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]£i1)ibition 

OF THE 

Royal House of Stuart. 




MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS, HY JANET. 
{Fivin the Royal Collection at Windsor^) 

See No. 212. 



The New Gallery, 

Recre72t Street. 



1889. 



patron. 
HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN. 

THE GENERAL COMMITTEE, 
presibent. 

THE EARL OF ASHBURNHAM, F.S.A. 



Mcc^pvc5it)cnt5, 



The Marquess of Lothian, K.T., 
LL.D., Secretary for Scotland, Pres. 
Soc. of Antiquaries, Scotland. 

The Earl of Wharncliffe. 



The Earl of Crawford, LL.D., 
F.R.S., V.-P. Society of Antiquaries. 
Charles Magniac, Esq. 



The Duke of Abercorn, C.B. 

Hamilton Aid^, Esq. 

J. Anderson, Esq., LL.D., Assist. Sec. of 

Society of Antiquaries, Scotland. 
Lord Arundell of Wardoqr. 
Lord Balfour of Burleigh. 
The Duke of Berwick and Alva. 
E. A. Bond, Esq., C.B., LL.D., F.S.A. 
Sir Algernon Borthwick, Bart., M.P. 
Lady Borthwick. 

The Marchioness of Breadalbane. 
Lord Brave. 
Rev. William Bruce, F.S.A., Scot., of 

Dunimarle, Culross. 
The Duke of Buccleuch, K.T. 
Sir Bernard Burke, C.B., LL.D., Ulster 

King of Arms. 
George Burnett, Esq., LL.D., Lyon 

King of Arms. 
Sir Frederick W. Burton, R.H.A., 

F.S.A., Director of the National Gallery. 
The Marquess of Bute, K.T., LL.D. 
Lord James Wandesford Butler. 
The Earl of Castlestuart. 
Lady Margaret Charteris. 
Lord Clifford of Chudleigh. 
Col. George H. Colomb, R.A., F.S.A. 



Ernest Radclyffe Crump, Esq. 

Lady Elizabeth Cust. 

Charles Elphinstone Dalrymple, Esq., 

F.S.A., Scotland. 
The Earl of Darnley. 
The Duke of Devonshire, K.G., LL.D., 

F.R.S. 
Thomas Dickson, Esq., LL.D., Curator of 

the Historical and Antiquarian Depart- 
ment, General Register House, Edin. 
Hon. Harold Dillon, Sec. Society of 

Antiquaries. 
Sir Thomas N. Dick-Lauder, Bart. 
Sir William Fettes Douglas, LL.D., 

President of Royal Scottish Academy. 
Henry E. Doyle, Esq., C.B., R.H.A., 

Director of National Gallery of Ireland. 
James E. Doyle, Esq. 
Mrs. Stratford Dugdale. 
John Evans, Esq., D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.S. , 

President Society of Antiquaries. 
Right Hon. Sir James Fergusson, Bart., 

M.P., G.C.S.L, K.C.M.G., CLE. 
James Ferguson, Esq., Younger, of 

Kinmundy. 
J. R. FiNDLAY, Esq , Hon. Sec. Society of 

Antiquaries, Scotland. 



■"DA 

iff L(o 



UJ\lVh;KMIY V\' ( -A) IKOKNIA 
SANTA BAllJAllA COLLEGE LlBIiARY 



The Due de Fitzjames. 

C. Drury E. Fortnum, Esq., V.P. Society 

of Antiquaries. 
Robert E. Francillon, Esq. 
Sir William Eraser, K.C.B., LL.D., 

Deputy Keeper of the Records, Scotland. 
J, T. Gilbert, Esq., F.S.A., M.R.LA. 
Lord Ronald Gower, F.S.A., Trustee of 

National Portrait Gallery. 
The Earl of Granard, K.P. 
J. M. Gray, Esq., F.S.A. Scot., Curator of 

Scottish National Portrait Gallery. 
Everard Green, Esq , F.S.A. 
H. A. Grueber, Esq., F.S.A., Medal De- 
partment, British Museum. 
The Marquess of Hartington, M.P., 

D.C.L., LL.D. 
Hon. Claude G. Hay. 
Lord Herries. 
J. Cashel Hoey, Esq., C.M.G. 
Richard R. Holmes, Esq., F.S.A., 

Libiarian, Windsor. 
J. M. HOWDEN, Esq., F.S.A. Scot. 
The Dowager Marchioness of Huntly. 
Henry Jenner, Esq., F.S.A., British 

Museum. 
Sir Thomas Jones, Knt., President of 

Royal Hibernian Academy. 
Col. J. Grant Kinloch, of Kibrie & Logie. 
The Earl of Kintore, F.R.S., Scot, 

F.R.G.S. 
Lord Lamington. 
Very Rev. J. Cameron Lees, D.D., Dean 

of Scottish Chapel Royal. 
Lord Leigh, LL.D. 
Sir Frederic Leighton, Bart., President 

of the Royal Academy. 
The Duke of Leinster. 
Col. the Hon. C. H. Lindsay, C.B. 
The Marquess of Londonderry, Lord 

Lieutenant of Ireland. 
H. C. Maxwell Lyte, Esq., C.B., F.S.A., 

Deputy Keeper of the Public Record?. 
Justin McCarthy, Esq., M.P. 
The Mackintosh of Mackintosh. 
Viscountess Maidstone. 
The Earl of Mar and Kellie. 



Charles Trice Martin, Esq., Record 
Office. 

Hon. Mrs. Maxwell-Scott. 

Sir Herbert Maxwell, Bart., M.P., F.S.A. 

Viscount Melville 

Sir John E. Millais, R.A., Bart. 

Lady Millais. 

A. B. Freeman-Mitford, Esq., C.B. 

Alfred Morrison, Esq., F.R.G.S. 

The Duke of Norfolk, K.G., Earl- 
Marshal. 

The Earl of Orford. 

Sir Noel Baton, R.S.A., LL.D., H.M. 
Limner for Scotland. 

R. W. Cochran Patrick, Esq.. LL.D., 
F.S.A., Under Secretary for Scotland, 
Hon. Sec. Society of Antiquaries, 
Scotland. 

Charles Penruddocke, Esq., F.G.H.S. 

The Duke of Portland. 

Viscount Powerscourt, K.P., M.R.LA. 

The Earl of Rosslyn. 

The Duke of St. Albans. 

Lady John Montagu-Douglas-Scott. 

G. SCHARF, Esq., C.B., F.S.A., Director and 
Secretary of National Portrait Gallery. 

George Seton, Esq , F.S.A. Scot. 

John Skelton, C.B., LL.D. 

Rev. Joseph Stevenson, S.J. 

The Earl of Strathmore and King- 

HORN. 

Edward Maunde Thompson, Esq., F.S.A., 
Principal Librarian and Secretary of the 
British Museum. 

W. Murray-Threipland, Esq.,of Fingask. 

J. Stewart Tytler, Esq., of Woodhouselec. 

Major the Right Hon. Sir Harry 
Verney, Bart., F.R.G.S. 

Lord Wantage, K.C.B., V.C. 

T. Humphry Ward, Esq. 

Louisa, Marchioness of Waterford. 

The Earl of Wemyss and March, LL.D. 

The Very Rev. the Dean of West- 
minster, D.D. 

Francis Whitgreavf, Esq., of Moseley.' 

Sir Albert Woods, C.B., F.S.A., Garter 
King of Arms. 



THE SUB-COMMITTEE. 



SCOTLAND. 
Ret. Wt-'-jlv Bx— ci. F.S-A.. 5r:-. 

Sis. W r--*v Fmrs Dorou^ LL..D. 

Sis. TTz^ -'av Fa.asz LL L 
T. M. G5LAT. Esc., F.S--_ r: 

Sir. Xtt." ?i.T:x, R-S_\- 11 1 

- ■ " Zsq-, F-S_A_ Sod:- 

J. SlE*rAiJ.T Tm.23L. Es.; - 

Hdci. Sec 



IRELAND. 

Losj> James W. Butleil 
Hexst R Doyle, Esq., CB.. R.H.A. 
The Eam. or Graxam), K.P. 
- - - -i£jt5 TOXES, Knt.. Ptk. R.H.A. 
/iE OF Leecster. 

7HZ MaR-'TESS of LOXDOXBESJIT. K.G. 

TrsTiK McCaxtht. Esq.. M.P. 

VlSCOITKT P0\O3tSCC>irRT. K.P., M.R.I_\ 
J. T. Gl^±7- Zfc . F.S-A^ M.R.I.A-, 



THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

Thz ~ -~' :r AsHSTTR^fHAv. F.5_\. 

Tee Marottess of Lothiax. K.T.. LL1D_ F.S-A. Scot 

Tee Easll of CRAiifT05i>. LL-D- F.R-S.. F.S_A 

Her >^ ; _: liL^y. r.S_\- 



H- A- G5.rEEE5- Esq- X.S.A, 

Ri-ZHASD S. Hq-ap^-S Esj-. F.S_A 
EESST JESITEIL Esq., F.S_A 
R. W. COCSRAS PatsicS- Esq- F.S.A. 
It - — - Z : . CB- RS JL 



CATALOGUE COMMITTEE 




\ - -. 



C. LIXD5AY. Es: 



PREFATORY X07Z 

The C:=ir:i:--r iJir Szi^n Z l : ; 






Prefatory Note. 



The Committee have to thank Mr. F. G. Stephens for his valuable and 
copious notes on the pictures and on many of the personal relics, and 
Mr. G, Scharf, C.B., for his most kind assistance in the selection of the 
more important historical portraits. They also have to thank Mr. H. A. 
Grueber, Mr. H. Jenner, the Hon. Harold Dillon, Mr. Everard Green, 
and Mr. R. R. Holmes, respectively, for the portions of the catalogue 
relating to coins and medals, manuscripts and printed books, arms 
and armour, and miniatures, and for their general services in the 
classification and arrangement of the objects of exhibition. Thanks are 
also due to the Directors of the New Gallery, Mr. C. E. Halle and Mr. J. 
Comyns Carr, and its Secretary, Mr. J. W. Beck, for the hanging of the 
pictures and their cordial co-operation ; to Mr. E. R. Crump, Mr, W. St. 
John Hope, Mr. I. Spielman, Mr. C. H. Read, Mrs. H. A. Grueber, 
and Mrs. H. Jenner, for assistance in the arrangement of the Exhibi- 
tion ; and to Mr. Leonard C. Lindsay, the Secretary of the Committee, 
for his continued and valuable services in every department. The Com- 
mittee are also much indebted to Mr. J. M. Gray, Mr. George Seton, 
Mr. J. M. Howden, Hon. Sec, and other Members of the Scottish and Irish 
sub-committees, for important help in procuring objects for Exhibition. 

The Exhibition will remain open to the public till the 31st March, 
from 10 to 7 daily. 



TABLE OF CONTEMPORARY SOVEREIGNS OF ENGLAND AND 

SCOTLAND. 

From the Foiirtee7ith to the Nineteenth Century. 



England. 

1 

1 




Reigned. 


Scotland. 


Reigned. 


EdwardIIL, born 1312 




1327—12,77 1 I 


Robert II., bo 


rn 1316 . . 


1371 — 1390 


Richard IL „ 1366 




1377— 1399 ' 






• 






1 I 


lOBERT III. , 


1340 . . 


1390—1406 


i Henrv IV. ,, 1366 




1399-1413 L 












J 


AMES I. , 


1394 • • 


1406—1437 


Henry V. „ 1388 




1413 — 1422 








Henry VL ,, 142 1 




1422 — 1461 












J 


AMES II. , 


1430 . . 


1437— 1460 






1 J 


AMES III. , 


1453 • • 


1460—1488 


Edward IV. „ 1441 




1461 — 1483 1 








Edward V. „ 1470 




1483—1483 ; 








Richard III. „ 1452 




1483— 1485 








Henry VII. ,, 1457 




J 485— 1509 












', J 


AMES IV. , 


1473 • • 


1488 — 1513 


Henry VIII. „ 1491 




1509— 1547 \. 












. i! J 


AMES V. „ 


1512 . . 


1513— 1542 1 






!l J 


^ARY „ 


1542 . . 


1542—1567 


Edward VI. „ 1537 




1547 — 1553 ;i 






d IS87 


Mary „ 1516 




1553— 1558 II 








Elizabeth „ 1533 




1558-1603 i 












'1 J 


AMES VI. „ 


1566 . . 


1567—1625 


1 
E 


NG 


'LAND AND 


SCOTLAND 






James I. born 


1566 .... 


Reigned. 






1603 — 1625 


Charles I. 


T> 


1600 






1625—1649 






Charles II. 


tt 


1630 






16^9 — 1685 






James II. 


)) 


1633 






1685—1688 


Died 1701. 1 


William III. 


■>1 


1650 






16S9 — 1702 






{James III. 


•>■> 


26SS 






1701—1766) 


Not crowned. | 


Anne 


•>■) 


1664 






1702— 1714 






George I. 


3) 


1660 






1714— 1727 






George II. 


?) 


1683 






1727—1760 






George III. 


fl 


1738 






1760 — 1820 






{Charles III. 


>> 


//20 






1766— 1788) 


Not crowned. 


{Henry IX. 


J) 


^725 






17SS—1807) 


Not crowned. 



aiTan^cnicnt of tbe lEybibition. 



WEST GALLERY. 

Pictures— Nos. 1—90 (Robert II. to Charles I.). — Pages 9-36. 

Case A — Miniatures (Mary, Queen of Scots, to William III.). — Pages 65-74. 

„ B — Relics of Mary, Queen of Scots. — Pages 7S-77- 

„ C — Relics of Mary, Queen of Scots, Mary of Lorraine, and Henry, 
Lord Darnley. — Pages 78-85. 

„ D — Needlework and Miniatures. — Pages 85-86. 

„ E — Relics of the Beheading of Charles I. — Pages 86-89, 

„ F — Relics of Charles I., Montrose, &c. — Pages 90-91, 217. 

„ G — Relics of James I., Charles I., &c. — Pages 91-98, 217-220. 

NORTH GALLERY. 

Pictures — Nos. 91 — 212 (Charles II. to Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York, 

Henry IX.). — Pages 37-64. 
Case H — Relics of Charles II., James II., &c. — Pages 98-102, 220-222. 

„ I — Relics of Prince James (James HI. and VIII.) and Prince Charles 

Edward (Charles HI.). — Pages 102-111, 222-224. 
„ J — Relics of Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.) and Flora 

Macdonald. — Pages 111-115, 224-225. 
„ K — Relics of Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX.). 

— Pages II 6- II 8, 226. 
„ L — Miniatures of Prince James (James HI. and VIII.), Prince Charles 

Edward (Charles HI.), &c. — Pages 119-128, 227. 
„ M — Relics of Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.). — Page 129. 
„ O — Coins and Medals. — Pages 178-216. 

CENTRAL HALL. 

Armour, Furniture, &c. — Pages 132-135, 236. 
Case N — Arms, Weapons, &c. — Pages 129- 131. 

„ P — Books of Charles I., &c. — Pages 228-229. 

„ Q — Needlework of Mary, Queen of Scots. — Page .230. 

„ R — Relics of Prince Charles Edward (Charles HI.). — Pages 230-231. 

BALCONY. 

Prints, Manuscripts, Books, Seals, &c. — Pages 136-177, 232-235. 




CATALOGUE. 



The Numbers cojnmence in the West Gallery, and co7iti7iuc frovi left to right ; 
those from 1038 ivill be found in the Supplement, p. 217. 

*^* Throughout the Catalogue in describifig the pictures and medals, the 
RIGHT and the LEFT mean those of the spectator facing the portrait. 
His or her apply strictly to the persons represented. 



WEST GALLERY. 



1. Robert II., 1371 — 1390. 

27 X 23 in. 

2. Robert III., 1390 — 1406, 

27 X 22 in. 

3. James I., 1406 — 1437. 

26 X 23 in. 

4. James II., 1437 — 1460. 

27 X 23 in. 

5. James III., 1460 — 1488. 

27 X 23 in. 

6. James V., 15 13— 1542. 

27 X 23 in. 



A sequence of imaginary portraits of the 
Kings of the House of Stuart, 
traditionally regarded as having 
been painted by George Jamesone 
for Charles I., who, when he 
visited Edinburgh in 1633, was 
welcomed by the magistrates with 
an exhibition of portraits by this 
artist, to whom the King sat for a 
full-length portrait. 



According to the Black Book of Taymouth, as quoted by Mr. Bulloch in his Life of 
Jameson, 1885, p. 92, Sir Colin Campbell employed the " Scottish Van Dyck" to paint 
sixteen portraits, and. later, nine more. Thus, "//<?;«. The saide Sir Coline Campbell gave 



lo Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



untoe George Jameson, painter in Edinburgh, for King Robert and King David Bruysses, 
Kings of Scotland, and Charles ist, King of Great Brittan, France and Ireland, and his 
Majesties Ouein, and for nine more of the Oueins of Scotland their portraits, quhilks 
are set up in the halles of Balloch, the sum of two hundreth thrie scor punds " 
Jamesone was a follower of Rubens and Van Dyck, and the first painter who 
worked in Scotland in a manner resembling that of the former master. He was 
much employed by the Scottish nobles ; many of his pictures are at Taymouth Castle, 
the seat of the Marquess of Breadalbane. Born in Aberdeen in 1 586, he died at Edinburgh 
in 1644, and was buried there in the Church of the Grey Friars. Mr. Bulloch, as above, 
catalogued one hundred and ninety of Jamesone's still extant pictures, which are nearly 
all in Scotland. 

The well-known apocryphal series of the kings of Scotland in the long Gallery 
at Holyrood Palace (no in number), was painted in 1684 by a Fleming named James 
de Witt. His contract with the Government to supply them on canvas in oil colours is 
still in existence. 

Lent by The Marquess of Lothian, K.T. 
7. James III. 

King James IIL appears to the waist, in three-quarters view to right, wearing a 
dark hat, with an enseigne, a dark mantle lined with white over a vest of cloth of gold. 
From a gold neck-chain hangs the badge of the Order of the Thistle. On the side is 
written, " JACOBUS 3 D. G. R. SCOTORUM." 14 X ID in. 

Lent by F. Mackenzie Eraser, Esq., of 
Castle Eraser. 

8. Two Wings or Doors of a Triptych. The centre wanting. 
Formerly in the Collegiate Church of the Holy Trinity, Edinburgh, 
called the King's Chapel, which building was demolished in 1848. 
Two separate leaves painted on panel prepared with gesso, each 
six feet ten inches by three feet eight inches. Possibly by Van 
DER Goes, circa 1480. 

(<^) The Vision of The Holy Trinity to 

\b) Sir Edward Bonkle, l^riest, Provost of the College 

1 462- 1 496. 
{c) James HI. of Scotland, 145 3-1488, and his Son, afterwards 

James IV. 1473-15 13. 

{d) Margaret of Denmark, Consort of James III. Married, 
July, 1469. 

{a) The dexter outside wing. God the Father and God the Holy Ghost manifesting 
the dead body of God the Son. The Eternal Father is represented under the emblem 
of a man of co-equal age with His Eternal Son. He wears a red robe, and red mantle lined 
with green. The hair is long and is auburn. The beard is short and pointed. There is 
no crown. The Holy Ghost is depicted under the emblem of a nimbed white dove with 
wings outstretched, hovering over the head of the dead Christ, who is upheld by the 
hands of the Father. There is no crown of thorns. The wound-prints in the hands and feet 



WEST GALLERY.] Portraits. 1 1 



are open, and with the right hand the world's Redeemer points to His riven side 
and closes the now bloodless wound. The Father is seated on a golden throne, on the 
dais or step of which lies a crystal orb of empire and divided into three by gold 
bands. At the back of the throne are two crystal pillars with gilt caps and bases, 
surmounted by crystals cut in facets. The sky above is painted to represent the after- 
glow of the going down of the sun, and a cumulus cloud of deep blue surrounds the 
whole picture, certain portions of which have at least once been repainted. 

[b) The sinister outside wing. Kneeling (in the South Transept of his Collegiate 
Church, and just outside the stone rood screen, on which the Annunciation and Coro- 
nation of our Lady are carved) is the figure of Sir Edward Bonkle, priest, first Provost 
of the Collegiate Church, Confessor to the Oueen, and donor of the Triptych. He 
is in the prime of life. He is clean shaven, and wears the tonsure, and has a fine linen 
surplice over his furred pelisse. His almuce of grey squirrel's fur hangs over his left 
arm and is admirably painted. His hands are joined in prayer, on the third finger 
of left is a gold ring, the large chaton of which is set with a ruby. Behind the 
Provost is an organ with seventeen pipes in front, set in a gilt wooden case, and 
standing on a dark wooden base at the entrance of the transept. In front of the organ, 
over the key board, is an open book bound in red, on which the first verse of the hymn, 
O Lux Beaia Trinitas, is given, together with the plain chant notes. An angel with 
jewelled circlet and with green wings, white amice and alb, who is seated on an oak 
trestle stool on which is a shield charged with the Bonkle arms — azure, a chevron argent 
between three buckles or has the right hand on the key-board, and gives the Provost 
the note for intoning the hymn, whilst touching the Provost with the left hand as if to 
remind him that worship is due for the open vision vouchsafed to him of the Holy 
Trinity. Another angel with peacock green wings erect, amice and alb, stands on the 
floor of the Church working the bellows. (Maitland, in History of Edinbi/rgh, gives 
exterior view of this Collegiate Church.) 

{c) Within a church, and kneeling under a cloth of estate, or traverse, of red colour, is 
the figure of James IIL, King of Scotland, attended by his son, afterwards James IV., 
who kneels behind him, whilst at his back is S. Andrew the Apostle, the heavenly 
patron of the Scottish kingdom. The king kneels in front of a trestle desk, covered with 
dark blue drapery, on which is an open illuminated Latin Book of Hours, supported by a 
gold-tasseled black cushion. His hands are joined in prayer, and thumb crosses thumb. 
Over a robe of red baudekin cloth with brown fur cuffs, is a mantle of 1 iliac hue lined 
with ermine, over which is an ermine tippet sewn in narrow strips, and fastened by a 
triangular shaped jewel of great beauty, from which three large pearls depend. In the 
dexter corner of the picture at the top, are the arms and crest of Scotland ; the artist 
has omitted the double tressure in chief, thus giving more importance to the red 
lion of Scotland, which like the red lion of the crest, faces sinister instead of dexter. 
S. Andrew stands erect against his saltire cross made of two rough trunks of trees, 
and wears a green coloured mantle over a black robe. With his right hand he places a 
golden gemmed crown, of exquisite design, on the king's head, and, in the other, 
holds an open book ; his head is bare, and is surrounded by a gold-rayed glory. 

Prince James(vvho was born March 17, 1471 — 2, andlooks like a young lad, thus dating 
the triptych circa 1480) is clad in a furred pelisse of dark stuff, over which is a mantle of 
scarlet figured damask lined with ermine, and his ermine tippet is of the same fashion as 
that of his father. The palms of the prince's hands are asunder, but the tips of the 
fingers and thumbs touch. 



12 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



The patterns on the carpet in the traverse, on the stone floor of the church, also 
the two cushions on which the king kneels, call for attention. 

{d) Under a green traverse, placed within a church, is the kneeling figure of Margaret 
of Denmark, Queen of Scotland. Before her is an open illuminated Latin Book of Hours, 
the book-marker in which claims notice. The book is placed on a gold-tasseled black 
cushion, which rests on a trestle desk draped in scarlet cloth, on which, in a lozenge, are the 
arms of Scotland, impaling : — quarterly, divided by the cross of Denmark— i, Sweden ; 2, 
Denmark ; 3, Norway ; 4, Sclavonia : over all, quarterly, I and 4 Holstein, 2 and 3 
Sleswick, surmounted by Oldenburg. The hands of the queen are ringless, and joined 
in prayer ; the right thumb crosses the left. She wears over a dark blue robe a close- 
fitting bodice of red cloth of baudekin ; over which is an ermine-lined mantle of similar 
blue material as her robe, which, like the bodice, is ermine trimmed. Over the 
shoulders, and reaching in front as low as the waist, is a sort of yoke or pall of gold 
with gems. On her head, over a crepine, rich with pearls, is a jewelled crown. The hair 
is almost totally concealed, and drawn tightly off the face, and on a gold band, over the 
left ear, are the letters P N A C N , the meaning of which is at present unknown. The 
necklace of two rows of pearls, connected by oval- shaped gems, from which hangs a rich 
jewel, should be noted. 

The queen is attended by her patron saint, S. George, Our Lady's knight, and one of 
the Champions of Christendom, who stands in full armour on her train, over the armour 
falls the singular leather trimming resembling oak-leaves stitched on red cloth. His 
head and hands are, however, bare, and the former is surrounded by a gold-rayed glory. 
With the left hand he holds his lance, from which a pennon, party per pale argent 
and azure — the livery colours of our Lady — is unfurled, on which, in letters of gold, is his 
-war cry — JHESV . maria. The cross of S. George is in chief This figure has been 
attributed to SS. Knut, Olaf, and Eric. 

In Pinkerton's Iconographia Scotica, pub. in 1797, the subjects on two doors of the 
triptych have been badly engraved. Mr. David Laing, in 1857, published an account of 
these paintings, and says, '' Hardly can any kingdom in Europe boast of a more noble 
Family picture of this early epoch." 

The panel with the Queen and S. George has been given in Shaw's " Dresses and 
Decorations," Vol. IL 77 X 37 in. 

Lent by Her Majesty the Queen, from Holyrood. 

9. James IV. (1488-15 13). 

Small half-length figure in three-quarters view to left, the eager-looking eyes being 
turned to the front ; in the right hand the king holds a white daisy or marguerite, and thus 
alludes to his wife's name ; see her portrait, No. lo. On his light brown hair is a flat 
black cap, and his left hand lies on a parapet before him ; his coat is black, open at the 
throat to show the red vest and white shirt within. 14 X ii in. 

By H. Holbein, Lent by The Marquess of Lothian, K.T. 

10. Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland (1489-1 541), Daughter of 
Henry VII. of England and Consort of James IV. of Scotland. 

Small half-length figure in three-quarters view to right, eyes in the same direction ; 
hands on parapet in front, and lying one over the other. There is a close-fitting French 
cap, set with pearls and gold, on the compact and smooth-laid dark brown hair ; the very 



WEST GALLERY.] Portraits. 



full bust is freely shown by the low-cut, square-fronted dress of red damask and white 
chemisette ; her sleeves are of white lawn, puffed and interlaced with black cords and 
embroidered bands. On her fingers are five rings ; she holds what looks like a small 
casket or pomander of dark enamel and gold. Engraved in Lodge's " Portraits of 
Illustrious Personages." 13 X 11 in. 

By H. Holbein. Lent by The Marquess of Lothian, K.T. 

11. James IV. with a Falcon. (Formerly in Charles I.'s Collection.) 

A life-size, half-length figure ; the head is three-quarters view to left, the eyes in 
the same direction ; holding a falcon on the left hand, and in the right hand the padded 
hood of the bird ; wearing a black flat cap, with an enseignc, long brown hair falling on 
his shoulders, a red mantle trimmed with leopard's skin and slashed to reveal the cloth of 
gold within and the white sleeves of the shirt. The king is seen through an arched opening 
of carved stone, in the spandrels of which the rampant unicorns, supporters of the royal 
arms, are represented as holding shields. Over the head is, in Gothic letters, " In my 
de/ens," and below the unicorns, "J" and " IV." 37 X 24. in. 

By D. Mytens. Lent by A. Stirling Esq., of Keir. 

12. James IV. (1488-15 13). 

King James IV. is represented in three-quarters view to left, with bushy hair under a 
dark cap, wearing dark mantle and red vest ; he holds a pink. Above the head is 
'■^ Anno 1507." 14 X lo in. Lent by The Hon. Mrs. Maxwell- Scott. 

13. James VI. (1567-1625). 

King James VI. appears nearly to the waist, in three-quarters view to right, 
wearing a red round hat with a jev/elled band, a large plaited ruff, and a red jerkin. At 
the side is written, "jacobus 6 d. g. r. scotorUiM. yEtatis 2i^, i59i-" The face is 
shaved so as to leave the light-brown moustache only. 14 X 10 in. 

Lent by F. Mackenzie Eraser, Esq., of Castle Eraser. 

14. James V. (1513-1542). 

King James V. is represented to the waist, in three-quarters view to right, wearing 
a flat cap with embroidery and an enscignej a dark mantle being open reveals his white 
dress very richly embroidered with gold. The collar of the Order of the Thistle, with ifs 
pendent badge of gold, extends across the shoulders. Chestnut hair cut short, long 
features, an aquiline nose, hazel eyes, light brown moustache and beard. At the side 
is, "JACOBVS 5 D. G. R. SCOTO." 14 X lO in. 

Lent by E. Mackenzie Eraser, Esq., of Castle Eraser. 

15. James V. 

a half-length portrait of James V. in three-quarters view to left, the hands being 
clasped in front ; the face and eyes are turned to left. A short brown beard and mous- 
tache cover the lower features. He wears a dark flat cap ; a large, padded coat of cloth 
of gold, embroidered and lined with red, appears over a plaited white shirt, and the gold 
collar and badge of the Thistle are on the breast. The royal escutcheon of Scotland is 
on the left of the head ; on the right is a label with "IRS". 20 X 15 in. 

Lent bv Her Majesty the Oueen, from Windsor. 



14 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



16. James V. and His Queen, Mary of Lorraine. 

Two half-length, life-size figures, standing facing us in a balcony; both faces are in 
three-quarters view to left, with the eyes in the same direction. With his right hand 
the king holds a Holbein jewel, hanging from a gold chain about his neck ; his left hand 
lies on the parapet before him. A flat cap is on his light brown hair, with which his 
close-cut beard and moustache match. His coat is of cloth of gold, richly embroidered, 
slashed to show the white lining within, and having wristbands of jewels; a mantle, lined 
with white fur, is on the shoulders. Below this figure is : "Jacobvs Qvintvs Scottorvm. 
Rex. Anno rEtaiis Suae 28." The queen holds a pink in her right hand, and rests the 
other hand on the parapet before her. She wears a close jewelled coif over her brown 
hair. Her dress of red is embroidered with flowers and slashed ; ermine mantle. 
Below is written : " Maria Lothoringia, illivs in secviidis nvptiis vxor. Anno cctaiis 
sve 24." Between the heads is the king's escutcheon ; in front is a shield, with the 
arms of the king and queen. Scotland impaling quarterly of eight : (i) Hungary, (2) 
Naples, (3) Jerusalem, (4) Aragon, (5) Anjou, (6) Gueldres, (7) Flanders, (8) De Barre 
surmounted by an inescutcheon of Lorraine. Supporters a unicorn and the apostolic 
eagle. Panel 43 X 56 in. 

Lent by The Marquess of Hartington, ALP. 

17. James V. 

a whole-length portrait of James V. as a young boy, in three-quarters view to 
left, standing near a table on which his right hand is placed, the left hand being on 
the hilt of his sword. He wears a flat cap with a plume, a rufi" and dark olive coat and 
puffed breeches, which are slashed and embroidered with gold ; green hose and dark 
shoes ; green curtain. 42 X 31 in. 

Lent by The Marquess of Hartington, M.P. 

18. Mary of Lorraine, Queen of James V. 

Small bust portrait in three-quarters view to right. Wears a white and 
jewelled French cap over her dark brown hair, a high white ruff and a black coat 
embroidered with gold, slashed to show the lighter coloured gown beneath. A gold 
collar with a jewelled pendant of the Holbein type is about the neck. 10 X 8 in. 

By Janet. Lent by Philip J. C. Howard, Esq., of Corp,y. 

19. Mary of Lorraine, Queen of James V. 

A life-size, three-quarters length figure, in three-quarters view to left, holding 
a white kerchief in the left hand, a small book in the right. The head is covered with a 
white tissue. She wears a white ruff, open to show the throat, pearl necklace, gown of 
black brocade with gold buttons, and dark grey petticoat embroidered with gold. The 
full features and mature form indicate the age of the lady to be about forty years. 
50 X 37 m. 

By A. Bronzing, Lent by C. A. Howell, Esq. 

20. Henry, Lord Darnley (i 546-1 567). Aged nine years. 

As a boy, standing, to the hips, dressed in black, black cap and white feather, holding 
a glove in his left hand ; face nearly in full view, eyes to the front. 



WEST GALLERY.] Portraits. . 15 



Son of Matthew Stuart, Earl of Lenox, grandson of Margaret, Queen of James IV. of 
Scotland by her second husband ; born in England, where his father had taken refuge, 1 546. 
In 1565, February 5, Mary Queen of Scots first saw him, and was married to him at Holy- 
rood, July 29 of that year, much to the disgust of Queen Elizabeth, who had proposed Lord 
Robert Dudley, afterwards Earl of Leicester, as a husband for her '' sister" of Scotland. 
He was blown up with gunpowder in the house of Kirk of Field, near Edinburgh, 
February 9, 1567. Through his mother he was connected with fourteen kings or 
queens. This picture, being branded on the back of the panel with the " C " and crown 
of Charles I., appears to have belonged to that king. No portrait of Darnley is 
mentioned in Vanderdoort's catalogue of King Charles's pictures ; this work may 
nevertheless have been in one of the Scottish palaces. In the catalogue, by Chiffinch, 
of King James's pictures in the custody of the Oueen-Dowager, is "No. 1019, Henry 
Steward, Lord Darnley, when he was young, to the waste." " Henry Stewart, King 
of Scotland— Lord Darnley," was No. 962 in the same collection, which contained 
two other portraits of Queen Mary's husband. It appears to be a companion picture 
to the next portrait of Darnley lent by the same owner. On a piece of paper attached 
to the back of this picture is written: 31 Afay, 1639. Given to my Sovereign Lord 
the King by his Grace the Duke of Lettnox {?}. The peer alluded to was James Stuart, 
Duke of Lenox, who, in 1637, was married, by Laud, to the beautiful Lady Mary 
Herbert (born Villiers). He was created Duke ot Richmond in 1641. The Duke died 
in 1655. 27 X 21 in. 

Lent by Lord Bolton. 
21. Henry, Lord Darnley. 

Lord Darnley in three-quarters length, half life-size, and nearly in full view ; the 
face and eyes are to the front ; the left hand holds the sword-hilt, the right hand is 
on the hip ; a yellowish white quilted jacket appears under a dark mantle and gathered 
close to the throat, ending at the neck in a ruff. Within a cartouche is Henrici^s 
Stvart eivs noniinis pritnvs Dei gratia Scotorv Rex Iiiterfectvs 7 ^ Die Me sis Febrvari 
— An" Dni 15671. cv sors atiis vn< t-olit esse vigiti. 

Of his marriage and his demeanour at that time take the statement of the English 
ambassador (Randolph) to the Earl of Leicester, July 31st, 1565: "All honour that 
may be attributed to any man by a wife he hath it wholly and fully, all praise that may 
be spoken of him he lacketh not from herself, all dignities that she can indue him with 
are already given and granted. No man pleaseth her that contenteth not him, and 
what may I say more. She has given over unto him her whole will, to be ruled and 
guided as himself best liketh. She can as much prevail with him in anything that is 
against his will as your lordship may with me to persuade that I would hang myself. 
This last dignity out of hand to have proclaimed him King, she would have had it 
deffered until it were agreed by parliament, or had been himself twenty-one years of 
age, that things done in his name might have the better authority. He would in no 
case have it deffered one day, and either then or never." " Upon Saturday, at afternoon, 
these matters were long in debating, and, before they were well resolved upon, at nine 
hours at night, by three heralds, at sound of the trumpet, he was proclaimed King. This 
day, Monday, at twelve of the clock, the lords, all that were in this town, were present at 
the proclaiming of him again, when no man said so much as "Amen," saving his father, 
that cried out aloud, " God save his Grace ! " 



1 6 - Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



The same letter describes the marriage ceremonies of Darnley and Mary. 

This picture is branded witli the mark of King Charles, as described in the note on 
the other portrait of Darnley, lent by the same owner (No. 20). It is presumed that they 
both came into the possession of the Povvlett family through the third wife of the second 
Duke of Bolton, who was a daughter of the Duke of Monmouth. Panel 30 x 33 in. 



Lent bv Lord Bolton. 



22. Henry, Lord Darnley. 



He is shown nearly to the knees, standing, holding a glove in his left hand, 
wearing a black cap with a white feather, a close-fitting black jerkin grey hose, a sword 
and dagger. The face is nearly in full view, the blue eves look to the front. See No. 20. 
8X7 in. 



Lent by Major Stuart- Mackenzie, of 
Seaforth. 



23. Henry, Lord Darnley. 



A bust, one-third life-size ; the face in three-quarters view to left, the dark grey 
eyes look to the front, the hair is a very pale brown, the complexion is pallid and the 
features are somewhat swollen. He wears a black hat and a small plume of white feathers, 
a ruff close to the chin, and under a black coat a white vest. I2:X 9 in. 

Lent by The Marquess of Hartington, M.P. 

24. Mary, Queen of Scots, (i 542-1 567.) 

A bust portrait in three-quarters view to left, the chestnut-coloured eyes look, with 
a smiling expression, towards the front. Her hair is a medium brown. She wears a white 
cap with a wired edge, and of the form since bearing her name, a large standing ruff trimmed 
with lace, a white bertha and a black dress. Above the head is written, '■'Maria D. G. 
Regina Scotortiin." 14 X 10 in. 

Lent by F. Mackenzie Fraser, Esq., of 
Castle Fraser. 

25. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

A small whole-length portrait of Mary, Queen of Scots, standing in full view, with her 
left hand on one arm of a tall chair covered with red velvet and golden fleurs-de-lis. The 
face is seen in three-ciuarters to left, her brown eyes looking at the spectator, light close- 
curled brown hair appea.rs under a dark velvet cap. A long, close-fitting black gown, puffed, 
slashed, embroidered and set with jewels, being open in the front, shows a white under- 
dress ; white collar and cuffs ; green background. This picture is similar to an engra- 
ving in Montfaucon's " Monumens de la Monarchie Frangaise," Paris, 1729-33, and 
described as " Marie Stuart reine d'Ecosse." See Archajologia, Soc. Ant. London, for 
the current year. 1 1 X 7 in. 

Lent by Her Majesty the (2ueen, from 
Osborne. 



WEST GALLERY.] Porlniits. 1 7 



26. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

A bust, with features of the type represented in Mr. Philip ). C. Howard's picture 
(No. 29), wearing a similar hair-net, white ruff, a boddice embroidered with gold, and a 
red coat lined with ermine. 11 X 8 in. 

Lent by SiR John Stirling-Maxwell, Bart. 

27. Mary, Queen of Scots, wearing the "Deuil Blanc." 

Queen Mary appears to the waist in three-quarters view to right ; the eyes, which 
are of a brownish hazel (or chestnut), turned to the front. She wears a close-fitting 
French cap, open to reveal the close-curled light brown hair ; a long streamer is attached 
to the back of the cap. A wimple of semi-transparent lawn encloses the face from the 
ears, and, falling on the shoulders, allows us to see the flesh and dark dress within its 
folds, which are gathered in plaits below the chin. No jewels are worn. 

Portraits of this class are referred to under the title of " Le Deuil Blanc," because 
according to a custom which was not rare in that period, Queen Mary assumed white for 
mourning on account of the death, in his seventeenth year, of her first husband, Francis 
n. of France, December 5, 1560. Elizabeth of England is recorded as wearing white for 
mourning. This picture was in the collection of Charles I., and is thus included in Vander- 
doort's contemporary catalogue of that monarch's " Collection of Limnings," dated 1639 • — 
" No. 15. Said to be done by Jennet Qanet]. Item : Another. Like unto the aforesaid 
piece, more curiously done, of Queen Mary of Scotland, in her white mourning habit, 
in a black ebony frame, given to the King by the Lord Denby. i f. o.,o. f. 9." The 
" Another " was described thus : "No. 14. Item: A defaced picture of Queen Mary of 
Scotland, in her white morning habit ; given to the King by the Lord Marquis of 
Hamilton, i f. o. 9." These pictures were "in the King's Chair Room in the privy 
gallery " at Whitehall. They seem to be those mentioned in the catalogue of King 
James's pictures, which is signed by W. Chiffinch, Nos. 408 and 409. No. iioiwas 
" Mary, Queen of Scots, at length," by " Jennet." There are several examples of " Le 
Dcuil Blanc ;" see National Portrait Exhibition, 1866, No. 328. The original drawing on 
paper is in Paris (see No. 215) ; a similar one belonged to the Earl of Bessborough, and 
was engraved by Bartolozzi as a Holbein ! Brantome, when speaking of the " blanc atour "' 
of Mary, admired with a sort of rapture the brilliancy of her complexion. Panel. 12x9 in. 

By Janet. Lent by Her Majesty the Queen, PROiM 

Windsor, formerly at Hampton Court. 

28. Mary, Queen of Scots, wearing the " Deuil Blanc" Replica 

of the preceding. 11x9 in. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

29. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

a bust, the face being in three-quarters view to left ; dark brown eyes to the front, 
fresh colour, light yellow hair, enclosed by a net of gold wire ; her grey dress, studded 
with gold buttons, is slashed to show the scarlet garment within. On panel. 9x8 in. 

Lent by Philip J. C. Howard, Esq., of Corby. 

B 



Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



30. Mary, Queen of Scots, with a Cap and Feather. 

Bust, in three-quarters view to right ; the eyes are fixed on the spectator ; a very 
youthful countenance. The hair is of a light bright auburn, wavy, under a blue 
caul, embroidered with gold, above which is a red embroidered and plumed cap. She 
wears a close-fitting bertha covering the bosom, a red dress lashed to show white 
ruffs, decorated with gold ornaments and embroidered in green. 13 X 11 in. 

Lent by The Marquess of Hartington, M.P. 

31. Mary, Queen of Scots. With a cap and feather, as in the 

preceding picture. 

Bust portrait of Queen Mary at about eighteen years of a,ge in three-quarters 
view to right, the brownish hazel (or chestnut) eyes being to the front ; on 
her close-curled brown hair a net of gold wire, set with pearls and having two 
pendent enscignes, is surmounted by a dark, flat embroidered cap of velvet, with three 
plumes. The bust and neck are enclosed in a gold gorget set with pearls ; round the 
neck a jewelled collar sustains a lozenge-shaped jewel, with three pendent pearls ; red 
gown, with lines of gold. 10 X 7 in. 

Lent by The Earl of Wharncliffe. 

32. Mary, Queen of Scots, a.d. 1586. 

A three-quarters length, life-size figure, to the knees, fronting the spectator, the face in 
three-quarters view to left ; dark brown hair and eyes ; in the right hand is a book 
with gold clasps and a dark grey cover ; the left hand rests on the arm of a large chair 
covered with scarlet ; she wears a white lace cap, high wired ruff", black dress with, on the 
arms, half-sleeves of wired lace. Hanging from her neck is a silver crucifix, evidently the 
same as in the " Memorial" portraits of the ()ueen, three of which are in this Gallery, 
lent by Her Majesty, the Earl of Darnley, and Blair's College (Nos. 38-40). Behind the 
figure is written, "yJ/rtrm D. G. Scotorvin Regijui, 1586, .-Etatis sva 45." This date 
assigns the picture to the period of Fotheringhay. From the Hamilton Sale. 37 X 29 in. 

Lent by Lord Herries. 

33. Mary, Queen of Scots (from Holyrood). 

Three-quarters length, rather more than half life-size figure, in three-quarters view to 
right ; wears a red velvet, close-fitting gown, the sleeves of which are turned back to 
show the embroidered lining and the similarly enriched under-sleeves ; petticoat of dark 
colours, fully embroidered with gold ; close-fitting embroidered bertha, with a small 
ruff : a carcanet sustains a Holbein jewel, enamelled, and having three pendent pearls ; 
gloves in the left hand ; brown hair and chestnut-coloured eyes. In the background is 
written A'' /E. sv — 16 ; thus giving the date of the picture as 1558. 35 x 28 in. 

Lent by THE DuKE OF Hamilton, K.T. 



WEST GALLERY.] Portraits. 19 



34. Mary, Queen of Scots. Known as the " Carlton Type." 

A whole-length, standing, life-size figure, in three-quarters view to left, the hazel 
brown eyes looking at the spectator ; the right hand is on the arm of a chair ; the left 
hand holds white and red roses. Light brown hair, chestnut-coloured eyes. Clad in a 
tightly fitting, stiffened gown of rich red brocade, puffed at the shoulders, trimmed with 
scarlet, and edged with gold ; under this is a petticoat of cloth of gold, brocaded. From 
her fully jewelled girdle hangs a long rosary of brown beads mounted in gold, elaborately 
chased ; it sustains a pomander of the same metal. Behind to the left is seen a city, 
with church towers, &c. 

Several portraits ascribed to F. Zucchero, and said to represent Mary (2ueen of Scots, 
are in existence. It was long the custom to ascribe to Zucchero pictures for which no 
better name could be found, while they show more or less of Italian characteristics than 
could possibly have been painted at or near the unquestionable date of his visit. This 
picture belonged to Henry Boyle, Lord Carlton, secretary to Oueen Anne. He be- 
queathed it to his nephew, Lord Burlington, the builder of Chiswick, whose daughter 
and heiress married William, Duke of Devonshire. The portrait seems to have been 
first known in 1725 at Carlton House, Pall Mall. It was afterwards at Chiswick, and was 
moved in recent times to Chatsworth. Vertue, who was employed by Lord Carlton to 
engrave it, expressed misgivings as to the correctness of the designation. Nevertheless 
he introduced a thistle surinounted by a crown on the fiat back of the chair. 74 X 44 in. 

By F. Zucchero. Lent by The Duke of Devonshire, K.G. 

35. Mary, Queen of Scots. The Original Picture painted at Sheffield 

in 1578. 

Whole-length, life-size, standing in three-quarters view to left, looking to the front, 
her right hand on a red table ; the left hand holds back a richly enamelled rosary and the 
skirt of a robe. White cap and ruffs, black dress. The small crucifix hanging round 
her neck is seen also in the "Memorial" portraits of the queen. Green curtains, red 
Turkey carpet, and table, above which is inscribed in capital letters, Maria D.G. Scotice 
riissiina Rcgina Francke Doweria. Anno Aetatis Regniq 36 AngliccE Captivit, 10. S.H. 
1578. From the girdle hangs a cross-shaped jewel, having in each limb of the cross a 
Gothic S, and in the centre a seated figure of Susanna and the Elders, enclosed by the 
motto " Angvsiia Vndiqve," and enamelled in colours. Signed on the cross rail of the 
table, P. Ov'dry. At this period Mary was in the custody of the Earl and Countess of 
Shrewsbury at Sheffield. Panel. 77 X 41 in. 

By P. OUDRV. Lent by The Marquess OF Hartington, M.P. 



36. Mary, Queen of Scots. Known as the "Sheffield Type.'' 

Almost identical with the last, wearing the same costume and jewellery ; the same 
inscription. 79 x 37 in. 

By P. OuDRY. Lent by The Earl of Darnley. 

B 2 



20 Exhibition of the Royal Hoitsc of St2iart. 



37. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Whole-length, life-size figure, adapted from the Sheffield type. The figures being 
reversed and turned to her right, left hand is on the table ; same crucifix, cross and 
jewellery. On a cartel below is " Maria D. G. Scolice piissi""' Regina Franciae Dotaria. 
Anno jEtatis Reg7iiq 38, 1580." Painted by Daniel Mytens for Charles I., and in 1639. 
formed one of a series of portraits of sovereigns and ancestors of the King in his Palace 
at Whitehall. 84 X 49 in. 

Lent by Her, Majesty the Ouken, from 
Ha.aipton Court. 

37a. Mary, Queen of Scots. Known as the " Morton Type." 

Three-quarters length figure to left, in black, white cap, collar and bertha, mantle 
of white tissue ; holds pearl attached to chain round her neck ; left hand at her side. 

Miniature copy in water colours by Wm. Hilton, from the picture at Dalmahoy, the 
property of the Earl of Morton, for the engraving in " Lodge's Portraits." 7X5^ in. 

Lent by The Earl of Derby, K.G. 



37b. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Plaster cast from the alabaster effigy on her IMonument in Westminster Abbey. 

Lent by George Scharf, Esq., C.B. 

38. Mary, Queen of Scots. Known as the " Memorial Type." 

In the background is a representation of the Execution of the Queen. See No. 39, 
84 X 49 in. 

Lent by Her Majesty the Queen, from 
Windsor.. 

39. Mary, Queen of Scots. Same as the preceding. 

A whole-length, life-size, standing figure, turned slightly to left, holding a crucifix in the 
right hand, and in the left hand a book bound in white, with one finger between its leaves ; 
the ribbons intended to fasten the book are blue. Black dress, trimmed with dark brown 
fur ; a large ruff" is about the neck, a white cap covers the brown hair, and a long white 
veil hangs from the shoulder to the ground behind the figure. Above, on our left, is the 
royal Scottish escutcheon fully emblazoned ; on our right is written in goX^,'''' Maria Scotice 
Regina GallicE Dotariaregnoriim Anglics, et Hy hernia: vere Prittceps et Heres legitimajacobt 
Magnce. Briiannice Regis Mater. A suis oppressa an°. Dtti. 1 568, anxilii spe et opi7iio)ie 
a cognata EUzabetlia in Anglia regnante pmissi eb descendit, ibique contra jus gentiuu: 
et promissi fidein captiva retenta,post captivitatis ans. i(),religionis ergo, ejusdeni Elis 



WEST GALLERY.! Portraits. 21 



perjidia et Seiiatiis Anglici ci'tidelitate^ hor rendu capitis lata sententia iieci traditur, ac 
12 Cat. Martii 1 587, inaiidito exetiiplo aservili etabjecto car)iifice tetru n (sic) morem capiUi 
truncata est. Anno CEtatis reonique 45." On the right of the figure is a representation in 
■small figures ai'-^Avla Fodringhamii" showing the queen blinded with a white handkerchief 
and kneeling with her head on the block ; her shoulders are bare ; she wears aredboddice 
and a black skirt ; her neck is bleeding from a blow of the axe, with which the executioner 
standing at her side is about to strike again ; he wears a short white apron. These 
persons are on the scaftbld, which is draped with black ; two guards with halberds 
stand behind the scaffold ; two gentlemen, the Earls of Kent and Shrewsbury, with white 
rods in their hands and a third are at this part of the scene. At the other end of the 
scaffold a gentleman is writing in a note-book ; near him are four other gentlemen, two 
of whom appear in great distress. Below this design is written in gold, as before, 
" Reginam sereftiss""^ Regvm filiani vxorein, et niatrem, astaiitibvs cominissariis et niinistris 
R. ElisabetliCB Carnifcx sccvri percviit atq viio et altera ictv trvcvlentcr savciatce tertio 
ei capvt abscindit." Behind the large figure of the queen are two small figures of women 
dressed in black with white ruffs, conversing and lamenting the fate of their mistress the 
queen. These figures represent " Joanna Kenmethie " (Kennedy) and " Elizabeth Curie." 
This painting and Nos. 38 and 40 are called " memorial " pictures, and they belong to a 
class of portraits which seem to have been designed to commemorate the death of the 
queen. Another example of a similar kind is known to have been sold at Christie's many 
years ago, but it has not been traced to the present owner. The Queen's picture, whicii 
hangs as the centre of the group, embodies the same design, with minor differences as 
here described in the notes concerning them, as the others. The inscription on one of 
the other two conveys similar censure upon James I. to that expressed in this example. 
Here follows an account rendered to Burleigh by his agent, an eyewitness of the scene 
in the hall at Fotheringhay, who is probably represented by the figure making notes near 
the scaffold. The agent, after describing at length the preparations for the execution, 
and Mary's demeanour and approach to the hall, thus proceeds with his narrative : — 

" Then she began to kiss hir crucifix, and to cross hirself saying these wordes, ' Even 
as Thy amies, oh, Jesu Christ, were spreadd heer upon the cross, so receive me into the 
armes of mercye.' Then the two executioners kneeled downe unto hir, desiring hir to 
forgive them hir death. Shee answered, ' I forgive yow with all my harte. For I hope 
this death shall give an end to all my troubles." They, with hir two weomen helping, 
began to disroabe hir, and then shee layde the crucifix upon the stoole. One of the execu- 
tioners tooke from hir neck the Agnus Dei, and shee layde hold of it, saying shee would 
give it to one of hir weomen, and withall, told the executioner that he should have monye 
for it. Then they tooke off hir chayne. Shee made hirself unready with a kinde of 
gladnes, and smiling, putting on a payer of sleeves with hir owne hands which the two 
executioners before had rudely putt off, and with such speed, as if shee had longed to 
be gone out of the worlde. 

" During the disroabing of this queen, shee never altered hir countenance, but smiling 
sayde shee never had such groomes before to make hir unreadye, nor ever putt of [off] hir 
cloathes before such a companye. At lengthe unattyred and unapparelled to hir petticoat 
and kirtle, the two weomen burst out into a great and pittiful shrieking, crying, and 
lamentation, crossed themselves, and prayed in Lattine. The queen turned towards 
them: ^ Ne cry vans, fay prome pur 7>ous ;' and so crossed and kissed them, and bad 
them praye for hir. Then with a smiling countenance shee turned to hir men servantes, 
Melvin and the rest, crossed them, badd them farwell, and pray for hir to the last. 



22 Exhibiiion of the Royal Hoitsc of Stuart. 



" One of the women having a Corpus Christi cloathe, lapped it upp three corner wise^ 
and kissed it and put it over the face of hir queen, and pynned it fast to the caule of hir 
head. Then the two weomen departed. The queen kneeled downe upon the cushion 
resolutely and. without any token of feare of deathe, sayde allowde in Lattin the psalme^ 
' /;/ ie, domine, confido.' Then groaping for the block, shee layde downe hir head, putting 
hir chain over hir backe with bothe hir handes, which, holding their still, had been cut off;, 
had they not been espyed. 

" Tlien shee layde hirself upon the block most quietly, and stretching out hir armes and 
legges cryed out ; ' hi nianiis tiias. domiiie, comniendo spi^-ittnn vieuDi,' three or four times. 

" Att last while one of the Executioners held hir streightly with one of his handes, the 
other gave two strokes with an axe before he did cutt of [off] hir head, and yet lefte a little 
grissle behinde. Shee made very smale noyse, no part stirred from the place where shee 
laye. The Executioners lifted upp the head, and bad God save the Queen. Then hir 
dressinge of Lawne fell from hir head, which appeared as graye as if shee had byn three 
score and ten yeares olde, powled very shorte. Hir face much altred, hir lipps stired upp 
and downe almost a quarter of an hower after hir head was cut off. Then sayde Mr. 
Deane [Fletcher of Peterborough], 'So perish all the Queen's ennemyes."' 

In the two other versions (Nos. 38 and 40) of the subject which -hang next to it, 
the figure of the queen differs in no important respect. The royal escutcheon occurs in 
the same place in each. In No. 38 the figure of St. Andrew appears in the badge of the 
Thistle hanging below the shield, his saltire cross only occurs in the example from 
Windsor. The inscription behind the head of Mary on the other versions are varied. 
At the foot of this canvas is written in gold letters ^'' Prima qvoadvixit Col. Scot, paretis 
et fvnd.'' and as follows : — • 

Sic fviiesUim ascendit tabvlatvni Regina qvondam 
Galliarv et Scoticp florentis"^"- iiivicto sed pio 
Aiiimo Tyra7inideni exprobrat et perfidiain 
Fidein Cailiolicam projitetvr, Romanceq Ecclesice 
Se semper fvisse et essefiliam palam planeq testatvr. 

The same inscription, without the first line, is on the Queen's picture. In all three 
works a small crucifix hangs on Mary's breast. See Mr. Scharf's essay on these pictures, 
printed in the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries, London, 1876. 90 X 55 in. 

Lent by The Trustees of Blairs College, 
Aberdeen. 

40 . Mary, Queen of Scots. Same as the preceding. 

The chief figure is the same as Nos. 38 and 39, from Windsor and Blairs College 
respectively. The queen's brown hair is darker in the example before us, and her 
complexion is browner than in the others. In the execution-scene the guards are nine 
in number instead of two ; the inscriptions pertaining to this section are practically the 
same ; the like may be said for the other inscriptions behind and below the chief figure. 
The names of the female attendants are omitted in this version, of which the canvas has 
been enlarged at both sides. 85 X 55 in. 

Lent bv The Earl of Darnley. 



WEST GALLERY.] Portraits. 23 

41. Mary, Queen of Scots, known as the "Sheffield Type." 

Same type as No. 37. 76 X .:i8 in. 

Attributed to F. Zucchero. Lent by The Duke of Grafton, K.G. 

42. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Miniature, three-quarters length bust to left, low yellow dress, with carcanet of pearls 
festooned on bodice with long pendant pearl, small ruff; on head, crepine with jewelled 
border. Above is inscribed la royne davphine. 4 X 3 in. 

Lent by Charles Magniac, Esq. 

43. James I. and VI. (1565 — 1625). 

Bust of James at about thirty years of age and bareheaded, face in three-quarters view 
to right ; white ruff, black coat embroidered with gold. 22 X 17 in. 

Lent by LORD Leconfield. 

44. James I. and VI. and his Queen, Anne of Denmark. 

Two small whole-length figures standing at a table on which is a royal crown. The 
King is dressed in red ; the queen in black. Behind, a curtain. 19 X 16 in. 

Lent by The Hon. R. Baillie-Hamilton. 

45. James I. and VI. 

Half length, life-size, face in three-quarters view to right ; wearing a round black 
hat, with a jewelled band and a black plume ; red dress embroidered with pearls ; a 
black embroidered cloak is on the shoulders ; round the neck is a falling collar. 24X 20 in. 

By C. Jansen. Lent by W. J. Hay, Esq., of Duns. 

46. James VI., with the Lenox Family, at the Tomb of his Father. 

The Cenotaph Picture. 

The baby-king crowned and robed in white, kneels in front and in the middle of the 
picture. On a label at his lips is " Exvrge Due et vindica sangvineni hinocenle>/i Regis 
Patris inci atquc tva dextra dcfendas rogo^' In front of the king to the left is the altar 
of the church, with a statue of Christ holding a tall cross, wearing a nimbus and with 
one hand pointing to the wound in His side, benignantly regarding the king, while, as 
if in affirmation of the prayer, bending His head. Behind tlie king kneel his grand- 
father, Matthew, Earl of Lenox, grandmother, the Countess of Lenox, and uncle, Charles 
Stuart, afterwards Earl of Lenox, father of Arabella Stuart, each with a label containing 
a prayer like the king's issuing from his or her lips. Their names and descriptions are 



24 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



stated on a cartel placed above the feet of the statue of Darnley which, clad in armour 
and painted to resemble the life, lies on an altar tomb behind the living figures. On the 
side of the tomb are the coats of arms of Darnley and his family and two medallions re- 
lating to the murder of Darnley. Three banners hang above the monument. Two inscribed 
tablets are affixed to the wall behind the figures. On the left in front of this design is a 
picture representing hills, a fortress, and troops drawn up in battle array (Carberry). 

Engraved by G. Vertue, and exhibited at the National Portrait Exhibition, 1866, 
No. 439. 55 X 88 in. 

Lent by Her Majesty the Queen, from 
Windsor. 

47. Lady Arabella Stuart, Daughter of Charles, Earl of Lenox. 

Died 1615. 

Whole-length, life-size, standing near a table, on which the right hand rests ; a fan 
hangs from the waist. Dress of v/hite brocade, puffed sleeves studded with dark jewels, 
and having embroidered cuffs of a dark colour. Her light brown hair frizzed in front is 
allowed to fall maiden-fashion on her shoulders. Pearl necklace and other ornaments ; 
a little dog is at her feet. On a cartel is written '''■ Arbella Stvarta Coiniissa Levin/cc 
^■Etaiis 12) et h Anno Dm, 1589." 

Lady Arabella Stuart, daughter of Charles, Earl of Lenox, and first cousin of James 
I., was by some considered to have a better title to the crown than the king himself. 
Having clandestinely married William Seymour, Lord Beauchamp, in 161 1, she was 
confined in the Tower, where she died a lunatic in 161 5. Panel. 63 X 33 in. 

Lent by The Marquess of Hartington, M.P. 

48. Henry, Prince of Wales, Elder Brother of Charles L 

Died 1612. 

A three-quarters length, nearly life-size figure, left hand on hip, hat in right hand, 
standing bareheaded before red curtain ; dressed entirely in vvhite ; round the neck the 
blue ribbon sustains the badge of the Garter. 35 X 27 in. 

By M. J, Mireveldt. Lent by The Duke of Northumderland, K.G. 

49. James L and VI. 

Life size, three-quarters length figure seen seated to right, crowned, wearing ruff, robes 
and collar of the Garter, and holding sword and orb, which rests on left knee. 
37 X 26 in. 

Lent by LORD Cardross. 



50. James, Earl of Murray, Regent. Assassinated 1570, 

s view to right, wearing a black c 
14 X 10 in. 
Lent by The Duke of Hamilton, K.T 



Bust, half-life size, in three-quarters view to right, wearing a black cap and coat, a 
white ruff. From Holyrood Palace. 14 X lo in. 



WEST GALLERY.] Portraits. 25 



51. Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemlv, Daughter of James I. and VI. 

Three-quarters length, life-size figure, standing in three-quarters view to right ; tlie 
eyes to the front ; the hands hang before the figure, the left one lying on the arm of a 
chair. On her right httle finger is a ring tied by a cord to the wrist, the dark brown 
hair is drawn across the forehead. She wears a large ruff, a gown of white silk 
embroidered with flowers in natural colours and extended on a large wheel farthingale ; 
her bust is exposed. 

This Princess-Royal, eldest daughter of James \. and Anne of Denmark, was born 
at Falkland Palace, August 19, 1596, and, from childhood, was distinguished by her 
intelligence, fine character, and love for her brothers and sisters, her many accom- 
plishments, and sincere mind. She married Frederick V., Count Palatine of the Rhine, 
Elector and Duke of Bavaria and Silesia, on February 14, 1613, at Whitehall. This 
prince was a man of showy quality, whose weakness of will insured troubles for his 
country and family. The cost of the wedding was not less than ^100,000. 
Retiring to his dominions and struggling to secure the title of King of Bohemia (in which 
dignity he was crowned at Prague, November 6, 1619), but driven from the throne by the 
Emperor Ferdinand in November, 1620, he and his queen sought refuge in Lorraine, 
and later in Holland ; he died at Mayence, November 29, 1632, and she remained at the 
Hague educating her children, among whom were the Princes Charles Lewis, Rupert, 
Maurice, and Edward, Count Palatine, and the Princess Sophia, mother of George Lewis, 
who became George L of England. Failing to secure the crown of Bohemia, she 
became, in the enthusiastic language of her admirers, among whom the first Earl of 
Craven was the most chivalrous and devoted, the '' Oueen of Hearts." Her title to this 
picturesque distinction was grounded on many acts, like her reply to her husband's general. 
Count Thurm, who, when her cause was hopeless in Bohemia, offered to defend the 
citadel of Prague to the last gasp, in order that she might reach a place of safety. 
" Never,'"' she said, " shall there be more devastation than is necessary for my sake ; 
sooner would I die where I am than be remembered by a curse." She bore defeat and 
the sharp poverty attending her husband's expulsion from the Palatinate with admirable 
patience and dignity; she was described as "reduced to the utmost beggary," and as 
" wandering frequently in disguise as a mere vagrant." In a caricature of the time she 
was represented as a beggar with a child slung to her back, while the king, her father, 
followed, carrying a cradle. After the failure of the Royal cause in England, most of 
her family joined Elizabeth at the Hague. After the Restoration she returned to 
England in May, 1661, and took up her residence at Lord Craven's then newly-built 
house in Urury Lane, whence, in February, 1662, she removed to Leicester House in 
Leicester Fields, where, aged 69, she died five months later. She is generally believed 
to have rewarded the devotion of Lord Craven by becoming his v,'ife. He was fourteen 
years her junior ; a leading soldier of Gustavus Adolphus and Henry of Orange ; 
created, in 1627, Baron Craven, and by Charles II. Viscount and Earl of Ci-aven. 

If soldiers fought for " The (2ueen of Hearts," men of letters were hardly less devoted 
to her service. Among these was Sir Henry Wotton, Provost of Eton, who thus 
addressed the following; well-known verses to "his Mistress : — 



26 Exhibition of the Royal Honse of Stuart. 



" The Queen of Bohemia." 

" You meaner beauties of the night, 
That poorly satisfy our eyes, 
More by your number than your Hght ; 
You convno7i-peoplc of the skies. 
What are you when the moon shall rise ? " 

48 X 39 in. 

By Mytens. Lent by Viscount Powerscourt, K.P. 

52. EsME Stuart, First Duke of Lenox. Died 1583. 

Bust in a black cap and jerkin, white ruff, closely cut beard, face in three-quarters 
view to left. C n the background is written '' Es7}ia Stevart, Dvx de Letiox." In front 
is an earl's coronet, with, below it, " Thfs Diike was father to Ludovick, Duke of 
Richmoiidr 

Esme Stuart, first Duke of Lenox, son of John Stuart, Lord of Aubigny, who was 
third son of John, third Earl of Lenox, was created by James VL Earl of Lenox upon 
his uncle, Robert Stuart, sixth Earl, alDandoning the title. The earldom was created 
into a dukedom 5th August, 1581. In the following year, when the Ruthven conspiracy 
got the king into their power, the Duke of Lenox was expelled from Scotland. He 
retired to Paris, where he died 26th May, 1583, it is said, of anguish of mind and the 
fatigues of his journey. 27 X 22 in. 

Lent by The Earl of Home. 



53. Prince Robert and Princess Margaret, Children of James I, 
AND VI. 

Two small whole-length figures of children standing facing the spectator, and with 
their hands joined before them. The elder figure is dressed in grey and red ; the younger 
is entirely in red. 9 X 7 in. 

Lent by The Hon. R. Baillie-Hamh^ton. 



54. Henry, Prince of Wales, and his Mother, Anne of Denmark 

Two small, whole-length figures standing side by side and facing the spectator, their 
eyes are to the front ; the queen's right hand is on the left shoulder of her son, in her left 
hand is a brown glove ; the prince's left hand rests on the hilt of his sword ; his right 
hand is turned on his hip. The queen wears a black round conical hat, with a broad rim, 
and a jewelled band ; a high standing wired collar of point lace ; a baldric of pearls, and 
a black dress, which is padded, but not extended by a farthingale. The trimmings are 
of scarlet ribbons. The prince wears a rose-coloured dress embroidered with floral 
patterns in gold, and slashed ; white faUing collar, and a baldric of white silk ; red 



WEST GALLERY.] Po7'traifs. '2-7 



breeches, white hose and red rosettes in his white shoes. Near his feet lie a shield 
and breastplate richly inlaid with gold, a helmet and gauntlets stand on a pedestal 
behind the queen. On a curtain behind the prince is his coronet with three plumes, 
and the motto " IcJl Dien'' 13 X 9 in. 

Lent by A. Stirling, Esq., of Keir. 

65. Anne of Denmark, Queen of James I. and VI. 

Life-size bust, white collar, white dress slashed with red ; drooping pearls in hair. 
.pearl necklace and earrings. 27 X 24 in. 

By P. Van Somer. Lent by E. W. Harcourt, Esq. 

56. James I. and VI. 

Small, whole-length, seated figure, nearly in front view, fully dressed in royal robes, at 
the side of a table covered with a red cloth, on which is a plumed hat. This picture was- 
presented by the King to an ancestor of the present owner. 21 X 15 in. 

Lent by THE Earl of Denbigh. 

57. James I. and VI. when a Child. From the Collection of Charles I 

Figure of a boy, in front view, seen to the waist, dressed in black, with a black cap ; 
face nearly in full view ; holding a falcon on his left hand ; right hand on hip. 
17 X II in. 

Lent bv The Hon. R. Baillie-Hamilton. 



58. Lady Arabella Stuart. 

Whole-length, nearly life-size figure ; the same as in Lord Hartington's picture^ 
No. 47. Below the cartel is written : " Granddaughter oj Sir JV'"- Cavendish &^ Eliz"' 
Hardivicke by Elis"' their 2nd Daughter &-' her husband Charles Stuart Earl of Lenox." 
In the original carved frame, on which, at top, is the Cavendish crest, and below the 
Star of the Garter. 62 X 32 in. 

By F. ZuccHERO. Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

59. Henry, Prince of Wales (i 593-161 5). 

Whole length, rather less than life-size figure standing nearly in full view ; right hand 
on hip, left hand on sword ; white coat, full red breeches, rose-coloured hose, black shoes- 
with large red rosettes ; red cloak over left arm ; carpet. 50 X 33 in. 

By C. Jansen. Lent by A. Erskine IMurrav, Esq. 



2 8 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



'60. Henry, Prince of Wales. 

Three-quarters length, hfe-size figure in black armour, wearing a red scarf and a 
white falling collar ; hand at hip ; bareheaded ; face in three-quarters view to right ; 
helmet on table on^the right. 36 X 28 in. 

By G. HoNTHORST. Lent by The Earl of Aberdeen. 

'61. James I. and VI. 

Three-quarters length, life-size, standing figure, leaning with right elbow on a table ; 
in the right hand a dark glove ; left hand on sword, face in three-quarters view to right, 
eyes to the front. Wearing a black round hat with an cnseigne j white dress, and breeches 
embroidered with black ; collar and jewel of the Garter. Behind is a red curtain. 
44 X 32 in. 

By P. Van Somer. Lent by E. W. Harcourt, Esq. 

•62. James I. and VI. 

Life-size, full-length, standing figure, nearly in full view, resting the lett hand on a 
table covered with a crimson cloth, on which lie the orb and the royal crown. In his right 
hand is the jewel of the Garter. Wearing a white ruff, a coat of olive emb;oidered 
with silver and enriched with black ; full black breeches and red hose. Garter on leg. 
Crimson velvet carpet. 83 X 53 in. 

By G. Jamesone. Lent by The Marquess of Lothian, K.T. 

63. Henry, Prince of Wales. 

Whole length, nearly life-size standing figure, in full view, left hand on hip, right hand 
holding a glove. In robes as prince, with coronet on a table at his side ; red coat lined 
with white, white breeches, sleeves, hose and shoes. Frame similar to that of No. 58, 
" Arabella Stuart." 58 X 41 in. 

By P. Van Somer. Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

64. Charles I., aged fourteen. 

Life-size bust of a youth, nearly in full view, bare-headed, dressed in white and wearing 
the ribbon of the Garter. 20 X 18 in. 

Lent by LORD Leconfield. 

65. Lady Arabella Stuart as a Child with a Doll. 

Small three-quarters length figure dressed in white gown, nearly in full view, and 
holding a doll attired in the costume of an earlier period, including a stiff red coat and 
blue quilted petticoat. {See No. 47.) 22 X 16 in. 

Lent by THE Marquess of Hartington, M.P. 



WEST GALLERY.] Portraits. 29 



66. Charles I. as a child. 

A whole-length, less than half life-size figure of a boy as if advancing to left, 
holding a wheel-lock dagge (resembling a toy-gun) in his right hand, while his left hand 
grasps the hilt of his sword. He wears a coat and petticoat of "green velvet laced 
wfth gold, white sleeves, a broad red baldric and white ruff. Behind the prince is a 
table covered with a red cloth, on which lies a gray plumed hat. A dog standing at his 
side. 45 X 36 in. 

By D. Mytens. Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

67. Charles I., Henrietta Marl-v, and theh^ Two Eldest Children. 

Whole length, life-size figures in a large chamber with columns and a curtain in the 
background. The king and queen are seated side by side facing the spectator and 
bareheaded ; he wears black coat slashed and laced with white, a rose-coloured mantle of 
satin, rose-coloured stocking:, and white shoes. The elder child stands at the king's 
right knee, wearing a coif and dark dress, and looking at the spectator. Near the king's 
foot is a black and white dog. The queen, dressed in an amber-coloured satin gown and 
white lace, holds the baby dressed in white. 

This is a replica of the famous group now at Windsor, representing the king, queen., 
and their eldest children, Charles and Mary, afterwards Princess of Orange. The original 
was doubtless the first of Van Dyck's pictures painted immediately after his arrival in 
England in March or April, 1632 ; it was engraved by Baron, Cooper, Sir R. Strange, 
and F. A. Daniel ; at the sale of Charles L's pictures it was valued at and sold for 
;/^i5o, as "The King, Queen, Prince and Princess." In Vanderdoort's Catalogue of 
the '• King's Collection of Pictures" at W^hitehall Palace, 1639, printed by A^ertue, that 
original is named as " No. i. Done by Sir Anthony Vandyke. Ivtpriniis. The King 
and Queen, Prince Charles and Princess Maria, all in one piece : intire figures so big 
as the life ; whereby in a landskip Westminster [is] painted, and one of the Queen's 
little dogs by, in a carved some part gilded frame, gf. 8. by 8. o.'' Not one, but two 
dogs are in the picture. It appears that in July, 1632, Van Dyck was paid "for one 
great piece of His Majestie, the Queen and their children, ^100." At this date Charles 
and Mary were the only children of the King. James, who, because of an inscription on 
the Windsor picture, has been supposed to be represented as the baby in the arms of 
Henrietta Maria, was not born till October 15, 1633. Vanderdoort's Catalogue afiirms 
the fact as above, and is confirmed by the Catalogue of King James's Pictures, in which, 
with the same names, the picture appears as No. 173. The picture at Windsor is 
mentioned in Smith's Catalogue Raisotine, No. 224 ; it was exhibited at the British 
Institution in 1820. 

The Duke of Devonshire's loan is one of several versions of the queen's group- 
There was one in the Orleans Gallery which in 1792 was sold to Mr. Hammersley for 
1000 guineas; and sold by him in 1S04 to the Duke of Richmond for 1500 guineas. 
It ' is now at Goodwood, and was engraved by Massard, and was one of the Art 
Treasures, Manchester, 1857, No. 116. Another is at Chelsea Hospital. Lord Galway 
has a version of the upper portion of the group, which he exhibited at Leeds in 1868, 
and at the Grosvenor Gallery in 1887, No. 20. The original sketch, in chalk, for this- 
group belonged to Sir T. Lawrence. Smith mentioned a group of the King and Prince 
Charles standing by his knee; it is a repetition of part of this picture, iii X 82 in. 
By Sir a. Van Dyck. Lent by The Duke of Devonshire, K.G. 



Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuaj't. 



■68. Charles I. 

Life-size, nearly three-quarters length figure, standing near a table on which is a 
helmet ; bare-headed, body in armour ; grasping a military baton in one hand and resting 
the other hand on the helmet. Face nearly in full view. 40 X 32 in. 

By Sir a. Van Dyck. Lent by The Duke of Norfolk, E.M., K.G. 



■69. Charles I. Three heads. 

Three life-size bust portraits of the king, grouped, and arranged in profile, full, 
and three-ciuarters views. Bare-headed. The figure in profile wears black slashed with 
white ; that in full view wears red ; the other wears lilac pink silk. Each portrait 
shows the king's dark long hair, large richly-laced falling collar and blue ribbon of the 
Garter. In the left ear is a pearl {See No. 406). This picture was sent to Bernini the 
sculptor in Rome, and a marble bust was made from it ; but was destroyed in the fire at 
Whitehall Palace in 1691. The picture itself was puixhased out of the Bernini Palace 
at Rome by Mr. Irvine for Mr. W. Buchanan about 1796, and sold by Mr. W. Wells in 
1822 to the king for 1000 guineas. Bernini is said to have expressed an opinion on first 
seeing the portrait that it was the contenance of one doomed to misfortune. Engraved 
by W. Sharp. 32 X 39 in. 

By Sir a. Van Dyck. Lent by Her Majesty the Oueen, from 

Windsor. 



'70. Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I. (Aged.) 

A three-quarters length, life-size figure, standing, the face nearly in three-quarters view- 
to left ; her hands are in front, and in the left hand is a book. She wears a black 
lace head-tire, a falling white collar and cape. In the edges of the book is written 
'■''Advantage of Death." The face is much worn and faded, with a melancholy expression. 

Henrietta Maria of France was a daughter of Henry IV. and Mary de Medici, 
born November 28, 1609 ; she was married by proxy at Paris, to Prince Charles of 
England, May li, 1625, being then but sixteen years of age. It is said that on 
meeting the King for the first time " Charles, surprised to find her taller than he 
expected, cast his eyes upon her feet, as if suspecting that she had made use of 
artificial means to improve her stature. Henrietta, with all her native quickness, 
perceived what was passing in the King's mind. She immediately raised one of her 
feet, and pointed to the shoe : — ' Sir,' she said, ' I stand upon mine own feet. I 
have no helps of art. Thus high I am, and am neither higher nor lower.' She 
is nimble and quiet, black-eyed, brown-haired, and, in a word, a brave Lady, though 
perhaps a little touched with sickness " (Ellis's Original Letters, First Series, iii. 197). 
The next passage illustrates the course of many of her majesty's troubles, Mr. Mead 
wrote to Sir I\Iartin Stuteville June 25, 1625 (as above, p. 200) and, having referred 
to the High Mass then lately performed at Denmark House, stated '' The Chapel 
goes on again. She hath twenty-nine priests ; fourteen of them Theatines, and 
■fifteen Seculars ; besides a Bishop, a young man under thirty years old." Henriettas 



WEST GALLERY,] Portraits. 



French entourage soon offended Charles. He wrote to the Duke of Buckingham, 
then in Paris, November 20, 1625 : — " Steenie. I vvritt to you by Ned Clarke that I 
thought I would have cause anufe in short tyme to put away the Monsers, ether by [their] 
atemting to steale away my wyfe, or by making plots with my owen subjects. For the 
first I cannot say certainlie whether it was intended, but I am sure it is hindered ; for 
the other, though I have good grounds to belife it, and am still hunting after it, yet 
seing daylie the malitiousness of the Monsers, by making and fomenting discontentments 
in my wyfe, I could tarie no longer from adverticing of you, that I mean to seeke for no 
other grounds to easier my Monsers, having for this purpose sent you this other [second] 
letter that you may, if you think good, advertice the Oueene Mother with my intentions, 
for this being an action that may have a show of harshness I thought it was fitt to 
take this way, that she to whome I have hade manie obligations may not take it un- 
kyn lie." {Letters^ as above, p. 210.) Charles bore "with the Monsers" for some time 
longer. On July 5, 1626, Mr. J. Pory wrote to Mr. M. Mead. " On Monday last about 
Three after Noone, the King passing into the Queen's side [of St. James's Palace], and 
finding some Frenchemen her servents irreverently dauncing and curvetting in her pre- 
sence, tooke her by the hand and led her into his lodgings, locking the door after him, and 
shutting out all save onely the Queen." Lord Conway called forth the French clergy, and 
ordered them to depart the kingdoni. " The Bishop stood much upon it that being in the 
nature of an Ambassador he coulde not goe unlesse the King his master should command 
him ; but he was tolde againe, that the King his master had nothing to doe here in 
England, and that if he were unwilling to goe, England would find force enough to 
conveye him hence." . . . "the Bishop,'' "had so muche power of conferring Orders and 
dispensing Sacraments, Oathes, &c., as the Pope could give, and so by consequence was 
a most dangerous Instrument to worke the Pope's ends here " (as above, p. 229). The 
French in the queen's lodgings were with equal peremptoriness commanded to go to 
Somerset House till Charles's pleasure about them was known. Upon this " The women 
howled and lamented as if they had been going to execution, but all in vaine, for the 
Yeomen of the Guard by the Lords appointment thrust them and all their country-folks 
out of the queen's lodgings, and locked the doors after them. It is said also that the 
queen, when she understood the designe, grewe very impatient, and brake the glasse 
windowes with her fiste ; but since, I hear, her rage is appeased, and the King and shee, 
since they went together to Nonsuche, have beene very Jocund together" (as above, 
p. 239). Shortly afterwards not less than _;^ 1,100 in money, and ^20,000 worth of jewels 
were distributed among the French priests, women, and servants of many degrees. 
Nevertheless they still lingered, but were finally compelled to leave Somerset House, 
sent to Dover, and thence conveyed to France. The strong temper of Henrietta 
Maria was often manifest, but never with consequences more fatal than when 
while Charles was hesitating to arrest the five members of the House of Commons, 
who had, practically, set him at defiance, " his heart failed him when the morning came. 
He went to the queen's apartments early, and finding Lady Carlisle with her, led Her 
Majesty into her closet, and there, having put to her all the hazards of the attempt, and 
all its probable consequences, declared he must abandon it. Whereat the queen, no 
longer able to control her passion, violently burst o\x\.^'' Allez I Poltroiil Go pull these 
Rogues out by the ears, ou ne me reiivoyez jainais T Without replying, the king left the 
rooin." He attempted to arrest the members of Parliament (Haselrig, Pym, HoUis, 
Hampden, and Strode), and failed ruinously. 34 X 29 in. 

By Cl.\ude le Fevre. Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 



Exhibitioji of the Royal House of Stuart. 



71. Three Children of Charles I. 

Half-seen figures grouped as at a window, one of them is placing a garland on a statue 
of a child ; the others are playing with roses, a carpet covers the window sill. 17 X 15 in. 

By Sir P. Lf.ly. Lent by George IMusgrave, Esq. 

72. Henrietta Maria, in a blue dress. 

Three-quarters length, life-size figure, seated in three-quarters view to left, resting 
her right elbow on a table, and with the left hand holding roses in her lap. Face in 
three-quarters view to left, the eyes to the front. An amorino flying overhead is- 
about to crown the queen. Her hair is in dark ringlets ; pearl ornaments ; open bust : 
bright blue silk dress, open on the arms to show white under-sleeves. The jewels with 
which her dress is fastened consist of expanded golden wings between which are dark 
stones. Many of Van Dyck's portraits of this queen attest the frequency with which she 
wore these ornaments, and indicate that she removed them from a dress of one colour — 
Avhite, rose, or blue (like that before us) — as she changed the gowns. 49 x 36 in. 

By Sir A. Van Dyck. Lent by The Duke of Northumberland, K.G. 

73. Henry, Prince of Wales. 

Whole length, life-size figure, standing in full black armour, which is inlaid with gold ,:• 
left hand on table at side, where a plumed helmet appears ; right hand on hip ; bare- 
headed ; white rufl". Face in three-quarters view to right, eyes to the front ; beardless 
fresh complexion. The suit of armour represented in this picture is in the Central Hall. 
No. 797. 80 X 492 in. 

By G. Jamesone. Lent by The Marquess of Lothian, K.T. 

74. Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia, 

Whole length, life-size standing figure, aged about forty years, nearly in full-view, right 
hand on table, feather fan in left hand ; plumed head-dress, white faUing ruff, bare breast, 
black dress extended on a wheel-farthingale, and embroidered with flowers ; rich white 
lace cuff's. In the breast is a large jewel of gold in the form of a cross and crowned. An 
cnseigne hangs from a chain on the breast ; on the left sleeve is a jewel comprising a 
crowned " A." A large pearl in the left ear is secured by a black cord to the neck and 
passing under the ruff. 80 X 46 in. 

By G. HoNTHORST. Lent by The Duke of Norfolk, E.M., K.G. 

75. Frederick V., Count Palatine of the Rhine, King of 

Bohemia. 

Half-length, life-size bust in three-quarters viev.^ to right ; dark dress and hair, white 
falling collar. 

Frederick V,, son of Frederick IV., Count Palatine of the Rhine, succeeded his 



WEST GALLERY.] Portj'aits. 33 



father, in 1610; in 1613 he married Elizabeth, Princess Royal or England, daughter ot 
James L (see the note on her portrait, No. 51) with extraordinary splendour, at great 
cost to James, and with disastrous consequences. 

Weldon referred to the troubles attending the chief adventure of the Palsgrave 
Frederick in accepting the crown of Bohemia, which the Protestant party in that country 
offered to him. His leadership of the Protestants in Germany, his great wealth, alliance 
with England, the affections of his people, and even his romantic spirit, but, most of all, 
the taunts of his wife, Elizabeth, who while he wavered in the matter, cried " You 
were hold enough to juarry tite daughter of a King, and you lie si fate to accept a Crown'' 
decided his doubts most unfortunately. They forced her in after life to reproach herself 
bitterly as the cause of all their troubles and his ruin. He "accepted the fatal gift" and 
was crowned at Prague, November 6, 161 9, amidst great rejoicings ; on the i8th of 
December following, Rupert, third son of the " Queen of Hearts," was born ; before he 
was out of his nurse's arms, his parents, a ruined pair, fled from Prague, defeated by the 
Imperial and Roman Catholic troops, and did not stop, although it was distant one 
hundred and twenty miles, till Frankfort-on-the-Oder was reached. A fugitive in the 
snow, he was thenceforth styled the " Winter King," one such season having exhausted 
his sovereign authority. James took no effectual steps in behalf of his daughter ; the 
Palatinate was abandoned to war, and became the battlefield of armies the most cruel, 
under Mansfield, Tilly, Christian of Brunswick, and Gustavus Adolphus. Frederick's 
states and his electoral seat were given to Maximilian of Bavaria, and he died at 
Mayence, November 29, 1632. 29 X 23 in. 

Lent by Major-General H. F. Davies. 

76. Charles I. and James, Duke of York, k.g., aged 14. 

A group of three-quarters length, bare-headed,' life-size figures face to face, in three- 
quarters view. The king holds a letter in his left hand while he extends his right hand 
to receive from his son, quite a boy, a penknife with which to cut the string binding 

the letter, inscribed "^« Roy ." Charles wears black, the riband of the 

Garter, and a white collar. The duke wears a brown dress embroidered with gold and 
open at the sleeves to show the white shirt. A broad baldric crossing his body sustains 
his sword. Landscape background. ^30 was the price paid for this picture ; Lely' s receipt 
for which is held by the present owner. See Lovelace's poem on this picture. 48 X 56 in. 

By Sir P. Lelv. Lent by The Duke of Northumberland, K.G. 

77. Charles I. 

Life-size half-length figure, full face, in royal robes of dark blue lined and trimmed 
with ermine. Under the blue robe white satin sleeves appear. Collar and badge of the 
Garter. Right hand on hip, left hand on a chair. This picture and No. 105 were painted 
for Francis Rogers, Keeper of the King's Wardrobe, from whom it descended to the 
present owner. 49 X 39 in. 

After Van Dyck by W. DoBSON. Lent by The Hon. A. Holland-Hibbert. 

C 



Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



78. Charles I. on horseback, under an arch. 

This life-size group is one of several versions of the picture painted for the 
king by Van Dyck, now at Windsor. Charles, in armour, bare-headed, and holding a 
baton, is mounted on his famous white charger and passing under an arch. M. St. 
Antoine, dressed in red and holding the king's helmet, walks on our right by his master's 
side and turns to look at him. A shield, fully emblazoned with the royal arms, and 
surmounted by the crown of England, rests against the wall on our left of the arch. 
140 X 103 in. 

By Sir a. Van Dyck. Lent by The Earl of Warwick. 



79. Charles I. 

Whole length, standing, life-size figure, in armour, the head bare, leaning against a 
pedestal, and holding a baton. The king's shield is on his right. 83 x 46 in. 

By G. JAMESONE. Lent by C. Butler, Esq. 



80. Prince Rupert and Prince Maurice, Sons of Frederick and 
Elizabeth of Bohemia. 

A group of three-quarters length, life-size figures standing side by side in black armour ; 
both have dark brown hair. Prince Rupert is on the left, nearly in full view, and holds 
a baton. Prince Maurice, whose figure is nearly in profile to left, his face being in three- 
quarters view, has placed his right hand on his breast, while the left hand rests on his hip. 
Background, a red curtain, column and the blue sky. 51 >^ 57 in. 

Attributed to SiR A. Van Dyck. Lent by The Marquess of Lothian, K.T. 



81. Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia. 

Bust, life-size, bare-headed, in three-quarters view to left ; in low dark dress. 
19 X 23 in. The original of No. 85. 

By G. HONTHORST. Lent by Major-General H. F. Davies. 



82. Henrietta Maria. Dress repainted by Sir Joshua Reynolds. 

A replica, without the amorino and in a dress of dark green, of No. 72. 47 x 41 in. 
Attributed to Sir A. Van Dyck. Lent by The Earl of Ashburnham. 



WEST GALLERY.] Portraits. 35 



83. Children of Frederick and Elizabeth of Bohemia. 

Small, whole-length, life-size figures, in ^?mj-z'-classic dresses and in a landscape ; near 
them, dogs and a slain deer. 15 x 25 in. 

By C. PoELEMBERG. Lent by Her Majesty the Queen, from 

Hampton Court. 



84. Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia. 

Half-length, life-size, standing figure, in three-quarters view to left, eyes to front. 
Aigrette, in frizzed dark-brown hair ; open collar of lace, dark dress, scarlet ribbons. 
This picture bears some resemblance to the style of Old Stone. 25 x 22 in. 
Attributed to M. J. Mireveldt. Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

85. Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia. 

Life-size, half-length figure, in three-quarters view to left ; crown at the back of dark 
brown hair, which falls in ringlets ; pearl necklace ; low black gown trimmed with ermine 
and a white lace tucker; pearl collar with jet pendant. Given by the Queen to Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir Simon Harcourt, one of her ladies-in-waiting. 29 X 24 in. 

By G. Honthorst. Lent by E. W. Harcourt, Esq. 

86. Charles I. 

Bust, life-size in three-quarters view to right. See No. 76, of which it is in part a 
replica. 29 X 24 in. 

By Sir P. Lely. Lent by The Earl of Ashburnham. 

87. Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans, Daughter of Charles I. 

(1644- 1 670.) 

Half-length, life-size, in three-quarters view to right, right hand on breast. {See No. 
96.) 30 X 24 in. 

Lent by The Earl of Ashburnham. 

88. Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I. 

Aversion of the profile belonging to Her Majesty the Queen, now at Windsor. Life- 
size, half-length figure in profile to right, bare-headed, dark hair, in ringlets on the neck, 
grey dress and blue breast-knot. 29 x 24 in. 

By Sir a. Van Dyck. Lent by The Earl of Denbigh. 

C 2 



36 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuaid. 



89. Charles I. and Henrietta Maria. 

Study for the large picture in the possession of the Duke of Grafton, representing 
the queen offering to the king a choice between wreaths of ohve for Peace, or laurel for 
War. Half-length figures vis-d-vis, bare-headed. The king is in red slashed with white. 
The queen wears a white dress with scarlet ribbons on her hair and dress. The 
divided curtains disclose a landscape. The picture is engraved by Voerst, Visscher, and 
Vertue. The painting of the King and Qneen with a wreath at Buckingham Palace has 
many variations, the landscape being omitted ; the latter probably by Honthorst. 
18 X 30 in. 

By Sir a. Van Dyck. Lent by The Duke of Sutherland, K.G. 

90. Prince Rupert (1619-1682). 

A bust portrait seen within a stonework oval border in the style of Sir Peter Lely, 
three quarters to left ; eyes looking at the spectator ; long dark brown hair. 29 X 34 in. 

By Sir G. Kneller. Lent by Lord Ronald Gower. 






NORTH GALLERY.J Portraits. 



NORTH GALLERY. 

91. Prince Rupert (1619-1682). 

A life-size, three-quarters length figure, in peer's robes ; wearing a long dark wig, 
and standing in three-quarters view to left ; the eyes look at the spectator ; he holds a 
handkerchief in his right hand ; the left hand is folded on the hip. 49 X 39 in. 

By Sir P. Lely. Lent by V. F. Benett Stanford, Esq. 

92. Princess Anne, Daughter of Charles I. 

A whole-length, life-size figure of a child, standing in three-quarters view to left, 
holding in her extended right hand a miniature, probably of her eldest sister, Mary of 
Orange, when young, and looking at the spectator ; with her left hand she holds one 
of the long hanging sleeves of her gown ; on her breast is a miniature, probably of 
Prince Rupert, her cousin, while, suspended from a scarf crossing her shoulder, is a third 
miniature, probably that of her cousin. Prince Maurice. She wears a red gown slashed 
with white, puffed, and embroidered with silver, in the fashion of about 1620, likewise a 
white apron and a lace collar ; her pale yellow hair is in ringlets. This is supposed to be 
the only portrait of the princess, seventh child of the king, who was born after Elizabeth, 
who died at Carisbroke in 1650, and before Henrietta Anne, " La belle Henriette," 
of Orleans, whose portraits are in this Exhibition. The princess Anne died in childhood, 
and was buried at Westminster. 47 X 32 in. 

Lent by The Dowager Marchioness of 

HUNTLY. 

93. Princess Elizabeth, Daughter of Charles I. (1635-1650). 

Half-length, life-size figure, in three-quarters view to right ; bare-headed ; left hand 
on breast, her light blue gown is slashed and shows the white lining ; face in three- 
quarters view to right, eyes to the front ; pearl ornaments. Born December 28, 1635 ; 
died at Carisbroke Castle, Isle of Wight, September 8, 1650, and buried in New- 
port Church, where a monument, by Marochetti, representing her as she was found dead 
with her cheek resting on an open Bible, has been erected to her memory by Her Majesty 
the Queen. 29 X 24 in. 

By Sir P. Lely. Lent by The Duke of Northumberland, K.G. 



38 Exhibition of the Royal Ho2Lse of Stttart. 



94. Henrietta Stuart, Marchioness of Huntly. 

Half-length, small life-size figure ; face in three-quarters view to right, dark dress, 
white falling ruff ; brown hair ; pearl in right ear. 

Henrietta Stuart, Marchioness of Huntly, eldest daughter of Esme, first Duke of 
Lenox and Catherine de Belsac, youngest daughter of William de Belsac, Seigneur 
d'Entragues. Married 21st July, 1588, George, first Marquis of Huntly, and had issue 
three sons and four daughters. She died in France 2nd September, 1642, and was buried 
at Lyons. 23 X 19 in. 

Lent by The Duke of Richmond and 
Gordon, K.G. 



95. Mary, Princess of Orange, Daughter of Charles I. 

Life-size, three-quarters view of the lady, at three-quarters length, walking towards 
right, holding back the skirt of her pale citron-coloured satin gown, and having a 
string of pearls in her left hand, which is in front of the figure. Bare-headed, hair in 
ringlets. A mantle of dark tissue, embroidered with gold, hangs from her shoulders, and 
is retained there by a string of large pearls crossing her figure. 

Mary, Princess Royal of England, eldest daughter of Charles L and Queen Henrietta 
Maria, was born at St. James's Palace, November 4, 1631, and baptized on the same day 
by Laud, Bishop of London. On May 2, 1641, she was affianced to Prince William of 
Orange, and the event was admirably commemorated by Van Dyck when he painted the 
two children (she being ten and he fifteen years old) in a group at full length, now at 
Amsterdam, the prince holding her hand, on which is a betrothal ring. Van Dyck painted 
her in the groups enumerated in the note on Lord Crawford's picture of Charles H. when 
young. Her mother, flying from England in February, 1642, took the Princess Mary to 
Holland, where she lived happily with her husband, who, dying October 1650, left her a 
widow of nineteen years old. Her son, afterwards William HL of Great Britain and 
Ireland, was born November 4, 1650, after his father's death. She returned to England 
at the Restoration, when Pepys boasted of kissing her hand, and died of smallpox at 
Whitehall, December 24, 1660. She was buried in Henry VIL's Chapel. 

"Mr. Edward Pickering told me [Pepys, May 16, 1660] in what a sad poor condition 
for clothes and money the King [Charles II. just before the Restoration] was, and all his 
attendants, when he came to him first [at the Hague] from my Lord [the Earl of Sand- 
wich], their clothes not being worth forty shillings the best of them. And how overjoyed 
the King was when Sir J. Greemville [Grenvile] brought him some money ; so joyful, 
that he called the Princess Royal and Duke of York to look upon it, as it lay in the 
portmanteau, before it was taken out." See the note on the portrait of the Prince of 
Orange lent l3y the same owner. No. 100. 

Earl Spencer has a fine portrait by Hannemannof this princess engraved by Faithorne 
in 1660. 48 X 37 in. 

By Sir p. Lely. Lent by The Earl of Crawford. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Portraits. 39 



96. Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans, Daughter of Charles I. 

Life- size, three-quarters length figure, standing in three-quarters view to left, face 
in the same direction, eyes to the front ; holding a coronet and an embroidered mantle (?) 
in her hands ; hair in ringlets, open bust, amber-coloured dress with jet and pearl 
ornaments, red scarf. 

Henrietta Anne, often called " La Belle Henriette,"' youngest daughter of Charles I. 
and Queen Henrietta Maria, was born at Bedford House, Exeter, June l6, 1644, when 
the troubles of her father were already indicating catastrophe. When she was only 
fourteen days old she was, on the flight of her mother, entrusted to the care of Anne, 
Countess of Morton, one of the famous beauties of the time, who, in 1646, seeing the 
King's affairs becoming daily worse, withdrew her charge to France in the disguise 
of a poor French servant ; the two landed after a distressing voyage and in much alarm. 
They then started from Ostend on foot, and the event induced Waller to write : 

From armed foes to bring a royal prize. 
Shows your brave heart victorious as your eyes. 
If Judith, marching with the general's head. 
Can give us passion when her story's read ; 
What may the living do, which brought away 
Though a less bloody, yet a nobler prey ? 

The Queen and her daughter, according to De Retz, lived in Paris for a time, in poverty 
so deep that they were forced to lie in bed together in bitter weather, because they had no 
money to buy coals. The young princess, nevertheless, at a later time, made a brilliant 
impression on the French court, and in 1660 she was in the zenith of admiration. Louis 
XV. himself danced with her, and professed to be her adorer. Pepys saw her when in 
London, when she returned to England at the Restoration, and, on November 22, 1660, thus 
wrote of her : " The Queen [Henrietta Maria] is a very little, plain old woman, and nothing 
more in her presence in any respect or garbe than any ordinary woman. The Princesse 
[Mary] of Orange I have often seen before. The Princesse Henrietta is very pretty, but 
much below my expectation ; and her dressing of herself with her hair frized short up to 
her eares did make her seem so much the less to me. But my wife standing near her with 
two or three black patches on, and well dressed, did seem to me much handsomer 
than she." In 1660 she left England with her mother to be married to the voluptuary 
Philip, Duke of Orleans, only brother of Louis XIV., who was much older than the 
charming bride of seventeen. The wedding was celebrated with great splendour March 
31, 1661. She lived very unhappily with her husband, and it has often been asserted, 
and was never disproved, that she died of poison administered in succory w-ater at 
his instance, on June 30, 1670, leaving three children, of whom Maria married 
Charles II. of Spain, Anna Maria married Victor Amadeus, Duke of Savoy, founder 
of the Kingdom of Sardinia. The male line of this king ended in 1824, on the death 
of Victor Emanuel I. whose daughter Beatrice married Francis IV., Duke of Modena ; 
her son Francis V., Duke of Modena, became in 1840 the Heir of Line of the 
Stuarts, and was succeeded in 1875 by his niece, Mary Theresa Henrietta Dorothea, 
wife of Prince Ludwig of Bavaria, son of the Regent Luitpold, the present Heiress of 
Line of King Charles I. At the time of the death of Victor Emmanuel L, Lord 
Liverpool, writing to Canning on the question of court mourning, says : " The Sardinians 
are all relations, and there are those who think that the ex-king was the lawful king ot 



40 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



Great Britain to the day of his death. We must, I think, therefore mourn for him." 
{Some Official Correspondence of Catiinng, vol. i. p. 145). 46 X 35 in. 

By P. MiGNARD. Lent by The Duke of Grafton, K.G. 

97. Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans. 

Whole-length, life-size figure, seated beneath a canopy, in three-quarters view to left. 
Holds a small mariner's compass in her left hand ; blue robe embroidered with golden 
fleurs-de-lis ; crown on a table to left. 83 X 48 in. 

By N. DE Largilliere. Lent by The Earl of Home. 

98. Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans. 

Life-size three-quarters length seated figure, seen in three-quarters view to left, 
face in the same direction ; dark hazel eyes to the front. Wearing a pale citron-coloured 
satin dress ; shoulders much exposed ; grey scarf in lap ; brown damask curtain 
landscape, and a fountain behind. 

This picture was given by the duchess to her friend the Lady Anne (born Mackenzie), 
Countess of Balcarres. At Buckingham Palace is one of Lely's finest pictures representing 
Henrietta as Minerva, with a helmet and spear. Miniatures of her are well known and, 
more than any of the large portraits, suggest the peculiar gaiety and brilliant character of 
her beauty. (See C. J. Fox's History of James II., Bishop Burnet's Charles II., and the 
memoirs of Sir W. Temple and Speaker Onslow). 49 X 39 in. 

By Sir P. Lely. Lent by The Earl of Crawford. 

99. Charles 11. going from the Tower to Whitehall, April 22, 1661 

(Processional picture). 

Procession of mounted and walking figures in state costumes advancing from under 
an arch on the right to pass under an arch on the other side of the picture, from which, 
returning to the right, it passes under a third arch and, thence again returning, under a 
fourth arch. Each arch is decorated with flags. On the first arch are written the name 
and titles of Charles II. The figures comprise portraits of James Duke of Ormond, Sir 
R. Browne (Lord Mayor of London), James Duke of York (James II.), Robert Earl of 
Lindsey, the Dukes of Buckingham and Albemarle, James Earl of Suffolk, Lord Grandi- 
son, and the Marquesses of Worcester and Dorchester. 

Pepys under date 21-22 April, 1661, writes : " All the way is so thronged with people 
to see the triumphall arches that I could hardly pass for them. It is impossible to relate 
the glory of the day (22 April) expressed in the clothes of them that rid, and their horses 
and horse-clothes. My Lord Monk rode bare after the king and led in his hand a 
spare horse as being Master of the Horse. The King in a most rich embroidered suit 
and cloak, looked most noble. So glorious was the show with gold and silver, that we 
were not able to look at it, our eyes at last being so overcome." 26 X 79 in. 

By Dirk Stoop. Lent by The Duke of St. Albans. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Portraits. 41 



100. William, Prince of Orange, afterwards William II., Stadtholder. 

Three-quarters length, life-size standing figure in three-quarters view to left ; 
staff in extended right hand, left hand on helmet in front. Dark brown wig, breast- 
plate, brown breeches, sleeves embroidered in lines. 

Prince William of Orange, of the House of Nassau, son of Frederick Henry the 
Stadtholder, was born in 1626, and on the 2nd of May, 1641, was affianced to Mary, 
Princess Royal of England, eldest daughter of Charles I., she being ten and he fifteen 
years of age. Principal Baillie wrote : "On Sunday, in the King's Chapel, both the queens, 
Maria de Medici of France, and Henrietta Maria of England, being present at service, 
the Prince of Wales (afterwards Charles II.), and the Duke of York led in the Princess 
Mary to the chapel, convoyed with a number of ladies of her own age, of nine or ten 
years, all in cloth of silver.' The Prince of Orange went in before the Ambassadors and 
his Cousins of Tremmul and Nassau. The king gave him his bride. Good Bishop Wren 
[of Norwich] made the marriage. At night, before all the Court, they went to bed in the 
Queen's chamber. A little after, the King and Queen bade the bridegroom goodnight as 
their son ; he, as it was appointed, arose, and went to his bed in the King's chamber." 
These rejoicings occurred in the short time between the sentence and execution of the 
great Earl of Straftbrd. See Evelyn's Diary under the date. On his father's death in 1647, 
Prince William was elected Stadtholder of Holland. He was a man of courage and enter- 
prise ; in 1650, attempting to seize Amsterdam in order to make himself absolute, hewas 
foiled and died, not without suspicion of poison, but, it was reported, of small-pox, 
November 6th in the same year, leaving his widow, Mary of England, pregnant of a son, 
born November 14, 1650, who, as William III., became king of Great Britain and 
Ireland. Vertue engraved Van Dyck's portrait of this prince when young. 48 X 39 i". 
By Sir P. Lely. Lent by The Earl of Crawford. 

101. Charles II. When young. 

Bust, half-life size, in three-quarters view to right ; eyes to the front ; ample dark- 
brown wig ; falling collar, breastplate. 

Van Dyck painted several portraits of the Prince of Wales, afterwards Charles II., 
when young, among which the whole-length figure, at about ten years old, in armour, 
leaning on a plumed helmet, and holding a pistol in his right hand, is celebrated ; with it 
may be ranked the younger figure, seven years old, in a group of five children, No. 92 ; a 
second group of three children, both of which are at Windsor ; a third group, which is at 
Turin ; and a fourth, which is at Dresden. The Duke of Portland has a version of the figure 
in armour. Yox one of these examples such a study as that before us may have been 
made. 15X12 in. 

Attributed to Sir A. Van Dvcr. Lent by The Earl of Crawford. 

102. Charles II. Formerly belonging to Father Huddlcston. 

Small half-length figure, in three-quarters view to left ; dark wig and coat ; collar and 
badge of the Garter. 12 X 10 in. 

By Sir G. Knkller. Lent by Francis H. Riddell, Esq. 



42 Exhibitio7i of the Royal House of Stuai't. 



103. Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans. 

Small life-size bust in three-quarters view to right ; dark grey eyes to the front ; 
ringlets ; hair bound with pearls, pearl necklace ; shoulders bare ; yellow muslin (?) scarf 
and blue dress. (See No. 96.) 14 X n in. 

By P. MiGNARD. Lent by The Right Hon. Sir Charles 

W. DiLKE, Bart. 

104. Lords John and Bernard Stuart, Sons of Esme, Duke of 

Lenox. 

Two small whole-length figures of youths in brown coats, breeches, and wigs ; red 
hose ; conversing, one has his right arm on the shoulder of his companion. Landscape 
background. 

Lord John was killed at Cheriton Down, March 29, 1644 : Lord Bernard was slain at 
Rowton Heath, September 26, 1645. See their father's portrait, No. 52. 24 X 17 in. 

Lent by The Duke of Richmond and 
Gordon, K.G. 

105. Henry, Duke of Gloucester (1641-1660), Son of Charles L 

Three-quarters length standing figure in black armour ; bare-headed, wearing dark, 
brown wig ; holds a staff in right hand, left hand on sword. On the right is the capital 
of a column, on which are a helmet and a gauntlet ; behind a landscape with rock and 
trees. 49 X 39 in. 

By W. Dobson. Lent by The Hon. A. Holland-Hibbert. 

106. Henry, Duke of Gloucester, as a child. 

Small, life-size, whole-length figure, seated on a rock, and in three-quarters view to 
left, pointing with right fore-finger to a dog gambolling before him ; wears a white 
lace cap on brown ringlets, and a puce satin frock ; bare legs and arms. 48 X 38 in. 

By Sir P. Lely. Lent by The Duke of Northumberland, K.G. 

107. Charles H. at a Ball given at the Hague on the eve of the 

Restoration. 

In the middle of an open space of the floor of a large chamber, enclosed 
by ladies and gentlemen seated and standing in conversation or looking at the 
performers, Charles II. (see No. 133), wearing a large, flat-rimmed hat and a 
black dress, is dancing with his eldest sister Mary, widow of William II. of Orange, in a 
white dress, the skirts of which she extends with both hands. The King's hat is black, 
the sleeves of his coat are cut to show the shirt within ; his hose, shoes, and breeches 
are black ; the shoes have scarlet heels and large black bows on the insteps ; his dress 



NORTH GALLERY.] Portraits. 43 



is decorated with brown ribbons, and he wears dark-brown gloves. Mary's gown is 
richly embroidered with gold ; her petticoat is of a dark blue. On a red bench behind 
the dancers are seated the queen-mother, Henrietta Maria, Elizabeth Queen of 
Bohemia, and James Duke of York, afterwards James II. The child standing in front 
of the two queens is the son of the Princess Mary, who succeeded his uncle and father- 
in-law as William III. The Duke of Gloucester, the youngest of the royal brothers, is 
seen wearing his hat and the ribbon of the Garter to the right of the Princess Mary. 
The lady sitting between the Duke of York and his mother is Henrietta, who in the 
following year became Duchess of Orleans. Two rows of ladies are on our right ; some 
gentlemen are grouped, standing, on our left, and behind them, on a raised bench, is the 
band, violin and bass-viol players. An opening in the wall behind shows the same party 
at supper. The room is lighted by a chandelier, and sconces, shaped like human arms, 
projecting from the wall on our right. Signed " G. Janssens fecit." 54 X 83 in. 

By G. Janssens. Lent by Her Majesty the Queen, from 

Windsor. 

108. Catherine of Braganza, Queen of Charles II. (1628-1705). 

Life-size three-quarters length standing figure, as St. Catherine, seen in three-quarters 
view to left ; face looking up to right, holding palm and broken wheel ; white 
satin dress and grey scarf. See No. 120, the original picture, which is full length, and with 
winged cherubs' heads. 

This picture represents the queen in the character of St. Catherine, a mode in 
which she caused herself to be painted at whole length by Huysmann, as engraved by 
W. Sherwin and R. Tompson. This portrait was painted for Lord Cliflord of the " Cabal." 
The earrings here depicted were given to him by Queen Catherine, and are still preserved 
at Ugbrooke, Chudleigh, 'seat of the owner of this painting. For the Queen and her 
portraits, see Mr. Cleland's picture, No. no, and Mr. Stephens's piece of beadwork, 
No. 826, in the latter of which she appears with her royal consort in the Portuguese 
costume and coiffure worn on her arrival in England, 1662. In the catalogue by Chiffinch 
of King James's pictures, No. 1191 is the " Queen-Dowager, half-length," marked as by 
Lely, and " unfinished." R. Gaywood's print of this lady, " taken from the original as it 
was presented to Don Francesco de Mello, ambassador of Portugal in London," was 
doubtless from the picture presented to Charles as a sort of voucher of the beauty of the 
bride which her parents, then not long established on the throne of Portugal, sent for 
the purpose to London. Hollar engraved the same portrait. The Strawberry Hill portrait 
is now at Montreal, Kent. See also No. no. 49 X 39 in. 

By Sir P. Lely. Lent by Lord Clifford. 

109. Catherine of Braganza. 

Life-size, three-quarters length figure, sealed at a table on which stands a royal crown ; 
her right hand rests on the orb ; face in three-quarters view to right ; dark hair, bust 
exposed ; bluish-white satin dress ; a red mantle lined with ermine lies across her knees. 
49 X 36 in. 

Lent by LouiSA, Marchioness of Water- 
ford. 



44 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



no. Catherine of Braganza. 

Life-size, three-quarters length figure, seated, face to right ; right hand on a queen's 
crown ; the left hand partially covers her bust with a scarf of tissue ; purple robe, lace, 
blue velvet mantle lined with ermine ; pearl ornaments ; hair in short ringlets. 

This princess, daughter of John IV. of Portugal and Eleanora de Guzman, was born 
in 1638; married, at Portsmouth, after long negotiations about her dowry, to Charles II. 
on the 2ist May, 1662, by whom she was, after a short time, neglected and treated 
with great cruelty. After the King's death she resided for some time at Somerset 
House, and on the Upper Mall at Hammersmith. In March, 1693, she returned to 
Portugal, of which kingdom she, on the retirement of her brother, Pedro II., in 1704, 
became Regent ; she died December 31, 1705, aged 67. There are various descrip- 
tions of her person, including one which stated that, when she stood up after sitting, 
she appeared to have no legs, and Evelyn's, which said that " The Queen arrived [at 
Portsmouth] with a train of Portuguese ladies in their monstrous fardingals and guard- 
infantas, their complexions olivander, and sufficiently unagreeable. Her Majesty in the 
same habit, her foretop [the lock of hair on her forehead] long and turned aside very 
strangely. She was yet of the handsomest countenance of all the rest, and, though low ot 
stature, prettily shaped, languishing and excellent eyes, her teeth wronging her mouth by 
sticking a little too far out ; for the rest lovely enough." Clarendon said, " The Queen 
has beauty and wit enough to make herself agreeable to him [the King] ; and it is very 
certain that, at their first meeting, and for some time afterwards, the King had very good 
satisfaction in her." Stoop, Lely, Wissing, and Huysmans painted various portraits of 
Catherine of Braganza, some of which have been engraved. 

Walpole, who noticed that Kneller painted the portraits of ten sovereigns, did not 
mention one of Catharine of Braganza. 49 X 36 in. 

Attributed to Sir G. Kneller. Lent by John Cleland, Esq., of Stormont. 

111. Prince Rupert (1619-1682). 

Almost identical with No. 91. 46 X 39 in. 

By Sir p. Lely. Lent by The Earl of Ashburnham. 

112. Charles II., painted in tempera. 

Oval, small, half-length figure in white armour, wearing a voluminous black wig and 
Garter ribbon : face in three-quarters view to right. 7 X 6 in. 

Lent by The Duke of St. Albans, 

113. Charles II. when young. 

Oval, small half-length figure in three-quarters view to right, eyes to the front ; 
large dark-brown wig ; breast plate. Garter ribbon. 12X9 in. 

Lent by H. Bell, Esq. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Portraits. 45 



114. James II. and VII. when young. 

Small half-length figure of a child in a pale blue dress ; loose light-brown hair ; face in 
three-quarters view to left, eyes in the same direction. 

Van Dyck painted several portraits of the Duke of York when a child ; they are in the 
groups severally enumerated in the note on the portrait of King Charles IL when young, 
lent by the owner of this example, No. loi. 15 X 12 in 

Attributed to Sir A. Van Dyck. Lent by The Earl of Crawford. 

115. L'Abbe d'Aubigny, Son of Esme, third Duke of Lenox. 

Small whole-length figure in black, bare-headed, seated at a table covered with a 
cloth, on the table are writing materials and an open book, from which he seems to 
have been making an extract, and a crucifix, table-bell, and watch. In the background, 
book-shelves. 

Ludovic Stuart, Lord of Aubigny, son of Esmd, third Duke of Lenox, was a Canon of 
the Church of Notre Dame at Paris, Abbe de Hautfontain, and High Almoner to 
Henrietta Maria and Catherine of Braganza. He was in England in 1662, when he 
privately married Charles IL and Catherine. Created a Cardinal in 1665, he died in Paris 
a few hours after the arrival of the messenger with the calotte. 28 X 21 in. 

Lent by The Duke of Richmond and 
Gordon, K.G. 

116. Prince Henry Frederick, Son of Elizabeth of Bohemia. 

Half-length, small life-size figure of a youth, in three-quarters view to right, eyes 
to the front ; bare-headed, brown hair, white falling ruff, red jerkin embroidered with 
dark brown and silver, blue sleeves embroidered with silver. Behind the head is written 
" Prince Maurice, ^tatis 15, A° 1629 " This appears to be incorrect. 25 X 21 in. 

By M. J. MiREVELDT. Lent by The Marquess of Lothian, K.T. 

117. Charles II. 

Half-length, life-size figure in armour, and a voluminous dark brown wig ; the white 
cravat passes through a large ring of gold, set with dark stones : a gold badge or locket 
hangs on the breast-plate. 25 X 21 in. 

Attributed to G. Honthorst. Lent by Louisa, Marchioness of Waterford. 

118. Charles II. issuing from Whitehall Palace. 

The Whitehall Banquetting House is seen on the left, Holbein's Gate and other 
buildings facing us. In an open carriage with curtains and a flat roof are the king and queen 
and a nobleman in attendance. The carriage is drawn by six piebald horses, one of 
the leaders of which is ridden by a postillion in a red coat ; a mounted outrider leads 



46 Exhibition of the Royal House of Sttiart. 



a horse before the team ; mounted and walking gentlemen attend the coach, some of the 
latter, who wear the royal colours and walk bare-headed, seem to be the king's pages. 
The king wears his hat, the queen is bare-headed ; three large dogs are in front. 43 X 64 in. 

By Dirk Stoop. Lent by Lord Leconfield. 

119. Frances Theresa Stuart, Duchess of Richmond, as Pallas_ 

Large life-size whole-length figure, standing and holding a spear, leaning with her left 
elbow on a pedestal, foot on step; wearing a large helmet with towering plumes, an aegis, with 
gorgon's head ; a loose white robe is seen over her white under-linen ; a dark-blue 
mantle lined with red is thrown over one shoulder and one knee. For " Mrs. Stuart " as 
Britannia on coins and medals, see No. 1080. 

Frances Theresa, daughter of William Stuart, third son of the first Lord Blantyre, 
was one of the beauties at the Court of Charles IL ; she married, in 1667, Charles Lenox, 
fourth Duke of Richmond, and died in 1703. 95 X 52 in. 

By HuYSMANS. Lent by The Duke of Richmond and 

Gordon, K.G. 

1 20. Catherine of Braganza as St. Catherine. 

Whole-length, life-size figure, half-kneeling on a pedestal, holding a palm, looking 
upwards, and resting one hand on a broken wheel ; in white satin dress, and blue 
scarf ; winged cherubs near the queen. Church in the background, heads in clouds. 
Compare No. 108 for a similar picture without cherubs' heads. 81 X 50 in. 

By Huysmans. Lent by The Earl of Verulam. 

121 Mary of Modena, Queen of James IL and VII. 

Three-quarters length, life-size figure seated in a landscape, looking to the front, and 
resting her right hand on a little spaniel crouching beside her. Her amber satin dress 
is open at the bust, and, falling shows the white chemise ; blue scarf. 

Mary Beatrice Eleonora d'Este, daughter of Alphonso IV., Duke of Modena, born 
October 5, 1658, was the adopted daughter of Louis XIV. of France, who paid her a dowry 
of ;i^2oo,ooo ; married by proxy at Modena to James, then Duke of York, September 30, 
1673, she being not yet fifteen years of age ; arrived in England November 21 following. 
" The facts that the Duke's proposals had been accepted," says Defoe, "and his having 
been actually married, were announced to James at the same moment." " The news 
came on Sunday night to the Duke of York that he was a married man ; he was 
talking in the drawing-room when the French Ambassador brought the letters in, and 
told the news : the Duke turned about and said, ' Then I am a married man.' It proved 
to be the Princess of Modena ; for it was rather expected to be Canaples' niece." The 
young bride was extremely beautiful, and distinguished by the elegance of her figure, 
her fair skin, and dark and lustrous eyes which were described by Lord Lansdowp as — 

Those radiant eyes whose irresistless flame 
Strikes envy dumb, and keeps sedition tame. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Portraits. 47 



After five children, Catherine, Charles, Isabella, Elizabeth and Charlotte had been born 
to her, the birth of Prince James Francis Edward (James III., by some called the " Old 
Pretender," and the "Chevalier de St. George") took place at St. James's, June 
10, 1688. Soon after the news had reached London that William of Orange had 
landed at Torbay, the unhappy queen, on the morning ,of December 7, 1688, 
carrying her infant [Prince James] in her arms, stole down the Privy Stairs at 
Whitehall to the river-side. The principal fear of the fugitives was that the cries 
of the baby should attract the attention of the guards. Mary was handed into a 
small boat, the night was extremely dark, with much wind and torrents of rain, and 
the river was greatly swollen. By the gallant soldier, Count de Lauzun, who was 
in charge of the party, a coach had been ordered to meet the fugitives at Lambeth, 
but it did not soon appear. " During the time she was kept waiting, she took shelter 
under the walls of an old church (the existing but much ' restored ' St. Mary'sj at 
Lambeth, turning her eyes, streaming with tears, sometimes upon the prince, un- 
conscious of the miseries which attend upon royalty, and who upon that account raised 
the greater compassion in her breast, and sometimes to the innumerable lights of the 
city, amidst whose glimmerings she in vain explored the palace in which her husband 
was left, and started at every sound she heard from thence." From Lambeth the 
queen was conducted by land to Gravesend. She escaped to France. During the life 
of her husband Mary of Modena, that is till September 16, 1701, resided at St. Ger- 
mains, and took part in many plans for James's reinstatement on the throne. In 
1692 the Princess Louisa, whose portrait is in this gallery. No. 169, was born, and 
proved one of the most beloved of children ; her death of small-pox. May 14, 1712, at 
nineteen years of age, was a cruel loss to Mary, of whom, after that event, not much 
has been recorded. She died at St. Germains, May 7, 1718, aged sixty. In the 
original frame, 48 X 38 in. 

By Sir P. Lely. Lent by The Earl Spencer, K.G. 



122. James, II. and VII., when Duke of York. 

Half-length, life-size figure. The same as the full-length No. 126. 47 39 in. 

By Sir P. Lely. Lent by The Duke of Northumberland, K.G 



123. William III (1688- 1702). 

Half-length, life-size portrait, three-quarters to right, wearing long black wig, 
coronation robes, collar of George of the Garter and lace cravat. 33 X 25 in. 

By Van Boll. Lent by Mrs. Harvey, of Ickwell-Bury. 



48 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stttart. 

124. Mary of Modena, Queen of James II. and VII. 

Life-size half-length figure, in three-quarters view to left, eyes to the front ; blue 
robe trimmed with ermine. 28 x 23 in. 

Lent by Philip J. C. Howard, Esq., of Corbv. 

125. James II. and VII. when Duke of York, aged 14. 

As a youth, with light-brown hair, falling on his neck. Life-size, half-length, in three- 
quarters view to left ; large dark eyes, turned to the front ; white falling collar and 
shirt. Black dress with gold buttons. See also No. 76. 27 X 23 in. 

By Sir P. Lely. Lent by The Duke of Northu:\iberland, K.G. 

126. James II. and VII. when Duke of York. 

A whole-length, life-size standing figure, with the left hand extended as if in 
the act of speaking ; the right hand is at the breast ; voluminous full light-brown hair, in 
coronation robes ; coronet on cushion near figure. Behind a column and red curtains. 
Aged about twenty-five years. This picture corresponds with the portrait in St. 
George's Hall at Windsor. 94 x 54 in. 

By Sir P. Lely. Lent by George Howard, Esq. 

127. James II. and VII. as Duke of York and Lord High Admiral. 

Three-quarters length, life-size figure, turned to right, face nearly in full view, 
eyes to the front ; holding a baton. Wearing a full brown wig, cravat of lace, 
breastplate, sleeves embroidered with flowers in gold and silver, white under-sleeves, red 
sash and ribbons, buff coat. In the background is a marine view, with a large ship 
decorated with flags. She is probably the Royal Sovereign, and her flags allude to the 
fact that the duke improved the then current system of sea-signals. The flags include 
with pennants, the red ensign at the stern, old union jacks at the peak and mizen respec- 
tively, and the red admiralty standard, with the anchor, on the foremost head for the 
Lord High Admiral, a dignity James held from 1660 to the passing of Test Act. He 
was succeeded by Prince Rupert. The Royal Standard is on the mainmast. Sailing 
and rowing-boats are on the sea. 49 x 39 in. 

By Riley (?). Lent by The Marquess of Bute, K.T 

128. Henry Frederick, eldest Son of Frederick and Elizabeth 

of Bohemia. 

Three-quarters length life-size figure ot a child, nearly in full view ; standing and 
holding in the right hand a flower, in the left hand a round basket in which is an apple. 
White dress and cap ; a scarlet ribbon crosses the figure and sustains a gold locket (?). 
28 X 23 in. 

Attributed to CuYP. Lent by the Duchess of St. Albans. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Portraits. 49 



129. James II. and VII. 

Half-length, life-size figure in armour, body turned slightly to right, head to left, eyes 
to the front, wearing a large brown wig. 29 X 24 in. 

By Sir G. Kneller. Lent by LORD Leconfield. 

130. Anne Hyde, Duchess of York (1637-1701). 

A life-size, three-quarters length figure, seated in three-quarters view to right, and 
dipping the tips of her left hand in the water of a fountain, which, with a shell-shaped 
basin, is before her. Dark hair in ringlets, open shoulders and bust, light amber-coloured 
satin dress, white sleeves, and pale blue scarf. Daughter of Edward Hyde, first Earl of 
Clarendon, and first wife of James, Duke of York. 46 X 42 in. 

By Sir P. Lely. Lent by The Duke of Northumberland, K.G. 

131. Anne Hyde, Duchess of York. 

Life-size, three-quarters-length figure, seated in three-quarters view to left, left 
hand on lap, right hand raised, bare-headed, hair in ringlets, amber satin dress and 
darker scarf of the same colour. In the original frame. 48 X 39 in. 

By Sir P. Lely. Lent by The Earl Spencer, K.G. 

132. Charles II. 

Half-length, life-size figure, in three-quarters view to right, the eyes to the front ; 
wearing a large dark wig, white lace cravat, and royal robes. Garter, collar, and badge. 
29 X 24 in. 

By Sir P. Lely. Lent by The Earl Spencer, K.G. 

133. Charles II. 

Half-length, life-size figure in three-quarters view to right, the eyes to the front. 
Wearing a full dark brown wig, white fallmg collar, and buff coat with breastplate over 
(See No. 107). Painted at the Hague. 28 X 23 in. 

By A. Hanneman. Lent by The Duchess of St. Albans. 

134. Charles II. 

Half-length, life-size figure in three-quarters view to left, the eyes to the front. 
Wearing a full, dark brown wig, laced cravat, breastplate, and red coat. 30 X 25 in. 

By Sir P. Lely. Lent by The Duke of St. Albans. 

135. Charles II. Large, full length. 

A full-length, life-size figure, in full view enthroned, crowned, wearing royal robes, and 
holding the sceptre and orb. 109 X 94. 

By PiETER Nason. Lent by H. Graves, Esq. 

D 



50 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



136. James II. and VII., when Duke of York. 

As a youth, standing nearly in full view, left hand at the breast holding the ribbon 
of the Garter, right hand on hip, nearly three-quarters length ; long brown hair, white lace 
falling collar, red dress slashed with white. (See No. 114.) 36 X 28 in. 

By W. DoBSON. Lent by Her Majesty the Queen, from 

Windsor. 

137. Charles Stuart, Fourth Duke of Lenox, Third Duke of 

Richmond, died 1672. 

Half-length, life-size figure in three-quarters view to left, eyes to the front, long 
brown hair, bare-headed, white laced falling collar and dark dress ; curtain behind the 
head. 28 X 25 in. 

Lent by The Duke of Richmond and 
Gordon, K.G. 

138. James, Duke of Monmouth, Natural Son of Charles II. 

(1649- 1 68 5). 

A whole-length, life-size, standing figure nearly in full view ; left hand on hip, right 
holding back the voluminous mantle of blue velvet lined with white satin, while part of his 
robes descends from his shoulders ; collar and jewel of the Garter. 93 X 54 ii^- 
By Sir P. Lely. Lent by The Duke of Buccleuch, K.T. 

139. James, Duke OF Monmouth. Equestrian Portrait. 

Small, whole-length figure in profile to left, wearing a plumed hat, red coat, and 
buff boots, riding a charger which is rearing to that side. In the background, a battle 
near a castle on a hill. 25 X 32 in. 

By Netscher and Wyck. Lent by The Marquess of Bute, K.T. 

1 40. James, Duke of Monmouth. 

As a youth, three-quarters length, small life-size figure in three-quarters view from left ; 
eyes to the front ; leaning on left elbow. Wears a very full light-brown wig, a dead-leaf 
coloured satin coat, and white sleeves. 36 X 29 in. 

By Sir p. Lely. Lent by The Duke of St. Albans. 

141. Mary of Modena, Queen of James II. (1658-1718). 

Oval. Half-length life-size figure, nearly in full view ; face in three-quarters view to 
left, eyes to the front ; dark brown hair in curls ; bare shoulders and open bust, very 
low corsage, white tucker, dark close-fitting gown. 29 X 24 in. 

By Sir P. Lely. Lent by The Earl of Aberdeen. 



i 



NORTH GALLERY.] Portraits. 51 

142. Mary II., Daughter of James II. (1662-1694). 

Half-length, life-size figure, blue dress trimmed with pearls, ermine cloak. 33 x 25 in. 
By Van Boll. Lent by Mrs. Harvey, of Ickwell-Bury. 

143. Prince James Francis Edward, aged one year (1688- 1766). 

Whole-length, nearly life-size figure dressed in white, a white cap, trimmed with red 
ribbons, lying on crimson-velvet cushions, placing the left hand on a crown and turning 
to look at the spectator. Engraved by John Smith, c. 1688. 32 X 35 in. 

By Sir G. Kneller. Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 

144. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. 

A life-size, nearly three-quarter length figure, turned in three-quarters view to left, 
the face and eyes to the front. In armour, except the head, on which is a slightly 
powdered wig ; left hand on hip, right hand on baton. On the breast are the badge 
of the Thistle and the blue ribbon of the Garter. 38 x 28 in. 

By B. Gennari. Lent by Stonyhurst College. 

145. Prince James Francis Edward [james ih, and viil] 

Half-length, life-size figure, in three-quarters view to right ; in armour, except the 
head, on which is a large and fully powdered wig. 28 X 24 in. 

By B. Gennari. Lent by Stonyhurst College. 

146. Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska, Wife of Prince 

James Francis Edward [james in. and viii]. (1702-1735). 

Half-length, life-size figure nearly in full view, eyes to the front and downwards. Hair 
rolled up, fully powdered, and laced with pearls ; open bust, white dress, red mantle 
lined with ermine. (See No. 156.) 28 X 24 in. 

Lent by STONYHURST COLLEGE. 

147. The Marriage of Prince James Francis Edward [james iil 

and VIIL] and Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska. 

The Prince James Francis Edward and his young bride are kneeling side by side at a 
priedieu covered with red, and placed near the middle of the design. He is in the act of 
placing a ring on her finger. The Bishop of Montefiasconi (Sebastian Pampilius Bona- 
ventura), specially appointed for. that purpose by the Pope, Clement XL, is performing 

D 2 



52 Exhibition of the Royal House oj Stuart. 



the ceremony ; he is standing on the step of the altar and attended by priests ; an acolyte 
kneels, holding the service-book, at the side of the prelate. The bridesmaid and other 
ladies and several gentlemen stand or kneel behind the wedded pair. On the other side 
are an ecclesiastic and two laymen, spectators. This ceremony was performed at Rome, 
September i, 1719. 

This picture and the companion work. No. 184, which is by Leone Ghezzi, were 
painted for the Prince and presented by him to the Bishop of Montefiasconi, though 
they appear to have been for a time in the palace of the Cardinal York. They 
remained in possession of the prelate's family, hanging in the Grand Saloon of the old 
Bonaventura Palace at Urbino. Gradually this ancient family died out, and', finally, 
when Olimpia and Ottavia, co-heiresses and last of the race, divided the remaining 
property, nearly all their art-possessions were sold. The pictures were bought in 1845 
by the eighth Earl of Northesk and brought to Scotland. Both contain portraits of 
the persons present at the respective ceremonies. An engaving is mentioned by Mark 
Noble. 95 X 134 in. 

By Carlo M.'^ratti. Lent by The Earl of Northesk. 

148. James Fitz-James, Duke of Berwick, Natural Son of James II. 

(1670-1734). 

Small, three-quarters length figure in state robes, and a large white wig ; right hand 
on hip ; face nearly in full view. 15 X 10 in. 

Lent by H. Graves, Esq. 

149. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.] (1720-1788). 

Half-length, small figure, bare-headed, in dark armour ; face nearly in full view. 
10 X 8 in. 

Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

150. William III. (1650- 1702). 

Small, full-length figure in black armour, bare-beaded, standing with the left hand 
extended ; a baton is in the right hand ; a helmet on the table on the left. 31 X 24 m. 

Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

151. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.] in armour. 

Small, three-quarters length figure, pointing to left with the right hand ; in white 
armour, bare-headed ; helmet on a table at left. From the Bernal Collection. 7 X 5 in. 

Lent by The Hon. R. Baillie-Hamilton. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Portraits. 



152. Prince Charles Edward [charles iil] in trews. 

Small three-quarters length figure in tartan coat and trews ; black hat ; left hand on 
broadsword ; right hand on hip. i6 X 13 in- 
Lent by Viscount Powerscourt, K.P. 

153. Prince James Francis Edward [james iil and viil] 

Half-length, life-size figure, fronting the spectator ; head in three-quarters view to 
left ; brown wig and sleeves, breastplate. 28 X 22 in. 

Lent by Philip J. C. Howard, Esq., of Corby. 

154. Prince James Francis Edward, as an infant. 

Whole-length, life-size figure, seated, nearly in full view, on a red cushion, wearing 
a white dress and apron. On the extended right hand is a parrot. Curtain and land- 
scape in the background. 50 X 37 in. 

By B. Gennari. Lent by Stonyhurst College. 

155. Queen Anne (1665-1714). 

Three-quarter length, life-size figure, three-quarters to right, head facing, crowned ; in 
robes of state ; holding the sceptre in the right hand and orb resting on table to left ; 
she wears the collar and George of the Garter. 50 X 40 in. 

Lent by MRS. Harvey, of Ickwell-Bury. 

156. Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska. 

A life-size, three-quarters length figure to left, in an oval ; low blue velvet dress, open 
corsage, with four jewelled clasps, cloth of gold mantle edged with ermine. 

This portrait of Princess Maria Clementina, wife of Prince James Francis Edward, 
has been at Hawthornden for a long time, and with it the other relics lent by the same 
owner. Of their history nothing more is known. She was a daughter of Prince James 
Sobieski (eldest son of John, King of Poland, the Deliverer of Vienna), and was married by 
proxy at Bologna, May 28, 17 19, and afterwards at Rome, September i, she being then 
only seventeen years of age and of a romantic, impressionable temperament. It had been 
one of the fancies of her childhood that she was destined to become Queen of England, 
and she was always styled so by her playmates. When Prince James was induced to 
take a wife she, having an immense dowry, a most amiable disposition and great 
beauty, was named as one of the most eligible brides in Europe. As the English 
Government desired, it is said, to prevent the Prince from marrying at all, their 
agents opposed every proposal made in his behalf. Private negotiations were there- 
fore conducted, and Charles Wogan, an Irish gentleman, was employed to solicit the 
hand of the Princess ; he said to her: ^^ Hitherto you have enjoyed only an imaginary 



54 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stttart. 



title. I am now come to offer you a real one." The princess and her parents 
eagerly consented to the match, and Wogan was entrusted with the lady in order 
that he might conduct her privately to Bologna, where Prince James was then 
sojourning. Soon, however, the secret treaty which had been made in Poland was 
known in Vienna, and at the instance of the English ambassador there the 
travellers were arrested at Innsbriick, and confined in a convent of that city. 
Prince James was furious at hearing how his bride had been treated, and he agreed 
to Wogan's proposal that she should be released by stratagem. False passports were 
procured, and being disguised as a male servant attending a Mrs. Misset, Clementina, on a 
dark and cold night in April, 17 19, passed out of the convent. The young girl and her 
guides traversed Tyrol and the Venetian territories in disguise, and after much fatigue 
reached Bologna on the 2nd of May. James was then at Madrid, and the bride 
was so eager to see her spouse that, not without difficulty, she was prevented from 
following him to that capital. When the marriage was complete he struck a medal 
to commemorate this achievement, and it bore the motto " Deceptis custodibus, 17 19," 
with a chariot in full speed. The happiness of the pair was very brief. " The 
Queen," wrote Lockhart of Carnwath, "was jealous of an amour 'twixt the King 
and Lady Inverness ; who, with her husband, treated the Queen so insolently, that 
she could not bear it, and was obliged to retire." See The Pretenders and their 
Adherents, 1883, by J. H. Jesse, pp. 55-7. She became the mother of Princes Charles 
Edward and Henry Benedict, Cardinal York, and died at Rome in 1735. 29 x 24 in. 

Lent by SiR James H. W. Drummond, Bart. 
157. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viil]. 

Small, three-quarters length figure in an oval ; nearly in front view ; face in three- 
quarters view to left, eyes to the front ; wearing voluminous wig, breast-plate, blue coat, 
red sash. 9 X 6 in. 

Lent by The Hon. R. Baillie-Hamilton. 



158. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.] as an old man. 

Small, half-length figure, the face in three-quarters view to right, eyes to the 
front ; powdered hair tied with black ribbon, red coat, white cravat, blue ribbon of 
Garter. 9 X 8 in. 

Lent by Blayney R. Townley Balfour, Esq. 

159. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Small, three-quarters length figure in black armour, resting baton on a table on 
right ; bare-headed, face in three-quarters view to right, blue cloak lined with red. 
13 X 10 in. 

By A. Trevisani. Lent by C. Darling, Esq., Q.C, M.P. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Po7'traitS. 55 



160. Prince Charles Edward [charles hl]. 

Life-size, three-quarters length figure, standing with right hand extended as if he were 
in the act of speaking ; left elbow resting on a helmet. Face in three-quarters view to 
right, animated eyes to the front ; wearing a white powdered wig tied with black, puce 
coat embroidered with gold and trimmed with fur, breastplate, blue ribbon, red cloak 
and white sash. 39 X 28 in. 

By T. Blanchet. Lent by W. J. Hay, E.sq., of Duns. 

161. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Three-quarters length, small life-size figure standing in profile to right, head turned 
to the full view ; powdered hair, armour, and red cloak. 32 X 25 in. 

Lent by Sir James H. W. DRUMi\roND, Bart. 

162. Prince Charles Edward [charles iil], as a child. 

Three-quarters length, small life-size figure standing in three-quarters view to left, 
face in the same direction, eyes to the front ; left hand on hip ; powdered hair, breast- 
plate, blue ribbon, embroidered sleeves. 32 X 27 in. 

By B. Gennari. Lent by Stonyhurst College. 

163. Mary II. as Queen (1662-1694). 

Three-quarters length seated figure nearly in full view, face in three-quarters view to 
right, eyes to the front, right elbow on a table ; dark brown hair in ringlets, open bust, 
amber-coloured satin dress, blue mantle. 49 X 40 in. 

By Sir G. Kneller. Lent by The Earl Spencer, K.G. 

164. Mary II. 

Life-size, three-quarters length figure nearly in full view ; hands in front, left elbow on 
a table ; face in three-quarters view to left ; bare-headed, open bust. ■ Red dress and 
blue mantle. 49 X 39 in. 

By W. WissiNG. Lent by The Earl Spencer, K.G. 

165. Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska. 

Three-quarters length, life-size figure, seated nearly in full view, face in three-quarters 
view to left, left hand on a crown placed at her side ; powdered hair, bare bust, white 
dress, blue ribbon, red mantle {Sec No. 156). 39 X 28 in. 

By T. Blanchet. Lent by W. J. Hay, Esq., of Duns. 



56 Exkidition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



166. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. 

Small life-size figure of a boy turned nearly in profile to right, pointing in that 
direction with the left hand ; in the right hand is a hat trimmed with feathers ; brown 
hair, scarlet coat embroidered with gold, blue ribbons and medal. 28 X 22 in. 

By P. DE MiGNARD. Lent by The Earl of Fife, K.T. 

167. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. 

Three-quarters length, life-size figure in armour, standing, and pointing with the right 
hand holding a baton to a map lying at his side, blue ribbon over breastplate. Bare 
head, powdered wig. Page standing on the left. 67 X 48 in. 

Lent by The Trustees of Blairs College, 
Aberdeen. 



168. Prince Charles Edward [charles iil] 

Half-length life-size figure in armour in three-quarters view to left ; bare-headed ; 
blue ribbon. The picture is inscribed "Prince de Galle." 25 X 19 in. 

Lent by Louisa, Marchioness of Waterford. 

169. Princess Louisa Maria Theresa, daughter of James II. and 

Mary of Modena (1692-17 12). 

Three-quarters length figure of a child standing near a table with flowers, and facing 
us ; face nearly in full view, holding flowers in left hand ; blue dress, bare head, own 
hair ; red mantle lined with white. (See Note to No. 121.) 28 X 22 in. 

By P. DE MiGNARD. Lent by The Earl of Fife, K.T. 

170. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Three-quarters length, small life-size figure of a young man, face in three-quarters 
view to left, falling brown hair without powder, breastplate, red coat, blue ribbon. 
Painted when Charles was twelve years of age. 29 X 24 in. 

Lent by P. A. W. Carnegy, Esq. of Lour. 

171. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi]. 

Replica of No. 162. 32 X 25 in. 

Lent by Sir James H. W. Drummond, Bart 



NORTH GALLERY.] Portraits. 57 

172. Queen Anne (1665-1714) and Her Son William, Duke of 
'^ Gloucester (1689- 1700). 

Three-quarters length, Hfe-size seated figure, nearly in full view, face in three-quarters 
to left, bare-headed, wearing her own hair, without powder. With both hands she 
holds the young duke, a little boy, leaning at her left knee ; open bust, brown dress 
white sleeves, blue mantle lined with white. 48 X 39 in. 

By Dahl. Lent by The Earl Spencer, K.G. 

173. Mary of Modena, Queen of James II. and VII. 

Three-quarters length, life-size figure, reclining on left elbow to right, and with her 
right resting on a lap-dog ; face in three-quarters view to left, eyes to the front. 
Brown hair falling in ringlets on shoulders ; open bust, loose white linen under a dark 
amber-coloured satin robe. See No. 121. 50 X 40 in. 

Lent by The Earl of Denbigh. 

174. Princess Louisa, of Stolberg, as Queen (1752- 1824). 

Small three-quarters length figure standing facing the spectator, with left elbow- 
resting on a pedestal, which is covered with blue velvet ; sceptre in left hand ; with her 
right hand she holds a long tress of hair brought from behind her shoulder ; face fronting 
us ; compact powdered hair, bust bare, brown boddice, red petticoat, blue mantle lined 
with ermine. Daughter of Gustavus Adolphus, Prince of Stolberg-Goedern ; married 
to Prince Charles Edward, at Paris, 26th March, 1772. 13 X 10 in. 

By A. Trevisanl Lent by C. Darling, Esq., M.P. 

175. Prince Henry Benedict, Cardinal, Duke of York [henry ix.) 

Small half-length figure in an oval : face in three-quarters view to right, eyes in the 
same direction ; red tippet, white powdered hair. 9 X 8 in. 

Lent by Bl.a.yney R. Townley Balfour, Esq. 

176. Prince Henry Benedict, Cardinal, Duke of York [henry ix.). 

Young, life-size three-quarters length figure in three-quarters view to left ; eyes to 
the front, right hand on helmet, left hand on hip ; hair in powder, breastplate, buff 
sleeves and gloves, blue ribbon, badge of Thistle on the breast, ermine cloak. 39 X 28 in. 
By T. Blanchet. Lent by W. J. Hay, Esq., of Duns. 

177. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. 

Life-size, three-quarters length figure, standing in profile to left, powdered wig, right 
hand resting on a baton, left hand on hip ; red mantle lined with ermine, and worn over 
armour. 39 X 28 in. 

By T. Blanchet. Lent by W. J. Hay, Esq., of Duns. 



58 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



178. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Small half-length figure in an oval, in three-quarters view to left, eyes to the front ; 
blue cap with white rosette, blue ribbon, tartan coat. 

This portrait of the young Prince was given by him to a lady of the Loudoun family. 
4 X 3 in. 

Lent by Lord Donington. 

179. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Half-length life-size figure in armour, and in three-quarters view to left ; bare- 
headed, powdered hair ; eyes to the front. Formerly in the possession of Cardinal 
York. 26 X 19 in. 

Lent by Lord Braye. 

ISO. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.] in a Polish dress. 

Small life-size, three-quarters length figure in a Polish costume, a red coat 
braided on the breast, and mantle lined with fur on the shoulders, plumed cap on head ; 
left hand on sword-hilt, right hand on hip. 

This picture was presented by Prince Charles Edward to his father's god-daughter, 
Clementina Jacobina Sobieska Macdonald, who was related in blood to Flora Macdonald, 
and an ardent Jacobite. She married Herr Schnell of Kew, who, as tutor to Ernest 
Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, afterwards King of Hanover, was attached to the house- 
hold of George IIL She bequeathed it to Lady Cullum. The picture is interesting 
as representing the prince in a costume of his mother's country. 42 X 28 in. 

Lent by Gery Milner-Gibson-Cullum, Esq. 

181. Prince Henry Benedict, Cardinal, Duke of York [henry ix.]. 

Life-size, three-quarters length figure, in three-quarters view to left, holding an 
open book with both hands, and turning towards the front as if he read aloud from its 
pages. Cardinal's cape ; crown and mitre on cushion in front. 39 X 28 in. 

Lent by The Duke of Hamilton, K.T. 

182. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.], aged about thirteen years. 

Half-length, small life-size figure, standing nearly in profile to right, turning his face 
to look at the spectator ; brown wig, dark breast-plate, maroon coat. 28 X 23 in. 

Lent by Philip J. C. Howard, Esq., of Corby. 

183. Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska. 

Half-length figure, face in three-quarters view to left, eyes to the front, powdered 
hair, open bust, blue cloak, red gown. See No. 156. 27 X 23 in. 

Lent by Stonyhurst College. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Po7^traits. 59 



184. The Baptism of Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

The companion picture to No. 147, which is by Carlo Maratti. Before the Bishop of 
Montefiesconi, who is likewise represented in the marriage scene, a kneeling female atten- 
dant holds the infant, dressed in red, while he is in the act of blessing the child. Prince 
James Francis Edward stands near the prelate : behind him are four cardinals. On the 
opposite side of the composition are many ladies, priests, cardinals, and the Governor 
of Rome, wearing a handsomely-embroidered coat. This ceremony occurred on the 
31st December, 1720. Fourteen of the English, Scottish, and Irish nobility were present 
at the ceremony, which took place five hours after the birth of the infant. There were also 
seven cardinals, and, of the Prince's entourage, the Duke of Perth, the Earls of Mar, Inver- 
ness, and Dunbar ; the cardinals included Paolucci and Barberini, in the name of the Pope; 
Gualtieri, as " Protector of England" ; Sacripranti, as " Protector of Scotland" ; Impe- 
riali, as "Protector of Ireland"; Ottoboni, as "Protector of France"; Aquaviva, as 
Minister of Spain ; Panfili, as Senior of the Cardinal Deacons ; and Albani, as Camer- 
lengo. The Bishop of Segni, as titular "Archbishop of Wales," is likewise represented, 
with Falconieri, the Governor of Rome. The identification of the portraits has 
been made difficult by the loss of the key to the design. The present owner is now 
endeavouring to complete the catalogue of persons in the picture. 95 X 13S in. 

By P. L. Ghezzi. Lent by The Earl of Northesk. 

185. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.] in a tartan dress, 

A small, whole-length figure in tartan jacket and trews, standing nearly in full view ; 
the left hand is on a broadsword hilt ; blue cap, white hose, landscape background. The 
jacket, No. 778, in case M, is of the same tartan. 29 X 22 in. 

Lent by The Hon. R. Baillie-Hamilton. 

186. Princess Louisa, of Stolberg. 

Half-length life-size, in three-quarters view to left, playing on a lute. See'^o. 174. 
28 X 24 in. 

Lent by Stonyhurst College. 

187. Princess Louisa Maria Theresa, Daughter of James IL 

and VII. 

Three-quarters length, small life-size figure of a girl, turned to left, the face in full 
view, holding flowers in left hand ; flowers in hair, blue dress. 28 X 22 in. 

Lent by Philip J. C. Howard, Esq., of Corby. 

188. Princess Louisa, of Stolberg. 

Small whole-length figure, seated, having just taken off a black mask ; a dog is at her 
feet. Blue dress embroidered with gold ; behind, a red curtain, and landscape seen under 
an arch. See No. 174. 27 X 22 in. 

Lent by The Duke of Beaufort, K.G. 



6o Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



189. Prince Henry Benedict, Cardinal, Duke of York [henry ix.]. 

Half-length, life-size figure, in three-quarters view to right, holding paper in his 
hands ; in cardinal's dress. This picture belonged to the Cardinal. 29 X 24 in. 

Lent by LORD Braye. 

190. Prince Henry Benedict, Cardinal, Duke of York [henry ix.]. 

Almost the same as No. 189 ; crown on marble table on the right in front of the 
figure. 29 X 24 in. 

Lent by The Trustees of Blairs College, 

Aberdeen. 

191. Arthur Capell, First Baron Capell of Hadham. Beheaded, 

1649. 

Life-size, three-quarters length figure, seated in three-quarters view to right, left 
hand on the arm of the chair ; black dress, falling lace collar On the frame is inscribed 
pro Rege, lege et grege. 40 X 36 in. Lent by The Earl of Essex. 

192. John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee (1650- 

1689). 

Three-quarters length, life-size figure, in three-quarters view to left, eyes to the 
front, right hand on leading staff, left hand on hip ; brown wig, white lace cravat, brown 
mantle over breastplate, white sleeves. Engraved by R. Williams. 48 X 38 in. 

Lent by The Earl of Strathmore. 

193. George Monk, Duke of Albemarle, K.G. (1608-1670). 

Life-size, three-quarters length figure, in three-quarters view to left ; brown wig, buff 
coat ; anchor in front. 6i X 42 in. 

Lent by The Earl of Verulam. 

194. George Villiers, First Duke of Buckingham, K.G. (i 592-1628). 

Three-quarters length, life-size figure, in three-quarters view to right ; face nearly 
in full view, eyes to the front, letter in right hand ; brown hair, upturned moustache, 
small pointed beard, white lace collar, white silk coat and hose, ribbon and badge of the 
Garter ; plumed hat on table. 62 X 42 in. 

Lent by The Earl of Verulam. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Portraits. 6i 



195. John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee (1650- 

1689). 

Life-size, half-length figure nearly in full view, the face in three-quarters view to 
left ; voluminous dark brown wig, white cravat, black armour. 29 X 24 in. 

Lent by The Lady Elizabeth Leslie 
Melville-Cartwright. 

196. Arthur Elphinstone, Fifth Lord Balmerino (1688-1746^ 

Oval, life-size, half-length figure, turned in three-quarters view to left, face looking 
to the front over the left shoulder ; white cravat, bare-headed, brown hair, dark armour. 
29 X 24 in. 

Lent by The Earl of Northesk. 

197. Flora Macdonald. Died 1790. 

Half-length, life-size figure ; face nearly in full view to the front, open bust, left elbow 
resting on table. White rose in dark brown hair, blue close-fitting gown, red and white 
roses at the bosom, white sleeves, tartan plaid over shoulders, holding a wreath in 
left hand. From the Bodleian Library. Painted in 1749; engraved by J. McArdeli. 
29 X 24 in. 

By Allan Ramsay. Lent by The University of Oxford. 

198. Flora Macdonald. Died 1790. 

Life-size, three-quarters length figure in full view, open bust ; head in three-quarters 
view to left ; white rose in dark brown hair. Eyes to the front ; red tartan gown, 
white breast knot, blue scarf 

In the background of this famous lady's likeness is a curious Latin inscription signed 
" W. Robertson," and referring to the escape of Prince Charles Edward from his pursuers 
while in the disguise of" Betty Burke," the supposed maid-servant of Flora Macdonald, 
in which character he travelled from South Uist and encountered much fatigue and 
many dangers. Hugh Macdonald of Armadale, who was commanding a party of militia 
ordered out to capture the Prince, and who was the stepfather of Flora, finding she had been 
locked up in a guardhouse while seeking a disguise for the fugitive, ordered her release, 
and furnished passes for her, Niel Mackechan, and " Betty Burke." At the same time he 
wrote to his wife recommending "Betty" for service as "an Irish girl, who, she tells me, 
is a good spinster. If her spinning pleases you, you may keep her till she spins all our 
lint ; or, if you have any wool to spin, you may employ her. I have sent Niel Mackechan 
along with your daughter and Betty Burke to take care of them." Flora was the daughter 
of Macdonald of Milton in South Uist, who lived with her stepfather at Armadale, as above. 
The best narrative of his adventures is that of Mackechan, published in the New Monthly 
Magazine, 1840. O'Neal, Charles's companion, furnished another record. The Prince was 
described as presenting a tall ungainly figure in a " flowered linen gown, a light-coloured 
and quilted petticoat, a white apron, and a mantle of dun camlet, made, after the Irish 
fashion, with a hood." While in the boat in which he left the island he sat by the side 
of his brave protectress, singing gay ballads and telling stories of foreign adventure. 



62 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



After many perils the party landed at Raasay, an island possessed by one of the Macleods, 
who had fought at Culloden, and was a zealous partisan of the Stuarts. Macdonald of 
Kingsburgh, a factor of Sir Alexander Macdonald, of Kilbride, went to meet the Prince 
and found him in the form of one "dressed in very ill-fitting woman's attire, who came 
towards him brandishing a thick stick." " Are you Macdonald of Kingsburgh ? " said 
the strange person suspiciously. At Kingsburgh's house, his daughter, seven years old, 
rushed into the room and announced that " her papa had brought home the most odd, 
muckle, ill-shaken up wife she had ever seen." See The Life and Times of Prince 
Charles Stuart, 1875, by A. C. Ewald, ii. chapters 2 and 3. The sheets in which Charles 
Edward slept at Kingsburgh's house served as the grave-clothes of the so-called " Lady 
Kingsburgh," his wife, and Flora Macdonald. He continued to wear the dress of '' Betty 
Burke " until, reaching a wood near Portree, he changed that attire for a Highland dress, 
and the discarded clothes were given to Mr. Macdonald, who subsequently burnt 
them. He, as well as Flora Macdonald, with whom the Prince parted at Portree, was 
soon afterwards captured and imprisoned, he for two years, she for a few months. 
She was released, it is said, at the intercession of Frederick, Prince of Wales. 

Flora married Alexander Macdonald the Younger, of Kingsburgh, and was the mother 
of several children ; she died, aged seventy, at her home in Skye. Her meeting with 
Dr. Johnson and Boswell during their trip in the Highlands is well known. 29 X 24 in. 

By W. Robertson. Lent by Lord Donington. 

199. View of the Palace of Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.] 

AT Rome, with the Prince, Henry Benedict, Cardinal, 
Duke of York [henry ix.], and others. 

The white stone edifice is seen in front, in sunlight ; a garden, with a fountain and 
trees, one on either side, are near the foreground ; small figures of men and ladies 
appear in the front. 10 X 17 in. 

By H. Van Lint. Lent by The Hon. R. Baillie-Hamilton. 

200. Mrs. Jane Lane, afterwards Lady Fisher. Died 1689. 

Half-length small figure ; head in three-quarters view to right, black hood drawn over 
the head ; white muslin collar and cape. Engraved by Vertue in Clarendon's " History." 
Mrs. Jane Lane assisted Charles II. in his escape after the battle of Worcester, in 165 1. 
12 X 10 in. 

Lent by W. M. Hardinge, Esq. 

201. John Ashburnham (1693-1671). 

Half-length small figure, in armour ; head in three-quarters view to right, eyes to the 
front, falling white collar, dark armour. Shield of arms on our left of the head. (See 
No. 370.) 12 X 10 in. 

Lent by The Rev. F. G. Lee, D.D. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Portl'-aits. . 6 



J 



202. Francis Atterbury, Bishop of Rochester (1662-1732). 

Life-size, half-length figures in three-quarters view to left, eyes to the front, 
powdered wig, canonicals. In the background is written " Frauds Atterbury, D.D., Dean 
of Christchurch, 171 1. Bishop 0/ Rochester, 171 3." Engraved by Simon. 29 X 24 in. 
By Sir G. Kneller. Lent by Christ Church, Oxford. 

203. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.] as a boy. 

Small life-size figure of a boy, standing nearly in full-view, eyes to the front, right arm 
extended with the hand pointing to the Prince of Wales's coronet, and " Ich Dien " on a 
table at our left ; left hand on hip ; powdered wig ; embroidered grey coat, dark breeches, 
grey stockings, black shoes. 58 X 44 in. 

By B. Gennari (?) Lent by Stonyhurst College. 

204. LuDOViCK Stuart, Second Duke of Lenox and First Duke 

OF Richmond (1574-1624). 

Life-size, three-quarters length figure, standing bareheaded, and holding in the right 
hand his plumed cap, in the left his long white wand of office as Lord Steward of the 
Household (1603 — 1618). In his robes as peer, wearing the Garter, collar, and badge, a 
white ruff and court sword. Brown hair and beard. 62 X 42 in. 

By GoRTzius Geldorp. Lent by The Earl of Verulam. 

205. William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury (i 573-1643). 

Standing, leaning with the right elbow on a pillar, the left hand hanging at side ; face 
turned three-quarters view to left ; eyes to the front. Bishop's cap and robes. 49 X 39 in. 

After Sir A. Van Dyck. Lent by St. John's College, Oxford. 

206. William Juxon, Bishop of London (i 582-1663). 

Three-quarters length life-size figure, seated in a chair, and in three-quarters view to 
right ; face nearly in full view, the eyes to the front ; left hand on table, right hand 
on arm of the chair. In the original frame. Below the figure is written: " £x dono 
VVilhebni Rollinsoti filii utiice Josephi Rollinson de Com. Oxon. Gen. et huji/s Coll. sup. 
Ord. Comensalis." 57 x 43 in. 

Lent by St. John's College, Oxford. 

207. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi.] and his Sister, 

Princess Louisa Maria, when young. 

Whole length, life-size figures. They stand in a garden ; he, caressing a greyhound 
with his right hand, is dressed completely in red, with black feather-edged tricorne under 
left arm and riband of the Garter across the body. She is in a white satin dress, 
long train, lace point, Fontange or tower headdress, and holds a sprig of orange 
blossom in left hand. {See Nos. 121, 169.) 74 x 56 in. 

By N. DE Largilliere. Lent by The Earl of Orford. 
\See Central Hall.'] 



64 Exhibition of the Royal House of Sttiart. 



208. Prince Henry Benedict, Cardinal, Duke of York, as a boy. 

Whole-length life size, in court dress, with greyhound jumping up at a chair to his 
right. 74 X 55 in. 

Lent by The Earl of Orford. 
\See Central Hall^ 

209. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Life-size, wearing a cuirass and ermine robe. 74 X 56 in. 

By Blanchet. Lent by The Earl of Orford. 

\^See Ce?itral Hall.'] 

210. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Small full-length figure, facing, head three-quarters to left, in kilt and plaid of red 
tartan, light blue jacket and tartan hose, ribbon and star of the Garter. He points to 
his target, claymore, pistol, horn, and blue bonnet with white cockade on his right ; battle 
in the distance. Below the inscription " Coelo Duce Comite Veritate. W. Robertson." 
The tartan resembles that now known as the Macgregor or Rob Roy, and is identical 
with that in which Flora Macdonald is dressed in No. 198, by the same artist. Pieces 
of the same tartan are shown in cases I. and J. 29 X 26 in. 

By W. Robertson. Lent by S. M. Keith Douglas, Esq. 

211. Prince Henry [ix.] Benedict, Cardinal, Duke of York. 

Half-length life-size figure, three-quarters to right, in cardinal's robes ;.he rests'left 
hand on Bible and holds in his right a letter inscribed " Eitf et Em'"" Sig' 
Sig'' Cardinale, Duca di YorckP 37 X 28^ in. 

\See Balcony.'] Lent by J. C. Hooker, Esq., of Rome. 



WEST GALLERY.] Mtfiiahtres. 65 



CASE A-West Gallery. 

MINIATURES. 

212. Mary, Queen OF Scots. 

By J. Janet. Lent by Her Majesty the Queen. 

This miniature is thus described in Charles L's own copy of the Catalogue of his 
pictures by A. Vanderdoort : " Item, don upon the righte lights the second picture of 
Queen Maria of Scotland upon a blew grounded square card dressed in her haire in a 
carnation babbitt laced with small gould lace and a string of pearls about her neck in a 
little plaine falling band shee putting on her second finger her wedding ringe. Supposed 
alsoe to bee done by the said Jennett." 

213. Mary, Queen of Scots, in a small oval reliquary. 

Lent by The Countess Isabel Curtis Cholmeley. 

214. Mary, Queen of Scots, full black dress ; formerly belonging to 

Mary de Medicis. 

Lent by LORD Braye. 

215. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Photograph from a drawing in chalks by Janet, formerly in the Sainte-Genevieve ; 
now in the Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris. Lent by George Scharf, Esq., C.B. 

215*. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Photograph from a drawing in chalks by Janet, formerly in the Sainte-Genevieve ; 
now in the Bibhotheque Nationale, Paris. Lent by George Scharf, Esq., C.B. 

216. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Portrait of Mary, Queen of Scots, at nine years and a half old. See the note 
on the drawing by Janet of Francis II. of France when a child, No. 218. This similar 
drawing of that King's future wife was executed in a like manner. The portrait is to 
the waist, in three-quarters view to left, the eyes being in that direction. Mary 
wears a close-fitting and richly embroidered coif jewelled at the front edge and crown. 
Her gown, cut low and rising at the middle of the bust, is likewise embroidered and 
jewelled ; the sleeves are puffed and slashed to show the lining, with jewels between each 
slash. She wears a carcanet, an earring with a pendent pearl ; a chain of jewels crosses 
her shoulders and is looped to the upper edge of the gown. At the side of the head is 
written, vertically, " Marie royne descosse au le age de ?tetif a?is et six niois Lan 1552 au 
viois de Juillety 

Chalk drawing by J. Janet. Lent by George Howard, Esq. 

E 



66 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stttart. 



217. Magdalen of France, first wife of James V. of Scotland, as a child. 

This drawing of the Queen Magdalen of Scotland — a head — is, like the above, by 
Janet, and from the Castle Howard collection. She appears as a baby, wearing a loose 
cap. The face is in a three-quarters view to left : the eyes are in the same direction. 
Above the head is written, as before, " Le Royne Madellaine descose.'" 

Sketch by J, Janet. Lent by George Howard, Esq. 

218. Francis II. of France, as a Child. 

Drawing by Francois Clouet, or Janet, called " Clouet III.," on white paper and made 
with black and red chalks, after the manner of the artist, his father, Dumoustier, and 
others, as well as, at a later date, Albert Di.irer and Holbein. Great numbers of similar 
examples exist in the British Museum, at Windsor, at the Louvre, and, till lately, when they 
were sold, in one of the richest private collections in London. Those at Castle Howard, of 
which this example and others now in the Gallery are specimens, are, on the whole, the 
most numerous and interesting. That collection embraces instances of the same kind by 
all the above-named artists and others. They appear to have been made as sketches and 
studies, and not necessarily in preparation for pictures. The chalk drawings of portraits 
by Holbein, now preserved at Windsor, were, on the other hand, intended to be traced 
on panels or canvases. Many of Holbein's drawings of this category show indented lines 
produced by styles when the portraits were transferred. None of the Castle Howard 
drawings show such lines. It is therefore presumed they were not made for tracing in 
preparation for paintings. 

This example shows a boy of about four years old, to the waist, wearing a flat embroi- 
dered and plumed cap, close-fitting jerkin tied with points, and a small ruff. The face 
is in three-quarters view to left, the eyes are to the front and look at the spectator. 
On the paper above the head is written with ink in an old hand : " Le feu roi francois 
2 e estcant D' auphinP The words show that they were written after the King's death and 
that the drawing represents him while he was Dauphin of France. 

Sketch by J. Janet. Lent by George Howard, Esq. 

219. Francis II. of France, as Dauphin. 

Portrait of Francis II. of France when Dauphin at eight years old. See the note on the 
other portrait, No. 218, by Janet of the same person and, like this, belonging to the collec- 
tion at Castle Howard. The young prince is here represented in three-quarters view to 
left, the eyes to the front ; wearing a flat cap embroidered at the edges with flowers, which 
have been touched with red. A small plume is on the left of the cap. His wadded jerkin 
is embroidered, and puffed on the shoulders. At the side is written, as in the other 
portrait, '■'■ Francoys Dmtphin de france en le age de huict ans et cinq mois mi viois de 
Juillet Van 1552." 

Sketch by J. Janet. Lent by George Howard, Esq. 

220. Francis II. of France. 

See the note on the similar portrait of Francis II. of France when a child, No. 218. 
This example is touched with red: the figure is shown to the waist, in three-quarters view 



WEST GALLERY.] Miniatures. 67 



to left ; the face is similarly shown : the eyes are to the front. Over the head is written 
as above, " Le Roy francois Segond." 

Sketch by J. Janet. Lent by George Howard, Esq. 

221. Princess EliZxYBETH, daughter of James I., afterwards Queen of 

Bohemia. 
By HiLLiARD. Lent by Mrs. Singleton. 

222. The Countess of Lenox. 

By L Oliver. Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

223. Elizabeth Curle, photograph of monument erected to her in the 

Church of St. Andrew, Antwerp. Above is the head of Mary, Queen 
of Scots, as in the Memorial Picture lent by Blairs College. No. 39. 

Lent by George Scharf, Esq., C.B. 

224. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Not contemporary. Lent by LORD Willoughby de Eresby. 

225. Mary, Queen of Scots, oval gilt frame 

Not contemporary. Lent by Lord Willoughby de Eresby. 

226. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Not contemporary. Lent by Lady Elizabeth Leslie-Melville- 

Cartwright. 



227. Charles I. 



Lent by Lord Willoughby de Eresby. 



■ 228. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Not contemporary. Lent by The Earl of Mar and Kellie. 

228"^. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Not contemporary. Lent by Mrs. H. C. Kennard. 

E 2 



68 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



FIFTEEN MINIATURES LENT BY THE DOWAGER LADY ORDE. 

229. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

By N. Milliard. 

230. Lady Arabella Stuart. 

By P. Oliver. 

231. Henry, Prince of Wales, son of James I. 

By L Oliver. 

232. Henry, Prince of Wales. 

By N. Hilliard. 

233. Prince Charles, afterwards Charles I. 

By N. Milliard. 

234. Princess Elizabeth, daughter of James I., Queen of 

Bohemia. 

By P. Oliver. 

235. Lewis Philip, Brother of Frederick V., Elector Palatine, 

King of Bohemia. 
By P. Oliver. 

236. Henrietta, daughter of Frederick and Elizabeth of 

Bohemia. Signed " N. Thaeb," 1649. 

This miniature has been called Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans, daughter of Charles I., 
b. 1644. It is identified as her first cousin by a picture at Combe Abbey. 

The above eight miniatures come from the Cabinet of Louis XVI., and were placed there 
by James II. with some jewels, when he went to St. Germains ; in the time of the Directory 
they were sent back to England. 



WEST GALLERY.] Miniatiires. 69 



237. James I. 

By N. HiLLlARD. 

238. Charles II. 

Said to be by J. Petitot the younger. 

239. James II. Given by Mr. Byers, who had it from Prince Charle.s 

Edward [CHARLES hl], in 1788. 

By J. Petitot the younger. 

The above eleven miniatures formerly belonged to James Edwards, Esq., of Pall 
Mall and Harrow. 

240. Anne of Denmark. 

241. A Daughter of Prince Maurice (.?) 

242. Charlotte, Duchess of Albany, Natural Daughter of 

Prince Charles Edward. 

243. James Fitzjames, Duke of Berwick. 

The above four miniatures were bought at Lord Beauchamp's sale, February, 1827. 

244. James I. of Scotland. Lent by lord willoughby de Eresby. 

244*. Annabella Drummond, Wife of Robert III. 

Lent by LORD Willoughby de Eresby. 

245. James V. From a portrait in Drummond Castle. 

Lent by Lord Willoughby de Eresby. 

246. Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia. 

Lent by Mrs. Singleton. 

247. James I. and VI. 

By N. Hilliard. Lent by The Earl of Wharncliffe. 

248. Anne of Denmark. 

By N. Hilliard. Lent by The Earl of Wharncliffe. 



JO Exhibition of tJie Royal House of Stuart. 



249. Anne of Denmark. 

By I. Oliver. Lent by Her Majesty The Queen. 

249a. James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell. 

Lent by The Hon. Mrs. Boyle. 

249b. Lady Jane Gordon, Wife of James, Earl of Bothwell. 

Lent by The Hon. Mrs. Boyle. 

250. Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia. 

By N. HiLLiARD. Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

251. Henry, Prince of Wales, son of James I. 

By L Oliver. Lent by Mrs. Singleton. 

252. Henry, Prince of Wales. 

Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

253. Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia. 

By p. Oliver. Lent by The Right Hon. Sir Charles W. 

DiLKE, Bart. 

254. Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia. 

Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

255. Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia (from the Addington Collection). 

By J. Hoskins. Lent by Henry H. Gibes, Esq. 

256. Charles I., as a boy. Lent by Charles Davis, Esq. 

257. Charles I. (enamel) 

By J. Petitot. Lent by Mrs. Singleton. 

258. Charles I. Sketch slightly tinted. 

By P. Oliver. Lent by George Musgrave, Esq. 

259. Charles I. (in oil) Lent by Henry H. Gibbs, Esq. 



WEST GALLERY,] Miuiatures. J I 



260. Charles I. (worked in hair). 

Lent by Sir Alfred Trevelyan, Barf. 

261. Charles I. (in oil). Lent by The Right Hon. Sir Charles W. 

DiLKE, Bart. 

262. Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia (.?) (in oil). 

Lent by Mrs. Singleton. 

263. Charles I. Lent by Edward Frewen, Esq. 

263*. Charles I. 

By Petitot. Lent by The Baroness Burdett Coutts. 

264. Charles I. 

By D. De Grange. Lent by Gery Milner-Gibson-Cullum, 

Esq. 

265. Charles I. Lent by Miss Margaret E. Mackenzie. 

266. Charles I. Signed " S. C." (Samuel Cooper). 

Lent by Wilson Crewdson, Esq. 

267. Sir William Dugdale. Lent by Mrs. Stratford Dugdale. 

268. Charles I., as he sat on his trial in Westminster Hall, Jan. 23, 1648. 

Lent by SiR Julian Goldsmid, Bart., M.P. 

268*. Plaque of Dutch Delft, with portrait of Charles I. 

Lent by C. D. Fortnum, Esq. 

269. Lucius Cary, Viscount Falkland. 

Lent by The Rev. F. G. Lee, D.D. 

270. Charles I., in needlework. 

Worked by his sister, Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia. 

Lent by Charles F. Fellows, Esq. 



72 Exhibitio7i of the Royal House of Stuart. 



271. Charles II. 

By S. Cooper. Lent by The Earl of Wharncliffe. 

272. Charles II. 

By J. Petitot. Lent by The Duke of Richmond and 

Gordon, K.G. 

272*. Charles II. 

By Petitot. Lent by The Baroness Burdett Coutts. 



273. Charles II. (enamel) 



Lent by Charles Davis, Esq. 



274. Charles II. 

By P. Danckaerts de Ry. Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

275. Charles II. 

Lent by F. T. Read, Esq. 

276. Lady Arabella Stuart. 

By Milliard. Lent by C. Magniac, Esq. 

277. Charles II. (set in diamonds). 

Lent by Mrs. Stratford Dugdale. 

278. Charles II. 

By S. Cooper. Lent by The Duke of Richmond and 

Gordon, K.G. 
One of the largest of this painter's works. 

279. Charles II. (on vellum), from the Marlborough sale. 

Lent by MRS. SiNGLETON. 

280. Charles II. 

Lent by C. H. Burnaby Sparrow, Esq. 

281. Charles II. 

Lent by Sir Philip Grey Egerton, Bart. 

282. Charles II. From the Hamilton Collection. 

By S. Cooper. Lent by Henry H. Gibbs, Esq. 



I 



WEST GALLERY.] Miniatures. 



283. Lady Arabella Stuart. 

Lent by Mrs. Hogge. 

284. Lady Arabella Stuart, from the Shaftesbury and Addington 

Collections. 
By P. Oliver. Lent by Henry H. Gibbs, Esq. 

285. Lady Arabella Stuart. (.^) 

By J. Oliver. Lent by The Earl of Wharncliffe. 

286. Mary, Princess of Orange, eldest daughter of Charles I. 

By p. Oliver. Lent by Robert Maxwell Witham, Esq. 

287. Prince Rupert. 

Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

288. Prince Rupert. 

By S. Cooper. Lent by Henry Fellows, Esq. 

289. William, Duke of Newcastle. 

Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

290. James II. and VII. 

Lent by The Lord Willoughby de Eresby. 

290* James II. and VII. Given by him to Mrs. Godfrey. 

By Petitot. Lent by The Baroness Burdett Coutts. 

291. James II. and VI I. playing Chess at St. Germains. 

Lent by The Hon. R. Baillie-Hamilton. 

292. James II. and VII. 

Lent by The Rev. F. G. Lee, D.D. 

293. Mrs. Jane Lane. 

Lent by C. H. Burnaby Sparrow, Esq. 

294. James II. AND VII. (in oil). 

Lent by SiR Philip Grey Egerton, Bart. 

294*. Mary of Modena. 

Lent by The Lord Willoughby de Eresdy. 



74 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 

295. Mary of Modena. 

Lent by Dr. Hamilton. 

296. Mary, Princess of Orange (afterwards Queen). 

Lent by Dr. Hamilton, 

297. James, Duke of Monmouth (young, on .silver). 

Lent by J. Eliot Hodgkin, Esq. 

298. Catherine, Countess of Anglesey, natural daughter of James II. 

By ZiNCKE. Lent by Henry H. Giebs, Esq. 

299. William III., given by himself to the Duke of Portland. 

By T. BoiT. Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

300. William III. 

Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

301. William III. 

Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

302. William III. and Mary. 

Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

303. Prince George of Denmark. 

Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

304. Queen Anne Q) 

By Sir G. Kneller Lent by Miss Frances M. Ellis. ' 

305. George Monk, Duke of Albemarle. 

Lent by THE Duke of Portland. 

306. James Graham, Marquess of Montrose. 

Lent by The Lord Willoughby de Eresby. 

306a. Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans. 

Lent by The Baroness Burdett Coutts. 

306b. James Graham, Marquess of Montrose. 

Lent by ROBERT Ready, Esq. 



WEST GALLERY.! RcUcS. 



/:> 



CASE B— West Gallery. 

RELICS OF MAR Y, QUEEN OF SCOTS. 

307. A Gold Rosary with Crucifix of Mary, Queen of Scots. 

This is the celebrated Rosary and Crucifix which Queen Mary preserved till nearly 
her last moments. It was bequeathed to the Countess of Arundel and descended to the 
Howards of Corbey, and was obtained from them by the Duke of Norfolk, in whose 
possession it now is. 

Lent by The Duke of Norfolk, E.M., K.G. 

308. Pearl Necklace of Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by The Duke of Norfolk, E.M., K.G. 

309. Silver Board for Backgammon, Draughts, and Nine Men Morris, formerly 

the property of Mary, Queen of Scots. 

" Parcel gilt," with pieces in silver and silver gilt. Presented by Queen Mary to 
Mary Seton, one of the " Queen's Maries," and brought into the Hay family by the Hon. 
Elizabeth Seton, daughter^of the first Viscount Kingston, who married the Hon. William 
Hay of Drummelzier, great great grandfather of the present owner. 

Lent by \V. J. Hay, Esq., of Duns. 

310. Book of Hours (illuminated) of Mary, Queen of Scots. French work of the 

fiifteenth century. Lent by W. MURRAY Threipland, Esq. 

311. Silver Enamelled Reliquary, formerly belonging to Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by The Earl of Haddington. 

312. Gold Enamel Crucifix of Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by The Hon. Mrs. E. Maxwell-Stuart. 

313. Lock of Hair of Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Bequeathed to Her Majesty, by Robert, Eighth Lord Belhaven and Stenton, with 
a request that it should be preserved either at Holyrood or at Windsor. 

Lent by Her Majesty The Queen. 



76 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



314. Rosary, formerly belonging to Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by The Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem. 

316. Leading-strings of James VL, worked by Mary, Queen of Scots, and inscribed 
Angelis siiis Dcits matidaznt de te, ut costodiant te in omnibus viis tuis. 

Lent by LORD Herries. 

316. Book of Hours, formerly belonging to Mary, Queen of Scots. 

A Book of Hours, said to have belonged to Queen Mary, and to have been used 
on the scaffold in the great hall of Fotheringhay Castle, February 8, 1587. _ If so, 
it may be that referred to in the account of the circumstance which was given to 
Cecil : " All the assembly, save the queen and hir servantes sayde the prayer after 
" Mr. Deane [Dr. Fletcher, the Protestant Dean of Peterborough, who had been 
appointed to pray with Mary, and whom she and all her entourage rejected] as he 
spake it, during which prayer, the Queen satt upon hir stoole, having hir Agnus 
Dei, crucifixe, beades, and an office m Lattyn. Thus furnished with superstitious 
trumpery, not regarding what Mr. Deane sayde, shee began verie fastly with tears and 
a lowde voice to praye in Lattin, and in the midst of her prayers, with overmuch 
weeping and mourning, slipt of [off] hir stoole, and, kneeling presently sayde divers 
other Lattin prayers. Then she rose and kneeled downe agayne, praying in 
English, for Christe's afflicted church, an end of hir troubles, for hir sonne, and 
for the queen's majestye, to God for his forgiveness of the sinns of them in the 
islande : shee forgave hir ennemyes with all hir harte that had longe sought hir 
bloud." 

On this occasion Queen Mary was thus minutely described by an official reporter to 
Cecil : — " The sayde" 8 day of Februarye being comme, and tyme and place appointed for 
the execution, the sayde Queene being of stature tall, of body corpulent, rownde shouldred, 
hir face fatt and broade^double-chinned, and hazell-eyed, her borrowed haire aborne 
[auburn], hir attyre was this. On hir head shee had a dressing of lawne edged with 
bone lace, a pomander chayne and an Agnus Dei about hir necke, a Crucifix in hir 
hande, a payre of beades [rosary] at hir girdle, with a silver cross at the end of them. 
A vayle of lawn fastned to hir caul bowed out with wyer [wire], and edged round 
about with boane lace. Hir gowne was of black sattin painted [embroidered], with 
a trayne and long sleeves to the grownde, sett with acorne buttons of Jett trymmed with 
pearle, and shorte sleeves of sattyn black cutt [slashed, to show the sleeves within], with 
a payre of sleeves of purple velvett whole under them. Hir kirtle whole [not slashed], 
of figured black sattin, and hir petticoate skirtes of Crimson velvett, hir shooes of 
Spannish leather with the rough side owtward, a payre of greene silke garters." 

The last articles were seen when, after the beheading, one of the executioners "plucked " 
them off and " espyed hir little dogg which was crept under hir cloathes, which would 
not be gotten foorth but with force, and afterwarde would not departe from the dead corps, 
but camme and layde between hir head and shoulders ; a thing much noted. The dogg 
embrewed in hir bloud was canyed awaye and washed, as al things els were that had any 
bloud, save those thinges which were burned. The Executioners were sent awaye with 
money for their fees, not having any one thynge that belonged unto hir." This was 



WEST GALLERY.] RelicS. 7 J 

designed to prevent the obtaining of relics for the Roman CathoHcs, who, it was antici- 
pated, would affirm the Queen was a martyr in their faith. Special precautions on this 
point, even extending to stipulations with Mary herself, before she was allowed to have 
the attendance of her women, a service at first denied to her, were taken that no one 
should be allowed to dip a handkerchief in her blood. Unless she had promised 
this should not be done, as she did, she must have gone to the block unattended by 
a friend. 

Lent by C. Butler, Esq. 

317. " HOR^ IN LAUDEM BEATISSIME ViRGINIS MARI^ AD VSUM ROMANUM. LUGDUNI 

1558." 

Printed in " caracteres de civilite." This book, which once belonged to Queen Alary 
Tudor, whose name, arms and badge are on the cover, is supposed to have been used by 
Mary Queen of Scots on the scaffold. According to tradition it came into the hands of 
her confessor, who gave it to the English College at Douai. Thence it was transferred 
to the Jesuit College at Liege, whence it was brought to Stonyhurst in 1794. See the 
description of Mr. C. Butler's book, No. 316. 

Lent by The Rector of Stonyhurst College. 

318. MS. Book of Hours (illuminated) formerly belonging to Mary Queen of Scots, left 

by her at Terreglcs. F"rench work, late i6th century. 

Lent by LORD Herries. 

319. Book of Hours of Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Early i6th century, written in an Italian hand and illuminated by a Flemish, and 
containing two autographs of Mary, Queen of Scots. " Mon Dieu confondez mes 
ennemys M.," and " Dieu vivant mon seul fuge olyez mes plainctes et mes 
gemissementz." 

Lent by The Earl of Crawford. 

320. Rosary worn by Mary, Queen of Scots, given by her to Mary Beaton at Craig 

Millar Castle. Lent by The Earl of Northesk. 

321. Psalter, followed by Book of Hours, painted for Margaret Beauchamp, second wife 

of John Talbot, the great Earl of Shrewsbury, K.G., whose portraits appear in the 
first miniature painting in the book, under which are two shields, now bearing the 
arms of Beton quartering Balfour, which are painted over the defaced arms of 
John Talbot and of Margaret Beauchamp. The book probably came into the 
possession of the Beton family early in the i6th century, and the initials J. B., 
in the blue circle (painted over a crowned INL) are probably those of James 
Beton (Bethune) of Balfour, grandfather of the Cardinal. French work of the 
15th century. 

Lent by The Trustees of Blairs College. 

321* Lock of Hair of Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by Vereker M. Hamilton, Esq. 



78 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



CASE C— West Gallery. 

RELICS OF MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS, QUEEN MARY OF 
LORRAINE, AND HENRY, LORD DARNLEY. 

322.' CiBORlUM AND COVER, a gift of Oueen Mary to Sir James Balfour of Burleigh. 

Ciborium and cover of copper gilt, known as the " Cup of Malcolm Canmore," and 
elaborately enamelled in clitujipleve ; one of the finest examples of the kind and of the 
twelfth century ; executed at Limoges or on the Rhine ; resembles a crosier formerly at 
Goodrich Court, which is signed ^" Frater Wilhehnus me fecit" and stated to have been 
found in the tomb of Ragenfroi, Bishop of Chartres in 941, but evidently of later date. 
The ciborium is traditionally said to have belonged to Malcolm Canmore, King of Scotland 
1056 — 1092, and to have been given by Mary, Queen of Scots, to Sir James Balfour (of 
Burleigh), her faithful adherent, from whom it descended to the present possessor (see the 
note on the "Tankard"' lent by him. No. 339). It may be that which, in the /;27/,?«/a/r 
of the Queens Regentis Movablis received by S. de Conde, her Valet of the Chamber in 
1562, is named among enamelled objects as "Ane lawer with a cowp and cover of copper 
ennamaillit.''' On the bowl are six subjects from the Old Testament in medallions, 
enclosed by foliage or stems on which are inscriptions. On the cover are likewise six 
subjects from the history of Our Lord, corresponding with the prototypes of the Old 
Testament series. On the bowl are: i. Abraham circumcising Isaac. 2. Abraham 
bearing a sword and lamp, Isaac follows with wood for his own pyre. 3. The Sacrifice of 
Isaac, who kneels on the altar, Abraham grasps him by the hair and raises his sword 
while an angel holds it back. 4. Samson quilting Gaza : on each side of a castle are 
two soldiers in long hauberks of mail, with kite-shaped shields, and armed with lances. 
This is the costume of the eleventh and twelfth centuries, as in the Bayeux Tapestry. 
Samson is not in armour. 5. David rescues a lamb from a bear. 6. Elijah, standing in 
a square cart with two horses, and having a blue nimbus, is taken up to heaven. On 
the cover the subjects are: i. The Baptism of our Lord: the figures of Christ and St. 
John are of hlac enamel, excepting the faces of gilt metal. 2. Christ bearing the Cross, 
with figures of mockers : three females follow Him. 3. The Crucifixion, between Mary 
and St. John. 4. The Resurrection : Mary approaching the tomb. 5. The Harrowing 
of Hell. 6. The Ascension. The lower part of a ciborium of very similar workmanship 
is preserved at Warwick Castle, and comprises six subjects from the Old Testament, 
accompanied, as in this example, by Latin verses, three of which are identical with three 
before us. Engraved in Shaw's Decorative Arts, and in Mr. A. W. Franks's memoir on 
the Enamels in the Art Treasures Exhibition, Manchester, 1857. A ciborium of similar 
form now in the Louvre bears the name of the artist, A/pais. 

Lent by Lord Balfour of Burleigh. 

323. Hand-Bell of Mary, Queen of Scots. 

This handbell, of silver gilt, was one of the objects of personal use which, 
doubtless furnished Queen Mary's chamber ; it is perhaps one of those 



WEST GALLERY.] RelicS. 



articles she was permitted to retain at Fotheringhay, among which, according to an 
inventory of her goods, was a " Closchcte." It is certain that, according to the fashion 
of her time, she was accustomed to keep a bell on her table with writing apparatus. The 
devices on the bell support the tradition which avers that it may have been used 
during her captivity. In a will, made during her illness at Sheffield in February, 1577, she 
bequeathed to Claude Nau, her secretary, who wrote the document, "y4 Nau^ 7)ic7i grand 
dzamant, ma grande escritoyre d' argent aiix bords derez et la closcJicte de niesnie." In the 
inventory of her goods, taken probably at Chartley in August, 1586, is included, with 
other valuables, " Une clochette d'argcnt destis la table de Sa Majeste." In another 
inventory made at Fotheringhay, February 20, 1587, of jewels, etc., in the custody of her 
servants after her death and in the hands of Elizabeth Curie, are mentioned a silver-gilt 
candlestick, " a little silver bell^' etc. Around its waist, externally, are engraved : 
I. The royal arms of Scotland. 2. The Greek monogram of the name of Christ within a 
circle which is inscribed " /;; lioc Vince 86." 3. A vine, of which one half is leafless, a 
hand issuing from clouds and holding a pruning-knife, cuts off the dead branches ; around 
it are the words ^'Virescit, vvlnere, virtvs.'" The design is identical with that on the 
reverse of a jeton (or counter of silver) of Queen Mary, one of six formerly in the posses- 
sion of the late Edward Hawkins of the British Museum (others belonged to Mr. B. 
Nightingale), and described by Mr. A. Way in his Catalogue of Antiquities, etc. exhibited 
at Edinburgh, 1856, p. 180. 4. A monogram of the Greek letters " *" and '' M " 
(for Francis of France and Mary of Scotland) ensigned with an arched crown, bound within 
an oval and enclosed by a circular band, on which is " Sa vertv 7notire." This motto, 
which is an anagram of Mary's name, occurred in a description of devices embroidered 
on a bed. wrought by her, as stated in a letter from Drummond of Hawthornden to Ben 
Jonson, dated July i, 1619. The monogram occurs likewise engraved within the hoop 
of Mary's signet-ring, which is now in the British Museum. Within the bell is an 
engraved device of concentric circles, with lines radiating from the centre and pointing 
to letters and numerals engraved within the circles. The letters have been read, be- 
ginning from the outer circle, " Claniat svas''' (for " she calls her attendants"): it is 
probable the letters are initials and the numerals ciphers for names. It may be one 
of the keys for secret writing much used at the time, and especially by Oueen Mary and 
her adherents. Some of the latter are known to have been designated by numbers Mr. 
Way observed that the Greek monogram (No. 2 above) and this device appear to be of 
a later date than the arms. No. i, and the crowned monogram. No. 4. The former 
two may have been added after Oueen Mary's death. This is one of the relics or 
heirlooms mentioned in the note on the " Tankard of Agate," lent by Lord Balfour of 
Burleigh, No. 339. It is probable that the ring and the bell were engraved in France 
during the interval between Mary's betrothal to the Dauphin, August, 1548, and their 
marriage, April 24, following. The crowns on the monograms of " 4> " and " M " resemble 
the crown of France, rather than the depressed crown of Scotland. A monogram of " F " 
and " M " occurs on some of Mary's coins, combined with a crown. 

Lent by LORD Balfour of Burleigh. 

324. Limoges Enamel Tazza of Mary Queen of Scots. 

Painted by Jean Court " dit Vigier," bearing the arms of Queen Mary with the Dauphin 
crown ; formerly in the collection of the Count Pourtales. A Jehan de Court was attached 
to the court of Queen Mary in Scotland. Lent by JOHN MALCOLM, ESQ. 



8o Exhibition of the Royal House of Sttiart. 



325. A Sacramental Service of four pieces of silver gilt, richly adorned with embossed 

patterns, viz. : — 

A Cruet or Flagon. 

A Chalice, and Paten. 

A Wafer Box. 

On the outer rim of the chahce is engraved : — " Presented to her Majesty Maria Stuart, 
Queen of Scotland, by Aubespine, M D LXXXVI." Aubespine was French Ambassador 
at the English Court. This service is of Augsburg make. 

Lent by John Sinclair, Esq. 

326. ClBORlUM or Salt-cellar, formerly belonging to Mary, Queen of_Scots. 
Formed of silver gilt and agate set with garnets. 

Lent by SiR John Stirling Maxwell, Bart. 

327. Gilt Watch, formerly belonging to Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

328. Gold Watch of octagonal form with a key, said to have been Queen Mary's. 

The case is of rock crystal, and the key has a crown and sceptre with the initials M.R. 
and maker's name, D. du Cheiniti a Roicen. It is stated to have been given, to the 
Fingask family by Lord Seton. 

Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

329. Gold Watch, formerly belonging to Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Given by Queen Mary to Margaret Lyon, Marchioness of Hamilton, from whom it 
descended through members of the Hamilton, Crawford, Dundas, and Gray of Carntyne 
families, to the present owner. It bears the makers name, Etienne Hubert a Rouen ; his 
relative Eugene Hubert was a personal attendant of the queen. 

Lent by Capt. Anstruther Thomson. 

330. Gold Watch, given by Mary, Queen of Scots, to Massi, one of her attendants, the 

day before her death. 

Lent by Jajmes S. Fraser-Tytler, Esq. 

331. Gold Watch, which belonged to Mary Queen of Scots, with maker's name /?. </// 

Chemin Rouen. 

Lent by The Lady Adeliza Manners. 

332. A Diamond Ring. 

This relic, known as " Mary Queen of Scots' Ring," is an heirloom in the family of 
Sir J. Stuart, from whom it descended to the present owner. It comprises a heart- 
shaped stone in the centre ; above, three stones set in an ancient crown on each side ; 



WEST GALLERY.] Relit 



beyond these is a Jieiir-de-lys in gold. Other rings ascribed to this queen are in 
existence, including one lent to this Exhibition, No. 353, by Mr. Coutts Trotter. 
Her signet ring is now in the British Museum. See descriptions by Mr. A. Way, 
in the Catalogue, dr^c, of Relics, exhibited at Edinburgh, 1856. A gold mourning 
ring, worn by Mary, belonged to Sir T. Hepburn, Bart, (see the Catalogue, &c., 
p. 189). To the above-named exhibition Mrs. Simpson contributed a ring similar 
in many respects to that before us. It was said to have been found at Fotheringhay. 

Lent by Mrs. A. Dick-Cunyngham. 

333. Two Silver Cups used at the marriage of Mary and Henry, Queen and King of 

Scots, inscribed maria et henric. dei gra. r. et r. scotorv., bearing the 
heraldic coat and badge of the Queen and King with the motto, " DAT GLORIA 
VIRES" and the date 1567. 

Lent by Sir William A. Eraser of 
Ledeclune, Bart. 

334. Miniature Jewelled Spinning-Wheel of Mary of Lorraine. 

This wheel came from a collection of articles which belonged to Linlithgow Palace and 
were in the possession of the late Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe. 

Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

335. Cold Ring, with intaglio chalcedony portrait of Queen Mary. Formerly belonged 

to Prince H enry, Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX.). 

Lent by Capt. Anstruther Thomson. 

336. Gold Locket, containing a lock of hair of Mary, Queen of Scots. 

The contents of this locket are referred to in a note by Lady Cunliffe, daughter of Sir 
David Kinloch ; "A lock of the hair of Mary Queen of Scots, found in Hamilton 
Palace among the papers of Sir Hew Hamilton of Rosehall, an old Jacobite. It was 
given to Lady Cunliffe by the Hon. Charles Stuart, of Blantyre, a relative of the Kinloch 
family." 

Lent by SiR Robert Cunliffe, Bart. 

337. Gold Ring of Mary Queen of Scots, inscribed, Ever Yours. 

A gold signet ring inscribed with //^^wrz Z. Z'arw/ri', 1565, and stated to have been 
found near Fotheringhay Castle, and now in the South Kensington Museum, was in 
the collection of Mr. E. Waterton of Walton Hall, Yorkshire, and has been supposed 
to have been the betrothal ring of Mary and Darnley. An account of this relic will 
be found in the Catalogue, &-'c., of Relics, exhibited at Edinburgh in 1856, p. 177, by 
Mr. Albert Way. The signet ring of Mary with the initials of herself and Francis 
II., "M" and "*,"is in the British Museum. See the account of the bell, No. 323, and 
Archceologia, vol. xxxiii. p. 355. In llie Archcuological fotir7ial, vol. xv., p. 253, 
is another paper by Mr. Albert Way on this subject. Lent by MiSS FORDE. 



82 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



338. Cpal Mourning Ring of Queen Mary, said to have been worn by her after the 

death of the Dauphin. 

Lent by Sir Thomas Buchan Hepburn, Bart. 

339. Covered Tankard of Agate. 

Tankard of Agate, with a hinged cover, which is sometimes designated " Queen 
Mary's Caudle Cup," with silver mountings and handle ; probably of Scottish 
workmanship, bearing the plate mark, a Unicorn's head erased; on the handle 
are a lion's head and a rose, in relief. One of the relics and heirlooms of the 
family of Bruce of Kennet, said to have been given by Mary, Queen of Scots, 
to her faithful adherent Sir James Balfour, Deputy-Governor of Edinburgh Castle 
xmder the Earl of Bothwell, who married the heiress of Balfour of Burleigh ; these 
heirlooms passed, it is stated, to the Bruce family by a marriage with the heiress 
of the fifth Lord Balfour of Burleigh. In respect to them and similar relics of Queen Mary 
see l^ie Archcsological Journal, xv. 1858, p. 253, "The Signet Ring and Silver 
Bell of Mary, Queen of Scots," by Mr. Albert Way, which deals at greater length 
with the subject than the Catalogue, &^c., of Relics, 1856, referred to under 
" Mary Stuart's Hand-bell," No. 323, with regard to the meaning of the monogram 
of " M " and " iK" 

Lent by Lord Balfour of Burleigh. 

340. Antique Gold Ring, with miniature of Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by A. J. Rod way, Esq. 

341. Finely-Cut Bloodstone Cameo. 

Finely-cut Bloodstone Cameo, comprising, on one side, a representation of the 
Scourging of Christ ; on the other side, the Crucifixion ; set in an agate, gold-mounted 
and jewelled locket, and attached to a gold-mounted necklace of agate. Worn by 
Mary, Queen of Scots, and given by her to .Sir James Balfour. See the note on the 
" Tankard of Agate," lent by the owner of this relic, No. 339. 

Lent by Lord Balfour of Burleigh. 

342. QUAIGH, made from Queen Mary's Yew at Crookston. 

Lent by The Hon. Mrs. Maxwell-Scott: 

343. Leather Etui Case of Mary, Queen of Scots. 

With silver-mounted fittings chased and engraved with the Scottish lion. 

Lent by Colonel Macpherson, of Cluny. 

344. Chatelaine in silver filagree, belonged to Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by Andrew Fyfe, Esq., M.D. 



WEST GALLERY.] Relics. 83 



345. Four Silver Spoons. Part of the relics and heirlooms mentioned in the notes on 

the "Tankard of Agate," lent by Lord Balfour of Burleigh, No. 339. Said 

to have belonged to Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by LORD Balfour of Burleigh. 

346. An Enamelled Pendant, presented by Mary, Queen of Scots, to Sir Patrick 

Gordon. Lent by The Earl of Aberdeen. 

347. Pair of Shoes which belonged to Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by Sir James H. Williams Drummond, Bart. 

348. Tortoiseshell Comb, which belonged to Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by SiR THOMAS Buchan Hepburn, Bart. 

349. Cuff of one of Lord Darnley's gloves, worked by Mary, Queen of Scots, in 1565. 

Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

350. Silver Counter with Figure of Darnley, by Simon Passe. 

On the rev-erse are the Stuart arms with the legend, " Died at the age of 21, 1567. 
Burried at Edenborry." 

Lent by Lord Napier and Ettrick. 

351. Horse Shoe designed for the escape of Mary, Queen of Scots, from Chartley Castle, 

so as to conceal the print of the hoofs. A loop over the heel of the shoe, similar 
to the one over the toe, has disappeared, but the stumps remain. 

Lent by The Earl Ferrers. 

352. A Richly Ornamented Handle of Bloodstone. 

Mounted with gold and enamelled, probably of Italian workmanship of the sixteenth 
century, and apparently intended for the handle of a feather-fan, such as is often 
represented in portraits by Holbein, Van Dyck, and others. Mr. A. Way noticed a 
circular fan of yellow ostrich feathers with such a handle in the hand of a portrait, 
said to be of Mary, Queen of Scots, which is in the bishop's palace at Gloucester. 
One of the relics and heirlooms of the family of Bruce of Kennet. See the note on the 
" Tankard of Agate," lent by the owner of this article. No. 339. 

Lent by LORD Balfour of Burleigh. 

353. Gold Ring, which belonged to Mary, Queen of Scots, with the arms in a lozenge 

and the initials M. R. 

Lent by CouTTS Trotter, Esq. 

354. Seal of Mary, Queen of Scots, silver gilt, engraved with " M.R." and Royal Lion 

of Scotland. 

Lent by The Hon. Mrs. Maxwell-Scott. 

F 2 



84 Exhibition of the Royat Hoitse of Stuart. 



355. A Cap worked by Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Given as a memorial by James VI. to Robert, Lord Seton, afterwards Earl of Winton.. 

Lent by David Seton, Esq. 

356. Iron Box from Queen Mary of Lorraine's Chapel. 

Lent by The Hon. Mrs. Maxwell-Scott. 

357. Jewelled Solitaire, which belonged to Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Set with diamonds, rubies, and pearls, with an enamelled figure of Cupid trying to 
catch a mouse. Given to Queen Mary by the Dauphin before their marriage. There is 
a portrait of the Queen in which she is represented wearing it. 

Lent by JAMES S. Fraser-Tytler, Esq. 

358. Stomacher of Mary, Queen of Scots, jewelled on embossed gold. 

Lent by Sir Frederick Milner, Bart. 

359. A Brass Key, found in Loch Leven, inscribed " Mary Rex." 

Lent by Lady Elizabeth Leslie-Melville Cartwright, 

360. " Memento Mori" Timepiece in silver. 

Given by Mary, Queen of Scots, to Mary Seton, inherited by the owner from the Seton 
family. The watch is in the form of a skull. On the forehead is a figure of death 
standing between a palace and a cottage ; around is this legend from Horace, " Pallida 
Mors Equo Pulsat Pede Pauperum Tabernas Regumque Turres." On the hind part of 
the skull is a figure of Time with another legend from Ovid, ' Tempus Edax Rerum Tu- 
que Invidiosa Vetustas.' The upper part of the skull bears representations of Adam 
and Eve in the garden of Eden, and of the Crucifixion, each with Latin legends, and 
between these scenes is open work to let out the sound when the watch strikes the hour 
upon a silver bell, which fills the hollow of the skull, and receives the works within it, 
when the watch is shut. On the edge is inscribed " Sicut meis sic et omnibus idem."' 
It bears the maker's name, Moysart d Blois. 

Lent by Sir T. W. Dick-Lauder, Bart. 

561. Silver Medallion of Francis II. and Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

362. Silver Medallion of Francis II. and Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by Mrs. Singleton. 

363. Heart-shaped Locket of rock crystal mounted in silver and diamonds, with portrait 

of Mary, Queen of Scots, enclosing a plait of her hair. The date " 19th August, 

1 561," the day of her landing at Leith on her return from France, is on the inside. 

This and the other personal relics lent by Miss Howell, were inherited by her from 
her mother, the descendant and representative of the Murray s of Stanhope and 



WEST GALLERY.] RelicS. 85 



Broughton, co. Peebles, Baronets, and of the well-known John Murray, of Broughton, 
the Secretary of Prince Charles Edward in 1745. 

Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 

364. St. Andrew Badge of the Order of the Thistle in gold and enamel, worn 

by the Regent Moray at the time of his assassination by Hamilton of Bothwell- 
haugh. Lent by The Earl of Galloway. 

365. Bronze Cannon presented to Mary, Queen of Scots. 

It is engraved with the arms of France and Scotland on a shield surrounded by the 
Scottish thistle, and the monogram " M." and beautiful scroll foliage. 

Lent by The Marquess OF Lothian, K.T. 

365*. Miniature of Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by Miss Edgar. 



CASE D— West Gallery. 

NEEDLEWORK AND MINIATURES, 

366. Piece of Embroidery worked by Mary, Queen of Scots. It formerly belonged to 

the Duke of Devonshire. Lent by The Duchess OF St. Albans. 

367. Lace supposed to have belonged to the Lady Arabella Stuart. 

Lent by Mrs. Harvey, of Ickwell-Bury. 

368. A Carved Frame, containing : — 

A piece of the velvet pall which covered the coffin of Charles I. 

A piece of the ribbon of the Garter worn by Charles I. on the scaffold. 

Miniatures of Charles I. and Queen Henrietta, copied by Sarah, Countess of 
Essex, from originals belonging to the Duke of Portland. 

Locket with hair of Charles I. ; Lent by The Earl OF Essex. 

There is a pathetic interest attached to this relic of the pall. See Sir T. 
Herbert's Memoirs : " The Royal Corps being embalmed and coffined, and lapped 
in Lead, and covered with a new velvet-Pall, was removed to the King's House at Sf. 
James's [St. James's Palace] where was great pressing by all sorts of People to see the 
King, or where he was. A doleful Spectacle ! But few had leave to enter and behold 
it." The same, or a similar pall, had been, according to Herbert, already used. "Mr. 
Herbert, during this [the execution of the King] was at the door [of the Banquetting 
House], lamenting ; and the Bishop [Juxon] coming thence witli the Royal 



86 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



Corps, which was immediately coffined, and covered with a black velvet- 
Pall," he and Mr. Herbert went with it to the backstairs to be embalmed." Again, a 
the interment in St. George's Chapel, at the instance of Herbert " accordingly the 
corps was thither carried from St. James', in a hearse covered with black velvet, drawn 
by six horses, also covered with black." " This is memorable, that at such time as the 
King's body was brought out of St. George's Hall, the sky was serene and clear, but 
presently it began to snow, and fell so fast, as by that time they came to the West-end of 
the Royal Chapell, the black velvet pall was all white (the colour of Innocency), being 
thick cover d over with Snow. So went the White King to his Grave, in the 48th year of 
his age and the 22nd year and loth month of his reign. Letting pass Merlyn's Pro- 
phecies, some make it allude to the white Sattin his Majesty wore when he was 
crowned in Westminster Abbey in the year 1625, former kings having on purple Robes at 
their Coronations.'' 

This refers to the fact that, notwithstanding a very threatening prophecy, popularly 
attributed to Merlin, disasters of all sorts would attend the coming of a '' White 
King" to the throne of England, Charles had, the day being that of the Feast of the 
Purification, or " to declare the virgin purity with which he came to be espoused to his 
kingdom," deliberately elected to be attired in white when he was crowned at West- 
minster. The publication by William Lilly in 1644, entitled " A Prophecy of the White 
King," had renewed the superstitions here alluded to. 

369. Ribbon of the Garter which belonged to Charles I., and given by him to Benjamin 

Hide when the King was prisoner in the Isle of Wight. 

Benjamin Hide was the ancestor of Gilbert White of Selborne and of the present 
owner of the ribbon. He was a merchant trading in the Mediterranean, and is supposed 
to have planned an escape for the king in one of his ships. 

Lent by William White, Esq. 
[See Balcony.] 

[900. Miniatures, lent by The Duke of Buccleuch.] 



CASE E— West Gallery. 

RELICS 01 THE BEHEADING OF KING CHARLES I 

370. Shirt, Drawers, and Garters, worn by Charles I. at his Beheading, and 

sheet used to cover his body. 

John Ashburnham, ancestor of the present Earl of Ashburnham, was one of the 
personal attendants upon Charles L at the time of his death. The clothes of the King 
were divided amongst certain of his attendants. One of the shirts, the drawers, garters, 
and the sheet used to cover the body, fell to the share of Ashburnham. They were at 
onetime preserved at Ashburnham Church, but were afterwards removed to Ashburnham 
Place. A complete history of these clothes will be found in the Sussex Archceological 
Collections^ vol. xxxvi. (See No. 201.) 

Lent by The Earl of Ashburnham. 



WEST GALLERY.] RelicS. 8? 



, 371. Gold Watch, formerly belonging to Charles L, maker's name, " Henricus Jones, 
Londini." Lent by The Earl of Ashburnham. 

372. Locket, containing hair of Charles I., cut off at the opening of his coffin in 1813. 

Lent by The Earl of Ashburnham. 

373. One of the Two Shirts worn by King Charles I. at his beheading. 

Sir Thomas Herbert, the King's Groom of the Chambers, who attended his master's 
last hours in St. James's Palace and at the scaffold, Whitehall, wrote in Mefnozrs., 
&c., as follows, of the night of January 29th, 1649, and the next morning: "The 
King commanded Mr. Herbert to lie by his Bed-side upon a Pallat, where he took 
small rest, that being the last Night his Gracious Sovereign and Master enjoy'd ; but 
nevertheless the King for Four Hours or thereabouts, slept soundly, and awaking about 
Two Hours afore day, he opened his Curtain to call Mr. Herbert ; there being a great 
Cake of Wax set in a Silver Bason, that then as at all other times, burned all Night ; 
so that he perceiv'd him somewhat disturb'd in sleep ; but calling him, bad him rise ; 
For, (said his Majesty) I will get up, hai'ing a great Work to do this Day ; however 
he would know why he was so troubled in his sleep? He [Herbert] reply'd, May it 
please your Majesty, I was dreaming. " 

[The dream, which Herbert described at length in a letter to Dr. Samways, printed 
with Memoirs, &c., as above, was, at the King's request, related to him. It included a 
vision of Archbishop Laud, who had been executed three years before, desiring to see 
his Majesty, and being admitted, having an interview with his master, kissed his hand, 
and, upon seeing his "pensive looks, gave a sigh," thence making his usual reverences, 
the third being so submiss, as he fell prostrate with his face on the ground." 

" The King said, my dream was very remarkable, but he is dead ; yet had we conferred 
together during life, 'tis very likely (albeit 1 loved him well) I should have said some- 
thing to him might have occasioned his sigh." Charles was more than once much 
affected by dreams and other signs and omens.] 

The King rejoined : " // was remarkable, Herbert, this is my Second Marriage-Day ; 
I would be as trim to-day as may be ; for before Night I hope to be espoused to my blessed 
Jesus. He then appointed what Cloaths he would wear : Let me hai'e a Shirt on more 
than ordinary, said the King, by reaso?i the season is so sharp as probably may make me 
shake, which some Observers will imagine proceeds from Fear. I would have no such 
Imputation. 1 fear not Death ! Death is not terrible to me. I bless my God I am 
prepar'd."' The morning was so intensely cold that the Thames was considerably, if 
not wholly, frozen over. 

[See also No. 385.] Lent by Bewicke Blackburn, Esq. 

374. Glove of Charles L, worn by the king on the scaffold. 

Lent by V. F. Benett-Staxford, Esq. 

374.* Lace Collar worn by Charles 1. on the rciffold. 

Lent by George Somts, Esq. 



88 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



375. Silver Alarum Clock given by Charles I. to Thomas Herbert. 

" Colonel Hacker commanding the Guard at the King's execution knocked easily at 
the King's chamber-door. Mr. Herbert being within would not stir to ask who it was, 
but knocking the second time louder, the King bade him go to the door. He guessed 
his business. The Colonel said he would speak with the King. The King said, ' Let 
him come in.' The Colonel in trembling manner came near and told His Majesty it 
was time to go to Whitehall, when he might have further time to rest. The King bade 
him go forth, he would come presently. Some time His Majesty was private, and 
afterwards taking that good Bishop (Juxon) by the hand, looking upon him with a 
cheerful countenance he said ' Come, let us go,' and bidding Herbert take with him the 
silver clock that hung by his bedside, said ' Open the door. Hacker has given a second 
warning.' Through the garden the King passed into the park, where making a stand 
he asked Mr. Herbert the Hour of the Day ; and taking the Clock into his Hand, gave 
it him, and bade him keep it in memory of him ; which Mr. Herbert keeps accord- 
ingly." See Hcrberfs Memorials, p. 132. This watch, which descended to Mr. W. 
Townley Mitford, is engraved in Chambers's Booli of Days, i. 191, and bears maker's 
name " Edwardus East, Londini." 

Lent by W. Mitford, Esq. 

376. A Skull Cap embroidered with gold on crimson silk, constantly worn by King 

Charles I. 

This cap was worn by Charles I., and was sent by him just before his death to " his 
highly esteemed friend and faithful servant Colonel William Salusbury, as the only 
token and remembrance he could bestow." 

Lent by LORD Bagot. 

376."^ Cap of Charles I., \vorn at the time of his execution. 

Lent by GEORGE Somes, ESQ. 

377. Piece of the Ribbon of the Garter worn by Charles L at his beheading. 

Lent by Sir William Stephenson, K.C.B. 

378. Piece of the Velvet Pall that covered the coffin of Charies I. 

Lent by Sir William Stephenson, K.C.B. 

379. Lock of Hair of Charles I. Lent by Sir William Stephenson, K.C.B. 

380. A Portion of the Beard of Charles I. 

Lent by SiR WiLLIAM STEPHENSON, K.C.B. 

381. Gold Ring, with portrait of Charles I., given by Charles I. to Bishop Juxon just 

before his death. 

Lent bv The Duke of St. Albans. 



WEST GALLERY,] RelicS. 89 



382. Gold Brooch with portrait of Charles L 

Lent by The Duke OF Leinster. 

383. Crystal and Gold Locket, containing a portion of the beard of Charles L, obtained 

when the coffin was opened in 181 3. 

Lent by William Barclay Squire, Esq. 

384. Prayer-book used by Charles L on the scaffold. 

The Prayer-book was given by Isaac Herault (Herauldus or Herauld) to Sir Richai'd 
Browne, father-in-law of John Evelyn, of Wotton, Dorking (author of the Dzary, Sylva, 
&c.), who is often mentioned in the Diary. It was saved by Herault from destruction 
by some of the King's enemies, and bears on the fly-leaf the following note in the hand- 
writing of Evelyn : — 

" H(ic) S(acer) E(st) Liber Liturgicus Sanguine Martyrum Coronatus Quern a diro 
Parricidarum Furore salvum fecit Isacius Heraldus Ipso horrendi Facinoris Die 
serenissimi Magns Britannise regis CAROLI priinii A Deo Coronati Martyris Gloriosis- 
simi Oratori Nobilissimo Richardo Browne Equiti Aurato D(edit) Q(ue) C(onsecravit) 
Q(ue) In Eeternam Memoriam. This is the Booke which Charles the First M.B." (Martyr 
beatus) " did use upon the Scaffold xxx Jan. 1649, being the Day of his glorious martyrdom.' 
Isaac Herault was a son of Didier Herault, jurisconsult, who died in 1649. His 
brother Louis was a minister of the Walloon Church in London, a staunch sup- 
porter of the King. The Prayer-book was printed in London by R. Barker and the 
Assignees of John Bill, 1638. 

Sir T. Herbert in his Memoirs relates how Bishop Juxon said prayers before the King, 
on the day of his death, and read the 27th Chapter of St. Matthew, which relates the 
Passion of our Lord. The King asked the Bishop if he had chosen so appropriate a 
chapter. The Bishop replied, " May it please your gracious Majesty, it is the proper 
lesson for the day as appears by the Calendar, which the King was much affected with, so 
aptly serving as a seasonable preparation for his death that day." That chapter remained 
the lesson for the day when the office of " King Charles the Martyr " was added to 
the restored Prayer-Book in 1662. 

Lent by W. J. EvELYN, E^Q., OF Wotton. 



90 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stiiai't. 



CASE F— West Gallery. 
RELICS OF CHARLES I., MONTROSE, 6-r. 

385. Linen used at the christening of King Charles I., namely : — 

I, Baby's shirt worn at the christening ; 2, Robe worn at the christening ; 3, Cuffs worn 
at the christening ; 4, Plain short cuffs worn at the christening ; 5, 6, 7, 8, Various smali 
articles of baby attire ; 9, 10, 11, Forehead cloths ; 12, Shirt trimmed with point-lace ; 
13, Bib; 14, Bib; 15, One lace mitten; 16, Pair of muslin mittens; 17, Point-lace,, 
oval shape ; 18, Point-lace wrist cuff; 19, 20, 21, Bands of point lace. 

These relics, the small shirt and cloak, and other articles for a child's use, worn 
by Charles I. at his christening (probably at Dunfermline, where, November 19, 
1600, he was born), and one of the shirts worn at his death, were preserved by Elizabeth 
Coventry, eldest daughter of Thomas Coventry, Lord Keeper, who regarded Charles as 
a martyr. From her these articles have descended to the present possessor in an 
unbroken line of owners, as enumerated in documents preserved by his family. 

Lent by Bewicke Blackburn, Esq. 

386. Leather Glove of Charles L, embroidered. 

Lent by David Seton, Esq. 

387. Two Night-Shirts and a Night-Cap, which belonged to Charles L 

Lent by R. W. J. Rushbrooke, Esq. 

388. Telescope of Parchment which belonged to Charles I., made by Will Longland 

at the Ship in Cornhill, London. Lent by Hon. A. Holland-Hibbert. 

389. Microscope, covered with gilt leather, which belonged to Charles L 

Lent by Hon. A. Holland Hibbert. 

390. Charles II. 's (infant's) day and night shirt, cap, and pair of shoes. 

\_See Central Hall.'] Lent by E. Pattison Pitt, Esq. 

390*. Star of the Garter of Charles I. for cloak, given by Elizabeth of Bohemia to- 
the ancestor of the present owner. 

Lent by Mrs. Boyse. 

391. Silver Snuff-box, which belonged to the Marquess of Montrose ; the last thing: 

he held in his hand before he mounted the gallows, 

Len by Major-General John Macdonald. 



WEST GALLERY. I Relics. 91? 



392. Sword of James Graham, Marquess of Montrose, which afterwards belonged 
to Sir Walter Scott. 

Straight Two-edged Blade, 28 inches in length, engraved with Royal Arms anc^ 
inscribed : — 

lACOBE ALUMNE PACIS ATQE PALL^E 
SERENE CULTOR ET DECUS BRITANNICI 
CLARISSIMUM REGNI TUIS REGALIB 
SCEPTRIS SUBEST DE STIRPE QVOND. MARTIA. 

Open-barred, silver-gilt hilt, grip served with silver wire ; maker's mark, two unicorn 
heads on blade. Red velvet scabbard, with modern silver-gilt mountings. 

Lent by the Hon. MRS. Maxwell-Scott. 



• CASE G— West Gallery. 

RELICS OF JAMES L AND VL, CHARLES /., HENRIETTA 

MARIA, &^c. 

393. Gold Memorial Ring, set with diamonds and rubies enclosing the hair of James I, 

and VL, with the monogram "J. R." Belonged to Lady Lilias Murray, wife of 
Sir David Murray (first Murray of Stanhope) and daughter of John, first Earl of 
Wigton. Lent by Miss ROSALIND B. C. C. DE M. Howell. 

394. Gold Ribbon-Slide, with rock crystal enclosing a plait of the hair of Charles I., said 

to have been cut off the day before his death. On the plait is a deaths-head in 
white enamel, with the letters " C. R." Belonged to William Murray of Stanhope, 
created baronet by Charles II. 

Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 

395. Gold and Enamel Memorial Ring, with portrait of Charles I. Given by Charles 

11. to Sir William Murray of Stanhope in 1664. 

Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 

396. Oval Silver Watch Engraved with figures of James I. and VI. and his Queen 

standing in front of a dais. 
It formerly belonged to Robert Carr, created Earl of Somerset 1613, and bears his 
arms with the Garter on the inside of the case ; on the outside, the Last Supper. 
Maker's name, David Ramsay, Sco/us )ne Fecit. The watch was probably a gift fron^. 
the king. Lent by Sir Thos. Buchan-Hepburn, Bart. 



9- Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



397. }iIedallion in bronze with head of Charles I. [The silver frame is modern.] 

This medallion, the head on the snuff-boxes No. 400 and 438, the silver pendant 
No. 401, and the medal of Charles I. and his Queen are all from the same design, 
though not from the same mould. It is supposed that Sir William Murray, first baronet 
of Stanhope, who was employed abroad by Queen Henrietta Maria, and to whom this 
medallion, the snuff-box with the same head, and a copy of the same pendant belonged, 
was in some way concerned in the production of the design. The medal has the 
monogram H. R. [Hans Rieger], and was made in Germany. 

Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 



398. Gold Memorial Ring set with diamonds, enclosing a piece of the shroud of Queen 
Henrietta Maria, with the letters " H. M." and an enamelled deaths-head, &c. 

Belonged to Lady Lilias Murray, wife of Sir David Murray (first Murray of Stanhope) 
and daughter of John, first Earl of Wigton. 

Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 



399. Gold Memorial Ring enclosing, under a facetted rose diamond, a piece of the dress 
worn by the Princess Elizabeth in Carisbroke Castle. 

On the stuff is a deaths-head, &c., in black and white enamel, with the letters" E. P." 
in gold. Belonged to Sir William Murray of Stanhope. 

Lent bv Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 



400. Snuff-box of Horn, with heads of Charles I. and Queen Henrietta Maria on the 
lid, with a crown above them. 

The head of Charles L is the same as that on the medallion No. 397. Belonged to 
Sir William Murray, first baronet of Stanhope. 

Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 



401. Silver Pendant of Charles I. (head and shoulders). 

The design is the same as that of the medallion No. 397, but in this case the armour 
is more richly chased. The clasp at the top is modern. Another example of this 
pendant was formerly in the possession of Sir William Murray of Stanhope. 

Lent by Henrv Jenner, Esq. 



WEST GALLERY.] RellCS. 



402. Another of the same. Lent by The Duke of St. Albans. 

403. Silver Gilt Cup of Charles L, of Nuremberg work, early seventeenth century. 

Iti belonged to Charles L, by whom it was presented to a Master of Queen's College^ 
Oxford, in whose family it remained till about 1820, since which time it has belonged to 
the Royal Family. Height, 22^ in. See Shaw's " Dresses and Decorations," Vol. II. 

Lent by Her Majesty the Queen. 

404. Onyx George of Charles I. Lent by Her Majesty the Queen 

405. Communion Cup with which Charles I. received the Sacrament on the day of his 
death. It bears the arms of Sir Henry Hene of Wingfield, Berks, Bart., at whose 
house Bishop Juxon was lodging at the time. It is hall-marked, London, 1629-30. 

Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

406. A Pearl Earring, worn by Charles I. on the same day. 

Accompanying this earring is the following note, in the handwriting of Mary, Princess 
of Orange (Mary II.) : — "This pearle was taken out of y^ King my grandfather's ear 
after he was beheaded & given y" Princesse Royall." (See No. 69.) 

Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

407. A Gold Ring worn at the wedding of Princess Mary, afterwards Mary II. 
Accompanying this ring is a note by the Princess, detailing the circumstances con- 
nected with it, including the loss of the stone on Thursday, 7th November, i68g. 

Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

408. Rosary of Queen Henrietta Mary. 

Said to be the rosary which Queen Henrietta Maria in her necessity pawned for 
^3,000. It had a pendant to i^, a diamond cross, which was sold to the Duke of 
Orleans. It consists of six plum stones and fifty cherry stones, carved with minutely- 
worked subjects from Roman history and mythology. 

Lent by The Duke of Portland. 

409. Silver Badge of Charles I. and Henrietta Maria. 

By T. Rawlins. Lent by The Duke of St. Albans. 

410. Silver Gilt Badge of Charles I. and Henrietta Maria. 

By T. Rawlins. Lent by Walter Creyke, Esq, 

411. Silver Gilt Badge of Charles I. 

By T. Rawlins. Lent by Mrs. Bacon. 



94 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



412. Silver Badge of Charles I. 

By T. Rawlins. Lent by Earl Stanhope. 

413. Silver Badge of Charles I, 

By T. Rawlins. Lent by Earl Stanhope. 

414. Silver Gilt Badge of Charles L and Henrietta Maria. 

By T. Rawlins. Lent by T. Read, Esq. 

415. Enamelled Badge of Charles L 

Lent by WALTER Creyke, Esq. 

'M6. IVIemorial Badge of Charles L, containing portrait of the King. 

Lent by Walter Creyke, Esq. 

417. Memorial Locket of Charles L 

This locket of red enamel containing hair of Charles L has been in the possession of 
the family of the present owner since the death of the king. This, the lockets con- 
taining writing and a medallion, lent by the same owner, were formerly in a gold case, 
•which has been lost. 

Lent by WALTER Creyke, Esq. 

418. Small Silver Heart-shaped Locket with portrait of Charles L 

Lent by W. J. Hayhurst. 

419. Enamelled Memorial Badge of Charles L, with his portrait. 

Lent by the Duke of St. Albans. 

420. Gold Ring of Princess Elizabeth, daughter of Charles I. 

Lent by Mrs. Bacon. 

421. Cilt Watch made for James L, with the maker's initials " S.F." and number 1599. 

Lent by T. O. Barlow. 

422. 'Gilt Watch, German, of the sixteenth century, given by Charles L to Sir William 

Dugdale, Lent by Mrs. Stratford Dugdale. 

423. Iwo Gold Lockets, one containing a portrait, and the other hair of Charles L, 

cut off when his coffin was opened in April 1813. Attached to a pendant. 

Lent by Major-General H. F. Davies. 



WEST GALLERY.] RelicS. 95 

424. Silver Counter of James L and Prince Charles. 

By Simon Passe. Lent by T. O. Barlow, Esq. 

425. POMFRET Siege-piece, in gold, dated 1648, and current at the time for 20 shillings. 

This octagonal piece of gold, a " Pomfret siege-piece," was struck from part of the plate, 
melted by the besieged Royalists during the sieges the castle sustained on behalf of 
Charles I. The place having been battered by Cromwell, finally surrendered to General 
Lambert, March 19, 1649, ^.fter the execution of the King. Similar pieces in silver 
are not rare, but in gold very rare. It was given to Sir Thomas G. Cullum, Bart., by Bath 
King-of-Arms, F. H. T. Barnwell, and has been for some years exhibited in the Library 
at Trinity College, Cambridge. 

Lent by Gery Milner-Gibson-Cullum, Esq. 

426. Gold Brooch, with poi trait of Charles L in pen and ink. 

By John Thomasin, of Tarvin. Lent by Sir Philip Grey Egerton, Bart. 

427. Enamelled Gold Memorial Ring, with portrait of Charles L 

Lent by C. D. E. Fortnum, Esq. 

428. Gold Enamelled Memorial Ring, with portrait of Charles L, set in diamonds. 

Given by Charles IL to Sir William Dugdale. 

Lent by Mrs. Stratford Dugdale. 

429. Garter Onyx George of Prince Rupert. Lent by The Duke of Beaufort, K.G. 

430. Silver Stud which belonged to Charles I. 

Lent by Charles Marchant, Esq. 

431. Gold Ring with Portrait of Frederick V., King of Bohemia, and Elector Palatine. 

Lent by Her Majesty the Empress Frederick. 

432. Two Miniature Portraits, in gold filagree setting, of Charles 1. and ()ueen 

Henrietta Maria, signed S(amuel) C(ooper). 

Lent by C. F. Fellowes, Esq. 

433. A Silver Watch, given by Charles I. to Bishop Jeremy Taylor, and inherited from 

him by the owner. Maker's name, "Jacobus Markwick Londini." 

Lent by LiEUT-CoL. JerEmy Taylor Marsh. 

434. A Lock of King Charles L's Hair, with the following description :— 

" King Charles 1. of Ever blessed memory his sacred Ma''=* 
heare when he was in Scotland in the year 1641." 

Lent by LiEUT.-CoL. Jeremy Taylor Marsh. 



96 Exhibition of the Royal House of Sttiart. 



435. Gold Ring with Miniature of King Charles I. 

Lent by R. Feilden, Esq. 

436. Lock of Hair of Charles L Lent by R. Feilden, Esq. 

437. The Earl of Stafford's Snuff-box. Tortoiseshell, with Stafford Arms and 

" J.S." under coronet. Lent by The Hon. A. Holland-Hibbert. 

438. Silver Snuff-box, with portrait of Charles L by Hans Rieger, similar to the 

pendants Nos. 401 and 402. Lent by T. W. Erle, Esq. 

439. Tortoiseshell Snuff-box, with silver badge of Charles L 

Lent by Henry H. Gibbs, Esq. 

440 Walnut Box, with a miniature of Queen Henrietta Maria. 

Lent by The Duke of St. Albans. 

441. Silver-Mounted Snuff Horn, given by James L and VL to Gordon of Glenbucket 

in 1568. Lent by The Rev. A. Meldrum. 

442. James VFs. hunting bottle in a leather case. 

Lent by The Hon. Mrs. Maxwell-Scott, 

443. Autograph Letter of Charles L, with a lock of his hair and of that of Henrietta 

Maria attached. Lent by The Hon. Mrs. Eykyn. 

444. Pattern Gold Five Broad Piece with head of Charles L and his titles on the 

obverse, and on the reverse the royal shield with the motto florent concordia 
REGNA. Size 1.6. Electrotype. 

The original coin, which is in the possession of H. Montagu, Esq., was presented by 
Charles I. to Bishop Juxon on the scaffold just before his execution. It formerly 
belonged to the Rev. James Commehne of Cambridge, a collateral descendant of 
the Bishop. From him it passed successively through the possession of Lieut -Col. John 
Drummond, Mr. Edward Wigan, and from Mr. S. Addington to the present owner. 

Lent by H. Montagu, Esq. 

445. Gold Enamelled Repeater given by Elizabeth Queen of Bohemia, to Frederick^, 

second son of Sir Simon Harcourt. Lent by E. W. Harcourt, Esq. 

446. Gold Miniature Badge of Charles L 

Lent by The Duke of Richmond and Gordon. 



WEST GALLERY.] Rehcs. 97 



447. Gold Snuff-Box, with miniature of Charles L 

Lent by Comyn Clifton, Esq. 

448. Gold Ring, with portrait of Charles L 

Lent by The Right Hon. Sir Charles W. Dilke, Bart. 

449. Gold Ring, with miniature of King Charles L set in diamonds, formerly enamelled, 

given by the King to Sir Henry Firebrace, Clerk of the Kitchen to Charles I. and 
II., whose grand-daughter married fourth Earl of Denbigh. 

Lent by THE Earl of Denbigh. 

450. Silver Royalist Badge of Charles L set with diamonds. 

Lent by A. J. Rodway, Esq. 

451. A Tortoiseshell Snuff-Box, with a fine silver medallion of Charles L 

Lent by Henry H. Almack, Esq. 

452. Enamelled and Gold Ring, with inscription, "pro patria non timidus mori," 

and portrait of Charles L, with motto of the Garter. Given to Charles H. by Hen- 
rietta Maria in memory of his father, and won from the King in a gambling 
transaction by Admiral Hill, maternal ancestor of owner. 

Lent by Lieut. A. D. Douglas-Hamilton, R.N. 

453. Ebony Dressing Case richly mounted in silver, containing relics of Charles I., com- 

prising an ivory powder-box, a shaving-brush, three combs in silver, tortoiseshell, 
and wood, a pair of scissors, a steel etui case, another enamelled, a pair of gilt- 
tissue garters, a leather fan, a silver badge, a pair of richly embroidered gloves, 
a miniature of the king in embroidery, a French cambric collar, a piece of ribbon 
worn on the scaffold, a silver medal of James L on tortoiseshell, &c. 
[See Case F.] Lent by Captain Still. 

454. . Mourning Ring of Charles I. Lent by The Earl of Northesk. 

455. Ring of Charles L Lent by The Earl of Northesk. 

456. Memorial Ring given by Charles IL to Sir William Dugdale in memory of Charles L 

Lent by Mrs. Str.atford Dugdale. 

G 



gS Exhibition of the Royal House of Sttiart. 



457. A Silver-gilt Medallion Portrait of Charles I. 

Lent by Henry H. Almack, Esq. 

458. Silver Badge of Charles I. By T. Rawlins. Lent by C. F. Fellows, Esq. 

459. Small Silver Badge of Charles L By T. Rawlins. 

Lent by C. F. Fellows, Esq. 

460. Silver Gilt Badge of Charles L, to be worn as a brooch. By T. Rawlins. 

Lent by Mrs. Herbert A. Grueber. 

461. Gold Medal of Charles L " Virtut ex me fortunam ex aliis." 

Lent by H.R.H. the Duchess of Albany. 

462. Large Silver Watch, formerly the property of Charles L, given to Mr. Spencer of 

Redleaf by Elizabeth, daughter of James L, when he entertained her at his house 
near Penshurst. Maker's name, " Edwardus East, Londini." 

Lent by Mrs. Boyse. 

462*. Silver Alarum Watch, given as a keepsake by Charles L to Mr. Edward 
Worsley on the occasion of his attempt to escape from Carisbroke Castle. The 
watch has been in the possession of the Worsley family from the time of its 
presentation, as appears from the wills of various possessors of it. 

Lent by C. S. Worsley, Esq. 



CASE H-North Gallery. 

RELICS OF CHARLES J J., JAMES II. AND VII, GATHER I Am OF 
BRAGANZA, MARY OF MO DEN A, ANNE, '&'c. 

463. A Silver-Gilt Caudle Cup and Cover, and Salver on Foot, hall-marked 
i66o — I, embossed with foxes and stags, presented by Charles IL to Sir 
Frederick Robinson, Bart, Keeper of the Tower. 

Lent by The Rev. SiR Frederick Robinson, Bart. 



NORTH GALLERY,] RellCS. 99 



464. Small Clock enamelled, given to "Old Oscott" by Bishop Milner ; formerly 

belonged to James IL 

Lent by The President of Oscott College. 

465. A large Ivory Tankard, with the landing of Charles IL at Dover carved on it. 

Lent by Captain L. Wunett, 

466. COCOANUT Cup, mounted in silver, which belonged to Sir Thomas Adams, Lord 

Mayor of London in 1646, who was knighted at the Restoration. The 
cup was given to him by Charles II. The letters T. A. and date 1658 are 
engraved on the lid. 

Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 

467. A Piece of the Boscobel Oak. Lent by E. W. Harcourt, Esq. 

468. Gold Miniature Badge, with Portrait of Charles IL 

Lent by Sir Archibald Lamb, Bart. 

469. Gold Ring, with Miniature of Charles II. 

Lent by The Duke of Richmond and Gordon, K.G. 

470. Gold Ring, with miniature of Charles II. 

Lent by The Duke of St. Albans. 

471. Piece of Ribbon worn by Charles II. at his wedding, set in a gold mount. 

Lent by Tpie Duke of St. Albans. 

472. Leek, formed of green silk and white beads, worn by Charles 1 1, on St. David's 

Day. Lent by Lord Bagot. 

473. Star of the Order of the Garter, formed of silver wire and silk embroidery, 

worn by Charles II. Lent by Lord Bagot. 

474. Gold Box, set with rubies and diamonds alternately, with miniature portrait in enamel 

of Queen Mary of Modena, wife of James II. in a pink dress. 

Lent by Charles Francis Fellows, Esq. 

475. Gold Ring, with bezel I. R. surmounted by crown and border of rubies, which 

belonged to James II. Lent by The President of Oscott College. 

G 2 



lOO Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



476. A Copy of Eikon Basilike (one of the 1649 editions) with signature of Charles II. 

on the fly-leaf. 

The binding is of the more elaborate type used for special copies. Given by Charles 
II. to Sir William Murray, first baronet of Stanhope. 

Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 

477. Pair. OF Leather Gauntlets of Charles II. 

Presented to Edmund Lovel, great-great-grandfather of the present owner, by King 
Charles II. Mr. Lovell had raised a troop of horse for the service and restoration of 
the King, who, meeting him at the head of his men, drew the gloves from his hands and 
gave them as a memento. Lent by Mrs. Speid. 

478. Snuff-Box of Oak from Boscobel Tree. Mounted in silver with representation of 

Charles II. in the oak, and a party of soldiers searching, and " Boscobal House " 
in the background. Lent by Charles Milnes Gaskell, Esq. 

479. "The Original Manuscripts or Papers of Devotion of his Late Ma^^'" 

OF Blessed Memory James the 2nd. King of G. Britain." 

These papers, which according to a note by Queen Mary of Modena, were to have 
been deposited with the King's other papers in the Scots College at Paris, seem to 
have been retained by the son of James II., and passed ultimately to Prince Henry, 
Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX.) From him they came to the Marchese Malatesta, 
nephew of a friend and executor of the Cardinal. 

Lent by Blaney R. Townley Balfour, Esq. 

480. " A Collection of several of his late Maties [James II. and VII.] papers of devotion, 

copied exactly out of the original manuscripts left by his Ma'y in his own hand- 
writing." 

At the end is the following note in the hand-writing of Queen Mary (of Modena). 
" This is a trew copy of the original papers which are now in my hands, and which when 
the King my son and i make no more use of them are to be deposited in the Scots 
College of Paris, ther to be preserved with the rest of the King of ever blessed memory 
his original papers conforme to his Majesty's intention. Maria R., St. Germains, 
Ja. 27, 1702." Lent by R. Maxwell Witham, Esq. 

481. L'Office de la Semaine Sainte. Nouvelle edition. D. Chenault, Paris, 

[1690 (?)] 8vo. 

In richly gilt binding with the Royal Arms of Great Britain and Ireland thereon. The 
words " Le Roy d'Angletair" are written on the inside of the cover. The book 



NORTH GALLERY.] RelicS. lOl 



belonged to James IL and VIL It subsequently came into the possession of 
F. Fortescue Turvile of Bos worth Hall, from whose family it passed to the Rev. W. J. 
Amherst, S.J., who gave it to its present owners. 

Lent by The Rector of Stonyhurst College. 

482. " Missale Romanum," &c., Paris, 1684, 12". 

Belonged to Princess Louisa, daughter of James II. and VIL, whose name "Louise 
Marie," written by her own hand, appears on the inside of the cover. 

Lent by The Rector of Stonyhurst College. 

483. Crystal Watch given by Charles II. to Mrs. Jane Lane, who aided him after the 

Battle of Worcester. It bears the maker's name, Henry Grendon at ye Exchange 
Fecit. Lent by Alfred S. Merry, Esq. 

484. Silver-gilt Pomander, given by Queen Anne to Mrs. Graham. 

Lent by Miss Frances M. Ellis. 

485. Queen Anne Memorial Ring. Lent by C. D. E. Fortnum, Esq. 

486. Lock of Hair of James II. and VIL, in a glass cylinder. 

Lent by Mrs. C. Markham. 

487. A Venetian Glass Goblet, engraved by hand, with portrait of King Charles II. 

his Queen, King Charles in the Oak Tree, and Royal Arms and date 1663. 

Lent by Henry Festing, Esq. 

488. Heart-shaped Double Silver Locket set with diamonds, bearing on one side 

a representation of the Boscobel Oak on ivory, and on the other the inscription 
"C.R. 6 Sep. 1650." 

Belonged to Lady Janet Murray, wife of Sir William Murray, ist Bart, of Stanhope, 
and daughter of James, ist Earl of Hartfcll. 

Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 

489. Gold Brooch with rock crystal enclosing a plait of hair of James II. and VIL, and 

a device of crown, deaths-head, &c. On the back is inscribed "J. R. obiit Sept. 
16, 1701, aetatis 68." 

Belonged to Sir Alexander Murray, Bart., M.P. for Peebles. 

Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 



UNTVERPTTY OF CALIFORNIA 
SANTA BAliJARA COLLEGE LIBRARY 



I02 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 

490. Silver Heart - shaped Cassolette Pendant of Pierced Scroll-work 

ornamented with rubies and diamonda, and surmounted by a crown. 

Belonged to Queen Catherine of Braganza, but is supposed to have been given 
originally to Queen Henrietta Maria by her mother. Subsequently it became the 
property of various Queens of Portugal, and was presented by Dona Carlotta Joachina 
de Bourbon to her lady-in-waiting, Dona Maria Justina da Costa Posser, great-great 
aunt of the present owner. 

Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 

491. Oval Silver Badge, struck on the marriage of Charles II. and Catherine of 

Braganza. 

Lent by William Barclay Squire, Esq. 

492. Silver Royalist Badge of Charles II. 

Lent by A.. J. Rodway, Esq. 

493. Silver Badge of Charles II., struck before the Restoration. 

Lent by C. F. Fellows, Esq. 

494. Piece of Shirt, Piece of Flannel, and Piece of Handkerchief, and 

Book with Particulars, of Charles II., formerly belonged to Father 
Huddlestone. Lent by Francis Riddell, Esq. 

495. Pair of Gloves left by James II. at Rochester. 

Lent by Miss Marsh Caldwell. 

496. Silver Medal of James II. " Genus Antiquum." 

Lent by The Duke OF Leinster. 

497. Silver Medal of Charles II. " Favente Deo." 

Lent by The Duke of Leinster. 

498. Silver Medal of Charles II. " Tandem revirescit." 

Lent by The Duke of Leinster. 

499. Miniature Gold Badge, as a slide, of Charles II. 

Lent by The Earl of Mar and Kellie. 

499*. Silver Tankard of Charles II, with arms engraved. 

Lent by R. Brudenell Carter, Esq., M.D. 



NORTH GALLERY.] RelicS. IO3 



CASE I-North Gallery. 

RELICS OF PRINCE JAMES FRANCIS EDWARD {JAMES III. A^D 
VIII), AND PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD {CHARLES III). 

500. A Silk Pincushion, bearing the names of those who were "martyred for king and 

country, in 1746." 

In the centre is a white rose, and arranged in circles round it are names of the " Mait. 
for K. and Con. 1746," amounting to seventy-seven, being those who were put to death 
at Tower Hill, Kennington, Carlisle, and elsewhere for their share in the rising of 1745. 

For a complete list of the names, with the places and names of their execution, 
see The Stuart Calendar (London, iS38). 

Lent .by Alex. Pelham Trotter, Esq. 

501. A SIMILAR Pincushion. Lent by Captain Lockley. 

502. A SIMILAR Pincushion. Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

503. Small Gold Box belonging to Prince Charles Edward, and presented by him to Sir 

Robert Strange. In it are five littleTrolls of paper with secret despatches sent in 
the '45. Lent by Alex. Pelham Trotter, Esq. 

504. Tortoiseshell Snuff-Box, presented by Prince Charles Edward to Mr. Hay, of 

Restalrig, his private secretary, and great-grandfather of the Tweedies of Quarter, 
CO. Peebles. Lent by Alex. Forbes Tweedie, Esq. 

505. Oval Silver Snuff-Box with half-length, full-faced portrait, in full armour, of Prince 

James Francis Edward engraved on the lid : two angels support a crown over 
his head, the one to the right holds a sceptre, at the bottom swords, drums, and 
flags, and the inscription " This is he, i. Sam. xvi. 12." Underneath, Boscobel 
House, an exact copy, from a bird's eye view, of Boscobel, engraved by W. Hollar. 
The incident of Charles II.'s early life is thus brought to bear upon the fortunes 
of the later Stuart. Lent by T. M. Whitehead, Esq. 

806. Frame containing ring with portrait of Prince James, a signet ring, a locket containing 
lock of hair of Prince Charles Edward, pieces of his plaid, and of his 
Kibbon of the Thistle ; bronze and silver medals of Prince Charles, relating 
to his birth and the Rising of 1745, and the bronze medal of Henry, Cardinal, Duke 
of York, asserting his titles to the crown. 

Lent bv Mrs. Robert Drummond. 



I04 Exhibition of the Royal Hottse of Stuart. 



507. Heart-Shaped Snuff-Box of tortoiseshell, set in silver, with monogram, J.R. 

S 

It is believed to have reached the present ovi^ner through an ancestor, who married 
Mary, only child of Colonel Radclift'e, a cousin of the last Earl of Derwentwater, on which 
account the Dolling family were allowed to quarter the arms of Radcliffe with their own 
and assume the Radcliffe crest in addition to that of the Boilings. 

Lent by The Rev. J. Ratcliffe Dollixg. 

508. Lock of Hair of Prince Charles Edward. 

On the paper which contained this hair is the statement that it was "given to me by 
Dr. Watson, the Collector and Possessor of the Stuart Archives." In this Gallery there 
is exhibited a letter from Dr. Robert Watson to the Rev. E. J. Bury, in which the writer 
says, " I take the liberty of enclosing a lock of Prince Charlie's hair cut off in 1737." 
This is probably the lock referred to. 

Lent by The Head Master of Harrow School. 

609. Silver Snuff-Box, double lid, one of which shows portrait of Prince James, copied 
from medal. Given by him to Dr. Kenyon, his medical attendant, from whom it 
passed to the present possessor. 

Lent by The Hon. and Rev. W. Trevor Kenyon. 

510. Frame containing a portion of the Ribbon of the Garter and a lock of hair ot 

Prince Charles Edward. Lent by Lord Willoughby de Eresby. 

511. Ivory Snuff-Box with a portrait of Prince Charles Edward. It belonged to John 

Murray of Broughton, Secretary to the Prince, great-great-grandfather of the 
present owner. Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 

612. Gold and Tortoiseshell Snuff-Box with portrait of Prince Charles Edward 
behind moveable mask. Lent by Mrs. H. C. Kennard. 

513. Enamelled Gold Memorial Ring with miniature of Prince James Francis 

Edward. Lent by The Rev. J. C. Jackson. 

514. Habit Shirt worn by Prince Charles Edward, when disguised as Betty Burke. 

Lent by General Macdonald. 

515. A Piece of the Ribbon of the Order of the Garter, worn by Prince James, 

Lent by Henry H. Almack, Esq. 



NORTH GALLERY.] RcUcS. IO5 

516. Copper Plate for printing paper money, of various values from a penny upwards, 

used during the '45. The device is C. P. with a crown. 

Lent by CoL. Macpherson, of Cluny. 

517. Framed Drawing of a Head, by Prince Charles Edward when a boy at Rome. 

Given to Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe by Abbe Turner. 

Lent by The Rev. W. K. Riland Bedford. 

518. Book in embroidered velvet cover describing relics of Saints given to Prince James 

in 1717. Lent by B. R. Townley Balfour, Esq. 

519. A Jacobite Cockade of Ribbon. 

Lent by Mrs. C. Markham. 

520. Silver Porringer, with cover. Belonged to Princess Clementina, wife of 

Prince James and mother of Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by The Countess Isabel Curtis Cholmeley. 

521. Portion of the Tartan Plaid worn by Prince Charles Edward while at Moy 

Hall, which place he left for Inverness, February 18, 1746. 

Its authenticity was vouched for by Sir ^neas Mackintosh, from whom it was 
obtained by Miss Jane Abernethy, a member of an old Aberdeenshire Jacobite family, 
from whom, in 181 7, it was a gift to an aunt of the present owner. 

Lent by The Misses Boyle. 

522. Small Lock of Prince Charles Edward's Hair, given to the Hon. Mrs. 

Robertson, of Struan, daughter of Lord Nairne, " the day it was cut," by Mr. 
John Stuart, a constant attendant of the Prince. 

It passed to the family of Hepburn of Keith (noted Jacobites) by gift from Caroline. 
Lady Nairne, granddaughter of Mrs. Robertson. Prince Charles Edward gave locks ot 
his hair to Flora Macdonald and Mrs. Macdonald of Kingsburgh, companions of his 
tlight. Lent by The Misses Boyle. 

523. Piece of Ribbon of Garter of Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by The Misses Boyle. 

524. Pair of Mittens worn by Prince Charles Edward when disguised as Betty Burke. 

Lent by The Earl of Denbigh. 



io6 ExJiibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 

525. Ribbon of the Garter of Prinxe Charles Edward. 

Lent by LORD Braye. 

526. Gold and Tortoiseshell Snuff-box, with portrait of Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by The Rev. James J. G. Graham. 

527. Three Jacobite Rings, one of gold and two of silver. 

The inscriptions are " Awa, Whigs, awa," " Do come," and " The rose that's like the 
snaw." Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

528. Two Jacobite Drinking Glasses. 

Engraved with the portrait of Prince Charles and the motto " Audentior Ibo." 

Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

529. Jewelled Watch Case, of gold filagree work, presented by Prince James to Lady 

Threipland, 1716. Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

530. Two richly-worked Purses with initials " J.R.S." and " P.C.S." 

Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

531. Silver Collar for an Italian greyhound, sent by Prince Charles Edward to Lady 

Threipland, in 1750. Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

532. Baptismal Napkin of Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

533. Gold Enamelled and Jewelled Brooch, with lock of Prince Charles Edward's 

hair. Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

534. Snuff Mull, given by Prince Charles Edward to Maxwell of Kirkconnell. 

Lent by Robert Maxwell Witham, Esq. 

535. Lock of Prince Charles Edward's Hair, cut off at 16 years old. 

Lent by H.R.H. The Duchess OF Albany. 

536. Garter and Ribbon of Prince Charles Edward, the garter worked by the Countess 

of Derwentwater. Lent by H.R.H. The Duchess of Albany. 

537. Star of the Garter of Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by H.R.H. The Duchess of Albany. 



NORTH gallery] Rf/ics. IO7 



538. Crystal Locket with Prince Charles Edward's hair, given by him to Miss Dolbin 

in 1745. Lent by H.R.H. The Duchess OF Albany. 

539. Jacobite Pincushion belonging to Miss Dolbin. 

Lent by H.R.PL The Duchess of Albany. 

540. Tortoiseshell and Silver Snuff-box, given by Prince Charles Edward after 

Culloden to Lady Mary Menzies. 

Lent by Ste\vart Menzies, Esq. 

541. Lock of Hair of Prince Charles Edward when twelve years old. 

Lent by The Rev. E. Hugh Walters. 

542. Double-lid Gold Snuff-box, the underUd having a portrait of Prince Charles 

Edward. Lent by The Earl of Ashburnham. 

543. China Punch Bowl broken by Prince Charles Edward at Kingsburgh House, 

Skye, on Sunday, 29th June, 1746. 

The Prince arrived at Kingsburgh House, Skye, on Sunday, 29th June, 1746, with Flora 
Macdonald, he being then disguised as her waiting-maid. He was hospitably received 
by Macdonald of Kingsburgh. it being late, and the Prince having to proceed early on 
the morrow, Kingsburgh urged him to retire to rest, and attempted to remove the 
bowl from which they had been drinking. The Prince, pressing for more drink, 
retained hold of the bowl, and in the struggle it was broken. The pieces were carefully 
preserved, sent to London, and rivetted together. Kingsburgh, for sheltering the Prince 
that night, was taken prisoner to Fort Augustus, and afterwards to Edinburgh, w^here he 
was confined until July 4th, 1747, when he was released under the Act of Grace. The 
present owner of the bowl is his great-great-great-granddaughter. 

Lent by Miss Margaret Macalister Williamson. 

544. Four Silver- Wire Buttons taken from the clothes of Prince Charles Edward 

when at Edinburgh. Lent by Mrs. C. Markham. 

545. Pair of Garters, coloured silk, with legend : 

'• Come let us with one heart agree 
To pray that God may bless P. C." 

Lent by Mrs. C. Markham. 

546. Silver Shirt Studs worn by Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent bv Col. Macpherson, of Clunv. 



io8 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



547. Coffee Mill of Wood used by Prince Charles Edward during his wanderings. 

Lent by COL. Macpherson, of Cluny. 

548. Drinking Cup of Silver used by Prince Charles Edward in 1745. 

Engraved on this cup are the Royal Arms of Scotland, the [mottoes "In defence" 
and " Nemo me impune lacesset," and the initials C. P. R. 

Lent by CoL. Macpherson, OF Cluny. 

549. Shirt Frill of Lace. 

Left by Prince Charles at Fassiefern the day subsequent to his raising the Royal 
Standard at Glenfinnan. The box in which it is kept was carved by a shepherd's boy, 
with his skean diibh, with medallion portraits of the Prince James and his wife, also of 
Prince Charles and Cardinal York. 

Lent by Col. Macpherson, of Cluny. 

550. A Lock of Prince Charles Edward's Hair. 

Lent by Lieut. F. G. Innes Lillingston, R.N. 

551. Diamond Brooch with lock of his hair, given by Prince Charles Edward to John 

Kinloch of Kibrie and Logic at Versailles, 1750. 

Lent by CoL. J. Grant Kinloch of Kibrie and Logie. 

552. Gold Snuff-Box, presented by Prince Charles Edward to Lieut. -Col. Donald 

MacDonell, of Lochgarry. 

Lent by Arthur Anthony Macdonell, of Lochgarry. 

553. Gold Ring, given by Prince Charles to a member of the Graham family. 

Lent by Miss Frances M. Ellis. 

554. Garter and Ribbon of the Order, formerly in the possession of Prince Charles 

Edward. Lent by MiSS Frances M. Ellis. 

555. Streamers used during the '45. [This is probably a book-marker.] 

Lent by Miss Frances M. Ellis. 

556. Silver Knee Buckle, engraved with C. S., given by Prince Charles Edward to 

Mrs. Murray, of Broughton. Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 



NORTH GALLERY.] RelicS. lOQ 

557. QuAiGH OF Wood of Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by The Hon. Mrs. Maxwell-Scott. 

558. Enamelled Gold Ring with the inscription " Pro Rege et Patria." 

Lent by Alex. Pelham Trotter, Esq. 

559. Piece of Tartan Coat worn by the Prince while in hiding, 1746. The owner's 

great-grand-uncle sheltered the royal fugitive, and supplied a new disguise. Vide 
" Lyon in Mourning," vol. viii. 

Lent by MiSS JULIET Macdonald, of Inverlair. 

560. A Piece of Tartan Plaid worn by Prince Charles the night before the battle of 

Culloden. Lent by MiSS Petrie. 

561. Onvx George of the Garter of Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by The Duke of Beaufort, K.G. 

562. A Silver Dessert Spoon, in case. 

Inside the case is the following inscription : "Prince Charles gave Dr. Macleod a case 
containing a silver spoon, knife and fork, on leaving him in the Isle of Skye, saying, 
' Keep you that till I see you.' The case with the silver spoon, etc., given by the 
Chevalier to Dr. Macleod came into the hands of Mary, Lady Clerk of Pennycuick, who 
intrusted me with the honourable commission of presenting them in her ladyship's name 
to H.M. George the Fourth. Signed, Walter Scott," and " Given to Lady Willoughby 
de Eresby by the Dowager Marchioness of Conyngham, 1855." 

The spoon is of the common "rat-tail " pattern, and is very much worn on one side. 
It bears a rude inscription, "This was the Pretender's." The case is ornamented with 
the Royal Arms of England, with those of Hanover on an escutcheon of pretence, and 
the rose, shamrock, and thistle. 

Lent by LORD Willoughby de Eresby. 

563. Gold Ring, with M. R. and a deaths-head and cross-bones. 

Lent by LORD Napier and Ettrick. 

564. Two Silver Medals of Prince Charles Edward, struck in anticipation of his 

arrival in 1745. Lent by H.R.H. the Duchess OF Albany. 

565. Silver Medal of James III. and Queen Clementina, given to John Stuart of Foss, 

Culloden. Lent by Stewart Menzies, Esq. 



no Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



566. Lock of Hair of Prince James Francis Edward. 

Lent by Mrs. C. Markham. 

567. Pair of Brass Taper Stands, which belonged to Prince James Francis Edward, 

Lent by MlSS Blackett, 

568. A Piece of the Plaid of Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by Henry H. Aliiack, Esq. 

569. Leather Case containing silver knife, fork, and spoon belonging to Prince Charles 

Edward. Lent by Mrs. Shaw. 

570. Locket of rock crystal, mounted in gold, with diamonds, rubies, and emeralds, 

containing a portrait of Prince Charles Edward at the age of one year. 

Given by Prince James to Sir David Murray of Stanhope, who, after receiVin 
sentence of death in 1748 for his share in the '45, was banished. 

Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 

571. Gold Ring, set with diamonds and garnets, enclosing the hair of Prince Charles 

Edward, with the monogram " C.P.W." (Charles, Prince of Wales). 

On the inner part of the hoop is inscribed "J. B., Nov. 17, 1722." 
Given by Prince James to Sir James Barclay, Bart., and by him bequeathed to Sir 
David Murray of Stanhope. 

Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 

572. Sleeve Links of silver, with monogram " C.P.W." 

Formerly belonged to Prince Charles Edward, and given by him to John Murray 
of Broughton, the Prince's Secretary. 

Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 

573. Diamond Ring, with rose diamond in centre, and four smaller ones round it. 

Presented by Prince Charles Edward, at Duddingston, in 1745, to Beatrice, daughter of 
the Rev. — Jenkinson, of Athelstaneford, afterwards married to Patrick Dudgeon, 
of Drem. It passed from her possession to the eldest daughter. Miss Ovenston, of her 
first grandchild, by whom it was given to the present owner. 

Lent by Hugh Cunninghame, Esq. 



NORTH GALLEKY.] RelicS. Ill 



574. Piece of the Ribbon of the Garter worn by Prince Charles at the battle of 

Culloden. Lent by The Earl of Mar and Kellie. 

575. Piece of the Standard of Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by The Earl of Mar and Kellie. 

576. Silver Medal of Prince Charles Edward, " Spes et Amor." 1745. 

Lent by The Duke of Leinster. 

577. Glass which belonged to Prince Charles Edward. It bears three verses of the 

Jacobite original of " God save the King." 

Lent by S. M. Keith Douglas, Esq. 



CASE J-North Gallery. 

RELICS OF PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD {CHARLES III), THE 
FORTY-FIVE, FLORA MACDONALD, &^c. 

578. Pocket-Book carried by Prince Charles Edward after Culloden. 

Lent by Miss Margaret E. Mackenzie. 

579. Piece of Ribbon of the Garter worn by Prince Charles Edward at Culloden. 

Lent by Miss Margaret E. Mackenzie. 

580. Prayer-Ring (with a decade of the rosary, a cross used for the Paternoster;, 

enamelled. Contains the hair of Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by Miss Margaret E. Mackenzie. 

581. Coloured Engraving of Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by Miss Margaret E. ]\La.ckenzie. 

582. Miniature of Lieut.-Col. John Macdonald, F.R.S., youngest son of Flora 

Macdonald. 

Lent by Major-Gen. John Macdonald. 



1 1 2 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



583. Gold Snuff-box, with portrait of Marie Leczinska, Queen of Louis XV. of France. 

Formerly belonged to Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by MiSS Desbrowe. 

584. Steel Die for Medal (oak medal) of Prince Charles Edward, made in 1749 by 

T. Pingc. Lent by The Rt. Hon. Sir Charles W. Dilke, Bart. 

585. Tablets of Princess Louisa (of Stolberg), Countess of Albany. 

Lent by LORD Braye. 

586. Target of Wood, lined with leopard-skin, one of the enarmes and the pike missing. 
Covered with leather and studded with silver ornamentation, richly chased ; in the 
centre is the Medusa's head, in which the pike could be inserted, surrounded by 
trophies of arms and silver studs. It was made in France for Prince Charles Edward, 
and was carried by him at Culloden. 

Lent by Col. Macpherson, of Cluny. 

587. Sporran, of French make, of sealskin, mounted in silver with silver tassels, worn by 

Prince Charles Edward. Lent by COL. Macpherson, of Cluny. 

588. Portfolio belonging to Prince Charles Edward. Brought from France by 

Euphemia, widow of James, Viscount Strathallan, Lord oi the Bedchamber 

to the Prince. 

Lent by Miss Mary Ste\vart. 

589. Six Silver Tea Spoons, gilt, engraved with the Initials C. R. (Carolus Rex — 

Prince Charles Edward), with the hall-mark of the year. Outside the bowls 
engraved with a shell ornament, the shanks with friezes of flowers. 

Lent by Isaac Falcke, Esq. 

590. Sporran which belonged to Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by The Duke of Richmond and Gordon, K.G. 

591. Diamond Key Brooch of Prince Charles Edward, given to Flora Macdonald. 

Lent by MRS. John Ponsonby. 

592. A Piece of Prince Charles Edward's Kilt. 

Lent by Alexander Farquharson, Esq. 



NORTH GALLERY.] RelicS. I 1 3 

593. Pair of Pocket Pistols, silver mounted and inlaid with gold, formerly belonging 

to Prince Charles Edward. Maker " Coignet." 

Lent by H.R.H. The Prince of Wales. 

593*. Gold Ring, with Miniature in ivory of Prince Charles Edward, said to have been worn 
bv him. Presented to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales by the Duchess of Gordon. 

Lent by H.R.H. The Prince of Wales. 

594. Card Case belonging to Princess Louisa (of Stolberg), Countess of Albany. 

Lent by Lord Braye. 

595. Three White Roses of paper, probably made by Lady Strange (Isabel Lumisden) 

at the time of Culloden. 

Miss Isabel Lumisden,, who afterwards became Lady Strange, was an enthusiastic 
Jacobite. It is said that Mr. Robert Strange, the engraver, when young, to whom she was 
engaged at the time of the '45, was threatened by her with dismissal if he did not join in 
the rising. These white roses, the badges of loyalty, were probably made by her to be 
worn at the triumphal entry of Prince Charles into Edinburgh. 

Lent by Alex. Pelham Trotter, Esq. 

PERSONAL RELICS OF FLORA MACDONALD, ETC. 

596. Pocket-book, w^orked by Flora Macdonald. 

Lent by THE Hon. Mrs. Maxwell- Scott. 

597. China Cups and Saucers, formerly belonging to Flora Macdonald. 

Lent by E. CocKBURN, Esq 

598. Flora Macdonald's Gold Glove Ring, with agate bezel. 

Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

599. Silver Snuff-box which belonged to Plora Macdonald and her husband. 

Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

600. Piece of Silk from Flora Macdonald's Dress. 

Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

601. Enamelled Locket, gold mount, representing a woman weeping before a tomb. 

Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

H 



114 Exhibihon of the Royal House of Stuart. 



602. Paste Diamond Ornament worn by Flora Macdonald. 

Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

603. Flora Macdonald's Wedding-Ring. 

Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

604. Small Pearl Brooch containing Flora Macdonald's and Prince Charles's hair. 

Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

605. Earrings of Scottish stones, worn by Flora Macdonald. 

Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

606. Old-fashioned Silver Etui Case used by Flora Macdonald. 

Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

607. Silver Needle-case used by Flora Macdonald. 

Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

608. Clasp with a Tree, worked in hair by Flora Macdonald. 

Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

609. Silver Brooch worn while "in hiding" after the '45. Probably designed by Sir 

Robert Strange. Lent by Miss Juliet Macdonald, of Inverlair. 

610. Table Napkin used by Prince Charles when under the roof of Macdonald of 

Kingsburgh. Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

611. Silver Cup, with inscription, used by Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

612. Horn Spoon used by Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

613. Table Spoon which belonged to Flora Macdonald. 

Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

614. Gold Locket with Prince Charles Edward's hair on one side and Flora Macdonald's 

on the other. Lent by Mrs. John Ponsonby. 



NORTH GALLERY.] RelicS, I 1 5 

615. Ticket of Admission to the private meetings of the Jacobites after the rising of 

1745. Around the edge, Cha. Edw. Stuart, born Deer. 20, 1720. Hen. Ben. 
Stuart, born Feb. 23, 1725. See also No. 1092. 

Lent by Henry H. Almack, Esq. 

616. S.MALL Piece of Tartan worn by Prince Charles Edward, left by him at Moy Hall. 

Lent by The Rev. A. Meldrum. 

617. Gold Ring, with a gnostic gem, found among the luggage of Prince Charles Edward 

at Culloden. Lent by Major Belford. 

618. CioLD Ring containing hair of Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by Mrs. Arthur Henfrev. 

619- Four Silver Table Spoons which belonged to Flora Macdonald. 

Lent by James Arnott, Esq. 

620. Gold Locket containing miniature of Prince Charles Edward, with dark-blue enamel 

band, set with rubies and diamonds, his hair at the back. 

Lent by P. A. W. CarneGY of Lour. 

621. Six Jacobite Drinking Glasses. Lent by The Rev. Walker Woolcombe. 

622. Photograph from the oil painting of Flora Macdonald in the Town Hall of Inverness. 

Lent by Major-General John Macdonald. 

623. Prayer Book of Church of England, published at Edinburgh in 1744, which 

belonged to " Isabella Lumisden, 1747," afterwards Lady Strange. 

This Prayer Book has been carefully corrected. In the prayer for the Royal Family 
the words "George" and '"Frederick" have been erased and replaced by "James" 
and "Charles.'' In the British Museum there is a similarly altered Prayer Book of a 
somewhat earlier date ; the names of " Charles, Prince of Wales, (2ueen Clementina," 
are substituted for " Frederick, Prince of Wales, the Princess of Wales." This book 
was found by a certain Lieut. Ogilvie, during the harrying of the Highlands in 1746, in 
the house of Macdonell of Glengarry. 

Lent by A. P. Trotter, Esq. 

624. Pair of Silver Spurs which belonged to Prince James (James III.). Bought at the 

sale of Cardinal York's property. Lent by J. A. Fuller Maitland, Esq. 

H 2 



ii6 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



CASE K-North Gallery. 

RELICS RELATING TO FRINGE HENRY BENEDICT, CARDINAL, 
DUKE OF YORK {HENRY IX.). 

625. Cardinal York's Mitre of figured white damask. 

Lent by Captain Anstruther Thomson. 

626. Leather Case for Cardinal York's Mitre, with Royal Arms. 

Lent by Captain Anstruther ThOiMSOn. 

627. Cardinal York's Biretta. Lent by Captain Anstruther Thomson. 

628. "Speech of the Lord High Steward (Lord Cowperj upon proceeding to 

judgment against James Earl of Derwentwater, William Lord Widdrington, 
William Earl of Nithisdale, Robert Earl of Carnwath, William Viscount 
Kenmure, and William Lord Nairn." Printed for Jacob Tonson, London, 
1715, fol. 

Belonged to Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX.). 

Lent by Lord Braye. 

629. Snuff-Box of red enamel mounted with gold, which belonged to Cardinal York. 

Lent by Lord Napier and Ettrick. 

630. Bronze Medal of Cardinal York which belonged to the Cardinal himself 

Lent by Captain Anstruther Thomson. 

631. Trowel of Cardinal York, with original case. Used at the Jubilee on the walling 

up of the Porta Sacra. Lent by Lord Braye. 

632. Bronze Medal of Pius VII. incase. Belonged to Cardinal York. 

Lent by Lord Braye 

633. Cardinal York's Note Book. ' Lent by Lord Braye. 

634. Autograph of Cardinal York, from a Letter to Sir John Cox Hippesley, Bart. 

Lent by Miss M. E. Mackenzie. 



I 



NORTH GALLERY.] RcUcS. I I / 



635. Silver Touch Pieces of "James IIL" and " Henry IX." 

Lent by Capt. Anstruther Thomson. 

636. Seal of Cardinal York. Lent by B. R. Townley Balfour, Esq. 

637. Status Animarum Alm.b Urbis, Anno 1764. 

A statistical account of the parishes of Rome. Manuscript, bound in vellum, bearing 
on the cover the Arms of Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York. 

Lent by The Misses Bovle. 

638. Maps of the Invasion of Scotland by Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.) 

in 1745. "A Paris, chez Juillot, Geographe Ord^ du Roy." 

There are seven of these maps, but the series is not complete, as the English part of 
the campaign is wanting. Belonged to Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York 
(Henry IX.). Lent by LORD Brave. 

639. " I Principi de Scozia Alessandro e Mitilde ; Dramma Sacro del Venerabile Servo 

di Dio Monsignor Giuseppe Sebastiani, prima Vescovo di Bisignano . . . e 
poi di Citta di Castello." 

A manuscript play, with a dedicatory epistle to Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York 
(Henry IX.), from Count Giuseppe Trajano Sebastiani. The arms of the Cardinal are 
stamped on the cover. Date, circ. 1780. Lent by Lord Brave. 

640. " Delle Lodi delle Belle Arti orazione, c componimenti poetici, detti in Campidoglio 

in occasione della Festa del concorso celebrata dall' insigne Accademia del 
Disegno di San Luca, I'anno 1739." Roma, 1739. sm. fol. 

Belonged to Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX.), whose arms, very 
incorrectly marshalled, appear on the cover. Lent by Lord Brave. 

641. Henrico Jacobi 111. Magnx Britannia: Regis filio, Duci Eboracensi . . . . S. R. E. 

Cardinali et vice-cancellario, Episcopo Tusculano .... Josephus Francisci F. 
Sturanius Patritius Anconitanus Convictor Kpisc. Sem. Septempedani Clerr. 
Regg. S. Paulli moderantibus Publicum Philosophia: experimcntum .... consecrat, 
etc." [Rome, 1790? 4to.] 

Presentation copy to Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX.), whose arms 
are embroidered on the cover. Lent bv Lord Bravi:. 



1 1 S Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



642. " Pompa Funebre per la Morte di Giacomo III. Re della Gran Bretagna 8 

Gennaro, 1766." 

A sheet representing the funeral procession of "James III. and VIII." Belonged to 
Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX.). Lent by Lord Braye. 

643. .Spectacles of Cardinal York (Henry IX.) in original case. 

Lent by Mrs. C. Markham. 

644. A Diamond or Paste Buckle, presented by Cardinal York to Sir John Cox 

Hippesley. Lent by Henry H. Almack, Esq. 

645. Two gilt Keys, used by Cardinal York when the Jubilee was proclaimed. 

Lent by Lord Braye. 

646. Spectacles of Cardinal York. Lent by Lord Braye. 

647. Piece of Velvet Robe, part of Cardinal York's Robe, given at Rome. 

Lent by COL. R. Dyott. 

648. Gold Episcopal Ring, with amethyst, of Cardinal York. 

Lent by The Rev. F. G. Lee, d.d. 

649. Plaster Copy of Medal of Cardinal York. 

Lent by Mrs. Wardale. 

650. Rosary of Agate and Chalcedony Beads which belonged to Cardinal York. 

Lent by Percy Gordon, Esq. 

651. Scent-bottle with gold stopper, belonging to Cardinal York. 

Lent by Blayney R. Townley Balfour, Esq. 

652. Silver Medal of Cardinal York. " Non desideriis hominum sed voluntate Dei. 

mdc€lxxxviii." Lent by The Duke of Leinster. 

653. Copper Medal of Cardinal York. Lent by The Duke of Leinster. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Miuiatures. 119 



CASE L-North Gallery. 

MINIATURES. 

654. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. 

Lent by The Rev. John C. Jackson. 

655. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. 

Lent by The Earl of Wharncliffe. 

656. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. In silver 

case, in which it is stated that the miniature was given by Prince 
James to Lord Lovat. 

By R. Armand. Lent by The Earl of Winchilsea. 

657. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. Given by 

him to James Edgar, his private Secretary. 

Lent by Miss Edgar. 

658. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. 

Enamelled, set in diamonds. 

Lent by Mrs. Singleton. 

659. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. 

Lent by The Hon. Mrs. Maxwell-Scott. 

660. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. 

Lent by COUNTESS ISABEL CURTIS CHOLMELEY. 

660*. Prince James Francis Edward (james ih. and viii.). 

Lent by Countess Isabel Curtis Cholmeley. 

661. Prince James Francis Edward [james ih. and viii.] (on copper). 

Lent by Isaac Falcke, Esq. 



1 20 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



662. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. (Indian 

ink on vellum). 

Lent by The Misses Petrie. 

663. Locket with Portrait of Prince James Francis Edward 

with the Royal Arms of Scotland on the back. 

Lent by Miss Margaret E. Mackenzie. 

664. Portraits engraved on ivory of Prince James and his wife 

the Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska. 

Lent by Gery Milner-Gibson Cullum, Esq. 

665. Princess Maria Cleinientina Sobieska. 

By Alba Rosa. Lent by George A. Musgrave, Esq., F.R.G.S. 

666. Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska, (Half length.) 

Lent by Countess Isabel Curtis Cholmeley. 

667. Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska. 

Lent by Lord Willoughby de Eresby. 

668. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. 

Lent by Lord Willoughby de Eresby. 

669. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. 

Lent by Lord W^illoughby de Eresby. 

6 70. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by Colonel R. Dyott. 

671. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.] and Prince Henry 

Benedict, Cardinal York [henry ix.]. 

Lent by H.R.H. The Duchess of Albany. 



NORTH GALLERY.] MiiliafureS. 12 1 



672. Prince Charles Edward [charles hl], and Prince Henry 

Benedict, Cardinal, Duke of York [Henry ix.]. 

Lent by H.R.H. The Duchess of Albany. 

673. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by E. Joseph, Esq. 

674. Prince Charles Edward [charles iil], as a child (Pastel). 

Lent by Countess Isabel Curtis Cholmelev. 

675. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by Countess Isabel Curtis Cholmelev. 

676. Prince Charles Edward [charles iil] 

Lent by LORD Willoughby de Eresby. 

677. Prince Charles Edward [charles iil] (when young). 

Lent by LORD Willoughby de Eresby. 

678. Prince Charles Edward [charles iil] (as a child). 

Lent by Lord Willoughby de Eresby. 

679. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by Lord Willoughby de Eresby. 

680. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by C. C. Baillie, Esq. 

681. Prince Charles Edward [charles iil] (on vellum). 

Lent by The Rev. F. G. Lee, D.D. 

682. Prince Charles Edward [charles iil] (set in diamonds). 

Lent by W. MURRAY Threipland, Esq. 



122 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 

682*. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. A print in gold case. 

Lent by Mrs. Shaw. 

683. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.] (in Highland dress). 

Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

684. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by Miss Geary. 

685. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

By Sir R. Strange. Lent by Alexander Pelham Trotter, Esq. 

686. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

By Zincke. Lent by The Earl of Wharncliffe. 

687. Prince Charles Edw^ard [charles hi.]. 

By Zincke. Lent by The Earl of Wharncliffe. 

688. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.] (in Highland dress and 

white cockade), on copper. 

Lent by Albert Nicholson, Esq. 

689. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.] (Paris, 1745). 

Lent by Miss Edgar. 

690. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi ] disguised in a woman's 

CLOTHES. From the original in the Royal Collection at the Hague. 

Lent by Mrs. Harvey of Ickwell-Bury. 

691. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by Dr. Hamilton. 

692. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.] (sketch). 

Lent by SiR Alfred Trevelyan, Bart. 

693. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by J. R. Dow, Esq. 



NORTH GALLERY.] MluiaturCS. 12. 



694. Prince Charles Edward [charles hl]. 

Lent by W. Stewart Mrnzies, Esq. 

695. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by G. Murray, Esq. 

696. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by John Stewart, Esq. 

697. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. On copper. He holds 

a miniature of his father. 
By Dahl. Lent by Charles Davis, Esq. 

698. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. P>om the Bernal 

Collection. 

Lent by The Hon. R. Baillie Hamilton. 

699. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. Behind the miniature 

a lock of his hair. 

Lent by Mrs. H. C. Kennard. 

700. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by Captain Anstruther Thomson. 

701. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.] in Tartan Coat, 

White Cockade, and Star of St. Andrew. 
By A. C. Ewald. Lent by MRS. H. C. Kennard. 

702. Princess Clementina Sobieska. 

Lent by Miss Edgar. 

703. Princess Louisa of Stoli!KRG. A rare engraving. 

Lent by The Misses Petrie. 

703*. Princess Louisa of Stolberg. 

Lent by A. P. Trotter, Esq. 

704. Prince Henry, afterwards Cardinal York, in red military 

dress. 

Lent by Albert Nicholson, Esq. 



124 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



705. Prince Henry Benedict, Cardinal York [henry ix.]. 

By V. Stern, 1743. Lent by Lord Willoughbyde Eresby. 

706. Prince Henry Benedict, Cardinal York [henry ix.]. 

(Monochrome.) 

Lent by Alexander Pelham Trotter, Esq. 

707. Prince Henry Benedict, Cardinal York [henry ix.]. 

Lent by The Earl of Mayo. 

708. James, Earl of Perth, Lord Chancellor of Scotland, created 

Duke of Perth by James H. at St. Germains. 

Signed "\V. H." Lent by Lord Willoughby de Eresby. 

709. James, Earl of Perth, set in diamonds. 

Lent by Lord Willoughby de Eresby. 

709* James, Earl of Perth (in oil). 

By J. Riley. Lent by W. Barclay Squire, Esq. 

7 10. Lady Jean Gordon, Duchess of Perth. 

Lent by LoRD Willoughby de Eresby. 

7 10*. Lady Clementina, Countess of Perth. 

Lent by Lord Willoughby de Eresby. 

711. Flora Macdonald. 

By G. Murray. Lent by P. F. Lee, Esq. 

712. Flora Macdonald (in case). 

Lent by Lieut.-General R. M. Macdonald. 

LENT B Y STE WART DA WSON, ESQ. 

713. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

714. Francis II., King of France. 

715. James I. and VI. 

By P. Oliver. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Miniatures. 125 

716. Anne of Den:\l\rk. 

By p. Oliver. 

717. Lady Arabella Stuart. 

By L Oliver. 

718. Charles, Prince of Walks [charles l]. 

By P. Oliver. 

719. Charles I. 

720. Henrietta Maria. 

721. Charles II. 

722. Catherine of Braganza. 

723. Catherine of Braganza. 

724. James II. and VII. 

725. Anne Hyde, Duchess of .York. 

726. James Fitz-J.-\mes, Duke of Berwick. 

727. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viil] as a child. 

728. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viil]. 

729. Prince James Francis Edward [j.\mes hl and viil]. 

730. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viil]. 

731. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viil]. 



126 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



732. Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska. 

By C. ZiNCKE. 

733. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

734. Louisa, Princess of Stolberg. 

735. Prince Henry Benedict, Cardinal York [henry ix.]. 

736. William, Prince of Orange, afterwards King of England. 

737. Mary, Princess of Orange, afterwards Queen, 

738. Queen Anne. 

These miniatures were collected by Princess Charlotte, and purchased at her death by 
the grandfather of the present owner. 

739. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.] in Field-Marshal's 

Uniform. 

Lent by C. C. Baillie, Esq. 

740. Prince James Edward Francis [tames hi. and viii.]. 

By Alexis Simon la Belle. Lent by C. A. Howell, Esq. 

LENT BY THE EARL OF -GALLOWAY. 

741. Robert II., from his engraved portrait in Johnston's inscriptions. 

742. Robert III., from Johnston's inscriptions. 

743. James I., from Johnston's inscriptions. 

744. James II., from Johnston's inscriptions. 



NORTH GALLERY.] MiniatuveS. 12/ 

745. James III., from the altar-piece at Holyrood. See No. 8. 

746. James IV., from a painting by D. Mytens. 

747. Margaret of Denmark, wife of James III., from the Holyrood 

triptych. See No. 8. 

748. James V., from Johnston's inscriptions. 

749. Mary of Lorraine, from the Hardwick portrait. 

750. Mary, Queen of Scots, from a portrait; not contemporary, but 

possibly after an authentic original. 

751. Francis II. of France. 

752. Henry, Lord Darn ley. 

« 

753. Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia. 

754. James I. and VI. 

755. Anne of Denmark. 

756. Henry, Prince of Wales. 

757. Prince Charles [charles i.]. 

758. Charles I. 

759. Henrietta Maria. 

760. Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans. 



128 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 

761. Mary, Princess of Orange. 

762. Prince Charles [charles ii.]. 

763. Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester. 

764. Charles II. 

765. Catherine of Braganza. 

766. James II. 

767. Anne Hyde, Duchess of York. 

768. Mary of Modena. 

769. Queen Anne. 

770. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. 

771. Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska. 

772. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

773. Princess Louisa of Stolberg. 

774. Prince Henra^ Benedict, Cardinal York [henry ix.]. 

These miniatures formerly belonged to Cardinal York. 

775. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by J. Sandell, Esq. 

775* Miniature of Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by J. R. Dow, ESQ. 



CENTRAL HALL.] ReHcS. 1 29 

CASE M— North Gallery. 

RELICS RELATING TO PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD 

[CHARLES III.], ETC. 

776. Table Cover which belonged to Prince Charles Edward, of fine drawn and em- 

broidered linen. Lent by Mrs. Carlisle. 

777. White Silk Sash of Prince Charles Edward, taken with his baggage at Culloden. 

It fell into the hands of Rauworth, the messenger who brought the first news of the 
disaster ; he gave it to Mr. Ancell, of the Secretary of State's Office, from whonr 
it passed to Mr. Astle, Keeper of the Records, whose son presented it to the Marquis 
of Buckingham in 1818. Lent by R. Baillie Hamilton, Esq. 

778. Tartan Coat, which belonged to Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by SiR J. H. Williams Drummond, Bart. 

779. Silk Brocade Costume of Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by R. W. J. Rushbrooke, Esq. 

780. Lace given by Queen Mary, daughter of James II., to her goddaughter Sarah 

Robinson, daughter of the Governor of the Tower in the reign of Charles II. 

Sarah Robinson married first to Sir Humphrey Gore, and secondly to John Harvey of 
Ickwell Bury. 

Lent by Mrs. Harvey of Ickwell Bury. 

781. Tablecloth, made of flax spun by Flora Macdonald. 

Lent by ]\Iajor-General John Macdonald. 

CASE N.-Central Hall. 

ARMS, WEAPONS, &c. 

782. Two Swords — Andrea Ferrara — used in a troop raised by Gray of Carntyne in 

1745. Lent by Captain Anstruther Thomson, 

783. A Sword worn by James II. Straight two-edged sword, with gilt leaf-shaped quillons 

grip bound with gilt wire, blade 29 inches, old velvet scabbard. 
This sword is said to have been the last worn by James II. in England ; it was found 
with a hat and cloak, in the pockets of which were some letters, in a secret closet at 
Ham House, Petersham, where it is supposed that the King left them when he quitted 
England in disguise, December, 1688. 

Lent by Charles De Ossone, Esq. 

I 



1 30 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



784. A Sword which belonged to James II., from Cardinal York's sale. 

Backsword with cup hilt, pommel and cup and quillons of cut and chased steel, 
bearing medallions with heads of the Stuart family, swept hilt, blade 34! inches, red 
velvet scabbard, steel mountings. Lent by Sir Archibald Lamb, Bart. 

785. Knife of Prince Charles Edward. 

A trousse, containing in black shagreen case with gilt chased and engraved mountings, 
a large knife or parepain, three small ones, one fork, and one larding needle, all with 
richly gilt and chased handles. Lent by The Hon. Mrs. Maxwell-Scott. 

786. Pistol, given by Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.) to his Secretary, John 

Murray of Broughton. 

Snaphaunce pistol, mounted in repouss^ and chased iron-work, engraved lock and 
butt, heads in low relief on trigger-guard and screw-heads. Maker's stamp on the 
barrel — a crowned head. 

Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 

787. Two Pistols, given by Prince Charles to James Edgar, after Culloden. 

Holster flint-lock pistols, walnut stocks, inlaid with silver caps and filagree work, 
silver-mounted, " Chatelerant a Valence " on lock-plate, barrels 1 5 inches long. 

Lent by Captain Anstruther Thomson. 

788. Pair of Pistols belonging to Prince Charles Edward. 

Pair of flint-lock pistols, walnut stocks with chased silver mounting. " Allevin Paris" 
on lock. Maker's stamp on barrel, a gold thistle ; proof mark V beneath a crown. 

Lent by CoL. Macpherson of Cluny. 

789. Pistol given by Prince Charles Edward to Cameron of Lochiel at Paris. 

Flint-lock, Highland pattern, stock of niello work, crest plates with a bundle of 
arrows under unite. Lock by Alex. Campbell. Pricker wanting. 

Lent by D. Cameron, Esq., of Lochiel. 

790. A Pistol presented by Prince Charles Edward to Lieutenant-Colonel Donald 

Macdonell of Lochgarry. 

Flint-lock, Highland pattern, stock of silver niello work, silver plate with crest of a 
pelican in her piety, on the butt. FHnt lock by Walker, Dumbarton. Pricker wanting. 

Lent by ARTHUR Anthony Macdonell, of 
Lochgarry. 



I 



CENTRAL HALL.] Relics. I3I 



791. Pair of very Fine Pistols and other Jacobite relics. 

Lent by James Wolfe Murray, Esq. 

792. A Claymore used at Culloden. 

Basket-hiked back sword, blade 33 in., double grooves, andrea ferara. 

Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

793. Pistol found on Culloden Muir. Lent by Miss Juliet Macdonald of Inver- 

LAIR. 

794. Pistol of Prince Charles Edward. 

Steel stock with heart-shaped lobed butt ; silver mountings; 1723 on silver plate on 
barrel ; R. S. on lock-plate. Lent by W. MURRAY Threipland, Esq. 

795. Sword of Prince Charles Edward, worn by him the whole time he was in 

Scotland. 

Basket-hilted, broad two-edged sword, which belonged to Prince Charles Edward. It 
has the ferara mark on the blade which is 32 inches long and fluted for some 10 inches. 
Tooled leather scabbard with steel mountings. 

Lent by LiEUT. F. G. Innes Lillingston, R.N 

796. A Brace of Pistols given by Prince Charles to Cameron of Lochiel after Culloden. 

Lent by W. S. Charlton, Esq. 

796.* A Brace of Pistols, given by Prince Charles to James Edgar. Small double barrel 
over and under pistols, with engraved silver butts ; one cock broken off each 
pistol ; H. MUET LEJEUNE on barrel. 

These small pistols were worn by Prince Charles Edward at Culloden and during his 
flight after that engagement. Later, while on the Continent, he gave them to his 
father's private secretary, Mr. James Edgar, with whose family they have since re- 
mained. Mr. James Edgar had "been out in the '15," and was accompanied by his 
brother John, who was taken prisoner and died of his wounds in Stirling Castle, while 
James followed the Prince, his namesake, to France, and as his private secretary 
remained with him till his death, in 1764, nearly fifty years. His eldest nephew, John 
Edgar, followed Prince Charles in 1745, escaped with difficulty and joined his uncle 
in Rome, where he was closely attached to Cardinal York, then Prince Henry Benedict : 
he became a Captain in Lord Ogilvie's Scotch regiment in the French service, and 
taking advantage of an amnesty, returned to Scotland. 

Lent by Miss Edgar. 

I 2 



132 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



CENTRAL HALL. 



797. Suit of Tilting Armour of Prince Henry. 

This suit, or rather portions of a suit of tilting armour, the other pieces of it remaining 
at Windsor, is interesting as being seen somewhat differently arranged in No. 73, the 
portrait of Prince Henry. The picture shows that its original appearance was different 
to what is now seen, the surface, except in the ornamented parts, being of a dark blue. 
The ornaments, consisting of a rose, thistle, and fleur-de-lys, occur with the monogram 
PP on all the pieces. The construction of the suit is good, and in many points resembles 
that of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, now in the Tower collection and like the present 
suit now bright. 

The ornamentation of Prince Henry's suit is not as fine as the Leicester one, but the 
gilding has been preserved. There is in the collection of Lord Hothfield, at Appleby 
Castle, a left-hand gauntlet of similar design to the right-hand one of this suit. 
Another right-hand gauntlet of somewhat similar design was also in the Meyrick 
collection, figured in Skelton's work, pi. 78.' The rough play of the tilt yard would 
account for the necessity for more than one gauntlet, and the mainefer seen on the left 
hand of this figure was only for use in mounted exercises. A vamplate for the lance, of 
similar design but stouter material, is in the Tower collection, as also a gorget and the 
upper portion of a grandguard. These two last pieces are, however, unfinished. 

No maker's mark has been found on this suit, but it is supposed to have been the 
work of William Pickering, Master of the London Armourers' Company, 1607-8. See 
Notes, p. 236. Lent by Her Majesty the Queen. 

798. Embroidered Velvet Saddle of Prince Rupert. 

Lent by SiR Henry Halford, Bart, C.B. 

799. Cabinet of Charles L, left by him at Aston Hall before the battle of Edgehill. 

The history of this cabinet refers to the visit of Charles L to Aston Hall, near 
Birmingham, on the evenings of Sunday and Monday, October 16 and 17, 1642, a week 
before the battle of Edgehill, when he was the guest of Sir Thomas Holte, Bart, a 
staunch Royalist. The King was on his way from Shrewsbury to relieve Banbury 
Castle, which was then dangerously besieged. The room where he slept is still called 
"The King's Chamber." Departing on the morrow he left this cabinet and the bowl 
("No. 800), which are lent to the exhibition by the Corporation of Birmingham, 
the present owners of the Hall and its contents. These articles passed by the marriage of 
Miss Holte, heiress of her race, to the Bracebridge family. The late Mr. Charles Holte 
Bracebridge bequeathed them to the Corporation, so that they have again found their 
way to Aston Hall. Lent by The Corporation of Birmingham. 

800. Oriental Bowl, 23 in. in diameter, 9^ in. deep, blue flowers on white ground, left 

by Charles L at Edgehill. Lent by The Corporation of Birmingham. 



i 



CENTRAL HALL. J RelicS. 



801. Inlaid Cabinet of wood set with silver, with monogram of Henrietta Maria in the 

centre. Lent by R. W. Jermyn Rushbrooke, Esq. 

802. Buff Leather Saddle of Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

803. Mary, Queen of Scots' Cabinet, bequeathed, with the lock of hair in Case B 

(No. 313), to Her Majesty the Queen by Robert LordBelhaven and Stenton, with 
a request that it might be preserved either at Holyrood or Windsor Castle. 

Lent by Her Majesty the Queen. 

804. Sword, Dagger, and Ring of James IV. of Scotland, found at Flodden Field. 

Engraved and described, Archaologia, xxxiii. 

Lent by THE College of Arms. 

805. Embroidered Velvet Saddle of Charles I. 

Lent by SiR Henry Halford, Bart, C.B. 

806. Suit of Tilting Armour of Prince Charles (charles l). 

This suit, which is covered with engraving of trophies, &c., executed with acid, and 
some other ornament graven with the tool, is not equal in design or execution to 797. 

From the numerous peculiarities of construction and the slightness of the material, 
it would seem to have been an experimental suit, and as far as can be judged not an 
improvement on the armour of the period. The gauntlets do not belong to this or any 
other suit. Lent by Her Majesty the Queen. 

807. Carved Oak Chair of James I. from his Palace at Theobalds. 

Lent by Gery Milner-Gibson-Cullum, Esq. 

808. Chair, with cushion and footstool, used by Charles I. at his trial. 

Lent by The Cottage Hospital, Moreton-in-the-Marsh. 

809. Needle-Work, presented by George III. to Earl Harcourt, representing Mary, 

Queen of Scots, as Justice suppUcating the Virgin on behalf of James VT. Near 
her, Wisdom and Fortune. Lent by E. V. Harcourt, Esq. 

810. Wooden Leather-Covered Trunk of Charles I., with crown above C. R. in 

brass nails. Lent by R. W. Jermvn Rushbrooke, Esq. 

811. Pedigree Chart of the Royal House of Stuart from the time of Flaad down to 

the present time. 

By W. A. Lindsay, Esq., Portcullis Pursuivant-of-Arms. 



134 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



812. Table with Royal Lion and Initials R. S. and A. B., formerly belonging to Arabella 

Drummond, wife of James I. of Scotland. 

Lent by SiR James Williams Drummond, Bart. 

813. Curtains, worked by Mary, Queen of Scots, at Chartley. 

Lent by Earl Ferrers. 

814. Altar Frontal, which belonged to Mary, Queen of Scots. English work, circ. 

1480-90. Lent by Sir Thomas Buchan-Hepburn, Bart. 

814* Cast of Head of Mary, Queen of Scots, from the monument at Westminster. 

Lent by J. Hosack, Esq. 

815. Tablecloth belonging to Mary Queen of Scots. 

The Queen borrowed some linen on one of her journeys in the house of Pollock, and 
in return'sent some of her own fine linen. This was made at Ypres, in Flanders. The 
cloth bears a representation of the City of Paris, and " Koenigen Frankreich." 

Lent by SiR Thomas Dick-Lauder, Bart. 

816. Bodice of black satin, which belonged to Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by Sir Thomas Buchan-Hepburn, Bart, 

817. Part of a Dress said to have belonged to Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by SiR James H. Williams Drummond, Bart. 

818. Portion of King Charles L's Robe, worn at his Coronation. 

[See Case F.] Lent by The Hon. A. Holland-Hibbert. 

819. Lace Scarf given by James V. to an ancestor of Mrs. Wells-Dymoke. 

Lent by Mrs. Wells-Dymoke. 

820. Flag of Prince Charles Edward, taken at Culloden. 

Lent by SiR Archibald Lamb, Bart. 

821. Standard of the 103RD Regiment used at Prestonpans. 

Given by Prince Charles to Euphemia, wife of the Rev. Mr. Forbes, Musselburgh. 

Lent by William Skinner, Esq. 

822. Silk Banner, used at Prestonpans, Falkirk, and Culloden, carried at the head of 

Gordon of Glenbucket's regiment. 
[See Case R.] Lent by The Rev. A. Meldrum. 



CENTRAL HALL.] RelicS. 1 35 



823. Fragment of Mary, Queen of Scots', Coronation Robe. 

Part of the remnant given to Lady Elizabeth Murray, of Holyrood House, by H.R.H. 
the Duke of Sussex after his marriage with her ladyship's niece, Lady Augusta 
Murray. Lent by H. G. Reid, Esq. 

[See Case C] 

824. Piece of Mary, Queen of Scots', Curtain. 

Lent by The Dowager Marchioness of 
Huntly. 

825. Two Curtains, a Counterpane, and a Valence, worked on a green velvet 

ground by Mary, Queen of Scots, and the Countess of Shrewsbury. 

Such being the case, these articles must have been executed at Tutbury Castle and South 
Winfield Manor House, while the Scottish Queen was in charge of George, Sixth Earl 
of Shrewsbury, Earl Marshal of England, and his second wife, Elizabeth, called " Bess 
of Hardwick," widow of Robert Barley of Barley ; of Sir William Cavendish of Chats- 
worth, Treasurer of the Chamber to Henry VIIL ; and of Sir W. St. Lo, Captain of the 
Guard to Queen Elizabeth. The Earl was her fourth husband, and, dying in 1607, she 
survived him seventeen years. The Countess was " a woman of masculine under- 
standing and conduct ; proud, furious, selfish, and unfeeling. She was a builder, a 
buyer and seller of estates, a money-lender, a farmer, and a merchant of lead, coals, 
and timber." Mary was given in custody to the Earl, and he treated her with " such 
care and concern " that the captive declared she was safe nowhere else, and was almost 
content to be in his charge. 

Respecting Mary's occupations at Tutbury, while she was in charge of the Earl and 
Countess of Shrewsbury, Nicholas White, afterwards Knight, and Master of the Rolls in 
Ireland, thus described her reply to his enquiries when he visited her there in 1569. " I 
asked her Grace, since the weather did cut off all exercises rbroad, how she passed the 
time within. She said that all the day she wrought with her needle, and that the 
diversity of the labours made the work seem less tedious, and continued so long at it till 
very pain did make her to give it over ; and with that laid her hand upon her left side 
and complained of an old grief newly increased there." This was the disorder which in- 
duced Mary to take the waters at Buxton. Besides the " Queen's Maries," Fleming, Beton, 
Livingston, and Seton, there were attached to the Queen's train an embroiderer and a 
tapestry maker. This was in 1562. Various pieces of embroidery, said to be the works of 
Mary, are in the possession of Mr. D. Scott-Moncrieff, Mr. C. C. Maxwell, the Dowager- 
Marchioness of Huntly, &c. ; some of them are here. 

Lent by Sir Henry Paston Bedingfeld, Bart 

825.* Carved Oak Cradle of Mary, Queen of Scots, from Linlithgow Palace. 

Lent by Waller H. Paton, Esq. 

826. Frame of Beadwork, representing Charles IL and Catherine of Braganza, the 

latter wearing the quaint costume in which she arrived from Portugal. 
[See Balcony.] Lent by F. G. STEPHENS, ESQ. 

826.* Carved Oak Chair, formerly in Scone Palace. 

Lent by The Earl of Crawford. 



136 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



THE BALCONY. 

' ENGRAVED PORTRAITS, MINIATURES, &c. 

twenty-eight engravings, lent by alfred morrison, esq. 

827. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Full length standing, directed towards front, head in profile to left. Holding a 
medal in the left hand and in the right a glove. In the top left corner, her arms as 
Princess of Scotland. Below to the left, " F.H."; to the right, " Hans Liefrinck excud." 
By Frans Hogenberg. 

828. Mary, Queen of Scots, and Henry, Lord Darnley. 

Full length standing and facing to front. Darnley to the left, in a rich cos- 
tume, wearing the collar and insignia of the Order of St. Michael. The right hand 
holds the tip of a short baton supported on the hip. The Queen to the right, richly 
attired and wearing the large veil of the period. " The most illustrious Prince Henry, 
Lord Darnley, King of Scotland, father to our Sovereigne Lord King James. He died 
at the age of 21, 1567. The most excellent Princesse Marie, Queen of Scotland, mother 
to our Soveraigne lord King James. She died 1586, and intombed at Westminster." 
" Are to be soulde in Pope's Head Alley at the White Horse, by John Sudbury and 
George Humble." 

By R. Elstracke. 

829. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Bust in an oval in widow's dress, with a legend — " Marie Stewart, Reine de France 
at d'Ecosse," and French verses in the margin. First state of the plate. 
By Thomas de Leu. 

830. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Bust in an oval surrounded in the upper part by allegorical figures and in the lower 
part by two scenes of her execution. On a tablet below the portrait there are Latin 
verses signed ' G[eorgius] Cr[ittonius] Scotus.' 
By HiERONIMUS WiERIX. 



THE BALCONY.] Efigraved Portraits. 137 



831; James I. and VI., as King of Scotland. 

Bust in an oval. Represented as a boy, in a jewelled cap and feather and with a large 
frill. Legend round the oval: "Jacobus Stevartus VL D. G. Scotorum Rex"- — "Jo. 
Rabel excudebat." 

832. James I. and VI., as King of Scotland. 

Half length in an oval, full face in armour, with Latin legend, motto and verses. 
Engraved 1598 by Crispin van de Passe. 

833. James I. and VI. and his Queen, Anne of Denmark. 

Whole lengths, standing side by side, in a landscape and facing to front. "Jacobus 
et Anna, Rex et Regina Angliae Franciae, Scotiae, et Hiberniae." 
By JOHAN WiERIX. 

834. James I. and VI. and his Queen. 

Whole lengths standing side by side, nearly full-face. The King to the left in a rich 
costume, wearing the George and the Garter ; the (lueen to the right in an elaborate dress, 
holding a book in the right hand and in the left a large feather fan. Above the right of 
each, their arms. The legend in English in the lower margin. 

By R. Elstracke. 

835. Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales. 

Half length in oval, in a peer's robes with the collar and ribbon of the Garter. 
Legend round the oval : " lllustrissimus Generosissimusq. Henricus W^illiae Princeps 
Dux Cornub. Ebor. etc." In a cartouche below the oval six lines of English verse. 
By Francis Delaram. 

836. Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales. 

Whole length, exercising with a pike. The background represents a tilt-yard. 
Engraved in 1612 by SiMON VAN de Passe. 

837. Frederick and Elizabeth of Bohemia. 

Whole lengths standing side by side, nearly full-face. First state of the plate: as 
Prince and Princess. Second state : as King and Queen of Bohemia with extra 
work added to the faces to make them look older, the hats replaced by royal crowns and 
the arms of Bavaria by those of Bohemia. The inscription also is suitably altered. 

837.* P^rederick and Elizabeth of Bohemia. 

Same as No. 837. Second state. 



138 Exhibition of the Royal House of Sttmrt. 



838. Charles I. King of England, as Duke of York and Albany. 

Bust in an oval, with large lace collar. Latin inscription running round the oval, and 
four lines of Latin verse in the margin below. 

By Crispin van de Passe the younger. 

839. Charles I. as Prince of Wales. 

Half length in an oval with English legend, and four lines of verse in the margin. 
By Francis Delaram. 

840. Charles I. 

Bust in armour in an oval, with the George suspended from a chain. First state. 
By W, Faithorne. 

841. Charles I. 

On horseback directed to front, attended by a page who carries the King's helmet. 
Cavalry engaged in the background. This is the third state of the plate. In the first 
state, of which no impression is known, the scarf worn by the king descended from the 
left shoulder, as can be clearly seen from the traces of the work which still appear in the 
impression here. In the second state, the head of the King was replaced by that of 
Cromwell, the scarf was put round the waist and a new inscription was introduced to suit 
these alterations. After the Restoration the plate was re-worked to the condition of the 
impression here seen. 

After A. Van Dyck, by P. Lombart. 

842. Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I. 

Half length in an oval. In low dress with pearl necklace and jewels. English legend 
in the margin. 

By W. Faithorne. 

843. Henrietta Maria. 

Half length in an oval In widow's dress. No inscription, the royal arms in the 
margin. 

By W. Faithorne. 

844. Charles H. King of England, as Prince of Wales. 

Half length in an oval. In armour, wearing the insignia of the Garter. English 
legend in the margin. First state. 

After William Dobson, by W. Faithorne. 



THE BALCONY.] E7ig7'-aved Portraits. 139 



845. Charles II. 

Bust, looking to front, slightly turned towards the left. Mantle and ribbon of the 
Garter. Latin legend in the margin. 

After Van Hoeck, by Wenzel Hollar. 

846. Charles II. 

Bust in an oval. In armour, wearing the insignia of the Garter. On a streamer, 
pinned above the oval, " Dieu et mon droit," and in the margin below — 

" The second Charles, Heire of y*" Royall Martyr, 
Who for Religion and his subiects Charter, 
Spent the best Blood, y' uniust Sword ere dy'de, 
Since the rude souldier pierc'd our Saviour's side : 
Who such a Father had'st ; and such a son ; 
Redeeme thy people, and assume thy owne." — I. O. 

First state of the plate. This impression is reputed the finest known. 
By W. Faithorne. 

847. Cpl\rles II. 

Bird's-eye view of Boscobel Wood, with Boscobel House and White Ladies ; with a 
key and e.xplanation. 

By Wenzel Hollar. 

848. The Reception of Charles II. by the States-General at The 

Hague, on the 25th of May, 1660, on the occasion of his Restoration. 
After Torenvliet, by Dirk Matham. 

849. The Banquet given at the Hague by the States-General in honour 

of Charles II. 

After Torenvliet, by P. Philippe. 

850. Charles II. taking leave of the States-General on the 

1st of June, 1660, the eve of his departure for England. 
After Torenvliet, by Dirk Matham. 

851. Charles II. Sailing from Scheveningen for England on 

the 2nd of June, 1660. 

After Adriaen van de Venne, by P. Philippe. 



140 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stjiart. 



852. Catherine of Braganza, Queen of Charles II. 

Three-quarters length, standing, in the Portuguese dress which she wore on her arrival 
in England as a bride. Latin inscription in the margin. 

By W. Faithorne. 

853. Elizabeth Charlotte of Bavaria, Duchess of Orleans. 

Life size, half length in an oval formed by a wreath of oak and laurel leaves ; full 
face, with a pearl necklace, low dress covered with jewels and pearls. 

By Pierre Simon, 

854. Elizabeth Charlotte of Bavaria, Duchess of Orleans. 

Three-quarters length, seated, right hand resting on a crown, ermine mantle with 
fleurs-de-Iys. 

After Hyacinthe Rigaud, by Marie Horthemels. 



855. A Contemporary Engraving by Cochin fils, of the picture 
by Panini, representing a Fete in the Piazza Navona, Rome, given 
by the French Ambassador to celebrate the birth of the son of 
Louis XV. 

A group in the middle distance represents Prince James and his sons ^ Charles 
Edward and Henry, with the ambassador in attendance ; chaplain and footmen. 

Lent by The National Gallery of Ireland. 

856. James, Earl of Derwentwater. 

Engraved by George Vertue. 
James Radchffe, third and last Earl of Derwentwater, was son of Mary Tudor, 
natural daughter of Charles II. by the lovely and accomplished actress Mary Davis. 
It was his misfortune that by the ties of religion, acquaintance, and his near relationship 
to the exiled Royal family, he was drawn into rebellion, and there is little doubt that a 
fear lest his personal attachment to the Stuarts would again inevitably lead him to 
espouse their cause, together with the danger the Government feared from his vast wealth 
and territorial influence, made him a special object of punishment. This was carried 
even beyond justice in the case of his relations. More than one Act of Parliament was 
passed in order that the family fortune might 'be reduced. 

Lent by Harry Thornber, Esq. 

857. Original Print, framed, of Boscobel House. 

Lent by V. F. Benett-Stanford, Esq. 



THE BALCONY. J Engraved Portraits. 14T 

858. Portrait of Flora Macdonald. 

Mezzotint after J. Markluin. 

As long as the tale of " the '45 " continues to be told, the name of Flora Macdonald 
will, as Dr. Johnson said, " if courage and fidelity are virtues," be mentioned with 
honour. She and her relations were no friends of the Stuarts, but when in his dire distress it 
fell to her lot to be able to succour and save the hunted Prince, with a devotion and fear- 
less courage she accomplished her object. She was arrested and sent to London, but after 
a short imprisonment in the Tower was released on parole, and eventually pardoned in 
1747. She became the wife of Alexander Macdonald, and, after a long and eventful 
life in America, died at her Highland home at Kingsburgh, March 5th, 1790. 

Lent by Harry Thornber, Esq. 

859. Flora Macdonald. 

Lent by GENERAL Macdonald. 

860. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viil] 

Lent by Vicary Gibbs, Esq. 

861. Lying in State of James III. at Rome, 1766. 

J. B. Marchetti, del. Lent by Harry Thornber, Esq. 

862. Miss Jenny Cameron of Lociiiel. 

Mezzotint by Johnson, after Le Clare. 

" If to her share some female errors fall. 
Look on her face, and you'll forget them all." 

Lent by Harry Thornber, Esq. 

862.* Henry, Prince of Wales. 

By Crispin van de Passe. 

863. John, Earl of Mar. Mezzotint by J. Smith, after Sir G. Kneller. 

John Erskine, the eleventh Earl of Mar, was a man of true nobility of character, who 
served under Queen Anne with the highest honour. George on his accession repelled 
Mar's offer of adhesion, on which he took the part of the exiled Stuart. Gathering his 
friends together he persuaded them to proclaim James III.,andfor a time, chiefly with the 
help of the Highlanders, held Scotland. But he was no soldier, and he was out- 
gcneralled, and eventually obliged to leave the country. Sailing with his Royal INIastcr from 
Scotland, he reached France in safety, and spent the remainder of his life an exile. 

Lent by Harry Thornber, Esq. 



142 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



864. A Perspective View of Tower Hill on August i8th, 1746.— 

J. M., del. et sculp. 

Lent by Harry Thornber, Esq. 

865. Prince Charles Edward Disguised as a Woman. Mezzotint 

with the following verses : — 

Routed o'er hills the young adventurer flies, 
And in a cottage sinks to this disguise. 
Fled his gay hopes, defeated his fond scheme, 
His throne is vanish'd like a golden dream. 
By manly thoughts he'd charm his woes to rest : 
In vain ! Culloden still distracts his breast. 

By J. Williams. Lent by Harry Thornber, Esq. 

866. Drawing of Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

p. R. S. 1750. Lent by Archibald Hamilton Dunbar, Esq. 

867. Drawing of Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by Archibald Hamilton Dunbar, Esq. 

868. Drawing from Life of Charles II. 

By Sir P. Lely. Lent by J. Prior, Esq. 

869. Prince Charles Edward disguised as a woman. Same as No. 865. 

Lent by Major-General H. F. Davies. 

870. Portrait of the Princess Clementina. 

Lent by Major-General H. F. Davies. 

871. The Burial Place of James I. and VI. at Westminster. 

By George Scharf, Esq., C.B. 

Interior of vault beneath the Monument of Henry VII. and his Queen in Westminster 
Abbey, when opened on nth February, 1869. We are looking east and viewing the remains 
cased in lead, of James 1., Henry Vll., and Elizabeth of York, deposited in the year 1625. 
Drawn at the moment of discoveiy by Mr. George Scharf, C.B. 

The largest body on our left is that of James I. The middle one, marked with a 
Maltese Cross, is that of Elizabeth of York. The body to the south is that of Henry VII. 
The space around the remains of James was originally occupied by a wooden coffin, which 
has crumbled to pieces, and many fragments of it strew the ground. When the coffin 



THE BALCONY.] Engraved Portraits. 143 



of James was introduced, the remains of Henry and his Queen were displaced and 
pushed against the south wall, their shoulders being made to overlap. The names of 
. both Kings are engraved upon metal plates attached to their leaden coverings. See 
Stanley's Historical Memorials of Westminster Abbey, 1869, p. 681, 

Lent by GEORGE Scharf, ESQ., C.B. 

872. Three Portraits: William, Viscount Kenmure ; Richard 

Gascoigne ; and John Bruce. 

Viscount Kenmure, at the instigation of the Earl of Mar, had joined the Jacobite forces, 
and was appointed by him to an important command. On the surrender of Preston he 
was carried prisoner to London, tried, condemned, and executed on Tower Hill, February 
24th, 17 16. Richard Gascoigne, taken at Preston, was a Catholic gentleman of good family, 
whose ancestors had served on the Royalist side during the troublous times. He found no 
mercy, and was executed at Tyburn in the usual horrible manner. Captain John Bruce, 
also taken at Preston, a Scottish Episcopalian, suffered at Lancaster, October 2nd, 1716. 

Lent by Albert Nicholson, Esq. 

873. Engraved Portraits of the Earl of Kilmarnock, and Simon, 

Lord Lovat. 

Lent by Albert Nicholson, Esq. 

874. Charles I., with Page and Horse. Proof-line engraving. 

By Sir R. Strange, after Van Dyck. Lent by Henry H. Gibbs, Esq. 

875. Princess Clementina Sobieska. 

Lent by Vicary Gibbs, Esq. 

376. Colonel Henry Oxburgh and James, Earl of DER^vENT- 

WATER — Engravings. 

The gallant Colonel Oxburgh was a Roman Catholic officer of good family, who was 
taken prisoner at Preston. Under pretence of a tour in search of the beautiful in art and 
nature, he had during the early part of the year 17 15 been stirring up the Jacobite party 
in many counties, and making all arrangements for the rising which took place. It is 
curious that his life was not spared on account of his honourable conduct of the negotia- 
tions for the surrender of the town, and his general character. His ill-fortune was caused, 
there is little doubt, by the escape of so many of his fellow-prisoners, and the necessity 
the Government felt of making an example of some one. 

Lent by Albert Nicholson, Esq. 

877. Miss Jenny Cameron and Philip Lockhart, engraved portraits. 

Lent by Albert Nicholson, Esq. 



144 Exhibition of the Royal House of Sttiarf. 

BIB. FORTY- ONE MINIATURES LENT BY THE 

HON. R. BAILLIE-HAMILTON. 

COPIES BY J. S. HARVEY, CHIEFLY OF PICTURES IN THE ROYAL COLLECTION. 

I. Robert Bruce. 

David II. 

Robert II. From a portrait revived by George Jameson. 

EuPHEMiA Ross, Queen of Robert II. 

Robert III. 



Annabella Drummond, Queen of Robert III. 
After G. Jameson. 



7. James I. of Scotland. 

8. Jane Beaufort, Queen of James I. of Scotland. Taken from 

an old limning formerly used as a decoration for her tomb. 

9. James II. of Scotland. 

After G. Jameson's restored picture. 

10. Mary of Gueldres, Queen of James II. of Scotland. From 

an original limning. 

11. James III. Taken from a very curious limning. 

12. Margaret of Denmark, Queen of James III. of Scotland. 

Taken from an ancient limning. 

13. Alexander, Duke of Albany. 

14. James IV. of Scotland. From an original limning formerl}- in the 

collection of Charles I. 



THE BALCONY.] Engraved Portraits. .145 



15. Margaret Tudor, Queen of James IV. 

After H. Holbein (?). 

16. James V. 

After H. Holbein (?). 

17. Mary of Lorraine, from the portrait in the Duke of Devonshire's 

Collection. 

18. Francis II. of France. 

After J. Janet. 

19. Mary, Queen of Scots. 

After J. Janet. 

20. Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. 

21. James VI. of Scotland an'd I. of England. 

After P. Van Somer. 

22. Anne of Denmark, Queen of James I. and VI. 

After P. Van somer. 

23. Henry, Prince of Wales. 

After D. Mytens. 

24. Charles I. 

After Sir A. Van Dyck. 

25. Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I. 

After Sir A. Van Dyck. 

26. Frederick V., Count Palatine and King of BoHl:^^A. 

After C. Jonson van Ceulen. 

K 



146 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



27. Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia. 

After C. JONSON VAN Ceulen. 

28. Charles II. 

After W. WiSSING. 

29. Catherine of Braganza. 

After Sir P. Lely. 

30. James II. and YII. 

After Sir P. Lely. 

31. Anne Hyde, Duchess of York. 

32. Mary of Modena. 

After Sir G, Kneller. 

33. William III. 

After W. WissiNG. 

34. Mary II., Queen of William III. 

After W. WissiNG. 

35. Queen Anne. Taken from a large enamel, formerly the property 

of Queen Charlotte. 

36. Prince George of Denmark. 

Ij. Prince James Francis Edward (ja:mes hi. and viii.) 

38. Princess Clementina Sobieska. 

39. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

By Sir Robert Strange. 

40. Princess Louisa of Stolberg, Countess of Albany. 

41. Prince Henry Benedict, Cardinal York (henry ix.) 



THE BALCONY.] Eiigraved Portraits. 147 

878.* F"an Framed as a Picture, originally mounted in gold with 
jewels. Given by Princess Anne (Queen) to her god-daughter 
Sarah Robinson. Lent by Mrs. Harvey, of Ickwell-Bury. 

879. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by CouNTESS IsAiiEL Curtis Cholmelev. 

880. Princess Clementina. Lent by countess Isabel Curtis Cholimelev. 

881. Princess Clementina. Lent by general macdonald. 

882. Mary of Modena. Coloured drawing. 

By Sir p. Lely. Lent by George Musgrave, ESq. 

883. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and yih.]. 

Lent by General Macdonald. 

884. Charles I. Lent by F. t. read, Esq. 

885. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by S. Bkll, ESQ. 

886. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and yhl] 

Lent by F. T. Read, Esq. 

887. Prince Charles Edward [charles hl]. Pen and Ink Drawing. 

Lent by Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Albany. 

888. Le Prince de Gallks et la Princesse sa Soeur (james hi. 

and VIII., AND HIS SISTER LOUISA), as children. See No. 207. 

I. Smith, fecit. Lent by Vicary Gibbs, Esq. 

N. de Largilliere, pin.Kt. 

889. Henrietta Maria, with Children and Dogs. 

I'.y Sir R. Strange, after Van Dyck. Lent by Henry H. Gibbs, Esq. 

K 2 



148 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stttai^t. 



890. Charles, Prince of Wales, and James, Duke of York, and 

Princess Mary, as children. Line engraving. 

By Sir R. Strange, after Van Dyck. Lent by Vicary Gibes, Esq. 

891. Charles I., Henrietta Maria, and Children. Line engraving. 

Jean Massard, 1784. Lent by Vicary Gibes, Esq. 

892. Carolus Walli^ Princeps. Prince Charles Edward in armour. 

By J. G. WiLLE, 1748, after L. JocQUE. Lent by Vicary Gibes, Esq. 

893. " The Lady Kilmarnock and Lady Balmerino's Sorrowful 

La:\ientation for the Death of their Lords, who were 
Beheaded for High Treason on Tower Hill, on Monday, 
August i8th, 1746." 

Lent by Harry Thornber, Esq. 

894. " Execution of Rebel Lords on Tower Hill, with Por- 

traits OF Lords Balmerino, Lovat, Kilmarnock, and 
Cromartie." 

Arthur Elphinstone, Lord Balmerino, was born in 1688 ; was in the ranks of James 
III. in 1715 ; escaped to France; served with distinction in the French army ; was 
pardoned through the intercession of his father in 1734 ; but w^hen the " Young 
Chevaher " landed, he at once joined him, and though an old man, by his ability, 
military skill and great personal courage, contributed in no small degree to the successes 
of the campaign. Taken prisoner after CuUoden, he was brought to trial with the other 
rebel Lords, and being condemned was executed on the same day as Lord Kilmarnock. 

George Mackenzie, Earl of Cromartie, was one of the first to join the standard of 
Prince Charles Edward at the head of 400 of his clansmen, whose hardships and 
triumphs alike he shared, leading them in battle with marvellous gallantry. He was 
taken prisoner the day laefore the battle of Culloden, sent to London, tried and 
condemned to death. The earnest entreaties of his beautiful Countess addressed to the 
King and the Prince of Wales, together with the good offices of many of the Scottish 
nobility, procured his reprieve and at length a pardon. 

Lent by Harry Thornber, Esq. 

895. Flora Macdonald. Tinted engraving. 

Lent by Miss M. E. Mackenzie. 



i 



THE BALCONY.] Engraved Portraits. 149 

896. A True Representation of Tower Hill as it appeared 
ON August i8th, 1746— G. Budd, Pinx ; P. C. Canot, Sculp. 

Lent by Harry Thornber, Esq. 

897. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. Pencil sketch by 

Largilliere. 

Lent by Walter Tomlinson, Esq. 

898. Funeral Procession of James III.— J. B. Marchetti, Del. 

Lent by Harry Thornber, Esq. 

899. Four Sketches of Lord Lovat ; Trial and Portrait of 

Lord Lovat— Engravings after Hogarth. 

Lent by Harry Thornber. 

900. Frame of Miniatures, 

\_See Case D, West Gallery.] Lent by The Duke of Buccleuch. 

1. James I. and VI., oval, in \vhite dress, black hat, and white feathers ; 

red background. 

By HiLLIARD. 

2. Henry, Prince of Wales. From Charles I.'s Collection. Vertue's 

Catalogue of the Royal Collection described it as follows : 

"No. 18. Item: Upon a dark russet ground, whereupon painted 
with a pike upon an oval card the picture of Prince Henry, side- 
faced, with naked neck, and a red scarf, after the old Roman 
fashion ; length 2 inches, breadth i| inches. 

" This was lately seen in the possession of a curious person." 

By I. Oliver. 



150 Exhibition 0/ the Royal House of Stuart. 



3. Charles I., oval, in a white dress, with gilding. Sky background. 

By J. HCSKINS, JUNR. 

4. Henrietta Maria, in a blue dress, with an angel's head in gold on 

her sleeve. 

5. Henrietta Maria, oval, in a pale yellow dress, face three-quarters to 

the left. 

6. Elizabeth of Bohemia, in oil, in an oval carved ivory frame. 

7. Princess Mary of Orange, oval, in a pink dress and a white and 

gold scarf 

By HosKiNS. 

8. James H. and VH., oval, face three-quarters to right, in armour, and a 

large fair wig, signed and dated. 
By S. Cooper. 

9. Charles H., square, in indian ink. 

By D. Paton (after COOPER), 1699. 

10. Charles I., set in a gold mourning ring. 

11. Mary, Queen of Scots, and Henry, Lord Darnley, on an onyx 

cameo. 

By Valerio Vincentino. 

12. Arabella Stuart, oval, blue background; she died in the Tower of 

London, 161 5. 
By I. Oliver. 

13. Charles H., as a boy, oval within a square. 



THE BALCONY.] Engraved Portraits. 151 

14. James II. and VII., enamel. 

By DE Keysar. 

15. James II. and VII., enamel, in filagree frame, 

16. Mary of Modena, oval, in a blue dress. 

17. Henry, Duke of Gloucester. 

18. Catherine of Braganza, oval, in a blue dress, as St. Catherine. 

19. Charles II., oval, in oil. 

20. Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans, sister of Charles II., part of a 

pendant in filagree frame set with stones and chain. 

21. Catherine of Braganza, oval, in oil, with hair in curls on each 

side. 

22. Mary II., daughter of James II. 

23. Princess Mary, third daughter of James I., born 1605, died 1607. 

Oval, with round top ; as a child full length, seated. 
By Milliard. 

24. James II. and VII. as Duke of York. 

25. ThOxMAS Wentworth, Earl of Strafford. 

26. Princess Louisa, daughter ofJam.es II. 



152 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 

27. James Graham, Marquess of Montrose, executed 1650. Oval, 

in armour and black skull cap. 
By S. Cooper. 

28. Archbishop Laud. In a frame set with garnets. 

29. Prince Rupert. Oval, three-quarters to the right, in a square block 

frame. 

By S. Cooper. 

30. Charles, Duke of Richmond and Lenox. The last of the old 

line. Signed and dated 1654. Small, round, in filigree frame. 
By S. Cooper. 

901. Frame OF Miniatures. 

[Case D.] Lent by The Duke of Buccleuch. 

31. Queen Anne. Enamel, oval. 

By Zincke. 

32. William III. Square. In armour. 

33. Queen Anne. Enamel. 

By BoiT. 

34. James II. and VII. Large oval. In armour, with white lace and 

crimson cravat. 
By Artaud. 

35. Prince James Francis Edward (james iil and viii.) as a child. 

Oval, three-quarters to left. Red sleeves, and sky background. 



THE BALCONY.] Eng7'aved Portraits. 153 

36. Portrait of a Lady (Queen Anne ?). Enamel. 

By ZiNCKE. 

37. Prince James Francis Ed\yard (james hi. and viii.). In oil, 

oval, in armour. 
By Largilliisre. 

38. Prince Charles Edward and Prince Henry as boys. Long 

square frame. Busts side by side. The Cardinal York is in profile 
to the right. 

39. Catherine of Braganza. In a crystal heart-shaped, as St. 

Catherine. 

40. Prince Charles Edward (charles iil). Long square, in armour, 

sky back-ground. 

41. Prince James Francis Edward (james iil and viii.) when a boy 

of 13. 

On the back is written : " This picture of James, Prince of Wales, afterwards King 
James the Eighth, belonged to the celebrated Robertson of Strowan. Le Prince de Gal 
peint au mois de May, 1701.'' 

42. Prince James Francis Edward (james hi. and viii.), circular, as 

a child clasping a deer round the neck. 

43. Prince Charles Edward (charles iil). Oval, as a boy, in armour, 

looking over his right shoulder. 

44. Princess Clementina Sobieska. Oval. 

45. Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York (henry ix.). 



154 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



46. Prince James Francis Edward (james hi. and viil). Oval, in 

armour. 

By Sir Robert Strange. 

47. Prince James Francis Edward (james hi. and viil), enamel. 

902. Plan of the Campaign of 1745. 

Lent by Lord Braye. 

903. Map of the Wanderings of Prince Charles Edward after 

Culloden. 

Lent by Captain Anstruther Thomson. 

904. Plan of the Battle of Glenshiel. 

Lent by Major Stuart Mackenzie of Sea- 
forth. 

905. Two Paintings on Vellum, representing the pageant and pro- 

cessions given in honour of Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia, as a 

bride. 

Lent by MRS. BoySE. 

905a. Portrait of Henrietta Maria. 

By Maria Beale. Lent by Lord Arundel of Wardo'ur. 

905b. Prince Frederick Henry, eldest son of Frederick and Elizabeth 
of Bohemia. Age 15. Engraved from a picture by Miereveldt 
{^See No. 116) by Willem Delff. 

Lent by His HONOUR JUDGE Snagge. 

906C. Three Engravings ' representing the Apotheosis of 
James 1 1. From the painting on the ceiling at Whitehall by Rubens. 
By Simon Gribelin. 



THE BALCONY.] Manuscripts and A^dographs. 155 



MANUSCRIPTS AND AUTOGRAPHS. 

(IN THE BALCONY.) 

■906. Safe Conduct from Mary, Queen of Scots, and Henry, Lord Darnley, to 
James, Duke of Chatelherault to travel abroad for his health. Dated Edinburgh, 
30th Jan. 1565. Autograph signatures, and seal. 

Lent by The Duke of Hamilton, K.T. 

907. Letter from Charles L to Sir Rowland Egerton, desiring a loan of ^2,000. 

Dated Oxford, 8th Feb. 1642. Autograph superscription. 

Lent by Sir PHILIP Grey Egerton, Bart. 

908. Holograph Letter of Charles L to Prince Rupert congratulating him on his 

victory at Cirencester. Dated Oxford, 3rd Feb. 1642. Found at Pyt House, 1876. 
Framed with an engraving of the Vandyke threefold portrait of the King. 

Lent by V. F. Benett Stanford, Esq. 

909. Holograph Letter from Charles L to Prince Rupert, concerning the fortifying 

of Towcester and stating that the Prince was misinformed about a proposed 
peace. Dated Oxford, 12th Nov. 1643. Found at Pyt House, 1S76. 

Lent by V. F. Benett Stanford, Esq. 

910. Holograph Letter from Charles L to Prince Rupert with "a proposition 

concerning Lancashire." Dated Oxford, 4th Nov. 1643. Found at Pyt House, 1876. 

Lent by V. F. Benett Stanford, Esq. 

911. Holograph Letter from Charles L to Prince Rupert, respecting his command 

in Shropshire and Cheshire, and other matters. Dated 12th Mar. 1643. Found 
at Pyt House, 1876. Framed with an engraved portrait of the king. 

Lent by V. B. Benett Stanford, Esq. 

912. Holograph Letter from Charles L to Prince Rupert, requiring immediate 

assistance for the Royal Army at Oxford. Dated Oxford, 21st April, 1644. Found 

at Pyt House, 1876. 

Lent by V. F. Benett-Stanford, Esq. 



156 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



913. Holograph Letter from Charles II. to Prince Rupert, representing his want of 

money. Dated Paris, i8th December, 1653. Found at Pyt House, 1876. Framed 

with two portraits of the king. 

Lent by V. F. Benett Stanford, Esq. 

914. Letter from Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX.) 

Dated Frascati, 4tb February, 1789. 

Lent by The Rev. F. G. Lee. 

CASES S TO X. 

915. Letter from the Oueen-Dowager, Mary of Lorraine, to the Laird of 

Rowallan, summoning him, his tenants, and friends, to join the army at Duns 
and Langtown on the nth of June following, for the defence of the country 
against "our auld innemies of England." At Edinburgh, 28th May, 1558. j 

Lent by Lord Donington. 

916. Letter from the Oueen-Dowager, Mary of Lorraine, to the " Laird of Rowal- 

lane," requiring his service in arms against "certain rebelliaris aganis the 
soueraine authoritie." Dated at Edinburgh, 7th February, 1559. 

Lent by Lord Donington, 

917. Letter from Mary, Queen of Scots, and Darnley, to the Laird of Rowallan, 

requiring his presence in arms at Stirling on the last day of September, to assist 
their Majesties against their rebellious subjects. Dated at Dundee, 14th 
September, 1565. 

Lent by LORD DONINGTON. 

918. Letter from Mary, Queen of Scots, to the Laird of Rowallan, thanking him for 

his goodwill and constancy for the advancement of her interests, and praying 
him to continue therein. Her Majesty informs him that she is " mervellous wiell 
traited with sic fredome in hunting and all other pagtymes as we list," and that 
she expects a satisfactory settlement of her affairs, promising to send further word 
when Lord Herries should return from the English Court. Dated at Carlisle, 
the loth June, 1568. 

Lent by LORD Donington. 



THE BALCONY.] Maiiuscripts and AtUographs. 157 

919. Letter from Mary, Queen of Scots, to the Laird of Rowallan, mentioning with 

thanks his " good mind " and service to her, as she had been fully informed of 
the same by Lord Boyd and hoping to remember these services shortly by her own 
presence. She informs him of the advantageous result of the conference at York 
between her Commissioners and those of the Queen of England, and that the 
latter had requested her to send some of her Lords to her, and that she had sent 
the Bishop of Ross, Lord Herries, and the Abbot of Kilwinning. She promises to 
send word to him of the result. Dated off Bowtoun, 23rd October, 1568. 

Lent by Lord Donington. 

920. Letter from Mary, Queen of Scots, to the Laird of Rowallan, instructing him how 

to conduct himself towards the Earl of Moray, and not to be afraid of him, and 
promising to send the " Lard of Garth'' with other particulars, &c. Dated "off 
Retrem," 30th January, 1568. 

Lent by Lord Donington. 

921. Letter from Mary, Queen of Scots, to the Laird of Rowallan, thanking him 

for faithful service and constancy, and assuring him that when she shall be 
restored to her own he shall find that his services are " weill bestowit." Informs 
him of her good health and welfare, and that Lord Fleming, who had come from 
London, and was now in Scotland, would give him all the news. Dated at 
" Carliell," the 7th July, 1568. In a postscript she mentions that Lord Herries had 
written informing her that the Queen of England had written to the Earl of 
Murray, forbidding him to use any further extremity against the Laird of 
Rowallan and other favourers of the Queen. 

Lent by Lord Donington. 

922. Letter from Mary, Queen of Scots, to the Laird of Rowallan, mentioning that 

the Queen of England had granted a passport to her (Queen Mary's) servant to 
"go into Scotland and return, and expressing a hope that the Queen of England 
would be moved to restore her to her kingdom and authority, both on account 
of her own " sincere dealing," and of the request of the kings of France and 
Spain. She concludes by exhorting him to patience. Dated at Tutbury, 22nd 
January, 1569. Lent by Lord Donington. 

923. Letter from Mary, Queen of Scots, to the Laird of Rowallan, informing him 

that she had the day before despatched Lord Boyd to the Queen of England, 



158 Exhibition of the Royal House of SiuarL 



and that when he returned to Scotland he would bring tidings to the Laird. 
For this reason she excuses herself from entering more into detail, praying him 
to abide faithful, notwithstanding whatever " braging our rebellis ustowartis you," 
which should shortly redound to his honour and profit. Dated at Wingdhfeild,. 
1 8th May, 1569. 

Lent by LORD Donington. 

924. Letter from Mary, Queen of Scots, to the Laird of Rowallan, informing him that 

she is daily certified by letters from the Bishop of Ross, and other Commissioners in 
England, of the progress of the conference, and that she hopes to be soon among 
her adherents in Scotland, and to acknowledge their faithful services. She 
assures Rowallan of her confidence, etc. Dated at Sheffield, 13th March, 1570. 

Lent by Lord Donington. 

925. Letter from Mary, Queen of Scots, to the Laird of Smytoun. She looks for 

an answer shortly from the Queen of England, as to help against her enemies. 
" We have in the meantime gotten by chance some wrytings of our enemies quhilk 
discovers mony things." Dated Carlisle, 25th June, 1568. 

Lent by Sir Thomas Buchan Hepburn, Bart. 

926. Letter from Mary, Queen of Scots, to her grandmother, the Duchesse de Guise. 

As she is sure that her uncle the Cardinal de Guise will have told her correspondent 

all that concerns the writer, she does not write a long letter, but only wishes her 

good health, a long and happy life, and thanks her for the beautiful necklaces 

she has received. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

927. Letter from Mary, Queen of Scots, to the King of Spain, dated July nth, 1368. 

She will not trouble him with her misfortunes, which she has fully detailed to his. 

ambassador. She will only tell him that after having suffered all the abuses, 

calumnies, and impositions from the enemies of God and His church, she is come 

to Carlisle to justify herself from the villanous lies which have been heaped upon 

her while she has been kept in prison. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

928. Letter from Mary, Queen of Scots, to the Archbishop of Glasgow, dated November 

13th, 1574. She acknowledges the receipt of some " confistures," and says she is 
in good health, but that if he does not send her a secretary soon he will not hear 



THE BALCONY.] Maimsci'ipls and Aiitographs. 159 



from her again, for writing much makes her ill. She begs him assistance for 

Madame de Bry, who is returning to France on some business connected with 

her dowry. She signs herself, " Your very good friend and mistress, a prisoner,, 

Marie R." 

Lent by ALFRED MORRISON, ESQ. 

929. Letter from AL^ry, Queen of Scots, to Henry 1 1 1, of P>ancc. This most interesting 

letter was written only six hours before her death. She says that having received 
notice of her approaching execution only after dinner of the day she writes, she 
has not time to give him a full account of all that has passed, but if he will listen 
to her doctor and other attendants he will hear the truth. She says she does not 
fear death, and protests that she is innocent of all crime. She commends her 
son to his care in proportion as he deserves it, of which she knows nothing. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

930. Grant from Mary, Queen of Scots, as Queen Dowager of France, to " Sieur de 

la Montaigne, maitre d'hostel," of the Due de Guise, of the " Cappitaindrie " of the 
Castle of Wassy. Dated " Charteldy" [Chartley], 30th April, 1586. Autograph 

signature. 

Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 

931. Letter from James L and VI. to his mother, dated August 6th, 1586. The want 

of trustworthy messengers, and the uncertainty in which he is as to her place of 

residence, are the reasons of his not having written lately. But having now an 

opportunity, by the French Ambassador, he cannot lose the chance of inquiring 

after her health. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

932. Letter from James L and VL to Henry IV. of France, thanking him for the 

gracious reception and the extraordinary favours and courtesies he has granted 
to Viscount Cranbournc, son of his Treasurer. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Es(i. 

933. Letter from Anne of Denmark, Queen of James I., to the Archduke Albert of 

Austria, dated July 29th, 1605. Acknowledging the receipt of his letter by the 
Baron de Hobognc, with whom she is so much pleased that she thanks the 
archduke for sending such a discreet and sincere minister. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 



i6o Exhibition of the Royal HoiLse of Shtart. 



934. Letter from Henry, Prince of Wales, eldest son of James I., to Henr}^ IV. of 

France, dated August 26th, 1606, thanking him for the expression of affection 
which he has received both from the King and the Dauphin. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

935. Two Letters from Princess Elizabeth (of Bohemia), daughter of James 

L and VL, to Mary, Countess of Mar, concerning the sons of the latter then at 
her Court. 

Lent by Sheriff Erskine Murray. 

936. Letter from Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia, daughter of James L, to Lady 

Killigrew, acknowledging the receipt of a letter from Lady Killigrew and 
expressing a hope that she may one day hunt in her park. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

937. Letter from Charles L to the Duke of Lorraine, commending to him "le 

Sr de Montaigu," the bearer. Dated Theobaldes, March 14th, 1626. Autograph 
signature. Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 

938. Holograph Order from Charles L to the Ranger of the Forest of Exmoor for 

" one fatt stagg of this season." Dated Oatelands, 5 August, 1637. At the foot : 
" For Mr. Windam." Lent by The Rev. John C. Jackson. 

939. Warrant of the Privy Council to the High Sheriff of the County of Rutland 

for the collection of ship money, dated Whitehall, November 9th, 1638, with 
fourteen autograph signatures, including William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, 
William Juxon, Bishop of London, Sir Thomas Coventry, Lord Keeper, the 
Earls of Lindsey, Arundell, and Manchester, &c. 

Lent by The Rev. E. Field. 

940. Treasury Receipt to the High Sheriff of Rutland for ^350 collected under the 

above warrant. Signed by Sir William Russell and Sir Henry Vane, treasurers of 
the Navy. Dated July 20th, 1639. 

Lent by The Rev. E. Field. 

941. Letter from Charles L (in French) to his mother-in-law, Marie de Medicis, 

with a subscription by Henrietta Maria announcing the birth of Charles IL Dated 
May 30th, 1630. Lent by ALFRED MORRISON, Esq. 



THE BALCONY.] Manusci^ipts and AutograpJis. i6r 



942. Letter from Charles L to the Duke of Ormond, dated July 31st, 1645. He writes 

that it hath pleased God by many successive misfortunes to reduce his affairs 
to so low an ebb as to be a perfect trial to all men's integrities. He principally 
relies upon the Duke for assistance, and urges him to personally bring over rein- 
forcements from Ireland and to leave the government of that country in the fittest 
hands he can. But he must not understand this as a permission to grant the 
Irish anything more in the matter of religion. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

943. Holograph Warrant in Cypher from Charles I. to John Ashbumham to raise 

^10,000 on any of the king's jewels in his custody, and to "divide it equally 
between Culpeper and yourself" Dated Newcastle [1646]. 

Lent by The Earl of Ashburnham. 

944. Holograph Letter in Cypher from Charles I. to John Ashburnham. The 

king complains of not having heard from Ashburnham, but sets it down to 
his going to meet the Prince (Charles), the securing of whom is necessary to 
the king's safety. He believes that he is lost unless he can escape to France 
before the following August. " This freedom of opinion I express to none but 
you, yet I give you freedom to use it according to your discretion." Dated 
Newcastle, 8 July [1646]. The letter is deciphered in John Ashburnham's hand. 

Lent by The Earl of Ashburnham. 

945. Warrant from Charles I. to John Ashburnham to supply Si;- Edward Walker, 

sent to the Queen in France, with sufficient money for his support there. Dated 
Newcastle, 28 July, 1646. Autograph signature. 

Lent by The Earl of Ashburnham. 

946. Draft of a Letter from John Ashburnham to Charles I., full of sympathy with 

the King in his misfortunes. At the end he says, " I hope you have burnt all your 
letters and cypher. If you have not, for God's sake doe it. You will still remember 
the Alphabett, in confidence whereof you see I have only made use of that part. 
Dated 11 Feb. 1647." Lent by The Earl of Ashburnham. 

947. Holograph Letter from Charles I. to John Ashburnham, partly in cypher. The 

King says in cypher, " For my escape from hence, I shall not attempt it but by 
the Queen's advice," and " I desyre the opinions of the Queen, the Prince of 



1 62 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



Wales, Lord Jermyn, Culpeper, and John Ashburnham," respecting the London 
Propositions in which " they demand not only the confirmation of their counterfaict 
great seale, but also the making good of all the Acts which have been done by 
it." [1648]. Lent by The Earl of Ashburnham. 

948. Original Draft of the Order to the Governor of the Isle of Wight for securing the 

person of Charles L at Carisbroke. Nov. 1648. In the handwriting of Ireton. 

Lent by S. J. Davies, Esq. 

949. Holograph Letter from Charles I. to the Secretary, Edward Nicholas. 

Lent by A. B. Freeman-Mitford, Esq. 

950. Holograph Letter from Charles I. to Colonel Salusbury, thanking him for his 

"loyall constansie." Dated New Castell, 13 Sep. 1646. 

Lent by Lord Bagot. 

951. Warrant from Charles I. to the Governor of the garrison of Denbigh (Colonel 

Salusbury) referring to directions given in a former letter, and " forasmuch as 
the day prefixed for the performance of the same drawes so neere " enlarging 
the time to the 20th February. Dated Oxford i6th Dec. 1645. Autograph 
superscription. Countersigned by Edw. Nicholas. 

Lent by Lord Bagot. 

952. Order from Charles 1. to Sir WilHam Dugdale, Rouge Croix Pursuivant (after- 

wards Garter King of Arms), commanding him to summon the Castles of Banbury 
and Warwick to surrender. Dated Yorke, 4th Aug. 1642. 

Lent by Mrs. Stratford Dugdale. 

953. Letter from Charles I. summoning the city of Coventry to surrender. Dated 

Stonely Abbey, 20th Aug. 1642. 

Lent by Mrs. Stratford Dugdale. 

954. Register Book of the Parish of Windsor, from 1559 to 1696. At the 

year 1645 occurs the note "this Booke was neglected in y^ unhappy warres 
betwixt y*^ King & Parliament." On the 9th of February, 164 , in the Register of 

y 

Burials is written " King Charles in the Castle." 

Lent by The Vicar of Windsor. 



THE BALCONY.] Mauuscrlpts and Autographs. i6 



o 



965. Holograph Letter of Queen Henrietta Maria to Louis XII L Undated. 

Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 

956. Letter from Henrietta Maria to her mother, Marie de Medicis. Having heard 

that her correspondent has been ill she cannot rest satisfied until she knows 
that she is restored to health. She begs that M. Mayerne may be reinstated 
in his post as physician to the king, her brother, and also that her nurse's 
annuity may be paid. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

957. Letter from Henrietta Maria to Cardinal Richelieu. She sends back the 

Abb^ Montagu with full powers, and thanks the Cardinal for the trouble he 

has taken to oblige her. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

958. Receipt by Prince Rupert for /i,ooo, being amount of his pension (granted 

by Charles II. in i66o) for the quarter ending Christmas Day, 1678. 

Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 

959. Pass under the hand of Queen Henrietta Maria, to Sir William Dugdale, to 

enable him to return to England. Dated St. Germain en Laye, 3rd Aug. 1648. 

Lent by Mrs. Stratford Dugdale. 

960. Order of Charles II. to Sir Charles Erskine, the governor of Dumbarton Castle, 

to deliver guns to the Secretary of the Earl of Derby. Dated 24th July, 165 1. 

Lent by Sheriff Erskine Murray. 

961. Two Drafts, revised and corrected, of the surrender of Dumbarton Castle by Sir 

Charles Erskine to Cromwell. 

Lent by Sheriff Erskine Murray. 

962. Order from Charles II. to Sir Edward Walker, Clerk of the Council, for a great 

variety of disbursements, according to a schedule annexed. Dated The Hague 
6th June, 1649. Autograph superscription. 

Lent by J. Eliot Hodgkin, Esq. 

L 2 



164 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



963. Holograph Letter from Charles II. to Dean Steward respecting the attempt of 

Sir George Ratcliff and others to sow dissension between himself and his brother 
the Duke of York. Dated St. Johnstone [i.e. Perth], December 18th, 1650. 

Lent by The President of Oscott College, Birmingham. 

964. Resolutions of a Council of War, held on board the Royal Sovej-eign, July 6, 

1673. In Charles II.'s own hand. Lent by Mr. Councillor Evans. 

965. Resolutions of a Council of Flag Officers held on board the Royal Sovereign 

16 July, 1673. Signed by Charles II. Lent by Mr. Councillor Evans. 

966. Letter from Charles II. to his cousin Prince Rupert, dated Paris, February 19th, 

(1653). Having received intelligence from Nantes that the Prince was not far 
from the French coast, he writes to say that he is to give credit to what " Mr. 
Atturney" will write. He will not say anything himself, because he has lost the 
cypher. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

967. Letter from Charles II. to Cardinal Mazarin. Written in French and 

dated Chantilly, November 4th, 1653. On account of the improved prospect of 
his affairs he finds it necessary to be nearer the place where his friends are working 
in his interest. He sends the Abb^ Montagu to explain his reasons, and give 
repeated assurances of his friendship and devotion. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

968. Holograph Receipt from Charles II. to J. F. for ^100 "which I doe promis 

to repay as soone as I am able." Dated Bruges, Dec. 21st, 1657. 

Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 

969. Holograph Letter from Charles II. to Sir William Temple, commanding 

him to prevent if possible a proposed visit of William Prince of Orange to 
England, "as being in no degree convenient at this time." The King ends : — " I 
am just now going to my L'* Maior's Show so I can say no more at present." 
Dated Whitehall, Oct. 29th, 1675. 

Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 



THE BALCONY.] Manusc7'ipts and Autographs. 165 



970. Letter from James, Duke of Monmouth, to Sir Thomas Chichely, Master of 

the Ordnance, enclosing a list of the Companies of Foot "that are to bee on 
Hownsloe Heath." Dated Whitehall, iVIay 6th, [no year.] 

Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 

971. The Reasons given by James, Duke of York, afterwards James II. and VII. 

for embracing the Roman Catholic religion. Dated St. James', August 20th, 1670. 

Lent by A. Cameron, Esq. 

972. Letter from James II. and VII. to Patrick Stewart of Ballechin, thanking him 

for his services and speaking of the progress of campaign in Ireland. Dated 
Dublin Castle, 30 Nov. 1689. Autograph signature. 

Lent by J. Stewart of Ballechin. 

973. Letter from James II. to the Duke de Lauzun, written in French and dated 

St. Germain, August loth, 1690. He has received the Duke's letter and has 
heard of what has taken place since they parted.. The enemies themselves admit 
that Lord Tyrconnel and Lauzun withdrew in good order ; so much cannot be 
said of the King's own infantry. He gives an account of his doings since his 
return to France and of his vain efforts to procure some troops to go to England. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

974. Letter from Queen Mary (of Modena), Consort of James II. and VII., to the 

Abbess of Chaillot, principally on the subject of the sisters of convent who had 
recently died. Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

975. Letter from Queen Mary (of Modena), Consort of James II. and VII., to 

Cardinal Crescentio, in return for a letter of Christmas wishes. Dated \Vhitehall, 
February 21st, 1687. Autograph signature. 

Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 

976. Holograph Letter of Queen I\Iary (of Modena), Consort of James II. and 

VII., to the Count Lauzun respecting the health of her son Prince James Francis 
Edward. Without date or signature. Written after 1701. 

Lent by Gery Milner-Gibson-Cullum, Esq. 



1 66 Exhibition of the Royal House of Sttiart. 



977. Letter from Queen Mary (of Modena), Consort of James II. and VII., to 

Cardinal Grimaldi. Dated June 6th, 17 12. Autograph signature. 

Lent by Gery Milner-Gibson-Cullum, Esq. 

978. Letter from Mary, Princess of Orange (afterwards elected Queen of Great 

Britain and Ireland), to the States General. Dated, March 21st, 1682. Autograph 
signature. Lent by Gery Milner-Gibson-Cullum, Esq. 

979. Letter from Prince James Francis Edward (James III. and VIII.) to 

Cardinal Casoni, congratulating him on his promotion. Dated St. Germain en 
Laye, June 2nd, 1706. Autograph signature. 

Lent by Gery Milner-Gibson-Cullum, Esq. 

980. Letter from Prince James Francis Edward (James III. and VIII.) to Cardinal 

Albani. Dated August loth, 17 17. Thanking him for his assurances of friend- 
ship, and asking to sometimes pay court for him to the Pope. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

981. Holograph Letter of Prince James Francis Edward (James III. and VIII.) 

to Sir John Erskine of Alva, beginning "My Friend and Comrade." Dated 
I Jan., 17 1 8. Lent by Sheriff Erskine Murray. 

982. Draft Letter of James Francis Edward (James III. and VIII.) to the King of 

Sweden, introducing Sir John Erskine of Alva. Dated 1716. Autograph 
corrections. Lent by Sheriff Erskine Murray. 

983. Holograph Letter from Prince James Francis Edward (James III. and 

VIII.) to the Earl of Panmure, referring to affairs in Scotland, and to "my late 
misfortunes and disappointments," and " the present personal happiness I now 
enjoy." Monte Fiascony, October 27th, 17 19. 

Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 

984. Letter from Prince James Francis Edward (James III. and VIII.) to 

Cardinal Langredini, in reply to his condolences on the death of Princess 
Clementina. Date Rome, Jan. 1735. Autograph signature. 

Lent by Sir Thomas Dick-Lauder, Bart. 



THE BALCONY.] Manuscvipts and Autographs. 167 



985. Letter from Princess Clementina (Sobieska), Consort of Prince James Francis 

Edward (James IIL and VIIL) to the Pope. Dated February i6th, 1729, 
thanking the Pope for his benediction, and also for the chaplet which he has sent. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

986. Order from Princess Clementina (Soeieska), Consort of Prince James Francis 

Edward (James IIL and VIIL), to Mr. Perichon, for the payment of 4,125 livres 
to Mr. George Waters " qu'il doit avoit touchee pour nous du Paieur des Rentes 
de I'Hotel de Ville de Paris." Dated Rome, Dec. loth, 1732. Signed 
" Clementine R." Accompanied by an engraved portrait. 

Lent by Gery Milner-Gibson-Cullum, Esq. 

987. Letter from Lord Balmerino to "Mr. Gordon" on the subject of "the 

difference betwixt Mr. Corbet [Prince James] and Mr. Lambert [Princess 

Clementina]," and other matters. Feigned names are used throughout, and these 

have been interpreted in another hand. The letter is signed " R. Lauder," and 

an endorsement says: "He signs his letter for the future Richard Bennet."' 

Apr. 1 6th, 1726. 

Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 

988. Letter from Simon Eraser, Lord Lovat, to Lord . Dated Edinburgh 

24th Jan. 1730. 

Lent by RiCHARD JACQUES, Esq. 

989. Letter from Prince Charles Edward (Charles IIL), congratulating his 

correspondent on his having been selected (probably as ambassador) by the 

King of France. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

990. Letter from Prince Charles Edward (Charles IIL) announcing his being 

"arrived safe aboard ye vessell" on which he left Scotland after his wanderings 
in 1746. Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

[See Case I.] 

991. Letter from Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.) to Evan Macpherson of 

Cluny, informing him of his arrival in Scotland and of his intention " to set up 
the Royale Standard at Glenfinnen on Munday the 19th instant." Dated 
Boradale, 6 Aug. 1745. Lent by Colonel Macpherson of Cluny. 



1 68 Exhibition oj ike Royal House of Sttiart. 



992. Blank Form signed and sealed by Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.) 

for a Captain's commission " in the regiment commanded by Evan Macpherson 
of Clunie." Dated Perth, 7th Sept. 1745. 

Lent by COL. Macpherson of Cluis[v. 

993. Blank Commission for a Lieutenancy in the regiment of Evan Macpherson 

of Cluny. Signed by Prince Charles Edward (Charles IIL). Dated 
Perth, 8th Sept. 1745. 

Lent by Miss Juliet Macdonald. 

994. Commission from Prince Charles Edward (Charles IIL) to Evan Mac- 

pherson of Cluny "to raise in arms for our service men you possibly can." 
Signed Charles P[rince] Regent ; dated Fairntown, 3rd Feb. 1746. 

Lent by CoL. Macpherson of Cluny. 



995. Two Lines of Music, sent as a warning to Prince Charles Edward (Charles 

III.). When folded in a particular manner they form the words: "Conceal 
yourself, your foes look for you." 

Lent by CoL. Macpherson of Cluny. 

996. Holograph Letter from Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.) to Evan 

Macpherson of Cluny, thanking him for his services. Dated Diralagich in 
Glencamyier of Locharkag, i8th Sept. 1746. 

Lent by CoL. Macpherson of Cluny. 

897. Letter from Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.) to Evan Macpherson of 
Cluny dated 29th Feb. 1748. Written on parchment. 

Lent by CoL. Macpherson of Cluny. 

998. Letter from Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.) to Sir James Kinloch, 
Bart., announcing his arrival and calling upon Sir James to join him. Dated 
Blair in Athol, 2nd Sept. 1745. 

Lent by CoL. John Grant Kinloch. 



THE BALCONY.] ManuscTipts and Autographs. 169 



999. Commission from Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.) to Sir James 
Kinloch, Bart., appointing him a Lieutenant-Colonel. Dated Holyrood House, 
27 Oct. 1745. Autograph Signature. 

Lent by Col. John Grant Kinloch. 

1000. Battalion Order-Book of the Duke of Cumberland's Army in the High- 

lands in 1746. Among other things it contains an order to search the cottages 
for "rebells," and to "take notice that the publick orders of the rebells yesterday 
was to give us no quarters," (which untrue accusation was the pretext for the 
massacre which followed Culloden), 

Lent by W. J. Stuart, Esq. 

1001. " Memoires de M. le Cher [Johnstone]. La Guerre d'Ecosse." The Original 

Manuscript of the Chevalier Johnstone's Memoirs of the '45. The writer was 
aide-de-camp to Lord George Murray during the campaign. The published 
translation is considerably abridged, and does not contain the careful plans 
of battles, &c., that appear in the MS. 

Lent by W. Campbell Maclean, Esq. 

1002. Letter from Lady George Murray to the Duke of AthoU containing an account 

of the battle of Prestonpans. Dated 22 Sept. 1745. 

Lent by Sheriff Erskine Murray. 

1003. "The Lyon in Mourning, or a Collection (as exactly made as the Iniquity of the 

Times would permit) of Speeches, Letters, Journals, &c., relative to the affairs 
but more particularly the Danger and Distresses of" the Jacobites in 1745 and 
1746. Collected by the Rev. Robert Forbes, A.M. This Collection is of great 
interest, and has been the foundation of most that has been written on the subject 
of the '45, and especially of Robert Chambers's History. In the covers of three 
of the volumes are several relics, viz., pieces of the dress, waistcoat, apron, and 
brogues worn by Prince Charles Edward while in hiding, of his Garter and 
his sword-hilt, and of the boat which carried the Prince from Boradale to 
Benbecula. 10 volumes in MS. 

Lent by The Curators of the Advocates' 
Library, Edinburgh. 



170 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stziart. 



1004. Protest by Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.) addressed to John Waters, 

Banker at Paris, " against anything whatsoever my Father has done or may do 
against my interest and Personall Effects." Dated 10 Dec. 1755. 

Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 

1005. Holograph Letter from Princess Louisa (of Stolberg), Countess of 

Albany, Consort of Prince Charles Edward (Charles IIL), to Monsieur Gomel (?) 
respecting the hire of a house. Dated ce mercredi 9 gbre a 8 heures du matin. 

Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 

1006. Holograph Letter from Princess Louisa (of Stolberg), Countess of 

Albany, Consort of Prince Charles Edward (Charles IIL), to Mons. Fautin, 
bookseller, asking for the works of Beaumarchais and the last edition of Tacitus. 
Dated 7 April, 1809. Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 

1007. Holograph Letter from Princess Louisa (of Stolberg), Countess of Albany, 

Consort of Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.) to the Countess Masino. Dated 
20 Oct. without year. Lent by Gery Milner-Gibson-Cullum, Esq. 

1008. Holograph Letter from Princess Louisa (of Stolberg), Countess of Albany 

Consort of Prince Charles Edward (Charles 1 1 1.) to Lady Strange, signed " Louise 
R." Dated 19 Dec. (no year). Lent by Alex. Pelham Trotter, Esq. 

1009. Holograph Letter from Princess Louisa (of Stolberg), Countess of Albany, 

Consort of Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.) to Lady Strange, signed " Louise 
de Stolberg, C. d Albanie." Dated 21 January, 1788 (ten days before her 
husband's death). Lent by Alex. Pelham Trotter, Esq. 

1010. Letter from Clementina Walkinshaw to Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.) 

with reference to her departure from him : " I quite my Dearest prince with 
the greatest regreat and shall allways be miserable if I dont hear of his welfair." 
Undated. Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 

1011. Letter from Charlotte Stuart, Duchess of Albany (natural daughter of 

Prince Charles Edward) to her Father. Dated Paris, 16 Aug. 1784. 

Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 



THE I5ALC0NY.J Manuscripts and Autographs. 171 



1012. Letter Book of Andrew Lumisden, Secretary to Prince James Francis Edward 

(James III. and VIII.) and Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.). The 
correspondence extends from 1759 ^'^ 1/61, and contains much information about 
the two exiled Princes. The book passed into the hands of the writer's nephew 
Sir Thomas Strange, grandfather of the present owner. 

Lent by Alex. Pelham Trotter, Esq. 

1013. The Episcopal Style, Title, Seal and Signature of Prince Henry, 

Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX.), Bishop of Frascati. The style and 
title are printed. Lent by The Rector of Stonyhurst College. 

1014. Order from Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX.), to N. 

Verzury, Banker at Paris, for the payment to the Marquis Jerome Belloni of 
35,000 livres Tournies. Dated Frascati, 22 June, 1772. Autograph signature. 

Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 

1015. Letter from Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX.), to 

the Cavaliere Berlinghieri. Dated Frascati, 15 Jan. 1783. Autograph signature. 

Lent by Gery Milner-Gibson-Cullum, Esq. 

1016. Letter from Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX.), on the 

subject of some declaration which has been signed by some lady who afterwards 
repented of having done so, also about his brother who gives him great cause of 
annoyance. 

Lent by Alfred Morrison, Esq. 

1017. Letter from Robert Watson to Rev. Edward John Bury, relating to the archives 

of the Stuart family, purchased by Dr. Watson in Rome, and others still re- 
maining in the Scots College in Paris. Dated 21 June, 1831. The writer 
encloses a lock of the hair of Prince Charles Edward cut in 1737. This lock is 
now the property of Harrow School, and is shown in this Exhibition, No. 508. 

Lent by Richard Jacques, Esq. 

1018. Letter from Sir John Cox Hippesley to Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of 

York (Henry IX.), relating to the latter's pension. London, 13 Apr. 1800. 

Lent by Alex. Pelham Trotter, Esq. 



172 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 

1019. Letter from Thomas Coutts, Banker, to Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of 
York (Henry IX.), relating to the payment of ^2,000 " on the account of 
the King's allowance." London, 12 Sept. 1800. 

Mr. Coutts was the agent for the payment of the pension granted by 
George III. to the Cardinal after the loss of his fortune. 

Lent by Alex. Pelham Trotter, Esq. 



1020. The " World " Newspaper for 24 March, 1788, with an obituary notice of Prince 
Charles Edward (Charles III.), who died 31 January, 1788. 

Lent by Alex. Pelham Trotter, Esq. 



1021. The "Morning Post" Newspaper for 15 March, 1784, with an obituary notice 

of Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.), who, it erroneously states, died of 
apoplexy on the 23rd of January. Pinned to the paper is a note in the hand- 
writing of Lady Strange, wife of Sir Robert Strange, "not dead, but a just 

account." 

Lent by Alex. Pelham Trotter, Esq. 

1022. Letter from Prince James Francis Edward (James III.) to Prince Charles Edward, 

with news of his own and Prince Henry's health, and allusions to his. Prince 
Charles's, coming campaign (in Scotland). Dated Albans, 18 May, 1745. 

Lent by The Rector of St. Edmund's 
College, Doual 



1023. Four Holograph Letters from Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.) to Mr. 
Cowley, chiefly relating to money matters. 

In one the Prince speaks of his "great strets for want of money and this 
occasioned by y*^ extravagances of my wife," and in another of the " distress 
occasioned all by the extravagance or madness of my wife." The letters are 
all signed "Charles R." Dated Florence 25 Apr. 1777, 5 June, 1778, 29 June, 
23 Nov. 1781. 

Lent by The Rector of St. Edmund's 
College, Doual 



THE BALCONY.] ManuscHpts and Autographs. 173 

1024. Holograph Letter from Prince Charles Edward (Charles IIL) to Mr. Kellet. 

He desires confirmation of the news " reguarding y<= number of y*' ships taken 
from y^ English, which was bringing y^* plunder maide on y® Hollanders in so 
treacherous a manner.' Dated Florence, i June 1781. 

Lent by The Rector of St. Edmund's 
College, Doual 



1025. Signed Letter from Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.) to Mr. Cowley 

mentioning the return of the Duchess of Albany (his daughter) from Montefreddo, 
where she had been visiting his brother, the Duke of York. Dated Florence 

7 Oct. 1785. 

Lent by The Rector of St. Edmund's 
College, Douai. 

1026. Warrant from Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX.), certified at 

the French Consulate at Rome to Dr. Henry Parker, Prior of the English 
Benedictines at Paris to remit to Mr. Busoni, banker, at Paris, two diamonds 
which he has in his possession. Autograph signature. Dated Rome, 24 Dec. 
1789. Lent by The Rector of St. Edmund's 

College, Doual 

1027. " A Short Narrative of the life and death of Mary Louisa, Royal Princess of 
■■"■ England (daughter of James II. and VII.), by the Superior of the Religious of 

the Visitation at Chaliot in France, to a Monastery of the same order." 

Lent by Her Majesty the Queen. 



174 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



PRINTED BOOKS. 
(In the Balcony.) 

1028. " Regiae Anglicae Maiestatis pictura, et Historica declaratio. Coloniae. 

apud C. Passceum Zeelan : 1604." Contains a pedigree of James I. and VI., 
and portrait of Elizabeth, James I. and VI., Anne of Denmark, and Henry 
Prince of Wales. Lent by Henry H. Gibes, Esq. 

1029. "The Historie of the Life and Death of Marie Stuart Queene of 

Scotland." By William Stranguage. Printed by J. Haviland, London, 1624. 
Sm. fol. Lent by W. J. Stuart, Esq. 

1030. "The Workes of the Most High and Mighty Prince, James . . . King of 

Great Britaine, France, and Ireland . . . Published by James, Bishop of Winton." 
Printed by R. Barker, London, 161 6. Fol. 

Lent by Mrs. Stratford Dugdale. 

1031. " The Psalms of King David, translated by King James." Printed by 

W. Turner, Oxford, 1631. i2mo. Lent by Mrs. Stratford Dugdale. 

1032. " Dernieres GEuvres de sa Majestk de la Grande Bretagne Charles I." 

Including ^\kwv BaaiXiKT], the Conference with Henderson, &c., in French. A 
La Haye, 1649. l2mo. In richly gilt binding. Lent by W. J. Stuart, Esq. 

1033. " King Charles his Tryal at the High Court of Justice sitting in Westminster 

Hall Also His Majesties Speech on the Scaffold .... Together with 

the several speeches of Duke Hamilton, the Earl of Holland and the Lord 
Capel immediately before their execution .... The Second Edition, much 
enlarged." Printed by J. M. for Peter Cole, etc., London, 1650. i2mo. 

Lent by Mrs. H. A. Grueber. 

1034. "An Exact and most Impartial Accompt of the . . . Trial and Judgment (ac- 

cording to Law) of Twenty-Nine Regicides, the Murtherers of His late Sacred 
Majesty ... on the 9th of October, 1660." Printed for R. Scot, etc., London, 
1679. 8vo. Lent by A. J. Rodway, Esq. 



THE r.ALCONY.] Printed Books. 175 



1035. " Grundlicher Bericht was bey der Execution dess gewesenen Hertzogs von 
Monmouth vorgegangen : Geschehen zu London aufif Tourhill den 15.25 Julii 
1685. Nebst der Schrifft welche er auff dem Schavott denen Bischdffen iiber- 
geben und die Copey eines Brieffes den er nach dem er gefangen worden nach 
seiner Gefjingniss an Iher Konigl. Majestat geschrieben. Alles auss dem 
Englischen ins Hoch Teutsche iibersetzt. Gedruckt im Jahr 1686." An account 
of the Execution of James Duke of Monmouth, with the writing given by him 
to the Bishops (of Ely and Bath and Wells) on the scaffold, and his letters to 
the King. Lent by Henry H. Gibes, Esq. 



1036. " A Form of Prayer with Thanksgiving for the safe Delivery of the Queen and 

happy Birth of the Young Prince [James Francis Edward, afterwards James IIL 
and VI IL]. To be used on Sunday next, being the seventeenth Day of this 
instant, June, etc." Printed by C. Bill, etc., London, 1688. 4to. 

Lent by The Rev. F. G. Lee, D.D. 

1037. " Devotions to be used by Primitive Catholics at Church and at Home. In two 

parts." 

Printed by J. Sadler, Liverpool, 1747. 8'. A second edition of the Prayer-Book 
drawn up by Thomas Deacon, Nonjuror Bishop at Manchester, for the use of 
that section of the Nonjuring Church known as the " Usagers." The first edition 
was published in 1732, and contained the Offices for Morning and Evening 
Prayer, the Holy Liturgy (a nearly exact reproduction of the so-called Liturgy of 
St. Clement), the Ordinal, &c. In 1746 an additional book was published con- 
taining among other things " A Litany for the use of those who mourn for the 
iniquities of the present Time," and a form for the admission of a convert. The 
present book is a combination of the two previous, and has evidently been 
much used. It is remarkable that in Deacon's Catechism of 1748 X}^z earlier 
editions are advertised and this Liverpool edition is not mentioned. The owner 
has been unable to find any mention of it, or to hear of any other copy. 

Lent by Mrs. Henry Jenner 

For Sequence of Nos. see Supplement, p. 217. 



176 



Exhibition of the Royal Hoitse of Stuart. 



SEALS LENT BY THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES. 

(In the Balcony.) 

ENGLISH SOVEREIGNS. 



James I. First Great Seal. 

„ Second „ „ 

„ Great Seal for Ireland. 

Charles I. First Great Seal. 

„ Second „ 

„ Fourth „ 

Charles II. Third „ 

Third 

„ Fourth „ 
Fourth 



Original detached impression. 
Obverse and reverse. 



Reverse only 'j 

„ i 

Obverse only 



;>on same card. 



? Fourth „ „ 

This is an hitherto tmnoticed example with roses on the field. 

Great Seal for Scotland. Obverse and reverse. 



Ireland. 



James II. 



Great Seal. 



Signets, &c. 



James I. 
Charles I. 

Henrietta Maria. 



Charles II. 3. 
James II, 3. 



Seal and Counterseal. Also Nine Impressions of 
Personal Seals and Signets. 
Catherine de Braganza. Seal. 



Mary of Modena. 2 Signets. 



THE BALCONY.] 



Seals 



T77 



Robert II. 




Great 


Seal. 


James II. 




3> 




James IV. 




3J 




Mary. 




» 


» 1542 


» 




;j 


» 1554- 


Mary and 


Francis. 


» 


,, 1559- 


j> 


3) 


jj 


„ 1564. 



SCOTTISH SOVEREIGNS. 



Obverse and reverse. 



James I. Privy Seal. 

James II. „ „ 

James V. Signet. 

James King of Scotland (? James I.). Privy Seal (?) 

Joan, Queen of James I. 3 Seals. 

Maria, Queen of James II. 

Margaret, Queen of James IV. 

Anne of Denmark {for Lordship of Dunfermline). Seal and Counter Seal. 

Mary Two Privy Seals. 

„ Personal Seal. 

„ Signet. 



JI 



178 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



COINS AND MEDALS 

EXHIBITED BY 

R. W. COCHRAN-PATRICK, Esq. 

Under Secretary for Scotland. 

CASE O— North Gallery. 
SCOTTISH COINS. 

ROBERT II. A.D. 1371-1390. 

1. Edinburgh Groat. Silver. 

2. Edinburgh Half-Groat. Silver. 

3. Edinburgh Penny. Silver. 

4. Edinburgh Halfpenny. Silver. The coinage of this reign consisted only of silver 

pieces, viz., the groat, half-groat, penny and halfpenny. 

ROBERT III. A.D. 1390—1406. 
6. Heavy Short Cross Lion or St. Andrew. Gold. Current value, 5.?. 

6. Heavy Demi-Lion. Gold. Current value, is. 6d. 

7. Light Lion or St. Andrew. Gold. 

8. Light Demi-Lion. Gold. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Coius and Mcdals. 1 79 



9. Edinburgh Groat. Silver. 

10. Edinburgh Half-Groat. Silver. 

11. Edinburgh Penny. Silver. 

12. Edinburgh Halfpenny. Silver. 

JAMES I. a.d. 1406-1437. 

13. Demy, a.d. 1433. Gold. Current value 3^. \d. or equal to the English Half-Noble. 

14. Half-Demy, a.d. 1433. Current value, i^-. 8^. 

15. Edinburgh Fleur-de-lis Groat. Silver. 

16. Stirling Fleur-de-lis Gro.at. Silver. 

17. Roxburgh Penny, Billon. 

18. Aberdeen Penny. Billon. 

19. Edinburgh Halfpenny. Billon. 

JAMES II. A.D. 1437-1460. 

20. Demy, a.d. 1437-1451. Gold. Current value, 9.?. 

21. Lion or St. Andrew, a.d. 1451. Gold. Current value, ds. Sd. but equal in 

weight to the English Half-Noble of 3.?. 4.d. 

22. Stirling Fleur-de-lis Groat. Silver. Current value, 6d. 

23. Edinburgh Crown Groat. Silver. Current value, Sd. 

24. Edinburgh Crown Half-Groat. Silver. Current value, 4.d. 

25. Aberdeen Penny. Billon. Current value, 2d. 

26. Aberdeen Halfpenny. Billon. Current value, id. 

M 2 



i8o Exhibitio7i of the Royal House of Stuart. 



JAMES III. A.n. T460-1488. 

27. Lion or St. Andrew, a.d. 1460-1467. Gold. Current value, \is. 

. 28. Rider of First Issue, a.d. 1475. Gold. 

29. Half-Rider of Second Issue. Gold. 

30. Quarter Rider of Second Issue. Gold. 

31. Unicorn, a.d. i486. Gold. 

32. Half-Unicorn, a.d. i486. Gold. 

33. Edinburgh Groat, a.d. 1460-1466. Silver. Current value, 12^. 

34. Edinburgh Groat, a.d. 1475. Silver. Current value, \2d. 

35. Edinburgh Groat, a.d. 1483. Silver. Current value, \\d. 

36. Edinburgh Groat, a.d. 1485. Silver. Current value, 14^. 

37. Edinburgh Farthing, a.d. 1466. Copper. 

38. Edinburgh Plack, a.d. 1468. Billon. Current value, id. 

39. Edinburgh Half-Plack, a.d. 1468. Billon. Current value, \\d. 

JAMES IV. A.D. 1488-1513. 

40. Unicorn of Second Coinage, a.d. 1496-1572. Gold. Current value, 20^-. 

41. Half- Unicorn of same Issue, Gold. Current value, io.$-. 

42. Edinburgh Groat with Three-Quarter Bust to Left. Silver. Current 

value, 14^. 

43. Edinburgh Half-Groat of same Issue. Silver. Current value, 12^/ 



NORTH GALLERY. J 



1 Coins and Medals. t8i 



44. Edinburgh Groats with Full Face. Silver. Current value, Td. 

45. Penny of same Issue. Silver. Current value, 3^/. 

46. Edinburgh Plack, a.d. 1504- 1506. Billon. 

47. Edinburgh Plack, a.d. 15 12. Billon. 

JAMES V. A.D. 1513-1542, 

48. Ecu OR Crown, a.d. 1525. Gold. Current value, los. 

49. Ducat or Bonnet Piece of 1539. Gold. Current value, 40^'. This is . the 

earliest Scottish coin that bears a date, and also a faithful portrait of the king. 

50. Two-thirds Ducat or Bonnet Piece of 1540. Gold. 

51. Edinburgh Groat with Three-Quarter Face to Right, a.d. 1517-1524. 

Silver. 

52. Edinburgh Half-Groat of same issue. Silver. 

53. Edinburgh Groat with Profile Bust and Single Arched Crown, a.d. 

1525. Silver. Current value, 18^. 

54. Edinburgh Groat of same type but with Double Arched Crown, a.d. 1327. 

Silver. 

55. Edinburgh One-third Groat with Profile Bust, A.D. 1527. Silver. Current 

value, 6^/. 

56. Edinburgh Penny with Full Face. Silver. 

57. Edinburgh Bawbee, A.D. 1542. Billon. Current value, i |^rf. 

58. Edinburgh Half-Bawbee of same Date. Billon. Current value, \d. 



1 82 Exhibition of the Royal Hotise of Stiiai^t. 



MARY. A.D. 1542 — 155^. 

59. Ecu OR Crown OF 1543. Gold. Current value, 20^. 

60. Twenty Shilling Piece OF 1543. Gold. Current value, 2oj-. 

61. Lion or Forty-four Shilling Piece of 1553. Gold. Current value, 44^. This 

coin bears besides the name and titles of Mary the initials (l. G.) of the Regent 
James, Earl of Arran {Jacobus Gubernator). 

62. Half-Lion or Twenty-two.Shilling Piece of 1555. Gold. Current value, 12s. 

63. Ryal or Noble of 1555. Gold. Current value, bos. The portrait of the queen 

on this piece was taken by John Achesoun in Paris in 1553. He also made 
the dies. 

64. Half-Ryal or Half-Noble of 1555. Gold. Current value, 30^-. 

65. Testoon of 1553. Silver. Current value, 4^-. This is the earliest portrait of the 

queen on her coins. The dies for this piece were made by John Achesoun at 
Paris, and exhibited to the French Court on the 21st October, 1553. 

66. Testoon of 1555. Silver. Current value, 5^. 

67. Half-Testoon of 1555. Silver. Current value, 2^. 6d. 

68. Testoon of 1556. Silver. Current value, 5^. 

69. Half-Testoon of 1556. Silver. Current value, 2^. 6^?. 

70. Edinburgh Bawbee, A.D. 1 544-1 553. Billon. Current value, a<i: 

71. Edinburgh Half-Bawbee, A.D. 1 544-1 553. Billon. Current value, |d. 

72.. Edinburgh Penny, a.d. 1554. Billon. Current value, \d. This coin was issued 
under license granted to Monsieur d'Oysel, French ambassador at the Scottish 
Court. The bust of the queen is facing, and the features are those of a child. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Coliis and Medals. 183 

73. Lion or Hardhead of 1555. Billon. Current value, \h.d. 

74. Penny OF 1556, Billon. Current value, i^?! 

75. Plack OF 1557. Billon. Current value, 4^/. 

FRANCIS AND MARY. a.d. 1558-1561. 

76. Testoons of 1558-9. Silver. Current value, 5^-. 

77. Half-Testoons OF 1558 AND 1560. Silver. Current value, 2J-. 6rtf. 

78. Twelve Penny Groat or Nonsunt of 1558. Billon. Current value, \2.d. 
79 Hardhead OF 1559. Billon. Current value, i^'. 

MARY. a.d. 1561-1565. 

80. Testoon of 1561. Silver. Current value, 5^. The dies for this and the next coin 

were executed by John Achesoun on his return to Scotland from France in 1561, the 
portrait on the obverse being made during his residence at the French Court. 

81. Half-Testoon of 1561. Silver. Current value, is. dd. The Crown in gold, and 

the Testoon and Half-Testoon in silver, were the only coins issued during Mary's 
first widowhood. 

MARY AND HENRY, a.d. 1565-1567. 

82. Ryal of 1 565. Silver. Current value, 30^-. The Ryal of this period is often called 

the Crookston Dollar, on the supposition that the tree represented on it refers to 
the story of the courtship of Mary and Darnley under the famous yew at Crookston. 
This is quite erroneous, as neither Mary nor Darnley ever resided at Crookston, 
and the tree shown on the coin is a palm, not a yew. 

83. Two-Thirds Ryal of 1565. Silver. Current value, 20J. 

84. One-Third Ryal of 1565. Silver. Current value, \os. 



184 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuai't. 



JAMES VI. A.D. 1567— 1603. 

86. Twenty Pound Piece of 1576. Gold. This is the earliest gold issue of this 
Monarch. The dies were made by John Achesoun under contract with the Earl 
of Morton, Regent, dated 5th March, 1576—7. 

86. Ducat or Bare-headed Noble of 1580. Gold. Current value, 8oj. 

87. Lion Noble or Scottish Angel of 1586. Gold. Current value, 75^^. 

88. Thistle Noble, a.d; 1588. Gold. Current value, £-] 6s. M. This coin is of the 

weight and fineness of the English Rose Noble. The design and dies were the 
work of Thomas Foullis. 

89. Hat Piece OF 1592. Gold. Current value, Soj-. 

90. Rider of 1593. Gold. Current value, \oos. In 1593 the whole of the gold coinage 

was ordered to be called in, and this and the following piece issued. 

91. Half-Rider, 1594. Gold. Current value, 50^-. 

92. Sword and Sceptre Piece of 1601. Gold. Current value, £fi. A general re- 

coinage was ordered in 1601, consisting of the Sword and Sceptre and Half-Sword 
and Sceptre in gold, and Thistle Merk and its divisions in silver. 

93. Half-Sword and Sceptre Piece of 1601. Gold. Current value, ^^3, 

94. Sword Dollar or James Ryal of 1567. Silver. Current value, 3oj-, 

95. Two-thirds Sword Dollar or Ryal OF 1567. Silver. Current value, 20j. 

96. One-third Sword Dollar or Ryal of 1567. Silver. Current value, loj. 

97. Noble or Half Merk of 1572. Silver. Current value, 6.y. M. 

i98. Half-Noble or Forty Penny Piece of 1572. Silver. Current value, -^s. 4^. 
99. Thistle Dollar or Two Merk Piece of 1579. Silver. Current value, 26s. 8d. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Coius and Medais. 1S5 

100. Half Thistle Dollar OR Merk OF 1579. Silver. Current value, 13^-. 4.^. 

101. Sixteen Shilling Piece OF 1581. Silver. 

102. Eight Shilling Piece of 1581. Silver. 

103. Forty Shilling Piece of 1582. Silver. 

104. Thirty Shilling Piece of 1583. Silver. 

105. Twenty Shilling Piece of 1582. Silver. 

106. Ten Shilling Piece OF 1582. Silver. 

107. Balance Half-Merk of 1591. Silver. Current value, 6s. 8c/. 

108. Balance Ouarter-Merk of 1591. Silver. Current value, y. ^a. 

109. Ten Shilling Piece of 1594. Silver. This specimen is erroneously dated 1564. 

110. Five Shilling Piece of 1594. Silver. 

111. Thirty Penny Piece of 1594. Silver. 

112. Twelve Penny Piece of 1594. Silver. 

113. Thistle Merk of 1602. Silver. Current value, 13^. 4c/. This and the following 

three pieces belong to the re-coinage of 1601. 

114. Half-Thistle Merk of 1602. Silver. Current value, 6^. ^d. 

115. Quarter-Thistle Merk of 1602. Silver. Current value, 3^. 4(/. 

116. Eighth-Thistle Merk of 1602. Silver. Current value, i^. 8c/. 

117. Plack, a.d. 1583-1588. Billon. Current value, 8c/. 

118. Half-Plack, A.D. 1583-1588. Billon. Current value, 4r/. 

119. Hardhead, a.d. 1588-1589. Billon. Current value, 2c/. 



1 86 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 

120. Half-Hardhead, a.d. 1589. Billon. Current value, \d. 

121. Plack, a.d. 1593. Billon. Current value, \d. 

122. Two Penny Piece, a.d. 1597. Billon. 

123. Penny Piece, A.D. 1597. Billon. 

JAMES VI. AFTER HIS ACCESSION TO THE ENGLISH THRONE. 

A.D. 1603 — -1625. 

124. Unit, a.d. 1610-1625. Gold. Current value, ^^ 12. 

125. Double Crown, a.d. 1610-1625. Gold. Current value, £6. 

126. Britain Crown, a.d. 1610-1625. Gold. Current value, 48^'. 

127. Half-Crown, a.d. 1610-1625. Gold. Current value, 30^. 

128. Crown or Sixty Shilling Piece, a.d. 1610-1625. Silver. Current value, dos. 

129. Thirty Shilling Piece, a.d. 1610-1625. Silver. 

130. Twelve Shilling Piece, a.d. 1610-1625. Silver. 

131. Six Shilling Piece of 1612. Silver. 

132. Two Shilling Piece, a.d. 1605-1625. Silver. 

133. Shilling, a.d. 1605-1625. Silver. 

134. Sixpence, a.d. 1605-1625. Silver. 

135. Twopence, or Turner, a.d. 1623. Copper. 

136. Penny, a.d. 1623. Copper. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Coijis and Medals. 187 

CHARLES I. A.D. 1625— 1649. 

137. Unit, a.d. 1637. Gold. Current value, £12. 

138. Half-Unit, a.d. 1637. Gold. Current value, £6. 

139. Quarter- Unit, a.d. 1637. Gold. Current value, ^3. 

140. Eighth-Unit, A.D. 1637. Gold. Current value, 30^-. 

141. Shilling, a.d. 1636. Silver. Current value, 125. 

142. Sixpence, a.d. 1636. Silver. Current value, 6^. 

143. Crown, or Sixty Shilling Piece, a.d. 1637. Silver. Current value, 60^. 

144. Half-Crown, OR Thirty Shilling Piece, A.D. 1637. Silver. 

145. Twelve Shilling Piece, a.d. 1637. Silver. 

146. Six Shilling Piece, a.d. 1637. Silver. 

147. Half-Merk Piece, a.d. 1637-1642. Silver. Current value, 6^. Srt'. 

148. Ouarter-Merk Piece, a.d. 1637-1642. Silver. Current value, 3^. Jtd. 

149. Twenty Penny Piece, A.D. 1637-1642. Silver. 

150. Two Penny Piece, or Turner, a.d. 1632. Copper, 

CHARLES n. A.D. 1649— 1685. 

151. Four Merk Piece of 1673. Silver. Current value, 53^. ^d. 

152. Two Merk Piece of 1673. Silver. • Current value, 26s. Sd. 

153. Merk of 1673. Silver. Current value, I3.f. 4d. 

154. Half-Merk of 1673. Silver. Current value, 6s. 8d. 



Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



155. Two Penny Piece, or Turner, a. d. 1661-1668. Copper. 

156. Dollar OF 1681. Silver. Current value, 53^-. 4^. 

157. Half-Uollar OF 16S1. Silver. 

158. Quarter-Dollar of 1676. Silver. 

159. Eighth-Dollar of 1676. Silver. 

160. Sixteenth-Dollar of 168 i. Silver. 

161. Bawbee or Sixpenny Piece, of 1677. Copper. 

162. BoDLE OR Twopenny Piece, of 1677. Copper. 

JAMES VII. a.d. 1685—1688. 

163. Forty Shilling Piece of 1687. Silver. 

164. Ten Shilling Piece of 1687. Silver. These were the only two coins issued for 

currency during this reign, though all the denominations of current coins were 
authorized. 

ANNE. a.d. 1702 — 1714. 

165. Ten Shilling Piece of 1706. Silver. 

166. Five Shilling Piece of 1705. Silver. 

167. Crown of 1707. Silver. Current value, ^s. sterling. 

168. Half-Crown of 1707. Silver. 

169. Shilling of 1707. Silver. 

170. Sixpence of 1707. Silver. This is the last coinage struck for currency in Scotland ; 

it ceased with the Union of the Kingdoms on the 6th March, 1707. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Coiiis and Meclals. 189 



JAMES, PRINCE OF WALES, AS JAMES VIII. 
Pattern Coinage for 17 16. 

171. Pattern Guinea of 1716. Gold and Silver. 

172. Pattern Crown of 1716. Silver. The dies for these coins were engraved in France 

by Norbert Roettier previous to Prince James's departure for Scotland in 1716. No 
pieces appear to have been struck at the time, but the dies having come into the 
possession of Mr. Matthew Young in 1828, a few specimens were struck off, and 
the dies then defaced and deposited in the British Museum. 

173—181. Touch Pieces of the Stuarts from Charles II. to Prince Henrv, 
Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX). When the King performed the cere- 
mony of " touching," he put about the neck of each applicant a white ribbon with 
one of these pieces attached to it. They have on the obverse a ship in full sail 
and the King's name and titles, and on the reverse St. Michael slaying the Dragon 
and the inscription, SOLI deo gloria. The type was taken from a coin called 
the Angel, which was the piece previously used at this ceremony from the reign 
of Henry VII. to that of Charles I. At the Restoration, when the Angel was no 
longer issued as a current coin, Charles II. substituted these medalets in its place 
The specimens exhibited form a complete series, viz. of Charles II., in gold (two 
sizes); of James II., in gold and silver; of Anne, in gold; of Prince James 
Edward as James III., in gold and silver (executed by Hamerani at Rome); of 
Prince Charles Edward as Charles III., in silver ; and of Henrj^, Cardinal, 
Duke of York, as Henry IX., in silver. 

MEDALS.* 

182. Francis and Mary of Scotland. Counter, 1553. 

Obverse. — The letters F M united in monogram under a crown, and between two 
estoiles. Leg. dilicite . ivsticiam . 1553. Reverse. — Shield of Scotland crowned. 
Leg. DELiciE . DNI . COR . HVMILE. Size 1. 1 5 in. Silver. This piece is a counter, 
struck for the use of the Queen's household ; it has been considered a coin, and is 
the work of Nicolas Emery. Mary was not married to Francis till 21st 
October, 1538. 

* The descriptions and notes are chiefly taken from the Mcdallic Illustrations by Edward Hawkins, 
edited by A. W. Franks and H. A. Grueber, and published by the Trustees of the Briliih Museum. 



iQO Exhibition of the Royal Hotise of Stuart. 



183. Mary, Queen OF Scots. Counter, circ. 1553. 

Obverse. — The letter M crowned between two thistles also crowned. Leg. MARIA . 
DEI . G . SCOTOR . REGINA. Reverse. — Shield of Scotland crowned, &c., same as 
the preceding. Size I.i5in. Silver. This counter was issued at the same time 
and for the same purpose as the preceding. It is also the work of Nicholas Emery. 

184. Mary, Oueen of Scots. Medalet, 1560. 

Obverse, — Shield, crowned, of France, dimidiated, impaling Scotland and England 
quarterly. Leg. maria , d . G . francor . scOTOR . REG . ETC. Reverse. — Two 
crowns of different sizes, one over the other, between the earth and clouds, in which 
appears a third crown composed of stars. Leg. aliamqve . moratvr . 1560. Size 
1.35 in. Silver. This medalet contains obscure intimations of Mary's claims to the 
crown of England ; the word ETC. can scarcely refer to any other kingdom than 
England. Henry II. insisted upon Francis and his bride assuming the title and 
arms of King and Queen of England. 

185. Mary and Darnley. Marriage, 1565. 

Obverse. — Busts of Mary and Darnley face to face, both crowned ; he is in armour ; 
she in embroidered bodice ; beneath, 1565. Leg. MARIA and HENRIC . D . G . REGI 
and REX . SCOTORVM . m . in . thistle. Reverse. — Shield of Scotland, crowned 
between two thistles. Leg. Qvos . devs . coivnxit . homo . non . separet. Size 
i.6 in. Silver. The marriage of Mary with Darnley took place 29th July, 1565, and 
without waiting for the consent of her Parliament she conferred on him the title 
of King. 

186. Mary, Queen of Scots. Medallic Portrait by Jacopo Primavera, 1572. 

Obverse. — Bust of Mary to right, hair in small curls, wearing cap with long veil, ruff 
and gown buttoned to the throat. Leg. maria stovvar regi scoti angli 
lA primave. No reverse. Size 2.6 in. Bronze. This medal is not an original 
one, but cast from one. The date of the original medal is a little uncertain, but 
it was probably made about the same time as Primavera produced his medal of 
Elizabeth upon her recovery from small-pox in 1572. 

187. Mary, Queen of Scots, and Francis I. of France^ 1572 (.?). 

Obverse. — Bust of Mary to right, &c., same as the preceding. Leg. MARIA REG . 
SCOT . E . ANG, Reverse. — Bust of Francis I. of France in doublet and cap with 



NORTH GALLERY.] Coiiis and Medals. 191 



feather ; in right hand, glove. Leg. FRANCISCVS . primvs . d . g . francorvm. 
REX. Size 2.1 in. Silver. This piece is a "mule," i.e. made up of the obverses of 
two separate medals. The obverse appears to be of rather a later period than the 
preceding medal, from which it was copied. 

188. James VI. of Scotland. Marriage, 1590. 

Obverse. — Bust of James VI. to right, laureate, in armour. Leg. lACOBVS . 6 . D . 
G. R. SCOTORVM. w.;;z. crown. Reverse. — Thistle-plant crowned between I R, both 
crowned ; beneath, 6 . Leg. nemo . ME . IMPVNE . lacesset. m.m. quatrefoil. 
Size 1.6 in. Gold. This medal is cast and chased, and was probably issued upon 
the occasion of James's marriage, as it bears the date of his return to Scotland 
with his bride. 

189. James I. (VI). Coronahon at Westminster, 1603, 

Oi^T/^rj^.— Bust of James to right, laureate, in armour, &c. Leg. lAC : 1 : brit : 
C^ : avg : H^ : C^SARVM C/e d. D. Reverse. — Lion rampant to left crowned, 
holding beacon and wheatsheaf. Leg. ecce . phaos ; POPVLIQ' . salvs. Size 
1. 1 5 in. Silver. Struck for distribution at the King's coronation, 25th July, 1603. 
It is the first medal issued in England for that purpose. 

190. Anne of Denmark. Coronation, 1603. 

Obverse. — Bust of Anne towards left, in high lace ruff, hair jewelled, &c. Leg. 
anna . D' . G' . REGINA . MAG' . BRIT' . FR' . ET . HIB' . FILIA & SOROR 
REGV . DANliE. Reverse. — Shield of the Queen crowned. Leg. astvtia . fal- 
LAX : TVTIOR . INNOCENTIA. Size 1.15 in. Silver. Though commemorating the 
Queen's coronation in 1603, this medalet was probably not issued till 1604, as James 
did not abandon his title of Emperor till after the first session of his first 
Parliament, nor assume the title of King of Great Britain, at least upon his 
coins, before the 20th Oct. 1604. 

191. The Gunpowder Plot, 1605. 

Obverse. — Snake gliding amongst lilies and roses. Leg. detectvs . QVi . latvit . 
S . c . in.m. cinquefoil. Reverse. — The name of Jehovah in Hebrew, radiate, 
within a crown of thorns. Leg. NON DORMITASTI ANTISTES lACOBl. Size 1. 15 in. 
Silver and Bronze. Struck in Holland by order of the Senate to commemorate the 
discovery of the Gunpowder Plot. 



192 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stiiart. 



192. Henry, Prince of Wales. Death, 161 2. 

Obi/erse. — Bust of the Prince three-quarters to left, in armour and stiff lace collar. 
Leg. HENRicvs . . PRINCEPS . m.tn. Rose. Reverse. — Shield of the Prince with 
coronet ; above, celestial rays. Leg. fax . mentis . HONESTY . GLORIA. Size 
1. 15 in. Silver. Prince Henry died 6th November, 1612. The legend on the 
reverse was the motto which he adopted. 

193. Frederick, Count Palatine, and Princess Elizabeth. Marriage, 161 3. 

Obverse. — Bust of Frederick to right, in lace collar, armour and mantle : before 
his face, two right hands joined ; below, 1613. Leg. fridericvs D : G . COM . 
pal . r . S . ROM . imp . ELECTOR . DVX . BAVA. Reverse. — Bust of Elizabeth, 
full face, hair jewelled, in high ruff, rich gown, &c. Leg. ELISABETHA . d : g . 

COM . PAL . R . S. ELEC . INFANS . MAGN^E . BRITAN . D : B. Size 1. 5 by 

1.35 in. Silver. The marriage of the Elector Frederick with Princess Elizabeth 
took place on the nth February, 1612-13 ; the expenses of this marriage ^mounted 
to nearly ^100,000. 

194. Matriculation at Oxford of Prince Charles, i6i6. 

Obverse. — The Prince's plumes and motto. Reverse. — Rose, around it in two lines, 
SI . vis . omnia . svbiicere . svbiice . te . RATIONI. Size .75 in. Gold. When 
Prince Charles matriculated at Oxford he added to his signature the inscription on 
the reverse of this medalet. 

195. James I. Badge. 

Obverse. — Bust of James three-quarters to right, wearing hat with feather, rich 
doublet, cloak, falling lace collar, and the " George " suspended to ribbon. Leg. 
lACOBVS . D . G . MAG . BRITA . FR . ET . HI . REX. Reverse. — The Ark upon the 
sea ; above, rays issuing from clouds. Leg. stet . salvvs . IN . VNDIS . Size 
1.9 by 1.6 in. Silver. This is an honorary badge for presentation to court favourites, 
&c. The design on the reverse symbolizes the state of the nation after the 
disturbances occasioned by the Reformation. 

196. James I. and Charles, Prince of Wales. Engraved medal by Simon Passe. 

Obverse. — Bust of James nearly facing, in hat, lace collar, and robes and collar of 
the Garter. Leg. GIVE thy judgments o god unto the king. Reverse. — Bust 



II 



NORTH GALLERY.] Coins and Medals. i93 

of Charles three-quarters to right, head bare, in lace collar and doublet. Leg. AND 
THY RIGHTEOUSNESS UNTO THE KING'S SON. Size 1. 5 in. Silver. This piece 
is beautifully engraved, and is unique. It was made by Simon Passe shortly before 
the death of James L, and in style of work resembles the counters by that engraver 
with figures of the Sovereigns of England from Edward the Confessor to Charles L 

197. Charles L Coronation, 1626. 

Obverse. — Bust of Charles to right, crowned, in robes of the Garter, ruff, &c. ; below, 
N . B . (Nicholas Briot). Leg. carolvs . I . d . g . MAG . britan . fran . et . hib . 
REX. Reverse. — Arm issuing from clouds holds sword. Leg. donec . PAX . 
REDDITA . TERRIS. Below, CORON . 2 . FEBRV . 1626. Size 1.2 in. Silver. 
Executed by Nicholas Briot, and struck for general distribution at the King's 
coronation. The legend on the reverse is supposed to refer to Charles's deter- 
mination to support the United Provinces in their endeavour to estabhsh their 
independence. 

198. Birth of Prince Charles (IL), 1630. 

Obverse. — Four oval shields, radiate, united at their bases, bearing (i) France and 
England, (2) Scotland, (3) France, and (4) Ireland. Leg. hactenvs . anglorvm . 
nvlli. Reverse.— On an ornamented tablet, in . honor' . caro' . princ' . mag' . 
br' . fra' . ET* . hi' . NAT' . 29 MATi . 1630. Size I in. Gold. Charles was the 
first English Prince, i.e. born in England, who was entitled to bear these arms. 

199. Charles I. Dominion of the Sea, 1630. 

Obverse.— V>Vi^\. of Charles to right, in armour, cloak, and George of the Garter 
suspended to ribbon. Leg. CAROLVS . I . D . G . MAG . britanle . fran . ET . 
hib . REX. Behind bust, N. BRIOT. Reverse.— 'SiSxv^ in full sail. Leg. NEC . META . 
MIHI . QVI . TERMINVS . ORBI. Size 2.3 in. Silver. (Two specimens, one oval.) 
This medal was issued in assertion of the claims of England to the dominion of 
the sea in accordance with Charles's instructions to Sir William Boswell, Minister 
at the Hague, " We hold it a principle not to be denied, that the King of Great 
Britain is a Monarch at sea and land to the full extent of his dominions." 

200. Charles I. Scottish Coronation, 1633. 

Obverse.— '^Vi'iX of Charles to left, crowned, in robes and collar of the Garter, Leg. 
CAROLVS . D : G . SC0TI.« . ANGLl^E . FR . ET . HIB . R. Reverse.— Hl^iilX^ and 

N 



194 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



rose-tree combined. Leg. hinc . nostr.« . crevere . ROS^ ; below, CORON 
i8 . IVNII . 1633 . B . (Nicholas Briot) ; on the edge, ex . avro . vt . IN . SCOTIA . 
REPERITVR . BRIOT . FECIT . EDINBVRGI . 1633. Size I.I in. Gold and Silver. 
The inscription on the edge is placed on the silver specimen exhibited. The gold 
used for striking these pieces was chiefly found at Niddesdale and Clydesdale. 
Charles I. used to carry one of these gold medals in his pocket, for in the inventory 
of his pictures and rarities a specimen is described as " much worn in his Majesty's 
pocket." 

201. Charles I. Return from Scottish Coronation, 1633. 

Obverse. — Charles on horseback to left, truncheon in his right hand ; above, eye of 
Providence ; below, plumed helmet amidst flowers. Leg. carolvs avgvstiss' . 
ETiNviCTiss' . mag' . brit' . FRAN' . ET hib' . MONARCHA. 1633. Reverse. — Nx&w 
of London ; above, sun in clouds and E (Edinburgh). Leg. SOL orbem rediens 
SIC . REX ILLVMINAT VRBEM . Size 1. 7 in. Silver gilt. This medal was struck on 
the King's return to London after his coronation at Edinburgh, and was executed 
by Nicholas Briot. 

202. Children of Charles I., 1635. 

Obverse. — Half-length figures of Charles and Henrietta holding right hands. Leg. 

CARO . D . G . MA. BR . REX. ET . HEN . MARIA . REGINA. Reverse. — BustS 

of their three children, Charles, James, and Mary. Leg. REGIS . REGNORVM . 
popvliqve . SALVS . 1635. Size 1.25 in. Silver. This piece is by Nicholas Briot. 

203. Prince Charles installed a Knight of the Garter, 1638. 

Obverse. — Sheep sheltering beneath the tallest tree of a forest ; above, the Prince's 
coronet. Leg. SERis . factvra . nepotibvs . vmbram. Reverse. — Within the 
Garter, carol . m . b . regis . filivs . carol . princ . inavgvratvr xxii . 
MAll . M . D . c . xxxix . b . (N. Briot). Size, r2in. Gold. The idea of the 
artist was to compliment the young Prince by representing him as the future pro- 
tector of his people, as a young tree may become a shelter to flocks and herds. 

204. Prince Charles styled Prince of Wales^ 1638. 

Obverse — Bust of Charles L to left, crowned, in armour and mantle. Leg. carolvs . 
I . D . G . angl . scot . FR . ET . HIBER . REX. Below B . (N. Briot). Re- 
verse. — Prince Charles on horseback to right ; behind, his plume. Leg. illvst . 



NORTH GALLERY.] Coius and Medals. 195 



CAROLVS . PRINCEPS . WALLI^ . Below, two c's interlinked between branches 
of palm and olive. Size 1.25 in. Silver. When Charles was styled Prince of Wales 
in 1638 the whole profits of the Principality and the Earldom of Chester were 
granted to him, and he held his court apart from his father. 

205. Scottish Rebellion, 1639. 

Obverse. — Charles L on horseback to left, holding staff. Leg. CAROLVS . D . G . 
MAG . BRIT . FRAN . ET . HIB . REX . Below 1639. Reverse. — Hand from 
clouds holding cord uniting a rose and a thistle. Leg. QVOS . devs . Size 1.25 in. 
Silver. This medalet commemorates the extinction of the rebellion in Scotland in 
1639, when a pacification was concluded and thus the union of the rose and thistle 
was preserved. 

206. Marriage of William, Prince of Orange, and Princess Mary, 1641. 

Obverse. ^T\\&. Prince of Orange and Princess Mary joining hands ; distant view of 
a palace ; above, rays proceeding from a dove and cherubs holding wreaths above 
the heads of each ; behind the Princess, Albiontan getiuit Rex me sumviusque 
Monarcha Carolus, et Spotisam jne Jiibet esse Tuain. Behind the Prince, Princeps 
me Henricus genuit fortissimus heros Nasouicr, et Sponsum me Jubet esse tuum. 
Below, L^ondini desponsatt Wilhelm' et Maria. Alio 1641, 12 lifaj. Reverse. — 
William as Pallas attended by Victory receives olive branch from Mary in the 
character of Peace and attended by the genius of Holland, &c. Above, Bellonam 
Princeps Pallas Pedibus Terit, et Pax Floret., et Alma Ceres, Confert sacro A lite 
Fruges. ^aXow, Noni Imperii Atispicio Bono. J. Blitm^ Fe. Size 2.25 in. Silver. 
From this union sprang William III., Prince of Orange and King of England. 

207. Arrival of Princess Mary in Holland, 1642. 

Obverse. — Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, seated to left on a throne, tramples on 
prostrate foes, and holds a sword and a band with the shields of the Seven Provinces 
suspended : in the distance Prince William and his bride. Leg. liberjas patri^. 
ME defensore, triumphat, — insidiata nihil vis inimica nocet. Reverse. — A 
palace and a pleasure ground within a wattled fence: at the entrance, over which strides 
the Belgic Lion, Prince William receives his bride : above, the name of Jehovah in 
Hebrew, radiate, and two cherubs showering down wealth. Leg. QUO TE mars et 
amor vocat intra diva viretum — fructum hic libertas te genetrice 
feret. Size 2.9 in. Silver. Mary after her marriage remained in England, 

N 2 



196 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



but in the following year, on account of the dangers which threatened the Royal 
Family, she was requested by the States' Ambassador to proceed to Holland. 

208. Battle of Edgehill. 

Obverse. — Half-length figure of Charles I. in the robes of the Garter ; he rests one 
hand upon his hat lying on a table, with the other he holds his gloves. Leg. car . d . g. 
MAG . BRI . ERA . ET . HIB . REX. Reverse.— ¥J\r\g on horseback to right, wearing 
plumed hat and resting right hand on his truncheon ; above, genius with palm and 
wreath. Leg. honni . SOIT . QVi . mal . le . pans. Size 1.25 in. Electrotype. 
This medal was probably executed as a military reward for presentation to the 
Royal forces which took part in the battle of Edgehill, 23rd Oct. 1642. 

209. Prince Rupert. Badge, 1645. 

Obverse. — Bust of Prince Rupert, three-quarters to left, in armour, scarf, and medal 
of King Charles suspended to ribbon ;T truncheon in right hand. Reverse. — Three 
shields with the arms of the Prince ; in the field, R. P. Size 1.45 by r.2 in. 
Electrotype. This piece was probably intended as a military reward. At the 
commencement of the Civil War Charles appointed his nephew. Prince Rupert, 
General of the Horse. 

210. Death of Charles I., 1649. 

Obverse. — Bust of Charles to left in armour and cloak ; below R. (T. Rawlins). Leg. 
carolvs . d : g : mag : brit . fran : et . hib : rex . fidei . defensor. Reverse. 
— Rock buffeted by winds, waves, and thunderstorms. Leg. immota . trivmphans ; 
below, IAN. 30. 1648. RAWL. F. Size 1. 15 in. Silver. A memorial of the fortitude 
of Charles I. who is here likened to a rock unmoved, "that braves the raging 
tempest and the rising sea." 

211. Memorial of Charles I., 1649. 

Obverse. — Conjoined busts of Charles and Henrietta Maria to right ; he is in armour 
and wears George of the Garter attached to ribbon ; she is in high dress with bow 

in front. Leg. carolvs et MARIA D . G. MAG . BRITAN . FRANE ET HIBER . 

Rx ET Ra. Reverse. — A seven-headed monster rampant to right over the head of 
Charles, the crown and sceptre ; below, monogram of H. R. (Hans Rieger). Leg. 
HEV QV^NAM HiEC INSANIA VULGI. Size 3 in. Silver. This fine medal was 
made in Germany ; the many-headed monster symbolizes the variety of evil passions 
which agitated the people of England at this time. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Coins and Medals. 197 



212. Memorial of Charles L, 1649. 

Obverse. — Bust of Charles to right, in armour and cloak. Leg. carol . d . G . M . 
B . F . ET H . REX . & . GLOR -MEM. Reverse. — Hand from heaven holding a 
celestial crown ; below, a landscape with sheep feeding without a shepherd. Leg. 
VIRTVT . EX . ME . FORTVNAM . EX . ALUS. Size 1-35 in. Silver. This medal 
was made by John Roettier after the Restoration. Evelyn pronounced the king's 
portrait upon this medal as " incomparably the most resembling his serene 
countenance when fullest of princely vigour." 

.213. Charles I. and Henrietta Maria. Badge. 

Obverse. — Bust of Charles to right, crowned, wearing robes and collar of the 
Garter. Leg. CAROLUS . D. G. MAG. britan . fran . et . hib . rex . fi . d. 
Reverse. — Bust of Henrietta Maria to left in low dress, &c. Leg. henretta . 

MARIA . D . G . MAG . BRITAN . FRAN . ET . HIB . REG. Below T . RAWLINS . F. 

Size 1.85 by 1.55 in. Silver gilt. This and the following pieces are badges 
intended to be worn either openly about the person of friends and partizans of the 
Royal House as decorations conferred for services performed, or in secret as tacit 
memorials of the Royal cause, where an open avowal of such attachment would 
have been dangerous to the wearer. 

214. Charles L Badge. 

Obverse. — Bust of king to left, in armour. Reverse. — The royal shield within the 
Garter : ring for suspension. Size .9 by .8 in. Silver. 

215. Charles L Badge. 

Obverse. — Bust of Charles to right, crowned, in robes and collar of the Gartei, 
Leg. carolvs . d . G . ma . bri . ET . HIB . REX. Below T . R. (T. Rawlins.) 
Reverse. — Plain. Size 1.6 in. Silver. This piece usually has a ring for 
suspension. 

216. Charles I. Badge. 

A heart-shaped box, having on one side the bust of the King to left, crowned, 
between the letters c. R., and on the other side a crowned heart pierced by two 
arrows ; below, drops of blood. Silver. These boxes were made to contain either 
a portrait of the King in silver or some much treasured rehc. They were made in 
large numbers and in great variety of shapes. 



198 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 

217. Charles II. Coronation at Scone, 1651. 

Obverse. — ^MsX. of Charles II. to right, crowned, in ermine robes and collar of the 
Garter. Leg. carolvs . 2 . d . g . SCO . ang . fra . & hi . rex . Fi. de . 
cor . i. ia . Scon. 165 1. Reverse. — Lion rampant to left, holding a thistle in his 
paw. Leg. nemo . me . impune . lacesset. Size 1.2 in. Gold. This medal 
is always cast and is commemorative of the coronation of Charles II. by the Scots 
at Scone, Jan. i, 1651. 

218. Charles I. and Charles II., 1660. 

Obverse. — Bust of Charles I. three-quarters to right, m doublet, lace collar, &c. Leg. 
CAROLVS .D.I Reverse. — Bust of Charles II., facing, in doublet and broad ribbon 
with medal. Leg. carolvs . D. ll. The field on both sides is decorated with 
flowers. Size 2.7 in. Silver. This medal consists of two embossed plates, and was 
executed in Holland by Peter Van Abeele, probably at the time of Charles's departure 
from that country on his restoration to the throne of England. 

219. Charles II. Reward for Services, 1660. 

Obverse. — Bust of Charles, almost full face, in lace collar, armour, and chain around 
neck. Leg. carolvs . ii . d . g . mag . brit . fran . et . hib . rex. Reverse.— 
Three crowns within branches of palm and laurel. Leg. propter . STRENVITATEM . 
ET . fidelitatem . REBVS . IN . ADVERSIS. Size 2.95 in. Electrotype. This medal 
is unique, the original (in gold) being in the British Museum. It was given by 
Charles to some faithful and valued adherent " for zeal and fidelity in adversity," 
and the type of the reverse makes it very probable that the recipient was Colonel 
Careless, to whom the King chiefly owed his escape to France after the battle of 
Worcester. At the Restoration Careless was especially honoured by the change of 
his name to " Carlos," and by the grant of a coat of arms described in the 
patent as " upon an oak proper in a field or., a fess gules charged with three royal 
crowns of the seco?td.'' 

220. Charles II. Coronation, i66i. 

Obverse. — Bust of Charles to left, crowned in robes and collar of the Garter. Leg. 
carolvs . II . D : G : MAG : BRi : fra : ET . HI : REX . CORONATVS. Reverse.^ 
Charles as a shepherd tending his sheep. Leg. Dixi . cvstodiam . xxiil . APRIL 
1661. On edge, coronato . pastore . ovat . ovile. Size 1.3 in. Silver. Upon 
this medal the King is seen " Here like the people's pastor," promising to 

" Act the shepherd in a noble sphere, 
And take his nation into royal care." 



NORTH GALLERY.] Coiiis aiid Medals. 199 



221. Charles IL Dominion of the Sea, 1665. 

Obverse.—^w-A. of Charles to right, laureate in mantle ; below, Simon. Leg. carolvs 
II . D . G . M . BR . FR . ET . HIB . REX. Reverse. — Charles, seated in a naval car, 
drawn by four sea-horses ; fleet in the distance. Leg. ET . pontvs . SERVIET . 
1665. Size I.I in. Silver. This small and beautiful medal is supposed to be the 
last work of the eminent medallist, Thomas Simon ; it commemorates the great 
victory of the English over the Dutch off Lowestoft on the 3rd June, 1665. 

222. British Colonization, 1670. 

Obverse. — Busts conjoined of Charles II. and Catherine ; he is laureate and in 
armour ; she is in slight drapery. Leg. CAROLVS . ET . CATHARINA . REX . ET . 
regina. Reverse.— Gioh& with portions of all the four quarters. Leg. DIFFVSVS 
IN ORBE britannvs . 1670. Size 1.6 in. Silver. This medal alludes specially 
to the dowry of Queen Catherine, which laid the foundation of the British Empire 
in India ; and also to the extension of our Colonies in America. 

223. James II. Accession, 1685. 

Obverse. — Bust of James to right, laureate, in mantle, below G . B. (George Bower) F. 
Leg. lACOBVS . II . D . G . MAG . BRi . FRAN . ET . HI . REX. Reverse. — The British 
Crown on Chair of State, guarded by angel holding flaming sword and olive branch. 
Leg. TVTAMEN AB ALTO. Size 1.75 in. Silver. The angel symbolizes the divine 
protection of the throne, and the olive branch of peace is emblematic of the future 
reign of James. 

224. James II. Coronation, 1685. 

Obverse. — Bust of James to right, laureate, in armour'and mantle. Leg. iacobvs . ll . 
D . G . ang . SCO • FR . ET . HI . REX. Reverse. — Hand from clouds holding crown 
above wreath on cushion. Leg. A . MILITARI . AD . regiam. Below inavgvrat . 
23 . AP . 1685. Size 1.35 in. .Silver. James had distinguished himself before his 
accession as a naval and military commander, and he was now called upon to 
direct his attention to the functions of royalty. 

225. Mary of Modena. Coronation, 1685. 

Obverse. — Bust of Mary to right, laureate, and draped. Leg. MARIA D . G . ANG . 
SCO . FR . ET . HI . REGINA. Reve?'se. — The Queen seated to right on a mound 
wearing loose drapery. Leg. o . DE.A . CERTE. Size 1.35 in. Silver. Mary was 
distinguished for the graces of her person and bearing. 



200 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



226. James II. and Mary. Coronation, 1685. 

Obverse. — Bust of James to right, laureate, in armour and mantle. Leg. iacobvs . 
II . n . G . MAG . BRi . FRAN . ET . HIB . REX. Belovv G . B (G. Bower) F. Reverse. — 
Bust of Mary to right, laureate and draped. Leg. maria . d . G . MAG . BRi . fra . 
ET . HIB . REGINA. Size I.i5in. Silver. Probably made for distribution at the 
time of the Royal Coronation. 

227. James II. Opening of the Scottish Parliament, 1685. 

Obverse.— Bust of James to right, laureate. Leg. lACOBVS ll . D . G . mag : BRi : 
FRAN : ET HIB : REX. Reverse. — Lion couchant to right crowned with his paws upon 
the sceptre and crown. Leg. NEMO me impune lacesset. Below, mdclxxxv. Size 
1.9 in. Silver. The Scottish Parliament summoned by James assembled on the 
23rd April, 1685, the day of the King's coronation. The English Parliament did 
not meet till the 29th May foUowmg. 

228. Duke of Monmouth's Rebellion, 1685. 

Obverse. — Bust of Monmouth to right, hair long, in armour. Leg. lACOBUS dux 
MONUMET : FID : ET LIBERT : DEFENSOR. Reverse. — A Roman soldier attempting 
to tear open a lion's jaws. Leg. parum successit, feci sedulo. Below, 
MDCLXXXV. Size 1.95 in. Silver. This medal was made in Holland after the 
failure of Monmouth, who claimed the merit of attempting to be the defender of the 
faith and liberties of England. 

229. Duke of Monmouth. Defeat, 1685. 

Obverse. — Bust of Monmouth to right, hair long, in armour and cloalc Reverse. — 
Three crowns upon a rock in the sea : Monmouth falling in his attempt to seize 
them. Leg. svperi risere ivly . 6 . 1685. Size 2 in. Silver. This medal 
ridicules the attempt of Monmouth, who was defeated at Sedgemoor, 6th July, 1685. 

230. Duke of Monmouth. Defeat, 1685. 

Obverse.— V>\xs\. of Monmouth to right, in armour and cravat. L^g-. lACOBVS DVX 
monmovth. Reverse. — Three crowns placed upon a column erected amid military 
trophies ; Monmouth falling in his attempt to reach them. Above, providentia. 
Below, improvidentia. Size 1.7 in. Copper. This medal jeers at the Duke of 
Monmouth for improvidently attempting to seize the crowns which were protected 
by Providence. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Coifis and Medals. 201 



231. Duke of Monmouth Beheaded, 1685. 

Obverse. — Bust of Monmouth to right, hair long, in armour and mantle. Leg. 
lACOEVS Dvx MONVMETHENSIS G. BOWERS . F. Reverse. — Two infant genii 
amid clouds support a coronet over a cypher of iedm (James Edward, Duke of 
Monmouth). Leg. CAPVT . inter . nvbila. Size 2 in. Silver. As George 
Bower worked for the Court, it was probably in derision that he places the head 
of Monmouth in the clouds. 

232. Duke of Monmouth Beheaded, 1685. 

Obverse.— ^\xi\. of Monmouth to right. Leg. iacobus infelix dux monumeth- 
ensis. Reverse. — The Duke's head upon the ground spouting out blood. Leg. 

HUNC SANGUINEM LIBO DEO LIBERATORI. Below, CiESA CERVIX . LON : JULY, 

W 1685. Size 1.5 in. Silver. This medal is of Dutch work. It laments the fate 
of Monmouth, but intimates a hope that success would ultimately attend his cause : 
as he had insured success by devoting his life to God on behalf of his country. 

233. Monmouth and Argyle Beheaded, 1685. 

Obverse. — Bust of James H. on a pedestal, inscribed on base, aras ET sceptra. 
tuemvr, and to which is affixed the royal shield crowned ; the bust of the king rests 
on four sceptres ; in the distance, sea with ships, &c. Leg. lACOBVS ll. D. G. 
MAG . BRi . FRAN . ET . HIB . REX. On base of pedestal R . a . fec. (R. Aron — 
deaux fecit). Reverse. — On a pedestal inscribed, ambitio malesuada ruit, stands 
Justice holding sword and scales in which are three crowns overbalancing a sword, 
a torch, and a serpent. At her feet are the decapitated bodies of Monmouth and 
Argyle, whose heads are on blocks inscribed with their names. Above is the sun 
and clouds from which proceeds lightning darting against troops in flight ; on the 
right a view of the Tower with two heads over the gates. Size 2.4 in. Silver. 
Monmouth was beheaded in London, 15th July, 1685 ; and Argyle at Edinburgh, 
30th July following. 

234. Birth of Prince James, 1688. 

Obverse. — The young Prince, as an infant Hercules, in a cradle, strangling two 
serpents ; other serpents and reptiles on the ground. Leg. monstris . dant . 
FVNERA . CVN^. Reverse. — The Prince's plumes within a coronet. Leg. fvlta . 
tribvs . metvenda . CORONA. Below, 1688. Size 1.2 in. Silver. The monsters 
alluded to were the enemies of the King, whose opposition it was expected would 
be destroyed by the birth of the young Prince. The triple support of the coronet 
is the three feathers, i.e.^ the three Kingdoms. 



202 Exhtbition of the Royal House of Stuart. 

235. Birth of Prince James celebrated in Holland, 1688. 

Obverse. — Bust of James II. to left, laureate, in mantle. Leg. lACOBUS . 11 . D . 
G . britanniarum imperator. Reverse.— T\\t Queen in a tent bed nursing an 
infant. Leg. felicitaS PUBLICA. Below, OB . feliciss : M . BRlT : PRINC : 
nativ : 20 IVN : 1688 IG : VITUS EQ : B . c . marc : d'albyville et sa : ROM : 
IMP : APUD BAT : ableg : EXT : c . C. Size 2.35 in. Silver. This medal was 
struck by order of Ignatius White, Marquis d'Albeville, English Ambassador, at 
the Court of William III. of Orange, who gave a splendid entertainment to 
celebrate the birth of Prince James. 

236. Birth of Prince James commemorated in Denmark, 1688. 

Obverse. — Busts of James II. and Mary conjoined to right ; both are draped ; he 
is laureate. Leg. lACOBVS . ii . M . brit . rex . maria . m . brit . reg. 
Reverse.— yi^."^ of the British Isles ; sun rising and dispelling storm. Leg. ILLAS 

FVGAT . RECREAT ISTAS. Below, OB NATVM WALLI^ PRINCIPEM GAB . SILVIVS 
EQ . AVR . AD SER DANL« ET NORW . REG . ABL EXT CC MDCLXXXVIII. Size 

1.4 in. Silver. This medal was executed for distribution at a fete given by Sir 
Gabriel Wood, Ambassador at the Danish Court. 

237. Flight of James II. to France, 1689. 

Obverse.— ^M-iX. of James to left, laureate, in mantle. Leg. iacobus ii . d . G . 
britanniarvm IMPERATOR. Reverse. — The sun partially eclipsed by the moon ; 
below, sea with ships. Leg. ORBATA luce LUCIDUM OBSCURAT. Below, LUD : 
XIV GALL : rex ADMITTIT IAC : II . BRIT : REGEM fug : VII IAN : MDCLXXXIX. 

Size 2.35 in. Pewter. Louis XIV. adopted the sun as his emblem, and it is here 
represented as obscured by the dark fortunes of James, the moon. By the 
accession of William and ?vlary England became the head of the confederacy 
against Louis, whose sun was thereby obscured. 

238. Flight of James II. Ad:ministration offered to William of Orange, 1689. 

Obverse. — Bust of James to left, in bag-wig and draped. Lu:g. lACOBUS ll BRitan : 
REX FUGITIV. Reverse. — A large oak broken down : near it flourishes an orange 
tree. Leg. pro glandibus avrea poma. Below, post fugam regis delata 
regni administratio principi auria : 3 IAN : 1689. s . N (Jan Smeltzing of 
Nimeguen). Size 1.9 in. Silver. The British oak, i.e. the house of Stuart, is 
here represented as broken down and replaced by the orange tree, i.e. William 



NORTH GALLERY.] Couis and Mcdals. 203 

of Grange. This medal was made in Holland, hence the prominence given to 
William III. before Mary, who, after the flight of James II. and his family, came 
next in succession. 

239. William and Mary. Their Accession, 1689. 

Obverse. — Bust of William to right, laureate, wearing mantle. Leg. WILH . ill . D . 
G . ANG . SCO . FR . ET HIB . REX, DEF . FID. Reverse. — Bust of Mary to left, 
draped, &c. Leg. MARIA . D . G . ang . SCO . FR . ET . Hi . REGINA. Size 1.6 in. 
Silver. This is one of a large series of medals struck at the time of the accession 
of William and Mary, and bearing only their portraits. 

240. Prince James. His Rights Asserted, 1697. 

Obverse. — Bust of Prince to left, in armour and mantle. Leg. lACOBVS . walli^ . 
princeps. Reverse.— P^ ship in distress. Leg. 1697. iactatvr . NON . 
mergitvr . VNDIS. Size 1.75 in. Silver. This and the following two medals 
were struck at the time of the treaty of Ryswick, when James II. in vain attempted 
to have his cause advocated. 

241. Prince James. His Rights Asserted, 1697. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Prince to left ; below, N . R. (Norbert Roettier.) Leg. lAC . 
wallIjE princeps. Reverse. — a. mine exploding at the corner of a bastion. Leg. 
QVO . compressa . magis ; below, 1697. Size i in. Copper. This medalet foretells 
the future success of the cause of the Stuarts. 

242. Prince James. His Rights Asserted, 1697. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Prince, &c., as on the preceding. Reverse. — The sun partially 
eclipsed above the sea. Leg. clarior . E . tenebris ; below, 1697. Size i in. 
Silver and Copper. The treaty of Ryswick confirming the exclusion of James and 
his heirs from the throne of England eclipsed theii brilliancy, but made their 
equanimity and patience shine the brighter. These and other medalets of a similar 
kind were made in large numbers in France and sent over to this country for 
distribution. 

243. James II. and Prince James, 1699. 

Obverse. — Bust of James II. to right.- Leg. iacobvs . ii . d . g . m . b . f . et . H . 
REX ; below, 1699. Reverse. — Bust of Prince James to left, draped. Leg. lAC . 
WALLi^ . PRINCEPS. Size 1.4 in. Silver. There does not appear to have been 



204 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 

an especial reason for issuing this and the following two medals at this time. They 
were probably made for presents to those adherents who visited the king in his 
retirement. 

244. Succession of Prince James, 1699. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Prince to left, in armour. Leg. lAC : walll^ . princeps . 
Below, N . R . (N. Roettier). Reverse. — Sun rising over sea disperses clouds and 
demons. Leg. SOLA . LVCE . fvgat. Below, 1699. Size 1.05 in. Silver. This 
medalet ascribes to the Prince the power of dispersing by his appearance alone the 
clouds and noxious vapours which obscured the atmosphere of his royal house. 

245. Succession of Prince James, 1699. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Prince as on the preceding. Reverse. — A cornucopia. Leg. 
PAX . voBis. Below, 1699. Size 1.05 in. Silver. The reverse type expresses the 
benefits which England would enjoy by the restoration of James II., and by his son's 
succession. 

246. James III. Protection of Louis XIV., 1704. 

Obverse. — Bust of James to left ; below, N . R (N. Roettier). Leg. lAC . ill . D . G. 
MAG . BRIT . REX. Reverse. — Sun, above sea, dispelling clouds. Leg. viRTUS . 
MOX . NUBILA . PELLET. Below, 1704, Size i.i in. Silver. This is the earliest 
medal giving James's regal titles. He was under the protection of Louis XIV., who 
in the form of the sun, his emblem, may be said to be dispelling the clouds, which 
obscured James's prospects. 

247. Union of England and Scotland, i May, 1707. 

Obverse. — Bust of Anne to left, crowned, in gown and collar and George of the 
Garter ; below. I.e. (John Croker). Leg. anna . d . G . MAG . BRI . FR E T 
HIB . REG. Reverse. — On a pedestal the royal shield crowned ; on either side the 
supporters, the Lion and the Unicorn, with shield. Leg. Maii . I . MDCCVll. 
Size 1.85 in. Silver and Copper. The act of Union between England and Scotland 
received the Royal Assent on the 6th March, 1707, and came into operation on the 
1st May following. 

248. Union of England and Scotland, i May, 1707. 

A medalet in silver, similar in type to the preceding : probably intended for use as 
a counter. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Colns and Medals. 205 



249. James III. Restoration of Kingdom, 1708. 

Obverse. — Bust of James to right, laureate, in armour and mantle ; below N. R. 
(N. ■ Roettier). Leg. CVIVS . est. Reverse. — Map of the British Isles. Leg. 
REDDITE. Size 1.5 in. Silver. This medal is addressed to the adherents of the 
House of Stuart, caUing upon them to restore the kingdom to him to whom it 
belongs. It was struck just before the attempted invasion of Scotland in this year. 
It was one of these medals which in 1711 the Duchess of Gordon presented to the 
faculty of Advocates in Edinburgh, and which was gratefully acknowledged in a 
speech by Dundas of Arniston, who was deputed for the purpose. The act was 
subsequently disavowed by the Advocates, and an apology accepted ; but on the 
remonstrance of the Court of Hanover Sir David Dalrymple was dismissed from 
the office of Lord Advocate for not prosecuting with more vigounthe enquiry he 
was commanded to make into this display of Jacobitism. 

249*. James III. Restoration of Kingdom, 170S. 

A medalet similar to the preceding, but the bust of James is to the left. Size r.2 in. 
Silver and Copper. 

250. James III. Restoration of Kingdom, 1708. 

Obverse. — Bust of James to left, &c., similar to the preceding. Reverse. — Inscrip- 
tion, THVLE — HIC VIR HIC EST TIBI QVEM PROMITTI SAEPIVS AVDIS . lACOBVS 
CAESAR . DIVI GENVS AVREA RVRSVS, SECVLA QVI REDDET SCOTIS. Size 2 in. 
Pewter. This medal was struck when some hopes were entertained that in Scotland 
at least the Stuart family would again be placed upon the throne. The lines on 
the reverse are adapted from Virg. y£"«. vi. 792 — 794. 

251. Attempted Invasion of Scotland, 1708. 

Obverse. — Bust of Anne to left, in gown and mantle; below, l . c. (J. Croker.) 
Leg. ANNA . D : G : mag : bri : fra : et . hib : reg. Reverse.— ^x\\.2j\va?^ 
protecting Scotia, who crouches at her feet : in the distance the French fleet fleeing 
before the English fleet. Leg. classe . gal . FVG. Below, ad . fretvm . 
EDENBVRG . XIV . MARTll . MDCCVlli. s . B. (S. Bull). Size 1. 55 in. Copper 
The fleet which Louis XIV. provided for the invasion of Scotland in 1708 sailed 
for the Firth of Forth, but took to flight as soon as the English fleet came in sight; 
the Salisbury, an English prize, however, was captured. 



2o6 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 

252. Attempted Invasion of Scotland, 1708. 

Obverse. — Bust of Anne to left, draped. Leg. anna . d . g . MAG . BR . fr . et . 
HlB . regina. Below, H (G. Hautsch.) Reverse. — The French fleet fleeing before 
the English fleet. Leg. fvgere non fallere trivmphis. Below, gallorvm . 

CONATVS . IN . SCOTIAM . ANNAE . M . VIGILANTIA . ELVSI . MDCCIIX. Size 1.6 in. 

Silver. This medal illustrates the chasing of the French squadron by Byng after 
its escape from the Firth of Forth and on its flight to the north. 



253. Claim of James III., 1710. 

Obverse. — Bust of James to left ; below N . R. (N. Roettier.) Leg. dominum . COG- 
NOSCITE VESTRUM. Reverse. — Landscape, sheep feeding. Leg. cognoscunt . 
ME . ME.«. Below, 1710. Size 1.2 in. Silver. In i7ioan invasion of Scotland 
was meditated, and this piece is specially addressed to those who still supported 
James's claims to the English throne. 

254. James III. and his Sister, Princess Louisa, 1712. 

Obvej'se. — Bust of James to left in armour and mantle ; below N . R . (N. Roettier.) 
Leg. lACOBVS . Ill . D . G . M . B . f . et . H . REX. Reverse.— ^\ist of Princess 
Louisa to left in mantle ; below N . R. (N. Roettier) 17 12. Leg. princeps . LVD . 
SER . M . B . REGIS . SOROR. Size, 2.05 in. Silver and Copper. A memorial of 
Princess Louisa, who died at St. Germain's i8th April, 1712. The obverse type 
occurs on several other medals of James. 

256. James III. and his Sister, Princess Louisa, 17 12. 

A medalet similar to the preceding, but of smaller size, 1.2 in. Silver, 

256. Battle of Sheriffmuir or Dunblane, 1715. 

Obverse — Bust of George I. to right, laureate, in armour and cloak. Leg. GEORGIVS . 
D . G . MAG . BR . FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. Reverse. — Victory with sword and 
palm rapidly pursuing a body of fleeing cavalry. Leg. PERIURII . ULTRIX. Below 
AD . DVNBLAINVM . 13 . NOV . 1715. Size 1.8 in. Silver. In this battle the Earl 
of Mar commanded for the House of Stuart, and the Duke of Argyle the forces of 
George I. As the Earl of Mar and many of his officers had made strong professions 
of allegiance, they .are here accused of perjury. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Coiiis and Medals. 207 



257. Preston Taken, 1715. 

Obverse. Bust of George L to right, &c., as on the preceding. Reverse. — A trophy 
of arms, captives seated at base. Leg. fides . militvm. Below rebell . ad . 
PRESTON . CAPT . 13 . NOV . 1715. Size 1.8 in. Silver. General Macintosh 
defended Preston for the Stuarts most vigorously, but was ultimately reduced to an 
unconditional surrender on the same day as the battle of Sheriffmuir took place. 

258. Attempts of James III. to recover the English Throne in 1708 and 1716. 

Obverse. — Bust of James to right in armour and mantle. Leg. nihil efficiens. 
Reverse. — Map of Great Britain marked with dates of 1708 and 17 16, &c. 
Leg. bis . venit . vidit . NON . viciT . FLENSQVE RECESSIT. Size 1. 25 in. Silver. 
This medal indicates with ridicule the two ineffectual attempts of James to place 
himself upon the throne of England in March, 1708, and in February, 1716. 

259. The Act of Grace, 17 17. 

Obverse. — ^Bust of George L to right, in armour and mantle ; below I . c . (j. 
Croker). I^eg. GEORGIVS . D . G . MAG . BR . FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. Reverse. — 
A winged female figure. Clemency, leaning upon a column, and with a caduceus 
touches the head of a serpent. Leg. clementia . AVGVSTl. Below MDCCXVli. 
Size 1.8 in. Silver. On the 15th July, 1717, an Act of Grace and Free Pardon 
towards all who had been engaged in the late rising in Scotland, having passed 
both Houses of Parliament, recei\ed the Royal Assent. 

260. Princess Clementina. Her Escape from Innspruck, 1719. 

Obverse. — Bust of Clementina to left, in low gown, bordered with jewels, ermine 
mantle, &c. ; below otto . hamerani . F. Leg. Clementina . m . britan . 
FR . ET . HIB . REGINA. Reverse. — Clementina in a car drawn at speed by two 
horses ; in the distance, Rome and the rising sun. Leg. fortvnam . cavsamqve . 
SEQVOR. Below, DECEPTis . CVSTODIBVS . MDCCXix. Size 1. 9 in. Silver. 
Princess Clementina Sobieska, grand-daughter of John Sobieski, king of Poland, 
was betrothed to Prince James Stuart (James HI.), and was arrested on her way to 
Italy by the Emperor Charles VI., who placed her in confinement in the castle of 
Innspriick. Having deceived the guards, she escaped in male attire and flew to 
Bologna, where she was married by proxy to James, who was at that time in Spain. 
Her father. Prince James Louis Sobieski, approved her escape, declaring that as 
she was engaged to Prince James she ought to "follow his fortune and cause." 



2o8 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



261. Marriage of James III. and Princess Clementina, 17 19. 

Obverse. — Busts conjoined to right of James and Clementina ; he is in armour, cloak, 
and ribbon across the breast ; she is draped ; below, hameran. (Otto Hamerani.) 
Leg. iacob . Ill . R . CLEMENTINA . R. Reverse. — Hercules leaning on his 
club, takes the hand of Venus, holding a glove and attended by Cupid with 
caduceus. Leg. regivm connvbivm. Below, kal . September . mdccxix. Size 
1.6 in. Silver and Copper. James appears as Hercules reposing after his perils, 
and Clementina as Venus holding a flower, the emblem of hope and affection. The 
caduceus in the hand of Cupid refers to the rapid flight of Clementina from 
Innspriick. 

262. Marriage of James HI. and Princess Clementina, 1719. 

Obverse. — Bust of James to right in scale armour, cloak, &c. lACOBVS . ill . D . G . 
M . B . F . ET . H . rex. Reverse. — Bust of Clementina to left, in low gown, bordered 
with jewels, ermine mantle, &c. ; below, otto hamerani. Leg. CLEMENTINA . 
magnae . britanniae . et . c . REG. Size 1.9 in. Silver. This medal was 
struck at the time of their marriage, which was confirmed at Rome 21st 
August, 1 7 19. 

263. Birth of Prince Charles Edward, 1720. 

Obverse. — Busts conjoined to right of James and Clementina, &c., as on No. 262. 
Reverse. — A female figure, Providentia, leaning on column, holds a child in her 
arms, and points to a globe before her, on which are represented the British Isles. 

L^g. providentia OBSTETRIX. Below, CAROLO . PRINC : VALLI^ . NAT : DIE . 

vltima . A : MDCCXX. Size, 1.6 in. Silver. The column is intended to indicate 
the fortitude of the Stuart family, and the globe bears the names of the countries 
which it would be the future object of the Prince to attain. 

264. Birth of Prince Charles Edward 1720. 

Obverse.— ^Vii\.'=> conjoined to right of James III. and Clementina ; he is laureate 
and wears armour and cloak ; she is draped. Leg. lAC . ill . ET . clem . d . G . 
MAG . BRIT . REG. Reverse. — Female figure, facing, holding child. Leg. SPES 

BRITANNIA. Below, CAR . WALL . PR . NATUS DIE VULT . A . 1720. Size I.75 in. 

Copper. This medal was executed by Norbert Roettier and presented to those 
who visited the young Prince shortly after his birth. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Coins and Medals. 209 



265. James III.'s Appeal against the House of Hanover, 1721. 

Obverse. — Bust of James to right, in scale armour and mantle. Leg. VNICA SALVS 
Reverse. — The Hanoverian Horse trampling upon the Lion and the Unicorn . 
Britannia seated weeping, fugitives carrying off their goods, and London in the 
distance. Leg. QVID . GRAVIVS . CAPTA. Below, mdccxxi. Size 2 in. Silver. 
Great efforts were made in this year secretly to raise troops and to supply arms 
to those who supported James's cause in Britain. This medal was made by Otto 
Hamerani for distribution in this country. 

266. Prince Charles Edward and Prince Henry, 1729. 

Obverse. — Bust of Prince Charles to right, in armour and mantle ; before his face a 
star. Leg. micat . INTER . OMNES. Reverse. — Bust of Prince Henry to left, in 
figured breast-plate and ribbon across the breast. Leg. alter . AB . ILLO. 
Below, H. (o. hamerani). Size 1.65 in. Silver and Copper. The star before 
the face of Charles intimates his princely origin and the legend on the reverse 
Prince Henry's claim to the throne of England as next in succession. 

267. Prince Charles Edward and Prince Henry, 1729. 

Obverse. — Bust of Prince Charles to right, in armour and ermine mantle, &c. Leg.- 
HVNC . SALTEM EVERSO . IVVENEM. Reverse. — Bust of Prince Henry to right, in 
armour, mantle with fur, &c. Leg.— triplicis . SPES tertia gentis. Size 
1.8 in. Silver. This medal expresses a hope that the elder son at least might be 
permitted to succeed to his father's kingdom. Prince Henry following his father 
and brother was the third hope of the triple kingdom of Britain. 

268. Medallion of Princess Clementina, 1732. 

Obverse.— Bust of Clementina to right, in low gown. Leg. Clementina d : gra : 
PR : mag : BRIT : FR et POL . /ET . SV/E XXX. No reverse. Size 3.55 in. Steel 
with brass rim. This fine medallion is unique, and is the work of Otto Hamerani. 
It was probably a birthday memorial. 

269. Death of Princess Clementina, 1735. 

Obverse.— "S>\x'=,\. of Pope Benedict XIV. in Pontifical robes. Leg. bened . xiv. 
PONT . M . A . III. Reverse. — The monument of the Princess Clementina in St. 
Peter's, at Rome. Leg. memorise . M . clem . M . BRIT . regiN/E. Size 1.35 in. 

O 



2IO Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



Silver. The monument in St. Peter's to Clementina was erected by order of Pope 
Clement XII. It was, however, not completed till 1742, when his successor 
Benedict XIV. caused this medal to be struck. 

270. Arrival of Prince Charles Edward expected, 1745. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Prince to right; below, 1745. Leg. CAROLUS valli^ 
princeps. Reverse. — Britannia standing on the seashore waits the arrival of an 
approaching fleet. Leg. amor et spes. Below, Britannia. Size 1.65 in. 
Silver and Copper. This medal was struck just before Charles's departure from 
France for Scotland in 1745, ^^^d freely circulated amongst his adherents at home. 
Again in 1748 Charles caused this medal to be largely distributed in France and 
upon the Prince de Conti remarking to him one day that he was surprised at the 
type of the medal, as the British Navy was no very good friend to him, he replied, 
" That may be, but I am nevertheless the friend of the fleet against all its enemies. 
The glory of England I shall always regard as my own, and her glory rests on her 
navy." 

271. Arrival of Prince Charles Edward expected, 1745. 

A medalet similar to the preceding, but smaller. Size 1,2 in. Silver. 

272. Medalet of Prince Charles Edward, 1745. 

Obverse, — Bust of Prince Charles to right. No reverse. Size .4 by .35 in. Gold. 
This piece is intended to be set in a ring, and was struck about the time of 
Prince Charles's arrival in Scotland. 

273. Arrival of Prince Charles Edward, 1745. 

Obverse. — The Prince standing to left in Highland costume, his right hand 
extended ; before him an attendant with his target. Leg. carolus princeps. 
Reverse. — Fame flying to left bears crown and trumpet with label inscribed, SUUM 
CUIQUE. Size 1.4 in. Copper. An ill-executed but very rare medal. The reverse 
type is in the spirit of a song of the time — 

" Our King shall hae his ain again. 
And Charlie is the man.'' 

274. Loyal Association, 1745. 

Obverse. — A general on horseback reviewing troops. Leg. pro C^sare pro. 
ARIS & POCIS {sic). Below, novr . iv . mdccxlv. Reverse. — Pallas overthrow- 



NORTH GALLERY.] Coins and Medals. 211 



ing giants ; above, Jupiter seated in clouds. Leg. QUID CONTRA SONANTEM pal- 
LADIS yEGlDA POSSUNT RUENTES . T . PINGO . F. Size 1.6 in. Silver. This medal 
was struck by one of the Associations formed to repel the French invasion of 1745. 

275. Carlisle Taken, 1745. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Duke ot Cumberland to right, in brocaded coat. Leg. GUL . 
DUX . CUMB : DELICI^ . MILITUM. On a band below, natvs . 15 . APR : 1721. 
Reverse. — The Duke as a Roman warrior, attacks the Hydra ; Carlisle in the 
distance. Leg. pro . patre . et . patria. Below, reb : ex . ANG . PUL . et . 
CARL : redactum . DEC . 1 745. Size 1.4 in. Silver. When Prince Charles 
Edward retreated to Scotland he left a garrison at Carlisle which surrendered to the 
Duke of Cumberland, 30th Dec, 1745. As all the medals relating to the attempt 
of Prince Charles Edward to recover the throne of England for his father in 
1745-6, were made in this country, they are in many instances of a satirical nature 
and the adherents of the Prince are called rebels. 

276. Carlisle Taken, 1745. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Duke of Cumberland to right, in brocaded coat. Leg. WILL : 
duke : CUMB ; BRITISH : HERO. On a band below, BORN . 15 . APR : 1721. 
Reverse.— ^\\(t Duke on horseback directs a soldier to conduct two Highlanders to 
the rear. Leg. rebellion : iustly : rewarded. Below, at . carlile . DEC : 
1745. Size 1.35 in. Copper. This and the following piece were made by Mr. 
Pinchbeck, toyman, for sale in the streets. They are of coarse workmanship. 

277. Retreat of Prince Charles Edward, 1745. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Duke of Cumberland to left, in armour. Leg. HIS royal 
HIGHNESS, WILLIAM DUKE OF CUMBERLAND. Reverse. — The army of Prince 
Charles in retreat. Leg. the pretender's LAST SHIFT OR rebel's race for 
life: 1745. Size 1.35 in. Copper. 

278. Retreat of Prince Charles Edward, 1745. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Duke of Cumberland to right in armour, and ribbon across 
the breast. Leg. GULIELMVS . DVX . CVMBRI^E . T . PiNGO . F. Reverse. — .A. lion 
overcoming a wolf. Leg. IVSTITIA . trivmphans. Below, mdccxlv. Size 13 in. 
Silver. The legend on the reverse is a retort upon Prince Charles,, who had 
inscribed upon his standard, " Tandem Triumphans." 

02 



212 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



279. Retreat of Prince Charles Edward, 1745. 

Obverse. — The Duke of Cumberland on horseback : Carlisle in the distance. Leg. 

GUL : AUG : DUX CUMBERLANDI^. Below, NAT . 15 . APR . 172I. A . KIRK . F. 

Reverse. — The Duke as a Roman warrior presenting olive-branch to Anglia ; at 
her feet a fallen warrior, &c. Leg. SPEM redvcis mentibus anxiis. Below, 
MDCCXLV . I . KIRK . F. Size 1.3 in. Copper gilt. After the capture of Carlisle 
the Duke returned to London ; he is, therefore, here represented as comforting 
Anglia. 

280. Return of the Duke of Cumberland to London, 1745. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Duke of Cumberland, three quarters left, in hat, military- 
coat, &c. Leg. GUL : AUG: DUX : cumbri/E . I . kirk . f. Reverse.— Q,&Q)xgQ IL 
rising from his throne and receiving the Duke who presents him with mural crowns. 

Leg. QUID NON pro PATRIA. Below, ANG : lib : REB : MDCCXLV . I . KIRK F. 

Size 1.6 in. Silver. The mural crowns are emblematic of the cities from which 
the Duke has driven out his father's enemies. 

281. Battle of Culloden, 1746. 

Obverse.— ^Miti of the Duke of Cumberland to left in militar}' coat, breastplate &c., 
on shoulder. WOLFF . F. Leg. GUL : DUX . cumbri^e. Below, on band, PRO . 
PATRIA . NA : XV . AP : MDCCXXI. Reverse.— '"JiQw of the battle-field : in the fore- 
ground the Duke on horseback commanding. Leg. hor^ MOMENTO. Below, 
COMPRESSUS . FUROR . CIVILIS . AD . CULLODEN . APR ; XVI . MDCCXLVL Size 
1.6 in. Silver. The reverse of this medal gives rather minute details of the battle, 
the position of the troops, &c. The legend alludes to the short duration of the 
fight. 

282. Battle of Culloden, 1746. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Duke of Cumberland facing, in armour, ermine mantle, &c. ; 
on shoulder 1 . kirk . F. Leg. GUL : AUG : dux CUMBRI/e. Reverse. — The 
Duke on horseback riding over prostrate foe with triple heads of Louis XV. of France, 
the Pope and a Scot : in the distance view of Culloden House. Leg. per magnan- 

IMITATEM . ET . DUCTUM. Below, SCO : REB : EXPVGNAVIT . PALUD . CULLODEN. 

16 . AP : MDCCXLVi . I . KIRK . F. Size 1.7 in. Silver. Near Culloden house, the 
residence of Duncan Forbes, was a morass which protected the Duke's right wing 
of his arm v. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Coins and Medals. 213 



283. Battle of Culloden, 1746. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Duke of Cumberland to right, in armour, Hon's skin, &c. ; on 
shoulder, i . kirk . f. Leg. gulielmus . dux . cumbri^. Reverse. — Fame 
bearing olive branch and trumpet with flag inscribed venit VIDIT VINCIT, flies over 
the globe. Leg. insula . chara . deis . heroum . inclyta . mater ; below, 

16 AP . I . DIE . 26 . ANNI . ^T . SU^ . REB . CULLODENICIS . CAMPIS . DOMUIT . 

VIGILANTIA . SUA . MDCCXLVI. Size 1. 4 in. Silver. The battle of Culloden was 
fought on the first day of the Duke's tv/enty-sixth year ; it was owing to his great 
activity that the battle was so decisive and quickly won. 



284. Battle of Culloden, 1746. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Duke of Cumberland to right, in armour ; on shoulder, M . 

HOLTZHEY . FEC. Leg. GVIL . CVMBERL . DVX EXERCIT . M . BRIT . IMP. Reverse. 

— The Duke as a Roman general crowned by Victory tramples on foe ; at his feet 
kneel supphant Highlanders ; distant view of the enemy fleeing and of Inverness. 

lueg. RESTITVTORI QVIETIS ; below, REBELL . AD INNERNIVM (Inverness) DEVICT . 

MDCCXLVL Size 1.65 in. Silver. This medal was made at Amsterdam. Culloden 
is about eight miles from Inverness. 

285. Battle of Culloden, 1746. 

Obverse. — The Duke of Cumberland on horseback ; in the distance, city. L^eg. 
will : duke CUMBERLAND ; below, BORN . 15 . AP . 1721. Reverse.— Ih^ Duke 
commanding at battle ; the enemy fleeing before infantry and cavalry. Leg. 

REBELLION JUSTLY REWARDED ; below, CULLODEN . 16 . AP . 1 746. Size 1. 65 in. 

Silver. This was probably intended to be worn as a badge in memory of the 
battle. 



286. Battle of Culloden, 1746. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Duke of Cumberland to right, in armour and fur mantle ; on 
shoulder, R . yeo . F. Leg. gulielmus . geor .11 . R . fil . dux . cumbri^. 
Reverse. — The Duke as Hercules tramples upon Discord and raises Britannia ;• 
beiow, perdvellib . ex . ang . fvgat . ad cullod . debellat . 16 . apr . 1746 . 
Size 2 in. Silver. This is the finest of the Culloden medals. Richard Yeo who 
made it was afterwards chief engraver to the Mint. 



214 Exhibition of the Royal House of St 211114. 



287. Battle of Culloden, 1746. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Duke of Cumberland to right, not draped ; below, YEO . F. 
Leg. CUMBERLAND. Reverse. — Apollo laureate, leaning upon his bow, points to the 
Dragon wounded by his arrow. Leg. actum . EST . ilicet . periit ; below, 
PRCEL . COLOD . AP . XVI . MDCCXLVL Size 1-75 by 1.45 in. Silver and Copper. This 
medal has a ring for suspension, and was probably given to officers who were 
present at the battle. Apollo is the Duke of Cumberland, and the Dragon is the 
enemy overthrown by the battle of Culloden. 

288. Battle of Culloden, 1746. 

Obverse. — The Duke of Cumberland on horseback to right : distant battle. Leg. 
GUL : AUG : DUX . CUM : terror . REB . 1 746. No reverse. Size 1.4 in. Copper. 
This piece has also a loop, and was issued for general distribution after the battle of 
Culloden. 

289. SURRENDER OF THE HIGHLANDERS, 1746. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Duke of Cumberland to right, in armour. Leg. GVLIELMVS . 
DVX . CVMBRI^. Reverse. — A Highlander with hat off kneeling suppliantly before 
the crowned Lion of England, rampant. Below, 1746. Size 1.25 in. Copper. 
This and the following pieces are of coarse work, and were made for sale in 
the streets. 

290. Execution of Highlanders, 1746. 

Obverse. — The Duke of Cumberland on horseback, to left. Leg. duke OF CUMBER. 
Reverse. — Executioner hanging a rebel ; two others suppliant before another 
executioner holding ropes. Leg. MORE REBELS A COMEING. Size 1.3 in. Copper. 

291. Failure of Prince Charles Edward, 1746. 

Obverse. — The Duke of Cumberland on horseback, as on the preceding. Reverse. — 
Prince Charles attempting to snatch the crown from the top of a column is seized 
and pulled back by the Duke of Cumberland, who runs his sword through his body. 
Leg. COME BACK AGAIN. Below, PRETENTER. Size 1. 3 in. Copper. 

292. Prince Charles Edward and the Treaty of Aix La Chapelle, 1749. 

Obverse. — A Highlander with drawn sword and shield inscribed, QUIS CONTENDAT 
MECUM. L^g. NULLUM NON MOVEBO LAPIDEM UT ILLUD ADISPISCAR, 1749. 

Reverse. — An expanded white rose. Leg. mea res agitur. Size 1.25 in. Copper. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Coifis and Medals. 215 



This medal was made shortly after the Treaty of Aix La Chapelle, by which 
Louis XV. acknowledged the right of George IL to the British throne, and pledged 
himself not to permit any member of the Stuart family to reside within his territory. 

293. The Claims of the Stuarts asserted, 1750. 

Obverse. — Bust of Prince Charles to right. Leg. PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD 
STUART. Reverse. — Prince Charles approaching Scotia ; behind her, a pedestal 
decorated with the Thistle and surmounted by the Unicorn ; in the distance ships 
and castle. Leg. semper armis nunc et industria. Size 2 in. Copper. This 
medal is probably a sequel to the preceding one, as it declares Charles's determina- 
tion to prosecute his cause by force of arms and with vigour. It was made by 
Thomas Pingo at the same time as the following one. 

294. Prince Charles Edward. The "Oak Medal," 1750. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Prince to right. Reverse. — A leafless hollow tree, from the 
roots of which springs a flourishing young sapling. Leg. revirescit. Below 1750. 
Size 1.35 in. Silver and Copper. This is a partisan medal privately made by 
Thomas Pingo at the expense of a society that met at the " Crown and Anchor," 
opposite to St. Clement's Church in the Strand. 

295. Visit of Prince Charles Edward to London, 1752. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Prince to right. Leg, REDEAT MAGNUS ILLE GENIUS 
BRITANNIA. Reverse.— ^x\\.2^\vi\2i standing on the sea-shore awaits the arrival of 
an approaching fleet. Leg, O Diu desiderata navis. Below, l^etamini cives 
SEPT xxiii mdcclii. Size 1.7 in. Silver. Prince Charles secretly visited 
London in 1752, when another insurrection was planned. He remained some 
weeks, but seeing no hope of success returned to Paris. His visit was known 
to George IL 

296. Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.), and Princess Louisa, Countess 

OF Stolberg. Marriage, 1772. 
Obverse, — Bust of Prince Charles to left, in armour and mantle. Leg, carolvs hi 
1720 M . B . F . ET . h . rex . 1766. Reverse, — Bust of Princess Louisa to left, 
draped. Leg. lvdovica . m . b . F . et . H. regina . 1772. Size 1.25 in. 
Silver. Prince Charles married by proxy at Paris, 28th March, 1772, Louisa, 
daughter of Gustavus Adolphus Prince of Stolberg-Goedern. The dates of the 
obverse are those of the Prince's birth and the death of his father. 



2i6 Exhibitio7i of the Royal House of Stuart. 



297. Princess Louisa, Countess of Stolberg, 1772. 

Obverse. — Bust of the Princess to left. No reverse. Size 1.3 by i.i in. Silver 
This piece was probably intended to be worn as a brooch or badge. 

298. Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX.), Vice-Chancellor of 

the Pope, 1774. 
C>3z/i?rj^.— Shield of Prince Henry, surmounted by a cardinal's cap. Reverse. — 

Inscription, HENRICVS CARDINALIS DVX . EBOR . S . R . E . VICECANCELLARIUS 

SEDE . VACAN 1 774. Size I.I in. Silver. This medal was struck after the death 
of Pope Clement XIV. in 1774, by the Cardinal, as Vice-Chancellor, for use as a 
pass, without which no one had permission to enter certain parts of the Papal 
palace during the sitting of the conclave for the election of a new Pope. 

;299. Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX.). His Titles 
Asserted, 1788. 
Obverse — Bust of Prince Henry to right, in cardinal's robes. Leg. HEN . ix . 

MAG . BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . REX FID . DEF . CARD . EP . TVSC. On shoulder, 

G . HAM . F. (G. Hamerani). Reverse. — Religion holding Bible and cross : at her 
feet, the British lion ; in the distance, view of Rome, with St. Peter's. Leg. NON . 

DESIDERIIS . HOMINUM . SED . VOLVNTATE . DEI. Below, AN . MDCCLXXXVIII. 

Size 2"o5 in. Silver.^ On the death of Prince Charles Edward in 1788, his brother 
Henry assumed the title of Henry IX., and caused this and other medals to be 
struck. The type of this medal is taken from one previously issued in 1774. 



SUPPLEMENT. 

CASE F— West Gallery. 

RELICS OF CHARLES /., MONTROSE, <^c. 

1038. Ivory Carved Head, which belonged to Charles I., and was used by him during 

his confinement in Carisbroke Castle. The top is pierced, to be used as a 
vinaigrette. The staff with this head was presented by the king to Mr. Thomas 
Cooke, who was at the time Master Gunner at the Castle. 

Lent by W. Major Cooke, Esq. 

1039. Hunting Horn of Charles I., with silver mounts. 

Lent by MRS. BOYSE. 

1040. Christening Robe of crimson satin of Charles IL 

Lent by The Hon. A. Holland-Hibbert. 

1040.* Pocket Book of Charles L, with silver clasps and crown with royal cypher. 

Lent by The Hon. A. Holland-Hibbert. 



CASE G-West Gallery. 

RELICS OF JAMES I. AND FI, CHARLES I., HENRIETTA 

MARIA, &-'c. 

1041. Silver Plaque of James I. 

By Simon Passe. Lent by R. R. Holmes, Esq. 

1042. Silver Plaque of Prince Charles [Charles L]. 

By Simon Passe. Lent by R. R. Holmes, Esq. 



2 1 8 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



1043. Silver Plaque of Prince Charles [Charles .]. 

By Simon Passe. Lent by R. R. Holmes, Esq. 

1044. Silver Plaque of Charles 1. and Henrietta Maria. 

By Simon Passe. Lent by R. R. Holmes, Esq. 

1045. Silver Medal of Frederick and Elizabeth of Bohemia. 

Lent by R. R. Holmes, Esq. 

1046. Gold Memorial Ring, with portrait of Charles L 

Lent by John Evans, Esq., P.S.A. 

1047. Gold Memorial Ring, with portrait of Charles L 

Lent by John Evans, Esq., P.S.A. 

1048. Gold ^Memorial Slide, with portrait of Charles I. 

Lent by John Evans, Esq., P.S.A 

1049. Silver Medal, with portraits of Charles L and II. 

By Peter Van Abeele. Lent by John Evans, Esq., P.S.A. 

1050. Boxwood Snuff-box, with silver mountings. On the top are carved the royal 

arms, and on the bottom the arms of " Sam Shelton " ; dated 1644. 

Lent by The Right Hon. Lady Milford. 

1051. Silver Plaque of Frederick and Elizabeth of Bohemia. 

By Simon Passe. Lent by E. Joseph, Esq. 

1052. Silver Plaque of Prince Charles [Charles L]. 

By Simon Passe. Lent by E. Joseph, Esq. 

1053. Silver Counter of James 1. and Anne of Denmark. 

By Simon Passe. Lent by E. Joseph, Esq. 

1054. Silver Box, with counters. The lid has a portrait of Charles I. 

By Simon Passe. Lent by The Rev. James Hart Johnson. 



WEST GALLERY.] SuppUjUeut. 2ig 



1055. Gold Mourning Ring, set with garnets, and containing hair of Charles 1. 

Lent by MRS. Arthur Henfrey. 

1056. Pewter Bleeding Dish of Charles I., which afterwards belonged to Sir William 

Murray, first baronet of Stanhope. 

Lent by MiSS ROSALIND B. C. C. DE AL Howell. 

1057. Enamelled Portrait of Charles I. for a ring. 

Lent by Mrs. Singleton. 

1058. Lock of Hair and portion of the beard of Charles L, cut on the opening of his 

coffin in 1813. 

Lent by GEORGE BONNOR, ESQ. 

1059. Silver and Tortoiseshell Box, with medallion of Charles I. 

By N. Roettier. Lent by Stephen N. Rowland, Esq. 

1060. Engraved Medalet of Charles I. 

Lent by A. J. Rodway, Esq. 

1060*. Silver Gilt Medal, struck to commemorate the death of Charles L 

By John Roettier. Lent by Granville Leveson-Gower, Esq. 

1061. An Ivory, representing PVederick and Elizabeth of Bohemia walking on a terrace 

at Heidelberg, accompanied by two attendants ; in the background, view of 
the Castle. 

Lent by GEORGE Harding, Esq. 

1062. Gold Enamelled Watch of Charles L, given by him to Bishop Juxon. Maker's- 

name, " Edwardus East." 

Lent by Sir A. Weldon, Bart. 

1063. Cannon Ball found in a garden at Hull, believed to have been fired by the 

besieging army of Charles L 

Lent by Francis J. A. Skeet, Esq. 



2 20 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stua7't. 



1064. Silver Snuff-box, with name of " Prince Rupert, 1629," engraved upon it ; said 

to have belonged to the Prince. 

Lent by F. SlROUD, ESQ. 

1065. Communion Cup of the parish of Baldock, Herts, used by Charles I. when he passed 

through that place in 1647. 

The following note occurs in the Register of Baldock Parish Church : — " In June, 
1647, Charles I. passed through the town towards London, under the escort of Cornet 
Joyce. As he entered it he was met by the parishioners, headed by their venerable 
rector, the Rev. Josias Byrd, in full canonicals. The misfortunes of the King had moved 
the loyal feelings of the old clergyman, and he determined to show them publicly. 
Presenting the communion cup filled with wine to the king, he saluted him : ' May God 
bless your Majesty.' The king, doubtless somewhat surprised, mquired the name of the 
saluter. ' Please your Majesty,' was the reply, ' I am Josias Byrd, the parson of Baldock, 
and I offer you this cup for your refreshment.' Whereupon the king drank, and, 
returning the cup, humorously observed, ' Mr. Byrd, I thank you. I did not think I 
had so good a Bird in all my kingdom.' "' The cup is hall-marked, 1609-10 ; maker's 
mark, A. 

N.B. — Josias Byrd was rector for 53 years. Ejected by Puritans, he lived long enough 
to be reinstated. He died 1666, jet. su£e 88 years. 

Lent by The Rev. W. J. Skelton. 

1066. Miniature, set in pearls, of Charles L Given by Henrietta Maria to the first 

Due de Vitry, ancestor of the owner. 

Lent by John Needham Breun, Esq. (Due de Vitry). 



CASE H-North Gallery. 

RELICS OF CHARLES IL, JAMES IL and VII., CATHERINE OF 
BRAGANZA, MARY OF MO DEN A, ANNE, o-c. 

1067. Gold Memorial Slide, with Portrait of Charles IL 

Lent by John Evans, Esq., P.S.A. 

1068. Pair of Gold Lockets, with Portraits of William and Mary. 

Lent by John Evans, Esq., P.S.A. 

1069. Gold Locket, with Portrait of Mary II. 

Lent by John Evans, Esq., P.S.A. 



NORTH GALLERY.] StlppleillCUt. 22 1 



1070. Another, similar. Lent by John Evans, Esq., P.S A. 

1071. Gold Locket, with Portrait of Mary of Modena. 

Lent by John Evans, Esq., P.S.A. 

1072. Silver Badge of Charles IL Lent by The Duke of St. Albans. 

1073. Pincushion inscribed " Down with the Rump," made at the time of the Risins^ 

of 1745. Lent by Col. R. Dyott. 

1074. Box made out of the Royal Oak of Boscobel, with silver mount representing. 

Charles II. in the oak ; soldiers on horseback below. 

Lent by The Right Hon. Lady Milford. 

1075. Silver-mounted Essence Bottle of Mary of Modena, Queen of James II. 

Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

1076. Gold Ring set with emeralds, given by Charles II. to the Duchess of Portsmouth- 

Lent by The Duke of Richmond and Gordon, K.G. 

1077. Silver Medal struck in Holland to commemorate the Restoration of Charles II. 

By Peter Van Abeele. Lent by Isaac Falcke, Esq. 

1078. Another, same. Lent by W. Townley Mitford, Esq. 

1079. Short and Plain Way to the Faith of the Church, with brief account of what 

occurred on the deathbed of Charles II. By Father Huddleston. London, 
1688. This Book belonged to Father Huddleston. 

Lent by Francis Riddell, Esq. 

1080. Frances Theresa Stuart, Duchess of Richmond, as Britannia on medals and 

coins. 

(i) Reverse of Medal. Britannia seated to left on seashore, holds spear and shield 
and contemplates ships in the distance ; over her hover two genii with wreath of laurel ; 
meridian sun. Electrotype. 

(2) Medal of Charles II. commemorating the Peace of Breda, 1667. Bust of King to 
right laureate, wearing mantle. Leg. CAROLVS SECVNDVS dei gratia MAG . brit . 
FRAN . et hiber . REX. Re'VeJse. Britannia seated to left similar to No. i, but her 



222 Exhibition of the Royal Hotise of Sttiart. 



shield is at her side, her hand resting upon it, and the genii with wreath are wanting. Leg. 

FAVENTE DEO. — BRITANNIA. Silver. 

(3) Halfpenny of Charles II. 1673. Bust of king to left laureate, in armour. Leg. 
CAROLVS A CAROLO. Reverse. Britannia seated to left, holding laurel branch and spear ; 
at her side, shield. Leg. Britannia 1673. Electrotype. 

(4) Farthing of Charles II. 167 1. Same type as the halfpenny, but dated 1671. 

Electrotype. 
These four pieces show the origin of the Britannia on the copper coinage of the present 
day. No. i is the original medal made by John Roettier, engraver to the Mint. The die 
for this piece was not approved of, and in consequence was not finished ; it is now in the 
British Museum. No. 2 was the second attempt, which was approved ; and Nos. 3 and 4 
are the coins, the reverses of which were copied from No. 2. The figure of Britannia on 
the reverses of all these pieces is a portrait of Frances Stuart, afterwards Duchess of 
Richmond. She sat as a model to John Roettier, and Pepys in his diary, under date 
February 25, 1667, in referring to No. 2, says : "At my goldsmith's did observe the king's 
new medal, where in little there is Mrs. Stewart's face as well done as ever I saw any- 
thing in my whole life, I think ; and a pretty thing it is that he should choose her face to 
represent Britannia by.'' See No. 119 for her Portrait as Pallas. 

Lent by Francis Whelan, Esq. 

1081. Silver Enamelled Ribbon Slide, with portrait of Charles II., presented by him 

to Captain Nicholas Tettersall, in whose ship the King escaped to Fdcamp after 

the battle of Worcester. 

Lent by Mrs. HANSON Lewis. 

1082. Silver Posy Ring with inscription inside, " Let me not be forgot," also given by 

Charles II. to Captain Nicholas Tettersall. 

Lent by Mrs. HANSON Lewis. 

1082 * Gold Brooch in the form of a crucifix, given by Charles II. to Lady Lilias Murray. 

Lent by Miss Rosalind B. C. C. de M. Howell. 

CASE I— North Gallery. 

RELICS OF PRINCE JAMES FRANCIS ED WARD \JAMES III. ^ VHI.] 
AND PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD [CHARLES 2 ILl 

1083. Ivory Snuff-Mull. On the top on a silver plate is a crown above a sword and 

sceptre crossed and the inscription"!. R. 8;" around three small medalhons 
with heads of " Ormond," " Marr," and " Sobiesky ; " a fourth has been knocked 
off. Beneath, another plate with George I. represented with horns. 

Lent by John C. Blackett, Esq. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Stlpplemeilt. 223 

1084. Four Cairngorm Buttons trom Prince Charles Edward's kilt and vest. 

Lent by Percy Gordon, Esq. 

1085. Two Copper Gilt Medals commemorating the Birth of Prince Charles Edward 

and also his and his brother, Cardinal York's, boyhood. Given by Prince 

Charles to an ancestor of the owner. 

Lent by Percy Gordon, Esq. 

1086. Small Ivory Snuff-Mull, which belonged to Prince' James Francis Edward 

[James III. and VIII.]. 

1087. Gold Locket containing locks of hair of Prince James Francis Edward, Princess 

Clementina, and of their sons. Prince Charles Edward and Prince Henry, Duke 
of York. 

Lent by Alexander Farquharson, Esq. 

1088. A Louis XIV.- Snuff-box, with portrait in enamel of Prince Charles Edward 

[Charles III.] 

Lent by G. R. Mackenzie, Esq. 

1089. Tortoiseshell Snuff-box, containing the Medallion of Princess Clementina 

Sobieska, struck on her escape from Innspruck. 

Lent by Mrs. Shaw. 

1090. Piece of Ribbon worn by Prince James Francis Edward [James III. and VIII.]. 

Lent by Alexander Farquharson, Esq. 

1091. Certificate of the Marriage of Prince James Francis Edward and Princess 

Clementina Sobieska, with the original attestations of Sebastian Pompilius 
Bonaventura, Bishop of Montefiasconi, the two contracting parties and the 
witnesses, John Hay, James Murray, Charles Wogan, John O'Brien, Sebastian 
Antonini, and Father John Brown, O.P. 

Lent by Blayney R. Townley Balfour, Esq. 

1092. Engraved Ticket of admission to the private meetings of the Jacobites after 

the Rising of 1745. It commemorates those who died in the cause. Around, 



2 24 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stiiart. 



James Fra. Edw. Stuart, bar 71 June 10, 1688 y Alary Clementina Sobieska, died 
Jan. 18, 1735, «,^. 33. See also No. 615. 

Lent by Captain Lockley. 

1093. Wax Cast of the Face of James II., taken immediately after death ; in a 
silver casket. 

Lent by The Due de Fitzjames. 



CASE J-North Gallery. 

RELICS OF PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD {CHARLES III), THE 
FORTY-FIVE, FLORA MACDONALD, dr^c. 

1094. Imitation Tortoiseshell Snuff-box, with portrait of Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by John Evans, Esq., P.S.A. 

1095. Lock of Hair of Prince Charles Edward, given by him to Flora Macdonald. 

Lent by Francis Edward Atkinson, Esq. 

1096. Porcelain Medallion of Princess Clementina Sobieska. 

Lent by S. M. Keith Douglas, Esq. 

1097. Pair of Long White Mittens, embroidered in blue silk with " God Preserve 

Prince Charles," worn by him at the last ball at Holyrood. 

Lent by COL. R. Dyott. 

1098. Small Piece of Ermine Fur worn by Prince Charles Edward [Charles III.]. 

Lent by Col. R. Dyott. 

1099. Piece of Silk Tartan Ribbon, 2 x ij in., worn by Prince Charles Edward. 

Lent by CoL. R. Dyott. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Supplement. 22; 



1100. Gold enamelled Badge of the Lady Patroness of the Cycle Club. 

Obverse. — On an inner circle of blue, a white rose surrounded by the word 
CYCLE. Outside this is a serpent with its tail in its mouth, on a white ground, 
beyond AA'hich is an outer circle of blue with the inscription in white, " Lady 
Williams Wynn Lady Patroness. Elected 17S0." Reverse.— On 2i\Avi&gro\mA, 
a white rose and the inscription, " Instituted June ye loth, 1780," with an outer circle 
of white bearing a laurel wreath. Above the badge is a knot in diamonds. 

The Cycle Club was originally a Jacobite society, and included a large number of the 
country gentlemen of Cheshire and Denbighshire. The club used to meet at the houses 
of the members in turn, according to a rota, a facsimile of one of which (for 181 3) 
is exhibited. The Lady of Wynnstay was always Lady Patroness. The club continued 
to exist till about 1S50, but before that time had degenerated into a mere social and 
convivial institution. The bowl over which the health of the " King over the Water " 
was drunk is still preserved. 

Lent by The Dowager Lady Williams Wynn. 

1101. A Necklace and Cross, Bracelet and one detached Medallion of black steel 

work, given by Prince Charles Edward to an ancestor of the present owner. 

Lent by J. Tread^svay Hanson, Esq. 

1102. A Gold Mounted Spar Snuff-Bottle, given by Prince Charles Edward to John 

Murray, of Broughton. 

Lent by C. A. Howell, Esq. 

1103. Dark Green Feather Aigrette, worn by Prince Charles Edward [Charles HP]. 

Lent by James Arnott, Esq. 

1104. Piece of Tartan, worn by Prince Charles Edward in the year 1746, and given by 

him to Lady Mackintosh. 

Lent by Alexander Farquharson, Esq. 

1104.* Gold Locket with Portrait of Prince Charles Edward, at the age of about forty- 
five, brought from the Prince to Mrs. John Murray, of Broughton, by Macdonell 
of Glengarrj-. 

Lent by Miss R. C. C. De M. Howell. 



2 26 Exhibition oj the Royal House of Stuart. 



CASE K-North Gallery. 

RELICS OF PRINCE HENRY BENEDICT, CARDINAL, DUKE OE 

YORK {HENRY IX). 

1105. Ivory Casket which formerly belonged to Cardinal York. 

This interesting casket of ivory, measuring seven inches long by four and half wide 
and three in height, carved in high relief and mounted in enamelled silver, was purchased 
at Rome in 1807, upon the decease of the Cardinal York, Bishop of Frascati, the last 
survivor of the Royal Stuarts to whom it belonged. 

It is divided into sixteen panels, each representing, according to the legend, a 
principal event in the life of a Roman General under the Emperor Trajan, named 
Placidus, who being converted to Christianity was afterwards canonized under the 
appellation of " Saint Eustace," Like St. Hubert, he is said to have been reclaimed from 
paganism by the miraculous appearance of the Saviour between the horns of a stag 
which he was pursuing with his hounds. 

This important event is represented in front of the coffer, whilst on the lid, descrip- 
tive of a victory in single fight, said by the legend to have been gained by Placidus 
over a commander opposed to the Roman Army, two knights on horseback in visored 
bascinets and clad in mail without any mixture of plate, are engaged in single combat, 
attended by their esquires in corresponding costumes. 

The baptism of this Saint, that of his two sons and his wife, his capture by sea pirates, 
the seizure of his children severally by a bear and a wolf, and finally the martyrdom of 
the whole family by burning in a brazen bull under the orders of the Emperor Hadrian, 
with other events in his life, are characteristically represented on the different panels. 

The costumes represented on this casket with the style of the carvings, &c., evidently 
fix its date to the commencement of the 14th century, but its great interest consists 
in the hinges and mountings, which are enamelled on silver in a fine blue colour (azure) 
and are profusely covered with the armorial bearings of England, having the three lions 
quartered with the fleurs de lys of France (ancient) continually repeated. The face of 
the lock however having the same royal arms of England enamelled on a gold plate is 
of later style, and is placed over the old work. 

It was stated at the sale of the Cardinal's effects that this casket came into the posses- 
sion of James I. upon his succession to the English crown, and that it had remained 
with that branch of the Royal Stuarts until the death, in 1807, of Cardinal York, 
the last survivor of the family. 

Lent by Charle.s Magniac, Esq. 



NORTH GALLERY.] Supplement. 227 



Case L— North Gallery. 

MINIATURES. 

1106. Prince James Francis^Edward [james hi. and viii.]. 

Lent by Lord Ronald Gower. 

1107. prince James FrancisjEdward [james hi. and viii.]. 

Lent by W. Stewart Menzies, Esq. 

1108. Prince James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. 

Lent by The Countess Isabel Curtis Cholmelev. 

1109. Prince James Francis jEdward [james hi and viii.]. Given by Prince Charles 

Edward [Charles IIL] to Lady Mackintosh. 

Lent by Alexander Farquharson, Esq. 

1110. Prince'James Francis Edward [james hi. and viii.]. 

Lent by Charles du Moulin-Browne, Esq. 

1111. Prince Charles Edward [charles hi.]. 

Lent by ISAAC Falcke, Esq. 



1112. Princess Louisa Maria Theresa. 

Lent bv Alexander Farquharson, Esq. 



P 2 



2 28 Exhibitio7i of the Royal House of Stitari. 



CENTRAL HALL. 



1113. Brass Warming Pan, with lion holding the standard of St. George, and around 

" God Save King Charles." 

Lent by Miss Rose. 

1114. Brass Warming Pan with the arms of England crowned : on either side " E. R.'' ;. 

and God Save Khtge Charles, 1634. 

It was purchased from the tenant of a cottage in the village of Trent, Co. Somerset, at 
Avhich place Charles 11. lay hidden after the battle of Worcester, when attempting to- 
escape to France via Lyme Regis in Dorsetshire. 

Lent by The Right Hon. Sir H. F. Ponsonby, G.C.B. 

1115. Roasting Jack, which was given by the cook to King Charles IL to wind up, when 

he took refuge in Mr. Tomes's house at Long Marston after the battle of Worcester, 

Lent by Commander Carrow, R.N. 

1116. Model of Holyrood Palace. 

Lent by William Hutton, Esq. 



Case P— Central Hall. 

RELICS OF CHARLES /., STUART PAPERS, &c. 

1117. Chess Board, inlaid with ivory and various coloured woods, and with ivory pieces. 

Given by Charles I. to Sir Edward Lake. 

Lent by Miss Lake. 

1118. Bible which belonged to Charles L Printed by Robert Barker, London, 1633. In 

red velvet binding, richly embroidered with Royal Arms and other devices in gold 

and silver thread and coloured silks. 

Lent by Robert Berkeley, Esq. 



CENTRAL HALL.] SzippUment. 2 29 



1119. Book of Common Prayer, which belonged to Charles I. Printed by Robert 

Barker, London, 1634. In similar binding to No. 1118. 

Lent by Robert Berkeley, Esq. 

1120. Bible and Prayer-book (in one), given by Charles II. to John Giffard, of 

Brightlea, in reward for the services of his father, Colonel John Giffard, during the 
great Rebellion. Printed by John Bill and Christopher Barker, London, 1679. In 
richly tooled and gilt red morocco binding, with silver clasps, and a plate with a 
shield bearing three fusils conjoined in fess ermine, and a label of three points. 

Lent by S. L. Smythe Giffard, Esq. 

1121. Bible, which belonged to Charles I. Printed by Robert Barker, London, 1639 

It came into the possession of Herbert, Viscount Windsor, from whose family it 
passed to the present owner. In binding similar to that of No. 1118. 

Lent by the MARQUESS OF Bute, K.T. 

1122. Collection of Manuscripts relating to the later Stuarts, containing many original 

documents of Prince James Francis Edward Qames III.), Prince Charles Edward 
(Charles III.), and Prince Henry, Cardinal, Duke of York (Henry IX.), chiefly 
during their residence in Italy. These papers were purchased by the late Lady 
Braye at Rome in 1842, and are fully described in the tenth Report of the 
Historical Manuscripts Commission. The volume exhibited is open at an agree- 
ment between Prince Charles Edward and Prince Henry, ratified by James III , 
for the partition of the jewels of Princess Clementina Sobieska, the mother of the 
iwo Princes, dated 2ist December, 1742, with seals and autograph signatures. 

Lent by Lord Braye. 



230 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



Case Q— Central Hall. 

NEEDLE-WORK OF MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS,' CLOTHES OF 

CHARLES /., ^-c. 

1123. Four Pieces of Needlework by Mary, Queen of Scots. 

Lent by Sir Tatton Sykes, Bart, 

1124. Part of a Curtain from Holyrood Palace. 

Lent by Colonel Macpherson of Cluny, 

1125. Christening Robe of Charles L of cloth of gold and with red poppies. 

This robe was for generations in the possession of the Smale family, an ancestor of 
whom was at the court of Charles L 

Lent by The Earl of Northesk. 

1126. Clothes, &c. of Charles L, viz. a coat, a waistcoat, two pairs of knee-breeches, a 

lace-cuff, two pairs of shoes, a leather tobacco pouch, a shagreen case, a piece of 
camp bed nangings, a piece of old embroidery, and two small embroidered purses. 

Lent by Mrs. Boyse. 

1127. Garter Star from Mantle of Charles L, worn by the king on the scaffold. 

Lent by Basil Woodd, Esq. 



Case R— Central Hall. 

RE LLCS OJ^ PRLNCE CHARLES EDWARD {CHARLES 1II\ ^c. 

1128. Prince Charles Edward's [Charles IIL] wig and tartan jacket. 

Lent by H. A. Lindsay Carnegie, Esq. 

1129. Tartan Cloak of Prince Charles Edward [Charles III]. The pattern is 

very close to that of the modern Stuart tartan. 

Lent by W. MURRAY Threipland, Esq. 



CENTRAL HALL.] Supplement. 231 



1130. Anamorphosis of Prince Charles Edward [Charles IH.]. 

Lent by W. Murray Threipland, Esq. 

1131. A Sword, presented at Holyrood by Prince Charles Edward [Charles III.] to 

William, fourth Viscount Strathallan. and worn by him at the battle of Culloden 
where he was killed, and the sword lost. 
It was accidentally discovered many years after and restored to William, seventh 
Viscount Strathallan, by' the late Duke of Buccleuch and Oueensberry. 

Lent by ViscouNT Strathallan. 

1132. Portrait OF Prince Charles Edward [Charles III.]. 

Lent by Sir Philip Grey Egerton, Bart. 

1133. Standard of Sir James Kinloch's battalion of Lord Ogilvie's regiment present at 

Falkirk and Culloden, 1746. It bears the St. Andrew's Cross, thistle, and the 
Scottish motto " Nemo me impune lacesset." 

Lent by CoL. J. Grant Kinloch of Kibrie and Logie. 

1133.* Sword which belonged to Prince James Francis Edward [James III. and VIII.]. 

Lent by Mrs. Boyse. 



Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



BALCONY. 

PICTURES. 

1134. Charles Las a Martyr. From the church dedicated to him at 

Tunbridge Wells. 

Bust facing, head radiate, hands raised with pahns outwards, wearing white lace 
cap and collar and blue coat : on right, hand holding celestial crown ; below a label 
inscribed, " Corruptibilem pro incorruptibile." 

There are churches or chapels dedicated to King Charles the Martyr at Peak Forest 
Derbyshire, Newtown in the parish of Wem, Salop, Plymouth, Falmouth, and Tunbridge 
Wells. 

Lent by The Rev. Hornby Steer. 

ENGRAVINGS AND PORTRAITS. 

1135. Five Portraits of Mary, Queen of Scots, and a curious 

picture of the beheading of Charles I. 

Lent by R. Davey, Esq. 

1136. Portrait of James I. and VI., " R. E., fecit" (R. Elstracke), 

and another of Charles I. by " R. Cooper." 

Lent by The Hon. Harold Dillon. 

1137. Margaret Tudor and John, Duke of Albany. 

• Engraved by Edward Harding from a picture in the possession of the Marquess 
4 of Bute. Lent by C. Trice Martin, Esq. 

1138. Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.). 

By R. Cooper, from a drawing made by Ozias Humphry, R.A., in Florence, 1776. 



BALCONY.] Supplejuent. 233 

1139. Bust of Charles I. by Bernini. 

" P. Maxell Sculpsit." Lent by The Hon. Harold Dillon. 

1140. Sketch of Prince Charles Edward (Charles III.). 
By Giles Hussey. Lent by Lord Arundell of Wardour. 

1141. Frame containing Engravings of Flora Macdonald, from 

the portrait in the Bodleian Library, No. 197; Simon, Lord Lovat, 
from Hogarth's picture ; James, Duke of Monmouth, from a 
picture by Sir Peter Lely, " A. Blooteling ex " ; and Villiers, Duke 
of Buckingham, with facsimile of a seal and autograph. 
Lent by Richard Davey, Esq.- 

1142. Battle of Carberry Hill, from the Lenox :\IemorIal Picture 

(No. 46). 
By Vertue. Lent by Richard Davey, Esq. 

1143. Curious coNTEMroRARY Satirical Dutch Print of Prince 

James P>ancis Edward and Prince Charles Edward. 
Lent by Richard Davey, Esq. 

1144 Two Photographs of Moseley, where Charles H. was concealed 
after the battle of Worcester. 

Lent by Francis Whitgreave, Esq. 

1145. Photograph of the wax "representation " of Charles H., made for 
his funeral, now in Westminster Abbey. 

Lent by J. Seymour Lucas, Esq., A.R.A., F.S..A. 



2 34 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 

1146. Charles I. and Henrietta Maria. Needlework, by Margaret, 

daughter of Colonel Hammond who, as Governor of the Isle of 
Wight, had charge of the king at Carisbroke Castle. 

Lent by CLAUDE Webster, Esq. 

1147. Charles H. and Catherine of Braganza. Needlework. 

Lent by MiSS Godley. 

1148. Autotype of Portrait of Mary of Lorraine, Mother of 

Mary, Queen of Scots, now in the National Portrait Gallery, 
formerly known as the " Fraser-Tytler " portrait of Mary? 
Queen of Scots. 

Lent by The Hon. Harold Dillon. 



MANUSCRIPTS AND BOOKS. 

1149. Drab'T of Letter to Mary, Queen of Scots, from her " Nobilitie and Subjectis, 

asking for instructions respecting her reported seizure by Bothwell. Dated 
Aberdour, 27 April, 1567. Lent by H. H. Almack, ESQ. 

1150. Indictment in the name of Sir Dudley Ryder, Attorney- General, against William 

Fenwick, Nicholas Layton, Humphrey Thomas, Edward Rice, and Ambrose- 
Penny, of St. Sidwell's Parish, Exeter, for drinking the health of King James IIL 
at the New Inn in the said parish, and setting upon and beating Jonas Johnson. 
for refusing the toast. Dated Thursday next after the Octave of St. Hilary,. 
26 Geo. II. [1733]. Lent by S. J. Davies, Esq. 

1151. " Prince Rupert's suffrage as Knight of the Garter for the election of Wilham.. 

Duke of Hamilton." Framed with a portrait of the Prince. 

Lent by R. R. Holmes, Esq. 

1152. Holograph Letter from Charles I. to Prince Rupert, respecting the "ill case of 
&?^- the Earl of Newcastle and his need of assistance against the Scots." Dated 

Oxford, 22 April, 1644. Lent by The Duke OF St. AlbaNS. 



BALCONY.] Supple^nent. 



1153. Order of Charles I. to the Commander of Newark to send aid to Prince Rupert. 

Dated Oxford, 20 Aug. 1642. Lent by Louis Mieville, Esq. 

1154. Letter from Charles II. to Lord Middleton, Chancellor of Scotland. Dated 

28 May, 1662. Autograph signature. Lent by J. M. Howden, Esq. 

1155. Holograph Letter from Charles II. to Prince Rupert, recommending Sir G. 

Lucas. Dated Paris, Aug. 2 [1653 ?]. Lent by Louis Mieville, Esq. 

1156. Letter from Prince James Francis Edward [James III.] to W. Erskine, thanking 

him for his services. Dated, Albano, 4 Oct. 1721. Autograph signature. 

Lent by J. M. HowDEN, Esq. 

1157. Order from Prince Charles Edward [Charles III.] to James Cuming, merchant in 

Edinburgh, to assist Mr. Patrick Seton in the sale of the goods in the Custom 
House of Leith. Dated Holyrood House, 26 Sept. 1745. With the Prince's 
seal, and the signature of John Murray of Broughton. 

Lent by J. M. Howden, Esq. 

1158. Manifesto of "James the Third by the Grace of God, King of Great Britian \_sic'y 

France and Ireland Defender of y« ffaith, &c.," to all Kings, Princes and 
Potentates, and " our loving Subjects," protesting against the usurpation of the 
Crown by the "Elector of Brunswick" (George I.) "one of the remotest 
Pretenders to our crowns." Dated Plombieres, 29 Aug. 1714, "in y' 13th year of 
our Reign." 
This document was found by the Rev. Theodore Williams in pulling down the ok! 
Vicarage at Hendon, Middlesex. Lent by Walter Withall, Esq. 

1159. " SUMMARIUM rationum, quibus cancellarius Anglia: et Prolocutor Puckeringius 

Ehzabethae Anglian Reginse persuaserunt occidendam esse serenissimam Principem 
Mariam Stuartam Scotise Reginam. . . Una cum responsionibus Reginae Angliie 
et sententia mortis, etc. Opera Romoaldi Scoti." A summary of the arguments- 
respecting the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots, and an account of her deatk. 
Printed at Ingoldstadt, 1588. Lent by T. McK. HuGHES, Esq. 



236 Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



A NOTE OF SOME OF THE SUITS OF ARMOUR MENTIONED 
AS BELONGING TO PRINCE HENRY (See 797). 

1607. A set of arms procured for him by Colonel Edmondes in the Low Countries, 
but the Colonel's death delayed their transmission until April 1607, though asked for by 
ithe Prince before 1604. 

June 1607. Armour and arms sent by Henry IV. of France. 

160S. A present of arms and horses from the Prince de Joinvillle, brother of the 
Duke de Guise. This suit is now in the Tower of London. 

1608. Sir Henry Lee, K.G., Master of the Armoury, this summer presented the 
Prince with an armour " that stood him in ^200 and within a year or two will serve 
his turn neither in jest nor earnest." Mr. Chamberlayne to Sir Dudley Carleton. 

1613. The Marquis de Villa presented to the Prince a suit of Milanese armour after 
the model of those made for Charles V. and Francis I. 

Mar. 1613. Warrant to pay to Sir Edward Cecil /300 balance due for armour, value 
^450, made for the late Prince. Sign manual. 

July 1614. Warrant to pay to Wm. Pickering, Master of the Armoury at Greenwich, 
^200, balance of ^340 for armour, gilt and graven for the late Prince. William 
Pickering was Master of the Armourers' Company 1608-9. 

The Windsor suit is probably one of the two last-mentioned. 



Note to No. 368. — The prophecy of the White King occurs among the Prophecies of the 
Caledonian Merlin, or Merlin Silvester. In the days of the " Rex Albus et Nobilis," who 
should follow the " Les Justitia;, ' there should be a " tempus milvorum" and all manner of 
troubles, and at last " Rex Albus labetur in auram." Originally written probably in the 12th 
century, the prophecy was applied first to Stephen, later to Edward IV., and lastly to 
Charles I. As the " Rex Albus" was opposed by the Eagle (the Empress Matilda) and the 
" pullus Aquilte " (Henry II.), who ultimately " nidificabit in summo rupium totius 
Brittanniae," the words were evidently meant originally for Stephen. (See Schulz's edition 
■of Geoffrey of Monmouth ; Cotton. MS. Faustina A viii. ; Cott. MS. Vesp. E. vii. ; and the 
descriptions of the above MSS. in Mr. H. L. D. Ward's Catalogue of Romances.) 



INDEX OF PICTURES AND 
MINIATURES. 



Albany, Countess of. See Louisa, Princess of 

Stolberg 
Albany, Duchess of, 242 
Albany, Alexander, Duke of, S7S (13) 
Albemarle, George Monk, Duke of, 193, 305 
Anglesey, Catherine, Countess of, 298 
Annabella Drummond, Queen of Robert III., 

244*, 878 (6) 
Anne, Queen, 155, 172, 304, 738, 769, 878 (35), 

901 (31, 33, 36) 
Anne of Denmark, Queen of James I. and VI., 

44, 54, 55, 240, 248, 249, 716, 755, 878 (22) 
Anne, Princess, daughter of Charles I., 92 
Ashburnham, John, 201 

Atterbury, Francis, Bishop of Rochester, 202 
Aubigny, L'Abbe d'. See Stuart, Ludovic 



Charles III. See Charles Edward, Prince 
Charles Edward, Prince, 149, 151, 152, 158-162, 

168, 170, 171, 178-180, 182, 184, 185, 203, 209, 

2IO, 670-701, 733, 739, 772, 775> 775*, 878(39), 

901 (38, 40, 43), mi, 1 132 
Claverhouse. See Dundee 
Clementina Sobieska, Princess, 146, 147, 156, 165, 

183, 664-667, 702, 732, 771, 87S (38), 901 (44) 
Curie, Elizabeth, 223 

Darnley, Henry Stuart, Lord, 20-23, 752, 878 

(20), 900 (11) 
David IL, 878 (2) 
Dugdale, Sir William, 267 
Dundee, John Grahame of Claverhouse, Viscount, 

192, 195 



Balmerino, Arthur Elphinstone, Lord, 196 

Berwick, James Fitz-James, Duke of, 148, 243, 726 

Bonkle, Sir Edward, 8 

Bothwell, James Hepburn, Earl of, 249a 

Bruce, Robert, 878 (i) 

Buckingham, George Villiers, Duke of, 194 



Capell, Baron, 191 

Catherine of Braganza, Queen of Charles II., 

108- 1 10, 120, 722, 723, 765, 878 (29), 900 (18, 

21), 901 (39) 
Charles I., 64, 66-69, 76-79, 86, 89, 227, 233, 

256-261, 263-266, 268, 26S*, 270, 718, 719, 

757, 758, 878 (24), 900 (3, 10), 1334 
Charles II. , 67, 99, loi, 102, 107, 112, 1 13, 117, 

118, 132-135, 238, 271-275, 277-282, 721, 762, 

764, 878(28), 900(9, 13, 19) 



Elizahetii of Bohemia, daughter of James I., 
51, 74, 81, 83 (children), 84, 85, 107, 221, 234, 
246, 250, 253-255, 262, 753, 878 (27), 900 (6) 
Elizabeth, Princess, daughter of Cha les I., 93 
Euphemia Ross, Queen of Robert II. , 878 (4) 



Falkland, Lucius Cary, Viscount, 269 
Francis II., of France, 218-220, 714, 751, 878 (18) 
Frederick V., Count Palatine, King: of Bohemia, 
75, 83 (children), 878 (26) 



Georgk, Prince of Denmark, 303, 878(36) 
Gloucester, Henry, Duke of. See Henry, Duke of 

Gloucester 
Gloucester, William, Duke of See William, Duke 

of Glouces.er 



238 



Exhibition of the Royal House of Stuart. 



Gordon, Lady Jane, wife of James, Earl of 
Bothwell, 2491^ 



Henrietta Maria, Duchess of Orleans, 87, 96- 

98, 103, 107, 3o6rt, 760. 900 (20) 
Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I., 67, 70, 

72, 82, 88, 89, 107, 720, 759, 878 (25), 900 

U, 5) 
Henrietta, daughter of Elizabeth of Bohemia, 

236 
•Henry, Prince of Wales, son of James I. , 48, 54, 

59, 60, 63, 73, 231, 232, 251, 252, 756, 878 

(23), 900 (2) 
Henry IX. .9^1? Henry Benedict, Prince 
Henry Benedict, Prince, Cardinal, Duke of York, 

175) 176, 181, 189, 190, 208, 211, 671, 672, 

704-707, 735, 774, 878 (41), 901 (38, 45) 
Henry, Duke of Gloucester, son of Charles I., 

105, 107, 763, 900 (17) 
Henry Frederick, Prince, son of Elizabeth of 

Bohemia, 116, 128 
Huntly, Henrietta Stuart, Marchioness of, 94 
Hyde, Anne, Duchess of York, 130, 131, 725, 

767, 878 (31) 



Tames I. of Scotland, 3, 244, 743, 878 (7) 
ames II. of Scotland, 4, 744, 878 (9) 
ames III. of Scotland, 5, 7, 8, 745, 878 (11) 

"(ames IV. of Scotland, 8, 9, 11, 12, 746, 878 

(14) 
James V. of Scotland, 6, 14, 17, 245, 748, 878 

(16) 
fames I. and VI., 13, 43-46, 49, 56, 57, 61, 62, 

237, 247, 715, 754, 878 (21), 900 (i) 
Tames II. and VII., 76, 107, 114, 122, 125, 127, 

129, 136, 239, 290-292, 294, 724, 766, 878 (30), 

900 (8, 14, 15, 24), 901 (34) 
if ames III. and VIII. ^^(?James Francis Edward, 

Prince 
James Francis Edward, Prince, 143-145, 147, 153, 

154, 157, 166, 167, 177, 207, 654-664, 668, 

'669, 727-731. 740, 770, 878 (37), 901 (35, 37, 

41, 42, 46, 47), 1106-1110 
Jane Beaufort, Queen of James I. of Scotland, 

878(8) 
Jnxon, William, Bishop of London, 206 



Lenox, and Richmond, Charles Stuart, Duke of, 

137, 900 (30) 
Lenox, Charles Stuart, Earl of, 46 
Lenox, Esme Stuart, Duke of, 52 
Lenox and Richmond, Ludovic Stuart, Duke of, 

204 
Lenox, Margaret, Countess of, 46, 222 
Lenox, Matthew, Earl of, 46 
Lewis Philip, brother of Frederick V., 235 
Louisa, Princess, of Stolberg, wife of Prince 

Charles Edward, 173, 186, 188, 703, 703*, 734, 

773, 878 (40) 
Louisa Maria Theresa, Princess, daughter of 

lames II., 169, 187, 207, 900(26), 1112 



Macdonald, Flora, 197, 198, 711, 712 

Magdalen, Queen of James V., 217 

Margaret, Princess, daughter of James 1. and VI., 

53 
Margaret of Denmark, Queen of James HI., 8, 

747, 878 (12) 
Margaret I'udor, Queen of James IV., 10, 878, (15) 
Mary, Queen of Scots, 24-26, 27, 28 (Deuil 

Blanc), 29-33, 34 (Carlton Type), 35-37 

(Sheffield Type), 37a (Morton Type), 37/^, 

38-40 (Memorial Type), 41 (Sheffield Type), 

42, 212-2x6, 224-226, 228, 229, 713, 750, 878 

(19), 900(11) 
Mary II., 142, 163, 164, 296, 302, 737, 878 (34), 

900 (22) 
Mary, Princess, daughter of James I., 900 (23) 
Mary, Princess of Orange, wife of William II., 

of Holland, 67, 95, 107, 286, 761, 900 (7) 
Maryof Gueldres, Queen of James II. of Scotland, 

878 (10) 
Mary of Lorraine, Queen of James V., 16, 18, 

19, 749, 878 (17) 
Maiy of Modena, Queen of James II. and VII., 

121, 124, 141, 173, 294*, 295, 768, 878 (32), 

900 (16) 
Maurice, Prince, 80 

Monmouth, James, Duke of, 1 38- 140, 297 
Montrose, James Graham, Marquess of, 306, 3o6(^, 

900 (27) 
Murray, James, Earl of (Regent), 50 

Newcastle, William, Duke of, 289 



Lane, Mrs. Jane, 200, 293 

Laud, William, Archbishop of Canterbury, 205, 
900 (28) 



Perth, Clementina, Countess of, 710 * 
Perth, James Drummond, Earl of, 708, 709 * 
Perth, Jean Gordon, Duchess of, 710 



Index- of Pictures and Miniatures. 



239 



Richmond, Frances Theresa Stuart, Duchess of, 

119 
Robert II., I, 741, 878 (3) 
IRobert III., 2, 742, 878 (5) 
Robert, Prince, son of James I. and VI., 53 
IRupert, Prince, 80, 90, 91, iii, 287, 28S, 900 

(29) 



SOBIESKA, Princess Maria Clementina. See 

Clementina 
Strafford, Thomas Wentworth, Earl of, 900 (25) 
Stuart, Lady Arabella, 47, 58, 65, 230, 276, 283- 

285, 717, goo (12) 
Stuart, Bernard, son of Esme, Duke of I>enox, 

104 



Stuart, Frances Theresa, Duchess of Richmond. 

See Richmond 
Stuart, John, son of Esme, Duke of Lenox, 104 
Stuart, Ludovic, Abbe d'Aubigny, son of Esme, 

Duke of Lenox, 115 



William II., Prince of Orange, 100 

William III., 107, 123, 150,^299,302,736,878 

(33). 901 (32) 
William, Duke of Gloucester, son of Queen Anne, 
172 



York, Anne Hyde, Duchess of. See Hyde. 



INDEX OF EXHIBITORS. 



HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN, 8, 15, 25, 27, 

37, 38, 46, 69, 83, 107, 136, 212, 249, 313, 

403, 404, 797, 803, 806, 1027 
Her Imperial Majesty the Empress 

Frederick, 431 
His Royal Highness the Prince of 

Wales, 593, 593* 
Her Royal Highness the Duchess ov 

Albany, 461, 535-539, 564, 671, 672, S87 

Aberdeen, The Earl of, 60, 141, 346 

Advocates' Library, Edinburgh, 1003 

Ahnack, Henry H., Esq., 451, 457, 5^15, 56S, 

615, 1150 
Arnott, James, Esq., 619, 1 103 
Arundell of W ardour. Lord, 905^5, 1140 
Ashburnham, The Earl of, 82, 86, 87, III, 370- 

372, 542, 943-947 
Atkinson, Francis Edward, Esq., 1095 

Bacon, Mrs., 411, 420 

Bagot, Lord, 376, 472, 473, 950, 951 

Baillie, Colin Campbell, Esq., 6S0, 739 

Baillie-Hamilton, The Hon. R., 44, 53, 57, 151, 

157, 185, 199, 291, 698, 777, 878 
Balfour of Burleigh, Lord, 322, 323, 339, 341, 

345, 352 
Balfour, Blnyney R. Towneley, Esq., 15S, 175, 

479, 518, 636, 651, 1091 
Barloft', T. O., Esq., R.A., 421, 424 
Beaufort, The Duke of, K.G., 188, 429, 561 
Bedford, The Rev. W. K. R., 517 
Bedingfeld, Sir Henry Paston, Bart., 825 
Belford, Major, 617 
Bell, H., Esq., 113 
Bell, S. Esq., 885 

Benett-Stanford, V. F., Esq., 91, 374, 857, 90S-913 
Berkeley, Robert, Esq., 11 18, 1119 
Birmingham, Corporation of, 799, 800 
Blackburn, Bewicke, Esq., 373, 385 
Blackett, lohn C, Esq., 1083 
Blackett, Miss, 567 

Blairs College, Tru^tees of, 39, 167, 190, 321 
Bolton, Lord, 20, 21 



Bonnor, George, Esq., 1058 

Boyle, The Hon. Mrs., 2493, 249.^* 

Boyle, The Misses, 521-523, 637 

Boyse, Mrs., 390,* 462, 905, 1039, 1126, 1133* 

Braye, Lord, 179, 189, 214, 525, 585, 594, 628^, 

631-633, 638-642, 645-646, 902, 1122 
Breun, John Needham, Esq. (Due de Vitry)^ 

1066 
Browne, Charles Du Moulin, Esq., mo 
Buccleuch, The Duke of, K.T., 138, 900, 901 
Buchan-Hepburn, Sir Thomas, Bart., 338, 348;, 

396, 814, 816, 925 
Bute, The Marquess of, K.T., 127, 139, 1121 
Butler, C, Esq., 79, 316 

Caldwell, Miss Marsh, 495 

Cameron, A., Esq., 971 

Cameron, D., of Lochiel, Esq., 789 

Cardross, Lord, 49 

Carlisle, Mrs., 776 

Carnegie, H. A. Lindsay, Esq., 259, 1128 

Carnegy of Lour, P. A. W., Esq., 170, 620 

Carrow, Commander, R.N., 11 15 

Carter, R. Brudenell, Esq., 499* 

Charlton, W. S., Esq., 796 

Cholmeley, Countess Isabel Curtis, 213, 520, 66O;, 

660*, 666, 674, 675, 879, 880, 1 108 
Christ Church, Oxford, 202 
Cleland of Stormont, John, Esq., iioi 
Clifford, Lord, 108 
Clifton, Comyn, Esq., 447 
Cochran-Patrick, R. \V., Esq.,/. 178-216 
Cockburn, E., Esq., 597 
College of Arms, the Corporation of, 804 
Cooke, Wm. Major, Esq., 1038 
Coutts, Baroness Burdett-, 263*, 272*, 290*, 306* 
Crawford, The Earl of, LL.D., F.R.S., 95, 98, 

100, loi, 114, 319, 826* 
Crewdson, Wilson, Esq., 266 
Creyke, Walter, Esq., 410, 415-417 
Cullum, Gery Milner-Gibson-, Esq., 180, 264, 

425, 664, 807, 976-979, 986, 1007, 1015 
Cunliffe, Sir Robert, Bart., 336 
Cunnynghame, Hugh, Esq., 573 



Index of Exhibitors. 



241 



Darling, C, Esq., Q.C., M.P., 159, 174 

Darnley, The Earl of, 351, 401 

Davey, Richard, Esq., 1135, 1141-1144 

Davies, Maj.-General H. F., 75, 81, 423, 869, 870 

Davies, S. J., Esq., 948, 1151 

Davis, Charles, Esq., 256, 273, 697 

Dawson, Stewart, Esq., 713-738 

Denbigh, The Earl of, 56, 88. 173, 449, 524 

Derby, The Earl of, K.G., 37a 

Desbrowe, Miss, 583 

Devonshire, The Duke of, K,G., 34, 67 

Dick-Cunynghame, Mrs. A., 332 

Dick-Lauder, Sir Thomas, Bart., 363, 815, 984 

Dilke, The Right Hon. Sir Charles W., Bart., 

103, 253, 261, 448, 584 
Dillon, The Hon. Harold, 11 36, 11 39, 1149 
Dolling, The Rev. J. Ratcliffe, 507 
Donington, Lord, 178, 198, 915-924 
Douai, Rector of St. Edmund's College, 1022- 

1026 
Douglas-Hamilton, Lieut. A D., R.N., 452 
Douglas, S. M. Keith, 210 577, ioy6 
Dow, James R., Esq., 693, 775* 
Drummond, Sir James H. William, Bart., 156, 

161, 171, 347, 778, 812, 817 
Drummond, Mrs. Robert, 506 
Dugdale, Mrs. Stratford, 267, 277, 422, 42S, 456, 

952, 953> 959 „^^ „^ 

Dunbar, Archibald Hamilton, Esq., 866, 867 
Dyott, Colonel R., 647, 670, 1073, 1097- 1099 

Edgar, Miss, 365*, 657, 689, 702, 796* 
Egerton, Sir Philip Grey, Bart., 28 1, 294, 426, 

907, 1 132 
Ellis, Miss Frances M., 304, 484, 553-555 
Erie, T. W., Esq., 438 
Essex, The Earl of, 191, 368 
Evans, Mr. Councillor, 964, 965 
Evans, John, Esq., P.S.A., 1046-1049, 1067-1071, 

1094 
Evelyn, W. J., Esq., 384 
Eykyn, The Hon. Mrs. Roger, 443 

Falcke, Isaac, Esq., 589, 661, 1077, nil 
Farquharson of Invercauld, Alexander, Esq., 59-> 

1087, 1090, 1 104, 1 109, 1 1 12 
Feilden, R., Esq., 435, 436 
Fellows, Charles Francis, Esq., 270, 432, 458, 459, 

474, 493 
Fellows, Henry, Esq., 288 
Ferrers, The Earl, 351, 813 
Festing, Henry, Esq., 487 
Field, The Rev. E., 939, 940 
Fife, The Earl of, K.T., 166, 169 



Fitz-James, The Due de, 1093 
Forde, Miss, 337 

Fortnum, C. D. E., Esq., 268*, 427, 485 
Eraser, Lieut. -Colonel F. Mackenzie, 7, 13, 14.24 
Eraser, Sir W. A., Bart., of Ledeclune, 333 
Fraser-Tytler, James S., Esq., 330, 357 
Frewen, Edward, Esq., 263 
Fyfe, Andrew, Esq., M.D., 344 

Galloway, Tlie Earl of, 364, 741-774 

Gaskell, Charles Milnes, Esq., 478 

Geary, Miss, 684 

Gibb-, Henry H., Esq., 255, 259, 282, 284, 298, 

439, 874, 889, 1028, 1035 
Gibbs, Vicary, Esq., 860, 875, 888, 890-892 
Giffard, S. L. Smythe, Esq., 1 120 
Godley, Miss, 114S 

Goldsmid, Sir Julian, Bart., M.P., 268 
Gordon, Percy, E-q., 650, 1084, 1085 
Gower, Lord Ronald, 90, 1 106 
Grafton, The Duke of, K.G , 41, 96 
Graham, The Rev. James J. G., 526 
Graves, H., Esq., 135, 148 
Grueber, Mrs. Herbert A., 460, 1033 

Haddington, The Earl of, 311 

Halford, Sir Henry St. John, Bart. C.B., 79S, 

80s 
Hamilton, Dr., 295, 296, 691 
Hamilton, The Duke of, K.T., 33, 50, 181, 906 
Hamilton, Verica M., Esq., 321* 
Hanson, J. Treadway, Esq., iioi 
Harcourt, E. W., Esq., 55, 61, 85, 445, 467, 

809 
Harding, George R., Esq., 106 1 
Hardinge, W. M., Esq., 200 
Harrow Scho il, Head Master of, 508 
Hartington, The Marquess of, M.P., 16, 17, 23, 

30, 36, 47, 65 
Harvey, Mrs., of Ickwell Bury, 123, 142, 155, 

367, 690, 780, 878* 
Hay, W. J., Esq., of Duns, 45, 156, 165, 176, 177, 

309 
Hayhurst, W. J., Esq., 418 
Henfrey, Mrs. Arthur, 618, 1055 
Herries, Lord, 32, 315, 318 
Hodgkin, J. Eliot, Esq., F.S.A., 297, 962 
Hogge, Mrs., 283 
Holland-Hibbert, The Hon. A., 77, 105, 388, 

389, 437, 8x8, 1040, 1040* 
Holmes, R. R., Esq., 1041-1045, I152 
Home, The Earl of, 52, 97 
Hooker, J. C, Esq., 211 
Hosack, James, Esq., 814 

Q 



242 



Exhibition of the Royal H'ouse of Stuart. 



Howard, George, Esq., 126, 216-220 

Howard, Philip John Canning, of Corby, Esq., 

18, 29, i.?4, 153, 182, 187 
Howden, John M., Esq., 1155, 1157, 1158 
Howell, C. A., Esq., 19, 740, 1102 
Howell, Miss R. B. C. C. de M., 143, 363, 393- 

395, 397-400, 466, 476, 488- 490, 511, 556, 570- 

572, 786, 1056, 1082*, 1 104* 
Hughes, T. McK., Esq., 1160 
Huntly, The Dowager Marchioness of, 92, 824 
Hutton, William, Esq., 11 16 

Ireland, National Gallery of, 855 

Jackson, Rev. John C, 513, 654, 938 

Jacques, Richard, Esq., 930, 937, 955, 958, 968- 

970,975, 983, 987, 988, 1004-1006, loio, ion, 

1014, 1017 
Jenner, Henry, Esq., 401 
Jenner, Mrs. Henry, 1037 
Johnson, The Rev. James Hart, 1054 
Joseph, E., Esq., 673, 1051-1053 

Kennard, Mrs. H. C, 228*, 512, 699, 701 
Kenyon, The Hon. and Rev. Wm. Trevor, 509 
Kinloch, Col, J. Grant, of Kibrie and Logic, 551, 
998, 999, 1 133 

Lake, Miss, 11 17 

Lamb, Sir Archibald, Bart., 46S, 784, 820 

Leconfield, Lord, 43, 64, 118, 129 

Lee, The Rev. F. G., D.D., 201, 269, 292, 648, 

681, 914, 1036 
Lee, P. F., Esq., 711 

Leinster, The Duke of, 382, 496-498, 576, 652, 653 
Leveson Gower, Granville, Esq., 1060* 
Lewis, Mrs. Hanson, 1081, 1082 
Lillingston, Lieut. F. G. Innes, R.N., 550, 795 
Lindsay, W. A., Esq., 81 1 
Lockley, Captain, 501, 1092 
Lothian, The Marquess of, K.T., 1-6, 9, 10, 62, 

73, 80, 116, 365 

Macdonald, General, of Elgin, 514, 712, 859, 

881, 883 
Macdonald, Major-General John, 149, 391, 582, 

598-608, 610-613, 622, 781 
Macdonald, Miss Juliet, 559, 609, 793, 993 
Macdonell, A. A., Esq., of Lochgarry, 552, 790 
Mackenzie, George R., Esq., 1088 
Mackenzie, Miss Margaret E., 265, 578-581, 634, 

663, 895 
Mackenzie, Major Stuart, of Seaforth, 22, 904 
Maclean, W. Campbell, Esq., looi 



Macpherson, Colonel, of Cluny, 343, 516, 546- 

549, 586, 587, 788, 991, 992, 994-997, 1 124 
Magniac, C, Esq., 42, 276, 1105 
Maitland, J. Alexander Fuller, Esq., 624 
Malcolm, John, Esq., 324 
Manners, Lady Adeliza, 331 
Mar and Kellie, The Earl of, 228, 499, 574, 575 
Marchant, Charles, Esq., 430 
Markham, Mrs. C, 486, 519, 544, 545, 566, 643 
Marsh, Lieut. -Colonel Jeremy Taylor, 433, 434 
Martin, Charles Trice, Esq., 1137 
Maxwell, Sir John Stirling, Bart., 326 
Mayo, The Earl of, 707 

Meldrum, The Rev. A., M.A., 441, 616, 822 
Melville-Cartwright, Lady Elizabeth Leslie, 195, 

226, 359 
Menzies, William Stewart, Esq., 540, 565,694,1107 
Merry, Alfred S., Esq., 483 
Mieville, Louis, Esq., 1154, 1 156 
Milford, The Right Hon. Lady, 1050, 1074 
Milner, Sir Frederick, Bart., 358 
Mitford, A. B. Freeman, Esq., 949 
Mitford, Towneley W'., Esq., 375, 1078 
Montagu, H., Esq., 444 
Moreton-in-the-Marsh, Cottage Hospital, 808 
Morrison, Alfred, Esq., 28, 70, 361, 827-854, 926- 

929, 931, 934, 936, 941, 942, 956, 957, 9(^^y 

967, 973, 974, 980, 985, 989, 1016 
Murray, Sheriff A. Erskine, 59, 935, 960, 961, 

981, 982, 1002 
Murray, G., Esq., 695 
]\Iusgrave, George A., Esq., F.R.G. S., &c., 71, 

258, 665, 882 

jSTapier and Ettrick, Lord, 350, 563, 629 
Nicholson, Albert, Esq., 688, 704, 872, 873, S76, 

877 
Norfolk, The Duke of,E.M.,K.G.,68, 74, 307, 308 
Northesk, The Earl of, 147, 184, 196, 320, 454, 

455, 1125 
Northumberland, The Duke of, K.G., 48, 72, 76, 
93, 106, 122, 125, 130 

Orde, The Dowager Lady, 229-243 

Orford, Earl of, 207-209 

Oscott College, The President of, 464, 475, 963 

Ossone, Charles de, Esq., 783 

Oxford, The University of, 197 

Paton, Walter H., Esq., 825* 
Petrie, The Misses, 560, 662, 703 
Pett, E. Pattison, Esq., 390 

Ponsonby, General The Right Hon. Sir Henry F., 
1 1 14 \^Read Won. Sir S. Ponsonby-Fane.] 



Index of Exhibitors. 



243 



Ponsonby, Mrs. John, 591, 614 

Portland, The Duke of, 58, 63, 66, 84, 150, 222, 

250, 252, 254, 274, 287, 289, 299-303, 305, 

405-408 
Powerscoiirt, Viscount, K.P., 51, 152 
Prior, T., Esq., 868 

Read, F. T., Esq., 275, 414, 884, 886 

Ready, Robert, Esq., 3066 

Reid, H. G., Esq., 823 

Richmond and Gordon, The Duke of, K. G. , 94, 

104, 115, 119, 137, 272, 278,446,469, 590, 

1076 
Riddell, Francis H., Esq., 102,494, 1079 
Robinson, The Rev. Sir Frederick, Bart., 463 
Rodway, A. J., Esq., 340, 450, 492, 1034, 1060 
Rose, Miss, 11 13 

Rowland, Stephen N., Esq., 1059 
Rushbrooke, Robert Wyndham Jermyn, Esq., 

387, 779, 801, 810 

St. Albans, The Duchess of, 133, 366 

St. Albans, The Duke of, 99, 112, 128, 134, 140, 

381, 402, 409, 419, 440, 470, 474, 1072, 1 153 
St. John of Jerusalem, The Hospital of, 314 
St. John's College, Oxford, 205, 206 
Sandell, J., Esq., 775 

Scharf, George, Esq., C.B.,37/1,215,215*, 223,871 
Scott, The Hon. Mrs. Maxwell, 12, 342, 354, 356, 

392,442,557,596,659,785 
Seton, David, 355, 386 

Seymour-Lucas, J., Esq., A.R.A,, F.S.A., 1146 
Shaw, Mrs., 569, 682*, 1089 
Sinclair, John, Esq., 325 
Singleton, Mrs., 221, 246, 251, 257, 262, 279, 362, 

658, 1057 
Skeet, Francis J. A., Esq., 1063 
Skelton, The Rev. W. J., 1065 
Skinner, William, Esq. , 821 
Snagge, His Honour Judge, 905^^ 
Somes, George, Esq., 374*, 376* 
Sparrow, C. H. Burnaby, Esq., 280, 293 
Speid, Mrs., 477 
Spencer, The Earl, K.G., 121, 131, 132, 163, 

164, 172 
Squire, W. Barclay, Esq., 383, 491, 709* 
Stanhope, The Earl, 412, 413 
Steer, kev, Hornby, 1 134 
Stephens, F. G., Esq., 826 
Stephenson, Sir William, K.C.B., 377-380 
Stewart, John, Esq., 696, 972 
Stewart, Miss Mary, 588 
Still, Capt. C. M., 453 
Stirling of Keir, A., Esq., 11, 54 



Stonyhurst College, The Rector of, 144-146, 154, 

162, 183, 186, 203, 317, 481, 482, 1013 
Strathallan, The Viscount, 1131 
Strathmore and Kinghorne, the Earl of, 192 
Stroud, F., Esq., 1064 
Stuart, The Hon. Mrs. E. Maxwell, 312 
Stuart, W. J., Esq., <)0^c, 1000, 1029, 1032 
Sutherland, The Duke of, K.G., 891 
Sykes, Sir Tatton, Bart., 11 23 

Threipland, W. Murray, Esq., 310, 327, 32S, 334, 

349, 502, 527-533, 682, 683, 792, 794, 802, 990, 

1075, 1 129, 1 130 
Thompson, Captain Anstruther, 329, 335, 625- 

627, 630, 635, 700, 782, 787, 903 
Thornbcr, Harry, Esq., 856, 858, S61-865, 893, 

894, 896, 898, 899 
Tomlinson, Walter, Esq., 897 
Trevelyan, Sir Alfred, Bart., 260, 692 
Trotter, Alex. Pelham, Esq., 500, 503, 558, 595, 

623, 685, 703*, 706, 1008, 1009, 1012^, 1018- 

1021 
Trotter, Coutts, Esq., 353 
Tweedie, Alexander P'orbes, Esq., 504 

Verulam, The Earl of, 120, 193, 194, 204 

Walters, The Rev. E. Huth, 541 

Wardle, Mrs., 649 

Warwick, The Earl of, 78 

Waterford, Louisa, Marchioness of, 109, 117, 168 

Webster, Claude, Esq., 1147 

Weldon, Sir A., 1062 

Wells-Dymoke, E. L., Esq., 819 

Wharncliffe, The Earl of, 31, 247, 248, 271, 285, 

655, 686, 687 
Whelan, Francis, Esq., 1080 
White, William, Esq., 369 
Whitehead, Thomas Miller, Esq., 505 
Whitgreave, Francis, Esq., 1145 
Williams-Wynn, Dowager Lady, iioo 
Williamson, Miss Margaret Macalistec, 543 
Willoughby de Eresby, Lord, 224, 225, 227, 244, 

245, 290, 294*, 306, 510, 562, 667-669, 676- 

679, 705, 708, 709, 710, 710* 
Winchilsea, The Earl of, 656 
Windsor, The Vicar of, 954 
Withall, Walter, Esq., 1 159 
Witham, Robert Maxwell, Esq., 286, 480, 534 
Woodd, Basil T., Esq., 1127 
Woolcombe, The Rev. Walker, 621 
Worsley, C. S. Esq., 462* 
Wunett, Capt. L., 465 



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