Hedwig Jagiellon, Electress of Brandenburg
|Spouse||Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg|
|Elisabeth Magdalena, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg|
Sigismund, Bishop of Magdeburg
Hedwig, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Sophia, Countess of Rosenberg
|House||House of Hohenzollern|
|Father||Sigismund I the Old|
|Born||15 March 1513|
|Died||7 February 1573|
Hedwig Jagiellon (Lithuanian: Jadvyga Jogailaitė, Polish: Jadwiga Jagiellonka, German: Hedwig Jagiellonica; 15 March 1513– 7 February 1573) was a member of the Jagiellon dynasty and a German electress.
Early life and proposals
Hedwig was born on 15 March 1513. She was the eldest daughter of King Sigismund I the Old of Poland and his first wife, Hungarian noblewoman Barbara Zápolya. Her only full sibling, Anna, died aged 5. Her father remarried and had six children with his second wife.
Her hand was first sought by King Gustav I of Sweden, who was determined to make her his second queen. In 1526, Johannes Magnus was sent to Poland by the King of Sweden to negotiate the marriage. Despite the suitor's decision to moderate the religious reforms in his kingdom, Hedwig's father declined Gustav's offer after hearing about Gustav's ill relationship with the Roman Catholic Church, and the opportunity to become Queen of Sweden perished (only to be later presented to Jadwiga's half-sister Catherine).
On 29 August or 1 September 1535 Hedwig married Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg. The wedding was held in Kraków. As the Jagiellon dynasty was Catholic, Joachim II promised Sigismund he would not make Hedwig change her religion and gave her as a dower county of Ruppin as well as the cities Alt Ruppin and Neuruppin. The marriage contract, signed on 21 March 1535, stipulated that Hedwig would be allowed to bring a Polish priest with her and always be free in the exercise of the Catholic prayers.
The marriage did not satisfy her mother-in-law, Elizabeth of Denmark, for Catholic services were held for Hedwig in her private chapel. The Dowager Electress was also unhappy because Hedwig could not speak German.
After breaking her thigh and hurting her back in the collapse of a floor at a hunting lodge, Hedwig spent the last 22 years of her life crippled. The accident signified the collapse of her marriage, which was already damaged by differences in religion and language barrier. Hedwig was replaced by her husband's mistress, Anna Sydow, whom Joachim treated as his wife and who was recognized publicly.
Hedwig died in Neuruppin on 7 February 1573, two years after her husband.
Hedwig and Joachim had six children:
- Elisabeth Magdalena (September 6, 1537 – August 22, 1595), wife of Francis Otto, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg,
- Sigismund (December 2, 1538 – September 14, 1566), bishop of Magdeburg and Halberstadt,
- Hedwig (March 2, 1540 – October 21, 1602), wife of Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg,
- Sophia (December 14, 1541 – June 27, 1564), wife of Wiliam of Rosenberg,
- Joachim (1543 – March 23, 1544),
- unknown daughter, born and died 1545.
|Casimir IV Jagiellon|
|Sophia of Halshany|
|Sigismund I the Old|
|Albert II of Germany|
|Elisabeth of Austria|
|Elisabeth of Bohemia|
|Przemyslaus II, Duke of Cieszyn|
|Hedwig of Cieszyn|
|Anna of Warsaw|
- ↑ Magnus, Olaus; P. Fisher & H. Higgens (trans.); P. G. Foote (ed.) (1998). A Description of the Northern Peoples. London: The Hakluyt Society. pp. 660. ISBN 0904180581.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Roberts, Michael (1986). The early Vasas: a history of Sweden 1523-1611. CUP Archive. ISBN 0521311829. http://books.google.com/books?id=x243AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA93&dq=Hedwig+daughter+Sigismund+I&lr=lang_en&as_brr=0#v=onepage&q=Hedwig%20daughter%20Sigismund%20I&f=false. Retrieved 2009-08-31.
- ↑ Smith College. Dept. of History (1916). Smith College studies in history, Volume 2. Smith College. http://books.google.com/books?lr=&id=GC8NAAAAIAAJ&dq=Hedwig+Catholic+Brandenburg&q=%22always+be+free+in+the+exercise+of+the+Catholic+%22. Retrieved 2009-08-31.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Chadwick, Owen (2003). The Early Reformation on the Continent. Oxford University Press. ISBN 019926578X. http://books.google.com/books?id=VR1yNW8mgoEC&pg=PA179&dq=Hedwig+Electress+of+Bradenburg&lr=lang_en&as_brr=0#v=onepage&q=&f=false. Retrieved 2009-08-30.
Elizabeth of Denmark
|Electress consort of Brandenburg|
Sabine of Brandenburg-Ansbach