June | 2009 | Library@Kendriya Vidyalaya Pattom

Library@Kendriya Vidyalaya Pattom

Where Minds meet and Ideas pop up !

Michael Jackson: Biography

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In the year since Michael Jackson made his first national television appearance with his brothers at age 11, he has evolved from a singing and dancing soul music prodigy to the self-proclaimed but widely acknowledged "King of Pop" to one of the most widely ridiculed of all public figures. As a musician, he has ranged from Motown’s snappy dance fare and lush ballads to techno-edged New Jack Swing to work that incorporates both funk rhythms and hard-rock guitar. At his early-1980s zenith, riding the crest of his best-selling album, Thriller, spotlit in his red zippered jacket and single white sequined glove, he was ubiquitous. Jackson has been a superb businessman, exerting unparalleled control over his career and, in effect, managing himself since he and his brothers (sans Jermaine) left Motown for Epic Records in 1975, though his spendthrift ways have, in the 20000s, come back to haunt him. But as a singer, dancer, and songwriter, Jackson’s talent is unassailable.

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With the passage of time, however, and especially since 1993, it is Jackson’s personality that has dominated headlines formerly dedicated to his prodigious artistic accomplishments and humanitarian efforts. His charity work was enormous and focused always on his highly publicized identification with children. Infatuated with E.T. and Peter Pan, Jackson seemed a kind of childlike extraterrestrial: benign (if in an eerie way), either sexless or sexually ambiguous, neither black nor white. Secluded by his celebrity, he appeared to touch down to earth only on stage or on videotape; fanatically private, he generated endless gossip. In 1993, and a decade later in 2004, with Jackson facing allegations of child molestation, his career was rocked with scandal as gargantuan as his fame. Not since Shirley Temple had a child star so entranced the American public, and the massive public soul-searching the allegations against Jackson inspired were but one indication of the almost inestimable role he has played in shaping pop culture. Jackson returned to the tabloids in 1994 with the shocking announcement that he had wed Lisa Marie Presley, an act that led to even more speculation about his motives but which undeniably made him, until his divorce two years later, the son-in-law of the late Elvis Presley.


The Jackson 5’s lead singer and focal point, Michael became more popular than the group as the 1980s began. He had a string of solo hits in the early-1970s ("Got to Be There" [Number Four, 1971]; "Rockin’ Robin" [Number Two, 1972]; "Ben" [Number One, 1972]) and played the Scarecrow in the film version of The Wiz in 1978. But it was with veteran producer Quincy Jones, whom he met while filming The Wiz, that Jackson began his amazing rise. In 1979 the team’s Off the Wall made him the first solo artist to release four Top 10 hits from a single album. "Don’t Stop Till You Get Enough" (Number One, 1979), "Rock with You" (Number One, 1979), "Off the Wall" (Number Ten, 1980), and "She’s Out of My Life" (Number Ten, 1980) presented him as a mature artist whose funk rhythms and pop melodies appealed equally to blacks and whites. In the album’s wake, the Jacksons’ Triumph (1980) sold a million copies and prompted a $5.5 million-grossing tour. Even at this early stage, Jackson and his brothers were exploring video, and the short film that accompanied Triumph‘s title track was an imaginative, technically advanced effort.


In 1982 Jackson and Jones collaborated on a storytelling record of Steven Spielberg’s E.T. The album, which was hastily withdrawn from the market due to a legal dispute, is now a prime Jackson collectible. That year, Diana Ross, one of Jackson’s mentors, scored a Number Ten hit with the Michael-written "Muscles," named after one of his pet snakes. Jackson had also begun an alliance with Paul McCartney, who had written "Girlfriend," from Off the Wall. The two reconvened to co-write the duet "The Girl Is Mine" (Number Two, 1982), the first duet off of Thriller.
It was 1983 that marked Jackson’s complete ascension. With Quincy Jones again producing, Thriller yielded, in addition to "The Girl Is Mine," two other hit singles by early 1983 — "Billie Jean" (Number One, 1983) and "Beat It" (Number One, 1983), the latter featuring a guitar solo by Eddie Van Halen — and went on to become the best-selling album in history, with over 45 million copies sold worldwide. Charting at Number One in every Western country, it spent a record 37 weeks at Number One in the U.S. The first album to ever simultaneously head the singles and albums charts for both R&B and pop, it eventually generated an unprecedented seven Top 10 singles, including "P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)" (Number Ten, One983), "Wanna Be Startin’ Somethin’" (Number Five, 1983), "Human Nature" (Number Seven, 1983), and "Thriller" (Number Four, 1983). Of its record 12 Grammy nominations, it won eight in 1983, a historical sweep.
Thriller also broke through MTV’s de facto color line; where videos by black artists had rarely been shown, Michael’s "Beat It," costing $160,000, received extensive play. The "Thriller" video, with a voiceover by horror movie stalwart Vincent Price and state-of-the-art special effects, was directed by John Landis, establishing Jackson’s practice of working with notable filmmakers. In May, performing solo and with his brothers on NBC’s Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever special, Michael popularized his distinctive "moonwalk" dance step, and in performing "Billie Jean," was the only artist on the program whose repertoire included a non-Motown song. Later in 1983, while another duet with McCartney — "Say Say Say," from Paul’s Pipes of Peace — topped the charts for six weeks, Jackson announced a $5 million sponsorship deal with Pepsi-Cola.


In 1984, while filming a Pepsi commercial, Jackson was seriously injured when a pyrotechnic effect went awry, setting his hair on fire. The singer underwent surery for scalp burns; he later received facial laser surgery. Rumors about other reconstructive work began shortly before the release of Thriller and would build in coming years. Among the procedures he has been rumored to have undergone are facelifts, a purported six nose surgeries, and the lightening of his skin with chemical (it was also alleged that he took female hormones to maintain his falsetto).


After receiving a Presidential Award from Ronald Reagan in June 1984, Jackson joined his brothers on a supporting tour for the Jacksons’ Victory (from which Michael’s duet with Mick Jagger, "State of Shock," reached Number Three). The highly publicized tour, which Jackson undertook reluctantly, was plagued by mismanagement (boxing promoter Don King was in charge, much to Jackson’s displeasure, and his parents were co-producers), internal strife (at one point, several parties had each retained their own lawyers), and bad PR, thanks to a method of selling tickets that underwent heavy criticism: they were available in blocks of four, at $30 apiece, and only purchasable with US Post Office money orders, among other roadblocks. This was changed after public outcry, but the damage was done; a disillusioned Jackson donated his revenues to children’s charities. Nonetheless, the shows were considered spectacular, brimming with high-tech special effects. Jackson ended 1984 by receiving a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.


In 1985 Jackson co-wrote with Lionel Richie "We Are the World," the theme song for USA for Africa. It reached Number One and embellished Michael’s reputation as a humanitarian. Jackson’s relationship with Paul McCartney soured later that year as, bidding against both McCartney and Yoko Ono, he secured the ATV music publishing catalogue for $47.5 million: among ATV’s holdings were more than 250 Lennon/McCartney songs. (Jackson has long been known inside the industry for his almost encyclopedic command of the details of his business dealings.)


Shortly after signing a second contract with Pepsi in 1986 for $15 million, Jackson released Bad, the biggest-shipping album of all time, in 1987; its 17-minute title track video was directed by Martin Scorsese. Bad generated five #1’s in 1987-88: "I Just Can’t Stop Loving You," "Bad," "The Way You Make Me Feel," "Man in the Mirror," and "Dirty Diana." The Bad tour — over a year long — became the biggest-grossing tour in history and one of the most expensive: Jackson’s entourage included 250 people.


With 1988 came Jackson’s long-awaited, heavily illustrated, and brief autobiography, Moonwalk, in which he claimed that his father, Joseph Jackson, had hit him as a child. Generally, however, the book (edited by Jacqueline Onassis) was considered unrevealing. (A second volume of Jackson’s writings, Dancing the Dream, was published in 1992 to less enthusiastic response.)


By the end of the 1980s, Jackson had moved from the Encino, California, family home to Neverland, an estimated $28 million, 2,700-acre California ranch complete with Ferris wheel, an exotic menagerie, a movie theater, and a security staff of 40. There Jackson — famous for clean living (he neither smoked, drank, nor used drugs, and was rarely seen in the company of a woman) — hosted an endless series of parties for children, many of them disabled, critically ill, or underprivileged.


His popularity seemingly unassailable, Jackson signed a $28 million deal with L.A. Gear sportswear to be its spokesperson, but the idea proved a failure and Jackson was dropped after one commercial. At the start of the ’90s, however, Jackson’s popularity was massive enough to land him the biggest contract ever awarded an entertainer. Jackson signed a $65 million deal with Sony Corporation in 1991 that promised him an unprecedented share in the profits from his next six albums, his own label, a role in developing video software products, and a chance to star in movies. Reportedly he would receive more than $120 million per album if each could match the sales of Thriller. Sony reported that it expected revenues of $1 billion from the partnership. Jackson’s celebrity status by this time was unquestioned — he’d hosted Elizabeth Taylor’s eighth wedding at Neverland and had been publicly praised by such Hollywood establishment figures as Fred Astaire, Jane Fonda, and Katharine Hepburn — and he seemed unstoppable.


In 1991, at a recording cost of $10 million, Dangerous was released. Co-produced by New Jack Swing creator Teddy Riley, the album featured material ("Heal the World," "Who Is It") that recalled his work with Quincy Jones, with whom he had parted ways shortly after Bad. Riley, however, toughened and updated Jackson’s sound, stripping off some of the smooth studio gloss of his previous works. With the $1.2 million video for the single "Black or White," Jackson demanded that MTV and BET announce him as "the King of Pop" (a fact he would later deny in a live televised interview with Oprah Winfrey). Hoping to outdistance Bad‘s over $20 billion in sales, he prepared for a spectacular world tour. Also in 1992, he embarked on a five-nation African tour; however, there he was widely criticized for his aloof behavior. That same year, Jackson established, with his personal fortune of $200 million, the Heal the World Foundation to raise awareness of children-related issues, including abuse.


With 1993 came Jackson’s crisis. The year began auspiciously: Jackson appeared at the NAACP Image Awards in January, and at the pre-inaugural gala for President Bill Clinton; he also reached 91 million viewers in his half-time performance at Super Bowl XXVII, the most widely viewed (and, many said, boring) entertainment event in TV history. He announced the start of a $1.25 million program to provide drug prevention and counseling services to L.A. children following that city’s riots. In a February TV interview with a less than incisive Oprah Winfrey, he revealed that he suffered from vitiglio, a disease he maintained discolored his skin, and that he was a victim of abuse at the hands of his father, Joseph. He tried to dispel such long-standing tabloid rumors as the one that he once tried to buy the bones of the Elephand Man or had slept in a hyperbaric chamber. He also said that he was dating movie actress and model Brooke Shields, who had been a companion during the Thriller period. The interview was one of the most-watched television programs in history. In March he formed Michael Jackson Productions Inc., an independent film company that would give a share of its profits to the Heal the World Foundation. In June he debuted his MJJ/Epic record label, releasing the Free Willy soundtrack.
But scandal erupted on August 17 when a Beverly Hills psychiatrist approached the LAPD after a 13-year-old patient claimed that Jackson had fondled him. Later, specific charges brought by the boy’s father claimed that Jackson had sexually abused the boy at his house earlier in the year. After the father obtained a ruling to deny Jackson contact with the son, the police raided Neverland, seizing videotapes and other possible evidence (nothing incriminating turned up). While traveling to Bangkok for the Dangerous tour, Jackson denied the charges, his security consultant maintaining that the boy’s father had attempted to extort $20 million to start a production company (he added that Jackson received at least 25 such extortion threats a year). With Pepsi supporting him and his retinue denying a suicide attempt, Jackson turned 35 at the end of August. Shortly thereafter, Jackson canceled his second Singapore show, claiming migraine headaches.


In September, Jackson’s sister La Toya reported that he used to spend the night with young boys in his room, and two former employees, who maintained that Jackson owed them $500,000 in wages, asserted that they’d witnessed Jackson’s sexual involvement with several young boys. Jackson then pulled out of a deal to contribute the title track to the movie Addams Family Values. After Jackson’s alleged victim filed a civil suit for seduction and sex abuse, the singer canceled the rest of the Dangerous tour, maintaining that the pressure from the charges had left him addicted to painkillers. In November five former Neverland guards sued Jackson for firing them, allegedly because they knew about his relationships with minors. Toward the end of the year, business continued, with Sony announcing that Dangerous sales had topped 20 million and Jackson signing a $70 million, five-year deal with EMI Music to administer his ATV catalogue. But in December, back in the U.S., Jackson in a four-minute cable TV broadcast confronted his accusers and decried the extensive examination of his body that the police had conducted as part of their investigation.


On January 25, 1994, lawyers for Jackson and the alleged victim announced a private settlement for the boy’s case, despite the fact that Jackson resolutely continued to deny wrongdoing. While terms were not disclosed, estimates of Jackson’s payment reached as high as $26 million. One day earlier, following a criminal investigation into Jackson’s claims that the boy’s father was part of an extortion plot against him, the D.A. declined to file charges. The L.A. district attorney also investigated the claims of a second boy that Jackson had shared a bed with him, even while the boy alleged no impropriety on the singer’s part. The district attorney, also finding no evidence of wrongdoing, concluded the investigation. In August, a statement issued by MJJ Productions verified two months of rumors that Jackson had married 26-year-old Lisa Marie Presley, who had been estranged from her husband, with whom she had two children.
Jackson and his bride appeared on television with Diane Sawyer to discuss the marriage; it would be a short-lived one, as the couple divorced in 1996. Jackson later married Debbie Rowe, a nurse he’d met in the
early 1980s when undergoing treatment for vitiglio. A boy, Prince, and a girl, Paris, resulted from the union.


In 1995, ushered in with a $30 million marketing campaign, the largest in history, Jackson’s HIStory, a double-CD split between hits and new material, was released. Featuring "Scream," a duet with his sister Janet, the album dropped out of the Top 10 after only a few weeks. The song "They Don’t Care About Us" included the lyric "Jew me/Sue me," provoking charges of anti-Semitism even from such stalwart Jackson supporters as Steven Spielberg. In 1997 a follow-up, Blood on the Dancefloor: HIStory in the Mix (Number 24), also fared poorly by Jackson’s prior standards.


On September 7th and 10th, 2001, Jackson celebrated 30 years as a solo artist with a pair of shows at Madison Square Garden, featuring Whitney Houston, the Jacksons, Slash, Usher, ‘NSync, and others; Jackson also organized a benefit concert for September 11 victims at Washington, D.C.’s RFK Stadium. That October saw the release of Invincible (Number One), featuring the singles "Butterflies" (Number 14, 2001), "You Rock My World" (Number Ten, 2001), and "Cry." The album sold close to eight million copies worldwide, but its maker once again found himself embroiled in controversy when Jackson decided not to renew his contract with Sony. The corporation’s leader, Tommy Mottola, canceled all promotional efforts for Invincible in 2002. Jackson responded by publicly branding Mottola racist and "a devil." That November, Jackson was photographed holding his baby over the railing of his hotel room balcony in Berlin, with many media and fans wondering about the singer’s ability to care for his own children. Also in 2002, the State of California cut the Heal the World Foundation from its tax-exempt status for not filing annual statements.


November 2003 saw the release of Number Ones, separately sold CD and DVD collections with one new song, "One More Chance" (Number 83, 2003). The day the album came out, with Jackson in Las Vegas shooting the "One More Chance" video, the Santa Barbara Sheriff’s Department produced a warrant and searched Neverland in relation to a new set of child-molestation allegations. The following month, on December 18, Jackson was charged with seven counts of child molestation and two of intoxicating a minor who was 14 at the time. Jackson steadfastly denied the charges. The case went to trial January 31, 2005 and ended that May; Jackson was acquitted on all counts in June 2005, after which the singer moved from Southern California to Bahrain, a Persian Gulf island. In May 2006, the State of California closed Neverland Ranch and fined Jackson $69,000 for not offering his employees insurance.


In February 2008, Jackson released Thriller 25, an expanded version of the best-selling album, including five remixes featuring contemporary musicians (Akon, Fergie, will.i.am, Kanye West) and other bonus material. The reissue sold well, spending seven weeks at Number One on Billboard‘s Pop Catalog Charts (it was disqualified from the pop chart, consisting of previously issued material).

Michael Jackson, one of the most popular artists of all time, died suddenly of cardiac arrest on June 25, 2009 in Los Angeles just before the concert series. He was 50 years old.

Courtesy : http://www.rollingstone.com/

Filed under: Article of the Week,

Reader’s Club Programme 2009-’10

Programme

Proposed Dates

Remarks

01 Club Formation July First week Member registration, committee formation
02 Inauguration of Reader’s Club July First week Beginning of Reader’s Club activities for the session
03 Book Fairs 03 times in a year By external agencies
04 International School Library Day (ISLD) 26 Oct. 2009 Talk by an eminent Librarian and other activities
05 Children’s Day 09-15 Nov.2009 Exhibition of books on or by Jawaharlal Nehru .Competitions
06 National Library Week 14-21 Nov. 2009
  1. Book review
  2. Designing book jackets
  3. Story telling
  4. Book reading
  5. Literary quiz
  6. Designing Bookmarks
07 Competitions Through out the year
  1. Bookmark designing competition
  2. Inter school (Shift I & II) Debate (NEW)
08 Library Visit January 2009 State Central library/Children’s Library
09 Screening of VCDs Once in a month Screening of Educational and issue based VCDs for children
10 Valedictory Function April 2009 Prize distribution

Filed under: Reader's Club, , ,

SCHOOL LIBRARY MEDIA PROGRAMME 2009-‘10

S.No.

Programme

Proposed dates

Remarks

2009
01 International Children’s Book Day 02 April Exhibition, Book reviews, Discussions
02 World Book and Copyright Day 23 April Exhibitions, Literary competitions, Meet the author programmes
03 Inauguration of Reader’s Club July First week Beginning of Reader’s Club activities for the session
04 Reader’s Club activities Whole academic year Seminars, Exhibitions, displays, competitions, Meet the Author, Book discussions, etc
05 Independence Day 10-15 Aug 2009 Exhibition of books on freedom struggle
06 Book Fairs 03 times in a year By external agencies
07 Teacher’s Day 05-11 Sept, 2009 Exhibition of books on or by Dr.S.Radhakrishnan
08 Hindi Fortnight 14 -26 Sept. 2009 Exhibition of important Hindi books in the library & competitions
09 Gandhi Jayanthi 30 Sept-05 Oct.2009 Exhibition of books on or by mahatma Gandhi and Non violence
10 U.N.Day 22-26 Oct.

2009

Exhibition of books on United Nations and other International organisations
11 International School Library Day (ISLD) 26 Oct. 2009 Talk by an eminent Librarian and other activities)         “Smart Web Searcher” competition       (NEW)
12 Children’s Day 09-15 Nov.2009 Exhibition of books on or by Jawaharlal Nehru Competitions
13 National Education Day 10-12 Nov. 2009 Exhibition of books on or by Dr. Abdul kalam Azaad
14 National Library Week 14-21 Nov. 2009 -Exhibition of rare books in the library Competitions

  1. Book review
  2. Designing book jackets
  3. Story telling
  4. Book reading
  5. Literary quiz
  6. Designing Bookmarks
  7. Assembly programmes
  8. Book Fair
  9. Library cultural programmes, etc
  10. “My Dear Book” programmes
15 Indira Gandhi’s Birthday 19-21 Nov. 2009 Exhibition of books on Indira Gandhi and other Indian Prime Ministers
16 Army Flag Day 07-12 Dec. 2009 Exhibition of books on Indian Army and warfare
2010
17 National Youth Day 11-16 Jan 2009 Exhibition of books on youth empowerment (NEW)
18 Republic Day 25-29 Jan. 2010 Exhibition of books on India (Society and constitution).
19 Martyr’s Day 26-30 Jan 2009 Exhibition of books on or by freedom fighters
20 Library Visit January 2009 State Central library/Children’s Library
Other Activities
21 Know your Library Programmes (Information Literacy) Once in a month Tour to the library to understand its resources and activities
22 Screening of VCDs Once in a month Screening of Educational and issue based VCDs for children
23 Workshops and orientation programmes Once in a year For other School Librarians
24 Library Bulletin Monthly
25 Library Blogs Updation and maintenance Library@KVPattom Libzine Homeworksonline  My Dear Book
26 Awards Best Library Reader On the Annual day


Filed under: Library Media Programmes

Cyber Quest

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Questions

1. Tim Morse is the new CFO of…?

2. Which Google honcho made this comment on Bing’s launch: “It’s not the first entry for Microsoft. They do this about once a year!”

3. To which ‘vendor’ must Amazon.com pay $51 million to settle a lawsuit which claimed Amazon violated an agreement by allowing other vendors to market similar products on its site?

4. What is the ‘noble’ purpose of Microsoft’s ‘browserforthebetter.com’ site?

5. According to ‘global market share statistics’ provided by Net Applications, which is the fourth most used OS now after Windows, Mac and Linux?

6. Name the Indian, Microsoft’s vice-president in charge of Startup Business Accelerator program, who is quitting after 19 years at the software giant?

7. Which Java software framework is named after the creator’s child’s stuffed elephant?

8. Name the VC which was the initial one to fund Yahoo! in April 1995 with an initial investment of nearly $2 million.

9. Which was the first ‘mouse gesture’ and who introduced it?

10. Which browser had its genesis as a research project at Telenor, the largest Norwegian telecommunications company, in 1994?


Answers

1. Yahoo!

2. The CEO, Eric Schmidt.

3. Toys ‘R’ Us.

4. For every download of IE 8 from that site, the company will donate eight meals to ‘Feeding America’ programme.

5. The iPhone OS.

6. Sanjay Parthasarathy.

7. Hadoop

8. Sequoia Capital.

9. Called the ‘drag’, Apple used it to replace a dedicated move button on the mice shipped with Macintosh and Lisa computers.

10. Opera

Courtesy:V.V. Ramanan, Business Line

Filed under: YW-Cyber Quiz,

Quiz Time

Questions


1. Of the 10 common ecosystems called biomes, which is the coldest?

2. On this date in 1985, an Air India aircraft that was blown up in midair by a bomb killing 329 people. After which Indian king was it christened?

3. What did the initials in the name of the former President of India V.V. Giri stand for?

4. In geology, what is a ‘longshore drift’?

5. At what temperature is water said to boil on the top of Mt. Everest?

6. In the context of film awards, expand IIFA.

7. What colour does Phenolphthalein turn in basic solutions?

8. Which famous Indian city lies on Salsette Island?

Photo: Rajeev Bhatt

IIFA : Brand Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan.

9. Who was Leander Paes’s partner when he won the French Open men’s doubles title recently?

10. In Gulliver’s Travels, what is the Capital of Laputa?

11. What is the collective noun for a group of apes?

12. In which century did Dr. Edward Jenner invent the vaccine against smallpox?

13. Name the ‘grim’ brother of Zeus and Poseidon who was the ruler of the Greek Underworld.

Photo : AFP

“Winningest coach” : Won his 10th title. 14. In an opera, the songs by the soloists are called..?

15. Who recently became the ‘winningest’ coach in NBA finals history with his 10th title?

Answers

1. Tundra or polar biome
2. Emperor Kanishka
3. Varahagiri Venkata
4. Process by which sediments such as sand move along a beach shore
5. Around 68-70 degrees Celsius
6. International Indian Film Academy
7. Pink to fuchsia
8. Mumbai/Bombay
9. Lukas Dlouhy
10. Lagado
11. Shrewdness
12. 18th Century
13. Hades
14. Arias (Italian for “air”)
15. Phil Jackson.

Courtesy: V.V. RAMANAN, The Hindu

Filed under: Young World Quiz,

National Curriculum Framework, NCF 2005

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National Curriculum Framework, NCF 2005 (Eng)

National Curriculum Framework, NCF 2005 (Hindi)

Courtecy: NCERT


Explore More:

Final_Minutes_NCF_Review_workshops

Implementation of NCF

NCF-Nepal

National_Curriculum-Croatia

NC-UK

Right to Education Bill 2005

KV PBL Booklet (Emphasis on NCF)

NCF 2005-Ppt Presentation


Filed under: Downloads, , , , , , , ,

Website of the Week: CBSE Physics

physics

CBSE Physics :: A Web Resource in Physics for CBSE Students

Here is a new Blog in the arena of Physics. The blog contains a lot of useful information such as Entrance links, Learning sections, sample papers, question banks, inference, downloads, etc

Visit this site to solve all your learning resource problems in Physics.

The site is maintained by Mr. Mathew Abraham, PGT Physics, KV Pattom.


Contact : mathewnjappallil at gmail dot com


Filed under: Website of the week, ,

Auction of condemned Books

Visit the library to participate in the auction of condemned books.

Date: 26-27 July 2009

Time: 8.00am to 4.00 p.m.

Filed under: Library activities,

Sample Q. Papers Class XI

XI- PHYSICS XI- COMPUTER SCIENCE
XI- BIOLOGY XI- INFORMATICS PRACTICES
XI- CHEMISTRY XI- MATHEMATICS
XI- ENGLISH
XI- HINDI

Courtesy:

KVS RO, Bhopal

Filed under: Downloads

Spit-up Syllabus 2009-2010

Classwise  PDF Files

class I eng, class I

class II eng, class II
class III eng, class III
class IV eng, class IV
class V eng, CLASS V EVS,    Class V Hindi class V Maths
class VI
class VII
class VIII Hindi,  class VIII SKT, Class VIII
class IX
class X
class XI,   class XI IP & CS
Class XII

Courtesy: KVS RO Hyderabad

Filed under: Downloads,

Sample papers of Session Ending Exams 2009 (III-IX and XI)

You will get the sample papers of session ending exams 2008-’09 for classes III-IX and XI from here

http://www.kvschandigarh.org/html/about-kvs/home.htm

Courtesy : KVS RO Chandigarh

Filed under: Downloads

My Dear Book Blog

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A new blog has launched exclusively for book lovers.

You can write here about your dearest books.

You can review the book. Or simply leave a comment about the book.

Write short reviews and comments.

If you like to recommend a book for discussion send your suggestions through the comment box or mail it to

librarykvpattom at gmail dot com

Read a Book

And

Tell to the world about that.

Filed under: Library activities, , , ,

Online User Survey

Dear visitors,

To analyze the effectiveness and reach of the Library blogs,

Library@KV Pattom

LibZine: the E-magazine and

Homeworks Online

we are conducting an online survey.

Please click on the link given below and participate , that will help us to serve you better.

http://surveys.polldaddy.com/s/53B1F00FF009205A/

Filed under: Online User surveys

Mr.Kapil Sibal, Minister, MHRD : Official website

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Visit the official website of the new Human Resource Development Misnister of India to know all about him.

You can post your queries also through the website.

 

Filed under: Website of the week, , ,

World Blood Donor Day 2009

¨Achieving 100 percent non-remunerated donation of blood and blood components¨

Millions of people around the world owe their lives to individuals they will never meet – people who donate their blood to help others. But millions more still can’t get safe blood when they need it. World Blood Donor Day, celebrated on June 14 every year, provides a unique opportunity to thank those very special people that help and to raise awareness about the need for more support.

Established by the World Health Assembly, this day marks the birthday of Karl Landsteiner, the Nobel laureate who discovered the ABO blood group system. There is broad international support to raise awareness of the need for safe blood around the world and encourage eligible individuals to donate blood regularly so that blood is readily available for all who need it when required.

The global theme for 2009 – achieving 100 per cent non-remunerated donation of blood and blood components, places a renewed emphasis on improving the safety and sufficiency of blood supply. As more and more countries achieve the goal of 100 per cent voluntary non-remunerated blood donation, there is growing appreciation of the vital role of voluntary donors who donate blood on a regular basis. Not only are they the safest blood donors, they are also the foundation of sustainable national blood supplies that are sufficient to meet the needs of all patients requiring blood and blood components.

The focus of this theme is the use of innovative approaches to community participation to increase voluntary blood donation, maintenance of a stable pool of regular voluntary donors and establishing or expanding blood component programmes based on hundred percent voluntary non-remunerated donation to achieve self-sufficiency.

Links

:: The Melbourne Declaration on 100% Voluntary Non-remunerated Donation of Blood and Blood Components [pdf 15kb]
:: http://www.wbdd.org/

 

The Melbourne Declaration on

100% Voluntary Non-remunerated Donation of

Blood and Blood Components

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The Melbourne Declaration on ‘100% Voluntary Non-remunerated Donation of Blood and Blood Components’ is founded on the policies articulated in World Health Assembly resolution WHA28.72 Utilization and Supply of Human Blood and Blood Products which urges Member States to promote the development of national blood services based on voluntary non-remunerated blood donation and is supported by resolution WHA58.13 Blood Safety: Proposal to Establish World Blood Donor Day.
We, more than 65 experts in transfusion medicine, policy makers, government and non-government representatives from 40 countries across WHO regions met on 9-11 June 2009 in Melbourne, Australia, as participants in the Global Consultation on 100% Voluntary Non-Remunerated Blood Donation (VNRBD) of Blood and Blood Components, organized by the World Health Organization in collaboration with the Australian Department of Health and Ageing, the Australian Red Cross Blood Service, the Australian and New Zealand Society of Blood Transfusion and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, and endorse the following Melbourne Declaration:
Recognize that safe blood and blood products and their transfusion is a critical aspect of health care and public health that saves millions of lives and improves the health and quality of life of many patients;
Recognize the importance of protecting donors’ welfare and appreciating their generous donations of the gift of life;
Acknowledge that the realisation of the health related Millennium Development Goals to reduce child mortality (Goal 4), to improve maternal health (Goal 5) and to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases (Goal 6) is dependant on universal access to safe blood transfusion;
Recognize that evidence supports that regular voluntary, non-remunerated blood donors are the cornerstone of a safe and sustainable national supply of blood and blood products sufficient to meet the transfusion requirements of the patient population;
Acknowledge the need for a sustainable blood supply through increasing the number of voluntary non-remunerated blood donors who donate regularly;
Recognize that the establishment of well-organized and managed national blood services based on 100% voluntary non-remunerated blood donations with effective quality systems will increase the safety of blood supply by reducing the transmission of TTIs;
Recognise that all the governments can achieve safe sufficient and sustainable national blood supplies by demonstrating leadership and commitment to voluntary Non-remunerated blood donation.
Believe that family replacement and paid donation can compromise the establishment of sustainable blood collection from voluntary non-remunerated blood donors.
Recognise that appropriate use of all blood and blood products and proper component manufacture and optimising the utilisation of recovered plasma is important to increase supply and for donor motivation.
1
We therefore:
Call for action to all governments to achieve 100% voluntary non-remunerated donations by 2020 as the cornerstone of their blood policies, in accordance with World Health Assembly resolutions WHA28.72 and WHA58.13, to appreciate and protect all voluntary non-remunerated blood donors, and recommend the development of a strategy for a stepwise progression from whole blood to labile components to ensuring that all recovered plasma is used for fractionation thereby fully utilising every donation;
Urge all stakeholders, at national and international levels including national blood services, national Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, blood donor organizations, patient organisations, other non and inter-governmental organizations, health industry, the corporate sector and civic society to work together with governments in promoting and supporting the recruitment and retention of voluntary non-remunerated blood donors and mobilizing more financial resources and technical support to achieve the goal of 100% voluntary non-remunerated blood donations in accordance with Millenium Development Goal 8 (Global Partnerships);
Strongly support that WHO advocate a co-ordinated, integrated and collaborative approach to planning and policy development to ensure implementation of a sustainable national blood system;
We declare that we:
Pledge to work towards and maintain 100% voluntary non-remunerated blood donations to provide universal access to safe blood and blood products for all patients requiring transfusion therapy;
Affirm our commitment to the achievement of 100% voluntary non-remunerated blood donations and the protection of donors’ welfare in accordance with the ISBT Code of Ethics;
Commit to the establishment of effective and sustainable national blood services and voluntary non-remunerated blood donor programmes through working with governments and stakeholders to formulate, adopt and implement national blood policies consistent with national needs and WHO technical recommendations.
Undertake to work in collaboration in international efforts to promote safe and sustainable volunteer non-remunerated blood donor programmes that foster community engagement and benefit recipients of blood and blood products.
Note: This declaration contains the collective views of an international group of experts and participants in the Global Consultation on 100% Voluntary Non-Remunerated Donation of Blood and Blood Components, Melbourne, Australia, June 2009, and does not necessarily represent the decisions or stated policy of the World Health Organization, Australian Department of Health and Ageing, Australian Red Cross Blood Service, Australian and New Zealand Society of Blood Transfusion and International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

Courtesy: http://www.who.int/worldblooddonorday/en/ WHO

KNOW MORE

http://www.wbdd.org

Filed under: Article of the Week,

Cyber Quiz

Questions

1. Expand the messaging standard XMPP.

2. Name the now-discontinued ‘lightweight dependency injection framework for Java 5 and above, brought to you by Google’.

3. What important component of the Net was designed by Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris and Craig Partridge in early 1983?

4. In the context of cyber security strategy for the US federal government, if George W. Bush’s document was called ‘National Strategy to Secure Cyberspace’, what is Barack Obama’s just released document called?

5. Frank Warren is the founder of which very popular ongoing community project wherein people mail their secrets anonymously on one side of a postcard?

6. In which three European countries is Gmail known as Google Mail?

7. Which international developer and publisher of video games was started by Trip Hawkins in May 1982?

8. The first domain reserved for a non-English Wikipedia was for which language?

9. Who was the President of the US when the idea of ARPA, the forerunner of the Internet, was thought about?

10. What were ‘SNDMSG’ and ‘READMAIL’?

Answers

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1. eXtensible Messaging and Presence Protocol.

2. Guice

3. Domain Name System (DNS).

4. ‘Cyberspace Policy Review’.

5. PostSecret

6. Germany, Austria and the UK.

7. Electronic Arts.

8. German (deutsche.wikipedia.com).

9. Dwight Eisenhower.

10. The first basic e-mail programs written by Ray Tomlinson at BBN.

Courtesy:V V Ramanan, The Hindu

Filed under: YW-Cyber Quiz

Memories of another day

By

GEETA PADMANABHAN , The Hindu

 

In 1940, Hitler conquered Holland. He stopped Jews from mixing with the other people. Anne Frank was 13-years-old at that time. She and her family and a few others moved into the Secret Annexe, in the hope that they would escape Hitler’s harsh regime. For two years, they lived in hiding. During that time, Anne wrote in her diary. She recorded the happenings of the times she lived in – extraordinary and dangerous too. On June 12, Anne Frank would have been 80, is she had been allowed to live…


Anne Frank was born on June 12, 1929. Her life was short, cruelly cut short by the policies of theNazi era. But the memory of this little girl continues to live on through the pages of her diary.



An artist’s impression of ANNE FRANK.

If you’ve been taught diary writing, or studied World War II in History, you would have heard of Anne Frank. If you’ve been to Amsterdam (lucky!) you might have stepped into the Anne Frank Museum.

You might have watched moving pictures of her life in the Holocaust Museum in Jerusalem. Have you read the book, Anne Frank’s Diary? About Anne Frank, we need to know.

Anne Frank was born on June 12 , 1929. She lived with her parents Otto and Edith Frank and sister Margot in Germany. In 1933, they moved to Amsterdam, Holland, to escape Hitler’s anti-Jewish laws. Anne went to a Montessori school. She was an excellent student. In 1940, Hitler conquered Holland. He stopped Jews like the Franks from mixing with others. They could not shop, swim or attend school. They feared for their lives.


The secret annexe : Anne’s home for two years.

In hiding

To protect his family, Otto Frank prepared a small area behind his office on Prinsengracht 263 as a hiding place. He stocked it with food and other things.


View from her room : The chestnut tree.

Then Margot was asked by Hitler’s Nazi SS to report for work at a concentration camp. So, on July 5, 1942, the Frank family moved to the “Secret Annexe”. Eight people — the four Franks, three from the Van Daan family (Herman and Auguste Van Daan and son Peter) and dentist Pfeffer — made it their home.

For two years they hid in that secret place. Imagine that! All day and night, Anne lay in a small attic. During this time, a diary her parents had gifted her became Anne’s best friend. She named it Kitty and poured her heart out in it. Writing brought her great comfort and made her less afraid.

What she wrote were the simple thoughts and feelings of a teenager. But Anne lived under extraordinary circumstances in dangerous times.

On August 4, 1944, the hiding place was discovered. All eight were arrested and sent to concentration camps. The Nazi men found the briefcase in which Anne kept her papers. They didn’t realize its value.

Two women, Miep Gies and Bep Voskuijl knew of Anne’s love for her diary and collected the papers for safe-keeping.

Otto Frank survived the war. Anne died in the Bergen-Belsen camp of cold and fever. She was 15. Fifty years after she wrote her diary, her insightful words move us deeply. We see in them life, and hope for the future.

On screen

Feature films and documentaries have been made on Anne Frank’s story. Teachers talk of family bonding, courage and human rights when kids watch them. The most popular film on Anne Frank is “The Diary of Anne Frank” (1959). This is a dramatic presentation of the Diary. It won an Oscar Award.

“Anne Frank, the Whole Story” (2001) was made for television. This drama narrates the entire life of Anne Frank. It won an Emmy in 2001 for Best Mini series.

“Anne Frank Remembered” (1995) is a documentary of the Holocaust. It has actual scenes showing Anne Frank from the balcony of her apartment. This won the 1995 Academy Award for Best Documentary.

From the diary

There is simply no substitute for a careful reading of Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl, published in 1947 and translated into 70 languages. Through Anne’s diary entries young readers learn of the history of Nazi Germany during World War II. Anne also wrote short stories, fairy tales, essays, and the beginnings of a novel in five notebooks and 300 loose pages. In them you see a writer with imagination.

Anne’s description of her time in captivity is heart-wrenching, but we fall in love with this passionate girl who hopes things will get better. Her story must be told again and again, so nothing like this ever happens again.

July 8, 1942: The first thing I put in was this diary, then hair curlers, handkerchiefs, schoolbooks, a comb, old letters; I put in the craziest things with the idea that we were going into hiding. But I’m not sorry, memories mean more to me than dresses.

May 1, 1943: If I just think of how we live here, I usually come to the conclusion that it is a paradise compared with how other Jews who are not in hiding must be living.

February 3, 1944: I’ve reached the point where I hardly care whether I live or die. The world will keep on turning without me, and I can’t do anything to change events anyway. I’ll just let matters take their course and concentrate on studying and hope that everything will be all right in the end.

July 5, 1944: I see the world being slowly transformed into a wilderness, I hear the approaching thunder that, one day, will destroy us too, I feel the suffering of millions. And yet, when I look up at the sky, I somehow feel that everything will change for the better, that this cruelty too shall end, that peace and tranquility will return once more.

July 6, 1944: We have many reasons to hope for great happiness, but…we have to earn it. And that’s something you can’t do by taking the easy way out. Earning happiness means doing good and working…

Courtesy: The Hindu

Filed under: Article of the Week,

Quiz Time

Questions

1. The world’s longest-serving current head of state ascended to the throne on this date in 1946. Name him.

2. Name the very loveable cartoon character whose birthday is officially recognised as June 9, 1934. That’s the day his debut film “The Wise Little Hen” was released.

Photo : AFP

Savage Mountain : Difficult to ascent.

3. Which top-10 mountain is also called ‘Savage Mountain’ because of the difficulty of ascent and the high fatality rate?

4. Which religious movement is colloquially referred to as the Mormon Church?

5. The three mean and wealthy farmers in Roald Dahl’s “Fantastic Mr. Fox’” were called…?

6. Which famous dancing star of some of the best musicals was born Frederick Austerlitz?

7. Name the premier team competition in women’s tennis considered the equivelant of the Davis Cup?

8. If the IATA code is LGW, in which London airport would one be?

9. Which bird’s name comes in the common name for the ailment Varicella?

10. The study of rocks is called…?

11. Alphabetically, who would come first in Biblical ‘Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse’?

12. In “The Simpsons”, name Marge’s two sisters.

13. Which Indian actress was part of the feature film jury at the recently concluded prestigious Cannes Film Festival?

14. Who calls Charlie Brown as Chuck in the Peanuts comic strip?

15. Which was the last South American country to win the FIFA World Cup before Brazil?

Answers

1. King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand;

2. Donald F. Duck;

3. K2;

4. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints;

5. Boggis, Bunce and Bean;

6. Fred Astaire;;

7. Fed Cup;

8. Gatwick;

9. Chicken (pox);

10. Petrology;

11. Death;

12. Patty and Selma;

13. Sharmila Tagore;

14. Peppermint Patty;

15. Argentina (1986)

 

Courtesy:V.V. RAMANAN , The Hindu

Filed under: Young World Quiz

End of a chapter on theatre

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Eminent playwright Habib Tanvir, one of the greatest stalwarts of the Indian stage, was known for blending theatre, folk art and poetry in his works, leaving an indelible mark on the minds of the viewers.

A multi-faceted personality, Habib Ahmed Khan adopted the pen-name ‘Tanvir’ when he began writing poetry at an early age. Born on September 1, 1923 in Raipur, Tanvir did his matriculation from Laurie Municipal High School, Raipur, and completed his B.A. from Morris College, Nagpur, in 1944. After pursuing his Master’s for a year at Aligarh Muslim University, he moved to Bombay and joined All India Radio in Bombay as a producer in 1945.

image

While in Bombay, he wrote songs for Hindi films and even acted in a few. He also joined the Progressive Writers’ Association and became an integral part of the Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA) as an actor. Later, when most prominent IPTA members were imprisoned for opposing British rule, he was asked to take over the organisation.

The playwright won the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1969, Padma Shri in 1983, Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship in 1996 and the Padma Bhushan in 2002. Tanvir was also a member of the Rajya Sabha from 1972 to 1978. His play Charandas Chor that was first produced in 1975 got him the Fringe Firsts Award at the Edinburgh International Drama Festival in 1982. In 1959, he founded the Naya Theatre in Bhopal and it is set to complete 50 years this year.

In 1954, he moved to Delhi and worked with Qudsia Zaidi’s Hindustani Theatre and also worked with the Children’s Theatre and authored numerous plays.

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It was during this period that he met actor-director Moneeka Mishra, whom he later married. Later the same year, he produced his first significant play, Agra Bazar, based on the work and time of the plebeian 18th Century Urdu poet Nazir Akbarabadi of Mirza Ghalib’s generation. In this play he used local residents and folk artistes from Okhla village in Delhi with students of Jamia Millia Islamia creating a palette never seen before in Indian theatre, a play not staged in a confined space, rather a bazaar, a market place. This experience with non-trained actors and folk artistes later blossomed with his work with folk artistes of Chhattisgarh.

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In 1955, Habib moved to England where he trained in Acting at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts (RADA) and in Direction at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School (1956). For the next two years, he travelled through Europe watching various theatre activities. One of the highlights of this period was his eight-month stay in Berlin in 1956, during which he got to see several plays of Bertolt Brecht, produced by Berliner Ensemble, just a few months after Brecht’s death. This proved to be a lasting influence on him, as in the coming years he also used local idioms in his plays to express trans-cultural tales and ideologies.

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This gave rise to a “theatre of roots” marked by an utter simplicity in style, presentation and technique yet remaining eloquent and powerfully experiential. A deeply inspired Habib returned to India in 1958 and took directing full-time. He produced Mitti Ki Gaadi, based on Shudraka’s Sanskrit work, Mrichchakatika, and it became his first important production in Chhattisgarhi.

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There was no turning back from there. It led to the foundation of Naya Theatre in Bhopal along with his wife. In his exploratory phase, 1970-73, Tanvir broke free from one more theatre restriction. He no longer made the folk artistes with whom he had been performing all his plays speak Hindi, and instead switched to Chhattisgarhi, a dialect they were more accustomed to. Later, he even started experimenting with “Pandavani”, a folk singing style from the region and temple rituals, making his plays stand out amidst the backdrop of plays which were still using traditional theatre techniques like blocking movements or fixing lights on paper. During his career, Habib acted in over nine feature films, including Richard Attenborough’s Gandhi (1982).

He passed away on 08th June 2009

Courtesy:The Hindu

Filed under: Author of the week,

For women and men in white

image

Nursing abroad as a career

by B.S. WARRIER

Courtesy: The Hindu

The professional success of even the most competent specialist doctor often requires the support and assistance of skilled nurses and paramedical personnel. Nurses from India have made their mark at the global level in competence and dedication to duty.

There is a huge demand for good nurses in western countries, especially the U.S. The remuneration is handsome. However, those with a basic nursing qualification obtained in India cannot straightaway join the nursing service there.

In the U.S., you have to prove your competence by passing the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). Then there is the CGFNS examination, modelled on the lines of NCLEX-RN. Both can now be taken in India.

An important factor is the need for proving your proficiency in the English language, through scores secured in globally accepted tests, such as the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) or the International English Language Testing System (IELTS).

Though the medium of instruction in Indian nursing colleges and schools is English, many graduates cannot easily communicate in that language to people from countries such as the U.S. It is, therefore, imperative that nursing students who desire to practise in the West should plan ahead in developing their English language skills to meet the practical demands of working abroad.

CGFNS

The CGFNS International (formerly known as the Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools) is an authority on credentials evaluation pertaining to the education, registration and licensure of nurses and other health-care professionals worldwide. It conducts predictive testing and evaluation of nurses trained in various countries, for ensuring their competence and confirming their eligibility for licensure as registered nurses in the U.S.

The three elements for obtaining CGFNS certification are VisaScreen: Visa credentials assessment; certification programme; and credentials evaluation service.

Applicants must have completed Plus Two and passed a government-approved nursing programme of at least two years’ duration. The four-year B.Sc. nursing degree obtained through nursing colleges or the three-and-a-half-year GNM (general nursing and midwifery) diploma obtained through nursing schools and recognised hospitals in India is adequate nursing qualification for appearance in the CGFNS examination and the NCLEX-RN. Also, the candidates should have obtained registration from the nursing council.

The CGFNS requires the nursing diploma/certificate sent directly from the nursing college or school. So also, the registration details should go directly from the nursing council, and not through the candidate.

The qualifying examination measures an applicant’s nursing knowledge based on what nurses must know and do when they practise nursing in the U.S. The foundations of the qualifying examination are based on client (patient) needs. The traditional clinical areas of nursing practice — nursing care of the adult, nursing care of children, maternal and infant nursing, psychiatric and mental health nursing and community health nursing — are covered. The examination ensures that an applicant has the same level of understanding of nursing with various client groups, in various settings, as graduates of U.S. nursing schools have.

VisaScreen

The International Commission on Healthcare Professions (ICHP), a CGFNS division, administers the Visa Credentials Assessment Programme for registered nurses who are not U.S. citizens. This certification is essential for applying for a nurse’s visa.

The process comprises four elements: an education analysis; licensure validation; an English language proficiency assessment; and an examination of nursing knowledge.

For confirming nursing knowledge, you must pass the CGFNS qualifying examination or the NCLEX-RN.

You can prove your English language proficiency by securing the required score in TOEFL Internet-based version (iBT) with at least a score of 83 or the IELTS with at least a score of 6.5 in the academic module.

Application procedure

* You complete a Visa credentials assessment application form and submit it along with full payment and your full academic records to CGFNS/ICHP.

* CGFNS/ICHP sends you a permanent identification number.

* You prepare and send a “request for academic records” form to the nursing school where you studied.

* Your school completes the form and returns it by mail to CGFNS/ICHP with your full academic records.

* CGFNS/ICHP notifies your eligibility.

* You prepare and send a “request for validation of registration/license” form to the licensing authority that issued you a registration, including the U.S. Board of Nursing where you passed the NCLEX-RN.

* The licensing authority completes the “request” form and sends it by mail to CGFNS/ICHP.

* CGFNS/ICHP notifies you of insufficient or outstanding documentation, if any.

* You register for TOEFL or IELTS, indicate CGFNS/ICHP as the score recipient, and pass the English proficiency test.

* CGFNS/ICHP receives your TOEFL or IELTS scores and records it in your VisaScreen file, and reviews your eligibility.

All the application forms required are available on the CGFNS web site www.cgfns.org. You can communicate with CGFNS/ICHP using the information provided in the ‘Contact Us’ link on the web site. For sending material by mail, use the address: CGFNS/ICHP VisaScreen: Visa Credentials Assessment, ICHP, 3600 Market Street, Suite 400, Philadelphia, PA 19104-2665, USA.

You should note that your school and the licensing authority have to send your documents by mail to the CGFNS/ICHP and not you. It may be remembered that authorities in the U.S. will insist on the NCLEX-RN qualification for practising as a registered nurse. The CGFNS exam is modelled on the lines of NCLEX-RN. So those who have passed the CGFNS examination can reasonably expect to pass the NCLEX-RN. The conditions for licensure vary from State to State in the U.S. You have to contact the board of nursing in the State where you wish to become licensed.

Certification programme

As mentioned above, there are some differences among the States in the U.S., with regard to the licensure for registered nurses. In most of the States, internationally educated nurses should possess the CGFNS certificate for taking the NCLEX-RN. The application procedure for CGFNS Certification is as follows:

* You complete an application form for the CGFNS certification with appropriate fee.

* CGFNS sends you an identification number and CGFNS official study guide.

* You prepare and send request for validation of registration/license forms to the licensing authority (nursing council).

* You prepare and send a request for academic records form to your nursing college or school.

* CGFNS checks your documents and notifies your eligibility.

* You register for TOEFL or IELTS, indicate CGFNS as the score recipient, and pass the English proficiency test.

* Simultaneously prepare for the CGFNS qualifying examination.

* CGFNS notifies your eligibility and the date and location of the examination.

* You take the examination (administered three times a year in over 45 test sites worldwide), and once a year in select test sites. In India, the usual test centres are Bangalore, Kochi, Delhi and Mumbai.

* CGFNS notifies you of the qualifying examination results.

Guidanceplus archives: http://www.hindu.com/

Filed under: Career Corner, , ,

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