Church of St. Anne - Vilnius, Lithuania - This Old Church on Waymarking.com
Church of St. Anne - Vilnius, Lithuania
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Marine Biologist
N 54° 40.988 E 025° 17.575
35U E 389946 N 6060869
Quick Description: The Church of St. Anne's is a Roman Catholic church in the Old Town area of Vilnius, Lithuania. It was constructed from 1495–1500 in the Flamboyant Gothic and Brick Gothic architectural styles.
Location: Lithuania
Date Posted: 8/28/2015 10:15:23 AM
Waymark Code: WMPGG1
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
Views: 3

Long Description:
"St. Anne's Church (Lithuanian: Šv. Onos bažnycia) is a Roman Catholic church in Vilnius' Old Town, on the right bank of the Vilnia River. It is a prominent example of both Flamboyant Gothic and Brick Gothic styles. St. Anne's is a prominent landmark in the Old Town of Vilnius that enabled the district to be included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites.

History

he first church at this site, constructed of wood, was built for Anna, Grand Duchess of Lithuania, the first wife of Vytautas the Great. Originally intended for the use of Catholic Germans and other visiting Catholics, it was destroyed by a fire in 1419. The present brick church was constructed on the initiative of Grand Duke of Lithuania Alexander in 1495–1500; the exterior of the church has remained almost unchanged since then. A reconstruction of the church, funded by Mikolaj "the Black" Radziwill and Jerzy Radziwill, was carried out following severe fire damage, in 1582. Abraomas Kulvietis preached in the church between 1538 and 1541. In 1747, the church underwent a repair under supervision of Johann Christoph Glaubitz. In 1762, side arches of the main portal were hidden in order to strengthen the support for the facade.

According to a well-known legend, Emperor Napoleon, after seeing the church during the Franco-Russian War in 1812, expressed a wish to carry the church home with him to Paris 'in the palm of his hand'. The church was renovated in 1902–1909 when the side arches were uncovered and the walls were strengthened with iron and again in 1960–1970 when the towers in bad shape were restored. On August 23, 1987 the Lithuanian Freedom League held a rally in a square near the church and the monument of Adam Mickiewicz to protest the ongoing Soviet occupation, which was broken up by the militia. Most recent reconstruction followed in 2009: the roofing was replaced, facade elements were reinforced and long-missing side spires were rebuilt.

Architecture

The design of the church building is attributed to either Michael Enkinger, the architect of a church of the same name in Warsaw, or to Benedikt Rejt. However, neither of the attributions is attested by written sources. St. Anne's Church is part of an ensemble, comprising the much larger Gothic Church of St. Francis and Bernadine, as well as a monastery.

A novel approach to bricks as a construction material was employed in the church's construction. The main façade, designed in the Flamboyant Gothic style, is its most striking feature. Traditional Gothic elements and shapes were used in unique ways; Gothic arches are framed by rectangular elements dominating a symmetrical and proportionate façade, creating an impression of dynamism. According to Lithuanian architect and art historian Vladas Drema, patterns from the Pillars of Gediminas are echoed in the church's façade.

The church has one nave and two towers. It was built using 33 different kinds of clay bricks and painted in red. The interior is decorated in the Baroque style, as is its altar. The imitative neo-Gothic bell tower, constructed in the 1870s to Chagin's designs, stands nearby."

--Wikipedia (visit link)
Date the Church was built, dedicated or cornerstone laid: 1/1/1500

Age of Church building determined by?: Other reliable source

If denomination of Church is not part of the name, please provide it here: Catholic

If Church is open to the public, please indicate hours: From: 11:00 AM To: 6:00 PM

If Church holds a weekly worship service and "all are welcome", please give the day of the week: Sunday

Indicate the time that the primary worship service is held. List only one: 11:00 AM

Street address of Church:
Maironio g. 8-1
Vilnius, Lithuania
01124


Primary website for Church or Historic Church Building: [Web Link]

Secondary Website for Church or Historic Church Building: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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*kukka* visited Church of St. Anne - Vilnius, Lithuania 2/5/2020 *kukka* visited it
Walking Boots visited Church of St. Anne - Vilnius, Lithuania 11/11/2018 Walking Boots visited it
Dorcadion Team visited Church of St. Anne - Vilnius, Lithuania 7/25/2012 Dorcadion Team visited it

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