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When Did Y’shua Die?

When Did Y’shua Die? Sifting Truth from Tradition, Part 1 Andrew Gabriel Roth

Sifting Truth from Tradition, Part 1

Andrew Gabriel Roth

The First Step

Many people in Hebrew Roots today of course came out of the church tradition which seemsat bestgreatly confused about the year and day that Y’shua died and at worst is actively deceiving their members about the matter for political reasons.

Today though we are going to separate the myths to get to the truth.

The First Step

Some of these myths are… 1) That Y’shua died on a Friday afternoon and that 2 days can be

understood as “three days and three

nights” between death and resurrection. 2) That Y’shua died on the 14 th of Abib because at 3 PM they slaughter the Passover lamb.

The First Step

Some of these myths are…

3) That the year Y’shua died had to be 33 CE, because in that year the first day

of the Feast of Unleavened Bread is a

Friday afternoon when “the sabbath was dawning”.

4) That a Sunday dawn resurrection is

“proof” that the Shabbat was moved from

Saturday to Sunday.

The First Step

But what may also be surprising is that even in Hebrew Roots, they also have a few incorrect ideas as well, like… 1) They also say Y’shua died on the 14 th of Abib, and add it must be a Wednesday.

2) And he could NOT rise on a Sunday

because that’s pagan sun-worship, right? Well, not so fast there….

The First Step

So we need to see clearly then, what is faith, what is fact, and what is out and out fantasy.

In order to do so, we need to go back to the REAL Hebrew roots in Tanakh and also look at the known historical

record (Josephus, Philo, Talmud),

astronomy and cutting edge calendar research, so this a complete answer.

List of Steps and Topics

1) Proving the precise timing of the ministry years through Daniel, Luke and Yochanan. 2) Decoding alleged chronological difficulties in the Gospels through proper historical sources.

3) Proving other parts with clues from

Y’shua’s own mouth, as well as those of other NT writers.

List of Steps and Topics

4) Making use of the best linguistic research from both NT Aramaic and Greek to put all facts in proper context. 5) Combining all the data with confirming evidence from science and astronomy that backs up both the original Biblical

calendar used in Israel in the First

Century and also the Rabbinic calendar as well, though it was not in use then.

Let’s Start with Daniel…

Daniel is the only prophet who actually hits the exact right days of his prophecies on the nosetwice.

He did this with the famous 2300 evenings and mornings prophecy and with the 70 weeks in his 9 th chapter.

But in order to understand 9:24-27, it

might be best to read for context earlier in that same chapter…

Yahweh has watched for the right moment to bring disaster on us, since Yahweh our God is just in all his dealings with us, and we have not listened to his voice. And now, Lord our God, who by your mighty hand brought us out of Egypt -- the renown you

won then endures to this day -- we have

sinned, we have done wrong. (Daniel 9:14- 15 NJB)

of Egypt -- the renown you won then endures to this day -- we have sinned,
of Egypt -- the renown you won then endures to this day -- we have sinned,

YHWH’s “Punishment Clock”

You shall bear your punishment for forty years, corresponding to the number of days -- forty days -- that you scouted the land: a year for each day. Thus you shall know what it means to thwart Me. (Numbers 14:34 1985

JPS Tanakh)

scouted the land: a year for each day. Thus you shall know what it means to

'Seventy weeks are decreed for your people and your Set-Apart city, for

putting an end to transgression, for

placing the seal on sin, to forgive sin,

for bringing in everlasting

righteousness and for setting the seal

on vision and on prophecy, for anointing the most Set-Apart. (Daniel

9:24-Matara

I will show the documentation for the timeline more thoroughly in “Daniel’s 70 th Week in Prophetic Time”, coming up later on.

For now it is important to understand that Daniel has targeted a very specific and indisputable series of years: From 457 BCE to 26 CE (483 years) for weeks 1 through 69 and 27 CE to 33 CE for week #70

Daniel 9:24 70 weeks multiply
Daniel 9:24
70 weeks
multiply
Daniel 9:24 70 weeks multiply 7 days equals (where 1 490 day=1 by years year) 14
7 days equals (where 1 490 day=1 by years year)
7 days
equals
(where 1
490
day=1
by
years
year)

Issuing of the decree to rebuild all Jerusalem = 457 BCE Time until the Anointed Prince (Messiah) comes = 7 + 62 weeks = 483 years Temple rebuilt in time of trouble = Reign of Herod the Great who began rebuilding it.

= 7 + 62 weeks = 483 years Temple rebuilt in time of trouble = Reign

15

Know this, then, and understand: From

the issuing of the decree to return and

restore Jerusalem to the coming of an Anointed Prince, seven weeks and

sixty-two weeks, it will be rebuilt with a

trench and with a moat, but in a time of trouble. (Daniel 9:25 -Matara)

and sixty-two weeks, it will be rebuilt with a trench and with a moat, but in

And after the sixty-two weeks an Anointed One will be cut off and be

no more, and the city and the sanctuary

will be ruined by the people of the prince to come and the end shall be as

a flood. And to the end of the war

desolations have been decreed. (Daniel

9:26-Matara)

Start clock

At

457BCE

7 + 62=483years
7 + 62=483years

27CE

Year of

Baptism

Also:

15 th year of Tiberius

And 46 years

from temple

rebuilding

He will confirm a covenant with many during that week, but in the middle of that week he will be cut off and cause the sacrifice and offering to cease. And on the wing of abominations shall come one that makes desolation and the destruction shall continue it is complete, and until the end. (Daniel 9:27-Matara)

Daniel’s 70 th week in Hebrew time

But when does a “prophetic week” actually begin? The Scripture gives us at least two places from which to count regular yearseither from Tishri in the fall or Abib in the spring.

Sometimes it seems both systems are

in force togethersuch as when in the 49 th year on Yom Kippur it is announced next spring starts Jubilee.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Hebrew time

And in this case, for Daniel to use a 3 ½ year period at all, argues strongly that he also uses both fall and spring timings to start from one and end on the other.

But we also have other clues, both

from this and other parts of Daniel, to

help nail down the timing.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Hebrew time

In the first episode of “Men Are From Jerusalem, Women Are From Galilee”, we focused on the 2300 evenings and mornings prophecy. The only way we got to the right number of daysit was actually

AFTER 2300 evenings and mornings

were COMPLETED or 2301 dayswas by counting by the full moon.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Hebrew time

Daniel had counted his time from the 15 th of Kislev in 165 BCE to the 12 th of Adar 2 in 159 BCE, starting from the full moon and ending close to the time of another full moon. Within that time frame, Daniel’s

“Prophetic Week Clock” was still

revealed, counting from the full moon, but which full moon for Y’shua?

Daniel’s 70 th week in Hebrew time

He will confirm a covenant with many during that week, but in the middle of that week he will be cut off and cause the sacrifice and offering to cease. (Daniel 9:27)

The verse could be read, “confirm a

covenant in the middle of the SEVEN”

and this I believe is the key clue.

Daniel means also the 7 th MONTH!

Daniel’s 70 th week in Hebrew time

The middle of the seventh month is the time of the full moon. So with the “half year” ending in the spring, the full count must have begun 3 ½ years earlier, in the fall, but from the middle of Tishri, the SEVENTH month.

By the old countingpre-ExodusAbib used to be the 7 th month and the 15 th was the middle there as well!

Daniel’s 70 th week in Hebrew time

So doesn’t it make sense that Daniel would start counting from the middle of one 7 th month and end counting in the middle of the other 7 th month?

Daniel of course also knows that each 7 th month has a Great Feast in it that lasts 8 days and that is fixed to the

equinoxes, so this is beautiful way to synchronize stars, sun and moon.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Hebrew time

The only reason the 2300 evenings and mornings didn’t finish also at the full moon is that he was counting days rather than prophetic weeks, but it still shows us he chose prophecies that began with the full moon.

Then the sevens that are all over 9:24- 27 dictated to us when that kind of count should start from.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Hebrew time

The Gospel of Yochanan also hints at this by saying Y’shua “tabernacledamong us, and indeed he was born just before the Feast of Tabernacles started, on Friday night, Tishri 14, but that’s another story.

That’s also during a lunar eclipse—full moonborn in the middle of one 7 and dies in the middle of the other 7.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Hebrew time

So going by the full moon of the seventh month15 Tishri or Sukkotwe find this clock starts at sunset on October 12 th , 26 CE.

The 3-year mark will obviously be Sukkot in 29 CE, or sunset on the evening of October 8 th . Now all we have to do is count 6 full cycles from the Tishri 15 to the next 15 th

Daniel’s 70 th week in Hebrew time

1) Heshvan 15November 7 th , 29 CE. 2) Kislev 15December 6 th , 29 CE. 3) Tevet 15January 5 th , 30 CE. 4) Shevat 15February 3 rd , 30 CE. 5) Adar 15March 5 th , 30 CE. 6) Abib 15April 4 th , 30 CE, the day Y’shua died, 3 ½ years to the day. Darkness falls at mid-day!

Daniel’s 70 th week in Hebrew time

That darkness, between the 6 th and 9 th hours, marked the middle of the day and the 15 th marked the middle of the month, and the middle of the prophetic week at the same time!

But there must also be prophetic

significance to counting the individual

days of this prophetic week, and pattern is anything but ordinary!

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

We need to go a little deeper now into the time frame given by Daniel 9:24-

27.

The clock begins as we saw before, with the timing of the only decree to restore and rebuild all of Jerusalem,

not just her Temple. That decree was issued in 457 BCE (the 7 th year of Artaxerxes), per Ezra 7 and 9:1-10.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

From here we count “7 weeks and 62 weeks” = 69 weeks = 483 years. The prophetic day = year formula is previewed in Daniel 9:14-15, referring to the spies being punished a year for each day they scouted out the land in fear. The same method was followed by Daniel’s contemporary (Ezekiel 4:1-8).

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

The 483 rd year from Daniel’s clock would begin in the fall of 26 CE.

In February of 27 CE, Y’shua makes

his public debut at the immersion

given by John the Baptist.

Since we are talking about a 3 ½ year

(half-week) ministry, this means

Y’shua must die in the spring of 30

CE.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

The year 27 is confirmed by two other Biblical sources.

There has been a lot of debate about the “15 th year of Tiberius” quote in Luke 3:1, as some historians counted from the year an emperor ruled on his own (which makes the 15 th year 29 CE) and others count co-regencies, from when old and new king co-ruled.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

If Luke is counting then from when Tiberius and Augustus ruled together for 2 years before Augustus’ death, this would put the 15 th year in 27 CE.

Fortunately, Luke’s own writings prove he did count co-regencies. Technically

speaking only 1 high priest was

supposed to rule at a time, but Caiaphas was not popular…

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

And so, according to both Josephus and the NT, Caiaphas got help from his powerful and popular father in law, Annas, who co-ruled with him. From the years 18-36 CE, Caiaphas was the high priest of record, so if

Luke is counting solo rule through

Y’shua’s ministry, he should only refer to Caiaphas.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

Officially also Annas “retired” in 15 CE and 3 years later came back to help his son in law.

Therefore, when Luke says “during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas” (3:2), it is clear he prefers

to count co-regencies and thus did so

with Tiberius, putting the 15 th year in 27 CE.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

The other reference to 27 CE is in John 2:20: “It has taken us 46 years to build this Temple and now you will rebuild it in 3 days, but the Temple he spoke of was his body.”

Josephus tells us Herod began the

rebuilding of the Temple in 20 BCE, so

it takes 19 years to go from 20 BCE to 1 BCE (no year 0) + 27 CE = 46.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

The 3 ½ year timeline (fall 26- spring of 30) is confirmed with the Feasts/seasonal references mentioned in Yochanan’s Gospel. 1) Y’shua is immersed by John 57 days before the 1 st Passover, or February 10-11, 27 CE. Matthew, Mark and

Luke say there must be 40 days and 40 nights of fasting by Y’shua…

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

2) On the 41 st day, haSatan tempts Y’shua all day. Exhausted, Messiah collapses and is ministered by angels until the start of the 42 nd day (Matthew

4:1-11).

3) For the next 3 days, Tuesday through

Thursday, March 23-25, Y’shua is

walking back to Galilee from Jerusalem, which brings us to day 45.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

4) The Cana Wedding is on the “third day” (John 3:1), meaning the third day of the week, Monday night to Tuesday night, the feast happening during Tuesday daylight hours. 6) Since the earliest Y’shua could have

returned to Galilee is 3 days after

Temptation (day 45), the wedding had to happen the next Tuesday (day 50).

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

7) Since Y’shua though also needs 3 days to get back to Jerusalem for Pesach, he is not going to travel back immediately after the wedding. John 4:12 says Y’shua stayed with his mother and brothers in Capernaum “for a few days”, so this would be from after the wedding (Wednesday) to after Shabbat (Saturday), so days 51 through 54.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

8) That gives him just 3 days to return to Jerusalem to arrive comfortably before Passover, from Sunday morning (day 54), arriving either Tuesday April 6 th (day 56) or Wednesday April 7 th (day 57), at which point sunset that day will begin the Feast of Unleavened Bread. 9) Therefore the time from February 10 th to April 7 th is accounted for.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

Our next challenge though is to find out when the Baptist was thrown into jail.

He is definitely free on February 10- 11, 27 CE, when he immerses Y’shua.

Matthew 4:12 though tells us that right

after Y’shua returns from Temptation,

he hears that John is in jail, so this

had to happen while he was away…

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

Mark 4:14 says “Now after John had been taken into custody, Y’shua returned to Galilee, proclaiming the Good News of Elohim”.

But at the Cana Wedding, Y’shua told his mother, “my time has not yet

come”—and only reluctantly did the

water into wine miracle, meaning John’s arrest is after this time.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

But the 3 ½ year timeline is confirmed with other Feasts/seasonal references mentioned in Yochanan’s Gospel. 1) Passover #1, 57 days after immersion-John 2:13-25. 2) 4 months and then the harvest” can

only mean Jan-Feb, because if it was

the fall harvest, 4 months earlier is still

the spring harvest!-John 4:35

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

3) Working slightly backwards, Y’shua begins a stay in Aenon near Salim and doesn’t leave for Samaria where he says “four months and then the harvest” until Jan-Feb in the year 28 CE. So, from mid- April of 27, when Pesach ends, until the time he leaves for Galilee, he must have stayed in NE Judea for 9 ½ months, except for Great Feasts in Jerusalem.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

4) There is another Great Feast mentionedprobably Passover in the year 28 but it could also be Tabernacles later that yearin John 4:45. By that feast it was well known that Y’shua said “a prophet is not welcome in his hometown (John 4:44), but we need to understand exactly when he said that famous phrase!

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

5) While it is likely Y’shua said the famous “prophet has no honor” phrase at least twice (Matthew 13:57 is the second time)… 6)…we can definitely be sure when he did NOT say it, which is to say, he did

NOT say it at the first Passover in John 2

because he was a “hit” at that feast and it wasn’t necessary…

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

And during the feast, while Y'shua was in Urishlim at the Paskha, many believed in him when they saw the miracles that he did. But Y'shua did not entrust himself to them, because he understood every man. And he did not rely on men to testify to him concerning anyone, for he knew what was in man. (John 2:23-25-AENT)

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

7) So if he was welcome at the first Feastprobably even a novelty to those who would oppose him later-- this saying must have been before the 2 nd Passover (or Tabernacles) in the year 28. By the time he says it again in Matthew 13:57, it reads “he could not do many miracles there due to lack of faith”—so his popularity took a hit in the meantime.

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Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

8) That brings us to John 5 and “the feast of the Jews”, which is most likely Purim in the year 29. This is the only “feast of the Jews” in the time frame of 28-29 CE that hits on a Shabbat day (John 5:9) before the feeding of the 5,000 near Passover (John 6:4). 9) After the Passover in 29 ends, we next get the following occasions…

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

Sukkot (John 7-8).

Hanukkah (John 10:22-42).

Early spring (30 CE), with the “Are

there not 12 hours of daylight”

comment in John 11:9, just before he raises Lazarus. And that brings us of course to the last Passover, and the 15 th of Abib, the day Y’shua dies.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

Finally though we need to look at the end of the Gospels as a “partial fulfillment” of Daniel 12.

In Matthew 27:52, it is reported that many righteous souls were raised from the dead, just as Daniel predicts

on a macro-scale in our future, at a

time when an abomination is set up after 1,290 days…

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

…but blessed are those who reach 1,335 days.

Again, these are future numbers, but

they also have been fulfilled in the

past by Y’shua and his ministry.

Let’s go back to the first Hebrew year Messiah started, Sunday, Sep 27 th , 26 CE, or 1 Tishri/Yom Teruah, 2 weeks before the “Sukkot clock” began

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

From Sunday, September 27 th , 26 CE to Sunday, September 26 th , 27 CE:

365 days.

From Sunday, September 27 th , 27 CE

to Tuesday, September 26 th , 28 CE (has a leap year): 366 days. From Wednesday, September 27 th , 28 CE to Wednesday, September 26 th , 29 CE: 365 days. Subtotal: 1,096 days.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

Now let’s add the remainder of the year 29 to the 1,096 days… Thursday, September 27 th to 30 th

inclusive:

4

All of October:

31

All of November:

30

All of December:

31

SUBTOTAL: 1,096 + 96 = 1,192 days

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

And to the 1,192 days as of December 31 st , 29, we add this time…

30 CE:

All of January:

31

All of February:

28

All of March:

31

To resurrection:

7

TOTAL: 1,188 + 101 = 1,289 days

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

This means that the day after the Resurrection, Monday April 8 th , an abomination was set up per the pattern of the 1,290 days in Daniel

12:11.

Not coincidentally, the 1,290 th day from Yom Teruah in the year 26 had

the setting up of an abomination…

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

Then Y'shua said to them, "Do not fear. Rather, go and tell my brothers to go to Galeela, and there they will see me." Now when they had departed, some men came from those soldiers to the city and told the chief priests everything that happened. And they were assembled with the elders and they took counsel and they gave

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

not a small amount of money to the soldiers. And they said to them, "Say that his disciples came and stole him in the middle of the night while we were sleeping.” And if this is heard before the governor, we will persuade him to not make trouble for you. And when (the soldiers) took the money, they did as (the Yehudeans) had instructed

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

them. And this word has gone out among the Yehudeans to this day. Now the eleven disciples went to Galeela to the mountain where Y'shua had arranged for them to meet. (Matthew 28:10-16-AENT) As that Resurrection Day drew on, Y’shua appeared to two men at Emmaus, and they said…

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

among them, he took bread and blessed it and broke it and gave it to them. And immediately their eyes were opened, and they recognized him and he was taken from them. And they were speaking one to another, "Was not our heart heavy within us while he spoke with us on the road and expounded the Scriptures to us?” (Luke 24:28-32 AENT

64

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

And they were approaching to the village that which they were going to, and he did make suppose them that he was going to a distant place. And they urged him and said to him, "Remain with us because the day is now ending and it is becoming dark. And

he entered to stay with them.

And it

happened that when he reclined

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

So in synching the details between Matthew and Luke, it becomes clear that the Jewish and Roman authorities conspire to deny the resurrection on day 1,290, or Monday April 8 th , 30 CE.

Since without the resurrection our faith

is useless (1 Corinthians 15:16-17), I

can’t think of a greater “abomination that is desolation” for them to set up!

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

So much for 1,290, but what about “blessed is he who attains to 1,335 days” (Dan 12:12) with a partial Y’shua basis? From Sunday, September 27 th , 26 CE

to Monday, April 8 th , 30 CE:

1,290

April 9-30 inclusive:

22

May 1-23:

23

TOTAL 1,290 + 45 = 1,335 days

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

Daniel though seems to be saying, “blessed is he who completes 1,335 days”, so this may be a reference to day 1,336, or May 24 th , 30 CE. The question is, what happened on that day? And the answer is this… And after the (fifty) days of Shavuot (Pentecost) were fulfilled, all were assembled as one. All of a sudden

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

there was a sound from heaven like a roaring wind and all that House in which they were sitting was filled. (Acts 2:1-2-AENT) The omer count in 30 CE, the year Y’shua died, ended at sunset on Friday night, May 23 rd . The actual time the disciples were “assembled as one” was a day later, Saturday morning.

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

So if Daniel is referencing “on the day” of day 1,335, then he has predicted the end of the 50 day omer count on Friday, May 23 rd .

But if Daniel means instead that 1,335 days have been completed, and that

only after that completion is one

“blessed”, then that’s a day later, when the Ruach came at Pentecost!

Daniel’s 70 th week in Prophetic time

Either way, Daniel is keyed in directly to both “abomination day” when the resurrection is denied and the Shabbat attached to the end of the omer count, when the Ruach haKodesh does one of the greatest miracles in all of the Scripture! Therefore, the “partial fulfillment” to Y’shua’s milestones is proven a fact!

Summing up so far…

To this point, we have seen chronological data in Daniel, Luke and Yochanan all point to the 3 ½ year period of Y’shua’s ministry starting in our calendar in 27 CE. Daniel’s count works in Hebrew and

Prophetic time. Luke and Yochanan

point to the actual time in that Hebrew year that Y’shua began preaching.

Summing up so far…

But now we need to go deeper!

In Part 2, we will also address some

long standing misconceptions that

arise either from bad translations or bad Biblical assumptions.

When Did Y’shua Die?

When Did Y’shua Die? Sifting Truth from Tradition, Part 2 Andrew Gabriel Roth

Sifting Truth from Tradition, Part 2

Andrew Gabriel Roth

Misconception #1: Y’shua died on a FridaY and rose 2 days later
Misconception #1:
Y’shua died on a FridaY and
rose 2 days later

Y’shua Died on a Friday?

For as Yonan was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights, likewise will the Son of man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights. (Matthew 12:40-AENT) It’s a matter of simple math: There is

no way that 1 ½ days from Friday

afternoon to Sunday dawn can be “stretched” to fit this Scripture.

Y’shua Died on a Friday?

Also the astronomical cycles for this year that Daniel, Luke and John all agree onstarting from 27 and ending in the spring of 30simply forbid this idea. It is certain that the 15 th of Abib fell on a Thursday (April 4 th ) that year, and counting from there will yield 3 days and 3 nights, as we will see later.

Y’shua Died on a Friday?

But some may ask: Isn’t the day of preparation (Mark 15:42, Luke 23:54, John 19:14,31) that is always referenced a Friday afternoon?

The answer is YES, that is true, but NO, it doesn’t apply here. Reason

being, there are two explanations, 1

Greek, 1 Aramaic, that show how confusion crept in here.

Matthew 28:1 (literal word order)

Now in the closing (evening) of the Sabbath, as the first of the week was dawning, came Maryam of Magdala and the other Maryam that they might see the grave. ramsha (lit. “evening” but here means

“closing” or “setting”)…shabta (the

Shabbat) was d’nagha (that is spending the night)

Ramsha and Erubata can mean…

Closing, setting, concluding, wrapping up, transitioning away from (as an adverb). The phrase breaks down as:

The afternoon (noun) was (verb) setting/concluding (adverb). To set, conclude, end (as a verb). Describing

the day during afternoon, close to

sunset (as a noun).-Compendious Syriac, by Payne Smith, p. 427, 544.

Greek Version of Luke 23:54a

(Thayer Lexicon)

It was the preparation day

(παρασκευή)… (Luke 23:54 NAU)

paraskeue, literally preparation; in Jewish, NT, and early Christian usage, only of a definite day, the sixth day of the week, the term for the Friday preceding the Sabbath, when all preparation for the

Sabbath had to be completed and after

which no work was permitted (MK 15.42;

LU 23.54; JN 19.31, 42)

81

Aramaic Matthew 26:17

Now on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the disciples

drew near to Y’shua and said to him,

“Where do you want us to prepare (בֶֿיטנַ ) for you to eat the Paskha?”

(Matthew 26:17-AENT)

Luke 23:54 (Greek)

…and the Sabbath was about to begin

(ἐπιφώσκω). (Luke 23:54 NAU)

ἐπιφώσκω; (imperfect ἐπεφωσκον);epiphosko, to grow light, to

dawn (cf. Buttmann, 68 (60)): Luke

23:54; Matt. 28:1-Thayer NT Lexicon

New Aramaic Readings vs. the Greek

So when we read in the Greek that “it

was the Preparation Day” in places

like Mark 15:42, Luke 23:54 and Yochanan 19:31…

1) There is no place in the Aramaic NT

where the word “Friday” or “Preparation Day” appears!

2) Where the Greek says “the Sabbath was

dawning/beginning” the Aramaic says “the Sabbath is closing/going to bed!

New Aramaic Readings vs. the Greek

And when the afternoon was setting

(ramsha d’erubata- אתבֿוָּ

רעֻ

דַ אשמָּ

רַ

)

on the [Annual] Shabbat… (Mark 15:42-AENT) And the day was setting/ending and the [Annual] Shabbat was closing

[or, spending the night-אָּהגָּֿנ].

(Luke 23:54)

New Aramaic Readings vs. the Greek

And they returned and prepared

spices and perfume and rested on

the (weekly) Shabbat as was commanded.

(Luke 23:56)

And the Pesach (the 14 th day) had

closed (תָּֿוה אתבֿוָּ

רעַוֻ

), and it was the

sixth hour (daybreak).

(Yochanan 19:14)

New Aramaic Readings vs. the Greek

These bodies should not remain on

stakes because the (Annual)

Shabbat was closing

(תָּֿוהַ

אתבֿוָּ

רעֻ

דַ)

(Yochanan 19:31)

So explanation #1 (Aramaic) is that

a process of mistranslation from

Aramaic into Greek occurred. I will give the Greek explanation later on.

Misconception #2: Y’shua died on the 14 th of Abib
Misconception #2:
Y’shua died on the 14 th of
Abib

Y’shua Died on 14 Abib?

Purge out from you the old leaven

that you may be a new mass, as you

are unleavened. For our Paskha (Passover) is the Mashiyach, who

was slain for us. Therefore let us

celebrate the festival, not with the old leaven, nor with the leaven of

wickedness and bitterness, but with

the leaven of purity and sanctity.

(1 Corinthians 5:7-8-AENT)

89

Y’shua Died on 14 Abib?

The theory goes something like this…

1) The Passover lamb is sacrificed

late in the afternoon on the 14 th of Abib.

2) Messiah dies around 3 PM, the 9 th hour of the day, which is also the

time of the evening sacrifice.

3) So since he IS our Passover lamb, he had to die right at that time!

Y’shua Died on 14 Abib?

3) Passover lasts a total of 8 Hebrew

days, running concurrently with the

Feast of Unleavened Bread. 4) Each day, from the evening of the 14 th to the evening of the 21 st , has a “Passover sacrifice” (Leviticus 23:8). Also the details of the lamb and Y’shua’s sacrifice don’t match.

Y’shua Died on 14 Abib?

5) The Passover lamb is killed quickly

on the altar on the 14 th ; Y’shua dies in agony after being scourged, whipped and tortured, and then is

put on the stake for 6 hours. 6) The details reveal that the lamb is actually roasted and eaten on the night of the 15 th

Y’shua Died on 14 Abib?

5) …and anything left is destroyed on

the altar at daybreak on the 15 th . The slow roasting followed by annihilation is a much closer

metaphor to Y’shua’s suffering on the torture stake than slitting a lamb’s throat and having it bleed out and die within a few minutes. All of the “cruel” stuff happens on the 15 th !

Y’shua Died on 14 Abib?

6) If Y’shua’s death was meant to bring us freedom from condemnation, it doesn’t match the time of the actual Exodus! The Hebrews had to wait for the slaying of the Egyptian first born which was “after midnight” (Exodus 12:29), so whether they left in the dead of night or dawn, it’s the 15 th day they are freed, not the 14 th !

Y’shua Died on 14 Abib?

7) Not surprisingly, the details don’t

match the Gospels either! The Passover” begins late in the afternoon of the 14 th (more on this

later) and the first day of the Feast of

Unleavened Bread is that sunset, the start of the 15 th . Since Y’shua clearly had his Passover seder, he is arrested after dark, on the 15 th !

Misconception #3: Y’shua died in the Year 33 ce
Misconception #3:
Y’shua died in the Year 33 ce

Y’shua Died in 33 CE?

The strength of this idea is it seems

to be part of some of the earliest

church traditions, at least from the

4 th century onwards.

By this time in history, the Catholic

Church was relying almost entirely on Greek and Latin versions of Scripture to produce their Biblical traditions and chronologies.

Y’shua Died in 33 CE?

What is very curious however is that

even earlier traditions suggestat a

minimum—that Matthew and Paul’s letters were composed in “the

Hebrew dialect” which most

scholars agree refers to the Aramaic language. Also, centuries

of anti-Semitic ideas had crept into

their traditions. This made “Jewish study” very un-cool for the Church.

98

Y’shua Died in 33 CE?

As more time went on, the Catholics

had little to no appreciation of the

fact that while all Friday nights are

Sabbaths, not all Sabbaths are

Friday nights, and this we went over

earlier.

So because “day of preparation” was misunderstood, a Friday death date for Messiah tradition took hold.

Y’shua Died in 33 CE?

That bad tradition of course also

goes against Matthew 12:40, which

we reviewed at the start of this section.

Therefore, the 33 CE date

coalesced behind the Friday death date tradition, because in that year

the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread fell on a Friday afternoon.

100

Y’shua Died in 33 CE?

From there, Catholic historians overlooked clear evidence of Luke counting co-regencies for the 15 th year of Tiberius and didn’t even mention the 46 th year from rebuilding the Temple” reference from John, since both facts proved them wrong. They focused only on counting Tiberius’ 15 th year from his solo rule, giving a 29-33 ministry range for Messiah. 101

Y’shua Died in 33 CE?

Centuries later, the Catholic Church

continued “shooting the arrow and

drawing the target after it lands”. They

did this by trying to suggest that 95%

of historians were wrong about Herod

the Great dying in 4 BCE and made a ton of other errors, because the fact

the church itself was off by 4-5 years

on when most scholars believed Y’shua was born—bad history! 102

Y’shua Died in 33 CE?

That error came about because a

monk named Dionysus Exigius

(Dennis the Little) couldn’t even get

the reigns of Roman Emperors right!

He mad what I call a “grade school

mistake”, and attributed 4 years to Octavian and about 55 years to

Augustus. In reality, Octavian and

Augustus were one and the same man, reigning right at Y’shua’s birth!

103

Misconception #4: Passover starts after sunset on the 13 th of Abib
Misconception #4:
Passover starts after
sunset on the 13 th of Abib

Passover begins sunset on the 13 th ?

This idea also seems to make a lot

of sense…at first glance.

Most of you know that the Hebrew day begins with sunset, therefore, it would make sense that all Appointed Times/Feasts would also start at sunset.

While that is generally true, there are at least two exceptions…

Passover begins sunset on the 13 th ?

'But the 10 th day of this 7 th month will be the Day of Expiation (or,

Atonement). You will hold a sacred assembly. You will fast and offer

food burnt for Yahweh. You will do

no work that day, for it is the Day of Expiation, on which the rite of

expiation will be performed for you

before Yahweh your God. Anyone

Passover begins sunset on the 13 th ?

who fails to fast that day will be

outlawed from his people; anyone

who works that day I shall eliminate

from his people. No work will be

done -- this is a perpetual law for

your descendants wherever you live. It must be a day of complete rest for

you. You will fast; on the evening of the 9 th day of the month, from this

Passover begins sunset on the 13 th ?

evening till the following evening,

you will rest completely.'

(Leviticus 23:27-32 NJB)

So while the 10 th day of the 7 th month is the time of Yom Kippur, the fast that is attached to it actually

begins late in the afternoon, on the 9 th day of Tishri, and then takes over for all of the 10 th day.

Passover begins sunset on the 13 th ?

The second exception is Passover

itself, because like Yom Kippur,

there was a ritual attached to before it started. Let’s see this up close! You shall keep it until the 14 th day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to kill it at twilight (erev). (Exodus 12:6-NJB)

Passover begins sunset on the 13 th ?

So while the Hebrew day, the 14 th of Abib, started at sunset on the 13 th , the time of the Passover offering is very late in the day21 hours after the 14 th started.

Like Yom Kippur, it is the remaining hours before sunset on the official day, that begins the offering, and then the Feast begins and runs 7 more days.

110

Passover begins sunset on the 13 th ?

The key to seeing this more clearly is

the more precise timing given in

Deuteronomy… You shall sacrifice the Passover in the

evening at sunset (ba’arev kivoa ha-

shemesh/ שׁמֶ שַהֶֶּׁ֔

אוֹב֣ כְּ ברֶָ֑עָּבָּ

) at the time

that you came out of Egypt.

(Deuteronomy 16:6 NAU)

Passover begins sunset on the 13 th ?

ba’arev kivoa ha-shemesh = Literally, “through the afternoon, (at) the going down of the sun.” This is absolutely precise and indisputable language. Once the sun set on the 13 th of Abib, another sunrise and another afternoon happened, and only then is the sun going down. It’s the 14 th going into the 15 th , not the 13 th into the 14 th .

112

Misconception #5: Y’shua died on a WednesdaY and rose on/after shabbat
Misconception #5:
Y’shua died on a WednesdaY
and rose on/after shabbat

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

Often in Hebrew Roots studies we

find a very strong reaction against

western Christian tradition which in many cases is justified. Y’shua wasn’t born on December 25 th , pagan false deities Mithras and Invictus were; Y’shua and Paul were condemning Oral Law, not Torah, and so on down the list.

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

But in at least one case (IMHO) we

in HR may have reached a bit too

far, by promoting the idea that Y’shua died on a Wednesday and

rose after Shabbat concluded

Saturday night.

Others in HR say Y’shua rose technically while that Shabbat was still going on, so I will deal with that variation first…

115

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

Now in the closing (evening) of the

Sabbath, as the first of the week

was dawning, came Maryam of Magdala and the other Maryam that

they might see the grave.

(Matthew 28:1-AENT) And when the Shabbat had passed, Maryam of Magdala and Maryam the mother of Ya'akov and Shalom

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

bought spices that they might come to

anoint him. And at early morning

on the first of the week, they came

to the cemetery as the sun was

rising. (Mark 16:1-2-AENT)

Now on the first day of the week, at dawn while still dark, they came to the tomb and brought the spices. (Luke 24:1-AENT)

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

On the first of the week, in the

morning while it was dark, Maryam

of Magdala came to the tomb and saw that the stone was removed

from the grave. (John 20:1-AENT)

Okay so step 1 is easy enough. All four Gospels call the resurrection on the first day of the weekno earlier than sunset on Saturday night.

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

But what about the contention that

the Saturday sun had just set at

resurrection, and that Y’shua was

risen 12 hours before his empty

tomb was discovered?

As one friend pointed out to me some years ago, there were no apostles actually at the tomb the moment he rose “in real time”.

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

Fair enough…but there were two

“witnesses” to the resurrection time…

Then again Y'shua cried out with a loud voice and gave up his spirit. And immediately, the curtains at the door of the temple were torn in two from the top to the bottom. And the earth was shaken and the rocks were split. (Matthew 27:51-52- AENT)

120

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

Fair enough…but there were two

“witnesses” to the resurrection time…

Now in the closing (evening)of the Sabbath, as the first of the week was dawning, came Maryam of Magdala and the other Maryam that they might see the grave. And behold a great earthquake occurred for a Messenger of Master YHWH

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

descended from heaven and came

and rolled away the boulder from

the entrance, and he was sitting upon

it. (Matthew 28:1-2-AENT)

In the case of earthquake #1, we

are given a precise time of day (3 PM) and it happens immediately after an important event (Y’shua’s death). So if one earthquake marks his death….

122

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

…why wouldn’t the second

earthquake mark the precise timing

of his rising from the dead?!? The

Gospels totally support this idea…

1) All four Gospels say the “first day

of the week” had already started. 2) All agree the sun rose as the women were on the way, even if they began in darkness (John 20:1).

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

3) Therefore the “darkness” must be

at the end of the night, not at the

beginning of Saturday night.

4) Women would not travel generally without male escort after dark, but they might do it if the dark was about to give way to dawn, as Mark 16:2 indicates. Also, all agree that the dawn came AFTER the first day of the week started!

124

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

The principal objection to this very

clear calendar info in the Gospels is

a resentment towards the Church erroneously changing the Shabbat

from Saturday to Sunday, chiefly on

the basis of the resurrection timing. If the Christians could be convinced it was really Saturday night, the hope is they would see the Shabbat never changed.

125

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

Another source of annoyance in HR

circles is that Sunday also was

linked to paganism and Constantine, which is widely held to

have perverted the Gospel

message and taught the lie that Torah had passed away.

Therefore a Saturday resurrection

just after Shabbatthey saidwould even the playing field.

126

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

And, as much as I also hate those

same excesses on the Christian

side and love my Hebrew Roots family, sorry guys, you are wrong

and the Christians are right

here—Y’shua rose at dawn on Sunday morning.

Also, the first day of the week isn’t

always about paganismkosher things happen then too!

127

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

The other major problem is at the beginning of the timeline—Y’shua laid in the tomb Wednesday afternoonwhich would have to be true to support a Saturday night resurrection.

But astronomy and the calendar forbids this, and ironically for some of the same reasons that caused the Church to be wrong earlier! 128

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

We saw before how Y’shua was

alive all day on 14 Abibgiving his

seder before the sun set and he was arrestedin the early hours of the 15 th .

The same facts disprove a Wednesday death, because in 30 CE Wednesday was the 14 th of Abib, meaning Y’shua had to die the following afternoon.

129

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

I have personally “run the numbers” for

every possible calendar calculation

school except the Karaites because there is no way to know when they

thought the barley was ripe 2,000

years ago, though we can make a highly probable and educated guess. In every case, the date of the 14 th is immovable: Wednesday nighteven by the crescent.

130

Wednesday to Saturday “Passion”?

Therefore, Y’shua cannot die on a Wednesday, just as a Friday death is also impossible.

That leaves only one possible date because only 30 CE lines up with data in Daniel, Luke and John:

Y’shua must die on the afternoon of Thurs, April 4 th and resurrect at dawn, Sun, April 7 th .

When Did Y’shua Die?

When Did Y’shua Die? Sifting Truth from Tradition, Part 3 Andrew Gabriel Roth

Sifting Truth from Tradition, Part 3

Andrew Gabriel Roth

Misconception #6: 3 days and 3 nights must equal exactly 72 hours
Misconception #6:
3 days and 3 nights must
equal exactly 72 hours

3 Days and 3 Nights always 72

hours?

The first thing we need to realize is

that an hour in ancient times was

not always equal to 60 minutes…in fact it would almost NEVER be

exactly that long!

This is because the “hour” was intended to be 1/12 th of the period of time between sun rise and sunset, and the lengths of days varied throughout the year.

134

3 Days and 3 Nights always 72

hours?

For example, for my little part of

Georgia in 2014, the sun sets on June 21 st at 8:51 PM and the day is 14 hours, 24 minutes and 0

seconds long

…but on December 21 st the sun will set in the Atlanta area at 5:33 PM, and this day is only 9 hours, 54 minutes and 31 seconds long.

3 Days and 3 Nights always 72

hours?

The difference between the hours of

daylight on these two days is 4

hours, 29 minutes and 29 seconds, so let’s round up to 4 ½ hours, or

270 minutes.

Divide 270 by 12 and you get a maximum variance of an “hour” as 22 minutes, 30 seconds; meaning an “hour” as long as 71 ¼ minutes and short as 48 ¾ minutes.

136

3 Days and 3 Nights always 72

hours?

The point is of course we cannot

take our “hours” and apply them as

only 60 minutes long to those in the

ancient world. 60 minutes is an

average for them only.

In fact, only near the equinoxes will the “hours” they knew match the time we now measure as an hour, and even then, it is not perfect.

3 Days and 3 Nights always 72

hours?

The other issue is that Scripture uses something I call “fractional reckoning”, which means that any part of a day before sunset, counts as 1 day in a

series of days. Let’s see this up

close…

3 Days and 3 Nights always 72

hours?

'You must not exploit a poor and

needy wage-earner, be he one of

your brothers or a foreigner resident.

You must pay him his wages each

day, not allowing the sun to set

before you do, since he, being poor, needs them badly; otherwise

he may appeal to Yahweh against

you, and you would incur guilt. (Deuteronomy 24:14-15 NJB) 139

3 Days and 3 Nights always 72

hours?

'If a man guilty of a capital offense is to

be put to death, and you hang him

from a tree, his body must not remain on the tree overnight; you

must bury him the same day.

(Deuteronomy 21:22-23 NJB) Also noting the parable in Matthew 20, where even workers who came at the 11 th hour were paid on the day for the full day.

140

3 Days and 3 Nights always 72

hours?

Therefore the timeline from death to

resurrection is as follows…

Day 1:

Night 1:

Day 2:

Night 2:

Day 3:

Night 3:

Thurs at 3 PM to sunset. Thurs sunset to Fri dawn. Fri dawn to sunset. Fri sunset to Sat dawn.

Sat dawn to sunset.

Sat sunset to Sun dawn.

3 Days and 3 Nights always 72

hours?

And remember

It’s 3 days and 3 nights,

not 3 nights and 3 days!

Misconception #7: There is no way to reconcile john’s timeline (18:28) With the other gospels
Misconception #7:
There is no way to reconcile
john’s timeline (18:28) With
the other gospels

Johnny Come Lately?

Here is the problem in a nutshell… Matthew, Mark and Luke share the same timeline: The disciples make preparations for the Passover on the afternoon of the 14 th , Y’shua does the seder well into the start of the 15 th , when he is arrested and judged early that morning. But John seem to “rebel” from the others…

144

Johnny Come Lately?

And they brought Y'shua from the

presence of Qayapa into the

Praetorium, and it was morning and they did not enter into the

Praetorium, that they not be

defiled before they had eaten the Paskha. (John 18:28-AENT)

So 15 hours after Pesach started,

the Pharisees had not ate their lamb!

145

Johnny Come Lately?

This was also in direct violation of

Exodus 34:25 and Deuteronomy

16:4, which specified that none of the sacrifice was to be left over or

eaten past daybreak on the 15 th .

So knowing that, why would some leading teachers in Israel assemble just past daybreak in John 18 and not eat the Passover lamb? First, Oral Law allowed an extension…

146

Johnny Come Lately?

A festal offering derives from the flock

of sheep or from the herd of oxen,

from lambs or from goats, from males or from females, and is eaten for two

days and the intervening night, to

the night of the 15 th of Nisan. The Mishnah by Jacob Neusner, Pesachim 6:4, p. 240. Josephus explains a little further…

Johnny Come Lately?

So these high priests, upon the

coming of that feast which is called

the Passover, when they slay their sacrifices, from the 9 th hour till the 11 th , but so that a company not less than 10 belong to every sacrifice, (for it is not lawful for them to feast

singly by themselves,) and many of

us are 20 in a company, found the number of sacrifices was 256,500

148

Johnny Come Lately?

which, upon the allowance of no

more than ten that feast together,

amounts to 2,700,200 persons that were pure and holy. (Josephus, The

Jewish War, 6:423-425)

So these priests have 2 hours to help slaughter more than a quarter of a million lambsleaving precious time for them to do so for themselves before sunset.

149

Johnny Come Lately?

I believe this was one of the

reasons for “extending the rule” and allowing the Pharisees to also wait until sunset on the 15 th to slaughter the lamb they were supposed to

have had the night before, when Y’shua and the rest of Israel was

doing the feast at the right time!

However, other factors and explained by this man….

150

Johnny Come Lately?

Few expressions have given rise to

more earnest controversy than this.

On two things at least we can speak with certainty. Entrance into a heathen

house did Levitically render impure for

that day - that is, till the evening. The fact of such defilement is clearly

attested both in the New Testament

and in the Mishnah, though its reasons

might be various. A person who had

151

Johnny Come Lately?

so become Levitically unclean was

technically called teḇul yom (‘bathed of

the day’). The other point is, that, to have so become ‘impure’ for the day,

would not have disqualified for eating

the Paschal Lamb, since the meal was partaken of after the evening, and

when a new day had begun. In fact, it

is distinctly laid down that the ‘bathed

of the day,’ that is, he who had been

152

Johnny Come Lately?

impure for the day and had bathed in

the evening, did partake of the

Paschal Supper, and an instance is related, when some soldiers who had

guarded the gates of Jerusalem

immersed, and ate the Paschal Lamb. It follows that those Sanhedrists could

not have abstained from entering the

Palace of Pilate because by so doing they would have been disqualified for

153

Johnny Come Lately?

the Paschal Supper. The point is of

importance, because many writers

have interpreted the expression ‘the Passover’ as referring to the Paschal

Supper, and have argued that,

according to the Fourth Gospel, our Lord did not on the previous evening

partake of the Paschal Lamb, or else

that in this respect the account of the

Fourth Gospel does not accord with

154

Johnny Come Lately?

that of the Synoptists.

But as, for the reason just stated, it

is impossible to refer the expression ‘Passover’ to the Paschal Supper, we have only to inquire whether the term is not also applied to other offerings. And here both the Old Testament and Jewish writings show, that the term pesaḥ, or ‘Passover,’

155

Johnny Come Lately?

was applied not only to the Paschal

Lamb, but to all the Passover

sacrifices, especially, to, what was called the agigah, or festive

offering (from ag, or agag, to

bring the festive sacrifice usual at each of the three Great Feasts).’

Alfred Edersheim, The Life and Times

of Jesus the Messiah, Bk V, Ch 14

Johnny Come Lately?

Edersheim, an Orthodox Jew and

Talmudic scholar who converted to

Christianity, concludes:

We can therefore quite understand that, not on the eve of the Passover, but on the first Paschal day, the Sanhedrists would avoid incurring a defilement which, lasting till the evening, would not

Johnny Come Lately?

only have involved them in the

inconvenience of Levitical defilement

on the first festive day, but have actually prevented their offering on

that day the Passover, festive

sacrifice, or agigah. John is therefore not running behind. Most did their Pesach on the 14 th and rules exist to explain why some may have waited a day.

158

Misconception #8: Even if aramaic explains “preparation daY” is not a Friday, I believe in

Misconception #8:

Even if aramaic explains

“preparation daY” is not a Friday, I believe in the

greek NT and it disagrees

with you!

No Explanation from the Greek?

Here is, I believe, the most remarkable

Messianic prophecy that you have

never heard of before… Yahweh has sworn by the pride of Jacob, 'Never will I forget anything they have done.’ Will not the earth tremble for this and all who live on it lament, as it all rises together like the Nile in Egypt, it swells and then

No Explanation from the Greek?

subsides like the Egyptian Nile? 'On

that Day- declares the Lord

Yahweh- I shall make the sun go down at noon and darken the earth

in broad daylight. I shall turn your

festivals into mourning and all your singing into lamentation; I shall

make you all wear sacking round your

waists and have all your heads shaved. I shall make it like the

No Explanation from the Greek?

mourning for an only child, and it

will end like the bitterest of days. 'The

days are coming- declares the Lord Yahweh- when I shall send a famine

on the country, not hunger for food,

not thirst for water, but famine for hearing Yahweh's word. People will

stagger from sea to sea, will wander

from the north to the east, searching for Yahweh's word, but will not find it.

No Explanation from the Greek?

Also notice the reference to the Nile

rising and falling? While that

normally happens at the start of summer with the annual inundation,

the Nile also overflowedwith

blood and frogs spilling on to the landjust before Exodus.

And of course Exodus (and the

plagues) are commemorated at Pesach!

163

No Explanation from the Greek?

'That Day, fine girls and stalwart

youths will faint from thirst. The

people who swear by the Sin of Samaria, who say, "Long live your

god, Dan!" and "Hurrah for the

pilgrimage to Beersheba!" will all fall, never to rise again.’(Amos 8:7-14 NJB)

So first of all, Abba YHWH declared

He will never forget His people. Similar words preceded Exodus…

164

No Explanation from the Greek?

Then Abba YHWH says He will

make the sun go down at noonthe

6 th hourand three Gospels tell us the sun got darkened at noon and didn’t come back until the 9 th hour. I will come back to that fact, but let’s look at the rest of the prophecy first.

Turn festivals into mourning =

Y’shua dies at the Feast of Unleavened Bread and says… 165

No Explanation from the Greek?

“Women, don’t weep for me…weep for

yourselves and your children.”

(Luke 23:28)

“I shall make it like the mourning for an only child”—and they are mourning the death of the Only

Begotten Son who is pierced while

containing Abba YHWH’s Ruach (Zechariah 12:10, Isaiah 11:1-2)!

No Explanation from the Greek?

“famine for hearing Elohim’s word” =

Because the Word made flesh who

said “my food is to do the will of my

Father” (John 6:34) has died,

resurrected and ascended to

heaven. Without the spiritual revelation from the Father, no one

can hear the Word made flesh

speak!

No Explanation from the Greek?

And finally the “death” of Dan and

Beersheba is about several things.

First, Y’shua went through Samaria in

John 4 to bring the Gospel to

Beersheba (Jacob’s well, probably dug

by his father IsaacGenesis 26, 46), and this also involved the purging of

paganism (like Dan), by calling people

“to worship the Father in spirit and in

truth”! (John 4)

168

No Explanation from the Greek?

In any case, the next three slides

will tell this story in great detail.

I encourage all of you to take your time in reviewing them at your own pace, but here’s the headlines for now.

Amos said the sun would grow dark at noonwhich happened at the execution site of Y’shua.

No Explanation from the Greek?

Then, when it happens it looks like

the day ended early, sunset at

noon.

So while the Pharisees and others started their “Thursday”, once the sun “goes down”, it is thought to be the next Hebrew day (Friday/day 6).

When the sun returns at 3 PM, it is thought to now be Friday afternoon!

No Explanation from the Greek?

The reality is the sun didn’t actually

“go down” and end the day, but

Abba YHWH put His hand over it and covered it.

And so when it’s 3 PM, the sun just

keeps going down as it normally would as Y’shua dies and then is taken for burial. So now folks think the week is ending and “the Shabbat is dawning/beginning”! 171

No Explanation from the Greek?

Later of course the people there

would realize their mistake, that the

miracle was only a local one, but the Gospels still recorded what the

people there actually thought at that

moment.

Then when the original witnesses died, and most of these were against Messiah, confusion crept in. The slides follow right now…

172

Misconception #10: Sunday dawn resurrection proves the Sabbath was moved to sunday
Misconception #10:
Sunday dawn resurrection
proves the Sabbath was
moved to sunday

Sunday Resurrection = Sunday

Sabbath Move?

As I indicated earlier, there are

many places where Y’shua

commanded Torah observance (Matthew 5:17-19, Mark 12:28-34,

Luke 16:17 and John 5:45-47; 7:19).

Paul also was a great advocate for Torah as showing the boundary of righteous and wicked behavior (Acts 24:12-14, Romans 3:31; 7:12-14)…

Sunday Resurrection = Sunday

Sabbath Move?

And even in places when the

disciples did get together on the first

day of the week, nowhere do they say the Shabbat was moved or

replaced.

Instead, it was customary to close out the Shabbat with an evening meal called “havdilah” which started Saturday sunsetthe first day of the week (Acts 20:7).

178

Sunday Resurrection = Sunday

Sabbath Move?

So just as many in my faith walk err

IMHO that Y’shua could NOT have

rose on a Sunday because that’s paganism, so too have many

Christians fell into error by declaring

the Shabbat switched over or irrelevant.

Often what seems to be NT

statements against Torah are

actually against Oral Law.

179

Sunday Resurrection = Sunday

Sabbath Move?

Getting in to many specifics on this

point goes outside our scope, but

some relevant examples of Oral Law

not written Torahas being made

obsolete include: Matthew 15:1-2,

Mark 7:9-13 (which is not about kosher food), 1 Peter 1:16-18 and many

others that I will be happy to go over at

another time. Meanwhile it is time for…

conclusions
conclusions

Conclusions

And so, when we put it all together,

I believe the picture becomes

crystal clear and beautiful.

The only confusion that comes about then is through a lack of study of both the Scripture and the historical backdrop that surrounds it.

But Abba YHWH has left enough witnesses to let us know what really

abr hdwt

Todah Rabbah

Peace and blessings

Andrew Gabriel Roth