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Poland (27,523 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article

20°E / 52°N 20°E / 52; 20 Poland (Polish: Polska [ˈpɔlska] (listen)), officially the Republic of Poland (Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska [ʐɛt͡ʂpɔˈspɔlita ˈpɔlska]
Roman Polanski (12,811 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(/pəˈlænski/ pə-LAN-skee, Polish: [ˈrɔman pɔˈlaj̃skʲi] (listen); born Raymond Thierry Liebling, 18 August 1933) is a Polish-French film director, producer
Marie Curie (10,278 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
French: [kyʁi], Polish: [kʲiˈri]), born Maria Salomea Skłodowska (Polish: [ˈmarja salɔˈmɛa skwɔˈdɔfska]; 7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934), was a Polish and naturalized-French
Polish language (7,038 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish (język polski, [ˈjɛ̃zɨk ˈpɔlskʲi] (listen), polszczyzna, [pɔlˈʂt͡ʂɨzna] (listen) or simply polski, [ˈpɔlskʲi] (listen)) is a West Slavic language
Invasion of Poland (13,927 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The invasion of Poland (September campaign, Polish: Kampania wrześniowa, 1939 defensive war, Polish: Wojna obronna 1939 roku, Poland campaign, German:
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (11,902 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth – formally, the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and, after 1791, the Commonwealth of
Robert Lewandowski (9,241 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Robert Lewandowski (Polish pronunciation: [ˈrɔbɛrt lɛvanˈdɔfskʲi] (listen); born 21 August 1988) is a Polish professional footballer who plays as a striker
Tommy Wiseau (2,865 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(/wɪˈzoʊ/ or /ˈwaɪzoʊ/; born Tomasz Wieczorkiewicz on October 3, 1955) is a Polish-born American actor and filmmaker. He is best known for writing, producing
Poles (10,633 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Poles (Polish: Polacy, pronounced [pɔˈlat͡sɨ]; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are
Gdańsk (10,039 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Gdańsk (/ɡəˈdænsk/, also US: /ɡəˈdɑːnsk/, Polish: [ɡdaj̃sk] (listen); Kashubian: Gduńsk; German: Danzig [ˈdantsɪç] (listen); Swedish: Danzig) is a city
Wrocław (10,588 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
VROTS-wahf, US: /ˈvrɔːts-wɑːf, -lɑːf, -lɑːv/ VRAWTS-wahf, -⁠lahf, -⁠lahv, Polish: [ˈvrɔt͡swaf] (listen); German: Breslau [ˈbʁɛslaʊ] (listen); Czech: Vratislav;
Polish–Soviet War (13,848 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish–Soviet War (14 February 1919 – 18 October 1920) was fought by the Second Polish Republic, the Ukrainian People's Republic and the proto-Soviet
Second Polish Republic (7,186 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Second Polish Republic, commonly known as interwar Poland, refers to the country of Poland in the period between the two World wars (1918–1939). Officially
Warsaw Uprising (19,201 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Uprising (Polish: Powstanie Warszawskie; German: Warschauer Aufstand) was a major World War II operation, in the summer of 1944, by the Polish underground
Katyn massacre (11,285 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Katyn massacre was a series of mass executions of about 22,000 Polish military officers and intelligentsia carried out by the Soviet Union, specifically
Polish People's Republic (9,852 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish People's Republic (Polish: Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa, PRL) was a country in Central Europe that existed from 1947 to 1989, and the predecessor
Voivodeships of Poland (2,042 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
A voivodeship (/ˈvɔɪvoʊdʃɪp/; Polish: województwo [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ]; plural: województwa) is the highest-level administrative subdivision of Poland, corresponding
History of the Jews in Poland (27,322 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Festival, new study programs at Polish secondary schools and universities, and Warsaw's Museum of the History of Polish Jews. From the founding of the
Partitions of Poland (4,441 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Partitions of Poland were three partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth that took place toward the end of the 18th century and ended the existence
Sejm (2,898 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
parliament of Poland. The Sejm has been the highest governing body of the Third Polish Republic since the transition of government in 1989. Along with the upper
Szczecin (10,274 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(UK: /ˈʃtʃɛtʃɪn/ SHCHETCH-in, US: /-tʃiːn, ʃtʃɛtˈsiːn/ -⁠een, shchet-SEEN, Polish: [ˈʂt͡ʂɛt͡ɕin] (listen); German: Stettin [ʃtɛˈtiːn] (listen); Swedish: Stettin
Andrzej Duda (2,676 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Andrzej Sebastian Duda (born 16 May 1972) is a Polish lawyer and politician who has served as president of Poland since 6 August 2015. Before becoming
Polish Americans (7,875 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish Americans (Polish: Polonia amerykańska) are Americans who have total or partial Polish ancestry. There are an estimated 9.15 million self-identified
History of Poland (27,112 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polonization, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Partitions of Poland, the Polish interwar period, the Second World War, the Polish People's Republic
List of Polish monarchs (908 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
uniquely electable position in Europe (16th–18th centuries). The first known Polish ruler is Duke Mieszko I who adopted Christianity under the authority of
Lech Wałęsa (8,959 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lech Wałęsa (Polish: [ˈlɛɣ vaˈwɛ̃sa] (listen); born 29 September 1943) is a Polish statesman, dissident, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, who served as
Law and Justice (4,990 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Law and Justice (Polish: Prawo i Sprawiedliwość [ˈpravɔ i spravjɛdˈlivɔɕtɕ] (listen); PiS) is a national-conservative, Christian democratic and right-wing
Kvass (3,166 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"non-alcoholic" drink by Ukrainian, Belarusian, Russian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Hungarian, Serbian, and Romanian standards, as the alcohol content from
Ekstraklasa (3,000 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Polish pronunciation: [ˌɛkstraˈklasa]), named PKO Ekstraklasa since the 2019–20 season due to its sponsorship by PKO Bank Polski, is the top Polish professional
Białystok (9,037 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Białystok (UK: /biːˈælɪstɒk/, US: /biːˈɑːlɪstɔːk, ˈbjɑː-, bjɑːˈwɪstɔːk/, Polish: [bjaˈwɨstɔk] (listen); Belarusian: Беласток, romanized: Bielastok,
Tadeusz Kościuszko (9,063 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Bonaventure Kosciuszko; 4 or 12 February 1746 – 15 October 1817) was a Polish military engineer, statesman, and military leader who became a national
Pickled cucumber (2,495 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the bread can help cause a fermentation process. The Polish- or German-style pickled cucumber (Polish: ogórek kiszony/kwaszony; German: Salzgurken), was
Maximilian Kolbe (3,370 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Saint Maximilian Kolbe (Polish: Maksymilian Maria Kolbe [maksɨˌmʲilʲan ˌmarʲja ˈkɔlbɛ]; 8 January 1894 – 14 August 1941) was a Polish Conventual Franciscan
Free City of Danzig (11,014 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Free City of Danzig (German: Freie Stadt Danzig; Polish: Wolne Miasto Gdańsk) was a semi-autonomous city-state that existed between 1920 and 1939,
Józef Piłsudski (14,575 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Józef Klemens Piłsudski (Polish: [ˈjuzɛf ˈklɛmɛns pʲiwˈsutskʲi] (listen); 5 December 1867 – 12 May 1935) was a Polish statesman who served as the Chief
Battle of Vienna (5,524 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(German: Schlacht am Kahlen Berge or Kahlenberg (Battle of the Bald Mountain); Polish: bitwa pod Wiedniem or odsiecz wiedeńska (The Relief of Vienna); Modern
Polish Land Forces (2,932 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Land Forces (Polish: Wojska Lądowe) are a military branch of the Polish Armed Forces. They currently contain some 77,000 active personnel and form
Polish Armed Forces (2,421 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Polish: Siły Zbrojne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, abbreviated SZ RP; popularly called Wojsko Polskie in Poland, abbreviated WP—roughly, the "Polish Military")
Stanisław August Poniatowski (7,891 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1764 to 1795, and the last monarch of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. A great patron of the arts and sciences, he initiated
Home Army (11,541 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Home Army (Polish: Armia Krajowa, AK; Polish pronunciation: [ˈarmʲa kraˈjɔva]) was the dominant Polish resistance movement in Poland, occupied by
Soviet invasion of Poland (8,447 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and questioned the future existence of the Polish state. The Red Army, which vastly outnumbered the Polish defenders, achieved its targets encountering
Masovian Voivodeship (1,116 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Mazovia Province (Polish: województwo mazowieckie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ mazɔˈvʲɛtskʲɛ]) is the largest and most populous of the 16 Polish provinces, or voivodeships
National Library of Poland (1,129 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The National Library of Poland (Polish: Biblioteka Narodowa) is the central Polish library, subject directly to the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage
Solidarity (Polish trade union) (3,711 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Solidarity (Polish: Solidarność, pronounced [sɔlʲiˈdarnɔɕtɕ] (listen); full name: Independent Self-governing Trade Union "Solidarity"—Niezależny Samorządny
Szlachta (18,405 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the Grand Duchy and its neighbouring Kingdom became a single state, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The origins of the szlachta are obscure and have
Bydgoszcz (5,177 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Bydgoszcz (UK: /ˈbɪdɡɒʃtʃ/ BID-goshtch, US: /-ɡɔːʃ(tʃ)/ -⁠gawsh(tch), Polish: [ˈbɨdɡɔʂtʂ] (listen); German: Bromberg [ˈbʁɔmbɛɐ̯k]; Latin: Bydgostia, Brombergum)
Congress Poland (4,053 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
was a polity created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna as a sovereign Polish state. It was established in the Russian sector after Poland was partitioned
President of Poland (1,695 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The President of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, shorter form: Prezydent RP) is the head of state of Poland. Their
Legia Warsaw (10,284 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
most successful Polish football clubs in history winning 13 Ekstraklasa Champions titles, a record 19 Polish Cup trophies and four Polish SuperCup matches
Polish złoty (7,665 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The złoty (Polish: [ˈzwɔtɨ] (listen); sign: zł; code: PLN) is the official currency and legal tender of Poland. It is subdivided into 100 grosz (gr). The
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (7,899 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
another roundup in January 1943 was partially successful and spurred the Polish groups to support the Jews in earnest. The uprising started on 19 April
Polish government-in-exile (3,281 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish government-in-exile, officially known as the Government of the Republic of Poland in exile (Polish: Rząd Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej na uchodźstwie)
The Witcher (3,985 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Witcher (Polish: Wiedźmin, Polish pronunciation: [ˈvʲɛd͡ʑmʲin]) is a fantasy series of novels and short stories written by Polish author Andrzej Sapkowski
Occupation of Poland (1939–1945) (11,967 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
occupiers discussed their plans to deal with the Polish resistance movement Around 6 million Polish citizens—nearly 21.4% of Poland's population—died
Katowice (6,026 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Katowice (UK: /ˌkætəˈviːtsə/ KAT-ə-VEET-sə, US: /ˌkɑːt-/ KAHT-, Polish: [katɔˈvitsɛ] (listen); officially Miasto Katowice; 1953–1956: Stalinogród; Silesian:
Donald Tusk (6,194 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Donald Franciszek Tusk (/tʊsk/; Polish: [ˈdɔnalt franˈt͡ɕiʂɛk ˈtusk] (listen); born 22 April 1957) is a Polish politician, who was the President of the
Nail polish (2,862 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Nail polish (also known as nail varnish or nail enamel) is a lacquer that can be applied to the human fingernail or toenails to decorate and protect the
History of Poland (1939–1945) (24,812 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Polish citizens suffered enormous human and material losses. According to the Institute of National Remembrance estimates, about 5.6 million Polish citizens
Gmina (870 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The gmina (Polish pronunciation [ˈɡmina], plural gminy [ˈɡminɨ], from German Gemeinde meaning commune) is the principal unit of the administrative division
ORMO (1,195 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ORMO (Polish: Ochotnicza Rezerwa Milicji Obywatelskiej), or the Volunteer Reserve of the Citizens' Militia, was a paramilitary organization and voluntary
LOT Polish Airlines (8,470 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
LOT Polish Airlines, legally incorporated as Polskie Linie Lotnicze LOT S.A. (Polish pronunciation: [lɔt], flight), is the flag carrier of Poland. Based
Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry (930 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry (Polish: Związek Producentów Audio-Video, ZPAV) is the organization that represents the interests of the
Polish music charts (741 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish music charts are provided by ZPAV, the Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry (Polish: Związek Producentów Audio-Video). In the 1970s
Anti-Polish sentiment (12,727 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
anti-Polonism (Polish: Antypolonizm), and anti-Polish sentiment are terms for a variety of negative attitudes, prejudices, and actions against Polish people and
Civic Platform (2,682 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Civic Platform (Polish: Platforma Obywatelska, PO) is a liberal-conservative political party in Poland. Civic Platform came to power following the 2007
Polish resistance movement in World War II (6,174 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish resistance movement in World War II, with the Polish Home Army at its forefront, was the largest underground resistance movement in all of
Polish Air Force (4,182 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Air Force (Siły Powietrzne, literally "Air Forces") is the aerial warfare military branch of the Polish Armed Forces. Until July 2004 it was
Olsztyn (5,370 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Olsztyn (UK: /ˈɒlʃtɪn/ OL-shtin, Polish: [ˈɔlʂtɨn] (listen); German: Allenstein [ˈʔalənʃtaɪn] (listen); Old Polish: Holstin; Old Prussian: Alnāsteini
General Government (8,172 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Generalgouvernement, Polish: Generalne Gubernatorstwo, Ukrainian: Генеральна губернія), also referred to as the General Governorate for the occupied Polish Region (German:
John III Sobieski (4,615 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
John III Sobieski (Polish: Jan III Sobieski; Lithuanian: Jonas III Sobieskis; Latin: Ioannes III Sobiscius; 17 August 1629 – 17 June 1696) was King of
West Pomeranian Voivodeship (1,688 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
West Pomeranian Voivodeship or West Pomerania Province (in Polish, województwo zachodniopomorskie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ zaˈxɔdɲɔ pɔˈmɔrskʲɛ]; German: Woiwodschaft
Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship (1,548 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship or Warmia-Masuria Province or Warmia-Mazury Province (in Polish: Województwo warmińsko-mazurskie, [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ varˈmiɲskɔ maˈzurskʲɛ]
January Uprising (4,841 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The January Uprising (Polish: powstanie styczniowe; Lithuanian: 1863 metų sukilimas; Russian: Польское восстание) was an insurrection principally in Russia′s
Polish Navy (3,417 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Navy (Polish: Marynarka Wojenna, "War Navy"; often abbreviated to Marynarka) is a military branch of the Polish Armed Forces responsible for
Toruń (5,240 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Toruń (UK: /ˈtɒrʊnjə/, US: /ˈtɔːruːn(jə), ˈtoʊruːn/, Polish: [ˈtɔruj̃] (listen); German: Thorn) is a historical city on the Vistula River in north-central
Witold Pilecki (5,011 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1901 – 25 May 1948; Polish pronunciation: [ˈvitɔlt piˈlɛt͡skʲi]; codenames Roman Jezierski, Tomasz Serafiński, Druh, Witold) was a Polish cavalry officer
Gdynia (4,875 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Gdynia (/ɡəˈdɪniə/ gə-DIN-ee-ə, Polish: [ˈɡdɨɲa] (listen); German: Gdingen; Kashubian: Gdiniô, 1939-1945 Gotenhafen) is a city in northern Poland. Located
November Uprising (3,459 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The November Uprising (1830–31), also known as the Polish–Russian War 1830–31 or the Cadet Revolution, was an armed rebellion in the heartland of partitioned
Crown of the Kingdom of Poland (3,253 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Crown of the Kingdom of Poland (Polish: Korona Królestwa Polskiego; Latin: Corona Regni Poloniae), known as the Polish Crown, or the Crown, is the common
Lists of Polish films (169 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
see Polish films. List of films made in Poland in the Interwar Period List of Polish films pre 1930 List of Polish films of the 1930s List of Polish films
Polish cuisine (5,453 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish cuisine (Polish: Kuchnia polska) is a style of cooking and food preparation originating in or widely popular in Poland. Polish cuisine has evolved
2020 Polish presidential election (3,274 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The 2020 Polish presidential elections were due to be held on 10 May 2020, but were postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. On 6 May 2020 the Agreement
Lech Kaczyński (3,433 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Aleksander Kaczyński (Polish pronunciation: [ˈlɛx alɛkˈsandɛr kaˈt͡ʂɨj̃skʲi] (listen); 18 June 1949 – 10 April 2010) was a Polish lawyer and politician
Flag of Poland (5,613 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The flag of Poland (Polish: flaga Polski) consists of two horizontal stripes of equal width, the upper one white and the lower one red. The two colours
Podkarpackie Voivodeship (1,094 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Podkarpackie Voivodeship or Podkarpackie Province (in Polish: województwo podkarpackie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ pɔtkarˈpatskʲɛ], Slovak: Podkarpatské vojvodstvo
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship (1,098 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Voivodeship or simply Kujawsko-Pomorskie, or Kujawy-Pomerania Province (Polish: województwo kujawsko-pomorskie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ kuˈjafskɔ pɔˈmɔrskʲɛ]; German:
Jarosław Kaczyński (1,611 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Jarosław Aleksander Kaczyński (Polish pronunciation: [jaˈrɔswaf kaˈtʂɨj̃skʲi] (listen); born 18 June 1949) is a Polish politician and lawyer who is currently
Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (6,812 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
In 1804 it became a crownland of the Austrian Empire. From 1867 it was a Polish-administered autonomous crownland under Cisleithanian Austria-Hungary, until
Lesser Poland Voivodeship (1,577 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lesser Poland Voivodeship or Lesser Poland Province (in Polish: województwo małopolskie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ mawɔˈpɔlskʲɛ]), also known as Małopolska, is a voivodeship
Polish Football Association (332 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
organizes the Polish football leagues (without the Ekstraklasa), the Polish Cup and the Polish national football team. It is based in the Polish capital of
Smolensk air disaster (18,273 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
disaster occurred on 10 April 2010, when a Tupolev Tu-154 aircraft of the Polish Air Force crashed near the Russian city of Smolensk, killing all 96 people
Brest, Belarus (3,503 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
pronounced [brɛs̪t̪]; Russian: Брест, romanized: Brest, pronounced [brʲes̪t̪]; Polish: Brześć; Lithuanian: Brasta; Ukrainian: Берестя, romanized: Berestya; Yiddish:
University of Warsaw (4,743 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The University of Warsaw (Polish: Uniwersytet Warszawski, Latin: Universitas Varsoviensis), established in 1816, is the largest university in Poland. It
Władysław II Jagiełło (5,473 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Jogaila (Jogaila), later Władysław II Jagiełło (Polish pronunciation: [vwaˈdɨswaf jaˈɡʲɛwːɔ] (listen)) (c. 1352/1362 – 1 June 1434) was the Grand Duke
Polish People's Party (1,596 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish People's Party (Polish: Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe), abbreviated to PSL (traditionally translated as Polish Peasants' Party), often shortened
No. 303 Squadron RAF (5,375 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Squadron RAF (Polish: 303 Dywizjon Myśliwski "Warszawski im. Tadeusza Kościuszki", often shortened to Dywizjon 303) was one of only two Polish squadrons to
Stanisław Lem (4,684 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Stanisław Herman Lem (Polish: [staˈɲiswaf ˈlɛm] (listen); 12 or 13 September 1921 – 27 March 2006) was a Polish writer of science fiction and essays on
Deluge (history) (6,150 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
The term Deluge (Polish: potop szwedzki, Lithuanian: švedų tvanas) denotes a series of mid-17th-century campaigns in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Battle of Grunwald (6,017 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Žalgiris or First Battle of Tannenberg was fought on 15 July 1410 during the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War. The alliance of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland
First Partition of Poland (3,126 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the first of three partitions that eventually ended the existence of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth by 1795. Growth in the Russian Empire's power, threatening
Podlaskie Voivodeship (2,421 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Podlaskie Voivodeship or Podlasie Province (Polish: Województwo podlaskie, [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ pɔdˈlaskʲɛ]; Lithuanian: Palenkės vaivadija; Belarusian: Падляскае
Adam Mickiewicz (7,244 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
([mit͡sˈkʲɛvit͡ʂ] (listen); 24 December 1798 – 26 November 1855) was a Polish poet, dramatist, essayist, publicist, translator, professor of Slavic literature
Khmelnytsky Uprising (6,222 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Khmelnytsky Uprising (Polish: Powstanie Chmielnickiego; in Ukraine known as Khmelʹnychchyna or Ukrainian: повстання Богдана Хмельницького; Lithuanian:
Zygmunt Bauman (5,050 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
January 2017) was a Polish-British sociologist and philosopher. He was driven out of the Polish People's Republic during the 1968 Polish political crisis
Kielce (5,346 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kielce (/ˈkjɛltsə/ KYELT-sə, Polish: [ˈkʲɛltsɛ] (listen)) is a city in south central Poland with 195,774 inhabitants. It has been the capital city of the
Telewizja Polska (1,092 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Telewizja Polska S.A. (TVP, or Polish Television) is a Polish public service broadcaster and the largest television network in Poland. About a third of
Kashubian language (3,190 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Kashubian: kaszëbsczi jãzëk, Polish: język kaszubski) is a West Slavic lect belonging to the Lechitic subgroup along with Polish and Silesian. Although often
Polish United Workers' Party (3,326 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish United Workers' Party (Polish: Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza), commonly abbreviated to PZPR, was the communist party which governed the
History of Poland (1945–1989) (26,711 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
shift of the Polish frontier and approved its new territory between the Oder–Neisse line and Curzon Line, which resulted in the Polish borders shrinking
Władysław Sikorski (7,254 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Władysław Eugeniusz Sikorski (Polish pronunciation: [vwaˈdɨswaf ɕiˈkɔrskʲi] (listen); 20 May 1881 – 4 July 1943) was a Polish military and political leader
Nazi crimes against the Polish nation (9,486 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Crimes against the Polish nation committed by Nazi Germany and Axis collaborationist forces during the invasion of Poland, along with auxiliary battalions
Casimir Pulaski (7,097 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kazimierz Michał Władysław Wiktor Pułaski of Ślepowron (Polish pronunciation: [kaˈʑimjɛʂ puˈwaskʲi] (listen); English: Casimir Pulaski /ˈkæ.zɪ.ˌmɪər pəˈlæ
Henryk Sienkiewicz (5,252 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish: [ˈxɛnrɨk ˈadam alɛkˈsandɛr ˈpjus ɕɛnˈkʲɛvitʂ]; 5 May 1846 – 15 November 1916), also known by the pseudonym Litwos [ˈlitfɔs], was a Polish journalist
Krzysztof Penderecki (4,529 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Krzysztof Eugeniusz Penderecki (Polish: [ˈkʂɨʂtɔf pɛndɛˈrɛt͡skʲi]; 23 November 1933 – 29 March 2020) was a Polish composer and conductor. Among his best
Politics of Poland (1,593 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
reorganization of its military. Polish military doctrine reflects the same defense nature as its NATO partners. The combined Polish army consists of 100,300
Opole (3,631 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Opole (Polish: [ɔˈpɔlɛ] (listen); German: Oppeln [ˈʔɔpl̩n]; Silesian: Ôpole; see below) is a city located in southern Poland on the Oder River and the
Piast dynasty (1,353 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
was the first historical ruling dynasty of Poland. The first documented Polish monarch was Duke Mieszko I (c. 930–992). The Piasts' royal rule in Poland
Oder–Neisse line (8,634 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Oder–Neisse line (German: Oder-Neiße-Grenze, Polish: granica na Odrze i Nysie Łużyckiej) is the basis of the international border between Germany and
V-2 missile launch site, Blizna (2,715 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the new V-2 missile site. The first reports came in October 1943 from the Polish underground Home Army (Armia Krajowa) Intelligence HQ in Warsaw, stating
History of Belarus (6,388 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
into the Kingdom of Lithuania, Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and later in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Russian Empire and eventually the Soviet
Kielbasa (1,679 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(/kiːlˈbɑːsə/ or /kɪˈbɑːsə/; from Polish kiełbasa [kʲɛwˈbasa]) is any type of meat sausage from Poland, and a staple of Polish cuisine. In American English
War of the Polish Succession (3,572 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The War of the Polish Succession (Polish: Wojna o sukcesję polską; 1733–35) was a major European conflict sparked by a Polish civil war over the succession
Polish–Ukrainian War (8,601 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish–Ukrainian War of November 1918 and 1919 was a conflict between the Second Polish Republic and Ukrainian forces (both the West Ukrainian People's
Józef Razowski (215 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Józef Razowski, (born 4 April 1932) is a Polish entomologist and lepidopterist specializing in Tortricidae. Between 1953 and 2006, he described 1744 Lepidopteran
Lech Poznań (4,653 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lech Poznań (Polish pronunciation: [lɛx ˈpɔznaj̃]) is a Polish professional football club based in Poznań and currently competing in the Ekstraklasa,
SS-Truppenübungsplatz Heidelager (1,514 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
inmates were cremated in specially built funeral pyres. A third camp for Polish forced labourers was established in September 1942. The conditions were
Upper Silesia (3,250 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny Śląsk; Silesian: Gůrny Ślůnsk; Czech: Horní Slezsko; German: Oberschlesien; Silesian German: Oberschläsing; Latin: Silesia
Wisła Kraków (1,881 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kraków (Polish pronunciation: [ˈviswa ˈkrakuf]) is a Polish football club based in Kraków. Wisła play in the Ekstraklasa, the top level of the Polish football
Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship (544 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Świętokrzyskie Province, or Holy Cross Province (Polish: województwo świętokrzyskie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ ɕfʲɛntɔˈkʂɨskʲɛ]) is one of the
Elections in Poland (2,420 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1947 1st Polish election, 1919 2nd Polish election, 1922 3rd Polish election, 1928 4th Polish election, 1930 5th Polish election, 1935 6th Polish election
Sigismund III Vasa (9,900 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sigismund III Vasa (Polish: Zygmunt III Waza, Swedish: Sigismund, Lithuanian: Žygimantas Vaza; 20 June 1566 – 30 April 1632 N.S.), also known as Sigismund
Order of Polonia Restituta (1,119 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Order of Polonia Restituta (Polish: Order Odrodzenia Polski, English: Order of the Rebirth of Poland) is a Polish state order established 4 February
Grodno (4,321 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Belarusian: Гродна [ˈɣrɔdna]; Russian: Гродно, tr. Grodno, IPA: [ˈɡrodnə]; Polish: Grodno; Yiddish: גראָדנע‎, romanized: Grodne, Lithuanian: Gardinas; see
Łukasz Szumowski (461 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Łukasz Jan Szumowski (born 3 June 1972 in Warsaw) is a Polish cardiologist, since 9 January 2018, Minister of Health. Member of the IX Sejm, representing
Cursed soldiers (4,146 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
soldiers", "accursed soldiers" or "damned soldiers"; Polish: Żołnierze wyklęci) or "indomitable soldiers" (Polish: Żołnierze niezłomni) is a term applied to a
Polish–Muscovite War (1605–1618) (7,358 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
The Polish–Muscovite War, also known as the Polish–Russian War of 1605–1618 or the Dimitriads, was a conflict fought between the Tsardom of Russia and
Polish name (5,639 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish names have two main elements: the imię, the first name, or given name; and the nazwisko, the last name, family name (surname). The usage of personal
Duchy of Warsaw (2,265 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Duchy of Warsaw (Polish: Księstwo Warszawskie, French: Duché de Varsovie, German: Herzogtum Warschau) was a Polish state established by Napoleon I
Augustus II the Strong (3,382 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Augustus II the Strong (Polish: August II Mocny; German: August der Starke; Lithuanian: Augustas II; 12 May 1670 – 1 February 1733), also known in Saxony
Vehicle registration plates of Poland (2,451 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of registration of the vehicle encoded in the number plate. According to Polish law, the registration plate is tied to the vehicle, not the owner. There
Music of Poland (5,616 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Krakowiak, Kujawiak, Oberek and Polonaise (Polonez) are registered as Polish National Dances, originating in early Middle Ages. The oldest of them is
Andrzej Wajda (3,426 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Andrzej Witold Wajda (Polish: [ˈandʐɛj ˈvajda]; 6 March 1926 – 9 October 2016) was a Polish film and theatre director. Recipient of an Honorary Oscar
Józef Poniatowski (4,454 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Józef Antoni Poniatowski (Polish pronunciation: [ˈjuzɛf anˈtɔɲi pɔɲaˈtɔfskʲi]; 7 May 1763 – 19 October 1813) was a Polish leader, general, minister of
Western betrayal (5,596 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
diplomatic, military, and moral obligations with respect to the Czechoslovak and Polish nations during the prelude to and aftermath of World War II. It also sometimes
Ignacy Jan Paderewski (4,320 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ignacy Jan Paderewski (Polish: [iɡˈnatsɨ ˈjan padɛˈrɛfskʲi]; 18 November [O.S. 6 November] 1860 – 29 June 1941) was a Polish pianist and composer who
Operation Tempest (3,075 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Operation Tempest (Polish: akcja „Burza”, sometimes referred in English as Operation Storm) was a series of anti-Nazi uprisings conducted during World
Battle of Warsaw (1920) (5,068 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Vistula, was a series of battles that resulted in a decisive Polish victory in 1920 during the Polish–Soviet War. Poland, on the verge of total defeat, repulsed
Sopot (3,377 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
German pronunciation). "Sopot" was made the official Polish name when the town came again under Polish rule in 1945. The area of today's Sopot contains the
West Prussia (2,668 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of West Prussia (German: Provinz Westpreußen; Kashubian: Zôpadné Prësë; Polish: Prusy Zachodnie) was a province of Prussia from 1773 to 1829 and 1878 to
Polish Academy of Sciences (844 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Academy of Sciences (Polish: Polska Akademia Nauk, PAN) is a Polish state-sponsored institution of higher learning. Headquartered in Warsaw
Polish Academy of Sciences (844 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Academy of Sciences (Polish: Polska Akademia Nauk, PAN) is a Polish state-sponsored institution of higher learning. Headquartered in Warsaw
Arthur Rubinstein (3,672 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Arthur Rubinstein KBE OSE GOSE (Polish: Artur Rubinstein; 28 January 1887 – 20 December 1982) was a Polish American classical pianist. He is widely regarded
List of cities and towns in Poland (922 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
major Polish cities. The table ranks cities by population based on data from the Central Statistical Office of Poland. Note that in the Polish system
Kashubians (5,768 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Kashubians (Kashubian: Kaszëbi; Polish: Kaszubi; German: Kaschuben), also known as Cassubians or Kashubs, are a Lechitic (West Slavic) ethnic group
1968 Polish political crisis (7,920 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish 1968 political crisis, also known in Poland as March 1968, Students' March, or March events (Polish: Marzec 1968; studencki Marzec; wydarzenia
Polish Corridor (7,887 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Corridor (German: Polnischer Korridor; Polish: Pomorze, Korytarz polski), also known as the Danzig Corridor, Corridor to the Sea or Gdańsk Corridor
National Radical Camp (2,618 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
National Radical Camp (Polish: Obóz Narodowo-Radykalny, ONR) refers to at least three groups that are far-right fascist Polish ultranationalist organisations
Górnik Zabrze (1,187 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Górnik Zabrze (Polish pronunciation: [ˈɡurɲiɡ ˈzabʐɛ]) is a Polish football club from Zabrze. Górnik is one of the most successful Polish football clubs
Gliwice (4,403 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Poles established various Polish organizations, including the "Sokół" Polish Gymnastic Society, and published local Polish newspapers. According to the
Gazeta Wyborcza (1,074 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Gazeta Wyborcza (Polish pronunciation: [ɡaˈzɛta vɨˈbɔrtʂa]; Electoral Gazette in English) is a daily newspaper published in Warsaw, Poland. Covering the
Janusz Korwin-Mikke (1,783 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Janusz Korwin-Mikke (Polish: [ˈjanuʂ ˈkɔrvʲin ˈmʲikkɛ]; born 27 October 1942) is a far-right Polish politician and publicist. He was a member of the European
Polish–Lithuanian War (7,062 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish–Lithuanian War was an armed conflict between newly independent Lithuania and Poland in the aftermath of World War I. The conflict primarily
Economy of Poland (4,535 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
avoid a recession through the 2007–08 economic downturn. As of 2019 the Polish economy has been growing steadily for the past 28 years, a record high in
Administrative divisions of Poland (776 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
current system was introduced pursuant to a series of acts passed by the Polish parliament in 1998, and came into effect on 1 January 1999. Previously (in
Greater Poland uprising (1918–19) (3,889 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Greater Poland uprising of 1918–1919, or Wielkopolska uprising of 1918–1919 (Polish: powstanie wielkopolskie 1918–19 roku; German: Großpolnischer Aufstand)
Wojciech Jaruzelski (4,957 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
US: /- ˌjɑːruːˈ-/ -⁠ YAR-oo-, Polish: [ˈvɔjtɕɛɣ ˈvitɔlt jaruˈzɛlskʲi] (listen); 6 July 1923 – 25 May 2014) was a Polish military officer, politician and
Tatra Mountains (3,595 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Mountains, Tatras, or Tatra (Tatry either in Slovak (pronounced [ˈtatri]) or in Polish (pronounced [ˈtatrɨ]) - plurale tantum), is a mountain range that forms
Royal Prussia (1,628 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Prussia (Polish: Prusy Królewskie; German: Königlich-Preußen or Preußen Königlichen Anteils, Kashubian: Królewsczé Prësë) or Polish Prussia (Polish: Prusy
Polish State Railways (2,849 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polskie Koleje Państwowe SA (PKP SA; English: Polish State Railways, Inc.) is the dominant railway operator in Poland. The company was founded when the
Radom (2,672 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Radom (UK: /ˈrɑːdɒm/ RAH-dom, Polish: [ˈradɔm] (listen); Yiddish: ראָדעם‎, romanized: Rodem) is a city in east-central Poland, located 100 kilometres (62
Crimean Karaites (4,812 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the former Russian Empire. "Karaim" is a Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Polish and Lithuanian name for the community.[citation needed] Turkic-speaking
I liga (963 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
I liga (Polish: Pierwsza liga, Polish pronunciation: [ˈpjɛrfʂa ˈliɡa]), currently named Fortuna I liga due to sponsorship reasons by Fortuna, is the men's
Kingdom of Poland (1385–1569) (9,990 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
The Kingdom of Poland (Polish: Królestwo Polskie; Latin: Regnum Poloniae) was a Hereditary-Monarchy state that in 1385 strengthened its relationship with
Poznań protests of 1956 (2,316 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
as Poznań June (Polish: Poznański Czerwiec), were the first of several massive protests against the communist government of the Polish People's Republic
Coat of arms of Poland (2,056 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
herb or the coat of arms of Finland). This stems from the fact that in Polish heraldry, the word godło (plural: godła) means only a heraldic charge (in
Prime Minister of Poland (4,753 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
president of the Council of Ministers (Polish: Prezes Rady Ministrów), colloquially referred to as the prime minister (Polish: premier), is the leader of the
TVN (Polish TV channel) (2,049 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
TVN is a Polish free-to-air television station. The broadcaster was co-founded by Polish businessmen Mariusz Walter, Jan Wejchert and Swiss entrepreneur
Jadwiga of Poland (6,958 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Jadwiga (Polish: [jadˈvʲiɡa] (listen)), also known as Hedwig (Hungarian: Hedvig; 1373/4 – 17 July 1399), was the first female monarch of the Kingdom of
List of Polish people (1,433 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
This is a partial list of notable Polish or Polish-speaking or -writing people. People of partial Polish heritage have their respective ancestries credited
Democratic Left Alliance (1,991 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Democratic Left Alliance (since February 2020 officially known as the New Left) (Polish: Nowa Lewica, NL) is a social-democratic political party in Poland. It was
Second Northern War (4,971 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Little Northern War) was fought between Sweden and its adversaries the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1655–60), the Moscow Tsardom (1656–58), Brandenburg-Prussia
Władysław IV Vasa (5,737 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
his death in 1648. Władysław IV was the eldest son of Sigismund III Vasa (Polish: Zygmunt III Waza) and his wife, Anna Habsburg of Austria. Born into the
Casimir III the Great (1,849 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Casimir III the Great (Polish: Kazimierz III Wielki; 30 April 1310 – 5 November 1370) reigned as the King of Poland from 1333 to 1370. He was the third
Russo-Polish War (1654–1667) (1,783 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
The Russo-Polish War of 1654–1667, also called the Thirteen Years' War, First Northern War, War for Ukraine or Russian Deluge (Polish: Potop rosyjski
Senate of Poland (3,261 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Senate (Polish: Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament, the lower house being the Sejm. The history of the Polish Senate stretches back
Virtuti Militari (3,671 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The War Order of Virtuti Militari (Latin: "For Military Virtue", Polish: Order Wojenny Virtuti Militari) is Poland's highest military decoration for heroism
WP (186 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
German Middle Class, a political party of Weimar Germany Wojsko Polskie, the Polish Armed Forces Workers' Party (Singapore), a political party in Singapore
Kościuszko Uprising (4,663 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kościuszko in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Prussian partition in 1794. It was a failed attempt to liberate the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Livonian War (7,257 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
war with his successes between 1578 and 1581, including the joint Swedish–Polish–Lithuanian offensive at the Battle of Wenden. This was followed by an extended
Przemyśl (3,484 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(in Polish). Retrieved 2017-07-26. (in Polish) Municipal website (in Polish) Powiat of Przemyśl (Przemyśl County) (in Polish) Przemyśl 24/7 (in Polish) Photo-blog
Felix Dzerzhinsky (4,242 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (Polish: Feliks Dzierżyński [ˈfɛliɡz dʑɛrˈʐɨj̃skʲi]; Russian: Фе́ликс Эдму́ндович Дзержи́нский; 11 September  [O.S. 30 August] 1877 –
Recovered Territories (9,516 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Recovered Territories (Polish: Ziemie Odzyskane, literally Regained Lands, later informally called Polish: Ziemie Zachodnie, literally Western Lands) was
Time of Troubles (2,430 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
years of Fyodor's death. Russia was occupied by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth during the Polish–Muscovite War (also known as the Dimitriads) until
Kresy (6,689 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
simply Kresy (Polish pronunciation: [ˈkrɛsɨ], Borderlands or Eastern Borderlands) was a term coined for the eastern part of the Second Polish Republic during
Stephen Báthory (2,691 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Stephen Báthory (Hungarian: Báthory István; Polish: Stefan Batory; Lithuanian: Steponas Batoras; 27 September 1533 – 12 December 1586) was Voivode of Transylvania
Polish Underground State (5,926 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Underground State (Polish: Polskie Państwo Podziemne, also known as the Polish Secret State) was a single political and military entity formed
Disco polo (4,257 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
sidewalk music (Polish: muzyka chodnikowa) or backyard music (Polish: muzyka podwórkowa). The PWN dictionary defines the genre as a Polish variant of disco
Flight and expulsion of Germans from Poland during and after World War II (10,228 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
deported 2.478 million Polish citizens from the Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany, murdered another 5.38–5.58 million Poles and Polish Jews and resettled
Czesław Miłosz (9,652 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
also US: /-lɔːʃ, ˈmiːwɒʃ, -wɔːʃ/, Polish: [ˈtʂɛswaf ˈmiwɔʂ] (listen); 30 June 1911 – 14 August 2004) was a Polish-American poet, prose writer, translator
Mateusz Morawiecki (2,203 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Mateusz Jakub Morawiecki (English: Mohra-vetzky; Polish: [mɔraviˈɛtskʲi]; born 20 June 1968) is a Polish economist, historian, and politician who has been
Czesław Miłosz (9,652 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
also US: /-lɔːʃ, ˈmiːwɒʃ, -wɔːʃ/, Polish: [ˈtʂɛswaf ˈmiwɔʂ] (listen); 30 June 1911 – 14 August 2004) was a Polish-American poet, prose writer, translator
Warsaw Chopin Airport (3,693 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Warsaw Chopin Airport (Polish: Lotnisko Chopina w Warszawie, Polish pronunciation: [lɔtˈɲiskɔ ʂɔpɛna]) (IATA: WAW, ICAO: EPWA) is an international airport
Lesser Poland (15,733 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lesser Poland, often known by its Polish name Małopolska (Latin: Polonia Minor), is a historical region situated in southern and south-eastern Poland.
Płock (2,034 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
capital of Poland. Its cathedral contains the sarcophagi of a number of Polish monarchs. Later on, it was a royal city of Poland. It is the cultural, academic
Potato pancake (1,728 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
pankūkas), Lithuanian (as bulviniai blynai), Luxembourg (Gromperekichelcher), Polish (as placki ziemniaczane), Romanian (as tocini or tocinei), Russian (as драники
Śląsk Wrocław (1,357 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
known as WKS Śląsk Wrocław, Śląsk Wrocław (Polish pronunciation: [ɕlɔ̃sk ˈvrɔtswaf]) or simply Śląsk, is a Polish football club based in Wrocław that plays
Augustus III of Poland (4,397 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Augustus III (Polish: August III Sas, Lithuanian: Augustas III; 17 October 1696 – 5 October 1763) was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1734
Katarzyna Agnieszka Ludwika Sapieha (30 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Katarzyna Agnieszka Ludwika Sapieha (1718-1779), was a Polish noblewoman. She is foremost known for her political activity. She was a supporter and participant
Polish prisoners-of-war in the Soviet Union after 1939 (2,784 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
hundreds of thousands of Polish soldiers became prisoners of war in the Soviet Union. Many of them were executed; 22,000 Polish military personnel and civilians
Polish Basketball League (770 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(English: Polish Basketball League) is a professional men's club basketball league in Poland. It constitutes the first and highest-tier level of the Polish league
Silesian Uprisings (3,124 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Oberschlesien; Polish: Powstania śląskie) were a series of three civil wars in Upper Silesia from August 1919 to July 1921 between Polish separatists and
Polish Cup (540 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Cup in football (Polish: Puchar Polski w piłce nożnej [ˌpuxar ˈpɔlskʲi], officially named Totolotek Polish Cup) is an elimination tournament
Polish hussars (2,729 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Hussars (/həˈzɑːr/, /həˈsɑːr/, or /hʊˈzɑːr/; Polish: Husaria [xuˈsarja]), or Winged Hussars, were one of the main types of Polish cavalry in
Duchy of Prussia (2,629 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Prussia (German: Herzogtum Preußen, Polish: Księstwo Pruskie) or Ducal Prussia (German: Herzogliches Preußen; Polish: Prusy Książęce) was a duchy in the
Polskie Radio (703 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polskie Radio Spółka Akcyjna (PR S.A.; English: Polish Radio) is Poland's national public-service radio broadcasting organization owned by the government
Constitution of 3 May 1791 (11,466 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1791 (Polish: Ustawa Rządowa, "Governance Act") was a constitution adopted by the Great Sejm ("Four-Year Sejm", meeting in 1788–92) for the Polish–Lithuanian
Karol Szymanowski (2,488 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Polish pronunciation: [ˌkarɔl ˌmat͡ɕɛj ʂɨmaˈnɔfskʲi]; 6 October 1882 – 29 March 1937) was a Polish composer and pianist, the most celebrated Polish composer
Ternopil (3,362 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
mentioning of the city (silver, averse) The city was founded in 1540 by Polish commander and Hetman Jan Amor Tarnowski, as a military stronghold and castle
Massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia (13,123 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia (Polish: rzeź wołyńska, literally: Volhynian slaughter; Ukrainian: Волинська трагедія, Volyn tragedy)
Bolesław I the Brave (5,877 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Brave (Polish: Bolesław Chrobry Polish (help·info), Czech: Boleslav Chrabrý; 967 – 17 June 1025), less often known as Bolesław the Great (Polish: Bolesław
Polish Air Forces in France and Great Britain (4,101 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Air Forces (Polskie Siły Powietrzne) was the name of the Polish Air Forces formed in France and the United Kingdom during World War II. The
Ministry of Public Security (Poland) (3,598 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
The Ministry of Public Security (Polish: Ministerstwo Bezpieczeństwa Publicznego), commonly known as UB or later SB, was the secret police, intelligence
Ruthenians (2,185 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ruthenian Greek Catholic religious background. The corresponding word in the Polish language is "rusini" and in Ukrainian language is "русини" (rusyny). Along
Olga Tokarczuk (3,474 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Olga Nawoja Tokarczuk ([tɔˈkart͡ʂuk]; born 29 January 1962) is a Polish writer, activist, and public intellectual who has been described in Poland as one
Bronisław Komorowski (2,037 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Bronisław Maria Komorowski (Polish pronunciation: [brɔˈɲiswaf kɔmɔˈrɔfskʲi] (listen); born 4 June 1952) is a Polish politician and historian who served
Stanisław Leszczyński (1,883 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Stanisław I Leszczyński (Polish pronunciation: [staˈɲiswaf lɛʂˈtʂɨj̃skʲi]; Lithuanian: Stanislovas Leščinskis; French: Stanislas Leszczynski; 20 October
Polish Socialist Party (884 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Socialist Party (Polish: Polska Partia Socjalistyczna, PPS) was a left-wing Polish political party. It was one of the most important parties
LGBT rights in Poland (10,198 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
overturned on appeal. Polish society tends to hold conservative views about issues dealing with LGBT rights. A majority of the Polish population is affiliated
Jagiellonian dynasty (4,939 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Duchy of Lithuania (converted in 1569 with the Treaty of Lublin into the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth) is the reason for the common appellation "Poland–Lithuania"
Piast Gliwice (900 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Gliwice Piast Sport Club") is a Polish football club based in Gliwice, Poland. In the 2018–19 season, Piast won its first Polish championship. The club was
Silesian language (4,088 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Silesian: ślōnskŏ gŏdka / ślůnsko godka [ˈɕlonskɔ ˈɡɔtka]; Czech: slezština; Polish: gwara śląska, język śląski, etnolekt śląski; German: Schlonsakisch, Wasserpolnisch
Babatunde Aiyegbusi (313 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Babatunde Łukasz Aiyegbusi (born 26 May 1988) is a Polish-Nigerian professional wrestler and former American football player currently signed with WWE
Institute of National Remembrance (4,191 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
against the Polish Nation (Polish: Instytut Pamięci Narodowej – Komisja Ścigania Zbrodni przeciwko Narodowi Polskiemu; IPN) is a Polish government institution
Parliament of Poland (763 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
both chambers, there are two types of groups: Clubs (Polish: kluby, klub (sg.)) and circles (Polish: koła, koło (sg.)). The primary difference between the
Jakub Błaszczykowski (2,505 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Jakub Błaszczykowski (Polish pronunciation: [ˈjakup ˈkuba ˌbwaʂtʂɨˈkɔfskʲi] (listen); born 14 December 1985) is a Polish professional footballer who plays
University of Wrocław (1,698 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The University of Wrocław (UWr; Polish: Uniwersytet Wrocławski; German: Universität Breslau; Latin: Universitas Wratislaviensis) is a public research university
Margo Dydek (785 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
April 1974 – 27 May 2011), known as Margo Dydek in the United States, was a Polish professional basketball player. Standing 7 ft 2 in (2.18 m) tall, she was
Wisława Szymborska (1,930 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Maria Wisława Anna Szymborska (Polish: [viˈswava ʂɨmˈbɔrska]; 2 July 1923 – 1 February 2012) was a Polish poet, essayist, translator and recipient of the
Reverse Polish notation (3,434 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Reverse Polish notation (RPN), also known as Polish postfix notation or simply postfix notation, is a mathematical notation in which operators follow
Jagiellonia Białystok (3,471 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Polish pronunciation: [jaɡʲɛˈlɔɲa bjaˈwɨstɔk]) is a Polish football club based in Białystok that plays in the Ekstraklasa, the top level of Polish football
Sigismund II Augustus (5,408 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sigismund II Augustus (Polish: Zygmunt II August, Lithuanian: Žygimantas Augustas; 1 August 1520 – 7 July 1572) was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania
Kołobrzeg (5,468 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Poland, it became seat of the Diocese of Kołobrzeg, one of five oldest Polish dioceses. During the High Middle Ages, the town was expanded with an additional
Bar Confederation (2,602 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Bar Confederation (Polish: Konfederacja barska; 1768–1772) was an association of Polish nobles (szlachta) formed at the fortress of Bar in Podolia
Zbigniew Boniek (1,858 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Boniek (Polish pronunciation: [ˈzbiɡɲɛv ˈbɔɲɛk]; born 3 March 1956) is a Polish former footballer and manager and the current head of the Polish Football
Jedwabne pogrom (8,209 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Jedwabne pogrom was a massacre of Polish Jews in the town of Jedwabne, German-occupied Poland, on 10 July 1941, during World War II and the early stages
Oświęcim (1,832 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Oświęcim (Polish: [ɔɕˈfjɛɲtɕim] (listen); German: Auschwitz; Yiddish: אָשפּיצין‎, romanized: Oshpitzin) is a town in the Lesser Poland (Polish: Małopolska)
John II Casimir Vasa (2,716 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
John II Casimir (Polish: Jan II Kazimierz Waza; Lithuanian: Jonas Kazimieras Vaza; 22 March 1609 – 16 December 1672) was King of Poland and Grand Duke
Casimir IV Jagiellon (2,112 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Casimir IV (in full Casimir IV Andrew Jagiellon; Polish: Kazimierz IV Andrzej Jagiellończyk [kaˈʑimi̯ɛʒ jaɡi̯ɛlˈlɔɲt͡ʃɨk] (listen); Lithuanian: Kazimieras
Jan Matejko (3,060 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Alojzy) Matejko (Polish pronunciation: [jan aˈlɔjzɨ maˈtɛjko] (listen); also known as Jan Mateyko; 24 June 1838 – 1 November 1893) was a Polish painter known
Jan Matejko (3,060 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Alojzy) Matejko (Polish pronunciation: [jan aˈlɔjzɨ maˈtɛjko] (listen); also known as Jan Mateyko; 24 June 1838 – 1 November 1893) was a Polish painter known
History of Poland during the Piast dynasty (6,845 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
10th and 14th centuries is the first major stage of the history of the Polish nation. The dynasty was founded by a series of dukes listed by the chronicler
Polish poetry (261 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish poetry has a centuries-old history, similar to the Polish literature. Marcin Bielski (1495-1575); Polish historian, chronicler, writer and Renaissance
Roman Dmowski (7,380 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
January 1939) was a Polish politician, statesman, and co-founder and chief ideologue of the National Democracy ("ND": in Polish, "Endecja") political
Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (2,966 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Adam Mickiewicz University (Polish: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu; Latin: Universitas Studiorum Mickiewicziana Posnaniensis) is a research
2019–20 Ekstraklasa (1,670 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
reasons) is the 94th season of the Polish Football Championship and the 86th season of the Ekstraklasa, the top Polish professional league for association
Polish orthography (2,719 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
considered for merging. › Polish orthography is the system of writing the Polish language. The language is written using the Polish alphabet, which derives
Polish Braille (243 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish Braille (alfabet Braille'a) is a braille alphabet for writing the Polish language. It is based on international braille conventions, with the following
Zagłębie Lubin (1,144 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
KGHM Zagłębie Lubin (Polish pronunciation: [zaˈɡwɛmbjɛ ˈlubin]) is a Polish professional football club based in Lubin, Poland. It was founded in 1945 as
Aleksander Kwaśniewski (3,486 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Aleksander Kwaśniewski (Polish pronunciation: [alɛˈksandɛr kfaɕˈɲɛfskʲi] (listen); born 15 November 1954) is a Polish politician and journalist. He served
Polish Legions (Napoleonic period) (4,847 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
The Polish Legions (Polish: Legiony Polskie we Włoszech; also known as the Dąbrowski Legions) in the Napoleonic period, were several Polish military units
Polonization (7,429 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polonization (or Polonisation; Polish: polonizacja) is the acquisition or imposition of elements of Polish culture, in particular the Polish language. This was experienced
Władysław Szpilman (3,159 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Władysław Szpilman (Polish pronunciation: [vwaˈdɨswaf ˈʂpʲilman]; 5 December 1911 – 6 July 2000) was a Polish pianist and classical composer of Jewish
Catholic Church in Poland (1,827 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
political role in the country. Identifying oneself as Catholic distinguished Polish culture and nationality from neighboring Germany, especially eastern and
List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland (10,896 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
aleksandrow-lodzki.pl (in Polish). Gmina Aleksandrów Łódzki. Retrieved 23 September 2019. "Miasta partnerskie". andrychow.eu (in Polish). Gmina Andrychów. Retrieved
Implementation Force (1,480 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1996 to Germany. One of MND-N's components was the Nordic-Polish Brigade (NORDPOLBDE) (Polish: Brygada Nordycko-Polska) which was a multinational brigade
Rescue of Jews by Poles during the Holocaust (11,992 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish Jews were among the primary victims of the German-organized Holocaust. Throughout the German occupation of Poland, many Poles rescued Jews from
Joseph Rotblat (4,016 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sir Joseph Rotblat KCMG CBE FRS (4 November 1908 – 31 August 2005) was a Polish physicist, a self-described "Pole with a British passport". Rotblat worked
Romanticism in Poland (716 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Poland, a literary, artistic and intellectual period in the evolution of Polish culture, began around 1820, coinciding with the publication of Adam Mickiewicz's
Ponary massacre (2,349 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Ponary massacre or Paneriai massacre (Polish: zbrodnia w Ponarach) was the mass murder of up to 100,000 people, mostly Jews, Poles, and Russians by
Province of Silesia (1,278 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Province of Silesia (German: Provinz Schlesien; Polish: Prowincja Śląska; Silesian: Prowincyjŏ Ślōnskŏ) was a province of Prussia from 1815 to 1919
Ghetto uprisings (930 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Following the German and Soviet invasion of Poland in September 1939, Polish Jews were targeted from the outset. Within months inside occupied Poland
Peace of Riga (2,702 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Peace of Riga, also known as the Treaty of Riga (Polish: Traktat Ryski), was signed in Riga on 18 March 1921, among Poland, Soviet Russia (acting also
Arkadiusz Milik (2,570 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Krystian Milik ([arˈkadjuʂ ˈmilik] (listen); born 28 February 1994) is a Polish professional footballer who plays as a striker for Italian club Napoli and
Nickelodeon (Polish TV channel) (200 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Nickelodeon Poland (Polish: Nickelodeon Polska), also simply called Nick Poland, is a children's channel broadcasting in Poland. The channel broadcasts
Poland Is Not Yet Lost (5,492 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Mazurek Dąbrowskiego" (Polish pronunciation: [maˈzurɛɡ dɔmbrɔfˈskʲɛɡɔ], English: "Dąbrowski's Mazurka"), in English officially known by its incipit "Poland
Lipka Tatars (3,363 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Lipka Tatars (also known as Polish–Lithuanian Tatars, Lipkowie, Lipcani or Muślimi) are a group of Tatars who originally settled in the Grand Duchy
University of Lviv (3,718 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The University of Lviv (Ukrainian: Львівський університет, Polish: Uniwersytet Lwowski, German: Universität Lemberg, briefly known as the Theresianum in
Cinema of Poland (2,278 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cinematography, and it has universally recognized achievements, even though Polish films tend to be less commercially available than films from several other
Rape during the Soviet occupation of Poland (2,482 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
" Joanna Ostrowska and Marcin Zaremba of the Polish Academy of Sciences wrote that rapes of the Polish women reached a mass scale during the Red Army's
Widzew Łódź (942 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
RTS Widzew Łódź (Polish pronunciation: [ˈɛr ˈtɛ ˈɛs ˈvʲidzɛf ˈwut͡ɕ]) is a Polish football club based in Łódź. The club was founded in 1910. Its official
Zaolzie (6,221 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Zaolzie [zaˈɔlʑɛ] (listen) is the Polish name for an area now in the Czech Republic which was disputed between interwar Poland and Czechoslovakia. The
Polish Canadians (1,054 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish Canadians (Polish: Polonia w Kanadzie, French: Canadiens polonais) are citizens of Canada with Polish ancestry, and Poles who immigrated to Canada
Irena Sendler (6,360 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(15 February 1910 – 12 May 2008), was a Polish humanitarian, social worker, and nurse who served in the Polish Underground Resistance during World War
TVP1 (795 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Telewizja Polska S.A.), Poland's national broadcaster. It was the first Polish channel to be broadcast and remains one of the most popular today. TVP1
Province of Posen (3,142 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Province of Posen (German: Provinz Posen, Polish: Prowincja Poznańska) was a province of Prussia from 1848 to 1919. Posen was established as a province
Leonard Chess (909 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(March 12, 1917 – October 16, 1969), best known as Leonard Chess, was a Polish-born American record company executive and the co-founder of Chess Records
Polish Orthodox Church (1,239 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Autocephalous Orthodox Church (Polish: Polski Autokefaliczny Kościół Prawosławny), commonly known as the Polish Orthodox Church, or (Orthodox)
No. 300 Polish Bomber Squadron (575 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
No. 300 (Polish) "Land of Masovia" Bomber Squadron (Polish: 300 Dywizjon Bombowy "Ziemi Mazowieckiej") was one of several Polish squadrons in the Royal
Gniezno (2,414 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
surrounded by some fortified suburbs and open settlements. According to the Polish version of a legend, three brothers went hunting together but each of them
West Ukrainian People's Republic (4,704 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
largest city, Lviv (Polish: Lwów, German: Lemberg), had a majority Polish population and was considered to be one of the most important Polish cities. The oil
No. 302 Polish Fighter Squadron (798 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
No. 302 (City of Poznan) Polish Fighter Squadron RAF (Polish: 302 Dywizjon Myśliwski "Poznański") was a Polish fighter squadron formed in Great Britain
Territories of Poland annexed by the Soviet Union (2,732 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
eastern territories, at the expense of losing its eastern regions. The Polish People's Republic regime described the territories as the "Recovered Territories"
Białystok Ghetto uprising (929 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Białystok". Virtual Shtetl. Museum of the History of Polish Jews. Retrieved April 8, 2012. Translated from Polish to Hebrew by Tzipora Eker-Survitz. Translated
Sigismund I the Old (3,753 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sigismund I the Old (Polish: Zygmunt I Stary, Lithuanian: Žygimantas I Senasis; 1 January 1467 – 1 April 1548) was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania
Polonia Warsaw (4,218 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polonia Warsaw (Polish: Polonia Warszawa, pronounced [pɔˈlɔɲa varˈʂava]), founded on 19 November 1911, is the oldest existing Warsaw sports club, with
Radosław Sikorski (5,543 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sikorski ([raˈdɔswaf ɕiˈkɔrskʲi] (listen); born 23 February 1963) is a Polish politician and journalist who is a Member of European Parliament. He was
Korona Kielce (1,484 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kielce, Polish pronunciation: [kɔˈrɔna ˈkʲɛltsɛ], (Korona – Crown – symbol of club and city, Kielce – name of city where club is based) is a Polish football
History of Poland (1989–present) (3,090 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
which put an end to the Polish People's Republic and led to the foundation of a democratic government, known as the Third Polish Republic (following the
Artur Boruc (6,352 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Artur Boruc (Polish pronunciation: [ˈartur ˈbɔrut͡s]; born 20 February 1980) is a Polish professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Premier
Pogoń Szczecin (954 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
MKS Pogoń Szczecin (Polish pronunciation: [ˌɛmkaˈɛs ˌpɔɡɔj̃ ˈʂtʂɛtɕin]) is a Polish professional football club, based in Szczecin, West Pomeranian Voivodeship
No. 315 Polish Fighter Squadron (651 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
No. 315 (City of Deblin) Polish Fighter Squadron (Polish: 315 Dywizjon Myśliwski "Dębliński") was one of several Polish squadrons in the Royal Air Force
Culture of Poland (3,321 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The culture of Poland (Polish: Kultura polska) is the product of its geography and distinct historical evolution which is closely connected to its intricate
Robert Biedroń (1,608 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Robert Biedroń (Polish pronunciation: [ˈrɔbɛrt ˈbjedrɔɲ]; born 13 April 1976) is a Polish politician, former mayor of Słupsk and LGBT activist. He was
Jerzy Neyman (832 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
16, 1894 – August 5, 1981), born Jerzy Spława-Neyman (Polish: [jɛʐɨ spwava nɛjman]), was a Polish mathematician and statistician who spent the first part
Polish Armed Forces rank insignia (768 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
This article presents the military ranks of the entire Polish Armed Forces as well as the rank insignia used today. The system of rank insignia is a direct
Wisła Płock (465 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Wisła Płock (Polish pronunciation: [ˈviswa ˈpwɔtsk]) is a Polish football club based in Płock, Poland. 1947: Elektryczność Płock 1950: ZS Ogniwo Płock
Ruch Chorzów (2,450 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ruch Chorzów (Polish pronunciation: [ˈrux ˈxɔʐuf]) is a Polish association football club based in Chorzów, Upper Silesia. It is one of the most successful
Soviet reaction to the Polish crisis of 1980–1981 (1,361 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish crisis of 1980–1981, associated with the emergence of the Solidarity mass movement in Poland, challenged the Soviet Union's control over its
Polish contribution to World War II (8,026 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish Squadron 303 after 31st August 1940 and 34 also of entirely Polish Squadron 302. Other instances of service flying French planes in the Polish
History of Solidarity (6,828 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The history of Solidarity (Polish: Solidarność, pronounced [sɔliˈdarnɔɕt͡ɕ] (listen)), a Polish non-governmental trade union, began on August 14, 1980
Usedom (1,112 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Usedom (German: Usedom [ˈuːzədɔm], Polish: Uznam [ˈuznam]) is a Baltic Sea island in Pomerania, divided between Germany and Poland. It is the second biggest
Nowy Sącz (2,280 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Nowy Sącz (Polish pronunciation: [ˈnɔvɨ ˈsɔnt͡ʂ]; Hungarian: Újszandec) is a city in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship of southern Poland. It is the district
No. 308 Polish Fighter Squadron (254 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
No. 308 "City of Kraków" Polish Fighter Squadron RAF (Polish: 308 Dywizjon Myśliwski "Krakowski") was one of several Polish squadrons in the Royal Air
ORP Bielik (2003) (79 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Svenner (S309), is one of four Kobben-class submarines in service with the Polish Navy. The vessel and its sister ships were built in the period 1964–1967
Starosta (577 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ukrainian, and Polish weddings, similar to the stari svat (стари сват) at Serbian weddings. In the Kingdom of Poland and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Religion in Poland (2,153 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(GUS)); according to the Institute for Catholic Church Statistics, 36.7% of Polish Catholic believers attended Sunday Mass in 2015. Poland is one of the most
Second Partition of Poland (1,357 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ended the existence of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth by 1795. The second partition occurred in the aftermath of the Polish–Russian War of 1792 and the
1988 Polish strikes (2,523 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The 1988 Polish strikes were a massive wave of workers' strikes which broke out in 1988 in the Polish People's Republic. The strikes, as well as street
No. 316 Polish Fighter Squadron (248 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
No. 316 "City of Warsaw" Polish Fighter Squadron (Polish: 316 Dywizjon Myśliwski "Warszawski") was a Polish fighter squadron formed in Great Britain as
Polish population transfers (1944–1946) (4,526 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
The Polish population transfers in 1944–46 from the eastern half of prewar Poland (also known as the expulsions of Poles from the Kresy macroregion), refer
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Poland) (1,116 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych) is the Polish government department tasked with maintaining Poland's international relations
Comedy Central (Polish TV channel) (439 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Comedy Central is a Polish pay television channel focusing on comedy which was launched on 19 October 2006. It was the first channel outside the United
Bytom (1,755 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Bytom (Polish pronunciation: [ˈbɨtɔm] (listen); Silesian: Bytōń, German: Beuthen O.S.) is a city with powiat rights in southern Poland, in Silesia, in
Stanisław Moniuszko (365 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Moniuszko (Polish pronunciation: [stãˈɲiswaf mɔ̃ˈɲuʃkɔ]; May 5, 1819, Ubiel, Minsk Governorate – June 4, 1872, Warsaw, Congress Poland) was a Polish composer
French polish (794 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
French polishing is a wood finishing technique that results in a very high gloss surface, with a deep colour and chatoyancy. French polishing consists
Żubrówka (675 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Polish pronunciation: [ʐuˈbrufka] (listen); Russian: зубровка, romanized: zubrovka; Belarusian: зуброўка, romanized: zubroŭka) is a flavored Polish vodka
No. 301 Polish Bomber Squadron (2,170 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
No. 301 Polish Bomber Squadron "Land of Pomerania" (Polish: 301 Dywizjon Bombowy "Ziemi Pomorskiej") was a Polish World War II bomber (1940-1943) and
Pomerelia (3,103 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Pommerellen), also referred to as Eastern Pomerania or Gdańsk Pomerania (Polish: Pomorze Wschodnie, Pomorze Gdańskie), is a historical sub-region of Pomerania
Polish–Czechoslovak War (2,307 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
held by Polish forces to prevent elections to the Polish Sejm in the disputed territory and the local population's contributions to the Polish army. The
Mariusz Pudzianowski (2,981 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Pudzianowski (Polish pronunciation: [ˈmarjuʂ pudʑaˈnɔfskʲi]; born 7 February 1977), known in Poland as "Pudzian" and "Dominator" is a Polish former strongman
Juliusz Słowacki (4,233 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Juliusz Słowacki (Polish pronunciation: [ˈjuljuʂ swɔˈvat͡ski]; French: Jules Slowacki; 4 September 1809 – 3 April 1849) was a Polish Romantic poet. He
Anne Applebaum (4,373 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Her legal name is Anne Elizabeth Sikorska. She became a Polish citizen in 2013. She speaks Polish and Russian in addition to English. 1992 Charles Douglas-Home
No. 307 Polish Night Fighter Squadron (827 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
307 (City of Lwów) Polish Night Fighter Squadron (Polish: 307 Dywizjon Myśliwski Nocny "Lwowskich Puchaczy") was one of several Polish squadrons in the
Cross of Merit (Poland) (1,343 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
The Cross of Merit (Polish: Krzyż Zasługi) is a Polish civil state decoration established on June 23, 1923, to recognize services to the state. At the
Battle of Varna (1,664 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Bulgaria. The Ottoman Army under Sultan Murad II defeated the Hungarian–Polish and Wallachian armies commanded by Władysław III of Poland (also King of
Anarchism in Poland (236 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Prior to Polish independence from the Russian Empire, several anarchist organizations emerged within the area that would become the Second Polish Republic
Polish heraldry (3,604 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish heraldry refers to the study of coats of arms in the lands of historical Poland (and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). It focuses on specifically
Polish literature (3,789 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish literature is the literary tradition of Poland. Most Polish literature has been written in the Polish language, though other languages used in Poland
General Jewish Labour Bund in Poland (2,211 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
אַרבעטער בּונד אין פוילין‎ tr: Algemeyner yidisher arbeter bund in poyln, Polish: Ogólno-Żydowski Związek Robotniczy "Bund" w Polsce) was a Jewish socialist
Treasury (1,523 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
with divided functions. The State Treasury (Polish: Skarb Państwa) in Polish law represents the Polish state acting in the field of civil law relations
Martial law in Poland (5,800 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Martial law in Poland (Polish: Stan wojenny w Polsce) refers to the period between 13 December 1981 and 22 July 1983, when the authoritarian communist
Częstochowa Ghetto uprising (557 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
factories, manufacturing Throughout the life of this site, it housed 48,000 Polish Jews- of which, 40,000 were deported to Treblinka extermination camp. The
Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland (1,448 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland (Polish: Kościół Ewangelicko-Augsburski w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) is a Lutheran denomination
Polish Armed Forces in the West (4,434 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Armed Forces in the West (Polish: Polskie Siły Zbrojne na Zachodzie) refers to the Polish military formations formed to fight alongside the
Poland–Russia relations (3,990 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Poland–Russia relations (Polish: Stosunki polsko-rosyjskie, Russian: Российско-польские отношения) have a long but often turbulent history, dating to the
Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (3,030 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Frederick Augustus I (German: Friedrich August I.; Polish: Fryderyk August III Wettyn; 23 December 1750 – 5 May 1827) was a member of the House of Wettin
House of Vasa (5,512 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Vasaätten, Polish: Wazowie, Lithuanian: Vazos) was an early modern royal house founded in 1523 in Sweden, ruling Sweden 1523–1654, the Polish-Lithuanian
Andrzej Sapkowski (1,817 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Andrzej Sapkowski (Polish pronunciation: [ˈandʐɛj sapˈkɔfskʲi]; born 21 June 1948) is a Polish fantasy writer. He is best known for his book series, The
No. 309 Polish Fighter-Reconnaissance Squadron (99 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
No. 309 (Land of Czerwień) Polish Fighter-Reconnaissance Squadron was one of several Polish squadrons in the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the Second World
Third Partition of Poland (1,059 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the land of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth among Prussia, the Habsburg Monarchy, and the Russian Empire which effectively ended Polish–Lithuanian national
Andrzej Sapkowski (1,817 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Andrzej Sapkowski (Polish pronunciation: [ˈandʐɛj sapˈkɔfskʲi]; born 21 June 1948) is a Polish fantasy writer. He is best known for his book series, The
No. 309 Polish Fighter-Reconnaissance Squadron (99 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
No. 309 (Land of Czerwień) Polish Fighter-Reconnaissance Squadron was one of several Polish squadrons in the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the Second World
First Mongol invasion of Poland (1,902 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
invading Hungary. The Mongol general in charge, Subutai, did not want the Polish forces to be able to threaten his flank during the primary invasion of Hungary
Stanisława Walasiewicz (1,712 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
December 1980), also known as Stefania Walasiewicz, and Stella Walsh, was a Polish-American track and field athlete, who became a women's Olympic champion
Paweł Pawlikowski (1,215 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Paweł Aleksander Pawlikowski (Polish: [ˈpavɛw alɛˈksandɛr pavliˈkɔfskʲi]; born 15 September 1957) is a Polish filmmaker, who has lived and worked most
Poland–Russia relations (3,990 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Poland–Russia relations (Polish: Stosunki polsko-rosyjskie, Russian: Российско-польские отношения) have a long but often turbulent history, dating to the
No. 306 Polish Fighter Squadron (413 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
No. 306 (City of Torun) Polish Fighter Squadron (Polish: 306 Dywizjon Myśliwski "Toruński") was one of several Polish squadrons in the Royal Air Force
No. 305 Polish Bomber Squadron (500 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
No. 305 Polish Bomber Squadron "Ziemia Wielkopolska" ("Land of Greater Poland") (Polish: 305 Dywizjon Bombowy "Ziemi Wielkopolskiej im. Marszałka Józefa
No. 317 Polish Fighter Squadron (378 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
No. 317 "City of Wilno" Polish Fighter Squadron (Polish: 317 Dywizjon Myśliwski „Wileński") was a Polish fighter squadron formed in Great Britain as part
Ghetto benches (2,570 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ghetto benches (known in Polish as getto ławkowe) was a form of official segregation in the seating of university students, introduced in 1935 at the Lwow
Arka Gdynia (1,012 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Arka Gdynia (Polish pronunciation: [ˈarka ˈɡdɨɲa]) is a Polish professional football club, based in Gdynia, Poland, that plays in the Polish Ekstraklasa
Foreign relations of Poland (2,262 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
integration, to international development and to international law. The Polish economy is fairly open and relies strongly on international trade. Since
Jerzy Dudek (3,248 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Jerzy Henryk Dudek (Polish pronunciation: [ˈjɛʐɨ ˈdudɛk]; born 23 March 1973) is a Polish former footballer who played as a goalkeeper. After beginning
Loving Vincent (2,138 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
directed by Dorota Kobiela and Hugh Welchman, is a Polish-UK co-production, funded by the Polish Film Institute, and partially through a Kickstarter
History of philosophy in Poland (6,802 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish philosophy drew upon the broader currents of European philosophy, and in turn contributed to their growth. Among the most momentous Polish contributions
Poland in the Eurovision Song Contest (1,810 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
earlier contests had often been broadcast on Telewizja Polska (TVP), the Polish broadcaster. Poland's debut in the contest in 1994 remains its most successful
Polish Scouting and Guiding Association (2,052 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Scouting and Guiding Association (Polish: Związek Harcerstwa Polskiego, ZHP) is the coeducational Polish Scouting organization recognized by
Wawel Castle (4,834 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Wawel Castle (Polish pronunciation: [ˈvavɛl]; Zamek Królewski na Wawelu) is a castle residency located in central Kraków, Poland, and the first UNESCO
Zagłębie Sosnowiec (1,099 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Zagłębie Sosnowiec (Polish pronunciation: [zaɡˈwɛmbjɛ sɔsˈnɔvjɛts]) is a football (soccer) club based in Sosnowiec, Poland. The club was established in
Sandomierz (1,992 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lesser Poland, but also of the whole country. It was a royal city of the Polish Crown and a regional administrative centre from the High Middle Ages to
Constitution of Poland (1,840 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
April 1997. Formally known as the Constitution of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej), it replaced the Small Constitution
List of political parties in Poland (986 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ludowe, SL Polish People's Party PSL – Polish People's Party (agrarians) Polish People's Party "Piast" Polish People's Party "Wyzwolenie" Polish Socialist
Agnieszka Holland (3,754 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
28 November 1948) is a Polish film and television director and screenwriter. Best known for her political contributions to Polish cinema, Holland is one
History of Poland (1795–1918) (3,794 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
existence of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Nevertheless, events both within and outside the Polish lands kept hopes for restoration of Polish independence
Sebastian Janikowski (2,432 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sebastian Paweł Janikowski (Polish pronunciation: [sɛˈbastjan janiˈkɔfskʲi]; born March 2, 1978) is a former American football placekicker who played in
Żydokomuna (7,799 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Żydokomuna ([ʐɨdɔkɔˈmuna], Polish for "Judeo-Communism") is an antisemitic canard or a pejorative stereotype suggesting that most Jews collaborated with
No. 318 Polish Fighter-Reconnaissance Squadron (589 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
318 "City of Gdańsk" Polish Fighter-Reconnaissance Squadron (Polish: 318 Dywizjon Myśliwsko-Rozpoznawczy Gdański") was a Polish tactical reconnaissance
VH1 (Polish TV channel) (496 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Poland was a Polish pay television music channel from VIMN Polska. It was launched on December 1, 2005, replacing MTV Classic, another Polish MTV channel
Polish October (3,729 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish October, also known as October 1956, Polish thaw, or Gomułka's thaw, marked a change in the politics of Poland in the second half of 1956. Some
Zabrze (2,022 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Zabrze (/ˈzɑːbʒeɪ/; Polish pronunciation: [ˈzabʐɛ] (listen); German: 1915–1945: Hindenburg O.S., full form: Hindenburg in Oberschlesien, Silesian: Zŏbrze)
Ewa Kopacz (1,409 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kopacz (IPA: [ˈɛva ˈkɔpatʂ] (listen); born Ewa Lis on 3 December 1956) is a Polish politician and a Vice-President of the European Parliament. She was Prime
2019 Polish parliamentary election (1,472 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The 2019 Polish parliamentary elections were held on 13 October 2019. All 460 members of the Sejm and 100 senators of the Senate were elected. The ruling
Polish–Russian War of 1792 (4,876 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish-Russian War of 1792 (also, War of the Second Partition, and in Polish sources, War in Defence of the Constitution (Polish: wojna w obronie Konstytucji
West Slavic languages (800 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
languages are a subdivision of the Slavic language group. They include Polish, Czech, Slovak, Kashubian, Upper Sorbian and Lower Sorbian. The languages
List of Polish dishes (3,252 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
This is a list of dishes found in Polish cuisine. Barszcz - Its strictly vegetarian version is the first course during the Christmas Eve feast, served
List of wars involving Poland (1,063 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
chronological list of military conflicts in which Polish armed forces fought or took place on Polish territory from the reign of Mieszko I (960–992) to
Cross of Valour (Poland) (433 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
The Cross of Valour (Polish: Krzyż Walecznych) is a Polish military decoration. It was first introduced by the Council of National Defense on 11 August
Polish War Memorial (756 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish War Memorial is a war memorial in West London, England in memory of airmen from Poland who served in the Royal Air Force as part of the Polish
Battle of Somosierra (1,483 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
November 30, 1808, during the Peninsular War, when a combined Franco-Spanish-Polish force under the direct command of Napoleon Bonaparte forced a passage through
Jerzy Buzek (2,680 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Jerzy Karol Buzek [ˈjɛʐɨ ˈbuzɛk] (listen) (born 3 July 1940) is a Polish politician and Member of the European Parliament from Poland. He has served as
Polish Film School (254 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish Film School (Polish: Polska Szkoła Filmowa) refers to an informal group of Polish film directors and screenplay writers active between 1956 and
Suwałki (2,542 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
miles) from the southwestern Lithuanian border and gives its name to the Polish protected area known as Suwałki Landscape Park. The Czarna Hańcza river
Polish protests of 1970 (786 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish 1970 Strikes (Polish: Grudzień 1970, "December 1970") occurred in northern Poland in December 1970. The protests were sparked by a sudden increase
Polish Righteous Among the Nations (2,861 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
individuals who have been recognized by Yad Vashem of Jerusalem as the Polish Righteous Among the Nations, for saving Jews from extermination during the
Mazovia (1,923 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Mazovia (Polish: Mazowsze) is a historical region in mid-north-eastern Poland. It spans the North European Plain, roughly between Lodz and Bialystok, with
POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews (2,405 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews (Polish: Muzeum Historii Żydów Polskich) is a museum on the site of the former Warsaw Ghetto. The Hebrew word
Ypatingasis būrys (1,363 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ypatingasis būrys, Polish: Specjalny Oddział SD i Niemieckiej Policji Bezpieczeństwa, also colloquially strzelcy ponarscy ("Ponary riflemen" in Polish) (1941–1944)
Order of the White Eagle (Poland) (2,254 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
The Order of the White Eagle (Polish: Order Orła Białego) is Poland's highest order awarded to both civilians and the military for their merits. It was
PZL M28 Skytruck (2,376 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The PZL M28 Skytruck is a Polish STOL light cargo and passenger plane, produced by PZL Mielec, as a development of license-built Antonov An-28s. Early
Brody (2,022 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Brody (Ukrainian: Броди; Polish: Brody; German: Brody; Russian: Броды, romanized: Brody; Yiddish: בראָד‎, romanized: Brod) is a city in Lviv Oblast (region)
Bushel (963 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
them with metric mass equivalents. The German bushel was the Scheffel. The Polish bushel (korzec) was used as measure of dry capacity. It was divided into
Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz (512 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz (Polish pronunciation: [vwɔˈd͡ʑimjɛʂ t͡ɕimɔˈʂɛvit͡ʂ] (listen), born 13 September 1950) is a Polish left-wing politician who served
Sosnowiec (2,276 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sosnowiec (UK: /sɒsˈnɒvjɛts/, US: /-ˈnɔːv-, -ˈnoʊv-/, Polish: [sɔsˈnɔvjɛts] (listen)) is an industrial city county in the Dąbrowa Basin (Zagłębie Dąbrowskie)
Ida (film) (4,338 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Ida (Polish: [ˈida]) is a 2013 drama film directed by Paweł Pawlikowski and written by Pawlikowski and Rebecca Lenkiewicz. Set in Poland in 1962, it is
Order of Saint Stanislaus (1,013 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Saint Stanislaus (Polish: Order św. Stanisława Biskupa Męczennika, Russian: Орден Святого Станислава), also spelled Stanislas, was a Polish order of knighthood
Żubroń (447 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Żubroń (/ˈʒuːbrɒnj/; Polish: Żubroń [ˈʐubrɔɲ]) is a hybrid of domestic cattle and wisent. The wisent (żubr in Polish) is the European bison; hence, the
Głogów (1,753 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
total population of 71,686. The name of the town derives from głóg, the Polish name for hawthorn. Among the oldest towns in Poland, Głogów was founded
Poland–United States relations (3,792 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish–United States relations, alternatively known as the Polish–American relations, are the diplomatic, social, economic and cultural bilateral relations
Smolensk War (2,726 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Smolensk War (1632–1634) was a conflict fought between the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Russia. Hostilities began in October 1632 when Russian
ŁKS Łódź (674 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ŁKS (Łódzki Klub Sportowy; Polish pronunciation: [ˌɛwkaˈɛs ˈwut͡ɕ]) is a Polish sports club that is owned by Łódź city council. They are best known for
Lista Przebojów Programu Trzeciego (671 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Poland (such as Radio Luxemburg and the Polish section of the Radio Free Europe). Moreover, the contemporary Polish copyright laws were more liberal than
Royal Castle, Warsaw (6,264 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Warsaw (Polish: Zamek Królewski w Warszawie) is a castle residency that formerly served throughout the centuries as the official residence of the Polish monarchs
ORP Fala (147 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
a Polish patrol craft of the Project 912 class (NATO: Obluze Class). She was the first ship of a five-ship series, commissioned in 1965. Of a Polish design
Samborides (967 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Samborides (German: Samboriden) or House of Sobiesław (Polish: Sobiesławice) were a ruling dynasty in the historic region of Pomerelia. They were first
Polish Club (2,332 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish Club (Polish: Wspólny Język, literally "Common Language") is a bridge bidding system which was developed in Poland, where it is the most popular
Modern (political party) (666 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Modern (Polish: Nowoczesna, styled as .Nowoczesna) is a classical-liberal political party in Poland. The party was founded in May 2015 by the former World
Antoni Bolesław Dobrowolski (758 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Antoni Bolesław Dobrowolski (6 June 1872 – 27 April 1954) was a Polish geophysicist, meteorologist and explorer. Dobrowolski was born into an indigent
Education in Poland (2,472 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
reception class (Polish zerówka or klasa 0, literally Year 0). At the age of seven kids start the 1st grade of primary school (Polish szkoła podstawowa)
Union of Lublin (2,393 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lublin (Polish: unia lubelska; Lithuanian: Liublino unija) was signed on 1 July 1569, in Lublin, Poland, and created a single state, the Polish–Lithuanian
Second Peace of Thorn (1466) (433 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
von Thorn; Polish: drugi pokój toruński) was a peace treaty signed in the Hanseatic city of Thorn (Toruń) on 19 October 1466 between the Polish king Casimir
Polish Round Table Agreement (1,510 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Round Table Talks took place in Warsaw, Poland from 6 February to 5 April 1989. The government initiated the discussion with the banned trade
Royal elections in Poland (2,118 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
elections in Poland (Polish: wolna elekcja, lit. free election) was the election of individual kings, rather than of dynasties, to the Polish throne. Based on
Poland and the euro (5,896 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
replace its currency, the złoty, with the euro. There is no target date for Polish euro adoption, and no fixed date for when the country will join ERM-II (the
Battle of Westerplatte (4,854 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
naval shelling. Westerplatte's defense served as an inspiration for the Polish Army and people in the face of German advances elsewhere, and is still regarded
Silesians (3,585 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Schläsinger or Schläsier; Silesian: Ślůnzoki or Ślōnzoki; German: Schlesier; Polish: Ślązacy; Czech: Slezané) is a geographical term for the inhabitants of
Bug (river) (947 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
The Bug (Polish: Bug [buk] (listen)) or Western Bug (Ukrainian: Західний Буг, Zakhidnyy Buh, Belarusian: Захо́дні Буг, Zakhodni Buh; Russian: Западный
GKS Katowice (938 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
GKS Katowice (Polish pronunciation: [ɡʲɛ ka ˈɛs katɔˈvitsɛ]; GKS stands for Górniczy Klub Sportowy, "Miners Sporting Club") is a Polish football club
Janusz Kamiński (1,084 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Janusz Zygmunt Kamiński (Polish: [ˌjanuʂ kaˈmiɲskʲi]; born June 27, 1959) is a Polish cinematographer and director of film and television, who started
Łukasz Fabiański (2,818 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Łukasz Marek Fabiański (Polish pronunciation: [ˈwukaʂ faˈbʲaɲskʲi] (listen); born 18 April 1985) is a Polish professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper
Polish Legions in World War I (1,246 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Legions (Polish: Legiony Polskie) was a name of the Polish military force (the first active Polish army in generations) established in August
Former eastern territories of Germany (8,566 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ethnically Polish population, especially the Province of Posen (Greater Poland and Kuyavia), most of the province of West Prussia (see the Polish Corridor)
OLiS (129 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
is provided by ZPAV. This is a chart of best selling music albums in the Polish media market, involving 50 matches. This overview is based on data from
Rybnik (1,734 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
themselves as Polish in the 2002 National Census. Its density is 955.3 per km². Rybnik's demographic situation remains far better than most other Polish cities
Wojciech Fibak (506 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Wojciech Fibak (Polish pronunciation: [ˈvɔjtɕɛx ˈfibak]; popularly Wojtek Fibak [ˈvɔjtɛk -]; born 30 August 1952) is a Polish entrepreneur, art collector
Polsat Comedy Central Extra (144 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polsat Comedy Central Extra is a Polish pay television channel focusing on comedy from ViacomCBS Networks EMEAA. It was launched on 29 April 2010 as a
Krupnik (375 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Krupnik (Polish, Belarusian) or Krupnikas (Lithuanian) is a traditional sweet alcoholic drink similar to a liqueur, based on grain spirit (usually vodka)
Polsat (914 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polsat is a Polish free-to-air television channel that was launched on 5 December 1992 by Zygmunt Solorz-Żak. As of 2019, it is the most watched television
Silesian Autonomy Movement (1,764 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Silesian Autonomy Movement (Silesian: Ruch Autůnůmije Ślůnska, Polish: Ruch Autonomii Śląska, German: Bewegung für die Autonomie Schlesiens), abbreviated
PKN Orlen (1,441 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
PKN Orlen (Polish: Polski Koncern Naftowy Orlen) (WSE: PKN) is a major Polish state-owned oil refiner and petrol retailer. The corporation is a significant
Alfred Tarski (5,287 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
October 26, 1983), born Alfred Teitelbaum, was a Polish-American logician and mathematician of Polish-Jewish descent. Educated in Poland at the University
Kraków John Paul II International Airport (1,253 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
John Paul II International Airport (Polish: Kraków Airport im. Jana Pawła II since 4 September 2007; earlier in Polish: Międzynarodowy Port Lotniczy im.
Nicktoons (Central and Eastern Europe) (159 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Nicktoons (Polish: Nicktoons Polska) is the Central and Eastern Europe division of Nicktoons. It was released on 15 February 2018 (in Poland), on 1 April
Ignacy Krasicki (2,172 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Poets"), a critic of the clergy, Poland's La Fontaine, author of the first Polish novel, playwright, journalist, encyclopedist, and translator from French
Neumark (2,901 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Neumark (listen (help·info)), also known as the New March (Polish: Nowa Marchia) or as East Brandenburg (German: Ostbrandenburg (help·info)), was a
Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany (10,268 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of World War II, nearly a quarter of the entire territory of the Second Polish Republic was annexed by Nazi Germany and placed directly under the German
Zapiekanka (1,049 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
A zapiekanka (Polish pronunciation: [zapʲɛˈkaŋka]; plural: zapiekanki, pronounced [zapʲɛˈkaŋkʲi]) is an open-face sandwich made of half of a baguette or
Poles in the United Kingdom (15,153 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
as Polish-British people or Polish Britons, are Poles who are citizens of the United Kingdom. This includes people born in the UK who are of Polish descent
Jewish Combat Organization (1,230 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Jewish Combat Organization (Polish: Żydowska Organizacja Bojowa, ŻOB; Yiddish: ייִדישע קאַמף אָרגאַניזאַציע‎ Yidishe Kamf Organizatsie; often translated
Polish Wikipedia (599 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Wikipedia (Polish: Polskojęzyczna Wikipedia) is the Polish-language edition of Wikipedia, a free online encyclopedia. Founded on September
CBS Action (Polish TV channel) (79 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
CBS Action was a Polish pay television channel specialising in action, drama and murder-mysteries programs, launched on 3 December 2012. On 1 August 2012
List of Polish cheeses (249 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Marek Kosmulski described over 600 types of Polish cheeses manufactured between 1948 and 2019. Some Polish cheeses are protected by European Union law
Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany (10,268 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of World War II, nearly a quarter of the entire territory of the Second Polish Republic was annexed by Nazi Germany and placed directly under the German
Thirteen Years' War (1454–1466) (5,612 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
The Thirteen Years' War (German: Dreizehnjähriger Krieg; Polish: wojna trzynastoletnia), also called the War of the Cities, was a conflict fought in 1454–1466
Kielce pogrom (4,704 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
4 July 1946 by Polish soldiers, police officers, and civilians during which 42 Jews were killed and more than 40 were wounded. Polish courts later sentenced
Poland men's national ice hockey team (1,525 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
to have played below the Division I (former B Pool) level. Currently the Polish national team plays at the Division IB level, the third tier of the World
Lower Silesia (4,757 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lower Silesia (Polish: Dolny Śląsk; German: Niederschlesien; Czech: Dolní Slezsko; Latin: Silesia Inferior; Silesian German: Niederschläsing; Silesian:
Oskar R. Lange (1,875 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Oskar Ryszard Lange (27 July 1904 – 2 October 1965) was a Polish economist and diplomat. He is best known for advocating the use of market pricing tools
Hugo Kołłątaj (1,353 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
February 1812) was a prominent Polish constitutional reformer and educationalist, and one of the most prominent figures of the Polish Enlightenment. He served
Szymon Marciniak (178 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Szymon Marciniak (born 7 January 1981) is a Polish football referee. Marciniak was born in Płock, Poland. He became a FIFA listed referee in 2011. He refereed
Jack W. Szostak (1,277 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Szostak FRS (born November 9, 1952) is a Canadian American biologist of Polish British descent, Nobel Prize laureate, Professor of Genetics at Harvard
Kishka (food) (646 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Kishka or kishke (Belarusian кішка, kishka; Polish: kiszka / kaszanka; Romanian chişcă; Yiddish קישקע : kishke; Hebrew קישקע; Russian кишка; Ukrainian
List of Polish desserts (315 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
is a list of Polish desserts. Polish cuisine is a style of cooking and food preparation originating in or widely popular in Poland. Polish cuisine has
Operation Tractable (4,042 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Operation Tractable was the final attack conducted by Canadian and Polish troops, supported by a British tank brigade, during the Battle of Normandy during
Nalewka (833 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
since the 17th century and in Russia since the 19th century. While the Polish nalewka is an infusion, the Ukrainian/Russian nalivkas are made by filling
III liga (172 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
III Liga (Trzecia Liga) is a Polish football league that sits in the 4th tier of the Polish football league system. Until the end of the 2007–08 season
2015 Polish presidential election (1,928 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
order to be registered to contest the elections, candidates had to be a Polish citizen, at least 35 years old on the day of the first round of the election
Antoni Zygmund (659 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Antoni Zygmund (December 25, 1900 – May 30, 1992) was a Polish mathematician. He worked mostly in the area of mathematical analysis, including especially
Warta Poznań (253 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the Polish Football Championship, in 1929 and 1947, but currently reside in the Polish Second League, I liga. The name means the Guard in Polish and also
Wojtek (bear) (1,986 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Wojtek (1942–1963; Polish pronunciation: [ˈvɔjtɛk]; in English, sometimes spelled Voytek and pronounced as such) was a Syrian brown bear (Ursus arctos
2018–19 Ekstraklasa (1,495 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ekstraklasa was the 93rd season of the Polish Football Championship and the 85th season of the Ekstraklasa, the top Polish professional league for association
Navahrudak (1,702 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Navahrudak (Belarusian: Навагрудак, Russian: Новогрудок, Novogrudok; Polish: Nowogródek; Lithuanian: Naugardukas) is a city in the Grodno Region of Belarus
Warsaw University of Technology (1,624 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
22028°N 21.01056°E / 52.22028; 21.01056 The Warsaw University of Technology (Polish: Politechnika Warszawska, literally, "Warsaw Polytechnic") is one of the
Polish Workers' Party (7,375 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Workers' Party (Polish: Polska Partia Robotnicza, PPR) was a communist party in Poland from 1942 to 1948. It was founded as a reconstitution
Malbork (2,346 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
as the Order's headquarters, which was also the seat of the early modern Polish province of Royal Prussia. The town was built in Prussia around the fortress
Valley of Death (Bydgoszcz) (485 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Valley of Death (Polish: Dolina Śmierci) in Fordon, Bydgoszcz, northern Poland, is a site of Nazi German mass murder committed at the beginning of World
Pączki (1,588 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(/ˈpoʊntʃki/; Polish: [ˈpɔ̃tʂkʲi] (listen); singular: pączek [ˈpɔ̃tʂɛk]; Kashubian: pùrcle; Silesian: kreple) are filled doughnuts found in Polish cuisine.
Polish culture during World War II (9,192 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish culture during World War II was suppressed by the occupying powers of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, both of whom were hostile to Poland's people
Shoe polish (3,412 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Shoe polish (or boot polish) is a waxy paste, cream, or liquid used to polish, shine, and waterproof leather shoes or boots to extend the footwear's life
Władysław Gomułka (4,194 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Władysław Gomułka (Polish: [vwaˈdɨswaf ɡɔˈmuwka]; 6 February 1905 – 1 September 1982) was a Polish communist politician. He was the de facto leader of
Irena Szewińska (1,291 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Irena Szewińska, née Kirszenstein (Polish pronunciation: [iˈrɛna ʂɛˈviɲska]; 24 May 1946 – 29 June 2018) was a Polish sprinter who was one of the world's
No. 663 Squadron RAF (856 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
No. 663 Squadron RAF (Polish: 663 Polski Szwadron Powietrznych Punktów Obserwacyjnych) was an Air Observation Post (AOP) unit of the Royal Air Force (RAF)
1983 (TV series) (344 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
1983 is a Polish crime drama web television series created and written by Joshua Long, based on an original idea by Long and Maciej Musiał, set in an alternate
Bolesław Bierut (5,957 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Bierut ([bɔˈlɛswaf ˈbʲɛrut] (listen); 18 April 1892 – 12 March 1956) was a Polish politician, communist activist and de facto dictator of Poland between 1947
Łomża (2,673 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Łomża (Polish pronunciation: [ˈwɔmʐa]), in English known as Lomza, is a city in north-eastern Poland, approximately 150 kilometers (90 miles) to the north-east
II liga (756 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
II liga (Druga Liga, Polish pronunciation: [ˈdruɡa ˈlʲiɡa]) is a Polish football league that sits at the third tier of the Polish football league system
Battle of Legnica (2,488 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Battle of Legnica (Polish: bitwa pod Legnicą), also known as the Battle of Liegnitz (German: Schlacht von Liegnitz) or Battle of Wahlstatt (German:
Kingdom of Poland (1917–1918) (3,818 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Kingdom of Poland (Polish: Królestwo Polskie, German: Königreich Polen), also known informally as the Regency Kingdom of Poland (Polish: Królestwo Regencyjne)
List of Polish flags (1,143 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
A variety of Polish flags are defined in current Polish national law, either through an act of parliament or a ministerial ordinance. Apart from the national
Geography of Poland (5,244 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
region) Podlaskie (Polish: Podlasie, Polish: Podlaskie, Latin: Podlachia) Southern Podlasie (Polish: Podlasie Południowe) Pomerania (Polish: Pomorze, German:
Lemkos (3,644 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lemkos (Lemko: Лeмкы, Lemkŷ; Ukrainian: Лемки, Lemky; Polish: Łemkowie; sing. Лeмкo, Lemko) are an ethnic group inhabiting Lemkivshchyna, a part of Transcarpathia
Battle of Khotyn (1621) (2,564 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
battles which took place between 2 September and 9 October 1621 between a Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth army together with their allied Cossack troops and
League of Polish Families (1,968 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The League of Polish Families (Polish: Liga Polskich Rodzin, LPR) is a conservative political party in Poland, with many far-right elements in the past
Leszek Kołakowski (2,209 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Leszek Kołakowski (/ˌkɒləˈkɒfski/; Polish: [ˈlɛʂɛk kɔwaˈkɔfskʲi]; 23 October 1927 – 17 July 2009) was a Polish philosopher and historian of ideas. He
Polish SuperCup (187 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish SuperCup in football (official Polish title: Superpuchar Polski [Polish pronunciation: [supɛrˈpuxar ˈpɔlskʲi]]) is an annually held match between
Miedź Legnica (294 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Miedź Legnica is a Polish association football club based in Legnica, Poland. Miedź was founded in 1971. The club's manager is Dominik Nowak. The Sports
Tomasz Gollob (565 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
([ˈtɔmaʂ ˈɡɔlːɔp] (listen); born 11 April 1971 in Bydgoszcz, Poland) is a Polish motorcycle speedway rider who has appeared in every Speedway Grand Prix
Grudziądz (4,520 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
south-west of Kaliningrad. Initially Grudziądz was a defensive gród founded by Polish ruler Bolesław I the Brave. The settlement was re-fortified again from 1234
Cold War (2018 film) (1,871 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Cold War (Polish: Zimna wojna) is a 2018 historical drama film directed by Paweł Pawlikowski, who co-wrote the screenplay with Janusz Głowacki and Piotr
St. John Cantius Church (Chicago) (1,673 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
St. John Cantius Parish (Polish: Parafia Świętego Jana Kantego) is a historic church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago known for its solemn
2017–18 Ekstraklasa (1,548 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ekstraklasa was the 92nd season of the Polish Football Championship and the 84th season of the Ekstraklasa, the top Polish professional league for association
TVP2 (900 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
TVP2 (TVP Dwa, Program II Telewizji Polskiej, "Dwójka") is a Polish public mainstream TV channel operated by TVP. Its varied line-up contains all kinds
Rula Lenska (1,650 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(born Róża Maria Leopoldyna Łubieńska, 30 September 1947) is an English-Polish actress. She mainly appears in British stage and television productions
Islam in Poland (2,843 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
primarily associated with the Lipka Tatars, many of whom settled in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth while continuing their traditions and religious
Polish–Swedish wars (3,371 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish–Swedish Wars were a series of wars between the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Sweden. Broadly construed, the term refers to a series of
Sejm of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (3,907 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The general sejm (Polish: sejm walny, also translated as the full or ordinary sejm) was the bicameral parliament of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
National Democracy (2,270 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
National Democracy (Polish: Narodowa Demokracja, also known from its abbreviation ND as "Endecja" [ɛn̪ˈd̪ɛt̪͡s̪jä]) was a Polish political movement active
Pentecostal Church in Poland (223 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Pentecostal Church in Poland (Polish: Kościół Zielonoświątkowy w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) is a Pentecostal Christian denomination in Poland. It is
Uhlan (3,066 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ˈjuːlən/; Polish: Ułan; German: Ulan ; Lithuanian: Ulonas) were Polish-Lithuanian light cavalry armed with lances, sabres and pistols. The Polish-Lithuanian
Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz (2,999 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Witkiewicz (Polish: [staˈɲiswaf iɡˈnatsɨ vʲitˈkʲɛvʲitʂ]; 24 February 1885 – 18 September 1939), commonly known as Witkacy, was a Polish writer, painter
Grzegorz Lato (1,599 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Grzegorz Bolesław Lato (born 8 April 1950) is a Polish former professional footballer and manager who played as a winger. He was a member of Poland's golden
Pola Negri (6,051 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ˈnɛɡriː/; born Apolonia Chalupec, 3 January 1897 – 1 August 1987) was a Polish stage and film actress and singer who achieved worldwide fame during the
Polish Scientific Publishers PWN (187 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Naukowe PWN (Polish Scientific Publishers PWN; until 1991 Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe - National Scientific Publishers PWN, PWN) is a Polish book publisher
Polish jazz (498 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polish jazz has a history that spans periods of both acceptance and political repression. The beginning of jazz in Poland is difficult to determine. As
Television in Poland (1,864 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
by Polsat, a major Polish commercial TV network[citation needed]. These platforms become very popular, and today, there are no Polish channels available
Lublin Ghetto (1,244 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of General Government in occupied Poland. The ghetto inmates were mostly Polish Jews, although a number of Roma were also brought in. Set up in March 1941
History of Poland during the Jagiellonian dynasty (10,227 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Władysław II Jagiełło), whose marriage to Queen Jadwiga of Poland formed a Polish–Lithuanian union. The partnership brought vast territories controlled by
Collaboration in German-occupied Poland (8,290 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
multilateral territorial exchange and an extension of the German–Polish Non-Aggression Pact. The Polish government, fearing subjugation to Nazi Germany, instead
MTV Classic (Polish TV channel) (50 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
MTV Classic was a Polish pay television channel which was centred towards airing music videos from the 1960s up to the 1990s.It was launched on 30 May
Tadeusz Reichstein (457 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
August 1996) was a Polish-Swiss chemist and the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (1950). Reichstein was born into a Polish-Jewish family at
Leszek Miller (1,854 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Leszek Cezary Miller (Polish pronunciation: [ˈlɛʂɛk ˈmillɛr] (listen); born 3 July 1946) is a Polish political scientist and politician. He has served
Aleksander Fredro (524 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Aleksander Fredro (20 June 1793 – 15 July 1876) was a Polish poet, playwright and author active during Polish Romanticism in the period of partitions by neighboring
Wałbrzych (2,309 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
largest in Poland. According to the city's official website, the early Polish name of the settlement was Lasogród ("forest castle"). The German name Waldenburg
Adam Małysz (2,053 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Adam Henryk Małysz ([ˈadam ˈmawɨʂ] (listen); born 3 December 1977) is a Polish former ski jumper and rally driver. In ski jumping he competed from 1995
Culturalism (517 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the Polish-American philosopher and sociologist Florian Znaniecki in his book Cultural Reality (1919) in English and later translated into Polish as kulturalizm
Communism in Poland (534 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of the Polish Republic went into exile. In 1942, Polish communists in German-occupied Poland established a new Polish communist party, the Polish Workers'
Muscovite–Lithuanian Wars (3,504 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lithuanians were increasingly reliant on Polish aid, which eventually became an important factor in the creation of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Before
Władysław Bartoszewski (4,503 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
([vwaˈdɨswaf bartɔˈʂɛfskʲi] (listen); 19 February 1922 – 24 April 2015) was a Polish politician, social activist, journalist, writer and historian. A former
Orange Polska (795 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Orange Polska (formerly Telekomunikacja Polska) is a Polish telecommunications provider established in December 1991. It is a public company traded on
Football in Poland (1,818 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The first professional clubs were founded in the early 1900s, and the Polish national football team played its first international match in 1921. There
List of Sejm members (2005–07) (37 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Law and Justice Civic Platform Kukiz'15 .Modern Democratic Left Alliance Polish People's Party Liberty Together Politicians Administrative divisions Voivodeship
KORWiN (Poland) (321 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Liberty and Hope (KORWiN), since 8 October 2016 known also as Liberty (Polish: Wolność), is a free market-capitalist, paleolibertarian and hard Eurosceptic
Jan Długosz (721 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Jan Długosz (Polish pronunciation: [ˈjan ˈdwuɡɔʂ]; 1 December 1415 – 19 May 1480), also known in Latin as Johannes Longinus, was a Polish priest, chronicler
2015 Polish parliamentary election (1,792 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(1989–present) List of political parties in Poland 2015 Polish presidential election 2015 Polish Constitutional Court crisis "Poland's Eurosceptics win
National Revival of Poland (1,743 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
National Rebirth of Poland (Polish: Narodowe Odrodzenie Polski), abbreviated to NOP, is an ultranationalist national-revolutionary far-right political
Prowincja (231 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
A prowincja (Polish pronunciation: [prɔˈvint͡sja]; plural: prowincje) was the largest territorial subdivision in medieval and Renaissance-era Poland, and
National Security Corps (291 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Korpus Bezpieczeństwa (Polish for "National Security Corps", abbreviated PKB; sometimes also called Kadra Bezpieczeństwa) was a Polish underground police
Military ranks of the Polish People's Republic (74 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Military ranks of the Polish People's Republic were the military insignia used by the Polish Armed Forces. Uniforminsignia.org (Polish People´s Army (1943
Vader (band) (1,694 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Vader is a Polish death metal band from Olsztyn. Formed in 1983, the group was founded by then-bassist Piotr "Peter" Wiwczarek and guitarist Zbigniew "Vika"
Karviná (699 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Karviná (Czech pronunciation: [ˈkarvɪnaː] (listen); Polish: Karwina, Polish pronunciation: [karˈvina] (listen), German: Karwin) is a city in Moravian-Silesian
Łukasz Piszczek (1,769 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Łukasz Piotr Piszczek (Polish pronunciation: [ˈwukaʂ ˈpʲiʂt͡ʂɛk] (listen); born 3 June 1985) is a Polish professional footballer who plays for Bundesliga
Wejherowo (1,210 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(literally "Wejher's Wola"), by the voivode of the Malbork Voivodeship, and Polish noble, Jakub Wejher (Jakob Weiher). It was translated in the colloquial
Ministry of National Defence (Poland) (1,041 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Ministry of National Defense (Polish: Ministerstwo Obrony Narodowej, MON) is the office of government in Poland under the Minister of National Defense
Christmas in Poland (1,653 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
gradually over the centuries, beginning in ancient times; combining old Polish pagan customs with the religious ones introduced after the Christianization
Konin County (262 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Konin County (Polish: powiat koniński) is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Greater Poland Voivodeship, west-central
Janusz Korczak (4,248 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
name of Henryk Goldszmit (22 July 1878 or 1879 – 7 August 1942), was a Polish Jewish educator, children's author, and pedagogue known as Pan Doktor ("Mr
Polish Olympic Committee (84 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Polish Olympic Committee (Polish: Polski Komitet Olimpijski, PKOl) is the National Olympic Committee representing Poland. The Polish Olympic Committee
Dzielnica (251 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
In the Polish system of local administration, a dzielnica [d͡ʑelˈɲit͡sa] (Polish plural dzielnice) is an administrative subdivision or quarter of a city
Lector (500 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
either a development or a loan, such as French: lecteur, English: lector, Polish: lektor and Russian: лектор. It has various specialized uses. The title
Confederation Liberty and Independence (923 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Confederation Liberty and Independence (Polish: Konfederacja Wolność i Niepodległość), is a political party and electoral list in Poland established initially