History | Victoria 2 Divergences Wiki | Fandom

The history of the DoD world starts to differ in the 15th century, the documented and canon history goes until the year 1836, so at the start of the game there is NO canon future of the world, making everything possibly more engaging and unexpected than playing in a real scenario.

Compressed history[edit | edit source]

15th Century:

1435: The Congress of Arras. A diplomatic congregation established between representatives of England, France, and Burgundy. Deadlock continues over the claim to the French crown and Philip the Good rejects reconciliation with Charles the Dauphin, calling papal legates pushing the agreement “vipers.” Duke Philip d'Bourgogne/the Good instead officially swears fealty to Henry VI and arranged the marriage of his sister, Agnes of Burgundy, to the young monarch. John, Duke of Bedford, dies on 13 September. (PoD)

1437: Henry VI takes full power, with Humphrey Lancaster, Duke of Gloucester and Richard York, Duke of York, who argued for a continuation of the war as his closest advisors.

1438-1439: Albert von Hapsburg, Archduke of Austria, King-elect of Germany & King of Hungary & Croatia crowned King of Bohemia, but dies the following year, leading to civil war won by George von Podiebrad in support of Ladislas Postumus von Hapsburg

1439: Eric von Gryf of Pomerania, King of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, is deposed and replaced by his nephew, Christopher Pfalz-Neumarkt "the Bavarian". The latter is later proclaimed King of Denmark at the Viborg Assembly (Danish landsting) on 9 April 1440, King of Sweden in 1441, and Norway in June 1442.

1440: The official functions of the Dual Monarchy established as Henry VI moves his court to Paris, but promises to return to England to hold parliament every year. This eventually only become every five years as Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, becomes de-facto viceroy until his death in 1447.

1451: The First Navarrese Civil War erupts as John II, seeking to integrate the Navarrese realm into the Crown of Aragon is opposed by his son and heir, Charles, Prince of Viana.

1453: Ladislaus Posthumous von Hapsburg, Archduke of Austria & King of Hungary & Croatia is eklected King of Bohemia, but dies 4 years later.

The Byzantine Empire comes to an end with the fall of Constantinople

Edward Lancaster (Édouard), Prince of Wales and Dauphin of Viennois (later to be known as the Red Prince), is born in Paris, the first Plantagenet to be so. Richard, Duke of York, leads a raiding army into southern France, making it to Arles before turning back to his temporary base at Dijon.

1454: Charles d'Bourgogne, son of Philip the Good of Burgundy, weds Margret of York, daughter of the Duke of York, the most powerful man in the Plantagenet realms.

1455: Charles of Viana, styled Charles IV of Navarre, flees to France and later Naples. John II declares victory, despite still fighting a Civil War within his own domains in Aragon.

1457: George von Podebrady elected King of Bohemia, he would negotiate with Pope Callixtus III and reach an agreement that allowed Bohemia to return to the Catholic Church.

1457: John Charles d'Bourgogne, is born to Charles the Bold and Margaret at Brussels.

1458: George of Podebrady elected King of Bohemia. He manages to reach agreement with Pope Pius II; in exchange for minimal reforms in the church in Bohemia and non-intervention by the HRE in Bohemia's internal affairs, papal authority is upheld in Bohemia and Hussite ideas muted.

1460: The Despotate of the Morea is annexed into the Ottoman Empire

1461: The Empire of Trebizond is annexed into the Ottoman Empire with the fall of Trebizond

1464: Castillian War of Succession: King Henry IV de Trastámara of Castile is deposed in favor of his half-brother, Alfonso.

1465: Charles the Bold becomes Duke of Burgundy and begins his reign with a two year, merciless campaign in central France.

1468: With the death of Alfonso, Isabella, the half-sister of Henry IV, becomes the new candidate of the rebels nobility. Rather than continuing the civil war, Isabella preferred to negotiate with Henry IV. After several meetings in Castronuevo a preliminary agreement is reached that would put an end to the civil war. This is formalized in the Treaty of the Bulls of Guisando on September 18. With the treaty the allegiance of the whole Kingdom of Castile is to return to the King and Isabella becomes his heiress, receive the title of Princess of Asturias as well as a large endowment. Isabella is to marry only with the consent of the King. Finally, Juana, the King's daughter, is removed from the line of succession to the throne through the annulment of Henry's marriage to his wife.

1469: Margarete of Denmark (b. 1456), daughter of Christopher the Bavarian and Dorothea of Hohenzollern, marries King James III Stuart of Scotland in July at Holyrood. She was engaged to James of Scotland in 1460. The marriage was arranged by recommendation of Henry VI to end the feud (1426-60) between Denmark and Scotland about the taxation of the Hebrides islands. Her father agreed on a remarkable dowry to her. He however was strapped for cash, so the islands of Orkney and Shetland, Norwegian crown possessions, were pledged as security until the dowry was to be paid.

1470: Isabella is married to John de Aviz, Prince of Portugal, bringing about the eventual union of the two kingdoms within a generation.

1471: Ladislas II Jagellon is elected King of Bohemia.

1471: The French War of Succession: The Battle of Vichy, the largest French army assembled since the 1450s is crushed by Edward, the Red Prince, during an attempt to reconquer Gascony. Soon after, Henry VI dies in his sleep and Edward rushes from the campaign to be crowned in Paris (as Édouard I of France) and the following year in London (as Edward IV). He also this year forms an alliance (focused on dividing the remnant of the French realm) with John II de Trastámara ‘the Great’ of Aragon, sealing with by marrying his youngest daughter Joanna (b. 1454).

1471-1478: Charles the Bold begins war which will last for most of the decade to destroy Lorraine and oust Swiss influence in southern Alsace. It culminates in the defeat of René II de Lorraine and his allies at Nancy (October 21, 1477).

1472: Matthias Corvinus van Hunyadi ‘the Just,’ King of Hungary, elected King of Bohemia, leading to the Bohemian War.

1475: The Ottoman Empire annexed the Principality of Theodoro.

1478: Bohemian War ends with Hungary annexing Moravia, Silesia and Lusatia from Bohemia.

1479: The Despotate of Epirus is Annexed into the Ottoman Empire

1480-1484: The War on the Rhine: Duke Charles of Burgundy faces Emperor Frederick III von Hapsburg over the possession of Alsace. The better-equipped, better-organized Burgundian army takes Mulhausen and decisively defeat the Imperial army at Colmar (1481). With the neutrality of the emerging Dual Monarchy assured, Burgundy moves to annex various HRE principalities along the Rhine (Cologne, the Palatinate, Lower Alsace). Mainz hastily makes itself an ally of Burgundy. At the request of the defeated Frederick III and other German princes of the HRE, the famed King of Bohemia enters the war. At the head of a coalition of his armies, the remains of the Imperial armies defeated at Colmar and Swiss forces, he invades Burgundy's newly-acquired Alsatian possessions. After a drawn-out campaign with significant losses on both sides, Matthias Corvinus and Charles the Bold meet near Mainz when the Burgundian forces attempt to reach Frankfurt. At the Battle of Nieder-Olm (1483), Matthias Corvinus wins a pyrrhic victory over the Burgundian army, at the cost of heavy losses. Both sides, exhausted and unable to decisively win the war, seek to end it.

1483-1492: Second Navarrese Civil War: Supporters of the legitimate Queen of Navarre, Catherine de Foix, faces off against those of her uncle, Jean de Foix. The support of Jean of Albret, who would go on to become Catherine's husband would be instrumental in securing Catherine's position.

1484: The Treaty of Frankfurt: While covertly gathering funds to raise new forces in the following year, Charles arrives at Frankfurt to negotiate with the Emperor and the King of Bohemia. Knowing that Charles would be willing to fight to the bitter made the allies soon cave to his conditions:

*Burgundy keeps the land it won during the war, though with nominal compensation to previous holders, including the Habsburgs.

*In exchange, Burgundy renounces war against fellow HRE states and re-affirms the status as part of the HRE of their possessions outside the old French borders.

*Burgundy is raised to Kingdom status, with Charles crowned by the Emperor at Aachen. The treaty grants Burgundy most of what Charles wanted, and his coronation as King by Frederick III (which the latter had denied for years) is a big loss of face for the Emperor. The German states, unhappy at the treaty, widely blame him for the loss faced by the German princes.

1485: Charles the Bold dies campaigning in France. His son, John III of Lotharingia, will be the first of the dynasty to rule entirely a monarch.

1486: The Imperial Election for King of the Romans. Maximilian I von Hapsburg versus Ladislaus II Jagiellon. Ladislaus elected with the exception of Saxon and Brandenburgian electors, with the condition that he would give up any claim to the Polish throne and not attempt to further consolidate the powers of his realms (he was already confirmed as heir to Corvinus in both Croatia and Hungary).

Spanish-Moroccan Wars: Spain conquers the Moroccan city of Arzila.

The Spanish Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition is established by the Catholic Monarchs Isabella I of Castile and John II of Portugal.

1487: Bartolomeu Dias rounds the Cape of Good Hope on the southern tip of Africa, proving false the view that had existed since Ptolemy that the Indian Ocean was land-locked. Simultaneously Pêro da Covilhã, traveling secretly overland, reaches Ethiopia.

1489-1490: M. Christophe Columbus of Bayonne gains a commission from Edward IV Lancaster to find a western path to Asia in order to under cut the Spanish (Porto-Castilian) monopoly on exploration and commerce. On October 12 of that year, he landed at what is today Bourg-du-Roi, Carolina. Exploring the coast further south down to the Florida Keys, he believed he had landed in Japan, not realizing he was the first modern European to land on the North American continent. He builds a fort at St. Francis (modern Arnaudville), gathers up whatever precious items and ‘Indians’ he can gather and returns to France.

1490: Frederick III abdicates the Imperial crown in ill health and the King of Bohemia and Hungary succeeds him as Emperor Ladislaus I.

1490-1492: Anglo-Franco-Breton War: Anne de Dreux-Montfort of Brittany marries John III of Burgundy, mostly out of the growing power and stability of the Plantagenet Dual Monarchy. In response, Édouard IV (and later, Louis XI) wage war, conquering and incorporating the Duchy of Brittany into the royal domain.

1493: Christophe Columbus's discovery for the Dual Monarchy of the New World, which he believed to be Asia, lead to disputes between the Anglo-French and Spanish. These are eventually settled by the Treaty of Pamplona which divides the world outside of Europe in an exclusive duopoly between the Anglo-French and the Spanish, along a north-south meridian 370 leagues, or 970 miles (1,560 km), west of the Cape Verde islands. In practice, however, the next thirty years would see Spanish explorers, conquistadors, and settlers violate the Treaty, further complicated by the entry of Burgundian freebooters and explorers into the mix.

1495: John II, King of Portugal and Co-Monarch of Castile, dies. Isabella abdicates and their son, Afonso (or Alfonso) VI becomes sole ruler of Portugal, Castile, and the growing oversea dominions.

1495-1498: Vasco da Gama’s expedition reaches India.

1495-1498: Columbus’ second voyage; the discovery of Cuba, Galatia (otl Hispaniola), the Windward islands, and the Amazonian coast. Three major settlements founded in “Japan” and two more in Galatia.

1497: Spanish-Moroccan Wars: Spain conquers the important Moroccan trading port of Melilla.

1498: The Valois French realm has shrunk to just including a little beyond Provence, Languedoc, and Auvergne. Charles VIII de Valois agree with papal aid to make peace with Louis XI (r. since 1491).

*The Plantagenet dynasty are recognized as the Kings of France by both their original claims (from Edward III) and the terms of the Treaty of Troyes.

*The Valois are allowed the title “Kings in France”.

*Louis XI promises to maintain peace with Charles VIII and his heirs, ceasing to do anything that would undermine the realm of latter or those of his vassals.

1499-1504: Amerigo Vespucci explores the coast of Mexico and Central America searching for a passage. After establishing a base on Kuba (or Cuba as the Spanish spell it ), he sails south along the South American coast as far as the Silver River (later part of Neo Anglia/Beornia), only then returning to Lisbon.

1500: John (Hans), King of the North (the new title created in 1497 for the Kings under the Kalmar union), dies in Dithmarschen along with his son and heir-presumptive Christian. His nephew, James IV Stuart of Scotland, was soon invited to take the crown, thus adding Scotland to the personal union.

1500-1512: Aragon under Ferdinand II conquers the major cities of the Algerian coast and fights the Turks for naval supremacy around Sicily and in the Aegean. Barcelona soon rivals Venice and Istanbul for dominance of Mediterranean commerce and wealth.

16th Century:

~1510-1530: The Diseases from the conquest of Mexico spread south, killing Huayna Capac. But his heir, Ninan Cuyochi, survives and inherits the entire empire. Atahualpa, who is the general in charge of the northern armies, and the Incan city of Quito encounters the early Spanish explorers. The Incans have access to simple Iron weapons and Horses, but they didnt learn of Guns, Steel or War Dogs, so the Spaniards still have a military advantage. Atahualpa realizes this, and sides with the Spaniards, hoping to have himself crowned Emperor.

1512-1516: Both Aragon and the Dual Monarchy would fight a conflict over who would control Navarre. The conflict saw the Anglo-French annexation of Foix & Bearn, while Navarre fell into the Aragonese Sphere of Influence.

1513: Spanish-Moroccan Wars: Spain conquers the Moroccan city of Azamor, the last major conquest of Morocco before the fall of the Wattasid Dynasty.

1515: The Field of Golden Cloth. The Jagiellon brothers (Ladislaus the Emperor and Sigismund of Poland) meet with Louis XI in Balinghem, between Guînes and Ardres, in France, near Calais. A treaty of alliance is made (focused against Scotland-Kalmar mainly) and sealed with the double wedding of Louis Jagiellon to Mary, first daughter of Louis XI, and Anne Jagiellonica of Bohemia and Hungary, daughter of Ladislaus, to Arthur Philip Augustus, Prince of Wales and Dauphine of France. Louis XI passed away at Paris shortly only a month after.

1516: Emperor Ladislaus I passes in while visiting Hungary and is quickly succeeded by his young son as Emperor Louis V (II in Hungary and Bohemia) both in the Empire and his respective realms.

1517: Hernan Cortez receives a commission from Alfonso VI to take an army of 800 men and 10 ships to ‘explore and serve as an envoy’ to the mysterious Empire of the Aztecs.

1518: Huldrych Zwingli first proclaims his reformed doctrines in Zurich.

1520-1525: Spanish Conquest of Mexico: Spanish conquistadors arriving from Cuba invade the Aztec Empire, and with the help of the Tarascans, overturn and destroy the Triple Alliance, as well as their capital of Tenochtitlan in 1522. This would be followed by the subjugation of the other Mexican Tribal States.

1521-1524: Second Navarrese War: An attempt by Aragon and Navarre to regain their territories in Lower Navarre ends in failure, confirmed via the Treaty of Madrid, which ends official Aragonese support to regain lost territory.

1522: Zwingli at the Diet of Worms. Zwingli debates against Church jurist Martin Luther before the Emperor and the audience believes he has won. Louis Jagiellon is convinced by the papal legate to jail Zwingli, but men sent by Francis I, King-in-France and Count of Provence help the preacher to escape. This leads to war between Provence & the Dual Monarchy

Ottoman-Jagiellon Wars: Suleiman I, Sultanate of the Ottoman Empire launches an invasion of Jagiellon Hungary and Croatia.

1525: The Provencal War ends with The Dual Monarchy annexing Augverne from Provence, but continue to harbor Zwingli.

1526: Ottoman-Jagiellon Wars: The Battle of Mohacs is fought, and ends in a decisive Ottoman victory. Louis I escapes death, but Croatia and Hungary is lost. A holy league consisting of Hungary, Austria, Poland-Lithuania and the remnants of Hungary is formed to counter further Ottoman expansion.

1527: Zwingli is tried and executed as a heretic in Avignon. As news spreads north catholic clergy all along the Rhine are attacked in retribution as churches and monasteries are seized or destroyed by Reformists. In Flanders, Zeeland, Hainault Holland and elsewhere the clergy is already Reformist and escapes attack. King Jean, increasingly swayed by Reformist elements institutes a clamp down but establishes royal control of seized Church properties under the pretext of protecting them. In Savoie catholic populations are effectively exterminated in the cities by Provencal immigrants who begin to turn even on more moderate Reformists. The militant elements are co-opted with an offer to settle in what will become Valoisie.

The Colony of Fort Lothere is founded in Ameriga.

The Spanish Conquistadors are defeated by the Dong Guo Colonies in the Battle of Yongle.

1528: The Colony of Nouvelle Amsterdam is founded in Ameriga.

The Saadi Dynasty vanquishes the last Wattasid Sultan of Morocco. The following years would mark great victories against the Spanish, nearly removing them entirely from Morocco proper.

1529: The Colony of Philippa is founded in Acadia.

1529-1530: Ottoman-Jagiellon Wars: The Siege of Brno is fought, and would prove to be the limit of expansion for the Ottomans, ending in defeat. A treaty is signed in Vienna, confirming the partition of Hungary between Jagiellon-controlled Royal Hungary (OTL Slovakia), and the Ottoman controlled Hungarian territories, collectively under the Budin Eyalet.

1530: Philippe IV openly delcares for the Reformists and dissolves the various monstaries and bishoprics within Burgundy, devolving church power to local parishes and siezing church property for the crown. With Flanders, Holland, Sovoie,Alsace, Burgundy, and Hainault all firmly Reformist, Philippe finds resistance localized only in Gelders, a scattering of cities in the northern Rhine and further south in Trier, and with moderate Protestant elements in Friesland. Philippe even moves the capital to Anvers in the more economically prosperous but also strongly Reformist region of Flanders. Uneasy peace is kept with the Empire, even as Burgundy agrees to protect the Duke of Wurttemberg and other converts within the Empire.

~1530-1539: Atahualpa's armies, along with The Spanish openly rebel, using Equador as a base of operations, they score some early victories against Ninan Cuyochi. Ninan Cuyochi, desperate for allies, makes contact with the various Chinese city-states of Dong Guo, asking for assistance. They agree to make raids on the northern Spanish settlements, and to provide some guns to the Incans. Simultaneously Burgundian explorers moving up the Amazon make contact with The Incan Empire, and Ninan Cuyochi desperately asks them for help. The explorers eventually send word of this to the King of the Dual Monarchy. He agrees to provide them with support, in exchange for a yearly tribute of silver. While this was happening, the Spaniards and Atahualpa managed to take Cuzco, but Burgundian public declaration of support for the Incans, and a rebellion in Mexico, partly caused by Dongese raids, caused the Spaniards to turn back. When Atahualpa protested against this, the Spaniards had him killed, leaving them in full control of the northern Andes.

1532: Pope Clement VII calls for a crusade against the King-in-France. The Valois openly embrace the reformation and kill all the clergy in Avignon but is later crushed by Plantagenian & Imperial Armies. Francis I Valois is deposed and Philip VII is made Count of Provence and King in France to prevent Anglo-French conquest of Provence.

1535: The colony of Nouvelle Bruges is founded in Arcadia.

The Viceroyalty of New Spain is founded in Arcadia, and would include the territories of OTL Mexico, Mesoamerica and Cuba ruled from Mexico City, formerly Tenochtitlan.

1537: The English Parliament is formally dissolved by Henry VII, and all its asseys absorbed into the Estates General.

1538: The Ottoman Empire conquers the Hedjaz, Nejd, Al Haasa & Yemen. Nejd & Al Haasa were given to the pro-Ottoman House of Rasheed, the Emirs of Ha'il.

1542: The Viceroyalty of New Granada is formed in Ameriga, representing the territories of the Granada region, ruled from its viceroyal seat of Cartagena.

1547: Ottokar III Jagellon becomes King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor. His marriage to Elizabeth von Hohenzollern leads to the personal union between the Kingdom of Bohemia & the Margraviate of Brandenburg. The colony of Port Valois is founded in Acadia.

1550: Ottokar III Jagiellon begins the counter-reformation in Germany, targeting Protestant princes in the Northern and western parts of the Holy Roman Empire.

1566: Alfonso XIII expands the capabilities of the Spanish Inquisition. They would go on to play a major role in the plans of Hispanifing northern and eventually, all of Morocco.

1567: Duke Victor Amadeus of Savoy expels the large Reformist population of the Duchy, sparking a series of proxy wars between Burgundy and the Dual Monarchy as they back rival claimants in Savoy, Provence and Lombardy. Hostilities never break out between the two openly. Catholic Anglo-French backed claimants succeed in all three wars drawing on support from majority Catholic populations and a successful inquisition that has operated over the last four decades. In the new world however, Burgundian colonists successfully strike southward annexing Catholic colonies to the Valoisie.

1573: The Irish Wars begin due to the independent policies of the Irish Earls against the Dual Monarchy.

1584: The Treaty of Saint Denis: The Dual monarchy recognizes Burgundian holdings in the new world and the Reformist status of the neighboring Kingdom. In exchange Burgundy agrees not to support any future Reformist uprisings in Northern Italy and Provence.

1587: Spanish-Moroccan Wars: Alfonso XIII launches an invasion of Morocco, conquering the Rif by the end of the year and threatening to conquer Fes.

1589: Spanish-Moroccan Wars: The Battle of Xauen: Alfonso XIII, and Moroccan sultan Muhammad II die in a battle hailed as a Moroccan victory, albeit a Pyrrhic one. Fernando VI and Ahmad al-Mansur would be crowned monarchs by their respective Kingdoms.

1598: Anglo-French Wars of Religion: The Dual Monarchy faces off against significant threats to its government, mainly in the form of French Protestants (with limited support from the Valois of Provence) and the English Anglicans (with support from Scandinavia).

~1600: Arauco War: The Mapuche of the Chiefdom of Purumauca fights English conquistadors in various limited engagements after a major victory in the Battle of the Graham's River.

17th Century:

1605: An angry crowd, spurred by religious strife, executed the Bohemian-appointed governor of Berlin and declared Bandenberg Independent from Bohemia, thus starting the Imperial Religious War, provoking the Protestant lands of Northern Germany, Scandinavia and Burgundy against an alliance of Bohemia, Austria, Bavaria and Poland.

1607: The Last of the Irish Wars, the Nine Years' War, concludes with Ireland incorporated into the royal domain.

1614: Anglo-French Wars of Religion: Francis I issues the Edict of Nantes, in which he claims the title of Rex Christianissimus & condemns Anglicanism and Hugenism. A mass exodus would follow in the following years, with Hugenots fleeing to Burgundy and Provence, and Anglicans fleeing to Scandinavia and what would become Beornia.

1615: Imperial War of Religion: The Battle of Neubrandenberg ends with a near annihilation of the Bohemian Army and the Scandinavian conquest of Pommerania.

1616: Imperial War of Religion: The Dual-Monarchy allys itself with the Catholic League. Burgundy declares peace.

1619: Imperial War of Religion: Franco-English-Bohemian Force defeats the Scandinavian Army at Melnik

1621: Imperial War of Religion ends. Bohemia Annexes Saxony, while Scandinavia annexes Pomerannia and disbands the Hansa. The HRE employs freedom of worship.

1635: The Father Pilgrims of the Anglicans flee Anglo-French England for Ameriga, where they establish the city of Camelot. Arthur I Sussex becomes King of New England.

1669: The Neuwelt Hansa is formed in the Burgundian colony of New Burgundy from the shattered remains of the Hanseatic League following the Imperial Wars of Religion.

1696-1700: Spanish-Moroccan Wars: Taking advantage of a Civil War and Algerian invasion, Spain invades once more, conquering the territory of the Moroccan Kingdom of Fes.

1696-1717: The Kandy Wars take place, where the Dual Monarchy, in a series of three wars, establish the Crown Colony of Ceylon.

18th Century:

~1720-1723: Hungary granted limited independence as a vassal state

~1750: Zhourao (Eastern Australia) sucessfully made a state.

~1750: The city-states of Dong Guo unite into a semi-democratic federation.

1765: Édouard VI Plantagenet of the Dual Monarchy dies, leaving the succession disputed between his twin sons, the liberal Charles and the conservative, deeply religious Henri. Charles is forced to flee Paris, and runs off to the New World.

1767: Having gathered a sizable army of supporters, Charles seizes Nouvelle Orleans and stakes his claim to the throne of the Dual Monarchy, beginning the War of the Anglo-French succession.

1770: With Scandinavian support and total control over the Dual Monarchy's North American possessions, Charles invades France. However, he is decisively beaten in battle at Rennes.

1771: The Treaty of Brest is signed: Charles relinquishes his claims on the throne of the Dual Monarchy, but is confirmed as ruler of the new, independent Kingdom of Plantagenia in North America. He is subsequently crowned as Charles I Plantagenet of Plantagenia in Nouvelle Orleans.

1790: Revolt breaks out in Germany against the dominance of the 'Catholic Block' of the Bohemian Jagiellon Emperors, the Habsburgs and the Wittlesbachs, as well as the feudal institutions of the HRE. Emperor-King Wenceslas VIII begins the process of centralizing the HRE.

1792: Having seized control of much of central and northern Germany, the Revolutionaries begin a systematic decimation of the aristocracy through the use of the Guillotine.

1795-1800: Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud begins his conquest of Arabia, conquering Nejd and Ha'il and proclaiming his new Arabian sultanate. He would begin to launch attacks on the Hedjaz, but is stopped by the Ottomans, who stop them, and confine them to their territories.

1795: The German Revolutionaries are permanently defeated by the Imperial Army at the Battle of Leipzig. To the horror of Burgundy and Scandinavia, the Bohemian Emperors begin to institute sweeping reforms aimed at centralizing the Empire. Scandinavian troops invade Brandenburg, beginning the Great German War.

1800: In order to finance the war in Germany, Burgundy and Scandinavia institute new taxes in their American colonies. Resistance grows quickly.

19th Century:

1802: Spanish-Moroccan Wars: Spain invades Morocco once more on the pretext of foreign intervention during a Civil War.

1802- 1805: Neo-Burgundian Wars of Independence: A revolt breaks out in the colony of New Burgundy. The small Royalist garrisons are quickly overrun and the Seven Republics is established. With its army tied down in Europe, Burgundy can do little to quell the uprising. Lotharingia in South America follows shortly afterwards.

1804: Spanish-Moroccan Wars: Marrakech, Capital of the Sultanate of Morocco and of the titular Kingdom of Marrakech falls to the Spanish. The Sultan flees to the port city of Agadir.

1808: Vinland revolts against Scandinavia who, like Burgundy, are powerless to stop the revolt.

Spanish-Moroccan War: After a lengthy siege, Agadir is conquered by the Spaniards, and the last Saadi Sultan, Abd al-Malik III, is captured. He would go into self-exile in Paris with his harem, where he would die in 1836.

1810: In an attempt to revitalize its failing empire, Spain tightens the central administration of its colonies. However, this provokes unrest.

1815: Gran Colombian War of Independence: A revolt breaks out in Mexico and the First Mexican Republic is proclaimed. However, Spain quickly defeats the revolutionaries.

1817: Hungarian Revolution begins, but is nearly crushed by the Ottoman Empire.

Lotharingian Loyalist Party flees to Beornia

1818: Burgundy and Bohemia begin sending soldiers to support the Hungarians. Gran Colombian War of Independence: A more widespread revolt breaks out throughout the Spanish colonies in 'Gran Columbia'. The Second Mexican Republic and Republic of Santandera are created.

1819: Gran Colombian War of Independence: The various revolutionary groups in Spanish America join together in a loose confederacy called the 'Columbian Alliance'.

1819-1821: War of the Double Alliance: Vinland and Plantagenia, fearing Septiman threats of destroying their new independent states, declares war on the Seven Republics. What results is a decisive victory over both nations, expanding their territories North and South.

1820: Hungary achieves independence from the Ottoman Empire

Loyalist Armies retake Lotharingia from the Monarchists in a 3-month long Civil War.

The Great German War draws to a close as Austria and Bavaria agree to a peace deal in exchange for being recognized as independent Kingdoms. Despite winning a decisive victory against the Scandinavians at Magdeburg, Vaclav VIII of Bohemia is forced to realise that he cannot realise his ambitions of continental hegemony alone, and sues for peace. The HRE is severely reduced in size, but Vaclav will not give his goal of becoming the undisputed King of the Germans, and Central Europe is left in an uneasy status quo.

1821: Wenceslas VIII of Bohemia dies in suspicious circumstances. Assassination on the orders of the King of Burgundy is suspected, but not proven. His 5-year-old son Zsigmond V inherits the crown.

1822: Gran Colombian War of Independence: The armies of the Columbian Alliance are decisively defeated in San Salvador, and an uneasy peace is reached with only Mexico-Lusitania remaining independent.

1824: The Conference of Naples sees Martin Ferdinand Alfonso de Trastámara, Prince of Aragon claim the throne as Alexander I, in exchange for Aragonese support in its future endeavors of independence.

1824-1827: Greek War/Glorious Revolution: Greeks under General Zimisces revolt against the Ottoman Empire but is initially defeated, however support from Aragon, the Knights and Venice helped the Greeks defeat the Ottoman Empire. Venice annexed various Greek Islands and Greece proper is placed under the protection of Venice.

1825: Influenced by ideals spreading from Spanish America, a revolt breaks out in Amazonie. The Dual Monarchy, increasingly disinterested in the New World and not desiring to be bogged down in a lengthy colonial war, agrees to the creation of the Amazonian Republic.

1826: Gran Colombian War of Independence: A fresh wave of revolts break out in Spanish America, lead by Simon Bolivar. Mexican troops invade Guatemala and the Columbian Alliance is reborn. The Republics of Santandera, Quito and Arequipa are created, joining the Alliance.

1828: Gran Colombian War of Independence: The Alliance conquers Central America and the new Republics of Mayapan, San Salvador, Matacalpa and Panama are added. The desperate Spanish strike a deal with the Sapa Inca Huayna Capac IV, promising him Arequipa and Quito if he helps to force the revolutionaries to submit.

1829: Gran Colombian War of Independence: The Incans invade Peru, capturing Cusco and advancing up the Andes towards towards Quito. The War of the Double Alliance: a war breaks out between the recently independent nations in Arcadia, with Vinland and Plantagenia forming the "Double alliance" in October 1829, and then attacking the newly named Belgian Confederacy, in order to take its valuable and industrious lands, and possibly partition the nation entirely.

1830: Gran Colombian War of Independence: Alliance forces under Simon Bolivar defeat the Incans at Lima- but Bolivar is killed. The Alliance becomes dominated by Mexico. The War of the Double Alliance: Vinland and Plantagenia launch a joint invasion from north and south, lead by general Géraud de Faucigny, the invasion was successful at first, with the Vinlandic forces under general Lars Dubenson, where their forces marched across the province of Carolina quickly and they occupied the town of Nijverdal fell quickly, but the siege of Blegny took over three months due to the general Louise Geloes-Randwijck's successful defense of the city. Blegny fell fast after general Louise retreated to Waldwisse. On the other end of the Double Alliance the Plantagenians were a lot slower in there advance, mainly occupying the large town of Bruxelles-Atlantique, which was sieged and took two months to fall. It all came together at the the town of Waldwisse where many Belgian generals strategically retreated to so that they could group there armies together. With the Plantagenians attacking before the Vinlandic forces were there, and when they arrived their forces were tired and de-moralized leading to them losing the battle. After a disastrous defeat against the Belgian Confederacy forces by the joint Vinlandic-Plantagenian forces at the Battle of Waldwisse, the Vinlandic and Plantagenian forces scattered back to their initial borders, and the Belgians went on the offensive. The Battle of Waldwisse gained General Louise Geloes-Randwijck fame amongst the Belgian Confederacy Army, and he was soon promoted to Marshal of all of the Belgian Confederacy forces.

1832: Gran Colombian War of Independence: Huayna Capac IV sues for peace with the Columbian Alliance. The Alliance begins a full-scale invasion of Castilla. The War of the Double Alliance: Belgian forces freed the large town of Bruxelles-Atlantique and moved towards the town of Villefrance, and Belgian forces attacked Plantagenian forces for the first time since the Battle of Waldwisse. Their forces met right outside Villefrance, with marshal Louise Geloes-Randwijck and general Géraud de Faucigny facing off and in the end of the battle both sides took many casualties and there was no real winner. Both the Belgian Confederacy forces and Plantagenian forces retreated the next day after the battle. On the Vinlandic front the Belgians were defeated by a successful Vinlandic defense at the battle of Jämensberg.

1831: the War of the Double Alliance: After the Chancellor of the Belgian Confederacy died of old age, The Electoral Assembly elects marshal Louise Geloes-Randwijck as Chancellor of the Belgian Confederacy. With the Population exhausted of the war, diplomats from the Belgian Confederacy, the Republic of Vinland, and the Kingdom of Plantagenia met in the town of Løfby to discuss the terms of peace. After successful peace negotiations in Løfby the three parties made an agreement, Plantagenia would cede the state of Basse Valoisie to the Belgian Confederacy. The Plantagenians and Belgians also heavily pressured the Vinlandic representative during in-betweens of the peace negotiations to cede the state of Phillipa and many provinces in Carolina to the Belgians. Vinland didn't expect to surrender anything during the peace negotiations at all, which made the Vinlandic people, soldiers, and officials angry. This was known as the Baudissin incident after the Diplomat Alfred Baudissin, who was the representative they sent to the peace talks, and the one who signed the Treaty of Løfby, the treaty that ended the War of the double Alliance. After this the "Double Alliance" between Vinland and Plantagenia quickly broke down as Vinland Accused Plantagenia for throwing them under the bus during the peace negotiations, and after both of them failed to re-new the treaty later in October of 1831, the Alliance was officially dissolved.

1833: Mehmet revolts from the Ottoman Empire, Proclaims himself Sultan and founds the House of Alawiyya as Muhammad I. Ottoman & Hafsid Empires declare war on Egypt.

1834: Gran Colombian War of Independence: Castilla and Essequibo are established as independent republics within the Columbian Alliance, pushing Spain from the mainland. The Alliance begins the construction of a fleet, intending to sweep the Europeans from the Americas altogether.

1835: Gran Colombian War of Independence: The new Columbian Alliance fleet is smashed offshore near Havana, leading to a renewed Spanish invasion of the colonial mainland. Mexico, the dominant power within the Alliance, seizes control and establishes the state of Gran Columbia, removing the legal independence of the constituent Republics. Macedonian revolt: Macedonia begins its war for Independence against the Ottoman Empire, with tacit support from Aragon and Venice through the latter's holdings in Greece.

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