On this day in MUSIC | History Forum

On this day in MUSIC

Pedro

Forum Staff
Mar 2008
17,256
On a mountain top in Costa Rica. yeah...I win!!
19 MARCH
page 1 of 2

in 1604 - Johan IV, composer/king of Portugal (1640-56) is born.
in 1673 - Pedro Vaz Rego, composer is born.
in 1715 - Charles-Joseph van Helmont, composer is born.
in 1740 - Johann Georg Roser, composer is born.
in 1740 - Joseph F Weigl, German/Austrian(?), violin cellist is born.
in 1745 - Nicolas Sejan, composer is born.
in 1752 - Jose Mauricio, composer is born.
in 1767 - Leonhard von Call, composer is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n3_Ei8bO0xA"]YouTube - Leonhard Von Call - Trio in C Major" target="_blank">YouTube - Leonhard Von Call - Trio in C Major[/ame]

in 1782 - Adrien Trudo Sale, composer, dies at 59.
in 1782 - Louis-Henry Paisible, composer, dies at 33.
in 1785 - Pierre-Joseph-Guillaume Zimmermann, composer is born.
in 1796 - Stephen Storace, composer, dies at 33.
in 1797 - Philip Hayes, composer, dies at 58.
in 1809 - Fredrik Pacius, composer is born.
in 1811 - Frantisek Adam Mica, composer, dies at 65.

in 1816 - Johannes Josephus Hermanus Verhulst, composer is born. in 1835 - Franz Betz, noted German baritone, is born at Mainz. He studied in Karlsruhe. In 1856 he made his operatic debut as the Herald in Lohengrin in Hannover, and then sang in Altenburg, Gera, Cothen, and Rostock. On May 16, 1859, he made his first appearance at the Berlin Royal Opera as Don Carlos in Ernani, and remained one of its principal members until 1897. He was particularly esteemed for his Wagnerian roles, and was chosen to create the roles of Hans Sachs in Munich (1868) and the Wanderer in Siegfried at Bayreuth (1876). Among his other prominent roles were Don Giovanni, Pizzaro, Amonasro, and Falstaff. His wife was the soprano Johanne Betz (1837-1906). - Died at Berlin, Aug. 11, 1900.

in 1845 - George Augustus Kollmann, composer, dies at 56.

in 1847 - Constantin Dimitrescu, composer is born.
in 1850 - Adalbert Gyrowetz, composer, dies at 87.
in 1859 - Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jf0Bhm9YQiU"]YouTube - Faust-Opera by Gounod.Mikhail Svetlov-bass-Mefisto" target="_blank">YouTube - Faust-Opera by Gounod.Mikhail Svetlov-bass-Mefisto[/ame]

in 1864 - Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris.
in 1866 - Louis Clapisson, composer, dies at 57.
in 1870 - The opera "Guarany" premieres in Milan.
in 1873 - Max Reger, Brand Bavaria, composer/pianist/prof (Leipzig Univ).
in 1876 - Jozef Stefani, composer, dies at 75.
in 1879 - Joseph Haas, German (opera)composer (Tobias Wunderlich) is born.
in 1883 - Josef Matthais Hauer, composer is born.
in 1884 - Alfonse Charles Renaud de Vilback, composer, dies at 54.
in 1892 - Robert Denzler, composer is born.

in 1893 - Karel Komzak, composer, dies at 69.

n 1894 - Jackie “Moms” Mabley (LORETTA MARY AIKEN), is born. A bawdy, rotund black comedienne who launched her career in the tent shows during the Twenties, Jackie “Moms” Mabley was a fixture on the Vaudeville stage for four decades. Remaining popular into the Seventies, she recorded a series of successful, low-down comedy albums. She also landed a radio hit with a dramatic reading of the Dion classic ‘Abraham, Martin And John’. She died from natural causes related to a massive heart attack suffered two years earlier. - Died May 23, 1975.

in 1900 - Charles-Louis Hanon dies at age 80. French piano pedagogue and composer born in Renescure. He is best known for his work The Virtuoso Pianist in 60 Exercises, which has become the most widely used set of exercises in modern piano teaching. Piano students all over the world know of Hanon’s famous training exercises for pianists. Both Sergei Rachmaninoff and Josef Lhévinne claimed him to be the secret of why the Russian piano school delivered an explosion of virtuosi in their time, for the Charles' exercises have been obligatory for a long time throughout Russian conservatories; there were special examinations at which one had to know all the exercises by heart, to be played in all tonalities at highly advanced speed
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DcTgQyXJslk"]YouTube - HANON: Sainte Marie-Madeleine, on Alexandre harmonium" target="_blank">YouTube - HANON: Sainte Marie-Madeleine, on Alexandre harmonium[/ame]

in 1904 - Tadeusz Zygfryd Kassern, composer is born.
in 1905 - Makar Grigori Ekmalyan, composer, dies at 49.
in 1906 - Normand Lockwood, composer is born.
in 1907 - Elizabeh LeFanu Maconochy, composer is born.

in 1907 - Marc Vaubourgoin, composer is born.

in 1909 - Josip Andreis, eminent Croatian music historian, is born at Split. He received training in Romance languages at the univseity of Zagreb and Rome (graduated, 1931); also had private instruction in composition and attended the Zagreb Academy of Music, where he subsequently served on its faculty as professor of music history and head of the musicology dept. (1945-72). He was editor of the journal Muzitke novine (1950-51). His Historija muzike (3 vols., Zagreb, 1951-54; 2nd ed., rev, 1966) is the standard history of music in Serbo-Croat. He was general editor of the Muzitka enciklopedija (2 vols., Zagreb, 1958,1963), the pioneering publisher of its kind in Yugoslavia. He was founder-editor of the musicological annual Arti musices (1969-70). Andreis's contribution to the study of Croatian music history remains of great value. - Died at Zagreb, Jan. 16, 1982.
in 1912 - Russ Case, Hamburg Iowa, orch leader (Julius La Rosa Show) is born.

in 1913 - John Thomas dies at age 87. Welsh harpist and composer, highly honored throughout Europe with memberships in the Societa di S. Cecilia in Rome, Societa Filharmonica of Florence,the Philharmonic Society of London and he was appointed harpist to Queen Victoria 1872. He taught at the Royal College of Music, where he eventually became professor, and at the Guildhall School of Music. He wrote many pieces for the harp that are very popular today and are used in the exam syllabus. He also wrote an opera, a symphony, two harp concertos, overtures, chamber music, and two cantatas, Llewellyn and The Bride of Neath Valley. He played one of his own harp concertos at a Philharmonic concert in 1852.

in 1917 - Dino Lipatti, composer is born
in 1923 - Janine Dacosta, French pianist is born
in 1924 - Charles Villiers Stanford, Irish composer/author, dies at 71
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=phRGiN5kQaw"]YouTube - La Belle Dame sans Merci (Ian Bostridge)" target="_blank">YouTube - La Belle Dame sans Merci (Ian Bostridge)[/ame]

in 1928 - “Wild” Bill Randolph, bass player of Southern-flavoured rock group Point Blank, is born. He began his career in the nightclubs of Dallas in the late Sixties, before touring with John Lee Hooker for a year. Joining the Texas-based rock group Rock Point in the late Seventies, he appeared on their third album Airplay (1979). The group scored its only Top 40 hit in 1981 with ‘Nicole’ and disbanded shortly after the release of their final album, On A Roll. Randolph left music for a career in printing. ( heart attack). - Died June 19, 2001.

in 1929 - Herman van San, composer is born.
in 1929 - Robert Muczynski, composer is born.
in 1930 - Bill Henderson, Chic Ill, jazz singer (Torpedo-Dreams) is born.
in 1930 - Ornette Coleman, jazz composer (Downbeat Musician of Year 1966) is born.
in 1936 - Amancio D'Silva, musician is born.

in 1937 - Clarence "Frogman" Henry, musician (You Always Hurt the One You Love) is born.

in 1938 - Walter Jackson, Chicago-based soul artist, who sang mostly love ballads, is born. First recording on OKeh Records, he enjoyed a long hit run into the Seventies including ‘Suddenly I’m All Alone’ (1965), ‘It’s An Uphill Climb To The Bottom’ (1966) and his biggest, a cover of Morris Albert’s ‘Feelings’ (1976). Forming a band in the late Seventies called Chills And Fuel, Jackson was active until his death. Stricken with polio in his teens, he performed on crutches. He died at his home in Chicago. (Cerebral hemorrhage) - Died June 19, 1983.

in 1942 - Ross Valory, rocker (Journey) is born.
in 1942 - Robin Luke, rocker (Susie Darlin') is born.
in 1942 - Jeff Neighbour, US bassist (Joy of Cooking) is born.
in 1943 - Vicente Ripolles, composer, dies at 75.
in 1944 - Joseph Celli, composer is born.
in 1944 - Myung-Wha Chung, Seoul Korea, cellist (Chung Sisters) is born.
in 1946 - Paul Atkinson, rock guitarist (Zombies-Never Even Thought) is born.
in 1946 - Ruth Pointer, singer (Pointer Sisters-I'm So Exicted) is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=04DsiU0czzc"]YouTube - The Pointer Sisters - I Need You (live) 1988" target="_blank">YouTube - The Pointer Sisters - I Need You (live) 1988[/ame]

in 1947 - Willem F J Pijper, Dutch composer/critic, dies at 52.

in 1952 - Derek Longmuir, Edinburgh Scotland, rock drummer (Bay City Rollers) is born.

in 1953 - Billy Sheehan, rocker (Mr Big-Lean Into It) is born.

in 1953 - Ricky Wilson, is born. A founding member of Athens, Georgia-based, idiosyncratic new-wave group The B-52’s, joined future bandmate Keith Strickland in a high school band called Black Narcissus. After graduating, Wilson and Strickland drifted through Europe. Returning to Athens, the pair formed a band with Wilson’s sister Cindy, Fred Schneider, and Kate Pierson. Named for the bouffant hairdos of the two female members, the bizarrely attired B-52’s popularised thrift-store clothing. Formed in 1976, the group made their public début soon after at a private Valentine’s Day party. An immediate sensation in the Southern college town of Athens, the group initially performed with the taped accompaniment of a rhythm guitar, congas and tambourines.

As the group’s arranger and lead guitarist, Ricky Wilson teamed with electric keyboard player Kate Pierson to provide the group’s trademark electronic-pop sound. Making their nightclub début in front of a sparse crowd at Max’s Kansas City in New York City, The B-52’s soon emerged as new-wave favourites. Attracting industry attention after pressing 2,000 copies of ‘Rock Lobster’ (a record cited by John Lennon as indicative of Yoko Ono’s influence on new wave pop), The B-52’s were signed in 1978 by Chris Blackwell of Island Records in the UK and Warner Brothers in the US.

Featuring the quirky lead vocals of Fred Schneider, the group’s début album, The B-52’s (1979), became an instant classic with upbeat, lyrically amusing dance rock numbers such as ‘Rock Lobster’, ‘Planet Claire’, ‘Strobe Light’, and ‘Quiche Lorraine’. Following up with Top 20 album Wild Planet (1980), The B-52’s enjoyed club and underground airplay with ‘Private Idaho’. Further releases The Party Mix Album (1981), the David Byrne-produced Mesopotamia (1982), and Whammy (1983) were steady sellers. Showing signs of a serious illness in 1983, Ricky Wilson was forced to retire after completing the sessions for the album Bouncing Off The Satellites (1986).

In disarray after Wilson’s death, The B-52’s would not record for the next several years. Keith Strickland would later assume the guitar duties, and Wilson’s sister Cindy left the group in 1991 to spend more time with her family. (AIDS-related cancer) He died in a New York City hospital, October 12, 1985.

in 1954 – Walter Braunfels, German composer and pedagogue, dies at Cologne at 71. He studied piano in Vienna with Leschetizky and composition in Munich with Thuille. In 1925 he became a co-director of the Hochschule fur Musik in Cologne. With the advent of the Nazi regime in 1933, he was compelled to abandon teaching; after the collapse of the Third Reich in 1945, he reorganized the Hochschule fur Musik in Cologne and served as its director until 1950.

He excelled mainly as an opera composer; the following operas are notable: Falada (Essen, May 24, 1906); Prinzessin Brambilla (Stuttgart, March 25,1909; rev. 1931); Ulenspiegel (Stuttgart, Nov. 9, 1913); Die Vogel, after Aristophanes (Munich, Dec. 4, 1920; his most successful opera); Don Gil von den grtinen Hosen (Munich, Nov. 15, 1924); Der glaserne Berg (Krefeld, Dec. 4, 1928); Galatea (Cologne, Jan. 26, 1930); Der Traum, Ein Leben (1937); Die heilige Johanna (1942); also a mystery play, Verkiindigung, after Paul Claudel (1936).

He further wrote 2 piano concertos; Organ Concerto; Revelation of St. John for Tenor, Double Chorus, and Orchestra; piano music and songs. He believed in the artistic and practical value of Wagnerian leading motifs; in his harmonies he was close to Richard Strauss, but he also applied impressionistic devices related to Debussy. - Born at Frankfurt am Main, Dec. 19,1882.

in 1958 - Big Records released 'Our Song' by a teenage duo from Queens, New York, Tom and Jerry. The duo will become famous in the '60s under their real names, Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel.

in 1958 - during his only UK tour, Buddy Holly played two shows at the Regal Cinema in Hull, Yorkshire. Also on the bill, Gary Miller, The Tanner Sisters, Des O'Conner, The Montanas, Ronnie Keene & His Orchestra.

in 1959 - Terry Hall, rocker (Colourfield-Animal Liberation) is born.

in 1960 - Eliane Elias, jazz keyboard player, pianist, is born at Sao Paulo, Brazil. Her mother played classical piano, her mother's Italian grandparents sang opera, and her maternal grandmother played the guitar and wrote chorinhos and other kinds of Brazilian songs. She first became interested in the piano at age seven, and by 12 wanted to be a professional musician.

Her mother collected jazz records, and Elias listened to them and began transcribing the work of a diverse range of jazz pianists from Art Tatum to Keith Jarrett. She also played and studied classical piano, and was influenced by the Brazilian pop-jazz of Antonio Carlos Jobim. By age 15 she was gigging and teaching master classes at Sao Paulo's Free Center of Music Apprenticeship jazz program, where she studied for six years. Her formal career as a professional musician began in 1978, working in a bossa nova group with Jobim's co-writer Vinicius de Moraes in the show Ten Years with Toquinho and Vinicius. She met Jobim before the show ended in 1980 when Moraes died.

The following year she moved to N.Y.In 1983, she was offered a job with Steps Ahead. She remained with the group for one year and appears on the band's self-titled debut for Elektra Records. She married Randy Brecker during this time. In 1986, she made her first recording as a leader, and has subsequently continued to record and tour, leading her own trio. She teaches at the Manhattan School of Music, and is IAJE's International Interest Chair for piano.

in 1961 - Edric Cundell, composer, dies at 68.

in 1964 - Billy J Kramer And The Dakotas were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Little Children.' The group's second No.1.

in 1964 - UK Prime Minister Harold Wilson presented The Beatles with their awards for show business personalities of the year for 1963 at London's Dorchester Hotel.

in 1965 - the Tailor And Cutter Magazine ran an article asking The Rolling Stones to start wearing ties. The current fashion did not include wearing ties with shirts and many tie-makers were facing financial disaster. Mick Jagger said of the appeal, “The trouble with a tie is that it could dangle in the soup. It is also something extra to which a fan can hang when you are trying to get in and out of a theater.”

in 1968 - The Jimi Hendrix Experience played two shows at The Capitol Theatre, Ottawa, Canada.

in 1969 - during a UK tour, Fleetwood Mac appeared at the Top Rank Club in Cardiff, Wales.

in 1969 - Theodor Schaefer, composer, dies at 65

in 1971 - T Rex were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Hot Love.' The group's first of four UK No.1's spent six weeks at the top of the charts.

in 1973 - Lauritz Melchior dies at age 82. Danish and later American opera singer born in Copenhagen, Denmark; he was the pre-eminent Wagnerian tenor of the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s. He made his debut in 1913, as the baritone role of Silvio in Ruggero Leoncavallo's Pagliacci at the Royal Theatre/Det Kongelige Teater in Copenhagen.

In 1920, he visited England to sing in an experimental radio broadcast to the Scandinavian capital cities from the Marconi station in Chelmsford and became a frequent performer in London, appearing at Sir Henry Joseph Wood's Promenade Concerts in Queens Hall. Over his career he sang in many opera houses around the world and between '44-'53, he performed in 5 Hollywood musical films for MGM and Paramount Pictures, Thrill of a Romance-1945, Two Sisters from Boston-1946, This Time for Keeps-1947, Luxury Liner-1948, The Stars Are Singing-1953 and made numerous US television appearances.

In 1947, he put his hand and footprints in cement in the forecourt of Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood. In the summer of 1972, Melchior conducted the San Francisco Opera Orchestra at Sigmund Stern Grove in the Radetzky March by Johann Strauss I as part of the 50th anniversary celebration of the company; this was one of his last public appearances.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKKKjiWBZ9w"]YouTube - Lauritz Melchior -"Notung! Notung!"- Siegfried" target="_blank">YouTube - Lauritz Melchior -"Notung! Notung!"- Siegfried[/ame]

in 1974 - Jefferson Airplane re-named the group and became Jefferson Starship. The new line-up included Paul Kantner, Grace Slick, drummer Johnny Barbata, David Freiberg, Peter Kaukonen, Cragi Chaquico and Papa John Creach. 1975, During a North American tour Led Zeppelin appeared at the Pacific Coliseum in Vancouver, Canada. Tickets cost $7.50 in advance.

in 1976 - Paul Kossoff dies at age 25. UK rock guitarist; born in Hamstead, London, he started playing in the mid 1960s, his first professional band was Black Cat Bones with drummer Simon Kirke. The band did many supporting shows for Fleetwood Mac. Paul spent hours jamming with Peter Green and discussing blues music. Black Cat Bones also played with touring blues piano player Champion Jack Dupree. Both Paul and Simon played on Dupree's album When You Feel the Feeling. Paul and Simon next teamed up with Paul Rodgers and Andy Fraser to form Free in 1968 with a debut album Tons Of Sobs, followed by their self-titled album in 1969.

Their third album, Fire and Water in 1970, produced the massive hit "All Right Now", with a tour of UK, Europe and Japan. The band split later that year after a 4th album. Paul and Simon then teamed up with Texan keyboard player John "Rabbit" Bundrick and Japanese bass player Tetsu Yamauchi to release the 1971 album Kossoff, Kirke, Tetsu and Rabbit. Free reformed and released the album Free At Last in 1972. Fraser decided to quit, so Tetsu and Rabbit were drafted in for Free's 1973 album Heartbreaker after which the group disbanded.

Paul then accompanied John Martyn on a 1975 tour before assembling a group called Back Street Crawler releasing two albums: The Band Plays On in 1975 and Second Street in 1976. Paul's guitar playing was also much in demand for session work and he contributed solos on several albums including: Jim Capaldi's Oh How We Danced (1972), Martha Veléz's Fiends and Angels (1969); Blondel's Mulgrave Street (1974); Uncle Dog's Old Hat (1972), Michael Gately's Gately's Cafe (1971) and Mike Vernon's 1971 album Bring It Back Home. He also played on four demos by Ken Hensley, which were eventually released on the 1994 album entitled From Time To Time and three tracks which appear on the CD-only issue of John Martyn's Live At Leeds album from 1975.

An unreleased guitar solo also surfaced in 2006 on the title track to the album All One by David Elliot who recorded with Paul in the 70s. Paul was ranked 51st in Rolling Stone magazine list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time" (died from a drug-related heart attack while on a plane flight from Los Angeles to New York)

in 1976 - George Sklavos, composer, dies at 87.

in 1977 - "Side by Side by Sondheim" closes at Music Box NYC after 390 perfs
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QB9dhvvpV0c"]YouTube - Side By Side By Sondheim : Pendleton College : Comedy Tonight / Love Is In The Air" target="_blank">YouTube - Side By Side By Sondheim : Pendleton College : Comedy Tonight / Love Is In The Air[/ame]

19 MARCH
page 1 of 2
 

Pedro

Forum Staff
Mar 2008
17,256
On a mountain top in Costa Rica. yeah...I win!!
19 MARCH
page 2 of 2

in 1978 - Billy Joel made his UK live debut at London's Dury Lane Theatre.

in 1979 - Elton John appeared at the Odeon Theatre, Edinburgh, Scotland. Tickets £5.00.

1981 - The J Geils Band were at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Centrefold', Roxy Music had the UK No.1 single with 'Jealous Guy.'

in 1981 - Tampa Red (Hudson Whittacker) legendary pioneering pre-war, bottleneck-style blues guitarist, dies. Tampa Red was Chicago’s first guitar star. A native of Atlanta, Tampa Red scored several bawdy hits in the Twenties, including a duet with frequent partner Georgia Tom, ‘It’s Tight Like That’. Considered a novelty number in the new “hokum” genre, the song sold very well and gave the renamed Hokum Boys a series of risqué blues hits. But with Georgia Tom (Thomas A. Dorsey) abandoning blues in 1931, Tampa Red moved to Chicago in the Thirties to pursue a solo career.

A blues giant who usually recorded for Bluebird Records, Tampa Red teamed on recordings with bluesmen such as Leroy Carr, Big Maceo Merriweather, and Big Bill Broonzy. With his music out of fashion by the late Forties, Tampa Red was also hindered by a crippling drinking problem. After retiring from music in 1960, he re-emerged during the blues revival of the late Sixties. A prolific songwriter, Tampa Red’s compositions include ‘Sweet Black Angel’ and ‘Let Me Play With Your Poodle’. Abusing alcohol much of his life, he died of natural causes. - Born December 25, 1900.

in 1982 - Randy Rhoads, dies. He was an inventive guitarist who achieved cult status after his death, gained much exposure as a member of Ozzy Osbourne’s backing band. Born in Burbank, California, Rhoads first picked up the guitar at age six, switching to an electric model at age eight; by his early teens, he was studying classical guitar. His mother a music teacher and music store owner, Rhoads began teaching guitar at age 18.

In 1975, Rhoads joined friend Kevin DuBrow in forming a heavy metal group, Quiet Riot. Unable to interest any US labels, the group signed with Japan’s Sony/CBS Records. With Rhoads the visual focus of the group’s stage shows, Quiet Riot released two poorly produced Japanese-only albums, Quiet Riot (1977) and Quiet Riot II (1978), the latter highlighted by ‘Slick Black Cadillac’. Returning to Los Angeles and still unable to land a US record deal, the despondent Rhoads left the group after being offered a position in Black Sabbath founder Ozzy Osbourne’s backing band. A surprise Top 10 smash, Osbourne’s début album Blizzard Of Oz (1981) was highlighted by ‘Mr. Crowley’ and the fiery ‘Crazy Train’, the latter featuring Rhoads’ searing triple-tracked guitarwork.

A guitar hero who won the best new talent award in a Guitar Player readers’ poll, the nimble-fingered Rhoads was a great asset to Osbourne. With his début album still in the charts, Osbourne released the certified platinum, Diary Of A Madman; but during a tour in support of the album Rhoads was killed in a bizarre accident. At a 1992 Ozzy Osbourne-headlined, benefit concert to mark the 10th anniversary of Rhoads’ death, fans went on a rampage and caused $100,000 in property damage. A Randy Rhoads scholarship in classical guitar is awarded annually at UCLA. At the time of his death, Rhoads was planning to record an album of classical material.

Rhoads was killed during a brief stopover en route to Orlando for a performance at the Rock Superbowl XIV festival on a bill with UFO and Foreigner. Needing parts for their tour bus, driver Andrew Aycock stopped for the night at his home in Leesburg, Florida. Spotting several aeroplanes on a small, nearby airfield, Aycock (who was a licensed pilot) decided to “borrow” a plane the following morning. Jumping into the 1955 Beechcraft Bonanza with Aycock were Randy Rhoads and the group’s costume designer, 58-year-old Rachel Youngblood. With Osbourne and the rest of the band sleeping on the bus, Aycock repeatedly circled the vehicle, buzzing within a few yards. On the fourth pass, the plane bumped the bus and collapsed the roof. In the process the plane clipped a wing, ricocheted off a tree and the ground, and then crashed into a nearby house, setting the building ablaze.

All aboard the plane were killed instantly. While no one in the vicinity offered aid, the uninjured Osbourne heroically ran into the burning house to rescue a deaf man. A coroner’s report found cocaine in Aycock’s system. Aycock had previously crashed another aeroplane, killing a passenger. One theory suggests that the 36-year-old pilot tried to fly the plane into his ex-wife who was on the ground. - Born December 6, 1956.

in 1987 - Tony Stratton-Smith, sports writer turned record industry mogul, the avuncular founded independent British label Charisma Records in 1969, dies. Nicknamed “Strat,” he was initially drawn to the music industry by his friends Kit Lambert and Brian Epstein. Stratton-Smith had previously written about soccer for several British newspapers including The Daily Express and after writing several football biographies he continued to edit a soccer yearbook into the Seventies, using the profits to help fund Charisma.

He also wrote the book The Rebel Nun about South American martyr Mother Maria Skobtzova who was stabbed during a pursuit of Nazi war criminal Martin Boorman who was alleged to have survived World War II and gone into hiding in South America. After first dabbling in music publishing, Stratton-Smith switched to artist management, overseeing the trio Paddy, Klaus & Gibson who were taken over by his friend Brian Epstein. Stratton-Smith also managed Creation, The Koobas and Beryl Marsden. Undeterred by their limited success, Stratton-Smith launched his own label, Charisma Records, and henceforth became known as a generous patron of talented rock musicians whose work was not necessarily in line with commercial trends. If “Strat” believed in an artist there were few lengths to which he would not go to secure their ultimate success, an attitude that endeared him to many in the industry.

Signing a host of groups, the label’s first success came in 1970 with The Nice, led by keyboard player Keith Emerson. They were followed by Newcastle-based folk rockers Lindisfarne, and public school progressive rockers Genesis, both of whom were initially managed by “Strat”. Charisma thrived with a small stable of acts that also included Van Der Graaf Generator, Rare Bird, Bell ‘N Arc and Audience. Charisma also released records by the Monty Python’s Flying Circus comedy team, the poet Sir John Betjeman and sports broadcasters Peter O’Sullivan and John Arlott. The signing of O’Sullivan, doyen of horse racing commentators, reflected Stratton-Smith’s keen interest in the turf. At one time he owned a string of racehorses and sponsored a Charisma Handicap Stakes race at Kempton Park, west of London. Charisma also launched a literary division, publishing poetry and music related books, and had a stake in the music magazine Zig Zag. By the Eighties, the label had added Hawkwind, Julian Lennon and Malcolm McLaren to their roster but “Strat” was tiring of the music industry and devoting more and more of his time to racing.

A year before his death Stratton-Smith sold Charisma Records to Virgin Records founder Richard Branson for £4,000,000, largely on the strength of the Genesis catalogue and his contracts with Peter Gabriel and Phil Collins. Retiring to the Canary Islands as a tax exile, he opened a nightclub called The Final Crease. (Stomach cancer). He died while visiting the English Channel island of Jersey. His ashes were scattered over Newbury Racecourse in Southern England, and that afternoon one of Strat’s horses, Sergeant Smoke, romped home at odds of 20–1.

in 1989 - Alan Civil dies at age 59. English French horn player; he was engaged by Thomas Beecham to play second horn to Dennis Brain in the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, when Brain left for the Philharmonia, Alan took over leadership of the section. In 1955, he joined the Philharmonia himself, becoming principal horn player when Brain died in a car crash in 1957. In the 1960s, Alan became the first non-German to be approached by the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra to become a member, but he stayed with the Philharmonia, who were reshaping themselves into the New Philharmonia. In 1966 he became principal hornist of the BBC Symphony Orchestra, remaining there until his retirement in 1988. As a soloist, Civil recorded the horn concertos of Mozart, and his recording of Benjamin Britten's Serenade for Tenor, Horn and Strings with Robert Tear is also quite well known. He also played chamber music in the Alan Civil Horn Trio. Alan He was awarded an OBE in 1985
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G0bgndfegTE"]YouTube - Alan Civil plays the Mozart Horn Concertos part 4 of 6" target="_blank">YouTube - Alan Civil plays the Mozart Horn Concertos part 4 of 6[/ame]


in 1990 - Andrew Wood dies at age 24. American singer born in Columbus, Mississippi, as a teenager he and his brother Kevin Wood formed the band Malfunkshun, their only released material during's the bands existence was on the compilation, Deep Six. After moving to Seattle, Washington, Andrew along with Jeff Ament, Bruce Fairweather, Stone Gossard and Greg Gilmore formed the band Mother Love Bone. As frontman Andrew's personality and compositions helped to catapult the group to the top of the Seattle music scene. Sadly he died just before the release of Mother Love Bone's debut album "Apple". Fellow band members Stone Gossard and Jeff Ament formed a side project band Temple of the Dog, in remembrance of Andrew, dedicating their self titled album to him, they went on to form Pearl Jam. Also The Alice in Chains dedicated their song "Would? "to Andrew (tragically died of a heroin overdose coupled with a cerebral hemorrhage)

in 1992 - Jet Harris from The Shadows was banned from driving for three years and fined £120 for drunk driving.

in 1993 - Jeff Ward, commites suicide at 30. He briefly passed through leading industrial rock bands Ministry and Nine Inch Nails. At the time of his death, Ward was the drummer for Low Pop Suicide which had just released the album, On The Cross Of Commerce. Ward’s brother, Jason, is the bass player of the group, Flotsam And Jetsam. He committed suicide by carbon-monoxide poisoning at his home in Chicago. He was struggling to break a drug habit. - Born November 28, 1962.
in 1994 - Dutch instrumental duo Doop were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Doop', their only hit, making them One-hit Wonders. 1995, Bruce Springsteen started a two week run at No.1 on the US album chart with his 'Greatest Hits.'

in 1995 - Clarence Paul, best known as a Motown songwriter, dies. As a vocalist he first gained fame as a member of the popular Fifties doo-wop group, The “5” Royales. Born in the Winston-Salem area of North Carolina, Paul initially joined several family members, including brother Lowman, in a family gospel group, The Royal Sons Quintet. With Apollo Records showing interest in the group, the renamed Royal Sons released two well-received singles in 1951.

But with the label wanting a more rocking sound, the group emerged as a secular R&B band, The “5” Royales. Following the release of their début non-religious single ‘Too Much Of A Little Bit’, Clarence Pauling left the group. Paul then joined a pair of leading gospel groups, Wings Over Jordan and The Coleman Brothers. Then, after serving in the Korean War, Paul pursued a solo R&B career in the late Fifties, recording for Federal, Roulette, and Hanover Records, and though Paul was unsuccessful as a solo act, his material received airplay via popular cover versions by Roy Hamilton and Hank Ballard. Inspired by his successes, he moved to Detroit to work as a full-time songwriter, and shortened his last name from “Pauling” to “Paul”.

There, he frequently aided neighbour Steveland Morris (later known as Stevie Wonder) in his musical pursuits. Both Wonder and Paul signed to Motown Records where Paul assumed production and songwriting duties, overseeing Wonder’s ‘Fingertips’ and ‘Hey Love’, and working with Marvin Gaye. Paul and Wonder also scored a duet hit in 1966 with a cover of Dylan’s ‘Blowin’ In The Wind’; the pair later penned Aretha Franklin’s hit ‘Until You Come Back To Me’. Leaving Motown in the late Sixties, Paul later worked at MGM Records. Abusing drugs and experiencing tax problems, Paul was later hired by Motown executive Mickey Stevenson for his new Venture Records label. (complications from heart disease and diabetes). He died in Los Angeles. - Born March 19, 1928.

in 1995 - Kenneth Norman Joseph Loveless, priest folk musician, dies at 83
in 1996 - Christopher John Magenis Headington, musician, dies at 65.

in 1996 - The second Beatles Anthology series was released. The album featured 'Real Love', a track the remaining members of the Beatles recorded using an old demo track of John Lennon's. The song was first recorded by Lennon in 1977 with a handheld tape recorder on his piano at home, it originated as part of an unfinished stage play that Lennon was working on at the time entitled "The Ballad of John and Yoko."

in 1999 - Bruce Springsteen and The E Street Band played the second night at the Asbury Park Convention Hall, New Jersey as warm up dates for their forthcoming Reunion Tracks tour.

in 2000 - Linda McCartney’s first husband, Joseph Melville See, Jr., committed suicide by gunshot.

in 2001 - former Spice Girl Geri Halliwell's London home was broken into. The intruder left obscene notes on the walls, stole the singer's computer and Hi Fi and had thrown milk and Ribena fruit drink on the walls. They also stole a necklace that used to belong to actress Liz Taylor.

in 2005 - 50 Cent became the first solo artist to have three singles in the US Top 5. ‘Candy Shop’ was at No.1 with ‘How We Do’ by The Game, (a member of his G-Unit group) at No.4 and ‘Disco Inferno’ at No.5.

in 2005 - Phillip Ballou, session vocalist, dies. He worked with James Taylor, Aretha Franklin, Todd Rundgren and Billy Joel among others, and also toured as a backing singer behind Luther Vandross. From Pittsburgh, Ballou followed the path of his father and sang in church settings during his youth. After studying art at Carnegie Mellon University, Ballou settled in New York City where he co-founded the pop-gospel and RSO Records act Revelation, who occasionally opened up for labelmates The Bee Gees. Ballou also appeared in the Alan Freed film biography American Hot Wax. (Stroke) in 2005 - Ken Johnson, a member of The Steve Miller Band in the mid Seventies, blues-trained drummer he appeared on Miller’s hit albums Fly Like An Eagle (1976) and Book Of Dreams (1977), dies at his home in Jonesboro, Georgia. A native of St. Louis, Johnson was still in his teens when he worked with Ike & Tina Turner, and in the early Seventies, Johnson began a long stint with bluesman James Cotton. After working with The Chi-Lites and Steve Miller, Johnson moved to New Orleans where he worked with Louisiana Red before joining The Kenny Neal Band for a 13-year run. (Complications from diabetes)

in 2006 - Orson were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'No Tomorrow', the California band's only UK chart topper.

in 2006 - Shakira was set to become the first pop star to release a single only in the form of a mobile download. The singers forthcoming release ‘Hips Don’t Lie’ would not be issued in the US as a CD or as a download via the internet but would be available to phone users connected to Verizon.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DUT5rEU6pqM"]YouTube - Hips Don't Lie (featuring Wyclef Jean)" target="_blank">YouTube - Hips Don't Lie (featuring Wyclef Jean)[/ame]


in 2007 - Luther Ingram dies at age 69. American R&B, soul singer, songwriter; best known for his hit, "(If Loving You Is Wrong) I Don't Want to Be Right", which was placed number one on Billboard magazine's R&B chart, and peaked at No.3 on the Hot 100 chart in 1972. Other popular tracks include "Ain't That Loving You (For More Reasons Than One)" and "I'll Be Your Shelter". He was also responsible for the classic 1966 Northern Soul stormer "If It's All The Same To You" and it's instrumental "Exus Trek". He also co-authored the Staples Singers hit, "Respect Yourself". (heart failure)

in 2008 - Mia Permanto dies at age 19. Finnish singer, radio host and was placed sixth in the Idols finals of 2007. She can be heard on the single "Rising Sun" released by Heikki Liimatainen in October 2007. She can also be heard on The Prophecy album by Cristal Snow. She had started to record an album with Helsinki Music Works just before her death (cause of death not released)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=10JChR2MWOQ"]YouTube - Mia Permanto- Ironic r.i.p" target="_blank">YouTube - Mia Permanto- Ironic r.i.p[/ame]


in 2009 - Ion Dolanescu dies at age 65. Romanian singer and politician; popular East European traditional folk music singer having recorded 9 hit singles, the last 3 of which feature Maria Ciobanu. Since 2000 he has also been a member of parliment as deputy of the Committee for Culture, Arts, and Mass Media (heart attack).

in 2009 - Eighties pop fan Justine Thompson was ordered to pay more than £1,040 for repeatedly playing The Cure’s 'Boys Don’t Cry' at full blast. Thompson aged 31, had also belted out 'Geno' by Dexy’s Midnight Runners and The Smiths 'This Charming Man' so loudly it shook flats around her home in Brighton, a court heard. City magistrates found her guilty of ignoring a noise abatement notice.

in 2011 - Hugh Reskymer "Kym" Bonython dies at age 90. Australian radio broadcaster, jazz musician, speedway rider and driver, music promoter born in Adelaide. At the age of 17, in 1937, he entered the media with an ABC radio jazz show.The show continued for 38 years, finishing in 1975.

His involvement in the jazz scene also extended to making and selling music; in 1952 he became a member of a jazz band as drummer and he opened his first record store in 1954. His passion for music also led him to create his own concert promotion company, Aztec Services, in the 1950s, and as a promoter he brought to Adelaide some of the greats of jazz, including Dizzy Gillespie, Count Basie, Dave Brubeck, Duke Ellington and Louis Armstrong.

Later, at the urging of his children, he expanded his range to rock n roll, bringing the likes of Chuck Berry to Adelaide, and he was one of the key people negotiating the addition of Adelaide to The Beatles Australian tour 1964. Kym gained a reputation as a daredevil partially through another of his interests: motor racing. He raced Speedcars at the Rowley Park Speedway at Bowden, which he also managed from 1954 to 1973. - Born September 15th 1920. 19 March.

19 MARCH
page 2 of 2
 

Pedro

Forum Staff
Mar 2008
17,256
On a mountain top in Costa Rica. yeah...I win!!
20 MARCH
page 1 OF 2

in 1680 - Baron Emanuele (Gioacchino Cesate Rincon) d'Astorga, Italian composer of Spanish descent, is born at Augusta, Sicily. He was of noble Spanish descent and was a baron in his own right. During the revolution of 1708, he was an officer in the Palermo municipal guard. After a sojourn in Vienna (1712-14), he served as a senator in Palermo.
In 1744 he settled in Spain in the service of the king. Among his works were the operas La moglie nemica (Palermo, 1698), Dafni (Genoa, April 21, 1709), and Amor tirannico (Venice, 1710), a Stabat Mater (Oxford, 1752), his best-known work, and more than 150 cantatas. Johann Joseph Abert wrote an opera on his life, Astorga (1866). - Died probably in Madrid, c. 1757.

in 1739 - Eligio Celestino, composer is born.

in 1752 - Isidore Bertheaume, French violinist, is born at Paris. A precocious musician, he joined the orchestra of the Paris Opera in 1767 and served there until 1769 and again from 1775 to 1781. He conducted the Concert Spirituel during the Revolution (1789-91), then left France and went to Germany. In 1801 he emigrated to Russia, where he served as first violinist in the Imperial Orchestra in St. Petersburg. He composed 2 symphonies. concertantes for 2 Violins, 6 sonatas for Clavecin, with Violin, violin concertos, and other works for violin. - Died St. Petersburg, March 20, 1802.

in 1757 - Johann Paul Kunzen, composer, dies at 60

in 1774 - John Braham (real name, Abraham), renowned English tenor, is born at London. He studied with Leoni in London, with Rauzzini in Bath, and with Isola in Genoa. He made his debut at Covent Garden (April 21,1787); then appeared at Drury Lane in 1796, in the opera Mahmoud by Storace. He was subsequently engaged to sing at the Italian Opera House in London. In 1798 he undertook an extensive tour in Italy, and also appeared in Hamburg. Returning to England in 1801, he was increasingly successful.

Endowed with a powerful voice of 3 octaves in compass, he knew no difficulties in operatic roles. He was the original Huon in Weber's Oberon (1826). As a ballad writer, he was very popular; he wrote much of the music for the operatic roles which he sang; often he added portions to operas by other composers, as in The Americans (1811), with its famous song The Death of Nelson; contributed incidental music to 12 productions.

In 1831 he entered upon a theatrical business venture; he acquired the Colosseum in Regent's Park; in 1836 he had the St. James's Theatre built, but failed to recoup his investment and lost much of his considerable fortune. He made an American tour from 1840 to 1842 despite the weakening of his voice with age; however, his dramatic appeal remained undiminished and he was able to impress the American public in concert appearances. He then returned to London, making made his final appearance in 1852. - Died at London, Feb. 17, 1856.

in 1804 - Ignaz Malzat, composer, dies at 47
in 1812 - Jan Ladislav Dussek, Bohemian pianist/composer, dies at 52
in 1829 - Charles Albert White, composer is born.
in 1833 - Henry Southwick Perkins, composer is born.

in 1851 - Pietro Abba-Cornaglia, Pietro, Italian pianist, organist, teacher, and composer, is born at Alessandria. He studied with Antonio Angeleri (piano) and Lauro Rossi and Mazzucato (composition) at the Milan Conservatory. He was organist at Alessandri Cathedral (1880-94) and director of his own music school. His works included the operas Isabella Spinola (Milan, 1877), Maria di Warden (Venice, 1884), and Una partita a scacchi (Pavia, 1892), a Requiem and other sacred pieces, chamber music, organ pieces, and songs. - Died at Alessandria, May 2, 1894.

in 1863 - Ernesto Nazareth, composer is born.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3O9SLfhSa7I"]YouTube - Hino Cristão: Alvo mais que a neve - Bendito seja o Cordeiro - Interpretação: Mattos Nascimento[/ame]


in 1866 - Rikard Nordraak, composer, dies at 23.
in 1871 - Antonio Buzzolla, composer, dies at 56.
in 1872 - Bernhard Seklas, composer is born.

in 1873 - Sergei (Vassilievich) Rachmaninoff, greatly renowned Russian born American pianist, conductor, and composer, is born probably in Oneg, [NS=Apr 1]. He was of a musical family; his grandfather was an amateur pianist, a pupil of John Field, and his father also played the piano; Rachmaninoff's Polka was written on a theme improvised by his father; his mother likewise played piano, and it was from her that he received his initial training at their estate, Oneg, near Novgorod.

After financial setbacks, the family estate was sold and he was taken to St. Petersburg, where he studied piano with Vladimir Demiansky and harmony with Alexander Rubets at the Conservatory (1882-85); acting on the advice of his cousin, Alexander Siloti, he enrolled as a piano student of Nikolai Zverev at the Moscow Conservatory (1885); then entered Siloti's piano class and commenced the study of counterpoint with Taneyev and harmony with Arensky (1888).

He met Tchaikovsky, who appreciated his talent and gave him friendly advice. He graduated as a pianist (1891) and as a composer (1892), winning the gold medal with his opera Aleko, after Pushkin. Then followed his Prelude in C-sharp minor (1892); published that same year, it quickly became one of the most celebrated piano pieces in the world. His 1st Symphony, given in Moscow (1897), proved a failure, however. Discouraged, Rachmaninoff destroyed the MS, but the orchestra parts were preserved; after his death, the score was restored and performed in Moscow (1945). In the meantime, Rachmaninoff launched a career as a piano virtuoso; also took up a career as a conductor, joining the Moscow Private Russian Orchestra (1897). He made his London debut in the triple capacity of pianist, conductor, and composer with the Phil. Soc. (1899).

Although he attempted to compose after the failure of his 1st Symphony, nothing significant came from his pen. Plagued by depression, he underwent treatment by hypnosis with Nikolai Dahl, and then began work on his 2nd Piano Concerto. He played the first complete performance of the score with Siloti conducting in Moscow (Nov. 9, 1901); this concerto became the most celebrated work of its genre written in the 20th century, and its singular charm has never abated since; it is no exaggeration to say that it became a model for piano concertos by a majority of modern Russian composers, and also of semi-popular virtuoso pieces for piano and orchestra written in America.

On May 12,1902, Rachmaninoff married his cousin Natalie Satina; they spent some months in Switzerland, then returned to Moscow. After conducting at Moscow's Bolshoi Theater (1904-06), he decided to spend most of his time in Dresden, where he composed his 2nd Symphony, one of his most popular works. Having composed another major work, his 3rd Piano Concerto, he took it on his first tour of the U.S. in 1909. His fame was so great that he was offered the conductorship of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, but he declined; the offer was repeated in 1918, but once again he declined. He lived in Russia from 1910 until after the Bolshevik Revolution of Oct. 1917, at which time he left Russia with his family, never to return.

From 1918 until 1939 he made annual tours of Europe as a pianist; also of the U.S. (from 1918 until his death), where he spent much of his time; he also owned a villa in Lucerne (1931-39), and it was there that he composed one of his most enduring scores, the Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini (1934). In 1932 he was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Philharmonic Society of London. After the outbreak of World War II (1939), he spent his remaining years in the U.S. He became a naturalized American citizen a few weeks before his death, having made his last appearance as a pianist in Knoxville, Term., on Feb. 15, 1943.

Among Russian composers, Rachmaninoff occupies a very important place. The sources of his inspiration lie in the Romantic tradition of 19th-century Russian music; the link with Tchaikovsky's lyrical art is very strong; melancholy moods prevail and minor keys predominate in his compositions, as in Tchaikovsky's; but there is an unmistakable stamp of Rachmaninoff's individuality in the broad, rhapsodic sweep of the melodic line, and particularly in the fully expanded sonorities and fine resonant harmonies of his piano writing; its technical resourcefulness is unexcelled by any composer since Liszt.

Despite the fact that Rachmaninoff was an emigre and stood in avowed opposition to the Soviet regime (until the German attack on Russia in 1941 impelled him to modify his stand), his popularity never wavered in Russia; after his death, Russian musicians paid spontaneous tribute to him. Rachmaninoff's music is much less popular in Germany, France, and Italy; on the other hand, in England and America it constitutes a potent factor on the concert stage. – Died at Beverly Hills, March 28, 1943.

in 1873 - Adolfe Louis Eugene Fetis, composer, dies at 52.
in 1874 - Hans Christian Lumbye, composer, dies at 63.
in 1883 - Karl Hasse, composer is born.

in 1890 - Lauritz Melchior, Copenhagen Denmark, baritone tenor (Natl Symphony) is born.
Melchior was a Danish and later American opera singer. He was the pre-eminent Wagnerian tenor of the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, and has since come to be considered the quintessence of his voice type.

Born Lauritz Lebrecht Hommel Melchior in Copenhagen, Denmark, the young Melchior was a boy soprano and amateur singer before starting his first operatic vocal studies under Paul Bang at the Royal Opera School in Copenhagen at the age of 18 in 1908.

In 1913, Melchior made his debut in the baritone role of Silvio in Ruggiero Leoncavallo's Pagliacci at the Royal Theatre (Det Kongelige Teater) in Copenhagen. He sang mostly secondary baritone and bass roles for the Royal Danish Opera and provincial Scandianavian opera companies for the next few years.
Melchior with his children

One night, while on tour, Melchior helped an ailing soprano performing in Il trovatore by singing a high C in the Act IV Leonora-di Luna duet. The Azucena of that performance, the American contralto Mme Charles Cahier, was impressed by the tone she had heard and gave her young colleague sound advice: he was no baritone, but a tenor "with the lid on." She even wrote to the Royal Opera pleading that Melchior be given a sabbatical and a stipend to restudy his voice. This he did between 1917 and 1918, taking lessons from the noted Danish tenor Vilhelm Herold (1865-1937) who had sung Wagnerian roles in Covent Garden, Chicago and elsewhere from 1900 to 1915. This proved to be a turning point in Melchior's career. His high baritone voice was recast into that of a low tenor, but with a strong high extension. His second debut was on 8 October, 1918 in the title role of Tannhäuser, also at the Royal Opera in Copenhagen.

In 1920, Melchior visited England to sing in an experimental radio broadcast to the Scandinavian capital cities from the Marconi station in Chelmsford. From 1920, Melchior was a frequent performer in London, appearing at Sir Henry Joseph Wood's Promenade Concerts in Queens Hall. While at London he met the popular novelist and passionate Wagnerite Hugh Walpole, who provided the fledgling Heldentenor with financial aid. Additional studies under Victor Beigel, Ernst Grenzebach and the legendary dramatic soprano of the Vienna Court Opera, Anna Bahr von Mildenburg, kept Melchior occupied until 1923. Word of his talent spread and was heard of by Cosima and Siegfried Wagner at Bayreuth. There the re-opening of the Festival for 1924 was under preparation. Melchior was engaged to sing Siegmund and Parsifal. This prestigious contract opened the way to several other appearances such as a Wagner concert with Frida Leider in Berlin in 1923. Around this time several acoustic records were cut for Polydor.

On May 14, 1924 Lauritz Melchior made his debut, as Siegmund, at the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden in London. The result was a smashing success. Some weeks later Melchior made his debut on the stage of the Festspielhaus in Bayreuth in the roles of Siegmund and Parsifal. On February 17, 1926 his first appearance at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City took place. He sang Tannhäuser opposite Maria Jeritza, Friedrich Schorr, Karin Branzell and Michael Bohnen with Artur Bodanzky conducting. Although he was not adversely criticized, there was not much enthusiasm elicited by this debut. In his first season at the Metropolitan opera, Melchior sang only eight times. His second season brought only one appearance. To build up his repertory and gain more stage experience, he accepted an engagement at the Hamburg State Opera, where he appeared as Lohengrin, Otello, Radames in Aida and Jean van Leyden in Le prophète. He also sang regularly at other major German music theaters, like the State Operas of Berlin and Munich.

Although Melchior sang at most of the theatres and concert halls of the Western world during his long career, he is perhaps best remembered as a member of the Metropolitan Opera company where he sang 519 performances of Wagnerian roles between 1926 and 1950. Melchior's breakthrough at the Metropolitan opera finally came when he performed in Tristan und Isolde on March 20, 1929. From this point on his career flourished. It was Lohengrin's Farewell which served as Melchior's "swan song" in his last stage performance, on 2 February, 1950.

Melchior appeared at Covent Garden from 1924 to 1939, also as Otello (opposite Viorica Ursuleac as Desdemona) and Florestan, besides the Wagnerian repertory. Also at Covent Garden in 1932, he sang opposite popular soprano Florence Easton in Siegfried, the only time they appeared together. Other important stations of his career were in the Buenos Aires (Teatro Colón) (1931-1943), San Francisco Opera (1934-1945) and Chicago Opera (1934-1945).

Melchior made very many recordings, first as a baritone on Danish HMV, then as a tenor for Deutsche Grammophon(Polydor) (1923-1930), English and German HMV (1927-1935), RCA Victor (1938-1941), American Columbia (1942-1950) and lastly Warner Brothers. His final appearance with Danish radio was in 1960 with a performance of the first act of Die Walküre to celebrate his 70th birthday, which was recorded and constitutes a terrific souvenir of the indestructible, indeed almost supernatural Melchior in full flight.

Some of Melchior's most notable colleagues in the opera houses of the world included the sopranos Frida Leider, Kirsten Flagstad, Lotte Lehmann, Helen Traubel, Marjorie Lawrence and Elisabeth Rethberg and conductors Felix Weingartner, Bruno Walter, Wilhelm Furtwängler, Fritz Reiner, Sir Thomas Beecham, Arturo Toscanini, Erich Leinsdorf, George Szell, and Otto Klemperer.

Between 1944 and 1952, Melchior performed in 5 Hollywood musical films for MGM and Paramount Pictures and made numerous US television appearances. In 1947, he put his hand and footprints in cement in the forecourt of Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood. From 1946-1949 Melchior went on a world tour with his personal conductor Ezra Rachlin. Their visit to Denmark was particularly meaningful as they were the guests of King Frederic, who was an amateur conductor with his own personal concert hall in his palace.

Following his unofficial retirement around 1955, Melchior made sporadic singing appearances. On occasion he would sing the national anthem at Dodger baseball games in Los Angeles, such as Game 3 of the 1963 World Series. In the late 1960s, he set up a fund through Juilliard for the training of potential heldentenors called "The Lauritz Melchior Heldentenor Foundation."

In the summer of 1972, Melchior conducted the San Francisco Opera Orchestra at Sigmund Stern Grove in the Radetzky March by Johann Strauss I as part of the 50th anniversary celebration of the company; this was one of his last public appearances.

An American citizen since 1947, Melchior died in Santa Monica, California in 1973. He was put to rest in the Assistens Kirkegaard cemetery in Copenhagen.

Melchior is the father of Danish-American novelist and filmmaker Ib Melchior, who has written a biography about him and for years has fought a legal battle to reclaim the Melchior family estate Chossewitz in Germany, which was confiscated by East Germany.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7XQASPDdGQE"]Lauritz Melchior & Lotte Lehmann in Die Walküre Part 1 - YouTube[/ame]


[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yl1cmGTMZYA&feature=related"]LAURITZ MELCHIOR AS CANIO THE CLOWN 1950 - YouTube[/ame]

in 1892 - Arthor Goring Thomas, composer, dies at 41.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k8OYSAIFoug"]YouTube - Clara Butt & Kennerly Rumford *Vinyl Arthur Goring Thomas Opera: Nadeshda "Dear love of mine"[/ame]

in 1909 - Archie Bleyer, popular bandleader, is born. He found fame on the radio and television programs The Arthur Godfrey Show. He formed Cadence Records in the early Fifties with another Godfrey-alumni, singer Julius LaRosa. When Bleyer left Godfrey, he took The Chordettes with him. Cadence’s first star act, The Chordettes included Bleyer’s soon-to-be wife, Janet Ertel. Other Cadence successes came with Andy Williams, The McGuire Sisters, and The Everly Brothers. Retiring from music in the mid Sixties, Bleyer mothballed Cadence. (Parkinson’s disease). - Died March 20, 1989 in Sheboygan, Wisconsin.

in 1911 - Jean-Theodore Radoux, composer, dies at 75.
in 1913 - Christian Barnekow, composer, dies at 75.

in 1914 - Nick (actually Nicholas) Caiazza, tenor saxophonist, clarinetist, is born at New Castle, Pa. He received his first musical instruction from Ralph Gaspare. He left home in 1932, toured the Middle West with the Keystone Serenaders. He toured with Joe Haymes in 1936-37; worked with Muggsy Spanier Ragtimers (Nov.-Dec. 1939), then with Woody Herman (early 1940), before joining Will Bradley-Ray McKinley Band.

He worked at Nick's with Bobby Hackett (late 1940), then stinted with Dick Roger's Band before joining the Muggsy Spanier Big Band from April 1941. He left during spring 1942; was briefly with Teddy Powell, then with Alvino Rey until touring with the Chico Marx Band in summer 1943. During 1944 and 1945 he made many 'V7 Disc recordings with Louis Armstrong, Jack Teagarden, Hot Lips Page, and others. He worked as radio staff musician from the mid-1940s.

From 1950 until 1959 he was on Paul Whiteman's ABC studio staff; during this period he also worked with Tommy Dorsey, Ray McKinley, Benny Goodman, and Billy Butterfield; recorded with the N.Y. Philharmonic Orch. He studied composition with Paul Creston in N.Y.; in 1960 moved to Boston. Several of his extended compositions have been publicly performed. During the late 1960s he taught at the Berklee School of Music. - Died at Melrose, Mass., Dec. 1981.

in 1915 - Sviatoslav (Teofilovich) Richter, legendary Russian pianist, is born at Zhitomir. He began piano lessons at an early age with his father, a keyboard player and composer. While still a youth, he became active as a piano accompanist. In 1934 he made his formal recital debut at the House of Engineers in Odessa.

He entered the Moscow Conservatory in 1937, where he studied with Heinrich Neuhaus. Even before completing his formal studies in 1942, he had acquired a notable reputation via various public appearances. After taking the highest honors at the Ail-Union Competition of Performers in 1945, he pursued a career as a soloist with orchestras, as a recitalist, and as a chamber music artist.

In 1949 he was awarded the Stalin Prize in recognition of his formidable talent. His career took him to most of the major music centers of his homeland and in Eastern Europe in subsequent years. On Oct. 15,1960, he made his auspicious American debut as soloist in the Brahms 2nd Piano Concerto with Leinsdorf and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Two days later these forces recorded the work, which was destined to become one of the classic recordings of the century.

On Oct. 19,1960, he made his Carnegie Hall debut in N.Y. to enormous critical acclaim. His London debut followed in 1961. In 1965 and 1970 he made return visits to the U.S. In the later years of his career, Richter limited his engagements, but his many outstanding recordings served to preserve his genius for contemporary and future listeners.

He celebrated the 50th anniversary of his formal debut in 1994, and in 1995 he gave his farewell performance. However stupendous his digital mastery, Richter never permitted the mere mechanics of piano virtuosity to obscure his vision of interpretive fidelity to the score. While he naturally was a foremost interpreter of the Russian repertoire, not more so than in Prokofiev, he was also rightly acclaimed the world over as a supreme master of the great Romantic repertoire. Few pianists could hope to equal him in Schubert and Schumann, and none ever surpassed him. - Died at Moscow, Aug. 1, 1997.

20 MARCH
page 1 OF 2
 

Pedro

Forum Staff
Mar 2008
17,256
On a mountain top in Costa Rica. yeah...I win!!
20 MARCH
page 2 OF 2

in 1917 - Vera Lynn, singer (Anniversary Waltz) is born.
in 1918 - Bernd-Alois Zimmermann, German composer (Soldiers) is born.
in 1920 - Marian McPartland, jazz pianist (Bill Mayer, Jimmy McPartland) is born.

in 1921 - Primoz Ramovs, composer is born.

in 1921 - Arkansasan Sister Rosetta Tharpe, is born. A gospel singer and guitarist who influenced many R&B singers, belted out gospel, blues, and jazz during her long career. After recording for Decca Records in 1938, Tharpe joined the bands of Cab Calloway and Lucky Millinder in the early Forties. By the mid Forties, she scored several influential hits including, ‘Strange Things Are Happening Everyday’ (1945), ‘Up Above My Head, I Hear Music In The Air’ (1948), and a moving rendition of ‘Silent Night’ (1949). Although Tharpe continued to sing gospel music in the church, she belted out jazz in nightclubs. Tharpe later toured England with traditional jazz bandleader, Chris Barber. Suffering a stroke in 1970, her health had deteriorated. She died in Philadelphia, October 9, 1973.

in 1922 - Larry Elgart, New Haven Ct, bandleader/alto sax (Elgart Orchestra) is born.
in 1927 - John Pierre Herman Joubert, composer (Chamber Music for brass quintet) is born.
in 1930 - Michel Magne, composer is born.
in 1931 - Antonio Tauriello, composer is born.
in 1932 - Tod Dockstader, composer is born.
in 1933 - Jacquez Guyonnet, composer is born.
in 1935 - "Your Hit Parade" made its debut on radio.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4WKyNSluuRU"]YouTube - 1950 Your Hit Parade TV SHOW[/ame]


in 1937 - Joe Rivers, rocker (Johnnie and Joe) is born.
in 1942 - Theodoro Valcarcel, composer, dies at 41.
in 1944 - Felix Woyrsch, composer, dies at 83.
in 1946 - Ranger Doug, [Douglas Green], Ill, singer (Riders in Sky-Cowboy Way) is born.
in 1947 - Carl Palmer, drummer (Asia-Heat of the Moment, Emerson Lake and Palmer) is born.
in 1948 - 1st live televised musical Eugene Ormandy on CBS followed in 90.

in 1950 - Alan Malarowitz, is born. A member of the first act to perform at the original Woodstock Music Festival, drummer Alan Malarowitz co-founded the seven-member interracial group Sweetwater in 1967. Malarowitz was studying classical music at UCLA when he joined forces with August Burns. Attracting attention around Los Angeles clubs with their Latin-styled percussion, Sweetwater recorded three albums for Reprise and opened up for many of the top acts of the day, but achieved only limited success in their own right. After lead singer Nancy Nevins was seriously injured in a car crash in December 1969, the group drifted before disbanding two years later. By that time, Malarowitz had already left the group to get married and later worked as a session drummer. He died in a car crash en route from Los Angeles to Las Vegas, after falling asleep at the wheel and striking an embankment, August 1981.

in 1951 - Guy Perry, rock guitarist/vocalist (Motels-Only the Lonely) is born.

in 1951 - Jimmie Vaughan, guitarist (Fabulous Thunderbirds) is born.
in 1951 - John Wetton, rocker (Asia) is born.
in 1951 - Jan Ingenhoven, composer, dies at 74.
in 1951 - Kathleen Lockhart Manning, composer, dies at 60.
in 1954 - Jim Seales, Hamilton Ala, singer (Shenandoah-Sunday in the South) is born.
in 1959 - Richard Drummie, rocker (Go West-Call Me, Don't Look Down) is born.

in 1960 - Elvis Presley started his first recordings since being discharged from the US Army. A 12 hour session in a Nashville recording studio produced his next No.1 single, ‘Stuck On You’. Scotty Moore and Bill Black, who had quit Presley's touring band in 1957, were in the studio with him for the last time.

in 1961 - Elvis Presley started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Surrender', his fifth No.1 of the 60's. It also made No.1 in the UK. The song was based on the 1911 Italian song, 'Return To Sorrento.'

in 1961 - Slim Jim Phantom, [Jim Mcdonnell], rock drummer (Stray Cats) is born.
in 1963 - Paul Mirkovich, rock keyboardist (Nelson-Love and Affection) is born.
in 1964 - Jean Rogister, composer, dies at 84.

in 1964 - The Beatles appeared live on the UK television program Ready Steady Go! miming to ‘It Won't Be Long’, ’You Can't Do That’, and ‘Can't Buy Me Love’. They were also presented with a special award from US magazine Billboard, in recognition of The Beatles having the top three singles on the chart simultaneously.

in 1965 - The first of a twice-nightly UK package tour kicked of at London's Finsbury Park Astoria featuring Stevie Wonder, The Miracles, Martha and the Vandellas, The Supremes and The Temptations.

in 1968 - Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'The Legend Of Xanadu', the group's only UK No.1.

in 1968 - Eric Clapton, Neil Young, Richie Furay and Jim Mesina, were arrested in Los Angeles for 'being at a place where it was suspected marijuana was being used.' Clapton was later found innocent, the others paid small fines.

in 1969 - John Lennon married Yoko Ono at the British Consulate Office in Gibraltar. They spent their honeymoon in Amsterdam campaigning for an international "Bed-In" for peace. They planned another "Bed-in" in the United States, but were denied entry. The couple then went to Montréal, and during a "Bed-in" at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel recorded ‘Give Peace a Chance’. Lennon also detailed this period in The Beatles' ‘The Ballad of John and Yoko’, recorded by Lennon and McCartney on April 14, 1969.

in 1970 - David and Angela Bowie were married at Beckenham Registry Office, London. They were divorced in 1980.

in 1970 - Manolis Chiotis dies at age 50. Greek singer, Rebetiko composer and a virtuoso on the guitarist and bouzouki. He first started playing on the violin, eventually moved on to the guitar and the bouzouki. Manolis began his stage and recording career in 1937, at age of 16, playing with Bayanderas. A year later, in 1938, he recorded his first song "De les to nai kai 'sy". As a result of the shut down of the record companies in Greece, because of the German Occupation, he was already one of the major musicians and played Bouzouki and Guitar in many recordings, besides his own. His career took-off after the German Occupation. He has composed many great songs that became timeless hits, including "O Pasatémpos" , "Apópse Fíla me", "Miázis san Thálassa", "Vouno me vouno" to mention a few. He also started to play and popularized the four-course bouzouki (type of bouzouki with 8 metal strings which are arranged in 4 pairs) after 1959. His second Mary Linda also sang many of his hits. Manolis is known as an incredible virtuoso on both the bouzouki and the guitar.

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EHTdxF530N8"]YouTube - Manolis Chiotis - Bouzouki[/ame]



in 1971 - at their own expense The Rolling Stones placed full page advertisements in all the UK's music papers disclaiming any connection with the release of the Decca album 'Stone Age' saying 'in our opinion the content is below the standard we try to keep.'

in 1971 - Janis Joplin started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with the Kris Kristofferson's 'Me And Bobby McGee'. Joplin died the year before on 4th October aged 27.

in 1973 - Slade were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Com On Feel The Noize', the group's fourth UK No.1.

in 1976 - Status Quo started a three-week run at No.1 on the UK chart with their third No.1 album 'Blue For You'. The bands record label set up a deal with Levi Jeans, advertising in over 6,000 clothes shops to help promote the album. in 1976 - Alice Cooper married 19 year old Sheryl Goddard.

in 1977 - Lou Reed was banned from appearing The London Palladium in England because of his punk image.

in 1977 - T Rex played their final ever gig when they appeared at The Locarno in Portsmouth, England.

in 1978 - Robert Gilbert /Robert David Winterfeld dies at age 78. German composer of light music, a lyricist, singer, and actor born in Berlin.

in 1980 - The Mi Amigo ship containing England's pirate Radio Caroline sinks.

in 1980 - 28 year- old Joseph Riviera held up the Asylum Records office in New York and demanded to see either Jackson Browne or The Eagles. Riviera wanted to talk to them to see if they would finance his trucking operation. He gave himself up when told that neither act was in the office at the time.

in 1981 - Soft Cell, B-Movie and Depeche Mode all appeared at The Lyceum, London, tickets £3.

in 1981 - Sonny Red Kyner dies at age 48. American alto saxophonist born in Detroit City; he was associated with the hard bop idiom having success in the 1960s as a leader recording albums 'Out of the Blue'-1957, 'The Mode'-1960 and 'Sonny Red'-1970. He recorded four albums with Donald Byrd: 'The Creeper','Mustang!', 'Blackjack', and 'Slow Drag', as well as recording albums with the likes of Curtis Fuller, Mosaic, Bill Hardman, Yusef Lateef, Paul Quinichette, Bobby Timmons and Frank Wess but sadly Sonny fell into obscurity by the late 70s.

in 1982 - Joan Jett And The Blackhearts started a seven week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'I Love Rock 'n' Roll', a No.4 hit in the UK. The song had been a B-side from 60's bands The Arrows.

in 1982 - The Jam went to No.1 on the UK chart with their sixth album 'The Gift.'

in 1987 - Norman Harris dies at age 39. an American guitarist, producer, arranger, songwriter, and orchestra conductor associated with Philly soul; born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania he was a founding member of MFSB releasing thier debut album MFSB in 1973. He was also one-third of the production trio of Baker-Harris-Young. While at Philadelphia Soul, Norman produced the likes of First Choice, Loleatta Holloway, Eddie Holman, the Salsoul Orchestra, and Love Committee for Salsoul Records, as well as Carl Bean, The Trammps, Blue Magic, 21st Creation (cardiovascular disease)

in 1988 - Gil Evans /Ian Ernest Gilmore Green dies at age 75. Canadian jazz pianist, arranger, composer and bandleader, in Toronto, active in the United States. He played an important role in the development of cool jazz, modal jazz, free jazz and jazz fusion, and collaborated extensively with Miles Davis. From 1957 onwards Gil recorded over 2 dozen albums under his own name, debuting with the album Big Stuff aka Gil Evans & Ten in 1957. His 1986 album, Bud and Bird, won the Grammy award for Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Big Band in 1989.

In the 1970s, he worked in the free jazz and jazz-rock idioms, he had a particular interest in the work of rock guitarist Jimi Hendrix. and in 1974, he released an album of his arrangements of music by Hendrix. In 1986, he produced and arranged the soundtrack to the film Absolute Beginners, thereby working with such contemporary artists as Sade Adu, Patsy Kensit's Eight Wonder, The Style Council, Jerry Dammers, Smiley Culture, Edward Tudor-Pole, and, notably, David Bowie. In 1986, he was inducted into the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame and in 1987, Gil recorded a live CD with Sting, featuring big band arrangements of songs by and with The Police.

in 1990 - Gloria Estefans tour bus was rammed by a tractor-trailer on the way to a concert. Emilio Estefan and their son Nayib were injured; Gloria suffered a serious back injury, which required an operation two days later.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=44oqk_BV-ek"]YouTube - Gloria Estefan - Mi Tierra (Official Music Video)" target="_blank">YouTube - Gloria Estefan - Mi Tierra (Official Music Video)[/ame]



in 1991 - Eric Clapton's four year old son, Conor, fell to his death from the 53rd story of a New York City apartment after a housekeeper who was cleaning the room left a window open. The boy was in the custody of his mother, Italian actress, Lori Del Santo and the pair were visiting a friend's apartment. Clapton was staying in a nearby hotel after taking his son to the circus the previous evening. The tragedy inspired his song ‘Tears in Heaven’.

in 1991 - Michael Jackson signed a $1 billion (£0.6 billion) contract with Sony, the richest deal in recording history.

in 1991 - Billy Butler dies at age 65. American soul-jazz-blues guitarist born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; he played with The Harlemaires, Tommy Flanagan, tenor saxophonist Floyd "Candy" Johnson, Jimmy Smith, Houston Person, organist Harry "Doc" Bagby, Benny Goodman, David "Fathead" Newman, Bill Doggett, King Curtis and others. He also co-wrote, with Bill Doggett, the 1956 R&B hit "Honky Tonk". He was with the Doggett band from 1954 to 1964 and recorded many albums with the organist.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1-2ODywKOIg"]YouTube - BILLY BUTLER - THE RIGHT TRACK" target="_blank">YouTube - BILLY BUTLER - THE RIGHT TRACK[/ame]



in 1992 - Frank Westbrook, dancer/choreographer, dies at 82.
in 1992 - Georges Delerue, French composer (Hiroshima, My Love), dies at 67.

in 1992 - Georges Delerue dies at age 67. French film composer born in Roubaix. He composed over 350 scores for cinema and TV winning many important awards including Rome Prize in 1949, Emmy Award in 1968 - Our World, Genie Award in 1986 - Sword Of Gideon, ACE Award in 1991 - The Josephine Baker Story and an Academy Award for Best Original Score in 1979 for A Little Romance and 4 other Academy Nominations for Anne of the Thousand Days, The Day of the Dolphin, Julia and Agnes of God. Georges was the first and perhaps the only composer to win 3 consecutive Cesar Awards together and an Academy in the same year in 1979 with Get Out Your Handkerchiefs and A Little Romance; 1980-Love on the Run; and 1981-The Last Metro plus 5 other Cesar Nominations (heart attack)

in 1993 - Shaggy was at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Oh Carolina', the Jamaican singers first of four UK No.1's.

in 1994 - "Cyrano - The Musical" closes at Neil Simon NYC after 137 perfs.

in 1995 - Beatles song, "Baby It's You," with late John Lennon as lead singer, is released, 1st Fab Four single in more than 30 years.

in 1996 - Alan Ridout, composer, dies at 61.

in 1997 - UK police were investigating singer Mark Morrison after they discovered he had sent a friend to carry out his community service, a sentence he was given after being involved in a fight.

in 1998 - George Howard dies at age 41. American jazz soprano saxophonist born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; George originally trained on clarinet and bassoon before deciding on the soprano sax. He had been inspired by the likes of John Coltrane, Chick Corea, Miles Davis, Herbie Hancock, Eddie Harris, Grover Washinton Jr and Wayne Shorter and worked as session player for Harold Melvin & The Blue Notes, Leon Huff, Dexter Wansel, First Choice and Blue Magic, before 1979 when the great Grover Washinton Jr invited him on a tour, a tour which helped establish his name.

George concentrated on the soulful side of jazz, and released his first solo studio album, Asphalt Gardens in 1982, followed by Steppin' Out in 1984, both albums charted on the Billboard jazz album charts at No. 25 and No. 9. But his third album, Dancing in the Sun, had scaled the Billboard Jazz Album chart to No.1. by 1985. This fine acheivement was repeated by his next three albums, Love Will Follow-1986; A Nice Place to Be-1986; and Reflections-1988. George recorded seven more studio albums before "There's a Riot Goin' On", his final album, was released by Blue Note Records on April 21st 1998, one month after his death. This tribute to Sly Stone was well ahead of it's time in the smooth jazz genre. (lymphoma).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ng9jTAZLhW8"]YouTube - george howard "Do I Ever Cross Your Mind"" target="_blank">YouTube - george howard "Do I Ever Cross Your Mind"[/ame]



2000 - Geri Halliwell scored her third UK No.1 single with 'Bag It Up'. It made the former Spice Girl the first woman in UK chart history to have 10 UK No.1 hits.

in 2000 - Gene "Eugene" Andrusco dies at age 38. Canadian born actor, record producer, composer, singer and guitarist, he was maybe best known as the leader of the funky christian rock band Adam Again; he was also a member of The Swirling Eddies credited as Prickly Disco and the following year, Gene, along with Derri Daugherty, Terry Scott Taylor, and Michael Roe, formed the alt-country supergroup, the Lost Dogs.

He produced for soul/R&B pioneer Jon Gibson on the album Love Education''. Gene had also been a child actor appearing in such programs as Bewitched, The Screaming Woman-TV Movie, Gidget Gets Married-TV Movie, Jake and the Fatman, The Bold Ones and Cannon. he was also a voice actor, lending his voice to several animated series, including Wait Till Your Father Gets Home, The Barkleys and The Amazing Chan and the Chan Clan (Gene passed away in his sleep after suffering headaches the day before).

in 2001 - Jon, Paul and Bradley from pop group S Club 7 were apprehended by police as they walked through Covent Garden, London, openly smoking a marijuana joint. They were taken to Charring Cross police station where they were held for four hours.

in 2002 - The Daily Mail newspaper reported that Robbie Williams had become a minister. He was ordained via the Internet by the non-denominational Universal Ministries and officiated the wedding of Billy Morrison from rock band The Cult and Jennifer Holliday.

in 2005 - Stereophonics scored their fourth No.1 album when ‘Language, Sex, Violence, Other?’ went to the top of the UK charts.

in 2005 - Tony Christie featuring Peter Kay were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Is This The Way To Amarillo', spending 7 weeks at the top of the charts, it became the best-selling single of 2005. It was a re-release of Christie's 1971 hit.

in 2009 - Mel Brown dies at age 69. American blues guitarist; he started guitar in his early teens while battling meningitis, studying the music of idols like B. B. King and T-Bone Walker. In 1960, he toured with The Olympics, followed by a two years with Etta James. By 1963 he had become a wanted session musician playing/ recording for artists from Bobby Darin to T-Bone Walker. In '71 he paired up with fellow guitarist Herb Ellis recording a series of LPs including ''Big Foot Country Gal'', ''The Wizard'', and ''I'd Rather Suck My Thumb'', they worked on various projects over 12 years. In the years to follow, he backed artists from Buddy Guy to Stevie Ray Vaughan to Clifton Chenier. In 1986, Brown accepted Albert Collins' offer to join his band the Icebreakers, recording Cold Snap before returning to Antone's. In 1989, he resumed his solo career with "If It's All Night, It's All Right". Then in early 1990, Mel relocated to Canada, where he formed a new band, the Homewreckers. He was nominated for a Juno Award in both 2001 and 2002 and on April 3 2008 Mel performed on stage with Buddy Guy in Kitchener Ontario mesmerizing the crowd. Buddy Guy left the stage for Mel to finish the show to a Standing Ovation (emphysema)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OUHhdh45ncM"]YouTube - "Crosstown" - Mel Brown" target="_blank">YouTube - "Crosstown" - Mel Brown[/ame]



20 MARCH
page 2 OF 2
 

Pedro

Forum Staff
Mar 2008
17,256
On a mountain top in Costa Rica. yeah...I win!!
21 MARCH
page 1 OF 3

in 1527 - Hermann Finck, composer is born.
in 1624 - Francois Roberday, composer is born.
in 1642 - Georg Schmezer, composer is born.
in 1654 - Johann Neukrantz, composer, dies at 51.

in 1685 - Johann Sebastian Bach, the most revered member of the family, whose stature as a composer has led him to be acclaimed as the supreme arbiter and lawgiver of music, a master comparable in greatness of stature with Aristotle in philosophy and Rembrant in painting, is born at Eisenach. (baptized, March 23), 1685; He died at Leipzig, July 28, 1750.

He was a member of an illustrious family of musicians who were active in various capacities as performing artists, composers, and teachers. That so many Bachs were musicians lends support to the notion that music is a hereditary faculty, that some subliminal cellular unit may be the nucleus of musicality. The word "Bach" itself means "stream" in the German language; the rhetorical phrase that Johann Sebastian Bach was not a mere stream but a whole ocean of music ("Nicht Bach aber Meer haben wir hier") epitomizes Bach's encompassing magnitude.

Yet despite the grandeur of the phenomenon of Bach, he was not an isolated figure dwelling in the splendor of his genius apart from the Zeitgeist, the spirit of his time. Just as Aristotle was not only an abstract philosopher but also an educator (Alexander the Great was his pupil), just as Leonardo da Vinci was not only a painter of portraits but also a practical man of useful inventions, so Bach was a mentor to young students, a master organist and instructor who spent his life within the confines of his native Thuringia as a teacher and composer of works designed for immediate performance in church and in the schoolroom.

Indeed, the text of the dedication of his epoch-making work Das wohltemperierte Clavier oder Praeludia und Fugen emphasizes its pedagogical aspect: "The Well-tempered Clavier, or Preludes and Fugues in all tones and semitones, both with the major third of Ut Re Mi, and the minor third of Re Mi Fa, composed and notated for the benefit and exercise of musical young people eager to learn, as well as for a special practice for those who have already achieved proficiency and skill in this study." The MS is dated 1722. Bach's system of "equal temperament" (which is the meaning of "well-tempered" in the title Well-tempered Clavier) postulated the division of the octave into 12 equal semitones, making it possible to transpose and to effect a modulation into any key, a process unworkable in the chaotic tuning of keyboard instruments before Bach's time.

Bach was not the first to attempt the tempered division, however. J.C.R Fischer anticipated him in his collection Ariadne musica (with the allusion to the thread of Ariadne that allowed Theseus to find his way out of the Cretan labyrinth); publ. in 1700, it contained 20 preludes and fugues in 19 different keys. Undoubtedly Bach was aware of this edition; actually, the subjects of several of Bach's preludes and fugues are similar to the point of identity to the themes of Fischer's work.

These coincidences do not detract from the significance of Bach's accomplishment, for it is the beauty and totality of development that makes Bach's work vastly superior to those of any of his putative predecessors. The advent of Bach marked the greatest flowering of Baroque music. Although he wrote most of his contrapuntal works as a didactic exercise, there are in his music extraordinary visions into the remote future; consider, for instance, the A-minor Fugue of the first book of the Well-tempered Clavier, in which the inversion of the subject seems to violate all the rules of proper voice- leading in its bold leap from the tonic upward to the seventh of the scale and then up a third. The answer to the subject of the F minor Fugue of the first book suggests the chromatic usages of later centuries.

In the art of variations, Bach was supreme. A superb example is his set of keyboard pieces known as the Goldberg Variations, so named because it was commissioned by the Russian diplomat Kayserling through the mediation of Bach's pupil Johann Gottlieb Goldberg, who was in Kayserling's service as a harpsichord player. These variations are listed by Bach as the fourth part of the Clavier- Ubung', the didactic title of this division is characteristic of Bach's intention to write music for utilitarian purposes, be it for keyboard exercises, for church services, or for chamber music.

A different type of Bach's great musical projections is exemplified by his Concerts a plusieurs instruments, known popularly as the Brandenburg Concertos, for they were dedicated to Christian Ludwig, margrave of Brandenburg. They represent the crowning achievement of the Baroque. Numbers 2, 4, and 5 of the Brandenburg Concertos are essentially concerti grossi, in which a group of solo instruments— the concertino—is contrasted with the accompanying string orch. Finally, Die Kunst der Fuge, Bach's last composition, which he wrote in 1749, represents an encyclopedia of fugues, canons, and various counterpoints based on the same theme.

Here Bach's art of purely technical devices, such as inversion, canon, augmentation, diminution, double fugue, triple fugue, at times appearing in fantastic optical symmetry so that the written music itself forms a balanced design, is calculated to instruct the musical mind as well as delight the aural sense. Of these constructions, the most extraordinary is represented by Das musikalische Opfer, composed by Bach for Frederick the Great of Prussia. Bach's second son, Carl Philipp Emanuel, who served as chamber musician to the court of Prussia, arranged for Bach to visit Frederick's palace in Potsdam; Bach arrived there, accompanied by his son Wilhelm Friedemann, on May 7,1747. The ostensible purpose of Bach's visit was to test the Silbermann pianos installed in the palace.

The King, who liked to flaunt his love for the arts and sciences, gave Bach a musical theme of his own invention and asked him to compose a fugue upon it. Bach also presented an organ recital at the Heiliggeistkirche in Potsdam and attended a chamber music concert held by the King; on that occasion he improvised a fugue in six parts on a theme of his own. Upon his return to Leipzig, Bach set to work on the King's theme. Gallantly, elegantly, he inscribed the work, in scholastic Latin, "Regis lussu Cantio et Reliqua Canonica Arte Resoluta" ("At the King's command, the cantus and supplements are in a canonic manner resolved").

The initials of the Latin words form the acronym RICERCAR, a technical term etymologically related to the word "research" and applied to any study that is instructive in nature. The work is subdivided into 13 sections; it includes a puzzle canon in two parts, marked "quaerendo invenietis" ("you will find it by seeking"). Bach had the score engraved, and sent it to the King on July 7, 1747. Intellectually independent as Bach was, he never questioned the immanent rights of established authority.

He was proud of the title Royal Polish and Electoral Saxon Court Composer to the King of Poland and Elector of Saxony, bestowed upon him in 1736 while he was in the service of Duke Christian of Weissenfels, and he even regarded the position of cantor of the Thomasschule in Leipzig as inferior to it. In his dedications to royal personages he adhered to the customary humble style, which was extended even to the typography of his dedicatory prefaces. In such dedications the name of the exalted commissioner was usually printed in large letters, with conspicuous indentation, while Bach's own signature, preceded by elaborate verbal genuflection, appeared in the smallest type of the typographer's box. Bach's biography is singularly lacking in dramatic events.

He attended the Latin school in Eisenach, and apparently was a good student, as demonstrated by his skill in the Latin language. His mother died in 1694; his father remarried and died soon afterward. Bach's school years were passed at the Lyceum in the town of Ohrdruf; his older brother Johann Christoph lived there; he helped Bach in his musical studies; stories that he treated Bach cruelly must be dismissed as melodramatic inventions. Through the good offices of Elias Herda, cantor of the Ohrdruf school, Bach received an opportunity to move, for further education, to Liineburg; there he was admitted to the Mettenchor of the Michaeliskirche.

In March of 1703 he obtained employment as an attendant to Johann Ernst, Duke of Weimar; he was commissioned to make tests on the new organ of the Neukirche in Arnstadt; on Aug. 9, 1703, he was appointed organist there. In Oct. 1705 he obtained a leave of absence to travel to Liibeck to hear the famous organist Dietrich Buxtehude. The impetus of Bach's trip was presumably the hope of obtaining Buxtehude's position as organist upon his retirement, but there was a peculiar clause attached to the contract for such a candidate: Buxtehude had five unmarried daughters; his successor was expected to marry the eldest of them.

Buxtehude himself obtained his post through such an expedient, but Bach apparently was not prepared for matrimony under such circumstances. On June 15, 1707, Bach became organist at the Blasiuskirche in Muhlhausen. On Oct. 17, 1707, he married his cousin Maria Barbara Bach, who was the daughter of Johann Michael Bach. On Feb. 4, 1708, Bach composed his cantata Gott ist mein Ko'nig for the occasion of the installation of a new Muhlhausen town council. This was the first work of Bach's that was publ. Although the circumstances of his employment in Muhlhausen were seemingly favorable, Bach resigned his position on June 25, 1708, and accepted the post of court organist to Duke Wilhelm Ernst of Weimar.

In Dec. 1713 Bach visited Halle, the birthplace of Handel; despite its proximity to Bach's own place of birth in Eisenach, the two great composers never met. On March 2,1714, Duke Wilhelm Ernst offered Bach the position of Konzertmeister. In Sept. 1717 Bach went to Dresden to hear the famous French organist Louis Marchand, who resided there at the time. It was arranged that Bach and Marchand would hold a contest as virtuosos, but Marchand left Dresden before the scheduled event. This anecdote should not be interpreted frivolously as Marchand's fear of competing; other factors may have intervened to prevent the meeting.

Johann Samuel Drese, the Weimar music director, died on Dec. 1, 1716; Bach expected to succeed him in that prestigious position, but the Duke gave the post to Drese's son. Again, this episode should not be interpreted as the Duke's lack of appreciation for Bach's superior abilities; the appointment may have merely followed the custom of letting such administrative posts remain in the family.

In 1717 Bach accepted the position of Kapellmeister and music director to Prince Leopold of Anhalt in Cothen, but a curious contretemps developed when the Duke of Weimar refused to release Bach from his obligation, and even had him held under arrest from Nov. 6 to Dec. 2, 1717, before Bach was finally allowed to proceed to Cothen. The Cothen period was one of the most productive in Bach's life; there he wrote his great set of Brandenburg Concertos, the Clavierbiichlein fur Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, and the first book of Das Wohltemperierte Clavier.

In Oct. 1719 Bach was in Halle once more, but again missed meeting Handel, who had already gone to England. In 1720 Bach accompanied Prince Leopold to Karlsbad.

A tragedy supervened when Bach's devoted wife was taken ill and died before Bach could be called to her side; she was buried on July 7, 1720, leaving Bach to take care of their seven children.

In 1720 Bach made a long journey to Hamburg, where he met the aged Reinken, who was then 97 years old. It is a part of the Bach legend that Reinken was greatly impressed with Bach's virtuosity and exclaimed, "I believed that the art of organ playing was dead, but it lives in you!"

Bach remained a widower for nearly a year and a half before he married his second wife, Anna Magdalena Wilcken, a daughter of a court trumpeter at Weissenfels, on Dec. 3, 1721. They had 13 children during their happy marital life.

New avenues were opened to Bach when Johann Kuhnau, the cantor of Leipzig, died, on June 5, 1722. Although Bach applied for his post, the Leipzig authorities offered it first to Telemann of Hamburg, and when he declined, to Christoph Graupner of Darmstadt; only when Graupner was unable to obtain a release from his current position was Bach given the post. He traveled to Leipzig on Feb. 7, 1723, for a trial performance, earning a favorable reception.

On April 22, 1723, Bach was elected to the post of cantor of the city of Leipzig and was officially installed on May 31, 1723. As director of church music, Bach's duties included the care of musicians for the Thomaskirche, Nicolaikirche, Matthaeikirche, and Petrikirche, and he was also responsible for the provision of the music to be performed at the Thomaskirche and Nicolaikirche.

There were more mundane obligations that Bach was expected to discharge, such as gathering firewood for the Thomasschule, about which Bach had recurrent disputes with the rector; eventually he sought the intervention of the Elector of Saxony in the affair. It was in Leipzig that Bach created his greatest sacred works: the St. John Passion, the Mass in B minor, and the Christmas Oratorio. In 1729 he organized at the Thomasschule the famous Collegium Musicum, composed of professional musicians and univ. students with whom he gave regular weekly concerts; he led this group until 1737, and again from 1739 to 1741.

He made several visits to Dresden, where his eldest son, Wilhelm Friedemann, served as organist at the Sophienkirche. In June 1747 Bach joined the Societat der Musikalischen Wissenschaften, a scholarly organization founded by a former member of the Collegium Musicum, Lorenz C. Mizler, a learned musician, Latinist, and mathematician who spent his life confounding his contemporaries and denouncing them as charlatans and ignorant pretenders to knowledge. The rules of the society required an applicant to submit a sample of his works; Bach contributed a triple canon in 6 parts and presented it, along with the canonic variations Vom Himmel hoch da komm ich her. This was one of Bach's last works. He suffered from a cataract that was gradually darkening his vision. A British optician named John Taylor, who plied his trade in Saxony, operated on Bach's eyes in the spring of 1749; the operation, performed with the crude instruments of the time, left Bach almost totally blind.

The same specialist operated also on Handel, with no better results. The etiology of Bach's last illness is unclear. It is said that on July 18, 1750, his vision suddenly returned (possibly when the cataract receded spontaneously), but a cerebral hemorrhage supervened, and a few days later Bach was dead.

Bach's great contrapuntal work, Die Kunst der Fuge, remained unfinished. The final page bears this inscription by C.P.E. Bach: "Upon this Fugue, in which the name B-A-C-H is applied as a countersubject, the author died." Bach's widow, Anna Magdalena, survived him by nearly 10 years; she died on Feb. 27, 1760.

In 1895 Wilhelm His, an anatomy professor at the University of Leipzig, performed an exhumation of Bach's body, made necessary because of the deterioration of the wooden coffin, and took remarkable photographs of Bach's skeleton, which he published under the title J.S. Bach, Forschungen tiber dessen Grabstatte, Gebeine und Antlitz (Leipzig, 1895).

On July 28, 1949, on the 199th anniversary of Bach's death, his coffin was transferred to the choir room of the Thomaskirche. Of Bach's 20 children, ten reached maturity.

His sons Wilhelm Friedemann, Carl Philipp Emanuel, Johann Christoph Friedrich, and Johann (John) Christian (the "London" Bach) made their mark as independent composers. Among Bach's notable pupils were Johann Friedrich Agricola, Johann Christoph Altnikol, Heinrich Nicolaus Gerber, Johann Gottlieb Goldberg, Gottfried August Homilius, Johann Philipp Kirnberger, Johann Christian Kittel, Johann Tobias Krebs, and Johann Ludwig Krebs. It is historically incorrect to maintain that Bach was not appreciated by his contemporaries; Bach's sons Carl Philipp Emanuel and the "London" Bach kept his legacy alive for a generation after Bach's death.

True, they parted from Bach's art of contrapuntal writing; Carl Philipp Emanuel turned to the fashionable style galant, and wrote keyboard works of purely harmonic content. The first important biography of Bach was published in 1802, by J.N. Forkel. Dramatic accounts of music history are often inflated. It is conventional to say that Bach's music was rescued from oblivion by Mendelssohn, who conducted the St. Matthew Passion in Berlin in 1829, but Mozart and Beethoven had practiced Bach's preludes and fugues. Bach's genius was never dimmed; he was never a prophet without a world.

In 1850 the centennial of Bach's death was observed by the inception of the Leipzig Bach- Gesellschaft, a society founded by Carl Becker, Moritz Hauptmann, Otto Jahn, and Robert Schumann. Concurrently, the publishing firm of Breitkopf & Hartel inaugurated the publication of the complete edition of Bach's works. A Neue Bach-Gesellschaft was founded in 1900; it supervised the publication of the important Bach-Jahrbuch, a scholarly journal begun in 1904. The bicentennial of Bach's death, in 1950, brought about a new series of memorials and celebrations.

With the development of recordings, Bach's works were made available to large masses of the public. Modern composers, even those who champion the total abandonment of all conventional methods of composition and the abolition of musical notation, are irresistibly drawn to Bach as a precursor; suffice it to mention Alban Berg's use of Bach's chorale Es ist genug in the concluding section of his Violin Concerto dedicated to the memory of Alma Mahler's young daughter.

It is interesting to note also that Bach's famous acronym B-A-C-H consists of four different notes in a chromatic alternation, thus making it possible to use it as an element of a 12-tone row. The slogan "Back to Bach," adopted by composers of the early 20th century, seems to hold true for every musical era. The 250th anniversary of Bach's death was commemorated in 2000 with special observances and concerts around the world.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E2j-frfK-yg"]YouTube - Bach, Air on the G string (Air on a G string, string orchestra)" target="_blank">YouTube - Bach, Air on the G string (Air on a G string, string orchestra)[/ame]

in 1708 - Caspar Ruetz, composer is born.
in 1716 - Josef Ferdinand Norbert Seger, composer is born.
in 1734 - Gunther Jacob Wenceslaus, composer, dies at 48
in 1779 - Alexis Garaude, composer is born.
in 1793 - Johann Michael Schmidt, composer, dies at 51.
in 1801 - Andrea Lucchesi, composer, dies at 59.
in 1820 - Frank Mori, composer is born.
in 1826 - Beethoven's Quartet #13 in B flat major (Op 130) premiered in Vienna.
in 1836 - Jesus Monasterio, composer is born..
in 1839 - Modest Mussorgsky, composer (Boris Gudunov, Night on Bald Mt) [NS] is born.
in 1863 - Hugo Kaun, composer is born.

in 1878 - Thurlow Weed Lieurance, composer is born.
Video Note: Friends of Old Puppy play "By The Waters Of Minnetonka"which was written by Thurlow Lieurance around about 1914. It has words written by J. M. Cavanass, but they are not used in this performance. Friends of Old Puppy features Steven Strauss on (Risa) electric soprano ukulele, Kurt Stevenson on guitar, Ed Johnson on wash-tub bass ("gutbucket"), Cynthia Wilson on drums. This music was recorded on March 20, 2010. The guy in background reading a book is obviously a true music lover. Further more I don’tthink he looks anything like me.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vonCMlv2PS8"]YouTube - By The Waters Of Minnetonka (Kurt Stevenson on guitar)" target="_blank">YouTube - By The Waters Of Minnetonka (Kurt Stevenson on guitar)[/ame]

in 1881 - Hermann Sandby, composer is born.
in 1883 - Jules van Nuffel, composer is born.
in 1894 - Jacob Rosenhaim, composer, dies at 80.
in 1900 - Paul Klecki /Kletzki, Polish violinist/composer/conductor is born.

in 1902 – Son House (Eddie James House Jr.) is born. A former Baptist preacher turned Delta blues legend, the Mississippi-born Son House influenced Robert Johnson, Muddy Waters, and many other pioneering blues performers. After serving a year in jail for manslaughter, House picked up his first guitar at age 25 and earned his musical education in 1930 alongside guitarist Charlie Patton. House followed Patton in the early Thirties to a recording session in Wisconsin and recorded several brilliant, but obscure singles for Paramount Records. A phenomenal stage performer, Son House soon teamed with Willie Brown for much of the Thirties. Always displaying a sombre disposition on stage, House felt guilty for leaving the church for gin joint blues. After making a series of Library of Congress Recordings for Alan Lomax in 1941–42, Son House moved to Rochester, New York, and retired from music in 1948. Rediscovered in 1964, Son House was coaxed back to the stage. A living legend who inspired a new generation of college-aged blues fans, Son House recorded a fine album for Columbia Records in 1965 Father Of Folk Blues. The ailing performer retired from music for good in 1976. Stricken with both Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease, he died in Detroit October 19, 1988.

21 MARCH
page 1 of 3
 

Pedro

Forum Staff
Mar 2008
17,256
On a mountain top in Costa Rica. yeah...I win!!
21 MARCH
page 2 of 3

in 1904 - Nikolaos Skalkottas, composer is born.
in 1908 - Maurice Stans, rocker is born.

in 1914 - Paul Tortelier, composer is born.
Video Notes: Excerpt from "Prelude" from: Suite No. 1in G major, BWV 1007 (Bach)
From: VAI DVD 4481 Paul Tortelier Testament to Bach
The Complete Cello Suites Produced and Directed by Peter Ammann.
In July 1990, the renowned cellist Paul Tortelier played the complete Bach Suites for the 40th anniversary of the first Festival Pablo Casals of Prades, in the beautiful Abbey of Saint-Michel de Cuba. Though in ailing health (he died later that same year), Tortelier undertook the performances as an homage to his mentor, Casals. Filmed by Peter Ammann, this document is, in the words of the cellists son, Yan Pascal Tortelier, unique in that it sums up my fathers whole life on the cello. On the eve of his death it tells us forever how the music of Bach was singing in his heart and soul a musical testament.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KYah2xc3Gp0"]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KYah2xc3Gp0" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KYah2xc3Gp0[/ame]

in 1919 – Lewis Bedell, co-founder, with Herb Newman, of Era Records and its subsidiary Dore, is born. Formed in 1955, Era issued pop, country and jazz, while Dore was launched three years later and specialised in rock and R&B. (Dore’s A&R department was headed by Herb Albert and Lou Adler.) After breaking onto the charts in 1955 with Gogi Grant’s ‘Suddenly There’s A Valley’, Bedell and Newman would enjoy success with Jan & Dean, The Teddy Bears, and Billy Joe & The Checkmates. Bedell sold his share of the labels to Newman in 1959, and later worked with a number of soul artists including The Whispers. (Cancer). - Died July 6, 2000 at Los Angeles.

in 1920 - Bruno Maderna, composer [or Apr 21] is born.
in 1921 - Antony Hopkins, composer is born.
in 1921 - Arthur Grumiaux, Belgian violinist is born.
in 1923 - Mort Lindsey, Newark NJ, orch leader (Merv Griffin Show) is born.
in 1924 - Karl Heinz Fussl, composer is born.
in 1928 - Evelyn Ruth Anderson, composer is born.

in 1930 - Otis Spann, a much respected Chicago-based blues pianist and singer is born. Spann is celebrated as a member of Muddy Waters’ virtuoso band at Chess Records. Born in Jackson, Mississippi, Spann learned to play the organ in his stepfather’s church. Drawn to the regional blues scene, the teenage Spann began performing in gin joints. After stints in the boxing ring and the army, Spann relocated to Chicago in 1951 where he worked in bands behind Memphis Slim and Roosevelt Sykes. Forming his own group, Spann landed a residency at the Tick Tock nightclub. Working first as a session player behind Muddy Waters in 1952, he joined his band the following year. Appearing on most of Waters’ recordings until 1969, Spann can be first heard on ‘Blow Wind Blow’. Also touring with Waters, Spann proved his worth as a solo act with his strong vocal performance at Newport in 1960, the tracks captured on the album, Muddy Waters At Newport. With Chess choosing to limit Spann’s solo activities, Spann landed at Nat Hentoff’s jazz label, Candid Records; he backed Robert Jr. Lockwood and recorded his first solo album in 1960, Otis Spann Is The Blues. Spann was usually backed by Muddy Waters or members of his band. Recording at Blue Horizon, Spann teamed with members of Fleetwood Mac (including Peter Green) on the album, Biggest Thing Since Colossus; the project spawned his only hit single, ‘Hungry Country Girl’. (Cancer). - Died at Cook County Hospital in Chicago, April 25, 1970.

in 1932 - Joseph Silverstein, Detroit Mich, violinist (Denver Symphony Orch) is born.

in 1934 - Franz Schreker dies at age 55. Austrian composer, conductor, teacher and administrator. Primarily a composer of operas, his style is characterized by aesthetic plurality- a mixture of romanticism, naturalism, symbolism, impressionism, expressionism and neue sachlichkeit; timbral experimentation, strategies of extended tonality and conception of total music theatre into the narrative of 20th-century music. His fame and influence were at their peak during the early years of the Weimar Republic when he was the most performed living opera composer after Richard Strauss. The decline of his artistic fortunes began with the mixed reception given to Irrelohe under Otto Klemperer in 1924 and the failure of Der singende Teufel in Berlin, 1928 under Erich Kleiber. After decades in obscurity, he has begun to enjoy a considerable revival in reputation in the German-speaking world and in the United States. (died after suffering from a stroke)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AsWod4xmCgs&feature=related"]YouTube - Franz Schreker - Der Wind (1909)" target="_blank">YouTube - Franz Schreker - Der Wind (1909)[/ame]

in 1936 - Alexander Glazunov dies at age 70. Russian composer of the late Russian Romantic period, music teacher and conductor. He served as director of the Saint Petersburg Conservatory between 1905 and 1928 and was also instrumental in the reorganization of the institute into the Petrograd Conservatory, then the Leningrad Conservatory, following the Bolshevik Revolution. He continued heading the Conservatory until 1930, though he had left the Soviet Union in 1928 and did not return. The best known student under his tenure during the early Soviet years was Dmitri Shostakovich
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qdADMdFCtBw"]YouTube - Alexander Glazunov - Concert Waltz No 2 (Main Theme)" target="_blank">YouTube - Alexander Glazunov - Concert Waltz No 2 (Main Theme)[/ame]

in 1936 - Marek Stachowski, composer is born.
in 1939 - Evald Aav, composer, dies at 39.

in 1943 - Vivian Stanshall, leader of the British art-rock band, The Bonzo Dog (Doo-Dah) Band, Vivian Stanshall merged theatrics, comedy and rock’n’roll. Born in the Essex resort town of Southend, the rebellious Stanshall was kicked out of private school in his teens. During a stint in the Merchant Navy, he picked up his lifelong drinking habit. After enrolling in a London art school, he immersed himself in the Teddy Boy movement and on graduating, he decided to pursue music on a full-time basis.

Formed in London in 1965 as a Twenties-style revivalist outfit by fellow art students, Rodney Slater and Roger Ruskin Spear, The Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band was soon expanded with trumpeter/vocalist Stanshall and guitarist/keyboard player Neal Innes. Infusing rock music into their act, the costumed band performed musical sketches, combining old style theatrics and slapstick comedy.

After appearing in The Beatles’ television film Magical Mystery Tour, The Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band scored their first hit with the novelty-styled ‘I’m The Urban Spaceman’ (1968), produced by Paul McCartney (under the pseudonym Apollo C. Vermouth).

Shortening their moniker in late 1968 to The Bonzo Dog Band, the group landed on the British album charts with The Doughnut in Granny’s Greenhouse (highlighted by the track ‘Do Blue Men Sing The Whites?’), Tadpoles and Keynsham. The group found little success in the US, as American audiences were unable to relate to the band’s zany and particularly British sense of humour.

With The Bonzo Dog Band disbanding in early 1970, Stanshall shaved his head and formed a group called Big Grunt. He suffered a nervous breakdown in late 1970, and was institutionalised for seven weeks. A reformed Bonzo Dog Band released one further album, the aptly titled, Let’s Make Up And Be Friendly (1971). Remaining active in the Seventies, Stanshall worked as a comic and disc-jockey, and his distinguished accent was also in demand for voice-overs.

Stanshall and his friend Keith Moon became known as rock’s practical jokers and on one famous occasion they dressed as Nazi soldiers to visit several London bars. Stanshall was featured on Mike Oldfield’s Tubular Bells and wrote the lyrics to the song ‘Arc Of A Diver’ for Steve Winwood. He subsequently launched a pair of music/comedy troupes, Gerry Atric & The Aging Orchestra and Viv & His Gargantuan Chorus.

He also wrote and starred in the cult movie Sir Henry At Rawlinson’s End. After beating a tranquillizer addiction in the early Nineties, Stanshall worked as an actor in television commercials and stage musicals. He was working on a new album for his own label at the time of his death from a fire at his London apartment near Alexandra Palace. - Died March 5, 1995

in 1944 - Henrik Colding-Jorgensen, composer is born.
in 1944 - Jamary Oliveira, composer is born.
in 1945 - Vernon Guy, US gospel singer (Cool Sounds, Sharpees) is born.
in 1945 - Rosemary Stone, vocalist/pianist (Sly and Family Stone-Everyday People) is born.
in 1946 - Ray Dorset, rocker (Cold Blue Excursion) is born.
in 1948 - "Stop the Music" with Bert Parks premieres on ABC radio
in 1950 - Peter Banks, rocker (Genesis) is born.
in 1950 - Roger Hodgson, rock vocalist (Supertramp-It's Raining Again) is born.
in 1951 - Russell Thompkins Jr, US soul singer (Stylistics-Sing Baby Sing) is born.

in 1951 - Willem Mengelberg dies at age 79. Dutch conductor, in addition to his acclaimed recordings of Richard Strauss' Ein Heldenleben, Mengelberg left valuable discs of symphonies by Beethoven and Brahms, not to mention a wildly controversial but gripping reading of Bach's St Matthew Passion. His most characteristic performances are marked by a tremendous expressiveness and freedom of tempo, perhaps most remarkable in his recording of Mahler's Fourth Symphony but certainly present in the aforementioned St Matthew Passion and other performances as well. These qualities, shared (perhaps to a lesser extent) by only a handful of other conductors of the era of sound recording, such as Wilhelm Furtwängler and Leonard Bernstein, make much of his work unusually controversial among classical music listeners; recordings that more mainstream listeners consider unlistenable will be hailed by others as among the greatest recordings ever made
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KYB3-7Of58Q"]YouTube - Willem Mengelberg conducts Egmont Overture" target="_blank">YouTube - Willem Mengelberg conducts Egmont Overture[/ame]

in 1952 - Chris O'Connell, rocker is born.
in 1952 - Alan Freed presents Moondog Coronation Ball at old Cleveland Arena, 25,000 attend 1st rock & roll concert ever.
in 1953 - Robert Johnson, rocker is born.
in 1953 - Shotgun Johnson, rock drummer (KC and the Sunshine Boys-Give it Up) is born.
in 1954 - Harry Lawrence Freeman, composer, dies at 84.

in 1956 - Elvis Presley appeared at the 4,000 seated YMCA Gymnasium in Lexington, North Carolina. Also on the bill, Mother Maybelle and the Carter Sisters, featuring June Carter, Rod Brasfield, Hal and Ginger. Tickets cost $1 for general admission and $1.50 for reserved seats.

in 1961 - The Beatles played their first ever evening show at The Cavern Club in Liverpool, supporting The Swinging Bluegenes, (later to become The Swinging Blue Jeans).

in 1963 - Sharon June Howe Pederson, Glencoe Mn, rocker (Vixen-Rev It Up) is born.
in 1964 - Beatles' "She Loves You," single goes #1 and stays #1 for 2 weeks.

in 1965 - After 'I Want To Hold Your Hand' had held the No.1 position on the US singles chart for seven weeks, The Beatles started a two-week run at No.1 with 'She Loves You'.

in 1965 - The Who appeared at the Trade Union Hall, Watford, England.
in 1972 - The Grateful Dead played the first of seven nights at the Academy of Music in New York City, New York.

in 1973 - The BBC banned all teenybopper acts appearing on UK TV show, 'Top Of The Pops' after a riot following a David Cassidy performance.

in 1973 - Antoni Szalowski, composer, dies at 65.
in 1975 - Berend Giltay, composer, dies at 64.
in 1976 - Iggy Pop and David Bowie were involved in a drug bust at their hotel room in Rochester, New York.
in 1978 - Dire Straits played at The Marquee Club in London, England. Tickets priced at 70p.
in 1980 - Gideon Fagan, composer, dies at 75.

in 1980 - Hugh Cornwell of The Stranglers was sent to Pentonville Prison after losing his appeal against a drugs conviction.

in 1981 - REO Speedwagon went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Keep On Loving You', the group's first top 40 hit and first No.1, a No.7 hit in the UK.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iyROM4rz_eg"]YouTube - Reo Speedwagon-Keep on loving you-LIVE" target="_blank">YouTube - Reo Speedwagon-Keep on loving you-LIVE[/ame]

in 1981 - King Pleasure /Clarence Beeks dies at age 58. American jazz vocalist and an early master of vocalese, where a singer sings words to a famous instrumental solo. Born as in Oakdale, Tennessee, he moved to New York City in the mid-1940s where he first achieved popularity by singing the Eddie Jefferson vocalese classic "Moody's Mood for Love," based on a James Moody saxophone solo to "I'm in the Mood for Love". His recording in 1952 is considered a jazz classic. He cites Jefferson as an influence and predecessor. He and Betty Carter also recorded a famous vocalese version of "Red Top," a jazz classic penned by Kansas Citian Ben Kynard and recorded by Gene Ammons and others. He recorded King Pleasure 'Sings/Annie Ross Sings', 'Moody's Mood for Love' and 'Golden Days' King was cited as a significant influence by Van Morrison, especially on his album Astral Weeks.

in 1984 - Strawberry Fields, an area in Central Park bought by Yoko Ono in memory of her late husband was opened.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-7ICzQn_AHc"]YouTube - THE BEATLES - Strawberry Fields Forever" target="_blank">YouTube - THE BEATLES - Strawberry Fields Forever[/ame]

in 1985 - Salvador Ley, composer, dies at 78.
in 1985 - Bruce Springsteen kicked off the second leg of his Born in the USA world tour at the Sydney Entertainment Centre, Sydney, Australia.

in 1987 - Club Nouveau started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with their version of Bill Withers 'Lean On Me', a No.3 hit in the UK.

in 1987 - U2 scored their third UK No.1 album with 'The Joshua Tree', featuring the singles 'Where The Streets Have No Name', & 'I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For'. The album became the fastest selling in UK history and the first album to sell over a million CDs, spending a total of 156 weeks on the UK chart. Also a US No.1.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=co6WMzDOh1o"]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=co6WMzDOh1o" target="_blank">http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=co6WMzDOh1o[/ame]

in 1987 - Norman Harris, record company owner, producer, songwriter and prolific session musician, dies at New York. Guitarist Norman Harris was a fixture in the Philadelphia music scene. Harris broke into music in the late Fifties in a Philadelphia-based R&B duo featuring bassist Ron Baker. Adding drummer Earl Young, the production and session trio of Baker-Harris-Young were in much demand within the city’s thriving soul scene.

The trio eventually morphed into M.F.S.B., the large studio band at Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff’s label Philadelphia International Records. Recording at Philadelphia Sigma Sound Studios, M.F.S.B. backed hundreds of acts including Loleatta Holloway, Harold Melvin, The Delfonics, The Intruders, Archie Bell, The O’Jays and Barbara Mason.

Apart from their duties as session players, M.F.S.B. landed their own hits, including the chart-topping instrumental ‘TSOP’, which was the theme song of the syndicated music programme, Soul Train. In 1973, Harris signed the female trio First Choice to his Philly Groove label, scoring several R&B hits including, ‘Armed And Extremely Dangerous’, ‘The Player – Part 1’ and ‘Doctor Love’.

By 1976, Baker-Harris-Young established their own production and music-publishing company, Golden Fleece, and Harris launched another label, Gold Mind Records; Harris retained First Choice, and signed Bunny Sigler and Loleatta Holloway. As a recording artist, he released a disco album under the moniker, The Harris Machine. Meanwhile, M.F.S.B. disbanded after scoring a Top 10 UK hit with the title track of their album, Mysteries Of The World (1981). (Heart attack). Born February 10, 1958.

21 MARCH
page 2 OF 3
 

Pedro

Forum Staff
Mar 2008
17,256
On a mountain top in Costa Rica. yeah...I win!!
21 MARCH
page 3 of 3

in 1987 - Dean Paul Martin Jr dies at age 35. American singer, tennis player, actor, a military pilot, and son of the legendary Dean Martin; born in Santa Monica; at the age of thirteen he joined Desi Arnaz Jr. and Billy Hinsche in the pop group Dino, Desi, & Billy, which had a few minor nationwide hits between 1965 and 1968, landing in the Top 30 twice. After which in his late teens he began to go by his given name of Dean Paul instead of the nickname "Dino". He became a successful tennis player, competing in a junior competition at Wimbledon; and an actor. He co-starred with Ali MacGraw in the 1979 film Players, for which he was nominated for a Golden Globe Award as Best New Star of the Year-Male and later starred in the TV series Misfits of Science (He had obtained his pilot's license at age 16 and became an officer in the California Air National Guard in 1981. He died when his National Guard F-4 Phantom fighter jet crashed in California's San Bernardino Mountains during a snowstorm, killing him and his Weapons Systems Officer, Ramon Ortiz.)

in 1988 - 23rd Academy of Country Music Awards: Randy Travis and Hank Williams Jr.

in 1991 - Clarence Leonidas "Leo" Fender dies at age 81. Greek-American inventor who founded Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company, now known as Fender Musical Instruments Corporation, and later founded MusicMan and G&L Musical Products (G&L Guitars). His guitar, bass, and amplifier designs from the 1950s continue to dominate popular music more than half a century later. "The Strat" he asked his customers what new features they would want on the Telecaster. The large number of replies, along with the continued popularity of the Telecaster, caused him to leave the Telecaster as it was and to design a new, upscale solid body guitar to be sold alongside the basic Telecaster instead. Western swing guitarist Bill Carson was one of the chief critics of the Telecaster, stating that the new design should have individually adjustable bridge saddles, four or five pickups, a vibrato unit that could be used in either direction and return to proper tuning, and a contoured body for enhanced comfort over the slab-body Telecaster's harsh edges. Leo and draughtsman Freddie Tavares began designing the new guitar in late 1953, which would address most of Carson's ideas and would also include a rounder, less "club-like" neck and a double cutaway for easier reach to the upper registers. Released in 1954, the Stratocaster has been in continuous production ever since. The Electric Bass: Leo also conceived an instrument that would prove to be essential to the evolution of popular music with the Precision Bass (or "P-Bass"), released in 1951. Up until this time, bassists had been left to playing acoustically resonating double basses/upright basses. Unlike double basses, the Telecaster-based Precision Bass was small and portable, and its solid body construction and four magnet, single coil electronic pickup allowed it to be amplified at higher volumes without the feedback issues normally associated with acoustic instruments. Along with the Precision Bass, so named because its fretted neck allowed bassists to play with 'precision'. The P-Bass and its accompanying amplifier were the first widely-produced of their kind, and it was the first bass to be fretted like a guitar; arguably, it remains one of the most popular basses in music today. 1960 saw the release of the Jazz Bass, a sleeker, updated bass with a slimmer neck, and offset waist body and two single coil pickups, as opposed to the Precision Bass and its split-humbucking pickup that had been introduced in 1957. Like its predecessor, the Jazz Bass/"J-Bass" was an instant hit and has remained popular to this day, and early models are highly sought after by collectors (complications of Parkinson's disease)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SMrwy5bJ-mk"]YouTube - Leo Fender inventor of the Electric Bass Guitar" target="_blank">YouTube - Leo Fender inventor of the Electric Bass Guitar[/ame]

in 1992 - Former nude model Vanessa Williams started a five week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Save The Best To Last', a No.3 hit in the UK.

in 1992 - Natalie Allyn Sleeth dies at age 61. American composer, born in Evanston, Illinois. She began to study the piano at the early age of four. Later in her life, she received an Academic major in music and a BA in music theory at Wellesley College in Massachusetts. One of her best-known anthems for choir is entitled "Joy in the Morning" and was written for the West Virginia Wesleyan College concert chorale on the occasion of her husband's inauguration as the president of West Virginia Wesleyan College in 1977. Another favorite, sung widely in the United Church of Canada is "In the Bulb There is a Flower"

in 1994 - Bruce Springsteen won an Oscar for the song 'Streets of Philadelphia.'

in 1996 - Guitarist with The Stone Roses John Squire quit the band. He broke the news to the other three members over the phone.

in 1997 - Snoop Doggy Dog was sentenced to three years probation and fined $1,000 (£588) for a firearms violation after a handgun was found in his car when he was stopped for a traffic violation.

in 1998 - Run-DMC VS Jason Nevins started a six week run at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'It's Like That.' The Run-DMC track was from 1983 and was remixed by Jason Nevins, a US DJ and producer.

in 1998 - Angel South (born Lucien Grondon) dies. A Texas-based blues-rock guitarist, Angel South played behind B.J. Thomas in the late Sixties before joining Grammy-winning, jazz-rock band Chase in the early Seventies. Following the deaths in a plane crash of the group’s leader Bill Chase and five other members, South pursued a solo career. A native of Beaumont, South spent his early years working with Janis Joplin and brothers Johnny and Edgar Winter. (Prostate cancer) Born February 1, 1943.

in 1999 - Irish girl group B*Witched scored their fourth consecutive UK No.1 single with 'Blame It On The Weatherman.' The girls set a new chart record with their first four singles all entering the chart at No.1.

in 1999 - Blur went to No.1 on the UK album chart with '13', the bands fourth consecutive No.1 and making them only the third act to have four No.1's in the 90's, Simply Red and REM being the other two.

in 2000 - Kurt Cobain and Happy Monday’s singer Shaun Ryder both beat older stars such as Keith Richards and Keith Moon in a league of rock 'n' roll excess compiled by UK music weekly Melody Maker. Liam Gallagher, Robbie Williams, Courtney Love and Marilyn Manson all featured in the Top 10.

in 2001 - Eminem was ordered to pay $476,000 (£280,000) as part of his divorce agreement with his ex-wife Kim. Also as part of the agreement Eminem would keep the “US mansion” and they would share custody of their five-year-old daughter, Hailie Jade.

in 2001 - Michael Jackson's interior decorator told The Times newspaper that the singer kept 17 life size dolls, adult and child sizes, all fully dressed in his bedroom for 'company.'

in 2001 - Toploader kicked off a 17 date sold out UK tour at the Brighton Event. 2004, George Michael scored his fifth UK No.1 album with ‘Patience.’

in 2002 - John "Speedy" Keen dies at age 57. UK vocalist, songwriter, drummer for Thunderclap Newman, a band The Who's guitarist Pete Townshend created in 1969, to play and record songs written by 'Speedy' who had been The Who's roadie and chauffeur for Peter. Originally Peter Townsend played bass for the band under the pseudonym Bijou Drains. Speedy wrote The Who's "Armenia City in the Sky", the only song The Who ever performed that was specifically written for the group by a non-member. Speedy's mega hit song "Something In The Air" appeared on the soundtracks of the films The Magic Christian (1969),The Strawberry Statement (1970) Kingpin (1996), Almost Famous (2000), The Dish (2000) and The Girl Next Door (2004). Speedy went on to be record producer for The Heartbreakers and Motörhead.(heart failure)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0DtKqCv-rEQ"]YouTube - Speedy Keen - I Promise You.wmv" target="_blank">YouTube - Speedy Keen - I Promise You.wmv[/ame]

in 2004 - Usher feat L’ll Jon started a two week run at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Yeah.' Also a US No.1. Released as the lead single from Usher's fourth studio album, Confessions.

in 2004 - Johnny Bristol dies at age 65. US singer, songwriter and record producer for the Motown label, later signing with MGM. He started out recording locally, with the Detroit label Anna in 1959, owned by Gwen Gordy and Billy Davis and also for Gwen Gordy and Harvey Fuqua's Tri-Phi label. The 2 labels were absorbed by Berry Gordy's Motow, here Johnny had many hits both as a producer and songwriter including Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell's "Ain't No Mountain High Enough", "Your Precious Love", Edwin Starr's "Twenty-Five Miles", Gladys Knight & the Pips' "I Don't Want To Do Wrong" and David Ruffin's "My Whole World Ended (The Moment You Left Me)". After leaving Motown in 1973 he joined CBS as a producer, before signing a recording contract with MGM. Later he had much success in Europe especially with the release of "Man Up in the Sky", and a cover of the his penned "What Does it Take to Win Your Love", originally a hit for Jr. Walker & the All Stars. Johnny 's last releases were a 12" single in 1991 for Whichway Records, "Come to Me", and an album Life & Love released for the Japanese market in 1993.

in 2005 - Robert Waltrip "Bobby" Short dies at age 80. American cabaret singer and pianist known for his interpretation of songs by 20th century composers such as Rodgers and Hart, Cole Porter, Jerome Kern, Harold Arlen, Vernon Duke and George Gershwin and Ira Gershwin. He also championed African-American composers of the same period such as Eubie Blake, James P. Johnson, Andy Razaf, Fats Waller and Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. In 1972 he sung the theme song in James Ivory's film "Savages" and in 1986 he appeared in the Woody Allen film Hannah and Her Sisters", then Woody Allen used his recording "I Happen To Like New York" for opening title of '''Manhattan Murder Mystery'' in 1993. (leukemia)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gMLjkIbDid8"]YouTube - Bobby Short - Miss Otis Regrets" target="_blank">YouTube - Bobby Short - Miss Otis Regrets[/ame]

in 2006 - Three South African women whose father, Solomon Linda, wrote ‘The Lion Sleeps Tonight’ in 1939, won a six-year court battle that gave them 25 per cent of all past and future royalties from the song. Linda who was a cleaner at a Johannesburg record company when he wrote the song, received virtually nothing for his work and died in 1962 with $25 in his bank account. The song had been recorded by Pete Seeger (as ‘Wimoweh’), The Kingston Trio, The Tokens, Karl Denver and R.E.M. and was featured in the Disney film The Lion King. It was estimated that the song had earned $15 million for its use in The Lion King alone.

in 2008 - A five-year legal row over the use of the Beach Boys' name was settled by two former members of the group. Mike Love had argued he was the only person allowed to perform under the name of the band and sued Al Jardine, whom he claimed was appearing as an unlicensed Beach Boys act. Mr Jardine's lawyer said "a friendly settlement" had been reached that allowed them to focus on the talent and future of this American iconic band.”

in 2009 - U2 went to No.1 on the US album chart with ‘No Line on the Horizon’, the bands twelfth studio album.

in 2008 - Shusha 'Shamsi' Guppy dies at age 72. Persian writer, editor and a singer of Persian and Western folk-songs. At the age of 17 she studied Oriental languages and philosophy in Paris and also trained as an opera singer. In Paris she encountered artists, writers and poets such as Louis Aragon, Jose Bergamin, Jean Paul Sartre and Albert Camus and encouraged by Jacques Prévert to record albums of Persian folk songs, and subsequently chansons and old French songs. Her first British release, in 1971, was an album of traditional Persian music, previously released in France. In 1976 Shamsi relocated to London, and was very influenced by the Folk Revival, she wrote and sung some of her own songs, as well as covering the works of many contemporary singer/song-writers. She recorded 9 albums and gave successful concerts in Britain, America and Europe
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cxP2XQuWrTY"]YouTube - Shusha - I Have Come To Ravish My Betrothed (1971)" target="_blank">YouTube - Shusha - I Have Come To Ravish My Betrothed (1971)[/ame]

in 2008 - John Fowler dies at age 42. American drummer; he was a member of the band Rage of Angels, before becoming a founding member of Steelheart playing on the bands first two albums ''Steelheart'' & ''Tangled In Reins''. He left the band to play with ''Voodoo Jets'' and ''Smoke and Hipnotic'' with whom he was playing with when he fell into a fatel coma (brain aneurysm)

in 2008 - Klaus Dinger dies at age 61. German drummer, multi-musician and songwriter born in Scherfede, brought up in Düsseldorf. Influenced by UK rock acts such as The Kinks and The Rolling Stones, in 1966 he formed a band The No, with friends Norbert Körfer, Lutz Bellman and Jo Maassen. In 1969 The No split up and he joined cover band The Smash and began touring southern Germany. In 1970 he joined Kraftwerk as their drummer. After which he began the recording sessions with the band which would become Neu!. He made 3 albums with Neu!. Klaus's most famous, successful, and acclaimed post-Neu! act would be La Düsseldorf. They released a string of successful albums, with sales totaling over a million, in the late 70's and early 80's: La Düsseldorf, Viva, and Individuellos. Klaus then released two solo albums "Neondian" and "Blue". In the 90s he launched the band La! Neu?, releasing 7 albums on Captain Trip Records (died from heart failure 3 days before his birthday)

in 2010 - Wolfgang Wagner dies at age 90. German opera director. He is best known as the Festspielleiter/director of the Bayreuth Festival, a position he initially assumed alongside his brother Wieland in 1951 until the latter's death in 1966. From then on, he assumed total control until he retired in 2008, although many of the productions which he commissioned were severely criticized in their day. He had been plagued by family conflicts and criticism for many years. He was the son of Siegfried Wagner, the grandson of Richard Wagner, and the great-grandson of Franz Liszt.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rib_Ye0w-eQ"]YouTube - Wolfgang Wagner's Ring production 1974" target="_blank">YouTube - Wolfgang Wagner's Ring production 1974[/ame]

in 2011 - Pinetop Perkins/Joseph William Perkins dies at age 97. American blues musician born in Belzoni, Mississippi, he began his career as a guitarist, but then injured the tendons in his left arm and switched to the piano, and also switched from Robert Nighthawk's KFFA radio program to Sonny Boy Williamson's King Biscuit Time. In the 1950s, he joined Earl Hooker and began touring, before relocating to Illinois and left music until Hooker convinced him to record again in 1968. In 1969 he joined the Muddy Waters band for 10 years, leaving to form The Legendary Blues Band with Willie "Big Eyes" Smith, recording through the late 1970s, 1980s and early 1990s. Pinetop played a brief musical cameo on the street outside Aretha's Soul Food Cafe in the 1980 movie The Blues Brothers, having an argument with John Lee Hooker over who wrote "Boom Boom". He also appeared in the 1987 movie Angel Heart as a member of guitarist Toots Sweet's band. In 2008, he received a Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album for Last of the Great Mississippi Delta Bluesmen: Live In Dallas together with David Honeyboy Edwards, Henry James Townsend, and Robert Lockwood, Jr. He was also nominated in the same category for his solo album, Pinetop Perkins on the 88's: Live in Chicago. Then at aged 97, he won a Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album for Joined at the Hip, an album he recorded with Willie "Big Eyes" Smith. At the time of his death, Pinetop had more than 20 performances booked for 2011.

in 2011 - Loleatta Holloway dies at age 64. American soul and disco singer, mainly known for disco songs such as "Hit and Run" and "Love Sensation", both of which have been sampled extensively. In the 1974 her first single from the second album, the ballad "Cry to Me" rose to No.10 Billboard R&B and No.68 on the Hot 100, and "Only You" reached No.11 in 1978. She continued to enjoy success in the 1980s, with "Love Sensation" No.1 US Dance, and No.5 on the UK charts in 1980. Her vocals were used on "Ride on Time" by Black Box, No.1 on the UK charts and Britain's best selling single of 1989, but her contribution went uncredited and she later successfully sued the band. Another number one single came when Mark Wahlberg's group, Marky Mark and the Funky Bunch, featured her voice on 1991's "Good Vibrations" (heart failure, after a brief illness)

in 2011 - Kjeld Tolstrup dies at age 45. Danish radio disc jockey; he became one of the biggest names in Danish DJ circle in the 1980s performing at Ministry of Sound in London, Sensation event in Copenhagen, and a big number of clubs. He also remixed for many artists including C.V. Jørgensen, Love Shop, Cut 'N' Move and Infernal (died after a long illness and suffering a congenital heart defect).

in 2013 - Pink Floyd's 'The Dark Side of the Moon' was set to seal its place in history at the US Library of Congress as part of its National Recording Registry.The recording that received the highest number of public nominations for this year's registry was Dark Side, Floyd's groundbreaking 1973 album.

21 MARCH
page 3 of 3
 

Pedro

Forum Staff
Mar 2008
17,256
On a mountain top in Costa Rica. yeah...I win!!
22 MARCH
page 1 of 3

in 1700 - Giuseppe Sellitto, composer is born.
in 1728 - Giacomo Insanguine, composer is born.
in 1743 - Jean-Baptiste Lully, Ital/Fr composer (Forced Marriage), dies at 77.
in 1752 - Johann Georg Joseph Spangler, composer is born.
in 1796 - Gaspare Gabellone, composer, dies at 68.
in 1798 - Justin Morgan, composer, dies at 51.
in 1824 - Johann Melchior Dreyer, composer, dies at 76.
in 1842 - Carl A N Rosa, German violinist/composer is born.
in 1842 - Mykola Vytal'yevich Lysenko, composer is born.
in 1845 - Franz Joseph Volkert, composer, dies at 67.
in 1865 - Theophile Ysaye, composer is born.
in 1867 - Ferdinando Giorgetti, composer, dies at 70.
in 1868 - Hamish MacCunn, composer is born.
in 1885 - Jakabs Medins, composer is born.
in 1885 - Adriano Lualdi, composer is born.
in 1905 - Carlo Alberto Pizzini, composer is born.
in 1906 - Martin Wegelius, Finnish musicologist/composer, dies at 59.
in 1909 - Gyula Erkel, composer, dies at 66.
in 1913 - Martha M”dl, German singer/soprano (Wagner) is born.
in 1916 - George Wyle, NYC, orch leader (Jerry Lewis Show, Flip Wilson Show) is born.
in 1918 - Tauno Kullerve Pylkkanen, composer is born.
in 1920 - Fanny Waterman, concert pianist and teacher is born.

in 1927 - Mstislav (Leopoldovich) Rostropovich, famous Russian cellist and conductor, son of Leopold Rostropovich, is born [3/12 OS] at Baku. A precocious child, he began cello studies with his father at an early age; also had piano lessons from his mother. In 1931 the family moved to Moscow, where he made his debut when he was 8; continued his training at the Central Music School (1939-41); then studied cello with Kozolupov and composition with Shebalin and Shostakovich at the Moscow Conservatory (1943-48); subsequently studied privately with Prokofiev.

He won the International Competition for Cellists in Prague in 1950, and the next year made his first appearance in the West in Florence. A phenomenally successful career ensued. He made his U.S. debut at N.Y.'s Carnegie Hall in 1956, winning extraordinary critical acclaim. He became a teacher (1953) and a professor (1956) at the Moscow Conservatory, and also a professor at the Leningrad Conservatory. (1961).

A talented pianist, he frequently appeared as accompanist to his wife, Galina Vishnevskaya, whom he married in 1955. In 1961 he made his first appearance as a conductor. As his fame increased, he received various honors, including the Lenin Prize in 1963 and the Gold Medal of the Royal Philharmonic Society of London in 1970. In spite of his eminence and official honors, however, he encountered difficulties with the Soviet authorities, owing chiefly to his spirit of uncompromising independence.

He let the dissident author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn stay at his dacha near Moscow, protesting the Soviet government's treatment of the Nobel prize winner for literature in a letter to Pravda in 1969. Although the letter went unpublished in his homeland, it was widely disseminated in the West. As a result, Rostropovich found himself increasingly hampered in his career by the Soviet Ministry of Culture. His concerts were canceled without explanation, as were his wife's engagements at the Bolshoi Theater. Foreign tours were forbidden, as were appearances on radio, television, and recordings. In 1974 he and his wife obtained permission to go abroad, and were accompanied by their 2 daughters.

He made a brilliant debut as a guest conductor with the National Symphony Orchestra in Washington, D.C. (March 5,1975); his success led to his appointment as its music director in 1977. Free from the bureaucratic annoyances of the U.S.S.R., he and his wife publicized stories of their previous difficulties at home in Russia. Annoyed by such independent activities, the Moscow authorities finally stripped them both of their Soviet citizenship as "ideological renegades/' The Soviet establishment even went so far as to remove the dedication to Rostropovich of Shostakovich's 2nd Cello Concerto.

The whole disgraceful episode ended when the Soviet government, chastened by perestroika, restored Rostropovich's citizenship in January 1990, and invited him to take the National Symphony Orchestra to the U.S.S.R. Besides conducting the American orchestra there, Rostropovich appeared as soloist in Dvorak's Cello Concerto.

His return to Russia was welcomed by the populace as a vindication of his principles of liberty.

A symbolic linguistic note: the difficult-to-pronounce first name of Rostropovich, which means "avenged glory," is usually rendered by his friends and admirers as simply Slava, that is, "glory." In 1993 he took the National Symphony Orchestra on another visit to Russia and on Sept. 26 conducted it in a special concert in Moscow's Red Square in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the death of Tchaikovsky.

In 1994 he stepped down as the orchestra's music director and was named life-time conductor laureate. Rostropovich is duly recognized as one of the greatest cellists of the century, a master interpreter of both the standard and the contemporary literature. To enhance the repertoire for his instrument, he commissioned and premiered numerous scores, including works by Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Britten, Piston, and Foss.

As a conductor, he proved himself an impassioned and authoritative interpreter of the music of the Russian national and Soviet schools of composition. He organized the 1st Rostropovich International Cello Competition in Paris in 1981 and the Rostropovich Festival in Snape, England, in 1983. He was made an Officer of the French Legion d'honneur in 1982, and received an honorary knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II of England in 1987. In 1993 he was awarded the Japanese Praemium Imperiale. He received the Polar Music Prize of Sweden in 1995.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LU_QR_FTt3E"]YouTube - Rostropovich plays the Prelude from Bach's Cello Suite No. 1" target="_blank">YouTube - Rostropovich plays the Prelude from Bach's Cello Suite No. 1[/ame]


in 1929 - Anton Beer-Walbrun, composer, dies at 64.
in 1936 - Roger Whittaker, Nairobi Kenya, country singer (Durham Town) is born.
in 1937 - Jon Hassell, composer is born.
in 1938 - Glen Campbell, singer (By the Time I get to Phoenix, Galveston) is born.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4qoymGCDYzU"]YouTube - Glen Campbell - Wichita Lineman" target="_blank">YouTube - Glen Campbell - Wichita Lineman[/ame]


in 1942 - Jon Arthur English, composer is born.
in 1943 - George Benson, Pittsburgh, singer/guitarist (Greatest Love of All) is born.
in 1943 - Joseph Schwantner, composer is born.
in 1943 - Keith Reif, England, rocker (Yardbirds-For Your Love, Renaissance) is born.
in 1944 - Jeremy Clyde, rocker is born.
in 1944 - T S "Tony" McPhee, rocker (Sad Go Round) is born.
in 1945 - Jeremy Clyde, England, rocker (Chad and Jeremy-Yesterday's Gone) is born.
in 1946 - Serge, [Ruud Schaap], Dutch singer/guitarist (Saskia and Serge) is born.
in 1947 - Harry Vanda, [Vandenberg], Hague Neth, rock guitarist (Easybeats) is born.


in 1948 - Sir Andrew Lloyd Webber, tremendously successful English composer, brother of Julian Lloyd Webber, is born at London. His father, William Southcombe Lloyd Webber, was the director of the London College of Music and his mother was a piano teacher. Inspired and conditioned by such an environment, Lloyd Webber learned to play piano, violin, and horn, and soon began to improvise music, mostly in the style of American musicals.

He attended Westminster School in London, then went to Magdalen College, Oxford, the Guildhall School of Music in London, and the Royal College of Music in London. In college he wrote his first musical, The Likes of Us, dealing with a philanthropist. In 1967, at the age of 19, he composed the theatrical show Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, which was performed at St. Paul's Junior School in London in 1968; it was later expanded to a full-scale production (Edinburgh, Aug. 21, 1972), and achieved considerable success for its amalgam of a biblical subject with rock music, French chansonnettes, and country-western songs. In 1970 it was produced in America and in 1972 was shown on television. He achieved his first commercial success with Jesus Christ Superstar, an audacious treatment of the religious theme in terms of jazz and rock.

It was premiered in London on Aug. 9, 1972, and ran for 3,357 performances; it was as successful in America. Interestingly enough, the "rock opera," as it was called, was first released as a record album, which eventually sold 3 million copies. Jesus Christ Superstar opened on Broadway on Oct. 12, 1971, even before the London production. There were protests by religious groups against the irreverent treatment of a sacred subject; particularly offensive was the suggestion in the play of a carnal relationship between Jesus and Mary Magdalen; Jewish organizations, on the other hand, protested against the implied portrayal of the Jews as guilty of the death of Christ. The musical closed on Broadway on June 30, 1973, after 720 performances; it received 7 Tony awards.

In 1981 the recording of Jesus Christ Superstar was given the Grammy Award for best cast show album of the year. The great hullabaloo about the musical made a certainty of his further successes. His early musical Joseph and the Amazing Technicolo Dreamcoat was revived at the Off-Broadway Entermedi Theatre in N.Y.'s East Village on Nov. 18,1981, and from there moved to the Royale Theater on Broadway. In the meantime, he produced a musical with a totally different chief character, Evita, a semi-fictional account of the career of the first wife of Argentine dictator Juan Peron; it was first staged in London on June 21, 1978; a N.Y. performance soon followed, with splendid success.

It was followed by the spectacularly successful Cats, inspired by T.S. Eliot's Old Possum's Book of Practical Cat it was premiered in London on May 11, 1981, and was brought out in N.Y. in Oct. 1982 with fantastic success; Evita and Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat were still playing on Broadway, so that Lloyd Webber had the satisfaction of having 3 of his shows running at the same time. Subsequent successful productions were his Song and Dance (London, March 26, 1981) and Starlight Express (London, March 19,1984). His series of commercial successes reached a lucrative apex with the production of The Phantom of the Opera (London, Oct. 1986), a gothically oriented melodramatic tale of contrived suspense. On April 17,1989, his musical Aspects o Love opened in London. His musical setting of the 1950 Billy Wilder film Sunset Boulevard was first staged in London on July 12, 1993. Apart from popular shows, Lloyd Webber wrote a mini- opera, Tell Me on a Sunday about an English girl living in N.Y, which was produced by BBC Television in 1980. Quite different in style and intent were his Variations for Cello and Jazz Ensemble (1978), written for his brother, and his Requiem Mass (N.Y, Feb. 24, 1985). He was knighted in 1992.

in 1948 - Randy Hobbs, rocker (Johnny Winter Band, McCoys) is born.
in 1949 - Fran Sheehan, Boston Mass, rock bassist (Boston-More than a Feeling) is born.
in 1951 - Howard Reitzes, Southgate Ca, rocker (Iron Butterfly) is born.

in 1952 - Uncle Dave Macon dies at age 81. American banjo player, singer, songwriter, and comedian. Known for his plug hat, gold teeth, chin whiskers, and gates-ajar collar, he gained regional fame as a vaudeville performer in the early 1920s before going on to become the first star of the Grand Ole Opry in the latter half of the decade. Born in Smartt Station, Tennessee and sometimes known as The Dixie Dewdrop, his big break came in 1923, during a performance for the shriners in Nashville, he was spotted by Marcus Loew of Loews Theatres who offered him fifteen dollars if he was to perform at a theatre in Alabama. This led to many offers from other theatres in the Loew's Vaudeville circuit. In 1923 he began a tour in the south-eastern States together with fiddler Sid Harkreader and five other acts and recorded 18 tracks with Sid, before joining up with guitarist Sam McGee who was to become Macon's regular recording and performance partner, and between 1924 and 1938 he recorded over 170 songs. On November 6th 1925, they performed at the Ryman Auditorium, the future home of the Grand Ole Opry, for the benefit of the Nashville police force. The successful show took place only three weeks before WSM Grand Ole Opry was founded. Between 1930 and 1952, he was often accompanied by his son Dorris who played the guitar. In 1940 Dave, together with Opry founder George D. Hay, rising Opry star Roy Acuff, and Dorris Macon, received an invitation from Hollywood to take part in the Republic Pictures movie Grand Ole Opry. He continued to perform until March 1st 1952, 3 weeks before his death and he was inducted posthumously into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1966 (Dave sadly died at Rutherford County Hospital, his funeral was attended by more than 5000 people and his pallbearers were George D. Hay, Kirk McGee, Roy Acuff, and Bill Monroe).
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7tFetm5mTQA"]YouTube - Uncle Dave Macon & his son Dorris" target="_blank">YouTube - Uncle Dave Macon & his son Dorris[/ame]


in 1956 - While driving to New York for appearances on 'The Perry Como Show', and 'The Ed Sullivan Show', the car that Carl Perkins was traveling in was involved in an accident putting Perkins in hospital for several months. The singer received four broken ribs and a broken shoulder, his brother Jay was killed in the accident.

in 1958 - Pete Wylie, Liverpool, rocker (Sinful) is born.
in 1960 - Laurie Sargent, rock vocalist (Face To Face) is born.

in 1962 - The Beatles and The New York Twisters appeared at The Cavern Club, Liverpool, England.

in 1963 - Suzanne Sulley, Sheffield S Yorks, rocker (Human Leauge-Human) is born.
in 1963 - Beatles release 1st album, "Please Please Me".

in 1967 - The Jimi Hendrix Experience appeared at The Guildhall in Southampton, England.

in 1971 - US police arrested all the members from The Allman Brothers Band for heroin and marijuana possession.

in 1973 - Traffic supported by Spooky Tooth appeared at The Hard Rock, Manchester, England.

in 1975 - Ronnie Lane's Slim Chance plus Bees Make Honey appeared at Friars, Aylesbury, England.

in 1975 - Frankie Valli went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'My Eyes Adored You', his first solo No.1.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PzpWKAGvGdA"]YouTube - Frankie Valli - Can't take my eyes off you" target="_blank">YouTube - Frankie Valli - Can't take my eyes off you[/ame]


in 1975 - Led Zeppelin started a six week run at No.1 on the US album chart with 'Physical Graffiti', the group's fourth US No.1 album.

in 1975 - The tartan teen sensations Bay City Rollers were at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Bye Bye Baby', the group's first of two UK No.1's.

in 1975 - Tom Jones started a four-week run at No.1 on the UK album chart with his '20 Greatest Hits' collection.

in 1975 - "Dinge-competed" wins Eurovisie Song festival
in 1975 - Teach-In wins Eurovision Song Festival with "Dinge-Dong".

in 1978 - The Police signed to A&M Records. The band scored over 15 UK Top 40 hits with the label including the worldwide No.1 'Every Breath You Take.'

in 1978 - The Rutles' ’All You Need Is Cash’, an affectionate spoof of the Beatles' career, was broadcast for the first time in the US.

in 1980 - Johnny Mathis went to No.1 on the UK album chart with 'Tears And Laughter.'

in 1980 - Pink Floyd's 'Another Brick In The Wall', started a four week run at No.1 on the US singles chart. Also No.1 in the UK.

in 1980 - The Jam had their first UK No.1 with their tenth release, 'Going Underground / Dreams Of Children' the first single of the 80s to debut at No.1.

in 1984 - Queen filmed the video for ‘I Want To Break Free’ at Limehouse Studio in London, England. Directed by David Mallet, it was a parody of the northern British soap opera Coronation Street with the band members dressed in drag. Guitarist Brian May later said the video ruined the band in America, and was initially banned by MTV in the US.

in 1985 - The first night of a sold out UK tour by Paul Young at The Pavilion, Shepton Mallet.

in 1985 – Reverend Marvin J. Yancy, an R&B songwriter and record producer, pastor of a Chicago church, dies at his home in Chicago. Teaming in 1971 with Chuck Jackson (the younger brother of Jesse Jackson, and not the more famous soul singer of the same name), Yancy had intended to form a writing and production team but after a year of collaborative work, Yancy and Jackson formed the popular soul group, The Independents. Preferring a behind the scenes role, Yancy quit the group. With Yancy and Jackson teaming on production and songwriting, The Independents enjoyed a hit run in the early Seventies with: ‘Just As Long As You Need Me, Part 1’ (1972), the million-selling ‘Leaving Me’ (1973), ‘It’s All Over’ (1973), and ‘Let This Be A Lesson To You’ (1974). Beginning in 1975, Yancy and Jackson began collaborating with Yancy’s future wife, Natalie Cole, producing all of her material until 1982. Yancy won Grammys for producing Cole’s hits, ‘This Will Be’, ‘Inseparable’, and ‘Sophisticated Lady’. (Yancy and Cole divorced in 1979.) Yancy also worked with gospel acts and was nominated for a Grammy for an album by his church’s choir. Trained at the Moody Bible Institute and the Chicago Bible Institute, Yancy succeeded his father in 1977 as the pastor of the Fountain of Life Baptist Church. (heart attack) - Born May 31, 1950.

in 1986 - Heart went to No.1 on the US singles chart with 'These Dreams', it made No.8 in the UK in 1988.

in 1986 - Mark Dinning, a one-hit wonder, dies at Jefferson City, Missouri. Oklahoma-born Dinning was raised in a musical family, the youngest brother of the popular Forties sibling trio, The Dinning Sisters. Dinning grew up on a farm near Nashville, his father a salesman and an evangelical singer. Picking up the guitar at age 13, Mark Dinning soon joined his older brother Ace for a number of nightclub performances. His career aided by his famous sisters and producer Mitch Miller, Dinning signed with MGM Records. Dinning’s sister Jean, an employee of Capitol Records, gave him a song which she had written called ‘Teen Angel’. Backed on the session by The Jordanaires and Dinning’s sister Delois, ‘Teen Angel’ was a smash hit in 1960 selling three million copies. Banned in England, the morbid song was about a girl who was killed by a train while retrieving her boyfriend’s ring. One of the first examples of the death-rock sub-genre, ‘Teen Angel’ spawned dozens of similar songs. Dinning followed up with a few minor hits, ‘A Star Is Born (A Love Has Died)’ (1960), ‘The Lovin’ Touch’ (1960), and the novelty song, ‘Top Forty, News, Weather And Sports’ (1961). In 1963, Johnny Mathis scored a Top 10 hit with a cover of Dinning’s ‘What Will Mary Say’. Dinning returned to the stage in the early Seventies with the help of his brother Ace. He suffered a heart attack while driving home from a club appearance at the Red Bird Inn in Jefferson City, Missouri. - Born August 17, 1933.

22 MARCH
page 1 of 3

 

Pedro

Forum Staff
Mar 2008
17,256
On a mountain top in Costa Rica. yeah...I win!!
22 MARCH
page 2 of 3

in 1991 - Dave Guard dies at age 56.
Donald David "Dave" Guard (born October 19, 1934, San Francisco, California - died March 22, 1991) was an American folk singer, songwriter, arranger and recording artist. Along with Nick Reynolds and Bob Shane, he was one of the founding members of The Kingston Trio.

Guard was educated in Honolulu, Hawaii, at Punahou School in what was then the pre-statehood U.S. Territory of Hawaii. Upon completion of his final year of high school in 1952 at Menlo School, a private prep school in Menlo Park, California, he matriculated at nearby Stanford University, graduating in 1957 with a degree in economics.

While an undergraduate at Stanford, Guard started a pickup group with Nick Reynolds and Bob Shane. Guard called his group Dave Guard and the Calypsonians, with a Weavers-style signature sound that was principally two guitars, a banjo, and rollicking vocals. Guard kept the group together after Reynolds and Shane left, changing the name of the Calypsonians to The Kingston Quartet. Then in 1957, when Reynolds and Shane agreed to team up with Guard again, the group changed its name to The Kingston Trio. Under contract with Capitol Records, the Trio became a huge commercial and influential success.

Guard spent his early years first in San Francisco, and then his junior high school and high school years in Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii. Guard grew up hearing the soft vocal melodies and strummed guitars of Hawaiian music. He was particularly attracted to the unique rhythmic sounds of finger-picked slack-key ukulele and guitar music masterfully performed by the many of his neighbors and beach boys.

Guard attended Punahou School, a private school established in 1849 by Hawaii's New England missionary families during junior high school and high school. Hawaiian culture and music played an important part in his school's educational program. Along with all his other classmates Guard early on learned to play Hawaii's ubiquitous ukulele in a 7th grade junior high school music class required of all students. It was in that class that Punahou's young 7th graders like Guard and his future Kingston Trio partner-to-be Shane learned the basics of playing the ukulele. The "ukulele" class made an impact on Shane, who during the next four years progressed steadily from the 4-string ukulele to the less toy-like and more professional appearing baritone uke, on to the tenor guitar, and finally to the 6-string acoustic guitar. According to Guard, his own first serious exposure to stringed instruments came from Shane, who taught him the rudiments of playing the six-string guitar.

Guard participated in sports, and was a member of Punahou's ROTC battalion. In his junior year he participated in musical skits along with a number of other classmates who, like himself, had by that time also had become accomplished musicians. Guard left Punahou at the end of his junior year, completing his final year of high school at the Menlo School, a private prep school that helped him prepare for acceptance and matriculation at nearby Stanford University. At Stanford Guard was a member of the Beta Chi chapter of Sigma Nu fraternity.
Professional life and accomplishments (1955 - 1961)

When Shane left the Calypsonians and returned to Hawaii to work in his family's business, Guard added two additional members, bassist Joe Gannon and vocalist Barbara Bogue, making the Calypsonians a quartet. Later, when Reynolds also left the Calypsonians, Guard replaced him with Don MacArthur to keep the quartet format intact, but by that time the national interest in calypso rhythms was waning, while Guard's musical growth was reaching out from calypso as well. Still appreciating Caribbean rhythms and vocals, but given his more eclectic folk music interests, Guard changed the name of the four Calypsonians to The Kingston Quartet.

In 1956 a publicist in the area, Frank Werber, offered his services to Guard and his bandmates, including Reynolds at the time. Werber's offer, however, was contingent upon replacing Gannon and Bogue, and shortly thereafter, both left the group. Guard and Reynolds contacted former Calypsonian member Shane (who was performing part time in Honolulu) asking him to join the reconstituted group. In 1957, back again as a trio as in their previous college days, they changed its name to The Kingston Trio.

With material gathered from a variety of sources, under Guard's musical arrangements and direction, the Kingston Trio quickly became a success. Guard, Shane and Reynolds worked well together. In addition to developing the characteristic "Kingston Trio sound" of the group's two guitars and a banjo, success came to the group from Guard's musical arrangements and renditions of folk and Irish ballads, Shane's talent for style and performance along with an innate knowledge of what pleased audiences, and Reynolds' management of the group's logistics.

The Kingston Trio with Guard recorded for Capitol Records; subsequent iterations of the group managed first by Werber and Shane and later by Shane alone recorded for Decca Records, Folk Era, Silverwolf, Pair, Collector's Choice Music, CEMA, and MCA, and had many hit songs in its initial ten-year run. The Kingston Trio's many songs include "Tom Dooley," "A Worried Man," "Hard Travelin'," "Tijuana Jail," "Greenback Dollar," "Reverend Mr. Black," "Sloop John B.," "Scotch And Soda," "Merry Minuet," "Hard, Ain't It Hard," "Zombie Jamboree", "M.T.A.", "Three Jolly Coachmen," and "Raspberries, Strawberries."

Guard was aware that among the Kingston Trio, he was the only one who could read music and who had some understanding of music theory; his partners basically played by rote, and the three of them sang in simple three-part harmony. With help from the Trio's bassist and musicologist David "Buck" Wheat, Guard embarked on a self-education program of learning more about harmony, and becoming more and more disenchanted with what appeared to him to be a lack of willingness or effort to "improve" on the part of his partners.

By late 1960, Guard's frustration and discontent with his partners, combined with an alleged embezzlement of the group's finances, had reached a point where he no longer wanted to work with Reynolds and Shane. Giving his partners notice that he intended to leave the Trio, and unwilling to cause the group he had founded to disband, Guard agreed to stay on with the Trio until his personal commitments were completed, and until Shane and Reynolds were able to find a suitable replacement for him. By early 1961 Shane and Reynolds had found a replacement for Guard. After a reportedly acrimonious meeting with Shane, Reynolds, and the Trio's business manager over the future of the Trio, Guard quit the group. The group continued to perform for six years as the Kingston Trio before disbanding in 1967, with John Stewart taking Guard's place.

In 1961, shortly after leaving the Trio, Guard formed a new group, The Whiskeyhill Singers, with Judy Henske, Cyrus Faryar, and Kingston Trio bassist David "Buck" Wheat. They toured and released an album and were asked to perform several folk songs on the Academy Award-winning soundtrack of How the West Was Won. Their voices can be heard on "The Erie Canal", "900 miles", "The Ox Driver", "Raise A Ruckus Tonight". Cyrus Faryar can be heard performing solo on the track "Wanderin'" and Dave Guard on "Poor Wayfarin' Stranger". Judy Henske featured solo on "Careless Love". Judy Henske was eventually replaced by Liz Seneff, but the Whiskeyhill Singers were disbanded in late 1962 after Guard left for Australia.

Dave Guard and The Whiskeyhill Singers recorded their first album at Henry Jacobs' studio at Sausalito, and it was released on the Capitol record label. A second album was recorded at the same private studio, but it was never released. The soundtrack to How the West Was Won was the group's final recorded appearance to be released commercially.

In late 1962 Guard moved with his family to Sydney, Australia, where he purchased a home overlooking the South Pacific Ocean at Whale Beach. He performed both under his own name, anonymously and under an alias as a supporting musician and vocalist on Australian recording sessions with, among others, Lionel Long, The Twiliters, The Green Hill Singers, Tina Date and The Tolmen. He also anonymously recorded many sound clips for radio and TV commercials. In 1964, Guard became the folk music consultant on the ABC-TV program Jazz Meets Folk, and he hosted his own ABC-TV national variety show, Dave's Place, on Sunday nights for 13 weeks in late 1965. Four episodes of Dave's Place featured Judy Henske as a guest performer.

Until his return to the United States in 1968, Guard gave guitar lessons and, with the help of his wife, Gretchen, wrote a book, Colour Guitar, describing a unique guitar teaching method relating music theory to a 12-valued chain of chords with color.

Guard's relationship with the Trio remained strained while he was in Australia. According to Guard, while he was in Australia, he was never in contact with Reynolds and Shane, and he never heard any of their albums.

Following his return from Australia 1968 and his wife's 1970 graduation from Stanford with a degree in art, Guard and his wife collaborated in researching, writing, and publishing a book on the ancient Irish folk tale, Deirdre of the Sorrows, followed by a second book about a 400-year old Hawaiian folk tale.

After the breakup of the Singers in 1961, Guard had returned to Hawaii. Always a folk music eclectic, Guard attempted to publicize the slack-key sounds of Hawaiian folk guitar. Guard worked closely in Honolulu with slack-key guitar icon Gabby Pahinui to record and produce Pure Gabby, an album of classic Hawaiian melodies played with slack key tunings. Guard tried to interest major record companies with Pure Gabby, but met with little interest, and he shelved the project. In 1978, ten years after his return from Australia, at the urging of Singer colleague, Cyrus Faryar, who had heard Guard's Pure Gabby tapes, Guard contacted Hula Records of Honolulu about Pure Gabby, which agreed to take the recordings and distribute the album.
[edit] Later years

In 1981, Guard reunited with Shane and Reynolds for a PBS fundraising concert and program entitled "The Kingston Trio and Friends Reunion." He also made occasional concert appearances with John Stewart, his replacement in the Trio who was by then a respected and successful solo performer. In addition to writing and recording, Guard also found time to produce the video Workout for Equestrians with Ingrid Gsottschneider for Golden Arrow Enterprises.

In the 1970s, Dave Guard recorded a live album at The Ice House in Pasadena. His backing group on this album was The Modern Folk Quartet, which included former Whiskeyhill Singer Cyrus Faryar. The album was turned-down by Capitol and was never released.

During the 1980s Guard continued to perform as a soloist and teach music. He did four tracks on a 12-track cassette recorded to accompany the "All Along the Merrimac" tour of New Hampshire and a final solo album, Up & In (1988), which received mixed reviews. One interesting aspect of both of the last two releases was Guard's performance of the Kingston Trio standard "Scotch and Soda," which he had arranged in 1956 but which for thirty years had been performed in The Trio only by Bob Shane.

Over the years following his return to the US, Guard worked with a number of people, including Alex Hassilev, Mike Settle, Judy Henske, Cyrus Faryar, Tim Buckley, Tommy Makem and David White.

Dave Guard remarried during this time, and lived with his wife in Los Altos, California.

Guard had contracted lymphoma sometime after he moved to Rollinsford, New Hampshire. On March 22, 1991, aged 56, he succumbed to the cancer. His passing was noted and memorialized by the many good friends he had made and those he had helped both in and outside of the music industry during the ensuing years. In 2000 The Kingston Trio was inducted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame.

He was survived by his wife Gretchen, their children, Sally, Catherine and Tom, and Guard's mother, Marjorie. Guard's daughter Sally died in 2001, also from cancer.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Ou2rg2_oa8"]YouTube - Dave Guard: God Moves on the Water - Titanic" target="_blank">YouTube - Dave Guard: God Moves on the Water - Titanic[/ame]



in 1992 - Polygram Records officially announced that Tears For Fears had split up, Roland Orzabal continued using the name Tears For Fears. During their career they scored 15 UK Top 40 singles and two US No.1's. Re-formed in 2004.

in 1992 - Record producer Lou Adler weds Paige Hannah (Daryl's sister)
in 1993 - Gret Palucca, German dancer/choreographer (Entartet), dies at 91
in 1994 - Luther Diamond, radio Personality, dies at 89.

in 1994 - Dan Hartman dies at age 43. American singer, songwriter and record producer; he joined his first band, The Legends, at the age of 13, as keyboardist and wrote much of the band's music, releasing several records. He next joined the Edgar Winter Group and played guitar on three of their albums; he wrote the band's second biggest pop hit "Free Ride" in 1972. A re-recorded version of "Free Ride" was used in the movie, Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: The Movie, in 1995 and Charizard the Dragon in 1998. He launched his solo career in 1976 and in 1978 he reached No.1 on the Dance Charts with the single, "Instant Replay". This was followed by his second chart topper, "Relight My Fire", which later became the theme for the NBC talk show Tomorrow. In 1984, Dave also performed "Heart of the Beat" under the band name 3V with Charlie Midnight for the soundtrack of Breakin' directed by Joel Silberg. In 1985, he scored a third No.1 single on the Dance Music charts, with "We Are The Young." (brain tumor caused by AIDS)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=621Nk3Ubz4A"]YouTube - Dan Hartman - I Can Dream About You" target="_blank">YouTube - Dan Hartman - I Can Dream About You[/ame]


in 1996 - Don Murray dies at age 50. American drummer, best known for his work with The Turtles. He grew up in Inglewood, CA and started playing drums at the age of 15 and became popular playing high school dances with the band The Crossfires. A year later the Crossfires became the Turtles, but the band had troubles playing at most Southern California venues like the Whiskey A Go Go, Troubadores, etc., because all members of the band were under 21. The band opened for larger "British Invasion" bands at first, like Herman's Hermits, Peter & Gordon, etc., before finally getting into "around the country" touring that summer. While in New York City, the band starred at the Phone Booth and met Bob Dylan, whose song "It Ain't Me, Babe" was their first big hit. The group scored its biggest and best-known hit in 1967 with the song "Happy Together" (Don was admitted to a hospital in January 1996 for ulcer surgery, and died two months later from post-operative complications).

in 1996 - Billy Williamson dies at age 71. American steel guitar player for Bill Haley and His Saddlemen and its successor group Bill Haley & His Comets from 1949 to 1963. A founding member of both he often acted as the band's emcee and comic relief during live concerts; he also played lead guitar on occasion. Billy had the distinction of being the only Comet allowed to record lead vocal tracks during Haley's tenure at Decca Records, such as the song "Hide and Seek" on their 1956 album. In 1958, he co-wrote the hit "Week End" with Franny Beecher and Rudy Pompilli, which reached No.35 on the Billboard pop chart when released as a single on East West Records by The Kingsmen, a group made up of The Comets. He co-wrote the follow up single as well, "The Catwalk", with Franny Beecher. His other compositions included "Shaky", "Two Shadows", "Birth of the Boogie", "Pat-a-Cake", "A Rockin' Little Tune", "The Beak Speaks", "Whistlin' and Walkin' Twist", "Hot to Trot", and "Caroline's Pony". He appeared in the movies Rock Around the Clock and Don't Knock the Rock in 1956, "Hier bin ich - hier bleib' ich" (Here I Am, Here I Stay) in 1959, and Jóvenes y rebeldes and Besito a Papa in 1961.
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sGifn-lqag0"]YouTube - THE COMETS B.B.BETTY billy williamson" target="_blank">YouTube - THE COMETS B.B.BETTY billy williamson[/ame]


22 March
Page 2 of 3

 

Pedro

Forum Staff
Mar 2008
17,256
On a mountain top in Costa Rica. yeah...I win!!
22 March
Page 3 of 3

in 1997 - Puff Daddy featuring Mase started a six week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Can't Nobody Hold Me Down', his first US No.1, a No.19 hit in the UK.

in 1998 - Saxophonist George Howard, a member of Harold Melvin and The Blue Notes before launching a solo career, dies at Ga. The Philadelphia-born musician first joined Harold Melvin’s group in 1972 as a touring session player. After a residency in Grover Washington Jr.’s band in 1979, Howard emerged as a successful jazz artist, scoring hit albums throughout the Eighties and Nineties. He earned two Grammy nominations, for the 1988 album Reflections, and for the 1992 track ‘Just The Way I Feel’. (Lymphoma) He died in an Atlanta hospital.

in 2000 - Yusuf Islam the former singer Cat Stevens joined the campaign to save the Section 28 ban on the promotion of homosexuality in UK schools. He praised peers for fighting the government's plans to scrap Section 28.

in 2004 - Ozzy Osbourne was voted the nation's favourite ambassador to welcome aliens to planet Earth. The 55 year old singer topped a Yahoo poll as the face people wanted to represent them to alien life.

in 2004 - A new book claimed that Elvis Presley’s ancestors came from a small village called Lonmay in the North East of Scotland. Author Allan Morrison said he’d found evidence that Elvis’s great-great-great-great-great-great grandfather was married in the village 300 years ago.

in 2005 - Rod Price dies at age 58. UK guitarist; at 21, he joined the British blues band Black Cat Bones, replacing Paul Kossoff, recording one album, 'Barbed Wire Sandwich'. Rod is best known for his years with the band Foghat, he joined Foghat when the group was first formed in London in 1971. He played on the band's first ten albums, released from 1972 through to 1980. Rod began a solo career at the beginning of the 21st century, and returned to his blues roots. He released two CD's, Open in 2002 and West Four in 2003. He toured and performed in blues clubs across the United States, and was featured at guitar seminars and workshops as well during this period. Known as the "Magician of slide" he worked with many other musicians over his career, such as Champion Jack Dupree, John Lee Hooker, Duster Bennett, Eddie Kirkland, Muddy Waters, Willie Dixon and Honey Boy Edwards (died after falling down a flight of stairs and suffering a massive coronary)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6J7kJf4lxTY"]YouTube - It Hurts Me Too- Lonesome Dave and Rod Price, with Tony Stevens, and Roger Earl." target="_blank">YouTube - It Hurts Me Too- Lonesome Dave and Rod Price, with Tony Stevens, and Roger Earl.[/ame]

in 2006 - Pío Leyva /Wilfredo Pascual dies at age 88. Cuban singer; he is the author of the well-known guaracha El Mentiroso ("The Liar") and composed some of Cuba’s best known standards. At the age of six he won a bongo contest and made his singing debut in 1932. He recorded over 25 albums since he signed his first contract with RCA Victor in 1950. He also sang with other Cuban artists such as Benny Moré, Bebo Valdés and Noro Morales and was a member of Estrellas de Areito and "Compay Segundo y Sus Muchachos". Pío was part of the Buena Vista Social Club, and took part in the 2004 film Música Cubana, which was marketed as a sequel to Buena Vista Social Club (heart attack)

in 2008 - Israel "Cachao" López dies at age 89. Cuban mambo musician, bassist and composer, who has helped bring mambo music to popularity in the United States of America in the early 1950s. From an eight year old bongo player to one of the 2 most sort after bass player in New York, Cachao has played with artists such as Celia Cruz, Bebo Valdes, Tito Puente, Willy Chirino, Paquito D'Rivera, Willie Colon, and his music has been featured on movies such as The Birdcage, and on the Grand Theft Auto: Vice City soundtrack. Andy García produced two documentaries about this music, Cachao ... Como Su Ritmo No Hay Dos ("With A Rhythm Like No Other") in 1993 and Cachao: Uno Más, which premiered in April 2008 at the San Francisco International Film Festival. He has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, and has been described as "the inventor of the mambo" winning several Grammy Awards for both his own work and his contributions on albums by Latin music stars, including Gloria Estefan. In 1994 he won a Grammy for Master Sessions Volume 1. In 2003 he won a Latin Grammy for Best Traditional Tropical Latin Album together with Bebo and Patato Valdés for El Arte Del Sabor and he won a further Grammy in 2005, again for his own work (renal failure)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Jzl6FHzPyk"]YouTube - CACHAO - AHORA SI" target="_blank">YouTube - CACHAO - AHORA SI[/ame]

in 2008 - Jason Rae dies at age 31. Scottish saxophonist, who played with his band Haggis Horns for the late 8 years of his life. The group have played backing band and toured with the likes of Amy Winehouse, Lily Allen, Mark Ronson, Nightmares On Wax and Corinne Bailey Rae, who was also Jason's wife. His band had recently released a debut album, "Hot Damn!", at the time of his death. (found dead in his flat in Leeds, UK; a toxicology test has proved inconclusive but West Yorkshire Police suspect he died of a drugs overdose).

in 2008 - US country singer Alan Jackson was at No.1 on the US album chart with his fifteenth solo album ‘Good Time’ .

in 2009 - Lady Gaga Started a three week run at No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'Poker Face', her second UK chart topper and a No.1 hit in over 20 countries.

in 2009 - Ronan Keating started a two week run at No.1 on the UK album chart with ‘Songs For My Mother’ the Irish singers fifth studio album.

in 2010 - Valentina Tolkunova dies at age 63. Russian singer born in Armavir; at the age of 18 she entered Moscow State University and in 1966 became a member of Yury Saulsky's jazz band VIO-66 as a soloist and jazz singer. A performance in 1972 at Moscow's Kolonny Concert Hall, where she sang several songs by Soviet composer Vladimir Shainsky is considered the performance that catapulted her career. Over the next 3 decades or more, Valentina released at least thirteen albums. She also won many awards in Soviet republics and was a 23-time winner of the "Song of the Year" competition on television. She was also bestowed the title of Honored Artist of RSFSR in 1979 and People's Artist of RSFSR in 1987. (On February 16th 2010, Valentina became ill during a concert in Mogilev, Belarus, and went to a local hospital before being transferred to the Botkin Clinic in Moscow. On 22 March, she went into a coma and died two hours later of a brain tumor)
[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jXhQKdtccs8"]YouTube - ????????? ????????? - ? ?? ???? ????? (????? ???? 82)" target="_blank">YouTube - ????????? ????????? - ? ?? ???? ????? (????? ???? 82)[/ame]

in 2011 - Frankie Sparcello dies at age [?] American metal bassist; he joined the legendary New Orleans' thrash/groove band Exhorder in 1991 just in time to record the basslines for the following year's album The Law. The group broke up a short time later and reformed with its original lineup a few years later. Frankie rejoined Exhorder in 2009 and he was scheduled to perform with the band at this year's Maryland Deathfest IX.

in 2011 - Zoogz Rift dies at age 57. American singer, painter and professional wrestler, his musical career was influenced by Frank Zappa and Captain Beefheart as well as Salvador Dalí and Ayn Rand. He began his recording career with the album Idiots on the Miniature Golf Course, released by Snout Records in 1979. His long-time collaborators include Richie Häss and John Trubee (the latter being famous for the songshark tune, "A Blind Man's Penis"). He released several albums through SST Records during the 1980s. Keyboard Magazine, in a special "Experimental Music" issue, described Rift's album The Island of Living Puke as "moments of outstanding free-form rock, sandwiched between scrupulously obscene interruptions" (died after a long battle with diabetes).

in 2011 - Victor Bouchard dies at age 84. Canadian pianist; from 1952 he performed with his wife Renée Morisset, as a piano duo touring Canada, Belgium, Holland and Italy. After debuting at Carnegie Hall, they made many appearances in the United States between 1965 and 1970. Several composers wrote pieces for the duo, including Clermont Pépin's Nombres for two pianos and orchestra - 1963, Roger Matton's Concerto - 1964 and a sonata by Jacques Hétu. For a recording of Matton's concerto, they were awarded the Prix Pierre-Mercure. He was President of the Jeunesses musicales du Canada from 1957 to 1959 and in 1961 became vice president of the Académie de musique du Québec. From 1967 to 1971 he worked for the Ministry of Education of Quebec, and from 1978 to 1980 as the General Director of the Quebec Conservatory. Besides chamber works he composed more than 100 French-Canadian folk songs (respiratory disease).

in 2012 - Johnny McCauley dies at age 86. Irish singer-songwriter, born in Fahan, County Donegal, and moved to London as a young adult. In 1953 he began singing with his band, the Westernaires at the Galtymore Club, Cricklewood. He wrote more than 80 songs, including Destination Donegal, Among The Wicklow Hills, Pretty Little Girl From Omagh and Four Country Roads, others include John Wayne and Barry McGuigan tribute songs. - Born April 23rd 1925.

in 2013 March 22 - Bebo Valdes, who started his career in the nightclubs of the Cuban capital, Havana, in the 1940s, was a central figure in the golden era of Cuban big band music.
A pianist, he also composed and arranged songs, and led two big bands, as well as creating his own rhythm, the batanga.

He died in Sweden, where he had lived since the 1960s.
Valdes came to fame as the musical director of the Tropicana club in Havana. From 1948 to 1957, he worked as singer Rita Montaner's pianist, also arranging many of her songs.
During his time at the Tropicana, he also performed with US artists Nat "King" Cole and Sarah Vaughan.

Late revival
Following the 1959 Cuban revolution, Valdes left Cuba for Mexico.

In 1963, he toured Europe with the Lecuano Cuban Boys orchestra and, while playing in the Swedish capital, Stockholm, fell in love with a woman in the audience.

He stayed in Stockholm and got married six months later.

Shortly after the wedding, he stopped touring, choosing to settle down with his wife instead.
While he continued to play in hotel piano bars and restaurants, it was not until 1994 that he would record another album, Bebo Rides Again.

The collaboration with Cuban saxophonist and clarinettist Paquito D'Rivera revived his musical fortune.

Calle 54, a 2000 documentary about Latin jazz by Spanish director Fernando Trueba, further helped to bring Valdes's music to a wider audience.

The film featured Bebo performing together with his son from his first marriage, Chucho Valdes, who is also a pianist and band leader.

The cause of Bebo Valdes's death has not yet been made public.

in 2013 March 22 - US mezzo-soprano Rise Stevens, who sang with the Metropolitan Opera for more than 20 years, has died in New York three months shy of her 100th birthday.

Among her greatest roles was the title character in Carmen in the 1950s, which she sang for 124 performances.

She also had a brief Hollywood film career in the 1940s, starring in Oscar-winning Bing Crosby film Going My Way.

The Met called her "a consummate artist, treasured colleague, and devoted supporter of the company".

Born Rise Steenberg on 11 June 1913, she first began singing at the age of 10 on a radio children's hour in New York.

She received a scholarship to study at the renowned Julliard School and turned down an invitation to audition for the Met in 1935 - instead choosing to continue her training in Europe instead.

The singer made her professional opera debut in Prague, where she first showed her mastery in the role of Carmen, before joining the Met in 1938 on tour in Mignon.

Stevens' first film role was in the Oscar-nominated 1941 film The Chocolate Soldier opposite Nelson Eddy, leading to her role in Crosby's Going My Way which won seven Oscars including best picture.

But she turned her back on Hollywood shortly after because of her love for opera.
Stevens was best known for her role in Carmen.

"I probably would never have reached that vast public had I not done films," she had once said. "At least, I won a lot of people over to opera."

Among her other celebrated roles were Octavian in Der Rosenkavalier, Orfeo in Orfeo ed Euridice, Cherubino in The Marriage of Figaro and Dalila in Samson et Dalila.

Such was her skill, Lloyds of London insured her voice for $1m (£660,000) in 1945.
She retired from performing opera in 1961, saying she wanted to bow out while she still had a great voice.

"It always bothered me, these great singers when I heard them again and again, remembering how magnificent they sounded once and no more,'' she said.

Stevens spent three years as director of the Met's touring company. She was also a managing director of the Met, board member of the Metropolitan Opera Guild and president of the Mannes College of Music from 1975 to 1978.

She received the Kennedy Center Honour in 1990, where she was hailed as a singer "who raised the art of opera [in the US] to its highest level".

She is survived by her son, the actor Nicholas Surovy, and a granddaughter.
Surovy said a private memorial had been planned.

22 March

Page 3 of 3