Boris (given name)
Boris, Borys or Barys (Bulgarian, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian: Борис; Belarusian: Барыс) is a male name of Bulgar origin. Nowadays, it is most widely represented in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Slovakia and Slovenia.
|Meaning||Wolf, Short, Snow Leopard, Famous Battle (Borislav) or Fame-Bright (Robert)|
|Region of origin||First Bulgarian Empire|
|Related names||Bob, Bobby (nicknames)|
A common theory is that this is a Bulgar language name. Its etymology is unclear. It may be derived from several Turkic words as böri – meaning "wolf", or from bogöri – which means "short", as well as from the word bars – i.e. "snow leopard". It can be used as a short form of the name Borislav, derived from the Slavic elements borti "battle" and slava "glory", "fame". Through the nickname "Bob" the name is often linked together with the name Robert, an ancient Germanic name meaning "fame-bright".
Boris is first found in written records in the case of the Bulgarian ruler Prince Boris I (852–889), who adopted Christianity in 864 AD and introduced it to his people. His name came to be known in Europe in relation to this particular act. Moreover, after his death in 907 AD he was proclaimed the first Bulgarian saint, and traces of his Orthodox sainthood during this period can be found as far away as Catholic Ireland. The Patriarchate of Constantinople recognized the canonization of St. Boris in 923 AD. However, Prince Boris was purportedly not a Slav. He descended from the Bulgars. Among the Bulgars the name was known in its two forms: Boris and Bogoris.
Boris started its worldwide spread with its adoption by Rus' Slavs from the First Bulgarian Empire. Bulgarian cultural missions intensified in the 10th century, during the reign of Tsar Petar and with them the spread of Bulgarian culture to what would become Ukrainian and Russian lands continued. It is speculated that the name of the Bulgarian saint Tsar Boris I reached the Rus in the late 10th century, likely during the reign of Boris II of Bulgaria (969–977), great-grandson of Boris I. In 967 the Byzantines instigated the Rus to attack the First Bulgarian Empire and it is probably around this campaign that the marriage of Vladimir I of Kiev to a Bulgarian noblewoman, who is assumed to be a daughter of Peter I, i.e., sister of Boris II, was arranged.
One of the sons of Vladimir I was given the name Boris. As evidenced by the Rus' Primary Chronicle, Boris and Gleb were sons of Vladimir I, born to him by the Bulgarian princess. During Vladimir's reign in 988 the conversion of the Kievan Rus' to Christianity took place. In this conversion, both ordinary priests and prelates from Bulgaria played a significant part. Also, with the adoption of the Byzantine calendar and the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar, the cult of St. Boris entered the Rus' Orthodox Church. In 1015, the princes Boris and Gleb were killed by their stepbrother Sviatopolk I of Kiev, who usurped the throne. Within a short time, Boris and Gleb were canonized and ever since, they have been the native soldier-saints most revered among the Ukrainians, Russians and Belarusians.
In addition to Kievan Rus the name Boris went over to other neighbours of Bulgaria as well. An example of this is the case of the Hungarian prince Boris Kalamanos (1112–1155), son of the Magyar king from his marriage with Euphtimia, daughter of the Kievan prince Vladimir II Monomakh. For a fairly long period men named Boris were found predominantly in the courts and among the nobility, but eventually the name became popular among all strata in the Russian Empire, including Siberia and Alaska. Eventually the name spread internationally within the last 50–75 years.
List of people with given name BorisEdit
- Boris Badenov, the main antagonist in the 1960s animated cartoons The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show
- Boris Bushkin, a character in the cartoon M.A.S.K. (TV series)
- Boris Drubetskoy, an army officer in Leo Tolstoy's epic novel War And Peace
- Boris Grishenko, Russian hacker working for terrorists in the James Bond movie GoldenEye
- Boris Grushenko, the main character in the film Love and Death, played by Woody Allen
- Boris Kropotkin, Jewish character in the television show Rugrats
- Boris Pavlikovsky, character in Donna Tartt's 2013 novel The Goldfinch
- Boris the Animal, main antagonist character in the science fiction film Men in Black 3
- Boris "the Blade" Yurinov, an arms dealer in the film Snatch
- "Boris the Spider", 1966 song by The Who
- Boris the wolf, a character from the episodic puzzle horror video game Bendy and the Ink Machine
- Boris, a redfish in the eponymous Italian TV series
- Boris, mightiest of the Warriors of Loathing in the Times of Old, from the internet game Kingdom of Loathing
- "Boris", song from The Melvins' 1991 album Bullhead that gave its name to the Japanese metal band
- Boris, the Borzoi in the Lady and the Tramp cartoon
- Boris, the father on the PBS Kids show Caillou
- Boris, the Russian goose in the Balto movies
- Boris, the Soviet army unit in strategy game Command & Conquer: Yuri's Revenge
- Boris, the villain from the Adventures of Tintin series' 1956 book The Calculus Affair
- Boris, Boris Tepes Dracula from the shaman king series Boris Tepes Dracula
- Васил Н. Златарски.История на Първото българско царство. Междудържавното положение на България и покръщането на българите.
- Проф. Веселин Бешевлиев (Издателство на Отечествения фронт, София 1981)
- Peter Golden, Turks and Khazars: Origins, Institutions, and Interactions in Pre-Mongol Eurasia, Volume 952, Ashgate / Variorum, 2010, ISBN 1409400034, p. 4.
- 1100 години от смъртта на княз Борис І. Христо Трендафилов.
- Boris – Name Meaning and Origin
- The etymology and history of first names.
- "OMDA, Околосветското пътешествие на името Борис". Archived from the original on 2016-11-15. Retrieved 2015-03-30.
- Материалы русской истории.Основные материалы для изучения русской истории.КИЕВСКИЙ КНЯЗЬ ЯРОСЛАВ ВЛАДИМИРОВИЧ.
- Киевская Русь и ее южные соседи. Киевская Русь и Болгария. Archived May 11, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- ПОКРЪСТВАНЕТО НА КИЕВСКА РУС И БЪЛГАРИТЕ, д-р Горан Благоев, БНТ.
- Святой благоверный и равноапостольный царь Борис Болгарский.
- "Princes Boris and Gleb: Proto-martyrs and Passion-Bearers of Old Russia". Archived from the original on 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2008-06-12.
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