HMAS Sydney (R17)

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An aircraft carrier travelling at slow speed. Naval personnel in black uniforms are lined up on the forward half of the flight deck, while propeller aircraft with folded wings crowd the back half.
HMAS Sydney di Port Melbourne, 1949
(Australia)
Asal nama: City of Sydney
Pembangun: HM Dockyard Devonport, England
Pasang lunas: 19 April 1943
Diluncurkan: 30 September 1944
Mulai berlayar: 16 December 1948
Dipensiunkan: 30 May 1958
Berlayar kembali: 7 March 1962
Dipensiunkan: 12 November 1973
Reklasifikasi:
  • Training ship
  • (22 April 1955)
  • Fast troop transport
  • (7 March 1962)
Motto: "Thorough and Ready"
Julukan:
  • Vung Tau Ferry
  • (as fast troop transport)
Penghargaan:
  • Battle honours:
  • Korea 1951–52
  • Malaysia 1964
  • Vietnam 1965–72
  • plus seven inherited honours
  • Nasib: Sold for scrap in 1975
    Lencana:
    Ciri-ciri umum as aircraft carrier
    Kelas dan jenis: Majestic-class aircraft carrier
    Berat benaman:
    • 15,740 tons (standard)
    • 19,550 tons (deep)
    Panjang:
  • 630 ft (190 m) between perpendiculars
  • 698 ft (213 m) overall
  • Lebar: 80 ft (24 m)
    Daya muat: 25 ft (7,6 m)
    Pendorong:
    Kecepatan: 24,8 knot (45,9 km/h; 28,5 mph)
    Awak kapal:
    • 1,100 (peace)
    • 1,300 (war)
    • Both include Fleet Air Arm personnel
    Sensor dan
    sistem pemroses:
  • 2 × 227Q
  • 1 × 293M
  • 1 × 960/281BQ
  • 1 × 961
  • Senjata: 30 × Bofors 40 mm guns (18 single mountings, 6 twin mountings)
    Pesawat yang
    diangkut:
    Up to 38 aircraft
    Catatan: Taken from:[1][2]
    Ciri-ciri umum as fast troop transport
    Jenis: Fast Troop Transport
    Berat benaman:
    • 14,380 tons (standard)
    • 19,550 tons (full load)
    Kapal dan pesawat
    yang diangkut:
  • 6 × LCM Mark VI
  • (1968 onwards)
  • Awak kapal:
  • 544 core
  • Increased to 1000 when required
  • Senjata: 4 × Bofors 40 mm guns (4 single mountings)
    Pesawat yang
    diangkut:
    4 × Wessex helicopters (occasionally embarked)
    Catatan:
    • Other characteristics as above
    • Taken from:[1][2]

    HMAS Sydney (R17/A214/P214/L134) adalah sebuah kapal induk ringan kelas-Majestic yang dimiliki oleh Angkatan Laut Australia (Royal Australian Navy, RAN). Kapal ini awalnya dibuat untuk Angkatan Laut Britania Raya sebagai HMS Terrible (93) dan mulai meluncur pada 1944, namun pembangunan kapal ini tidak selesai sebelum berakhirnya Perang Dunia II. Kapal induk ini lalu dijual ke Australia pada 1947, lalu pembangunanya diselesaikan dan mulai beroperasi di AL Australia dengan nama Sydney pada 1948.

    Sydney adalah kapal induk konvensional pertama yang diperasikan AL Australia, dan misinya termasuk operasi dalam Perang Korea, mengirimkan pasokan untuk mendukung Malaysia dalam Konfrontasi Indonesia-Malaysia, serta transportasi tentara dan perlengkapan dalam Perang Vietnam. Kapal ini berhenti beroperasi pada 1973. Pada 1975, Sydney dijual ke sebuah pabrik baja Korea Selatan sebagai rongsokan untuk dihancurkan.

    Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

    Buku
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    • Bastock, John (1975). Australia's Ships of War. Cremorne, NSW: Angus and Robertson. ISBN 0-207-12927-4. OCLC 2525523. 
    • Blackman, Raymond (ed.) (1968). Jane's Fleet Guide (1968–69). Jane's Fleet Guide (edisi ke-71st). London: Jane's Publishing Company. OCLC 123786869. 
    • Cassells, Vic (2000). The Capital Ships: their battles and their badges. East Roseville, NSW: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7318-0941-6. OCLC 48761594. 
    • Cecil, Michael K. (2009). Mud & Dust: Australian Army Vehicles & Artillery in Vietnam. Chatswood, NSW: New Holland. ISBN 978-1-74110-767-8. OCLC 460219619. 
    • Dennis, Peter; Grey, Jeffrey; Morris, Ewan; Prior, Robin (2008). The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (edisi ke-2nd). South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-551784-2. OCLC 271822831. 
    • Donohue, Hector (October 1996). From Empire Defence to the Long Haul: post-war defence policy and its impact on naval force structure planning 1945–1955. Papers in Australian Maritime Affairs (No. 1). Canberra: Sea Power Centre. ISBN 0-642-25907-0. ISSN 1327-5658. OCLC 36817771. 
    • Fairfax, Denis (1980). Navy in Vietnam: a record of the Royal Australian Navy in the Vietnam War 1965–1972. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. ISBN 0-642-02821-4. OCLC 9854447. 
    • Frame, Tom (2004). No Pleasure Cruise: the story of the Royal Australian Navy. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-74114-233-4. OCLC 55980812. 
    • Frame, Tom (1992). Pacific Partners: a history of Australian-American naval relations. Rydalmere, NSW: Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-56685-X. OCLC 27433673. 
    • Frame, Tom (1992). Where fate calls: the HMAS Voyager tragedy. Rydalmere, NSW: Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-54968-8. OCLC 26806228. 
    • Frame, Tom; Baker, Kevin (2000). Mutiny! Naval Insurrections in Australia and New Zealand. St. Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86508-351-8. OCLC 46882022. 
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    • Gillett, Ross (1977). Warships of Australia. MacDougall, Anthony; Graham, Colin (illustrations). Adelaide, SA: Rigby. ISBN 0-7270-0472-7. OCLC 4466019. 
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    • Hall, Timothy (1982). HMAS Melbourne. North Sydney, NSW: George Allen & Unwin. ISBN 0-86861-284-7. OCLC 9753221. 
    • Ham, Paul (2007). Vietnam: the Australian war. Pymble, NSW: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-7322-8237-0. OCLC 225613062. 
    • Hobbs, David (2005). "HMAS Sydney (III): a symbol of Australia's growing maritime capability". Dalam Stevens, David; Reeve, John. The Navy and the Nation: the influence of the Navy on modern Australia. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-74114-200-8. OCLC 67872922. 
    • Lind, Lew (1986) [1982]. The Royal Australian Navy: Historic Naval Events Year by Year (edisi ke-2nd). Frenchs Forest, NSW: Reed Books. ISBN 0-7301-0071-5. OCLC 16922225. 
    • MacDougall, Anthony K. (2002) [1991]. Australians at War: a pictorial history (edisi ke-2nd). Noble Park, VIC: The Five Mile Press. ISBN 1-86503-865-2. OCLC 51053454. 
    • McCaffrie, Jack (2007). "Korea: The first challenge for Australian naval aviation". Dalam Stevens, David; Reeve, John. Sea Power ashore and in the air. Ultimo, NSW: Halstead Press. ISBN 978-1-920831-45-5. OCLC 271328006. 
    • Nott, Rodney; Payne, Noel (2008) [1994]. The Vung Tau Ferry: HMAS Sydney and Escort Ships (edisi ke-4th). Dural, NSW: Rosenberg. ISBN 978-1-877058-72-1. OCLC 254773862. 
    • Pfennigwerth, Ian (2008). Tiger Territory: The untold story of the Royal Australian Navy in Southeast Asia from 1948 to 1971. Kenthurst, NSW: Rosenberg. ISBN 978-1-877058-65-3. OCLC 191754413. 
    • Stevens, David, ed. (2001). The Royal Australian Navy. The Australian Centenary History of Defence (vol III). South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-555542-2. OCLC 50418095. 
      • Cooper, Alastair. "The Korean War Era" and "The Era of Forward Defence". The Royal Australian Navy. 
      • Jones, Peter. "Towards Self Reliance". The Royal Australian Navy. 
    • Wright, Anthony (June 1998) [1978]. Australian Carrier Decisions: the acquisition of HMA Ships Albatross, Sydney and Melbourne. Papers in Australian Maritime Affairs (No. 4). Canberra: Sea Power Centre. ISBN 0-642-29503-4. ISSN 1327-5658. OCLC 39641731. 
    Jurnal dan berita
    Situs web dan siaran pers
    1. ^ a b Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama Janes68
    2. ^ a b Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama Cassells164.5