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Abraham Follett Osler (22 March 1808 – 26 April 1903), known as A. Follett Osler, was a pioneer in the measurement of meteorological and chronological data in Birmingham, England.
A.M. Weather was an American weather news program that ran from October 30, 1978.
The AAI Aerosonde is a small unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) designed to collect weather data, including temperature, atmospheric pressure, humidity, and wind measurements over oceans and remote areas.
Abbott Lawrence Rotch (January 6, 1861 – April 7, 1912) was an American meteorologist and founder of the Blue Hill Meteorological Observatory, the longest continually operating observation site in the United States and an important site for world climatology.
Abdul Jabbar Abdullah (عبد الجبار عبد الله) (1911 – July 9, 1969) was an Iraqi wave theory physicist, dynamical meteorologist, and President Emeritus of Baghdad University.
The Abisko Scientific Research Station (ANS) is a field research station managed by the Swedish Polar Research Secretariat.
Ablation is removal of material from the surface of an object by vaporization, chipping, or other erosive processes.
Abraham de la Pryme (15 January 1671 – 12 June 1704) was an English antiquary.
In meteorology, absolute angular momentum refers to the angular momentum in an 'absolute' coordinate system (absolute time and space).
In physics, absorption of electromagnetic radiation is the way in which the energy of a photon is taken up by matter, typically the electrons of an atom.
Ābu Ḥanīfah Āḥmad ibn Dawūd Dīnawarī (815–896 CE, أبو حنيفة الدينوري) was an Islamic Golden Age polymath, astronomer, agriculturist, botanist, metallurgist, geographer, mathematician, and historian.
An abyssal plain is an underwater plain on the deep ocean floor, usually found at depths between and.
The Academy of Science - St.
Accretion is defined as the gradual collection of something over time.
AccuWeather Inc. is an American media company that provides commercial weather forecasting services worldwide.
The AccuWeather Network is an American cable television network that is owned by AccuWeather.
The Acerba (from acervus) was an encyclopaedic poem by Cecco d'Ascoli.
Ackworth is a village and civil parish in the metropolitan borough of Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England, situated between Pontefract, Barnsley and Doncaster on the small River Went.
An actinoform or actiniform cloud is a collection of marine low clouds that takes a distinct shape.
Actinometers are instruments used to measure the heating power of radiation.
Adam James Clark is an American meteorologist at the Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies (CIMMS) and the National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL) recognized for contributions to numerical modeling of convection.
Adam H. Sobel (born 1967) is a Professor of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics and of Earth and Environmental Sciences at Columbia University.
The ADMS 3 (Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling System) is an advanced atmospheric pollution dispersion model for calculating concentrations of atmospheric pollutants emitted both continuously from point, line, volume and area sources, or intermittently from point sources.
Adnan Boynukara (born 4 February 1964) is a Turkish politician from the Justice and Development Party (AKP), who has served as a Member of Parliament for Adıyaman since 7 June 2015.
Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet FRSFor FRSE (22 February 1796 – 17 February 1874) was a Belgian astronomer, mathematician, statistician and sociologist.
Adrian Edmund Gill FRS (22 February 1937 – 19 April 1986) was an Australian meteorologist and oceanographer best known for his textbook Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics.
The Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System (AWIPS) is a technologically advanced processing, display, and telecommunications system that is the cornerstone of the United States National Weather Service's (NWS) operations.
Advances in Space Research (ASR) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that is published 27 times per year by Elsevier.
In the field of physics, engineering, and earth sciences, advection is the transport of a substance by bulk motion.
The AERMOD atmospheric dispersion modeling system is an integrated system that includes three modules:Prater, E.T. and Midgley, C., A new air dispersion modeling system is helping create more accurate industrial source models, Environmental Protection, Vol.
Aerographer's mate (abbreviated as AG) is a United States Navy occupational rating.
The Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunication Network (AFTN) is a worldwide system of aeronautical fixed circuits provided, as part of the Aeronautical Fixed Service, for the exchange of messages and/or digital data between aeronautical fixed stations having the same or compatible communications characteristics.
__notoc__ Technicien aéronautique d'exploitation (TAE, in English "Aeronautical operations technician") is a certification created in 2011.
Aeronomy is the meteorological science of the upper region of the Earth's or other planetary atmospheres, which relates to the atmospheric motions, its chemical composition and properties, and the reaction to it from the environment from space.
Agence Nationale de l'Aviation Civile et de la Météorologie (ANACIM), in English the National Agency of Civil Aviation and Meteorology, is the national civil aviation authority and meteorology agency of Senegal, with its head office on the property of Léopold Sédar Senghor International Airport in Dakar.
Agnieszka Fryckowska is a New Zealand meteorologist and Antarctic base manager who has worked with the British Antarctic Survey (BAS).
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research on the relationships between meteorology and the fields of plant, animal, and soil sciences, ecology, and biogeochemistry.
Agricultural soil science is a branch of soil science that deals with the study of edaphic conditions as they relate to the production of food and fiber.
Agrometeorology is the study of weather and use of weather and climate information to enhance or expand agricultural crops and/or to increase crop production.
Agronomy (Ancient Greek ἀγρός agrós 'field' + νόμος nómos 'law') is the science and technology of producing and using plants for food, fuel, fiber, and land reclamation.
Ahmadiyya is an Islamic movement in Australia, first formally founded in the country in the 1980s, during the era of the fourth caliph.
The Air Corps Tactical School, also known as ACTS and "the Tactical School", was a military professional development school for officers of the United States Army Air Service and United States Army Air Corps, the first such school in the world.
Air France has been in operation since 1933.
In meteorology, an air mass is a volume of air defined by its temperature and water vapor content.
An air navigation service provider (ANSP) is a public or a private legal entity providing Air Navigation Services.
An air pollution episode is an unusual combination of emissions and meteorology that gives rise to high levels of air pollution over a large area.
NASA's Airborne Science Program is administered from the NASA Neil A. Armstrong Flight Research Center, in Edwards, California.
Aircraft noise is noise pollution produced by aircraft during the various phases of a flight.
An aircrew brevet (officially known as an aircrew badge) is the badge worn on the left breast, above any medal ribbons, by qualified aircrew in the Royal Air Force, British Army, Indian Air Force, Pakistan Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Australian Army, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal New Zealand Air Force, South African Air Force and Sri Lanka Air Force.
Airflow, or air flow is the movement of air from one area to another.
The Airline Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL), or in the United States of America, an Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) certificate is the highest level of aircraft pilot certificate.
An airshed is a part of the atmosphere that behaves in a coherent way with respect to the dispersion of emissions.
Airship Italia was a semi-rigid airship used by Italian engineer Umberto Nobile in his second series of flights around the North Pole.
, also known as the Venus Climate Orbiter (VCO) and Planet-C, is a Japanese (JAXA) space probe tasked to study the atmosphere of Venus.
Aksel C. Wiin-Nielsen (17 February 1924 – 26 April 2010) was a Danish professor of meteorology at University of Copenhagen, University of Michigan, Director of the ECMWF, and Secretary-General of WMO.
Albert Martin Bolton, Sr. (October 24, 1925 – April 2, 2014), was for forty-seven years a television or radio meteorologist from his adopted city of Shreveport, Louisiana.
Alan "Al" Kaprielian is a meteorologist in New Hampshire.
Abu Yūsuf Yaʻqūb ibn ʼIsḥāq aṣ-Ṣabbāḥ al-Kindī (أبو يوسف يعقوب بن إسحاق الصبّاح الكندي; Alkindus; c. 801–873 AD) was an Arab Muslim philosopher, polymath, mathematician, physician and musician.
Charles Alan Blake Clemetson FRCOG, FRCSC, FACOG (31 October 1923 – 30 August 2006) was a medical doctor, scientist and researcher who published over 48 medical papers and a three-volume monograph, Vitamin C. During his hospital and teaching career he specialised in obstetrics and gynecology.
Alan Heusaff, also Alan Heussaff (23 July 1921 in Saint-Yvi, Finistère – 3 November 1999 in Galway) was a Breton nationalist, linguist, dictionary compiler, prolific journalist and lifetime campaigner for solidarity between the Celtic peoples.
Alan J. Faller (born March 4, 1929) is an American meteorologist / oceanographer specializing in small oceanic and atmospheric circulation.
Alan Roger Moller (February 1, 1950 – June 19, 2014) was an American meteorologist, storm chaser, nature and landscape photographer known for advancing spotter training and bridging operational meteorology (particularly severe storms forecasting) with research.
Alan Nursall is a Canadian scientist and television personality, who reports on science news for the Canadian television series Daily Planet and the Alan Nursall Experience on the Discovery Channel.
Alan Robock (born 1949) is an American climatologist.
The Albany Institute of History & Art (AIHA) is a museum in Albany, New York, United States, "dedicated to collecting, preserving, interpreting and promoting interest in the history, art, and culture of Albany and the Upper Hudson Valley region".
Albert Camus (7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist.
Albert Joseph Maria Defant (July 12, 1884, Trient – December 24, 1974, Innsbruck) was an Austrian meteorologist and oceanographer.
Albert I (13 November 1848 – 26 June 1922) was Prince of Monaco and Duke of Valentinois from 10 September 1889 until his death.
Albert Benoît Marie Lancaster was a Belgian astronomer and meteorologist.
Albert Riggenbach (1854 – 28 February 1921), also known as Albert Riggenbach-Burckhardt, was a Swiss meteorologist and co-author, with Hugo Hildebrandsson and Léon Teisserenc de Bort, of one of the first cloud atlases, the International Cloud Atlas in 1896.
Albert's swarm was an immense concentration of the Rocky Mountain locust that in 1875 swarmed the Western United States.
The Alberta Hail Project was a research project sponsored by the Alberta Research Council and Environment Canada to study hailstorm physics and dynamics in order to design and test means for suppressing hail.
Alcmaeon of Croton (in Magna Graecia) (Ἀλκμαίων ὁ Κροτωνιάτης, Alkmaiōn, gen.: Ἀλκμαίωνος; 5th century BC) has been described as one of the most eminent natural philosophers and medical theorists of antiquity.
The alcohol thermometer or spirit thermometer is an alternative to the mercury-in-glass thermometer and has similar functions.
Aleksey Tillo (Алексей Андреевич Тилло; Alexei Andreyevitch Tillo) (November 25 (O.S. November 13), 1839, Kiev Governorate – January 11 (O.S. December 30), 1900, Saint Petersburg) was a prominent Russian geographer, cartographer, land surveyor, lieutenant general of the Russian Imperial Army (1894).
Alexander Dallas Bache (July 19, 1806 – February 17, 1867) was an American physicist, scientist, and surveyor who erected coastal fortifications and conducted a detailed survey to map the mideastern United States coastline.
Alexander Alexandrovich Friedmann (also spelled Friedman or Fridman; Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Фри́дман) (June 16, 1888 – September 16, 1925) was a Russian and Soviet physicist and mathematician.
Alexander Ebenezer McLean Geddes OBE FRSE (8 February 1885-26 December1970) was a Scottish meteorologist and physicist.
Alexander George Findlay (1812–1875) was an English geographer and hydrographer.
Alexander George McAdie (August 4, 1863 – November 1, 1943) was an American meteorologist.
Alexander Island, which is also known as Alexander I Island, Alexander I Land, Alexander Land, Alexander I Archipelago, and Zemlja Alexandra I, is the largest island of Antarctica.
Alexander Keith Johnston FRSE FRGS FGS FEGS LLD (28 December 18049 July 1871) was a Scottish geographer and cartographer.
Alexander Mikhailovich Obukhov (Алекса́ндр Миха́йлович Обу́хов) (5 May 1918 – 3 December 1989) was a Russian physicist and applied mathematician known for his contributions to statistical theory of turbulence and atmospheric physics.
Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt (14 September 17696 May 1859) was a Prussian polymath, geographer, naturalist, explorer, and influential proponent of Romantic philosophy and science.
Alexander Wilson (171416 October 1786) was a Scottish surgeon, type-founder, astronomer, mathematician and meteorologist.
Alexey Ivakhnenko (Олексíй Григо́рович Іва́хненко, Алексей Григо́рьевич Іва́хненко); (30 March 1913 – 16 October 2007) was a Soviet and Ukrainian mathematician most famous for developing the Group Method of Data Handling (GMDH), a method of inductive statistical learning, for which he is sometimes referred to as the "Father of Deep Learning".
Alexis Anastay Julien (13 February 1840 – 7 May 1919) was an American geologist who taught at Columbia University's School of Mines for many years.
Alexis Caswell (January 29, 1799 – January 8, 1877) was an American educator, born in Taunton, Massachusetts.
Alfred-Faure or Port Alfred is a permanent French scientific station on Île de la Possession (Possession Island) of the subantarctic Crozet Archipelago in the South Indian Ocean.
Alfred H. Thiessen (born April 8, 1872, died June 7, 1956) was an American meteorologist after whom Thiessen polygons are named.
Alfred Lothar Wegener (–) was a German polar researcher, geophysicist and meteorologist.
The Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (German: Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung) is located in Bremerhaven, Germany, and a member of the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres.
All Along the Watchtower is a British sitcom that aired on BBC One in 1999, about an RAF site in Scotland, it was written by Pete Sinclair and Trevelyan Evans.
"All That Glisters" is the fourth episode of the second series of Space: 1999 (and the twenty-eighth overall episode of the programme).
Allan James Yeomans (born 3 October 1931, in Sydney, Australia) to father P.A. Yeomans and mother Rita Yeomans both now deceased.
The Helikite is a type of kite-balloon or kytoon designed by Sandy Allsopp in the UK in 1993.
Moritz Alphons Stübel (26 July 1835 – 10 November 1904) was a German geologist and vulcanologist who was a native of Leipzig.
Amado Pineda (May 5, 1938 – August 6, 2015) was a Filipino meteorologist who became the first widely recognized television weatherman in the Philippines.
The Amazonas State University (Universidade do Estado do Amazonas, UEA) is a Brazilian public university operated by the state of Amazonas, located in Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil.
Américo de Deus Rodrigues Tomás (or Thomaz), GCC, GOA, GOSE, (19 November 1894 – 18 September 1987) was a Portuguese Navy officer and politician.
The ambient pressure on an object is the pressure of the surrounding medium, such as a gas or liquid, in contact with the object.
AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published eight times a year by Springer Science+Business Media on behalf of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Ambroz Haračić (born Mali Lošinj, 5 December 1855, died Mali Lošinj, 1 October 1916), was a Croatian botanist.
The American Geophysical Union (AGU) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization of geophysicists, consisting of over 62,000 members from 144 countries.
The American Quaternary Association (AMQUA) is a professional organization of North American scientists devoted to studies of the quaternary geological period.
The Amundsen-Nobile Climate Change Tower (CCT) is a 34-meter research tower installed in Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, Norway, for the study of various physical parameters in the boundary layer of the lower troposphere.
The Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station is a United States scientific research station at the South Pole, the southernmost place on the Earth.
Amy Elizabeth Freeze (born June 19, 1974), is an American television meteorologist.
Anania Shirakatsi (Anania Širakac'i, Անանիա Շիրակացի; 610–685 AD), also known as Ananias of Shirak or Širak) was an Armenian philosopher, mathematician, astronomer, geographer and alchemist. His most famous works are Ashkharatsuyts (Geography) and Cosmography and the Calendar. Robert H. Hewsen describes him as "Armenia's First Scientist".
"Ancient astronauts" (or "ancient aliens") refers to the pseudoscientific idea that intelligent extraterrestrial beings visited Earth and made contact with humans in antiquity and prehistoric times.
Anders Knutsson Ångström (1888, Stockholm – 1981) was a Swedish physicist and meteorologist who was known primarily for his contributions to the field of atmospheric radiation.
André M. Bernier (born May 22, 1959 in New Bedford, Massachusetts) is an American meteorologist, serving as the Cleveland-based WJW-TV's weekday evening meteorologist.
Andreas Peter Hovgaard (1 November 1853 – 15 March 1910) was a Danish naval officer and Arctic explorer.
Andrija Mohorovičić (23 January 1857 – 18 December 1936) was a Croatian meteorologist and seismologist.
An anemometer is a device used for measuring the speed of wind, and is also a common weather station instrument.
Angie Phillips is a meteorologist for BBC Newsline.
Anna Mani (23 August 1918 – 16 August 2001) was an Indian physicist and meteorologist.
Annals of Philosophy was a learned journal founded in 1813 by the Scottish chemist Thomas Thomson.
On the evening of 30 November 1961, Ansett-ANA Flight 325, a service from Sydney to Canberra, Australia, operated by a Vickers Viscount propliner, broke up mid-air and crashed shortly after takeoff, when it encountered a severe thunderstorm.
Antarctic Polar Front may refer to.
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent.
Willard Anthony Watts (born 1958) is an American blogger who runs Watts Up With That?, a popular climate change denial blog that opposes the scientific consensus on climate change.
Antlers is a city in, and the county seat of, Pushmataha County, Oklahoma, United States.
Anton Eliassen (born 11 November 1945) is a Norwegian meteorologist.
Antoni Bolesław Dobrowolski (6 June 1872, in Dworszowice Kościelne – 27 April 1954, in Warsaw), was a Polish geophysicist, meteorologist and explorer.
An-4 is the design bureau designation for the An-2ZA, a variant of the Antonov An-2 intended specially for high-altitude meteorological research.
Apollo 4, (also known as AS-501), was the first unmanned test flight of the Saturn V launch vehicle, which was used by the U.S. Apollo program to send the first astronauts to the Moon.
April Greiman (born 22 March 1948) is a designer.
An aptronym, aptonym or euonym is a personal name aptly or peculiarly suited to its owner.
The Arakawa grid system depicts different ways to represent and compute orthogonal physical quantities (especially velocity- and mass-related quantities) on rectangular grids used for Earth system models for meteorology and oceanography.
The Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, or AARI (Арктический и антарктический научно-исследовательский институт, abbreviated as ААНИИ) is the oldest and largest Russian research institute in the field of comprehensive studies of Arctic and Antarctica.
Arctic ecology is the scientific study of the relationships between biotic and abiotic factors in the arctic, the region north of the Arctic Circle (66 33’).
Arlingham is a village and civil parish in the Stroud District of Gloucestershire, England.
The Royal Saudi Arabian Armed Forces (al-Quwwāt al-Musallaḥah as-Su‘ūdiyyah) is the Armed Forces, consists of the Saudi Arabian Army, the Royal Saudi Air Force, the Royal Saudi Navy, the Royal Saudi Air Defense, and the Royal Saudi Strategic Missile Force.
The Armored Train of the Foreign Legion (Train blindé de la Légion étrangère) was an Armoured train (trains blindés) detachment of the French Foreign Legion formed in Tonkin.
The US Army Air Forces in WWII had major subordinate Commands below the Air Staff level.
Arnold Henry Guyot (September 28, 1807February 8, 1884) was a Swiss-American geologist and geographer.
Arnt Eliassen (9 September 1915 – 22 April 2000) was a Norwegian meteorologist who was a pioneer in the use of numerical analysis and computers for weather forecasting.
Arruiz Glacier is a tributary glacier in the Explorers Range of the Bowers Mountains in Victoria Land, Antarctica.
Arthur Josef Stanislaus Berson (6 August 1859 – 3 December 1942) was a German meteorologist and pioneer of aerology who was a native of Neu Sandez, Galicia (now Nowy Sącz, Poland).
Arthur Lawrence "Art" Hellyer Jr. (born 1923), is a radio and television broadcaster whose professional career spanned the years 1947–2012 and included local and national network radio programs as a disc jockey, radio and television news reporter and anchor, sports reporter, game show television host, and live and recorded television and radio commercials.
Arthur Mitchell, often referred to as the "Trinity Killer", is a fictional character in the Showtime TV series Dexter.
Arthur Joachim von Oettingen (28 March 1836 – 5 September 1920) was a Baltic German physicist and music theorist who was born at the Luua Manor (Ludenhof), Tartu County, Livonia.
The Artillery Brigade (Tykistöprikaati) was a Finnish Army unit stationed in Niinisalo in western Finland.
, also known as, is a serialized Japanese television drama programs series broadcast in the mornings by Japanese public broadcaster NHK.
The Aspatria Agricultural College was a seat of learning located in Aspatria, Cumberland, England.
Assen "Jerry" Jordanoff (Асен Христов Йорданов) born Asen Khristov Yordanov, September 2, 1896, Sofia, Bulgaria – d. October 19, 1967, White Plains, New York) was a Bulgarian inventor, engineer, and aviator. Jordanoff is considered to be the founder of aeronautical engineering in Bulgaria, as well as a contributor to the development of aviation in the United States. He occupied a distinct place among pilots of his time, the golden age of airmanship; in America, Jordanoff gained almost legendary status for his many roles as test pilot, airmail and air taxis pilot, stunt pilot, and flying instructor. He worked as an engineer for a number of companies, including Curtiss-Wright, Boeing, Lockheed, North American, Consolidated, Chance-Vought, Douglas and Piper, where he produced instruction books and manuals for famous airplanes such as the Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, the Lockheed P-38 Lightning, the North American B-25 Mitchell, the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, the Consolidated B-24 Liberator, the Boeing B-29 Superfortress, and the Douglas DC-3. Jordanoff was also well known for his numerous educational publications on aeronautics, including his inventions outside the realm of aviation.
The Associazione Friulana di Astronomia e Meteorologia (AFAM) is a non-profit cultural association whose goal is the promotion of astronomy and meteorology to the public and the development of scientific research activities, often in collaboration with professional scientists.
Astapenko Glacier is a glacier, long, draining the north and northeast slopes of Stanwix Peak in the Bowers Mountains and flowing east-northeast to Ob' Bay, situated in Victoria Land, Antarctica.
The Astor Rocks are two small rock outcrops lying southeast of Mount Ramenskiy in the southeast extremity of the Wohlthat Mountains of Antarctica.
Astrology is the study of the movements and relative positions of celestial objects as a means for divining information about human affairs and terrestrial events.
There are a number of explanations of the asymmetry of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), known by sailors as The Doldrums.
An atmosphere is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body.
The atmosphere of Jupiter is the largest planetary atmosphere in the Solar System.
Atmospheric chemistry is a branch of atmospheric science in which the chemistry of the Earth's atmosphere and that of other planets is studied.
Atmospheric dispersion modeling is the mathematical simulation of how air pollutants disperse in the ambient atmosphere.
Atmospheric electricity is the study of electrical charges in the Earth's atmosphere (or that of another planet).
Atmospheric instability is a condition where the Earth's atmosphere is generally considered to be unstable and as a result the weather is subjected to a high degree of variability through distance and time.
An atmospheric model is a mathematical model constructed around the full set of primitive dynamical equations which govern atmospheric motions.
Atmospheric optics deals with how the unique optical properties of Earth's atmosphere cause a wide range of spectacular optical phenomena.
Atmospheric physics is the application of physics to the study of the atmosphere.
Atmospheric science is the study of the Earth's atmosphere, its processes, the effects other systems have on the atmosphere, and the effects of the atmosphere on these other systems.
An atomic line filter (ALF) is an advanced optical band-pass filter used in the physical sciences for filtering electromagnetic radiation with precision, accuracy, and minimal signal strength loss.
The Auckland Islands (Māori: Motu Maha or Maungahuka) are an archipelago of New Zealand, lying south of the South Island.
Audrey Puente (born March 3, 1970) is an American meteorologist.
August H. "Augie" Auer Jr (10 June 1940 – 10 June 2007) was an atmospheric scientist and meteorologist in New Zealand.
Augustus Heinrich Petermann (18 April 182225 September 1878) was a German cartographer.
August Wiktor Witkowski (12 October 1854 - 12 January 1913), was a Polish physicist, professor and rector of Jagiellonian University in Kraków.
Auguste Bravais (23 August 1811, Annonay, Ardèche – 30 March 1863, Le Chesnay, France) was a French physicist known for his work in crystallography, the conception of Bravais lattices, and the formulation of Bravais law.
Augustine Courtauld (26 August 1904 – 3 March 1959), often called August Courtauld, was a yachtsman and British Arctic explorer, best known for serving as the solo meteorologist of a winter observation post, Icecap Station, located in the interior of Greenland in 1930–1931.
An aureola or aureole (diminutive of Latin aurea, "golden") is the radiance of luminous cloud which, in paintings of sacred personages, surrounds the whole figure.
The Australian Air League (AAL) is a not-for-profit, civilian operated aviation youth organisation in Australia.
The Australian Integrated Forecast System (AIFS) is a UNIX and Linux -based processing, display, analysis and communications system for meteorological data.
The Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society (AMOS) is an independent learned society that supports and fosters interest in Meteorology, Oceanography and other related sciences.
The Austro-Hungarian North Pole expedition was an expedition that ran from 1872–74 and discovered Franz-Josef Land.
Automated airport weather stations are automated sensor suites which are designed to serve aviation and meteorological observing needs for safe and efficient aviation operations, weather forecasting and climatology.
A meteorological observation at a given place can be inaccurate for a variety of reasons, such as a hardware defect.
Automated Weather Source (AWS) was a partnership and later a corporation founded in 1992 by James Michael “Mike” Bailey and Charles “Topper” Shutt of Montgomery County, Maryland, whose purpose was to create a network of weather stations located at public schools and recreational facilities throughout the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States.
Aviation safety means the state of an aviation system or organization in which risks associated with aviation activities, related to, or in direct support of the operation of aircraft, are reduced and controlled to an acceptable level.
Axel Timmermann is a German climate physicist and oceanographer with an interest in climate dynamics, human migration, dynamical systems' analysis, ice-sheet modeling and sea level.
Azerbaijan Scientific Expedition, was a two-man expedition to Antarctica organized by the Azerbaijani government to reach the top of Vinson Massif and the South Pole by skeeing and walking.
The École Hassania des Travaux Publics ("Hassania School of Public Works"), or EHTP, is one of Morocco's oldest engineering schools, a member of the Conférence des grandes écoles, and remains to this day the most prestigious Moroccan Grande Ecole in engineering.
The (ENAC) (French Civil Aviation University) is one of the 207 schools that offers degrees in engineering in France.
Located in Toulouse in France, École nationale de la météorologie (ENM, French Meteorology University) is a renowned Graduate Engineering school in meteorology, with roots back to 1948 as the École de la météorologie.
Édouard Albert Roche (17 October 1820 – 27 April 1883) was a French astronomer and mathematician, who is best known for his work in the field of celestial mechanics.
Éleuthère Élie Nicolas Mascart (20 February 1837 – 24 August 1908) was a noted French physicist, a researcher in optics, electricity, magnetism, and meteorology.
Émile Duclaux (24 June 1840 – May 2, 1904) was a French microbiologist and chemist born in Aurillac, Cantal.
Étienne-Gaspard Robert (15 June 1763 – 2 July 1837), often known by the stage name of "Robertson", was a prominent Belgian physicist, stage magician and influential developer of phantasmagoria.
Évelyne Dhéliat (born 19 April 1948) is a French weather presenter and former continuity announcer.
Øyvind Grøn (born 11 March 1944) is a Norwegian physicist.
Billy Jack Sams (born March 19, 1935) was an anchor for "Today's THV This Morning", now called "THV 11 News This Morning", the morning news show for KTHV-TV, the local CBS-affiliated television station in Little Rock, Arkansas, which is owned by the Gannett Company.
The B612 Foundation is a private nonprofit foundation headquartered in Mill Valley, California, United States, dedicated to planetary defense against asteroids and other near-Earth object (NEO) impacts.
Back-Room Boy is a 1942 British comedy film directed by Herbert Mason, produced by Edward Black for Gainsborough Pictures and starring Arthur Askey, Googie Withers, Graham Moffatt and Moore Marriott.
Backtesting is a term used in modeling to refer to testing a predictive model on historical data.
Balfour Watson Currie, (November 1, 1902 – January 8, 1981) was a Canadian scientist specializing in the fields of meteorology and climatology.
Balfour Stewart (1 November 182819 December 1887) was a Scottish physicist.
The Bandung Institute of Technology or Institute of Technology, Bandung (Institut Teknologi Bandung, abbreviated as ITB) is a state, coeducational research university located in Bandung, Indonesia.
The bar is a metric unit of pressure, but is not approved as part of the International System of Units (SI).
In fluid dynamics, the baroclinity (often called baroclinicity) of a stratified fluid is a measure of how misaligned the gradient of pressure is from the gradient of density in a fluid.
A barometer is a scientific instrument used in meteorology to measure atmospheric pressure.
In fluid dynamics, a barotropic fluid is a fluid whose density is a function of pressure only.
Beach Jumpers were U.S. Navy special warfare units organized during World War II by Lieutenant Douglas Fairbanks, Jr..
Beacon Falls is a town in New Haven County, Connecticut.
The Beagle 2 was a British Mars lander that was transported by the European Space Agency's 2003 Mars Express mission. It was an astrobiology mission that would have looked for past life on the shallow surface of Mars. The spacecraft was successfully deployed from the Mars Express on 19 December 2003 and was scheduled to land on the surface of Mars on 25 December; however, no contact was received at the expected time of landing on Mars, with the ESA declaring the mission lost in February 2004, after numerous attempts to contact the spacecraft were made. The Beagle 2 fate remained a mystery until January 2015 when it was located intact on the surface of Mars in a series of images from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter HiRISE camera. The images suggest that two of the spacecraft's four solar panels failed to deploy, blocking the spacecraft's communications antenna. The Beagle 2 is named after, the ship used by Charles Darwin.
The Beaufort scale is an empirical measure that relates wind speed to observed conditions at sea or on land.
Bedwas Navigation Colliery was a coal mine in the small Welsh village of Bedwas, north of Caerphilly.
This is a list of television-related events that occurred prior to 1925.
Beiji Ge (北极阁) is a hill in Nanjing.
Meteorology was first practiced in Serbia when meteorological data was gathered, monitored and recorded on a daily basis, in 1848, in Belgrade.
Belgrade Observatory is an astronomical observatory located in the eastern part of Belgrade, Serbia, in the natural environment of Zvezdara Forest.
Belgrano III Base (Base Belgrano III) was a permanent, all year-round Argentine Antarctic base and scientific research station named after General Manuel Belgrano, one of the Libertadores and the creator of the Argentine Flag.
Bell Island is an island located off the Avalon Peninsula of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada in Conception Bay.
Bell M. Shimada (January 17, 1922 - June 2, 1958) was an American fisheries scientist.
Benjamin F. Abell is professor of meteorology in the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at Saint Louis University (SLU) and has been a member of the faculty since 1962.
Ben Domensino is an Australian meteorologist currently serving as a presenter for Sky News Australia.
Ben Nevis (Beinn Nibheis), in Scotland, is the highest mountain in the British Isles.
Benjamin Bevan (26 December 1773 — 2 July 1833) was a British civil engineer, noted for his proof of the equivalence of the elastic moduli of ice and water.
Benjamin Franklin (April 17, 1790) was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
Benmore Peak is the highest point of the Benmore Range, an island range located in the southern half of the Mackenzie Basin, South Island, New Zealand.
Benoit B.  Mandelbrot  (20 November 1924 – 14 October 2010) was a Polish-born, French and American mathematician and polymath with broad interests in the practical sciences, especially regarding what he labeled as "the art of roughness" of physical phenomena and "the uncontrolled element in life".
Bergeron is a surname of French origin.
The Berkeley Building (also known as the Old John Hancock Building) is a 26-story, building located at 200 Berkeley Street, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Bernard F. Doucette (died 1974) was a Franco-American meteorologist, whose contributions included his observations of the 1939 Pacific typhoon season.
Bernhard Haurwitz (August 14, 1905 – February 27, 1986) was a German-born American meteorologist and physicist.
Bernice Ackerman (1925-1995) was an American meteorologist, known for being the first woman weathercaster in the U.S. and the first woman meteorologist at Argonne National Laboratory.
Bert Rickard Johannes Bolin (15 May 1925 – 30 December 2007) was a Swedish meteorologist who served as the first chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), from 1988 to 1997.
Herbert ("Bert") Vernon Foord (22 December, 1930, Appleby, Westmorland – 31 July, 2001, Stoke Mandeville, Buckinghamshire) was an English meteorologist and popular BBC weather forecaster during the 1960s and early 1970s.
Bernardus Wilhelmus Maria "Bert" van Sprang (20 June 1944, Tilburg – 17 November 2015, Pijnacker) was the founder of the Dutch youth division ("JWG", or Jongerenwerkgroep) of the Dutch association of meteorology and astronomy ("NVWS", or Nederlandse Vereniging voor Weer- en Sterrenkunde) in 1967.
Betty Christian (born 23 November 1942) is the Communications Officer and Island Secretary of the Pitcairn Islands.
Bhupendra Nath Goswami (born 1950) is an Indian meteorologist, climatologist, a former director of the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM).
Big Brother 6 was the sixth season of the American reality television series Big Brother.
Big data is data sets that are so big and complex that traditional data-processing application software are inadequate to deal with them.
Biglow Canyon Wind Farm is an electricity generating wind farm facility in Sherman County, Oregon, United States.
William Howard "Bill" Evans (born July 16, 1960) is an American meteorologist and the senior meteorologist for WABC-TV, the ABC affiliate in New York City.
William George Giles OBE (born 18 November 1939) is a retired British weather forecaster and television presenter.
William J. "Bill" Karins (born April 14, 1974) is an American meteorologist, working for NBC News and The Weather Channel.
Bill Kuster (May 9, 1930 – August 12, 2006) was an American television meteorologist.
Bill Nye: Science Guy is a 2017 biographical documentary film, and NYT Critic's Pick, produced and directed by David Alvarado and Jason Sussberg of Structure Films (The Immortalists, 2014), and produced by Seth Gordon, Kate McLean and Nick Pampenella.
Bill Schoening is an American sportscaster who is currently the radio play-by-play voice of the San Antonio Spurs, a position he has held since the 2001-2002 season.
The biosphere (from Greek βίος bíos "life" and σφαῖρα sphaira "sphere") also known as the ecosphere (from Greek οἶκος oîkos "environment" and σφαῖρα), is the worldwide sum of all ecosystems.
Bjarni Valdimar Tryggvason (born September 21, 1945) is an Icelandic-born Canadian engineer and a former NRC/CSA astronaut.
A blizzard is a severe snowstorm characterized by strong sustained winds of at least and lasting for a prolonged period of time—typically three hours or more.
Blocks in meteorology are large-scale patterns in the atmospheric pressure field that are nearly stationary, effectively “blocking” or redirecting migratory cyclones.
The Blue Castle Project is a proposed nuclear power plant near Green River, Utah, United States.
The Blue Hill Meteorological Observatory, also known as Great Blue Hill Weather Observatory, Blue Hill Weather Observatory, or simply the Blue Hill Observatory, in Milton, Massachusetts is the foremost structure associated with the history of weather observations in the United States.
Several boards have been appointed by US presidents or Congress to evaluate the US defensive fortifications, primarily coastal defenses near strategically important harbors on the US shores, its territories, and its protectorates.
Robert "Bob" Dawson (May 9, 1924 – October 20, 2014) or "Sheriff Bob" was an American television personality, meteorologist, and producer.
Robert Madison Griffin, known as Bob Griffin (born August 8, 1934) is a radio and television journalist with more than fifty years experience in broadcasting in his adopted city of Shreveport, Louisiana.
Bob Ryan is a retired meteorologist who most recently forecasted for WJLA, the ABC affiliate in Washington, D.C..
Robert Chester Sheets (born June 7, 1937) is a meteorologist who served as the director of the National Hurricane Center from 1987 to 1995.
Robert Elton "Bob" Stokes, Jr. (born January 1958) is an American television meteorologist, and formerly for The Weather Channel from 1996 through 2008.
Robert S. "Bob" Van Dillen (born October 6, 1972), occasionally known as Bobby Van Dillen, is an American meteorologist currently working on the Morning Express with Robin Meade show on HLN.
The Boeing Satellite Development Center is a major business unit of Boeing Defense, Space & Security.
A bombardment group or bomb group was a group of bomber aircraft the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) during World War II.
During World War II Braunschweig (known as Brunswick in English) was attacked by Allied aircraft in 42 bombing raids.
Bonnie Schneider is a national television meteorologist and the author of Extreme Weather, published by Palgrave Macmillan.
--> The Book of the Consulate of the Sea or Book of the Consulate of Sea is a compendium of maritime law that governed trade in the Mediterranean for centuries.
Boris Choubert or Schuberth (1906 − December 3, 1983) was a French geologist.
Boris Mavashev (born 9 May 1939 in Tashkent) is a seismologist, doctor of geology and ecology, specializing in the geochemical and meteorological precursors of earthquakes.
Boundary-Layer Meteorology is an peer reviewed scientific journal of geosciences published by Springer Science+Business Media.
The American Practical Navigator (colloquially often referred to as Bowditch), originally written by Nathaniel Bowditch, is an encyclopedia of navigation.
In meteorology and hydrology, the Bowen ratio is used to describe the type of heat transfer in a water body.
The branches of science, also referred to as sciences, "scientific fields", or "scientific disciplines" are commonly divided into three major groups.
Brant Miller (born February 8, 1950) is the chief meteorologist for NBC owned and operated television station WMAQ-TV in Chicago.
In fluid dynamics, a breaking wave is a wave whose amplitude reaches a critical level at which some process can suddenly start to occur that causes large amounts of wave energy to be transformed into turbulent kinetic energy.
A breakpoint is a location referred to by meteorologists when issuing watches, warnings, or advisories, for specific areas.
Brendan McWilliams (7 August 1944 – 22 October 2007) was an Irish meteorologist and science writer.
Brian Gerard Gardiner is a retired British meteorologist, formerly working for the British Antarctic Survey.
Sir Brian John Hoskins CBE FRS, (born 17 May 1945) is a British dynamical meteorologist and climatologist based at the Imperial College London and the University of Reading.
Brian Jay Sussman (born April 3, 1956) is an American conservative talk radio host and former meteorologist in the San Francisco Bay area.
Brian Tinsley is a physicist who for more than 50 years has been actively researching Aeronomy.
Briarcliff Farms was a farm established in 1890 by Walter William Law in Briarcliff Manor, a village in Westchester County, New York.
The Bristol Channel (Môr Hafren) is a major inlet in the island of Great Britain, separating South Wales from Devon and Somerset in South West England.
The Bristol Channel floods, 30 January 1607, drowned many people and destroyed a large amount of farmland and livestock.
The British Arctic Air Route Expedition (BAARE) was a privately funded expedition to the east coast and interior of the island of Greenland.
The British Columbia Provincial Police (BCPP) was the provincial police service of British Columbia, Canada, between 1858 and 1950.
Degree abbreviations are used as an alternative way to specify an academic degree instead of spelling out the title in full, such as in reference books such as Who's Who and on business cards.
The British North Greenland expedition was a British scientific mission, led by Commander James Simpson RN, which lasted from July 1952 to August 1954.
The British Science Association (BSA) is a charity and learned society founded in 1831 to aid in the promotion and development of science.
The Brocken, also sometimes referred to as the Blocksberg, is the highest peak of the Harz mountain range and also the highest peak of Northern Germany; it is located near Schierke in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt between the rivers Weser and Elbe.
Brook Street Chapel is a church building in Tottenham, North London.
Brown Station (Estación Científica Almirante Brown, or more often Base Brown or Estación Brown) is an Argentine Antarctic base and scientific research station named after Admiral William Brown, the father of the Argentine Navy.
The Brown Willy effect is a particular example of a meteorological phenomenon known as peninsular convergence, which sometimes occurs in the south-west of Great Britain.
Bruce Gilchrist (4 August 1930 – 23 May 2015) is considered one of the notable figures in modern computing history.
Bruce Grove is a ward in Tottenham, enclosed by Lordship Recreation Ground, Lordship Lane, Philip Lane, and the High Road.
In atmospheric dynamics, oceanography, asteroseismology and geophysics, the Brunt–Väisälä frequency, or buoyancy frequency, is the angular frequency at which a vertically displaced parcel will oscillate within a statically stable environment.
Bryan J. Hannegan is an American scientific administrator, with a background as a climate scientist and engineer.
The Binary Universal Form for the Representation of meteorological data (BUFR) is a binary data format maintained by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
The Bujinkan (武神館) is an international martial arts organization based in Japan and headed by Masaaki Hatsumi.
The Bulk Richardson Number (BRN) is an approximation of the.
The Bulletin of Marine Science is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science of the University of Miami.
The Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society is a scientific journal published by the American Meteorological Society.
In meteorology, Buys Ballot's law may be expressed as follows: In the Northern Hemisphere, if a person stands with his back to the wind, the atmospheric pressure is low to the left, high to the right.
Byron Miranda is an American television journalist.
Christophorus Henricus Diedericus Buys Ballot (October 10, 1817 – February 3, 1890) was a Dutch chemist and meteorologist after whom Buys Ballot's law and the Buys Ballot table are named.
Charles Warren Thornthwaite (March 7, 1899 – June 11, 1963) was an American geographer and climatologist.
There are two main uses of the term calibration in statistics that denote special types of statistical inference problems.
The California Air Resources Board (CARB or ARB) is the "clean air agency" in the government of California.
CALPUFF is an advanced, integrated Lagrangian puff modeling system for the simulation of atmospheric pollution dispersion distributed by the Atmospheric Studies Group at TRC Solutions.
Camilla Erculiani (also known as Camilla Herculiana,Bakie, Jelena (2017). "Defence from the Margin: Women Authors and Paratext between the Two Shores of the Adriatic. Three Case Studies from the Sixteenth Century". Text and Event in Early Modern Europe. died post-1584) was an Italian apothecary, writer, natural philosopher and women's advocate during the early modern period.
The Iowa State University campus contains over 160 buildings, several of which are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Canopy research is the field of scientific research based upon data collected in the canopy of trees.
Cantab Capital Partners is a hedge fund based in Cambridge, England, co-founded by Dr. Ewan Kirk and Erich Schlaikjer.
Cape Bidlingmaier is a rocky cape at the east side of the entrance to Mechanics Bay, on the north side of Heard Island in the southern Indian Ocean.
Cape Brooks is a cape marked by steep, conspicuous walls which rise to, forming the south side of the entrance to New Bedford Inlet, on the east coast of Palmer Land.
The Cape Expedition was the deliberately misleading name given to a secret five-year wartime program of establishing coastwatching stations on New Zealand’s more distant uninhabited subantarctic islands.
Caraga Regional Science High School is a public school in San Juan, Surigao City, Philippines.
The Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology was established in 1967 by the member states of the Caribbean Meteorological Organisation (CMO).
Carl Fabian Emanuel Björling (30 November 1839 – 6 May 1910) was a Swedish mathematician and meteorologist.
Carl Ritter (August 7, 1779September 28, 1859) was a German geographer.
Carl Ludwig Gustav Uhlig (29 August 1872, in Heidelberg – 12 September 1938, in Tübingen) was a German geographer and meteorologist.
Carl-Gustaf Arvid Rossby (28 December 1898 – 19 August 1957) was a Swedish-born American meteorologist who first explained the large-scale motions of the atmosphere in terms of fluid mechanics.
The Carl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal is the highest award for atmospheric science of the American Meteorological Society.
Carlo Giuseppe Matteo Marangoni (29 April 1840 – 14 April 1925) was an Italian physicist.
Carmen Nicole Moelders (publishing name Nicole Mölders) is an American atmospheric scientist.
Carol Reed (1925 or 1926 – June 4, 1970), always introduced as "Carol Reed, the weather girl", presented the weather portion of the evening newscasts on WCBS-TV in New York City from 1952 to 1964.
Caroline Marufu (born 1983) is a beauty queen who represented Zimbabwe in Miss World 2007 in China.
The Casco class was a large class of United States Coast Guard cutters in commission from the late 1940s through the late 1980s.
Catastrophe modeling (also known as cat modeling) is the process of using computer-assisted calculations to estimate the losses that could be sustained due to a catastrophic event such as a hurricane or earthquake.
Caterina Scarpellini (29 October 1808 – 28 November 1873), was an Italian astronomer and meteorologist.
CAVU can mean.
CBS This Morning is an American morning television program that is broadcast on CBS.
A ceiling balloon also called a pilot balloon or pibal, is used by meteorologists to determine the height of the base of clouds above ground level during daylight hours.
According to classical sources, the ancient Celts were animists.
The Center for Interdisciplinary Remotely-Piloted Aircraft Studies (CIRPAS) located at the Marina Municipal Airport and is a research center of the US Naval Postgraduate School (NPS), based in the nearby city of Monterey.
A Center Weather Service Unit (CWSU) is a National Weather Service (NWS) unit located inside each of the Federal Aviation Administration's 22 Air Route Traffic Control Centers (ARTCC).
The Central Bandstand, known as the Bandstand, in Herne Bay, Kent, England, was designed by H. Kempton Dyson in 1924, extended with an art deco frontage in 1932, and refurbished between 1998 and 1999.
The Central England Temperature (CET) record is a meteorological dataset originally published by Professor Gordon Manley in 1953 and subsequently extended and updated in 1974, following many decades of painstaking work.
The Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering (CIAE) is a higher seat of learning, research and development in the field of agriculture, situated in the lake city of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.
The Central Institution for Meteorology and Geodynamics (Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik, ZAMG) is the national meteorological and geophysical service of Austria.
The Central Weather Bureau (CWB) is the government meteorological research and forecasting institution of the Republic of China (Taiwan).
The Certificat d'aptitude à l'enseignement aéronautique (CAEA) is French for aeronautical teaching certificate.
Certified Consulting Meteorologist (CCM) is the title of a person designated by the American Meteorological Society (AMS) and CCM Board to possess the attributes of Knowledge, Experience, and Character as they pertain to the field of meteorology.
The Ceylon Journal of Science is an open access peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 1924 by the Government of Ceylon.
CFD stands for computational fluid dynamics (and heat transfer).
Chandima Gomes (Sinhala: චන්දිම ගෝමස්) is a Sri Lankan engineer, physicist and writer who is now permanently residing in Malaysia.
The Chandrasekhar family is a distinguished Indian intellectual family, several of whose members achieved eminence, notably in the field of physics.
Chanute Air Force Base is a decommissioned United States Air Force facility, located in Champaign County, Illinois, south of and adjacent to Rantoul, Illinois, about south of Chicago.
Chaos theory is a branch of mathematics focusing on the behavior of dynamical systems that are highly sensitive to initial conditions.
Chapanov Peak (Чапанов връх, ‘Chapanov Vrah’ \cha-'pa-nov 'vr&h\) is the rocky, partly ice-free peak rising to 600 m in Metlichina Ridge on Oscar II Coast, Graham Land in Antarctica.
Chapultepec Castle (Castillo de Chapultepec) is located on top of Chapultepec Hill.
Charles A. Doswell III (b. November 5, 1945) is an American meteorologist and prolific severe convective storms researcher.
Charles Anthony Schott (* August 7, 1826 in Mannheim; † July 31, 1901 in Washington, D.C.) was a German-American scientist.
Sir Charles Augustus FitzRoy (10 June 179616 February 1858) was a British military officer, politician and member of the aristocracy, who held governorships in several British colonies during the 19th century.
Charles Bachman Moore, Jr. (October 28, 1920 – March 2, 2010) was an American physicist, engineer and meteorologist, known for his research atmospheric physics and his work with gas balloons.
Charles Coxen (20 April 1809 – 17 May 1876) was a naturalist and politician in Queensland, Australia.
Charles Frederick Marvin (October 7, 1858 – June 5, 1943), was an American meteorologist.
Charles Hartwell (Pinyin: Xià Chálǐ; Foochow Romanized: Hâ Chák-lī; December 19, 1825 - January 30, 1905) was an American Board missionary to Foochow, China in the second half of the 19th century.
Charles Mallory Hatfield (July 15, 1875January 12, 1958) was an American "rainmaker".
Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville (26 February 1814 – 10 October 1876) was a geologist and meteorologist.
Sir Charles William Blyth Normand CIE (10 September 1889 – 25 October 1982) was a Scottish meteorologist.
Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, CH, FRS (14 February 1869 – 15 November 1959) was a Scottish physicist and meteorologist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention of the cloud chamber.
Charles Wilkes (April 3, 1798 – February 8, 1877) was an American naval officer, ship's captain, and explorer.
Charles Thomas Munger (born January 1, 1924) is an American investor, businessman and philanthropist.
Chasqui I is a one-kilogram nanosatellite project that was launched by hand from the International Space Station during a spacewalk on August 18, 2014.
Chazaqiel (זיקיאל, Εζεκιήλ), also Êzêqêêl, was the 8th Watcher of the 20 leaders of the 200 fallen angels that are mentioned in an ancient work called The Book of Enoch.
The Cherbourg Project (or Boats of Cherbourg) was an Israeli military operation that took place on 24 December 1969, and involved the escape of five remaining unarmed Sa'ar 3 class boats from the French port of Cherbourg.
Chi Epsilon Pi (ΧΕΠ) (Also known as XEP) is a national honor society for outstanding students in the field of meteorology/atmospheric sciences.
A chief mate (C/M) or chief officer, usually also synonymous with the first mate or first officer (except on passenger liners, which often carry both), is a licensed member and head of the deck department of a merchant ship.
The Chilbolton Observatory is a facility for atmospheric and radio research located on the edge of the village of Chilbolton near Stockbridge in Hampshire, England.
The Chinese Library Classification (CLC), also known as Classification for Chinese Libraries (CCL), is effectively the national library classification scheme in China.
Chinook winds, or simply Chinooks, are föhn winds in the interior West of North America, where the Canadian Prairies and Great Plains meet various mountain ranges, although the original usage is in reference to wet, warm coastal winds in the Pacific Northwest.
Chris Cimino is the meteorologist on WNBC television's early-morning news program, Today in New York in New York City, New York, and a substitute meteorologist for the NBC network's Today program.
Christopher Charles "Chris" Hawkins (born 23 September 1975, in Loppington, Shropshire, England) is a presenter, performance DJ, reporter, journalist, producer, and music pundit.
Christ the Redeemer of the Andes (Cristo Redentor de los Andes) is a monument high in the Andes at 3,832 metres (12,572 ft) above mean sea level on the border between Argentina and Chile.
Christian culture is the cultural practices common to Christianity.
Christian Friedrich Erndel (born 1683 in Dresden; died 23 January 1767 in Dresden-Neustadt) was a Royal Polish and Electoral Saxon Major-General of the Artillery Corps.
Christian Georg Brügger (11 March 1833, Churwalden – 16 October 1899) was a Swiss botanist and naturalist.
Christian Heinrich Erndel (born 1676 in Dresden; died 17 March 1734 Dresden), was a Royal Polish and Electoral Saxon Personal Physician of August the Strong.
Most sources of knowledge available to early Christians were connected to pagan world-views.
Christine Clayburg (born May 26, 1973, in Paso Robles, California) is an American television meteorologist who also has done some acting, directing and screenwriting.
Christopher William "Chris" Landsea (born February 4, 1965) is an American meteorologist, formerly a research meteorologist with Hurricane Research Division of Atlantic Oceanographic & Meteorological Laboratory at NOAA, and now the Science and Operations Officer at the National Hurricane Center.
Sir Christopher Wren PRS FRS (–) was an English anatomist, astronomer, geometer, and mathematician-physicist, as well as one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history.
The Chrysler Cirrus and its middle-priced variant Dodge Stratus are mid-sized 4-door notchback sedans introduced for the 1995 model year.
Chu Kochen Honors College (abbr. CKHC), is an elite undergraduate college of Zhejiang University.
CIHF-DT (branded on-air as Global Halifax) is the Global owned-and-operated television station, serving Nova Scotia that is licensed to Halifax.
Cinematography (also called Direction of Photography) is the science or art of motion-picture photography by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as film stock.
A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering – the application of planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, and operating infrastructures while protecting the public and environmental health, as well as improving existing infrastructures that have been neglected.
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways.
CLaMS (Chemical Lagrangian Model of the Stratosphere) is a modular chemistry transport model (CTM) system developed at Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany.
Clara Thomas (née McCandless; May 22, 1919 - September 26, 2013) was a Canadian academic.
Clarissa Faye "Clare" Nasir (born 20 June 1970) is an English meteorologist and TV presenter.
The Clarendon School is a historic school building located in the Virginia Square neighborhood of Arlington County, Virginia.
Clarinetania is a place in Greenland, located halfway between Eismitte and the West Camp.
Claros (Κλάρος, Klaros; Clarus) was an ancient Greek sanctuary on the coast of Ionia.
Clarence "Clarrie" Gordon McCue (1927 in Sydney, Australia – 1992) was an Australian meteorologist.
Clas Bjerkander (23 September 1735, Skara – 1 August 1795) was a Swedish meteorologist, botanist, and entomologist.
In the ancient Mediterranean world, the classical compass winds were names for the points of geographic direction and orientation, in association with the winds as conceived of by the ancient Greeks and Romans.
Classical High School, founded in 1843, is a public magnet school in the Providence School District, in Providence, Rhode Island.
Claude Servais Mathias Pouillet (16 February 1790 – 14 June 1868) was a French physicist and a professor of physics at the Sorbonne and member of the French Academy of Sciences (elected 1837).
Claudine Picardet (born Poullet, later Guyton de Morveau) (7 August 1735 – 4 October 1820) was a chemist, mineralogist, meteorologist and scientific translator.
The Clausius–Clapeyron relation, named after Rudolf Clausius and Benoît Paul Émile Clapeyron, is a way of characterizing a discontinuous phase transition between two phases of matter of a single constituent.
Clear Sky Charts (called clocks until 2008-02-29) are web graphics which deliver weather forecasts designed specifically for astronomers.
Clement Lindley Wragge (18 September 185210 December 1922) was a meteorologist born in Stourbridge, Worcestershire, England, but moved to Oakamoor, Staffordshire as a child.
Cleveland Abbe (December 3, 1838 – October 28, 1916) was an American meteorologist and advocate of time zones.
Clifford "Cliff" Mass is a professor of Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Washington.
Clifford J. MacGregor (23 February 1904 - October 1985) was a meteorologist, Arctic explorer and naval aviator.
Climate is the statistics of weather over long periods of time.
Climate change and agriculture are interrelated processes, both of which take place on a global scale.
The Climate Data Analysis Tool (CDAT) is plotting software used in atmospheric sciences and climatology.
The climate of California varies widely, from hot desert to polar, depending on latitude, elevation, and proximity to the coast.
Karachi has an arid climate, albeit a moderate version of this climate.
Minnesota has a continental climate, with hot summers and cold winters.
North Carolina's climate varies from the Atlantic coast in the east to the Appalachian Mountain range in the west.
North Dakota's climate is typical of a continental climate with cold winters and warm-hot summers.
Svalbard is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean.
The climate of the Nordic countries is that of a region in Northern Europe that consists of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden and their associated territories, which include the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Åland.
The climate of the United States varies due to differences in latitude, and a range of geographic features, including mountains and deserts.
The climate of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada is a moderate oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) that borders on a warm-summer Mediterranean climate Csb.
Climatology (from Greek κλίμα, klima, "place, zone"; and -λογία, -logia) or climate science is the scientific study of climate, scientifically defined as weather conditions averaged over a period of time.
In meteorology, a cloud is an aerosol consisting of a visible mass of minute liquid droplets, frozen crystals, or other particles suspended in the atmosphere of a planetary body.
In music a cloud is a sound mass consisting of statistical clouds of microsounds and characterized first by the set of elements used in the texture, secondly density, including rhythmic and pitch density.
A cloud atlas is a pictorial key (or an atlas) to the nomenclature of clouds.
Cosmics Leaving Outdoor Droplets or CLOUD is an experiment being run at CERN by a group of researchers led by Jasper Kirkby to investigate the microphysics between galactic cosmic rays (GCRs) and aerosols under controlled conditions.
Cloud forcing (sometimes described as cloud radiative forcing or cloud radiative effect) is, in meteorology, the difference between the radiation budget components for average cloud conditions and cloud-free conditions.
Nephology (from the Greek word nephos for 'cloud') is the study of clouds and cloud formation.
Coalescence is the process by which two or more droplets, bubbles or particles merge during contact to form a single daughter droplet, bubble or particle.
The Coandă effect is the tendency of a fluid jet to stay attached to a convex surface.
The Coastal-Marine Automated Network (C-MAN) is a meteorological observation network along the coastal United States.
Coats Observatory is Scotland’s oldest public observatory.
Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT) is a government-owned autonomous science and technology university in Kochi, Kerala, India.
Coching Chu or Zhu Kezhen (7 March 1890 – 7 February 1974) was a prominent Chinese meteorologist, geologist and educator.
Colaba is a part of the city of Mumbai, India, and also a Lok Sabha constituency.
Colaba Observatory was an astronomical, timekeeping, geomagnetic and meteorological observatory located on the Island of Colaba, Mumbai (Bombay), India.
The Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL) is a United States Army Corps of Engineers, Engineer Research and Development Center research facility headquartered in Hanover, New Hampshire, that provides scientific and engineering support to the U.S. government and its military with a core emphasis on cold environments.
"Cold Sunday" was a meteorological event which took place on January 17, 1982, when unprecedentedly cold air swept down from Canada and plunged temperatures across much of the United States far below existing all-time record lows.
Cold air damming, or CAD, is a meteorological phenomenon that involves a high-pressure system (anticyclone) accelerating equatorward east of a north-south oriented mountain range due to the formation of a barrier jet behind a cold front associated with the poleward portion of a split upper level trough.
Coleman Bluffs are a loose chain of rock and ice bluffs that trend generally north–south for, situated near the center of the Outback Nunataks, about northwest of Mount Weihaupt, Victoria Land, Antarctica.
The College of Agriculture, Pantnagar, India, is a constituent of Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar.
The University of Nebraska–Lincoln College of Arts and Sciences, also known as A&S, is the liberal arts and sciences college of the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, offering Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) and Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degrees in humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences.
The College of Horticulture, is a constituent college of Kerala Agricultural University, situated in Thrissur of Kerala state in India.
North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University offers 177 Undergraduate, 30 master, and 9 doctoral degrees through its 9 professional colleges.
Colonial American Astronomy can be traced to the time when the English began colonizing in the New World during the sixteenth century.
ColorGraphics Weather Systems was a computer graphics company that pioneered the use of computer graphics for displaying weather forecasts on local television.
Colour states is a system used for quickly showing meteorological conditions.
Columbus Delano, (June 4, 1809 – October 23, 1896) was a lawyer, rancher, banker, statesman and a member of the prominent Delano family.
The Comandante Ferraz Antarctic Station (Estação Antártica Comandante Ferraz) is a permanent Antarctic research station named after the Brazilian Navy Commander Luís Antônio de Carvalho Ferraz, who visited Antarctica many times with the British exploration team and managed to convince his government to create a self-guided Brazilian Antarctic Program.
The Comandante Ferraz Antarctic Station fire was a fire at the Comandante Ferraz Antarctic Station in Antarctica, on 25 February 2012 that killed 2 people and injured another.
Commercial use of space is the provision of goods or services of commercial value by using equipment sent into Earth orbit or outer space.
The Community Collaborative Rain, Hail and Snow Network, or CoCoRaHS, is a network of volunteer weather observers in the United States, Canada and the Bahamas that take daily readings of precipitation and report them to a central data store over the internet.
This is a conversion chart showing how the Dewey Decimal and Library of Congress Classification systems organize resources by concept, in part for the purpose of assigning call numbers.
A compass rose, sometimes called a windrose or Rose of the Winds, is a figure on a compass, map, nautical chart, or monument used to display the orientation of the cardinal directions (north, east, south, and west) and their intermediate points.
A complex system is a system composed of many components which may interact with each other.
Computer simulation is the reproduction of the behavior of a system using a computer to simulate the outcomes of a mathematical model associated with said system.
Conquistadors (from Spanish or Portuguese conquistadores "conquerors") is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense.
Used in a number of sciences, ranging from econometrics to meteorology, consensus forecasts are predictions of the future that are created by combining together several separate forecasts which have often been created using different methodologies.
Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate (COSMIC) is a program designed to provide advances in meteorology, ionospheric research, climatology, and space weather by using GPS satellites in conjunction with low Earth orbiting (LEO) satellites.
Container port design process is a set of correlated practices considered during container port design, aiming to transfer general business mission into detailed design documents for future construction and operation.
A continuous wave or continuous waveform (CW) is an electromagnetic wave of constant amplitude and frequency, almost always a sine wave, that for mathematical analysis is considered to be of infinite duration.
A contour line (also isocline, isopleth, isarithm, or equipotential curve) of a function of two variables is a curve along which the function has a constant value, so that the curve joins points of equal value.
In meteorology, convective available potential energy (CAPE), is the amount of energy a parcel of air would have if lifted a certain distance vertically through the atmosphere.
Convective inhibition (CIN or CINH) is a numerical measure in meteorology that indicates the amount of energy that will prevent an air parcel from rising from the surface to the level of free convection.
In meteorology, convective instability or stability of an air mass refers to its ability to resist vertical motion.
Convective storm detection is the meteorological observation of deep, moist convection (DMC) and consists of detection, monitoring, and short-term prediction.
A convergence zone in meteorology is a region in the atmosphere where two prevailing flows meet and interact, usually resulting in distinctive weather conditions.
Copernicus Airport Wrocław (Port Lotniczy Wrocław im. is an international commercial airport in Wrocław in southwestern Poland. The airport is located southwest of the city centre. It has one runway, two passenger terminals and one cargo terminal.
In physics, the Coriolis force is an inertial force that acts on objects that are in motion relative to a rotating reference frame.
Cornelia Lüdecke (born 25 November 1954) is a German polar researcher and author.
In meteorology, a corona (plural coronae) is an optical phenomenon produced by the diffraction of sunlight or moonlight (or, occasionally, bright starlight or planetlight) by individual small water droplets and sometimes tiny ice crystals of a cloud or on a foggy glass surface.
Cosimo De Giorgi or Arcangelo Cosimo De Giorgi (Lizzanello, 9 February 1842 – Lecce, 22 December 1922) was an Italian scientist.
Craig Allen (born January 25, 1957, Brooklyn, New York) is a meteorologist whose weather reports can be heard weekdays on WCBS Newsradio 880 (880 AM radio) in New York City and internationally at WCBS880.com.
Crawford William Fairbrother (1 December 1936 – 23 November 1986) was a Scottish high jumper.
Crawford is a city in Dawes County, in the northwestern part of the state of Nebraska, in the Great Plains region of the United States.
Creation science or scientific creationism is a branch of creationism that claims to provide scientific support for the Genesis creation narrative in the Book of Genesis and disprove or reexplain the scientific facts, theories and paradigms about geology, cosmology, biological evolution, archeology, history, and linguistics.
A Cricketsonde (Cold Rocket Instrument Carrying Kit sonde) was a CO2 propelled, low-altitude meteorological rocket designed in the early 1960s by Texaco Inc. and the Friez Instrument Division of Bendix Corporation.
The Crocker Land Expedition took place in 1913.
Crometeo is a non-profit association of Croatian amateur meteorologists.
When two particles interact, their mutual cross section is the area transverse to their relative motion within which they must meet in order to scatter from each other.
Cross-country skiing is a form of skiing where skiers rely on their own locomotion to move across snow-covered terrain, rather than using ski lifts or other forms of assistance.
The Crozet Islands (Îles Crozet; or, officially, Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean.
A cryoseism, also known as an ice quake or a frost quake, is a seismic event that may be caused by a sudden cracking action in frozen soil or rock saturated with water or ice.
Cryostasis: Sleep of Reason (Анабиоз: Сон разума) is a psychological horror video game developed by Action Forms for Microsoft Windows.
Crystal Egger is an American meteorologist currently working for KNBC.
The CSI: Trilogy links all three CSI television shows for the very first time in a three-part story.
Cuchlaine Audrey Muriel King (born 1922) is a British geomorphologist known for her work in glaciology and her extensive writings on geography of coasts and beaches.
Cum sole is a Latin phrase meaning with the sun.
In meteorology, a cyclone is a large scale air mass that rotates around a strong center of low atmospheric pressure.
Cyclone Favio was the first known tropical cyclone that passed south of Madagascar to strike Africa as an intense tropical cyclone.
Severe Tropical Cyclone Ofa was considered to be the worst tropical cyclone to affect Polynesia since Cyclone Bebe.
Cyclone Tracy was a tropical cyclone that from Christmas Eve to Christmas Day, 1974, devastated the city of Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia.
The Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (CHMI) (Český hydrometeorologický ústav (ČHMÚ)) is within the Environmental Ministry of the Czech Republic.
Dale Milford (February 18, 1926 – December 26, 1997) was a U.S. Representative from Texas.
Dalkeith High School is a secondary state school located in Dalkeith, Midlothian, Scotland.
Daniel Corbett is an English broadcast meteorologist, who worked for the Met Office and the BBC for many years until May 2011.
Daniel Drake (October 20, 1785 – November 5, 1852) was a pioneering American physician and prolific writer.
Daniel Erik (Eric) Næzén (February 27, 1752, Skövde - December 1, 1808, Umeå), was a Swedish provincial physician, engraver, composer and natural scientist.
The Daniell cell is a type of electrochemical cell invented in 1836 by John Frederic Daniell, a British chemist and meteorologist, and consisted of a copper pot filled with a copper (II) sulfate solution, in which was immersed an unglazed earthenware container filled with sulfuric acid and a zinc electrode.
The Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI; Danmarks Meteorologiske Institut) is the official Danish meteorological institute, administrated by the Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate.
Dark adaptor goggles, also called red adaptation goggles, are used in the field of meteorology and astronomy for adapting the eyes to the dark prior to an observation at night.
Darmstadt is a city in the state of Hesse in Germany, located in the southern part of the Rhine-Main-Area (Frankfurt Metropolitan Region).
Data dredging (also data fishing, data snooping, and '''''p'''''-hacking) is the use of data mining to uncover patterns in data that can be presented as statistically significant, without first devising a specific hypothesis as to the underlying causality.
Data fusion is the process of integrating multiple data sources to produce more consistent, accurate, and useful information than that provided by any individual data source.
DTN, previously known as Telvent DTN, Data Transmission Network and Dataline, is a private company based in Burnsville, Minnesota that specializes in subscription-based services for the analysis and delivery of real-time weather, agricultural, energy, and commodity market information.
Dave Dahl is a meteorologist who works for KSTP-TV in Minnesota.
David Brown (born 18 September 1960) is an Australian meteorologist for Seven News.
Sir David Brunt, KBE, FRS (17 June 1886 – 5 February 1965) was a Welsh meteorologist.
David Charles Cassidy (born August 10, 1945) is an American historian of science and professor emeritus at Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York.
David Campos (born September 28, 1970), is an attorney and former member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors representing San Francisco's District 9 (Bernal Heights, Portola, and the Inner Mission) from 2008 to 2016 when he termed out.
David C. Dowell is American atmospheric scientist recognized for research on tornado structure and dynamics and on tornadogenesis.
David Grisenthwaite from Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom, is an amateur phenological data recorder.
David John Karoly (born 1955) is an Australian atmospheric scientist.
David Lary (born 7 December 1965) is an atmospheric scientist interested in applying computational and information systems to facilitate discovery and decision support in Earth system science.
David Michael Letterman (born April 12, 1947) is an American television host, comedian, writer, and producer.
David McWilliams Ludlum (December 3, 1910 – May 23, 1997) was an American historian, meteorologist, entrepreneur, and author.
David Owen Blanchard is an American meteorologist, photographer, and storm chaser.
David Payne is an American television meteorologist and storm chaser.
David Jonathan Stensrud (born 1961) is an American meteorologist recognized for numerical modeling and forecasting of hazardous synoptic and mesoscale weather and for incorporating new data into models.
David William Titley is a professor of meteorology at Pennsylvania State University and the founding director of their Center for Solutions to Weather and Climate Risk.
David Witzthum (דוד ויצטום; born on January 17, 1948) is an Israeli television presenter and editor and lecturer on German history and culture.
De Proprietatibus Elementorum (English: On the Properties of the Elements) is a Medieval Arabic treatise on geology.
Deborah Howell (January 15, 1941 – January 2, 2010) was a long-time newswoman and editor who served for three years as the ombudsman for The Washington Post.
Debris or débris is rubble, wreckage, ruins, litter and discarded garbage/refuse/trash, scattered remains of something destroyed, discarded, or as in geology, large rock fragments left by a melting glacier etc.
The December 2000 Tuscaloosa tornado was a destructive tornado that hit communities south and east of Tuscaloosa, Alabama on December 16, 2000.
The December 2009 North American blizzard was a powerful nor'easter that formed over the Gulf of Mexico in December 2009, and became a major snowstorm that affected the East Coast of the United States and Canadian Atlantic provinces.
The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) monitors meteorological, oceanographic, and solar-terrestrial physics for the United States Department of Defense.
Definition is a Canadian television game show, which aired on CTV from September 9, 1974 to March 10, 1989, and filmed at its flagship studio of CFTO-TV, Scarborough, Ontario.
The Demidov Prize (Демидовская премия) is a national scientific prize in Russia awarded annually to the members of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
The DEN/ICE Agreements are a series of multilateral treaties that provide for the joint financing of air traffic control, communications, and meteorological services in Greenland, Iceland, and the Faroe Islands for civil aircraft crossing the North Atlantic Ocean above the 45th parallel north.
The Denel Overberg Test Range is a weapons systems testing facility in the Overberg region on the south coast of South Africa, near Arniston, Western Cape.
Denison Olmsted (June 18, 1791May 13, 1859) was an American physicist and astronomer.
The Department of Defense Manned Space Flight Support Office (DDMS) coordinated all United States Department of Defense (DoD) contingency support to United States NASA manned space flight programs.
The Department of the Environment Act establishes Environment Canada as the federal agency in Canada responsible for the preservation and enhancement of the quality of the natural environment.
Derek Brockway (born 29 October 1967) is a Welsh meteorologist.
Destination Gobi is a 1953 American Technicolor World War II film from 20th Century Fox, produced by Stanley Rubin, directed by Robert Wise (his first color feature film), that stars Richard Widmark and Don Taylor.
The Deutscher Wetterdienst or DWD for short, is the German Meteorological Office, based in Offenbach am Main, Germany, which monitors weather and meteorological conditions over Germany and provides weather services for the general public and for nautical, aviational or agricultural purposes.
The Dharma Initiative, also written DHARMA (Department of Heuristics and Research on Material Applications), is a fictional research project featured in the television series Lost.
An exchange on 24 May 1983 between Diana Gould, an English schoolteacher and former Women's Royal Naval Service meteorological officer, and Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was voted in 1999 as one of Britain's most memorable television spots.
Diane Clare "Dianne" Oxberry (born 28 November 1967, Sunderland, Tyne and Wear) is an English broadcaster and weather presenter for the BBC regional news programme North West Tonight.
Richard R. "Dick" Fletcher (September 18, 1942 – February 26, 2008) was a broadcast meteorologist.
Richard D. "Dick" Goddard (born February 24, 1931) is a former American television meteorologist, author, cartoonist, and animal activist.
In optics, a diffraction grating is an optical component with a periodic structure that splits and diffracts light into several beams travelling in different directions.
In meteorology, Dines' compensation states that net mass convergence into a given column of air must be balanced by a net mass divergence from the same column of air.
Dinsmore Alter (March 28, 1888 – September 20, 1968) was an American astronomer, meteorologist, and United States Army officer.
Diori Hamani International Airport is an airport in Niamey, the capital of Niger.
The Directorate General of Civil Aviation or the Directorate General of Civil Aeronautics of Chile (Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil) is the civil aviation authority of Chile.
Dirk Coster (October 5, 1889 – February 12, 1950), was a Dutch physicist.
The British National Antarctic Expedition, 1901–04, generally known as the Discovery Expedition, was the first official British exploration of the Antarctic regions since James Clark Ross's voyage sixty years earlier.
A Discrete Global Grid (DGG) is a tessellation which covers the entire Earth's surface.
DISPERSION21 (also called DISPERSION 2.1) is a local scale atmospheric pollution dispersion model developed by the air quality research unit at Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI), located in Norrköping.
In meteorology, diurnal temperature variation is the variation between a high temperature and a low temperature that occurs during the same day.
Dmitry Aleksandrovich Lachinov (Дмитрий Александрович Лачи́нов) (10 May 1842 – 15 October 1902) was a Russian physicist, electrical engineer, inventor, meteorologist and climatologist.
Donald Edward Kent (September 29, 1917 – March 2, 2010) was an American radio and television weather forecaster for several decades in the Boston, Massachusetts area.
Donald "Don" Webster (born 1939) is a retired television host, weather forecaster, and station manager who is best known as the host of the nationally syndicated music program Upbeat and the longtime weatherman for Cleveland, Ohio ABC affiliate WEWS-TV 5.
Donald Kenneth Woods (February 5, 1928 – June 12, 2012) was an American meteorologist and cartoonist.
Donald Hewlett (30 August 19204 June 2011) was an English actor, born in Northenden, Manchester, Lancashire, and best known for his sitcom roles as Colonel Charles Reynolds in It Ain't Half Hot Mum and Lord Meldrum in You Rang, M'Lord?, both written by Jimmy Perry and David Croft.
Donald Norton Yates (November 25, 1909 – August 28, 1993) was the US Army Air Force officer who helped select June 6, 1944 as the date for D-Day, the Allied invasion of Europe, in his capacity as chief meteorologist on General Dwight D. Eisenhower's staff.
Donald W. Burgess (born 1947) is an American meteorologist who has made important contributions to understanding of severe convective storms, particularly tornadoes, radar observations and techniques, as well as to training other meteorologists.
Donna Deegan (born February 28, 1961) is an American author, breast cancer awareness advocate, and former weekday television anchor on First Coast News at WTLV/WJXX in Jacksonville, Florida, United States.
A Doppler radar is a specialized radar that uses the Doppler effect to produce velocity data about objects at a distance.
Double dip may refer to:;Food.
Double mass analysis is a commonly used data analysis approach for investigating the behaviour of records made of hydrological or meteorological data at a number of locations.
Doug Adair (born May 29, 1929, in Xenia, Ohio) is an American television news anchor and journalist who has worked in the Cleveland, Columbus, and Dayton, Ohio markets.
Doug Hill is a retired Chief Meteorologist for ABC 7 News/WJLA-TV in Washington, D.C. He was the meteorologist for ABC 7 News at Noon, 4, 5, and 6.
Douglas Seymour Mackiernan (April 25, 1913 – April 29, 1950) was the first officer of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to be killed in the line of duty.
Downscaling is any procedure to infer high-resolution information from low-resolution variables.
The Dream Pool Essays or Dream Torrent Essays (Pinyin: Mèng Xī Bǐ Tán; Wade-Giles: Meng⁴ Hsi¹ Pi³-t'an²; Chinese: 夢溪筆談／梦溪笔谈) was an extensive book written by the Han Chinese polymath, genius, scientist and statesman Shen Kuo (1031-1095) by 1088 AD, during the Song dynasty (960-1279) of China.
Soviet and Russian manned drifting ice stations are research stations built on the ice of the high latitudes of the Arctic Ocean.
A drought is a period of below-average precipitation in a given region, resulting in prolonged shortages in the water supply, whether atmospheric, surface water or ground water.
A dry punch is meteorological slang for a synoptic scale or mesoscale process.
Dudley College of Technology is a further and higher education college based in Dudley, England.
Duje Bonačić (born 10 April 1929) is a retired Croatian rower who won a gold medal in the coxless four event at the 1952 Summer Olympics.
Duke Friedrich Paul Wilhelm of Württemberg (Friedrich Paul Wilhelm, Herzog von Württemberg; 25 June 1797, Bad Carlsruhe, Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia – 25 November 1860, Mergentheim, Kingdom of Württemberg) was a member of the House of Württemberg and a Duke of Württemberg.
Dumfries (possibly from Dùn Phris) is a market town and former royal burgh within the Dumfries and Galloway council area of Scotland, United Kingdom.
Dunedin Academic Press Ltd (Dunedin) is a small independent academic publisher in Edinburgh, Scotland which publishes mainly books for the tertiary (undergraduate) level and periodically for postgraduate/research audiences.
The Durham University Observatory is a weather observatory owned and operated by the University of Durham.
Dylan Marie Dreyer (born August 2, 1981) is an American television meteorologist working for NBC News.
In mathematics, a dynamical system is a system in which a function describes the time dependence of a point in a geometrical space.
Dynamical systems theory is an area of mathematics used to describe the behavior of the complex dynamical systems, usually by employing differential equations or difference equations.
Dziura Nunatak is an ice-free nunatak, high, located northwest of Mount Remington in the northwestern extremity of the Helliwell Hills of Victoria Land, Antarctica.
Emrys George Bowen FRGS, FSA, also known as E. G. Bowen (28 December 1900 – 8 November 1983), was an internationally renowned geographer with a particular interest in the physical geography and social geography of his native Wales.
Elsie Ruth Anderson (never married; 23 June 1907 Newport, Rhode Island – 24 November 1989 Boston, Massachusetts) was an American musicologist, meteorologist, and editor.
Early flying machines include all forms of aircraft studied or constructed before the development of the modern aeroplane by 1910.
The early life of Joseph Stalin covers the life of Stalin from his birth on 6 December (18 December, New Style) 1878 until the October Revolution on 25 October 1917 (7 November).
The early modern history of the Old Swiss Confederacy (Eidgenossenschaft, also known as the "Swiss Republic" or Republica Helvetiorum) and its constituent Thirteen Cantons encompasses the time of the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) until the French invasion of 1798.
Earth observation satellites are satellites specifically designed for Earth observation from orbit, similar to spy satellites but intended for non-military uses such as environmental monitoring, meteorology, map making etc.
Earth rainfall climatology Is the study of rainfall, a sub-field of Meteorology.
Earth science or geoscience is a widely embraced term for the fields of natural science related to the planet Earth.
Earth sciences graphics software is a plotting and image processing software used in atmospheric sciences, meteorology, climatology, oceanography and other Earth science disciplines.
Earth system science (ESS) is the application of systems science to the Earth sciences.
The East Asian rainy season, commonly called the plum rain (затяжные), is caused by precipitation along a persistent stationary front known as the Mei-Yu front for nearly two months during the late spring and early summer between eastern Russia, China, Taiwan, Korea, and Japan.
The East of England is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
Eastern Air Lines Flight 66 was a regularly scheduled flight from New Orleans to New York City that crashed on June 24, 1975 while on approach to New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing 113 of the 124 people on board.
The Eötvös effect is the change in perceived gravitational force caused by the change in centrifugal acceleration resulting from eastbound or westbound velocity.
Ebenezer Pearson Dorr (13 March 1817 – 29 March 1881) was a merchant sailor, insurance executive, and meteorologist.
Eboni Deon is an on-camera meteorologist for WFTV-TV in Orlando, Florida.
The École et Observatoire des Sciences de la Terre (School and Observatory for Earth Sciences) is an institution under the supervisory authority of the University of Strasbourg and the CNRS (French National Center for Scientific Research) in charge of education, research, observation in Earth Science and its diffusion.
Ecological light pollution is the effect of artificial light on individual organisms and on the structure of ecosystems as a whole.
Edward M. "Eddie" Layton (October 10, 1925 – December 26, 2004) played the organ at old Yankee Stadium for nearly 40 years, earning him membership in the New York Sports Hall of Fame.
The eddy covariance (also known as eddy correlation and eddy flux) technique is a key atmospheric measurement technique to measure and calculate vertical turbulent fluxes within atmospheric boundary layers.
Edgar William Woolard (January 6, 1899 – June 17, 1978) was an American meteorologist, mathematician and planetary scientist.
The Edinburgh Astronomical Institution was founded in 1811 and wound up in 1847.
Edith Elizabeth Farkas (13 October 1921 – 3 February 1993) was an Antarctic researcher, best known for being the first Hungarian woman and also the first New Zealand MetService female staff member to set foot in Antarctica.
Edmond (or Edmund) Halley, FRS (–) was an English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist.
Edmond Pourchot (1651, Poilly – 1734, Paris) was a university professor noted for his controversial advocacy of Cartesianism (and the Cartesian theory of mechanics) in place of Aristotelianism.
Edmund Dwen Gill (11 December 1908 – 13 July 1986) was a prolific Australian scientist specialising in geology, museology, palaeontology and geomorphology.
Edmund Rosales is a Filipino astronomer and meteorologist and a former president of the Philippine Astronomical Society and Cofounder of The Astronomical League of the Philippines.
Eduard Vogel (7 March 1829 – February 1856) was a German explorer in Central Africa.
Edward Claudius Herrick (February 24, 1811 – June 11, 1862) was an American librarian and scientist.
Edward Everett Hayden (April 14, 1858 – November 17, 1932) was an American naval officer, inventor and meteorologist.
Edward John White (8 December 1831 – 2 August 1913) was an English-born meteorologist and astronomer, president of the Royal Society of Victoria in 1902.
Edward Joseph Lowe FRS FGS FRAS FLS (11 November 1825 – 10 March 1900) was a renowned English botanist, meteorologist and astronomer, who published papers on a wide variety of subjects, including meteorology, luminous meteors, sunspots, the zodiacal light, meteorological observations during the eclipse of 1860 (at Fuente del Mar, near Santander), conchology, ferns, grasses and other plants.
Edward Norton Lorenz (May 23, 1917 – April 16, 2008) was an American mathematician, meteorologist, and a pioneer of chaos theory.
Edward Francis Pigot (18 September 1858 – 22 May 1929) was an Irish-born Australian Jesuit priest, seismologist and astronomer.
Edward R. Foreman (1808–1885) was an American meteorologist.
General Sir Edward Sabine (14 October 1788 – 26 June 1883) was an Irish astronomer, geophysicist, ornithologist, explorer, soldier and the 30th President of the Royal Society.
Edward William Brayley FRS (1801 – 1 February 1870) was an English geographer, librarian, and science author.
Edwin Kessler III (December 2, 1928 – February 21, 2017) was an American atmospheric scientist who oversaw the development of Doppler weather radar and was the first director of the National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL).
The Eerste Nederlandse Systematisch Ingerichte Encyclopaedie (abbr. E.N.S.I.E., "First Dutch Systematically Arranged Encyclopaedia"), is a Dutch language encyclopaedia in ten volumes of which the first volume appeared in 1946 and the last part, the alphabetical lexicon, in 1952.
The effects of Hurricane Irene in New Jersey in 2011 included about $1 billion in damage to 200,000 homes and buildings.
Effie M. Morrissey (now Ernestina-Morrissey) was a schooner skippered by Robert Bartlett that made many scientific expeditions to the Arctic, sponsored by American museums, the Explorers Club and the National Geographic Society.
Egain forecasting is a method of controlling building heating by calculating demand for heating energy that should be supplied to the building in each time unit.
The Eiffel Tower (tour Eiffel) is a wrought iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France.
Elias Mariolopoulos (1900–1991) was a Greek meteorologist.
Elita A. Loresca (born June 28, 1977), is a Filipino-American newscaster.
Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz (née Cary) (December 5, 1822 – June 27, 1907) was an American educator, and the co-founder and first president of Radcliffe College.
Elizabeth Frances Coxen née Isaac (1825–1906) was an Australian naturalist and meteorologist.
Elizabeth Klarer (née Wollatt; 1 July 1910 – February 1994) was a South African who claimed to have been contacted by extraterrestrials between 1954 and 1963.
Ellen Marx (born Ellen Pinkus: 24 March 1921 – 11 September 2008) was a human rights activist.
Elliot Abrams (born May 31, 1947), a meteorologist, is a native of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Ellsworth Scientific Station (Estación Científica Ellsworth, or simply Estación Ellsworth or Base Ellsworth) was a permanent, all year-round originally American, then Argentine Antarctic scientific research station named after American polar explorer Lincoln Ellsworth.
Emil Racoviță (also spelled Racovitza; 15 November 1868 – 17 November 1947) was a Romanian biologist, zoologist, speleologist, explorer of Antarctica and the first biologist in the world to study the arctic life.
An emission intensity (also carbon intensity, C.I.) is the emission rate of a given pollutant relative to the intensity of a specific activity, or an industrial production process; for example grams of carbon dioxide released per megajoule of energy produced, or the ratio of greenhouse gas emissions produced to gross domestic product (GDP).
Emmanuel Liais (15 February 1826–5 March 1900) was a French astronomer, botanist and explorer who spent many years in Brazil.
eNCA (also referred to as eNews Channel Africa) is a 24-hour television news broadcaster, owned by e.tv, focusing on South African and African stories.
The Encyclopædia Edinensis was a six-volume general encyclopedia published in Edinburgh in 1827, and intended for a popular audience.
Various newspapers, organisations and individuals endorsed parties or individual candidates for the 2017 United Kingdom general election.
In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.
Energy technology is an interdisciplinary engineering science having to do with the efficient, safe, environmentally friendly and economical extraction, conversion, transportation, storage and use of energy, targeted towards yielding high efficiency whilst skirting side effects on humans, nature and the environment.
Engberg Bluff is a bold ice-covered bluff between the mouths of Argonaut Glacier and Meander Glacier at the point where these tributaries enter the south part of Mariner Glacier, in Victoria Land.
Engineering Installation, better known as EI, is a functionary of the United States Air Force that provides the engineering and installation of telecommunications into permanent facilities.
The England and Wales Precipitation (EWP) record is a meteorological dataset which was originally published in the journal British Rainfall in 1931 and updated in a greatly revised form by a number of climatologists including Janice Lough, Tom Wigley and Phil Jones during the 1970s and 1980s.
The English Electric Canberra is a British first-generation jet-powered medium bomber that was manufactured during the 1950s.
The Enhanced Fujita scale (EF-Scale) rates the intensity of tornadoes in the United States and Canada based on the damage they cause.
Environmental engineering system is the branch of engineering concerned with the application of scientific and engineering principles for protection of human populations from the effects of adverse environmental factors; protection of environments, both local and global, from potentially deleterious effects of natural and human activities; and improvement of environmental quality.
Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical, biological and information sciences (including ecology, biology, physics, chemistry, plant science, zoology, mineralogy, oceanology, limnology, soil science, geology and physical geography (geodesy), and atmospheric science) to the study of the environment, and the solution of environmental problems.
The Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA) was a United States Federal executive agency created in 1965 as part of a reorganization of the United States Department of Commerce.
The Environmental Technology Laboratory (ETL) was a laboratory in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)/Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR).
The Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) is a key core capability in NASA’s Earth Science Data Systems Program.
In meteorology, the equilibrium level (EL), or level of neutral buoyancy (LNB), or limit of convection (LOC), is the height at which a rising parcel of air is at the same temperature as its environment.
Equivalent potential temperature, commonly referred to as theta-e \left(\theta_e \right), is a quantity that is conserved during changes to an air parcel's pressure (that is, during vertical motions in the atmosphere), even if water vapor condenses during that pressure change.
Eric Arthur Walker (April 29, 1910 – February 17, 1995) was president of the Pennsylvania State University from 1956 to 1970 and a founding member of the National Academy of Engineering.
Eric Thomas Eady (5 September 1915 – 26 March 1966) was a British meteorology researcher and author of the Eady Model of baroclinic instability, modelling baroclinic generation of weather systems.
Eric Guilyardi is a climate scientist, professor in the department of meteorology at the University of Reading and directeur de recherche CNRS at LOCEAN at Institute Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL) in Paris, France.
Eric Holthaus (born 1981) is a meteorologist who works for Slate, and former columnist for the Wall Street Journal who is known for his controversial mentions of global climate change.
Eric Michael Nguyen (January 2, 1978 – September 9, 2007) was an American professional storm chaser, meteorologist, and photographer from Keller, Texas, United States.
Erica Alicia Grow (born c. 1980) is an American meteorologist and television reporter currently working with WNBC-TV in New York City, NY.
Erik Edlund (March 14, 1819 in Närke Province – August 19, 1888 in Stockholm) was a Swedish physicist.
Erik Nels Rasmussen (born January 27, 1957) is an American meteorologist and leading expert on mesoscale meteorology, severe convective storms, forecasting of storms, and tornadogenesis.
Erik Herbert Palmén (31 August 1898 – 19 March 1985) was Finnish meteorologist, born in Vaasa.
Ernest Gold CB DSO OBE FRS (24 July 1881 – 30 January 1976) was a British meteorologist.
Ernest Harry Vestine (May 9, 1906 – July 18, 1968) was an American geophysicist and meteorologist.
Ernest L. Martin (April 20, 1932 – January 2002) was a meteorologist, minister in the Worldwide Church of God and author on Biblical topics.
Ernst Erhard Friedrich Wilhelm Schmid (22 May 1815 in Hildburghausen – 16 February 1885 in Jena) was a German paleontologist.
Ernst Friedrich Wilhelm Klinkerfues (29 March 1827 in Hofgeismar – 28 January 1884 in Göttingen) was a German astronomer.
Ernst Mohr was a professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Wuppertal.
Ernst August Wilhelm Steinhoff (February 11, 1908 – December 2, 1987) was a rocket scientist and member of the "von Braun rocket group", at the Peenemünde Army Research Center (1939-1945).
Erving Goffman (11 June 1922 – 19 November 1982) was a Canadian-American sociologist and writer, considered by some "the most influential American sociologist of the twentieth century".
--> The School of Sagres, also called Court of Sagres (in Portuguese Escola de Sagres) according to some historians was a group of scientific Portuguese personalities and techniques related to ocean navigation of the fifteenth century, formed around the infant Enrique, nicknamed '' the Navigator '' in Sagres near Cape St. Vincent, the southwestern end of the Iberian Peninsula, in the Algarve.
ESdat is environmental data management, analysis and reporting software for environmental and groundwater data.
École Secondaire Esquimalt High School (or "EHS") is a high school located in Esquimalt, a township located west of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.
ESSA-9, also known as TOS-G, was a meteorological satellite.
The Estonian Weather Service (Riigi Ilmateenistus) is the Estonian national meteorological service.
A cloud étage is a meteorological term used to delimit any one of three main altitude levels in the troposphere where certain cloud types usually form.
A eudiometer is a laboratory device that measures the change in volume of a gas mixture following a physical or chemical change.
Eudoxus of Cnidus (Εὔδοξος ὁ Κνίδιος, Eúdoxos ho Knídios) was an ancient Greek astronomer, mathematician, scholar, and student of Archytas and Plato.
Eugène Lafont, S.J. (26 March 1837 in Mons, Hainaut, Belgium – 10 May 1908 in Darjeeling, British India), was a Belgian Jesuit priest, who became a missionary in India, where he became a noted scientist and the founder of the first Scientific Society in India.
Eugen von Boeck (July 13, 1823 – January 31, 1886) was a German educator and scientist who lived in Chile, Peru and Bolivia sending and publishing the results of his research in Europe during the second half of the 19th century.
Eugenia Kalnay (born 1 October 1942) is an Argentine meteorologist and a Distinguished University Professor of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, which is part of the University of Maryland College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences at the University of Maryland, College Park in the United States.
Eugenio Martín Rubio (November 14, 1923 Madrid, Spain - February 21, 2016 Alicante, Spain) was a Spanish meteorologist.
EUMETNET is a network of 31 European National Meteorological Services based in Brussels, Belgium.
The era of European and American voyages of scientific exploration followed the Age of Discovery and were inspired by a new confidence in science and reason that arose in the Age of Enlightenment.
The European Climate Assessment and Dataset (ECA&D) is a database of daily meteorological station observations across Europe and is gradually being extended to countries in the Middle East and North Africa.
The European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) is an intergovernmental organisation created through an international convention agreed by a current total of 30 European Member States: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom.
The European Severe Storms Laboratory (ESSL) started as an informal network of European scientists with the goal to advance research on severe convective storms and extreme weather events on a European level and can be seen as the European equivalent to the National Severe Storms Laboratory.
The European Storm Forecast Experiment, known as ESTOFEX, is an initiative of a team of European meteorologists, and students in meteorology founded in 2002.
Euskalmet (in basque language: Euskal Meteorologia Agentzia, english language: Basque Agency of Meteorology) is the Basque Service of Meteorology, established in 1990.
Evelyn Cusack (born July 22, 1964) is Head of Forecasting at Met Éireann, having worked there since 1981 and also served as a well known RTÉ weather presenter since 1988.
Everest: Beyond the Limit is a Discovery Channel reality television series about yearly attempts to summit Mount Everest organized and led by New Zealander Russell Brice.
An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis.
Experiments and Observations on Electricity is a mid-eighteenth century book consisting of letters from Benjamin Franklin.
The planet Mars has been explored remotely by spacecraft.
EyeOpener is an American syndicated morning news program produced by Tribune Broadcasting that premiered on May 9, 2011 and ended on June 21, 2017.
Ezekiel Stone Wiggins (December 4, 1839 – August 14, 1910) was a Canadian weather and earthquake predictor known as the "Ottawa Prophet".
The Fairbanks Museum and Planetarium is a combination museum and planetarium located in St. Johnsbury, Vermont.
The Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II is a single-seat, twin turbofan engine, straight wing jet aircraft developed by Fairchild-Republic for the United States Air Force (USAF).
The Falkenberg Mast is a 99m guyed tower for meteorological measurements.
Family Guy is an American animated sitcom created by Seth MacFarlane for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
Félix Chemla Lamèch (1894 – 1962) was a French meteorologist and selenographer.
The February 25–27, 2010 North American blizzard (also known as the "Snowicane") was a winter storm and severe weather event that occurred in the Mid-Atlantic and New England regions of the United States between February 24–26, 2010.
The Federal Center for Technological Education "Celso Suckow da Fonseca", also known as Federal Center for Technological Education of Rio de Janeiro (Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica Celso Suckow da Fonseca or Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica do Rio de Janeiro, CEFET/RJ) is one of the most traditional Brazilian federal educational institution subordinated to the Brazilian Ministry of Education.
The Federal Council of Engineering and Agronomy (Confea) is a federal public authority instituted by Decree 23,569 of December 11, 1933, promulgated by the then President of the Republic, Getúlio Vargas.
The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro or University of Brazil (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, UFRJ or Universidade do Brasil) is a public university in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Federal University of Santa Maria (Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, UFSM) is a Brazilian public university located in Santa Maria, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, funded by the federal government of Brazil.
Federico Craveri (Turin, 1815 – Bra, 1890) was an Italian explorer, ethnographer, geologist, meteorologist and naturalist noted for his studies in Mexico.
Felicity Ann Dawn Aston is an English explorer and former climate scientist.
Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV), also known as feline infectious enteritis, feline parvoviral enteritis, feline distemper, feline ataxia, or cat plague, is a viral infection affecting cats, both domesticated and wild feline species.
Felix Maria von Exner-Ewarten (23 August 1876 in Vienna – 7 February 1930, Vienna) was an Austrian meteorologist and geophysicist.
The Felixstowe F.4 Fury (serial N123), also known as the Porte Super-Baby, was a large British, five-engined triplane flying-boat designed by John Cyril Porte at the Seaplane Experimental Station, Felixstowe, inspired by the Wanamaker Triplane/Curtiss Model T. At the time the Fury was the largest seaplane in the world, the largest British aircraft, and the first aircraft controlled successfully by servo-assisted means.
Fēngyún, abbreviated FY, are China's weather satellites.
Fernand Courty (11 June 1862 – 12 October 1921) was a French astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets.
Ferret is an interactive computer visualization and analysis environment designed to meet the needs of oceanographers and meteorologists analyzing large and complex gridded data sets.
The fetch, also called the fetch length, is the length of water over which a given wind has blown.
The Fichtelberg is a mountain with two main peaks in the middle of the Ore Mountains in the east German state of Saxony, near the Czech border.
The "figurative system of human knowledge", sometimes known as the tree of Diderot and d'Alembert, was a tree developed to represent the structure of knowledge itself, produced for the Encyclopédie by Jean le Rond d'Alembert and Denis Diderot.
Finn Adolf Erik Johan Malmgren (1895 – June 1928) was a Swedish meteorologist and Arctic explorer.
The Finnish Meteorological Institute (Ilmatieteen laitos, Meteorologiska institutet, or simply FMI) is the government agency responsible for gathering and reporting weather data and forecasts in Finland.
The First Serbian Observatory is located in Belgrade, in 8, Bulevar oslobođenja, and it has the status of a cultural monument of exceptional importance.
Fisheries science is the academic discipline of managing and understanding fisheries.
A fisheye lens is an ultra wide-angle lens that produces strong visual distortion intended to create a wide panoramic or hemispherical image.
The flash flood guidance system (FFGS) was designed and developed by the Hydrologic Research Center a non-profit public-benefit corporation located in of San Diego, CA, US, for use by meteorological and hydrologic forecasters throughout the world.
A flash flood watch (SAME code: FFA; also referred as a "green box" by meteorologists) is issued by the National Weather Service when conditions are favorable for flash flooding in flood-prone areas, usually when grounds are already saturated from recent rains, or when upcoming rains will have the potential to cause a flash flood.
Fletcher's Ice Island or T-3 was an iceberg discovered by U.S. Air Force Colonel Joseph O. Fletcher.
In aviation and aviation meteorology, a flight level (FL) is defined as a vertical altitude at standard pressure, nominally expressed in hundreds of feet.
The Flight Meteorologist insignia is a military badge decoration of the United States Navy which is issued to officers of the Restricted Line who are commissioned as weather and meteorology specialists.
Australian rivers have been subject to devastating floods in New South Wales, recorded since colonisation.
Florence "Flossie" van Straten (1913–1992) was an aerological engineer known for advancing the science of naval meteorology during and after World War II.
The College of Arts and Sciences, the largest of the 16 colleges at Florida State University, contains the majors of nearly 11,000 students and is made up of 18 departments, nine interdisciplinary programs and 11 centers and institutes.
Floyd Glenn Lounsbury (April 25, 1914 – May 14, 1998) was an American linguist, anthropologist and Mayanist scholar and epigrapher, best known for his work on linguistic and cultural systems of a variety of North and South American languages.
In physics and engineering, fluid dynamics is a subdiscipline of fluid mechanics that describes the flow of fluids - liquids and gases.
Fluid mechanics is a branch of physics concerned with the mechanics of fluids (liquids, gases, and plasmas) and the forces on them.
A föhn or foehn is a type of dry, warm, down-slope wind that occurs in the lee (downwind side) of a mountain range.
* In railroad slang, an engineer.
The food industry is a complex, global collective of diverse businesses that supplies most of the food consumed by the world population.
Forecast skill (or skill score, forecast skill, prediction skill), in the fields of forecasting and prediction, is any measure of the accuracy and/or degree of association of prediction to an observation or estimate of the actual value of what is being predicted (formally, the predictand).
The Forecast Systems Laboratory (FSL) was a meteorological research and development laboratory in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)/Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR).
Forecasting is the process of making predictions of the future based on past and present data and most commonly by analysis of trends.
The Bahamas has strong bilateral relationships with the United Kingdom, represented by a High Commissioner in London.
Forensic meteorology is meteorology, the scientific study of weather, applied to the process of reconstructing weather events for a certain time and location.
Forest ecology is the scientific study of the interrelated patterns, processes, flora, fauna and ecosystems in forests.
Forest Hill Community High School (FHCHS) also known as Forest Hill or The Hill, is a coeducational public high school in West Palm Beach, Florida with an enrollment of almost 2,000 students.
Fort Atkinson was the first United States Army post to be established west of the Missouri River in the unorganized region of the Louisiana Purchase of the United States.
Fort Gibson is a historic military site located next to the present day city of Fort Gibson, in Muskogee County Oklahoma.
Foundation Cearense for Meteorology and Water Resources - FUNCEME (Portuguese: Fundação Cearense de Meteorologia e Recursos Hídricos), is a foundation run by the government of Ceará, which conducts research and information about meteorology and water resources of the state with headquarters in Fortaleza.
Fox & Friends is a daily morning conservative news/talk program that airs on Fox News Channel, hosted by Steve Doocy, Ainsley Earhardt, and Brian Kilmeade.
Dominique François Jean Arago (Domènec Francesc Joan Aragó), known simply as François Arago (Catalan: Francesc Aragó) (26 February 17862 October 1853), was a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the carbonari and politician.
Francesco Denza (7 June 1834 – 14 December 1894) was an Italian meteorologist and astronomer.
Rear Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort, KCB, FRS, FRGS, FRAS, MRIA (27 May 1774 – 17 December 1857) was an Irish hydrographer and officer in the Royal Navy.
Francis Patton Bretherton (born July 6, 1935) is an applied mathematician and a professor emeritus of the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.
Sir Francis Galton, FRS (16 February 1822 – 17 January 1911) was an English Victorian era statistician, progressive, polymath, sociologist, psychologist, anthropologist, eugenicist, tropical explorer, geographer, inventor, meteorologist, proto-geneticist, and psychometrician.
Francis John Welsh Whipple (17 March 1876 – 25 September 1943) was an English mathematician and meteorologist.
Sir Francis Ronalds FRS (21 February 1788 – 8 August 1873) was an English scientist and inventor, and arguably the first electrical engineer.
Francisco José de Caldas (October 4, 1768 – October 28, 1816) was a Colombian lawyer, military engineer, self-taught naturalist, mathematician, geographer and inventor (he created the first hypsometer), who was executed by orders of Pablo Morillo during the Spanish American Reconquista for being a forerunner of the fight for the independence of New Granada (modern day Colombia).
Franklyn Field (born March 30, 1923), best known as Dr.
Frank Marzullo is an AMS seal meteorologist for WXIX-TV, the Fox network affiliate in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Frank Pasquill FRS (8 September 1914 – 15 October 1994) was an English meteorologist at the Meteorological Office who worked throughout his career in the field of atmospheric diffusion and micrometeorology.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
Frankfurt (Oder) (also Frankfurt an der Oder, abbreviated Frankfurt a. d. Oder, Frankfurt a. d. O., Frankf., 'Frankfurt on the Oder') is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, located on the Oder River, on the German-Polish border directly opposite the town of Słubice, which was part of Frankfurt until 1945.
František Josef Studnička (27 June 1836, Soběslav, Bohemia – 21 February 1903, Prague, Bohemia) was a Czech mathematician and popular pedagogue at Charles University in Prague.
Franz Karl Achard (April 28, 1753 – April 20, 1821) was a German (Prussian) chemist, physicist and biologist.
Franz Emil Melde (March 11, 1832 in Großenlüder near Fulda – March 17, 1901 in Marburg) was a German physicist and professor.
Frederick Talbot (born 17 December 1949) is a British former television presenter.
Fredric William Taylor is a British physicist and academic.
Frederick Carr is a meteorologist who is president of the American Meteorological Society.
Fred Weldon Leslie is an American scientist who flew on the NASA STS-73 Space Shuttle mission as a payload specialist.
The Free University of Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin, often abbreviated as FU Berlin or simply FU) is a research university located in Berlin, Germany.
The Freese-Notis Weather company, commonly known as Freese-Notis, is a weather forecasting corporation.
The freezing level, or 0 °C (zero-degree) isotherm, represents the altitude in which the temperature is at 0 °C (the freezing point of water) in a free atmosphere (i.e. allowing reflection of the sun by snow, etc.). Any given measure is valid for only a short period of time, often less than a day.
The French Air Force (Armée de l'Air Française), literally Aerial Army) is the air force of the French Armed Forces. It was formed in 1909 as the Service Aéronautique, a service arm of the French Army, then was made an independent military arm in 1934. The number of aircraft in service with the French Air Force varies depending on source, however sources from the French Ministry of Defence give a figure of 658 aircraft in 2014. The French Air Force has 241 combat aircraft in service, with the majority being 133 Dassault Mirage 2000 and 108 Dassault Rafale. As of early 2017, the French Air Force employs a total of 41,160 regular personnel. The reserve element of the air force consisted of 5,187 personnel of the Operational Reserve. The Chief of Staff of the French Air Force (CEMAA) is a direct subordinate of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA).
The French Federation of Speleology (Fédération Française de Spéléologie, FFS), is a French organisation that represents all persons practicing or studying caving and canyoning and promotes the study and conservation of caves.
The French Southern and Antarctic Lands (Terres australes et antarctiques françaises, TAAF) is an overseas territory (Territoire d'outre-mer or TOM) of France.
Fresno (Spanish for "ash tree") is a city in California, United States, and the county seat of Fresno County.
Fridtjof Nansen (10 October 1861 – 13 May 1930) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.
Friedrich Hopfner (28 October 1881 – 5 September 1949) was an Austrian geodesist, geophysicist and planetary scientist.
Friedrich Simony (30 November 1813, Hrochowteinitz – 20 July 1896, Sankt Gallen) was an Austrian geographer and Alpine researcher.
Fritz Coleman (born May 27, 1948 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is a weathercaster for KNBC-TV in Los Angeles, California.
Fritz Kahn (29 September 1888 – 14 January 1968) was a German Jewish physician who published popular science books and is known for his illustrations, which pioneered infographics.
Frontolysis in meteorology, is the dissipation or weakening of an atmospheric front.
Fugro N.V. is a Dutch multinational public company headquartered in Leidschendam, the Netherlands, that provides geotechnical, survey, subsea, and geoscience services for clients, typically oil and gas, telecommunications cable, and infrastructure companies.
The Fujita scale (F-Scale), or Fujita–Pearson scale (FPP scale), is a scale for rating tornado intensity, based primarily on the damage tornadoes inflict on human-built structures and vegetation.
A fuzzy concept is a concept of which the boundaries of application can vary considerably according to context or conditions, instead of being fixed once and for all.
Sir Geoffrey Ingram Taylor OM (7 March 1886 – 27 June 1975) was a British physicist and mathematician, and a major figure in fluid dynamics and wave theory.
Gordon Miller Bourne Dobson FRS (25 February 1889 – 11 March 1975) was a British physicist and meteorologist who did important work on ozone.
Gail Ashley, née Mowry, (born 29 January 1941) is an American sedimentologist.
Gannon University is a private, co-educational Catholic university in Erie, Pennsylvania.
Garmendia is the surname of a noble family of the Basque Country region of Guipuzcoa, in Spain.
Gary Archibald is a Canadian meteorologist, journalist and television anchor.
Gary England (born October 3, 1939) is the former chief meteorologist for KWTV (channel 9), the CBS-affiliated television station in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
The Gas attacks at Wulverghem in the municipality of Heuvelland, were two German cloud gas attacks during the First World War on British troops near Ypres in the Belgian province of West Flanders.
Gaston Tissandier (November 21, 1843 – August 30, 1899) was a French chemist, meteorologist, aviator and editor.
Gösta Hjalmar Liljequist (1914-1995) was a Swedish meteorologist.
Günther Schütz (17 April 1912 – 1991) was a German citizen who performed a mission for German Intelligence (Abwehr) in World War II, as part of Britain's Double Cross System.
Gene Rayburn (December 22, 1917 – November 29, 1999) was an American radio and television personality.
GEOBASE is a database, multidisciplinary in scope, which indexes bibliographic information and abstracts for the Geographical, Earth, and Ecological sciences, published by Engineering Information, a subsidiary of Elsevier.
Geoff Fox (born July 26, 1950) is an American television broadcast meteorologist with a career spanning over 30 years.
A geographer is a scholar whose area of study is geography, the study of Earth's natural environment and human society.
Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth.
Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.
Geomatics (including geomatics engineering), also known as surveying engineering or geospatial science (including geospatial engineering and geospatial technology), is the discipline of gathering, storing, processing, and delivering geographic information or spatially referenced information.
Geophysics is a subject of natural science concerned with the physical processes and physical properties of the Earth and its surrounding space environment, and the use of quantitative methods for their analysis.
Georg Balthazar von Neumayer (21 June 1826 – 24 May 1909), was a German polar explorer and scientist who was a proponent of the idea of international cooperation for meteorology and scientific observation.
George Frederick Ainsworth (20 June 1878 – 11 October 1950) was an Australian meteorologist, public servant and businessman who headed one of the component parts of Douglas Mawson’s Australasian Antarctic Expedition (1911–1914).
George Eric Deacon Alcock, MBE (28 August 1912 Peterborough, Northamptonshire– 15 December 2000) was an English astronomer.
George Aubourne Clarke (1879 – 13 February 1949) was a Scottish meteorologist, best known for his photographs of cloud types.
George Bentley (7 June 1828 – 29 May 1895) was a 19th-century English publisher based in London.
George Cressman (Oct. 7, 1919 – April 17, 2008) was the National Weather Service director who applied computers to meteorology and helped to change weather forecasting into a codified science.
George Elmer Forsythe (January 8, 1917 – April 9, 1972http://icme.stanford.edu/system/files/file-insertions/ForsytheG.pdf https://icme.stanford.edu/about/faculty-pioneers-0) was the founder and head of Stanford University's Computer Science Department.
George H. Taylor (born 1947) is the former director of the Oregon Climate Service at Oregon State University in Corvallis, a position he held from 1989 until his retirement on 1 May 2008.
George Hadley (12 February 1685 – 28 June 1768) was an English lawyer and amateur meteorologist who proposed the atmospheric mechanism by which the trade winds are sustained, which is now named in his honour as Hadley circulation.
George Harvey (died 29 October 1834) was an English mathematician, known for his scientific and engineering writings, on meteorology, ship building, and colour blindness.
George James Symons FRS (6 August 1838 – 10 March 1900) was a British meteorologist who founded and managed the British Rainfall Organisation, an unusually dense and widely distributed network of rainfall data collection sites throughout the British Isles.
George Templeman Kingston (1816–1886) was a Canadian professor, meteorologist, author, and public servant.
George Matthew Keller (December 3, 1923 – October 17, 2008Martin, Douglas (October 17, 2008). The New York Times.) was the chairman of Standard Oil Company of California ("SoCal") in the 1980s, where he oversaw its merger with Gulf Oil to form Chevron Corporation in 1984.
Sir George Clarke Simpson KCB CBE FRS HFRSE LLD (2 September 1878 – 1 January 1965) was a British meteorologist.
George W. Hewlett High School (commonly known as Hewlett High School, and replacing Woodmere High School) is a four-year public high school in Hewlett, New York, which is a part of the Five Towns area of the South Shore of Long Island.
George Washington Hough (October 24, 1836 – January 1, 1909) was an American astronomer born in Montgomery, New York.
George William Platzman (April 19, 1920 – August 2, 2008) was an American meteorologist notable for his contributions to the study of geophysical fluid dynamics.
George Alfred Winterling (born September 1, 1931) is a retired television weatherman.
Georges-Antoine-Pons Rayet (12 December 1839 – 14 June 1906) was a French astronomer.
The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite system (GOES), operated by the United States' National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service division, supports weather forecasting, severe storm tracking, and meteorology research.
Geostatistics is a branch of statistics focusing on spatial or spatiotemporal datasets.
Gerald Fleming (born November 20, 1957) is an Irish meteorologist and weather presenter.
The best-known German strategic bombing campaign during World War I was the campaign against England, although strategic bombing raids were carried out or attempted on other fronts.
Lauenburg was a German weather ship used in the early years of the Second World War to provide weather reports for German shipping, particularly German U-boats.
Synoptic Meteorological Station of Germi County is one of the main international synoptic stations located in the Germi city of Ardabil province of Iran.
Gerry Murphy (born 1969) is an Irish meteorologist with Met Éireann, best known for his appearances on RTÉ.
Giambattista della Porta (1535? – 4 February 1615), also known as Giovanni Battista Della Porta, was an Italian scholar, polymath and playwright who lived in Naples at the time of the Scientific Revolution and Reformation.
The Giardino Botanico "Nuova Gussonea" is a botanical garden located at an altitude of 1700 m on the southern side of Mount Etna, in area B of the Etna Natural Park, Ragalna, Province of Catania, Sicily, Italy.
Gil Simmons is the Chief weekday morning meteorologist for WTNH-TV, the local ABC-affiliated television station for the Hartford-New Haven, Connecticut television market.
Sir Gilbert Thomas Walker, CSI, FRS (14 June 1868 – 4 November 1958) was an English physicist and statistician of the 20th century.
Ginger Renee Colonomos (née Zuidgeest; born January 13, 1981), known by her pseudonym Ginger Zee, is an American television personality.
The Girls Venture Corps Air Cadets (GVCAC) is a voluntary uniformed youth organisation in the United Kingdom for girls aged between 11 and 20.
Glaciology (from Latin: glacies, "frost, ice", and Ancient Greek: λόγος, logos, "subject matter"; literally "study of ice") is the scientific study of glaciers, or more generally ice and natural phenomena that involve ice.
Glenn Eric "Hurricane" Schwartz (born circa 1952) is meteorologist at WCAU in Philadelphia.
The Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) is a worldwide system established by the World Meteorological Organizationa United Nations agencyto monitor trends in the Earth's atmosphere.
The global atmospheric electrical circuit describes the continuous movement of atmospheric electricity between the ionosphere and the Earth.
The Global Environmental Multiscale Model (GEM), is an integrated forecasting and data assimilation system developed in the Recherche en Prévision Numérique (RPN), Meteorological Research Branch (MRB), and the Canadian Meteorological Centre (CMC).
Global Lake Ecological Observatory Network (GLEON) is an international grass-roots, voluntary network of researchers, educators, and community groups interested in making and utilizing time series of high-frequency observations made on and in lakes and reservoirs all over the world.
Global News Morning (previously known as Morning News and the Saturday Morning News or the Sunday Morning News on Saturdays and Sundays respectively and the Early Morning News from 5-6 AM) is the name of local morning newscasts airing on Global Television Network's owned-and-operated stations (O&Os) in British Columbia, Calgary, Edmonton, Saskatoon, Regina, Winnipeg, Montreal, and Halifax with each station producing its own edition of the program.
Global storm activity of 2008 profiles the major worldwide storms, including blizzards, ice storms, and other winter events, from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2008.
Global storm activity of 2009 profiles the major worldwide storms, including blizzards, ice storms, and other winter events, from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2009.
The global storm activity of 2010 includes major meteorological events in the Earth's atmosphere during the year, including winter storms (blizzards, ice storms, European windstorms), hailstorms, out of season monsoon rain storms, extratropical cyclones, gales, microbursts, flooding, rainstorms, tropical cyclones, and other severe weather events.
The Global Telecommunication System (GTS) is a global network for the transmission of meteorological data from weather stations, satellites and numerical weather prediction centres.
The global warming controversy concerns the public debate over whether global warming is occurring, how much has occurred in modern times, what has caused it, what its effects will be, whether any action should be taken to curb it, and if so what that action should be.
This article serves as a glossary of climate change terms.
Most of the terms listed in Wikipedia glossaries are already defined and explained within Wikipedia itself.
This is a glossary of some of the terms used in phytopathology.
The following is a glossary of tornado terms.
Govaert Wendelen, Latinized Godefridus Wendelinus, or sometimes Vendelinus (6 June 1580 – 24 October 1667) was a Flemish astronomer.
Goggles, or safety glasses, are forms of protective eyewear that usually enclose or protect the area surrounding the eye in order to prevent particulates, water or chemicals from striking the eyes.
Friedrich Wilhelm Gottlieb Viehe (March 27, 1839 – January 1, 1901) was a German missionary of the Rheinische Missionsgesellschaft (Rhenish Missionary Society) and an early settler in present-day Namibia.
300px Gough Island, also known historically as Gonçalo Álvares after the Portuguese explorer, or as Diego Alvarez, is a volcanic island in the South Atlantic Ocean.
The Government of Croatia (Vlada Hrvatske), formally the Government of the Republic of Croatia (Vlada Republike Hrvatske), commonly abbreviated to Croatian Government (Hrvatska Vlada), is the main executive branch of government in Croatia.
Grady Norton (1894 – October 9, 1954) was an American meteorologist.
Graeme Leslie Stephens One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where: is director of the center for climate sciences at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology and professor of earth observation the University of Reading.
The Granollers Museum of Natural Sciences, in Granollers (in Vallès Oriental, Spain), covers the fields of palaeontology, geology, botany, meteorology, and, in particular, zoology.
Gray Peak is a prominent rock summit in the Queen Maud Mountains of Antarctica.
The Great Blizzard of 1978, also known as the White Hurricane, was a historic winter storm that struck the Ohio Valley and Great Lakes regions from Wednesday, January 25 through Friday, January 27, 1978.
At a height of 848 metres (2,782 feet), Great Dun Fell is the second-highest mountain in England's Pennines, lying two miles south along the watershed from Cross Fell, its higher neighbour.
The Great Lakes Storm of 1913, historically referred to as the "Big Blow," the "Freshwater Fury," or the "White Hurricane," was a blizzard with hurricane-force winds that devastated the Great Lakes Basin in the Midwestern United States and the province of Ontario in Canada from November 7 through November 10, 1913.
The Great Salt Lake, located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Utah, is the largest salt water lake in the Western Hemisphere, and the eighth-largest terminal lake in the world.
The Great Storm of 1987 was a violent extratropical cyclone that occurred on the night of 15–16 October, with hurricane-force winds causing casualties in England, France and the Channel Islands as a severe depression in the Bay of Biscay moved northeast.
The Cecil and Ida Green Building, also called the Green Building or Building 54, is an academic and research building at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States and houses the MIT Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences.
Green High School is a public high school in Green, Ohio, just south of Akron, Ohio.
The Green Party of Ontario fielded several candidates in the 1995 provincial election, none of whom were elected.
Greg Fishel is a meteorologist for WRAL-TV in Raleigh, North Carolina.
Gregor Johann Mendel (Řehoř Jan Mendel; 20 July 1822 – 6 January 1884) was a scientist, Augustinian friar and abbot of St. Thomas' Abbey in Brno, Margraviate of Moravia.
Gregory Stanley Forbes (born August 22, 1950) is The Weather Channel's current severe weather expert and has a significant research background in the areas of severe convective storms and tornadoes.
GRIB (GRIdded Binary or General Regularly-distributed Information in Binary form) is a concise data format commonly used in meteorology to store historical and forecast weather data.
Ground truth is a term used in various fields to refer to information provided by direct observation (i.e. empirical evidence) as opposed to information provided by inference.
Group captain is a senior commissioned rank in many air forces.
The Sensors and Electromagnetic Applications Laboratory (SEAL) is one of eight labs in the Georgia Tech Research Institute and one of three labs under the Sensors and Intelligent Systems directorate.
Gustav Johann Georg Hellmann or Georg Gustav Hellmann (3 July 1854 – 21 February 1939) was a German meteorologist.
Gustav Karsten (24 November 1820, in Berlin – 16 March 1900, in Kiel) was a German physicist.
Gustav Schübler (15 August 1787 – 8 September 1834) was a German naturalist, and the founder of applied meteorology in Germany.
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (born Bönickhausen;;; 15 December 183227 December 1923) was a French civil engineer.
Gustave-Adolphe Hirn (August 21, 1815 – January 14, 1890) was a French physicist, astronomer.
Henry Aristide "Red" Boucher, Jr. (January 27, 1921 – June 19, 2009) was the second Lieutenant Governor of Alaska from 1970 to 1974.
In meteorology, haar or sea fret is a cold sea fog.
Haas Glacier is a steep tributary glacier draining northward from Rawson Plateau to enter the south side of Bowman Glacier, in the Queen Maud Mountains of Antarctica.
The Hadley cell, named after George Hadley, is a global scale tropical atmospheric circulation that features air rising near the Equator, flowing poleward at 10–15 kilometers above the surface, descending in the subtropics, and then returning equatorward near the surface.
Haines Index (also known as Lower Atmosphere Severity Index) is a weather index developed by meteorologist Donald Haines in 1988 that measures the potential for dry, unstable air to contribute to the development of large or erratic wildland fires.
Halo (from Greek ἅλως, halōs) is the name for a family of optical phenomena produced by sunlight interacting with ice crystals suspended in the atmosphere.
Hamdard University (Urdu) (همدرد يونيورسٽي) is a private research university with campuses in Karachi and Islamabad, Pakistan.
The Handley Page Halifax was a Royal Air Force (RAF) four-engined heavy bomber of the Second World War.
Hanoverton is a village in Hanover Township, Columbiana County, Ohio, United States.
Hans Økland (19 August 1918 – 23 April 2010) was a Norwegian meteorologist and geophysicist.
Hans Benndorf (December 13, 1870 – February 11, 1953) was an Austrian physicist born in Zurich, and died in Graz.
Hans Ertel (March 24, 1904 in Berlin – July 2, 1971 in Berlin) was a German natural scientist and a pioneer in geophysics, meteorology and hydrodynamics.
Hans Friedrich Geitel (16 July 1855 in Braunschweig – 15 August 1923 in Wolfenbüttel) was a German physicist.
Hans Hermann Neuberger (1910–1996) was head of Pennsylvania State University's Department of Meteorology.
Hans Robert Scultetus (*20 March 1904 in Halle (Saale) - 17 March 1976) was a German meteorologist, who headed the Pflegestätte für Wetterkunde (Meteorology Section) of the Nazi Ahnenerbe think tank.
Harald Ingemann Jensen (12 June 1879 – 13 July 1966) was a Danish-born Australian geologist and socialist.
Harald Ulrik Sverdrup (15 November 1888 – 21 August 1957) was a Norwegian oceanographer and meteorologist.
Hard rime is a white ice that forms when the water droplets in fog freeze to the outer surfaces of objects.
Harijadi Sumodidjojo (July 25, 1919 – June 3, 1997) was an Indonesian realist artist who live in revolution era.
Harlan J. Brothers is an inventor, composer, mathematician, and educator based in Branford, Connecticut.
Harold Edward Brooks (born March 11, 1959) is an American meteorologist whose research is concentrated on severe convective storms and tornadoes, particularly severe weather climatology, as well as weather forecasting.
Harold E. Taylor, Haverford College, MIT, and University of Iowa alumnus, was a Professor of Physics at The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey for over 30 years.
Harold Earnest Taft Jr. (September 5, 1922 – September 27, 1991), affectionately known as "The World's Greatest Weatherman" and "The Dean of TV Meteorologists", was the first television meteorologist west of the Mississippi River and held the post for a record 41 years.
Harry Volkman (April 18, 1926 – August 20, 2015) was an American meteorologist.
Harry Wexler (March 15, 1911 – August 11, 1962) was an American meteorologist, born in Fall River, Massachusetts.
Harvey Balls are round ideograms used for visual communication of qualitative information.
The Hatepe eruption, named for the Hatepe Plinian pumice tephra layer, sometimes referred to as the Taupo eruption and dated to around 180 AD, was Lake Taupo's most recent major eruption.
The Hatherleigh CAVOK is a Swiss mid-wing, single-seat motor glider that was produced by Heatherleigh Consulting of Bussigny-près-Lausanne, first flying on 13 December 2001.
Haywood Shepherd Hansell Jr. (September 28, 1903 – November 14, 1988) was a general officer in the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) during World War II, and later the United States Air Force.
A Headquarters & Headquarters Squadron, abbreviated as H&HS or HQHQSQDN, is the headquarters entity for a United States Marine Corps aviation facility.
Heartland REACT is a chapter of REACT International based in Omaha, Nebraska.
In meteorology, a heat burst is a rare atmospheric phenomenon characterized by gusty winds along with a rapid increase in temperature and decrease in dew point (moisture).
Heather A. Knutson is an astrophysicist and assistant professor at California Institute of Technology in the Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences.
Dr Heather Margaret Murray Reid OBE CPhys FInstP FRMetS (born c. 1969), also known as "Heather the Weather", is a Scottish meteorologist, physicist, science communicator and educator.
Heavy Weather is the eighth album by Weather Report, released in 1977 through Columbia Records.
Hecto- (symbol: h) is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of one hundred.
Hector is the name given to a cumulonimbus, or thundercloud, that forms regularly nearly every afternoon on the Tiwi Islands, Northern Territory, Australia, from approximately September to March each year.
Heimatforscher, also called Heimatkundler, is a German language description for somebody researching his homeland, home town or region.
Heinrich Friedrich Gretschel (October 21, 1830, Prietitz near Elstra, Germany – February 2, 1892, Freiburg, Switzerland) was a German mathematician and scientist.
Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (22 February 1857 – 1 January 1894) was a German physicist who first conclusively proved the existence of the electromagnetic waves theorized by James Clerk Maxwell's electromagnetic theory of light.
Heinrich (Andreas Karl) Seilkopf (December 25, 1895 in Frankfurt (Oder) – June 27, 1968 in Hamburg) was a German meteorologist.
Heinrich von Ficker (November 22, 1881 – April 29, 1957) was a German-Austrian meteorologist and geophysicist who was a native of Munich.
Heinrich von Wild or Heinrich Wild I (1833–1902) was a Swiss meteorologist and physicist who established a modern meteorological system throughout the Empire and developed meteorological instruments.
Heinrich Wilhelm Blasius (1818–1899), later known as William Blasius was a German-born American meteorologist.
Heinrich Wilhelm Brandes (July 27, 1777 – May 17, 1834) was a German physicist, meteorologist, and astronomer.
Heinrich Wilhelm Dove (6 October 1803 – 4 April 1879) was a Prussian physicist and meteorologist.
Heirs of Empire is a 1996 military science fiction novel by American writer David Weber.
Helen Sarah Willetts (born 10 February 1972) is a meteorologist on the BBC.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
Helmut "Mike" Ajango (November 30, 1931 – November 15, 2013) was an Estonian-born architect based in Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin in the United States.
Helmut Erich Landsberg (1906–1985) was a noted and influential climatologist.
Hemispherical photography, also known as fisheye or canopy photography, is a technique to estimate solar radiation and characterize plant canopy geometry using photographs taken looking upward through an extreme wide-angle lens (Rich 1990).
Henan University is one of the oldest public universities in China.
Pierre René Jean Baptiste Henri Brocard (12 May 1845 – 16 January 1922) was a French meteorologist and mathematician, in particular a geometer.
Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau (20 July 1700, Paris13 August 1782, Paris), was a French physician, naval engineer and botanist.
Henrik Mohn (15 May 1835 – 12 September 1916) was a Norwegian astronomer and meteorologist.
Henry Ambrose Hunt (7 February 1866 – 7 February 1946) was a British meteorologist noted for his contribution to meteorology in his adopted home of Australia.
Henry Cavendish FRS (10 October 1731 – 24 February 1810) was a British natural philosopher, scientist, and an important experimental and theoretical chemist and physicist.
Henry Chamberlain Russell, CMG, FRS, (17 March 1836 – 22 February 1907) was an Australian astronomer and meteorologist.
Henry Collen (9 October 1797, Middlesex – 8 May 1879, Brighton) was an English miniature portrait painter to Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and the Duchess of Kent.
Henry Francis Blanford (sometimes spelt Blandford) (3 June 1834 – 23 January 1893) was a British meteorologist and palaeontologist who worked in India.
Henry Helm Clayton (1861–1946) was an American meteorologist and weather forecaster.
Henry Hennessy (1826–1901) was an Irish physicist and Fellow of the Royal Society.
Henry Jack FRSE (1917–1978) was a Scottish mathematician at University College Dundee.
Henry Piddington (7 January 1797 – 7 April 1858) was an English merchant captain who sailed in East India and China and later settled in Bengal where he worked as a curator of a geological museum and worked on scientific problems, and is particularly well known for his pioneering studies in meteorology of tropical storms and hurricanes.
Henryk Arctowski (15 July 1871 – 21 February 1958), born Henryk Artzt, was a Polish scientist and explorer.
Henryk Arctowski Polish Antarctic Station (Polish:Polska Stacja Antarktyczna im. Henryka Arctowskiego) is a research station on King George Island, off the coast of Antarctica.
Herbert Eric Huppert (born 26 November 1943) is an Australian-born geophysicist living in Britain.
Herbert Riehl (March 30, 1915 – June 1, 1997) was a German-born American meteorologist who is widely regarded as the father of tropical meteorology.
Herbert Wilhelmy (* February 4, 1910 in Sondershausen; † February 1, 2003 in Tübingen) was a German geographer.
Herman Watzinger was a Norwegian engineer in the area of cooling technique from NTH (now NTNU) in Trondheim and a crewmember on the Kon-Tiki expedition.
Hermann Ebert (20 June 1861 in Leipzig – 12 February 1913 in Munich) was a German physicist.
Hermann Flohn (19 February 1912 – 23 June 1997) was "one of the world greatest climatologists".
Anton Hermann Victor Thomas Schrötter, name sometimes referred to as Hermann Schrötter von Kristelli (5 August 1870 – 6 January 1928) was an Austrian physiologist and physician who was a native of Vienna.
Hieronymus Heyerdahl (31 August 1773 – 6 March 1847) was a Norwegian minister and politician.
High frequency data refers to time-series data collected at an extremely fine scale.
The Highest Science and Technology Award also known as The State Preeminent Science and Technology Award, State Supreme Science and Technology Award, or China's Nobel Prize is the highest scientific award issued by the Chinese Academy of Sciences to scientists working in China.
Hillsboro is a city in and the county seat of Hill County, Texas, United States.
The geostationary satellites, operated by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), support weather forecasting, tropical cyclone tracking, and meteorology research.
José Hipólito Unanue y Pavón (August 13, 1755–July 15, 1833) was a physician, naturalist, meteorologist, cosmographer, First Minister of Finance of Peru, Minister of Foreign affairs, Protomédico (equivalent to Minister of health combines with head of "Escuela de Medicina del Peru"), university professor, founder of the San Fernando Medical School (now the Medicine faculty of San Marcos University), representative of Arequipa in the Cádiz Cortes, President of the Junta de Gobierno (highest executive power in the Peruvian government at that time), President of the first Peruvian congress, Protector of the province of Arequipa (during the Spanish Empire), independence precursor and a Peruvian politician, active in politics in the early years after independence.
Hippodamus of Miletus (Greek: Ἱππόδαμος ὁ Μιλήσιος, Hippodamos ho Milesios; 498 – 408 BC), was an ancient Greek architect, urban planner, physician, mathematician, meteorologist and philosopher, who is considered to be "the father of European urban planning", the namesake of the "Hippodamian Plan" (grid plan) of city layout.
Edme Hippolyte Marié-Davy (28 April 1820 – 26 July 1893) was a French chemist and inventor of the 19th century.
The was the first museum of meteorology in Japan.
--> The Història de la Marina Catalana (History of the Catalan Navy) is a book written by Arcadi Garcia Sanz that enumerates all aspects of the Catalan Navy in the trade and in the war, its exploits and conquests, a historic collection ranging from prehistoric times to the present day.
Indian agriculture began by 9000 BCE as a result of early cultivation of plants, and domestication of crops and animals.
In 4,000 years, China has been a nation of farmers.
The history of Antarctica emerges from early Western theories of a vast continent, known as Terra Australis, believed to exist in the far south of the globe.
The history of film technology traces the development of film technology from the initial development of "moving pictures" at the end of 19th century to the present time.
The military funding of science has had a powerful transformative effect on the practice and products of scientific research since the early 20th century.
Early writing on mineralogy, especially on gemstones, comes from ancient Babylonia, the ancient Greco-Roman world, ancient and medieval China, and Sanskrit texts from ancient India.
The history of numerical weather prediction considers how current weather conditions as input into mathematical models of the atmosphere and oceans to predict the weather and future sea state (the process of numerical weather prediction) has changed over the years.
Ny-Ålesund was first discovered in 1610, when coal deposits were discovered around Kongsfjorden.
The Kingdom of Portugal in the 15th century was the first European power to begin building a colonial empire.
The history of radar (where radar stands for RAdio Detection And Ranging) started with experiments by Heinrich Hertz in the late 19th century that showed that radio waves were reflected by metallic objects.
The research ship had origins in the early voyages of exploration.
The history of science is the study of the development of science and scientific knowledge, including both the natural and social sciences.
For more than a century China's leaders have called for rapid development of science and technology, and science policy has played a greater role in national politics in China than in many other countries.
The production of silk originates in China in the Neolithic (Yangshao culture, 4th millennium BC).
Spaceflight became part of human achievement in the 20th century following theoretical and practical breakthroughs by Konstantin Tsiolkovsky and Robert H. Goddard.
The history of surface weather analysis concerns the timetable of developments related to surface weather analysis.
The Weather Channel is an American basic cable and satellite television channel owned by Byron Allen's Entertainment Studios that focuses on national and international weather information; although in recent years, the channel has also incorporated entertainment-based programs related to weather on its schedule.
The history of thermodynamics is a fundamental strand in the history of physics, the history of chemistry, and the history of science in general.
The practice of using names to identify tropical cyclones goes back several centuries, with storms named after places, saints or things they hit before the formal start of naming in each basin.
A hodograph is a diagram that gives a vectorial visual representation of the movement of a body or a fluid.
Hoffellsjökull is an outlet glacier which flows from the ice cap of Vatnajökull.
The Hoher Sonnblick (also Rauriser Sonnblick) is a glaciated mountain, high, on the main Alpine chain in the Goldberg Group on the border between the Austrian states of Carinthia and Salzburg.
Holly Green is an English meteorologist and weather presenter.
Holm Gero Hümmler (born September 22, 1970 in Hanau) is a German nuclear physicist and skeptic, living in Bad Homburg, near Frankfurt am Main.
Homer Alex McCrerey (July 29, 1919 – 1999) became U.S. Navy Meteorologist and oceanographer for CINCPACFLT until 1972.
In statistics, homogeneity and its opposite, heterogeneity, arise in describing the properties of a dataset, or several datasets.
Hong or jiang is a two-headed dragon in Chinese mythology, comparable with rainbow serpent legends in diverse cultures and mythologies.
The Hong Kong Observatory is a weather forecast agency of the government of Hong Kong.
In the United States, an honor society is a rank organization that recognizes excellence among peers.
A Hook gauge evaporimeter is a precision instrument used to measure changes in water levels due to evaporation.
Horace Robert Byers (March 12, 1906 – May 22, 1998) was an American meteorologist who pioneered in aviation meteorology, synoptic weather analysis (weather forecasting), severe convective storms, cloud physics, and weather modification.
Portrait of Horace-Bénédict de Saussure (after the picture by Juehl, in the Library at Geneva) Horace-Bénédict de Saussure (17 February 1740 – 22 January 1799) was a Swiss geologist, meteorologist, physicist, mountaineer and Alpine explorer, often called the founder of alpinism and modern meteorology, and considered to be the first person to build a successful solar oven.
The Horn Scientific Expedition was the first primarily scientific expedition to study the natural history of Central Australia, sponsored by three Australian universities (University of Sydney, University of Adelaide and University of Melbourne).
In applied mathematics, the Hough functions are the eigenfunctions of Laplace's tidal equations which govern fluid motion on a rotating sphere.
A Hovmöller diagram is a commonly used way of plotting meteorological data to highlight the role of waves.
Howard Bruce Bluestein is a research meteorologist known for his mesoscale meteorology, severe weather, and radar research.
Howard Gilbert McNeil (October 24, 1920 – November 27, 2010) was a meteorologist in Dallas/Ft. Worth, Texas for more than twenty years from the mid-1950s to the mid-1970s.
Howard Thomas Odum (also known as Tom or just H.T.) (September 1, 1924 – September 11, 2002) was an American ecologist.
Howie Gordon (born January 7, 1971) is a reality TV personality and former contestant from the American version of the CBS reality show Big Brother.
Hrvoje Tkalčić (born February 3, 1970) is Australian and Croatian scientist (geophysicist) and Associate Professor at the Australian National University in Canberra.
Hsiao-Lan Kuo (Guo Xiaolan; 1915–2006) was a Chinese-American mathematician, meteorologist.
Huang Shisong was a Chinese meteorologist.
Huascarán National Park (Parque Nacional Huascarán) is a Peruvian national park that comprises most of the mountain range known as Cordillera Blanca (the world's highest tropical mountain range) which is part of the central Andes, in the region of Ancash.
Hugh Crichton-Miller (born in Genoa, Italy, 5 February 1877, died 1 January 1959 in London) was a Scottish physician and psychiatrist.
Hugh Robert Mill FRSE (28 May 1861 – 5 April 1950) was a Scottish geographer and meteorologist who was influential in the reform of geography teaching, and in the development of meteorology as a science.
Hugo Emil Hergesell (29 May 1859 in Bromberg – 6 June 1938 in Berlin) was a German meteorologist.
Hugo Hildebrand Hildebrandsson (19 August 1838 – 29 July 1925) was a Swedish meteorologist and professor at Uppsala university between 1878 and 1907.
The humidex (short for humidity index) is an index number used by Canadian meteorologists to describe how hot the weather feels to the average person, by combining the effect of heat and humidity.
Hurd Curtis Willett (January 1, 1903 – March 26, 1992) was an American meteorologist known for his role in developing five-day weather forecasting techniques and widely known for his attempts at very long-range forecasting.
Hurricane is a name used by many different fictional characters appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.
Hurricane Andrew was a Category 5 Atlantic hurricane that struck the Bahamas and Florida in mid-August 1992, the most destructive hurricane to ever hit the state until Hurricane Irma surpassed it 25 years later.
Hurricane Dalilia was the only tropical cyclone during 1989 to affect the Hawaiian Islands.
Hurricane Danny was the only hurricane to make landfall in the United States during the 1997 Atlantic hurricane season, and the second hurricane and fourth tropical storm of the season.
Hurricane Dora was the first tropical cyclone on record to make landfall over the First Coast of Florida.
Hurricane Estelle was the first major hurricane of the above-average 1986 Pacific hurricane season.
Hurricane Gil was the first of several tropical cyclones to affect Hawaii during the 1983 Pacific hurricane season.
Hurricane Gladys was the farthest tropical cyclone from the United States to be observed by radar in the Atlantic basin since Hurricane Carla in 1961.
Hurricane Hernan was fourth and final tropical cyclone to strike Mexico at hurricane intensity during the 1996 Pacific hurricane season.
Hurricane Hernan was the ninth tropical depression, eighth named storm, fifth hurricane, and first major hurricane of the 2008 Pacific hurricane season.
Hurricane Hilary was a Category 3 hurricane that caused significant flooding in the Midwestern United States in August 1993.
Hurricane Jimena was the second-strongest hurricane of the 2009 Pacific hurricane season, and tied with Hurricane Norbert as the strongest tropical cyclone to make landfall on western portion of the Baja California Peninsula.
Hurricane Juliette was a long-lasting Category 4 hurricane in the 2001 Pacific hurricane season.
Hurricane Norbert marked the first time a core of a hurricane was fully mapped in three-dimensions.
Hurricane Pauline was the deadliest hurricane of the 1968 Pacific hurricane season.
Ghiyath al-Din Ali ibn Amirin Husayni Isfahani (a.k.a. Hondemir) was a 15th-century Persian physician and scientist from Isfahan, Iran.
Hydrodynamic reception refers to the ability of some animals to sense water movements generated by biotic (conspecifics, predators, or prey) or abiotic sources.
In fluid dynamics, helicity is, under appropriate conditions, an invariant of the Euler equations of fluid flow, having a topological interpretation as a measure of linkage and/or knottedness of vortex lines in the flow.
Hydrologic Research Center (HRC), founded in 1993, is a public-benefit non-profit research, technology transfer, and science cooperation and education organization, dedicated to the development of effective and sustainable solutions to global water issues.
Hydrology is the scientific study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including the water cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability.
The Hydrometeorological Centre of Russia (Гидрометцентр России, Gidrometcentr Rossii) is the national meteorological service in Russia, part of the Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring.
Hydrometeorological Institute of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Hidrometeorološki zavod Crne Gore or HMZCG) is the national hydrological and meteorological service of Montenegro.
Hydrometeorological Institute of Slovenia (Hidrometeorološki zavod Slovenije, HMZ) was the national hydrological and meteorological service of Slovenia.
Hydrometeorology is a branch of meteorology and hydrology that studies the transfer of water and energy between the land surface and the lower atmosphere.
Fluid statics or hydrostatics is the branch of fluid mechanics that studies fluids at rest.
A hygrometer is an instrument used for measuring the amount of humidity and water vapor in the atmosphere, in soil, or in confined spaces.
The hypsometric equation, also known as the thickness equation, relates an atmospheric pressure ratio to the equivalent thickness of an atmospheric layer under the assumptions of constant temperature and gravity.
Ian McCaskill (born John Robertson McCaskill; 28 July 1938 – 10 December 2016) was a BBC weatherman.
Ian Rogers (born 24 June 1960) is an Australian chess grandmaster (1985) and FIDE Senior Trainer (2005).
The IAP Meteorological Tower is a guyed tower for meteorological measurements, studies of air pollution and studies of the atmospheric boundary layer in Beijing, China.
Iberian kingdoms made major contributions to maritime innovation in the Age of Discovery.
Icarus is a scientific journal dedicated to the field of planetary science.
Ice (Tora Olafsdotter) is a fictional character, a comic book superheroine in publications from DC Comics.
Ice Station Zebra is a 1963 thriller novel written by Scottish author Alistair MacLean.
An iceberg or ice mountain is a large piece of freshwater ice that has broken off a glacier or an ice shelf and is floating freely in open water.
The vocabulary of the Icelandic language is heavily derived from and built upon Old Norse and contains relatively few loanwords; where these do exist their spelling is often heavily adapted to that of other Icelandic words.
Ignacy Domeyko or Domejko, pseudonym: Żegota (Ignacio Domeyko,; born near Nieśwież, now Karelichy District, Belarus, 31 July 1802 – 23 January 1889, Santiago de Chile) was a Polish geologist, mineralogist and educator.
Igor Delijanić (Serbian Cyrillic: Игор Делијанић, 1927 in Belgrade – March 2, 2007 in Belgrade) was one of the most known Serbian meteorologists.
The Ike Dike is a proposed coastal barrier that, when completed, would protect the Galveston Bay in Texas, United States.
Ilya Nikolayevich Ulyanov (Илья́ Никола́евич Улья́нов; –) was a Russian public figure in the field of public education.
Aviation is the design, development, production, operation, and use of aircraft, especially heavier-than-air aircraft.
Science (from Latin scientia, meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe.
This is a list of climate change topics.
Earth science (also known as geoscience, the geosciences or the Earth Sciences), is an all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth.
This is a list of meteorology topics.
The index of physics articles is split into multiple pages due to its size.
The India Meteorological Department (IMD), also referred to as the Met Department, is an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of India.
The Indian Geophysical Union is the Government of India's scientific body responsible for all activities related with Earth Science System such as seismology, magnetism, meteorology, geodesy, volcanology, oceanography, hydrology and tectonophysics and to encourage the study of and research in geophysical problems and to provide media for publication of the results.
The Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) is a scientific institution based in Pune, India for expanding research in tropical Indian Ocean (formerly on tropical meteorology) of the tropics in general with special reference to monsoon meteorology and air-sea interaction of India monsoon.
The Indian Meteorological Society is an Indian non-profit organisation that promotes the advancement, dissemination of knowledge, and the application of meteorology and related sciences.
The Indian National Satellite System (Hindi: भारतीय राष्ट्रीय उपग्रह प्रणाली), or INSAT, is a series of multipurpose geo-stationary satellites launched by ISRO to satisfy the telecommunications, broadcasting, meteorology, and search and rescue operations.
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is the space agency of the Government of India headquartered in the city of Bangalore.
Indians in the New York City metropolitan region constitute one of the largest and fastest growing ethnicities in the New York City metropolitan area of the United States.
Indonesia officially became the 60th member of the United Nations on 28 September 1950, in accordance with the United Nations Security Council Resolution 86 two days before, and the United Nations General Assembly resolution number A/RES/491 (V) on the "admission of the Republic of Indonesia to membership in the United Nations", less than one year after the recognition of Indonesia's sovereignty by the Netherlands at the Dutch–Indonesian Round Table Conference in the Hague (23 August - 2 November 1949).
Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika or simply BMKG) is an Indonesian non-departmental government agency for meteorology, climatology, and geophysics.
The Indonesian Air Force (Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Udara, TNI AU) is the air force branch of the Indonesian National Armed Forces.
Indra Valija Petersons (born June 22, 1980) is an American meteorologist.
Inez Fung (born April 11, 1949) is a professor of atmospheric science at the University of California, Berkeley jointly appointed in the Department of Earth and Planetary Science and the Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management.
Inflow is the flow of a fluid into a large collection of that fluid.
In numerous fields of study, the component of instability within a system is generally characterized by some of the outputs or internal states growing without bounds.
Institut aéronautique Jean Mermoz (IAJM) is a flight training organisation and resourcing services.
The Institute of Atmospheric Physics AS CR, also designated as the IAP, is part of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (AS CR).
The Institute of Geophysics (مؤسسه ژئوفیزیک) is the name of a scientific institute in Iran.
The Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Studies (Instituto de Hidrología, Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales), also known by its acronym in Spanish, IDEAM, is a government agency of the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development of Colombia.
The Instituto Nacional Meteorologia e Hidrologia (INAMHI) is the national meteorological agency of Ecuador.
The National Institute for Seismology, Vulcanology, Meteorology and Hydrology of Guatemala (in Spanish: Instituto Nacional de Sismología, Vulcanología, Meteorología e Hidrología (INSIVUMEH)) is a scientific agency of the Guatemalan government.
Instrument rating qualifies a pilot to fly under instrument flight rules (IFR).
The International Arctic Buoy Program is headquartered at the Polar Science Center, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, in Seattle, Washington, United States.
The International Association of Cryospheric Sciences, or IACS, is the eighth association of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG).
The International Catalogue of Scientific Literature was an annual index covering scientific literature from all major areas of science.
International Cloud Atlas (also Cloud Atlas) is a cloud atlas that was first published in 1896 and has remained in print since then.
The International Earth Science Olympiad (IESO), one of the thirteen International Science Olympiads, is an annual competition for secondary school students that tests their abilities in disciplines such as geology, meteorology, environmental science, and terrestrial astronomy.
An international environmental agreement or sometimes environmental protocol, is a type of treaty binding in international law, allowing them to reach an environmental goal.
The International Geophysical Year (IGY; Année géophysique internationale) was an international scientific project that lasted from July 1, 1957, to December 31, 1958.
The International Journal of Meteorology is a bimonthly science magazine on meteorology and severe weather, particularly that of the United Kingdom and Europe.
The International Meteorological Organization (IMO; 1873–1951) was the first organization formed with the purpose of exchanging weather information among the countries of the world.
The International Society of Biometeorology (ISB) is a professional society for scientists interested in biometeorology, specifically environmental and ecological aspects of the interaction of the atmosphere and biosphere.
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.
The invariant set postulate concerns the possible relationship between fractal geometry and quantum mechanics and in particular the hypothesis that the former can assist in resolving some of the challenges posed by the latter.
An invest in meteorology (short for investigative area, alternatively written INVEST) is a designated area of disturbed weather that is being monitored for tropical cyclone development.
The Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the fifth in a series of such reports.
The IPCC Third Assessment Report (TAR), Climate Change 2001, is an assessment of available scientific and socio-economic information on climate change by the IPCC.
The Iran Meteorological Organization (IRIMO), also referred to as the Met Department, is an agency of the Ministry of Roads and Urban Development of the Government of Iran.
Irving Langmuir (January 31, 1881 – August 16, 1957) was an American chemist and physicist.
Irving Schleimer (1921 – November 21, 2005) was Dean of Pacific Coast University School of Law in Long Beach, Los Angeles County, California from 1981 to 1999.
Isaac Monroe Cline (October 13, 1861 – August 3, 1955) was the chief meteorologist at the Galveston, Texas office of the U.S. Weather Bureau, now known as the National Weather Service, from 1889 to 1901.
Isaac's Storm: A Man, a Time, and the Deadliest Hurricane in History is a 2000 ''New York Times'' bestseller by Erik Larson presented in a non-fiction, novelistic style.
ISC3 (Industrial Source Complex) model is a popular steady-state Gaussian plume model which can be used to assess pollutant concentrations from a wide variety of sources associated with an industrial complex.
Isis Pogson (born Elizabeth Isis Pogson; 28 September 1852 – 14 May 1945) was a British astronomer and meteorologist.
Owing to labour migration in the 1960s and several waves of political refugees since the 1970s, Islam has become a visible religion in Germany.
The isomeric shift (also called isomer shift) is the shift on atomic spectral lines and gamma spectral lines, which occurs as a consequence of replacement of one nuclear isomer by another.
An isopycnal is a line connecting points of a specific density or potential density.
An isosurface is a three-dimensional analog of an isoline.
Andrea Doria is a destroyer of the Italian Navy.
Caio Duilio is a destroyer of the Italian Navy.
Iteris Inc. is an American company based in Santa Ana, California that provides consulting services and produces sensors and other devices that record and predict traffic and weather conditions.
Ivan Ray Tannehill (1890 – May 2, 1959) was a lieutenant at Fort Story, Virginia soon after World War I,Monthly Weather Review (October 1919).
Ivo Karlović (born 28 February 1979, Zagreb) is a Croatian professional tennis player.
Iwasaki's snail-eater, Pareas iwasakii, is a species of snake in the family Pareidae.
Jacqueline "Jackie" Johnson (born January 23, 1980) is an American weather forecaster and television personality for KCBS-TV news at 5, 6 and 11:00 pm in Los Angeles, California.
Jackson State University (Jackson State or JSU) is a public historically Black college and university ("HBCU") in Jackson, Mississippi, United States.
The Jackson–Harmsworth expedition to Franz Josef Land, 1894–97, was led by British Arctic explorer Frederick George Jackson and financed by newspaper proprietor Alfred Harmsworth.
Jacob Aall Bonnevie Bjerknes (in English; November 2, 1897 – July 7, 1975) was a meteorologist.
Jacqueline Clay Shumiatcher, (born April 29, 1923) is a Canadian philanthropist, arts patron, and art collector.
Jacques Babinet (5 March 1794 – 21 October 1872) was a French physicist, mathematician, and astronomer who is best known for his contributions to optics.
Jacques-Théodore Saconney (18 January 1874 in Turin, Italy – 14 July 1935 in Dijon, France) was a Senior French Army General, a scientist, and an adventurous balloonist.
Jagadish Shukla (born 1944) is an Indian meteorologist and Distinguished University Professor at George Mason University in the United States.
James Calvin Sadler (February 9, 1920 – September 2, 2005) was an American meteorologist, and a professor in tropical meteorology at the University of Hawaii, where he taught for 22 years.
James Capper (1743–1825) was a British army officer of the East India Company, known as a writer and meteorologist.
James Clerk Maxwell (13 June 1831 – 5 November 1879) was a Scottish scientist in the field of mathematical physics.
James Edward McDonald (May 7, 1920 – June 13, 1971) was an American physicist.
James Glaisher FRS (7 April 1809 – 7 February 1903) was an English meteorologist, aeronaut and astronomer.
James Henry Coffin (September 6, 1806 – February 6, 1873) was an American mathematician and meteorologist.
James Hutton (3 June 1726 – 26 March 1797) was a Scottish geologist, physician, chemical manufacturer, naturalist, and experimental agriculturalist.
James Jurin FRS FRCP (baptised 15 December 168429 March 1750) was an English scientist and physician, particularly remembered for his early work in capillary action and in the epidemiology of smallpox vaccination.
Very Rev James Meek DD FRSE (1742–1810) (or Meik) was Minister of Cambuslang from 1774 until his death.
James Murdoch Austin (May 25, 1915 – November 26, 2000) was a New Zealand American meteorologist.
Sir James Murray (1788–1871) was an Irish physician, whose research into digestion led to his discovery of the stomach aid Milk of Magnesia in 1809.
James O'Brien (born August 10, 1935, died September 20, 2016) was an emeritus Robert O. Lawton Professor of Meteorology and Oceanography at Florida State University.
James Pollard Espy (or the Storm King) (May 9, 1785 – January 24, 1860) was a U.S. meteorologist.
James Prinsep (20 August 1799 – 22 April 1840) was an English scholar, orientalist and antiquary.
James Six FRS (1731 – 25 August 1793) was a British scientist born in Canterbury.
James Spann (born June 6, 1956 in Huntsville, Alabama) is a television meteorologist based in Birmingham, Alabama.
Group Captain James Martin Stagg, CB, OBE, FRSE (30 June 1900 – 23 June 1975) was a British Royal Air Force meteorologist who notably persuaded General Dwight D. Eisenhower to change the date of the Allied invasion of Europe in World War II, from the 5th of June to the 6th of June 1944.
James Thomas Moore (February 8, 1952 – July 25, 2006) was an American meteorologist who advanced isentropic analysis, jet stream dynamics, cyclogenesis, and heavy precipitation forecasting.
Jan Mayen is a Norwegian volcanic island situated in the Arctic Ocean.
Janice Dean is a Canadian meteorologist, TV host, and author.
Janice Huff (born September 1, 1960) is chief meteorologist for WNBC in New York City.
Jannette Behrndtz Frandsen is a researcher and consultant who works in many fields including nearshore hydrodynamics, aeroelasticity, numerical analysis, computational fluid dynamics, coastal modeling, experimental fluid mechanics, sloshing, coastal erosion, climate change related problems, e.g., sea level rise, natural hazards (storms, tsunamis), wind energy, biomimetics, wave energy.
The following events occurred in January 1902.
The January 2008 Western North American storm complex was a powerful Pacific extratropical cyclone that affected a large portion of North America, primarily stretching from western British Columbia to near the Tijuana, Mexico area, starting on January 3, 2008.
The January 2014 Gulf Coast winter storm was a somewhat rare winter storm that impacted the eastern and southeastern United States, as well as Mexico, most notably the Gulf Coast region, which rarely receives frozen precipitation.
The January 2016 United States blizzard was a crippling and historic blizzard that produced up to 3 ft (91 cm) of snow in parts of the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast United States from January 22 to January 24, 2016.
The, JMA, is an agency of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism.
Jason Lindsey aka "Mr.
Jason Samenow is an American meteorologist and weather journalist.
Jörg Andreas Kachelmann (born 15 July 1958 in Lörrach, Germany) is a Swiss presenter, journalist and entrepreneur in the meteorological field.
Jørgen Holmboe (November 8, 1902 – October 29, 1979) was a Norwegian-American meteorologist.
Jean Alt (8 August 1921 – 22 July 1991) was a French scientist and meteorologist.
Jean Charles Athanase Peltier (22 February 1785 – 27 October 1845) was a French physicist.
Jean Coulomb (7 November 1904 – 26 February 1999) was a French geophysicist and mathematician, and one of the early members of the Bourbaki group of mathematicians.
Jean Frédéric Frenet (7 February 1816 – 12 June 1900) was a French mathematician, astronomer, and meteorologist.
Jean Meeus (born 12 December 1928) is a Belgian meteorologist and amateur astronomer specializing in celestial mechanics, spherical and mathematical astronomy.
Jean-André Deluc or de Luc (8 February 1727 – 7 November 1817) was a Swiss geologist, natural philosopher and meteorologist.
Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic.
Jeffrey W. Frame is an American atmospheric scientist known for observational and modeling studies of severe convective storms and for teaching meteorology.
Jeffrey Keith "Jeff" Skilling (born November 25, 1953) is a former American businessman best known as the CEO of Enron Corporation during the Enron scandal.
Jen Carfagno (born July 19, 1979) is an American television meteorologist, currently working for The Weather Channel (TWC).
Jennifer Lopez is an American on-camera meteorologist for WSB-TV in Atlanta, Georgia and The Weather Channel.
Jerome Namias (19 March 1910 – 10 February 1997) was an American meteorologist, whose research included El Niño.
Jerry Hodak (born April 11, 1942), p. 3621 (1978) is the former Chief Meteorologist on ABC's Detroit, Michigan affiliate, WXYZ-TV.
Jerry Michael Straka is an American atmospheric scientist with expertise microphysics of clouds, cloud modeling, and dynamics of severe convection in conjunction with weather radar.
Jerry Taft (born March 14, 1943) is a retired meteorologist who served as chief meteorologist for WLS-TV in Chicago.
James "Jim" D. Cantore (born February 16, 1964) is an American meteorologist.
Jim Castillo Phillips has been an American broadcast television meteorologist for 27 years and made millions doing it.
Jim Eason is a conservative talk radio personality who hosted broadcasts from 1966 to 2000 in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Jim Forest (born 2 November 1941 in Salt Lake City, Utah) is a writer, Orthodox Christian lay theologian, educator, and peace activist.
Jim Giles (1939–December 20, 2006) was a longtime television meteorologist with CBS affiliate KOTV, Channel 6 in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Jim Kosek is an American television meteorologist formerly serving as Chief Meteorologist at WGCL-TV, CBS46, in Atlanta.
Jim Ott (born June 5, 1947) is a Wisconsin politician and former television meteorologist.
Jimmy Stewart (born 1941) was the chief meteorologist for KVOA-TV 4 in Tucson, Arizona from 1990 until his retirement in 2011, and is among the most well-known television personalities in the area.
is the pen name of popular Japanese historical novelist.
Jo Farrow is a British broadcast meteorologist.
Joanna Dorothy Haigh, (born 7 May 1954) is a British physicist and academic.
Joanne Simpson (born Joanne Gerould; March 23, 1923 – March 4, 2010) was the first woman to ever receive a Ph.D. in meteorology.
Joe Bastardi (born July 18, 1955) is a professional meteorologist and weather forecaster known for his opinions on weather and global warming.
Joseph William DeNardo (November 27, 1930 – June 15, 2018) was an American meteorologist best known for his work at WTAE-TV in Pittsburgh.
Joe Lizura (born Joseph Raymond Lizura, April 4, 1961) is an American television meteorologist as well as an actor, spokesperson, author and television show developer, writer and producer.
Joel N. Myers is founder, president and chairman of the board of AccuWeather, Inc., an American commercial weather service.
Dutch East Indies). Johan Maurits Mohr (ca. 18 August 1716, Eppingen – 25 October 1775, Batavia) was a Dutch-German pastor who studied at Groningen University from 1733 and settled in Batavia (Dutch East Indies) in 1737.
Johann Christian Poggendorff (29 December 1796 – 24 January 1877), was a German physicist born in Hamburg.
Johann Heinrich von Mädler (May 29, 1794, Berlin – March 14, 1874, Hannover) was a German astronomer.
Johannes Hendricus van der Palm (17 July 1763 – 8 September 1840) was a Dutch linguist, professor of (i) oriental languages and Hebrew antiquities and (ii) sacred poetry and rhetoric at Leiden University, educationist, theologian, Dutch Reformed Church minister, Bible translator, politician and orator.
Johannes Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630) was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer.
Johannes Peter Letzmann (19 July 1885 – 21 May 1971) was an Estonian meteorologist, and a pioneering tornado researcher.
Johann(es) Werner (Ioannis Vernerus; February 14, 1468 – May 1522) was a German mathematician.
The Johannessen Nunataks are an isolated, ridgelike outcropping of rocks about long, standing south of Mount Weihaupt in the southern extremity of the Outback Nunataks, Victoria Land, Antarctica.
John Atkinson Knauss (September 1, 1925 – November 19, 2015) was an American oceanographer, meteorologist and former administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) from 1989 to 1993.
John Aitken, FRS, FRSE (18 September 1839 – 14 November 1919) was a Scottish meteorologist, physicist and marine engineer.
John Allan Broun FRS (21 September 1817 – 22 November 1879) was a Scottish scientist with interests in magnetism, particularly of the earth, and meteorology.
John Campanius (Swedish: Johannes Jonæ Holmiensis Campanius; August 15, 1601 – September 17, 1683), also known as John Campanius Holm, was a Swedish Lutheran priest assigned to the New Sweden colony.
John Constable, (11 June 1776 – 31 March 1837) was an English landscape painter in the naturalistic tradition.
John Dalton FRS (6 September 1766 – 27 July 1844) was an English chemist, physicist, and meteorologist.
John Delaney (1811 – April 26, 1883) was an Irish-born civil servant, meteorologist and political figure in Newfoundland.
John Drew (1809-17 Dec. 1857), was a self-educated English astronomer.
John E. Pickering (27 April 1918 – 19 September 1997) was a pioneer in the field of radiobiology, aviation medicine and space medicine and a Colonel in the United States Air Force.
John Edd Thompson is a former chief meteorologist for WALA-TV in Mobile, Alabama.
Sir John Eliot, KCIE (1839–1908), meteorologist, born at Lamesley in Durham on 25 May 1839, was son of Peter Elliott of Lamesley, schoolmaster, by his wife Margaret.
Sir John Neil Falvey, K.B.E. Q.C. was a New Zealand-born lawyer, who served as Attorney General of Fiji from 1970 to 1977.
John Findlater (19 May 1926 – 28 March 2013) was a leading Scottish meteorologist, aviation expert and air crash investigator who worked with the British Meteorological Office from 1945 until his retirement in 1989.
John Hailstone (13 December 1759 – 9 June 1847) was an English geologist He was placed at an early age under the care of a maternal uncle at York, and was sent to Beverley school in the East Riding.
John Michael Hammond (born 9 April 1966) is a meteorologist and an English weather forecaster for the BBC.
John Hartnup Jr. (1841 – 21 April 1892) was the second director of the Liverpool Observatory (which has since moved to become the Bidston Observatory) located at the West Waterloo Dock on the River Mersey in Liverpool, England.
John Raymond Hope (May 14, 1919 – June 13, 2002) was an American meteorologist who specialized in hurricane forecasting and was an on-air personality on The Weather Channel.
John Graham Kettley (born 11 July 1952 in Halifax, West Yorkshire) is an English freelance weatherman.
John A. Knox is a meteorologist who researches clear-air turbulence (CAT) and who also received media attention for discussing ways of calculating the mathematical constant ''e'', together with inventor Harlan J. Brothers.
Sir John Knox Laughton (23 April 1830 – 14 September 1915) was a British naval historian and arguably the first to argue for the importance of the subject as an independent field of study.
John MacKay Bernard of Dunsinnan and Buttergask FRSE (1857–1919) was a Scottish brewer, philanthropist and noted amateur meteorologist.
John Michael Wallace (born October 28, 1940), is a professor of Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Washington, as well as the former director of the Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean (JISAO)—a joint research venture between the University of Washington and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
John Morales is a meteorologist born in Schenectady, New York and raised in Puerto Rico.
John Mullan, Jr. (July 31, 1830 – December 28, 1909) was an American soldier, explorer, civil servant, and road builder.
John Nielsen-Gammon (born 1962) is an American meteorologist and climatologist.
John Park Finley (April 11, 1854 – November 24, 1943) was an American meteorologist and Army Signal Service officer who was the first person to study tornadoes intensively.
John Patrick (b. April 16, 1974) is the Chief Meteorologist at WZVN-TV in Fort Myers, Florida.
John Sidney Adcock Green (1931–2012) was a British meteorologist.
John Scouler (31 December 1804 – 13 November 1871), was a Scottish naturalist.
John Harold Smith (21 April 1927 – 4 May 2002) was an English sociologist.
John Somers Dines (18 June 1885 – 15 May 1980) was an English meteorologist.
John Templeton (1766–1825) was an early Irish naturalist and botanist.
Very Rev Prof John Walker DD MD FRSE (1731–1803) was a Scottish minister and natural historian.
John Westell (March 11, 1921 – January 1989) was an English sailboat designer, who is noted for designing the 505 sailing dinghy and the Ocean Bird class of trimarans.
John W. Zillman AO (born 28 July 1939) is an Australian meteorologist, and former President of the World Meteorological Organization and the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering (ATSE).
Johnny Mountain is a retired weathercaster for both KABC-TV and KCBS-TV in Los Angeles, California.
Jonathan M. "Jon" Davies is an American meteorologist, storm chaser, and author.
Jon Mitchell is a British meteorologist.
Jonathan Shanklin is a meteorologist who has worked at the British Antarctic Survey since 1977.
Jonathan Michael Gregory is a climate modeller working on mechanisms of global and large-scale change in climate and sea level on multidecadal and longer timescales and the Met Office and the University of Reading.
Iordache Cuparencu (born 1784, Iaşi - died 1844, Warsaw) was a Polish circus artist, aeronautics pioneer and engineer of Moldavian-Romanian descent.
José Antonio de Alzate y Ramírez (21 November 1737 – 2 February 1799 "". Hombres ilustres del Estado de Mexico. URL accessed 2006-09-28.) was a priest in New Spain, scientist, historian, cartographer, and journalist.
José Carlos Millás (January 22, 1889 – November 28, 1965) was a Cuban meteorologist.
José María Algué, SJ (29 December 1856 – 27 May 1930), was a Spanish Roman Catholic priest and meteorologist in the observatory of Manila.
Josef Roman Lorenz, later ennobled as Josef Roman Lorenz Ritter von Liburnau (26 November 1825, Linz - 13 November 1911, Vienna) was an Austrian naturalist.
Joseph Bernard Klemp is an American atmospheric scientist who collaborated in groundbreaking work advancing numerical simulation techniques and uncovering the dynamics of atmospheric convection, including supercell thunderstorms, tornadoes, squall lines, as well as mountain waves.
Joseph D'Aleo is a certified consultant meteorologist and the first Director of Meteorology at The Weather Channel.
Joseph G. Galway (December 3, 1922 – June 29, 1998), was an American meteorologist pioneering in the fields of severe convective storm forecasting and research.
Joseph Galien OP (born 1699, Saint-Paulien, France) was a Dominican professor of philosophy and theology at the University of Avignon, meteorologist, physicist, and writer on aeronautics.
Sir Joseph Henry Gilbert, Fellow of the Royal Society (1 August 1817 – 23 December 1901) was an English chemist, noteworthy for his long career spent improving the methods of practical agriculture.
Joseph Otis Fletcher (May 16, 1920 – July 6, 2008) was an American Air Force pilot and polar explorer.
Joseph Smagorinsky (29 January 1924 – 21 September 2005) was an American meteorologist and the first director of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)'s Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL).
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Joshua Childrey (1623–1670) was an English churchman and academic, antiquary and astrologer, the archdeacon of Salisbury from 1664.
Josiah Meigs (August 21, 1757 – September 4, 1822) was an American academic, journalist and government official.
The Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology (formerly Journal of Applied Meteorology) is a scientific journal published by the American Meteorological Society.
Judd Gregg Meteorology Institute (JGMI), established in 2003, is the center of meteorological and atmospheric research at Plymouth State University, which offers the only meteorology degree program in the state of New Hampshire.
Judicial astrology is the art of forecasting events by calculation of the planetary and stellar bodies and their relationship to the Earth.
Judith Ralston is a Scottish weather presenter, and former singer.
Jule Gregory Charney (January 1, 1917 – June 16, 1981) was an American meteorologist who played an important role in developing weather prediction.
Dame Julia Mary Slingo, (née Walker; born 13 December 1950) is a British meteorologist and climate scientist.
Julian Charles Roland Hunt, Baron Hunt of Chesterton (born 5 September 1941) is a British meteorologist who was Director General and Chief Executive of the British Meteorological Office from 1992 to 1997.
Julie Bologna is an American television meteorologist.
Julius Bartels (August 17, 1899, Magdeburg – March 6, 1964) was a German geophysicist and statistician who made notable contributions to the physics of the Sun and Moon; to geomagnetism and meteorology; and to the physics of the ionosphere.
Julius Ludwig Ideler (3 September 1809, in Berlin – 17 July 1842, in Berlin) was a German philologist and naturalist.
Julius Ferdinand von Hann (23 March 1839 in Wartberg ob der Aist near Linz – 1 October 1921 in Vienna) was an Austrian meteorologist.
June Esther Bacon-Bercey (née Griffin, born October 23, 1932) is an international expert on weather and aviation who has worked for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Weather Service and the Atomic Energy Commission.
Justice League of America is a 1997 television film and an unsuccessful pilot produced by CBS and directed by Félix Enríquez Alcalá, based on a team of fictional DC Comics superheroes from the comic of the same name.
Justin Girod-Chantrans (26 September 1750, Besançon – 1 April 1841, Besançon) was a French naturalist known for his pioneer research in the field of phycology.
Justin Lock is an American meteorologist for the Charleston, South Carolina TV Station, WCSC-TV.
Justus Perthes Publishers (Justus Perthes Verlag) was established in 1785 in Gotha, Germany.
Kalpathi Ramakrishna Ramanathan (28 February 189331 December 1984) was an Indian physicist and meteorologist.
Kuno Ruben Gabriel (1929–2003) was a statistician known for the inventing the biplot and the Gabriel graph and for his work in statistical meteorology.
Kaare Langlo (October 7, 1913 in Bergen, Norway – October 7, 1985 in Oslo) was a Norwegian meteorologist.
Kathryn "Kaddy" Lee-Preston (born 1978), is a British meteorologist and broadcaster.
Kandilli Observatory, or more formally Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute (KOERI, Kandilli Rasathanesi ve Deprem Araştırma Enstitüsü) is a Turkish observatory, which is also specialized on earthquake research.
Kara Janét Edwards (born February 17, 1977, Lubbock, Texas) is an American radio personality, and voice actress at Funimation/OkraTron 5000.
KARE, virtual and VHF digital channel 11, is an NBC-affiliated television station licensed to Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States and serving the Twin Cities television market.
Karel Janoušek, KCB (30 October 1893 – 27 October 1971) was a senior Czechoslovak Air Force officer.
In the theory of stochastic processes, the Karhunen–Loève theorem (named after Kari Karhunen and Michel Loève), also known as the Kosambi–Karhunen–Loève theorem is a representation of a stochastic process as an infinite linear combination of orthogonal functions, analogous to a Fourier series representation of a function on a bounded interval.
Karl Ernst Ritter von Baer, Edler von Huthorn (Карл Эрнст фон Бэр; –) was an Estonian scientist and explorer.
Karl Jelinek (23 April 1822 in Brünn – 19 October 1876 in Vienna) was an Austrian physicist and meteorologist.
Karl Johann Kiessling (February 6, 1839 – July 22, 1905) was a German physicist, mathematician, and botanist born in Culm; today Chełmno, Poland.
Karl Kreil (1798–1862) was an Austrian meteorologist and astronomer, born in Ried.
Karl Otto Heinrich Lange, Dr.-Ing.
Karl Pearson HFRSE LLD (originally named Carl; 27 March 1857 – 27 April 1936) was an English mathematician and biostatistician. He has been credited with establishing the discipline of mathematical statistics. He founded the world's first university statistics department at University College London in 1911, and contributed significantly to the field of biometrics, meteorology, theories of social Darwinism and eugenics. Pearson was also a protégé and biographer of Sir Francis Galton.
Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.
Kasprowy Wierch or Kasprov vrch (in Slovak; sometimes Kasper Peak) is a mountain in the Western Tatras.
Katharine M. Kanak is an American atmospheric scientist with noted publications on the dynamics and morphologies of atmospheric vortices, including tornadoes, tropical cyclones, misocyclones and landspouts, and dust devils both terrestrial and Martian.
Kathleen A. Deagan is an American archaeologist who primarily focuses on excavations in Florida and the Caribbean.
Kathleen "Kathy" Orr is a meteorologist, for the Fox 29 Weather Authority team on WTXF in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Keeley Emma Donovan (born 14 May 1983) is an English journalist and broadcaster, currently working for the BBC as a weather presenter for television and radio services in the North of England.
Keenan Smith (born October 31, 1972, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an American television broadcaster who has been the morning and noon meteorologist at WXYZ-TV in Detroit, Michigan since late September 2010.
Keesler Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located in Biloxi, a city along the Gulf Coast in Harrison County, Mississippi, United States.
Keith Anthony Browning (born 31 July 1938) is a British meteorologist who worked at Imperial College London, the Met Office, and the University of Reading departments of meteorology.
Keith Peter Shine (born 19 April 1958) FRS is the Regius Professor of Meteorology and Climate Science at the University of Reading.
Kenneth John Barlow (born 1962) is an American television meteorologist currently with KSTP-TV in Minneapolis.
Kenneth W. Reeves (May 22, 1961 – March 25, 2012) was a meteorologist with the American media company AccuWeather from 1983 until his death in 2012.
The William J. and John F. Kennedy College of Sciences at the University of Massachusetts Lowell is so named for the Kennedy family and their contributions to the campus.
The Kermadec Islands (Rangitāhua in Māori) are a subtropical island arc in the South Pacific Ocean northeast of New Zealand's North Island, and a similar distance southwest of Tonga.
Kerry Andrew Emanuel (born April 21, 1955) is an American professor of meteorology currently working at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge.
is a real-time tactics video game produced by Koei and published by Electronic Arts.
KESZ (99.9 KEZ FM) is an adult contemporary radio station based in Phoenix, Arizona.
Kevin Benson is a television meteorologist for WPXI in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Kevin Coe (born Frederick Harlan Coe on February 2, 1947http://www.kndo.com/Global/story.asp?S.
Kevin O'Connell (born 1948 or 1949) is the chief weather anchor for WGRZ-TV, the NBC affiliate in Buffalo, New York.
KFVS-TV is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Cape Girardeau, Missouri, United States, serving Southeastern Missouri, the Purchase area of Western Kentucky, and Southern Illinois.
KGAN is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Cedar Rapids, Iowa, United States and serving the Eastern Iowa television market (Cedar Rapids–Waterloo–Iowa City–Dubuque).
KGWN-TV is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Cheyenne, Wyoming, United States. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on UHF channel 30 (or virtual channel 5 via PSIP) from a transmitter in unincorporated Laramie County (west of Cheyenne) between I-80/U.S. 30 and WYO 225. Owned by Gray Television, KGWN has studios on East Lincolnway/East 14th Street/I-80 Business/U.S. 30 in Cheyenne. The station also operates a digital fill-in translator, K19FX-D (channel 19), in Laramie from a transmitter in unincorporated Albany County near the Medicine Bow – Routt National Forest's northwestern boundary. KGWN operates an NBC affiliate on its second digital subchannel. Most programming, including news, on this subchannel initially came from sister station KCWY-DT of Casper, the NBC affiliate for most of Wyoming; it operates a low-powered analog satellite in Cheyenne, KCHY-LP. However, it branded as "NBC Cheyenne", and aired separate legal identifications and local commercial inserts., channel 5.2 is a simulcast of KNEP in Scottsbluff, Nebraska, itself a semi-satellite of KNOP-TV from North Platte. KGWN operates the area's CW affiliate on a third digital subchannel, which carries the branding "Cheyenne CW". The channel is carried in Wyoming on Charter Spectrum channel 2 and in Nebraska on Spectrum channel 18. KSTF in Scottsbluff operates as a semi-satellite of KGWN. This station broadcasts a high definition digital signal on UHF channel 29 (or virtual channel 10 via PSIP) from a transmitter along N-71 at the Scotts Bluff–Sioux county line. It can also be seen locally in Nebraska on Spectrum channel 6. The station is a full-time simulcast of KGWN except for preempting Dr. Phil on weeknights in favor of Recipe.tv and Justice for All with Judge Cristina Perez. (Dr. Phil is available to Scottsbluff viewers on KNEP-DT2, a satellite of Rapid City, South Dakota-based ABC affiliate KOTA-TV.) KSTF also airs separate legal IDs and commercials during all programming. Although KSTF's master control and most internal operations are based out of KGWN's Cheyenne facility, the station maintains an advertising sales office on North 10th Street/N-71 Business in Gering, Nebraska. There is no separate web address for KSTF, but Nebraska-specific headlines are provided through KGWN's website.
The ninth season of King of the Hill originally aired Sundays at 7:00–7:30 p.m. (EST) on the Fox Broadcasting Company from November 7, 2004 to May 15, 2005.
The King Sejong Station is a research station for the Korea Antarctic Research Program that is named after King Sejong the Great of Joseon (1397–1450).
In cryptanalysis, a kiss is a pair of identical messages sent using different ciphers, one of which has been broken.
KLAX-TV is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Alexandria, Louisiana, United States.
The knot is a unit of speed equal to one nautical mile per hour, exactly 1.852 km/h (approximately 1.15078 mph).
The Kodaikanal Solar Observatory is a solar observatory owned and operated by the Indian Institute of Astrophysics.
Konrad Johannes Karl Büttner, or Buettner (6 October 1903 – 14 November 1970) was a German-American meteorologist, bioclimatologist and university professor.
Kopperl (pronounced KOP-er-ul) is an unincorporated community in Bosque County, Texas, United States.
Kozma Fyodorovich Spassky-Avtonomov (Козьма Фёдорович Спасский-Автономов) was born in 1807, in Zakharovka, now Lipetsk Oblast and died in 1890.
Kristine Hanson (born September 23, 1951 in Illinois) is an American television broadcaster who also was Playboy magazine's Playmate of the Month for the September 1974 issue.
KRMD (1340 AM, "100.7 FM & 1340 AM The Ticket") is a sports formatted radio station licensed to Shreveport, Louisiana and serving the Ark-La-Tex region.
Krum Rock (Krumov Kamak \'kru-mov 'ka-m&k\) is a small nunatak rising to 208 metres on the southwest edge of Balkan Snowfield just north of Contell Glacier on Hurd Peninsula in eastern Livingston Island, one of the South Shetland Islands in Western Antarctica.
KSLA, virtual channel 12 (UHF digital channel 17), is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Shreveport, Louisiana, United States.
KSTP-TV, virtual channel 5 (UHF digital channel 35), is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States and serving the Twin Cities television market.
KXAS-TV, virtual channel 5 (UHF digital channel 24), is an NBC owned-and-operated television station licensed to Fort Worth, Texas, United States and serving the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex.
L.A. Story is a 1991 American satirical romantic fantasy comedy-drama film written by and starring Steve Martin, and directed by Mick Jackson.
--> La Cartografía Mallorquina (The Majorcan cartography) is a book of essays on the Majorcan portolans written by Professor Julio Rey Pastor with the collaboration of Ernesto García Camarero.
La Porte (French for "The Door") is a city in LaPorte County, Indiana, United States, of which it is the county seat.
Lake Swannanoa is a residential lake community located within Jefferson Township, in Morris County, New Jersey, United States.
Lakshmi Nandan Bora is an Indian novelist and short story writer in Assamese language, known for over 60 books he has authored, including award winning novels, Patal Bhairavi and Kayakalpa.
Lam Chiu-ying, SBS, also known by the nickname 'Black Ying', is a Hong Kong meteorologist, bird-watcher, conservationist and blogger.
Lancaster High School is a high school in Lancaster, New York, United States that serves grades 9-12.
The three lands of Denmark historically formed the Danish kingdom from its unification and consolidation in the 10th century.
Landsat 1, originally named "Earth Resources Technology Satellite 1", was the first satellite of the United States' Landsat program.
Lapse rate is the rate at which Earth's atmospheric temperature decreases with an increase in altitude, or increases with the decrease in altitude.
Larry R. Johnson was a noted meteorologist.
Larry Vardiman is a Creationist scientist with a Ph.D. in Atmospheric Science from Colorado State University.
The Late May 2010 Tornado Outbreak was a tornado outbreak that begun on May 22, 2010 and ended May 25.
Latent heat is thermal energy released or absorbed, by a body or a thermodynamic system, during a constant-temperature process — usually a first-order phase transition.
The Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre (Latvijas Vides, ģeoloģijas un meteoroloģijas centrs; LVĢMC) is a governmental service under the Ministry of Environment of Latvia The main objectives of the centre are to collect and process environmental information, carry out environmental monitoring and inform the society on the environmental situation, as well as, ensure the geologic supervision and rational use of natural resources and realize state policies in the spheres of geology, meteorology, climatology, hydrology, air quality, and cross-border air pollution influence.
(Lauffen) is a town in the district of Heilbronn, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Laura Elizabeth Tobin (born 10 October 1981) is an English broadcast meteorologist, currently employed by Good Morning Britain.
Lawrence Hogben (14 April 1916 – 20 January 2015) was a New Zealand-born Royal Navy officer and meteorologist who provided vital weather forecasts for the Allied D-Day landings in Normandy in 1944.
Major Cav. Lawrence Edward Lotito OMRI, OSSI (10 May 1921 - 18 December 2004) was an American business owner, meteorologist, and major in the United States Air Force.
Laxman Singh Rathore is an Indian scientist, former Director General of India Meteorological Department, New Delhi.
Lazzaro Spallanzani (10 January 1729 – 12 February 1799) was an Italian Catholic priest, biologist and physiologist who made important contributions to the experimental study of bodily functions, animal reproduction, and animal echolocation.
László Menyhárth (30 May 1849 – 16 November 1897 in Boroma, South Africa) was a Hungarian missionary and botanical collector.
Léon Philippe Teisserenc de Bort (5 November 1855 in Paris, France – 2 January 1913 in Cannes, France) was a French meteorologist and a pioneer in the field of aerology.
The Leaning Tower of Nevyansk (Невья́нская ба́шня) is a tower in the town of Nevyansk in Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia, built in the 18th century.
Lee Goldberg (born October 4, 1972) is an American meteorologist at New York City's WABC-TV, where he anchors Eyewitness News Accu-Weather coverage at 4pm, 5pm, 6pm and 11pm.
In meteorology, lee waves are atmospheric stationary waves.
Leif Johan Sverdrup (11 January 1898 – 2 January 1976) was a Norwegian-born American civil engineer and general with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in the first half of the 20th century.
Leningradskaya station was a Soviet Antarctic research station, located in the northern shore of Victoria Land, at the Oates Coast.
Lennart Bengtsson (born) is a Swedish meteorologist.
General Leon William Johnson (13 September 1904 – 10 November 1997) was a United States Air Force general who was awarded the Medal of Honor for leading the attack on the Ploesti oil fields during World War II.
Leonard Duncan Albert Hussey, OBE (6 June 1891 – 25 February 1964) was an English meteorologist, archaeologist, explorer, medical doctor and member of Ernest Shackleton's Imperial Trans-Antarctic and Shackleton–Rowett Expeditions.
Leonard Jaczewski, Леонард Антонович Ячевский, Leonard Yachevsky (1858-1916) was a Polish geologist, geographer, engineer and explorer of Siberia.
Leopold Pfaundler von Hadermur (14 February 1839 – 6 May 1920) was an Austrian physicist and chemist born in Innsbruck.
Leslie Kish (born László Kiss, July 27, 1910 – October 7, 2000) was a Hungarian-American statistician and survey methodologist.
Leslie R. Lemon (born January 19, 1947) is an American meteorologist bridging research and forecasting with expertise in weather radar, particular regarding severe convective storms.
Lev Solomonovich Aronin (Лев Соломонович Аронин; 20 July 1920, Kuibyshev – 4 October 1982, Moscow) was a Soviet International Master of chess.
The Lewis and Clark Expedition from May 1804 to September 1806, also known as the Corps of Discovery Expedition, was the first American expedition to cross the western portion of the United States.
Lewis Fry Richardson, FRS (11 October 1881 – 30 September 1953) was an English mathematician, physicist, meteorologist, psychologist and pacifist who pioneered modern mathematical techniques of weather forecasting, and the application of similar techniques to studying the causes of wars and how to prevent them.
Class Q: Science is a classification used by the Library of Congress Classification system.
Lidar (also called LIDAR, LiDAR, and LADAR) is a surveying method that measures distance to a target by illuminating the target with pulsed laser light and measuring the reflected pulses with a sensor.
Lift is a meteorological phenomenon used as an energy source by soaring aircraft and soaring birds.
Lightning is a sudden electrostatic discharge that occurs typically during a thunderstorm.
Lindenwood University is a private, coeducational, liberal arts university located in Saint Charles, Missouri, United States.
A line source, as opposed to a point source, area source, or volume source, is a source of air, noise, water contamination or electromagnetic radiation that emanates from a linear (one-dimensional) geometry.
Linguistic purism in Icelandic is the policy of substituting loanwords with the creation of new words from Old Icelandic and Old Norse roots and preventing new loanwords from entering the language.
This is a list of notable tornadoes, tornado outbreaks, and tornado outbreak sequences that have occurred in Canada in the 21st century.
This page contains a representative list of major databases and search engines useful in an academic setting for finding and accessing articles in academic journals, repositories, archives, or other collections of scientific and other articles.
The following outline is provided as an overview of an topical guide to academic disciplines: An academic discipline or field of study is known as a branch of knowledge.
This list of Alpha Kappa Alpha sorors (commonly referred to as AKAs) includes initiated and honorary members of Alpha Kappa Alpha (ΑΚΑ), the first inter-collegiate Greek-letter sorority established for Black college women.
The following is a list of notable alumni of Central High School in Philadelphia.
This is a list of astronomical observatories ordered by name, along with initial dates of operation (where an accurate date is available) and location.
This is a list of atheists in science and technology.
A glossary of abbreviations used in relation to aviation, in alphabetical order.
Big Brother, the American version of the worldwide television show, features contestants (called houseguests) that compete against each other to be the last Big Brother house resident and win $500,000.
In total, 14 HouseGuest appeared on the sixth edition of the CBS reality series Big Brother.
This is a list of notable black Canadians, inclusive of multiracial people who are of partially black descent.
The following is a list and timeline of innovations as well as inventions and discoveries that involved British people or the United Kingdom including predecessor states in the history of the formation of the United Kingdom.
The Canadian Armed Forces currently lists 84 military occupations that are performed by either officer or non-commissioned members.
Cartography is the study of map making and cartographers are map makers.
The following is a list of centenarians – specifically, people who became famous as scientists and mathematicians – known for reasons other than their longevity.
This is a list of Christians in science and technology.
Citizen science projects are activities sponsored by a wide variety of organizations so non-scientists can meaningfully contribute to scientific research.
This list of civil engineers is a list of notable people who have been trained in or have practiced civil engineering.
This list of climate scientists contains famous or otherwise notable persons who have contributed to the study of climate science.
The list of cloud types classifies the tropospheric genera as high (cirrus, cirrocumulus, cirrostratus), middle (altocumulus, altostratus), multi-level (nimbostratus, cumulus, cumulonimbus), and low (stratocumulus, stratus) according to the altitude level or levels at which each is normally found.
This a list of current and former on-air staff of business news channel CNBC.
The following is a list of notable current and past news anchors, correspondents, hosts, regular contributors and meteorologists from the CNN, CNN International and HLN news networks.
This list of Cornell University alumni includes notable graduates, non-graduate former students, and current students of Cornell University, an Ivy League university located in Ithaca, New York.
This list of cultural icons of England is a list of people and things from any period which are independently considered to be cultural icons characteristic of England.
Cyberchase is an American–Canadian math, environmental sciences, and meteorology cartoon on PBS Kids.
This list of DePauw University alumni includes notable alumni of DePauw University, an American institution of higher education located in Greencastle, Indiana.
The Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) is structured around ten main classes covering the entire world of knowledge; each main class is further structured into ten hierarchical divisions, each having ten sections of increasing specificity.
This is an incomplete list of DIN standards.
This is a list of characters from the American television series Drake & Josh, which aired on Nickelodeon from 2004 to 2007.
English inventions and discoveries are objects, processes or techniques invented, innovated or discovered, partially or entirely, in England by a person from England (that is, someone born in England - including to non-English parents - or born abroad with at least one English parent and who had the majority of their education or career in England).
Découvertes Gallimard is a French encyclopaedic collection of illustrated pocket books published by Éditions Gallimard since 1986.
This is a list of topics on which environmental organizations focus.
The equipment of the United States Air Force can be subdivided into: aircraft, ammunition, weapons, satellites, and ground vehicles.
The following is a list of episodes of the American science fiction television drama Eureka.
The European Space Agency (ESA) operates a number of missions, both operational and scientific, including collaborations with other national space administrations such as the Japanese JAXA, the French CNES, the American NASA, and the Chinese CNSA.
Among the most violent known meteorological events are tornadoes.
Fellowship of the Royal Society is open to scientists, engineers and technologists from the United Kingdom and Commonwealth of Nations, on the basis of having made "a substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science and medical science".
Below is a list of fictional television shows.
Statistics is the mathematical science involving the collection, analysis and interpretation of data.
This is the list of the fields of doctoral studies in the United States used for the annual Survey of Earned Doctorates, conducted by NORC at the University of Chicago for the National Science Foundation and other federal agencies, as used for the 2015 survey.
This is a list of characters that appear in the animated television show Franklin.
A geologist is a contributor to the science of geology.
This is a list of geophysicists, people who made notable contributions to geophysics, whether or not geophysics was their primary field.
This is a partial list of hobbies.
This is a list of human spaceflight programs, including successful programs, programs that were canceled, and programs planned for the future.
Mir (Мир,; lit. Peace or World) was a Soviet and later Russian space station, operational in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001.
This is a list of important publications in geology, organized by field.
This is a list of important publications in physics, organized by field.
In Our Time is a discussion programme on the history of ideas; it has been hosted since 1998 by Melvyn Bragg on BBC Radio 4 in the United Kingdom.
This is a list of notable Iranian-Americans of all Iranian ethnic backgrounds, including both original immigrants who obtained American citizenship and their American descendants.
A meteorological phenomenon is a weather event that can be explained by the principles of meteorology.
The following is a list of meteorology institutions around the world.
Michigan State University alumni number around 552,000 worldwide.
This is a list important milestones in Kannada literature starting with Kavirajamarga (850 C.E.). These writings are the earliest available works in each listed genre.
The following is a list of Minnesota weather records observed at various stations across the state during the last 100 years.
Mir (Мир,; lit. Peace or World) was a Soviet and later Russian space station, operational in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001.
The following is a list of notable people associated with Mississippi State University, located in the American city of Starkville, Mississippi.
This is a list of characters from the Monica's Gang franchise, created by Brazilian cartoonist Maurício de Sousa.
This is a list of National Cadet Special Activities conducted by Civil Air Patrol as a part of its congressional missions (Emergency Services, Aerospace Education, and Cadet Programs).
The District of Columbia, capital of the United States, is home to 74 National Historic Landmarks.
Types of natural phenomena include, but are not limited to, the following: Weather, fog, thunder, tornadoes; biological processes, decomposition, germination; physical processes, wave propagation, erosion; tidal flow, and natural disasters such as electromagnetic pulses, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes.
The following is a partial list of notable NYU Tandon School of Engineering alumni, and current and former faculty.
Parson-naturalists were ministers of religion who also studied natural history.
This is a list of famous individuals associated with the Pennsylvania State University, including graduates, former students, and professors.
The following is a list of people who are considered a "father" or "mother" (or "founding father" or "founding mother") of a scientific field.
The following people were all born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with the American city of Abilene, Texas.
The following list includes notable people who were born or have lived in Bangor, Maine.
This is a list of notable residents of Cincinnati, Ohio.
The following is a list of people from McPherson County, Kansas. Inclusion on the list should be reserved for notable people past and present who have resided in the county, either in cities or rural areas.
The following are people who were either born/raised or have lived for a significant period of time in Missouri.
This is a list of famous people who were born or have lived in Osijek, Croatia.
The following is a list of notable residents, natives, and persons generally associated with the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the fifth-largest city in the United States.
Among those who were born in the London Borough of Newham, or have dwelt within the borders of the modern borough, including Stratford, are (alphabetical order).
This is a list of Polish inventors and discoverers.
Before Christopher Columbus and the Spanish Conquistadors landed on the island of "Borikén" (Puerto Rico), the Tainos who inhabited the island depended on their astronomical observations for the cultivation of their crops.
The following is a list of the rasa'il (epistles) which compose the influential Neoplatonic encyclopedia, the Encyclopedia of the Brethren of Purity composed by the Brethren of Purity in the tenth century CE in Basra, Iraq.
This is a list of regions of Australia that are not Australian states or territories.
The list of Rice University people includes notable alumni, former students, faculty, and presidents of Rice University.
This list of Russian biologists includes the famous biologists from the Russian Federation, the Soviet Union, the Russian Empire and other predecessor states of Russia.
This list of Russian Earth scientists includes the notable geographers, geologists, oceanographers, meteorologists, ecologists and other representatives of Earth sciences from the Russian Federation, the Soviet Union, the Russian Empire and other predecessor states of Russia.
This is a list of people associated with the modern Russian Federation, the Soviet Union, Imperial Russia, Russian Tsardom, the Grand Duchy of Moscow, and other predecessor states of Russia.
The following is a list of notable alumni and faculty of Saint Petersburg State University in Russia.
Albert Einstein (1879–1955) was a renowned theoretical physicist of the 20th century, best known for his theories of special relativity and general relativity.
List of Scottish engineers and scientists is a list of notable Scottish scientists born in Scotland or associated with Scotland.
This is a list of sea captains.
This is a list of notable people of Serbia.
Severe weather phenomena are weather conditions that are hazardous to human life and property.
Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology is one of the highest multidisciplinary science awards in India.
Star Blazers consists of three television seasons.
This is a list of characters who appear in the superhero TV series Static Shock.
A list of friends, allies and associates of the DC Comics superhero Static.
The following are lists of notable people who died from suicide.
Swedish inventors are Swedish people who invented novel ideas, machines or tools.
Many American colleges offer programs of study which tag basic bachelor, master, and doctoral degrees with a particular speciality, as is common in the United Kingdom and elsewhere in the world.
Tau Kappa Epsilon brothers (commonly referred to as Tekes) are individuals who have been initiated into Tau Kappa Epsilon (TKE) Fraternity.
This is the list of fictional and non-fictional characters who appeared in The 39 Clues franchise.
The Office is a television series based on the British television comedy of the same name.
This is a list of things named for James Clerk Maxwell.
This is a list of amateur and professional explorers of the oceans, including Archaeologists, Treasure hunters, Biologists, Marine Geologists, Geophysicists, Ocean Engineers, Oceanographers, Submersible Designers, Pilots of Submersibles, Cave Divers, Cavers, and Speleologists, and First Generation Diving Safety Officers.
The United States Marine Corps Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) is a system of categorizing career fields.
This page contains a list of notable officers and sailors of the U.S. Navy.
United States Navy ratings are general enlisted occupations used by the U.S. Navy from the 18th century, which consisted of specific skills and abilities.
Washington is a state with many bodies of water to cross, including Puget Sound, Hood Canal, the Columbia River and numerous smaller rivers and creeks.
This is a list of devices used for recording various aspects of the weather.
This is a list of people of Welsh origin who are recognised as innovators or inventors who have made notable contributions to technical or theoretical world advancements.
This is a list of Welsh people (rhestr Cymry); an ethnic group and nation associated with Wales.
† not study.
The Lockheed WC-130 is a high-wing, medium-range aircraft used for weather reconnaissance missions by the United States Air Force.
Locus Map is a multi-functional Android navigation app adding advanced online and offline GPS capabilities to Android devices.
The 32 MW AC Long Island Solar Farm (LISF), located in Upton, New York, is the largest photovoltaic array in the eastern U.S. The LISF is made up of 164,312 solar panels from BP Solar which provide enough electricity for roughly 4,500 households.
Longde County is a county under the administration of Guyuan city in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China.
Longyearbyen ((literally The Longyear Town) is the largest settlement and the administrative centre of Svalbard, Norway., the town had a population of 2,144. Longyearbyen is located in the Longyear Valley and on the shore of Adventfjorden, a bay of Isfjorden located on the west coast of Spitsbergen. Since 2002, Longyearbyen Community Council has had many of the same responsibilities of a municipality, including utilities, education, cultural facilities, fire brigade, roads and ports. The town is the seat of the Governor of Svalbard. It is the world's northernmost settlement of any kind with more than 1,000 permanent residents. Known as Longyear City until 1926, the town was established by and named after John Munro Longyear, whose Arctic Coal Company started coal mining operations in 1906. Operations were taken over by Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompani (SNSK) in 1916, which still conducts mining. The town was almost completely destroyed by the German Kriegsmarine on 8 August 1943, but was rebuilt after the Second World War. Traditionally, Longyearbyen was a company town, but most mining operations have moved to Sveagruva since the 1990s, while the town has seen a large increase in tourism and research. This has seen the arrival of institutions such as the University Centre in Svalbard, the Svalbard Global Seed Vault and Svalbard Satellite Station. The community is served by Svalbard Airport and Svalbard Church.
Lonnie William Quinn (born August 9, 1963 in Cheshire, Connecticut) is the lead weather anchor on WCBS-TV in New York City.
Louie Knight is the hero in the Aberystwyth Noir novels, a series of cult detective novels written by Malcolm Pryce set in an alternative universe of the Welsh town of Aberystwyth, and centring on Aberystwyth's one private eye Louie Knight.
Louis Claude de Saulces de Freycinet (7 August 1779 – 18 August 1841) was a French navigator. He circumnavigated the earth, and in 1811 published the first map to show a full outline of the coastline of Australia.
Louis Joseph Battan (February 9, 1923 – October 29, 1986) was an American atmospheric scientist who received his doctorate from the University of Chicago in 1953, where he was hired to work in the field of the physics of clouds and precipitation.
Claude-Francois Joseph Louis Receveur O.F.M. Conv.., (1757 – 17 February 1788) was a French friar priest, naturalist and astronomer who sailed with Jean-François de Galaup, comte de La Pérouse.
Louis John Wicker (born September 30, 1959) is an American atmospheric scientist with expertise in numerical analysis, numerical simulation, and forecasts of severe convection and tornadoes.
Louisa Capper (1776–1840) was an English writer, philosopher and poet of the 19th century.
Ludwig August Colding (13 July 1815 – 21 March 1888) was a Danish civil engineer and physicist who articulated the principle of conservation of energy contemporaneously with, and independently of, James Prescott Joule and Julius Robert von Mayer though his contribution was largely overlooked and neglected.
Ludwig Prandtl (4 February 1875 – 15 August 1953) was a German engineer.
Luigi Palmieri (April 22, 1807 – September 9, 1896) was an Italian physicist and meteorologist.
Luke Howard, FRS (28 November 1772 – 21 March 1864) was a British manufacturing chemist and an amateur meteorologist with broad interests in science.
Lukwesa Burak (born 1974) is a news and weather presenter for BBC News.
Luna Bergere Leopold (October 8, 1915 – February 23, 2006) was a leading U.S. geomorphologist and hydrologist, and son of Aldo Leopold.
The Lunar Society of Birmingham was a dinner club and informal learned society of prominent figures in the Midlands Enlightenment, including industrialists, natural philosophers and intellectuals, who met regularly between 1765 and 1813 in Birmingham, England.
Luncke expedition (1957–1958) was an Antarctica expedition with a team led by the Norwegian Bernhard Luncke and based at Norway Station.
Lustre is a type of parallel distributed file system, generally used for large-scale cluster computing.
Lindsay Morrison is a Canadian television personality for Bell Media.
Lynn Gelhar is an American civil engineer focusing in hydrology and is currently Professor Emeritus at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
The MacGregor Arctic Expedition was a privately funded expedition which set out to reoccupy Fort Conger, Ellesmere Island, Canada, a site within flying distance of the North Pole.
Machine translation, sometimes referred to by the abbreviation MT (not to be confused with computer-aided translation, machine-aided human translation (MAHT) or interactive translation) is a sub-field of computational linguistics that investigates the use of software to translate text or speech from one language to another.
Macquarie Island, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, lies in the southwest Pacific Ocean, about halfway between New Zealand and Antarctica, at 54° 30' S, 158° 57' E.
Madhav Dhananjaya Gadgil (born 1942) is an Indian ecologist, academic, writer, columnist and the founder of the Centre for Ecological Sciences, a research forum under the aegis of the Indian Institute of Science.
James Madison High School is a public High School located at 13719 White Heather Drive in the Hiram Clarke area of Houston, Texas, United States.
Madisonville is a city in and the county seat of Monroe County, Tennessee, United States.
Magdalena Roze (born 1982) is an award-winning Australian meteorologist, weather presenter and journalist.
Maitri is India's second permanent research station in Antarctica as part of the Indian Antarctic Programme.
The Majestic Building was a high-rise building located at 1001 Woodward Avenue in Downtown Detroit, Michigan.
Major explorations of Earth continued after the Age of Discovery.
Malcolm David Ross (October 15, 1919 – October 8, 1985) was a captain in the United States Naval Reserve (USNR), an atmospheric scientist, and a balloonist who set several records for altitude and scientific inquiry, with more than 100 hours flight time in gas balloons by 1961.
The Manila Observatory (originally the Observatorio Meteorológico del Ateneo Municipal de Manila, and later the Observatorio Meteorológico de Manila) is a non-profit research institute housed on the campus of the Ateneo de Manila University in Quezon City, Philippines.
Marc-Auguste Pictet (July 23, 1752 – April 19, 1825) was a scientific journalist and an experimental natural philosopher (physicist, chemist, meteorologist, astronomer) from Geneva, Switzerland.
March is the third month of the year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
Margaret Heafield Hamilton (born Heafield on August 17, 1936) is an American computer scientist, systems engineer, and business owner.
Margaret White (1889–1977), also known as Margaret White Fishenden, was a British meteorologist and industrial researcher.
Mari Ramos is a Nicaraguan American weather anchor for CNN International in Atlanta, Georgia.
María Assumpció Català i Poch (Barcelona, 14 July 1925 – ib. 3 July 2009) was a Spanish professor, mathematician, and astronomer.
Maria Júlia Coutinho (born August 10, 1978), commonly known as Maju Coutinho, is a Brazilian journalist, television presenter and commentator.
Maria LaRosa is an American meteorologist working for The Weather Channel in Atlanta, Georgia.
Maria Molina Timmer (née Molina; born April 7, 1987) is an American meteorologist.
Mariano Medina Isabel (8 July 1922, in Toledo – 28 December 1994, in Madrid) was a Spanish meteorologist and the first "Weatherman" on Spanish television; a position he held for thirty years.
Marina Lee, also known as Marina Lie (1902 – December 1976) was a ballerina and Nazi spy during World War II.
The Mariners Weather Log is a triannual magazine that has been published by the United States Weather Bureau, the Environmental Science Services Administration, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration since 1957.
Mario Runco Jr. (born January 26, 1952), is a former United States Navy officer and NASA astronaut.
Maritime Continent is the name given primarily by meteorologists and oceanographers to the region of Southeast Asia which comprises, amongst other countries, Indonesia, Philippines and Papua New Guinea.
Mark Edwin Eubank is a retired Salt Lake City, Utah television broadcasting meteorologist who served as chief meteorologist for the 2002 Winter Olympics.
Mark Mancuso (born in West Newton, Massachusetts) is an American meteorologist formerly employed by The Weather Channel in Atlanta, Georgia and now with AccuWeather in State College, Pennsylvania.
Mark Mathis is an American TV personality and meteorologist known for his unorthodox approach to weather forecasting as well as for his rousing public speaking appearances.
Mark Robinson is a Canadian television meteorologist and storm chaser.
Marny Stanier (Midkiff) (born April 8, 1962) was an on-camera meteorologist for The Weather Channel from April 1987 until November 2003.
Mars MetNet is a planned atmospheric science mission to Mars, initiated by the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) and under development by Finland, Russia and Spain.
Mars Pathfinder (MESUR Pathfinder) is an American robotic spacecraft that landed a base station with a roving probe on Mars in 1997.
Marsden square mapping or Marsden squares is a system that divides a chart of the world with latitude-longitude gridlines (e.g. plate carrée projection, Mercator or other) between 80°N and 70°S latitudes (or 90°N and 80°S: refer chart at Ocean Teacher’s page) into grid cells of 10° latitude by 10° longitude, each with a unique, numeric identifier.
Martin Sponholz is an American meteorologist.
Martins Ferry is a city in Belmont County, Ohio, United States, on the Ohio River.
Marvin, the Paranoid Android, is a fictional character in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy series by Douglas Adams.
Mary Babnik Brown (November 22, 1907 – April 14, 1991) was an American who became known for having donated her hair to the United States military during World War II.
Masao Kanamitsu (November 6, 1943, in Kumamoto, Japan – August 17, 2011, in Del Mar, California) was a Japanese and American atmospheric scientist working in the field of data assimilation.
Matt Taylor (born 3 June 1976 in Blackburn, Lancashire, England) is an English meteorologist and BBC Weather presenter.
Matthew Fontaine Maury (January 14, 1806February 1, 1873) was an American astronomer, United States Navy officer, historian, oceanographer, meteorologist, cartographer, author, geologist, and educator.
Matthew Paul Moyle (4 October 1788 – 7 August 1880), meteorologist and writer on mining, second son of John Moyle, by Julia, daughter of Jonathan Hornblower, was born at Chacewater, Cornwall, 4 October 1788, and educated at Guy's and St. Thomas's Hospitals.
The Mawson Station, commonly called Mawson, is one of three permanent bases and research outposts in Antarctica managed by the Australian Antarctic Division (AAD).
Max Margules was a mathematician, physicist, and chemist.
Britt Max Mayfield (born September 19, 1948) is an American meteorologist who served as the director of the National Hurricane Center from 2000 to 2007.
Max Robitzsch (2 February 1887 – 10 June 1952) was a German meteorological scientist and university professor.
The May 2014 San Diego County wildfires were a swarm of 20 wildfires that erupted during May 2014, in San Diego County, California, during severe Santa Ana Wind conditions, historic drought conditions, and a heat wave.
Météo-France is the French national meteorological service.
The Münchner Haus on Germany's highest mountain, the Zugspitze, is an Alpine Club hut belonging to the Munich Section of the German Alpine Club (DAV).
The Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences of McGill University is the largest university atmospheric-oceanic sciences group in Canada.
McGuire AFB/McGuire, the common name of the McGuire unit of Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, is a United States Air Force base located in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States, approximately south-southeast of Trenton.
McPherson College is a four-year liberal arts college in McPherson, Kansas, United States.
A measurement tower or met mast is a free standing tower or a removed mast, which carries measuring instruments with meteorological instruments such as thermometers and instruments to measure windspeed.
A measuring instrument is a device for measuring a physical quantity.
Media coverage of global warming has had effects on public opinion on climate change, as it mediates the scientific opinion on climate change that the global instrumental temperature record shows increase in recent decades and that the trend is caused mainly by human-induced emissions of greenhouse gases.
Media involvement and tropical cyclones have been carried out in various ways over the past centuries.
Medieval Kannada literature covered a wide range of subjects and genres which can broadly be classified under the Jain, Virashaiva, Vaishnava and secular traditions.
Mega Disasters is an American documentary television series that originally aired from May 23, 2006 to July 2008 on The History Channel.
Megan Linnea Glaros is an American meteorologist and entertainment reporter for WBBM-TV in Chicago.
is a Japanese limited company which manufactures electronics and communications equipment.
Melvin G. Goldstein (October 23, 1945 – January 18, 2012), known on air as Dr.
--> Memorias históricas sobre la marina, comercio y artes de la antigua ciudad de Barcelona. (. Historical Records on marine, trade and arts of the ancient city of Barcelona) As its title indicates, is a summary paper on the Navy, the trade and the arts of the city of Barcelona, written by the famous Antonio de Capmany y Montpalau.
The Memphis Summer Storm of 2003 was a severe derecho event that affected parts of the Southern United States, particularly southwestern Tennessee and northern Mississippi, including the Memphis metropolitan area.
Mendel Museum has been an institution of Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic, since 2007.
Mendel Polar Station is a Czech research station in Antarctica on the coast of James Ross Island.
Mendenhall Lake is a proglacial lake in the Mendenhall Valley at the 1962 terminus of Mendenhall Glacier, North of the Juneau City and Borough Airport in the Coast Mountains.
The Mendenhall Valley (historically Mendenhall, colloquially The Valley) is the drainage area of the Mendenhall River in the U.S. state of Alaska.
The mercury-in-glass or mercury thermometer was invented by physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit in Amsterdam (1714).
The Merkava (מרכבה (IPA:, "chariot") is a main battle tank used by the Israel Defense Forces. The tank began development in 1970, and entered official service in 1978. Four main variants of the tank have been deployed. It was first used extensively in the 1982 Lebanon War. The name "Merkava" was derived from the IDF's initial development program name. Design criteria include rapid repair of battle damage, survivability, cost-effectiveness and off-road performance. Following the model of contemporary self-propelled howitzers, the turret assembly is located closer to the rear than in most main battle tanks. With the engine in front, this layout is intended to grant additional protection against a frontal attack, so as to absorb some of the force of incoming shells, especially for the personnel in the main hull, such as the driver. It also creates more space in the rear of the tank that allows increased storage capacity and a rear entrance to the main crew compartment allowing easy access under enemy fire. This allows the tank to be used as a platform for medical disembarkation, a forward command and control station, and an infantry fighting vehicle. The rear entrance's clamshell-style doors provide overhead protection when off- and on-loading cargo and personnel. It was reportedly decided shortly before the beginning of the 2006 Lebanon War that the Merkava line would be discontinued within four years. However, on November 7, 2006, Haaretz reported that an Israeli General staff assessment had ruled of the Merkava Mark IV that "if properly deployed, the tank can provide its crew with better protection than in the past", and deferred the decision on discontinuing the line. On August 16, 2013, Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Ya'alon announced the decision to resume production of the Merkava main battle tank for the IDF Armored Corps.
In meteorology (and climatology), a mesonet, portmanteau of mesoscale network, is a network of (typically) automated weather and environmental monitoring stations designed to observe mesoscale meteorologica