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Nobility

Index Nobility

Nobility is a social class in aristocracy, normally ranked immediately under royalty, that possesses more acknowledged privileges and higher social status than most other classes in a society and with membership thereof typically being hereditary. [1]

3710 relations: A Deusa Vencida, A Lei e o Crime, Aarnoud van Heemstra, Abaza family, Abbot Scotland v Hamo the Sherrif, Abd ar-Rahman III, Abdul Hamid II, Abdul-Haqq Dehlavi, Abh, Abram Petrovich Gannibal, Absolute monarchy, Absolute monarchy in France, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, Accademia degli Incogniti, Accademia degli Umoristi, Accolade, Acinaces, Ada (name), Adafersaw Yenadu, Adalard the Seneschal, Adalbard, Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwell, Adam Kazanowski, Adam Michał Czartoryski, Adam Philippe, Comte de Custine, Adam Stefan Sapieha, Adam Václav Michna z Otradovic, Adarga, Adelborg, Adelsö, Adelsköld, Adelswärd (noble family), Adlam (name), Adlersparre, Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Adolf Mošinsky, Adolf von Baeyer, Adolf von Sonnenthal, Adragna family, Adrien Duport, Adrien Maurice de Noailles, Af Hällström, Afanasy Ordin-Nashchokin, Afonso IV of Portugal, African military systems to 1800, Aga Khan IV, Agatanushi, Agenda (liturgy), Aghazadeh, Agnes Hotot, ..., Agnes, daughter of 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tot Voorst, Van Zuylen van Nijevelt, Varg Vikernes, Varvara Golitsyna, Vasco da Gama, Vasili III of Russia, Vasily Bazhenov, Vasily Perov, Völkisch equality, Venetian rule in the Ionian Islands, Ventura García-Sancho, Marquis of Aguilar de Campoo, Vezirishvili, Vicente Bacallar, Vicente Sartorius y Cabeza de Vaca, Victor Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire, Victoria Eugenia Fernández de Córdoba, 18th Duchess of Medinaceli, Victorian painting, Viking raids in the Rhineland, Viktor Gutmann, Villacorta, Vincent Ferrer, Vincenzo Tanara, Viper in the Fist, Virgil von Graben, Virginia Centurione Bracelli, Visayas, Viscount, Viscount of Cardoso da Silva, Viscount of Molelos, Vitaliano di Iacopo Vitaliani, Vitaliano Visconti, Vittoria Colonna, Vittorio Dabormida, Vittorio Ranuzzi de' Bianchi, Vittorio Spreti, Vivian family (baronets and barons), Vlašim family, Vladimir Nalivkin, Vladimir Orlovsky, Vladislav Vančura, Vlaho Kabužić, Vlastos, Vlatko Vuković, Vodopić, Vogt, Vojinović noble family, Vojnović noble family, Voldemar Aussem, Volkert Overlander, Vologne, Von, Von Pfersfeld, Von Rothstein, Vorontsov, Vučić family, Vuk Branković, Wacław Potocki, Walatta Petros, Walenty Łukawski, Walter (abbot of Evesham), Walther von Seydlitz-Kurzbach, Wanke nicht, mein Vaterland, War in the Vendée, War of the Remences, Warlord, Wars of the Roses, Wartenberg, Hesse, Wākea, Włocłavia Włocławek, Wedding dress, Wedding of Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and Countess Stéphanie de Lannoy, Wedding of Prince Philippe and Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz, Weimar Constitution, Welsh rarebit, Wenceslao Ramírez de Villa-Urrutia, 1st Marquis of Villa-Urrutia, Wendel Hipler, Werl, Wernher von Braun, Wessem, Wet nurse, Whitaker's Almanack, Wilamowice, Wildbannforst, Wilhelm Mauritz Klingspor, Wilhelmina Maria Frederica of Rochlitz, Willem Eggert, Willem van Haren, William Óg de Burgh, William Berkeley (Royal Navy officer), William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington, William Boyd, 4th Earl of Kilmarnock, William Burke, Lord of Bealatury, William Craven, 3rd Baron Craven, William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton, William de Brantingham, William de Lancaster I, William de Ufford, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, William de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke, William FitzHugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh, William Gordon (Bishop of Aberdeen), William I, Lord of Douglas, William Longleg, Lord of Douglas, William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, William Sinclair, 2nd Earl of Caithness, William Stone (Maryland governor), William the Carpenter, William the Hardy, Lord of Douglas, William the Silent, William Thompson Casson, William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, William Trench, 3rd Earl of Clancarty, William V, Marquess of Montferrat, Window shutter hardware, Wingård, Witenagemot, Wolbodo, Wolf Huber, Wolf hunting, Wolf-Speaker, Wolfershausen, Wolfgang von Graben, Wolfgang von Weisl, Women in Maya society, Wonju Byeon clan, Wonju Won clan, Worawongsathirat, Worshipful Company of Wax Chandlers, Worthing, Wouter Berthout van Ranst, Wróblewski (Ślepowron), Wróblewski (Lubicz), Writ, Wulfrun, Wulfthryth of Wilton, Wulviva, Wuraola Esan, Wurmbrand-Stuppach, Wysoczański, Xinhai Revolution, Yabluniv, Yahia Ben Rabbi, Yakov Knyazhnin, Yan Vyshatich, Yangcheon Heo clan, Yangju Nang clan, Yangsan Jin clan, Yekaterina von Engelhardt, Yeoheung Min clan, Yeomanry Cavalry, Yeonan Myeong clan, Yeongam Jong clan, Yeongcheon Hwangbo clan, Yeongdo Ha clan, Yeongsan Shin clan, Yeongwol Eom clan, Yeongwon O clan, Yeongyang Cheon clan, Yeongyang Gim clan, Yeongyang Nam clan, Yeonil No clan, Yeonir O clan, Yeosan Song clan, Yeoyang Jin clan, Yi clan of Chonghae, Yi clan of Jeonju, Yi clan of Yonan, Yodong Muk clan, Yoko Ono, Yonggang Paeng clan, Yonggung Gok clan, York, Young Latvians, Younger (title), Yoyang Ja clan, Yuskevich, Zacharias Mar Athanasios, Zahir Shah Mirza, Zahra Aga Khan, Zaventem, Zawisza Czarny, Zawisza Czerwony, Zápolya family, Zedtwitz, Zeman, Zeppelin (surname), Zillebeke Churchyard Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery, Zoe of Rome, Zwolle, Zygmunt Kazanowski, Zygmunt Szczotkowski, 1000, 1001, 1002, 1003, 1004, 1005, 1006, 1007, 1008, 1009, 1010, 1011, 1012, 1013, 1014, 1015, 1016, 1017, 1018, 1020, 1021, 1022, 1280s BC, 13th century BC, 1489 in Portugal, 1515 in Portugal, 1733 slave insurrection on St. John, 1832 Georgian plot, 1832 in France, 1913 in France, 1st Parachute Hussar Regiment, 2010 ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships, 2012–13 Chicago Blackhawks season, 238 BC, 379, 3D&T, 409, 430, 432, 488, 494, 496, 513, 532, 575, 577, 584, 590, 5th Dalai Lama, 600, 603, 623, 630s BC, 632 BC, 634, 636, 668, 673, 675, 677, 695, 697, 698, 702, 710, 714, 715, 716, 720, 723, 724, 726, 731, 737, 738, 744, 746, 750, 757, 759, 762, 764, 766, 768, 770, 771, 777, 780, 781, 782, 783, 785, 786, 793, 794, 795, 799, 7th arrondissement of Paris, 7th century BC, 800, 802, 806, 807, 809, 810, 811, 812, 813, 814, 817, 820, 821, 824, 825, 826, 827, 829, 830, 834, 835, 836, 837, 838, 839, 840, 841, 842, 843, 844, 845, 846, 848, 850, 851, 853, 854, 855, 856, 860, 863, 864, 866, 867, 868, 870, 871, 873, 874, 875, 876, 877, 878, 879, 880, 882, 886, 887, 888, 890, 892, 893, 894, 895, 896, 897, 898, 899, 8th century in poetry, 900, 902, 903, 904, 905, 906, 907, 908, 909, 910, 912, 913, 914, 915, 916, 917, 918, 920, 921, 922, 923, 924, 925, 926, 929, 930, 931, 932, 933, 935, 937, 938, 939, 940, 941, 942, 943, 948, 949, 950, 951, 952, 953, 955, 956, 957, 960, 961, 962, 963, 964, 965, 966, 967, 968, 970, 972, 973, 974, 975, 976, 978, 979, 980, 981, 983, 985, 987, 988, 989, 990, 991, 992, 993, 994, 995, 996, 997, 998. Expand index (3660 more) »

A Deusa Vencida

A Deusa Vencida is a 1980 Brazilian telenovela, broadcast on TV Bandeirantes, directed by Walter Avancini and written by Ivani Ribeiro.

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A Lei e o Crime

A Lei e o Crime (Portuguese for The Law and the Crime) is a Brazilian serial dramatic television series, created by Marcílio Moraes, produced and broadcast by Rede Record, which premiered on January 9, 2009.

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Aarnoud van Heemstra

Aarnoud Jan Anne Aleid, Baron van Heemstra (22 July 1871 – 30 December 1957) was a Dutch nobleman, jurist and politician.

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Abaza family

The Abaza family (الأسرة الأباظية), is an Egyptian family that has had an influential role in Egyptian cultural, economic, intellectual and political life since their establishment in Egypt in the late 18th century to modern times.

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Abbot Scotland v Hamo the Sherrif

Abbot Scotland v Hamo the Sherrif or more precisely versus Hamo the Steward, Sheriff of Kent as agent for (or chief tenant of) Bishop Odo of Bayeux, the Earl of Kent (1076) was a determination by William the Conquorer of an English land law suit.

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Abd ar-Rahman III

Abd ar-Rahman III (′Abd ar-Rahmān ibn Muhammad ibn ′Abd Allāh ibn Muhammad ibn ′abd ar-Rahman ibn al-Hakam ar-Rabdi ibn Hisham ibn ′abd ar-Rahman ad-Dakhil; عبد الرحمن الثالث; 11 January 889/9115 October 961) was the Emir and Caliph of Córdoba (912–961) of the Umayyad dynasty in al-Andalus.

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Abdul Hamid II

Abdul Hamid II (عبد الحميد ثانی, `Abdü’l-Ḥamīd-i sânî; İkinci Abdülhamit; 21 September 184210 February 1918) was the 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the last Sultan to exert effective control over the fracturing state.

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Abdul-Haqq Dehlavi

Sheikh Abdul-Haq Muhaddith Dehlawi (شیخ عبدالحق محدث دهلوی) or Al-Muhaddith Shaykh Abdul-Haqq Dehlavi was an Islamic scholar.

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Abh

The Abh (Japanese:アーヴ, Pronunciation) are space-dwelling people in the fictional universe of Crest of the Stars.

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Abram Petrovich Gannibal

Abram Petrovich Gannibal, also Hannibal or Ganibal, or Abram Hannibal or Abram Petrov (Абра́м Петро́вич Ганниба́л; 1696 – 14 May 1781), was a Russian military engineer, general, and nobleman of African origin.

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Absolute monarchy

Absolute monarchy, is a form of monarchy in which one ruler has supreme authority and where that authority is not restricted by any written laws, legislature, or customs.

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Absolute monarchy in France

Absolute monarchy in France slowly emerged in the 16th century and became firmly established during the 17th century.

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Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi

Abū Bakr al-Baghdadi (أبو بكر البغدادي; born Ibrahim Awad Ibrahim al-Badri إبراهيم عواد إبراهيم علي محمد البدري السامرائي in 1971) is the leader of the Salafi jihadist militant terrorist organisation known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL),Rewards for Justice – Retrieved 25 January 2017 which controls territory in several countries.

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Accademia degli Incogniti

The Accademia degli Incogniti (Academy of the Unknowns) was a learned society of freethinking intellectuals, mainly noblemen, that significantly influenced the cultural and political life of mid-17th century Venice.

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Accademia degli Umoristi

The Accademia degli Umoristi (Academy of the Humorists) was a learned society of intellectuals, mainly noblemen, that significantly influenced the cultural life of 17th century Rome.

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Accolade

The accolade (also known as dubbing or adoubement) (benedictio militis) was the central act in the rite of passage ceremonies conferring knighthood in the Middle Ages.

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Acinaces

The acinaces, also spelled akinakes (Greek ἀκῑνάκης) or akinaka (unattested Old Persian *akīnakah, Sogdian kynʼk) is a type of dagger or short sword used mainly in the first millennium BC in the eastern Mediterranean region, especially by the Medes, Scythians and Persians, then by the Greeks.

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Ada (name)

Ada is a feminine given name.

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Adafersaw Yenadu

Adefrsew Yenadu(1873 - 1950) was an army commander, a member of the nobility of the Ethiopian Empire, and a patriot.

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Adalard the Seneschal

Adalard, also known as Adalhard or Alard, and called the Seneschal, was a Frankish nobleman of the 9th century.

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Adalbard

Adalbert I of Ostrevent was a 7th-century nobleman and saint.

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Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwell

Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwell (born c. 1492, died 9 September 1513) was a Scottish nobleman, who succeeded his father Patrick Hepburn, 1st Earl of Bothwell in 1508.

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Adam Kazanowski

Adam Kazanowski (c. 1599 – 25 December, 1649) was a noble of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1633, Greater Crown Stolnik from 1634, Court Chamberlain (podkomorzy koronny) and castellan of Sandomierz from 1637, Court Marshall from 1643, żupnik of Wieliczka from 1642, starosta barcicki, borysowski, kozienicki, rumieński, solecki, nowotarski, warecki, bielski and a close and influential friend of King Władysław IV Vasa.

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Adam Michał Czartoryski

Prince Adam Michał Czartoryski (1906–1998) was a Polish noble (szlachcic) of the Czartoryski magnate.

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Adam Philippe, Comte de Custine

Adam Philippe, Comte de Custine (4 February 174028 August 1793) was a French general.

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Adam Stefan Sapieha

Prince Adam Stefan Stanisław Bonifacy Józef Sapieha (14 May 1867 – 23 July 1951) was a Polish cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Kraków.

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Adam Václav Michna z Otradovic

Adam Václav Michna z Otradovic – literally Adam Václav Michna of Otradovice – (1600 – 2 November 1676, Jindřichův Hradec) was a Czech Catholic poet, composer, hymn writer, organist and choir leader of the early Baroque era.

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Adarga

The adarga was a hard leather shield used originally by the Moors of Spain, its name derived from the Arabic "al-daraqa" ("shield").

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Adelborg

Adelborg is a Swedish noble family, which consists of two different lines.

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Adelsö

Adelsö is an island in the middle of Lake Mälaren in Sweden, near southern and northern Björkfjärden.

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Adelsköld

Adelsköld is the surname of a noble Swedish family.

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Adelswärd (noble family)

Adelswärd was a Swedish noble family, introduced at Riddarhuset as noble family number 1707, which consists of two lines, related through female line.

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Adlam (name)

Adlam is an English noble surname derived from the Anglo Saxon Adel helm, meaning "eagle shield" or "noble protector".

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Adlersparre

Adlersparre is a Swedish noble family, which is descended from the mayor of Bogesund (which is now named Ulricehamn) Christopher Andersson, who was active during the earlier half of the 17th century.

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Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld

Baron Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld (18 November 1832, Helsinki, Finland12 August 1901, Dalbyö in Södermanland, Sweden) was a Finnish baron, geologist, mineralogist and Arctic explorer.

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Adolf Mošinsky

Adolf pl. Mošinsky (1843–1907) was a mayor of Zagreb from 1892 to 1904.

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Adolf von Baeyer

Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer (31 October 1835 – 20 August 1917) was a German chemist who synthesised indigo, developed a nomenclature for cyclic compounds (that was subsequently extended and adopted as part of the IUPAC organic nomenclature).

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Adolf von Sonnenthal

Adolf von Sonnenthal (21 December 18344 April 1909), Austrian actor, was born of Jewish parentage in Budapest.

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Adragna family

The Adragna family is an Italian noble house.

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Adrien Duport

Adrien Duport (6 February 17596 July 1798) was a French politician, and lawyer.

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Adrien Maurice de Noailles

Adrien Maurice de Noailles, 3rd Duke of Noailles (29 September 1678 – 24 June 1766) was a French nobleman and soldier.

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Af Hällström

Af Hällström is a Finnish noble family.

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Afanasy Ordin-Nashchokin

Afanasy Lavrentievich Ordin-Nashchokin (Афанасий Лаврентьевич Ордин-Нащокин) (1605–1680) was one of the most important Russian statesmen of the 17th century.

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Afonso IV of Portugal

Afonso IVEnglish: Alphonzo or Alphonse, or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin).

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African military systems to 1800

African military systems to 1800 refers to the evolution of military systems on the African continent prior to 1800, with emphasis on the role of indigenous states and peoples.

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Aga Khan IV

Prince Shah Karim Al Hussaini, Aga Khan IV, (شاه كريم الحسيني، الآغاخان الرابع; شاه کریم حسینی، آقاخان چهارم; شاه کریم حسینی، آغاخان چهارم; Aga Khan is also transliterated as Aqa Khan and Agha Khan; born 13 December 1936) is the 49th and current Imam of Nizari Ismailism, a denomination of Isma'ilism within Shia Islam consisting of an estimated 10-15 million adherents (10—12% of the world's Shia Muslim population).

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Agatanushi

was the name of an ancient title of nobility in the kabane system of Yamato period Japan from the 4th through 6th century AD, before the introduction of the Ritsuryō system.

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Agenda (liturgy)

The name Agenda (“Things to be Done”; Germ. Agende or Kirchenagende) is given, particularly in the Lutheran Church, to the official books dealing with the forms and ceremonies of divine service.

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Aghazadeh

Aghazadeh (noble-born) is a term that entered the colloquialism in Iran in the 1990s to describe the children of elite who emerge as the men of means and influence, usually in a way that resembles familial nepotism and corruption.

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Agnes Hotot

Agnes Hotot was a 14th-century English noblewoman known for besting a man in a lance fight.

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Agnes, daughter of Ottokar II

Agnes (before 1260 – after 1279) was a natural daughter of Bohemian king Ottokar II with his mistress Agnes of Kuenring.

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Agneta Rosenbröijer

Agneta Rosenbröijer (1620- 11 September 1697), was a Finnish (Swedish) noblewoman and business person.

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Agoston Haraszthy

Agoston Haraszthy (Haraszthy Ágoston,; August 30, 1812, Pest, Hungary – July 6, 1869, Corinto, Nicaragua) was a Hungarian-American nobleman, adventurer, traveler, writer, town-builder, and pioneer winemaker in Wisconsin and California, often referred to as the "Father of California Viticulture," or the "Father of Modern Winemaking in California".

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Agriculture in Mauritania

Located in the Sahelian and Saharan zones, Mauritania has one of the poorest agricultural bases in West Africa.

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Agustín de Iturbide

Agustín Cosme Damián de Iturbide y Arámburu (27 September 178319 July 1824), also known as Augustine of Mexico, was a Mexican army general and politician.

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Ahalolfings

The Ahalolfings or Alaholfings were a noble family of Alemannia in the Early Middle Ages.

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Ahlefeldt (noble family)

Ahlefeldt is a Danish and German family of high nobility.

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Ahlen

Ahlen is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

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Ahmed Koulamallah

Ahmed Koulamallah (11 February 1912 – 5 September 1995) was a prominent politician in Colonial Chad.

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Ahom–Mughal conflicts

Ahom–Mughal conflicts refer to the period between the first Mughal attack on the Ahom kingdom in 1615 and the final Battle of Itakhuli in 1682.

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Aisha Bibi

The Aisha-Bibi (Айша бибі) is an 11th or 12th-century mausoleum for a noble woman located in the village of Aisha Bibi, west of Taraz, Kazakhstan on the Silk Road.

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Aji (Ryukyu)

Aji An aji, anji, or azu was a ruler of a petty kingdom in the history of the Ryukyu Islands.

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Akizuki clan

The Akizuki clan (秋月氏 Akizuki-shi) is a Japanese noble family.

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Al-Jarrah ibn Abdallah

Abu ʿUqba al-Jarrah ibn ʿAbdallah al-Hakami (أبو عقبة الجراح بن عبد الله الحكمي) was an Arab nobleman and general of the Hakami tribe.

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Alanna (The Song of the Lioness)

Alanna of Trebond is a fictional character in Tamora Pierce's Tortall universe.

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Albert (given name)

Albert is a masculine given name.

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Albert Grey, 4th Earl Grey

Albert Henry George Grey, 4th Earl Grey (28 November 185129 August 1917) was a British nobleman and politician who served as Governor General of Canada, the ninth since Canadian Confederation.

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Albert Wass

Count Albert Wass de Szentegyed et Czege (Hungarian gróf szentegyedi és czegei Wass Albert; Válaszút, Kingdom of Hungary (now Răscruci, Cluj County, Romania), 1908 – Astor Park, Florida, February 17, 1998) was a Hungarian nobleman, forest engineer, novelist, poet and member of the Wass de Czege family.

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Albinus of Angers

Saint Albinus of Angers (Saint-Aubin) (c. 470 – March 1, 550) was a French abbot and bishop.

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Albizzi

The Albizzi family was a Florentine family originally based in Arezzo, who were rivals of the Medici and Alberti families.

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Albrecht Konrad Finck von Finckenstein

Albrecht Konrad Reinhold Finck von Finckenstein (30 October 1660 – 16 December 1735) was a Prussian nobleman, Field Marshal and statesman.

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Alcabala

The alcabala or alcavala was a sales tax of up to fourteen percent,Joaquín Escriche, Diccionario razonado de legislacion y jurisprudencia, Volume 1, Third Edition, Viuda e hijos de A. Calleja, 1847.

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Alcântara (Lisbon)

(São Pedro de) Alcântara is a civil parish (freguesia) of the city and municipality of Lisbon.

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Alejandro Groizard y Gómez de la Serna

Don Alejandro Groizard y Gómez de la Serna (18 June 1830 – 5 September 1919) was a Spanish noble and politician who served as Minister of State between 1894 and 1895.

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Alejandro O'Reilly

Marshal Alejandro, Conde de O'Reilly (1722, Dublin, Ireland – March 23, 1794, Bonete, Spain) (English: Alexander, Count de O'Reilly), was an Irish-born military reformer and Inspector-General of Infantry for the Spanish Empire in the second half of the 18th century.

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Aleksander Dominik Kazanowski

Aleksander Dominik Kazanowski (1605 – February 1648), was a noble (szlachcic), magnate, voivode of Bracław Voivodeship in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

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Alessandro Della Ciaia

Alessandro Della Ciaia (c. 1605-c. 1670) was an Italian nobleman and amateur composer.

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Alexander Bagration-Imeretinsky (1796–1862)

Alexander Bagration-Imeretinsky (ალექსანდრე ბაგრატიონ-იმერეტინსკი, Alek'sandre Bagration-Imeretinski; Александр Георгиевич Багратион-Имеретинский, Aleksandr Georgyevich Bagration-Imeretinsky; 1796 — 5 February 1862) was a Georgian royal prince of the Bagrationi dynasty of Imereti and a general in Imperial Russian service.

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Alexander Campbell of Carco

Alasdair Caimbeul or Alexander Campbell of Carco (died February 1608) was a Scottish noble and prelate.

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Alexander Curtius

Alexander Carolus Curtius (Aleksandras Karolis Kuršius) was a Lithuanian nobleman and scholar purported to be the first Lithuanian immigrant to The New World.

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Alexander Davidovich Nakashidze

Prince Alexander Davidovich Nakashidze (ალექსანდრე ნაკაშიძე (Alexandre Nakashidze), Александр Давидович Накашидзе) (1837 – 25 September 1905) was a Georgian nobleman and Russian imperial general who was responsible for several decisive victories against rebellious factions during the Caucasus war.

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Alexander de Erény Ullmann

Alexander de Erény Ullmann (Erényi Ullmann Sándor, 18 February 1850, in Budapest – 1897, in Budapest), was a Jewish Hungarian deputy and political economist.

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Alexander Douglas-Hamilton, 16th Duke of Hamilton

Alexander Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 16th Duke of Hamilton and 13th Duke of Brandon (born 31 March 1978) is a Scottish nobleman and the Premier Peer of Scotland.

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Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma

Alexander Farnese (Alessandro Farnese, Alejandro Farnesio) (27 August 1545 – 3 December 1592) was an Italian noble who was Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Castro from 1586 to 1592, as well as Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1578 to 1592.

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Alexander Graf Lambsdorff

Alexander Sebastian Léonce, Baron von der Wenge, Count Lambsdorff (born 5 November 1966), commonly known as Alexander, Count Lambsdorff (Alexander Graf Lambsdorff) is a German politician of the Free Democratic Party of Germany, part of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.

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Alexander I of Serbia

Alexander I or Aleksandar Obrenović (Александар Обреновић; 14 August 187611 June 1903) was king of Serbia from 1889 to 1903 when he and his wife, Queen Draga, were assassinated by a group of Army officers, led by Captain Dragutin Dimitrijević.

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Alexander Nikolaevich Manvelov

Alexander Nikolaevich Manvelov (ალექსანდრე მანველიშვილი Alexandre Manvelishvili. Манвелов, Александр Николаевич) (6 April 1824 – 2 April 1906) was a general of imperial Russia, Active Privy Councillor and a patron to several Russian civilian institutions.

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Alexander Potemkin

Alexander Potyomkin (1675–1746) was a Russian nobleman.

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Alexander von Oettingen

Alexander von Oettingen (–) was a Baltic German Lutheran theologian and statistician.

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Alexander von Ungern-Sternberg

Peter Alexander Freiherr von Ungern-Sternberg (22 April 1806 – 24 August 1869) also known as Alexander von Sternberg, was a Baltic German novelist, poet and painter who worked under the pseudonym Sylvan.

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Alexander, Prince zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn

Alexander Konrad Friedrich Heinrich Prince zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn,Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser XIX.

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Alexandre du Chayla

Count Armand Alexandre de Blanquet du Chayla (1885–1945) was a French nobleman who converted to Russian Orthodoxy.

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Alexandrine parakeet

The Alexandrine parakeet (Psittacula eupatria), also known as the Alexandrine parrot, is a medium-sized parrot in the genus Psittacula of the family Psittacidae.

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Alexei Turchaninov

Alexei Fedorovich Turchaninov, née Vasilyev (Алексей Фёдорович Турчанинов; 1704/1705–March 21, 1787) was a business magnate in the Russian Empire, grandfather of Pavel and Dmitry Solomirsky, the member of the wealthy Turchaninov family.

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Alexis Simon Belle

Alexis Simon Belle (12 January 1674 – 21 November 1734) was a French portrait painter, known for his portraits of the French and Jacobite nobility.

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Alexis-Vincent-Charles Berbiguier de Terre-Neuve du Thym

Alexis-Vincent-Charles Berbiguier de Terre-Neuve du Thym (1765 – December 3, 1851) was a French author and demonologist who may have been suffering from psychosis.

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Alfonso de Castilla y Molina

Alfonso de Castilla y Molina (1286 in Valladolid – 1291 in Valladolid) was a Spanish noble in the service of the Kingdom of Castile.

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Alfonso de Ceballos-Escalera y Gila

Alfonso de Ceballos-Escalera y Gila (born March 4, 1957 in Madrid) is a Spanish aristocrat, who holds the title of ''Marqués de la Floresta''.

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Alfoz (territory)

The geographical term alfoz (plural alfoces) was used in the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages to describe the rural territory, including villages and localities, belonging to a corresponding town, or villa in Spanish (not to be confused with villa, a type of residence).

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Alfred Cobban

Alfred Cobban (24 May 1901, London – 1 April 1968, London) was an English historian and professor of French history at University College, London, who along with prominent French historian François Furet advocated a Revisionist view of the French Revolution.

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Alfredo d'Escragnolle Taunay, Viscount of Taunay

Alfredo Maria Adriano d'Escragnolle Taunay, Viscount of Taunay (February 22, 1843 – January 25, 1899), was a French Brazilian writer, musician, professor, military engineer, historian, politician, sociologist and nobleman.

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Ali Sastroamidjojo

Raden (Lord) Dr.

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Alidius Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer

Jonkheer Alidius Warmoldus Lambertus Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer (7 March 1888 – 16 August 1978) was a Dutch nobleman and statesman, primarily noted for being the last colonial Governor-General of the Netherlands East Indies, now Indonesia.

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Allison MacKenzie

Allison MacKenzie is a fictional character and one of the protagonists in the novel Peyton Place, its sequel Return to Peyton Place, the subsequent film adaptations of both, and the primetime television series and daytime soap opera they inspired.

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Allod

An allod (Old Low Franconian allōd ‘fully owned estate’, from all ‘full, entire’ and ōd ‘estate’, Medieval Latin allodium), also allodial land or allodium, refers, in the law of the Middle Ages and early Modern Period and especially within the Holy Roman Empire, to a freehold estate in land over which the allodial landowner (allodiary) had full ownership and right of alienation.

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Almanach de Bruxelles (defunct)

The Almanach de Bruxelles is a now defunct French social register that listed royal and noble dynasties of Europe.

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Almanach de Gotha

The Almanach de Gotha (Gothaischer Hofkalender) was a directory of Europe's royalty and higher nobility, also including the major governmental, military and diplomatic corps, as well as statistical data by country.

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Alonso de Cárdenas

Alonso de Cárdenas was a Spanish noble who served as the 44th and 47th (and last) Grand Master of the Order of Santiago before the title passed to the Catholic Monarchs as the need for a powerful military order outside the direct control of the king ceased to exist with the end of the Reconquista.

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Alphonse Balat

Alphonse Hubert François Balat (15 May 1818 – 16 September 1895) was a Belgian architect.

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Altieri family

The Altieri family was an ancient noble family of Rome, present in the history of the city since the Middle Ages.

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Altleiningen Castle

Altleiningen is a castle in the Palatinate Forest in Germany.

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Alv Erlingsson

Alv Erlingsson (Alv Erlingsson den yngre, died 1290) was a Norwegian nobleman, earl of Sarpsborg and governor of Borgarsyssel.

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Alyxia

Alyxia is an Australasian genus of flowering plant in the dogbane family, Apocynaceae.

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Amalio Gimeno, 1st Count of Gimeno

Don Amalio Gimeno y Cabañas (Cartagena, Spain, 31 May 1852 – Madrid, 13 September 1936) was a Spanish nobleman, physician, scientist and politician who served as Minister of Estate, Minister of Gobernación and Minister of Marine of Spain.

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Amazonas Region

Amazonas is a region of northern Peru bordered by Ecuador on the north and west, Cajamarca Region on the west, La Libertad Region on the south, and Loreto Region and San Martín Region on the east.

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Amduat

The Amduat (literally "That Which Is In the Afterworld", also translated as "Text of the Hidden Chamber Which is in the Underworld" and "Book of What is in the Underworld") is an important Ancient Egyptian funerary text of the New Kingdom.

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Aminoff

Aminoff is a noble family of Russian origin.

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Anacharsis Cloots

Jean-Baptiste du Val-de-Grâce, baron de Cloots (24 June 1755 – 24 March 1794), better known as Anacharsis Cloots (also spelled Clootz), was a Prussian nobleman who was a significant figure in the French Revolution.

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Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.

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Ancient Macedonians

The Macedonians (Μακεδόνες, Makedónes) were an ancient tribe that lived on the alluvial plain around the rivers Haliacmon and lower Axios in the northeastern part of mainland Greece.

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Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

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Andalusian independentist conspiracy (1641)

The Andalusian independentist conspiracy in 1641 was an alleged conspiracy of Andalusian nobility for Andalusia to secede from Spain.

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Andalusians

The Andalusians (andaluces) are a Spanish ethnic group that live in the southern region in Spain approximated by what is now called Andalusia.

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Anders Sinclair

Anders Sinclair, born 1614, died 1689, was one of many Scottish soldiers that joined Swedish service during the Thirty Years' War, rising to the rank of colonel, and holding several military governorship of important fortress towns in Sweden.

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Andong No clan

Andong No clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Andor Lázár

Andor Lázár (8 March 1882 – 12 June 1971) was a Hungarian politician and jurist, who served as Minister of Justice between 1932 and 1938.

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André Tiraqueau

André Tiraqueau (Andreas Tiraquellus) (1488–1558) was a French jurist and politician.

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André-Daniel Laffon de Ladebat

André-Daniel Laffon de Ladebat (30 November 1746 – 14 October 1829) was a French financier, banker and philanthropist.

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Andrea Agnelli

Andrea Agnelli (born 6 December 1975 in Turin) is an Italian businessman and chairman of Italian football club Juventus F.C. Since 2012 he is Executive Member of the European Club Association (ECA) and appointed to join the UEFA Executive Committee since 2015.

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Andreas von Auersperg

Andreas von Auersperg, Lord of Schönberg und Seisenberg (Slovene: Andrej Turjaški; Croatian: Andrija Auersperg) (9 April 1556 – 5 September 1593) was a Carniolan noble and leader of the defending forces at the Battle of Sisak in 1593.

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Andres Almonaster y Rojas

Don Andrés Almonester y Rojas (sometimes also Almonaster and Roxas) (June 19, 1724 in Mairena del Alcor, Spain – April 26, 1798 in New Orleans, ''Luisiana'') was a Spanish civil servant and philanthropist of New Orleans, today chiefly remembered for his numerous charitable benefactions made to the city of New Orleans.

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Andrieu Contredit d'Arras

Andrieu Contredit d'Arras (c.1200–1248) was a trouvère from Arras and active in the Puy d'Arras.

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Angang No clan

Angang No clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Angelo Emo

Angelo Emo (3 January 1731 – 3 March 1792) was a Venetian noble and admiral, mostly known for being the last Grand Admiral of the Republic of Venice.

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Angelus Silesius

Angelus Silesius (9 July 1677), born Johann Scheffler and also known as Johann Angelus Silesius, was a German Catholic priest and physician, known as a mystic and religious poet.

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Angiola Cimini, Marchesana della Petrella

Angiola Cimini (1700 - 1727) was the daughter of Italian nobleman, Giuseppi Cimino, avvocato fiscale del real patrimonio, and of Anna d'Arieta-Crespo, member of a noble family from Castigliana.

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Anif Palace

Anif Palace (Schloss Anif), also known as the Water Palace Anif, is located beside an artificial pond in Anif on the southern edge of Salzburg, Austria.

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Ankarcrona

Ankarcrona is a Swedish noble family originating from Christoffer Jakobsson, a German Protestant convert who immigrated to Sweden from Bohemia in the 17th century, and resided in Ronneby in Sweden.

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Ankh-Morpork City Watch

The Ankh-Morpork City Watch is the police force of the fictional city of Ankh-Morpork in the Discworld series by the English writer Terry Pratchett.

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Anna Bielke

Anna Eriksdotter Bielke (1490–1525) was a Swedish noble, commander of the city and castle of Kalmar during the Swedish rebellion against Denmark.

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Anna Catharina Materna

Anna Catharina Materna (née von der Lühe) (1731–1757) was a Danish actor and playwright.

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Anna Charlotta Schröderheim

Anna Charlotta Schröderheim, née Anna Charlotta von Stapelmohr, also called Ann-Charlotte or Anne-Charlotte, (24 September 1754 – 1 January 1791), was a Swedish noble, wit and salonist, spouse of the politician Elis Schröderheim.

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Anna Dorota Chrzanowska

Anna Dorota Chrzanowska née von Fresen (fl. 1675), was a Polish heroine of the Polish–Ottoman War (1672–76), known for her acts during the Battle of Trembowla in 1675.

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Anna Ekelöf

Anna Eleonora Ekelöf (fl. 1765), was a Swedish serial impostor.

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Anna Lopukhina

Princess Anna Petrovna Lopukhina (Анна Петровна Лопухина) (8 November 1777 – 25 April 1805) was a royal mistress to Emperor Paul of Russia.

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Anna Maria Lenngren

Anna Maria Lenngren, née Malmstedt (June 18, 1754 – March 8, 1817), was one of the most famous poets in Swedish history.

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Anna Maria Zieglerin

Anna Maria Zieglerin (ca. 1550–1575) was a female alchemist in the sixteenth-century who was found guilty of the murder of a courier, attempted poisoning and intent to burglarize.

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Anna Marly

Anna Marly (Анна Юрьевна Смирнова-Марли), (30 October 1917 – 15 February 2006), was a Russian-born French singer-songwriter.

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Anna Protasova

Countess Anna Stepanovna Protasova (Анна Степановна Протасова; 1745–1826) was a Russian lady-in-waiting and noble, confidant of empress Catherine the Great.

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Anne d'Arpajon

Anne d'Arpajon, comtesse de Noailles (Anne Claude Louise d'Arpajon; 4 March 1729 – 27 June 1794 Accessed 8 October 2008) was a French noblewoman and court official.

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Anne d'Yves

Anne Therese Philippine, comtesse d'Yves (22 July 1738, Brussels - 1814) was a politically active Belgian noble, pamphlet writer and a participant in the Brabant revolution of 1789.

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Anne Stanley, Countess of Castlehaven

Anne Stanley (May 1580 - Harefield, about 8 October 1647) was an English noblewoman.

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Anno 1404

Anno 1404, known as Dawn of Discovery in North America, is a city-building and economic simulation game with real-time strategy elements, part of the ''Anno'' series.

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Annullinus

Annullinus was a Roman nobleman and praetorian prefect under the emperor Maximinus Thrax.

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Ansitz Strehlburg

Ansitz Strehlburg is an Ansitz in Kurtatsch an der Weinstraße, South Tyrol that was one of the main estates, along with Ansitz Freienfeld, of the In der Maur family.

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António Maria de Sousa Horta e Costa

António Maria de Sousa Horta e Costa (21 September 1859 – 5 September 1931) was a Portuguese nobleman, jurist, magistrate and politician.

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António Osório Sarmento de Figueiredo Jr.

António Osório Sarmento de Figueiredo Jr. (13 March 1855 in Santa Marta de Penaguião – 19 May 1935 in Lisbon) was a Portuguese nobleman, jurist, politician and magistrate.

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António-Pedro Vasconcelos

António-Pedro Saraiva de Barros e Vasconcelos, GCIH (born 10 March 1939 in Leiria), is a Portuguese film director.

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Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury

Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, PC (22 July 1621 – 21 January 1683), known as Anthony Ashley Cooper from 1621 to 1630, as Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper, 2nd Baronet from 1630 to 1661, and as The Lord Ashley from 1661 to 1672, was a prominent English politician during the Interregnum and during the reign of King Charles II.

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Anthony Babington

Anthony Babington (24 October 156120 September 1586) was an English nobleman convicted of plotting the assassination of Elizabeth I of England and conspiring with the imprisoned Mary, Queen of Scots.

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Anthony Steffen

Anthony Steffen, born Antonio Luiz de Teffé von Hoonholtz (July 21, 1930 – June 4, 2004), was an Italian and Brazilian film actor, screenwriter and film producer.

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Anthony Tuck

Anthony Tuck (born 1940) is Emeritus Professor of Medieval History at the University of Bristol.

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Anti-miscegenation laws

Anti-miscegenation laws or miscegenation laws are laws that enforce racial segregation at the level of marriage and intimate relationships by criminalizing interracial marriage and sometimes also sex between members of different races.

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Anticipations

Anticipations of the Reaction of Mechanical and Scientific Progress upon Human Life and Thought, generally known as Anticipations, was written by H.G. Wells at the age of 34.

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Antigone of Gloucester, Countess of Tankerville

Antigone of Gloucester was an English noblewoman and the illegitimate daughter of Humphrey of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Gloucester (1390–1447).

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Antisemitism in Europe

Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism) – prejudice, hatred of, or discrimination against Jews for reasons connected to their Jewish heritage – has experienced a long history of expression since the days of ancient civilizations, with most of it having originated in the Christian and pre-Christian civilizations of Europe.

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Antje von Dewitz

Antje von Dewitz (born 18 September 1972 in Ebingen) is a German entrepreneur.

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Antoine Crozat

Antoine Crozat, marquis du Châtel (c. 1655 – 7 June 1738), French founder of an immense fortune, was the first proprietary owner of French Louisiana, from 1712 to 1717.

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Antoine de Beaulieu

Antoine de Beaulieu (died 1663) was a French noble, dancer, and ballet master of the Swedish court from 1637 to 1663 and is considered to have introduced ballet in Sweden.

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Antoine Favre

Antoine Favre, baron of Pérouges (5 October 1557 – 1624) was a Savoisian nobleman and jurist.

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Antoine Groignard

Antoine Groignard (born 1727, died 1799), was a French naval constructor who developed standard designs for French war ships, and built and improved the dry docks at the French naval bases in Toulon and Brest.

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Antoine Joseph Marie d'Espinassy

Antoine Joseph Marie d'Espinassy (de Fontanelle) was a French nobleman, an Army General in the French Revolution and a Deputy of the Department of Var in Provence, France in the National Assembly of the First Republic of France.

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Antoine Louis François de Bésiade

Antoine Louis François de Bésiade (1759–1811) was a French nobleman and favourite of the future Louis XVIII of France.

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Antoine Philippe de Marigny

Antoine Philippe de Marigny de Mandeville (17 July 1721 – 6 November 1779), Chevalier de St. Louis, was a French geographer and explorer.

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Antoine-François Andréossy

Comte Antoine-François Andréossy (6 March 1761 – 10 September 1828) was a Franco-Italian nobleman, who served as a French Army artillery general, diplomat and parliamentarian.

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Anton Graf von Arco auf Valley

Anton von Padua Alfred Emil Hubert Georg Graf von Arco auf Valley (5 February 1897 – 29 June 1945), commonly known as Anton Arco-Valley, was a German nobleman.

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Anton Graff

Anton Graff (18 November 1736 – 22 June 1813) was an eminent Swiss portrait artist.

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Anton Tomaž Linhart

Anton Tomaž Linhart (11 December 1756 – 14/15 July 1795) was a Carniolan playwright and historian, best known as the author of the first comedy and theatrical play in general in Slovene, Županova Micka (Micka, the Mayor's Daughter).

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Anton von Schmerling

Anton Ritter von Schmerling (August 23, 1805 in Lichtental, ViennaMay 23, 1893 in Vienna), Austrian statesman, was born at Vienna, where his father held a high position on the judicial side of the civil service.

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Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, 5th Duke of Alba

Antonio Álvarez de Toledo y Beaumont, 5th Duke of Alba, Grandee of Spain, (in full, Don Antonio Álvarez de Toledo y Beaumont de Navarra, quinto duque de Alba de Tormes, tercer duque de Huéscar, sexto conde de Lerín y de Salvatierra, quinto marqués de Coria, octavo Condestable de Navarra, señor de los estados de Valdecorneja y Huéscar, y de las baronías de Dicastillo, San Martín, Curton y Guissens), (1568 – 29 January 1639) was a Spanish nobleman and politician.

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Antonio de Benavides y Fernández de Navarrete

Don Antonio de Benavides y Fernández de Navarrete (Baeza, Spain, 20 June 1807 – Madrid, Spain, 23 January 1884) was a Spanish noble, historian and politician who served as Minister of State between 1864 and 1865, in the reign of Queen Isabella II of Spain.

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Antonio González de Aguilar, 8th Marquis of la Vega de Armijo

Don Antonio González de Aguilar y Correa, 8th Marquis of la Vega de Armijo, 6th Marquis of Mos, Grandee of Spain, KOGF (Madrid, Spain; 1824–1908) was a Spanish noble and politician who served as Prime Minister of Spain between 1906 and 1907, and was appointed three times Minister of State, in governments headed by Práxedes Mateo Sagasta.

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Antonio López Muñoz, 1st Count of López Muñoz

Antonio López Muñoz (1 April 1850 – 12 March 1929) was a Spanish nobleman, writer and politician who served as Minister of State in 1913, during the reign of King Alfonso XIII of Spain.

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Antonio Pío González-Saravia Mollinedo

Antonio Pío González-Saravia Mollinedo (b. 11 July 1743 Salamanca - d. 2 December, 1812 Oaxaca) was a Peninsular Spanish noble and Spanish loyalist Lt.

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Antonio Valladares de Sotomayor

Antonio Valladares de Sotomayor (1737–1820) was a Spanish journalist, poet and writer.

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Antono Refa

Lord Antono Refa is a fictional character from the universe of the science fiction television series Babylon 5, played by William Forward.

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Antun Sorkočević

Antun Sorkočević (Antonio Sorgo, Antoine Sorgo) (December 12, 1775 – February 14, 1841 in Paris, France), was a diplomat, writer, composer and member of Ragusan nobility (chevalier des odres de Saint Maurice et de Saint Lazare demeurant a Paris).

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Aoife MacMurrough

Aoife MacMurrough (c. 1145 – 1188, Aoife Ní Diarmait), also known by later historians as Eva of Leinster, was an Irish noble, princess of Leinster and countess of Pembroke.

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Aois-dàna

The aois-dàna (Scottish Gaelic, literally "people of the arts", often translated as bards) served as advisers to nobles and chiefs of clans throughout the Scottish Gàidhealtachd until the late 17th century.

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Apeldoorn–Zwolle railway

The Apeldoorn–Zwolle railway was a railway in the Netherlands connecting Apeldoorn, Gelderland with Zwolle, Overijssel.

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Aphae Jeong clan

Aphae Jeong clan is a Korean clan.

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Aramis

René d'Herblay, alias Aramis, is a fictional character in the novels The Three Musketeers, Twenty Years After and The Vicomte de Bragelonne by Alexandre Dumas, père.

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Arcadiy Harting

Arкadiy Mikhailovich Harting (Аркадий Михайлович Гартинг; 29 October 1861 – ?) was a secret agent and officer of the Okhrana, the secret police of the Russian Empire.

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Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Argyll

Gillespie Archibald Campbell, 2nd Earl of Argyll (b. c 1465 - died 9 September 1513) was a Scottish nobleman and politician who was killed at the Battle of Flodden.

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Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll

Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, 1st Earl of Ilay (June 1682 – 15 April 1761) was a Scottish nobleman, politician, lawyer, businessman, and soldier.

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Archibald Campbell, 4th Earl of Argyll

Archibald Campbell, 4th Earl of Argyll or Archibald "the Red" Campbell (c. 1507 – 1558), was a Scottish nobleman and politician.

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Archpoet

The Archpoet (1130 – c. 1165), or Archipoeta (in Latin and German),Jeep 2001: 21.

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Ardennes-Verdun dynasty

The Ardennes-Verdun dynasty was one of the first documented medieval European noble families, centered on Verdun.

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Arduinici

The Arduinici were a noble Frankish family that immigrated to Italy in the early tenth century, possibly from Neustria.

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Arete

Arete (Greek: ἀρετή), in its basic sense, means "excellence of any kind".

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Argerich

Argerich (modern spelling Argeric) is a noble Catalan surname from Germanic origin, also common in Argentina.

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Ariadne von Schirach

Ariadne von Schirach (born 1978 in Munich) is a German philosopher, writer, journalist and critic.

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Arild Rosenkrantz

Arild Rosenkrantz (9 April 1870 - 28 September 1964) was a Danish nobleman painter, sculptor, stained glass artist and illustrator.

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Arioi

The Arioi were a secret religious order of the Society Islands, particularly the island of Tahiti, with a hierarchical structure, esoteric salvation doctrine and cultish and cultural functions.

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Aristocracy

Aristocracy (Greek ἀριστοκρατία aristokratía, from ἄριστος aristos "excellent", and κράτος kratos "power") is a form of government that places strength in the hands of a small, privileged ruling class.

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Aristocracy (class)

The aristocracy is a social class that a particular society considers its highest order.

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Aristocracy of Norway

Aristocracy of Norway refers to modern and medieval aristocracy in Norway.

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Aristocracy of officials

The "aristocracy of officials" (Danish and Norwegian: embedsaristokratiet or embetsaristokratiet) is a term used by historians to denote the elite of university-educated higher state officials in Denmark and Norway from the early modern period until the 19th century.

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Aristoi

The Aristoi (Greek: ἄριστοι) was the label given to the noblemen in ancient Greek society, and in particular ancient Athens.

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Armar Lowry-Corry, 1st Earl Belmore

Armar Lowry-Corry, 1st Earl Belmore (7 April 1740 – 2 February 1802) was an Irish nobleman and politician.

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Armar Lowry-Corry, 5th Earl Belmore

Armar Lowry-Corry, 5th Earl Belmore (5 May 1870 – 12 February 1948) was an Irish nobleman and the eldest son of Somerset Lowry-Corry, 4th Earl Belmore.

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Armenian nobility

The Armenian nobility (Հայ ազնվականություն) was a class of persons which enjoyed certain privileges relative to other members of society under the laws and customs of various regimes of Armenia.

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Armenians in the Ottoman Empire

Armenians in the Ottoman Empire (or Ottoman Armenians) mostly belonged to either the Armenian Apostolic Church or the Armenian Catholic Church.

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Armorial of Little Russia

Armorial of Little Russia (pre-reform Russian: Малороссїйскїй гербовникъ) is an armorial of noble Ukrainian (Little Russian) families from the Russian Empire.

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Arms of Skanderbeg

Gjergj Kastrioti Skanderbeg was a prominent figure in the history of Albania.

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Army

An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" (feminine)) or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land.

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Army of the Duchy of Warsaw

Army of the Duchy of Warsaw refers to the military forces of the Duchy of Warsaw.

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Arnis

Arnis, also known as Kali or Eskrima, is the national sport and martial art of the Philippines.

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Aron ap Rhys

Sir Aron ap Rhys (born ca. 1140) was a nobleman from Wales.

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Arriaga-Lakua

Arriaga-Lakua was a Spanish village in Álava, Basque Country and is at present one quarter of Vitoria-Gasteiz.

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Artembares

Artembares was a Median nobleman whose son was whipped by a ten-year-old Cyrus.

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Artemy Tereshchenko

Artemy Yakovlevich Tereshchenko (Арте́мий Я́ковлевич Тере́щенко; Арте́м Я́кович Тере́щенко; 1794 – 1873) was the first entrepreneur in Tereshchenko family and the founder of the Tereshchenko dynasty, which is in the list of the most wealthiest families in the world.

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Arthur Stanley, 5th Baron Stanley of Alderley

Arthur Lyulph Stanley, 5th Baron Stanley of Alderley KCMG (14 September 1875 – 22 August 1931), also 5th Baron Sheffield and 4th Baron Eddisbury, was an English nobleman and Governor of Victoria from 1914 to 1920.

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Arthur von Weinberg

Arthur von Weinberg (11 August 1860 in Frankfurt am Main – 20 March 1943 in the Theresienstadt Ghetto) was a German chemist and industrialist.

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Article One of the United States Constitution

Article One of the United States Constitution establishes the legislative branch of the federal government, the United States Congress.

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Artificial nails

Artificial nails, also known as fake nails, false nails, fashion nails, nail enhancements, nail wraps, or nail extensions, are extensions placed over fingernails as fashion accessories.

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Artington

Artington is a village and civil parish in the borough of Guildford, in Surrey, England, covering the area from the southern edge of the built-up centre of Guildford and steep Guildown, the start of the Hog's Back and part of the North Downs AONB, to New Pond Farm by Godalming and the edge of Peasmarsh.

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Ashot III Bagratuni

Ashot III Bagratuni also known as Ashot the Blind (Աշոտ Կուրացյալ) (c. 690 – 762) was a member of the Bagratuni family who was presiding prince of Armenia as ishkhan from 732 to 748.

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Aspa family

Aspa is the collective name of both the farm and the group of interrelated Norwegian families of noble origins in Møre og Romsdal, a fylke (county) in southwestern Norway.

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Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood

Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood is a 2010 action-adventure video game developed by Ubisoft Montreal and published by Ubisoft.

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Associazione Agraria Subalpina

The Associazione Agraria Subalpina (Subalpine Agrarian Association), was founded on 31 May 1842, under the sponsorship of Carlo Alberto, king of Piedmont-Sardinia, by a group of 36 intellectuals, landowners and politicians belonging to the Piedmontese nobility and bourgeoisie.

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Asturian architecture

Pre-Romanesque architecture in Asturias is framed between the years 711 and 910, the period of the creation and expansion of the kingdom of Asturias.

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Atabeg

Atabeg, Atabek, or Atabey is a hereditary title of nobility of a Turkic origin, indicating a governor of a nation or province who was subordinate to a monarch and charged with raising the crown prince.

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August von Bethmann-Hollweg

Moritz August von Bethmann-Hollweg (born 8 April 1795 in Frankfurt am Main, died 14 July 1877 on Rheineck castle near Niederbreisig on the Rhine) was a German jurist and Prussian politician.

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Augustan literature

Augustan literature (sometimes referred to misleadingly as Georgian literature) is a style of British literature produced during the reigns of Queen Anne, King George I, and George II in the first half of the 18th century and ending in the 1740s, with the deaths of Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift, in 1744 and 1745, respectively.

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Augustan Society

The Augustan Society, Inc., headquartered in Orlando, Florida, was founded in 1957 (1) to preserve material related to heraldry, genealogy, nobility, and orders of chivalry, and (2) to further chivalric ideals in society.

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Auguste-Louis-Albéric, prince d'Arenberg

Auguste Louis Albéric, Prince of Arenberg (15 September 1837 – 24 January 1924) was a French noble and monarchist politician, born in Paris.

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Augustin Kažotić

Blessed Augustin Kažotić (1260 – 3 August 1323) was a Dalmatian-Croatian Roman Catholic prelate and professed member from the Order of Preachers who served as the Bishop of Lucera from 1322 until his death.

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Aurelius of Asturias

Aurelius (Aurelio) (c. 740 – 774) was the King of Asturias from 768 to his death.

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Aurochs

The aurochs (or; pl. aurochs, or rarely aurochsen, aurochses), also known as urus or ure (Bos primigenius), is an extinct species of large wild cattle that inhabited Europe, Asia, and North Africa.

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Austrian nobility

The Austrian nobility (österreichischer Adel) is a status group that was officially abolished in 1919 after the fall of Austria-Hungary.

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Autocracy

An autocracy is a system of government in which supreme power (social and political) is concentrated in the hands of one person, whose decisions are subject to neither external legal restraints nor regularized mechanisms of popular control (except perhaps for the implicit threat of a coup d'état or mass insurrection).

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Avogadoria de Comùn

The Avogadori de Comùn, literally "public prosecutors", were an institution of the Republic of Venice.

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Azat

Azat (ազատ; plural ազատք azatkʿ, collective ազատանի azatani) was a class of Armenian nobility; the term came to designate the middle and lower nobility originally, in contrast to the naxararkʿ who were the great lords.

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Azmatkhan

Azmatkhan (Aẓamāt Khān) al-Husayni, also spelled Azmat Khan, al-Azhamatkhan or al-Azhamat Chan (عظمت خان) are a family originating in Hadhramaut.

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Aznauri

Aznauri (აზნაური,; pl. aznaurni, აზნაურნი, or aznaurebi, აზნაურები) was a class of Georgian nobility; it is usually translated into English either as Count the term that was first applied to all nobles, but in the later Middle Ages narrowed to designate the Barons and lesser nobility.

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Aztec clothing

Aztec clothing is the clothing that was worn by the Aztecs, as well as other pre-Columbian peoples of central Mexico who shared similar cultures.

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Ádám Jávorka

Ádám Jávorka (Nagykosztolány, Hungarian Kingdom, 1683 – Jasło Poland, 19 August 1747) was a Hungarian soldier who was a captain of Kuruc forces during the Rákóczi's War for Independence, later became a French Hussar, and later on Captain of the Polish Army.

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Ágatha Ruiz de la Prada

Ágatha Ruiz de la Prada y Sentmenat (born 22 July 1960) is a Spanish noble and fashion designer.

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Álvaro Contreras y Carvajal

Álvaro Contreras y Carvajal (1480–15?) was a Spanish nobleman, Alcalde de la fortaleza de Mérida.

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Álvaro de Luna

Álvaro de Luna y Jarana (between 1388 and 13902 June 1453), Duke of Trujillo, 1st Count of San Esteban de Gormaz, was a Spanish politician.

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Álvaro Pires Pinheiro Lobo

Álvaro Pires Pinheiro Lobo (c.1460-1511) was a Portuguese nobleman, who served as Alcaide-mayor of Barcelos.

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Ángel Calderón de la Barca y Belgrano

Ángel Calderón de la Barca y Belgrano (2 October 1790 in Buenos Aires, Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata – 1861) was a Spanish nobleman and politician who served as Minister of State between 1853 and 1854.

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Älvsborg Ransom (1613)

Älvsborg ransom was an indemnity, stipulated in the Treaty of Knäred 1613, that would redeem Älvsborg Castle (in Gothenburg, Sweden) from Danish military occupation of the Kalmar War.

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Ça Ira

"" (French: "it'll be fine") is an emblematic song of the French Revolution, first heard in May 1790.

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Éric Bellot des Minières

Éric Bellot des Minières, born on April 05 1964 in Poitiers, is a général de division of the French Army.

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Íñigo López de Mendoza, 4th Duke of the Infantado

Iñigo Lopez de Mendoza y Pimentel, 4th Duke of the Infantado, (IV Duque del Infantado, 9 December 1493 – 17 September 1566), was a Spanish nobleman.

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Île Saint-Louis

The Île Saint-Louis is one of two natural islands in the Seine river, in Paris, France (the other natural island is Île de la Cité; the Île aux Cygnes is artificial).

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Újlaki family

The House of Ilok (Iločki), in old sources de Illoch, de Wylak, de Voilack etc., Hungarian: Újlaki) was a Croatian noble family, descended in the male line from Gug (in some sources Göge), a member of the lower nobility in the region of Lower Slavonia during the 13th century. The Iločki, meaning "those of Ilok", rose to be a powerful and influential family in the Croato-Hungarian Kingdom during the period in the Late Middle Ages history marked by dynastic struggles for the possession of the throne and the Ottoman wars in Europe that affected the country. Notable members of the family were Bans (viceroys) of Croatia, Voivodes (dukes)Transylvania, Palatines of Hungary, župans (counts), king's chamberlains and king's chief retainers. One of them, Nikola Iločki (English: Nicholas of Ilok, Hungarian: Újlaki Miklós), the most powerful and most famous member of the family, was nominal King of Bosnia from 1471 until 1477.

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Þórkell Þórmóðarson

Þórkell Þórmóðarson is a character from the mediaeval Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar, a kings' saga composed in the last half of the 13th century.

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Čabradský Vrbovok

Čabradský Vrbovok (Csábrágvarbók) is a village and municipality in the Krupina District of the Banská Bystrica Region of Slovakia.

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Łączka, Silesian Voivodeship

Łączka is a village in Gmina Dębowiec, Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland.

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Ōnakatomi no Yoshinobu

Ōnakatomi no Yoshinobu (921–991, 大中臣 能宣, also Ōnakatomi no Yoshinobu Ason 大中臣能宣朝臣) was a middle Heian period waka poet and Japanese nobleman.

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Œil du prince

L'œil du prince ("the prince's eye") is a French expression popularized by Nicola Sabbatini (1574–1654), an Italian stage designer and architect of the Renaissance in his famous treatise published in 1638.

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Śląsk Wrocław

Wrocławski Klub Sportowy Śląsk Wrocław Spółka Akcyjna, commonly known as WKS Śląsk Wrocław, Śląsk Wrocław or simply Śląsk, is a Polish football club based in Wrocław that plays in Ekstraklasa, the highest level of the Polish football league system.

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Şemsi Pasha

Şemsi Ahmet Pasha also known as Chamsi-Pasha; 1492 – 28 April 1580) was a prominent Ottoman nobleman and statesman of Albanian originDanişmend (1971), p. 25. who occupied numerous high-ranking political posts, serving at different stages as the Ottoman governor of Damascus, Rûm, Sivas, Anatolia and Rumelia, and subsequently succeeding Sokollu Mehmet Pasha as grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire in 1579.

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Šandor Alexander

Šandor Alexander pl.

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Šámalova chata

Šámalova chata is a mountain hut for bikers, skiers and tourists, situated at Nová Louka, a mountain meadow in Jizera Mountains (in Czech Jizerské hory) near the city of Bedřichov, district of Jablonec nad Nisou.

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Škvorec Chateau

Škvorec Chateau (zámek Škvorec; Schloss Squorz or Schkworetz) is a chateau, formerly a minor castle, located in small market town of Škvorec, Central Bohemia, about east of Prague in the Czech Republic.

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Żelechów

Żelechów (Yiddish זשעלעכאָוו) is a town in east Poland in Masovian Voivodeship in Garwolin County.

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Baaka Kherkheulidze

Baaka (Kakhaber) Kherkheulidze (ბააკა ხერხეულიძე) was a Georgian nobleman, supporter of Giorgi Saakadze.

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Babanin

The House of Babanin (Russian: Бабанины babaninɨ) is a noble family that originated in the Tsardom of Russia.

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Baecheon Jo clan

Baecheon Jo clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Bagratid Armenia

The Bagratid Kingdom of Armenia, also known as Bagratid Armenia (Բագրատունյաց Հայաստան Bagratunyats Hayastan or Բագրատունիների թագավորություն, Bagratunineri t’agavorut’yun, "kingdom of the Bagratunis"), was an independent state established by Ashot I Bagratuni in the early 880s following nearly two centuries of foreign domination of Greater Armenia under Arab Umayyad and Abbasid rule.

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Bagrationi dynasty

The Bagrationi dynasty (bagrat’ioni) is a royal family that reigned in Georgia from the Middle Ages until the early 19th century, being among the oldest extant Christian ruling dynasties in the world. In modern usage, this royal line is often referred to as the Georgian Bagratids (a Hellenized form of their dynastic name), also known in English as the Bagrations. The common origin with the Armenian Bagratuni dynasty has been accepted by several scholars Toumanoff, Cyril, "Armenia and Georgia", in The Cambridge Medieval History, Cambridge, 1966, vol. IV, p. 609. Accessible online at (Although, other sources claim, that dynasty had Georgian roots). Early Georgian Bagratids through dynastic marriage gained the Principality of Iberia after succeeding Chosroid dynasty at the end of the 8th century. In 888, the Georgian monarchy was restored and united various native polities into the Kingdom of Georgia, which prospered from the 11th to the 13th century. This period of time, particularly the reigns of David IV the Builder (1089–1125) and his great granddaughter Tamar the Great (1184–1213) inaugurated the Georgian Golden Age in the history of Georgia.Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh. "Burke’s Royal Families of the World: Volume II Africa & the Middle East, 1980, pp. 56-67 After fragmentation of the unified Kingdom of Georgia in the late 15th century, the branches of the Bagrationi dynasty ruled the three breakaway Georgian kingdoms, Kingdom of Kartli, Kingdom of Kakheti, and Kingdom of Imereti, until Russian annexation in the early 19th century. While the Treaty of Georgievsk's 3rd Article guaranteed continued sovereignty for the Bagrationi dynasty and their continued presence on the Georgian Throne, the Russian Imperial Crown later broke the terms of the treaty, and their treaty became an illegal annexation. The dynasty persisted within the Russian Empire as an Imperial Russian noble family until the 1917 February Revolution. The establishment of Soviet rule in Georgia in 1921 forced some members of the family to accept demoted status and loss of property in Georgia, others relocated to Western Europe, although some repatriated after Georgian independence in 1991.

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Bajamonte Tiepolo

Bajamonte Tiepolo (died after 1329) was a Venetian noble, great-grandson of Doge Jacopo Tiepolo, grandson of Doge Lorenzo Tiepolo, son of Giacomo Tiepolo.

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Bakić noble family

The Bakić (Бакић,; Bakics család) were a Serbian noble family that initially held estates in Šumadija (south of the Danube) under Ottoman occupation, then crossed the river and gave its service to the Kingdom of Hungary, becoming one of the leading Serbian noble family in the country, fighting the Ottoman Empire.

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Balassi Institute

The Balassi Institute (Balassi Intézet) is a worldwide non-profit cultural organization funded by the ministry of education and culture of Hungary.

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Balatonszepezd

Balatonszepezd is a village in Veszprém county, Hungary, on the northern shore of the Lake Balaton.

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Balšić noble family

The Balšić (Балшић, Balšići / Балшићи; also Bašići; Latin: Balsich; Albanian: Balsha) was a noble family that ruled "Zeta and the coastlands" (southern Montenegro and northern Albania), from 1362 to 1421, during and after the fall of the Serbian Empire.

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Baldassare Castiglione

Baldassare Castiglione (December 6, 1478 – February 2, 1529),Dates of birth and death, and cause of the latter, from, Italica, Rai International online.

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Baldomero Espartero, Prince of Vergara

Joaquín Baldomero Fernández-Espartero y Alvarez de Toro, 1st Prince of Vergara, 1st Duke of la Victoria, 1st Duke of Morella, 1st Count of Luchana, 1st Viscount of Banderas (27 February 17938 January 1879) was a Spanish general and politician, who served as the Regent of Spain.

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Baldrick

Baldrick is the name of several fictional characters featured in the long-running BBC historic comedy television series Blackadder.

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Baldur von Schirach

Baldur Benedikt von Schirach (9 May 1907 – 8 August 1974) was a Nazi German politician who is best known for his role as the German Nazi Party's national youth leader and head of the Hitler Youth from 1931 to 1940.

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Balian of Ibelin

Balian of Ibelin (Balian d'Ibelin; 1143 – 1193), also known as the "Shaear Wahid" or "Hairy One" due to his notably thick body hair (which was said to have grown like a pelt in his later years), was a crusader noble of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in the 12th century.

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Ball de diables

The ball de diables (Catalan for "Devils' dance") is a dance tradition originating from Catalonia, though it is also observed in the Valencian Community and the Balearic Islands.

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Balthasar Oomkens von Esens

Balthasar Oomkens von Esens (died 1540) was an East Frisian nobleman who died during the siege of his castle in Esens by the Bremen army.

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Baltringen

Baltringen is a once autonomous village in Baden-Württemberg in the region of Upper Swabia, situated approximately 17 km north of Biberach.

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Banate, Iloilo

, officially the, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.

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Bandino Panciatici

Bandino Panciatici (10 July 1629 – 21 April 1718) as a Roman Catholic cardinal from 1690 to 1718.

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Bandura

A bandura (банду́ра) is a Ukrainian, plucked string, folk instrument.

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Banská Bystrica

Banská Bystrica (also known by other alternative names) is a city in central Slovakia located on the Hron River in a long and wide valley encircled by the mountain chains of the Low Tatras, the Veľká Fatra, and the Kremnica Mountains.

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Bara Imambara

Bara Imambada is an imambada complex in Lucknow, India, built by Asaf-ud-Daula, Nawab of Awadh, in 1784.

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Barangay

A barangay ((abbreviated as Brgy. or Bgy.), formerly referred to as barrio, is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. In metropolitan areas, the term often refers to an inner city neighbourhood, a suburb or a suburban neighborhood. The word barangay originated from balangay, a kind of boat used by a group of Austronesian peoples when they migrated to the Philippines. Municipalities and cities in the Philippines are subdivided into barangays, with the exception of the municipalities of Adams in Ilocos Norte and Kalayaan, Palawan which each contain only one barangay. The barangay itself is sometimes informally subdivided into smaller areas called purok (English: "zone"), barangay zones consisting of a cluster of houses, and sitios, which are territorial enclaves—usually rural—far from the barangay center., there were 42,029 barangays throughout the Philippines.

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Barangay state

In early Philippine history, the Barangay was a complex sociopolitical unit which scholars have historically considered the dominant organizational pattern among the various peoples of the Philippine archipelago.

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Barbara Havers

Barbara Havers is a fictional detective in ''The Inspector Lynley'' series created by American mystery author Elizabeth George.

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Barberêche

Barberêche (Bärfischen; Barberêtse) is a former municipality in the district of Lac in the Swiss canton of Fribourg.

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Barbro Eriksdotter

Barbro Eriksdotter Bielke (died 1553), known in history as Barbro Påle ("Barbara Stake") and Fru Barbro på Brokind ('Lady Barbro of Brokind') was a Swedish noble and landowner.

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Barnabotti

The Barnabotti were a class of impoverished nobility found in the Venetian Republic towards the end of the Republican period.

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Baron

Baron is a rank of nobility or title of honour, often hereditary.

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Baron Grey of Codnor

The title of Baron Grey of Codnor is a title in the peerage of England.

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Baron Vaea

Siaosi Tuʻihala ʻAlipate Vaea Tupou, who was more commonly known as Baron Vaea (15 May 1921 – 7 June 2009), was a Prime Minister of Tonga.

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Baronage

The baronage is the collectively inclusive term denoting all members of the feudal nobility, as observed by the constitutional authority Edward Coke.

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Baroness Elisabeth of Wangenheim-Winterstein

Baroness Elisabeth of Wangenheim-Winterstein (16 January 1912 – 15 March 2010) was the wife of Charles Augustus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, and the mother of Prince Michael, current head of the House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.

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Baroness Tuputupu Vaea

Hon.

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Baronet

A baronet (or; abbreviated Bart or Bt) or the rare female equivalent, a baronetess (or; abbreviation Btss), is the holder of a baronetcy, an hereditary title awarded by the British Crown.

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Barons in Scotland

In Scotland, a Baron is the head of a "feudal" barony (also known as prescriptive barony).

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Barrera

Barrera is a Spanish, Portuguese, Italian and surname, meaning "barrier".

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Bartolomeu Perestrello

Bartolomeu Perestrello (in Italian Bartolommeo Pallastrelli), 1st Capitão Donatário, Lord and Governor of the Island of Porto Santo (1395 – 1457) was a Portuguese navigator and explorer that is claimed to have discovered and populated Porto Santo Island (1419) together with João Gonçalves Zarco and Tristão Vaz Teixeira.

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Bartosz Paprocki

Bartosz Paprocki (also Bartholomeus Paprocky or Bartholomew Paprocki, Bartłomiej (Bartosz) Paprocki, Bartoloměj Paprocký z Hlahol a Paprocké Vůle; ca. 1540/43 in Paprocka Wola near Sierpc – 27 December 1614 in Lviv, Poland, today Ukraine) was a Polish and Czech writer, historiographer, translator, poet, heraldist and pioneer in Polish and Bohemian-Czech genealogy (often referred to as the "father of Polish and Bohemian-Czech genealogy").

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Bas-Lag

Bas-Lag is the fictional world in which several of English author China Miéville's novels are set.

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Basil (film)

Basil is a 1998 British historical drama film directed by Radha Bharadwaj and starring Christian Slater, Jared Leto, Claire Forlani and Derek Jacobi.

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Bassegli

The Bassegli or Basilio was a Ragusan noble family.

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Basset (card game)

Basset (French bassette, from the Italian bassetta), also known as barbacole and hocca, is a gambling card game that was considered one of the most polite.

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Bastille Day

Bastille Day is the common name given in English-speaking countries/lands to the French National Day, which is celebrated on the 14th of July each year.

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Batalo

Batalo was a medieval Bosnian nobleman from Lašva.

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Batenburgers

The Batenburgers were members of a radical Anabaptist sect led by Jan van Batenburg, that flourished briefly in the 1530s in the Netherlands, in the aftermath of the Münster Rebellion.

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Batonishvili

Batonishvili (ბატონიშვილი) (literally "a child of batoni (lord or sovereign)" in Georgian) is a title for royal princes and princesses who descend from the kings of Georgia from the Bagrationi dynasty and is suffixed to the names e.g. Alexandre Batonishvili, Ioane Batonishvili, Nino Batonishvili etc.

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Battle of Ain Dara

The Battle of Ain Dara took place in the town of Ain Dara in 1711 between the Qaysi and Yamani tribo-political factions.

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Battle of Alcácer Quibir

The Battle of Alcácer Quibir (also known as "Battle of Three Kings" (معركة الملوك الثلاثة) or "Battle of Oued al-Makhazin" (معركة وادي المخازن) in Morocco) was fought in northern Morocco, near the town of Ksar-el-Kebir (variant spellings: Ksar El Kebir, Alcácer-Quivir, Alcazarquivir, Alcassar, etc.) and Larache, on 4 August 1578.

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Battle of Barcelona (1359)

The Battle of Barcelona (June 9–11, 1359) was a naval engagement fought in the coastal region of Barcelona, Spain, between the navies of the Crowns of Aragon and Castile, during the War of the Two Peters.

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Battle of Falun

The Battle of Falun (Slaget om Falun) was the first battle of the Swedish War of Liberation that took place in Falun, Sweden on February 5, 1521.

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Battle of Jutphaas

The Battle of Jutphaas, also known as the Battle of the Vaart or the Battle of Vreeswijk, occurred on 9 May 1787 on the banks of the Vaartsche Rijn canal near Jutphaas and Vreeswijk between Orangists and Patriots.

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Battle of Lomnice

The Battle of Lomnice or Lomnice nad Lužnicí occurred on 9 November 1618, during the Bohemian period of the Thirty Years' War.

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Battle of North Walsham

The Battle of North Walsham was a medieval battle fought on 25 or 26 June 1381, near the town of North Walsham in the English county of Norfolk, in which a large group of rebellious local peasants was confronted by the heavily armed forces of Henry le Despenser, Bishop of Norwich.

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Battle of Pfeddersheim

The Battle of Pfeddersheim (Schlacht bei Pfeddersheim) was a battle during the German Peasants' War that took place in June 1525 near Pfeddersheim.

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Battle of Rayy

This Battle of Rayy (one among many) was fought on May 1, 811 CE as part of an Abbasid civil war (the "Fourth Fitna") between the two half-brothers, al-Amin and al-Ma'mun.

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Battle of Sempach

The Battle of Sempach was fought on 9 July 1386, between Leopold III, Duke of Austria and the Old Swiss Confederacy.

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Bavors of Strakonice

Bavorové ze Strakonic (Bavors of Strakonice) were a Bohemian noble family, rulers of Strakonice town and surrounding area.

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Bäckaskog

Bäckaskog is a locality situated in Kristianstad Municipality, Skåne County, Sweden, between Ivö Lake and Oppmanna Lake, with 293 inhabitants in 2010.

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Bülow family

Bülow is the name of a German and Danish noble family of Mecklenburg origin, members of which have borne the title of Baron (Freiherr), Count (Graf) or Prince (Fürst).

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Bąków, Silesian Voivodeship

Bąków is a village in Gmina Strumień, Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland.

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Bładnice

Bładnice is a village in Gmina Skoczów, Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland.

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BBC Television Shakespeare

The BBC Television Shakespeare is a series of British television adaptations of the plays of William Shakespeare, created by Cedric Messina and broadcast by BBC Television.

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Bearwood, Dorset

Bearwood is a suburb of the Dorset town of Poole in the UK.

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Beatrice of Silva

Beatrice of Silva, O.I.C., also known (in Spanish) as Beatriz da Silva y de Menezes and (in Portuguese) as Beatriz de Menezes da Silva, (Campo Maior, Portugal ca. 1424 – Toledo, Castile, 9 August 1492) was a noblewoman of Portugal, who became the foundress of the monastic Order of the Immaculate Conception of Our Lady in Spain.

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Beatrice, Countess of Alburquerque

Infanta Beatrice of Portugal (Beatriz; c.1347/51–1381) was the daughter of Portuguese King Peter I and a Galician noblewoman called Inês de Castro.

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Beau Nash

Beau Nash (18 October 1674 – 3 February 1761), born Richard Nash, was a celebrated dandy and leader of fashion in 18th-century Britain.

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Beckov Castle

Beckov Castle (Beckovský hrad/Beckov; Beckói vár) is a castle in ruins located near the village of Beckov in Nové Mesto nad Váhom District, Trenčín Region, western Slovakia.

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Bedford (UK Parliament constituency)

Bedford is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since the 2017 general election by Mohammad Yasin of the Labour Party.

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Beelaerts van Blokland

Beelaerts van Blokland is an old Dutch patrician family.

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Begzada

Begzade (Kurdish), Beyzade (Turkic), and Begzadići (Slavic), Beizadea (Romanian), Begzadi (female) are titles given within the Ottoman Empire to provisional governors and military generals who are decedents of noble households and occupy important positions within the empire.

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Belarusian heraldry

The uses of heraldry in Belarus is used by government bodies, subdivisions of the national government, organizations, corporations and by families.

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Belgium

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Belleek Pottery

Belleek Pottery Ltd is a porcelain company that began trading in 1884 as the Belleek Pottery Works Company Ltd in Belleek, County Fermanagh, in what was to become Northern Ireland.

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Benessa

The Benessa (in Latin and Italian, known as Beneša or Benešić in Croatian) were a noble family of the Republic of Ragusa.

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Benignus (bishop of Milan)

Benignus (Benigno) was Archbishop of Milan from 465 to 472.

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Bergfried

A bergfried (plural: bergfrieds or bergfriede) is a tall tower that is typically found in castles of the Middle Ages in German-speaking countries and in countries under German influence.

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Bergregal

The Bergregal was the historic right of ownership of untapped mineral resources in parts of German-speaking Europe; ownership of the Bergregal meant entitlement to the rights and royalties from mining.

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Berlinda of Meerbeke

Saint Berlinda (Berlindis, Berlenda, Berelenda, other variants; also known as Bellaude; died 702 AD) was a Benedictine nun of noble descent.

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Bernard de Marigny

Jean-Bernard Xavier Philippe de Marigny de Mandeville (1785–1868), known as Bernard de Marigny, was a French-Creole American nobleman, playboy, planter, politician, duelist, writer, horse breeder, land developer, and President of the Louisiana State Senate between 1822 and 1823.

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Bernard du Bus de Gisignies

Jonkheer Bernard Amé Léonard du Bus de Gisignies (June 21, 1808 in Sint-Joost-ten-Node – July 6, 1874 in Bad Ems) was a Dutch nobleman and later on a Belgian politician, ornithologist and paleontologist.

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Bernard Gui

Bernard Gui (1261 or 1262 – 30 December 1331), born Bernard Guidoni, also known as Bernardo Gui or Bernardus Guidonis, was a French inquisitor of the Dominican Order in the Late Middle Ages during the Medieval Inquisition, Bishop of Lodève, and one of the most prolific writers of the Middle Ages.

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Bernard-François, marquis de Chauvelin

François-Bernard de Chauvelin, marquis de Grosbois (born 29 November 1766 in Paris; died 9 April 1832 in Paris), also known as Marquis de Chauvelin, was a French nobleman, diplomat, parliamentarian and liberal reformer.

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Bernardin Frankopan

Bernardin Frankopan (1453–1529) was a Croatian nobleman, diplomat, warrior and patron, a member of the Frankopan noble family, very powerful and influential in the Croatian Kingdom.

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Bernardino Fernández de Velasco, 14th Duke of Frías

Don Bernardino Fernández de Velasco-Pacheco y Benavides, 14th Duke of Frías, Grandee of Spain, KOGF (1783 in Madrid – 1851) was a Spanish noble, politician, diplomat and writer who served in 1838 as Prime Minister of Spain.

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Bernardo O'Higgins

Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme (1778–1842) was a Chilean independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule in the Chilean War of Independence.

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Bernat Guillem d'Entença

Bernat Guillem d'Entença, also known as Bernat Guillem II d'Entença (Spanish:Bernardo Guillermo de Entenza. ?, 1226 - ?, 1300), was a noble of the Catalan House of Entença, son of Bernat Guillem de Montpeller.

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Bernat Guillem de Montpeller

Bernat Guillem de Montpeller also known as Bernat Guillem I d'Entença (Spanish:Bernardo Guillermo I de Entenza. b. ? - d. El Puig, 1238) was a noble of the Catalan House of Entença.

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Bernat II de Cabrera

Bernat II de Cabrera (Spanish: Bernardo II de Cabrera. 1298–1364) was an Aragonese nobleman, diplomat, and military commander.

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Bernhard, Count of Bylandt

Bernhard, Count of Bylandt (3 January 1905 – 4 April 1998) was a German nobleman, artist, sculptor, author and member of the House of Bylandt or more specifically the branch of Bylandt-Rheydt.

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Bernstorff

Bernstorff is a German-Danish noble family of Mecklenburgian origin.

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Berthold-Bezelin

The Berthold-Bezelins (Berthold/Bezeline) were a German noble family from the 10th century, whose sphere of influence and property laid about the Trechirgau and Maifeldgau.

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Bertrand Guilladot

Bertrand Guilladot or "Guillaudot" (died 1743) was a French priest and an alleged sorcerer.

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Bestwig

Bestwig is a municipality in the Hochsauerland district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

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Bettisia Gozzadini

Bettisia Gozzadini (1209 – 2 November 1261) was a jurist who lectured at the University of Bologna from about 1239.

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Bian Que

Bian Que (also pronounced Pien Chueh, Wade–Giles: Pien Ch'iao; died 310 BC) was, according to legend, the earliest known Chinese physician.

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Bianca Cappello

Bianca Cappello (154820 October 1587) was an Italian noblewoman who was the mistress, and afterward the second wife, of Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany.

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Bielsko-Biała Museum and Castle

The Bielsko-Biała Museum is a museum for the city of Bielsko-Biała, Poland located in the historical Bielsko Castle.

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Biopower

Biopower (or biopouvoir in French) is a term coined by French scholar, historian, and social theorist Michel Foucault.

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Birgitte Gøye

Birgitte Gøye (1511 - 26 July 1574) was a Danish county administrator, lady in waiting, landholder and noble, co-founder and principal of Herlufsholm School.

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Blagaj

Blagaj is a village-town in the south-eastern region of the Mostar basin, in the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Blidinje

Blidinje is a Nature park in Bosnia and Herzegovina, established on 30 April 1995.

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Blue

Blue is one of the three primary colours of pigments in painting and traditional colour theory, as well as in the RGB colour model.

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Blue blood

Blue blood may refer to.

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Blue hair

Blue hair is a type of hair color that does not naturally occur in human hair pigmentation, although the hair of some animals (such as dog coats) is described as blue.

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Blue-gray

Blue-gray; (American English) blue-grey (British English) is a medium bluish-gray color.

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Bluebeard

"Bluebeard" (French: Barbe bleue) is a French folktale, the most famous surviving version of which was written by Charles Perrault and first published by Barbin in Paris in 1697 in Histoires ou contes du temps passé.

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Bo Gabriel Montgomery

Bo Gabriel Montgomery also known as Bo-Gabriel de Montgomery (born 21 April 1894 in Stockholm, Sweden - died 16 October 1969 in Nyköping, Södermanland, Sweden) was a political writer, social commentator and genealogist.

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Bobali

The Bobali or Babalio (in Italian; known as Bobaljević or Bobalić in Croatian) was a noble family of the Republic of Ragusa.

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Bode Thomas

Chief Bode Thomas (October 1919–November 20, 1953) was a Nigerian lawyer, politician, statesman and traditional aristocrat.

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Boelenslaan

Boelenslaan is a small town in Achtkarspelen municipality in Friesland province in the northern Netherlands.

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Bogdan Saltanov

Bogdan Saltanov (Богдан Салтанов; 1630s – 1703Kazaryan, 1969, asserted that in 1703 Saltanov did not die, but left Russia and returned to Persia as Russian envoy. This assumption was refuted by subsequently found archive evidence (Komashko, p.47).), also known as Ivan Ievlevich Saltanov, was a Persian-born Armenian painter at the court of Alexis I of Russia and his successors.

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Bogufał I (bishop of Poznań)

Bogufał, Bishop of Poznan (died on August 8, 1146) was a Bishop of Poznań, Poland in the 1140s until his death on 8 August 1146.

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Bohemond I of Antioch

Bohemond I (3 March 1111) was the Prince of Taranto from 1089 to 1111 and the Prince of Antioch from 1098 to 1111.

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Bohun family

The Bohun family played an important part in English history during the late Middle Ages.

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Boleyn family

The Boleyn family were a prominent English family in the gentry and aristocracy.

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Bologna F.C. 1909

Bologna Football Club 1909, known simply as Bologna, is an Italian football club based in Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, formed in 1909 (reformed in 1993).

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Bon-Albert Briois de Beaumetz

Bon Albert Briois de Beaumetz or Beaumez (23 December 1755 - 1801?) was a French statesman of the French Revolution.

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Boni de Castellane

Paul Ernest Boniface de Castellane, Marquis de Castellane (February 14, 1867 – October 20, 1932) was a French nobleman known as a leading Belle Epoque tastemaker and the first husband of American railroad heiress Anna Gould.

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Bonus2.vir2

Bonus2.vir2 is the conventional Latin transliteration for the Anatolian hieroglyphic expression given by the signs L362.L386.

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Bonville–Courtenay feud

The Bonville–Courtenay feud of 1455 engendered a series of raids, sieges, and attacks between two major Devon families, the Courtenays and the Bonvilles, in south west England, in the mid-fifteenth century.

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Bonvilston

Bonvilston (Tresimwn) is a village in the Vale of Glamorgan, Wales.

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Book of Chivalry

The Book of Chivalry (French: Livre de chevalerie) was written by the knight Geoffroi de Charny (c.1306-1356) sometime around the early 1350s.

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Boris Delaunay

Boris Nikolaevich Delaunay or Delone (Бори́с Никола́евич Делоне́; March 15, 1890 – July 17, 1980) was one of the first Russian mountain climbers and a Soviet/Russian mathematician, and the father of physicist Nikolai Borisovich Delone.

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Boseong O clan

Boseong O clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Boseong Seon clan

Boseong Seon clan is a Korean clan.

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Botifler

Botiflers was a name given to Philip V of Spain supporters during the War of the Spanish Succession.

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Bour de Lesparre

Bour de Breteuil was a Mercenary captain of the Hundred Years War.

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Bourbon Restoration

The Bourbon Restoration was the period of French history following the fall of Napoleon in 1814 until the July Revolution of 1830.

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Bourbourg

Bourbourg is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Bourgeoisie

The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.

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Bouvier's Law Dictionary

Bouvier's Law Dictionary is a set consisting of two or three books with a long tradition in the United States legal community.

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Bouxières-aux-Dames

Bouxières-aux-Dames is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in northeastern France.

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Bowing

Bowing (also called stooping) is the act of lowering the torso and head as a social gesture in direction to another person or symbol.

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Boyars of Wallachia and Moldavia

The boyars of Wallachia and Moldavia were the nobility of the Danubian Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia.

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Branković dynasty

The Branković (Бранковић, Brankovići / Бранковићи) was a Serbian medieval noble family and dynasty.

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Branković family (Military Frontier)

The Branković family was a Serb noble family based in the Military Frontier of the Habsburg Empire during the 18th and 19th centuries.

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Brantingham

Brantingham is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.

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Brantingham family

The Brantinghams (or, formerly, the de Brantinghams or de Brantynghams) are a once-noble family from North East England, originally from Brantingham in Yorkshire.

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Brazilian imperial family

The Brazilian Imperial Family is a cadet branch of the Portuguese Royal House of Braganza that ruled the Empire of Brazil from 1822 to 1889, after the proclamation of independence by Prince Pedro of Braganza who was later acclaimed as Pedro I, Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender of Brazil.

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Brás Cubas

Brás Cubas (Porto, December 1507 — Porto, 1592) was a Portuguese nobleman, explorer and the founder of the village of Santos (a city today).

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Brdo Castle near Kranj

Brdo Castle near Kranj (grad Brdo pri Kranju, Egg) is an estate and a mansion in the Slovenian region of Upper Carniola west of the village of Predoslje (City Municipality of Kranj) northwest of Ljubljana.

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Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding, also known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast.

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Brethertons

Brethertons LLP is a firm of solicitors in Rugby, founded by Count William Ferdinand Wratislaw in 1810.

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Brian Luighnech Ua Conchobhair

Brian Luighneach Ua Conchobhair, Prince of Connacht, died 23 May 1181.

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Brinolfo Algotsson

Saint Brinolfo Algotsson (died 6 February 1317) was a Swedish Roman Catholic prelate and theologian who served as the Bishop of Skara from 1278 until his death.

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Brinsley Le Poer Trench, 8th Earl of Clancarty

William Francis Brinsley Le Poer Trench, 8th Earl of Clancarty, 7th Marquess of Heusden (18 September 191118 May 1995) was a prominent ufologist.

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Brita Persdotter Karth

Brita Persdotter Karth is a fictional person in Swedish history.

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Brita Scheel

Brita Scheel or Birgitte Skeel, (1638–1699), was a Danish noblewoman.

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Brita Sophia De la Gardie

Brita Sophia De la Gardie (22 April 1713 – 1797) was a Swedish noble and amateur actress who later converted to Catholicism and became a nun.

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Brita Tott

Brita Olovsdotter Tott (or Thott) (in Swedish) or Birgitte Olufsdatter Thott (in Danish), (fl. 3 March 1498), called the Lady of Hammersta, was a Danish and Swedish noble, landowner, royal county administrator, spy and forger.

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Brittany

Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the northwest of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.

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Brothel

A brothel or bordello is a place where people engage in sexual activity with prostitutes, who are sometimes referred to as sex workers.

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Brown University

Brown University is a private Ivy League research university in Providence, Rhode Island, United States.

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Brympton d'Evercy

Brympton d'Evercy (also known as Brympton House) is a manor house near Yeovil in the county of Somerset, England.

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Brzeziński

Brzeziński (feminine: Brzezińska, plural: Brzezińscy) is a Polish surname derived from the root word "brzoza" ("brzez-" in some compound words), meaning "birch".

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Buitenplaats

A buitenplaats (literally "outside place") was a summer residence for rich townspeople in the Netherlands.

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Burckhardt

Burckhardt, or (de) Bourcard in French, is a family of the Basel patriciate, descended from Christoph (Stoffel) Burckhardt (1490–1578), a merchant in cloth and silk originally from Münstertal, Black Forest, who received Basel citizenship in 1523, and became a member of the Grand Council of Basel-Stadt in 1553.

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Bureau Mazarin

The bureau Mazarin is a 17th-century desk form named more or less in memory of Cardinal Mazarin, premier minister of France from 1642 to 1661.

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Burg Schönburg

Schönburg Castle is in the municipality of Schönburg 4.5 kilometers east of Naumburg at the heart of Federal Republic of Germany in the State of Saxony-Anhalt.

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Burgmann

From the 12th century in central Europe, a Burgmann (plural: Burgmannen or modern term Burgmänner, Latin: oppidanus, castrensus) was a knight ministeriales or member of the nobility who was obligated to guard and defend castles.

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Burgrave

Burgrave also rendered as Burggrave (from Burggraf, praefectus), was since the medieval period in Europe (mainly Germany) the official title for the ruler of a castle, especially a royal or episcopal castle, and its territory called a Burgraviate or Burgravate (German Burggrafschaft also Burggrafthum, Latin praefectura).

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Burgundian Netherlands

In the history of the Low Countries, the Burgundian Netherlands (Pays-Bas Bourguignons., Bourgondische Nederlanden, Burgundeschen Nidderlanden, Bas Payis borguignons) were a number of Imperial and French fiefs ruled in personal union by the House of Valois-Burgundy and their Habsburg heirs in the period from 1384 to 1482.

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Buttlar family

Buttlar (also Butler, Buttler or Treusch von Buttlar) is the name of an old Upper Franconian-Hessian noble family.

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By-election

By-elections, also spelled bye-elections (known as special elections in the United States, and bypolls in India), are used to fill elected offices that have become vacant between general elections.

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Byeongyeong Nam clan

Byeongyeong Nam clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Bylandt

The House of Bylandt is the name of an ancient house of nobility originating in the Lower Rhine region.

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C. A. J. Armstrong

Charles Arthur John Armstrong (born 1909), known as John Armstrong, was a leading post-war English historian, known for his studies of the First Battle of St Albans and the medieval Duchy of Burgundy.

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C.C.N. Barron

Clarke Charles Netterville Barron (20 August 1834 – 10 July 1911) was the Chief Reporter of Parliamentary Debates (Hansard) for the New Zealand Parliament for 29 years from 1867.

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Cacamatzin (tlacochcalcatl)

Cacamatzin was a 15th-century Aztec noble — the eldest son of the cihuacoatl, Tlacaelel — and warrior who held the title of Tlacochcalcatl.

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Cadet branch

In history and heraldry, a cadet branch consists of the male-line descendants of a monarch or patriarch's younger sons (cadets).

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Cadet Corps

A corps of cadets, or cadet corps, was originally a kind of military school for boys.

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Caecilius Metellus

The Caecilii Metelli, one of the most important and wealthy families in the Roman Republic, came of noble (although plebeian, not patrician) stock.

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Caerula Sanguis

is a fictional character in the Battle Angel Alita: Last Order manga by Yukito Kishiro, the sequel to Battle Angel Alita.

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Cahiers de doléances

The Cahiers de doléances (or simply Cahiers as they were often known) were the lists of grievances drawn up by each of the three Estates in France, between March and April 1789, the year in which a revolutionary situation began.

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Calich

The Calich was a Ragusan noble family.

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California Conquest

California Conquest is a 1952 American film, directed by Lew Landers, and starring Cornel Wilde and Teresa Wright.

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Camões family

The Camões family were descendants of the 14th-century Portuguese nobleman Vasco Pires de Camões.

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Camilla Battista da Varano

Saint Camilla Battista da Varano, O.S.C., (9 April 1458 – 31 May 1524), from Camerino, Italy, was an Italian princess (Feb, 23, 2010).

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Camille Armand Jules Marie, Prince de Polignac

Camille Armand Jules Marie, Prince de Polignac (February 16, 1832 – November 15, 1913) was a French nobleman who served with the Confederates in the American Civil War, living on to become the last surviving Confederate major-general.

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Camille of Renesse-Breidbach

Camille Maximilien Frédéric, Count de Renesse-Breidbach (9 July 1836 in Brussels – 12 June 1904 in Nice) was a Belgian nobleman, entrepreneur and author.

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Camillo Francesco Maria Pamphili

Camillo Francesco Maria Pamphili (21 February 1622 – 26 July 1666) was an Italian Catholic Cardinal and later nobleman of the Pamphili family.

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Camillo Porzio

Camillo Porzio (1526–1580) was an Italian historian.

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Canadian heraldry

Canadian heraldry is the cultural tradition and style of coats of arms and other heraldic achievements in both modern and historic Canada.

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Canne al vento

Canne al vento (Italian for "Reeds in the wind") is a novel by the Italian author and Nobel Prize winner Grazia Deledda.

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Canon of Dutch History

The Canon of Dutch History is a list of fifty topics that aims to provide a chronological summary of Dutch history to be taught in primary schools and the first two years of secondary school in the Netherlands.

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Capítulo Noble de Fernando VI

The Capítulo Noble de Fernando VI (English translation: Noble Chapter of Ferdinand VI) is a knighthood awarded to individuals on the basis of their status as nobility and their merit.

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Capitalization

Capitalisation, or capitalization,see spelling differences is writing a word with its first letter as a capital letter (upper-case letter) and the remaining letters in lower case in writing systems with a case distinction.

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Capite censi

Capite censi were literally, in Latin, "those counted by head" in the ancient Roman census.

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Captaincies of Brazil

The Captaincies of Brazil (Capitanias do Brasil) were captaincies of the Portuguese Empire, administrative divisions and hereditary fiefs of Portugal in the colony of Terra de Santa Cruz, later called Brazil, on the Atlantic coast of northeastern South America.

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Caput baroniae

In the customs of the kingdom of England, the caput baroniae (Latin, 'head of the barony') was the ancient, or chief seat or castle of a nobleman, which was not to be divided among the daughters upon his death, in case there be no son to inherit.

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Caracciolo

Caracciolo is the surname of a famous noble family from Southern Italy, represented by the House of Caracciolo.

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Carballo (name)

Carballo is originally a (Spanish, Galician, Catalan and Basque), surname.

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Carel Godin de Beaufort

Jonkheer Karel Pieter Antoni Jan Hubertus (Carel) Godin de Beaufort (10 April 1934 – 2 August 1964) was a Dutch nobleman and motorsport driver from the Netherlands.

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Carl Bildt

Nils Daniel Carl Bildt (born 15 July 1949) is a conservative Swedish politician and diplomat who was Prime Minister of Sweden from 1991 to 1994.

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Carl Edward Vilhelm Piper

Count Carl Edward Vilhelm Piper (1820 - 1891) was a Swedish nobleman and diplomat.

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Carl Johan Cronstedt

Carl Johan Cronstedt (25 April 1709 – 9 November 1779) was a Swedish architect, inventor, count, noble, civil servant, scientist and bibliophile.

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Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.

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Carlo Buonaparte

Nob. Carlo Maria Buonaparte or Carlo Maria di Buonaparte (27 March 1746 – 24 February 1785) was an Italian lawyer and diplomat who is best known as the father of Napoleon Bonaparte.

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Carlo Fecia di Cossato

Carlo Fecia di Cossato (25 September 1908 – 27 August 1944) was an officer in the Regia Marina (Italian Navy), in command of submarines and torpedo boats during World War II.

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Carlo Imbonati

Carlo Imbonati (Milan, 1753 – Paris, 15 March 1805) was an Italian nobleman and highbrow.

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Carlo Odescalchi

Carlo Odescalchi, (5 March 1785 – 17 August 1841) was an Italian prince and priest, archbishop of Ferrara, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Vicar of the Diocese of Rome.

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Carlos Eugénio Correia da Silva, Count of Paço de Arcos

Carlos Eugénio Corrêa da Silva, 1st Viscount and 1st Count of Paço de Arcos (December 17, 1834 – November 5, 1905), was a Portuguese statesman.

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Carlos Martínez de Irujo, Duke of Sotomayor

Don Carlos Fernando Martínez de Irujo y McKean, 2nd Marquis of Casa Irujo, jure uxoris Duke of Sotomayor, Grandee of Spain (14 December 1802 in Washington, D.C. – 26 December 1855 in Madrid) was a Spanish noble and politician who served as Prime Minister of Spain.

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Carlos O'Donnell, 2nd Duke of Tetuan

Don Carlos Manuel O'Donnell y Álvarez de Abreu, 2nd Duke of Tetuan Grandee of Spain, 9th Marquis of Altamira and 2nd Count of Lucena (Valencia, 1 June 1834 – Madrid, 9 February 1903) was a Spanish noble and politician who served four times as Minister of State, the name which then received the Spanish Foreign Minister.

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Carlos Ometochtzin

Don Carlos Ometochtzin (Nahuatl for "Two Rabbit") or Ahuachpitzactzin, or Chichimecatecatl (Nahuatl for "Chichimec lord," is also known simply as Don Carlos of Texcoco, was a member of the Acolhua nobility. His date of birth is unknown. In dispute is how old he was when he was executed by the Inquisition. He is known to history for his resistance to Christian evangelization. He was burnt at the stake on November 30, 1539 at the order of Bishop Don Juan de Zumárraga, the first Catholic bishop of New Spain, for continuing to practice the pre-Hispanic religion. The main source of information on Don Carlos is the record of his inquisition trial, published in 1910 by the Mexican archives. Don Carlos was a grandson of the famous Texcocan ruler Nezahualcoyotl through his son Nezahualpilli. He held significant lands in the Texcoco region in the Aztec codex known as the Oztoticpac Lands Map of Texcoco, from ca. 1540 just after his execution. The pictorial on native paper (amatl) from Texcoco ca. 1540 is held by the manuscript division of the Library of Congress, measuring 76 x 84 cm. The contents are both pictorial and alphabetic text in Nahuatl in red and black ink. The glosses indicate it deals with lands that Texcocan lord Ixtlilxochitl I may have given to Don Carlos with litigation over the lands' ownership. The Oztoticpic Lands map was likely created between 1540 and 1544, as part of an effort to reclaim land held by Don Carlos. The map indicates a palace held by Don Carlos in Oztoticpac. In the schematic cadastrals of particular pieces of land, the map shows Nahua families who farmed the land as well as the measurements of the plots. A number of these properties were rented by tenants with standard glyphic representations of the rents. The names of the pieces of land are indicated with toponymic glyphs. The Oztoticpac Lands Map has been linked to another indigenous pictorial, the Humboldt Fragment VI held by the Berlin State Library. One of the most interesting and important features of the map is depictions of fruit trees, both European and local, many of them grafted. Pears, quince, apple, pomegranates, peaches, and grapevines are shown Income from the sale of fruit would have increased the value of the property. The importation of European fruit trees is part of the Columbian Exchange, but what is especially significant is that not just the trees were integrated into local horticulture, but the practice of grafting to increase the health and yield of the plants.

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Carnival in the Netherlands

Carnival (Carnaval; also called "vastenavond" – eve of the fasting or "vastelaovend") is a festival held throughout the Netherlands, mainly in the Southern regions, with an emphasis on role-reversal and suspension of social norms.

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Carolina Herrera

Carolina Herrera (born January 8, 1939) is a Venezuelan fashion designer known for "exceptional personal style", and for dressing various First Ladies, including Jacqueline Onassis, Laura Bush, Michelle Obama, and Melania Trump.

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Carpathian Ruthenia

Carpathian Ruthenia, Carpatho-Ukraine or Zakarpattia (Rusyn and Карпатська Русь, Karpats'ka Rus' or Закарпаття, Zakarpattja; Slovak and Podkarpatská Rus; Kárpátalja; Transcarpatia; Zakarpacie; Karpatenukraine) is a historic region in the border between Central and Eastern Europe, mostly located in western Ukraine's Zakarpattia Oblast, with smaller parts in easternmost Slovakia (largely in Prešov Region and Košice Region) and Poland's Lemkovyna.

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Carpelan

Carpelan family is a Finnish noble family from Middle Ages.

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Carrollton Manor

Carrollton Manor was a 17,000 acre (69 km²) tract of land in Frederick County, Maryland which extended from the Potomac River on the south, Catoctin Mountain to the west, the Monocacy River to the east, and Ballenger Creek to the north.

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Casimir Siemienowicz

Kazimierz Siemienowicz (Casimirus Siemienowicz, Kazimieras Simonavičius, Kazimierz Siemienowicz, born 1600 – 1651), was a Polish–Lithuanian general of artillery, gunsmith, military engineer, and pioneer of rocketry.

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Cassique

Cassiques (junior) and landgraves (senior) were intended to be a fresh new system of titles of specifically American lesser nobility, created for hereditary representatives in a proposed upper house of a bicameral Carolina assembly.

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Castle

A castle (from castellum) is a type of fortified structure built during the Middle Ages by predominantly the nobility or royalty and by military orders.

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Castle chapel

Castle chapels (Burgkapellen) in European architecture are chapels that were built within a castle.

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Castle of Freÿr

The castle of Freÿr with its gardens in the style of Le Nôtre is located on the left bank of the Meuse, between Waulsort and Dinant (province of Namur, Belgium).

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Castle of Westerlo

On the territory of the municipality of Westerlo (Westerloo, using the old spelling) there are several castles.

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Catalan Courts

The Catalan Courts or General Court of Catalonia (Corts Catalanes or Cort General de Catalunya) was the policymaking and parliamentary body of the Principality of Catalonia from the 13th to the 18th century.

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Catalan nationalism

Catalan nationalism is the ideology asserting that the Catalans are a nation.

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Catarina de San Juan

Catarina de San Juan known as the China Poblana was a slave that, according to legend, belonged to a noble family from India.

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Catastro of Ensenada

In 1749 a large-scale census and statistical investigation was conducted in the Crown of Castile (15.000 places including Galicia and Andalusia, but not including the Basque provinces, Navarre or the Crown of Aragon).

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Catch: The Hold Not Taken

Catch: The Hold Not Taken is a 2005 documentary film that contrasts the billion dollar industry of professional wrestling with its humble roots in Lancashire, England, where the original tradition struggles to survive.

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Catello di Rosso Gianfigliazzi

Catello di Rosso Gianfigliazzi was a Florentine nobleman who lived in the late 13th century around the time of Giotto and Dante.

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Catherine Brandon, Duchess of Suffolk

Catherine Brandon, Duchess of Suffolk, suo jure 12th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby (22 March 1519 – 19 September 1580), was an English noblewoman living at the courts of King Henry VIII, King Edward VI and Queen Elizabeth I. She was the fourth wife of Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk, who acted as her legal guardian during his third marriage to Henry VIII's sister Mary.

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Catherine Doherty

Ekaterina Fyodorovna Kolyschkine de Hueck Doherty, better known as Catherine Doherty (August 15, 1896 – December 14, 1985), was a Catholic social worker and founder of the Madonna House Apostolate. A pioneer of social justice and a renowned national speaker, Doherty was also a prolific writer of hundreds of articles, best-selling author of dozens of books, and a dedicated wife and mother. Her cause for canonization as a saint is under consideration by the Catholic Church., catherinedoherty.org.

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Catherine Howard

Catherine Howard (– 13 February 1542) was Queen of England from 1540 until 1541, as the fifth wife of Henry VIII.

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Catherine of Genoa

Saint Catherine of Genoa (Caterina Fieschi Adorno, 1447 – 15 September 1510) was an Italian Roman Catholic saint and mystic, admired for her work among the sick and the poor and remembered because of various writings describing both these actions and her mystical experiences.

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Catherine von Schindel, Duchess of Bernstadt

Catherine Elizabeth von Schindel zu Sasterhausen, Duchess of Bernstadt, known also by her later married names as Catherine von Dyhrn und Schönau and Catherine von Köckritz und Friedland (1559 - 16 May 1601) was a Silesian noblewoman, landowner and heiress.

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Catherine Woodville, Duchess of Buckingham

Catherine Woodville (also spelled Wydville, Wydeville, or WidvileAlthough spelling of the family name is usually modernised to "Woodville", it was spelled "Wydeville" in contemporary publications by Caxton and her tomb at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle is inscribed thus; "Edward IV and his Queen Elizabeth Widvile".) (c. 1458Her brother Richard's 1492 postmortem inquisition names her as being “34 or more”, placing her birthdate at about 1458. See Calendar of Inquisitions Post-Mortem, Henry VII, vol. I, No. 681 (Richard, Earl of Ryvers). – 18 May 1497) was an English medieval noblewoman.

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Catholic Church in Belarus

The Catholic Church in Belarus is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.

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Catnapped!

, known outside Japan as Catnapped!, is a 1995 Japanese anime feature film, directed, created and written by Takashi Nakamura, who was also its character designer.

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Caucasian Imamate

The Caucasian Imamate, also known as the Caucasus Imamate (`Imāmat al-Qawqāz), was the state established by the imams in Dagestan and Chechnya during the early-to-mid 19th century in the Northern Caucasus, to fight against the Russian Empire during the Caucasian War, where Russia sought to conquer the Caucasus in order to secure communications with its new territories south of the mountains.

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Causes of the May Revolution

The May Revolution (Revolución de Mayo) was a series of revolutionary political and social events that took place during the early nineteenth century in the city of Buenos Aires, capital of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a colony of the Spanish Crown which at the time contained the present-day nations of Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay.

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Cândido da Fonseca Galvão

Cândido da Fonseca Galvão, also known as Dom Obá II D'África (Lençóis, 1845-1890), was a Brazilian military officer and nobleman.

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Călărași District

Călărași is a district (raion) in the central part of Moldova, with the administrative center at Călărași.

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Cecilia Månsdotter

Cecilia Månsdotter Eka (c. 1476–1523) also called Cecilia of Eka, was a Swedish noblewoman.

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Ceh Pech

Ceh Pech (pronounced Keh Pech, 'Ceh (deer): patronymic, perhaps Ah Ceh; Pech (tick), perhaps also a patronymic composed of the union of two family names') is the name of a post-classic Maya ruling family and a province, or kuchkabal of the northern Yucatán Peninsula.

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Celestina (novel)

Celestina is an eighteenth-century English novel and poet Charlotte Turner Smith’s third novel.

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Celia (Spanish TV series)

Celia is a Spanish children's television series created by José Luis Borau in 1992 for the national Spanish public-service channel Televisión Española.

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Cemetery

A cemetery or graveyard is a place where the remains of dead people are buried or otherwise interred.

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Central Agricultural Zone (Russia)

The Central Agricultural Zone is a traditional region of Russia.

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Centre-right politics

Centre-right politics or center-right politics (American English), also referred to as moderate-right politics, are politics that lean to the right of the left–right political spectrum, but are closer to the centre than other right-wing variants.

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Cerva family

The Cerva (Cervinus, also spellt Cereva, Cerieva, Creve, Crieva, Crevice; known in Croatian as Crijević) was a Ragusan noble family from Ragusa (modern Dubrovnik), which held noble titles in the Republic of Ragusa, and in the Austrian and Austro-Hungarian empires.

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Cesare Borgia

Cesare Borgia (Catalan:; César Borja,; 13 September 1475 – 12 March 1507), Duke of Valentinois, was an Italian condottiero, nobleman, politician, and cardinal with Aragonese origin, whose fight for power was a major inspiration for The Prince by Machiavelli.

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Chacas

San Martín de Chacas is a Peruvian city, capital of the eponymous district and the Asunción Province, located in the east-central region of Ancash.

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Chadian Democratic Union

The Chadian Democratic Union (Union Démocratique Tchadienne, UDT) was a political party in Chad.

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Chamberlain (office)

A chamberlain (Medieval Latin: cambellanus or cambrerius, with charge of treasury camerarius) is a senior royal official in charge of managing a royal household.

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Champagne

Champagne is sparkling wine or, in EU countries, legally only that sparkling wine which comes from the Champagne region of France.

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Champerty and maintenance

Champerty and maintenance are doctrines in common law jurisdictions that aim to preclude frivolous litigation.

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Chandrashekhar Agashe

Chandrashekhar Agashe (चंद्रशेखर आगाशे.; IAST: Candraśekhara Āgāśe; February 14, 1888 — June 9, 1956) was an Indian industrialist and lawyer, best remembered as the founder of the Brihan Maharashtra Sugar Syndicate Ltd. He served as the managing director of the company from its inception in 1934 till his death in 1956.

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Changes to Old English vocabulary

Many words that existed in Old English did not survive into Modern English.

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Changwon Hwang clan

Changwon Hwang clan is a Korean clan.

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Chaplain

A chaplain is a cleric (such as a minister, priest, pastor, rabbi, or imam), or a lay representative of a religious tradition, attached to a secular institution such as a hospital, prison, military unit, school, business, police department, fire department, university, or private chapel.

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Charge (youth)

During the European Middle Ages, a charge often meant an underage person placed under the supervision of a nobleman.

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Charles Blount, 8th Baron Mountjoy

Charles Blount, 1st Earl of Devonshire, KG (pronounced Blunt; 15633 April 1606) was an English nobleman and soldier who served as Lord Deputy of Ireland under Queen Elizabeth I, then as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland under King James I. He succeeded to the family title of Baron Mountjoy in 1594, before commanding the Crown's forces during the final years of Tyrone's Rebellion.

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Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore

Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, FRS (29 September 1699 – 24 April 1751) was a British nobleman and Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland.

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Charles de Beaupoil, comte de Saint-Aulaire

Auguste-Félix-Charles de Beaupoil, comte de Saint-Aulaire (born 13 August 1866 at Angoulême; died 26 September 1954 in Périgord) was a French aristocrat, diplomat, author and historian.

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Charles de Berlaymont

Charles de Berlaymont (1510 in Berlaimont? – 1578 in Namur?) was a leading nobleman in the Low Countries in the 16th century.

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Charles de Brouckère

Jonkheer Charles Joseph Marie Ghislain de Brouckère (18 January 1796 – 20 April 1860) was a Belgian nobleman and liberal politician.

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Charles Edward Stuart, Count Roehenstart

Charles Edward Augustus Maximilian Stuart, Baron Korff, Count Roehenstart (– 28 October 1854) was the natural son of Prince Ferdinand of Rohan (1738–1813), Roman Catholic Archbishop of Cambrai, by Charlotte Stuart, Duchess of Albany, herself the natural but legitimised daughter of Charles Edward Stuart, "The Young Pretender" or "Bonnie Prince Charlie".

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Charles J. Stolbrand

Charles J. Stolbrand (1821-1894), was a sergeant in the Swedish artillery who emigrated to the United States, becoming a brigadier general in the Union Army during the Civil War, and a carpetbagger in South Carolina after the war.

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Charles Thomas, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg

Prince Charles Thomas Albert Louis Joseph Constantine of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (18 July 1783 in Bartenstein (today part of Schrozberg) – 3 November 1849 in Heidelberg) was an Austrian officer during the Napoleonic Wars and from 1814 onwards, a member of the landless high nobility.

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Charles V of France

Charles V (21 January 1338 – 16 September 1380), called "the Wise" (le Sage; Sapiens), was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1364 to his death.

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Charles-Antoine Lamoral of Ligne-La Trémoïlle

Prince Charles-Antoine Marie Louis Eugène Lamoral of Ligne-La Trémoïlle (born 30 September 1946) is a Belgian French aristocrat and businessman, member of one of the most prestigious families of the Belgian nobility, the House of Ligne.

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Charlotta Malm-Reuterholm

Lovisa Charlotta Malm-Reuterholm (1768–1845) was a Finnish - Swedish artist, painter, writer and noble.

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Charter of Kortenberg

On September 27, 1312, the Duke of Brabant signed the Charter of Kortenberg that should better be referred to as a constitution.

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Chatsworth Osborne Jr.

Chatsworth T. Osborne Jr. is the millionaire dilettante in 35 of the 142 episodes of CBS's situation comedy series The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis.

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Chaytor baronets

The Chaytor dynasty is an eminent ancient English noble family, on which has been conferred two baronetcies, one in the Baronetage of England and one in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom and several knighthoods.

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Château

A château (plural châteaux; in both cases) is a manor house or residence of the lord of the manor or a country house of nobility or gentry, with or without fortifications, originally—and still most frequently—in French-speaking regions.

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Château de Beaupré

Château de Beaupré is a French bastide, vineyard and winery in Saint-Cannat, Bouches-du-Rhône, France.

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Château de Flaugergues

The Château de Flaugergues is a castle near Montpellier, Occitanie, southern France.

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Château de La Celle-Guenand

Under the Ancien Régime in France this château was the seat of the Barony of La Celle-Guenand.

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Château de Touffou

The Château de Touffou is a castle, converted into a mansion, in the commune of Bonnes 18 km east of Poitiers, 3 km north of Chauvigny in the Vienne département and on a long tall bank of the River Vienne, France.

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Château des Cars

The Château des Cars is a ruined castle at Les Cars in the Limousin region of west France.

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Châteaux of the Loire Valley

The Châteaux of the Loire Valley (French: Châteaux de la Loire) are part of the architectural heritage of the historic towns of Amboise, Angers, Blois, Chinon, Montsoreau, Nantes, Orléans, Saumur, and Tours along the Loire River in France.

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Châtelain

Châtelain (from castellanus, derived from castellum; pertaining to a castle, fortress. Middle English: castellan from Anglo-Norman: castellain and Old French: castelain), was originally the French title for the keeper of a castle.

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Cheongju Dongbang clan

Cheongju Dongbang clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Cheongju Han clan

Cheongju Han clan is a Korean clan.

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Cheongju Sa clan

Cheongju Sa clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Cheongju Yang clan

Cheongju Yang clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Cherkezishvili

Cherkezishvili (ჩერქეზიშვილი) is a Georgian noble family, descended from the Circassian chieftains of Great Kabarda, whence the surname, literally meaning "children/descendants of a Circassian" in Georgian.

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Chess

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.

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Chica da Silva

Francisca da Silva de Oliveira (c. 1732-1796), known in history by the name Chica da Silva whose romanticized version/character is also known by the spelling Xica da Silva was a Brazilian woman who became famous for becoming rich and powerful despite having been born into slavery.

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Chicken War

Chicken War or Hen War (Wojna kokosza) is the colloquial name for a 1537 anti-royalist and anti-absolutist rokosz (rebellion) by the Polish nobility.

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Childe

In the Middle Ages, a childe or child (from Cild "Young Lord") was the son of a nobleman who had not yet attained knighthood or had not yet won his spurs.

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Childhood in medieval England

Childhood in medieval England was determined by both social and biological factors.

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Chimalpopoca (Moctezuma)

Chimalpopoca is identified by some sources as a son of the Tlatoani Moctezuma II, not be confused with an earlier Aztec ruler of the same name.

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Chinese nobility

Chinese sovereignty and peerage, the nobility of China, was an important feature of the traditional social and political organization of Imperial China.

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Chinese social structure

The social structure of China has an extensive history which begins from the feudal society of Imperial China to the contemporary era.

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Chintila

Chintila (Chintila, Chintilla, Cintila; 606 – 20 December 639 AD) was a Visigothic King of Hispania, Septimania and Galicia from 636.

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Chirwon Zhu clan

Chirwon Zhu clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Chivalry

Chivalry, or the chivalric code, is an informal, varying code of conduct developed between 1170 and 1220, never decided on or summarized in a single document, associated with the medieval institution of knighthood; knights' and gentlewomen's behaviours were governed by chivalrous social codes.

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Chogye Byeon clan

Chogye Byeon clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Chogye Joo clan

Chogye Joo clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Christian Ditlev Reventlow (1710–1775)

Christian Ditlev, Count of Reventlow (10 March 1710 – 30 March 1775) was a Danish Privy Councillor, nobleman and estate owner.

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Christian Ehrenfried Weigel

Christian Ehrenfried Weigel (24 May 1748 – 8 August 1831) was a German scientist and, beginning in 1774, a professor of Chemistry, Pharmacy, Botany, and Mineralogy at the University of Greifswald.

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Christian Historical Party

The Christian Historical Party (in Dutch: Christelijk Historische Partij, CHP) was a Dutch conservative Reformed political party, which existed from 1903 to 1908.

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Christian Historical Union

The Christian Historical Union (Christelijk-Historische Unie, CHU) was a Protestant Christian-democratic political party in the Netherlands.

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Christian monasticism

Christian monasticism is the devotional practice of individuals who live ascetic and typically cloistered lives that are dedicated to Christian worship.

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Christian Zetlitz Bretteville

Christian Zetlitz Bretteville (17 November 1800 – 24 February 1871) was a Norwegian politician who served as Prime Minister 1858–1859 and in 1861 and who held several other cabinet positions between 1850 and 1871.

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Christiana Oxenstierna

Christiana Juliana Oxenstierna (23 September 1661 – 27 February 1701) was a Swedish noble.

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Christianity in the 16th century

In 16th-century Christianity, Protestantism came to the forefront and marked a significant change in the Christian world.

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Christina Abrahamsdotter

Christina Abrahamsdotter (Kristina Abrahamsdotter) (Kristiina Abrahamintytär) (1432–1492) was a Finnish noble, royal mistress and later third spouse and Queen consort of King Charles VIII of Sweden.

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Christina Gyllenstierna

Christina Nilsdotter Gyllenstierna of Fogelvik (Swedish: Kristina or Kerstin: 1494 – January 1559, Hörningsholm Castle) was a Swedish noble and a heroine.

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Christina, Queen of Sweden

Christina (– 19 April 1689) reigned as Queen of Sweden from 1632 until her abdication in 1654.

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Christine de Pizan

Christine de Pizan (also seen as de Pisan;; 1364 – c. 1430) was an Italian late medieval author.

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Christmas in Finland

Christmas in Finland begins, as is commonplace on public holidays in Finland, on Christmas Eve.

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Christoph Johann von Medem

Count Christoph Johann Friedrich von Medem (Jeannot Medem; 1763–1838) was a nobleman from Courland and courtier in the courts of Prussian kings Frederick the Great, Frederick William II and Emperor of Russia Paul I. His sisters were poet Elisa von der Recke and last Duchess of Courland, Dorothea von Medem.

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Christoph Moritz Max Freiherr von Beschwitz

Christoph Moritz Max Freiherr von Beschwitz (Schloss Arnsdorf, 2 April 1898 – Wiesbaden, 26 September 1980), Lord of the Castle of Arnsdorf in the Kingdom of Saxony, was a German Nobleman, son of Heinrich Moritz Max Freiherr von Beschwitz and wife Alexandra Emilie Caroline Eugenie Henriette Adele Gräfin Zedtwitz von Moraván und Duppau.

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Chungju Choe clan

Chungju Choe clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Chungju Ji clan

Chungju Ji clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Chungju Mae clan

Chungju Mae clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Chungju Seok clan

Chungju Seok clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Church of St. Petka in Staničenje

The Church of St.

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Churl

A churl (etymologically the same name as Charles / Carl and Old High German karal), in its earliest Old English (Anglo-Saxon) meaning, was simply "a man", and more particularly a "husband", but the word soon came to mean "a non-servile peasant", still spelled ċeorl(e), and denoting the lowest rank of freemen.

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Ciappo Ubriachi

Ciappo Ubriachi was a Florentine nobleman who lived in the late 13th century around the time of Giotto and Dante.

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Cicisbeo

In 18th- and 19th-century Italy, the cicisbeo (plural: cicisbei), or cavalier servente (chevalier servant in French), was the professed gallant and perhaps lover in a sexual sense of a married woman, who attended her at public entertainments, to church and other occasions and had privileged access to his mistress.

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CILANE

The European Commission of the Nobility under the name CILANE ("Commission d'information et de liaison des associations nobles d'Europe") was established in 1959, April, foremost for the exchange of experiences and information about developments in its member Associations.

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Cimino family

Cimino or Cimini is the name of one, two or many different families possibly originating from Orvieto.

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Cindy Crawford

Cynthia Ann Crawford (born February 20, 1966) is an American model and actress.

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Circassians in Iran

The Circassians in Iran (East Circassian and West Circassian: Адыгэхэр Къажэрей, Adyghexer Kŭazhéreĭ; چرکس های ایران) are an ethnic minority in Iran.

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Citizenship

Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or belonging to a nation.

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City status in Belgium

City status in Belgium is granted to a select group of municipalities by a royal decree or by an act of law.

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Ciudad Victoria

Ciudad Victoria is the capital of the Municipality of Victoria and the Mexican state of Tamaulipas.

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Civilizing mission

The mission civilisatrice (in English "civilizing mission") was a rationale for intervention or colonization, purporting to contribute to the spread of civilization, and used mostly in relation to the Westernization of indigenous peoples in the 15th - 20 th centuries.

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Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé

Claire Clémence de Maillé (25 February 1628 – 16 April 1694) was a French noblewoman from the Brézé family and a niece of Cardinal Richelieu.

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Clan Ostoja

Clan Ostoja (ancient Polish: Ostoya) was a powerful group of knights and lords in late-medieval Europe.

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Clan Sinclair

Clan Sinclair (Clann na Ceàrda) is a Highland Scottish clan who held lands in the north of Scotland, the Orkney Islands, and the Lothians.

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Class in Aztec society

Aztec society traditionally was divided into social classes.

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Claude I de Manville

Claude I de Manville was a French nobleman.

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Claude-François-Marie Rigoley

Claude-François-Marie Rigoley, comte d'Ogny (9 January 1756 – 3 October 1790) was a French nobleman, military officer, patron of the arts, Freemason, and founder of the Concert de la Loge Olympique.

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Claudius of Besançon

Saint Claudius of Besançon (Saint Claude), sometimes called Claude the Thaumaturge (ca. 607 – June 6, 696 or 699 AD), was a priest, monk, abbot, and bishop.

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Clemens von Delbrück

Clemens Ernst Gottlieb von Delbrück (19 January 1856, Halle an der Saale – 17 December 1921, Jena) was a German conservative politician.

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Coade stone

Coade stone or Lithodipyra or Lithodipra (Ancient Greek (λίθος/δίς/πυρά), "stone fired twice") was stoneware that was often described as an artificial stone in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

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Coat of arms

A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard.

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Coat of arms of Amsterdam

The coat of arms of Amsterdam is the official coat of arms symbol of the city of Amsterdam.

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Coat of arms of Bivona

The Coat of arms of Bivona is the representational emblem of the Italian town of Bivona, in Agrigento, Sicily, situated in the Monti Sicani mountain range.

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Coat of arms of Copenhagen

The coat of arms of Copenhagen was granted (under its current form) on 24 June 1661 by king Frederick III of Denmark in appraisal of Copenhagen's citizen's efforts in repelling the Swedish siege and attack in 1658–1659.

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Coat of arms of Haarlem

The coat of arms of Haarlem is the official symbol of the city of Haarlem.

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Coat of arms of the city of Bamberg

The coat of arms of the city of Bamberg shows Saint George.

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Cochineal

The cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) is a scale insect in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, from which the natural dye carmine is derived.

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Cocoa bean

The cocoa bean, also called cacao bean, cocoa, and cacao, is the dried and fully fermented seed of Theobroma cacao, from which cocoa solids and, because of the seed's fat, cocoa butter can be extracted.

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CoDominium

CoDominium is a series of future history novels written by American writer Jerry Pournelle, along with several co-authors, primarily Larry Niven.

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Coilus

Coilus was a legendary king of the Britons during the time of the Roman occupation of Britain as recounted in Geoffrey of Monmouth's pseudohistorical Historia Regum Britanniae.

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Colditz Castle

Castle Colditz (or Schloss Colditz in German) is a Renaissance castle in the town of Colditz near Leipzig, Dresden and Chemnitz in the state of Saxony in Germany.

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Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll

Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll (ca. 1433 – d. 10 May 1493), was a medieval Scottish nobleman, peer, and politician.

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Colin Campbell, 3rd Earl of Argyll

Colin Campbell, 3rd Earl of Argyll (c. 1486 – 9 October 1529) was a Scottish nobleman and soldier.

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Colin Campbell, 6th Earl of Argyll

Colin Campbell, 6th Earl of Argyll (c. 1541/1546 – October 1584) was a Scottish nobleman and politician.

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Commemoration of Carl Linnaeus

Commemoration of Carl Linnaeus has been ongoing for over two centuries.

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Commendation ceremony

A commendation ceremony (commendatio) is a formal ceremony that evolved during the Early Medieval period to create a bond between a lord and his fighting man, called his vassal.

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Commercial Revolution

The Commercial Revolution consisted in the creation of a European economy based on trade, which began in the 11th century and lasted until it was succeeded by the Industrial Revolution in the mid-18th century.

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Commissioner (Scottish Parliament)

A Commissioner was a legislator appointed or elected to represent a royal burgh or shire in the pre-Union Scottish Parliament and the associated Convention of the Estates.

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Commoner

The common people, also known as the common man, commoners, or the masses, are the ordinary people in a community or nation who lack any significant social status, especially those who are members of neither royalty, nobility, the clergy, nor any member of the aristocracy.

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Commonwealth

A commonwealth is a traditional English term for a political community founded for the common good.

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Compromise of Nobles

The Compromise of Nobles ('''Eedverbond der Edelen'''.; '''Compromis des Nobles'''.) was a covenant of members of the lesser nobility in the Habsburg Netherlands who came together to submit a petition to the Regent Margaret of Parma on 5 April 1566, with the objective of obtaining a moderation of the placards against heresy in the Netherlands.

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Conchobar ua nDiarmata

Conchobar ua nDiarmata, Noble of Connacht and foster-son to Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair, died 1189.

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Confederate States Constitution

The Confederate States Constitution, formally the Constitution of the Confederate States of America, was the supreme law of the Confederate States, as adopted on March 11, 1861, and in effect from February 22, 1862, through the conclusion of the American Civil War.

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Connemara Public Library

Connemara Public Library at Egmore in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, is one of the four National Depository Libraries which receive a copy of all books, newspapers and periodicals published in India.

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Conquest of the Canary Islands

The conquest of the Canary Islands by the Crown of Castille took place between 1402 and 1496.

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Conquistador

Conquistadors (from Spanish or Portuguese conquistadores "conquerors") is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense.

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Conrad Mardefelt

Baron Conrad Mardefelt, formally Conrad von Maesberg, friherre Marderfelt (c. 1610-1688) was a Field Marshal of Sweden (1675).

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Conscription in Russia

Conscription in Russia (in Russia is known as or "universal military obligation" or "liability for military service") is a 12-month draft, mandatory for all male citizens age 18–27, with a number of exceptions.

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Conscription in the Russian Empire

Conscription in the Russian Empire was introduced by Peter I of Russia.

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Conservation and restoration of fur objects

The conservation and restoration of fur objects is the preservation and protection of objects made from or containing fur.

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Conspicuous leisure

Conspicuous leisure is a concept introduced by the American economist and sociologist Thorstein Veblen, in The Theory of the Leisure Class (1899).

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Constant d'Aubigné

Constant d'Aubigné (158531 August 1647) was a French nobleman, son of Théodore-Agrippa d'Aubigné, the poet, soldier, propagandist and chronicler.

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Constantine Bodin

Constantine Bodin (Константѝн Бо̀дин, Konstantìn Bòdin, Константин Бодин/Konstantin Bodin; 1072–1101) was the ruler of Duklja, from 1081 to 1101, succeeding his father, Mihailo Vojislavljević (1050–1081).

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Constantius Chlorus

Constantius I (Marcus Flavius Valerius Constantius Herculius Augustus;Martindale, pg. 227 31 March 25 July 306), commonly known as Constantius Chlorus (Χλωρός, Kōnstantios Khlōrós, literally "Constantius the Pale"), was Caesar, a form of Roman co-emperor, from 293 to 306.

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Constitution of Denmark

The Constitutional Act of the Kingdom of Denmark (Danmarks Riges Grundlov), or simply the Constitution (Grundloven), is the constitution of the Kingdom of Denmark, applying equally in Denmark proper, Greenland and the Faroe Islands.

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Constitution of May 3, 1791 (painting)

The Constitution of May 3, 1791 (Konstytucja 3 Maja 1791 roku) is an 1891 Romantic oil painting on canvas by the Polish artist Jan Matejko.

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Constitution of Mexico

The Constitution of Mexico, formally the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States (Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is the current constitution of Mexico.

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Constitution of Poland

The current Constitution of Poland was adopted on 2 April 1997.

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Consulta Araldica

The Consulta Araldica (College of Arms) was a college instituted by royal decree on 10 October 1869 to advise the Italian government on noble titles, coats of arms and related matters.

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Conventional warfare

Conventional warfare is a form of warfare conducted by using conventional weapons and battlefield tactics between two or more states in open confrontation.

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Cook (domestic worker)

A cook or private chef is a household staff member responsible for food preparation.

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Copernican Revolution

The Copernican Revolution was the paradigm shift from the Ptolemaic model of the heavens, which described the cosmos as having Earth stationary at the center of the universe, to the heliocentric model with the Sun at the center of the Solar System.

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Cormac Cruinn Ó Máille

Cormac Cruinn Ó Máille (died 1384) was an Irish noble.

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Cornelis HrR Ridder de Graeff

Cornelis de Graeff, also Andriesz Cornelis de Graeff (May 19, 1650 in Den Haag – October 16, 1678) was a Dutch nobleman and chieflandholder of the Zijpe and Haze Polder.

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Cornelius Anckarstjerna

Cornelius Didrikson Thijsen Anckarstierna (25 January 1655 – 19 April 1714) was a Swedish admiral of Dutch origin and a member of the Swedish House of Nobility.

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Cornish people

The Cornish people or Cornish (Kernowyon) are an ethnic group native to, or associated with Cornwall: and a recognised national minority in the United Kingdom, which can trace its roots to the ancient Britons who inhabited southern and central Great Britain before the Roman conquest.

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Coronation of the Danish monarch

The coronation of the Danish monarch was a religious ceremony in which the accession of the Danish monarch was marked by a coronation ceremony.

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Coronet

In English, a coronet is a small crown consisting of ornaments fixed on a metal ring.

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Corpo della Nobiltà Italiana

The Corpo della nobiltà italiana (English: Body of the Italian Nobility), sometimes indicated with the acronym CNI, is a private association established in 1957 in order to protect heraldic and nobility rights of Italian nobles after the republican constitution (in force since 1948) ended the public recognition and safeguard of nobility titles (including the condition of noble without title).

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Cortes of Cádiz

The Cádiz Cortes was the first national assembly to claim sovereignty in Spain.

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Coudenhove-Kalergi

The Coudenhove-Kalergi family is a noble Bohemian family of mixed European descent, which was formed after Count Franz Karl von Coudenhove (1825–1893) married Marie Kalergi (1840–1877).

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Count

Count (Male) or Countess (Female) is a title in European countries for a noble of varying status, but historically deemed to convey an approximate rank intermediate between the highest and lowest titles of nobility.

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Count Dracula

Count Dracula is the title character of Bram Stoker's 1897 gothic horror novel Dracula.

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Count Francesco Matarazzo

Don Francesco Antonio Maria Matarazzo, Count Matarazzo (March 9, 1854 in Castellabate – December 10, 1937 in São Paulo, Brazil), was an Italian-Brazilian businessman and noble who created a large business in South America, particularly in Brazil.

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Count Grog

Greg Mosorjak (born June 21, 1961), better known as Count Grog, is an American professional wrestling manager, referee, ring announcer, commentator, promoter, and booker.

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Count Moritz von Fries

Moritz Christian Johann Reichsgraf von Fries (born 6 May 1777 in Vienna; died 26 December 1826 in Paris) was an Austrian nobleman, banker and patron of the arts.

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Count of Abrantes

Count of Abrantes (in Portuguese Conde de Abrantes) was a Portuguese title of nobility created by a royal decree, dated from June 13, 1476, by King Afonso V of Portugal, and granted to his 4th cousin, Lopo de Almeida.

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Count of Alcoutim

Count of Alcoutim (in Portuguese Conde de Alcoutim) was a Portuguese title of nobility, subsidiary to the one of Marquis of Vila Real, created by a royal decree, dated from November 15, 1496, by King John II of Portugal, and granted to Dom Fernando de Menezes, also known as Ferdinand II of Menezes, 2nd Marquis of Vila Real, 4th Count of Vila Real and 2nd Count of Valença.

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Count of Almedina

Count of Almedina is a Portuguese title of nobility created on 13 April 1882 by Louis I of Portugal.

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Count of Alvor

Count of Alvor (in Portuguese Conde de Alvor) was a Portuguese title of nobility granted by king Peter II of Portugal on 4 February 1683, to Francisco de Távora, second son of António Luís de Távora, 2nd Count of São João da Pesqueira.

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Count of Ameal

Count of Ameal (Portuguese: Conde do Ameal) is a Portuguese title of nobility held by the Ayres de Campos family (also graphed Aires de Campos in contemporary Portuguese orthography).

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Count of Assumar

Count of Assumar was a Portuguese title of nobility granted, on 30 March 1630, by King Philip III of Portugal, to D. Francisco de Melo, son of Constantino de Bragança, a junior member of the House of Cadaval.

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Count of Atouguia

Count of Atouguia (in Portuguese Conde de Atouguia) was a Portuguese title of nobility created by a royal decree, dated from 17 December 1448, by King Afonso V of Portugal, and granted to D. Álvaro Gonçalves de Ataíde.

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Count of Barcelos

Count of Barcelos (in Portuguese Conde de Barcelos) is a title of nobility, the first to be granted in Portugal.

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Count of Faro

Count of Faro (in Portuguese Conde de Faro) was a Portuguese title of nobility granted by royal decree issued on 22 May 1469, by King Afonso V of Portugal, to D. Afonso of Braganza, the third son of Fernando I, Duke of Braganza.

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Count of Feira

Count of Feira (in Portuguese Conde da Feira) was a Portuguese title of nobility created by a royal decree, in 1481, by King Afonso V of Portugal, and granted to D. Rui Pereira, the son of Fernão Pereira, Lord of Santa Maria da Feira.

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Count of Idanha-a-Nova

Count of Idanha-a-Nova was a Portuguese title of nobility created on 17 June 1892 by Charles I of Portugal.

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Count of Juncal

Count of Juncal (Portuguese: Conde do Juncal) is a Portuguese title of nobility.

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Count of Loulé

Count of Loulé (in Portuguese Conde de Loulé) was a Portuguese title of nobility granted to Henrique de Menezes by royal decree issued on November 12, 1471, by King Afonso V of Portugal.

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Count of Marialva

The Count of Marialva (Conde de Marialva) was a Portuguese title of nobility created by a royal decree, issued in 1440, by King Afonso V of Portugal, and granted to Vasco Fernandes Coutinho (from a family descendency dating to the old Portuguese nobility), the third Marshal of Portugal.

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Count of Merenberg

Count of Merenberg (German: Graf von Merenberg) is the title bestowed in 1868 by the reigning Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont, George Victor, upon the morganatic wife and male-line descendants of Prince Nikolaus Wilhelm of Nassau (1832-1905), who married Natalia Alexandrovna Pushkina (1836-1913), former wife of Russian General Mikhail Leontievich von Dubelt.

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Count of Miranda do Corvo

Count of Miranda do Corvo (in Portuguese Conde de Miranda do Corvo) was a Portuguese title of nobility created by a royal decree, dated from March 21, 1611, by King Philip II of Portugal, also known as Philip III of Spain, and granted to Dom Henrique de Sousa Tavares.

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Count of Odemira

Count of Odemira (in Portuguese Conde de Odemira) was a Portuguese title of nobility granted to D. Sancho de Noronha by royal decree issued on 9 October 1446, by King Afonso V of Portugal.

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Count of Olivença

Count of Olivença, (in Portuguese Conde de Olivença) was a Portuguese title of nobility created by a royal decree, on 21 July 1424, by King Afonso V of Portugal, and granted to Dom Rodrigo Afonso of Melo.

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Count of Penaguião

Count of Penaguião (in Portuguese Conde de Penaguião) is a Portuguese title of nobility, created by King Philip I of Portugal, on 10 February 1583, for Dom João Rodrigues de Sá.

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Count of Penela

Count of Penela (Conde de Penela) was a Portuguese title of nobility.

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Count of Peniche

Count of Peniche (in Portuguese Conde de Peniche) was a Portuguese title of nobility created by a royal decree, dated from December 6, 1806, by Prince Regent John, on behalf of Queen Maria I of Portugal, and granted to Caetano José de Noronha e Albuquerque, younger son of the 3rd Marquis of Angeja and 4th Count of Vila Verde.

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Count of Portalegre

Count of Portalegre (in Portuguese Conde de Portalegre) was a Portuguese title of nobility created by royal decree dated from February 6, 1498, by King Manuel I of Portugal, and granted to Diogo da Silva.

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Count of Redondo

Count of Redondo (Portuguese: Conde de Redondo) was a Portuguese title of nobility created by a royal decree, in 1481, by King Manuel I of Portugal, and granted to D. Vasco Coutinho, the son of Fernando Coutinho, Marshall of Portugal.

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Count of Ribeira Grande

The Counts of Ribeira Grande (Condes de Ribeira Grande) was a title of nobility granted to a hereditary line of nobles from the island of São Miguel in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores, most closely associated with the Gonçalves da Câmara familial line.

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Count of Santa Cruz

Count of Santa Cruz (in Portuguese Conde de Santa Cruz) was a Portuguese title of nobility created by a royal decree of King Philip II of Portugal, also known as Philip III of Spain, dated from October 3, 1593, and granted to Francisco de Mascarenhas (1530-1608), nephew of Dom Pedro de Mascarenhas, 6th Viceroy of Portuguese India.

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Count of Teba

Count of Teba is a hereditary title of nobility created in the Peerage of Spain.

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Count of Tentúgal

Count of Tentúgal (in Portuguese Conde de Tentúgal) was a Portuguese title of nobility created by a royal decree, dated from 1 January 1504, by King Manuel I of Portugal, and granted to Dom Rodrigo de Melo, son of Álvaro of Braganza and Philippa of Melo (daughter and heir of the Count of Olivença).

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Count of Vale de Reis

Count of Vale de Reis (in Portuguese Conde de Vale de Reis) is a Portuguese title of nobility granted by royal decree of King Philip III of Portugal, dated from August 16, 1628, to Nuno de Mendonça (c.1560-1632).

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Count of Valença

Count of Valença (in Portuguese Conde de Valença) was a Portuguese title of nobility, created by a royal decree, dated from July 20, 1464, by King Afonso V of Portugal, and granted to Dom Henrique de Menezes, who was already 3rd Count of Viana (da Foz do Lima) and 4th Count of Viana (do Alentejo).

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Count of Viana

Count of Viana (in Portuguese Conde de Viana) was a Portuguese title of nobility granted on February 8, 1692, by King Peter II of Portugal to D. José de Menezes (grandson of Pedro de Menezes, 2nd. Count of Cantanhede), the King's master-stableman, who died without issue.

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Count of Viana (da Foz do Lima)

Count of Viana (da Foz do Lima) (in Portuguese Conde de Viana (da Foz do Lima)) was a Portuguese title of nobility granted to Álvaro Pires de Castro, brother of Inês de Castro, granted by King Ferdinand I of Portugal on June 1, 1371.

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Count of Viana do Alentejo

Count of Viana (do Alentejo) was a Portuguese title of nobility granted to D. João Afonso Telo, 4th Count of Barcelos and direct cousin of Queen Leonor Teles, by King Ferdinand I of Portugal pursuant to a royal decree dated 13 March 1373.

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Count of Vidigueira

Count of Vidigueira (in Portuguese Conde da Vidigueira) was a Portuguese comital title of nobility awarded by King Manuel I of Portugal to Dom Vasco da Gama, who discovered the maritime route from Europe to India.

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Count of Vila Franca

The Count of Vila Franca (Conde de Vila Franca) was a title of nobility granted to a hereditary line of nobles from the island of São Miguel in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores, most closely associated with the Gonçalves da Câmara familial line.

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Count of Vila Nova de Portimão

Count of Vila Nova de Portimão (in Portuguese Conde de Vila Nova de Portimão) was a Portuguese title of nobility granted on 28 May 1504, by King Manuel I of Portugal to D. Martinho de Castelo Branco, 2nd Lord of Vila Nova de Portimão.

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Count of Vila Real

Count of Vila Real (in Portuguese Conde de Vila Real) was a Portuguese title of nobility created by a royal decree, in 1424, by King John I of Portugal, and granted to Dom Pedro de Menezes, also known as Peter I of Menezes, 1st Count of Viana (do Alentejo).

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Count of Vimioso

Count of Vimioso (in Portuguese Conde de Vimioso) is a Portuguese title of nobility which have its origins in Alphonse, Bishop of Évora, the natural son of Alphonse, 4th Count of Ourém and 1st Marquis of Valença (eldest son of Alphonse I, Duke of Braganza).

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Count Primo Magri

Count Primo Magri (1849–1920) and Count Rosebud were the stage names of a 19th-century Italian dwarf who married Lavinia Warren, the widow of General Tom Thumb on Easter Monday, April 6, 1885 at the Church of the Holy Trinity in New York City.

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Count Wenzel Chotek of Chotkow and Wognin

Václav Antonín Chotek of Chotkov and Vojnín (Wenzel Anton Chotek von Chotkow und Wognin) (February 26, 1674 – May 2, 1754) was a Bohemian nobleman and royal Stadtholder in the Kingdom of Bohemia.

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Countess Donata of Castell-Rüdenhausen

Countess Donata of Castell-Rüdenhausen (German: Donata Gräfin zu Castell-Rüdenhausen; 20 June 1950 – 5 September 2015) was a German noblewoman.

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Counts and dukes of Linhares

Count of Linhares (in Portuguese Conde de Linhares) was a Portuguese title of nobility created by a royal decree of king John III of Portugal dated from May 13th, 1532, and granted to Dom António de Noronha, 2nd son of Pedro de Menezes, 1st Marquis of Vila Real.

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County of Apulia and Calabria

The County of Apulia and Calabria, later the Duchy of Apulia and Calabria, was a Norman country founded by William of Hauteville in 1042 in the territories of Gargano, Capitanata, Apulia, Campania, and Vulture.

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County of Dannenberg

The County of Dannenberg (Grafschaft Dannenberg) was a fief in the Duchy of Saxony.

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County of Dassel

The County of Dassel (Grafschaft Dassel) emerged shortly after the turn of the 11th and 12th centuries when, after the extinction of the male line of the Billungs, its seat in Suilbergau, north of the Solling hills was divided into the domains of Einbeck and Dassel.

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Courir de Mardi Gras

The Courir de Mardi Gras is a traditional Mardi Gras event held in many Cajun communities of south Louisiana on the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday.

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Court (royal)

A court is an extended royal household in a monarchy, including all those who regularly attend on a monarch, or another central figure.

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Court painter

A court painter was an artist who painted for the members of a royal or noble family, sometimes on a fixed salary and on an exclusive basis where the artist was not supposed to undertake other work.

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Courtesy title

A courtesy title is a title that does not have legal significance but rather is used through custom or courtesy, particularly, in the context of nobility, the titles used by children of members of the nobility (c.f. substantive title).

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Courtesy titles in the United Kingdom

A courtesy title is a form of address in systems of nobility used for children, former wives and other close relatives of a peer, and by certain officials such as some judges.

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Courtier

A courtier is a person who is often in attendance at the court of a monarch or other royal personage.

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Coutts

Coutts and Co. is a private bank and wealth manager, founded in 1692.

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Covering of the Senne

The covering of the Senne (Voûtement de la Senne, Overwelving van de Zenne) was the covering and later diverting of the main river of Brussels, and the construction of public buildings and major boulevards in its place.

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Craven in the Domesday Book

The extent of the medieval district of Craven, in the north of England is a matter of debate.

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Cremation

Cremation is the combustion, vaporization, and oxidation of cadavers to basic chemical compounds, such as gases, ashes and mineral fragments retaining the appearance of dry bone.

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Creutz family

Creutz is a Swedish noble family with the title friherre (roughly equivalent to baron) with its roots in Swedish-governed Finland.

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Creuzburg (surname)

Creuzburg (also Creutzburg, sometimes Kreutzburg; in early namings also: Cruce-/Cruciberg, -berch, -burch, -borg) is a German surname derived from an old noble family of knights in Thuringia, Germany.

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Crimson

Crimson is a strong, red color, inclining to purple.

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Crisis of the Roman Republic

The crisis of the Roman Republic refers to an extended period of political instability and social unrest that culminated in the demise of the Roman Republic and the advent of the Roman Empire, from about 134 BC to 44 BC.

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Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecetzin

Don Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecetzin (or Cecepaticatzin) was a colonial Nahua noble from Santa María Cuepopan in San Juan Tenochtitlan.

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Crnković family

The Crnković family are a Croatian noble family with its roots in the district of Gorski kotar.

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Crnojević noble family

The Crnojević (Црнојевић, Crnojevići / Црнојевићи) was a medieval noble family that held Zeta, or parts of it; a region north of Lake Skadar corresponding to southern Montenegro and northern Albania, from 1326 to 1362, then 1403 until 1515.

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Croatian nobility

Croatian nobility (lit; la noblesse) was a privileged social class in Croatia during the Antiquity and Medieval periods of the country's history.

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Croatian–Slovene Peasant Revolt

The Croatian–Slovene Peasant Revolt (hrvaško-slovenski kmečki upor), Gubec's Rebellion (Gupčeva buna) or Gubec's peasant uprising of 1573 was a large peasant revolt on territory forming modern-day Croatia and Slovenia.

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Crown (headgear)

A crown is a traditional symbolic form of headwear, or hat, worn by a monarch or by a deity, for whom the crown traditionally represents power, legitimacy, victory, triumph, honor, and glory, as well as immortality, righteousness, and resurrection.

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Crown of Aragon

The Crown of Aragon (Corona d'Aragón, Corona d'Aragó, Corona de Aragón),Corona d'AragónCorona AragonumCorona de Aragón) also referred by some modern historians as Catalanoaragonese Crown (Corona catalanoaragonesa) or Catalan-Aragonese Confederation (Confederació catalanoaragonesa) was a composite monarchy, also nowadays referred to as a confederation of individual polities or kingdoms ruled by one king, with a personal and dynastic union of the Kingdom of Aragon and the County of Barcelona. At the height of its power in the 14th and 15th centuries, the Crown of Aragon was a thalassocracy (a state with primarily maritime realms) controlling a large portion of present-day eastern Spain, parts of what is now southern France, and a Mediterranean "empire" which included the Balearic Islands, Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Southern Italy (from 1442) and parts of Greece (until 1388). The component realms of the Crown were not united politically except at the level of the king, who ruled over each autonomous polity according to its own laws, raising funds under each tax structure, dealing separately with each Corts or Cortes. Put in contemporary terms, it has sometimes been considered that the different lands of the Crown of Aragon (mainly the Kingdom of Aragon, the Principality of Catalonia and the Kingdom of Valencia) functioned more as a confederation than as a single kingdom. In this sense, the larger Crown of Aragon must not be confused with one of its constituent parts, the Kingdom of Aragon, from which it takes its name. In 1469, a new dynastic familial union of the Crown of Aragon with the Crown of Castile by the Catholic Monarchs, joining what contemporaries referred to as "the Spains" led to what would become the Kingdom of Spain under King Philip II. The Crown existed until it was abolished by the Nueva Planta decrees issued by King Philip V in 1716 as a consequence of the defeat of Archduke Charles (as Charles III of Aragon) in the War of the Spanish Succession.

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Crown Prince of Greece

The Crown Prince of Greece (Diadochos) is the heir to the throne of modern Greece.

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Croxden Abbey

Croxden Abbey, also known as "Abbey of the Vale of St.

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Ctesiphon

Ctesiphon (Κτησιφῶν; from Parthian or Middle Persian: tyspwn or tysfwn) was an ancient city located on the eastern bank of the Tigris, and about southeast of present-day Baghdad.

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Cudgel War

The Cudgel War (also Club War, Nuijasota, Klubbekriget) was a 1596/97 peasant uprising in the kingdom of Sweden (in the part that is now Finland).

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Cuellar (surname)

Cuellar or Cuéllar is a Spanish surname that was derived from the name of the town Cuéllar in the Segovia province of Spain, with spelling variations that include; Cuéllar, de Cuéllar, Cuellar, de Cuellar, Cuello, de Cuello, Coello de Coello and many more, and were first found in the Kingdom of Castile, an important Christian kingdom of medieval Spain.

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Culture of Laos

Laos developed its culture and customs as the inland crossroads of trade and migration in Southeast Asia over millennia.

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Culture of Tonga

The Tongan archipelago has been inhabited for perhaps 3000 years, since settlement in late Lapita times.

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Cunizza da Romano

Cunizza da Romano (born c. 1198) was an Italian noblewoman, the third daughter of Ezzelino II da Romano and Adelaide di Mangona, and sister to Ezzelino III and Alberico da Romano.

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Curonian Kings

Curonian Kings (Kurische Könige; Kuršu ķoniņi) are a Latvian cultural group, originally lesser vassals and free farmers that lived in seven villages between Goldingen (Kuldīga) and Hasenpoth (Aizpute) in Courland.

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Curt Franz Wenzel Christoph Erdmann Graf Zedtwitz von Moraván und Duppau

Curt Franz Wenzel Christoph Erdmann Graf Zedtwitz von Moraván und Duppau (October 3, 1822 in Asch – November 19, 1909 in Pressburg), Lord of Duppau in the Duppau Mountains with Sachsengrün in the Kingdom of Bohemia, and of Moraván with Duzó, Hubina, Nagy and Kis-Modó in the Kingdom of Hungary, was an Austrian-Hungarian-Bohemian military and nobleman from the house of Zedtwitz, son of Sigmund Erdmann Wilhelm Friedrich Graf von Zedtwitz (Asch, August 15, 1778 – Asch, July 7, 1847) and second wife (m. Schwarzbach, Thuringia, July 26, 1820) Emilie Friederike von Einsiedel (Wolftitz, July 2, 1798 – Duppau, Duppau Mountains, July 12, 1865).

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Cyriacus

Cyriacus (fl. 303 AD), sometimes Anglicized as Cyriac, according to Christian tradition, is a Christian martyr who was killed in the persecution of Diocletian.

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Czech nobility

Czech nobility consists of the noble families of the Czech lands that include Bohemian nobility, Moravian nobility and Silesian nobility.

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Czech Republic–Denmark relations

Czech Republic–Denmark relations are the current and historical relations between Czech Republic and Denmark.

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D'Agostino

D'Agostino is a noble Italian surname.

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D'Estaing family

The d'Estaing family was one of the most notable noble families of the Rouergue and Auvergne regions of France.

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D'Udekem

The family D'Udekem belongs to the nobility of Belgium since 1816.

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D. D. Morduhai-Boltovskoi

Dmitry Dmitrievich Morduhai-Boltovskoi (Дми́трий Дми́триевич Мордуха́й-Болтовско́й; Pavlovsk, August 9, 1876 – Rostov-on-Don, February 7, 1952) was a Russian mathematician, best known for his work in analysis, differential Galois theory, number theory, hyperbolic geometry, and history of mathematics.

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Dacke War

The Dacke War (Dackefejden) was a peasant uprising led by Nils Dacke in Småland, Sweden, in 1542 against the rule of Gustav Vasa.

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Dafydd ap Gwilym

Dafydd ap Gwilym (c. 1315/1320 – c. 1350/1370) is regarded as one of the leading Welsh poets and amongst the great poets of Europe in the Middle Ages.

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Dalem Bekung

Dalem Bekung, also known as Pamayun, was a king of Bali who is traditionally dated in the second half of the 16th century.

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Dalmas I of Semur

Dalmas I of Semur (French: Dalmace Ier de Semur) was a Burgundian nobleman in medieval France.

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Dalseong Bin clan

Dalseong Bin clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Dalseong Ha clan

Dalseong Ha clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Damat

Damat (damat, from داماد (dâmâd) "bridegroom") was an official Ottoman title describing men that entered the imperial House of Osman by means of marriage, literally becoming the bridegroom to the Ottoman sultan and the dynasty.

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Damião de Góis

Damião de Góis (February 2, 1502January 30, 1574), born in Alenquer, Portugal, was an important Portuguese humanist philosopher.

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Damsel in distress

The damsel-in-distress, persecuted maiden, or princess in jeopardy is a classic theme in world literature, art, film and video games.

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Damyang Guk clan

Damyang Guk clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Dangereuse de l'Isle Bouchard

Dangereuse de l'Isle Bouchard (Poitevin: Dangerosa; 1079-1151) was the daughter of Bartholomew of l'Île-Bouchard.

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Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe (13 September 1660 - 24 April 1731), born Daniel Foe, was an English trader, writer, journalist, pamphleteer and spy.

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Daniel Hopfer

Daniel Hopfer (circa 1470 in Kaufbeuren – 1536 in Augsburg) was a German artist who is widely believed to have been the first to use etching in printmaking, at the end of the fifteenth century.

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Danish nobility

Danish nobility is a social class and a former estate in the Kingdom of Denmark.

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Dano-Swedish War (1658–60)

The Dano-Swedish War of 1658–60 (Anden Karl Gustav-krig, Karl X Gustavs andra danska krig, Zweeds-Nederlandse Oorlog) was a war between Denmark–Norway and Sweden.

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Danyang Pi clan

Danyang Pi clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Danyang U clan

Danyang U clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Dark Prince: The True Story of Dracula

Dark Prince: The True Story of Dracula (alternately titled Dracula: The Dark Prince and Dark Prince: Legend of Dracula) is a horror-war television film, which premiered in the United States on the USA Network on Halloween, October 31, 2000.

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Darkon Wargaming Club

The Darkon Wargaming Club is a non-profit battle gaming and live-action role-playing (LARP) club in the United States based in the Baltimore/Washington/Virginia area.

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Darod

The Darod (Daarood, دارود) is a Somali clan.

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Daruvar

Daruvar (Daruvar, Daruwar, Daruvár, Aqua Balissae) is a spa town and municipality in Slavonia, northeastern Croatia, with a population of 8,567, as of 2011.

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Darya Petrovna Saltykova

Countess Darya Petrovna Saltykova, née Countess Chernysheva (20 September 1739 – December 23, 1802), was a Russian lady in waiting, socialite and noble and Dame of the Order of St. Catherine's first degree.

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Datu

Datu is a title which denotes the rulers (variously described in historical accounts as chiefs, sovereign princes, and monarchsFor more information about the social system of the Indigenous Philippine society before the Spanish colonization see Barangay in Enciclopedia Universal Ilustrada Europea-Americana, Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, S. A., 1991, Vol. VII, p.624: Los nobles de un barangay eran los más ricos ó los más fuertes, formándose por este sistema los dattos ó maguinoos, principes á quienes heredaban los hijos mayores, las hijas á falta de éstos, ó los parientes más próximos si no tenían descendencia directa; pero siempre teniendo en cuenta las condiciones de fuerza ó de dinero.) of numerous indigenous peoples throughout the Philippine archipelago.

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David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl

David Klöcker Ehrenstråhle (23 September 1628 – 23 October 1698) was a Swedish nobleman and portrait painter.

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David Lindsay, 1st Lord Balcarres

David Lindsay, 1st Lord Lindsay of Balcarres (baptised 17 March 1587 – died March 1642) was a Scottish nobleman.

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David Teniers the Younger

David Teniers the Younger or David Teniers II (15 December 1610 – 25 April 1690) was a Flemish painter, printmaker, draughtsman, miniaturist painter, staffage painter, copyist and art curator.

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Davidiad

The Davidiad (also known as the Davidias) is the name of a neo-Latin heroic epic poem by the Croatian national poet and Renaissance humanist Marko Marulić (whose name is sometimes Latinized as "Marcus Marulus").

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Dán Díreach

Dán Díreach (Irish for "direct verse") is a style of poetry developed in Ireland from the 12th century until the destruction of Gaelic society in the mid 17th century.

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Dérogeance

Dérogeance ("derogation (of nobility)") was grievance for persons who did acts deemed unworthy of the noble status.

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Désirée Clary

Eugénie Bernardine Désirée Clary (8 November 1777 – 17 December 1860), in Swedish officially Eugenia Bernhardina Desideria, was Queen of Sweden and Norway as the consort of King Charles XIV John (a former French General and founder of the House of Bernadotte), mother of Oscar I, and one-time fiancée of Napoleon Bonaparte.

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Düsseldorf-Gerresheim

Gerresheim is one of the City of Düsseldorf, Germany's fifty boroughs.

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Džbánov (Ústí nad Orlicí District)

Džbánov is a small village in the Pardubice Region in the northeast of Bohemia, Czech Republic.

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De Geer

De Geer (also: De Geer van Jutphaas and De Geer van Oudegein) is a family of Walloon origin that belongs to the Swedish and Dutch nobility.

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De la Roche family

The De la Roche family was a French noble family named for La Roche-sur-l'Ognon that founded the Duchy of Athens of the early 13th century.

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De la Vega

De la Vega is a surname in the Spanish language, most of its bearers belonging to the nobility.

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De Vere Theobalds Estate

Theobalds House (also known as Theobalds Palace), located in Cedars Park in the parish Cheshunt in the English county of Hertfordshire, was a significant stately home and (later) royal palace of the 16th and early 17th centuries, before being demolished as a result of the English Civil War.

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De Vos van Steenwijk

De Vos van Steenwijk is an old Dutch noble family from the Dutch province of Overijssel.

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December 3

No description.

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Decimus et Ultimus Barziza

Decimus et Ultimus Barziza (also known as D.U. Barziza,, published April 18, 1876 (via Google Books) Decimus Barziza,, at the Legislative Reference Library of Texas; retrieved January 1, 2016 and Des Barziza, at the Daily Press; by Parke Rouse; published May 9, 1993; retrieved January 1, 2016) (September 4, 1838 in Williamsburg, Virginia – January 30, 1882 in Houston, Texas) was an American businessman, lawyer, and politician, who served two terms in the Texas Legislature.

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Declaration of Arbroath

The Declaration of Arbroath is a declaration of Scottish independence, made in 1320.

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Defensive towers of Cantabria

In Cantabria there are a big number of fortified towers that fulfilled functions of housing and defense, and at the time were "very many".

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Della Rovere

The Della Rovere family (literally "of the oak tree") was a noble family of Italy.

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Delle Piane family

The Delle Piane is a very ancient and noble Italian family with a long tradition of military and civil service.

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Demidov

The Demidov family (Деми́довы) also Demidoff, was a prominent Russian noble family during the 18th and 19th centuries.

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Demographic history of Bosnia and Herzegovina

This article is about the Demographic history of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and deals with the country's documented demographics over time.

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Demographic history of Poland

The Poles come from different West Slavic tribes living on territories belonging later to Poland in the early Middle Ages (see: Prehistory of Poland).

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Demographic history of the Vilnius region

The city of Vilnius, now the capital of Lithuania, and its surrounding region have at various times come under Polish-Lithuanian, Russian, Polish, German, and Soviet rule.

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Dempsey and Makepeace

Dempsey and Makepeace (1985–86) is a British television crime drama made by LWT for ITV, created and produced by Ranald Graham.

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Deoksan Hwang clan

Deoksan Hwang clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Deoksu Jang clan

Deoksu Jang clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Der arme Heinrich

Der arme Heinrich (Poor Heinrich) is a Middle High German narrative poem by Hartmann von Aue.

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Derugin family

The Derugin family (Дерюгины, von Derjugin, Deryugin) is a Russian noble family descending from the boyars.

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Desfours

Desfours is a noble family of French descent that originated in the Lorraine but became prominent in Bohemia during the 16th century.

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Desmond FitzGerald, 28th Knight of Glin

Desmond Wyndham Otho FitzGerald, 28th Knight of Glin (20 January 1901 – 2 April 1949) was an Anglo-Irish nobleman, an hereditary knight as recognised by the Irish government and socialite.

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Devdi

Devdi is a noble mansion where the Nawabs of Hyderabad lived.

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Devon heraldry

The landed gentry and nobility of Devonshire, like the rest of the English and European gentry, bore heraldic arms from the start of the age of heraldry circa 1200-1215.

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Dewa Shigetō

Baron was a Japanese admiral in the early days of the Imperial Japanese Navy.

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Dezső Pattantyús-Ábrahám

Dezső Pattantyús-Ábrahám de Dancka (10 July 1875 – 25 July 1973) was a conservative Hungarian politician who served as Prime Minister and temporary Minister of Finance of the second counter-revolutionary government in Szeged for one month in 1919.

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Dictator

A dictator is a political leader who possesses absolute power.

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Didrik Pining

Didrik Pining (1430 – 1491) was a German privateer, nobleman and governor of Iceland and Vardøhus.

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Diego López de Haro y Sotomayor

Diego López de Haro y Sotomayor or Diego de Haro y Portocarrero (died 1582) was a Spanish noble holding the titles of Señor Lubrín y Sorbas, Almería and 10th Señor del Carpio, a title which was elevated to 1st Marques del Carpio in 1559 by Philip II of Spain.

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Diego López IV de Haro

Diego López IV de Haro (died 1289) was a Spanish noble and the Lord of Biscay from 1288 to his death in 1289.

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Diego López V de Haro

Diego López V de Haro, nicknamed el Intruso (c. 1250 – 1310), was a Spanish noble of the House of Haro and held the title of the Lord of Biscay which he took from the pretender to the title, John of Castile.

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Diego Luis de San Vitores

Blessed Diego Luis de San Vitores (November 12, 1627 – April 2, 1672) was a Spanish Jesuit missionary who founded the first Catholic church on the island of Guam.

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Diego Ortiz de Zúñiga

Diego Ortiz de Zúñiga (Seville, 1636 - September 3, 1680) was a Spanish historian, writer and nobleman.

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Diet of Finland

The Diet of Finland (Finnish Suomen maapäivät, later valtiopäivät; Swedish Finlands Lantdagar), was the legislative assembly of the Grand Duchy of Finland from 1809 to 1906 and the recipient of the powers of the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates.

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Diet of Porvoo

The Diet of Porvoo (Finnish Porvoon maapäivät, or unhistorically Porvoon valtiopäivät; Swedish Borgå landtdag), was the summoned legislative assembly to establish the Grand Principality of Finland in 1809 and the heir of the powers of the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates.

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Dimitri Alexandrovich Obolensky

Prince Dimitri Alexandrovich Obolensky (19 March (old style) 1882 – 27 April 1964) was a Russian nobleman, landowner and marshal of the nobility who after the October Revolution and the Russian Civil War became a night watchman and a taxi driver in Paris.

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Dimitri Jorjadze

Prince Dimitri Jorjadze (დიმიტრი ჯორჯაძე) (26 October 1898 – 26 October 1985) was a Georgian nobleman, Ambassador Hotel executive and race car driver.

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Dining room

A dining room is a room for consuming food.

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Dionysius I of Constantinople

Dionysius I (Διονύσιος Α΄), (? – 1492) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople two times, from 1466 to 1471 and from 1488 to 1490.

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Diplomatic uniform

Diplomatic uniforms are ornate uniforms worn by diplomats—ambassadorial and consular officers—at public occasions.

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Dirk Coetsee

Dirk Coetsee (1655 – 1725) was the Hoofdheemraad (Chancellor) of the District of Stellenbosch and Drakenstein in South Africa for most of the 1690s and early 1700s.

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Diszel

Diszel (Tapolica Diszel) is an outer suburb of Tapolca in Veszprém county, Hungary.

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Divorce

Divorce, also known as dissolution of marriage, is the termination of a marriage or marital union, the canceling or reorganizing of the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage, thus dissolving the bonds of matrimony between a married couple under the rule of law of the particular country or state.

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Djilas (Senegal)

Djilas (also spelled Djilass or Djilasse) is a village in Senegal located in the Sine-Saloum, in the west.

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Dmitry Karakozov

Dmitry Vladimirovich Karakozov (Дми́трий Влади́мирович Карако́зов in Russian) (October 23 Old Style (November 4 New Style), 1840 – September 3 Old Style (September 15 New Style), 1866) was the first Russian revolutionary to make an attempt on the life of a tsar.

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Dmitry of Uglich

Tsarevich Dmitry or Dmitri Ivanovich (Dmitrii Ivanovich; 19 October 1582 – 15 May 1591), also known as Dmitry of Uglich (Дмитрий Угличский, Uglichskii) or Dmitry of Moscow (Дмитрий Московский, Moskovskii), was a Russian tsarevich famously impersonated by a series of pretenders after the death of his father Ivan the Terrible.

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Dmitry Tolstoy

Count Dmitry Andreyevich Tolstoy (Дми́трий Андре́евич Толсто́й;, Moscow –, Saint Petersburg) was a Russian statesman, a member of the State Council of Imperial Russia (1866).

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Doña Juana (film)

Doña Juana is a 1927 German silent comedy drama film directed by Paul Czinner and starring Elisabeth Bergner, Walter Rilla and Hertha von Walther.

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Dobrá Voda castle

Dobrá Voda Castle (jókői vár) is a ruined castle in the municipality of Dobrá Voda in the Trnava region of Slovakia.

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Doctor Octopus

Doctor Octopus (Otto Octavius) is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.

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Doge of Venice

The Doge of Venice (Doxe de Venexia; Doge di Venezia; all derived from Latin dūx, "military leader"), sometimes translated as Duke (compare the Italian Duca), was the chief magistrate and leader of the Most Serene Republic of Venice for 1,100 years (697–1797).

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Domenico Serafini

Domenico Serafini, OSB (August 3, 1852 – March 5, 1918) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served in various pastoral, diplomatic, and curial posts, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1914.

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Domingo Dulce, 1st Marquis of Castell-Florite

Domingo Dulce y Garay, 1st Marquis of Castell-Florite (Sotés (La Rioja), Spain, 7 May 1808 - Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda, France, 23 November 1869), was a Spanish noble and general, who fought in the First Carlist War and who served two times as Captain General of Cuba.

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Dominium directum et utile

Dominium directum et utile is a Latin legal term referring to the "complete and absolute dominion "; i.e. the union of the title and the exclusive use.

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Dominium mundi

Dominium mundi is an idea of universal dominion developed in the Middle Ages.

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Dominus (title)

Dominus is the Latin word for master or owner.

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Domitila de Castro, Marchioness of Santos

Domitila (or Domitília) de Castro Canto e Melo (December 27, 1797 — November 3, 1867), 1st Viscountess with designation as a Grandee, then 1st Marchioness of Santos, was a Brazilian noblewoman and the long-term mistress and favorite of Emperor Pedro I.

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Don (honorific)

Don (Dom, from Latin dominus, roughly 'Lord'), abbreviated as D., is an honorific title used in Spain, Portugal, Italy, Iberoamerica, and the Philippines.

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Don Quixote

The Ingenious Nobleman Sir Quixote of La Mancha (El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha), or just Don Quixote (Oxford English Dictionary, ""), is a Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes.

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Donald Campbell (abbot)

Donald Campbell (Dòmhnall Caimbeul) (died 1562) was a 16th-century Scottish noble and churchman.

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Donas de fuera

In the historical folklore of Sicily, Donas de fuera (Spanish for "Ladies from the Outside"; Sicily was under Spanish rule at the time) were supernatural female beings comparable to the fairies of English folklore.

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Dongbog O clan

Dongbog O clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Dongmun Hwangmok

Hwangmok clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Dorothea Krag

Dorothea Krag (27 September 1675–10 October 1754) was a Danish Postmaster General and noble.

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Dorothea Lieven

Princess Dorothea von Lieven (Дарья Христофоровна Ливен, Daria Khristoforovna Liven), née Benckendorff (17 December 1785 – 27 January 1857) was a Baltic German noblewoman and wife of Prince Khristofor Andreyevich Lieven, Russian ambassador to London, 1812 to 1834.

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Dorothea von Schlegel

Dorothea von Schlegel (October 24, 1764 – August 3, 1839) was a German novelist and translator.

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Douglas Academy

Douglas Academy is a non-denominational, co-educational, comprehensive secondary school in the town of Milngavie, East Dunbartonshire, serving the Milngavie, Craigton and Baldernock areas.

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Down with the King (game)

Down With the King is a political card game for 2-6 players produced by Avalon Hill in 1981.

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Dracula (1931 English-language film)

Dracula is a 1931 American pre-Code vampire-horror film directed by Tod Browning and starring Bela Lugosi as Count Dracula.

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Dracula (Marvel Comics)

Dracula is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.

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Dragon (disambiguation)

A dragon is a snake-like legendary creature, that appears in the folklore of many cultures around the world.

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Dragons: Fire and Ice

Dragons: Fire & Ice is a 2004 computer-animated CGI adventure film and the first of a two-part series based on the Mega Bloks toyline.

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Drevlians

The Drevlians (Drevliany) were a tribe of Early East Slavs between the 6th and the 10th century, which inhabited the territories of Polesia and Right-bank Ukraine, west of the eastern Polans and along the lower reaches of the rivers Teteriv, Uzh, Ubort, and Stviga.

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Droste zu Vischering

Droste zu Vischering is the name of an important Westphalian noble family.

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Du Pont family

The Du Pont family is an American family descended from Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours (1739–1817).

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Dubrovsky (novel)

Dubrovsky («Дубровский») is an unfinished novel by Alexander Pushkin, written in 1832 and published after Pushkin’s death in 1841.

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Duchy of Braganza

The Duchy of Braganza (Portuguese: Ducado de Bragança) has been the fief of an important Portuguese noble family: the House of Braganza, and is one of the most important Dukedoms of Portugal.

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Duel

A duel is an arranged engagement in combat between two people, with matched weapons, in accordance with agreed-upon rules.

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Duke

A duke (male) or duchess (female) can either be a monarch ruling over a duchy or a member of royalty or nobility, historically of highest rank below the monarch.

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Duke of Aveiro

The Dukedom of Aveiro was an aristocratic Portuguese title, granted in 1535 by King John III of Portugal to his 4th cousin, John of Lencastre, son of Infante George of Lencastre, a natural son of King John II of Portugal.

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Duke of Ávila and Bolama

This was a Portuguese Nobility title granted by King Luís I of Portugal to António José de Ávila, 1st Duke of Ávila and Bolama, a remarkable Portuguese politician and ambassador during the liberal period.

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Duke of Barcelos

The Dukes of Barcelos was a title of nobility granted by King Sebastian of Portugal on 5 August 1562 to the heir of the Duke of Braganza.

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Duke of Berry

The title of Duke of Berry (Duc de Berry) or Duchess of Berry (Duchesse de Berry) in the French nobility was frequently created for junior members of the French royal family.

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Duke of Carcaci

The Duke of Carcaci (Duca di Cárcaci) (pron: "Car-catch-ee") is the head of one branch of the Paternò Castello family, an ancient Sicilian noble family.

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Duke of Cardona

Duque de Cardona ("Duke of Cardona") was a noble title given in the 15th century to members of the Spanish-Catalan family known as Folch de Cardona.

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Duke of Castel Duino

The Dukes of Castel Duino are a noble family in Italy descending from the Bohemian line of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis.

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Duke of Enghien

The title of Duke of Enghien (or Duke d'Enghien, or Duc d'Enghien, pronounced with a silent i) may, like many noble titles, refer to any of several historical figures.

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Duke of Faial

Duke of Faial (in Portuguese Duque do Faial) is a Portuguese title of nobility granted by royal decree of Queen Maria II of Portugal, dated from April 4, 1833, to Dom Pedro de Sousa Holstein (1781–1850), a Portuguese politician during the first half of the 19th century.

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Duke of Fernán Núñez

Duke of Fernán Núñez is a hereditary title of nobility in the Peerage of Spain.

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Duke of Ficalho

Duke of Ficalho (in Portuguese Duque de Ficalho) was a Portuguese title of nobility, granted by a decree issued by Queen Maria II of Portugal on May 14, 1836, to Eugénia de Almeida Portugal, 2nd Countess of Ficalho by marriage.

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Duke of Finland

Duke of Finland (in Finnish Suomen herttua; Swedish hertig av Finland) was an occasional medieval title granted as a tertiogeniture to the relatives of the King of Sweden between the 13th and 16th centuries.

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Duke of Guimarães

Duke of Guimarães was an Nobility title granted by King Afonso V of Portugal in 1475, to Ferdinand II, 3rd Duke of Braganza.

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Duke of Lafões

Duke of Lafões (in Portuguese Duque de Lafões) was a Portuguese title of nobility created under the decree of February 17, 1718, of King John V of Portugal and granted to his nephew, ''Dom'' Pedro Henrique de Bragança, son of the Infante Miguel de Bragança, an illegitimate son of King Peter II of Portugal and Anne Armande Pastre de Verger, though Pedro's mother, Luisa Casimira de Sousa Nassau e Ligne was the first to use this title.The title was later passed on to his brother, João Carlos de Bragança e Ligne de Sousa Tavares Mascarenhas da Silva, the most famous Duke of this title.

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Duke of Miranda do Corvo

The Dukes of Miranda do Corvo (in Portuguese Duque de Miranda do Corvo) was a Portuguese title of nobility granted by Queen Maria I of Portugal, by a royal decree dated from May 13, 1796, to ''Dom'' José João Miguel de Bragança e Ligne, 1st Duke of Miranda do Corvo, who died in 1801, before his father, João Carlos de Bragança e Ligne de Sousa Tavares Mascarenhas da Silva, 2nd Duke of Lafões.

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Duke of Otranto

Duke of Otranto (Duc d'Otrante) is a hereditary title in the nobility of the First French Empire which was bestowed in 1809 by Emperor Napoleon I upon Joseph Fouché (1759-1820), a French statesman and Minister of Police.

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Duke of Santa Cruz

Duke of Santa Cruz was a title of nobility of the Empire of Brazil created by Emperor Pedro I of Brazil, dated from 5 November 1829, for his brother-in-law, Prince Auguste de Beauharnais, brother of Pedro's second wife Empress Amélie.

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Duke of Tancos

Duke of Tancos (in Portuguese Duque de Tancos) was a Portuguese title of nobility, granted by a royal decree issued by Queen Maria I of Portugal on April 22, 1790, to Constança Manoel, 2nd Marchioness of Tancos and 7th Countess of Atalaia.

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Duke of Torres Novas

The Dukes of Torres Novas (in Portuguese Duque de Torres Novas) was an aristocratic Portuguese title granted by King Philip II of Portugal, also known as Philip III of Spain, by a royal decree of September 26, 1619, to George of Lencastre, 1st Duke of Torres Novas, who died before his parents, Juliana and Álvaro of Lencastre of Lencastre, 3rd Dukes of Aveiro.

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Duke of Vila Real

Duke of Vila Real (in Portuguese Duque de Vila Real) was a Portuguese title of nobility created by royal decree, dated from February 28, 1585, by King Philip I of Portugal (also known as Philip II of Spain), and granted to Dom Manuel de Menezes, 5th Marquis of Vila Real and 7th Count of Vila Real.

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Duke of Villahermosa

The Duke of Villahermosa (in Spanish: Duque de Villahermosa) is a noble and Grandee of Spain.

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Duke of York

The Duke of York is a title of nobility in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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Duke of York and Albany

Duke of York and Albany was a title of nobility in the Peerage of Great Britain.

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Dukedom of Alcalá de los Gazules

The Dukedom of Alcalá de los Gazules (Ducado de Alcalá de los Gazules) is a Spanish title of nobility established by order of King Philip II of Spain in 1558 and granted to Per Afán de Ribera y Portocarrero of the House of Ribera in recognition for services rendered to the crown.

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Dunama Dabbalemi

Dunama Dabbalemi, of the Sayfawa dynasty, was the mai (king) of the Kanem Empire, in present-day Chad, from 1203 to 1243.

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Dureung Du clan

The Dureung Du clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Dutch name

Dutch names consist of one or more given names and a surname.

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Dutch nobility

The Dutch nobility are a legally recognised group of people who belong to a historically privileged social stratum.

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Dutch Renaissance and Golden Age literature

Dutch Renaissance and Golden Age literature is the literature written in the Dutch language in the Low Countries from around 1550 to around 1700.

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Dyula people

The Dyula (Dioula or Juula) are a Mande ethnic group inhabiting several West African countries, including the Mali, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana,and Burkina Faso.

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Dyveke Sigbritsdatter

Dyveke Sigbritsdatter or Dyveke Willomsdatter, (1490 – 21 September 1517), in Denmark normally known as "Dyveke"; in modern Dutch "duifje" means "little dove"), was known as the mistress to Christian II of Denmark. Dyveke was a "commoner", the daughter of the Dutch merchant Sigbrit Willoms, who lived in Bergen in Norway. Dyveke became the mistress to Christian II of Denmark in 1507 or 1509. They met in Bergen, and Christian took Dyveke with him to Oslo, where he was regent, and to Copenhagen, when he became king in 1513. Their relationship has been the inspiration of many poets but in fact little is known about it. The mother of Dyveke, Sigbrit, acted as an advisor to the king, which was much disliked, especially by the nobility, and every effort was therefore made to separate Dyveke and Christian, which would ensure the departure also of Sigbrit from the court. Whether Dyveke herself had any political influence is unknown. Though Christian married Isabella of Austria and had her crowned in 1515, he refused to end his relationship with Dyveke. This created tension between him and his brother-in-law, the future Emperor Charles V. In 1516, the Emperor demanded that Dyveke and her mother would be sent away, but Christian refused. Dyveke died in the summer of 1517, possibly because of a poisoning. She was suspected to have been poisoned by cherries. This death led to the execution of the nobleman Torben Oxe, but his guilt has never been proven and both an initiative by the court of the Emperor Maximilian I or even an accidental poisoning have been suggested as an explanation. Her mother Sigbrit went on to become Christian II's financial advisor. Nothing is recorded for Sigbrit after 1523, one assumption has her imprisoned for witchcraft, dying in 1532.

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Earl

An earl is a member of the nobility.

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Earl of Newburgh

The title Earl of Newburgh (pronounced "New-bruh") was created in the Peerage of Scotland in 1660 for James Livingston, 1st Viscount of Newburgh, along with the subsidiary titles Viscount of Kynnaird and Lord Levingston.

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Earl of Shrewsbury

Earl of Shrewsbury is a hereditary title of nobility created twice in the Peerage of England.

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Earl of Winchester

Earl of Winchester was a title that was created three times in the Peerage of England during the Middle Ages.

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Earlene

Earlene is a given name, the feminine equivalent of the name Earl.

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Early life of José de San Martín

José de San Martín was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South America's successful struggle for independence from Spain.

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Early modern France

The Kingdom of France in the early modern period, from the Renaissance (circa 1500–1550) to the Revolution (1789–1804), was a monarchy ruled by the House of Bourbon (a Capetian cadet branch).

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Early modern period

The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.

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East Asian religions

In the study of comparative religion, the East Asian religions form a subset of the Eastern religions.

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Eastern religions

The Eastern religions are the religions originating in East, South and Southeast Asia and thus having dissimilarities with Western religions.

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Eastern Slavic naming customs

Eastern Slavic naming customs are the traditional ways of identifying a person by name in countries influenced by East Slavic languages (Russian, Ukrainian and Belorussian: in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine. They are also used in some countries using South Slavic languages, including Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Macedonia, as well as some countries using non-Slavic languages (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan) because of the expansion of Russia, with its Russification. The full name uses the following standard structure.

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Ebba Eriksdotter Vasa

Ebba Eriksdotter Vasa (circa 1491 – 21 November 1549) was a Swedish noblewoman.

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Ebba Sparre

Ebba Larsdotter Sparre (1629 – 19 March 1662) was a Swedish lady-in-waiting and noble.

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Ebba Stenbock

Ebba Gustavsdotter Stenbock (died 1614, in Finland) was a Swedish noble.

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Economic history of Portugal

The economic history of Portugal covers the development of the economy throughout the course of Portuguese history.

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Economic history of Venice

Venice, which is situated at the far end of the Adriatic Sea, gained large scale profit of the adjacent middle European markets.

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Economy

An economy (from Greek οίκος – "household" and νέμoμαι – "manage") is an area of the production, distribution, or trade, and consumption of goods and services by different agents.

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Edelfrei

The term edelfrei or hochfrei ("free noble" or "free knight") was originally used to designate and distinguish those Germanic noblemen from the Second Estate (see Estates of the realm social hierarchy), who were legally entitled to atonement reparation of three times their "Weregild" (Wergeld) value from a guilty person or party.

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Edenberg family

Edenberg was once the surname of a Swedish noble family formerly known as Eden and now the surname of Swedish commoners.

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Edict of Restitution

The Edict of Restitution, passed eleven years into the Thirty Years' War on March 6, 1629 following Catholic successes at arms, was a belated attempt by Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor to restore the religious and territorial situations reached in the Peace of Augsburg (1555), whose "Ecclesiastical Reservation" had impeded the secularization of Catholic church lands after 1555, so no further Catholic church lands could be converted to Protestant control.

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Edler

Edler was until 1919 the lowest rank of nobility in Austria-Hungary and Germany, just beneath a Ritter (hereditary knight), but above untitled nobles, who used only the nobiliary particle von before their surname.

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Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel

Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel (1 May 1285 – 17 November 1326) was an English nobleman prominent in the conflict between Edward II and his barons.

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Edmund Gutmann

Baron Edmund Gutmann von Gelse und Belišće (March 3, 1841 – January 17, 1918) was Croatian nobleman, industrialist and together with his family (father and brothers) founder of the settlement which became Belišće, Croatia.

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Edmund Sheffield, 1st Baron Sheffield

Edmund Sheffield, 1st Baron Sheffield, of Butterwick (22 November 1521 – 19 July 1549) was an English nobleman, the son of Sir Robert Sheffield (died 15 November 1531, son of Robert Sheffield and Helen Delves) and his second wife Jane Stanley, daughter of George Stanley, 9th Baron Strange and Joan le Strange, 9th Baroness Strange.

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Edmund Vivian Gabriel

Sir Edmund Vivian Gabriel, CSI, CMG, CVO, CBE, VD, FSA was a British civil servant, army officer, courtier and art collector.

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Edward Coke, 7th Earl of Leicester

Edward Douglas Coke, 7th Earl of Leicester, CBE, DL (6 May 1936 – 25 April 2015), styled Viscount Coke between 1976 and 1994, was an English nobleman.

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Edward Courtenay, 1st Earl of Devon (1485 creation)

Edward Courtenay, 1st Earl of Devon, KG (died 1509) was an English nobleman.

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Edward Jessup

Edward Jessup (December 24, 1735 – February 3, 1816), together with his brother Ebenezer Jessup (July 1739–1818), was a large landowner in present-day New York State before the American Revolution, and later a soldier and political figure in Upper Canada, now the present-day Canadian province of Ontario, Canada.

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Edward Littleton (died 1558)

Edward Littleton or Edwarde Lyttelton (by 1489–1558) was a Staffordshire landowner from the extended Littleton/Lyttelton family.

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Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York

Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York, KG (– 25 October 1415) was an English nobleman and magnate, the eldest son of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, by his first wife Isabella of Castile, and a grandson of King Edward III of England.

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Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby

Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby KG (c. 10 May 1509 – 24 October 1572) was an English nobleman and politician.

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Edwardes family

The Edwardes family is an English noble family that held the title of Baron Kensington in the Peerage of Ireland and holds the title of Baron Kensington in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

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Egba Alake

Egba Alake is one of the five sections of Egbaland, the others being Oke-Ona, Gbagura, the Owu and Ibara (historically, Ibara is part of Yewa, not Egba, although it is located in the present day Abeokuta geographically).

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Egwin of Evesham

Egwin of Evesham (died 30 December 717) was a Benedictine monk and, later, the third Bishop of Worcester in England.

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Ehrnrooth

Ehrnrooth is a Finnish noble family.

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El Quisco

El Quisco is a Chilean city and commune in San Antonio Province, Valparaíso Region.

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Elénor-François-Elie, Comte de Moustier

Elénor-François-Élie, marquis de Moustier (15 March 1751, Paris - 1 February 1817, Versailles) was a French nobleman, army officer, and diplomat.

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Elbeg Nigülesügchi Khan

Elbeg Nigülesügchi Khan (Элбэг нигүүлсэгч хаан, 1361–1399) was a Mongol Khan of the Northern Yuan dynasty based in Mongolia.

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Elder (administrative title)

The term Elder or its equivalent in another language, is used in several different countries and organizations to indicate a position of authority.

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Elec Ní hUicinn

Elec Ní hUicinn, was an Irish noblewoman, murdered 1471.

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Election of Christian III

The election of Christian III as king of Denmark and Norway on 4 July 1534 was a landmark event for all of Denmark and Norway.

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Elections in Poland

Elections in Poland to the election process, as well as the election results in Poland.

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Elefánthy family

The House of Elefánthy (also spelled Elefánty or Elefánti) were one of the oldest noble families in the Kingdom of Hungary.

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Elena Cuza

Elena Cuza (17 June 1825 – 2 April 1909), also known under her semi-official title Elena Doamna, was a Moldavian, later Romanian noblewoman and philanthropist.

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Elena de Galantha

Elena de Galantha (24 November 1890 – 5 January 1986) was a Austro-Hungarian histologist.

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Eletu Odibo

The Eletu Odibo of Lagos is the traditional nobleman that has historically served as the principal kingmaker of the Oba of Lagos.

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Elimiotis

Elimiotis or Elimeia (Ἐλιμιώτις or Ἐλιμία or Ἐλίμεια) was a region of Upper Macedonia that was located along the Haliacmon river.

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Elin Gustavsdotter

Elin Gustavsdotter Sture, (15th century – 1495), was a Swedish noblewoman, consort of the regent Erik Axelsson (Tott).

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Eliot family (South England)

The Eliot family is a British aristocratic family whose members include earls, barons, counts, knights, governors, peers, and Members of Parliament.

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Elisa Bonaparte

Maria Anna (Marie Anne) Elisa Bonaparte Baciocchi Levoy (3 January 1777 – 7 August 1820), Princesse Française, was an Italian ruler, Princess of Lucca and Piombino (1805-1814), Princess of Lucca (1805-1814), Grand Duchess of Tuscany (1809-1814) and Countess of Compignano by appointment of her brother Napoleon Bonaparte.

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Elisabeth, daughter of Ottokar II

Elisabeth (b. before 1260; d. after 1281) was a natural daughter of Bohemian king Ottokar II with his mistress Agnes of Kuenring.

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Elisabetta Casellati

Maria Elisabetta Alberti, married Casellati (Rovigo, 12 August 1946) is an Italian politician and current President of the Italian Senate, she is the first woman to have ever held this office.

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Elitism

Elitism is the belief or attitude that individuals who form an elite — a select group of people with a certain ancestry, intrinsic quality, high intellect, wealth, special skills, or experience — are more likely to be constructive to society as a whole, and therefore deserve influence or authority greater than that of others.

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Eliza Maria Gordon-Cumming

Lady Eliza Maria Gordon-Cumming (1795- 21 April 1842) was a Scottish aristocrat, horticulturalist, palaeontologist and scientific illustrator.

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Elizabeth Conyngham, Marchioness Conyngham

Elizabeth Conyngham (née Denison), Marchioness Conyngham (31 July 1769 – 11 October 1861), was an English courtier and noblewoman.

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Elizabeth de Burghersh, 3rd Baroness Burghersh

Elizabeth Despencer, 3rd Baroness Burghersh (c. 1342 – August 1402) was an English noblewoman born to Bartholomew de Burghersh, 2nd Baron Burghersh and Cicely Weyland.

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Elizabeth Godfrey

Elizabeth Godfrey, also known as Eliza Godfrey and Elizabeth Buteux (active c. 1720–1758), was an English gold- and silversmith.

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Elizabeth Lackfi

Elizabeth Lackfi (died December 27, 1428) was a Hungarian noble lady of the Lackfi family.

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Elizabeth Ribbing

Elizabeth Ribbing (Swedish: Elisabet; 1 January 1596 at Fästered, Finnekumla – 24 April 1662), was a Swedish noble and lady-in-waiting.

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Elizabeth Somerset, Countess of Worcester (wife of the 4th Earl)

Elizabeth Hastings, later Countess of Worcester (born before 1556 – 24 August 1621) was a noblewoman born in Scotland to Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon and Catherine Pole.

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Elizabeth Trussell, Countess of Oxford

Elizabeth de Vere (née Trussell), Countess of Oxford (1496 – before July 1527) was an English noblewoman.

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Elizabethan era

The Elizabethan era is the epoch in the Tudor period of the history of England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603).

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Elizabethan government

England under Queen Elizabeth I'st reign, the Elizabethan Era, was ruled by the very structured and complicated Elizabethan government.

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Elpinice (daughter of Herodes Atticus)

Appia Annia Claudia Atilia Regilla Elpinice Agrippina Atria PollaPomeroy, The murder of Regilla: a case of domestic violence in antiquity (Αππία Αννία Κλαυδία Ατιλία Ρήγιλλα Ελπινίκη Αγριππίνα Ατρία Πώλλα) otherwise most commonly known as Elpinice (Ελπινίκη) Graindor, Un milliardaire antique p. 29 (142-165) was a Roman noblewoman of Greek Athenian and Italian Roman descent who lived in the Roman Empire.

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Elsa Beata Bunge

Elsa Beata Bunge, née Wrede, (18 April 1734 – 19 January 1819), was a Swedish, botanist, writer and noble.

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Ema Pukšec

Ema Pukšec (February 6, 1834 – January 14, 1889), also known as Ilma de Murska, as well as Ilma di Murska, was a famous 19th-century soprano opera singer from Croatia.

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Emanuele Ruspoli, 1st Prince of Poggio Suasa

Emanuele Francesco Maria dei Principi Ruspoli, 1st Prince of Poggio Suasa (Rome, December 30, 1837 – November 29, 1899) was an Italian prince, son of Bartolomeo dei Principi Ruspoli and wife Carolina Ratti and paternal grandson of Francesco Ruspoli, 3rd Prince of Cerveteri and second wife Countess Maria Leopoldina von Khevenhüller-Metsch and ancestor of the Line III of the Principi Ruspoli.

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Emelan

Emelan is a fictional realm that provides the main setting of the Circle of Magic quartet by Tamora Pierce, primarily in the capital city of Summersea and the nearby temple of Winding Circle.

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Emil von Behring

Emil von Behring (Emil Adolf von Behring), born as Emil Adolf Behring (15 March 1854 – 31 March 1917), was a German physiologist who received the 1901 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, the first one awarded, for his discovery of a diphtheria antitoxin.

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Emilia Galotti

Emilia Galotti is a play in five acts by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729–1781), which premiered on 8 March 1772 in Brunswick ("Braunschweig" in German).

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Emilia Uggla

Emilia "Emilie" Maria Sara Sofia Uggla (24 February 1819 in Karlstad – 15 February 1855 in Upperud), was a Swedish noble classical concert pianist and concert singer.

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Emilio Alcalá-Galiano, 4th Count of Casa Valencia

Don Emilio Alcalá-Galiano y Valencia, 4th Count of Casa Valencia and 1st Viscount of the Pontón (Madrid, Spain, 7 March 1831 – San Sebastián, Spain, 12 November 1914) was a Spanish noble and politician who served as Minister of State in the reign of Alfonso XII.

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Emily Gilmore

Emily Gilmore is a fictional character who appears in the American comedy-drama television series Gilmore Girls (2000 – 2007) and its revival Gilmore Girls: A Year in the Life (2016) as the matriarch of the eponymous family.

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Empire of Brazil

The Empire of Brazil was a 19th-century state that broadly comprised the territories which form modern Brazil and (until 1828) Uruguay.

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Empress Xu (Cheng)

Empress Xu (許皇后) (personal name unknown,but likely Xu Kua) (died 8 BC) was an empress during Han Dynasty, who came from a powerful family and who was initially very much loved by her husband Emperor Cheng, but who eventually lost favor and, as a result of the machinations of her eventual successor, Empress Zhao Feiyan, was deposed.

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Enema

An enema is the injection of fluid into the lower bowel by way of the rectum.

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Engelhardt family

Engelhardt (Энгельгардт) was a Baltic-German noble and baronial family.

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English Army

The English Army existed while England was an independent state and was at war with other states, but it was not until the Interregnum and the New Model Army (raised by Parliament to defeat the Royalists in the English Civil War) that England acquired a peacetime professional standing army.

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English heraldry

English heraldry is the form of coats of arms and other heraldic bearings and insignia used in England.

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English honorifics

In the English language, an English honorific is a form of address indicating respect.

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English language in Europe

The English language in Europe, as a native language, is mainly spoken in the United Kingdom and Ireland.

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Ennoblement

Ennoblement is the conferring of nobility—the induction of an individual into the noble class.

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Enrico Morozzo Della Rocca

Enrico Morozzo Della Rocca (Turin, 20 June 1807 - Luserna San Giovanni, 12 August 1897) was an Italian general, noble and politician, noted for his military service during the Risorgimento.

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Enrique de Guzmán, 2nd Count of Olivares

Enrique de Guzmán y Ribera, 2nd Count of Olivares (Spanish: Don Enrique de Guzmán y Ribera, segundo Conde de Olivares; 1 March 1540–1607) was a Spanish nobleman and statesman.

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Entertainment in the 16th century

British Entertainment in the 16th century included art, fencing, painting help me the stocks and even executions.

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Equality before the law

Equality before the law, also known as: equality under the law, equality in the eyes of the law, or legal equality, is the principle that each independent being must be treated equally by the law (principle of isonomy) and that all are subject to the same laws of justice (due process).

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Equestrian portrait

An Equestrian portrait shows the subject on horseback.

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Erdődy

Erdődy de Monyorókerék et Monoszló (also Erdödy) is the name of a Hungarian noble family in the Kingdom of Hungary (most notably in Croatia).

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Erdmann & Rossi

Erdmann & Rossi was originally a coachbuilding company based in Berlin, Germany.

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Erelu Kuti

The Erelu Kuti of Lagos is the traditional noblewoman charged with the bearing of the ritual essence of Oloye Erelu Kuti I, an eighteenth-century Yoruba royal who aided in the consolidation of her homeland, first as the daughter of its paramount king, then as the sister of two of his successors, subsequently as the consort of one of its chiefs, then as a chief in her own right, and finally as its first queen mother.

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Erfenstein Castle

Erfenstein Castle (Burg Erfenstein) is a medieval spur castle in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate.

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Eric de Noorman

Eric de Noorman ("Eric the Norseman") was a Dutch comic strip, published in text comic format, and drawn by Hans G. Kresse from 1946 until 1964.

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Eric Trolle

Eric Trolle (or Erik Arvidsson) (c. 1460–1530) was elected regent of Sweden in 1512, during the era of Kalmar Union.

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Erland Van Lidth De Jeude

Erland Philip Peter Van Lidth De Jeude (June 3, 1953 – September 23, 1987) was a Dutch-born American actor who appeared in several Hollywood films, as well as being a wrestler, singing as an operatic bass-baritone, and studying computer science at MIT.

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Erling Vidkunsson

Erling Vidkunsson (1293–1355) was the Norwegian nobleman and regent of Norway.

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Ernle

Ernle was the surname of an English gentry or landed family descended from the lords of the manor of Earnley in Sussex who derived their surname from the name of the place where their estates lay.

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Ernst Ludwig I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen

Ernst Ludwig I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (7 October 1672 – 24 November 1724) was a German (Saxon) nobleman.

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Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg

Ernst Rüdiger Camillo Starhemberg (Eferding, 10 May 1899 – Schruns, 15 March 1956; His Serene Highness Ernst Rüdiger Camillo 6. Fürst von Starhemberg until the 1919 abolition of nobility) was an Austrian nationalist and conservative politician prior to World War II, a leader of the Heimwehr and later of the Christian Social Party/Fatherland Front.

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Ernst vom Rath

Ernst Eduard vom Rath (3 June 1909 – 9 November 1938) was a German diplomat, remembered for his assassination in Paris in 1938 by a Polish Jewish teenager, Herschel Grynszpan, which provided a pretext for the Kristallnacht, "The Night of Broken Glass.".

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Ernuszt family

The House of Ernuszt (Ernusht; Ernušt) was a Hungarian noble family, descending from a rich Jewish family who came to medieval Hungary from Vienna, converted to Catholicism and also reached its peak in the Kingdom of Croatia during the reign of King Matthias Corvinus and his successors.

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Esperanza de Sarachaga

Doña Esperanza Felicitas Alexandra de Sarachaga y Lobanov Rostovsky was a 19th-century courtier and socialite of Spanish and Russian descent.

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Esquire

Esquire (abbreviated Esq.) is usually a courtesy title.

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Estate satire

Estate satire is a genre of writing from 14th Century, Medieval literary works.

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Estates General (France)

In France under the Old Regime, the Estates General (French: États généraux) or States-General was a legislative and consultative assembly (see The Estates) of the different classes (or estates) of French subjects.

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Estates General of 1464

The Estates General of 1464 was a parliamentary assembly of representatives of the constituent territories of the Burgundian Netherlands (now parts of France, Belgium, and the Netherlands).

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Estates General of 1600

The Estates General of 1600 was a parliamentary assembly of representatives of the constituent provinces of the Habsburg Netherlands.

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Estates General of 1632

The Estates General of 1632 was a parliamentary assembly of representatives of the constituent provinces of the Habsburg Netherlands.

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Estates of the realm

The estates of the realm, or three estates, were the broad orders of social hierarchy used in Christendom (Christian Europe) from the medieval period to early modern Europe.

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Esterházy

Esterházy (also spelled Eszterházy) is a Hungarian noble family with origins in the Middle Ages.

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Estoria de España

The Estoria de España, also known in the 1906 edition of Ramón Menéndez Pidal as the Primera Crónica General, is a history book written on the initiative of Alfonso X of Castile "El Sabio" ("the Wise"), who was actively involved in the editing.

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Ethelreda Malte

Ethel(d)reda Malte (sometimes referred to as Audrey) was an English courtier of the Tudor period who was reputed to be an illegitimate daughter of King Henry VIII.

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Ethical dualism

Ethical dualism (from ancient Greek ἔθος (o ἦθος), ethos,"character", "custom", and Latin duo, "two") refers to the practice of imputing evil entirely and exclusively to a specific group of people, while disregarding or denying one's own capacity to commit evil.

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Ethiopian aristocratic and court titles

Until the end of the Ethiopian monarchy in 1974, there were two categories of nobility in Ethiopia.

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Etiquette

Etiquette is a code of behavior that delineates expectations for social behavior according to contemporary conventional norms within a society, social class, or group.

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Eugène Renevier

Eugène Renevier (26 March 1831 – 4 May 1906) Swiss geologist, was born at Lausanne, Switzerland, as a descendant of a noble family.

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Eugenio

Eugenio (e(u)-ge-nio) is an Italian and Spanish masculine given name deriving from the Greek 'Eugene'.

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Eulabee Dix

Eulabee Dix Becker (October 5, 1878 – June 14, 1961) was an American artist, who favoured the medium of watercolours on ivory to paint portrait miniatures.

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Eunjin Song clan

Eunjin Song clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Eupatridae

Eupatridae (literally "good fathered", i.e. "offspring of noble fathers" or "the well-born") refers to the ancient nobility of the Greek region of Attica.

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Europäische Stammtafeln

Europäische Stammtafeln - German for European Family Trees - is a series of twenty-nine books which contain sets of genealogical tables of the most influential families of Medieval European history.

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Europe

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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European emigration

European emigration can be defined as subsequent emigration waves from the European continent to other continents.

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European wars of religion

The European wars of religion were a series of religious wars waged mainly in central and western, but also northern Europe (especially Ireland) in the 16th and 17th century.

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Eurystheus

In Greek mythology, Eurystheus (Εὐρυσθεύς meaning "broad strength" in folk etymology and pronounced) was king of Tiryns, one of three Mycenaean strongholds in the Argolid, although other authors including Homer and Euripides cast him as ruler of Argos.

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Eva Ekeblad

Eva Ekeblad (née Eva De la Gardie; 10 July 1724 – 15 May 1786) was a Swedish countess who was a salon hostess, agronomist, and scientist.

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Everilda

Saint Everild of Everingham (Eoforhild) was an Anglo-Saxon saint of the 7th century who founded a convent at Everingham, in the English county of the East Riding of Yorkshire.

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Evolution of timpani in the 18th and 19th centuries

The modern timpani evolved in the 18th and 19th centuries from the simple 12th-century membranophone of the Naker to a complex instrument, consisting of a suspended kettle with a foot operated clutch, capable of rapid tuning.

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Ewald Frie

Ewald Frie (born 10 October 1962 in Nottuln) is a German historian.

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Ewelina Hańska

Eveline Hańska (Ewelina, née Rzewuska, 6 January c. 1805 – 11 April 1882) was a Polish noblewoman best known for her marriage to French novelist Honoré de Balzac.

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ʻApapane

The apapane (Himatione sanguinea) is a species of Hawaiian honeycreeper that is endemic to Hawaii.

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ʻIʻiwi

The iiwi (Drepanis coccinea, pronounced, ee-EE-vee), or scarlet honeycreeper is a "hummingbird-niched" species of Hawaiian honeycreeper.

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Fabian Wrede-class training ship

Fabian Wrede class consists of three training ships used by Finnish Navy.

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Fabliau

A fabliau (plural fabliaux) is a comic, often anonymous tale written by jongleurs in northeast France between ca.

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Fabritio Caroso

Fabritio Caroso da Sermoneta (1526/1535 – 1605/1620) was an Italian Renaissance dancing master and a composer or transcriber of dance music.

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Fabritius de Tengnagel (noble family)

Fabritius de Tengnagel is a Danish and Norwegian noble family.

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Faesch

Faesch, also spelled Fesch, is a prominent Swiss, French, Belgian, Corsican and Italian noble family, originally a patrician family of Basel.

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Fairy Meat

Fairy Meat is a warband-based tabletop game first published by Kenzer & Company in 2000, written and designed by Scott Leaton and illustrated by Manny Vega.

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Falconry

Falconry is the hunting of wild animals in their natural state and habitat by means of a trained bird of prey.

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Falk Lykke

Falk Lykke (2 January 1583 – 7 July 1650) was a Danish nobleman, fief-holder, Colonel of the Scanian Regiment, and Knight of the Elephant.

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False titles of nobility

False titles of nobility are claimed titles of social rank that have been fabricated or assumed by an individual or family without recognition by the current or past government of a country in which titles of nobility exist or once existed.

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Falvey

Falvey is a surname which is an anglicisation of the name Ó Fáilbhe: in the Irish language Ó means "descendant" and "fáilbhe" literally means "lively, pleasant, sprightly, merry, cheerful" or, according to another historian, "joker".

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Family Bettoni

The Bettoni family has Camunni, Celtic, viking and Lombard, Patrician origins subsequently installed permanently in Venice and ennobled as the Bettoni Counts.

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Family history of Nicolas Sarkozy

Nicolas Sarkozy is a Frenchman of mixed national and ethnic ancestry.

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Farida of Egypt

Queen Farida, born Safinaz Zulficar (5 September 1921 – 16 October 1988) (Arabic: صافيناز ذوالفقار) was the first wife of King Farouk.

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Farouk of Egypt

Farouk I (فاروق الأول Fārūq al-Awwal; 11 February 1920 – 18 March 1965) was the tenth ruler of Egypt from the Muhammad Ali dynasty and the penultimate King of Egypt and the Sudan, succeeding his father, Fuad I, in 1936.

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Fathadh mac Aonghus

Fathadh mac Aonghus (fl. 10th–11th centuries) was an Irish nobleman.

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Faubourg Saint-Germain

The Faubourg Saint Germain is a historic district of Paris.

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Favourite

A favourite or favorite (American English) was the intimate companion of a ruler or other important person.

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Fayette County, Texas

Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas.

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Fayez Sarofim

Fayez Sarofim (فايز صاروفيم) (born 1929) is a Coptic American heir to the Sarofim family fortune, fund manager for a number of Dreyfus family stock funds, an original and second largest shareholder of Kinder Morgan (NYSE: KMI) and part owner of the NFL team Houston Texans; ranked 5th Most Valuable NFL team worth $1.85 billion.

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Fürst

Fürst (female form Fürstin, plural Fürsten; from Old High German furisto, "the first", a translation of the Latin princeps) is a German word for a ruler and is also a princely title.

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Fear No Evil (1945 film)

Fear No Evil (Il Sole di Montecassino) is a 1945 black-and-white film directed by Giuseppe Maria Scotese, based on a book written by Diego Fabbri.

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Federico Callori di Vignale

Federico Callori di Vignale (December 15, 1890 – August 10, 1971) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.

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Federico de Roncali, 1st Count of Alcoy

Don Federico de Roncali y Ceruti, 1st Count of Alcoy (1809 in Cádiz, Spain – 3 April 1857) was a Spanish noble, politician and military who served as Prime Minister of Spain between 1852 and 1853.

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Felice Pastore

Felice Pastore (Palermo, August 5, 1786 – Palermo, May 9, 1862) was an Italian nobleman.

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Felipe VI of Spain

Felipe VI (Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y de Grecia; born 30 January 1968) is the King of Spain.

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Fenzi

The Fenzi Bank and family were key players in both the economic growth of the Italian industrial revolution and the expansion of the north Italian Railways between Florence and Livorno in 18th and 19th century Italy.

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Ferdinand Freiherr von Beschwitz

Ferdinand Freiherr von Beschwitz (26 December 1798 – 26 August 1874), Lord of the Fideicomis of Arnsdorf in the Kingdom of Saxony, was a German Nobleman.

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Ferdinand of Portugal, Lord of Eça

Ferdinand of Portugal, later de Eza or de Eça (Ferdinand) (1378 – Eza?) was the son of Portuguese Infant João, Duke of Valencia de Campos.

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Ferdinand von Schirach

Ferdinand von Schirach (born 1964 in Munich) is a German lawyer and writer.

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Fermín Francisco de Carvajal-Vargas

Fermín Francisco de Carvajal-Vargas y Alarcón, 1st Duke of San Carlos and Grandee of Spain (Chile, 1722 - Madrid, 1799) was a Spanish-Peruvian noble.

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Fernald

Fernald is a French surname typical of 18th and 19th century wealthy French upperclass and aristocratic families of nobility from France and Monaco, also found in the United States, notably in the New England states.

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Fernand van de Werve

Fernand, Count van de Werve, (9 June 1876 – 29 December 1958) was a Belgian nobleman.

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Fernando Alvarado Tezozómoc

Fernando or Hernando (de) Alvarado Tezozómoc was a colonial Nahua noble.

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Fernando Calderón de la Barca, 1st Marquis of Reinosa

Don Fernando Calderón de la Barca y Collantes, 1st Marquis of Reinosa (Reinosa, Spain, 21 February 1811 – Madrid, Spain, 9 January 1890) was a Spanish noble and politician who served as Minister of State between 1875 and 1877.

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Fernando Díaz de Haro (Lord of Orduña and Balmaseda)

Fernando Díaz de Haro was a Spanish noble of the House of Haro.

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Fernando de Borja y Aragón

Don Fernando de Borja y Aragón or Ferran de Borja y d'Aragón (1583, in Lisboa – 28 November 1665, in Madrid) was a Spanish noble from the House of Borja and the House of Castro.

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Fernando Gutiérrez Tello

Fernando Gutiérrez Tello was a Spanish noble in the service of the Kingdom of Castile.

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Fernando Joanes de Monroy

Fernando Joanes de Monroy, 12th century Lord of Allariz, was a Spanish nobleman.

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Fernando Ponce de León

Fernando Ponce de León París (Bogotá, September 6, 1917 – Bogotá, November 13, 1998) was a Colombian writer born within a large family of eleven siblings.

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Fernando Ramírez de Haro, 16th Count of Bornos

Don Fernando Ramírez de Haro y Valdés, 16th Count of Bornos, Grandee of Spain, Knight of the Real Maestranza de Caballería de Sevilla (b. 17 December 1949) is a Spanish noble and landowner.

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Feud letter

A feud letter (Fehdebrief or Absagebrief) was a document in which a feud was announced – usually with few words - in medieval Europe.

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Feudal earldom

A feudal earldom is a Scottish feudal title that is held en baroneum, which means that its holder, who is called a feudal earl, is also always a feudal baron.

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Feudalism in the Holy Roman Empire

Feudalism in the Holy Roman Empire was a politico-economic system of relationships between liege lords and enfeoffed vassals (or feudatories) that formed the basis of the social structure within the Holy Roman Empire during the High Middle Ages.

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Fidalgo

Fidalgo, from Galician and Portuguese filho de algo— equivalent to nobleman, but sometimes literally translated into English as "son of somebody" or "son of some (important family)"—is a traditional title of Portuguese nobility that refers to a member of the titled or untitled nobility.

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Fifth Estate

The Fifth Estate is a socio-cultural reference to groupings of outlier viewpoints in contemporary society, and is most associated with bloggers, journalists publishing in non-mainstream media outlets, and the social media or "social license".

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Filip Deutsch

Filip Deutsch pl.

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Filipe Soares Franco

Filipe Pinto Basto Soares Franco (born 11 March 1953 in Lisbon) was the 46th president of Sporting CP, one of Portugal's biggest comprehensive sports clubs, second child and second son of Rui Guedes Soares Franco and Isabel Maria da Câmara Ferreira Pinto Basto (Noblemen of Coat of Arms), of English descent (a descendant of Louis, comte de Narbonne-Lara and the Duke of Loulé and Infanta Ana de Jesus Maria of Portugal).

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Filipino styles and honorifics

In the Philippine languages, the Filipino honorific styles and titles are a complex system of titles and honorifics, which are used extensively during pre-colonial era, mostly the Tagalogs and Visayans borrowed the Malay language systems of honorifics specially the Moro peoples of Mindanao based on the Indianised Sanskritised Indian honorifics system, in addition to the Chinese systems of honorifics in like the Ma-i (Mindoro) and the Pangasinan.

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Filipinos

Filipinos (Mga Pilipino) are the people who are native to, or identified with the country of the Philippines.

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Filippo Sega

Filippo Sega (22 August 1537 – 29 May 1596) was a Catholic bishop from 1575 to 1596 and a cardinal from 1591 to 1596.

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Filippo Severoli

Filippo Severoli (Faenza, 16 November 1762 — Fusignano, 6 October 1822) was an Italian general and noble who served in the Kingdom of Italy during the Napoleonic Wars and in the Austrian Empire.

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Finland under Swedish rule

Finland under Swedish rule refers to the period in the history of Finland when it was a part of Sweden.

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Finnish Declaration of Independence

The Finnish Declaration of Independence (Suomen itsenäisyysjulistus; Finlands självständighetsförklaring; Провозглашение независимости Финляндии) was adopted by the Parliament of Finland on 6 December 1917.

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Finnish name

In Finland, a person must have a surname and can have up to three given names.

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Finnish nobility

The Finnish nobility (Fi. Aateli, Sw. Adel) was historically a privileged class in Finland, deriving from its period as part of Sweden and the Russian Empire.

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Fioravanti family

The Fioravanti family were a noble family originating in Pistoia in Tuscany and active in Florence and other Italian towns.

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Fiore dei Liberi

Fiore Furlano de Cividale d'Austria, delli Liberi da Premariacco (Fiore dei Liberi, Fiore Furlano, Fiore de Cividale d'Austria; born ca. 1350; died after 1409) was a late 14th century knight, diplomat, and itinerant fencing master.

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Fire (classical element)

Fire has been an important part of all cultures and religions from pre-history to modern day and was vital to the development of civilization.

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First French Empire

The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.

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First Massacre of Machecoul

The Machecoul massacre is one of the first events of the War in the Vendée, a revolt against mass conscription and the civil constitution of the clergy.

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Fisichella

Fisichella is an Italian noble family (of Sicilian origin), currently present in around 130 Italian municipalities.

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Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The national flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina contains a wide medium blue vertical band on the fly side with a yellow right triangle abutting the band and the top of the flag. The remainder of the flag is medium blue with seven full five-pointed white stars and two half stars top and bottom along the hypotenuse of the triangle. The three points of the triangle stand for the three constituent peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bosniaks, Croats, and Serbs. The triangle represents the approximate shape of the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The stars, representing Europe, are meant to be infinite in number and thus they continue from top to bottom. The flag features colours often associated with neutrality and peace – white, blue, and yellow. They are also colours traditionally associated with Bosnia. The blue background is suggestive of the flag of Europe.

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Flag of France

The flag of France (Drapeau français) is a tricolour flag featuring three vertical bands coloured blue (hoist side), white, and red.

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Flüchtlingspolitik (German Refugee Policies)

The term Flüchtlingspolitik, refers to the legal provisions and the handling of refugees and asylum seekers wanting to enter a country, and/or subsequently staying there for a long period of time.

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Fleming of Louhisaari

The Louhisaari noble family, otherwise known as Fleming, is a Finnish family of medieval frälse.

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Flemish literature

Flemish literature is literature from Flanders, historically a region comprising parts of present-day Belgium, France and the Netherlands.

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Flora, Norway

Flora is a municipality in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway.

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Floris Adriaan van Hall

Floris Adriaan van Hall, Baron of Hall (15 May 1791 – 29 March 1866) was a prominent Dutch nobleman and statesman in the 19th century.

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Fly-whisk

A fly-whisk is a tool to swat or disturb flies.

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Fock family

Fock is a Swedish noble family originally from Westphalia, Holy Roman Empire, from where members relocated to the Baltics.

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Forcade

Forcade (de), also written Fourcade (de), Forcada (de), Forquade (de), Forquada (de), Forcade (de la), Fourcade (de la), Laforcade (de) and Lafourcade (de) belongs to the nobility of GuyenneChaix d'Est-Ange (1922), Tome 18, p. 310 and Gascony,Chaix d'Est-Ange (1922), Tome 18, p. 313 in France, and of the Kingdom of Prussia.

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Fortification

A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare; and is also used to solidify rule in a region during peacetime.

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Fortunato de Felice, 2nd Count Panzutti

Fortunato Bartolommeo de Felice (24 August 1723 – 13 February 1789), 2nd Comte de Panzutti, also known as Fortuné-Barthélemy de Félice and Francesco Placido Bartolomeo De Felice, was an Italian nobleman, a famed author, philosopher, scientist, and is said to have been one of the most important publishers of the 18th century.

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Fount of honour

The fount of honour (fons honorum) refers to a person, who, by virtue of his or her official position, has the exclusive right of conferring legitimate titles of nobility and orders of chivalry on other persons.

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Fox family (English aristocracy)

The Fox family is a noble family of England that held the title of Baron Holland (now extinct) and still holds the title of Earl of Ilchester.

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Fraidy Cat (TV series)

Fraidy Cat is a 1975 comical children's cartoon show that originally appeared as a segment on Filmation's short-lived ABC series Uncle Croc's Block.

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Fran Đivo Gundulić

Count Fran Đivo Gundulić or Francesco Giovanni Gondola; (born 1633, Dubrovnik - died 1700, Vienna) was a member of an old noble family from Dubrovnik (then Republic of Ragusa), the House of Gundulić.

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Fran Krsto Frankopan

Fran Krsto Frankopan (Frangepán Ferenc Kristóf; 4 March 1643 – 30 April 1671) was a Croatian baroque poet, nobleman and politician in the 17th century.

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François Achille Bazaine

François Achille Bazaine (13 February 181123 September 1888) was an officer of the French army.

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François de La Rochefoucauld (writer)

François VI, Duc de La Rochefoucauld, Prince de Marcillac (15 September 1613 – 17 March 1680) was a noted French author of maxims and memoirs.

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François Marie, Chevalier de Reggio

Francesco Maria de Reggio, known in French as François Marie, Chevalier de Reggio (Alba, Italy, 1698 – New Orleans, 1787) was an Italian nobleman who was a member of the House of Este.

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François-Joseph Double

François-Joseph Double (1776-1842) was a French physician and co-founder of the Académie Nationale de Médecine.

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François-Marie Picoté de Belestre

François-Marie Picoté, sieur de Belestre II (17 November 1716 – 30 March 1793) was a colonial soldier for both New France and Great Britain.

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France in the Middle Ages

The Kingdom of France in the Middle Ages (roughly, from the 9th century to the middle of the 15th century) was marked by the fragmentation of the Carolingian Empire and West Francia (843–987); the expansion of royal control by the House of Capet (987–1328), including their struggles with the virtually independent principalities (duchies and counties, such as the Norman and Angevin regions) that had developed following the Viking invasions and through the piecemeal dismantling of the Carolingian Empire and the creation and extension of administrative/state control (notably under Philip II Augustus and Louis IX) in the 13th century; and the rise of the House of Valois (1328–1589), including the protracted dynastic crisis of the Hundred Years' War with the Kingdom of England (1337–1453) compounded by the catastrophic Black Death epidemic (1348), which laid the seeds for a more centralized and expanded state in the early modern period and the creation of a sense of French identity.

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Francesco Alvaro Maria Giorgio Ruspoli, 1st Duke of Morignano

Don Francesco Alvaro Maria Giorgio dei Principi Ruspoli (Rome, April 19, 1891 – Rome, March 2, 1970) was an Italian nobleman, the 1st Duca di Morignano, Nobile di Viterbo e di Orvieto, Patrizio Romano and Prince of the Holy Roman Empire.

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Francis Martin O'Donnell

Francis Martin O'Donnell, GCMM, GCEG, KC*SG, KM, KCHS, KCMCO, (born in 1954) is an Irish international diplomat who served abroad in senior representative positions with the United Nations until retirement, and later with the Sovereign Order of Malta.

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Francisco Agulló y Cebrian

Francisco Agulló y Cebrian (1720s-1780s) was a Spanish nobleman, Regidor of Xativa and Knight of Montesa.

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Francisco Cuervo y Valdés

Francisco Cuervo y Valdés (1651–1714) was a Spanish politician who ruled Nuevo Leon, Coahuila (1698–1703), Texas (1698–1702) and New Mexico (1704–1707).

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Francisco de Borja Queipo de Llano, 8th Count of Toreno

Don Francisco de Borja Queipo de Llano y Gayoso de los Cobos, 8th Count of Toreno and 8th Viscount of Matarrosa (6 November 1840 – 31 January 1890) was a Spanish noble and politician.

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Francisco de Lersundi y Hormaechea

Francisco de Lersundi y Hormaechea (28 January 1817 in Valencia, Spain – 17 November 1874 in Bayonne, France) was a Spanish noble and politician who served as Prime Minister of Spain in 1853 and held other important offices such as Captain General of Cuba from 1866 to 1869.

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Francisco de Paula Gelabert

Francisco José de Paula Gelabert (1758 – after June 21, 1832) was an honorary commissioner of War who was Royal Governor of West Florida between May and September, 1796.

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Francisco de Sá de Miranda

For the 19th century Venezuelan politician with similar name, see Francisco de Miranda Francisco de Sá de Miranda (28 August 1481 – 17 May 1558) was a Portuguese poet of the Renaissance.

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Francisco Félix de Sousa

Francisco Félix de Souza (4 October 1754 – 8 May 1849) was a Brazilian born to Portuguese colonists and a slave trader in his own right who was deeply influential in the regional politics of pre-colonial West Africa (namely, current-day Nigeria, Benin, Ghana and Togo).

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Francisco Gomez (governor)

Francisco Gomez (born 1576, died in either 1656 or 1657) was a prominent Portuguese military leader who held the charge of acting governor of New Mexico between 1641 and 1642.

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Francisco Jiménez (Tecamachalco Governor)

Francisco Jiménez was a colonial Nahua noble from Tecamachalco.

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Franciszek Ksawery Matejko

Franciszek Ksawery Matejko (Czech: František Xaver Matějka) (born 1789 or 13 January 1793 in Roudnice, died 26 October 1860 in Kraków) was a Czech musician, father of Polish painter Jan Matejko.

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Franck Mwe di Malila

Franck Mwe di Malila, (born 22 January 1968) is a Congolese politician and adviser to the Senate president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Léon Kengo Wa Dondo.

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Frank Belfrage

Frank Kurt Claude Belfrage (born 13 March 1942) is a Swedish economist and diplomat who was State Secretary for Foreign Affairs between 2006 and 2014, heading the Ministry for Foreign Affairs under then Minister for Foreign Affairs Carl Bildt.

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Franklin (class)

In England in the 12th to 15th centuries, a franklin was a member of a certain social class or rank.

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Frankopan

The Frankopan family (Frankopani, Frankapani; Frangipani, Frangepán. Frangepanus/Francopanus), was a Croatian noble family, whose members were among the great landowner magnates and high officers of the Kingdom of Hungary–Croatia.

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Frankopan Castle

Frankopan Castle (Frankopanski Kaštel) is a castle located on the southwest coast of the island Krk, in the ancient town of Krk, which is one of the oldest towns in the Adriatic, in Croatia.

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Frans Tengnagel

Frans Gansneb genaamd Tengnagel van de Camp (1576 in Neede – 1 December 1622 in Vienna) was a Dutch nobleman.

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Franz von Papen

Franz von Papen (29 October 18792 May 1969) was a German nobleman, General Staff officer and politician.

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Frau Holle

"Frau Holle" (also known as "Mother Holle" or "Mother Hulda" or "Old Mother Frost") is a German fairy tale that comes from the book Kinder- und Hausmärchen (Children's and Household Tales) collected by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm.

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Frauncis new Jigge, betweene Frauncis a Gentleman, and Richard a Farmer

Frauncis new Jigge, betweene Frauncis a Gentleman, and Richard a Farmer is an English broadside ballad published by George Attowell in the early 17th-century, and is set to the tune of "Go from my Window Walshingham." The original copy of the ballad has, over the years, sustained surface damage and uneven inking, but is nevertheless available for view at the Pepys Library of Magdalene College, Cambridge.

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Frederich Christopher Trampe, Count of Trampe

Frederich Christopher, Count of Trampe (19 June 1779 – 18 July 1832) was a Danish-Norwegian count and politician.

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Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore

Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore (6 February 1731 – 4 September 1771), styled as The Hon.

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Frederick Christian II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg

Frederick Christian II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (28 September 1765 in Augustenburg – 14 June 1814 in Augustenburg) was a Danish prince and feudal magnate.

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Frederick Conyngham, 7th Marquess Conyngham

Frederick William Henry Francis Conyngham, 7th Marquess Conyngham (13 March 1924 – 3 March 2009), known among friends and family as "Mount", was an Irish nobleman, landowner and soldier, who was styled Earl of Mount Charles until 1974.

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Frederick III of Denmark

Frederick III (Frederik; 18 March 1609 – 9 February 1670) was king of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death in 1670.

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Frederik Due

Frederik Gottschalck Haxthausen Due (14 April 1796 – 16 October 1873) was a Norwegian military officer and statesman.

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Frederikke Dannemand

Frederikke Benedichte Dannemand, born as Bente Frederikke Mortensdatter Andersen Rafsted (6 August 1790 – 23 December 1862) is known in history as the royal mistress of King Frederick VI of Denmark.

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Fredrik Reinfeldt

John Fredrik Reinfeldt (pronounced; born 4 August 1965) is a Swedish economist, lecturer and former politician who was Prime Minister of Sweden from 2006 to 2014 and chairman of the liberal conservative Moderate Party from 2003 to 2015.

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Free Anti Revolutionary Party

The Free Anti Revolutionary Party (in Dutch: Vrij-Antirevolutionaire Partij, VAR) was a Dutch conservative Reformed political party, which existed from 1898 to 1903.

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Free Judges

The Free Judges were a class of land owners in the County of Kladsko (Glatz, Kłodzko) who belonged to the Third Estate.

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Freidank

Freidank (Vrîdanc) was a Middle High German didactic poet of the early 13th century.

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Freihaus

A Freihaus (German for "free house") was a house that, although physically within the city walls of a medieval or early modern city, was legally outside it.

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Freiherr

Freiherr (male, abbreviated as Frhr.), Freifrau (his wife, abbreviated as Frfr., literally "free lord" or "free lady") and Freiin (his unmarried daughters and maiden aunts) are designations used as titles of nobility in the German-speaking areas of the Holy Roman Empire, and in its various successor states, including Austria, Prussia, Bavaria, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, etc.

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French Chad

Chad was a part of the French colonial empire from 1900 to 1960.

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French heraldry

French heraldry is the use of heraldic symbols in France.

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French name

This article describes the conventions for using people's names in France, including the norms of custom and practice, as well as the legal aspects.

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French nobility

The French nobility (la noblesse) was a privileged social class in France during the Middle Ages and the Early Modern period to the revolution in 1790.

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French occupation of Malta

The French occupation of Malta lasted from 1798 to 1800.

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French Resistance

The French Resistance (La Résistance) was the collection of French movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during the Second World War.

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French Revolution from the summer of 1790 to the establishment of the Legislative Assembly

The French Revolution was a period in the history of France covering the years 1789 to 1799, in which republicans overthrew the Bourbon monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church perforce underwent radical restructuring.

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Friedrich August von Schönberg

Friedrich August von Schönberg (Tannenberg, 12 June 1795 – Dresden, 5 April 1856), Lord of Weningen-Auma, Zodelsdorf and Silberfeld, was a German Nobleman.

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Friedrich Gustav Carl Ulrich Franz von Schnehen

Friedrich Gustav Carl Ulrich Franz von Schnehen (Berlin, November 10, 1808 – Schloss Klützkow, August 26, 1893), Lord of Klützkow, Bahnitz and Wendenberg, was a German Politician and Nobleman.

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Friedrich II von Graben

Frederick II von Graben (died before 1463), also called Frederick the Younger (Friedrich der Jüngere), was a Styrian noble, a member of the edelfrei Graben von Stein family.

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Friedrich Schiller

Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (10 November 17599 May 1805) was a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright.

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Friedrich von Bodelschwingh Sr.

Friedrich von Bodelschwingh Sr. (* 6 March 1831 in Tecklenburg; † 2 April 1910 in Bielefeld-Bethel) was a German theologian and politician.

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Friedrich von Hassel

Friedrich Julius von Hassel (11 October 1833 - 14 October 1890) was a Lieutenant general in the Prussian army.

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Friedrich Wilhelm Quirin von Forcade de Biaix

Friedrich Wilhelm Quirin von Forcade de Biaix,Lange, Page 91 Lehmann, Band 1, Page 34, Nr.

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Friesland

Friesland (official, Fryslân), also historically known as Frisia, is a province of the Netherlands located in the northern part of the country.

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Frisia

Frisia (Fryslân, Dutch and Friesland) is a coastal region along the southeastern corner of the North Sea in what today is mostly a large part of the Netherlands, including modern Friesland, and smaller parts of northern Germany.

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Frisian Kingdom

The Frisian Kingdom (West Frisian Fryske Keninkryk), also known as Magna Frisia, is a modern name for the Frisian realm in the period when it was at its largest (650-734).

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Fritz Eberhard

Fritz Eberhard (October 2, 1896 – March 30, 1982) was a German journalist, anti-fascist and social democrat and fought in the German Resistance against Nazism.

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Fujiwara clan

, descending from the Nakatomi clan and through them Ame-no-Koyane-no-Mikoto, was a powerful family of regents in Japan.

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Fujiwara no Akisue

was a noted Japanese poet and nobleman.

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Fujiwara no Korechika

, the second son of Michitaka, was a kugyo (Japanese noble) of the Heian period.

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Fujiwara no Michitaka

, the first son of Kaneie, was a Kugyō (Japanese noble) of the Heian period.

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Fujiwara no Nakafumi

Fujiwara no Nakafumi (also Nakafun, 923–992, Japanese: 藤原 仲文) was a middle Heian waka poet and Japanese nobleman.

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Fujiwara no Nobunaga

Fujiwara no Nobunaga (藤原 信長; 1022 – October 14, 1094), third son of Norimichi, was a kugyo (Japanese noble) of the Heian period.

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Fujiwara no Shunzei

was a noted Japanese poet and nobleman, son of Fujiwara no Toshitada.

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Fujiwara no Takafuji

, the second son of Yoshikado, was a kugyo (Japanese noble) of the Heian period.

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Fujiwara no Takaie

, was a Kugyō (Japanese noble) of the late Heian period.

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Fyodor Keller

Count Fyodor Keller (1850 – 31 July 1904) was a general in the Imperial Russian Army, noted for his role in the Battle of Motien Pass during the Russo-Japanese War.

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Ga clan of Suzhou

Ga clan of Suzhou is one of the Korean clans.

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Gabriel Bonnot de Mably

Gabriel Bonnot de Mably (Grenoble, 14 March 1709 – 2 April 1785 in Paris), sometimes known as Abbé de Mably, was a French philosopher, historian, and writer, who for a short time served in the diplomatic corps.

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Gabriel II of Constantinople

Gabriel II (Γαβριήλ Β΄), (? – 3 December 1659) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople for one week in 1657.

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Gabriel Wagner

Gabriel Wagner (c. 1660 – c. 1717) was a radical German philosopher and materialist who wrote under the nom-de-plume Realis de Vienna. A follower of Spinoza and acquaintance of Leibniz, Wagner did not believe that the universe or bible were divine creations, and sought to extricate philosophy and science from the influence of theology.

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Gaha

Bashorun Gaha (or Gaa) was a notable nobleman and leader of the military in the old Oyo Empire during the 17th/18th century.

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Gamel, Sheriff of York

Gamel, son of Osbern was High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1066.

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Games table desk

A Games table desk is an antique desk form which combines the type of surface required for writing with a surface etched or veneered in the pattern of a given board game.

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Gaming Act 1845

The Gaming Act 1845 (8 & 9 Vict., c. 109) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

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Gamla stan

Gamla stan (The Old Town), until 1980 officially Staden mellan broarna (The Town between the Bridges), is the old town of Stockholm, Sweden.

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Gandzieli-Gegelia

Gandzieli (literally meaning "of Gandza") was a noble family of Dukes (Tavadi) and later of Marquesses (Aznauri) in the Kingdom of Georgia, in the period between 1083 and 1727.

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Ganerbenburg

A Ganerbenburg is a castle occupied and managed by several families or family lines at the same time.

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Gangeum Dan clan

Gangeum Dan clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Ganghwa Man clan

Ganghwa Man clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Ganghwa Noh clan

Ganghwa Noh clan is a Korean clan.

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Ganghwa Wi clan

Ganghwa Wi clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Gangneung Yoo clan

Gangneung Yoo clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Garai family

Garai or Garay (Gorjanski) were a Hungarian-Croatian noble family, a branch of the Dorozsma (Durusma) clan, with notable members in the 14th and 15th centuries.

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Garázda

The Garázda is an old Hungarian aristocratic family.

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Garci López de Padilla

Garci López de Padilla was a Spanish noble of the House of Padilla.

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Garcia de Noronha

Dom Garcia de Noronha (1479 in Lisbon – 3 April 1540 in Goa) was a Portuguese nobleman.

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Garcia de Resende

Garcia de Resende (14703 February 1536) was a Portuguese poet and editor.

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Gaspar Antonio Chi

Gaspar Antonio Chi (c. 1531–1610; also known as Gaspar Antonio de Herrera) was a Maya noble of Mani.

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Gaspar de Portolá

Gaspar de Portolá y Rovira (1716–1786) was a Spanish soldier and administrator in New Spain.

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Gasparilla Pirate Festival

The Gasparilla Pirate Festival is a large parade and a host of related community events held almost every year since 1904 in Tampa, Florida celebrating the apocryphal legend of José Gaspar (also known as Gasparilla), a mythical Spanish pirate who supposedly operated in Southwest Florida in the early 1800s.

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Gates of Tashkent

The Gates of Tashkent, in present-day Uzbekistan, were built around the town at the close of the 10th century, but did not survive to the present.

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Gérard Leman

Gerard Mathieu Joseph Georges, count Leman (8 January 1851 Liège – 17 October 1920 Liège) was a Belgian general.

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Geevarghese Ivanios

Archbishop Aboon Geevarghese Mar Ivanios (born 21 September 1882 as Geevarghese Panickeruveetil - died 15 July 1953) was the first Metropolitan Archbishop of Trivandrum and the founder of the Malankara Syrian Catholic Church.

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Gemignani

Gemignani is an Italian surname, which can be equally written as Geminiani, Gimignani or Giminiani; it belongs to an Italian noble family, whose origins are dated back to medieval Tuscany, and especially in the town of Lucca.

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Gendarme (historical)

A gendarme was a heavy cavalryman of noble birth, primarily serving in the French army from the Late Medieval to the Early Modern periods of European history.

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Gender neutrality in languages with grammatical gender

Gender neutrality in languages with grammatical gender is the usage of language that is balanced in its treatment of the genders in a non-grammatical sense.

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Genealogical numbering systems

Several genealogical numbering systems have been widely adopted for presenting family trees and pedigree charts in text format.

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Genealogical Office

The Genealogical Office is an office of the Government of Ireland containing genealogical records.

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Genealogy

Genealogy (from γενεαλογία from γενεά, "generation" and λόγος, "knowledge"), also known as family history, is the study of families and the tracing of their lineages and history.

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Gentlemen and Players (TV series)

Gentlemen and Players is a British television series produced by TVS Television for the ITV network.

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Gentry

The gentry (genterie; Old French gentil: "high-born") are the "well-born, genteel, and well-bred people" of the social class below the nobility of a society.

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Gentry assembly

Assembly of the Nobility (дворянское собрание, благородное собрание) was a self-governing body of the sosloviye (estate) of the Russian nobility in Imperial Russia during 1766-1917.

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Geochang Shin clan

Geochang Shin clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Geochang Yoo clan

Geochang Yoo clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Geoffrey de Clinton

Geoffrey de Clinton (died c. 1134) was an Anglo-Norman noble, chamberlain and treasurer to King Henry I of England.

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Geoje Ban clan

Geoje Ban clan is a Korean clan.

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Geometric art

Geometric art is a phase of Greek art, characterized largely by geometric motifs in vase painting, that flourished towards the end of the Greek Dark Ages, circa 900 BC – 700 BC.

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Georg Abraham Constantin von Arnim

Georg Abraham Constantin von Arnim (Schloss Suckow, 10 December 1839 – Berlin, 7 July 1879), 5th Lord of the Fideicomis of Suckow in the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Lord of Nemidchlof and Neu-Körtnitz, was a German Military and Nobleman, son of Georg Wilhelm von Arnim and wife Marie Josephine Ernestine Adamine Gräfin von Blumenthal.

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Georg de Laval

Patrik Georg Fabian de Laval (16 April 1883 – 10 March 1970) was a Swedish sports shooter and modern pentathlete who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.

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Georg Matthäus Vischer

Georg Matthäus Vischer (22 April 1628 – 13 December 1696) was an Austrian topographer, cartographer, engraver and parish priest in Leonstein (Upper Austria) and Vienna.

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Georg von Eucken-Addenhausen

Georg Udo Victor von Eucken-Addenhausen (29 July 1855–1 May 1942) was a German jurist, politician, and mayor of Jena.

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Georg Wilhelm von Arnim

Georg Wilhelm von Arnim (Schloss Suckow, 3 October 1806 – Schloss Suchow, 9 November 1845), 4th Lord of the Fideicomis of Suckow in the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, was a German Nobleman.

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George Browne, 8th Viscount Montagu

George Samuel Browne, 8th Viscount Montagu (26 June 1769 – October 1793) was an English nobleman.

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George Campbell, 6th Duke of Argyll

George William Campbell, 6th Duke of Argyll GCH, PC (22 September 1768 – 22 October 1839), styled Earl of Campbell from 1768 to 1770 and Marquess of Lorne from 1770 to 1806, was a Scottish Whig politician and nobleman.

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George Douglas (bishop)

George Douglas (died 28 December 1589) was a late medieval Scottish nobleman and prelate.

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George E. Marcus

George E. Marcus is an American professor of anthropology at the University of California, Irvine who focuses on the anthropology of elites.

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George Grey, 5th Earl of Stamford

George Harry Grey, 5th Earl of Stamford (1 October 1737 – 28 May 1819), styled Lord Grey from 1739 to 1768, was a British nobleman, who additionally became a peer of Great Britain as Earl of Warrington in 1796.

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George Richmond (painter)

George Richmond (28 March 1809 – 19 March 1896) was an English painter and portraitist.

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George Tod

George Tod was a British surveyor and hothouse builder who provided colour illustrations and descriptions of 26 "glass houses," chiefly of his own design, in an 1807 publication.

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George van Egmond

George or Joris van Egmont (Egmond, c. 1504 – Saint-Amand Abbey, 26 September 1559) was a Christian religious authority and a bishop, who served as bishop of Utrecht from 1534 to 1559.

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George Washington Parke Custis

George Washington Parke Custis (April 30, 1781 – October 10, 1857) was a Virginia plantation owner, antiquarian, author and playwright.

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Georges Washington de La Fayette

Georges Washington Louis Gilbert de La Fayette (1779–1849) was the son of Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, the French officer and hero of the American Revolution, and Adrienne de La Fayette.

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Gerard & Jacques

is a Japanese shōnen-ai manga written by Fumi Yoshinaga.

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German heraldry

German heraldry is the tradition and style of heraldic achievements in Germany and the Holy Roman Empire, including national and civic arms, noble and burgher arms, ecclesiastical heraldry, heraldic displays and heraldic descriptions.

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German name

Personal names in German-speaking Europe consist of one or several given names (Vorname, plural Vornamen) and a surname (Nachname, Familienname).

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German nobility

The German nobility (deutscher Adel) and royalty were status groups which until 1919 enjoyed certain privileges relative to other people under the laws and customs in the German-speaking area.

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Germanic peoples

The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin.

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Gerson von Bleichröder

Gerson von Bleichröder (22 December 1822 – 18 February 1893) was a Jewish German banker.

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Gertrud von Hindenburg

Gertrud Wilhelmine von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg (born December 4, 1860 in Magdeburg, † May 14, 1921 in Hannover) was a German noblewoman and philanthropist.

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Gervase Pierrepont, 1st Baron Pierrepont

Gervase Pierrepont, 1st Baron Pierrepont (1649 – 22 May 1715), was an English politician.

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Getachew Abate

Getachew Abate (1895–1952) was an army commander and a member of the nobility of the Ethiopian Empire.

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Geum clan of Bonghwa

Geum clan of Bonghwa is one of the Korean clans.

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Geumseong Beom clan

Geumseong Beom clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Ghetaldi

The Getaldić or Ghetaldi (Ghetaldus, Ghetaldius) was a noble family of the Republic of Ragusa.

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Giacomo Natoli

Giacomo Natoli (born 27 August 1846) was an Italian cavalry officer.

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Giambattista Costaguti

Giambattista Costaguti (1636–1704) was a Catholic cardinal from 1690 to 1704.

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Gianni Agnelli

Giovanni "Gianni" Agnelli, (12 March 192124 January 2003), also known as L'Avvocato ("The Lawyer"), was an influential Italian industrialist and principal shareholder of Fiat.

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Gil Vicente

Gil Vicente (c.1465 – c. 1536), called the Trobadour, was a Portuguese playwright and poet who acted in and directed his own plays.

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Gim clan of Gimhae

Gim clan of Gimhae is one of the Korean clans.

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Gim clan of Hambak

Gim clan of Hambak is a Korean clan.

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Gim clan of Jindo

Gim clan of Jindo is one of the Korean clans.

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Gim clan of Taiyuan

Gim clan of Taiyuan is one of the Korean clans.

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Gim clan of Urok

The founder of Gim clan of Urok is Kim Chung-seon (Sayaka) who was known to Japanese general.

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Gimhae Heo clan

Gimhae Heo clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Gimpo Gong clan

Gimpo Gong clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Giorgi family

The House of Giorgi (in the sources also De Giorgi, Georgio, Zorzi, or, during late Renaissance also Latinized as de Georgiis; later in Croatian also Žurgović, more recently Đurđević) is a princely and ruling dynasty and one of the most prestigious noble families of the Republic of Ragusa that first began to gather prominence in Rome and the Republic of Venice.

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Giorgio Almirante

Giorgio Almirante (27 June 1914 – 22 May 1988) was an Italian politician, the founder and leader of the neo-fascist Italian Social Movement until his retirement in 1987.

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Giorgio di Sant' Angelo

Giorgio di Sant' Angelo (Jorge Alberto Imperatrice), commonly known as Giorgio Sant'Angelo, (19331989) was an Italian/Argentinian fashion designer based in the United States.

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Giovan Battista di Crollalanza

Giovan Battista di Crollalanza (19 May 1819 – 8 March 1892) was an Italian writer.

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Giovanna Bonanno

Giovanna Bonanno (c. 1713 – 30 July 1789) was an alleged Italian witch and professional poisoner known as la vecchia dell'aceto, "The Old Vinegar Lady." Little is known of Giovanna Bonanno's early life, though she is believed to have been the same woman as Anna Panto, mentioned in 1744 as the wife of one Vincenzo Bonanno.

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Giovanni Battista Morgagni

Giovanni Battister Morgagni (25 February 1682 – 6 December 1771) was an Italian anatomist, generally regarded as the father of modern anatomical pathology, who taught thousands of medical students from many countries during his 56 years as Professor of Anatomy at the University of Padua.

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Giovanni Battista Pignatelli

Giovanni Battista Pignatelli (circa 1525 – before 1600) was a Neapolitan nobleman and riding master.

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Giovanni Carlo Tramontano, Count of Matera

Giovanni Carlo Tramontano, Baron of Sorrento, Count of Matera (born in 1451 as Giovanni Carlo Tramontano, Baron of Sorrento, died in 1514) was an Italian nobleman who belonged to the ancient feudal noble family of the barons of the House of Tramontano.

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Giovanni di Buiamonte

Giovanni di Buiamonte was a Florentine nobleman who lived in the late 13th century around the time of Giotto and Dante.

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Giovanni Gaetano Orsini (cardinal)

Giovanni Gaetano Orsini (ca. 1285 - 27 August 1335), Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church from 17 December 1316 until his death, was a Roman nobleman, a nephew of Pope Nicholas III and a grandson of Matteo Rosso Orsini.

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Giovanni Luca Barberi

Giovanni Luca Barberi (1452–1520) was an Italian historian, lawyer and notary.

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Giovanni Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano

Giovanni Battista Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano (27 August 1872 – 13 March 1952) was an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church.

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Girondins

The Girondins, Girondists or Gironde were members of a loosely knit political faction during the French Revolution.

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Giulio Cesare Brancaccio

Giulio Cesare Brancaccio (1515–1586) was a courtier, cavalier, actor, writer, and singer in a number of northern Italian courts throughout the sixteenth century, most notably the court at Ferrara.

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Giuseppe Maria Tomasi

Saint Joseph Mary Tomasi, C.R. (Giuseppe Maria Tomasi di Lampedusa)(12 September 1649 – 1 January 1713), was an Italian Theatine Catholic priest, scholar, reformer and cardinal.

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Giuseppe Pasquale Ricci

Giuseppe Pasquale Ricci (d. 1791) was a leading figure in late-18th-century Trieste, at the time a free port within the Habsburg Empire.

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Giuspatronato

The giuspatronato (in Latin "jus patronatus") is a privilege and duty granted to a family regarding the altar of a church.

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Gjon Muzaka

Gjon Muzaka (fl. 1510; Giovanni Musachi di Berat) was an Albanian nobleman from the Muzaka family, that has historically ruled in the Myzeqe region, Albania.

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Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus

Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus was a Roman general, senator and consul (both in 53 BC and 40 BC) who was a loyal partisan of Caesar and Octavianus.

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Gochang O clan

Gochang O clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Goesan Eum clan

Goesan Eum clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Goesan Pi clan

Goesan Pi clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Goksan Han clan

Goksan Han clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Goksan No clan

Goksan No clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Goksan Yeon clan

Goksan Yeon clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Golden Liberty

Golden Liberty (Aurea Libertas; Złota Wolność, Auksinė laisvė), sometimes referred to as Golden Freedoms, Nobles' Democracy or Nobles' Commonwealth (Szlachecka or Złota wolność szlachecka, aureă lībertās) was a political system in the Kingdom of Poland and, after the Union of Lublin (1569), in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

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Gonçalo Vasques Coutinho, 2nd Marshal of Portugal

Gonçalo Vasques Coutinho (1360s–1410s) was a Portuguese nobleman, 2nd Marshal of Portugal, who served as alcaide-mór of Trancoso and Lamego.

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Gong clan of Qufu

Gong clan of Qufu is one of the Korean clans.

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Gonzalo Rodríguez de las Varillas

Gonzalo Rodríguez de las Varillas (1270-1345) was a Spanish nobleman, founder of the Chapel San Juan Bautista, Parish of Santo Tomé.

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Gordon Cummins

Gordon Frederick Cummins (18 February 1914 – 25 June 1942) was a British spree killer, convicted for the murder of one woman in London and charged with the murders of three more.

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Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje

Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje is a town and municipality located in Central Bosnia Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Goseong Lee clan

Goseong Lee clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Goseong Nam clan

Goseong Nam clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Gossler family

The Gossler family (also spelled Goßler, historically also Gosler), including the Berenberg-Gossler branch, is a Hanseatic and partially noble banking family from Hamburg.

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Gosteli

Gosteli is a rare yet distinguished surname of Swiss origin.

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Gottfried von Droste

Gottfried Freiherr von Droste (1908–1992), a.k.a. Gottfried Freiherr von Droste zu Vischering-Padberg, was a German physical chemist.

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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (or; Leibnitz; – 14 November 1716) was a German polymath and philosopher who occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy.

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Government of Macedonia (ancient kingdom)

The earliest government of Macedonia was established by the Argead dynasty of Macedonian kings some time during the period of Archaic Greece (8th–5th centuries BC).

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Governor of New France

The Governor of New France was the viceroy of the King of France in North America.

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Gozzelino

Saint Gozzelino (Goslino, Goscelinus, Gozzelinus) (died February 12, 1053) was an abbot of San Solutore near Turin.

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Graben von Stein

Graben von (zum) Stein, also named ab dem Graben, von (dem) Graben and vom Graben, is the name of an old Austrian noble family.

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Grace, Lady Manners

Grace, Lady Manners was an English noblewoman who lived at Haddon Hall near Bakewell, Derbyshire.

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Graeme Park

Graeme Park is an historic site and National Historic Landmark at 859 County Line Road in Horsham, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.

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Graf

Graf (male) or Gräfin (female) is a historical title of the German nobility, usually translated as "count".

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Grand Burgher

Grand Burgher or Grand Burgheress (from German: Großbürger, Großbürgerin) is a specific conferred or inherited title of medieval German origin and legally defined preeminent status granting exclusive constitutional privileges and legal rights (German: Großbürgerrecht),Titel: Lehrbuch des teutschen Privatrechts; Landrecht und Lehnrecht enthaltend.

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Grand Duchy of Moscow

The Grand Duchy or Grand Principality of Moscow (Великое Княжество Московское, Velikoye Knyazhestvo Moskovskoye), also known in English simply as Muscovy from the Moscovia, was a late medieval Russian principality centered on Moscow and the predecessor state of the early modern Tsardom of Russia.

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Grand duke

The monarchic title of grand duke (feminine: grand duchess) ranked in order of precedence below emperor and king, and above that of sovereign prince and sovereign duke.

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Grand Masters and Lieutenancies of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre

The article offers an index of the Grand Magistry including Grand Masters and the Lieutenancies of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre.

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Grandee

Grandee (Grande,; Grande) is an official aristocratic title conferred on some Spanish nobility and, to a lesser extent, Portuguese nobility.

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Grass (novel)

Grass is a 1989 science fiction novel by Sheri S. Tepper.

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Grasse

Grasse (Provençal Grassa in classical norm or Grasso in Mistralian norm; traditional Grassa) is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department (of which it is a sub-prefecture), on the French Riviera.

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Graustark

Graustark is a fictional country in Eastern Europe used as a setting for several novels by George Barr McCutcheon.

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Grave

A grave is a location where a dead body (typically that of a human, although sometimes that of an animal) is buried.

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Gråsten Palace

Gråsten Palace (Gråsten Slot) is best known for being the summer residence of the Danish Royal Family.

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Grüneck Castle

Grüneck Castle is a ruined castle in the municipality of Ilanz of the Canton of Graubünden in Switzerland.

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Great hall

A great hall is the main room of a royal palace, nobleman's castle or a large manor house or hall house in the Middle Ages, and continued to be built in the country houses of the 16th and early 17th centuries, although by then the family used the great chamber for eating and relaxing.

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Great Officer of State

In the United Kingdom the Great Officers of State are traditional ministers of The Crown who either inherit their positions or are appointed to exercise certain largely ceremonial functions or to operate as members of the government.

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Gregorio García de la Cuesta

Gregorio García de la Cuesta y Fernández de Celis (9 May 1741 – 1811) was a prominent Spanish general of the Peninsular War.

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Grenoble

Grenoble is a city in southeastern France, at the foot of the French Alps where the river Drac joins the Isère.

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Grijzegrubben

Grijzegrubben, known as Griëzegröbbe in Limburgish, is a hamlet in the municipality of Nuth in the province of Limburg, the Netherlands.

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Gu Juksan An clan

Gu Juksan An clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Guangdong Jin clan

Guangdong Chen clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Guangzhou Mo clan

Guangzhou Mo clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Guards Fusilier Regiment

The Guards Fusilier Regiment (Garde-Füsilier-Regiment) or Guards Fusiliers was an infantry unit of the Guards Corps of the Prussian Army garrisoned in Berlin.

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Guards! Guards!

Guards! Guards! is a fantasy novel by British writer Terry Pratchett, the eighth in the Discworld series, first published in 1989.

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Gučetić

The Gučetić, Gozze or Gozzi were an old noble family of the Republic of Ragusa.

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Guglielmo Pecori Giraldi

Marshal Guglielmo Pecori Giraldi, OSSA, OSML, OMS, OCI (Borgo San Lorenzo, 18 May 1856 – Florence, 15 January 1941) was an Italian noble, general and politician, mostly known for commanding the italian 1st Army during World War I.

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Guillaume-Mathieu Dumas

Guillaume Mathieu, comte Dumas (23 November 1753 – 16 October 1837) was a French general.

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Guillotine

A guillotine is an apparatus designed for efficiently carrying out executions by beheading.

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Gundulić

The Gundulić (known in Italian as Gondola) was a noble family of the Republic of Ragusa, considered one of the most prestigious families of the republic.

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Gunwi O clan

Gunwi O clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Guri Shin clan

Guri Shin clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Gustav Globočnik Edler von Vojka

Gustav Viktor Josef Globočnik Edler von Vojka (10 November 1859 – 24 September 1946), was an Austrian soldier and nobleman.

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Gustav Horn, Count of Pori

Count Gustav Horn af Björneborg (October 22, 1592 – May 10, 1657) was a Swedish Nobleman, Military Officer and Governor-General.

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Gustav von Wangenheim

Gustav von Wangenheim (born Ingo Clemens Gustav Adolf Freiherr von Wangenheim; 18 February 1895 – 5 August 1975) was a German nobleman, actor, screenwriter and director.

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Gustav Wachtmeister

Gustav Wachtmeister (25 July 1757 – 20 July 1826) was a Swedish Army officer made famous at the Battle of Valkeala in Finland in 1789 against Russia where he was wounded by a musket shot to his arm, which had to be amputated.

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Gustav zu Putlitz

Gustav Heinrich Gans Edler Herr zu Putlitz (20 March 1821 – 5 September 1890) was a German author.

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Gustav, 7th Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg

Gustav, 7th Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-BerleburgIn 1919 royalty and nobility were mandated to lose their privileges in Germany, hereditary titles were to be legally borne thereafter only as part of the surname, according to of the Weimar Constitution.

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Gustav, Duke of Zweibrücken

Count Palatine Gustav Samuel Leopold of the House of Wittelsbach (12 April 1670, Stegeborg Castle near Söderköping, Sweden – 17 September 1731, Zweibrücken, Germany) was the Count Palatine of Kleeburg from 1701 until 1731 and the Duke of Zweibrücken from 1718 until 1731.

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Gustaw Potworowski

Gustaw Potworowski, count, (June 3, 1800, Bielewo - November 23, 1860, Poznań) was a Polish activist, founder of the Kasyno in Gostyń, activist of the Polish League (Liga Polska).

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Gutowski

Gutowski is the surname of a Polish szlachta (nobility) which is one of the oldest recorded name of nobility.

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Guy Ullens

Baron Guy François Edouard Marie Ullens de Schooten Whettnall (born 31 January 1935) is a Belgian art collector, philanthropist, and former businessperson.

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Gwangcheon Dong clan

Kwangchon Tong clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Gwangju No clan

Gwangju No clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Gwangnyeong Muk clan

Gwangnyeong Muk clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Gwangsan No clan

Gwangsan No clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Gwangsan Tak clan

Gwangsan Tak clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Gyeongheung Eo clan

Gyeongheung Eo clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Gyeongju Bing clan

Gyeongju Ping clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Gyeongju Seol clan

Gyeongju Sol clan is a Korean clan.

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Gyeongju Seop clan

Gyeongju Seop clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Gyeongju Yun clan

Gyeongju Yun clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Gyldenär family

Gyldenär, is the surname of an extinct Swedish noble family, enrolled in Riddarhuset with the number of 388.

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Gyodong In clan

Gyodong In clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Gyoha No clan

Gyoha No clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Gyula Cseszneky

Count Gyula István Cseszneky de Milvány et Csesznek, (Nagymajor, Austria-Hungary, 28 June 1914 – Brazil, after 1970) was a Hungarian aristocrat, poet, cavalry officer, who took part in the Hungarian reannexation of Northern Transylvania, served as aide-de-camp to King Tomislav II of Croatia.

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Gyulaj Hunting Hungary

One of Hungary´s 22 state owned forestry and hunting companies is Gyulaj Forestry and Hunting Private Limited Company (Gyulaj Plc for short).

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Haandfæstning

A Haandfæstning (Modern Håndfæstning & Modern Håndfestning, lit. "Handbinding") was a document issued by the kings of Denmark from 13th to the 17th century, preceding and during the realm's personal union with the kingdoms of Sweden and Norway.

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Haardt Castle

Haardt Castle (Haardter Schloss, more rarely also Haardter Schlössel due to its daintiness) or Villa Clemm after its builder, is a schloss-like villa in the municipality of Haardt near the town of Neustadt an der Weinstraße in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate.

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Habitants

Habitants were French settlers and the inhabitants of French origin who farmed the land along the two shores of the St. Lawrence River and Gulf in what is the present-day Province of Quebec in Canada.

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Haeju Oh clan

Haeju Oh clan is a Korean clan.

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Haeju Seok clan

Haeju Seok clan is one of the Bon-gwan or distinguished clans in South Korea.

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Haeju Yun clan

Haeju Yun clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Haengju Eun clan

Haengju Eun clan is a Korean clan.

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Haengju Gi clan

Haengju Ki clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Haepyeong Gil clan

The Haepyeong Gil clan is a Korean clan.

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Hafod Uchtryd

Hafod Uchtryd (summer mansion of Uchtryd) is a wooded and landscaped estate, located in Ceredigion, west Wales, in the Ystwyth valley.

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Halloween (Buffy the Vampire Slayer)

"Halloween" is episode six of season two of Buffy the Vampire Slayer.

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Haman Jo clan

Haman Jo clan is one of Korean clans.

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Hamjong Eo clan

Hamjong Eo clan is a Korean clan.

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Hamlet (place)

A hamlet is a small human settlement.

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Hampyeong Mo clan

Hampyeong Mo clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Hampyeong No clan

Hampyeong No clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Hampyeong O clan

Hampyeong O clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Hamyang O clan

Hamyang O clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Hamyang Yeo clan

Hamyang Yeo clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Hamyeol Namgung clan

Hamyeol Namgung clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Hangjoo Hwang clan

Hangjoo Hwang clan is a Korean clan.

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Hanibal Lucić

Hanibal Lucić or Annibale Lucio (c. 1485 – 14 December 1553) was a Croatian Renaissance poet and playwright.

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Hanns von Meyenburg

Hanns von Meyenburg (actually Walter but called Hanns; born 6 June 1887 in Dresden; died 6 November 1971) was a Swiss Pathologist.

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Hans Bohm

Hans Böhm, often known as the Drummer of Niklashausen (died 1476), was born in the small village of Helmstadt in the south-central region of Germany known as Franconia was a religious revolutionary.

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Hans Hermann Weyer

Hans Hermann Consul Weyer, Graf von Yorck is a German trader in nobility and academics titles, and a flamboyant member of the international jet set.

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Hans Olufsson

Hans Olufsson (probably born ca. 1495–1500, died 18 September 1570 in Oslo) was a Norwegian high-ranking cleric and nobleman during the 16th century.

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Hans Ritter von Adam

Hans Ritter von Adam, born Hans Adam, (24 May 1886 – 15 November 1917) was a Bavarian flying ace in World War I, with 21 victories before being killed in action.

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Hans Schack

Hans Schack, (28 October 1608 – 27 February 1676), was a member of the north German noble family Schack, who after many years in French service, entered the Danish service, made major contributions during the war with Sweden, and loyally supported Frederick III when he overthrew the Danish constitution.

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Hans Ulrich von Eggenberg

Prince Hans Ulrich von Eggenberg (1568 – 18 October 1634) was an Austrian statesman, a son of Seyfried von Eggenberg, Lord of Erbersdorf (1526-1594), and great-grandson of Balthasar Eggenberger (died 1493).

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Hans-Hasso von Veltheim

Hans-Hasso Freiherr von Ludolf Martin Veltheim Ostrau (born Cologne, died Utersum) was a German Indologist, Anthroposophist, Far East traveler, occultist and author.

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Hanseaten (class)

The Hanseaten (Hanseatics) is a collective term for the hierarchy group (so called First Families) consisting of elite individuals and families of prestigious rank who constituted the ruling class of the free imperial city of Hamburg, conjointly with the equal First Families of the free imperial cities Bremen and Lübeck.

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Hareter Babatunde Oralusi

Hareter Babatunde Oralusi, born September 28, 1971 in the city of Ibadan, Oyo State, is an International social entrepreneur, activist and gubernatorial candidate for Osun State, Nigeria, in 2015.

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Hartjesdag

Originally Hartjesdag (Day of Hearts) was a festival celebrated on the third Monday in August in the Dutch areas of Haarlem and Bloemendaal and in various parts of Amsterdam, particularly around the Haarlemmerplein, in the Jordaan, and in the Dapperbuurt.

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Hatter's Castle (film)

Hatter's Castle is a 1942 British film noir based on the 1931 novel ''Hatter's Castle'' by A. J. Cronin, which dramatizes the ruin that befalls a Scottish hatter set on recapturing his imagined lost nobility.

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Hauke-Bosak

The Hauke-Bosak (more commonly called Hauke) are originally a German middle class family of allegedly Dutch origin, who after having settled in Poland at the end of the 18th century achieved great importance and titles of nobility in Congress Poland.

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Haute Cour of Jerusalem

The Haute Cour (High Court) was the feudal council of the kingdom of Jerusalem.

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Hawaiʻi ʻōʻō

The Hawaii ōō (Moho nobilis) is a member of the extinct genus of the ōōs (Moho) within the extinct family Mohoidae.

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Hawaiian architecture

Hawaiian architecture is a distinctive style of architectural arts developed and employed primarily in the Hawaiian Islands of the United States — buildings and various other structures indicative of the people of Hawaiokinai and the environment and culture in which they live.

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Hayang Heo clan

Hayang Heo clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Hélie de Noailles

Hélie Marie Auguste Jacques Bertrand Philippe de Noailles, 10th Duke of Noailles (born 16 July 1943, in Boulogne-Billancourt), simply known as Hélie de Noailles, is a French nobleman, diplomat and trade representative.

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Héloïse

Héloïse (or;; 1090?/1100–1? – 16 May 1164) was a French nun, writer, scholar, and abbess, best known for her love affair and correspondence with Peter Abélard.

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Hôtel-Dieu de Paris

The Hôtel-Dieu de Paris founded by Saint Landry in 651 AD is the oldest hospital in the city of Paris, France, and is the most central of the Assistance publique - hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) hospitals.

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Höffern

Höffern, von Höffer or von Hoeffer, was a German noblewoman and fortune teller.

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Heavy cavalry

Heavy cavalry is a class of cavalry whose primary role was to engage in direct combat with enemy forces, and are heavily armed and armoured compared to light cavalry.

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Hedda von Fersen

Hedvig "Hedda" Eleonora von Fersen (2 July 1753 – 8 November 1792, Pisa) was a Swedish noble, lady in waiting to the Swedish queen, Sophia Magdalena of Denmark.

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Hedvig Catharina von Fersen

Hedvig Catharina von Fersen, née De la Gardie (Stockholm, 20 May 1732–Stockholm, 24 April 1800) was a Swedish noble.

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Hedvig Eleonora Klingenstierna

Hedvig Eleonora Beata Klingenstierna (born 1660), was a Swedish noblewoman.

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Hedvig Eleonora Stenbock

Hedvig Eleonora Stenbock (1658–1714) was a Swedish noblewoman and lady-in-waiting; daughter of Count Erik Stenbock and related to queen Katarina Stenbock; sister of the political salonist Magdalena Stenbock.

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Heiligenburg Castle

Heiligenburg Castle (Burg Heiligenburg) is a castle on the hill of Heiligenberg in the district of Schwalm-Eder-Kreis, Hesse, Germany.

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Heinrich Moritz Max Freiherr von Beschwitz

Heinrich Moritz Max Freiherr von Beschwitz (Otzdorf, 23 December 1859 – Schloss Arnsdorf, 22 July 1944), Lord of Arnsdorf with Gersdorf (now part of Ottendorf-Okrilla) and Ottendorf in the Kingdom of Saxony, was a German Military and Nobleman, son of Moritz Wilhelm Wolf Freiherr von Beschwitz and his wife Alexandra von Hesse.

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Helena of Skövde

Saint Helena, sometimes Saint Helen of Sköfde (Elin av Skövde) (c. 1101-1160), was a Swedish local Catholic saint.

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Helena Pedersdatter Strange

Helena Pedersdotter Strange (Danish: Helene; in Sweden also called Queen Elin) (ca. 1200–1255) was a Swedish Queen Consort, spouse of King Canute II of Sweden and of a Danish noble family later called Ulfeldt.

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Helene Kottanner

Helene Kottanner (née Wolfram; Kottaner Ilona; c. 1400 – after 1470) was a Hungarian courtier and writer.

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Helmet

A helmet is a form of protective gear worn to protect the head from injuries.

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Helmet (heraldry)

In heraldic achievements, the helmet or helm is situated above the shield and bears the torse and crest.

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Henan Jeong clan

Henan Jeong clan is one of the Korean clans.

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Hendrick van Brederode

Henry (Hendrik), Lord of Bréderode (December 1531 – 15 February 1568) was a member of the Dutch noble family Van Brederode and an important member during the Eighty Years' War.

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Hennin

The hennin (henninck ‘cock’ (cf. English lastname: Hancock) > hennin) was a headdress in the shape of a cone or "steeple", or truncated cone worn in the late Middle Ages by European women of the nobility.

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Henri de Boulainvilliers

Henri de Boulainvilliers (21 October 1658, Saint-Saire, Normandy – 23 January 1722, Paris) was a French nobleman, writer and historian.

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Henri de Brouckère

Jonkheer Henri Ghislain Joseph Marie Hyacinthe de Brouckère (25 January 1801 – 25 January 1891) was a Belgian nobleman and liberal politician.

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Henri de Saint-Nectaire

Henri, marquis de Saint-Nectaire (born 1667; died 1 April 1746) was a French nobleman, soldier and diplomat.

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Henrich Krummedige

Henrich Krummedige (also recorded as Hinrik, Henrik or Henry with surname variations including Krummedike and Krummendiek), was born circa 1464 in Norway and died in 1530.

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Henrietta Hyde, Countess of Rochester

Henrietta Hyde, Countess of Rochester (née Boyle; 1646 – 12 April 1687) was an English noblewoman.

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Henriette Marie of the Palatinate

Henriette Marie, Princess Palatine (17 July 1626, The Hague, Netherlands – 18 September 1651, Sárospatak, Hungary) was a German noblewoman of the House of Wittelsbach.

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Henrik Magnus von Buddenbrock

Henrik Magnus von Buddenbrock (July 22, 1685 – between July 16 and July 27, 1743) was a Swedish baron and Lieutenant General.

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Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark

Prince Henrik of Denmark (born Henri Marie Jean André de Laborde de Monpezat; 11 June 1934 – 13 February 2018) was the husband of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark.

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Henrique da Veiga de Nápoles

Henrique Esteves da Veiga de Nápoles, 2nd Lord of the Honour of Molelos (1449–1520) was a Portuguese nobleman and wealthy land owner, the eldest son of Henrique Esteves da Veiga de Nápoles, and therefore scion of the main branch of the Portuguese de Nápoles family.

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Henrique Esteves da Veiga de Nápoles

Henrique Esteves da Veiga de Nápoles, 1st Lord of the Honour of Molelos (1438–1502) was a Portuguese nobleman, privy counsellor and military, the eldest son of João Esteves da Veiga de Nápoles and his wife Leonor Anes de Vasconcelos.

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Henry Arundell, 8th Baron Arundell of Wardour

Henry Arundell, 8th Baron Arundell of Wardour (31 March 1740 – 4 December 1808) was a British nobleman in the 18th century.

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Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford

Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford (1176 – 1 June 1220) was an Anglo-Norman nobleman.

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Henry de Grey

Sir Henry de Grey of Grays Thurrock, Essex (1155–1219) was a favourite courtier of King John of England.

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Henry de Lacy, 3rd Earl of Lincoln

Henry de Lacy, 3rd Earl of Lincoln, Baron of Pontefract (c.1251 – February 1311) was an English nobleman and confidant of King Edward I 'Longshanks'.

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Henry Gage, 5th Viscount Gage

Henry Charles Gage, 5th Viscount Gage (2 April 1854 – 18 April 1912) was Viscount Gage of Firle Place during the early 20th century.

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Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk

Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, 3rd Marquess of Dorset (17 January 1517 – 23 February 1554), was an English courtier and nobleman of the Tudor period.

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Henry Herbert, 7th Earl of Carnarvon

Henry George Reginald Molyneux Herbert, 7th Earl of Carnarvon (19 January 1924Peter W. Hammond, editor, The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV: Addenda & Corrigenda (Stroud, Gloucestershire, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 1998), p. 150 – 11 September 2001Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition, volume 1, p. 699) was a British peer and racing manager to Queen Elizabeth II from 1969.

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Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor

Henry IV (Heinrich IV; 11 November 1050 – 7 August 1106) became King of the Germans in 1056.

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Henry Mountcharles

The Most Hon. Henry Vivien Pierpont Conyngham, 8th Marquess Conyngham (born 25 May 1951), styled as Earl of Mount Charles from 1974–2009 and predominantly known as Henry Mountcharles, is an Anglo-Irish nobleman who holds titles in the Peerages of Ireland and the United Kingdom.

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Henry Norris (courtier)

Sir Henry Norris (or Norreys) (c. 1482 – 17 May 1536) was a Groom of the Stool in the privy chamber of King Henry VIII.

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Henry of Masovia

Henry of Masovia (Henryk mazowiecki) (1368/1370–1392/1393) was a noble and a bishop of the Kingdom of Poland.

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Henry Stanhope, Lord Stanhope

Henry Stanhope, Lord Stanhope KB (died 29 November 1634), known as Sir Henry Stanhope until 1628, was an English nobleman and politician.

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Henry V (1989 film)

Henry V is a 1989 British historical drama film adapted for the screen and directed by Kenneth Branagh, based on William Shakespeare's play of the same name about King Henry V of England.

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Henryk Baran

Henryk Baran is a scholar, author, and professor currently at the State University of New York, Albany (SUNY) holding a position in the Department of Languages, Literature & Culture.

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Henryk z Wierzbnej

Henry of Wierzbna also known as Henry of Wierzbnej or Heinrich von Würben was a Bishop of Wrocław in Poland from 1302-1319AD.

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Heorhiy Narbut

Heorhiy Narbut (Георгій Іванович Нарбут, in Narbutivka — 23 May 1920 in Kiev) was the most important Ukrainian graphic designer of the twentieth century.

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Herald

A herald, or a herald of arms, is an officer of arms, ranking between pursuivant and king of arms.

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Heraldic visitation

Heraldic visitations were tours of inspection undertaken by Kings of Arms (and more often by junior officers of arms (or Heralds) as deputies) throughout England, Wales and Ireland.

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Heraldry

Heraldry is a broad term, encompassing the design, display, and study of armorial bearings (known as armory), as well as related disciplines, such as vexillology, together with the study of ceremony, rank, and pedigree.

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Hereditary title

Hereditary titles, in a general sense, are titles of nobility, positions or styles that are hereditary and thus tend or are bound to remain in particular families.

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Hermann of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich

Prince Herman Adolf of Solms-Lich-Hohensolms (15 April 1838 in Brtnice – 16 September 1899 in Lich, Hesse) was a German nobleman from the House of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich and a politician.

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Hermano José Braamcamp de Almeida Castelo Branco

Hermano José Braamcamp de Almeida Castelo-Branco, 5th Lord, 2nd Baron, 1st Viscount and 1st Count of Sobral, 5th Lord of the Majorat of Sobral, 3rd Lord of the Majorat of Luz, ComC (16 September 1775 – 2 February 1846), Chief of the Name and Arms of da Cruz Sobral, was a Portuguese nobleman and politician.

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Hernán Cortés

Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro Altamirano, Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (1485 – December 2, 1547) was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of what is now mainland Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th century.

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Hero Oomkens von Esens

Hero Oomkens von Esens (c. 1455 – 1522) was a Frisian nobleman, the Earl of Harlingerland.

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Herrengasse

The Herrengasse (meaning in German language: "Street of the Lords" or "Lords Lane") is a street in Vienna, located in the first district Innere Stadt.

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Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire (often abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.

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Heungyang O clan

Heungyang O clan was one of the Korean clans.

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Hidalgo (nobility)

An hidalgo or a fidalgo is a member of the Spanish or Portuguese nobility; the feminine forms of the terms are hidalga, in Spanish, and fidalga, in Portuguese and Galician.

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Hilla von Rebay

Hildegard Anna Augusta Elisabeth Freiin Rebay von Ehrenwiesen, known as Baroness Hilla von Rebay or simply Hilla Rebay (31 May 1890 – 27 September 1967), was an abstract artist in the early 20th century and co-founder and first director of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum.

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Hime

Hime (姫) is the Japanese word for "princess", or more literally "demoiselle", i.e. a (usually young) lady of higher birth.

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Hippolytus (archbishop of Gniezno)

Hippolytus or Hipolit (died c. 1027) was an early medieval archbishop of Gniezno.

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Hirsch von Pomischel

Hirsch von Pomischel (Pomyschl, Pomichal, Pomykal, Pomeiske) is the name of a noble family historically active in the Kingdom of Bohemia.

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History and culture of breastfeeding

The history and culture of breastfeeding traces changing social, medical and legal attitudes to breastfeeding, the act of feeding a child breast milk directly from breast to mouth.

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History of Andorra

Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra (Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate in Southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France.

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History of banking

The history of banking began with the first prototype banks were the merchants of the world, who made grain loans to farmers and traders who carried goods between cities.

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History of Bates College

The history of Bates College began shortly before Bates College's founding on March 16, 1855, in Lewiston, Maine.

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History of citizenship

History of citizenship describes the changing relation between an individual and the state, commonly known as citizenship.

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History of clothing in India

Indians have mainly worn clothing made up of locally grown cotton.

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History of Denmark

The history of Denmark as a unified kingdom began in the 8th century, but historic documents describe the geographic area and the people living there—the Danes—as early as 500 AD.

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History of Dorset

Dorset is a rural county in south west England.

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History of English land law

The history of English land law can be traced into Roman times, and through the Dark Ages under Saxon monarchs where, as for most of human history, land was the dominant source of personal wealth.

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History of Europe

The history of Europe covers the peoples inhabiting Europe from prehistory to the present.

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History of Luzon

The history of Luzon covers events that happened in the largest island of the Philippine Archipelago, Luzon.

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History of Malta

Malta has a long history and was first inhabited in around 5900 BC.

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History of Maramureș

Maramureș (in Romanian; Dacian