Hedwig of Denmark
|Hedwig of Denmark|
|Electress of Saxony|
|Born||5 August 1581|
Frederiksborg Palace, Hillerød, Kingdom of Denmark
|Died||26 November 1641 (aged 60)|
Schloss Lichtenburg, Prettin, Electorate of Saxony
|Spouse||Christian II, Elector of Saxony|
|Father||Frederick II of Denmark|
|Mother||Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow|
|House of Oldenburg|
Princess Hedwig of Denmark (5 August 1581 – 26 November 1641) was the youngest daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark and Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, and Electress of Saxony from 1602 to 1611 as the wife of Christian II. The marriage was childless, and her husband was succeeded by his brother John George. After Christian's death in 1611, the Dowager Electress Hedwig held a powerful position in Saxony. 
Early life and marriage
Hedwig was born on 5 August 1581 at Frederiksborg Palace in Denmark, the seventh child and fourth daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark and Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow. One of her three sisters was Princess Anne of Denmark, future queen of England and Scotland, and one of her brothers became Christian IV of Denmark. Like her siblings, she spent most of her childhood away from Denmark: in her case with her mother's relative in Mecklenburg.
Life as Dowager Electress
When her husband died in 1611, Hedwig became Dowager Electress in charge of the police and courts. She shared her authority with the new Elector, but her subjects considered her their sovereign. She was able to maintain her independence from her brother-in-law when it came to trade and commerce. She acted independently, granting letters of free passage etc., something that was normally the prerogative of the Elector. She founded churches and aided the poor, sick, and disabled.
As sister of the Danish King Christian IV and sister-in-law of King James I of England, she cultivated important connections for her brother-in-law, Elector John George I, and was involved in arranging the marriages of five of his seven children. Because of her position and connections, her territories were hardly attacked during the Thirty Years' War.
She died on 26 November 1641 at Schloss Lichtenburg in Prettin.
|Ancestors of Hedwig of Denmark|
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