List of members of the International Ice Hockey Federation

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Map of the world with current members of the IIHF. (Red indicates full members, blue indicates associate members and green indicates affiliate members.)

The International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) is the worldwide governing body for ice hockey and inline hockey. It is based in Zurich, Switzerland, and maintains the international ice hockey rulebook, processes international player transfers, dictates officiating guidelines and is responsible for the management of international ice hockey tournaments. The IIHF was created on 15 May 1908, under the name (in French) Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace (LIHG).[1] Belgium, France, Great Britain, Switzerland, and Bohemia (now the Czech Republic) were the founding members. The IIHF was composed entirely of European teams until 1920, when Canada and the United States joined.

Under the IIHF, there are three levels for member organizations. The highest level, and the only one in which members can vote at the IIHF Congresses, is the IIHF Full Members. These nations have their own independent ice hockey association, and regularly participate in the various IIHF-sanctioned World Championships. The IIHF Associate Members is the second level. These nations either do not have their own independent ice hockey association or have one, but have limited participation in the World Championships. The third level, IIHF Affiliate Members, is for nations that only participate in the Inline Hockey World Championships.[2]

As of 2019, there are 81 members: 56 full members, 24 associate members and one affiliate member. Algeria, Colombia, Iran, Lebanon and Uzbekistan are the newest members, all of whom joined on 26 September 2019.[3] In 2019, 52 participated in the Men's World Championships and 39 participated in the Women's World Championships.

Members[edit]

IIHF World Ranking information is accurate as of April 2020.
In the Teams column
Text in boldface indicates that the team participated in its corresponding event in 2019.
M Men's Ice Hockey World Championships
M-U20 World Junior Championships
M-U18 World Under-18 Championships
W World Women's Championships
W-U18 World Women's Under-18 Championships
Inline Inline Hockey World Championships

IIHF full members[edit]

Nation Date joined Organization President Teams Men's
Ranking
Women's
Ranking
Ref.
 Australia 11 February 1938 Ice Hockey Australia Miranda Ransome M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 35 29 [4]
 Austria[A] 18 March 1912 Austrian Ice Hockey Association Gernot Mittendorfer M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 17 14 [5]
 Azerbaijan 6 May 1992 Ice Hockey Federation of the Republic of Azerbaijan Valery Laryukov · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [6]
 Belarus 6 May 1992 Belarus Ice Hockey Federation Gennadi Savilov M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline 13 [7]
 Belgium 8 December 1908 Royal Belgian Ice Hockey Federation Pascal Nuchelmans M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 36 36 [8]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 8 May 2001 Bosnia and Herzegovina Ice Hockey Federation Senad Zaimović M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline 49 [9]
 Bulgaria 25 July 1960 Bulgarian Ice Hockey Federation Martin Milanov M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 40 38 [10]
 Canada 26 April 1920[J] Hockey Canada Scott Smith M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 1 2 [11]
 China 25 July 1963 Chinese Ice Hockey Association Cao Weidong M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 32 19 [12]
 Chinese Taipei 1 September 1983 Chinese Taipei Ice Hockey Federation Hsie Chun-huang M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 44 30 [13]
 Croatia 6 May 1992 Croatian Ice Hockey Federation Nikola Švigir M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 29 35 [14]
 Czech Republic 15 November 1908[B] Czech Ice Hockey Association Tomáš Král M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 5 7 [15]
 Denmark 27 April 1946 Danish Ice Hockey Union Henrik Bach Nielsen M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 12 11 [16]
 Estonia 17 February 1935[D] Estonian Ice Hockey Association Rauno Parras M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 27 [17]
 Finland 10 February 1928 Finnish Ice Hockey Association Harri Nummela M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 3 3 [18]
 France 20 October 1908 French Ice Hockey Federation Luc Tardif M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 14 10 [19]
 Georgia 8 May 2009 Georgian Ice Hockey National Federation Ilia Davidov M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline 38 [20]
 Germany[C] 19 September 1909 German Ice Hockey Federation Franz Reindl M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 7 8 [21]
 Great Britain 19 November 1908 Ice Hockey UK Richard Grieveson M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 19 23 [22]
 Hong Kong 30 April 1983 Hong Kong Ice Hockey Association Yeung Kit Kan M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 48 33 [23]
 Hungary 24 January 1927 Hungarian Ice Hockey Federation György Such M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 21 12 [24]
 Iceland 6 May 1992 Ice Hockey Iceland Þórhallur Viðarsson M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 33 31 [25]
 India 27 April 1989 Ice Hockey Association of India Harjinder Singh M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline [26]
 Ireland 26 September 1996 Irish Ice Hockey Association Aaron Guli M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline [27]
 Israel 1 May 1991 Ice Hockey Federation of Israel Levav Weinberg M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline 34 [28]
 Italy 24 January 1924 Italian Ice Sports Federation Andrea Gios M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 15 17 [29]
 Japan[E] 26 January 1930 Japan Ice Hockey Federation Akihisa Mizuno M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 24 6 [30]
 Kazakhstan 6 May 1992 Kazakhstan Ice Hockey Federation Askar Mamin M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 16 21 [31]
 Kuwait 8 May 2009 Kuwait Ice Hockey Association Faheed Hamas Al-Ajmi M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline 51 [32]
 Kyrgyzstan 14 May 2011 Ice Hockey Federation of the Kyrgyz Republic Anvar Omorkanov M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline 52 [33]
 Latvia 22 February 1931[D] Latvian Ice Hockey Federation Aigars Kalvītis M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 10 22 [34]
 Lithuania 19 February 1938[D] Hockey Lietuva Dainius Zubrus M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 23 40 [35]
 Luxembourg 23 March 1912 Luxembourg Ice Hockey Federation René Ludovicy M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline 43 [36]
 Malaysia 28 September 2006 Malaysia Ice Hockey Federation Dato Lee Hwa Beng M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 53 [37]
 Mexico 30 April 1985 Mexico Ice Hockey Federation Joaquín de la Garma M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 37 26 [38]
 Mongolia 15 May 1999 Mongolian Ice Hockey Federation Dorj Davaasambuu M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [39]
 Netherlands 20 January 1935 Netherlands Ice Hockey Association Jan Hopstaken M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 28 18 [40]
 New Zealand 2 May 1977 New Zealand Ice Hockey Federation Andy Mills M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 39 32 [41]
 North Korea 8 August 1963 Ice Hockey Association of the DPR Korea Kim Kyong-jun M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 41 28 [42]
 Norway 20 January 1935 Norwegian Ice Hockey Association Tage Pettersen M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 11 13 [43]
 Philippines 20 May 2016 Federation of Ice Hockey League Christopher G. Sy M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 54 [44]
 Poland 11 January 1926 Polish Ice Hockey Federation Mirosław Minkina M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 22 20 [45]
 Qatar 18 May 2012 Qatar Winter Sports Committee Rashed Majed Al-Sulaiti M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [46]
 Romania 24 January 1924 Romanian Ice Hockey Federation Alexandru Hălăucă M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 25 34 [47]
 Russia 1 April 1952[F] Ice Hockey Federation of Russia Vladislav Tretiak M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 2 4 [48]
 Serbia 1 January 1939[G] Serbian Ice Hockey Association Marko Milovanović M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline 30 [49]
 Slovakia 2 February 1993 Slovak Ice Hockey Federation Miroslav Šatan M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 9 15 [50]
 Slovenia 6 May 1992 Ice Hockey Federation of Slovenia Matjaž Rakovec M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 20 24 [51]
 South Africa 25 February 1937 South African Ice Hockey Federation Hannes Botha M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 46 37 [52]
 South Korea 25 July 1960 Korea Ice Hockey Association Chung Mong-won M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 18 16 [53]
 Spain 10 March 1923 Spanish Ice Sports Federation Frank González M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 31 25 [54]
 Sweden 23 March 1912 Swedish Ice Hockey Association Anders Larsson M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 4 9 [55]
  Switzerland 23 November 1908 Swiss Ice Hockey Federation Michael Rindlisbacher M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 8 5 [56]
 Thailand 27 April 1989 Ice Hockey Association of Thailand M. L. Krisada Kasemsunt M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 50 [57]
 Turkey 1 May 1991 Turkish Ice Hockey Federation Halit Albayrak M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 42 27 [58]
 Turkmenistan 15 May 2015 Turkmenistan Ice Hockey Federation Jora Hudayberdiyev M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline 45 [59]
 Ukraine 6 May 1992 Ice Hockey Federation of Ukraine Anatoliy Brezvin M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 26 39 [60]
 United Arab Emirates 10 May 2001 UAE Ice Sports Federation Ahmed Mubarak Al-Mazrouei M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 47 [61]
 United States 22 March 1947[I] USA Hockey Jim Smith M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline 6 1 [62]

^ A. Austria was expelled from the IIHF in 1920, then re-admitted on January 24, 1924. It was again expelled in 1939 and re-admitted on 27 April 1946.[63]
^ B. The IIHF recognizes Bohemia, which joined in 1908, and Czechoslovakia as the predecessors to the Czech Republic, which officially became a member in 1993.
^ C. Germany was expelled in 1920, then re-admitted on January 11, 1926. It was again expelled on 27 April 1946. West Germany and East Germany were admitted into the IIHF in 1951 and 1954, respectively. Following their reunification, Germany was re-admitted into the IIHF on 3 October 1990.[64]
^ D. In 1940, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania were annexed by the Soviet Union. Their membership expired on 27 April 1946. The three nations were re-admitted into the IIHF on 6 May 1992.[65][66][67]
^ E. Japan was expelled from the IIHF on 27 April 1946, then re-admitted on 10 March 1951.[68]
^ F. The IIHF recognizes the Soviet Union, which joined in 1952, as the predecessor to Russia, which officially became a member in 1992.
^ G. The IIHF recognizes Yugoslavia, which joined in 1939, as the predecessor to Serbia, which officially became a member on 28 September 2006.
^ H. Armenia was suspended by the IIHF in April 2010, for use of ineligible players on their national team that participated in the 2010 IIHF World Championship Division III Group B in Yerevan, Armenia.[69].
^ I. On 22 March 1947, the LIHG chose to recognize the Amateur Hockey Association of the United States instead of the Amateur Athletic Union as the governing body of ice hockey in the United States, as part of the merger with the International Ice Hockey Association.[70]
^ J. The Canadian Amateur Hockey Association withdrew from the LIHG on 13 April 1944,[71] then rejoined on 22 March 1947, as part of the merger with the International Ice Hockey Association.[70]

IIHF Associate Members[edit]

Nation Date joined Organization President Teams Men's
Ranking
Women's
Ranking
Ref.
 Algeria 26 September 2019 Algerian Association of Ice and Inline Hockey Karim Kerbouche M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [72]
 Andorra 4 May 1995 Andorran Federation of Ice Sports Josep Garcia M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [73]
 Argentina 31 May 1998 Argentine Association of Ice and In-Line Hockey Hector Iannicelli M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline [74]
 Armenia[H] 22 September 1999 Ice Hockey Federation of Armenia Vahram Sargsyan M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [75]
 Brazil 26 June 1984 Brazilian Ice Sports Federation Matheus Figueiredo M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [76]
 Colombia 26 September 2019 Colombian Ice Hockey Federation Daniel Fierro Torres M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [77]
 Greece 29 April 1987 Hellenic Winter Sports Federation Dimosthenis Gyrousis M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [78]
 Indonesia 20 May 2016 Indonesia Ice Hockey Federation Ronald Situmeang M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [79]
 Iran 26 September 2019 Islamic Republic of Iran Skating Federation Bahman Mohammad Rezaei M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [80]
 Jamaica 18 May 2012 Jamaican Olympic Ice Hockey Federation Edmond J. Phillipps Jr. M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [81]
 Lebanon 26 September 2019 Lebanese Ice Hockey Federation Charles El-Mir M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [82]
 Liechtenstein 4 October 2001 Liechtenstein Ice Hockey Federation Martin Rüdisühli M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [83]
 Macau 12 May 2005 Macau Ice Sports Federation Andrew Chan Chak Mo M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline [84]
 Moldova 21 May 2008 National Ice Hockey Federation of the Republic of Moldova Iurii Topală · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [85]
 Morocco 22 May 2010 Royal Moroccan Ice Hockey Federation Khalid Mrini M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [86]
   Nepal 20 May 2016 Nepal Ice Hockey Association Bhuwan Pathak · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [87]
 North Macedonia 4 October 2001 Macedonian Ice Hockey Federation Nikola Tasev M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [88]
 Oman 24 May 2014 Oman Ice Sports Committee Said Ali Hassan Al-Zaabi M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [89]
 Portugal 13 May 1999 Winter Sports Federation of Portugal Pedro Miguel dos Santos Farromba M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [90]
 Singapore 2 May 1996 Singapore Ice Hockey Association Alphonsus Joseph M · M-U20 · M-U18 · W · W-U18 · inline [91]
 Uzbekistan 26 September 2019 Uzbekistan Ice Hockey Federation Bakhtiyor Fazilov M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [92]

IIHF Affiliate Members[edit]

Nation Date joined Organization President Teams Ref.
 Chile 22 September 1999 Federación Nacional de Hockey en Hielo y en Línea No active president M · M-U20 · M-U18 ·· W-U18 · inline [93]

Former IIHF Members[edit]

Nation Date joined IIHF Date left IIHF Organization Reason
 Bohemia 15 November 1908[94] 1920[95] Bohemian Hockey Union Membership rights transferred to the newly established Czechoslovakia.
 Czechoslovakia 1920[95] 31 December 1992[96] Czechoslovak Hockey Union Membership rights transferred to the Czech Republic.
 East Germany 9 June 1954[64] 3 October 1990[64] German Ice Skating Federation of the GDR Reunification of East and West Germany.
 West Germany 10 March 1951[64] 3 October 1990[64] German Ice Hockey Federation Reunification of East and West Germany, membership rights transferred to Germany.
 Namibia 31 May 1998 19 May 2017[97] Namibia Ice and InLine Hockey Association Withdrew from IIHF membership and was removed entirely. Still maintain inline hockey and as a member of World Skate.
 Soviet Union 1 April 1952 6 May 1992[98] Soviet Union Ice Hockey Federation Membership rights transferred to Russia.
 Yugoslavia 1 January 1939 31 December 1992[96] Ice Hockey Federation of Yugoslavia Membership rights transferred to Serbia after split of Yugoslavia.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "It all started in Paris, 1908". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 1 March 2009.
  2. ^ "Members". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  3. ^ "Five new countries join IIHF". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  4. ^ "Australia". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  5. ^ "Austria". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  6. ^ "Azerbaijan". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  7. ^ "Belarus". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  8. ^ "Belgium". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  9. ^ "Bosnia & Herzegovina". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  10. ^ "Bulgaria". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  11. ^ "Canada". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  12. ^ "China". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  13. ^ "Chinese Taipei". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  14. ^ "Croatia". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  15. ^ "Czech Republic". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  16. ^ "Denmark". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  17. ^ "Estonia". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  18. ^ "Finland". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  19. ^ "France". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  20. ^ "Georgia". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  21. ^ "Germany". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  22. ^ "Great Britain". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  23. ^ "Hong Kong". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  24. ^ "Hungary". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  25. ^ "Iceland". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  26. ^ "India". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  27. ^ "Ireland". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  28. ^ "Israel". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  29. ^ "Italy". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  30. ^ "Japan". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  31. ^ "Kazakhstan". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  32. ^ "Kuwait". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  33. ^ "Kyrgyzstan". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  34. ^ "Latvia". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  35. ^ "Lithuania". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  36. ^ "Luxembourg". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  37. ^ "Malaysia". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  38. ^ "Mexico". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  39. ^ "Mongolia". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  40. ^ "Netherlands". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  41. ^ "New Zealand". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  42. ^ "DPR Korea". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  43. ^ "Norway". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  44. ^ "Philippines". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  45. ^ "Poland". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  46. ^ "Qatar". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  47. ^ "Romania". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  48. ^ "Russia". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  49. ^ "Serbia". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  50. ^ "Slovakia". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  51. ^ "Slovenia". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  52. ^ "South Africa". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  53. ^ "Korea". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  54. ^ "Spain". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  55. ^ "Sweden". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  56. ^ "Switzerland". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  57. ^ "Thailand". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  58. ^ "Turkey". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  59. ^ "Turkmenistan". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  60. ^ "Ukraine". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  61. ^ "United Arab Emirates". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  62. ^ "United States". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  63. ^ Podnieks 2010, pp. 53–54
  64. ^ a b c d e Podnieks 2010, pp. 67–69
  65. ^ Podnieks 2010, p. 70
  66. ^ Podnieks 2010, p. 89
  67. ^ Podnieks 2010, p. 94
  68. ^ Podnieks 2010, pp. 92–93
  69. ^ "Welcome Morocco". International Ice Hockey Federation. 22 May 2010.
  70. ^ a b "C.A.H.A. Gains Few Points At Prague Hockey Confab". Winnipeg Tribune. Winnipeg, Manitoba. 22 March 1947. p. 33.Free to read
  71. ^ "Old Slate Of Officers Re-elected By C.A.H.A." Lethbridge Herald. Lethbridge, Alberta. 13 April 1944. p. 10.Free to read
  72. ^ "Algeria". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  73. ^ "Andorra". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  74. ^ "Argentina". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  75. ^ "Armenia". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  76. ^ "Brazil". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  77. ^ "Colombia". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  78. ^ "Greece". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  79. ^ "Indonesia". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  80. ^ "Iran". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  81. ^ "Jamaica". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  82. ^ "Lebanon". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  83. ^ "Liechtenstein". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  84. ^ "Macau". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  85. ^ "Moldova". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  86. ^ "Morocco". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  87. ^ "Nepal". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  88. ^ "North Macedonia". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  89. ^ "Oman". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  90. ^ "Portugal". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  91. ^ "Singapore". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  92. ^ "Uzbekistan". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  93. ^ "Chile". International Ice Hockey Federation. 26 September 2019.
  94. ^ "1908-1913". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 13 May 2009.
  95. ^ a b "1914-1933". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 13 May 2009.
  96. ^ a b "1990-today". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 13 May 2009.
  97. ^ "Namibia is not listed as a IIHF member any more?". Twitter. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
  98. ^ Szemberg, Szymon; Podnieks, Andrew (2008). "Story #42: Breakup of old Europe creates a new hockey world". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 13 May 2009.

References[edit]

External links[edit]