Visconti Castle (Pavia)
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It was built in 1360 by Galeazzo II Visconti, soon after the taking of the city, a free city-state until then. The credited architect is Bartolino da Novara. The castle used to be the main residence of the Visconti family, while the political capital of the state was Milan. North of the castle a wide park was enclosed, also including the Certosa of Pavia, founded 1396 according to a vow of Gian Galeazzo Visconti, meant to be a sort of private chapel of the Visconti dynasty. The Battle of Pavia (1525), climax of the Italian Wars, took place inside the castle park.
It presently houses the Civic Museums of Pavia (Musei civici di Pavia) including the Pinacoteca Malaspina, Museo Archeologico and Sala Longobarda, Sezioni Medioevale e Rinascimentale Quadreria dell’800 (Collezione Morone), Museo del Risorgimento, Museo Robecchi Bricchetti, and the Cripta di Sant’Eusebio.
The Pinacoteca Malaspina and the collections of paintings until 1800 include the following works:
- Galeazzo I Visconti
- Filippo Maria Visconti
- Manuel II Palaiologos
- Gonzaga, Lombardy
- Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia