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Palmer, Willkomm-Höft, Wilseder Berg, Wingst (ridge), Winsen (Luhe), Wismut (mining company), Wittenberg, Wittenberg (district), Wittenberge, Wittenberge station, Wittenberge–Buchholz railway, Wittmoor bog trackway, Wolmirstedt, Wormsgraben, Wust, Saxony-Anhalt, XII Corps (United States), XIII Corps (United States), XXIX Tactical Air Command, XXXXVIII Panzer Corps, Zebra (ship), Zebra mussel, Zerbst, Zirkelstein, Zollenspieker Ferry, Zschirnsteine, Zschonerbach, Zwickauer Mulde, Zwinger (Dresden), Zyklon B, 102nd Infantry Division (United States), 116th Infantry Regiment (United States), 11th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 11th SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division Nordland, 12th Army (Wehrmacht), 1398, 13th Guards Rifle Division, 142nd Field Artillery Regiment, 157th (Highland Light Infantry) Brigade, 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, 15th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Latvian), 169th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 175th Infantry Regiment (United States), 1760, 1760 in Austria, 17th Armored Engineer Battalion, 181st Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, 1900 in Germany, 1945, 1945 in Germany, 1945 in the United States, 195th (Airlanding) Field Ambulance, 1st Belorussian Front, 1st Fallschirm-Panzer Division Hermann Göring, 1st Special Service Brigade, 1st The Royal Dragoons, 2002 European floods, 2003 European heat wave, 2006 European floods, 2009 European floods, 2013 European floods, 227th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 23rd Hussars, 278th Armored Cavalry Regiment, 29th Infantry Division (United States), 2nd Armored Division (United States), 2nd Belorussian Front, 3 BC, 303d Fighter Wing, 30th Infantry Division (United States), 30th U-boat Flotilla, 31st Rifle Division, 344th Moonlight Battery, Royal Artillery, 354th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 356th Rifle Division, 35th Infantry Division (United States), 35th Rocket Division, 35th SS-Police Grenadier Division, 36th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS, 3rd Armored Division (United States), 3rd Guards Army (Soviet Union), 3rd Parachute Brigade (United Kingdom), 404th Air Expeditionary Group, 413th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 42nd Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 49th Army, 49th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 4th Cavalry Regiment (United States), 4th Guards Tank Division, 4th Regiment of Line Infantry, 4th SS Polizei Panzergrenadier Division, 504th Infantry Regiment (United States), 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, 55th Fighter Squadron, 59th (Staffordshire) Divisional Engineers, 5th Armored Division (United States), 5th Guards Army, 5th Parachute Brigade (United Kingdom), 61st Rifle Corps, 623, 628th Tank Destroyer Battalion, 64th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Division (Soviet Union), 6th Airlanding Brigade (United Kingdom), 6th Infantry Division (Poland), 70th Fighter Wing, 747th Tank Battalion (United States), 75th Guards Rifle Division, 784, 785, 789, 793, 795, 797, 808, 82nd Airborne Division, 82nd Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, 83rd Infantry Division (United States), 84th Division (United States), 84th Fighter Wing (World War II), 89th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 8th Infantry Division (United States), 928, 936, 983, 986, 99th Guards Rifle Division, 9th Guards Army. 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Abbi (also Abbio) was a Saxon warrior who fought alongside Widukind.
The accession of the city state of Hamburg to the Customs Union in 1888 (along with Bremen) was the culmination of a project for the economic and monetary union of Germany, stretching back to 1819.
AD 11 (XI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
AD 17 (XVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
AD 7 (VII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Adalbert (also Adelbert or Albert; c. 1000 – 16 March 1072) was Archbishop of Hamburg and Bishop of Bremen from 1043 until his death.
Adelbold (died 208) was, according to 19th-century historians, the second Duke of Frisia, and is now considered a fictional ruler of Frisia.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Adolf I (died 13 November 1130) was the first Count of Schauenburg from 1106 and the second Count of Holstein from 1111.
Adolph IX, Count of Holstein-Kiel, also known as Adolph VII, (– 26 January 1390) was count of Holstein-Kiel and Holstein-Plön from 1359 until his death.
Adolph V, Count of Holstein-Segeberg (– 1308) was the ruling count of Holstein-Kiel from 1263 to 1273 and of Holstein-Segeberg from 1273 until his death.
The Affensteine are a long chain of deeply fissured rocks in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains that are located east of Bad Schandau in the German region of Saxon Switzerland.
The Imperial Agricultural League (Reichs-Landbund) or National Rural League was a German agrarian association during the Weimar Republic.
Ahoy or Ah Hoy() is a signal word used to call to a ship or boat, stemming from the Middle English cry, 'Hoy!'.
The Air Force of the Polish Army (Lotnictwo Wojska Polskiego), unofficially known as the People's Polish Air Force was the name of the Soviet-controlled Polish Air Force in the USSR between 1943 and 1947 created alongside the Polish People's Army (Ludowe Wojsko Polskie), a subordinate to the Red Army.
Aken (Elbe) is a town in the district of Anhalt-Bitterfeld in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Al Murray's Road to Berlin is a British documentary television series about World War II, presented by Al Murray.
The Aland is a river in the German states of Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt, left tributary of the Elbe.
The Albatross class were built as a class of eight 18-gun brig-sloops for the Royal Navy.
Albert II of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (died 14 April 1395) was Prince-Archbishop of Bremen in the years 1361–1395.
Albert the Bear (Albrecht der Bär; Adelbertus, Adalbertus, Albertus; 1100 – 18 November 1170) was the first Margrave of Brandenburg (as Albert I) from 1157 to his death and was briefly Duke of Saxony between 1138 and 1142.
Albia may refer to.
Albis, or Albiş, may refer to.
Albisaurus (meaning "Albis lizard") was once thought to be a genus of dinosaur, but is now thought to be a non-dinosaurian archosaur.
Alboin (530sJune 28, 572) was king of the Lombards from about 560 until 572.
Albrechtsberg Palace or Albrechtsberg Castle (Schloss Albrechtsberg) is a Neoclassical stately home above the Elbe river in the Loschwitz district of Dresden.
The Albrechtsburg is a Late Gothic castle that dominates the town centre of Meissen in the German state of Saxony.
Aleksandr Samoilovich Figner (Alexandre Figner, Алекса́ндр Само́йлович Фи́гнер) (1787—1813) was a colonel in the army of the Russian Empire, known as the organizer of partisan units during the 1812 Napoleonic invasion of Russia and later of Germany.
Aleksey Semenovich Zhadov (Алексе́й Семёнович Жа́дов), born with the surname "Zhidov" (Жи́дов), was a Soviet military officer in the Red Army, who during World War II commanded the 66th Army, later renamed the 5th Guards Army, from the Battle of Stalingrad up till the end of the war.
The Alemanni (also Alamanni; Suebi "Swabians") were a confederation of Germanic tribes on the Upper Rhine River.
Alexander Emil Ludovico Calandrelli (9 May 1834 – 26 May 1903) was a German sculptor of Italian descent.
Alfred Dieck (4 April 1906 in Schönebeck – 7 January 1989 in Bremen) was a German archaeologist internationally recognised for the scientific studies on bog bodies and bog finds.
The Aller is a long river in the states of Saxony-Anhalt and Lower Saxony in Germany.
Alliance 90/The Greens, often simply Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen or Grüne), is a green political party in Germany that was formed from the merger of the German Green Party (founded in West Germany in 1980 and merged with the East Greens in 1990) and Alliance 90 (founded during the Revolution of 1989–1990 in East Germany) in 1993.
The Allied Air Command (AIRCOM) is the central command of all NATO air forces and the Commander Allied Air Command is the prime air advisor to the Alliance.
Allied Forces Baltic Approaches (BALTAP) was a Principal Subordinate Command (PSC) of the NATO Military Command Structure, with responsibility for the Baltic Sea area.
Allied Forces Northern Europe (AFNORTH) was the northern Major Subordinate Command of NATO's Allied Command Europe (ACE), located at Kolsås outside Oslo.
Almuth Berger is a German Protestant pastor.
Nikolaus Alois Maria Vinzenz Negrelli, Ritter von Moldelbe (also: Louis Negrelli) (January 23, 1799 - October 1, 1858), was a Tyrolean civil engineer and railroad pioneer mostly active in parts of the Austrian Empire, Switzerland, Germany and Italy.
The Alster is a right tributary of the Elbe river in Northern Germany.
The Altenau is a small river that rises in the Elm in central Germany, northeast of Eitzum and discharges from the right into the Oker near Halchter, a district of Wolfenbüttel.
Altenburg is a city in Thuringia, Germany, located south of Leipzig, west of Dresden and east of Erfurt.
Altengamme located in the Bergedorf borough of the Free and Hanseatic city of Hamburg in northern Germany, is a rural quarter on the right bank of the Elbe river.
Altes Land is an area of reclaimed marshland straddling parts of Lower Saxony and Hamburg.
The Altmark (English: Old MarchHansard, The Parliamentary Debates from the Year 1803 to the Present Time..., Volume 32. 1 February to 6 March 1816, T.C. Hansard, 1816.. Article XXIII of the Final Act of the Congress of Vienna) is a historic region in Germany, comprising the northern third of Saxony-Anhalt.
Altona is the westernmost urban borough (Bezirk) of the German city state of Hamburg, on the right bank of the Elbe river.
is a quarter in Hamburg (Germany).
The Altona-Kiel Railway Company (Altona-Kieler Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft, AKE) was a joint-stock company, established under the law of Denmark in personal union with the Duchy of Holstein, that built and operated an 105 km railway line between Altona and the Baltic Sea port city of Kiel.
Altstadt's marketplace Coat of arms of Altstadt Altstadt (Senamiestis; Stare Miasto) was a quarter of central Königsberg, Germany.
Altstadt (literally: "Old town"), more precisely Hamburg-Altstadt – as not to be mistaken with Hamburg-Altona-Altstadt – is one of the inner-city districts of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, Germany.
Am Dobrock is a former Samtgemeinde ("collective municipality") in the district of Cuxhaven, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Amsel Falls (Amselfall) are a waterfall in Saxon Switzerland in East Germany, roughly a kilometre north of the famous Bastei crags.
Amt Neuhaus is a municipality in the District of Lüneburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Anës lumenjve (By the rivers) is a poem in the Albanian language by Fan S. Noli, in which the history of Albania is described.
The former Roman Catholic diocese of Viborg, in Denmark existed from 1065 to the Protestant Reformation.
The ancient bishopric of Børglum, sometimes also known as the bishopric of Vendsyssel, seated latterly at Børglum in Denmark, comprised the ancient districts of Vendsyssel and Thy, which between them included the whole of the north of the Jutland peninsula beyond the Limfjord.
Andreas Bolek (3 May 1894 in Weinbergen near Lemberg – 5 May 1945 in Magdeburg) was an Austrian politician and a leader in the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Angeln (English and Latin: Anglia, German and Low Saxon: Angeln, Danish: Angel) is a small peninsula within the larger Jutland (Cimbric) Peninsula in the region of Southern Schleswig, which constitutes the Northern part of the northernmost German federal state of Schleswig-Holstein, protruding into the Bay of Kiel of the Baltic Sea.
The Angles (Angli) were one of the main Germanic peoples who settled in Great Britain in the post-Roman period.
This list is of the heaviest European freshwater fish caught using the traditional angling method of rod and line.
The Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain describes the process which changed the language and culture of most of what became England from Romano-British to Germanic.
Anhalt-Wittenberg is the name of the easternmost region of the German state of Saxony-Anhalt.
Anhalt-Zerbst was a district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Annaburg-Prettin was a Verwaltungsgemeinschaft ("administrative community") in the district of Wittenberg, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Annelie Grund (born 28 June 1953, Berlin) is a German artist, stained glass artist, artist and musician.
Anthropomorphic wooden cult figurines, sometimes called pole gods, have been found at many archaeological sites in Central and Northern Europe.
Anton Piëch (21 September 1894 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary – 29 August 1952 in Klagenfurt, Austria) was an Austrian lawyer and the son-in-law of Ferdinand Porsche.
Apfelstädt is a river which flows for 34 km through Thuringia, Germany.
The Vicariate Apostolic of Northern Germany (Vicariatus Apostolicus Germaniae Septentrionalis) was known for most of its existence as the Vicariate Apostolic of the Northern (or Nordic) Missions (Vicariatus Apostolicus Missionum Septentrionalium), established on 28 April 1667.
The following events occurred in April 1945.
Aquila Airways was a British independentindependent from government-owned corporations airline, formed on 18 May 1948 and based in Southampton, Hampshire.
The Archdiocese of Bremen (also Archdiocese of Hamburg-Bremen, Erzbistum Bremen, not to be confused with the modern Archdiocese of Hamburg, founded in 1994) is a historical Roman Catholic diocese (787–1566/1648) and formed from 1180 to 1648 an ecclesiastical state (continued under other names until 1823), named Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen (Erzstift Bremen) within the Holy Roman Empire.
The Archbishopric of Magdeburg was a Roman Catholic archdiocese (969–1552) and Prince-Archbishopric (1180–1680) of the Holy Roman Empire centered on the city of Magdeburg on the Elbe River.
The Lake Arend is a natural lake in the Altmark region, northern Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until amalgamation into the Royal Regiment of Scotland on 28 March 2006, from when it became a single battalion in the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
Arminius (German: Hermann; 18/17 BC – AD 21) was a chieftain of the Germanic Cherusci tribe who famously led an allied coalition of Germanic tribes to a decisive victory against three Roman legions in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in 9 AD.
Arneburg is a town in the district of Stendal, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Arneburg-Goldbeck is a Verbandsgemeinde ("collective municipality") in the district of Stendal, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Sir Arthur Farquhar KCH, CB, RSO (1772 – 2 October 1843) was an officer of the Royal Navy.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister.
Arvid Pardo (February 12, 1914 – June 19, 1999) was a Maltese and Swedish diplomat, scholar, and university professor.
Aschersleben-Staßfurt was a district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany until 2007.
The Asciburgius mons or Askibourgion oros is a mountain of greater Germany mentioned by the ancient geographer, Ptolemy, of unknown location today.
Associated Humber Lines (A.H.L.) was created in 1935 to manage the services of various railway controlled shipping lines including port activities in the Humber area of the United Kingdom.
The Atlantic jackknife clam, Ensis directus, also known as the bamboo clam, American jackknife clam or razor clam (but note that "razor clam" sometimes refers to different species), is a large species of edible marine bivalve mollusc, found on the North American Atlantic coast, from Canada to South Carolina.
The Aue is a river in northern Germany in the district of Stade in Lower Saxony.
August von Thomsen (born 6 August 1846 in Oldenswort, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, married 6 May 1888 in Naples, Italy, and died 26 September 1920 in Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein) was an Admiral of the German Imperial Navy.
Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
The Augustus Bridge is a bridge in the city of Dresden, in the state Saxony in Germany.
Augustus II the Strong (August II.; August II Mocny; Augustas II; 12 May 16701 February 1733) of the Albertine line of the House of Wettin was Elector of Saxony (as Frederick Augustus I), Imperial Vicar and elected King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.
The Aukrug Nature Park (Naturpark Aukrug) is a nature park in north Germany with an area of.
Aulus Gabinius Secundus was a Roman senator and general who was active during the reign of Tiberius.
The Austrian Parliament Building (Parlamentsgebäude, colloquially das Parlament) in Vienna is where the two houses of the Austrian Parliament conduct their sessions.
The Austro-Hungarian Navy (German: kaiserliche und königliche Kriegsmarine, Hungarian: Császári és Királyi Haditengerészet "Imperial and Royal War Navy") was the naval force of Austria-Hungary.
Austropotamobius torrentium, also called the stone crayfish, is a European species of freshwater crayfish in the family Astacidae.
The Auxilia (Latin, lit. "auxiliaries") constituted the standing non-citizen corps of the Imperial Roman army during the Principate era (30 BC–284 AD), alongside the citizen legions.
Axien is a village and a former municipality in the Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Alfheim ("elf home" or "land between the rivers.") is an ancient name for an area corresponding to the modern Swedish province of Bohuslän and the eastern half of the Norwegian province of Østfold.
Étienne Tardif de Pommeroux, comte de Bordesoulle (4 April 1771, Luzeret – 3 October 1837, Fontaine-Chaalis, Oise) was a French nobleman and soldier, who fought in the Napoleonic Wars and the Spanish expedition.
The Úpa (Aupa) is a river in the Czech Republic and a left tributary of the River Elbe (Labe).
The Ústí massacre (Ústecký masakr, German: Massaker von Aussig) was a lynching of ethnic Germans in Ústí nad Labem (Aussig an der Elbe), a largely ethnic German city in northern Bohemia ("Sudetenland"), shortly after the end of World War II, on 31 July 1945.
Ústí nad Labem, formerly known by its German name Aussig, is the 7th-most populous city of the Czech Republic.
The Ústí nad Labem Half Marathon is an annual half marathon race which takes place in September in Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic.
Ústí nad Labem Region or Ústecký Region (Ústecký kraj), also known as Region Aussig (after the German name of the capital), is an administrative unit (kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the north-western part of the historical land of Bohemia and the whole country, and named after the capital, Ústí nad Labem.
Čelákovice is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.
Černé jezero in the Bohemian Forest is the largest and deepest natural lake in the Czech Republic.
Červená Voda (Mährisch Rothwasser) is a village in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic with a population of 3,264 (2006), is situated in a valley 19 km north-west from the city of Šumperk and belongs to the Okres Ústí nad Orlicí district.
The České středohoří, Central Bohemian Uplands or Central Bohemian Highlands is a mountain range located in northern Bohemia, the Czech Republic.
Łabski Szczyt or Violík (in Polish and Czech) (Veilchenstein) is a mountain peak located in the western Karkonosze on the Czech-Polish border.
Špindlerův Mlýn (Spindlermühle, formerly also Spindelmühle) is a town in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic.
Štětí is a town in the Ústí nad Labem Region.
Živa, also Živena, Żiwia, Siva, Sieba or Razivia, was the Slavic goddess of life and fertility.
Bad Bevensen is a town in the north of the district Uelzen in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Bad Düben, until 1948 Düben is a town in the district of Nordsachsen in the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
Bad Lauterberg is a town in the district of Göttingen, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Bad Schandau (Žandov) is a spa town in Germany, in the south of the Free State of Saxony and the district of Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge.
Bad Schandau station is a minor junction station in Bad Schandau in the German state of Saxony.
Bad Schmiedeberg is a small town in Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Bad Wilsnack is a small town in the Prignitz district, in Brandenburg, Germany.
Bahra is a river of Saxony, Germany.
Bahre is a river of Saxony, Germany.
Ballerus ballerus, also known as the zope or the blue bream, is a species of cyprinid fish native to Eurasia.
Ballhaus Watzke (self-designation: Ball- & Brauhaus Watzke) is a late 19th century restaurant with a ballroom on the upper floor and an in-house brewery under monument protection.
The Balsamgau (or Belcsem, Balsami) was an early medieval Gau (shire) in the Eastphalia region of the Duchy of Saxony.
Balthasar Benjamin Kindermann (10 April 1636 – 12 February 1706) was a German poet.
The Banochaemae, Baenochaemae, Bainochaimai or Bonochamae were a Germanic tribe recorded only in the Geography of Claudius Ptolemy.
Barbaricum (from the Βαρβαρικόν, "foreign", "barbarian") is a geographical name used by historical and archaeological experts to refer to the vast area of barbarian-occupied territory that lay, in Roman times, beyond the frontiers or limes of the Roman Empire in North, Central and South Eastern Europe, the "lands lying beyond Roman administrative control but nonetheless a part of the Roman world." In the Late Antiquity it was the Latin name for those tribal territories not occupied by Rome that lay beyond the Rhine and Danube (but not for Persia): Ammianus Marcellinus used it, as did Eutropius.
The Barby Ferry, also known as the Ronney Barby Ferry, is a cable ferry across the Elbe river between Barby and Walternienburg in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Barby is a town in the Salzlandkreis district, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Barczewo (Wartenburg in Ostpreußen) is a town in Olsztyn County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland.
The Barnim Plateau is a plateau which is occupied by the northeastern parts of Berlin and the surrounding federal state of Brandenburg in Germany.
The Bastei is a rock formation towering 194 metres above the Elbe River in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains of Germany.
The Bateinoi or Batini were a Germanic tribe recorded by the Roman scholar Claudius Ptolemy.
The Battle at the Harzhorn took place in the early 3rd century between Germanic and Roman troops near the Harzhorn hill between the towns of Kalefeld and Bad Gandersheim, in the state of Lower Saxony, Germany.
The battle in Berlin was an end phase of the Battle of Berlin.
The Battle of Berlin, designated the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union, and also known as the Fall of Berlin, was the final major offensive of the European theatre of World War II.
The (second) Battle of Bornhöved took place on 22 July 1227 near Bornhöved in Holstein.
In the Battle of Cedynia or Zehden, an army of Mieszko I of Poland defeated forces of Hodo or Odo I of Lusatia on 24 June 972, near the Oder river.
The Battle of Dessau Bridge was a significant battle of the Thirty Years' War between Danish Protestants and the Imperial German Catholic forces on the Elbe River outside Dessau, Germany on April 25, 1626.
The Battle of Fehrbellin was fought on June 18, 1675 (Julian calendar date, June 28th, Gregorian), between Swedish and Brandenburg-Prussian troops.
The Battle of Halbe (Kessel von Halbe, Хальбский котёл, Halbe pocket) from April 24 – May 1, 1945 was a battle in which the German Ninth Army, under the command of General Theodor Busse, was destroyed as a fighting force by the Red Army during the Battle for Berlin.
In the Battle of Halle on 17 October 1806 a French corps led by Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte fought the Prussian Reserve under Eugene Frederick Henry, Duke of Württemberg.
The Battle of Hamburg was one of the last battles of World War II, where the remaining troops of the German 1st Parachute Army fought the British VIII Corps for the control of Hamburg, between 18 April and 3 May 1945.
The first Battle of Heligoland took place on 4 June 1849 during the First Schleswig War and pitted the fledgling Reichsflotte (Imperial Fleet) against the Royal Danish Navy, which had blocked German naval trade in North Sea and Baltic Sea since early 1848.
The Battle of Heligoland (or Helgoland) was fought on 9 May 1864, during the Second Schleswig War, between a Danish squadron led by Commodore Edouard Suenson and a joint Austro-Prussian squadron commanded by the Austrian Commodore Wilhelm von Tegetthoff.
The First Battle of Heligoland Bight was the first naval battle of the First World War, fought on 28 August 1914, between the United Kingdom and Germany.
The Battle of Idistaviso, sometimes known as a first Battle of Minden or Battle of the Weser River, was fought in 16 AD between Roman legions commanded by Roman emperor Tiberius' heir and adopted son Germanicus, and an alliance of Germanic peoples commanded by Arminius.
The Battle of Jüterbog was fought in Jüterbog on 23 November 1644 between Sweden and the Holy Roman Empire, resulting in a Swedish victory.
The Battle of Königgrätz (Schlacht bei Königgrätz), also known as the Battle of Sadowa, Sadová, or Hradec Králové, was the decisive battle of the Austro-Prussian War, in which the Kingdom of Prussia defeated the Austrian Empire.
The Battle of Kesselsdorf was fought on 15 December 1745, between the Kingdom of Prussia and the combined forces of the Archduchy of Austria and the Electorate of Saxony during the part of the War of the Austrian Succession known as the Second Silesian War.
The Battle of Lübeck took place on 6 November 1806 in Lübeck, Germany between soldiers of the Kingdom of Prussia led by Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, who were retreating from defeat at the Battle of Jena–Auerstedt, and troops of the First French Empire under Marshals Murat, Bernadotte, and Soult, who were pursuing them.
The Battle of Lechfeld (10 August 955) was a decisive victory for Otto I the Great, King of East Francia, over the Hungarian harka Bulcsú and the chieftains Lél (Lehel) and Súr.
The Battle of Leipzig or Battle of the Nations (Битва народов, Bitva narodov; Völkerschlacht bei Leipzig; Bataille des Nations, Slaget vid Leipzig) was fought from 16 to 19 October 1813, at Leipzig, Saxony.
The Battle of Lenzen was a land battle between a Saxon army of the Kingdom of Germany and the armies of the Slavic Redarii and Linonen peoples, that took place on 4 September 929 near the fortified Linonen stronghold of Lenzen in Brandenburg, Germany.
The Battle of Lobositz or Lovosice also Lowositz on 1 October 1756 was the opening land battle of the Third Silesian War and the wider Seven Years' War.
The Battle of Möckern was a series of heavy clashes between allied Prusso-Russian troops and Napoleonic French forces south of Möckern.
The Battle of Mühlberg was a large battle at Mühlberg in the Electorate of Saxony in 1547, as part of the Schmalkaldic War.
The Skirmish at Nauen (Gefecht bei Nauen or Duell vor Nauen), took place on near the town of Nauen between the vanguard of the Brandenburg-Prussian army and Swedish rearguard units during the Swedish-Brandenburg War.
The Prussian Bohemia Incursion was a military campaign led by the Prince Henry of Prussia during the Third Silesian War (part of the Seven Years' War), to disrupt the Austrian military capacity by launching incursions against its military infrastructure in Bohemia.
The Battle of Prague, which occurred between 25 July and 1 November 1648 was the last action of the Thirty Years' War.
In the Battle of Prenzlau or Capitulation of Prenzlau on 28 October 1806 two divisions of French cavalry and some infantry led by Marshal Joachim Murat intercepted a retreating Prussian corps led by Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen.
The Battle of Rathenow (Schlacht um Rathenow or Überfall von Rathenow) was the first engagement between the forces of Brandenburg-Prussia and Sweden in the Swedish-Brandenburg War (also called the Scanian War).
The Battle of Stilo or Cape Colonna was fought on 13 or 14 July 982 near Crotone in Calabria between the forces of the Emperor Otto II and his Italo-Lombard allies and those of the Kalbid emir of Sicily, Abu'l-Qasim.
The Battle of the Oder–Neisse is the German name for the initial (operational) phase of one of the last two strategic offensives conducted by the Red Army in the Campaign in Central Europe (1 January – 9 May 1945) during World War II.
The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest (Schlacht im Teutoburger Wald, Hermannsschlacht, or Varusschlacht, Disfatta di Varo), described as the Varian Disaster (Clades Variana) by Roman historians, took place in the Teutoburg Forest in 9 CE, when an alliance of Germanic tribes ambushed and decisively destroyed three Roman legions and their auxiliaries, led by Publius Quinctilius Varus.
The Baursberg has a height of and is therefore the largest hill in the quarter of Blankenese, Hamburg, Germany and the second largest of the city (behind Hasselbrack).
The Bautzen–Bad Schandau railway is a German 64-kilometre long railway line, that connects Bautzen to Bad Schandau via Neukirch/Lausitz, Neustadt in Sachsen and Sebnitz.
The village of Zell in the Bavarian Forest The Bavarian Forest (German: or Bayerwald) is a wooded, low-mountain region in Bavaria, Germany that is about 100 kilometres long.
The epithet "Bavarian Geographer" (Geographus Bavarus) is the conventional name for the anonymous author of a Latin medieval text containing a list of the tribes in central-eastern Europe, headed Descriptio civitatum et regionum ad septentrionalem plagam Danubii.
Bavarians (Bavarian: Boarn, Standard German: Bayern) are nation and ethnographic group of Germans of the Bavaria region, a state within Germany.
Amphibalanus improvisus, the bay barnacle, is a species of acorn barnacle in the family Balanidae.
The Bay of Kiel or Kiel Bay is a bay in the southwestern Baltic Sea, off the shores of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany and the islands of Denmark.
The Bay of Lübeck is a basin in the southwestern Baltic Sea, off the shores of German states of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Schleswig-Holstein.
Bayan I was the first khagan of the Avar Khaganate, between 562 and 602.
The Bílina (Biela) rises on the slopes of the Ore Mountains in the Czech Republic, north of Chomutov.
Büchen station is a railway junction in Büchen in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
Bützfleth is a village with 5000 inhabitants in the north of the city Stade in Lower Saxony.
The Bell-Beaker culture (sometimes shortened to Beaker culture), is the term for a widely scattered archaeological culture of prehistoric western and Central Europe, starting in the late Neolithic or Chalcolithic and running into the early Bronze Age (in British terminology).
The beaver (genus Castor) is a large, primarily nocturnal, semiaquatic rodent.
Bedřich Smetana (2 March 1824 – 12 May 1884) was a Czech composer who pioneered the development of a musical style that became closely identified with his country's aspirations to independent statehood.
The Beer Drinkers and Hell Raisers Tour was a concert tour through North America and Europe, undertaken by American rock band ZZ Top.
The Belgae were a large Gallic-Germanic confederation of tribes living in northern Gaul, between the English Channel, the west bank of the Rhine, and northern bank of the river Seine, from at least the third century BC.
Belgern, is a town in the district Nordsachsen, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Belgern-Schildau is a town in the district Nordsachsen, in Saxony, Germany.
Bell's Theorem (original German title Die Wahrheit über Shelby, lit. "The Truth about Shelby") is a three-volume science-fiction horror graphic novel by German comic artist Matthias Schultheiss that originally published between 1985 and 1988.
The Belvedér (German and English: Belvedere) calls itself the oldest viewing point in Bohemian Switzerland in the Czech Republic.
Saint Benno (– 16 June 1106) was named Bishop of Meissen in 1066.
Bensheim is a town in the Bergstraße district in southern Hesse, Germany.
Bergedorf is the largest of the seven boroughs of Hamburg, Germany, named after a quarter within this borough.
is a quarter (Stadtteil) in the homonymous borough (Bezirk) of the Free and Hanseatic city of Hamburg in northern Germany.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
The Berlin Blockade (24 June 1948–12 May 1949) was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War.
The Berlin-Blankenheim railway or Wetzlarer Bahn ("Wetzlar Railway") is a railway line in the German states of Berlin, Brandenburg and Saxony-Anhalt.
The Berlin–Dresden railway is a double track, electrified main line railway in the German states of Berlin, Brandenburg and Saxony, which was originally built and operated by the Berlin-Dresden Railway Company (Berlin-Dresdener Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft).
The Berlin–Halle railway, sometimes called the Anhalt railway (German: Anhalter Bahn), is a twin-track, electrified main line found in the German city and state of Berlin, and the states of Brandenburg and Sachsen-Anhalt.
The Berlin–Hamburg Railway (Berlin-Hamburger Bahn) is a roughly long railway line for passenger, long-distance and goods trains. It was the first high-speed line upgraded in Germany to be capable of handling train speeds of over (up to 230 km/h). This line also has the fastest journey times between two German cities with average speeds of around 190 km/h. The line built by the Berlin-Hamburg Railway Company, work starting on 6 May 1844, and was taken into service on 15 December 1846. It was then the longest trunk route in the German states, and ran from Berlin's Hamburg station (from October 1884 from Lehrte station), via Spandau, Neustadt (Dosse), Wittenberge, Ludwigslust, Büchen and along the already existing route of the Hamburg-Bergedorf Railway to the Berlin station in Hamburg.
The first section of the Berlin–Magdeburg Railway was opened in 1838 as the Berlin-Potsdam Railway and was the first railway line in Prussia.
Bernhard Ernst von Bülow (2 August 181520 October 1879) was a Danish and German statesman.
Bernhard (– 2 February 1212), a member of the House of Ascania, was Count of Anhalt and Ballenstedt, and Lord of Bernburg through his paternal inheritance.
Bethau is a village and a former municipality in the Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Biela is a river in eastern Germany and northern Czech Republic, a left tributary of the Elbe.
The Biela Valley Trolleybus (Bielatalbahn or Bielathalbahn) was a trolleybus service in the German state of Saxony.
Captain Bill Bellamy, (1 December 1923 – 18 March 2009) was an officer in the 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars between 1943 and 1955.
Billbrook is a quarter of Hamburg, Germany, in the borough of Hamburg-Mitte.
The river Bille is a small, slow-flowing river in Stormarn, Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg, a right offshoot of the Elbe.
The Billung March (Billunger Mark) or March of the Billungs (Mark der Billunger) was a frontier region of the far northeastern Duchy of Saxony in the 10th century.
Billwerder is a quarter of Hamburg, Germany, in the borough of Bergedorf.
The Bishop's Road (German: Bischofsweg)is and ancient road in Saxony, going from Meißen via Dresden to Stolpen.
The Bishopric of Brandenburg (Episcopatus Brandenburgensis or Dioecesis Brandenburgensis) was a Roman Catholic diocese established by King Otto I of Germany in 948, in the territory of the Marca Geronis (Saxon Eastern March) east of the Elbe river.
The Bishopric of Havelberg (Bistum Havelberg) was a Roman Catholic diocese founded by King Otto I of Germany in 946, from 968 a suffragan to the Archbishops of Magedeburg.
The Black Elster or Schwarze Elster is a long river in eastern Germany, in the states Saxony, Brandenburg and Saxony-Anhalt, right tributary of the Elbe.
Blankenese is a suburban quarter in the borough of Altona in the western part of Hamburg, Germany; until 1938 it was an independent municipality in Holstein.
Since November 29, 1984, the Blankenese High Lighthouse or known as Blankenese Lighthouse Upper, together with the Blankenese Low Lighthouse, forms a range of lights for ships sailing upriver on the Elbe.
The Blankenese Low Lighthouse forms since November 29, 1984 together with the Lighthouse High Blankenese a range of lights for ships sailing upriver on the Elbe, with 8,410 meters, the longest at the Unterelbe, at the Hamburg district Blankenese.
Blasewitz is a larger borough (Ortsamtsbereich) of Dresden, Germany in the city's eastern centre on the Elbe river.
Bleckede (Polabian Bleketsa) is a town in the district of Lüneburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Blockade of Germany (1939–1945), also known as the Economic War, was carried out during World War II by the United Kingdom and France in order to restrict the supplies of minerals, metals, food and textiles needed by Nazi Germany - and later Fascist Italy - in order to sustain their war efforts.
Bogislav Friedrich Emanuel Graf Tauentzien von Wittenberg (15 September 1760 – 20 February 1824) was a Prussian general of the Napoleonic Wars.
Bogislaw II (– 23 January 1220) was Duke of Pomerania-Stettin from 1187 until his death.
Bohemia (Čechy;; Czechy; Bohême; Bohemia; Boemia) is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic.
Bohemian Switzerland (České Švýcarsko; Böhmische Schweiz), also known as Czech Switzerland, is a picturesque region in the north-western Czech Republic.
The Bohemians (Behemanni) or Bohemian Slavs (Bohemos Slavos, Boemanos Sclavos), were an early Slavic tribe in Bohemia (modern Czech Republic).
Bohumil Hrabal (28 March 1914 – 3 February 1997) was a Czech writer, often cited as one of the best Czech writers of the 20th century.
Boizenburg is a municipality in the Ludwigslust-Parchim district, in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany.
Bolesław III Wrymouth (also known as Boleslaus III the Wry-mouthed, Bolesław III Krzywousty) (20 August 1086 – 28 October 1138), was a Duke of Lesser Poland, Silesia and Sandomierz between 1102 and 1107 and over the whole Poland between 1107 and 1138.
Boleslaus I the Cruel, also called Boleslav I (Boleslav I. Ukrutný) (– 15 July, 967 or 972), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was ruler (kníže, "duke" or "prince") of the Duchy of Bohemia from 935 to his death.
The borders of the Roman Empire, which fluctuated throughout the empire's history, were a combination of natural frontiers (most notably the Rhine and Danube rivers) and man-made fortifications which separated the lands of the empire from the countries beyond.
The city of Hamburg in Germany is made up of seven boroughs (German: Bezirke, also known as districts or administrative districts) and subdivided into 104 quarters (German: Stadtteile).
The Borsdorf–Coswig railway is a mainline railway in the German state of Saxony, originally built and operated by the Leipzig-Dresden Railway Company.
Bouches-de-l'Elbe ("Mouths of the Elbe") was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Germany that survived for three years.
The Brabant Road (Brabanter Straße), Cologne to Leipzig Road (Köln-Leipziger Straße) or Liege Road (Lütticher Straße) is an ancient road which, during the Middle Ages and Early Modern Period, was one of the most important continental east-west oriented military and trade routes.
Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav (Brandeis-Altbunzlau) is an administratively united pair of towns in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic, in the heart of the agricultural region of Polabí, about 25 km northeast from Prague.
Brandenburg (Brannenborg, Lower Sorbian: Bramborska, Braniborsko) is one of the sixteen federated states of Germany.
Brühl's Terrace (Brühlsche Terrasse) is a historic architectural ensemble in Dresden, Germany.
Bremen-Verden, formally the Duchies of Bremen and Verden (Herzogtümer Bremen und Verden), were two territories and immediate fiefs of the Holy Roman Empire, which emerged and gained imperial immediacy in 1180. By their original constitution they were prince-bishoprics of the Archdiocese of Bremen and Bishopric of Verden. In 1648, both prince-bishoprics were secularised, meaning that they were transformed into hereditary monarchies by constitution, and from then on both the Duchy of Bremen and the Duchy of Verden were always ruled in personal union, initially by the royal houses of Sweden, the House of Vasa and the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, and later by the House of Hanover. With the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, Bremen-Verden's status as fiefs of imperial immediacy became void; as they had been in personal union with the neighbouring Kingdom of Hanover, they were incorporated into that state.
The Bremen-Verden Campaign (Bremen-Verdener Feldzug) was a conflict during the Northern Wars in Europe.
Bremervörde is a town in the north of the district (Landkreis) of Rotenburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Briare Aqueduct carries the Canal latéral à la Loire over the River Loire on its journey to the River Seine in France.
Brick Gothic (Backsteingotik, Gotyk ceglany, Baksteengotiek) is a specific style of Gothic architecture common in Northwest and Central Europe especially in the regions in and around the Baltic Sea, which do not have resources of standing rock, but in many places a lot of glacial boulders.
The British Army was, in 1939, a volunteer army, that introduced limited conscription in early 1939, and full conscription shortly after the declaration of war with Germany.
The British Frontier Service was a British government organisation that was responsible for border monitoring duties in West Germany between 1946 and 1991.
Brná nad Labem (Birnai) is residential area in Ústí nad Labem, Czech republic.
The Brocken, also sometimes referred to as the Blocksberg, is the highest peak of the Harz mountain range and also the highest peak of Northern Germany; it is located near Schierke in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt between the rivers Weser and Elbe.
Brokdorf Nuclear Power Plant (German: Kernkraftwerk Brokdorf, or KBR) is close to the municipality of Brokdorf in Steinburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Saint Bruno of Querfurt (974 – 14 February 1009 AD), also known as Brun and Boniface, was a missionary bishop and martyr, who was beheaded near the border of Kievan Rus and Lithuania while trying to spread Christianity in Eastern Europe.
Bruno Emil Tesch (14 August 1890 – 16 May 1946) was a German chemist and entrepreneur.
Brunsbüttel is a town in the district of Dithmarschen, in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany that lies on the mouth of the Elbe river, near the North Sea.
Brutal Assault is an open-air extreme metal festival that takes place in the 18th-century army fortress Josefov, located in Jaroměř, Czech Republic.
Bubalus murrensis, the European water buffalo, is an extinct Bovine that lived in Europe during the Pleistocene.
Buch Abbey, in German Kloster Buch, is a former Cistercian monastery near Leisnig in Saxony.
Buckau is a quarter of the city of Magdeburg, capital of the German state of Saxony-Anhalt.
Bullenhausen (Low German Bullenhuus) is a district of the municipality Seevetal in the county of Harburg in Lower Saxony.
The Bullenkuhle is a predominantly marshy lake in the extreme north of the district of Gifhorn in the north German state of Lower Saxony.
is an autobahn in Germany.
is an autobahn in Germany that is in the planning stage.
is an autobahn in northwestern Germany.
is an autobahn in Germany, connecting Berlin and Munich via Leipzig and Nuremberg.
The Bundesstraße 191 or B 191 is a German federal road.
Bundesstraße 209 (B 209) is a German federal road that runs from Nienburg/Weser district in Lower Saxony to Schwarzenbek in the district of Herzogtum Lauenburg, Schleswig-Holstein.
The Buri were a Germanic tribe mentioned in the Germania of Tacitus, where they initially "close the back" of the Marcomanni and Quadi of Bohemia and Moravia.
Butler Buchanan Miltonberger (August 31, 1897 – March 23, 1977) was a United States Army Major General who served as Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
Buxtehude is a town on the Este River in Northern Germany, belonging to the district of Stade in Lower Saxony.
Bydgoszcz (Bromberg; Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers.
Bydgoszcz Canal (Bromberger Kanal) is a canal, 24.7 km long, between the cities of Bydgoszcz and Nakło in Poland, connecting Vistula river with Oder river, through Brda and Noteć rivers (the latter ending in the Warta river which itself ends in Oder).
A cable ferry (including the terms chain ferry, swing ferry, floating bridge, or punt) is a ferry that is guided (and in many cases propelled) across a river or large body of water by cables connected to both shores.
The Calucones were a Rhaetian tribe mentioned by a few of the classical sources, but not all.
Calvörde is a municipality in the Börde district of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Camäleon class was a group of gunboats built for the Prussian Navy.
The Canadian Army Film and Photo Unit (CFPU) was a Canadian Army unit founded in 1941 in order to document military operations during World War II.
Canals, or navigations, are human-made channels, or artificial waterways, for water conveyance, or to service water transport vehicles.
The Canals of Drusus (Fossas Drusianae) were Roman canals constructed for military purposes by Nero Claudius Drusus around 12 BC.
In 805 Charlemagne issued a fourth ban on the export of weapons to the Slavs.
MS Cap San Diego is a general cargo ship, situated as a museum ship in Hamburg, Germany.
In the Capitulation of Erfurt on 16 October 1806 a large body of troops from the Kingdom of Prussia under Lieutenant General the Prince of Orange surrendered to Marshal Joachim Murat of France, at the city of Erfurt (now in Germany).
The Capitulation of Pasewalk on 29 October 1806 resulted in the surrender of Oberst (Colonel) von Hagen's 4,200 Prussian soldiers to an inferior force of two French light cavalry brigades led by Generals of Brigade Édouard Jean Baptiste Milhaud and Antoine Lasalle.
In the Capitulation of Stettin on 29–30 October 1806, Lieutenant General Friedrich Gisbert Wilhelm von Romberg surrendered the garrison and fortress to a much smaller French light cavalry brigade led by General of Brigade Antoine Lasalle.
Carl Peters (27 September 1856 – 10 September 1918), was a German colonial ruler, explorer, politician and author, a major promoter of the establishment of the German colony of East Africa (part of the modern republic Tanzania).
Carl Reinhard Raswan (7 March 1893 – 14 October 1966), born Carl Reinhard Schmidt, was one of the greatest connoisseurs and patrons of the asil Arabian horse.
The Carolingian Empire (800–888) was a large empire in western and central Europe during the early Middle Ages.
Carsten Eggers (born 18 May 1957) is a German sculptor and painter.
Caspar David Friedrich (5 September 1774 – 7 May 1840) was a 19th-century German Romantic landscape painter, generally considered the most important German artist of his generation.
Caspar David Friedrich in his Studio refers to two paintings by the German romantic artist Georg Friedrich Kersting of 1811 and 1819.
The Castra Alteium (Kastell Alzey) is a former late-Roman border fort on the Danube-Iller-Rhine Limes (DIRL).
Celle Air Base German: Heeresflugplatz Celle is a military airbase of the German Army.
The Central Bohemian Region (Středočeský kraj) is an administrative unit (kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the central part of its historical region of Bohemia.
The Cernavodă culture, ca.
A chain boat,John MacGregor (1867).
Chain-boat navigation or chain-ship navigation is a little-known chapter in the history of shipping on European rivers.
The Chamavi were a Germanic tribe of Roman imperial times whose name survived into the Early Middle Ages.
The Channel Dash or Unternehmen Zerberus (Operation Cerberus) was a German naval operation during World War II.
Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.
Sir Charles Holloway (1749–1827) was a major-general in the Royal Engineers.
The Chatti (also Chatthi or Catti) were an ancient Germanic tribe whose homeland was near the upper Weser.
The Chauci (Chauken, and identical or similar in other regional modern languages) were an ancient Germanic tribe living in the low-lying region between the Rivers Ems and Elbe, on both sides of the Weser and ranging as far inland as the upper Weser.
The Cherusci were a Germanic tribe that inhabited parts of the plains and forests of northwestern Germany, in the area possibly near present-day Hanover, during the first centuries BC and AD.
The Chilehaus (Chile House) is a ten-story office building in Hamburg, Germany.
China Shipping Container Lines Co., Ltd (CSCL), was a containerized marine shipping company, based in Shanghai, China.
Chlothar I (c. 497 – 29 November 561), also called "Clotaire I" and the Old (le Vieux), King of the Franks, was one of the four sons of Clovis I of the Merovingian dynasty.
Chnodomarius, also Chnodomar, cognate to the Germanic Gundmar, was the king of an Alamannic canton in what is now south-west Germany, near the Rhine from sometime before 352 till 357.
Christian Frederick Hassé (1771–1831) was a composer of church music and an organist.
Christian IV (Christian den Fjerde; 12 April 1577 – 28 February 1648), sometimes colloquially referred to as Christian Firtal in Denmark and Christian Kvart or Quart in Norway, was king of Denmark-Norway and Duke of Holstein and Schleswig from 1588 to 1648.
Christian Mahler was a Communist Party activist who resisted Naziism and spent most of the Hitler period locked away.
Chrudimka is a river in the Pardubice Region in the Czech Republic.
The Church of Saint Roch, located on Olšany Square (Czech: Olšanské náměstí), is the oldest church in present-day Žižkov, a cadastral district of Prague, Czech Republic.
Chvaletice is a small town in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic.
Cidlina is a river in the Czech Republic, draining south from its source in Tábor hill near Lomnice nad Popelkou through Jičín, Nový Bydžov and Chlumec nad Cidlinou, merging with the Elbe (Labe) at Libice nad Cidlinou.
Lieutenant General Clarence Ralph Huebner (November 24, 1888 – September 23, 1972) was a highly decorated senior officer of the United States Army who saw service during both World War I and World War II.
The Classis Germanica was a Roman fleet in Germania Superior and Germania Inferior.
For the French milliner, see Claude Saint-Cyr Claude Carra Saint-Cyr (born 28 July 1760 in Lyon, died 5 January 1834 in Vailly-sur-Aisne) was a French general and diplomat, noted for his participation to the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
CMA CGM Christophe Colomb is an built for CMA CGM.
The Codanus sinus is the Latin name of the Baltic Sea and Kattegat.
Coenraad van Beuningen (1622 – Amsterdam, 26 October 1693) was the Dutch Republic's most experienced diplomat, burgomaster of Amsterdam in 1669, 1672, 1680, 1681, 1683 and 1684, and from 1681 a Dutch East India Company director.
The Czech National Bank issues 200 / 500 Koruna (Kč) silver commemorative coins and golden commemorative coins of various denominations.
Condition of Farm Labour in Eastern Germany (in German: Die Verhältnisse der Landarbeiter im ostelbischen Deutschland) is a book written by Maximilian Weber, a German economist and sociologist, in 1892.
The Constitution of Prussia (Verfassung für den Preußischen Staat) was adopted on 31 January 1850, and amended in the following years.
The HHLA Container Terminal Altenwerder (CTA) in Hamburg, Germany currently is one of the most modern container terminals in the world, located in the Altenwerder quarter.
The Convention of Artlenburg or Elbkonvention was the surrender of the Electorate of Hanover to Napoleon's army, signed at Artlenburg on 5 July 1803 by Oberbefehlshaber Johann Ludwig von Wallmoden-Gimborn.
Copitz is a subdivision of Pirna, in Saxony, Germany.
Corbicula fluminea is a species of freshwater clam, an aquatic bivalve mollusk in the family Cyrenidae.
The Corconti or Korkontoi were an ancient people, named as Germanic, in (2.10) of the Geography of Ptolemy (after 83 – 161 AD).
The Corded Ware culture (Schnurkeramik; céramique cordée; touwbekercultuur) comprises a broad archaeological horizon of Europe between 2900 BCE – circa 2350 BCE, thus from the late Neolithic, through the Copper Age, and ending in the early Bronze Age.
Corfits Mogensen Ulfeldt (died 1644) was a Danish naval officer, a cousin of the much more famous traitor Corfitz Ulfeldt (1606–1664).
The Corps Altsachsen is a fraternity (Studentenverbindung) in Dresden, Germany, founded on October 31, 1861.
The Coswig Ferry, also known as the Wörlitz Coswig Ferry, is a cable ferry across the Elbe river between Coswig and Wörlitz in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Coswig is a town in the district of Wittenberg of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Coswig (Kosowiki) is a town in the district of Meißen, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
The County of Dannenberg (Grafschaft Dannenberg) was a fief in the Duchy of Saxony.
The County of Dassel (Grafschaft Dassel) emerged shortly after the turn of the 11th and 12th centuries when, after the extinction of the male line of the Billungs, its seat in Suilbergau, north of the Solling hills was divided into the domains of Einbeck and Dassel.
General Courtney Hicks Hodges (January 5, 1887 – January 16, 1966) was a decorated senior officer of the United States Army, most prominent for his role in World War II, in which he commanded the U.S. First Army in the Western Europe Campaign.
Cranz is a quarter in the Harburg borough of Hamburg, Germany.
Cristóbal de Mondragón y Mercado (1514–1596) was a Spanish general during the Eighty Years' War.
MV CSCL Globe is a container ship owned and operated by China Shipping Container Lines (CSCL).
CSCL Indian Ocean is a container ship, operated by China Shipping Container Lines.
Known as Castelasc in Lombard local language, the Castle of Cuasso (Castello di Cuasso) is one of the most important defensive buildings in the province of Varese and Insubria.
Due to its centuries-old history as a major port town the cuisine of Hamburg is very diversified and sapid as ingredients’ supply was safe.
The culture of East Germany varied throughout the years due to the political and historical events that took place in the 20th century, especially as a result of Nazism and Communism.
Cumlosen is a municipality in the Prignitz district, in Brandenburg, Germany.
Cuxhaven is an independent town and seat of the Cuxhaven district, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Cuxhaven is a district (Landkreis) in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Cuxland, in a tourist sense, is the land between the River Weser and the mouth of the Elbe in the district of Cuxhaven on Germany's North Sea coast.
Czech Gothic architecture refers to the architectural period primarily of the Late Middle Ages in the area of the present-day Czech Republic (former Crown of Bohemia, primarily consisting of the Kingdom of Bohemia and Margraviate of Moravia).
Czech rail records, dates in brackets indicate when the record was reached or when the railway infrastructure was put into operation.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
The Czech Republic–Germany border is the international border between the Czech Republic and Germany.
The Czechoslovakian naval forces (Československé válečné loďstvo) were the naval arm of the former Czechoslovakian state.
Dabrun is a village and a former municipality in Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Dahle is a river of Saxony, Germany.
Damnatz is a municipality in the district Lüchow-Dannenberg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Dan is the name of one or more legendary earliest kings of the Danes and Denmark, mentioned in medieval Scandinavian texts.
Having been forced to sue for peace with Sweden in 1700, the Danish army was much larger than the kingdom could support.
Bilingual town sign of Flensburg, Germany Danish language exonyms for non-Danish speaking locations exist, primarily in Europe, but many of these are no longer commonly used, with a few notable exceptions.
Dannenberg is a town in the district Lüchow-Dannenberg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Danube–Oder Canal (Donau-Oder-Kanal; Kanał Odra-Dunaj) is a planned and partially constructed artificial waterway in the Lobau floodplain of the Danube at Vienna, that was supposed to stretch along the Morava River to the Oder at the city of Kędzierzyn-Koźle in Poland.
The Darchau Ferry is a ferry across the Elbe river in Germany.
Darkness Fell on Gotenhafen (Nacht fiel über Gotenhafen) is a 1960 German drama film directed by Frank Wisbar.
The Döllnitz is a river of Saxony, Germany.
Dömitz is a municipality in the Ludwigslust-Parchim district, in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany.
The Dömitz Fortress (Festung Dömitz) is a star fort in Dömitz, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
The Dömitz Railway Bridge is a partially complete railway bridge over the Elbe River near the town of Dömitz, Germany.
Döse (Low German: Döös) the northernmost town in Lower Saxony, Germany at the point where the River Elbe flows into the North Sea.
The Düben Heath (Dübener Heide) is a landscape in Germany in eastern Saxony-Anhalt and northern Saxony, between the rivers Elbe and the Mulde, on the northern edge of the Leipzig Bay.
The Düben Heath Nature Park (Naturpark Dübener Heide), which covers large areas of the eponymous Düben Heath, was the first nature park in Germany that resulted from a citizen's initiative and not from a government office.
The Dębczyn group (in German also Denziner) is an archeological culture in Pomerania from the 3rd to 6th centuries.
Děčín (Tetschen, 1942–45: Tetschen–Bodenbach) is a town in the Ústí nad Labem Region in the north of the Czech Republic.
Děčín District (Okres Děčín in Czech) is one of seven districts (okres) located within the Ústí nad Labem Region (Ústecký kraj) in the Czech Republic.
The Děčín Weir (Staustufe Děčín, Plavební stupeň Děčín) is a planned weir and lock complex near the town of Děčín in Bohemia on the Czech section of the River Elbe.
The Děčín–Dresden railway, also called the Elbe Valley Railway (German: Elbtalbahn) is an electrified main line in Saxony and the Czech Republic.
DD or Duplex Drive tanks, nicknamed "Donald Duck tanks", were a type of amphibious swimming tank developed by the British during the Second World War.
Adolf Hitler was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
The following events occurred in December 1964.
Deer stones (also known as reindeer stones) are ancient megaliths carved with symbols found largely in Siberia and Mongolia.
Delvenau (incorrectly known today as: Stecknitz) is a 50km-long river in Herzogtum Lauenburg in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Dredging, Environmental and Marine Engineering NV (in short DEME) is an international group of specialised companies in the field of capital and maintenance dredging, land reclamation, port infrastructure development, offshore related services for the oil & gas industry, farshore windfarm installation, environmental remediation a.o. The group is based in Zwijndrecht, Belgium, and has current operations on the five continents.
The Denmark–Germany border is 68 km long and separates Denmark and Germany.
Der Alte Schwede or Alter Schwede (meaning (The) Old Swede in German) is a glacial erratic, found during dredging of the river Elbe near Hamburg in 1999, at a depth of 15 m.
Dessau is a town and former municipality in Germany on the junction of the rivers Mulde and Elbe, in the Bundesland (Federal State) of Saxony-Anhalt.
Dessau Hauptbahnhof is the main passenger station in the city of Dessau-Roßlau in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt.
is a kreisfreie Stadt (urban district) in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt.
The Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm, also known as the English Grounds of Wörlitz, is one of the first and largest English parks in Germany and continental Europe.
The Deutscher Olymp is a 61 metre high elevation on the Wingst ridge in the district of Cuxhaven in the German state of Lower Saxony.
The Deutschland class was a group of five pre-dreadnought battleships built for the German Kaiserliche Marine.
The Devonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army which served under various titles and served in many wars and conflicts from 1685 to 1958, such as the Second Boer War, the First World War and the Second World War.
Dietrich (Theoderich, Theodoric) of Haldensleben (died 25 August 985) was a Saxon count in the Schwabengau, later also in the Nordthüringgau and the Derlingau, who was the first Margrave of the Northern March from 965 until the Great Slav Rising of 983.
Dietrich von Falkenberg (1580 – 20 May 1631) was a German statesman and officer, who commanded the defence of Magdeburg during the course of the Thirty Years' War.
Dietrichsdorf is a village and a former municipality in Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Dithmarschen (Low Saxon pronunciation:, archaic English: Ditmarsh, Ditmarsken, Medieval Latin: Tedmarsgo) is a district in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Divoká Orlice (Dzika Orlica, Wilde Adler, English: Wild Eagle) is a river in the Sudetes, separating the Bystrzyckie Mountains and Orlické Mountains.
Dockville is a music and art festival on Europe's biggest river island, Hamburg's district Wilhelmsburg.
The Dolní Žleb Ferry is a cable ferry across the Elbe river at Dolní Žleb in the Děčín District in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic.
The Domfelsen is a rock formation near Magdeburg Cathedral, part of which juts out into the River Elbe in Germany.
The gens Domitia was a plebeian family at Rome.
Dommitzsch is a town in the district Nordsachsen, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany and is Saxony's northmost city.
Don Whitehead (April 8, 1908 in Inman, Virginia - January 12, 1981) was an American journalist.
Dorna is a village in Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Dosenmoor is a regenerative and, in places, preserved raised bog in the north German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
The Dove Elbe is a closed anabranch of the Unterelbe, the lower part of the river Elbe (near Hamburg, Germany).
Dowry town (Věnné město in Czech) is the name for a town that has been devoted by Bohemian king to his wife - the queen consort.
Dradenau was a branch of the river Elbe near Hamburg, Germany.
Dragovit (Drogoviz) was a pagan ruler (prince or chief) of the Veleti (rex Wiltorum; "king of the Wiltzes").
The Drawehn is a partly wooded and partly agricultural region of hills in the northeastern part of the German state of Lower Saxony, lying between the districts of Lüneburg and Uelzen in the west and Lüchow-Dannenberg in the east.
The Drömling is a sparsely populated depression on the border of Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt in Germany with an area of about.
The Dreistromstein (Three Rivers Stone) is a three-sided obelisk that has marked the watershed of the Weser, Elbe and Rhine rivers in the Thuringian Forest since 1906.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
The Dresden Academy of Fine Arts (German Hochschule für Bildende Künste Dresden), often abbreviated HfBK Dresden or simply HfBK, is a vocational university of visual arts located in Dresden, Germany.
The Dresden Basin ((Dresdner) Elbtalkessel or Dresdner Elbtalweitung) is a roughly 45 km long and 10 km wide area of the Elbe Valley between the towns of Pirna and Meißen.
Dresden Cathedral, or the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, Dresden, previously the Catholic Church of the Royal Court of Saxony, called in German Katholische Hofkirche and since 1980 also known as Kathedrale Sanctissimae Trinitatis, is the Catholic Cathedral of Dresden.
The Dresden Elbe Valley is a cultural landscape and former World Heritage Site stretching along the Elbe river in Dresden, the state capital of Saxony, Germany.
Dresden From the Right Bank of the Elbe Above the Augustus Bridge is an oil on canvas by the Italian urban landscape painter Bernardo Bellotto.
Dresden From the Right Bank of the Elbe Below the Augustus Bridge is an oil on canvas by the Italian urban landscape painter Bernardo Bellotto.
Dresden Hauptbahnhof (“main station”, abbreviated Dresden Hbf) is the largest passenger station in the Saxon capital of Dresden.
The Dresden Heath (Dresdner Heide) is a large forest in the city of Dresden.
Dresden Mitte (centre) station is a regional station in central Dresden.
The Dresden Porcelain Collection (Porzellansammlung) is part of the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen (State Art Collections) of Dresden, Germany.
The Old and New Dresden to Teplitz Post Roads (Alte und Neue Dresden-Teplitzer Poststraße) are passes over the Ore Mountains and form part of the well-known ancient road system known as the Kulmer Steig, which ran from the Elbe Valley near Dresden over the Eastern Ore Mountains to Teplitz (now Teplice), Bohemia.
The Dresden Transport Museum (German: Verkehrsmuseum Dresden) displays vehicles of all modes of transport, such as railway, shipping, road and air traffic, under one roof.
The Fernsehturm Dresden-Wachwitz is a TV tower in Dresden, Germany.
Dresden-Friedrichstadt station is a freight yard that is, along with the two passenger stations of Dresden Hauptbahnhof and Dresden-Neustadt, a central component of the railway node of Dresden in the German state of Saxony.
Dresden-Neustadt station is the second largest railway station in the German city of Dresden after Dresden Hauptbahnhof and is also a stop for long-distance traafic.
Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe AG (DVB) is the municipal transport company of the city of Dresden in Germany.
The Duchy of Anhalt (Herzogtum Anhalt) was a historical German duchy.
The Duchy of Brunswick State Railway (Herzoglich Braunschweigische Staatseisenbahn) was the first state railway in Germany.
Duchy of Friedland (Czech: Frýdlantské vévodství, German: Herzogtum Friedland) was a de facto sovereign duchy in Bohemia.
The Duchy of Magdeburg (Herzogtum Magdeburg) was a province of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1680 to 1701 and a province of the German Kingdom of Prussia from 1701 to 1807.
The Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg was a medieval duchy of the Holy Roman Empire centered at Wittenberg, which emerged after the dissolution of the stem duchy of Saxony.
The Duchy of Saxony (Hartogdom Sassen, Herzogtum Sachsen) was originally the area settled by the Saxons in the late Early Middle Ages, when they were subdued by Charlemagne during the Saxon Wars from 772 and incorporated into the Carolingian Empire (Francia) by 804.
A dugout canoe or simply dugout is a boat made from a hollowed tree trunk.
Among the Lombards, the duke or dux was the man who acted as political and military commander of a set of "military families" (the Fara), irrespective of any territorial appropriation.
Duke Charles of Mecklenburg (Herzog Carl zu Mecklenburg) (30 November 1785 – 21 September 1837) was a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and a Prussian soldier who served in the Napoleonic Wars.
The Dulgubnii are a Germanic tribe mentioned in Tacitus' Germania (Chapter 34) as living in what is today northwest Germany.
The Dutch (Dutch), occasionally referred to as Netherlanders—a term that is cognate to the Dutch word for Dutch people, "Nederlanders"—are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands.
Dvůr Králové nad Labem (German: Königinhof an der Elbe) is a town in the Czech Republic in Hradec Králové Region, in the Labe (Elbe) river valley.
Dymokury (Dimokur) is a village and municipality in Nymburk District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.
Dynamite is an explosive made of nitroglycerin, sorbents (such as powdered shells or clay) and stabilizers.
The E1 European long-distance path, or just E1 path, is one of the European long-distance paths designated by the European Ramblers' Association.
The Early 2012 European cold wave was a deadly cold wave that started on January 27, 2012 and brought snow and freezing temperatures to much of the European continent.
After the glaciers of the Ice Age in the Early Stone Age withdrew from the area, which since about 1000 AD is called Pomerania, in what are now northern Germany and Poland, they left a tundra.
The Early Imperial campaigns in Germania (12 BC–AD 16) were a series of conflicts between the Germanic tribes and the Roman Empire.
The Early Middle Ages or Early Medieval Period, typically regarded as lasting from the 5th or 6th century to the 10th century CE, marked the start of the Middle Ages of European history.
The early Slavs were a diverse group of tribal societies who lived during the Migration Period and Early Middle Ages (approximately the 5th to the 10th centuries) in Eastern Europe and established the foundations for the Slavic nations through the Slavic states of the High Middle Ages.
East Elbia (Ostelbien) was an informal denotation for those parts of the German Reich until World War II that lay east of the river Elbe.
The East Germanic languages are a group of extinct Germanic languages of the Indo-European language family spoken by East Germanic peoples.
The Germanic tribes referred to as East Germanic constitute a wave of migrants who may have moved from Scandinavia into the area between the Oder and Vistula rivers between the years 600 and 300 BC.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
Eastphalia (Ostfalen; Eastphalian: Oostfalen) is a historical region in northern Germany, encompassing the eastern Gaue (shires) of the historic stem duchy of Saxony, roughly confined by the River Leine in the west and the Elbe and Saale in the east.
Eastphalian, or Eastfalian, is a West Low German (Low Saxon) dialect spoken in southeastern parts of Lower Saxony and western parts of Saxony-Anhalt in Germany.
The economy of Dresden and the Dresden agglomeration is one of the most dynamic in Germany.
The Edict of Potsdam (Edikt von Potsdam) was a proclamation issued by Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia, in Potsdam on October 29, 1685, as a response to the revocation of the Edict of Nantes by the Edict of Fontainebleau.
Edmund Graves Brown, Jr. (March 28, 1921 – May 11, 2008) was an American newspaper executive and a prominent member of the Ewing newspaper family of Louisiana.
Eduard Karl Emanuel von Jachmann (2 March 1822 – 21 October 1887) was the first Vizeadmiral (vice admiral) of the Prussian Navy.
Edward Banks (1796 - 1851) was one of the leading figures of the Free City of Hamburg in the mid 19th century, holding the office of Syndicus from 1837 until his death in 1851.
Edward "Teddy" Cecil Osbaldeston Mitford was a British officer in the British Army during the Second World War and after.
The Ehle is a river in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Eider (Die Eider; Ejderen; Latin: Egdor or Egdore) is the longest river in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
The Eider Canal (also called the Schleswig-Holstein Canal) was an artificial waterway in southern Denmark (later northern Germany) which connected the North Sea with the Baltic Sea by way of the rivers Eider and Levensau.
Ein Strom fließt durch Deutschland is an East German documentary film about the river Elbe.
Elba is an island in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Tuscany, Italy.
Elbaue-Fläming was a Verwaltungsgemeinschaft ("administrative community") in the district of Wittenberg, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Elbchaussee is a famous thoroughfare of Hamburg, Germany, joining the city's western Elbe suburbs (Elbvororte) Othmarschen, Nienstedten and Blankenese with Altona and Hamburg's inner city.
Elbe is a river in the Czech Republic and Germany Elbe may also refer to.
The Elbe, was a 1,693 ton, three-masted, iron sailing ship with a length of 257 feet, breadth of 38.2 feet and depth of 23.1 feet.
Elbe Air Lufttransport GmbH, usually just known as Elbe Air, was a corporate charter airline from Germany, which offered worldwide on-demand flight services.
The Elbe Cycle Route (Elberadweg in German) is part of an international network of cycling routes all over Europe.
Elbe Day, April 25, 1945, is the day Soviet and American troops met at the Elbe River, near Torgau in Germany, marking an important step toward the end of World War II in Europe.
Elbe Flugzeugwerke GmbH (literally: Elbe aircraft works, commonly abbreviated as EFW) is a subsidiary of Airbus (45%) and ST Aerospace (55%) in Dresden.
The Elbe Germanii (Elbgermanen) or Elbe Germanic peoples were Germanic tribes whose settlement area, based on archaeological finds, lay either side of the Elbe estuary on both sides of the river and which extended as far as Bohemia and Moravia, clearly the result of a migration up the Elbe river from the northwest in advance of the main Migration Period until the individual groups ran into the Roman Danube Limes around 200 AD.
The Elbe Lateral Canal (Elbe-Seitenkanal), is a long canal in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Elbe marshes (Elbmarsch) are an extensive region of marsh or polderland along the lower and middle reaches of the River Elbe in northern Germany.
The Elbe Project (Elbe-Projekt) was the name of the first commercial, static high voltage direct current transmission system constructed in the world.
Elbe Sandstone (Elbsandstein) describes sandstones that naturally occur in North Bohemia and those parts of Saxony within the area around Dresden.
The Elbe Sandstone Mountains, also called the Elbe sandstone highlands (Elbsandsteingebirge; Labské pískovce) is a mountain range straddling the border between the state of Saxony in southeastern Germany and the North Bohemian region of the Czech Republic, with about three-quarters of the area lying on the German side.
Old Elbe Tunnel or St.
The New Elbe Tunnel (Neuer Elbtunnel), often simply called Elbtunnel, is a subterranean Elbe river crossing in northern Germany located in Hamburg.
The Elbe Urstromtal (Elbe-Urstromtal) refers to the present-day valley of the Elbe over a length of around between the German town of Genthin, Saxony-Anhalt, and the Elbe's mouth into the North Sea near Cuxhaven, Lower Saxony.
Elbe is a census-designated place (CDP) in Pierce County, Washington, Washington, United States.
Elbe-Ehle-Nuthe was a Verwaltungsgemeinschaft ("collective municipality") in the Anhalt-Bitterfeld district, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Elbe-Elster is a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Brandenburg, Germany.
Elbe-Elster Land (Elbe-Elster-Land), also called the Elbe-Elster region (Elbe-Elster-Gebiet) is a region around the tripoint of the German states of Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt and Saxony.
Elbe-Havel-Land is a Verbandsgemeinde ("collective municipality") in the district of Stendal, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Elbe-Heide is a Verbandsgemeinde ("collective municipality") in the Börde district, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Elbe-Saale was a Verwaltungsgemeinschaft ("collective municipality") in the district Salzlandkreis, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Elbe–Havel Canal is a 56-kilometre-long waterway in Germany.
The Elbe–Lübeck Canal (also known as the Elbe–Trave Canal) is an artificial waterway in eastern Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
The region between the Elbe and Weser rivers (the triangle of Bremen, Hamburg, and Cuxhaven) forms the Elbe–Weser triangle (Elbe-Weser-Dreieck), also rendered Elbe-Weser Triangle, in northern Germany.
The Elbe–Weser waterway (Elbe-Weser-Schifffahrtsweg) or Elbe–Weser shipping channel is a short-cut between the rivers Elbe and Weser in North Germany which is part-canal and part-river.
The Elbhangfest is a street festival held in Dresden, Germany on the last weekend of June each year since 1990, focusing on the unique culture and built landscape of the hillsides on the banks of the Elbe river.
The Elbhöhen-Wendland Nature Park (Naturpark Elbhöhen-Wendland), formerly known as the Elbufer-Drawehn Nature Park (Naturpark Elbufer-Drawehn) is a German nature park east of Lüneburg in Lower Saxony.
Elbmarsch is a Samtgemeinde ("collective municipality") in the district of Harburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Elbphilharmonie (unofficial literal English translation: Elbe Philharmonic Hall) is a concert hall in the HafenCity quarter of Hamburg, Germany, on the peninsula of the Elbe River.
Elbriot (Elbe riot) is an annual open air music festival in Hamburg, Germany, which features rock, heavy metal and hardcore punk bands.
The Elbschwanenorden (Order of Elbe Swans) was a literary association of the Baroque, founded between 1656 and 1660, dissolved in 1667.
Elbtalaue is a Samtgemeinde ("collective municipality") in the district of Lüchow-Dannenberg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Elde is a river in northern Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and a few km in Brandenburg), a right tributary of the Löcknitz.
The Electoral Circle (Kurkreis), which was renamed in 1807 to the Wittenberg Circle (Wittenberger Kreis), was a historical territory that mostly emerged from the heartlands of the former Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg.
The Electorate of Saxony (Kurfürstentum Sachsen, also Kursachsen) was a state of the Holy Roman Empire established when Emperor Charles IV raised the Ascanian duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg to the status of an Electorate by the Golden Bull of 1356.
In 2014, the electricity sector in Germany was composed of 53% fossil, 17% nuclear and 30% renewable energy sources.
Elmshorn is a town in the district of Pinneberg in Schleswig-Holstein in Germany.
Elster is a village and a former municipality in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany located in Wittenberg district.
Major General Emil Fred Reinhardt (October 27, 1888 – July 24, 1969) was a senior United States Army officer.
Encounter at the Elbe (in) is a Soviet movie released in 1949 from Mosfilm, describing the conflict, spying, and collaboration between the Soviet Army advancing from the east and the U.S. Army advancing from the west.
An English exonym is a name in the English language for a place (a toponym), or occasionally other terms, which does not follow the local usage (the endonym).
Eric IV of Saxe-Lauenburg (1354 – 21 June 1411 or 1412) was a son of Eric II, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg and Agnes of Holstein.
Erkner is a town in the Oder-Spree District of Brandenburg, Germany, situated on the south-eastern edge of the German capital city Berlin.
Graf Ernst Friedrich Herbert zu Münster (born March 1, 1766 Osnabrück - died May 20, 1839 Hanover) was a German statesman, politician and minister in the service of the House of Hanover.
The Este (Low Saxon: Eest) is a left-bank tributary of the river Elbe that flows through Lower Saxony and Hamburg, Germany.
The Eurasian beaver or European beaver (Castor fiber) is a species of beaver which was once widespread in Eurasia.
The Eurasian rock pipit (Anthus petrosus), or just rock pipit, is a species of small passerine bird that breeds in western Europe on rocky coasts.
The EuroEyes Cyclassics, formerly HEW Cyclassics and Vattenfall Cyclassics, is an annual one-day professional and amateur cycling race in and around Hamburg, Germany.
The Europa is a steel-hulled barque registered in the Netherlands. Originally it was a German lightship, named Senator Brockes and built in 1911 at the H.C. Stülcken & Sohn shipyard in Hamburg, Germany. Until 1977, it was in use by the German Federal Coast Guard as a lightship on the river Elbe. A Dutchman bought the vessel (or what was left of her) in 1985 and in 1994 she was fully restored as a barque, a three-mast rigged vessel, and retrofitted for special-purpose sail-training. Europa cruises worldwide and accepts paying voyage crew (trainees) for short or long trip segments, including ocean crossings, Sail Training Association races, and annual voyages to Antarctica, and between South Georgia, Tristan da Cunha, and Cape Town. In 2002 and 2013 she rounded Cape Horn. In 2010 she participated in Velas Sudamerica 2010, an historical Latin American tour by eleven tall ships to celebrate the bicentennial of the first national governments of Argentina and Chile. In 2013-2014 Europa circumnavigated the world together with two other Dutch tall ships, Tecla and Oosterschelde. They sailed from South Africa to Mauritius, Australia and New Zealand. In October 2013 Europa participated in the International Fleet Review 2013 in Sydney. From New Zealand, the ship sailed an official Cape Horn rounding (October - December 2013). In June 2014 Europa completed her circumnavigation by arriving in Amsterdam.
The main European watershed is the drainage divide ("watershed") which separates the basins of the rivers that empty into the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea and the Baltic Sea from those that feed the Mediterranean Sea, the Adriatic Sea and the Black Sea.
European windstorms are the strongest extratropical cyclones which occur across the continent of Europe.
EuroVelo 7 (EV7), named the Sun Route, is a long EuroVelo long-distance cycling route running north-south through the whole of Europe from the North Cape in Norway to the island of Malta in the Mediterranean Sea.
Eva Anna Paula Hitler (née Braun; 6 February 1912 – 30 April 1945) was the longtime companion of Adolf Hitler and, for less than 40 hours, his wife.
General Sir Evelyn Hugh Barker, (22 May 1894 – 23 November 1983) was a British Army officer who saw service in both the First World War and the Second World War.
This is a list of the extreme points of the Czech Republic: the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.
Ezra Laderman (29 June 1924 – 28 February 2015) was an American composer of classical music.
Fallschirm-Panzergrenadier-Division 2 "Hermann Göring" was formed on 24 September 1944 in the area of Radom.
Förde Reederei Seetouristik or Fast Reliable Seaways (FRS) is a German transportation company specialising in passenger ferry and freight transportation.
Fünfhausen is a place in Hamburg, Germany.
The following events occurred in February 1962.
The Ferchland Grieben Ferry is a cable ferry across the Elbe river between Ferchland and Grieben in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel, 3rd Duke of Alba, GE, KOGF, GR (29 October 150711 December 1582), known as the Grand Duke of Alba in Spain and the Iron Duke in the Netherlands, was a Spanish noble, general, and diplomat.
Filipp Mikhailovich Cherokmanov (Russian: Филипп Михайлович Черокманов; 16 November 1899 – 8 June 1978) was a Soviet Army lieutenant general and Hero of the Soviet Union.
Finkenwerder (Low German: Finkwarder, Finkenwarder or - wärder; German: Finkeninsel; translation: Island of finches) is a quarter of Hamburg, Germany in the borough Hamburg-Mitte.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
The First Silesian War was a theatre of the War of the Austrian Succession.
The First Army is the oldest and longest established field army of the United States Army, having seen service in both World War I and World War II, under some of the most famous and distinguished officers of the U.S. Army.
The Fläming Heath is a region and a hill chain that reaches over 100 km from the Elbe river to the Dahme River in the German states Saxony-Anhalt and Brandenburg.
The Fläming Nature Park (Naturpark Fläming) is a nature park with 824 km² in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, opened in 2005.
The Flechtingen Hills (Flechtinger Höhenzug) are a wooded, hilly upland area up to 179 m high in the northwestern part of the German state of Saxony-Anhalt, named after the town of Flechtingen.
The Flensburg Government (Flensburger Regierung), also known as the Flensburg Cabinet (Flensburger Kabinett), the Dönitz Government (Regierung Dönitz), or the Schwerin von Krosigk Cabinet (Kabinett Schwerin von Krosigk), was the short-lived government of Nazi Germany during a period of three weeks around the end of World War II in Europe.
Floodplain restoration is the process of fully or partially restoring a river's floodplain to its original conditions before having been affected by the construction of levees (dikes) and the draining of wetlands and marshes.
Flottbek is a small river of Hamburg, Germany.
A flying boat is a fixed-winged seaplane with a hull, allowing it to land on water, that usually has no type of landing gear to allow operation on land.
The former eastern territories of Germany (Ehemalige deutsche Ostgebiete) are those provinces or regions east of the current eastern border of Germany (the Oder–Neisse line) which were lost by Germany after World War I and then World War II.
Fox at the Front is a 2003 alternate history novel written by Douglas Niles and Michael Dobson.
François Étienne de Rosily-Mesros (13 January 1748, Brest – 12 November 1832, Paris) was a French naval commander of the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars.
Francia, also called the Kingdom of the Franks (Regnum Francorum), or Frankish Empire was the largest post-Roman Barbarian kingdom in Western Europe.
Franconia (Franken, also called Frankenland) is a region in Germany, characterised by its culture and language, and may be roughly associated with the areas in which the East Franconian dialect group, locally referred to as fränkisch, is spoken.
View to Döbraberg The Franconian Forest (Frankenwald), is a mid-altitude mountain range in Northern Bavaria, Germany.
The Franconian Saale (Fränkische Saale) is a 140 km long river in Bavaria, Germany.
Frank Terpe (born Nünchritz 10 October 1929) is a German mathematician and retired Politician (SDP/SPD).
Frankfurt is a prototype river icebreaker constructed by Hitzler Werft for icebreaking duties on the Elbe River, Oder River, and canals in Germany, operated by the Wasser und Schifffahrtsamt Eberswalde.
The Frankfurt Parliament (Frankfurter Nationalversammlung, literally Frankfurt National Assembly) was the first freely elected parliament for all of Germany, elected on 1 May 1848 (see German federal election, 1848).
Franz Iosifovich Perkhorovich (27 May 1894 11 October 1961) was a Belarusian Soviet Army lieutenant general and a Hero of the Soviet Union.
Franz Schädle (19 November 1906 – 2 May 1945) was the last commander of Adolf Hitler's personal bodyguard (the Führerbegleitkommando; FBK), from 5 January 1945 until his death on 2 May 1945, aged 38.
Sir Frederick Hamilton (1590–1647) was a Scottish nobleman and soldier.
Frederick II, The Gentle (Friedrich, der Sanftmütige; Frederick the Gentle) (22 August 1412 in Leipzig – 7 September 1464 in Leipzig) was Elector of Saxony (1428–1464) and was Landgrave of Thuringia (1440–1445).
Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen (Friedrich Ludwig Fürst zu Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen) (31 January 1746 – 15 February 1818) was a Prussian general.
Frederick William III (Friedrich Wilhelm III) (3 August 1770 – 7 June 1840) was king of Prussia from 1797 to 1840.
Friedrich Wilhelm Gottfried Arnd von Kleist, (29 August 1724 in Potsdam – 28 August 1767 in Jeschkendorf near Liegnitz) was a royal Prussian officer, with the rank of major general.
The Freiberger Mulde (also called the Östliche Mulde or Eastern Mulde) is the right-hand, 124-kilometre-long headstream of the River Mulde, whose catchment covers an area of 2,981 km² in the Czech Republic and Germany in central Saxony.
Freital is a town in the district of Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Friderich Martens, (1635 - 1699), Tjärnö Marine Biological Laboratory, Göteborg University, International League of Antiquarian Booksellers (ILAB) was a German physician and naturalist who conducted the first scientific observations of the nature, animal life and climate of Svalbard.
Friedrich Christoph Dahlmann (13 May 1785, Wismar5 December 1860, Bonn) was a German historian and politician.
Friedrich Gottlob Hayne (18 March 1763, Jüterbog – 24 April 1832, Berlin) was a German botanist, taxonomist, pharmacist and professor.
Friedrich Kallmorgen (15 November 1856 in Hamburg – 2 June 1924 in Karlsruhe) was a German Impressionist painter who specialized in landscapes and cityscapes.
Daniel Christian Friedrich Krüger was a diplomat in the service of the city state of Lübeck and also jointly of the Hanseatic cities of Lübeck, Hamburg and Bremen.
Friedrich Schorlemmer (born 16 May 1944, Wittenberge, Germany) is a German Protestant theologian.
Friedrichskoog is a municipality in the district of Dithmarschen, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
The Frisian Islands, also known as the Wadden Islands or the Wadden Sea Islands, form an archipelago at the eastern edge of the North Sea in northwestern Europe, stretching from the northwest of the Netherlands through Germany to the west of Denmark.
Fritzlar Air Base (German: Heeresflugplatz Fritzlar, IATA: FRZ, ICAO: ETHF) is a military air field of the German Army Aviation Corps.
The Funnel(-neck-)beaker culture, in short TRB or TBK (German: Trichter(-rand-)becherkultur, Dutch: Trechterbekercultuur; c. 4300 BC–c. 2800 BC) was an archaeological culture in north-central Europe.
Gabriel Christoffersen Kruse (died 1647) of Tulsted and Hjulebjerg was an officer in the Royal Dano-Norwegian Navy.
Gabriele Rollnik (born 1950) is a German former terrorist.
Gaius Caesar (Latin: Gaius Julius Caesar; 20 BC – 21 February AD 4) was consul in AD 1 and the grandson of Augustus, the first emperor of the Roman Empire.
The Gale of January 1976, widely known as the "Capella" storm in Germany and the Ruisbroek flood in Belgium, was one in a series of extratropical cyclones and storm surges, which occurred over January 1976.
Gartow is a municipality in the district Lüchow-Dannenberg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Gaston is the name of a brown fur seal that lived in Prague Zoo in years 1991-2002.
Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.
The Gauliga Mitte was the highest football league in the Prussian province of Saxony and the German states of Thuringia and Anhalt from 1933 to 1945, all located in the center (German:Mitte) of Germany.
The Gauls were Celtic people inhabiting Gaul in the Iron Age and the Roman period (roughly from the 5th century BC to the 5th century AD).
Gödnitz is a village and a former municipality in the district of Anhalt-Bitterfeld, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Göhrde station is a railway halt on the Dannenberg–Lüneburg railway in the northeastern part of the German state of Lower Saxony.
The Geberbach is a small river of Saxony, Germany.
Geest is a type of landform, slightly raised above the surrounding countryside, that occurs on the plains of Northern Germany, the Northern Netherlands and Denmark.
The Geeste is a river in northwestern Germany, running through Lower Saxony and Bremen.
Geesthacht is the largest city in the District of the Duchy of Lauenburg (Herzogtum Lauenburg) in Schleswig-Holstein in Northern Germany, 34 km southeast of Hamburg on the right bank of the river Elbe.
Genthin is a town in Jerichower Land district, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Dresden is a large city in the eastern German Free State of Saxony nearby the border to the Czech Republic at the river Elbe.
Europe is traditionally defined as one of seven continents.
Germany is a country in west-central Europe, that stretches from the Alps, across the North European Plain to the North Sea and the Baltic Sea.
The geography of the Czech Republic is quite varied.
The geography of the European Union describes the geographic features of the European Union (EU), a multinational polity that occupies a large portion of Europe and covers 4,422,773 km2 (1,707,642 sq mi).
Georg Christian Benedict Ackermann (3 March 1763 – 8 April 1833) was a German theologian and teacher.
Georg Heinrich von Görtz, Baron of Schlitz (1668 – 19 February 1719), diplomat in Swedish service, was born in Holstein and educated at Jena.
Georg Ulmer (5 March 1877, in Hamburg – 15 January 1963, in Hamburg) was a German entomologist who specialized in research of Trichoptera (caddisflies) and Ephemeroptera (mayflies).
George Berkeley Ross (January 24, 1918 – September 1, 2006) was an early pioneer of information technology in the American petroleum industry who spearheaded the digitization of the exploration for petroleum.
Gerhard Ferdinand Otto Raht (6 June 1920 – 11 January 1977) was a German Luftwaffe night fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves during World War II.
The Bund der Landwirte (Agrarian League) (BDL) was a German advocacy group founded 18 February 1893 by farmers and agricultural interests in response to the farm crisis of the 1890s, and more specifically the result of the protests against the agrarian policies of Chancellor Leo von Caprivi, including his free trade policies.
The German Campaign (lit) was fought in 1813.
The German Conservative Party (Deutschkonservative Partei, DKP) was a right-wing political party of the German Empire, founded in 1876.
Leipzig was the lead ship of her class of light cruisers built by the German navy.
The cuisine of Germany has evolved as a national cuisine through centuries of social and political change with variations from region to region.
Z16 Friedrich Eckoldt was a built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine in the late 1930s.
The German destroyer Z4 Richard Beitzen was one of four Type 1934 destroyers built for the German Navy (Kriegsmarine) during the mid-1930s.
Z8 Bruno Heinemann was a built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine in the mid-1930s.
The Deutsche Fährstraße (German Ferry Street), established in May 2004, is a theme route similar to the American National Scenic Byways.
The German Flood Service Medal 2013 (Einsatzmedaille Fluthilfe 2013) is a military and civil award of Germany.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
The German royal election of 1002 was the decision on the succession which was held after the death of Emperor Otto III without heirs.
German submarine U-287 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.
On 4 May 1945 at Lüneburg Heath, east of Hamburg, Field Marshal Sir Bernard Law Montgomery accepted the unconditional surrender of the German forces in the Netherlands, in northwest Germany including all islands, and in Denmark and all naval ships in those areas.
The German tariff of 1879 was a protectionist law passed by the Reichstag (under the guidance of Chancellor Otto von Bismarck) that imposed tariffs on industrial and agricultural imports into Imperial Germany.
The German Timber-Frame Road (German: Deutsche Fachwerkstraße) is a German tourist route leading from the river Elbe in the north to Lake Constance in the south.
German wine is primarily produced in the west of Germany, along the river Rhine and its tributaries, with the oldest plantations going back to the Roman era.
"Germania" was the Roman term for the geographical region in north-central Europe inhabited mainly by Germanic peoples.
Germania Slavica, a historiographic term used since the 1950s, denotes the medieval contact zone between Germans and Slavs in Central Europe.
The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin.
"Germanic Wars" is a name given to a series of wars between the Romans and various Germanic tribes between 113 BC and 596 AD.
The contact between Germanic tribes and Romans can be divided into four aspects as defined by archaeologist Are Kolberg: the military aspect, the trade aspect, the gift aspect and the plunder aspect.
Germanicus (Latin: Germanicus Julius Caesar; 24 May 15 BC – 10 October AD 19) was a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty and a prominent general of the Roman Empire, who was known for his campaigns in Germania.
Germanisation (also spelled Germanization) is the spread of the German language, people and culture or policies which introduced these changes.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
German–Polish relations have a long and complicated history.
Gero I (c. 900 – 20 May 965), called the Great (Latin magnus),Thompson, 486.
Gesta Danorum ("Deeds of the Danes") is a patriotic work of Danish history, by the 13th century author Saxo Grammaticus ("Saxo the Literate", literally "the Grammarian").
The Gewässerkennzahl (GKZ, rarely GWK or GEWKZ) or "waterbody index number/waterbody number" is an identifier with which all watercourses in Germany are numbered, together with their catchments and precipitation areas.
Gisilher, Gisiler, Giseler, or Giselmar (died 1004) was the second Archbishop of Magdeburg, succeeding Saint Adalbert, from 981 until his death in 1004.
Glückstadt (Lykstad) is a town in the Steinburg district of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Glückstadt (also Gelukstadt) is a village some 32 km south-east of Vryheid.
Glen Christiansen is a former Swedish Olympic swimmer.
Globig-Bleddin is a village and a former municipality in Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Globular Amphora Culture (GAC), German Kugelamphoren-Kultur (KAK), ca.
The Glomacze, also Golomacze or Dolomici (Głomacze or Gołomacze, Daleminzier) - were Polabian Slavs inhabiting areas in the middle Elbe (Łaba) valley.
The Goebbels children were the five daughters and one son born to Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels and his wife Magda Goebbels.
The Gohrisch (wrongly also called the Gohrischstein, 440 m) is a table hill in the German region of Saxon Switzerland, left of the River Elbe in Saxony.
A golden bull or chrysobull was a decree issued by Byzantine Emperors and later by monarchs in Europe during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, most notably by the Holy Roman Emperors.
Gorch Fock was the pseudonym of the German author Johann Wilhelm Kinau (22 August 1880 – 31 May 1916).
Gorleben is a small municipality (Gemeinde) in the Gartow region of the Lüchow-Dannenberg district in the far north-east of Lower Saxony, Germany, a region also known as the Wendland.
Gose Elbe is a river of Hamburg, Germany.
The Goseck circle (German: Sonnenobservatorium Goseck) is a Neolithic structure in Goseck in the Burgenlandkreis district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Gotha is the fifth-largest city in Thuringia, Germany, located west of Erfurt and east of Eisenach with a population of 44,000.
The Gottleuba is a small river in the Czech Republic and Germany, left tributary of the Elbe.
Gottlob Friedrich Thormeyer (23 October 1775 - 11 February 1842) was a German representative of neoclassical architecture.
Saint Gottschalk (or Godescalc) (Godescalcus) (died 6 June 1066) was a prince of the Obotrite confederacy from 1043 to 1066.
Grabow (Meckl) station is located on the Berlin–Hamburg railway in Grabow in the south west of the German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
Grauerort fortress is a German artillery fort on Elbe river about 9 km (5.6 mi) north of Stade which was built between 1869 and 1879 to defend the Port of Hamburg.
The Great fire of Hamburg began early on May 5, 1842 in Deichstraße and burned until the morning of May 8, destroying about one third of the buildings in the Altstadt.
During the Great Northern War (1700–1721), many towns and areas of the Circum-Baltic and East-Central Europe suffered from a severe outbreak of the plague with a peak from 1708 to 1712.
The Great Slav Rising in 983 was an uprising of the Polabian Slavs (Wends), mainly Lutici and Obotrite tribes living east of the Elbe River in modern north-east Germany.
The Great Tower Neuwerk is the most significant building of the Neuwerk island, belonging to Hamburg.
The region of Griese Gegend lies in southwestern Mecklenburg in Germany.
The Großer Bärenstein (English: Great Bear Rock) is a high table hill in the German region of Saxon Switzerland in the Free State of Saxony.
Großer Graben and Schiffgraben together are an artificial waterbody with ambiguous flows in Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, partly forming the border of both Länder.
The Großer Knechtsand is a large sandbank beyond the Weser and Elbe estuaries (in the Elbe-Weser Triangle) in the eastern part of Lower Saxony's Wadden Sea off the coast of North Germany.
The Gruson-Gewächshäuser, more formally known as the Gruson-Gewächshäuser Magdeburg Exotische Pflanzensammlung, is a botanical garden located in greenhouses at Schönebecker Strasse 129 b, Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Gudfred was a ninth century Danish king who is held to have reigned from about 804 to about 810.
Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer (2 February 1808 – 3 March 1887) was a Jurist, Journalist and Natural history researcher.
Gustav Karsten (24 November 1820, in Berlin – 16 March 1900, in Kiel) was a German physicist.
Gustav Neuring (1879 - April 12, 1919) was a German politician.
This is a History of Sweden from 1772 through 1809, more known as the Gustavian era of Kings Gustav III and Gustav IV, as well as the reign of King Charles XIII of Sweden.
The Gustow group (Gustow Gruppe or Gustower Gruppe, grupa gustowska) is an archaeological culture of the Roman Iron Age in Western Pomerania.
(lit. Manor Moor) is a quarter of Hamburg, Germany, in the borough of Harburg on its southeastern boundaries adjacent to Harburg district in Niedersachsen.
The HADAG, (full name HADAG Seetouristik und Fährdienst AG, literally "HADAG Sea-tourism and Ferry service") is a local public transport company in Hamburg, Germany.
Hadeln is a former Samtgemeinde ("collective municipality") in the district of Cuxhaven, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
HafenCity is a quarter in the district of Hamburg-Mitte, Hamburg, Germany, Europe.
Haldensleben is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Halle–Bebra railway, also known in German as the Thüringer Bahn ("Thuringian Railway"), is a 210 kilometre-long railway line from Halle (Saale) via Erfurt and Gerstungen to Bebra, mainly in Thuringia.
Halsbrücker Esse is a smokestack to the north of Halsbrücke near Freiberg.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
The Hamburg Half Marathon is an annual road running event held in Hamburg, Germany.
Hamburg Hauptbahnhof (abbrev. Hamburg Hbf) is the main railway station of the city of Hamburg, Germany and is classed by Deutsche Bahn as a category 1 railway station.
The Hamburg Police (Hamburger Polizei or Polizei Hamburg) is the German Landespolizei force for the city-state of Hamburg.
The Hamburg U-Bahn is a rapid transit system serving the cities of Hamburg, Norderstedt and Ahrensburg in Germany.
The Hamburg Wadden Sea National Park (Hamburgisches Wattenmeer) is the smallest of the three German Wadden Sea National Parks which protect the single ecological entity of the Waddensea of Hamburg (UNESCO biosphere reserve) reaching from Den Helder to Esbjerg.
The Wallring is a semi-circular urban ensemble encircling the inner city of Hamburg.
Hamburg-Altona (or simply Altona) is a railway station in Hamburg, Germany, situated to the west of the city's main station, in the district which bears its name.
The Hamburg-Altona–Neumünster railway is the original line of the AKN Eisenbahn (railway) in the German states of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein.
Hamburger Flugzeugbau (HFB) was an aircraft manufacturer, located primarily in the Finkenwerder quarter of Hamburg, Germany.
Hamburger Hochbahn AG (HHA), founded in 1911, operates the underground system and large parts of the bus system in Hamburg, Germany.
The Hamburger Verkehrsverbund (HVV) ("Hamburg Transport Association") is a company coordinating public transport in and around Hamburg, Germany.
Hammerbrook is a quarter (Stadtteil) in the Hamburg-Mitte borough of the Free and Hanseatic city of Hamburg in Germany.
Hammerbrook is an elevated railway station on the Harburg S-Bahn line, served by the city trains of Hamburg S-Bahn.
The Hanover–Berlin high-speed railway is a 258 kilometre railway line linking the German cities of Hanover and Berlin The Wolfsburg-Berlin section was built as a new line and runs largely parallel to the Lehrter Bahn (the old Berlin-Hanover railway) opened in 1871.
The Hanover–Hamburg railway is one of the most important railway lines in Lower Saxony and Germany.
Hans Georg Lehmann (born 1939, in Dessau, Germany) is a retired German photographer who is noted for his spy shots of prototype automobiles whilst they undergo testing stages, frequenting in locations where test sessions are likely to occur.
Hans Joachim von Zieten, sometimes spelled Johann Joachim von Ziethen, (14 May 1699 – 26 January 1786), also known as Zieten aus dem Busch, was a cavalry general in the Prussian Army.
Hans Krebs (4 March 1898 – 2 May 1945) was a German Army general of infantry who served during World War II.
Hans Nieland (3 October 1900 in Hagen – 29 August 1976 in Reinbek near Hamburg) was a politician of the German Nazi-Party (NSDAP) and Lord Mayor of Dresden from 1940 until 1945.
Hans Unger (August 26, 1872 – August 13, 1936) was a German painter who was, during his lifetime, a highly respected Art Nouveau artist.
Johannes Friedrich "Hans" von Seeckt (22 April 1866 – 27 December 1936) was a German military officer who served as Chief of Staff to August von Mackensen, and was a central figure in planning the victories Mackensen achieved for Germany in the east during the First World War.
Harald 'Klak' Halfdansson (c. 785 – c. 852) was a king in Jutland (and possibly other parts of Denmark) around 812–814 and again from 819–827.
is a quarter (Stadtteil) in the homonymous borough (Bezirk) of Hamburg, Germany.
Harburg (UN/LOCODE: DE HBU) is a borough of the city of Hamburg, Germany.
Harrachov (Harrachsdorf) is a town in Semily District, Liberec Region, in the northern Czech Republic, close to the border with Poland.
Harry Naujoks (September 18, 1901 – October 20, 1983) was a German anti-fascist and communist and survivor of Sachsenhausen concentration camp.
Henri Leonard Thomas Peulevé DSO, MC (29 January 1916 – 18 March 1963) was an agent of the Special Operations Executive (SOE), who undertook two missions in occupied France and escaped from Buchenwald concentration camp.
Hartwig Karl von Wartenberg (3 April 1711 in Prignitz–2 May 1757 at Alt-Bunzlau) was the Royal Prussian major general and Proprietor (Inhaber) of the Hussars Regiment No.
The Harz is a Mittelgebirge that has the highest elevations in Northern Germany and its rugged terrain extends across parts of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Thuringia.
Haseldorf is a municipality in the district of Pinneberg, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
The Havel is a river in north-eastern Germany, flowing through the German states of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg, Berlin and Saxony-Anhalt.
Havelland is a district or county in Brandenburg, Germany.
Hærvejen (Danish, literally: the army road, Ochsenweg, literally: oxen way, Ossenpadd, literally: oxen path), sometimes referred to in English as the Ox Road, is the name given to an ancient trackway in Denmark and Schleswig-Holstein.
Hřensko (Herrnskretschen) is a small village of approximately 275 inhabitants in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic on the border with Germany.
Heřmanice (Hermanitz an der Elbe) is a village and municipality located along the Elbe River in Náchod District in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic.
Heidenau is a town in the Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Heinz Pehlke (October 8, 1922 – March 12, 2002) was a freelance German cinematographer in film and television.
The Helfenberger Bach is a small river of Saxony, Germany.
Helicopter Wing 64 (Hubschraubergeschwader 64) is a wing of the German Air Force (Luftwaffe).
Heligoland (Helgoland; Heligolandic Frisian: deät Lun, Mooring Frisian: Hålilönj) is a small German archipelago in the North Sea.
The Heligoland Bight, also known as Helgoland Bight, (Helgoländer Bucht) is a bay which forms the southern part of the German Bight, itself a bay of the North Sea, located at the mouth of the Elbe river.
In the Middle Ages, Hellweg was the official and common name given to main travelling routes in Germany.
Hendrik Carloff (died after 1677) was an adventurer active in the 17th century.
Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne, often called simply Turenne (11 September 161127 July 1675) was a French Marshal General and the most illustrious member of the La Tour d'Auvergne family.
Henriette Roosenburg (26 May 1916 – 1972) was a Dutch journalist and political prisoner, perhaps best known for her memoir The Walls Came Tumbling Down, about her attempts to return to the Netherlands from Germany after being released from prison at the end of World War II.
Henrik Ruse, Baron of Rysensteen (Henrick, Hendrick, Hendrik, Henri, Henry; Rusensteen, Russenstein, Rusenstein), né Henrik Ruse (Rüse, Rusius, Ryse), (9 April 1624 - 22 February 1679) was a Dutch officer and fortification engineer.
Henry (before 1066 – 22 March or 7 June 1127) was an Obotrite prince or king (1093–1127) from the Nakonid dynasty; he was regarded by contemporaries as "King of the Slavs" (rex Slavorum).
Captain Henry Inman (1762 – 15 July 1809) was a British Royal Navy officer during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, serving in the American Revolutionary War, the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.
Henry the Fowler (Heinrich der Finkler or Heinrich der Vogler; Henricus Auceps) (876 – 2 July 936) was the duke of Saxony from 912 and the elected king of East Francia (Germany) from 919 until his death in 936.
Henry Wheaton (November 27, 1785 – March 11, 1848) was a United States lawyer, jurist and diplomat.
Herbertstraße (until 1922 Heinrichstraße) is a well-known street in the St. Pauli district of Hamburg, located near the main red light district Reeperbahn.
Hermann Billung (900 or 912 – 27 March 973) was the Margrave of the Billung March from 936 until his death.
Hermann August Jacques Gruson (March 13, 1821 Magdeburg - January 30, 1895) was a German engineer, inventor and industrial entrepreneur.
Hermann Lungkwitz (1813–1891) was a 19th-century German-born Texas romantic landscape artist and photographer whose work became the first pictoral record of the Texas Hill Country.
Hermann Schlichting (22 September 1907 – 15 June 1982) was a German fluid dynamics engineer.
Hermann Schubert (26 January 1886 - 22 March 1938) was a German activist and politician (KPD).
The Hermunduri, Hermanduri, Hermunduli, Hermonduri, or Hermonduli were an ancient Germanic tribe, who occupied an area near the Elbe river, around what is now Thuringia, Bohemia, Saxony (in East Germany), and Franconia in northern Bavaria, from the first to the third century.
Herzhorn is a municipality in the district of Steinburg, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Herzogtum Lauenburg (Duchy of Lauenburg) is the southernmost Kreis, or district, of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Hetlingen is a municipality in the district of Pinneberg in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that commenced around 1000 AD and lasted until around 1250 AD.
The High Seas Fleet (Hochseeflotte) was the battle fleet of the German Imperial Navy and saw action during the First World War.
Hildebold of Wunstorf (? - 1273), also Hildbold, was the Prince-Archbishop of Bremen from 1258 until his death.
Himmelpforten (Low Saxon: Himmelpoorten) is a municipality west of Hamburg (Germany) in the district of Stade in Lower Saxony.
Himmelpforten Convent (Low Saxon: Klooster Hemelpoorten, Kloster Himmelpforten; Conventus Porta Coeli) was founded as a monastery of nuns following the Cistercian Rule during the 13th century in Himmelpforten, in today's Lower Saxony, Germany.
His Majesty's Hired armed cutter Princess Augusta served the Royal Navy from 12 July 1803 to 2 May 1814.
The history of Bavaria stretches from its earliest settlement and its formation as a stem duchy in the 6th century through its inclusion in the Holy Roman Empire to its status as an independent kingdom and finally as a large Bundesland (state) of the modern Federal Republic of Germany.
The history of Berlin starts with its foundation in the 13th century.
The history of Europe covers the peoples inhabiting Europe from prehistory to the present.
The presence of German-speaking populations in Central and Eastern Europe is rooted in centuries of history, with the settling in northeastern Europe of Germanic peoples predating even the founding of the Roman Empire.
The concept of Germany as a distinct region in central Europe can be traced to Roman commander Julius Caesar, who referred to the unconquered area east of the Rhine as Germania, thus distinguishing it from Gaul (France), which he had conquered.
Goslar is a world heritage site in Germany.
Hanover (Hannover) is a territory that was at various times a principality within the Holy Roman Empire, an Electorate within the same, an independent Kingdom, and a subordinate Province within the Kingdom of Prussia.
Infrastructure before 1700 consisted mainly of roads and canals.
Various nomadic empires, including the Xiongnu (3rd century BCE to 1st century CE), the Xianbei state (93 to 234 CE), the Rouran Khaganate (330-555), the Turkic Khaganate (552-744) and others, ruled the area of present-day Mongolia.
The history of Poland from 1939 to 1945 encompasses primarily the period from the Invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany to the end of World War II.
The history of rail transport in Germany can be traced back to the 16th century.
The history of Saxony consists of what was originally a small tribe living on the North Sea between the Elbe and Eider River in the present Holstein.
The history of Saxony-Anhalt began with Old Saxony, which was conquered by Charlemagne in 804 and transformed into the Duchy of Saxony within the Carolingian Empire.
The history of Schleswig-Holstein consists of the corpus of facts since the pre-history times until the modern establishing of the Schleswig-Holstein state.
Like slavery, serfdom has a long history, dating to the Ancient Times.
In the second half of the 2nd millennium B.C. (late Bronze Age) Silesia belonged to the Lusatian culture.
The history of what are now known as the Czech lands (České země) is very diverse.
The Jews in Belarus were the third largest ethnic group in the country in the first half of the 20th century.
The Jewish community of Denmark constitutes a small minority within Danish society.
The history of the Jews in Lithuania spans the period from the 8th century to the present day.
The North Sea, though often an area of conflict, has an extensive history of maritime commerce and trade routes between its coastal nations whose economies and industries were also able to exploit its resources.
The history of the Roman Empire covers the history of Ancient Rome from the fall of the Roman Republic in 27 BC until the abdication of the last Western emperor in 476 AD.
The actual boundaries of the Ruhr vary slightly depending on the source, but a good working definition is to define the Lippe and Ruhr as its northern and southern boundaries respectively, the Rhine as its western boundary, and the town of Hamm as the eastern limit.
Hitzacker is a town in the Lüchow-Dannenberg district of Lower Saxony, Germany.
HMS Basilisk was a built by Randall in Rotherhithe and launched in 1801.
HMS Brev Drageren (also Brevdrageren) was the Danish let brigger (light brig) Brevdrageren, which was one of the many vessels the Danes surrendered to the British after the Battle of Copenhagen in 1807.
HMS Bulwark is the second ship of the Royal Navy's assault ships.
HMS Daring was the nameship of the s authorised in 1944.
HMS Musquito (or Mosquito).
HMS Patriot was a Dutch schuyt that the Royal Navy captured in 1808 and took into service.
HMS Phoenix was a 36-gun ''Perseverance''-class fifth-rate frigate of the Royal Navy.
HMS Piercer was a Royal Navy launched in 1804.
The Admiralty purchased HMS Pigeon on 28 May 1805 for use as a despatch cutter.
Several Royal Navy ships have borne the name HMS Proserpine.
HMS Proserpine was a 28-gun ''Enterprise''-class sixth-rate frigate of the Royal Navy.
HMS St Albans is a Type 23 frigate of the Royal Navy.
HMS Ursula was a U-class submarine, of the first group of that class constructed for the Royal Navy.
HMS Whitehall, pennant number D94, later I94, was a Modified W-class destroyer of the British Royal Navy that saw service in the Second World War.
The Hohes Holz (literally: "High Wood") is an extended forest area on the western rim of the otherwise open, agriculturally intensively-farmed Magdeburg Börde region in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt.
Hollern-Twielenfleth is a municipality in the district of Stade, Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Holmer Sandberge is an inland dune area in the municipality of Holm in the district of Pinneberg in Schleswig-Holstein (Germany).
Holstein (Northern Low Saxon: Holsteen, Holsten, Latin and historical Holsatia) is the region between the rivers Elbe and Eider.
Holstein-Glückstadt or Schleswig-Holstein-Glückstadt is the historiographical name, as well as contemporary shorthand name, for the parts of the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein that were ruled by the Kings of Denmark in their function as dukes of Schleswig and Holstein, thus also known as Royal Schleswig-Holstein.
The Holy Way (Heilige Weg) came about as a result of the canonization of Bishop Benno of Meissen.
Horst Metz is a German politician.
Horst Wolfgang Böhme (born May 1, 1940 in Szczecin) is a German archaeologist with a focus on Late Antiquity / Early Middle Ages and research into castles.
Hostinné (Arnau) is a town in the Czech Republic.
A hotelship is a passenger ship which is used for a short period as a hotel.
The House of Bismarck is a German noble family that rose to prominence in the 19th century, largely through the achievements of the statesman Otto von Bismarck.
The House Urns culture was an early Iron Age culture of the 7th century BC in central Germany, in the Region between Harz Mountains and the junction of river Saale to river Elbe.
The houting (Coregonus oxyrinchus) is a European, allegedly extinct species of whitefish in the family Salmonidae.
Hradec Králové (Königgrätz) is a city of the Czech Republic, in the Hradec Králové Region of Bohemia.
Hradec Králové Region (Královéhradecký kraj,; Kraj hradecki) is an administrative unit (kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the north-eastern part of the historical region of Bohemia.
Hurricane Gonzalo was the strongest hurricane in 2014, the first hurricane to impact the Leeward Islands since Earl in 2010 as well as the second tropical cyclone, after Hurricane Fay, to directly strike the island of Bermuda in a one-week time frame in October 2014.
Huysburg (Kloster Huysburg) is a Benedictine monastery situated on the Huy hill range near Halberstadt, in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt.
An icebreaker is a special-purpose ship or boat designed to move and navigate through ice-covered waters, and provide safe waterways for other boats and ships.
The icebreakers of Germany include one large icebreaker, used for International polar research and dozens of smaller icebreakers that clear navigation channels of ice in Germany's territorial waters.
Ihle is a river of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
II Cavalry Corps (Grande Armée) was a French military formation during the Napoleonic Wars.
The III Cavalry Corps (Grande Armée) was a French military formation that fought during the Napoleonic Wars.
The Ilmenau (in its upper course: Stederau) is a river in the south of Hamburg, Lower Saxony, Germany, which is one of the left tributaries of the Elbe.
Ilmenau is a Samtgemeinde ("collective municipality") in the district of Lüneburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Ilya Arkhipovich Vlasenko (19 August 1902 – 11 May 1963) (Ілля Архипович Власенко, Ілья Архіпавіч Уласенка, Илья Архипович Власенко) was a political commissar in the Red Army during and following World War II.
The Imperial Roman army are the terrestrial armed forces deployed by the Roman Empire from about 30 BC to 476 AD.
Topics related to Germany (sorted alphabetically) include.
The Innere Neustadt (Inner New City) is a neighborhood in Dresden within the administrative district of Neustadt.
The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) is an intergovernmental organization created by the mandate of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea.
The Internationales Maritimes Museum Hamburg (abbr. IMMH, International Maritime Museum) is a private museum in the HafenCity quarter of Hamburg, Germany.
The Invasion of Hanover took place in 1757 during the Seven Years' War when a French army under Louis Charles César Le Tellier, duc d'Estrées advanced into the Electorate of Hanover and neighbouring German states following the Battle of Hastenbeck.
Ir sult sprechen willekomen is a poem by Walther von der Vogelweide.
Irina Nikolaevna Levchenko (15 March 1924 – 8 January 1973) was a Russian tank commander in the Red Army during the Second World War.
The Irminones, also referred to as Herminones or Hermiones (Ἑρμίονες), were a large group of early Germanic tribes settling in the Elbe watershed and by the 1st century AD expanding into Bavaria, Swabia and Bohemia.
The Iron Mountains (Železné hory) is a mountain range in the Czech Republic, which is a part of the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands.
The Ise is a 43 km long, almost natural river in East Lower Saxony, Germany, which crosses the district of Gifhorn from north to south and discharges into the Aller at Gifhorn itself.
Below is list of Italian language exonyms for places in non-Italian-speaking areas of Europe: In recent years, the use of Italian exonyms for lesser known places has significantly decreased, in favour of the foreign toponym.
Itzehoe (Itzhoe) is a town in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
Ivan Tikhonovich Grishin (Russian: Иван Тихонович Гришин; 16 December 1901 – 20 June 1951) was a Soviet Army Colonel general and Hero of the Soviet Union.
The IX Tactical Air Command is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The Jahna is a river of Saxony, Germany.
The Jahnabach is a river of Saxony, Germany.
Brigadier Stanley James Ledger Hill & Two Bars, MC (14 March 1911 – 16 March 2006) was a British Army officer, who served as commander of the 3rd Parachute Brigade, part of the 6th Airborne Division, during World War II.
James Maurice "Jumpin' Jim" Gavin (March 22, 1907 – February 23, 1990) was a senior United States Army officer, with the rank of lieutenant general, who was the third Commanding General (CG) of the 82nd Airborne Division during World War II.
James Meadows Rendel FRS (December 1799 – 21 November 1856) was a British civil engineer.
James Ogilvy, 7th Earl of Findlater and 4th Earl of Seafield (10 April 17505 October 1811) was a Scottish peer and an accomplished amateur landscape architect and philanthropist.
James Postlethwaite was a schooner, launched in 1881.
Admiral Sir James Scott, KCB (18 June 1790 – 2 March 1872), was a British Royal Navy officer.
James William Lair (often referred to as Bill Lair) (4 July 1924 – October 28, 2014) was an influential Central Intelligence Agency paramilitary officer from the Special Activities Division.
Jan (also: Johann) Friedrich Wilhelm Bohls (19 November 1863 – 3 April 1950) was a German zoologist, independent scholar, folklorist and Heimatforscher.
Jan Dismas Zelenka (baptised Jan Lukáš Zelenka 16 October 1679 – 23 December 1745), also known as Johann Dismas Zelenka, sometimes Johannes Lucas Ignatius Dismas Zelenka, was a Czech composer and musician of the Baroque period.
The following events occurred in January 1956.
Japanisches Palais (English: Japanese Palace) is a Baroque building in Dresden, Germany, on the Neustadt bank of the river Elbe.
Jaroměř (Jermer) is a town in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic.
The Jastorf culture was an Iron Age material culture in what are now southern Scandinavia and north Germany, spanning the 6th to 1st centuries BC, forming the southern part of the Pre-Roman Iron Age.
The Jauch family of Germany is a Hanseatic family which can be traced back till the Late Middle Ages.
Jílové (Eulau) is a town in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic.
Prince Józef Antoni Poniatowski (7 May 1763 – 19 October 1813) was a Polish leader, general, minister of war and army chief, who became a Marshal of the French Empire.
Jürgen Klimke (born 2 July 1948, in Hamburg) is a German politician and member of the conservative party CDU - Christian Democratic Union of Germany (German: Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands).
Jürgen Wagner (9 September 1901 in Strasbourg – 27 June 1947 in Belgrade) was a Brigadeführer in the Waffen SS during World War II, he was the commander of the SS Division Nederland and was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.
Jean François Cornu de La Poype (31 May 1758 – 27 January 1851) was a French military leader.
Jean-Toussaint Arrighi de Casanova (born 8 March 1778 in Corte; died 22 March 1853 in Paris), duc de Padova, was a French diplomat and soldier of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
The river Jeetzel, which begins in the Altmark under the name Jeetze, flows from Saxony-Anhalt through Lower Saxony, in Germany.
Jena is a German university city and the second largest city in Thuringia.
Jenisch House (Jenisch-Haus) is a country house in Hamburg built in the 19th century and an example of Hanseatic lifestyle and neoclassical architecture.
The Jenisch park is the oldest landscaped park in Hamburg, Germany, located in the Othmarschen quarter at the Geest shore of River Elbe.
Jerichow is a town on the east side of the Elbe River, in the District of Jerichower Land, of the state of Saxony-Anhalt in Germany.
The Jerichow Monastery (Kloster Jerichow) is a former Premonstratensian monastery located in the northern outskirts of Jerichow, near the shores of the Elbe River, in the state of Saxony-Anhalt of Germany.
Jerichower Land is a district (Kreis) in the north-east of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Jizera (Iser; Izera) is a river that begins on the border between Poland and the Czech Republic (in Silesia) and ends in Central Bohemia.
Johan Christian Claussen Dahl (24 February 178814 October 1857), often known as or was a Norwegian artist who is considered the first great romantic painter in Norway, the founder of the "golden age" of Norwegian painting, and one of the greatest European artists of all time.
Johann-Andreas Schubert (19 March 1808 – 6 October 1870) was a German general engineer (Universalingenieur), designer and university lecturer.
Johann Rode von Wale (c. 1445 – 4 December 1511, Vörde; distinguished from his namesake uncle as Johann Rode the Younger; also Johann Roden Bok, or Rhode, Latinised: Iohannes Rufus de Wale) was a Catholic cleric, a Doctor of Canon and Civil Law, a chronicler, a long-serving government official (1468–1497) and as John III (Johannes III.) Prince-archbishop of Bremen between 1497 and 1511.
Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly (Johan t'Serclaes; February 1559 – 30 April 1632) was a field marshal who commanded the Catholic League's forces in the Thirty Years' War.
Johann von Rist (8 March 1607 – 31 August 1667) was a German poet and dramatist best known for the hymns he wrote.
Johannes Müller (19 April 1864 - 4 January 1949) was an unconventional German Protestant theologian.
The Johannstadt Neustadt Ferry is a passenger ferry across the Elbe river in Germany.
John Francis Regis "Jeff" Seitz (May 22, 1908 - October 10, 1978) was a career United States Army officer who retired as Deputy Commander of the First United States Army in 1966 at the grade of major general.
John George I (German: Johann Georg I.) (5 March 1585 – 8 October 1656) was Elector of Saxony from 1611 to 1656.
Major General John Huston Church (June 28, 1892 – November 3, 1953) was a senior officer in the United States Army.
Lieutenant Colonel Sir John "Johnny" Frederick Dame Johnston (24 August 1922 – 10 September 2006) was an officer in the British Army and then joined the Royal Household, serving as Assistant Comptroller and then Comptroller of the Lord Chamberlain's Office.
John Franklin MacVane (April 29, 1912 – January 28, 1984) was an American broadcast journalist and war correspondent.
John Rogers (c. 1505 – 4 February 1555) was an English clergyman, Bible translator and commentator.
John V, Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst (also counted as John XIV, including also non-ruling namesake siblings; 1460, Oldenburg – 10 February 1526, Oldenburg) was a member of the House of Oldenburg.
John (Danish, Norwegian and Hans; né Johannes) (2 February 1455 – 20 February 1513) was a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union.
Jork is a small town on the left bank of the Elbe, near Hamburg (Germany).
Paul Joseph Goebbels (29 October 1897 – 1 May 1945) was a German Nazi politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945.
Joseph (Joe) Polowsky (1916–1983) was an American soldier who with others met Soviet troops on the banks of Elbe River on April 25, 1945 and later became an anti-war activist.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Jossa is a river of Hesse, Germany.
Jukka M. Heikkilä (born 1966) is a Finnish author.
Julius von Ehren (23 August 1864 - 8 November 1944) was a German Post-Impressionist painter.
The following events occurred in July 1927.
The following events occurred in June 1900.
The following events occurred in June 1937.
The Junkers were members of the landed nobility in Prussia.
The lime tree of Kaditz is a natural landmark situated in the churchyard of Emmaus Church in Kaditz, a district of Dresden in Saxony, Germany.
The Kaitzbach is a small river of Saxony, Germany.
The Kamenice is a 35.6-kilometre-long river in the Děčín District, in northwestern Czech Republic.
The Kamnitz Gorge (Soutěsky Kamenice, Kamnitzklamm or Edmundsklamm) is a rocky ravine between Hřensko (Herrnskretschen), Mezná and Srbská Kamenice in Bohemian Switzerland in the Czech Republic.
Kampfgruppe 1001 Nights (1001 Nacht) was a German Kampfgruppe formed on the Oder front during the final German offensive of the Second World War, taking part in the failed attack on Genschmar on 27 March 1945.
The Karkonosze National Park (Karkonoski Park Narodowy) is a National Park in the Karkonosze (Krkonoše) Mountains in southwestern Poland, along the border with the Czech Republic.
Karl Eberhard Herwarth von Bittenfeld (Charles Everard Herward of Bittenfield; 4 September 1796 – 2 September 1884) was a Prussian field marshal (German: Generalfeldmarschall).
Karl Gottfried Maeser (January 16, 1828 – February 15, 1901) was a prominent Utah educator and a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
Karl Ludwig von Lecoq or Karl Ludwig von Le Coq, born 23 September 1754 – died 14 February 1829, of French Huguenot ancestry, first joined the army of the Electorate of Saxony.
Karl Sieveking, born 1 November 1787 in Hamburg, died 30 June 30 1847, was a Syndicus of Hamburg, diplomat, politician, patron of the arts and philanthropist.
Karl, Count Chotek of Chotkow and Wognin (Karel hrabě Chotek z Chotkova a Vojnína, Karl Graf Chotek von Chotkow und Wognin); (23 July 1783 – 18 December 1868) was an Austrian chancellor, Government President (Gubernialpräsident) and school reformer of Bohemia and honorary citizen of Innsbruck and Prague.
Käbnitz is a stream of Saxony, Germany in Königsbrück.
Köhlbrand is an anabranch of the Unterelbe river in the Port of Hamburg, Germany.
The Köhlbrand Bridge (Köhlbrandbrücke) is a cable-stayed bridge in Hamburg, Germany,Stahl, F. L., & Gagnon, C. P. (1996).
The Königshafen ("king's harbour") is the northernmost bight of the North Frisian island of Sylt in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein and thus also the northernmost bay in Germany.
Königstein Fortress (Festung Königstein), the "Saxon Bastille", is a hilltop fortress near Dresden, in Saxon Switzerland, Germany, above the town of Königstein on the left bank of the River Elbe.
Königstein is a town in the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
Köthen was a district (Kreis) in the middle of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Kehdingen is the name of a landscape in the north German district of Stade on the Lower Elbe, the lower reaches of the River Elbe.
The Keiler is a new river icebreaker commissioned in December 2011 to serve as the flagship of Lauenburg's Water and Shipping Authority fleet of ten icebreakers, on the Elbe River.
The Keppbach is a river of Saxony, Germany.
The Ketzerbach is a river of Saxony, Germany.
Khunti (खूंटी) is the headquarter of Khunti district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.
The Kieferle, near Steinheid in the county of Sonneberg, is a mountain,, in the Thuringian Highland and the second highest mountain of this range, which forms the eastern part of the Thuringian Forest.
The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (KSLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army, formed in the Childers Reforms of 1881, but with antecedents dating back to 1755.
The Kingdom of Hanover (Königreich Hannover) was established in October 1814 by the Congress of Vienna, with the restoration of George III to his Hanoverian territories after the Napoleonic era.
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
The Kingdom of Westphalia was a kingdom in Germany, with a population of 2.6 million, that existed from 1807 to 1813.
Kirchwerder is a quarter of Hamburg, Germany, in the borough of Bergedorf.
The Kirnitzsch, in Bohemia also called the Kirnischt (Křinice), is a right tributary of the River Elbe, which passes through the Czech Republic and the German Free State of Saxony.
The Kirnitzschtal tramway, also known as the Kirnitzschtalbahn (Kirnitzsch Valley Tramway), is an electric tramway in Saxony, Germany.
Klöden is a village and a former municipality in Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Klövensteen is a woodland area west of Hamburg, Germany.
Klein Flottbek (Small Flottbek) is a sub-urban district and neighbourhood in the quarters of Nienstedten, Othmarschen and Osdorf, located in the Altona borough of Hamburg, Germany.
The Kleiner Bärenstein (English: Little Bear Rock) is a high table hill in the German region of Saxon Switzerland in the Free State of Saxony.
is a quarter (Stadtteil) of Hamburg, Germany within the borough (Bezirk) of Hamburg-Mitte.
The Klejnárka is a river which flows through the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.
Klinke is a small river of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Knaanic (also called Canaanic, Leshon Knaan, Judaeo-Czech, Judeo-Slavic) is an extinct West Slavic Jewish language, formerly spoken in the lands of the Western Slavs, notably the Czech lands, but also the lands of modern Poland, Lusatia, and other Sorbian regions.
Kolín (Kolin) is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic some east from Prague, lying on the Elbe River.
Konárovice is a municipality (obec) in the Kolín District of the Czech Republic.
A koog (plural: köge) or groden is a type of polder found on the North Sea coast of Germany that is established by the construction of dykes enclosing the land which is then drained to form marshland.
Krückau is a river of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Krümmel Nuclear Power Plant is a nuclear power plant in Geesthacht near Hamburg, Germany.
The Kremitz is a river in the German states of Brandenburg and Saxony-Anhalt.
The Krempe Marsh (Kremper Marsch or Krempemarsch) is one of the Holstein Elbe marshes and lies northeast of the River Elbe between its tributaries of the Krückau and Stör and the edge of the geest.
The Krippenbach is a small river of Saxony, Germany.
The Krkonoše (Czech), Karkonosze (Polish), Riesengebirge (German), Riesageberge (Silesian German) or Giant Mountains, are a mountain range located in the north of the Czech Republic and the south-west of Poland, part of the Sudetes mountain system (part of the Bohemian Massif).
The Kugelbake (Ball Beacon) is a historic aid to navigation in the city of Cuxhaven, Germany, at the northernmost point of Lower Saxony, where the River Elbe flows into the North Sea.
Kuks (German: Kukus) is a village in the Czech Republic, Hradec Králové Region, Trutnov District.
The Kulmer Steig is a byword for transport links from the Elbe valley over the eastern part of the Eastern Ore Mountains to Bohemian Chlumec u Chabařovic (German: Kulm), hence the name which means "Kulm Trail".
Kurregion Elbe-Heideland was a Verwaltungsgemeinschaft ("administrative community") in the district of Wittenberg, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Kurt Epstein (January 29, 1904 – February 1, 1975) was a Czechoslovakian Olympic water polo player and survivor of Nazi concentration camps.
Labe can refer to.
Labrun is a village and a former municipality in Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Lachsbach, also called the Rathmannsdorfer Bach, is the largest, right-hand tributary of the Elbe in Saxon Switzerland.
Lake Schwerin (Schweriner See) is a lake in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, northern Germany.
Land Hadeln is a historic landscape and former administrative district in Northern Germany with its seat in Otterndorf on the Lower Elbe, the lower reaches of the River Elbe, in the Elbe-Weser Triangle between the estuaries of the Elbe and Weser.
Landesausbau describes medieval settlement and cultivation processes in regions of Western Europe that were previously only sparsely populated or uninhabitable.
The Landgraben is a small river of Saxony, Germany.
A landlocked state or landlocked country is a sovereign state entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas.
The Langenstein-Zwieberge was a concentration camp, an under-camp of the Buchenwald concentration camp.
General Sir Lashmer Gordon Whistler, 3 September 1898 – 4 July 1963), known as "Bolo", was a British Army officer who served in both the world wars. A junior officer during the First World War, during the Second World War he achieved senior rank serving with Field Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery in North Africa and North-western Europe from 1942 to 1945. Montgomery considered that Whistler "was about the best infantry brigade commander I knew". In peacetime, his outstanding powers of leadership were shown in a series of roles in the decolonisation process, and he reached the four-star rank of a full general, without having attended the Staff College, Camberley, then considered almost essential for an officer wishing to attain high rank, and which a significant majority of the British generals of the war had attended. This, in Richard Mead's words, was "proof that lacking a Staff College qualification was no barrier to advancement for the right man."Mead (2007), p. 484.
The Laubegast Niederpoyritz Ferry is a passenger ferry across the Elbe river in Germany.
Lauenburg, or Lauenburg an der Elbe (Lauenburg/Elbe), is a town in the state of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
The Lauenburg-Hohnstorf Ferry (German: Trajekt Lauenburg-Hohnstorf or Lauenburg-Hohnstorfer Elb-Traject-Anstalt) was a railway ferry over the River Elbe between Hohnstorf on the left bank of the Elbe in the old Kingdom of Hanover (which became the Prussian province of Hanover in 1866) and Lauenburg in the Duchy of Lauenburg on the right bank which was then part of Denmark.
The Lößnitzbach is a river of Saxony, Germany.
The Löcknitz is a river in northern Germany (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg and a few kilometres in Lower Saxony).
Lübeck is a city in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany, and one of the major ports of Germany.
The Lübeck–Lüneburg railway line is a 77 kilometre-long, single-track non-electrified rail link from Lübeck on the Baltic coast of the German state of Schleswig-Holstein to Lüneburg in Lower Saxony.
Lüchow (Wendland) is a city in northeastern Lower Saxony, in Germany.
Lüchow-Dannenberg is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany, which is usually referred to as Hanoverian Wendland (Hannoversches Wendland) or Wendland.
The Lühe (Low Saxon: Lü(h)) is a river in northern Germany in the district of Stade in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Lühesand is a small island of in the river Elbe (here the Lower Elbe), east of Stade in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Lüneburg (officially the Hanseatic City of Lüneburg, German: Hansestadt Lüneburg,, Low German Lümborg, Latin Luneburgum or Lunaburgum, Old High German Luneburc, Old Saxon Hliuni, Polabian Glain), also called Lunenburg in English, is a town in the German state of Lower Saxony.
Lüneburg is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Lüneburg Heath (Lüneburger Heide) is a large area of heath, geest, and woodland in the northeastern part of the state of Lower Saxony in northern Germany.
Leading lights (also known as range lights in the United States) are a pair of light beacons, used in navigation to indicate a safe passage for vessels entering a shallow or dangerous channel; and may also be used for position fixing.
The Lechitic (or Lekhitic) languages are a language subgroup consisting of Polish and several other languages and dialects that originally were spoken in the area.
Legionella dresdenensis is a Gram-negative, oxidase-negative, aerobic, nonspore-forming bacterium from the genus Legionella which was isolated from the Elbe in Dresden in Germany.
The Leicester Town Rifles was an early unit of the British Volunteer Force raised in 1859.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
The Leipzig BayDickinson (1964), p. 29.
The Leipzig–Dresden line is a German railway line.
The Leipzig–Dresden Railway Company (Leipzig-Dresdner Eisenbahn-Compagnie) or LDE was a private railway company in the Kingdom of Saxony, now a part of Germany.
Leith (Lìte) is an area to the north of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, at the mouth of the Water of Leith.
Lenzen (Elbe) is a small town in the district of Prignitz, in Brandenburg, Germany.
Leopoldschlag is a municipality in the district of Freistadt in the Austrian state of Upper Austria.
The Leopoldus Primus, also called Leopold I, was the first convoy ship commissioned to protect the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg.
Leuphana (Λευφάνα) is a city name, first mentioned by Ptolemy in the year 150 in the Atlas Geographia.
The Leuphana University of Lüneburg is a public university in Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Lex Thuringorum ("Law of the Thuringians") is a law code that survives today in one 10th-century manuscript, the Codex Corbeiensis, alongside a copy of the Lex Saxonum, the law of the Saxons.
Liběchov (Liboch) is a small town in Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic located about 36 km north of Prague on right bank of the Elbe River, approximately in half way between towns of Mělník and Štětí.
Libice nad Cidlinou is a village in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.
The Limes Saxoniae (Latin for "Limit of Saxony"), also known as the Limes Saxonicus or Sachsenwall ("Saxon Dyke"), was an unfortified limes or border between the Saxons and the Slavic Obotrites, established about 810 in present-day Schleswig-Holstein.
The Line of Contact marked the farthest advance of Canadian, American, British and Soviet Armies into German controlled territory at the End of World War II in Europe.
The Linear Pottery culture is a major archaeological horizon of the European Neolithic, flourishing 5500–4500 BC.
This list records the bishops of the Roman Catholic diocese of Bremen (Bistum Bremen), supposedly a suffragan of the Archbishopric of Cologne, then of the bishops of Bremen, who were in personal union archbishops of Hamburg (simply titled Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen), later simply titled archbishops of Bremen, since 1180 simultaneously officiating as rulers of princely rank (prince-archbishop) in the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen (Erzstift Bremen; est. 1180 and secularised in 1648), a state of imperial immediacy within the Holy Roman Empire.
This is a list of convoy codes used by the Allies during World War II There were over 300 convoy routes organized, in all areas of the world; each was designated by a two- or three letter code.
This is a List of Allied convoys during World War II by region.
This list of Germanic tribes is a list of tribes, tribal groups, and other connections and alliances of ethnic groups and tribes that were considered Germanic in ancient times.
The first whitewater slalom race took place on the Aar River in Switzerland in 1933.
This list records the bishops of the Roman Catholic diocese of Verden (Bistum Verden), a suffragan of the Archbishopric of Mentz, who were simultaneously rulers of princely rank (prince-bishop) in the Prince-Bishopric of Verden (Hochstift Verden; est. 1180 and secularised in 1648), a state of imperial immediacy within the Holy Roman Empire.
Brick Romanesque (Backsteinromanik) is an architectural style and chronological phase of architectural history.
This list of bridges in Hamburg has no claim to be complete, but rather just give an overview of their history and scope.
This list of bridges in the Czech Republic lists bridges of particular historical, scenic, architectural or engineering interest.
This is a list of navigable canals that are at least partially located in Germany.
This is an incomplete list of works written by the Austrian composer Johann Strauss II (1825–1899).
The following are some historical Germanic Confederations.
The list of cultural icons of Germany is a list of links to potential cultural icons in Germany.
The list should also contain various important Czech topics that are not yet covered. The list is divided into categories, ordered alphabetically (initially inspired by List of United Kingdom-related topics).
List of dams in the Czech republic, larger than 2 square kilometres.
List of Danish campaigns in Pomerania.
The list of drainage basins by area identifies basins (also known as watersheds or catchments), sorted by area, which drain to oceans, mediterranean seas, rivers, lakes and other water bodies.
The following sortable table lists land surface elevation extremes by country.
The Empire ships were a series of ships in the service of the British Government.
The Empire ships were a series of ships in the service of the British Government.
Many rivers in Europe have alternative names in different languages.
The following is a list of notable European windstorms.
This is a list of European cross-border regions, often called Euroregions.
This is a list of major floods.
This is a list of buildings which are representatives of Gothic architecture.
This list is a part of the international List of Gothic brick buildings.
The following list contains all 91 stations of the Hamburg U-Bahn.
The names of many places in the Czech lands (Bohemia, Moravia, Austrian Silesia) have evolved during their history.
There are many historical regions of Central Europe.
This is a list of extinct languages sorted by their time of extinction.
Following is a list of rivers stating the Latin and equivalent English name.
This is a list of lighthouses and lightvessels in Germany.
This article lists the margraves of Meissen, a march and territorial state on the eastern border of the Holy Roman Empire.
The following is a list of German Gaue which existed during the Middle Ages.
This list of medieval stone bridges in Germany includes bridges that were built during the Middle Ages (between c. 500 and 1500 AD) on the territory of the present Federal Republic of Germany.
This is a list of minor planets named after places, organized by continent.
Ninety eight official nature parks (Naturparks) have been established in Germany under section 22, paragraph 4 of that country's Federal Nature Conservation Act (BNatSchG).
Several dozen place names in the United States have names of Czech origin, most a legacy of Czech immigration to the United States.
Relatively few place names in the United States have names of German origin, unlike Spanish or French names.
This is a list of geographical features in the state of Brandenburg, Germany.
This is a list of geographical features in the state of Lower Saxony, Germany.
This is a list of geographical features in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
This is a list of geographical features in the state of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
This is a list of geographical features in the state of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
List of ponds (fish ponds) in the Czech Republic, greater than 150 ha, sorted by area.
This is the List of Wetlands of International Importance as defined by the Ramsar Convention for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands, recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value.
This is a list of revolutions and rebellions.
This is a list of the longest rivers on Earth.
This is a list of rivers (or tributaries thereof) at least partially located in Austria.
A list of rivers of Brandenburg, Germany.
This page lists the principal rivers of Europe with their main attributes.
This is a list of rivers, which are at least partially located in Germany.
A list of rivers of Hamburg, Germany.
All rivers in German state of Lower Saxony flow directly or indirectly into the North Sea.
A list of rivers of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
A list of rivers of Saxony, Germany.
A list of rivers of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
A list of rivers of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
This is a list of rivers of the Czech Republic.
During and up to the Second World War, the naval industry of the Kingdom of Romania produced numerous medium and small size warships, of varying types, as well as auxiliaries.
This article lists dukes, electors, and kings ruling over different territories named Saxony from the beginning of the Saxon Duchy in the 9th century to the end of the Saxon Kingdom in 1918.
The List of shipwrecks in 1747 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1747.
The List of shipwrecks in 1760 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1760.
The List of shipwrecks in 1762 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1762.
The list of shipwrecks in 1764 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1764.
The list of shipwrecks in 1765 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1765.
The List of shipwrecks in 1768 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1768.
The List of shipwrecks in 1770 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1770.
The List of shipwrecks in 1771 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1771.
The List of shipwrecks in 1774 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1774.
The List of shipwrecks in 1775 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1775.
The list of shipwrecks in 1779 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1779.
The List of shipwrecks in 1784 includes some ship sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1784.
The List of shipwrecks in 1792 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1792.
The list of shipwrecks in 1793 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1793.
The list of shipwrecks in 1795 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1795.
The list of shipwrecks in 1799 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1799.
The list of shipwrecks in 1806 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1806.
The list of shipwrecks in 1812 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1812.
The list of shipwrecks in 1814 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1814.
The list of shipwrecks in 1815 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1815.
The list of shipwrecks in 1816 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1816.
The list of shipwrecks in 1817 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1817.
The list of shipwrecks in 1820 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1820.
The list of shipwrecks in 1821 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1821.
The list of shipwrecks in 1822 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1822.
The list of shipwrecks in 1823 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1823.
The list of shipwrecks in 1825 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1825.
The list of shipwrecks in 1826 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1826.
The list of shipwrecks in 1829 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1829.
The list of shipwrecks in 1891 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1891.
The list of shipwrecks in 1897 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1897.
List of shipwrecks in 1908 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1908.
The list of shipwrecks in 1910 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1910.
The list of shipwrecks in 1914 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost in 1914.
The list of shipwrecks in 1922 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1922.
The list of shipwrecks in 1923 includes a chronological list of all shipwrecks in 1923.
The list of shipwrecks in 1925 includes a chronological list of all shipwrecks in 1925.
The list of shipwrecks in 1930 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1930.
The list of shipwrecks in 1933 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1933.
The list of shipwrecks in 1935 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1935.
The list of shipwrecks in 1936 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1936.
The list of shipwrecks in 1938 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1938.
The list of shipwrecks in 1954 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1954.
The list of shipwrecks in 1955 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1955.
The list of shipwrecks in 1956 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1956.
The list of shipwrecks in 1960 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1960.
The list of shipwrecks in 1961 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1961.
The list of shipwrecks in 1962 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1962.
The list of shipwrecks in 1964 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1964.
The list of shipwrecks in 1966 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1966.
The list of shipwrecks in 1969 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1969.
The list of shipwrecks in 2004 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 2004.
The list of shipwrecks in 2016 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 2016.
The list of shipwrecks in April 1839 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during April 1839.
The list of shipwrecks in April 1941 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during April 1941.
The list of shipwrecks in April 1945 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during April 1945.
The list of shipwrecks in August 1843 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during August 1843.
The list of shipwrecks in August 1844 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during August 1844.
The list of shipwrecks in August 1943 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during August 1943.
The list of shipwrecks in December 1830 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during December 1830.
The list of shipwrecks in December 1836 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during December 1836.
The list of shipwrecks in December 1837 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during December 1837.
The list of shipwrecks in December 1840 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during December 1840.
The list of shipwrecks in February 1834 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during February 1834.
The list of shipwrecks in February 1841 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during February 1841.
The list of shipwrecks in February 1843 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during February 1843.
The list of shipwrecks in February 1845 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during February 1845.
The list of shipwrecks in February 1945 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during February 1945.
The list of shipwrecks in January 1846 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during January 1846.
List of shipwrecks in January 1941 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during January 1941.
The list of shipwrecks in July 1831 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during July 1831.
The list of shipwrecks in July 1838 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during July 1838.
The list of shipwrecks in July 1845 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during July 1845.
The list of shipwrecks in July 1944 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during July 1944.
The list of shipwrecks in June 1839 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during June 1839.
The list of shipwrecks in June 1844 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during June 1844.
The list of shipwrecks in June 1943 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during June 1943.
The list of shipwrecks in June 1944 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during June 1944.
The list of shipwrecks in March 1839 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during March 1839.
The list of shipwrecks in March 1844 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during March 1844.
The list of shipwrecks in May 1839 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during May 1839.
The list of shipwrecks in May 1944 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during May 1944.
The list of shipwrecks in May 1945 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during May 1945.
The list of shipwrecks in November 1836 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during November 1836.
The list of shipwrecks in November 1837 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during November 1837.
The list of shipwrecks in November 1839 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during November 1839.
The list of shipwrecks in November 1843 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during November 1843.
The list of shipwrecks in October 1834 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during October 1834.
The list of shipwrecks in October 1837 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during October 1837.
The list of shipwrecks in October 1838 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during October 1838.
The list of shipwrecks in October 1843 includes some ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during October 1843.
The list of shipwrecks in October 1845 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during October 1845.
The list of shipwrecks in September 1918 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during September 1918.
This is a list of shipwrecks located in and around the continent of Europe.
An army, besides the generalized meanings of ‘a country's armed forces’ or its ‘land forces’, is a type of formation in militaries of various countries, including the Soviet Union.
Below is an incomplete list of SS subcamps of Neuengamme camp system operating from 1938 until 1945.
This is a list of technology centers throughout the world.
The List of the Bishops of Schleswig contains the names of the bishops of the see in Schleswig (Slesvig, Sleswick) in chronological order.
A Traffic Separation Scheme is an area in the sea where navigation of ships is highly regulated.
A Vorpostenboot (plural Vorpostenboote) was an auxiliary warship used by Germany in both World Wars.
Elbe; 1.091 km; rises in the Giant Mountains of the Czech Republic at a height of ca.
Waterbodies in Schleswig-Holstein.
This is a list of waterways, defined as navigable rivers, canals, estuaries, lakes, or firths.
This a list of projects, both realised and unrealised, by British Iraqi architect Zaha Hadid.
Listerfehrda is a village and a former municipality in Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Lithoglyphus naticoides, the gravel snail, is a species of small or minute freshwater snail with an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Lithoglyphidae.
Litoměřice (Leitmeritz) is a town at the junction of the rivers Elbe (Labe) and Ohře (Eger) in the north part of the Czech Republic, approximately northwest of Prague.
Litoměřice District (Okres Litoměřice in Czech) is one of seven districts (okres) located within the Ústí nad Labem Region (Ústecký kraj) in the Czech Republic.
The sub-province Litoměřice (Czech: Litoměřická oblast) is one of two wine regions in Bohemia.
The little tern (Sternula albifrons) is a seabird of the family Sternidae.
Liutbert (or Ludbert) (died 889) was the Archbishop of Mainz from 863 until his death.
Lloyd Biggle Jr. (April 17, 1923 – September 12, 2002), was a musician, author, and internationally known oral historian.
The Lockwitzbach is a river of Saxony, Germany.
Lombardic or Langobardic is an extinct West Germanic language that was spoken by the Lombards (Langobardi), the Germanic people who settled in Italy in the 6th century.
The Lombards or Longobards (Langobardi, Longobardi, Longobard (Western)) were a Germanic people who ruled most of the Italian Peninsula from 568 to 774.
Major General Lord Michael Fitzalan-Howard, (22 October 1917 – 2 November 2007) was a senior officer in the British Army.
Lorenz Schwietz (25 July 1850 – May 1925, in Breslau) was Royal Prussian executioner (Scharfrichter) from 21 June 1900 to 29 January 1914.
Loschwitz is a borough (Ortsamtsbereich) of Dresden, Germany, incorporated in 1921.
Loschwitz Bridge is a cantilever truss bridge over the river Elbe in Dresden the capital of Saxony in Germany.
Lothair I (Lothar, Liuthar) (ca. 940 – 25 January 1003) was Margrave of the Nordmark (Northern March) from about 983 until his death.
Lothair Udo II (c. 1025 – 1082) was Margrave of the Nordmark from 1057 until his death and also Count of Stade (as Lothair Udo III).
Louis Didier Jousselin (1 April 1776 – 3 December 1858) was a French engineer.
Louis (also Ludwig or Lewis) "the German" (c. 805-876), also known as Louis II, was the first king of East Francia.
Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.
Lovosice (Lobositz) is a small town in northern Bohemia, the western part of the Czech Republic.
Lower Austria (Niederösterreich; Dolní Rakousy; Dolné Rakúsko) is the northeasternmost state of the nine states in Austria.
Lower Saxon cuisine (Niedersächsische Küche) covers a range of regional, North German culinary traditions from the region correspondingly broadly to the state of Lower Saxony, which in many cases are very similar to one another, for example cuisine from the areas of Oldenburg, Brunswick, or East Frisia.
The Lower Saxon Mill Road (Niedersächsische Mühlenstrasse) is a holiday route that guides visitors to watermills and windmills in the north German state of Lower Saxony and thus links the interests of historic monument conservation with those of the tourist industry.
The Lower Saxon Wadden Sea National Park (Nationalpark Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer) was established in 1986 and embraces the East Frisian Islands, mudflats and salt marshes between the Bay of Dollart on the border with the Netherlands in the west and Cuxhaven as far as the Outer Elbe shipping channel in the east.
Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen, Neddersassen) is a German state (Land) situated in northwestern Germany.
Luční hora (Łączna Góra, Hochwiesenberg, literally Meadow Mountain), is the cumulonimbus mountain located in the Krkonoše mountains about 5.5 km northwest of the town Pec pod Sněžkou and 4 km east of the town Špindlerův Mlýn to which cadastral belongs.
Luboszyce culture – a culture of East-Germanic tribe of Burgundians, developed in the areas between Odra (Oder) and Laba (Elbe) in Central Europe, in the late period of Roman influences (2-4th century).
Lubusz Land (Ziemia Lubuska, Lubusz; Land Lebus) is a historical region and cultural landscape in Poland and Germany on both sides of the Oder river.
Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus (c. 49 BC-25 AD) was the son and only child of consul Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus and Aemilia Lepida.
The Ludendorff Bridge (sometimes referred to as the Bridge at Remagen) was in early March 1945 one of two remaining bridges across the river Rhine in Germany when it was captured during the Battle of Remagen by United States Army forces during the closing weeks of World War II.
Ludwig Hermann Karl Hahn (23 January 1908 – 10 November 1986) was a German SS functionary during the Nazi era and a convicted criminal.
Ludwig August Ritter von Benedek (14 July 1804 – 27 April 1881), also known as Lajos Benedek, was an Austrian general (Feldzeugmeister) of Hungarian descent, best known for commanding the imperial army in 1866 in the Battle of Königgrätz against the Prussian Army.
Johann David Ludwig Graf Yorck von Wartenburg (26 September 1759 – 4 October 1830) was a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall instrumental in the switching of the Kingdom of Prussia from a French alliance to a Russian alliance during the War of the Sixth Coalition.
Ludwigslust is a former Kreis (district) in the southwest of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
The Luhe is a river that runs through the Lüneburg Heath in northern Germany and discharges into the River Ilmenau.
The Lusatian Fault (Lausitzer Verwerfung), formerly Lusatian Overthrust (Lausitzer Überschiebung), is the most important geological disturbance zone between the Elbe valley and the Giant Mountains.
The Lusatian Mountains (Lužické hory; Lausitzer Gebirge; Góry Łużyckie) are a mountain range of the Western Sudetes on the southeastern border of Germany with the Czech Republic.
The Lutici (known by various spelling variants) were a federation of West Slavic Polabian tribes, who between the 10th and 12th centuries lived in what is now northeastern Germany.
Lysá nad Labem (Lissa an der Elbe) is a town in Nymburk District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic, situated on the Labe (Elbe) river.
The Graf Zeppelin (Deutsche Luftschiff Zeppelin #130; Registration: D-LZ 130) was the last of the German rigid airships built by the Zeppelin Luftschiffbau during the period between the World Wars, the second and final ship of the ''Hindenburg'' class, and the second zeppelin to carry the name "Graf Zeppelin" (after the LZ 127) and thus often referred to as Graf Zeppelin II.
Johanna Maria Magdalena "Magda" Goebbels (née Ritschel; 11 November 1901 – 1 May 1945) was the wife of Nazi Germany's Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels.
Magdeburg (Low Saxon: Meideborg) is the capital city and the second largest city of the state of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Magdeburg Börde (Magdeburger Börde) is the central landscape unit of the state of Saxony-Anhalt and lies to the west and south of the eponymous state capital Magdeburg.
Magdeburg Cathedral (Magdeburger Dom), officially called the Cathedral of Saints Catherine and Maurice (Dom zu Magdeburg St.), is a Protestant cathedral in Germany and the oldest Gothic cathedral in the country.
Magdeburg Hauptbahnhof (German for Magdeburg main station, sometimes translated as Magdeburg Central Station) is the main railway station in the city of Magdeburg in the northern part of the German state of Saxony-Anhalt.
The Magdeburg Water Bridge (Kanalbrücke Magdeburg) is a large navigable aqueduct in central Germany, located near Magdeburg.
The Magdeburg-Wittenberge railway is a two-track, electrified main line in the east of the German state of Saxony-Anhalt.
Magnus I of Saxe-Lauenburg (Ratzeburg, 1 January 1470 – 1 August 1543, Ratzeburg) was a Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg from the House of Ascania.
Magnus II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Güstrow (1441 – 20 November 1503) was duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1477 until his death.
A march or mark was, in broad terms, a medieval European term for any kind of borderland, as opposed to a notional "heartland".
The March of Merseburg (Mark Merseburg) was a short-lived march of the Holy Roman Empire.
Margaret “the Lame” of Magdeburg (1210–1250) was an anchoress of the St.
The Margravate of Meissen (Markgrafschaft Meißen) was a medieval principality in the area of the modern German state of Saxony.
Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony (Maria Josepha Amalia Beatrix Xaveria Vincentia Aloysia Franziska de Paula Franziska de Chantal Anna Apollonia Johanna Nepomucena Walburga Theresia Ambrosia; 6 December 1803 – 18 May 1829) was Queen consort of Spain as the wife of King Ferdinand VII of Spain.
Mariánský most is a cantilever spar cable-stayed bridge for the road transport, bicycles and pedestrians in the city of Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic.
Marie Henning (born Maria Mahnke: 26 December 1895 - 5 January 1948) was a German activist and politician (KPD).
Marlag und Milag Nord was a Second World War German prisoner-of-war camp complex for men of the British Merchant Navy and Royal Navy.
The Marriage of Iron and Rye is the name given to the coalition of interests between industry and agriculture that supported the adoption of protectionism in Imperial Germany by the Tariff of 1879.
The Marsh Railway (Marschbahn) is a main line in the state of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany that links the stations of Elmshorn in the south and Westerland on the island of Sylt in the north.
Martin Luserke (3 May 1880 in Berlin, (Germany) – 1 June 1968 in Meldorf, Holstein, Germany) was a progressive pedagogue, a bard, writer and theatre maker.
Lieutenant-Colonel William Maurice E Anderson MD, DSO (often referred to as Bill Anderson despite the fact he went by the name of Maurice), joined the British 6th Airborne Division in 1943, and became CO of the 195th (Airlanding) Field Ambulance.
Johann Georg Vogt (30 June 1669 – 17 August 1730), better known by his monastic name Mauritius Vogt, was a geographer, cartographer, musician, historian and a member of the Cistercian Order.
Max Ferdinand Bahrfeldt, ennobled as von Bahrfeldt in 1913 (February 6, 1856, Willmine, District of Templin, Uckermark – April 11, 1936, Halle an der Saale) was a royal Prussian General of the infantry, a local historian, and a numismatist of world renown.
Maximilian Ulysses, Reichsgraf von Browne, Baron de Camus and Mountany (October 23, 1705 – June 26, 1757) was an Austrian military leader during the middle of the 18th century, and a scion of the Irish "Wild Geese".
Maximilian von Edelsheim (6 July 1897 – 26 April 1994) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The following events occurred in May 1914.
Má vlast (meaning "My homeland" in the Czech language) is a set of six symphonic poems composed between 1874 and 1879 by the Czech composer Bedřich Smetana.
The Müglitz is a river, about 49 km long, and a left tributary of the Elbe in the German state of Saxony.
Mühlanger is a village and a former municipality in Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Mühlberg is a town in the Elbe-Elster district, in the southwesternmost part of Brandenburg, Germany.
The Mühlgrundbach is a river of Saxony, Germany.
Mělník (Melnik) is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.
The sub-province Mělník (Czech: Mělnická podoblast) is one two wine regions in Bohemia and consists of 37 official wine municipalities.
002 | 26002 Angelayeung || || Angela Yu-Yun Yeung (born 1992) is a finalist in the 2010 Intel Science Talent Search (STS), a science competition for high school seniors, for her materials and bioengineering project.
013 | 7013 Trachet || || Tim Trachet (born 1958), Belgian journalist and science writer.
The Mecklenburg Elbe Valley Nature Park (Mecklenburgisches Elbetal) is part of the UNESCO biosphere reserve of Elbe River Landscape, which is over 400 river kilometres long and which runs through the five German states of Saxony-Anhalt, Brandenburg, Lower Saxony, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Schleswig-Holstein.
The Medem is a river of Lower Saxony, Germany.
Medieval demography is the study of human demography in Europe and the Mediterranean during the Middle Ages.
Medium Transport Helicopter Regiment 25 (Mittleres Transporthubschrauberregiment 25) was a regiment in the German Army, part of the German Army Aviation Corps.
Meissen (in German orthography: Meißen) is a town of approximately 30,000 about northwest of Dresden on both banks of the Elbe river in the Free State of Saxony, in eastern Germany.
Meissen (Meißen) is a district (Kreis) in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Melchior Lorck (or: Lorichs or: Lorich or: Lorch) (1526/27after 1583 in Copenhagen) was a renaissance painter, draughtsman, and printmaker of Danish-German origin.
Menosgada ("town above the Main valley")Motschmann 2006, p. 10 was a Celtic metropolis on the Upper Main river that was mentioned by the Greek geographer, Ptolemy.
The Metuje (Mettau) is a river in north-eastern Czech Republic.
The Metzendorf-Woxdorf head of burial is the Neolithic burial of a single human skull that was found in 1958 in the Seevetal district of Woxdorf, in Harburg, in Lower Saxony.
Mickten is a quarter (Stadtteil) of the city of Dresden, eastern Germany.
The Middle Elbe Biosphere Reserve is a Biosphere Reserve in the German Federal state Saxony-Anhalt.
Middle High German (abbreviated MHG, Mittelhochdeutsch, abbr. Mhd.) is the term for the form of German spoken in the High Middle Ages.
Mighty Ships is a documentary television program produced by Exploration Production Inc.
The Migration Period was a period during the decline of the Roman Empire around the 4th to 6th centuries AD in which there were widespread migrations of peoples within or into Europe, mostly into Roman territory, notably the Germanic tribes and the Huns.
Mikhail Ivanovich Dragomirov (Михаил Иванович Драгомиров; –) was a Russian general and military writer.
Count Mikhail Andreyevich Miloradovich (Михаи́л Андре́евич Милора́дович), spelled Miloradovitch in contemporary English sources (&ndash) was a Russian general of Serbian origin, prominent during the Napoleonic Wars.
Mikhail Feodorovich Panov (Russian: Михаил Фёдорович Панов; 21 November 1901, Ovchinikov, Pskov Oblast, Russian Empire – 8 May 1979, Moscow, Soviet Union) was a Soviet general.
I found the two German commanders documents of 1920 during the digging land in ukraine contact number 00380638775589 While German-speaking people have a long history, Germany as a nation state dates only from 1871.
During the prehistoric times, modern Sweden was divided into provinces and in the Svea and Göta kingdoms.
The Netherlands, as a nation-state, dates to 1568, when the Dutch Revolt created the Dutch Empire.
The United Kingdom, along with most of its Dominions and Crown colonies declared war on Nazi Germany in September 1939, after the German invasion of Poland.
The military history of the United States in World War II covers the war against Germany, Italy, Japan and starting with the 7 December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor.
Miriquidi is a medieval name for a forest, perhaps in the vicinity of the Ore Mountains, between the Elbe and Saale rivers.
Mitteleuropa, meaning Middle Europe, is one of the German terms for Central Europe.
The Mittelland Canal, also known as the Midland Canal, (Mittellandkanal) is a major canal in central Germany.
The Mittelmark (German for "Middle March") is a historical region in eastern Germany that was the core territory of the Margrave of Brandenburg between the Oder and Elbe rivers.
Mlada (italic, the name of a main character) was a project conceived in 1870 by Stepan Gedeonov (1816–1878), director of the Saint Petersburg Imperial Theatres, originally envisioned as a ballet to be composed by Aleksandr Serov with choreography by Marius Petipa.
Mlada (Млада) is an opera-ballet in four acts, composed between 1889 and 1890 by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, to a libretto by Viktor Krylov that was originally employed for an aborted project of the same name from 1872.
MOL Triumph is the Fourth largest container ship in the world, built in March 2017 by Samsung Heavy Industries in Geoje, South Korea.
Moldauhafen (Vltava port) is a lot in the port of Hamburg, Germany, that Czechoslovakia acquired on a 99-year lease in 1929 pursuant to the Treaty of Versailles.
Edward Montgomery "Monty" Clift (October 17, 1920 – July 23, 1966) was an American actor.
The Moonlight Batteries were Searchlight units of Britain's Royal Artillery that specialised in providing 'artificial moonlight', otherwise known as 'movement light' or 'Monty's moonlight', for ground operations during the latter stages of World War II.
Moorrege, located north west of Hamburg at the small river Pinnau, close to the Elbe river, is a municipality in the district of Pinneberg, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Moravia (Morava;; Morawy; Moravia) is a historical country in the Czech Republic (forming its eastern part) and one of the historical Czech lands, together with Bohemia and Czech Silesia.
Friedrich August Moritz Retzsch (December 9, 1779 - June 11, 1857) was a German painter, draughtsman, and etcher.
Moritz Thausing (3 June 1838 – 11 August 1884) was an Austrian art historian, and counts among the founders of the Vienna School of Art History.
Movlid Visaitov (13 May 191423 May 1986) was a Chechen Red Army colonel and a Hero of the Soviet Union.
The Mrlina is a river located primarily in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic, and a right tributary of the Labe (Elbe) River. It is 49.6 km long, and its basin area is 657 km2. Beginning in the Hradec Králové Region near Markvartice, the Mrlina passes through the cities of Kopidlno, Rožďalovice, and Křinec, and the villages of Nadslav, Střevač, Chyjice, Žitenín, Bartoušov, Pševes, Mlýnec, Podlužany, Vestec, Rašovice, and Budiměřice, before joining the Labe River at Nymburk. The Mrlina flooded in early January 2003, requiring the 220 inhabitants of Vestec to evacuate.
MS Quantum of the Seas is a cruise ship for Royal Caribbean International (RCI) and the lead ship of the ''Quantum'' class of cruise ships.
The Mulde is a river in Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Numerous museums of the inner German border are located along the course of the former border between East and West Germany, documenting its story and in some places preserving original elements of the border fortifications.
Musk xylene is a synthetic musk fragrance which mimics natural musk.
Barzan is an ultra large container ship.
MV Claymore II is a New Zealand-registered passenger-cargo ship, built in 1968 as the buoy tender Konrad Meisel for the German Government and later owned in South Africa as Isibane.
The Nakonids were the leading noble family of the Slavic peoples of the Elbe River from ca.
Because of Germany's geographic position in the centre of Europe, as well as its long history as a non-united region of distinct tribes and states, there are many widely varying names of Germany in different languages, perhaps more so than for any other European nation.
This division of Germany into major natural regions takes account primarily of geomorphological, geological, hydrological, and pedological criteria in order to divide the country into large, physical units with a common geographical basis.
A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines.
Navigable aqueducts (sometimes called water bridges) are bridge structures that carry navigable waterway canals over other rivers, valleys, railways or roads.
Approximately 120–150 Neolithic earthworks enclosures are known in Central Europe.
The Neptune Fountain in Berlin was built in 1891 and was designed by Reinhold Begas.
Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus (January 14, 38 BC – summer of 9 BC), born Decimus Claudius Drusus, also called Drusus Claudius Nero, Drusus, Drusus I, Nero Drusus, or Drusus the Elder was a Roman politician and military commander.
The Nervii were one of the most powerful Celtic tribes,; living in northern Gaul at the time of its conquest by Rome.
is a rural quarter located in the borough Harburg of Hamburg, Germany near the Lower Saxony border.
Neuengamme is a quarter of Hamburg, Germany, located in the Bergedorf borough, near the river Dove Elbe (a tributary of the river Elbe).
The Neuenwalde Convent (N. Low Saxon: Klooster Niewohl, Kloster Neuenwalde; Conventus Sancte CrucisRobert Wöbber,, on:, retrieved on 2 December 2014.) is a Lutheran damsels' convent in, a locality of Geestland, Lower Saxony, Germany.
Neuhaus an der Oste (in High German, in Low Saxon: Neehuus) is a municipality in the district of Cuxhaven, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
is a quarter of Hamburg, Germany, in the borough of Harburg.
The Neumarkt in Dresden is a central and culturally significant section of the Dresden inner city.
Neuruppin is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, the administrative seat of Ostprignitz-Ruppin district.
Neustadt (literally: "New town") is one of the inner-city districts of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, Germany.
is a tidal island in the Wadden Sea on the German North Sea coast, with a population of 32.
Nicholas, Count of Schauenburg and Holstein-Rendsburg (also known as Claus of Holstein; 1321 – 8 May 1397 in Itzehoe) was a titular Count of Schauenburg.
Nickar is a demon or spirit in the Dictionnaire Infernal.
Nicolaus von Amsdorf (German: Nikolaus von Amsdorf, 3 December 1483 – 14 May 1565) was a German Lutheran theologian and an early Protestant reformer.
The Niederelbe (i.e. Lower Elbe or Nether Elbe) is a long stretch of the river Elbe, from western Hamburg downstream to its mouth into the North Sea near Cuxhaven.
Niedervogelgesang is a village in the municipality of Pirna, in Saxony, Germany.
Nienstedten is a quarter in the city of Hamburg, Germany.
Nigehörn is an uninhabited artificial island in the North Sea belonging to the German city of Hamburg.
Night on Bald Mountain (Ночь на лысой горе, Noch′ na lysoy gore), also known as Night on the Bare Mountain, is a series of compositions by Modest Mussorgsky (1839–1881).
Nil is a German brand of cigarettes, currently owned and manufactured by Gallaher Group, a subsidiary of Japan Tobacco.
Nils Carlsson Gyllenstierna af Fogelvik, a member of the Swedish baronial family of Gyllenstierna, born 1648, dead 1720, was a Swedish field-marshal, member of the Royal Council, president of the Board of War, and governor-general of Bremen-Verden.
Nordalbingia (Nordalbingien) (also Northern Albingia) was one of the four administrative regions of the medieval Duchy of Saxony, the others being Angria, Eastphalia, and Westphalia.
The Nordic is a German emergency tow vessel (ETV) stationed on an offshore position north of the East Frisian island of Norderney.
Nordkehdingen is a Samtgemeinde ("collective municipality") on the left bank of the Elbe, north west of Hamburg (Germany).
Nordsachsen ("North Saxony") is a district (Kreis) in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
The Nordthüringgau was a medieval county (Gau) in the Eastphalian region of the German stem duchy of Saxony.
The Nordwestblock ("Northwest Block") is a hypothetical Northwestern European cultural region that several scholars propose as a prehistoric culture in the present-day Netherlands, Belgium, northern France, and northwest Germany in an area approximately bounded by the rivers Somme, Oise, Meuse, and Elbe, and possibly extending to the eastern part of what is now England, during the Bronze and Iron Ages from the 3rd to 1st millennia BCE up to the onset of historical sources in the 1st century BCE.
The North Brandenburg Plateaux and Upland (Nordbrandenburgische Platten- und Hügelland) is a natural region in the northwest of Brandenburg and, to a lesser extent, the southwest of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and northeast of Saxony-Anhalt in Germany.
The North Elbian Evangelical Lutheran Church (Nordelbische Evangelisch-Lutherische Kirche; NEK) was a Lutheran regional church in Northern Germany which emerged from a merger of four churches in 1977 and merged with two more churches in 2012.
The North European Plain (Norddeutsches Tiefland or Norddeutsche Tiefebene, North German Plain; Nizina Środkowoeuropejska, Middle European Plain) is a geomorphological region in Europe, mostly in Poland, Denmark, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands (Low Countries), and a small part of northern France and Czech republic.
The North German Plain or Northern Lowland (Norddeutsches Tiefland) is one of the major geographical regions of Germany.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
The North Sea flood of 1962 was a natural disaster affecting mainly the coastal regions of Germany and in particular the city of Hamburg in the night from 16 February to 17 February 1962.
The Northern Army Group (NORTHAG) was a NATO military formation comprising four Western European Army Corps, during the Cold War as part of NATO's forward defence in the Federal Republic of Germany.
The Northern Crusades or Baltic Crusades were religious wars undertaken by Catholic Christian military orders and kingdoms, primarily against the pagan Baltic, Finnic and West Slavic peoples around the southern and eastern shores of the Baltic Sea, and to a lesser extent also against Orthodox Christian Slavs (East Slavs).
The Northern March or North March (Nordmark) was created out of the division of the vast Marca Geronis in 965.
The northern whitefin gudgeon (Romanogobio belingi) is a species of freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae.
The following events occurred in November 1936.
The Nuthe is a small river in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Nymburk (Nimburg, Neuenburg) is a city in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic, located east of Prague on the Elbe River.
The Obere Schleuse in Hinterhermsdorf is a barrage system on the German-Czech border river of Kirnitzsch and impounds the water over a length of 700 metres.
The Obotrites (Obotriti) or Obodrites (Obodrzyce meaning: at the waters), also spelled Abodrites (Abodriten), were a confederation of medieval West Slavic tribes within the territory of modern Mecklenburg and Holstein in northern Germany (see Polabian Slavs).
Ochsenwerder is a quarter in Hamburg, Germany, in the borough of Bergedorf.
The Oder (Czech, Lower Sorbian and Odra, Oder, Upper Sorbian: Wódra) is a river in Central Europe.
The Oder–Havel Canal is a German canal built between 1908 and 1914, originally known as the Hohenzollern Canal, mostly replacing the Finow Canal.
The Oder–Neisse line (granica na Odrze i Nysie Łużyckiej, Oder-Neiße-Grenze) is the international border between Germany and Poland.
The Oderbruch (from Middle High German brouch meaning a marshy ground, swamp or moor; bruch is related to the English term brook) is a landscape at the Oder river in eastern Germany on the Polish border.
Odo (or Hodo) I (also Huodo or Huoto) (c. 930 – 13 March 993) was margrave in the Saxon Eastern March of the Holy Roman Empire from 965 until his death.
The Ohře or, slightly less commonly in English sources, the Eger (German: Eger, Czech also: Oharka or Ohara, Celtic: Agara, Ohrza), is a 316 km long river in Germany (50 km) and the Czech Republic (266 km), left tributary of the Elbe.
The Ohm Hills (Ohmgebirge) are a small range of hills up to high and about 50 km² in area.
The village of Ohrdorf lies in the north German state of Lower Saxony in the district of Gifhorn and belongs to the borough of Wittingen.
The Ohre is a river in northern Germany, left tributary to the Elbe.
Old High German (OHG, Althochdeutsch, German abbr. Ahd.) is the earliest stage of the German language, conventionally covering the period from around 700 to 1050.
The Old Salt Route was a medieval trade route in northern Germany, one of the ancient network of salt roads which were used primarily for the transport of salt and other staples.
Old Saxony is the original homeland of the Saxons in the northwest corner of modern Germany and roughly corresponds today to the modern German state of Lower Saxony, Westphalia, Nordalbingia (Holstein, southern part of Schleswig-Holstein) and western Saxony-Anhalt.
Oldenburg in Holstein is a town at the southwestern shore of the Baltic Sea.
General of the Army Omar Nelson Bradley (February 12, 1893 – April 8, 1981), nicknamed Brad, was a senior officer of the United States Army during and after World War II.
"One (Always Hardcore)" is a song by German musical group Scooter.
Opatovice nad Labem is a village in the Czech Republic, in Pardubice Region.
Operation Archway was the codename for one of the largest and most diverse operations carried out by the Special Air Service during the Second World War.
The Orange Route (Oranje-Route, Oranier-Route) is a holiday route, that runs from Amsterdam in the Netherlands through North and Central Germany and returns to Amsterdam.
is a former town and a former municipality in the district of Wittenberg, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
This is the complete order of battle for the four major battles of the Waterloo Campaign.
The Ore Mountain passes (Erzgebirgspässe) are crossings and passages over the crest of the Ore Mountains in Central Europe, over which tracks, roads, railway lines and pipelines run from the Free State of Saxony in the Federal Republic of Germany to Bohemia in the Czech Republic and vice versa.
The Ore Mountains or Ore Mountain Range (Erzgebirge; Krušné hory; both literally "ore mountains") in Central Europe have formed a natural border between Saxony and Bohemia for around 800 years, from the 12th to the 20th centuries.
The origin of the Croats before the great migration of the Slavs is uncertain.
The Serbs trace their history to the 6th and 7th-century southwards migration of Slavs.
Orlice (Adler) is a river in the Czech Republic.
Oschatz is a town in the district Nordsachsen, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Osečná (Oschitz)is a town in the Liberec District of the Liberec Region in the Czech Republic.
The Oste (also) is a river in northern Lower Saxony, Germany with a length of 149 km, left tributary of the Elbe.
The Oste-Hamme Canal or Hamme-Oste Canal is a canal in north Germany, that links the rivers Oste and Hamme.
Osterland (terra orientalis) is a historical region in Germany.
Osterwalde is a medieval shire (Gau) in the Eastphalia region of the Duchy of Saxony.
Ostrava (Ostrawa, Ostrau or Mährisch Ostrau) is a city in the north-east of the Czech Republic and is the capital of the Moravian-Silesian Region.
Ostsiedlung (literally east settling), in English called the German eastward expansion, was the medieval eastward migration and settlement of Germanic-speaking peoples from the Holy Roman Empire, especially its southern and western portions, into less-populated regions of Central Europe, parts of west Eastern Europe, and the Baltics.
Othmarschen (German language: pronounced) is a quarter in the Altona borough of the Hamburg in northern Germany.
Ottensen (old name: Ottenhusen) located in Hamburg, Germany in the Altona borough on the right bank of the Elbe river, is a former town.
Otterndorf is a town on the coast of the North Sea in the region of Lower Saxony, Germany, and is part of the Samtgemeinde Land Hadeln.
Otto Christian Hammer (18 August 1822 – 10 March 1892) was a Danish naval officer who participated in the First Schleswig War and the Second Schleswig War.
Otto I (23 November 912 – 7 May 973), traditionally known as Otto the Great (Otto der Große, Ottone il Grande), was German king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 until his death in 973.
Otto II (955 – December 7, 983), called the Red (Rufus), was Holy Roman Emperor from 973 until his death in 983.
Otto III (June/July 980 – 23 January 1002) was Holy Roman Emperor from 996 until his early death in 1002.
Otto of Nordheim (c. 1020 – 11 January 1083) was Duke of Bavaria (as Otto II) from 1061 until 1070.
The Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg (German: Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, short OvGU) was founded in 1993 and is one of the youngest universities in Germany.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Dresden: Dresden – capital and the most populated city in the German state of Saxony.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Czech Republic: The Czech Republic (also known as Czechia) is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
Over is a village in the municipality of Seevetal in Lower Saxony, Germany with about 1400 citizens (as of). In 1972 Over and 18 other municipalities were assembled to form the new municipality of Seevetal.
The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry was a light infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until 1958, serving in the Second Boer War, World War I and World War II.
A paddle steamer is a steamship or riverboat powered by a steam engine that drives paddle wheels to propel the craft through the water.
Paleolightning is the study of lightning activity throughout Earth's history.
The Panzergrenadier Division Kurmark, sometimes also referred to as Panzer Division Kurmark, was a semi-armoured formation of the German Army during World War II.
Pardubice (Pardubitz) is a city in the Czech Republic.
Pardubice District (Okres Pardubice) is a district (okres) within the Pardubice Region (Pardubický kraj) of the Czech Republic.
Pardubice main railway station (Czech Pardubice hlavní nádraží) is one of the largest railway stations in the Czech Republic, located about WSW from city centre of Pardubice, an important railway network hub.
Pardubice Region (Pardubický kraj; Kraj pardubicki) is an administrative unit (kraj) of the Czech Republic, located mainly in the eastern part of its historical region of Bohemia, with a small part in northwestern Moravia.
The Parthe is a river in Saxony, Germany, right tributary of the White Elster.
The Pastýřská stěna, also Ovčí stěna (German: Schäferwand), is a sandstone rock massif on the shores of the River Elbe in the borough of Děčín (Tetschen) in the Czech Republic.
Paul Foelsche (30 March 1831 – 31 January 1914) was a South Australian police officer and photographer born in Germany,Noye, R. J.,, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, accessed 21 April 2012 remembered for his work in the Northern Territory of Australia from 1870 to 1904.
The Pösgraben is a river of Saxony, Germany.
Přelouč is a town in the Pardubice Region in the Czech Republic.
The Peace of Bautzen or the Peace of Budziszyn was a treaty concluded on January 30, 1018, between the Ottonian Holy Roman Emperor Henry II and the Piast duke of the Polans Bolesław I Chrobry which ended a series of Polish-German wars over the control of Lusatia and Upper Lusatia (Milzenerland or Milsko, the eastern part of the margraviate of Meissen (Miśnia)) as well as Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
Pelze is a short river of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Deutsche Pentosin-Werke GmbH, commonly known as Pentosin, is a global independent manufacturer of lubricants and related speciality products.
Pepermölenbek is a small river of Hamburg, Germany.
Peter John Douglas (30 June 1787 – 17 December 1858) was an officer of the Royal Navy who served during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
Peter Schreier (born 29 July 1935) is a German tenor and conductor.
The Pfaffenstein, formerly called the Jungfernstein, is a table hill, at www.bergverlag-roelke.de.
The pfennig (. pfennigs or; symbol Pf. or ₰) or penny is a former German coin or note, which was official currency from the 9th century until the introduction of the euro in 2002.
Pfingstwiesengraben is a small river of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Picher is a municipality in the district of Ludwigslust-Parchim in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
Pillnitz is a quarter in the east of Dresden, Germany.
Pillnitz Castle (German: Schloss Pillnitz) is a restored Baroque palace at the eastern end of the city of Dresden in the German state of Saxony.
The Pillnitz Kleinzschachwitz Ferry, also known as the Schlossfähre, is a ferry across the Elbe river in Germany.
Pilot (Пайлот. (Paĭlot) was a Russian icebreaker, the world's first steam-powered and metal-ship icebreaker of modern type. Pilot had originally been built as a steam-powered propeller tug. It had the bow altered to achieve an ice-clearing capability (20° raise from keel line). Conversion had been done in 1864 under an order of its owner, the local merchant Mikhail Britnev. This allowed Pilot to push itself on the top of the ice and consequently break it. It's said that M.O. Britnev fashioned the bow of his ship after the shape of old wooden Pomor boats (kochs), which had been navigating icy waters of the White Sea and Barents Sea for centuries. Pilot was used between 1864-1890 for navigation in the Gulf of Finland between Kronstadt and Oranienbaum thus extending the summer navigation season by several weeks. Inspired by the success of Pilot, Mikhail Britnev built a second similar vessel "Boy" ("Battle" in Russian) in 1875 and a third "Booy" ("Buoy" in Russian) in 1889. The cold winter of 1870–1871 led to the international recognition of Britnev's design. That year the Elbe River and the port of Hamburg froze, which caused a prolonged halt of navigation and huge commercial losses. In such circumstances, Germans purchased Pilots design from Britnev for some 300 rubles. Thus the German Eisbrecher I appeared in 1871, and other European countries soon followed the suit. With its rounded shape and strong metal hull, Pilot had all the main features present in the modern icebreakers, therefore it is often considered the first true icebreaker. Another contender for this title is icebreaker Yermak, built in England for Russia according to the design of Admiral Stepan Makarov and under his supervision. Makarov borrowed the main principles from Pilot and applied them for creation of the first polar icebreaker, which was able to run over and crush pack ice.
The Pinnau is a long river, which flows right or northeast of the main river, Elbe.
Pinneberg is a district in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Pirna (Pěrno) is a town in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, capital of the administrative district Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge.
The Pirna 014 was an axial turbojet designed in East Germany (or the GDR) in the mid- to late 1950s by former Junkers engineers, who were repatriated to East Germany in 1954 after being held in custody in the Soviet Union following World War II.
Pirna station is the largest railway station of the town Pirna in the German state of Saxony.
The Pirna-Sebnitz Upper Elbe Transport Company (Oberelbische Verkehrsgesellschaft Pirna-Sebnitz) (OVPS) is a company that operates public transport services in the German state of Saxony.
The Pirna–Coswig railway is a two-track, electrified mainline railway in the German state of Saxony, predominantly served by the Dresden S-Bahn.
Piter Poel (17 June 1760 – 3 October 1837) was a diplomat who in his later years became the publisher if the "Altonaischer Mercurius" (newspaper).
The Ploučnice (Polzen) is a river in the Czech Republic.
Poděbrady (Podiebrad) is a historical spa town in the Central Bohemian Region, Czech Republic.
Polabí (German: Elbeland) is the traditional and informal name for a lowlands region located mainly in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic, just north from Prague.
The Polabian language is an extinct West Slavic language that was spoken by the Polabian Slavs (Wenden) in present-day northeastern Germany around the Elbe (Labe in Slavic) river, from which derives its name ("po Labe" - on the Elbe).
Polabian Slavs (Połobske Słowjany, Słowianie połabscy, Polabští Slované) is a collective term applied to a number of Lechitic (West Slavic) tribes who lived along the Elbe river in what is today Eastern Germany.
The Polabians (Polaben; Polabi) were a constituent Lechitic tribe of the Obotrites who lived between the Trave and the Elbe.
Poland in antiquity is characterized by peoples belonging to numerous archeological cultures living in and migrating through various parts of the territory that now constitutes Poland in an era that dates from about 400 BC to 450–500 AD.
The most important phenomenon that took place within the lands of Poland in the Early Middle Ages, as well as other parts of Central Europe was the arrival and permanent settlement of the West Slavs.
The Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences or Polish Academy of Learning (Polska Akademia Umiejętności), headquartered in Kraków, is one of two institutions in contemporary Poland having the nature of an academy of sciences.
Below is list of Polish language exonyms for places in non-Polish-speaking areas of Europe.
The Polish Workers' Party (Polska Partia Robotnicza, PPR) was a communist party in Poland from 1942 to 1948.
The Polish–Czech Friendship Trail (Cesta česko-polského přátelství, Droga Przyjaźni Polsko-Czeskiej) is a public walking path in the Karkonosze Mountains (Giant Mountains).
Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs), or simply dioxins, are a group of polyhalogenated organic compounds that are significant environmental pollutants.
Pomerania during the Early Middle Ages covers the History of Pomerania from the 7th to the 11th centuries.
A pontoon bridge (or ponton bridge), also known as a floating bridge, uses floats or shallow-draft boats to support a continuous deck for pedestrian and vehicle travel.
The Port of Hamburg (German: Hamburger Hafen) is a sea port on the river Elbe in Hamburg, Germany, 110 kilometres from its mouth on the North Sea.
The Porta Bohemica is a EuroCity (EC) international express train.
Posta Sandstone (Postaer Sandstein) also called Wehlen Sandstone (Wehlener Sandstein), only occurs on the eastern banks of the River Elbe at Alte Poste, near Herrenleithe, Wehlen, Zeichen and Posta.
Posta is a village in the municipality of Pirna, in Saxony, Germany.
Potsdam is the capital and largest city of the German federal state of Brandenburg.
Prague Zoological Garden is a zoo in Prague, Czech Republic.
The District of Prague-East (Okres Praha-východ in Czech) is a district (okres) in the Central Bohemian Region (Středočeský kraj), Czech Republic.
The climate of Central Asia became dry after the large tectonic collision between the Indian Plate and the Eurasian Plate.
The Prehistory of Transylvania describes what can be learned about the region known as Transylvania through archaeology, anthropology, comparative linguistics and other allied sciences.
The Order of Canons Regular of Prémontré, also known as the Premonstratensians, the Norbertines and, in Britain and Ireland, as the White Canons (from the colour of their habit), are a religious order of Canons regular of the Catholic Church founded in Prémontré near Laon in 1120 by Norbert of Xanten, who later became Archbishop of Magdeburg.
Prettin is a town and a former municipality in Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt.
Pretzsch is a small town and a former municipality in Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Prießnitz is a river of Saxony, Germany.
Priesitz is a village and a former municipality in Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Prignitz is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of Brandenburg, Germany.
The Principality of Anhalt (Fürstentum Anhalt) was a State of the Holy Roman Empire, located in Central Germany, in what is today part of the federal state of Saxony-Anhalt.
Pros Mund (died 1644) was a Danish admiral.
The accentual system of the Proto-Slavic language is reconstructed as being free (i.e. phonologically unpredictable, meaning that it can occur on any syllable in the word) and mobile (i.e. accent position could change place throughout the inflectional paradigm) pitch accent system.
The Province of Brandenburg (Provinz Brandenburg) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1815 to 1945, from 1871 within the German Reich.
The Province of Saxony (Provinz Sachsen), also known as Prussian Saxony (Preußische Sachsen) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and later the Free State of Prussia from 1816 until 1945.
The Prussian Reform Movement was a series of constitutional, administrative, social and economic reforms early in the nineteenth-century Kingdom of Prussia.
The Prussian Semaphore System was a telegraphic communications system used between Berlin and the Rhine Province from 1832 to 1849.
The Ptolemy world map is a map of the world known to Hellenistic society in the 2nd century.
Pusillimonas noertemannii is a Gram-negative, oxidase-positive, rod-shaped, motile bacterium of the genus Pusillimonas; the type strain (BN9T.
Pytheas of Massalia (Ancient Greek: Πυθέας ὁ Μασσαλιώτης Pythéas ho Massaliōtēs; Latin: Pytheas Massiliensis; fl. 4th century BC), was a Greek geographer and explorer from the Greek colony of Massalia (modern-day Marseille).
Quantum class is a class of cruise ships from Royal Caribbean International, previously known by the code name Project Sunshine.
Quedlinburg is a town situated just north of the Harz mountains, in the district of Harz in the west of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Quedlinburg Abbey (Stift Quedlinburg or Reichsstift Quedlinburg) was a house of secular canonesses (Frauenstift) in Quedlinburg in what is now Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Quirl is a low table hill, 349 metres high, in Saxon Switzerland, west of the River Elbe.
R.U.S.E. is a real-time strategy video game developed by Eugen Systems and published by Ubisoft which was released for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, and Xbox 360, in September 2010.
Radebeul is a town (große Kreisstadt) in the Elbe valley in the district of Meißen in Saxony, Germany, a suburb of Dresden.
Radebeul-Weintraube station is in Radebeul in the German state of Saxony.
Radenbeck is a village in the borough of Wittingen in the district of Gifhorn in the north German state of Lower Saxony.
Radobýl (399 m) is a basalt hill in České středohoří mountains, Czech Republic.
RAF Coastal Command was a formation within the Royal Air Force (RAF).
Known for most of its operational life as Royal Air Force Station Gatow, or more commonly RAF Gatow, this former British Royal Air Force airfield (military airbase) is in the district of Gatow in south-western Berlin, west of the Havel river, in the borough of Spandau.
The Rani or Rujani (Ranen, Rujanen) were a West Slavic tribe based on the island of Rugia (Rügen) and the southwestern mainland across the Strelasund in what is today northeastern Germany.
Rathen is a village in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains, in Saxony, Germany, about 35 km southeast of Dresden on the Elbe River.
The Rathen Ferry is a passenger cable ferry across the Elbe river at Rathen in Saxony, Germany.
Rathmannsdorf is a township in the Saxon district of Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge.
Rühstädt is a municipality in the Prignitz district, in Brandenburg, Germany.
Rüterberg is a Stadtteil of Dömitz in the German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
The Růžovský vrch, also Růžák (German: Rosenberg) is the dominant mountain (619 m) in the Bohemian Switzerland east of the River Elbe in the Czech Republic.
A reaction ferry is a cable ferry that uses the reaction of the current of a river against a fixed tether to propel the vessel across the water.
A rectangular dolmen (Rechteckdolmen), extended dolmen (German: erweiteter Dolmen) or enlarged dolmen is a specific type of megalith, rectangular in shape, with upright sidestones and, usually, two capstones.
Red Inferno: 1945 is a 2010 novel written by Robert Conroy, the author of other alternate history novels.
Red Storm Rising is a 1986 technothriller novel by Tom Clancy about a Third World War in Europe between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and Warsaw Pact forces, set around the mid-1980s.
The Reeperbahn is a street and entertainment district in Hamburg's St. Pauli district, one of the two centres of Hamburg's nightlife (the other being Sternschanze) and also the city's major red-light district.
The Hotel Reichshof was opened in 1910 as a Hamburger traditional hotel in the classical patrician style.
The Reiherstieg is an anabranch of the river Elbe in the Port of Hamburg, Germany.
Reinhardtsdorf Sandstone (Reinhardtsdorfer Sandstein, also Oberquader or Hauptsandstein) is quarried in the vicinity of Reinhardtsdorf near Pirna in the district of Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge in the German Free State of Saxony.
Reinhardtsdorf-Schöna is a municipality in the Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge district in the German federal state of Saxony.
Reinhold von Werner (10 May 1825 – 26 February 1909) was a Prussian and later Imperial German naval officer in the 19th century, eventually reaching the rank of vice admiral.
The Rennsteig is a ridge walk as well as an historical boundary path in the Thuringian Forest, Thuringian Highland and Franconian Forest in Central Germany.
Czechoslovakia had significant quantities of coal and lignite.
Started in Canada in 1985, Responsible Care® is a global, voluntary initiative developed autonomously by the chemical industry for the chemical industry.
The Rethe is a waterway in the Port of Hamburg, Germany.
The Rhin is a long river in Brandenburg, Germany, right tributary to the river Havel.
The Rhin is a river of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany and a tributary of the Elbe, that's formed by the confluence of the Herzhorner Rhin and the Kremper Rhin in Glückstadt.
Richard Hartmann (8 November 1809 – 16 December 1878) was a German engineering manufacturer.
Field Marshal Sir Richard Amyatt Hull, (7 May 1907 – 17 September 1989) was a senior British Army officer.
Richenza (also spelled as Richeza or Richza) (– before 1083) was a German noblewoman.
Riedel Crystal is a glassware manufacturer based in Kufstein, Austria, best known for its glassware designed to enhance different types of wines.
Riesa is a town in the district of Meißen in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Riesa station is the only passenger station of the town of Riesa in the German state of Saxony.
Riesa-Großenhain was a district in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
The Chemnitz–Riesa railway is a two-track and electrified mainline railway in the German state of Saxony, originally built and operated by the Chemnitz-Riesa Railway Company.
Riesigk is a village and a former municipality in Germany not far from the town of Wittenberg in the district of Wittenberg, Saxony-Anhalt, on the south side of the Elbe river.
Rikdag, also called Ricdag, Riddag, or Rihdag (died 985), was Margrave of Meissen from 979 until his death.
Rissen is a quarter in the westernmost of Hamburg (Germany).
A river island is any exposed land within a river.
The River Stour is a river in East Anglia, England.
The Stour is a river flowing through the counties of Worcestershire, the West Midlands and Staffordshire in the West Midlands region of England.
Roald Amundsen (often abbreviated Roald; named in honor of Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen), originally named Vilm, is a German steel-ship built on the Elbe River in 1952.
Rosslau (in German orthography: Roßlau) was until 30 June 2007 a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, belonging to the district Anhalt-Zerbst.
Robert Monro (died 1680), was a famous Scottish General, from the Clan Munro of Ross-shire, Scotland.
Robert Hermann Sterl (23 June 1867 in Großdobritz, now part of Dresden – 10 January 1932 in Struppen) was a German painter and graphic artist.
The Rodenbek is a right-hand, northern tributary of the River Alster in North Germany and, together with the Bredenbek and Lottbek, as well as other small streams, is part of the meltwater basin of the Rodenbek Glacial Valley (Rodenbeker Quellental) that was formed in the Weichselian Ice Age.
Rogätz is a municipality in the Börde district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Rogätz Ferry, also known as the Schartau Rogätz Ferry, is a ferry across the Elbe river between Schartau and Rogätz in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Bishopric of Halberstadt was a Roman Catholic diocese (Bistum Halberstadt; 804–1648) Catholic-Hierarchy.org.
The Diocese of Magdeburg is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic church, located in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt.
Roman military borders and fortifications were part of a grand strategy of territorial defense in the Roman Empire, although this is a matter of debate.
The Roman navy (Classis, lit. "fleet") comprised the naval forces of the Ancient Roman state.
Ronald Barnabas Schill (born 23 November 1958) is a former judge, the founder of the German political parties Party for a Rule of Law Offensive (Partei Rechtsstaatlicher Offensive; also called PRO or "Schill party") and Pro DM/Schill.
Rossel is a river of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Rotenburg an der Wümme (also known as Rotenburg (Wümme); Rotenburg in Hannover until May 1969) is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Rothensee boat lift is North of Magdeburg and connects the Mittellandkanal with the Elbe via the Elbeabstiegskanal.
Roudnice nad Labem is a town on the left bank of the Elbe River.
The Royal Hanoverian State Railways (German: Königlich Hannöversche Staatseisenbahnen) existed from 1843 until the annexation of the Kingdom of Hanover by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1866.
The Royal Prussian Army was the principal armed force of the Kingdom of Prussia during its participation in the Napoleonic Wars.
Rubus chamaemorus is a rhizomatous herb native to cool temperate, alpine, arctic tundra and boreal forest, producing amber-colored edible fruit similar to the raspberry or blackberry.
Rudolf Holste (9 April 1897 – 4 December 1970) was a German general during World War II.
Rudolf I (– 12 March 1356), a member of the House of Ascania, was Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg from 1298 until his death.
Rudolf Sieverts (3 November 1903 – 28 April 1980) was a German Law professor and Criminologist.
Rudolph Wilhelm Meyer (1826–1897) was a German who managed an early agricultural business in the Kingdom of Hawaii.
The Ruhn Hills (Ruhner Berge) are a terminal moraine ridge up to, which lies on either side of the border between the German states of Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern near Parchim.
The Ruhr Pocket was a battle of encirclement that took place in April 1945, on the Western Front near the end of World War II, in the Ruhr Area of Germany.
A Rundling is a form of circular village, mainly in Germany, typical of settlements in the Germanic-Slav contact zone in the Early Medieval period.
The Russian–German Legion was a military unit set up in 1812 by the banished Graf Peter of Oldenburg on the instigation of Tsar Alexander I of Russia.
The Saale, also known as the Saxon Saale (Sächsische Saale) and Thuringian Saale (Thüringische Saale), is a river in Germany and a left-bank tributary of the Elbe.
The Saale glaciation or Saale Glaciation, sometimes referred to as the Saalian glaciation, Saale cold period (Saale-Kaltzeit), Saale complex (Saale-Komplex) or Saale glacial stage (Saale-Glazial, colloquially also the Saale-Eiszeit or Saale-Zeit), covers the middle of the three large glaciations in Northern Europe and the northern parts of Eastern, Central and Western Europe by the Scandinavian Inland Ice Sheet between the older Elster glaciation and the younger Weichselian glaciation.
The Sack of Magdeburg was the destruction of the Protestant city of Magdeburg on 20 May 1631 by the Imperial Army and the forces of the Catholic League.
Sadská is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.
Sahlenburg is a borough of the city Cuxhaven near the mouth of the river Elbe in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Saint Maurice (also Moritz, Morris, or Mauritius) was the leader of the legendary Roman Theban Legion in the 3rd century, and one of the favorite and most widely venerated saints of that group.
The Salic law (or; Lex salica), or the was the ancient Salian Frankish civil law code compiled around AD 500 by the first Frankish King, Clovis.
The Salzmünde Group or Salzmünde Culture (German: Salzmünder Gruppe / Salzmünder Kultur) is the name for a late group from the Funnelbeaker culture in central Saale-Elbe region of Germany, which existed between 3400 and 3000 BC during the Neolithic period.
Sam Pivnik (born Szmuel Pivnik; 1 September 1926, Będzin – 30 August 2017, London) was a Holocaust survivor, author and memoirist.
Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann (10 April 1755 – 2 July 1843) was a German physician, freemason best known for creating the system of alternative medicine called homeopathy.
Sandau is a town in the district of Stendal, in Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany.
The Sandau Ferry, also known as the Sandau Büttnershof Ferry, is a cable ferry across the Elbe river between Sandau and Büttnershof in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg (Herzogtum Sachsen-Lauenburg, called Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) between the 14th and 17th centuries), was a reichsfrei duchy that existed 1296–1803 and 1814–1876 in the extreme southeast region of what is now Schleswig-Holstein.
Saxo Grammaticus (1160 – 1220), also known as Saxo cognomine Longus, was a Danish historian, theologian and author.
The Saxon Eastern March (Sächsische Ostmark) was a march of the Holy Roman Empire from the 10th until the 12th century.
The Saxon Elbeland (Sächsisches Elbland) is a term used in more recent times which describes a region along the Elbe, whose boundaries are not clearly defined, but which extends roughly from the Elbe Sandstone Mountains to Torgau.
Saxon Switzerland (Sächsische Schweiz) is a hilly climbing area and national park around the Elbe valley south-east of Dresden in Saxony, Germany.
Saxon Switzerland National Park (Nationalpark Sächsische Schweiz), is a National Park in the German Free State of Saxony, near the Saxon capital Dresden.
The Saxons (Saxones, Sachsen, Seaxe, Sahson, Sassen, Saksen) were a Germanic people whose name was given in the early Middle Ages to a large country (Old Saxony, Saxonia) near the North Sea coast of what is now Germany.
The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen; Swobodny stat Sakska) is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland (Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Liberec, and Ústí nad Labem Regions).
Saxony (Sachsen) is a region for quality wine in Germany located in the German federal state of Saxony.
The Sächsische Dampfschiffahrt of Dresden, Germany is the oldest and biggest paddle steamer fleet in the world.
The Sächsische Schweiz (Saxon Switzerland) is a former district (Kreis) in the south of the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Saxon Switzerland-East Ore Mountains (German: Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge; Saské Švýcarsko a východní Krušné hory; Wokrjes Sakska Šwica-Wuchodne Rudne hory) is a district (Kreis) in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
The Sächsische Staatskanzlei (Saxon State Chancellery or Saxon State Chamber) is the office of the Minister-President of Saxony.
The Süderelbe (Southern Elbe) is the biggest anabranch of the Unterelbe river in the area which is now the Port of Hamburg, Germany.
Sülze is a small river of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Sülzetal is a municipality in the Börde district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Scharhörn is an uninhabited island in the North Sea belonging to the city of Hamburg, Germany.
The Scharhörnbake was the most important daymark on the German north sea coast for a long time.
The Scharnebeck twin ship lift is a boat lift in Scharnebeck, northeast of Lüneburg, in the District of Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Schaukelgraben is a stream in Saxony, Germany.
Schöna (Bahnhof Schöna) is a station located on the grounds of Reinhardtsdorf-Schöna municipality, Saxony, Germany.
Schönbrunn Palace (Schloss Schönbrunn) is a former imperial summer residence located in Vienna, Austria.
Schönebeck is a town in the district of Salzlandkreis, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Schönebeck was a district (Kreis) in the middle of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Schönhausen is a municipality in the district of Stendal in Saxony-Anhalt in Germany.
Schützberg is a village and a former municipality in Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Scheidemann cabinet (German: Kabinett Scheidemann) was the first democratically elected Reichsregierung of the German Reich.
Schilde is a river of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 states of Germany, comprising most of the historical duchy of Holstein and the southern part of the former Duchy of Schleswig.
The Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (Nationalpark Schleswig-Holsteinisches Wattenmeer) is a national park in the Schleswig-Holstein area of the German Wadden Sea.
The Schloßplatz (English: Palace Square or Castle Square) is a city square in the center of Dresden, Saxony, Germany.
The Schloss Wolfenbüttel is a castle in the town of Wolfenbüttel in Lower Saxony in Germany.
Schmilka-Hirschmühle (Bahnhof Schmilka-Hirschmühle) is a railway station on the Děčín–Dresden-Neustadt railway for the village of Schmilka, Saxony, Germany.
Schnackenburg is a town in the Lüchow-Dannenberg district, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Schrammsteine are a long, strung-out, very jagged group of rocks in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains located east of Bad Schandau in Saxon Switzerland in East Germany.
The Schwabengau (modernized name; originally: Suavia, Suevon, Nordosquavi) was an early medieval shire (Gau) in the Eastphalia region of the medieval Duchy of Saxony.
The Schwarzer Graben is a river of Saxony, Germany.
The Schwinge is a, left-sided river of the Elbe in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Schwingesperrwerk is a man-made movable barrier located on the Schwinge at its confluence with the Elbe near Stade, Germany.
A seaplane is a powered fixed-wing aircraft capable of taking off and landing (alighting) on water.
Sebuzín is a village, one of the districts of the city of Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic.
Second Allied Tactical Air Force (2 ATAF) was a NATO military formation under Allied Air Forces Central Europe tasked with providing air support to NATO's Northern Army Group (NORTHAG).
The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.
The Second Silesian War was a theatre of the War of the Austrian Succession.
The Second Treaty of Brömsebro (or the Peace of Brömsebro) was signed on 13 August 1645, and ended the Torstenson War, a local conflict that began in 1643 (and was part of the larger Thirty Years' War) between Sweden and Denmark-Norway.
Seehausen is a northern district of Leipzig in Germany.
The River Seeve is a tributary of the Elbe in northern Germany.
Segelclub Rhe (Sailing Club Rhe) is the oldest yacht club in Germany.
The Sehma is a right tributary of the river Zschopau in the German federal state of Saxony and begins at the confluence of its headstreams the White Sehma (Weiße Sehma) and Red Sehma (Rote Sehma).
The Semnones are located near the centre of the map. The orange area shows one view of the extent of the Suebian tribes in the first century AD.The Semnones were a Germanic tribe which was settled between the Elbe and the Oder in the 1st century when they were described by Tacitus in Germania: "The Semnones give themselves out to be the most ancient and renowned branch of the Suevi.
The Semperoper is the opera house of the Sächsische Staatsoper Dresden (Saxon State Opera) and the concert hall of the Staatskapelle Dresden (Saxon State Orchestra).
Sheringham (population 7,367) is an English seaside town within the county of Norfolk in the United Kingdom.
A ship mill is a type of watermill.
The Short S.25 Sunderland was a British flying boat patrol bomber, developed and constructed by Short Brothers for the Royal Air Force (RAF).
The Siege of Dresden took place in July 1760 during the Third Silesian War (part of the Seven Years' War) when a Prussian force led by Frederick the Great unsuccessfully besieged the city of Dresden in Saxony.
The Siege of Florence was a battle that occurred in either 405 or 406 AD, between the Goths and the Roman Empire at Florence.
In the Siege of Hamelin or Siege of Hameln (7 November 1806–22 November 1806), First French Empire forces captured the fortress of Hamelin from its garrison composed of troops from the Kingdom of Prussia.
The siege of Magdeburg (French: Siège de Magdebourg) was a siege of the city that took place from 25 October to 8 November 1806 during the war of the Fourth Coalition.
The Siege of Pirna (or Investment of Pirna) took place in 1756 as part of the Prussian invasion of Saxony during the Third Silesian War (part of the Seven Years' War). Following the occupation of the capital Dresden by Frederick the Great on 9 September the Saxon army had withdrawn south and taken up position at the fortress of Pirna under Frederick von Rutowski. The Saxons hoped to receive relief from the Austrian army which was across the border in neighbouring Bohemia under Marshal Browne. Following the Battle of Lobositz the Austrians withdrew, and tried to approach Pirna by a different route but they failed to make contact with the defenders. Despite a Saxon attempt to escape by crossing the River Elbe, it soon became apparent that their position was hopeless. On 14 October Rutowski concluded a capitulation with Frederick. In total 18,000 troops surrendered. They were swiftly and forcibly incorporated into the Prussian forces, an act which caused widespread protest even from Prussians. Many of them later deserted and fought with the Austrians against the Prussian forces - with whole regiments changing sides at the Battle of Prague.
Siegfried of Anhalt or Siegfried of Ballenstedt (c. 1132 – 24 October 1184) was born as the third son of Sophie of Winzenburg and her husband Albert the Bear, then Count of Anhalt, of the House of Ascania.
The Silesian Wars (Schlesische Kriege) were a series of three wars fought in the mid-18th century between Prussia (under King Frederick the Great) and Austria (under Empress Maria Theresa) for control of Silesia, all three of which ended in Prussian victory.
The Silings or Silingi (Latin: Silingae, Ancient Greek Σιλίγγαι – Silingai) were a Germanic tribe, part of the larger Vandal group.
The 140-kilometre-long road, the Silver Road (Silberstraße) is the first and longest holiday route in the German Free State of Saxony.
Sir Hector Munro, 1st Baronet of Foulis was a Scottish soldier, noble and clan chief of the highland Clan Munro.
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Richard Fletcher, 1st Baronet (1768 – 31 August 1813) was an engineer in the British Army known for his work on the Lines of Torres Vedras.
Slash-and-burn agriculture, or fire–fallow cultivation, is a farming method that involves the cutting and burning of plants in a forest or woodland to create a field called a swidden.
Slavic paganism or Slavic religion define the religious beliefs, godlores and ritual practices of the Slavs before the formal Christianisation of their ruling elites.
The Slavniks/Slavníks or Slavnikids (Slavníkovci; Slawnikiden; Sławnikowice) was a dynasty in the Duchy of Bohemia during the 10th century.
Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic linguistic group.
Slovak literature is the literature of Slovakia.
Slovakia was partly occupied by Roman legions for a short period of time.
The Slovenes, also called as Slovenians (Slovenci), are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Slovenia who share a common ancestry, culture, history and speak Slovenian as their first language.
Slow television, or slow TV (Norwegian: Sakte-TV), is a term used for a genre of "marathon" television coverage of an ordinary event in its complete length.
The Smeldingi (Smeldingen, Smolińcy) was a northwestern Slavic tribe mentioned in 9th-century sources.
SMS Arminius was an ironclad warship of the Prussian Navy, later the Imperial German Navy.
SMS Basilisk was a of the Prussian Navy (later the Imperial German Navy) that was launched in 1862.
SMS Blitz was a of the Prussian Navy (later the Imperial German Navy) that was launched in 1862.
SMS Braunschweig was the first of five pre-dreadnought battleships of the built for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy).
SMS Bussard ("His Majesty's Ship Bussard—Buzzard") was an unprotected cruiser of the Imperial German Navy, built in the 1880s.
SMS Cap Trafalgar (also called Cape Trafalgar) was a German passenger liner converted to an auxiliary cruiser during World War I. She was the first armed merchant cruiser sunk by a ship of the same class; she was destroyed by in a furious action in the South Atlantic in September 1914 soon after the start of the war.
SMS Cyclop was a of the Prussian Navy (later the Imperial German Navy) that was launched in 1860.
SMS Danzig was a light cruiser of the Imperial German Navy.
SMS Deutschland (His Majesty's Ship Germany) was the first of five pre-dreadnought battleships built for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy).
SMS Elsass was the second of five pre-dreadnought battleships of the in the German Imperial Navy.
SMS Friedrich Carl was an ironclad warship built for the Prussian Navy in the mid-1860s.
SMS Gefion ("His Majesty's Ship Gefion") was an unprotected cruiser of the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy), the last ship of the type built in Germany.
SMS Greif was a German cargo steamship that was converted into a merchant raider for the Imperial German Navy.
SMS Grosser Kurfürst was the second battleship of the four-ship.
SMS Hannover ("His Majesty's Ship Hannover") was the second of five pre-dreadnoughts of the German Imperial Navy (Kaiserliche Marine).
SMS Hela was an aviso of the German Imperial Navy before and during World War I. The only ship of her class, Hela was launched on 28 March 1895 in Bremen.
SMS Hessen was the third of five pre-dreadnought battleships of the.
SMS Kaiser Friedrich III ("His Majesty's Ship Emperor Frederick III") was the lead ship of the of pre-dreadnought battleships.
SMS Kaiser Karl der Grosse (His Majesty's Ship "Charlemagne") was a German pre-dreadnought battleship of the, built around the turn of the 20th century for the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy).
SMS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse ("HMS Emperor William the Great") was a German pre-dreadnought battleship of the, built around the turn of the 20th century.
SMS Kaiser Wilhelm II ("His Majesty's Ship Emperor William II") was the second ship of the of pre-dreadnought battleships.
SMS König Wilhelm (King William) was an armored frigate of the Prussian and later the German Imperial Navy.
SMS Kronprinz was a unique German ironclad warship built for the Prussian Navy in 1866–1867.
SMS Lothringen was the fifth of five pre-dreadnought battleships of the, built for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy).
SMS München ("His Majesty's Ship München") was the fifth of seven s of the Imperial German Navy, named after the city of Munich.
SMS Mecklenburg ("His Majesty's Ship Mecklenburg") was the fifth ship of the of pre-dreadnought battleships of the German Imperial Navy.
SMS Nassau was the first dreadnought battleship built for the Imperial German Navy, a response to the launching of the British battleship.
SMS Pommern was one of five pre-dreadnought battleships built for the Kaiserliche Marine between 1904 and 1906.
SMS Preussen was the fourth of five pre-dreadnought battleships of the, built for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy).
SMS Schleswig-Holstein was the last of the five s built by the German Kaiserliche Marine.
SMS Schwaben ("His Majesty's Ship Swabia") was the fourth ship of the of pre-dreadnought battleships of the German Imperial Navy.
SMS Wettin ("His Majesty's Ship Wettin") was a German pre-dreadnought battleship of the of the Kaiserliche Marine.
SMS Wittelsbach (German: Seiner Majestät Schiff Wittelsbach; English: His Majesty's Ship Wittelsbach) was the lead ship of the of pre-dreadnought battleships, built for the Imperial German Navy.
SMS Zähringen (German: Seiner Majestät Schiff Zähringen; English: His Majesty's Ship Zähringen) was the third pre-dreadnought battleship of the German Imperial Navy (Kaiserliche Marine).
SOKO Hamburg is a German television series that premieres on March 27, 2018, on ZDF.
Sonderkommando "Elbe" was the name of a World War II Luftwaffe task force assigned to bring down heavy bombers by ramming aircraft into them mid-air.
Sonneberg is a Kreis (district) in the south of Thuringia, Germany.
The Sonnenstein Castle is a castle in Pirna, near Dresden, Germany.
Sorbs (Serbja, Serby, Sorben), known also by their former autonyms Lusatians and Wends, are a West Slavic ethnic group predominantly inhabiting their homeland in Lusatia, a region divided between Germany (the states of Saxony and Brandenburg) and Poland (the provinces of Lower Silesia and Lubusz).
The Surbi, also known as Sorbs in modern historiography, was an Early Slavic tribe in Lower Lusatia, part of the Wends.
Southern Bight is the southern bight of the North Sea bounded by the coasts of the Netherlands, Belgium, France and Great Britain.
Southern Schleswig (Südschleswig or Landesteil Schleswig, Sydslesvig) is the southern half of the former Duchy of Schleswig in Germany on the Jutland Peninsula.
The Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany on 23 August 1939.
Spadenland is a quarter in Hamburg, Germany, in the borough of Bergedorf at the Elbe.
Spandau is a locality (Ortsteil) of Berlin in the homonymous borough (Bezirk) of Spandau.
Sphingomonas wittichii is a species of bacteria.
Spolana is a Czech chemical plant in Neratovice established in 1898.
The Spree (Sprjewja, Spréva) is a river that flows through the Saxony, Brandenburg and Berlin states of Germany, and in the Ústí nad Labem region of the Czech Republic.
Augusta Victoria, later Auguste Victoria, placed in service in 1889 and named for Empress Augusta Victoria, wife of German Emperor Wilhelm II, was the name ship of the Augusta Victoria series and the first of a new generation of luxury Hamburg America Line ocean liners.
SS Chester was a passenger and cargo vessel built for the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway in 1884.
SS Deutschland was a passenger liner built in Stettin and launched in 1900 by the Hamburg America Line of Germany.
Dollart was a coaster that was built in 1912 by Stettiner Oderwerke AG, Stettin, Germany for German owners.
Empire Endurance was a cargo liner that was built in 1928 as Alster by Deschimag Werk Vulkan, Hamburg, Germany for the shipping company Norddeutscher Lloyd.
Francisco Morazan was a cargo ship that was built in 1922 as Arcadia by Deutsche Werft, Hamburg, for German owners.
SS Gainsborough was a passenger and cargo vessel built for the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway in 1880.
SS Hodder was a freight vessel built for the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway in 1910.
SS Imperator was an ocean liner built for the Hamburg America Line (Hamburg Amerikanische Paketfahrt Aktien Gesellschaft, or HAPAG), launched in 1912.
SS Kaffraria was a British cargo ship owned by Bailey & Leetham of Hull, England.
SS Pennsylvania was a cargo liner built by Harland & Wolff, Belfast and launched in 1896 for the German Hamburg America Line for the transatlantic trade, particularly German emigration to the United States.
SS Robin is a 350 gross registered ton (GRT) steam coaster, a class of steamship designed for carrying bulk and general cargoes in coastal waters, and the oldest complete example in the world.
SS San Wilfrido was a steam-powered British tanker which was built in 1914 by Armstrong, Whitworth & Co Ltd, in the Low Walker yard.
Stettin is a steam icebreaker built by the shipyard Stettiner Oderwerke in 1933.
SS-Begleitkommando des Führers ("SS Escort Command of the Führer"), later known as the Führerbegleitkommando (Führer Escort Command; FBK) was originally an eight-man SS squad formed from a twelve-man security squad (known as the SS-Begleitkommando) tasked with protecting the life of Adolf Hitler during the early 1930s.
SS-Oberabschnitt Elbe (SS Senior District Elbe) was a division strength command of the Allgemeine-SS which encompassed the General SS-commands of central east Germany, in today what is near to the border of the Czech Republic.
Saint Mary's Cathedral in Hamburg (Sankt Mariendom, also Mariendom, or simply Dom or Domkirche, or Hamburger Dom) was the cathedral of the ancient Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hamburg (not to be confused with Hamburg's modern Archdiocese, est. 1994), which was merged in personal union with the Diocese of Bremen in 847, and later in real union to form the Archdiocese of Hamburg-Bremen, as of 1027.
Stade is a city in Lower Saxony in northern Germany.
Stade is a district (Landkreis) in Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Stade Region emerged in 1823 by an administrative reorganisation of the dominions of the Kingdom of Hanover, a sovereign state, whose then territory is almost completely part of today's German federal state of Lower Saxony.
The Nuclear power station Stade (Kernkraftwerk Stade, KKS) operated from 1972 to 2003 in Bassenfleth close to the Schwinge river mouth into the Elbe river.
Stadt Wehlen (also: Wehlen) is a town in the Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge district, in Saxony, Germany.
Stalag IV-B was one of the largest prisoner-of-war camps in Germany during World War II.
Stalag IV-D was a German World War II prisoner-of-war camp located in the town of Torgau, Saxony, about north-east of Leipzig.
Stalag Luft IV was a German World War II prisoner-of-war camp in Gross Tychow, Pomerania (now Tychowo, Poland).
Stanislav Gilyarovich Poplavsky (Станислав Гилярович Поплавский, Stanisław Popławski) (22 April 1902 – 10 August 1973) was a general in the Soviet and Polish armies.
The State of the Teutonic Order (Staat des Deutschen Ordens; Civitas Ordinis Theutonici), also called Deutschordensstaat or Ordensstaat in German, was a crusader state formed by the Teutonic Knights or Teutonic Order during the 13th century Northern Crusades along the Baltic Sea.
The Stör is a river in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, right tributary of the Elbe.
Střekov Castle (Schreckenstein) is perched atop a cliff above the River Elbe, near the city of Ústí nad Labem in the Czech Republic.
The Stecknitz Canal (Stecknitzfahrt) was an artificial waterway in northern Germany which connected Lauenburg and Lübeck on the Old Salt Route by linking the tiny rivers Stecknitz (a tributary of the Trave) and Delvenau (a tributary of the Elbe), thus establishing an inland water route across the drainage divide from the North Sea to the Baltic Sea.
The Steina Dam (Steinatalsperre) in the Harz Mountains of central Germany is a dam system comprising a dam, reservoir and waterworks near the village of Steina and belongs to the unincorporated area of Harz in the county of Osterode am Harz in Lower Saxony.
Steinburg is a district in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Steindöbra is a river of Saxony, Germany.
Steinwerder (German "stein" stone, "werder" (archaic) island or peninsula, translation "stone peninsula") is a quarter of Hamburg, Germany in the borough Hamburg-Mitte on the southern bank of the river Elbe.
A stem duchy (Stammesherzogtum, from Stamm, meaning "tribe", in reference to the Germanic tribes of the Franks, Saxons, Bavarians and Swabians) was a constituent duchy of the Kingdom of Germany at the time of the extinction of the Carolingian dynasty (the death of Louis the Child in 911) and through the transitional period leading to the formation of the Holy Roman Empire later in the 10th century.
Hansestadt Stendal is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Stendal is a district (Landkreis) in the north-east of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Stepenitz is a river in the district of Prignitz, Brandenburg, Germany.
The Stepenitz is a right-hand tributary of the River Trave in the northwest of the German state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and within the borough of Lübeck in the state of Schleswig-Holstein.
Stoigniew (died October 16, 955) was an Obotrite leader, reigning in the middle of the tenth century.
The Stoličná hora (also Kvádrovec, Kvádrberk, German: Quaderberg) is a table hill near Děčín (Tetschen) in the Bohemian Switzerland in the Czech Republic.
The Stone Bridge (Steinerne Brücke) in Regensburg, Germany, is a 12th-century bridge across the Danube linking the Old Town with Stadtamhof.
The stream order or waterbody order is a positive whole number used in geomorphology and hydrology to indicate the level of branching in a river system.
Strehla (Strzelin, Strjela) is a small town in the district of Meißen, Saxony, Germany.
The Stroke-ornamented ware (culture) or (German) Stichbandkeramik (abbr. STK or STbK), Stroked Pottery culture, Danubian Ib culture of V. Gordon Childe, or Middle Danubian culture is the successor of the Linear Pottery culture, a major archaeological horizon of the European Neolithic in Central Europe.
The Strynzelbach is a stream that begins near Herrenmühle on the Herrenmühlengraben in the borough of Ziesar in the German county of Potsdam-Mittelmark.
The Stuhlmannbrunnen (Stuhlmann Fountain) is a fountain in Altona, Hamburg, Germany.
Suchý vrch Dürrer Berg; Suchy szczyt (Dry hill); (995 metres) is the highest (double-peaked) mountain of Bukovohorská mountains, eastern part of Orlické Mountains, Moravia and Bohemia Czech Republic.
The Sude is a river of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Lower Saxony, Germany.
The Sudetes (also known as the Sudeten after their German name; Czech: Krkonošsko-jesenická subprovincie, Sudetská subprovincie, subprovincie Sudety, Sudetská pohoří, Sudetské pohoří, Sudety; Polish: Sudety) are a mountain range in Central Europe.
The Suebi (or Suevi, Suavi, or Suevians) were a large group of Germanic tribes, which included the Marcomanni, Quadi, Hermunduri, Semnones, Lombards and others, sometimes including sub-groups simply referred to as Suebi.
A summit-level canal is an artificial waterway connecting two separate river valleys.
Sumte is a village in the municipality of Amt Neuhaus, located 30 km east of the county town Lüneburg in the state of Lower Saxony in northern Germany.
Svitavy District (Okres Svitavy) is a district (Czech: okres) within Pardubice Region (Czech: Pardubický kraj) of the Czech Republic.
The Swedish Africa Company (Svenska Afrikanska Kompaniet) was a Swedish trading company, founded in 1649 on the initiative of the Walloon-Dutch merchant Louis De Geer and his son Laurens, for whom Sweden had become a second home.
The Swedish Empire (Stormaktstiden, "Great Power Era") was a European great power that exercised territorial control over much of the Baltic region during the 17th and early 18th centuries.
Below is list of Swedish language exonyms for places in non-Swedish-speaking areas of the world.
The Swedish invasion of Brandenburg (1674–75) (Schwedeneinfall 1674/75) involved the occupation of the undefended Margraviate of Brandenburg by a Swedish army launched from Swedish Pomerania during the period 26 December 1674 to the end of June 1675.
The Swifterbant culture was a Subneolithic archaeological culture in the Netherlands, dated between 5300 BC and 3400 BC.
The Sybel-Ficker controversy (Sybel-Ficker-Streit) is the name given to a dispute in the second half of the 19th century between the historians Heinrich von Sybel (1817–1895) and Julius von Ficker (1826–1902).
Sztafeta (English: Relay Race) is a 1939 compendium of literary reportage written by Melchior Wańkowicz.
The Tanger is a small river in Germany, land Saxony-Anhalt.
Tangermünde is a historic town on the Elbe River in the district of Stendal, in the northeastern part of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Bundesanstalt Technisches Hilfswerk (THW, Federal Agency for Technical Relief) is a civil protection organisation controlled by the German federal government.
Teltow is both a geological plateau and also a historical region in the German states of Brandenburg and Berlin.
Tempest is the 35th studio album by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, released on September 10, 2012 by Columbia Records.
Terezín (Theresienstadt) is a former military fortress composed of citadel and adjacent walled garrison town of Litoměřice District, in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic.
The corporation Tesch & Stabenow (in short Testa) was a market leader in pest control chemicals between 1924 and 1945 in Germany east of the Elbe.
Tespe is a municipality in the district of Harburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Teufelsbrück (Devil's Bridge) is the name of the area around the mouth of Flottbek stream into River Elbe in Hamburg, Germany.
The Teufelsturm (also Butterweckfels or Mittagstein) is a prominent rock tower and climbing rock formed of Elbe Sandstone, about forty metres high in Saxon Switzerland in East Germany.
The Tharandt Forest (Tharandter Wald) is a landscape in the centre of the German Free State of Saxony and lies southwest of the forest town of Tharandt, south of the town of Wilsdruff, roughly between the cities of Freiberg and Dresden.
The Condemned of Altona (French: Les Séquestrés d'Altona) is a play written by Jean-Paul Sartre, known in Great Britain as Loser Wins.
The Golden Pot: A Modern Fairytale (Der goldne Topf. Ein Märchen aus der neuen Zeit) is a novella by E. T. A. Hoffmann, first published in 1814.
The Last Battle is a 1966 book by Cornelius Ryan about the events leading up to the Battle of Berlin in World War II.
The Man Outside (literally Outside, at the door) is a play by Wolfgang Borchert, written in a few days in the late autumn of 1946.
"The March" refers to a series of forced marches during the final stages of the Second World War in Europe.
The Prophecies of the Nun of Dresden, under the original Italian title of Le profezie della monaca di Dresda, is a novel by Renzo Baschera which takes the form of an essay analyzing several manuscripts purportedly found at the beginning of the 19th century.
The Sea of Ice (Das Eismeer), also called The Wreck of Hope (Die gescheiterte Hoffnung) is an oil painting of 1823–1824 by the German Romantic artist Caspar David Friedrich.
The Voronov Plot is the fourteenth book in the Blake and Mortimer comic book series.
The Wrong Move (Falsche Bewegung – "False Movement") is a 1975 German road movie directed by Wim Wenders.
Carl Theodor Körner (23 September 1791 – 26 August 1813) was a German poet and soldier.
Theodor Scherer (17 September 1889 – 17 May 1951) was a German general and divisional commander in the Wehrmacht during World War II.
Theodoxus fluviatilis, common name the river nerite, is a species of small freshwater and brackish water snail with a gill and an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Neritidae, the nerites.
Thietmar (also Dietmar or Dithmar; 25 July 975 – 1 December 1018), Prince-Bishop of Merseburg from 1009 until his death, was an important chronicler recording the reigns of German kings and Holy Roman Emperors of the Ottonian (Saxon) dynasty.
Thietmar (I) (also Thiatmar, Dietmar, or Thiommar) (died 1 June 932), Count and Margrave, was the military tutor (vir disciplinae militaris peritissmus) of Henry the Fowler while he was the heir and then duke of the Duchy of Saxony.
The Thirty Seventh SS-Abschnitt was a brigade of the Allgemeine-SS which was formed in October 1938 as a subordinate unit of SS Senior District Elbe.
Thomas Grenville (31 December 1755 – 17 December 1846) was a British politician and bibliophile.
The Thorsberg chape (a bronze piece belonging to a scabbard) is an archeological find from the Thorsberg moor, Germany, that appears to have been deposited as a votive offering.
Thrasco (fl. 795 – 810) was the Prince (knyaz) of the Obotrite confederation from 795 until his death in 810.
The Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen) is a federal state in central Germany.
The Thuringii or Toringi, were a Germanic tribe that appeared late during the Migration Period in the Harz Mountains of central Germania, still called Thuringia.
Tiberius (Tiberius Caesar Divi Augusti filius Augustus; 16 November 42 BC – 16 March 37 AD) was Roman emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD, succeeding the first emperor, Augustus.
Till Backhaus (born Neuhaus 13 March 1959) is a German politician.
This is a timeline of the surrenders of the various armies of the Axis powers that marked the end of World War II.
This is a timeline of the events that stretched over the period of World War II from January 1945 to its conclusion and legal aftermath.
Torgau is a town on the banks of the Elbe in northwestern Saxony, Germany.
Torgau-Oschatz is a former district (Kreis) in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Torpedo boats had been operated by the Imperial German Navy (German: Kaiserliche Marine) from the very beginning.
A train ferry is a ship (ferry) designed to carry railway vehicles.
The Dresden tramway network (Straßenbahnnetz Dresden) is a network of tramways forming the backbone of the public transport system in Dresden, a city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
Berlin has developed a highly complex transportation infrastructure providing very diverse modes of urban mobility.
Czechoslovakia was one of Europe's major transit countries for north-south movement.
As a densely populated country in a central location in Europe and with a developed economy, Germany has a dense and modern transport infrastructure.
Transport in Hamburg comprises an extensive, rail system, subway system, airports and maritime services for the more than 1.8 million inhabitants of the city of Hamburg and 5.3 million people in the Hamburg Metropolitan Region.
Transport in the Czech Republic relies on several main modes, including transport by road, rail, water and air.
Dresden is major German city and capital of Saxony.
Gertraud "Traudl" Junge (née Humps; 16 March 1920 – 10 February 2002) worked as Adolf Hitler's last private secretary from December 1942 to April 1945.
The Treaties of Tilsit were two agreements signed by Napoleon I of France in the town of Tilsit in July 1807 in the aftermath of his victory at Friedland.
The Treaty of Eger (Vertrag von Eger), also called Main Compromise of Eger (Hauptvergleich von Eger) or Peace of Eger (Chebský mír) was concluded on 25 April 1459 in the Imperial City of Eger (Cheb), administrative seat of the immediate pawn of Egerland (Reichspfandschaft Eger).
The Treaty of Ribe (Ribe-brevet meaning The Ribe letter; Vertrag von Ripen) was a proclamation at Ribe made by King Christian I of Denmark to a number of Holsatian nobles enabling himself to become Count of Holstein and regain control of Denmark's lost Duchy of Schleswig (Danish: Sønderjylland, i.e. South Jutland).
The Treaty of Stettin (Grenzrezeß von Stettin) of 4 May 1653Heitz (1995), p.232 settled a dispute between Brandenburg and Sweden, who both claimed succession in the Duchy of Pomerania after the extinction of the local House of Pomerania during the Thirty Years' War.
The Trebnitz–Leipzig railway is a double track electrified main line in the German states of Saxony-Anhalt and Saxony built and originally operated by the Berlin-Anhalt Railway Company.
The Triebisch is a river of Saxony, Germany.
The TU Dresden (abbreviated as TUD and often mistakenly translated from German as Dresden University of Technology) is a public research university, the largest institute of higher education in the city of Dresden, the largest university in Saxony and one of the 10 largest universities in Germany with 37,134 students.
Tuczno (Tütz, earlier Tietz) is a town and former pre-diocesan Catholic see in Wałcz County, West Pomeranian Voivodeship in northwestern Poland, with 2,014 inhabitants (2004).
The tundra swan (Cygnus columbianus) is a small Holarctic swan.
Udo von Woyrsch (24 July 1895 – 14 January 1983) was a high-ranking SS official in Nazi Germany who was responsible for implementing the regime's racial policies during World War II.
Uetersen (formerly known as Ütersen (Holstein)) is a city in the district of Pinneberg, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
The Uffe is a German river in the states of Lower Saxony and Thuringia.
Ulbersdorf is a village in Saxon Switzerland in the district of Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge in southeastern Saxony, Germany.
Ulrich Makosch (17 March 1933 – 16 May 2008) was a German print and, more particularly as his career progressed, television journalist.
The unchambered long barrowMasset, Claude (1997).
The unification of Germany into a politically and administratively integrated nation state officially occurred on 18 January 1871, in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles in France.
The University of Applied Sciences Europe is a state-approved private, for-profit university (or Fachhochschule) in Germany with sites in Iserlohn, Berlin and Hamburg.
The Unterelbe (lit. Underelbe) or, in English often the Lower Elbe, names to the lower reaches of the river Elbe in Germany swayed by the tides.
The Upper Harz (Oberharz) refers to the northwestern and higher part of the Harz mountain range in Germany.
Upper Lusatia (Oberlausitz; Hornja Łužica; Górna Łužyca; Łużyce Górne or Milsko; Horní Lužice) is a historical region in Germany and Poland.
Upper Saxon (Obersächsisch) is an East Central German dialect spoken in much of the modern German State of Saxony and in the adjacent parts of Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia.
Upper Saxony (Obersachsen) was the name given to the majority of the German lands held by the House of Wettin, in what is now called Central Germany (Mitteldeutschland).
The Upper Svratka Highlands (Czech: Hornosvratecká vrchovina, German: Hohe Schwarza Bergeland, Polish: Wyżyna Górnoswratecka) is a mountain range in Moravia, Czech Republic.
An Urstromtal (plural: Urstromtäler) is a type of broad glacial valley, for example, in northern Central Europe, that appeared during the ice ages, or individual glacial periods of an ice age, at the edge of the Scandinavian ice sheet and was formed by meltwaters that flowed more or less parallel to the ice margin.
USS Conecuh (AOR-110) was a fleet replenishment tanker, originally built by F. Schichau, Danzig, in 1938 as a combination oiler and supply vessel or "Trossschiff" for the Kriegsmarine and christened as Dithmarschen.
USS Essex (CV/CVA/CVS-9) was an aircraft carrier and the lead ship of the 24-ship built for the United States Navy during World War II.
USS Lejeune (AP-74) was a German cargo liner that was converted to a US Navy troop transport during the Second World War.
Valdemar II (9 May 117028 March 1241), called Valdemar the Victorious or Valdemar the Conqueror (Valdemar Sejr), was the King of Denmark from 1202 until his death in 1241.
Valdemar Knudsen (also Waldemar, born in 1158; died 18 July 1236 in Cîteaux) was a Danish clergyman and statesman. Valdemar was Bishop of Schleswig from 1188 to 1208, officiated as Steward of the Duchy of Schleswig between 1184 and 1187, and served as Prince-Archbishop of Bremen from 1192 to 1194 and again between 1206 and 1217. He held the latter office on the grounds of the archdiocesan capitular election as archbishop elect and of the royal investiture with the princely regalia, but lacked the papal confirmation. His mother, likely the wife of another man, gave birth to him as the posthumous illegitimate son of King Canute V of Denmark in early 1158.Hans Olrik,, in: Dansk biografisk leksikon: 19 vols., Copenhagen: Gyldendal, 1887–1905, vol. XVIII: Ubbe - Wimpffen (1904), pp. 193–197, here p. 193. His father Canute V had been slain on 9 August 1157 by the co-regent Sweyn III. So Valdemar, like his half-brother, Saint Niels of Århus, claimed succession to the Danish throne. Valdemar grew up at the court of his cousin, King Valdemar I of Denmark, ''the Great''. Still in his youth his great ambitions and abilities crystallised, so that he was determined for the holy orders. Valdemar studied in Paris and Abbot Stephanus of the Abbey of Sainte-Geneviève noted that the Danish prince was mature and dignified like a bishop despite his youth, humble despite his noble descent, and spoke like a Frenchman despite his Danish tongue. After his studies his cousin promoted Valdemar's provision for the See in Sleswick (Slesvig, Schleswig) in 1179, although still too young to be consecrated bishop as successor of the late Frederick I.
Veddel is a quarter (Stadtteil) in the Hamburg-Mitte borough of the Free and Hanseatic city of Hamburg on the homonymous island in the Elbe river, in northern Germany.
Velenka is a village in Nymburk District near the Labe River with the population of 247 inhabitants living in 123 houses and the area of 498 ha.
The Veleti (Wieleten; Wieleci) or Wilzi(ans) (also Wiltzes; German: Wilzen) were a group of medieval Lechitic tribes within the territory of modern northeastern Germany, related to Polabian Slavs.
The Verkehrsverbund Oberelbe (Upper Elbe Transport Association or VVO) is a transport association run by public transport providers in the Upper Elbe area of the German state of Saxony.
VIII Corps was a British Army corps formation that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
Knowledge about military technology of the Viking Age (end of 8th- to mid-11th-century Europe) is based on relatively sparse archaeological finds, pictorial representation, and to some extent on the accounts in the Norse sagas and laws recorded in the 14th century.
The Ville de Bordeaux is a ship carrier designed to transport the elements of the Airbus A380.
Vimba vimba, called also the vimba bream, vimba,zanthe, or zarte,.
The Vindobona was an international named passenger train which began service in 1957 between Berlin and Vienna via Dresden and Prague.
The Vistula (Wisła, Weichsel,, ווייסל), Висла) is the longest and largest river in Poland, at in length. The drainage basin area of the Vistula is, of which lies within Poland (54% of its land area). The remainder is in Belarus, Ukraine and Slovakia. The Vistula rises at Barania Góra in the south of Poland, above sea level in the Silesian Beskids (western part of Carpathian Mountains), where it begins with the White Little Vistula (Biała Wisełka) and the Black Little Vistula (Czarna Wisełka). It then continues to flow over the vast Polish plains, passing several large Polish cities along its way, including Kraków, Sandomierz, Warsaw, Płock, Włocławek, Toruń, Bydgoszcz, Świecie, Grudziądz, Tczew and Gdańsk. It empties into the Vistula Lagoon (Zalew Wiślany) or directly into the Gdańsk Bay of the Baltic Sea with a delta and several branches (Leniwka, Przekop, Śmiała Wisła, Martwa Wisła, Nogat and Szkarpawa).
The Vltava (Moldau) is the longest river within the Czech Republic, running southeast along the Bohemian Forest and then north across Bohemia, through Český Krumlov, České Budějovice and Prague, and finally merging with the Elbe at Mělník.
The Volcae were a tribal confederation constituted before the raid of combined Gauls that invaded Macedonia c. 270 BC and fought the assembled Greeks at the Battle of Thermopylae in 279 BC.
von der Decken is a Hanoverian family of German nobility.
Vrchlabí (Hohenelbe; Albipolis) is a Czech town in northern part of Hradec Králové Region, in the roots of the Krkonoše Mountains.
Wackel-Elvis ("Wobbly Elvis") is a tall, hanging dashboard figure designed to resemble musician and actor Elvis Presley.
The Wackerbarth Palace, also known as the Dresdener Ritterakademie (German for "Knight's Academy of Dresden"), was a palace in Dresden, Germany, built between 1723 and 1729, under the supervision of architect Johann Christoph Knöffel (1686-1752).
The Wadden Sea National Parks in Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands are located along the German Bight of the North Sea.
The Waddensea of Hamburg between Elbe and Weser is a German Biosphere reserve.
The Waffen-SS (Armed SS) was the armed wing of the Nazi Party's SS organisation.
The Waldschlösschen Bridge (Waldschlößchenbrücke or Waldschlösschenbrücke) is a road bridge across the Elbe river in Dresden.
Wallsend, historically Wallsend on Tyne, is a town in North Tyneside, Tyne and Wear, North East of England.
Walpurgis Night, an abbreviation of Saint Walpurgis Night (from the German Sankt Walpurgisnacht), also known as Saint Walpurga's Eve (alternatively spelled Saint Walburga's Eve), is the eve of the Christian feast day of Saint Walpurga, an 8th-century abbess in Francia, and is celebrated on the night of 30 April and the day of 1 May.
Walther Wenck (18 September 1900 – 1 May 1982) was the youngest General of the branch (General der Truppengattung) in the German Army and a staff officer during World War II.
Wanke nicht, mein Vaterland ("Do not falter, my fatherland"), also known as Schleswig-Holstein, meerumschlungen ("Schleswig-Holstein, embraced by the sea") or Schleswig-Holstein-Lied is the unofficial anthem of Schleswig-Holstein.
The Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg railway is the shortest railway link between the Ruhr and the Hamburg Metropolitan Region and hence one of the most important railway lines in northwest Germany.
The War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748) involved most of the powers of Europe over the question of Maria Theresa's succession to the Habsburg Monarchy.