Black Madonna of Częstochowa

Our Lady of CzęstochowaOur Lady of CzestochowaBlack MadonnaThe Black Madonna of CzęstochowaBlack Madonna of CzestochowaCzęstochowaMadonna of CzęstochowaBlack Madonna of Częstochowa paintingBlack Madonna paintingBlessed Virgin Mary of Częstochowa
The Black Madonna of Częstochowa (Czarna Madonna or Matka Boska Częstochowska, Imago thaumaturga Beatae Virginis Mariae Immaculatae Conceptae, in Claro Monte), also known as Our Lady of Częstochowa, is a venerated icon of the Blessed Virgin Mary housed at the Jasna Góra Monastery in Częstochowa, Poland.wikipedia
176 Related Articles

Częstochowa

Czestochowa28 – CzęstochowaChenstokhov
The Black Madonna of Częstochowa (Czarna Madonna or Matka Boska Częstochowska, Imago thaumaturga Beatae Virginis Mariae Immaculatae Conceptae, in Claro Monte), also known as Our Lady of Częstochowa, is a venerated icon of the Blessed Virgin Mary housed at the Jasna Góra Monastery in Częstochowa, Poland.
The city is known for the famous Pauline monastery of Jasna Góra, which is the home of the Black Madonna painting (Polish: Jasnogórski Cudowny obraz Najświętszej Maryi Panny Niepokalanie Poczętej), a shrine to the Virgin Mary.

Jasna Góra Monastery

Jasna GóraJasna GoraMonastery of Jasna Góra
The Black Madonna of Częstochowa (Czarna Madonna or Matka Boska Częstochowska, Imago thaumaturga Beatae Virginis Mariae Immaculatae Conceptae, in Claro Monte), also known as Our Lady of Częstochowa, is a venerated icon of the Blessed Virgin Mary housed at the Jasna Góra Monastery in Częstochowa, Poland. The oldest documents from Jasna Góra state that the picture travelled from Constantinople via Belz.
The image of the Black Madonna of Częstochowa, also known as Our Lady of Częstochowa, to which miraculous powers are attributed, is one of Jasna Góra's most precious treasures.

Icon

iconsicon paintingreligious icons
The Black Madonna of Częstochowa (Czarna Madonna or Matka Boska Częstochowska, Imago thaumaturga Beatae Virginis Mariae Immaculatae Conceptae, in Claro Monte), also known as Our Lady of Częstochowa, is a venerated icon of the Blessed Virgin Mary housed at the Jasna Góra Monastery in Częstochowa, Poland.
In later tradition the number of icons of Mary attributed to Luke would greatly multiply; the Salus Populi Romani, the Theotokos of Vladimir, the Theotokos Iverskaya of Mount Athos, the Theotokos of Tikhvin, the Theotokos of Smolensk and the Black Madonna of Częstochowa are examples, and another is in the cathedral on St Thomas Mount, which is believed to be one of the seven painted by St. Luke the Evangelist and brought to India by St. Thomas.

Luke the Evangelist

LukeSaint LukeSt. Luke
Its history prior to its arrival in Poland is shrouded in numerous legends which trace the icon's origin to St. Luke who painted it on a cedar table top from the house of the Holy Family.
Starting from the 11th century, a number of painted images were venerated as his autograph works, including the Black Madonna of Częstochowa and Our Lady of Vladimir.

Vladislaus II of Opole

Władysław OpolczykWładysław of OpoleWładysław II
Eventually it came into the possession of Władysław Opolczyk, Duke of Opole, and adviser to Louis of Anjou, King of Poland and Hungary.
As a gesture of reconciliation with the Church, Vladislaus founded the Pauline monastery of Our Lady at Jasna Góra in Częstochowa; also, the Duke brought the famous Black Madonna of Częstochowa, who according to oldest documents, travelled from Jerusalem, via Constantinople and Bełz, to finally reach Częstochowa in August 1382.

Belz

BełzBełskBelsk
The oldest documents from Jasna Góra state that the picture travelled from Constantinople via Belz.
Belz is also a very important place for Ukrainian Catholics and Polish Catholics as a place where the Black Madonna of Częstochowa (this icon was believed to have painted by St. Luke the Evangelist) had resided for several centuries until 1382, when Władysław Opolczyk, duke of Opole, took the icon home to his principality after ending his service as the Royal emissary for Halychyna for Louis I of Hungary.

National Shrine of Our Lady of Czestochowa

Our Lady of Czestochowa CemeteryOur Lady of Czestochowa, National Shrine ofAmerican Czestochowa
The American National Shrine of Our Lady of Czestochowa is located in Doylestown, Pennsylvania.
In 1953 a Polish Pauline monk, Father Michael M. Zembrzuski, purchased a tract of land near Doylestown with the intention of building a chapel dedicated to the Black Madonna of Częstochowa at Jasna Góra, Poland's most important religious icon, to reconnect Polish-Americans with their Polish Catholic roots.

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

Polish-Lithuanian CommonwealthPolandPolish
The Siege of Jasna Góra took place in the winter of 1655 during the Second Northern War, as the Swedish invasion of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth is known.
The two great religious cultures of the Commonwealth, Latin and Eastern Orthodox, coexisted and penetrated each other, which is reflected in the great popularity of icons (Pic. 13) and the icons resembling effigies of Mary, as well as the metal dresses typical of the Orthodox Church in the predominantly Latin territories of today's Poland (Black Madonna) and Lithuania (Our Lady of the Gate of Dawn).

Orthodox Church of the Icon of Our Lady of Częstochowa

Icon of Our Lady of Częstochowa
The Orthodox Church of the Icon of Our Lady of Częstochowa (Cerkiew Częstochowskiej Ikony Matki Bożej w Częstochowie) is an Eastern Orthodox church in Poland honoring the Icon of Our Lady of Częstochowa, considered to be one of the country's national symbols.

Our Lady of Sorrows, Queen of Poland

Our Lady of LicheńOur Lady of SorrowsOur Lady of Sorrows of Lichen, Queen of Poland
Along with the Black Madonna of Częstochowa, located in Częstochowa, southern Poland, the image is one of the two most venerated Marian images in Poland.

Ezili Dantor

Erzulie DantorDantoEzilí Dantor
The icon has been adopted as a depiction of Ezilí Dantor, the main loa of the Petro family in Haitian Vodou.
The syncretic modern representation of this lwa is commonly associated to the Black Madonna of Częstochowa, the patron saint of Poland.

Black Madonna Shrine, Missouri

Black Madonna ShrineBlack Madonna Shrine and GrottoBlack Madonna Shrine and Grottos
In 1937, Brother Bronislaus began clearing the thickly wooded land, built a cedar wood chapel and hung a portrait of the Black Madonna of Częstochowa above the altar.

Lwów Oath

This event led King John II Casimir Vasa to give what has become known as the Lwów Oath in which he submitted the Polish Commonwealth under the protection of Our Lady and proclaimed her Queen of Poland in the cathedral of Lwów on 1 April 1656.

Mary, mother of Jesus

Virgin MaryMaryBlessed Virgin Mary
The Black Madonna of Częstochowa (Czarna Madonna or Matka Boska Częstochowska, Imago thaumaturga Beatae Virginis Mariae Immaculatae Conceptae, in Claro Monte), also known as Our Lady of Częstochowa, is a venerated icon of the Blessed Virgin Mary housed at the Jasna Góra Monastery in Częstochowa, Poland.

Poland

PolishPOLRepublic of Poland
The Black Madonna of Częstochowa (Czarna Madonna or Matka Boska Częstochowska, Imago thaumaturga Beatae Virginis Mariae Immaculatae Conceptae, in Claro Monte), also known as Our Lady of Częstochowa, is a venerated icon of the Blessed Virgin Mary housed at the Jasna Góra Monastery in Częstochowa, Poland.

Pope Clement XI

Clement XIGiovanni Francesco AlbaniClementXI
Several Pontiffs have recognised the venerated icon, beginning with Pope Clement XI who issued a Canonical Coronation to the image on 8 September 1717 via the Vatican Chapter.

Canonical coronation

canonically crownedCanonical crowncanonically crown
Several Pontiffs have recognised the venerated icon, beginning with Pope Clement XI who issued a Canonical Coronation to the image on 8 September 1717 via the Vatican Chapter.

Hodegetria

Virgin HodegetriaIcon of the HodegetriaOur Lady of the Way
The Virgin Mary is shown as the "Hodegetria" ("One Who Shows the Way").

Fleur-de-lis

fleur-de-lysfleurs-de-lisfleur de lys
The icon shows the Madonna in fleur-de-lis robes.

Hussites

HussiteHussitismHussite movement
One difficulty in dating the icon is due in part to its original image being painted over after being badly damaged by Hussite raiders in 1430.

Middle Ages

medievalmediaevalmedieval Europe
Medieval restorers unfamiliar with the encaustic method found that the paints they applied to the damaged areas "simply sloughed off the image" according to the medieval chronicler Risinius, and their solution was to erase the original image and to repaint it on the original panel.

Encaustic painting

encausticencaustic methodEncaustic paint
Medieval restorers unfamiliar with the encaustic method found that the paints they applied to the damaged areas "simply sloughed off the image" according to the medieval chronicler Risinius, and their solution was to erase the original image and to repaint it on the original panel.

Aquiline nose

Roman noseaquilinehooked nose
The original features of an Orthodox icon were softened; the nose was made more aquiline.

Holy Family

Sacred FamilyThe Holy FamilyFeast of the Holy Family
Its history prior to its arrival in Poland is shrouded in numerous legends which trace the icon's origin to St. Luke who painted it on a cedar table top from the house of the Holy Family.