wordnet_aristocrat_109807754


# training instances: 30618
# testing instances: 4496
# true positives: 4122
# false positives: 563
# false negatives: 374
precision: 0.87982924226254
recall: 0.916814946619217
F1: 0.8979414007188758
True Positives - False Positives - False Negatives

True Positives:

Anchor TextPreceeding ContextFollowing Context
Sir William McAlpine... Southern Railway". This was re-erected at the private Fawley Hill Museum of, whose company built Waterloo International. Waterloo International close ...
James I... ly. This was when, on the death of Robert III in 1406, his heir, who became, was a prisoner in England. James was eventually released and crowned in ...
Mathilde KschessinskaWhen the prima ballerina assoluta of the Imperial Theaterswas pregnant in 1901, she coached Pavlova in the role of Nikya in La Bayad ...
Henry Tudor... brother, Richard, (later Richard III) was famously killed in battle againstat Bosworth Field
Hugh d'Avranches... astle, to dominate the town and the nearby Welsh border. In 1071 he created, the 1st Earl of Chester
Laurence Olivier... Estella in David Lean's version of Great Expectations (1946) and Ophelia in's Hamlet (1948), for which she received her first Oscar nomination. It wa ...
William the Conqueror... father Eustace II appeared at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 as an ally of, and is listed as a possible killer of Harold II; he is also believed to ...
Alexander Haig... mes Schlesinger, CIA Director William Colby, and White House Chief of Staff. The Watergate scandal had reached its apex, and Nixon was so agitated an ...
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh... ysis represented a key means of identifying the bodies. A blood sample from(a grandson of Alexandra's oldest sister, Princess Victoria of Hesse and b ...
Marquess of Dalhousie... tion of Oudh were political factors triggering dissent amongst Indians. The's policy of annexation, the doctrine of lapse (or escheat) applied by the ...
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor... arried Marie Amalie, Archduchess of Austria. Marie Amalie was a daughter ofand his wife Princess Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Her materna ...
Sigismund I the Old... ge was granted the title "Duke of Prussia" by his new feudal overlord, Kingof Poland, who was also his uncle. In a deal partially brokered by Luther, ...
Edward V of EnglandThe Princes in the Tower is a term which refers toand Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York. The two brothers were the onl ...
Comte de Rochambeau... hboring localities, alongside allied French forces under the command of the
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart... public of their time, they are generally unknown by contemporary audiences.'s concert aria, Per Questa Bella Mano, K.612 for bass, double bass obblig ...
William d'Aubigny... crown in 1102. King Henry II, who added on to the castle, in 1155 confirmedas Earl of Arundel, with the honour and the castle of Arundel. Arundel Cas ...
Henry VIII... whom he seems to have been Yeoman of the Guard. He was Sergeant-of-Arms toin 1526, Sheriff of Northamptonshire in 1532, and a Justice of the Peace f ...
Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of YorkThe Princes in the Tower is a term which refers to Edward V of England and. The two brothers were the only sons of Edward IV of England and Elizabet ...
Barbara Amiel... cated. Following these revelations and others, Trevor-Roper told journalistin 1995 that he was no longer certain about the allegations, and that Bern ...
Charles I... ent in an act of posthumous revenge for their part in the beheading of King
Louis XIV of France... rial army. The Pico family would reign as dukes until Mirandola, an ally of, was conquered by his rival, Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor, in 1708 and an ...
Robert III... able to be crowned more or less immediately. This was when, on the death ofin 1406, his heir, who became James I, was a prisoner in England. James wa ...
Ida of Lorraine... logne, successor to his father Count Eustace II of Boulogne. His mother was
Lady Diana Spencer... dest son, Charles, counselling him to make up his mind to either propose to, or break off their courtship. Charles felt pressured by his father to ma ...
King Henry II... de Montgomery, Earl of Arundel, the castle was seized by the crown in 1102., who added on to the castle, in 1155 confirmed William d'Aubigny as Earl ...
John III Sobieski... of Bavaria, and Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska, and the grandson of Polish King
Winston Churchill... he connected telephone calls from war leaders to the prime minister. He meton several occasions when asked for updates on incoming calls and once was ...
John-Henry... ctive ruler of Tyrol from the Meinhardiner Dynasty. 1330 she was married to(later became the margrave of Moravia), who she repudiated with the help o ...
Lord Dunmore... ed the Spanish to surrender on April 17, 1783, without a single shot fired.governed the colony from 1787 to 1796 and oversaw the construction of Fort ...
Stanley Jackson... uropean club in Chittagong in 1932, while Bina Das attempted to assassinate, the Governor of Bengal inside the convocation hall of Calcutta Universit ...
Hugh Trevor-RoperIn 1969, along withand A. J. P. Taylor, he became a member of the editorial board of Sir Wins ...
Edward IV of England... ard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York. The two brothers were the only sons ofand Elizabeth Woodville alive at the time of their father's death. Sometim ...
6th DukeThe(1790–1858), commonly known as 'the Bachelor Duke', was responsible for th ...
Stephen of England... V (c. 1129 – 17 August 1153), count of Boulogne, was the eldest son of Kingand Countess Matilda I of Boulogne. When his father seized the English thr ...
Dwight Eisenhower... ioned endlessly for an exemption which had finally been approved by General. However Saint-Exupéry had been suffering pain and immobility due to his ...
Earl Mountbatten of Burma... ectors' Awards at the Dorchester Hotel in London. Presenting the awards was; an award had just gone to Barry Took and Marty Feldman (writers of Round ...
Merckx, Eddy... ut - Meetjesland - Meeuwen-Gruitrode - Melle - Menen - Mercator, Gerardus -- Merelbeke - Merksplas - Mertens, Pierre - Mesen - Meulebeke - Meuse-Infé ...
Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray... t cavalry, and the camp followers (who took part at the end of the battle)., commanded the vanguard, which was stationed about a mile to the south of ...
Thomas Beecham... ng to establish itself as a self-governing body after the withdrawal of Sir. In 1949 the opera The Olympians by Arthur Bliss, to a libretto by Priest ...
Prince-electorIn 1726 when his father died Charles Albert becameof the Holy Roman Empire and Duke of Bavaria. He managed to maintain good ...
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor... ntil Mirandola, an ally of Louis XIV of France, was conquered by his rival,, in 1708 and annexed to Modena by Duke Rinaldo d'Este, the exiled male li ...
Lord Coleridge... city (Re Stepney Election Petition, Isaacson v Durant (1886) 17 QBD 54 (perCJ)). Attachment to the person of the reigning Sovereign is not sufficient ...
Diana, Princess of Wales... ted with the Royal Family (for instance, immediately following the death of). However, recent polls show that around 70–80% of the British public sup ...
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor... "S" on the duchy's coat of arms represented Albert's sovereign, Sigismund., and Pope Clement VII objected to the Prussian Homage, which was derided ...
Joseph IIOn Maria Theresa's death in 1780, she was succeeded by her son, already Holy Roman Emperor since Francis I's death in 1765. A reformer h ...
Baldwin of Bourcq... he travelled all the way to Apulia before learning that a distant relative,, had been crowned in the meantime. Eustace returned to Boulogne and died ...
Bertrand RussellThe philosopherused the sentence "Quadruplicity drinks procrastination" to make a similar ...
James Stuart, 2nd Earl of Bute... arldom of Bute (named after the Isle of Bute) upon the death of his father,, in 1723. He was brought up thereafter by his maternal uncles, the 2nd Du ...
Hugh Capet#redirect
John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg... ncess Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Her maternal grandfather was. In 1725 Charles Albert visited Versailles for the wedding of Louis XV an ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA). Privately, however, the CIA and Presidentwere aware of progress being made by the Soviets on Sputnik from secret sp ...
Rudolph IVMargarete Maultasch decided to bequeathe Tyrol to Dukeof the House of Habsburg, probably pressed by the aristocracy, an act whic ...
Henry IIILeiden was sacked in 1047 by Emperor. Early 13th century, Ada, Countess of Holland took refuge here when she w ...
Scheherazade... rated by an unknown narrator, and in this narration the stories are told by. In many of Scheherazade's narrations there are also stories narrated, an ...
Baldwin of Boulogne... 1096 with his brothers Godfrey of Bouillon (duke of Lower Lotharingia) and. He soon returned to Europe to administer his domains. He married Mary of ...
Richard... sumed killed) within a year of Edward's death. The king's youngest brother,, (later Richard III) was famously killed in battle against Henry Tudor at ...
Philip... Juan Carlos and Queen Sophia; Pope John Paul II; Prince Charles, and Prince
Henry of Anjou... ssibility of a peaceful settlement between Stephen and his rival, the young. According to William of Newburgh, King Stephen was "grieved beyond measu ...
Stephen II... by the aristocracy, an act which caused a conflict between Meinhard's uncle, who forged an alliance with the powerful Lord of Milan Bernabò Visconti ...
Catherine the Great... ntral Europe, faced with the alliance of Frederick the Great of Prussia andof Russia. The Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774 caused a serious crisis in e ...
Winston Churchill... Roper and A. J. P. Taylor, he became a member of the editorial board of Sir's four volume A History of the English-Speaking Peoples
Roger de Montgomery... ncestors for over 850 years is Arundel Castle. Built in the 11th Century by, Earl of Arundel, the castle was seized by the crown in 1102. King Henry ...
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel... his advisors went about arranging a marriage for him. Their eyes fell upon, the eldest child of Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. She w ...
Grand Duke George Alexandrovich of Russia... icholas was identified from DNA obtained from among others his late brother. Grand Duke George had died of tuberculosis in the late 1890s and was bur ...
Christian II... ho successfully liberated Sweden from the temporary rule of the Danish Kingin 1521
LagrangeThe theorem was proved byand generalized by Hans Heinrich Bürmann, both in the late 18th century. T ...
Edward I... tagonist, a fictional Englishman who journeys to China during the reigns ofand Kublai Khan. Costain's narration includes technology such as the compa ...
Anne of Denmark... 00. James VI and I, the King of England, Scotland and Ireland and his wife,, the daughter of Frederick II of Denmark also lived at the Palace until t ...
Lord Hastings'Despiteless-than-stellar opinion of Raffles before (which had necessitated his tr ...
Komtur... upporters and the s of Königsberg, and only Eric of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel,of Memel, opposed the new duke. On 10 December 1525, at their session in K ...
Matilda of Boulogne... cotland, and Saint Margaret of Scotland. Eustace and Mary had one daughter,
Count of Flanders... he marriage of his son Alexander to Margaret, daughter of Guy de Dampierre,, probably also in 1281. The treaty arranging the marriage, signed in Dece ...
Earl of Leicester... (said by John Strecche to have encouraged the Agincourt campaign), and the's lavish reception of Elizabeth I in 1575
Casimir IV... tiated with Lithuania in the hope of placing itself under the protection of, King of Poland and Grand Prince of Lithuania, a would-be alliance regard ...
Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel... ell upon Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, the eldest child of. She was held to be strikingly beautiful by her contemporaries. On 1 Augu ...
James Lowther# Lady Mary Stuart (c. 1741 – 5 April 1824), who married, later the 1st Earl of Lonsdale, on 7 September 1761
George Macartney#Lady Jane Stuart (c. 1748 – 28 February 1828), who married, later the 1st Earl Macartney, on 1 February 1768
Duke of Halland... went on a private visit to Wuppertal, Germany; at the same time, H.R.H. thewas on a private visit to Sainte-Maxime, France. The Government therefore ...
Louis XVIII... e island of Elba, and restored the French Bourbon monarchy in the person of. They signed the Treaty of Fontainebleau (11 April 1814) and initiated th ...
Prince-elector... t (6 August 1697 – 20 January 1745) a member of the Wittelsbach family, wasof Bavaria from 1726 and Holy Roman Emperor from 24 January 1742 until his ...
King Harold... shire and Monmouthshire, and traced his descent from an Owen of the time ofand a Sitsyllt of the reign of William Rufus. Sitsylt is the original Wels ...
Sir Alec Rose... ht boxing champion, Alan Pascoe, Olympic medallist, was born in Portsmouth,, famous single-handed yachtsman, Katy Sexton, former world champion swimm ...
MortaMindaugas and his wifewere crowned during the summer of 1253. Bishop Henry Heidenreich of Kulm p ...
Frederick II of Prussia... a itself by Austrian troops; and, though the invasion of Bohemia in 1744 byenabled him to return to Munich, at his death on 20 January 1745 it was le ...
Lord Warkworth#Lady Anne Stuart (born c. 1745), who married, later the 2nd Duke of Northumberland, on 2 July 1764
Lew Grade... ly a child audience. Henson was finally able to convince British impresarioto finance the show, which would be shot in the United Kingdom and syndica ...
Carl XVI GustafUnder H.M., the present King of Sweden since 1973, the plain triple-tailed flag has ...
Marie Amalie, Archduchess of AustriaHe and his wifewere parents of seven children
Baldwin I of JerusalemWhen his youngest brother kingdied in 1118, the elderly Eustace was offered the throne. Eustace was at f ...
another brother... d brother were killed at the Battle of Wakefield, while his grandfather andwere executed for treason. Edward's two sons were imprisoned and disappear ...
Prince William, Duke of Cumberland... on is 156,898. Its county seat is Bridgeton. Cumberland County is named for
General Cornwallis... nia along present-day Ashford Avenue and Broadway, en route to victory overat the Siege of Yorktown and to victory in the Revolutionary War
Joseph Whitworth... on of men to build on his work, such as Richard Roberts, Joseph Clement and
Ferdinand II of Aragon... t the Jewish religion." These were the charges brought by the government ofand Isabella I of Castile against the Jews. They constituted the grounds f ...
Benjamin Britten... ems of a pacifist or non-liturgical nature; for example, the War Requiem ofjuxtaposes the Latin text with the poetry of Wilfred Owen, Krzysztof Pende ...
Maximilian IIn 1505, Holy Roman Emperorestablished a postal system in the Empire, appointing Franz von Thurn und ...
Daniel of Galicia... mogitia). Vykintas died in 1251 or 1252, and Tautvilas was forced to rejoin
Andrew CarnegieDunfermline's most famous son is the entrepreneur and philanthropist,who was born in the town in 1835. Among the gifts he gave to his home town ...
Leopold II... roved a boon for Austria, as he was succeeded by his more sensible brother,, previously the reforming Grand Duke of Tuscany. Leopold knew when to cut ...
Winston Churchill... base rights in Bermuda from the United Kingdom, but British Prime Ministerwas initially unwilling to accede to the American request without getting ...
Margaret Thatcher... 1974–92, and served as the Chancellor of the Exchequer in the government offrom June 1983 to October 1989. He was made a life peer in 1992
James I of Scotland... e David II of Scotland (reign 1329-71), the son of Robert The Bruce in 1324;(reign 1406-37) in late 1394 and Charles I of England, King of England, S ...
Jan Potocki... is narrated within it, and within that there are three more tales narrated.'s The Manuscript Found in Saragossa (1797-1805) has extremely rich interl ...
Earl of Winchilsea... who was elected despite not being legally allowed to sit in Parliament. Theaccused the Duke of, "an insidious design for the infringement of our libe ...
Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford... r de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, and veterans like Henry de Beaumont and. The most irreconcilable of Bruce's Scottish enemies also came: Ingram de ...
Charles I of England... ert The Bruce in 1324; James I of Scotland (reign 1406-37) in late 1394 and, King of England, Scotland and Ireland (reign 1625-49) in 1600. James VI ...
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba... ty successfully withstood a siege by Spanish forces under the leadership of. It was a turning point in the Eighty Years War and gave rise to the expr ...
Earl Mountbatten of Burma... le all over the country. On 27 August 1979 the Provisional IRA assassinatedin County Sligo. On the same day the IRA killed 18 British soldiers at War ...
Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of BavariaHe was born in Brussels as the son of, and Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska, and the grandson of Polish King John III ...
Henry VII... e best inn in Stamford. David somehow secured the favour of the first Tudor, to whom he seems to have been Yeoman of the Guard. He was Sergeant-of-Ar ...
Isabella I of Castile... se were the charges brought by the government of Ferdinand II of Aragon andagainst the Jews. They constituted the grounds for their expulsion and ban ...
Gustavus Adolphus... ame coat of arms is still used by the province. Not until the reign of Kingin the 1620s, there is reliable evidence of a double-tailed blue flag with ...
Empress Matilda... ouis in an abortive raid upon Normandy, which had accepted the title of the, and was now defended by her husband, Geoffrey of Anjou
King George V... of the modern shopping area, built in 1912, commemorates the coronation of. In the late 1970s the London Borough of Bexley built its headquarters, t ...
Ramon Berenguer IV... hose women who defended the town of Tortosa against an attack by the Moors,, then count of Barcelona, created the order of the Hatchet (orden de la H ...
Sir Thomas Browne... orated dozens of invented words. The early modern English prose writings ofare the source of many neologisms as recorded by the Oxford English Dictio ...
Laurence Olivier... arly inspired by his frequent collaborator David Lean. Praise also came for's cameo as the Duke of Wellington, with Philip French of The Times writin ...
FinarfinDorthonion was originally ruled by Angrod and Aegnor, two of the sons of, under the suzerainty of their older brother Finrod. The north-eastern ar ...
John Prescott... ection in May 1997, the new transport secretary (and deputy prime minister)took a much harder line. When Swift's five-year term of office expired on ...
Xiao Tong... to rebel in the name of Xiao Dong, the grandson of the former crown princewho died in 531 AD and was removed from crown prince because of conflicts ...
12th DukeThe, who succeeded to the title in 2004, continues to live primarily on the f ...
Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska... rn in Brussels as the son of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, and, and the grandson of Polish King John III Sobieski
Frederick IV "Empty Pockets"... 10 the invasion of the lower Inn valley by the Bavarians. Under the rule ofinternal conflicts between the powerful local aristocracy and the duke aro ...
Winston ChurchillHardy holds the distinction of playing bothand Franklin D. Roosevelt, and having played both roles on more than one o ...
Prince Wenzel Anton von Kaunitz... odds on policy, and their quarrels were usually mediated by the chancellor,(1711–94), who served nearly 40 years as the principal minister to Maria T ...
Frederick I of DenmarkOn 1 March 1526 Albert married Princess Dorothea, daughter of King, thereby establishing political ties between Lutheranism and Scandinavia. ...
Ernest RutherfordIn 1911,gave a model of the atom in which a central core held most of the atom's m ...
Louis VII of France... ers dated no later than August 1131. In 1137, he did homage for Normandy to, whose sister, Constance, he subsequently married in 1140 (as a widow she ...
Henry VIII... ard Family were Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, second and fifth wives of. Both women were nieces of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, who played ...
Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke... nry let him use a group of Anglo-Norman aristocrats and adventurers, led by, to help him regain his throne. Dermot and his Anglo-Norman allies succee ...
9th Duke... lived in the castle after marrying the Lord Charles Cavendish, a son of theand, after his death in 1944, continued to use the castle until shortly be ...
Godfrey of BouillonHe went on the First Crusade in 1096 with his brothers(duke of Lower Lotharingia) and Baldwin of Boulogne. He soon returned to E ...
Lady Charlotte Boyle... ndish family in 1753 when the daughter and heiress of the 4th Earl of Cork,(1731-1754) married William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, a future Pr ...
Henry VIII... e of Repeal Act (1553); the Protestant religious laws passed in the time ofwere repealed; and the Revival of the Heresy Acts were passed in 1554. The ...
Lord Young of Dartington... rs, Mike Skinner, Alison Steadman, Imre Varadi, Rod Stewart, Victoria Wood,, Toby Young, and Alex Zane
Napoleon I... as a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall (field marshal) who led his army againstat the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig in 1813 and at the Battle of Water ...
Henry Tudor... ncastrian line had virtually been extinguished, and the only rival left was, who was living in exile
Francesco IIThe Cathedral was begun in 1532 under Duke, who commissioned the design to Antonio da Lonate. The edifice was comple ...
Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke... s was recorded by the Chief of the Imperial General Staff Field Marshal Sirin his diary entries of the 1/2 July 1940
4th Earl of Cork... quired by the Cavendish family in 1753 when the daughter and heiress of the, Lady Charlotte Boyle (1731-1754) married William Cavendish, 4th Duke of ...
Louis IV... emperor at Frankfurt. Charles VII was the second Wittelsbach Emperor afterand the first Wittelsbach King of the Romans since the rule of Rupert of G ...
Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk... ting with Roger Bigod from Normandy (died 1107). Their male line ended with, who died without an heir in 1307, so their titles and estates reverted t ...
Cardinal Richelieu... er Louis XIII. In 1632, Isaac de Razilly became involved, at the request of, in the colonization of Acadia, by taking possession of the Habitation at ...
John II of France... mongst Edward's successes were the battles of Crécy and Poitiers where Kingwas taken prisoner, and the capture of the King David II of Scotland at Ne ...
George AnsonAdmirals. and Admiral Jonathon Band, current First Sea Lord are both notable in Po ...
Robert Borden... e after failing to win a riding. Following Meighen into civilian life were:, who served as Chancellor of Queen's and McGill Universities, as well as ...
Emperor Charles VII... a to the Prussians. In 1745, following the reign of the Bavarian Elector as, Maria Theresa's husband Francis of Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tuscany, was ...
Francis Drake... tly, in 1586 St. Augustine was attacked and burned by English privateer Sirand the surviving Spanish settlers were driven into the wilderness. Howeve ...
Beatrice... ber 1383, strenuous efforts were made to secure the succession for Princess, Ferdinand's only daughter. As heiress presumptive, Beatrice had married ...
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany... left with the prisoners. Alexandra kept only two bracelets which her uncle,, had given her as a child and which she could not take off. He did not kn ...
John D. Rockefeller... tered the oil business by starting a refinery. In 1867, his older brother ()'s partnership of Rockefeller & Andrews absorbed this refinery. In 1870, ...
King John... meaning navel, because it was thought to be the navel of England. In 1203,granted Naseby its market charter and the village became a flourishing mar ...
Niels Bohr... Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics. He strongly disagreed with's instrumentalism and supported Albert Einstein's realist approach to sci ...
Henry IV... a Parisian) and to Henry III of Navarre who later became king of France as
Lord Byron... Frari, Venice. Foscari's life was the subject of a play The Two Foscari by(1821) and an episode in Samuel Rogers' long poem Italy. The Byron play se ...
Leofric, Earl of Mercia... that was later left in ruins by King Canute's invading Danish army in 1016.and his wife Lady Godiva built on the remains of the nunnery and founded a ...
Henry VI... s royal motto was modus et ordo, or "method and order"). The latter days of's government had been marked by a general breakdown in law and order, as ...
Edward, the Prince of Wales... ceremony of the Hall was on 29 March 1871. A welcoming speech was given by; Queen Victoria was too overcome to speak although she did comment that i ...
Henry Bolingbroke... im after he promised that he had just come to reclaim his dukedom - just ashad done seventy years earlier. As he marched southwards he began to gathe ...
Wilfrid Laurier... , both prior to sitting as regular Members of Parliament until their deaths;dying while still in the post; and Charles Tupper, Louis St. Laurent, and ...
Henry de Beaumont... h wars, headed by Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, and veterans likeand Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford. The most irreconcilable of ...
King Hussein... yrian position deteriorated, Jordan sent an expeditionary force into Syria., who had come under intense pressure to enter the war, told Israel of his ...
Fürst... (; December 16, 1742 – September 12, 1819), Graf (Count), later elevated to(Prince) von Wahlstatt, was a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall (field marshal ...
Richard, Duke of Gloucester... VI, and Edward took refuge in Burgundy, accompanied by his younger brother. The rulers of Burgundy were his brother-in-law Charles, Duke of Burgundy ...
Winston Churchill's... rt television miniseries Frankenstein: The True Story. She also appeared aslover Pamela Plowden in Young Winston, produced by her father-in-law Richa ...
King Charles I... oor a small distance north of the village the Royalist forces, commanded by, battled the Roundhead army commanded by Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax ...
Richard I... was elected Bishop of Salisbury shortly after the accession of Henry's sonto the throne of England
Clement Attlee... current stones were dedicated in September 1946 by the then Prime Minister, replacing those destroyed during WW2 as an anti-invasion measure. The lo ...
Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of Norfolk... h the title refers to the county of Norfolk. The current Duke of Norfolk is. The dukes have historically been Roman Catholic, a state of affairs know ...
Dionisio Alcalá Galiano... A possible eruption was seen in June 1792 during the Spanish expedition ofand Cayetano Valdés. Their report read, in part
Charles X GustavAfter, the son of John Casimir, count palatine of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, succeeded ...
Charles Tupper... ment until their deaths; Wilfrid Laurier dying while still in the post; and, Louis St. Laurent, and John Turner, each before they returned to private ...
Lew GradeDuring its ATV days, the chairman of the station, was said to have taken a personal dislike to the show but was persuaded ...
Edward VIIn 1553, Mary I, a Roman Catholic, succeeded her Protestant half-brother,, to the English throne. Mary set about trying to restore Roman Catholicis ...
Anne Beauchamp... o Isabella Neville and Anne Neville. They were both daughters of Warwick byand rival heirs to the considerable inheritance of their still-living moth ...
Lord Nelson... handful of British subjects to be honoured in that way (other examples areand Winston Churchill)—and the last heraldic state funeral to be held in B ...
Don Carlos... whose settlement saw Austria cede Naples and Sicily to the Spanish Infantein exchange for the tiny Duchy of Parma and Spain and France's adherence t ...
James Tyrrell... nce there are no other "infants" Richard had ever been accused of killing).was an English knight who fought for the House of York on many occasions. ...
Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke... mpanied by many of the seasoned campaigners of the Scottish wars, headed by, and veterans like Henry de Beaumont and Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de ...
Ludovico il Moro... is also said to have been laid out by Bramante, and was certainly built for, starting in 1492-93 and completed in record time, unusual for early Rena ...
Laurence Olivier... nch as the long-suffering Mr Lamb (a role first offered to Timothy Dalton),as the Duke of Wellington, Richard Chamberlain as Byron, and Ralph Richard ...
Grand Cross... as the 909th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Spain and the 28thof the Order of the Tower and Sword
Prince George, the new Prince of Wales... e of the Prince. Upon the Prince's death in 1751, the education of his son,, became a priority and in 1755 Bute was appointed as his tutor. Bute arra ...
Sarah, Duchess of York... ayment. The Duke's entourage denied he knew of the situation. In July 2011,stated that her multi-million pound debts had been cleared due to the inte ...
Maria Theresa... rs' worthless recognitions of the Pragmatic Sanction that made his daughterhis heir. The most notable instance of this was in the War of the Polish S ...
Maria Theresa... ies were overrun by the Austrians and Bavaria was occupied by the troops of. Therefore the emperor fled Munich and resided for almost three years in ...
Henry II of EnglandIn the 12th century the only English pope, Adrian IV, authorised Kingto take possession of Ireland as a feudal territory nominally under papal ...
Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham... record of such an important confession has ever been found or referred to.was Richard's right-hand man and sought personal advantage through the new ...
James I’sambassador to Paris, Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury, who pr ...
Bertrand Russellnamed Keynes one of the most intelligent people he had ever known, comment ...
John... rd's death in 1199, Walter helped assure the elevation of Richard's brotherto the throne. Walter also served John as a diplomat, undertaking several ...
Henry IIHis 1152 marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine allowed the futureto gain control of his new wife's possessions of Aquitaine and Gascony. Th ...
Isaac Isaacs... ay ceremony, Gough Whitlam was awarded a prize by the Governor-General, Sir
Edward... by Portuguese historians as the "illustrious generation" (Ínclita Geração):, the future king, was a poet and a writer; Peter, the Duke of Coimbra, wa ...
Mary Wortley Montagu... duated with a degree in civil and public law. On 24 August 1736, he married(daughter of Sir Edward and Lady Mary Wortley Montagu), bringing the large ...
Lord Byron... a 1972 film based on the life of the notorious Lady Caroline Lamb, lover ofand wife of Prime Minister Viscount Melbourne. The film was written and di ...
Charles... the Belgians; King Juan Carlos and Queen Sophia; Pope John Paul II; Prince, and Prince Philip
2nd Duke of Argyll... of Bute, in 1723. He was brought up thereafter by his maternal uncles, theand Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, 1st and only Earl of Ilay
Joseph Banks... cessor to his father, William Aiton, as Superintendent of Kew Gardens), Sir(President of the Royal Society), James Dickson (a nurseryman), William Fo ...
King Henry VIII's... Hertfordshire, in England. She took on the stage name "Jane Seymour" afterthird wife
Ludwig III of Bavaria... revolution. On 7 November, the revolution had reached Munich, causing Kingto flee. Groener, a self-appointed military expert in the MSPD was sent to ...
Otto I... a bridgehead to Italy, which was re-affirmed during the Italian Campaign of. In the years 1007 and 1027 the Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire granted ...
Sir Arthur Harris... easier for the incendiary bombs to fall into buildings and ignite them. As, commander of RAF Bomber Command, wrote after the war
Prince Frederick, the Prince of Wales... bellion of 1745, Bute moved to Westminster, London, and two years later metthere, soon becoming a close associate of the Prince. Upon the Prince's de ...
Cornelius VanderbiltThe most prominent were William K. Vanderbilt, grandson of railroad magnate; Frederick G. Bourne, president of the Singer Sewing Machine Co., and Chr ...
Baudouin... ave been Princess Grace of Monaco and her husband, Prince Rainier III; Kingof the Belgians; King Juan Carlos and Queen Sophia; Pope John Paul II; Pri ...
Maria Theresa... an Succession, nominally a struggle over the legitimacy of the accession ofto the Austrian throne, began in 1740, but at first did not involve either ...
Louis XIV... return to the stage in 1659. He wrote the play Oedipe, which was favored by. In the next year, Corneille published Trois discours sur le poème dramat ...
Antwerp... Tyndale: the Pentateuch, and the book of Jonah. The publication appeared inand was partly financed by Jacobus van Meteren. In 1537, his translations ...
Dauphin... 2). As son of the King, he was a Fils de France, and as the eldest son, the. His father was the first Bourbon King of France, having succeeded his ni ...
Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin... re removed from Parthenon and other buildings on the Acropolis of Athens by, and are now part of the British Museum collection in London. In anticipa ...
Richard Attenborough'sIn 1969, Seymour appeared uncredited in her first film,Oh! What a Lovely War. In 1970, Seymour appeared in her first major film r ...
Henry III of England... ecclesiastical office. In the name of his fellow bishops he admonished Kingat Westminster, on 2 February 1234, to heed the example of his father, Kin ...
Queen Mary I... d-sixteenth century, among groups of English Protestant exiles fleeing from, some of the earliest anti-monarchist publications emerged. "Weaned off u ...
Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of NorfolkThe current Duke of Norfolk is, who succeeded his father, Miles Stapleton-Fitzalan-Howard, 17th Duke of ...
Lord Hill... in-Chief of the British Army on 15 August 1842 following the resignation of
Antwerp... tween Monschau and Losheimergraben, cross the Meuse River, and then capture. Kampfgruppe Peiper, named after and under the command of SS-Obersturmban ...
Daniel of Galicia... augas, along with the Samogitians of western Lithuania, the Livonian Order,(Tautvilas and Edivydas' brother-in-law), and Vasilko of Volhynia. The pri ...
Ferdinand IIIIn 1799, Kingcreated Bronte as a Duchy, and rewarded admiral Horatio Nelson with the ti ...
Earl Grey... on the Bank of England. This left King William IV no choice but to restoreto the premiership. Eventually the bill passed the House of Lords after th ...
Edward II of England... . It was now two years since an English army had come to Scotland, and Kinghad recently been on the verge of war with his barons after the murder of ...
Norman Foster... IC Centre for Contemporary Art, the venue for the Turner Prize 2011 and the-designed The Sage Gateshead music centre. The Newcastle and Gateshead Qua ...
Prince Rainier III... the Áras an Uachtaráin have been Princess Grace of Monaco and her husband,; King Baudouin of the Belgians; King Juan Carlos and Queen Sophia; Pope J ...
Edward Heath... e existing A3T missile. This decision was made official late in 1973 by theadministration, who changed the name from Super Antelope to Chevaline. The ...
Princess Leia Organa... ous themes associated with characters like Darth Vader, Luke Skywalker, and(see for more details)
Charles VI... d claimed the German territories of the Habsburg dynasty after the death ofin 1740. With the treaty of Nymphenburg concluded in July 1741, Charles Al ...
Marie AmalieOn 5 October 1722, Charles married, Archduchess of Austria. Marie Amalie was a daughter of Joseph I, Holy Ro ...
PeléWaiting for the ball was, who had arrived at speed and with perfect timing. He leapt hard at the b ...
Charles VIn 1520united the twenty-four hamlets of the surrounding area, which formed the t ...
Meinhard II... rol and Gorizia, but for a time the Duchy of Carinthia. At the end of count's rule (1259–1295) the "county and reign of Tyrol" had established itself ...
Duke of Wellington... g Mr Lamb (a role first offered to Timothy Dalton), Laurence Olivier as the, Richard Chamberlain as Byron, and Ralph Richardson as King George IV. Th ...
Bob Hope... n downtown Stockton, is one of several movie palaces in the Central Valley.often came to Stockton to visit close friend and billionaire tycoon Alex S ...
John D. Rockefeller... June 24, 1922), American financier, was a co-founder with his older brotherof the prominent United States Rockefeller family. He was the son of Willi ...
Princess Grace of Monaco... of Irish descent. Other famous visitors to the Áras an Uachtaráin have beenand her husband, Prince Rainier III; King Baudouin of the Belgians; King J ...
Ian Macpherson... ). Rather than court-martial Sassoon, the Under-Secretary of State for War,decided that he was unfit for service and had him sent to Craiglockhart Wa ...
Harry... xtended royal family. In their grief, Diana's two sons, Princes William and, wanted to attend church, and so their grandparents took them that mornin ...
Peter... ration" (Ínclita Geração): Edward, the future king, was a poet and a writer;, the Duke of Coimbra, was one of the most learned princes of his time; a ...
Edward I... of Chelsea (Chelsey), Kensington (Kensing town) and Charing. In the time of, the manor of Knightsbridge appertained to the abbey of Westminster. It w ...
Alexander I... eteran, Prince Mikhail Kutuzov, was made the new Commander-in-Chief by Tsar. Finally, the two armies engaged in the Battle of Borodino on 7 September ...
Catherine of Aragon... later found it expedient and profitable to break with the Papacy. His wife,, bore him only a single child that survived infancy, Mary. As England had ...
King Edward VIIIIn 1920, the Prince of Wales (the future) visited the area. Impressed by what he saw, he recommended the place in ...
St Louis... rchbishops, the two generals of the Carthusians and Cistercians, the king (), and three of his sons, the queen mother, Baldwin, count of Flanders and ...
Anthony Eden... ion of the Home Guard (initially as the Local Defence Volunteers) following's broadcast appeal to the Nation on Tuesday 14 May 1940 also created furt ...
Bernard Delfont... he Knickerbocker Hotel as a subterfuge for a business meeting with producer, the doors opened to their suite #205, flooding the room with light and t ...
George V... British monarchs stayed at the Viceregal Lodge, notably Queen Victoria and. American presidents hosted here include Presidents John F. Kennedy, Rich ...
1st Duke of ArgyllA close relative of the Clan Campbell (his mother was a daughter of the), Bute succeeded to the Earldom of Bute (named after the Isle of Bute) up ...
Francis of Lorraine... ign of the Bavarian Elector as Emperor Charles VII, Maria Theresa's husband, Grand Duke of Tuscany, was elected Emperor, restoring control of that po ...
Burghley... y on the morning of 6 April. There is some evidence that the Lord Treasurerendeavoured to save their lives, and was frustrated by Whitgift and other ...
George Reid... known as the "three elevens". When the Deakin government resigned in 1904,of the Free Trade Party declined to take office, resulting in Labour takin ...
Simon de MontfortIn 1248,was appointed Governor in the unsettled Duchy of Gascony. Bitter complaint ...
Henry VI... ated the Lancastrians in a succession of battles. And while the Lancastrianand Queen Margaret of Anjou were campaigning in the north of England, Warw ...
George Clifford... rancis Drake in 1595 (in what is known as the Battle of Puerto Rico) and by, Earl of Cumberland, in 1598. Artillery from San Juan's fort, El Morro, r ...
Napoleon III... was then nicknamed the European summer capital and reached its zenith underduring the 1850s and 1860s. The Russian writer, Dostoevsky, wrote The Gamb ...
George IV... e of Wellington, Richard Chamberlain as Byron, and Ralph Richardson as King. The film is also notable because it is the last film in which Michael Wi ...
Richard Duke of Gloucester... te by an Act of Parliament of 1483 known as Titulus Regius, and their unclewas crowned as Richard III. There are reports of the two princes being see ...
Fulke Greville... es Elroy Flecker – Thomas Ford – Roy Fuller – Robert Graves – Thomas Gray –– Heath – Reginald Heber – Felicia Dorothea Hemans – W. E. Henley – George ...
Godfrey of Bouillon... os successfully defended the walls of Constantinople against the attacks ofduring the First Crusade (1097); conducted the peace negotiations between ...
Ferdinand II... tion was therefore to support the Catholic Holy Roman Emperor, the Habsburg
Henry III... eigneurs of the nobility and the contending factions in the great communes.yielded to the outcry and instituted a formal inquiry into Simon's adminis ...
Bertrand Russell... s traveled abroad, visiting Europe and meeting working philosophers such asand members of the Vienna Circle like Rudolf Carnap, Otto Neurath, and Mor ...
Henry II... ddle Ages, Newcastle was England's northern fortress. Incorporated first by, a new charter was granted by Elizabeth in 1589. A high stone wall was bu ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... Cold War. Participants at the conference included Churchill, U.S. Presidentand French Premier Joseph Laniel. In 1957, a second summit conference was ...
Stanisław Leszczyński... f the Poland between Augustus of Saxony, the previous King's elder son, and. Austria supported the former, France the latter; thus, a war broke out. ...
Thatcher... the system has been through phases of evolutionary change. The Conservativeadministrations attempted to bring competition into the NHS by developing ...
George Villiers, 2nd Duke of BuckinghamImage:2ndDukeOfBuckingham.jpg|(1628-1687)
John of Lancaster... Duke Humphrey of Gloucester, at Greenwich in the 1430s, as well by his son,at Fulbrook. The Pleasance was eventually dismantled by Henry VIII and par ...
Henry VI... it is an honorary title and a royal style. The Dukedom became extinct after, as the original charter restricted it to 'heirs male'. Despite this, app ...
Bobby Charlton... e Busby Babes whom Banks had faced as an adolescent. Banks failed to hold ashot from distance which gave a chance to David Herd. After that things go ...
Frederick II of Prussia... ught Austria by a series of battles in 1743 and 1744. The new alliance withduring the Second Silesian War finally forced the Austrian army to leave B ...
Gaston, Duke of OrléansOn two occasions the King's younger brother,had to leave France for conspiring against the King's government, and for ...
Lord Elgin... s during the Rebellions of 1837-1838 in Lower-Canada. The Governor General,, had serious misgivings about the bill but nonetheless assented to it des ...
Queen Mary... built 1906-14 to the design by J.J. Burnet, and opened by King George V andin 1914. They now house the Museum's collections of Prints and Drawings an ...
Thomas Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford of ChudleighImage:1stLordClifford.jpg|(1630-1673)
James I of England... piritual matters. The theory came to the fore in England under the reign of(1603–1625, also James VI of Scotland 1567–1625). Louis XIV of France (164 ...
Edward... ascony, pursuing a policy of conciliation; he arranged the marriage between, his 14 year old son, and Eleanor of Castile, daughter of Alfonso X. Alfo ...
Lord Byron... y carefully analyzed the whole" of the latter text. D'Israeli also mentions's (1788–1824) praise for Piers Plowman
Wonder Woman... eries. Frank Miller's revamp of Batman with , George Pérez's relaunching ofin Gods and Mortals, and John Byrne's reboot of Superman in The Man of Ste ...
Lord Ashcombe... to the 84-year old mayor, Mr. R.M. Chart, by the Lord Lieutenant of Surrey,
Frederick I BarbarossaThe Hohenstaufen Emperorcreated a Reichsvogtei (roughly "Imperial Bailiwick"), and in 1180 put Wet ...
John Maitland, 1st Duke of LauderdaleImage:John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale by Jacob Huysmans.jpg|(1616-1682)
Marie Antoinette... sh spies, they visited Paris, meeting Benjamin Franklin, General Lafayette,and Louis XVI, and joined the French court at Fontainebleau
Cardinal Richelieu... nt, and for attempting to undermine the influence of both his mother and of. After waging an unsuccessful war in Languedoc, he took refuge in Flander ...
Henry of Monmouth, Prince of WalesThe third creation was on 10 November 1399, for, eldest son of the new king. In 1413, the 1st Duke ascended the throne as ...
Henry VIII... ongside population growth, inflation was a major reason for enclosure. Whenbecame King in 1509, the royal finances were in good shape thanks to the p ...
John J. Pershing... isenhower served with an unprecedented succession of generals – Fox Conner,, Douglas MacArthur and George Marshall. He first became executive officer ...
Henrietta Maria... spy) to appear before Parliament. Arturo discovers that she is Enrichetta (), widow of the executed King Charles I. Elvira appears singing a joyful p ...
Henry Fitzalan-Howard, Earl of Arundel... d as a courtesy title by the Duke's eldest son, the present one of which is. The style Lord Maltravers is used as a courtesy title by the eldest son ...
Jeff RookerWhile in opposition, he co-ordinated tactics with government backbenchersand Audrey Wise to secure legislation providing for the automatic indexati ...
Louis XIV of France... ign of James I of England (1603–1625, also James VI of Scotland 1567–1625).(1643–1715), though Catholic, strongly promoted the theory as well
Bohemond I of Antioch... Crusade (1097); conducted the peace negotiations between Alexios and Prince(the Treaty of Devol, 1108); and played an important part in the defeat of ...
Charles the Bold... oyed an extremely refined court culture in his lands; she was the mother of
Manfred von Richthofen... both sides. The Red Baron of the title is the historical ace fighter pilot, who in this altered history leads a squadron of monstrous flying vampire ...
Anne Boleyn... ieval period Roger of Wendover was, as the name suggests, from Wendover andalso owned property in the same town. It is said that King Henry VIII made ...
Blanche of Lancaster... Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and. From that marriage were born several famous princes and princesses of Po ...
Emperor Meiji... most famous such incident was his refusal to bow deeply to the portrait ofand the Imperial Rescript on Education in the formal ceremony held at the ...
Marquis de Sade... r of Crash). The word "sadistic" is derived from the cruel sexual practicesdescribed in his novels. Kurt Vonnegut's Cat's Cradle was the container of ...
Henry IVIn order to continue the exploration efforts of his predecessor, Louis XIII considered a colonial venture in Morocco, and sent a fleet un ...
John Major... principal editorial cartoonist. One of Bell's most famous caricatures is ofas a dire superhero wearing his Y-fronts on the outside of his clothes, in ...
Henry VI... hey did not secure their independence nor become "abbeys" till the reign of. The Cluniac revival, with all its brilliancy, was but short-lived. The c ...
Charles the Bold... ing with the astonishing battlefield victories of the Swiss cantons againstof Burgundy in the Burgundian Wars, in which the Swiss participated in 147 ...
Edward VI... tion (and therefore enclosures) until the Duke of Somerset was Protector of. Until then enclosures were seen as the cause of inflation, not the outco ...
Shah of Iran... traits of Jagger in 1975. One of these was owned by Farah Diba, wife of the. It hung on a wall inside the royal palace in Teheran. In 1967, Cecil Bea ...
George II... nglish merchant captain Robert Jenkins and told him to take it to his king,) broke out in 1739 between Spain and Great Britain, but was confined to t ...
Roger de Beaumont... wer may have been part of the original design. Clinton was a local rival to, the Earl of Warwick and owner of the neighbouring Warwick Castle, and th ...
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld... n 2 September 1967 in Saint Jacob's Church in The Hague. His godparents are, Prince Ferdinand von Bismarck, Prime Minister Jelle Zijlstra, and Queen
Alexander I... n and many soldiers of allies or subject areas). He aimed to compel Emperorto remain in the Continental System and to remove the imminent threat of a ...
Walter ScottIn the early 19th century,wrote of Wallace in , and Jane Porter penned a romantic version of the Wal ...
Duchy of Parma... the Kingdom of Naples to Don Carlos of Spain, in exchange for the minuscule
The Prince of Wales... was made a Knight Bachelor for services to music, as Sir Michael Jagger by. Mick Jagger's knighthood received mixed reactions. Some fans were disapp ...
Margaret Thatcher... dy of Superman. Bell also claims to be the first cartoonist to have spotted's mad left eye, as well as the fact that Tony Blair shares this unusual f ...
Charles Beauclerk, 2nd Duke of St Albans... 2 February 1761, Lady Diana Beauclerk (c. 1735-28 March 1766), daughter of. His wife died in childbirth, the child stillborn. He married secondly, o ...
Sigismund II Augustus... llern with the Prussian dukedom. So he tried for gaining his brother-in-lawof Poland and finally succeeded, including the then usual expenses
King George V... ucted, these were built 1906-14 to the design by J.J. Burnet, and opened byand Queen Mary in 1914. They now house the Museum's collections of Prints ...
Henry VIII... ce. Be that as it may, there has been an inn on the site since the reign of, and it is certainly one of the most famous public houses in London. It i ...
Rudolph I... ad already died, in Italy in 1250) came to Wetzlar. When the rightful king,heard of this and came to Wetzlar, the city leaders seized Tile Kolup and ...
Lord Durham... neau in 1837, and the Upper Canada Rebellion led by William Lyon Mackenzie,was appointed governor general of British North America and had the task o ...
Lord Minto... f the Malay language as well as his wit and ability, gained him favour with, Governor-General of India, and he was sent to Malacca. Then, in 1811, af ...
William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham... was officially named the county seat. Although Chatham County is named for, Pittsboro is named for his son, William Pitt the Younger
Bertrand Russell... porates a now-familiar idea, the notion of a 'convergent infinite series.'"offered a "solution" to the paradoxes based on modern physics, but Brown c ...
Charles II... seventeenth century Guildhall, built shortly after the restoration of King, is supported by columns, to provide an open ground floor for the butter ...
Henry VII... the royal finances were in good shape thanks to the prudence of his father. But this soon changed as Henry VIII doubled household expenditure and st ...
Charles IVIn 1325, the land was confiscated bywhen Edward II of England, in his capacity as Duke of Aquitaine, failed to ...
Yermak... Kemerovo Oblast is Novokuznetsk, founded in 1618, soon after Cossack ataman's push into Siberia. Novokuznetsk is also the largest city in the oblast, ...
Duke of Somerset... e was not seen as a cause of inflation (and therefore enclosures) until thewas Protector of Edward VI. Until then enclosures were seen as the cause o ...
Harold Wilson... governments, both Labour and Conservative. This included the governments of, Edward Heath, Harold Wilson's second term and James Callaghan. The proje ...
Elector... al Albert of Hohenzollern (German: ) (28 June 1490 – 24 September 1545) wasand Archbishop of Mainz from 1514 to 1545, and Archbishop of Magdeburg fro ...
James Stillman... ockefeller married Elsie Stillman, daughter of National City Bank president, and they were the parents of James Stillman Rockefeller
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster... hn I married in Porto on 2 February 1387 Philippa of Lancaster, daughter ofand Blanche of Lancaster. From that marriage were born several famous prin ...
Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk... own to the right) was granted as an Augmentation of Honour by Henry VIII toto commemorate his victory at the Battle of Flodden Field. It is a modific ...
Sophia of Hanover... lement restricts the succession to the legitimate Protestant descendants of(1630–1714), a granddaughter of James I
George VIn 1911, the house underwent a large extension for the visit of Kingand Queen Mary. With the creation of the Irish Free State in 1922, the off ...
Guidobaldo II della Rovere... d (May, 1556). Those who escaped the Inquisition were received at Pesaro by, Duke of Urbino. Guidobaldo had hoped to have the Jews and conversos of T ...
Philip III of SpainOn 24 November 1615, Louis XIII married Anne of Austria, daughter of. This marriage followed a tradition of cementing military and political a ...
Edward Grey... Persia to German trade and technology. The ministers Alexander Izvolsky andagreed to resolve their long-standing conflicts in Asia in order to make a ...
Henry VII... usation against Richard III on the matter. The Bill of Attainder brought bymade no definitive mention of the Princes in the Tower, though author and ...
Marie-Louise... impregnable lines of Torres Vedras) and to besieged Cadiz. Napoleon married, an Austrian Archduchess, with the aim of ensuring a more stable alliance ...
Charles III of Spain... s father considered other possibilities (such as marrying her to the future) before announcing the engagement of the couple. France demanded that Mar ...
Alfonso II of Aragon... ueen of Aragon, and Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, produced a son,who inherited all their respective territories creating the Crown of Arago ...
Empress Alexandra of Russia... ists were able to confirm the identity of the remains of several members of's family, several decades after their 1918 massacre by the Bolsheviks. Pr ...
Charles Eugene, Duke of Württemberg... and the elevation of several members of the gentry to peers of the Empire.was declared full age ahead of time in 1744. Alexander Ferdinand, 3rd Prin ...
Counts of Holland... an artificial hill located near the current Rijksstraatweg, where once thewhere inaugurated. According to tradition, the Huldtoneel was used before ...
Mary... house underwent a large extension for the visit of King George V and Queen. With the creation of the Irish Free State in 1922, the office of Lord Li ...
his wife... ity as Duke of Aquitaine, failed to pay homage after a dispute. Edward sentand then his heir, to whom he had transferred the title, to sort out the m ...
Murat... were too great. Caffarelli's men halted the Russian assaults and permittedto send two cuirassier divisions (one commanded by d'Hautpoul and the othe ...
James I of Aragon... by Sancho II of Portugal, Alfonso IX of León, Ferdinand III of Castile and. The next twenty years saw a massive advance in the Christian reconquista ...
Marshal Bernadotte... rians at Wagram, on 5–6 July. (It was during the middle of that battle thatwas stripped of his command after retreating contrary to Napoleon's orders ...
Edward I... d. The Scots king William the Lion was imprisoned in Newcastle in 1174, andbrought the Stone of Scone and William Wallace south through the town. New ...
Christopher Chataway... a book supplying the answers to this sort of question might prove popular.recommended student twins Norris and Ross McWhirter, who had been running ...
Dwight D. EisenhowerInitially, the program lost audience from Swayze's program, and Presidentlet it be known that he was displeased by the switch. In the summer of 195 ...
King George V... s of the Manor. In the 20th century the hall hosted the Duke of York, later, with the Duchess of York, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (the Queen Mother) and a ...
Philip II of Spain... and Spain with Royal marriages. The tradition went back to the marriage ofwith the French Princess, Elisabeth of Valois. The marriage was only brief ...
Sigismund III Vasa... am, was successfully invested with the duchy in 1623 by the king of Poland,, thus the personal union Brandenburg-Prussia was confirmed. Many of the P ...
Henry VIII... the Succession", barred both Elizabeth and Mary, the remaining children of, from the throne, in favour of Lady Jane Grey.) Cecil resisted for a whil ...
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi... Shatt al-Arab. By the late 1960s, the build-up of Iranian power under Shah, who had gone on a gargantuan military spending spree, led Iran to take a ...
Frederick III, Elector of Saxony... Diet of Worms) because he was unexpectedly backed by German princes such aswho strongly objected to the Catholic Church meddling in their affairs and ...
Crown Prince Dan of Yan... and frequently harassed by soldiers. It was no match for the Qin state. Soplotted an assassination attempt to get rid of King Zheng, begging Jing Ke ...
Zwentibold... ent himself with a rump state. In 895 Arnulf appointed his illegitimate sonKing of Lotharingia. He ruled independently until he was overthrown and ki ...
King Arthur... fairies; its leaders also varied, but they included Gwydion, Gwynn ap Nudd,, Nuada, King Herla, Woden, the Devil and Herne the Hunter. Many legends a ...
Harold Macmillan... 1957, a second summit conference was held; this time British Prime Ministerarrived earlier than President Eisenhower, to make it clear that they were ...
Richard III... idence is ambiguous, and has led people to various conflicting conclusions.had eliminated the princes from the succession. However, his hold on the m ...
Charles the Bold... brésis to the states of Burgundy was made impossible by the sudden death ofin 1477. Louis XI immediately seized the opportunity to take control of Ca ...
Anna Pavlovna of Russia... King William II of the Netherlands and in turn named after his wife, Queen
Bob Hope... d as film performers), Groucho was scheduled to appear on a radio show with. Annoyed that he was made to wait in the waiting room for 40 minutes, Gro ...
Anna Komnene... ging qualities, gained the favour of Alexios I and the hand of his daughter, receiving the titles of Caesar and panhypersebastos (one of the new dign ...
Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March... hroughout its history people bribed the guards to help them escape. In 1322, was aided in his escape from the Tower by the Sub-Lieutenant of the Towe ...
Sir William Cecil... the north of Peterborough, near Stamford, was built and mostly designed by, later 1st Baron Burghley, who was Lord High Treasurer to Queen Elizabeth ...
Mary I... hat he had only signed the devise as a witness, but in his apology to Queen, he did not venture to allege so flimsy an excuse; he preferred to lay st ...
Henry the Fowler... t elect a replacement until 925, when under Gilbert's leadership they chose, the East Frankish king. In 930 Gilbert's decision was rewarded and he re ...
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld... therlands, and the first grandchild of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands and. From birth Willem-Alexander has the titles Prince of the Netherlands , P ...
Charles V... e was eagerly solicited by the partisans of Charles (afterwards the emperor) and by those of Francis I, King of France, and he appears to have receiv ...
James II... Barcelona (as Alfonso III) from 1327 to his death. He was the second son ofand Blanche of Anjou. His reign saw the incorporation of the County of Urg ...
Peter III of Russia... 761), Peter, the Grand Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, succeeded to the throne as, and Catherine became Empress Consort of Russia. The imperial couple move ...
John Maynard Keynes... ns and paper, with which Gramsci would write his Prison Notebooks), broughtto prudently invite Sraffa to the University of Cambridge, where he was in ...
John Dudley... s one of the few parts of the castle to remain intact. The stables built byin the 1550s also survive and lie along the east side of the base court. T ...
Emperor Ferdinand I... d of Austria, then a governor on behalf of his brother Charles V, and later
Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of SouthamptonOn the death of, whose administration he had attacked, his great ambition, the treasurers ...
Mary of Guise... ible by a revolution against French hegemony under the regime of the regent, who had governed Scotland in the name of her absent daughter Mary, Queen ...
Mary, Queen of Scots... Mary of Guise, who had governed Scotland in the name of her absent daughter(then also Queen of France)
Gebhard... e, most likely referring to wooden defences around the town). The Conradine, Count in the Wetterau, and as of 904 Duke of Lorraine, had a Church of t ...
Anne of AustriaOn 24 November 1615, Louis XIII married, daughter of Philip III of Spain. This marriage followed a tradition of c ...
Ion Iliescu... affected Romania or Bulgaria's chances for EU accession. Romanian Presidentcalled Chirac's remarks irrational, saying "such reproaches are totally un ...
Francis I... the partisans of Charles (afterwards the emperor Charles V) and by those of, King of France, and he appears to have received a large amount of money ...
Vaišvilkas... kavysk, and the Principality of Polotsk. In about 1239 he appointed his sonto govern these areas, then known as Black Ruthenia. In 1248, he sent his ...
Charles II... ng it unlikely that the skeletons belonged to the princes. On the orders ofthe remains were reburied in Westminster Abbey. In 1933, the grave was ope ...
John the Fearless... arts by Burgundy's possessions and John of Burgundy, an illegitimate son of, was made bishop. However what looked like an impending annexation of Cam ...
Emperor Wilhelm II... ied propaganda referred to Germans as the "Huns", based on a 1900 speech bypraising Attila the Hun's military prowess, according to the Glimpses of W ...
Edward Bruce, 10th Earl of ElginIn 1932 the Bannockburn Preservation Committee, underand Kincardine, presented lands to the National Trust for Scotland. Furthe ...
William II of the Netherlands... he Anna Paulownapolder, which was laid dry in 1846 during the reign of Kingand in turn named after his wife, Queen Anna Pavlovna of Russia
Juliana of the Netherlands... ands and Prince Claus of the Netherlands, and the first grandchild of Queenand Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld. From birth Willem-Alexander has ...
Stanisław Leszczyński... a Theresa's fiancé surrender his ancestral Duchy of Lorraine to accommodate, the deposed King of Poland. Maria Theresa's father compelled Francis to ...
Henry VIII of England... d was dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary. The abbey was dissolved by Kingin 1536 and sold to Sir Rice Mansel. At this time, only 12 monks were livi ...
Charles V... to Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, then a governor on behalf of his brother, and later Emperor Ferdinand I
John Buchan... itics, being favourably compared to contemporary version of both Sapper and. Goldfinger was serialised as a daily story and as a comic strip in the D ...
Blanche of Anjou... Alfonso III) from 1327 to his death. He was the second son of James II and. His reign saw the incorporation of the County of Urgell, Duchy of Athens ...
Archduke Charles... — Napoleon's first significant tactical defeat. But the Austrian commander,, failed to follow up on his indecisive victory, allowing Napoleon to prep ...
Edward VI... Lord Protector during the early years of the reign of his nephew, the young. Cecil accompanied Somerset on his Pinkie campaign of 1547 (part of the " ...
Rurik... along coastlines and along the major river valleys of north-western Europe.also expanded to the east and in 859 became ruler either by conquest or in ...
Anne BoleynHoward was the great-grandfather ofand Catherine Howard, the second and fifth Queens consort, respectively, o ...
Margaret ThatcherFinchley was from 1959 to 1992 the Parliamentary constituency of, British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990. Finchley is now covered by the ...
Archduke Ferdinand of Austria... ted by the First Congress of Vienna in 1515. His sister Anne was married to, then a governor on behalf of his brother Charles V, and later Emperor Fe ...
Duke of SomersetWilliam Cecil's early career was spent in the service of the(a brother of the late queen, Jane Seymour), who was Lord Protector during ...
AntwerpThe same year, he won the World Junior Chess Championship held at, Belgium, with the score of 14/16. Spassky competed for the Lokomotiv Vol ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... n the orders of allied leaders Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and, records were destroyed and the whole affair was kept secret for many yea ...
King Hussein... en and levied illegal taxes—all of which Arafat either condoned or ignored.considered this a growing threat to his kingdom's sovereignty and security ...
Grand Duke Constantine... Allies was confirmed by the decision to send in the Russian Imperial Guard;, Tsar Alexander's brother, commanded the Guard and counterattacked in Va ...
Prince of Orange... er his grandmother Juliana abdicated. He then received the hereditary title, as heir apparent to the throne of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, consis ...
John de Graham... these to crush the remaining resistance. The Scots lost many men, including. Wallace escaped, though his military reputation suffered badly
Sir Arthur Wellesley... sence the French situation in Spain deteriorated, and then became dire whenarrived to take charge of British-Portuguese forces
Faramir... ilbo's ring, and it also can be seen in the distance for a few seconds whentakes Frodo, Sam, and Gollum to Osgiliath in ) Jackson's version interpret ...
Bobby Charlton... gentina side 1–0 in the last eight, with Geoff Hurst scoring with a header.scored twice in the semi final against Portugal before a late penalty was ...
Edward I of England... ather Eric who raised the question again. Eric sent official ambassadors to, then in Gascony, in May 1289, with papers referring to Margaret as "Quee ...
Bertrand Russell... time, homosexual relations among the members were for a time common", wrote. One of Keynes's greatest loves was the artist Duncan Grant, whom he met ...
Fëanorian... Anfauglith, the Gasping Dust. Both Fingolfin, High-king of the Noldor, andNoldor led by Maedhros had maintained camps of cavalry on Ard-galen as a f ...
Maximilian I of Bavaria... came a member of the Confederation of the Rhine in 1806. Consequently, Kingintroduced far reaching economic, religious and administrative reforms. Wh ...
King Arthur... he ages been modified to accommodate other gods and folk heroes, among themand, more recently, in a Dartmoor folk legend, Sir Francis Drake. At Cadbu ...
Berthier... ved a number of initial victories against the thinly spread army of Marshal. Napoleon had left Berthier with only 170,000 men to defend France's enti ...
John Major... ct and misleading information given at the time Railtrack was created, whenwas Conservative . An increased offer of up to 262p per share was enough t ...
Maximilian I... s II was married to Mary of Habsburg, a Habsburg princess, granddaughter of, as stipulated by the First Congress of Vienna in 1515. His sister Anne w ...
Geoff Hurst... ued when England beat a physical Argentina side 1–0 in the last eight, withscoring with a header
Hugh Dalton... arpenden and the London School of Economics. His tutors at the LSE includedand Stephen Leacock. Horne was dissatisfied there, and through the generos ...
William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire... s largely re-built in the Gothic style during the mid-nineteenth century by
Winston ChurchillOn the orders of allied leaders Franklin D. Roosevelt,and Dwight D. Eisenhower, records were destroyed and the whole affair was ...
Edward III... he became dissatisfied with Richard's treatment of him. As a descendant of, through John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Thomas of Woodstock, 1s ...
Cardinal RichelieuLouis XIII, taciturn and suspicious, leaned heavily on his Prime Minister, to govern the Kingdom. They are remembered for the establishment of the ...
Baron Harkonnen... urned from Caladan with questionable intentions. The ego-memory of the evil, Jessica's secret father, seduces Alia from within, promising his help in ...
Andrew Carnegie... treet is the Category B listed handloom weavers' cottage, the birthplace ofwhich dates from the early 18th century. An adjacent memorial hall was add ...
Maximilian... ath Louis had been adopted by Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I in 1515. WhenI died in 1519, Louis was raised by his legal guardian, his cousin Georg v ...
Walter Scott... ques-François Ancelot and Joseph Xavier Saintine, which is in turn based on's novel Old Mortality. It was first produced at the Théâtre-Italien in Pa ...
Stanisław August Poniatowski... d on liaisons with Sergei Saltykov, Grigory Grigoryevich Orlov (1734–1783),, Alexander Vasilchikov, and others. She became friends with Princess Ekat ...
Francis II... ch, he died in March 1792. The French declared war on his inexperienced sona month later
Henry Tudor... rd's rival claimants; alternatively, he could have been acting on behalf of(later to become King Henry VII). On the other hand, if Buckingham were gu ...
Elisabeth of Valois... n went back to the marriage of Philip II of Spain with the French Princess,. The marriage was only briefly happy, and the King's duties often kept th ...
Philip V of Spain... to defend from foreign aggression than Sardinia. The treaty also recognised's son, Don Carlos, as the heir to the Duchy of Parma and Grand Duchy of T ...
Carl IIIThe town of Levanger was founded by, king of Sweden on 18 May 1836, on the site where the village of Levanger ...
Laurence Olivier... d the Last, a short play, was adapted as 21 Days, starring Vivien Leigh and
Andrew Carnegie... ry was the first in the world to be funded via donations by philanthropist,. A total of 2,811 free public libraries were eventually built altogether. ...
Maximilian I... hemia. Upon his father's death Louis had been adopted by Holy Roman Emperorin 1515. When Maximilian I died in 1519, Louis was raised by his legal gua ...
Archduke Charles'AfterAustrian army was defeated by Napoleon at the Battle of Wagram, the Armist ...
Henry III of England... . His family appears to have been well-off, but, during the stormy reign of, their property was despoiled and several members of the family were driv ...
Charles V... e Spanish governors began importing enslaved Africans as laborers. In 1517,authorized the draft of slaves. The Taíno people became virtually, but not ...
Marie Louise... 1835, Paganini returned to Parma, this time under the employ of Archduchessof Austria, Napoleon's second wife. He was in charge of reorganizing her c ...
Andrew Carnegie... h were opened on 28 June 1929. The gates which were named after the wife oflead up a to a bronze statue of Andrew Carnegie which was unveiled in 1914 ...
Sir Arthur Young... ) was also born in Portsmouth, Robert Styles, an FA Premier League Referee., policeman and police reformer was born in the area. Also famous people n ...
John J. Pershing... s assignments, it received a congratulatory letter for bravery from General. He was promoted to top sergeant and, after the war ended, arrived back i ...
John... justiciar was in February 1194, when he presided over a feudal judgement of, Richard's younger brother. After Richard's release from captivity, John, ...
Henry IV of FranceBorn at the Château de Fontainebleau, Louis XIII was the oldest child of(1553–1610) and Marie de' Medici (1575–1642). As son of the King, he was a ...
Adolphus Frederick... Mecklenburg-Schwerin. He had however to cope with the demands of his uncle, husband of Mary of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, the daughter of predeceased Duke ...
Queen Mary I... , Oxford and in 1560 was awarded his Bachelor's degree. During the reign of, Christ Church became a centre of Catholic support, and Harrison converte ...
Constantine I of Greece... s made large gains. On 22 September 1922, Philip's uncle, the reigning King, was forced to abdicate, and Prince Andrew, along with others, was arrest ...
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte... dent of France at 48, the third youngest president in French history, afterand Jean Casimir-Perier. He promised "change in continuity". He made clear ...
Nicholas II of Russia... ded more fuel to the already simmering Russian Revolution of 1905, an eventhad hoped to avoid entirely by taking intransigent negotiating stances pri ...
Robert Fitzwalter... response moved against him. In 1214, while the king was at Windsor Castle,led an army into London and laid siege to the Tower. Although under-garris ...
Louis Bonaparte... unst-Gallerij). In 1808 the museum moved to Amsterdam on the orders of king, brother of Napoleon Bonaparte. The paintings owned by that city, such as ...
Edward II of England... ition since Edward and Eric could arrange Margaret's marriage to the future, or some other if they chose, without reference to the Guardians. Accordi ...
Albert of Mecklenburg's... arms of Sweden in 1442. The national coat of arms is a combination of Kingcoat of arms of 1364 and King Magnus Birgersson's coat of arms of 1275, an ...
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor... his father Charles Albert aspired to an even higher rank. As son-in-law of, Charles Albert rejected the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 and claimed the G ...
Marie de' Medici... leau, Louis XIII was the oldest child of Henry IV of France (1553–1610) and(1575–1642). As son of the King, he was a Fils de France, and as the eldes ...
Jimmy Savile... n residents include Hamish MacInnes, inventor of the McInnes Stretcher, and, TV personality and a former Chieftain of the Lochaber Highland Games
Sir Bobby Robson... luding Kevin Keegan (who had also served the club as a player) and the late, who both also managed the England team
Louis William... French, who pillaged it in 1643 and left it in ashes in 1689. The margrave, popularly known as Türkenlouis, moved to Rastatt in 1705
James I... he remains of Queen Mary were later removed to Westminster Abbey by her sonwhen he became King of England
J. M. Barrie... sness; he had made a considerable reputation as a playwright (like his idol) on both sides of the Atlantic; he had produced a witty piece of detectiv ...
King George VTolworth has a King George's Field in memorial to, where Corinthian-Casuals F.C. (two semi-pro football teams that have sin ...
Andrew Carnegie... ere named after the wife of Andrew Carnegie lead up a to a bronze statue ofwhich was unveiled in 1914 to a crowd of 20,000
Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor... or after 995. By this marriage, he became the brother-in-law of the future. Giselle arrived at her husband's court accompanied by German knights
James Callaghan... governments of Harold Wilson, Edward Heath, Harold Wilson's second term and. The project was finally revealed by Margaret Thatcher's then defence min ...
Winston Churchill... cratic dynasties. Among the more famous descendants of the Marlboroughs areand Diana, Princess of Wales
Queen consortHe was succeeded by his son Croesus. His daughter Aryenis of Lydia wasof Astyages, King of Media
Agnes of Bohemia... y stationing" of Soviet army following the invasion ended in 1991. In 1989,became the first saint from a Central European country to be canonized by ...
William Cecil... Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland was Protector that his finance ministertook action on debasement to try to stop enclosure
Thomas... h acts of his life in marrying Mary Cheke. The only child of this marriage,, the future Earl of Exeter, was born in May 1542, and in February 1543 Ce ...
Diana, Princess of Wales... g the more famous descendants of the Marlboroughs are Winston Churchill and
Lannes... Guard and Bernadotte's I Corps were held in reserve while the V Corps underguarded the northern sector of the battlefield, where the new communicatio ...
Louis XIV... y (the "Ancients") against supporters of the literature from the century of(the "Moderns"). He was on the side of the Moderns and wrote Le Siècle de ...
Harold Wilson... Conservative. This included the governments of Harold Wilson, Edward Heath,'s second term and James Callaghan. The project was finally revealed by Ma ...
Prince Louis of BattenbergShortly after Philip's birth, his maternal grandfather,, died in London. Louis was a naturalised British citizen and, after long ...
Duchy of Brabant... hardt Jazz Festival - Di Rupo, Elio - Di Rupo I Government - Draining law -- Duchy of Limburg - Duchy of Limburg (1839–1867) - Dutch and Flemish Rena ...
Arthur Conan DoyleA more obvious influence on the early Poirot stories is that of. In An Autobiography Christie admits, "I was still writing in the Sherloc ...
Duchy of Parma... aty also recognised Philip V of Spain's son, Don Carlos, as the heir to theand Grand Duchy of Tuscany; Charles had prior endorsed the succession of t ...
Bertrand Russell... given time, just because it is not in motion in any instant of that time."offered what is known as the "at-at theory of motion". It agrees that ther ...
Edward Heath... th Labour and Conservative. This included the governments of Harold Wilson,, Harold Wilson's second term and James Callaghan. The project was finally ...
Benjamin Britten... eph Kerman described Tosca as a "shabby little shocker", while the composerdeclared that he was "sickened by the cheapness and emptiness" of Puccini' ...
Princess Alice of Battenberg... ly son and fifth and final child of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and. Philip's four elder sisters were Margarita, Theodora, Cecilie, and Sophi ...
Charles V, Holy Roman EmperorIn 1543 Cambrai was conquered by, and annexed to his already vast possessions. He had the medieval monaste ...
Andrew Carnegie... rk which forms the western boundary of the town centre is a park, gifted byin 1903. The park known locally as the Glen was created from the estate of ...
Elisa Baciocchi... nnexed by Napoleonic France, and the region was ceded to Napoleon's sister,. Paganini became a violinist for the Baciocchi court, while giving privat ...
Fils de France... (1553–1610) and Marie de' Medici (1575–1642). As son of the King, he was a, and as the eldest son, the Dauphin. His father was the first Bourbon Kin ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... s once bestowed in special circumstances, as with Franklin D. Roosevelt and, but this practice was officially discontinued in 1953
Joachim Murat... ari was wakened from its provincial somnolence by Napoleon's brother-in-law. As Napoleonic King of Naples, Murat ordered the building in 1808 of a ne ...
King George III's... e of Fort Condé to Fort Charlotte, after Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz,queen
Andrew CarnegieThebirthplace museum dedicated to his life and work is on the southern gatewa ...
Henry the Navigator... uke of Coimbra, was one of the most learned princes of his time; and Prince, the duke of Viseu, invested heavily in science and the development of na ...
Konrad I of MasoviaUpon the invitation of Duke, the Teutonic Knights took possession of Prussia in the 13th century and ...
Henry Tudor... reated to be spread in England as an excuse for the October 1483 attempt ofand Buckingham to seize the throne, making Henry and Buckingham other like ...
Henry III of France... er was the first Bourbon King of France, having succeeded his ninth cousin,(1574–1589), in application of Salic law. Louis XIII's paternal grandparen ...
Prince Friso of Orange-NassauHe has two younger brothers:, born in 1968, and Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands, born in 1969. H ...
Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany... ndôme and Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre; his maternal grandparents wereand Johanna, archduchess of Austria, and Eleonora de' Medici, his maternal ...
Margaret Thatcher... lson's second term and James Callaghan. The project was finally revealed by's then defence minister Francis Pym. The reasons for revelation were both ...
James Bryce... n T. Wegner, Hedvig Büll, Henry Morgenthau, Franz Werfel, Johannes Lepsius,, Anatole France, Giacomo Gorrini, Benedict XV, Fritjof Nansen, Fayez el H ...
Andrew Lloyd Webber... The Normal Heart, a project she has worked on since the mid-1990s In 2009,stated that Streisand was one of several actresses (alongside Meryl Streep ...
Lord Cobham... n was instituted as the rector of Radwinter in Essex, by the appointment of, who owned the right, and to whom he was also household chaplain. The liv ...
John Julius Norwich... ad a daughter, Allegra Huston, as the result of an extramarital affair with; Huston treated the girl as one of his own children following Soma's deat ...
William III of England... r fish." This land was located in the eastern segment of an tract that Kinggranted to Stephanus Van Cortlandt of New York City in 1697. The part of V ...
William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire... d heiress of the 4th Earl of Cork, Lady Charlotte Boyle (1731-1754) married, a future Prime Minister of Great Britain & Ireland. Their son, the 5th D ...
Mark W. Clark... m admitting to participating in germ warfare, United Nations commander Gen.denounced said: "Whether these statements ever passed the lips of these un ...
King Charles I... o discovers that she is Enrichetta (Henrietta Maria), widow of the executed. Elvira appears singing a joyful polonaise ("Son vergin vezzosa"), but dr ...
George Marshall... uccession of generals – Fox Conner, John J. Pershing, Douglas MacArthur and. He first became executive officer to General Conner in the Panama Canal ...
Bona Sforza... ged the castle, which she made her residence, 1499–1524. After the death of, Queen of Poland, Bari came to be included in the Kingdom of Naples and i ...
Henry VII... ted for himself, on Richard's orders, or in collusion with the Tudor party.(Henry Tudor) following his accession, proceeded to find a legal excuse to ...
Leopold II of Belgium... r husband Albert, Prince Consort, Empress Carlota of Mexico and her brother. These last two, Leopold and Carlota, were also first cousins of Ferdinan ...
Liudolf... e was Count Wichmann, mentioned as a Billung in 811. Oda, the wife of Count, oldest known member of the Liudolfing House, was also a Billung
Frederick William I, Elector of Brandenburg... e sole legal religion of France. In response to the Edict of Fontainebleau,declared the , giving free passage to Huguenot refugees, and tax-free stat ...
Philip IIIn 1561, Kingmade Madrid the capital of the empire. The surrounding territories became ...
Eleonora de' Medici... de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Johanna, archduchess of Austria, and, his maternal aunt, was his godmother
Henry II... ley. His efficiency in those posts led to Theobald recommending him to Kingfor the vacant post of Lord Chancellor, to which Becket was appointed in J ...
James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos... ars he worked alongside Handel - in 1717/18 both men were employed there by. (For more see Baker and Baker, ref. below
Peter II of AragonIn 1213, forces led by King, came to the aid of Toulouse. The force besieged Muret, but in September ...
John II of Portugal... pe the "Cape of Storms" (Cabo das Tormentas). It was later renamed (by King) the Cape of Good Hope (Cabo da Boa Esperança) because it represented the ...
Bernadotte's... tled upon a secondary line of retreat through Brunn. The Imperial Guard andI Corps were held in reserve while the V Corps under Lannes guarded the no ...
Vytautas the Great... assing references from Grand Duke Gediminas and was not mentioned at all by. His known family relations end with his children; no historic records no ...
Bob Hope... th regular appearances on coast-to-coast broadcasts starring Jimmy Durante,and
Tiedemann Giese... out their problems in navigation. Rheticus also visited Copernicus' friend,, who was Bishop of Culm (now Chełmno)
Duke MagnusThe house became extinct whendied in 1106 without sons; the family's property was divided between his t ...
Frederick II of Prussia... ich Count Lestocq, Peter's aunt (the ruling Russian Empress Elizabeth), andtook part. Lestocq and Frederick wanted to strengthen the friendship betwe ...
Franz Joseph... dinand I were forced to resign to be replaced by the emperor's young nephew. Separatist tendencies (especially in Lombardy and Hungary) were suppress ...
Pelé... ber of the England national team that won the 1966 World Cup. In March 2004listed Banks as one of the 125 greatest living footballers. His most famou ...
Richard B. MellonIn 1913, along with his brother,, he established a memorial for his father, the Mellon Institute of Indust ...
Christian IV of DenmarkEidsvoll Verk was opened to smelt iron ore by Kingin 1624, relying on the excellent water power from the Andelva river. In 1 ...
General Eisenhower... the U.S. Army Signal Corps and headed a film unit from 1943 to 1946, under. His unit shot footage documenting D-Day—including the only Allied Europe ...
Philip V... the region was not solved despite the several attempts. During the reign of, the intendencia was created as a policial and administrative division. N ...
Prince William... from William Congreve and John Arbuthnot. In 1727 he wrote for six year old, later the Duke of Cumberland, Fifty-one Fables in Verse, for which he na ...
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor... omnenos between 1155–1158. In 1246, Bari was sacked and razed to the ground;and King of Sicily, repaired the fortress of Baris but it was subsequentl ...
Franz Ferdinand... rife increased during the decades until 1914. The assassination of Archduke, who was the presumed heir of Franz Joseph as Emperor, in Sarajevo by a S ...
Robert Eden... its name from Lady Caroline Eden, wife of Maryland's last colonial governor. At the time of its creation, seven commissioners were appointed: Charles ...
Duke of Wellington... e Nations at Leipzig in 1813 and at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 with the
Léopold Clément's... ews reached Vienna that he had died of smallpox, which upset Maria Theresa.younger brother, Francis Stephen, was invited to Vienna, but Maria Theresa ...
Walter Raleigh... parable to those they might expect outside; one such example was that whilewas held in the Tower his rooms were altered to accommodate his family, in ...
Lord BeaverbrookOn 15 May the Minister of Aircraft Production,, ordered that resources should be concentrated on the production of five ...
Marie de' Medici... age of eight-and-a-half, upon the assassination of his father. His mother,, acted as Regent until Louis XIII came of age at thirteen. Marie maintain ...
William Pulteney... ously ill. His friends did not fail him at this juncture. He had patrons in, afterwards Earl of Bath, in the third Earl of Burlington, who constantly ...
Marshal Ney... s. Wellington's pursuit was frustrated by a series of reverses inflicted byin a much-lauded rear guard campaign
Bagration... . The Russian Imperial Guard was held in reserve while Russian troops underguarded the Allied right. Furthermore, the Russian Tsar rudely stripped th ...
Charles the First... its buildings were commandeered by the Royalists and used to house many of's court when Oxford was used as the Royalists' capital. This included the ...
Queen mother... ome of the crown's influence in Poitou, Blanche managed to keep the EnglishIsabelle, Countess of Angoulême and her second husband Hugh X of Lusignan ...
Joanna of CastileOn 21 June 1511, queenordered the creation of the Consulate of Bilbao. This would become the mos ...
Lyon Playfair... there in 1843. A new opportunity arose in 1845, when he became assistant toat the new Museum of Economic Geology in London, where he became a close f ...
Sir John Sinclair... nd as early as 1669 and was described in France in 1700. It was asserted byin his Husbandry of Scotland to have been introduced to Scotland around 17 ...
Titian... uable, and are chiefly copies of Mantegna, Albrecht Dürer, Parmigianino and. The most remarkable of his works are Mercury and Ignorance, the Deluge, ...
Francis Stephen... of smallpox, which upset Maria Theresa. Léopold Clément's younger brother,, was invited to Vienna, but Maria Theresa's father considered other possi ...
Teresa d'EntençaBy
Gian Galeazzo SforzaIsabella di Aragona, princess of Naples and widow of the Duke of Milan, enlarged the castle, which she made her residence, 1499–1524. After the ...
Countess of Huntingdon... ommunicated to audiences with clarity and passion. His patronization by thereflected this emphasis on practice
Hugh X of Lusignan... English Queen mother Isabelle, Countess of Angoulême and her second husbandfrom supporting the English side. Pierre Mauclerc did support the English ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... of American presidents include former Secretary of Agriculture to President, Ezra Taft Benson '26 and Rex E. Lee '60, who was United States Solicitor ...
Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of CherburyJames I’s ambassador to Paris,, who presented his credentials to Louis XIII in 1619, remarked on Louis’ ...
Robert Walpole... wing the death of her eldest daughter in 1733. Sarah lived to see her enemyfall in 1742, and in the same year attempted to improve her reputation by ...
Bertrand Russell... heir historical link with past wars, especially in Germany. Famous pacifistcriticizes nationalism for diminishing the individual's capacity to judge ...
Niels BohrA number of physicists began to advocate vitalism.was one of the first to suggest that special laws not found in inanimate m ...
Churchill... ght through 1940 and again in 1941, drew peak audiences of 16 million; onlywas more popular with listeners. But his talks were cancelled. It was thou ...
Richard III of EnglandHe was appointed Lord High Steward and walked in front of King, carrying the crown at his coronation. However, John was the eldest (alth ...
Prince Edward... Lewes in 1264 he was forced to sign the Mise of Lewes, under which his son,, was given over to the rebels as a hostage. Edward was taken back to Keni ...
Hugh de Morville... it was interpreted as a royal command, and four knights, Reginald fitzUrse,, William de Tracy, and Richard le Breton, set out to confront the Archbis ...
Charles II of Spain... in as Charles III following the death of its ruler, and Charles's relative,, in 1700. He married Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, by wh ...
Buffon... frequent visits to the home of a relation where he could borrow volumes of's massive Histoire Naturelle. All of these he read and re-read, retaining ...
Otto, Count of Ballenstedt... Duke of Bavaria, a member of the House of Welf; his daughter Eilika married, a member of the Ascanian House. As a consequence, for the following deca ...
Ilya Prigogine... onal chemical thermodynamics are either at equilibrium or near equilibrium.developed the thermodynamic treatment of open systems that are far from eq ...
Noël Brûlart de Sillery... e country. She mainly relied on Nicolas de Neufville, seigneur de Villeroy,, and Pierre Jeannin. Marie pursued a moderate policy, confirming the Edic ...
King Haakon... Norwegian troops prevented German parachute troops from capturing Norway's, Crown Prince, and Parliament while the Parliament was meeting to issue t ...
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel... its ruler, and Charles's relative, Charles II of Spain, in 1700. He married, by whom he had his two children: Maria Theresa, born 1717, the last Habs ...
Quintin HoggAnnouncing his support for right of return legislation in Britain, MPstated that, "All the great nations of the earth have what the Jews call a ...
Henry de Hastings... fort at the Battle of Evesham; the surviving rebels under the leadership of, Montfort's constable at Kenilworth, regrouped at the castle the followin ...
Princess Margriet... lhelmina went to Canada in 1943 to attend the christening of her grandchildon 29 June 1943 in Ottawa and stayed awhile with her family before returni ...
Winston Churchill... y the first eyewitness accounts of the Holocaust to the mostly disbelievingand Franklin D. Roosevelt. Before leaving, Karski was visited by two leade ...
Traidenis... ed during the next seven years. Stability did not return until the reign of, designated Grand Duke ca. 1270
Henry VIII... yed in 1538, during the Dissolution of the Monasteries, on orders from King. The king also destroyed Becket's bones and ordered that all mention of h ...
Alexander Haig... Red" China), and active defense of human rights. These nominations included, Chester Crocker, John Louis, and Lawrence Eagleburger, all of whom were ...
Queen Anne... seven inches in diameter, i.e. . It had been redefined during the reign of, in 1706, as 231 cubic inches exactly , which is the result of the earlie ...
Wonder Woman... well known for wearing 1950s style horn-rimmed glasses as Clark Kent, whilewears either round, Harold Lloyd style glasses or 1970s style bug-eye glas ...
Amras... Caranthir fled far south to Amon Ereb, where he and his brothers, Amrod and, allied with the Green Elves. While Maglor and Maedhros held Himring, sur ...
John Stuart, 1st Marquess of ButeIn the ensuing century Cardiff was at peace. In 1766,married into the Herbert family and was later created Baron Cardiff, and i ...
Princess Margaret of Prussia... e up her faith to become Russian Orthodox. The tsar then sent emissaries to, daughter of German Emperor Frederick III and sister of German Emperor Wi ...
Rinaldo d'Este... rival, Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor, in 1708 and annexed to Modena by Duke, the exiled male line becoming extinct in 1747
Henry... landowners, including churches and bishoprics. King Henry even sent his sonto live in Becket's household, it being the custom then for noble children ...
Margaret Thatcher... lano's departure the irony that his final issue was handed in the week thatwas forced out of office
Melvyn Bragg... fessor of Philosophy at the LSE and the University of California, hosted by
Amrod... r Gelion. Caranthir fled far south to Amon Ereb, where he and his brothers,and Amras, allied with the Green Elves. While Maglor and Maedhros held Him ...
Juliana... gn of 57 years and 286 days, Wilhelmina abdicated in favour of her daughter, because of advancing age and illness which had already caused two regenc ...
Duke of Richmond... t and was then appointed to serve as Chief Secretary for Ireland, under the. At the same time, he was made a privy counsellor
Simon de MontfortHenry III granted Kenilworth in 1244 to, Earl of Leicester, who later became a leader in the Second Barons' War ( ...
Lord Nelson... his fleet in the Battle of Trafalgar on 21 October (the British commander,, died in the battle). Napoleon would never again have the opportunity to ...
Joanna of CastilePhilip andhad six children
Lord Foster of Thames Bank... Deacon's were replaced with the flagship Thomas Deacon Academy, designed bywhich opened in September 2007
Edward IV of England... prowess on the field during the Battle of Towton, he won the admiration ofwho made him Constable of Norwich Castle, High Sheriff of Norfolk and Suff ...
King Constantine I... its territory and population. In the following years, the struggle betweenand charismatic Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos over the country's fo ...
Franz Joseph I of Austria... of his Catholic Austrian relatives, particularly that of his uncle, Emperor
George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven... l, living with his maternal grandmother at Kensington Palace and his uncle,, at Lynden Manor in Bray, Berkshire. In the next three years, his four si ...
Francis Bacon... as favoring free republics over monarchies . Machiavelli in turn influenced, Marchamont Needham , Harrington , John Milton , David Hume , and many ot ...
Crown Prince... oops prevented German parachute troops from capturing Norway's King Haakon,, and Parliament while the Parliament was meeting to issue the Elverum Aut ...
Dave Grohl... any rock drummers have cited Moon as an influence, including Neil Peart andThe Jam paid tribute to Moon on the second single from their third album, ...
Gediminas... is support as lukewarm. He received only passing references from Grand Dukeand was not mentioned at all by Vytautas the Great. His known family relat ...
Lew GradeOn the back of their success on stage and on screen, in 1961offered the duo a series for the London-based ITV station ATV. Entitled Tw ...
Franconia... urg-Prussia. The territories of the House of Hohenzollern were scattered in, Brandenburg, eastern Prussia and elsewhere
George I of Brieg... s high altar was moved to Wrocław Cathedral in 1951. Under the rule of Duke(d. 1521) and his widow Anna of Pomerania, the reformer Caspar Schwenckfel ...
Maria Feodorovna (Dagmar of Denmark)... nly at Princess Alix, safe in the knowledge that Alexander III and his wife, both vigorously anti-German, had no intention of permitting a match with ...
Louis V, Duke of Bavaria... authority in Bavaria; but three alone left issue, and of these the eldest,, also margrave of Brandenburg and count of Tyrol, died in 1361; followed ...
Laurence Olivier... pression. In Curtain (1991), Michael Korda's novel based on the marriage ofand Vivien Leigh, Gielgud becomes Philip Chagrin
Ebba Munck af Fulkila... of Wisborg (formerly Prince Oscar of Sweden, Duke of Gotland) and his wife. His grandfather was King Oscar II of Sweden
Robert Guiscard... re or less intact for over a millennium: at least until the sack of Rome byand his Normans in 1084, when neglect finally allowed debris to begin to a ...
William II... ds and Hendersons were killed by the Campbells acting on the orders of King. The village is not actually in Glencoe but occupies an area known as Car ...
John Crichton-Stuart, 2nd Marquess of ButeIn 1793,was born. He would spend his life building the Cardiff docks and would lat ...
Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria... operty was divided between his two daughters. His daughter Wulfhild married, a member of the House of Welf; his daughter Eilika married Otto, Count o ...
Hamilton Palace... milton, forming the hunting and pleasure grounds of the Dukes' former home,. Many features of this period remain in the park, including the Duke's Br ...
Manuel I of Portugal... rgaret of Austria. The succession thereby passed to Queen Isabella and King. She died in 1498, while giving birth to a son, the Infante Miguel, to wh ...
Hans Wiegel... ction polls showed losses for the VVD; the former VVD deputy Prime Ministerblamed a poor VVD campaign for this, caused by the heavily contested VVD l ...
Lord CurzonFollowing the partition of Bengal in 1905, which was a strategy set out byto weaken the nationalist movement, Tilak encouraged a boycott, regarded a ...
Francis Drake... to New Spain attracted the attention of English and Dutch pirates, such as, Henry Morgan and Thomas Cavendish, who called it “The Black Ship.” To pr ...
Winston Churchill... h parties, the guests at which included Charlie Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks,and a young John F. Kennedy. Upon visiting St. Donat's, George Bernard Sha ...
Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall... Howard of Wiggenhall, Norfolk and Alice Tendring; by whom he descended from, through his illegitimate daughter Joan of Cornwall
Talleyrand... onfident of his victory. In a letter written to Minister of Foreign Affairs, Napoleon requested Talleyrand not tell anyone about the upcoming battle ...
William IIIHenley suffered from both parties in the Civil War.on his march to London in 1688 rested here, at the nearby recently rebuilt ...
Sir Thomas Graham... d a column against the French centre, while other columns were commanded byand Rowland Hill and looped around the French right and left (this battle ...
Duchy of Brabant... ne became fragmented, causing the formation of the Duchy of Limburg and the, whose rulers retained the title Duke of Lothier (derived from "Lotharing ...
Anthony Eden... our). It had previously been a Conservative safe seat, including as its MP,a former British prime minister. At the 2005 general election, James Plask ...
Henry VIII... y took on powerful positions in government. An example of this was found in's England where his chief minister was Cardinal Wolsey. An even more prom ...
Arthur WellesleyAfter Light's demise, Lieutenant-Colonelarrived in Penang to co-ordinate the defences of the island. In 1800, Lieu ...
Laurence OlivierIn the late 1960s and early 1970s Baker was part of's National Theatre company, and had his first big film break in 1971 with ...
Andrew Carnegie... he former public library on Broadway was donated by Scottish philanthropistin 1906; Carnegie was made first freeman of the city on the day of the ope ...
Princess Anna of Prussia... Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, the Duchess of Cambridge, and HRH. Her family nicknamed the girl "Alicky" or "Sunny," a practice picked up ...
Isabel II... Letras (Liberal Arts) and Medicina (Medicine). In 1836, during the reign of, the University was moved to Madrid, where it took the name of Central Un ...
Henry III... a Carta, before it reverted to royal control early in the reign of his son,
Henry Clay Frick... d. Mellon was a member of the Duquesne Club. Along with his closest friendsand Philander Knox, also South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club members, Mell ...
Benito Mussolini... ercion by the paramilitary Blackshirts under the regime of Italian dictator. Dissidents and regime opponents were forced to ingest the oil in large a ...
Rowland Hill... French centre, while other columns were commanded by Sir Thomas Graham andand looped around the French right and left (this battle became the subjec ...
Arthur Conan Doyle... e first Scottish scientific surgeon. His great grandson was Joseph Bell whohas credited Sherlock Holmes as being loosely based on from Bell's observa ...
Robert Walpole... nce of Wales, for which she would pay a massive dowry of £100,000. However,, the First Lord of the Treasury (effectively the same as today's Prime Mi ...
John of Gaunt, 1st Earl of RichmondThe second creation was on 13 November 1362, for, who was both the 1st Duke's son-in-law and also fourth son of King Edwar ...
Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of OrrerySamuel Pepys saw a Henry V in 1664—but it was written by, not by Shakespeare. Shakespeare's play returned to the stage in 1723, in ...
Christian V of Denmark... ll preserved today. It was renamed Christiansfjell Fortress in 1685 by Kingduring his visit to Hammersberg Skanse on June 14. Although the fortress w ...
Henry VIII... t and New Street. To the west it included Bell Street and the Market Place., having granted the use of the titles "mayor" and "burgess", the town was ...
Henry VIII... me the Herbert family became the most powerful family in the area. In 1538,closed the Dominican and Franciscan friaries in Cardiff, the remains of wh ...
Alf Ramsey... World Cup in Chile, a new coach was appointed in former England right back. Ramsey demanded sole control of team and began looking towards the next ...
Alexander IIIThe reforms ofreplaced many of the traditional privileges of the German nobility with el ...
Giuseppe Peano... t demonstrated by Cantor in 1878, but it became more apparent in 1890, whenintroduced the space-filling curves, curved lines that twist and turn enou ...
Grand Duke's... uchy of Tuscany; Charles had prior endorsed the succession of the incumbentdaughter, Anna Maria Luisa, Electress Palatine
Earl Bathurst... of discipline caused an enraged Wellington to write in a famous dispatch to, "We have in the service the scum of the earth as common soldiers"
Rogge, Jacques... n - Retie - Rexism - Riemst - Rijkevorsel - Rivers of Belgium - Roeselare -- Rogier, Charles - Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cambrai - Roman Catholic ...
Norman Foster... Terminal 3, the world's 2nd largest airport terminal, designed by architect
Earl Granville... nd was first owned, surveyed, and mapped by William Churton (a surveyor for). Originally to be named Orange, it was named Corbin Town (for Francis Co ...
Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester... This collection continued to grow steadily, but when, between 1435 and 1437(brother of Henry V of England), donated a great collection of manuscripts ...
Henry the Lion... an be found in the town of Rerik (which still bears a Slavic name). In 1160conquered the region; afterwards German monks, peasants and traders arrive ...
Alfonso... rdinand I in turn gave the title of Prince of Girona to his first-born son,. The title is currently carried by Prince Felipe, Prince of Asturias, the ...
Laurence Olivier... e have been two major film adaptations. The first, directed by and starringin 1944, is a colourful and highly stylised version which begins in the Gl ...
Cesare Borgia... spered into the ears of some people that they were better off looking for athan a Parsifal, they did not believe their ears." Safranski argues that t ...
Duke of Hamilton... g this section of the gorge, although the area was once the preserve of the, forming the hunting and pleasure grounds of the Dukes' former home, Hami ...
John, Prince of AsturiasPhilip's sister Margaret married, only son of Ferdinand and Isabella and successor to the unified crowns o ...
William Lawrence Bragg... tempt to do so. They asked for, and received, permission to do so from bothand Wilkins. In order to construct their model of DNA, Watson and Crick ma ...
Henry II... was a busy port in the Middle Ages, and was declared a Staple port in 1327.travelled through Cardiff on his journey to Ireland and had a premonition ...
County of Flanders... u - Council of State (Belgium) - Countess of Flanders - Count of Flanders -- County of Loon - Le Coup de lune - Le Couronnement de Renart - Court of ...
John D. Rockefeller... mid 1920s, he was the third highest income tax payer in the US behind onlyand Henry Ford. During this period, while he served as Secretary of the U. ...
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-BiesterfeldShe also arranged the marriage of her daughter Juliana to, a German aristocrat. Although it was claimed that he was initially a sup ...
Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk... 36) and the former Lady Margaret de Mowbray (1388–1459), eldest daughter of(of the first creation) (1366–1399) and Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan (1366–1425 ...
Henry V of England... y, but when, between 1435 and 1437 Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (brother of), donated a great collection of manuscripts, the space was deemed insuffi ...
SavaryThe luring plan did not stop at that. On November 25, generalwas sent to the Allied headquarters at Olmutz in order to secretly examine ...
Duchy of Limburg... authority in Lower Lorraine became fragmented, causing the formation of theand the Duchy of Brabant, whose rulers retained the title Duke of Lothier ...
Henry the Lion... s desire to restore peace to Germany, persuaded Henry to give up Bavaria to, duke of Saxony and son of Henry the Proud. In return, Austria was elevat ...
Conrad II... t Hungary, but Stephen's troops forced them to retreat. Stephen and Emperorconcluded peace negotiations in 1031, and the territories between the Leit ...
Ferdinand I... of Aragon gave the title of Duke to his first-born son, John. In 1414, Kingin turn gave the title of Prince of Girona to his first-born son, Alfonso. ...
Constantine IIKing's dismissal of George Papandreou's centrist government in July 1965 promp ...
Henry of Grosmont, 4th Earl of LancasterThe first creation was on 6 March 1351, for, a great-grandson of Henry III; he was also 4th Earl of Leicester, 1st Ea ...
Morta... have come to prefer diplomacy. In the midst of these events Mindaugas' wifedied, and he took her sister, Daumantas' wife, as his own. In retaliation, ...
Shah of Iran... f a dozen royal families for Mardas, and had close contact with the deposed, who had moved to Mexico. The Shah was one of the first customers for the ...
Andrew Lloyd Webber... roductions of the same name, notably the 1925 film starring Lon Chaney; and's 1986 musical
Anna Maria Luisa, Electress Palatine... s had prior endorsed the succession of the incumbent Grand Duke's daughter,
King Oscar IIThe history of these arms is quite curious. When on 18 July 1891visited the city, a menu had to be printed. It was printed with a coat of ...
Pedro II... Black, Brazil opted for an abstract design instead of a portrait of Emperor, so that his image would be not be disfigured by a postmark. In 1845 some ...
Edward Elgar... ebussy quoted the anthem in the coda of his piano prelude, Feux d'artifice.quoted the opening of "La Marseillaise" in his choral work The Music Maker ...
Frederick the Great... for promotion to Major. Blücher sent in a rude letter of resignation, whichgranted in 1773: Der Rittmeister von Blücher kann sich zum Teufel scheren ...
Léopold Clément of Lorraine... e was raised early in her childhood. She was first engaged to be married to, who was supposed to come to Vienna and meet Maria Theresa in 1723. Inste ...
Prince George, Duke of Kent... to soldiers she spotted on the roads. In 1942, her youngest surviving son,, was killed in an air crash while on active service. Queen Mary finally r ...
Sophie of WürttembergKing William III had three sons with his first wife,. However, when Wilhelmina was born, William had already outlived two of t ...
Rowland Hill... ellington withdrew his army and, joined with the smaller corps commanded by, began to retreat to Portugal. Marshal Soult declined to attack
Raymond VII, Count of ToulouseIn 1229, she was responsible for the Treaty of Paris, in which, submitted to Louis. By it his daughter and heir Joan was forced to marry ...
Mozart... on (which included David Bowie and Mikhail Baryshnikov) to play the role ofin director Milos Forman's film version of Peter Shaffer's play Amadeus. I ...
Henry Herbert, 9th Earl of Pembroke... ed by William Kent; and the Doric Column of Victory in the park designed by, and finished by Roger Morris. The latter rose to a height of , complete ...
Nicholas Kaldor... idge capital controversy – winning the argument but not the battle. Much of’s work was based on the ideas of increasing returns to scale, path depend ...
General Charles Cornwallis... the American Revolution. Hillsborough served as a military base for Britishin late February 1781. The United States Constitution drafted in 1787 was ...
Duke of York and Albany... nglish conquered New Netherland and renamed it "New York" after the English, the future King James II. Stuyvesant and his council negotiated with the ...
Conradin... owerful prince in southern Germany. He served as the guardian of his nephewof Hohenstaufen, and after Conradin's execution in Italy in 1268, Louis an ...
Nicholas I of Russia... carried 14 passengers at 3 mph. It was successfully demonstrated to Emperoron the Neva River
Henry of Bolingbroke, 1st Duke of Hereford... ke of this creation died on 4 February 1399, the Dukedom passed to his son,. Later that same year, the new 2nd Duke usurped the throne of England fro ...
Henry... uring the revolt of 1173–74 he faced a significant uprising led by his son,, backed by the French crown. The conflict spread across England and Kenil ...
Blanche of Castile... in November and was succeeded by the child king Louis IX. But Queen regentallowed the crusade to continue under Humbert de Beaujeu. Labécède fell in ...
Prince Juan CarlosIn 1974, Mardas held an expensive party for the then Spanish heir,, which secured Mardas a contract. After the assassination of Admiral Carr ...
Anthony Eden... torcycle, a fact celebrated at the 1953 motorcycle show with a visit by Sirto the BSA stand. In 1953 the BSA Professional Cycling Team was managed by ...
Richard III of England... t Howard Duke of Norfolk. He was a close friend and loyal supporter of Kingwith whom he died in combat at the Battle of Bosworth Field
Robert Runcie... with a Primate, is a humorous account of his journeys with his former boss,
Henry IV of FranceThe Edict of Nantes, issued on 13 April 1598, by, granted the Calvinist Protestants of France (also known as Huguenots) su ...
Edward I... ck to the 1260s when Walter de Merton, chancellor to Henry III and later to, first drew up statutes for an independent academic community and establi ...
Count of Flanders... nberg group - Cougnou - Council of State (Belgium) - Countess of Flanders -- County of Flanders - County of Loon - Le Coup de lune - Le Couronnement ...
Prince of WalesIn 1920, the(the future King Edward VIII) visited the area. Impressed by what he saw, ...
Richard II... . Later that same year, the new 2nd Duke usurped the throne of England from, ascending the throne as Henry IV, at which point the Dukedom merged in t ...
Louis XVI... igning of the Edict of Versailles, also known as the Edict of Tolerance, by102 years later, on 7 November 1787. This edict was enacted by parlement t ...
Berthold, Margrave of Baden... ving school fees" because it was owned by the family of his brother-in-law,. With the rise of Nazism in Germany, Salem's Jewish founder, Kurt Hahn, f ...
Murat's... s to contain the French at Vienna, and instructed the Allied Army to acceptceasefire proposal so that the allied army could have more time to retreat ...
Bruno the GreatIn 959 the Lotharingian dukedivided the duchy between Lotharingia superior (Upper Lorraine) and Lothar ...
Henry VII of England... , forcing them on shore near Melcombe Regis. The couple stayed as guests ofbut were in fact hostages for the duration of their stay. In order to get ...
Cornelius Vanderbilt... gton Street between Salina and Warren Streets which was named for Commodore, a railroad magnate and millionaire whose New York Central Railroad "domi ...
Henry III... dation can be traced back to the 1260s when Walter de Merton, chancellor toand later to Edward I, first drew up statutes for an independent academic ...
El Cid... II). Ferdinand was prepared to pay, but one of his vassals, later known as, who in reality was a youth during Ferdinand's reign, declared a war on t ...
Richard IHenry's successor,, paid relatively little attention to Kenilworth but under King John signi ...
Lord Castlereagh... toration, but he was eventually brought around by British Foreign Secretaryto the last position. Napoleon abdicated on April 3, 1814, and Louis XVIII ...
Anne BoleynAmong those held and executed at the Tower was. Although the Yeoman Warders were once the Royal Bodyguard, by the 16th a ...
Countess of Flanders... Pieter Goethals - Coudenberg group - Cougnou - Council of State (Belgium) -- Count of Flanders - County of Flanders - County of Loon - Le Coup de lun ...
Henry II... rs of the Anarchy (1135–54), delayed any further development of the castle.succeeded to the throne at the end of the Anarchy but during the revolt of ...
Henry VI... own of Henley. The existing Corpus Christi fair was granted by a charter of
William Ernest, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach... ime period, Wilhelmina's heir presumptive was her first cousin once removed, and next in line was his aunt (and Wilhelmina's cousin) Princess Marie A ...
Frederick the GreatDuring the lifetime of, Blücher was unable to return to the army, but after the king's death in ...
Mary Somerset, Duchess of Beaufort... t, she decided to live at Badminton House, Gloucestershire, with her niece,, the daughter of her brother, Lord Cambridge. Her personal belongings wer ...
Ferdinand I... in the Revolutions of 1848. Metternich and the mentally handicapped Emperorwere forced to resign to be replaced by the emperor's young nephew Franz J ...
Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin... enthroned on 6 September 1898. On 7 February 1901 in The Hague, she married
Augustus of Saxony... 733–1738), which started as a dispute over the throne of the Poland between, the previous King's elder son, and Stanisław Leszczyński. Austria suppor ...
Ferdinand II of Aragon... ost other kingdoms in Spain since the marriage of Isabella I of Castile andat the end of the 15th century, and this union was progressively consolida ...
Robert II, Duke of Normandy... called Pons Aelius, though it owes its name to the castle built in 1080, by, the eldest son of William the Conqueror. The city grew as an important c ...
Agnes of Merania... and castles to Philip Hurepel, son of Philip II and his controversial wife. Still, Blanche had to break up a league of the barons (1226), and helped ...
Jervis... the Napoleonic Wars. Protected by naval supremacy (in the words of Admiralto the House of Lords "I do not say, my Lords, that the French will not co ...
Fëanor... by the Elves of Valinor in the Uttermost West, by the Noldor and maybe evenhimself. Many palantíri were made, but the number is not known. Some had p ...
King Edward III... of Richmond, who was both the 1st Duke's son-in-law and also fourth son of. John had married Blanche of Lancaster, 6th Countess of Lancaster, daught ...
Eleanor of AquitaineHis 1152 marriage toallowed the future Henry II to gain control of his new wife's possessions ...
Stanisław August Poniatowski... the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ruled by Catherine's former lover, king, was eventually partitioned, with the Russian Empire gaining the largest ...
Count of WisborgFolke Bernadotte,(in Swedish: Greve af Wisborg; 2 January 1895 – 17 September 1948) was a S ...
Frederick II of Prussia... devastated several times during the Thirty Years' War and conquered by Kingin 1742. In 1871 it was connected by rail to Liegnitz and Glogau. During W ...
Henry III of England... muster an army to protect Capetian interests against rebellious nobles and. One of the barons tried to kidnap Louis. He took refuge in a castle and ...
John... rded that King Henry II "had bought land for the making of buildings". Kinggranted the manor of Benson and the town and manor of Henley to Robert Har ...
Blanche of Lancaster, 6th Countess of Lancaster... Duke's son-in-law and also fourth son of King Edward III. John had married, daughter of the 1st Duke of the first creation. When John of Gaunt, the ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... stinguished Flying Cross, and he was awarded the Harmon Trophy by President
Alexander I... to await reinforcements and to link up with surviving Austrian units. Tsarthen appointed general Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov to the commander-in-c ...
John II of Portugal... d sailing-master of the man-of-war, São Cristóvão (Saint Christopher). Kingappointed him, on 10 October 1487, to head an expedition to sail around th ...
King Henry II... first record of medieval settlement dates to 1179, when it is recorded that"had bought land for the making of buildings". King John granted the manor ...
William II Sánchez of Gascony... helped the political disintegration of the Duchy until their defeat againstin 982. In turn, the weakened ethnic polity known as Duchy of Wasconia/Was ...
Isabella I of Castile... c union with Castile and most other kingdoms in Spain since the marriage ofand Ferdinand II of Aragon at the end of the 15th century, and this union ...
Eleanor of Castile... iliation; he arranged the marriage between Edward, his 14 year old son, and, daughter of Alfonso X. Alfonso renounced all claims to Gascony and assis ...
Empress Carlota of Mexico... also a first cousin to Queen Victoria, her husband Albert, Prince Consort,and her brother Leopold II of Belgium. These last two, Leopold and Carlota ...
Archduke Charles, brother of the Austrian Emperor, had started to reform the Austrian army ...
Duke of Wellington... inaries from the government and industry, including the Prime Minister, the. The day started with a procession of eight trains setting out from Liver ...
Francis I... ine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano - sailing in service of the French king- was the first European to visit the area that would become New York City ...
Count Ansúrez... the old city is the 16th-century Plaza Mayor, presided over by a statue offrom 1903. On one side of it stands the City Hall, an eclectic building da ...
Laurence OlivierThe play's ambiguity has led to diverse interpretations in performance.'s 1944 film, made during the Second World War, emphasises the patriotic s ...
Henry II... rnal politics Stephen I allied himself with his brother-in-law, the Emperoragainst Prince Boleslaw I of Poland, who had extended his rule over the te ...
Prince Alexander... a was born, William had already outlived two of them and only the childlessand the King's uncle Prince Frederick of the Netherlands were alive, so un ...
Philip II of SavoyPico fled to France in 1488, where he was arrested by, at the demand of the papal nuncios, and imprisoned at Vincennes. Through ...
Walter Raleigh... Queen Elizabeth I made at least five visits to the area. John Donne and Siralso had residences here in this era. It was at this time that Mitcham bec ...
Winston Churchill... ran Conference, during a ceremony to receive the "Sword of Stalingrad" from, he took the sword from Stalin but then allowed the sword to fall from it ...
Alexander Suvorov... temkin. Assisted by highly successful generals such as Pyotr Rumyantsev and, and admirals such as Fyodor Ushakov, she governed at a time when the Rus ...
James Callaghan... ent over its cost and whether it was necessary. The outgoing Prime Ministermade his government's papers on Trident available to Margaret Thatcher's n ...
Arnulf I... nt of the language and of the customs of the locals. The count of Flanders,, received him with honour and lodged him in the Abbey of Mont Blandin, ne ...
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex... n Spain and Ireland. The Chorus directly refers to the military triumphs of, in the fifth act. Henry V himself is sometimes seen as an ambivalent rep ...
Ferdinand II of AragonThe dynastic union of Castile and Aragon in 1479, whenwed Isabella I of Castile, led to the formal creation of Spain as a single ...
Ivan IV of Russia... likii Kniaz of Muscovy appeared as the Grand Duke for "all of Russia" untilin 1547 was crowned as tsar
Filippo Maria Visconti... rtire (St. Peter Martyr) was built, with the adjacent Dominican convent, byin 1445. In the last years of Visconti domination it sustained a siege by ...
Duke of Wellington... n the Big Finish Productions Doctor Who audio play Other Lives, playing the
3rd Duke of BridgewaterBrindley's reputation brought him to the attention of thewho was looking for a way to improve the transport of coal from his coal m ...
John Profumo... hree Privy Counsellors to resign in the twentieth century (the others being, who resigned on 26 June 1963, and John Stonehouse, who resigned on 17 Au ...
Oscar II of Sweden... ke of Gotland) and his wife Ebba Munck af Fulkila. His grandfather was King
Sir Francis Drake... roes, among them King Arthur and, more recently, in a Dartmoor folk legend,. At Cadbury Castle in Somerset an old lane near the castle was called Kin ...
Charles Manners-Sutton... the Lord Chancellor Henry Brougham and the Speaker of the House of Commons
Leopold I... , Ferdinand was a grandnephew of Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and of, first king of the Belgians. His father Augustus was a brother of Ferdina ...
George I of Great Britain... (the great grandson of James I through his mother Sophia of Hanover), King
Edward IAll past and present dukes have been descended from; see Dukes of Norfolk family tree
Isabella I of Castile... nastic union of Castile and Aragon in 1479, when Ferdinand II of Aragon wed, led to the formal creation of Spain as a single entity in 1516. See List ...
Lord Castlereagh'sHe was appointed ambassador to France, then tookplace as first plenipotentiary to the Congress of Vienna, where he strongl ...
Richard B. Mellon... rn Ireland; his mother was Sarah Jane Negley Mellon. He was also brother of. He was educated at the Western University of Pennsylvania (now the Unive ...
Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick... d when Henry VI was captured at the Battle of Northampton. With the help of(nicknamed "the Kingmaker") Henry recaptured the throne for a short time i ...
Clement Attlee... ustry (then state-owned since nationalisation by the post-war government of) over the closure of pits whose uneconomic operation accounted for the co ...
Cardinal Richelieu... rought more attention to Corneille. He was selected to write verses for the’s visit to Rouen. The Cardinal took notice of Corneille and selected him ...
Franz Joseph I of Austria... printed with a variety of colored inks ranging from sepia, blue, and green.was the first person to purchase Das Werk Gustav Klimts in 1908
Maria Feodorovna... nd a note from Pope Leo XIII. Because of support from Russian tsarist widowand other donations, his financial situation improved remarkably
Stanisław August Poniatowski... ovember 25 of that year that the last Polish king and Lithuanian grand dukeabdicated. In the Russian Empire, the city continued to serve its role as ...
Henry IIAfter the death of( 3 July 1024), Stephen broke with the German alliance, because the new Ho ...
King William III... born on 31 August 1880 in The Hague, Netherlands. She was the only child ofand his second wife, Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont. Her childhood was charac ...
Prince of OrangeWilliam(afterwards King William III) landed in Brixham on 5 November 1688, during ...
Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool... s. William Robertson and Edward Spence are other Victoria Cross recipients., UK Prime Minister from 1812 to 1827, was quartered in Dumfries in 1796 d ...
Christina of Sweden... hn Casimir, count palatine of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, succeeded his cousin Queenon the Swedish throne, Pfalz-Zweibrücken was in personal union with Sweden ...
King Henry VII... dfather of Elizabeth I. His titles were declared forfeit after his death by, but his son, the 1st Earl of Surrey, was later restored as 2nd Duke (the ...
Walter Cunliffe... n in a letter on display in the Bank museum, is that he had quarrelled with, one of the bank's directors, who would later become Governor of the Bank ...
Henry... custom of wearing a leek as an “ancient tradition” in Henry V. In the play,tells Fluellen that he is wearing a leek “for I am Welsh, you know, good c ...
Władysław I the Elbow-high... hts and then with the German Prussian state. The Kingdom was restored under, strengthened and expanded by his son Casimir III the Great. The western ...
Roger Bigod... the Dukes of Norfolk, there were the Bigod Earls of Norfolk, starting withfrom Normandy (died 1107). Their male line ended with Roger Bigod, 5th Ear ...
Philip V of Spainstatesman in the service of
John J. Pershing... artermaster at Fort Riley, until July 1916. In 1916, he served with General's Mexican Expeditionary Forces, as commander of the bakeries. This was th ...
Frederick, Prince of Wales... l stage Buckinghamshire has been home to Nancy Astor who lived in Cliveden,who also lived in Cliveden, Baron Carrington who lives in Bledlow, Benjami ...
Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin... Charles Towneley collection, much of it Roman Sculpture, in 1805. In 1806,, ambassador to the Ottoman Empire from 1799 to 1803 removed the large col ...
Robert GuiscardIn 1071, Bari was captured by, following a three-year siege. Maio of Bari (d. 1160), a Lombard merchant ...
Louis IX of FranceIn December 1259,ceded to Henry land north and east of Gascony. In return, Henry renounced ...
Ronald Wilson... ign countries, including Ayala Procaccia (Supreme Court of Israel Justice),(High Court of Australia Justice), Yvonne Mokgoro (Constitutional Court of ...
Manuel I of Portugal... d Tomé Pires diplomatic and commercial mission of 1517, under the orders of, which opened formally relations between the Portuguese Empire and the Mi ...
Sir James Douglas... ly under the youthful Walter the Steward, but actually under the command of
Prince of Orange... en regnant of the Netherlands, prince Willem-Alexander obtained the title "" as new heir to the Dutch throne. He is formally styled as His Royal High ...
Duchy of Parma... as born near Piacenza, probably at the village of Fiorenzuola d'Arda in the
Philip the Good... chiermonnikoog in writing dates from October 1440, in a document written by
Andrew Lloyd Webber... iszt, Robert Schumann, Johannes Brahms, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Boris Blacher,, George Rochberg and Witold Lutosławski, among others, wrote well-known v ...
Vlerick, André... commissie - Vlaamse Volksbeweging - Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten (VLD) -- Vleteren - VLOTT - Voeren - Vorselaar - Vorst (Forest) - Vosselaa
Pedro IIOn 6 September 1850 the emperor,, sanctioned a law authorizing steam navigation on the Amazon, and gave th ...
Edward II... without an heir in 1307, so their titles and estates reverted to the crown.then created his brother Thomas of Brotherton earl in 1312. It passed to T ...
Henry IV of France... avour of intervening on behalf of the Protestant powers (and Louis's fatherwas once a Huguenot leader). On the other hand, Louis XIII had had a stric ...
King Henry VIII... and Catherine Howard, the second and fifth Queens consort, respectively, of. Thus, through Anne Boleyn, he was the great-great-grandfather of Elizabe ...
James Francis Edward Stuart... Protestants. The Tories were suspected of supporting the Catholic Pretender. George I rewarded the Whigs by forming a Whig government; at his welcome ...
Beatrice d'Este... s, and, in the rear area of the mastio, the Ladies' Loggia made for Duchess
Stephen Báthory of Poland... ew Castles were often visited by the Commonwealth monarchs including famouswho made a royal residence here. In 1793 the last Sejm in the history of t ...
Margaret Thatcher... nister James Callaghan made his government's papers on Trident available to's new incoming Conservative Party government, which took the decision to ...
Bolesław II the Bold... y a collapse of the monarchy and restoration under Casimir I. Casimir's sonbecame fatally involved in a conflict with the ecclesiastical authority, a ...
Margaret ThatcherPrime Minister,, 1979–1990, was Conservative MP for Finchley from 1959 to 1992, although ...
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne... th parliamentary power. In 1834, William dismissed the Whig Prime Minister,, and appointed a Tory, Sir Robert Peel. In the ensuing elections, however ...
Michael HowardOn 3 May 2005, Bremner dressed up asand walked along the campaign trail in the marginal seat of Wellingborough ...
Laurence Olivier... the 1960 film Spartacus as the estate of Marcus Licinius Crassus (played by). According to Hearst Over Hollywood, Jack and stayed at the house for pa ...
Margaret... s brother Thomas of Brotherton earl in 1312. It passed to Thomas's daughter, and then to her grandson Thomas Mowbray
King Arthur... ks he must complete before he can win her hand. With the help of his cousin, Culhwch succeeds and the giant dies, allowing Olwen to marry her suitor
Friedrich von WieserThe term was coined in 1914 byin his book "". • However, in 1848 Frédéric Bastiat described this concept ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... oquent orator. The Republican Party countered with popular war hero Generaland won in a landslide, ending 20 consecutive years of Democratic control ...
Robert Borden... nada, a custom that continued until the First World War, around the time of's premiership. While contemporary sources will still speak of early prime ...
Princess Maria Pia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies... Princess Marie Louise of Bourbon-Parma, daughter of Roberto I of Parma and, on 20 April 1893 at the Villa Pianore in Lucca in Italy, producing four ...
Leopold I... f Brandenburg to become "king in Prussia" in 1701 without offending Emperor. The government of de facto collectively ruled Brandenburg-Prussia, seate ...
Juliana... onal and economic", according to one contemporary publication. The birth of, on 30 April 1909, was met with great relief after eight years of childle ...
ThatcherThe Docklands' status as a symbol of's Britain has also made it a target for terrorists. After a failed attemp ...
Winston Churchill... nrich Himmler asked Bernadotte to convey a peace proposal to Prime Ministerand President Harry S. Truman without the knowledge of Adolf Hitler. The m ...
Thomas Mowbray... in 1312. It passed to Thomas's daughter Margaret, and then to her grandson
Mahisente Habte Mariam... rried to Princess Sara Gizaw. Prince Sahle Selassie was married to Princess. Princess Romanework married Dejazmatch Beyene Merid. Princess Tenagnewor ...
Albert, Duke of Schleswig-HolsteinThe Augustenborg male line died out in 1931, upon the death of, a grandson of queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Their female-line de ...
Edward II of EnglandIn 1325, the land was confiscated by Charles IV when, in his capacity as Duke of Aquitaine, failed to pay homage after a dispu ...
James Callaghan... th., Sir Francis Austen (brother of Jane Austen) briefly lived in the area,(British prime minister 1976–1979) was born in Portsmouth, John Pounds the ...
Louis XVIII of France... , lived at Iver and King Zog of Albania lived at Frieth. Much earlier, Kinglived in exile at from 1809 to 1814
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor... ing able to exercise his rule in Catalonia, until the death of his brother,; he returned to Vienna to assume the imperial crown. Not wanting to see A ...
Richard Attenborough... Best Actor. Sheen has worked with a wide variety of film directors, such as, Francis Ford Coppola, Terrence Malick, David Cronenberg, Mike Nichols, M ...
Samuel Slater... also developing the water-powered milling structure used in Slater's Mill.(1768–1835) is the founder of the Slater Mill. As a boy apprentice in Derb ...
Radelchis I of Benevento... lfun in 847, who had been part of the mercenary garrison installed there by. The city was conquered and the Emirate extinguished in 871, due to the e ...
Henry II... ria for his son Emeric who was the nearest relative of the deceased Emperor(who himself had been the last male descendant of the old dukes of Bavaria ...
George II of Greece... Within days, Philip received a command from his cousin and sovereign, King, to resume his naval career in Britain which, though given without explan ...
Treniota... ich lasted for 14 years. Encouraged by these developments and by his nephew, Mindaugas broke peace with the Order. The gains he had expected from Chr ...
Peter the Great... 18,000 of them were Nemtsy, which means either German or western foreigner.was greatly influenced by the international community located in the Germa ...
Constance... an in England next to the king himself. After Blanche's death, John married, who had a claim to the kingdom of Castile, and John styled himself the k ...
Benjamin Britten... important works of Karlheinz Stockhausen, is often described as a cantata.composed at least six works he designated as cantatas: The Company of Heav ...
Stanley Savige... e Gippsland Campus of Monash University. A commemorative bust of Lt Gen Sirwas erected in 2006. Born in Morwell, Savige founded Legacy Australia foll ...
Mozart... mann and Beethoven's late quartets". Mendelssohn was not thought of highly,and Haydn "were considered out of date and naïve", and J.S. Bach merely ma ...
King George IV... es, although he became embroiled in unsuccessful mediation attempts between, and his estranged wife Caroline of Brunswick, who had sought her rights ...
Sara Gizaw... e to Princess Medferiashwork Abebe. Prince Makonnen was married to Princess. Prince Sahle Selassie was married to Princess Mahisente Habte Mariam. Pr ...
Stanislaus II of Poland... cember 1757 – 8 March 1758), fathered by Catherine's lover, the future King#Elizabeth Alexandrovna Alexeeva (1761–1844), married to Friedrich Maximil ...
Duke of Aquitaine... was confiscated by Charles IV when Edward II of England, in his capacity as, failed to pay homage after a dispute. Edward sent his wife and then his ...
Richard I... s a leader involved in the massacre of the Jews at Cliffords Tower in York.dismissed the sheriff and constable of York and imposed severe penalties o ...
King Richard IIWhencreated Thomas Mowbray duke in 1397, he conferred upon him the estates and ...
Louis XIV of France... the war. John Bull (England) is suing Louis Baboon (i.e. Louis Bourbon, or) over the estate of the dead Lord Strutt (Charles II of Spain). Bull's la ...
King Edward IV of England... s arranged between Anne and Richard, Duke of York, the four-year-old son of. She remained Richard's child bride until she died at the age of 8
Laurence Olivier... guests on the show, including Angela Rippon, Princess Anne, Cliff Richard,, John Mills, the Dad's Army cast, Glenda Jackson, Shirley Bassey, Tom Jon ...
Conrad II... varia). In 1027, Stephen had Bishop Werner of Strasbourg, the envoy sent byto the Byzantine Empire, arrested at the frontier. In 1030, the emperor le ...
Alexander I... lexander (whom she greatly favored, and who subsequently became the emperorin 1801). Her harshness towards Paul probably stemmed as much from politic ...
Charles IDuring the Anglo-French War (1627–1629), under, by 1629 the Kirkes took Quebec City, Sir James Stewart of Killeith, Lord ...
Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor... and on the other hand influenced by Islamic (Saracen) ideals of furusiyya.(1459–1519) is often referred to as the last true knight. He was the last ...
Keynesian... trade policy of the United States and Britain during the 19th Century, withstimulus policies
Prince Albert... s later extended artificially. The event became Royal in 1851. In that yearbecame the patron of the regatta
Francis II... ope. In 1806, the Holy Roman Empire ceased to exist when Holy Roman Emperorkept Francis I of Austria as his only official title. These achievements, ...
Henry IV of Castile... city was Alvar Gomez de Cibdad Real, who had been private secretary to King. He was a protector of the conversos. Together with prominent conversos F ...
Prince George, Duke of Kent... scuous with both sexes. One report suggests he would procure guardsmen with. Private Eye magazine, which termed Mountbatten 'a raging queen' brought ...
Edward III... aster inherited the castle. Blanche married John of Gaunt, the third son of; their union, and combined resources, made John the second richest man in ...
Charles II of Spain... Bourbon, or Louis XIV of France) over the estate of the dead Lord Strutt (). Bull's lawyer is the one who really enjoys the suit, and he is Humphrey ...
Kyril... d by the People's Republic of Bulgaria, under which his sole surviving son,, was executed. On hearing of his son's death he said, "Everything is coll ...
Andrew Lloyd-Webber... h middle classes. The only failure during this period was 1975 musical with, Jeeves, and even this did little to dent Ayckbourn's popularity. Althoug ...
3rd Duke of Norfolk... dy seems to have been moved at the Reformation, possibly to the tomb of theat Framlingham Church. The monumental brass of his first wife Katherine Mo ...
King George III... ually important goals. At the suggestion of Wilberforce and Bishop Porteus,was requested by the Archbishop of Canterbury to issue in 1787 the Proclam ...
Frederick, Prince of Wales... derable that Sarah hoped to marry her granddaughter, Lady Diana Spencer, to, for which she would pay a massive dowry of £100,000. However, Robert Wal ...
Duke of Lothier... Duchy of Limburg and the Duchy of Brabant, whose rulers retained the title(derived from "Lotharingia"). With the disappearance of a "lower" Lorraine ...
Conrad II... Stephen broke with the German alliance, because the new Holy Roman Emperor,claimed supremacy over the Kingdom of Hungary, while Stephen demanded the ...
Charles VIII... ession of several Italian princes—all instigated by Lorenzo de' Medici—Kinghad him released, and the Pope was persuaded to allow Pico to move to Flor ...
King Richard III... , someone had left John Howard a note attached to his tent warning him that, his "master," was going to be double-crossed (which he was)
Vasili IIIThe earliest German settlement in Russia dates back to the reign ofin the 16th century. A handful of German and Dutch craftsmen and traders w ...
Haile Selassie Gugsa... ater married Ras Andargachew Messai. Princess Zenebework married Dejazmatch. Princess Tsehai married Lt. General Abiye Abebe
Margaret ThatcherOn the election of's government, Lawson was appointed to the position of Financial Secretary ...
Neil Kinnock... -market-based communal European economy. In the UK, the Labour Party leadermade a passionate and public attack against the party's Militant Tendency ...
Henry of Grosmont, the Duke of Lancaster... nued to use Kenilworth as a royal castle until her fall from power in 1330., inherited the castle from his father in 1345 and remodelled the great ha ...
King Arthur... ention because of its role in influencing the legends and myths surrounding. It is the earliest source that presents Arthur as an historical figure, ...
Mindaugas... he most of Black Ruthenia, was controlled by princes of Lithuanian origin (and others) to form the Baltic-Slavic state - Grand Duchy of Lithuania on ...
King Haakon VII... f Norwegians. In 1940, when Norway was under attack from the German forces,received the power from the parliament to govern the country, in its best ...
Princess Zenebework... children: Princess Tenagnework, Crown Prince Asfaw Wossen, Princess Tsehai,, Prince Makonnen, and Prince Sahle Selassie
Borrell II... s became increasingly independent of the Carolingian power, which the countmade official in 987 when he failed to swear fealty to Hugh Capet, the fir ...
Peter III... spicious of Catherine upon her accession because she had annulled an act bythat had essentially freed the serfs belonging to the Orthodox Church. Nat ...
Oscar Peterson... wn, Perlman has also played jazz, including an album made with jazz pianist, and klezmer. Perlman has been a soloist for a number of movie scores, no ...
Princess Tsehai... Selassie had six children: Princess Tenagnework, Crown Prince Asfaw Wossen,, Princess Zenebework, Prince Makonnen, and Prince Sahle Selassie
Michael Heseltine... o address this problem, in 1981 the Secretary of State for the Environment,, formed the London Docklands Development Corporation (LDDC) to redevelop ...
Elizabeth Seymour, Duchess of Somerset... the offices of Mistress of the Robes and Groom of the Stole and replaced by. Abigail was made Keeper of the Privy Purse. This broke a promise Anne ha ...
Henry II of England... a grand jury can be traced back to the Assize of Clarendon, an 1166 act of. In fact, Henry's chief effect on the development of the English monarchy ...
Duchy of Benevento... tories between his brother's kingdoms, stretching from the North Sea to the. The logic of the division was that Lothair had the allegiance of Italy, ...
Richard III... ared illegitimate. Richard was sent to the Tower of London by the new king,, in mid-1483, thus ending his claim to both York and Norfolk
Henry VIIIWhenbroke from Rome an era of religious repression began. During the Dissoluti ...
Emperor Joseph IIIn 1780, the son of Holy Roman Empress Maria Theresa,, toyed with the idea of determining whether or not to enter an alliance w ...
Princess TenagneworkBy Menen Asfaw, Haile Selassie had six children:, Crown Prince Asfaw Wossen, Princess Tsehai, Princess Zenebework, Prince ...
Edward Heath... enson played at Marine Spa ballroom, and the place was regularly visited by
William the Conqueror... iminal justice more effective, Henry employed the method of inquest used byin the Domesday Book. In each shire a body of important men was sworn (jur ...
Thomas West, 2nd Baron De La Warr... tions of Baron De La Warr, and West came from the second. He was the son of, of Wherwell Abbey in Hampshire, and his wife, Anne daughter of Sir Franc ...
Henry II... cal rulers continued fighting amongst themselves the Norman King of Englandwas invited to intervene. He arrived in 1171, took control of much land, a ...
Henry IIBedford traces its borough charter in 1166 byand elected two members to the unreformed House of Commons
Henry Frederick... manual on the powers of a king, was written to edify his four-year-old sonking "acknowledgeth himself ordained for his people, having received from ...
Alexander IIThe decline of the Russian German community started with the reforms of. In 1871, he repealed the open-door immigration policy of his ancestors, ...
Winston Churchill... es, increased anti-aircraft batteries were installed at crucial points, andordered the construction of a series of causeways to block the eastern app ...
Henry VIII... seven schools established, or in some cases re-endowed and renamed, by Kingduring the Dissolution of the Monasteries to pray for his soul. In 2006, 3 ...
Charles II of SpainFollowing the death of, in 1700, without any ostensible heir, Charles declared himself King of S ...
James I of Scotland... d many distinguished prisoners. The heir to the Scottish throne, later King, was kidnapped while journeying to France in 1406 and held in the Tower. ...
Sigismund IIIFollowing King's Prussian regency contract (1605) with Joachim Frederick of Brandenburg ...
Anton Florian, Prince of Liechtenstein... ess Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg, was born on 1 October 1685. His tutor was
Isabella I of CastileIn 1469 Queenand King Ferdinand of Aragon were married in the city; by the 15th century ...
Francis Drake... d to send the library home to Spain in 1579, the ships were captured by Sir. As the battle had damaged his own ship, Drake was forced to go ashore on ...
Noël Brûlart de SilleryLouis ultimately dismissedand Pierre Brulart, vicomte de Puisieux in 1624 because of his displeasure ...
Princess Fawzia... asha was appointed as Egypt's first ambassador in Tehran. In the same year,of Egypt, the sister of King Farouk I, married Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the ...
John Gorton, Prime Minister of Australia from 1968–1971, initiated several forms of G ...
Benito Mussolini... inilli and only partly realized in 1925, under pressure from Prime Minister's more conservative coalition partners
Ramon Berenguer I... based on complex fealties and dependencies. From the time of the triumph ofover the other Catalan counts, the counts of Barcelona stood firmly at the ...
Victor Emmanuel II... h 17, 1861, when most of the states of the peninsula were united under kingof the Savoy dynasty, which ruled over Piedmont. The architects of Italian ...
John D. Rockefeller... town later became a favorite residence for many rich New Yorkers, including, who first moved to Tarrytown in 1893. Kykuit, Rockefeller's elaborate ma ...
Wolete Israel SeyoumPrince Asfaw Wossen was first married to Princessand then following their divorce to Princess Medferiashwork Abebe. Prince ...
Laurence Olivier... elt the humour was outdated and incomprehensible to modern audiences, while, in his equally praised 1944 film version of the play, staged the comic s ...
Mozart... ce in the area of music theory. Although these include analyses of music by, Debussy, Bartók, Stravinsky, Goeyvaerts, Boulez, Nono, Johannes Fritsch, ...
Alastair Boyd, 7th Baron Kilmarnock... ears, Amis shared a house with his first wife Hilary and her third husband,. Martin wrote the memoir Experience about the life, charm, and decline of ...
James VI of Scotland... the death of Elizabeth in 1603 came the succession of her Scottish cousin,, to the English throne. He became James I of England, and so brought unde ...
King Christian IV... 909 and are based on the oldest seal of the city, dating from 1643. In 1643(of Denmark and Norway) granted the young city the right to use a seal wit ...
Benito Mussolini... ey claimed to recognize women's equality in employment. However, Hitler anddeclared themselves as opposed to feminism, and after the rise of Nazism i ...
Romanework Haile SelassieThere is some controversy as to Haile Selassie's eldest daughter, Princess. While the living members of the royal family state that Romanework is th ...
John II Sigismund Zápolya... ism became official in 1583, following the faith of the only Unitarian King1541-1571) were declared as accepted (recepta) religions, while Orthodox C ...
Ramon Berenguer IVDuring the reign of(reigned 1131–1162), several events occurred that would be crucial for the ...
Laurence Olivier... from Alan Bennett's 40 Years On, in which he had appeared in earlier years.'s friendship with Gielgud was peppered with barely acknowledged competiti ...
Yehudi Menuhin... acking characteristics of true polyphonism, as pointed out by Eugène Ysaÿe., on the other hand, suggested that this might have been the result of his ...
Benito Mussolini... was thus Sicilianized as "Girgenti". It retained this name until 1927, when's government reintroduced an Italianized version of the Latin name
David Lloyd George... llor of the Exchequer was longer than that of any of his predecessors since, who served from 1908–15. This was subsequently passed by Labour's Gordon ...
Stirling Moss... Formula One Championship. With only one win that year against four wins of, he benefited greatly from the gentlemanliness of Moss as shown at the Po ...
Prince Makonnen... nagnework, Crown Prince Asfaw Wossen, Princess Tsehai, Princess Zenebework,, and Prince Sahle Selassie
Harold Macmillan... e 1960s, under the 1962 Nassau Agreement that emerged from meetings betweenand John F. Kennedy, the United States would supply Britain with Polaris m ...
Pedro Ansúrez... was a village until king Alfonso VI of León and Castile donated it to countin 1072. He built a palace (now lost) for himself and his wife, countess E ...
Prince Sahle Selassie... ce Asfaw Wossen, Princess Tsehai, Princess Zenebework, Prince Makonnen, and
Roger Mortimer... 1326, however, Edward was deposed by an alliance of Isabella and her lover,. Edward was eventually captured by Isabella's forces and the custody of t ...
Margaret Thatcher... e of conservative neoliberal politicians such as Ronald Reagan in the U.S.,in Britain, and Brian Mulroney in Canada, the Western welfare state was at ...
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex... eived his education at Queen's College, Oxford. He served in the army under, and, in 1601, was charged with supporting Essex's ill-fated insurrection ...
King Christian IVThe city was named after its founderin 1641. The last element sand refers to the sandy headland the city was b ...
Queen Beatrix... ouse of Orange dynasty, the later royal family of the Netherlands. In fact,is Countess of Buren. Also, the royals have been known to use the name Van ...
Frederick III of BrandenburgDucal Prussia's full sovereignty allowed Electorto become "king in Prussia" in 1701 without offending Emperor Leopold I. T ...
Baldwin I of Jerusalem... cceeded the following year in wresting Hebron back from the crusaders under, who personally led the counter-charge to beat the Muslim forces off
Queen Beatrix... a status retained by her daughter, Queen Juliana, and by her granddaughter,
Henry II the WranglerStephen married Giselle of Bavaria, the daughter ofin or after 995. By this marriage, he became the brother-in-law of the fut ...
king... to. Many leading revolutionaries wanted a republic, but eventually it was aand his chief minister who had the power to unite the Italian states as a ...
Henry VIII... f the arms (shown to the right) was granted as an Augmentation of Honour byto Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk to commemorate his victory at the Ba ...
Charles I... o held their tenure at the pleasure of James I of England (VI of Scotland),and Charles II
Johannes DantiscusThe canon of Warmia Georg Donner and the bishop of Warmiawere both patrons of Rheticus. Rheticus was also commissioned to make a st ...
Louis XIV of France... anish Succession, which pitted France's candidate, Philippe, Duke of Anjou,'s grandson, against Austria's Charles, lasted for almost 14 years. The Ki ...
Sir John Norreys... of Nicholas Wyfold (1420–1456), the Lord Mayor of London and, secondly, of(1400–1466), Keeper of the Wardrobe. The Duke's main home was at Stoke-by- ...
Faramir... hope for Minas Tirith, driving him to suicide, and nearly to the murder of
Holy Roman Emperor Francis II... ecisively defeated a Russo-Austrian army, commanded by Tsar Alexander I and, after nearly nine hours of difficult fighting. The battle took place nea ...
Edward II... many of the other English barons, found himself in increasing opposition to. War broke out in 1322, and Lancaster was captured at the Battle of Borou ...
Henry VI of England... France, and made his England bleed" – a reminder of the tumultuous reign of, which Shakespeare had previously brought to the stage in a trilogy of pl ...
Christian IX of Denmark... ousins through Queen Victoria, and second cousins once removed through King. Elizabeth fell in love with Philip and they began to exchange letters. E ...
His Grace Edward William Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of Norfolk... me a Knight of the Garter until 22 April 1983. The current Duke of Norfolk,, has not been awarded the Order of the Garter. Thus, the Order of the Gar ...
Benjamin Britten... One notable setting is part of the Serenade for Tenor, Horn and Strings by
Baldwin II of JerusalemIn the year 1113 during the reign of, according to Ali of Herat (writing in 1173), a certain part over the cav ...
Maria Theresa... h the agency of Prince Henry), Russia (under Catherine), and Austria (under) began preparing the ground for the partitions of Poland. In the first pa ...
King Arthur... early medieval poem found in the Book of Taliesin describes a voyage led byto the numerous otherworldy kingdoms within Annwn, either to rescue the pr ...
Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge... United Kingdom impaled with her family arms – the arms of her grandfather,(the royal arms used by the House of Hanover), in the 1st and 4th quarters ...
Harold Wilson... sile submarines, later reduced to four by the incoming Labour government of, with 16 missiles to be carried on each ship. The Polaris Sales Agreement ...
Carl Hamilton... City and mainly took part there in English language productions. He played, a fictional Swedish secret agent similar to James Bond. He was discovere ...
Arthurian legends... tiltyard in an event called "the Round Table", in imitation of the popular
Charles Grey... s by a large margin. Sensing a breakthrough that had been long anticipated,moved for a second reading in the Commons on 23 February 1807. As tributes ...
Jeffrey Archer... Declaration document is at risk in Honour Among Thieves (1993), a novel byin which Saddam Hussein tries to steal the Declaration to burn it publicly ...
Prince HenryPrussia (through the agency of), Russia (under Catherine), and Austria (under Maria Theresa) began prepa ...
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany... exandra had lost a brother, Friedrich, to the disease, as well as an uncle,. Her sister Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine was also a carrier of th ...
Francis Bacon... de his famous proof of uniform acceleration in freefall using mathematics ., especially in his Novum Organum, argued for a new experimental based app ...
Mary Tudor... pass from their possession. In 1553, for example, Framlingham was given to, sister of King Edward VI
Mackenzie Bowell... ein their casket lies in state in the Centre Block of Parliament Hill. Onlyand the Viscount Bennett were given private funerals, Bennett also being t ...
Leander Starr Jameson... anned to support an uitlander coup d'état against the Transvaal government.carried out this plan, without publicly-acknowledged British authorisation ...
1st Duke of York... and the second creation had been invalidated by the illegitimisation of the(one of the Princes in the Tower, who was also 1st Duke of Norfolk) on 25 ...
Lord Amherst... ar would be eventful with the suicide of Castlereagh and the appointment ofas the Governor-General of India, replacing Hastings. As Raffles grew rest ...
Catherine of Valois... lowing the victory at Agincourt, Henry attempts to woo the French princess,. This is difficult because he does not speak French well and she does not ...
Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery... om Great Hampden and is revered in Aylesbury to this day and Prime Ministerwho lived at Mentmore. Also worthy of note are William Penn who believed h ...
Lord Uxbridge... in an infantry duel in which Picton fell. It was during this struggle thatlaunched two of his cavalry brigades on the enemy; the "Union brigade" cat ...
Francis Knollys... La Warr, of Wherwell Abbey in Hampshire, and his wife, Anne daughter of Sirand Catherine Carey
Lord Grenville... Wilberforce and Charles Fox led the campaign in the House of Commons, whileadvocated the cause in the House of Lords
King John... sents information for an indictment. The grand jury was later recognized byin Magna Carta in on demand of the nobility
Victor Emmanuel II... ore conservative constitutional monarchic figures included Count Cavour and, who would later become the first king of a united Italy
Tsar Alexander I... Emperor Napoleon I, decisively defeated a Russo-Austrian army, commanded byand Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, after nearly nine hours of difficult fi ...
James Francis Edward Stuart... St. John, the first Viscount Bolingbroke from declaring for the Pretender,. The Marlboroughs returned home on the afternoon of Anne's death. The Act ...
Henry III... d game. El Pardo was a region visited frequently by kings since the time of, in the 14th century. The Catholic Monarchs started the construction of t ...
Otto von Bismarck... by Richard Lester and starred Malcolm McDowell as Flashman, Oliver Reed asand Alan Bates as Rudi von Sternberg
King Edward VI... ssion. In 1553, for example, Framlingham was given to Mary Tudor, sister of
Ferdinand II of Aragon... Domingo in 1498, far from the reach of the Medici and the Spanish King, butsoon found out and had Columbus put into chains
Lobau... additional brigade artillery deployed to its left in support. Napoleon sent's corps to intercept the rest of Bülow's IV Corps proceeding to Plancenoi ...
Albert, Prince Consort... nand II of Portugal, and also a first cousin to Queen Victoria, her husband, Empress Carlota of Mexico and her brother Leopold II of Belgium. These l ...
Cardinal Richelieu... hdrawn in 1629, by Louis XIII, following the Siege of La Rochelle, in whichblockaded the city for fourteen months
Maria Luisa of Savoy... use her influence in carrying out his plans. Upon the death of the Queen (), Alberoni in concert with La Trémoille arranged for a marriage in 1714 b ...
Henry I's... ountess Matilda I of Boulogne. When his father seized the English throne ondeath in 1135, he became to the English throne
King Hussein of Jordan... ardas set up various companies offering these products to royalty and VIPs.bought a fleet of cars that Mardas had customised, but the cars proved to ...
Sophia of Hanover... udwig, Elector of Hanover (the great grandson of James I through his mother), King George I of Great Britain
Charles II... enure at the pleasure of James I of England (VI of Scotland), Charles I and
Mohammad Reza PahlaviThe last shah of Persia,, officially adopted the title شاهنشاه shâhanshâh (literally King of Kings ...
4th Duke... t creation of the Dukedom of Norfolk had become extinct on the death of thein 1476, and the second creation had been invalidated by the illegitimisat ...
Robert Borden... norific titles to Canadians; the last prime minister to be knighted was Sir, who was premier at the time the Nickle Resolution was debated in the Hou ...
George I... ar later replaced by Prince Wilhelm (William) of Denmark, who took the nameand brought with him the Ionian Islands as a coronation gift from Britain. ...
Prince of Orange... lst (to control the left bank of the Schelde river) occurred. It was led byFrederick Henry, during the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) with Spain. An e ...
Roger de Mortimer... ntury, including a huge event in 1279, presided over by the royal favourite, in which a hundred knights competed for three days in the tiltyard in an ...
Hugh Trevor-Roper... n Bernadotte and Kersten came to public attention through British historian. In 1953, Trevor-Roper published an article based on an interview and doc ...
King Charles IIDuring the reign of, Britannia made her first appearance on English coins on a farthing of 16 ...
Anthony Barber... ibes an earlier period of rapid expansion under the tenure as chancellor ofin the Conservative government of Sir Edward Heath (1970 to 1974). Critics ...
Ferdinand II of Portugal... Leopold I, first king of the Belgians. His father Augustus was a brother of, and also a first cousin to Queen Victoria, her husband Albert, Prince Co ...
Harold II... as an ally of William the Conqueror, and is listed as a possible killer of; he is also believed to have given William his own horse after the duke's ...
Andrew Carnegie... s a literary award established in 1936 in honour of Scottish philanthropistand given annually to an outstanding book for children and young adults. I ...
King Edward VFor his support of King Richard III during the deposition ofin 1483, he was created The Duke of Norfolk, third creation, on 28 June 14 ...
Almeida Garrett... uguese poetry develops its character from the work of its Romantic epitome,, a very prolific writer who helped shape the genre with the masterpiece ( ...
German Emperor Wilhelm II... outbreak of the First World War, the young Wilhelmina visited the powerful, who boasted to the Queen of a relatively small country, "my guards are s ...
Lavinia Fenton... art of the success of The Beggar's Opera may have been due to the acting of, afterwards Duchess of Bolton, in the part of Polly Peachum. The play ran ...
Nazgûl... Dark Tower" (Barad-dûr), snaga, meaning "slave", and ghâsh "fire". The nameis a combination of "nazg" meaning "ring" and "gûl" meaning "wraith(s)", t ...
Malcolm IV... Crown came to his youngest son, David. David was succeeded by his grandsons, and then by William the Lion, the longest-reigning King of Scots before ...
Winston Churchill... der the direction of the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE). Prime Ministertasked the Royal Navy with helping locate and retrieve the wreckage so tha ...
Henry II... n, became king of Navarre by his marriage with Catherine of Foix. Their son, king of Navarre, was created duke of Albret and peer of France in 1550 b ...
Anne... lle. The profession would span five generations down to Catherine's sister,, who would serve all six of King Henry VIII's
Christian IV of Denmark... ears' War (1618–1648), with Christina of Sweden, Jacob Kettler of Courland,being notable proponents. The Habsburg Holy Roman Emperors had long been i ...
King Henry II... court, but was almost certainly at least known about at the royal court ofof England. Virtually nothing is known of her life; both her given name an ...
The Duke of Kent... ose friend of the convicted Libyan gun smuggler Tarek Kaituni’. It was fromthat the Duke took over in this position, which involves him representing ...
Francis Bacon... e and a lover of hers, took Fuentes' statement literally and suggested thatwrote Shakespeare's plays and Don Quixote, both claims which are considere ...
Louis XVI... trumps the Duke's claim by alleging that he is the Lost Dauphin, the son ofand rightful King of France. He continually mispronounces the duke's title ...
Leofric, Earl of Mercia... a market was granted to the Saxon town by King Edward. In the 11th century, had a hunting lodge at Bengeworth. Leofric founded Holy Trinity Church w ...
John I of Portugal... attle of Ceuta, the city was captured by the Portuguese during the reign of. The King of Spain, Phillip II, seized the Portuguese throne in 1580 and ...
Walter Scott... e of poems had widespread influence on such writers as Goethe and the young, but there was controversy from the outset about Macpherson's claims to h ...
Catherine of Foix... . John of Albret, son of Alain, became king of Navarre by his marriage with. Their son Henry II, king of Navarre, was created duke of Albret and peer ...
Benjamin Britten... 3 years after the author's death, was later turned into a play, an opera byand a film by Peter Ustinov
Lothair... re for the benefit of Charles he met with the opposition of his adult sons,, Pepin, and Louis. A decade of civil war and fluctuating alliances, punct ...
Giorgio Vasari... e for Giuliano de' Medici, identified as Bandinelli's by John Pope-Hennessy, a former pupil in Bandinelli's workshop, claimed Bandinelli was driven b ...
Christina of Sweden... entral Europe and Scandinavia after the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648), with, Jacob Kettler of Courland, Christian IV of Denmark being notable propone ...
Maximilian I... ing, and also successor of Philip, count palatine of the Rhine. The emperor, interested as archduke of Austria and count of Tirol, interfered in the ...
Harold Wilson... d of November 1967, earlier than had been planned by British Prime Ministerand without an agreement on the succeeding governance. Their enemies, the ...
John III the Good... , Duchess of Burgundy. They had a daughter, Joan (Giovanna), who married to, duke of Brittany. but was childles
Peter Haden-GuestGuest was born in New York City, the son of, a British United Nations diplomat who later became The 4th Baron Haden-G ...
Niels Bohr... ed the strange properties of the photoelectric effect. The Danish physicistused this same constant in 1913 to explain the stability of Rutherford’s a ...
Philip II of France... he spent little time in England, instead concentrating on the war with King, which began with Philip's attempts to acquire Richard's possessions on t ...
Christina of Sweden... ite of the city of Wilmington, which they named Fort Christina, after Queen
Morton Peto... Amsterdam by boat than to London. The railway was introduced to Norwich by, who also built the line to Great Yarmouth
Maximilian IIIThe Administrator of Prussia, the grandmaster of the Teutonic Order, son of emperor Maximilian II died in 1618. Albert's line died out in 161 ...
Peter III of Russia... 1754 – 23 March 1801), officially fathered by Catherine's husband, Emperor, but claimed by Catherine to be the son of her lover, Count Serge Saltyko
King Henry VIII... e River Thames. It was originally built for Cardinal Wolsey, a favourite of, circa 1514; in 1529, as Wolsey fell from favour, the palace was passed t ...
Alan Sugar... riod through the purchase of the remaining 14.7% holding of former chairman's . and those belonging to who held a 9.9 per cent stake through Hodram I ...
Lech WałęsaIn 2004 former Solidarity leaderwrote
William IV... e British throne in 1714. The last British monarch who ruled in Hanover was: Salic law, which required succession by the male line, forbade the acces ...
Lothair I... was the King of Italy and Roman Emperor from 844, co-ruling with his fatheruntil 855, after which he ruled alone. Louis's usual title was imperator a ...
Richard Attenborough... inting artist John Walker. The prize was awarded by celebrity presenter Sir
Louis de Broglie... blished that light carries momentum and can scatter off particles, and whenasserted that matter can be seen as behaving as a wave in much the same wa ...
Saxe-Eisenach... rlin (also a native of Nuremberg), in the employ of Johann Georg I, Duke of. He met members of the Bach family in Eisenach (which was the home city o ...
Paul I of Russia#Emperor(1 October 1754 – 23 March 1801), officially fathered by Catherine's husba ...
Richard III... t, Elizabeth Woodville. When the Duke of Gloucester became King in 1483, as, both Elizabeth and her mother Alice were appointed ladies-in-waiting to ...
William I of GenevaIn 1195 he ambushed the party of Count, which was escorting the count's daughter, Margaret of Geneva, to France ...
Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset... ok, that it was published as "propaganda" for reformist interests backed byor other high-placed aristocrats, and that Crowley added interpretive glos ...
Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York... the monarchy), Richard III is described as "the undoubted son and heir" of, and "born in this land" — an oblique reference to his brother's birth at ...
Charles II... was very politically astute and secured the charter from the newly restored, who granted the most liberal political terms
Duke of RichmondDuring February 1844, theinitiated the Central Agricultural Protection Society (CAPS, commonly know ...
Charles IIThe principal advisor to, the Earl of Clarendon remarked on the matter, "and from those contestati ...
Myrina... s, namely Hippolyte, future wife of Acastus (otherwise known as Astydameia);, who married Thoas; and an unnamed daughter, who became the mother of As ...
George Foulkes... aders (and other Electronic Games) Bill" drafted by British Labour Party MPattempted to ban the game for its "addictive properties" and for causing " ...
Maximilian II... ussia, the grandmaster of the Teutonic Order Maximilian III, son of emperordied in 1618. Albert's line died out in 1618, and the Duchy of Prussia pas ...
Albert IV... later became sole ruler in spite of the claims of his two younger brothers., called the Wise, added the district of Abensberg to his possessions, and ...
Louis XV... pulation was not forced out but rather their religion was declared illegal.ordered all blacks to be deported from France, but was unsuccessful
Knights of Columbus... ppeals for the Ninth Circuit ruled in Newdow's favor, Scalia, speaking at aevent in Fredericksburg, Virginia, stated that the Ninth Circuit decision ...
Salvador Dalí... Walt Disney as one of the studio's most gifted artists and teamed him withon the animated short Destino, a project begun in 1945 that was not comple ...
Philip II of France... 's daughter, Margaret of Geneva, to France for her intended wedding to King. Thomas carried off Marguerite and married her himself, producing some ei ...
Peter II... uese João Francisco António de Bragança, in Lisbon and succeeded his fatherin December 1706, and was proclaimed on January 1, 1707
Charles VIII... (d. 1522), wished to marry Anne of Brittany, and to that end fought against; but his hopes being defeated by the betrothal of Anne to Maximilian of A ...
George V... rincipally at English speakers in the outposts of the British Empire, or asput it in the first-ever , the "men and women, so cut off by the snow, the ...
George I Louis... of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland). The first of these was, who acceded to the British throne in 1714. The last British monarch who ...
Arthur Conan Doyle... er Twist, David Copperfield and the Pickwick Papers was born in Portsmouth,Author of the Sherlock Holmes Novels. Sir Walter Besant, a novelist and hi ...
Sigismund III Vasa... ations into Polish). The period of tolerance ended during the reign of King, who was under strong influence of Piotr Skarga and other Jesuits. After ...
Meinhard II of Tyrol... bed by the chronicler John of Viktring on the occasion of the coronation ofin 1286. It is also mentioned in Jean Bodin's book Six livres de la Républ ...
Louis VII of France... aimed at all his friends and supporters as well as Becket himself; but Kingoffered Becket protection. He spent nearly two years in the Cistercian abb ...
Earl of ClarendonThe principal advisor to Charles II, theremarked on the matter, "and from those contestations the two terms of Rou ...
Margaret of Geneva... rty of Count William I of Geneva, which was escorting the count's daughter,, to France for her intended wedding to King Philip II of France. Thomas c ...
Charles II... stic office despite the changes through the course of several monarchs fromto George I. A comic opera covers a later period in 18th century history, ...
Franz von PapenHindenburg then appointedas new Reichskanzler. Von Papen lifted the ban on the NSDAP's SA paramilit ...
Sir Thomas Morgan (1st Baronet 1604-79... e ‘Tredegar Morgans’ and had two brothers, Thomas and Edward. Major-General) served in the Commonwealth forces during English civil war from 1642-9, ...
Charles I... ntury history, while a film set in Bray, County Wicklow, in Ireland, covers, the English Civil War, the Commonwealth of England, The Protectorate, an ...
W. Averell Harriman... Northern delegates to reject him as a racist. Truman favored U.S. diplomatof New York, but he had never held an elective office and was inexperience ...
Thomas Browne... "electric" and "electricity", which made their first appearance in print in's Pseudodoxia Epidemica of 1646
John IV... Bohemia in 1440. He died in 1460, leaving five sons, the two elder of whom,and Sigismund, reigned in common until the death of John in 1463. The thir ...
Duchess of York... reer, as well as relentless, often critical, media attention focused on the, led to fractures in the marriage. On 19 March 1992 the couple announced ...
Ernest the Iron... later Duchy of Carinthia. It was last performed in 1414, when the Habsburgwas enthroned as Duke of Carinthia. The ritual took place on the Prince's ...
Catherine de' Medici... n a box called a cadena; this usage was introduced to the French court with's entourage
George IV... he final three joint rulers (1760–1837), there was only one short visit, byin 1821. From 1816 to 1837 Viceroy Adolphus represented the monarch in Han ...
Yehudi Menuhin... Armstrong, Dean Martin, Al Jolson, Bobby Darin, Percy Grainger, Art Tatum,, Bing Crosby, The Moody Blues, Janis Joplin, John Coltrane, Frank Sinatra ...
Winston Churchill... ich derives its fame from the Potsdam Conference of the World War II allies, Harry Truman and Joseph Stalin in 1945. The Taj Mahal Palace & Tower in ...
Mozart... ost classical pieces written for full orchestra since the time of Haydn andare orchestrated to place emphasis on the strings, woodwinds, and brass. H ...
Lord ByronMary and Percy Shelley andholidayed by the lake and wrote ghost stories, one of which became the bas ...
Henry VIIIThe chief minister of, the Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer suggested removal of the Rom ...
David Lloyd GeorgeDuring the Second Dáil the Irish Republic and the British Government ofagreed to hold peace negotiations. As President of Dáil Éireann (Priomh Ai ...
Louis XVIII... 2, when Hugo was only twenty years old, and earned him a royal pension from. Though the poems were admired for their spontaneous fervor and fluency, ...
Earl of Strafford... n of the term to a remark made by Queen Henrietta Maria at the trial of theearlier that year; referring to John Pym, she asked who the roundheaded ma ...
Wilfrid Laurier... on of a museum of Canadian history. The federal prime minister at the time,, suggested, however, that a preservation of the plains themselves would b ...
Marie I of Boulogne... bury and half-sister to Henry II, King of England; Marie, Abbess of Reading;; Marie, Abbess of Barking; and Marie de Meulan, wife of Hugh Talbot
John VI of Portugal... one another. In the Portuguese colony, the heir apparent Pedro, son of King, proclaimed the country's independence in 1822 and became Brazil's first ...
Paul Hasluck... ecember, once Labor's win was secure, Whitlam had the Governor-General, Sirswear him in as Prime Minister and Labor's deputy leader, Lance Barnard, a ...
Sir Angus Bethune... being Tony Rundle (1996–98, born 1939). The most recent premier to die was(1969–72), on 27 August 2004. The most recently-serving premier to die was ...
Henrietta Maria... r, Richard Baxter ascribes the origin of the term to a remark made by Queenat the trial of the Earl of Strafford earlier that year; referring to John ...
Albert III... gth, died in 1438. In 1440 the whole of Bavaria-Munich came to Ernest's son, who had become estranged from his father owing to his union with the unf ...
Otto I... erbert with him. There Gerbert met Pope John XIII (965–972) and the Emperor, surnamed the Great (936–973). The Pope persuaded Otto I to employ Gerber ...
Rurik... al relation with the Varagians defending the cities that they ruled. Led byand his brothers Truvor and Sineus, the invited Varangians (called Rus') s ...
William IIIThe following century,'s massive rebuilding and expansion project intended to rival Versailles w ...
Duke of Wellington... ng scale and during the next year Huskisson and the new Prime Minister, the, devised a new sliding scale for the Importation of Corn Act 1828 whereby ...
Frederick Henry... he left bank of the Schelde river) occurred. It was led by Prince of Orange, during the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) with Spain. An earlier siege by ...
Nazgûl... existing in two forms, the ancient "pure" forms used by Sauron himself, the, and the Olog-hai, and the more "debased" form used by the soldiery of th ...
Lord Cochrane... ower and real naval officers of the period, among them Sir George Cockburn,, Sir James Gordon, Sir William Hoste and many others. The actions of the ...
William I, Count of Burgundy... the Church around 1070–73. In 1074 Pope Gregory VII was trying to persuade, to remember this vow and, with Amadeus and others, go to the defence of ...
Charles II... tability (some would say amorality) over half a century, from the reigns ofto George I. Over this period, he embraced whichever form of liturgy, Prot ...
Raphael... ting found predominately in subterranean Rome and popularised by the artist. This style, rare in Britain until reintroduced by William Kent at Kensin ...
Harold WilsonIn 1964, the new British government underannounced their intention to hand over power to the Federation of South Ar ...
Ludwig III of Bavaria... A year later, Ludwig deposed his cousin, Otto, and proclaimed himself King. During the First World War, Ludwig's eldest son, Crown Prince Rupprecht, ...
Sarah, Duchess of York... stern end that hold annual polo and special events. The Prince of Wales andwere seen in the polo clubs
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute... about patriotism in general, but the false use of the term "patriotism" by(the patriot-minister) and his supporters; Johnson opposed "self-professed ...
Henry II, King of England... s twelfth century poet are: Marie, Abbess of Shaftesbury and half-sister to; Marie, Abbess of Reading; Marie I of Boulogne; Marie, Abbess of Barking; ...
Manuel I of Portugal... tugal, forks began being used with Infanta Beatrice, Duchess of Viseu, king's mother. That happened around 1450. Still forks were not commonly used i ...
Thomas, Earl of Surrey... ugh maternal) grandson of the 1st Duke of the 1st creation. His eldest son,carried the sword of state
Prince George of DenmarkIn 1702, he was at Epsom when, husband of Queen Anne fell ill. According to tradition, Arbuthnot treate ...
Sir George Cockburn... allels between Hornblower and real naval officers of the period, among them, Lord Cochrane, Sir James Gordon, Sir William Hoste and many others. The ...
Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Jena... his children. However, Pachelbel spent only one year in Eisenach. In 1678,, Johann Georg's brother, died and during the period of mourning court mus ...
Paul von Hindenburg... icher asked for new elections. On 28 January, von Papen described Hitler toas only a minority part of an alternative, von Papen-arranged government. ...
Éamon de Valera... ns. As President of Dáil Éireann (Priomh Aire, or literally First Minister)was the highest official in the Republic at this time but was notionally o ...
Charles V... ci. Bandinelli, a supporter of the Medici, was also exiled. In 1530 Emperorretook Florence after a long siege. Pope Clement VII subsequently installe ...
Władysław II the Exile... m the 11th-12th centuries it was also a castellany. After the death of Duke, Silesia was divided in 1163 between two Piast lines- the Wrocławska line ...
Eleanor of Aquitaine... d to England to raise the king's ransom. Richard wrote to his mother, Queen, that Walter should be chosen for the see of Canterbury, as well as to th ...
Edward Montagu... ter of constitutional monarchy, as did many other roundhead leaders such as
Archbishop Konrad von HochstadenWinterberg was declared a city by(1238-’61) about 1270. The foundation of the city of Winterberg was presum ...
Jack BrabhamThe Brabham team was founded byand Ron Tauranac, who met in 1951 while both were successfully building an ...
Henry VIII... nerations down to Catherine's sister, Anne, who would serve all six of King's
Simeon of Bulgaria... f heirs and princes in several Christian royal houses, such as the cases ofor James Ogilvy
George I... ious Stuart monarchs, chose to rely on a small committee of advisers. Undereven more power passed to this committee. It now began to meet in the abse ...
King Richard IIIFor his support ofduring the deposition of King Edward V in 1483, he was created The Duke of ...
Stephen Báthory... ians of the Commonwealth. The Commonwealth, assertive militarily under King, suffered from dynastic distractions during the reigns of the Vasa kings ...
Infanta Beatrice, Duchess of ViseuIn Portugal, forks began being used with, king Manuel I of Portugal's mother. That happened around 1450. Still for ...
Charles the Bold... t. Arnhem entered the Hanseatic League in 1443. In 1473, it was captured byof Burgundy. In 1514, Charles of Egmond, duke of Guelders, took it from th ...
Laurence Olivier... serves as an important throughline in the film, as suggested by the title.sets the opening scene of his 1944 film of Henry V in the tiring room of t ...
Henry VIII... ority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church, at first temporarily underand Edward VI and later permanently during the reign of Elizabeth I
Frederick II... ssia, was merged with the former Duchy of Prussia. On 31 January 1773, Kingannounced that the newly annexed lands were to be known as the Province of ...
James I of Aragon... December 31, 1229, after three months of siege, the city was reconquered byand was renamed Palma de Mallorca. In addition to being kept as capital of ...
Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough... tional and familial reasons. Anne was advised (and many said controlled) by, who was a champion of Whig causes. In 1706, the Duchess of Marlborough f ...
NapoleonAfterimposed the Convention of Artlenburg (Convention of the Elbe) on July 5, 1 ...
Nicholas Serota... lly and internationally, as well as who are rising stars. Tate Director Sirhas been the Chair of the jury since his tenure at the Tate (with the exce ...
Lord GoldsmithBefore the invasion, the then UK Attorney General, advised that the war would be in breach of international law for six rea ...
Duchy of Savoy... ainst Napoleon, and later served as Ambassador in Turin, the capital of the
Louis IX... comprised almost entirely family feuds. He died in July 1450, and his son,(called the Rich) succeeded. About this time Bavaria began to recover some ...
Oscar II... an). Due to the dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden in 1905,had to change his motto
Duchy of Brabant... oped in Leuven (Lúbhan in Irish and Louvain historically in English) in the, now in Flanders (northern Belgium). The Flight of the Earls, in 1607, le ...
Laurence Olivier... 1983, he made his second onscreen appearance with fellow theatrical knightsand Ralph Richardson (following Olivier's own Richard III) in a television ...
Philip the Good... ken – to Italy and Spain, and he received commissions from, amongst others,, Netherlandish nobility and foreign princes. By the latter half of the fi ...
Edward VI... the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542. Henry VIII's son and successor, the young, continued with further religious reforms but his early death in 1553 pre ...
Bolko I of Opole... 1327 and Magdeburg rights in 1410. Opole developed during the rule of duke. In this time the castle was finally completed and new buildings, includi ...
Otto von Bismarck... ents to the imperial constitution that replaced the authoritarian system ofwith a parliamentary system
Sidney Nolan... eorge Eliot, Jacob Bronowski, Sir Ralph Richardson, Christina Rossetti, Sir, Alexander Litvinenko, Malcolm McLaren, and Radclyffe Hall
Borrell II of Barcelona... ce. Around 963, he entered the monastery of St. Gerald of Aurillac. In 967,(947–992), visited the monastery, and the abbot asked the Count to take Ge ...
George III... d Hanover. The Convention also meant the disbanding of the army of Hanover.did not recognize the Convention of the Elbe. As a result of this, a great ...
Alexander III... of government ministers of Russia who were personally appointed by the Tsarand by his son, Tsar Nicholas II. The additional Chinese Eastern Railway w ...
William of Mandeville... ks, the Fables, is dedicated to a "Count William", who may have been eitheror William Marshall. However, it has also been suggested that Count Willia ...
Abdullah##(born August 1922); current king, since 200
Guelders... ptured by Charles the Bold of Burgundy. In 1514, Charles of Egmond, duke of, took it from the dukes of Burgundy; in 1543, it fell to the emperor Char ...
Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of DorsetJane also had two other lovers: the queen's eldest son, and William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings. Grey's wife was the wealthy he ...
FritigilThe Christianisation of the Marcomanni occurred under their queen(mid fourth century), who corresponded with Ambrose of Milan to bring abou ...
Borrell II of Barcelona... celona, and probably also at the nearby Monastery of Santa Maria de Ripoll.was facing major defeat from the Andalusian powers so he sent a delegation ...
Anne BoleynThe ghost of, beheaded in 1536 for treason against Henry VIII, allegedly haunts the ch ...
Alexandra of Denmark... cil to campaign against the visit to Ireland of King Edward VII his consort
d'Holbach... heir actions are determined. "Hard determinists", such as Martin Luther and, are those incompatibilists who accept determinism and reject free will. ...
Robert Peel... They arise from the attempted assassination of the British Prime Minister,, in 1843 by Daniel M'Naghten. In fact, M'Naghten fired a pistol at the ba ...
Sigismund III... ry, suffered from dynastic distractions during the reigns of the Vasa kingsand Władysław IV. The Commonwealth fought wars with Russia, Sweden and the ...
Saigō Takamori... o convinced Ōkubo that the tobaku movement was doomed. In 1866, he met withand Chōshū Domain's Kido Takayoshi to form the secret Satcho Alliance to o ...
Ferdinand of Brunswick... of the Invasion of Hanover. It was recaptured by Anglo-German forces led bythe following year
Edward IV... or Woodville), sister of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers, father of Kingconsort, Elizabeth Woodville. When the Duke of Gloucester became King in 1 ...
Charles II... ore the restoration of the monarchy, the Protector's Council was abolished.restored the royal Privy Council, but he, like previous Stuart monarchs, c ...
Saint-Simon... natural daughter in 1692, the seating was described in the court memoirs of: "King James having his Queen on his right hand and the King on his left, ...
Mary... a succession crisis. He was wary of allowing his Catholic elder half-sisterto succeed, and therefore drew up a will designating Lady Jane Grey as his ...
Kallidike... where the four daughters of the local king Keleos and his queen Metaneira (, Kleisidike, Demo and Kallithoe) found her and took her to their palace t ...
King Charles I... n applauded the English people for having the courage to depose and execute. In his poem, however, he takes the side of 'Heav'n's awful Monarch' (iv ...
Humphry DavySir's work with electrolysis led to the conclusion that the production of ele ...
Henry Tudor... ately, the conflict culminated in success for the Lancastrian branch led by, in 1485, when Richard III was killed in the Battle of Bosworth Field
Lothair II... ll a minor, went Provence. To the second eldest and namesake of his father,, went the remaining territories to the north of Provence, a kingdom which ...
Nicholas II... ho were personally appointed by the Tsar Alexander III and by his son, Tsar. The additional Chinese Eastern Railway was constructed as the Russo-Chin ...
Sarah FergusonPrince Andrew marriedat Westminster Abbey on 23 July 1986, the same day The Queen created him D ...
Henry VIII's... ishment except death, without being bound by normal court procedure. Duringreign, the Sovereign, on the advice of the Council, was allowed to enact l ...
Paul von Hindenburg... Brüning was appointed as successor of Chancellor Müller by Reichspräsidenton 29 March 1930, after months of political lobbying by General Kurt von S ...
Alan Bullock... cal police, ignored the order. Researchers, including William L. Shirer and, are of the opinion that the NSDAP itself was responsible for starting th ...
Philip II... the Kingdom of Spain until 1561, when the city was destroyed by a fire and, born here, moved the capital to Madrid, starting a period of decadence f ...
Ernest Rutherford... perty of matter, and isolated the radioactive elements radium and polonium.and Frederick Soddy identified two of Becquerel’s forms of radiation with ...
Arthur, Prince of Wales... man who sat on the commissions in the Welsh Marches and clerk controller to, at Ludlow Castle. Thomas More, writing when she was still alive, but old ...
Andrew Carnegie... g located in downtown Medford. It was erected in 1911 thanks to a gift from, but was vacated in 2004 after a new library building was constructed nea ...
Paul von Hindenburg... Maximilian urged Emperor William II to abdicate. Despite similar advice byand Wilhelm Groener of the General Staff, the Emperor considered abdicatio ...
Napoleon... ork appeared ultimately in a published form. Thus, in 1808 he was placed byupon the council of the Imperial University, and in this capacity he presi ...
Kido Takayoshi... ovement was doomed. In 1866, he met with Saigō Takamori and Chōshū Domain'sto form the secret Satcho Alliance to overthrow the Tokugawa
Władysław IV... dynastic distractions during the reigns of the Vasa kings Sigismund III and. The Commonwealth fought wars with Russia, Sweden and the Ottoman Empire ...
Henry Fox... legitimate son of Charles II of England. In 1744, Lady Caroline eloped with, a politician who was eighteen years her senior. Though her parents disap ...
William IV'sIn 1837, the personal union of the United Kingdom and Hanover ended asheir in the United Kingdom was female (Queen Victoria). According to Salic ...
Philip III... him. It was made the capital of the kingdom again between 1601 and 1606 by. The city was again damaged by a flood of the Pisuerga and Esgueva rivers
Alan SugarSecondly, Amstrad founderwanted the machine to resemble a “real computer, similar to what someone w ...
King Charles II... ry of New Providence begins in 1664 when James, Duke of York and brother to, purchased the land from the Lenni Lenape Native Americans. This acquisit ...
Henry VIII... agued previous monarchs came to an end. The reign of the second Tudor king,, was one of great political change. Religious upheaval and disputes with ...
Charles VI... t part in the affairs of France, where his sister Isabella had married King. About 1417 he became involved in a violent quarrel with his cousin, Henr ...
Osbert Sitwell... of that Department at the end of the war. He refused a knighthood in 1918., in a letter to James Agate, notes that Bennett was not, despite current ...
Marie Antoinette... of France's internal history. His demonstration that letters attributed towere not genuine roused much interest in France. It was of the greatest im ...
Edward VII... es from 1403. The office was raised to the dignity of lord mayor in 1910 by"in view of the position occupied by that city as the chief city of East A ...
Ernest Augustus... herited by males. As a consequence, Hanover passed to William IV's brother,, and remained a kingdom until 1866, when it was annexed by Prussia during ...
Frederick III... supporting Emperor Leopold I in the War of the Spanish Succession, Electorwas allowed to crown himself "King in Prussia" in 1701. The new kingdom ru ...
Wilhelm von Gennep... ed by Gottfried IV. von Arnsberg during his war with the Cologne archbishop. For the reconstruction the archbishop granted an at first ten-year-old t ...
William BeveridgeIn the UK, the Labour Party was influenced by the British social reformer, who had identified five "Giant Evils" afflicting the working class of th ...
Ferdinand II, Holy Roman EmperorGregory interfered little in European politics, beyond assisting, and the Catholic League against the Protestants--to the tune of a millio ...
Duke of Gloucester... arl Rivers, father of King Edward IV consort, Elizabeth Woodville. When thebecame King in 1483, as Richard III, both Elizabeth and her mother Alice w ...
Margaret Thatcher... the 1979 elections resulted in the victory of its Conservative Party underin 1979. Industrialized countries, except Japan, experienced an economic r ...
Nicholas Serota... ring, a prize judge (Lynn Barber) writing in the press, and a speech by Sir(about the purchase of a trustee's work)
Giuseppe Caprio... des, he was not the naive idealist his critics made him out to be. Cardinal, the substitute Papal Secretary of State, said that John Paul quickly acc ...
Louis VII... and with his brother, John of Bavaria-Munich. On his death in 1413 his son, called the Bearded, succeeded. Before his accession, this restless and q ...
Luise of Prussia... composer, writing an operetta called Die Maske and sending a copy to Queen. The official reply advised to him to write to the director of the Royal ...
Lord John Russell... he Corn Laws. His colleagues resisted this. Soon afterwards the Whig leaderdeclared in favour of repeal. On 4 December 1845 an announcement appeared ...
Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham... t of which is believed to come word-for-word from the petition presented by, to the assembly which met on June 25, 1483, to decide on the future of t ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... ng by U.S. presidents. It has been cited as the favorite film of Presidentsand Bill Clinton
Josip Broz Tito... term. On the other hand, presidents like Alexandre Pétion, Rafael Carrera,and François Duvalier died in office. Kim Il-Sung was named Eternal Presid ...
James FitzGerald, 20th Earl of Kildare... t daughters be entrusted to the care of their sister Emily and her husband,. Lady Caroline resented this slight but hoped to redeem herself by presen ...
Clement Attlee... ister in the world: Chris Watson. In 1945, the British Labour Party, led by, was elected to office based upon a radical socialist programme. Social D ...
Edward III... l lion was, according to Wilfrid Scott-Giles, "said to have been granted by". By the 19th century the city corporation had added supporters, two ange ...
Richard Attenborough... ngs used the same actors in a lot of their films, including Ian Carmichael,, Terry-Thomas, Dennis Price, John Le Mesurier, Irene Handl and Miles Mall ...
John II... part of the duchy amongst Stephen's three sons, Stephen III, Frederick and, who founded respectively the lines of Ingolstadt, Landshut and Munich
consort... ent of laws that de-emphasized the influence of the old Roman nobility. Hiswas Empress Euphemia
Sigismund III Vasa... against the Protestants--to the tune of a million gold ducats)--as well as, King of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, against the Ottoman Empire. ...
Casimir I of OpoleIn the early 13th century Dukedecided to move the settlement from the Pasieka island into the right shor ...
Henry IV of Castile... rder of Santiago, Lord of Castellanos, a Maestresala official instructor ofand General of the Frontier of Portugal. Pedro de Alvarado's mother was Di ...
Frederick William I... East Prussians, especially in the province's eastern regions. Crown Princeled the rebuilding of East Prussia, founding numerous towns. Thousands of ...
Yaa Asantewaa... of Samory Ture's new-founded Wassoulou Empire in 1898 and the Ashanti queenin 1902, most West African military resistance to colonial rule came to an ...
Frederick... ed the greater part of the duchy amongst Stephen's three sons, Stephen III,and John II, who founded respectively the lines of Ingolstadt, Landshut an ...
Napoleon I... the little island of Saint Helena and stayed in the same building to whichwould later be exiled
Afonso VI of Portugal... n was recognized by the Treaty of Lisbon by which, on January 1, 1668, Kingformally ceded Ceuta to Carlos II of Spain. However, the originally Portug ...
King George VI... x years after he stepped down as prime minister, elevated to the peerage byas the Viscount Bennett of Mickleham in the County of Surrey and of Calgar ...
Lord Stanley... d decided to recall Parliament during January 1846 to repeal the Corn Laws.resigned from the Cabinet in protest. The next day Peel resigned as Prime ...
Saigō Takamori... e was the eldest of five children. He studied at the same local school with, who was three years older. In 1846, he was given the position of aide to ...
Penthesilea... s temporary truce with Priam, fought and killed the Amazonian warrior queen, but later grieved over her death. At first, he was so distracted by her ...
Robert II, Duke of BurgundyHe was married to Blanche (Bianca) of Burgundy, daughter ofand Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy. They had a daughter, Joan (Giova ...
Christian IV of DenmarkBishop Brynjólfur sent the Codex Regius as a present to King, hence the name Codex Regius. For centuries it was stored in the Royal Li ...
Robert Walpole... Jack Sheppard. At the same time, Jonathan Wild was understood to represent, whose government had been tolerant of Wild's thievery and the South Sea ...
County of SavoyHe was born around 1225 near Moûtiers in the Tarentaise region of the, then part of the Kingdom of Arles in the Holy Roman Empire, but now in s ...
James III of Scotland... pledged them as security on the dowry of his daughter, who was betrothed to. Although attempts were made during the 17th and 18th centuries to redeem ...
King Charles I... ther groups whose adherents believed the English Reformation was in danger.had ascended the throne in 1624, and he had married a Roman Catholic. Char ...
Richard Attenborough... st marriage to Michael Attenborough, the son of British film actor/director, lasted from 1971 to 1973. Her second marriage to Geoffrey Planer lasted ...
John Herschel... le toy figures of John Stuart Mill, poet Felicia Hemans, and astronomer Sir. Youthful inventiveness finds a way, however
Bedivere... a hand emerges from the lake to catch it, a tale which becomes attached toinstead in Malory and the English tradition
Leopold I... masters under jurisdiction of the Emperor. In return for supporting Emperorin the War of the Spanish Succession, Elector Frederick III was allowed to ...
Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy... o Blanche (Bianca) of Burgundy, daughter of Robert II, Duke of Burgundy and. They had a daughter, Joan (Giovanna), who married to John III the Good, ...
Stephen III... ich sub-divided the greater part of the duchy amongst Stephen's three sons,, Frederick and John II, who founded respectively the lines of Ingolstadt, ...
George III... esponsible for Lady Sarah Lennox's embarrassing rejection by the young King, as well as her disastrous marriage to Sir Charles Bunbury soon afterward ...
W. Averell HarrimanImage:William Averell Harriman.jpg|Former Secretary of Commerceof New Yor
Robert Walpole... es were also embraced throughout much of the Tudor and Stuart periods, withbeing another major proponent. In Britain, government control over the dom ...
George II... amed after the George Montagu, 4th Duke of Manchester, as suggested by King, who approved the royal patent on March 26, 1759. Montague was incorporat ...
William Longsword... rshall. However, it has also been suggested that Count William may refer to. Longsword was a recognized illegitimate son of Henry II. If Marie was ac ...
Frederick II... city, of the Holy Roman Empire. However, in 1242, during the war of Emperoragainst the Pope, the Archbishop of Mainz, Siegfried III, ordered the city ...
John of Gaunt... mily, the Neville's, were already established at court being descendants of's daughter Lady Joan Beaufort and her second husband, Ralph Neville, 1st ...
Lech Wałęsa... owerful supporter of the union and was greatly responsible for its success., who himself publicly displayed Catholic piety, confirmed the Pope's infl ...
Flora Fraser, 21st Lady Saltoun... in June 2010 that the total had been achieved. The monument was unveiled by, in August 2010
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart... tet with double bass. Antonín Dvořák's String Quintet in G major, Op.77 and's Serenade in G major, K.525 ("Eine kleine Nachtmusik") are the most popu ...
Lord Cardigan... in the fashionable 11th Regiment of Light Dragoons. The 11th, commanded by, later involved in the Charge of the Light Brigade, had just returned fro ...
Richard, Duke of York... House of York, so called because its head, a descendant of Edward III, was. Although the Duke of York died in battle in 1460, his eldest son Edward ...
Charles IIAfter the Restoration, Kingand his successor James II visited Hampton Court but largely preferred to ...
Thomas Spring-Rice... icability". He submitted a copy of this to the Chancellor of the Exchequer,, on 4 January 1837. This first edition was marked "private and confidenti ...
Winston Churchill... ied Europe. The Allied leaders, Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States,of the United Kingdom and Joseph Stalin of the USSR, had agreed in general ...
Nelson Mandela... choice of a new flag was part of the negotiation process set in motion whenwas released from prison in 1990. When a nationwide public competition was ...
Stephen IIThe two remaining brothers,and Albert I, ruled over Bavaria-Landshut and Bavaria-Straubing respective ...
Adelaide of Susa... 078. He ruled only nominally, as true power was in the hands of his mother,
Charles Bunbury... ion by the young King George III, as well as her disastrous marriage to Sirsoon afterwards, provoked a quarrel between the sisters that was not heale ...
King Edward VII... he set up the National Council to campaign against the visit to Ireland ofhis consort Alexandra of Denmark
Albert IThe two remaining brothers, Stephen II and, ruled over Bavaria-Landshut and Bavaria-Straubing respectively, and when ...
Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers... Wales. The prince was accompanied to Ludlow by his mother and by his uncle,, who carried out many of the administrative duties associated with the pr ...
Lord Dundonald... ul) modifications to test a newly-developed rotary steam engine designed by. At a cost of nearly £80, Rockets cylinders and driving rods were removed ...
Louis XVI... 9 April 1804) was a French statesman of Swiss birth and finance minister of, a post he held in the lead-up to the French Revolution in 1789
General William Howe... at the Emlen House, built by Quaker George Emlen in 1745. British commanderobserved the American lines from the belltower of St. Thomas' Episcopal Ch ...
Sir Garfield Barwick... period his political views became more conservative. He became a friend of, the Liberal Attorney-General who became Chief Justice of the High Court ...
Henry VI... e. Although he was victorious, his sudden death in 1422 left his infant sonon the throne, and gave the French an opportunity to overthrow English rul ...
Edward V of England... and the Marches, a body that had originally been set up to help the futurein his duties as Prince of Wales. The prince was accompanied to Ludlow by ...
King Edward VIIgranted Cardiff city status on 28 October 1905, and the city acquired a Ro ...
Porfirio Díaz... mber 20, 1910 when Francisco I. Madero planned an uprising against dictator's 31-year-long iron rule. Article 74 of the Mexican labor law (Ley Federa ...
Reginar... icitur: "duke of the kingdom that many call Lothair's". He was succeeded by, who led the nobility in electing Charles the Simple of West Francia king ...
Francis II of the Two SiciliesWhen the Bourbon rule collapsed in 1860 (see) a British man named James Stevenson bought the northern part of the isla ...
Ljudevit Posavski... The local princes were deposed for following the anti-Frankish rebellion ofand replaced by a Germanic (primarily Bavarian) ascendancy. In 843 it pass ...
Duchy of Brabant... incorporated into the Duchy of Lower Lotharingia, which became part of theat the end of the 12th century. Despite its proximity to Liège, the territ ...
Lady HoustonIn 1933,, a British millionairess, funded the Houston Everest Flight of 1933, whic ...
new king... sensitive diplomatic duties connected with the problematic behaviour of the, and as the 1936 abdication crisis looms, he gloomily predicts the coming ...
Harald Maddadsson... arls of Orkney continued to rule much of Northern Scotland until 1196, whenagreed to pay tribute to William the Lion, King of Scots for his territori ...
Charles IA strong believer in the notion of rule by divine right, England'spersecuted religious dissenters. Waves of repression led to the migration ...
Mary, Queen of Scots... t he could strike hard when necessary; and his action over the execution of, proved that he was willing to take on responsibilities from which the Qu ...
Henry V... ns; his success was partly due to the military skill of his son, the future. Henry V's own reign, which began in 1413, was largely free from domestic ...
Charles II of England... ox, 2nd Duke of Richmond, a legitimate descendant of an illegitimate son of. In 1744, Lady Caroline eloped with Henry Fox, a politician who was eight ...
Augustus III of PolandKingdied in 1763, and therefore Poland needed to elect a new ruler. Catherine ...
James IIAfter the Restoration, King Charles II and his successorvisited Hampton Court but largely preferred to reside elsewhere. By this t ...
Maximilian I... e Muscovite wars. 1515 he entered into alliance with the Holy Roman Emperor
Władysław Opolczyk... The second castle of Opole was probably founded in the 14th century by duke, though some sources claim that it was originally a wooden stronghold of ...
Henry VIIISincebroke with Rome, the Archbishops of Canterbury have been selected by the E ...
Benito MussoliniThenceforth, the National Fascist Party ofsuccessfully exploited the claims of Italian nationalists and the quest fo ...
Pelé... Downing Stadium for two seasons, starting in 1974. In 1975, the team signed, officially recorded by FIFA as the world's greatest soccer player, to a ...
king... n London, where daily life is affected by the illness and then death of the. The couple are personally happy, having resolved many of the problems in ...
Marquess of Clydesdale... ouston Everest Flight of 1933, which saw a formation of aircraft led by thefly over the summit in an effort to deploy the British Union Flag at the t ...
Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of RichmondThe Lennox sisters were daughters of, a legitimate descendant of an illegitimate son of Charles II of England. ...
Humphry Davy... of safety was provided by the safety lamp which was invented in 1816 by Sirand independently by George Stephenson. However, the lamps proved a false ...
Frederick II of Prussia... 40, date at which the prince-bishop Georges-Louis de Berghes bought it from. By that time, the town was mainly known for its able craftsmen: ceramist ...
Hugh Capet... attempt to take the Lorraine from Emperor Otto III (983–1002) by supporting(987–996). Capet became King of France, ending the Carolingian line of Kin ...
Prince of WalesEdward IV's eldest son was invested with the title ofat the age of seven months. At the age of three, he was sent by his father ...
Nelson Mandela... e 27 April elections, the nation's first fully inclusive elections, and for's 10 May inauguration. Although the flag had mixed reception, the interim ...
Laurence OlivierUnlike Welles's film,'s Othello (1965), based on John Dexter's National Theatre Company's produ ...
John D. Rockefeller... ard Oil began as an Ohio partnership formed by the well-known industrialist, his brother William Rockefeller, Henry Flagler, chemist Samuel Andrews, ...
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle... Robert Bloch, H. G. Wells (The War of the Worlds), Robert Louis Stevenson,, Mark Twain and the creator of The Three Investigators, Robert Arthur
Terence Rattigan... to stir controversy over his plays. Orton chose the name as an allusion to's "Aunt Edna", Rattigan's archetypal playgoer
Keith Joseph... ex. The councils involved were initially unable to decide upon a name, withsuggesting "Uxbridge" in October 1963, later revised to Hillingdon
William of Orange... s strategic position, Harwich was the target for the invasion of Britain byon November 11, 1688. However, unfavourable winds forced his fleet to sail ...
Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia... im a daughter named Anna Petrovna in December 1757 (not to be confused with, the daughter of Peter I's second marriage)
Charles V... ance. The agreement fell through, however, when Francis I was vanquished byat the (1525)
Meinhard... 1361; followed to the grave two years later by his only (and childless) son. Tyrol then passed to Habsburg. Brandenburg was lost in 1373
Edward VIII... due at least in part to the constitutional crisis of that year surroundingand his relationship with Wallis Simpson
Henry Bolingbroke... in his own hands. In 1399, while he was campaigning in Ireland, his cousinseized power. Richard was deposed, imprisoned, and eventually murdered, pr ...
Duke of Wellington... inaries from the government and industry, including the Prime Minister, the. The day started with a procession of eight trains setting out from Liver ...
Philip III of Spain... e Spanish ambassador to England, who had secured a copy and passed it on to), drawn circa 1607 by the Jamestown settler Francis Nelson, also gives cr ...
Niklot... imes they levied tribute from the Danes and Saxons. Under the leadership of, they resisted a Christian assault during the Wendish Crusade
Elizabeth von Arnim... including the American birth-control activist Margaret Sanger and novelist. In 1909 he had a daughter, Anna-Jane, with the writer Amber Reeves, whos ...
Ferdinand II... onarchs, the recently enthroned Isabella I Queen of Castile and her husbandKing of Aragon. Although Columbus had presented his navigational plan to t ...
CharlesPhilip has four children with Elizabeth:, Anne, Andrew and Edward. Through an Order in Council issued in 1960, des ...
Hainaut... ory, however, was complicated by its connections with Brandenburg, Holland,and Tirol, all of which the emperor had also left to his sons. All the six ...
John D. Rockefeller... orations until it was broken up by the United States Supreme Court in 1911.was a founder, chairman and major shareholder. As it grew exponentially an ...
William the Conqueror... towns in England to fall to the Normans in the Norman conquest of England.ordered the construction of a castle, to dominate the town and the nearby ...
John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury... age to Elizabeth Woodville. Lady Eleanor Butler (a young widow, daughter of) and Edward were alleged to have been precontracted; both parties were de ...
Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund... ismund was christened as the namesake of his mother's maternal grandfather,, who had died in 1437
Gilbert... d him by granting him the title margrave. Reginar was succeeded by his son,, who used the title dux Lotharingiae: "duke of Lotharingia". When the Wes ...
Robert Napier... dros II for its safe return to Empress Zewditu. The crown had been taken byduring the
Winston Churchill... ategy; he was a gracious host but was kept out of the important meetings byand Roosevelt
John Denham... lustrating the use of heroic couplets is this passage from Cooper's Hill by, part of his description of the Thames
Osbert Sitwell... ew, and commissioned original material from "names" like Arnold Bennett and. His artistic interests extended to music. While at Oxford he was introdu ...
Duke of Silesia... of Lithuania from 1506 until 1548. Earlier, Sigismund had been invested as
William of Orange... alace's antiquated state was addressed. England had two new joint monarchs,and his wife, the daughter of James II, Queen Mary II. Within months of th ...
count of GueldersThe city of Arnhem had its real origins in 1233 when Otto II,from Zutphen, conferred city rights on the town, which had belonged to the ...
Vasily IIIIntermittently at war withof Muscovy, starting in 1507 (before his army was fully under his command) ...
Mary II... t monarchs, William of Orange and his wife, the daughter of James II, Queen. Within months of their accession they embarked on a massive rebuilding p ...
Lord Finlay... s Andre Weiss of France, Antonio Sánchez de Bustamante y Sirven of Cuba andof the United Kingdom were elected by a majority vote of both the Council ...
Richard III... d intermittently during his reign and those of his son Edward V and brother. Edward V disappeared, presumably murdered by Richard. Ultimately, the co ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... a part of government operations since at least the Cold War, when Presidentprovided (via executive order) various measures designed to ensure that th ...
Arthur Wellesley... onnected passenger, Lady Barbara Wellesley, the fictional younger sister of(later to become the Duke of Wellington) become dangerously attracted to e ...
Philip II... n during the 1550s, sheep husbandry was discouraged in certain provinces bydue to the harmful effects of fires used in transhumance. As early as the ...
Lech Wałęsa... organization NSZZ Solidarity. It officially registered on 10 November 1980.and others formed a broad anti-Soviet social movement ranging from people ...
Princess of Wales... as Boots the Chemists, which was opened in November 1981 by the Prince and. It has entrances located opposite Chesterfield Market and escalators lea ...
Lord SalisburyCurzon became Assistant Private Secretary toin 1885, and in 1886 entered Parliament as Member for Southport in south-w ...
John Crichton-Stuart, 4th Marquess of ButeIn 1922, had sold the entire site and it was bought by the Cardiff Arms Park Comp ...
Winston Churchill... g the war her photograph was a sign of resistance against the Germans. Like, Queen Wilhelmina broadcast messages to the Dutch people over Radio Oranj ...
Paul von Hindenburg... erman Chief of the General Staff, Erich Falkenhayn, was replaced by General, with General Erich Ludendorff as his deputy, but in effect the operation ...
Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery... lpted in Carrara, Italy in 1882, and was unveiled by future Prime Minister,on 6 April 1882. Today, it features on the 2007 series of £5 notes issued ...
Lech Wałęsa... activities. In September 1981 Solidarity's first national congress electedas a president and adopted a republican program, the "Self-governing Repub ...
Henry VII of England... r, Edward IV's daughter Elizabeth of York later became the Queen consort of. The grounds for Titulus Regius, passed to justify the accession of Richa ...
King Charles I... setts Bay Company in 1628, he became involved in 1629 when the anti-Puritanbegan a crackdown on Nonconformist religious thought. In October 1629 he w ...
Louis V, Duke of Bavaria... she repudiated with the help of the Tyrolean aristocracy in order to marry, a member of the powerful Wittelsbach dynasty. This weakened the position ...
Queen consort... hard of Gloucester, Edward IV's daughter Elizabeth of York later became theof Henry VII of England. The grounds for Titulus Regius, passed to justify ...
John, Duke of Berry... g them the Holy Thorn Reliquary, probably created in the 1390s in Paris for. The collection was in the tradition of a schatzkammer or treasure house ...
Joseph Louis Lagrange... bert in the article Dimension in Encyclopedie. Another early venture was byin his Theory of Analytic Functions (1797, 1813). He said, "One may view m ...
Elector of Hanover... nder their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the). At the end of the Napoleonic Wars, the Electorate was enlarged to becom ...
Lazare Carnot... the Directory. France also lacked funds, and no longer had the services of, the war minister who had guided it to successive victories following ext ...
Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford... ic boys whose fathers had died before they reached maturity. These included, Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton,and Roger Manners, 5th Earl o ...
Richard the Lionheart... orwich received a royal charter from Henry II in 1158, and another one fromin 1194. Following a riot in the city in 1274, Norwich has the distinction ...
Lord Finlay... ice-President on 12 September 1928 to succeed Weiss, while a second death () left the Court increasingly understaffed. Replacements for Moore and Fin ...
Edward V... evertheless, continued intermittently during his reign and those of his sonand brother Richard III. Edward V disappeared, presumably murdered by Rich ...
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart... e goes forward twice and backward twice and arrives back at the same place.'s Scherzo-Duetto di Mozart is played by one violinist as written and the ...
Marquess of ButeThe town grew rapidly from the 1830s onwards, when thebuilt a dock which eventually linked to the Taff Vale Railway. Cardiff bec ...
Francis Spellman... Murray was called to the Council in April, 1963 at the request of Cardinalof New York (who was otherwise a theological conservative) to be a peritus ...
Dwight D. EisenhowerThe fight for the Republican (GOP) nomination was between General, who became the candidate of the party's moderate eastern establishment; ...
Salvador Dalí... e upper classes. Brassai photographed many of his artist friends, including, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Alberto Giacometti, and several of the pro ...
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi... e same year, Princess Fawzia of Egypt, the sister of King Farouk I, married, the then crown prince (later shah) of Iran. However, since the 1979 Isla ...
Charles III of Spain... is still colloquially named Ciutat ("city") in Catalan. In the 18th centuryremoved interdiction of commerce with Spanish colonies in America and the ...
Henry IINorwich received a royal charter fromin 1158, and another one from Richard the Lionheart in 1194. Following a r ...
James II... 1687. Three months later, Josiah Child and his deputy had an audience with, and as per the ensuing discussions, a Charter was issued by the king on ...
Terence Rattigan... loane lost money in its three-week run, but critical praise from playwright, who invested £3,000 in it, ensured its survival. The play was transferre ...
Roger Manners, 5th Earl of Rutland... e Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton,and. He is widely credited with reforming an institution notorious for its co ...
Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor... ts marketplace are again mentioned in an 887 document. By the 13th century,and Count of Luxemburg, was minting coins in Bastogne. In 1332, John the B ...
Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton... they reached maturity. These included Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford,,and Roger Manners, 5th Earl of Rutland. He is widely credited with reform ...
Charles V... elders, took it from the dukes of Burgundy; in 1543, it fell to the emperor. As capital of the so-called "Kwartier van Veluwe" it joined the Union of ...
Prince of the United Kingdom... rank of Commander, when Elizabeth became Queen in 1952. His wife made him ain 1957 and Lord High Admiral in 2011
Edward IV... e of York. Although the Duke of York died in battle in 1460, his eldest sonled the Yorkists to victory in 1461. The Wars of the Roses, nevertheless, ...
Jean-Georges GarneauThe Mayor of Quebec City,, in 1908 appointed a landmark commission under the chairmanship of Chief ...
Joseph Banks... nd were allocated to Cook and the Royal Society representatives: naturalist, Banks' assistants Daniel Solander and Herman Spöring, astronomer Charles ...
Ernest Pollock... t was a good one, from politicians, practising lawyers and academics alike., the former Attorney General for England and Wales said "May we not as la ...
EdwardPhilip has four children with Elizabeth: Charles, Anne, Andrew and. Through an Order in Council issued in 1960, descendants of Philip and El ...
King Charles I... the English Civil War. Also known as Parliamentarians, they fought againstand his supporters, the Cavaliers (Royalists), who claimed absolute power ...
Louis XVI of France... cant impact throughout Europe, which only increased with the arrest of Kingin 1792 and his execution in January 1793 for "crimes of tyranny" against ...
Benito Mussolini... od, attempting to gain supporters in a bid for political power. Inspired by's March on Rome, the Nazis attempted to seize power in Munich on 8–9 Nove ...
John Sparrow David Thompson... succeeded prime ministers who died in office (John A. Macdonald in 1891 andin 1894), a convention that has since evolved toward the appointment of an ...
Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey... es appear in Hughes's novel. Fraser uses them to make an ironic allusion to, and one of the heroes of Waterloo, who cuckolded the Duke of Wellington' ...
Rudolph IFor some years after Louis' death in 1294 his sonsand Louis, afterwards the emperor Louis IV, ruled their duchy in common; b ...
Anthony Greenwood... nding members of CND were Fenner Brockway, E. P. Thompson, A. J. P. Taylor,, Lord Simon, D. H. Pennington, Eric Baker and Dora Russell. Organisations ...
André MassénaIn 1810, a newly-enlarged French army under Marshalinvaded Portugal. British opinion both at home and in the army was negativ ...
Touraine#(Tours
Baron Carrington... o lived in Cliveden, Frederick, Prince of Wales who also lived in Cliveden,who lives in Bledlow, Benjamin Disraeli who lived at Hughenden Manor and w ...
Louis XIIIconferred on him the title of First Painter in Ordinary. In two years at P ...
John A. Macdonald... Freeway (Hwy 401) is named after Cartier and fellow Father of Confederation, as are Ottawa's Macdonald-Cartier International Airport and the Macdonal ...
John A. Macdonald... rnment Leader in the Senate, succeeded prime ministers who died in office (in 1891 and John Sparrow David Thompson in 1894), a convention that has si ...
Wenceslaus I of Legnica... I the Fair and his descendants. In the quarrel with his elder brother Dukea 1359 judgement by Emperor Charles IV alloted Lubin along with Krzeczyn W ...
James III of Scotland... backed an attempt by Alexander Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, brother of King, to take the Scottish throne in 1482. Gloucester led an invasion of Scotl ...
Morgan le Fay... by one wearing the scabbard did not bleed at all. The scabbard is stolen byand thrown into a lake, never to be found again
Sir Robert Walpole... era, a Ballad opera produced on the January 29, 1728 by John Rich, in whichwas caricatured. This famous piece, which was said to have made "Rich gay ...
George V... Alexandre Millerand and Prime Minister Raymond Poincaré of France, to Kingof the United Kingdom, and to the Zoological Garden (Jardin Zoologique) of ...
Edward II... However, gains in Scotland were reversed during the reign of his successor,, who also faced conflict with the nobility. Edward II was, in 1311, force ...
Mozart... – the finale has all the glory and ease of movement of the last movement of's Symphony No. 41
Edward IV... enhanced their standing. Catherine's grandfather, William, was part of King's court. William held the office of comptroller of the household from 147 ...
Charles I... e on the North wall. A brass to Veare Jenyns (1644) relates to the Court of, while other Jenynses, who were Lords of the Manor, link with Sarah, Duch ...
Henry XIIIThe first of these divisions occurred in 1255. Louis II and, the sons of Duke Otto II, who for two years after their father's death h ...
Mackenzie Bowell... inister. Two former prime ministers Sir John Joseph Caldwell Abbott and Sirserved in the 1890s while members of the Senate; both, in their roles as G ...
Gawain... of the Grail and the Vulgate Lancelot Proper section, Excalibur is used by, Arthur's nephew and one of his best knights. This is in contrast to late ...
Ottokar II of Bohemia... in the 13th century, Austria came briefly under the rule of the Czech King. Contesting the election of Rudolf I of Habsburg as emperor, Ottokar was ...
Lech Wałęsa... t emerged on August 31, 1980 at the Gdańsk Shipyard under the leadership of. It was the first non-communist party-controlled trade union in a Warsaw ...
Robert Peel... of Adam Smith and the classical economists. The repeal of the Corn Laws bysymbolised the emergence of free trade as an alternative system. Mercantil ...
Benjamin Britten... African-American cast), a BBC mime production starring Marcel Marceau, and's 1947 chamber orchestra composition Men of Goodwill: Variations on 'A Ch ...
Pat Buchanan... and by the Perot wing of the Reform Party, which disputed the nomination of. Hagelin's running mate in the 2000 election was Nat Goldhaber
Antwerp... was, again, looking for control of the Ardennes. The goal was to advance to, to cut off supply and separate British from American troops. On December ...
François Langelier... ission under the chairmanship of Chief Justice of the Quebec Superior Court. Amongst its recommendations for permanently recording the celebrations f ...
John II... Bavaria then passed to Henry XVILA. Dying in 1539, Henry left an only son,, who died childless in the following year, when the Wittelsbach emperor L ...
Henry Clay FrickIn 1909,, a steel magnate, bought the present-day so that his daughter Helen could ...
Ladislaus IV of Hungary... defeated and killed by Rudolf, who took Austria with the assistance of King
Geoffrey Fisher... the Palace's Music Room on 8 April 1960, by then Archbishop of Canterbury,, the Prince's godparents were: The Duke of Gloucester (his maternal grand ...
Lord Liverpool... ent of peace during 1814, corn prices decreased, and the Tory government ofpassed the 1815 Corn Law. This resulted in serious rioting in London
Simon de Montfort... aving the Crown to his nine-year-old son Henry III. Later in Henry's reign,led the barons in another rebellion, beginning the Second Barons' War. The ...
William... the Ros (or Roos) family enhanced their standing. Catherine's grandfather,, was part of King Edward IV's court. William held the office of comptroll ...
Louis Bonaparte... were killed, over 2000 were injured and some 220 homes were destroyed. Kingpersonally visited the city to provide assistance to the victims. Although ...
Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough... of Charles I, while other Jenynses, who were Lords of the Manor, link with. Judge John Heath, after whom Judge Heath Lane was named, is also buried ...
John of Austria... nd others, under the command of King Philip II's illegitimate half brother,) that defeated the Ottoman fleet on October 7 in the Gulf of Lepanto near ...
Edward VI... any historic events. In 1537, the King's much desired male heir, the future, was born at the palace and the child's mother, Jane Seymour, died there ...
Franconia... emko of Ścinawa by German settlers, maybe descending from Lower Lorraine or, in the course of the Ostsiedlung. It obtained its city rights about 1295 ...
Benjamin Britten... Epstein is mounted on the exterior of the new cathedral near the entrance.'s War Requiem, regarded by some as his masterpiece, was written for the o ...
Viceroy LinlithgowWhen World war II started,had unilaterally declared India a belligerent on the side of the Britain, ...
Ritchie Calder... its organising secretary. The other members of its executive committee were, journalist James Cameron, Howard Davies, Michael Foot, Arthur Goss, King ...
George Montagu, 4th Duke of ManchesterMontague Township was supposedly named after the, as suggested by King George II, who approved the royal patent on March 2 ...
Princess George of Greece... led in the Paris suburb of Saint-Cloud in a house lent to them by his aunt,
Prince-elector... ty's forerunner was the Kurkölnische Akademie Bonn (English: Academy of theof Cologne) which was founded in 1777 by Maximilian Frederick of Königsegg ...
Prince Charles... Howells made a scathing criticism of the exhibits as "conceptual bullshit".wrote to him: "It's good to hear your refreshing common sense about the dr ...
John Berkeley... n June 24, 1664. The Duke of York sold the area that is today New Jersey toand George Carteret for a proprietary colony, separate from the projected ...
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh... ebruary 1960), is the second son, and third child of Queen Elizabeth II and. At the time of his birth, he was second in the line of succession to the ...
Otto II... Frederick II, and died (assassinated) at Kelheim in September 1231. His son, called the Illustrious, the next duke, found that his loyalty to the Hoh ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... with demands that could not be met. In 1952, with the support of President, he began Mission 66, a ten-year effort to upgrade and expand park facili ...
Fernando Henrique Cardoso... authors it is more humane and efficient. The signers of this document are:, Ernesto Zedillo, Cesar Gaviria, Paulo Coelho, Enrique Santos, Mario Varg ...
Eleanor of Aquitaine... that Marie de France was known at the court of King Henry II and his wife,. A contemporary of Marie, the English poet Denis Piramus, mentions in his ...
Raphael... and Attila into a pious "fable which has been represented by the pencil ofand the chisel of Algardi", reporting that the Pope, aided by Saint Peter ...
George V... he London premiere of Der Schwanendreher when he heard news of the death of. He quickly wrote this piece for solo viola and string orchestra in tribu ...
King William IIIWilliam Prince of Orange (afterwards) landed in Brixham on 5 November 1688, during the Glorious Revolution, an ...
Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll... e was then called, was in the midst of arid and featureless grassland. When, and her husband, the then Governor General of Canada, passed through the ...
Cardinal Richelieu... ief minister was Cardinal Wolsey. An even more prominent example is that of, whose power was so great that he was for many years the real ruler of Fr ...
Gráinne... e – the High King Cormac mac Airt promises the now aging Fionn his daughteras his bride, but Gráinne falls instead for one of the Fianna, Diarmuid Ua ...
Duke of Montemar... Kébir and Oran in 1708. The Spanish returned in 1732 when the armada of thewas victorious in the Battle of Aïn-el-Turk and took again Oran and Mers E ...
Diana, Princess of Wales... ow. The even was viewed by an audience of about 3.5 million. The funeral of, had taken place on the same day, and the Frenchman therefore dedicated " ...
John of Bohemia... ts city rights about 1295. In 1329 Duke John of Ścinawa paid homage to King, who upon the death of John's brother Duke Przemko II of Głogów in 1331 i ...
Louis IIThe first of these divisions occurred in 1255.and Henry XIII, the sons of Duke Otto II, who for two years after their fa ...
Richard II... ses. In 1377 Edward III died, leaving the Crown to his 10-year-old grandson. Like many of his predecessors, Richard II conflicted with the nobles by ...
William of Orange... s Anne, who followed his advice in regard to the settlement of the crown on. He possessed the special confidence of William and Mary, and was made cl ...
Maharaja of Patiala... and the Simla Hill States. It was imagined as a theocratic state led by thewith the aid of a cabinet consisting of the representatives of other units ...
Henry II of England... welfth century; they are dedicated to a "noble king", usually assumed to be, or possibly his eldest son, Henry the Young King. Another of her works, ...
Louis XIV of France... s, which would have been the second-longest reign in Europe (behind that of), seventh-longest in the world, and the longest reign by a female monarch ...
James II... ow Revolution House, was the site of a meeting between conspirators againstin 1688. Among those meeting there were the Earls of Danby and Devonshire, ...
Count of SavoyThomas I or Tommaso I (1178, Aiguebelle – 1 March 1233) wasfrom 1189-1233. He was the son of Humbert III of Savoy and Beatrice of Vie ...
Louis XI of France... political setbacks — usually at the hands of his great Machiavellian rival, — Edward was a popular and very able king. While he lacked foresight and ...
Henry II, Duke of Bavaria... of Austria and was given to Leopold of Babenberg in 976 after the revolt of
Queen Mary I... rd VI, and then by both his daughters in turn. It was to Hampton Court that(Henry's eldest daughter) retreated with King Philip II of Spain to spend ...
Earls of Danby... n conspirators against James II in 1688. Among those meeting there were theand Devonshire, commemorated by the ducal crowns around the supporters' ne ...
James I... -twice-removed, the Scottish King, James VI, who became known in England asof the House of Stuart
Queen Olga of Greece... Sophie. He was baptised into the Greek Orthodox Church. His godparents wereand the Mayor of Corfu
Mozart... ing more to the contrapuntal language of Bach than the Classical clarity of
Charles IV... El Kébir. Both cities were held until 1792, when they were sold by the kingto the Bey of Algiers
Edward III... deposed and then murdered by his wife Isabella. His 14-year-old son became. Edward III claimed the French Crown, setting off the Hundred Years' War ...
Edward IV... of only two courtiers to become Knight of the Garter in the second reign of. Sir William Parr could claim royal descent through King John of England, ...
Arthur Conan Doyle... ing us by not admitting it." The famous author and believer in spiritualismhad years earlier made a similar accusation against the magician Harry Hou ...
John of England... le, which was first founded as a major defensive work on the orders of Kingin 1204, shortly after the Norman invasion of Ireland in 1169, when it was ...
Fürst... nstalling Carantanian dukes (or princes, both an approximate translation of), a practice that continued after Carantania was incorporated into the la ...
Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria... conveyed. An attempt supported by a wide coalition of parties, to establish, as a Staatskommisar with dictatorial powers in 1932 to counter the Nazis ...
Catherine of Aragon... e mainly owed his immunity. He had, moreover, had no part in the divorce ofor in the humiliation of Mary during Henry's reign, and he made no scruple ...
Henry the Young King... ng", usually assumed to be Henry II of England, or possibly his eldest son,. Another of her works, the Fables, is dedicated to a "Count William", who ...
John J. Pershing... onded to the Columbus raid by sending 10,000 troops under Brigadier Generalto Mexico to pursue Villa. This was known as the Punitive Mexican Expediti ...
Sir Edgar Speyer, 1st Baronet... s, the last individual to be expelled from the Council against his will was, who was removed on 13 December 1921 for pro-German activities during the ...
Gwilym Lloyd George... city of Wales on 20 December 1955, by a written reply by the Home Secretary. Caernarfon had also vied for this title. Cardiff therefore celebrated tw ...
Charles IKing James was succeeded in 1625 by his son, the ill-fated. For this king, Hampton Court was to become both his palace and his priso ...
Jamie Lee Curtis... ten by John Cleese about a zoo in peril of being closed. It starred Cleese,, Kevin Kline and Michael Palin. The dedication displays photos and the li ...
King John II of Portugal... later India. In 1485, Christopher Columbus unsuccessfully tried to persuade(João II) to sponsor an expedition to Asia, meant to be reached by sailing ...
Henry II of England... the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion. He engaged in conflict withover the rights and privileges of the Church and was murdered by followers ...
Elisabeth of Bavaria... uri (Γαστούρι) to the south of the city of Corfu Greece, Empress of Austriaalso known as Sissi built in 1890 a summer palace with Achilles as its cen ...
Sir Paul Hasluck... New South Wales in 1972. He was knighted in the New Year's Honours of 1974.was due to retire as Governor-General in July 1974, and the Prime Minister ...
Duchy of Carinthia... a practice that continued after Carantania was incorporated into the later. It was last performed in 1414, when the Habsburg Ernest the Iron was ent ...
Edward V of England... orge's Chapel, Windsor Castle. He was succeeded by his twelve-year-old son,
Isabella... 322. Nevertheless, in 1327 Edward was deposed and then murdered by his wife. His 14-year-old son became Edward III. Edward III claimed the French Cro ...
Frederick II... g part in German affairs during the early years of the reign of the emperor, and died (assassinated) at Kelheim in September 1231. His son Otto II, c ...
Władysław JagiełłoIn 1392, the city received an important trade privilege from king, and with the coming of the peace between Poland and Lithuania developed ...
Henry XHenry IX's son, called the Proud, succeeded in 1126, and also obtained the Duchy of Saxo ...
Duke of Suffolk... Pole, 3rd Duke of Suffolk, 6th Earl of Suffolk (1471/1472 – 30 April 1513),, was a son of John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk and his wife Elizabeth ...
Sir Robert Cecil... f Burghley on his death, was later created Earl of Exeter. His younger son,(later created Baron Cecil, Viscount Cranborne and finally Earl of Salisbu ...
Lord Acton... ecursor of state crimes in the 20th Century. Others, including Macaulay and, have historicized Machiavelli's Borgia, explaining the admiration for su ...
George SimpsonSirwas instrumental in establishing the fort, and Dr. John McLoughlin was its ...
Henry IX... Bavaria; two of his sons followed him in succession: Welf II from 1101 andfrom 1120. Both exercised considerable influence among the German princes
Robert Guiscard... 1080). The Byzantine Empire also faced foreign invasion, as the Norman Dukeof Apulia declared war under the pretext of defending the rights of young ...
Lady Mary... l in Henry's passing of the Third Succession Act in 1543 that restored bothand Lady Elizabeth to the line of succession to the throne
Dwight D. Eisenhower... ing for Northcutt Ely, Stevens volunteered for the presidential campaign of, writing position papers for the campaign on western water law and lands. ...
William (now Lord) Rees-Mogg... cle appeared in The Times, written by its traditionally conservative editor, but the Rolling Stones continued to face legal battles for the next deca ...
Cornelius VanderbiltWilliam Kissam Vanderbilt II, the great-grandson of, was an auto-racing enthusiast and created the Vanderbilt Cup, the first ...
William I, Count of Holland... nd took refuge here when she was fighting in a civil war against her uncle,. He besieged the stronghold and captured Ada
Saxe-Coburg... republics before merging to form the state of Thuringia in 1920, except for, which became part of Bavaria
Cooter Davenport(Live action co-stars Waylon Jennings (narrator/"balladeer"), Ben Jones (), Sonny Shroyer (Deputy Enos Strate), and Rick Hurst (Deputy Cletus Hogg) ...
William Paget... t erudite students of Greek that England possessed". Lily's pupils included, John Leland, Antony Denny, Thomas Wriothesley and Edward North, 1st Baro ...
Welf II... subsequently regained Bavaria; two of his sons followed him in succession:from 1101 and Henry IX from 1120. Both exercised considerable influence am ...
Sir Walter Raleigh... er became the Virginia Colony. The enterprise was financed and organized byand carried out by Ralph Lane and Richard Grenville, Raleigh's distant cou ...
Frederick V, Elector PalatineIn 1613, his sister Elizabeth marriedand moved to Heidelberg. In 1617 the Catholic Ferdinand II was elected kin ...
Bertrand Russell... declined to return to duty; instead, encouraged by pacifist friends such asand Lady Ottoline Morrell, he sent a letter to his commanding officer, tit ...
Edward VIII... married Edward "Fruity" Metcalfe, the best friend, best man and equerry of. Mosley exercised a strange fascination for the Curzon women: Irene had a ...
Elizabeth of York... of Suffolk, was a son of John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk and his wife
GluckShe sang the title role of's opera Orphée et Eurydice at Théâtre Lyrique in Paris in November 1859, ...
Sir Thomas CecilHis elder son,, who inherited the Barony of Burghley on his death, was later created Ear ...
Charles II of England... e Edward Morgan was Lieutenant-Governor of Jamaica after the Restoration ofin 1660. Henry Morgan married his uncle's daughter Mary, a cousin. Morgan ...
WelfIn 1070, King Henry IV deposed duke Otto, granting the duchy to Count, a member of an influential Bavarian family with roots in northern Italy
Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut... order to conquer the city since Leiden did not pay the new Count of Holland, his niece and only daughter of Count William VI of Holland. The army was ...
Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk... nd eventually marriages to Henry VIII. Also they were the granddaughters of. He was the father of Anne's mother Lady Elizabeth Howard, later Elizabet ...
Benjamin Britten... uded John Arlott, Peggy Ashcroft, the Bishop of Birmingham Dr J. L. Wilson,, Viscount Chaplin, Michael de la Bédoyère, Bob Edwards, MP, Dame Edith Ev ...
King Edward III... rr, Lord of the Manor of Kendal in Westmorland (now Cumbria), descendant of, and the former Maud Green (1492 –1531), daughter and co-heiress of Sir T ...
Count of Holland... ion of Leiden in order to conquer the city since Leiden did not pay the newJacqueline, Countess of Hainaut, his niece and only daughter of Count Will ...
Enos Strate... (narrator/"balladeer"), Ben Jones (Cooter Davenport), Sonny Shroyer (Deputy), and Rick Hurst (Deputy Cletus Hogg) did not appear in this cartoon vers ...
Charles XIV John... mself with the liberal opposition critical of the conservative rule of King
Edward Elgar... 7) became the stereotypical battlehorse of massed amateur choral societies.tried to revive the genre in the first years of the next century
William and Mary... rother George, who fled to France and became a wine merchant. However, whencame to the throne and the new Act of Settlement required all ministers to ...
Bona Sforza... humanism and the revival of classical antiquity. He and his third consort,, daughter of Gian Galeazzo Sforza of Milan, were both patrons of Renaissa ...
Henry VII... sion of the estates of Lady Margaret Beaufort. However, on the accession offollowing the Battle of Bosworth Field, Lincoln took the oath of allegianc ...
Robert de Beaumont... Gray the Bishop of Norwich, Eustace the Bishop of Ely, William Marshal, andthe Earl of Leicester to seek peace with Philip Augustus. Philip insisted ...
Margaret of York... Burgundy were his brother-in-law Charles, Duke of Burgundy, and his sister. Despite the fact that Charles was initially unwilling to help Edward, th ...
King James II... now Lakeville Road. In 1691 Dongan fled to New England and then Ireland, asand his Catholic forces failed to regain power in England and Ireland
Charles Theodore... is residence to nearby Mannheim. The court remained there until the Electorbecame Elector of Bavaria in 1777 and established his court in Munich. In ...
Louis XVIII... circumstances considerably. After Napoléon's defeat at Waterloo, a Bourbon,, the brother of Louis XVI, was restored to power. In 1814, Vigny enrolled ...
John Jacob Astor... 1810, fur trader, entrepreneur, and one of the wealthiest men in the U.S.,of the American Fur Company, outfitted an expedition (known as the Astor E ...
Frederick Barbarossa... r the command of Richard Lionheart instead). The elderly Holy Roman Emperorresponded to the call to arms, and led a massive army across Anatolia, but ...
John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu... his time, Edward was forced to flee when he learned that Warwick's brother,, had also switched to the Lancastrian side, making Edward's military posi ...
Richard The LionheartIn 1194 Kingreturned from being held captive in Austria, and set about summoning a fle ...
Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore... in which Frederick the town was named for, but the likeliest candidates are(one of the proprietors of Maryland )
William... rrs were a substantial northern knightly family. She had a younger brother,, later 1st Marquess of Northampton, and a sister, Anne, later Countess of ...
Emperor Frederick IThe struggle for its possession continued until 1156, when, in his desire to restore peace to Germany, persuaded Henry to give up Ba ...
Dowager Empress Maria... Golden Globe and earning a Emmy Award nomination for her performance as thein the 1986 miniseries
Galahad... Malory wrote tales of derring-do featuring Arthur, Guinevere, Lancelot and. Even in the 21st century, books and films about the Arthurian legend and ...
Mary Tudor... crown, as it was a royal badge used by Katherine of Aragon, Henry VIII and
Henry IWilliam I was succeeded by two of his sons: William II, then. Henry made a controversial decision to name his daughter Matilda (his on ...
Lancelot... es and Thomas Malory wrote tales of derring-do featuring Arthur, Guinevere,and Galahad. Even in the 21st century, books and films about the Arthurian ...
Duchy of SpoletoPontanus was born at Cerreto in the, where his father was murdered in one of the frequent civil brawls which ...
MozartShe was the mezzo-soprano in the Tuba mirum movement of's Requiem at Chopin's funeral at Église de la Madeleine in Paris on 30 Oc ...
Henry VIII... loyalty to the crown, as it was a royal badge used by Katherine of Aragon,and Mary Tudor
William I... liam V, Prince of Orange was handed over to the Dutch state by his son king. This collection formed the basis of the Royal Cabinet of Paintings of ar ...
Winston Churchill... provided valuable preparation for handling the challenging personalities of, George S. Patton, George Marshall and General Montgomery during World Wa ...
Duke of ValentinoisCesare Borgia (; , ; 13 September 1475 or April 1476 – 12 March 1507),, was an Italian condottiero, nobleman, politician, and cardinal. He was t ...
King James VII... ith his father. These brothers included Robert, who fled after fighting forin 1689 and became a banker in Rouen and half-brother George, who fled to ...
Conrad III... obtained the Duchy of Saxony in 1137. Alarmed at this prince's power, Kingrefused to allow two duchies to remain in the same hands, and declared Hen ...
Louis XI of France... by kings, placating respectively James II of Cyprus, Edward IV of England,, Matthias Corvinus of Hungary and Ferdinand I of Naples; one was the able ...
Edward VI... ven some who had the power to relax restrictions on the press at the end of's reign. The first edition may have had little or only partial commercial ...
Edward IV of England... ere candidates pressed by kings, placating respectively James II of Cyprus,, Louis XI of France, Matthias Corvinus of Hungary and Ferdinand I of Napl ...
Lothair I... 29 September. Coins that bear both the image of Benedict III and of Emperor, who died 28 September 855, exist; therefore, Benedict must have been rec ...
Stephen... as his heir. Following Henry's death in 1135 one of William I's grandsons,, laid claim to the throne, and took power with the support of most of the ...
Louis XVI... After Napoléon's defeat at Waterloo, a Bourbon, Louis XVIII, the brother of, was restored to power. In 1814, Vigny enrolled in one of the privileged ...
Christian IV of Denmark... ercial relations with their former homes. Some migrated as far as Scotland.invited some New Christian families to settle at Glückstadt about 1626, gr ...
Anne... younger brother, William, later 1st Marquess of Northampton, and a sister,, later Countess of Pembroke. Sir Thomas was Sheriff of Northamptonshire, ...
MedeaAchilles fought and killed the Amazon Helene. Some also said he married, and that after both their deaths they were united in the Elysian Fields ...
Henry III... and hospice. During the thirteenth century Portsmouth was commonly used byand Edward I as a base for attacks against France
Geoffrey Fitz Peter... his relations with other officers, Walter worked closely with the justiciar, on the collection of taxation, and both men went to Wales in 1203 on a d ...
Nelson Mandela... n Mandela and the Game That Changed a Nation and features Morgan Freeman as. Invictus earned Damon an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Ac ...
Henry III... ter whose death in 1026 it passed successively to Henry, afterwards Emperor, and then to another member of the family of Luxembourg, ruling as Duke H ...
King JohnThe town received its market charter in the year 1204 fromand around 250 stalls can still be found in the town centre every Monday, ...
King Henry VIII... as was Sheriff of Northamptonshire, Master of the Wards, and Comptroller to. Sir Thomas Parr was also a close companion of King Henry VIII. Her mothe ...
Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange... urice, Prince of Nassau-Siegen (1604–1679), who was a cousin of stadtholder, bought a plot bordering the Binnenhof and the adjacent pond named Hofvij ...
Cardinal RichelieuHe spent most of his working life in Rome, except for a short period whenordered him back to France to serve as First Painter to the King
Henry... ecarious hold on power but agreed to a compromise under which Matilda's sonwould succeed him. Henry accordingly became the first monarch of the Angev ...
Lord CranborneThe line "History teaches; never trust a Cecil!" was quoted with regard to, a contemporary member of the Cecil family who, in 1998, was dismissed fr ...
Elgar... ch just across the border in Cheshire. In 1895, he heard a choir rehearsing's King Olaf, attended the first performance and became a fervent enthusia ...
General WeberFollowing the signing of the armistice, Austrianinformed his Italian counterparts that the Imperial army had already laid ...
Lord John RussellThroughout the early years of the war, British foreign secretary, Emperor Napoleon III of France, and, to a lesser extent, British Prime M ...
J. Arthur Rank... films made in Great Britain during and after World War II – she was one of's 'well-spoken young starlets' – followed mainly by Hollywood films from ...
Alphonse de Lamartine... tic poets of the 1830s to 1850s include Alfred de Musset, Gérard de Nerval,and the flamboyant Théophile Gautier, whose prolific output in various for ...
Anne Boleyn... possession of the Howard family. Notable members of the Howard Family wereand Catherine Howard, second and fifth wives of Henry VIII. Both women wer ...
Maximilian... who was subsequently executed for these actions. Edmund sought the help of, the Roman-German king. In 1506, Maximilian's son, Phillip of Burgundy, w ...
Benjamin DisraeliIn a letter to Queen Victoria, Prime Ministerproposed "to clear Central Asia of Muscovites and drive them into the Casp ...
Richard I... nobility. Henry II faced rebellions from his own sons, the future monarchsand John. Nevertheless, Henry managed to expand his kingdom. Upon Henry's ...
Richard HarrisA film adaptation was released in 1990, directed by Jim Sheridan within the lead role
Marie Antoinette... ed in both French and English. Seymour appeared as the doomed French queen,; the actress's two children, Katherine and Sean, appeared as the queen's ...
James VI of ScotlandThe second son ofand Anne of Denmark, Charles was born in Dunfermline Palace, Fife on 19 No ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... rnher von Braun was MSFC's initial Director. On September 8, U.S. Presidentformally dedicated the MSFC
Paul von Hindenburg... lternatives to this policy during the Great Depression is an open question.became Reichspräsident in 1925
John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk... Earl of Suffolk (1471/1472 – 30 April 1513), Duke of Suffolk, was a son ofand his wife Elizabeth of York
Porfirio DíazDuring the regime offrom the 1800s to the 1900s, major economic changes occurred. These change ...
Ferdinand I of Naples... Edward IV of England, Louis XI of France, Matthias Corvinus of Hungary and; one was the able administrator of the Franciscans; and the last two elev ...
Lord Kitchener... ifference of opinion with the British military Commander-in-Chief in India,, regarding the status of the military member of the council in India, led ...
Walter Raleigh... Bay during the 16th century. In 1583, Queen Elizabeth I of England granteda charter to plant a colony north of Spanish Florida. In 1584, Raleigh sen ...
Charles VII of France... that the town took on a new lease of life, as the heir apparent, the future, had sought refuge in 1418 in the province. The town remained faithful to ...
Napoleon III... e majority of his life. However, he decided to live in exile as a result of's Coup d'état at the end of 1851
Lech Wałęsa... st 31, workers at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk, led by an electrician named, signed a 21-point agreement with the government that ended their strike. ...
Thomas Modyford... anded a ship in the old privateer Edward Mansfield's expedition sent by Sir, the governor of Jamaica. They seized the islands of Providencia and Sant ...
Henry... chosen German king as Henry II in 1002, gave Bavaria to his brother-in-lawof Luxembourg, after whose death in 1026 it passed successively to Henry, ...
Salvador Dalí... , the epic has also inspired other visual works by well-known painters likewho executed a set of ten colour engravings in 1974. Milton's achievement ...
Frederick William IV... hein University was thus nameless until 1840, when the new King of Prussia,gave it the official name Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität
John Hawkwood... speare, the fictional knight Tirant lo Blanch and the real-life condottieriwould be juxtaposed against the fantastical Don Quixote and the carousing ...
Eisenhower... eventually assumed control of South Vietnam. In the words of U.S. President
Henry VIII... ller to King Henry VIII. Sir Thomas Parr was also a close companion of King. Her mother, Lady Parr, was a close friend and attendant of Queen Catheri ...
Charles... led royal family in 1650, and in 1654 became official secretary to James on's recommendation, who had already been attracted by his "pleasant and agr ...
Anne... sfer of power to the Stuart administration under King James I. His daughterbecame the first wife of Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford in 1571; she ...
Guelders... and also included much of modern-day Drenthe. In 1336, it was made part of, though it was ceded to the Bishopric of Utrecht in 1347 and was known as ...
Charles II... so referred to as the Cromwellian Interregnum, was declared. Charles's son,, who dated his accession from the death of his father, did not take up th ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... help pass measures favored by the Democrats. Johnson, Rayburn and Presidentworked smoothly together in passing Eisenhower's domestic and foreign agen ...
Prince of Orange... s, towns and provinces. He was also a soveriegn ruler in his own right (seearticle). This gave him a great deal of prestige, even in a republic. He w ...
Margaret Thatcher... al backers included Sir Mark Thatcher, son of former British Prime Ministerand possibly the British novelist Jeffrey Archer. Somewhere between $3 mil ...
Henry VIII... other parts were added and a stable form finally appeared in 1540. In 1542authorised it as the sole Latin grammar textbook to be used in education a ...
Cardinal MazarinA centre of cloth production, begun under the patronage of, supported the town until the late nineteenth century
Richard I of England... strategic importance to the Christians, but the leader of the Crusade, King, constructed a citadel upon the ruins. Ashkelon subsequently remained par ...
Dave Grohl... February 2003, Costello, along with Bruce Springsteen, Steve Van Zandt, and, performed a version of The Clash's "London Calling" at the 45th Grammy A ...
King Louis XIV... ater, Racine accepted a position as a royal historiographer in the court of, alongside his friend Boileau. He kept this position in spite of the mino ...
Thomas Modyford... tes from attacking Spanish ships, the Crown relieved him, and appointed Sirin his place. Although Modyford proclaimed loyalty to the Crown, he became ...
Shirley Williams... n which the stranger replied "I'm so sorry. For a moment I thought you were"
Henry IV... Henry VII. In 1061, Empress Agnes, mother of and regent for the German king, entrusted the duchy to Otto of Nordheim
Lord Kelvin... n, George Westinghouse, Ernst Werner von Siemens, Alexander Graham Bell and, electricity was turned from a scientific curiosity into an essential too ...
Robert Carey... he charge of Alletta (Hogenhove) Carey, the Dutch-born wife of courtier Sir, who taught him how to talk and insisted that he wear boots made of Spani ...
Frederick William III... ersity professor in Bonn, was banned from teaching. Only after the death ofin 1840 was he reinstated in his professorship. Another consequence of the ...
Eugène de Beauharnais... for this accession of dignity was the marriage of his daughter Augusta with. On March 15, 1806 he ceded the Duchy of Berg to Napoleon
Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte... e Napoleon Bonaparte II (5 November 1830 – 3 September 1893) was the son ofand Susan May Williams
Cao Zhi... ge, as their sophistication and complexity reached new heights. The earlier, son of Cao Cao, is regarded as one of the greatest poets of his day. His ...
Prince of Wales... Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471. The Lancastrian heir, Edward of Westminster,, was killed on the battlefield. A few days later, on the night that Edwar ...
Nicolás de Ovando... tled in Hispaniola, which he helped pacify under the leadership of Governor
HenryLike the family of King's second wife, the Boleyns, the Parr family had gone up in the world as a ...
Amalric I... kuh's troops camped outside of Cairo, Egypt's sultan, Shawar called on Kingof Jerusalem for assistance. In response, Amalric sent an army into Egypt ...
Mark Thatcher... bers of the South African Army 32 Battalion. Financial backers included Sir, son of former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and possibly the ...
Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk... ine Howard, second and fifth wives of Henry VIII. Both women were nieces of, who played a major role in the machinations behind their relationships, ...
James... d the exiled royal family in 1650, and in 1654 became official secretary toon Charles's recommendation, who had already been attracted by his "pleasa ...
Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of YorkHis mother was the second surviving daughter ofand Cecily Neville. She was also a younger sister to Edward IV of England ...
Cletus Hogg... oter Davenport), Sonny Shroyer (Deputy Enos Strate), and Rick Hurst (Deputy) did not appear in this cartoon version)
King James I... and arranging a smooth transfer of power to the Stuart administration under. His daughter Anne became the first wife of Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of ...
Alexander Seton, Lord Fyvie... d, with his father's friend and the Lord President of the Court of Session,, appointed as his guardian
Éamon de Valera... rs, Lynch became speech writer and research assistant for the party leader,
Francis I of France... rgs and Russia, in 1524 Sigismund signed a Franco-Polish alliance with King. The agreement fell through, however, when Francis I was vanquished by Ch ...
Field Marshal Montgomery... beret suppliers to the armed forces during World War II, including famously
Anne Neville... r (later King Richard III of England), were married to Isabella Neville and. They were both daughters of Warwick by Anne Beauchamp and rival heirs to ...
Henry VII... III, and then to another member of the family of Luxembourg, ruling as Duke. In 1061, Empress Agnes, mother of and regent for the German king Henry I ...
Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley... l College, Oxford. At university he took the Stanhope prize for an essay onin 1877, became lecturer at Pembroke College in 1887, and fellow of All So ...
Margaret of York... ard IV of England and Edmund, Earl of Rutland as well as an older sister to, George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence and Richard III of England
Charles VIII of France... nso. The most doubtful passage in his diplomatic career is when he welcomedupon the entry of that king into Naples in 1495, thus showing that he was ...
Frederick William III... ofessorship. Another consequence of the Carlsbad Decrees was the refusal byto confer the chain of office, the official seal and an official name to t ...
Prince of OrangeThewas also not just another noble among equals in the Netherlands. First, he ...
Jeffrey Archer... British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and possibly the British novelist. Somewhere between $3 million and $20 million was expended on the failed ...
Richard III of England... hers, George, Duke of Clarence, and Richard, Duke of Gloucester (later King), were married to Isabella Neville and Anne Neville. They were both daugh ...
second wifeLike the family of King Henry's, the Boleyns, the Parr family had gone up in the world as a result of roy ...
Edward IV of England... enet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville. She was also a younger sister toand Edmund, Earl of Rutland as well as an older sister to Margaret of York ...
Henry III... upt end after John died in 1216, leaving the Crown to his nine-year-old son. Later in Henry's reign, Simon de Montfort led the barons in another rebe ...
Grace Kelly... erican Western film directed by Fred Zinnemann and starring Gary Cooper and. The film tells in real time the story of a town marshal forced to face a ...
Bohemond III... f Christian soldiers and the capture of several Crusader leaders, including, Prince of Antioch. Nur ad-Din sent the scalps of the Christian defenders ...
Lord Exeter... k that transformed Peterborough from a market town to an industrial centre.had opposed the railway passing through Stamford, so Peterborough, situate ...
Nicholas Kaldor... essed prices, as he was convinced that Japan would honour its obligations (pages 66–67)
Susan May Williams... ember 1830 – 3 September 1893) was the son of Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte and
John the Blind... man Emperor and Count of Luxemburg, was minting coins in Bastogne. In 1332,, his son, granted the city its charter and had it encircled by defensive ...
Electors... ere granted far-reaching rights in the Golden Bull, in addition to becoming. In 1386, the University of Heidelberg was founded by Rupert I, Elector P ...
Henry II of France... together. King Henry III of France confirmed the privileges granted them by, and protected them against such slanders and accusations as those which ...
George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence... and Edmund, Earl of Rutland as well as an older sister to Margaret of York,and Richard III of England
principality of Benevento... al of a state comprising a compact and strategic region between the Lombardand the Byzantine city-states of the coast (Naples, Gaeta, and Amalfi)
Ferdinand II... shorter route to Asia. He eventually received the backing of Isabella I and, Queen and King of newly united Spain. In 1492 Columbus reached land in t ...
Sybilla... ing year, Baldwin V died before his ninth birthday, and his mother Princess, sister of Baldwin IV, crowned herself queen and her husband, Guy of Lusi ...
Charles II... Britain. In 1793 her niece Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, daughter of Dukemarried Frederick William III of Hohenzollern and in 1797 became queen con ...
William Crookes... the elements it was not until the late 1800s that the element was isolated.observed the phosphorescent spectra of the rare elements and observed spec ...
Richard III of England... er sister to Margaret of York, George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence and
Ferdinand I... King Louis II of Bohemia at the Battle of Mohács, Silesia was inherited by, placing Opole under the sovereignty of the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria. ...
Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington... e Honourable Arthur Wesley", the fourth son—third of five surviving sons—to, and Anne, the eldest daughter of Arthur Hill-Trevor, 1st Viscount Dungan ...
Bernard MontgomeryIn a visit made sometime before the attack,had told the British army commander in Palestine, General Sir Evelyn Barke ...
Louis XIII of FranceUnderthe conversos of Bayonne were assigned to the suburb of St. Esprit. At St. ...
Władysław Łokietek... Voivodeship, one of the provincial capitals Voivodeships of Poland, by king. A notable centre of trade, Kalisz was also located more or less in the c ...
Isabella I... rope to find a shorter route to Asia. He eventually received the backing ofand Ferdinand II, Queen and King of newly united Spain. In 1492 Columbus r ...
Giorgio VasariThe sources for Paolo Uccello’s life are few:’s biography, written 75 years after Paolo’s death, and a few contemporary ...
King James I... to return without even making it to Roanoke Island. Having been arrested byfor treason, Raleigh was unable to send any further missions
Treniota... e married to Vykintas and another to Daniel of Halych. Vykintas and his sonplayed major roles in later power struggles. Mindaugas had at least two wi ...
Arthur of Brittany... 's choice was John, but Walter initially leaned towards John's young nephew. When Marshall was insistent on John, who was an adult, the author of the ...
Frederick V... e. In November 1619, the royal crown of Bohemia was offered to the Elector,. (He was married to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of James I and VI of Engla ...
Laurence Olivier... year-old Woodward rushed out into the parade of stars and sat on the lap of, star Vivien Leigh's partner and future husband. She eventually worked wi ...
Frederick I BarbarossaThe elderly Holy Roman Emperorresponded to the call immediately. He took up the Cross at Mainz Cathedral ...
Arthur Hill-Trevor, 1st Viscount Dungannon... —to Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington, and Anne, the eldest daughter of. He was most likely born at their townhouse, 24 Upper Merrion Street, Dub ...
Samuel SlaterThe village of Slatersville was largely built byand his brother John Slater beginning in 1803. It is a well preserved orig ...
Henrietta MariaOn 11 May 1625 Charles was married by proxy toin front of the doors of the Notre Dame de Paris, before his first Parliam ...
William de la Pole, 1st Duke of SuffolkHis paternal grandparents wereand Alice Chaucer. Suffolk was an important English soldier and commander ...
Pat Buchanan... s and more moderate Senator Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania. However populistupset Dole in the early New Hampshire primary, with Dole finishing second ...
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart... working in the late 18th and early 19th century, particularly Joseph Haydn,, Ludwig van Beethoven and Franz Schubert. Though Mozart and Schubert did ...
HenryIn 955 Henry's young son, surnamed the Quarrelsome, succeeded him, but in 974 he became involved i ...
Robert Borden... as introduced in the House of Commons, 1913, by Conservative Prime Minister. The new closure rule was immediately tested by the government only a few ...
Przemysł II of PolandIn 1282 the city laws were confirmed byand in 1314 it was made the capital of the Kalisz Voivodeship, one of the ...
King George VI... e B of the Constitution Act, 1982, and the Letters Patent issued in 1947 by. The office and its functions are instead governed by constitutional conv ...
Charles V... t, Cortés sent a troupe of ōllamanime (ballplayers) to Spain to perform forwhere they were drawn by the German Christoph Weiditz. Besides the fascina ...
Henry... e reflects the Tudor period with emblems of the crucifixion and the arms ofand Aragon (the lands passed to Henry VIII as a consequence of the )
Otto von Bismarck... ppe Garibaldi, a general and national hero. In 1866 Prussian Prime Ministeroffered Victor Emmanuel II an alliance with the Kingdom of Prussia in the ...
King George III... of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, sister of Duke Adolphus Frederick IV, by marryingbecame queen consort of Great Britain. In 1793 her niece Louise of Mecklen ...
Frederick II of Prussia... ed of little worth to Maria Theresa. The peace was initially broken by King, who invaded Silesia. Soon other powers began to exploit Austria's weakne ...
William Marshal... Life of William Marshal, which dates to soon after 1219, when word reached, one of the richest and most influential barons, that Richard was dead, h ...
Henry III of France... pt the Sabbath and feast-days as best they could, and prayed together. Kingconfirmed the privileges granted them by Henry II of France, and protected ...
Charles Lyell... ol of geological thought lost ground to uniformitarianism, as championed byand others, which claimed that the geological features of the earth were b ...
Sir William Temple's... was appointed a commissioner of the treasury in March 1679, was included innew modeled council the same year, and was a member of the inner cabinet w ...
John HawkwoodFile:Firenze.Duomo.Hawkwood.JPG|Sir(fresco in the Duomo, Florence
Robert Guiscard... the Byzantines lost Bari, their last possession in Italy, to the Normans ofin 1071. Simultaneously, they faced a serious revolt in the Balkans, where ...
Mozart... had completed 32, an unusually large number for any composer since Haydn or. More remarkably, he completed 14 of these symphonies in his 80s, and sev ...
Mary Victoria LeiterIn 1895 he married, the daughter of Levi Ziegler Leiter, an American millionaire of German M ...
Adolphus Frederick IV... minent marriages: In 1761 Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, sister of Duke, by marrying King George III became queen consort of Great Britain. In 17 ...
Benjamin Disraeli... Good Companions (1933), the lead in Alfred Hitchcock's Secret Agent (1936),in The Prime Minister (1940), Cassius in Julius Caesar (1953) (BAFTA Award ...
Marie François Sadi Carnot... September 187316 August 1894) was an Italian anarchist and the assassin of, President of the French Third Republic
Charles... ogne became part of the lands of the Spanish Crown when the Burgundian heirbecame King of Spain in 1516
Richard Neville, 16th Earl of WarwickWith the support of his cousin("The Kingmaker"), Edward defeated the Lancastrians in a succession of bat ...
Henry II... res to reform the monasteries. His son and successor, chosen German king asin 1002, gave Bavaria to his brother-in-law Henry of Luxembourg, after who ...
Joseph Louis Lagrange... 8, 1794, the president of the commission which developed the metric system,, proposed in a report to the commission the names déci-jour and centi-jou ...
Lord Willoughby... shortly after, but his son, the 2nd Earl of Carlisle, leased the patents tofor 21 years in 1647. Neither ever attempted to settle the northern island ...
Sir Francis Drake... e fort, which the colonists were able to repel. Soon after the attack, whenpaused on his way home from a successful raid in the Caribbean and offered ...
Michael HowardDuring the 2005 general election, Conservative leadervisited the town. However, Sanders retained the seat with 40.8% of the vot ...
Giorgio Vasari... ician who was notable for his pioneering work on visual perspective in art.in his book Lives of the Artists wrote that Uccello was obsessed by his in ...
John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute#(30 June 1744 – 16 November 1814
Frederick of Swabia... rned to Germany, in anticipation of the upcoming Imperial election. His sonled the remaining 5,000 men to Antioch. There, the emperor's body was boil ...
LuitpoldDuring the reign of Louis the Child,, Count of Scheyern, who possessed large Bavarian domains, ruled the Mark ...
King James IEnglish (and Scottish) monarchgranted a patent to the Earl of Carlisle for Tortola, as well as "Angilla, ...
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor... he belligerent victory of the Icamiaba “women” over the Spanish invaders to, who, recalling the of Greek mythology, baptized the river Amazonas, the ...
Mozart... (where her father, mother, brother and sister gave the first performance of's Don Giovanni in the United States, in the presence of the librettist, L ...
Sir John Lubbock... ithos, "stone", literally meaning "New Stone Age." The term was invented byin 1865 as a refinement of the three-age system
Secretariat(, the 1973 winner, is credited with running 1:53 2/5 by the Daily Racing F ...
William... Garter; the same month he proceeded with Buckingham on a mission, first toat The Hague, and afterwards to Louis at Utrecht, endeavouring to force up ...
Louis XIII... aris while en route to Spain. It was a good match since she was a sister of(their father, Henry IV, had died during her childhood). Parliament reluct ...
Duchy of Parma... t: Maria Theresa lost the mineral-rich Duchy of Silesia to Prussia, and theto Spain
Stephen... ing royal action was the aftermath of the disastrous civil war between Kingand the Empress Maud. The two competing factions had hired mercenary soldi ...
Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange... ant reference to the influence of Aelian in the 16th century is a letter tofrom his cousin William Louis, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg on December 8, 1 ...
Ilya Prigogine... reasing "entropy gap", casting doubt on the heat death hypothesis. Invoking's work on far-from-equilibrium thermodynamics, their analysis suggests th ...
Earl of CumberlandIn 1598 theis reported to have used the islands as a staging ground for his later att ...
Alphonso the Magnanimous... delli, through whose influence he gained admission to the royal chancery of. Alphonso discerned the singular gifts of the young scholar, and made him ...
Earl of Strafford... h legal campaigns, as it later did against Buckingham, Archbishop Laud, theand Charles I. However, Parliament and James came to blows when the issue ...
William McMahon... on lost a vote of no confidence in the Liberal caucus. The Liberals electedas their new leader, and he became Prime Minister. With the Liberals in tu ...
Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon... per classes, such as Sir Richard Hill, the Methodist MP for Shropshire, andwere exposed to contempt and ridicule, and Wilberforce's conversion led hi ...
John III Sobieski... s. Following the successful defense of Vienna in 1683 led by King of Poland, a series of campaigns resulted in the return of all of Hungary to Austri ...
George V... o under the British Raj (1857–1920). British had captured Delhi by 1803 andannounced in 1911 that the capital of British controlled parts of India wo ...
Manfred von RichthofenOn 7 July 1918, after the death of Wilhelm Reinhard, the successor of, Göring was made commander of the famed "Flying Circus", Jagdgeschwader 1 ...
Casimir IV JagiellonThe son of Kingand Elisabeth of Austria, Sigismund followed his brothers John I of Poland ...
Queen ElizabethIn 1939, King George VI andtoured the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth. During the visit, the Queen and ...
Louis Lucien Bonaparte... ed a particular interest about the Basque Language after meeting the Princein London. He started his academic work on Basque in 1852
Prince Henry... ries from all over the world. Among those in attendance were George V's son, Marshal Franchet d'Esperey of France, and the Prince of Udine representi ...
Lucrezia Borgia... VI and his long-term mistress Vannozza dei Cattanei. He was the brother of; Giovanni Borgia (Juan), Duke of Gandia; and Gioffre Borgia (Jofré in Cat ...
Richard IHenry II of England died on July 6, 1189 following a defeat by his son(Lionheart) and Philip II. Richard inherited the crown and immediately beg ...
King Henry VI... oners in 1876. The Bridge Fair, as it is now known, granted to the abbey by, survives. Prayers for the opening of the fair were once said at the morn ...
Lady Margaret Beaufort... III of England, who gave him a pension and the reversion of the estates of. However, on the accession of Henry VII following the Battle of Bosworth ...
Louis XIV... ed in the treaty, and for making terms with France. He refused a bribe from, but allowed his wife to accept a gift of 10,000 crowns; in 1670 he was t ...
AntwerpJacob Le Maire (c. 1585,or Amsterdam - December 22, 1616, at sea) was a Dutch mariner who circumna ...
Duke of Wellington... Marquess of Anglesey, and one of the heroes of Waterloo, who cuckolded the's brother Henry Wellesley and later - in one of the period's more celebra ...
Amalasuntha... Ostrogothic king Athalaric, the grandson of Theodoric through his daughter. Both were unable to settle disputes among Gothic elites. Theodahad, cous ...
Louis XIII of France... l to Francois de Malherbe's in verse. In 1631 he published a eulogy of Kingentitled Le Prince; in 1652 the Socrate chrétien, and Aristippe ou de la C ...
Laurence OlivierWhengave his acclaimed performance of Othello at the Royal National Theatre in ...
Frederick William III of Hohenzollern... r niece Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, daughter of Duke Charles II marriedand in 1797 became queen consort of Prussia
Oscar Peterson... erforming in festivals and concerts with such musicians as Louis Armstrong,, Dinah Washington, George Shearing, Cal Tjader, and Thelonious Monk. She ...
Rochambeau... as "the village of pretty houses." In addition, French troops under Generalencamped in Farmington en route to Westchester County to offer crucial sup ...
Diana, Princess of Wales... high that television cameras were blown over. The audience, which included, was on the second evening soaked by rain and wind
Maria Theresa of Austria... d the accession in 1737 of Francis Stephen, duke of Lorraine and husband of, led to Tuscany's temporary inclusion in the territories of the Austrian ...
Charles X Gustav of Sweden... o territorially connect his two fiefs. Yet, during the Second Northern War,invaded Ducal Prussia and dictated the Treaty of Königsberg (January 1656) ...
Prince Rupert of the Rhine... ooning military leaders for political purposes. A pamphlet directed againstis a typical example. During the 19th century, irreverence towards authori ...
Prince Eugene of Savoy... strian defeat. The territorial advances made in the last Turkish War, under, in Bosnia, Serbia and Oltenia (Lesser Wallachia), were obliterated. Popu ...
Edward... hree children and was personally involved in the education of Elizabeth and, both of whom became English monarchs. She was influential in Henry's pas ...
Prince Harry of Wales... ate are: The Duke of Edinburgh, The Prince of Wales, The Duke of Cambridge,and The Duke of York
William Mackinnon... n of Zanzibar's coastal possessions in 1885, followed by the arrival of Sir's British East Africa Company (BEAC) in 1888, after the company had recei ...
Henry Wellesley... e of the heroes of Waterloo, who cuckolded the Duke of Wellington's brotherand later - in one of the period's more celebrated scandals - married Well ...
Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers... ow of Henry VI's uncle, John of Lancaster, Duke of Bedford, but her father,, was a new-minted baron. Elizabeth's marriage to Edward IV made the unmar ...
Norman Foster... entre and Concert Hall, Santiago Calatrava's Zubizuri, the metro network by, the tram, the Iberdrola Tower and the Zorrozaurre development plan, amon ...
Charles the BoldImage:Charles the Bold 1460.jpg|Portrait of, 146
Louis the Bavarian... d thereby, Wiesbaden, received the right of coinage from Holy Roman Emperor
Sir Oswald Mosley... ife peer in her own right; Cynthia, who became the first wife of politician; and Alexandra Naldera ("Baba"), who married Edward "Fruity" Metcalfe, th ...
Jacques Rogge... e invitation from China to the world to share in its culture. IOC presidentwas very happy with the emblem, saying, "Your new emblem immediately conve ...
King Arthur... is epic to be based on a legendary English or Saxon king like the legend of
William IV... eat, death, or resignation. The last monarch to remove a Prime Minister was, who dismissed Lord Melbourne in 1834. The Fixed-term Parliaments Act 201 ...
Henry VIII... ms of the crucifixion and the arms of Henry and Aragon (the lands passed toas a consequence of the )
Antoine, bastard of BurgundyImage:Antoine de Bourgogne.jpg|Portrait of, c 146
Arthurian legend... ted. Jenkins' run is more traditionally English in its themes, with Albion,, and old English battles all featuring, and even an appearance by Samuel ...
Conrad I... rians in 911, uniting Bavaria and Carinthia under his rule. The German kingunsuccessfully attacked Arnulf when the latter refused to acknowledge his ...
Louis XIV... iage of his daughter Liselotte to Philip I, Duke of Orléans, the brother of, king of France. In 1685, after the death of Charles Louis' son Elector C ...
Theobald IV... Champagne. He received an education befitting a young noble at the court of, count of Champagne: reading, writing, and the rudiments of Latin. On the ...
Lord Melbourne... . The last monarch to remove a Prime Minister was William IV, who dismissedin 1834. The Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 removed the monarch's authori ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... ion focused on Aurora for seven weeks during the fall of 1955, as Presidentrecovered from a heart attack at Fitzsimons Army Medical Center. In 1943 t ...
John Gorton... nister for three weeks until the Liberals could elect a new leader. Senatorwon the vote and became Prime Minister. The leadership campaign was conduc ...
Ada, Countess of HollandLeiden was sacked in 1047 by Emperor Henry III. Early 13th century,took refuge here when she was fighting in a civil war against her uncle, W ...
Henry IV... in. It was a good match since she was a sister of Louis XIII (their father,, had died during her childhood). Parliament reluctantly agreed to the mar ...
Henry II of England... g control of the city. In response to Strongbow's successful invasion, Kingreaffirmed his sovereignty by mounting a larger invasion in 1171 and prono ...
Margaret Thatcher... as found to be the fourth most recognisable after the Queen, Tony Blair and
Henry Tudor... h this claim was though an illegitimate line, it was no weaker than that of, who dislodged the House of York from the throne in 1485
Edward VIISince the reign ofa clerk in holy orders in the Church of England or in another Anglican Chu ...
Franz Joseph I... elm II, and with the emperors of Austria-Hungary, in particular with Kaiser
John of England... reland, was founded in 1204 as a major defensive work on the orders of King. Following the appointment of the first Lord Mayor of Dublin in 1229, the ...
Antwerp... It is on the Albert Canal and the European route E313, the highway betweenand Liège, one of the reasons why it was the place for the first Belgian " ...
Titian... rence to others which he did through study of the Antique and works such as’s Bacchanals at the Casino Ludovisi and the paintings of Domenichino and ...
Home... th a special act to allow him to sit in the House of Commons; in 1963 Lordsand Hailsham were only able to be candidates owing to recent legislation p ...
Peter III... alone, four emperors were assassinated within less than 200 years: Ivan VI,, Paul I, and Alexander II
Madvig... nische Grammatik, 1818), which stood as a standard work until superseded by's in 1844. He edited Quintilian's Institutio Oratoria (1831), Cicero's Ve ...
Benito Mussolini... he consorted with Nazi industrialists. In Ecstasy and Me, Lamarr wrote thatand Adolf Hitler attended Mandl's grand parties. She related that in 1937 ...
Winston Churchill... respect of front-line commanders. He interacted adeptly with allies such as, Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery and General Charles de Gaulle. He had s ...
John... d peers attempted to undo Henry's reforms by the Magna Carta forced on King, but by that time the reforms had progressed too far — and their superior ...
William de Croÿ:For the lord of Chièvres, advisor to Emperor Charles V, see:
Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz... ng King George III became queen consort of Great Britain. In 1793 her niece, daughter of Duke Charles II married Frederick William III of Hohenzoller ...
Edward I of England... not permitted to live in Wales between the 1290 Edict of Expulsion—given by—and the 17th century. A Welsh Jewish community was re-established in the ...
Louis XIV of FranceIn 1604, Kingsent a large number of people to settle in Guyana, which would bring the F ...
Louis XV of France... François Georges-Picot, and also a great-great-great-granddaughter of Kingby one of his mistresses, Catherine Eléonore Bernard (1740–1769) through h ...
John... y career went from strength to strength. Joined by his younger half-brother, he helped found what some have called London's first police force, the B ...
Hans Sloane... since its foundation in 1753 after receiving 160 Egyptian objects from Sir. After the defeat of the forces under Napoleon at the Battle of the Nile ...
John Maynard Keynes... r among merchants because it was what is now called "rent seeking". Howeverargued that encouraging production was just as important as consumption,an ...
Laurence Olivier... and based on a novel by English author Daphne du Maurier. The film starredand Joan Fontaine. This Gothic melodrama explores the fears of a naïve you ...
YoshihitoOn July 30, 1912, the Meiji Emperor died and Crown Princebecame the new emperor of Japan and succeeded to the throne, beginning the ...
Meiji EmperorOn July 30, 1912, thedied and Crown Prince Yoshihito became the new emperor of Japan and succee ...
William Herschel... old. It was the marriage place (May 7, 1788) and burial place (1822) of Sir(in whose memory there stands a newly erected stained-glass window depicti ...
Sarah, Duchess of YorkIn May 2010,was filmed by a News of the World reporter claiming that the Duke of York ...
Laurence Olivier... d III in the first episode of Blackadder, "The Foretelling", which parodies's portrayal. He narrated the short film "Diplomatix" by Norwegian comedy ...
Tassilo I... he Upper Drava region, where they soon fought with the Bavarians under Duke. In 592 the Bavarians won, but three years later, in 595 the Slavic-Avar ...
Marthe Camille Bachasson, Count of Montalivet... esses, Catherine Eléonore Bernard (1740–1769) through his great-grandfather, and by whom Giscard d'Estaing was a multiple descendant of Charlemagne
King Juan Carlos IOn 4 February 2011, Vargas Llosa was raised into the Spanish nobility bywith the hereditary title of Marqués de Vargas Llosa (English: Marquis of ...
Richard Boyle, 2nd Earl of Cork... Castlehaven sacked the town and Castle. Some restoration was carried out by(1612-1698) to make it habitable again but neither he nor his successors l ...
Baroness Catherine Ashton... further five years. His vice president, as of 2010, is High Representative
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz... Empire. Nevertheless, its princesses achieved prominent marriages: In 1761, sister of Duke Adolphus Frederick IV, by marrying King George III became ...
Nelson Mandela... smond Tutu and also visited Winnie Mandela, wife of imprisoned black leader. Upon returning, Kennedy became a leader in the push for economic sanctio ...
Saxe-Lauenburg... tian also became Duke of Schleswig, a Danish fief, and Count of Holstein, aian subfief within the Holy Roman Empire. Christian inherited Holstein and ...
Benito Mussolini... akie as "Benzino Napaloni", dictator of Bacteria, a jab at Italian dictator
Benito MussoliniThe Harmony Boys of 2 May 1940 depicts Hitler, Stalin, Italian dictator, and Spanish dictator Francisco Franco "harmonizing" and getting along qu ...
Alexander II... uke of Baden, and Princess Maria Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg, a niece of, Czar of Russia
Duke of York... 1 to reign in peace until his sudden death. Before becoming king he was 4th, 7th Earl of March, 5th Earl of Cambridge and 9th Earl of Ulster. He was ...
Fernando Henrique Cardoso... s. In 1998, a constitutional reform, led by the government of the President, introduced regulatory agencies as a part of the executive branch. Since ...
Saigō TakamoriHowever, he was unable to win over former colleagueregarding the future direction of Japan. Saigo became convinced that Japan ...
Hailsham... ial act to allow him to sit in the House of Commons; in 1963 Lords Home andwere only able to be candidates owing to recent legislation permitting the ...
Leopold... aden-Baden, Maximilian was the son of Prince Wilhelm of Baden, third son of, grand duke of Baden, and Princess Maria Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg, ...
Asfaw Wossen... Asfaw, Haile Selassie had six children: Princess Tenagnework, Crown Prince, Princess Tsehai, Princess Zenebework, Prince Makonnen, and Prince Sahle ...
Prince of Wales... irm received further warrants from Edward as king and from George V both asand as king
Jackie Stewart... ident. Ickx finished second in the drivers' championship, with 37 points to's 63. Brabham himself took a couple of pole positions and two top three f ...
Edward de Vere... ich supports the idea that the works of William Shakespeare were written by. His part largely revolves around his being father-in-law to de Vere, and ...
King George IIIOn 16 February 1768, the Royal Society petitionedto finance a scientific expedition to the Pacific to study and observe the ...
Sir John King... , the government was not keen to continue. In 1983, BA's managing director,, convinced the government to sell the aircraft outright to British Airway ...
James I of England... her Scottish cousin, James VI of Scotland, to the English throne. He became, and so brought under his personal rule the Kingdoms of England (and the ...
George Carteret... he Duke of York sold the area that is today New Jersey to John Berkeley andfor a proprietary colony, separate from the projected New York. The actual ...
Sarah, Duchess of York... graph saying "I will not be marrying Andrew now or in the future." In 2007,purchased Dolphin House, a mansion directly beside the Royal Lodge. In 200 ...
the Viscount Bennett... in state in the Centre Block of Parliament Hill. Only Mackenzie Bowell andwere given private funerals, Bennett also being the only former Prime Mini ...
Otto von Bismarck... he bones of one British grenadier" was an echo of a famous sentence used by: "The whole of the Balkans is not worth the bones of a single Pomeranian ...
George V... he idea received the support of the Dean of Westminster and later from King, responding to a wave of public support. At the same time, there was a si ...
Arthur Conan Doyle... ut for Bluehouses at the Nevill Ground, where he sometimes played alongside. He also played cricket for his house at Marlborough College, once taking ...
Georgios I... hing behind their flags. The official opening of the games was done by King
Henry IV... Silent of the Netherlands (1584), and the French kings Henry III (1589) and(1610) lives were all ended by assassins. High medieval sources also menti ...
Philip III of Spain... he Duchy of Savoy, to mediate between Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy andin their dispute concerning the Gonzaga Marquisate of Montferrat. In Septe ...
Mieszko the Old... s initial privileges and in 1426 a new town hall was built. The Polish kingwas buried in Kalisz
Charles II of EnglandThe Royal Declaration of Indulgence was's attempt to extend religious liberty to Protestant nonconformists and Ro ...
Napoleon III... de Beauharnais, duke of Leuchtenberg, and bore a resemblance to his cousin,, emperor of the French
Henry II, King of England... lished in the early 7th century. It was still an ecclesiastical centre whenstayed here in 1171, and except for a brief period after 1185 when his son ...
Henry the Fowler... s through which the imperial authority could be exercised. By the reigns ofand especially of Otto the Great, comites palatini were sent into all part ...
George V... of Commons, but in private admitted that he was prejudiced against Curzon., who shared this prejudice, was grateful for the advice and authorised St ...
Louis XIV... Lully's revolution in Baroque music, and most importantly, the ascension ofto the throne of France
AntwerpThe main cities in Belgium in terms of population are Brussels,, Ghent, Charleroi and Liège. Other notable cities include Bruges, Namur, ...
James II... on and take Anglican communion. When Charles II's openly Catholic successorattempted to issue a similar Declaration of Indulgence, an order for gener ...
King George II... n South Carolina. In 1730, Camden became part of a township plan ordered by. Kershaw County’s official web site states, “Originally laid out in 1732 ...
duke of Spoleto... om his see at Cerveteri for safety. Sergius was forcibly exiled by Lambert,, and all the official records were destroyed; consequently, most of the s ...
John McEwen... House. His maiden speech provoked an interruption by future Prime Minister, who was told by the Speaker that maiden speeches are traditionally heard ...
Henry III... (1296), William the Silent of the Netherlands (1584), and the French kings(1589) and Henry IV (1610) lives were all ended by assassins. High medieva ...
Bob HopeThe fathers of modern American stand-up comedy, Jack Benny,, George Burns, Fred Allen, Milton Berle and Frank Fay all came from vaude ...
Manfred von Richthofen... He was the last commander of Jagdgeschwader 1, the fighter wing once led by, "the Red Baron"
Harold II... he petty kingdoms of early medieval Britain. The last Anglo-Saxon monarch () was defeated and killed in the Norman invasion of 1066 and the English m ...
Gilbert... nkish kings. In 939 the East Frankish king Otto I brought the reigning duketo heel and incorporated Lotharingia into his realm as one of the "younger ...
Lord Bassam of Brighton... recruits to the same terrorist training camps in Pakistan used by Al Qaeda., then Home Office minister, stated that International Sikh Youth Federati ...
Marquis de Lafayette... War hero Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, better known as the
Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy... 1616 the pope sent him as nuncio to the Duchy of Savoy, to mediate betweenand Philip III of Spain in their dispute concerning the Gonzaga Marquisate ...
County of Hainaut... , the area was continuously disputed between the County of Flanders and the. Therefore, the region (including neighbouring places like Lessines, Elle ...
Benito Mussolini... ish newspaper Jyllands-Posten published on its front page an open letter towritten by Kaj Munk criticising the persecutions against Jews
Richard Boyle... ing his imprisonment for High Treason in 1602 to another famous adventurer,, later 1st Earl of Cork
County of Flanders... ere. Since the 13th century, the area was continuously disputed between theand the County of Hainaut. Therefore, the region (including neighbouring p ...
Sir Cyril Newall... d troops during the Battle of France. He, along with his immediate superior, then Chief of the Air Staff, resisted repeated requests from Winston Chu ...
duc de Chartres... become commonplace in France, at the supper celebrating the marriage of theto Louis XIV's natural daughter in 1692, the seating was described in the ...
Freigraf... dy (a branch of the French royal dynasty) to render their rare German title, which was the style of a (later lost) bordering principality, the allodi ...
Eudoxia Lopukhina... f Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich, son of Peter I of Russia by his first consort, and Princess Charlotte
Benjamin Disraeli... traditionally heard in silence. Whitlam responded to McEwen by stating thathad been heckled in his maiden speech, and had responded, "The time will c ...
James VI and I... of England, King of England, Scotland and Ireland (reign 1625-49) in 1600., the King of England, Scotland and Ireland and his wife, Anne of Denmark, ...
Maximilian II of Bavaria... dation of Ranke, Sybel accepted the post of professor at Munich, where King, a generous patron of learning, hoped to establish a school of history. H ...
Salvador DalíHenri de Toulouse-Lautrec,
Giorgio VasariHis daughter Antonia Uccello (1456–1491) was a Carmelite nun, whomcalled "a daughter who knew how to draw". She was even noted as a "pittore ...
Grand Duke Frederick II... , spent the rest of his life in retirement. In 1928, following the death of, he became head of the House of Baden. He died at Salem the following yea ...
Prince Charles... gh took up residence at Clarence House. Their first two children were born:in 1948 and Princess Anne in 1950
Frederick IIKingof Prussia conquered most of Silesia from Austria in 1740 during the Siles ...
Thomas Browne... Hamlet, the "Melancholy Dane." Other major melancholic authors include Sir, and Jeremy Taylor, whose Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and Holy Living and Ho ...
Max Hastings... f the city provoked unease in intellectual circles in Britain. According to, by February 1945, attacks upon German cities had become largely irreleva ...
Joshua Reynolds... le:Sir Joshua Reynolds 008.jpg|Colonel John Hayes St. Leger (detail) by SirFile:Thomas Rowlandson (12).jpg|Rowlandson often satirised the military Fi ...
Philip II... . The people joined with the other Dutch and rebelled against Charles' heir. Overijssel became governed by the most powerful mayors and lords in the ...
Otto I... nce between the East and West Frankish kings. In 939 the East Frankish kingbrought the reigning duke Gilbert to heel and incorporated Lotharingia int ...
Charles V... 16th century, the Rebellion of the Brotherhoods (a peasant uprising against's administration) and the frequent attack of Turkish and Berber pirates c ...
Bertrand Russell... dicisse Pythagorea omnia ("They say Plato learned all things Pythagorean")., in his A History of Western Philosophy, contended that the influence of ...
principality of Wales... sh monarchy passed to the Norman conquerors. In the thirteenth century, thewas absorbed by England, and Magna Carta began the process of reducing the ...
Lord Camden... the colony. Kershaw suggested that the town be renamed Camden, in honor of, the champion of colonial rights
Henry II of EnglandThe Assize of Clarendon was an 1166 act ofthat began the transformation of English law from such systems for decidin ...
Charles V... nd was known as het Sticht. The Bishops ceded the Oversticht to the Emperorin 1528, who styled himself Lord of Overijssel, thereby giving the provinc ...
William Alexander, 1st Earl of Stirling... a colony on Cape Breton Island at Baleine, Nova Scotia and Alexander’s son,established the first incarnation of “New Scotland” at Port Royal, Nova Sc ...
Louis XIV... held the role of the dominant power in Europe, as it had since the times of. In its place, the United Kingdom emerged as by far the most powerful cou ...
Christopher MonckWhen Thomas Lynch died in 1684, his friendwas appointed to the governorship and arranged the dismissal of Morgan's s ...
Garfield Barwick... ntatives, Whitlam called fellow MHRs Bill Bourke "this grizzling Quisling",(who would, as High Court Chief Justice, play a role in Whitlam's downfall ...
Radelchis I... year of his imperial coronation and compelled the rival dukes of Benevento,and Siconulf, to make peace. His mediation split the Lombard duchy and gav ...
James I of Aragon... sed by the Moors (who called it Medina Mayurqa), and finally established by
Duke of York... of Farmington but was sold to the Puritans in a land charter granted by thein 1830. Avon was originally called Northington (the north parish) before ...
Henry VIII... k. In 1527, with some of the money from the dissolution of the monasteries,built Southsea Castle and decreed that Portsmouth be home of the Royal Nav ...
Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim... on the reform and modernization of the Qing Dynasty. The task was given to, at the time a colonel in the Russian army, who travelled to China with F ...
Louis I the FairFrom 1348 Lubin Castle served as the residence of the Piast dukeand his descendants. In the quarrel with his elder brother Duke Wenceslaus ...
Charles IX of FranceOn May 1, 1561, Kingreceived a lily of the valley as a lucky charm. He decided to offer a lily ...
Edward Heath... o Dandy in 1986 - was when, in 1974, Else took a leaf out of Prime Minister's book and went on a "three day week", forcing Alf to fend for and feed h ...
John II of Castile... Berlin, was given in 1445 to the Charterhouse of Miraflores near Burgos by; it was described in the deed of gift as the work of great and famous Fla ...
Henri Coiffier de Ruzé, Marquis of Cinq-Mars... e published a substantial historical novel, Cinq-Mars, based on the life of; with the success of these two volumes, Vigny seemed to be the rising sta ...
James I... n Burghley House and Theobalds (which his son, Robert, was to exchange withfor Hatfield House). As the Marquess of Winchester (Burghley's predecessor ...
William Crookes... ers included Michael Faraday, Alfred Russel Wallace, Rufus Osgood Mason and. Their work predominantly involved carrying out focused experimental test ...
Duke of York... on at Westminster Abbey on 23 July 1986, the same day The Queen created him, Earl of Inverness, and Baron Killyleagh all titles previously held by bo ...
William McMahon... "hereditary streak of insanity". After he stated that future Prime Ministerwas a "quean", he apologised
Lloyd George... , India, at the time) and had lost “his old pompous ways”. Curzon served in's small War Cabinet as Leader of the House of Lords from December 1916. I ...
Charles Calvert... ulation was 146,551. Its county seat is La Plata. This county was named for(1637–1715), third Baron Baltimore
Robert Walpole... his positions within the government and went into active opposition against, Britain's first Prime Minister who was regarded as corrupting British po ...
Charles IV... his elder brother Duke Wenceslaus I of Legnica a 1359 judgement by Emperoralloted Lubin along with Krzeczyn Wielki, Krzeczyn Mały, Osiek and Pieszkó ...
Henry VII... nd Tower be built at the mouth of the harbour, which was completed in 1426.rebuilt the fortifications with stone, raised a square tower, and assisted ...
Richard of GloucesterAlthough his son was quickly barred from the throne and replaced by, Edward IV's daughter Elizabeth of York later became the Queen consort of ...
King Charles IIBy 1681, then-acting governor Morgan had fallen out of favour with, who was intent on weakening the semi-autonomous Jamaican Council, and wa ...
Treniota... ossibly renouncing Christianity, and was assassinated in 1263 by his nephewand another rival, Duke Daumantas. His three immediate successors were ass ...
Henry IIIKinghad a palace here. The spot is still marked on modern maps as "Cippenham M ...
George V... al Warrant. The firm received further warrants from Edward as king and fromboth as Prince of Wales and as king
Éamon de Valera... iffith's concept of an Anglo-Irish dual monarchy and the new members, under, who wanted to achieve a republic. Matters almost led to a split at the p ...
Louis XV... he had the satisfaction of seeing his daughter Maria become the consort ofand queen of France. From 1725 to 1733, Stanisław lived at Chateau Chambor ...
Richard IIIPrior to his succession, on 22 June 1483,declared that Edward V was illegitimate, and three days later the matter w ...
Ninian Comper... Of more modern buildings, St Philip's Cosham is cited as a fine example of's work. There are numerous other active churches and places of worship th ...
Maria MiloslavskayaFyodor was born in Moscow, the eldest surviving son of Tsar Alexis and. In 1676, at the age of fifteen, he succeeded his father on the throne. H ...
Juan Carlos I of Spain... s each year. The Marivent Palace was offered by the city to the then Prince. The royals have since spent their summer holidays in Palma
Titian... The first objective was originally sought by masters such as Rembrandt and, to represent folds in clothes or jewels: it was then juxtaposed with mor ...
Tycho BraheFurther advances in the instrument were made by(1546–1601), whose elaborate armillary spheres passing into astrolabes are ...
Asfa Wossen... taged an unsuccessful coup, briefly proclaiming Haile Selassie's eldest sonas emperor. The coup d'état was crushed by the regular army and police for ...
princess... e Thirty Years' War, coupled with the fact that he married a Roman Catholic, generated deep mistrust concerning the king's dogma. Charles further all ...
Lord DunsanyFurthermore, Lovecraft's discovery of the stories ofwith their pantheon of mighty gods existing in dreamlike outer realms, mov ...
Winston Churchill... made about aerial bombardment of major cities with gas in Mesopotamia, with, then-Secretary of State at the British War Office, arguing in favor of i ...
Nelson Mandela... of privilege. Honorary freemen include Bob Geldof, King Harald V of Norway,, Bobby Robson, Alan Shearer and the Royal Shakespeare Company. The Hoppin ...
Mussolini... gure could be found for Danes. However, Munk's attitude towards Hitler (and) turned to outspoken disgust, as he witnessed Hitler's persecution of the ...
Michael Laudrup... s fueled speculation in June 2007 that Recreativo had offered Danish legenda contract to coach the club in 2007–08. According to Laudrup's agent, the ...
Hugh Trenchard... o. 16 Squadron. After the Battle of the Somme, Dowding clashed with General, the commander of the RFC, over the need to rest pilots exhausted by non- ...
Duchy of SavoyIn August 1616 the pope sent him as nuncio to the, to mediate between Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy and Philip III of S ...
François-René de Chateaubriand... writers than those experiencing it at first hand. The first major figure is, a minor aristocrat who had remained a royalist throughout the Revolution ...
Robert Walpole... f his work being savagely critical of the contemporary government under Sir
George SimpsonSirthen instructed Alexander Ross to organize and lead a party of Red River C ...
Charles Forte, Baron Forte... f F1 motor racing fame was educated at St Joseph's College, Dumfries as was. St Joseph's was founded by Brother Walfrid, the founder of Celtic F.C
Traidenis... e successors were assassinated as well. The disorder was not resolved untilgained the title of Grand Duke ca. 1270
Bobby Robson... norary freemen include Bob Geldof, King Harald V of Norway, Nelson Mandela,, Alan Shearer and the Royal Shakespeare Company. The Hoppings funfair, sa ...
Adolphus Frederick... named Point Adolphus (today a well-known humpback whale feeding area) after, seventh son of King George III. In 1878, W.H. Dall, while working on a c ...
Richard le Breton... nd four knights, Reginald fitzUrse, Hugh de Morville, William de Tracy, and, set out to confront the Archbishop of Canterbury
Edward VIIIn the 1880s, Prince Edward (later) purchased his country seat of Sandringham House in Norfolk and asked Tho ...
Emperor Napoleon III... e. She and her family left France due to her husband's public opposition toand settled in Baden-Baden, Germany. In 1870, however, Johannes Brahms per ...
Jogaila... s the only King of Lithuania; while most of the Lithuanian Grand Dukes fromonward also reigned as Kings of Poland, the titles remained separate. Now ...
Count Gerhard III... ational hero for having assassinated an earlier German occupier of Denmark,, was a contemporary analogue to World War II-era Denmark
Queen Mary... th would typically have taken Philip's last name on marriage; however, when, Elizabeth's paternal grandmother, heard of this suggestion, she informed ...
Princess of Wales... ederick, Bute became close to his widow, Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, the Dowager. It was rumoured that the couple were having an affair, and indeed soon a ...
King Ferdinand IV... this period. Napoleon's troops succeeded in entering Naples itself, forcingto flee the city with his family. For the Maltese this meant that only Bri ...
Gian Galeazzo Sforza... of classical antiquity. He and his third consort, Bona Sforza, daughter ofof Milan, were both patrons of Renaissance culture, which under them began ...
Frederick William III... ein-Universität) was then founded on October 18, 1818, by the Prussian king. It was the sixth Prussian University, founded after the universities in ...
Casimir IV... at they would turn to Lithuania again, he marched against them. Deserted byand surrounded on every side by the Moscow armies, that occupied the major ...
Napoleon BonaparteAfter the defeat of, Kalisz became a provincial capital of Congress Poland and then the capit ...
William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham... of Georgia, Chatham County was created February 5, 1777, and is named after
Bertrand Russell... h the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. Collins was chosen as its Chairman,as its President and Peggy Duff as its organising secretary. The other mem ...
François-René de Chateaubriand... ike many young writers of his generation, Hugo was profoundly influenced by, the famous figure in the literary movement of Romanticism and France's p ...
Adelchis... when he was treacherously attacked in his palace, robbed and imprisoned by, prince of Benevento, in August 871. The landing of fresh bands of Sarace ...
consort... ly son of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich, son of Peter I of Russia by his firstEudoxia Lopukhina, and Princess Charlotte
James III of Scotland... arete of Denmark (1456–1486), 13 years old married to the 17 years old King# Frederick (1471–1533), Duke of Schleswig and Holstein, in Gottorp, later ...
Gothelo I... each to the rule of a margrave. Except for one brief period (1033–44, under), the division was never reversed and the margraves had soon raised their ...
James I... le' is the history of Scotland from the mythical period to the accession ofin 1406
King George III... known humpback whale feeding area) after Adolphus Frederick, seventh son of. In 1878, W.H. Dall, while working on a coastal survey, saw "Adolphus" on ...
Henry VIII... ters who were not called Sid or Sidney, namely, Carry On Henry (a parody of) and Carry On Dick (a spoof of legendary highwayman Dick Turpin), in both ...
Prince Wilhelm of BadenBorn in Baden-Baden, Maximilian was the son of, third son of Leopold, grand duke of Baden, and Princess Maria Maximilian ...
Harold Macmillan... n, Robert Graves, David Jones and C.S. Lewis. Future British Prime Ministerwas wounded in the hip, leaving him with a lifelong shuffle to his walk. H ...
Emperor Joseph II... cademy had schools for theology, law, pharmacy and general studies. In 1784granted the academy the right to award academic degrees (Licentiat and Ph. ...
Henry II of England... lanvill, who helped him become a clerk of the Exchequer. Walter served Kingin many ways, not just in financial administration, but also including dip ...
Edward I... During the thirteenth century Portsmouth was commonly used by Henry III andas a base for attacks against France
Charles VI... d three-quarters of the nobility were on his side, while his uncle, Emperor, through the imperial ambassador at Saint Petersburg, persistently urged ...
Marie Antoinette... n (1982), Onassis: The Richest Man in the World (1988), the ill-fated queenin the 1989 political thriller La Révolution française, and the American t ...
Alexander II... re assassinated within less than 200 years: Ivan VI, Peter III, Paul I, and
Manuel I of Portugal... d accompanied his father on his expeditions to North America. In 1500, Kingsent Gaspar to discover lands and search for a Northwest Passage to Asia
Bona SforzaIn 1517, Sigismund married, with whom he had
Alfred, Lord Tennyson... used mostly to glorify or sanctify war. The Charge of the Light Brigade by, with its galloping hoofbeat rhythm, is a prime late Victorian example of ...
Henry V... mouth as a threat, the French again sacked the city in 1369, 1377 and 1380.built the first permanent fortifications of Portsmouth. In 1418 he ordered ...
Barbara ZápolyaIn 1512, Sigismund married a Hungarian noblewoman named, with whom he had two daughters
Robert Menzies... red. In 1954, the ALP seemed likely to return to power. The Prime Minister,, adroitly used the defection of a Soviet official to his advantage, and h ...
Henry IV... ioned in a document from the King of Germany, and later Holy Roman Emperor,in 1071. This document granted Görlitz to the Diocese of Meissen, then und ...
Fulk of Jerusalem... as constantly unstable. In response to these incursions into Outremer, Kingconstructed a number of Christian settlements around the city during the 1 ...
Franz von Papen... e from the memoirs of Ernst Junger ("Storm of Steel") and future Chancellorindicates severe German casualties during the attritional fighting of the ...
King ArthurExcalibur is the legendary sword of, sometimes attributed with magical powers or associated with the rightful ...
John of Gaunt... ough his mother Cecily, who was a great-granddaughter of Edward III throughand his illegitimate daughter (Cecily's mother) Joan Beaufort, Countess of ...
John Hawkwood... mo. In 1436 he was given the commission for the monochromatic fresco of Sir. In this equestrian monument he showed his keen interest in perspective. ...
Emperor Frederick III... , Duke of Lorraine and a count of the Holy Roman Empire (a rank bestowed byon the Leszczyński family)
Marquess of Winchester... h his son, Robert, was to exchange with James I for Hatfield House). As the(Burghley's predecessor as Lord High Treasurer) had said of himself, Burgh ...
Diego Columbus... e then was active in leading the conquest of Cuba in 1511 under orders from, recently restored as Viceroy of the Indies. He founded a number of new S ...
Louis XV... ravelling around the Cape of Good Hope. The Port is named in honour of King. The first Governor was Count Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais
John ReithFirst hopes for the Empire Service were low. The Director General, Sir(later Lord Reith) said in the opening programme: "Don't expect too much i ...
Josip Broz Tito... schar (1st Croatian), the first non-Germanic division, was formed, to fight's Yugoslav Partisans. This was followed by the 14th Waffen Grenadier Divi ...
Lord Lothian... rt, son of Frederick and Nettie, served as personal assistant to Ambassadorand supervisor of American Relief to Great Britain through the British emb ...
Philip III of Spain... f the Inquisition. The New Christians of Portugal breathed more freely whencame to the throne. By the law of April 4, 1601, he granted them the privi ...
Edward III... m to the throne through his mother Cecily, who was a great-granddaughter ofthrough John of Gaunt and his illegitimate daughter (Cecily's mother) Joan ...
William V, Prince of OrangeThe collection of paintings of stadtholderwas handed over to the Dutch state by his son king William I. This collect ...
Edward III... roying much of the town, with only the local church and hospital surviving.gave the town exemption from national taxes to aid reconstruction. Only te ...
King Louis XIII... 'Ancre, a historical drama recounting the events leading up to the reign of. Frequenting the theater, he met the great actress Marie Dorval, and beca ...
Éamon de Valera... h rule in Ireland and increased support for the republican government under. The events of Bloody Sunday have survived in public memory. The Gaelic A ...
Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor... schal II was not always established in Rome, since the city was occupied by, and later sacked by the Normans. This also agrees with the earliest know ...
Paul I... emperors were assassinated within less than 200 years: Ivan VI, Peter III,, and Alexander II
James Ensor... ique include Albrecht Dürer, Rembrandt, Francisco Goya, Whistler, Otto Dix,, Edward Hopper, Käthe Kollwitz, Pablo Picasso, Cy Twombly, Lucas van Leyd ...
Philip II of SpainFinally, after several years her pleadings by letter with Kingsecured relief. As a result, in 1579, the processes before the inquisition ...
Bettino Ricasoli... ow; most Chianti is now bottled in more standard shaped wine bottles. Baron(later Prime Minister in the Kingdom of Italy) created the Chianti recipe ...
Sophia, Electress of Hanover... e succession and made William's nearest Protestant relations, the family of, next in line to the throne after his sister-in-law Anne. Soon after the ...
Charles V:For the lord of Chièvres, advisor to Emperor, see: William de Croÿ
Sir Thomas Seymour... eens. It was here that she became acquainted with her future fourth husband. The atmosphere of the court was much different from the rural and paroch ...
Sir Richard AttenboroughMountbatten was portrayed by Peter Harlowe in's 1982 epic Gandhi
John Everett Millais... founded the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood in 1848 with William Holman Hunt and, and was later to be the main inspiration for a second generation of arti ...
Madhva... ted the temple with his Guru. Shri Vadirajatirtha, most prominent among thesaints, is believed to have climbed the Tirumala hill on his knees because ...
Peter III... came to power following a coup d'état and the assassination of her husband,, at the end of the Seven Years' War. Russia was revitalized under her rei ...
Nathaniel DanceBrown's portrait by, c. 1768, is conserved in the National Portrait Gallery, London
Winston Churchill... after speaker in the House of Commons expressed outrage. Ex-Prime Minister, a prominent and enthusiastic supporter of Zionism, criticized the attack ...
Benito Mussolini... ainly because of the Manifesto of Race promulgated by the fascist regime ofin order to bring Italian Fascism ideologically closer to German Nazism. T ...
Fulke Greville... erary contacts included membership, along with his friends and fellow poets, Edward Dyer, Edmund Spenser and Gabriel Harvey, of the (possibly fictiti ...
Henry... in October 1216, many began to support the claim of his eldest son, Prince. War continued between the factions supporting Louis and Henry, with Fitz ...
Albert II of Belgium... r Duchess of Nemours, Lucrezia is the ancestress of Juan Carlos I of Spain,, Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, as well as the Count of Paris and the c ...
Robert III... ll of Saint Baldred. A century on Wyntown's Cronykil relates: "In 1406 King, apprehensive of danger to his son James (afterwards James I) from the Du ...
George IIn 1714, Queen Anne was succeeded by her second cousin, and Sophia's son,, Elector of Hanover, who consolidated his position by defeating Jacobite ...
William Cecil... knighted in 1583. An early arrangement to marry Anne Cecil, daughter of Sirand eventual wife of de Vere, had fallen through in 1571. In 1583, he marr ...
Dmitry PozharskyDuring the expulsion of Poles from Moscow in 1612, Princeentered the Kremlin through the square. In memory of this event, he built ...
Juan Carlos I of Spain... uchess of Guise and later Duchess of Nemours, Lucrezia is the ancestress of, Albert II of Belgium, Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, as well as the Co ...
Frank De Winne... flight by Russian cosmonauts Yuri Lonchakov, Sergei Zalyotin and Belgium’s
Tony Banks... eon-bombs: an EDM was tabled in the 2003–04 session of the UK Parliament by, which concerns itself with a disclosure by MI5 that it had proposed usin ...
George IIIn 1737,began paying some London and Middlesex watchmen with tax moneys, beginning ...
Bob Hope... ny to award the Special Juvenile Award. Playfully dubbed the "Oscarette" byin 1945, the statuette itself was a miniaturized Oscar, depicting an Art D ...
Clement Attlee... nomic activity. In the biography of the 1945 UK Labour Party Prime Minister, Francis Beckett states: "the government... wanted what would become know ...
King Edward VII... ctoria died, and May's father-in-law, Albert Edward, ascended the throne as. For most of the rest of that year, George and May were styled TRH The Du ...
Denzil Holles... nt reached Parliament ahead of him, and the wanted men – Pym, John Hampden,, William Strode and Sir Arthur Haselrig – slipped away shortly before Cha ...
Lady Mary... rine of Aragon, Catherine took the opportunity to renew her friendship with. By 16 February 1543, Catherine had established herself with Mary and was ...
Henry Rawlinson... arose between Sir Douglas Haig and his senior local commander, General Sir, General Officer Commanding the British Fourth Army. Haig ordered that th ...
Queen CarolineHis Paradise Lost (1732), suggested by, has been criticized as the weakest of his work. He suggested that the po ...
King Alfonso XIII... tour was almost immediately followed by a trip to Spain for the wedding ofto Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, at which the bride and groom narrowly a ...
Catherine de' MediciWhen Italian duchessmarried the duc d’Orléans in 1533, she is said to have brought with her to ...
Alfonso the ChasteIn 1177,went to the siege of Al- Madinat kunka (Cuenca) with a group armed and ide ...
BeBe Zahara Benet... of judges as "America's next drag superstar". The first season's winner was, and first runner-up Nina Flowers was chosen by fans as "Miss Congenialit ...
IsabellaAs one of their first acts after the war of succession, Ferdinand andestablished the centrally organized and efficient Holy Brotherhood (Santa ...
Salomea of Berg... lklingen. If this parentage is correct, Judith was the great-grandmother of, second wife of (her later stepson)
Thabo Mbeki... etc. renewal. This concept has been popularized by South African Presidentduring his term of office. This was first articulated in the 1990s; it con ...
Robert Peel... rth after Tamworth, Staffordshire, represented at the time in parliament by. The town prospered, and was reached by the railway in 1878
FerdinandAs one of their first acts after the war of succession,and Isabella established the centrally organized and efficient Holy Brothe ...
Raymond III of Tripoli... m was left to his nephew Baldwin V, whom he had crowned as co-king in 1183.again served as regent. The following year, Baldwin V died before his nint ...
T.G. Jackson... ngs in a free Renaissance style. A key exponent of the style in Britain was. Some examples can also be found in buildings in the former British Empir ...
Edward Burne-Jones... sts and writers influenced by the movement, most notably William Morris and. His work also influenced the European Symbolists and was a major precurs ...
Dowager Lady Brabourne... xwell, a 15-year-old youth from County Fermanagh who was a crew member. The, his elder daughter's 83-year-old mother-in-law, was seriously injured in ...
King Philip II Augustus... y names. King John lost all his territories in mainland Normandy in 1204 to, but retained possession of Jersey and the other Channel Islands. The isl ...
Wonder Woman... feminist theorist, inventor and comic book writer who created the character. Two women, his wife Elizabeth Holloway Marston and Olive Byrne (who live ...
Charles I of England... efs who had recipes for flavoured ices or sorbets. One hundred years later,was, it was reported, so impressed by the "frozen snow" that he offered hi ...
Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg... of the Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1415. However, after the 1440 death of, the Franconian cadet branch of the family was not politically united wit ...
King Henry... elf with Mary and was now part of her household. It was in the household ofand Catherine of Aragon's daughter, Lady Mary, that Catherine Parr caught ...
Arthur Balfour... nstitute. A new building was begun in 1895 and opened by the Prime Ministerin October 1902. On the site previously had been cheap crowded inner-city ...
Diana, Princess of Wales... s of the Bavaria, Brazil, Parma, Saxony and the Two Sicilies. The late Lady(1961-1997) is a descendant of Lucrezia
George II... e United Kingdom, although the title was not then in use. The next monarch,, witnessed the final end of the Jacobite threat in 1746, when the Catholi ...
Frederick William II of Prussia... ly to the city palace of the Prussian monarchs. It was commissioned by Kingas a sign of peace and built by Carl Gotthard Langhans from 1788 to 1791. ...
Montagu Bertie, 7th Earl of Abingdon... iscilla Cecilia Maria Reyntiens, London councillor and granddaughter of the. He gained two stepsons from this marriage; Sir Simon Towneley and Sir Pe ...
Sir Robert Walpole... in personal union. Power shifted towards George's ministers, especially to, who is often considered the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, ...
Duke of MarlboroughKing George also had a personal friendship with the Marlboroughs; thehad fought with him in the War of the Spanish Succession, and John and Sar ...
Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg... Lucrezia is the ancestress of Juan Carlos I of Spain, Albert II of Belgium,, as well as the Count of Paris and the claimants to the Thrones of the Ba ...
Henry IIIIn the 13th century, Kings(1216–1272) and Edward I (1272–1307) extended the castle, essentially crea ...
Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey... son – Thomas Hood – Teresa Hooley – Gerard Manley Hopkins – A. E. Housman –– T. E. Hulme – Leigh Hunt – Elizabeth Jennings – Samuel Johnson – John Ke ...
King Haakon VII... r returning to Britain, May and George went to Norway for the coronation ofand Queen Maud (George's sister)
King James II... y the 1689 English Declaration of Rights, which formally ended the reign of. During the American Revolution, Jefferson and other Americans looked to ...
Jamie Lee Curtis... scene of the film depicting Buckaroo's test run of the latter-day Jet Car.plays Buckaroo Banzai's mother, Sandra Banzai
Richard III of England... y ship coming to an English port had to bring four bowstaves for every tun.increased this to ten for every tun. This stimulated a vast network of ext ...
Emperor Maximilian... y of Leuven. His grandfather, Everard van Wesel, was the Royal Physician of, while his father, Anders van Wesel, went on to serve as apothecary to Ma ...
Philip Sidney... ongs of Divers Noblemen and Gentlemen", appended to Newman's edition of Sir's Astrophel and Stella, which appeared in 1591. In 1595 "Poemata, a colle ...
Albert... George, who liked a relatively simple life. They had six children: Edward,, Mary, Henry, George, and John
Henry I of France... n 9 April 1054, Judith was betrothed to Philip, eldest son and heir of King. However, the engagement was broken in September 1058, when her brother E ...
James II's Catholic son... rotestant officials, James fled the realm and William and Mary (rather than) were declared joint Sovereigns of England, Scotland and Ireland
Napoleon III... 314. In all, thirty-four sovereigns, from Louis VI, the Fat, (1081–1137) to(1808–1873), spent time at Fontainebleau
Raynald of Châtillon... r, defeating Saladin at the battle of Montgisard in 1177, with support from, who had been released from prison in 1176. Later, he forged an agreement ...
Tom Jones... late 1960s and 1970s (although he wrote "I'll Never Fall in Love Again" forin 1967), and he began to play on the American cabaret circuit. A notable ...
Edward IIn the 13th century, Kings Henry III (1216–1272) and(1272–1307) extended the castle, essentially creating it as it stands toda ...
Jay Gould... d combining the last names of competing railroad magnates J.W. Paramore and. Paramore’s Texas & Saint Louis Railway (later the Cotton Belt) and Gould ...
King George III... he independence of the United States by listing colonial grievances against, and by asserting certain natural and legal rights, including a right of ...
Raymond Poincaré... he distributed as gifts to President Alexandre Millerand and Prime Ministerof France, to King George V of the United Kingdom, and to the Zoological G ...
Lucrezia... ntroversial of the Renaissance Popes. He fathered seven children, includingand Cesare Borgia, by at least two mistresses. Fourteen years after his de ...
James IVIn 1497 Kingvisited the Bass and stayed in the castle with a later Sir Robert Lauder o ...
Ratchis... y Abbot Petronax, when among the monks were Carloman, son of Charles Martel;, predecessor of the great Lombard Duke and King Aistulf; and Paul the De ...
Henry... iked a relatively simple life. They had six children: Edward, Albert, Mary,, George, and John
Lord Brabourne... ception would more likely reflect response to the uncle than to the nephew.counselled that the intense scrutiny of the press would be more likely to ...
Lord ByronOn 15 October 1816, the Romantic poetvisited the Ambrosian Library of Milan. He was delighted by the letters be ...
Andrew Carnegie... ("scabs") and the business property of the major industrialists, including
Isabella of France... , including Kenilworth, were confiscated by the crown. Edward and his wife,, spent Christmas 1323 at Kenilworth, amidst major celebrations
Henry VI... st force. The Tower was damaged by artillery fire but only surrendered whenwas captured at the Battle of Northampton. With the help of Richard Nevill ...
Archduke Franz Ferdinand... lso used, especially in the Middle East and Balkans (the initial attempt on's life was with a grenade). With heavy weapons, the rocket-propelled gren ...
Richard Attenborough... take on World War I, which was released in a cinematic version directed byin 1969
Edward V... ent is one of the most infamous events associated with the Tower of London.'s uncle Richard Duke of Gloucester was declared Lord Protector while the ...
John Churchilldied at Windsor in 1722, and Sarah arranged a large funeral for him. Their ...
Blanche of Lancaster... nd remodelled the great hall with a grander interior and roof. On his deathinherited the castle. Blanche married John of Gaunt, the third son of Edwa ...
John LubbockIn his highly influential Pre-historic Times,described burnt bones indicating the practice of child sacrifice in pagan ...
Niels Bohr... e summer of 1913, this value was naturally obtained by the Danish physicistas a consequence of his atom model, and also published independently by Pr ...
Sir Douglas HaigBy 19 December 1915, Generalhad replaced General Sir John French as Commander-in-Chief of the British ...
King George V... viour of both groups immediately became controversial (one major critic was) for their brutality and violence, not just towards IRA suspects and pris ...
Sadi Carnot... n royalty. Also present were General Joseph Brugère, representing President; the presidents of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies as well as thei ...
Dharmakirti... t millennium BCE, and it was further elaborated on by the Buddhist atomistsand Dignāga during the 1st millennium CE. In Indian astronomy, Aryabhata's ...
Lady BrabourneCharles dutifully wrote to Amanda's mother (who was also his godmother),, about his interest. Her answer was supportive, but advised him that she ...
John... imple life. They had six children: Edward, Albert, Mary, Henry, George, and
Conrad II, Duke of Bavaria... Rheinfelden, Duke of Swabia and Antiking), Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor and(who also died in infancy). In addition, Judith had an older half-sister, ...
Penelope DevereuxReturning to England in 1575, Sidney met, the future Lady Rich; though much younger, she would inspire his famous ...
James I... n 1406 King Robert III, apprehensive of danger to his son James (afterwards) from the Duke of Albany, placed the youthful prince in the safe-custody ...
Anna d'Este... dern Europe including that of the United Kingdom. Through her granddaughter, Duchess of Guise and later Duchess of Nemours, Lucrezia is the ancestres ...
Charles V... as apothecary to Maximillian, and later a valet de chambre to his successor. Anders encouraged his son to continue in the family tradition, and enrol ...
Walter ScottIn contrast Lord Byron andachieved enormous fame and influence throughout Europe with works exploiti ...
Gunhilda of Denmark... of Quedlinburg and Gandersheim, born from her father's first marriage with
Dignāga... , and it was further elaborated on by the Buddhist atomists Dharmakirti andduring the 1st millennium CE. In Indian astronomy, Aryabhata's Aryabhatiya ...
Edmund Hillary... inal assault on the summit with its second climbing pair, the New Zealanderand Tenzing Norgay, a Nepali sherpa climber from Darjeeling, India. They r ...
Henrietta... indsor in 1722, and Sarah arranged a large funeral for him. Their daughter,, became duchess in her own right. Sarah became one of the trustees of the ...
Sir John FrenchBy 19 December 1915, General Sir Douglas Haig had replaced Generalas Commander-in-Chief of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). Haig favou ...
Edward IV... Kingmaker") Henry recaptured the throne for a short time in 1470. However,soon regained control and Henry VI was imprisoned in the Tower of London, ...
King George III... e usual French spelling, is explained by his having been named in honour of
Richard Harris... bellum home located next door to Lee High School. This cult classic starred, Ernest Borgnine, Ann Turkel, and Cecily Hovanes
Fëanor... e later largely replaced by the Tengwar (which were enhanced and brought by), they were adopted by Dwarves to write down their Khuzdul language (Ange ...
Prince Philip... Windsor by subsequent royal decree. After the marriage of Elizabeth II and, it was decreed that their non-royal descendants were to bear the (maiden ...
Ernest Rutherford... aper, with some unknown radiation that could not be turned off like X-rays.continued these experiments and discovered two different kinds of radiatio ...
Charles XIII... Pomerania, two of her first cousins became Kings of Sweden: Gustav III and. In accordance with the custom then prevailing in the ruling dynasties of ...
Alexander II... Russian Empire was reconfirmed by all Russian Tsars from Peter the Great to
Baldwin of Flanders... married to Maria Komnene, empress in the 1170s and 80s. Instead they placedon the throne. Boniface went on to found the Kingdom of Thessalonica, a va ...
Simon de Montfort... were becoming dangerously unruly. In 1258, the discontented barons, led by, forced the King to agree to reforms including holding regular parliament ...
Louis XIV... he Nine Years' War. In a bold envelopment the Duc de Luxembourg, commanding’s army of some 35,000 men, soundly defeated Prince Waldeck’s Allied force ...
Henry VIIIThe political separation of the Church of England from Rome under, beginning in 1529 and completed in 1536, brought England alongside this ...
Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange... f Prussia, who both claimed the title Prince of Orange. Both descended from. The King of Prussia was his grandson through his mother, Countess Luise ...
John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland... ir Henry Sidney and Lady Mary Dudley. His mother was the eldest daughter of, and the sister of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester. His younger sist ...
Maximilian Joseph... s annexed by the Hohenzollerns of Prussia. In 1796 the Duke of Zweibrücken,, the future Bavarian king Max I. Joseph, was exiled to Ansbach after Zwei ...
Edward, Prince of Wales... Queen Elizabeth I. She also developed a good relationship with Henry's son, later King Edward VI. When she became Queen, her uncle Lord Parr of Hort ...
Afonso V... na"), built in the 15th century, which contains the tomb of the daughter of, St. Joana, who died in 1490. The presence of this royal personage, beati ...
George, Duke of Brunswick-LüneburgIn 1636, ruler of the Brunswick-Lüneburg principality of Calenberg, moved his res ...
Richard Duke of Gloucester... most infamous events associated with the Tower of London. Edward V's unclewas declared Lord Protector while the prince was too young to rule. The 12 ...
Louis XIII of France... eneralitat, Pau Claris, declared a Catalan Republic under the protection of. This allowed French troops to draw that much closer to the heartland of ...
Peter of Holstein-GottorpThe choice of Sophia as wife of her second cousin, the prospective tsar, resulted from some amount of diplomatic management in which Count Lestoc ...
3rd Marquess of Bute... r popular parks include Roath Park in the north, donated to the city by thein 1887 and which includes a very popular boating lake; Victoria Park, Car ...
Prince Waldeck... uxembourg, commanding Louis XIV’s army of some 35,000 men, soundly defeated’s Allied force of approximately 38,000 men comprising mainly Dutch, Germa ...
King George II... of her £500 income as Ranger of Windsor Great Park. Sarah was also rude to–making it clear that he was "too much of a German"–which further alienate ...
William IV... reign, the power of the monarchy declined and by the time of his successor,, the monarch was no longer able to effectively interfere with parliamenta ...
Walter Devereux... he 16th century in Ireland, where it was used by English commanders such asand Richard Bingham. Its most infamous use was by Humphrey Gilbert during ...
Charles VII... burg on 23 September, Bavarian troops, for the first time since the days of, fought side by side with the French, and by the Treaty of Pressburg, sig ...
Lamoral, Count of EgmontLaakdal - Laarne - Labour Court (Belgium) -- Lanaken - Land of Herve - Langemark-Poelkapelle - Language legislation i ...
Strongbow... 1066 at the Battle of Stamford Bridge; in Ireland, the capture of Dublin byand his Hiberno-Norman forces in 1171; and 1263 in Scotland by the defeat ...
Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor... Matilda (later wife of Rudolf of Rheinfelden, Duke of Swabia and Antiking),and Conrad II, Duke of Bavaria (who also died in infancy). In addition, Ju ...
Eugène de Beauharnais... or the revolutions to come. Among these monarchs were the viceroy of Italy,, who tried to get Austrian approval for his succession to the Kingdom of ...
Northumberland's... Montrose, Strafford was sent north to command the English forces followingillness. The Scottish soldiery, many of whom were veterans of the Thirty Y ...
Queen Mary... ngdom's dynasty as the future "House of Mountbatten", whereupon the Dowagerreportedly refused to have anything to do with "that Battenberg nonsense." ...
Lord Parr of Horton... rd, Prince of Wales, later King Edward VI. When she became Queen, her unclebecame her Lord Chamberlain
Louis XIV... to 150 million today. And if one starts the comparison at the time of King(the Sun King), then France would in fact have the same population as the ...
James VIICharles Maitland, 3rd Earl of Lauderdale held the Bass forfor a brief period after the Scottish parliament declared his abdication. ...
Edward II... and Aylsham webb or 'cloth of Aylsham' was supplied to the royal palaces ofand III
Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester... dest daughter of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, and the sister of. His younger sister, Mary Sidney, married Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pemb ...
Richard... d Edward was confined to the Tower of London along with his younger brother. The Duke of Gloucester was proclaimed King Richard III in July. The prin ...
Brunswick-LüneburgIn 1636 George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, ruler of theprincipality of Calenberg, moved his residence to Hanover. The Dukes of Br ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... pared the United States for World War II and promoted the career of General, known for his organizational skills
Otto IIn 953 the German kinghad appointed his brother Bruno the Great Duke of Lotharingia
Joachim Murat... ed to get Austrian approval for his succession to the Kingdom of Italy, and, who called for Italian patriots' help for the unification of Italy under ...
Marshal Humières... Luxembourg (a position he would keep until his death in 1695), supersedingwho had suffered defeat at the Battle of Walcourt the previous year. Luxem ...
Queen Caroline... the royal family continued, and Sarah was occasionally invited to court by, who attempted to cultivate her friendship
Mary Sidney... and the sister of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester. His younger sister,, married Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke. Mary Sidney, who upon her m ...
Lord Hertford... low appointed councillors Thomas Cranmer (the Archbishop of Canterbury) and, Catherine obtained effective control and was able to rule as she saw fit ...
Aistulf... of Charles Martel; Ratchis, predecessor of the great Lombard Duke and King; and Paul the Deacon, the historian of the Lombards
Philip V of Spain... between 1700 and 1720. After it was assigned to Emperor Charles VI in 1714,briefly recovered the island in 1717, but in 1720 the European powers assi ...
Henry III, Holy Roman EmperorShe was the daughter ofby his second wife Agnes, daughter of William V, Duke of Aquitaine and Cou ...
Frederick I of Bar... later, around the fifteenth century. The first duke and deputy of Bruno was, son-in-law of Bruno's sister Hedwig of Saxony
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor... raphic recuperation and some measure of economic recuperation. The reign ofas Charles I of Spain was a harmonious period, during which Catalonia gene ...
Napoleon Bonaparte... or previously granted to only two other heads of state: Peter the Great and. Pedro II exchanged letters with scientists, philosophers, musicians and ...
Julius Scaliger... references say that the Julian in "Julian day" refers to Scaliger's father,, in the introduction to Book V of his Opus de Emendatione Temporum ("Work ...
William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby... . In 1285 the husbands of two of these, Alexander Comyn, Earl of Buchan and, jointly claimed view of frankpledge over Napton. There are further refer ...
Marshal Boufflers... 4 battalions and 94 squadrons; if necessary he could call upon support from’ forces on the Moselle
King Edward's... he Bruce counselled using these operational methods to hold off the Englishforces when the English invaded Scotland, according to an anonymous 14th-c ...
William V, Duke of Aquitaine... hter of Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor by his second wife Agnes, daughter ofand Count of Poitou
Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke... ert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester. His younger sister, Mary Sidney, married. Mary Sidney, who upon her marriage became the Countess of Pembroke, was ...
Lloyd George... es into gold – but with Keynes's help the Chancellor of the Exchequer (then) was persuaded that this would be a bad idea, as it would hurt the future ...
Prince Henry... or - described as the King's "familiar councillor" - and tutor to the young
Benito Mussolini... him von Ribbentrop, German Foreign Minister, one to Adolf Hitler and one to, the latter delivered by a delegation to Serafino Mazzolini, a high-ranki ...
King WilliamOnce againentrusted Allied forces in the region to Prince Waldeck (William was himse ...
1st Earl Roberts... military commanders: past examples included the 1st Viscount Nelson and the
Robert Menzies... sion under Joseph Lyons and into the early stages of the World War II under
Gisulf II of BeneventoIn 744, a donation ofcreated the Terra Sancti Benedicti, the secular lands of the abbacy, which ...
James IDuring the 15th centuryconsigned several of his political enemies, including Walter Stewart to Th ...
Brabant... ler territories and only the title of a "Duke of Lothier" remained, held by. After the duchy of the Moselle came into the possession of René of Anjou ...
Sir Robert Peel... Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, and appointed a Tory,. In the ensuing elections, however, Peel lost. The King had no choice but ...
Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester... f Winchester. Napton was still part of the Honour of Winchester in 1271 buthad died in 1265 with no male heir, leaving his estates to his three daugh ...
James Callaghan... e of great importance. The censure motion by which the Labour Government ofwas ejected had its origin in an early day motion (no. 351 of 1978–79), pu ...
Winston Churchill... I, but like the mentioned countries, cooperated and traded with both sides.claimed that Sweden during World War II ignored the greater moral issues a ...
George Simpson... s route through northern Canada. In 1841 James Sinclair, on orders from Sir, guided nearly 200 settlers from the Red River Settlement (located at the ...
Emperor Charles V... ter publication, Vesalius was invited as Imperial physician to the court of. He informed the Venetian Senate that he was leaving his post in Padua, w ...
Walter Stewart... 15th century James I consigned several of his political enemies, includingto The Bass. In this period, many members of Clan MacKay ended up here, in ...
Margaret Thatcher... in an early day motion (no. 351 of 1978–79), put down on March 22, 1979, by
James I of England... able shipbuilding location by John Wood, a shipbuilder, who petitioned Kingfor a land grant. The surrounding area was soon settled as a plantation co ...
Edward II'sDuringreign (1307–1327) there was relatively little activity at the Tower of Lon ...
Duchy of Savoy... laude Louis Berthollet was born in Talloires, near Annecy, then part of the, in 1749
Duke Cosimo I de' Medici... d the Venetian Senate that he was leaving his post in Padua, which promptedto invite him to move to the expanding university in Pisa, which he turned ...
Peter III of Aragon... of Anjou in Palermo, and the invasion of the Sicily by the Catalans of King. Michael VIII was forced to drain the treasury to pay the enormous bribe ...
Rudolf of Rheinfelden... urg), Gisela (who died in infancy before her birth), Matilda (later wife of, Duke of Swabia and Antiking), Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor and Conrad II ...
Charles Seymour... marriage after the death of her husband, including one from her old enemy,, the sixth Duke of Somerset. Ultimately, she decided against remarriage, ...
Henry VIII... ders have been the Royal Bodyguard since at least 1509. During the reign of, the Tower was assessed as needing considerable work on its defences. In ...
Pierre Deligne... w "mainstream-for-Princeton"; but this assimilation (through David Mumford,and others) hardly includes all of the content
1st Viscount Nelson... ent for such remainders for military commanders: past examples included theand the 1st Earl Roberts
Duke of Burgundy... This copy remained in the royal library and then passed to Philip the Good,, before reaching Brussels, where it was lost. It was rediscovered only in ...
Frederick V, Elector Palatine... the winter of 1612, in celebration of the wedding of Princess Elizabeth and
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 7th Marquess of Salisbury... It is a prime example of Jacobean architecture and is currently the home of. The house is open to the public
Earl of Somerset... ement of Queen Anne at Caversham House, and a third for the marriage of theto the infamous . If, moreover, as appears quite likely, his Two Bookes of ...
Frederick#(1471–1533), Duke of Schleswig and Holstein, in Gottorp, later also King o ...
Peter I of RussiaDuring the war,had occupied all Swedish possessions on the eastern Baltic coast: Swedish ...
Winston Churchill... e resonating projections of his orations for effect. British Prime Ministermade similar use of radio for propaganda against the Germans
John IV, Duke of BrabantIn the 15th century the city of Leuven, with the support of, made a formal request to the Holy See for a university. Pope Martin V is ...
George VOn 6 May 1910, Edward VII died. The Prince of Wales ascended the throne as, and Mary became queen consort. When her husband asked her to drop one of ...
eldest daughter... herself. She was surprised by the grief she felt following the death of herin 1733. Sarah lived to see her enemy Robert Walpole fall in 1742, and in ...
Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke... onathan Swift, John Gay, John Arbuthnot, Robert Harley, Thomas Parnell, and. This club included several of the notable satirists of early 18th centur ...
Robert Walpole... au (1740–1817); Prime Ministers William Ewart Gladstone (1809–1898) and Sir(1676–1745); Queen Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1683–1737); John Stuar ...
Hirohito... 4, this time over the attempt by Namba Daisuke to assassinate Prince Regenton 27 December 1923 (the Toranomon Incident)
Philip the Good... inal manuscript. This copy remained in the royal library and then passed to, Duke of Burgundy, before reaching Brussels, where it was lost. It was re ...
James I... anor. The ownership of the Lancaster manor changed hands many times, beforeassigned it to his son, the future Charles I
George III... ic Stuarts were completely defeated. During the long reign of his grandson,, Britain's American colonies were lost, the former colonies having formed ...
Patricia Mountbatten, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of BurmaLord and Lady Mountbatten had two daughters:(born on 14 February 1924), sometime lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth II ...
Bob Hope... enile Award Honoree Judy Garland. Hosting the Annual ceremony that year waswho endearingly dubbed the Juvenile Award the "Oscarette" upon presenting ...
William I of Scotland... of the richest in Scotland, but that changed in 1189. He was asked by Kingto offer most of his clan's treasure in order to fulfill King Richard I of ...
Alexander I of Russia... a diplomat as much as an officer. He foils an assassination attempt on Tsarand is influential in the monarch's decision to resist the French invasion ...
Frederick William III of PrussiaKingappointed an Immediate Commission for the investigation of political dissi ...
Sir John NorrisLater that year, he joinedin the Battle of Zutphen. During the siege, he was shot in the thigh and d ...
Guidobaldo da Montefeltro... the Orsini brothers, feared Cesare's cruelty and set up a plot against him.and Giovanni Maria da Varano returned to Urbino and Camerino, and Fossombr ...
Nelson MandelaEDMs tabled on serious topics have included one demanding the release ofwhen he was incarcerated in apartheid South Africa, and one calling for a ...
Charles I... changed hands many times, before James I assigned it to his son, the future
Henry Tudor... until he was defeated at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485 by the Lancastrian, who ascended to the throne as Henry VII
the Duke of Devonshire... iggism; and he criticised White Kennet's adulatory sermon at the funeral of
Winston Churchill... ish subjects to be honoured in that way (other examples are Lord Nelson and)—and the last heraldic state funeral to be held in Britain. The funeral t ...
Princess of Wales... te the Book", aided by a music video featuring lookalikes of the Prince andundergoing domestic strife in a suburban home. The song became Costello's ...
George IV... orphyria, an illness rendering him incapable of ruling. His son, the future, ruled in his stead as Prince Regent. During the Regency and his own reig ...
Sir Thomas Seymour... ter the death of Parr's second husband, Catherine began a relationship with, the brother of the late queen Jane Seymour, but the King took a liking t ...
Henry Rawlinson... eral Sir Douglas Haig, the commander of the British Expeditionary Force and, the commander of Fourth Army, have been criticised for incurring very se ...
Richard I of England... I of Scotland to offer most of his clan's treasure in order to fulfill King's terms for a treaty that been signed between them. The treaty said that ...
Charles IVOn 29 October 1807, Manuel Godoy, chancellor to the Spanish king,and Napoleon signed the Treaty of Fontainebleau, which authorized the pass ...
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute... bert Walpole (1676–1745); Queen Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1683–1737);(1713–92) his architect William Burges (1827–1881) and the present Prince ...
Jamie Lee CurtisGuest married actressin 1984 at the home of their mutual friend Rob Reiner. They have two adopt ...
Queen Isabella... became the first woman imprisoned in the Tower of London after she refusedadmittance to Leeds Castle and ordered her archers to fire upon Isabella, ...
Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester... de Beaumont's manor at Napton became part of the honour of Leicester. Whendied in 1204 leaving no male heir his estates were divided between his two ...
John Everett Millais... philosophy of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, which they founded along with
Joseph Louis Lagrange... rvations." Germain obtained the lecture notes and began sending her work to, a faculty member. She used the name M. LeBlanc, “fearing,” as she later ...
Benito Mussolini... ersonalities and policies of German dictator Adolf Hitler, Italian dictator, Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, and other leaders of his times
Walter ScottThe castle's cultural prominence increased after Sirwrote Kenilworth in 1821 describing the royal visit of Queen Elizabeth. Ve ...
Queen Alexandra... ning of Mary's period as consort brought her into conflict with the Dowager. Although the two were on friendly terms, Alexandra could be stubborn; sh ...
Louis Antoine de Bougainville... thought was a southern continent. Europeans did not return until 1768, whenrediscovered the islands. In 1774, Captain Cook named the islands the New ...
John IV, Duke of Brabant... Belgium. The university was founded in 1425 as the University of Leuven byand approved by a Papal bull by Pope Martin V
King George III... d the king for repeal of the acts. These measures were unsuccessful becauseand the ministry of Prime Minister Lord North were determined not to retre ...
Fulke GrevilleAn early biography of Sidney was written by his friend and schoolfellow,
7th Earl of Shaftesbury... red William Ashley, later 1st Baron Mount Temple, himself a grandson of the. She was the favourite granddaughter of the Edwardian magnate Sir Ernest ...
John#(1455–1513), King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, Duke of Schleswig and Hol ...
Beatrix of the Netherlands... ng over 90 stores and including parking for 2,300 cars, was opened by Queenin 1982. 34 miles (55 km) of urban roads were planned and a network of hig ...
Queen Mary I... ing Henry with his daughters from his first two marriages, who later becameand Queen Elizabeth I. She also developed a good relationship with Henry's ...
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart... n, telling people that the "A" stood for Amadeus, in homage to the composer(1756–91). However, he continued to use Wilhelm in official documents thro ...
Sir Henry Vane... dy to present evidence against Strafford. However, the evidence supplied byin relation to Strafford's alleged improper use and threat to England via ...
Duc de Luxembourg... 0, was a major engagement of the Nine Years' War. In a bold envelopment the, commanding Louis XIV’s army of some 35,000 men, soundly defeated Prince ...
Louis XIV... United States. While France had been very powerful in Europe at the time ofor Napoleon, the demographic decline the country experienced after 1800 re ...
Lothair II... r Lotharingia was an independent Carolingian kingdom under the rule of King(855–869). Its territory had originally been a part of Middle Francia, cre ...
Philip II of Spain... rtuguese in 1641 while Spain began to colonize the Philippines (named after) from 1560s. Acting through the Dutch East India Company, the Dutch estab ...
Ferdinand VII of Spain... and Spain, assemblies called juntas were established to rule in the name of
Thomas Cromwell... he Tower was assessed as needing considerable work on its defences. In 1532spent £3,593 on repairs and imported nearly 3000 tons of Caen stone for th ...
Edwina Cynthia Annette AshleyMountbatten was married on 18 July 1922 to, daughter of Wilfred William Ashley, later 1st Baron Mount Temple, himsel ...
Henry VIIIIn 1519granted a market on Saturdays and an annual fair to be held on March 12, w ...
Prince of Wales... of Bute (1713–92) his architect William Burges (1827–1881) and the presentand Princess Margaret
Laurence Olivier... have the magic touch, staging a disappointing revival of Twelfth Night withand Vivien Leigh in 1955 and a disastrous production of Macbeth with Ralph ...
Charles V of France... ose to the original. It is found in the inventory of 1373 of the library of. Furthermore, according to the illuminations, it can be dated to the year ...
Duchess of Suffolk... abounded across Europe that the King was attracted to her close friend, the. However, she saw the warrant and managed to reconcile with the King afte ...
Henry IV... ttacked unsuccessfully by the Protestants in 1568, and was taken in 1591 by, who was crowned there three years afterwards
Michał Kleofas Ogiński... h art music. Polonaises for piano were and remain popular, such as those by, Karol Kurpiński, Juliusz Zarębski, Henryk Wieniawski, Mieczysław Karłowi ...
Stratonice... (Greek: Πολιορκητής - "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and, was a king of Macedon (294–288 BC). He belonged to the Antigonid dynasty
Wallis Simpson... d a public scandal by announcing his desire to marry the divorced American,, even though the Church of England opposed the remarriage of divorcées. A ...
Edward of Portugal... the age of 37, he married the 18-year-old Infanta Eleanor, daughter of King, whose dowry helped him to alleviate his debts and cement his power
King Philip II's... y, the Knights Hospitaller based in Malta, and others, under the command ofillegitimate half brother, John of Austria) that defeated the Ottoman flee ...
Edmund Hillary... before the confirmed ascent (and of course, safe descent) of Everest by Sirand Tenzing Norgay in 1953
Henry III... death in 1216. She had five children by the king including his heir, later. In 1220, Isabella married Hugh X of Lusignan, Count of La Marche, by who ...
Earl of Euston... granduncle); Princess Alexandra of Kent (his 1st cousin once removed); the; the Lord Elphinstone (his 1st cousin once removed); and Mrs Harold Phill ...
Raphael... e mechanistic approach first adopted by the Mannerist artists who succeededand Michelangelo and the formal training regime introduced by Sir Joshua R ...
Edward III... Tower and release the prisoners held there. For three years he ruled whilewas too young to do so himself; in 1330, Edward and his supporters capture ...
Lord North... ere unsuccessful because King George III and the ministry of Prime Ministerwere determined not to retreat on the question of parliamentary supremacy. ...
Scheherazade... rated by an unknown narrator, and in this narration the stories are told by. In most of Scheherazade's narrations there are also stories narrated, an ...
King Charles VII... ntil 1801, when George III abandoned his formal claim to the French throne.ennobled Joan of Arc's family on 29 December 1429 with an inheritable symb ...
Giorgio Vasari... rew his Notizie, in which he consciously intended to build upon the Vite of; Baldinucci's was the first art history to trace the lives and work of ar ...
Widukind... , grew up in the abbey of Herford; she was a descendant of the Saxon leader. In Herford she met Henry the Fowler, who later became king of Germany
Grace Kelly... televise her anticipated acceptance speech. The Oscar was won, however, byfor The Country Girl (1954). The camera crew was packing up before Kelly c ...
Edward VII... ice hockey to Europe, beating a court team (which included both the futureand George V) at Buckingham Palace in 1895. By 1903 a five-team league had ...
Winston Churchill... s quoted as saying, "I recommend Forester to everyone literate I know," andstated, "I find Hornblower admirable.
Saigō Takamori... tation from the Satsuma province, with leaders such as Ōkubo Toshimichi andtaking up key government positions
Maurice of Saxony... y. In 1552 a number of insurgent Protestant Imperial princes around Electorby the Treaty of Chambord ceded the Three Bishoprics to King Henry II of F ...
Maximilian I... visited Charles of Burgundy, acting as intermediary between him and emperor. He stayed in Burgundy for several months, moving to the Netherlands in t ...
Napoleon Bonaparte... y of Warsaw, a small, semi-independent Polish state, was created in 1807 by, following his defeat of Prussia. The Duchy's military forces, led by Józ ...
Winston Churchill... 945, United States President Harry S. Truman, United Kingdom Prime Minister, and Chairman of the Nationalist Government of China Chiang Kai-shek issu ...
John... 1188 – 31 May 1246) was queen consort of England as the second wife of Kingfrom 1200 until John's death in 1216. She had five children by the king in ...
Christian III... The next year, following his victory in the Count's War, he became king asand continued the reformation of the state church with assistance of Johan ...
Lord Godolphin... in her over to her own preferred political party. In 1704, Anne confided tothat she did not think that she and Sarah could ever be true friends again
Sir Lawrence Bragg... y. The Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge was under the general direction of, who won the Nobel Prize in 1915 at the age of 25. Bragg was influential ...
Joshua Reynolds... d Raphael and Michelangelo and the formal training regime introduced by Sir. Their approach was to return to the abundant detail, intense colours, an ...
Lloyd GeorgeThe three principal players at Versailles were Britain's, France's Clemenceau and America's President Wilson
Laurence Olivier... chose to ‘blacken up’ include Ralph Richardson (1937), John Gielgud (1961),(1964), Anthony Hopkins (1981) and Orson Welles. Ground-breaking black Ame ...
Louis X of France... 1309 to her son, Louis, king of Navarre and count of Champagne, the future
Frederick IUnder the reign of(1523–33), Denmark remained officially Roman Catholic. But though Frederic ...
Ermengol IV of Urgell... em (Runciman, 1947). Andorra was ceded to the bishop of Urgell by the countin the twelfth century. There is still a bishop of Urgell, who since 2003 ...
family of Orléans... r the time of Louis XIV the title of duke of Chartres was hereditary in the
Seyum Mangasha... don, Geneva, and Athens. With him on his tour was a group that included Rasof western Tigre Province, Ras Hailu Tekle Haymanot of Gojjam Province, Ra ...
Mac Mahon... iment of Zouaves, were part of the Second Brigade of the Second Division of's Corps. The Foreign Legion acquitted itself particularly well against th ...
Allenby's... that a breakthrough was imminent. On 29 September he had outlined plans forThird Army to rejoin the battle in the north around Gommecourt and for the ...
Henry III... ant political services to his relative Conrad II, and afterwards to Emperor. He became widely known as an earnest and reforming ecclesiastic by the z ...
Conrad II... mily was of noble rank, and his father, Count Hugh, was a cousin of Emperor(1024–1039). He was educated at Toul, where he successively became canon a ...
Charles of Burgundy... which would be created in 1478 or 1479. In the autumn same year he visited, acting as intermediary between him and emperor Maximilian I. He stayed i ...
Jamie Lee Curtis... lm, and saw Schwarzenegger, reunited with James Cameron, appearing opposite
Philip II of France... pture Jerusalem in 1187. Spurred by religious zeal, Henry II of England andended their conflict with each other to lead a new crusade (although Henry ...
Louis XIV... t was raised to the rank of a duchy in 1528 by Francis I. After the time ofthe title of duke of Chartres was hereditary in the family of Orléans
Charles Boyle... ject of academic controversy. The Christ Church College editor of Phalaris,, resented Bentley's paper. He had already quarreled with Bentley in tryin ...
Lord Wriothesley... rotestant officials such as Stephen Gardiner (the Bishop of Winchester) and(the Lord Chancellor), who tried to turn the king against her in 1546. An ...
J. Pierpont Morgan... Dickens collector, Stuart M. Samuel for £300. Finally, it was purchased byfor an undisclosed sum. It is now held by the Pierpont Morgan Library, New ...
Stirling Moss... technical problems. His rivals included Alberto Ascari, Giuseppe Farina and
Henry the Fowler... ford; she was a descendant of the Saxon leader Widukind. In Herford she met, who later became king of Germany
Albert, Prince Consort... ncess Alice of the United Kingdom, who was a daughter of Queen Victoria and. His paternal grandparents were Prince Alexander of Hesse and Princess Ju ...
Prince of Wales... spite being the talk of London society, only his followers and possibly theknow the Pimpernel's true identity. Like many others, Marguerite is entran ...
Alexander IIn 1812 Czarwas able to render Napoleon Bonaparte's invasion of Russia useless by util ...
Charles V... n Alsace, east of Lorraine. In 1670, the French invaded again, forcing Duketo flee to a Viennese exile, where he formed strong ties to the Imperial H ...
Lord Cunliffe... lace was taken by the Heavenly Twins – the judge Lord Sumner and the bankerwhose nickname derived from the "astronomically" high war compensation the ...
Margaret Thatcher... on of soft ice cream. A chemical research team in Britain (of which a youngwas a member) discovered a method of doubling the amount of air in ice cre ...
James II of Scotland... mer Throw and Caber Toss in 1440. His temper while playing golf resulted inoutlawing the sport
Charles IIn 1649, the English Civil War raged and Kingwas beheaded in Whitehall, London. The execution resulted in the outbreak ...
Frederick III... Ribe 5 March 1460 (Treaty of Ribe). In 1474 Lauenburg's liege lord Emperorelevated Christian I as Count of Holstein to Duke of Holstein, thus becomi ...
Ferdinand I of Aragon... 3, after the revolt of the last count, James II of Urgell, against the king
Ferdinand I of Aragon... Ferdinand of Antequera, who after the Compromise of Caspe (1412), was named
IsabellaTo support's claim to the Spanish throne against her uncle, the French government de ...
King John... June 1202, by which time she was already queen of England. Her marriage totook place on 24 August 1200, at Bordeaux, a year after he annulled his fi ...
Katherine MansfieldThe graves of G. I. Gurdjieff andcan be found in the cemetery at Avon
Charles Spencer... or political disagreement occurred when Sarah insisted that her son-in-law,, the third Earl of Sunderland, be admitted into the Privy Council. Sarah ...
Maximilian I... it is no coincidence either that the reign of his nationalistic predecessorsaw the beginning of the movement. While the centralized states of western ...
Edward III... rative, than poundage and tonnage before it. Under statutes of Edward I and, collection of ship money had been authorised only during wars, and only ...
Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany... the collection of the Uffizi. For Cardinal Leopoldo de' Medici, brother ofand a scholar and patron of the arts, he began as bookkeeper in 1664 and d ...
Henry II of England... stian states and to recapture Jerusalem in 1187. Spurred by religious zeal,and Philip II of France ended their conflict with each other to lead a new ...
Henry IThe death in 1135 ofleft England with a disputed succession; although the king had persuaded h ...
Joseph Fourier... ers. Seven years later this tradition was broken when she made friends with, a secretary of the Academy, who obtained tickets to the sessions for her
Wonder WomanEditor Sheldon Mayer replaced the name "Suprema" with "", and the character made her debut in All Star Comics #8 (December 1941). ...
Lord Sumner... erning reparations. Their place was taken by the Heavenly Twins – the judgeand the banker Lord Cunliffe whose nickname derived from the "astronomical ...
Prince Louis of Battenberg... itles were dropped in 1917. He was the youngest child and the second son ofand his wife Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine. His maternal grandpa ...
Lord Teverson... h seeks to equalise the size of constituencies. An amendment to the bill bythat would have ensured that "all parts of Cornwall and the Isles of Scill ...
Edward I... ular, and lucrative, than poundage and tonnage before it. Under statutes ofand Edward III, collection of ship money had been authorised only during w ...
Prince Edward... till alive. Catherine retired from court after the crowning of her step-sonon 31 January 1547, to her home at Old Manor in Chelsea
Benito Mussolini... t of Florestano de Fausto and Armando Brasini, well known architects of theperiod in Italy. Brasini laid the basis for the modern-day arrangement of ...
Ōkubo Toshimichi... had a strong representation from the Satsuma province, with leaders such asand Saigō Takamori taking up key government positions
George V... Europe, beating a court team (which included both the future Edward VII and) at Buckingham Palace in 1895. By 1903 a five-team league had been founde ...
Norman Foster... cuted), it has been added to over subsequent decades by major names such asand Rick Mather
Charles VThoughfought the Reformation, it is no coincidence either that the reign of his ...
Leopold III, Duke of AustriaThe Battle of Sempach in 1386, in whichwas defeated by the Old Swiss Confederacy had important repercussions on T ...
King Charles I... in earnest during the 1630s by the various investors who had contracts withto do so. The leader of one of these syndicates was the Earl of Bedford, w ...
Charles the Bold... nfederation's power and wealth increased significantly, with victories overof Burgundy during the 1470s and the success of Swiss mercenaries
Marshal MannerheimOn the eve of the Winter War, whenonce again threatened to resign from his post as chairman of Finland's Def ...
Prince Albert... te. Melbourne's role faded away as Victoria came to rely on her new husbandas well as on herself
Eddy Merckx... out that a recent article in Sports Illustrated magazine had declared that, the great Belgian cyclist, had the highest recorded "oxygen uptake" of a ...
King Henry VII... 1505 when it was endowed and expanded by Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of
Thomas WentworthBy this stage, created Earl of Strafford and elevated to Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in ...
Sarah FergusonIn 1986, Prince Andrew married; the couple's marriage, subsequent separation and eventual divorce in 199 ...
Philip II Augustus of France... nsept, choir, and the lowest section of the lantern tower. On 24 June 1204,entered Rouen and annexed Normandy to the French Kingdom. The fall of Roue ...
Jill Eisenstadt... ture novelist Jonathan Lethem and befriended fellow writers Donna Tartt and. In Tartt's The Secret History (1992), her version of Bennington is given ...
Margaret Thatcher... red a Soviet mural of Lenin and images of Reagan and then-UK Prime Minister. The sleeve notes, attributed to ZTT's Paul Morley, dispassionately repor ...
Manuel I... e modern flag of Portugal and has been a national symbol since the reign of
Robert May... s. The map was popularized in a seminal 1976 paper by the English biologist, in part as a discrete-time demographic model analogous to the logistic e ...
Maximilian... urgundy to give up his daughter Mary of Burgundy as wife to Frederick's son. With the inheritance of Burgundy, the House of Habsburg began to rise to ...
Mary Archer... tack on Jeffrey Archer, who had been imprisoned for perjury, when his wife,, was a fellow panellist. She was noticeably angry that the matter had bee ...
Stephen of Blois... swear support for the Empress Matilda, just a few days after Henry's deatharrived from France to lay claim to the throne. The importance of the city ...
Laurence Olivier... e and John Gielgud and A Bridge Too Far (1977) co-starring Dirk Bogarde and
The Duke of Edinburgh... Palace on 19 February 1960, the third child and second son of The Queen and, and third grandchild of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. Baptised in th ...
Joseph II... l ("national Singspiel"), a pet project (1778–1783) of the Austrian emperor. The Emperor had set up the company to perform works in the German langua ...
Thomas Cromwell... nry the Supreme Head of the Church of England. Between 1535 and 1540, under, the policy known as the Dissolution of the Monasteries was put into effe ...
Abigail HillSarah had previously introduced her impoverished cousin, then known as, to court, with the intention of finding a role for her. Abigail, the eld ...
FrederickOn his death his titles passed to his brother
Harold Macmillan... oncorde, with the French spelling, but was officially changed to Concord byin response to a perceived slight by Charles de Gaulle. In 1967, at the Fr ...
Simon de Montfort... ere opposed to attacking Zara, and some, including a force led by the elder, refused to participate altogether and returned home. While the Papal leg ...
James II of Urgell... bed by the County of Barcelona in 1413, after the revolt of the last count,, against the king Ferdinand I of Aragon
Lord Lindsey... ord Levels together formed the biggest scheme, they were not the only ones.and his partner Sir William Killigrew had the Lindsey Level inhabited by f ...
House of Châlon-Arlay... nge-Nassau from the joining of the house of Nassau-Breda/Dillenburg and theto the end of the Dutch Republic. The family spawned many famous statesmen ...
Francis I... 1286 sold it to the crown. It was raised to the rank of a duchy in 1528 by. After the time of Louis XIV the title of duke of Chartres was hereditary ...
Ferdinand II of Aragon... ties of Roussillon and Cerdanya, which it had occupied during the conflict.("Ferdinand the Catholic") finally resolved the major grievances of the re ...
Duchess of Kent... s only just breaking free from the domineering influence of her mother, the, and her mother's advisor, John Conroy. Over the next four years Melbourn ...
B. V. BowdenThe appointment of(later Lord Bowden) in 1953 marked the beginning of a phase of expansion. ...
Andrew Carnegie... gue, which was built specially for the Court in 1913 with an endowment from. From 1922 on, the building also housed the distinctly separate Permanent ...
Victor Emmanuel III of Italy... amed with Fascist names. A failed assassination attempt was carried towardsby a local resistance activist during a visit in Tirana. In November 1941, ...
Wonder Woman... ebowitz of All-American Publications. Given the go-ahead, Marston developedwith Elizabeth (whom Marston believed to be a model of that era's unconven ...
Godolphin... ful intimacy with the two most powerful men in the country, Marlborough and. Godolphin, though a great friend of Sarah's, had even considered refusin ...
Lord Charles Townshend... nd, to settle here. Some were veterans of the Revolution of 1688. Named for, this settlement survived and was incorporated November 3, 1764. It was r ...
Gustavus Adolphus... hirty Years' War. Forced to retreat from the advancing Swedish army of King, Conti ordered his troops to burn houses, destroy villages and generally ...
The Duke of Gloucester... en Archbishop of Canterbury, Geoffrey Fisher, the Prince's godparents were:(his maternal granduncle); Princess Alexandra of Kent (his 1st cousin once ...
Richard I of England... er own library. A deep affection existed between Marie and her half-brother, and his celebrated poem J'a nuns hons pris, lamenting his captivity in A ...
Jeffrey Archer... n Time editions (13 as of September 2010). In one he made an open attack on, who had been imprisoned for perjury, when his wife, Mary Archer, was a f ...
Nicolas Oudinot... August. However, in the same days, a part of the French Army led by Marshalwas stopped in the Battle of Polotsk by the right wing of the Russian Army ...
John HerschelIn his book Outlines of Astronomy, first published in 1849, the astronomerwrote
Mary... e, Catherine of Aragon, bore him only a single child that survived infancy,. As England had recently gone through a lengthy dynastic conflict (see Wa ...
King George IICreated by Royal Charter of, "Reading" Township was formed July 15, 1730 from portions of Amwell Town ...
Isabella I of CastileFerdinand's 1469 marriage tobrought about a dynastic union of the Crown of Aragon with Castile. In 151 ...
King Frederick VI... he recently established University of Berlin. It was originally named afterof Denmark and Norway and received its current name in 1939. After the dis ...
Edward I of England... e battlefields of France and Scotland. Their skill was exercised under King(r. 1272–1307), who banned all sports but archery at the butts on Sundays, ...
George III... ter of Great Britain) continued to quarter the French arms until 1801, whenabandoned his formal claim to the French throne
her husband... s permanent mourning and lengthy period of seclusion following the death ofin 1861
Henry VIII... he separation of the Church of England (or Anglican Church) from Rome under, beginning in 1529 and completed in 1537, brought England alongside this ...
Henry III of Bar... France remained relatively stable throughout the Middle Ages. In 1301 Counthad to receive the western part of his lands (Barrois mouvant) as a fief b ...
Lord Stanley of PrestonIn 1888, the new Governor General of Canada,, whose sons and daughter had become hockey enthusiasts, attended the Mont ...
Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette... nch-speaking Acadian named Jean Mouton. In 1884, it was renamed for General, a French military hero who fought with and significantly aided the Ameri ...
Nelson Mandela... pon this honour through meetings with Bill Clinton of the United States andof South Africa. In 1995, he also won the John Humphrey Freedom Award from ...
Beatrix of the Netherlands... the parents of three daughters: Catharina-Amalia, Alexia, and Ariane. Whenpasses away, or abdicates the throne, the Crown Prince will take the thron ...
Charles I... l Assemblies, moreover, met only at times and places approved by the crown.inherited a settlement in Scotland based on a balanced compromise between ...
Queen Isabel II... 843 to 1852, who founded Isabel Segunda, the "town of Vieques", named afterof Spain). Vieques was formally annexed to Puerto Rico in 1854
Niels Bohr... retation of the work of Hahn and Strassmann crossed the Atlantic Ocean with, who was to lecture at Princeton University. Isidor Isaac Rabi and Willis ...
Leofric, Earl of Mercia... seback in protest at high taxes being levied on the cityfolk by her husband
Stirling Moss... to race with Mercedes—driving the W196 Monoposto—in in a team that included. At the end of the second successful season (which was overshadowed by th ...
Emperor Frederick II# Isabella (1214–1241), the wife of, by whom she had issue
Friedrich Wilhelm IIThe Brandenburg Gate was commissioned byto represent peace. The Gate was designed by Carl Gotthard Langhans, the C ...
Henry II... own, he entered the household of Henri d'Angoulême, the illegitimate son of, governor of Provence. He served this prince as secretary in Provence, an ...
Geoffrey de Mandeville... was usually left in the charge of a Constable, a post held at this time by. As the Tower was considered an impregnable fortress in a strategically i ...
Winston Churchill... s the maquis were receiving, to the extent that he begged five minutes with, the British Prime Minister. Churchill, reluctant at first, but fascinate ...
Louis PhilippeThe French Foreign Legion was created by, the King of the French, on 10 March 1831. The direct reason was that for ...
Marie Antoinette... sources, or any quoted sources at all, which places the priceless jewels of(which are historically missing, save for some specimens in the collection ...
Charles IIFuller's last promotion was that of Chaplain Extraordinary to. In the summer of 1661 he visited the West in connexion with the business ...
Duke LeopoldRichard was arrested and imprisoned in December 1192 by, who suspected him of murdering his cousin Conrad of Montferrat, and had ...
Grand Duke Paul... ntative plans were made to perform it at the September visit of the Russian(son of Catherine the Great and heir to the Russian throne). However, it w ...
Duke of Valentinois... ign the cardinalate. On the same day the French King Louis XII named Cesare, and this title, along with his former position as Cardinal of Valencia, ...
Peter III of Aragon... ulture expanded into the islands of the Western Mediterranean. The reign of("the Great") included the conquest of Sicily and the successful defense a ...
Alfred, Lord Tennyson... ham, and he contributed two illustrations to Edward Moxon's 1857 edition of's Poems as well as illustrations for works by his sister Christina Rosset ...
Lady Margaret Beaufort... nd received its present charter in 1505 when it was endowed and expanded by, mother of King Henry VII
The Prince of Wales... of succession. The present Counsellors of State are: The Duke of Edinburgh,, The Duke of Cambridge, Prince Harry of Wales and The Duke of York
Antwerp... ories, and a replay on a neutral ground took place. The match was played in, Belgium and 30,000 Feijenoord fans travelled by bus to see their team pl ...
Velázquez... sky, people and objects take form with the brilliance and subtle drama of a. A distant and discreet irony endows the figures, insignificant in themse ...
Gluck... he Russian throne). However, it was ultimately decided to perform operas byinstead, giving Mozart more time
Prince George... nt at Abigail’s secret wedding to Samuel Masham, groom of the bedchamber to, in 1707, without Sarah’s knowledge
Lord Cambridge... her niece, Mary Somerset, Duchess of Beaufort, the daughter of her brother,. Her personal belongings were transported from London in seventy pieces o ...
the Duke of MarlboroughIn July 1708,, with his ally Prince Eugene of Savoy, won a great victory at the Battle ...
Henry II... bey and ordered her immediately moved inside. She was finally placed besideand Eleanor of Aquitaine. Afterwards, most of her many Lusignan children, ...
Odo of Bayeux... cts with the Danes and the devastation north of the River Tyne inflicted byafter the 1080 rebellion against the Normans, Monkchester was all but dest ...
Emperor Joseph II... 1787, Clerfayt, as a Walloon by birth, came under great pressure to abandon. But he resisted all overtures, and in the following year went to fight i ...
Prince Louis of Battenberg... 959 he was the First Sea Lord, a position that had been held by his father,, some forty years earlier. Thereafter he served as Chief of the Defence S ...
King Emeric... enice throughout the 12th century, but had rebelled in 1181 and allied withof Hungary and . Subsequent Venetian attacks were repulsed, and by 1202 th ...
Salvador Dalí... 5), which explored psychoanalysis and featured a dream sequence designed by. Gregory Peck plays amnesiac Dr. Anthony Edwardes under the treatment of ...
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor... oligarchies, in part through miscegenation with the local elites. In 1532,imposed a vice-king to Mexico, Antonio de Mendoza, in order to prevent Cor ...
Frederick WilliamIn the time of(1688), shortly after the Thirty Years' war and a century before the gate ...
The Duke of York... urgh, The Prince of Wales, The Duke of Cambridge, Prince Harry of Wales and
Philip IV... he Palatinate, Charles declared war on Spain, which under the Catholic Kinghad sent forces to help occupy the Palatinate
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh... 27 August 1979), was a British statesman and naval officer, and an uncle of(the husband of Elizabeth II). He was the last Viceroy of India (1947) and ...
Sir Henry SidneyBorn at Penshurst Place, Kent, he was the eldest son ofand Lady Mary Dudley. His mother was the eldest daughter of John Dudley, 1 ...
Chi Chi LaRue... hom he also co-hosted on WKTU radio. On one episode, RuPaul featured guestsand Tom Chase speaking about the gay porn industry
King Charles IIIn 1670granted the islands to the Lords Proprietors of the Carolinas, who rented ...
William Howe... hey were preparing for a September 16, 1777, encounter with British General. The Continental Army also camped near White Horse Inn on Swedesford Road ...
Edward Lord Montagu... ughton House in his native county, where he and his son were entertained by, who had been one of his contemporaries at the university and had taken t ...
Ludwig I... ll his death as a model constitutional monarch. On 13 October 1825, his sonsucceeded him
James Steuart... or manifesto of the movement. Perhaps the last major mercantilist work was’s Principles of Political Economy published in 1767
Friedrich Barbarossa... ecords dating to as early as 854. The city was declared an Imperial City byin 1181
Samuel Masham... s to her flattery and charm. She was present at Abigail’s secret wedding to, groom of the bedchamber to Prince George, in 1707, without Sarah’s knowl ...
Ivan the Terrible... Poland. In 1577, Dünaburg castle was captured and destroyed by Russian tsar. That same year, a new castle was built 20 km downriver. In 1582 Daugavpi ...
Catherine of Bulgaria... on November 22, 1059, against the wishes of his brother and of his empress. Like Isaac, his wife and daughter entered a monastery
George C. Marshall... f under Robert E. Lee) was a native of Loudoun County. World War II generalresided at Dodona Manor in Leesburg. Essayist and journalist Russell Baker ...
Ferdinand II... , had lost his hereditary lands in the Palatinate to the Holy Roman Emperor. Having agreed to help his brother-in-law regain the Palatinate, Charles ...
Henry I, Count of ChampagneIn 1164, Marie married. They had four children
Harvey Fierstein... e tour in November 2009 due to torn muscles in his arms. He was replaced by
King Louis IXIn the reign of(St. Louis) the three petals of the flower were said to represent faith, w ...
Carinthia... he Habsburg family, the ruler of Inner Austria, i.e. the duchies of Styria,and Carniola, and of Ernest's wife Cymburgis of Masovia. He became duke of ...
Dowager Empress Marie of Russia... . She paid above-market estimates when purchasing jewels from the estate ofand paid almost three times the estimate when buying the family's Cambridg ...
Robert Peel... urne's resignation led to the Bedchamber Crisis. Prospective prime ministerrequested that Victoria dismiss some of the wives and daughters of Whig MP ...
Frederick V... ally confined to Bohemia, was spiralling into a wider European war. In 1620was defeated at the Battle of White Mountain and by 1622, despite the aid ...
Richard IIWhenwas crowned in 1377, he led a procession from the Tower to Westminster Abb ...
Boss Hogg... boys and their cousin Daisy in an automobile race around the world against, Sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane, and Rosco's dog Flash in a duel for the prize ...
Napoleon IIIHowever, in 1865,allowed them to apply for full French citizenship, a measure that few took ...
Judith of Bohemia... me to Sophia, perhaps to distinguish herself from Władysław I's first wife,. She bore her husband four daughters: Sophia (by marriage Princess of Vla ...
Napoleon III... rbances in Italy from 1820 until after unification. The Carbonari condemnedto death for failing to unite Italy, and the group almost succeeded in ass ...
Robert Curthose... mans, Monkchester was all but destroyed. Because of its strategic position,, son of William the Conqueror, erected a wooden there in the year 1080 an ...
first Earl of Lytton... amed "Giles Lytton" after an early sixteenth-century Gyles Strachey and the, who had been a friend of Richard Strachey's when he was Viceroy of India ...
Benjamin Britten... ve been made by composers from a classical, music-school background such asor Percy Grainger
Edward Burne-Jones... s of Arthurian romance and medieval design also inspired William Morris and. Neither Burne-Jones nor Morris knew Rossetti personally, but both were m ...
Charles VII... pported the duke of Burgundy, Joan of Arc's royal enemy. The king of Francerecaptured the town in 1449, 18 years after the death of Joan of Arc and a ...
the King... alth. The defensive war fought by the forces of the Commonwealth ended when, convinced of the futility of resistance, capitulated by joining the Targ ...
Richard... after the King's father, Henry II. He was quickly followed by another son,, and three daughters, Joan, Isabel, and Eleanor. All five children surviv ...
Robert Peel... led him to dismiss Melbourne in November. He then gave the Tories under Siran opportunity to form a government. Peel's failure to win a House of Comm ...
Frederick of Swabia... e were further outbreaks of dysentery and fever, which claimed the lives of, Patriarch Heraclius of Jerusalem, and Theobald V of Blois. When the sail ...
Ruth Rendell... and met with mixed reviews from a variety of high-profile critics. Novelist, writing in the Sunday Times, declared it "...impossible to tell where Do ...
Maximilian II... ng the force of public opinion against him, abdicated in favour of his son,
Alphonse... d to the French court to swear fealty to King Louis IX of France's brother,, who had been invested as Count of Poitou, their mother, the Queen Dowage ...
James I... nts and proclaiming Georg Ludwig, Elector of Hanover (the great grandson ofthrough his mother Sophia of Hanover), King George I of Great Britain
Maximilian I... an Emperor as Frederick III from 1452. In 1493, he was succeeded by his sonafter ten years of joint rule
James VII and II... Abdication Act 1936. The last monarch involuntarily removed from power was, who fled into exile in 1688 during the Glorious Revolution
John of England... and, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of England, Joan of England and
Sigismund III Vasa... h century, a number of Italian musicians were guests at the royal courts ofand Władysław IV. These included Luca Marenzio, Giovanni Francesco Anerio, ...
Henry Bolingbroke... as in the security of the Tower rather than Windsor as was more usual. Whenreturned from exile in 1399, Richard was imprisoned in the White Tower. He ...
King Alfonso XIII of Spain... , he was released through the secret intervention of Mistinguett's admirer,, the only king of a neutral country who was related to both the British a ...
Henry II... a gave birth to a son and heir who was named Henry after the King's father,. He was quickly followed by another son, Richard, and three daughters, Jo ...
Sir Thomas Morgan... Park, a swampy meadow behind the Cardiff Arms Hotel. The hotel was built by, during the reign of Charles I. Cardiff Arms Park was named after this ho ...
Richard I of England... am IX, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda, Duchess of Saxony,, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of England, Joan of England and J ...
John Conroy... ing influence of her mother, the Duchess of Kent, and her mother's advisor,. Over the next four years Melbourne trained her in the art of politics an ...
Jeanne of NavarreAt the request of, the queen, he began work on the Histoire de Saint Louis, which he comple ...
Anne, Duchess of Luxembourg... establish his rule in Luxembourg, which he regarded as his inheritance fromwho had died over three centuries earlier. At the Congress of Vienna, the ...
Sir Thomas Seymour... d many years abroad on command of King Henry himself, Catherine's old love,returned to court. Catherine, who still harbored feelings for Seymour, was ...
Norman FosterBritish architectdesigned Tower Two, also known as 200 Greenwich Street. The building's dis ...
Richard the Lionheart... castle probably retained its form as established by 1100 until the reign of(1189–1199). The castle was extended under William Longchamp, Richard's Lo ...
Leopold Joseph... raine, including the capital Nancy, were again occupied by France, but Dukecontinued to reign at the Château de Lunéville
Duke of Somerset... ne began having altercations with the Lord Protector, the King's uncle, theand a rivalry developed between Catherine and his wife, her former lady-in ...
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen MotherThe Comet was a hit with passengers includingand Princess Margaret, who were guests on a special flight on 30 June 1953 ...
Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany... rs, Henry the Young King, Matilda, Duchess of Saxony, Richard I of England,, Leonora of England, Joan of England and John of England
Ludwig II of BavariaBy 1869, Wagner was living at Tribschen on Lake Lucerne, sponsored by King. He returned to Siegfried, and, remarkably, was able to pick up where he ...
Ernest the IronBorn in Innsbruck, he was the son of Dukeof the Leopoldinian line of the Habsburg family, the ruler of Inner Austri ...
Francis Bacon... o the Origin of the Money Pit, Penn Leary believed that English philosopherused the pit to hide documents proving him to be the author of William Sha ...
Jeanne of Navarre, wife of Philip IV of France (and granddaughter of Count Theobald IV), as ...
William I of the Netherlands... next became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815–1830), andfounded a new university in 1816 in Leuven as a state university
King ArthurCamelot is a castle and court associated with the legendary. Absent in the early Arthurian material, Camelot first appeared in 12th-c ...
the Duke of Edinburgh... were made for Queen Elizabeth II by the Regency Act 1953, which stated that(the Queen's husband) could act as regent in these circumstances
Edward VII... s. The bridge was opened on 4 March 1890 by the Prince of Wales, later King, who drove home the last rivet, which was gold plated and suitably inscri ...
Conrad IIIn 1033, wheninherited the Kingdom of Arelat, Avignon passed to the Holy Roman Empire. ...
Charles I... f Arms Hotel. The hotel was built by Sir Thomas Morgan, during the reign of. Cardiff Arms Park was named after this hotel. From 1803, the Cardiff Arm ...
Archduchess Maria Theresa... ion. The Lorraine duke Francis Stephen, betrothed to the Emperor's daughter, was compensated with the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, where the last Medici r ...
Queen Anne... eached the shore, leading to rumours that she had called them home herself.died on 1 August 1714 at Kensington Palace; the Protestant Whig Privy Coun ...
Henry the Young King... he was also an older maternal half-sister to William IX, Count of Poitiers,, Matilda, Duchess of Saxony, Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of B ...
Louis IXIn 1241, he accompanied Theobald to the court of the king of France,(the future Saint Louis). In 1244, when Louis organized the Seventh Crusad ...
Dowager Duchess of Suffolk... d for treason on 20 March 1549, and Mary Seymour was taken to live with the, a close friend of Catherine's. Catherine's other jewels were kept in a c ...
Prince Charles... a sermon preached on 10 May 1644, at St Mary's, Oxford, before the king and, called Jacob's Vow. The spirit of Fuller's preaching, characterized by c ...
3rd Marquess of ButeThestipulated that the ground could only be used for "recreational purposes". ...
Prince Louis... rons. John was deposed in 1216 and the barons offered the English throne to, the eldest son of the French king. However, after John's death in Octobe ...
Marquis de Lafayette... he could save France alone, he refused to act with the Comte de Mirabeau or. He caused the king's acceptance of the suspensive veto, by which he sacr ...
Alys... f Navarre, breaking off his long-standing betrothal to Philip's half-sister. Philip left Sicily directly for the Middle East on March 30, 1191, and a ...
Henry V... pped while journeying to France in 1406 and held in the Tower. The reign of(1413–1422) renewed England's fortune in the Hundred Years' War against Fr ...
John Hawkwood... e White Company, comprising men-at-arms and longbowmen and commanded by Sir, is the best known English Free Company of the 14th century. The powerful ...
John of Lancaster... ital city of English power in occupied France and when the duke of Bedford,bought Joan of Arc from his ally, the duke of Burgundy who had been keepin ...
Sophie of WürttembergWilliam III had a rather unhappy marriage with, and his heirs died young. This raised the possibility of the extinction ...
Philip's... saintliness. Louis VII ordered the use of fleur-de-lis clothing in his soncoronation in 1179, while the first visual evidence of clearly heraldic us ...
Humphry DavyClathrate hydrates were first documented in 1810 by Sir
Prince John... rtook its expansion while preparing for war with Richard's younger brother,, who in Richard's absence arrived in England to try to seize power. As Lo ...
Jamie Lee Curtis... te is an alternate opening detailing Buckaroo's tragic childhood, featuringas Banzai's mother) and director Richter's commentary, which reveals some ...
Dave Grohl... s. It has become highly popular amongst musicians; Foo Fighters lead singersaid "We play the Big Day Out because it's the best tour in the world. You ...
James TyrrellSir, who was subsequently executed for these actions. Edmund sought the help ...
Philip II of France... paternal half-sister to Marguerite of France, Alys, Countess of the Vexin,and Agnes of France. She was also an older maternal half-sister to William ...
Comte de Mirabeau... sman. Believing that he could save France alone, he refused to act with theor Marquis de Lafayette. He caused the king's acceptance of the suspensive ...
Andrew Carnegie... yed in the unpublished first draft sketches. It is most probably based upon's Skibo Castle, befitting the character of Scrooge McDuck as a loose cari ...
Harold Macmillan... ared in late 1961 to represent the recent victory of British prime minister's Conservative Party in parliamentary elections. The American actress, wh ...
Abigail MashamSarah had always been jealous of Anne's affection for. Together with the Duke of Marlborough and most of the Whig party, she ha ...
Francis Stephen... y Russia and Austria in the War of the Polish Succession. The Lorraine duke, betrothed to the Emperor's daughter Archduchess Maria Theresa, was compe ...
Duchess of Somerset... y developed between Catherine and his wife, her former lady-in-waiting, the, which became particularly acute over the matter of Catherine's jewels. C ...
Garfield Barwick... . He conferred (against Whitlam's advice) with High Court Chief Justice Sir, who agreed that he had the power to dismiss Whitlam
Earl of Marlborough... ed to restore the collection from a dilapidated condition. He persuaded theto ask for additional rooms in the palace for the books. This was granted, ...
Frederick William IV... my, not Austria. In refusing to agree to the offer of the imperial crown to, Maximilian had the support of his parliament. In withholding his assent ...
Titian... not on medievalism, but on the Italian High Renaissance artists of Venice,and Veronese
Anne Boleyn... line of thinking followed by the late Joanna Denny in her 2004 biography of
Blanche... , who had been invested as Count of Poitou, their mother, the Queen Dowageropenly snubbed her. This so infuriated Isabella, who had a deep-seated hat ...
Brunswick-Lüneburg... of the Hanoverian Kings of Great Britain, under their title as the dukes of(later described as the Elector of Hanover). At the end of the Napoleonic ...
John Abbott(1821–1893) was Prime Minister of Canada, 1891–1892
Catherine de' Medici... rst, a simple velvet-covered hoop and plate of iron, was supposedly worn by. The other—said to have been worn by Anna of Austria—is a hinged pair of ...
Dwight Eisenhower... the well-being of the town despite the refusal of the townspeople to help.loved the film and frequently screened it in the White House, as did many ...
Ludovico Sforza... XII invaded Italy in 1499: after Gian Giacomo Trivulzio had ousted its duke, Cesare accompanied the king in his entrance in Milan
Louis VII... t was associated with the Virgin Mary, and in the 12th century Louis VI andstarted to use the emblem, on sceptres for example, so connecting their ru ...
Prince Albert... oria", which also featured the tenor Ian Partridge singing songs written by
John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford... irst as Souhegan East, then as Bedford in 1750. The town was named for Lord, Secretary of State for the Southern Department (1748–1751), and a close ...
King George III... me a member of the Company of Surgeons. In 1776 he was appointed surgeon to
James I... ied in 1406, regents had to rule the country; the monarch, Robert III's son, had been taken captive by the English. Having paid a large ransom, James ...
Boleyn's father... nry VIII made Aylesbury the county town in preference to Buckingham becauseowned property there and was a regular visitor himself. Other medieval res ...
Catherine Sedley... lly, as his estates were deeply in debt. Sarah had a rival for Churchill in, a wealthy mistress of James II and the choice of Churchill's father, Sir ...
Datu... lcántara Monteclaro in his book Maragtas tell the story of the ten chiefs (s) who escaped from the tyranny of Datu Makatunaw from Borneo and came to ...
Henry... into a major fortress along the Anglo-Scottish border. His son, also called(1299–1352), continued the building. The Abbot's Tower, the Middle Gateway ...
Titian... human anatomy he dedicated to Charles V. Most believe it was illustrated by's pupil Jan Stephen van Calcar. A few weeks later he published an abridge ...
Charles I of EnglandSir Owen's descendants includeand Oliver Cromwell; King Juan Carlos of Spain and Elizabeth II, the curre ...
Joseph... João V died on July 31, 1750 in Lisbon, and was succeeded by his son Prince
Charles V... ng of Hungary and Bohemia. This link strengthened in 1546, when the emperorobtained the help of the duke during the war of the league of Schmalkalden ...
Frederick Maurice... battle. In compiling his biography of General Rawlinson, Major-General Sirwas supplied by the Reichsarchiv with a figure of 164,055 for the German k ...
King Henry VIII... dover and Anne Boleyn also owned property in the same town. It is said thatmade Aylesbury the county town in preference to Buckingham because Boleyn' ...
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart... Seraglio; also known as Il Seraglio) is an opera Singspiel in three acts by. The German libretto is by Christoph Friedrich Bretzner with adaptations ...
Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle... hat, at the time of the charter, Governor Benning Wentworth was indebted tofor his appointment as governor. According to Worcester, it was "very much ...
Count of Toulouse... inherited from his father all the rights of Alphonse de Poitiers (the last), made them over to Charles II, King of Naples and Count of Provence (129 ...
Henry VI of EnglandAfter defeat at the Battle of Towton,crossed the Solway in August 1461 to land at Kirkcudbright in support of Q ...
John A. Macdonald... 854 Cartier was appointed to cabinet. From 1857 to 1862 he served alongsideas co-premier of the united province. Cartier was a loyal friend of Macdon ...
Stanley Rous... rst to run the full length of the pitch. It was opened on 23 August 1961 by, secretary of the Football Association. The 10,008 capacity all-seater st ...
Henry II... ained pastors to lead congregations in France. Despite heavy persecution by, the Reformed Church of France, largely Calvinist in direction, made stea ...
Henry, Count of Anjou and Duke of Normandy, later King Henry II of England... ix, was awarded to their father, King Louis. Their mother, Eleanor, married, and so left France. In 1160, when her father, King Louis, married Adele ...
Francis I... f Dreux and of Rethel, governor of Champagne (d. 1524), who was employed byin many diplomatic negotiations, more particularly in his intrigues to get ...
King Charles I... med by the House of Burgesses in the British Colony of Virginia by order of, in 1634. The county was largely composed of farms and undeveloped land u ...
Hans Sloane... ney to Paris. And in 1700 he satirised the Royal Society — or at least, Sir, their president — in two dialogues, entitled The Transactioner. At Mount ...
Pelé... 2002), and is listed as one of FIFA's 125 best living players (as chosen by). Washington Post columnist Michael Wilbon called Hamm, "Perhaps the most ...
Karl Mack von Leiberich... trians began the war by invading Bavaria with an army of about 70,000 under, and the French army marched out from Boulogne in late July 1805 to confr ...
Countess of ChampagneMarie of France,(1145 – March 11, 1198) was the elder daughter of Louis VII of France and ...
Francis IThough he was not personally interested in religious reform,(1515–47) initially maintained an attitude of tolerance, arising from his ...
Winston Churchill... Cyril Newall, then Chief of the Air Staff, resisted repeated requests fromto weaken the home defence by sending precious squadrons to France. When t ...
Lew Grade... ial television in the 1950s, where it was broadcast on Sunday afternoons by's Associated TeleVision. This exposure gave Liberace a dedicated followin ...
Benjamin Britten... , who then sold it to James Osborn, who then donated it to Yale University.gave the first rediscovered performance of the Hamburg version in 1967, af ...
Henry IV... , who married Anthony de Bourbon, duke of Vendôme, and became the mother of, king of France
Peter II of Aragon... erritory (the "Reconquista"); to the east, in 1213, the defeat and death of("Peter the Catholic") in the Battle of Muret put an end to the project of ...
Ferdinand... of opposition to the Habsburgs until in 1534 he made a treaty at Linz with, king of Hungary and Bohemia. This link strengthened in 1546, when the em ...
Geoffrey of Villehardouin... pt, the object of their crusade; one of the envoys was the future historian. Genoa was uninterested, but in March 1201 negotiations were opened with ...
Queen Mary II... in 1691 from New Kent County. The county is named for King William III andof England. King and Queen County is notable as one of the few counties in ...
Empress... strong Commonwealth. The nobility's Targowica Confederation appealed to thefor help and in May 1792 the Russian army entered the territory of the Com ...
John Maynard Keynes... xter White, Secretary of the Treasury and Henry Morgenthau), but opposed by, head of the British delegation. The disagreement led to Chase Bank repre ...
Harvey Fierstein... iews and 781 performances at the Minskoff Theatre. Alfred Molina, and later, starred as Tevye, and Randy Graff, and later Andrea Martin and Rosie O'D ...
Louis VII of France... ce, Countess of Champagne (1145 – March 11, 1198) was the elder daughter ofand his first wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine
Grace Kelly... scheming villain, an ex-tennis pro who tries to murder his unfaithful wifefor her money. When she kills the hired assassin in self-defense, Milland ...
Sir Thomas Borough... dward. Sir Edward Borough was the eldest son of the 2nd Baron's eldest son,, who would become the 1st Baron Burgh in December 1529 after his father w ...
Suchet... ptain, and in 1809 - 1810 found opportunities for winning distinction underin the eastern theatre of the Peninsular War, in which he rose to the rank ...
Henry Percy, 1st Earl of NorthumberlandThe Percy family were powerful lords in northern England.(1341–1408), rebelled against King Richard II and helped dethrone him. The ...
Louis X... after a violent quarrel, to grant a share in the government to his brother, an arrangement which lasted until the death of Louis in 1545
Seguin II... the latter appeared c. 844 in the region of Bordeaux. In Autumn 845, countmarched on the Vikings assaulting Bordeaux and Saintes but was captured an ...
Louis XIV... defensive lines in the west. Villars moved after him, under new orders fromto prevent the fall of Mons at all costs – effectively an order for the ag ...
Diana, Princess of Wales... t the piece of fiction was based on a real-life liaison between Giscard and. He later stressed that the story was entirely made up and no such affair ...
William the Silent... ited all his lands. This "William I of Orange" - in English better known as- became the founder of the House of Orange-Nassau
Henry the Fowler... ed the Magyars in their 915 campaign against the Duchy of Saxony under Duke
Alys, Countess of the VexinShe was an older paternal half-sister to Marguerite of France,, Philip II of France and Agnes of France. She was also an older maternal ...
Béla... ughter, Agnes of Châtillon, in 1154 (who later married the Hungarian Prince, who was living at the court of Byzantine emperor Manuel I Comnenus in Co ...
Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine... -Jean-Baptiste Society and became active in politics as campaign manager of. In 1848, Cartier gave up his law practice and ran for office as a Reform ...
Prince William of Orange... spread. In 1688, a group of politicians known as the Immortal Seven invited, husband of James's Protestant daughter Mary, to invade England and remov ...
Queen Anne... ttlefield victories, Marlborough received no personal letter of thanks from. Richard Blackmore's Instructions to Vander Beck was virtually alone amon ...
King William III... ounty was established in 1691 from New Kent County. The county is named forand Queen Mary II of England. King and Queen County is notable as one of t ...
Robert Menziesdefeated Hughes for the UAP leadership and became Prime Minister on 26 Apr ...
Robert III... II of the House of Stuart. The reigns of both Robert II and his successor,, were marked by a general decline in royal power. When Robert III died in ...
Anna Komnene... ions about it. Again and again their historians refer to that dreadful day", writing a few decades after the actual battle, wrote
James IIThe early reign ofwas relatively successful; it was not expected that a Catholic king could ...
William IV... maintenance of peace. He died in March 1508, and was succeeded by his son,, whose mother, Kunigunde, was a daughter of the emperor Frederick III
Romanework Haile Selassie... sie was married to Woizero Altayech, and that from this union, his daughterwas born
Eleanor of Aquitaine... 11, 1198) was the elder daughter of Louis VII of France and his first wife,
Duke of Vasconia... sometimes the Counts of Bordeaux held the title concomitantly with that of. They were meant to keep in check the Basques and defend the mouth of the ...
Earl of Derby... ental Europeans arose from discussion in 1977 between Jack Nicklaus and the, who was serving as the President of the Professional Golfers' Associatio ...
Alix of FranceMarie's younger sister was
Henry II... se which could be removed in the event of an attack. It was probably during's reign (1154–1189) that a forebuilding was added to the south side of th ...
James I of Aragon... to the project of consolidating Catalan power over Provence. His successordid not fully consolidate his power until 1227; once he consolidated his i ...
Frederica Dorothea Wilhelmina of SwedenIn 1804 the parish of Volgsjö was renamed Vilhelmina in honour of Queen
James Anderton... ester Police which was at that time run by devout Christian Chief Constable, police raids on video hire shops increased. However the choice of titles ...
Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland... d III through John of Gaunt and his illegitimate daughter (Cecily's mother). Although this claim was though an illegitimate line, it was no weaker th ...
Sigurd the Mighty... the Sudreys as a vassal of King Harald. His grandson Thorstein the Red and, Jarl of Orkney invaded Scotland were able to exact tribute from nearly h ...
Mary... en invited Prince William of Orange, husband of James's Protestant daughter, to invade England and remove James from power, though the plan became pu ...
Arthur Conan Doyle... er, and also in the "Song of the Bow", a poem from The White Company by Sir
Isabel... r relationship improved. Later Teresa Cristina gave birth to more children:, in 1846; Leopoldina, in 1847; and lastly, Pedro, in 1848. However, both ...
William VThe succeeding duke, Albert's son,(called the Pious), had received a Jesuit education and showed keen attach ...
George III... rd (1987) set during the late 18th and early 19th centuries in the reign of, and finally Blackadder Goes Forth (1989) in 1917, set in the trenches of ...
Henry the Lion... of importance only after the division of the duchy of Saxony on the fall of, when the archbishop of Cologne, duke of Westphalia from 1180 onwards, pl ...
Marquis of Dalhousie... twenty-four umbrellas." In 1855 the King of Burma directed a letter to thein which he styles himself "His great, glorious, and most excellent Majest ...
Henry II... e Wars of Religion. The civil wars were helped along by the sudden death ofin 1559, which began a prolonged period of weakness for the French crown. ...
Lloyd George... te being asked to do so on three separate occasions in 1920. From 1926 whenbecame leader of the Liberals, Keynes took a major role in defining the pa ...
Maria of Montferrat... sitioned as King of Cyprus. After their deaths in 1205, her eldest daughter(born after her father's murder) succeeded to the throne of Jerusalem
Richard II... Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland (1341–1408), rebelled against Kingand helped dethrone him. The earl later rebelled against King Henry IV and ...
Duke of Wellington... n. Sparrows became a nuisance; Queen Victoria mentioned this problem to the, who offered the famous solution, "Sparrowhawks, Ma'am"
Arthur Fadden... ewly created Advisory War Council in October 1940. New Country Party leaderbecame Treasurer and Menzies unhappily conceded to allow Earle Page back i ...
Giorgio VasariAmong Bandinelli's pupils wereand Francesco de' Rossi (Il Salviati). His sons Clemente Bandinelli, a col ...
Tenchi MasakiIn the series' main continuities,is the main character who was living a peaceful life in the countryside wi ...
Uilleam II, Earl of Ross... heir chief, the Earl of Ross was captured. This meant that for a short timesided with the English but he later supported Robert the Bruce of Scotland ...
Louis IV... policies of his predecessor. He chose to make peace with Holy Roman Emperor, and as far as possible came to terms with the Franciscans, who were then ...
George V... wfoundland Regiment was given the name "The Royal Newfoundland Regiment" byon 28 November 1917. Because of the slaughter, the first day of the Battle ...
Mozart... e, is first presented to the audience as a child prodigy playing a piece by, but suddenly starts to bang on the piano keys when he notices out the wi ...
Louis-Amable Jetté... ember 1867. At the next federal election on August 1872, he was defeated bywhile seeking a second term in Montreal East in the face of the Pacific Sc ...
Henry IV... ent, turned. He was presented by his countryman, the Cardinal Du Perron, to; and, though that economical prince did not at first show any great eager ...
Prince of Brazil... eight more children, including John himself. When John was born, he becameas the king's heir-apparent, as well as the 11th Duke of Braganza
Margaret Thatcher... 987 general election, in the hope of ousting the Conservative government of
Albert I... m, such as hosting foreign dignitaries. Among these was the King of Belgium, the first European monarch to visit the United States. Edward, Prince of ...
Richard I of England... away Byzantine province of Cyprus. But rather than return it to the Empire,sold the island to the Knights Templa
Duke of Marlborough... sive lines and the Marshal's orders from Versailles not to risk battle, theconcentrated instead on taking the fortresses of Tournai and Ypres. Tourna ...
Albert V... many. William, whose death occurred in March 1550, was succeeded by his son, who had married a daughter of Ferdinand of Habsburg, afterwards the empe ...
Cornelius VanderbiltAnother route established byin 1849 was across Nicaragua. The long San Juan River to the Atlantic Ocea ...
Edmund Hillary... ally easier and is the more frequently used route. It was the route used byand Tenzing Norgay in 1953 and the first recognized of fifteen routes to t ...
Anne BoleynIn 1533, More refused to attend the coronation ofas the Queen of England. Technically, this was not an act of treason, as M ...
Dukes of Parma... eurs-de-lis have been used for some papal crowns and coats of arms, Farnese, and by some doges of Venice
Arthur Conan Doyle#The Hound of the Baskervilles by Sir(1859–1930)
The Jarl of Orkney... as were ruled over by local Jarls, originally captains of ships or Hersirs.and Shetland however, claimed supremacy
Duke of Buckingham... n the UK today. The arms were first borne at the Battle of Agincourt by the
Émile Loubet... euil racetrack in Paris in 1899. In this incident, the President of France,, was struck on the head with a walking stick by Count Albert de Dion, own ...
George II of Great Britain... can Forbes of Culloden, was Lord President of the Court of Session for King's government in London. Duncan Forbes and Alexander Ross the Pitcalnie ch ...
William Erskine... nd four Portuguese (Arentschildt (2), Da Cunha, Rozierres) 6-gun batteries.(5th Division), Alexander Campbell (6th Division) and 300 Portuguese caval ...
Henry IV... en 30,000 and 100,000 Huguenots across France. The wars only concluded when, himself a former Huguenot, issued the Edict of Nantes, promising officia ...
Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna... th the doomed Russian Imperial Family, harbouring romantic feelings towards, whose photograph he kept at his bedside for the rest of his life
Diana, Princess of Wales... hester, and a major hospital, the Countess of Chester Hospital, named afterand Countess of Chester
Leopold VI, Duke of Austria... Vienna, Austria, traces its history to an endowment made by the Babenberger(“the Glorious”) to the Cistercian monks at Lilienfeld Abbey in 1202, thou ...
Arthur Coles... y, continuing in office only because of the support of two independent MPs,and Alexander Wilson. The UAP–Country Party coalition and the Labor partie ...
Henry VIII... uted to 19th century historian Agnes Strickland's book on the wives of King. Research of documents (including Maud Parr's Will) conducted by Susan Ja ...
King James I... first permanent English settlement in the "New World", Jamestown. Named for, it was founded in May 1607 by Christopher Newport. In 1619, colonists to ...
Lord Gambier... mudians had preceded him into senior ranks, including Bahamian-born Admiral, and Bermudian-born Royal Marines Brigadier Harvey, who, when promoted to ...
Louis I, Duke of Bavaria... 1195, the Palatinate passed to the House of Welf through marriage. In 1225,obtained the Palatinate, and thus the castle came under his control. By 13 ...
Christian II... e laid to rest after her death in 1521. The son of Hans and Christina, King, with his wife Isabella of Austria, was also interred in the royal family ...
Anne of Brittany... incourt in 1415. Alain the Great, lord of Albret (d. 1522), wished to marry, and to that end fought against Charles VIII; but his hopes being defeate ...
Anne Boleyn... arliamentary Act of Succession. More accepted Parliament's right to declarethe legitimate Queen of England, but he steadfastly refused to take the oa ...
Benjamin Britten... tures a difficult and very high double bass solo in the "Romance" movement.'s The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra contains a prominent passage ...
Philip II of Spain... lii suorum de humani corporis fabrica librorum epitome, and dedicated it to, son of the Emperor
Louis XIII... , elle a vécu ce que vivent les roses - the odes to Marie de' Medici and to, are the best-remembered of his works
Prince of Orange... is son René of Châlon-Orange in 1538, who was, as his full name stated, the. When René died prematurely on the battlefield in 1544 his possessions pa ...
King Edward... de according to military historian D. J. Cathcart King. It was held againstuntil its surrender in mid-September 1461 after the Battle of Towton. Re-c ...
Mary I of England... o make them look taller or larger than life, such as Catherine de Medici or. By 1580, men also wore them, and a person with authority or wealth was o ...
Clement VII... the antipopes Clement VII and Benedict XIII returned to reside at Avignon.lived in Avignon during his entire anti-pontificate, while Benedict XIII o ...
the Duke of Somerset... ms also emerged. In 1689, Anne's supporters (including the Marlboroughs and) demanded that she be granted a parliamentary annuity of £50 000, a sum t ...
Napoleon III... arly years of the war, British foreign secretary Lord John Russell, Emperorof France, and, to a lesser extent, British Prime Minister Lord Palmerston ...
Louis XIV... effectively annexed to the Kingdom of France only in 1653, when the army ofentered the city
Jeffrey Archer... Radio 4 series Gush, a satire based on the first Gulf War, in the style of. With Newman he also wrote the family-friendly satirical sitcom My Dad's ...
Richard Rogers... eodesic domes while the George Pompidou Center, designed by Renzo Piano and, which opened in 1977, was a prominent example. As the decade drew to a c ...
Henry IV... ng Richard II and helped dethrone him. The earl later rebelled against Kingand after defeating the earl in the Battle of Shrewsbury, the king chased ...
Bertrand Russell... ics to a logical formulation via set theory and its derailing by a youthful, the discoverer of Russell's paradox. Frege had planned a three volume de ...
Nicholas II of Russia... d Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, the daughter of the murdered Tsar. However, the ultimate test for her is to convince the Dowager Empress, M ...
Alexander I of Russia... Austro-Russian army under the command of Mikhail Kutuzov, with the Emperorpersonally present. On 2 December, Napoleon crushed the joint Austro-Russi ...
Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria... ience and effectiveness of the German army. The German Army Group Commanderstated: "What remained of the old first-class peace-trained German infantr ...
Franz II...  I. His mother was the Archduchess Maria Leopoldina of Austria, daughter of, the last Holy Roman Emperor. Through his mother, Pedro was a nephew of N ...
George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus... Scotland for help. They organised a mainly Scots relief force which, underand de Brézé, set out on 22 November. Warwick's army, commanded by the exp ...
Charles Seymour... eaving the court as well, and Sarah and she went to stay with their friends, the sixth Duke of Somerset, and Elizabeth, the Duchess of Somerset at Sy ...
Sir Henry Aubrey-Fletcher... ant and a High Sheriff. Currently the Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire isand the High Sheriff of Buckinghamshire is Amanda Nicholson. The office of ...
Princess Alice of Greece and Denmark... f Hesse and were given the less exalted Battenberg title. His siblings were(mother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh), Queen Louise of Sweden, and ...
Charles II... he was one of the commissioners sent to Holland for the purpose of invitingto Scotland, and of settling the terms of his admission to the government. ...
Lord GreyWhen the Whigs came to power underin November 1830 he became Home Secretary in the new government. During th ...
Friedrich V, Duke of Austria... til Sigismund came of age. The Landstände of Tyrol choose Sigismund’s uncle. The contracts of the guardianship were put in Oswald's care. Oswald used ...
Prince of Orange... t Languet, who served as de Saxe under Emperor Charles V and then under the, who claimed in 1565 that Vesalius was performing an autopsy on an aristo ...
King Edward VII... ormed National Battlefields Commission, a group that, following the lead of, began to collect historical data relating to the plains and the battles ...
Baden-Powell... form is a specific characteristic of the Scouting movement, in the words ofat the 1937 World Jamboree, "it covers the differences of country and race ...
RaphaelFile:Raffael 006.jpg|, Tempera and gold on wood, 1503–150
Cardinal Richelieu... (1941), she fictionalized Genghis Khan; in The Arm and the Darkness (1943),; in A Pillar of Iron (1965), the Roman senator and orator Cicero; and in ...
John Sobieski... is responsibilities and with Poland's quarreling factions. After his death,was elected King of the and crowned as John III
Philip IIHarsh persecution of Protestants by the Spanish government ofcontributed to a desire for independence in the provinces, which led to th ...
Duke of York... its were found. Conflict over uncertain colonial limits continued until thecaptured New Netherland in 1664." On the other hand, Connecticut's origina ...
James I of ScotlandThe title reverted to the crown in 1424. Kingrestored the title to Margaret, whose son was Alexander, 3rd Lord of the I ...
Maximilian IWhatever lustre the international position won bymight add to the ducal house, on Bavaria itself its effect during the next ...
Richard, Earl of Cornwall... diminished territories of Outremer throughout most of the 13th century andreconstructed and refortified the citadel during 1240–41, as part of the C ...
Charles II... parliaments during the Interregnum, but reinstated with the restoration ofin 1660. 1 May 1707 was the day the Act of Union came into effect, joining ...
J. P. Morgan... ng to convince Hoover to veto the bill, calling it "an economic stupidity."'s chief executive Thomas W. Lamont said he "almost went down on [his] kne ...
Benito MussoliniBetween 1924 and 1945,'s Fascist government forced minorities living in Italy to assume the Ital ...
Mary... h in the same year left the Crown in the hands of his six-day-old daughter,. Once again, a regency was established
Napoleon Bonaparte...  II, the last Holy Roman Emperor. Through his mother, Pedro was a nephew ofand first cousin of Emperors Napoleon II of France, Franz Joseph I (Franci ...
King... step-children; a trait which she would again show after her marriage to the. Her teenage stepson, John, proved to be difficult. There is some indicat ...
Prince Albert... nd led a further programme for a comprehensive restoration at the behest of. Salvin was succeeded in the work by John Taylor. When a feature did not ...
Philip II of SpainAfter the Magellan expedition, Kingsent Ruy López de Villalobos and Miguel López de Legazpi in 1543 and 1565 ...
Maximilian I... summoned to Munich where, in 1638, he became court chaplain to the elector. He remained in Munich till 1650, when he went to live at Landshut and af ...
Napoleon's... me in June 1800, with the Kingdom of Naples's control of Rome threatened by. It contains depictions of torture, murder and suicide, yet also includes ...
Lord FitzwilliamIn 1816 Lamb was returned for Peterborough by Whig grandee. He told Lord Holland that he was committed to the Whig principles of the ...
elder brother... s the Commonwealth realms; however, after the births of two children to his, and an evolution of the Commonwealth, Prince Andrew is currently fourth ...
SibyllaThat year he allied withand Guy of Lusignan against Count Raymond, and his influence contributed t ...
Hugh Capet... the count Borrell II made official in 987 when he failed to swear fealty to, the first Capetian monarch. In those years of the formation of the Catal ...
Edward, Prince of Wales... of Belgium Albert I, the first European monarch to visit the United States., the future monarch of the United Kingdom, spent two days with Marshall a ...
James Ensor... e personal than that of other Symbolist painters such as Gustave Moreau and. Nonetheless, Munch was highly influential, particularly with the German ...
Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.In 1914, their son,(1888–1969) married Rose Fitzgerald (1890–1995), the daughter of Boston (M ...
Sigismund... This changed with the death of Count Friedrich on 24 June 1439. As the heirwas only twelve years old at the time, a guardian had to be found until Si ...
Lord CarnarvonFollowing a campaign by whichhad successfully brought about federation in Canada, it was thought that s ...
John William Friso, Prince of Orange... ench left wing back into the forest behind them. The Dutch under command of, on the Allied left wing, attacked the French right flank half an hour la ...
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor... of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia (1683–1754), daughter ofand his third wife, Eleonore Magdalena of the Palatinate-Neuburg, thus str ...
Anthony Eden... o met with Eisenhower on September 25, 1956, then relayed to Prime Ministerthe false impression that Eisenhower promised to support an invasion. In 1 ...
John de Vere, Earl of Oxford... ', 'idiot uncle'. From his first marriage to Dorothy de Vere, sister of the, he had two children, John and Margaret. Neville was one of fifteen child ...
George Marshall... to prevent troopers in training from seeing it, for fear of morale. Generalcame to the film's defense, stating that because of the film's gritty real ...
Artois#(Arras
Duke Eudes... was plundered by the troops of Abd er Rahman in 732, after he had defeatedin the Battle of the River Garonne near Bordeaux and before the former was ...
Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia... oup of Russian expatriates, led by Yul Brynner, into passing herself off as, the daughter of the murdered Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. However, the ul ...
Raphael... amazed by the paintings in the gallery, particularly those of Correggio and. During the summer of 1798 his uncle was promoted to a court in Berlin, a ...
Maximilian I... the family for nearly 200 years. In 1597 he abdicated in favour of his son, and retired into a monastery, where he died in 1626
Gugsa Araya Selassie... fter avoiding capture for about five years, Iyasu was taken into custody by
Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia... 9 April, between the French and the Piedmontese, and within only two weekswas forced to sign an armistice. On May 15 the French general then entered ...
Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine... title of Prince-Elector. In 1648, at the end of the war, Frederick V's son, was able to recover his titles and lands
Robert Peel... 9, 1829, the Metropolitan Police Act was passed by Parliament, allowing Sir, the then home secretary, to found the London Metropolitan Police. This p ...
Vasari... the Baroque period. Patronised by the Medici, he aspired to become the newby renewing and expanding his biographies of artists, to which Baldinucci ...
Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland... berland carried out renovations in the 16th century. After the execution of, in 1572 Alnwick castle was uninhabited. In the second half of the 18th c ...
Queen Louise of Sweden... s Alice of Greece and Denmark (mother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh),, and George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven
Sir Henry Bartle Frere... African kingdoms, tribal areas and Boer republics in South Africa. In 1874,was sent to South Africa as High Commissioner for the British Empire to br ...
Rutherford's... i had been born a few years earlier, one could well imagine him discoveringatomic nucleus, and then developing Bohr's theory of the hydrogen atom. If ...
Winston Churchill... lew to Britain to discuss the weakness of Singapore's defences and sat with's British War Cabinet. En route he inspected Singapore's defences – findi ...
Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona... an early 12th-century Latin chronicle called the Liber maiolichinus, whereis referred to as catalanicus heroes, rector catalanicus, and dux catalane ...
King William IV... t acceptable replacement among the Whig leaders, and became Prime Minister.'s opposition to the Whigs' reforming ways led him to dismiss Melbourne in ...
James V... r noblemen, and hundreds of soldiers were killed. As his son and successor,, was an infant, the government was again taken over by regents. James V l ...
Henry VIII... d his queen. It was rebuilt by Edward I at a cost of over £300 and again byin 1519; the current building dates from this period, although the chapel ...
Maria Anna of Austria... r 1708 he married his maternal first cousin Archduchess & Princess Imperial, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia (1683–1754), daughter of Leopold I ...
Harold Macmillan... diplomatic pressure to make them withdraw from Egypt. Controversy surrounds, who met with Eisenhower on September 25, 1956, then relayed to Prime Min ...
André Masséna... Wellington checked an attempt by the French Army of Portugal under Marshalto relieve the besieged city of Almeida
Joanna, Countess of Provence... d from that time till 1377 was the papal seat. In 1348 the city was sold by, to Clement VI for 80,000 florins
Medea... xample, to that of Jason in Apollonius of Rhodes' Argonautica or Euripides'; the entry in Ovid's Fasti for May 11 is a poem on the birth of Orion, bu ...
Counts of Bordeaux... r sympathise with a Basque rebellion. Under the Carolingians, sometimes theheld the title concomitantly with that of Duke of Vasconia. They were mean ...
James III... ccident at the age of thirty, and a council of regents again assumed power.was defeated in a battle against rebellious Scottish earls in 1488, leadin ...
Maria Anna of AustriaJohn married Archduchess, daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, his first cousin, in 1708. Fr ...
Warwick... nd cousin, a twice-widowed descendant of George Neville, 1st Baron Latimer,, the 'Kingmaker's', 'idiot uncle'. From his first marriage to Dorothy de ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... of the next three decades, excepting the two-term presidency of Republican. African Americans moved into the Democratic Party during Roosevelt's tim ...
André Masséna... ated (another army under Archduke Charles manoeuvred inconclusively against's French army in Italy), Napoleon occupied Vienna. Far from his supply li ...
Sir Garfield Barwick... November, Kerr consulted the Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia,. Kerr asked Barwick to advise him on whether he had the constitutional po ...
Edward III... aim to France was only nominal, and was asserted by every English King fromto George III, regardless of the amount of French territory actually contr ...
Sir Anthony Mason... hat he did. He also advised him that at least one other High Court justice,, concurred in this view
René of Châlon... continue the use of the name Châlon-Orange. History knows him therefore as. After the death of René in 1544 his cousin William of Nassau-Dillenburg ...
The Shah of Iran... I of Ethiopia had an SM, while Ugandan dictator Idi Amin had seven of them.drove an SM. Actors Lorne Greene and Lee Majors, General Secretary of the ...
Simon de MontfortFollowing the Battle of Lewes a year earlier, wherehad gained control of parliament, the Battle of Evesham in August 1265 was ...
George III... was only nominal, and was asserted by every English King from Edward III to, regardless of the amount of French territory actually controlled.) The a ...
King Henry VIII... on period. Later, Buckinghamshire became an important political arena, withintervening in local politics in the 16th century and just a century later ...
Prince Eugene of Savoy... h considerable British and Prussian contingents, was led by Marlborough and, while the French and a contingent of Bavarians were commanded by Villars ...
Philip II of Spain... and the organization of the two books were quite varied. He dedicated it to, son of the Emperor
Grand Duke of Luxembourg... vince of Hesse-Nassau. The deposed duke Adolph of Nassau in 1890 became the(see House of Nassau)
Daniel Drew... lties for failure to deliver on a short selling contract inspired financierto warn: "He who sells what isn't his'n, Must buy it back or go to pris'n. ...
Tam DalyellThe West Lothian question is often said to have been raised by, then member of Parliament for the former West Lothian constituency, in h ...
James IV... tle against rebellious Scottish earls in 1488, leading to another boy-king:
Queen Anne of Great Britain... fluential women in British history as a result of her close friendship with
Henry VIII... the Dissolution of the Monasteries, all monastic manors were seized by King. They were sold off or given away to the nobility and landed gentry. Gran ...
King William IIIIn 1702,died, and Anne became Queen. Anne immediately offered John Churchill a duk ...
Peter I... antilist policies were imported by Philip V with some success. Russia under(Peter the Great) attempted to pursue mercantilism, but had little success ...
King Charles IWhen civil war broke out, Peterborough was divided between supporters of(known as Cavaliers) and supporters of the Long Parliament (known as Round ...
Grace KellyAfter I Confess (1953) with Montgomery Clift, three popular films starringfollowed. Dial M for Murder (1954) was adapted from the stage play by Fred ...
Maximilian II EmanuelHis good work, however, was largely undone by his son(1679–1726), whose far-reaching ambition set him warring against the Ottom ...
Prince George, Prince of Wales... s that took place on them. Finally, on 24 July 1908, the King's eldest son,, dedicated the Quebec Battlefields Park at the Plains of Abraham, then pr ...
Tom Jones... In 1999, she recorded a cover of the song Never Tear Us Apart by INXS withwhich appeared on his album Reload
Nelson Mandela... for years. In one of the most famous moments marking the end of apartheid,made his first public speech in decades on 11 February 1990 from the balco ...
Titian... anatomy he dedicated to Charles V and which most believe was illustrated by's pupil Jan Stephen van Calcar, though others believe was illustrated by ...
Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine... ife Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine. His maternal grandparents were, and Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, who was a daughter of Queen Vi ...
Peter IV of Aragon... gon in a new state, this union later being confirmed in the 14th century by("Peter the Ceremonious"). Ramon Berenguer IV used "Aragon" as his primary ...
James II... cution of several of his enemies. He was assassinated by a group of nobles.continued his father's policies by subduing influential noblemen but he wa ...
James Lancaster... e very first Englishmen to reach Penang was the navigator and privateer Sirwho on 10 April 1591, commanding the Edward Bonadventure, set sail from Pl ...
Sir Philip Game... on as Governor-General. In so doing, Kerr was aware of the precedent set by, the Governor of New South Wales, who had dismissed Jack Lang's governmen ...
Joseph Bonaparte... nk the French lines, Wellington caught up with and smashed the army of Kingin the Battle of Vitoria, for which he was promoted to field marshal on 21 ...
Michael Heseltine... irect steps to counter the influence of CND, Secretary of State for Defencesetting up Defence Secretariat 19 "to explain to the public the facts abou ...
Ferdinand Maria... ts effect during the next two centuries was more dubious. Maximilian's son,(1651–1679), who was a minor when he succeeded, did much indeed to repair ...
Hirohito... ntentions on issues of utmost importance to the Japanese, including whetherwas to be regarded as one of those who had "misled the people of Japan" or ...
Philip V... coherent economic policy, but French mercantilist policies were imported bywith some success. Russia under Peter I (Peter the Great) attempted to pur ...
Algernon, 4th Duke of NorthumberlandHowever in the 19th centuryreplaced much of Adam's architecture. Instead he paid Anthony Salvin £250, ...
Lupo... was appointed count of Bordeaux, probably undermining the power of the Duke, and possibly leading to the Battle of Roncevaux Pass that very year. In ...
Matt Busby... South Pacific, Connery played in a football match against a local team that, manager of Manchester United, happened to be scouting. According to repo ...
Charles III of SpainIn the 18th century Kingcommissioned Anton Raphael Mengs to paint The Triumph of Trajan on the cei ...
Philibert of Châlon... ené inherited in 1530 the Principality of Orange from his mother's brother,. As the first Nassau to be the Prince of Orange, René could have used "Or ...
James II of England... 77, William married his cousin Mary Stuart, the daughter of the future king. In 1688, William embarked on a mission to depose his Catholic father-in- ...
the Earl Grey... ociation was placed before the Royal Society of Canada and Governor Generalinitiated his plan to preserve the battlefields, having visited the site a ...
Duchy of Spoleto... ame under the rule of the Lombards as part of the Lombard and then Frankish
Grand Duchess Maria... assassination in 1979, Mountbatten kept a photograph of Anastasia's sister,, beside his bed in memory of his youthful romantic attachment to her
King George IIIAlthough her mother was a grandchild of, May was only a minor member of the British Royal Family. Her father, the ...
Louis XV... g scale projects, with the team Gabriel father and son, architects for King, under the supervision of two intendants (Governors), first Nicolas-Franç ...
Queen Mary... ard and Elizabeth spent their youth at Hatfield Palace. His eldest daughterlived there between 1533 and 1536, when she was sent to wait on the then P ...
William III... tion; and she promoted her interests during the rule of James's successors,and Mary II. When Anne came to the throne after William's death in 1702, t ...
Duke of Norfolk... ng Catherine and her step-children penniless. The King himself wrote to thepressing him to make sure Latimer would 'condemn that villain Aske and sub ...
Robert PeelWellington was gradually superseded as leader of the Tories by, whilst the party evolved into the Conservatives. When the Tories were re ...
Duke of Wellington... ical actors, a squirrel-hating transvestite highwayman, and a duel with the(played by Stephen Fry)
King Louis... , wanted to order Luxembourg to immediately besiege Namur or Charleroi, but, concerned about the dauphin’s forces on the Rhine, ordered Luxembourg to ...
Humphry DavySince the discovery of potassium by, it had been assumed that alumina, the basis of clay, contained a metal i ...
Anne Cecil... l, to Lord Rich. Sidney was knighted in 1583. An early arrangement to marry, daughter of Sir William Cecil and eventual wife of de Vere, had fallen t ...
Queen Anne... great contempt. This book offended Prince George of Denmark, the consort of; and the Danish Minister protested
Viscount Wellington... ttle of Fuentes de Oñoro ( 3–6 May 1811), the British-Portuguese Army underchecked an attempt by the French Army of Portugal under Marshal André Mass ...
John Gorton, Prime Minister of Australia from 1968–1971, initiated several forms of g ...
John Major... er Sir Winston Churchill, and a former junior minister in the Government of(1990–97). In the 2005 general election, Nicholas Soames held the seat wit ...
Princess Elizabeth... e wrote and arranged three masques, "The Lords' Masque" for the marriage of, an entertainment for the amusement of Queen Anne at Caversham House, and ...
Charles II... store the monarchy. In 1660, the monarchy was restored when Charles I's sonwas declared king
King Charles II... y constituted in 1303, by Boniface VIII in a Papal Bull. Boniface VIII, andof Naples should be considered one of the first great protectors and benef ...
EdwardHenry VIII's childrenand Elizabeth spent their youth at Hatfield Palace. His eldest daughter Qu ...
Maria Theresa... validity of the Pragmatic Sanction which secured the Habsburg succession to, allied himself with France, conquered Upper Austria, was crowned king of ...
Lucrezia Borgia... , who, after Cesare's death, was moved to Ferrara to the court of her aunt,
Robert Peel... ws in 1846, with Wellington and most of the former Cabinet still supporting, but most of the MPs led by Lord Derby supporting a protectionist stance. ...
Marshal Ney... with false intelligence. He divided his army into a left wing commanded by, a right wing commanded by Marshal Grouchy, and a reserve, which he comma ...
the Prince of Wales... ey, Archbishop of Canterbury, and her three godparents were Queen Victoria,(later King Edward VII and May's father-in-law), and Princess Augusta, the ...
Ottokar I... ould return to the title of duke. The title of king became hereditary under(1198). His grandson Ottokar II (king from 1253–1278) conquered a short-li ...
Dauphin... ed was that the royal household was still in mourning over the death of the(the king's oldest son) two weeks earlier; ordinarily, political matters c ...
Charles II... ewels of the United Kingdom. From the early 14th century until the reign of, a procession would be led from the Tower to Westminster Abbey on the cor ...
Bismarck's... ts who founded St. Ignatius College were exiles from Germany, forced out byKulturkampf. They brought with them the traditional structure of the Jesui ...
Duke of Marlborough... same year he published Rufinus, a historical essay; and a political poem onand his adherents
Queen Anne... r the marriage of Princess Elizabeth, an entertainment for the amusement ofat Caversham House, and a third for the marriage of the Earl of Somerset t ...
Francis I... e Palace of Fontainebleau. This was accomplished by the great builder-king,(1494–1547), who, in the largest of his many construction projects, recons ...
Winston Churchill... rliament (MP) is Nicholas Soames, the grandson of former Prime Minister Sir, and a former junior minister in the Government of John Major (1990–97). ...
James II... she married in 1677. Sarah acted as Anne's agent after the latter's father,, was deposed during the Glorious Revolution; and she promoted her interes ...
Andrew Lloyd Webber... r Eliot's death, the book was adapted as the basis of the musical, Cats, by, first produced in London's West End in 1981 and opening on Broadway the ...
Pierre DeligneJean Bourgain, Alain Connes,, Mikhail Gromov, Alexandre Grothendieck, Oscar Lanford III, Laurent Laffo ...
Louise Borgia, Duchess of Valentinois... . She was a sister of John III of Navarre. They were parents to a daughter,, (1500–1553) who first married Louis II de La Tremouille, Governor of Bur ...
Josip Broz Tito... of the partisan-controlled Supreme Headquarters and the capture of Marshal. The offensive took place in April and May, 1944. The Waffen-SS units inv ...
Prince Henry... 613, issued a volume of "Songs of Mourning: Bewailing the Untimely Death of", set to music by John Cooper (also known as Coperario). The same year he ...
Henry VIII... wings in a square surrounding a central courtyard. The palace was seized bywith other church properties
Leopold I, Holy Roman EmperorJohn married Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, daughter of, his first cousin, in 1708. From that marriage were born six children, th ...
Lagrange... tional symbols. The formal algebraic manipulation of series investigated byand Laplace in the 1770s has been put in the form of operator equalities b ...
Joseph Bonaparte... aturely ended when he died of tuberculosis in 1830. Also worthy of note was, the older brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, whose contributions on French t ...
Jaromír of Bohemia... The jurisdiction of the Holy Roman Empire was definitively reasserted whenwas granted fief of the Kingdom of Bohemia by Emperor King Henry II of the ...
William... h earl, was killed at the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333, and his successordied without male issue. The earldom of Ross and the chiefship of Clan Ros ...
Francis IFrom the sixteenth to the eighteenth century, every monarch, fromto Louis XV, made important renovations at the Palace of Fontainebleau, in ...
Charles Mackerras... et in Portsmouth Harbour. Using the operetta music of Sullivan (arranged by) and The Bumboat Woman's Story by Gilbert, John Cranko's 1951 ballet Pine ...
Mary II... omoted her interests during the rule of James's successors, William III and. When Anne came to the throne after William's death in 1702, the Duke of ...
Charles AlbertUntaught by Maximilian II Emmanuel's experience, his son,(1726–1745), devoted all his energies to increasing the European prestige ...
Charles II... vention Parliament which restored Charles I's eldest son to the monarchy as. Following the Restoration, Oliver Cromwell was exhumed and posthumously ...
Conrad of Montferrat... in 1189. He attempted to take command of the Christian forces at Tyre, butheld power there after his successful defence of the city from Muslim atta ...
Christoph Willibald Gluck... Gluck, a story about a man who meets, or believes he has met, the composer(1714–87) more than twenty years after the latter's death. The theme allud ...
Augustus III... farms. The reigns of two kings of the Saxon Wettin dynasty, Augustus II and, brought the Commonwealth further disintegration. The Great Northern War, ...
Henry VII... vourite residence of Queen Elizabeth I. Built in 1497 by the Bishop of Ely,'s minister John Cardinal Morton, it comprised four wings in a square surr ...
Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of BadenHeidelberg fell to the Grand Duchy of Baden in 1803., refounded the University, named "Ruperto-Carola" after its two founders. ...
Edward VI... olitical and historic symbolism was considered useful, for instance each of, Mary I, and Elizabeth I briefly stayed at the Tower before their coronat ...
Félix Faure... 'Aurore on 13 January 1898. The letter was addressed to President of France, and accused the government of anti-Semitism and the unlawful jailing of ...
Elector of BrandenburgPrince Waldeck had hoped to delay the campaign to enable theto move on the Moselle and tie down Boufflers, but Luxembourg’s early mano ...
Queen Margherita... Puccini opera was a national event. Many Roman dignitaries attended, as did, though she arrived late, after the first act. The Prime Minister of Ital ...
King Charles IIHe visited the City as a courtier toin 1671 and described it thus
Nicholas II... s of the Russian Imperial Family ("Nicky" was particularly used to refer to, the last Tsar) so they changed it to Dickie
Lionel Cranfield, 3rd Earl of Middlesex... f sermons appeared in 1640 under the title of Joseph's party-coloured Coat., who lived at Copt Hall, near Waltham, gave him what remained of the book ...
Charles VI... sing the European prestige and power of his house. The death of the emperorproved his opportunity: he disputed the validity of the Pragmatic Sanction ...
Rudolph I of Habsburg... rritory south of the Rhine under their control, aiding their rise to power., who became Holy Roman Emperor in 1273, effectively revoked the status of ...
Galahad... ngs and knights. In a mighty castle stands the Round Table; it is here thatconquers the Siege Perilous, and where the knights see a vision of the Hol ...
King Edward IIIn the 14th century Napton was granted a market charter byand throughout the Middle Ages it was one of the largest settlements in Wa ...
King Henry II... en Jaromír of Bohemia was granted fief of the Kingdom of Bohemia by Emperorof the Holy Roman Empire, with the promise that he hold it as a vassal onc ...
Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin... constant is a recurring constant in number theory. The French mathematicianproved in 1898 that when taking any positive integer n and dividing it by ...
King ArthurTwelve of's battles were recorded by Nennius in Historia Brittonum. The Battle of T ...
Duke of Savoy... ne. Meanwhile Marshal Catinat led the French forces in Dauphiné against the, whilst Marshal Noailles commanded forces deployed on the border of Catal ...
Bevil Grenville... ly, and many panicked. 1,400 of them fled, some as far as Oxford. Under Sir, Hopton's Cornish pikemen stormed Waller's breastworks, while Royalist mu ...
Sir William Hamilton... vement in logic was prompted by a current debate on quantification, betweenwho supported the theory of "quantification of the predicate", and Boole's ...
Mary I... d historic symbolism was considered useful, for instance each of Edward VI,, and Elizabeth I briefly stayed at the Tower before their coronations
Charles I... reat Britain" in 1604—they remained separate kingdoms. James I's successor,, experienced frequent conflicts with the English Parliament related to th ...
Lord Hunt... officers. This much had already been confirmed by former cabinet secretary, who concluded in a secret inquiry conducted in 1996 that "there is absol ...
Edward I... ases of expansion, mainly under Kings Richard the Lionheart, Henry III, andin the 12th and 13th centuries. The general layout established by the late ...
Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of ClarendonBorn in London, the son of Ezekiel King, he was related to the family of. From Westminster School, where he was a scholar under Richard Busby, at ...
Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford... ration of Ireland in a lengthy document. More seriously, he quarrelled with, probably because of Sidney's opposition to the French marriage, which de ...
King James I... uilt in 1611 by Robert Cecil, First Earl of Salisbury and Chief Minister toand has been the home of the Cecil family ever since. It is a prime exampl ...
Robert Peel... inst repeal was 303, by 1845 this had decreased to 132. The first year thatvoted in favour was 1846, though he had spoken in favour of repeal during ...
Charles Theodore... arian line of the Wittelsbachs became extinct, and the succession passed to, the elector palatine. After a separation of four and a half centuries, t ...
Duke of Northumberland... me name in the English county of Northumberland. It is the residence of the, built following the Norman conquest, and renovated and remodelled a numb ...
Sir Robert Baden-Powell... ich are used by most national Scout organizations. The symbol was chosen byas it had been the arm-badge of those soldiers qualified as "Scouts" (reco ...
King Harald... It is the traditional location for the consecration of the King of Norway.was consecrated at Nidaros Cathedral on June 23, 1991
Horace MannSir, but according to Wolf (1902) this must be a mistake, for, apart from th
Harold Macmillan... e of his life" in Dan Macmillan, older brother of the future Prime Minister. Despite his middle-class background, Keynes mixed easily with upper-clas ...
William III... ight of succession was closely guarded. Ultimately, in the conflict between, and James II, it was William, the foreign usurper, who became the popula ...
James I... facto capital of Scotland for much of the period until the assassination ofin 1437. Following her marriage to King Malcolm III, Queen Margaret encour ...
Sir Mark Wilks Collet, 1st Baronet... son of Frederick Henry Norman and Lina Susan Penelope Collet, a daughter of, himself a Bank of England Governor. The Norman family were well known in ...
Wallis Simpson... ated the same year in order to marry twice-divorced American socialite Mrs.. She supported her second son, Albert, who succeeded to the throne as Geo ...
Napoleon III... an claiming to be Napoleon to travel to France. That person turns out to be, the nephew of Hornblower's great nemesis and the future President (and l ...
Francesco I Sforza... dier of fortune Biordo Michelotti, Gian Galeazzo Visconti and his successor, dukes of Milan, Jacopo Piccinino and Federico II da Montefeltro, lord of ...
Henry II of Englanddied on July 6, 1189 following a defeat by his son Richard I (Lionheart) a ...
Henry VIII... s succeeded by the Scottish monarch James VI, who was the great-grandson of's older sister and hence Elizabeth's first cousin twice removed. James VI ...
James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose... ort time only to become a covenanter again and was present at the defeat ofin 1650. During the Civil War at the Battle of Carbisdale the Clan Ross an ...
Isabella of Austria... th in 1521. The son of Hans and Christina, King Christian II, with his wife, was also interred in the royal family chapel. In 1807 the former Francis ...
Charles of Lorraine... who had succeeded command of Allied forces in the region after the death of. Meanwhile Marshal Catinat led the French forces in Dauphiné against the ...
Margaret Thatcher... e continues to have many legions of loyal fans, including ex-Prime Minister. The Thick Of It is a similar BBC television series that has been called ...
William the ConquerorIn the Harrying of the North,'s brutal conquest and subjugation of the North of England, William's men ...
Gian Galeazzo Visconti... er under several despots, such as the soldier of fortune Biordo Michelotti,and his successor Francesco I Sforza, dukes of Milan, Jacopo Piccinino and ...
Augustus II... th most peasant farms. The reigns of two kings of the Saxon Wettin dynasty,and Augustus III, brought the Commonwealth further disintegration. The Gre ...
Mary I... atholic heir, and consequent persecution of the Protestant Church (as under), or foreign intervention by the Habsburgs or French, meant that the righ ...
Frederick I of Prussia... n Prince John William Friso of Nassau-Dietz of the Frisian Nassaus and King, who both claimed the title Prince of Orange. Both descended from Frederi ...
Sasami... the space pirate Ryoko, the Juraian princesses Ayeka and her little sister, the legendary scientist Washu, and Mihoshi and Kiyone, officers of the G ...
Rudolph II... ries of the Christian world during that period. In 1609, Holy Roman Emperorwho made Prague again the capital of the Empire at the time, himself a Rom ...
William the ConquerorWhen, in 1069, Malcolm Canmore andheld a conference respecting the claims of Edgar Atheling to the English C ...
Collis Potter Huntington... strial scale production centered around Richmond. In 1886, railroad magnatefounded Newport News Shipbuilding, which was responsible for building six ...
James I... Buchan and Ross, at that battle, the Earldom of Ross reverted to the crown.on his return from his long captivity in England, restored it to the heire ...
Thomas BrowneThe English physician Sir(1605–82) was one of the earliest scientists to adhere to the scientific e ...
Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.... ly refers to the family descending from the marriage of the Irish-Americansand Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald that was prominent in American politics and ...
Sidney Godolphin... hrone after William's death in 1702, the Duke of Marlborough, together with, the first Earl of Godolphin, rose to head the government, partly as a re ...
John II Casimir VasaFollowing the abdication of Kingand the end of The Deluge, the Polish nobility elected Michael to the Poli ...
Margaret Thatcher... oss-border co-operation were discussed with the new British Prime Minister,. These discussions led Síle de Valera, a backbench TD, to directly challe ...
Elector of Bavaria... (although the Dauphin held honorific command). De Lorge was opposed by the, who had succeeded command of Allied forces in the region after the death ...
Ferdinand... g Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia in the Battle of Mohács in 1526, Archdukeof Austria became King of Bohemia and the country became a constituent sta ...
Robert Cecil... the palace much and so gave it to Elizabeth's (and his own) chief minister, First Earl of Salisbury, in exchange for Theobalds which was the Cecils' ...
Gartzia Semeno... eaux. Failure to suppress the rebellion started a widespread revolt, led by(who according to late traditions was a near-kinsman of Eneko Aritza, was ...
Christina of Saxony... ng Hans of Denmark (d. 1513) was buried in the cathedral in 1513. His wife,, who lived the latter part of her life in a nunnery in Odense, commission ...
Louis XIV of France... e one of the most powerful sovereigns in Europe, and the only one to defeat. Many members of the House of Orange were devoted admirers of the King-St ...
James IElizabeth's successordid not like the palace much and so gave it to Elizabeth's (and his own) c ...
Earl of Bothwell... ssination in 1567, Mary contracted an even more unpopular marriage with the, who was widely suspected of Darnley's murder. The nobility rebelled agai ...
Cesare Borgia... short period of time. Two of these periods were in the feudal era. In 1503,occupied the republic until his death several months later. On October 17, ...
John A. Macdonald... ice, began negotiations with the United States. In 1873, Prime Minister Sir, anxious to thwart American expansionism and facing the distraction of th ...
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor... hed success, and was rewarded by a series of academic appointments. In 1552, appointed him professor of scriptural interpretation in the university. ...
Mozart... the masters of the Neapolitan school and the orchestral works of Haydn and. It was the custom at the Conservatory to introduce a promising student t ...
James Hay, 2nd Earl of Carlisle... n on the death of Charles, but he did not break with his Roundhead patrons.made him his chaplain, and presented him in 1648 or 1649 to the curacy of ...
Louis VIIThis hamlet was endowed with a royal hunting lodge and a chapel byin the middle of the twelfth century. A century later, Louis IX, also call ...
Charles IV... he Bohemian throne with the crowning of John I of Bohemia in 1310. His son,became King of Bohemia in 1346. He founded Charles University in Prague, c ...
Anthony Zinni... pt is probably the strongest aspect of their strategic partnership. General, the former Commandant of the US Central Command (CENTCOM), once said, "E ...
Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.... into a museum in 1929. The American Room was opened by the U.S. Ambassador,, in 1938. The cells in which the pilgrims are said to have been held at t ...
John D. Rockefeller... about the business practices of the Standard Oil Company and its president,, which sparked legislative action in Congress concerning monopolies
Marshal de Lorge... d forestalling King James' attempt to regain his throne). In other theatrescommanded French forces in the Rhineland, (although the Dauphin held honor ...
second Duchess of Marlborough... equent disagreements with many important people, including her daughter the; the architect of Blenheim Palace, John Vanbrugh; prime minister Robert W ...
Robert PeelDuring 1841 Sirbecame Conservative Prime Minister and Richard Cobden, a major proponent o ...
Ottokar II... e. The title of king became hereditary under Ottokar I (1198). His grandson(king from 1253–1278) conquered a short-lived empire which contained moder ...
William the Conqueror... the castle built in 1080, by Robert II, Duke of Normandy, the eldest son of. The city grew as an important centre for the wool trade and it later bec ...
Colin Hannah... joyed beer and prawns, Bjelke-Petersen advised the Queensland Governor, Sir, to issue writs for only the usual five vacancies, since Gair's seat was ...
James IV... thumberland, in northern England, between an invading Scots army under Kingand an English army commanded by Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey. It ended i ...
Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor... żanka) a Habsburg, born 1653 at Regensburg died 1697 at Vienna, daughter of, by his third wife Eleonora Gonzaga
Prince of Orange... the Duchess of Richmond's ball in Brussels, he received a dispatch from theand was shocked by the speed of Napoleon's advance. He hastily ordered his ...
King James'... region to Prince Waldeck (William was himself busy in Ireland forestallingattempt to regain his throne). In other theatres Marshal de Lorge commande ...
Louis IX... chapel by Louis VII in the middle of the twelfth century. A century later,, also called Saint Louis, who held Fontainebleau in high esteem and refer ...
King George IIIThe Royal Proclamation of 1763 was issued October 7, 1763, byfollowing Great Britain's acquisition of French territory in North America ...
Napoleon IIIWhen Louis Napoleon () seized complete power in 1851, establishing an anti-parliamentary consti ...
Lord Darnley... endancy was established. Mary caused alarm by marrying her Catholic cousin,, in 1565. After Lord Darnley's assassination in 1567, Mary contracted an ...
Queen Mary... . After her two months of imprisonment in the Tower of London by her sister, Elizabeth returned to Hatfield. The Queen Elizabeth Oak on the grounds o ...
Emperor Frederick II... d after the Third Crusade allowed for Christian pilgrims to visit the site.regained the city and the church by treaty in the 13th century, while he h ...
Peter the Great... of Sciences, an honor previously granted to only two other heads of state:and Napoleon Bonaparte. Pedro II exchanged letters with scientists, philos ...
Federico II da Montefeltro... and his successor Francesco I Sforza, dukes of Milan, Jacopo Piccinino and, lord of Urbino. The city went into a deep decline through the plague of ...
Sigismund of Luxembourg... s passed despite the fact that Hus was granted formal protection by Emperorprior to the journey. Hus was invited to attend the council to defend hims ...
James II... n was closely guarded. Ultimately, in the conflict between William III, and, it was William, the foreign usurper, who became the popular defender of ...
Charles Edward Stuart... Home, Lord Kames. Another descendant was Clementina Walkinshaw, mistress of
current Prince of Wales... y dim character, with the voice and mannerisms of Charles I's namesake, the). However, due to a misunderstanding between Oliver Cromwell (guest-star ...
Grand Duchess Anastasia... was called upon to authoritatively rebut impostors' claims to be the living, who had been his first cousin. Until his own assassination in 1979, Moun ...
Berengaria of Navarre... l out over the issue of Richard's marriage, as Richard had decided to marry, breaking off his long-standing betrothal to Philip's half-sister Alys. P ...
Edgeworth David... Darwin in the Pacific. Drilling occurred in 1896, 1897 and 1911. Professorof the University of Sydney lead the expeditions in 1896 & 1897. Photograp ...
Edward Bromhead... s Institute, the Lincoln Mechanics' Institution, which was founded in 1833., who knew John Boole through the Institution, helped George Boole with ma ...
Andrew Carnegie... later the library moved to Medford's new city hall, in another four years,'s donation allowed a dedicated library to be built. Construction on the M ...
Lech Wałęsa... alked through Brandenburg Gate with Russia’s Mikhail Gorbachev and Poland'sas part of the 20-year celebration of tearing down the Berlin Wall
Edmund, the Duke of Edinburgh... ower. The series follows the exploits of Richard IV's unfavoured second son(who calls himself "The Black Adder") in his various attempts to increase ...
Queen Caroline... John Vanbrugh; prime minister Robert Walpole; King George II; and his wife,. The money she inherited from the Marlborough trust left her as one of th ...
William PulteneyIn 1787, through his wealthy patron, he became Surveyor of Public Works in Shropshire. Civil engineering was ...
Paul Hasluck... at stake; Whitlam agreed to Gair's request and had the Governor-General Sirappoint him Ambassador to Ireland. Word leaked of Gair's pending resignati ...
Mario Lemieux... rdiopulmonary resuscitation pioneer Peter Safar. Pittsburgh Penguins legendused to reside in Mt. Lebanon as well, though he now resides in Sewickley, ...
Franconia... ancia (which would evolve into the Holy Roman Empire). The town was part of, the heartland of East Francia. In the 1170s, the Counts of Nassau, Walra ...
Edward... urite of George, who liked a relatively simple life. They had six children:, Albert, Mary, Henry, George, and John
John Byron... hen this failed he fled the city, and Parliament retaliated by removing Sir, the Lieutenant of the Tower. The Trained Bands had switched sides, and n ...
Béla III of Hungary... f 2,000 men from the Hungarian prince Géza, the younger brother of the kingalso went with Barbarossa to the Holy Land
John Stuart... granted in 1770 and incorporated in 1795. Originally named Stuart after Sir, it was incorporated as Stewartstown after the Revolutionary War, followi ...
Antwerp... atham, failed to capture the objective, the naval base of French-controlled. For the most part of the years of the Fifth Coalition, British military ...
William of Orange... nown as the Immortal Seven invited James II's daughter Mary and her husbandto depose the king. William obliged, arriving in England on 5 November 168 ...
Franconia... e the fertile terraces of Lower Swabia, which continue north-eastwards into
King George II... architect of Blenheim Palace, John Vanbrugh; prime minister Robert Walpole;; and his wife, Queen Caroline. The money she inherited from the Marlboro ...
William the Lion, King of Scotland... as described as "very strong". It was besieged in 1172 and again in 1174 byand William was captured outside the walls during the Battle of Alnwick. E ...
Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany... note that the earliest incarnation of Chianti was as a white wine. In 1716issued an edict legislating that the three villages of the Lega del Chiant ...
Edward I... y, there is the outer ward which encompasses the castle and was built under. Although there were several phases of expansion after William the Conque ...
Napoleon... om of the Netherlands. An Imperial French army under the command of Emperorwas defeated by combined armies of the Seventh Coalition, an Anglo-Allied ...
William Houston... brigades. Brent Spencer commanded the 1st Division, Thomas Picton the 3rd,the 7th and Robert Craufurd the Light Division. Stapleton Cotton commanded ...
Frederick II... t of endless intrigues with the Austrian cabinet and the immediate cause of's League of Princes (Fürstenbund) of 1785, was to exchange Bavaria for th ...
Benito Mussolini... hist Michele Schirru was executed after a failed assassination plot against
Emperor Maximilian... e, the functions of the Fehmic courts were superseded. By the action of theand of other German princes they were, in the 16th century, once more rest ...
Louis XIV... rom great territorial nobles, some of whom were leaders of the Fronde. Whenbecame king in 1643, he was only a child, and though Richelieu had died th ...
Joseph Banks... inking the Pacific and southern Indian Ocean. Governor Hunter thus wrote toin August 1797 that it seemed certain a strait existed
Charles II of England... been made official by law. Virginia was given the title "Dominion" by Kingat the time of The Restoration, because it had remained loyal to the crown ...
Lord Brabourne... Admiral of the Fleet Lord Mountbatten of Burma, produced by his son-in-lawand Dominique Lapierre, and Larry Collins's Freedom at Midnight (of which ...
Louis XIV of France... East. The court of King Narai (1656–88) had strong links with that of King, whose ambassadors compared the city in size and wealth to Paris
Prince George, Duke of YorkAlbert Victor's brother,, now second in line to the throne, evidently became close to May during t ...
J. M. Barrie... ed (and often marketed as) a fantasy novel, but like Peter Pan and Wendy byand The Princess and the Goblin by George MacDonald, both of which influen ...
Richard IIThe idea of trying a king was a novel one; previous monarchs (Edward II,and Henry VI) had been overthrown and murdered by their successors, but ha ...
Conrad of Montferrat... in Jing Ke's failed assassination of King Qin Shi Huang (227 BC). In 1192,, the de facto King of Jerusalem, was assassinated by hashshashin
Prince Albert... . It was a commission on behalf of Queen Victoria in memory of her husband,
Maximilian I of Mexico... e had also pleaded for Benito Juárez to spare the recently captured emperorbut to no avail. His complete archives (published by Pauvert) show also th ...
John II Casimir... because of large scale internal conflicts (e.g. Lubomirski's Rokosz againstand rebellious confederations), corrupted legislative processes and manipu ...
Queen Mary... l of Empire was held at the building to mark the coronation of George V and
Charles I... they had moved to a position in the inner ward. Political tensions betweenand Parliament in the second quarter of the 17th century led to an attempt ...
Harold Macmillan... the Edinburgh Festival and included Cook impersonating the Prime Minister,. This was one of the first occasions satirical political mimicry had been ...
Earle Page... yons formed an exclusively UAP government supported by the Country Party of. In 1934, however, the UAP lost six seats, forcing Lyons to renew the tra ...
Stanley Baldwin... itain, and perhaps the world, who did not agree with British Prime Minister's 1932 declaration that "The bomber will always get through". He conceive ...
Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria... river, which moved east and reached Höchstädt on 19 September. Villars andmoved their army of 17,000 to intercept this force, ordering another Frenc ...
Henry VIIIOn 22 November 1539 the abbey was surrendered to's commissioners in the Dissolution of the monasteries. It was awarded to ...
James II... st. Richard Jennings came into contact with James, Duke of York (the future, brother of King Charles II) in 1663, during negotiations for the recover ...
the Prince of Wales... ved, Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale, the eldest son of. The choice of May as bride for the Duke owed much to Queen Victoria's fo ...
Cuthbert Collingwood... ishop of Westminster (1976–1999) was born in the city in 1923. Vice Admiral, 1st Baron Collingwood (1748–1810) born in Newcastle upon Tyne; admiral o ...
Earl of Plymouth... osts became unsustainable, and in 1911 bankruptcy was declared. In 1913 thepurchased it, to save it from developers. A public subscription quickly re ...
Eustace de Vesci... nd and William was captured outside the walls during the Battle of Alnwick., lord of Alnwick, was accused of plotting with Robert Fitzwalter against ...
Philip Game... instead of into Government bank accounts. The New South Wales Governor, Sir, intervened on the basis that Lang had acted illegally in breach of the s ...
Richard the Lionheart... t to the north, east, and west is the inner ward, built during the reign of(1189–1199). Finally, there is the outer ward which encompasses the castle ...
John Major... for appointing 20 special advisers (compared to eight under his predecessor) and for the fact that the total salary cost of special advisers across a ...
James II... d with a prebend had not Baker incurred his displeasure by refusing to read's Declaration of Indulgence. The bishop who himself was afterwards specia ...
Salvador Dalí... ecessor, El Cielo was a concept album. Initially intended to revolve around's Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bumblebee around a Pomegranate One Seco ...
Mary... roup of Protestants known as the Immortal Seven invited James II's daughterand her husband William of Orange to depose the king. William obliged, arr ...
Malcolm IV of ScotlandClan Ross is a Highland Scottish clan first named as such by Kingin 1160. The first of the chiefs was Fearchar, Earl of Ross from the O'Beo ...
Duke of Suffolk... liam Parr, 1st Baron Parr of Horton fought with the Duke of Norfolk and theagainst the rebellion. It is to most likely to Catherine's credit that Lor ...
Joachim Murat... the Kingdom of Naples and granted it to his brother and then (from 1808) to, along with marrying his sisters Elisa and Paolina off to the princes of ...
John... ord of Alnwick, was accused of plotting with Robert Fitzwalter against Kingin 1212. In response, John ordered the demolition of Alnwick Castle and Ba ...
Edward IIThe idea of trying a king was a novel one; previous monarchs (, Richard II and Henry VI) had been overthrown and murdered by their succe ...
Robert I, Count of Flanders... easily as valid as that of William of Normandy's. With the co-operation of, his father-in-law, Canute ordered an armada of 1,000 Danish ships and 60 ...
Conti... sk for Spanish aid, as proposed by their princely and noble adherents under, and having no prospect of military success without such aid, the noble p ...
Sir Edmund Hillary... rst accomplished in 1913 by Freda du Faur and guides Peter and Alex Graham.made his first ascent in January 1948. In February 1948 with Ruth Adams, H ...
Conrad of Montferrat... reduced by fever. Young Frederick had to ask the assistance of his kinsmanto lead him safely to Acre, by way of Tyre, where his father's bones were ...
Fearchar, Earl of Ross... as such by King Malcolm IV of Scotland in 1160. The first of the chiefs wasfrom the O'Beolain family, also known as 'Fearchar Mac-an-t-sagairt' (mean ...
Saer de Quincy... half that passed to his younger sister Margaret, and thereby to her husbandwho in 1207 was made Earl of Winchester. Napton was still part of the Hono ...
King Richard III... Middle Ages, the series is written as a secret history which contends thatwon the Battle of Bosworth Field, only to be mistaken for someone else and ...
John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham... der intense French pressure. It ended in disaster after the Army commander,, failed to capture the objective, the naval base of French-controlled Ant ...
George V... , the Festival of Empire was held at the building to mark the coronation ofand Queen Mary
William the Silent... n again in Western Europe. The reigns of King Przemysł II of Poland (1296),of the Netherlands (1584), and the French kings Henry III (1589) and Henry ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... Service officials have attempted to avoid the term. Franklin D. Roosevelt,and Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes each referred to the America ...
Magnus Forteman... is eyes and cut off his tongue for his earlier actions, only to be saved byand 700 Frisian nobles of his army. He was then formally deposed and sent ...
Henry VIII... established during the Dissolution of the Monasteries under the auspices of
Napoleon IWhen French emperorcompleted his conquest of Northern Italy and began to push his armies towa ...
Clement AttleeBritish Prime Ministercommented in the House of Commons
William III... f Indulgence. The bishop who himself was afterwards specially excepted from's Act of Indemnity
Frances... le). James's first impressions were favourable, and in 1664 Sarah’s sister,, was appointed maid of honour to the Duchess of York, Anne Hyde
Richard II... mes under Edward I and was expanded to its current size during the reign of(1377–1399)
Stanley Matthews... 4 to show their admiration for the former Blackpool and England player, Sir
Crown Princess of Sweden... of Cambridge), and wrote to her every week. During the First World War, thehelped pass letters from May to her aunt, who lived in enemy territory in ...
Ludovico Sforza... domain. Before meeting Cesare, Leonardo had worked at the Milanese court offor many years, until Charles VIII of France drove Sforza out of Italy. Af ...
Joh Bjelke-Petersen... t close the Rhodesian Information Centre in Sydney. The Queensland premier,refused to consider any adjustment in Queensland's border with Papua New G ...
Henry II of England... ristians across Europe. The cry went up for a new crusade to the Holy Land.and Philip II of France ended their war with each other, and both imposed ...
Princess AnneSarah became close to the youngin about 1675, and the friendship grew stronger as the two grew older. In ...
Prince Edmund... der character: cunning, shrewd and witty, in sharp contrast to the bumblingof the first series. To make the show more cost-effective, it was also sho ...
Robert Cecil... ld, Hertfordshire, England. The present Jacobean house was built in 1611 by, First Earl of Salisbury and Chief Minister to King James I and has been ...
Louis William, Margrave of Baden-BadenOn 5 September, the main force of the Imperial Army underhad taken the free city of Augsburg, threatening Bavaria from the west. Lo ...
Louis Alexandre Berthier... choice on February 5, 1797, when, with the arrival of a letter from Generaladdressed to the Regents, it was required to arrest and consign the Bishop ...
Philip II of France... The cry went up for a new crusade to the Holy Land. Henry II of England andended their war with each other, and both imposed a "Saladin tithe" on the ...
Henry I... rt de Beaumont, Count of Meulan held the principal manor of Napton. In 1107made de Beaumont Earl of Leicester and de Beaumont's manor at Napton becam ...
Tycho Brahe... his star catalogue, which would eventually triple the number of entries in's sky atlas. Unwilling to risk his reputation by releasing unverified dat ...
Sir Francis BaconThe Baconian method is the investigative method developed by. The method was put forward in Bacon's book Novum Organum (1620), or 'New ...
Charles II... into contact with James, Duke of York (the future James II, brother of King) in 1663, during negotiations for the recovery of an estate in Kent (Agne ...
Charles Theodore... ved with joy by the long-suppressed Liberals, and laid siege to Ingolstadt., who had done nothing to prevent wars or to resist the invasion, fled to ...
Franconia... nal courts of Westphalia which, in turn, were based on the county courts of. They received their jurisdiction from the Holy Roman Emperor, from whom ...
Henry VI... trying a king was a novel one; previous monarchs (Edward II, Richard II and) had been overthrown and murdered by their successors, but had never been ...
Maximilian IV... gain occupied the country, in preparation for renewing the war with France.Joseph (of Zweibrücken) the new elector succeeded to a difficult inheritan ...
Cardinal Richelieu... alk over literary subjects, and to read and mutually criticize their works.offered the society his protection, and in this way (1635) the Académie fr ...
Tennyson's... of two illustrations by Rossetti for Edward Moxon's illustrated edition ofPoems (1857
Field Marshal Montgomery... d of 19 August 1942 (which certain elements of the Allied military, notably, later claimed was ill-conceived from the start. However at a meeting in ...
Josiah Child... culated the Elizabethan System, which in turn was then developed further by. Numerous French authors helped cement French policy around mercantilism ...
Henry Bolte... to White Australia and the death penalty. The Liberal Premier of Victoria,, called The Age "that pinko rag," a view conservatives have maintained ev ...
Juan Domingo Perón... rk in fact existed, and in Argentina was largely run by Argentine President, a Nazi sympathiser who had been impressed by Mussolini's reign in Italy ...
Duke of Norfolk... liam Parr and uncle, William Parr, 1st Baron Parr of Horton fought with theand the Duke of Suffolk against the rebellion. It is to most likely to Cat ...
Lord Dorchester... s, and pockets of local resistance continued. Some rebel leaders approached, the British governor of Quebec for assistance, who was reported to promi ...
Robert Fitzwalter... of Alnwick. Eustace de Vesci, lord of Alnwick, was accused of plotting withagainst King John in 1212. In response, John ordered the demolition of Aln ...
Prince George of Denmark... treated the Danes and their monarch with great contempt. This book offended, the consort of Queen Anne; and the Danish Minister protested
William Parr... clemency'. Latimer was more than happy to comply. Both Catherine's brother,and uncle, William Parr, 1st Baron Parr of Horton fought with the Duke of ...
Charlotte of AlbretOn 10 May 1499, Cesare married(1480 – 11 March 1514). She was a sister of John III of Navarre. They were ...
Robert de BeaumontThe Domesday Book records that in 1086, Count of Meulan held the principal manor of Napton. In 1107 Henry I made ...
Irene of Athens... ditionally been seen as the defender of Rome, but the Eastern Roman Empresswas too weak to oppose Charlemagne. Charlemagne was to intervene in church ...
Margaret, Countess of Richmond and Derby... n (London, 1709—1710) and the preface to Bishop Fisher's Funeral Sermon for(1708)—both without his name. His manuscript collections on the history an ...
Fearchar, Earl of Ross... s army but was unable to crush the insurgents from Ross and Moray. However,, with a large body of men from his own clan and his allies, appeared on t ...
Duke of Wellington... ies of the Seventh Coalition, an Anglo-Allied army under the command of thecombined with a Prussian army under the command of Gebhard von Blücher. It ...
Henry III... asons. The precursor of the Liberties was laid out in the 13th century whenordered that a strip of land adjacent to the castle be kept clear. Despite ...
Barbara Palmer, Duchess of Cleveland... balls. Churchill, who had previously been a lover of Charles II’s mistress,, had little to offer financially, as his estates were deeply in debt. Sar ...
Roger BigodMill (100 herrings). 43 pigs.'or Bigot was a Norman Knight who came to England in the Norman Conquest
Maria Feodorovna... sia. However, the ultimate test for her is to convince the Dowager Empress,(Helen Hayes), of her authenticity
Prince of Wales... as the nearest stop to Althorp, it was the final stop on the journey by theand his two sons during the funeral of the Princess of Wales, and was seen ...
Princess of Wales... e journey by the Prince of Wales and his two sons during the funeral of the, and was seen on television screens across the world as they got off the ...
Charles VIII of France... o had worked at the Milanese court of Ludovico Sforza for many years, untildrove Sforza out of Italy. After Cesare, Leonardo was unsuccessful in find ...
DrahomíraBy his wife, a Hevellian princess, Vratislaus had at least two sons, Wenceslaus and B ...
Przemysł II... ical reasons—became more common again in Western Europe. The reigns of Kingof Poland (1296), William the Silent of the Netherlands (1584), and the Fr ...
Bettino Ricasoli... , Mammolo and Marzemino. It was not until the work of the Italian statesmanthat the modern "Chianti recipe" as a Sangiovese-based wine would take sha ...
James, Duke of York... timate children, and was due to be succeeded by his Roman Catholic brother,. A parliamentary effort to exclude James from the line of succession aros ...
Louis IX... during the 11th Century and became a favorite pastime of gamblers. In 1254,issued a decree prohibiting his court officials and subjects from playing. ...
Mary, Queen of Scots... about a century later the magistrates of the town obtained permission from, to use part of the convent and nunnery as a parish church. From around 1 ...
Benjamin Britten... red again until 1966 when Donald Mitchell unearthed it. The following year,conducted the first performance of it since Mahler's time at Aldeburgh. Th ...
Earle Page... plan. On this issue, deputy leader Robert Menzies and Country Party leaderwould have a public falling out
Alfred, Lord Tennyson... s Stevenson – John Suckling – Algernon Charles Swinburne – George Szirtes –– Dylan Thomas – Edward Thomas – R. S. Thomas – Francis Thompson – Anthony ...
John Churchill... the two grew older. In late 1675, when she was still only fifteen, she and, began courting after having danced together at parties and balls. Church ...
Billy SneddenFrom the start of the Whitlam government, the Opposition, led by(who replaced McMahon as Liberal leader in December 1972) sought to use co ...
Marguerite de Navarre... River"; and he named Upper New York Bay the Bay of Santa Margarita - after- the elder sister of the king
Count of MeulanThe Domesday Book records that in 1086 Robert de Beaumont,held the principal manor of Napton. In 1107 Henry I made de Beaumont Earl ...
Villars... chstädt in Bavaria, and resulted in a French-Bavarian victory under Marshalagainst the Austrians under General Limburg Styrum
Lancelot... y to create new stories and characters, being the first to mention the heroand his love affair with Queen Guinevere for example, the name might also ...
Michael Hicks Beach... e Middle Drift. Sir Bartle Frere described this matter in a despatch to Sir, who had replaced Carnarvon as Secretary of State for the Colonies
Henry IV... cousin, Lord Rhys. At the age of seven he was sent to the English court ofas page to the King's Steward. He went on to fight for the English at Agin ...
King William I... f the powers gathered at the Congress of Vienna, William proclaimed himself. He was also made grand duke of Luxembourg, and the title 'Prince of Oran ...
Princess Augusta of Cambridge... was also close to her aunt, the Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (née), and wrote to her every week. During the First World War, the Crown Prin ...
King Christian XHe was the son ofof Denmark and Queen Alexandrine, born Duchess of Mecklenburg, and the fou ...
Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive... igin of the city's name is unknown, it is believed to have been named after
Winston Churchill... ommittee report titled German Strategy and Capacity to Resist, prepared for's eyes only, predicted that Germany might collapse as early as mid-April ...
Denis Healey... us. Sir Michael founded the institute together with the British Labour M.P.and journalist Alastair Buchan
Cecily Bonville... d William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings. Grey's wife was the wealthy heiress, who also happened to be the stepdaughter of Hastings. Jane was instrumen ...
Princess Märtha of SwedenOn 21 March 1929 in Oslo, he married his first cousinwith whom he had one son, Harald, and two daughters, Ragnhild and Astrid. ...
JogailaBeginning with the Lithuanian Grand Duke(Władysław II Jagiełło), the Jagiellon dynasty (1386–1572) formed the Poli ...
Eleanor of Aquitaine... 5th century, Bordeaux regained importance following the marriage of Duchesswith the French-speaking Count Henri Plantagenet, born in Le Mans, who bec ...
AlexandrineHe was the son of King Christian X of Denmark and Queen, born Duchess of Mecklenburg, and the fourth Danish monarch of the House ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... Commission. He was appointed chairman of a similar commission by Presidentin 1953. Both found numerous inefficiencies and ways to reduce waste. The ...
Leopold Wilhelm... assistance; a powerful Spanish army assembled in Artois under the archduke, governor-general of the Spanish Netherlands. But peasants of the country ...
Faramir... sed the herb athelas to treat victims of the Black Breath, including Frodo,, Éowyn, and Merry
The Marquess of QueensberryThe cast was:, the father of Wilde's intimate friend Lord Alfred Douglas (who was on ho ...
Roland... randal or Durendal most often refers the legendary sword of the French hero
Grand Duke of Luxembourg... commissioned for the painting, who has had such notable sitters as HRH theand Spike Milligan
Busby Babes... n 1956, losing 4–3 on aggregate to the Manchester United team of the famous. He made his debut for the first team at home in November 1958 against Co ...
Charles VIII... war with the League of the Public Weal. The matter became more urgent after's invasion of Italy (known as the First Peninsular War)
Richard, Duke of Gloucester... out the alliance between Hastings and the Woodvilles which was formed while, was Protector, before he took the throne as King Richard III. She was ac ...
Pinklao... on during the reign of King Mongkut, Rama IV. It was his brother, Vice-king, who, after watching demonstration of Western dining etiquette by America ...
E. H. Harriman... ying a six-man team that has been specially outfitted by Union Pacific headto hunt Butch and Sundance. The robbers flee in multiple directions, but t ...
George Carteret... help given to him during his exile in Jersey in the 1640s, Charles II gave, bailiff and governor, a large grant of land in the American colonies in ...
Adolphe Thiers... istricts. One of the chief "cannon parks" was on the heights of Montmartre.was elected "Executive Power" of the new government to postpone the issue ...
Winston Churchill... emed destined to reach. This sense of opportunities missed was summed up byin his book Great Contemporaries (1937)
Arthur Conan Doyle... n 1880 at the recommendation of his Edinburgh physician Dr. George Balfour.wrote an article about skiing in Davos in 1899. A sanatorium in Davos is a ...
German Emperor Wilhelm II... Margaret of Prussia, daughter of German Emperor Frederick III and sister of. Nicholas flatly declared that he would rather become a monk than marry t ...
William II... ded to abdicate in 1840. Royal power was curbed during the reign of his sonin a constitution ordered by the King to prevent the Revolution of 1848 fr ...
George II... ow in England. Set in , the house was completed in 1729 during the reign ofand designed by Lord Burlington. William Kent (1685–1748), who took a lead ...
Peter II... gainst the Almohads. Castilians under Alfonso, Aragonese and Catalans under, Navarrese under Sancho VII, and Franks under the archbishop Arnold of Na ...
Grand Duke of Luxembourg... law being applicable to Luxembourg but not to the Netherlands. The presentis Henri
Bedwyr... pears in one of the Welsh Triads. Arthur's main protagonist in the fight is, later known as Sir Bedivere, and an earlier reference in the poem indica ...
Frederick II of Hohenstaufen... ilt by Roger II of Sicily around 1131. Destroyed in 1156, it was rebuilt by. The castle now serves as a gallery for a variety of temporary exhibition ...
Louis VIII of France... ring Albi). After the citizens refused to open the gates of Avignon to Kingand the papal Legate, a three month siege ensued starting on 10 June 1226, ...
Mayor of Castile... carried on the tradition. He was a younger son of Sancho III of Navarre and, and by his father's will recognised the supremacy of his eldest brother, ...
Moses Montefiore... e of the straw bonnet trade. Moses Chaim Montefiore, the grandfather of Sir, also came to the country at much the same time for precisely the same re ...
Louis XVIII... ater lost this status under Napoleon I, and the song was banned outright byand Napoleon III, only being re-instated briefly after the July Revolution ...
William IIIWilliam II died in 1849. He was succeeded by his son, King, a rather conservative, even a reactionary man. William III was sharply o ...
Lord Burlington... e house was completed in 1729 during the reign of George II and designed by. William Kent (1685–1748), who took a leading role in designing the garde ...
Tycho Brahe... , and included by Ptolemy in his 48 asterisms. Ptolemy catalogued 17 stars,10, and Johannes Hevelius 20
Crown Prince Frederick... was Prince Christian of Denmark (later King Christian X), the eldest son ofand Princess Louise of Sweden (later King Frederick VIII and Queen Louise) ...
John Maynard KeynesIn 1921 the economistpublished a book on probability theory, A Treatise of Probability. Keynes ...
Montagu family... sion, Montagu House, as a location for the museum, which it bought from thefor £20,000. The Trustees rejected Buckingham House, on the site now occup ...
Anne Boleyn... e for Thomas Kiddell and as a justice of the peace. His father, Sir Thomas,'s chamberlain, also secured a joint patent in survivorship with his son f ...
Winston Churchill... he gold standard and in 1925 they were able to convince the then Chancellorto re-establish it, which had a depressing effect on British industry. Key ...
Henry VII... bourgeois respectability. Lynom lost his position as King's Solicitor whendefeated Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth in August 1485, but he was ...
Richard... vember. Only in the summer of 882, Vienne was taken after being besieged by, Count of Autun
Juliana... complete extinction until 1909, when Wilhemina gave birth to her daughter,. The Dutch royal house remained quite small until the latter 1930s and th ...
Laurence Olivier... se War is on and Tsar Nicholas (Michael Jayston) is warned by Count Witte () and Grand Duke Nicholas (Harry Andrews) that the war is futile and costi ...
Alexander I... e Diet of Porvoo in 1809 was a landmark in the History of Finland. The Tsarconfirmed the new Finnish constitution (which was essentially the Swedish ...
King Christian IX... lace in Kongens Lyngby on Zealand during the reign of his great-grandfather. His father was Prince Christian of Denmark (later King Christian X), the ...
Stanisław PoniatowskiIn 1764 Catherine placed, her former lover, on the Polish throne. Although the idea of partitionin ...
Napoleon IIIThe war with Prussia, initiated byin July 1870, turned out disastrously for France, and by September Paris i ...
Henry II... er. In 1157, the abbey was given the manor of Glossop in Derbyshire by King. The hilltop Monks' Road and the Abbot's Chair in Glossop is a reminder o ...
Friedrich IVIn 1414 Oswald became a member of the entourage of, Duke of Austria and Count of Tyrol at the Council of Constance (1414–141 ...
Winston Churchill... temperatures and pressures. Two months later Cunard received a letter from, then First Lord of the Admiralty, ordering the ship to leave Clydeside a ...
Alfred, Lord Tennyson... govia as a fittingly opulent Camelot. The symbolism of Camelot so impressedthat he wrote up a prose sketch on the castle as one of his earliest attem ...
Emperor Charles V... after the birth in Flanders of Joanna and Philip's second child (the future), the succession to the Castilian and Aragonese crowns was thrown into tu ...
Edward, the Black Prince... ar withdraws at the last minute after learning his true identity is that of(who assumed another identity hoping he will get a rare chance to compete ...
VelázquezImage:Innocent-x-velazquez.jpg| Innocent X,, c 165
Prince Christian of Denmark... during the reign of his great-grandfather King Christian IX. His father was(later King Christian X), the eldest son of Crown Prince Frederick and Pri ...
Haakon VII of Norway... , Prince of Denmark. He was given the name Olav when his father became Kingin 1905
Richard... e Province of Leinster. In 1781 Arthur's father died and his eldest brotherinherited his father's earldom
Bertrand Russell... 's theories, produced early labour values theories. Some writers (includingand Karl Marx) think the labour theory of value can be traced back to him. ...
Sir Hans Sloane... al museum". Its foundations lie in the will of the physician and naturalist(1660–1753). During the course of his lifetime Sloane gathered an enviable ...
Edward III of England... ly associated with the status of knighthood. At the Battle of Crécy (1346),sent his son, Edward, the Black Prince, to lead the charge into battle and ...
The Marquess of Queensberry... g night marked the climax of Wilde's career but also heralded his downfall., father of Lord Alfred Douglas, an intimate friend of Wilde, planned to p ...
Queen Anne... nge extinct, and leaving Scotland, England and Ireland to his sister-in-law
Charles, duke of Lorraine... le de Montpensier, while the archduke took more fortresses in Flanders, and, with an army of plundering mercenaries, marched through Champagne to joi ...
P. D. James... s 1969 Modesty Blaise thriller, A Taste for Death, also the inspiration for' 1986 crime novel, A Taste for Death, the seventh in her Adam Dalgliesh s ...
Charles II... e of quo warranto was the action taken against the Corporation of London byin 1683. The King's Bench adjudged the charter and franchises of the city ...
Prince George of Denmark... her out when Anne suffered bereavement. After the death of Anne's husband,in 1708, Sarah arrived uninvited at Kensington Palace to find Anne with th ...
Lech Wałęsa... 1946 address built a legacy bringing to Westminster College world leaders:, Margaret Thatcher, Harry S Truman, Gerald R. Ford, Ronald W. Reagan, Geo ...
Ludwig I of Bavaria... mples of the latter include the Walhalla temple built by Leo von Klenze forbetween 1830–1847 near Regensburg, Germany, and the Tresco Abbey Gardens V ...
Laurence Olivier... ions and four wins), Jack Nicholson (twelve nominations and three wins) and(ten nominations and one win)
Crown Prince Naruhito... e kitchens, and this budget was further augmented during the two years whenof Japan studied there (1983–85)
King George II... ot wishing to see his collection broken up after death, he bequeathed it to, for the nation, for the princely sum of £20,000
Princess Irulan... mperor Paul remains in a political marriage with Shaddam's eldest daughter,, and has yet to beget another child with his true love Chani. His rule is ...
Edward IV of England... abeth "Jane" Shore (c.1445 – c.1527) was one of the many mistresses of King, the first of the three whom he described respectively as "the merriest, ...
Edward, the Black Prince... ghthood. At the Battle of Crécy (1346), Edward III of England sent his son,, to lead the charge into battle and when pressed to send reinforcements, ...
Frederick III... ties of the Franc (Flanders), nor Imperial support from Maximilian's fatherproving decisive. Both sides came to terms in the Peace of Senlis in 1493, ...
Montesquieu... ng (as she frankly admitted) the philosophers of Western Europe, especiallyand Cesare Beccaria
Wilhelm II... elves at the front of the movement, and on 7 November, demanded that Kaiserabdicate. When he refused, Prince Max of Baden simply announced that he ha ...
Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich... iblings and a very small number of the otherwise close-knit Romanov family:(husband of Nicholas's sister Xenia), Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovic ...
Andrew Lloyd Webber... iammetta (1878), one of Rossetti's last paintings, now in the collection of(model: Marie Spartali Stillman
Henry VII... as a military balance to the nearby castle of Warwick. With the victory ofat Bosworth, Kenilworth again received royal attention; Henry visited freq ...
Margaret Thatcher... built a legacy bringing to Westminster College world leaders: Lech Wałęsa,, Harry S Truman, Gerald R. Ford, Ronald W. Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Mikh ...
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon... cluded a review of alternative theories, such as those of Thomas Burnet and
Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr... port, they encountered another fleet of supply ships under the new Governorin the James River off Mulberry Island with reinforcements of men and supp ...
Felipe, Prince of Asturias... na to his first-born son, Alfonso. The title is currently carried by Prince, the first since the 16th century to do so
Dwight D. Eisenhower... een chosen as the headquarters for the Supreme Allied Commander, US General, during D-Day
Edward I of EnglandQuo warranto had its origins in an attempt by Kingto investigate and recover royal lands, rights, and franchises in England, ...
Alexandra of Denmark... e was the last surviving grandchild of Edward VII of the United Kingdom and
King Henry II... ly member of the family to Ireland was during 1171, as a Standard Bearer to. The surnames "Wesley" was adopted from a childless wealthy cousin, Garre ...
William, Prince of Orange... should the battle be lost. They were mostly composed of Dutch troops under's younger brother Prince Frederik of the Netherlands
Dorothea of Brandenburg... tine John was a son of King Rupert of Germany. In 1445, Christopher married(1430 – 25 November 1495), in Copenhagen
King Louis XIV of France... heir in William III's will. The principality was captured by the forces ofunder François Adhémar de Monteil, Count of Grignan, in the Franco-Dutch W ...
Knights of Columbus... olumbus Day celebrations because of its association with immigrants and the. They were afraid it was being used to expand Catholic influence. By far ...
Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset... She also became a courtesan to other noblemen, including Edward's stepson,, and William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings, his close friend and advisor
Churchill... if it reduced casualties elsewhere by greater amounts. It was thought thatwould reverse this decision later (he was then away at a conference); but ...
Richard III... England, founding the Tudor dynasty, when his supporters defeated those ofat Bosworth Field in 1485. While the Wars of the Roses effectively ended a ...
Richard Harris... g. The musical was adapted into a 1967 film of the same name, which starredas Arthur, and which featured the Castle of Coca, Segovia as a fittingly o ...
Xenia... nov family: Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich (husband of Nicholas's sister), Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich (the most artistic of the Imperia ...
Elizabeth... 's Men during the winter of 1612, in celebration of the wedding of Princessand Frederick V, Elector Palatine
Eric of Pomerania... r married Dorothea of Brandenburg (1430 – 25 November 1495), in Copenhagen.was deposed as king of Denmark and Sweden in 1439. As Eric's nephew, Chris ...
Niels BohrAfter spending 1928 and 1929 in England and Denmark, working briefly with, Hückel joined the faculty of the Technische Hochschule in Stuttgart. In ...
Robert Lauder of The Bass... erecta" at that time. On the 5 January 1542 we find John Lauder, son of Sir, Knt., as "the Cardinal's Secretary" representing Cardinal David Beaton a ...
William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings... lemen, including Edward's stepson, Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, and, his close friend and advisor
Casimir IV Jagiellon... tle of Žalgiris) (1410) and in 1466 the milestone Peace of Thorn under King; the treaty created the future Duchy of Prussia. In the south, Poland con ...
John Major... lack of responsiveness in the quality of public services. The government ofsought to tackle this with a Citizen's Charter programme. This sought to e ...
Leopold I of Belgium... Bedford in 1825, and The Fountain (Royal Palace, Brussels) commissioned byin 1826. The latter picture likely influenced J. M. W. Turner's major work ...
Henry VI... land on 22 August 1422. The Queen initially lived with her infant son, King, before moving to Wallingford Castle early in his reign and taking Tudor ...
Charles XIII... he Swedish throne because the Swedish royal family was dying out with King. Baron Carl Otto Mörner (22 May 1781 – 17 August 1868), who was a Swedish ...
Emperor Henry III... ed, in Juan de Mariana, who wrote that in 1055, at a synod in Florence, theurged Victor II to prohibit under severe penalties the use of the imperial ...
Louis VIII... his son, also named Raymond. In 1223, Philippe II died and was succeeded by. In 1224, Amaury de Montfort abandoned Carcassonne. The son of Raymond-Ro ...
Henry III of Castile... lian expedition led by Juan de Bethencourt conquered the Canary Islands for
ArthurChapter 56 discusses twelve battles fought and won by, here called dux bellorum (war leader) rather than king
Duke of NormandyElizabeth II's traditional title as Head of State is. "The Crown" is defined by the Law Officers of the Crown as the "Crown in ...
Lazare CarnotBut not all the credit for the innovations of this period go to Napoleon.played a large part in the reorganization of the French army from 1793 to ...
William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings... r the title of “The Rose of London”. She attracted many suitors, among them, friend and confidant of Edward IV. It is likely Hastings fell in love wi ...
Peter III of Aragon... e 11th century. The ancient countship later became a duchy (1351) when Kinggave the title of Duke to his first-born son, John. In 1414, King Ferdinan ...
Lazare Carnot... ctionary cites the first English-language usage in 1799 in a translation of's letter on the Coup of 18 Fructidor
Grand Duke George Mikhailovich... nstantinovich (the most artistic of the Imperial house) and his family, and, who was married to Nicholas's maternal first cousin, Maria of Greece). A ...
Haakon VII of Norway... nderburg-Glücksburg, Olav was born in the United Kingdom as the son of Kingand Queen Maud of Norway. At birth Olav was given the names Alexander Edwa ...
Caesar de Choiseul, comte du Plessis-Praslin... ainst the invaders; the royal army in Champagne was in the capable hands of, who counted 52 years of age and 36 of war experience; and the little for ...
Thomas Browne... anz Bardon). The synonymous Hermetical also occurs in the 17th century. Sirin his Religio Medici of 1643 wrote "Now besides these particular and divi ...
Infanta Joanna... rived from a council of Burgundian notables. On 20 October 1496, he married, daughter of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile, ...
Charles II of SpainIn 1701, following the death in late 1700 of King, war broke out over who should succeed him to the Spanish throne. Althoug ...
Edward, Earl of March... , Owen led the Lancastrian forces at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross against. They were defeated. Owen was subsequently executed, beheaded at Hereford ...
Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor... the first member of the house of Habsburg to be King of Castile. The son of, Philip inherited the greater part of the Duchy of Burgundy and the Burgu ...
William III... illiam died of smallpox on November 6, 1650, leaving only a posthumous son,(*November 14, 1650). Since there was no Prince of Orange upon the death o ...
Joseph FourierTaking his mathematical cues from the heat flow work of(and his own religious and geological convictions), Thomson believed that ...
Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich... e). Alexandra disliked in particular the family of Nicholas's senior uncle,, and his wife Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, who, during the war, openly ...
Sir Henry Vane the Elder... , and been most active in conducting it, the object of which was to prevent's elevation to the office of Secretary of State. This unfortunate quarrel ...
William III of Orange... ampton Court Maze; planted in the 1690s by George London and Henry Wise for. The maze covers a third of an acre and contains half a mile of paths. It ...
Henry IIIIn 1585 Pasquier was appointed byadvocate-general at the Paris cours des comptes, an important body having ...
Louis XIII of France... ld at that point become overwhelming in the empire triggered France, led byand Cardinal Richelieu, to enter the war on the Protestant side. (Louis's ...
Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig... cey, Roger Blake, Denis Lill, Warren Clarke and Geoffrey Palmer, who playedin "Goodbyeee", the final, fatal episode of Blackadder Goes Forth
Henry V of England... p with, and probable secret marriage to, Catherine of Valois, widow of King
Laurence Olivier... prominent supporting character in the 1937 film Fire Over England, starring, Vivien Leigh, and Flora Robson. Burghley (spelled Burleigh in the film) ...
Henry II... 16 against King John, it was Blanche's English ancestry as granddaughter tothat led to Louis being offered the throne of England as Louis I. However, ...
House of Glücksburg... xandrine, born Duchess of Mecklenburg, and the fourth Danish monarch of the
Stanley Baldwin... Prime Minister in May 1923, Curzon was passed over for the job in favour of, despite having written Bonar Law a lengthy letter earlier in the year co ...
Edward Hyde... o ask it to pass finance bills, since the Bishops' Wars had bankrupted him.recalled the subdued tone of his entrance to Parliament
Leopold II... the language of administration. The enlightened absolutism of Joseph II and, who introduced minor language concessions, showed promise for the Czech ...
Christian I... ied suddenly at Helsingborg in 1448. On 28 October 1449, Dorothea remarried. King Christopher was buried in Roskilde Cathedral. In 1654 his Wittelsba ...
King George VGuisborough has a King George's Field in memory of, and the town's football team Guisborough Town FC plays on the King Georg ...
Archduke FerdinandWorld War I begins with the assassination of. Germany declares war on Russia immediately after Nicholas has ordered th ...
Bertrand Russell's... ologians. Reverend Canon Brian Hebblethwaite, for example, preached against
Harald V... died in the evening of a myocardial infarction. An interview given by King, and hints in a biography by Jo Benkow, who was the president of the parl ...
Queen Margrethe IIHe was succeeded by his eldest daughter,. Queen Ingrid survived her husband by 28 years. She died on 7 November 20 ...
Earl of Uxbridge... y of his staff officers on Wellington, including his second-in-command, the. Uxbridge commanded the cavalry and had carte blanche from Wellington to ...
Ferdinand VII of Spain... for a short time as a party nickname in the civil wars during the reign of
Madame Royale... d to imitate the way the eldest daughter of the King of France was styled "". The style is granted by Royal Warrant
Charles IThe sole reasonassembled Parliament in 1640 was to ask it to pass finance bills, since th ...
Richard the Lionheart... alls and a moat. There were several phases of expansion, mainly under Kings, Henry III, and Edward I in the 12th and 13th centuries. The general layo ...
Earl of Suffolk... ch included a mutual defence pact, the extradition of rebels, including thewho as an exile was a guest of Philip in the Low Countries, and a trade ag ...
Victor, 5th duc de Broglie... roglie was born to a noble family in Dieppe, Seine-Maritime, younger son of. He became the 7th duc de Broglie upon the death without heir in 1960 of ...
Ramon Berenger... was carried off by the French in 1809. The cathedral contains the tombs ofand his wife
Pauline Julien... r to arrest people without warrant, and 497 people were arrested, including
Charles I... the higher proportion of Calvinists and other Reformed churches, as well as's refusal to take up the case of some Guernsey seamen who had been captur ...
Edward Elgar... n. Norrington caused controversy during the 2008 Proms season by conducting's Enigma Variations, and the Last Night of the Proms, in non-vibrato styl ...
Edward III... ng of the king's eldest daughter; and by a statute of the 25th year of King, sleeping with the king's eldest daughter before her marriage constitutes ...
Benito Mussolini... ollapsed owing to poverty, violence and social unrest. The Fascists, led by, took over and set up an authoritarian dictatorship. Italy joined the Axi ...
Nick Oliveri's... "Quick and to the Pointless" were recorded simultaneously in just one take.vocal performance was originally intended to be a scratch vocal, but the b ...
Queen Alexandra... Wales's Yorkshire Regiment), the British regiment named for his grandmother
Henry V of England... fe of Henry the Fifth (in the First Folio text). It tells the story of King, focusing on events immediately before and after the Battle of Agincourt ...
Peter III... rts during the reign of Catherine. Under her leadership, she completed whathad started; the church’s lands were appropriated, and the budget of both ...
Lyon PlayfairFor example, in 1854(later 1st Baron Playfair, GCB, PC, FRS (1 May 1818 – 29 May 1898), a Brit ...
Joseph II... ace German as the language of administration. The enlightened absolutism ofand Leopold II, who introduced minor language concessions, showed promise ...
Raymond Poincaré... reparations; he described the French Prime Minister (and former President)as a "horrid little man"
Benito MussoliniIn 1941, Alfa Romeo was confiscated by the fascist government ofas part of the Axis Powers' war effort. Enzo Ferrari's division was small ...
Hans Wiegel... 0. This cabinet fell after a few months. Meanwhile the charismatic young MPhad attracted considerable attention. He became the new leader of the VVD: ...
Henry IV of France... ardinal Richelieu, to enter the war on the Protestant side. (Louis's fatherhad once been a Huguenot leader.) In 1635 Ferdinand signed his last import ...
Nicholas I... Muskau; the Italian statesman Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807–1882); Russian Tsars(1796–1855) and Alexander I (1777–1825); the king of Persia; Queen Victori ...
Edward VI... o prominence under Henry VIII and became the leading political figure under. Dudley was a patron of John Shute, an early exponent of classical archit ...
Mary of Burgundy... of Burgundy and the Burgundian Netherlands (as Philip IV) from his mother,, and briefly succeeded to the Crown of Castile as the husband of Queen Jo ...
Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin... uise of Sweden (later King Frederick VIII and Queen Louise). His mother was, a daughter of Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin ...
Henry III... were several phases of expansion, mainly under Kings Richard the Lionheart,, and Edward I in the 12th and 13th centuries. The general layout establis ...
Maurice, 6th duc de Broglie... th duc de Broglie upon the death without heir in 1960 of his older brother,, also a physicist. He did not marry. When he died in Louveciennes, he was ...
Mary Stuart... predecessors from the Eighty Years War. In 1677, William married his cousin, the daughter of the future king James II of England. In 1688, William em ...
Stanisław Leszczyński... use of Habsburg and the Lorraine House of Vaudémont: The Duchy was given to, the former king of Poland and father-in-law to King Louis XV of France, ...
Boris... criticized the Empress. Quite accurately, she considered their sons Kyrill,and Andrei to be irredeemably immoral and in 1913 refused Boris's proposal ...
King George I... James II & VII, and Princess Sophia Dorothea (1687–1757), only daughter of, were eligible for this honour but did not receive it. At the time she be ...
Henry VIII... ntly and had a tennis court constructed at the castle for his use. His son,, decided that Kenilworth should be maintained as a royal castle. He aband ...
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor... he "false emperor" Dietrich Holzschuh, called Tile Kolup, who claimed to be(who actually had already died, in Italy in 1250) came to Wetzlar. When th ...
Henry... 1216, the barons changed their allegiance to John's son, the nine-year-old
Eric of Pomerania... merania-Stolp, and Catherine of Pomerania, sister of the Scandinavian king,. Count Palatine John was a son of King Rupert of Germany. In 1445, Christ ...
Victor-François, 8th duc de Broglie... When he died in Louveciennes, he was succeeded as duke by a distant cousin,
Cardinal Richelieu... verwhelming in the empire triggered France, led by Louis XIII of France and, to enter the war on the Protestant side. (Louis's father Henry IV of Fra ...
Guelders... not establish permanent control. In 1514/15 Groningen came to the Duchy of, and in 1536 to the Habsburg Netherlands. In 1594, Groningen was conquere ...
Clement Attlee... egion and in particular his perceived Labour sympathies at that time led toappointing him Viceroy of India after the war, charged with overseeing the ...
Lord Byron... et, among other notables, the sculptors John Gibson and Antonio Canova, and's friend, the adventurer Edward John Trelawny. Severn made a sketch of Tr ...
John Major... as Dame Norma Major, who gained her title six years before her husband Sirwas knighted). The husbands of Dames have no honorific, so Dame Norma's hu ...
James J. Hill... las Beachley, arrived later that year. With investments from railroad ownerand Helena businessman Charles Arthur Broadwater, houses, a store, and a f ...
Alexander I... an Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807–1882); Russian Tsars Nicholas I (1796–1855) and(1777–1825); the king of Persia; Queen Victoria (1819–1901) and Prince Alb ...
King Charles I... te. This unfortunate quarrel became the fruitful source of infinite evil toand to his government. Two parties were formed in the cabinet, and through ...
Sir Walter ScottThe legend was actually formalised byand was later instigated in a town festival called "The Cleikum Ceremonies ...
Catherine of Valois... dynasty – including his relationship with, and probable secret marriage to,, widow of King Henry V of England
Andrei... the Empress. Quite accurately, she considered their sons Kyrill, Boris andto be irredeemably immoral and in 1913 refused Boris's proposal for the ha ...
Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Earl of Hertford... s of Bertie County, Chowan County, and Northampton County. It was named for, later 1st Marquess of Hertford
Louis XV of France... Stanisław Leszczyński, the former king of Poland and father-in-law to King, who despite French support had lost out to a candidate backed by Russia ...
Sir Hans Sloane... ed in 1753, largely based on the collections of the physician and scientist. The museum first opened to the public on 15 January 1759 in Montagu Hous ...
William of Orange... lowing the Battle of the Boyne, Finglas was used as a camp for four days byen route to Dublin city. He is believed to have camped near the Labour Exc ...
Charles Lyell... evolutionary play is performed. Darwin studied evolution in the context of's geology, but our present understanding of Earth history includes some c ...
Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor... exerting a dominating influence on the surrounding Ommelanden. Around 1500,gave Groningen and Friesland to Albert, Duke of Saxony, who could however ...
Ivan III of RussiaIn 1493, the Danish and Norwegian king, Hans, formed an alliance withagainst Sten Sture. From 1495 to 1497, Sten successfully repelled a Russia ...
King James IIPrincess Louisa Maria (1692–1712), the last daughter of(d. 1701), born after he lost his crown in the Glorious Revolution, was gi ...
Niels Bohr... roposed the name nielsbohrium (Ns) in honor of the Danish nuclear physicist. The American team proposed that the new element should be named hahnium ...
Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII of the United Kingdom)... Oscar II of Sweden, his grandfather Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark, theand his uncle Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Charles II... handed over to England, as promised, so flying the St George's Cross untilsold it to the king of France in 1662
Raymond III of Tripoli... umphrey IV of Toron to Isabella of Jerusalem. The siege was raised by Count, and Raynald was quiet until 1186
German Empress Frederick... was unnecessary to attempt to secure the approval of the people. Her aunt,, wrote to Queen Victoria that "Alix is very Imperious and will always ins ...
Philip II... and he did not persecute his Protestant subjects on a large scale. His soninherited his antipathy for the Protestants but not his moderation. Under ...
Benito Mussolini... uivalent honorifics for knights, such as Cavaliere in Italy (e.g. Cavaliere), and Ritter in Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire (e.g. Georg Ritte ...
Louis VIII... arch 1188 – 26 November 1252), was a Queen consort of France as the wife of. She acted as regent twice during the reign of her son, Louis IX
John of Denmark... ion to his distant kinsman Sten Sture the Elder, going as far as supporting. Unwillingly he then switched sides and supported Sten Sture in overthrow ...
Leopold I... the Mutual Pact of Succession he had signed during the reign of his father,. Charles sought the other European powers' approval. They exacted harsh t ...
Ferdinand IIAfter Emperorbegan oppressing the rights of Protestants in Bohemia, the resulting Bohem ...
Ralph the StallerAfter the Norman Conquest,’s property was taken over by Count Alan a . It subsequently came to be at ...
Ragnhild... ncess Märtha of Sweden with whom he had one son, Harald, and two daughters,and Astrid. As exiles during World War II, Crown Princess Märtha and the R ...
Louis XIII of France... recusants, he promised to do exactly that in a secret marriage treaty with. Moreover, the price of marriage with the French princess was a promise o ...
Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark... holas II of Russia, George I of Greece, Oscar II of Sweden, his grandfather, the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII of the United Kingdom) and hi ...
George I... five original towers; Christopher Wren's Lion gate built for Queen Anne and; and the Tudor and 17th-century perimeter walls
Grand Duchess widow... barded and has never since been repaired, the other part is occupied by theof the late Grand Duke who was succeeded by his uncle having left only thr ...
Joshua HommeAll tracks byand Nick Oliveri, except where noted
Queen Anne... example of the five original towers; Christopher Wren's Lion gate built forand George I; and the Tudor and 17th-century perimeter walls
Malcolm IV of Scotland... tury, when it was recorded as "Inverlethane". It is said that a son of King(who was staying at Traquair House on a hunting trip), drowned accidentall ...
MauritsWilliam was succeeded by his second son, a Protestant who proved an excellent military commander. His abilities a ...
Michael HeseltineMeanwhilehad introduced a comprehensive system of corporate and business planning ( ...
Henry IV... d at Tours, working steadily at his great book, but he returned to Paris in's train in March 1594. He continued until 1604 at his work in the chambre ...
Viscount Mandeville... n Hampden, Denzil Holles, Sir Arthur Haselrig and William Strode along with(the future Earl of Manchester) who sat in the House of Lords, had encoura ...
Henry III... osopher David Hume, in his history of England, recounts how in the reign of(r.1216 - 1272) the English Navy destroyed an invading French fleet, by bl ...
Eleanor of EnglandWithhe had 11 children
Wartislaw VII... hn, Count Palatine of Neumarkt, and Catherine of Pomerania, the daughter of, Duke of Pomerania in Pomerania-Stolp, and Catherine of Pomerania, sister ...
Fourier... nsive formulation of classical mechanics and investigated light and optics.founded a new branch of mathematics — infinite, periodic series — studied ...
Prince Michael of Kent... named Golden Eagle Trans-Siberian Express was launched on 26 April 2007 by
Antwerp... Allied forces. This caused the remaining V-1s to be directed at the port ofand other targets in Belgium, with 2,448 V-1s being launched. The attacks ...
Harald... arried his first cousin Princess Märtha of Sweden with whom he had one son,, and two daughters, Ragnhild and Astrid. As exiles during World War II, C ...
Princess Louise of Sweden... mark (later King Christian X), the eldest son of Crown Prince Frederick and(later King Frederick VIII and Queen Louise). His mother was Alexandrine o ...
Queen Mary... egan the process of modernising Kenilworth. Before his execution in 1553 byfor attempting to place Lady Jane Grey on the throne, Dudley had built the ...
Stanisław PoniatowskiSir Charles Hanbury Williams, the British ambassador to Russia, offereda place in the embassy, in return for gaining Catherine as an ally. Poniat ...
Olga... to the tsar, Alexandra gave birth to the couple's first child: a girl named, who was born on 15 November 1895. Olga could not be the heir presumptive ...
Nicholas II of Russia... 1 biographical film which tells the story of the last Russian monarch, Tsar, and his wife, Tsarina Alexandra
King Arthur... nds heavy scrutiny for being the earliest source of any substance regarding, naming the twelve battles he fought (cf. Annales Cambriae which assigns ...
Prince Carl of Denmark... in Appleton House, Flitcham, Sandringham estate, Norfolk, United Kingdom toand Princess Maud of Wales, (daughter of King Edward VII of the United Kin ...
Henry... to Italy in 1605, and during 1611–12 arranged to sell Kenilworth Castle to, the Prince of Wales. Henry died before completing the full purchase, whi ...
Ferdinand... g year, leaving a pregnant Joanna behind in Madrid, where she gave birth to, later Holy Roman Emperor. Philip's life with Joanna was rendered extreme ...
Philip AugustusIn consequence of the Treaty of Le Goulet betweenand John of England, Blanche's sister Urraca was betrothed to Philip's son ...
Margaret Thatcher... from "Oggie" to "Ozzie," in honour of Peter Osgood, the soccer player. Whencame to power in Britain in 1979 a variation of the chant ("Maggie Maggie ...
Thomas Beecham... imì. It is the only recording of a Puccini opera by its original conductor., who worked closely with Puccini when preparing a 1920 production of La b ...
Robert Runcie... stant for Anglican Communion Affairs for the then Archbishop of Canterbury,, in the 1980s. As an envoy for the Church of England, he travelled to Leb ...
Prince Eugene of SavoyIn July 1708, the Duke of Marlborough, with his ally, won a great victory at the Battle of Oudenarde. On the way to the thanks ...
Bobby RobsonCruyff was briefly replaced by, who took charge of the club for a single season in 1996–97. The club sig ...
Diego Velázquez... fight the Moors and later membership became a precious honour. People likelonged for the royal favour that allowed to put on their clothes the red c ...
Margaret Thatchercame to office in 1979 believing in free markets as a better social system ...
Andrew CarnegieIn 1915gave the school a grant of $50,000 for a central academic building. The te ...
Paul I... uld not be the heir presumptive due to the Pauline Laws implemented by tsar: only a male could succeed to the Russian throne, although there had been ...
Ulrich von Liechtenstein... nts to joust, and joins the jousting circuit under the assumed name of "Sir" from Gelderland. Chaucer is then discovered to have a gambling problem, ...
Walter V of Brienne... Athens, under the rule of the French House of Brienne. In March 1310, Dukeand all his knights were defeated and slain by the Almogavars at the Battl ...
Eleanor of England... ncia, Spain, 1188, the third daughter of Alfonso VIII, king of Castile, and. Eleanor was a daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine
Thomas Coke, 1st Earl of Leicester... vided inspiration to other architects for numerous other buildings, such asat Holkham Hall, Norfolk Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond, at Goodwood ...
John Maynard Keynes... t his homosexuality with his Bloomsbury friends (he had a relationship with, who also was part of the Bloomsbury group), it was not widely publicised ...
Benito Mussolini... 35,000 men, with 80 battle tanks and 200 field artillery — was deployed, aswanted the victory to be credited to Italy. On 9 March 1937, the Italians ...
Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf... 1910–2000) at Storkyrkan in Stockholm on 24 May 1935. She was a daughter of(later King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden) and his first wife, Princess Margar ...
Bertrand Russell... ome of his most influential friends, including H. G. Wells, Arnold Bennett,and Sassoon. Sassoon (Patient B in Conflict and Dream), remained particula ...
Joachim Murat... o a major nightlife district. To the south is the Murat quarter (erected by), the modern heart of the city, which is laid out on a rectangular grid-p ...
Elizabeth Stuart... ian throne, and was known as the Winter King. Frederick's wife, the popularand subsequently Elizabeth of Bohemia, known as the Winter Queen or Queen ...
Tatiana... . Olga was well-loved by her young parents. Three more girls followed Olga:on 10 June 1897, Maria on 26 June 1899 and Anastasia on 18 June 1901. Thre ...
Ferdinand II of Aragon... m Almogavars became less numerous. In 1502, violating the 1492 peace treatyforced all Muslims in Castile and Aragon to convert to Catholicism or be e ...
Frederick V... g Bohemian Revolt led to outbreak of the Thirty Years' War in 1618. Electorof the Electorate of the Palatinate, a Protestant, was elected by the Bohe ...
Ambrose, Earl of Warwick... n debt. In accordance with his will, the castle passed first to his brother, and after the latter's death in 1590, to his illegitimate son, Sir Rober ...
Prince of Wales... ing back in Britain and on the King's sixtieth birthday, George was created. The family moved their London residence from St James's Palace to Marlbo ...
Adolphe-Basile Routhier... setting of a French Canadian patriotic poem composed by poet and judge Sir. The lyrics were originally in French and translated into English in 1906
Magdalen of Sweden... future Charles VIII. He was married to Ingeborg Tott, niece by marriage of, in 1467; she was a renaissance personality interested in theology and sc ...
Kyuss/Queens of the Stone Age EP... e Desert Sessions, and a re-recording of "Born To Hula", an early song from. The other Reading Festival tracks are concert takes on "Ode To Clarissa" ...
Louis IX... wife of Louis VIII. She acted as regent twice during the reign of her son,
Anne Boleyn... ion and had bitterly opposed the king's divorce, his subsequent marriage toand its religious ramifications. In 1536, within two weeks of the riot in ...
Sidney HerbertIn Rome in 1847, she met, a brilliant politician who had been Secretary at War (1845–1846), a posi ...
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart... ie Jahreszeiten, Der Sturm, Orfeo de Euridice and secular cantata choruses.uses trombones in connection with death or the supernatural. This includes ...
Laurence Olivier... yday of Henry Irving and the actor-managers more than fifty years earlier."said that Gielgud's performance in The School for Scandal was "the best li ...
Richard of Cornwall... y period of Ottoman rule. Richard the Lionheart retook the city soon after., brought from England to settle the dangerous feuding between Templars an ...
Queen Henrietta MariaThe title Princess Royal came into existence when(1609–1669), daughter of Henry IV, King of France, and wife of King Charle ...
Margaret Thatcher... ins". By the time the later series were made the Conservative government ofwas in power, and fewer political observations were made against governmen ...
C. P. Snow... however, demands for change again grew. There was a concern (illustrated in’s Strangers and Brothers series of novels) that technical and scientific ...
Caroline of Brunswick... uccessful mediation attempts between King George IV, and his estranged wife, who had sought her rights as queen. Nevertheless, Wilberforce still hope ...
Louis VIII of France... unt of Foix and Aragonese crown forces decided the military intervention offrom 1226 with the support of Pope Honorius III
Charles II... which related unfavourable anecdotes about the prospective king of England,. In July 1660, following the Restoration, a royalist tract called The Pic ...
Napoleon III... tatus under Napoleon I, and the song was banned outright by Louis XVIII and, only being re-instated briefly after the July Revolution of 1830. During ...
Pierre-Simon LaplaceIn 1796, mathematicianpromoted the same idea in the first and second editions of his book Exposi ...
King Charles XIII... he received the homage of the Riksdag of the Estates, and he was adopted byunder the name of "Charles John" (Karl Johan). Many honours were bestowed ...
Chris Goss... irectly after the tour. They also announced that they would be working with, who performed with Masters of Reality as a supporting act the same eveni ...
Winston Churchill... e and the exclusive Bangalore Club, which counts among its previous membersand the Maharaja of Mysore. The Hindustan Aeronautics Limited SC is based ...
Prince of Wales... est man in England" and, according to Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire, thesaid that he would go anywhere to hear Wilberforce sing. Wilberforce used ...
Henrietta Maria... brother, Charles. When Charles became king, he gave the castle to his wife,; he bestowed the stewardship on Robert Carey, earl of Monmouth, and gave ...
Alexei Nikolaevich... e more years passed before the Empress gave birth to the long-awaited heir:was born in Peterhof on 12 August 1904. To his parents' dismay, Alexei was ...
Cardinal Richelieu... attempting to overthrow Mazarin and reverse the policies of his predecessorwho had taken power for the crown from great territorial nobles, some of w ...
Lord Hill... de batterie drew up in the centre. These opened fire at 11:50, according to(commander of the Anglo-allied II Corps), while other sources put the time ...
Henry IV, King of France... yal came into existence when Queen Henrietta Maria (1609–1669), daughter of, and wife of King Charles I (1600–1649), wanted to imitate the way the el ...
King George VI... he "King of Italy and Emperor of Abyssinia," others to the "King of Italy.", as King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, add ...
Sigismund I the Old... e. The European Renaissance currents evoked in late Jagiellon Poland (kingsand Sigismund II Augustus) an immense cultural flowering. Poland's and Lit ...
Richard the Lionheart... quarter still existed in the town during the early period of Ottoman rule.retook the city soon after. Richard of Cornwall, brought from England to s ...
Wilhelm II... II, while the next two have a "W" for the respective kaisers, Wilhelm I and. The final version shows a swastika
Chris Goss... band has also just finished recording a four-track "Capsule" with producer. Capsule 1 is said to be the first of three or four and to be released so ...
Olav IV... was the first heir to the Norwegian throne to be brought up in Norway since, and his parents made sure he was given as Norwegian an upbringing as pos ...
Sir John Lubbock... ion relating to bank holidays was passed when Liberal politician and bankerintroduced the Bank Holidays Act 1871, which specified the days in the tab ...
Maria... her young parents. Three more girls followed Olga: Tatiana on 10 June 1897,on 26 June 1899 and Anastasia on 18 June 1901. Three more years passed bef ...
Victor Emmanuel III... iopia) and claimed his title, Emperor of Abyssinia, for the King of Italy (), not all states recognized this claim (see diplomatic recognition), and ...
Clement Attlee'sSt-Laurent was an early supporter of British Prime Ministerproposal to transform the British Commonwealth from a club of white domini ...
Charles August... tive to the Swedish throne had become acute since the previous crown princehad died of a stroke on 28 May 1810, just a few months after he had arrive ...
Tom Jones... e Olivier, John Mills, the Dad's Army cast, Glenda Jackson, Shirley Bassey,, Elton John, The Beatles and even former Prime Minister
Mary Tudor... y, author of several biographies including one on Henry VIII and another on, goes much further in his dual biography of More and Cardinal Wolsey, The ...
Henrietta Maria of France... t Parliament sanction the marriage between the Prince of Wales and Princess, whom Charles had met in Paris while en route to Spain. It was a good mat ...
Victoria of Baden... . In particular, he served as the personal physician of the Crown princess,, and he continued in these duties while she was Queen consort, up until t ...
Napoleon I... July 1795, making it France's first anthem. It later lost this status under, and the song was banned outright by Louis XVIII and Napoleon III, only b ...
Queen consort... princess, Victoria of Baden, and he continued in these duties while she was, up until the time of her death in 1930, although this does not mean that ...
Sebastian Coe... Vancouver Olympic Torch relay. He handed off the flame to the next runner,
Robert Carey... ave the castle to his wife, Henrietta Maria; he bestowed the stewardship on, earl of Monmouth, and gave it to Carey's sons, Henry and Thomas, after t ...
Lothair II... the county of Cambrai fell into Lothaire's kingdom. However on the death of, who had no heir, king Charles the Bald tried to gain control of his king ...
Gérard... hen too far away to reach Waterloo. Grouchy was advised by his subordinate,, to "march to the sound of the guns", but stuck to his orders and engaged ...
Ingrid of SwedenInstead, he married Princess(1910–2000) at Storkyrkan in Stockholm on 24 May 1935. She was a daughter ...
Randolph QuirkFurthermore,and Gabriele Stein thought about a Nuclear English, which, however, has ne ...
Christian I... g in 1471, he triumphed against Swedish and Danish forces in the support of. This victory elevated Sture to the position of a national savior. The sc ...
Adolphe... y, by a distant male cousin, Duke Adolf of Nassau who became HRH Grand Duke—an arrangement necessitated by Salic law being applicable to Luxembourg b ...
William the third... all Dutch monarchs have been buried in the same church. His great-grandson, King of England and Scotland and Stadtholder in the Netherlands, was bur ...
John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland... enclosure was a result of inflation, he was only ignored. It was not untilwas Protector that his finance minister William Cecil took action on debas ...
Duke of Cumberland... uding the Queen's Staircase, (1733) and the Cumberland Suite (1737) for the. Today, the Queen's Private Apartments are open to the public and include ...
Arthur... a similar story in another work. The speaker relates how he journeyed withand three boatloads of men into Annwfn, but only seven returned. Annwfn is ...
Maria Theresa... rth to a baby boy in 1716. Unfortunately, he died soon after. A year later,, his elder surviving child, was born. At her baptismal ceremony, contempo ...
Anne Boleyn... a Jacobean brick-built manor house, and was formerly the home of the young, later to become Henry VIII's second wife
Jean-Baptiste Bessières... mpress Dragoons was also present at the battle under the command of Marshal. The reinforcements that Bessières brought were almost symbolic, despite ...
Grand Duke Paul... s a Regent or as an usurper, tolerable only during the minority of her son,. In the 1770s, a group of nobles connected with Paul (Nikita Panin and ot ...
Henry VIII of EnglandThe future Kingmet Philip the Handsome on a visit Philip made to Henry's father's court i ...
Charles III of Spain... ssion, the bells have rung faithfully every evening, a promise made to Kingwhen he sent the original bells to the Mission in 1777. He asked that the ...
George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham... liament for the abuse of prices led to the scapegoating of Francis Bacon by, leading to Bacon's impeachment before the Lords, the first of its kind w ...
George Lauder of The Bass... 508). The boatmen who conveyed the King from Dunbar were paid 14 shillings.entertained King James VI of Scotland when he visited The Bass in 1581 and ...
Valéry Giscard d'EstaingIn 1975, French Presidentinvited the heads of government from West Germany, Italy, Japan, the Unite ...
Cardinal Mazarin... means sling, which Parisian mobs used to smash the windows of supporters of
Louis IX#(Poissy, 25 April 1214 – 25 August 1270, Tunis), King of France as success ...
Charles XIII... ernor of Rome when he was unexpectedly elected the heir-presumptive to Kingof Sweden, who was childless and old
King George VI... usiastic. It was St-Laurent who drafted the London Declaration, recognizingas Head of the Commonwealth as a means of allowing India to remain in the ...
Prince of Wales... rth. Thereafter Gower remained beyond the reach of Llewelyn's successors as; but its population suffered at the hands of Rhys ap Maredudd during his ...
Lord CarnarvonIn 1874, Secretary of State for the Colonies, who had successfully brought about ...
Robert Runcie... the British Council of Churches. In 1980, then Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr, appointed him Archbishop of Canterbury's Assistant for Anglican Communio ...
Robert Lauder of The Bass... 97 King James IV visited the Bass and stayed in the castle with a later Sir(d.bef Feb 1508). The boatmen who conveyed the King from Dunbar were paid ...
Isabelle#(14 April 1225 – 23 February 1269)
Francis Bacon... onopolists by Parliament for the abuse of prices led to the scapegoating ofby George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, leading to Bacon's impeachment ...
William Parr, 1st Baron Parr of Horton... ore than happy to comply. Both Catherine's brother, William Parr and uncle,fought with the Duke of Norfolk and the Duke of Suffolk against the rebell ...
UrienIn the Welsh Triads, Modron becomes impregnated byand gives birth to Owain and Morvydd
Henry... stewardship on Robert Carey, earl of Monmouth, and gave it to Carey's sons,and Thomas, after their father's death. Kenilworth remained a popular loca ...
Pelé... the FIFA 100, a list of the 125 greatest living soccer players selected byand commissioned by FIFA for that organization's 100th anniversary.Other a ...
Charles I's... ment was regarded as having been automatically dissolved from the moment ofexecution on 30 January 1649. This view was confirmed by a court ruling du ...
Constance of Antioch... joining the Second Crusade in 1147. In the east, he entered the service of, whose first husband had died in 1149. She married Raynald in secret in 1 ...
Otto I... he count, who ruled the city and county, and the bishop, ceased when in 948granted the bishop with temporal powers over the city. In 1007 emperor Hen ...
Grace Kelly... (played by Tippi Hedren) is a thief. In To Catch a Thief (1955), Francie () offers to help a man she believes is a burglar. In Rear Window, Lisa (Gr ...
Trencavel... the nobility of Toulouse led by Count Raymond VI of Toulouse and the familythat, as allies and vassals of the king of Aragon Peter II the Catholic, i ...
Queen Louise's... shed the military decoration of the Iron Cross, backdated to March 10, latebirthday. The Iron Cross was awarded to soldiers during the Wars of Libera ...
Sigismund II Augustus... nce currents evoked in late Jagiellon Poland (kings Sigismund I the Old and) an immense cultural flowering. Poland's and Lithuania's territorial expa ...
Princess Margaret of Connaught... nce Gustaf Adolf (later King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden) and his first wife,. They were related in several ways. In descent from Oscar I of Sweden and ...
Charles II... during the 17th and 18th centuries to redeem Shetland, without success, andratifying the pawning in the , explicitly exempting them from any "dissolu ...
Catherine of AragonUsing her late mother's relationship with Henry's first queen, Catherine took the opportunity to renew her friendship with Lady Mary. B ...
Caravaggio... mus Bosch, Bruegel and others). Some surviving artworks are "Cardsharps" by(the backgammon board is in the lower left) and "The Triumph of Death" by ...
Pierre-Simon Laplace... ght to escape were first considered in the 18th century by John Michell and. The first modern solution of general relativity that would characterize ...
Hjalmar Siilasvuo... rthern part of the country. Finnish forces, under the leadership of general, struck aggressively in August 1944 by making a landfall at Tornio. This ...
King Alfonso XIII of Spain... ousin of Alexandra, was also a carrier of the haemophilia gene. She marriedand two of her sons were haemophiliacs. As an incurable and life-threateni ...
Thomas Cochrane... talemate during the siege of Sevastopol. The proposal was backed by Admiralof the Royal Navy. It was considered by the Prime Minister, Lord Palmersto ...
Kevin Aviance... title as that year's theme: Being Out Rocks. Participating artists include, Janis Ian, k.d. lang, Cyndi Lauper, Sarah McLachlan, and Rufus Wainwrigh ...
Duke of Cambridge... donations. Sidney Herbert served as honorary secretary of the fund, and thewas chairman. Nightingale was considered a pioneer in the concept of medic ...
Catherine of ValoisOwen entered the service of Queenas keeper of the Queen's wardrobe, (essentially her major-domo) after the ...
William III... bourg remained in personal union with the Netherlands crown until 1890 when, King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg, died without leavi ...
Pierre-Simon Laplace... ntment of secretary to the Paris Observatory. He now became acquainted with, and through his influence was commissioned, with Jean-Baptiste Biot, to ...
Arthur Conan DoyleIn A Study in Scarlet, a novel by, the retribution of the Mormons is compared to that of the Vehmgericht
Humphry Davy... nded to believe was a unified and organic Nature. The English scientist Sir, a prominent Romantic thinker, said that understanding nature required “a ...
Antwerp... Victor Hugo found the town so beautiful he once said: "take Versailles, add, and you have Bordeaux". Baron Haussmann, a long-time prefect of Bordeaux ...
Queen Anne... oak reredos in Baroque style carved by Grinling Gibbons during the reign of. Opposite the altar, at first floor level, is the royal pew where the roy ...
King James II & VII... ater Queen Mary II of England and Scotland) (1662–1694), eldest daughter of, and Princess Sophia Dorothea (1687–1757), only daughter of King George I ...
Benito Mussolini... ture was partly excavated in 1810–1814 and 1874 and was fully exposed underin the 1930s
Duke of NormandyIn the islands, Elizabeth II's traditional title as head of state is
DisraeliThe British Prime Minister's Tory administration in London did not want a war with the Zulus. "The f ...
Heinrich II... athedral of Basel (known locally as the Münster) began under German Emperor
Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia... a daughter of Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and
Hans Sloane... The first written record in English of the use of the word 'avocado' was byin a 1696 index of Jamaican plants. The plant was introduced to Indonesia ...
Lord Palmerston... Thomas Cochrane of the Royal Navy. It was considered by the Prime Minister,, but the British Ordnance Department rejected the proposal as "as bad a m ...
Cesare Borgia... f the Renaissance Popes. He fathered seven children, including Lucrezia and, by at least two mistresses. Fourteen years after his death, the corrupti ...
Harold Wilson... the series makes many references to the policy of the Labour governments ofand James Callaghan, with comments like "My top lip went all stiff and dea ...
Catherine of Aragon... nd was now part of her household. It was in the household of King Henry and's daughter, Lady Mary, that Catherine Parr caught the attention of the Ki ...
King Arthur... ho was stolen away from her when he was three days old and later rescued by
Theobald IV of Champagne... Still, Blanche had to break up a league of the barons (1226), and helped byand the papal legate to France, Romano Bonaventura, she organized an army. ...
James I... after their father's death. Kenilworth remained a popular location for bothand Charles and accordingly was well maintained. The most famous royal vis ...
Mary II of England and ScotlandPrincess Mary (later Queen) (1662–1694), eldest daughter of King James II & VII, and Princess Sophia ...
Jean-Marie Roland de la Platière... n 20 October 1792 a letter was read before the National Convention in which, interior minister, proposed that the furnishings of the palace and those ...
Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany... once consigned to the castle of The Bass, Walter Stewart, the eldest son of, his cousin. The person who received the payments for the prisoner's supp ...
Andrew Carnegie... is home to two Carnegie Libraries funded by the donations of steel magnate. Both are considered historically and architecturally significant by the ...
Charles II... fused to follow the rules of the Church of England after the Restoration ofin 1660, and when Newton settled in Olney the village still supported two ...
Eleonora de' Medici... Mantua (Gonzaga) (1598–1655), the daughter of Duke Vincenzo I of Mantua and, at Innsbruck
Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand of Brunswick-Lunenburg... wn in Essex County, Vermont, United States. The town was named after Prince. The population was 107 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Berlin, NH– ...
Louis XIII... dua (where he attended Cesare Cremonini's lessons), and became physician to
Joanna of Castile... undy, and briefly succeeded to the Crown of Castile as the husband of Queen, who was also heiress-presumptive to the Crown of Aragon. He was the firs ...
Arthur Conan Doyle... cations for people from the conurbations to purchase weekend holiday homes.first conceived the idea for The Hound Of The Baskervilles whilst holidayi ...
Ferdinand III, Holy Roman EmperorHe died in 1637, leaving to his sonan empire still entangled in a war and whose fortunes seemed to be increas ...
Morgan le Fay... erived from the Gaulish goddess Matrona. She may have been the prototype offrom Arthurian legend. She was the mother of Mabon, who bears her name as ...
Christian IX of Denmark... 1899. The young prince had 21 godparents, among them his great-grandfather, Nicholas II of Russia, George I of Greece, Oscar II of Sweden, his grand ...
Henry VI... round the White Tower carrying her head under her arm. Other ghosts include, Lady Jane Grey, Margaret Pole, and the Princes in the Tower. In January ...
William I... dent kingdom and Luxembourg was handed over to the King of the Netherlands,. Luxembourg remained in personal union with the Netherlands crown until 1 ...
Nelson MandelaThis name was also given toprior to his arrest and long incarceration for his anti-apartheid activiti ...
Hainaut... county was between its more powerful neighbours the counts of Flanders, ofand the kings of France, especially during the Hundred Years' War
King Henry... hardt's novel, Stirb du Narr! ("Die you fool!"), about More's struggle with, portrays More as an idealist bound to fail in the power struggle with a ...
Ferdinand II of AragonThe marriage of Isabella I of Castile and(1469) unified Christian Spain; in 1492, the kingdom of Granada, the last ...
Sir Michael Hicks Beach... istration in London did not want a war with the Zulus. "The fact is," wrote, who would replace Carnarvon as Secretary of State for the Colonies, in N ...
Nicholas II of Russia... ad 21 godparents, among them his great-grandfather Christian IX of Denmark,, George I of Greece, Oscar II of Sweden, his grandfather Crown Prince Fre ...
Francis Drake... tled two years before. Somers had previous experience sailing with both Sirand Sir Walter Raleigh. The flotilla was broken up by a storm, and the fla ...
Edward IIIIn 1339, in the early stages of the war, the English kinglaid siege to the city but eventually had to withdraw. By the 14th century ...
George I of Greece... them his great-grandfather Christian IX of Denmark, Nicholas II of Russia,, Oscar II of Sweden, his grandfather Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark, t ...
Alexander I... ime of the Restoration period. He worked furiously to prevent Russia's Tsar(who aided the liberal forces in Germany, Italy and France) from gaining i ...
comte d’Artois... sieur Fayolle during his voyages in America. The collection was sold to theand was later confiscated by the state. Fayolle, who had been nominated to ...
King James IIIn 1323 the Catalan, under Peter, son of, disembarked near Iglesias, in Southern Sardinia. The Pisane intervened b ...
Margaret Pole... ying her head under her arm. Other ghosts include Henry VI, Lady Jane Grey,, and the Princes in the Tower. In January 1816, a sentry on guard outside ...
Henry VIII... The historian Jasper Ridley, author of several biographies including one onand another on Mary Tudor, goes much further in his dual biography of More ...
Mary, Queen of Scots... hite's most remarked-upon service for Cecil is his report on his visit with, in 1569, during the early years of her imprisonment by Queen Elizabeth. ...
Mary, Queen of Scotland and the Isles... bly Erasmus of Rotterdam, Conqueror of the Seas: The Story of Magellan, andand also posthumously published, Balzac). At one time his works were publi ...
Napoleon I... in the name of brotherhood the Vendôme Column, celebrating the victories of, and considered by the Commune to be a monument to Bonapartism and chauvi ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... alf of the 20th century saw election or succession of Republican presidents, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush and George ...
Isabelle, Countess of Angoulême... own's influence in Poitou, Blanche managed to keep the English Queen motherand her second husband Hugh X of Lusignan from supporting the English side ...
Datu... collapsing empires of Srivijaya, Majapahit and Brunei, led by the chieftainPuti and his tribes, settled in the island of Panay and its surrounding is ...
Felix V... ntury Council of Basel (1431–1449), including the 1439 election of antipope
Winston Churchill... on was 12,790 in the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Callaway County.made his famous "Sinews of Peace" (Iron Curtain) speech in Fulton at Westm ...
Lord Brooke... the battle, however, the royalist garrison was withdrawn on the approach ofand the castle was garrisoned by parliamentary forces. The new governor of ...
Theodore JudahThe original townsite was surveyed and laid out in 1859 byalong the proposed line of the California Central Railroad. The name "Linc ...
Richard Attenborough... works of fiction and documentary essay concerned with Elizabeth I's reign.depicted him in the film Elizabeth. He was a prominent supporting characte ...
Sir Humphry Davy... that would burn without causing an explosion. At the same time, Cornishman, the eminent scientist was also looking at the problem. Despite his lack ...
Pierre Mauclerc... and her second husband Hugh X of Lusignan from supporting the English side.did support the English and Brittany rebelled against the crown in 1230. B ...
Walter Raleigh... Somers had previous experience sailing with both Sir Francis Drake and Sir. The flotilla was broken up by a storm, and the flagship, the Sea Venture ...
King Charles I... rietta Maria (1609–1669), daughter of Henry IV, King of France, and wife of(1600–1649), wanted to imitate the way the eldest daughter of the King of ...
Oscar II of Sweden... dfather Christian IX of Denmark, Nicholas II of Russia, George I of Greece,, his grandfather Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark, the Prince of Wales ( ...
Louis XVIII... s of their lives they had lived under the ancien régime. Nevertheless, Kingwas worried that he would still suffer an intractable parliament. He was d ...
James Callaghan... any references to the policy of the Labour governments of Harold Wilson and, with comments like "My top lip went all stiff and dead, as if it had bee ...
William III... On being offered the dukedom of Gelderland by the States of that province,let the offer lapse as liable to raise too much opposition in the other pr ...
Keith MurdochIn October 1915, the journalistreported on the situation in Gallipoli at Fisher's request, and advised hi ...
Anne Jules de Noailles... 653, under Bernardin Gigault de Bellefonds in 1684, and twice in 1694 under. In May 1809, it was besieged by 35,000 French Napoleonic troops under Ve ...
Welf... Tostig's two sons took refuge in Norway, while his wife Judith married Dukeof Bavaria
ZenobiaThe Augustan History ("Tyrrani Triginta" 27, 30) claims thatqueen of Palmyra in the late 3rd century AD was descended from Cleopatra, ...
Leopold II of Belgium... ganized Congolese troops, known as the (FP), were created in 1888 when King, who held the Congo Free State as his private property, ordered his Secre ...
Sir Bedivere... ified by some people with the lake in which, according to Arthurian legend,threw Excalibur to The Lady of the Lake. Another legend relating to the po ...
Duke of Rothesay... Charles automatically gained several titles (including Duke of Cornwall and), and subsequently was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester in Nov ...
Saint-Simon... of Parma, had quit because the duke had wiped his buttocks in front of him:in his Mémoires relates that Alberoni gained Vendôme's favor when he was r ...
Louis XIV... t of Versailles was the centre of political power in France from 1682, whenmoved from Paris, until the royal family was forced to return to the capit ...
Thomas Graham Jackson... Henry Crossland (?), C. Hodgson Fowler (1856–60), Thomas Gardner (1856–61),(1858–61), John T. Micklethwaite (1862–69), Benjamin Mountfort (1841–46), ...
Francis North, 1st Earl of Guilford... is a town in Windham County, Vermont, United States. The town was named for. The population was 2,046 at the 2000 census
Charles II... th the earls of Monmouth acting as stewards once again, but after her deathgave the castle to Sir Edward Hyde, whom he created Baron Hyde of Hindon a ...
Mussolini... ri developed into the most important port city of the region. The legacy ofcan be seen in the imposing architecture along the seafront
Catherine of Aragon... cession Act, because the act disparaged papal power and Henry’s marriage to. In 1535, he was tried for treason, convicted on perjured testimony and b ...
Arthur de Gobineau... Michel Eugène Chevreul, Alexander Graham Bell, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow,, Frédéric Mistral, Alessandro Manzoni, Alexandre Herculano, Camilo Castel ...
Rurik... stly from the Primary Chronicle. According to the document, Igor was son of, the first king of Kievan Rus'
Charles VII of France... ritory. The Château Trompette (Trumpet Castle) and the Fort du Hâ, built by, were the symbols of the new domination, which however deprived the city ...
Arthurian... mary Pool is identified by some people with the lake in which, according tolegend, Sir Bedivere threw Excalibur to The Lady of the Lake. Another lege ...
Wilhelm II... ple, who accused her of collaboration with the Germans. The German Emperor,, was also Alexandra's first cousin. Ironically, one of the few things tha ...
Farquhar Buzzard... attention to his care. During his illness in 1928, one of his doctors, Sir, was asked who had saved the King's life. He replied, "The Queen". In 193 ...
Freiherr... second lowest rank within the nobility, standing above "Edler" and below "". For its historical association with warfare and the landed gentry in th ...
Earl of Cambridge... of Henry's fleet for France, and include a real-life incident in which theand two others plotted to assassinate Henry at Southampton. Henry's clever ...
Harold Godwinson... September 1066) was an Anglo-Saxon Earl of Northumbria and brother of King, the last crowned English King of England
Mary, Queen of Scots... ion picture special effect. While filming a reenactment of the beheading of, Clark instructed an actor to step up to the block in Mary's costume. As ...
Sir Robert Menzies... on in Canberra to form the Liberal Party of Australia, delegates, including, met for a second conference in Albury at Mate's Department Store between ...
Maurice of Nassau... generals, including two of the acknowledged "first captains of their age",and the Marshal de Turenne
Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester... urer under Edward, Mary and Elizabeth, died. His vacant post was offered to, who declined it and proposed Burghley, stating that the latter was the m ...
Duke of Cornwall... son of the sovereign Charles automatically gained several titles (includingand Duke of Rothesay), and subsequently was created Prince of Wales and Ea ...
Louis XIV... 1706, he accompanied the duke to Paris, where he was favourably received by
Matilda of Flanders... t Baldwin IV of Flanders, half-sister of Baldwin V of Flanders, and aunt of, who married William the Conqueror. The Domesday Book recorded twenty-six ...
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon... all hosted the Duke of York, later King George V, with the Duchess of York,(the Queen Mother) and a very young future Queen Elizabeth. Naseby Hall wa ...
André de Chauvigny... g with his niece the fiefs of Issoudun and Graçay, together with those that, lord of Châteauroux, held in Berry, of the English crown. The marriage w ...
Lord Byron... related that his ancestor of the same name had sat in the same garden with, discussing publication of Byron's works
Louis XIII... ailles was bought by Albert de Gondi, a naturalized Florentine, who invitedon several hunting trips in the forests surrounding Versailles. Pleased wi ...
Charles OudinotTime was at the essence and Masséna at once sent one of his aides-de-camp,, the son of Marshal Duke of Reggio, with orders to bring forward the Guar ...
Victor Amadeus... ty of The Hague, Charles swapped Sardinia, which went to the Duke of Savoy,, for Sicily, the largest island in the Mediterranean, which was more diff ...
Gráinne... a in the Fenian Cycle of Irish mythology. He is most famous as the lover of, the intended wife of Fianna leader Fionn mac Cumhaill in The Pursuit of ...
Earl of NorthumbriaTostig Godwinson (died 25 September 1066) was an Anglo-Saxonand brother of King Harold Godwinson, the last crowned English King of Eng ...
Isabella I of CastileThe marriage ofand Ferdinand II of Aragon (1469) unified Christian Spain; in 1492, the ki ...
Mabel Wisse Smit... ch Parliament. For example, this happened with Prince Friso when he married. This is written down explicitly in the part of the constitution of the N ...
Salvador Dalí... very of America by Christopher Columbus is the name of a painting by artist, begun in 1958 and finished in 1959. It is over 14 feet tall and over 9 f ...
the KingIn April 1772, a paper signed "near Dorchester," was addressed to(the newspapers taking notice of His Majesty's desire to see the price of ...
Arthur Harris... ed version of Churchill's memo by Bottomley, on 29 March, Air Chief Marshalwrote to the Air Ministry
Edward, the Black Prince... Paul Bettany as Geoffrey Chaucer, and James Purefoy as Sir Thomas Colville/
Duke of York... es personally adored and attempted to emulate. In 1605, Charles was created, which is customary in the case of the sovereign's second son. However, w ...
Clement Attlee... spite his popularity as a war hero Churchill suffered a landslide defeat towhose government's economic policy continued to be influenced by Keynes's ...
Isabella I of Castile... e married Infanta Joanna, daughter of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen, in Lier, Belgium
Henry II of England... iage (Burgos, before 17 September 1177) with Eleanor (Leonora), daughter ofand , brought him under the influence of the greatest governing intellect ...
King George II... pointed star of the Order of the Garter which Lord Burlington received fromin 1730. This star also represents the Sun at the longest day of the year, ...
Antwerp... other Eastern European Jewish origins; his great-grandfather emigrated frombefore 1914 Gaiman, Neil. , Neil Gaiman's Journal, 16 January 2009 and his ...
James Callaghan... sh from the Industrial North East and Northern Irish. Former Prime Minister's father was a Protestant from Northern Ireland. Similarly, some of the l ...
Ferdinand II of Aragon... n notables. On 20 October 1496, he married Infanta Joanna, daughter of Kingand Queen Isabella I of Castile, in Lier, Belgium
Artois... ed to do this with Spanish assistance; a powerful Spanish army assembled inunder the archduke Leopold Wilhelm, governor-general of the Spanish Nether ...
Prince of WalesCharles was not as valued as his physically stronger, elder brother, Henry,, whom Charles personally adored and attempted to emulate. In 1605, Charle ...
Sir Edward Hyde... g as stewards once again, but after her death Charles II gave the castle to, whom he created Baron Hyde of Hindon and Earl of Clarendon. The ruined c ...
Walter Scott... ssian cycle of poems published in 1762, inspiring both Goethe and the young. Both Chatterton and Macpherson's work involved elements of fraud, as the ...
Sir Richard Hill... s stigmatised in polite society. Evangelicals in the upper classes, such as, the Methodist MP for Shropshire, and Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntin ...
Winston Churchill... as Adam Smith represented the ideals of classical liberalism. After the warattempted to check the rise of Keynesian policy-making in the United Kingd ...
Morcar... orters, then declared Tostig outlawed for his unlawful actions and sent for, younger brother of Edwin, Earl of Mercia. The northern rebels marched so ...
Henry V of England... een's wardrobe, (essentially her major-domo) after the death of her husbandon 22 August 1422. The Queen initially lived with her infant son, King Hen ...
Isabella di Aragona, princess of Naples and widow of the Duke of Milan Gian Galeazzo Sforza, ...
Grand MasterIn 1525 during the Protestant Reformation, theof the Teutonic Knights, Albert, secularized the order's Prussian territor ...
duke of Parma... oseph, duc de Vendôme, commander of the French forces in Italy, to whom thehad sent him. That a low-ranking priest was used as envoy was due to the d ...
Kurfürsten... ar was due to the new Binger Kurverein (Alliance of Bingen) by the Empire'sagainst Sigmund, who could not afford to fight three wars at once: the pla ...
Queen Christina... y was sold by the parlement of Paris during the troubles of the Fronde, andinvited Naudé to Stockholm. He was not happy in Sweden, and on Mazarin's a ...
George PearceFisher passed this report on to Hughes and to Defence Minister, ultimately leading to the evacuation of the Australian troops in Decembe ...
James I of England... nglish colonies in Virginia, a more determined effort was initiated by King(James VI of Scotland), who granted a Royal Charter to the Virginia Compan ...
John Maynard Keynes... s is a school of economic thought with its origins in The General Theory of, although its subsequent development was influenced to a large degree by ...
Don Carlos... gression than Sardinia. The treaty also recognised Philip V of Spain's son,, as the heir to the Duchy of Parma and Grand Duchy of Tuscany; Charles ha ...
Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich... ra in charge as Regent in the capital Saint Petersburg. Her brother-in-law,recorded, "When the Emperor went to war of course his wife governed instea ...
Otto of Nordheim... , mother of and regent for the German king Henry IV, entrusted the duchy to
Lord Robert Baden-Powell... tradition on their own. Scouts do not necessarily encounter this tradition., the founder of Scouting and the Chief Scout of the World, would gather s ...
William the Conqueror... land. The White Tower, which gives the entire castle its name, was built byin 1078, and was a resented symbol of oppression, inflicted upon London by ...
Edwin... g outlawed for his unlawful actions and sent for Morcar, younger brother of, Earl of Mercia. The northern rebels marched south to press their case wi ...
Henry VIII of England... tatesman, and noted Renaissance humanist. He was an important councillor toand was from October 1529 to 16 May 1532. He is commemorated by the Church ...
Harold Wilson... anted to stage a coup against the then crisis-stricken Labour Government of, and King allegedly used the meeting to urge Mountbatten to become the le ...
Oscar I of Sweden... s Margaret of Connaught. They were related in several ways. In descent fromand Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden, they were double third cousins. In desce ...
Philip the Good... y of Flanders (today in Belgium) and was named after his great-grandfather,. In 1482, upon the death of his mother Mary of Burgundy, he succeeded to ...
Éamon de Valera... aly"; however, as King of Ireland, on the advice of the Irish government of, he addressed his letters of credence to the "King of Italy and Emperor o ...
Henry VII of EnglandHenry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, Owen Tudor's Welsh grandson, became King, founding the Tudor dynasty, when his supporters defeated those of Richar ...
Louis XIII... La Rochelle and Montauban. The brevets were entirely withdrawn in 1629, by, following the Siege of La Rochelle, in which Cardinal Richelieu blockade ...
Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford... ministration under King James I. His daughter Anne became the first wife ofin 1571; she served as a Maid of Honour to Queen Elizabeth before her marr ...
King George V... ily. Despite the fact he was a first cousin of both Nicholas and Alexandra,refused to allow them to evacuate to the United Kingdom, as he was alarmed ...
Crown Prince Willem-Alexander... he population. The first-born son of Beatrix and her husband, Prince Claus,, was born on April 27, 1967 - the first male heir to the Dutch throne in ...
Cardinal Mazarin... e Naudé his librarian, and on his death Naudé accepted a similar offer from. For the next ten years he devoted himself to bringing together from all ...
Montague Burton... - towards the end of its working life this clothing factory was acquired byof Leeds - and the Blackett Hutton steel works
Francis I of FranceIn 1536 kinginvaded the papal territory, in order to overthrow Emperor Charles V, who ...
Henry II of England... ntagenet, born in Le Mans, who became, within months of their wedding, King. The city flourished, primarily due to wine trade, and the cathedral of S ...
King Albert II of the Belgians... He was knighted in 1992, and in 2002 elevated to the noble rank of Count by
Queen Anne... om his injuries at Kensington Palace. He was succeeded by his sister-in-lawwho continued the decoration and completion of the state apartments. On Qu ...
Lothair IWhen Louis the Pious died in 840, his eldest son,, claimed overlordship over his brothers' kingdoms and supported the claim ...
Edward, the Black Prince... St. André was built. It was also the capital of an independent state under(1362–1372), but in the end, after the Battle of Castillon (1453) it was a ...
Paul I of Russia... opold, Grand Duke of Baden, they were double third cousins. In descent from, Frederick was a fourth cousin of Ingrid's mother
Duke of MarlboroughNamed "New Marlborough" for theuntil 1800, the town was a New Hampshire grant chartered on April 29, 1751 ...
Stanley Baldwin... king. After receiving advice from the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom,, as well as the Dominion governments, that he could not remain king and m ...
Sigismund... cle (by Ulrich von Richental). Oswald entered as diplomat in the service of, King of the Holy Roman Empire and of Hungary. His first diplomatic voyag ...
Mary, Queen of Scots... Dunfermline Palace, Fife on 19 November 1600. His paternal grandmother was. Charles was baptised on 2 December 1600 by the Bishop of Ross, in a cere ...
Henry II of England... so VIII, king of Castile, and Eleanor of England. Eleanor was a daughter ofand Eleanor of Aquitaine
Louis XIVThe later revocation of the Edict of Nantes in October 1685 by, the grandson of Henry IV, drove an exodus of Protestants, and increased ...
Brabant... territory of the Bishopric of Cambrai, roughly coinciding with the shire of, included the central part of the Low Countries. The bishopric had some l ...
Wilfrid Laurier... rter of the Liberal Party of Canada and was particularly enamoured with Sir. When Laurier led the Liberals to victory in the 1896 election, 14-year-o ...
Diego VelázquezThe painting contains numerous references to the works of, specifically The Surrender of Breda, a Spanish painter who had died 300 ...
Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden... t. They were related in several ways. In descent from Oscar I of Sweden and, they were double third cousins. In descent from Paul I of Russia, Freder ...
Nicholas Kaldor... elopment was influenced to a large degree by Michał Kalecki, Joan Robinson,and Paul Davidson. Keynes's biographer Lord Skidelsky writes that the Post ...
Queen Mary... tour of Canada by the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall (later King George V and)
Beatrix... al marriage policy quarrel occurred starting in 1966, when the future Queendecided to marry Claus von Amsberg, a German diplomat. The marriage of a m ...
Mary of Burgundy... s great-grandfather, Philip the Good. In 1482, upon the death of his mother, he succeeded to her Burgundian possessions under the guardianship of his ...
Lord ClarendonThe castle remained the property of the Clarendons until 1937, whenfound the maintenance of the castle too expensive and sold Kenilworth to t ...
Charles Edward Stuart... pher Layer (born 1683), who was a militant Jacobite and supporter of Prince, the 'Young Pretender'. He was tried for high treason and hanged at Tybur ...
Robert Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury... Salisbury, descended from his younger son Robert. One of the latter branch,(1830–1903), served three times as Prime Minister under Queen Victoria and ...
Philip V... n furthering the accession of the French candidate for the throne of Spain,. Two years later, Vendôme having died in the interval, Alberoni was appoi ...
Prince Friso... ithout the consent of the Dutch Parliament. For example, this happened withwhen he married Mabel Wisse Smit. This is written down explicitly in the p ...
Xenia Alexandrovna... le harm. From Tobolsk, Alexandra managed to send a letter to sister-in-law,, in the Crimea
Henry the FowlerIn 920 Conrad's successor as German king,of the Ottonian dynasty, recognized Arnulf as duke, confirming his right t ...
William Osler... become major figures in the emerging field of academic medicine, including, William Halsted, Howard Kelly, and William Welch. During this period Hop ...
Anne of DenmarkThe second son of James VI of Scotland and, Charles was born in Dunfermline Palace, Fife on 19 November 1600. His pa ...
Oudinot... ully defended the approaches to Berlin and was victorious in battle againstin August and against Ney in September at the Battles of Grossbeeren and D ...
Duchess of York... 0th century the hall hosted the Duke of York, later King George V, with the, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (the Queen Mother) and a very young future Queen El ...
George IIQueen Anne's successor was George I; he and his sonwere the last monarchs to reside at Hampton Court. Under George I six room ...
the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall... fray when a group of school children sang it for the 1901 tour of Canada by(later King George V and Queen Mary)
Sir Charles Middleton... ifteen years, he accepted the living of Teston, Kent in 1781, and there met, Lady Middleton, Thomas Clarkson, Hannah More and others, a group that la ...
Eleanor of Aquitaine... , and Eleanor of England. Eleanor was a daughter of Henry II of England and
Dwight D. Eisenhower... orces led by General Douglas MacArthur and helped by lower ranking officersand George S. Patton to stop a march. MacArthur, believing he was fighting ...
Cardinal RichelieuAt the desire ofhe began a controversy with the Benedictines, denying Jean Gerson's author ...
Neil Kinnock... ublished an election pamphlet, Move On Up, with a foreword by Labour leader
King George III... e, in 1801, the British Museum acquired more Egyptian sculpture and in 1802presented the Rosetta Stone – key to the deciphering of hieroglyphs. Gifts ...
Christoph Willibald Gluck... bligato line in the oratorio Die Schuldigkeit des ersten Gebots (K35, 1767)includes trombones in five of his operas: Iphigénie en Aulide (1774), Orfe ...
Charles Maitland, 3rd Earl of Lauderdale... is buried at North Berwick, where a United Free Church was named after him.held the Bass for James VII for a brief period after the Scottish parliame ...
Louis XIVIn October 1685,, the grandson of Henry IV, renounced the Edict and declared Protestantism ...
Eleanor of Aquitaine... che's sister Urraca was betrothed to Philip's son, Louis. Their grandmother, upon getting acquainted with the two sisters, judged that Blanche's pers ...
Nelson Mandela... obel Peace Prize winners – Albert Luthuli, Desmond Tutu, F. W. de Klerk and. Since 1994, the city has struggled with problems such as HIV/AIDS, tuber ...
Essex'sOn the basis of an apparent allusion tofailed mission to quell Tyrone's Rebellion, the play is thought to date fr ...
Joseph Cook... t voting 'No'. At the 1913 election, the Commonwealth Liberal Party, led by, defeated the Labor Party by one seat
Salomon... ègne, by which he agreed to yield the Cotentin Peninsula to the Breton king, on the condition that Salomon would take an oath of fidelity and fight a ...
Duke of York... he Fitzgeralds, Lords of the Manor. In the 20th century the hall hosted the, later King George V, with the Duchess of York, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (the ...
John of EnglandIn consequence of the Treaty of Le Goulet between Philip Augustus and, Blanche's sister Urraca was betrothed to Philip's son, Louis. Their gran ...
Friedrich IV... o Tyrol, where he joined the Elefantenbund, an alliance of noblemen against, who had been banned by King Sigismund for aiding the flight of Antipope ...
Louis XVDuring the reign of, Versailles underwent transformation, but not on the scale that had been ...
George II... ge I six rooms were completed in 1717 to the design of John Vanbrugh. Underand his Queen, Caroline, further refurbishment took place, with the archit ...
Bertrand Russell... uch as lecturing at Birkbeck College, University of London. The philosophertook an interest in Vivienne while the newlyweds stayed in his flat. Some ...
Charles Pierce... and was frequently imitated by female impersonators such as Tracey Lee and. Attempting to explain her popularity with gay audiences, the journalist ...
Louis IX of FranceSome people claim that Isabella formed a conspiracy against Kingin 1241, after being publicly snubbed by his mother, Blanche of Castile fo ...
Marquess of QueensberryLord Alfred's father, the, was known for his outspoken atheism, brutish manner and creation of the ...
El Cid... uspension of disbelief can we accept that in the space of twenty-four hourskills Chimène's father in a duel, overwhelms the Moorish invaders during t ...
Nick OliveriAll tracks by Joshua Homme and, except where noted
Imru Haile Selassie... h fleeing before an invading force. Haile Selassie appointed his cousin Rasas Prince Regent in his absence, departing with his family for Djibouti on ...
Blanche of Castile... ing Louis IX of France in 1241, after being publicly snubbed by his mother,for whom she had a deep-seated hatred. In 1244, after the plot had failed, ...
Margaret ThatcherIn 1989, U.S. Ambassador Charles Price and British Prime Ministerdedicated a bronze statue of Eisenhower in Grosvenor Square, London. The s ...
General Lake... uccessful attack at the fortress at Gawilghur, combined with the victory ofat Delhi forced the Maratha to a peace settlement (not concluded until a y ...
Eyskens, Gaston... - Eupen-Malmedy - European Movement Belgium - Eurostar - Evere - Evergem -
Josh HommeIn an interview with NME,revealed plans of a re-issue of Rated R which would feature B-side recordi ...
Antwerp... ensity of hits were received by Croydon, on the southeast fringe of London., Belgium was hit by 2,448 V-1s from October 1944 to March 1945
GodwinTostig was the third son of(d. 1053), Earl of Wessex and Kent, and Gytha, daughter of Thorgils Spraka ...
Francis Spellman... s father insisted the wedding not be put off. They were married by Cardinalon November 29, 1958, at St. Joseph's Church in Bronxville, New York. They ...
Sir Thomas Elder... avels in Central Australia, and on 13 March 1875, with the generous help of, he began his third expedition. Proceeding considerably to the north from ...
Walter Scott... ds, becoming famous in the Victorian period following the publishing of Sir's novel Kenilworth in 1826. English Heritage has managed the castle since ...
King George III... t. John's in Newfoundland. The colony's new name honoured the fourth son of, Prince Edward Augustus, the Duke of Kent (1767–1820), who subsequently l ...
AnnaDuring the reign of her cousin(1730–1740), Elizabeth was gathering support in the background; but after ...
Louis VII of France... y ceded it to their son, Henry, which cession was formally ratified by Kingthe following year
Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of SudeleySix months after Henry's death, she married her fourth and final husband,. The marriage proved to be short-lived as she died in September 1548, pro ...
King Henry VIII... into lawlessness, though the Vicar of Wymondham was appointed by the Abbot.'s Dissolution of the Monasteries brought about the closure of Wymondham A ...
Johann#, Viceroy of Valencia (9 January 1493, Plassenburg–5 July 1525, Valencia)
King George V... e attracted many famous people, among them Agatha Christie, Beatrix Potter,and Haile Selassie who was so impressed with his visit that he gave his gu ...
Frederick II... tricities and policies, including a great admiration for the Prussian king,, alienated the same groups that Catherine had cultivated. Besides, Peter ...
John Maynard Keynes... ted with other men who would greatly influence him like G. Lowes Dickinson,, Walter Lamb (brother of painter Henry Lamb), George Mallory, Bertrand Ru ...
King George III... ch included the profits of the Crown Estate (the royal property portfolio).agreed to surrender the hereditary revenues of the Crown in return for the ...
Frederick II, Elector of Saxony... he Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg by his second wife Anna, daughter of. His elder half-brother was the Elector Johann Cicero of Brandenburg. Fri ...
Mussolini... itic ethnic origin, and African civilization. As an innocuous example: when's regime named the streets of new quarters in Rome with the characters of ...
Henry I... he monastery was founded in 1107 by William d'Aubigny, Chief Butler to King. William was a prominent Norfolk landowner, with estates in Wymondham and ...
Duke of York... was a prominent naturalist. Richard Jennings came into contact with James,(the future James II, brother of King Charles II) in 1663, during negotiat ...
Ludwig IIMaximilian was succeeded on 10 March 1864 by his son, a youth of eighteen. The government was at first carried on by Schrenk a ...
Thomas Cromwell... gue of Comfort against Tribulation. While More was imprisoned in the Tower,made several visits, urging More to take the oath, which More continued to ...
Edward I of England... ieve Wallace must have had some earlier military experience; campaigns like's wars in Wales provided a good opportunity for a younger son of a landho ...
Nicholas I... seat of the newly-formed Armenian Oblast between 1828-1840. By the time of's visit in 1837, Yerevan had become an uyezd. In 1840, the Armenian Oblas ...
Joseph Bonaparte... nie Désirée Clary, the daughter of a Marseille silk merchant, and sister of's wife Julie Clary - Désirée had previously been engaged to Napoleon. Ber ...
William III... irst King of the Netherlands since the death of his great-great grandfatherin 1890
Napoleon... s the prefecture of the French département of Arno from 1808 to the fall ofin 1814. The Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty was restored on the throne of Tusca ...
Andrew Lloyd Webber's... er 2011, the Hall was used to broadcast the 25th anniversary performance ofPhantom of the Opera to cinemas across the UK - it was also the first time ...
Philippe II... penalties on him, and he soon reconciled with the Church. The French king,, decided to act against those nobles who permitted Catharism and undermin ...
Hugh X of Lusignan... by the king including his heir, later Henry III. In 1220, Isabella married, Count of La Marche, by whom she had another nine children
Henry VIII of England... nd tariffs on goods traded amongst them. Internal tariffs were abolished by, they survived in Russia till 1753, 1789 in France and 1839 in Spain
Kurt Waldheim... alition with the FPÖ under the leadership of Fred Sinowatz. In Spring 1986,was elected president amid considerable national and international protest ...
General George C. Marshall... lery Corps was not satisfied with the Army's 37mm Gun M1, in September 1940asked the British for the loan of four Bofors 40 mm guns with Kerrison Pre ...
Thomas Lunsford... to anarchy, when he placed the Tower of London under the command of Colonel, an infamous, albeit efficient, career officer. When rumours reached Char ...
Winston ChurchillMountbatten was a favourite of(although after 1948 Churchill never spoke to him again since he was famou ...
Michael Lindsay-HoggIn January 1969, the group got together with directorto film the rehearsals for the band's first live concert since 1966. The r ...
Nick OliveriAll tracks by Joshua Homme and, except where noted. Lead vocals by Homme, except where noted
Duchess of York... e, and in 1664 Sarah’s sister, Frances, was appointed maid of honour to the, Anne Hyde
Empress Consort... ttorp, succeeded to the throne as Peter III of Russia, and Catherine becameof Russia. The imperial couple moved into the new Winter Palace in Saint P ...
Umberto II... society. Following Victor Emmanuel III's abdication, his son, the new king, was pressured by the threat of another civil war to call a referendum to ...
Sir Thomas Audley... e was tried before a panel of judges that included the new Lord Chancellor,, as well as Anne Boleyn's father, brother, and uncle. He was charged with ...
Titian... andaio, Perugino, Michelangelo, Raphael, Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci, and. The same is true for architecture, as practiced by Brunelleschi, Leone A ...
Duke of Normandy... s the Count of Anjou, Touraine, and Maine by inheritance from 1129 and thenby conquest from 1144. By his marriage to the Empress Matilda, daughter an ...
Antwerp... ndisclosed De Beers technology developed in Maidenhead, United Kingdom, and, Belgium
Kellermann's... mperial Guard, some 4,800 sabres, were committed. When these were repulsed,heavy cavalry corps and Guyot's heavy cavalry of the Guard were added to t ...
Francis, Duke of Teck... emberg, she was born and brought up in the United Kingdom. Her parents were, who was of German extraction, and Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, a ...
Ernest RutherfordRadiometric dating has been carried out since 1905 when it was invented byas a method by which one might determine the age of the Earth. In the cent ...
John III Sobieski... eastern part, lost by the Commonwealth, becoming the Tsardom's dependency., fighting protracted wars with the Ottoman Empire, revived the Commonweal ...
Lothair II... —the eldest, Louis II, received Italy and the title of emperor; the second,, received Lotharingia; the youngest, Charles, received Provence
FëanorWhen the Elves came to Valinor, the Noldor became the students of Aulë.was his greatest pupil, and from him learned to make gems through craftsma ...
Bob Hope... s. A few famous entertainers have performed at the Canfield Fair, including, Dolly Parton, Rascal Flatts, The Beach Boys, The Monkees, "Weird Al" Yan ...
Jeffery, Lord Amherst... he institution was named after the town, which in turn had been named after, a veteran from the Seven Years' War and later commanding general of the ...
Harold Godwinson... orwegian king Harald III (Haraldr Harðráði), who was defeated by Saxon Kingin 1066 at the Battle of Stamford Bridge; in Ireland, the capture of Dubli ...
Pierre-Simon Laplace... mathematicians as Daniel Bernoulli, Leonhard Euler, Joseph-Louis Lagrange,, and Adrien-Marie Legendre. At the end of the century, the members of the ...
Edmund Hillary... he subject among prominent mountaineers are strictly negative. For example,, who went on record saying that he hasn't liked "the commercialization of ...
Nazgûl... ower of the Moon (Moontower), on the borders of Mordor, was captured by theand renamed Minas Morgul, Tower of Black Sorcery (Dead City, accursed towe ...
Prince IgorThe cathedral square in Putivlis about to set out on a campaign against the Polovtsy and their Khans who ...
Eugène de Beauharnais... axony and Bavaria. In addition, to the south, Murat's Kingdom of Naples and's Kingdom of Italy had a total of 100,000 armed men. In Spain, another 15 ...
Queen of EnglandIn 1533, More refused to attend the coronation of Anne Boleyn as the. Technically, this was not an act of treason, as More had written to Henr ...
Milhaud'sInitiallyreserve cavalry corps of cuirassiers and Lefebvre-Desnoëttes' light cavalr ...
Empress Matilda... 129 and then Duke of Normandy by conquest from 1144. By his marriage to the, daughter and heiress of Henry I of England, Geoffrey had a son, Henry Cu ...
Niklot... ted against the Polabian Slavs in 1147, as a part of the Northern Crusades., pagan chief of the Slavic Obodrites began his open resistance when Lotha ...
Major-General Baird... opened in the main walls of the fortress of Seringapatam. An attack led bysecured the fortress. Wellesley secured the rear of the advance, posting g ...
John Beresford... British naval vessels led by HMS Poictiers under the command of Captain Sirbriefly and ineffectually bombarded the town. A cannonball from the bombar ...
Henry I of England... rench name for the planta genista, or broom shrub) he wore in his hat. King, having heard good reports on Geoffrey's talents and prowess, sent his ro ...
Nicholas SerotaUnlike recent years, Sirwas not the jury chairman; instead, the chairman was Christoph Grunenberg, ...
Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge... . Her parents were Francis, Duke of Teck, who was of German extraction, and, a member of the British Royal Family. To her family, she was informally ...
Margaret, Maid of NorwayThe heir to the throne was Alexander's granddaughter,. As she was still a child and in Norway, the Scottish lords set up a gove ...
Louis XV... he bogus Lopukhina Conspiracy and other attempts of Frederick the Great andto get rid of Bestuzhev (making the Russian court the centre of a tangle o ...
Frederick II of Legnica... h 1485, Ansbach–24 May 1537, Liegnitz), married on 14 November 1518 to Duke
William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth... chool and enable use of the Charity School's unspent trust funds. Named for— an important supporter of Eleazar Wheelock's earlier efforts but who, in ...
Alice of Courtenay... e was the only daughter and heir of Aymer Taillefer, Count of Angoulême, by, who was sister of Peter II of Courtenay, Latin Emperor of Constantinople ...
Frederick the Great... tain and Russia. Elizabeth sided against Prussia over a personal dislike of. She wanted him reduced within proper limits, so that he might no longer ...
Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson... nate's blocking of his legislation, recommended to the new Governor-Generalthat both houses of the parliament be dissolved and elections called. This ...
Conrad II... tz (in 1035 as the royal Salian estate of Silewize in a document by Emperor) and St. Johannis (possibly 1149 as Altentrebgast). Even the district of ...
Finarfin... Arda. On the Flight of the Noldor, the Noldor who returned to Valinor undernamed themselves the Aulendur, Followers of Aulë
Arthur Balfour's refusal to recommend an earldom for Curzon in 1905 was repeated by Sir ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... on one day, firing 2,088 rockets and dropping 80 tons (73 tonnes) of bombs., the Supreme Allied Commander, said of the Typhoons; "The chief credit in ...
Robert Walpole... arlborough; the architect of Blenheim Palace, John Vanbrugh; prime minister; King George II; and his wife, Queen Caroline. The money she inherited fr ...
Charles IVAs early as 1361 Emperorhad conferred on Burgrave Frederick V the right to mint coins for the town ...
Frederick II... s, the Cathedral of San Sabino (1035–1171) and the Swabian Castle built for, which is now also a major nightlife district. To the south is the Murat ...
Maurice Maeterlinck... sed the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1911 which was awarded to his friend,
William X, Count of Poitou#(1136–1164) died unmarrie
Maximilian I... exico, Sonora was invaded by French troops as part of the effort to installas a monarch in Mexico. The port of Guaymas was attacked by forces under A ...
Nelson Mandela... influences on the African Independence movements and his work was cited byand other post-colonialist, world leaders. In the arts, James Earl Jones, ...
Henry VIII... arrows and 137 whole longbows were recovered from the Mary Rose, a ship of's navy that sank at Portsmouth in 1545
Joseph Bonaparte... e, at Vitoria, the combined Anglo-Portuguese and Spanish armies won against, finally breaking French power in Spain. The French had to retreat out of ...
Edward, the Black Prince of Wales... winning accolades and acquiring friendships with such historical figures asand Geoffrey Chaucer
Richard I... ns on a red background are still part of the arms of Normandy. Henry's son,, added a third lion to distinguish the arms of England
Wilfrid Laurier... November, making him Canada's second French-Canadian Prime Minister, after
Queen Mary... ular with white audiences, and it even gained a royal audience, principally. Subsequently, Robeson was summoned for a Royal Command Performance at Bu ...
Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford... made among his high-born clients, Ogilby was eventually taken to Ireland by, on his appointment as lord deputy there, and became tutor to his childre ...
Igor Svyatoslavich... epic The Lay of Igor's Host, which recounts the campaign of Russian princeagainst the invading Polovtsian tribes in 1185. The opera was left unfinis ...
John Jacob Astor... ed down the Columbia to the Pacific Ocean, arriving at the mouth just after's Pacific Fur Company had founded Astoria. On his return to the north, Th ...
George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven... k (mother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh), Queen Louise of Sweden, and
Charles VIII... Medici in 1492, he was succeeded by his son Piero II. When the French kinginvaded northern Italy, Piero II chose to resist his army. But when he rea ...
Queen Beatrix... one of the Kingdom of the Netherlands since 1980. He is the eldest child ofand Prince Claus, and he is the head of the House of Amsberg since the dea ...
William V... 1600, Ferdinand married Maria Anna of Bavaria (1574-1616), daughter of Dukeof Bavaria. They had seven children
Mozart... aphies of several prominent figures of his time, including Napoleon, Haydn,, Rossini and Metastasio
Lord Camden... f secretary of war in the new Irish government but the new lord-lieutenant,, was only able to offer him the post of Surveyor-General of the Ordnance. ...
Frederick William III of Prussia... of 26, Bessel was appointed director of the Königsberg Observatory by King. There he published tables of atmospheric refraction based on Bradley's o ...
Joseph I... Habsburg sovereign of the Habsburg Empire. He succeeded his elder brother,, as Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia (Charles II), Hungary and Croatia ...
Raphael... accio, Piero della Francesca, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Perugino, Michelangelo,, Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci, and Titian. The same is true for architec ...
Anna Komnene... rence and exclusion, (the word barbarian was used by 12th century historianto describe non-Greek speakers), a sense of Greek identity and common sens ...
Henry Royce... nineteenth century; artist, Christopher Perkins – brother of Frank; and Sir, 1st Baronet of Seaton, engineer and co-founder of Rolls-Royce. Physician ...
James II... spurning their original legitimist ultra-royalist principles in regards toto uphold it
Louis XI... rgundy was made impossible by the sudden death of Charles the Bold in 1477.immediately seized the opportunity to take control of Cambrai, but left th ...
Frederick V... the Belgian general Johann Tserclaes, count of Tilly, smashed the rebels of, who had been elected as rival King in 1618. After Frederick's flight to ...
Louis XVSimultaneously, Elizabeth caused to be conveyed toa confidential letter in which she proposed the signature of a new treaty ...
Alfonso XIII... yal Command Performance at Buckingham Palace in honor of the King of Spain,. and he was befriended by MPs from the House of Commons Consequently, fee ...
Sancha... entering the church of John the Baptist in León, where he had gone to marry, sister of Bermudo III, King of León. In his role as feudal overlord, San ...
Porfirio Díaz... they had become much more secure. George Hearst was on friendly terms with, the Mexican dictator, who helped him settle boundary disputes profitably ...
Charles X of France... e French flag in 1814, but replaced once again after the revolution againstin 1830. In a very strange turn of events after the end of the Second Fren ...
Mozart... was an avid fan of music, particularly the works of the composers Cimarosa,and Rossini. He wrote a biography about Rossini, Vie de Rossini (1824), no ...
Christian X... stival at the park. The first Rebild Festival took place in 1912, when Kingspoke to a crowd of 10,000. The day has been celebrated every year since t ...
Prince Claus... of the Netherlands since 1980. He is the eldest child of Queen Beatrix and, and he is the head of the House of Amsberg since the death of his father ...
Benito Mussolini... ation (though without serfdom) in their enthusiasm for the corporate state.said that "fascism is reaction" and that "fascism, which did not fear to c ...
Louis XIVIn 1677,, in an effort to "safeguard the tranquility of his borders for ever" ("as ...
Mozart... fluences on the Romantic movement generally. In 1810 E.T.A. Hoffmann called, Haydn and Beethoven the three "Romantic Composers", and Ludwig Spohr use ...
Luitpold... s crisis, had been declared insane, and, on 10 June 1886, his uncle, Prince, became regent. Three days later, on 13 June, Ludwig II was found dead in ...
El CidIn the Taifa of Zaragoza Christian infanzon exiled of Castillawith his supporters (Mesnada) offer their service to Yusuf al-Mu'taman ibn ...
Empress Matilda... gh the king had persuaded his most powerful barons to swear support for the, just a few days after Henry's death Stephen of Blois arrived from France ...
Alfonso XII... pos in Sagunto led to a restoration of the Bourbon dynasty in the person of. A period of political stability, of repression of the workers movement, ...
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh... rg title. His siblings were Princess Alice of Greece and Denmark (mother of), Queen Louise of Sweden, and George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford ...
Laplace... on of photography, the grant for the publication of the works of Fermat and, the acquisition of the museum of Cluny, the development of railways and ...
Duchess of York... bsequently became king. Before her husband's accession she was successively, Duchess of Cornwall and Princess of Wales. As his queen consort from 191 ...
Stephen of Blois... itance. The border districts submitted to her, but England chose her cousinfor its king, and Normandy soon followed suit. The following year, Geoffre ...
Anne Boleyn... leyn and John Seymour and Catherine's lineage, unlike that of Henry's wife,, was better and more established at Court. Though not of the aristocracy ...
Derek Rayner... tting numbers from 732,000 to 594,000 over her first seven years in office., the former chief executive of Marks and Spencer, was appointed as an eff ...
Knights of Columbus... provide insurance for the struggling immigrants. One such organization, the, chose that name in part because it saw Christopher Columbus as a fitting ...
Maria Theresa===Forced assimilation===In the Habsburg Monarchy under(1740–1780), a series of decrees tried to force the Romanies to permanentl ...
Finarfin... cond wife of Finwë (the king of the Noldor) and the mother of Fingolfin and, the latter of whom founded the only house of Noldorin Elves to sport gol ...
Henry Curtmantle... ss Matilda, daughter and heiress of Henry I of England, Geoffrey had a son,, who succeeded to the English throne and founded the Plantagenet dynasty ...
Peter of Holstein-Gottorp... find a legitimate heir to secure the Romanov dynasty. She chose her nephew,. Elizabeth was only too aware that the deposed Ivan VI, whom she had impr ...
Reginald Bray... s with stone, raised a square tower, and assisted Robert Brygandine and Sirin the construction of the world's first dry dock. In 1527, with some of t ...
Frederick the Great... ve Frederick and Margravine Wilhelmina of Bayreuth, the favourite sister of. During this time, under the direction of court architects, Joseph Saint- ...
Richard B. Haldane... would later contribute to his death. He spent two months in the infirmary., the Liberal MP and reformer, visited him and had him transferred in Nove ...
Charles V of France... shield "sown" (semé) with a scattering of small golden fleurs-de-lis), butchanged the design from an all-over scattering to a group of three in abou ...
Richard... r climate. Returning in November to India, he learnt that his elder brother, now known as Lord Mornington, had been appointed as the new Governor-Gen ...
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz... colony. The British changed the name of Fort Condé to Fort Charlotte, after, King George III's queen
King Arthur... d Cynric were depicted as Saxon invaders, and were killed, respectively, byand Lancelot at the Battle of Badon Hill (Mons Badonicus). Cynric was port ...
Ladislaus the Posthumous... thus resorted to more subtle means. He held his second cousin once removed, the ruler of the Archduchy of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia, (born in 144 ...
Eleanor of Aquitaine... "Messalina", although they were pleased with her beauty. Her mother-in-law,readily accepted her as John's wife
Edward III of EnglandIn 1328, Kinginherited a claim to the crown of France, and in about 1340 he quartered F ...
von Hindenburg... bowed in apparently respectful humility before President and Field Marshal
Lothair I... n the three sons of Louis the Pious. Middle Francia was allotted to Emperor, therefore called Lotharii Regnum. Upon his death in 855, it was further ...
William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth... ished a trust to help Wheelock. The head of the trust was a Methodist named
Thomas Beecham... znetsova as Yaroslavna. London saw the same production in 1914 conducted by, again with Chaliapin as Galitsky. In 1915 the United States premiere too ...
Catherine of Aragon... enry VIII. Her mother, Lady Parr, was a close friend and attendant of Queen. Catherine was presumably named after Queen Catherine, who was also her g ...
General Harris... force be sent to capture Seringapatam and defeat Tipu. Under the command of, some 24,000 troops were dispatched to Madras (to join an equal force bei ...
John Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute... astle was substantially altered and extended during the Victorian period by, and the architect William Burges. Original Roman work can, however, stil ...
Edward I... unty to the east of the River Derwent from the reign of Henry II to that of
Empress consort... Rhine later Alexandra Feodorovna Romanova (6 June 1872 – 17 July 1918), wasof Russia as spouse of Nicholas II, the last Emperor of the Russian Empire ...
Isabella II... solutist "Carlist" partisans of Infante Carlos and the liberal partisans ofled to the First Carlist War, which lasted until 1840 and was especially v ...
Cardinal Richelieu... e la Fresnaye and Jean Mairet). The support which the unities received fromeventually secured their complete triumph and Pierre Corneille, who had no ...
Francis Bacon... by Galileo, Luther, John Calvin, Voltaire, Sir Isaac Newton, Descartes, Sir, Samuel Johnson, Thomas Hobbes, Goethe, and others. In addition, the coll ...
Joanot Martorell... rn. March was twice married—first to Isabel Martorell (sister of the writer), and later to Joana Escorna
Infante Carlos... conflict over the succession between the absolutist "Carlist" partisans ofand the liberal partisans of Isabella II led to the First Carlist War, whi ...
Maurice Bowra... omb of Orion most likely at the foot of Mount Cerycius (now Mount Tanagra).argues that Orion was a national hero of the Boeotians, much as Castor and ...
Rick Santorum... %) for John Kerry. In 2008 John McCain received 62.7% of the vote. In 2006,and both had significant victories in Tioga County despite their defeats s ...
Henry II... covered the whole county to the east of the River Derwent from the reign ofto that of Edward I
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster... ied with Richard's treatment of him. As a descendant of Edward III, throughand Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, Buckingham may have hoped ...
Princess Alexia... i in 2002. They have three daughters Princess Catharina-Amalia (born 2003),(born 2005), and Princess Ariane (born 2007). He will become the first Kin ...
Anne Hyde... rah’s sister, Frances, was appointed maid of honour to the Duchess of York,
Henry V of EnglandKingis credited with having invented what some consider the first true passpor ...
Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of BurlingtonChiswick House was inherited by, 4th Earl of Cork and Baron Clifford (1694–1753) on the death of his fath ...
James Ensor... ssels art world. His articles brought many promising young talents, such as, to the attention of the public
Paul I... 's mother. The marriage took place on 21 August 1745 with a son, the future, finally born on 20 September 1754
Princess Ariane... ers Princess Catharina-Amalia (born 2003), Princess Alexia (born 2005), and(born 2007). He will become the first King of the Netherlands since the de ...
Frederik VI... eived status as a merchant town under the name of Frederikshavn, after King
Mary of Modena... , and in 1673 Sarah entered court as maid of honour to James’s second wife,
Sir James Hall... took a boat trip from Dunglass Burn east along the coast with the geologistof Dunglass. They found the sequence in the cliff below St. Helens, then j ...
Hugh X of LusignanIn the spring of 1220, she married, "le Brun", Seigneur de Luisignan, Count of La Marche, the son of Hugh IX ...
Ludwig II... rown prince, against Germany's common enemy. It was on the proposal of Kingthat the imperial crown was offered to King Wilhelm I of Prussia
Lee Myung-bak... both the former Prime Minister of Japan, Fukuda Yasuo, and Korean Presidentemphasized the importance of "open[ing] a new era in Japan – South Korea r ...
Nicholas II... va (6 June 1872 – 17 July 1918), was Empress consort of Russia as spouse of, the last Emperor of the Russian Empire. Born a granddaughter of Queen Vi ...
Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester... descendant of Edward III, through John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and, Buckingham may have hoped to accede to the throne himself in due course. ...
her brother Thomas... l of 'gaiety and charm'. In 1793 he sought her hand, but was turned down by, Earl of Longford, who considered Wellesley to be a young man, in debt, w ...
Sigismund I of Poland... Casimir IV of Poland by his wife Elisabeth of Habsburg, and sister of King. They had seventeen children
Sancha... ation of the realm of León–Castilla under Fernando el Magno and [his queen](1037–1065) is a history that remains to be researched and written.
Bertrand Russell... aynard Keynes, Walter Lamb (brother of painter Henry Lamb), George Mallory,, and G. E. Moore. Moore's philosophy, with its assumption that the summum ...
Feast of Saint Louis... t a church in the central village of La Plaza Medio and dedicated it on the, June 21, 1851. The village was renamed San Luis de la Culebra in honor o ...
William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire... 4 and his widow in 1758, the property was ceded to the Cavendish family and, the husband of Charlotte. After William's death in 1764, the villa passe ...
Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti... interested in international water management issues and sports. He marriedin 2002. They have three daughters Princess Catharina-Amalia (born 2003), ...
Peter the Great... lower classes in the Swedish East Baltic territories) succeeded her husbandin 1725
Cesare... rally accepted version is that Lucrezia was informed of this by her brother, and she warned her husband, who fled Rome
Lord Fulton... inistrators at under-secretary level and above had been privately educated.’s committee reported in 1968. He found that administrators were not profe ...
Rick Santorum... . received 51% of its vote when he unseated incumbent Republican US Senatorand Ed Rendell received 50.6% of the vote against Lynn Swann
Charles V of Spain... a personal hunting park. The castle was later mostly rebuilt in the age of
Richard Rich... most powerful of the King's advisors, brought forth the Solicitor General,, to testify that More had, in his presence, denied that the King was the ...
Frederick II of Hohenstaufen... was conquered by the Arabs, who built here the first nucleus of the castle.further fortified the town and created here a personal hunting park. The c ...
Nicolás de Ovando... s after Columbus's discovery, the administration of Hispaniola was given toof the Order of Alcántara, founded during the Reconquista. As in the Iberi ...
James I of Scotland... nent part of the design of the Scottish royal arms and Royal Standard since
Princess Catharina-Amalia... s. He married Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti in 2002. They have three daughters(born 2003), Princess Alexia (born 2005), and Princess Ariane (born 2007). ...
William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke... wning as King Henry III of England, she left him in the care of his regent,and returned to France to assume control of her inheritance of Angoulême
Laurence Olivier... ielgud directed and alternated the roles of Romeo and Mercutio with a youngin his first professional Shakespearean leading role. Olivier's performanc ...
Francis StephenThe extinction of the Medici dynasty and the accession in 1737 of, duke of Lorraine and husband of Maria Theresa of Austria, led to Tuscany ...
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster... the service of the royal family, in the household of Catherine's ancestor,. Their marriage alliance with the Ros (or Roos) family enhanced their sta ...
Admiral NelsonA lock of's hair was given to the Imperial Japanese Navy by the British Royal Navy ...
Lord Dudley... ed Labour from office, with Fisher failing to persuade the Governor-Generalto dissolve Parliament
Princess of Wales... d's accession she was successively Duchess of York, Duchess of Cornwall and. As his queen consort from 1910, she supported her husband through the Fi ...
Lord Kitchener... s Act 1986. In addition, the wreck of the , which hit a mine while carryingnorth to Murmansk on 5 June 1916 and sank off the west coast of the mainla ...
Hugh XI of LusignanBy Hugh X, Isabella had nine more children. Their eldest sonsucceeded his father as Count of La Marche and Count of Angoulême in 1249
Ninian Comper... he splendid gilded reredos or altar screen, one of the largest works of Sir. This was dedicated in 1921 as a war memorial, though the gilding was not ...
Philip the Fair... Burgundy, thus acquiring most of the Low Countries for the family. His sonmarried the heiress of Castile and Aragon, and thus acquired Spain and its ...
Duke Alexander of Württemberg... ton Palace, London. Her father was Prince Francis, Duke of Teck, the son ofby his morganatic wife, Countess Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde. Her mother ...
Galeazzo Maria Sforza# 1494 Bianca Maria Sforza (1472–1510), daughter of Duke of Milan
Benjamin Britten... Jennings). Their work involved poets such as W. H. Auden, composers such as, and writers such as J. B. Priestley. Among the best known films of the m ...
King Hussein... other Arab states showed much more reluctance to fully commit to a new war.of Jordan feared another major loss of territory as had occurred in the Si ...
Charles VAlthoughresisted the Protestant Reformation, he ruled the Dutch territories wisely ...
The Lost Art of Keeping a Secret... tified silver in the United Kingdom. Three singles were released from it: "", "Feel Good Hit of the Summer" and "Monsters in the Parasol", with the f ...
Ramon Berenguer IVThe dynastic union between Petronila, Queen of Aragon, and, Count of Barcelona, produced a son, Alfonso II of Aragon who inherited a ...
Henry IIIDuring the reign ofthe Assize of Arms of 1252 required that all "citizens, burgesses, free te ...
Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 4th Marquess of Lansdowne... d Flahaut resigned his commission. His eldest daughter, Emily Jane, married. His youngest daughter, Georgiana Gabrielle de Flahaut, (d. 16 July 1907) ...
Count Lestocq... lstein-Gottorp, resulted from some amount of diplomatic management in which, Peter's aunt (the ruling Russian Empress Elizabeth), and Frederick II of ...
Charles V... Council. After undertaking a diplomatic mission to the Holy Roman Emperor,, accompanying Thomas Wolsey to Calais and Bruges, More was knighted and m ...
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart... he western classical orchestra since around the middle of the 18th century., Joseph Haydn and Ludwig van Beethoven all used it, though sparingly, usu ...
Princess of Wales... f which were transliterated into German. Her godparents were the Prince and, the Russian Tsarevich and Tsarevna, HRH Princess Beatrice of the United ...
Prince of Orange... e construction of a monument on the spot where it was believed his son, the, had been wounded. The Lion's Hillock, a giant mound, was constructed her ...
Charles of Ghent... rik III of Nassau-Breda was appointed stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland byin the beginning of the 16th century. Hendrik was succeeded by his son Ren ...
King William III and Queen Mary IIColleges created by royal charter fromof England
BolingbrokeStill others such as Anthony Collins,, Thomas Chubb, and Peter Annet were materialists and either denied or dou ...
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart... "March of the Priests" from the opera The Magic Flute, composed in 1791 by, and that Lavallée's melody was inspired by Mozart's tune. The line "The ...
Bruno the GreatIn 953 the German king Otto I had appointed his brotherDuke of Lotharingia
Winston Churchill... first summit was held in December 1953, at the insistence of Prime Minister, to discuss relations with the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Particip ...
Napoleon II... lted in failure. He was present at Waterloo, and afterwards sought to placeon the throne
Winston Churchill... night of 26/27 August 1944 and three nights later on the 29/30 August 1944.(The Second World War, Book XII) had erroneously believed it to be "a mode ...
King George IIColleges created byof Great Britain
Philip Stanhope... g Whig ministers such as William Pitt, later the first Earl of Chatham, and, the fourth Earl of Chesterfield. Although she left little to the poor an ...
Duke of Holstein-Gottorp... only two daughters, Anna and Elizabeth survived. Anna was betrothed to the, nephew of the late King Charles XII of Sweden, Peter's old adversary. He ...
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle... iarty is the archenemy of Sherlock Holmes, a fictional detective created by. Moriarty is a criminal mastermind, described by Holmes as the "Napoleon ...
Alfred, Lord Tennyson... red by Mozart's tune. The line "The True North strong and free" is based on's description of Canada as "that true North, whereof we lately heard / A ...
Lord Herbert of Cherbury... ts and religious wars since the beginning of the Reformation. In 1642, when's De Veritate was published, the Thirty Years War had been raging on cont ...
Francis, Duke of Teck... was born on 26 May 1867 at Kensington Palace, London. Her father was Prince, the son of Duke Alexander of Württemberg by his morganatic wife, Countes ...
René of Châlon-Orange... hent in the beginning of the 16th century. Hendrik was succeeded by his sonin 1538, who was, as his full name stated, the Prince of Orange. When René ...
Nicholas I... lost its independence when Russia's army crushed the Polish Uprising under. Revival and reinterpretation of ancient myths, customs and traditions by ...
Michael Laudrup... Txiki Begiristain while signing international stars such as Ronald Koeman,, Romário, and Hristo Stoichkov. Under his guidance, Barcelona won four co ...
Simon de MontfortWhen operations resumed in 1211 the actions of Arnaud-Amaury andhad alienated several important lords, including Raymond de Toulouse, who ...
Stanisław August Poniatowski... d political system. The royal election of 1764 resulted in the elevation of, a refined and worldly aristocrat connected to a major magnate faction, b ...
Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.... Boston, Massachusetts, the youngest of nine children of Rose Fitzgerald and, who were members of prominent Irish-American families in Boston and who ...
Grand Duke Louis IV of Hesse and by Rhine... t of the German Empire. She was the sixth child among the seven children of, and Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, the second daughter of Queen V ...
Kuveni... (6th-5th century BC), the founding father of the Sinhalese nation, through, a woman of the indigenous Yakkha clan whom he had espoused. The Mahavans ...
Josip Broz Tito... for instance, a Yugoslavian, Josip Broz, who would became famous as Marshal, was in Paris to provide assistance, money and passports for volunteers f ...
William the Silent... assassinated with a firearm were the Regent Moray of Scotland in 1570, and, the Prince of Orange of the Netherlands in 1584. Gunpowder and other exp ...
Cesare Borgia... became Pope Alexander VI, and Vannozza dei Cattanei. Her brothers included, Giovanni Borgia, and Gioffre Borgia. It is often suggested that Cesare a ...
Raphael... moments, as well as those of high drama. The lives of great artists such aswere commemorated on equal terms with those of rulers, and fictional chara ...
Wellington... dominion in parts of Catalonia lasted until 1814, when the British Generalsigned the armistice by which the French left Barcelona and the other stro ...
Papen... ity than in the previous years. The administrations of Chancellors Brüning,, Schleicher and Hitler (from 30 January to 23 March 1933) governed throug ...
Henry the Fowler... again attached itself to West Francia, but was conquered by the German kingin 925. Stuck in the conflict with his rival Hugh the Great, King Louis IV ...
Louis XV... was Peter's intention to marry his second daughter to the young French King, but the Bourbons declined the offer as Elizabeth`s mother`s origin was d ...
Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers... related to Henry by her ancestress Joan Wydville (or Woodville), sister of, father of King Edward IV consort, Elizabeth Woodville. When the Duke of ...
Ferdinand VIIThe reign of(reigned 1808–33) saw several Catalan uprisings and after his death the co ...
Charles II, Archduke of AustriaHe was born at Graz, the son of, and Maria Anna of Bavaria. He was educated by the Jesuits and later freq ...
Kitty Pakenham... agoons and it was during this period that he grew increasingly attracted to, the daughter of Edward Pakenham, 2nd Baron Longford. She was described a ...
The Black Douglas... for that magazine, portrays the life of William Wallace, Robert the Bruce,, and others, while dovetailing the events of his novel with historical fi ...
Lord Caledon... m Kilcoole in County Wicklow. Irish Cape Governors included Lord Macartney,and Sir John Francis Cradock. Irish settlers were brought in small numbers ...
Johann Georg I... Kapellmeister Daniel Eberlin (also a native of Nuremberg), in the employ of, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach. He met members of the Bach family in Eisenach (wh ...
Solomon... part of the alliance, she was engaged to the Hungarian King's son and heir,. When King Andrew I died in 1060, his widow and sons took refuge in the G ...
Ferdinand... pire when, in 1520, Emperor Charles V left them to the rule of his brother,
William I... alighting, proceeded to examine the field". In 1820, the Netherlands' Kingordered the construction of a monument on the spot where it was believed h ...
Felipe V... Spanish Army in the battle of Saragossa in 1710. As a result of the battlewas forced to abandon Madrid and retreated to Valladolid
Henry VIII... arrows and 137 whole longbows were recovered from the Mary Rose, a ship of's navy that was sunk at Portsmouth in 1545. It is an important source for ...
Catherine II of Russia... onnected to a major magnate faction, but hand-picked and imposed by Empress, who expected Poniatowski to be her obedient follower. The King according ...
C. P. Snow... both theoretically and experimentally. The well-known historian of physics,, says about him, "If Fermi had been born a few years earlier, one could w ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... er, former president of the university and brother of former U.S. president. JHU's library was previously housed in Gilman Hall, and other smaller de ...
Bertrand Russell... ve-minute hypothesis is a skeptical hypothesis put forth by the philosopherthat proposes that the universe sprang into existence five minutes ago fro ...
Charles II... areas. However, at the end of the century, after the death of the childless(1700), the crown of Spain went to Philip V of the House of Bourbon. The G ...
Abigail Masham... lly liked it or not, and became angry if she stubbornly refused to take it.also played a key role in Sarah’s downfall. Modest and retiring, she activ ...
Joseph de Maistre... ists and left-wing Revolutionaries. Herein arose the clerical philosophers—, Louis de Bonald, François-René de Chateaubriand—whose answer was restori ...
James I of England... mia, known as the Winter Queen or Queen of Hearts, was the daughter of King. However, after Frederick's defeat in the Battle of White Mountain in 162 ...
Frederick V... ol and Further Austria. The territories were only reunified by Ernest's son(Frederick III as Holy Roman Emperor), when the Albertinian line (1457) an ...
Mozart... and Maciej Kamieński), others imitated foreign composers such as Haydn and
Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond... ldings, such as Thomas Coke, 1st Earl of Leicester at Holkham Hall, Norfolk, at Goodwood House, and the Mansion House, nicknamed the "Egyptian Hall" ...
Josef II... ties (1767), and prohibited marriage between Romanies (1773). Her successorprohibited the wearing of traditional Romani clothing and the use of the R ...
Leopold I... ccession, ignoring the decree he had signed during the reign of his father,. Charles sought the other European powers' approval. They exacted harsh t ...
Henry III of England... of repentance for her many misdeeds. On a visit to Fontevraud, her son Kingwas shocked to find her buried outside the Abbey and ordered her immediate ...
Prince Claus of the Netherlands... Netherlands. He is the first child of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands and, and the first grandchild of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands and Prince ...
Rollo... verran Rouen until some of them finally settled and founded a colony led by(Hrolfr), who was nominated count of Rouen by the king of the Franks in 91 ...
Peter III of AragonOn March 30, 1282,waged war on Charles of Anjou after the Sicilian Vespers for the possessio ...
Paul von Hindenburg... ly twice, to Field Marshal Gebhard von Blücher in 1813 and to Field Marshalin 1918. A third award was planned for the most successful German general ...
Benito Mussolini... opia became the target of renewed Italian imperialist designs in the 1930s.'s Fascist regime was keen to avenge the military defeats Italy had suffer ...
Prince of Wales... y Act of Parliament". This meant the Duke took precedence over his son, the, except, officially, in the British parliament. In fact, however, he atte ...
Philip V... er the death of the childless Charles II (1700), the crown of Spain went toof the House of Bourbon. The Grand Alliance of England, the United Provinc ...
Sir John Hobart... he Corporation of the City of London. The Corporation eventually sold it to, and through him it passed to the ownership of the Blickling Estate. The ...
Nazgûl... ains that came to be known as the Ephel Dúath. When Minas Ithil fell to thein , the Ithil-Stone came into Sauron's hands, and leading up to the War o ...
RaphaelImage:Raphael.woman.600pix.jpg|La donna velata,, 151
Victor Emmanuel III... was far better armed than the Fascist militias, the liberal system and Kingwere facing a deeper political crisis. The King was forced to choose which ...
Princess Augusta of Hesse-Cassel... third child and younger daughter of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, and. She was baptised in the Chapel Royal of Kensington Palace on 27 July 186 ...
Queen Anne... all is chiefly attributed to her selfish and self-serving relationship with, she was a vibrant and intelligent woman, who loyally promoted Anne's int ...
Lord MoyneOn November 6, 1944,, British Deputy Resident Minister of State in Cairo was assassinated by L ...
King Charles III... children sent to orphanages. Similar prohibitions took place in 1783 under, who prohibited the nomadic lifestyle, the use of the Calo language, Roma ...
TitianImage:Tizian_085.jpg|The Rape of Europa,, 156
Beatrix of the Netherlands... Medical Center in Utrecht, the Netherlands. He is the first child of Queenand Prince Claus of the Netherlands, and the first grandchild of Queen Jul ...
Walter Scott... macy with a "self-taught philosopher, astronomer and mathematician," as Sircalled him, of great local fame—James Veitch of Inchbonny—a man who was pa ...
László I... t for the Hungarian throne; in 1077 he accepted the rule of his cousin King, who gave him in exchange extensive landholdings after his formal abdicat ...
Charles Augustus... e family well: she herself had intended to marry Princess Johanna's brother(Karl August von Holstein), who had died of smallpox in 1727 before the we ...
Sir Humphry DavyThe metal itself was first produced byin England in 1808 using electrolysis of a mixture of magnesia and mercuri ...
Emperor Frederick III... ar from the Hereditary Lands. In 1477, the Archduke Maximilian, only son of, married the heiress of Burgundy, thus acquiring most of the Low Countrie ...
Francis Bacon... rimental histories" by philosophical reformists such as William Gilbert and, drew a significant following in the years leading up to and following Ga ...
Rupprecht... I of Bavaria. During the First World War, Ludwig's eldest son, Crown Prince, commanded the Bavarian army and became one of the leading German command ...
Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge... his morganatic wife, Countess Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde. Her mother was, the third child and younger daughter of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambrid ...
Adolphe-Basile RouthierThe original French lyrics of "O Canada" were written by Sir, to music composed by Calixa Lavallée, as a French Canadian patriotic son ...
Sir Humphry Davy... en recognised in compounds, the metal itself was not isolated until 1807 bythrough the electrolysis of sodium hydroxide
Medea... cal themes, culminating in 1947 with the critically acclaimed adaptation offor the Broadway stage, which featured Dame Judith Anderson in the title r ...
Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge... rincess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, the third child and younger daughter of, and Princess Augusta of Hesse-Cassel. She was baptised in the Chapel Roy ...
Agnes... husband four daughters: Sophia (by marriage Princess of Vladimir-Volynia),(later Abbess of Quedlinburg and Gandersheim), Adelaide (by marriage Count ...
Anthony Zinni... entral Intelligence Agency. Clancy has also associated himself with General, a critic of the George W. Bush administration, and has been critical of ...
Maria Theresa... abeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, by whom he had his two children:, born 1717, the last Habsburg sovereign, and Maria Anna, born 1718, Gover ...
Lord Adrian... ch consensus, prompting the intervention of then University Vice-Chancellor. Lord Adrian first offered the professorship to a compromise candidate, , ...
William Pitt... in annuities, she made financial bequests to rising Whig ministers such as, later the first Earl of Chatham, and Philip Stanhope, the fourth Earl of ...
René of Anjou... held by Brabant. After the duchy of the Moselle came into the possession ofthe name "Duchy of Lorraine" was adopted again, only retrospectively calle ...
Tsarevna... godparents were the Prince and Princess of Wales, the Russian Tsarevich and, HRH Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, the Duchess of Cambridge, a ...
Napoleon I... ril 1785 – 2 September 1870) was a French general and . He was the lover of's stepdaughter, Hortense de Beauharnais, Queen of Holland, by whom he had ...
Anne Neville... Alice were appointed ladies-in-waiting to Alice's niece, queen consort Lady. The profession would span five generations down to Catherine's sister, A ...
Hedwig of Saxony... ke and deputy of Bruno was Frederick I of Bar, son-in-law of Bruno's sister
General Mannerheim... art in the fighting at the front of the Finnish Civil War. When the regent,, later heard about this, he invited Gallen-Kallela to design the flags, o ...
Louis IX of France... Isabella and Hugh were summoned to the French court to swear fealty to King's brother, Alphonse, who had been invested as Count of Poitou, their moth ...
Floris V, Count of Holland... is from 1276 when Dirk van Santhorst received the "Soetrewold" fiefdom from
Mary, Queen of Scots... of having had two queens buried beneath its paving, Katherine of Aragon and. The remains of Queen Mary were later removed to Westminster Abbey by her ...
Douglas Haig... attle has been a source of controversy: senior officers such as General Sir, the commander of the British Expeditionary Force and Henry Rawlinson, th ...
King Henry VIII... nians. As the English Reformation progressed, their friaries were closed by. The refectory of the Dominican friary was eventually converted into a th ...
George Villiers, 1st Duke of BuckinghamIn 1628 the unpopular favourite of Charles Iwas stabbed to death in an Old Portsmouth pub by a veteran of Villiers' mo ...
Alexander I of Russia... of collective security against revolution and Bonapartism inspired by Tsar. This instance of reaction was surpassed by a movement that developed in ...
Robert Helpmann... bert Donat played Becket at the Old Vic in 1953 in a production directed by
Maria Anna... is two children: Maria Theresa, born 1717, the last Habsburg sovereign, and, born 1718, Governess of the Austrian Netherlands
William IIn 933 the islands, formerly under the control of, then Duchy of Brittany were annexed by the Duchy of Normandy. The island ...
Archduke Charles... rlands) and Austria gave military support to a rival claimant to the crown,. Catalonia initially accepted Philip V following prolonged negotiations b ...
Constantine II of Greece... nd VIPs, using the former King of Greece as his principal salesman. Ex-King(then exiled in Britain) provided contacts to a half a dozen royal familie ...
Archduke Maximilian... began also to accumulate lands far from the Hereditary Lands. In 1477, the, only son of Emperor Frederick III, married the heiress of Burgundy, thus ...
Duke of Lothier... ne disintegrated into several smaller territories and only the title of a "" remained, held by Brabant. After the duchy of the Moselle came into the ...
C. Aubrey Smith... oel Madison, Reginald Mason, Bradley Page, Willard Robertson, Ivan Simpson,, Charles Starrett, Richard Tucker, Arthur Vinton, Morgan Wallace and Lyle ...
Alfonso XIIIIn the early 1900s Santander became the favoured summer residence of King, who built the Palacio de la Magdalena as the residence of the royal fami ...
Henry V of England... forgotten after centuries of nonuse. During the late medieval period, King(lived 1387-1422) ordered the use of the English of his day in proceedings ...
Louis IX... 26. He died in November of that year, but the struggle continued under Kingand the area was reconquered by 1229; the leading nobles made peace, culmi ...
Philip II... om of the former Aragonese confederation, eclipsing Barcelona. The reign ofmarked the beginning of a gradual process of deterioration of Catalan econ ...
Benito Mussolini... of the year, the Germans had succeeded in occupying Liguria and setting up's puppet Republic of Salò in northern Italy. Now twenty years old, Calvin ...
Margaret Thatcher... ign 1969–1997. The IRA also attempted to assassinate British Prime Ministerby bombing the Conservative Party Conference in a Brighton hotel. Loyalist ...
Arthur Harris... the interdiction of these troop movements should be given a high priority., AOC Bomber Command (nicknamed "Bomber" Harris in the British press, and ...
Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich... was the sister-in-law of Alix's uncle, the Prince of Wales, and whose unclewas married to Alix's sister Elisabeth. They were also second cousins as t ...
Lord Buckingham... s a day (twice his pay as an ensign), to the new Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He was also transferred to the new 76th Regiment forming in Ireland and ...
John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich... f courtesan and socialite Martha Ray, his former lover, and the mistress of. The Tyburn gallows were last used on 3 November 1783, when John Austin, ...
Strongbow... in 1169. The King of Leinster, Diarmait Mac Murchada, enlisted the help of, the Earl of Pembroke, to conquer Dublin. Following Mac Murrough’s death, ...
Louis VIIIThe situation turned again following the intervention of the French king,, in 1226. He died in November of that year, but the struggle continued un ...
Marie Feodorovna... e was built by Catherine the Great’s son Paul. The czarevitch and his wife,, were avid francophiles, who, on a visit to France and Versailles in the ...
Isabel Marshal... all and King of the Romans (5 January 1209 – 2 April 1272). Married firstly, secondly Sanchia of Provence, and thirdly Beatrice of Falkenburg. Had is ...
Charles the Bold... s were astonishingly successful. In the Siege of Neuss (1474–75), he forcedof Burgundy to give up his daughter Mary of Burgundy as wife to Frederick' ...
Francis Bacon... es outlining a philosophy of science which might as easily be attributed tocenturies later. The novel's Roger Bacon serves to motivate Costain's prot ...
Philip IV... of the kingdoms, and were jealously guarded by the Catalan oligarchy. Afteracceded to the throne in 1621, the Count-Duke of Olivares attempted to sus ...
Anne Boleyn... ng to David Starkey, Catherine was most likely better educated overall than. As a child, Catherine could not tolerate sewing and often ironically sai ...
Edward I of England... Married Eleanor of Provence, by whom he had issue, including his heir, King
Ferdinand II... ted Emperor to succeed his cousin Mathias, the ultra-pious and intransigent, as he became known, embarked on an energetic attempt to re-Catholicize n ...
Charles the Bold... Barrois mouvant) as a fief by King Philip IV of France. The Burgundian dukein 1475 campaigned for the Duchy of Lorraine, but finally was defeated and ...
Margaret Mercer Elphinstone... and thence to Great Britain, where he married in Edinburgh on 20 June 1817(1788–1867), daughter of Admiral George Keith Elphinstone, 1st Viscount Ke ...
William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel... originated from St. Martin d'Aubigny in Normandy. Later, the founder's son,, in 1174 founded Becket's Chapel close by in the town, to be served by tw ...
Philippe, Duke of Anjou... The ensuing War of the Spanish Succession, which pitted France's candidate,, Louis XIV of France's grandson, against Austria's Charles, lasted for al ...
King George III... r Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (1767–1820), the fourth son ofand the father of Queen Victoria
Máxima Zorreguieta CerrutiOn 2 February 2002, he married(born 17 May 1971) at the Beurs van Berlage in Amsterdam. Máxima is an Arg ...
Emperor Charles V... r became Holy Roman Emperor, because he predeceased his father, but his soneventually united the Habsburg, Burgundian, Castilian, and Aragonese inher ...
Laurence Olivier... n his career as a classical actor. In 1959 he appeared as Sicinius oppositein Coriolanus at Stratford-upon-Avon, directed by Peter Hall. He then appe ...
Mary of Burgundy... s (1474–75), he forced Charles the Bold of Burgundy to give up his daughteras wife to Frederick's son Maximilian. With the inheritance of Burgundy, t ...
Nicolás de Ovando... es, Spain, the birthplace of then-governor of Spain's Caribbean territories), which today is known as the Pueblo Viejo sector of Guaynabo, just to th ...
Benito Mussolini... state had influence, if not power, over most of its citizens. According to, this system politicizes everything spiritual and human
Godfrey of Bouillon... te unless he had prayed as a pilgrim at the Holy Sepulchre. Crusader Prince, who became the first crusader monarch of Jerusalem, decided not to use t ...
Archibald Sinclair... d Dresden. That evening Churchill asked the Secretary of State for Air, Sir, what plans had been drawn up to carry out these proposals. He passed on ...
Mary... ame Bishop of Exeter, but was deposed in 1553 after the succession of Queen. He went to Denmark (where his brother-in-law was chaplain to the king), ...
Charles II... recognition for help given to him during his exile in Jersey in the 1640s,gave George Carteret, bailiff and governor, a large grant of land in the A ...
Empress AnnaWith the death of her father and the later accession of the, no royal court or noble house in Europe could allow a son to pay court t ...
Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor... to I granted the bishop with temporal powers over the city. In 1007 emperor, extended the bishop's temporal power to the territory surrounding Cambra ...
John... at Westminster, on 2 February 1234, to heed the example of his father, King. A week after his consecration he again appeared before the king with the ...
Lord Carrington... ancaster House Agreement a few months before the 1980 elections, chaired by, institutionalizes majority rule and protection of minority rights. Since ...
Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.... inent living member of the Kennedy family, he was the last surviving son of; the youngest brother of President John F. Kennedy and Senator Robert F. ...
Eleanor of Provence# King Henry III of England (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272). Married, by whom he had issue, including his heir, King Edward I of England
Simon de Montfort... Vaux-de-Cernay. "In their shifts and breeches" according to another source.now was appointed leader of the Crusader army, and was granted control of ...
Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen... the retreat of the broken armies he commanded the rearguard of the army of. Upon the capitulation of the main body after the Battle of Prenzlau on 2 ...
Count-Duke of Olivares... y the Catalan oligarchy. After Philip IV acceded to the throne in 1621, theattempted to sustain an ambitious foreign policy by taxing the kingdoms of ...
OmphaleIn Greek myth, Lydia was also the first home of the double-axe, the labrys., daughter of the river Iardanos, was a ruler of Lydia, whom Heracles was ...
William the Lion... bey and its grounds are now within the Dumfries urban conurbation boundary.granted the charter to raise Dumfries to the rank of a Royal Burgh in 1186 ...
Henry VIII... ices, and attacked the abuses and excesses of the Catholic Church. In 1521,responded to Luther’s criticisms with a work known as the Assertio, writte ...
Catherine the Great’sPavlovsk Palace was built byson Paul. The czarevitch and his wife, Marie Feodorovna, were avid francop ...
Leopold I... eslaus Balthasar Johannes Antonius Ignatius), the second son of the Emperorand of his third wife, Princess Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg, was born on ...
Archduke Leopold William... he king"), which identified the tomb. Some 300 golden bees were also found., governor of the Southern Netherlands (today's Belgium), had the find pub ...
Louis XIV... ough the French secured control of Spain and its colonies for a grandson of, the Austrians also ended up making significant gains in Western Europe, ...
William the Conqueror... ates in Wymondham and nearby New Buckenham whose grandfather had fought forat the Battle of Hastings. The d'Albini (or d'Aubigny) family originated f ...
Henry III of England# King(1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272). Married Eleanor of Provence, by whom ...
Josh Homme... al recording remained on the finished song. There's also 2 verses in Dutch.has stated that his favorite song from the album is "I Think I Lost My Hea ...
Princess Christina... -Nassau, he has participated in the New York City Marathon, where his aunt,, and several cousins live. In the Netherlands, he was a participant in th ...
Winston Churchill... ndmother, heard of this suggestion, she informed the British Prime Minister, who himself later advised the Queen to issue a royal proclamation declar ...
Anne Boleyn... ndon Bridge created dangerous rapids. This gatehouse is also known today as's gate, after Henry's second wife. Work was still underway on Anne Boleyn ...
Lord Home... t Union (represented by Andrei Gromyko), the United Kingdom (represented by) and the United States (represented by Dean Rusk), named the "Original Pa ...
William the Conqueror... t the Battle of Hastings on 14 October 1066, the invading Duke of Normandy,, spent the rest of the year securing his holdings, by fortifying key posi ...
Michel Ney... same day, the left wing of the Armée du Nord, under the command of Marshal, succeeded in stopping any of Wellington's forces going to aid Blücher's ...
François-René de Chateaubriand... Herein arose the clerical philosophers—Joseph de Maistre, Louis de Bonald,—whose answer was restoring the House of Bourbon and reinstalling the Roma ...
Eleanor of Aquitaine... ed her immediately moved inside. She was finally placed beside Henry II and. Afterwards, most of her many Lusignan children, having few prospects in ...
Albert I of Belgium... landers - Advisory Committee on European Affairs - African rap in Belgium -- Albert II of Belgium - Alfa Papa Tango - Alken - Alle maten - Alles Kan ...
Prince Charles... celebrated the tenth anniversary of its magazine supplement at the pyramid.of Britain surveyed the new site with curiosity, and declared it "marvelou ...
Duke of Rutland... so upon the advice of his mother, his brother Richard asked his friend the(then Lord Lieutenant of Ireland) to consider Arthur for a commission in t ...
German Emperor Frederick III... The tsar then sent emissaries to Princess Margaret of Prussia, daughter ofand sister of German Emperor Wilhelm II. Nicholas flatly declared that he ...
Francesco II Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua... ning in 1503, Lucrezia enjoyed a long relationship with her brother-in-law,as well as a love affair with the poet Pietro Bembo. Francesco's wife was ...
Louis XIV... atin. The treasure went first to the Habsburgs in Vienna, then as a gift to, who was not impressed with the treasure and stored it in the royal libra ...
Edmund CrouchbackHenry granted Kenilworth to his brother,, in 1267. Edmund held many tournaments at Kenilworth in the late 13th cen ...
Rudolf II... verted to Lutheranism, which Ferdinand I and his successors, Maximilian II,, and Mathias largely tolerated
Charles II of England... stocrats. Eventually the bones were gathered up and placed in an urn, whichordered interred in Westminster Abbey in the wall of the Henry VII Lady Ch ...
Marquis of Townshend... ally named "Port Townshend" by Captain George Vancouver (for his friend the) in 1792. It was immediately recognized as a good, safe harbor although s ...
Henry V of EnglandDuring the Hundred Years' War, on 19 January 1419, Rouen surrendered to, who annexed Normandy once again to the Plantagenet domains. But Rouen di ...
King Henry VII... Richard III in the Wars of the Roses. More's work, however, little mentions, the first Tudor king, perhaps for having persecuted his father, Sir John ...
Lord Macartney... Albert Hime, from Kilcoole in County Wicklow. Irish Cape Governors included, Lord Caledon and Sir John Francis Cradock. Irish settlers were brought i ...
Pieter Oud... e Comité-Oud, a group of liberal members of the Labour Party (PvdA), led by. The liberals within the PvdA were primarily members of the pre-war socia ...
William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire... Savile, and daughter, Charlotte, inherited the house. Charlotte had marriedin 1748. Charlotte died in December 1754 and Lady Burlington died in Septe ...
King George V... ed in the town – and it was used as a troop staging area. In September 1915and Queen Mary visited. After the war the Great Western Railway launched a ...
Maximilian II... ves largely converted to Lutheranism, which Ferdinand I and his successors,, Rudolf II, and Mathias largely tolerated
The Prince of Wales... do on the city's southwestern end that hold annual polo and special events.and Sarah, Duchess of York were seen in the polo clubs
Walter Scott... rslie, by Blind Harry. Wallace is also the subject of literary works by Sirand Jane Porter and of the Academy Award winning epic film Braveheart
Cardinal Richelieu... al authority decayed in the coures of the Thirty Years' War, Chief Ministerurged the occupation of the duchy in 1641. France again had to vacate it a ...
Albrecht von Wallenstein... ion. In order to muster an imperial army to continue the war, he applied to, one of the richest men in Bohemia: the latter accepted on condition that ...
Simon de Montfort... s of the Capetian mainly from Ile de France and the north of France, led by, against the nobility of Toulouse led by Count Raymond VI of Toulouse and ...
Henry IV of England... bowstaves to England was in 1294. In 1350 there was a serious shortage, andordered his royal bowyer to enter private land and cut yew and other woods ...
Albert IV, Duke of BavariaThe marriage of his daughter Kunigunde of Austria to, was another result of intrigues and deception, but must be counted as a ...
Duke of NormandyVictorious at the Battle of Hastings on 14 October 1066, the invading, William the Conqueror, spent the rest of the year securing his holdings, ...
Charles II of England... Fundamental Orders, Connecticut was granted governmental authority by Kingthrough the Connecticut Charter of 1662
Geoffrey, Count of Nantes#(1 June 1134 Rouen- 26 July 1158 Nantes) died unmarried and was buried in ...
Antwerp... loyed in attacks against strategic points in Belgium, primarily the port of
Edward Heath... 1974 general election when Harold Wilson was appointed Prime Minister afterresigned the post following his failure to form a coalition. Although Wils ...
Henry II of England#(1133–1189
Alfonso... and the successful defense against a French crusade; his son and successor("the Generous") conquered Minorca; and Peter's second son James II, who f ...
Princess Hélène... that Alexander III was angling for a bigger catch for his son, someone like, the tall dark-haired daughter of Philippe, comte de Paris, pretender to ...
Joachim MuratMeanwhile in Italy,, whom the Allies had allowed to remain King of Naples after Napoleon's in ...
Ingerman... ian emperor Louis the Pious and his wife Ermengarde of Hesbaye, daughter ofthe duke of Hesbaye. On several occasions, Lothair led his full-brothers P ...
Legolas... ing, keeping watch over Isengard with Merry and Pippin as Théoden, Gandalf,, Gimli, and Aragorn arrive to pick up the two hobbits
Sun King... restoration and maintenance at Versailles undoubtedly surpass those of the
Marquess of Lorne... een Victoria, Victoria Regina, by her daughter Princess Louise, wife of the, then the Governor General of Canada
Harold Wilson... ung parliaments. The first followed the February 1974 general election whenwas appointed Prime Minister after Edward Heath resigned the post followin ...
John Rushworth Jellicoe... main base of the British Grand Fleet, even though it was also unfortified., admiral of the Grand Fleet, was constantly nervous about potential subma ...
J. L. Lagrange... for examination at Toulouse, he astounded his examiner by his knowledge of
Princess Louise... It was named in 1882 after Queen Victoria, Victoria Regina, by her daughter, wife of the Marquess of Lorne, then the Governor General of Canada
James II... uccessor Alfonso ("the Generous") conquered Minorca; and Peter's second son, who first acceded to the throne of Sicily and then succeeded his older b ...
Peter II the Catholic... and the family Trencavel that, as allies and vassals of the king of Aragon, invoked direct involvement in the conflict at the Aragonese monarch, who ...
Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton... ffluent young English women. Nightingale was courted by politician and poet, but she rejected him, convinced that marriage would interfere with her a ...
Albert II of Belgium... mittee on European Affairs - African rap in Belgium - Albert I of Belgium -- Alfa Papa Tango - Alken - Alle maten - Alles Kan Beter - Alveringem - An ...
Philip II of Spain... mpton Court that Queen Mary I (Henry's eldest daughter) retreated with Kingto spend her honeymoon, after their wedding at Winchester. The marriage wa ...
Edward I of England... 05, Wallace was captured in Robroyston near Glasgow and handed over to King, who had him hanged, drawn, and quartered for high treason and crimes aga ...
Hugh XI of Lusignan#(1221–1250), Count of La Marche and Count of Angoulême. Married Yolande de ...
Archduke Ferdinand of Austria... Society of Jesus began to make its influence felt, and the Jesuit-educated, who ruled over Styria, Carinthia, and Carniola before becoming Holy Roma ...
Alfonso VFerdinand's successor,("the Magnanimous"), promoted a new stage of expansion, this time over the ...
John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough... , not love, Sarah enjoyed an unusually close relationship with her husband,, whom she married in 1677. Sarah acted as Anne's agent after the latter's ...
Henry II of France... rice of Saxony by the Treaty of Chambord ceded the Three Bishoprics to Kingin turn for his support
Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester... who would marry firstly William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke; and secondly, by whom she had issue
Charles the Bold# 1477 Mary of Burgundy (1457–1482), daughter of Duke of Burgundy# 1494 Bianca Maria Sforza (1472–1510), daughter of Duke of Milan Galeazzo ...
Alexander Haig... ime to Heal, Ford wrote about a meeting he had with Nixon's Chief of Staff,. Haig was explaining what he and Nixon's staff thought were Nixon's only ...
Zenobia... rn provinces of the empire, the so-called "Palmyrene Empire" ruled by Queenfrom the city of Palmyra. Zenobia had carved out her own empire, encompass ...
Oskar Schindler... hop, and learning that he was a novelist, showed him his extensive files on. Keneally was interested, and Pfefferberg became an advisor for the book, ...
King George II... of Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange, eldest daughter of British. However, under the British Act of Settlement, Prince Willem-Alexander fo ...
Viscount Melbourne... otorious Lady Caroline Lamb, lover of Lord Byron and wife of Prime Minister. The film was written and directed by Robert Bolt and starred his wife, S ...
Tsar Alexander III... ll come true." Alix reciprocated his feelings. At first, Nicholas's father,, refused the prospect of marriage
Maeterlinck, MauriceMaarkedal - Maaseik - Maasmechelen - Maddens Doctrine -- Magritte, René - Maingain, Olivier - Maldegem - Malle - Malmedy massacre ...
Ras Mengesha Yohannes... alians expected disaffected potentates like Negus Tekle Haymanot of Gojjam,, and the Sultan of Aussa to join them; instead, all of the ethnic Tigraya ...
Mary of Burgundy# 1477(1457–1482), daughter of Duke of Burgundy Charles the Bol
John Finch... ered a parliamentary adjournment on 10 March, members held the Speaker, Sir, down in his chair so that the dissolving of Parliament could be delayed ...
Dave GrohlMany notable rock drummers have been influenced by Keith Moon, including, Neil Peart, Tommy Lee, Peter Criss, and Brad Wilk
Bob Hope... ure as the Biblical strongman. However, following her comedic turn oppositein My Favorite Spy (1951), her career went into decline. She appeared only ...
Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery... en travelling on the Continent, through his freemasonry, through his cousin, through Bishop Atterbury, through Dr Drake (the Jacobite historian of Yo ...
Bertrand Russell... had a solid empirical basis for our modern concepts of atoms and molecules.states that they just hit on a lucky hypothesis, only recently confirmed b ...
Humphry Davy... , but instead must be prepared from its compounds; it was first isolated byin 1807 by the electrolysis of sodium hydroxide. Sodium is the sixth most ...
King Henry VIIIAs secretary and personal adviser to, More became increasingly influential in the government, welcoming foreig ...
Bernard Miles... e, and actors Valentine Dyall, Dick Emery, Kenneth Connor, Dennis Price and. The traditional plots involved Grytpype-Thynne and Moriarty getting Nedd ...
Queen Mary... nd it was used as a troop staging area. In September 1915 King George V andvisited. After the war the Great Western Railway launched an advertising c ...
William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke# Eleanor (1215–1275), who would marry firstly; and secondly Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, by whom she had i ...
Charles I of England... and his servant, Baldrick, are the last two men loyal to the defeated King(played by Stephen Fry, portrayed as a soft-spoken, ineffective, slightly ...

False Positives:

Anchor TextPreceeding ContextFollowing Context
Edward Leigh... trength. The CPS was founded in 1981. Its main activists were Julian Lewis,and Francis Holihan
Marie Antoinette... gicomedy Elizabethtown (2005). She played the title role in Sofia Coppola's(2006) and starred in the comedy How to Lose Friends & Alienate People (20 ...
James Bruce... , Granger (1731), Frederick Louis Norden (1737–38), Richard Pococke (1738),(1769), Charles-Nicolas-Sigisbert Sonnini de Manoncourt (1777), William Ge ...
Theodoric I... vitus, and Attila's continued westward advance, convinced the Visigoth king(Theodorid) to ally with the Romans. The combined armies reached Orléans a ...
Alfonso II... s King of Asturias from 842 until his death. Son of Bermudo I, he succeeded
Josiah Wedgwood... n of a British horticultural society was suggested by John Wedgwood (son of) in 1800. His aims were fairly modest: he wanted to hold regular meetings ...
Lady Elizabeth... assing of the Third Succession Act in 1543 that restored both Lady Mary andto the line of succession to the throne
Southwell... hands of the Scottish Presbyterian army at Newark, and was taken to nearbywhile his "hosts" decided what to do with him. The Presbyterians finally a ...
pre-Raphaelite... e Coronation window is in the north aisle above the Triptych painted by theEdward Fellowes Prynne. His brother George Fellowes Prynne carved the Rere ...
King of Italy... alliance after the annexation of Genoa and the proclamation of Napoleon ason 17 March 1805. Sweden, which had already agreed to lease Swedish Pomera ...
Artois... eign legion fought in many critical battles on the Western Front, including, Champagne, Somme, Aisne, and Verdun (in 1917), and also suffered heavy c ...
Lord Chamberlain... t US$450 million in 2010, but no official figure is available. In 1993, thesaid estimates of £100 million were "grossly overstated". Jock Colville, w ...
Henri... rmer Princess Aymone de Faucigny-Lucinge. Their children are: Valérie-Anne,(Edmond Marie Valéry), Louis (Joachim Marie François) and Jacinte (Marguer ...
Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne... marriage partner. Henrietta eventually married Thomas Pelham-Holles, first, in April 1717, and the rest of Sarah's grandchildren went on to make suc ...
Thomas Hardy... nd a slug of rum added under the counter, plays a major role in the plot of's novel The Mayor of Casterbridge. It is also mentioned in Lewis Carroll' ...
Philip... ek city-states were, in some scholars' opinions, united under the banner of's and Alexander the Great's pan-Hellenic ideals, though others might gene ...
Lord Mayor of London... fe, Margaret Bowett, and widow, firstly of Nicholas Wyfold (1420–1456), theand, secondly, of Sir John Norreys (1400–1466), Keeper of the Wardrobe. Th ...
Alexander IIIWhen Wallace was growing up, Kingruled Scotland. His reign had seen a period of peace and economic stabilit ...
Count of BoulogneEustace III succeeded asin 1087
Eleanor... us. Philip insisted that John hand over Arthur of Brittany, Arthur's sister, and renounce all of his continental possessions before the French king w ...
Catherine Howard... belonging to Catherine Parr and the cameo beads appear to have belonged to, from whom they would have passed to her successor as queen
Jacques I... French revolution imposed on them". It was later renamed Port-au-Prince by, emperor of Haïti. When Haiti was divided between a kingdom in the north ...
Charles II... XIV, king of France. In 1685, after the death of Charles Louis' son Elector, Louis XIV laid claim to his sister-in-law's inheritance. The Germans rej ...
Peter Thellusson... unded, with another Genevese, the famous bank of Thellusson, Necker et Cie.(also known as Pierre Thellusson) superintended the bank in London (his so ...
Henry... d, later on, sign the Declaration of Independence. His grandson, also named(1770–1846), had a long career in politics. He was Governor of South Carol ...
Christian Wolff... ers who have written for theremin include Bohuslav Martinů, Percy Grainger,, Joseph Schillinger, Moritz Eggert, Iraida Yusupova, Jorge Antunes, Vladi ...
Charles... new investors to acquire a land grant for the territory roughly between theand Merrimack Rivers. First styled the New England Company, it was renamed ...
William IIWilliam I was succeeded by two of his sons:, then Henry I. Henry made a controversial decision to name his daughter M ...
RA... o scan the LMC for X-rays. The first discrete X-ray source in Dorado was atDec , and it was the Large Magellanic Cloud. This X-ray source extended ov ...
Cosimo de' Medici... llace Collection. This weapon is engraved with the personal coat of arms of, Duke of Florence
Paolo Giordano... y. Prime numbers are used as a metaphor for loneliness and isolation in thenovel , in which they are portrayed as "outsiders" among integers
Baldwin III... riarch in Antioch. When Manuel came to Antioch later that year to meet with, King of Jerusalem, Raynald was forced to lead Manuel's horse into the ci ...
Henri I... 06. The country was then divided between a kingdom in the north directed by; and a republic in the south directed by Alexandre Pétion, an homme de co ...
James Stephen... ned with prominent new members such as Zachary Macaulay, Henry Brougham and. In June 1804, Wilberforce's bill to abolish the slave trade successfully ...
Renée... milio. Estevez also starred in the movie alongside his father. His daughterhad a supporting role in The West Wing, as one of President Josiah Bartlet ...
King Henry I... nes, created 1st Baron de Louis Dessalines on 8 April 1811, aide-de-camp to, Privy Councilor, Secretary-General of the Ministry of War between 1811 a ...
Guy of Lusignan... ncess Sybilla, sister of Baldwin IV, crowned herself queen and her husband,, king
Daumantas... e midst of these events Mindaugas' wife Morta died, and he took her sister,' wife, as his own. In retaliation, Daumantas and Treniota assassinated Mi ...
Michelangelo... ly Renaissance, the Sibyls were also represented in publicly available art.fixed our image of the sibyls forever, in his powerful representations of ...
Eilika... ried Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria, a member of the House of Welf; his daughtermarried Otto, Count of Ballenstedt, a member of the Ascanian House. As a c ...
Malcolm... tle at the hands of Macbeth, who was killed himself in 1057 by Duncan's son. The following year, after killing Macbeth's stepson Lulach, Malcolm asce ...
Franz Ferdinand... early 2000s, several alternative rock bands emerged, including The Strokes,, Interpol, and The Rapture that drew primary inspiration from post-punk a ...
Miles Stapleton... s" (an ancient Germanic tribe). Oliver Ingham lived here and his son-in-lawof Bedale, Yorkshire, inherited jure uxoris
Duke of Queensberry... berry was dismissed from court for enlisting subscribers in the palace. Thegave Gay a home, and the duchess continued her affectionate patronage unti ...
Henry Lee... middle names, such as Steven N. S. Cheung, or simply use English names like. On official records such as the Hong Kong Identity Cards, family names a ...
Earl of Ross... t against the English at the Battle of Dunbar (1296) where their chief, thewas captured. This meant that for a short time Uilleam II, Earl of Ross si ...
Sadi Carnot... e universe into question. Drawing upon the engineering theory of Lazare and, and Émile Clapeyron; the experimentation of James Prescott Joule on the ...
Sir Charles Arden-Clarke... James. Nkrumah was released from prison on 12 February and was summoned by, the Governor, and asked to form a government on the 13th. The new Legisl ...
Wilhelmina... year later, Queen Emma gave birth to their daughter and the royal heiress,
Lothair... for his succession, but Hugh Capet appointed Arnulf, an illegitimate son ofinstead. Arnulf was deposed in 991 for alleged treason against the King, a ...
Henry... mpany. Winthrop was also aware of attempts to colonize other places—his sonbecame involved in efforts to settle Barbados in 1626, which Winthrop fina ...
Archbishop of YorkThomas Wolsey,, Chief Minister and favourite of Henry VIII, took over the site of Hampto ...
Lord Chamberlain... es of Polly Peachum in the West Indies; its production was forbidden by the, no doubt through the influence of Walpole. This act of "oppression" caus ...
Chief Rabbi... as pressure from institutions and people such as Dr. Chaim Weizmann and theof Mandatory Palestine, Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog did not reduce his sentence. ...
Charles... Wesley, a fellow there from 1726, held religious meetings with his brotherand the rest of Wesley's 'Holy Club', whom the rest of the university took ...
George CanningIn 1827, after a rapid decline in health, Tory Prime Ministerdied in the same room where Charles James Fox had died in 1806
Marie Antoinette... l in Romeo and Juliet (1936) (her first film of the 30's to lose money) and(1938) (a budget of almost $2,500,000 was too great for the studio to expe ...
Robert StuartAmerican Fur Company partnerled a small group of men back east to report to Astor. The group planned t ...
John Carey... positive view of his work became widely accepted. The noted English criticwas a major influence on his rehabilitation. He praises him in his 1992 bo ...
Gordon Campbell... , but failed to meet the required "supermajority" threshold of 60%. Premierannounced due to the large support shown for electoral reform a second ref ...
Duke of Somerset... f her husband, including one from her old enemy, Charles Seymour, the sixth. Ultimately, she decided against remarriage, preferring to keep her indep ...
Francis French... and spaceflight in the 2007 book Into That Silent Sea by Colin Burgess and, including interviews with Tereshkova and her colleagues
Theodoric II... m, probably praesentalis; Maximus sent Avitus in an embassy to the court of, who had succeeded to his father, at Toulouse: this embassy probably conf ...
Countess of Pembroke... ther, William, later 1st Marquess of Northampton, and a sister, Anne, later. Sir Thomas was Sheriff of Northamptonshire, Master of the Wards, and Com ...
Mary... ctrinal policies about purgatory, particular judgment, Catholic devotion to, "The Mother of God", the intercession of and devotion to the saints, mos ...
Joseph... , Jacob's first and only daughter. God remembered Rachel, who gave birth toand Benjamin. If pregnancies of different marriages overlapped, the twelve ...
King Abdullah... ian revolution in 1935 which led him and his followers in rebellion againstof Jordan. And later at 1937, when they were forced to leave Jordan, Princ ...
Jimmy James... oosely inspired by the song "A Man Like Me" by the 1960s British soul groupand the Vagabonds
Lord Chamberlain... te Secretary to the Sovereign is always appointed to the Council, as is the, the Speaker of the House of Commons, and the Lord Speaker
Jean-Baptiste Colbert... and for the crops. The French-enacted Code Noir ("Black Code"), prepared byand ratified by Louis XIV, had established rules on slave treatment and pe ...
Duchy of Normandy... ouen and the area of present-day Upper Normandy to Rollon, establishing the. In exchange, Rollon pledged vassalage to Charles in 940, agreed to be ba ...
Charles Stanley... th Carolinian Billy Graham (whom he considered a personal hero), as well as, Pat Robertson, and Jerry Falwell, whose Liberty University dedicated its ...
Henry Thornton... l reformers who lived around the Common. They included William Wilberforce,and Zachary Macaulay, father of the historian Thomas Macaulay, as well as ...
Charles Barney... ciation included several of the era's top players, such as: Ed Abbaticchio,, Alf Bull, Jack Gass, Walter Okeson, Harry Ryan, Doggie Trenchard, Eddie ...
Queen's... Meighen into civilian life were: Robert Borden, who served as Chancellor ofand McGill Universities, as well as working in the financial sector; Leste ...
Queen Margaret... e Lancastrians and the Yorkists. With the mental collapse of King Henry VI,used the Duchy of Lancaster lands in the Midlands, including Kenilworth, a ...
Garret Wesley... enry II. The surnames "Wesley" was adopted from a childless wealthy cousin,. In 1728, Wellington's patrilineal grandfather Richard Colley, a landlord ...
Cosimo de' Medici... or all residents though, among whom there were great disparities in wealth.was the first Medici family member to essentially control the city from be ...
Thatcherism... from the party. As of the late 2000s, the party has also been influenced by, particularly with Siv Jensen becoming party leader
William... he had a daughter, Anna-Jane, with the writer Amber Reeves, whose parents,and Maud Pember Reeves, he had met through the Fabian Society; and in 1914 ...
Anne Murray... tal Shawanda, Dean Brody, Shane Yellowbird Chad Brownlee, The Road Hammers,, and Prairie Oyster and The Higgins
Antwerp... rg. It is where the three Belgian provinces of Limburg, Flemish Brabant andmeet at the front gate of the Averbode Abbey. The municipality Tessenderlo ...
Joseph... oung child, who remained with Jacob when the older brothers plotted against
Mary of Scotland... Boulogne. He soon returned to Europe to administer his domains. He married, daughter of King Malcolm III of Scotland, and Saint Margaret of Scotland ...
Charles Napier... r 26, 1977, on NBC. The show starred Rod Taylor, Tony Becker, Darleen Carr,, and Ken Swofford. Although it was canceled after six episodes, the remai ...
Renée... ree sons and a daughter, all of whom are actors: Emilio, Ramón, Carlos, and. All but one decided to keep their own names when they began acting - Car ...
Louis IILothair's kingdom was divided between his three sons—the eldest,, received Italy and the title of emperor; the second, Lothair II, receive ...
Alexander III... s succeeded by his son Alexander II. Alexander II, as well as his successor, attempted to take over the Western Isles, which were still under the ove ...
Henry Thornton... rs of the so-called Clapham Sect, among whom was his best friend and cousin. Holding evangelical Christian convictions, and consequently dubbed "the ...
Bligh... d Aitutaki around AD 900. The first known European contact was with Captainand the crew of the HMS Bounty when they discovered Aitutaki on April 11, ...
Charles Kennedy... sh actor Brian Cox, CBE. The current Rector of the University of Glasgow isMP, former leader of the Liberal Democrats and a former President of the G ...
the Queen... her ministers in cabinet, is appointed by the governor general on behalf of. However, by the conventions of responsible government, designed to maint ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower... ass steam locomotive No. 4496 (renumbered 60008) Golden Shuttle was renamedin 1946. It is preserved at the National Railroad Museum in Green Bay, Wis ...
Thomas RoeBut relations between the did turn tense in the year 1617 when Sirthe Elizabethan diplomat warned the Mughal Emperor Jahangir that if the yo ...
Herbert Cozens-Hardy... , Liberal MP for Ipswich, and powerful orator. His maternal grandfather was, the Liberal MP for North Norfolk who became both the Master of the Rolls ...
George Onslow... ritten from roughly the same period include those by Johann Nepomuk Hummel,, Jan Ladislav Dussek, Louise Farrenc, Ferdinand Ries, Franz Limmer, Johan ...
Duke of Braganza... he became Prince of Brazil as the king's heir-apparent, as well as the 11th
Diana Prince... either round, Harold Lloyd style glasses or 1970s style bug-eye glasses as
Baldwin II... Alexios Strategopoulos captured Constantinople from its last Latin Emperor,. Michael VIII entered the city on 15 August and had himself crowned toget ...
Napoléon... event in this context was Kevin Brownlow's 1980 restoration of Abel Gance's(1927), featuring a score by Carl Davis. Brownlow's restoration was later ...
Philip II... and satrap under Alexander the Great. During his early life he served under, and he was a major figure in the Wars of the Diadochi after Alexander's ...
Hilderic(523–530) was the Vandal king most tolerant towards the Catholic Church. H ...
A comic opera... changes through the course of several monarchs from Charles II to George I.covers a later period in 18th century history, while a film set in Bray, C ...
Charles... tle of emperor; the second, Lothair II, received Lotharingia; the youngest,, received Provence
James Hepburn... ish language and American culture in a private school run by the missionary(the forerunner of Meiji Gakuin University, and went abroad with a son of ...
Robert IIDavid II died childless in 1371 and was succeeded by his nephewof the House of Stuart. The reigns of both Robert II and his successor, Ro ...
High Commissioner... e Royal Navy, the British Army, and the Royal Air Force), accredits Britishs and ambassadors, and receives diplomats from foreign states
Alexander I... al reform was inaugurated by Queen Margaret and carried through by her sonsand David I. Gradually the whole position passed into the hands of Thurgot ...
EdwardianThe Gorleston Pavilion (Gorleston) is an originalbuilding with a seating capacity of 300, situated on the Norfolk coast. Th ...
Double Jay... d in late 1974, and Australia's first non-commercial all-rock radio station, which opened in January 1975. Hard rock band AC/DC and harmony rock grou ...
George FitzGerald... iction of what is now known as Cherenkov radiation, and inspired his friendto suggest what now is known as the Lorentz-Fitzgerald contraction
Richard II... seasons at the Old Vic Theatre from 1929 to 1931 where his performances asand Hamlet were particularly acclaimed, the latter being the first Old Vic ...
Earl Marshal... as Earl of Arundel, the premier earl. The Duke of Norfolk is, moreover, theand hereditary Marshal of England. The seat of the Duke of Norfolk is Arun ...
Hume... s a metaphysician he starts from what he terms the higher scepticism of the-Kantian sphere of thought, the beginnings of which he discerns in Locke's ...
Sir Rowland Hill... ho can be said to have changed the face of the postal service forever it is, with his reforms of the postal system based on the concept of penny post ...
Duchy of Vasconia... l role as a major urban centre on the fringes of the newly founded Frankish
FergieIn October 2009, Jagger and U2 performed "Gimme Shelter" (withand will.i.am) and "Stuck in a Moment You Can't Get Out Of" at the 25th An ...
MargaretA controversial reform was inaugurated by Queenand carried through by her sons Alexander I and David I. Gradually the who ...
Richard IV... , made in 1983, was called The Black Adder (set in the fictional reign of ''). This was followed by a second series, Blackadder II (1986) set during ...
Alexander II... needed for the Crusades. William died in 1214, and was succeeded by his son. Alexander II, as well as his successor Alexander III, attempted to take ...
Nantes... defeated by the betrothal of Anne to Maximilian of Austria, he surrenderedto the French in 1486
William... tawatomi Indians deeded the island to prominent Detroit merchants, brothersand Alexander Macomb. Although the Potawatomi Indians, like most Native Am ...
Westmorland... Catherine Neville at the Strickland's family residence of Sizergh Castle in(now Cumbria). Parr was not only related to Neville by blood, but also by ...
Hugh CairnsAnterior cingulotomy was first used byin the UK, and developed in the US by H.T. Ballantine jnr. In recent decad ...
Lord of the Isles... female line, and that later led to dispute between two rival claimants—theand the Duke of Albany. This resulted in the Battle of Harlaw 1411, where ...
Liu Ying... who was later instated as Prince of Zhao. Gaozu felt that the crown prince(his eldest son) was an unsuitable heir to his throne. He tried several ti ...
Richard II... ctions (and in the 1991 film Prospero's Books), as well as in other roles -in three productions, Benedick in Much Ado About Nothing which he first pl ...
Lord Clarendon... s. Shipbuilding peaked in the 1850s, marked in 1851 by the full rigged ship, the largest wooden ship ever built in Cape Breton
Earl of Chatham... ial bequests to rising Whig ministers such as William Pitt, later the first, and Philip Stanhope, the fourth Earl of Chesterfield. Although she left ...
Constantine II... the Holy Apostles there. He was succeeded by his three sons born of Fausta,, Constantius II and Constans. A number of relatives were killed by follow ...
James Ogilvy... several Christian royal houses, such as the cases of Simeon of Bulgaria or
Albert... ermann's elder siblings were Karl, Olga, and Paula; his younger brother was. At the time Göring was born, his father was serving as consul general in ...
Henry V... tastical Don Quixote and the carousing Sir John Falstaff. In just one play,, Shakespeare provides a whole range of military characters, from cool-hea ...
John Gregson... by director-writer team of Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, starring, Anthony Quayle and Peter Finch. In the United States the film was retitl ...
Nathaniel ClementsThe original house was designed by park ranger and amateur architect,in the mid eighteenth century. It was bought by the administration of the ...
Adele... uke's death Lismore remained substantially unaltered. Fred Astaire's sisterlived in the castle after marrying the Lord Charles Cavendish, a son of th ...
Louis II... ed his kingdom between his three sons in the Treaty of Prüm. To the eldest,, went Italy, with the imperial title. To the youngest, Charles, still a m ...
Cosimo de' Medici... of social importance. Following the example of Pomponio Leto in Rome and ofat Florence, Pontano founded an academy for the meetings of learned and di ...
Stuart... the role of chief minister and arranging a smooth transfer of power to theadministration under King James I. His daughter Anne became the first wife ...
Charles PriceIn 1989, U.S. Ambassadorand British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher dedicated a bronze statue of ...
Earl CadoganThe principal landowners in the area are the Duke of Westminster and. The two areas of aristocratic landholdings can be distinguished: red-bri ...
Louis... valleys of the Rhine and the Rhone. He soon ceded Italy to his eldest son,, and remained in his new kingdom, engaging in alternate quarrels and reco ...
Peter King... iddle-class coastal areas of southwestern Suffolk County, is represented by, a Republican
Fergie... zed Quart Festival 2009 includes world-famous stars, such as Ozzy Osbourne,, The Black Eyed Peas, Marilyn Manson and Placebo
Géza of HungaryHe was born as Vajk in the town of Esztergom. His father was Grand Prince; his mother was Sarolt, daughter of Gyula of Transylvania a Hungarian nob ...
Catherine Howard... he Howard family. Notable members of the Howard Family were Anne Boleyn and, second and fifth wives of Henry VIII. Both women were nieces of Thomas H ...
Admiral... Sir Henry Morgan (Harri Morgan in Welsh; ca. 1635 – 25 August 1688) was anof the Royal Navy, a privateer, and a pirate who made a name for himself d ...
Sahle Selassie... Sahle Selassie, who was an aunt of Emperor Menelik II and daughter of Negusof Shewa. As such, Haile Selassie claimed direct descent from Makeda, the ...
Sir Rowland Hill... n the United Kingdom on 1 May 1840, as a part of postal reforms promoted by. With its introduction, the postage fee was now to be paid by the sender ...
Ferdinand IOn the death of his half-brotherwithout a male heir in October 1383, strenuous efforts were made to secure ...
Joséphine... anyone about the upcoming battle because he did not want to disturb Empress. According to Frederick C. Schneid, the main concern of Napoleon was not ...
Henry Vane... the more conservative Thomas Dudley and the more liberal Roger Williams and. Although Winthrop was a respected political figure, his attitude toward ...
Viscount Falkland... arraigning the proceedings of the House," and letters with ciphers to Lordand the Lord Spencer. A joint order of both Houses remanded the party; and ...
John Savage... e right wing military. It stars James Woods, James Belushi, Michael Murphy,, Elpidia Carrillo, Tony Plana, Cynthia Gibb, Juan Fernandez and José Carl ...
Baldwin IVAmalric also died in 1174, leaving Jerusalem to his 13-year old son,. Although Baldwin suffered from leprosy, he was an effective and active m ...
John Burgoyne... initially supported the American Revolutionary War and sent troops to fight's British invasion from Quebec in battles at Hubbardton and Bennington in ...
Casimir III... centre of Poland back then. Because of its strategic location, in 1343 kingsigned there a peace treaty with the Teutonic Order. As a royal town, the ...
John Lind... al answer to the Declaration, but instead secretly commissioned pamphleteerto publish a response, which was entitled Answer to the Declaration of the ...
Philip II... Thebes, he brought home hostages, including the king's brother, afterwards. Philip learned there many tactics of the southern Greeks, both in politi ...
Hari Singh... ured the Khyber Pass, which connects Pakistan and Afghanistan. The death ofwas the only solace for the Afghans. After this, the death of Ranjit Singh ...
Cromwell... is only to be remembered because a body of 6,000 English infantry, sent byin pursuance of his treaty of alliance with Mazarin, took part in it. The ...
King Philip... son was ransomed upon Redemption Rock, now within the town of Princeton, by
William Ramsay... e continued his studies at University College, London, under Professors Sir, W. C. McC. Lewis, and F. G. Donnan, taking his B.Sc. degree in 1913. He ...
Francis Boyle... ion on 28 December 1935, but the treaty was never ratified, something whichattributes to a strong isolationist element in the US Senate, arguing that ...
Otto II... , succeeded him, but in 974 he became involved in a conspiracy against King. The rising occurred because the king had granted the duchy of Swabia to ...
George FitzGeraldMany physicists, including Woldemar Voigt,, Joseph Larmor, Hendrik Lorentz had been discussing the physics behind th ...
William Petty... mounts of trade data and used it extensively in their research and writing., a strong mercantilist, is generally credited with being the first to use ...
Padmavati... orned with a crown presented by Akasa Raja at the time of His marriage with. With these words Lord turned into stone form
Andrew I... ed for the crown. Nine years of instability followed until Stephen's cousinwas crowned King of Hungary in 1047 to re-establish the Árpád dynasty. Hun ...
Curzon... ished Polish state was shifted west to the area between the Oder-Neisse andlines, the Germans who had not fled were expelled. Of those who remained, ...
Jean-Baptiste Colbert... re introduced. The height of French mercantilism is closely associated with, finance minister for 22 years in the 17th century, to the extent that Fr ...
Tom Sawyer... ism. It is told in the first person by Huckleberry "Huck" Finn, a friend ofand narrator of two other Twain novels (Tom Sawyer Abroad and Tom Sawyer, ...
Alfonso II... postela placed the discovery of the relics of the saint in the time of king(791-842) and of bishop Theodemir of Iria. These traditions were the basis ...
Richard Bingham... reland, where it was used by English commanders such as Walter Devereux and. Its most infamous use was by Humphrey Gilbert during the wars against th ...
Marie Antoinette... 983, she was largely remembered at best for her "noble" roles in The Women,, and Romeo and Juliet. Shearer's legacy began to be re-evaluated in the 1 ...
Charles Pratt... "in trust" to nine Trustees: John and William Rockefeller, Oliver H. Payne,, Henry Flagler, John D. Archbold, William G. Warden, Jabez Bostwick, and ...
Urraca... of Le Goulet between Philip Augustus and John of England, Blanche's sisterwas betrothed to Philip's son, Louis. Their grandmother Eleanor of Aquitai ...
John Arbuthnot... isitor with Pope, and received unvarying kindness from William Congreve and. In 1727 he wrote for six year old Prince William, later the Duke of Cumb ...
Ram Singh... he concept of satyagraha, which had been inspired by the philosophy of Baba(famous for leading the Kuka Movement in the Punjab in 1872). In January 1 ...
William of Auvergne... science (as we call it today), including Grosseteste (who preceded Bacon),, Henry of Ghent, Albert Magnus, Thomas Acquinas, John Duns Scotus, and Wi ...
Belgian Official Journal... elgian National Geographic Institute - Belgian National Internet eXchange -- Belgian passport - Belgian Post Group - Belgian provincial and municipal ...
Polyxena... es' death is that he fell deeply in love with one of the Trojan princesses,. Achilles asks Priam for Polyxena's hand in marriage. Priam is willing be ...
Robert the Bruce... ted chevauchée raids over the enemy territory to damage its infrastructure.counselled using these operational methods to hold off the English King Ed ...
Cilix... had two brothers, Cadmus, who brought the alphabet to mainland Greece, andwho gave his name to Cilicia in Asia Minor, with the author of Bibliotheke ...
Stratonice... s and effected a reconciliation with Seleucus, to whom he gave his daughterin marriage. Athens was at this time oppressed by the tyranny of Lachares ...
The Prince... undiced eye on "la verita effetuale delle cose"the actual truth of thingsin, composed, humanist style, chiefly of parallel ancient and modern example ...
J.P. Morgan... s, like Lehman, were the least diversified and the ones that survived, like, were the most diversified. Moreover, GLB didn't deregulate anything. It ...
Edward Bates... circulation nationwide approached 300,000. In 1860 he supported the ex-Whigof Missouri for the Republican nomination for president, an action that we ...
García SánchezFerdinand was barely in his teens when, Count of Castile, was assassinated by a party of exiled Castilian noblem ...
Lord Chamberlain... mportant English soldier and commander in the Hundred Years' War, and laterof England. Alice Chaucer was a daughter of Thomas Chaucer, Speaker of the ...
Emeric... retire to a life of holy contemplation and hand the kingdom over to his son, but Emeric was wounded in a hunting accident and died in 1031. In Stephe ...
Duke of Somerset... nes" – she became more enthusiastic about its construction and wrote to theabout the new waterworks: "I believe it will be beautiful. The Canal and B ...
Louis the Younger... n Lotharingia but was defeated near Andernach by Louis. In 879 Louis's son,, was invited by a faction of the West Frankish nobility to succeed Louis ...
Countess Luise Henriette of Nassau... Prince of Orange. The King of Prussia was his grandson through his mother,. Frederick Henry in his will had appointed this line as successor in the ...
Lord of the Isles... ty in England, restored it to the heiress of line, the mother of Alexander,
Charles Theodore... ndreas Nicolaus Vetter, and two of Pachelbel's sons, Wilhelm Hieronymus and. The latter became one of the first European composers to take up residen ...
John Savage... her projects included the scoring of the soundtrack for The Mouse, starring
Charles Greville... Premier but he did not want to let his friends and party down. According to, Melbourne said to his secretary, Tom Young: "I think it's a damned bore. ...
Eric IVDuring the civil war betweenand his brother, Abel, Odense and the cathedral were burned down in 1247. ...
Maria Anna of BavariaHe was born at Graz, the son of Charles II, Archduke of Austria, and. He was educated by the Jesuits and later frequented the University of In ...
Mieszko I... nd a nation. The historically recorded Polish state begins with the rule ofin the second half of the 10th century. Mieszko chose to be baptized in th ...
Padmavati... y to the god Venkateshwara (a form of the god Vishnu) for his marriage with. In remembrance of this, the devotees going to Tirupati donate money, gol ...
Aspasia... the Roman senator and orator Cicero; and in Glory and the Lightning (1974),, mistress of the Athenian leader Pericles
Lord Shrewsbury... nd maintained constant contact with her lieutenant in the northern Marches,, over the complex and unstable situation with Scotland. It is thought tha ...
William Pitt... e. He made many friends, including the more studious future Prime Minister,. Despite his lifestyle and lack of interest in studying, he managed to pa ...
Henry VaughanSassoon was a great admirer of the Welsh poet. On a visit to Wales in 1923, he paid a pilgrimage to Vaughan's grave at ...
John of Burgundy... entury the county was surrounded on all parts by Burgundy's possessions and, an illegitimate son of John the Fearless, was made bishop. However what ...
Alexander III... e defeat of King Hákon Hákonarson at the Battle of Largs by troops loyal to. Godwinson was subsequently defeated within a month by another Viking des ...
Robert Stuart... time, his reports of the Yellowstone area were considered to be fictional.and a party of five men returning from Astoria discovered South Pass in 18 ...
Mozart... number of musical compositions that it has inspired, including settings by, Verdi, Dvořák, Fauré and Duruflé. Originally, such compositions were mea ...
John Louis... f human rights. These nominations included Alexander Haig, Chester Crocker,, and Lawrence Eagleburger, all of whom were confirmed regardless, whilst ...
Gottschalk... Eucharistic theology. Ratramnus was also known for his defense of the monk, whose theology of double predestination was the center of much controver ...
Lord of the Isles... was Alexander, 3rd Lord of the Isles. The earldom of Ross remained with theuntil that lordship was forfeited to the crown in 1476
John Evelyn... fonts for their classical books; he had these made in Holland. He assistedin his Numismata. Bentley did not settle down to the steady execution of a ...
George Canning... being the place of death of Charles James Fox in 1806. Tory Prime Ministeralso died there, in 1827
García... st, and the most reliable, charters name Sancho's sons in the order Ramiro,, Gonzalo, then Ferdinand. Three documents from the Cathedral of Pamplona ...
RA... lations Mensa and Dorado. LMC X-1 (the first X-ray source in the LMC) is atDec , and is a high mass X-ray binary source (HMXB). Of the first five lum ...
Casimir I... land. This was followed by a collapse of the monarchy and restoration under. Casimir's son Bolesław II the Bold became fatally involved in a conflict ...
Bolesław... ey wanted an eventual alliance with the only legitimate son of Władysław I,, born from his first marriage with the Bohemian princess
a woman... of Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health in which the family ofin a vegetative state sought to have her feeding tube removed so she would ...
Earl of Lonsdale... y Stuart (c. 1741 – 5 April 1824), who married James Lowther, later the 1st, on 7 September 1761
Richard II... ing a season of plays at the Queen's Theatre, presenting the aforementioned, The School for Scandal, Three Sisters, and The Merchant of Venice with a ...
Organa... uly 27, 1999, a digitally restored print of the film was released in DVD bythrough Geneon (Pioneer), and packaged with the documentary The Hollywood ...
Earl MarshalJohn Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk, KG,(b. between 1421 and 1430 – d. 22 August 1485) was an English nobleman, so ...
William Fitz Osbern... e first recorded execution took place at a site next to the stream in 1196., the populist leader of the poor of London was cornered in the church of ...
Duke of Northumberland#Lady Anne Stuart (born c. 1745), who married Lord Warkworth, later the 2nd, on 2 July 1764
Robert PalmerIn June 1992, Ken Olsen was replaced byas the company's president. Digital's board of directors also granted Palm ...
Earl of Warwick... afford. Latimer's branch of the Neville family was in line for the title ofand because of this, Lord Latimer, dealt with quite a bit of sibling rival ...
Cosimo de' Medici... o exercise over Western European thought in the high and later middle ages.attended these lectures and was inspired to found the Accademia Platonica ...
Phalaris... onies of Magna Graecia. It came to prominence under the 6th-century tyrantsand Theron, and became a democracy after the overthrow of Theron's son Thr ...
Earl of Salisbury... so gave it to Elizabeth's (and his own) chief minister Robert Cecil, First, in exchange for Theobalds which was the Cecils' family home. Cecil liked ...
Earl Spencer... he day of the funeral, Philip, William, Harry, Charles and Diana's brother,, walked through London behind her bier
Governor-General... Tortola under