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A Cloud in Pants (Облако в штанах, Oblako v shtanakh) is a poem by Vladimir Mayakovsky written in 1914 and first published in 1915 by Osip Brik.
A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom was published in two volumes by Andrew Dickson White, a founder of Cornell University, in 1896.
"A Royal Flush" is the fifth Christmas special episode of the BBC sitcom, Only Fools and Horses, first screened on 25 December 1986.
A Season of Giants (La primavera di Michelangelo, also known as Michelangelo: The Last Giant) is a 1990 American-Italian biographical drama television film directed by Jerry London.
A World Lit Only by Fire (1992), by American historian William Manchester, is an informal history of the European Middle Ages, structured into three sections: "The Medieval Mind", "The Shattering", and "One Man Alone".
A.J.’s Time Travelers is a 1994 children’s fantasy series that aired on the Fox television network.
Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France.
Abbey Ryan (born 1979, New Jersey) is a contemporary American painter and educator, best known for her representational, classical realism still life and tromp l’oeil paintings.
Abel Foullon; France, (1513–1563 or 1565) was an author, director of the Mint for Henry II of France and also an engineer to the king of France after Leonardo da Vinci.
Absolute Genius with Dick and Dom (Previously also known as Appsolute Genius: with Dick & Dom and Absolute Genius: Super Tech with Dick & Dom) (Currently known as Absolute Genius: Monster Builds) is a British television series broadcast on CBBC and presented by Richard McCourt and Dominic Wood (Dick and Dom).
Abraham Moritz Warburg, known as Aby Warburg (June 13, 1866 – October 26, 1929), was a German art historian and cultural theorist who founded a private Library for Cultural Studies, the Kulturwissenschaftliche Bibliothek Warburg, which was later moved to the Warburg Institute, London.
Acéphale is the name of a public review created by Georges Bataille (which numbered five issues, from 1936 to 1939) and a secret society formed by Bataille and others who had sworn to keep silent.
The Accademia della Crusca ("Academy of the Bran"), generally abbreviated as La Crusca, is an Italian society for scholars and Italian linguists and philologists established in Florence.
Acquafraggia (also Acqua Fraggia) is a short and frequently steep torrente, or seasonal stream, of the province of Sondrio in Lombardy, north Italy.
Adelaide Kemble (13 February 18154 August 1879) was an English opera singer of the Victorian era, and a member of the Kemble family of actors.
Adi Nes (born 1966) is an Israeli photographer.
The Adicolor concept was launched by Adidas in 1983 where trainers (sneakers) were sold with the tools that they could be customised by the purchaser.
Adnan Ibrahim is a Palestinian Islamic scholar who holds a masters and a PhD in Arabic studies from the University of Vienna.
Adolf Mauritz Fonahn (15 June 1873 – 21 August 1940) was a Norwegian physician, medical historian and orientalist.
Carl Adolf Rosenberg (1850 – 1906) was a German theater critic and art historian.
Adolfo Venturi (3 September 1856, Modena – 10 June 1941, Santa Margherita Ligure) was an Italian art historian.
The Adoration of the Magi is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Filippino Lippi.
The Adoration of the Magi is an early painting by Leonardo da Vinci.
The Adoration of the Magi is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Domenico Ghirlandaio, executed around 1485-1488 and housed in the Ospedale degli Innocenti gallery in Florence, Italy.
The Adoration of the Magi is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Pietro Perugino, housed in the Galleria Nazionale dell'Umbria of Perugia, Italy.
The Adoration of the Shepherds is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Lorenzo di Credi, dating to about 1510.
Adrian Nicholas (4 March 1962 – 17 September 2005) was a British skydiver who completed more than 8,000 jumps in 30 countries.
Adriana Aleixo Pereira de Barros (born 1976) is a Portuguese and Canadian illustrator, web designer, and poet.
Aerial perspective or atmospheric perspective refers to the effect the atmosphere has on the appearance of an object as it is viewed from a distance.
Aeronautics (from the ancient Greek words ὰήρ āēr, which means "air", and ναυτική nautikē which means "navigation", i.e. "navigation into the air") is the science or art involved with the study, design, and manufacturing of air flight capable machines, and the techniques of operating aircraft and rockets within the atmosphere.
Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.
Affori is a ward of Milan, Italy, part of the Zone 9 administrative division of the city, located north of the city centre.
Afghan Girl is a 1984 photographic portrait of Sharbat Gula (شربت ګله) (pronounced) (born), also known as Sharbat Bibi, by journalist Steve McCurry.
is a Japanese ''seinen'' manga series written and illustrated by Kumiko Suekane.
The fourth season of the American television series Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., based on the Marvel Comics organization S.H.I.E.L.D. (Strategic Homeland Intervention, Enforcement, and Logistics Division), revolves around the character of Phil Coulson and other S.H.I.E.L.D. agents and allies as they deal with various enhanced individuals following the signing of the Sokovia Accords.
Ages Ago, sometimes stylised as Ages Ago! or Ages Ago!!, is a musical entertainment with a libretto by W. S. Gilbert and music by Frederic Clay that premiered on 22 November 1869 at the Royal Gallery of Illustration.
Agostino Vespucci was a Florentine chancellery official, clerk, and assistant to Niccolò Machiavelli, among others.
Ailsa Mellon Bruce (June 28, 1901 – August 25, 1969) was a prominent American socialite and philanthropist who established the Avalon Foundation.
An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller or rocket engine.
The Alabama School of Mathematics and Science (ASMS) is a public residential high school in the Midtown neighborhood of Mobile, Alabama.
Alain Tasso (born July 22, 1962 in Beirut) is a Lebanese-French poet, painter and essayist.
Alan Yentob (born 11 March 1947) is an English television executive and presenter.
The Albertina is a museum in the Innere Stadt (First District) of Vienna, Austria.
Albrecht Dürer (21 May 1471 – 6 April 1528)Müller, Peter O. (1993) Substantiv-Derivation in Den Schriften Albrecht Dürers, Walter de Gruyter.
Alejandro Guijarro (born 1979) is a Spanish contemporary artist who currently works between London and Madrid.
Alessandro di Cristofano di Lorenzo del Bronzino Allori (Florence, 31 May 153522 September 1607) was an Italian portrait painter of the late Mannerist Florentine school.
Content in this edit is translated from the existing Italian Wikipedia article at Alessandro Berri page in Wikipedia Italy; see its history for attribution. Alessandro Berri (Castelnuovo Scrivia, end XV century - Castelnuovo Scrivia, 2nd half XVI century) was an Italian painter who lived in Piedmont around the 1500s.
Count Alessandro di Cagliostro (2 June 1743 – 26 August 1795) was the alias of the occultist Giuseppe Balsamo (in French usually referred to as Joseph Balsamo). Cagliostro was an Italian adventurer and self-styled magician.
Alethea Howard, 13th Baroness Furnivall, Countess of Arundel (1585 &ndash), née Lady Alethea Talbot (pronounced "Al-ee-thia"), was the wife of Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel.
Alexander Cozens (1717–1786) was a British landscape painter in watercolours, born in Russia.
Alexander Day (ca. 1751 – 12 January 1841) was a miniature painter and art dealer.
Peter Alexander Goehr (born 10 August 1932) is an English composer and academic.
Alexander Iolas or Alexandre Iolas (Greek: Αλέξανδρος Ιόλας; born Κωνσταντίνος Κουτσούδης Constantine Koutsoudis, 25 March 1907 – 8 June 1987) was a Greek gallerist and collector.
Alexander Parish is a New York art dealer and the joint former owner of the Salvator Mundi by Leonardo da Vinci.
Alexander Tzonis (Αλέξανδρος Τζώνης; born November 8, 1937) is a Greek born architect, researcher and author.
Alexander George (Alex) Weygers, (October 12, 1901–July 23, 1989), was a polymath Dutch-American artist who is best known as a sculptor, painter, print maker, blacksmith, carpenter, philosopher, Aerospace engineer and author.
Alexandra Rozenman is a contemporary Russian-American artist, active in the fields of painting, graphics, and book illustration.
Alexandre Nikolayevich Benois (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Бенуа́, also spelled Alexander Benois;,Salmina-Haskell, Larissa. Russian Paintings and Drawings in the Ashmolean Museum. pp. 15, 23-24. Published by Ashmolean Museum, 1989 Saint Petersburg9 February 1960, Paris) was a Russian artist, art critic, historian, preservationist, and founding member of Mir iskusstva (World of Art), an art movement and magazine.
Alexandre Jean-Baptiste Brun (Marseille, November 3, 1853-Marseille, November 5, 1941) was a French painter, a pupil of Alexandre Cabanel, Carolus-Duran and Felix Bracquemond.
Alfred Noyes CBE (16 September 188025 June 1958) was an English poet, short-story writer and playwright, best known for his ballads, "The Highwayman" and "The Barrel-Organ".
Alfredo Da Silva (born February 20, 1935) is a painter, graphic artist, and photographer, known for his abstract expressionism.
Algernon Bertram Freeman-Mitford, 1st Baron Redesdale, GCVO, KCB, DL (24 February 183717 August 1916) was a British diplomat, collector and writer.
Alias is an American action television series created by J. J. Abrams, that was broadcast on ABC for five seasons, from September 30, 2001, to May 22, 2006.
Alien Planet is a 94-minute docufiction, originally airing on the Discovery Channel, about two internationally built robot probes searching for alien life on the fictional planet Darwin IV.
All Saints Church is in the village of Scholar Green in the parish of Odd Rode, Cheshire, England.
All You Can Eat is the third major-label studio album release by American glam metal band Steel Panther, released on April 1, 2014 on the independent label Open E Music, via Kobalt Label Services.
Allan Chapman FRAS (born 30 May 1946) is a British historian of science.
Allegory is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Filippino Lippi, executed around 1498.
The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.
The Alte Pinakothek (Old Pinakothek) is an art museum located in the Kunstareal area in Munich, Germany.
Amaranth Roslyn Ehrenhalt (January 15, 1928) is an American painter, sculptor, and writer, who spent the majority of her career living and working in Paris, France.
Amaretto (Italian for "a little bitter") is a sweet Italian liqueur that originated in Saronno, Italy.
An amateur (French amateur "lover of", from Old French and ultimately from Latin amatorem nom. amator, "lover") is generally considered a person who pursues a particular activity or field of study independently from their source of income.
Ambidexterity is the state of being equally adapted in the use of both the left and the right hand.
Amboise is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France.
Ambrogio Borgognone (variously known as Ambrogio da Fossano, Ambrogio di Stefano da Fossano, Ambrogio Stefani da Fossano or as il Bergognone or Ambrogio Egogni s1523/1524) was an Italian painter of the Renaissance period active in and near Milan.
Americo Makk (1927–May 5, 2015) was a painter and portrait artist originally from Hungary, who immigrated to the United States with his family in 1962 to escape the communist movement in Brazil.
An anachronism (from the Greek ἀνά ana, "against" and χρόνος khronos, "time") is a chronological inconsistency in some arrangement, especially a juxtaposition of persons, events, objects, or customs from different periods of time.
Anamorphosis is a distorted projection or perspective requiring the viewer to use special devices or occupy a specific vantage point (or both) to reconstitute the image.
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
Anchiano is a village (frazione) in the comune of Vinci, Tuscany, central Italy.
Ancient Aliens is an American television series that premiered on April 20, 2010, on the History channel.
Ancient Discoveries is a television series that premiered on December 21, 2003, on The History Channel.
André Chastel (15 November 1912, Paris – 18 July 1990, Neuilly-sur-Seine) was a French art historian, author of an important work on the Italian Renaissance.
Andrea del Castagno (or Andrea di Bartolo di Bargilla; 1419 – 19 August 1457) was an Italian painter from Florence, influenced chiefly by Tommaso Masaccio and Giotto di Bondone.
Andrea del Sarto (1486–1530) was an Italian painter from Florence, whose career flourished during the High Renaissance and early Mannerism.
Andrea del Verrocchio (1435 – 1488), born Andrea di Michele di Francesco de' Cioni, was an Italian painter, sculptor, and goldsmith who was a master of an important workshop in Florence.
Andrea Mantegna (September 13, 1506) was an Italian painter, a student of Roman archeology, and son-in-law of Jacopo Bellini.
Andrea Solari (also Solario) (1460–1524) was an Italian Renaissance painter of the Milanese school.
Andreas Vogler (born January 15, 1964 in Basel) is a Swiss architect, designer and artist.
The Langs' Fairy Books are a series of 25 collections of true and fictional stories for children published between 1889 and 1913.
Andrew MacLaren (28 May 1883 – 1975) was an Independent Labour Party politician.
Andy Paiko (born September 10, 1977, Woodland, California, United States) is an American glass sculptor.
Andy Warhol (born Andrew Warhola; August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987) was an American artist, director and producer who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art.
An anemoscope is a device invented to show the direction of the wind, or to foretell a change of wind direction or weather.
Angel of the West is an outdoor sculpture in Jupiter, Florida, USA.
Angela Borgia or Borja, (born in Rome c. 1486; Died in Sassuolo c. 1520–1522).
Maria Anna Angelika Kauffmann (30 October 1741 – 5 November 1807), usually known in English as Angelica Kauffman, was a Swiss Neoclassical painter who had a successful career in London and Rome.
Angels have appeared in works of art since early Christian art, and they have been a popular subject for Byzantine and European paintings and sculpture.
Anghiari is a hilltop town and comune in the Province of Arezzo (Tuscany, Italy).
Angolo Terme (Angól in Camunian dialect) is a comune in Val Camonica, province of Brescia, in Lombardy, Italy.
Angus Sampson (born 1978 or 1979) is an Australian actor, director, producer, writer, and voice-over artist.
Animated Hero Classics is an educational Animated television series of programs co-produced by Nest Family Entertainment, Living History Productions, Warner-Nest Animation and Crest Animation Productions.
Animatronics refers to the use of robotic devices to emulate a human or an animal, or bring lifelike characteristics to an otherwise inanimate object.
Anker Smith (1759–1819) was an English line engraver.
The ankle, or the talocrural region, is the region where the foot and the leg meet.
Sister Anna Hadija Ali (29 December 1966 – 6 June 2012) was a Kenyan Religious Sister of the Pious Union of the Daughters of Jesus the Good Shepherd.
Anna Maria Brizio (1902-1982) was professor of art history at the University of Milan, a member of the Commissione Vinciana and an authority on the work of Leonardo da Vinci.
Anne de Bretagne is a rock opera by Alan Simon, based on the life of Anne of Brittany.
Anne of Brittany (25/26 January 1477 – 9 January 1514) was Duchess of Brittany from 1488 until her death, and queen consort of France from 1491 to 1498 and from 1499 to her death.
The Annunciation (from Latin annuntiatio), also referred to as the Annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Annunciation of Our Lady, or the Annunciation of the Lord, is the Christian celebration of the announcement by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary that she would conceive and become the mother of Jesus, the Son of God, marking his Incarnation.
Annunciation is a painting by the Italian Renaissance artists Leonardo da Vinci and Andrea del Verrocchio, dating from circa 1472–1475.
The Annunciation has been one of the most frequent subjects of Christian art.
The Annunziata Polyptych is a painting cycle started by Filippino Lippi and finished by Pietro Perugino, whose central panel is now divided between the Galleria dell'Accademia (Deposition from the Cross) and the Basilica dell'Annunziata, both in Florence, Italy.
An anonymous author known as the Anonimo Gaddiano, Anonimo Magliabechiano, or Anonimo Fiorentino ("the anonymous Florentine") is the author of the Codice Magliabechiano or Magliabechiano, a manuscript with 128 pages of text, probably from the 1530s and 1540s, and now in the Central National Library of Florence (Magliab. XVII, 17).
The Ansidei Madonna (Italian: Pala Ansidei) is a 1505–1507 painting by the Italian High Renaissance artist Raphael, painted during his Florentine period.
Anthony Conrad George (born January 7, 1938) is a Grenadian artist known for being the designer of the Grenadian National Flag.
Antonio Allegri da Correggio (August 1489 – March 5, 1534), usually known as Correggio, was the foremost painter of the Parma school of the Italian Renaissance, who was responsible for some of the most vigorous and sensuous works of the 16th century.
Antonio Diego Voci (VOH-chee 1920–1985) was an internationally collected Italian figurative artist with the largest group of owners of his works residing in Switzerland, England, Germany, Italy, Canada and the US; as well as various works scattered the world over.
Antonio Solario (active perhaps 1502–1518), also known as "Lo Zingaro" ("The Gypsy") was an Italian painter of the Venetian school, who worked in Naples, the Marche and possibly England.
Sir Antony Sher, KBE (born 14 June 1949) is a British actor of South African origin, a two-time Laurence Olivier Award winner and four-time nominee, who joined the Royal Shakespeare Company in 1982 and toured in many roles, as well as appearing on film and TV, and working as a writer and theatre director.
Ape index, or ape factor, or gorilla index is slang or jargon used to describe a measure of the ratio of an individual's arm span relative to their height.
"Apeshit" (stylized in all caps) is a song by American artists Beyoncé and Jay-Z, jointly credited as The Carters, from their first joint album Everything Is Love (2018).
Apprentices mobility is the movement of students and teachers in vocational education or training (VET) to another institution inside or outside their own country to study or teach for a limited time.
Arcadia Productions is the largest English-speaking theatre company in Italy.
Archibald MacLeish (May 7, 1892 – April 20, 1982) was an American poet and writer who was associated with the modernist school of poetry.
The Architects and Engineers Building is an office building in downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, designed by locally notable architects Hewitt and Brown and built by builders Pike and Cook.
Architecture and Vision (AV) is an international and multidisciplinary partnership working in architecture, design and art.
Chiswick House is an example of English Palladian Architecture in Burlington Lane, Chiswick, in the London Borough of Hounslow in England.
Lhasa is noted for its traditional buildings and structures related to Tibetan Buddhism.
As with other cities in Ireland, Limerick has a history of great architecture.
The architecture of the Song dynasty (960–1279) was noted for its towering Buddhist pagodas, enormous stone and wooden bridges, lavish tombs, and extravagant palaces.
The Architonnerre (Architronito) was a steam-powered cannon, a description of which is found in the papers of Leonardo da Vinci dating to the late 15th century, although he attributes its invention to Archimedes in the 3rd century BC.
In geometry, the area enclosed by a circle of radius is.
Arlecchino, oder Die Fenster (Harlequin, or The Windows, is a one-act opera with spoken dialog by Ferruccio Busoni, with a libretto in German, composed in 1913.
Armand Point (23 March 1860"Point, Armand." Benezit Dictionary of Artists, Oxford Art Online, Oxford University Press. Retrieved 20 June 2014. or 23 March 1861"Point, Armand." Colette E. Bidon, Grove Art on Line, Oxford Art Online, Oxford University Press. Retrieved 20 June 2014. – February 1932 or March 1932) was a French painter, engraver and designer who was associated with the Symbolist movement and was one of the founders of the Salon de la Rose + Croix.
Armenians in Italy covers the Armenians who live in Italy.
An armored car (or armored cash transport car, security van) is an armored van or truck, used in transporting valuables, such as large quantities of money (especially for banks or retail companies).
An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is an armed combat vehicle protected by armour, generally combining operational mobility with offensive and defensive capabilities.
Arne Nordheim (20 June 1931 – 5 June 2010) was a Norwegian composer.
Ars Magica is the second novel of Spanish author Nerea Riesco, first published on May fourth 2007.
Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author's imaginative, conceptual idea, or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.
Art & Antiques is an American arts magazine.
An art auction or fine art auction is the sale of art works, in most cases in an auction house.
The art collection of Holkham Hall in Norfolk, England remains very largely that which the original owner intended the house to display; the house was designed around the art collection acquired (a few works were commissioned) by Thomas Coke 1st Earl of Leicester during his Grand Tour of Italy during 1712–18.
An art diary, art journal or visual journal is a daily journal kept by artists, often containing both words and sketches, and occasionally including mixed media elements such as collages.
Art forgery is the creating and selling of works of art which are falsely credited to other, usually more famous artists.
Art history is the study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts; that is genre, design, format, and style.
Art in Paris is an article on the art culture and history in Paris, the capital of France.
The art of Europe, or Western art, encompasses the history of visual art in Europe.
Art theft is usually for the purpose of resale or for ransom (sometimes called artnapping).
An artist is a person engaged in an activity related to creating art, practicing the arts, or demonstrating an art.
The Artist-scientist is one of the Jungian archetypes in mythology.
Artogne (Artògne in camunian dialect) is an Italian comune in the province of Brescia, in Lombardy (Italy).
Arts towns, also called arts cities, art towns or art cities, are cities or towns that are dedicated to and recognized as having art as a central feature to their cultural identity.
ArtScience Museum is a museum located within the integrated resort of Marina Bay Sands in the Downtown Core of the Central Area in Singapore.
Arturo Vittori (Viterbo, Italy, born October 1, 1971), is an Italian artist, architect, and industrial designer.
ArtWatch International was founded by James Beck, professor of art history at Columbia University, to monitor, and campaign for better practices in, the conservation of art works.
The Ashmolean Museum (in full the Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology) on Beaumont Street, Oxford, England, is the world's first university museum.
Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology is a history of science by Isaac Asimov, written as the biographies of over 1500 scientists.
Assassin's Creed is a franchise centered on an action-adventure video game series developed by Ubisoft.
Assassin's Creed Identity is an action-adventure video game developed by Blue Byte and published by Ubisoft.
Assassin's Creed II is a 2009 action-adventure video game developed by Ubisoft Montreal and published by Ubisoft.
Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood is a 2010 action-adventure video game developed by Ubisoft Montreal and published by Ubisoft.
The Astrarium of Giovanni Dondi dell'Orologio was a complex astronomical clock built between 1348 and 1364 in Padova, Italy, by the doctor and clock-maker Giovanni Dondi dell'Orologio.
An atelier is the private workshop or studio of a professional artist in the fine or decorative arts, where a principal master and a number of assistants, students, and apprentices can work together producing pieces of fine art or visual art released under the master's name or supervision.
Athanasius Kircher, S.J. (sometimes erroneously spelled Kirchner; Athanasius Kircherus, 2 May 1602 – 28 November 1680) was a German Jesuit scholar and polymath who published around 40 major works, most notably in the fields of comparative religion, geology, and medicine.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
The Auckland War Memorial Museum Tāmaki Paenga Hira (or simply the Auckland Museum) is one of New Zealand's most important museums and war memorials.
The following events occurred in August 1911.
Auguste Gaspard Louis, Baron Boucher-Desnoyers (19 December 1779 in Paris – 16 February 1857), was one of the most eminent of modern French engravers.
Augusto Marinoni (15 June 1911, Legnano - 31 December 1997) was professor of Filologia Romaza at the Catholic University of Milan, a member of the Commisione Vinciana and the Academy of Lingei.
An automatic lathe is a lathe (usually a metalworking lathe) whose actions are controlled automatically.
An automaton (plural: automata or automatons) is a self-operating machine, or a machine or control mechanism designed to automatically follow a predetermined sequence of operations, or respond to predetermined instructions.
Ayşe Oren (born May 28, 1980 in Ankara, Turkey) is a Turkish architect, designer and sculptor.
Azamat Kaisynovich Kuliev (born March 1, 1963) is a Russian artist.
Ås is a municipality in Akershus county, Norway.
An écorché is a figure drawn, painted, or sculpted showing the muscles of the body without skin, normally as a figure study for another work or as an exercise for a student artist.
Éragny (sometimes unofficially called Éragny-sur-Oise) is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France.
İlhan Koman (June 17, 1921 – December 30, 1986) was a Turkish sculptor.
Babar's Museum of Art (or Babar's Gallery) was the collaborative product of Laurent de Brunhoff (illustrations) and his wife Phyllis Rose de Brunhoff (text) for the Babar the Elephant series.
Bacchus, formerly Saint John the Baptist, is a painting in the Musée du Louvre, Paris, France, based on a drawing by the Italian Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci.
A bachelor is a man who is socially regarded as able to marry, but has not yet.
Badr bin Abdullah bin Mohammed Al Farhan Al Saud is the chairman of ministry of culture.
The Bagatti Valsecchi Museum is a historic house museum in the Montenapoleone district of downtown Milan, northern Italy.
Balance is the tenth studio album by American hard rock band Van Halen, released on January 24, 1995 by Warner Bros. Records.
Baldassare Verazzi (6 January 1819 in Caprezzo, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Piedmont – 18 January 1886 in Lesa) was an Italian painter.
Banality is a series of sculptures by American artist Jeff Koons.
Banksy is an anonymous England-based graffiti artist, political activist and film director.
The are the fictional antagonists from Engine Sentai Go-onger.
"Bart's Girlfriend" is the seventh episode of The Simpsons' sixth season.
Bartolomé Ordóñez (c. 1480 – 6 December 1520) was a Spanish Renaissance sculptor.
Bartolomeo Veneto (active 1502–1531) was an Italian painter who worked in Venice, the Veneto (the mainland), and Lombardy.
Bartolommeo (or Baccio) Bandinelli, actually Bartolommeo Brandini (17 October 1493 – shortly before 7 February 1560), was a Renaissance Italian sculptor, draughtsman and painter.
Basildon is a civil parish in the English county of Berkshire.
The Basilica of Our Lady of Mercy (Basílica Menor de Nuestra Señora de la Merced) is a minor basilica in Yarumal, Colombia.
The Basilica of San Lorenzo Maggiore is church in Milan, northern Italy.
The National Basilica of the Sacred Heart (Basilique Nationale du Sacré-Cœur, Nationale Basiliek van het Heilig-Hart) is a Roman Catholic Minor Basilica and parish church in Brussels, Belgium.
In European bestiaries and legends, a basilisk (or, from the Greek βασιλίσκος basilískos, "little king"; Latin regulus) is a legendary reptile reputed to be a serpent king who can cause death with a single glance.
Batman is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics.
The Batsuit (or Bat-Suit) is the costume of the fictional superhero Batman, who appears in American comic books published by DC Comics.
The Battle of Anghiari was fought on 29 June 1440, between the forces of Milan and those of the Italian League led by the Republic of Florence in the course of the Wars in Lombardy. The battle was a victory for the Florentines, securing Florentine domination of central Italy. The battle is well known for its depiction in a now-lost painting by Leonardo da Vinci. It is also remarkable for the fact that though the battle lasted all day, involving several thousand troops, it was said that only one soldier was killed. According to Niccolò Machiavelli after four hours of skirmishing the single death occurred "when a soldier fell off his horse".
The Battle of Cascina was an engagement between Pisan and Florentine troops on 28 July 1364 near Cascina, Italy.
The Battle of Cascina is a lost artwork by Michelangelo.
The Battle of Marignano was fought during the phase of the Italian Wars (1494–1559) called the War of the League of Cambrai, between France and the Old Swiss Confederacy.
The Battle of the Nudes or Battle of the Naked Men, probably dating from 1465–1475, is an engraving by the Florentine goldsmith and sculptor Antonio del Pollaiuolo which is one of the most significant old master prints of the Italian Renaissance.
Béatrice Casadesus (born 1 January 1942) is a French painter and sculptor, and professor at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris, France.
Bückeburg is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany, on the border with North Rhine Westphalia.
A beard is the collection of hair that grows on the chin and cheeks of humans and some non-human animals.
A bearing is a machine element that constrains relative motion to only the desired motion, and reduces friction between moving parts.
Beatrice d'Este (29 June 1475 – 3 January 1497), was duchess of Bari and Milan by marriage to Ludovico Sforza (known as "il Moro").
Beatrice von Dovsky (14 November 1866, Vienna – 18 July 1923, Vienna) was an Austrian poet, writer, and actress.
Beatriz González is a painter, sculptor, critic, curator, art historian, and is considered one of the founders of what is known today as Modern Colombian Art.
Bedsitcom is a British reality television hoax series that was broadcast on Channel 4 in December 2003.
The Benelli Vinci is a semi-automatic shotgun manufactured and sold by Benelli Armi SpA.
Benjamin N. Cardozo High School is a public high school in Bayside, Queens of New York City, United States, and is operated by the New York City Department of Education.
Benjamin Taylor (born 1952) is an American writer whose work has appeared in a number of publications including Harper's, Esquire, Bookforum, BOMB, the Los Angeles Times, Le Monde, The Georgia Review, Raritan Quarterly Review, Threepenny Review, Salmagundi, Provincetown Arts and The Reading Room.
Madonna and Child with Flowers, otherwise known as the Benois Madonna, could be one of two Madonnas Leonardo da Vinci had commented on having started in October 1478.
Bern Dibner (18August 18976January 1988) was an electrical engineer, industrialist, and historian of science and technology.
Bernard Berenson (June 26, 1865 – October 6, 1959) was an American art historian specializing in the Renaissance.
Bernard Ratzer was a British cartographer, best known for his 18th-century maps of early New York City.
Bernardino Luini (c. 1480/82 – June 1532) was a North Italian painter from Leonardo's circle.
Bernardo Bandini Baroncelli (15 January 1420-29 December 1479) was an Italian merchant and one of the instigators of the Pazzi Conspiracy.
Bernardo Bellincioni (1452–1492) was an Italian poet, who began his career in the court of Lorenzo the Magnificent in Florence.
Bernardo (or Bernardino) Zenale (c. 1460 – 1526) was an Italian painter and architect.
A bestiary, or bestiarum vocabulum, is a compendium of beasts.
Beyoğlu is a district located on the European side of İstanbul, Turkey, separated from the old city (historic peninsula of Constantinople) by the Golden Horn.
The Biblioteca Ambrosiana is a historic library in Milan, Italy, also housing the Pinacoteca Ambrosiana, the Ambrosian art gallery.
The biceps, also biceps brachii is a two-headed muscle that lies on the upper arm between the shoulder and the elbow.
, a master Noh mask carver in the Hōshō tradition, was born Yamaguchi Hiroki on February 28, 1970, in Fukuoka, Fukuoka, on the island of Kyūshū in Japan.
Big Brother 2009, also known as Big Brother 10, was the tenth series of the British reality television series Big Brother.
Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventures is a 1990 animated television series spinoff from the 1989 film of the same title, following the misadventures of two time-travelling slackers as they travel into the distant past and future.
Bill Duggan (born December 18, 1974) is an American actor.
William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American business magnate, investor, author, philanthropist, humanitarian, and principal founder of Microsoft Corporation.
In biology, binocular vision is a type of vision in which an animal having two eyes is able to perceive a single three-dimensional image of its surroundings.
Biological illustration is the use of technical illustration to visually communicate the structure and specific details of biological subjects of study.
Biomechanics is the study of the structure and function of the mechanical aspects of biological systems, at any level from whole organisms to organs, cells and cell organelles, using the methods of mechanics.
Biomimetics or biomimicry is the imitation of the models, systems, and elements of nature for the purpose of solving complex human problems.
Bionics or Biologically inspired engineering is the application of biological methods and systems found in nature to the study and design of engineering systems and modern technology.
Biphasic sleep (or diphasic, bimodal or bifurcated sleep) is the practice of sleeping during two periods over 24 hours, while polyphasic sleep refers to sleeping multiple times – usually more than two.
Bishop Young Church of England Academy (formerly known as David Young Community Academy) is a state-funded academy sponsored by the Church of England School Prospectus in Seacroft, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Björk Guðmundsdóttir (born 21 November 1965) is an Icelandic singer, songwriter, actress, record producer, and DJ.
Blackadder: Back & Forth is a 1999 sci-fi comedy film based on the BBC period sitcom Blackadder that marks the end of the Blackadder saga.
In the state of Ireland, blasphemy is required to be prohibited by Article 40.6.1.i. of the 1937 Constitution.
The Blériot 165 (or Bl-165) was a French airliner of the 1920s.
Blond (male), blonde (female), or fair hair, is a hair color characterized by low levels of the dark pigment eumelanin.
Blue Ribbon Comics is the name of two American comic book anthology series, the first published by the Archie Comics predecessor MLJ Magazines Inc., commonly known as MLJ Comics, during the 1930s and 1940s period known as the Golden Age of Comic Books, and the second published in the 1980s by Archie Comics under the Red Circle and Archie Adventure Series banners.
The Bođani Monastery (Манастир Бођани, Manastir Bođani) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery in the Bačka region, in the northern Serbian province of Vojvodina.
Robert "Bob" Coronato (born May 25, 1970) is an American painter and printmaker.
Robert Kane, known professionally as Bob Kane (born Robert Kahn; October 24, 1915 – November 3, 1998), was an American comic book writer and artist who co-created, with Bill Finger, the DC Comics character Batman.
Robert Norman Ross (October 29, 1942 – July 4, 1995) was an American painter, art instructor, and television host.
Bobbio (Bobbiese: Bòbi; Bêubbi; Bobium) is a small town and commune in the province of Piacenza in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy.
The Bode Museum is one of the group of museums on the Museum Island in Berlin, Germany.
While there is significant variation in anatomical proportions between people, there are many references to body proportions that are intended to be canonical, either in art, measurement, or medicine.
Boleslaw Cybis (1895–1957) was a Polish painter, sculptor, and muralist.
The Book of Ingenious Devices (Arabic: كتاب الحيل Kitab al-Hiyal, literally: "The Book of Tricks") was a large illustrated work on mechanical devices, including automata, published in 850 by the three Iraqi brothers of Persian descent, known as the Banu Musa (Ahmad, Muhammad and Hasan bin Musa ibn Shakir) working at the House of Wisdom (Bayt al-Hikma) in Baghdad, Iraq, under the Abbasid Caliphate.
The Borghese Collection is a collection of Roman sculptures, old masters and modern art collected by the Roman Borghese family, especially Cardinal Scipione Borghese, from the 17th century on.
The Borsig Palace (Palais Borsig) was an iconic building at the corner of Voßstraße and Wilhelmstraße in the center of Berlin and one of the grandest Italianate villas in Germany.
Bosco Chocolate Syrup is a brand of chocolate syrup first produced in 1928.
Brad Meltzer's Decoded, (or simply Decoded), is an American mystery and conspiracy theory investigation television series, produced by Go Go Luckey and Berman/Braun, that premiered December 2, 2010 on the History channel.
BrainPop (styled BrainPOP) is a group of educational websites with over 1,000 short animated movies for students in grades K-12 (ages 6 to 17), together with quizzes and related materials, covering the subjects of science, social studies, English, mathematics, engineering and technology, health, and arts and music.
Bartolomeo Suardi, best known as Bramantino (–), was an Italian painter and architect, mainly active in his native Milan.
Brandon Bird is an American illustrator and cartoonist.
A brazen head, brass, or bronze head was a legendary automaton in the early modern period whose ownership was ascribed to late medieval scholars who had developed a reputation as wizards, such as Roger Bacon.
The Breeders’ Cup Trophy is an authentic and totally faithful bronze reproduction of the Torrie horse.
Brent Carver (born November 17, 1951) is Canadian actor best known for his performances on Broadway in Parade as Leo Frank and Kiss of the Spider Woman as Molina, for which he won the Tony Award for Best Leading Actor in a Musical in 1993.
The Brooklyn Bridge in this waterfront scene adds depth through both perspective and atmospherics and its diagonal visual mass is compositionally balanced by the dock and building A bridge can play many roles in art, for example.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.
Brittain Dining Hall is the primary dining hall of East Campus at the Georgia Institute of Technology.
The Broadway Avenue Historic District is a historic commercial district in the North Broadway neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States.
Brown is a composite color.
Brown hair is the second most common human hair color, after black hair.
Bruno was a webcomic written and drawn by Christopher Baldwin from 1 January 1996 to 14 February 2007.
Bulletist or bulletism is an artistic process that involves shooting ink at a blank piece of paper The result is a type of ink blot.
Burano is an island in the Venetian Lagoon, northern Italy; like Venice itself, it could more correctly be called an archipelago of four islands linked by bridges.
Burgau is a town in the district of Günzburg in Swabia, Bavaria.
Burning Man is an annual event in the western United States at Black Rock City – a temporary city erected in the Black Rock Desert of northwest Nevada, approximately north-northeast of Reno.
Busch Gardens Williamsburg (formerly known as Busch Gardens Europe and Busch Gardens: The Old Country) is a theme park located in James City County, Virginia, United States.
Buzan's Book of Genius - And How To Unleash Your Own is a book that was first published in 1994 by Tony Buzan and Raymond Keene, from a study that was conducted in an effort to rank the world’s greatest geniuses, and as a self-help guide to developing individual genius.
Cabeça Dinossauro (Portuguese for Dinosaur Head) is the third studio album by Brazilian rock band Titãs.
Caramilk is a candy bar made by Cadbury in Canada.
"Californication" is the Red Hot Chili Peppers' fourth single and sixth track from their 1999 seventh studio album, Californication.
A camera is an optical instrument for recording or capturing images, which may be stored locally, transmitted to another location, or both.
vault frescoes. Coat of arms of abbess Giovanna. The fresco of Diana in the fireplace. The Camera di San Paolo (Italian: "Chamber of St. Paul) or Camera della Badessa (Italian: "Abbess' Chamber") is a room in the former Monastery of San Paolo, in Parma, northern Italy.
Camera obscura (plural camera obscura or camera obscuras; from Latin, meaning "dark room": camera "(vaulted) chamber or room," and obscura "darkened, dark"), also referred to as pinhole image, is the natural optical phenomenon that occurs when an image of a scene at the other side of a screen (or for instance a wall) is projected through a small hole in that screen as a reversed and inverted image (left to right and upside down) on a surface opposite to the opening.
The Campori Madonna is an oil on panel painting, attributed to the painter Vincenzo Rasori to Antonio da Correggio.
The campus of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology is located on a tract in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
The Canal du Midi (meaning canal of the two seas) is a long canal in Southern France (le Midi).
Canzo (in the Italian language, Canz or, in the Lombard language, depending on native or Milanese pronunciation) is a commune of the Italian province of Como.
Capillary action (sometimes capillarity, capillary motion, capillary effect, or wicking) is the ability of a liquid to flow in narrow spaces without the assistance of, or even in opposition to, external forces like gravity.
Captain Z-Ro (pronounced "zero") is an American children's television show that ran locally on KRON in San Francisco and KTTV in Los Angeles, from November 1951 through 1953, and was later nationally syndicated in the United States, beginning Dec.
Michelangelo Merisi (Michele Angelo Merigi or Amerighi) da Caravaggio (28 September 1571 – 18 July 1610) was an Italian painter active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily from the early 1590s to 1610.
Cardinal Armand Jean du Plessis, 1st Duke of Richelieu and Fronsac (9 September 15854 December 1642), commonly referred to as Cardinal Richelieu (Cardinal de Richelieu), was a French clergyman, nobleman, and statesman.
A caricature is a rendered image showing the features of its subject in a simplified or exaggerated way through sketching, pencil strokes, or through other artistic drawings.
Carlo Amoretti (born 16 March 1741 in Oneglia, now part of Imperia – died 23 March 1816) was an ecclesiastic, scholar, writer, and scientist.
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi (9 December 1920 – 16 September 2016) was an Italian politician and banker.
Carlo Bellosio (Milan, 1801 – Bellagio, 1849) was an Italian painter, active mainly in Lombardy in a Neoclassical style.
Carlo Maria Mariani (born 25 July 1931) is an Italian painter.
Carlo Pedretti (6 January 1928 – 5 January 2018) was an Italian historian.
Carlos Ferro is an American actor, voice actor, writer, director, and producer.
Carlos Slim Helú (born January 28, 1940) is a Mexican business magnate, engineer, investor and philanthropist.
Carlos, rey emperador (Charles, King Emperor) is a Spanish historical fiction television series, directed by Oriol Ferrer and produced by Diagonal TV for Televisión Española.
The Carnival of Venice (Carnevale di Venezia) is an annual festival held in Venice, Italy.
Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach (Wilhelmina Charlotte Caroline; 1 March 1683 – 20 November 1737) was Queen consort of Great Britain as the wife of King George II.
Carpi is an Italian town and comune of about 70,000 people in the province of Modena, Emilia-Romagna.
A cartoon is a type of illustration, possibly animated, typically in a non-realistic or semi-realistic style.
Casa degli Omenoni is a historic palace of Milan, northern Italy, located in the eponymous street of Via degli Omenoni (number 3).
Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588 – 22 October 1657) was an Italian scholar and patron of arts.
Castel del Rio (Castel d'e' Rì) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Bologna in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about southwest of Bologna.
Castello di Volpaia is a winery located in the medieval village of Volpaia.
Castelnuovo Scrivia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Alessandria in the Italian region Piedmont, located about east of Turin and about northeast of Alessandria.
Castelo Rá-Tim-Bum was a Brazilian children's program produced and broadcast by TV Cultura and the Network Service of Television.
The Catalog of paintings in the Louvre Museum lists the painters of the collection of the Louvre Museum as they are catalogued in the Joconde database.
The Catalogue of paintings in the National Gallery, London lists the named painters of the collection of the National Gallery, London, as they were catalogued in 2010 by the Public Catalogue Foundation.
This is a list of the works in the Accademia Carrara of Bergamo, with artists and works from before the 20th century featured in the painting gallery (Italian: Pinacoteca) of the museum.
A catapult is a ballistic device used to launch a projectile a great distance without the aid of explosive devices—particularly various types of ancient and medieval siege engines.
The Cathedral of St.
Catherine de Medici (Italian: Caterina de Medici,; French: Catherine de Médicis,; 13 April 1519 – 5 January 1589), daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici and Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne, was an Italian noblewoman who was queen of France from 1547 until 1559, by marriage to King Henry II.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Catholic art consists of all visual works produced in an attempt to illustrate, supplement and portray in tangible form the teachings of the Catholic Church.
The Catholic Church in Italy is part of the worldwide Catholic Church in communion with the Pope in Rome, under the Conference of Italian Bishops.
Roman Marian churches are religious buildings dedicated to the veneration of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
The catoblepas (pl. catoblepones; from the Greek καταβλέπω, (katablépō) "to look downwards") is a legendary creature from Ethiopia, first described by Pliny the Elder and later by Claudius Aelianus.
The Cau del Cargol Shells of the World Museum is a museum containing a large private collection of shells; it is situated in Vilassar de Dalt (Catalonia, Spain).
Cecilia Gallerani (1473–1536), born in Siena, Italy, was the favourite and most celebrated of the many mistresses of Ludovico Sforza, known as Lodovico il Moro, Duke of Milan.
Celebrity refers to the fame and public attention accorded by the mass media to individuals or groups or, occasionally, animals, but is usually applied to the persons or groups of people (celebrity couples, families, etc.) themselves who receive such a status of fame and attention.
Celebrity Mastermind is a celebrity version of Mastermind, a British television quiz show broadcast by BBC television.
The cerastes (Greek: κεράστης, English: cerastēs, English translation: "having horns") is a creature of Greek legend, a serpent that is incredibly flexible—so much so that it is said to have no spine.
Cervara Abbey (Abbazia della Cervara or Abbazia di San Gerolamo al Monte di Portofino) is a former abbey in Santa Margherita Ligure, Liguria region, northern Italy.
Cesare Borgia (Catalan:; César Borja,; 13 September 1475 – 12 March 1507), Duke of Valentinois, was an Italian condottiero, nobleman, politician, and cardinal with Aragonese origin, whose fight for power was a major inspiration for The Prince by Machiavelli.
Italian edition of Vitruvius' ''De architectura'', translated and illustrated by Cesare Cesariano. Cesare di Lorenzo Cesariano (1475–1543) was an Italian painter, architect and architectural theorist.
Cesare da Sesto (1477–1523) was an Italian painter of the Renaissance active in Milan and elsewhere in Italy.
Cesare Lombroso (born Ezechia Marco Lombroso; 6 November 1835 – 19 October 1909), was an Italian criminologist and physician, founder of the Italian School of Positivist Criminology.
Cesenatico (Ziznàtic) is a port town with about 26,000 inhabitants on the Adriatic coast of Italy.
Chain drive is a way of transmitting mechanical power from one place to another.
Character Is Destiny: Inspiring Stories Every Young Person Should Know and Every Adult Should Remember is a 2005 book by United States Senator John McCain with Mark Salter.
Characters and Caricaturas is an engraving by English artist William Hogarth, that he produced as the subscription ticket for his 1743 series of prints, Marriage à-la-mode, and which was eventually issued as a print in its own right.
Baron Charles Auguste Guillaume Steuben (April 18, 1788 – November 21, 1856), also Charles de Steuben, was a German-born French Romantic painter and lithographer active during the Napoleonic Era.
Charles de Tolnay, born Károly von Tolnai (May 27, 1899 – January 17, 1981), was a Hungarian art historian and an expert on Michelangelo.
Charles Errard the Younger (1606–25 May 1689) was a French painter, architect and engraver, co-founder and director of the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture.
Charles Henry Jeens (1827–1879) was an English engraver.
Sir Charles John Holmes, KCVO (11 November 1868, Preston, Lancashire – 7 December 1936, Kensington, London) was a British painter, art historian and museum director.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles d'Amboise, Seigneur de Chaumont (1473 – 11 February 1511) was a French nobleman, who acted as French governor of Milan (1503–1511) during the reign of Louis XII and as a French commander during the War of the League of Cambrai.
Charles Marchant Stevenson (August 29, 1927 – August 30, 2004) was an American artist, born to Mildred and in Washington, D.C.
Charles Nicholl is an English author specializing in works of history, biography, literary detection, and travel.
Charles James Sindelar (27 May 1875 – 15 May 1947) was an American illustrator and painter, who in later life focused on religious art.
Sir Charles Thomas Wheeler (14 March 1892 – 22 August 1974) was a British sculptor who worked in bronze and stone who became the first sculptor to hold the Presidency of the Royal Academy, from 1956 through 1966.
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is a 1964 children's novel by British author Roald Dahl.
Calogero Lorenzo "Chazz" Palminteri (born May 15, 1952).
The royal Château at Amboise is a château located in Amboise, in the Indre-et-Loire département of the Loire Valley in France.
The Château de Chambord at Chambord, Loir-et-Cher, France, is one of the most recognisable châteaux in the world because of its very distinctive French Renaissance architecture which blends traditional French medieval forms with classical Renaissance structures.
The Château de Gaillon is a renaissance castle located in Gaillon, Normandy region of France.
The Châteaux of the Loire Valley (French: Châteaux de la Loire) are part of the architectural heritage of the historic towns of Amboise, Angers, Blois, Chinon, Montsoreau, Nantes, Orléans, Saumur, and Tours along the Loire River in France.
Châtenay-Malabry is a commune in the southwestern suburbs of Paris, France.
Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons.
Cherubino Cornienti (March 25, 1816 – May 12, 1860) was an Italian painter, active in a Romantic style mainly in Northern Italy.
Chess became a source of inspiration in the arts in literature soon after the spread of the game to the Arab World and Europe in the Middle Ages.
Chiaroscuro (Italian for light-dark), in art, is the use of strong contrasts between light and dark, usually bold contrasts affecting a whole composition.
Chiaroscuro is the third album by singer Pitty.
Chiaroscuro: The Private Lives of Leonardo da Vinci is a Vertigo comic book limited series published from 1995 to 1996, which was later repackaged in 2005 as a single volume.
Chinese punctuation uses a different set of punctuation marks from European languages, although the concept of modern standard punctuation was adapted in the written language during the 20th century from Western punctuation marks.
Chor Boogie (born Jason Lamar Hailey) is an American spray paint artist based in San Francisco, California.
Chris Channing (born Christopher Dean Andrews, 14 April 1962) is an English performer, designer and director of theatre and theatrically styled events.
Christ among the Doctors is an oil painting by Albrecht Dürer, dating to 1506, now in the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, Spain.
Christ Carrying the Cross (also Ecce Homo) is a 1505 oil painting attributed to either the Italian Renaissance master Titian or Giorgione.
The Christ Child, also known as Divine Infant, Baby Jesus, Infant Jesus, Child Jesus, the Holy Child, and Santo Niño, refers to Jesus Christ from his nativity to age 12.
Christ Church Picture Gallery is an art museum at Christ Church, one of the colleges of Oxford University in England.
Christ Church (Ædes Christi, the temple or house, ædēs, of Christ, and thus sometimes known as "The House") is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.
Christendom has several meanings.
Christian culture is the cultural practices common to Christianity.
Christian Gálvez (b. Móstoles, Madrid; 19 May 1980) is a Spanish TV presenter, actor and writer.
Bibliothèque Nationale de France --> The 15th century in Christianity is part of the High Middle Ages, the period from the coronation of Charlemagne in 800 to the close of the 15th century, which saw the fall of Constantinople (1453), the end of the Hundred Years War (1453), the discovery of the New World (1492), and thereafter the Protestant Reformation (1515).
In 16th-century Christianity, Protestantism came to the forefront and marked a significant change in the Christian world.
Christie's is a British auction house.
Christopher Bouton is the founder and CEO of Entagen, a software company in the Boston, Massachusetts area, which develops Big Data integration and analytics solutions.
Christopher Chiyan Tin (born May 21, 1976) is an American composer of concert music, film, and video game scores.
Christopher W. Tyler is a visual neuroscientist, creator of the autostereogram (“Magic Eye” pictures) and is the Head of the Smith-Kettlewell Brain Imaging Center.
Christopher Whitehead Language College and Sixth Form is a secondary school in Worcester, Worcestershire, England.
Charles Edward Campbell (born January 23, 1981), known by his stage and pen name, Chuckie Campbell, is an American musician, poet, fiction writer, editor, publisher, and educator.
The cultural and artistic events of Italy during the period 1500 to 1599 are collectively referred to as the Cinquecento (from the Italian for the number 500, in turn from millecinquecento, which is Italian for the year 1500. Cinquecento encompasses the styles and events of the Italian Renaissance.
Cirque du Soleil ("Circus of the Sun" or "Sun Circus") is a Canadian entertainment company.
City College of San Francisco (CCSF or City College) is a public two-year community college in San Francisco, California.
City of Death is the second serial of the seventeenth season of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which depicts the adventures of a time-travelling humanoid alien known as the Doctor.
Civilisation—in full, Civilisation: A Personal View by Kenneth Clark—is a television documentary series written and presented by the art historian Kenneth Clark.
Sid Meier's Civilization V is a 4X video game in the ''Civilization'' series developed by Firaxis Games.
Clans of the Alphane Moon is a 1964 science fiction novel by American writer Philip K. Dick.
Claude Ferdinand Gaillard (7 Jan. 1834 - 19 Jan., 1887) was a French engraver and painter, who had been born and died in Paris.
Claude Lorrain (born Claude Gellée, called le Lorrain in French; traditionally just Claude in English; c. 1600 – 23 November 1682) was a French painter, draughtsman and etcher of the Baroque era.
Clayman is the fifth album by Swedish metal band In Flames.
Clelia Giacobini (6 February 1931 – 25 September 2010) was an Italian microbiologist, and also a pioneer of microbiology applied to conservation-restoration.
The Château du Clos Lucé (or simply Clos Lucé) is a large château in the city of Amboise, France.
Codex Arundel, (British Library, Arundel, 263) is a bound collection of pages of notes written by Leonardo da Vinci and dating mostly from between 1480 and 1518.
The Codex Atlanticus (Atlantic Codex) is a twelve-volume, bound set of drawings and writings (in Italian) by Leonardo da Vinci, the largest such set; its name indicates the large paper used to preserve original da Vinci notebook pages, which was that used for atlases.
The Codex Leicester (also briefly known as Codex Hammer) is a collection of scientific writings by Leonardo da Vinci.
The Madrid Codices I–II (I – Ms. 8937 i II – Ms. 8936), are two manuscripts by Leonardo da Vinci which were discovered in the Biblioteca Nacional de España in Madrid in 1965 by Dr.
Codex on the Flight of Birds is a relatively short codex of circa 1505 by Leonardo da Vinci.
The Codex Trivulzianus is a manuscript by Leonardo da Vinci that originally contained 62 sheets, but today only 55 remain.
A Treatise on Painting is a collection of Leonardo da Vinci's writings entered in his notebooks under the general heading "On Painting".
Anglo Leonardo da Vinci is a subsidiary of Sistema Anglo de Ensino located to the west of São Paulo.
Colegio Italiano Leonardo da Vinci is an Italian international school in La Calleja, Bogotá, Colombia.
The National Gallery is the primary British national public art gallery, sited on Trafalgar Square, in central London.
The College of Europe (Collège d'Europe) is an elite, independent university institute of postgraduate European studies with the main campus in Bruges, Belgium and a smaller campus in Warsaw, Poland.
Academic years at the College of Europe are known as promotions.
In the visual arts, color theory or colour theory is a body of practical guidance to color mixing and the visual effects of a specific color combination.
Columbus Breaking the Egg is a 1752 engraving by English artist William Hogarth.
Commandino's theorem, named after Federico Commandino (1509–1575), states that the four medians of a tetrahedron are concurrent at a point S, which divides them in a 3:1 ratio.
In art, a commission is the act of requesting the creation of a piece, often on behalf of another.
Complementary colors are pairs of colors which, when combined, cancel each other out.
Compton Verney Art Gallery is an art gallery at Compton Verney, England.
"Concerning Flight" is the 79th episode of Star Trek: Voyager, the 11th episode of season four.
Conches-sur-Gondoire is a commune on the Gondoire river in Brie, in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
The conservation-restoration of Leonardo da Vinci's ''Last Supper'' is an ongoing project that has spanned many centuries.
Constant Cornelis Huijsmans (1 January 1810 – 28 November 1886) was a Dutch art teacher and painter, whose roots go back to the seventeenth-century Antwerp of the landscape painter Cornelis Huysmans (1648–1727).
A contact lens, or simply contact, is a thin lens placed directly on the surface of the eye.
The Conte di Cavour–class battleships were a group of three dreadnoughts built for the Royal Italian Navy (Regia Marina) in the 1910s.
In the history of ideas, the continuity thesis is the hypothesis that there was no radical discontinuity between the intellectual development of the Middle Ages and the developments in the Renaissance and early modern period.
A continuously variable transmission (CVT), also known as a single-speed transmission, stepless transmission, pulley transmission, or, in case of motorcycles, a twist-and-go, is an automatic transmission that can change seamlessly through a continuous range of effective gear ratios.
Contrapposto is an Italian term that means counterpoise.
Cornelis van Cleve, Cornelis van Cleef or Cornelis van der Beke, nickname Sotte Cleve ('Mad Cleve') (1520 in Antwerp – 1567/1614)Leo van Puyvelde (1942),, p. 13 was a Flemish Renaissance painter active in Antwerp who is known for his religious compositions and portraits.
Corstorphine Old Parish Church, formerly St.
Cosmo Kramer, usually referred to as simply "Kramer", is a fictional character on the American television sitcom Seinfeld (1989–1998), played by Michael Richards.
Cosmos: A Personal Voyage is a thirteen-part television series written by Carl Sagan, Ann Druyan, and Steven Soter, with Sagan as presenter.
A crank is an arm attached at a right angle to a rotating shaft by which reciprocating motion is imparted to or received from the shaft.
A crankshaft—related to crank—is a mechanical part able to perform a conversion between reciprocating motion and rotational motion.
A crayon (or wax pastel) is a stick of colored wax, charcoal, chalk or other material used for writing or drawing.
Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something new and somehow valuable is formed.
Cristoforo de Predis (1440-1486), was an Italian miniaturist and illuminator.
Cross-dominance, also known as mixed-handedness, hand confusion, or mixed dominance, is a motor skill manifestation in which a person favors one hand for some tasks and the other hand for others.
Crown College is one of the residential colleges that makes up the University of California, Santa Cruz, United States.
Cruelty to animals, also called animal abuse, animal neglect or animal cruelty, is the infliction by omission (animal neglect) or by commission by humans of suffering or harm upon any non-human animal.
Cubism is an early-20th-century art movement which brought European painting and sculpture historically forward toward 20th century Modern art.
Cui Xiuwen (born 1970) is a Harbin-born Chinese artist who produces oil paintings, video and photo works.
Gaius Julius Caesar (100 BC – 44 BC), one of the most influential men in world history, has frequently appeared in literary and artistic works since ancient times.
'''Weasels''' /ˈwiːzəlz/ are mammals belonging to the family Mustelidae and the genus Mustela, which includes stoats, least weasels, ferrets, and minks, among others. Different species of weasel have lived alongside humans on every continent except Antarctica and Australia, and have been assigned a wide range of folkloric and mythical meanings.
Leonardo da Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was an Italian Renaissance painter and polymath who achieved legendary fame and iconic status within his own lifetime.
With the fall of communism Polish culture and society began a process of profound transformation, marked by the return of democracy and redevelopment of civil society.
The culture of Europe is rooted in the art, architecture, music, literature, and philosophy that originated from the continent of Europe.
The culture of Paris,in France and of the French people has been shaped by geography, by profound historical events, and by foreign and internal forces and groups.
Italy is considered the birthplace of Western civilization and a cultural superpower.
Kraków is considered by many to be the cultural capital of Poland.
This article discusses art, fashion, design, literature, theatre, music, cuisine, holidays and social life in the Italian city of Milan.
The Culture of Rome, Italy refers to the arts, high culture, language, religion, politics, libraries, cuisine, architecture and fashion in Rome, Italy.
Curtis Bill Pepper (August 30, 1917 – April 4, 2014) was an American journalist and author.
Curvilinear perspective is a graphical projection used to draw 3D objects on 2D surfaces.
Cynthia von Buhler a.k.a. Countess von Buhler,Teaching Books (retrieved December 17, 2010).
The Czartoryski Museum and Library (Muzeum Książąt Czartoryskich w Krakowie) is a museum located in Kraków, Poland, founded in Puławy in 1796 by Princess Izabela Czartoryska.
Durant Waite Robertson Jr. (Washington, D.C. October 11, 1914 – Chapel Hill, North Carolina, July 26, 1992) was a scholar of medieval English literature and especially Geoffrey Chaucer.
Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519) was an Italian Renaissance polymath.
da Vinci is a lunar impact crater that is located in the eastern part of the Moon, to the northwest of Mare Fecunditatis.
Da Vinci is an impact crater in the Oxia Palus quadrangle of Mars, located at 1.4°N latitude and 39.4°W longitude.
Da Vinci Days is an annual festival held in Corvallis in the U.S. state of Oregon.
The Leonardo da Vinci Society for the Study of Thinking and the Da Vinci Medallion were created to award scholarship in the realm of human thinking.
The Da Vinci Project was a privately funded, volunteer-staffed attempt to launch a reusable manned suborbital spacecraft.
Da Vinci Schools is a public charter school network located in Hawthorne, El Segundo, Manhattan Beach, and Redondo Beach in Los Angeles, California, United States.
The da Vinci Surgical System is a robotic surgical system made by the American company Intuitive Surgical.
Da Vinci's Challenge is a board game distributed by Briarpatch.
Da Vinci's Demons is a historical fantasy drama series that presents a fictional account of Leonardo da Vinci's early life.
Dafen is a suburb of Buji, Longgang, Shenzhen in Guangdong province, China.
Dali's Mustache is an absurdist humorous book by the surrealist artist Salvador Dalí (1904–1989) and his friend, the photographer Philippe Halsman (1906–1979).
Woman with Flowers (Dama col mazzolino or Gentildonna dalle belle mani) is a marble sculpture of 60 centimetres height made by Andrea del Verrocchio between 1475 and 1480.
Damage tolerance is a property of a structure relating to its ability to sustain defects safely until repair can be effected.
Dario Fo (24 March 1926 – 13 October 2016) was an Italian actor–playwright, comedian, singer, theatre director, stage designer, songwriter, painter, political campaigner for the Italian left-wing and the recipient of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Darwin IV is a fictional planet and the subject of Wayne Barlowe's book Expedition and the television special, Alien Planet, based on Expedition.
Das Königsprojekt (English: The Royal Project) is a German-language science fiction novel by Carl Amery, published in 1974.
David is a life-size marble sculpture by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
David is a masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture created in marble between 1501 and 1504 by the Italian artist Michelangelo.
Andrea del Verrocchio's bronze statue of David was most likely made between 1473 and 1475.
David Davalos (born 1965) is an American playwright.
David H. Mandel (born 1970) is an executive producer and showrunner of Veep and formerly an executive producer and director of Curb Your Enthusiasm, and one of the producers of the teen-comedy Eurotrip.
David Rankin is a New York-based Australian artist.
David Samuel Goyer (born December 22, 1965) is an American screenwriter, film director, novelist, producer, and comic book writer.
DaVinci Academy of Science and the Arts is a K-12 charter school located in Ogden, Utah.
Davincia is a genus of hymenopteran insects of the family Eulophidae.
Davinciite is a very rare mineral of the eudialyte group, with the simplified formula Na12K3Ca6Fe32+Zr3(Si26O73OH)Cl2.
Daybreak is a painting by American artist Maxfield Parrish made in 1922.
Découvertes Gallimard (literally in English “Discoveries Gallimard”; in United Kingdom: New Horizons, in United States: Abrams Discoveries) is an encyclopaedic of illustrated, pocket-sized books on a variety of subjects, aimed at adults and teenagers.
De architectura (On architecture, published as Ten Books on Architecture) is a treatise on architecture written by the Roman architect and military engineer Marcus Vitruvius Pollio and dedicated to his patron, the emperor Caesar Augustus, as a guide for building projects.
De cape et de crocs is a French comic book swashbuckling series, created by writer Alain Ayroles and artist Jean-Luc Masbou.
De divina proportione (On the Divine Proportion) is a book on mathematics written by Luca Pacioli and illustrated by Leonardo da Vinci, composed around 1498 in Milan and first printed in 1509.
De ludo scachorum (On the Game of Chess), also known as Schifanoia ("Boredom Dodger"), is a Latin-language manuscript on the game of chess written around 1500 by Luca Pacioli, a leading mathematician of the Renaissance.
De pictura (English: "On Painting") is a treatise written by the Italian architect and art theorist Leon Battista Alberti.
De Prospectiva pingendi (On the Perspective of painting) is the earliest and only pre–1500 Renaissance treatise solely devoted to the subject of perspective.
Death in Venice (original Italian title: Morte a Venezia) is a 1971 Italian-French drama film directed by Luchino Visconti and starring Dirk Bogarde and Björn Andrésen.
The following is a list of notable deaths in January 2018.
The following events occurred in December 1962.
The decorative arts are arts or crafts concerned with the design and manufacture of beautiful objects that are also functional.
Titus Defoe is a comics character in an eponymous story published in the British science fiction anthology 2000 AD.
Demiak (pseudonym of Maarten Demmink) is a Dutch painter, photographer and sculptor.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Italy, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Dendrochronology (or tree-ring dating) is the scientific method of dating tree rings (also called growth rings) to the exact year they were formed in order to analyze atmospheric conditions during different periods in history.
No useful description of the physical appearance of Jesus is given in the New Testament and the depiction of Jesus in pictorial form was controversial in the early Church.
Depictions of nudity include visual representations of nudity through the history, in all the disciplines, including the arts and sciences.
Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici were married on October 28, 1533, and their marriage produced ten children.
This timeline shows the whole history of the universe, the Earth, and mankind in one table.
Diane Stanley (born December 27, 1943) is an American children's author and illustrator.
Dilbert was an animated television series adaptation of the comic strip of the same name, produced by Adelaide Productions, Idbox, and United Media and distributed by Columbia TriStar Television.
Dimitrije "Mita" Popović is an eminent Montenegrin and Croatian painter, sculptor, art critic and philosopher born in Cetinje, Montenegro, on 4 March 1951.
Discovery Times Square (also known as Discovery TSX) was an exhibition space at 226 West 44th Street in New York City that opened June 24, 2009 and closed in September 2016.
Dissection (from Latin dissecare "to cut to pieces"; also called anatomization) is the dismembering of the body of a deceased animal or plant to study its anatomical structure.
Dmitry Sergeyevich Merezhkovsky (p; – December 9, 1941) was a Russian novelist, poet, religious thinker, and literary critic.
Dmitry Yevgenyevich Rybolovlev (Дмитрий Евгеньевич Рыболовлев;; born 22 November 1966) is a Russian businessman, investor, and philanthropist.
Doctor Octopus (Otto Octavius) is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.
The Doge's Palace (Palazzo Ducale; Pałaso Dogal) is a palace built in Venetian Gothic style, and one of the main landmarks of the city of Venice in northern Italy.
Doing DaVinci was a popular science television program originally aired on the Discovery Channel in which the hosts attempted to create many of Leonardo da Vinci's inventions.
Domenico Aspari (4 August 1746 – 8 April 1831) was an Italian painter and engraver.
Domenico da Cortona called "Boccador" (ca 1465 – ca 1549) was an Italian architect, a pupil of Giuliano da Sangallo.
Domenico Grimani (19 February 1461 – 27 August 1523) was an Italian nobleman, theologian and cardinal.
Domenico Maria Novara (1454–1504) was an Italian scientist.
Domingo Zapata is a Spanish artist, writer, and fashion designer.
The Doni Tondo or Doni Madonna, is the only finished panel painting by the mature Michelangelo to survive.
A doodle is a drawing made while a person's attention is otherwise occupied.
Double-entry bookkeeping, in accounting, is a system of bookkeeping so named because every entry to an account requires a corresponding and opposite entry to a different account.
Douglas Vakoch (born June 16, 1961) is an American search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) researcher, psychologist, and president of METI (Messaging Extraterrestrial Intelligence), a nonprofit research and educational organization devoted to transmitting intentional signals to extraterrestrial civilizations.
Down House is the former home of the English naturalist Charles Darwin and his family.
Dracula: Resurrection is a 2000 point-and-click adventure video game developed by Index+, 4X Technologies and Visual Impact, and jointly published by Index+, France Telecom Multimedia, and Canal+ Multimedia and Microïds.
Dragan Jovanović, born October 4, 1965 in Belgrade, is a Serbian actor.
Drapery is a general word referring to cloths or textiles (Old French draperie, from Late Latin drappus).
Drawing is a form of visual art in which a person uses various drawing instruments to mark paper or another two-dimensional medium.
Dream Chronicles: The Book of Air, often shortened to Dream Chronicles 4 or The Book of Air, is a 2010 adventure and puzzle casual game developed by KatGames, originally published by PlayFirst.
The Dresden Academy of Fine Arts (German Hochschule für Bildende Künste Dresden), often abbreviated HfBK Dresden or simply HfBK, is a vocational university of visual arts located in Dresden, Germany.
Drowned God: Conspiracy of the Ages is a 1996 science fiction adventure game developed by Epic Multimedia Group and published by Inscape.
Drumlanrig Castle is situated on the Queensberry Estate in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland.
Duarte Pacheco Pereira (c. 1460 – 1533), called the Portuguese Achilles (Aquiles Lusitano) by the poet Camões, was a Portuguese sea captain, soldier, explorer and cartographer.
The Dufourspitze is the highest peak of Monte Rosa, a huge ice-covered mountain massif in the Alps.
The art collection of the Duke of Buccleuch encompasses European artwork.
Dylan Waldron RBSA is a British artist, born in Newcastle-Under-Lyme in 1953.
The Dynasphere (sometimes misspelled Dynosphere) was a monowheel vehicle design patented in 1930 by Dr J. A. Purves FRSE (7 August 1870 – 4 November 1952) from Taunton, Somerset, UK.
Elaine Lobl Konigsburg (February 10, 1930 – April 19, 2013) was an American writer and illustrator of children's books and young adult fiction.
Early flying machines include all forms of aircraft studied or constructed before the development of the modern aeroplane by 1910.
Early modern Britain is the history of the island of Great Britain roughly corresponding to the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries.
The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.
Early Netherlandish painting is the work of artists, sometimes known as the Flemish Primitives, active in the Burgundian and Habsburg Netherlands during the 15th- and 16th-century Northern Renaissance; especially in the flourishing cities of Bruges, Ghent, Mechelen, Louvain, Tournai and Brussels, all in contemporary Belgium.
Edward Sanders (born August 17, 1939) is an American poet, singer, social activist, environmentalist, author, publisher and longtime member of the band the Fugs.
Edgard Victor Achille Charles Varèse (also spelled Edgar Varèse;Malcolm MacDonald, Varèse, Astronomer in Sound (London, 2003), p. xi. December 22, 1883 – November 6, 1965) was a French-born composer who spent the greater part of his career in the United States.
Edmund Blackadder is the single name given to a collection of fictional characters who appear in the BBC mock-historical comedy series Blackadder, each played by Rowan Atkinson.
Edmund Hildebrandt (29 April 1872 – 13 January 1939) was a German art historian.
Eduardo de Valfierno (1850–1931), who posed as a marqués (marquis), was an Argentine con man who allegedly masterminded the theft of the Mona Lisa in 1911.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
In the European Union education is the responsibility of Member States; European Union institutions play a supporting role.
Edward Bowring Stephens (10 December 1815, in Exeter – 10 November 1882, in London), (works signed E B Stephens) was a British sculptor from Devon.
Edward Cowie (born 17 August 1943) is an English composer, author, natural scientist, and painter.
Ekphrasis or ecphrasis, comes from the Greek for the description of a work of art produced as a rhetorical exercise, often used in the adjectival form ekphrastic, is a vivid, often dramatic, verbal description of a visual work of art, either real or imagined.
El Nombre is an anthropomorphic Mexican gerbil character, originally from a series of educational sketches on Numbertime, the BBC schools programme about mathematics.
Eleanor Cardozo is a British artist and sculptor based in Switzerland, most known for her bronze sculptures.
Eleanor of Naples (Leonora or Eleonora of Aragon) (1450–1493) was duchess consort of Ferrara by marriage to Ercole I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara.
Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea.
Elephanta Island (also called Gharapuri Island or place of caves or Pory Island) is one of a number of islands in Mumbai Harbour, east of Mumbai, India.
Elizabeth, Lady Eastlake (17 November 1809 – 2 October 1893), born Elizabeth Rigby, was a British author, art critic and art historian, and was the first woman to write regularly for the Quarterly Review.
Elmer Belt (April 10, 1893 – May 1980) was an American urologist, surgeon and pioneer in sex reassignment surgery.
Emanuele Cavalli (1904–1981) was an Italian painter belonging to the modern movement of the Scuola Romana (Roman School).
Embalming is the art and science of preserving human remains by treating them (in its modern form with chemicals) to forestall decomposition.
Embryology (from Greek ἔμβρυον, embryon, "the unborn, embryo"; and -λογία, -logia) is the branch of biology that studies the prenatal development of gametes (sex cells), fertilization, and development of embryos and fetuses.
Emery Bopp (May 13, 1924 – February 1, 2007) was an artist and long-time chairman of the Division of Art, Bob Jones University.
Emilio Carrasco Gutiérrez (born Mexico City, Mexico, 1954) is a contemporary painter and engraver.
Emily Hahn (Chinese: 項美麗, January 14, 1905 – February 18, 1997) was an American journalist and author.
In philosophy, empiricism is a theory that states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience.
Encyclopædia Britannica Films (also named EB Films for short) was the top producer and distributor of educational 16 mm films and later VHS videocassettes for schools and libraries from the 1940s through the 1990s (by which time the internet replaced video as a primary source for educational media).
The concept of encyclopedic knowledge was once attributed to exceptionally well-read or knowledgeable persons such as Plato, Aristotle, Hildegard von Bingen, Leonardo da Vinci, Immanuel Kant, or G. W. F. Hegel.
Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations.
The English Renaissance was a cultural and artistic movement in England dating from the late 15th century to the early 17th century.
An engraved gem, frequently referred to as an intaglio, is a small and usually semi-precious gemstone that has been carved, in the Western tradition normally with images or inscriptions only on one face.
Enigma is a German musical project founded in 1990 by Romanian-German musician and producer Michael Cretu.
Enrico Baj (October 31, 1924 – June 15, 2003) was an Italian artist and writer on art.
Enrico Forlanini (13 December 1848 – 9 October 1930) was an Italian engineer, inventor and aeronautical pioneer, known for his works on helicopters, aircraft, hydrofoils and dirigibles.
Epic Rap Battles of History, or ERB for short, is a YouTube webseries created by Peter Shukoff (a.k.a. Nice Peter) and Lloyd Ahlquist (a.k.a. EpicLLOYD).
An equestrian statue is a statue of a rider mounted on a horse, from the Latin "eques", meaning "knight", deriving from "equus", meaning "horse".
Ernő Rubik (born 13 July 1944) is a Hungarian inventor, architect and professor of architecture.
Sir Ernst Hans Josef Gombrich (30 March 1909 – 3 November 2001) was an Austrian-born art historian who, after settling in England in 1936, became a naturalised British citizen in 1947 and spent most of his working life in the United Kingdom.
Escape from the Planet of the Apes is a 1971 science fiction film directed by Don Taylor and written by Paul Dehn.
Forensic estimation of stature is part of the identification process necessary when dismembered body parts are found.
Eugène Müntz (11 June 1845 in Soultz-sous-Forêts, Bas-Rhin – 30 October 1902 in Paris) was an Alsatian-French art historian.
Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc (27 January 1814 – 17 September 1879) was a French architect and author who restored many prominent medieval landmarks in France, including those which had been damaged or abandoned during the French Revolution.
Eugeniusz Zak (15 December 1884 – 15 January 1926), also known as Eugène Zak and Eugene Zak, was a Polish artist.
Euler–Bernoulli beam theory (also known as engineer's beam theory or classical beam theory)Timoshenko, S., (1953), History of strength of materials, McGraw-Hill New York is a simplification of the linear theory of elasticity which provides a means of calculating the load-carrying and deflection characteristics of beams.
For 2006, at least 13 European countries have joined together to create the Silver Series for Europe.
Europa-Park is a theme park and the largest in Germany, and the second most popular theme park resort in Europe, following Disneyland Paris.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Europeana.eu is the EU digital platform for cultural heritage.
Ever After (known in promotional material as Ever After: A Cinderella Story) is a 1998 American romantic drama film inspired by the fairy tale Cinderella.
Everhard or Eberhard Jabach (10 July 1618 – 9 March 1695) was a banker, born in Cologne in the Holy Roman Empire but later naturalised as a French subject.
Everything Is Love (stylized in all caps) is a collaborative studio album by American singer Beyoncé and rapper Jay-Z, credited jointly as The Carters.
Exhibit B: The Human Condition is the ninth studio album by thrash metal band Exodus.
An exploded view drawing is a diagram, picture, schematic or technical drawing of an object, that shows the relationship or order of assembly of various parts.
Expo '98 (1998 Lisbon World Exposition) was an official specialised World's Fair held in Lisbon, Portugal from Friday, 22 May to Wednesday, 30 September 1998.
Eye movement in reading involves the visual processing of written text.
Ezio Auditore da Firenze is an assassin in the video game series Assassin's Creed.
Fable is a literary genre: a succinct fictional story, in prose or verse, that features animals, legendary creatures, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of nature that are anthropomorphized (given human qualities, such as the ability to speak human language) and that illustrates or leads to a particular moral lesson (a "moral"), which may at the end be added explicitly as a pithy maxim or saying.
Factum Arte is a company based in Madrid, Milan, and London that seeks to construct a bridge between new technologies and craft skills in the conservation of cultural heritage and in contemporary art.
Family Guy ninth season first aired on the Fox network in eighteen episodes from September 26, 2010 to May 22, 2011 before being released as two DVD box sets and in syndication.
"Fantastic Easter Special" is the fifth episode of the eleventh season of the American animated television series South Park, and the 158th episode of the series overall.
Fausto Veranzio (Faustus Verantius; italics; Hungarian and Vernacular Latin: Verancsics Faustus)Andrew L. Simon, László Sipka: Innovators and Innovations (circa 1551 – January 17, 1617) was a polymath and bishop from Šibenik, then part of the Venetian Republic and today part of Croatia.
Fazio Cardano (1444 – August 28, 1524) was an Italian jurist and mathematician.
The Fédération aéronautique internationale (FAI; The World Air Sports Federation), is the world governing body for air sports.
Félix Toranzos (born October 30, 1962) is a Paraguayan artist, architect and graphic designer, considered to be one of the most conspicuous representatives of the new generation of artists in Paraguay.
The Führermuseum (English, Leader's Museum), also referred to as the Linz art gallery, was an unrealized art museum within a cultural complex planned by Adolf Hitler for his hometown, the Austrian city of Linz, near his birthplace of Braunau.
The following events occurred in February 1967.
Feminist art is a category of art associated with the late 1960s and 1970s feminist movement.
Femme au miroir (en. Woman with a Mirror), Femme à sa toilette or Lady at her Dressing Table, is a painting by the French artist Jean Metzinger.
FenCon is a literary science fiction and fantasy convention with filk held each year on or around the fourth full weekend of September in or around Dallas, Texas.
Ferdinando Cavalleri (1794–1867) was an Italian history and portrait painter.
Fernando (or Hernando) Yáñez de la Almedina, born in Almedina, Spain in c. 1475 and died in Valencia, Kingdom of Spain in 1536, was a Spanish painter.
A ferronnière is a style of headband that encircles the wearer's forehead, usually with a small jewel suspended in the centre.
Figura serpentinata (Italian - serpentine figure) is a style in painting and sculpture, intended to make the figure seem more dynamic, that is typical of Mannerism.
Antonio di Pietro Averlino (c. 1400 – c. 1469), also "Averulino", known as Filarete (from φιλάρετος, meaning "lover of excellence"), was a Florentine Renaissance architect, sculptor, medallist, and architectural theorist.
A file is a tool used to remove fine amounts of material from a workpiece.
Fiona Elizabeth Bruce (born 25 April 1964) is an English television journalist, newsreader and television presenter.
A fire sprinkler system is an active fire protection method, consisting of a water supply system, providing adequate pressure and flowrate to a water distribution piping system, onto which fire sprinklers are connected.
A firearm is a portable gun (a barreled ranged weapon) that inflicts damage on targets by launching one or more projectiles driven by rapidly expanding high-pressure gas produced by exothermic combustion (deflagration) of propellant within an ammunition cartridge.
Fiumelatte is a river in northern Italy.
"Flashing Lights" is a song by American hip-hop artist Kanye West.
Flemish Baroque painting refers to the art produced in the Southern Netherlands during Spanish control in the 16th and 17th centuries.
The flight into Egypt is a story recounted in the Gospel of Matthew (Matthew 2:13–23) and the New Testament apocrypha.
Flor Minor (born 1961) is a Mexican sculptor and graphic artist, known for bronze sculptures and graphic work that generally depict the male form.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
The Florence Baptistery (Battistero di San Giovanni), also known as the Baptistery of Saint John, is a religious building in Florence, Italy, and has the status of a minor basilica.
Florence Cathedral, formally the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore (in English "Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower") is the cathedral of Florence, Italy, or Il Duomo di Firenze, in Italian.
Florentine painting or the Florentine School refers to artists in, from, or influenced by the naturalistic style developed in Florence in the 14th century, largely through the efforts of Giotto di Bondone, and in the 15th century the leading school of Western painting.
Fluid mechanics is a branch of physics concerned with the mechanics of fluids (liquids, gases, and plasmas) and the forces on them.
Fluid thread breakup is the process by which a single mass of fluid breaks into several smaller fluid masses.
Foiano della Chiana is a small agricultural town in eastern Tuscany, in the province of Arezzo, between the cities of Sinalunga and Cortona.
Folsom Street Fair (FSF) is an annual BDSM and leather subculture street fair held in September, that caps San Francisco's "Leather Pride Week".
The Fondation Custodia is an art museum in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, focusing on European Old Master works, including works by Dutch, Flemish, Italian and French artists.
For No Good Reason is a 2012 American-British documentary film about Ralph Steadman, directed by Charlie Paul.
"For One Day" is the second single by Evermore, taken from their debut album Dreams.
Forest Lawn Memorial Park is a privately owned cemetery in Glendale, California, US.
Fortean Times is a British monthly magazine devoted to the anomalous phenomena popularised by Charles Fort.
A fossil (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age.
A fountain pen is a nib pen that, unlike its predecessor, the dip pen, contains an internal reservoir of liquid ink.
Fountain Street Church in Grand Rapids, Michigan, was for a time unique in the United States as being large, religiously liberal and non-denominational in a notably conservative city.
The foveal system of the human eye is the only part of the retina that permits 100% visual acuity.
Dr François Carlo Antommarchi (5 July 1780 in Morsiglia, Corsica – 4 March 1838 in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba) was Napoleon's physician from 1818 to his death in 1821.
François Delarozière (born 1963) is the art director of La Machine, a French company which is a collaboration between artists, designers, fabricators and technicians and which specialises in producing giant performing machines, often creatures.
François Le Diascorn (Born January 10, 1947 at La Flèche, near Mans, Sarthe département) is a French photographer, close to the humanist school, who has developed a poetic vision of the world through his unusual images in which a dream-like world seems to superimpose itself upon reality.
François-Guillaume Ménageot (1744–1816) was a French painter of religious and French historical scenes.
Francesco Bonsignori (c. 1455 – July 2, 1519), also known as Francesco Monsignori, was an Italian painter and draughtsman, characterized by his excellence in religious subjects, portraits, architectural perspective and animals.
Francesco di Giovanni Botticini (1446 – 16 January 1498), commonly referred to as Francesco Botticini, was an Italian Early Renaissance painter.
Francesco di Giorgio Martini (1439–1501) was an Italian architect, painter, writer, and sculptor.
Francesco Filelfo (Franciscus Philelphus; July 25, 1398 – July 31, 1481) was an Italian Renaissance humanist.
Francesco I Sforza (23 July 1401 – 8 March 1466) was an Italian condottiero, the founder of the Sforza dynasty in Milan, Italy, and was the fourth Duke of Milan from 1450 until his death.
Francesco Maria Grimaldi (2 April 1618 – 28 December 1663) was an Italian Jesuit priest, mathematician and physicist who taught at the Jesuit college in Bologna.
Francesco Melzi, or Francesco de Melzi, (c. 1491 – 1568/70) was an Italian painter born into a family of the Milanese nobility in Lombardy.
Latin epitaph of Francesco Piccinino. Francesco Piccinino (c. 1407 – 16 October 1449) was an Italian condottiero.
Franchinus Gaffurius (Franchino Gaffurio; 14 January 1451 – 25 June 1522) was an Italian music theorist and composer of the Renaissance.
Sir Francis Cook, 1st Baronet, 1st Viscount (23 January 1817 – 17 February 1901) was a British merchant and art collector.
Francis I (François Ier) (12 September 1494 – 31 March 1547) was the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 until his death.
Francis III of Brittany (Frañsez; François; 28 February 1518, in Amboise – 10 August 1536) was Duke of Brittany and Dauphin of Viennois as the first son and heir of King Francis I of France and Duchess Claude of Brittany.
Francis Kodankandath (born June 1, 1960) is an Indian contemporary artist.
Francisc Iosif Rainer (December 28, 1874 – August 4, 1944) was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian pathologist, physiologist and anthropologist.
Franco Zeffirelli, KBE Grande Ufficiale OMRI (born 12 February 1923) is an Italian director and producer of operas, films and television.
Frans van Straaten (The Hague, 23 January 1963) is a Dutch artist and known for his bronze sculptures.
Franz Maria Feldhaus (Neuss, 26 April 1874 - Wilhelmshaven, 22 May 1957) was a German engineer and historians of science and scientific writer.
The Frazier History Museum, previously known as the Frazier Historical Arms Museum and the Frazier International History Museum, is a history museum located on Museum Row in the Bourbon District of downtown Louisville, Kentucky.
Frédéric Keiff, born in 1973 in Metz, France is an architect and artist who lives and works in Strasbourg (France).
Marie Frédéric Eugène de Reiset (12 June 1815 - 27 February 1891) was a French art collector, art historian and curator.
Fred R. Kline (born November 3, 1939, Hagerstown, MD) is an art historian, writer, poet, sculptor, private art dealer and public gallerist since 1980 in Santa Fe, NM, and additionally in San Antonio, TX during a period in the 1980s.
Sir Frederic William Burton (8 April 1816 in Wicklow – 16 March 1900 in London) was an Irish painter who was born in Co.
Frederick "Fred" Erskine Olmsted, Jr. (April 10, 1911 in San Francisco – February 14, 1990 in Falmouth, Massachusetts) created many social realism themed murals and sculptures for the WPA, the FAP and public works in San Francisco and later abandoned his art career and became a scientist and biophysicist.
Frederik Meijer Gardens & Sculpture Park is a botanical garden and outdoor sculpture park located in Grand Rapids Township, Michigan in Kent County.
The Freedom Tower (Torre de la Libertad) is a building in Miami, Florida, designed by Schultze and Weaver.
French architecture ranks high among France's many accomplishments.
French art consists of the visual and plastic arts (including architecture, woodwork, textiles, and ceramics) originating from the geographical area of France.
The Directory or Directorate was a five-member committee which governed France from 1795, when it replaced the Committee of Public Safety.
The French formal garden, also called the jardin à la française (literally, "garden in the French manner" in French), is a style of garden based on symmetry and the principle of imposing order on nature.
The French Renaissance was the cultural and artistic movement in France between the 15th and early 17th centuries.
Fresco (plural frescos or frescoes) is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid, or wet lime plaster.
Friction is the force resisting the relative motion of solid surfaces, fluid layers, and material elements sliding against each other.
Contact mechanics is the study of the deformation of solids that touch each other at one or more points.
The Frieze of Parnassus is a large sculpted stone frieze encircling the podium, or base, of the Albert Memorial in London, England.
Fritjof Capra (born February 1, 1939) is an Austrian-born American physicist, systems theorist and deep ecologist.
From Beijing With Love is a 1994 Hong Kong action spy comedy film directed by Lee Lik-chi and Stephen Chow.
Used in antique spring-powered mechanical watches and clocks, a fusee is a cone-shaped pulley with a helical groove around it, wound with a cord or chain which is attached to the mainspring barrel.
The sixth season of Futurama originally aired on Comedy Central from June 24, 2010, to September 8, 2011, and consisted of 26 episodes.
Futures studies (also called futurology) is the study of postulating possible, probable, and preferable futures and the worldviews and myths that underlie them.
Gaël Dimitri Clichy (born 26 July 1985) is a French professional footballer who currently plays for Turkish club İstanbul Başakşehir in the Süper Lig.
A gabion (from Italian gabbione meaning "big cage"; from Italian gabbia and Latin cavea meaning "cage") is a cage, cylinder, or box filled with rocks, concrete, or sometimes sand and soil for use in civil engineering, road building, military applications and landscaping.
Gabriel (lit, lit, ⲅⲁⲃⲣⲓⲏⲗ, ܓܒܪܝܝܠ), in the Abrahamic religions, is an archangel who typically serves as God's messenger.
Gabriella Pescucci (born 17 January 1943 in Rosignano Solvay, Tuscany) is an Italian costume designer.
Gaja Gamini (English: One with a walk like an elephant) is a 2000 Indian film written and directed by M. F. Husain and is his ode to womanhood and his muse of the time, Madhuri Dixit, who stars as the lead in the film with Shahrukh Khan and Naseeruddin Shah.
The Galata Bridge (Galata Köprüsü) is a bridge that spans the Golden Horn in Istanbul, Turkey.
Galéas de Saint-Séverin (Italian: Galeazzo da Sanseverino') (c. 1460 – 24 February 1525) was an Italian-French condottiere and Grand Écuyer de France.
Gale Fulton Ross is an African-American visual artist who lives in Sarasota, Florida.
The Galleria nazionale di Parma is an art gallery in Parma, northern Italy.
The Gallerie dell'Accademia is a museum gallery of pre-19th-century art in Venice, northern Italy.
is a Japanese manga by Fujihiko Hosono, which was adopted into an anime television series.
Archduke Leopold Wilhelm and the artist in the archducal picture gallery in Brussels is a 1653 painting of Archduke Leopold Wilhelm's Italian art collection by the Flemish Baroque painter David Teniers the Younger, now held in a private collection, but previously owned by the Rothschild family, which is how it came into the Kunsthistorisches Museum collection for 50 years after World War II in Vienna.
The title sequence of the HBO fantasy television series Game of Thrones introduces every episode and changes depending on the locations visited in that particular episode.
The Gardens of the French Renaissance is a garden style, initially inspired by the Italian Renaissance garden, which evolved later into the grander and more formal Garden à la française during the reign of Louis XIV, by the middle of the 17th century.
Garret LoPorto (born in 1976) is an American activist, author, speaker, entrepreneur and inventor.
Garth Marenghi (born July 13, 1950) is a fictional horror author and actor, created by English comedians Matthew Holness and Richard Ayoade, and played by Holness.
A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.
Gaudenzio Ferrari (c. 1471 – January 11, 1546) was a Northern Italian painter and sculptor of the Renaissance.
Gavin Hamilton (1723, Lanarkshire – 4 January 1798, Rome) was a Scots neoclassical history painter, who is more widely remembered for his hunts for antiquities in the neighbourhood of Rome.
Rowan Gavin Paton Menzies (born 14 August 1937) is a British author and retired submarine lieutenant-commander who has written books promoting claims that the Chinese sailed to America before Columbus.
Gérard Edelinck (20 October 1640 (baptized) – 2 April 1707) was a copper-plate engraver and print publisher of Flemish origin, who worked in Paris from 1666 and became a naturalized French citizen in 1675.
"Genius" is a song by the collaborative project LSD, composed of English musician Labrinth, Australian singer Sia, and American DJ/record producer Diplo.
Genius is an American anthology period drama television series developed by Noah Pink and Kenneth Biller that premiered on April 25, 2017 on National Geographic.
The geologic time scale (GTS) is a system of chronological dating that relates geological strata (stratigraphy) to time.
George Wesley Bellows (August 12 or August 19, 1882 – January 8, 1925) was an American realist painter, known for his bold depictions of urban life in New York City, becoming, according to the Columbus Museum of Art, "the most acclaimed American artist of his generation".
George Chakravarthi is a multi-disciplinary artist working with photography, video, painting and performance.
George Guțu (born March 16, 1944 in Galați) is a Romanian philologist, teacher in the Department of German Language and Literature of the Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literatures, University of Bucharest.
George Alfred Leon Sarton (31 August 1884 – 22 March 1956), was a Belgian-born American chemist and historian.
George Washington Carver (1860sThe Notable Names Database states around 1860 citing a census report from 1870: "1864 is frequently cited as his birth year, but in the 1870 census form filed by Moses and Susan Carver he is listed as being ten years old.", NNDB. – January 5, 1943), was an American botanist and inventor.
Gerald Leslie Brockhurst (October 31, 1890 – May 4, 1978) was an English painter and etcher.
Gerolamo (or Girolamo, or Geronimo) Cardano (Jérôme Cardan; Hieronymus Cardanus; 24 September 1501 – 21 September 1576) was an Italian polymath, whose interests and proficiencies ranged from being a mathematician, physician, biologist, physicist, chemist, astrologer, astronomer, philosopher, writer, and gambler.
Geronimo Stilton is an Italian children's book series published by Edizioni Piemme of Milan, Italy, since 2000.
Gesù Nuovo is the name of a church and a square in Naples, Italy.
The Gherardinis of Montagliari (or Florence) are a family that is still thriving.
Ghost of Relativity (literally "Ghost to Overtime With You" or "Who The Hell Wants to Overtime With You") is a 2015 Hong Kong romantic-comedy with a supernatural theme television drama created and produced by TVB, starring Moses Chan, Kristal Tin and Nancy Wu as the main cast.
Giacomo Raffaelli (February 2, 1753 - October 11, 1836) was an Italian mosaicist from Rome.
Giaconda is an Australian biotechnology company headquartered in Sydney.
Giampietrino, probably Giovanni Pietro Rizzoli (active 1495–1549), was a north Italian painter of the Lombard school and Leonardo's circle, succinctly characterized by Sidney J. Freedberg as an "exploiter of Leonardo's repertory.".
Gian Giacomo Trivulzio (1440 or 1441 – December 5, 1518) was an Italian aristocrat and condottiero who held several military commands during the Italian Wars.
Gian Vincenzo Pinelli (1535 – 31 August 1601) was an Italian humanist, born in Naples and known as a savant and a mentor of Galileo.
The Gianni Caproni Museum of Aeronautics (Italian: Museo dell'Aeronautica Gianni Caproni) is Italy's oldest aviation museum, as well as the country's oldest corporate museum.
The Giardino all'italiana or Italian garden is stylistically based on symmetry, axial geometry and on the principle of imposing order over nature.
George "Gigi" Becali (born 25 June 1958) is a controversial Romanian politician and businessman, mostly known for his ownership of the Steaua Bucureşti football club.
Gilcrux is a small village and civil parish in the Ceremonial County of Cumbria, England.
Ginevra de' Benci is a portrait painting by Leonardo da Vinci of the 15th-century Florentine aristocrat Ginevra de' Benci (born). The oil-on-wood portrait was acquired by the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. in 1967.
Ginevra de' Benci (1457-1521) was a member of the Benci family in Florence and is the subject of an early portrait by Leonardo da Vinci.
Ginevra King (November 30, 1898-December 13, 1980) was an American socialite and debutante and was the inspirational muse for several characters in the novels and short stories of American novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald.
Gino Todisco (born in Vallerotonda December 23, 1927) is an Italian linguist and literary critic.
Gioconda's Smile (italic) is one of the most famous albums by Greek composer Manos Hadjidakis.
Giorgione (born Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco; c. 1477/78–1510) was an Italian painter of the Venetian school in the High Renaissance from Venice, whose career was ended by his death at a little over 30.
Giovacchino Cantini (c. 1780-1844) was an Italian engraver, active in Florence as one of Raffaello Sanzio Morghen's most successful pupils.
Giovanni Agostino da Lodi was an Italian painter who was active from c. 1495 to c. 1525.
Giovanni Ambrogio de Predis (Preda, c. 1455 – Milan, c. 1508) was an Italian Renaissance painter, illuminator and designer of coins active in Milan.
Amadeo, Milan Cathedral The Colleoni Chapel in Bergamo. Giovanni Antonio Amadeo (c. 1447 – August 27 or 28, 1522) was an Italian early Renaissance sculptor, architect, and engineer.
Giovanni Antonio Boltraffio (or Beltraffio) (Milan 1466 or 1467 – 1516) was an Italian painter of the High Renaissance from Lombardy, who worked in the studio of Leonardo da Vinci.
Giovanni Antonio (Giannantonio) Del Balzo Orsini (1386 or 1393 – 15 November 1463) was a southern Italian nobleman and military leader; he was Prince of Taranto, Duke of Bari, Count of Lecce, Acerra, Soleto and Conversano, as well as Count of Matera (1433–63) and of Ugento (1453–63).
Giovanni Battista Armenini or Armanini (1530–1609) was an Italian art historian, critic, and academic.
Giovanni Battista de Toni (2 January 1864, Venice – 31 July 1924, Modena) was an Italian botanist, mycologist and phycologist.
Giovanni Battista Palumba, also known as the Master I.B. with a Bird (or the Bird etc.), was an Italian printmaker active in the early 16th century, making both engravings and woodcuts; he is generally attributed with respectively 14 and 11 of these.
Giovanni Battista Salvi da Sassoferrato (August 25, 1609 – August 8, 1685), also known as Giovanni Battista Salvi, was an Italian Baroque painter, known for his archaizing commitment to Raphael's style.
Giovanni Battista Venturi (Bibbiano, 11 September 1746 – Reggio nell'Emilia, 10 September 1822) was an Italian physicist, savant, man of letters, diplomat and historian of science.
Giovanni Cendramini (1760 – 8 February 1839) was an Italian painter and engraver.
Giovanni Francesco Caroto (1480 – 1555 or 1558) was an Italian painter of the Renaissance active mainly in his native city of Verona.
Giovan Francesco Rustici, or Giovanni Francesco Rustici, (1475–1554) was an Italian Renaissance painter and sculptor.
Giovanni Marliani was an Italian physicist, doctor, philosopher and astrologer who was born and lived during the Late Medieval period in northern Italy.
Giovanni Santi (c. 1435 – 1 August 1494) was an Italian painter, decorator, and the father of Raphael.
Giovanni Vendramini (1769–8 February 1839) was an Italian engraver.
Giovanni Volpato (1735–1803) was an Italian engraver.
Girolamo Alibrandi (1470-1524), was an Italian painter, born and active in Sicily, called the Raphael of Messina (il Raffaello di Messina).
Fra Girolamo Bonsignori, (miscalled Monsignori; 1472–1549) was an Italian artist.
Girolamo Riario (1443 – 14 April 1488) was Lord of Imola (from 1473) and Forlì (from 1480).
Girolamo Savonarola (21 September 1452 – 23 May 1498) was an Italian Dominican friar and preacher active in Renaissance Florence.
Giuliano da Sangallo (c. 1445 – 1516) was an Italian sculptor, architect and military engineer active during the Italian Renaissance.
Giuliano Ghelli (May 10, 1944 – February 15, 2014) was an Italian painter who produced several series of works, each rooted in the practice of drawing.
Giuseppe Arcimboldo (also spelled Arcimboldi) (1526 or 1527 – July 11, 1593) was an Italian painter best known for creating imaginative portrait heads made entirely of objects such as fruits, vegetables, flowers, fish, and books.
Giuseppe Bossi (11 August 1777 – 9 November 1815) was an Italian painter, arts administrator and writer on art.
Giuseppe Cades (March 4, 1750 – December 8, 1799) was an Italian sculptor, painter, and engraver.
Giuseppe Meda (c. 1534–1599) was an Italian painter, architect and hydraulics engineer.
Godspell is a musical, composed by Stephen Schwartz with the spoken parts by John-Michael Tebelak.
The Golden Horn (Altın Boynuz; Χρυσόκερας, Chrysókeras; Sinus Ceratinus), also known by its modern Turkish name as Haliç, is a major urban waterway and the primary inlet of the Bosphorus in Istanbul, Turkey.
In mathematics, two quantities are in the golden ratio if their ratio is the same as the ratio of their sum to the larger of the two quantities.
The Goldwell Open Air Museum is an outdoor sculpture park near the ghost town of Rhyolite in the U.S. state of Nevada.
Goodness Gracious Me is a BBC English-language sketch comedy show originally aired on BBC Radio 4 from 1996 to 1998 and later televised on BBC Two from 1998 to 2001.
A Google Doodle is a special, temporary alteration of the logo on Google's homepages that commemorates holidays, events, achievements, and people.
Gopal Swami Khetanchi (born 15 February 1958) is an Indian painter based in Jaipur.
is a super robot anime series produced and aired in 1981 in Japan, with a movie special released in 1982 and a film sequel, GoShogun: The Time Étranger or Time Stranger, in 1985.
The Gospels of Henry the Lion were intended by Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony, for the altar of the Virgin Mary in the church of St.
Gradisca d'Isonzo (Gardiscja or Gardiscje, Gradišče ob Soči, archaic Gradis am Sontig) is a town and comune of the Province of Gorizia in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, north-eastern Italy.
The Grandes Heures of Anne of Brittany (Les Grandes Heures d'Anne de Bretagne in French) is a book of hours, commissioned by Anne of Brittany, Queen of France to two kings in succession, and illuminated in Tours or perhaps Paris by Jean Bourdichon between 1503 and 1508.
Grant DeVolson Wood (February 13, 1891 – February 12, 1942) was an American painter best known for his paintings depicting the rural American Midwest, particularly American Gothic, which has become an iconic painting of the 20th century.
The great books are books that are thought to constitute an essential foundation in the literature of Western culture.
The Great Kite was a wooden machine designed by Leonardo da Vinci.
The Greater Germanic Reich (Großgermanisches Reich), fully styled the Greater Germanic Reich of the German Nation (Großgermanisch Reich der Deutschen Nation) is the official state name of the political entity that Nazi Germany tried to establish in Europe during World War II.
The following is a list of spin-offs of the 2002 100 Greatest Britons program produced by the BBC.
Greatness is a concept of a state of superiority affecting a person or object in a particular place or area.
Greek love is a term originally used by classicists to describe the primarily homoerotic, customs, practices and attitudes of the ancient Greeks.
Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.
With the rediscovery of classical antiquity in the Renaissance, the poetry of Ovid became a major influence on the imagination of poets and artists, and remained a fundamental influence on the diffusion and perception of Greek mythology through subsequent centuries.
Green is the color between blue and yellow on the visible spectrum.
Since at least the 18th century (in French and German as well as English), grotesque (or grottoesque) has come to be used as a general adjective for the strange, mysterious, magnificent, fantastic, hideous, ugly, incongruous, unpleasant, or disgusting, and thus is often used to describe weird shapes and distorted forms such as Halloween masks.
Grottaferrata is a small town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Rome, situated on the lower slopes of the Alban Hills, south east of Rome.
Guardians of the Lost Library is a comic book story made by Don Rosa for The Walt Disney Company, mentioned by Comics Buyer's Guide as "possibly the greatest comic book story of all time".
Guermantes is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
Guglielmo Achille Cavellini (11 September 1914 – 20 November 1990), also known as GAC, was an Italian artist and art collector.
Guglielmo Della Porta (Porlezza, 1515 - Rome, 1577) was an Italian sculptor.
Guido da Vigevano or Guido da Pavia (born c. 1280; died c. 1349) was an Italian physician and inventor.
Guido Semenza (19 December 1868 – 7 November 1929) was an Italian electrical engineer, inventor, and Leonardo da Vinci scholar.
Guillaume Amontons (31 August 1663 – 11 October 1705) was a French scientific instrument inventor and physicist.
Guillaume Fouace (22 May 1837, Réville - 7 January 1895, Paris) was a French painter.
Guillaume Gouffier, seigneur de Bonnivet (c. 1488 – 24 February 1525) was a French soldier.
Gunnar Johansen (January 21, 1906, Copenhagen – May 25, 1991, Madison, Wisconsin) was a Danish-born pianist and composer.
Gustave Moreau (6 April 1826 – 18 April 1898) was a major figure in French Symbolist painting whose main emphasis was the illustration of biblical and mythological figures.
Gustavo Uzielli (May 29, 1839, Livorno - March 7, 1911) was an Italian geologist, historian, and scientist.
Guy Mattison Davenport (November 23, 1927 – January 4, 2005) was an American writer, translator, illustrator, painter, intellectual, and teacher.
Gyula Kosice (born Ferdinand Fallik; April 26, 1924 – May 25, 2016) was a Czechoslovakian-born Argentine sculptor, plastic artist, and poet.
Ham Mocking Noah is an early 16th century (1510-1515) painting by Bernardino Luini currently in the Brera Gallery in Milan, Italy.
HaMerotz LaMillion (המירוץ למיליון, lit. The Race to the Million) is an Israeli reality television game show based on the American series, The Amazing Race.
The Hammer Museum, which is affiliated with the University of California, Los Angeles, is an art museum and cultural center known for its artist-centric and progressive array of exhibitions and public programs.
Hans Holbein the Younger (Hans Holbein der Jüngere) (– between 7 October and 29 November 1543) was a German artist and printmaker who worked in a Northern Renaissance style, known as one of the greatest portraitists of the 16th century.
Hans-Ludwig Wußing (October 15, 1927 in Waldheim – April 26, 2011 in Leipzig) was a German historian of mathematics and science.
Harding's Gallery (c. 1833-1847) in Boston, Massachusetts, exhibited works by European and American artists in the 1830s-1840s.
Harlington School is a mixed secondary school and sixth form located in the Harlington area of the London Borough of Hillingdon, England.
Henry "Harry" Buxton Forman CB (11 July 1842 – 15 June 1917) was a Victorian-era bibliographer and antiquarian bookseller whose literary reputation is based on his bibliographies of Percy Shelley and John Keats.
is a Japanese religious leader and a businessman.
The hate speech laws in France are matters of both civil law and criminal law.
The Hayward Gallery is an art gallery within the Southbank Centre, part of an area of major arts venues on the South Bank of the River Thames, in central London, England.
Héctor Xavier (1921 – July 3, 1994) was one of Mexico's most important sketch artists of the 20th century.
A head is the part of an organism which usually includes the eyes, ears, nose, and mouth, each of which aid in various sensory functions such as sight, hearing, smell, and taste, respectively.
The Head of a Warrior is a recurring theme in art.
The Head of a Womanalso known as La ScapigliataTranslation: The lady of the dishevelled hair is a painting in oil on wood by the Italian Renaissance master Leonardo da Vinci, dating from perhaps around 1500 and housed in the Galleria Nazionale di Parma, Italy.
Hector Janse van Rensburg, better known by his pseudonym Shitty Watercolour, is a British painter and cartoonist who started posting watercolour paintings on the social media website Reddit in February 2012, and later expanded to publishing his work on his own website, on Tumblr, and on Twitter.
Heinz Memorial Chapel is a Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation Historic Landmark and a contributing property to the Schenley Farms National Historic District on the campus of the University of Pittsburgh in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
A helicopter main rotor or rotor system is the combination of several rotary wings (rotor blades) and a control system that generates the aerodynamic lift force that supports the weight of the helicopter, and the thrust that counteracts aerodynamic drag in forward flight.
Helmut Friedrich Lachenmann (born 27 November 1935 in Stuttgart) is a German composer associated with "musique concrète instrumentale".
Hematidrosis, also called blood sweat, is a very rare condition in which a human sweats blood.
Henri Arnaut de Zwolle (c. 1400 in Zwolle – September 6, 1466 in Paris John Koster, 'Arnaut de Zwolle, Henri', Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed Sept 26 2007)) (often Henri Arnault, also Henricus Arnold/Arnoldus/Arnoul of/van Zwolle) was employed as a physician, astronomer, astrologer, and organist to Philip the Good.
Henry Alley is an American author and educator known for gay themes in his work.
Herbert James Elliott AC MBE (born 25 February 1938) is a former Australian athlete and arguably the world's greatest middle distance runner of his era.
The State Hermitage Museum (p) is a museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Hernando de los Llanos (active in the 16th century) was a Spanish painter active primarily around Cuenca for the duration of his career.
The Herodotus Machine was a machine described by Herodotus, a Greek historian born in Halicarnassus, Caria (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey).
Heroes for My Daughter is a non-fiction book written by Brad Meltzer.
Heroes of History: A Brief History of Civilization from Ancient Times to the Dawn of the Modern Age is a book by Will Durant, published in 2001 and was written as a summary of Will and Ariel Durant's The Story of Civilization.
Heroes of the Imagination is the second full-length album by psychedelic trance artists 1200 Micrograms, which was released in 2003.
is a Japanese webcomic, later adapted as a manga and an anime series, by Hidekaz Himaruya.
People often see hidden faces in things.
A hierarchy of genres is any formalization which ranks different genres in an art form in terms of their prestige and cultural value.
The High Museum of Art (colloquially the High), located in Atlanta, is a leading art museum in the Southeastern United States.
In art history, the High Renaissance is the period denoting the apogee of the visual arts in the Italian Renaissance.
History Bites is a television series on the History Television network that ran from 1998 to 2003.
Aerodynamics is a branch of dynamics concerned with the study of the motion of air.
The history of anatomy extends from the earliest examinations of sacrificial victims to the sophisticated analyses of the body performed by modern scientists.
The history of animation started long before the development of cinematography.
The history of art focuses on objects made by humans in visual form for aesthetic purposes.
The history of art criticism, as part of art history, is the study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts, i.e. genre, design, format, and style, which include aesthetic considerations.
The history of aviation extends for more than two thousand years, from the earliest forms of aviation such as kites and attempts at tower jumping to supersonic and hypersonic flight by powered, heavier-than-air jets.
The history of biology traces the study of the living world from ancient to modern times.
The history of Catholic Mariology traces theological developments and views regarding Mary from the early Church to the 21st century.
The history of Christianity concerns the Christian religion, Christendom, and the Church with its various denominations, from the 1st century to the present.
The history of Christianity during the Middle Ages is the history of Christianity between the Fall of Rome and the onset of the Protestant Reformation during the early 16th century, the development usually taken to mark the beginning of modern Christianity.
The history of erotic depictions includes paintings, sculpture, photographs, dramatic arts, music and writings that show scenes of a sexual nature throughout time.
The history of Europe covers the peoples inhabiting Europe from prehistory to the present.
Florence (Italian: Firenze) is a major historical city in Italy, distinguished as one of the most outstanding economic, cultural, political and artistic centres in the Italian peninsula from the Late Middle Ages to the Renaissance.
Geometry (from the γεωμετρία; geo- "earth", -metron "measurement") arose as the field of knowledge dealing with spatial relationships.
The historical development of geophysics has been motivated by two factors.
The history of Italian fashion is a chronological record of the events and characters that marked the Italian fashion through time and impacted the way it evolved into what it is today.
Italian renaissance domes were designed during the Renaissance period of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in Italy.
In archaic times, ancient Greeks, Etruscans and Celts established settlements in the south, the centre and the north of Italy respectively, while various Italian tribes and Italic peoples inhabited the Italian peninsula and insular Italy.
Political identity came to the territory now occupied by the Principality of Liechtenstein in 814, with the formation of the subcountry of Lower Rhætia.
The history of painting reaches back in time to artifacts from pre-historic humans, and spans all cultures.
The history of paleontology traces the history of the effort to understand the history of life on Earth by studying the fossil record left behind by living organisms.
The history of perpetual motion machines dates back to the Middle Ages.
The history of robots has its origins in the ancient world.
The history of structural engineering dates back to at least 2700 BC when the step pyramid for Pharaoh Djoser was built by Imhotep, the first engineer in history known by name.
Competitive swimming in Britain started around 1830, mostly using breaststroke.
The history of technology is the history of the invention of tools and techniques and is similar to other sides of the history of humanity.
Vehicles for human transport that have two wheels and require balancing by the rider date back to the early 19th century.
The history of the Catholic Church begins with Jesus Christ and His teachings (c. 4 BC – c. AD 30), and the Catholic Church is a continuation of the early Christian community established by Jesus.
The ways in which societies have perceived the concept of creativity have changed throughout history, as has the term itself.
The historical records for the Shroud of Turin can be separated into two time periods: before 1390 and from 1390 to the present.
The first recorded rudimentary steam engine was the aeolipile described by Heron of Alexandria in 1st-century Roman Egypt.
The history of the tank began in World War I, when armoured all-terrain fighting vehicles were first deployed as a response to the problems of trench warfare, ushering in a new era of mechanized warfare.
The history of the world is the history of humanity (or human history), as determined from archaeology, anthropology, genetics, linguistics, and other disciplines; and, for periods since the invention of writing, from recorded history and from secondary sources and studies.
History of the World, Part I is a 1981 American anthology comedy film written, produced, and directed by Mel Brooks.
The history of transport is largely one of technological innovation.
Vegetarianism has its roots in the civilizations of ancient India and ancient Greece.
Humans have used weapons in warfare, hunting, self-defense, law enforcement, and criminal activity for thousands of years.
Western civilization traces its roots back to Europe and the Mediterranean.
The history of zoology before Charles Darwin's 1859 theory of evolution traces the organized study of the animal kingdom from ancient to modern times.
History painting is a genre in painting defined by its subject matter rather than artistic style.
"Hit Me with Your Rhythm Stick" is a song by Ian Dury and the Blockheads, first released as a single on Stiff Records in the UK on 23 November 1978.
Hitler: A Film from Germany (Hitler, ein Film aus Deutschland), called Our Hitler in the US, is a 1977 Franco-British-German experimental film directed by Hans-Jürgen Syberberg, produced by Bernd Eichinger, and co-produced by the BBC.
Hockerill Anglo-European College (formerly known as Hockerill Boarding School) is an international boarding school with academy status located in Bishop's Stortford.
The Hockney–Falco thesis is a theory of art history, advanced by artist David Hockney and physicist Charles M. Falco.
The holomovement is a key concept in David Bohm's interpretation of quantum mechanics and for his overall worldview.
Homage to Leonardo, sometimes referred to as Vitruvian Man for being a representation of the drawing of the same name by Leonardo da Vinci, is an outdoor statue by Italian sculptor Enzo Plazzotta, located at Belgrave Square in London, United Kingdom.
"Homer Loves Flanders" is the sixteenth episode of The Simpsons' fifth season.
Homoeroticism is sexual attraction between members of the same sex, either male–male or female–female.
This article is about a wax sculpture.
Horses have appeared in works of art throughout history, frequently as depictions of the horse in battle.
The Hospital of Santa Maria Nuova (i.e. Ospedale di Santa Maria Nuova in Italian) is the oldest hospital still active in Florence, Italy.
The House of Medici was an Italian banking family and political dynasty that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence during the first half of the 15th century.
The House of Sforza was a ruling family of Renaissance Italy, based in Milan.
Houston Stewart Chamberlain (9 September 1855 – 9 January 1927) was a British-born German philosopher who wrote works about political philosophy and natural science; he is described by Michael D. Biddiss, a contributor to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, as a "racialist writer".
How Does Your Garden Grow? is a 1998 album by American alternative rock trio Better Than Ezra.
How to Read a Book is a 1940 book by Mortimer Adler.
Hudson Hawk is a 1991 American action comedy film directed by Michael Lehmann.
Hudson Hawk is a platform game developed by Special FX for the Amiga, Atari ST, Commodore 64 and ZX Spectrum based on the film of the same name.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
Human Accomplishment: The Pursuit of Excellence in the Arts and Sciences, 800 B.C. to 1950 is a 2003 book by Charles Murray, most widely known as the co-author of The Bell Curve (1994).
The human body is the entire structure of a human being.
The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system, and with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system.
In human anatomy, the head is the upper portion of the human body.
Human nutrition deals with the provision of essential nutrients in food that are necessary to support human life and health.
The human skeleton is the internal framework of the body.
Humanism is a philosophical and ethical stance that emphasizes the value and agency of human beings, individually and collectively, and generally prefers critical thinking and evidence (rationalism and empiricism) over acceptance of dogma or superstition.
A humanoid robot is a robot with its body shape built to resemble the human body.
"Humble" (stylized as "HUMBLE.") is a song by American rapper Kendrick Lamar.
The Hunt Museum (Iarsmalann Hunt) is a museum in the city of Limerick, Ireland.
Hunter Island is a peninsula and former island in the Bronx, New York City.
The hurdy-gurdy is a stringed instrument that produces sound by a hand crank-turned, rosined wheel rubbing against the strings.
Hydra Technologies is a Mexican firm dedicated to the design and development of unmanned aerial vehicles for surveillance operations and aircraft avionics.
Hydrology is the scientific study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including the water cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability.
A hygrometer is an instrument used for measuring the amount of humidity and water vapor in the atmosphere, in soil, or in confined spaces.
Hypsometric tints (also called layer tinting, elevation tinting, elevation coloring, or hysometric coloring) are colors placed between contour lines to indicate elevation.
Iacomo Andrea was an architect from Ferrara and the author on a commentary on Vitruvius.
Iacopo IV Appiani (1459 – April 10, 1510) was an Italian condottiero and lord of Piombino of the Appiani dynasty in the Renaissance.
Ian Hornak (January 9, 1944 – December 9, 2002) was an American draughtsman, painter and printmaker and one of the founding artists of the Hyperrealist and Photorealism art movements.
Ian Miller (born 11 November 1946) is a British fantasy illustrator and writer best known for his quirkily etched gothic style and macabre sensibility, and noted for his book and magazine cover and interior illustrations, including covers for books by H. P. Lovecraft and contributions to David Day's Tolkien-inspired compendiums, work for Fighting Fantasy gamebooks and various role-playing and wargaming publications, as well as contributions to the Ralph Bakshi films Wizards and Cool World.
Iatromathematicians (from Greek ἰατρική "medicine" and μαθηματικά "mathematics") were a school of physicians in 17th-century Italy who tried to apply the laws of mathematics and mechanics in order to understand the functioning of the human body.
Hasan Ibn al-Haytham (Latinized Alhazen; full name أبو علي، الحسن بن الحسن بن الهيثم) was an Arab mathematician, astronomer, and physicist of the Islamic Golden Age.
Icelandic names differ from most current Western family name systems by being patronymic or occasionally matronymic: they indicate the father (or mother) of the child and not the historic family lineage.
In medieval literature, the ichneumon or echinemon was the enemy of the dragon.
Iconography, as a branch of art history, studies the identification, description, and the interpretation of the content of images: the subjects depicted, the particular compositions and details used to do so, and other elements that are distinct from artistic style.
"If I Had a Hammer" is the ninth episode of the fourth season of the television series Hercules: The Legendary Journeys.
Igor Kalinauskas (Калинаускас Игорь Николаевич, Igoris Kalinauskas, born Igor Nikolayevich Nikolayev, February 7, 1945) — is a Russian artist, theater director, singer, member of the vocal duo "Zikr".
Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky (a, tr. Ígor' Ivánovič Sikórskij; May 25, 1889 – October 26, 1972),Fortier, Rénald.
Igor Tulipanov is a Russian-American painter born in St. Petersburg, Russia in 1939.
Il più grande italiano di tutti i tempi ("The greatest Italian of all times") was an Italian television show based on the British 100 Greatest Britons transmitted on Rai 2 in January and February 2010.
Il Sodoma (1477 – 14 February 1549) was the name given to the Italian Renaissance painter Giovanni Antonio Bazzi.
The Ill-Matched Marriage (also known as The Marriage Contract) is an oil painting executed by the early Netherlandish master Quentin Matsys, usually dated between 1525 and 1530.
Imbersago is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Lecco in the Italian region Lombardy, located in the Brianza traditional area about northeast of Milan and about south of Lecco.
Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy.
An inclined plane, also known as a ramp, is a flat supporting surface tilted at an angle, with one end higher than the other, used as an aid for raising or lowering a load.
The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to Italy.
This is a list of articles in medieval philosophy.
Articles Category:Wikipedia indexes.
Infographics (a clipped compound of "information" and "graphics") are graphic visual representations of information, data or knowledge intended to present information quickly and clearly.
Inger Edelfeldt (born 14July 1956) is a Swedish author, illustrator and translator.
An ink blot test is a personality test that involves the evaluation of a subject's response to ambiguous ink blots.
"Innuendo" is a 1991 single by the British rock band Queen.
The Institut Nova Història (INH) is a Catalan cultural foundation with headquarters in Barcelona.
Interchange, also known as Interchanged, is an oil on canvas painting by the Dutch-American abstract expressionist painter Willem de Kooning (1904–1997).
Interior of a Restaurant in Arles is a colored oil painting executed by the Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh on an industrially primed canvas of size 25 (Toile de 25 figure) in Arles, France, late August, 1888.
The Intermediate Math League of Eastern Massachusetts (or IMLEM) is a math league for middle schools across Eastern Massachusetts.
An international airport is an airport that offers customs and immigration facilities for passengers travelling between countries.
The International Cycling History Conference (ICHC) is an annual event devoted to applying academic rigor to the history of bicycles and cycling.
Interracial marriage is a form of marriage outside a specific social group (exogamy) involving spouses who belong to different socially-defined races or racialized ethnicities.
Intramuros is a literary review dedicated to biography, autobiography and the memory genre, with half-early frequency.
Intricate Unit is a band formed by Ben Kopec.
An invention is a unique or novel device, method, composition or process.
An inventor's notebook is used by inventors, scientists and engineers to record their ideas, invention process, experimental tests and results and observations.
"Iridescent" is a song by American rock band Linkin Park.
Iris Noble (22 February 1922 in Calgary, Alberta – 30 June 1986 in Pátzcuaro, Mexico) was a Canadian-American journalist and a prolific writer of books, best known for writing biographies for teens.
Iron gall ink (also known as iron gall nut ink, oak gall ink, and common ink) is a purple-black or brown-black ink made from iron salts and tannic acids from vegetable sources.
Isabella d'Este (19 May 1474 – 13 February 1539) was Marchesa of Mantua and one of the leading women of the Italian Renaissance as a major cultural and political figure.
Isabella of Aragon (2 October 1470 – 11 February 1524), also known as Isabella of Naples, was Duchess of Milan by marriage to Gian Galeazzo Sforza and suo jure Duchess of Bari.
was a Japanese voice actor from Taitō, Tokyo.
The Isleworth Mona Lisa is an oil-on-canvas painting of the same subject as Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa.
Badīʿ az-Zaman Abū l-ʿIzz ibn Ismāʿīl ibn ar-Razāz al-Jazarī (1136–1206, بديع الزمان أَبُو اَلْعِزِ بْنُ إسْماعِيلِ بْنُ الرِّزاز الجزري) was a Muslim polymath: a scholar, inventor, mechanical engineer, artisan, artist and mathematician.
The Israel National Museum of Science, Technology, and Space (also known as Madatech) (מדעטק - המוזיאון הלאומי למדע, טכנולוגיה וחלל MadaTek - HaMuze'on HaLe'umi LeMada, Tekhnologya VeHalal, متحف إسرائيل الوطني للعلوم والتكنولوجيا والفضاء) is a science and technology museum in the city of Haifa, Israel.
Istanbul Beneath My Wings (Original Turkish title: İstanbul Kanatlarımın Altında) is a 1996 Turkish film, written and directed by Mustafa Altıoklar.
Istituto Leonardo da Vinci or Istituto di Istruzione Superiore Leonardo da Vinci (IIS Leonardo da Vinci) may refer to: Schools in Italy.
Istituto Leonardo da Vinci (LdV) is a private Italian international school, located in Lugano, Switzerland.
The Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica (National Institute for the Graphic Design) is an Italian institute having the aim of preserving, protecting and promote a heritage of works providing documentary evidence of all types of graphic design: prints, drawings, photographs.
István Fenyő (5 March 1917 – 28 July 1987) was a Hungarian mathematician, whose first name was also known as "Étienne, Stefan, Stephan or Stephen".
Since ancient times, Greeks, Etruscans and Celts have inhabited the south, centre and north of the Italian peninsula respectively.
Leonardo da Vinci was one of three dreadnoughts built for the Regia Marina (Italian Royal Navy) in the early 1910s.
Plainsong is also called plainchant.
Italian euro coins have a design unique to each denomination, though there is a common theme of famous Italian works of art from one of Italy's renowned artists.
Italian Fascism (fascismo italiano), also known simply as Fascism, is the original fascist ideology as developed in Italy.
Italian literature is written in the Italian language, particularly within Italy.
The Italian Renaissance (Rinascimento) was the earliest manifestation of the general European Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement that began in Italy during the 14th century (Trecento) and lasted until the 17th century (Seicento), marking the transition between Medieval and Modern Europe.
Italian Renaissance painting is the painting of the period beginning in the late 13th century and flourishing from the early 15th to late 16th centuries, occurring in the Italian peninsula, which was at that time divided into many political areas.
Robotics in Italy is a high technology area where Italy has numerous research centers and industries.
Leonardo (A 5301) is a NATO Coastal Research Vessel owned by NATO and operated by Marina Militare as Coastal Research vessel (CRV), shared by ''CMRE - Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation'', in La Spezia Italy.
The Italian Wars, often referred to as the Great Italian Wars or the Great Wars of Italy and sometimes as the Habsburg–Valois Wars or the Renaissance Wars, were a series of conflicts from 1494 to 1559 that involved, at various times, most of the city-states of Italy, the Papal States, the Republic of Venice, most of the major states of Western Europe (France, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, England, and Scotland) as well as the Ottoman Empire.
The Italians (Italiani) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula.
Italophilia is the admiration, appreciation or emulation of Italy, its people, its ideals, its civilization or its culture.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Ivana Hadži-Popović (Serbian-Cyrillic: Ивана Хаџи-Поповић; born 1951 in Belgrade, Yugoslavia) is a Serbian writer and translator.
Ivar Kreuger (2 March 1880 – 12 March 1932) was a Swedish civil engineer, financier, entrepreneur and industrialist.
Judy Zebra "JZ" Knight (born Judith Darlene Hampton; March 16, 1946) is an American New Age teacher and author known for her purported channelling of a spiritual entity named Ramtha.
Jack Dann (born February 15, 1945) is an American writer best known for his science fiction, an editor and a writing teacher, who has lived in Australia since 1994.
Jack of All Trades is a half-hour-long syndicated action-comedy television series which ran for two seasons in 2000.
Detective Inspector Jonathan "Jack" Whicher (1 October 1814–29 June 1881) was one of the original eight members of the newly formed Detective Branch which was established at Scotland Yard in 1842.
Jacopo d’Andrea Saltarelli (born 1459) was an apprentice goldsmith and male prostitute, sometimes described in modern literature as an artist's model, about whom nothing is known except the details of court records of several charges of prostitution, in one of which Leonardo da Vinci was among the accused.
Jacques Maroger (1884–1962) was a painter and the technical director of the Louvre Museum's laboratory in Paris.
Jacques Stella (1596 - 29 April 1657) was a French painter.
Jadavpur University is a public autonomous university located in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Georg Jakob Felsing, a German line-engraver, was born at Darmstadt in 1802.
James Abbott McNeill Whistler (July 10, 1834 – July 17, 1903) was an American artist, active during the American Gilded Age and based primarily in the United Kingdom.
James Barry (11 October 1741 – 22 February 1806) was an Irish painter, best remembered for his six-part series of paintings entitled The Progress of Human Culture in the Great Room of the Royal Society of Arts in London.
Captain James Buchanan Eads (May 23, 1820 – March 8, 1887) was a world-renowned American civil engineer and inventor, holding more than 50 patents.
James Morrison (1789–1857) was a British millionaire businessman and Member of Parliament.
James Sloss Ackerman (November 8, 1919 – December 31, 2016) was an American architectural historian, a major scholar of Michelangelo's architecture, of Palladio and of Italian Renaissance architectural theory.
James Wadmore (4 October 1782 – 24 December 1853), was an English connoisseur.
Jan Leighton (December 27, 1921 - November 16, 2009) was an American actor and model who appeared in more than 3,000 roles.
Janeway Lambda one is a holonovel, or advanced virtual reality adventure, experienced by one of the characters in the science fiction television series Star Trek: Voyager.
The following events occurred in January 1963.
Jean Fourton (born 1934 in Puy-en-Velay, France) is a writer, humanist, painter and psychoanalyst.
Jean-Guillaume Moitte (11 November 1746, Paris – 2 May 1810, Paris) was a French sculptor.
Jean-Paul Richter (1847 – 1937) was a German art historian.
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (29 August 1780 – 14 January 1867) was a French Neoclassical painter.
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot (July 16, 1796 – February 22, 1875) was a French landscape and portrait painter as well as a printmaker in etching.
Jean-Michel Basquiat (December 22, 1960 – August 12, 1988) was an American artist.
Jeffrey Koons (born January 21, 1955) is an American artist known for working with popular culture subjects and his reproductions of banal objects—such as balloon animals produced in stainless steel with mirror-finish surfaces.
Jeffrey Karl Reese Vallance (born January 25, 1955 in Redondo Beach, California) is a contemporary artist who lives and works in Los Angeles, California.
Jens Thiis (12 May 1870 – 27 June 1942) was a Norwegian art historian, conservator and a prominent museum director.
Jerónimo Vicente Vallejo Cósida (1510 – 5 April 1592) was a Spanish Renaissance painter, sculptor, goldsmith and architect.
Jeremy Caniglia (born July 13, 1970) is an American figurative painter and illustrator, primarily in fantasy and horror genres.
James Arthur Bennett (born 1947) is a retired museum curator and historian of science.
Joan Carol Gratz (born 1941 in Burbank, California) is an American artist, animator, and filmmaker who specializes in clay painting, and is best known for her 1992 Oscar-winning film Mona Lisa Descending a Staircase.
Joconde is the central database created in 1975 and now available online, maintained by the French Ministry of Culture, for objects in the collections of the main French public and private museums listed as Musées de France, according to article L. 441-1 of the Code du patrimoine.
Johann Gotthard von Müller (4 May 1747 in Bernhausen, near Stuttgart – 14 March 1830 in Stuttgart) was a German line engraver.
Johann Kiefuss was a German inventor.
Johann Tobias Mayer (5 May 1752 – 30 November 1830) was a German physicist.
Johannes Vermeer (October 1632 – December 1675) was a Dutch painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle-class life.
John Albert Chamberlain Kefford (5 June 1905 – 24 May 1996) was an English character actor professionally known as John Abbott.
John Argyropoulos (Ἰωάννης Ἀργυρόπουλος Ioannis Argyropoulos; Giovanni Argiropulo; surname also spelt Argyropulus, or Argyropulos, or Argyropulo; c. 1415 – 26 June 1487) was a lecturer, philosopher and humanist, one of the émigré Greek scholars who pioneered the revival of Classical learning in 15th-century Italy.
John Byrne is an artist born in Belfast, Northern Ireland, now living in Dublin.
John Chamberlaine (1745 – 12 January 1812 in Paddington Green) was an antiquary and acted as keeper of George III's drawings, coins and medals from 1791 until his death in 1812.
John de Lancie (born March 20, 1948) is an American actor, comedian, director, producer, writer, singer, musician, and voice artist, best known for his role as Q in Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987–94), Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (1993–99), and Star Trek: Voyager (1995–2001) and the voice of Discord in My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic (2010–present).
John Francis Rigaud RA (18 May 1742 – 6 December 1810) was an eighteenth-century history, portrait, and decorative painter.
John Garrett is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.
John Grierson CBE (26 April 1898 – 19 February 1972) was a pioneering Scottish documentary maker, often considered the father of British and Canadian documentary film.
John Guise (1682 or 1683 – 12 June 1765) was a British Army officer and art collector.
John Harnad (born Hernád János) is a Hungarian-born mathematical physicist.
John Lombe (1693 in Norwich – November 20, 1722 in Derby) was a silk spinner in the 18th century Derby, England.
John Rhys-Davies (born 5 May 1944) is a Welsh actor and voice actor known for his portrayal of Gimli in ''The Lord of the Rings'' trilogy and the charismatic excavator Sallah in the ''Indiana Jones'' films.
Walter Francis John Montagu Douglas Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch and 11th Duke of Queensberry, (28 September 1923 – 4 September 2007) was a Scottish Peer, politician, and landowner.
John Stewart, Duke of Albany (1481 or 14842 July 1536 in Mirfleur, France) was Regent of the Kingdom of Scotland, Duke of Albany in peerage of Scotland and Count of Auvergne and Lauraguais in France.
Sir John Tenniel (28 February 1820 – 25 February 1914)Johnson, Lewis (2003).
John the Baptist (יוחנן המטביל Yokhanan HaMatbil, Ἰωάννης ὁ βαπτιστής, Iōánnēs ho baptistḗs or Ἰωάννης ὁ βαπτίζων, Iōánnēs ho baptízōn,Lang, Bernhard (2009) International Review of Biblical Studies Brill Academic Pub p. 380 – "33/34 CE Herod Antipas's marriage to Herodias (and beginning of the ministry of Jesus in a sabbatical year); 35 CE – death of John the Baptist" ⲓⲱⲁⲛⲛⲏⲥ ⲡⲓⲡⲣⲟⲇⲣⲟⲙⲟⲥ or ⲓⲱ̅ⲁ ⲡⲓⲣϥϯⲱⲙⲥ, يوحنا المعمدان) was a Jewish itinerant preacherCross, F. L. (ed.) (2005) Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 3rd ed.
John the Baptist (sometimes called John in the Wilderness) was the subject of at least eight paintings by the Italian Baroque artist Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1571–1610).
John William Lieb (February 12, 1860 in Newark, New Jersey – November 1, 1929 in New Rochelle, New York) was an American electrical engineer for the Edison Electric Light Company.
John Walker III (1906 Pittsburgh - 1995 Amberley, West Sussex) was an American art curator, and the second director of the National Gallery of Art, from 1956 to 1969.
Jonathan Bailey (born 25 April 1988) is an English actor, best known for the ITV drama Broadchurch, the BBC's Leonardo as a young Leonardo da Vinci and the Channel 4 comedy Campus.
Jonty Hurwitz (born 2 September 1969 in Johannesburg) is an artist, engineer and entrepreneur.
Joos van Cleve (also Joos van der Beke; c. 1485 – 1540/1541) was a painter active in Antwerp around 1511 to 1540.
Jordi Pigem (born April 30, 1964) is a Catalan philosopher and writer.
Josef Alan Levi (born February 17, 1938) is an American artist whose works range over a number of different styles, but which are unified by certain themes consistently present among them.
Joseph Beuys (12 May 1921 – 23 January 1986) was a German Fluxus, happening, and performance artist as well as a sculptor, installation artist, graphic artist, art theorist, and pedagogue.
Baron Joseph Marie François Cachin was a French engineer, most notable for his work at Cherbourg Harbour.
Joseph Fesch, Prince of France (3 January 1763 – 13 May 1839) was a French cardinal and diplomat, Prince of France and a member of the Imperial House of the First French Empire, Peer of France, Roman Prince, and the uncle of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Sir Joshua Reynolds (16 July 1723 – 23 February 1792) was an English painter, specialising in portraits.
Juan Bastos (born 18 January 1958, in Caracas, Venezuela) is an Venezuela-American portrait artist of Bolivian descent who also creates other representational art, including pieces that utilize mythology and symbolism.
Judy Leden, MBE (born 1959) is a British hang glider and paraglider pilot.
Julius Friedrich Antonio Schrader (16 June 1815 in Berlin – 16 February 1900 in Groß-Lichterfelde) was a German painter, associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting.
Justin Kirk (born May 28, 1969) is an American actor, known for portraying Prior Walter in Mike Nichols's screen adaptation of Angels in America, for which he was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie.
Kajetan "Kai" Mühlmann (26 June 1898 – 2 August 1958) was an Austrian art historian who was an officer in the SS and played a major role in the expropriation of art by the Nazis, particularly in Poland.
Kannada, is the language spoken in Karnataka.
Kanye Omari West (born June 8, 1977) is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, record producer, entrepreneur and fashion designer.
Karen Essex is an American historical novelist, a screenwriter, and journalist.
Karina Smigla-Bobinski (1967) is a German-Polish intermedia artist, working primarily in new media art and digital art, based in Berlin and Munich.Her work bridges kinetic art, drawing, video, installation, painting, performance and sculpture.
Baron Karl Eduard von Liphart or Carl Eduard von Liphart (16 May 1808 – 15 February 1891) was a noted art expert and collector from Estonia.
Karl Sims is a computer graphics artist and researcher, who is best known for using particle systems and artificial life in computer animation.
Catherine Elizabeth Grenville (born 14 October 1950) is an Australian author.
Kate Steinitz (2 August 1889 - 7 April 1975) was a German-American artist and art historian affiliated with the European Bauhaus and Dadaist movements in the early 20th century.
Kenneth Mackenzie Clark, Baron Clark (13 July 1903 – 21 May 1983) was a British art historian, museum director, and broadcaster.
Kennisnet (translated from Dutch as Knowledge Net, previously Kennisnet Ict op school) is a Dutch public (semi-governmental) organization dedicated to ICT-innovation for primary and secondary education and vocational training.
Kim Henry Veltman (born 5 September 1948) is a Dutch/Canadian historian of science, director of Virtual Maastricht McLuhan Institute (VMMI), consultant and author, known for his contributions in the fields of "linear perspective and the visual dimensions of science and art," new media, culture and society.
The title King of the Gypsies has been claimed or given over the centuries to many different people.
The third and final season of King of the Nerds aired on TBS from January 23, 2015 to March 13, 2015.
Kinuko Yamabe Craft (born January 3, 1940 in Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan) is a Japanese-born American painter, illustrator and fantasy artist.
Kirsti Møller Andersen (born December 9, 1941, Copenhagen), published under the name Kirsti Pedersen, is a Danish historian of mathematics.
KISS is an acronym for "Keep it simple, stupid" as a design principle noted by the U.S. Navy in 1960.
A kitchen is a room or part of a room used for cooking and food preparation in a dwelling or in a commercial establishment.
Knight, Death and the Devil (Ritter, Tod und Teufel), originally titled Rider (Reiter), is a large 1513 engraving by the German artist Albrecht Dürer, one of the three Meisterstiche (master prints) completed during a period when he almost ceased to work in paint or woodcuts to focus on engravings.
Kostas Spiropoulos (Κώστας Σπυρόπουλος; born 28 August 1952) is a Greek painter and doctor.
Kraków, also spelled Cracow or Krakow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.
The Kunstareal ("art district") is a museum quarter in the city centre of Munich, Germany.
Kunstschutz (art protection) is the German term for the principle of preserving cultural heritage and artworks during armed conflict, especially during the First World War and Second World War, with the stated aim of protecting the enemy's art and returning after the end of hostilities.
L.H.O.O.Q. is a work of art by Marcel Duchamp.
La Bella Principessa (English: "The Beautiful Princess"), also known as Portrait of Bianca Sforza, Young Girl in Profile in Renaissance Dress and Portrait of a Young Fiancée, is a portrait in coloured chalks and ink, on vellum, of a young lady in fashionable costume and hairstyle of a Milanese of the 1490s.
La belle ferronnière is a portrait of a lady, usually attributed to Leonardo da Vinci, in the Louvre.
La Conquistadora (Our Lady of the Conquest or The Lady Conqueror) is a small wooden statue of The Virgin Mary that currently resides in St. Francis Cathedral in Santa Fe, New Mexico.
The Portrait of a Young Woman (also known as La fornarina) is a painting by the Italian High Renaissance master Raphael, made between 1518 and 1519.
La Rochefoucauld is a commune in the Charente department in southwestern France.
In the western liturgical year, Lady Day is the traditional name in some English speaking countries of the Feast of the Annunciation (25 March), known in the 1549 Prayer Book of Edward VI and the 1667 Book of Common Prayer as "The Annunciation of the (Blessed) Virgin Mary" but more accurately (as currently in the 1997 Calendar of the Church of England) termed "The Annunciation of our Lord to the Blessed Virgin Mary".
Lady from Lisbon is a 1942 British comedy film directed by Leslie S. Hiscott and starring Francis L. Sullivan, Jane Carr, Martita Hunt and Charles Victor.
Lady with an Ermine (Dama con l'ermellino; Dama z gronostajem) is a painting by Leonardo da Vinci from around 1489–1490 and one of Poland's national treasures.
Lais of Corinth by Hans Holbein the Younger portrays the famous Lais of Corinth, a courtesan of ancient Greece who charged a high price for her favours.
Lake Nemi (Lago di Nemi, Nemorensis Lacus, also called Diana's Mirror, Speculum Dianae) is a small circular volcanic lake in the Lazio region of Italy south of Rome, taking its name from Nemi, the largest town in the area, that overlooks it from a height.
A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.
Landscape painting, also known as landscape art, is the depiction of landscapes in art – natural scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers, and forests, especially where the main subject is a wide view – with its elements arranged into a coherent composition.
Larry A. Thompson (born August 1, 1944) is a Hollywood film producer, personal manager, book packager, lawyer, author, and motivational speaker.
The Last Supper (1445–1450) is a fresco by the Italian Renaissance artist Andrea del Castagno, located in the refectory of the convent of Sant'Apollonia, now the Museo di Cenacolo di Sant'Apollonia, and accessed through a door on Via Ventisette Aprile at the corner with Santa Reparata, in Florence, region of Tuscany.
The Last Supper of Jesus and the Twelve Apostles has been a popular subject in Christian art, often as part of a cycle showing the Life of Christ.
The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from 1250 to 1500 AD.
Laura, formerly sometimes known as Portrait of a Young Bride, is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Giorgione, c. 1506.
Laura Jane Haddock (born 21 August 1985) is an English actress.
Lazar Drljača (10 October 1882 – 13 July 1970) was a Bosnian and Yugoslav painter.
Lárus H. List, born Reykjavík 28 February 1956, is an artist resident in Háteigur, Akureyri in the north-east of Iceland.
Léon Joseph Florentin Bonnat (20 June 1833 – 8 September 1922) was a French painter, Grand Officer of the Légion d'honneur and professor at the Ecole des Beaux Arts.
Léon Gard (12 July 1901 - 12 November 1979) was a French painter and art critic.
Léonard in French, and Leonardo in the Dutch translation, is a Belgian comic series about an eponymous inventor and his assistant.
Léopold Flameng (22 November 1831, Brussels – 5 September 1911, Courgent) was a French engraver, illustrator and painter.
LDV may refer to.
Charles-Édouard Jeanneret (6 October 1887 – 27 August 1965), known as Le Corbusier, was a Swiss-French architect, designer, painter, urban planner, writer, and one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture.
Leda and the Swan is a story and subject in art from Greek mythology in which the god Zeus, in the form of a swan, seduces Leda.
The story of Leda and the Swan was the subject of two compositions by Leonardo da Vinci from perhaps 1503-10.
Lee Robert Bobker (July 19, 1925 – December 28, 1999) was an American writer, film director and producer, primarily known for his documentary films.
Lefkara (Λεύκαρα) is a village on the island of Cyprus famous for its lace, known as lefkaritika in (Greek: λευκαρίτικα) and silver handicrafts.
Lefkaritika or Lefkara Lace is a handmade lace from Lefkara Cyprus.
Lennaert Herman Nijgh (Haarlem, January 29, 1945 – Haarlem, November 28, 2002) was a Dutch lyricist.
is an American contemporary artist, born in New York City.
Leopold Perutz (2 November 1882, Prague – 25 August 1957, Bad Ischl) was an Austrian novelist and mathematician.
Leo Steinberg (July 9, 1920 – March 13, 2011) was a Russian-born American art critic and art historian.
Leon Battista Alberti (February 14, 1404 – April 25, 1472) was an Italian humanist author, artist, architect, poet, priest, linguist, philosopher and cryptographer; he epitomised the Renaissance Man.
Leon Benois (Леонтий Николаевич Бенуа; 1856 in Peterhof – 1928 in Leningrad) was a Russian architect from the Benois family.
Leon Kelly (October 21, 1901 – June 28, 1982) was an American artist born in Philadelphia, PA.
Leonarde Keeler (1903–1949) was the co-inventor of the polygraph.
The Leonardeschi is the large group of artists who worked in the studio of or under the influence of Leonardo da Vinci.
Leonardo is a masculine given name, the Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese equivalent of the English, German, and Dutch name, Leonard.
Leonardo is a masculine given name.
The Leonardo Permanent Multipurpose Module (PMM) is a module of the International Space Station.
Leonardo, nicknamed Leo, is a fictional character and one of the four main characters in the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles comics and related media.
Leonardo is a British children's television series broadcast on CBBC.
Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519) was an Italian Renaissance polymath.
Leonardo da Vinci is a 1996 children's biography by Diane Stanley.
The Leonardo da Vinci Art School (the "Leonardo") was an art school founded in New York City (1923-1942), whose most famous student was Isamu Noguchi and whose director was sculptor and poet Onorio Ruotolo.
The Leonardo da Vinci Award was established in 1975 by the Rotary Club of Florence as an annual international prize named after Leonardo da Vinci, to be presented to young people involved in the study of the sciences, technology, literature and the arts.
Leonardo da Vinci School may refer to.
The Leonardo da Vinci World Award of Arts has been established by the World Cultural Council as a means of acknowledgment to those who offer a positive message to mankind through different expressions of art.
Leonardo da Vinci and A Memory of His Childhood (Eine Kindheitserinnerung des Leonardo da Vinci) is a 1910 essay by Sigmund Freud about Leonardo da Vinci's childhood.
Leonardo da Vinci: Flights of the Mind is a 2004 biography of Leonardo da Vinci by Charles Nicholl.
Leonardo da Vinci International Airport (Fiumicino – Aeroporto Internazionale Leonardo da Vinci) or simply Rome Fiumicino Airport, also known as just Fiumicino Airport, is an international airport in Rome and the major airport in Italy.
Leonardo Wilhelm DiCaprio (born November 11, 1974) is an American actor and film producer.
Leonardo Glacier is a glacier flowing into Wilhelmina Bay between Sadler Point and Café Point, on the west coast of Graham Land, Antarctica.
Leonardo S.p.A., formerly Leonardo-Finmeccanica and Finmeccanica, is an Italian global high-tech company and one of the key players in aerospace, defence and security.
Leonardo the Musical: A Portrait of Love is a musical with music and lyrics by Russell Dunlop, Duke Minks, Greg Moeller and Tommy Moeller and a book by John Kane.
Leonardo's Bride is an Australian pop band that formed in 1992.
Leonardo's crossbow is a type of shooting weapon designed by Leonardo da Vinci, whose drawings are in the Codex Atlanticus.
Leonardo's Diary (Czech: Leonardův deník) is a 1972 stop-motion animated short.
Leonardo da Vinci's fighting vehicle is one of the conceptualizations of the revered Italian polymath and artist Leonardo da Vinci.
Leonardo's Horse (also known as Gran Cavallo) is a sculpture that was commissioned of Leonardo da Vinci in 1482 by Duke of Milan Ludovico il Moro, but not completed.
Leonardo's robot, or Leonardo's mechanical knight (Italian: Robot di Leonardo or Automa cavaliere, lit. "Automaton knight"), was a humanoid automaton designed and possibly constructed by Leonardo da Vinci around the year 1495.
Leonardo's self-propelled cart is an invention designed by Leonardo da Vinci, considered the ancestor of the modern automobile.
Leonardo’s Swans is an international bestseller by Karen Essex, published by Doubleday in 2006.
Generally known as Leonardo's world map, it is a map drawn in the "octant projection" in approximately 1514, which has been related with the first uses of the name America.
Leonardo, The International Society for the Arts, Sciences and Technology (Leonardo/ISAST), a registered 501c(3) nonprofit, was formed in 1982 as an umbrella organization for the journals Leonardo (journal) and Leonardo Music Journal by physicist Roger Malina, son of the journal's founder, astronautical pioneer and artist Frank Malina.
Leonardus is a Latinized version of the Germanic name masculine name Leonard.
Leone Leoni (ca. 1509 – 22 July 1590) was an Italian sculptor of international outlook who travelled in Italy, Germany, Austria, France, Spain and the Netherlands.
Leopold Saverio Vaccaro was a noted surgeon and scientist who was decorated for assisting with the reconstruction of Italy in the aftermath of World War I.
Les Chimères or The Chimaeras is an unfinished painting by the French Symbolist painter Gustave Moreau (6 April 1826 – 18 April 1898) executed in 1884.
Leslie Frankenheimer (née McCarthy; October 2, 1948 – January 22, 2013) was an American film and television set decorator.
Leslie Megahey (born 22 December 1944) is a British television producer, director and writer.
In human anatomy, the levator claviculae is a very rare accessory and vestigial skeletal muscle in the posterior triangle of the neck.
Lewis deSoto (born 1954 in San Bernardino, California) is an American artist of Cahuilla Native American ancestry.
This article is about lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) history in Italy.
The Libro de' Disegni (Italian for Book of Drawings) was a collection of drawings gathered, sorted and grouped by Giorgio Vasari whilst writing his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects.
Liechtenstein, officially the Principality of Liechtenstein (Fürstentum Liechtenstein), is a doubly landlocked German-speaking microstate in Central Europe.
Life was an American magazine that ran regularly from 1883 to 1972 and again from 1978 to 2000.
Life After People is a television series on which scientists, structural engineers, and other experts speculate about what might become of Earth should humanity instantly disappear.
Lifestreaming is an act of documenting and sharing aspects of one's daily social experiences online, via a lifestream website that collects the things person chooses to publish (e.g. photos, tweets, videos) and presents them in reverse-chronological order.
Lighthouse: The Dark Being is an adventure game developed and released by Sierra On-Line.
The lily family, Liliaceae, consists of fifteen genera and about 705 known species (Christenhusz & Byng 2016) of flowering plants within the order Liliales.
Lillian F. Schwartz (born 1927) is a 20th-century American artist considered a pioneer of computer-mediated art and one of the first artists notable for basing almost her entire oeuvre on computational media.
Limerick (Luimneach) is a city in County Limerick, Ireland.
Caroline Lucie 'Lina' Waterfield OBE (16 August 1874 – 27 November 1964), Sistema Informativo Unificato per le Soprintendenze Archivistiche (SIUSA), 2011, retrieved 7 March 2017.
Linearity is the property of a mathematical relationship or function which means that it can be graphically represented as a straight line.
A mechanical linkage is an assembly of bodies connected to manage forces and movement.
Lionheart: Legacy of the Crusader is an action role-playing game, developed for Microsoft Windows by Reflexive Entertainment, published by Black Isle Studios, distributed in Europe by Avalon Interactive and released in August 2003.
The lira da braccio (or lyra de bracioMichael Praetorius. Syntagma Musicum Theatrum Instrumentorum seu Sciagraphia Wolfenbüttel 1620) was a European bowed string instrument of the Renaissance.
Lisa del Giocondo (née Gherardini; June 15, 1479 – July 15, 1542), also known as Lisa Gherardini, Lisa di Antonio Maria (or Antonmaria) Gherardini and Mona Lisa, was an Italian noblewoman, member of the Gherardini family of Florence and Tuscany in Italy.
This is a list of notable aerospace engineers, people who were trained in or practiced aerospace engineering.
The following is a partial list of characters from the TV series, Alias.
Alias is an American action, drama, thriller, and science fiction television series which debuted on September 30, 2001, on ABC.
This is a list of alternate history fiction, sorted by type.
The following is a list of notable architects well-known individuals with a large body of published work or notable structures, which point to an article in the English Wikipedia.
This article lists architectural sculpture in the City of Westminster in central London.
The List of artists in the Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide is a list of the artists indexed in the Metropolitan Museum of Art museum guide.
This list of characters from the Assassin's Creed franchise contains only characters that are considered part of Assassin's Creed canon.
The following are list of astronomers, astrophysicists and other notable people who have made contributions to the field of astronomy.
This is a list of notable autodidacts which includes people who have been partially or wholly self-taught.
The following is a list of dahlia cultivars which have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
There are many characters in Bewitched, a fantasy television sitcom.
Bewitched is an American fantasy situation comedy originally broadcast for eight seasons on ABC from 1964-72.
This is a list of biographical films.
This is a list of notable biologists with a biography in Wikipedia.
This is a list of buildings in Milan.
Camp Lazlo is an American animated television series created by Joe Murray.
Cartography is the study of map making and cartographers are map makers.
This list of Catholic artists concerns artists known, at least in part, for their works of religious Roman Catholic art.
China has been the source of many innovations, scientific discoveries and inventions.
This list of civil engineers is a list of notable people who have been trained in or have practiced civil engineering.
This is a list of characters from animated cartoon, comic books, webcomics and comic strips who are named after people.
This list of common misconceptions corrects erroneous beliefs that are currently widely held about notable topics.
This is a list of characters from the Cartoon Network animated series, Courage the Cowardly Dog.
This is a partial list of craters on Mars.
The list of approved names in the Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature maintained by the International Astronomical Union includes the diameter of the crater and the person the crater is named for.
This is a list of craters on Venus, named by the International Astronomical Union's (IAU) Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature.
The List of cultural icons of Italy is a list of links to potential cultural icons of Italy.
Da Vinci's Demons is an American historical fantasy drama series that presents a fictional account of Leonardo da Vinci's early life.
This is a partial list of people who have been categorized as deists, the belief in a deity based on natural religion only, or belief in religious truths discovered by people through a process of reasoning, independent of any revelation through scripture or prophets.
The BBC Radio 4 programme Desert Island Discs invites castaways to choose eight pieces of music, a book (in addition to the Bible - or a religious text appropriate to that person's beliefs - and the Complete Works of Shakespeare) and a luxury item that they would take to an imaginary desert island, where they will be marooned indefinitely.
The BBC Radio 4 programme Desert Island Discs invites castaways to choose eight pieces of music, a book (in addition to the Bible - or a religious text appropriate to that person's beliefs - and the Complete Works of Shakespeare) and a luxury item that they would take to an imaginary desert island, where they will be marooned indefinitely.
The BBC Radio 4 programme Desert Island Discs invites castaways to choose eight pieces of music, a book (in addition to the Bible - or a religious text appropriate to that person's beliefs - and the Complete Works of Shakespeare) and a luxury item that they would take to an imaginary desert island, where they will be marooned indefinitely.
This is a list of dramatic television series (including web television and miniseries) that feature noteworthy lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender characters.
This is a list of Elseworlds publications from DC Comics, separated by main character, and in alphabetical order by title.
Découvertes Gallimard is a French encyclopaedic collection of illustrated pocket books published by Éditions Gallimard since 1986.
Epcot is a theme park located at the Walt Disney World Resort.
Epic Rap Battles of History is a YouTube series created by Peter "Nice Peter" Shukoff and Lloyd "EpicLLOYD" Ahlquist.
An eponym is a person (real or fictitious) whose name has become identified with a particular object or activity.
This is a list of eponymously named airports.
This is a list of equestrian statues in Italy.
Family Guy is an American animated comedy series created by Seth MacFarlane for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
This is a list of characters that are featured in the television series Fetch! with Ruff Ruffman.
The following is a list of fictional United States presidents, C through D.
"Futurology" as a term was coined in the twentieth century.
Many games contain time travel elements.
This page contains a list of voice actors who worked on the animated series Gargoyles.
Parent article: List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people; Siblings: This is a partial list of confirmed famous people who were or are gay, lesbian or bisexual.
This is a list of genres of literature and entertainment, excluding genres in the visual arts.
A geometer is a mathematician whose area of study is geometry.
The List of graphic artists in the Web Gallery of Art is a list of the named artists in the Web Gallery of Art (WGA) whose works there comprise drawings, woodcuts, etchings, engravings, mezzotints, lithographs, and watercolours.
Hannibal is an American psychological thriller television series developed by Bryan Fuller for NBC that aired for 39 episodes from April 4, 2013, until August 29, 2015.
The following is an episode list of the Rick Green show, History Bites, which ran from 1998–2004.
Horrible Histories is a children's live-action historical sketch-comedy TV series based on the book series of the same name written by Terry Deary.
This is a list of notable inventors.
Following is a list of Italian architects.
Italy has been the source of many significant inventions.
This is a list of Italian inventors.
A list of notable mathematicians from Italy by century.
Following is a list of Italian painters (in alphabetical order) who are notable for their art.
This is a list of Italians, who are identified with the Italian nation through residential, legal, historical, or cultural means, grouped by their area of notability.
is a Japanese tokusatsu drama in the Kamen Rider Series, written by Takuro Fukuda.
The following is a list of chapters of the long-running manga series Kochira Katsushika-ku Kameari Kōen-mae Hashutsujo.
The largest seamless photograph made in a single exposure was made using a Southern California jet hangar transformed into a giant camera.
This is a list of last words, statements spoken by people shortly before their death.
Many Catholics have made significant contributions to the development of science and mathematics from the Middle Ages to today.
There have been a number of gay Catholics throughout history.
This list of Little Einsteins episodes gives the date and plot for each broadcast of the children's television series Little Einsteins during 2005–2010.
This is a list of the episodes of Mad, an animated sketch comedy television series inspired by Mad Magazine that aired on Cartoon Network.
This list provides an overview of some of the significant or common map projections.
The first Sabre was a former knife thrower named Paul Richarde until he was selected by Modred to oppose Black Knight.
This is a list of artists who actively explored mathematics in their artworks.
This is a list of mechanical engineers, noted for their contribution to the field of mechanical engineering.
This is an episode list of the long-running documentary television series Modern Marvels.
This is a list of characters from the Monica's Gang franchise, created by Brazilian cartoonist Maurício de Sousa.
This is a list of personnel who participated in the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives program under the Civil Affairs and Military Government Sections of the Allied armies between 1943 and 1946.
This is a list of the highest known prices paid for paintings.
Please add names of notable painters in alphabetical order.
The List of painters in the National Gallery of Art is a list of the named artists in the National Gallery of Art whose works there comprise oil paintings, gouaches, tempera paintings, and pastels.
The List of painters in the Pinakothek is a list of the named artists in the Bavarian State Picture Collection whose works are in the collections of the Alte Pinakothek, Neue Pinakothek, or Pinakothek der Moderne.
The List of painters in the Web Gallery of Art is a list of the named painters in the Web Gallery of Art (WGA).
This is a partial list of major and secondary characters in the comic strip ''Pearls Before Swine'' by Stephan Pastis.
A number of people claim to have eidetic memory, but science has never found a single verifiable case of photographic memory.
The following is a list of people who are considered a "father" or "mother" (or "founding father" or "founding mother") of a scientific field.
The following is a list of notable people who are listed or reported to be dyslexic, or who some people thought were dyslexic, or more generally whenever there is an urban legend or popular myth about their being dyslexic.
This is a list of people honored on the postage stamps of Albania.
This article lists people who have been featured on Cuban postage stamps.
This is a list of people on stamps of France.
Gabon first had its own stamps as a French colony in 1886.
This is a list of people on postage stamps of Germany.
This is a list of people on stamps of Hungary.
This is a list of people on stamps of Italy.
This page contains a list of people depicted on postage stamps issued by Latvia, along with the dates of issue.
This article lists people who have been featured on Paraguayan postage stamps.
The following is a list of people on the postage stamps of Romania.
This is a list of people on postage stamps of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and its precursors.
This is a list of people on postage stamps of the German Democratic Republic.
This is a list of people on the postage stamps of the colonies of Italy, including the years of their appearances.
This is a list of people on stamps of the United Arab Emirates.
The following is a list of people whose names were given to craters of the Moon. The list of approved names in the Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature maintained by the International Astronomical Union includes the person the crater is named for.
The following is a list of people whose names were given to craters of Mars. The list of approved names in the Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature maintained by the International Astronomical Union includes the person the crater is named for.
This is a list of notable people who have, or had, the medical condition epilepsy.
Philosophers (and others important in the history of philosophy), listed alphabetically.
The following is a list of portrait drawings by Hans Holbein the Younger that are generally accepted as by his own hand.
This is a list of public art in Belgravia, a district in the City of Westminster and the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in London.
There are more than 400 public artworks in the City of Westminster, a borough in central London.
This is a list of notable people associated with the Renaissance.
The following is a list of episodes of the British children's comedy Rentaghost, which aired on BBC One from 6 January 1976 to 6 November 1984.
Among the individuals or fictional characters who have had rose cultivars named after them are the following.
S.H.I.E.L.D. is a Marvel Comics fictional counterterrorism and intelligence agency charged with investigating and neutralizing paranormal and superhuman threats for global security.
The List of sculptors in the Web Gallery of Art is a list of the named sculptors in the Web Gallery of Art (WGA).
This is a list of sculptures in Herăstrău Park, a park in Bucharest, Romania.
The following are fictional characters in the American animated television series South Park.
This article lists characters in the various canonical incarnations of Star Trek.
This is a list of the fictional Star Trek universe's Starfleet ships organized by ship class.
Star Trek: Voyager is an American science fiction television series that debuted on UPN on January 16, 1995, and ran for seven seasons until May 23, 2001.
This is an episode list for the science fiction television series Star Trek: Voyager, which aired on UPN from January 1995 through May 2001.
This is a list of the most famous statues worldwide, past and present that already have articles about them in Wikipedia or are referred to or pictured in other articles.
List of the statues and memorials in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
List of famous stolen paintings are valuable paintings that have been stolen and gained publicity.
This is a list of television series which are not primarily time travel series but include one or more episodes about time travel.
The Annoying Orange is an American comedy web series created by former Minnesota film student and MTV production assistant Dane Boedigheimer in 2009.
This is a list of episodes of The Mr. Peabody & Sherman Show, the American animated web television series produced by DreamWorks Animation and Jay Ward Productions.
This is a list of the 124 Pink Panther animated shorts produced between December 18, 1964 and December 31, 1978 by DePatie–Freleng Enterprises (DFE Films) Ninety-two shorts were released theatrically, and eventually the first sixty-two entries appeared on Saturday mornings via The Pink Panther Show under the same umbrella title starting in 1969 on NBC.
In the first book, Cirque Du Freak/Cirque Du Freak: A Living Nightmare, "Darren" says he used no real names in the books.
This article details the characters found in all four versions of The Tick.
The following is a list of characters featured in the Transformers film series, distributed by Paramount Pictures, and it's related media appearances.
This is a list of issue covers of TV Guide magazine from the decade of the 1970s, from January 1970 to December 1979.
This is a list of episodes for Uncle Grandpa, an American animated TV series created by Peter Browngardt and airing on Cartoon Network.
This is a list of notable people who have adhered to a vegetarian diet at some point during their life.
The following is a list of video games with gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender characters, including any others falling under the LGBT umbrella term.
The following is a list of wax figures (consisting of artists (painters, writers, musicians, comedians, film directors, film producers, actors and actresses), businesspersons, politicians, country leaders (presidents, monarchs and supreme leaders), athletes, personalities (celebrity figures, performers, reality television personalities, TV hosts, chefs, models, socialites, philanthropists and internet celebrities/Youtubers), historical figures (military figures, revolutionaries, organisational founders, human rights activists and criminals), religious leaders, animated and film characters) which are currently displayed or have been displayed at one of the Madame Tussauds museums.
Leonardo da Vinci (baptised Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci), (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was one of the leading artists of the High Renaissance.
The following is a list of works of painting, sculpture and architecture by the Italian Renaissance artist Michelangelo.
This is a list of works by Italian Renaissance painter Raphael (in Italian Raffaello).
Many works of art are claimed to have been designed using the golden ratio.
The following is a very incomplete list of notable works in the collections of the Musée du Louvre in Paris.
This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites around the world by year of inscription.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.
The UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has designated 168 World Heritage Sites in all of the 17 sovereign countries (also called "state parties") of Southern Europe: Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, Portugal, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, and Vatican City as well as one site in the British overseas territory of Gibraltar.
This is the complete list of all episodes from Japanese anime, Yakitate!! Japan, directed by Yasunao Aoki.
A lithobolos refers to any mechanical artillery weapon used and/or referred to as a stone thrower in ancient warfare.
The Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects (Le Vite de' più eccellenti pittori, scultori, e architettori), also known as The Lives (Le Vite), is a series of artist biographies written by 16th-century Italian painter and architect Giorgio Vasari, which is considered "perhaps the most famous, and even today the most-read work of the older literature of art", "some of the Italian Renaissance's most influential writing on art", and "the first important book on art history".
Living in the Material World is the fourth studio album by English musician George Harrison, released in 1973 on Apple Records.
"Living in the Material World" is a song by English rock musician George Harrison that was released as the title track of his 1973 album.
John Lloyd Aspinwall (December 12, 1834 – September 4, 1886) was an American lawyer and soldier who served in the U.S. Civil War, achieving the rank of Brigadier general in the U.S. National Guard.
Locarno (Ticinese: Locarn; formerly in Luggárus) is a southern Swiss town and municipality in the district Locarno (and its capital), located on the northern shore of Lake Maggiore at its northeastern tip in the canton of Ticino at the southern foot of the Swiss Alps.
A lock is a device used for raising and lowering boats, ships and other watercraft between stretches of water of different levels on river and canal waterways.
"Lockup" is the fifth episode of the fourth season of the American television series Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., based on the Marvel Comics organization S.H.I.E.L.D. (Strategic Homeland Intervention, Enforcement and Logistics Division), revolving around the character of Phil Coulson and his team of S.H.I.E.L.D. agents as they attempt a prison breakout.
The Loire (Léger; Liger) is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world.
Lombardy (Lombardia; Lumbardia, pronounced: (Western Lombard), (Eastern Lombard)) is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy, in the northwest of the country, with an area of.
Lord Havelock Vetinari, Lord Patrician (Primus inter pares) of the city-state of Ankh-Morpork, is a fictional character in Terry Pratchett's Discworld series, a series of forty-one books describing a parallel universe whose main world has reflections of our Earth.
Lorenzo de' Medici (1 January 1449 – 8 April 1492) was an Italian statesman, de facto ruler of the Florentine Republic and the most powerful and enthusiastic patron of Renaissance culture in Italy.
Lorenzo di Credi (c. 1459 – January 12, 1537) was an Italian Renaissance painter and sculptor, known for his paintings on religious subjects.
Lorenzo Ghiberti (1378 – 1 December 1455), born Lorenzo di Bartolo, was a Florentine Italian artist of the Early Renaissance best known as the creator of the bronze doors of the Florence Baptistery, called by Michelangelo the Gates of Paradise.
Lost artworks are original pieces of art that credible sources indicate once existed but that cannot be accounted for in museums or private collections or are known to have been destroyed deliberately or accidentally, or neglected through ignorance and lack of connoisseurship.
Louis Alexander Waldman (born 1965) is an American art historian specializing in the Italian Renaissance.
Louis Béroud (January 17, 1852, Lyon-October 9, 1930, Paris) was a French painter of the late 19th, early 20th century.
The Louvre, or the Louvre Museum, is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France.
The Louvre Abu Dhabi is an art and civilization museum, located in Abu Dhabi, UAE.
The Louvre Palace (Palais du Louvre) is a former royal palace located on the Right Bank of the Seine in Paris, between the Tuileries Gardens and the church of Saint-Germain l'Auxerrois.
Lovisa O. Card-Catlin (August 5, 1846 – December 7, 1925) was an artist and educator credited with developing Erie, Pennsylvania’s art community.
Low-complexity art, first described by Jürgen Schmidhuber in 1997 and now established as a seminal topic within the larger field of computer science,DiChio, Cecilia, "Applications of Evolutionary Computation", Springer, 2010, p. 302.
Low-key photography is a genre of photography consisting of shooting dark-colored scenes, and emphasizing natural or artificial light only on specific areas in the frame.
Luboš Plný (born 4 November 1961) is a Czech painter and conceptual artist, usually classified as a creator of art brut.
Fra Luca Bartolomeo de Pacioli (sometimes Paccioli or Paciolo; 1447–1517) was an Italian mathematician, Franciscan friar, collaborator with Leonardo da Vinci, and a seminal contributor to the field now known as accounting.
The Lucan portrait of Leonardo da Vinci is a late 15th or early 16th century portrait of a man that was recently discovered in a cupboard of a private house in Italy.
Lucia Peka (March 30, 1912 – August 13, 1991) was a Latvian-American artist.
Luciano Chessa (born 1971, Sassari, Italy) is a composer, performer, and musicologist.
Luciano Nezzo (Badia Polesine, September, 1856 – Urbino, 1903) was an Italian painter, painting both history and genre subjects.
Lucrezia Crivelli (27 July 1452 – 1508) was a mistress of Ludovico Sforza, il Moro, Duke of Milan.
Ludovico Ariosto (8 September 1474 – 6 July 1533) was an Italian poet.
Ludovico Maria Sforza (also known as Ludovico il Moro; 27 July 1452 – 27 May 1508), was Duke of Milan from 1494, following the death of his nephew Gian Galeazzo Sforza, until 1499.
Ludovico Trevisan (November 1401 – March 22, 1465) was an Italian catholic prelate, who was the Chamberlain of the Apostolic Camera, Patriarch of Aquileia and Captain General of the Church.
Ludwig Heinrich Heydenreich (born 23 March 1903 in Leipzig; died 14 September 1978 in Munich) was a German art historian specialized in Italian Renaissance art.
Luigi Antoine Josephe Calamatta (21 june 1801 – 08/03/1869 in Milan) was an Italian painter and engraver.
Luigi Pellegrini Scaramuccia (1616–1680) was an Italian painter and artist biographer of the Baroque period.
Luigi Ugolini (June 25, 1891 – June 22, 1980) was an Italian writer.
Luis de Morales (1512 – 9 May 1586) was a Spanish painter born in Badajoz, Extremadura.
Luke Dominic Brugnara (born October 18, 1963), also known as "Lucky Luke", is a San Francisco-Las Vegas commercial real estate investor and developer and president of Brugnara Corporation.
Lumen Martin Winter (December 12, 1908 – April 5, 1982) was a celebrated public artist whose skills in sculpture, paintings, and works on paper, were widely known during his lifetime.
Lupin the Third Part IV, known in Japan as, is the fifth incarnation of TMS Entertainment's long-running anime television adaptation of the Lupin III manga series written by Monkey Punch.
Lycée Léonard de Vinci may refer to: Schools in the Paris area.
Lycée Léonard de Vinci is a senior high school/sixth form college in Levallois-Perret, Hauts-de-Seine, France, in the Paris metropolitan area.
Lycée Léonard de Vinci is a French senior high school/sixth form college in Melun, France.
Lycée Léonard de Vinci is a senior high school/sixth-form college in Saint-Witz, Val-d'Oise, France, in the Paris metropolitan area.
Lycée Léonard de Vinci is a senior high school/sixth-form college in Tremblay-en-France, Seine-Saint-Denis, France, in the Paris metropolitan area.
Lyndon Hermyle LaRouche Jr. (born September 8, 1922) is an American political activist and founder of the LaRouche movement, whose main organization is the National Caucus of Labor Committees (NCLC).
Lynn Picknett is a writer, researcher, and lecturer on the paranormal, the occult, and historical and religious mysteries.
Maurits Cornelis Escher (17 June 1898 – 27 March 1972) was a Dutch graphic artist who made mathematically-inspired woodcuts, lithographs, and mezzotints.
Ma Jir Bo or Ma Jiabao (26 August 1927 – 8 December 1985) was a Chinese realism artist and oil painter.
is a Japanese voice actress and singer.
A machine uses power to apply forces and control movement to perform an intended action.
A machine tool is a machine for shaping or machining metal or other rigid materials, usually by cutting, boring, grinding, shearing, or other forms of deformation.
Mad (stylized as MAD) is an American humor magazine founded in 1952 by editor Harvey Kurtzman and publisher William Gaines, launched as a comic book before it became a magazine.
The Mad Thinker is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.
A Madonna is a representation of Mary, either alone or with her child Jesus.
The Madonna and Child with St.
The Madonna and Child with the Infant John the Baptist (previously also known as The Virgin of the Sandal) is a 1518 oil on panel painting by Antonio da Correggio.
The Madonna del cardellino or Madonna of the Goldfinch is a painting by the Italian renaissance artist Raphael, from c. 1505-1506.
The Madonna del Granduca is a Madonna painting by the Italian renaissance artist Raphael.
The Madonna Litta is a late 15th-century painting, traditionally attributed to Leonardo da Vinci, in the Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg.
The Madonna of Bruges is a marble sculpture by Michelangelo of Mary with the Child Jesus.
Madonna of Laroque is an oil painting on a poplar board (48 cm / 59 cm) created between 1502-1503.
The Madonna of the Carnation, a.k.a. Madonna with Vase or Madonna with Child, is a Renaissance oil painting by Leonardo da Vinci created around 1478-1480.
Madonna of the Harpies (Italian: Madonna delle Arpie) is an altarpiece in oils by Andrea del Sarto, a major painter of the High Renaissance.
The Madonna of the Pinks (c. 1506–1507, Italian: La Madonna dei garofani) is an early devotional painting usually attributed to Italian Renaissance master Raphael.
The Madonna of the Yarnwinder (Madonna dei Fusi, “Madonna of the Spindles”) is a subject depicted by Leonardo da Vinci in at least one, and perhaps two paintings begun in 1499 or later.
The magic lantern, also known by its Latin name lanterna magica, is an early type of image projector employing pictures painted, printed or produced photographically on transparent plates (usually made of glass), one or more lenses, and a light source.
The Magic Tree House is an American series of children's books written by American author Mary Pope Osborne.
Malcolm Hardee (5 January 1950 – 31 January 2005) was an English comedian, author, comedy club proprietor, compère, agent, manager and "amateur sensationalist".
Mamma Roma is a 1962 Italian drama film written and directed by Pier Paolo Pasolini and starring Anna Magnani and Ettore Garofolo.
Man, Moment, Machine is a television series which aired on The History Channel and was hosted by Hunter Ellis.
is a series of manga versions of classic literature.
Mangotsfield School Specialist College in Engineering and Science is a secondary school and sixth form located in Mangotsfield in South Gloucestershire, north of the Kingswood suburb of Bristol.
Mannerism, also known as Late Renaissance, is a style in European art that emerged in the later years of the Italian High Renaissance around 1520 and lasted until about the end of the 16th century in Italy, when the Baroque style began to replace it.
Manoel Cândido Pinto de Oliveira GCSE, GCIH (11 December 1908 – 2 April 2015) was a Portuguese film director and screenwriter born in Cedofeita, Porto.
Marble Drop is a puzzle video game published by Maxis on February 28, 1997.
Marcantonio della Torre (1481–1511) was a Renaissance Professor of Anatomy who lectured at the University of Pavia and at the University of Padua.
Henri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp (28 July 1887 – 2 October 1968) was a French-American painter, sculptor, chess player and writer whose work is associated with Cubism, conceptual art, and Dada, although he was careful about his use of the term Dada and was not directly associated with Dada groups.
Marcel Pérès (born 15 July 1956, Oran, Algeria) is a French musicologist, composer, choral director and singer, and the founder of the early music group Ensemble Organum.
Marchetto Cara (c. 1465 – probably 1525) was an Italian composer, lutenist and singer of the Renaissance.
Marco d'Oggiono (c. 1470 – c. 1549) was an Italian Renaissance painter and a chief pupil of Leonardo da Vinci, many of whose works he copied.
Marcus Peter Francis du Sautoy (born 26 August 1965) is a British mathematician, author, and populariser of science and mathematics.
Marcus Wareing (born 29 June 1970) is an English celebrity chef who is currently Chef Patron of the two-Michelin-starred restaurant Marcus Wareing, (formerly Marcus Wareing at the Berkeley) in Knightsbridge.
Margaret, nicknamed Margarete Maultasch (1318 – 3 October 1369), was the last Countess of Tyrol from the House of Gorizia (Meinhardiner).
"Margaritaville" is the third episode of the thirteenth season of the American animated television series South Park.
Marguerite de Navarre (Marguerite d'Angoulême, Marguerite d'Alençon; 11 April 149221 December 1549), also known as Marguerite of Angoulême and Margaret of Navarre, was the princess of France, Queen of Navarre, and Duchess of Alençon and Berry.
The Blessed Virgin Mary has been one of the major subjects of Western Art for centuries.
Marino Curnis (born 7 May 1973) is an Italian writer, poet, musician, language student and traveller.
Marino Torlonia (29 July 1861 – 5 March 1933), 4th Prince of Civitella-Cesi, duke of Poli and Guadagnolo, was an Italian nobleman.
Mario G. Salvadori (March 19, 1907 – June 25, 1997)Goldberger, Paul (June 28, 1997).
Mario Taddei (born September 28, 1972) is an Italian academic, and technical director and chief researcher at the Italian study center Leonardo3 in Milan.
Mariology of the Catholic Church is the systematic study of the person of Mary, mother of Jesus, and of her place in the Economy of Salvation, within Catholic theology.
Mariotto Albertinelli, in full Mariotto di Bigio di Bindo Albertinelli (13 October 1474 – 5 November 1515) was an Italian Renaissance painter of the Florentine school.
Marisol Escobar (May 22, 1930 – April 30, 2016), otherwise known simply as Marisol, was a French sculptor of Venezuelan heritage who worked in New York City.
Mark Barrott (born 1968) is an English DJ and record producer.
Sir David Mark Rylance Waters (born 18 January 1960), known professionally as Mark Rylance, is an English actor, theatre director, and playwright.
Mark Warwick Fordham Speight (6 August 1965 – 7 April 2008) was an English television presenter and host of children's art programme SMart.
Martha and Mary Magdalene (c. 1598) is a painting by the Italian Baroque master Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio.
Martin Clayton, LVO, FSA, (born 1967) is Head of Prints and Drawings for Royal Collection Trust at Windsor Castle.
Martin Kemp (born 5 March 1942) is emeritus professor of the history of art at University of Oxford.
Martin Charlton Woodhouse (29 August 1932 – 15 May 2011)https://www.theguardian.com/books/2011/jul/05/martin-woodhouse-obituary was a British author and scriptwriter.
Mary Beth Edelson (born 1933) is an American artist and pioneer in the Feminist art movement, deemed one of the notable "first generation feminist artists." She was also active in the civil rights movement.
Saint Mary Magdalene, sometimes called simply the Magdalene, was a Jewish woman who, according to the four canonical gospels, traveled with Jesus as one of his followers and was a witness to his crucifixion, burial, and resurrection.
Mary Magdalene is an oil on panel painting of Mary Magdalene, dating to around 1500 and now in the Galleria Palatina in Florence - it has featured in its inventory since 1641.
Mary of Enghien, also Maria d'Enghien, (1367 or 1370 – 9 May 1446) was Countess of Lecce from 1384 to 1446, and Queen of Naples as well as titular Queen of Sicily, Jerusalem, and Hungary by marriage to Ladislaus of Naples in 1406-1414.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Massimiliano Giornetti (born 29 October 1971 in Carrara) is an Italian fashion designer.
Massimo Troisi (19 February 1953 – 4 June 1994) was an Italian actor, film director, and poet.
Masterpiece is a board game by Parker Brothers, now a brand of Hasbro.
Mathematical beauty describes the notion that some mathematicians may derive aesthetic pleasure from their work, and from mathematics in general.
Mathematics and art are related in a variety of ways.
Ideas from Mathematics have been used as inspiration for fiber arts including quilt making, knitting, cross-stitch, crochet, embroidery and weaving.
Nasuh bin Karagöz bin Abdullah el-Visokavi el-Bosnavî, or Nasuh el-Matrakči ibn Karađoz ibn Abdullah el-Visokavi el-Bosnevi, commonly known as Matrakçı Nasuh for his competence in the game of Matrak, invented by himself, (also known as Nasuh el-Silâhî, Nasuh the Swordsman, because of his talent with weapons; 1480 – 1564) was a 16th-century Bosniak statesman of the Ottoman Empire, polymath, mathematician, teacher, historian, geographer, cartographer, swordmaster, navigator, inventor, painter, farmer, and miniaturist.
(TYO: 8235, delisted) is a major Japanese department store chain operated by Daimaru Matsuzakaya Department Stores, a subsidiary of J. Front Retailing.
Matteo Zaccolini (April 1574 – 13 July 1630) was an Italian painter, priest and author of the late Mannerist and early Baroque periods.
Mattheus Ignatius van Bree (Antwerp, 1773 – Antwerp, 1839) was a Belgian painter.
Maurizio Pisati (Milan, 1959) is an Italian musician and composer.
Maurizio Seracini (16 December 1946) is a diagnostician of Italian art.
Mauro Moretti (born 29 October 1953) is an Italian executive and former CEO and General Manager of Leonardo S.p.A. (formerly Finmeccanica), from May 2014 to May 2017.
Max, the 2000-Year-Old Mouse was a Canadian animated television series produced by Steve Krantz, which originally aired in Canada in 1967 and became popular in several parts of the world, most notably the United States, where it was syndicated on both local and PBS stations between 1970 and 1979, and also the United Kingdom, where it was repeated numerous times on the ITV network between its original transmission in 1969 and its last showing to date in 1992.
The pyramid-shaped maxillary sinus (or antrum of Highmore) is the largest of the paranasal sinuses, and drains into the middle meatus of the nose.
Meadows near Rijswijk and the Schenkweg is a watercolor by the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh that he made in January 1882, shortly after taking up residence in The Hague.
139 | 2139 Makharadze || 1970 MC || The Georgian city of Ozurgeti (formerly known as Makharadze) is the twin city of Genichesk, Ukraine.
A mechanical arm is a machine that mimics the action of a human arm.
Mechanical toys are toys powered by mechanical energy.
Medical Explorers was a Canadian historical television series which aired on CBC Television in 1973.
The Medical Renaissance, from 1400 to 1700 CE, is the period of progress in European medical knowledge, and a renewed interest in the ancient ideas of the Greeks and Romans.
Medieval technology refers to the technology used in medieval Europe under Christian rule.
In Greek mythology, Medusa (Μέδουσα "guardian, protectress") was a monster, a Gorgon, generally described as a winged human female with living venomous snakes in place of hair.
Medusa is either of two paintings described in Giorgio Vasari's Life of Leonardo da Vinci as being among Leonardo's earliest works.
A meme is an idea, behavior, or style that spreads from person to person within a culture—often with the aim of conveying a particular phenomenon, theme, or meaning represented by the meme.
The Menus-Plaisirs du Roi was, in the organisation of the French royal household under the Ancien Régime, the department of the Maison du Roi responsible for the "lesser pleasures of the King", which meant in practice that it was in charge of all the preparations for ceremonies, events and festivities, down to the last detail of design and order.
Merchant Prince is a turn-based 4X strategy video game franchise set in the Republic of Venice during the Renaissance.
Merlin the Magician is a fictional character and superhero in the publications of Quality Comics in the 1940s and, briefly in the 1990s, by DC Comics.
The Merton thesis is an argument about the nature of early experimental science proposed by Robert K. Merton.
The mesentery is a continuous set of tissues that attaches the intestines to the abdominal wall in humans and is formed by the double fold of peritoneum.
, alternatively translated as The Wheel of Life, is a painting by Japanese Nihonga artist Yokoyama Taikan.
Metro Copilco is a station along Line 3 on the Mexico City Metro.
The Metropolitan City of Florence (Città Metropolitana di Firenze) is a metropolitan city in the Tuscany region, Italy.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States.
Michael Zansky (born 1947, in the Bronx, New York) is an American artist working in installation art, sculpture, painting and photography.
Michèle Desbordes (4 August 1940, Saint-Cyr-en-Val (Loiret) – 24 January 2006, Baule (Loiret), aged 65) was a French writer.
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni or more commonly known by his first name Michelangelo (6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564) was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance born in the Republic of Florence, who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.
Michele Cascella (7 September 1892 – 31 August 1989) was an Italian artist.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
Milan Konjović (28 January 1898 – 20 October 1993) (Милан Коњовић) was a prominent Serbian painter whose works can be divided into six periods of artistic style.
The genre of military art is art with a military subject matter, regardless of its style or medium.
Military engineering is loosely defined as the art, science, and practice of designing and building military works and maintaining lines of military transport and communications.
Military history is a humanities discipline within the scope of general historical recording of armed conflict in the history of humanity, and its impact on the societies, their cultures, economies and changing local and international relationships.
The military history of Italy chronicles a vast time period, lasting from the overthrow of Tarquinius Superbus in 509 BC, through the Roman Empire, Italian unification, and into the modern day.
In numismatics, the term milled coinage (also known as machine-struck coinage) is used to describe coins which are produced by some form of machine, rather than by manually hammering coin blanks between two dies (hammered coinage) or casting coins from dies.
Koca Mi'mâr Sinân Âğâ (معمار سينان, "Sinan Agha the Grand Architect"; Modern Turkish: Mimar Sinan,, "Sinan the Architect") (1488/1490 – July 17, 1588) was the chief Ottoman architect (mimar) and civil engineer for Sultans Suleiman the Magnificent, Selim II, and Murad III.
Miner Kilbourne Kellogg (1814-1889) was an American painter noted for his Orientalist work, an art historian and art collector.
The Minoritenkirche (Friars Minor Conventual Church, related to the monastic Order of Friars Minor Conventual monks), formally called Italienische Nationalkirche Maria Schnee (Italian National Church of Mary of the Snows), is a church built in French Gothic style in the Altstadt or First District of Vienna, Austria.
Mirko Dražen Grmek (9 January 1924 – 6 March 2000) was a Croatian and French historian of medicine, writer and scientist.
A mirror is an object that reflects light in such a way that, for incident light in some range of wavelengths, the reflected light preserves many or most of the detailed physical characteristics of the original light, called specular reflection.
Mirror writing is formed by writing in the direction that is the reverse of the natural way for a given language, such that the result is the mirror image of normal writing: it appears normal when it is reflected in a mirror.
Hector Peabody (mostly referred to as Mr. Peabody) is a cartoon dog who appeared in the late 1950s and early 1960s television animated series The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle and Friends, produced by Jay Ward.
Mistress and Maid (c.1667) is a painting produced by Johannes Vermeer, now in the Frick Collection in New York City.
Mitchell Merling is the Paul Mellon Curator of European Art at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, succeeding Pinkney L. Near in that position in 2005.
Mjötviður Mær, released in 1981, was the second album by Icelandic new wave/rock group Þeyr.
Modern philosophy is philosophy developed in the modern era and associated with modernity.
The Modulor is an anthropometric scale of proportions devised by the Swiss-born French architect Le Corbusier (1887–1965).
Mohammad bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (محمد بن سلمان بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود; born 31 August 1985), known colloquially as MbS, is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, also serving as First Deputy Prime Minister, President of the Council for Economic and Development Affairs and Minister of Defense—the world's youngest office holder at the time.
"Mom and Pop Art" is the nineteenth episode of The Simpsons tenth season.
Mona is a female, and sometimes male, given name and a surname of multiple origins.
"Mona Leaves-a" is the nineteenth episode of The Simpsons' nineteenth season.
The Mona Lisa (Monna Lisa or La Gioconda, La Joconde) is a half-length portrait painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci that has been described as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world".
Mona Lisa is a crater on Venus at latitude 25.6, longitude 25.1.
"Mona Lisa" is a popular song written by Ray Evans and Jay Livingston for the Paramount Pictures film Captain Carey, U.S.A. (1950).
Mona Lisa, Op.
The copy of the Mona Lisa is a painting of the same subject as Leonardo da Vinci's famous Mona Lisa (which is held by the Louvre Museum, Paris).
Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa is one of the most recognizable and famous works of art in the world, and also one of the most replicated and reinterpreted.
Mona Lisa Smile is a 2003 American drama film produced by Revolution Studios and Columbia Pictures in association with Red Om Films Productions, directed by Mike Newell, written by Lawrence Konner and Mark Rosenthal, and starring Julia Roberts, Kirsten Dunst, Julia Stiles and Maggie Gyllenhaal.
Mona Lisa's Revenge is a two-part story of The Sarah Jane Adventures which was broadcast on CBBC on 12 and 13 November 2009.
Moncodeno (Moncoeuden in Lombard) is the northern mountain slope of the Grigna, part of the Bergamasque Alps in the province of Lecco, Lombardy, northern Italy.
Monte Ceceri is a hill near Fiesole, Tuscany.
The Monte Rosa (or synonymously used as a pleonasm: Monte Rosa massif (massiccio del Monte Rosa; Monte Rosa-Massiv; massif du Mont Rose) is a mountain massif located in the eastern part of the Pennine Alps. It is located between Switzerland (Valais) and Italy (Piedmont and Aosta Valley). Monte Rosa is the second highest mountain in the Alps and western Europe.John Ball, A Guide to the Western Alps, pp. 308-314 Monte Rosa is a huge ice-covered mountain in the Alps, located on the watershed between central and southern Europe. Its main summit, named Dufourspitze in honor of the surveyor Guillaume-Henri Dufour, culminates at above sea level and is followed by the five nearly equally high subsidiary summits of Dunantspitze, Grenzgipfel, Nordend, Zumsteinspitze and Signalkuppe. Monte Rosa is the highest mountain of both Switzerland and the Pennine Alps and is also the second-highest mountain of the Alps and Europe outside the Caucasus. The north-west side of the central Monte Rosa massif, with its enormous ice slopes and seracs, constitutes the boundary and upper basin of the large Gorner Glacier, which descends towards Zermatt and merges with its nowadays much larger tributary, the Grenzgletscher (Border Glacier), right below the Monte Rosa Hut on the lower end of the visible western wing. The Grenzgletscher is an impressive glacier formation between the western wing of the mountain and Liskamm, a ridge on its southwestern side on the Swiss-Italian border. On the eastern side, in Italy, the mountain falls away in an almost vertical wall of granite and ice, the biggest in Europe, overlooking Macugnaga and several smaller glaciers. Monte Rosa was studied by pioneering geologists and explorers, including Leonardo da Vinci in the late fifteenth century and Horace-Bénédict de Saussure in the late eighteenth century. Following a long series of attempts beginning in the early nineteenth century, Monte Rosa's summit, then still called Höchste Spitze (Highest Peak), was first reached in 1855 from Zermatt by a party of eight climbers led by three guides. The great east wall was first climbed in 1872, from Macugnaga. Each summer a large number of climbers set out from the Monte Rosa Hut on the mountain's west wing for one of its summits via the normal route or for the Margherita Hut on the Signalkuppe (Punta Gnifetti), used as a research station. Many tourists and hikers also come each year to the Gornergrat on the north-west side of the massif, to see the panorama that extends over the giants of the Alps, from Monte Rosa to the Matterhorn.
The Moon illusion is an optical illusion which causes the Moon to appear larger near the horizon than it does higher up in the sky.
Alessandro Bonvicino (also Buonvicino) (December 22, 1554), more commonly known as Moretto, or in Italian Il Moretto da Brescia (the Moor of Brescia), was an Italian Renaissance painter from Brescia, where he also mostly worked.
The Morgan Library & Museum – formerly the Pierpont Morgan Library – is a museum and research library located at 225 Madison Avenue at East 36th Street in the Murray Hill neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City.
A Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) was a large pressurized container used on Space Shuttle missions to transfer cargo to and from the International Space Station (ISS).
Multipotentiality is an educational and psychological term referring to the ability and preference of a person, particularly one of strong intellectual or artistic curiosity, to excel in two or more different fields.
A mural is any piece of artwork painted or applied directly on a wall, ceiling or other permanent surface.
is a Japanese anime television series, based on an unused story by Monkey Punch.
The Musée Bonnat-Helleu is an art museum in Bayonne, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France.
The Musée du Luxembourg is a museum at 19 rue de Vaugirard in the 6th arrondissement of Paris.
The Museo Ideale Leonardo da Vinci is located in Vinci, Leonardo da Vinci's birthplace, in the province of Florence, Italy.
The Museo nazionale della Scienza e della Tecnologia "Leonardo da Vinci" in Milan is the largest science and technology museum in Italy, and is dedicated to Italian painter and scientist Leonardo da Vinci.
The Museo Soumaya is a private museum in Mexico City and a non-profit cultural institution with two museum buildings in Mexico City - Plaza Carso and Plaza Loreto.
The Museu Nacional de Belas Artes (MNBA; Portuguese for National Museum of Fine Arts) is a national art museum located in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Museum of Fine Arts (Szépművészeti Múzeum) is a museum in Heroes' Square, Budapest, Hungary, facing the Palace of Art.
The Museum of Fine Arts of Rennes (Musée des beaux-arts de Rennes) is a municipal museum of fine arts in the French city of Rennes, the capital of Brittany.
The Museum of Idaho is a history and science museum in downtown Idaho Falls, Idaho.
The Museum of Science and Industry (MSI) is located in Chicago, Illinois, in Jackson Park, in the Hyde Park neighborhood between Lake Michigan and The University of Chicago.
A musician is a person who plays a musical instrument or is musically talented.
My Favorite Martian is an American television sitcom that aired on CBS from September 29, 1963, to May 1, 1966, for 107 episodes (75 in black and white: 1963–65, 32 color: 1965–66).
My Hero is a British television sitcom, written and created by Paul Mendelson, that broadcast for six series on the BBC between 2000 and 2006.
Mystery Files TV Series was a TV series broadcast on National Geographic Channel in the UK in February 2010.
The cast of the television series MythBusters perform experiments to verify or debunk urban legends, old wives' tales, and the like.
In the fictional world of The Librarian, a series of made-for-TV movies from TNT, there exists a secret society of Librarians who are the guardians of a wide range of magical and mythical relics.
Naked Pictures of Famous People: Another Example of Blatantly False Advertising is a collection of essays and short stories written in 1998 by Jon Stewart, who hosted The Daily Show.
Nathaniel Richards is a fictional time-traveling scientist appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.
The National Gallery is an art museum in Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, in Central London.
The National Gallery of Art, and its attached Sculpture Garden, is a national art museum in Washington, D.C., located on the National Mall, between 3rd and 9th Streets, at Constitution Avenue NW.
The National Helicopter Museum is a non-profit museum focused on the history of the helicopter and aviation industry around Stratford, Connecticut in the United States.
The National Library of Wales (Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru), Aberystwyth, is the national legal deposit library of Wales and is one of the Welsh Government sponsored bodies.
The National Museum in Kraków (Muzeum Narodowe w Krakowie), popularly abbreviated as MNK, established in 1879, is the main branch of Poland's National Museum, which has several independent branches with permanent collections around the country.
The National Wax Museum Plus is a privately owned waxworks museum in Dublin, Ireland.
The Nativity of Jesus has been a major subject of Christian art since the 4th century.
The Nauru Phosphate Corporation (NPC) was a government-owned company controlling phosphate mining in Nauru, now known as the Republic of Nauru Phosphate, or RONPhos.
The Naviglio di Paderno was a navigable canal of the Navigli system in the Lombardy region of Northern Italy.
Necromancy is a practice of magic involving communication with the deceased – either by summoning their spirit as an apparition or raising them bodily – for the purpose of divination, imparting the means to foretell future events or discover hidden knowledge, to bring someone back from the dead, or to use the deceased as a weapon, as the term may sometimes be used in a more general sense to refer to black magic or witchcraft.
The Nemi Ships were two ships, one ship larger than the other, built by the Roman emperor Caligula in the 1st century AD at Lake Nemi.
Neurophysiology (from Greek νεῦρον, neuron, "nerve"; φύσις, physis, "nature, origin"; and -λογία, -logia, "knowledge") is a branch of physiology and neuroscience that is concerned with the study of the functioning of the nervous system.
The Neutra Office Building is a office building in the Silver Lake section of Los Angeles, California.
The Niagara Falls Suspension Bridge, which stood from 1855 to 1897 across the Niagara River, was the world's first working railway suspension bridge.
Niccolò Appiani (or Appiano), a Milanese painter, who flourished about the year 1510.
Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) was an Italian diplomat, politician, historian, philosopher, humanist, and writer of the Renaissance period.
Niccolò Piccinino (1386 – 15 October 1444) was an Italian condottiero.
The Niccolini-Cowper Madonna, also known as the Large Cowper Madonna, is a painting by the Italian High Renaissance artist Raphael, depicting Mary and Child, against a blue sky.
Nicola D'Ascenzo (September 25, 1871, Torricella Peligna, Italy – April 13, 1954, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) was an Italian-born American stained glass designer, painter and instructor.
Nicolas Bachelier (1485–1557) was a French surveyor, architect, and mason.
Nicolas Steno (Niels Steensen; Latinized to Nicolaus Stenonis or Nicolaus Stenonius; 1 January 1638 – 25 November 1686 – Aber, James S. 2007. Retrieved 11 January 2012.) was a Danish scientist, a pioneer in both anatomy and geology who became a Catholic bishop in his later years.
A niddy-noddy (plural niddy-noddies"Niddy-noddy." The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989.) is a tool used to make skeins from yarn.
is a Japanese stage play and anime series, part of a wider franchise titled The Fool by anime creator Shōji Kawamori.
Norbert Denef (born May 5, 1949 in Delitzsch, Germany) is a German victim of sexual abuse in the Roman Catholic church.
Norbulingka (ནོར་བུ་གླིང་ཀ་; Wylie: Nor-bu-gling-ka;; literally "The Jewelled Park") is a palace and surrounding park in Lhasa, Tibet, China, built from 1755.
The Norfolk Botanical Garden (155 acres) is a botanical garden with arboretum located at 6700 Azalea Garden Road, Norfolk, Virginia.
The Northern Renaissance was the Renaissance that occurred in Europe north of the Alps.
Nostradamus Effect is an American sensationalist television series that premiered on September 9, 2009, on the History channel.
The prophecies of the 16th century author Nostradamus have become a ubiquitous part of the popular culture of the 20th and 21st centuries.
Notebook is a style of writing where people jot down what they have thought or heard at the spur of moment.
Non ci resta che piangere (in the U.S. is also known as Nothing Left to Do But Cry) is a 1984 Italian comedy film, starring Roberto Benigni and Massimo Troisi, who are also directors and writers of the movie.
Novators(Novatory) is a Russian popular-science cartoon which tells about the inventions of Russian scientists.
Nunziato d'Antonio di Domenico, known as Nunziata (1468–1525) was an Italian painter, fireworks artist, and bombardier of Renaissance Florence.
Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism.
Oberammergau Passion Play is a passion play performed since 1634 as a tradition by the inhabitants of the village of Oberammergau, Bavaria, Germany.
The octant projection or octants projection, is a type of projection proposed the first time, in 1508, by Leonardo da Vinci in his Codex Atlanticus.
Octave on his real name Octavian Teodorescu (born 29 January 1963) is a Romanian vanguard musician, composer, music arranger, songwriter, music producer, performer, multi-instrumentist (guitars, keyboards, programmable instruments) from Bucharest, Romania.
Odd Nerdrum (born 8 April 1944) is a Swedish-born, Norwegian figurative painter whose work is held by museums worldwide.
An odometer or odograph is an instrument used for measuring the distance travelled by a vehicle, such as a bicycle or car.
Madonna Enthroned, also known as the Ognissanti Madonna, is a painting by the Italian late medieval artist Giotto di Bondone, housed in the Uffizi Gallery of Florence, Italy.
The chiesa di San Salvatore di Ognissanti or more simply chiesa di Ognissanti ("Church of All Saints"), is a Franciscan church located on the piazza of the same name in central Florence, region of Tuscany, Italy.
Oil paint is a type of slow-drying paint that consists of particles of pigment suspended in a drying oil, commonly linseed oil.
Oil painting is the process of painting with pigments with a medium of drying oil as the binder.
Old Harry's Game is a UK radio comedy written and directed by Andy Hamilton, who also plays the cynical, world-weary Satan.
Sleeping Venus'' (c. 1510), Dresden, Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister. In art history, "Old Master" (or "old master"), Christies.com.
Oleg Khvostov (born 19 October 1972) is a Russian painter, representative of naïve art.
Olga Tsutskova (О́льга Петро́вна Цуцко́ва; June 6, 1952) is a painter who lives in Saint-Petersburg, Russia.
Omer Halilhodžić (born 1963 in Mostar) is a Bosnian automotive designer.
Omri Amrany (born 23 May 1954) is an Israeli-American best known as a sculptor and painter, though also accomplished as an architectural innovator and wall tapestry artist.
On Air is the second solo release by Alan Parsons following the split of The Alan Parsons Project; however, the album's chief creative force was the Project's long-time guitarist, Ian Bairnson.
Once Upon a Time… ("Il était une fois…") is a French educational animation franchise, created by Procidis.
Once Upon a Time...
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One Good Turn: A Natural History of the Screwdriver and the Screw is a book published in 2000 by Canadian architect, professor and writer Witold Rybczynski.
Operating Manual For Spaceship Earth is a short book by R. Buckminster Fuller, first published in 1968, following an address with a similar title given to the 50th annual convention of the American Planners Association in the Shoreham Hotel, Washington D.C., on 16 October 1967.
The Operation Anthropoid Memorial is a monument in Libeň, Prague that commemorates Operation Anthropoid, an ambush on senior Nazi official Reinhard Heydrich by Czechoslovakian partisans on 27 May 1942 which resulted in his death one week later.
Optical toys form a group of devices with some entertainment value that usually have a scientific, optical nature.
The Orbis Pictus Award for Outstanding Nonfiction for Children recognizes books which demonstrate excellence in the "writing of nonfiction for children." It is awarded annually by the National Council of Teachers of English to one American book published the previous year.
Organizational memory (OM) (sometimes called institutional or corporate memory) is the accumulated body of data, information, and knowledge created in the course of an individual organization's existence.
ORLAN (born Mireille Suzanne Francette Porte) is a French artist, born May 30, 1947 in Saint-Étienne, Loire.
The Orleans Collection was a very important collection of over 500 paintings formed by Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans, mostly acquired between about 1700 and his death in 1723.
An ornithopter (from Greek ornithos "bird" and pteron "wing") is an aircraft that flies by flapping its wings.
The Ospedale di Santo Spirito (Italian for Hospital of the Holy Spirit) is an ancient hospital (now a convention center) in Rome, Italy.
Otto Rank (né Rosenfeld; April 22, 1884 – October 31, 1939) was an Austrian psychoanalyst, writer, and teacher.
Our Lady of Graces (Italian: Madonna delle Grazie or Nostra Signora delle Grazie) or St Mary of Graces (Italian: Santa Maria delle Grazie) is a devotion to the Virgin Mary in the Roman Catholic Church.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to drawing and drawings.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to energy: Energy – in physics, this is an indirectly observed quantity often understood as the ability of a physical system to do work on other physical systems.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to human anatomy: Human anatomy – scientific study of the morphology of the adult human.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to machines: Machine – mechanical system that provides the useful application of power to achieve movement.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Milan: Milan – capital of Lombardy and the second most populous city in Italy after Rome.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to painting: Painting – artwork in which paint or other medium has been applied to a surface, and in which area and composition are two primary considerations.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the history of Western civilization, a record of the development of human civilization beginning in Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, and generally spreading westwards.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Renaissance: Renaissance – cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Italy in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe.
An overlapping circles grid is a geometric pattern of repeating, overlapping circles of equal radii in two-dimensional space.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
The Oxia Palus quadrangle is one of a series of 30 quadrangle maps of Mars used by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) Astrogeology Research Program.o;
Panagiotis Doxaras (Παναγιώτης Δοξαράς) (1662–1729) was a Greek painter who founded the Heptanese School of Greek art.
A panel painting is a painting made on a flat panel made of wood, either a single piece, or a number of pieces joined together.
Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli (1397 – 10 May 1482) was an Italian astrologer,, pp.
Paolo Galluzzi (born 1942, Florence, Italy) is an Italian historian of science.
Paolo Uccello (1397 – 10 December 1475), born Paolo di Dono, was an Italian painter and mathematician who was notable for his pioneering work on visual perspective in art.
A paper plane, paper aeroplane (UK), paper airplane (US), paper glider, paper dart or dart is a toy aircraft, usually a glider made out of folded paper or paperboard.
A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag (or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift).
Paragone (paragone, meaning comparison), is a debate from the Italian Renaissance in which one form of art (architecture, sculpture or painting) is championed as superior to all others.
Pareidolia is a psychological phenomenon in which the mind responds to a stimulus, usually an image or a sound, by perceiving a familiar pattern where none exists.
The Parenzana in Italian or Istrijanka in original Slovene, (also in Croatian) is one of the nicknames of a defunct narrow gauge railway (operating between 1902 and 1935) between Trieste and Poreč (at that time Parenzo, hence the name Parenzana), in present-day Italy, Slovenia and Croatia.
Paris in the 18th century was the second-largest city in Europe, after London, with a population of about 600,000 persons.