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Colleges of the University of Oxford

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Aerial view of many of the colleges of the University of Oxford

The University of Oxford has 36 colleges, three societies, and four permanent private halls (PPHs) of religious foundation.[1] The colleges and PPHs are autonomous self-governing corporations within the university. These colleges are not only houses of residence, but have substantial responsibility for teaching undergraduate students. Generally tutorials (one of the main methods of teaching in Oxford) and classes are the responsibility of colleges, while lectures, examinations, laboratories, and the central library are run by the university. Students normally have most of their tutorials in their own college, but often have a couple of modules taught at other colleges or even at faculties and departments. Most colleges take both graduates and undergraduates, but several are for graduates only.

Undergraduate and graduate students may name preferred colleges in their applications. For undergraduate students, an increasing number of departments practise reallocation to ensure that the ratios between potential students and subject places available at each college are as uniform as possible. For the Department of Physics, reallocation is done on a random basis after a shortlist of candidates is drawn upon and before candidates are invited for interviews at the university.[2]

For graduate students, many colleges express a preference for candidates who plan to undertake research in an area of interest of one of its fellows. St Hugh's College, for example, states that it accepts graduate students in most subjects, principally those in the fields of interest of the fellows of the college.[3]

A typical college consists of a hall for dining, a chapel, a library, a college bar, senior, middle (postgraduate), and junior common rooms, rooms for 200–400 undergraduates, and lodgings for the head of the college and other dons. College buildings range from medieval to modern, but most are made up of interlinked quadrangles or courtyards, with a porter's lodge controlling entry from the outside.

The first modern merger of colleges was in 2008, with Green College and Templeton College merging to form Green Templeton College.[4] The number of PPHs also reduced when Greyfriars closed in 2008[5] and when St Benet's Hall closed in 2022.[6] Reuben College, established in 2019,[7][8] is the first new Oxbridge college since 1990, when Kellogg College was established.[9]

Brasenose College in the 1670s

History[edit]

Timeline of Oxford Colleges

The collegiate system arose because Oxford University came into existence through the gradual agglomeration of numerous independent institutions. Over the centuries several different types of college have emerged and disappeared.

Monastic halls[edit]

The first academic houses were monastic halls. Of the dozens established during the 12th–15th centuries, none survived the Reformation. The modern Dominican permanent private hall of Blackfriars (1921) is a descendant of the original (1221), and is sometimes described as heir to the oldest tradition of teaching in Oxford.

Academic halls[edit]

As the university took shape, friction between the hundreds of students living where and how they pleased led to a decree that all undergraduates would have to reside in approved halls. What eventually put an end to the medieval halls was the emergence of colleges. Often generously endowed and with permanent teaching staff, the colleges were originally the preserve of graduate students. However, once they began accepting fee-paying undergraduates in the 14th century, the halls' days were numbered. Of the hundreds of Aularian houses (from the Latin for "hall") that sprang up, only St Edmund Hall (c. 1225) remains.

Colleges[edit]

The oldest colleges are University College, Balliol, and Merton, established between 1249 and 1264, although there is some dispute over the exact order and precisely when each began teaching. The fourth oldest college is Exeter, founded in 1314, and the fifth is Oriel, founded in 1326.

Women's colleges[edit]

Women entered the university in 1879, with the opening of Lady Margaret Hall and Somerville College, becoming members of the University (and thus eligible to receive degrees) in 1920. Other women's colleges before integration were St Anne's, St Hilda's and St Hugh's. In 1974 the first men's colleges to admit women were Brasenose, Hertford, Jesus, St Catherine's and Wadham.[10] By 2008 all colleges had become co-residential, although one of the Permanent Private Halls, St Benet's Hall, did not start to admit postgraduate women until Michaelmas term 2014 and women undergraduates until Michaelmas 2016.

Postgraduate and mature colleges[edit]

Some colleges, such as Kellogg, Linacre, Nuffield, St Antony's, St Cross and Wolfson only admit postgraduate students. All Souls admits only fellows. Harris Manchester is intended for "mature students" with a minimum age of 21.[11] The newest college of the University, Reuben College, was established in 2019 as graduate-only, enrolling its first students in 2021 using the premises of the Radcliffe Science Library.[12]

Societies[edit]

Kellogg, Reuben and St Cross are the only Oxford colleges without a royal charter. They are officially societies of the university rather than independent colleges[13] and are considered departments of the university for accounting purposes.[14]

Private halls[edit]

The Oxford University Act 1854 and the university statute De aulis privatis (On private Halls) of 1855, allowed any Master of Arts aged at least 28 years to open a private hall after obtaining a licence to do so.[15] One such was Charsley's Hall.[16]

Permanent private halls[edit]

The Universities Tests Act 1871 opened all university degrees and positions to men who were not members of the Church of England (subject to safeguards for religious instruction and worship), which made it possible for Catholics and Non-conformists to open private halls. The first Catholic private halls were Clarke's Hall (now Campion Hall), opened by the Jesuit Order in 1896 and Hunter Blair's Hall (later St Benet's Hall) opened by the Benedictine Order in 1899.[17][18] In 1918 the university passed a statute to allow private halls which were not run for profit to become permanent private halls and the two halls took their current names.[17]

Map[edit]

Map of the University of Oxford
Colleges of the University of Oxford is located in Oxford city centre
St Anne's College
St Anne's College
Balliol College
Balliol College
Christ Church College
Christ Church College
The Queen's College
The Queen's College
Worcester College
Worcester College
Oriel College
Oriel College
Corpus Christi College
Corpus Christi College
St Antony's College
St Antony's College
St Hugh's College
St Hugh's College
Somerville College
Somerville College
St John's College
St John's College
New College
New College
St Catherine's College
St Catherine's College
Magdalen College
Magdalen College
All Souls College
All Souls College
Brasenose College
Brasenose College
Exeter College
Exeter College
Green Templeton College
Green Templeton College
Harris Manchester College
Harris Manchester College
Hertford College
Hertford College
Jesus College
Jesus College
Keble College
Keble College
Kellogg College
Kellogg College
Lady Margaret Hall
Lady Margaret Hall
Linacre College
Linacre College
Lincoln College
Lincoln College
Mansfield College
Mansfield College
Merton College
Merton College
Nuffield College
Nuffield College
Pembroke College
Pembroke College
Reuben College
Reuben College
St Cross College
St Cross College
St Edmund Hall
St Edmund Hall
St Hilda's College
St Hilda's College
St Peter's College
St Peter's College
Trinity College
Trinity College
University College
University College
Wadham College
Wadham College
Wolfson College
Wolfson College
Wolfson College
Wolfson College
Wolfson College
Wolfson College is on Linton Road, 580m from this arrow
Blackfriars
Blackfriars
Campion Hall
Campion Hall
Regent’s Park College (PPH)
Regent’s Park College (Permanent Private Hall)
St Stephen’s House
St Stephen’s House
St Stephen’s House
St Stephen’s House
St Stephen's House
St Stephen's House is on Marston Street, 350m from this arrow
Wycliffe Hall
Wycliffe Hall
Blackfriars
Blackfriars
Campion Hall
Campion Hall
Regent’s Park College (PPH)
Regent’s Park College (Permanent Private Hall)
St Stephen’s House
St Stephen’s House
St Stephen’s House
St Stephen’s House
Wycliffe Hall
Wycliffe Hall
University of Oxford Faculties & Facilities (Central Oxford)
Colleges of the University of Oxford is located in Oxford
St Anne's College
St Anne's College
Balliol College
Balliol College
Christ Church College
Christ Church College
The Queen's College
The Queen's College
Worcester College
Worcester College
Oriel College
Oriel College
Corpus Christi College
Corpus Christi College
St Antony's College
St Antony's College
St Hugh's College
St Hugh's College
Somerville College
Somerville College
St John's College
St John's College
New College
New College
St Catherine's College
St Catherine's College
Magdalen College
Magdalen College
All Souls College
All Souls College
Brasenose College
Brasenose College
Exeter College
Exeter College
Green Templeton College
Green Templeton College
Harris Manchester College
Harris Manchester College
Hertford College
Hertford College
Jesus College
Jesus College
Keble College
Keble College
Kellogg College
Kellogg College
Lady Margaret Hall
Lady Margaret Hall
Linacre College
Linacre College
Lincoln College
Lincoln College
Mansfield College
Mansfield College
Merton College
Merton College
Nuffield College
Nuffield College
Pembroke College
Pembroke College
Reuben College
Reuben College
St Cross College
St Cross College
St Edmund Hall
St Edmund Hall
St Hilda's College
St Hilda's College
St Peter's College
St Peter's College
Trinity College
Trinity College
University College
University College
Wadham College
Wadham College
Wolfson College
Wolfson College
Blackfriars
Blackfriars
Campion Hall
Campion Hall
Regent’s Park College (PPH)
Regent’s Park College (Permanent Private Hall)
St Stephen’s House
St Stephen’s House
Wycliffe Hall
Wycliffe Hall
Blackfriars
Blackfriars
Campion Hall
Campion Hall
Regent’s Park College (PPH)
Regent’s Park College (Permanent Private Hall)
St Stephen’s House
St Stephen’s House
Wycliffe Hall
Wycliffe Hall
Key
inline - College (illustrative) inline - Permanent Private Hall


List of colleges[edit]

Name Latin name Year of
Foundation
Sister college
at Cambridge
Total assets[19] Financial
endowment[19]
Undergraduates[20]
Postgraduates[20]
Visiting students[20]
Male students %[20]
Female students %[20]
Total students[20]
Assets per
student
All Souls College Collegium Omnium Animarum Fidelium Defunctorum de Oxonia 1438 Trinity Hall £546,604,000[21] £501,226,000[21] 0 9 0 56 44 9 £51,711,000
Balliol College Collegium Balliolensis 1263 St John's College £147,546,000[22] £123,435,000[22] 385 343 1 60 40 729 £202,000
Brasenose College Aula regia et collegium aenei nasi 1509 Gonville and Caius College £179,827,000[23] £151,293,000[23] 360 234 3 52 48 597 £301,000
Christ Church Ædes Christi/Ecclesia Christi Cathedralis Oxon: ex fundatione Regis Henrici Octavi 1546 Trinity College £772,200,000[24] £769,800,000[24] 442 203 0 58 42 645 £1,197,000
Corpus Christi College 1517 Corpus Christi College £191,539,000[25] £166,841,000[25] 258 98 2 59 41 358 £535,000
Exeter College Collegium Exoniense 1314 Emmanuel College £130,995,000[26] £74,876,000[26] 343 233 26 50 50 602 £218,000
Green Templeton College 2008 St Edmund's College £102,808,000[27] £1,143,000[27] 90 439 0 57 43 529 £194,000
Harris Manchester College Collegium de Harris et Manchester 1786
College: 1996
Homerton College £40,301,000[28] £14,371,000[28] 115 150 0 49 51 265 £152,000
Hertford College Collegium Hertfordiense 1282
College: 1740
None £79,183,000[29] £60,552,000[29] 410 236 31 49 51 677 £117,000
Jesus College Collegium Ihesus 1571 Jesus College £308,251,000[30] £259,938,000[30] 358 189 1 53 47 548 £562,501
Keble College Collegium Keblense 1870 Selwyn College £128,578,000[31] £50,313,000[31] 422 369 4 60 40 795 £162,000
Kellogg College 1990
Renamed: 1994
None [note 1] [note 1] 0 1155 0 62 38 1155 N/A
Lady Margaret Hall Aula Dominae Margaretae 1878 Newnham College £64,477,000[32] £36,279,000[32] 405 212 24 47 53 641 £101,000
Linacre College 1962 Hughes Hall £43,288,000[33] £27,854,000[33] 0 587 0 52 48 587 £74,000
Lincoln College Collegium Lincolniense 1427 Downing College £161,414,000[34] £124,437,000[34] 312 302 3 51 49 617 £262,000
Magdalen College Collegium Beatae Mariae Magdalenae 1458 Magdalene College £942,327,000[35] £710,786,000[35] 390 178 7 59 41 575 £1,639,000
Mansfield College 1886
College: 1995
Homerton College £30,307,000[36] £14,627,000[36] 239 173 40 55 45 452 £67,000
Merton College Domus sive collegium scholarium de Merton in universitate Oxon. 1264 Peterhouse £298,875,000[37] £274,412,000[37] 302 232 2 58 42 536 £558,000
New College Collegium Novum/ Collegium Beatae Mariae Wynton in Oxon. 1379 King's College £363,303,000[38] £303,324,000[38] 418 295 10 55 45 723 £502,000
Nuffield College Collegium Nuffield 1937 None £263,017,000[39] £239,159,000[39] 0 95 0 54 46 95 £2,769,000
Oriel College Collegium Orielense 1326 Clare College £105,618,000[40] £86,524,000[40] 323 200 5 54 46 528 £200,000
Pembroke College Collegium Pembrochianum 1624 Queens' College £87,094,000[41] £58,870,000[41] 378 220 29 51 49 627 £139,000
The Queen's College Collegium Reginae 1341 Pembroke College £426,250,000[42] £327,789,000[42] 336 177 1 51 49 514 £829,000
Reuben College 2019
Renamed: 2020
None [note 1] [note 1] 0 330 0 330 N/A
St Anne's College Collegium Sanctae Annae 1879
College: 1952
Murray Edwards College £66,634,000[43] £40,574,000[43] 439 352 37 50 50 828 £80,000
St Antony's College Collegium Sancti Antonii 1950
College: 1963
Wolfson College £72,393,000[44] £44,741,000[44] 0 443 0 49 51 443 £163,000
St Catherine's College Collegium Sanctae Catherinae[45] 1868
College: 1962
Robinson College £142,129,000[46] £104,305,000[46] 505 428 50 55 45 983 £125,000
St Cross College Collegium Sanctae Crucis Oxoniae 1965 Clare Hall [note 1] [note 1] 0 545 0 55 45 545 N/A
St Edmund Hall Aula Sancti Edmundi 1278
College: 1957
Fitzwilliam College £87,027,000[47] £68,248,000[47] 396 296 40 57 43 732 £119,000
St Hilda's College Collegium Sanctae Hildae 1893 None £119,647,000[48] £56,592,000[48] 399 183 0 49 51 582 £206,000
St Hugh's College Collegium Sancti Hugonis 1886 Clare College £69,374,000[49] £34,934,000[49] 425 366 1 56 44 792 £88,000
St John's College Collegium Sancti Johannis Baptistae 1555 Sidney Sussex College £790,693,000[50] £712,228,000[50] 395 236 3 50 50 634 £1,247,000
St Peter's College Collegium Sancti Petri Juxta Ballium 1929
College: 1961
None £78,172,000[51] £47,030,000[51] 356 215 21 54 46 592 £132,000
Somerville College Collegium de Somerville 1879 Girton College £223,804,000[52] £83,663,000[52] 425 209 0 50 50 634 £353,000
Trinity College Collegium Sanctae et Individuae Trinitatis in Universitate Oxon. ex Fundatione Thomae Pope Militis 1555 Churchill College £193,684,000[53] £164,267,000[53] 299 135 0 54 46 434 £446,000
University College Collegium Magnae Aulae Universitatis Oxon. 1249 Trinity Hall £209,052,000[54] £125,489,000[54] 394 224 0 59 41 618 £338,000
Wadham College Collegium Wadhami 1610 Christ's College £142,812,000[55] £105,237,000[55] 466 208 30 51 49 704 £203,000
Wolfson College 1966
College: 1981
Darwin College £95,187,000[56] £60,395,000[56] 0 581 0 52 48 581 £141,000
Worcester College Collegium Vigorniense 1714 St Catharine's College £87,218,000[57] £48,324,000[57] 438 179 30 50 50 647 £135,000
Total £6,558,565,000[58] £5,063,168,000[58] 11,223 10,839 401 54 46 22,984 £285,000
  1. ^ a b c d e f The financial statements of Kellogg College, Reuben College and St Cross College, due to their not having Royal Charters, are incorporated into the university's own accounts.

List of permanent private halls[edit]

U=Undergraduates • P=Postgraduates • V=Visiting students • M=Male students • F=Female students • T=Total students
Name Latin name Foundation Sister
hall at
Cambridge
Religious
affiliation
Total
assets
Financial
endowment
U
[20]
P
[20]
V
[20]
M%
[20]
F%
[20]
T
[20]
Assets per
student
Blackfriars Hall Domo Fratrum Praedicatorum[45] 1221
Refounded: 1921
PPH 1994
None Catholic
(Dominican)
[note 1] [note 1] 3 21 11 57 43 44
Campion Hall Aula Privata de Campion[45] 1896 None Catholic
(Jesuit)
[note 2] [note 2] 0 12 0 100 0 12
Regent's Park College Collegium de Principis Cum Regentis Paradiso 1752
Move to Oxford: 1927
PPH: 1957
Lucy Cavendish College Baptist £29,024,000[59] £7,820,000[59] 155 118 17 48 52 290 £100,083
Wycliffe Hall Aula Wiclefi 1877 Ridley Hall Anglican £9,364,000[60] £560,000[60] 65 40 53 51 49 158 £59,000
Total £25,860,000 £4,080,000 270 247 78 53 47 517 £50,000
  1. ^ a b Blackfriars Hall is operated by the English Province of the Order of Preachers, part of the Dominican Order, who also run several priories and other charitable operations. The hall does not have assets or endowments specific to it that shown in the order's accounts.
  2. ^ a b Campion Hall is one of several institutions operated by the Society Of Jesus Trust Of 1929 For Roman Catholic Purposes. The hall does not have assets or endowments specific to it that are shown in the society's accounts.

College and permanent private hall arms and colours[edit]

Each college and permanent private hall has its own arms, although in some cases these were assumed rather than granted by the College of Arms. Under King Henry VIII Oxford colleges were granted exemption from having their arms granted by the College of Arms; and some, like Lady Margaret Hall, have chosen to take advantage of this exemption, whilst others, such as Oriel, despite having used the arms for many centuries, have recently elected to have the arms granted officially. The blazons below are taken from the Oxford University Calendar[61] unless otherwise indicated. Shields are emblazoned as commonly drawn, and notable inconsistencies between blazons and emblazons (the shields as drawn) are indicated.

Each college also has its own colours used on items such as scarves and rowing blades.

College Arms Blazon Scarf Blades
All Souls College Or, a chevron between three cinquefoils gules.
Balliol College Azure a lion rampant argent, crowned or, impaling gules, an orle argent.
Brasenose College Tierced in pale: (1) Argent, a chevron sable between three roses gules seeded or, barbed vert (for Smyth); (2) or, an escutcheon of the arms of the See of Lincoln (gules, two lions of England in pale or, on a chief azure Our Lady crowned seated on a tombstone issuant from the chief, in her dexter arm the Infant Jesus, in her sinister arm a sceptre, all or), ensigned with a mitre proper; (3) quarterly, first and fourth argent, a chevron between three bugle-horns stringed sable; second and third argent, a chevron between three crosses crosslet sable (for Sutton).[a]
Christ Church Sable, on a cross engrailed argent, a lion passant gules between four leopards' faces azure, on a chief or a rose of the third, seeded or, barbed vert, between two Cornish choughs proper.
Corpus Christi College Tierced per pale: (1) Azure, a pelican with wings endorsed vulning herself or; (2) Argent, thereon an escutcheon charged with the arms of the See of Winchester (i.e. gules, two keys addorsed in bend, the uppermost or, the other argent, a sword interposed between them in bend sinister of the third, pommel and hilt gold; the escutcheon ensigned with a mitre of the last); (3) Sable, a chevron or between three owls argent, on a chief of the second as many roses gules, seeded of the second, barbed vert.
Exeter College Argent, two bends nebuly within a bordure sable charged with eight pairs of keys, addorsed and interlaced in the rings, the wards upwards, or.
Green Templeton College Or between two flaunches vert on each a nautilus shell the aperture outwards or a rod of Aesculapius sable the serpent azure.
Harris Manchester College Gules, two Torches inflamed in saltire proper; on a Chief Argent, between Two Roses of a field barbed and seeded an open Book also proper.
Hertford College Gules, a stag's head caboshed argent, attired, and between the attires a cross patty fitchy at the foot, or.
Jesus College Vert, three stags trippant argent attired or.
Keble College Argent, a chevron engrailed gules, on a chief azure three mullets pierced or.
Kellogg College Per pale indented argent and azure on the argent a chevron enhanced gules in base a book azure leaved argent on the azure an ear of wheat palewise or the whole within a bordure gules.
Christ Church Boat Club[62]
Lady Margaret Hall Or, on a chevron between in chief two talbots passant and in base a bell all azure, a portcullis of the field.
Linacre College Sable an open Book proper edged or bound gules the dexter page charged with the Greek letter alpha the sinister page charged with the Greek letter omega both sable the whole between three escallops argent.
Lincoln College Tierced per pale: (1) Barry of six argent and azure, in chief three lozenges gules, on the second bar of an argent a mullet pierced sable; (2) Argent, thereon an escutcheon of the arms of the See of Lincoln (i.e., Gules, two lions passant guardant or, on a chief azure the Blessed Virgin Mary ducally crowned seated on a throne issuant from the chief, on her dexter arm the infant Jesus and holding in her sinister hand a sceptre, all gold; the escutcheon ensigned with a mitre azure garnished and stringed or); (3) Vert, three stags trippant argent attired or.[b]
Magdalen College Lozengy ermine and sable, on a chief of the second three lilies argent slipped and seeded or.
Mansfield College Gules an open book proper inscribed DEUS LOCUTUS EST NOBIS IN FILIO in letters sable bound argent edged and clasped or between three cross crosslets or.
Merton College Or, three chevronels party per pale, the first and third azure and gules, the second gules and azure.
New College Argent, two chevronels sable between three roses gules, seeded or, barbed vert.
Nuffield College Ermine on a fesse or between in chief two roses gules barbed and seeded proper and in base a balance of the second three pears sable, and for crest on a wreath or and gules a demi bull gules armed and unguled or resting the sinister hoof on a winged wheel or.[c]
Oriel College Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or within a bordure engrailed argent.
Pembroke College Per pale azure and gules, three lions rampant, two and one, argent, on a chief per pale argent and or, in the first a rose gules, seeded or, barbed vert in the second a thistle of Scotland proper.
The Queen's College Argent, three eagles displayed two and one gules, legged and beaked or, on the breast of the first eagle, a pierced mullet of the third as cadency mark.[d]
Somerville College Argent, three mullets in chevron reversed gules, between six crosses crosslet fitched sable.
St Anne's College Gules, on a chevron between in chief two lions' heads erased argent, and in base a sword of the second pummelled and kilt or and enfiled with a wreath of laurel proper, three ravens.
St Antony's College Or on a chevron between three tau crosses gules as many pierced mullets of the field.
St Catherine's College Sable a saltire ermine between four Catherine wheels or.
St Cross College Argent a cross potent purpure a quarter counterchanged.
St Edmund Hall Or, a cross patonce gules cantoned by four Cornish choughs proper.
St Hilda's College Azure on a fess or between in chief two unicorns' heads couped and in base a coiled serpent argent three estoiles gules.
St Hugh's College Azure a saltire ermine between four fleurs-de-lis or.
St John's College Gules, on a bordure sable eight estoiles or; on a canton ermine a lion rampant of the second; on the fess point an annulet of the third.
St Peter's College Per pale vert and argent, to the dexter two keys in saltire or surmounted by a triple towered castle argent masoned sable (representing Oxford bailey) and on the sinister a cross gules surmounted by a mitre or between four martlets sable (for Chavasse), the whole within a bordure or.
Trinity College Party per pale or and azure, on a chevron between three griffins heads erased four fleurs-de-lys, all counter-changed of the field.
University College Azure, a cross patonce between five martlets or.
Wadham College Gules, a chevron between 3 roses argent, seeded or, barbed vert, impaling gules, a bend or between two escallops argent.
Wolfson College Per pale gules and or on a chevron between three roses two pears all countercharged the roses barbed and seeded proper.
Worcester College Argent, two chevronels between six martlets, three, two and one gules.[e]
Blackfriars Gyronny of sable and argent, a cross flory counterchanged.[f]
Campion Hall Argent on a cross sable a plate charged with a wolf's head erased of the second between in pale two billets of the field that in chief charged with a cinquefoil and that in base with a saltire gules and in fesse as many plates each charged with a campion flower leaved and slipped proper on a chief also of the second two branches of palm in saltire enfiled with a celestial crown or.[63][g]
Regent's Park College Argent on a cross gules an open Bible proper irradiated or the pages inscribed with the words DOMINUS JESUS in letters sable on a chief wavy azure fish or.
St Stephen's House Per chevron Gules and Sable in chief two Cross crosslets and in base a Celestial Crown Or.[64][h]
Wycliffe Hall Gules, an open book proper the pages inscribed with the words VIA VERITAS VITA in letters sable on a chief azure three crosses crosslet argent and in base an estoile or.[i]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Brasenose: the blazon of the arms of the See of Lincoln given here differs from that at Lincoln College; the two forms are simply interpretations of the simpler blazon gules, two lions passant gardant or, in a chief azure Our Lady sitting with her Babe, crown and sceptre of the second.
  2. ^ Lincoln: although the three stags are blazoned as trippant argent attired or they are universally drawn as statant or. See also note on Brasenose above.
  3. ^ Nuffield: uniquely among the Oxford colleges the blazon of Nuffield recorded in the University Calendar also describes its crest.
  4. ^ Queens: the depiction of the pierced mullet is quite variable; a mullet of six points is common and the piercing is sometimes indicated schematically.
  5. ^ Worcester: although the six martlets are blazoned as gules (red) they are usually (but not always) drawn as sable (black).
  6. ^ Blackfriars: the blazon used here is that of the Dominican Order. Blackfriars also uses their simpler shield, blazoned as sable, a pile inverted argent.
  7. ^ Campion: the phrase billets of the Weld used in the Calendar appears to be a misprint for billets of the field.
  8. ^ St Stephen's: the current arms were granted in 2021; before this the hall used the assumed arms gules a celestial crown between three bezants two and one or, on a chief sable an apostolic eagle between two crosses crosslet or.
  9. ^ Wycliffe: the blazon used here is simply a description of the shield as usually drawn.

Heads of Houses[edit]

The senior member of each college is an officer known generically as the Head of House. Their specific title varies from college to college as indicated in the list below. While the Head of House will usually be an academic, it is not uncommon for a person to be appointed who has had a distinguished career outside academic circles.

For a list of current Heads of Houses, see Heads of Houses.

The dean of Christ Church is head of both the college and the cathedral. The president of Kellogg College is also the director of the Department for Continuing Education.

Finances[edit]

As of 2019 the accounts of the Oxford colleges included total assets of £6.6 billion.[58] This figure does not reflect all the assets held by the colleges as their accounts do not include the cost or value of many of their main sites or heritage assets such as works of art or libraries.[65] The total endowments of the colleges were £5.1 billion as of 2019.[58] Individual college endowments ranged from £1.2m (Green Templeton) to £577.6 million (Christ Church).[27][24]

Academic rankings[edit]

For some years, an unofficial ranking of undergraduate colleges by performance in Final Honour Schools examinations, known as the Norrington Table, was published annually. As the table only took into account the examination results for the year of publication, college rankings could fluctuate considerably.

Beginning in 2005, the University of Oxford started publishing a list of colleges classified by a "Norrington Score", effectively replicating the Norrington Table. The university claims to have published the results "in the interests of openness". Although the university says that the college listings are "not very significant", the 2005 table was the first Norrington Table with official data and also probably the first to be accurate. Dame Fiona Caldicott, the Chairman of the Conference of Colleges, said that in previous years some students had used the Data Protection Act 1998 to ensure their results were not published, rendering the unofficial tables inaccurate.[66]

College rivalries[edit]

A tradition of the university is a friendly rivalry between colleges. Often, two neighbouring colleges will be rivals, and each college will pride itself in its athletic victories over the other one. Examples include:

Architectural influence[edit]

The Oxford and Cambridge colleges have served as an architectural inspiration for Collegiate Gothic Architecture, used by a number of American universities including Princeton University and Washington University in St. Louis since the late nineteenth century.[75][76]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

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