Painting - The Battle of Pavia (1500-1525) - Royal Armouries collections
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Object Title

Painting - The Battle of Pavia

Painting - The Battle of Pavia

Date

1500-1525

Object Number

I.142

Provenance

Accepted in lieu of capital transfer tax and allocated to the Secretary of State for the Environment for display in the Armouries, Tower of London, on the death of Mrs. Eleanor Williams, widow of Dr. Richard Williams, 20 August, 1978: February, 1980. The painting was bought by Dr Williams at an anonymous sale at Christies; lot 56 in the sale of 1 March 1946. Originally from Stow Bardolph Hall, Norfolk.

Physical Description

Depicting the battle outside the walls of Pavia when the imperial forces under the Viceroy of Naples, and the Marquis of Pescara raised the siege monted by the French army under Francois I. Inscribed in the right hand corner:

EL GRANDE ASSEDIO FACTO ARAVIA DAE CHRISTIANE SSIMO S FRANCESCO RE DIFRANCIA FINALMENTE COME PIACQUE A DIO FV PRESSA SVA MAIESTA DALLO EXERCITO IMPERIALE QUESTO FV AVENTICINQUE DEL MESE DI FEBRARO 1521 (sic)

- The great siege mounted at avia by the most Christian Lord Francis King of France. At the end as it pleased God his Majesty was taken by the Imperial army. This happened on the twenty-fifth of the month of February 1521.

The city of Pavia, the river Ticino and the island of Gravalone are shown at the top right of the painting, the French camp and siege artillery and the sortie of the besieged garrison occupy the middle and left, while the foreground shows the encounter between the French and Imperial mounted men-at-arms in the park of Mirabella, with infantry and cavalry reinforcements coming in from the right. The main topographical features and participants are identified on white labels. Topographical sites identified include from top left-hand corner to bottom right: EL p (o) nte sopra/ Tesino cle ta/ gliorno li mer/ canti; Gravalone; Insula de Grabalone; San Lazar; La tores/ che fe foco/ In signo del/ soccorso; Murapelo; EL barcdi Rawa. Personages and groups identified include: Franzesi; Vice Re; EL gram Resoriere; EL Duca Loreno; C; grammastro; EL conte di Oiarva; Monsiur San Pole; Svizari; Monsiur Loscudier; ( ) RCID ( ) ID; Duca de borbon; Monsiur La tramoglia; El are re di Navarra; Larmiraio; SgaRegzo; Visconte; S Federico de bozol; EL marchese de L guasco; Elair Dalpeni; El Marchese di Peschiera; El Sirdala Paliza; Spagnoli et Italiani.

Featured in

Techniques

Painting

Materials

Dimensions

Dimensions: Height: 1181 mm (46.5 in.; width: 2076 mm (81.75 in.)

Inscriptions and Marks

Title
Inscribed in the right hand corner: EL GRANDE ASSEDIO FACTO ARAVIA DAE CHRISTIANE SSIMO S FRANCESCO RE DIFRANCIA FINALMENTE COME PIACQUE A DIO FV PRESSA SVA MAIESTA DALLO EXERCITO IMPERIALE QUESTO FV AVENTICINQUE DEL MESE DI FEBRARO 1521 (sic) - The great siege mounted at avia by the most Christian Lord Francis King of France. At the end as it pleased God his Majesty was taken by the Imperial army. This happened on the twenty-fifth of the month of February 1521.
Name
The main topographical features and participants are also identified on white labels. Topographical sites identified include from top left-hand corner to bottom right: EL p (o) nte sopra/ Tesino cle ta/ gliorno li mer/ canti; Gravalone; Insula de Grabalone; San Lazar; La tores/ che fe foco/ In signo del/ soccorso; Murapelo; EL barcdi Rawa. Personages and groups identified include: Franzesi; Vice Re; EL gram Resoriere; EL Duca Loreno; C; grammastro; EL conte di Oiarva; Monsiur San Pole; Svizari; Monsiur Loscudier; ( ) RCID ( ) ID; Duca de borbon; Monsiur La tramoglia; El are re di Navarra; Larmiraio; SgaRegzo [CHECK] Visconte; S Federico de bozol; EL marchese de L guasco; Elair Dalpeni; El Marchese di Peschiera; El Sirdala Paliza; Spagnoli et Italiani.

Associations

Bibliographic References

Catalogue of Old Pictures: The Property of E. J. Wythes, Esq', Christie, Manson & Woods Ltd....Friday March 1, 1946, p.7 (Lot 75)

Notes

There is a very similar painting, with the inscriptions in French, in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. For a comparison of this with I.142, see A. MacGregor ed., 'Tradescant's Rarities' Appendix I p318-325, pl. CXXXIV). Other paintings of the battle include those in the Kunsthistoriches Museum, Vienna (no.5660); Mational Museum, Stockholm, (no. NM 272); and the at Hampton Court, which formerly belonged to to Prince Henry (Stuart).

Thumbnail image of The Battle of Pavia, by an unknown artist. Oil on panel.
Thumbnail image of The Battle of Pavia, by an unknown artist. Oil on panel.
Thumbnail image of The Battle of Pavia, by an unknown artist. Oil on panel.
Thumbnail image of The Battle of Pavia, by an unknown artist. Oil on panel.
Thumbnail image of The Battle of Pavia, by an unknown artist. Oil on panel.
Thumbnail image of The Battle of Pavia, by an unknown artist. Oil on panel.
Thumbnail image of The Battle of Pavia, by an unknown artist. Oil on panel.