Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the center of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely self-denying seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares open land borders like France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). as soon as nearly 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous aficionado give leave to enter of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been house to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant visceral the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic taking into consideration a dispensation of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant capacity in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, political and religious middle of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a become old of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can afterward be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the ahead of time middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous foe city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great wealth through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for ahead of its time capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and progress to the in flames of Europe, bringing a renewed incorporation in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing renowned scholars, artists and polymaths. During the center Ages, Italian explorers discovered extra routes to the far East and the extra World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s personal ad and embassy facility significantly waned past the start of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting between the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was in the same way as conquered and other estranged by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign run led to a grow old of disordered political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was as regards categorically unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the late 19th century to the to come 20th century, Italy immediately industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, though the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite living thing one of the main victors in World court case I, Italy entered a times of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist totalitarianism in 1922. Participation in World stroke II upon the Axis side over and done with in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. with the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, time-honored a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a deeply developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically open-minded countries, like its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a definitely tall vigor expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and embassy affairs; it is both a regional facility and a great power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading aficionada of the European union and a supporter of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the devotion for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen area and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as without difficulty as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a late addition of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to the world’s largest number of World descent Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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map of ancient italy the romans map of ancient italy created by hamilcar netherlands while i work my way up to the fall of the empire i ll try and include the places i come across in the ancient literature map of the roman empire ancient cities rivers and ancient jerusalem interactive study of jerusalem with map picture study bible studybible with pictures and maps first century israel map large map of israel in the first century click around on the cities the geography of italy map and geographical facts map of italy lonely planet getty images the area of italy is 116 305 square miles 301 230 square kilometers including the islands of sardinia and sicily making it just slightly larger than the state of arizona in the united states italy map cities and towns detailed map of italy with italy map cities and towns detailed map of italy with cities and towns italy map cities and towns southern europe europe to print italy map cities and towns southern europe europe to download category old maps of italy wikimedia commons where to categorize or find maps of italy if the map shows category to use italy on a recently created map category maps of italy or its subcategories italy on a map created more than 70 years ago category old maps of italy or its subcategories history of italy on a recently created map category italy cities map wandering italy detailed map of italy showing the top italian cities to visit and a map of the geography of the italian penninsula for travel planning compelling cities villages and hamlets of italy that you ll want to see are marked on our map old maps of italy old maps of italy on old maps online discover the past of italy on historical maps category old maps of ancient rome city wikimedia commons this category is for old maps showing all or a large part of ancient rome city see subcategories for smaller areas old maps means maps made over seventy 70 years ago where to categorize or find maps of ancient rome city made in the last 70 years category roman towns and cities in italy wikipedia wikimedia commons has media related to ancient roman cities and villages in italy by latin name subcategories this category has the following 7 subcategories out of 7 total italy ancient history encyclopedia ancient rome was at first a small agricultural community founded circa the 8th century bce that grew over the course of the centuries into a colossal empire encompassing the whole mediterranean sea in which ancient greek and roman cultures merged into one civilization