10,000 Famous Freemasons - Vol I [A to D] by Missouri Freemasons - Issuu

Page 1


Copyright. 1957, William R. Denslow

Foreword It is a great pleasure and satisfaction to me that the Missouri Lodge of Research is to publish four volumes containing the biographies of ten thousand or more Freemasons who have contributed to the history of the Free W orld~ We know that research is the most important step in the study of history. Comprehensive and accurate information must be available for those who would interpret trends in world happenings.. History is made by men. It is therefore ne'cessary to know about the men who have made history. In the study of the past we must know the motives that inspired men who made history. Events and dates are of no value unless we can discover what caused those events at the dates stated in what passes for history. Plutarch in Roman times and Abbott in recent times wrote. biographies of great men. Thousands of words about the subjects of these biographies have been written by other famous men-8hakespeare, for instance, and Milton and Emerson and Toynbee.. Perhaps these Masonic biographies will cause future historians, authors and playwrights to appreciate what has been done since these great books were written. Then people of future generations will have a fair basis for the evaluation of our times. HARRyS. TRUMAN, PGM Past Master Missouri Lodge of Research Independence, Missouri December 9, 1957


Preface This is the first of four projected volumes entitled 10,000 Famous FTeemasortS, a much needed Masonic research project, sponsored by the Missouri Lodge of Research. Perhaps the title is misleading, for the men listed herein, in the main, have not been famous primarily for their contributions to Freemasonry, but they are 10,000 famous orr interesting personalities who have made their names in other fields. However, they have been, or are, memb,ers of the fraternity. There are hundreds of professional Freemasons and thousands of Masonic dignitaries who will not be mentioned. Their biographies have been inscribed in the various proceedings and annals of Freemasonry and will not be given here. A few national heads, founders and Masonic authors will be the exceptions. These volumes do not cover any particular country or time,but, on the contrary, are world-wide in scope and cover the famous men from the beginnings of Freemasonry down to, and including, the present year. Many volumes and pamph~ets have been written on "Famous Freemasons,," This work will exceed them all in· scope, and, we hope, in accuracy_ Nevertheless it isooly a start on. the vast amount of material that is available in the field of Masonic biography. It is a continuing process and tomorrow may lift a brother to prominence or rob another of his laurels. It is difficult to establish a criteria for inclusion in these volumes. The reader will note, for instance, that many famous FreemasCYnS have been overlooked, whereas many famous men who were anti-Maso'ltS are included. Former members who have been "back sliders" are noted as such when it comes to our attention and famous men who have been expelled are listed alsQ. We have given the facts and have not. attempted to claim what was not ours~ The last volume of this series will include an ,addenda of the' many worthy brethren who have been omitted, and we will rely on our. readers to bring these names to our attention so that they maybe included. To understand the difficulties in preparing a volume of this type, let us explain how it has been accomplished. Five years ago, we microfilmed and reprinted several thousand biographical cards in the library of the House of the Temple, Supreme Council, 33°, AASR (SJ). This kind gesture of the Southern ·Supreme Council is .appreciated. This basic card file .started our research. In the intervening five years, we have increased our· 3x 5 reference file from the original group to the amazing total of approximately 60,000 cards. To do this, we' have read, marked and pasted on3·x 5 cards, all the biographies in the current Who's Who, the two volumes of Who Was Who and the Who's Who Su.pplements. The majority of our references, however, have come from thousands of Masonic books and periodicals which we have indexeidduring this p;eriod. This is a continuing process, and we add a dozen or more biographical cards a day to our files~ This card file is supplemented by an extensive biographical file for more lengthy material. We already havem,entioned the valuable assistance given .by the S,cottish v

Rite, ,Southern Jurisdiction, for the part it contributed to this project. The York Rite also has donated heavily by paying the salary of the author and his staff of The Royal Arch Mason magazine for the many hours they have spent working on these volumes. They have bought card files, cards, books and other material that has been necessary. in compiling the original material. The contribution of the General Grand Chapter, Royal Arch Masons will run into five figures before the project is completed. The compiler wishes to express his appreciation to Ray V. Denslow, Na.da W. Hoffman and Juanita D. Denslow for their help in copyreading and proofreading and to Hazel H. Jackson for maintaining the card files. These volumes will stand as a memorial to the .criticism' of our detractors. What other group of men in the world has accomplished so much? A perusal of these biographies will indicate that a great proportion of the liberators, patriots, royalty, explorers, statesmen, judges, inventors, soldiers, sailors, musicians, entertainers, aviators, and business executives have seen fit to honor our fraternity with their membership. For more than 200 years Freemasonry has produced men of leadership, morals and vision; men of knowledge; 'men of science; men of war; men who would free their people from the oppressor; men who would fight to maintain that liberty-and men who would offer a helping hand to the downtrodden. They are, indeed, brethren of whom we may be路proud! In these four volumes you may read their record. It will speak for itself!! WILLIAM



Compiler of the 1957 Transactions, Missouri Lodge of Research.


A John Aasen A giant 8' 6/1 tall who, when raised in Highland Park Lodge No. 382, Los Angeles on July 14, 1924, weighed 536 lbs. The raising was done by Arthur S. Crites, G.M. and all ritualistic ceremonies were observed except that 12 craftsmen were required.. Fifteen hundred witnessed the ceremony.. Aas.en appeared in a number of motion pictures including The

1894. PHP of St. Paul's Royal Arch Chapter, Boston. Robert O. Abbott (1824.. 1867) Surgeon General of the U.S., 1862-67. b. in Pennsylvania, he entered the army in 1849 as assistant surgeon and accompanied Magruder's battery to California. He subsequently served in the East and also in Florida and Texas. During 1861 he was assistant to the chief medical purveyor of New York and later medical director of the Fifth Army Corps. The duties of his office were arduous and he died of overwork. Mentioned as a Mason in the District of Columbia proceedings .of


Leon Abbett Governor of New Jersey, 1885-1887. Past master Mystic Tie Lodge No. 272, New York City. Demitted to VarickLodge No. 31, Jersey City and later to Temple Lodge No. 110. Was representative· to·G.L. of Ireland from G.L. of New Jersey from 1886 to 1894. Member of Ancient Chapter No,. 1, R.A.M., New York City.


William R. Abbott (1869-1950) President of nIinois Bell Telephone Co. 1922-30; chairman of the board, 1930-34. b. Sept. 18, 1869 in New York City. Began 'as clerk for Erie Railroad in 1885 and with the Westchester (N.Y.) Telephone Company in 1888. Was with Illinois Bell from 1893, becoming general superintendent, general manager, vice president and president. Mason and Knight Templar. d. Mar. 2, 1950.

Stephen Abbot General in American Revolution. Member Essex Lodge, Salem, Mass. Bud Abbott Radio, stage and screen performer. b. Asbury ·Park, N.J., Oct. 2, 1898.. Began as a cashier in theatres in 1916 and became famous with the founding of the team "Abbottand Costello." Sold 78 million in war bonds on a 31 day tour during WW2 and .entertained in 300Anny and Navy camps. A Mason and a Shriner..

Abd.-el-Kader (1807-1883) Algerian patriot and emir of Mascara. b. near Mascara, .his family were SheTiis or descendants of· Mohammed, and his father, Mahi-ed-Din, wascelebrated throughout north Africa for hi.s piety and Charity. He received an ex.cellenteducation in theology, philosophy and ·the manly· arts such as horsemanship. After the French had taken possession of Alg'eria (1830) the Ata'P$ entreated Mahi-oo-D'in to become &.

George B. Abbott English Masonic writer.. Member of Gladsmuir Lodge No. 1385. Leen M. Abbott ·(1867-19:32) Grand Commander of Supreme Council AASR (NJ)··PGM of·Mass. Raised in Columbian Lodge, Bo$ton,June 7,


James, 1st Duke of Abercorn (1866-68; 1874-76). Grand Master of Ireland 1874-1885.

sultan, which he did, but immediately abdicated in favor of Abd, his, son. Abd, at the head of 9,000 troops marched toward Gran to drive out the French. The fighting was bitter, but the French remained in possession of the city. For the next 13 years he stubbornly resisted the French conquest of Algeria, but in 1847 when they massed 120,000 troops against him, he was forced to surrender under these tremendous odds. Although promised that he would be allowed to go to Alexandria, he and his family were detained in Europe for :five years. In July, 1860, he was active in defending the Christians against the murderous attacks of the Moslems in the Christian quarters at Damascus. In recognition of saving many lives, he received decorations and presents from many countries.. The remainder of his life- was occupied in public devotions, religious instruction and practical charity. A biography published in London in 1867 records this interesting episode: "Abd-el-Kader had just succeeded in achieving, after much toil and self-abnegation, the highest distinction to be attained in a religious profession, dogmatic and exclusive. By a singular contrast he now wished to wear the badge of a society based and established on the principle of universal brotherhood. The Masonic body in Alexandria hastened to welcome the illustrious. neophyte. The Lodge of the Pyramids was specially convened for. the occasion on the evening of 18th of June (1867). Abd-el-Kader was initiated into the mysteries, and to the privileges of being a 'Fellow of the Prophet,' added the more time-honored privilege of being a 'Free and Accepted Mason.'" He died at Damascus on May 26, 1883.

James, 2nd Duke of Abercorn (18381913) Eldest brother of Lord George Francis Hamilton. Was official figurehead of the Irish landlords in land war and opposed home rule. Grand Master of Ireland in 1886 succeeding his father, the first duke. James, 7th Earl of Abercorn (James Hamilton) (?-1744) Privy Councilor of England. Named Grand Master of England by the retiring Grand Master, Duke of Richmond, in 1725. He was at that time master of a lodge and had served on the committee of charity during that year. Succeededhis father as Earl of Abercorn in 1734. Died, 1744. John W. Abercrombie (1866-1940) Educator and public official. President of University of Alabama 190211. State supervisor of teacher certification in Alabama 1935-40. Acting Secretary for U.S. Department of Labor 1918-20. Member of 63rd and 64th Congress 1913-17. Member of Alabama Senate 1896-98. M,ason and 32掳 AASR. Sir Ralph Abercromby (1734-1801) British general who led the路 expeditionary force that conquered St. Lucia and Trinidad in 1795-96. He commanded troops in the Mediterranean in 1800, defeated the French at Alexandria in 1801 and died of wounds received there. He is credited with restoring the discipline and efficiency of the British army. Member of Canongate KUwinning Lodge No.2, Edinburgh, Scotland. Charles Aberdour (Lord Sholto) Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of England (Moderns) from 1757-61 and 20th Grand Master Mason of Scotland, 1755-56. He was later the 15th Earl of Morton.

James, 1st Duke of Abercorn (181110th Earl, 2nd Marquis and 1st Duke of Abercorn. Grandson of 1st Marquis; lord lieutenant of Ireland 1~85)

WaIter S. Abernathy Transportation economist, government official. 2

Sir Allan Adair b. Sept. 7, 1887 at Petersburg, Va. Transportation specialist, Dept. of Commerce 1928-53; executive secretary Pan American Railway Congress since 1949. Raised in Powhatan Starke Lodge No. 12,4, Petersburg, Va. on Sept. 5, 1919. Member of Columbia Chapter No.1, Washington, D.C'. 3-2째 AASR (8J) in Albert Pike Consistory, Washington, D.C. May 28, 1946. Member of Almas Shrine' Temple, 1946; Washington Chapter No.3, National Sojourners, George Washington Camp of Heroes of '76. Past president (1944) of advisory board of Masonic Clubs of D.C. Past deputy state president of National League of Masonic Clubs.

Robert S. Abernethy Brigadier General, U.S. Army. b. Aug. 5, 1874 in Gonzales Co., Texas. Commissioned lieutenant in 1897 and promoted through grades to general rank on Oct. 1, 1932. Served in the Spanish American War and in the P'hilippines. Commanded 175th Field Artillery Brigade, A.E.F. in WW1. His last command was San Francisco Port of Embarkation and he retired in 1938. ~1ember of Summerton Lodge No. 105, Summerton, N.C. and served as national president of the National Sojourners from 1937-40. Thomas G. Abernethy Congressman from Mississippi. Member of 76th to 84th Congresses. b. May 16, 1903 at Eupora, Miss. Lawyer. Received degrees in Eupora Lodge No. 423 and presently member of Prairie Lodge No. 87 at Okolona, Miss. Member of Royal Arch Chapter and Commandery, K.T. at Okolona and Hamasa Shrine Temple at Meridian, Miss. Edmond Francois Valentin About (1828-1885) French journalist, novelist, playwright land member of the

French Academy. Author of Le Roi des Montagnes (1856), Le Nez d'un Notaire (1862) and Madelon (1863) . Mason.

George, 5th Earl of Aboyne (George Gordon) (1761-1853) Soldier; succeeded as 5th Earl of Aboyne in 1794 and the 9th Marquis of Huntly in 1836. Was Grand Master of Scotland in 1802-03. Antonine Firmin Abraham A Freemason who made himself notorious at Paris in the beginning of the 19th century by the manufacture and sale of false Masonic diplomas and by trading the higher degrees, from which traffic he reaped a harvest for some time. Herbert Abraham President of Ruberoid Co. since 1903. b.. July 9, 1883, New York City.. President of Asphalt Roofing Industry Bureau three tenns.. Served on War Industries Board, Washington, 1917-18. Mason. Allen Abrams Vice president of Marathon Corp. since 1940 and Director since 1943. Deputy Director of development and research for O.S.S. in 1943-44. b. Jan. 27, 1889. Mason. Benjamin Abrams President of Emerson Radio and Phonograph Corp. Came to this country from Romania at the age of 12. Left school at 13 to help support his fatherless family and by the age of 29 had acquired the name, assets and presidency of the Emerson Corp. His career is studded with "firsts"; the radio-phonograph, the smallest radio and commercial television. Famed for his philanthropy to national and international projects. He is a member of Farragut Lodge No. 976, New York City. ,Franz Abt (1819-1885) German composer.. b. Eilenberg Saxony d. Wiesbaden. Composed a number of cantatas and songs for the lodge for use on St. John's Feast Days. Initiated in Brunswick Lodge in 1853..

Sir Allan Adair B:ritish Major Generalcreated the 6th Baron in 1938 of

E. Ross Adair baronetcy established in 1888. Served Okahoma and illinois, first practicing with Grenadier Guards in 19:16-17 and in Muskogee, Okla. in 1911-13 and was in command of the 3rd Bn. in 1940; then in Quincy, ID. Illinois state senathe 30th Guards Brigade in 1941; and tor in 1928-32 and member of the the 6th Brigade in 1942; when he was 73rd and 74th Congresses (1933-37) given command of the newly fonned from 15th district. Has been U.S. disArmored Division of the Guards trict judge, Southern Illinois district which he retained until the end of since 1937. Mason. WW2 and led in the epic dash of 1944 Alva Adams (1850-19;22) Governor from the Seine to the relief of Brusof Colorado 1887-89; 189-7-9'9. Candisels. It was regarded as one of the most gallant achievements of the date for governor in 1904 and was deEuropean liberation. His only son (a clared elected, being seated on Jan. 10, captain) was killed when the Guards but on March 20, 1905 he was ousted attacked Mount Camino in Italy, by legislature which gave the office to Nov. 1943. Since 1951 he has been James H. Peabody, who served one second in command of the Queen's day and resigned. Member of first Bodyguard of the Yeomen of the Colorado legislature in 1876. U.S. Guard. Commander of the Bath; Commissioner-General to Australia, DSO; M.C. He entered Masonry in New Zealand, Java, Siam, and China. April, 1924 in Household Brigade Knighted in Pueblo Commandery No. Lodge No. 2614, serving as master. 3, K.T. Jan. 15, 1884; 32° January 29, Appointed assistant grand master 1890 in Denver. Active member of of the G.L. of England in 1953. A Supreme Council AASR (SJ). b. Iowa member of most of the Masonic rites . Co., Wis., May 14, 1850; d. Battle Creek, Mich., Nov. 1, 1922. in England. Alva B. Adams (1875-1941) U.S. Senator from Colorado, 1923-45. b. Oct. 29, 1875 at Del Norte, Colo. Graduate of Yale and Columbia universities, and admitted to Colorado bar in 1899, practicing at Pueblo. d. Dec. 1, 1941. Mason.

E. Ross Adair Congressman from 4th Indiana district to 82nd Congress. b. Dec. 15, 1907 at Albion, Ind. Admitted to bar in 1933 and since practiced at Fort Wayne. Served in army overseas in WW2. Raised in Albion Lodge No. 97, Albion, Ind. in 1929. 32 0 AASR in Fort Wayne, Ind. Shriner, National Sojourner, Tall Cedar member.

Andrew Adams (1736-1797) Sign.. er of Articles of Confederation in 1777 and chief justice of Supreme Court of Connecticut. b. in January, 1736 in Stratford, Conn. Graduated from Yale in 1760 and practiced at Stamford and Litchfield. Member of state legislature in 1776-81; delegate to Congress in 1777..80 and again in 1781-82. Appointed judge of state supreme court in 1789, he was made chief justice in 1793. He was an adroit lawyer and an able judge. Member of St. Paul)s Lodge No. 11, Litchfield, Conn. d. N O V26 . , 1797•

Hugh R. Adair Justice, Supreme Court of Montana from 1943 and chief justice since 1947. b. Aug. 27, 1889 at Trego Co., Kansas. Served in both bodies of Montana state legislature and was lieutenant governor from 1937-41, addressing the Grand Lodge of Montana in this capacity in 1938. Past potentate of Algeria Shrine TempIe.

Jackson L. Adair Congressman, judge.. b. Feb. 23, 1888 at· Clayton, ID. Graduated from Univ. of Michigan in 1911 and admitted to bar in Michigan,

Charles F. Adams (1876-1946) Business executive who pioneered and


Samuel Adams developed National League hockey in U.S., 1925. Governor of the league 1925-37; Director and chairman of board of Eastern Racing Association 1935-43. Director Boston National League Baseball Association 1927-35. Knight Templar and Shriner. b. Oct. 19, 1876, in NeVlport, Vt. d. Oct. 1, 1946. Claude M. Adams Brigadier General U.S. Army (1943). Executive officer and aide-de-camp to General G. C. Marshall, chief of staff; military attache to Brazil 1942-44. Served in WWl as lieutenant. Vice president of O'Donnell Shoe Corp. Mason. b. Humbolt, Tenn., Oct. 2, 1895.

1931-34. b. Dec. 25, 1873 at La Porte, Ind. Admitted to bar in 1900. Named to Supreme Court of Colorado as justice in 1925, serving last part of term as chief justice. Resumed law practice in 193,5. Mason. d. May 13, 1942. Karl L. Adams (1888-1948) President of Northern TIlinois State Teachers College at DeKalb, Ill. from 1929. b. Sept.' 5., 1888 at Lexington, Ohio. Mason. d. Dec. 6, 1948. Kenneth S. Adams Chairman of board of Phillips Petroleum Co. since 1951. President of Phillips from 193851. b. Aug. 31, 1899 at Horton, Kans. Began with Phillips as a warehouse clerk in 1920. Member of Bartlesville Lodge No. 284, B,artlesville Chapter No. S5, R.A..M.; Calvary Commandery No. 26, K.'r. all of B·artlesville, Okla. 33° AASR (SJ) at Guthrie, Okla.; Kara Grotto, Bartlesville; Tulsa Court No~ 47, Royal Order of Jesters, Tulsa; Akdar Shrine Temple at Tulsa; Wasono Shrine Club, Bartlesville, Bartlesville Scottish Rite Club. Member, Legion of Honor, Order of DeMolay and Trustee, Masonic Foundation of Oklahoma, Inc.

Frank R. Adams Author and playwright. Has written about 20 novels, a score of musical comedies, several motion pictures and a book of lyrics o£ musical comedy. b. July 7, 1883 at Morrison, Ill. Graduate of Univ. of Chicago in 1904. Mason. Jasper Adams (1793-1841) Clergyman and educator. b. Aug. 27, 1793 in Medway, Mass. Graduate of Brown Univ. and studied theology at An.. dover. Math professor at Brown and at same time ordained .in Episcopal church. Became president of the college of Charleston in 1824, and Hobart College (Geneva, N.Y.) in 1826. Served as professor at West Point from 1838-40. Raised in Mt. Vernon Lodge No.4, Providence, R.I. in Sept., 1821. d. Oct. 25, 1841.

Myron E. Adams (1876-1930) Social Worker. D.D. Syracuse University 1898. Ordained Baptist minister 1905. Social worker in Rochester, N.Y.; Cleveland, Ohio; Buffalo and New York City. Organized and became first director of Department of Morale (under Chief of Staff U.S. Army) during WWl. Executive secretary of National Rehabilitation Corom. 1922; associated with Marshall Field and Albert A. Sprague in the Public Service Associates, Inc., 1922-26. Mason. b. Feb. 19, 1876. d. Jan. 17, 1930.

John Adams American Revolution (naval). Purser on ship Raleigh during Revolution. Member St. Jooo's Lodge No.1, Portsmouth, N.H. John Quincy Adams (1767-1848) Sixth President of the United States 1825-29. An anti-Mason who a year before his death published a book of his letters against the Masonic fraternity which amounted to an expose.

Richard Adams Privateer and Captain during Revolution. Member of St. Peter's Lodge, Newburyport, Mass. Samuel Adams Signer, Declaration of Independence. No record of his

John T. Adams (1873-1942). Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Colorado,


Samuel Adams are brethren of the Rosy Cross we have the Mason's Word."

Masonic affiliation although purported to have been made a Mason in St. John's Lodge, Boston, Mass.

Sir Michael Adeane Private secretary to Queen Elizabeth of England and to her father, King George VI, to whom he acted, in a sense, as a Masonic aide-de-camp, on many occasions. Represented Ge'orge VI at in.. stallation of the Earl of Scarbrough as GM in 1951. A Knight of the Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, he served as senior grand deacon of the Grand Lodge of England in 1946.

Samuel Adams Governor of Arkansas in 1844. Member of Clarksville Lodge No.5 (Ark.) and junior grand warden pro-tem of the G.L. of Arkansas in 1844. Samuel E. Adams Active member of Supreme Council AASR (SJ). d. March 29, 1912. Raised in Vermont Lodge No. 18, Hartland, Vt. Exalted in Burlington (Vt.) Chapter No.3, Feb. 14, 185,5. Knighted in Burlington Commandery No.2, Sept. 19, 1855. Received 33 0 from G.e. Albert Pike at Minneapolis, Minn. Aug. 23, 1885.

Charles Adkins (1863-1941)" Congressman from Illinois 69th to 72nd Congresses (1925-33). Mason. Home, Decatur, TIL Jesse C. Adkins (1879-1955) Judge. Special assistant to the Attorney General from 1908 to 1916. Appointed Associate Justice, Supreme Court of District of Columbia in 1930. Chairman judo sect. American Bar Assn., 1935. Mason. 32째. b. April 13, 1879. d. Mar. 29, 1955.

Sherman Adams Governor of New Hampshire; advisor to President Eisenhower. Elected governor of New Hampshire in 1949 and was the 40th Freemason to serve as governor out of a total of 67 since 1785. As advisor to Eisenhower he was often called "Assistant President," and was chief of the White House staff. Described as "tough-minded, aloof, knowing all the policies, aims, purposes and background." Makes many decisions on his own and is sometimes c'alled "The Rock of Gibraltar." Knight Templar, 32째 and member of B'ektash Shrine Temple of N.H. Served in WW1 and traces kinship back to two presidents of the U.S. Speaker of N.H. House of Representatives 1943-44 and member of the 79th Congress. b. East Dover, Vt., Jan. 8, 1899.

Julius Oehs Adler (1892-1955) Major General; vice-president and general manager of the New Yark Times. Fought in both WW1 and WW2 and was called a "Soldier's Soldier" by President Eisenhower. Was active in many Jewish, civic and patriotic endeavors throughout his life. The rank of general-which Adler carried proudly-was not honorary. He had been a civilian soldier for forty years. Since . WW1, he had served the 77th infantry division. He left it during WW2 to lead other combat troops. After the war he rejoined the 77th and became the commanding general of this New York reserve unit. He started with the New York Times in 1914, and in directing its business management as well as that of the Chattanooga (Tenn.) Times, he helped maintain the high standards that have been a credit to the world of journalism. He was a member of Justice

Wilbur L. Adams (1884-1937) Congressman from Delaware 73rd Congress. Lawyer. Democratic candidate for U.S. Senate, 1934. b. Oct. 23, 1884. d. Dec. 4, 1937. Mason.

Henry Adamson Wrote the first printed reference yet discovered showing the Master's Word to be connected with the Rosy Cross. It occurs in his The Muses Threnodie-"For we 6

Emilio Aguinaldo Lodge No. 753 of New York City. Adler died on October 3, 1955 and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery on October 6.

Joaquin Aguilar Magistrate of Supreme Court of Costa Rica. Member of the College of Lawyers. Esperanza Lodge.

Adolph Friedrich IV Duke of Mecklemburg-Strelitz (1738-1.794) Initiated in 1772 by dep,utation of the lodge Irene zu den drei Stemen in Rostock, Germany. In 1774 he entered the lodge at New-Brandeburg remaining a member until his death.

Emilio Aguinaldo Philippine patriot and general. b. March 22, 1869, at Old Cavite, Luzon of Chinese and Tagalog parentage. Was educated in the home of a Jesuit priest and later in the University of St. Tholnas, conducted by the Dominican fl~iars in Manila. Was initiated Jan. 1, 1895 in Pilar Lodge under the Grand Orient of Spain, becoming master of the lodge. At the outbreak of the insurrection in August, 1896, he was mayor of Cavite Viejo. During this uprising, he took a prominent part, displaying a marked capacity for leadership. In 1898 Spain gave him a subsidy for remaining out of the country and he went to Hong Kong until the U.S. entered the war against Spain.. Believing the time was ripe for a change in government, he returned immediately after the Battle of Manila, May 1, 1898, for the express purpose of assisting the American government. They gave him authority to set up a native government of which he became the head' and organized an anny. Having doubt as to the future freedom of. his country under American rule, he began hostilities against the U.S. during the year 1899 and engaged in several pitched battles, but was driven ÂŁrom capital to capital until finally captured by General Frederick Funston at Palawan, Luzon on March 23, 1901. On April 19, 1901 he took an oath of allegiance t.o the U.S'. and retired to a peaceful life. During the Spanish rebellion he organized the Triagle Magdalo, with other Freemasons and it later became Magdalo Lodge. The lodge held its meetings in Aguinaldo's residence. It was on the balcony of this residence that the proclamation of the First Republic and the unveiling of the original Philippine flag took place,

Adolph Fredrik (1710-1771) King of Sweden 1751-1771. Was master of a Stockholm lodge and received the title or Protector of Swedish Freemasonry in 1762. Baron van Aersen-,Beyeren Grand Master of the Netherlands 1756-1758. John S. Africa (1839-1900) Banker and grand master of Pennsylvania 1891-1892. Member Pennyslvania legislature,' 1860. Secretary Internal Affairs of Pa. 1883-87. President Union Trust Co. of Philadelphia 1887-1900. Gregorio Aglip,ay Chaplain General of the Philippine Army 1899-1901. Scottish Rite member. Later headed the Philippine Independent Church. Andrew D. Agnew (1867-1951) Grand Master of the Grand Encampment, K.T. 1932-37. Native of Ireland. Lawyer. Active member of the Supreme Council (NJ), 1920. 33° in 1911.

Ignacio Agramonte (1841-1873) Cuban patriot and Freemason who participated in war which followed Cuba's declaration of independence in 1868. b. in Puerto Principe, he was commissioned under Cespedes and became leader of the revolts of 1868-69 against Spain. He was killed in battle. CamiIo Mora Aguilar Governor of province of San Jose, Costa Rica. Son of President Juan Rma el Mora. An agriculturist. Member of Union Fraternal No. 10.


Charles T. Aikens June 12, 1898.. Four months after his initiation into Freemasonry, he affiliated with the Katipunan) an organization patterned after Freemasonry with passwords and three degrees. Seeing this organization was the best means of gathering support for the revolutionary movement, he encouraged all able-bodied men to join it, and the success of the revolution, at least in Cavite, may be attributed to the Katipunan. When the Grand Orient of Spain fused with the G.L. of the Philippines in February 1917, Aguinaldo became a Scottish Rite Mason. He was coroneted a 33 0 on Feb. 13, 1955.

Charles T. Aikens (1862-1927) University president and Lutheran minister. Ordained, 1888. President of Susquehanna University, Selinsgrove, Pa. from 1905. President of Lutheran Synod of Central Pa. 1897-1901. 3,20 AASR.

of the Royal Company of Archers and as such constituted a member of His Majesty's Bodyguard for Scotland. His services were called for in every large civic or national enterprise. He had held many high offices in Freemasonry, and was head of the Grand Chapter of Scotland for 30 years, being 1st Grand Principal from 1913 until his death in 1943. He made three Masonic visits. to the United States, 1924, 1927 and 1933 for the purpose of settling jurisdictional differences with the General Grand Chapter over the chapters in the Philippines. On his death his titles passed to his brother Charles q.v. Initiated in Holyrood House Lodge No. 44, Edinburgh, Nov. 17, 1896. Marquess of Ailsa Charles Kennedy, 16th Earl of Cassillis and 5th Marquess of Ailsa upon the death of his brother, Archibald q.'V., in 1943. b. April 10, 1875, he was educated at Eton and Royal Agriculture College Cirencester. Formerly captain Ayrshire Yeomanry and lieutenant 3rd Bn. Royal Scotts Fusilliers; served in South Africa 1900~1901 as captain, Prince of Wales Light Horse. As Lord Kennedy, he received most of his Masonic light in the United States, where he came after the African War. He was initiated in Acacia Lodge No. 11, A.F. & A.M. of Cheyenne, Wyoming April 4, 1905; passed May 25, 1905 and raised June 8, 19050. His petition for the capitular degrees was received by Lebanon Chapter No. 3. of Laramie, Wyo. on June 9, 1909 and was elected July 14. He received the MM and PM degrees Aug. 11, 1909. The MEM and RAM degrees were conferred by Nevada Chapter No. 56, of Nevada, Mo.. by request of Lebanon chapter on March 14 and 22, 1910. About 1914 he was in Davenport, Iowa. He demitted from the lodge in Nov. 15, 1921 and the chapter Nov. 9, 1921. In a letter to the chapter dated Dec.. 10, 1919 he thanked them for remitting

Marquess of Ailsa (1872-1943) Archibald Kennedy, 15th Earl of路 Cassillis, created Marquess of Ailsa in 1938. b. May 22, 1872. d. Feb. 27, 1943. The Kennedys are a famous and powerful S,cottish family long settled in Ayrshire. Ancester J OM Kennedy of Dunure obtained Cassillis and other lands in Ayrshire about 1350. John's descendant Sir James Kennedy married Mary, a daughter of King Robert III and their son Sir Gilbert Kermedy was created Lord Kennedy before 1458. Gilbert's grandson David, third Lord Kennedy, was created Earl of Cassillis before 1530. In 1831 the 12th Earl of Cassillis became the first Marquess of Ailsa, taking the title from the craig which was his property.. Archibald was educated at Eton College, Trinity College, Cambridge and Edinburgh universities. Served as major in the South African War (19001902) and was with the British Exp,editionary Forces from Dec., 1914 to May, 1919. Later became a member 8

Sir Adeyemo Alakija a year's dues because of his war service, stating that he left the U.S. in Nov., 1914 and joined the Ayrshire Yeomanry, Jan., 1915. He stated he "was passed as unfit for overseas service and at the end of 1916 was appointed an area gas officer. . . . I was attached to the 18th Division for a short time in France in 1918 on a tour of instruction. Until quite recently have been engaged in training in gas defensive measures and am now trying to get the bally stuff out of my system."

the Pacific Northwest division of the Union Pacific Railroad. His Portland bank was the largest in Oregon. Was an incorporator and promoter of the Northern Pacific Railway. Was raised in Farmington Lodge No.9, Ohio and became the first master of Multnomah Lodge No. 86 (Mo. register), now Oregon No.1. He helped organize the G.L. of Oregon and served as grand master 1854-55. In 1865 he was grand high priest of the Grand Chapter. Inspector general 33째 AASR

William D. B. Ainey (1864-1933) Chairman Public Service Commission of Pa. and Congressman. Member of 62nd and 63rd Congresses (1911-15). Chairman of Public Service Comm. of Pa. 1915. Delegate to Interparliamentary Conference, Geneva, 1912 and to the Hague in 1913. Delegate to Interparliamentary Union, Paris, 1927. Mason.

Milburn P. Akers Editor, political and editorial writer. b. May 4, 1900. Assistant to Secretary of Interior 1939-41. Executive secretary of Illinois Development Council 1937-39. Editor of Chicago Sun, 1941-42. Mason.


George E. Akerson (1889-1937) Secretary to President Hoover 192.931; Hoover's assistant when Secretary of Commerce 1925-28. Washington correspondent and asst. managing editor of MinneapoLis Tribune 1912-25. 32째 at Minneapolis Feb. 27, 1929. Received Shrine at Washington, D.C. Apr. 29, 1929 as courtesy to Zurah Temple in MiImeapolis.

James Ainslie Scottish clergyman, who in 1652 was the subject of an ecclesiastical investigation because he was a Mason and "possessed the Mason Word." On appeal to the Presbytery at Kelso, he was cleared "because in the purest tymes of this kirke, maisons haveing that word have been ministers."

Spencer B. Akin Maj or General U.S. Army. b. Feb. 13, 1889. B.S. Virginia Military Institute 1910. 2nd It. U.S. Army, 1910 advancing through grades to brigadier general in 1941 and maj or general in 1943. Chief signal officer on staff of General MacArthur and later chief signal officer, Department of Army. Cited by Poor Richard Club for his reorganization of Army's system of communication to needs of atomic warfare. Mason.

John C. Ainsworth (1870-1943) Financier. President of States Steamship Co.; president of Ainsworth National Bank, Portland, Oregon and its successor, the U.S. National Bank. Director of many corporations and the Federal Reserve Bank in Portland. 33째 John C. Ainsworth (1822-1893) Transportation pioneer of the Pacific Northwest. Went West with the 1850 gold rush and soon settled in Oregon where he pioneered in transportation. He was the guiding genius of river steamboat transportation and his Oregon- Steam Navigation Co. grew to

Sir Adeyemo Alakija (1884-1952) Nigeria spiritual and political leader. Headed the Executive Council of the Colony and Protectorate in Nigeria, also a spiritual leader among the natives and respected public figure. Member Star of Nigeria Chapter No. 9

Miguel Ricardo de Alava 255, R.A.M. 23 0 AASR. Appointed grand superintendent over Royal Arch in the district both English and Scottish constitutions as well as head of the District Grand Lodge. Died April 9, 1952. Miguel Ricardo de Alava (17711943) Spanish general and statesman. He participated in the Peninsular War under Wellington in 1811 and in 1815 was in the service- of Ferdinand VII. He was a liberal leader and president of the Cortes in 1822, in which year he aided in the deposition of Ferdinand. In 1814 he was imprisoned for being a Freemason. Upon Ferdinand's restoration by the French in 1823, Alava fled to England. He was later in the service of Maria Christina against Don Carlos. Named ambassador to London in 1834 and Paris in 1835, retiring to France after the La Granja insurrection. Leopold, Duke of Albany Youngest son of Queen Victoria was initiated in Apollo University Lodge No. 357, Oxford, England May 1, 1874 and in May, 1875 became a member of Lodge of Antiquity No.2. Served as master of Apollo Lodge, 1876. Juan Bautista Alberdi (1810-1884) Distinguished Argentine statesman, jurist and publisher. He was noted principally for his Bases, a treatise on American public right. Hostile to Rosas, he exiled himself to Uruguay where he studied law, later practicing in Chile. On the overthrow of Rosas by Urquiza q.v. he was successively named by the latter as minister to Paris, Madrid, Washington and London. Mason. Albert Victor Christian Edward (see Duke of Clarence) Carl Albert Congressman from Oklahoma, 80th Congress (1947-49) Lawyer. b. May. 10, 1908. Member of South McAlester Lodge No. 96, Mc-

Alester, Okla. (1946), 32 0 Indian Con.. sistory, AASR (SJ) and DeMolay Legion of Honor. Casimir August Albert Duke of S路axony-Teschen (1738-1822) Last governor of the Austrian Netherlands. Brother of King Karl Christian J 0seph. Initiated in Dresden, Germany, in lodge Zu. den drei Schwestern, 1764. Prince Albert Duke of York. b. December 14, 1895, in London. Provincial G.M. of Middlesex. Albert-Edward, Prince of Wales (1841-1910) (see Edward VII of England) Eldest son of Queen Victoria. Initiated in Stockholm in 1868 by King Charles XV and made past grand master in 1870. In 1875 he received the AASR degrees. In 1875 he succeeded the Marquis de Ripon as grand master of England, an office which he held until his death in 1910. Manuel Masimino Alberti (17631811) C'atholic priest and Argentine patriot. Although a Catholic priest he joined Freemasonry and was active in events that led to the "open forum" on May 24, 1810 and the revolution of that year. He was one of the "junta," or council, then formed to rule the country. Henri Christophe Albrecht (17631800) Gennan Masonic writer. Initiated 1785. In 1792 he published at Hamburg a work entitled Material en zu einer kritischen Geschichte der Freimaurerei (Collections towards a critical history of Freemasonry) . Ralph G. Albrecht Specialist in international law. Prosecuted Herman Goering and others before International Military Tribunal, 1945-46. b. Aug. 11, 1896 at Jersey City, N.J. Graduate of Univ. of Pennsylvania and Harvard. Admitted to bar in 1924. Associate counsel for American c1aimants against Germany in "Black Tom"


Miguel Aleman aJ.'ld "Kingsland" explosions, 1924-39. Commander, U.s. Navy, 1941-45. Naval observer with American Embassy London, England and with Pacific Fleet, Pearl Harbor and Australia. Assistant Director 0.8.8. (War Crimes) and assistant to attorney general, 1945. Raised in Dalhousie Lodge, Newtonville, Mass.. on Nov. 16, 1921. Horace M. Albright Conservationist. b. Jan. 6, 1890.. Director National Park Service 1917-18; asst. director and superintendent Yellowstone National Park 1919-29. In charge of Yosemite National Park, 1927-28. Director National Park Service Jan.. 12, 1929 to Aug. 10, 19'33. Advisor, director and official of many national conservation projects. Member of Livingston Lodge No. 32, Livingston, Montana, being raised in June, 1923. He was given his degrees in a period of five weeks while in charge of Yellowstone National Park so that he would be a member in time to entertain President Harding in Yellowstone on June 30 and July 1, 1923. James L. Alcorn Former Governor and Senator from Mississippi. Member Coahoma Lodge No. 104, Friar's Point, Miss. and Jackson Chapter No.6, Jackson, Miss. Did Alvin B. Alden (1818-1882) much for laying fO'Wldation of Freemasonry in Wisconsin. Grand master 1861-63; grand high priest 1863; grand commander 1866-68; sovereign grand inspector general, AASR. Chester H. Aldrich (1862-1924) Governor of Nebraska and jurist.. Admitted to Nebraska bar, 1891. Member Nebraska Senate, 1907. Governor of Nebraska 1911-13. Justice, Supreme Court of Nebraska 1919-25. Mason and Knight Templar..

KiIdroy P. Aldrich 1st Assistant Postmaster General, 1943-45. b. Feb. 16, 1877. With postal department from 1897 to 1945, serving in various ca-

pacities from postal clerk to assistant postmaster general.. Raised in Siloam Lodge No. 276, Oklahoma City, Okla. in 1913 and a life member. Member of Missouri Consistory No.1, St. Louis, Mo. (8J). Nelson W. Aldrich (1841-1915) U.S. Senator from Rhode Island from 1881 to 1911. b. Nov. 6, 1841 at Foster, R.I.; Graduate of Brown Univ. Member of R.I. House of Representatives from 1875-77, serving as speaker of same. Elected five times to U.S. Senate and declined nomination for reelection in 1910.. A member of What Cheer Lodge No.. 21, (past master) Providence and Providence Chapter No.1 as well as Cavalry Commandery No. 13 which he served as commander in 1871. In 1879 he was grand commander of the Grand Commandery of Massachusetts and Rhode Island.. d. Apr. 16, 1915. 1

Elizabeth Aldworth Said to be the only woman ever regularly initiated into Freemasonry. See "Elizabeth St.. Leger." ~. Frank Alee Former U.S. Senator from Delaware. Member Union Lodge No.7, Dover, Del.

Alexander I papers he worked his way through the law school of the National University and on graduation set up a thriving law business principally with labor unions and individual workers. His public life began as magistrate of the Veracruz Supreme Court. Was elected to the Senate and in 1936 was appointe'd Governor of Veracruz, serving until 1940. He resigned as governor to manage the ele'ction of his friend, General Avila Camacho, who, when he won, appointed Aleman as Minister of Interior. At 37, he was the youngest cabinet member and Camacho's principal trouble shooter between the federal government and the 28 states. In this capacity he won international recognition for tracking down some 2,000 Gennan and Japanese nationals in deference to the U.S. He was nominated as president by the head of the Latin-American Federation of Labor and his campaign manager was the editor of the labor newspaper, El Popular. Industrialists backed him because he understood the technical necessities of Mexican industry. Scholars and professional men cheered him for his ability and brains. The old revolutionary generals liked his background and political philosophy, and the masses voted for him because he had given them more in the way of social reform than anyone within their memory. He was particularly interested in public education and transportation. Alexander I (1777-1825) Czar of Russia from 1801-1825. b. Dec. 23, 1777 and succeeded Paul I q.v. on the throne in 1801. While he prohibited all secret societies in 1801, in 1808 he rescinded this prohibition. It is said that he was convinced by Johann Boeber q:v., later grand master of Russia, of the henefits of Masonry and he not only lifted the ban, but became a member himself. Some sources claim he was initiated in

Canongate Kilwinning Lodge of Ed.. inburgh, Scotland and in 1814 acted as master at the conferring of the degrees in a military lodge in Paris on William III, Emperor of Germany. He was, for certain, a member of the Polish Grand Orient. In November, 1815 the Polish Masons gave a banquet in his honor after which he left gener.. ous gifts for the Grand Orient. He has been accused of using Freemasonry for political purposes. d. Dec. 1, 1825 under mysterious circumstances. In 1822 he became suspicious of the po~ Utical dangers inherent in some of the Russian lodges, and on the advice of Grand Master. Kushelev of the Grand Lodge "Astra," banned Freemasonry on August 1, 1822. This date marks the destruction of Russian Freema~ sonry, for his successor, Nicholas I, confirmed the edict on Ap,ril 21, 1826. Alexander m (1241-1286) King路 of Scotland from 1349. Legend states he favored Freemasons and that Kilw winning Abbey was built under his guidance. Married Margaret, daughter of Henry III, in 1951. Defeated Nor.. wegian invasion in 1263. United Hebrides and Isle of Man to the kingdom.

Prince Alexander of Wurtemberg Ben Alexander (1894-1944) President of Masonite Corp. Started as a laborer in the wood pulp industry in 1919 and by 1926 was president of the Masonite Corp. Director or officer of many corporations. Mason. George F. Alexander (1882-?) Jurist. U.S. Marshal of Oregon 1917-21. Judge, 1st Division of Alaska since 1933. b.. Apr. 20, 1882. Mason. 32°, Shriner, president of Juneau Shrine Club 1934-39. Deceased. Grover C. Alexander (1887-1950) Early member of Baseball Hall of Fame (1938). A great National L,eague pitcher for two decades with the Phillies, Cubs and Cardinals starting in 1911. In 1926 he won the world championship for the Cardinals by striking out Lazzeri with bases full in final crisis at Yankee Stadium. He was raised in St. Paul Lodge No. 82, St. Paul, Nebraska on Feb. 8, 1923 expelled for un-Masonic conduct March 20, 1930. Sir Harold R. L. G. Alexander 1st Viscount of Tunis. b. 1891. Served in France, 1914-18 and northwest frontier of India in 1935. Was commander of the 1st Division from 1938-40 and was in charge of the evacuation of the British army from Dunkirk. Assigned to the Burma front in March, 1942, he became commander-in-chief of the Middle East· in August. As deputy allied commander-in-chief in North Mrica (1943), Alexander, with General Montgomery, who mapped the successful British campaign in Egypt. He commanded Sicilian (July 1943) and Italian (Sept. 1943) invasions.. He was made field marshal in November, 1944 and was allied commander-in-chief of Italy in 1944-45. Since 1946 he has been Governor-General of Canada.. Alexander is a member of Athlumney Lodge No. 3245 of London, serving as its master- in 193839.. He is a past grand steward and


past grand warden of the G.L. of England and a member of the house committee of the Royal Masonic Institution for Girls. He is active in Royal Arch Masonry. Born in New Zealand, he was a well known athlete and Olympic games record holder in his youth.

Hubbard F. Alexander Steamship executive. b. Aug. 14, 1879. Began as wharf agent in Tacoma, Wash. 1894. Later president of the following: Commercial Dock Co. 1901-27; Alaska Pacific S.S. Co. 1907-08; Alaska Coast Co. 1908-11; Pacific Alaska Navigation Co. 1908-26; Pacific Steamship Co. (Admiral Line), 1916-30. Mason, 32°. James P. Alexander Judge. (18831948) Chief Justice Supreme Court of Texas (1941-48). Texas lawyer since admittance to bar in 1908. District judge, 19th district of Texas 1920-24; associate justice Court of Civil Appeals, Waco, 1931 to 1940; Mason and Shriner. John L. Alexander (1878-1932) Executive Director of American Youth Foundation 1924-32. Served in executive or secretarial capacity for many religious and youth movements including Boy Scouts, Y.M.C.A.. Mason. L'ord .Alexander Scottish records show him to be one of the earliest of the speculatives (July 3, 1634) Lodge of Edinburgh. He was Right Honorable Master of the Work to His Majesty. Nathaniel Alexander (1756-1808) Governor of North Carolina, 1805-07. Surgeon in the Revolutionary War. Served as an officer of the G.L. of North Carolina in 1802, '03, '06, '07 and was senior grand deacon at his death in 1808. Prince Alexander of Orange (Netherlands) Grand Master 1832-84. Prince Alexander of Wurtemberg Initiated in 1808 in the Phoenix Lodge

Robert Alexander in Paris. Was uncle of Emperor Alex-

ander of Russia. Robert Alexander (1863-1941) Major General u.s. Anny. Advanced in rank from a private in 1886 through grades to Brig. General N.A., 1918 and Maj. General 1918-19 (temp.); Brig. General 1921 and retired as Maj. General 192.7.. Served in Indian campaign of 1890-91, Philippines, Cuba and Mexico as well as WWl. Mason..

Algert D. Alexis Rear Admiral U.S. Navy. b. June 25,1897. Appointed lieutenant (jg) in 1921 and advanced through grades to rear admiral in 1950.. His speciality in the service was naval construction and he commanded many naval installations both at home and abroad, including staff commander of the service force for the invasion of Japan. He retired in 1954 and is now a consulting civil engineer. Raised in Peter Williamson Lodge No. 323, Scranton, .Pa. in 1920. Royal Arch membership in Norfolk, Va. Past president of Charleston, s.c. chapter of the National Sojourners. Bernard Soto Alfaro Former president of Costa Rica. He developed a national spirit in the country and is one of the most eminent men produced by the Republic. He entered the lodge Esperanza when a young man and was made "Protector of the Order" in the Supreme Council, AASR.. Colon Eloy Alfaro Ambassador from Ecuador. b. Jan. 1, 1891, son of Eloy Alfaro, Ecuadorian patriot and president. Educated in Ecuador, u.s. Military Academy, German Cavalry School, and George Washington University. Served as consul general to Canal Zone, Panama, Mexico, Nicaragua, Guatamala, E1 Salvador, Honduras,Costa Rica, Colombia, Dominican Republic and United States. Was ambassador to u.s. 1936-44. He has also served his country on many spe-

cia! diplomatic missions. Has been a member of the Board of Governors of the Pan American Union at Washington, D.C., since 1947. Mason and 33掳 AASR. Shriner. Member of Canal Zone Consistory as are his three sons, Eloy, Jaime and Olmedo..

Eloy Alfaro (1842-1912) Ecuadorian liberator and president. b. June 25, 1842 in Montecristi. He led an uprising against President Cordero (1893-95) and declared himself anticlerical dictator and president of Ecuador from 1897-1901 and 1907-11. He led the revolt of 1906 that deposed President Lisardo Garcia and became constitutional president in 1907. As president he reduced the power of the Roman Catholic church.路路 More laws for the bettennent of public schools and social reforms for the people were enacted during his presidency than there had been in the 120 years since the Republic was established. Most of his life was spent in exile. As a disciple of Bolivar he advocated PanAmericanism and convened the second Pan American Congress in Mexico City in 1896. Alfaro was responsible for the introduction of the "Panarna hat" to the world. While in exile in Panama, he imported the Ecuadormade toquilla hats which he sold in great numbers to travelers passing through the Isthmus. Having been purchased in Panama, the hats were presumed to be products of the country and thus became known as "Panamas." Alfaro attempted to aid Cuba in securing its independence from Spain and in 1895 sent an impassioned letter to Queen Marie Cristina of Spain, pleading for Cuban independence. He resigned as president Aug. 12, 1911 hoping to prevent a revolt and continue the liberal regime. When a new revolt broke out, he returned from his exile in Panama hoping to effect a conciliation b,etween the factions. He was seized in Guayaquil and sent over the railway which he had built


Ethan Allen to Quito where he was thrown into jail and a few hours later (Jan. 28, 1912) was murdered. Affectionately called "Citizen of the Americas," he has been honored with monuments and statues in Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico and the United States. Busts of Alfaro in the u.s. are found in St. Augustine, Florida; Lincoln, Nebraska; House of the Temple, Washington, D.C.; Washington National Memorial at Alexandria, and Gainesville, Florida. Even Spain named a street in his ancestral town of Cervera del Rio Alhambra for him. Bruce R. Alger Congressman, 84th Congress from 5th Texas district. b. June 12, 1918. Owner of Alger Development Co., B,ruce Alger Realtor, Modernair Construction Co., all of Dallas. 32掳 AASR and Shriner. Russell A. Alger (1836-1907) Major General in Civil War, working his way from the ranks. Served as governor of Michigan from 1885-87 and was Secretary of War under McKinley from 1897-99, resigning at McKinley's request because of criticism directed against the War Department for inefficiency. Member of Corinthian Lodge No. 241 of Detroit, being raised Dec. 9, 1895. Francois D' Alincourt French gentleman, who, in the year 1776 was sent with Don Oyres de Ornellas Pracao, q.v. a Portuguese nobleman, to prison, by the governor of the island of Madeira, for boeing Freemasons.

Revolution (1833-42) in ten volumes and a nine volume continuation in 1852-59. John S. Allard Brigadier General and corporation executive. b. Jan. 16, 1897. Served overseas with Air Foree, 1942-45, and promoted from colonel to -brigadier general in 1944. President of Curtis-Wright Export Corp. since 1929; vice pres. of Curtis-Wright Corp. since 1929 and director of Wright Aeronautical Corp., Curtis-Wright Airplane Co., and Curtis-Wright Airports Co. Mason. Herbert J. Allemang Vice presi.. dent of Philco Corp. since 1951. b. May 3, 1902. Raised in South Bend Lodge No. 294, South Bend, Ind. in 1923. Member of AASR (NJ) in South Bend and Medinah Shrine Temple. Alfred G. Allen (1867-1932) Congressman from Ohio to 62nd, 63rd, and 64th Congresses (1911-17). Lawyer. Mason. Charles H. Allen (1848-34) First governor of Puerto Rico. b. April 15, 1848 at Lowell, Mass. He was a member of路 the Massachusetts house of representatives in 1881 and '82 and in the state senate in 1883.. He was a member of the 49th and 50th Congresses (1885--89), and assistant secretary of the Navy from 1898-1900. After the United States freed the island of Puerto Rico from a 400-year despotic rule of Spain he became its fust governor (1900-02). He was a member of William North Lodge of Lowell, Mass. Ethan Allen (1738-1789) Major General in Revolution. Gained fame as a colonel commanding the "Green Mountain Boys," who with Benedict Arnold, q.v., seized Fort Ticonderoga on May 10, 1775. He was captured at Montreal and held prisoner from 177578, exchanged and returned to Vermont. Although he has been described as one "who seems to have been .a

Ethan N. Allen Master Mason" it is thought that he only received one degree at Windsor, Vt. on July 7, 1777. His brother Ira, q.v., was a member of Vermont Lodge No.1.

Ethan N. Allen Baseball coach. b. Jan. 1, 1904. An outfielder with various National League teams 1926-36 and with Browns of American League since 1938; motion picture director of National League public relations dept. 1938-42; head coach at Yale in 1946. Has done sports announcing and written several books on baseball. Member of Yeatman Lodge No. 162, Cincinnati, Ohio, 32째 Ohio Consistory at Cincinnati and Shriner. Ezra G. Allen (1885-1952) Rear Admiral U.S. Navy. b. March 11, 1885 at Scranton, Pa. Graduated u.S. Naval Academy, 1907. Ensign. U.S. Navy in 1907, advancing to rear admiraL Mason.. d. January, 19'52,. Frank G. Allen Former governor of Massachusetts. b. Lynn, Mass. Oct. 6, 1874. Was raised in Orient Lodge, Norwood, Mass. June 23, 1920, receiving 33째 in Northern Jurisdiction, Sept. 16, 1930.

George W. Allen (?-1928) Chief Justice Supreme Court of Colorado, 1926-28. Member Pennsylvania House of Representatives 1874-76 moving to Colorado in 1880. Judge district court, Denver 1888-1910. Republican nominee for governor 1896 and defeated for U.S. Senator 1896. Justice of Supreme Court 1916-26. Died Jan. 29, 1928. Mason, 32 0 AASR and Shriner.. Henry J. Allen (1868-1950) U.S. Senator and former governor of Kansas. b. Sept. 11, 1868 in Warren Co., Pa. Began as editor of Manhattan Nationalist in 1894 and later owned and operated several daily newspapers in Kansas; chairman of board of Wichita Daily Beacon Publishing Co. Governor of Kansas from 1919-23 and appointed u.s. Senator to suc-

ceed Vice-president Curtis in 1929. Assistant to Charles G. Dawes, pres. of Reconstruction Finance Corp. in 1932. Editor of the TOfpeka Journal from 1935 until death. Director of publicity for the Hoover-Curtis campaign in 1928 and as president of the Great Lakes-St.. Lawrence Tidewater Assn., helped prepare treaty between u.s. and Canada on that project. Active abroad in WWl in Red Cross work. Mason. d. Jan. 17, 1950. Hervey Allen Author, who although not a Freemason, is one of the few writers of historical novels to give credit for the part Freemasonry played in our Revolutionary period. Among his writings are An,thony Adverse, 1933; The Forest and the F'ort, 1943; and Bedford Village, 19'44. b. Dec. 8, 1889. Mr. Allen wrote on May 23, 1944 as follows: "Several members of the fraternity have written in asking if I hold membership. I do not and never have. My father and grandfather and a great many other relatives have been Masons for many generations back, but for various reasons I have never joined. My interest in the theme of Masonry in American life is purely historical, and I think that my not being a member is at this time perhaps a help in my stressing the theme, as I can do so without any suspicion of being a special pleader from the inside. There is no doubt that for some reason or other American historians have overlooked one of the prime and deep-running influences in American life.. As you know, there are many reasons for that." Hubert A. Allen (1872-1942) Brigadier General U.S. Army. Actively identified with Iowa national guard for 25 years. Served as captain in Spanish-American war and appointed brigadier general in 1917. Mason. Ira Allen (1751-1814) Brother of Ethan Allen q.v. and politically ac-


William Allen shire, 1934-43. Educated at Dartmouth and Harvard, he was admitted to N.H. bar in 1897, serving as probate judge from 1899 to 1906. He was associate justice of Superior Court of N.H. 1917-24 and 1924-34 before becoming chief justice. Mason.

tive in the Revolutionary period. b. Cornwall, Conn., he with two other fellow members of Vermont Lodge No.1 (now 18), led the fight for state~ hood of Vermont. The others were Thomas Chittenden q.v. and Dr.. Jonas Fay q.v. Between 1780 and 1791 he was in negotiation with the British which was thought to force Congress to recognize Vermont's claims-which they did on March 4, 1791. He assisted in the founding of the Univ. of Vermont in 1789. He was initiated in Vermont Lodge No.1 of Charleston, N.H. in 1782.

John M. Allen Major in TexasMexican War. He came to Texas attracted 路by the rumors of impending conflict between Americans and Mexicans. As commander of the armed ship Terrible, he had been ordered to New Orleans for the purpose of recruiting soldiers for the impending conflict. While in New Orleans he received a charter from the grand secretary of the G.L. of Louisiana for Holland Lodge No.. 36 to be delivered to Anson Jones q.v. General Sam Houston q.'D. sent an orderly to Allen advising him of the impending clash and urging speed to the reinforcements he had. Allen joined Houston's forces, carrying with him the charter and other communicatio~ from the G.L. of路 Louisiana. He met Anson Jones (to be first Grand Master of Texas) on the prairie between C'roce's and San Jacinto, while Houston's army was on the march just before the battle of San J acinto.Jones placed it in his saddlebags and carried it through the battle of San Jacinto.

Ivan E. Allen Business executive who gave Fort Mountain to state of Georgia; it is now one of the state parks. b. Mar. 1, 1877 at Dalton, Ga. Chairman of Ivan Allen-Marshall Co.; Ivan Allen Bldg., Atlanta Blank Book Mfg. Co., and has served on many state political and civic boards including term as state senator 1919-21. A Knight Templar and Shriner. James M. Allen General in the Civil War. A Mason.

J. Edward Allen Educator and writer. Instructor in public school system of Warrenton, N.C. since 1907 and served as superintendent of public instruction for Warren Co. since 1919. Member board of trustees Wake Forest C'ollege since 1922; board of trustees, state school for blind and deaf; on board of Oxford Orphanage. Grand Master G.L. of North Carolina 1939-40. Also headed state York Rite bodies and Shrine. Writer of many Masonic books and articles including revision of Goulds History of Freemasonry published by Scribners in 1936. b. March 21, 1887 at Warrenton, N.C.

Lee E. Allen Congressman from 16th district of Illinois. to 73rd to 80th Congresses inclusive (1933-49). b. Oct. 5, 1898 at Elizabeth, Ill. Taught school, served as circuit court clerk and has practiced law since 1930. Mason. Oscar K. Allen Former governor of Louisiana. Member of Eastern Star Lodge No. 151, Winnfield, La.

John Allen 3rd Viscount Grand Master, G.L. of Ireland, 1744.

Peter B. Allen General U.S. Army. First master of Terre Haute Lodge No. 19, Terre Haute, Indiana.

JohnE. Allen (1873-1945) Chief Justice, Supreme Court of New Hamp-

William Allen Purchased the ground for the State House (Inde-


pendence Hall) at Philadelphia in 1729 and gave a grand banquet in 1736 at the inauguration of the building. It was here that the Declaration of Independence was signed. Roger Allin Former governor of North Dakota. Member of Golden Valley Lodge No.6, P'ark River, N.D. James B. Allison Major General, U.S. Army. b. Sept. 15, 1873 at York, S. Car. Appointed 2nd lieutenant in 1898 advancing through grades to major general in 1935 when he became chief signal officer. Retired in 1937. Served in Mexican War and WW1. Mason. William B. Allison (1829-1908) U.S. Senator from Iowa 1873-1909. b. March 2, 1829 at Perry, O. Admitted to bar in 1850, he practiced in Ohio until 1858 when he moved to Dubuque, Iowa. Raised troops for Civil War and was u.s. Representative in Congress from 1863-71. In 1888 and 1896 he was a candidate for Republican presidential nomination. A charter member of Mosaic Lodge No. 125of Dubuque, Iowa, he was honorary senior grand warden of the Grand Lodge of Iowa in 1889.

James V. Allred Govern.or of Texas 1935-39. b. Mar. 29, 1899 at Bowie, Texas. Admitted to Texas bar in 19'24. Served as district attorney 1923-25 and attorney general of Texas 193135. U.S. District Judge, southern district of Texas 1939~42. Practicing attorney since 1942. Raised in Bowie Lodge No. 578 July 6, 1H20. Received Scottish Rite degrees in 19-26. K.C.C.H.

ate 1892-96 and speaker of house of representatives 1911. Judge of 11th circuit 1898-1906. Mason.


James L. Ahnond, Jr. Congressman and attorney-general of Virginia. b. June 15, 1898 at Charlottesville, Va. Served as prosecuting attorney and judge at Roanoke and in the 79th and 80th Congresses from Virginia. Has been attorney-general of Virginia since 1948. Past potentate of Shrine.

Alfred S. AIschuler (1876-1940) Architect. b. Chicago, Nov. 2, 1876. Graduate of Armour Institute of Technology and studied at Art Institute of Chicago. Designed the following Chi.. cago buildings: London Guarantee and Accident, Westminster, Cunard, John R. Thompson, John Sexton, Utilities, Lake Michigan, Mercantile Exchange, Adams Franklin and Garment Center buildings; plans of E. J. Brach & Son, Chicago Mail Order, Sinai Temple and Isaiah Temple. Ma.. son. Richard Alsop (1761-1815) American author and poet. b. Middletown, Conn. Was one of the Hartford wits, collaborating in the writing of The Echo, a verse satire which appeared in the American Mercury and· published in book £onn in 1807. Among other works is A Poem, Sacred to the Memory of George Washington (1800). A member of St. John's Lodge No.2, Middletown, Conn. There was a Richard Alsop who became a member of Hiram Lodge No.1 at New Haven, Conn. in 1752 and may have been his father. Wilbur M. Alter Chief justice, Supreme Court o£Colorado since 1955. b. Dec. 17, 1879 at Allegheny, Pa. Admitted to Colorado bar in 1906. Judge of Supreme Court of Colorado from 1928-33; 1944-46; 1946 to present. Past state commander of American Legion. Served in WWl as an enlisted man. Raised in Victor Lodge No. 99, Victor,

Avery Allyn Anti-Masonic writer. Once a member of lodge, chapter and commandery in Connecticut. Edward B. Almon (1860-1933) Congressman from Alabama to 64th to 72nd Congresses (1915-33). b. April 18, 1860 at Moulton, Ala. Admitted . to bar 1883. Member Alabama state sen-


James E. Ament

Colo. in 1909. Demitted from chapter and commandery at Cripple Creek and shrine in Denver. Paul




American opera tenor. b. 1889 at Reading, Pa., made his debut with Metropolitan Opera Co., N.Y. in 1913.

Member of St. John's Lodge No. 435, Reading, Pa. 32° AASR (SJ) at Reading, Pa. and member of Rajah Shrine Temple, Reading. d. Feb. 6,1954 and service was conducted by Grand Lodge of New York at Rutgers Presbyterian Church on Feb. 8. Francisco E. Alvarado Former secretary of state of Costa Rica. He also served as president of the chamber of representatives and administratorgeneral of railways. A member of Caridad Lodge No. 26. Francisco P. Alvarado Costa Rican banker. He was one of the founders of the Scottish Rite of Central America. A banker and teacher, he was benefactor of San Juan de Dios Hospital. A member of Caridad No. 26.

Carlos Maria' de Alvear (1789-1853) Argentine patriot, general and coworker with San Martin, q:v. He took a prominent part in the liberation wars of Argentine both politically and militarily. In 1814 he was the victorious besieger of Montevideo, Uruguay, and a year later was named "supreme administrator." In 1839 he was appointed minister to the United States, where he died. He was a founder of the Lautaro Lodge in 1812 together with San Martin, liberator of the country.

Richard H. Amberg Publisher of St. Louis Globe-Democrat from Sept., 1955. b. June 5, 1912 in New York City. Graduated from Harvard in 1933. Editor and publisher of newspapers in Oil City and Knox, Pa. from 1937-41 and also Sportsman's Hunting & Fishing Digest same years. He was director of publicity for the American Transit Assn. from 1945-47 and general manager of N ewsday in 1947-49. In 1949-50 he was administrative assistant on the New' York Herald Tribune- and general manager and director of The Post Standard, Syracuse, N.Y. from 1950-52. Raised in Oil City Lodge No. 710, Oil City, Pa. in 1938. Member of Oil City Chapter No. 236, R.A.M. and Talbot Commandery No. 43, K.T. both of Oil City. 32° AASR, Valley of St. Louis (8J). Member of St. Leo Conclave No. 71, Red Cross of Constantine, Syracuse, N.Y. and Moolah Shrine Temple, St. Louis, Mo. John Frederick Amelung Early American glass manufacturer. In March, 1789 he visited George Washington at Mt. Vernon and presented him with two engraved gobets with Washington's coat of arms. A zealous Mason, he established a lodge in Frederick Co., Maryland sometime between 1790 and 179H.

James E. Ament (?-1936) College president and educator. b. Woodburn, Ill. Graduated from illinois Normal, Transylvania Univ. and a Ph.D. from Oskaloosa College. Served as president of state teachers colleges in Oklahoma, Missouri, Indiana and Pennsylvania. Inspected educational facilities in England, Scotland, France, Germany and Switzerland. Ament became president of the ultra National Park Seminary for Women at Washington, D.C. in 1916 and was president and owner until his death in 1936. He was a 32° AASR (SJ).

Claude B. Alverson (1878-1922) Judge, Supreme Court of New York, 1921-22. Knight Templar, 32° AASR and Shriner. COWlt Goblet d' Alviella (1846-1925) Belgian writer on religious history, and politician. Also known as Cornte Eugene.· Was grand commander of the Supreme Council 33° of Belgiwn.


Leopold S. Amery Leopold S. Amery (1873-1955) English publicist, statesman and mountaineer. b. Nov. 22, 1873 in India. Friend of Winston Churchill q.v. at school days in Harrow and later when he was correspondent of the Times in the South African War when Churchill was correspondent of Daily Telegrap'h. He served with the army in Flanders and Near East (1914-16). He became first lord of admiralty in 1922, serving until 1924 when he became secretary of state for colonies 1924-29 and secretary for dominion affairs from 1925-29. In 1945-49 he was secretary for India and Burma. Endowed with a strong physique, he was an avid mountaineer and three peaks have been named for him-one in South Africa Drakenberg, one in the Canadian Rockies and the third on Kerguelen Island on the edge of the Antarctic. Member of Canada Lodge No. 3527, London and 10th master of that lodge in 19:20.

Arthur Oliver Villiers, Lord Ampt路 hill (1869-1935) English nobleman of the Russell family, holding the earldom of B'edford (from 1550), dukedom of Bedford (from 1694) and barony of Ampthill (from 1881). ,b. Feb. 19, 1869 at Rome, Italy where his father was British ambassador. Linguist and rowing man, he saw service in WW1, being twice mentioned in dispatches and attaining the rank of brevet coloneL He served as private secretary to Joseph Chamberlain (1895-99) and was governor of Madras from 18909 to 1906. In 1904 he was appointed acting Viceroy of India. Ampthill was appointed by King Edward VII (then grand master) as provincial grand master for Bedfordshire on Nov. 17, 1891, and later served 27 years as pro grand master (1908-35) under H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught. He was one of the founders of the National Party in 1918. Roald Amundsen (1872-19'28) Discoverer of South Pole. A. Norwegian polar explorer. b. Borge, Norway. He discovered the South Pole in Decem.. ber, 1911. In 1903-06 he navigated the northwest passage and fixed the position of the North magnetic pole, and in 1926 he flew across the North pole with Lincoln Ellsworth. He disappeared in June, 1928 on flight to rescue Nobile who was lost returning from North Pole. Said by several sources to bea Freemason but no lodge ever specified.

Ezra Ames (1768-1836) Portrait painter. b. Framingham, Mass. May 5, 1768. Painted portraits of Washington, Alexander Hamilton, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Martin Van Buren, George Clinton, DeWitt Clinton. Served as grand high priest of the G.C. of New York for 24 years, and was general grand scribe of the General Grand Chapter for ten years (1806-16). From 1816-20 he served as grand captain general of the Grand Encampment, Knights Templar. Died Feb. 23, 1836.

Charles'L. Anceney (1863-1) Pioneer cattle rancher of the West. b. April 17, 1863 at Denver, Colo., he was in charge of a cattle outfit at the age of 14. Anceney was with the first herd of cattle going into lower Yel10wstone ranges路 in 1879 and was on the first drive to 'Bismarck, N. Dak. in 1881. At one time he swam the Missouri river and loaded a shipment of cattle to Buffalo, N.Y. Fought with Sioux, Blackfeet and Cheyenne In-

Oliver Ames Former governor of Massachusetts. Although his membership is not known, he was made an honorary member of Columbian Lodge of Boston; was present at a meeting of Washington Lodge in Roxbury March 15, 1866; delivered a Masonic oration before Meridian Lodge, Natick, Mass., June, 1888. Louis Amiable (1837-1897) Masonic historian.



James Anderson

dians. Was an associate of Child & Anceney (Harry W. Child), 1910 in the Flying D. Cattle Ranges, covering 500,000 acres and furnishing support to 15,000 to 25,000 head of cattle. President of Gallatin Gateway State Bank, promoted Camp Creek Branch of Northern Pacific Railway which terminated at townsite of Anceney, Mont. Mason. Deceased. William, Earl of Ancrum Fortieth Grand Master of Scotland, 1794-95 and later the 6th Marquis of Lothian. Wilhelm A. Anderson Brigadier General U.S. Army. b. July 22,1894 at Hana-Maui, T.R. Served as 1st lieutenant in WWl. Called to active service in 1940 and made brigadier general (temp.) in 1942. Mason and National Sojourner.

of the 37th Illinois Volunteers until after the Missouri Campaign in 1862 and was colonel with the 12th Indian Volunteer Cavalry until close of war. Mason.

George T. Anderson General in Confederate army. Said to have been a Freemason. George W. Anderson (1861-1938) Judge. b. Sept. 1, 1861 at Acworth, N.H. Attended Boston Law School and Boston University, opening practice in 1890. U.S. District Attorney of Mass. 1914-17; member interstate conunerce commission 1917-18; became judgeD.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, .Boston, 1918.. Retired. Trustee World Peace Foundation and Cushing Academy. Mason. Died Feb. 14, 1938. Heartley W. "Hunk" Anderson Notre Dame football coach. Member of Calumet Lodge No. 271, Calwnet, Michigan. J"ack Z. Anderson Congressman to 76th to 80th Congresses from California (1939-49). b. March 22, 1904. An orchardist at San Juan Bautista, Calif. since 1923. Raised in Texas Lodge No. 46, San Juan Bautista, Calif. on Dec. 20, 1946. James Anderson (1680?-1739) Compiler of the famous Anderson's Constitutions of 1723 and 1738 which are recognized as being the first printed volumes dealing officially with Freemasonry. The records of the United Grand Lodge of England show that Bro. James Anderson was ordered to "digest the old Gothic Constitution in a new and better method," on Sept. 29, 1721. Only three months later Dr. Anderson presented his finished production to the grand lodge (Dec. 27, 1721), which has come down to us as the basis for all Freemasonry. The historical part, however, which traces the history from the Garden of Eden to 1921, is quite fanciful, unreliable and pretentious. No one today would

Clinton P. Anderson U.S. Secretary of Agriculture and senator. b. Oct. 23, 18B5 at Centerville, S. Dak. Was state treasurer of New Mexico 1933-34; member of 77th to 79th Congresses from New Mexico (1941-47); secretary of agriculture in Truman's cabinet (1945-48) and elected u.s. Senator from N. Mexico in Nov., 1948. Was raised in Albuquerque Lodge No. 60 in 1917. Member of Rio Grande Chapter No.4, R.A.M. and Pilgrim Commandery No.3, K.T. 32 0 AASR in Orient of New Mexico; KCCH in 1937 and 33 0 in 1945. He is past potentate .of Ballut Abyad Shrine Temple (1937), member of Tall Cedars of Lebanon, Santa Fe Conclave No. 55, Red Cross of Constantine, National Sojourners and R.oyal Order of J esters.

Edward Anderson (1833-1916) Clergyman and Civil War soldier. b. Nov.

19, 1833. Studied theology and was ordained. pastor in the Congregationa! ministry in 1858. Served pastorates in Michigan, Ill., Ohio, and Conn. In the Civil War he served with John Brown in Kansas; was chaplain


Jesse T. Anderson

quote that part as an authority. It was not until the following March (1722) that a committee was appointed to examine the character of the revision, and it was not until 1723 that the volume came from th.e printer. The first edition was followed by a second in 1738, the latter being more valuable because it contains some history about the grand lodge covering the period 1717-1738. James Anderson, M.A., D.D., was born about 1780 at Aberdeen, Scotland, and was educated at Marischal College where he received his M.A. degree and it is thought he earned his D.D. degree about 1731 from the same college. There· are no records of his life from the time of his receiving his college training until after his arrival in London. It is recorded in state records that he and his church (Scotch Presbyterian) purchased a lease of the French Protestant Chapel in Swallow St., Piccadilly on Feb. 15, 1709-10 from Rev. Jean Desaguliers, minister of the church and father of Dr. J. T. Desaguliers q.v. Anderson came from a Masonic family; his father serving as secretary of the well known Scottish Lodge Aberdeen and as master in 1688-89. It is highly possible that the son may have entered Freemasonry during the period the father served as master. Little can be learned of his Masonic connections previous to 1721. He was not at the revival of Freemasonry in 1717, but he assumed the station of grand warden of the g~and lodge, January 17, 1723, and was master of Lodge No. 17 in 1723 (Masonic students have not been able to identify this lodge.) He was, however, sho'W'll as a member of Lodge of the Horn in 1723, and later of other lodges meeting in London. In addition t.o the Constitutions, he was the author of some non-Masonic books including Royal Gene:alogies, or the Genealogical Tables of Emp,erors, Kings and Princes) from Adam to·


These' Times (1732) and Unity. in Trinity (1733). He attended grand lodge fifteen times between 1723 and 1728, acting as grand warden on four occasions. His death was May 28, 1739, shortly after he had issued the second edition of the Cons·titutions. He was buried in B·unhill Fields with Masonic services, and accounted for the earliest known account of a Masonic fu· neral which appeared in the London Daily P'ost of June 2, 1739: "Last night (June 1) was interr'd the corpse of Dr. Anderson, a Dissenting Teach.. er, in a very remarkable deep Grave. His pall was supported by five Dissenting Teachers, and the Rev. Dr. Desaguliers; it was followed by a dozen of Freemasons who encircled the Grave; and after Dr. Earle had harangued on the Uncertainty of Life &c, without one word of the Deceased, the Brethren, in the most solomn dismal Posture, lifted up their Hands, sigh'd, and struck their aprons three times in Honour to the Deceased." Jesse T. Anderson State superintendent of education of South Carolina since 1946. b. Oct. 26, 1892 at Timmonsville, S.C. Member board of trustees of Univ. of South Carolina, The Citadel, Winthrop College and state school for the blind. Past master and member of all York Rite bodies serving as deputy grand commander in 1951. Joseph I. Anderson (1757-1837) Senator from Tennessee from 179·51815 and first comptroller of U.S. Treasury, 1815..36. b. White Marsh, Pa. and served through Revolutionary War as captain and brevet major. He was a member of Military Lodge No. 19 of Pennsylvania. When serving as regimental paymaster of the 1st New Jersey he was a member of Lodge No. 36 in the New Jersey Brigade. After the war he became 1st senior warden of Princeton Lodge No. 38 (Tenn.).

Rudolph M. Anderson Richard C. Anderson (1750-1826) Officer of the American Revolution. He was first master of Lexington Lodge No. 25 (now 1 of Kentucky) and was presumed to have been a member of Fredericksburg No.4 of Va., as he was very close to General Washington. b. Jan. 12, 1750 in Hanover Co., 'Va. As a captain in the 5th Virginia Continentals, he led the advance of the Americans at the battle of Trenton in 1776, crossing the Delaware in the first boat; was. wounded in this action; promoted to major of the 6th Virginia in 1778 and transferred to the 1st Virginia in Sept., 1778. Fought in battles of Brandywine and Germantown and was again wounded at Savannah May 12, 1779 and taken prisoner at Charleston in May, 1780. A daring leader he was at the death-bed of Count Pulaski q.v. and the dying Pole gave him his sword as a memento. After the war he removed to the wilderness of Kentucky near Louisville, and led the life of a pioneer and Indian fighter until advancing civilization pushed the frontier farther west. He obtained the charter for the Louisville lodge from the Grand Lodge of Virginia. d. Oct. 16, 1826.

Robert B. Anderson Secretary of the Navy in Eisenhower cabinet (appointed in 1953) and deputy secretary of defense (which he resigned in 19-55). b. June 4, 1910 at B,urleson, Texas, he received his law degree from University of Texas in 1932. While still in law school he ran for the state legislature and won. He served as assistant attorney-general of Texas in 1933 and taught law at Texas University. Anderson has served as general manager of the Waggoner estate-and largest cattle ranch in Texas-since 1941. He has probably been director and president of more large corporations than anyone man in Texas. He is a member of Vernon Lodge No. 655 of Vernon, Texas and while Secretary of the Navy returned from Washington to be installed as master on Oct. 17, 1953. In D'ecember, 1953 he was appointed grand senior steward of the G.L. of Texas and addressed the G.L. at the 1954 communication. He is a member of the Chapter, Council and Commandery at Vernon, the AASR (SJ) and .Maskat Shrine Temple. Robert ~ H. Anderson B,rigadier General in Confederate Army. Served as commander of Palestine Commandery, K.T. No.7 at Savannah, Georgia in 1886-87. Rudolph M. Anderson Zoologist, explorer, writer and govermnent official. b.. June 30, 1876 near Decorah, Iowa. Ph.D'. from University of Iowa in 1906. Taught zoology and was associated with many schools and museums in U.S. and Canada.. Was chief of division of biology of National Museum of Canada from 19'20-46. Active in biological and anthropological explorations to Arctic Alaska, Yukon and Northwest Territories 1908-12; chief of southern party Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-16; naturalist on Canadian Arctic expedition to Greenland and Canadian Arctic Archipelago, 1928. Mason.

Robert Anderson (1805-1871) Major General U.S. Anny who was in command of Fort S,umter at time of Confederate attack. Known as "hero or Fort Sumter." b. in Kentucky and graduated from West Point in 1825. Raised in Mercer Lodge No. 50, Trenton, N.J. May 27, 1858. He was also an honorary member of Pacific Lodge No. 233 of New York City. In 1859 he was senior warden of Mercer lodge, but was ordered to another station and withdrew at the end of the year. He received the Knight Templar orders in Columbian Commandery No. 1 of New York City in December, 1862 and January, 1863 and was made a life member Oct. 28, 1867. d. Nice, France Oct. 27, 1871.


Sigurd Anderson dent bishop of Chattanooga, Tenn., Cincinnati, Ohio, and Boston, Mass. He was acting president of Boston Univ. in 1925-26. Visited many foreign missions prior to WW1 and during that war made five trips abroad as member of Emergency and Reconstruction Committee of the church. Mason and 32° AASR.

Sigurd Anderson Governor of South Dakota (1951-55). b. Arendal, Norway, Jan. 22, 1904 and brought to U.S. in 1906, becoming a citizen upon his father's naturalization in 1912. Graduated in la\v from the University of South Dakota in 1931. Was assistant attorney general of South Dakota in 1941-43 and later attorney general. Served as an officer in the u.s. Navy in WW2. Now with the Federal Trade Commission in Washington. He was raised in Coteau Lodge No. 54 at Webster, S. Dak. in 1943; member of Rabboni Chapter No. 23, R.A.M., Webster; Temple Council No.7 R. & S.M. Pierre; and Damascus Commandery No. 10, K.T. Aberdeen; 320 AASR at Yankton; Yelduz Shrine Temple at Aberdeen; Order of Eastern Star, Webster; and National Sojourners in Washington, D.C. He served as grand orator of the Grand Lodge of South Dakota.

William H. Anderson Prohibitionist. b. Aug. 8, 1874 at Carlinville, Ill. Graduated from Univ. of Michigan and illinois Wesleyan. His attorneyship for the Anti-Saloon League of Illinois led him into a lifetime fight against alcohol. His successful fight for the Illinois local option law brought him to New York in 1906-07 as associate supt. of the New York Anti-Saloon League and state supt. of the Maryland League from 1907-14. He returned to New York in 1914 and was general state supt. of their League until 1924, securing enough congresThomas o. Anderson Naval officer sional votes to submit the 18th U.S. Navy. As a lieutenant, he assisted Amendment. His defeat of the TamCommodore Decatur in destroying the many organization caused them to inship Philadelphia in the harbor of dict him in July, 1923 for an "alteraTripoli in 1804. Raised in Harmony tion" of the League's books (which Lodge No. 23 Newton, N.J. on Nov. the auditors had officially approved). He was convicted in Feb., 1924 and 28, 1803. sent to the state prison for nine Victor Emanuel Anderson Gover- months in spite of the League's denor of Nebraska since 1955. b. nunciation of it as "a monstrous perMarch 30, 1902 at Havelock, Nebr. version of justice." He founded the Owner of Anderson Hardware & American Christian Alliance of which Plumbing Co. since 19-24; Victor An- , he has been general secretary since derson Bottle Gas Co. since 1946; 1'926. Mason and 32 0 AASR. president Havelock (Nebr.) National Gomez Freire d'· Andrade (1685?Bank; Nebraska state senator in 194950. Raised in George Washington 1763) Portuguese general and adLodge No. 250, Lincoln, Nebr. in 1928. ministrator. b. Coimbra. Governor and Member of AASR (SJ) at Lincoln, captain general of Rio de Janerio Nebraska. Also member of Shrine, (1733-63.) Celebrated in de Gama's Jesters and DeMolay. epic poem, Epicos Brasileiros. He was William F. Anderson (1860-1944) a Venerable of the Lodge Virtude at Bishop, Methodist Episcopal Church. Lisbon and a member of the Lusitanio b. April 22, 1860 at Morgantown, Va. Grand Orient. (now W. Va.) Ordained in 1887 and General Ignacio Andrade Presielected bishop in 1908, retiring in dent of the Republic of Venezuela 1932. During that time he was resi- from 1898 to 1899. A 32° Freemason.


Thomas G. Andrews Count Gyula (Jules) Andrassy (1823-1890) Hungarian patriot and statesman. b. March 3, 1823. Allied himself with Louis Kossuth q.v. in the revolt of 1848 and was exiled until 1857 when he returned to Austria. During :b.is exile he became a Freemason in 1851 in France. He was elected to the diet in 1861, becoming its vice-president in 1865. He was first constitutional prime minister in 1867, foreign minister in 1871, and plenipotentiary at Congress of Berlin in 1878. d. Feb. 18, 1890.

Christopher Karl Andre Austrian cleric. An active Freemason who resided at Brunn, Moravia, where, in 1789, he was director of the Evangelical Academy. Johann Valentin Andrea (1586-1654) Protestant theologian, alchemist, satirical writer and early Rosicrucian. Said to have been" a Mason. Grandson of Jakob Andrea, theologian active in organizing and uniting the Lutheran church in Germany. Adolphus Andrews ( 1879 -19 48) Vice admiral commanding the Eastern Sea Frontier of WW2 (1942-43). b. Oct. 7, 1879 at Galveston, Texas and graduated from Naval Academy in 1907. Promoted through grades to rear admiral, 1934. Naval aid to Theodore Roosevelt, Harding and Coolidge. Commanded several ships including Mayflower, Massachusetts and Texas. Commanded New London, Conn. submarine base 1927-29; chief of staff Naval War College, 1931-33; chief of staff, U.S. Fleet, 1934-35; chief of Bureau of Navigation, 1935-38; Raised in Temple Noyes Lodge No. 32, Washington, D.C. on July 13, 1911. d. June

19, 1948. Alexander B. Andrews (1873-1946) Lawyer, writer. b. Feb. 2, 1873 at Henderson, N.C. Admitted to N.C. bar in 1894. Prominent in Episcopal lay circles; delegate to American


Council on Education 1932-37; member board of trustees Univ. of N.C. from 1927. Grand master of G.L. of N.C. 1917 and grand commander, grand commandery 1907. Wrote Digest of Masonic Law, 1841-1926. d. Oct. 21, 1946. Charles o. Andrews (? -1946) Senator from Florida from 1936-46. b. Ponce de Leon, Fla. Admitted to bar in 1907 and served variously as judge of criminal court, assistant attorney general of Florida, circuit judge and member of Florida house of representatives. Member of Orlando Lodge No. 69, Orlando. d. S.ept. 18, 1946. Frank Andrews (1864-1936) Judge, Supreme Court of Texas from 1918. b. Fayette Co., Texas, June 15, 1864. Assistant attorney general of Texas, 1891-95; judge court of civil appeals, 1899. d. Dec. 7, 1936. Mason. Isaac Andrews Private secretary to George Washington. A member of Dundee Lodge No. 123, Dundee, N.Y. Robert Andrews Revolutionary chaplain of the 2nd Virginia regiment in the Continental Army. This illustrious clergyman was the acting master of the meeting at which John Blair, Jr. was chosen as the first grand master of masons in Virginia on October 13, 1778, and later presided over the grand lodge when Blair was installed. He later became grand master himself. He was past master of Williamsburg lodge at the time he opened the October 13th meeting of the grand lodge. Thomas G. Andrews (1882-1942) Justice, Supreme Court of Oklahoma 1929-35. b. Aug. 29, 1882. Admitted to Oklahoma bar in 1911. Active in OddÂŁellows, serving as G.M. of Oklahoma and representative to the supreme grand lodge for 14 years. Member of the ritual revision committee and chairman of judiciary com-

Harvey A. Andruss mi ttee (nat'l.) . Elected grand sire 1937. He was a Knight Templar, 33 0 AASR and Shriner. d. Sept. 19'42.

Harvey A. Andruss President of State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. since 1939. b. Feb. 19, 1902 at Fort Worth, Texas, he has had a long and distinguished career as teacher, lecturer and advisor to labor, business and government on bUsiness law, bookkeeping, accounting and civil service. Mason, 32° AASR. William R. Angell (1877-1950) President of Continental Aeronautic Corp. b. Feb. 10, 1877 at Jesup, Iowa. Admitted to Illinois bar in 1899, beginning with Continental Motors in 1916 and becoming president from 1930-39. In addition to the Aeronautic Corp., he has served as president of Continental Aircraft Engine Co., Continental Diveo Co., Home Finance Co. and Midland Corp., as well as being a director of several other companies. Mason. d. Jan. 25, 1950.

Commandery No.2, K.T. 32° AASR in Helena Consistory and member of

Shrine since 19,25. Levi Ankeny (1844-1921) U.S. Senator from Washington 1903-09. b. Aug. 1, 1844 near St. Joseph, Mo., he crossed plains with parents to Oregon in 1850. Early in life he was a Wells Fargo agent and later in the mercantile business. in Lewiston, Idaho, where he was the first mayor. He later moved to Walla Walla, Wash. where he was president of seven banks in Washington and Oregon. He became a member of Willamette Lodge No.2 of Portland in 1866, affiliating with Walla Walla Lodge No.7 in 1878, serving as master in 188t He was past high priest of Walla Walla Chapter No.1, R.A.M. and member of. Washington Commandery, K.T. No.1. He was a KC'CH in Lawson Consistory, AASR and member of El Kalif Shrine at Spokane. d. March 29, 1921. Louis Annance (1794-1875) Chief of the St. Francis Indians, a vigorous and powerful tribe of the Quebec province. b. Aug. 25, 1794 at Saint Francis du Lac in the county of Yamaska, Quebec. He received his early education from the Jesuits who subsequently secured his admission to a school in Hanover, N.H., ·but as he was about to enter college the war of 1812 was declared and he was summaned back to his tribe to serve under the British. In 1817 he publicly renounced Catholicism and joined the Congregationalists. It was about this time that he became, by laws and rules of his tribe, successor to his father as chief and ruler, but having become a Protestant, was subjected to persecution and annoyance so he moved to Hanover, N.H. where he connected himself with the Methodists and was made a Freemason in North Star Lodge of Lancaster, N.H. in 1834. In 1835 or 1836 he removed

Frank M. Angellotti (1861-1932) Justice, Supreme Court of California, 1902-14. b. Sept. 4, 1861 at San Rafael, Calif. Raised in Marin Lodge No. 191, San Rafael Feb. 3, 1886,. serving as master from 1888-90 and grand master of G.L. of C'ali£ornia 1898-99. He was a member of the jurisprudence· committee from 1899 until his death May 23, 1932. Albert H. Angstman Justice, Supreme Court of Montana. b. March 23, 1888 at Farmington, Minn. Admitted to Minn. and Mont. bar in 1912. Assist. attorney-general of Montana 1921-28; assoc. justice supreme court 1929-35; counsel Public Service Comm. of Montana 1935-37; assoc. justice supreme court 1945-51. Raised in Helena Lodge No.3, Helena, Mont. in 1918 and served as its master. Member of Helena Chapter No.2, R.A.M. and past high priest; Helena Council No.1, R. & 81.M.and Helena


Matthew Arbuckle ter of the lodge Les Amis

to Greenville, Maine where he lived near Moosehead Lake. He died Dec. 25,1875" The G.L. of Maine issued dispensation to Doric Lodge which erected a tombstone over his grave in the Greenville cemetery.


tropes. Duke d' Antin Elected "perpetual Grand Master" of the Freemasons of France on June 24, 1738, serving until 1743.

Martin F. Ansel Former governor of South Carolina. Mason.

Dr. Carl Gottlob von Anton German Masonic writer who wrote several books on Templarism. d. Gorlitz, Nov. 17, 1818.

Martin C. Ansorge Congressman, lawyer and business executive. b. Jan. 1, 1882 at Corning, N.Y. Began law practice in New York City in 1906 after graduation from Columbia Univ. Membero£ the 67th Congress from N.Y. in 1921-23 and author of Edge-Ansorge Port of New York Authority bills for the comprehensive development of the Port of New York. Was one of the first to advocate construction of Tri-Borough Bridge and first chairman of its committee. Attorney for Henry Ford in SapiroBernstein libel cases. Director of United Air Lines. Raised in Mt. Nebo Lodge No. 257, New York City in 1907.

Earl of Antrim dal)

(see William Ran-

Frank Appleby (1864-1924) Congressman from N.J., 67th Congress (1921-23). b. Oct. 10, 1864. In real estate and insurance business in Asbury Park, N.J. starting in 1885. Member N.J. State Board of Education from 1894-1902. Mason.. d.. Dec. 15, 1924. Troy W. Appleby (1874-1947) President of Ohio National Life Insurance Co. b. Oct. 2, 1874 at Morrisville, Mo.. Started with the Ohio company as an actuary in 1905 and served as president from 1922. Active in many youth and social organizations and Methodist church. d. April 21, 1947. Mason and 32° AASR.

Charles L. Anspach College president. b. March 5, 1895 at Fremont, Ohio. Received degrees from Ashland College, Univ~ of Toledo and Ph.D. from Univ. of Michigan in 1923. Was president of Ashland College (OWo) from 19,35-39 and has been president of Central Michigan College of Education at Mt. Pleasant since 19-39'. Active in many civic and religious organizations on state and national scale. Member of Ashland Lodge No. 151, Ashland Chapter No. 67, RAM, Ashland Council No. 128 R. & S.M., all of Ashland, Ohio, and Mansfield Commandery, K.T. No. 21 of Mansfield, Ohio. Received 32° AASR (NJ) in Bay City Consistory, Bay City, Mich., and is a member of Elf Khurafeh Shrine Temple, S·aginaw, Mich.

Sylvanus Apps Ice hockey player. Captain of the Toronto Maple Leafs. Member of University Lodge No. 496, Toronto, Ont., Canada. Enunanuel Arago (1812-1896) French politician, senator and barrister. Mason.

Matthew Arbuckle (1774-1851) Brigadier General in Mexican War. b. Greenbrier, Va. in 1774, he entered the U.. S. Army as an ensign in 1800.. Was sent to the Oklahoma territory to supervise the newly removed Indian tribes in 1821, establishing Fort Gibson and Fort Towson near the Kiamichi for this purpose. Fort Arbuckle was named for him. d. June 11, 1851 at Fort Smith and bwied

Jules Anspach (1826-1879) Lord mayor of Brussels, Belgium and mas27

John Arbuthnot

with military and Masonic honors. The remains were afterwards reinterred at his birthplace. John Arbuthnot (1667-1735) Scottish physician and writer. Was physician in ordinary to Queen Anne (1709). A close friend of Swift, he authored witty political pamphlets including The History of John Burl, a satire against the Duke of Marlborough, which popularized and fixed the modern conc'eption of John Bull as the typical Englishman. He was also the author of 'a number of medical and scientific papers. Reported to be member of a London lodge. Branch T. Archer (1790-1856) Texas patriot. b. in Virginia and came to Texas in 1831 where he was active in measures for Texas independence. He served as secretary of war of Texas under President Lamar. He was raised in Harmony Lodge No. 62 at Pridewell, Amelia Co., Va. in 1808 and later became a member of Manchester Lodge No. 14 at Manchester becoming its master in 1821. He signed the petition for St. John's Lodge No.5 of Texas.

P. C. Archer General in Confederate Army. Member of Paris Commandery, K.T. No.9 of Texas. Leslie C. Arends Congressman from illinois to 74th to 8Ist Congresses (19'35-51). b. Sept. 27, 1895. Mason.

James C. Argetsinger (1883-1955) Vice president of Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. b. Dec. 12, 1883 at Burdet, N.Y. Lawyer. Secretary of the above firm from 1932-49. Vice president since 1935. Mason. d. June 16, 1955.

Modeste Armijo Former Nicaraguan minister of education and chief justice of the Supreme Court. A Masonic guest in Connecticut in JlUle 1945.

Lewis A. Armistead (1817-1863) American army officer. b. New Bern, N.C., he served in the U . S. army from 1839'-61 and in the Confederate army 1861-63, receiving the rank of brigadier general in 1862. He was killed in Pickett's charge at Gettysburg. Member of Alexandria Lodge No. 22, Alexandria, Va.

David H. Armstrong (1812-?) U.S. Senator from Missouri 1877-79. b. Oct 21, 1812 in Nova Scotia, Canada. He received an academic education at the Maine Wesleyan seminary and moved to St. Louis in 1837 where he opened and taught the first public school in the state on April 1, 1838. He was comptroller of St. Louis from 1847 to 1850 and a member of the board of police commissioners from 1873-75 and again in 1877. Armstrong was a member or Washington Lodge No.9 of St. Louis. Donald Armstrong Brigadier General, U.S. Army and business execu路 tive. b. April 15, 1889. Served in the two world wars. Promoted to general rank in 1942 and was chief of the Tank Automotive Center at Detroit in 1942; commanding general of Ordnance Replacement Training Center, Aberdeen, Md. 1943; commandant of Anny In.. dustrial College, Washington, D.C. 1944. President of U.S. Pipe and Foundry Co. since 1948. Mason.

George E. Armstrong Brigadier General U.S. Army, surgeon. b. Lawrence Co., Ind. Aug. 4, 1900. Served in Army Medical Corps since 1925. Theater surgeon of C.B.I. and later surgeonChina Theater 1944-46. Deputy surgeon-general with rank of general since June 1947. Raised in Bedford Lodge No. 14, B,ed拢ord, Ind. on March

7th Duke of Argyle (George William) 54th Grand Master Mason of Scotland, 1822-23. Richard Arlen Movie actor. Member Utopia Lodge No.. 537, Los Angeles, Calif.


Edward F. Arn way up from mill clerk. Director of La France Industries, United States Testing Co., Stowell Silk Spool Co. Active in local government and charities. Mason and 32째 AASR (N.J.).

12, 1922. AASR membership in Valley of Indianapolis; 33째, honorary. Member of Murat Shrine Temple, Indianapolis. Harry L. Armstrong President of Castle Heights Military Academy, Lebanon, Tenn. since 1929. b. July 19, 1888 at Logan, Ohio. President of Association of Military Colleges and Schools of the U.S. in 1942. Raised in Mingo Lodge No. 171, Logan, Ohio in 1909.




A clergyman who became a Scottish Rite Mason and later an anti-Mason.

Sir Richard Annstrong (?-1823) British lieutenant general commanding forces in West Canada. He entered the Queen's Rangers as a captain and afterward became major. He showed great efficiency as a partisan officer on the Royalist side during the Revolution. In 1783 he was appointed with Capt. Saunders to prepare a parting address for Col. John G. Simcoe q.v., the intrepid leader of the rangers. He was advanced to colonel in 1797; to major general in 1803 and to lieutenant general in 1809. A Mason.

Harry W. Armstrong (1879-1951) American composer famous for the all-time favorite Swe'et Adeline which he wrote in 1903 with words by Richard H. Gerard. b. Somerville, Mass. He was raised Feb.. 20, 1922 in Montgomery Lodge No. 68, New York City and affiliated with John Stewart Lodge No. 871 in 1932.

John Annstrong (1758-1843) American revolutionary officer; general in War of 1812, secretary of war, U.S. senator and minister to France. b. Carlisle, Pa. Was deputy adjutant general in the American Revolution and wounded at Germantown. In 1783 he wrote a series of anonymous letters in effort to force Congress to pay arrears to army officers. He was U.S. senator from New York from 180004 and U.S. minister to France 180410. As secretary of war 1813-14, he was held responsible by many for the military failures in the War of 1812. Raised in Army Lodge No.. 19 on register of G.L. of Pennsylvania and later seems to have become a member of Old Cone Lodge No.9 at Salisb,ury, N.C. He may have affiliated later in New York as there is such a name listed as a member of Hibernia Lodge No. 339.

Thomas Annstrong, Jr. (1857-1937) Lawyer, public benefactor. b. July 18, 1857. Admitted to Wisconsin bar in 1880 and practiced in Portage. President of 1st National Bank of Portage 1891-92, moving to Phoenix, Arizona in 1892 where he engaged in law practice and was president of the 1st National Bank of Arizona 1924-29. He was the donor of the Pueblo Grande Ancient Ruins to the city of Phoenix. d. Nov. 1937. Mason. Edward F. Am Governor of Kansas 1952-55. b. KansaS' City, Kansas May 19, 1906. Began law practice in Wichita in 1936; attorney general of Kansas 1947-49; associate justice Supreme Court of Kansas 1949-51. Raised in Wyandotte Lodge No.3, Kansas City, Kansas in 1927. 32째 AASR (8J), Orient of Kansas at Wichita, National Sojourners Chapter No. 24 at Wichita, DeMolay Legion of Honor and S,enior member, International Supreme Council, Order .of DeMolay. Member of Midian Shrine

J. P. Taylor Annstrong Business executive. b. New London, Conn. July 1, 1882. President of Belding Heminway Co. since 1937; president Corticelli Silk Co. 19~O-32, working his


of Wichita and member of patrol from 1937-47; honorary life member of Korein Temple at Rawlins, Wyo. and deputy to imperial potentate of the Shrine in 1954.. 5-5.

March 12, 1908. Taught in public schools and became president of N.D. School of Forestry, 1938-43. Mason. Thomas A. Arne (1710-1778) Eng.. lish musical' composer. He wrote music for Joseph Addison's Rosa· mund (1733); Fielding's Tom Thumb, or the Op'era of Operas (1733); Mil· ton's Comus (1738); Thomson and Mallet's Masque of Alfred (1740 which included the .song Rule Bri· tannia). In addition to the oratorios Abel (1755) and Judith (1764), he composed many songs, as those for the Tempest (1746) and light operas. Mason.

. Elmer R. Am (1886-1951) Surgeon.. b. Ju1y 8, 1886 at Arnhelm, Ohio. Received M.D. from Univ. of Cincinnati in 1911 and did post graduate work in Berlin. and Vienna Universities. Specialist in goiter. Dr. Arn became a Mason in 1908. As grand master of the G..L. of Ohio (1935-36) he devoted much of his time to theOhio Masonic Home-a service which he continued until his death.. In 1930 he received the 33° and two years later was crowned an active member of the Supreme Council being elected deputy for Ohio in 1946 and continuing until he retired in 1950. His most distinctive service to F'reemasonry was his leadership of the George Washington Masonic National Memorial Association from 1938 until his death. In those 13 years he visited grand lodges throughout the country presenting this cause which meant most to him. He died December 24, 1951 and, in compliance with Am's request, his ashes were dropped by airplane on the Washington memorial Ellis G. Arnall Governor of Georgia, 1943-47. b. March 20, 1907 at Newnan, Ga.. Admitted to Georgia bar in 1931. Served as member of state house of representatives and speaker pro tem from· 1933-37; attorney general of Georgia 1939-43. Since 1947 he has been president of the Dixie Life Insurance Co.; president of the Society of Independent Motion Picture Producers since 1948. From 1947-51 he was a member of the National Comm. for UNESCO. Member of Cowetta Lodge No. 60 at · 1931 . . N.ewnan, Ga., smce

Ben Arnold Justice, Supreme Court of Oklahoma 1941-53. b . New.. ark, Ark., Oct. 24, 1892. LL.B. from Univ. of Oklahoma in 1925 and ad.. mitted to bar same year. Mason, 32° AASR, Shriner. Benedict Arnold (1741-1801) America's most notorious traitor. b. Norwich, Conn., Jan. 14, 1741. His early life was spent in trade with the West Indies, but volunteered for serv.. ice at the outbreak of the Revolution and with Ethan Allen q.'V'. captured Fort Ticonderoga on May 10, 1775. He was the leader of an unsuccessful cam· paign to capture Quebec in 1775, but, as a brigadier general in 1776, stopped a British thrust from Canada down Lake Champlain. In 1777 as. a major general he repulsed a British force in the Mohawk Valley and aided in forcing Burgoyne's surrender. While in Philadelphia (1778-79) as com· mander, he was court-martialed for irregularities and reprimanded by Washington (in kind words). It was here that he began treasonable cor· respondence with the British and while in command at West Point (1780), he arranged to surrender that key position to the British. The plot was discovered by the capture of Major Andre on Sept. 23, and Arnold fled to the British. He was commis..

Albert F. Amason State commissioner of higher education, North Dakota since 1943.. b. Hensel, N.D.. , 30

Remmie LeRoy Arnold sioned a brigadier general in the British army and received 拢6,315 in compensation for his property losses. He then led an expedition into Virginia which burned Richmond and made an attack on New London, Conn. in Sept. 1781, returning to Lon-

don in December of that year. Disappointed at the failure of his plans and embittered by the neglect and scorn which he met in England, he gradually sank into a melancholia and died in London June 14, 1801. His last words were reported as: "Let me die in the old uniform in which I fought my battles for freedom. May God forgive me for putting on any other." There is no question that Arnold was a Freemason. Wallace in his Traitorous Hero says he was admitted a member in a lodge "in the West Indies" which may well be true as he was there in his early days before the Revolution. The first record in. Book II of Hiram Lodge No. 1, New Haven, 路Conn. (April 10, 1765) record that "Br. Benedict Arnold is by R.W. (Nathan Whiting) proposed to be made a member (i.e. an affiliate) of this R.W. Lodge, and is accordingly made a member in this Lodge." This was ten years before his first action in the Revolution. His name appears frequently on the records of Hiram lodge Wltil about 1772. After his defection the lodge erased his name from membership and he was abandoned as a Mason. On June 12, 1771 he visited Solomons Lodge No. 1 at Poughkeepsie, N.Y. and on May 16, 1781 the lodge by vote "ordered that the name of Benedict Arnold be considered as obliterated from the minutes, or this Lodge; a Traitor" (with figure of a hand pointing to word "traitor.") This was done and the old records show his name partially obliterated by pen marks.

Pa. Graduated from West Point in 1907 and a pioneer in military aviation, who in 1912 was awarded a trophy for "a 30-mile flight." From a 2nd lieutenant in 1907 he advanced to the highest American rank in 1944-that of a 5-star general. He was flight commander of the U.S. Alaska Flight of 1934; assistant chief Air Corps, 1936-38; chief of Army Air C'orps, 1938; commanding general Army Air Forces, 1942. He was raised in Union Lodge No.7, Junction City, Kansas on Nov. 3, 1927, received the 32 0 AASR on April 11, 1929 at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas and 33 0 on Oct. 19, 1945. d. Jan.. 15, 1950. John C. Arnold Justice, Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. b. March 10, 1887 at Durwensville, Pa. Admitted to Pennsylvania bar in 1910. Judge of superior court (appellate) 1945-53. Justice of supreme court since 1953. Raised in Garfield Lodge No. 559, DuBois, Pa. on Nov. 7, 1912.. Member of AASR, Valley of Williamsport, Pa. and received 33 0 in 1952. Member of Jaffa Shrine Temple at Altoona,

Pa. Remmie LeRoy Arnold Pen manufacturer and Imperial Potentate of Shrine (1953-54). b. Jan. 25, 1894 at Petersburg, Va.路 Started the R. L. Arnold Pen Co. in 1935 which has grown to the second largest pen company in the world. Served as president of the American War Dads during WW2, making a trip to England as guest of Lord Halifax, British Am.bassador, visiting camps, hospitals and front lines. On his return he toured the United States at his own expense to report directly to the American people and wrote over 5,000 letters to parents of men with whom he had talked. Served as president of the Southern States Industrial Counell. Ran for governor of Virginia in 1949. Raised in Powhatan Starke Lodge No. 124, Petersburg, Va. on

Henry H. "Hap" Arnold (1886-1950) Commanding general of the u.s. Air Force. b. June 25, 1886 at Gladwyne,


Samuel W. "Waf" Arnold

Feb. 24, 19-28. Royal Arch Mason and Knight Templar in 1930 and 32° AASR in 1928. Received Royal Arch in Petersburg Chapter No.7" R.A.M. and knighted in Appomattox Commandery No.. 6, both of Petersburg, Va. in 1930. AASR (SJ) in Richmond, Va., receiving 33°. Member of Acca Temple, Royal Order of Scotland, Royal Order of Jesters in Richmond, Order of Quetzacoaile in Mexico City, National Sojourners and Heroes of '76 at Fort Lee, Va., chairman of board of Shriners Hospitals, and Legion of Honor, DeMolay.. Samuel W. "Wat" Arnold Congressman from Missouri 78th to 80th Congresses (1943-49). b. Sept. 21, 1879 near Downing, Mo. Taught school and served as superintendent from 1896 to 1903. Owner of lumber business and radio stations. Member of the following Masonic bodies of Kirksville, Mo. Adair Lodge No. 366; Caldwell Chapter No. 53, R.A.M; Ely Commandery No. 22.

J. Hugo Aronson Governor of Montana since 1952. b. Sept. 1, 1891, GaUstad, Sweden. Came to U.S. in 1911. Director of Toole Co. Bank, Shelby, Mont. since 1927 and president since 1940. Member state house of representatives 1939-45; senator 1945-53. Mason. King Gustav VI Adolf q.1). of Sweden appointed him as representative of the G.L. of Sweden to the G.L. of Montana. His appointment was in Sw·edish, accompanied by an English translation, but Aronson could read the original. Received degrees in Shelby Lodge No. 143, in 1924 and later demitted to Cut Bank. Lodge No. 82, Cut Bank, Mont. Member of Tyrean Chapter 34, R.A.M. and Cut Bank Council R. -& S.M. No. 11 at Cut Bank. and Golden West Commandery 24, K.T. at Shelby, Mont. 32° AASR in Valley of Helena. Was senior steward of Shelby Lodge at time of his transfer. Member of Algeria Shrine Temple and Shelby Chapter No.. 113, G.E.S. Received "Hats Off" award from Edward C. Day Chapter, DeMolay in Helena.

William W. Arnold Congressman from Illinois to 68th to 74th Congresses (192'3-37), resigning to become member of U.s. Board of Tax Appeals (now The Tax Court of the U.S.) on which he has served since 1937.. Knight Templar and 32° AASR.

Chester A. Arthur (1830-66) Presi.. dent of the United States, 1881-85 on death of Garfield. Was not a Mason. Although often referred to as a "Mason, brother, and worthy member of the Craft" by early publications, there is not one shred of evidence that points to his membership.

Sir Lauriston J. Arnott Managing Director of the Irish Times, Dublin, Ireland. Served as master of Meridian Lodge XII in Dublin in 1952. Also member of Lodge of Erin No. 2895, London, England..

Harold J. Arthur Governor of Vermont. b. Feb. 9, 1904 at Whitehall, N.Y. Admitted to bar in 1932 and has been in civil .and criminal practice since that date. Clerk of Vermont lower house 1939-43, lieut. governor of Vermont 1949-50 and elected governor in 1950. Served as an officer, U.S. Army WW2, 1941-46. Mason, Knight Templar, 32° AASR (NJ) and Shriner.

Jacob Aronson (1887-1951) Vice president and general counsel of New York Central Railroad since 1947. b. Jan. 2,1887 at Brooklyn, N.Y. Admitted to N.Y. bar in 1908. Associated with New York Central since 1906 as attorney, general attorney and counsel. Director of· several other corporations. Mason. d. Jan. 13, 1951.

John M. Arthur Brigadier general U.S. Marine Corps. b.. April 12, 1893. Graduate of Infantry School, Fort


William A. Ashbrook Benning, Command and General Staff School, Ft. Leavenworth, Naval War College. From 2nd lieutenant Marine Corps in 1917 he advanced to brigadier general in 1946. Served in Cuba 1917-19. Aide to White House during Harding and Coolidge administrations. Subsequently served in Nicaragua, China. Legislative liaison officer of Marine Corps to Congress, 1934..37. Chief-of-staff, Fleet Marine Force 1940-41; commander of combined forces during Guadalcanal campaign 1942-43. Mason. Thomas Arthur (1860-1925) Chief justice, Supreme Court of Iowa (192325). b. July 12, 1860. LL.B. University of Iowa. Judge of district court of Iowa, 1911-20; justice Supreme Court of Iowa, 1920-23. Mason. d. Sept. 15, 1925.

Gotthardus Arthusius Wrote many works on Rosicrucianism under the assumed name of Irenaeus Agnostus. Was rector of the gymnasium of Frankfort-on-the-Main. Earl of Arundel (Thomas Howard) (1585?-1646) Tradition places him as grand master of English Freemasons from 1633 to 1635 and the claim is in accordance with the accounts of Anderson and Preston. He was the 14th Earl, and became a Protestant in 1615; president of the committee of peers on Bacon's case in 1621; general of the army against the Scots in 1639. He was one of the first large scale collectors of art in England, and his collection of statues, pictures, guns, coins, manuscripts and marbles was presented to Oxford in 1667 by, his grandson. William Arundel (?-1816) Early American merchant and fur trader. He was first secretary of Western Star Lodge No. 107 at Kaskaskia, the first capital of illinois. Arundel was raised in St. Andrews Lodge, Quebec, Canada. When No. 107 at Kas-

kaskia was formed on Sept. 27, 1805, he was a charter member. He was located at Kahokia (Ill.) as early as 1783, but had resided near Peoria at an earlier date. He had emigrated from Ireland to Canada and possessed a good education for that time. Jacob M. Arvey Political boss of Chicago and prominent national Democratic political figure. b. Chicago, Nov. 3, 1895. Served as state's attorney in 1918-20; master in chancery, circuit court of Cook Co. 1930-34; alderman 24th ward, Chicago, 192341; chairman Cook Co. Central Committee, Democratic party. Mason. Charles G. Ashbrook President of North American Life Insurance Co. of Chicago. b. Nov. 1899 at Granville, Ohio. Graduated from Denver Univ. in 1921 and started as a clerk with North American, working his way successively up to president in 1955. Raised in Nunda Lodge No. 169, Crystal Lake, Ill. on May 7, 1938. Member of Woodstock Chapter No. 36, R.A.M. and Woodstock Council, R. & S.M.. and Calvary Commandery No. 25, K.T. all of Woodstock, Illinois. Served as master of Nunda Lodge No. 169 in 1942. Joined Medinah Shrine Temple in 1943.

Frank G. Ashbrook Fur animal expert. b. York, Fa., Oct. 20, 1892. B.S. in agriculture, Pa. State College, 1914; with B,ureau of Animal Industry, Dept. of Agriculture 1914-18 and on leave from dept. to French High Commission, 1919-20. In charge of fur-bearing animal work, Div. of Fur Resources, Biological Surveys, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture since 1921. Traveled in Japan and China in 1937 for Treasury Dept. to obtain information on methods of dressing dog, lamb and kid skins imported to U.S. Author of many books in field. Mason. William A. Ashbrook (1867-1940) Congressman from Ohio to 60th to 33

George F. Ashby 65th Congresses (1907-21) and 74th and 75th Congresses (1935-39) from 17th Ohio district. b. July 1, 1867 at Johnstown, Ohio. Publisher and editor of Johnstown Independent from 1885-1940. Mason. d. Jan. 1, 1940.

Dr. Carl Willielm Asher First translator into German of the Halliwell or Regius Manuscript, which he published at Hamburg in 1842 under the title of Alteste Urkunde der Frei,. maurerei.

George F., Ashby Railroad president. b. Sept. 3, 1885 at Mt. Airy, N.C. Started with railroad industry as a clerk with the Atlantic Coast Line in 1906. With Union Pacific RR Co.. since 1921, serving as president and director 1946-49. Also president and director of Oregon Short Line, Oregon-Washington RR and Navigation Co.; Los Angeles and Salt Lake RR; St. Joseph and Grand Island; Laramie North Park and Western; Saratoga and Encampment Valley and Des Chutes RR. Mason and Shriner.

Edward Ashley (1854-19'31) Clergyman, missionary to Dakota Indians. b. Road Hill, England Dec. 12, 1854, came to U.S. in 1873 and naturalized in 1889. Became Episcopalian deacon in 1877 and priest in 1881. Served as general missionary among Sioux In· dians for 57 years. Mason and 33° deputy in South Dakota for Supreme Council (8J). d. March 30, 1931. James M. Ashley (1824-?) Governor of Montana. b. Nov. 14, 1824 near Pittsburgh, Pat Clerked on boats of Ohio and Mississippi rivers, became editor of the Dispatch and later the Democrat. at Portsmouth, o. Admit~ ted to bar, but never practiced. Elected five times to U.S. Congress from Pennsylvania, serving from 1859-1869. Four times chairman of the committee on territories, it was under his supervision that the territories of Arizona, Idaho and Montana were or~ ganized. Appointed governor of Mon~ tana in 1869. Raised March 2, 1853 in Toledo Lodge No. 144, Toledo, Ohio.

Turner Ashby (1824-1862) Confederate Brigadier General in Civil War. b. Rose Hill, Va. He was a grain dealer in Markham, Va., and afterward a planter and politician. At the outbreak of the Civil War he raised a regiment o£ cavalry. Being a fine horseman and daring by nature, he soon distinguished himself. He met his death in a skirmish preceding the battle of Cross Keys, Va. on June 6,1862. He was a member of Equality Lodge No. 44, Martinsburg, W. Va. and was buried Maso ni cally.

Elias Ashmole (1617-1692) Most learned English antiquarian of his day. A Royalist in the Civil War. In 1672 he published an exhaustive history of the Order of the Garter which is now an exceedingly rare volume. In 1677 he presented a co~ lection of rarities to Oxford University Which became the Ashmolean Museum. His importance to Freemasonry stems from the diary which he kept with great care. Masonic historians have generally set the date of speculative Masonry as 1717 when the G.L. of England was formed.. His diary entry of Oct. 16, 1646 stated that he had been. made a Freemason at 4:30 p.m. at Warrington, Lanca-

Bowman F,. Ashe (1885-1952) President of University of Miami from 1926. b. Scottdale, Pa.. , April 3, 1885. Regional director Social Security Board for Southeastern States, 1936-38 and regional director War Manpower Committee for Southeastern States, 1942. Mason. d. Dec. 16, 1952. Rev. Jonathan Ashe Author of Masonic Manual, 1814 which he copies from Hutchinson without giving credit.


John Jacob Astor shire with Col. Henry Mainwaring of Karincham, Cheshire. At this time Ashmole was a captain in Lord Ashley's regiment and also Comptroller of the Ordnance on the King's side. Mainwaring, of whom there is frequent mention in the bulletins of the civil war, was a staunch Parliamentarian. The diary also gives the names of those that were then members of the lodge which seems to justify the conclusion that they were in the habit of associating in Masonic fellowship for some time. It is noteworthy that not a single operative Mason was present on this date. His diary therefore earned him the name of "first speculative English Freema18 1692. son." d. May, Henry F. Ashurst Former U.S. Senator from Arizona. Married as Catholic and afterwards withdrew from the fraternity. John W. Askew Comptroller of Post Office Department, Washington, 路 1949.b. N av., 1 1901. W路th n.C. smce 1 postal service since 1920. Now regional comptroller at Atlanta, Ga. Raised Oct. 6, 1925 in Corinthian Lodge No. 266 at Norfolk, Va. William D. Askren Justice S,upreme Court State of Washington 1924-28. b. Oct. 1, 1885 Mount Ayr, Iowa. Admitted to bar 1908. Judge of Superior Court, 1920-04. Mason and past potentate Affi Shrine Temple, 1926-27. Richard Aspinall Educator. b. Dec. 1, 1881 at Bolton, England. President Western State College, Gunnison, Colo., 1927-30. Director of student affairs and assistant to president of West Virginia University 1930-48. Superintendent of Moosehart Home and School, Moosehart, TIl. (Loyal Order of Moose) since 1948. Received his degrees in Terra Alta Lodge No. 106, W. Va. about 1922 and later member of Morgantown Union Lodge No.4, Morgantown, W.. Va. 32掳 AASR

(8J) at Wheeling, W. Va. and KCCH. Member of Osiris Shrine Temple at Wheeling. Served as grand prelate, Grand Lodge of West Virginia circa 1932-44. Has served many times as orator for Masonic events. Wayne N. Aspinall Congressman from Colorado to 81st Congress (194951). b. April 3, 1896 at Middleburg, Ohio. Graduate of Univ. of Denver and Denver Law School. Admitted to bar 1925. Member of state legislature of Colorado from 1931-38 and speaker of house 1937-38. State senator 1939-48. Participated in Normandy drive WW1 as American officer with British forces. Raised in Palisade Lodge No. 125, Palisade, Colo. in 1926. Member of Grand Junction Chapter No. 24, R.A.M.; Grand Junction Council No. 16 R. & S.M. and Temple Cammandery No. 23, K.T., all of Grand Junction, Colo. 32掳 AASR (5J) in Valley of Grand Junction, receiving KCCH. Served as master of Palisade lodge and also as secretary. Member of El Jebel Shrine Temple. Rupert F. Asplund (1875-1952) Tax and budget expert. b. June 26, 1875 at Little Indian, TIl. M.A. and LL.D., Illinois College, Jacksonville, Ill. Instructor of Latin and Greek at Univ. of New Mexico 1902-09. Secretary State Tax Commission (N.M.) 1917-18; director Taxpayers' Assn. of N.M. since 1918; editor and manager of N.M. Journal of Education, 190719; director of N.M. State Budget, 1919-41; comptroller State of N.M. 1930. Grand Master of G.L. of N.M. 1947-48. Deputy of Supreme Council AASR (SJ) for N.M. from 1935. d. Dec. 7, 1952. John Jacob Astor (1763-1848) German-American financier and czar of the fur trade. b. Duchy of Baden, Germany, July 17, 1763, coming to U.S. in 1784 and entering the fur trade. He incorporated the American Fur Co. in 1808 and the Pacific Fur


David R. Atchison

Murray family. Sold the sovereignty of Isle of Man to the- British Crown in 1765. Grand master, G.L. of England (Antients) 1771-74. Also G.M. of Scotland in 1773. (Scots spell it "Athole.") John, 4th Duke of Atholl (17551830) Created Earl Strange in peerage of Great Britain in 1786. He succeeded his father as grand master of G.L. of England in 1775, serving until 1781 and again from 1791-1813. Was grand master of G.L. of Scotland from 1778 to 1779. George Augustis" 6th Duke of At.. holl Served as 66th Grand Master Mason of Scotland 1843-63 while Lord Glenlyon. He was grand master of England from 1843 until his death in January, 1864. The three craft degrees were confered upon him at the same time and he was installed as master at the same meeting in Grand Master Lodge No.1. John George, 8th Duke of Atholl Served as 79th Grand Master Mason of Scotland 1909-13 while Marquis of Tullibardine. He later became the 8th Duke of Atholl. Harry W. Atkins Poultry industry executive. b. May 16, 1883 at Streator, 111. Judged 800 poultry shows and fairs in 38 years'. Supt. poultry department Iowana Farms, 1910-16. Owner of Atkins Fann Hatchery and Atkins Poultry Sales until 1943. President of American Poultry As.. sociation 1938-40 and secretary since 1940. Former concert work with Atkins Family Band and Orchestra. Organized and directed Kaaba Shrine band 1915-25. Raised in Amity Lodge No. 483, Huntington, Ind. on June 3, 1912. 32째 at Davenport, Iowa in 1915. Member of Mohassan Grotto.

Smith D. Atkins General, Union Army, Civil War. Mason and Knight Templar at Galena, TIL Member Illinois Masonic Veterans Association.

Frank E. Atwood Arthur K. Atkinson President of the Wabash Railroad since 1947. b. Denver, Colo., Oct. 19, 1891. Started as office boy with the D. & R.G. Railroad in 1909. Has been with Wabash since 1922. He is also an officer and director of the following railroads: Ann Arbor Boat Co., Ann Arbor Ry. Co., Detroit & Western, Lake Erie & Fort Wayne; Manistique & Lake Superior, Menominee ,& St. Paul, N.J., Indiana & Illinois, Wabash Motor Transit Co., Wabash Radio Corp., American Refrigerator Transit Co., Belt Ry. of Chicago, Chicago & Western Indiana, Kansas City Terminal. A Freemason since 1924, he is a member of University City Lodge No. 649 (Mo.), exalted in Cabany Chapter No. 140, R.A.M. Nov. 26, 1948 and knighted in St. Aldemar Commandery No. 18, K.T. March 18, 1949. Council degrees in Hiram Council No.1, St. Louis, Sept. 3, 1952. AASR (8J) in Valley of St. Louis in 1948; KCCH on Oct. 20, 1953, he is president of the Scottish Rite Endowment, Philanthropic and Educational Foundation and junior warden in St. Louis Lodge of Perfection. He is viceroy of St. Louis Conclave No. 42, Red Cross of Constantine and president of KCCH in 1956. Member of Moolah Shrine Temple. Member of board of governors of St. Louis Shrine Hospital. Member of board of governors of DeMolay Foundation, Inc. Active member-at-large for life of the International Supreme Council, Order of DeMolay and member of Royal Order of Jesters, St. Louis Court No. 81, since 1950. George W. Atkinson (1845-1925)

grand master of W.Va. in 1876 and grand secretary of the G.L. of W. Va. from 1897 to 1901. Knight Temp1ar. d. April 4, 1925.

Harry H. Atkinson Lawyer and


Attorney for Nevada from 192634. b. Salt Lake City, Utah, May 22, 1881. Law degree from Stanford in 1903. Admitted to California and Nevada bar in 1906. Served with 1st Troop, Utah, U.S. Vol. Cava in Spanish American War. Grand master of the G.L. of Nevada 1920-21. Theodore Atkinson Secretary of the Province of New Hampshire (before statehood) and chief justice of New Hampshire in 1754. Admitted December 22 (St. John's Day) to St. John's Lodge No.1, Portsmouth, N.H. William Y. Atkinson (1855-1899) Governor of Georgia, 1894-96. b. Oakland, Ga. and graduated from state university in 1877. Admitted to Georgia bar in 1878. Member of state legislature 1886-94, being speaker the last three years. In 1889 he founded the Georgia Normal and Industrial College and was president of the board of trustees. Buried Masonically. William W. Atterbury (1866-1935) President of the Pennsylvania Railroad from 1925. b.Jan. 31, 1866 at New Albany, Ind. Graduated from Yale and started as an apprentice in the Altoona shops of the Pennsylvania R.R. in 1886. While vice president in charge of operations, he was granted a leave of absence in 1917 to direct the construction and operation of U.S. military railways in France, and was commissioned brigadier general.. Was officer and trustee of many corporations. He was raised in CoIonia! Lodge No. 631, Philadelphia, Pa. in 1895. d. Sept. 20, 1935.

Governor of West Virginia 1897-1901. b. June 29, 1845 at Charleston, Va. (now W.Va.). Served as internal revenue agent, postmaster an d U .. S Marshal. Member of 51st Congress (1889-91). Judge U.S. Court of Claims 1905-16. Raised in Kanawha Lodge No. 20, Charleston Oct. 12, 1866. Was

Frank E. Atwood (1878-1943) Judge, Supreme Court of Missouri 1925-35. b. Carrollton, Mo., Oct. 5, 1878. Attended Missouri University 37

Henry C. Atwood

and William Jewell College. Admitted to Missouri bar in 1904. Member of Missouri Constitutional Convention of 1922. Mason. d. March 5, 1943. Belonged to Wakanda Lodge No. 52 at Carrollton and exalted in George Washington Chapter No. 24, R.A.M. Nov. 21, 1913, demitting from latter in 1938. Henry C. Atwood ('?-1860) Masonic writer. b. Connecticut and settled in New York in 1825. Raised in York Lodge No. 197, New York in 1835. Published The Master Workman; or True Masonic Guide in 1850. Organized a lodge and introduced ritual of Jeremy L. Cross. Was a leader in establishing St. John's G.L. and was grand master at the union in 1851. d. 1860. W. K. Au One of the leaders in

the establishment of the Grand Lodge of China, and foremost Chinese Freemason of'the present day. He served for several years as an officer in his lodge and grand lodge. Lord Auckland (see William Eden) Lord John Touchet Audley Anderson states he was Grand Master of England from 1540-1548. He was a patron of the building art in Magdalene College, Cambridge. John James Audubon (1785-1851) American ornithologist and artist known for his imposing works in full color of Birds of America (1827-38). b. Apri126, 1785 in Haiti. d. Jan. 27, 1851. Although Audubon referred to himself as a "Mason" and "Brother" in his diary, no proof has been found of his membership. lJerthold lluerbach (1812-1882) German patriot and writer. Known for his pictures. of life in the Black Forest. His fiction includes Spinoza (1837); Schwarzwalder Dorfgeschichten (1843); Edelweiss (1861) ; Auf de-r Hoke (1865). He translated Spinoza's works in 5 volumes in 1841. Initiated in 1838.

Piette Francois C. Augereau (17571816?) nee Duc de Castiglione. French soldier created Marshal of France by Napoleon. Distinguished himself at Lodi and Castiglione (1796) and carried through the coup d'etat of Sept. 4, 1797. He served through the Napoleonic wars throughout the empire period. Was premier grand surveillant of the Grand Lodge Symbolique of France in 1805. Edward Augustus, Duke of York h. March 14, 1738. Brother of King George III. Was initiated in the Lodge of Friendship (later known as Royal York Lodge of Friendship) Berlin, Germany on July 27, 1765.' Frederick Augustus, Prince of Brunswick (1740-?) b. 1740 the second son of Duke Charles 1. Affiliated with the Rite of Strict Observance in 1769 and declared grand master of Prussia in 1772, serving until 1799. Rendered distinguished service in the Seven Years'War and is said to have written extensively on Rosicrucianism, alchemy and magic. Stanislas n Augustus King of Poland. (See Stanislas). William Augustus, Crown Prince of Prussia (1722-1758) Member of the Hohenzollern line and brother of Frederick the Great. Not successful as a military leader and deprived of command in 1757 by Frederick. Father of Frederick William II, who succeeded Frederick the Great as king of Prussia. Member of Three Globes Lodge, Berlin. (Lodge Drei Weltkugeln) William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland b. April 26, 1721 in London. Initiated in 1743.. Dr. Isaac Auld (1769-1827) Physician and 3rd grand commander, Supreme Council (SJ) (1822-26). b. Pennsylvania. Received the 33째, January 19, 1802. Died at his home "Edingsville" on Edisto Island, south of Charleston,' S.C., Oct. 17, 1827.


Stephen F. Austin Henry S. Aurand Lieut. General U.S. Army. b. April 21, 1894 at Tamaqua, Pa. Graduate of West Point, 1915. Promoted through grades to lieutenant general in 1948. Major in Ord. dept. during WW1. Carndg. general 6th Service Command 1942-44; comdg. officer Normandy base section, 1944; corndg. general Service of Supplies, China Theater, 1945; 6th Service Command, 1946; Africa-Middle East Theater, 1946; director of research and development War Dept. General Staff 1946-48; director of logistics General Staff from 1948. Retired. Member of Shamokin Lodge No. 255, Shamokin, Pa,,; Hawaiian Chapter No.9, National Sojourners and president of latter in 1952.

that on some of his trips abroad he was made a Mason in London." It is noted that in his statements to the Spanish authorities in December of 1820 he answered he was 53 years old, a Catholic, and former subject of the King of Spain. This is not unusual, however, for Sam Houston q.v. the first president of the Republic, who founded the G.L. of Texas was also a Catholic. Only Catholics could hold land under the Spanish rule" Stephen F. Austin (1793-1836) American colonizer of Texas sometimes called "The Father of Texas." b. Nov. 8, 1793 in Wythe Co"' Va.., son of Moses (1761-1821) Austin, settling in Missouri in 1798. He became a member of the Missouri Territorial Legislature in 1814 and served until 1820. It was in this year that his father gained a tract of land in what is now Texas. The father died before he could start his colonization efforts and Stephen took over the project, becoming a leader in the first colony of U.S. settlers in Texas. In Missouri he was initiated in Louisiana Lodge No. 109 (first lodge West of the Mississippi) at Stet Genevieve, on June 23, 1815 at the age of 22. The lodge was then under Pennsylvania charter. In Texas he headed the first attempt to establish a lodge when in 1828 several Masons petitioned the Yorkino G.L. of Mexico for a charter. He was named to be the first master, but the petition was lost and the lodge never founded. From 1822-32 he directed the government in the colony, encouraging immigration from the U.S. and maintaining peace and order. He was imprisoned in Mexico City (183334) for urging Texas statehood and separation from Coahuila.. Although he was defeated for the presidency (first) of Texas in 1836 b~ General Sam Houston q"V., he became :first secretary of state of the Republic of Texas and was commander-in-chief of the Army of Texas. Austin, Texas is

John C. W. Austin Architect. b. Feb. 13, 1870 at Bodicote, England. An architect in Los Angeles, Calif. since 1894. Designed and supervised

construction of following Los Ange..; les buildings: Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce, California State Building, St. Vincent's Hospital, Griffith Observatory, and Saint Paul's Church. Collaborated in design and construction of Los Angeles City Hall. Past president of Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce. 32 0 AASR (8J) and member Al Malaikah Shrine Temple, Los Angeles.

Moses Austin (1765-1821) Secured a grant of 200,000 acres in the province of Texas (under New Spain) on Jan. 17, 1821, but died on his return trip to home in Missouri. His son Stephen F. Austin q.v. carried out the colonization by his father's dying request the following year. Although his Masonic membership has never been established, a biographer (AdelIa Breckenridge Moore) states in the Congressional Record, March 21, 1949 that "From things read in his printed letters I believe Moses Austin to have been a Mason, and it might have been



Warren R. Austin named for him, as is a Masonic lodge in that state. d. Dec. 27, 1836.

Warren R. Austin United States Representative to United Nations (1947-50). b. Nov. 12, 1877 at Highgate, Vt. Admitted to Vt. bar in 1902. Served as mayor of St. Albans in 1909 and U.s. Senator being elected in 1931, 1934 and 1940. As a special ambassador of the president, he served as U.S. advisor to the United Nations in 1946, and in 1947 was named as the United States first ambassador to the U.N. with rank of ambassador E. and P. While with the U.N. he served as our representative on the Security Council, made a goodwill mission to Cuba in 19~50 and was official guest of Dominican Republic, Haiti, Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico. He was chairman of Committee for Permanent Headquarters. In 1951 he was recipient of the Distinguished Achievement medal of the G.L. of New York. He was raised in Brattleboro Lodge No. 102 at Burlington, V t. and later affiliated with Franklin Lodge No.. 4, St. Albans. A Knight Templar and Shriner he received 33° AASR in September, 1944. Gene Autry Singer, actor, producer, writer of screen, stage, radio and TV. b. Sept. 29, 1907 at Tioga, Texas. Graduated from Tioga high school in 1925. Began as a railroad telegraph operator in Sapulpa, Okla. in 1925.. Autry made first phonograph record of cowboy songs in 1929; radio artist WLS, Chicago, 1930-34; motion picture director since 1934; actor since 19-34. His first picture was In Old Santa Fe and since that time he has starred in 55 musical .Western feature pictures. Joined Army Air Force in 1942 as technical sergeant and discharged in 1945 as flight officer. With the advent of TV after WW2 he produced and starred in many productions. He has written over 250 songs including Silver-Haired Daddy of

Mine (1931); You're the Only Star in My Blue Heaven (1938); Dust (1938); Tears on My Pillow (1941); Be Honest With Me (1941); Tweedle O'Twill (1942) . Raised in Catoosa Lodge No. 185, Catoosa, Okla. in 1927. Life member of Long Beach, Calif. AASR (32°) and life member of AI Malaika Shrine Temple, Los Angeles, Calif. George W. Auxier Writer, politi.. cal analyst, government official. b. Nov. 27, 1905 Paintsville, Ky. A.B. and M.A. Miami Dniv., Ph.D. Ohio State Univ. Served as supt. Federal archives, Ohio; research asst. in Library of Congress; asst. editor Territorial Papers or U.S., Dept. of State; liaison officer Office of Censorship; historical officer, War Department, General Staff 1942-44; principal policy analyst, Office of Executive Sec. W.P.R., 1944-45; chief policy analysis staff, bureau of demobilization, 194546; asst. general managers office U.S. Atomic Energy Commission 1947; principal policy analyst U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, 1947. General director research and reports National Security Resources Board since 1947. Member of Takoma Park Lodge No. 29, Takoma p'ark, Md. Author of many books and articles, historical and current. HenryG. Avers (1886-1947) Math.. ematician. Chief mathematician of Geodetic Survey since 1924. Member of National Geographic Society Committee of experts which determined that Commdr. Byrd q.v. reached the North Pole by airplane in 1926 and the South Pole in 1929. Mason 32° AASR, Shriner. d. Jan. 19, 1947. Christopher L. Avery Justice, Supreme Court of Connecticut, 1929-42 (retired). b. Sept. 4, 1872. Graduate of Yale, A.B. 1893, LL.B. 189-7. Admitted to N.Y. bar in 1897 and· moved to Connecticut in 1903. Judge, Superior Court of Conn. 1920-29. Served


Miguel de Azcuenaga as quartermaster, u.s. Navy in Spanish American War. Member of House of Representatives, 1913. Mason.

Reserve Bank Building and Municipal Auditorium, all of San Antonio, Texas. Collaborated in Blind Institute, Austin, and Administration Building, Randolph Field, Texas. Mason, 32 0 AASR (8J).

Ray L. Avery Brigadier General, U.S. Army. b. July 15, 1884, Manchester, N.H. Graduate West Point, 1908. Advanced through grades to brigadier general in 1940. Commanding general, Edgewood Arsenal, Md. 1940-46. Retired, 1946. Mason.

George F. Ayers (1865-1913) President of LindenwQod Female 'College, St. Charles, Mo., 1902-13. b. May 17, 1865 at Hannibal, Mo. Active Presbyterian, author and Mason. d. Oct. 23, 1913. William A. Ayers Congressman from Kansas 64th to 66th Congresses (1915-21) and 68th to 73rd Congresses (1923-35), resigning upon appointment as Federal Trade Commissioner in 1934, reappointed in 1940 and again in 1947. Mason 33 0 AASR, Shriner. d. Feb. 17, 1952. Sir George Aylwen Lord Mayor of London (circa 1949-51) J unlor grand warden of the G.L. of Mark Masters of England and Wales, installed Sept. 6, 1949. William Edmonstoune Aytoun (1812-6路5) Scottish poet and parodist. Educated at Univ. of Edinburgh and at Aschaffenburg, Germany. He began contributions to Blackwood's in 1836; professor of rhetoric and belles letters, Univ. of Edinburgh, 1845. Author of Poland, Homer, and Other Poems (1832); Lays of the Scottish Cavaliers (1848); Firmilian a Spasmodic Tragedy (1854) and Poems and Ballads of Goethe (1858). Annotated collection of Ballads of Scotland, (1858). Active member the Scottish grand lodge and representative there of the Grand Lodge Royal York of Germany.

William H. Avery Congressman from Kansas, 84th Congress. b. Aug. 11, 1911, .Wakefield, Kansas. Fanner, stockman, 19'35-55; member Kansas state legislature, 1951-55. Received degrees in Wakefield Lodge No. 396, Wakefield, Kansas in 1954-55-56.

S. B. Axtell Former governor of New Mexico and Utah. Member of

Amador Lodge No. 65, Jackson, Calif. John Thomas Axton ( 1870.. ? ) Chief of chaplains, U.S.A. b. July 28, 1870, Salt Lake City, Utah.. General

secretary to YMCA 189~-1902. Chaplain u.s. Army, 1902 and in 1920 appointed colonel and chief of chaplams; retired in 1928. Served in P .1. twice, Mexican border 5 years and duty at Port of Embarkation, Hoboken, N.J., WW1. He officiated at the interment of America's unknown soldier at Arlington National Cemetery Nov. 11, 1921. Mason. deceased. Charles




Governor of North Carolina, 1901-05. b. Nov. 1, 1859 at Fremont, N.C. De-

grees from Univ. of North Carolina and Univ. of Maine. Practiced law

at Goldsboro, N.C. Served as county superintendent of schools, U.S. district attorney. His bust is in Statuary Hall, U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C. He served as grand orator of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina in 1897. d. April 4, 1912.

Miguel de Azcuenaga (1754-1833) Argentine patriot.. Helped defend the city of Buenos Aires against the :first British attack. Was active in the May 1810 revolution and was part of the first "junta" or governing council. Later appointed chief of the general staff.

Atlee B. Ayers Architect. b. July 12, 1874, Hillsboro, Ohio. Architect in San Antonio since 1899. Architect

of Smith-Young Plaza Hotel, Federal


B Irving B. Babcock President of General Motors Truck Corp. since 1935. b. June 25, 1891 at Milwaukee, Wis. LL.B. DePaul Univ. in 1916. Also president and director of Yellow Truck & Coach Mfg. Co., vice president of General Motors Corp. since 1943 and director of several large corporations. 32掳 AASR.

Catherine Sweet Babin.gton (18151886) A woman, who was said to have received the first three degrees of Freemasonry. Although the statement has been seriously questioned, there are several strong arguments in its favor. Her death notice which appeared in the Shelby AUTora" Shelby, N.C. which was edited by a Freemason stated: "At her death she was the only female Mason in the United States, and was well versed in the mysterious workings of the Blue Lodge. Having overheard the secrets of Masonry when she was a girl of 16 years, it was thought best to initiate her as a member and thus prevent any disclosure." Sometime after her death, her son, J. P. Babington, a member of Cleveland Lodge 202, Shelby, N.C., (later Lee Lodge No. 253 at Taylorsville, N.C.) wrote a biography of his mother entitled Biography of Mrs. Catherine Ba.bington, the Only Woman Mason in the WarId, and How She Became a Blue Lodge Mason. It is said she hid herself in a pulpit of a lodge room in Princess Furnace, Kentucky .and watched each meeting for a year and a half before being discovered by an uncle. After much discussion, the lodge obligated her but did not admit her to membership. It was claimed

that she kept herself posted on Freemasonry until a short time before her death but never attempted to visit a lodge. It has been pointed out that there was never 路a regular lodge situated at or near Princess Furness (now.Princess), Ky.

John Christian Bach (173S-1782) Musician, composer. One of the four sons of composer John Sebastian Bach-all of whom were musicians of importance. Known as "the Milan or London Bach," he was cathedral organist at Milan in 1760 and music master to Queen Charlotte Sophia, London in 1762. He was co-founder of Bach-Abel concerts in 1765 and composed operas, arias, cantatas, chamber music, symphonies and overtures. He was an early member of the Lodge of the Nine Muses No. 235 in London. Nahum J. Bachelder (1854-1934) Governor of New.Hampshire, 1903-05. b. Sept. 3, 1854 at Andover, N.H. He was a farmer. Mason. d. April 22, 1934. Irving A. Bacheller (1859-1950) American novelist. b. Sept. 26, 1859 at Pierpont, N.Y. He' was actively connected with the New York press for years and was an editor of the New York World from 1898-1900. When presented with the medal for distinguished achievement in the field of art by the Grand Lodge of New York in 1937 he said: "My brothers, it seems very long ago-exactly, I think it was in 1898 (ra.ised Dec. 5, 1899)--when I was a nnember of the editorial staff of路the New York World -that my friend Jules Chambers pro42

Robert Baddeley 1839 at Bryan Co., Ga. Graduate of Univ. of Georgia in 1860 and practiced law at Macon. Mason. d. Feb. 14, 1914. Francis Bacon (1561-1626) English philosopher and author. Raised to peerage as 1st Baron of Verulam after serving as solicitor general (1609) attorney general (1613) and Lord chancellor (1618). Famous for his Essays; History of Henry VII; Advancement of Learning and other important works. Thought by some to be a Rosecrucian whose New At'l,antis was an early influence on the development of the craft. Frank Bacon (1864-1922) Actor and writer. b. Jan. 16, 1864 at Marysville, Calif. Wrote Lightnin' in collaboration with Winchell Smith, which had long Broadway run. Appeared in stage hits such as Alabama; Pudd'n Head Wilson; Me and Grant; Cinderella Man; Fortune Hu,nter and many others. Mason. d. Nov. 19, 1922. Robert L. Bacon (1884-1938) Congressman from N.Y.. , 68th to 75th Congresses. b. July 23, 1884 at Boston, Mass. Served with field artillery in WW1. Mason. d. Sept. 12, 1938. Walter W. Bacon Governor of Delaware 1941-49. b. Jan. 20, 1880 at Newcastle, Del. Served as treasurer of Buick Motor Co., Flint, Mich., 1918-30 when he retired from business. Served as mayor of Wilmington, Del. 1935-41, resigning to accept office of governor. Member of St. John's Lodge No.2, New Castle, Del., being raised July 2, 1902. In 1915 he was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Delaware. Member of St. John's Chapter, No.4, R.A.M. of Wilmington and past high priest. Member of St. John's Commandery, No.1, K.T., Wilmington and past commander. Member of Delaware Consistory, AASR (NJ) and 33 0 • Also member of Shrine, Tall Cedars, National Sojourners. Robert Baddeley Comedian of

Jesse M. Bader Drury Lane Theatre (London). A member of St. Alban's Lodge No. 29, London. Jesse M. Bader General secretary, World Convention of Churches of Christ (president in 1930). b. April 15, 1886. A pastor in Christian Church since 1905. Member of Washington Lodge No.5, Atchison, Kansas. Harry A. Badt Commodore u.s. Navy. b. Sept. 22, 1884 at Tyler, Texas. Graduated u.s. Naval Academy, 1908 and advanced through grades to commodore in 1944. Commanding offlcer U.S.S. Simpson 1923-24; commanding officer Aleutian Islands survey expedition in 1933; director of recruiting for U.S. Navy 19!35~37; commanding officer U.S.S. Tuscaloosa 1938-40; director of enlisted personnel U.S. Navy 1940-42. Retired in 1947. Mason. Milton B. Badt Justice, Supreme Court of Nevada since 19'47. b. July 8, 1884 at San Francisco, Calif. Admitted to California bar in 1909. Raised in Elko Lodge No. 15, Elko, Nev. on Feb. 12, 1918, serving as its master in 1924. Member of Valley of Reno AASR (SJ), Elko Chapter No. 17 O.E.S. and Kerak Shrine Temple, Reno, Nev. William A. Baehr (1873-1943) Utilities corporations president. b. Sept. 15, 1873 at Oshkosh, Wis. Graduated University of Wisconsin in 1894. President of the following: North Continent Utilities Corp., Great Falls Gas Co., Great Northern Utilities Co., Elk River Power & Light Co., Denver Ice & Cold Storage Co., Western Railways Ice Co., North Shore Coke & Chemical Co., North Shore Gas Co., the S. W. Shattuck Chemical Co., and North Continent Mines, Inc. He was director of many other corporations. Mason. d. Feb. 18, 1943. Arthur P. Bagby (1794-1858) Governor of Alabama, U.S. Senator, Min-

ister to Russia. b. 1794 in Virginia. Settled in Alabama in 1818 and gained a reputation as a lawyer. Member of state legislature and speaker of the house in 1820-22. Governor of Alabama from 1837-41. Member of the U.S'. Senate from 1841-48 and in 1848-49 was minister to Russia. Served as grand orator of the Grand Lodge of Alabama. d. Sept. 21, 1858. Charles L. Bagley Vice president American Federation of Musicians since 1931. b. April 24, 1873 at Tipton, Iowa. Was formerly a professional musician. Graduated University of Southern California in 1910 and ad.. mitted to California bar in 1909 and has practiced in California since 1911. He was raised in Hollenbeck Lodge No. 319, Los Angeles on Aug. 31, 1897 and demitted about 1911 to Sil.. ver Trowel Lodge No. 415 of Los Angeles, serving as master in 1918. Member of Signet Chapter No.. 57, R.A.M., Los Angeles Council, No. 11, R. & S.M. and Los Angeles Commandery No.9, K.T. all of Los Ange.. lese 32.0 AASR in Valley of Los Angelest Served as patron of Daylight Chapter No. 265, O.E.S. in 1915, 1925, 1929 and member of AI Malaikah Shrine Temple. John J. Bagley (1832-1881) Governor of Michigan. b. July 24, 1832 at Medina, N.Y. Emigrated in early life to Michigan and at age of 15 was emplayed in a tobacco factory in De.. trait. He later began a tobacco business of his own and operated it with financial success until his death. He was elected governor in 1872 and again in 1874. His administration was marked by benefits to educational and charitable institutions. Member of Charity Lodge No. 94, Detroit, Mich. d. July 27, 1881. William E. Bahl Vice president of The National Cash Register Co. since 1947 (in charge of manufacturing). b. Feb. 8, 1889 at Zimmerman, Ohio,


Leonard H. Bailey

Univ. Active representative of M.E. church in jurisdictional and general conferences. Received certificate from Oklahoma Memorial Assn. in 1933 "for distinguished services to the State of Oklahoma." 32째 AASR (SJ).

he started with the above company as an apprentice in 1906. Past master of his lodge. Karl Friederich Bahrdt (1741-1792) German doctor of theology. A Free.. mason, who with other Freemasons founded the "Gennan Union" or the "Two and Twenty" society at Halle. It was not Masonic but its object was the enlightenment of mankind. It was dissolved in 1790 by the imprisonment of Bahrdt for libel of Prussian Minister Woellner. Bahrdt was described by one of his biographers as being "notorious alike for his bold infidelity and for his evil life." Philip Milo Bail President Municipal University, Omaha, Nebr. since 1948. b. June 26, 1898. Attended Missouri Valley College and University of Iowa, receiving Ph.D. in 1931. Member of George W. Lininger Lodge No. 268, Omaha, Nebr.; 32째 AASR (8J) at Omaha and Tangier Shrine Temple,. Omaha. Carl E. Bailey (1894-1948) Governor of Arkansas 1937-41. b. Oct. 8, 1894 at Bernie, Mo. Worked as a laborer, farmer, school teacher, accountant and began law practice in 1924. Served as attorney general of Arkansas 1935-37. Mason. d. Oct. 23, 1948. Received 32째 at Little Rock, May 25, 1928. Cassius M. Bailey (1876-1935) President of Lydia Cotton Mills, Clint on, S .C. b . N O V22 . , 1876 a t CIin ton, . . S.. C Mason. d . J u 1y 5, 1935 Francis L. Bailey President of .Gorh am Stat e T eachers C 0 11ege, G orham., Maine since 1940. b. Nov. 18, 1894 at Wyman, Mich. Graduate of Univ. of Michigan and Columbia Univ. 32째 AASR and Shriner.

Joseph E. Bailey Union General in Civil War. Member of Columbia Lodge No. 124, Wisconsin Dells, Wis,.

Frank M. Bailey Justice, Supreme Court of Oklahoma, 1919-21. b. Sept. 27, 1876 at Winona, Miss. Began .law practice at Chickasha, Okla. in 1901. Retired to private law practice in 1921. Trustee of Southern Methodist

Leonard H. Bailey Architect. b. London, Eng., Aug. 12, 1880, coming to U.S. in 1903 and naturalized in 1917. President of Allied Architects who designed the city hall, Civic Center, Rogers Courts, Masonic Tem45

George W. Bailey (1856-1909) Justice of Supreme court of Colorado, 1905-09. b. March 8, 1856 at St. Louis, Mo. Admitted to bar 1885. d. 1909.

Guy W. Bailey (1876-1940) President of University of Verm.ont from 1920. b. May 7, 1876 at Hardwick, Vt. Admitted to bar in 1904 but never practiced. Secretary of state of Vermont, 1908-17. Mason. d. Oct. 22, 1940. James E. Bailey (1822-?) U.S. Senator from Tennessee. b. Montgomery Co., Tenn., Aug. 15, 1822. Educated at Clarksville (Tenn.) Academy and Univ. of Nashville. Was admitted to bar and began practice at Clarksville in 1843. Elected to Tennessee lower house in 1853. Served in the Confederate army and was elected U.S. Senator from Tennessee in place of Andrew J'ohnson in 1876. Member of Clarksville Lodge No. 89, Clarksville, Tenn. John O. Bailey Judge, Supreme Court of Oregon from 1933. b. Sept. 26, '1880 at Grinnell, Iowa. Graduate Harvard School, 1906. Assistant atty. general of Oregon, 1915-20. Member house of representatives, 1925-29 and state senate 1929-33. Raised in Doric Lodge No. 132, Portland, Oregon about 1920. Member of Mt. Hood Chapter No. 50, R.A.M., Portland and Oregon Commandery No.1.

Theodorus Bailey pIe, Wesley M.E. Church and Liberty Theatre-all of Oklahoma City and many military buildings. Raised in Oklahoma City Lodge No. 36 in 1904. He was the last master of Oklahoma 3, which was changed to No. 36 when Indian Territory became the state of Oklahoma and was charter master of No. 36. Served as district deputy grand master in 1907-09. Member of Cyrus Chapter No,. 7, R.A.M. and Bethlehem Commandery, K.T., of Oklahoma City. A Shriner and past patron o£ Eastern Star chapter No. 10. Theodorus Bailey (1805-1877) Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy. b. April 12, 1805 in Chateaugay, N.Y. Appointed midshipman in 1818 and remained with American Navy until retired in 1866 as a rear admiral. In early years served on the Cyane, Franklin, Vincennes, Constellation, and Lexington. Took part in the Mexican War. At start of Civil war he commanded the frigate CoLorado off Pensacola. Second in command of Farragut's squadron at New Orleans, he led the attack in the gunboat Cayuga. He ran the fire of :five forts and was sent by Farragut to demand the surrender of New Orleans, at which time he coined the phrase "Iron Hearts and Wooden Ships." He later commanded the eastern Gulf blockading squadron. After war he was commander of the Portsmouth navy yard. He was raised in Washington Lodge No. 21, New York City on March 3, 1829. d. Feb. 10, 1877. Thomas L. Bailey (1888-1946) Governor of Mississippi, term of 1944-48. b. Jan. 6, 1888 at Maben, Miss. Admitted to bar in 1913. Member of Mississippi legislature from 1916-40 and speaker from 1924-36. Mason and Shriner. d. Nov. 2, 1946. Walter C. Bain Aircraft executive. Vice president, general manager and director of the Republic Aviation Corporation, Farmingdale, LJ., N.Y.

b. June 20, 1910 at Springfield, ID. Started as a metallurgist with Allis Chalmers Mfg. Co. in 1936. Entered service USAAF as a cadet in 1932 and rose in rank to major general. Released from service in 1953. A Mason. George W. Baird (1843-1930) Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy. b. April 22, 1843 at Washington, D.C. Appointed 3rd assistant engineer, U.S. Navy, Sept. 19, 1862 and promoted through grades retiring with rank of rear admiral, April 22, 1905. He superintended the construction and designed the special machinery of the Albatross, famous deep sea exploring vessel. He was initiated in the French lodge Tolerancia (Tolerence) at Lisbon, Portugal on July 23, 1867 and received his FC and MM degrees one week later. In 1879 he affiliated with Naval Lodge No. 87 at Vallejo, Calif., withdrawing in 1872 to Hope Lodge No. 20, Washington, D.C. where he served as master and in 1896 was grand master of the G.L. of the District of Columbia. Baird wrote a widely published series of articles entitled Great Men Who W ere Masons~ He received his 32° AASR (SJ) at Washington on Aug~ 21, 1897, KCCH on Oct. 19, 1899 and 33° on Oct. 25, 1901. d. Oct. 4, 1930 at Washington. Sir Robert Baird Former owner and publisher of the Belfast Tele.. graph (Ireland) and grand treasurer of the G.L. of Ireland. Also was a member of several L,ondon lodges. In 1929 a portrait bust of Baird was presented to the Belfast Museum and Art Gallery. Albert Z. Baker President of Rotary International (1955), president of the American Stockyards Assn. and chairman of board of Cleveland Union Stockyards Co. A member of Lakewood Lodge No. 601, Cleveland Chapter No. 148 R.A.M., Forest City Council No. 111, Forest City Commandery No. 40, 'K.T. and AI Koran 46

James M. Baker

the Alexandria-Washington Lodge in Virginia. Earl D. Baker Newspapennan and publisher. b. Apr. 14, 1898, Spencer Co., Ind. Associated with ScrippsHoward Newspapers since 1918 in Evansville, Ind., Terre Haute, Ind., Washington, D.C. and San Francisco. President of the Washington Daily News from 1938-1947 and assistant general business manager of ScrippsHoward papers since 1937. Business manager of The San Francisco News since 1947. Raised in Humboldt Lodge No. 42, Terre Haute, Ind. about 1927. 32째 AASR at Evansville, Ind. Member Almas Shrine Temple Wash.

Temple, all of Cleveland. In the AASR (N.J.) he received his 33째 in

1945. Bryant Baker Sculptor. b. July 8, 1881 in London, England. Graduated from Royal Academy of Arts, Lon... don in 1910. His portrait bust of Ed.. ward VII was Queen Alexandra's favorite. He did busts of many English notables and of Prince Olav of

Norway before coming to America in 1916. Here he has made busts from life of President Coolidge, Col. John Coolidge, Senators H. C. Lodge, W. A. Clark, J. H. Bankhead, generals. Pershing, March and Gorgas, Chief Justices White, Taft and Hughes; John Hays Hammond, Herbert Hoover, Newton Baker, Josephus Daniels, Percival Lowell, George Harvey, Cordell Hull and heroic bronze statue of Chief Justice Edward D. White, New Orleans. He has done heroic bronze statues of Grover Cleveland, Millard Fillmore and Young Lincoln at Buffalo, N.Y. For Delaware's Statuary Hall he executed marble statues of patriots Caesar Rodney and John M. Clayton. His Gov. Reuben Fenton statue is at Jamestown, N.Y. and the Bishop Freeman memorial is in the National Cathedral in Washington. His heroic 17-ft. bronze of George Washington at the Washington Masonic National Memorial in Alexandria was unveiled by President Trurnan,Feb.22,1950.Frisidealvvorks in permanent collections include Ero's at Manchester City Art Gallery, Memory at Hull City Art Gallery in England and Pioneer Woman statue in Ponca City, Oklahoma, the latter winning him the Marland competition in a field of 12 top sculptors. Baker is a member of Constitutional Lodge No. 294 at Beverly, Yorkshire, England. He has been instrumental in keeping very much alive the communications between his home lodge in Beverly, England and Beverly Lodge in Massachusetts, as well as



Howard H. Baker Congressman from Tennessee to 82nd Congress (1951-53). b. Jan. 12, 1902 at Somerset, Ky. Admitted to bar in 1924. Member of Tennessee legislature, 1929-30. Nominee for governor of Tenn. in 1938 and U.s. Senator in 1940. Mason, 32째 AASR and Shriner. James C. Baker Bishop, Methodist Church. b. June 2, 1879 at Sheldon lli. Received degrees from nlinoi~ Wesleyan, Boston University and attended Cornell, College of the Pacific and Univ. of Southern Calif. Entered M.E. ministry iIi 1900 and was organizer and he?-d of the Wesley Foundation Univ. of Ill. (the first Wesley Foundation in the country). Elected bishop of Methodist Episcopal Church in 1928 and assigned to supervision work in Japan, Korea and Manchuria. Later assigned to California area, and a delegate to General Conference in 1916, '20, '28 and Oxford Conference in 1947. President of Council of Methodist Bishops, 1948-49. Member of Acacia Fraternity at Univ. of illinois. Raised in McLean Lodge No. 469, McLean, Ill. in 1906. 32째 AASR at Bloomington, TIL

James M. Baker (1861-1940) Diplomat and government official b. Aug.


John F. "Home Run l l Baker

18, 1861 at LO"W11desville, S.C. Assistant librarian U.S. Senate, 1893-1913. Elected secretary of U.S. Senate in 1913. Deputy commissioner Internal Revenue Bureau, U.S. Treasury 191921. Private law practice 1921-31. American minister to Siam by ap.. pointment of Franklin Roosevelt in 1933, resigning in 1937 due to ill health. Mason. d. Nov. 21, 1940. John F. "Home Run" Baker Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame. b. March 13, 1886 at Trappe, Maryland. Elected to the Cooperstown Hall of Fame in 1955.. Member Coats Lodge No. 102 at Easton, Md.

Leonard T. Baker (1868-1955) President of University of South Carolina, 1944, and president emeritus from 1946. b. Jan. 22, 1868, serving the University of South Carolina as professor, administrator, acting president, vice president and dean. Mason. d. Jan. 5, 19'55. Milton G. Baker President of Valley Forge Military Academy since 1928. Commanding general of Pennsylvania National Guard, 1943-46; major general U.S. director civilian defense, Philadelphia 1941-42. b. Aug. 24, 1896 at Philadelphia. Served in WWl 1917-21 and Pennsylvania National Guard 1921-46. Mason and 32掳 AASR.

adjutant general of Iowa, a position he held until his death on Sept. 11, 1876. A member of Western Star Lodge No. 100, Clinton, Iowa. Phil Baker Comedian of radio and stage since the early 1930's. Raised in Keystone Lodge No. 235, New York City. Baker once said "1 belong to various organizations, but I have al" ways felt that my membership in Masonry has been nearest my heart. One of the grandest compliments ever paid me was my acceptance into the fraternity."

Samuel A. Baker (1874-1933) Governor of Missouri 1925-28. b. Patterson, Mo., Nov. 7,1874. LL.D. Missouri Valley College. Teacher, principal and superintendent of schools in vari.. ous Missouri cities from 1895 to 1919. State superintendent of schools of Missouri from 1919 to 1923. d. Sept. 16, 1933. Member of Jefferson Lodge No. 43, Jefferson City Chapter No. 34 and Prince of Peace Commandery No. 29, all of Jefferson City, Mo.. He was grand orator of the Grand Lodge of Missouri in 1926 and delivered an oration on the support of the public school system and religious institutions.

Simon S. Baker (1866-1932) President of Washington and Jefferson College, 1921-22. b. July 11, 1866 in Washington Co., Pa. Graduated Washington and Jefferson B.S. and M.S., LL.D. University of Pittsburgh 1923. Served in public school system of Pittsburgh for 25 years. Mason. d. Oct. 11, 1932.

Nathaniel B. Baker (1818-1876) Governor of New Hampshire. b. Sept. 29, 1818 in Henniker, N.H. Graduate of Harvard in 1839 and admitted to bar in 1842. Joint owner and editor of the New Hampshire Patriot for three years. Served two terms in state legislature starting in 1851 and was speaker of the house. Presidential elector in 1852,路 and in 1854 was elected governor of New Hampshire, serving until 1855. In 1856 he moved to Clinton, Iowa where he practiced law. Served in" the Iowa legislature in 1859..61 when he was appointed

Walter C.. Baker Major General U.S. Army. b. Sept. 22, 1877 at Chester, Pa. Graduate of Coast Artillery School, Army War College, Command and General Staff School, Army Industrial' College and Chemical Warfare School. Served as enlisted man in Spanish American War with 6th Penn. Vol. Infantry, advancing 48

Alexander Dmitrievich Balashov through grades in U.S. Army to major general in 1937. Served as an officer in WWl and recalled to active duty in WW2 serving from 1941-44. Mason.

Walter R. G. Baker Vice president of General Electric Co. b. Nov. 30, 1892 at Lockport, N.Y. Began as electrical engineer with General Electric in 1916; managing engineer of radio dept. 1928-30; vice president in charge of engineering and manufacturing R.C.A. Mfg. Co. 1930-36; head of radio engineering manufacturing and sales General Electric 1936-39; manager radio and television department, 19'39-41. Since 1941 he has been director of many banks and corporations including General Electric (International); G. E. Supply Corp. and G. E. Credit Corp. Mason. William C. Baker Vice president of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad since

1948 in charge of maintenance and operation. b. Feb. 18, at Baltimore, Md. Began with the B. & O. in 1906 as a clerk, advancing through assist.. ant train master, train master, assistant superintendent, superintendent, general superintendent and general manager. Mason.

H. Sheridan Baketel (1872-1955) Physician, co-founder and editor of Medical Economics. b. Nov. 15, 1872. M.D. Boston College and post graduate work at Harvard Medical. Practiced in New York since 1910. Writer and editor for many medical publications. Urology was his specialty. He was vice president and chairman of the board of Columbia University College of Pharmacy from 1938-1942. Wrote several medical books. Mason, 32 0 AASR and Shriner. d. July 7, 1955.

Norris C. Bakke Chief justice, Supreme Court of Colorado, 1945 and general counsel F.D.I.C. since March, 1947. b. Apri119, 1894. Degrees from University of Chicago and graduate work at Harvard. Admitted to Colorado bar, 1920. Attorney general of Colorado, 1933-36; associate justice, Supreme Court of Colorado 1936-45 and chief justice in 1945. Named associate general counsel F.D.I.C. Washington, March, 1947. Active in Salvation Army and many church and religious organizations. Raised in Sterling Lodge No. 54 in October, 1920. Member of Denver Consistory No. 2 AASR (SJ) and El Jebel Shrine Temple, Denver. Alexander

Dmitrievich Balashov Governor general of several Russian- provinces and Minister of Police from 1810-1816 under Alexander I. He was an aide-de-camp to Emperor Alexander I q.v. It is thought that he was directed by the government to join Freemasonry so that it could be brought under control of the ruling circle. He was appointed Minister of Police on March 28, 1810 and in August of that year wrote the masters of all lodges that the government was going to examine their records and rules of the society inasmuch as some of the members had through their imprudence given cause for ignorant and malicious forms of

William E. Baker (1873-?) Judge, District Court, Northern District of West Virginia since 1921. b. Feb. 25, 1873 at Beverly, W. Va. A.B. and LL.B. at Western Virginia University, 1896. Knight Templar, 32째 AASR and Shriner. Deceased.



William E. Baker Vice president of Serve!, Inc. b. Dec. 11, 1887 at Rushton, Ill. Graduate of Rose Poly. Institute. Started as an apprentice of Westinghouse Electric in 1911, serving as production engineer of several companies from 1912-16. Superintendent of Delco Products Corp., 1916-24; vice president The Day Fan Electric Co. 1924-29. Mason, Shriner.


Antonio Gonzalez Balcarce misjudgments. He then called in the four masters of the Petersburg lodges and asked them if they wanted official government protection-or toleration. Rather than become a governmental agency they chose toleration. It was not until 12 years later that Freemasonry was forever banned by Alexander I. Antonio Gonzalez Balcarce (17771819) Argentine patriot and general. Participated in the 1807 defense of Montevideo, Uruguay against the British. Taken prisoner, he was sent to Europe. In 1810 he returned to his native Argentina to take command of inland troops. He became Supreme Administrator in 1816. Balcarce was a member of Lautaro Lodge. Alexander, 6th Earl of Balcarres (1752-1825) Member of the Scottish family of Lindsay whose titles date from 1365 with Sir David, 1st Earl of Crawford. Was 33rd Grand Master Mason of Scotland from 1780-1781. He was forced to surrender at Ticonderoga in 1777, became governor of Jamaica 1794-1801; a general in 1803; representative Scottish peer from 1784-1825. In 1848 the House of Lords adjudged the earldom of Crawford (dormant since 1808) to his son James, 7th Earl of' Balcarres. Bernt Balchen Explorer, air pioneer, army officer, ass operator, and one of the most colorful characters of the 20th century. b.Oct. 23, 1899 at Tveit, Topdal, Norway. Educated Norway air force and artillery line; War Academy at Oslo and Horton 1918-21. Came to U.S. in 1926 and naturalized in 1931. Pilot engineer with Roald Amundsen q.v. 1925-26. Piloted The America for Admiral Byrd q.v. across the Atlantic in 1927. Pilot of the Bremen relief expedition to Greenly Island, Labrador, 1928. Chief pilot Admiral Byrd's Antarctic Expedition (piloted first fIght over south pole, Nov. 29, 1929) 1928-30;

pilot Viking Rescue Expedition to Newfoundland, 1931; chief pilot, Ellsworth Antarctic Expedition, 1933-35; chief inspector of Norwegian Airlines 1935-40 and managing director, 194648. Served with R.A.F. Ferry Command as pilot-navigator 1940-41; Transferred to U.S. Air Force, 1941, building base at BIuie West 8 on Greenland and commanding officer of this station until 1943. Chief of A.T.e. for Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, and U.S.S.R. in Stockholm, 1943-45 and during this time supported Norwegian underground resistance against German occupation forces, 1944-45. Balchen was in charge of evacuating 70,000 Russians from slave labor camps in northern Norway. Entered U.S. Air Force in 1941 and advanced to captain in 1941, then to colonel in 1942, working with the Air Force and ass in Greenland and Scandinavia from 1943-45. Stationed in Alaska since 1948. As a U.S. colonel on the ass he made 166 flights to Norway (Operation Carpetbagger) where his B-24 dropped allied agents and 700 tons of sabotage material. Project "Sonnie" required 270 trips between his base at Prestwyck, Scotland and the neutral airfields of Sweden. In these trips he evacuated 1,000 Americans who had crossed the border and 5,000 others, including Trygve Lie q.v. He is a member of Norseman Lodge No. 878 of Brooklyn, N.Y. With Admiral Byrd they dropped Masonic flags over the two poles, and Balchen dropped his Kismet Temple Shrine fez over the South Pole. He is a member of the AASR (N.J.) of New York. He helped in the staggering achievement of establishing the new air base at Thule, Greenland, 900 miles from the North Pole and was one of the organizers of the "Top of the World" Masonic Square Club at that base which 500 airmen and con~truction workers joined. In reference to this he stated "Men need 50

Howard C. Baldwin the fellowship and warmth of Masonry at 20 0 below zero." In 1954 he was

awarded the G.L. of 'New York's distinguished achievement medal. Loomis BaIdrey (1882-1954) Lawyer and grand master of Washington and Alaska, 1934-35. b. May 19, 1882 at Camden, N.J. Educated in Minnesota and New York schools, attending law school at Syracuse University. Settled in Bellingham, Wash. after his marriage in 1906 and became master of Whatcom Lodge No. 151 in 1920. He served as the Masonic reviewer for Washington for many years. Was past president of Washington State Prosecuting Attorney Assn. and past district governor of Kiwanis International. d. Aug. 8, 1954. H. Clarence Baldridge (1868-1947) Governor of Idaho two terms (1927.. 31). b. Nov. 24, 1868 at Carlock, Ill. Student at Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, TIl. 1890-93 and settled at Parma, Idaho in 1904 where he engaged in mercantile business and farming. He was a member of the Idaho house of representatives 1911-13 and the state senate 1913-15. He served as lieut. governor of Idaho 1923-27 and retired from mercantile business in 1942. Baldridge was raised in Parma Lodge No. 49, Parma, Idaho in 1923 and received 32° at Boise Nov. 21, 1929. d. June 7, 1947.

(1783-84) where he was a founder of the University of Georgia, originally Franklin College. He served in the Congress from Georgia 1790-99 and was u.s. Senator 1799-1807. It is not known where his original membership was, but he affiliated with American Union Lodge during the Revolution. Evelyn B. Baldwin (1862-1933) Arctic explorer. b. July 22, 1862 at Springfield, Mo. Graduated Northwestern College, Naperville, Ill. in 1885. Accompanied Robert E. Peary q:v. on North Greenland expedition 1893-94 as meteorologist and was meteorologist and 2nd in command of Walter Wellman's polar expedition to Franz-Josef Land 1898-99. Built and named Fort McKinley, discovered and explored Graham Bell Land, 1889. Organized and commanded BaldwinZiegler polar expedition 1901-02. He was a member of Adams Lodge No. 63, Oswego, Kansas and Lake Ontario Commandery, K.T. No.. 32 at Oswego, N.Y. Member of New York AASR. Baldwin reportedly carried Masonic flags with him on his expeditions. d.Oct. 25, 1933. Henry Baldwin (1780-1844) Associate justice U.S. Supreme Court 1830-44. b. New Haven, Conn. Congressman from Pennsylvania 1817-22. Howard C. Baldwin Corporation director. b. March 15, 1891 at Deerfield, Mich. Admitted to Michigan bar in 1912. Vice president and trustee The Kresge Foundation since 1937. Director S. S. Kresge Co. since 1931. Director of several corporations. Raised in Corinthian Lodge No. 241, Detroit, in 1916 and served as master. Member of King Cyrus Chapter No. 133, R.A.M. and Detroit Commandery No.1, K.T. being past commander. 33° AASR (N.J.) in Valley of Detroit and past master of Lodge of Per£ection. Shriner and member of Red Cross of Constantine.

Kenneth F. Baldridge

President of Central Newspaper Co., consisting of seven southern Iowa newspapers since 1930. Publisher of Bloomfield Democrat since 1909. b. May 2S, 1886 at Bloomfield, Iowa. Started as a reporter in Bloomfield in 1903. President of National Editorial Assn. in 1934; president Iowa Press Assn. 1925. Mason, Knight Templar and Shriner. Abraham Baldwin (1754-1807) Chaplain in Revolution, member of Congress of the Confederation and Constitution, signer of 1787. b. North Guilford, Conn., he moved to Georgia


F. W. Baldwin uated from Yale in 1928. With Ball Bros. Co. since 1928 as assistant secretary, vice president. Raised in Muncie Lodge No. 433, Muncie, Ind. Sept. 9, 1927. Member of Muncie Chapter No. 30, R.A.M. Muncie Council No. 16, R. & S.M., Muncie Commandery No. 18, 32째 AASR at Indianapolis. Murat Shrine Temple and St. J ames Conclave, Red Cross of Constantine, both of Indianapolis. Commander of Muncie Commandery in 1938, grand com.. mander of Grand Commandery, K.T. of Indiana in 1946-47; grand treasurer of Grand Encampment, K.T. U.S.A. in 19'55.

F. W. Baldwin Brigadier General, U. S. Army.. Mason and member of National Sojourners.. Joseph C. Baldwin Congressman from New York 77th to 79th Congresses (1941-47). b. Jan. 11, 1897, New York City. A reporter and associate editor on several New York papers.. President and director of United Dyewood Corp. Member New York City board of alderman 1928-34 and minority leader 1929-34. Member of New York state senate 1934-36 and Constitutional Convention of 19-37. On New York City Council, 1941-47.. Mason.

Frank C. Ball (1857-1943) President of Ball Brothers, Muncie, Ind. b. Nov. 24, 1857 at Greensburg,Ohio, Ball Brothers donated seven million to educational and welfare work including buildings for Y.M.C.A., Ball Memorial Hospital and Masonic Auditorium in Muncie and J ames Whit.. comb Riley Children's Hospital at Indianapolis. Raised Nov. 15, 1891 in Muncie Lodge No. 433, Muncie, Ind. Member of Muncie Chapter No.. 30 R.A.M.; Muncie Council No . 16, R. & S.. M. and Muncie Commandery No. 18, K.T. all of Muncie, Ind. 32 0 AASR at Indianapolis, Ind.

Raymond E. Baldwin Governor of Connecticut 1939-41 and 1943-46. b. Aug. 31, 1893 at Rye, N.Y.. Admitted to Conn. bar in 1921. Member Connecticut general assembly 1931-33. U.. S. Senator from Connecticut 194649, resigning to become justice Supreme Court of Errors of Conn. since 1949. Member St. John's Lodge No.8, Stratford, Corm.. since June 6, 1929.

Lloyd G. Balfour Jewelry ,manufacturer; president and treasurer of L. G.. Balfour Co. since 1913. b . Jan. 6, 1887 at Wauseon, Ohio. LL.B. 'University of Indiana in 1907 and A.B. University of Louisville. ,Past grand consul of Sigma Chi social fraternity and fonner chairman of the National Interfraternity Conference.. 32째 AASR and Shriner.

George A. BalI (1862-1955) Glass manufacturer.. Chainnan of board of Ball Bros. Co.. at Muncie, Ind.. b. Nov. 5, 1862 at Green, Ohio.. Began manufacture of glass in partnership with four brothers at Buffalo, N.Y. in 1888, moving to Muncie the same year. Raised Dec.. 15, 1898 in Muncie Lodge No.. 433, Muncie, Ind.. Member of Muncie Chapter No. 30, R.A.M.; Mun.. cie Council No. 16, R. & S.M.; Muncie Commandery No.. 18, K.T. all of Muncie, Ind.. and 32째 AASR in Indianapolis.. Member of Murat Shrine and St. James Conclave, Red Cross of Constantine, both of Indianapolis..

Robert Arthur Lytton, 3rd Earl of Balfour Initiated Lodge Tyneside No. 714 in 1928, serving as master in 1932 and Grand Master Mason of Scotland from 1939-41. A.. P. Ball Showman. Predecessor, of P. T. Barnum as the greatest showman of his day.. Member of Western Star Lodge No.. 15, Bridgewater~ N.Y..

Edmund F. Ball President of Ball Bros. Co. of Muncie, Ind. since 1948.. b. Jan.. 8, 1905 at Muncie, Ind. Grad-

John Ball Rear Admiral, u.s.. Navy.. b. Aug. 31, 1893 at Artesia,


Robert C. Balt%ell Calif. Enlisted in Navy, 1912 and advanced through grades to rear admiral in 1944. Served on U.S.S. Aroosook with North Sea Mine Force in WWl. In naval supply branch in California, Washington, Puerto Rico, Utaht and commanding officer Naval Supply Depot, Mechanicsburg, Pa., 1948-50. Retired in June, 19'50. Member of Annapolis Lodge No. 89, Annapolis, Md. (EA 11 Dec. 1920; Fe 3 Aug. 1922; MM 22 Aug. 1922). Received his Royal Arch degree in Borinquin Chapter No.1, R.A.M. and knighted in Puerto Rico Commandery No.1, K.T., both in San Juan, P.R. in 1943, demitting in 1953 to Palo Alto Chapter No. 93 and Palo Alto Commandery No. 47 in Palo Alto, Calif. Member of Islam Shrine Temple, San Francisco .and El Camino Real Chapter No. 413 of National Sojourners being past president and regional representative for northern California. L. Heisler Ball (1861-1933) U.S. Senator from Delaware. b. Sept. 21, 1861 near Stanton, Del. Received Ph.B. from Delaware College in 1882 and M.D. from Univ. of Pennsylvania in 1885, beginning practice of medicine that same year. Served as state treasurer of Delaware 1898-1900. Delegate at large to 57th Congress, 190103. Served two terms in U.S. Senate, 1903-05, 1919-25. d. Oct. 18, 1933.

Thomas R. Ball (1896-1943)


tect and ex-congressman. b. Feb. 12, 1896 at New York City. Architect and designer of many residences and buildings in eastern Connecticut. Member

of 76th Congress (1939-41) from Connecticut. Mason, 32째 AASR. d. June 16,1943.

James Ballantyne (1772-1833) Scottish printer, who with his brother John q.v. was an intimate friend of Sir Walter Scott and published his work from 1802-08 until ruined by bankruptcy of Constable and Co. in 1826. After that he was editor of the Weekly Journal. A ,member and past master of Kelso Lodge No. 58.

John Ballantyne (1774-1821) Scottish printer who with his brother James g.?). was a friend and business associate of Sir Walter Scott, publishing his works from 1808. He was initiated in Lodge Edinburgh St. Davids, No. 36 and afterwards master of Lodge Ayr Kilwinning, known originally as Squareman's KiIwinning Lodge No. 65, Ayr, Scotland. William S. Ballenger Treasurer of Chevrolet Motor Co., Flint, Mich., 1911-25. b. Dec. 5, 1866 at Cambridge City, Ind. Secretary and treasurer of Flint Wagon Works 1888..1916. Director of Industrial Rayon Corp., Cleveland since 1930. Mason, 32째 AASR.

George W. Balloch Union general in Civil War. Member of Stansbury

Lodge No. 24, Washington, D.C. Hosea Ballou (1771-1852) Baptist clergyman and founder of the Universalist Church. b. April 20, 1771 at Richmond, N.H. He was editor of the Universalist Magazine (1819-28) and Universalist Expositor from 1830. It is not established where he first joined the fraternity, but was a member of Warren Lodge No. 23 at Woodstock, Vt. and served as master in 1807. There is also record of a "Hosea Ballou" as belonging to Mount Lebanon Lodge, Boston, Mass. (Oct. 27, 1817). Ballou died in Boston, June 7, 1852. Joseph Balsamo (see CagIiostro)

James Ballantine (1808-1877) Scottish poet and reviver of art of glass painting and maker of stained..:glass windows. Author of The Gaberlunzie's Wallet. Mason.

Lord Baltimore (see Charles Calvert) Robert C. Baltzell (1879-1950) U.S. district judge, Indiana since 1925. b.


Louis Charles Balzac

Aug. 15, 1879 at Lawrence Co., TIl. Admitted to Indiana bar in 1904. App.ointed district judge by President Coolidge. Major of infantry in WWl. Mason. d. Oct. 18, 1950.

cution of Major Andre. Member St. Paul's Lodge, Groton, Mass.

Harry H. Bandholtz (1864-1925) Major General U.S. Army. b. Dec.1S, 1864 at Constantine, Mich. Graduate U.S. Military Academy 1890, advance.. ing through grades to major general, 1923. Served with 7th Infantry during Santiago campaign and with 2nd In.. fantry in Philippine insurrection; gov.. ernor of Tayabas Province, 1902-03; in command of district of Southern Luzon, 1903; conducted campaign against Simeon ala in Albay, resulting in destruction of Ola's forces; transferred to District of Central Lu" zon in 1905 and forced surrender of outlaws Montalan, Sakay and others. Brig. general and chief of Philippine Constabulary 1907-13. In Mexican Border campaign, 19'16 and provost marshal general of A.E.F. in WWl 1918-19. Suppressed Miners' Insurrection in West Virginia in 1921, Mason, member Washington Chapter No.3, National Sojourners. d. May 7, 1925.

Louis Charles Balzac French architect and sometimes poet who wrote many Masonic cantieles in French among which is the well known hymn Taiso7tS naus, plus de bruit with music by M. Riguel. He founded the Lodge o£the Great Sphinx at Paris. Died March 31, 182(}. Fredrick B. BaIzar (1880-1934) Governor of Nevada two terms, 192734. b. June 15, 1880 at Virginia City, Nev. Engaged in nlining from 1899. Served in house of representatives (Nev.), 1905 and state senate 1909-17. Chairman state board of education from 1927. Raised Aug. 28, 1908 in Inyo Lodge No. 221 at Independence, Calif. and later affiliated with Carson Lodge No.. 1, Carson City, Nevada. Received 32 0 AASR at Reno, Dec. 17, 1920.. d. March 21, 1934.

Baldwin B. Bane Chief of Securities Division, Federal Trade Commission since 1933. He organized the division. b. Aug.. 2, 1891 at Standardsville, Va.. Degrees from RandolphMacon (1911) and Washington and Lee (1917). Practiced law in Virginia until 1922. Served as officer in WWl (France). Mason.

Simon Bamberger (1847 -1926) Governor of Utah, 1917-21. b. Feb. 27, 1847 at Darmstadt, Germany coming to U.S. in 1861 and a resident of Utah from 1869. President of Bam... berger Coal Co.; qirector Salt Lake Valley Loan & Trust Co. and Bamberger Electric Railway. Member Utah state senate 1903-07 and member Salt Lake City school board 18981903. Mason. d. Oct. 6, 1926.

John Hollis Bankhead (1842-1920) U.S. Senator £romAlabama 1906-1920, b. Sept. 13, 1842 at Moscow, Ala. Captain in 16th Alabama Volunteers (Confederate) in Civil War, 1861-65. Wounded three times.. Member Alabama house of representatives 186567 and 1880-81 and of the state senate from 1876-77. Warden of Alabama penitentiary 1881-85.. In congress was conspicuous as a leader in the work of the Commission on Public Build.. ings and Rivers and Harbors. Grand master of. G.L. of Alabama in 1883-84. d. March 1, 1920.

Desire BanceI (1822-1871) French politician, publicist and orator. Mason. Frederick Bancroft Magician. ·Mason.

George H. Bancroft Motion picture actor. Member Hollenbeck Lodge No. 319, Los Angeles, Calif. and AI Malaikah Temple of Los Angeles. Jonathan Bancroft Revolutionary War soldier who witnessed the exe54

George C. Barber Practiced at Potosi, Mo. from 191425. Administrator of State Social Security Comm. (Mo.) 1941-45. Circuit judge, 1935-36. Served in WW1 advancing from private to 1st lieutenant. General counsel, U.S. Dept. of Health and Education since 1953. Raised in Potosi Lodge No. 131 at Potosi, Mo. about 1916, serving as master in 1923. 32째 in Missouri Consistory No.1, St. Louis. Member of Ironton chapter No. 349, D.E.S.

Frank A. Banks Supervising engineer of Grand Coulee Dam (193343) and other large engineering projects. b. Dec. 4, 1883 at Saco, Maine. Began as engineer U.S. Reclamation Service, Lower Yellowstone Project in 1906. Construction engineer, J ackson Lake Dam, Wyo., 1913-16; Minidoka Project, 1916-20; American Falls Dam, 1920-26; OwyheeDam&Project, 1926-33. Acting administrator Bonneville Power Project, 1939; regional director Region 1, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, 1943-45. District man.. ager, Columbia River District since 1945. Raised May 17, 1919 in American Falls Lodge No. 58, American Falls, Idaho.

Jules Bara (1835-1900) Belgian lawyer; deputy and Minister of Justice. Mason. Charles W. Barber (1872-1943) Brigadier General U.S. Army. b.. Sept. 21, 1872. Served in Spanish-American War 1898-1899, being mustered out as a captain; served in the Philippines 1899-1908 and duty with Isthmian Canal Commission, Panama, 1908-15. Mexican border service in 1916. Brig. general N.A., July 25, 1917. Commanded the 29th Infantry Division, 1917 and 57th Infantry Brigade in front line sectors as chief of staff, Base Sector No.2, Bordeaux, France WW1. Retired as brigadier general in 1930 serving as director, officer and special representative of several corporations. Mason. d. Jan. 7, 1943.

Nathaniel P. Banks (1816-189'4) Governor of Massachusetts (1858-61) and Civil War general. b. Waltham, Mass. Served through Civil War as major general and received thanks of Congress in 1864 for capture of Port Hudson (1863). Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1853-57, 1865-73, 1875-79 and 1889-91. Speaker of house 1856-57. He was a member of Monitor Lodge, Waltham, Mass. and although a Union general, delivered the St. John's day address at Memphis, Tenn., on June 24, 1875. Jose Bans Dne of the five Catholic friars who established the lodge Philantrophia in Santo Domingo (now Dominican Republic) in 1819 and met in the vestry of a Catholic Church called Convento Dominico.

George C. Barber President-general of Methodist Church of Australia (1948-51) and president of Australian Council, World Council of Churches (1950-51). b. Jan. 24, 1893 at Bendigo, Australia. Graduate of Wesley College and University of Melbourne in Australia and University of London, England. Ordained Methodist ministry in 1922.. President of Victoria-Tasmania Conference, 1948; chairman Australian Student Christian Movement, 1939-51. Served in WW1; military- chaplain 1936-39 and Air Force chaplain 1939-46. Chaplain of the grand lodge 1949-51. Mason.

N. Moore Banta (1867-1932) Writer of children's stories. b. Dec. 3,

1867 at Rensselaer, Ind. Editor and publisher with Flanagan & Co., Chicago from 1921. Wrote 23 children's books between 1905 and 1927. Mason. d. Feb. 5, 1932. Parke M. Banta Congressman from Missouri, 80th Congress (194749). b. Berryman, Mo. Nov. 21, 1891. Admitted to Missouri bar in 1913. 55

Orion M. Barber Orion M. Barber (1857-1930) Judge, U.S. Court of Customs Appeals. b. July 13, 1857 at Jamaica, Vt. Member of Vermont house of representatives in 1892 and state senate in 1894. Was member of commission to revise Vennont statutes, state railroad commissioner and state auditor. Mason. d. March 28, 1930. Clarence A. Barbour (1867-1937) President of Brown University 19,2636; Peddie School, 1929-36; Worcester Academy 1926-36. b. April 21, 1867. Ordained Baptist ministry in 1891. Professor of homiletics, Rochester Theola. Seminary, 1915,-29. President of Northern Baptist Convention, 191617. Author of several books on religion. He was grand chaplain of the G.L. of New York four years and of the G.L. of Rhode Island one year. d. Jan. 16, 1937. James B,arbour (1775-1842) Secretary of War, minister to England, u.s. Senator and governor of Virginia. b. June 10, 1775 in Orange Co., Va. Gained a knowledge of law while a deputy sheriff and admitted to practice when 19. Sat in Virginia House of Delegates from 1796-1812. Elected governor in 1812. After term as governor, was elected to U.S. Senate in 1815. In 1825 John Q. Adams made him Secretary of War. In 1828 he went to England as American minister, but was recalled upon the election of President Jackson. Member of Stephensburg Lodge No. 40, Stevensburg, Va. d. June 8,1942. Sir Charles Malcolm Barclay-Harvey (0ÂŁ Kinord) 95th Grand Master Mason of Scotland (1949-54) and G.M. of G.L. of Southern Australia, (194144). First grand principal, Grand Chapter of Scotland, 1948-53, making trip to South Africa in 1950 to visit chapters there. He was initiated in Apollo University Lodge No. 357 (E.C.) in 1908 and affiliated with

Lodge Charleston of Aboyne No. 281 in 1924. McClelland Barclay (1891-1943) Artist and illustrator. b. May 9, 1891 at St. Louis, Mo. Began as advertising illustrator in 1912 and is also known for sculpture and portrait painting. Awarded 1st prize WWl for recruiting poster and 1st prize for Red Cross poster Fill the Breach. Creator of the Fisher Body Girl. Designer of covers for Ladies' Home Journal, Pictorial Review, Saturday Evening Post" etc. A naval camou.. fleur in 1918. Called to active duty as lieutenant commander in Navy, 1940 and reported missing in action while passenger on ship torpedoed in Solomon Sea, July 18, 1943. Mason. A. T. Bard President of Reliance Manufacturing Co., Chicago since 1944. b. March 18, 1889 at New Car~ lisle, Ind. Started with the Reliance Company in 1901 and advanced from cutting room foreman to president. Member of Republic Lodge No. 914 Chicago, TIl.

Guy Kurtz Bard (1895-1953) U.S. District Judge, Eastern Pennsylvania 1939-52, resigning to private practice. b. Oct. 2'4, 1895 at Lincoln, Pa. Admitted to bar in 1922. Attorney general of Pennsylvania 1938-39. Active in Democratic politics on state and national level. Mason. d. Nov. 23 1953. ' Samuel Bard (1742-1821) Famous early American physician who was personal doctor to George Washington in New York following the Revolution. He was instrumental in establishing first New York medical school and the New York hospital. Member of Union Lodge, N.Y.

Thomas R. Bard (1841-1915) U.S. Senator from California. b. Dec. 8, 1841 at Chambersburg, Pa. Graduated from Chambersburg Academy 18 with honors and studied law. Sent by



Countess Helene Hadik Barkoczy Col. Thomas A. Scott in 1865 to California to supervise his property, and remained. Was interested in farm lands and oil property. Served as U.s. Senator from 1900-1905. Member of Hueneme Lodge No. 311, Hueneme and Ventura Chapter No. 50. Also Knight Templar. d. Mar. 6, 1915. Graham A. Barden Congressman from North Carolina to 74th to 8Ist Congresses (1935-51). b. Sept., 1896, Sampson Co. North Carolina. Began as school teacher in New Bern and admitted to bar in 1920. Mason and Shriner.

Clinton L. Bardo (1867-1937) President of New York Shipbuilding Co., 1928-37. b. Oct. 24, 1867 at Montgomery, Pat With railway and steamship companies since 1885, beginning as telegraph operator. Superintendent of N.Y.C. & H. R.R. 1907-12; assistant general manager of N.Y. N.H. & H. R.R. in 1913.; president of Central N.E. Ry. 1920-25. Mason. d. Aug. 2, 1937.

Winfield W. Bardwell (1872-1946) Judge and college president. b. July 18, 1872 at Excelsior, Minn. Admitted to Minn. bar in 1893. Presiding judge, District Court of Minneapolis since 1919. President of Minneapolis College of Law since 1924 and member of faculty University of Minnesota for many years. Mason. d. Dec. 22, 1946. Frank F. Barham Vice president and director of Hearst Consolidate路d Publications, Inc. and Hearst Publishing Co., Inc. b. May 24, 1879 at Anaheim, Calif. Mason. Walter S. Baring


from Nevada to 81st Congress (19,49-

51). b. Sept. 9, 1911 at Goldfield, Nev. Graduate of University of Nevada in 1934. Representative in Nevada state legislature 1936 and reelected in 1942. With U.S. Navy WW2. Raised in May

1941, Reno Lodge No. 13 and has served as senior deacon of same. Member of Valley of Reno, 32 0 AASR and member of Kerak Shrine Temple and Adah Chapter No.4 O.E.S.

John Barker A dispenser of Masonic degrees during the middle of the 19th century in the United States. He ap,peared about ten years after Jeremy L. Cross, who was in the same ''business.'' It is said that he originally received his degrees from Cross. Organized councils in the south and southwest under a warrant from The Supreme Council, Southern Jurisdiction. When the Supreme Council demanded the return of the warrant, he refused. Although his purpose was mercenary, like Cross, he did much to spread the degrees throughout the country.

William :1. Barker U.S. District Judge, Southern District of Florida since 1940. b. June 25, 1886 at Marietta, Ga. Admitted to Florida bar in 1916_ Florida circuit judge, 1925-40. Mason. Countess Helene Hadik Barkoczy b. 1833. A Hungarian countess, said to have been a Freemason. The sole heir of Count Johann Barkoczy, she succeeded hin1 on his death ~ 1871 in the extensive Majorat of Barkoczy. In 1860 she married Count Bela Hadik, aide-de-camp to Emperor Maximilian. She became interested in an extensive Masonic library that came with her inheritance, and being highly educated, made an earnest study of Freemasonry. She endeavoured to gain admittance as a member of the craft and through some close acquaintances who were Freemasons, was initiated in 1875 in the Lodge Egyenloseg at Unghvar, holding a warrant from the Grand Orient of Hungary. On learning of the glaring violation of its statutes, the Grand Orient instituted proceedings against the brethren who were guilty 0路拢 con-


James A. Barksdale

with no success. Barlow was chaplain at the execution of Major Andre, the spy. Henry Clay Barnabee American actor and operatic comedian. A mem路 ber of Columbian Lodge, Boston, Mass. March 2, 1865, receiving a life membership March 2, 1890. Exalted in St. Andrew's Chapter, R.A.M., Boston on June 3, 1868 and knighted in DeMolay Commandery, Boston, Sept. 23, 1868. Received 32 0 , Massachusetts Consistory (NJ) April 27, 1866. Ernest S. Barnard (1874-1931) President of the American Baseball League 1927-31. b. July 17, 1874 at West Columbia, W. Va. Was sports editor of Columbia Evening Dispatch 1898-1902; secretary of the Cleveland James A. Barksdale Commissioner Ball Club Co., 1903-10, vice president of Education, Tennessee, since 1950. 1911-15 and president 1922-27. He was b. Nov. 29, 1904 at Kenzie, Tenn. A vice president of the Acetylene Stove teacher and principal of Tenn. schools Mfg. Co. of Cleveland. A member of 1925-49. Member of Cookeville Lodge both York and Scottish Rites. d. No. 266, C'ookeville, Tenn. and past March 27, 1931. master of same. Isaac D. Barnard (1791-1834) U.S. Elmer E. Barlow (1887..1948) Jus- Senator from Pennsylvania, 1827-31. tice Supreme Court of Wisconsin b. July 18, 1791 at Aston, Pa. Began 1942-48. b. May 18, 1887 at Arcadia, study of law, but War of 1812 in.. Wis. Admitted to bar in 1909 and in tervened and he served as captain general practice from 1909 to 1939. and major in the 14th Infantry. Was Mason. d. June 26, 1948. at capture of Fort George and Lyon's Creek. In 1815 he resumed his legal Joel Barlow (1754-1812) American studies and admitted to bar in 1816. poet and diplomat. b.' Redding, Conn. In 1820 he was elected to the state Served as chaplain in the Revolution. senate and in 1826 became secretary As U.S. consul to Algiers in 1795, he of state for Pennsylvania. A Mason. arranged treaties with Tunis, Algiers d. Feb. 28, 1834. and Tripoli. He served as U.s. MinisCassius MeD. Barnes Territorial ter to France in 1811. His works include two epic poems The Vision of governor of Oklahoma Territory. AcColumbus (1787) and The Columbiad tive in all branches of Freemasonry, (1807). He was admitted (which prob- he attended the grand lodge session ably meant affiliation) a member of of 1902 as master of Guthrie Lodge St. John's Lodge No.4, Hartford, No. 35. He took an active part in Conn. on Jan. 9, 1788. He died near cornerstone laying and assisted in the Cracow, Poland in 1812 while trying organization of the Grand Chapter to reach Napoleon who was then cam- of Oklahoma. He was one of the three paigning through Russian snows. Ef- original petitioners to the Grand En.. forts to have his body removed met campment, K.T. for a commandery

拢erring the degrees and on January 5, 1876 ordered the deputy master of the lodge forever expelled and the officers of the lodge to have their names struck off the lists. The other members were expelled for periods of three, six and twelve months. This still left the question of the Countess's standing in Freemasonry. This was resolved at a meeting of the Grand Orient held on March 10, 1876 when it held that her admission was contrary to law and th'erefore null and void. They forbad her admittance into any lodge under the penalty of erasion of the lodge from the rolls and requested all other grand lodges to do the same. It was demanded that she return her invalid certificate within ten days.


Joshua Barney a few weeks longer would have been installed as grand master. He was raised Oct. 18, 1916 at age of 28 in Continental Lodge No. 287, N.Y. While a grand lodge officer Barnewall always arranged an afternoon "break," so the delegates could see his team play while the committees digested the reports of the morning communication.

and was first commander of Guthrie Commandery No. 1 and first grand commander of the Oklahoma Territory. James M. Barnes Congressman from Illinois 76th and 77th Congresses (1939-43) Administrative assistant to President of U.S. 1943-45. b. Jan. 9, 1899 at Jacksonville, Ill. LL.B., Harvard, 1924. Admitted to Ill. bar, 1924. Director National Savings and Trust Co. Member of Jacksonville Lodge No. 570, Jacksonville, Ill. and 32 0 AASR (NJ) at Springfield, Ill. Shriner and Jester.

John Barney (1780-1847) Masonic lecturer who studied under Thomas Smith Webb q.v. b. October, 1780 at Litchfield, Conn. Raised in Friendship Lodge No. 20, Charlotte, Vt. in 1810. He was appointed "Lecturing Master" of the G.L. of Vermont in 1817, moving to Harper's Field, Ohio in 1826 where he affiliated with New England Lodge No.4 of Worthington in 1834 and served as grand lecturer of Ohio from 1836-43. l-Ie later moved to Chicago, Ill. where he affiliated with Apollo Lodge No. 32 and was appointed grand lecturer of Illinois in 1845. d. 1847 at Peoria, Ill.

Will C. Barnes (1858-1936) Author, rancher and Congressional Medal of Honor winner. b. June 21, 1858 and educated in public schools of Minneapolis. Enlisted man Signal Corps 1879-82 and received Congressional Medal at Ft. Apache, Ariz., Sept., 1881 "For bravery in action with hostile Apache Indians." Member of Arizona state legislature 1891-92 and of New Mexico legislature 1901-02. Assistant U.S. Forester 1907-28. Mason. Wrote Tales from the X-Bar Horse Camp (1920), Cattle (1930), Arizona. Place Names, (1934). d. Dec. 17, 1936.

Joshua Barney (1759-1818) Commodore American Navy, serving in Revolutionary War and War of 1812. b. July 6, 1759 at Baltimore, Md. Served throughout the Revolution, being captured three times by the British. Captured British frigate General Monk (1782). In French service 17961802. A privateer during War of 1812. Joined forces at Bladensburg, Md., defending Washington where he was severely wounded in 1814' and captured for the fourth time. d. Dec. 1, 1818. He was buried with military and Masonic honors at Pittsburgh, Pa. Dec. 1, 1818. He was made a Freemason in the Lodge of the Nine Sisters, Paris, France in 1799 (although other sources state that he was raised in Lodge No.3, Philadelphia, Pa. on May 17, 1777, and still another lists him as a member of No.3 on May 1, 1777). He was a visitor of Lodge No.2, Philadelphia on June 16, 1780.

Eugene E. Barnett General secretary National Council Y.M.C.A.'s since 1941. b. Feb. 21, 1888 at Leesburg, Fla. In Y.M.C.A. work since

1908. Founder of Y.M.C.A. at Hangchow, China 1910-21; secretary for China 1921-23. Raised in University Lodge No. 408, Chapel Hill, N.C. in 1910. He later became a charter member of Amity Lodge in Shanghai, China under Philippine jurisdiction.

W. J. Barnett Admiral, U. S. Navy. Member of Roman Lodge No. 223 of New York. George A. BarnewaII (1888-1952) Vice president of Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team. At his death on April 14, 1952 he was Deputy G.M. of the G.L. of New York and if he had lived


Maurice V. Barnhill Maurice V. Barnhill Judge, Supreme Court of North Carolina since 1937. b. Dec. 5, 1887 at Halifax, N.C. Admitted to bar in 1909. Member state legislature (N.C.) 1921-23; judge N.C. Superior Court, 1924-37. Mason and Shriner.

Henry A. Barnum (18BS-?) Major General (Union) in Civil War. b. Sept. 24, 1833 at Jamesville, N.Y. Studied law and enlisted as a private in 12th New York volunteers in 1861, advancing through grades to major general, March, 1865. He was twice wounded. First officer to enter Savannah on Sherman's march to the sea. After war became inspector of New York prisons, harbor-master of New York and deputy tax commissioner. Member of lodge at Syracuse, N.Y. William H. Barnum (1818-?) U.S. Senator from Connecticut. b.Sept. 17, 1818. Engaged in the manufacture of car wheels and iron production. Served in the state legislature in 1852 and in u.s. Congress as representative from Connecticut from 1866-1876. Elected to U.S. Senate in 1876, serving until 1879. Member of Montgomery Lodge No. 13 at Lakeville, Conn. Joseph L. Baron Jewish rabbi. Founder of Temple Judah, Cedar Rapids, Iowa (1918) ; Temple Emmanuel, Waukesha, Wis. (1938), Temple Beth El, Madison, Wis. (1939). b. May 27, 1894, Vilno, Lithuania, coming to U.S. with parents in 1907. A.B. Columbia, 1914-. Ph.D. Univ. of Chicago, 1932. Professor and faculty member of State Teachers College, Milwaukee and University of Wisconsin. Editor of Young Judean, 1914. Member national council of Jewish education, 1927-30. Author. Member of Wisconsin Lodge No. 13 at Milwaukee; 32째 AASR (SJ) at Davenport, Iowa and also Shrine at Davenport. Honorary member of Tripoli Shrine Temple in Milwaukee.

Noms S. Barratt (1862-1924) Judge (president) of Common Pleas, Pennsylvania from 1913. b. Aug. 23, 1862 at Philadelphia, Pa. Admitted to bar 1883. Served in various public capacities. Judge, Court of Common Pleas from 1902, and president from 1913. Author of Freemasonry of Pennsyl.. vania 1827-1907 (3 vols.) with Dr. J. F. Sachse (1909), History of St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia; CoLonial Wars in America and several other works. Mason. d. April 26, 1924..

Jesse W. Barrett (1884-1953) Attorney general of Missouri, 1821-25. b. March 17, 1884 at Canton, Mo. Graduated cum laude Christian Univ. (now Culver-Stockton) Canton, Mo. 1902 and LL.D. 1923; LL.B. George Washington U. 1905. Began practice, St. Louis, 1906. Mason 33째 honorary (SJ). d. Nov. 12, 1953. Lawrence P. Barrett (1838-1891) American actor. b. Paterson, N.J. April 4, 1838. Joined Boston Museum Company (1858-59). Served in Civil War. In partnership with the famous Shakesp-earean actor Booth q.v. 188691. Excelled in Shakespearean roles. Raised in Oriental Lodge No. 144, San Francisco, Calif. July 19, 1870, Royal Arch membership in New York and member of Adelphic Commandery No. 59, New York City. d. New York City March 20, 1891 and buried by Catholic church. Oscar F. Barrett (1860-1935) President of The Barrett Line (operators of tow-boats and barges on Ohio and Mississippi rivers) 1897-1907; president of Barrett Line, Inc. from 1927. b. April 27, 1860 at Racine, Ohio. Associated with. father in John Bar.. rett & Son from 1882. Vice president of Columbia Life Ins. Co.; president of National Board of Steam Navigation 1928-30. Mason. d. Aug. 12, 1935. Robert S. Barrett Physician, diplo.. mat, philanthropist. b. March 30, 1877, at Richmond, Va. Educated in the


Augustin Barruel University of the South and George Washington Univ. In 1897 he went to Mexico where he was editor and publisher of the Mexico City Daily Record; returned to the U.S. in 1907. For many years he served the U.S. in quasi-political positions abroad. In 1910, with Charles H. Callahan, he inaugurated the movement to establish the George Washington National Masonic Memorial Association which resulted in the erection of that famous memorial. He served as grand master of the G.L. of Virginia in 1942. From 1925 to 1950 he served as president of the Florence Crittenden Mission, an organization of which his mother was one of the founders. He is 33째 Sovereign Grand Inspector General for Virginia AASR (SJ). Dr. and Mrs. Barrett have erected a hospital at the Masonic Home in Virginia (1940) and given an auditorium for the Elks Home at Bedford, Va. (1945). He was grand exalted ruler of the Elks, U.S.A. in 1944-45.. In 1946 they gave a library to the city of Alexandria, Va. as a memorial to his mother, and in 1947, gave $1,000,000 to the Barrett Foundation for philanthropic and educational purposes. Barrett is the author of several volumes including Standard Guide to Mexico (1900); Blue Book of Mexico (1905); Fifty Years Work With Girls" I Was an Un... m.arried Mother. He was raised in Puritan Lodge No.7, Mexico City in 1902, and affiliated with AlexandriaWashington Lodge No. 22, of Alexandria, Va. in 1910. He is a member of Mount Vernon Chapter No. 14 R.A.M. and Old Dominion Commandery, K.T. of Alexandria. While in Mexico, he was one of the organizers of the Anezeh Shrine Temple in 1907.

atar of anthropology, Milwaukee Public Museum since 1909 and director 1920-40. Director emeritus since 1940. Active in research and ethnology of Pomo and Miwok tribes of California; also Cayapa Indians of Ecuador. Mason, Knight Templar and Shriner. Carter T. Barron (1905-1950) Theatre executive. Manager of Loew's Eastern Division of Theatres including D.C., Md., Va., Del. and Pa. since 1934. b. Clarkesville, Ga. Jan 30, 1905. B.S. Georgia Institute of Tech., 1927. Assist. manager and manager of theaters from 1905. Vice president of Kes-Bar, Inc.; director of Washington Board of Trade since 1949; executive vice chairman of National Capitol Sesqui-Centennial Corom. since 1948; Chairman entertainment COInm. President's Birthday Balls 1934-46. Head of music and entertaimnent committee National Democratic Convention, 1940. Mason. d. Nov. 16, 1950. Dionysiue Barron Male alto singer. Raised in St. Cecile Lodge No. 568, New York City on Oct. 7, 1873.

Clark DeBlanc Barrow President of Southeastern Louisiana College at Hammond since 1952. b. June 8, 1894 at Plaquemine, La. Graduate of Louisana State and Columbia. Mason. Chester W. Barrows (1872-1931) Judge, Supreme Court of Rhode Island, 1925-31. b. Ju1y 4, 1872 at Woonsocket, R.I. LL.B. Harvard, 1898. Admitted to R.I. bar, 1898. Associate Justice S,uperior Court of R.I. 191325. Mason. d. Feb. 19, 1931. Lewis O. Barrows GoveInor of Maine 1937-41. b. June 7, 1893 at New"J port, Maine. Secretary of Liberty Mutual Insurance Co. and United Mutual Fire Ins. Co. of Boston. Maine secretary of state 1935-36. Member of lodge, chapter, council, commandery and consistory. Augustin Barmel (1741-1820) An anti-Mason better known as the Abbe

Samuel A. Barrett Anthropologist and explorer. b. Nov. 12, 1879 at Little Rock> Ark. Received B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. at University of Calif. Ethnologist with George G. Hey Expedition, 1908..09 in South America. Cur-


John Barry Frederic A. Bartholdi (1834-1904) Designer of Statue of Liberty in New York harbor. b. April 2, 1834 at Colmar, Alsace, France. He was one of the early members of Lodge Alsa.ce路 Lorraine, Paris (Oct. 14, 1875) which was composed of prominent intellectuals, writers and government representatives. When his famous statue Liberty Enlightening the World was achieved, Bartholdi convened his lodge to review it, even before the statue was shown to the U.S. committee. On June 19, 1884, the lodge, as if it were a pilgrimage, went in a body to review his masterpiece that was to be the gift of the French people to the United States. On Nov. 13, 1884 Bartholdi delivered a lecture and gave the lodge a report on the history and various methods used in the execution of his statue. Again the lodge witnessed his emotion when he came back from his visit to U.S. in 1887, and he told them of the ardent welcome he had received and of the wide enthusiasm created by his work. Another famous work by Bartholdi is Le Lion de Belfort, commemorating the defense of Bel拢ort in Franco.. Prussian War. Frank H. Bartholomew President and general manager of United Press Association since April, 1955. b. Oct. 5, 1898 at San Francisco, Calli. Began as a reporter in 1918 on Portland and Vancouver (B.C.) papers, starting with United Press as the Portland Bureau manager. During WW2 he was in charge of all correspondents covering the Pacific War and a correspondent himself in Ne~ Guinea, Aleutians, Luzon. He covered the Japanese surrender aboard the U.S.S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay in Sept., 1945 and the atomic bomb test at Bikini in 1946. Member of Temple Lodge No. 14, Sonora, Calif., and Islam Shrine Temple, San Francisco. H. Roe Bartle Lawyer, youth leader, college president.. b. Richmond,

Barruel. Born in Villeneuve de Berg, France, he was a prolific writer but owes his reputation principally to his Recollections to Serve for a History of Jacobinism (1797). He sought to trace the origin of Freemasonry to the Templars, accusing them of having an "impious code and vows of vengeance against kings and priests." Educated by the Jesuits and entered the society. When they were suppressed in France, he went to Moravia and Bohemia. John Barry Commodore, U.S. Navy in American Revolution. Initiated in Lodge No.2, Philadelphia, Pa. on Oct. 12, 1795. Suspended NPD in 1800. William T. Barry (1785...1835) Postmaster General of the U.S. under President Jackson and u.s. Senator from Kentucky. b. Feb. 5, 1785. Served in the war of 1812. Lawyer and statesman. Was a member of Lex.. ington Lodge No.1, Lexington, Ky. and later of Daviess Lodge No. 22 of Lexington. On Jan. 4, 1830 he was elected an honorary member of Fed.. era! Lodge No.1, Washington, D.C.

John L. Barstow (1832-1913) Gov.. ernor of Vermont. b. Feb. 21, 1832 at Shelburne, Vt. Served as major in Union army from 1861-64 and was made brigadier general路of state troops at time of the St. Albans raid. Member of Vermont house 1864-65 and senate, 1866-68. Became 39th governor in 1880, serving two terms until 1885. Mason. d. Jtme 28, 1913. Oliver E. Barthel Engineer and inventor. b. Oct. 3, 1877 at Detroit, Mich. Has been designer and engineer with Ford, Cadillac, Oldsmobile and Standard Steel Car Co. Holder of 35 patents. Designed and built outboard motor in 1906; streamlined automobile in 1912; all-steel automobile body in 1917. Mason and Knight Templar.


Murray Bartlett "President" of New Hampshire, 179093 and its first governor from 1793-94. d. May 19, 1795 at Kingston, N.H. Although his lodge is not known, his great grandson, Levi S. Bartlett, has a letter written by Josiah to his son Ezra saying, "I attended a Mason meeting last night, and as soon as you can I wish you would join the Masons."

Va. Admitted to Kentucky bar in 1920 and Missouri bar in 1921. President of Missouri Valley College, Marshall, Mo. 1948-51. Long-time scout executive for Kansas City area, Boy Scouts of America. Member of 17 boards of directors and owns 5,000 acres in Missouri and Oklahoma. Makes some 200 public speeches a year ranging upwards from $1,000 per speech-much of which he turns over to the American Humanities Fund of which he has been administrator since 1947. Elected mayor of Kansas City in 1955. Member Ararat Shrine Temple; Lebanon Lodge No. 87 (Ky.) Independence Chapter, R.A.M. No. 12 and Palestine Commandery No. 17, K.T. of Independdence, Mo.

Josiah Bartlett (1759-1820) Revolutionary physician and grand master of the G.L. of Mass. Not to be confused with Josiah, the signer of the Declaration of Independence, who was also a physician q.V. b. Charlesto'\V!l, Mass. Aug. 11, 1759. He was elected and initiated in Union Lodge at Danbury, Conn. (now No. 40 on the roll) on April 13, 1780; passed April 24 and raised May 2, same year. The history of that lodge, written in 1926, says in discussing the installation of the first master that a meeting was held on April 13 at the home of Mrs. Mary White, "to consider the request of Dr. Josiah Bartlett whose inclination to be a Freemason was so great he was determined if possible to be initiated so as to join this Lodge on the day appointed for the installment of the Wor. Master . . . .." He later became a charter member of King Solomon's Lodge, Charleston, Mass. in Mass. in Sept., 1783. The 150th anniversary history of that lodge confirms his original membership by stating that he was barely 21 years old when in 1780 he received his degrees in Union Lodge at Danbury. Bartlett followed Paul Revere q.'V. as grand master of Massachusetts (aft... er union of March, 1792), serving in 1798, 1799 and 1810. d. March 2, 1820 at Charlestown.

Frederick B. Bartlett (1882-1941) Bishop, Protestant Episcopal Church. b. Aug. 23, 1822 at South Manchester, Conn. Graduate of Trinity College, Episcopal Theological School and Harvard. Served as deacon and priest from 1908. General secretary National Council. P. E. Churches 1925-31 and consecrated bishop of North Dakota Dec. 16, 1931, transferring to Missionary District of Idaho in 1935. Mason. d. Dec. 15, 1941. John H. Bartlett Governor of New Hampshire and 1st Assistant Post... master General in Coolidge Cabinet. b. Sunapee, N.H., March 15, 1864. Member of DeWitt Clinton Commandery, K.T. (N.H.).

Josiah Bartlett (1729-1795) Signer of the Declaration of Independence. Not to be confused with Josiah Bartlett (1759-1820) who was also a physician q.v. b. Amesbury, Mass. Nov. 21, 1729. Practiced medicine at Kingston, N.H. (1750-95). Was a delegate to Continental Congress (1773-76) (1778-79). Associate justice (1782-88) and chief justice (1788-90) of superior

Murray Bartlett Organizer and first president of University of Philippines (1911-15). b. March 29, 1871 at Poughkeepsie, N.Y. Graduate of Harvard,Gen. Theol. Sem., Univ. of Roch-

court of New Hampshire. He was


Robert A. Bartlett ester, Trinity College, Columbia and Hobart. Protestant Episcopal rector and dean, serving Cathedral of St. Mary and St. John, Manila, PJ. 1908-11. Founder of Tropical Medicine and Public Health school. Chaplain with U.S. Infantry in WWl, wounded in Marne-Aisne offensive Mason. 33 0 AASR. Robert A. Bartlett (1875-1946) Explorer. b. Aug. 15, 1875 at Brigus, Newfoundland. Began explorations wintering with R. E. Peary at Cape D'Urville, Kane Basin 1897-98; on a hunting expedition, Hudson Bay and Strait in 1901; captain of a sealer off Newfoundland coast, 1901-05; commanded the Roosevelt, 1905-09, taking active part in Peary's expedition to the pole, reaching the 88th parallel; with Canadian government Arctic expedition 1913-14 as captain of the cut.. ter Karluk which was crushed by ice in January, 1914. He reached Wrangel Island with 17 persons, and leaving 15 on the island, he crossed ice to Siberia with one Eskimo and returned with a rescue party in Sept., 1914. They reached Norne, Alaska a year later with 13 survivors. In the service of the U.S. government, National Geographic Society and various museums, he made exploration trips until 1944 to Arctic ocean, Greenland, Alaska, Baffin Land, Siberia, and Hudson Bay. Received many national and international honors for his explorations. Author of several books. Mason. d. April 28, 1946. Francesco Barlolozzi (1727-1815) Famous Italian designer and engraver. b. Florence, Italy. Studied on the continent and settled in London in 1764. He was an early member of the Lodge of Nine Muses No. 235, London, and collaborator of Cipriani q.'V'. the painter, who was a member of the same lodge. He was one of the four members of this lodge to be original members of the exclusive Royal Academy

at its foundation in 1768. He engraved works of Guercino, Annibale Carracci, Giordano, Reynolds, Gainsborough, Cosway and Angelica Kauffmann. The frontispiece of the 1784 edition of the Book of Constitutions is his engrav.. ing. He became engraver to the King (England), later moving to Lisbon where he became head of the Royal Academy at Lisbon (1802-15). Sir Edmund Barton (1849-1920) First prime minister of Australian Commonwealth (1901-03). Speaker of legislative assembly, New South Wales, 1883-87 and attorney general in 1889 and 1891-93. He led the delegation presenting Australian Commonwealth Constitution bill to British Parliament in 1900. Nearly one.. third of the members of the first Australian parliament were Freemasons. He was judge of the Australian high court from 1903 until his death in 1920. Barton was a member of Australia Lodge of Harmony No. 556 (initiated March 3, 1878) which later be.. came No.5 with the establishment of the United Grand Lodge of New South Wales in 1888. He was invested as senior deacon of the lodge on June 9, 1880.

LeRoy Barton Architect. b. Dec. 14, 1887 in New York City. An architect in New York City, 1910-34. Assistant to Secretary of Treasury 193439 and acting supervising architect to Treasury Department. Architectural supervisor Public Buildings Administration, 1939-40. Now practicing as consultant . architect. Served in both WWl and WW2, retiring as colonel in 1948. Raised in Wamponamen Lodge No. 437, Sag Harbor, N.Y. on March 3,1921. Member of Manhattan (N.Y.) Chapter No. 86, National Sojourners and Martyr's Camp, Heroes of '76. William Barton (1748-1831) Colonel of American Revolution.. b. May 26, 1748 at Providence, R.I. Noted for his daring capture of British General 64

Willis T. Batcheller Prescott in the latter's house at Newport. He was imprisoned at Danville, Vt. from 1810-24 for refusing to pay judgment on his land in Vermont. The judgment was paid by General Lafayette q.v. on his visit to America in 1824. He became a member of St. John's Lodge, Providence, R.I. in 1779.

d. at Providence, Oct. 22, 1831. Sydney N. Baruch Research engineer who invented the depth bomb successfully used in destruction of submarines in WW1 and WW2. b. March 1, 1890 at Mamaroneck, N.Y. Chief engr. Federal Telephone Co. (radio division of Postal Telegraph Co.) 1919-20. President of Public Service Corp. of Calli. 1916-20. Conductor of private research laboratories in New York City since 1930. Inventor of thermo relay and other devices, also thyraton and nortron type mercury rectifier tubes. and sound recording on film (1934). Designer of 300,000 volt direct current transmission system of Bonneville Project. Mason and Shriner.

Charles Baskerville ( 1870-19 2 2) Chemist who discovered the chemical elements, carolinium and berzellum. b. June 18,1870 at Noxubee Co. Miss. Author of many books on chemistry. Mason. d. Jan. 28, 1922. Edward Bass (1726-1803) First Protestant Episcopal bishop of Massachusetts in 1797. His bishopric included Rhode Island and New Hampshire. b. Dorchester, Mass. Nov. 23, 1726. Served as pastor at Newbury, Mass. from 1752-1803. Admitted a member of St. John's Lodge No.1 of Portsmouth, N.H. April 12, 1758. In 1768 he served as grand chaplain of the G.t. of Mass.

1947-49. President of N.H. state senate 1949-51. Member of Altemont Lodge No. 26, Peterborough, N.H. 32째 AASR (NJ) in Nashua, N.H. Member of Bektash Shrine Temple, Concord, N.H.

Norman L. Basset (1869-1931) Justice, Supreme Court of Maine 1925-31. b. June 23, 1869 at Winslow, Me. Graduate of Colby College, Harvard and University of Maine. Mason. d. Sept. 29, 1931. Richard N. Batchelder (1832-1901) Quartermaster General of U . S. Army. b. July 27, 1832 at Lake Village, N.H. Entered volunteer service in 1861 and rose through arnks to brigadier general on March 13, 1865. Was awarded Congressional Medal of Honor in Civil War. Entered regular service after war and made Quartermaster General in 1890. A member of Lafayette Lodge No. 41 at Manchester, N.H. d. 1901. Robert F. Batchelder Commodore, U.S. Navy. b. March 27, 1895 at Worcester, Mass. Commissioned ensign in supply corps of Navy in 1921 and advanced through grades to commodore in Nov., 1945. With Atlantic fleet in WW2, Sicilian occupation and Normandy invasion. Deputy administrator, War Assets Admin.. , 1946-47; assistant chief, Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, U.S. Navy since 1947. Retired. Raised in Quinsigamond Lodge, Worchester, Mass. in 1922. Life member of Eureka Chapter, R.A.M., Worcester, Mass.; life member California Consistory AASR (SJ) at San Francisco; life member of Chapter No.3, National Sojourners and Heroes of '76, Washington, D.C. Willis T. Batcheller President and chief engineer of Canadian Alaska Railway Co., involving 3,300 mile transcontinental system from Seattle and Vancouver to Fairbanks, Alaska. b. Dec. 23, 1889 at Joliet, Ill. President and chief engineer of Portland Canal

Perkins Bass Congressman from New Hampshire to 84th Congress. b. Oct. 6, 1912 at East Walpole, Mass. Admitted to N.H. bar in 1938. Member N.H. state legislature, 1939-43 and 65

James C. Batchelor

Power Co. Served as engineer on many hydro-electrical developments, including Grand Coulee, Skagit River, Nimpkish River pulp plant and Quincy Valley Irrigation Dist. Raised in Green Lake Lodge No. 149, Seattle in April, 1921. Member of Ballard Chapter No. 26, R.A.M. Seattle Council No.6 R. & S.M., Bethlehem Commandery, K.T. No. 19 all of Seattle. Active worker in Commandery 32 0 AASR (SJ) in 1921 and KCCH in 1945. Past wise master of Rose Croix, 1944. Member of NUe Shrine Temple since 1921 and past patron of University Chapter, G.E.S. James C. Batchelor (1818-1893) Succeeded Albert Pike as 9th grand commander of Supreme Council AASR (8J) in 1891, serving until death in 1893. b. July 10, 1818 at Quebec, Canada. Was a physician in New Orleans and distinguished himself in the yellow fever epidemic. Initiated in Eureka Lodge No. 64, Greenville, Ala. Apri111, 1846 and Royal Arch in Polar Star Chapter No. 21, New Orleans Aug. 17, 1857. Joined Orleans Council R. & S.M. Feb. 15, 1859 and Jacques DeMolai Commandery, K.T. No.2, New Orleans, Feb. 17, 1860.. 32 0 AASR in New Orleans Dec. 17, 1856 and 33 on Feb. 14, 1857. d. July 28, 1893 at Washington, D.C. 0

William B. Bate (1826-1905) U.S. Senator, from Tennessee. b. Oct. 7, 1826 near Castilian Spring, Tenn. Was a steamboat clerk on Mississippi river and served as private in Mexican War in Louisiana and Tennessee regiments. He served in the Tennessee legislature and graduated from Lebannon Law School in 1852, practicing at Gallatin, Tenn. Entering the Civil War as a private, he advanced to major general, C.S.A. 1861-65, being wounded three times. After the war he practiced law at Nashville and was u.s. Senator from 1887 until his death in 1905. He was a member of King

Solomon Lodge No. 94 (successor of No.6). Edward Bates (1793-1869) Attor.. ney General of United States in Lin.. coln's cabinet. b. Sept. 4, 1793 at Belmont, Va. of Quaker parentage. He came to Missouri in 1814 at the age of 21, his brother Frederick q.v. then being secretary of the territory. Admitted to bar in 1816 after studying with Rufus Easton q.v... He was a member of the convention of 1820 that framed the state constitution of Missouri, and appointed by Gov. Mc.. Nair g.v. as first attorney general. In 1822 he was a member of the legisla.. ture and in 1824 was appointed by President Monroe q.v. as U.S. Attorney for the District of Missouri. He was the second representative in Congress from Missouri being elected to the 20th Congress in 1826, but de.. clined re-election. In 1830 he served as state senator and in 1834 as state representative. In 1850 President Fill.. more q.v. appointed him Secretary of War and he was confirmed by the Senate, but declined the position. In 1853 he was elected judge of the St. Louis Land Court and in 1856 he was presiding officer of the Whig na.. tional convention in Baltimore. Presi.. dent Lincoln named him Attorney General of the u.s. in 1861 and he served until 1863 when he resigned. He was the first cabinet member from west of the Mississippi river. He was a member of Missouri Lodge No. 12, under Tennessee charter (later Mis.. souri No.1) and was active in the formation of the Grand Lodge of Mo. He was elected to preside at the preliminary convention and was later made permanent chairman. A pream- ' ble and resolution was drawn up, evidently the work of B路ates. Two months later the delegates again assembled to consider the matter of organizing a grand lodge with Bates presiding.. Bates served four terms as grand master, 1825-26-27-31. In his


Laurie C. Battle last term as grand master he introduced a resolution to be submitted to all subordinate lodges of the state (height of Anti-Masonic period) which ended: "Be it Resolved, that immediately after the close this evening, this Lodge shall cease to act as an or.. ganized body, and that its charter be surrendered and returned to the Grand Lodge." As far as known, Edward Bates never thereafter appeared at a Masonic meeting. d. March 25, 1869.

Isaac B. Bates (1780-1845) U.S. Senator from Massachusetts. b. May 14, 1780 in Granville, Mass. Graduated at Yale in 1802 and studied law, practicing in Northhampton, Mass. First elected to Congress as an antiJackson man, and reelected three times, serving from 1827-1835. In 1841 he was elected to U.S. Senate where he served until his death. He opposed the admission of Texas to the union. Member of Jerusalem Lodge at Northhampton, Mass. d. March 16, 1845.

John L. Bates (1859-1) Governor Frederick Bates (1777-1825) Sec- of Massachusetts, 1903-04. b. Sept. 18, ond governor of Missouri, 1824-25. b. 1859 at Easton, Mass. Practiced law June 23, 1777 in Belmont, Va. of a at Boston since 1885. Member state Quaker family. Older brother of Ed- house of representatives 1894-99 ward Bates q.v. In 1797 he settled in (speaker 1897-99); lieutenant goverDetroit, Mich. where he engaged in nor of Mass. 1900-02. President of the mercantile business and served as Mass. Constitutional Convention of postmaster, u.s. Receiver of Public 1917-18-19. President board of trustees Money and named in 1805 by Jeffer- Boston University路 1907-27. Member son as the first U.S. Judge for the Ter- Baalbec Lodge, East Boston and St. ritory of Michigan. He first appeared John's Royal Arch Chapter of Bosin St. Louis in 1806 where he was first ton. 33掳 AASR (NJ). Deceased. recorder of the Board or Land ComJoseph B. Bates Congressman missions. On May 7, 1807, Jefferson appointed him as the second secretary from Kentucky, 75th to 80th Confor the Territory of Louisiana, a posi- gresses (1937-49). b. Oct. 29, 1893 at tion he held 13 years until the forma- Republican, Ky. Teacher and school tion of the state government. As Ter- superintendent for 16 years and counritorial secretary he compiled the ty clerk of Greenup County, Ky. Laws of the Territory of Louisiana, from 1922-38. Mason. which was the first book printed in John S. Battle Governor of Virthe territory. He was probably made ginia, 1950-54. b. July 11, 1890 at New a Freemason in Michigan for he is Bern, N.C. Admitted to bar in. 1913 listed as a charter member of St. and began practice at Charlottesville, Louis Lodge No. 111 (Pennsylvania Va. Member of Virginia general ascharter) in 1809. He succeeded Meri- sembly in 1920 and state senator from wether Lewis as Master. He is also 1934-49. Served in WW1. He is a listed as a charter member of Mis- member of Charlottesville Lodge No. souri Lodge No.1 (12 under Tenn.) 55 and a past master. A member of when the Grand Lodge of Missouri Keystone Chapter No. 58, R.A.M. and was formed in 1821. He was elected past high priest. Member of Chargrand master on Oct. 3, 1821 and lottesville Commandery No.3, K.T. turned it down for reasons of heavy and Acea Shrine Temple, Richmond, business and poor health. This was Va. probably true as he died Aug. 4, 1825 Laurie C. Battle Congressman after having served as governor for from Alabama to 80th and 8Ist Conless than a year. 67

Arthur A. Batts gresses (1947-51). b. May 10, 1912 at Wilsonville, Ala. Graduate of Birmingham-Southern College and Ohio State Univ. Has been a laborer, clerk, salesman, personnel worker and teacher of sociology at Ohio State Univ. Served in WW2 Pacific Theatre and rose from private to major. Member of Docena Lodge No. 815, Docena, Ala.; 32掳 AASR at Birmingham, Zamora Shrine Temple; High Twelve and O..E.S. chapter No. 118, Birmingham.

Arthur A. Batts Chairman of the board of the Carborundum Co. b. June 25, 1884 at Syracuse, N.Y. With the Carborundum Co. since 1901 as bookkeeper, office manager, assistant secretary, secretary (1827-42); president (1942-46) and chairman of the board since 1947. Mason. Clyde M. Bauer Geologist, naturalist. With National Park Service. b. April 5, 1886 at Bristol, Ind. Taught school; was high school principal from 1908-11. With U.S. Geological Survey 1911-16. Commercial geologist 1916-31. Park naturalist, Yellowstone National Park 1932-46 (chief naturalist 194346). Director of Yellowstone Library and Museum Association, 1932-46. Wrote The Story of Yellowstone Geysers (1937) and Yellowstone-Its Underworld. Raised in Bartlesville, Okla. in 1917 and now life member of Columbia Lodge No. 14, Boulder, Colo. 32 0 AASR (SJ) at Billings, Mont. and member of Al Bedoo Shrine Temple, Billings. Howard K. Bauernfeind President of J. B. Lippincott Co. Philadelphia, book publishers since 1949. b. April 12, 1900 at Council Bluffs, Iowa. Graduate of Central College, Naperville, lli. and Univ. of Chicago. School superintendent from 1921-30. With Lippincott Co. since 1930 as edit.or, managing editor and vice president. Raised in Monmouth Lodge No. 37,

Monmouth, ID. in 1922. Member of Monmouth Chapter No. 30, R.A.M.

Harry L. Baum (1887-1951) Physician and author of several Masonic plays. b. Sept. 7, 1887 at Shelbyville, TIL Graduated in medicine from University of Pennsylvania and removed to Denver, Colo. where he specialized in diseases of ear, nose and throat. Was first master of Emulation Lodge No. 154 of Denver and served as grand master of the G.L. of Colorado 193738. Was chairman of the correspondence committee of the G.L. for many years. 33 0 AASR (SJ) in 1929. Best known for his Masonic plays, John Brent and Prelude to Victory. d. March 25, 1951.

Warren W. Baumgartner


and illustrator. b. Oakville, Mo. March 15, 1894. Student at Art Institute of Chicago and Grand Central School of Art, N.Y. illustrator for national magazines since 1938. Exhibited at National Academy American Water Color Society. Awarded Adolph and Clara Obrig prize in 1941 and Hans Obst prize in 1945. Mason. Bruce R. Baxter (189路2-1947) Bishop, Methodist Church 1940-47. b. Aug. 18, 1892 at Rock Run, Ohio. Assistant to president of University of Southern California 1924-30 and' president of Willamette Univ., Salem, Ore. 1934-40. President of Oregon Assn. of Independent Colleges 1939-40. Mason, Knight Templar, 32 0 AASR. d. June 20, 1947. James P. Baxter (1831-1921) Author. b. March 23, 1831 at Gorham, Me. President of Savings Bank of Portland and mayor of Portland six terms (1893-97) (1904-05). Organized and established Portland Society of Art in 1883 and Associated Charities. Built and donated libraries to Portland (1888) and Gorham (1907) and conveyed the family mansion to city of Gorham for a museum. President


Jack Beall, Jr. of the Maine Historical Society from 1890. Author of many historical works including The Trelawney Papers (1884); George Cleve and His Times (1885); The British Invasion from the NO'fth (1887); The Voyages of Jacques Cartier (1906), and edited 20 volumes of documentary history of Maine. Mason. d. May 8, 1921. Jedediah H. Baxter Surgeon General, U.S. Army. Member of Columbia Commandery No.2, K.T. at Washington, D.C. d. Dec. 4, 1890.

John B. Mac. Baxter (1868-1946) Chief Justice, Supreme Court of New BrWlswick from 1935. b. Feb. 16, 1868 at Saint John, N.B., Canada. Began as an attorney in 1890. Attorney general of New Brunswick 1916-17; premier of New Brunswick, 1925-31; member of Canadian Parliament 19路2125 and judge of Supreme Court, N.B. from 1931-35. Mason and 33掳 AASR. d. Dec. 27, 1946. Warner Baxter Movie actor. Member Cahuenga Lodge No. 513, Hollywood and of the "233 (Masonic) Club.)'

Francis Baylies

June 3, 1879 at Wilmington, Del. Graduated B.A. from Delaware College in 1900. Admitted to bar in 1904. Raised in Eureka Lodge No. 23, Wilmington. Author of two volume history of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite (Northern Jurisdiction) in 1938. d. Sept. 9, 1947. Alfred W. Bays Lawyer, president of The Abbott Foundation and vice chairman of board of Abbott Laboratories since 1947. b. July 12, 1876 at Vermont, TIl. Graduate of Northwest.. ern Univ. School of Law, 1904. Professor of law, 1912-37 at Northwestern. Trustee Northwestern Univ., Lake Bluff Orphanage, Ravenswood and Evanston hospitals and others. Editor and compiler of American Commercial Law Series (9 vals.) and other law works. Mason. Etienne-Francois Bazot b. March 31, 1782 at Nievre, France. Wrote a Masonic dictionary and manual. George L. Beal Union general in Civil War. b. May 21,1825 in Norway, Maine. He left Portland on Oct. 6, 1861 as colonel of 10th Maine regiment. Appointed by president as brigadier general of volunteers Nov. 30, 1864 and mustered out of service Jan. 15, 1866. Member of Oxford Lodge No. 18, Norway, Maine.

Lawyer, author,

member of Congress and u.s. Minister

to Buenos Aires. Original lodge not known, but made honorary member of Mount Lebanon Lodge, Boston, Mass. on Jan. 26, 1835. Hojijah Baylies Aid to General Washington in Revolutionary War. Held rank of major and was member of Masters' Lodge No.2, New York. William Baylis (1848-1919) Archi-

Jack Beall, Jr. Radio commentator and newspaperman. b. Dec. 6, 1898 at Waxahachie, Texas. Graduate of Princeton (1921), and Yale Law School, 1924. Admitted to Texas bar in 1924, but gave up practice in 1929 to become newspaperman. With Dallas Times-Herald and New Yo-rk Her.. aId Tribune and then London corre-

teet, inventor and Sovereign Grand Commander, Supreme Council. b. Nov. 8, 1848 at Pictou, N.S., Canada. Became superintendent hospital construction, office of surgeon general, u.s. Army in 1882 (Major). Invented combination steam and hot water heating system in 1893.

spondent and later Washington correspondent covering White House, Senate and State Department (1937-43). Entered radio field in 1944, with WLW, Cincinnati. Now Washington correspondent for A.B.C. with Head-

Samuel H. Baynard, Jr. (1879..1947) Secretary General of AASR (NJ). b.


Walter B. Beals

line Edition; News of Tomorrow and This Week Around the World. Mason. Walter B. Beals Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Washington (1933-34 and 1945-46) and presiding judge for the War Crimes Tribunal in Nurnberg, Germany, 1946-48 (with military leave of absence from Supreme Court of \JVashington). b. July 21, 1876 at St. Paul, Minn. Admitted to Washington bar in 1901. Judge of Supreme Court of 'Vashington 1928 to 1952. Advanced from private to lieutenant colonel in WW1, served in Meuse-Argonne offensive. Mason and 32째 AASR.

Rosenham (Jack) Beam Brigadier General U.S. Air Force. b. June 11, 1895 at Bardstown, Ky. Commissioned 2nd lieutenant Infantry in 1916 and advanced through grades to brigadier general, Air Force, 1948. Served in WW1 with Aviation Section, Signal Corps. Commanded the 12th Air Support Command in invasion of North Africa 1932-43. Commander of various air force bases since 1944. Commanding general of Air Force Technical School, Lowry Air Force Base, Denver since 1945. Mason,National Sojourner and Shriner. Alexander G. E. Beaman (18851943) Insurance executive and Masonic editor. b. June 23, 1885, Hartford, Conn. Started as shorthand teacher with Gregg School, Chicago and later as executive assistant of railroads and banks. Organized the A. G. Beaman Agency, Ltd. and headed since 1929. President of Fire-Police Commission, City of Los Angeles and director of Hollywood Academy of Fine Arts. Managing editor of Ma.. sonic Digest, 1923-25 and secretary of Masonic Periodicals Corp. 1923-25. Active for many years in the care of homeless and transients. ,Editor of Los Angeles Consistory BuUetin from 1912. d. Oct. 22, 1943. 70

John V. Beamer Congressman from Indiana to 82nd Congress (1951.. 53). b. Nov. 17, 1896 in Indiana. A.B. from Wabash College, 1918. Farm owner and operator since 1943. Member of Hanna Lodge No. 61; Wabash Chapter No. 26, R.A.M.; Wabash Council No. 13, R. & S.M.; Wabash Commandery, No. 37, K.T. all of Wabash, Ind. and Capital Forest No. 104, Tall Cedars of Lebanon at Washing.. ton, D.C. Henry J. Bean (1853-1941) Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Oregon (1930-32 and 1937-38). b. Nov. 13, 1853 at Bethel, Maine. Admitted to bar, 1881. Member of Oregon house of representatives 1889, district attorney, county co-judge, circuit court judge. Justice of Supreme Court of Oregon, 1911 to term expiring in 1944. d. May 9, 1941. Cyrus Beard (1850-1920) Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Wyoming, 1911-13. b. Aug. 1850 in Venango Co., Pa. Began practice of law in Washing.. ton, Iowa, 1874. Removed to Harlan, Iowa, 1878 and to Evanston, Wyo., 1890. Justice of Supreme Court of Wyoming, 1904 to term expiring in 1921. d. Dec. 17, 1920. Daniel Carter Beard (known as Dan Beard) (1850-1941) American painter, illustrator and organizer of the Boy Scout movement in the United States. b. June 21, 1850 at Cincinnati, Ohio. Started as book and magazine illustrator and teacher of drawing. Originator and founder of the first boy scout society from which others were modeled. National Scout Commissioner and honorary vicepresident of B.S.A. Awarded the Golden Eagle, by B.S.A., the only one ever given. Chief scout, dept. of woodcraft at Culver (Ind.) Military Academy (1911-15). Mt. Beard, the peak adjoining Mt. McKinley is named for him. Wrote many books on scouting and wilderness lore including: Moon..

Eugene de Beauharnais

light and Six Feet of Romance (1890); American Boys' Handy Book (1882); Boy Pioneers and Daniel Boone (1909); Shelters, Shacks and Shanties (1914); Bugs, Butterflies and Beetles (1915); Signs, Signals and Symbols (1918); American Boy's Book of Wild Animals (1921) and at least a dozen others. Associate editor of Boy's Life. Chief of School of Woodcraft. Raised in Mariners' Lodge No. 67, New York City and later a member of Cornucopia Lodge No. 563, Flushing, N.Y. at the time of his death on June 11, 1941.

learned the secrets of the first degree before she was discovered, upon which she herself was initiated. The only reference to the occurrence, which is probably tradition, is found in A General History of the COU1tty of Norfolk' (1829). It gives the following: "Died in St. John's Maddermarket, Norwich, July, 1802, aged 85, Mrs. Beaton, a native of Wales. She was commonly called the 'Freemason' from the circumstance's of her having contrived to conceal herself one evening in the wainscoting of a lodge room, where she learned the secret, the knowledge of vvhich thousands of her sex have in vain attempted to arrive at. She was, in many respects, a very singular character, of which one proof adduced is, that the secret of Freemasons died with her."

Arthur L. Beardsley (1869-1944)

President of Miles Laboratories, Inc. b. Dec. 27, 1869. Employed by hardware companies until 1900 and with Cleveland Twist Drill Co. 1902-20. With Miles Laboratories since 1920, purchasing agent, plant manager, treasurer, general manager and president and treasurer. Mason, Knight Templar, Shriner. d. Jan. 4, 1944.

John Beatty Commissioner General of prisoners (with rank of Colonel) in Revolutionary War. Raised in Trenton Lodge No.5, Trenton, N.J. A past master of that lodge, he was elected grand master of the G.L. of New Jersey Jan. 11, 1791. In 1792 he transferred his membership to Solomon's Lodge No.1.

William S. Beardsley (1901-1954) Governor of Iowa 1949-54. b. May 13, 1901 at Beacon, Iowa. Retail druggist and jewelry business, 1922-38. Operator of 900-acre farm from 1938. Member of Iowa state senate, 1932-40 and house of representatives, 1947-48. Killed in highway accident while governor on Nov. 21, 1954.

Troy Beatty (1866-1922) Bishop, Protestant Episcopal Church. b. Nov. 12, 1866 at Tuscaloosa, Ala. Deacon, 1891; priest, 1892. Rector in various churches in Tennessee and Georgia until 1919 when consecrated coadjutor bishop of Tenn. (Sept. 18). Deputy to General Convention from 1901. Mason. d. April 23, 1922.

Theodore P. Beasley President, ovmer and general manager of Republic National Life Insurance Co., Dallas since 1937. b. June 29, 1900 at Mt. Ayr, Iowa. Started in insurance business, Joplin, Mo. in 1928. Director of several companies. Active nationally and internationally in Y.M.C.A. and Salvation Army work. Member of Washington Lodge No. 1117, Dallas, Texas. 32째 AASR, Dallas and Hella Shrine Temple.

Henry, 5th Duke of Beaufort Grand master of G.L. of England, 1767-71. Of the Somerset family holding earldoms and later marquess of Worcester, merging in 1682 with dukedom of Beaufort. Its founder was Charles Somerset (1460?-1520) illegitimate son of Henxy' Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset.

Mrs. Beaton (1717-1802) A lady of Norfolk, England, who it was said, concealed herself in a lodge room and

Eugene- de Beauhamais (1781-1824)


Campbell E. Beaumont

pointed junior warden the same year. Fearing an attempt at kidnapping might be made by those who had effected "policies" on the issue, Beaumont was sheltered by Earl Ferrers at Staunton Harold near Ashby-dela-Zouch. Ferrers was grand master of England in 1762-63. In 1777 an action was brought by a policyholder against an insurance broker to recover the sum secured by the policy, and when two witnesses swore in court that, of their own personal knowledge, the Chevalier was a womCampbell E. Beaumont Judge, an, Beaumont admitted that "he" U.S. District Court of Southern Cali- was a female. In order to receive a fornia since 1939. b. Aug. 27, 1883. pension from France, Louis XVI deAdmitted to bar in 1912. Served as creed that Beaumont should wear assistant and district attorney. Was woman's dress to the end of "his" judge of Calif. Superior Court, 1921- life. Beaumont never again entered 39. Mason. a Masonic lodge.

Viceroy of Italy. b. Paris. Served with Napoleon in Egypt, 1798-99. Napoleon made him viceroy of Italy in 1805. He married Princess Amalie Auguste of Bavaria in 1806. In the same year he was formally adopted by Napoleon and made heir apparent to the throne of Italy. He commanded the army corps in Russia (1812), retiring to Bavaria in 1814 and became the Duke of Leuchtenberg and Prince of Eichstatt. He was Grand Commander of the Supreme Council of Italy.

Chevalier d'Eon de Beaumont (1728-1810) A French political adventurer and Freemason who was thought to be an hermaphrodite or a woman. The full name was Charles Genevieve Louis Auguste Andre Timothee de Beaumont. "He" was born at Tonnerre, Burgundy, France on October 5, 1728. In 1755 Beaumont received an appointment at the court of Louis XV and was sent to Russia as a secret agent in woman's dress. In 1762 he was sent to London as an agent and later became minister plenipotentiary. In 1764 doubts began to be expressed as to Beaumont's sex and between 1769 and 1777 the matter became so notorious that a scheme of "insurance on the sex of M. Ie Chevalier (or Mlle. 1a Chevalliere) d'Eon" resulted in policies to the amount of ÂŁ120,000. While the discussion was at its height, Beaumont was initiated a Freemason in La, Lodge de l'!mmoTtalite' No. 376. It was a French lodge under English constitution and met at the Crown and Anchor tavern on the Strand in London. "He" received the third degree in Janu.ary, 1769 and was ap-

William Beaumont (1796-1853) Pioneer physician who laid the foundations for the present medical know1.. edge of how the human stomach functions. b. in Lebanon, Conn. He was a surgeon with the U.s. Army and when stationed at Mackinac, Mich. in 1822, he was called to treat a young Canadian half-breed named Alexis St. Martin, who had been wounded in the stomach by the accidental discharge of a gun in the store of the American Fur Co. The opening in the stomach tailed to close and while alleviating the boy's suffering, Beau.. mont studied his stomach through this opening, noting the structure and ac.. tion of gastric juices. He noted that when St. Martin was upset by fear or anger the secretions of acid in his stomach would increase. He observed the effects of alcohol and time re.. quired for various foods to digest. His work Experiments and Observa.. tiom of the Gastric Juice and the Physiology of Digesti01't (1833) is con.. sidered the greatest single contribution ever made to the knowledge of gastric digestion. Although he did not expect St. Martin to live more than


Robert McC. Beck, Jr. cia! buildings and supervising architect of state capitol from 1911. Mason, 32째 AASR, Shriner. d. June 21, 1942.

36 hours, the youth survived Beaumont by many years. Beaumont was raised in Harmony Lodge, Champlain, N.Y. holding a certificate from that lodge dated April 11, 1820. He also held a certificate dated April 3, 1820 from the "Mark Master Masons Lodge in the town of Plattsburg, N.Y." A third certificate was issued to him by Plattsburgh Chapter No. 39, N.Y. dated April 3, 1820, which vouched for him as a Royal Arch Mason. After resigning from the Army, he practiced at St. Louis, Mo. where he died on April 25, 1853. In 1954 the Michigan State Medical Society sponsored the reconstruction of the retail store of the American Fur Co. on Mackinac Island where St. Martin was shot, as a memorial to Beaumont. Beaumont Ave. in St. Louis is named for him.

Robert C. Becherer President of Link-Belt Co., Chicago since 1952. h. June 25, 1902 at Indianapolis, Ind. Graduate of Purdue, 1923. With LinkBelt Co. since 1923. Raised in Mystic Tie Lodge No. 398, Indianapolis, Ind. in 1924.

J. George Becht (1865-1925) State superintendent of public instruction of Pennsylvania 1923-25. b. July 17, 1865. President of State Normal, Clarion, Pa. 1904-12 and with State Board of Education from 1912. Mason. d. April 26, 1925. Stephen Bechtel President of W. A. Bechtel Co. since 1936; vice president of Six: Companies, Inc. (builders of Hoover Dam) and of Bridge Builders, Inc. (foundations of San Francisco Bay bridges). b. Sept. 24, 1900 at Aurora, Ind. Vice president and director of a score of firms allied with the shipbuilding, pipe line and heavy construction field. Raised June 30, 1923 in Oakland Lodge No. 188, received 32째 AASR (8J) in Oakland Consistory in 1924; member of Aahmes Shrine Temple, all of Oakland, Calif.

Pierre G. T. Beauregard (1818-1893) Confederate General, Civil War. b. near New Orleans. Graduate of West Point, 1838 and served through Mexican War. Superintendent of West Point at outbreak of Civil War but resigned to enter Confederate Army. As brigadier general he was in command of the bombardment of Fort Sumter, serving through the Civil War at Bull Run, Shiloh and Corinth. He was manager of the Louisiana lottery, 1780-88 and commissioner of public works of New Orleans, 1888. Author of Principles and Maxims of the Art of War (1863) and A Com-

Adam L. Beck (1862-1939) Organizer and president of three Portland Cement Companies, Oklahoma (1906) Great Lakes (1925), Indiana (1917). b. May 9, 1862 at Huntington, Ind. Construction engineer from 1883-87 followed by organization of several limestone companies. Mason. d. Aug. 10, 1939.

mentary Oflt the Campaign and Battle of Manassas (1891). Mason and Knight Templar. Charles H. Bebb (1856-1942) Architect of Washington State Capitol and other west coast buildings. b. April 10, 1856 at West Hall, Surrey, England. Began practice in Chicago, 1886, and moved to Seattle in 1893, where as member of Bebb and Jones, designed buildings for University of Washington, residence and commer-

Edward A. Beck (1885-1925) City manager of Goldsborough, N.C. (191718) ; Auburn, Me. (1919-20) and Lynchburg, Va. from 1920. b. Jan. 19, 1885 at Peru, Ind. Mason. d. Oct. 18, 1925. Robert McC. Beck, Jr. Major Gen-


T. Romeyn Beck eral u.s. Army. b. May 9, 1879 at Westminster, Md. Graduate of West Point, 1901. Commissioned 2nd lieutenant, Cavalry 1901 and promoted through grades to brigadier general in 1936 and maj or general in 1938. Served in Philippines 1903-05 and 1909-11. Participated in many large offensives in WW1. Instructor in army service schools and chief of staff, Operations and Training Div. of War Department General Staff, 1938-39. Retired, 1939. Mason. T. Romeyn Beck (1791-1885) Physician and author. b. Schenectady, N.Y. Collaborated with his brother John B. in Elements of Medical Jurisprudence' (1823). Member of Masters Lodge No. 5, Albany, N.Y. Arthur D. Becker (1878-1947) Osteopathic physician, president of American Osteopathic Assn. 1931-32 and president of American College of Osteopathic Internists since 1944. President of Des Moines Still College of Osteopathy, 1935-42. President of Associated Colleges of Osteopathy 1938-39. Mason. b. Aug. 20, 1878, at Austin, Minn. d. May 16, 1947. Rudolph Zacharias Becker (17521822) German popular writer, journalist and active Freemason of Gotha.. Edited Allgemeiner Reichsanzeiger ' d ( 拢rom 1791), NationaiJzeitung er Deutschen (1796). In 1786 he published an historical essay on the Bavarian Illuminati titled Grundsatze VeTjassung 'Und Schicksale des Illuminatens Order in Baiern. He also wrote Noth- und Hulfsbuchlein (1788), Mildheimisches Liederbuck (1799),

Librarian of Congress. Member of Williamsburg Lodge No.6, Williamsburg, Va. Johann Beckmann (1739-1811) German technologist and educator.. Pro..

fessor of economics, Gottingen (from 1770) and author of a history of in路 ventions. Mason. Marc, Michel and Joseph Bedarrlde Three brothers classed as Masonic charlatans who were active in the "Rite of Mizraim" during the middle of the 19th century. Elbert Bede Editor and publisher of several periodicals. b. June 28, 1881. Retired in 1936, moving to Portland, Ore. where he purchased the Masonic Analyst, changing its name to Oregon Mason in 1938 and later to Oregon Freemason. Raised in Chicago Lodge No. 271, North Branch, Minn. and later affiliated with Ashlar Lodge No. 209 of Portland, Ore. Gunning Bedford, Jr. (1742-1812) Constitution signer of 1787. b. Philadelphia. Colonel and aide to General Washington in Revolution. Washington appointed him the first judge of the U.S. District Court of Delaware, a position which he held until his death. He was the first grand master of Delaware (1806-08). Graduated from Nassau Hall (now Princeton) with distinction. Studied law in Phila-

John C. W. Beckham Governor of Kentucky. Member of Duvall Lodge No.6, Bardstown, Ky. (June, 1901) A Knight Templar.

delphia and practiced in Delaware. He was raised on Sept. 11, 1782 in Washington Lodge No. 14 (under Pa.) and now No.1 of Delaware. He served as master of the lodge but the date is not known. It was through his efforts that two U.S. senators were obtained for Delaware. He died March 30, 1812 at Wilmington and was buried with honors by the G.L. of Dela.. ware on the lawn of the Masonic Home on Lancaster Pike about three miles from Wilmington.

John J. Beckley First clerk of the House of Representatives and first

Joseph D. Bedle Governor of New Jersey. Raised in Olive Branch Lodge

and a description of his experiences

in prison in 1814.


Fred I. Holt Beever No. 16, Freehold, N.J. on April 24, 185.7.

Began practice at Portland in 1907. Practiced law in Washington, D.C. from 1935. Mason. d. Sept. 20, 1947.

Bernard B. Bee, Jr. Confederate General in Civil war. Graduate of

Frederick W. Beekman American clergyman, dean of Nativity Pro-Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, Paris, France since 1918 (Protestant and Episcopal). b. Feb. 14, 1871 at Newbury, Mass. Ordained priest, 1905. Founder of American Students and Artists Center, Paris since 1919. Founder of American Battle Cloister, Paris, 1923. Served in Spanish-American War 1898. Mason.

West Point. Bee named General T. J. Jackson "Stonewall" in the first battle of Bull Run where Bee was killed. A Knight Templar in Texas. Hamilton P. Bee Confederate General in Civil War. Member of Austin Lodge No. 12, Texas. Lewis C. Beebe Brigadier General U.S. Army. b. Dec. 7, 1891. Commissioned 2nd lieutenant in 1917 advancing through grades to brigadier general in 1942. Served as regimental staff officer 3rd Inf. Division in WW1. Deputy chief of staff for General MacArthur on Corregidor and chief of staff for General Wainwright until surrender of U.S. forces in Philippines. Japanese prisoner of war from 19421945. Later served in Europe. Mason.

Alfred B. Beers (1845-1920) Commander in Chief of G.A.R., 1912-13. b. April 23, 1845 at New Rochelle, N.Y. Served as enlisted man Civil War, 1861-65. Lawyer in Bridgeport, Conn. from 1871. Mason. d. March 30, 1920. Wallace Beery (1889-1949) Movie star, actor. b. in Kansas City, Mo. and attended Chase School in that city. He ran away from home to join a circus and became an elephant trainer. He was first identified with the film world as a female impersonator. He is noted for his character roles in such films as Big House" Hell Divers" The Champ, Grand Hotel, Stable Mates, Sergeant Madden, and Bad Man of Brimstone. Was awarded gold medal as "World's best actor" by the International Motion Picture Exposition at Venice, Italy in 1934. Was a member of the advisory board of the Bank of America. Beery belonged to Blaney Lodge No. 271 of Chicago, 32 0 AASR and a Shriner. d. April 25, 1949.

Royden E. Beebe Brigadier General, U.S. Army. h. Dec. 14, 1878 at Burlington, Vt. Graduated in chemistry cum laude, Univ. of Vermont, 1900. Commissioned 2nd lieutenant, Infantry, U.S. Army in 1901, advancing through grades to brigadier general in 1942. His son, Royden E., Jr., is also a brigadier general. Served 82nd division WWl. and commanding general of Fort Jackson, s.c. in 194143. Retired. Mason.

R. Livingston Beeckman (1866-1935) Governor of路 Rhode Island. b. April 15, 1866 in New York City. Banker and member of New York Stock Exchange, 1887-06. Member R.I. house of

representatives, 1909-11 and state sen.. ate, 1912-14. Served three terms as governor, 1915-21. Mason. d. J an. 21, 1935. Carroll L. Beedy (1880-1947)

Fred I. Holt Beever His Masonic burial was the first Masonic ceremony held in the present state of N. Dak. While carrying orders from General Sibley to Col. Crooks, near the conjunction of Apple Creek and the Missouri River, Beever took the wrong route and was ambushed and killed


gressman from Maine to 67th to 73rd Congresses (1921-35). b. Aug. 3, 1880

at Phillips, Maine. LL.B. Yale, 1906.


Harvey A. Beffa by the Indians. A marker erected on the spot by the Grand Lodge of North Dakota to his memory, bears the following inscription: "On this spot, July 31, 1863, occurred the first Masonic Ceremony held in the present State of North Dakota. It was the Masonic funeral of Lieutenant Fred I. Holt Beever, an Englishman and Oxonian, and a volunteer soldier attached to the staff of General H. H. Sibley. He was killed in a skirmish with the Indians and was buried in the rifle pits which were dug along this ridge. Deputy Grand Master John C. Whipple of Minnesota, convened an emergency Masonic Lodge, with brothers A. J. Edgerton as Worshipful Master, J. C. Braden, Senior Warden, and Patch, Junior Warden, and the body of Brother Beever was here consigned to earth with Masonic Services. This tablet and marker has been placed by the Grand Lodge A.F. & A.M. of North Dakota, 1920, to Icommemoxate the fact fuat while Lieutenant Beever died far away from home and among strangers, yet he was among brethren, who saw that the honors so justly his due were paid him."

Harvey A. BefIa Brewery executive and past imperial potentate of Shrine. b. June 19, 1900 at St. Louis, Mo. With Anton Beffa & Son Wreck.. ing Co., 1915-33. With Falstaff Brewing Corp., St. Louis since 1933 being vice president and director in 1935 and now executive vice president and general manager. Raised in Purity Lodge No. 658, St. Louis, Mo. in 1925, serving as master in 1935. Member of Cabany Chapter No. 140, R.A.M. and St. Aldemar Commandery No. 18, K.T. 32 0 AASR (SJ) Valley of St. Louis. Potentate of Moo1ah Shrine temple in 1940.. Member of Grotto and D.E.S. Imperial potentate, North America from 1952-53 of Shrine and honorary life member of 75 Shrine temples.

Lyall T. Beggs National command.. er Veterans of Foreign- Wars, 1948. b . Nov. 1889 at Plainfield, Wis. Grad.. uate of University of Wisconsin, 1925. Admitted to bar in 1926. Member of Wisconsin legislature 1940-46. Mason, 32掳, Shriner.

Josiah W. Begole Former Gover.. nor of Michigan. Member of Flint Lodge No. 23, Flint, Mich. Herman A. Behrens (1883-1945) President of Continental Assurance Co. from 1928. b. Sept. 29, 1883 at Hamburg, Germany. With Pacific Mutual Life of California from 1903-12, coming to Chicago in 1907 where he became vice president and manager of Continental Casualty Co. in 191228. Mason, 32 0 AASR, Shriner. H. Frederick路 Behrens (1870-1935) President of Sterling Products, Inc. and Bayer Co., Inc. b. Aug. 4, 1870 at Wheeling, W. Va. Trustee of Washington and Jefferson College. Mason. d. Jan. 17, 1935.

William W. Behrens Commodore, Navy. b. June 6, 1898 at Lan路 caster, Pal Commissioned ensign in 1918 and advanced through grades to commodore in 1945. Executive officer of USS Concord during Pearl Harbor attack and subsequent duty in Pacific. Mason.


Lynden E. "Bee" Behymer (18621947) Impresario and manager of world celebrities on the Pacific coast. b. Nov. 5, 1862 at New Palestine, Ohio. Presented La Boheme first time in America on Oct. 14, 1897 at Los Ange.. les. In 1898 he formed and managed for 20 years the Los Angeles Sym.. phony Orchestra. Presented Metro.. politan Opera Co. on west coast in 1901, 02, 04, 06 and Boston Opera in 1910, 12. Chicago Opera Co. 1914, 16, 18. Brought the following to the west coast for tours: Sarah Bernhardt, Eleanora Duse,. Enrico Caruso, Sir Henry Irving, Edwin Booth, Paderew76

Clark Belden department commander of Red Cross in England in WW2. Mason.

ski, Rabindranath Tagore, Jacob Riis, Feodor Chaliapin. Presented Lawrence Tibbett, Maud Allan and Isadora Duncan in first concerts. Knight Templar, AASR member and Shriner. d. Dec. 16, 1947.

Ian Hay Beith (1876-1952) British major general, author and playwright. Served as junior grand deacon of the G.L. of England in 1934. Widely known to literary public and playgoers under psuedonym of his two christian names of "Ian Hay." d. Sept. 1952.

William A. Beiderlinden Brigadier General U.S. Army. b. March 4, 1895 at Springfield, Mo. Graduate Drury College, Springfield, Mo., and army service schools. Commissioned 1st lieut. in 1917 and advanced through grades to' brig. general in 1943. Commanded 44th Div. Arty. in WW2 and later assistant chief of staff G-l GHQ, SCApi and FEe, Tokyo, 1946. Mason.

Jonathan Belcher (1681-1757) Colonial governor of Massachusetts, and New Hampshire (1730-41) and of New Jersey in 1947. b. Jan. 8, 1681 at Boston and claimed by some to be the first native born American to become a Freemason. He was raised in an old "Guilde Lodge" in England in 1704--13 years before the founding of the G.L. of England. Others have claimed this honor for John Moore q.v. and John Skene q.1). Belcher is also reported as having been on the rolls of the craft in Nova Scotia at an early date. He graduated from Harvard in 1699, later affiliating with St. John's Lodge in Boston, Mass. In 1756 the trustees of Princeton University wanted to name Nassau Hall after Belcher stating "when your Excellency is translated to a house not made with hands, eternal in the Heavens, let Belcher Hall proclaim your beneficent acts." Upon his retirement as governor in 1741 the First Lodge of Boston called upon him to thank him for the many favors bestowed upon Freemasonry. In reply, he wrote the lodge: "... It is now thirty-seven years since I was admitted into the Ancient and Honorable Society of Free and accepted ~asons, to ~hoIn I have been a faithful Brother & well-wisher to the Art of Masonry ...." d. August 31, 1757 at Elizabethtown, N.J.

Robert S. Beightler Brigadier General U.S. Army. b. March 21, 1892 at Marysville, Ohio. Student at Ohio State University and of service schools. Member of engineering firm in Columbus, Ohio since 1930 and from 1912-30 was highway engineer, serving as chief engineer of Ohio State Highway Department. Enlisted in 4th Ohio Infantry in 1911, served on Mexican border and WWl. Promoted to major general in 1940 and permanent major general in 1944. Commanded 37th Division in WW2, 43 months in Pacific. Member War Department General Staff, Washington 1932-36; commanding 5th Service Command 1946..47; president of Army Personnel Board 1947-48; commanding general, Camp Chaffee, Ark. and 5th Armored Division since 1948. Mason. Received 33 0 Sept. 25, 1945. Edwin J. Beinecke President and ~hairman of board of The Sperry and Hutchinson Co. since 1923. b. Jan. 6, 1886 in New York City.. Graduate of Yale in 1907.. President of Henry Maurer & Son, 1921-23; president and chairman of board of U.S. Realty & Improvement Co. 1936-42; chairman of board Plaza Hotel Co. 1936-42; and present director of 13 large corporations. Served as captain in WWl and

Clark Belden Advertising and public relations expert. b. April 4, 1896 at Falls Village, Conn. Student at Brown, Comelland Northwestern


Manuel Belgrano of Law, 1913 and began practice in Kansas City same year. Member of city council of K.C. 1926-30 and judge of 16th Mo. Circuit Court 1931-34. Member of Temple Lodge No. 299 Kansas City, Mo.

Universities. Started as a reporter, 1914 in HartÂŁord, Conn. In advertising with Insurance companies from 1919 to 1924. With Connecticut Chamber of Commerce 1924-29 as secretary, vice president and director. Lecturer, advisor and public relations expert for many corporations, universities and quasi-governmental organizations. Mason.


Charles J. Bell (1858-1929) Banker, organizer of Bell & Co., Washing.. ton, D.C. in 1881. b. April 12, 1858 at Dublin, Ireland. Educated in Wesleyan College, Dublin. Came to U.S. in 1873. General manager of National Telephone Co. in 1880, organizing exchanges in north of England. Chairman of board of Terminal Cold Storage Co., Washington, from 1893. Trustee of George Washington National Memorial Association and National Geographic Society. Mason. d. Oct. 2,

Manuel BeIgrano Argentine pa.. triot who designed that country's flag. b. June 3,1779 at Buenos Aires. Stud.. ied in Spain and returned to River Plate as consul. Ardent supporter of the 1810 revolution, he formed part of the junta that governed the country for a short time. Was made a general and commanded an unsuccessful military expedition against Paraguay. After this defeat, he ere.. ated the Argentine flag. He returned to Spain to negotiate recognition of the new state and on his return was given another command, with which be defeated the Spanish Royalists. For these successes he received a substantial grant which he turned into the building of schools.


Charles S. Bell (1880-1945) Judge, Supreme Court of Ohio from 1942. b. Oct. 8, 1880 at Cincinnati, Ohio. Admitted to bar in 1910. Served as local solicitor and prosecutor and judge of court of common pleas, Hamilton Co. Mason, Shriner. d. Aug. 22, 1945. Frank Bell Acting Governor of Nevada. Member of Reno Lodge No. 13, and grand master of the Grand Lodge of Nevada.

Robert Edward, 11th Lord of Belhaven (and Stanton) Was 87th Grand Master Mason of Scotland 1931-32.

George M. Bell Publisher of The Albertan, Calgary, Alta, Canada since 1943. b. Oct. 13, 1911 at Regina, Sask., Canada. Graduate of McGill Univ. 1932. Liberal. Member of Perfection Lodge No.9, Calgary, Alta. and AI Azhar Shrine Temple of Calgary.

Brian Bell (1890-1942) Newspaperman and chief of Washington Bureau of Associated Press from 1939. b. March 30, 1890 at York, s.c. Began as a reporter in Columbia, S.C. and has been with Associated Press since 1924 as staff member in Atlanta, Ga., chief of New Orleans Bureau, general staff in New York (1926-30); chief of Los Angeles Bureau (193036); news editor, Western division (1936-39). Mason, 32° AASR, Shriner. d. June 8, 1942.

John Bell Former Governor of New Hampshire. Member of St. John's Lodge No.1, Portsmouth, N. H. John Bell (1797-1869) Secretary of War, u.s. Senator from Tennessee and speaker of u.s. House of Repre.. sentatives.. b. Feb. 15, 1797 near Nashville, Tenn. Member of state senate in 1817. Elected to Congress in 1827 over Felix Grundy q.'V. and reelected

Charles J. Bell Congressman from Missouri 74th to 80th Congresses (1935-49). b. Jan. 16, 1885 at Lake City, Colo. LL..B. Kansas City School


Giovanni Battista Belzoni Little Falls Lodge No. 181, Little FallS, N.Y. The original pledge as written by Bellamy did not contain the words "of the United States of America," or "under God." The Order of Eastern Star erected a memorial tablet to him in 1955 at the O.E.. S. Home in Oriskany, N..Y.

six times, serving until 1841. Elected speaker of house in 1834. Was one of the founders of the Whig party. Named Secretary of War in 1841 by Harrison. Elected to U.S. Senate in 1847, remaining in that body until

1859. Member of King Solomon Lodge No. 6 at Gallatin, Tenn., and was probably a member of Nashville Lodge No. 87 before he affiliated with the former lodge.

Johann Joachim Bellermann (17541842) German Theologian and Freemason.

John A. Bell Organizer of Negro

George, Viscount 9£ Bellfield Grand Master, Grand Lodge of Ireland in 1774. Later became 2nd Earl of Belvedere.

"bogus" lodges in competition with

legitimate Prince Hall (Negro) Grand Lodges.

Lawrence D. Bell Founder of Bell

Perry Belmont (1851-1947) Lawyer and philanthropist. b. Dec. 28, 1851 in New York City, son of August Belmont a noted financier. His grandfather was Commodore Matthew C. Perry q.v. Raised in Holland Lodge No.8, New York City on June 11, 1878 and received 50-year medal and palm on April 28, 1941. Graduated from Harvard in 1872 and Columbia law school in 1876. Practiced in New York until 1881 when he was elected to Congress and served until 1887.

Aircraft Corp·., 1935. (Buffalo, N.Y.)

b. April 5, 1894 at Mentone, Ind. Started with Glenn L. Martin Co., airplane mfgrs. as shop foreman in 1912 and became vice president and general manager. Then moved to Consolidated Aircraft Corp., (1928) and became vice president and general manager. Organized Bell Aircraft with associates in 1935. Completed the Airaconda, a twin-engine fighting plane with two cannons in 1937; began making the Airacobra, a pursuit plane with one cannon, in 1939 in mass production for U.S. Army. President of Aircraft War Production Council, East Coast, Inc.; president of National Aircraft War Production Council. Received trophy for aid in supersonic £light. Mason..

Charles S. Belsterling Vice president of U . S. Steel Corp. since 1932. b. May 31, 1874 at Philadelphia, Pat Admitted to Pennsylvania bar in 1904; general commerce attorney for U . S. Steel Corp.. from 1914 to 1932. Life member of Lodge No. 51, Philadelphia and 50-year veteran.. Member of Keystone Chapter No. 175, R.A.M. (life) and Corinthian Commandery (life), both of Philadelphia.. Life member of Zamora Shrine Temple, Birmingham, Ala. as well as Lu Lu Temple, Philadelphia.

Robert C. Bell Federal judge. b. Nov. 1, 1880 at Harrisonville, Mo. LL.B. University of Missouri, 1908.. U.S. district judge since 1933. U.S. Attorney General 1916-21; attorney for Red Lake Indians (Minn.) 192733; attorney for Pillager Indians (Minn.) 1930-33; Minnesota state senator, 1928-33; Author of Minnesota Income Tax Law. Mason.

Harry H. Belt Associate justice, Supreme Court of Oregon since 1925. b . Nov. 24, 1883 at Salem, Oregon. Mason.

Rev. Francis J. Bellamy (1855-1931) Author of the American "Pledge of Allegiance" to the flag. Member of

Giovanni Battista Belzoni (17781823) Italian explorer and archaeolo-


Thomas Benbury

gist. Explored Egyptian antiquities (1815-19); opened temple of Abu-Simbel (1817); discovered tomb of Seti I, Thebes (1817); opened second pyramid of Giza; transferred bust Young Memnon from Thebes to Alexandria. The N orjotk Remembrancer (England) in August 1821 said, "Mr. Belzoni, the celebrated traveller and dis.. coverer of Egyptian antiquities, visited Norwich; he stayed with Jeremiah Ives, Esquire, of St. Catherine's Hill; previous to his departure he received the high masonic degree of Knight Templar." He was referred to as "Bro. Belzoni" when his widow was helped by the Lodge of Emulation (London) in 1825. Bedford Lodge No. 183 (England) also contributed to his widow.

Thomas Benbury Brigadier General of Militia in American Revolution. Served as Master of Unanimity Lodge No.7, Edenton, N.C.

Baptist minister and author. b. Oct. 10, 1779 at Norwalk, Conn. Studied shoemaker's trade, but became in.. terested in religion and graduated from Brown Univ. in 1806. Although he did not hold a regular pastorate, he preached with great vigor until 92 years old. Devoted much time to historical research and wrote History of the' Ba.ptists (1813), History of aU Religions (1824), History of the Baptist Denominations in America and all Parts of the World (1848), Fifty Years among the Baptists (1860), and several others including poems and a hymn book. He was raised in Newport Lodge No.1, Nevvport, Rhode Island on June 24, 1827 and was a member of Pawtucket Chapter No.4 at Pawtucket, R.I. d. Dec. 5, 1874. Pope Benedict XIV (1675-1758) Anti-mason who issued a Papal Bull on May 18, 1751, renewing and perpetuating that of his predecessor which excommunicated all Freema. sons (see Pope Clement XII). His real name was Prospera Lambertini and he served as Pope from 1740, succeeding Clement XII, to his death in 1758. He greatly encouraged education, literature and science and was liberal in his policy toward foreign powers. He was, however, an implacable enemy of secret societies.

Charles A. "Chief" Bender (18831954) Baseball player. b. May 5, 1883 at Brainerd, Minn. A Chippewa Indian who was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1953 for winning over 200 games. He pitched for the Athletics in the 1905-1910-1911-19131914 world series. He defeated the New York Giants 3-0 for the Athletics' only victory in 1905. He was first pitcher in world series of six games (1911) to pitch three complete games. In 1910 he pitched a no-hit game against Cleveland. He petitioned Robert A. Lamberton Lodge No. 487 of Philadelphia, Pat when 27 years of age and was raised on April 4, 1911. He was suspended NPD in 1938, but reinstated in 1943.

William L. Benedict Surgeon, president of staff of Mayo Clinic 1932~ 34. b. Feb. 13, 1885 at Springport, Ind. Received M.D. degree at University of Michigan in 1912. In private pxac.. tice until 1917 when he went with the Mayo Clinic, Rochester,. Minn. as head of section of Ophthalmology. Member of Rochester Lodge No. 21 and Halcyon Chapter No. 8,R.A.M., both of Rochester, Minn.

Andrew B. Benedict (1885-1953) University administrator. President of Ward-Belmont, 1938-39 and trustee of Vanderbilt University from 1930-53. b. July 21, 1885 at Nashville, Tenn. Mason.

Eduard Benes (1884-1948) Presi~ dent of Czechoslovakia. Educated in universities of Prague, Paris, and Dujon. A disciple of Masaryk, he worked in Paris with him from 1915-19 in

David Benedict (1779-1874) Early


Augustus W. Bennet

per publisher. b. London, England, Nov. 8, 1883 and brought to the U.S. as a child. Publisher of the Erie (P'a.) Dispatch-Herald from 1925. Became president of Benjamin Advertising Corp. in 1913 and was president of the Erie Dispatch-Herald Broadcasting Corp. A director of Zem Zem Shrine Hospital for children and member of board of governors of B'nai B'rith. Mason. Deceased.

Czech nationalist movement. He was Czech delegate at peace conference in 1919-20 and first foreign minister of Czechoslovakia from 1918-35 and prime minister from 1921-22. He was co-founder of the Little Entente. Elected president of Czechoslovakia in 1935, he resigned in October, 1938 on German occupation of Sudetenland. Was appointed professor of sociology at the University of Chicago in 1939. President of the Czechoslovak government in exile with headquarters in England from 1939-45, returning to Czechoslovakia in March, 1945 and was re-elected president in 1946. Buried in the garden of his country home at Sezimovo Usti, Septemher 10, 1948, with both Catholic and Protestant services. When elected President of Czechoslovakia, he withdrew from Masonic activities, but remained interested in the fraternity and rendered his full moral and financial support in London where the National Grand Lodge of Czechoslovakia in Exile was established as well as the Com,enius in Exile Lodge. Benes was initiated in the Jan Amos Komensky Lodge No. 1 of Prague (the oldest modern Czechoslovak lodge) about 1924-25 and he later became a member of Pravda Vitezi (Truth Shall Prevail) Lodge of Prague, being passed and raised in the latter about 1927-28.

Aleksandr KhristoforoiVich Benkendorf (or Benckendorff) (1783-1844) Russian general and statesman. Family was originally German. He engaged in campaigns against Napoleon in 1813-15 and became Chief of Gendarmes under Nicholas I. Nicholas I banned Freemasonry in an edict dated April 21, 1826 just as his predecessor Alexander I q.v. had on Aug. 1,1822. Benkendorf was a member of the Lodge of United Friends in Peters-

burg. Winthrop W. Benner Rubber executive. b. Minneapolis, Minn.. March 25, 1881. President of National Synthetic Rubber Corp. from 1942 until retirement in 1948. Began as chemist for Oliver Iron Mining Co. in 1903 and later with Zenith Furnace Co., Atikokan Iron Co., production superintendent for Firestone Tire and Rubbereo. from 1909-14 and vice president of Lee Rubber Tire Corp. from 1915-26. Mason.

Conrado Benitez Philippine states-

Augustus W. Bennet Lawyer, congressman. b. Oct. 7, 1897 in New York City. Graduated from Amherst and Columbia Universities. Admitted to N.Y. bar in 1921 and practiced since in Newburgh, N.Y. Member of the 79th Congress (1945-47) from 29th N.Y. district. Served in Navy Air Corps in WWl. A past district deputy grand master of the Grand Lodge of New York. Member of Hudson River Lodge No. 607, Newburgh, N.Y., serving as master in 1930. Member of Highland Chapter, R.A.M. No. 52,

man, serving under Quezon. Helped write the Philippine constitution. A past grand master of the Philippines. Appointed a member of the Philippine delegation to the Manila Treaty Con£~rence by President Magsaysay. A 33° AASR, he served for a time as acting sovereign grand commander. Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Philippine Woman's University, president of the Y.M.C.A. and director of the Rotary Club of Manila.

. Louis Benjamin (1883-?)



William S. Bennet Newburgh and Tall Cedars of Lebanon. William S. Bennet Lawyer, congressman. b. Port Jervis, N.Y., Nov. 9, 1870. Member of 59th to 61st Congresses (1905-11) from 17th N.Y. district and 64th Congress (1915-17) from 23rd N.Y. district. Declined appointment as U.S. District Judge in 1906. Assistant treasurer of the United States in 1911; appraiser of Port of New York in 1912; assistant attorney general of U.S. in 1929; delegate to state constitutional convention in 1938; member of the U.S. Immigration Commission 1907-10. He moved to Chicago in 1920 as vice president and general counsel of Edward Hines lumber interests, returning to New York City in 1933 where he resumed practice. Mason and 32° AASR. Andrew C. Bennett Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy. b. Goodland, Kansas. Graduated from U.S.. Naval Academy in 1912 advancing from ensign to rear admiral in 1942. He commanded submarines and submarine units for 24 years, also serving on battleships and cruisers. Commanded light cruiser U.S.S. Savannah :from 1940-42; unit commander at Oran, Algeria area of invasion of North Africa in WW2. Commandant of 8th Naval District Hdqs. in New Orleans from 1943. Mason, 32° AASR. Deceased. Burton E. Bennett (1863-?) Lawyer, who as early district atto~ey £?r Alaska secured first convictIons In that territory for murder, adultery and illicit sale of intoxicants; secured 99 convictions out of 101 cases in spring tenn of 1898. b. April 17, 1863 at Brookfield, N.Y.. , he received three degrees from Cornell University. Practiced law in New York but early moved to Seattle, Washington. Mason. Caleb P. Bennett (1758..1836) Governor of De1aware. b . N ov. 11, 1758. in Chester Co., Pa. He entered the

Delaware regiment of the Revolution as a private and rose to 1st lieuten· ant, serving in the Battle of Brandy. wine and was wounded at German· tOW'll. At Valley Forge during winter of 1777 and in command of battery at surrender of Com.wallis at York.. town.. In the War of 1812 he was a major of the Delaware State Militia. His grandmother was Mary Boone! daughter of the famous Daniel Boone. He was governor of Delaware from 1832-36. He adhered to the old fash. ioned style of dress, low shoes, silver knee and shoe buckles, long silk stockings, white breeches, velvet coat with brass buttons, ruffled shirt bos· om, powdered hair and cue. H~ v:as raised in Lodge No. 14 at Chnstma Ferry, DeL, Jan. 16, 1781.. d. July 11, 1836. Charles E. Bennett Lawyer, can.. gressman. b.. Dec. 2, 1910 at Canton, N.Y. Graduated University of Florida in 1934 and admitted to Florida bar that year, since practicing in J ackso.n.. ville. Member of Florida State LegIS" lature in 1941 and member of 8lst Congress (1949-51) from 2nd Florida dist. Served in south Pacific in WW2, advancing from private to captain. Member of Riverside Lodge No. 266, Jacksonville, Fla. Charles Edwin Bennett Public utilities executive. b. May 21, 1888 at Ft.. Collins, Colo. Graduated University of Wisconsin in 1912. President and director of the following companies: Manufacturers Light and Heat Co., Natural Gas Co.. of W.. Va., Cum.. berland & Allegheny Gas Co., Home Gas Co., Binghamton Gas Works, The Keystone Gas Co., Inc., Eastern Pipe Line Co., Gettysburg Gas Corp. Mason. Charles H. Bennett President of Daisy Manufacturing Co. (air rifles) since 1920.. b'. Plymouth, Mich., July 27, 1863.. Began as salesman for Daisy 82

Robert R. Bennett Protestant Episcopal church. b. Nov. 28, 1882 at Deadwood, S.D. Degrees from University of Nebraska, Seabury Divinity School and Brown University. Priested in 1907, he served in Faribault, Minn., Holdrege, Nebr., Bozeman, Mont., Great Falls, Mont., and Minneapolis, Minn. He was bishop coadjutor of Duluth from 1920-22 and bishop of Duluth from 1922-32 when he became. auxiliary bishop of R.I. In 1946 he was named bishop of R.I. Mason.

Co. at Plymouth, Mich. in 1888. Was vice president from 1888-1920. Mason. Charles R. Bennett (?-1855) His tombstone bears the inscription "Capt. Charles Bennett was discoverer of gold in California." He came to California as a mule hostler with General Fremont, q.v., in 1845. While satering his mules at their camp on the American River, in what is now El Dorado Co., he picked up a small nuggett which he recognized as gold. He showed it to Fremont who paid little attention to the incident. Bennett afterwards moved to Oregon, but in company with Stephen Staat and James W. Marshall, returned to Calif. and was employed by Sutter to assist Marshall in the construction of the mill at Coloma. Bennett was present at Coloma when Marshall picked up the piece of gold which precipitated the gold rush. Staat said that Bennett picked up the original piece of gold before Marshall saw it.. As soon as Sutter recognized the extent ot the discovery at his mill, he sent Bennett to Monterey in an effort to induce Governor Mason to lease him the land surrounding the mill with mineral rights. The governor refused, believing the land was still held under Mexican law. After mining for some time on the lode Bennett returned to Oregon with a large quantity of gold and bull t the first hotel in Salem, located where the present Masonic temple stands today. Hotel keeping was a little tame for him, and soon he became captain of the Salem Oregon Mounted Rifles, and while leading the company in the Yakima Indian War, he was killed at Walla Walla in 1855. His body was returned to Salem where it was in, terred with Masonic honors by Salem Lodge No.4. Bennett was the fir~t candidate to have been initiated in that lodge.

Granville G.


Henry G. Bennett College president. b. Dec. 14, 1886 in Nevada Co., Ark. College degrees from Ouachita College, University of Oklahoma and Columbia University. Has served as president of Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical College since 1928. Previous to that he had served as superintendent of schools of Choctaw County, Okla. and at Hugo, Okla. He was president of Southeastern State Teachers College from 19191928. Mason. Philip A. Bennett (1881-1942) Congressman. b. March 5, 1881 in Dallas Co., Mo. Began as school teacher in 1899 and was publisher of the Buffalo (Mo.) Reflex from 1904-21. Served as state senator, 19th dist. of Mo. 192125 and lieutenant governor of Mo. from 1925-29. Was a member of the 77th Congress (1941-43) 拢rom 6th Mo. dist. Director of O'B路annon Banking Co. from 1919-36. Died Dec. 7, 1942 at Springfield, Mo. Mason. Richard Bedford Bennett (18701947) Prime minister of Canada. Statesman, minister of justice and attorney genera11921, served as prime minister from 1930 to 1935. Viscount Bennett was raised in Miramichi Lodge No. 18 at Chatham, N.B., and affiliated with Ashlar Lodge No. 28, Calgary,Alta., on April 14, 1910. Robert R. Bennett (1865-1933) Explorer, lawyer. b. Dec. 12, 1865 at

Bishop, 83

Thomas Bennett

speaker in 1906. Member of Maryland Senate 1912-14 and served in 65th and 66th Congress. Mason. Died Feb. 8, 1929.

Toledo, Ohio. LL.B. from George Washington Univ. in 1904. Served as special agent of the U.S. Dept. of Justice in 1917 as well as confidential agent of War Dept. Later a captain of Intelligence, General Staff. Sent on confidential mission to Central America in 1919 and conducted expedition to Yucatan, exploring ancient ruins for Museum of American Indian, N.Y. in 1930. Mason. d. Dec. 12, 1933. Thomas Bennett Governor of South Carolina who was a member of Solomons Lodge No.1, Charleston, SC . 路 Henry A. Benning Business executive. b. Aug. 8,1882 at Lyons, N.Y. President and general manager of Amalgamated Sugar Co., Ogden Transit Co. Director of First Security Bank, Mountain States Implement Co., Utah Power and Light Co. and U.S. Beet Sugar Assn. Residence, Ogden, Utah. Mason and Shriner. Pierre L. L. Benoit (1834-1901) Brelgian composer and director of Antwerp Conservatory of Music. A leader in Flemish musical circles, composing oratorios, operas, cantatas, religious dramas, hymns and songs. A Freemason according to Cock's Dictionnaire Maccmique, pu blished in Brussels.

Elmer A. Benson U.S. Senator and governor of Minnesota. Raised in Appleton Lodge No. 137, Appleton, Minn. on Jan. 3, 1917. William E. Benswanger Insurance and baseball executive. b. Feb. 22, 1892 at New York. In insurance busi. ness from 1911-31 and in baseball from 1931 to 1946. President, treas路 urer and director of Forbes Field Co.; director of the National League and former president of the Pittsburgh Pirates (he sold in 1946). Served in Air Service (balloon) during WWl. Now devotes himself to many musical activities. Director of Pittsburgh Sym. phony Society, president of Pitts路 burgh Concert Society and has writ路 ten extensively on music. Has been annotator of the Pittsburgh Symphony since 1926. A member of Lodge No. 45 and Zerubbabel Chapter No. 162 of Pittsburgh as well as Islam Grotto. Charles Bent 1799-1847) Pioneer and first American governor of New Mexico. b. at Charleston, Va. (now W. Va.) November 11, 1799. His father, Judge Silas Bent, emigrated to St. Louis, Mo. in 1806 and became a famous Missouri. jurist. Both were members of Missouri Lodge No.1, Charles being initiated on June 8, 1822'. He attended West Point, but resigned from the army to engage in the fur trade in Colorado and New Mexico. With his brother, William, and Ceran St. Vrain, organized a trading company and built an adobe fort known as Bent's Fort on the bank of the Arkansas River where the Santa Fe Trail crossed. When New Mexico was formed into a terri.. tory, he was named as first governor and thereby was ex-officio superin.. tendentof Indian Affairs. He left Santa Fe for Taos on Jan. 14, 1846 to

August Benson Clothing manufacturer. b. Nov. 29, 1892 at Simrishamm, Sweden. Vice president and designer of Richmond Bros. (clothiers), Cleveland, Ohio, since 1922. Earlier he was designer for Society Brand Clothes of Chicago. Mason, Knight Templar and Shriner. Carville D. Benson (1872-1929) Congressman from 2nd Maryland dist. b. Baltimore Co., Md. Aug. 24, 1872. Received law degree from Baltimore Univ.. and practiced at Baltimore from 1893. Served in Maryland's lower house of legislature from 1904-10 inclusive and again in 1918, being 84

Joseph Bentonelli return his family after hearing rumors of Mexican and Indian uprisings. Reaching Taos on Jan. 18 he was shot, and scalped while still alive in an Indian-Mexican raid of that evening. He was closely associated with Kit Carson q.v.

grand master of Iowa. Benton was a charter member of Missouri Lodge No.1 at St. Louis until the anti-Masonic days of 1831 when he withdrew for political reasons. Painter Thomas Hart Benton is his grandnephew. Thomas Hart Benton (1816-1879) Civil War general. b. Sept. 5, 1816 in Williamson Co., Tenn. Nephew of Missouri senator of same name q.'lJ. Raised July 16, 1849 in Iowa City Lodge No.4, Iowa City, Iowa and later a member of Bluff City Lodge No. 71, Council Bluffs, Iowa. Served as grand master of Iowa from 186062. As a Union general he saved the valuable Masonic library of Confederate General Albert Pike q.v. by placing a guard of Federal troops around Pike's Little Rock, Ark. home. d. April 10, 1879 at St. Louis, Mo.

Alvin M. Bentley Congressman and foreign service officer. b. Aug. 20, 1918 at Portland, Me. Graduated from Univ. of Michigan in 1940. Was a foreign service officer in Mexico City, 1942-44; Bogata, Colombia, 1945-46; Budapest, Hungary, 1947-49; and Rome, Italy 1949-50. Vice president of Lake Huron Broadcasting Co., Saginaw, Mich. since 1952. Member of U.S. Congress from 8th Dist. Mich. since 1953. Member of Owosso Lodge No. 81, Owosso Chapter No. 89, R.A.M., Owosso Commandery No. 49, K.T. all of Owosso, Mich. 32 0 AASR (NJ) in Bay City, Mich. and Elf Khurafeh Shrine Temple of Saginaw,

William P. Benton (1828-1867) Brigadier general (Union) in Civil War. b. Dec. 25,1828 Newmarket, Md. Whel?- 18 years old, enlisted as a private in Mexican War and fought at Contreras, Churubusco, Chapultepec and Mexico City. Returning to home at Richmond, Ind. he re-entered col.. lege and was admitted to bar in 1851. Early volunteer for Civil War and raised first company from Wayne Co., Ind. Fought battles at Pea Ridge, Port Gibson, Jackson, Champion Hills, Black River Bridge, Vicksburg and Mobile. At close of war he returned to Richmond and resumed practice of law. He was a member of Webb Lodge No. 24 at Richmond, Ind. and King Solomon Chapter No.4. d. March 14, 1867 at New Orleans, La.

Mich. George A. Benton (1848-1921) Judge. b. May 7, 1848 at Tolland, Conn. Admitted to N.Y. bar in 1874. Served as justice of Supreme Court of N.Y. from 1907-1918 when he was retired by age and appointed official referee. Mason. Died Sept. 10, 1921. Joseph Horace Benton Bentonelli)

(see Joseph

Thomas Hart Benton (1782-1858) U.S. Senator from Missouri, 1821-51. Defender of sound money; supported Jackson q.v. in his campaign against the national bank; often called "Old , Bullion.." In slavery issue he opposed secession, which resulted in his defeat in 1850 for another senate term. He did return to Washington from 1853-55 as congressman. His political autobiography is contained in his Thirty Years' View. His daughter, Jessie, married John C. Fremont q.v. and his nephew and namesake q.'l). became a Civil War general and

Joseph Bentonelli (Joseph Horace Benton) Lyric tenor. b. Sept. 10, 1898 at Kansas City, Mo. Holds three degrees from Univ. of Oklahoma and later studied with Jean de Reszke. Made debut in Don Giovanni at Nice, France in 1924 and created the world premieres of two operas-Il Vassalla at Trieste in 1930 and Cecilia at Rome


Lloyd Bentsen Victor L. Berger (1860-1929) Socialist leader and editor. Born in Austria and came to United States in 1879, settling in Milwaukee, Wis. Edit· ed the Milwaukee Daily V OTwaerts from 1892-98, the Social Democrat Herald in 1900 and Leader (socialist daily) from 1911. Berger, a pioneer in U.S. organizing Socialists, became a member of the U.S. House of Rep.. resentatives from 1911-13, being the first Socialist elected to Congress. He was elected again in 1918 and 1919, but excluded by Congress on the ground of disloyalty to the United States (1919). He was finally elected and seated in 1923, serving unti11929. He was sentenced to prison for 20 years on charge of giving aid and comfort to the enemy in time of war, (1918-19) but the sentence was reversed by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1921. He was raised in Aurora Lodge No.. 30, Milwaukee, Wis. on Feb. 26, 1889.

in 1934. Was with the Chicago Civic Opera in 1934 and made debut with Metropolitan Opera in 1936, when he took the lead on 33 hours notice. Has been tenor of the Metropolitan Opera Quartet since 1936. In 1934 he was voted one of Italy's four most popular tenors by the Italian Fascist Society of Musicians. Has served as advisor to dept. of voice at University of Oklahoma since 1944. In 1934 he was the star on three major radio hours of the NBC and guest on seven other radio hours. He gives yearly concert tours from coast-to-coast. Raised in Norman Lodge No. 38, Norman, Okla. on Nov.. 22, 1920 and received 32° at Guthrie, Okla.. Oct. 24, 1940.. Present home is Norman, Okla.. Lloyd Bentsen Congressman, judge. b.. Feb. 11, 1921 at Mission, Texas. LL.B. Univ. of Texas in 1942. Practiced law at McAllen, Tex. from 1945-1948; judge of Hidalgo Co., Texas from 1946.. 48.. Elected member of 80th Congress in 1948 to fill unexpired term. Member of 81st Congress (194951) from 15th Texas dist. Entered WW2 as private and rose to major in 1945. Served in European theater as squadron commander of bombers. Mason and Shriner.

George E. Bergstrom Architect. b. March, 1876 at Neenah, Wis. B.S. in architecture from Massachusetts In· stitute of Technology in 1899. After 14 years with architectural fums, went into business alone in 1913. Chief architect of The Pentagon, War Department building in Washington, D.C., 1942.. Also chief architect of the Pasadena Civic Auditorium; the Los Angeles County Hospital; Los Angeles Hall of Justice; Los Angeles Museum of History, Science and Art. Served as president .0£ the Los Angeles Housing Commission in 1916; editor o£ the Uni£orm Building Code, State o£ California 1938-39; chief coniulting architect to U.S. War Department in 1941. Mason.

Paul F. Berdanier Artist. b. March 7, 1879 at Frackville, Pa. Illustrator :for St. Louis Post-Dispatch from 190218. Painted St. Louis Veiled Prophet Ball in permanent collection of Missouri Historical Society; Canal at Moret, France in permanent collection, Museum of Fine Arts, Foret, France; six etchings on aviation themes in permanent collection of National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.; four etchings (satire) in John Vanderpoel Memorial Museum, Chicago; 19 etchings in·permanent collection of New York Public Library; one etching in Library of Congress. Now a cartoonist with United Feature Syndicate, Inc. Mason.

Randolph C. Berkeley Brigadier general, U.. S. Marine Corps. A Mason and Sojourner.

Richard C. Berkinshaw President and general manager of Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. of Canada, Ltd. b.


Max Bernd-Cohen Sept. 2, 1891 at Toronto, Ontario. Graduated in law, 1916 and has been \Vi.th Goodyear since 1920. Has served in capacities as assistant secretary, secretary, general counsel, assistant to president, and treasurer. Also vice president and director of The Goodyear Improvement Co., Ltd.; Toronto Elevators Ltd. and chairman of board of Easy Washing Machine Co., Ltd. Other directorates include Bank of Montreal, Mutual Life Assurance Co., Crown Trust Co., Phoenix Assurance Co. Raised in Georgina Lodge No. 343, Toronto on Nov. 2, 1929 and also charter member of Kingsway Lodge No. 565, Lamberton Mills, Onto Past master of his mother lodge. Past grand senior warden of grand lodge and presently member of the board of general purposes and chairman of the audit and finance committee, Grand Lodge of Canada. Life member of both St. Patrick's Chapter No. 145, R.A.M. and Cyrene Preceptory. 33째 AASR in Moore Consistory, Hamilton, Onto and Rameses Shrine Temple.

of the lodge on December 12, 1935. Berlin received the 32째 AASR (N.J.) on December 23, 1910 and was initiated into Mecca Shrine Temple on January 30, 1911, becoming a life member of the Shrine in December, 1936. Morton M. Berman Rabbi, Temple Isaiah Israel, Chicago, since 1937. b. Aug. 23, 1899 at Baltimore, Md. Degrees from Yale, Jewish Institute of Religion and studied in Palestine, France and Germany. From 1927 to 1937 was rabbi at temples in Davenport, Iowa and New York City. With 6th Marine division at Okinawa as chaplain, U.S.N.R. during WW2. Author of A Jew's View of the Crucifixion, Role of the Rabbi and other works. Mason and 32째 AASR (NJ).

Remigio Morales Bermudez (18361894) President of Peru from 189Q.94, dying in office. Previously he was a military leader and general. Mason. Jean Baptiste J. Bernadotte (see Charles XIV John, King of Sweden)

Irving Berlin Composer. b. May 11, 1888 in Russia, the son of Moses and Leah (Lipkin) Baline, who brought him to the United States in 1893. His only education was two years in the public schools of New York City. Served in WW1 as infantry sergeant at Camp Upton, N.Y. Is president of the Irving Berlin Music Corporation. Among his most famous compositions are: Alexander's Ragtime Band, A Pretty Girl Is Like a Melody, Easter Parade, Blue Skies, 0, How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning, White Christmas, God Bless America, All Alone, Remember, Always, Russian Lullaby, Beca'lLse I Love You.. On several songs he has turned over all royalties to a :foundation to assist youth in "less chance" areas. He received the first three degrees of Freemasonry in Munn Lodge No. 190, New York City on May 12, May 26 and June 3, 1910, becoming a life member

John Charles Bernadotte ( see Charles XV, King of Sweden) David Bernard Anti-Mason. An expelled member who had received degrees up to "Intimate Secretary," and in 1829 published a pretended expose entitled Light on Masonry. The book was one of the fruits of the antiMasonic excitement of that period. It was a worthless production, intended as a libel on the craft. Max Bernd-Cohen Artist, lecturer and critic. b. May 7, 1899 at Macon, Ga. Graduated from Columbia Univ. B.A. and LL.B. and studied art in Paris and Madrid. Painter of portraits, landscapes and murals. Has held one-man expositions in Madrid; Morgan Galleries, New York; Durand Ruel Galleries of New York and Paris; Boyer Galleries, Philadelphia, and Del Gado Museum at New Orleans. 87

Ben Bernie

Among his murals have been the Florida building at Chicago Century of Progress Exposition and The Sermon on the Mount for the First Methodist Church of Canon City, Colo. Served in WW1 and with the American Red Cross in Pacific during WW2. Mason. Ben Bernie (1893..1943) Orchestra leader and entertainer. b. May 31, 1893 at Bayonne, N.J. He first studied engineering and later became a violin salesman but switched to vaudeville in 1910. His real name was Abramovitz and he was known to his radio audiences as the "Old Maestro." From 1914-1917 he teamed up with Phil Baker. From 1923-1928 he was an orchestra leader in New York and later in London. Bernie served as master of ceremonies on many radio shows during his day. d. Oct. 20, 1943. He was a member of Keystone Lodge No. 235, New York City. Armand Berquin (1750-1791) French literary man called "The Friend of the Children." Bulletin of the International Masonic Congress of 1917 lists him. as a Freemason. Berridge, H. H. British General.. Present at the consecration of Lodge of Aviation in London on Sept. 5, 1952. George L. Berry (1882-1948) Union official and u.s. Senator. b. Sept. 12, 1882 at Lee Valley, Tenn. Started to work at age of 91J2 years with the Jackson Evening News (Miss.), and held every position in printing offices of various cities including St. Louis, Omaha, Denver, San Francisco. Was p:resident of the International Pressmen and Assistants Union of North America from 1907 until his death. Organized the movement and built the Pressmen's Home in Tennessee where he died on Dec. 4, 1948. Appointed U.S. Senator from Tenn. May 7, 1937 to :fill unexpired term of

Nathan L . Bachman. Private, 3rd Marines (Miss.) in Spanish-American War.; major AEF during WWl. Dele路 gate to Britain representing A.F. of L. to British Trades Union Congress, Newport, Wales in 1912; delegate to International Economic Congress in Zurich, 1912; delegate to International Printer's Congress, Stuttgart, Germany in 1912. One of the founders of the American Legion and past national vice commander. Defeated by three votes for vice presidential nomination in 1924 and declined to have name submitted in 1928. Mason, Knight Templar and Shriner. Honorary member of St. Brides Lodge of England. d. Dec. 4, 1948. Hiram G. Berry (1824-1863) Union Major General in Civil War. b. Aug. 27, 1924 at Thomaston (now Rockland) Maine. Learned the carpenter's trade as well as navigation. Served as mayor of Rockland and organized a company of volunteers. At beginning of Civil War he entered as a colonel of the 4th Maine Infantry and took part in the battles of Bull Run, Yorktown, Williamsburg, Fair Oaks, 2nd Bull Run and Chantilly. Had risen to路 the rank of major general when he was killed at battle of Chancellorsville on May 2, 1863. His or.. ders on that date were "Go in, gener.. al; throw your men into the breach; don't fire a shot-they can't see you!" Berry was junior deacon of Aurora Lodge No. 50, Rockland, Maine..

James D. B,erry, Jr. Oil producer and cattle breeder. b. March 25, 1914. An oil producer in the Penn. field since 1934. A breeder of registered Guernsey cattle, Titusville, Pa. since 1939. A director of Quaker State Oil Refining Corp. since 1940. Secretary and director of Oil City National Bank since 1945. Member of Fraternal Lodge No. 483, Rouseville, Pa.; Oil City Chapter No. 236, R.A.M. and Talbot Commandery No. 43, K.T. all 88

Bartholomew Berthold switching to cartooning in 1896. Was with the Washington Post from 18961907, going to the Washington Evening Star on Feb. 1, 1907 where he remained until his death. He was the originator of "T'eddy Bear" and winner of the Pulitzer Prize in 1943. He is the author of 'Berryman's Cartoons of the 58th House (probably the only cartoonist who has cartooned every member of anyone Congress). He was a past master of Temple Noyes Lodge No. 32 of Washington, D.C., a Knight Templar and Shriner. d. Dec.. 11, 1949.

of Oil City. Served as commander of his commandery. 32 0 AASR (8J) at New Castle, Pa. and member of Zem Zem Shrine Temple, Erie, Pa.

Kearie L. Berry Brigadier Gener.. al, U.S. Army. h. July 6, 1893 at Dent.. on, Texas. Attended University of Texas and officer's training camp, commissioned 2nd lieutenant of infan.. tryon Aug. 15, 1917, advancing through grades to brigadier general (Temp.) on Jan. 18, 1946. Served on Mexican Border in 1916 and during WW1 in Siberia, Philippines and Hawaii. Later in China, and back to Philippines where at outbreak of WW2 he commanded 1st Philippine division until captured at Bataan on April 9, 1942. Prisoner of war in Luzon, Formosa, Kyushu and Manchuria until Aug. 20, 1945. He was appointed adjutant general of Texas in 1947 and major general of Texas National Guard in August, 1947. Retired from regular anny as brigadier general in June, 1947. Received first two degrees in Southern Cross Lodge No.6, Manila, PJ. and 3rd in Schofield Barracks Lodge No. 443, T.H. in 1921, transferring to Fort Benning Lodge No. 579 in 1926. Received 32 AASR (SJ) in Salina, Kansas in 1946 and transferred to Austin, Tex. in 1947. Member of Ben Hur Shrine Temple, Austin, Tex. and Court 35, Royal Order of Jesters.

William A. Berryman Vice president of Gulf Oil Corp. b. Jan. 22, 1892 at Enterprise, Va. With the Gulf interests since 1933, first in the European marketing field, then as assistant to the vice president and then vice president since 1949. He is also vice president of Gulf European Co., Gulf Exploration Co., Gulf Refining Co. and Gulf Research and Development Co. Is a director of 11 Gulf foreign oil companie's. Mason. Paul Bert (1833-1886) French physiologist and politician. Governor general of Annam and Tonkin (1886) and author of scientific works, including Lecons, d'Anatomie et de Physiologie Animales (1885). International Masonic Congress Bulletin of 1917 lists him as a Freemason.


Thomas M. Berry Governor of South Dakota from 1933 to 1937. Member of White River Lodge No. 181, White River, S. Dak. and received 32 AASR (SJ) in Oriental Consistory at Yankton, S. Dak. in May, 1933. d. Oct. 30, 19506. CIifXord K. Berryman (1869-1949) Cartoonist. b. April 2, 1869 at Versailles, Ky. He was self-taught in drawing and received an honorary A.M. from George Washington Univ. in 1921. He started as a draftsman in the U.S. Patent Office in 1886 and turned to general illustrating in 1891,

Bartholomew Berthold (1780-1831) Pioneer fur trader who helped lay foundation for the American Fur Company. b . In . 1780路In the Cl路tY 0 拢 Trent, Tyrol, a province of Austria that is now part of Italy. He came to Philadelphia in 1798 and in 1809 moved to St. Louis, Mo. with a stock of goods a~d entered business with Rene Paul. On Dec. 27, 1809 he joined Louisiana Lodge No. 109 at St. Genevieve, Missouri's first lodge. The lodge was chartered by Pennsylvania and records show that on June 2, 1810, dues from the lodge in the



Julius Bertin amount of $32.49 were delivered to the Grand Secretary of Pennsylvania by Berthold. He withdrew from the lodge on June 9, 1812, the records noting that he had "withdrawn and removed." He was married to Pelagie, the only daughter of Major Pierre Chouteau, Sr. and in 1812 built a brick house and store building on Main St. in St. Louis-the first west of the Mississippi river. In the same year he formed a partnership with his brother-in-law, Peter Chouteau, Jr. q.'D. under the name of Berthold & Chouteau. To this firm they added two partners, John P. Cabanne and Bernard Pratte, Sr. This firm was later combined with the Columbia Fur Company under John Jacob Astor q.v. as the great American Fur Company. d. April 20, 1831.

Jons Jakob B路erzelius (1779-1848) Swedish chemist and baron. Taught medicine, pharmacy and chemistry at Stockholm from 1807. Created a baron in 1835 because '0拢 scientific achievements. He determined the atomic and molecular weights of many substances, using oxygen as a standard. He discovered the elements selenium, cerium and thorium and first isolated columbium and silicon. He was initiated in 1805 in St. John's Lodge St. Erik, at Stockholm. Sir Walter Besant (1836-1901) English novelist. Educated in King's College, London and Christ's College, Cambridge. Was co-author with James Rice of a series of novels including Ready-Money Mortiboy (1872) and The Seamy Side' (1881). Sole author of All Sorrts and Conditions of Men (1882) and Children of Gibeon (1886). He was raised in Mauritius Lodge in 1862 and became master of Marquis of Dalhousie Lodge No. 1159, London, in 1873. He conceived the idea of establishing a lodge of research and as a result became one of the founders of the famous Quatuor Coronati Lodge No. 2076 of London, serving as its treasurer at one time. d.Hempstead, England, June 10, 1901.

Julius Bertin Actor who played the role of "Abie" in Abie's Irish Rose on the New York stage. He was a member of St. Cecile Lodge No. 568, and Corinthian Chapter No. 159, R.A.M. of New York City. d. Oct. 3, 1945.

Abbe Bertolio French Roman Catholic abbe who was a member of the Lodge Social Contract of the Grand Orient of France and the first master of the adoptive lodge (for both sexes) formed by that lodge. His co-officer in the adoptive lodge was Princess Lamballe q.v., who served as the first Grand Mistress when the lodge was formed in 1780.

nale P. Bessire Artist. b. May 14, 1892 at Columbus, Ohio. His paintings represented in the Indiana building at Chicago Century of Progress; Gary, Lafayette and Indianapolis public schools; Muncie Indiana Art As.. soc.; Ball collection of Indiana Univ.; public library at Bedford; DePauw Univ.. ; and others. His works have won numerous art awards through the years. Raised in Nashville Lodge No.. 135, Nashville, Ind.. , Sept. 1, 1917.

Francisco Bertrand President of Honduras from 1913-15 and again from 1916-20. Was initiated in the Lodge Francisco Morazan. Antonio Luis Berutti (1772-1846) Argentine patriot who as a colonel distinguished himself in many military engagements and became successively, governor of the province of Santa Fe and路 Tucuman and minister of war after the formation of the new country. Mason.

William N. Best Brigadier General, U.S. Marine Corps. b. July 14, 1887 at Los Angeles, Calif. 路Served in WWl as 2nd lieutenant Marines and advanced through grades to brigadier general in 1946. Service included Unit-


Albert P. Beutel ed States, Haiti, Hawaii, Santo Domingo, China, Nicaragua, Philippines', Cuba and at sea with fleet. He retired Dec. 1, 1946. Mason.

William T. Best (1826-1897)


mous English organist who edited the

works of Handel and Bach and was a composer of anthems and fugues.

Mason. James A. Bethea Major General, Army Medical Corps. b. Oct. 30, 1887 in Marion Co., S.C. Received M.D. degree from Tulane Univ. in 1913 and graduated from Army Medical School in 1917. A director of the 4th Division Field Hospital in WW1, rising through the grades to major general in 1948. Now chief surgeon of Far East Command, Tokyo, Japan. Mason. Edwin S. Bettelheim, Jr. b. April 11,1887 at New York City. B.S., Co.. lumbia Univ. 1911, LL.B. George Washington Univ. 1924, LL.M., 1925, A.B., 1926, A.M., 1927. Graduate of Command and General Staff School, 1938. Served in Mexican Border conflict and WWl in field artillery, rising to colonel. He became assistant chief of staff of the military district of Washington and military analyst of the U.S. Dept. of State as well as biographer of the Inter-American Military Association. Has been adjutant general and executive officer of the Order of World Wars since 1931. Headed expedition in 1929 to northern Russia to search for and return the bodies of Americans lost in the Polar Bear Campaign. A past president of the National Sojourners and , past commander of the Heroes of '76 (both Masonic military organizations). Past grand master of the Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia. Shriner and Knight Templar.

yer, member of General Assembly of Ohio from 1937-47, serving as house speaker in 1945.. 46. Member of the Judicial Council of Ohio, 1941-45. Raised in Findlay Lodge No. 227, Findlay, Ohio in 1931. Member of Findlay Chapter No. 58, R.A.M. and Findlay Council No. 50 R. & S.M. 32째 AASR (NJ) in Toledo. James A. Betts (1853-1928) Justice, Supreme Court of New York, 1898-1912, 3rd judicial district and associate justice of the appellate division, 1910-12. b. March 18, 1853 at Broadalbin, N.Y. After serving as a school principal for two years, he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1880, practicing at Kingston. Mason. Frank A. Ben Educator and president of Western Illinois State Teachers College at Macomb, ID., since 1942. b. Sept. 2, 1898 at 'Huntley, ill. B.A. and M.A. degrees from Northwestern Univ. and Ph.D. from Univ. of Chicago. Taught and served as administrator in Illinois public schools and in 1928 became professor of education at Eastern Illinois State Teachers' College, serving until 1933 when he became dean. Raised in Hebron Lodge No. 604, Hebron, Ill. Received 32째 at Quincy, TIl. in 1947. Member of O.E.S. in Hebron. Pierre de Reil, Marquis of Beurnonville (17S2-1821) Marshal of France. He served as minister of war in 1793, ambassador to Berlin in 1800, ambassador to Madrid in 1802. In 1814 he supported Louis XVIII and was named marshal in 1816. He was a zealous Freemason and became grand master "adjoint" in the Grand Orient of France. Albert P. Beutel Business executive. b. Nov. 13, 1892 at Cleveland, Ohio. Started with Dow Chemical Co. in 1914 as draftsman. General manager of the Texas division of Dow

Jackson E. Betts Congressman from 8th Dist. of Ohio in 82nd, 83rd and 84th Congresses (1951-1957). b. May 26, 1904 at Findlay, Ohio. Law-


Thomas D. Beven

Chemical Co. at Freeport, Texas since 1940; director and assistant secretary of Dow Chemical Co.; president and director of Dowell, Inc., Midland, Mich.; vice president and director of Dow Magnesium Corp. Mason.

era! 1927-28 and attorney general, 1928-32. Acting governor of Puerto Rico various times. Served as officer in field artillery during WWl and lieutenant commander, U.S. Coast Guard Reserve in WW2. Mason.

Thomas D. Beven President and director of Elgin, J aliet and Eastern Railway Co. since 1946. b. Dec. 23, 1898 at New Orleans, La. Started with the Central and Elgin, Joliet & Eastern Railway companies in 1912. Served in U.S. Marine Corps in WW1. Mason and Shriner.

Howard L. Bevis Chairman of the President's Committee on Scientists and Engineers :from 1956. b. Nov. 19, 1885 at Bevis, Ohio. A.B. and LL.B. from Univ. of Cincinnati; S.J.D. and LL.D. :from Harvard. Practiced law from 1910-18. Served as director of finance of Ohio from 1931-33; judge of Ohio Supreme Court, 1933-35; professor of law and government at Harvard, 1935-40 and president of Ohio State Univ. from 1940-56. Raised in McMakin Lodge No. 120, Mt. Healthy, Ohio in 1911 and served as master of same in 1916. York rite memberships in Cincinnati and Columbus.. Received AASR (N.J.) in 1921 and 33掳 in 1942. Member of Syrian Shrine Temple, Cincinnati.

Albert J. Beveridge (1862-1927) U.S. Senator and historian. b. in Highland Co., Ohio. Served as member of U.S. Senate from Indiana from 18991911 and was a supporter of Theodore Roosevelt and his policies. He was the author of The Life of John Marshall (2 vols., 1916, 1919). Member of Oriental Lodge No.. 500, Indianapolis, Ind. Frank Stanley Beve路ridge (1879Founder of Stanley Home 1956) Products, Inc. b. April 17, 1879 at Yann0uth, N.S. From 1904-09 he was a photographers' representative. Became associated with the Fuller Brush Company in 1913 and rose to vice president in charge of sales from 1921-29. From 1929-31 he was associate sales manager of Real Silk Hosiery Mills, founding the Stanley Home Products, Inc. in 1931, serving as president until 1950 when he became chairman of the board. Received a citation from Pope Pius xn in 1949. Member of Port Byron Lodge No. 130, New York.

Raymond H. Beyer Engineer and designer. b. Dec. 11, 1902 at South Bend, Ind. An engineer and designer since 1920. Built and flew first airplane in Indiana; designer of amphibian plane in 1920, helicopter in 1943. Has been associated with Dodge Mfg. Corp., Westinghouse, U.S. Airlines, Bendix Aviation, Rockne Motors, Chevrolet Motors, Glen L. Martin, Emerson Electric, South Bend Bait Co., National Pressure Cooker, AC Spark Plug. With Armour Research Foundation since 1950. Mason. Francois Louis de Beyerle French Masonic writer and member of the French Constitutional Convention of 1792. He was a leading member of the Rite of Strict Observance in which his adopted name was Eques a Flore. He wrote a criticism on the Masonic Congress of Wilhelmsbad and translated Frederic Nicolai's essay on the Temp.. lars.

James R. Beverley Governor of Puerto Rico 1932-33. b. June 15, 1894 at Amarillo, Tex. A.B., A.M. and LL.B.. from Univ. of Texas and honorary LL.D. from Polytechnic Institute of Puerto Rico. Practiced law in Corpus ChristL Special adviser to Public Service Commission of Puerto Rico from 1925-27; assistant attorney gen-


Benjamin A. Bidlack Osborne Bezanson Vice president and director of Monsanto Chemical Company since 1942. b. Nov. 10, 1888 at Woburn, Mass. Started as chemist with Merrimac Chemical Co. of W 0burn, Mass. in 1906 and became vice president in 1930. When Monsanto liquidated Merrimac in 1935 he became assistant vice president of the Everett division. Has served as general manager of the Texas division and the organic chemicals division and a member of the Monsanto executive committee since 1948. Mason. George M. Bibb (1776-1859) Secretary of Treasury under President Tyler (1844-45) . b. Oct. 30, 1776 in Prince Edward Co., Va. He served tw'O terms as U.S. Senator from Kentucky-1811-14 and 1829-35. He was the first master of Russellville Lodge No. 17, Russellville, Ky. and was master of Hiram Lodge No.4, Frankfort, Ky. He was also past master of Lexington Lodge No.1 at Lexington, and served as secretary in 1804. In 1804

he was grand master of Kentucky. Past high priest of Frankfort Chapter No.3, Frankfort, Ky. and was adjunct professor of ancient languages in the primary department of the Masonic College of Kentucky. d. April 14, 1859 at Georgetown, D.C. Thomas Bibb

Governor of Ala-

bama (1820-21). He succeeded his

father (Wm. W.) as governor when the latter died in office. Member of George Lodge No. 32, Warminster,

Va. Joseph H. Biben Newspaper publisher. b. Oct. 27, 1900 at Kiev, Russia and came to United States in 1902. Editor and publisher of the Jewish Ledger publications; in Rochester, N.Y. since 1928, in Washington, D.C. since 1930, in Albany, N.Y. since 1931, in Syracuse, N.Y. since 1932. Publisher of the American Hebrew in . New York since 1936. Mason.

Dana X. Bible Athletic director, Univ. of Texas since 1947. b. Oct. 8, 1891 at Jefferson City, Tenn. An athletic director since 1912 with Brandon Training School (Tenn.), Mississippi College, Louisiana State Univ., Texas A. & M. College, Univ. of Nebraska. With University of Texas as football coach from 1937-47. Served with the A.E.F. in WW1 as a pursuit pilot. Author of Championship Football, A Guide for Coaeh, Player and Fan. Member of the National Football Rules Committee and past president of American Football Coaches Association. Member of Mossy Creek Lodge No. 353, Jefferson City, Tenn.; Jefferson Chapter No. 81, R.A.M., Jefferson City, Tenn.; Lincoln Council No. 4 R. & S.M. and Mt. Moriah Commandery, K.T. both of Lincoln, Nebr. Member of Ben Hur Shrine Temple, Austin, Texas.

John Bidwell principal in Pennsylvania from 1911.. 1943. Member of Charles M. Howell Lodge No. 496, Millersville, Pa., and past master of same. 32 0 AASR (NJ) at Harrisburg, Pat and member of Zemba Shrine Temple, Harrisburg.

oÂŁ Panama. Raised in Lodge No. 61, Wilkes-Barre, Pat on May 1, 1826. John Bidwell (1819-1900) California pioneer and politician. b. Aug. 5, 1819 in Chautauqua Co., N.Y. Taught school in Pennsylvania and Missouri and in 1841 emigrated to California, being one of the first to make the hazardous journey overland. He served in the Mexican War with Fremont's Battalion and became the state's first great agriculturist, owning an immense estate of several thousand acres. Gov. Leland Stanford q.v. commissioned him brigadier general of California Militia, and he later was made a regent of the Univ. of Calif. In 1849 he was a member of the state constitutional convention and the same year became state senator. Representative to U.S. Congress from California 1865-67. He was raised in San Jose Lodge No. 10 in 1851 and later affiliated with Chico Lodge No. 111. Marshall S. Bidwell Organist. b. Dec. 24, 1893 at Great Barrington, Mass. Studied music at New England Conservatory, Fontainebleau, France, Cae College (Ia.) , Univ. of Pittsburgh. Served as organist oÂŁ several large churches and from 1919-32 was organist and director of music at Coe College, Cedar Rapids, la. Has been organist and director of music of Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, Pat since 1932. Raised in Mt. Herman Lodge No. 263, Cedar Rapids, la. in 1926. Member of Scottish Rite in Cedar Rapids. Baron Jacob Frederick Bielfeld German merchant. b. (1717-1770) March 31, 1717. d. April 5, 1770. He was one of the founders of the Lodge of the Three Globes in Berlin.


Lucius V. Bierce Led an expedition into Canada in 1838 to "save" the Canadians from the "Cro'WIl." He headed an abortive attempt to raid Windsor, Canada from Detroit with a rabble of 200 men. The raid was easily repulsed. Bierce was grand master of Ohio in 1854. Raised in Unity Lodge No. 12, Ravenna, Ohio on Oct. 12, 1826 and demitted to Akron Lodge No. 83 as charter member on Oct. 1, 1841, serving that lodge as master anwnber of times. Albert Bierstadt (1830-1902) American landscape painter of the Hudson River school. b. in Solingen, Germany and came to the United States in 1831. His paintings include Sunshine and Shadow, Rocky Mountains, ValLey of the Yosemite. His historical works include Discovery of the Hudson River, Settlement of Califo?"nia, and Entrance into' Monterey. Bierstadt was a member of Holland Lodge No.8, New York City. Leslie L. Dime Secretary of the U.S. Senate, 1945-47. b. Oct. 9, 1889 at Boydsville, Ark. Secretary of the majority, U.S. Senate from 1933-45; executive director of Democratic Policy Committee, U.S. Senate, 1947-49. Member of American Battle Monument Commission, 1941-45. Member of Piggott Lodge No. 545, Piggott, Ark. Horace F. Bigelow Admiral of the U. S. Navy. Made a Shriner at a cere.. monial in Tokyo, Japan in November, 1956.

Daniel L. Biemesderfer President, State Teachers College, Millersville, Pa. since 1943. b. Jan. 19, 1894 at Kissel Hill, Pat Teacher and school

Timothy Bigelow (1767-1821) Massachusetts lawyer and politician. b. April 30, 1767 at Worcester, Mass. He


w. was the son of Timothy Bigelow, Revolutionary War patriot. Graduated from Harvard in 1786, studied law and practiced at Groton, Mass. from 1789-1807, when he mo:ved to Medford and opened a law office路路 in Boston. He was an active Federalist and was elected to the legislature in 1790, serving there 20 years, eleven of which he was speaker of the house. He was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts two terms, 1806-08 and 1811-13. It is said that in the course of his 32 years practice he argued 15,000 cases. d. May 18,

1821. George C. Biggers President of the Atlanta Journal since 1946. b. Jan. 24, 1893 at Louisville, Ky. Began journalism career with the Louisville Herald in 1910 and subsequently with the Indianapolis Star, The Courier-Journal, Louisville Times, Birmingham Age-Herald, Atlanta Georgian, Atlanta Constitution, and Birmingham News. Went to the Atlanta Journal as business manager in 1934; vice president and general manager in 1939 and president since 1946. Mason.

Chester Billings

California and there became a prominent Democratic politician, gaining the name "Honest John Bigler." From 1852-1856 he was governor of the state. His brother, William, was governor of Pennsylvania at the same time. Bigler was initiated in Pacific Lodge, Long's Bar, Butte Co., Calif. in 1850 and later a member of Tehama Lodge No.3, Sacramento and Washington Lodge No. 20, Sacramento. Louis Pierre Edouard Bignon (17711841) French statesman and historian. Designated by Napoleon in his will to write the history of France from time of Consulate, he produced Histone de France depuis le 18-Brumaire 1usque'en 1812. (1829-38) A Freemason.

Burton B. Biggs Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy. b. July 3, 1898 at Elliott,

Theodore G. Bilbo (1877-1947) U.S. Senator and Governor o拢 Mississippi. b. Oct. 13, 1877 at Juniper Grove, Miss. Attended Univ. of Nashville, Vanderbilt Univ. and UniV., of Michigan. Taught school for six years and admitted to bar in 1908. Member of Miss. state senate, 1908-12, lieutenant governor of Miss. 1912-16. Twice governor of Miss. 1916-20 and 1928-32, elected three terms as U.S. Senator from Miss., 1935, 1941, 1947. He was raised April 17, 1899 in Claiborn Lodge No. 293 at Nashville, Tenn. and affiliated with Sherrard Byrd Lodge No. 353 at Poplarville, Miss. Received AASR 32掳 in Hattiesburg, Miss. in 1925 and was suspendedNPD in 1929 from those bodies. d. Aug. 21, 1947.

John Bigler (1804-1871) Governor of California.. b. Jan.. 8, 1804 in Cumberland Co., Pa. Learning the printer's trade, he became a journalist and afterwards a lawyer, moving to Illinois in 1846. In 1849 he emigrated to

W. Chester Billings (1872-1939) Senior surgeon and medical director of U.S. Public Health Service. b. April 15, 1872 at Hartford, Conn. Received M.D. from Harvard in 1894 and after private practice in Springfield, Mass. of four years entered U . S. Public Health Service as surgeon. Was senior surgeon from 1929 and medical director from 1930-33, serving in 19 different stations including chief

B,enjamin T. Biggs (1821-?) Governor of Delaware in 1887-91. b. Oct. 1, 1821 at Summit Bridge, Del. Congressman from Delaware 1860-71. Member of state constitutional convention of 1852. Member of Union Lodge No.5, Middletown, Del.

W. Va. Graduated U.s. Naval Academy in 1921. Ensign with Navy June 5, 1920 and advanced through grades to rear admiral, May 1, 1948. Mason and member of Scottish Rite.


Clayton O. Billow medical officer at Angel Island, Calif. and Ellis Island and chief surgeon of U.S. Coast Guard and medical adviser to American Consulates in Liverpool and London. Mason. d. Aug. 16, 1939. Clayton o. Billow (1860-1945) Pioneer in burning oil for industrial use. b. June 14, 1860 at Shelby, Ohio. Carried on experiments with crude oil for fuel for the Champion City on Co. from 1884-88 and was general western manager of Pasteur-Chamberlain Filter Co. in 1888, later organizing the National Supply Co. for furnaces, forges, kilns, etc. for oil burning. Inventor of many appliances incidental to oil burning. Knight Ternplar, 33째 AASR, Grand Sovereign, Grand Imperial Council of the Red Cross of Constantine (1938-39). Decorated Knight Grand Cross, 1938. d. March 19, 1945.

Thomas H. Binford Vice Admiral, U.S. Navy. b. Aug. 25, 1896, at Durant, Miss. Graduate Naval Academy in 1919, advancing through grades to vice admiral in 1954. In 1942 he commanded the destroyer division of the Asiatic Fleet and participated in entire Java Sea campaign. He commanded the cruiser U.S.S. Miami and participated in first strikes on Tokyo and raids on Chichi Jima, Two Jima, Kyushu, Okinawa. Commanded cruis.. er division one of Pacific Fleet from 1949. Assisted in establishing Enlisted WAVE program of Navy. Retired. Mason. George Bingaman Judge, Supreme Court of Oklahoma. b. Sept. 15, 1904 at Princeton, Kansas. Admitted to Oklahoma bar in 1928 and practiced law in Purcell, Okla. from 1929-50. Has been judge of Supreme Court of Oklahoma since 1951. Raised in Purcell Lodge No. 27, Purcell, Okla. on Dec. 15, 1925 and has served as master and secretary of same. Member Purcell Chapter No. 10, R.A.M. and

Norman Council, R. & S.M. of Nor.. man, Okla. 33째 AASR (SJ) in Guthrie Consistory. Member of India Shrine Temple, Oklahoma City and DeMolay Legion of Honor.

Malcolm W. Bingay (1884-1953) Newspaper editor and Pulitzer Prize winner. b. Dec. 16, 1884 at Sandwich, Ont., Canada and was brought to United States in infancy. Began at 17 as reporter for Detroit News, rising as sports editor, city editor, managing editor and in charge of the London Bureau of the News. Became editor of the Detroit Free -Press in May 1930, serving until his death. Author of Detroit Is My Own Home Town (1946) and Of Me I Sing (1949). He became a member of City of the Straits Lodge No. 452, Detroit, June 19, 1920 and successively joined Peninsular Chapter No. 16, R.A.M. Detroit Command.. ery No.1, K.T. and Scottish Rite, be.. ing coroneted a 33째 Sept. 15, 1925. He was known to Masonic readers for his series of brilliant word sketches on English Freemasonry. d. Aug. 21, 1953. Hiram Bingham Governor and Senator from Connecticut, explorer and aviator. b. Nov. 19, 1875 at Hono.. lulu, T.H. His father and grandfa.. ther (both named Hiram) were mis.. sionaries. His grandfather reduced the Hawaiian language to writing and his father, a missionary to Gilbert Is.. lands, did the same for the GUbert language. Holds degrees of A.B., M.A., Ph.D. and Litt.D. Taught in Harvard, Yale, Princeton and Johns Hopkins Universities. Explored Bolivar's route across Venezuela and Colombia in 1906-07, the Spanish trade route from Buenos Aires to Lima, 1908-09 and the Inca ruins in Peru, 1911-15. Served as lieutenant governor of Connecticut, 1923-24 and governor, 1924, resigning in 1925 to become u.s. Senator and serving untU 1933. Chief of Air Personnel Division at Washington 1917-

Hammond D. Birks 18. A member of both Scottish and York rite bodies as well as the Shrine. Has written on Masonic subjects. Chief writings are on exploration, his latest being Lost City of the Incas. (1948)

active service that year. Mason and Knight Templar. d. Nov. 19, 1950. Leon M. Birkhead Clergyman, author. b. April 28, 1885 at Winfield, Mo. Served as minister of Methodist churches in New York City and St. Louis and Unitarian churches in Wichita, Kansas and Kansas City, Mo. In 1937 he founded "Friends of Democracy" and has been national director since. He was technical advisor to Sinclair Lewis during his writing of Elmer Gantry (1926-27).. He has written numerous "Little Blue Books" including Is Elmer Gantry True?, Religious Bunk Over the Radio., Can Man Know God, President Hoover and Quakerism, and The' Religion of a Free Man. Mason.

Robert Bingham (1838-1927) Educator. b. Sept. 5, 1838 at Hillsboro, N.C. Captain in 44th N.C. troops, .i\.rmy of Northern Virginia, C.S.A. Surrendered with General Lee. Was superintendent of the Bingham School (which his grandfather founded in 1793) from 1873-1920. Grand Master of North Carolina 1883-85.

Robert W. Bingham


U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain from 1933-37. b. Nov. 8, 1871 in Orange Co., S.C. Degrees from universities of North Carolina, Virginia, Kentucky and Louisville. Publisher of both the Louisville Courier-Journal and Times. He was past master of Falls City Lodge No. 376 of Louisville and a member of York and Scottish Rites as well as the rank of KeCH. At a meeting of the Grand Lodge of England, in the presence of the King and 8,000 Masons, he was created a past senior grand warden of that grand lodge. d. Dec. 18, 1937.

Matthew Birkhead English singer, composer and actor who wrote the Enter'd 'Prentice's Song first printed in Read's Weekly Journal in 1722. It was immortalized by being printed in the first Book of Constitutions after his death in 1723. He was not only a composer, but a singer and actor at the famous Drury Lane Theater in London. Mackey says he was master of Lodge V at the time Anderson was preparing his constitutions. d. December, 1722.

Claude V. Birkhead (1880-1950) Lawyer and Major General (NGUS). b. May 27, 1880 at Phoenix, Oreg. Practiced law at San Antonio from 1904, serving as district judge and

Ormand N. Birkland President of S. H. Kress & Co. b. July 26, 1890 at Chicago, Ill. Started with S.. H. Kress & Co. in 1916 as a stockman in the Little Rock, Ark. store and rose to presidency in 1948. Served in WWl. Mason, Knight Templar and Shriner.

city attorney. He was special attorney appointed by the Texas legislature to represent the state's coastal land claims before Congress in 1939. In WWl he served as a colonel with the 131st Field Artillery in France and

Hammond D. Birks Brigadier General, U.S. Army. b. Feb. 5, 1896 at Chicago, TIL Commissioned 2nd lieutenant in 1917 and advanced through grades to brigadier general in 1945. Served with the AEF in WWl. In WW2 he was commander of the 120th Infantry Combat Team of the 30th Division and assistant division commander of 9th Infantry Division, par-

as chief of staff of Texas 36th division national guard. He was elevated to brigadier general in 1923 and major general, commanding the 36th division in 1936; commanding general of Camp Bowie, Texas 1940-41; commanding general Internal Security Forces, 3rd Service Command, 1942, retiring from


David B. Birney George T. Bishop (1864-1940) Fin.. ancier. b. Ravenna, Ohio, Oct. 11, 1864. A director of Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., Sherwin-Williams Co., Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. Mason. d. Aug. 24, 1940.

ticipating in battle of Mortam and other important engagements of European Theater. Mason.

David B. Birney (182'5-1864) Union Major General of Civil War. b. May 29, 1825 at Huntsville, Ala. Studied law in Cincinnati and after engaging in business in Michigan, began practice of law in Philadelphia in 1848. Entered army as lieutenant colonel at beginning of war and was made colonel of the 23rd Pennsylvania volunteers, which he raised principally at his own expense in 1861. Distinguished himself in battles of Yorktown, Williamsburg, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. At death of General Berry he commanded the division, and was commissioned major general May 23, 1863. He commanded the 3rd Corps at Gettysburg and later the 10th Corps. Died of disease contracted in the service on Oct. 18, 1864 at Philadelphia. He was initiated in Franklin Lodge No. 134 of Philadelphia on Oct. 31, 1850.

Sir Henry Rowley Bishop (1786.. 1855) English composer who introduced the air of Home Sweet Home and was first musician to be knighted (1842) . He composed operas, burlettas and incidental music to Shakespeare's plays. Mason. Herbert P. Bissell (1856-1919) Justice of Supreme Court of New York 1912-19. b. Aug. 30,1856 at New Lon.. don, N.Y. Graduated at Harvard, 1880 and practiced law in Buffalo. Mason. d. April 30, 1919. Andrew G. Bisset Vice Admiral, U.S. Navy. b. Oct. 4, 1893 at Washing.. ton. Entered Navy in 1917 and advanced through grades to rear admiral in 1947 and retired in Ju1y, 1950 as vice admiraL Was treaty engineer to Republic of Haiti, 1924-28, officer in charge of construction, U.S. Naval Academy 1936-39, Portsmouth, N.H. and Norfolk:, Va. navy yards 1939-41. Commanded Seabees in South Pa.. cific and Okinawa operations WW2. Member of William R. Singleton Lodge No. 30 (1922) and William R. Singleton Chapter No. 14, R.A.M. both of Washington, D.C.

Hoffman Birney Writer of fiction, juvenile, historical and biographical books. b. April 1, 1891 at Philadelphia, Pat Among his books are: King of the Mesa, The Masked Rider, Steeldust, Vigilantes, The Canyon of Lost Waters, Roads to Roam, The Pinto Pony, Zealots of Zion, Two Little Navajos, Kudiu, the Eskimo Boy, BarneT" Ranch, Forgotten Canon, Eagle in the Sun, Mountain Chief, Ann CaTmeny, Brothers of Doom. Mason.

Van A. Bittner (1885-1949) Labor official. b. Mar. 20, 1885 at Bridgeport, Pa. A labor representative since 1908, representing the United Mine Workers of America from 1908-42 and steelworkers from formation in 1936 until meeting of constitutional convention in 1942, when it became United Steel.. workers of America, C.I.O. At death on July 20, 1949 he was vice president and national director of the C.I.O. Organizing Committee. Served as labor representative on National War Labor Board in 1943. Mason.

Eben F. Bishop (1863-1943) Sugar executive. b. Oct. 27, 1863 at Naperville, ill. Started with C. Brewer & Co., sugar factors at Honolulu, TH in 1883. Was chairman of the board and director of Hila Sugar Co., Onomea Sugar Co., Pepeekeo Sugar Co., Honomu Sugar Co., Waimanalo Sugar Co., and Matson Navigation Co. Trustee oÂŁ the B. P. Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology.. Mason. d. Feb. 11, 1943.


John Black William B. Bizzell (1876-1944) University president. b. Oct. 14, 1876 at

Independence, Texas. Held degrees from Baylor Univ., College of Law, Chicago, Univ. of Chicago, and Columbia. Was superintendent of public schools in Navasota, Texas 1900-10, president of College of Industrial Arts, at Denton 1910-14, president of Texas A. & M. 1914-25 and president of the Univ. of Oklahoma, 1925-41. From 1941 until his death on May 13, 1944, he was president emeritus of Univ. of Oklahoma. Author of several books including Judicial I nterpretation of Political Theory, Teaching of the Jewish Prophets, Farm Tenantry in the United States, and The Green Rising. Mason, Knight Templar and Shriner.

Retired Aug. 21, 1928. Mason. d. Nov. 4, 1934.

Frank S. Black (1858-1913) Governor of New York. b. March 8, 1853 at Limington, Maine. While reading law he was part time editor of the Johnstown Journal (N.Y.) and later a reporter on the Troy Whig. Admitted to the bar in 1879, he practiced in Troy until 1898 when he moved to New York City. Served his district in the 54th Congress (1895-97) and was governor of New York from 189799. He was raised in King Solomon's Primitive Lodge No. 91 of Troy and later affiliated with Roman LodgeNo. 223 at Rome. d. March 21, 1918.

Hugo La Fayette Black U.S. Supreme Court Justice. b. Feb. 27, 1886 at Harlan, Ala. Received LL.B. from Univ. of Alabama in 1906 and began practice in Birmingham the next year. Served as police judge and prosecuting attorney and in general practice until 1927 when he was elected U.S. Senator from Alabama for two terms (1927-37). Nominated associate justice of the supreme court by Franklin D. Roosevelt Aug. 12, 1937, confirmed Aug. 17 and took his seat Oct. 4. Black was raised in Ashland Lodge No. 356, Ashland, Ala. in 1909 and later became life member of Birmingham Temple Lodge No. 636, Birmingham, Ala. He is a 32 0 AASR (SJ) member, Knight Templar and Shriner.

Sveinn Bjornsson First president of Iceland. He was one of the founders of Edda Lodge in Reykjavik on Jan. 6, 1919 under the authority of the National Grand Lodge of Denmark. At that time he had the 6th degree of the 11-degree Denmark system. At the time of hi'S death on Jan. 25, 1952 he had received the highest degree and was grand master of Icelandic Freemasonry. The Sovereign Grand Jurisdiction of Iceland was constituted on July 23, 1951. Alfred W. Bjornstad (1874-1934) Brigadier General, U.S. Army. b.. Oct. 13, 1874 at St. Paul, Minn. Served as captain in the Spanish-American War. Promoted through grades to brigadier general in Jan. 1925. Engaged in 34 battles and actions in Philippines 1898-1904. Later on duty with general staff, military attache, instructor at army schools. At beginning of WW2 he directed the 16 training camps for officers which produced the original

James D. Black (1849-1938) Governor of Kentucky. b. Sept'. 24, 1849 in Knox Co., Ky. Member of Kentucky lower house 1876-77. Elected governor of Kentucky in 1915 for term of 1916-17 inclusive and again served as governor from May to Dec., 1919. President of Union College, Barbourville, Ky., 1910-12. Was grand master of Grand Lodge of Kentucky in 1888-89. d. Aug. 5, 1938.

25,341 officers of WW2. He organized and directed the Army General Staff College in France in 1919. Commanded the 13th brigade in France and participated in all major engagements.

John Black Early U. S. Senator 99

John C. Black from Mississippi. Member of Rising Virtue Lodge No.7. John C. Black (1839-1915) Union Brigadier General in Civil War. b. Jan. 27, 1839 at Lexington, Miss. Received A.M. and LL.D. from Knox College. Entered service as private and advanced to brigadier general "for gallant services in assault on Ft. Blakely, Ala." Awarded medal of honor for Battle of Prairie Grove, Ark. in which he was severely wounded. Admitted to illinois bar in 1867 and practiced at Danville until his death on Aug. 17, 1915. Was U.S. Commissioner of Pensions 1885-89 and member of the 53rd Congress from TIL at large (1893-95), president of the U.S. Civil Service Commission 1904-13. Commander-in-chief of the G.A.R. in 1903-04. Member of Olive Branch Lodge No. 38, Danville, Ill. and grand orator of the Grand Lodge of Illinois in 1894 and again in 1895.

Lloyd L. Black Federal Judge. b. March 15, 1889 at Leavenworth, Kans. Received A.B. (cum laude) and LL.B. from Univ. of Washington and admitted to Washington bar in 1911. Associated with father in firm Black & Black 1913-32, served as prosecuting attorney, attorney for Port of Everett and special counsel for City of Everett as well as judge of superior court. Was appointed U.S. Judge for Western District of Washington in 1949 and Eastern and Western Dist'ricts in 1940. Mason. Samuel W. Black Governor of Ne'braska, 1859-61. In 1849 he was a member of St. John's Lodge No. 219, Pittsburgh, Pa.

S. Rexford Black Lumber executive. b. April 30, 1894 at Flint, Mich. Chainnan of board of C. D. Johnson Lumber Corp., president of Springfield Plywood Corp., Acme Door Corp., and Whatcom Timber Co. Mason and Shriner..

Joseph C. S. Blackburn (1838-1918) U.S. Senator from Kentucky. b. Oct. 1,1838 in Woodford Co., Ky. A.B. and LL.D. from Centre College, (Ky.). First practiced law in Chicago. After serving in Confederate forces during Civil War resumed his practice in Kentucky. Member of house of representatives (Ky.) 1871-75; member of 44th to 48th Congresses (1875..85); and U.S. Senator, 1885-97 and again from 1901-07. Member of Isthmian Canal Commission and head of de.. partment of civil administration, Ca.. nal zone, 1907-09. Mason, Knight Templar. d. Sept. 12, 1918. Luke P. Blackburn (1816-1887) Governor of Kentucky in 1879. Member of Landmark Lodge No. 41, Versailles, Ky. and Webb Chapter, R.A.M. No. 6 of same city. Robert Blackburn (1870-1935) Con.. gressman from Kentucky. b. April 9, 1870 in Estell Co., Ky. Traveling salesman, merchant, insurance and stock brokerage business in Stanton, Ky. and later Lexington. Served in Spanish American War. Member of Kentucky lower house in 1904-05. Elected to 71st Congress (1929-31). Mason. d. Sept. 20, 1935. Isaac N. Blackford (1786-1859) Jurist. b. Nov. 6, 1786 at Bound Brook, N.J. Graduated from Princeton, 1806 and moved to Indiana in 1812 and settled in Vincennes. Clerk of the territorial legislature in 1813 and judge of the first judicial circuit in 1814-15. He was speaker of the first state legislature in 1816 and judge of the supreme court of Indiana from 1819-35. From March, 1855 until his death on Nov. 6, 1786 he was judge of the U.S. Court of Claims in Washington. Member of Harmony Lodge No. 11 at Brookville, Ind.

Samuel H. Blackmer (1902-1951) Supreme Court Justice, Vermont. b. March 2, 1902 at Bennington, Vt. A.B.


James G. Blaine from Yale and LL.B. from Harvard. Elected one term to Vermont lower house, served as states attorney, municipal judge and superior judge, being appointed associate justice of Vermont Supreme Court in 1949. Raised in Mount Anthony Lodge No. 13 on Dec. 25, 1923, serving as junior warden in 1932-33; member of Temple Chapter No.8, R.A.M., Bennington Council No.3, R. & S.M.; T'aft Commandery No.8, K.T., all of Bennington, Vt. Member of Vermont Consistory, Burlington, Vt. and received 33° AASR (NJ). Member of Cairo Shrine Temple of Rutland, Vt.

William W. Blackney Congressman from Michigan. b. Aug. 28, 1876 at Clio, Mich. Law degree, Univ. of Michigan, 1912. Member of 74th and 76th to 8Ist Congresses (1936-37, 193951). Mason and 32° AASR.

J. Stuart Blackton (1875-1941) Pioneer motion picture producer. b. Jan. 5, 1875 at Sheffield, Eng., coming to the United States in 1886. Started as newspaper writer and artist and entered the motion picture industry in 1896. Associated with Albert E. Smith, 1900 in organizing the Vitagraph Co.first to make screen plays-of which he was vice president'. In 1910 he founded Motion Picture Magazine. In 1915 he organized the Motion Picture Board of Trade of America and was its first president. He produced The Christian, Island of Regeneration, Battle Cry of Pe'ace, The Glorious Adventure (in color), The Clean Heart, The Happy Warrior and Bride of the Storm. Member of Centennial Lodge No. 763, New York City. d. Aug., 1941. Ibra C. Blackwood (1878-1936) Governor of South Carolina.. b. Nov. 21, 1878 at Blackwood, S.C.. Admitted to bar in 1902 and practiced at Spartanburg, S.C. Member of house of representatives 1903-05, solicitor 7th Judicial Circuit, 1916-31 and governor

of South Carolina 1931-35. Raised in Spartan Lodge No. 70, Spartanburg, S.C. on Aug. 20, 1903. Past grand master of Grand Lodge of S.C. d. Feb. 12, 1936.

Norman J. Blackwood (1866..1938) Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy. b. Jan. 3, 1866 at Philadelphia, Pa. Graduate of U.S. Naval Academy and received M.D. from Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia in 1888. Entered navy in 1890 and advanced through grades to rear admiral Oct. 10, 1929. Served in Spanish-American War, Cuban Insurrection, WW1. Commanded naval hospitals in the Philippines and U.S. and the ships U.S.S. Solace and U.S.S. Mercy. Retired from active service Jan. 3, 1930 and became medical director of Provident Hospital, Chicago. Mason and member of the National Sojourners. d. April 1, 1938.

Robert L. Blaffer (1876-1942) President of Humble Oil & Refining Co. b. Aug. 5, 1876 at New Orleans, La. Began with Monongahela Coal & Coke Co., New Orleans, 1894. Entered oil business in 1902 and from 1917-33 was vice president and treasurer of Humble Oil & Refining Co., becoming president in 1933 and chairman of the board in 1937. Mason. d. Oct. 22, 1942. James' G. Blam·e B an k presid ent. b. Jan. 10, 1888 in New York City.. Began with New York Life Insurance

Co.. in 1911.. Vice pres. Liberty National Bank, 1919-21, vice pres. New York Trust Co. 1921-27, president Fidelity Trust Co. 1927-30. President and director of Marine MicUand Trust Co. 1930-54 and chairman of the board since 1955. He is a director of the following: Fidelity Safe Deposit Co., Remington Rand, Inc., StudebakerPackard Corp., Pepsi Cola Co.. In 1948..49 he was chief of the E.C.A.. Mission to Belgium and Luxembourg and has served on many national and


David E. Blair international charitable organizations. Mason. David E. Blair Lawyer, jurist. b. Aug. 16, 1874 at Salina, Kans. LL.B. Univ. of Kansas, 1899.. Law practice at Joplin, Mo. Judge, Circuit Court, 25th Judicial Circuit 1908.. 17; member Public Service Commission of Mo. 191720; associate justice Supreme Court of Mo., 1921.. 30 and chief justice, 192526. Practiced law in St. Louis 1931...34 and returned to J aplin, 1934. Elected to Springfield Court of Appeals in 1944 for 12 year term, making him the only Missourian elected to all three benches. Mason and 32 0 AASR (SJ). James T. Blair (1871..1944) Jurist. b. Nov. 11, 1871 at Loudon, Tenn. Father of James T. Blair, Jr. q.'V. Taught school before starting law practice in 1896. President of Obion (Tenn.) College 1895. Member of committee to revise statutes of Mo. 1909-11; judge of Supreme Court of Mo. 1915-25 and chief justice, 1921-22. Re-entered law practice at St. Louis in 1925. Member of the Appellate Judicial Commission of Missouri :from 1941 until death on April 12, 1944. Mason. James T. Blair, Jr. Governor of Missouri, 1957.. 60. b. March 15, 1902 at Maysville, Mo. Admitted to bar in 1924 and since practiced in J efIerson City, Mo. Member of house of representatives 1928.. 32 and majority leader in 1931. Mayor of J e:f.terson City 194749 and lieutenant governor of Mo. from 1949-56 when elected governor. Served as lieutenant-colonel, U.S. Ar.. my, 1942-45. Raised in Jefferson Lodge No. 43, Oct. 14, 1925; exalted March 24; 1926, Jefferson City Chapter No. 34; Ezra Council No. 32 R. & S.M., March, 1936; Knighted Prince of Peace Commandery No. 29, K.T. March 27, 1939, all of Jefferson City, Mo. Shriner.

John Blair, Jr. (1732-1800) Named

by Washington as a justice on the first Supreme Court of the United States. b. Williamsburg, Va. in 1732. Graduated from William and Mary College and studied law at the Temple, London, soon becoming prominent in his profes'sion arid was a member of the legislature as early as 1765. In 1776 he was a member of the committee that drew up路 a plan for governing the state and was chosen to the council and in 1777 became a judge of the court of appeals for Virginia. He was afterward chief justice and in 1780 was judge of the high court of chan.. cery. A delegate to the convention that drew up the Federal Constitution and with Washington and Madison voted for its adoption-the other Vir.. ginians dissenting. In 1789 Washington named him. as one of the jus.. tices of the first Supreme Court of the U.S. and he served until 1796 when he resigned. He is often confused with his father, John Blair (1689-1771), who was president of the Council of Virginia under British rule (same as governor). A member of Williamsburg Lodge No.6, Williamsburg, Va. he was passed Aug. 3, 1773, raised Dec. 23, 1773. Where he was initiated is not known, but it is thought it may have been at the Lodge of St. James, England. The records of Williamsburg Lodge show that on Sept. 7, 1773 he was fined "1 shill, 3 pence for absence this evening," and that he signed the by-laws on July 6, 1773. He was elected master in May, 1774 and served as the first grand master of the Grand Lodge of Virginia from 1778-84. d.. Aug. 31, 1800.

Edgar Blake (1869-1943) Methodist bishop. b. Dec. 8, 1869 at Gorham, Maine. Graduate of Boston Univ. School of Theology, 1898; D.D. from Nebraska Wesleyan Univ., 1909 and LL.D. from DePauw Univ.. Ordained in 1899 and held pastorates in New Hampshire from 1895-1908. Secretary


Anto'nio Guzman 81anco

of Board of Sunday Schools 1912..20. Made a bishop on May 18, 1920. Mason and Knight Templar. d. May 26, 1943. Henry S. Blake (1888-1956) President of Capper Publications, Topeka, Kans. b. Feb. 14, 1888 at Minneapolis, Minn. J ained the Capper Publications in 1920 as business manager and was selected vice president and general manager in 1937, taking over the presidency in 1952 on the death of Senator Arthur Capper. As president of the largest publishing firm west of the Mississippi he was executive officer of the following publications with a circulation of 5 million; Capper's Weekly, Topeka Daily Capital, Kansas City Kansan; two national magazines, Household and Capper's Farmer and five state farm papers, Kansas Farmer~ Missouri Ruralist, Michigan Farmer, Ohio Farmer, and Pennsylvania Farmer. Capper Publications also include radio stations WIBW, Topeka and KCKN, Kansas City and television station WIBW-TV at Topeka. He was a Mason, 32° AASR (SJ) and Shriner. d. March 12, 1956.

William Rufus Blake (1805-1863) Actor. b. in Ha1i£ax, N.S. and first appeared on the stage of that city when 17 as the Prince of Wales, in Richard the Third. His first New York appearance was in 1824 at the Chatham theatre as Frederick in The Poor Gentleman. While playing at the Tremont theatre, Boston in 1827, he received the first call before the curtain ever given to an actor in this country. In 1839 he visited England, making his first appearance there in the Haymarket theatre, London. On April 21, 1863, while playing Sir Peter Teazle, in the Boston theatre, he was suddenIy taken ill and died the next day. He was the author of several plays including Nero and The Turned Head. Blake was a member of Independent

Royal Arch Lodge No.2 of New York City. Raymond B. Blakney President of Olivet College (Mich.) b. Nov. 4, 1895 at Boston, Mass. Ordained Congregational minister in 1918 and taught physics at Fukien Christian Univ., Fooehow, China from 19·20-27. Served as pastor in Sanford, Me., and Williamstown, Mass. Returned to Orient as missionary for American Board Commissioners (Cong.) at Peking and Mindanao, Philippines until 1949. Served as chaplain, U.S. Army in WW1 and WW2. President of Olivet College since 1950. In 1957 he became president of Pierce College, Athens, Greece. Raised in Fooehow Lodge, Foochow, China in 1923 and now member of International Lodge, Peking, China (in exile). 32° AASR (SJ) in Peking, Orient of China and served as secretary of the Scottish Rite bodies of North China (in exile) from 1948-57. KCCH. Antonio Guzman Blanco (1829-1899) President of Venezuela three terms. b. in Caracas. Served. as vice-president of Venezuela 1863-68. Following the overthrow of Falcon in 1868, as a general he led a successful revolution. He was president from 1870-72 and on alternate two years until 1889 when deposed by Congress. He was practically a dictator for the entire period. As president he decreed that the Grand Lodge of Venezuela could send out communications postage free, a privilege which has since been rescinded. He erected the beautiful Masonic temple at Caracas, the largest and most complete in South America. He established the separation of the Catholic church and the state and abolished the convents and transformed Catholic churches into monuments such as the Capitol and the Pantheon for their independence heroes. He also installed compulsory education. He was a 83 0 AASR. Died


John R. Bland in Paris, France-where he liked to

live even when he was president. John R. Bland (1851-1923) Organizer and president of the U.S. Fidelity & Guaranty Insurance Co. in 1896. b. March 24, 1851 at Bridgeton, Mo. d. Jan. 6, 1923. Mason. Richard P. Bland (1835-1899) U.S. Congressman from Missouri for 25 years. Known as "Silver Dick." b. Aug. 19, 1835 near Hartford, Ky. Moved to Missouri in 1855 and thence to California on a mining expedition. He then removed to that part of Utah which is now Nevada and practiced law at Virginia City. He returned to Missouri in 1865 and practiced law at Rolla until Aug. 1869 when he moved to Lebanon. As a member of Congress from 1873-95 and 1897-99, he was the author of the Bland bill for the coinage of not less than two million and not more than four million in silver bullion per month which was passed in 1878 and repealed in 1891. In 1896 he received many votes for president. He was a member of Rolla Lodge No. 213, Rolla, Mo. and was exalted in Rolla Chapter No. 32 in 1868. He later transferred as a charter member of Lebanon Chapter No. 64 and served as high priest in 1871. Knighted in St. John's Commandery No. 33, Springfield and later affiliated with Lebanon Commandery No. 33 at Lebanon. d. June 15, 1899 and buried with Masonic and Knight Templar honors in a Catholic cemetery in St. Louis. Theodoric Bland (1742.. 1790) Revolutionary soldier, doctor and member of Continental Congress. b. in Prince George Co., Va. he was educated in England and studied medicine at Univ. of Edinburgh. After being admitted to medical practice he returned to America in 1764. Wrote against the English governor under路 the pen name "Cassius" and was one of those who removed arms and anununition which

Lord Dunmore had taken from the public arsenal. He became captain of the first group of Virginia cavalry and later colonel. He distinguished himself at the battle of Brandywine and had the confidence of General Washington. He served one tenn dur.. ing the war in the Virginia senate and was elected to the Continental Congress from 1780-83. He was a member of the Virginia convention of 1788 and was among those opposed to the adoption of the federal constitution. He became representative from Virginia to the first 路Congress, taking his seat March 30, 1789. Although his lodge is not known, he was present at Williamsburg Lodge No.6 on July 7, 1778. d. June 1, 1790. William T. Bland (1861-1928) U.S. Congressman from Missouri, 66th Congress (1919-21). b. Jan. 21, 1861 at Weston, Va. Law degree from Univ. of West Virginia in 1884. Practiced law in Atchison, Kans. and was elected judge of 2nd Judicial District from 1896-1904 but resigned in 1901 to engage in wholesale drug business as vice president and later president of McPike Drug Co., Kansas City, Mo. Mason. d. Jan. 16, 1928. Alexander H. Blankingship Episco.. pal Bishop. b. Nov. 30, 1894 at Richmond, Va. Graduate of Univ. of Richmond (A.B. and D.D.); Yale Divinity School (A.B.) and B.D. Virginia Theological Semin. Served as rector of Emmanuel Episcopal Church in Alex.. andria, Va. 1924-27 and dean of Holy Trinity Cathedral, Havana, Cuba, 1927-39. Has been bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Missionary District of Cuba since Feb. 1939. Served in Mexican Border conflict of 1916 and WW1. Received degrees in Alexandria-Washington Lodge No. 22, Alexandria, Va. in 1925 and presently a member of Island Lodge No. 56, Island Chapter No.1, R.A.M.; Havana Commandery No.1, K.T. and 32掳


Harman Blennerhassett

Santiago Consistory, Havana, Cuba. Member of Mahi Shrine Temple, Miami, Florida and Havana Shrine Club. Has served as chaplain of his blue lodge and commandery. John D. Blanton (1859-1933) President of Ward Belmont School, Nashville, Tenn. b. March 26, 1859 in Cumberland Co., Va. Taught and supervised schools in Missouri until selected as vice-president of Ward Belmont in 1913. Became president in 1915. Mason. d. Oct. 6, 1933.

Henry G. Blasdel First Governor of Nevada. Member of Santa Cruz Lodge No. 38, Santa Cruz, Calif. and later past master of Carson Lodge No.1, Carson City, Nevada. Samuel Blatchford (1820-?) U.S. Supreme Court justice. b. March 9, 1820 in New York. Became private secretary to Gov. William H. Seward in 1839 and military secretary on his staff until 1843. Admitted to bar in 1842 and settled in AubuIn, N.Y. where he was associated with Seward as a law partner. Moved to New York in 1854. Named associate justice of U.S. Supreme Court in 1882 and served eleven years (1893). He was raised in Manhattan Lodge No. 62, New York City on Jan. 16, 1863.

Valentine Blatz Founder of Blatz Brewing Co. and member of Aurora Lodge No. 10, Milwaukee, Wis. Cadwallader, 9th Lord. of Blayney (1720-1775) Grand Master of the Moderns from 1764-67 and of Ireland in 1768. It was under his authority that the Charter o拢Compact was drawn up with the路 Royal Arch Grand Chapter. During his grandmastership 74 lodges were constituted as contrasted with the 20 charters issued by the "Ancients." Jesse Bledsoe (1776-1837) U.S. Senator from Kentucky. b. April 6, 1776 in Culpepper Co., Va. Became

secretary of state of Kentucky in 1808 and member of the state legislature in 1812. Served as U.S. Senator, 1913-15. From 1917-20 he was state senator and in 1822 was appointed circuit judge in the Lexington district. In 1833 he removed to Mississippi and in 1835 to Texas. Member of Lexington Lodge No.1, Lexington, Ky. and past master of same; grand tyler of the G.L. of Kentucky in 1808. Member of Frankfort Chapter No.3, R.A.M. at Frankfort, Ky. d. June 30, 1837.

Samuel T. Ble路dsoe (1868-1939) President of A.T. & S.F. Railroad and affiliated companies. b. May 12, 1868 in Clinton Co., Ky. Practiced law in Texas, Indian Territory and Oklahoma. First associated with A.T. & S.F. in 1908, becoming president in 1933. Director of Railway Express Agency. Mason. d. March 8, 1939. Harman Blenne'rhassett (1764-1831) Associate of Aaron Burr and controversial figure of the post-Revolutionary period. b. Oct. 8, 1764 (or 1765) in Halnpshire, England. Of a wealthy family he studied at Westminster, London and Trinity college, Dublin, receiving B.A. and LL.B. degrees in 1790. In 1797 he disposed of his estates, and sailed for New York, determined to spend the rest of his life in study and leisure. In 1798 he purchased an island in the Ohio river a few miles below Parkersburg called Backus island-and afterwards Blennerhassett island. Here he erected an elaborate mansion which he filled with costly pictures, statues and books. Settling down to a life of study on the sciences such as chemistry and astronomy, he was known for his lavish hospitality and soon became the social leader of the area. On Aug. 12, 1797 he visited American Union Lodge No. 1 at Marietta and in 1798 was made its secretary. Where he received his degrees is not known. Among the many distinguished guests to share


1st Earl of Blesington

his hospitality was Aaron Burr in 1805. Burr succeeded in interesting him in his scheme for the invasion of the Mexican territory west of the Mississippi and setting up a private "nation." It is probable that Blennerhassett did not realize that Burr's scheme was treasonable, and he invested large sums in boats, arms and provisions for the expedition. When Jefferson issued a proclamation against the scheme, Blennerhassett fled with Burr, was arrested and freed but arrested again at Lexington, Ky. and placed in prison. Even the legal services of Henry Clay could not effect his release, but when the treason charges against Burr failed, he was released in 1807. His property had been seized and then accidentally burned. Blennerhassett then settled in Natchez, Miss. where he purchased 1,000 acres of ground. He was admitted a member of Harmony Lodge No.1 at Natchez on March 4, 1816 and was shown as a member of that lodge until the returns of 1819 when he removed to Montreal where he began the practice of law. When he failed to receive a judgeship from his friend and schoolmate, the Duke of Richmond, he sailed for Ireland in 1822 hoping to recover his estates, but failed. He died Feb. 1, 1831 on the Isle of Guernsey.

and orchestra leader. Made a hit of the Davy Crockett song in 1954. President of Cadence Records. A member of St. Cecile Lodge No. 568, New York

City. Reynolds E. Blight (1879-?) Writ.. er and lecturer. b. May 19, 1879 at Torrington, Eng., conling to United States in 1896. Lectured for churches and Southwestern Univ.. Editor of several publications-Liberal Review 1918-19; Masonic Digest, 1921-23 and 1925-33; New Age 1923-25; California Certified Pu.blic Accountant, 1935-41; and Los Angeles Churchman, 1935-43. President of Pierce Insurance Co. Mason, 33 0 AASR (SJ), Knight Templar and Red Cross of Constantine. Field secretary of Los Angeles AASR bod.. ies, since 1944. Member of committee on Masonic Infonnation, G.L. of Calif. and Masonic Homes Endowment Fund Board. Author of What路1 Believe' and Why; Freemasonry at a Glance.

1st Earl of Blesington (Viscount Mountjoy) (1709.. 1769) First grand master of the Ancients, 1756-60. It was to him. that Laurence Dermott dedicated his Ahima'l1, Rezon probably in an effort to secure his acceptance of the office. He was privately in.. stalled in his own library. Previously, as the 3rd Viscount Mountjoy, he had ruled the Irish craft in 1738-39, and had been responsible for the foundation of Irish Masonic charity. He was a kinsman of the Han. Elizabeth St. Leger q.'V. the lady Freemason. Archie Bleyer Musician, composer

Aaron T. Bliss (1837-1906) Gover.. nor of Michigan. b. May 22, 1837 at Smithfield, N.Y. Served in New York militia during Civil War, captured and spent six months in prisons, eventually escaping and making way back to Union lines nearly starved. Engaged in lumbering at Saginaw, Mich. from 1865 until his death in 1906. Served in many local, state and national public offices, including state senator, member of U.S. Congress from 8th Mich. dist. in 1889-91. Elected twice as governor of Michigan, serving from 1900-04. Member of Saginaw Valley Lodge No. 154 at Saginaw. Cornelius N. Bliss (1833-1911) Secretary of Interior under McKinley. b. Jan. 26, 1833 at Fall River, Mass. Engaged in dry goods business most of his life. Trustee and director of several large corporations. Served as chairman of the New York Republican Committee and treasurer of National. Republican Committee. Named by McKinley as Secretary of the In-


Sol Bloom terior in 1897 and resigned in 1899. Declined to be a candidate for governor of New York in 1885 and 1891. Member of St. Johns Lodge, Boston, joining in 1858. d. 1911.

Herbert Bliss Brigadier General, U. S. Army. 33 0 AASR and member of National Sojourners. Raymond W. Bliss Surgeon General, U.S. Army. b. May 17, 1888 at Chelsea, Mass. Graduated Tufts Medical College in 1910, Army Medical School, 1913, Harvard Medical School, 1921 (C.S.) and 1943 (D.Sc.). Commissioned 1st Lt. in Medical Reserve Corps, 1911 and advanced through grades to major general in 1943. Appointed Surgeon General in June, 1947. Mason. Antonio, Blitz (1810..1877)


cian. b. June 21, 1810 in Deal, England. An early magician who in those

days were known as "prestidigitateurs." He began his career at the age of 13 in Hamburg, Germany and after travelling two years in northern Europe, he returned to England, appearing first in Dover in Dec. 1925. He then visited Ireland and Scotland and in 1834 came to the United States, travelling through the country, Canada and West Indies. On his return from the South he settled in Philadelphia, Pa. where he resided until his death on Jan. 28, 1877. He was author of Fifty Years in the Magic Circle. Although his original lodge is not known, he was made an honorary member of Montgomery Lodge No. 19 of Philadelphia.

William P. Blocker (1892-1947) Consul General of United States. b. Sept. 30, 1892 at Hondo, Texas. Entered consular service in 1913 and served in various capacities in consular office'S of Mexico and Cuba. Was consul general at Ciudad Juarez, Mexico from 1938. Mason. d. Feb. 28, 1947. Timothy



U.S. Senator from North Carolina. He was a member of the Continental Congress of 1786-87 and for thirty years a member of the legislative assembly of N.C. Served in U.S. Congress from 1790 to 1791 and as u.s. Senator from 1795-1801. After his senatorship, he was collector of the port of Wilmington. He grew up in poverty and followed in turn the professions of farmer, smith, preacher, doctor, wheelwright and politician. He was noted for his benevolence. In 1805 he represented St. Tammany Lodge No. 30, Wilmington, N.C. at the G.L. of N.C. d. Aug. 24, 1814. Henry Bloom General in the war of 1812. His grave has a Masonic headstone.

Sol Bloom (1870-1949) U.S. Congressman from 20th New York district from 68th to 31st Congresses (1923-51). b. March 9, 1870 at Pekin, TIL Had a varied career in newspaper, theatrical and music publishing businesses. In 1893 he was superintendent of the construction of the Midway Plaisance of the Chicago Exposition. Moved to New York City in 1903 and engaged in real estate and construcv. Harwood Blocker Consul Gen- tion business. He was chairman of eral of United States. b. June 8, 1903 the House Committee on ForeignAÂŁat Hondo, Texas. Entered U.S. consu- fairs. His greatest service to the U.S. lar service in 1926 and has served as was as director of the U.S. George clerk, vice consul, sec. consul in Peru, Washington Bicentennial Commission Mexico, Paraguay, Morocco, Hondu- in 1932. He was also chairman of ras, Martinique, Brazil, Victoria. Con- committee on the celebration of the , sul general at Athens, Greece since 150th anniversary of the U.s. Supreme 1954. Hondo Lodge No. 756, Hondo, Court and director general of the u.S. Constitution Sesquicentennial Texas. 101

Joseph Bloomfield Commission. He was a signer of the United Nations Charter and delegate to U.N. conferences in San Francisco, London and New York. A member of Pacific Lodge No. 233 (1903), New York City, he was a 32掳 AASR (NJ) member and Shriner. d. March 7, 1949. Joseph Bloomfield (1753-1823) Gov-

ernor of New Jersey. b. Oct. 5, 1753 at Woodbridge, N.J. Studied law until beginning of the Revolutionary War when he was made a captain in Dayton's regiment of the 3rd New Jersey in 1776 and served through the war, attaining the rank of major. Following the war he was admitted to the bar and practiced at Burlington until he became attorney general of the state. During the War of 1812 he was a brigadier general. From 1801-12 he was governor of New Jersey, and member of U.S. Congress from 181721. He was raised in Bristol Lodge No. 25, Bristol, Pat and served as master in 1782. He affiliated with Trenton Lodge No.5, Trenton, N.J. in 1790 and in 1799..80 was grand master of the G.L.. of New Jersey. d. Oct. 3, 1823. Sumner N. Blossom Magazine editor. b. Kansas City, Mo. Attended public schools and Univ. of Missouri. Started journalism career with the Kansas City Star, 1912-14 and with the Associated Press, 1914-16. Was correspondent with the U.S. punitive expedition in Mexico, 1916. From 1919-22 was with the New York Daily News. Editor of Popular Science Monthly, 1922-29, and editor of The American Magazine since 1929 and director of Crowell-Collier Publishing Co. Raised in Ivanhoe Lodge No. 446, Kansas City, Mo. about 1913. Member of the Grand Council, Order of De..


Willie Blount (1767-1) Governor of Tennessee, 1809-15. 路b. in North Carolina and was a half-brother of

William Blount, the Constitution signer. He was secretary to his brother while the latter was territorial governor of Ohio, and afterward moved to Montgomery Co., Tenn. Member of Unanimity Lodge No. 54 of North Carolina.

Gebhard Leberecht von Blucher (1742-1819) Field Marshal General of Prussia and Prince of Wahlstadt. Entered Swedish service in 1756 and captured by Prussians in Seven Year's War. He then entered Prussian army. Discharged in 1770 but rejoined in 1787. Took part in Dutch and Pomeranian campaigns and commissioned lieut.-general in 1801, serving as governor of Munster in 1803. Captured by French in 1806 but was exchanged for a French general. In the War of Liberation he led Prussian troops under Russian command and became commander in chief of the Silesian army, in war against Napoleon in 1813; defeated Macdonald at Katzbach and Marmont at Moe.. kern. Crossed the Elbe and was first to enter Leipzig. Created field marshal general, he crossed the Rhine in 1814 and besieged Napoleon at La Rothiere, but was forced to retreat. He defeated Napoleon at Laon and entered Paris in 1814 for which he was created Prince of Wahlstatt (in Silesia). As commander of Prussian forces in Belgium., 1815, he was defeated at Ligney, but aided Wellington in the victory of Waterloo. His original lodge is not known, but he was a constant visitor in the Lodge "Pax lnimicamalis" at Emmeriah in 1800-01; and in 1814 the Lodge "Archimedes" at Altenburg received him as an honorary member. His nickname was "Marshal For.. ward."

Monte路Blue Movie actor. b. Indian.. apolis, Ind. His father was a railroad engineer who was killed when Monte was 5, and when his mother died six years later, he and his brothers were


Hiram AbifF Boaz placed in an orphans' home at Knightstown, Ind. Worked his way through school and turned to his father's trade of railroading. After working as a fireman on the Big Four, he became a soldier of fortune, trying almost everything-cowboy, lumberjack, sailor, with a circus and finally the silent films, where he was a popular Warner Brothers star. A member of Utopia Lodge No. 537 of Los Angeles, he was a member of the Los Angeles Consistory AASR and was noted for his impressive degree work in that branch of Freemasonry. He was also a member of AI Malaikah Shrine Temple and the famous "233 Club"-a movie-Masonic club.

serving in the 17th Congress. He died Oct. 8, 1823 at Boardman, Ohio, a town in which he was interested. He was a member of Columbia Lodge No. 25 at Stepney, Conn., and in 1809 of Hiram Lodge No. 1, New Haven.

Harold S. Boardman President of University of Maine 1926-34. b. March 31, 1884 at Bangor, Me. A civil engineer with degrees from Maine State, Mass. Institute of Technology, Univ. o£ Maine, Colby, Rhode Island College and Bates College. Alternated between teaching and practical engineering work, specializing in bridges and hydrographic, structural and hydraulic highway projects. Mason and 32° AASR (NJ).

Robert D. Blue Governor of Iowa (1945-49). b. Sept. 24, 1898 at Eagle

Grove, Ia. In law practice at Eagle Grove since 1922. Served as state representative, Republican floor leader, speaker of the house and lieutenant governor. Mason, Shriner, member of Eastern Star and White Shrine. Fred H. Blume Chief justice, Supreme Court of Wyoming. b. Jan. 9, 1875 at Audubon, Ia. Admitted to Iowa bar in 1899 and practiced at Audubon until 1904 when he moved to Sheridan, Wyo. Member of Wyoming lower house 1907-09 and senate, 1909-13. Has been a justice of the Supreme Court of Wyoming since 1921, serving as chief justice 1927-31, 1937-39 and 1945-47. Mason.

4th Lord of Blythswood (Archibald Douglas Campbell) 85th Grand Master Mason of Scotland (1926-28). b. April 25, 1870 at London, Eng. Active member o£ the Supreme Council of Scotland. Elijah Boardman (1760-1823) U.S. Senator from Connecticut. b. March 7,1760 at New Mil£ord, Conn. Served several terms in the lower branch of the Connecticut legislature and in 1821 was elected to the U.S. Senate,

Victor V. Boatner (1881-1950) President of Chicago Great Western Railroad and Peoria & Pekin Union Railroad. b. May 6, 1881 at Bethlehem, Mass. Began railroad career with Yazo & Mississippi Valley in 1901. Served as director of railway transport in Office of Defense Transportation, 194244. Mason, AASR and Shriner. d. Feb. 11, 1950.

Hiram AbUT Boaz Methodist bishop. b. Dec. 18, 1866 at Murray, Ky. Licensed to preach in 1889 and ordained Methodist minister in 1891. Held several pastorates in Texas before becoming president of Polytechnic College at Fort Worth 1902-11; vice president of Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, 1911-13; and president of Texas Woman's College, 1913-18. From 1918-20 he was president of S.M.U. In 1922 was elected bishop M.E. Church and assigned to superintend church work in China, Japan, Siberia and Manchuria. From 1926 until his retirement in 1938 he headed various conferences in Arkansas, Oklahoma, Texas and Mexico. A member of Granger Lodge No. 677, Granger, Texas, he served as grand chaplain of the G.L. of Texas in 1953.


E. Manchester Boddy fluence that Emperor Alexander revoked the edict against Freemasonry and became a member of the craft himself. Boeber was grand master of the G.L. of Russia from 1811-14. He became a member of the Lodge "Alexander of Charity of the Crowned Peli.. can" in 1808 or 1809. This lodge worked under the Swedish system.

Active in York Rite Masonry, he is a noted Masonic speaker.

E. Manchester Boddy Newspaper executive. b. Nov. 1, 1891 at Lake Tapps, Wash. Began as salesman for Encyclopedia Britannica in New England, 1916. Owner and editor of Huntington PaTk Signal and Los Angeles Daily News. Is associate editor of L. D. Powell Co., book publishers. Served as infantry officer in WWl and was disabled in Argonne Forest. Member of Craftsmen Lodge No. 559, Los Angeles, Calif.,

Jacob Boehmen (also Boehme) See Bohme


J. Caleb Boggs Governor of Dela.. ware. b. May 15, 1909 at Cheswold, Del. Received A.B. from Univ. of Delaware and LL.D. from Georgetown Univ. Practiced law in Wilmington. U.S. Congressman from 1946-52. Active service in WWl as army colonel. Member of Eureka Lodge No. 23; 32 Delaware Consistory, both of Wilmington. Member of Nur Shrine Temple, Wilmington; Tall Cedars of Lebanon, Milford; National Sojourn.. ers, DeMolay, Jesters, of Wilmington.

Johann Joachim Christoph Bode (1730-1793) German musician, bookdealer and translator. Translated Sterne, Fielding, Goldsmith, Burney, Montaigne and others. Wrote exten.. sivelyon Freemasonry and was one of the most distinguished Masons of his time. b. Jan. 16, 1730 in Brunswick. He was initiated in 1791 and is listed as a member and past master of Lodge Absalem at Hamburg. He served as deputy grand master of the G.L. of Hamburg.


Thomas BodleYt (1744-?) American general who served in Wayne's Indian campaign. b. Feb. 2, 1744. A member of Lexington Lodge No.1, Lexington, Ky., serving as master in 1798 and grand master of the G.L. of Kentucky in 1818. Joseph R. Bodwell (1818-1887) Governor of Maine. b. June 18, 1818 in Methuen, Mass. Opened quarries in 1852 on an island in Penobscot Bay and in 1870 organized the Bodwell and Hallowell granite company. Served路 twice in the legislature and was elected governor in 1886.. A member of Rockland Lodge No.. 79, Rockland, Me. d. Dec. 15, 1887. Johann Roeber Russian Royal Councilor of State and director of the School of Cadets at St. Petersburg during the reign of Alexander I q.v. It was presumably through his in-

Lewis V. Bogy (1813-1877) U.S. Senator from Missouri. b. April 9, 1813 at St. Genevieve, Mo., a descend.. ant of the early French settlers of the region. Studied law in Illinois and Kentucky and graduated from Lexington Law School in 1835 and set up practice in St. Louis. Served several terms in Missouri legislature and in 1867-68 was commissioner of Indian affairs. Interested in the development of the mineral resources of the state, he was a founder and president of the St. Louis and Iron Mountain railroad. Elected to U.S. Senate as a democrat in 1873. Member of Polar Star Lodge No.. 79 of St. Louis. b hm ) Al Jako Do e (1575-1624 .so Boehmen, Bohm, Boehme. Leading German theosophist and mystic. In later years some of his disciples who were Freemasons, sought to incorporate his dogmas into Freemasonry and to make the lodges schools of theosophy. The Theosophic Rites of


Louis Bonaparte Freemasonry, which prevailed to a great extent in France and Germany can be traced to Bohme's ideas. In 1634 he published Aurora, otrder die Morgenrote im Aufgang which was

condemned as heretical by the church.

Simon Bolivar (1783-1830) The "George Washington" of South America, who in 20 years of warfare liber-

ated from Spanish tyranny the area which is now Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. b. in Caracas, Venezuela. He joined Freemasonry in Cadiz, Spain and received the Scottish Rite degrees in Paris and was knighted in a Commandery of Knights Templar in France in 1807. While on a diplomatic mis'sion to London in 1810 he was active in Freemasonry in that country. He founded and served as master of Protectora de las Vertudes Lodge No.1 in Venezuela and in 1824 founded the Lodge Order and Liberty No.2 in Peru. In 1828, when the anti-Masonic wave was sweeping over the world, Bolivar forbade meetings of Masons in Venezuela. His Scottish Rite collar and apron are on exhibit in the New York Grand Lodge museum. Catholic born, he broke away from the church when, in his liberation movement, he found that the clerics who ruled with an iron hand under the Spanish administration were among his chief opponents. On his death bed in 1830 he returned to Catholicism for spiritual aid. Nevertheless it was as a Freemason that he performed the deeds which established him as one of the greatest liberators of the world. Frank C. Bolles

Major General,

u.s. Army. b. Sept. 25, 1872 at Elgin, Ill. Graduate of u.s. Military Academy in 1896 and promoted through grades to major general in 1935. Served in Spanish American War, Philippine Insurrection and WWl. Wounded twice and gassed once. Commanded 39th Infantry in WWl,

later 30th Infantry at Presidio, Calif.. Was commanding general of Ft. Russell, Ft. Stotsenburg, Fort Sheridan, Fort Sam Houston and 7th Corps Area. Retired in 1936. President of Union State Bank, South San Antonio, Texas since 1937.. Mason and member of National Sojourners. Jerome Bonaparte (1784-1860) Brother of Napoleon I q.v. b. Nov. 15, 1784. Served as lieutenant on an expedition to Haiti in 1803 and took refuge from British in United States where in 1803 he married Elizabeth Patterson of Baltimore. The marriage was annulled in 1805 as Napoleon did not recognize it. He later married Princess Catherine of Wurttemberg. He was made King of Westphalia in 1807 by Napoleon and was afterwal"ds known as the Duc de Monfort. At Napoleon's defeat in 1814, he settled in Florence, returning to France in 1848; was made a Marshal of France in 1850 and served as president of the Senate. He was grand master of the Grand Orient of Westphalia. d. June 24, 1860. Joseph Bonaparte (1768-1844) Eldest of the four brothers of Napoleon who were all Freemasons. b. Jan. 7, 1768. He was a member of the Council of Five Hundred in 1798 and councilor of state in 1799. Napoleon made him King of Naples from 1806-08 and King of Spain from 1803-13. From 1815-32, following Napoleon's defeat he lived in the United States under the name of Comte de Survilliers. He was made a Freemason at the Tuil... leries in April, 1805 by a commission composed of "Bros.Cambaceres, Kellerman, Hugh Maret and several others" and in the same year was appointed as grand master of the Grand Orient of France by Napoleon. d. July 28, 1844. Louis Bonap,arte (1778-1846) Brother of Napoleon I and King of Holland.. b. Sept. 2, 1778. Made King of Hol-


Lucien Bonaparte

founded the Pennsylvania hospital. He was closely associated with Benjamin Franklin and Dr. John Bartram, the botanist, in a literary society of Philadelphia. In 1749 he was deputy grand master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.

land in 1806 by Napoleon, abdicating in 1810, when he assumed the title of Comte de St. Leu. In 1805 he was governor of Paris, and when his brother, Joseph was named grand master of the Grand Orient of France in 1805, he was named deputy grand master. d. July 25, 1846. Father of Emperor Napoleon III. Lucien Bonaparte (1775-1840) Brother or Napoleon I and a member of the Grand Orient of France. As president of the Council of Five Hundred in 1799, he aided Napoleon in securing dictatorship of France. He was named ambassador to Madrid in 1800 and negotiated a treaty between Spain and Portugal in 1801, but in 1810 was exiled for opposing Napoleon's policies and while on way to United States was captured by the English and held as prisoner of state in England. In 1814 he was given the title of Prince of Canino. b. May 21, 1775. d. June 29, 1840. Napoleon Bonaparte See Napoleon

I. Shadrach Bond (1773-1832) First governor of Illinois. b. Nov. 24, 1773 in Frederick Co., Md. He moved to Kaskaskia (Ill.), then in Indiana territory and was a member of the legislature of the Illinois territory and its first delegate to Congress, serving from 1812-14. In 1814 he was appointed receiver of public monies and when illinois became a state he was elected its first governor, serving 1818.. 22. He was initiated in Temple Lodge No. 26, Reisterstown, Md. and affiliated with Western Star Lodge No. 107 at Kaskaskia, Ill. on Dec. 27, 1806, serving as master of the lodge in 1815-18.. 27-28-29. He was first grand master of the Grand Lodge of lllinois in 1822, which later became defunct. d. April 12, 1832. Thomas Bond (1712-1784) Distinguished early day physician who

August (Anshel) Bondi (1833-1907) Compatriot of free-stater John Brown q.v. b. July 21, 1833 Vienna, Austria. An adventurer who'se last request was that he be known as a "fighter for fre-edom," he first saw action at the age of 14 in the Metternich revolution after which he migrated to the United States. He joined a group going to Cuba to fight the Spaniards, but this venture failed. He also at.. tempted to join Perry's first expedition to Japan. Finally settling in Kansas, he joined John Brown and his free-staters and participated in the battles of Blackjack and Osawatomie. At the outbreak of the Civil War he joined the 5th Kansas Cavalry and participated in the battles of Black River, PineBluff; and was left for dead on the battlefield at Monticello Cross Roads (Ark.) A few months later he was mustered out of the service. His many business ventures failed, due mainly to his wanderlust. He died Sept. 30, 1907 in St. Louis and was buried in Salina, Kansas with Jewish and Masonic rites. William. W. Bondurant Educator and college president. b. Rice, Va. Professor of Latin. President of Daniel Baker College,. Brownwood, Texas, 1915-16. Superintendent of Texas Military Institute from 1926-47 (emeritus since 1952). Mason, Knight Templar and Shriner. Manual Jose Carazzo Bonilla Vice president of Costa Rica (1936-40) under President Castro. Was secretary of state. A brilliant student, he was active in many political fields. Member of Caridad Lodge No. 26.


Edwin T. Booth Ygnacio Bonillas (1858-1944) Ambassador :from Mexico to United States from 1917. b. Feb. 1, 1858 at San Ygnacio, Sonora, Mexico. Studied at Mass. Inst. of Tech. Mining inspector, state of Sonora 1911-13. Secretary in first Carranza cabinet 1884-88. Member of 23rd Congress, State of Sonora and member of commission to settle difficulties arising from Villa's attack on Columbus, N. Mex. and Pershing expedition. Mason. d. Jan. 31, 1944. Nicholas de Bonneville (1760-1828) French writer, bookseller, man of letters and president of one of the Paris districts at outbreak of French Revolution in 1789. b. March 13, 1760 at Evreaux. In 1788 he published a book entitled The Jesuits driven from Freemasonry and their weapon broken by the Freemasons (translation). His theory was that the Jesuits had introduced the history of the life and death of the Templars into the symbolic degrees, and the doctrine of vengeance for the political and religious crime of their destruction. He is best known for his Historry of Modern Europe. (1792). Milton O. Boone Brigadier General, U.S. Army. b. June 15, 1891 at Oakland, N.J. Commissioned in 1917, rising to rank of brigadier general in 1948. Served in A.E.F. during WWl. During WW2 was commanding general of California Quartermaster Depot at Oakland and later of the European command from 1946-48. Retired, 1948. Mason. William J. Boone (1860-1936) Founder and president of College of Idaho, 1891-1936. b. Nov. 5, 1860 at Cannonsburg, Pa. Received B.A., M.A., D.D. from Wooster College (Ohio) and LL.D. and S.T.B. from Western Theological Seminary. Ordained Presbyterian minister in 1887. Mason. d. July 8, 1936.

Ballington Booth (1859-1940) Reformer and founder of The Volunteers of America. b. July 28, 1859 at Brighouse, Yorkshire, England, second son of General William Booth, founder of the Salvation Army. Ballington was in charge of the Salvation Army in Australia from 1885-87 and in the United States from 1887 to 1896 when he withdrew from the army after disagreement with his father on the method of operation in America. He then organized a similar group, The Volunteers of America. His wife, Maud Charlesworth, aided him in founding the Volunteers and directed its prison work. She was one of the founders of the Parent-Teachers Association. Booth was a member of Montclair Lodge No. 144, N.J. about 1899, and later Charter Oak Lodge No. 249, New York City. He was past grand chaplain of the Grand Lodge of New York and member of York and Scottish rites as well as Kismet Temple, AAONMS. d. Oct. 5, 1940.

Charles B. Booth Reformer and welfare worker, head of The Volunteers of America since 1948. Son of Ballington Booth g.v., founder of the Volunteers, and grandson of General William Booth, founder of the Salvation Army. b. Dec. 26, 1887, Brooklyn, N.Y. Was general secretary of the Volunteer Prison League 1906-15 and national field secretary of the Big Brother and Big Sister Federation, 1925-29. Associated with The Volunteers of America since 1930 in De... troit, Pittsburgh and Kansas City, Mo. Western area secretary 1938-39, national field secretary, 1939-45, central area commander, 1945-49, and general commander inchieÂŁ since 1949. Raised in Montclair Lodge No. 144, Montclair, N.J.. and demitted to Morton Lodge No. 63, Hempstead, N.Y. Edwin T. Booth (1833-1893) Famous Shakespearean actor of the American stage. b.Nov. 13, 1833 at


John L. Booth

Press, Flint Journal, Saginaw News, Bay City Times, Muskegon Chronicle" Kalamazoo Gazette, Jackson City Pa.. triot, and Ann Arbor News. Mason. Sir Robert Laird Borden (1854-1937)

Belair, Md. Member of a famous stage family, his father was Junius Brutus and his brother, John Wilkes, who assassinated Lincoln on Apri114, 1865. Edwin first appeared on the stage in 1849 and by 1855 was a well established actor. His later travels carried

Prime minister of Canada, 1911-1920. b. in Nova Scotia where he was a member of the craft. Member of Par.. liament from 1896, and leader of Con.. servative opposition in House oÂŁ Commons, 1901. Served as delegate to Paris Peace Conference in 1919 and

him throughout the world. He was greatly admired for his moral strength in rising above periods of poverty and hunger, his father's addiction to drink and periods of insanity, and his brother's act of assassination and death.. He was ir~itiated in New York Lodge No. 330 on Sept.. 11, 1857 and raised Sept. 23. His love of Freemasonry is attested by his bequest of five thousand dollars to the Hall and Asylum Fund, and his statement that ". . . to be worshipful master and to throw my whole soul in that work, with the candidate for my audience, and the lodge for my stage, would be greater personal distinction than to receive the plaudits of the people in the theaters of the world." He was an honorary member of the Masonic Veterans Association of New York, and on at least two occasions gave dramatic red While citals in Ind ependent Loge. visiting a lodge in Omaha, Nebr. he was called upon to give a short talk and when asked what his favorite hymn was, he answered Jesus Lover of My Soul~ and recited it. Asked for his favorite prose, he called the members to stand and repeated The Lord's Prayer. In 1925 Booth was elected to the American Hall of Fame. d. June 3 7, 189.

was representative of Canada on Council of League of Nations. James B. Boren President of Mid.. western University, Wichita Falls, Texas. b. Nov. 16, 1905 at Ennis, Tex. Served as a public school superintend.. ent from 1931-39, organizing and establishing Mangum (Okla.) Junior College in 1937, serving as president until 1939. From 1939-42 he was president of Southwestern Institute of Technology at WeatherÂŁord, Okla., and since 1939 has been president of Midwestern University (Hardin College) . Mason. Gutzon Borglum (J000 Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum) (1871-1941)

John L. Booth Broadcasting and newspaper executive. b. June 13, 1907 at Detroit, Mich. Founder, president and owner of Booth Radio & TV Stations, Inc., which includes WJLB, Detroit; WBBC, Flint; WSGW, Saginaw; WBKZ-TV, Kalamazoo-Battle Creek; WSBM-TV, Flint-Saginaw-Bay CityMidland, since 1939. As director of Booth Newspapers, Inc., he is owner and operator of the Grand Rapids

Sculptor and painter, best known for the gigantic Mt. Rushmore national memorial in the Black Hills of S.D. b. March 25, 1871 in Idaho and educated in public schools of Nebraska. Studied art in San Francisco and Paris. M.A. from Princeton Univ. and L.L.D., Oglethorpe Univ. Painted, studied and traveled in Spain, Europe, Englan d until 1901 w h en h e I settd e in New York. Among hi's many marbles and bronzes are Sheridan Eques.. trian, Washington, D.C. and Chicago, TIL; colossal marble head of Lincoln in rotunda of Capitol in Washington; bronze group, Mares of Diomedes in Metropolitan Museum; Lincoln, New.. ark, N.J.; Trudeau memorial, Saranac Lake; Trail Drivers Memorial, Texas. He designed and began carving the Confederate Memorial on the face of


Henry V. Borst Stone Mountain, Ga.,路 but a controversy arose with the association and he destroyed all plans and models. Borglum designed the Confederate half-dollar. His greatest work, however, is the Black Hills carving which he designed and officially started on August 10, 1927, when President Coolidge dedicated it. He lived to see the fourth head unveiled in 1939, but not to complete the work-which was done by his son, Lincoln q.'V. in 1941. Borglum was an active Mason, being raised in Howard Lodge No. 35, New York City on June 10, 1904, and serving as its master in 1910-11. In 1915 he was appointed grand representative of the Grand Lodge of Denmark near the Grand Lodge of New York. He received his Scottish Rite Degrees in the New York City Consistory on Oct. 25, 1907, but was suspended in 1921. His lodge possesses the gavel used by him in the form of a bronze lion's paw, holding a stone from Solomon's Temple. He executed the bust of Edward M. L. Ehlers, who was grand secretary of the Grand Lodge of New York, that is now in the grand lodge library. His memorial "Silence" is in the Soldiers' and Sailors' Memorial Hospital at the Masonic Home in Utica, N.Y. The cornerstone of his studio on the hills above Stamford, Conn. was laid with Masonic ceremonies by the grand master of New York under special dispensation 拢rom Connecticut. d. March 6, 1941.

Lincoln Borglum Sculptor. b. April 9, 1912 at Stamford, Conn., son of Gutzon Borglum q.v. the famous sculpture under his father for 12 years and also in Europe. With the National Memorial, Black Hills, S.D. since 1932. He was in charge of measurements and enlarging models from 1934-38 and superintendent of the memorial since 1938. Following the death of his father in 1941, he was assigned to complete the memorial. Lincoln was raised in Battle River

Lodge No. 92 of Hermosa, South Dakota.

Ernest Borgnine Stage and screen actor, who in 1956 won an "Oscar" and more honors than any other actor for a single performance (in Marty). Served ten years in u.s. Navy during WW2 and studied acting under the GI bill. Started on legitimate stage with Barter theater in Virginia and later to New York. With Shakespearean group that gave eleven performances of Hamlet at Kronburg castle, Elsinore and then entertained soldiers in Europe. Back in America he was with a road show, playing the lead in Born Yesterday, winding up on Broadway in Mrs. McThing with Helen Hayes. Turning to TV he took the part of Captain Video and did some 200 radio and TV shows. The Mo,b brought him to Hollywood where he made From Here To Eternity and Marty. Borgnine is a member of Abingdon Lodge No. 48, Abingdon, Va. Solon Borland (1-1864) U.S. Senator from Arkansas, Confederate brigadier general, minister to Nicaragua. Studied medicine and settled in Little Rock, Ark. Served in Mexican War and taken prisoner. Returning to Arkansas, he was appointed to fill Senator Sevier's unexpired term, 194853. Appointed minister to Nicaragua in 1853, serving until 1854. On his return he declined the governorship of New Mexico offered by President Pierce. Entered Civil War early and rose to rank of brigadier general in Confederate service. d. Jan. 31, 1864. Henry V. Borst (1857-1925) Justice of Supreme Court of New York. b. July 6, 1857 at Cobleskill, N.Y. Graduate of Cornell Univ. and Albany (N.Y.) Law School. Admitted to New York bar in 1877 and became justice of Supreme Court of New York, 4th Dist., 1913, serving until his death Nov. 26, 1925. Mason.


Joseph Boruwlaski Joseph Boruwlaski Celebrated dwarf of the 18th century known as "Count Borulaski" who was made a Mason at Warsaw, Poland and raised to the 3rd degree in the City of Chester, England (Feather's Lodge) on Nov. 15, 1783. English records show that he visited many Masonic lodges. Frederick W. Boschen (1876-1942) Major General, U.S. Army. b. May 9, 1876 at Brooklyn, N.Y. Entered army as a private in 1898 and advanced through grades to major general in 1936. Served in Spanish American War and in WWl. Was chief of finances, u.s. Army from 1936 until retired. Mason. d. April 1, 1942. Sir Alexander Boswell (1775-1822) Antiquarian and poet. Son of James Boswell q.?). the famous biographer of Dr. Johnson. He issued reprints of old poem's from his private press and was a Conservative M.P. from 181821. He was ex-officio provincial grand master of Ayrshire and master of Canongate-Kilwinning Lodge No. 2 in Edinburgh when he was killed in a duel in 1822. Elmer E. Boswell Hotel executive. b. Feb. 2, 1891 at Canton, TIL Started as bell boy with Sheraton Hotel Corp. and rose to vice president in charge of all hotel operations and general manager since 1943. Director since 1952. Mason and Shriner. James Boswell (1740-1795) Biographer of Dr. Samuel Johnson q.v. A Scottish lawyer who was acquainted with the literary greats of his age such as Voltaire, Rousseau and Wilkes. He met Dr. Johnson in London in 1763, visiting him frequently between 1772 and 1784 and touring the Hebrides with him in 1773. He took voluminous notes of Johnson's conversations. In 1782 he succeeded to his father's estate and was called to the English bar in 1786. He was raised in Canongate-Kilwinning

Lodge, Edinburgh, on Oct. 14, 1759 and was master of the lodge in 1773.. 75 and deputy grand master of the Grand Lodge of Scotland from 177678. In Feb. 1777 he was made an hon.. orary member of Lodge of Edinburgh No.1. d. May 19, 1795. His son Alexander q.v. was active in Freemasonry as well as his uncle, John, q.v. Jolm Boswell One of the earliest known speculative Freemasons and ancestor of James Boswell q.v. the famous biographer of Samuel Johnson. Known as the Laird of Auchinleck (laird meaning property holder), he was present at a meeting of the Lodge of Edinburgh on June 8, 1600, and like his operative brethren, attested to the minutes by his mark. John Boswell, M.D. Uncle of biographer James Boswell q.v. who was Censor of the Royal College of Physicians in Edinburgh. He was senior grand warden of the Grand Lodge of Scotland in 1753-54. Giovanni Bottesini (1821-1889) Italian musician and composer reputed to be the world's greatest contrabassist. He was director of the Conservatory at Parma. Among his compositions are the opera Cristofaro Colombo (1887), symphonies, and overtures. He was initiated June 20, 1849 in the Bank of England Lodge No. 263, London, England. Karl August Bottiger (1760-1835) Famous German archaeologist and scholar. Initiated in the Lodge of the Golden Apple, Dresden, on November 8, 1781.

C. A. Bottolfsen Governor of IdahOe b. Oct. 10, 1891 at Superior, Wis. Began as a printer in Fessenden, N. Dak. and became publisher and owner of the Arco Advertiser in 1910. Elected governor of Idaho in 1939, serving 路two terms until 1945. Was member of the Idaho legislature four


Thomas E. Bourke terms and speaker of the house in 1931. Served in WWl as corporal in the army. A member of Areo Lodge No. 48, Arco, Idaho and a past district deputy grand master. Knight Templar and Shriner..

writer. Elected secretary of the Arkansas secession convention in 1861 and helped General Standwaite raise an Indian regiment. In 1863 he was elected delegate for Indian Territory to the Confederate Congress. Spent his later years in Washington working for his Cherokee nation. He was an advocate of education for the Indian, the breaking up of tribal relations and of allotting the lands in severalty. It is believed that Albert Pike conferred the 32째 on him in 1886. He died Sept.. 27, 1890 and was buried with Masonic honors by Belle Point Lodge No. 20 of Fort Smith, Ark.

Raymond V. Bottomly Justice, Supreme Court of Montana. b.. July 16,

1885 at Cederville, Kans. Admitted to bar in 1915. Was assistant attorney general of Montana for several years and attorney general from 1942-49. Elected justice of Supreme Court terms 1949-55 and 1955-61. Raised in Gaylord Lodge No. 183, Gaylord, Kansas in 1906 and demitted to become a charter member of Harlam. Lodge No. 108, Harlam, Mont. 32째 AASR (SJ) at Great Falls, Mont.. Member of Algeria Shrine Temple, Helena, Mont. Francis E. Bouck (1873-1941)


Justice Supreme Court of Colorado..

b. Nov. 25, 1873 at New York City. Admitted to Colo. bar in 1896 and practiced at Leadville. Elected justice of Supreme Court of Colorado for term 1933-43 and served as chief justice from 1941 until death on Nov. 24, 1941. Mason. Thomas Boude The brick mason for Independence Hall in Philadelphia, which after two centuries is still sound. He was the first secretary of St. John's Lodge in Philadelphia

which laid the cornerstone of the hall with Benjamin Franklin as grand

master. Boude later became deputy grand master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.

Louis de Bourbon-Conde (Cornte de Clermont) (1709-1771) Elected Grand Master of France Dec. 2, 1743. He made many improvements in Freemasonry during his early years, but in the latter part of his life he delegated the work to others and on his death in 1771 left the craft weaker than when he first took over. It was during his grandmastership that the name was changed from the "English Grand Lodge of France" to the Grand Lodge of France. Duchess of Bourbon First grand mistress of the French adoptive Freemasonry. Installed on March 25, 1775 in a fete d' adoptiCYn given by the Lodge of Candour under the constitution of the Grand Orient of France. The Duke of Chartres q.v. presided in his capacity as grandmaster of the Grand Orient. Other female members of note were the Duchess of Chartres, Princess Lambelle, Countess Polignac, Countess Choiseul-Gouffier and the Marchioness of Coutebonne q.v.

Elias C. Boudinot (1835-1890) Indian chief and one of the most noted characters of Indian Territory. b. Aug. Thomas E. Bourke Major General, 1, 1835 in Cherokee nation near Rome, U.S. Marine Corps. b. May 5, 1896 at Ga. Orphaned when young, he was Saverna Park, Md. Commissioned in raised by relatives. Settled in Fay.. 1917 and advanced through grades etteville, Ark., studied law and ad.. to major general in 1945. Promoted mitted to bar in 1858, but soon turned to lieutenant general on retirement to journalism and became editorial . in 1946. Served in both World Wars


Augustus O. Bourn

John C. Bowen U.S. District Judge, western district of Washington. b. May 12, 1888 at Newbern, Tenn. De.. grees from Univ. of Tennessee and Harvard Law SchooL Practiced in Washington. Member of Columbia River Basin Committee which pro.. moted Grand Coulee Dam and as· sisted in letting the first construction contract. Was collector of internal revenue for Washington and Alaska 1933-34. U.S. district judge since 1934. Mason.

including Virgin Islands, Nicaragua, Pearl Harbor, Guadalcanal, Tarawa, Saipan and Leyte. Mason. Augustus O. Bourn Former governor of hade Island. He was raised May 18, 1860 in What Cheer Lodge No. 21, Providence, R. I. Clarence M. Boutelle

Author of

The' Man OJ Mount Moriah, a novel

with Masonic significance. Was raised in Rochester Lodge No.. 21, Rochester,

Minn. in 1885.

John Wesley Edward Bowen Meth.. odist bishop. b. Sept. 24, 1889 at Balti. more, Md. Ordained to ministry of Methodist church in 1917. Held pastor.. ates in Jackson, Miss., Shreveport and New Orleans, La.; dean of Walden College; fl.·eld agent for Board of Sun.. day Schools. Editor of the Central Chr'istian Advocate, 1944-48. Resident bishop of the Atlantic Coast Area, Methodist Church since 1948. Served in WWl as chaplain. Mason.

Warren E. Bow (1891-1945) President of Wayne University, Detroit, Mich. b. June 2, 1891 at Detroit. Received degrees from Univ. of nlinois, Univ. of Michigan and Battle Creek College. Teacher, principal and dean of schools. Superintendent of the Detroit Public Schools from 1942 and president of Wayne Univ. since 1942. Mason, Knight Templar, AASR and Shriner. d. May 12, 1945.

Sir Mackenzie Bowell (1823-1917) Prime Minister of Canada. b. at Rockinghall, England, he came to Canada in 1833. Represented North Hastings in P'arliament from 1867-96 and served as Minister of Customs 1878-91. In the cabinet of Sir John A. Macdonald q.'V. 1891-94 as Minister of Militia and later as Minister of Trade and Commerce. Served as Prime Minister £rom Dec. 21, 1894 to April 27, 1896, and thereafter for ten years was a member of the Senate and Conservative Party leader. He was knighted by Queen Victoria in 1895. While residing at Belleville, he was editor and publisher of the Belleville Intelligencer. He was raised in St. Lawrence Lodge No. 640 (English const. now No. 14 R.Q.) of Montreal in 1864. On Feb. 4, 1897 he affiliated with Eureka Lodge No. 283 (GL of Canada in Ont.) , at Belleville, and was later a charter member of· Moira Lodge No. 11 at Belleville.

CommoOliver Bowen (?-1800) dore of American Navy in the Revolutionary War. A revolutionary patriot of Augusta, Ga., who was successful in the early days of the war in seizing a large quantity of powder stored on Tybee Island, near Savannah, Ga., July 10, 1775. He joined the unsuccessful expedition against Wil· mington in 1778. He has been called the "First Admiral of the American Navy." A member of Solomon's Lodge No.1, Savannah, Ga., he was later suspended for visiting an illegal lodge at Sunbury, Ga.

Thomas Bartholomew Bowen (1741-1816) One of the founders of the Mother Supreme Council AASR (SJ) at Charleston, S.C. Born in Ireland, he emigrated to Pennsylvania and entered the Continental Army rising to rank of major with various Pennsylvania regiments, serving from April 6, 1776 to Jan. 1, 1781. He was


James Bowron

a member of the Society of the Cincinnati. He was raised in Lodge No. 2 at Philadelphia on June 28, 1784 and entered the Scottish Rite the following year. He demitted from his origina11odge May 8, 1785 upon moving to Charleston and was named first senior warden of a new lodge (No. 27) chartered by Pennsylvania. He was active in founding the Grand Lodge of South Carolina and in 1792 became its third grand master. As a printer, he published the South Carolina Weekly Messenger and Columbian Herald or Patriotic Courier of North America., and was also printer for the Supreme Council, AASR. Oden Bowie Fonner Governor of Maryland. Member of Centre Lodge No. 108, Baltimore, Md. and reported as such in the grand lodge proceedings of 1895. Henry L. Bowles (1866-1932) U.S. Congressman from 2nd Mass. district to 69th and 70th Congresses (192529). b. Jan. 6, 1866 at Athens, Vt. Began in lunch business with $1,000 borrowed capital in 1897 and extended business to ten cities in U.S. and Canada as Bowles Lunch, Inc. Mason. d. May 17, 1932.

John Bowles President, Rexall division of Rexall Drug Co. b. Nov. 16, 1916 at Monroe, N.C. Graduated from Univ. of N.C. in 1938 and began with Rexall Drug Co. in Los Angeles in 1949 as a stockroom clerk. Successively was field representative, district sales manager, regional sales manager and vice president. Director since 1955 and president of the Rexall division since 1955. Mason. William Augustus Bowles (176~ 1805) White man who became war chief of the Five Civilized Tribes. b. in Frederick Co., Md., the son of an

English schoolmaster. He ran away when 13 and joined the British army obtaining a commission, later desert...

ing at Pensacola, where he joined the Creek Indians and married an Indian woman. He led the Indian contingent at the surrender of Pensacola and was reinstated in the British Army for his service. He turned his Indians against the Spanish as well as the Americans to promote the British cause. On a trip to England, he was "admitted an honorary member" of Prince of Wales Lodge No. 259, London on Jan. 20, 1791. It is thought he was initiated at another place. He was made "Provincial grand master to the Creek, Cherokee, Chickasaw and Choctaw Indians" by the Grand Lodge of England. Twice captured by the Spaniards, he finally died prisoner in Morro Castle at Havana, Cuba, Dec. 23, 1805. Frank L. Bowman (1879-1936) Congressman from 2nd W. Va. district to 69th to 72nd Congresses (1925-33). b. Jan. 21, 1879 at Masontown, Pa. Practiced law at Morgantown, W. Va. in 1905 and served as postmaster and mayor of that city. Mason. d. Sept. 15, 1936. Grover C. Bowman President of Massachusetts State Teachers College since 1937. b. Dec. 15, 1884 at Covington, Ind. Degrees from Williams, Yale, Columbia, and Rhode Island College of Education. Taught school in 1906 and since has been associated with schools in supervisory and executive capacities. Mason. Robert J. Bowman President of Pere Marquette Railroad since 1942 and Chesapeake & Ohio since 1946. b. April 15, 1891 at Fostoria, Ohio.. Began as clerk in N.Y.C. & St. Louis R.R. in 1907. Mason. James Bowron (1844-1928) President of Gulf States Steel Co. b. Nov. 16, 1844 in. England and became u.s. citizen in 1885. Began in glass trade. Served as president of Gulf States Steel Co. 1913-21 and afterwards as


Sir Leslie Boyce

chairman of the board. He built the town of South Pittsburgh, Tenn. which was started by his father. Is credited with having brought Alabama to the front as an active factor in the production of steel. Mason. d. Aug. 25, 1928. Sir Leslie Boyce (1895-1955) Lord Mayor of London and corporation executive. b. July 9, 1895 at Taree, N.S.W. Educated at Oxford and called to the bar in 1922. Conservative member of Parliament from Gloucester, 1929-45; high sheriff of Gloucester, 1941-42; alderman, City of London since 1942 and lord mayor of London 1951-52. He is chairman and managing director of the Gloucester Railway Carriage & Wagon Co. and William Gardner & Sons, Ltd. Chairman and director of numerous other firms. Baroneted in 1952 and Knight Commander, O.B.E. He was senior grand warden of the Grand Lodge of England in 1948 and grand scribe N of the Grand Chapter of England in 1952. d. 1955. David R. Boyd (1853-1936) University president. b. July 31, 1853 at Coshocton, Ohio. President of Univ. of Oklahoma, 1892-1908 and afterwards president emeritus. President of the Univ. of New Mexico 1912-19. Superintendent of Presbyterian Board of Home Missions, 1908-12. Mason. d. Nov. 17, 1936. James E. Boyd Fonner Governor of Nebraska. Member of Capitol Lodge No.3, Omaha, Nebr. Thomas Boyd (?-1779) A lieutenant in the Am.erican Revolution whose life was spared by Indian Chief Joseph Brant when the former gave a Masonic sign. Brant turned him over to either Colonel John Butler q.'V. or his son Captain Walter Butler who allowed the Senecas to torture and kill him when he refused to give information on the movements of General Sullivan's q.v. army. Boy~

was probably a member of Military Lodge No. 19 under warrant from the grand lodge of Pennsylvania (now Montgomery No. 19, Philadelphia). It was this lodge that gave his remains Masonic burial. William L. Boyden (1866-1939) Masonic librarian and author. b. Jan. 6, 1866 at Washington, D.C. Served as librarian for Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, Southern Jurisdiction for many years and wrote extensivelyon Masonic subjects. Raised in Osiris Lodge No. 26, Washington, D.C. in 1891. Was charter member, secretary and master of Albert Pike Lodge No. 36, Washington. d. Dec. 1, 1939. Jean Pierre Boyer (1776-1850) President of Haiti from 1818-43. 'b. Feb. 28, 1776 at Port au Prince. He was a free mulatto and first became known in the revolution of 1792, fighting first against the planters and then against the negros. He fled to France but returned to Haiti with Gen. Victor Leclere to fight for the restoration of the colony to France. Afterwards he joined Petion and Christophe in the revolution to establish a republic. He succeeded Petion in 1818 as president of the southern portion and after the death of Christophe in 1820, the entire island was brought under his presidency. His maladministration caused the revolution of 1843 and brought his fall. He emigrated to Ja.. maica and thence to France, dying in Paris on July 9, 1850. He was grand commander of the Supreme Council AASR of Haiti, 33 0 and "Protector of the Order." According to the Maga.. zine of American History (VoL 13, p. 259, 1885) he was a frequent visitor to Somerset Lodge No. 34, Norwich, Conn. Frank. W. Boykin Congressman from 1st Alabama district 74th to 84th Congresses (1935-56). b. Feb. 21, 1885 at Bladon Springs, Ala. Started


Theophilus Bradbury

own business manufacturing railroad crossties and now identified extensively with real estate, farming, livestock, timber, lumber and naval stores in southern Alabama with headquarters at Mobile. Mason, AASR member, Shriner and Eastern Star. Emerson R. Boyles Justice of Supreme Court of Michigan. b. June 29, 1881 in Eaton Co., Mich. Admitted to bar in 1903 and began practice in Charlotte, Mich. Served as probate judge, deputy attorney general of Michigan, member of Michigan Public Utilities Commission and legal advisor to the governor. Justice of the Supreme Court of Michigan since 1940. Mason and Knight Templar. James S. Boynton Fonner Governor of Georgia. Reported as a member of St. John's Lodge No. 45, Jackson, Ga. in the grand lodge proceedings of 1862.

six days (1876); navigated all important rivers of the continent, passed through canals of Venice and crossed the straits of Gibraltar; returned to the U.S. and floated :from Oil City, Pa. to the Gulf of Mexico-2,342 miles in 80 days. His longest voyage was in 1881 when he started at Cedar Creek, Mont. and ended at St. Louis, Mo., 3,580 miles. In 1880-81 he was a commander of the Peruvian torpedo service, captured by the Chilians and ordered executed, but escaped by sea. John Bracken Leader of Progressive Conservative Party of Canada and former premier of Manitoba. b. June 22, 1883 at Seeley's Bay, Ont. An agriculturist, he was professor of field husbandry at the Univ. of Saskatchewan, 1910...20 and president of Manitoba Agricultural College, Univ. of Manitoba, 1920.. 22. Member of Manioba legislature and premier of Manitoba 1922-42. Elected to Canadian House of Commons, 1945. Leader of the Progressive Conservative Party, 1942-48. Mason.

Paul Boynton (1848-1) Famous swimmer and adventurer. b. June 29, 1848 in Dublin, Ireland. Raised in Lodge of Friendship No. 206, London, Hugh H. Brackenridge (1748-1816) England on May 21, 1875. With Gen. Justice, Supreme Court of PennsylPedro. Martinez in revolution in So- vania from 1799-1816. b. near Campnora, Mexico, followed by life-saving belton, Scotland. Brought to United service on Atlantic coast where in States when five years old. Graduated years 1867-69 he saved 71 lives. He from Princeton in 1771 in same class then served in the Franco-Prussian as James Madison. Went to Philadelwar and afterwards to African dia- phia in 1776 and edited the United mond fields. In 1874 he made a spec- States Magazine. Served as a chaplain tacular leap from a ship off the coast in the Revolution. d. June 25, 1816. of Ireland in a: storm and by means Member of Lodge No. 45, Pittsburgh, of a rubberized, inflated suit he had Pa. invented, gained land 40 miles away. He gained world wide renown with Theophilus Bradbury (1739-1803) his suit, propelling himself feet for- Justice, Supreme Court of Massaward with a double-bladed paddle. chusetts. b. Nov. 13, 1739 in Newbury, Among his exploits were: crossed Mass. Graduated at Harvard in 1757 English channel in 24 hours (1875); and studied law while teaching at paddled Rhine 430 miles (1875); Al- Falmouth (now Portland) Maine. ton, ill. to St. Louis, Mo. on the Mis- Practiced law in Falmouth until 1779 sissippi (1876) and same year Bayou when he returned to Newbury, served Goula to New Orleans, 100 miles in in both houses of the state legislature 24 hours; 400 miles on the Danube in and twice elected to u.s. Congress, 121

Thomas Bradford but resigned in 1797 to accept appointment of judge on the Massachusetts Supreme Court. Mason and member of Newburyport Command.. ery K.T. d. Sept. 6, 1803. Thomas Bradford (1745-1838) Son of Col. William Bradford, known as the "patriot printer of 1776." b. May 4, 1745 at Philadelphia. He entered his father's printing office and became his partner and associate editor of the Pennsylvania Journal which he changed to the True American in 1801. It was printed in the same build.. ing occupied by his great-uncle, Andrew (8 Front St.) who published the American Weekly Mercury, the first newspaper in Philadelphia (1719) in which Benjamin Franklin q..v. first worked as a compositor. Thomas became captain of a military company in Philadelphia in 1775 and later was commissary-general of the Pennsylvania division of the Continental Army. After founding of federal government, he became printer to Congress. He was a member of Lodge No.2, Philadelphia as was his brother, William, Jr. q.v. d. May 7, 1838.

1906-23 and in 1923 was with Lord Beaverbrook on the London Express (Eng.) in advisory capacity. From 1924-26 he was general manager of Norristown Times-Herald (Pa.) and president and general manager of the Times-Star at Bridgeport, Conn. He was publisher of the News Press and Gazette at St. Joseph from 1939 and president from 1950. He has recently turned the active managership over to his son, David. He is a member of Sanford L. Collins Lodge No. 396 of Toledo, Ohio, and a KCCH in the St. Joseph (Mo.) Consistory AASR (8J). Joseph S. Bradley Major General, U.S. Army. b. June 9, 1900 at Vancouver, Wash. Graduate of U.S. Military Academy, 1919 and advanced through grades to major general in 1944. Served with American occupation :forces following WWl and with infantry regiments in U.S., China and Philippines. With 32nd Division in S.W. Pacific in 1942. Now chief of training group, War Department General Staff, G-2. Mason.

Omar N. Bradley General of the Army (5-star). b. Feb. 12, 1893 at William Bradford, Jr. (1755-1795) Clark, Mo. Graduated from West Son of Col. William Bradford who Point in 1915; Infantry School, 1925; was known as the "patriot printer of Command and General Staff School, 1776," and brother of Thomas q.1). b. 1929; and Army War College, 1934. Sept. 14, 1755 at Philadelphia. Gradu- He has since received honorary LL.B. ated from Princeton in 1772 and stud- and other degrees from 20 institutions ied law. Served in the Revolutionary of higher learning. Advanced from War as lieut. colonel. In 1780 was ap- 2nd lieut. in 1915 to brigadier general, pointed attorney general of Pennsyl- 1941; major general, 1942; lieut. genvania and justice of supreme court of eral, 1943; general, 1945 and general Pennsylvania in 1791. On Jan. 8, 1794 of the army, 1950. In WW2 he comhe succeeded Edmund Randolph q.'V. manded the 2nd Corps in the Northas the second attorney general of the ern Tunisian and Sicilian campaigns; United States and served until his the 1st U.S. Army in the Normandy death on Aug. 23, 1795. Member of campaign and the 12th Army Group in France, Belgium, Holland, LuxemLodge No.2, Philadelphia. bourg and Germany. He was chief Henry D. Bradley President of the of 'staff, U.S. Army 1948-49 and chairSt. Joseph N ews-Press-Gazette Corp. man U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1949b. Jan. 10, 1893 at 'Detroit, Mich. Was 53. In 1945-47 he was administrator of with the Toledo Blade (Ohio) from Veterans Affairs. Since 1953 he has 122

James H. Brady been chairman of the board of Bulova Research and Development Labs., Inc. He 'was raised in West Point Lodge No. 877, Highland Falls, N.Y. in 1923. Willis W. Bradley (1884-1954) Naval officer, governor of Guam, U.S. Congressman. b. June 28, 1884 at Ransomville, N.Y. Graduated U.S. Naval Academy, 1907. Commissioned in Navy, 1907 and advanced through grades to captain in 1933, retiring in 1946. Governor of Guam 1929-31. Member of Congress from 18th dist. of California 1947~49. Awarded Congressional Medal of Honor in WWl and Silver Medal from Pope Pius XI. Mason, 32째 AASR, Knight Templar and Shriner. Past national president of National Sojourners. d. Aug. 27, 1954.

Aaron Bradshaw Brigadier General, U.S. Army. b. July 1, 1894 at Washington, D.C. Graduated U.S. Military Academy, 1917 and commissioned, advancing through grades to brigadier general in 1943. Recipient of many decorations including Papal Lateran Cross. Editor of Coast Artillery Journal, 1936-40. Mason. De Emmett Bradsllaw Former president of Woodmen of the World Life Insurance Society and now chairman of the board. b. Jan. 5, 1869 in Izard Co., Ark. Practiced law since 1894, first in Arkansas and later in Nebraska. General attorney for Woodmen 1916-32 and president, 1932-43. Director of Omaha National Bank and Western Union Telegraph Co. Mason, 32째 AASR and Shriner.

John Bradstreet (1711-1774) British Major General of the French-Indian Wars. b. in Horbling, England. Sent to America as a young officer and remained here the rest of his life. Served in the expedition against Louisburg in 1745 as lieut. colonel of Pepperell's regiment. Made captain in 1745 and the following year appointed

lieutenant governor of St. John's, Newfoundland. Defeated a strong party of French between Oswego and Albany, N.Y. Participated in the attack on Ticonderoga in 1758 and was made quartermaster general with the rank of colonel. In Aug. 1758 he captured Fort Frontenac, which he razed to the ground and served under Amherst in his expedition against Crown Point and Ticonderoga in 1759. He was advanced to major general in 1772 and fought in Pontiac's war, negotiating a treaty of peace in Detroit in 1764. He was a member of the craft in Nova Scotia. d. Sept. 25, 1774 in New York City.

John M. Bradstreet American lawyer and businessman, who, in 1849 established Bradstreet's Improved Mercantile Agency, which in 1876 was called the Bradstreet Co. In 1933 it merged with the R. G. Dunn and Co. to form Dunn and Bradstreet, Inc., a firm furnishing financial data and credit ratings of American businesses and businessmen. Member of St. John's Lodge No.1, New York City. Hugh Brady (1768-1851) Major General in War of 1812. b. in Northumberland Co., Pa. Joined the army as an ensign in March, 1792 and served in the western expedition under General Wayne. In War of 1812 he led the 22nd Infantry in Battle of Chippewa and distinguished himself in battles of Lundy's Lane and Niagara. Made brigadier general in 1822 and major general in 1848. Initiated June 9, 1797 in Lodge No. 22, Sunbury, Pa. and withdrew Jan. 15, 1805. d. April 15, 1851. James H. Brady (1862-1918) U.S. Senator from Idaho. b. June 12, 1862 in Indiana Co., Pa. Moved to Idaho in 1894 and became governor of the state from 1909-11. Elected U.S. Senator in Jan. 1913 for term 1913-15 and again in 1914. Mason. d. Jan. 13, 1918.


James T. Brady

Tb'omas E. Bramlette (1817-1875) Governor of Kentucky. b. Jan. 3, 1817 in Cumberland Co., Ky.. Admitted to bar in 1837 he was judge of the sixth district in 1856 but resigned in 1861 to raise the 3rd Kentucky Infantry, and became its colonel. He was elected governor of Kentucky as a Union man in 1863 and by re-election until 1867. He was past master of Albany Lodge No. 260, Albany, Ky. and a Knight Templar. d. Jan. 12, 1875.

James T. Brady (1815-1869) Famous criminal lawyer. b. April 9, 1815 in New York City. Admitted to the bar in 1836. It was said that he never lost a case in which he was before the jury for more than a week. At one time he successfully defended four clients charged with murder in a single week, and all without fee or reward. Made a Mason at sight by the grand master of New York in .1866 in Ivanhoe Lodge No. 610. d. Feb. 9, 1869.

Cardinal Brancafarte Casanova, in his Memoirs wrote of him: "The first day. of the year, 1772, I presented myself to the Cardinal Brancafarte, Leg.. ate of the Pope, whom I had known at Paris 20 years previously when he was sent by Benoit (Benedict XIV) to carry the blessed linen clothes to the new-born Duke de Bourgoyne. We had been together in a Lodge of Freemason's for the members of the Sacred College who thundered against the Freemasons and knew well that their anathemas impressed only the weak, whom a too lively light might dazzle."

David L. Brainard (1856.. 1946) Arctic explorer and brigadier general, U.S. Army. b. Dec. 21, 1856 in Norway, N.Y. Entered army as a private in 1876 and rose to brig. general in 1918. Served in Sioux, Nez Perce and Bannock campaigns (1877-78) . Detailed for duty with Howgate Arctic exploring expedition in 1880. He was with Lady Franklin Bay Arctic expedition under Lt. Greely from 188184 and was one of the seven survivors rescued by Comdr. W. S. Schley. On May 13, 1882, he with two others reached the most northerly point attained up to that time (83掳, 24', 30"). Received many awards and decorations for his services in the Arctic. Member of Marathon Lodge No. 438, Marathon, N.Y. in 1885. d. March 22, 1946.

John Branch (1782-1863)


of the Navy, Governor of North Caro-

William G. Bramham (1874-1947) Baseball executive. b. July 13, 1874 at Hopkinsville, Ky. Admitted to N.C. bar in 1905 and practiced at Durham. President and treasurer of the National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues, 1933-46 and from 1946 until death, consultant to the president of the National Association. He also served as president of the following professional baseball clubs: South Atlantic, Piedmont League, Eastern Carolina League, Virginia League. Mason and Shriner. d. July 8, 1947.

lina, Governor of Territory of Florida, U.S. Senator. b. Nov. 4, 1782 at Halifax, N.C. Studied law and became judge of the superior court and was state senator from 1811-17, 1822, 1834. Elected governor in 1817 and was U.S. Senator from 1823-29, resigning when appointed Secretary of the Navy by Pres. Jackson. In 1844.. 5 he was governor of the territory of Florida, serving until the election of a governor under the state constitution. Member of Royal White Hart Lodge No.2, Halifax, N.C. d. Jan. 4, 1863. James T. Brand Justice, Supreme Court of Oregon. b. Oct. 9, 1886 at Oberlin, Ohio. Degrees from Oberlin College, Harvard and Wi11amette Univ. Began路 private law practice in


John Brant 1914 after three years as a forest ranger. Served as circuit judge 192741 and since that time has been associate justice of the Supreme Court of Oregon and chief justice in 195152. He was appointed judge of the military tribunal for trial of major war criminals at Nurnberg, Germany in 1947. Mason. William A. Brandenburg (18691940) President of Kansas State Teachers College, 1913-40. b. Oct. 10, 1869 at Clayton Co., Iowa. Teacher and school superintendent in Iowa, Oklahoma and Kansas. Mason. d. Oct. 29, 1940. Rodney H. Brandon Organizer of Loyal Order of the Moose. b. Sept. 21, 1881 .at Monroe Co., Ind. One of the founders of the Loyal Order of the Moose in 1906 and路 an official in it until 1929. In 1913 he supervised the construction of Mooseheart and established Moosehaven, Fla. in 1922. Organizer of the Progressive Party in Indiana in 1912, moving to illinois in 1913 where he was delegate to state constitutional convention in 1919. From 1929-33 he was director of Department of Public Welfareof ill. In 1926 he was special investigator for U.S. of child welfare conditions in Europe. Lecturer in criminology, social hygiene and medical jurisprudence, Univ. of illinois since 1933. Mason.

William W. Brandon (1868-1934) Governor of Alabama. b. June 5, 1868 at Talladega, Ala. Admitted to bar in 1892 and practiced at Tuscaloosa. Became successively a member of state house of representatives, clerk of Alabama constitutional convention, state auditor and probate judge. Served as governor from 1923-27. A major in Spanish American War, he was brigadier general and adjutant general of the Alabama national guard from 1898-1907. d.Dec. 7, 1934. Mem-

ber of Rising Virtue Lodge No. 4 at Tuscaloosa. Samuel Brannan (1819-1889) Mormon .pioneer of California. b. in Saco, Me., he was an editor and printer and elder in the Mormon church, editing Mormon journals. He was leader of the Mormon colony that arrived in San Francisco in J u1y, 1846 on the ship Brooklyn from New York. The discovery of gold in 1848 led to the dissolution of the Mormon community in California and a little later to Brannan's apostasy from the'Mormon church, an event that followed a quarrel with Brigham Young and other Utah leaders. Brannan was practically first in everything in the San Francisco area. He preached the first Protestant sermon in California and solemnized the first Protestant marriage in the state. He was the subject of the first jury trial and organized the first newspaper, The Califorrnia. Star in San Francisco (2nd in the state). He brought the first gold from Coloma and thereby started the first stampede from that village to the new diggings on the American River. He was the first to offer a resolution to exclude slavery from California. He was California's first millionaire, built the first flour mill in San Francisco and was a member of California Lodge No. 1, of San Francisco.

MelvinA. Brannon (1865-1950) College president and biologist. b. Sept. 11, 1865 at Lowell, Ind. Taught science and biology 1890-1914. Organ.. ized School of Medicine, Univ. of North Dakota in 1905. President of Univ. of Idaho 1914-17 and Beloit College 1917-23. Chancellor University of Montana 1923-33. Mason. d. March 26, 1950. John Brant (1794-1832) Indian chief of the Mohawks and son of the more famous Joseph Brant q.v. His Indian name was AhyotUwaighs. b.


Joseph Brant Sept. 27, 1794 at Mohawk Village, Upper Canada. Served the British with distinction in the War of 1812. Visited England in 1821 in effort to settle differences between the Mohawks and the government of Upper Canada and correspondence shows that he was also commissioned by the grand lodge at Niagara to place the state of the Craft before the English lVlasonic authorities. He succeeded his rather, the noted Joseph, as principal chief of the Six Nations in 1807. He died in Sept. 1832 of Asiatic cholera, having been elected to the parliament of Upper Canada only shortly before. It is supposed that he was initiated about 1815 in Union Lodge No. 24 which first met in Flamborough Village and afterwards at Dundas and Ancaster. He received his second degree on May 10,1818. On Nov. 7, 1818 he was acting secretary of the lodge and was elected junior warden on Dec. 27, 1819. Joseph Brant (1742-1807) Mohawk Indian chief and later principal chief of the Six Nations. He was the first Indian-Freemason of which there is record and the most famous Indian of the Revolutionary period. b. on the banks of the Ohio river in 1742. Sir William Johnson g.v. became interested in him and educated him in Eleazar Wheelock's school. Johnson also was the common-law husband of Brant's sister, Molly. In 1771 Brant became chief sachem of the Six Nations at the age of 29. He fought with Johnson in Battle of Lake George (1755); Niagara campaign (1759) and Pontiac's War (1763). He became secretary to Guy Johnson q.'V., superintendent of Indian affairs and nephew of Sir William, in 1774. Sent to England in 1775 where he was made a Freemason in Hiram's Cliftonian Lodge No. 417, London, early in 1776. Returning to America, he participated as a colonel in the Cherry Valley massacre (1778); Minisink, Fort Stanwix

and Oriskany (1779). At the war's end in 1783, he settled with his Mohawks on a six square mile grant on the Grand River in Ontario (Upper Canada). During the war Brant was credited with saving the lives of several Freemasons who appealed to him Masonically. They were: Col. John McKinstry (May 20, 1776); Lt. John.. athan Maynard (May 30, 1778); Major John Wood (July 19, 1779); Lt. Thomas Boyd (Sept. 13, 1779) who was later killed by the whites ( q.v. each of the above names). In 1785 Brant again visited England in connection with a land grant and in 1796 was present at the first meeting of Barton Lodge No. 10, being listed as a member. In 1798 a charter was issued to Lodge No. 11, Brant£ord, Mohawk Village and named Joseph Brant as first master. He died Nov. 24, 1807 at the Brant mansion in Wellington .Square, Onto and his son John (Ahyouwaighs) was named principal chief as his successor q.v.

Charles W. Brashares Methodist Bishop. b. March 31, 1891 at Williamsport, Ohio. Attended Ohio Wesleyan, Boston Univ., Harvard and Cornell, receiving degrees o£ A.B., D.D., LL.D. Ordained Methodist Episc'opal church in 1917 and served as pastor in Mass., Maine, Ohio, and Mich. from 1917-44. Bishop of Des Moines area from 194452 and bishop of Chicago area since 1952. Mason. Raised in Harmony Lodge No. 38, Gorham, Me. about 1918 and received AASR degrees in Dayton, Ohio. Demitted. Alva J. Brasted Chief of chaplains, U.S. Army. b. July 5, 1876 at Findley Lake, N.Y. Ordained to Baptist ministry in 1905 and held pastorates in N. Dak., Minn., and Iowa until 1913 when commissioned chaplain in U.S. Army, rising to rank o£ colonel and chief of chaplains 1933-47. Now retired. Raised in Wauconda Lodge No. 298, Wauconda, .lli. ~nd presently


John Cabell Breckinridge member of Sojourners Lodge No. 51, Washington, D.C. 32掳 AASR (SJ) in Fargo, N. Dak. in 1916.

Sam G. Bratton U.S. Senator from New Mexico and federal judge. b. Aug. 19, 1888 at Kosse, Texas. Educated in public schools and admitted to Texas bar in 1909, moving to Clovis, N. Mex. in 1915. Judge of the district court, 5th judicial dist. of N. Mex. 1919-22; associate justice supreme court of New Mex. 1923-24; U.S. Senator from N. Mex. 1925-33. Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals, 10th circuit since 1933. Member of Clovis Lodge No. 40, Clovis, New Mexico, 32 0 AASR (8J) in Valley of Santa Fe; Ballut Abyad Shrine Temple, Albuquerque, N.M. and Honorary Legion of Honor, Order of DeMolay.

Mason Brayman (1813-?) Major General in Civil War (Union). b. May 23,1813 in Buffalo, N. Y. Brought up as a farmer, but became a printer and edited the Buffalo (N. Y.) Bulletin, later studying law and taking up practice in Monroe, Mich. in 1838. In 1842 he opened a law office in Springfield, Ill. In 1845-46 he was special attorney to prosecute offenses growing out of the Mormon difficulties and negotiated a peace between the followers of Joseph Smith q.v. and their enemies at Nauvoo, Ill. Joined volunteer army in 1861 and was major in the 29th illinois regiment, being promoted to major general at the close of the war. After war he engaged in railroad enterprises, edited the ILlinoiS' State Journal and moved to Wisconsin in 1873 and in 1876 was appointed as governor of the Territory of Idaho for four years, later returning to Wisconsin and practicing law at Ripon. Mason. David Brearley (1745-1790) Revolutionary soldier, member of Constitutional Convention, chief justice of New Jersey and first grand master of

New Jersey. b. June 11, 1745 near Trenton, N.J. He practiced law in Allentown and took an early part in the controversy with England for which he was arrested for high treason but set free by a mob of his fellow citizens. He was a member of the first convention to frame a constitution prior to 1781, and was an officer in the Revolutionary War. Elected chief justice of New Jersey 路in 1779, he served until 1789, when he was appointed U.S. District judge. He was one of the compilers of the Protestant Episcopal prayer-book of 1785 and was first grand master of New J ersey, serving. from 1786 until his death on Aug. 10, 1790. Mason.

John Breathitt (1786-1834) Governor of Kentucky. b. Sept. 9, 1786 near New London, Va., he moved to Kentucky with his father in 1800 where he was a 'Surveyor, teacher, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1810. A Jacksonian Democrat, he served several years in the legislature and was lieut. governor of Kentucky in 1828-32 and governor in 1832-34. He was a member of Russellville Lodge No. 17 and Russellville Chapter No.8, R.A.M. Daniel Breck (1788-1871) Judge, Supreme Court of Kentucky and U.S. Congressman. b. Feb. 12, 1788 at Topsfield, Mass. Graduated at Dartmouth in 1812, studied law and began practice in Richmond, Ky. in 1814. He became judge of the Richmond County court, was a member of the Kentucky house of representatives from 1824-29 and a judge of the supreme court of Kentucky from 1834-49. He served in the 31st Congress from 1849-51. A past master of Richmond Lodge No. 25, he served as grand master of Kentucky in 1827.. 28. John Cabell Breckinridge (18211875) 14th Vice President of the United States, U.S. Senator, major


Robert Jefferson Breckinridge general in Confederate army and secretary of war of the Confederate states. b. Jan. 21, 1821 near Lexington, Ky. A grandson of John Breckinridge, U.S. Senator and attorney general. Educated at Centre College and Transylvania Institute, he resided in Burlington, Iowa for a short time before settling at Lexington, Ky. where he practiced law. While in Burlington he petitioned Des Moines Lodge No. 41 (now 1) on Feb. 7, 1842 and on Dec. 5, 1842 was elected senior warden of the lodge, and re-elect'ed on June 5, 1843. Served as a major in the war with Mexico in 1847, returning to Kentucky to be elected路 first to the house of representatives and then to the U.S. Congress in 1851 and again in 1853. Elected vice president of the u.s. in 1856, serving from 1857-1861. As a presidential candidate in 1860 he received 72 electoral votes. The same year he was elected u.s. Senator from Kentucky to succeed John J. Crittenden q.'D. At the beginning of the Civil War, he defended the south in the Senate and soon entered the Confederate service for which he was expelled from the senate on Dec. 4, 1861. On Aug. 5, 1862 he was made major general and for the next two years fought in. many battles. He was secretary of war in Jefferson Davis's cabinet from Jan. 1865 until the close of the conflict when he fled to Cuba and then to Europe. He returned to the states in 1868 determined to have no further part in politics. He became a member of Good Samaritan Lodge No. 174 at Lexington, Ky. by affiliation; was suspended in 1861 and reinstated on Nov. 16, 1871. He was a member of Temple Chapter No. 19, R.A.M., Webb Commandery No.2, K.T., both of Lexington and received the 33掳 AASR (8J) on March 28, 1860. d. May 17, 1875 at Lexington, Ky. and was buried with Knight Templar services.

Robert Jefferson Breckinridge (1800-1871) Clergyman, lawyer, au.. thor and principal author of the pub.. lie school system of Kentucky. h. March 8, 1800 at Cabell's Dell, Ky. Attended Princeton and practiced law for eight years, but in 1829 he de.. termined to enter the ministry and was licensed to preach in 1832. Held several Presbyterian pa'storates including Martimore and Lexington, Ky. Served four years in Kentucky legis.. lature. Edited several religious magazines and wrote a number of books. He was opposed to slavery even though his nephew John C. Breckin.. ridge q.v. was secretary of war in Jefferson Davis's cabinet. He presided over the national Republican convention in 1864 which renominated Lincoln. His nephew, John C., was Lincoln's closest contender in the previ.. ous election. Member of Lexington Lodge No. 1 and Lexington Chapter No. 1 of Lexington, Ky. d. Dec. 27, 1871. William C. P. Breckinridge (1837Member U.S. Congress (1884.. 95) from 7th Kentucky district. First cousin of John C. Breckinridge q.'I). vice-president of the United States. b. Aug. 28~ 1837 at Baltimore, Md. son of Robert J. Breckinridge q.'I). Although his father was opposed to slavery, William entered the Confederate army as a captain in 1861 and became colonel of the 9th Kentucky cavalry and commanded the brigade when it surrendered. Became profes.. sor of equity jurisprudence in Cumberland Univ., Tenn. A member of Lexington Lodge No.1, Ky., he delivered the oration at the cornerstone laying of the Masonic Temple in Richmond, Virginia in 1888. 1904)

Ernest R. Breech Chainnan of the board of Ford Motor Company. b. Lehanon, Mo. Feb. 24, 1897. Began as an accountant with Fairbanks, Morse & Co. in 1917. Assistant treas-


Sereno E. Brett urer of General Motors Corp., 192933 and vice president, 1933-42; chairman of board of North American Aviation 1933-42; president of Bendix Aviation Corp., 1942-47. Executive vice president and director of Ford Motor Co. from 1946-1955 and chairman of the board since. Holds directorates of several large corporations. Raised in Austin Lodge No. 850, Chicago, ill. in 1924. AASR (NJ) at Detroit and sovereign grand inspector general, 33 since Sept. 1956. 0


R. E. Breed (1866-1926) Organizer and president of American Gas & Electric Co. b. March 17, 1866 at Pittsburgh, Pat Director of many corporations. Mason.d. Oct. 14, 1926.

Robert G. Breene Major general, U.S. Anny. b. Sept. 17, 1894 at Dayton, Ohio. Graduated with B.S. in M.E. from Purdue Univ. in 1917. Commissioned in 1917 and advanced through grades to major general in 1943. Mason. Edmund Breese (1871-1936) Actor. b. June 18, 1871 at Brooklyn, N.Y. On the legitimate stage from 1896. Played lead roles in Neil Gwynn, Marie Stuart and Fro'lL Frau. With James O'Neil in Merchant of Venice (1898); all star cast of Monte Cristo (1899), Romeo and Juliet (1899), Ransom's Folly' (1904), Strongheart (1905). Originated "John Burkett Ryder" in The Lion and the Mouse which he played in New York and London. Later played "Richard Brewster" in The Third Degree. Star of The Earth in 1909. Member of St. John's Lodge No.6, 'Norwalk, Conn. d. April 6, 1936.

state attorney, U.S.' attorney, circuit judge and in 1841 elected to the supreme court of that state. From 184349 he was U.S. Senator from Illinois. In 1857 he was again elected to the supreme court and in 1873 became chief justice, holding that position until his death. Served in the Black Hawk War; a regent of the Smithsonian Institution; one of the organizers of the nlinois Central Railroad. He was' a member and past rna'ster of Scott Lodge No. 79, Carlyle, Ill. d. June 27, 1878.

Walter E. Brehm U.S. Congress... man from 11th Ohio district 78th to 81st Congresses (1943-51). b. May 25, 1892 at Somerset, Ohio. Practiced dentistry at Logan, Ohio 1917-42. Served in Ohio legislature two terms. Initiated in Somerset Lodge No. 76 in 1915 and presently memher of Mingo Lodge No. 171, Logan, Ohio. Exalted in Somerset Chapter No. 61, R.A.M. presently member of Logan Chapter No. 75. Took his council and commandery work at New Lexington, Ohio and presently member of those bodies at Logan. Member of Consistory (32째) AASR (NJ) at Columbus and Aladdin Shrine at Columbus. Has served as master of his lodge, high priest of chapter, commander of commandery and also sec, retary of lodge.

Sereno E. Brett (1891-1952) Brigadier General, U.S. Army. b. Oct. 31, 1891 at Portland, Oreg. Commissioned in 1916 and rose to brigadier general in 1942. A pioneer in tank warfare, he organized and commanded the 327th B,attalion Tank Corps in June 1918, and as a major led the first Sidney Breese (1800-1878) U.S. American tank attack with the 326th Senator ,from Illinois and chief jus- battalion at St. Mihiel, Sept. 12-15, tice,Supreme Court of illinois. b. 1918. Commanded 1st American Tank July 15, 1800 at Whitesboro, N.Y. Brigade throughout Meuse-Argonne. Moved to Illinois in 1821 where he He was chief of staff of the Armored became assistant secretary of state Force in 1940-41 and commanded the the following year and advanced to Fifth Armored Division from 1942 129

Basil Brewer Member of Penobscot Lodge No. 39, Dexter, Maine, as was his father and grandfather, before him; St. John's Chapter No. 25, R.A.M. and DeMolay Commandery, K.T. both of Dexter. 32° AASR (NJ) and member of Anah Shrine Temple, Bangor, Maine. When Harry S. Truman, a fellow-senator, was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Missouri, Brewster spoke at the grand lodge session at Truman's request.

until retirement Oct. 31, 1943. Member of Hancock Lodge No. 311, Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, Hawaiian Chapter No.9 of National "Sojourners and Lafayette Chapter No.. 7, Heroes of '76 at Baltimore. d. Sept. 9, 1952. Basil Brewer Newspaper and radio executive. b. July 22, 1884 at Rush Hill, Mo. With Scripps-Howard papers from 1908-21 in Cincinnati, Cleveland and Omaha, Nebr. Now publisher and controlling owner of New Bedford (Mass.) Standard-Tim,es and Cape Cod Standard-Times, Hyannis, Mass. and radio stations WNBH, WFMR and WOCB in Mass.. Mason..

Charles R. Brice Chief Justice, Supreme Court of New Mexico. b. Aug. 6, 1870 at Terrell, Texas. Admitted to Texas bar in 1893, moving to Carlsbad, N. Mex. in 1903. Served as justice of the supreme court of New Mexico from 1935 to 1951, being chief justice in 1941-42, 1947-51. Returned to private practice in Roswell, 1951. Mason and 32° AASR.

Earl LeRoy Brewer (1869-1942) Governor of Mississippi. b. Aug.. 11, 1869 in Carroll Co., Miss. Received LL.B. from Univ. of Mississippi in 1892 and practiced law at Water Valley, Miss. 1882-1901. Member ofMlssissippi state senate 1895-99 and governor of the state from lH12-16. Maon. d. March 10, 1942.

Jean Joseph Brice English strong man. Member of St. James Union Lodge No,. 177, London on Dec. 12, 1866.

Few Brewster Justice, Supreme Court of Texas. b. May 10, 18SH at Corn Hill, Texas. Graduate of Howard Payne College (Texas) and Univ. of Texas. Admitted to bar in 1915 and held offices of county attorney, district attorney, district judge and judge of court of appeals. Has been associate justice of the supreme court of Texas since 1945. Served as 2nd lieutenant of In£antry in WW1. Raised in Killeen, Texas in 1910. Owen Brewster Governor of Maine and U.S. Senator. b. Feb. 22, 1888 at Dexter, Me. Gr:aduated from Bowdoin College, Harvard and Dniv. of Maine. Member of the Maine house of representatives, 1917-19, 1921-23 and of the state senate in 1923-25. He served· two terms as governor of Maine, 1925-29- and was a member of the 74th to 76th Congresses from Maine 8rd district (1935-41). Elected U.S.' Senator, serving from 1941-53.

John W. Bricker Governor and U.S. Senator from Ohio. b. Sept. 6, 1893 in Madison. Co., Ohio. A.B. and LL.B,. from Ohio State Univ. Admitted to bar in 1917 and became assistant attorney general of Ohio in 1923, serving until 1927.. B,ecame attorney general in 1933 serving until 1937. Elected governor of Ohio in 1939 and re-elected two· more terms until 1945. In 1944 he was the Republican candidate for vice president of the United States. Was elected to the U.S. Senate from Ohio in Nov. 1945 and has served continuously since that time. An active Mason, Bricker is a member of Mt. Sterling Lodge No. 269, Mt. Vernon, Ohio, Community Chapter No. 227, R.A.M., Columbus Council No.8, R. & S.M., Mt. Vernon Conunandery No.. 1, Scioto Consistory (AASR-NJ), receiving honorary 33° in 1942, and Aladdin Temple AAONMS.


Eugene S. Briggs

Mead L. Bricker Banker ,and former vice president of Ford Motor Co. b. April 24, 1885 at Youngstown, Ohio. Began as a machinist in 1904 and became vice president and director of manufacturing of Ford Motor Co., resigning to become director of City Bank of Detroit and director of several corporations. Raised in Friendship Lodge No. 417, Detroit, Mich. in May, 1914 and is life member of the lodge. Is president of the Detroit Masonic Temple Building Fund and member of Grand Lodge of Michigan foreign relations committee. Member of King Cyrus Chapter No. 133, R.A.M. of Detroit and 33掳 AASR (NJ) , Detroit; Moslem Shrine Temple; St. Clement Conclave No. 39, Red Cross of Constantine and The Royal Order of Scotland.

Lucas q.v., the first territorial governor, being among them. The confused records of Nebraska Lodge路 No. 1, Bellevue, Nebr. which was organized in 1854, gives him as a charter member in one official account issued by the Grand Lodge of Illinois (from whence the charter came) and in another his name does not appear. At this time Briggs was at a hamlet on the Missouri River called St. Mary's not far south of where Omaha now stands and opposite the town of Bellevue in the Territory of Nebraska.

Styles Bridges Governor of New Hampshire and U.S. Senator. b. Sept. 9, 1898 at West Pembroke, Me. Graduate of Univ. of Maine and Dartmouth with LL.D. degrees from several universities. Began as instructor in Sandhurst Academy, Ashfield, Mass. 1918, later county agent and extension specialist for Univ. of New Hampshire. Later of Granite Monthly magazine and director of New Hamp,shire Investment Co. Governor of New Hampshire, 1935-37 and u.s. Senator since 1937. Republican leader o拢 Senate in 1952路 and president p,ro tem in 1953. Received his de~ees in Morning Sun Lodge, Conway, Mass. and is member of Eureka Lodge, No. 70, Concord, N.H. Member of Trinity Chapter No.2, Concord, N.H. and Mt. Horeb Commandery, as well as Bektash Shrine Temple, all of Concord. Ansel W. Briggs (1806-1881) Inaugurated first governor of the newly constituted State of Iowa on Decemher 3, 1846. His Masonic membership is obscure. He was often in the company of many active Masons, Robert

Asa G. Briggs (1862-1945) Director U.S. Chamber of Commerce (193034). b. Dec. 20, 1862 at Arcadia, Wis. Admitted to Minn. bar in 1887. An officer of the Great Lakes, St. Lawrence Tidewater Assn. and St. P'aul Chamber of Commerce and director on the national board for Camp Fire Girls. Mason and Shriner. d. Aug. 31, 1945. Eugene S. Briggs President of Phillips University, Enid, Okla. since 1938. b. Feb. 1, 1890 in Howard Co., Mo. B.S. Central College (Mo.); B.S., M.A. and Ph.D. Univ. of Missouri. High school principal in Missouri and Okla. 1913-23. President State Teachers College, Durant, Okla. 1928-33; director adult education Mo. State Dept. of Education 1934-35; president of Christian College, Columbia, Mo. 1935-38 and president of Phillips Univ. since 1938. Elected to Oklahoma Hall of Fame in 1951. Member of Garfield Lodge No. 501, Enid, Okla. and Enid Commandery No. 13, K.T., Enid. Member of Trenton Chapter No. 66, R.A.M. and Trenton Council No. 37, R. & S.M., both of Trenton, Mo. Member of Akdar Shrine Temple of Tulsa. Charter member and first president of High Twelve at Olonulgee and past president of the Enid High Twelve Club. Member of De.. Malay Legion of, Honor. Brother of Frank P. Briggs q.v.


Frank A. Briggs Frank A. Briggs Former Governor of North Dakota. Was 32째 AASR and KCCH in Scottish Rite, being buried Masonically. Frank P. Briggs U.S. Senator :from Missouri and newspaper owner. b. Feb. 25, 1894 at Armstrong, Mo. Graduate of Univ. of Missouri 1914. Edited newspapers in Fayette, Moberly, Trenton, M,o. and Shawnee, Okla. Editor and owner of the Macon Chronicle-Herald (Mo.) since 1924. Member of Missouri state senate from 1933 to 1945, serving as president 1941-45. Appointed U.S. S'enator from Mo. Jan. 18, 1945 to fill unexpired term of Harry S. Truman q.v. by Governor Donnelly q.'V. Member of Missouri Conservation Commission since 1947. Past grand high priest of the Grand Chapter Royal Arch Masons of Missouri and grand master of the Grand Lodge of Missouri (1957) . Raised in Fayette Lodge No. 47, Fayette, Mo. on Aug. 17, 1915; later a member of Trenton Lodge No. 111, Trenton, Mo. (1917-24) and presently member of Censer Lodge No. 172, Macon. Member of Macon Chapter No. 22, R.A.M. and past high priest; Centralia Council No. 34, R. & S.M. and past master, and Emmanuel Commandery No.7, Macon. Axarat Shrine Temple of Kansas City. Leon E. Briggs Treasurer of Ford Motor Co. b. Jan. 31, 1892 at Syracuse, N.Y. Started with Ford Motor Co. as a stenographer in 1914, advancing as branch auditor, branch comptroller, traveling auditor, assistant general auditor, general auditor and treasurer since 1946. He is vice president and treasurer of the Ford Motor Co. Fund. Served in navy in WWl. Mason.

Elbert S. Brigham U.S. Congressman, 69th to 71st Congresses (192531) from first district of Vermont. b.

Oct. 19" 1877 at St. Albans, Vt. President of the National Life Insurance Co., Montpelier, Vt. retiring in 1948 and is now president of the Franklin Co. Savings Bank & Trust Co. of St. Albans. Member of Franklin Lodge No.4, St. Albans, Vt. and 33째 AASR (NJ) at Burlington, Vt. Howard R. Brinker Episcopal bishop. b. Oct. 20, 1893 at Nashotah, Wis. Graduate of the Univ. of Pennsylvania (1918) and ordained priest in the Episcopal Church in 1919. Served as rector in Wyoming and illinois and dean of the Chicago South Deanery, 1935-39. A member of the diocesan council 1924-40, chairman of depart.. ment of publicity, 1939 and chairman department of missions 1930-38. Bishop of Nebraska, 1943, provisional bishop of Missionary District, Western Nebraska, 1943 and bishop of reunited diocese and district since 1946. Raised in Ashlar Lodge No. 10, Douglas, Wyo. about 1920 and presently a member of Nebraska Lodge No.1, Omaha, Nebr.

George F. Briston Composer. Member of Independent Royal Arch Lodge No.2, New York City. Marquis de Britigney Served as a colonel in the American Revolution. Member of St. Johns Lodg,e No.3, New Bern, North Carolina. James L. Britt. (1861-1939) U.S. Congressman to 64th and 65th Congresses (1915-19) from 10th North Carolina district. b. March 4, 1861 at Johnson City, Tenn. Practiced law at Asheville, N.C.. Special attorney for department of justice 1906-9 andspecial assistant to attorney general in 1910 for prosecution of civil cases for Post Office dept. Minority leader of N.C. senate in 1909. Mason. d. Dec. 26, 1939. Edwin F. Britten, Jr. President of Monroe Calculating Machine Co. b.


Samuel Broers Feb. 2, 1885 at Jersey City, N.J. Graduated from Cornell Univ.. 1907. Employed as a mechanical engineer and executive from 1907-17 by several companies. In 1917 he became vice president in .charge of manufacture of the Monroe Co. and has been president since 1937. Holds many patents on calculating and office machines. Mason. Daniel Broadhead (1736-1809) Revolutionary soldier.. In 1775 he raised a company of riflemen who served in the battle of Long Island. He was appointed colonel of the 8th Pennsylvania regiment, and in April 1778, led a successful expedition against the Muskingum Indians. He made two important treaties with the Indians and received the thanks of Congress, being made brigadier general after the war. He was a member of Lodge No.3, Philadelphia, Pa. d. Nov. 15, 1809. James o. Broadhead First president of the American Bar Association, congressman and diplomat. When the American Bar Association was founded in 1878, James o. Broadhead of St. Louis was chosen its first president. His original membership is not known, .but at his death in 1898, he was a member of Tuscan Lodge No. 360 of St. Louis, Mo'. Glen P. Brock President of Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad. b. Nov. 22, 1896 at Alden, Ia. Graduated from Univ. of Illinois in 1922. Started with the illinois Central Railroad in 1912, going to the Gulf and Mobile in 1923 as assistant to, general manager. Was general manager from 1934; vice路 president and general manager from 1940. President since June, 1957. Raised in Palestine Lodge No. 849, Palestine, ID. in 1921. 32 0 AASR in Mobile, Ala. and member of Abba Shrine Temple of MobUe.

William Brockmeier (1866-1947) Conducted 5,586 Masonic funeral services. Member o拢 Mt. Moriah Lodge No. 40, St.. Louis, Mo. He started keeping records of the funerals in 1911, although he had attended many before that time. The dignity and eloquence he developed through the years resulted in requests from other lodges for his services and he eventually represented 48 lodges, serving each without remuneration. As a stationary engineer with the American Brake Co., -he worked a night shift and thus had free time in the day. He attended his last fu.. neral on May 29, 1947 at the age of 8I-it was his own. Charles Brockwell English clergyman, who it is claimed, delivered the first recorded Masonic sermon on Dec. 27, 1749 at Christ Church, Boston, Mass. Edward E. Brodie (1876-1939) U. S. Envoy and Minister to Siam and Finland. b. March 12, 1876, at Fort Stevens, Oreg. A newspaper man, he began with the Morning Enterprise, Oregon City in 1901 and later became owner and publisher until 1935. Became Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Siam in 1921, resigning in 1925. In 1930 he was E.E. and M.P. to Finland, serving until 1933. Mason, 32 AASR and Shriner. d. June 27, 1939. 0

William A. Brodie Laid the foundation stone of the Statue of Liberty in New York harbor on August 5, 1884 as Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New York. Kazimierz Brodzinski (1791-1835) Polish epic poet and scholar. Was professor of Polish literature at Warsaw from 1826. A Freemason. His best known wo~k was Wieslaw', written in 1820. Samuel Broers President Firestone International Co. b. Jan. 1, 1892 in


Willis J. Brogden Amsterdam, Holland, coming to the U.S. in 1909. Began career as shipping clerk in 1910 and started with Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., Akron, Ohio as an export clerk in 1914, rising through field manager, export manager, and in charge of all overseas operations since 1934. Raised in Adoniram Lodge No. 517, Akron, Ohio in 1922.

Enquirer published at Rochester. Became chief justice of supreme court in 1945 and two years later one of the judges of the court of appeals, just organized. He left the bench and practiced law in New York City. d. Sept. 3, 1863.

Willis J. Brogden (1877-1935) Justice, Supreme Court of North Carolina. b. Oct. 18, 1877 at Goldsboro, N.C. Admitted to bar in 1907 and practiced at Durham. Elected associate justice of the supreme court in 1926. Mason. d. Oct. 29, 1935. Henry P. H. Bromwell (1823-1903) Masonic author. b. Aug. 26, 1823 in Baltimore Co., Md. Moved to lllinois, studied law and became judge of the circuit court of Fayette Co. He later edited a newspaper and served in the state legislature from 1865-69'. A member of the Illinois Constitutional Convention in 1869. He was raised in Temperance Lodge No. 16, Vandalia, ID. in 1854, master in 1856 and grand master of the Grand Lodge of Illinois in 1864. Was grand orator of the grand lodge four times; high priest of Edgar Chapter No. 32, R.A.M. in 1858, knighted in Elwood Commandery No.6, 1861 and received the AASR from A.G. Mackey in 1877. Moved to Colorado and became active in the Grand Lodge of Colorado, affiliating with Denver Lodge No.5. Grand orator of Colorado in 1874. Author of the ponderous volume RestoratitYns of Masonic Geometry and Symbolism. d. Jan. 9, 1903.

Green C. Bronson (1789-1863) Chief Justice, Supreme Court of New York. b. in Oneida, N.Y. Practiced law at Utica, N.Y. and elected attorney general in 1829. At this time he came under attack for being a "high Mason" by the Anti-Masonic

Jolm R•. Brooke (1838-1926) Major General, U.S. Army. b. July 21, 1838 in Montgomery Co., Pat Enlisted in the 4th Pennsylvania Infantry in 1861. Participated in Civil War battles of Cold Harbor, Gettysburg, Spottsylvania Court-House and Tolopotomy and made brigadier general for gal.. lantry. Resigned from volunteer service and entered regular army as lieutenant colonel, rising to major general in 1897. Was head of the military commission and governor general of Puerto Rico and governor general of Cuba. Retired in 1902. Mason and member of Columbia Chapter No. 21, R.A.M. Philadelphia, Pa.d. Sept. 5, 1926.

Laurens Brooke Surgeon and medical officer to John Paul Jones q.v., father of the American Navy. Was a member of Fredericksburg Lodge No.4, Va. He served on Jones' ships Ranger and Bo~ Homme Richard. Robert Brooke Governor of Virginia from 1794-96. He also served as attorney general of Virginia from 1798-1800 and it was during this period that Henry Clay q.'V. studied in his law office. At the outbreak of the Revolution he was a medical student at the University of Edinburgh and returned to America to serve asa first lieutenant of cavalry. A member and past master of Fredericksburg Lodge No.4, he became grand master of Virginia on Nov. 23, 1795.

Walker Brooke (1813-1869) U.S. Senator from Mississippi. b. Dec. 13, 1813. in Virginia. Graduated from Univ. of Virginia in 1835, studied law,


Overton Brooks emigrated to Kentucky where he taught school two years and then took up practice in Lexington, Miss. Elected senator and served from March, 1852 to March, 1853. He was a member of the Mississippi seceding convention of 1861. He was a member of the Confederate congress, but was defeated for the Confederate senate. He was a member of Hill City Lodge No. 121, Vicksburg, Miss. past high priest of Lexington Chapter No. 9, Lexington, Ky. and the second grand high priest of the Grand Chapter, R.A.M. of Mississippi (1848). He demitted from the chapter in 1858. d. Feb. 19, 1869. Bryant B. Brooks (1861-1944) Governor of Wyoming. b. Feb. 5, 1861 at Bernardston, Mass. A livestock grower in Wyoming from 1882, was presi-

dent of Consolidated Royalty Oil Co. and Wyoming National Bank, serving in the Wyoming legislature in 1892. He was a presidential elector in 1900 and governor of Wyoming from 190511. He was a member of Ashlar Lodge No. 10 at Douglas, Wyo. and later of Casper Lodge .No. 15, Casper, of which he was past master. In 1940 he was grand orator of the Grand Lodge of Wyoming. d. Dec. 7, 1944.


Wayland Brooks (1897 -1957)

U.S. Senator from Illinois. b. March 8, 1897 in West Bureau Co., Ill. Student

at Wheaton College and Univ. of Chicago, receiving LL.B. from Northwestern Univ. in 1926. Admitted to bar in 1926 and practiced in Chicago. Elected U.S. Senator in 1939 and reelected in 1942 for six-year tenn. Served with Marines in WWl and was wounded seven times, receiving D.S.C. from both Army and Navy and was retired at age of 21. Member of Wheaton Lodge No. 269, Wheaton, ID., being raised Jan. 24, 1920. Grand Orator of路the Grand Lodge of nlinois in 1946. 33 0 AASR (NJ) , York Rite Mason and member of St. John's No.

1, Red Cross of Constantine. d. Jan. 14, 1957.

Henry L. Brooks U.S. District Judge (Ky.). b. Dec. 9, 1905 at Louis~ ville, Ky. Graduate of Univ. of Wisconsin and Jefferson School of Law. Admitted to bar in 1928 and practiced at Louisville. Judge of Jefferson Circuit Court, 1946-48 and U.SI. District Judge since 1954. Member of Louisville Lodge No. 400, Louisville, Ky. AASR in Valley of Kentucky (KCCH). John Brooks (1752-1825) Governor of Massachusetts. First elected in 1816 and re-elected seven years in succession, finally declining to again be a candidate. b. May 31, 1752 at Medford, Mass. Studied medicine under Dr. Simon Tufts and settled at Reading, Mass. as a physician. Drilled a company of minute-men and was present at the Battle of Lexington. Participated in Fort Stanwix expedition and Battle of Saratoga. He was then promoted to colonel (1778) and was associated with Baron von Steuben q.v. in training the Continental Army. A friend of Washington, he was major general of the militia for many years, practicing law at Medford, Mass. From 1812-15 he was adjutant general of Mass. He received his E.A. degree in American Union Lodge (Military) on Aug. 28, 1779 and later a member of Washington Lodge No. 10 (Military) under Grand Lodge of Mass. d. March 1, 1825. Overton Brooks U.S. C'ongressman from 4th Louisiana district, 75th to 81st Congresses (1936-51). b. Dec. 21, 1897 at East Baton Rouge, La. Received LL.B. from Louisiana State Univ. 1923, practicing law at Shreveport. Served in WW1 in 1st Division field artillery. Raised on Joppa Lodge No. 362, Shreveport, La. about 19路21. 32 0 AASR (SJ), Shriner and honorary member of National Sojourners.


Samuel P. Brooks school teacher, real estate dealer and surveyor. Two weeks before the Bat.. tIe of B,randywine, he drew a map of this area for the use of General Washington. An early member of Lodge No. 14, Christiana Ferry (Wilmington) Del., he was elected secretary and treasurer on June 24, 1780, junior warden June 25, 1781 and again treasurer in 1783. d. Apri125, 1810.

Samuel P. Brooks (1863-1931) President of Baylor University, 19021931. b. Dec. 4, 1863 at Milledgeville, Ga. Graduate of several universities, including Baylor, Yale and Univ. of Chicago. Was vice president of the Southern Baptist Convention in Baltimore, 1910 and president of the Bap.tist General Convention of Texas, 1914-17. A M,ason, he was grand orator of the Grand Lodge of Texas in 1914 and 1922'. d. May 14, 1931.

Joseph J. Broshek Rear Admiral,

Stratton D. Brooks (1869-19'49) University president. b. Sept. 10, 1869 at Everett, Mo. Principal of high schools from 1890-99 in Illinois and Michigan; assistant professor' of education and high school inspection, Univ. of lli. 1899-1902; assistant superintendent of schools, Boston, 1902-06; superintendent of schools, Cleveland, 0., 1906; superintendent of schools, Boston, 1906-12; president of Univ. of Oklahoma, 1912-23; president of Univ. of Missouri, 1923-31. Educational director, Order of DeMolay from 1931. Member of Norman (Okla.) Lodge No. 38; Columbia (Mo.) Chap~ ter No. 17, R.A.M. (1923); St. Graal Commandery (Mo.) No. 12, K.T. (1924). d. Jan. 18, 1949. Wiley G. Brooks College president. b. Oct. 24, 1886 at Adelphia, Ohio. Superintendent of schools in Idaho, Nebraska and Iowa from 191037. President and trustee of nlinois Wesleyan Univ. 1937-40 and president of Nebraska State Teachers College, Chadron, since 1941. Mason, 32 0 AASR, Knight Templar.

Jac'ob Broom (1752-1810) Signer of Federal Constitution in 1787. One of the delegates from Delaware to the Philadelphia convention meeting on May 14, 1787 and was among the signers of Sept. 17. He was a member of the Delaware legislature from 1784-88 and the first postmaster of Wihnington in 1790-92. He was a

U.S. Navy. b. Nov. 1, 1886 at New Bedford, Mass. Graduate of U.S. Naval Academy in 1908 and Columbia Univ. in 1915. Commissioned ensign in 1910, advancing through grades to rear admiral in 1942 and retired in 1946. Served on U.8.S. George Washington in WWl and was head of maintenance, Bureau of Ships, Navy Dept. to retirement in 1946. Member of Mistletoe Lodge No. 647,

Brooklyn, N.Y. Deceased. Henry Peter Brougham (Baron Brougham and Vaux) (1778-1868). Lord High Chancellor of England from 1830. b. Sept. 19, 1778 at Edinburgh, Scotland. With Sydney Smith and Jeffrey, founded the Edinburgh Review' in 1802. Practiced at English bar in 1808 and member of parliament in 1810. He carried the measure making slave trade a felony and defended Queen Caroline as her attorney general in trial (1820). He was a founder of London Univ. in 1828 and by a famous speech in 1831 helped pass the Reform Bill. He was the original "learned friend" in Peacock's Crochet Castle. The brougham (carriage) is named for him. He was initiated, passed and raised in Fortrose Lodge, Stornoway, Scotland on Aug. 20, 21, 1799 and on June 24, 1800 affiliated with Canongate Kilwinning Lodge in Edinburgh. d. May 7, 1868. John Brougham (1810-1880) Actor and playwright. b. May 9, 1810 in Dublin, Ireland. Orphaned early in


Charles W. Brown life, he was raised by an eccentric q.'V. From 1821-32 he was almost uncle. Studied medicine, but took to continuously a memb'er of the state the stage to make a living, first ap- legislature. He was elected to Conpearing in the Tottenham theatre in gress in 1839, 1841 and 1843. From Dublin in July, 1830. His first hit was 1845-47 he was governor of Tennesas O'Slash in The Invincibles. His see. As postmaster general in Buchanfirst 20 years were passed in Dublin an's cabinet q.'V'. he shortened the and the remainder was divided be- oceanic mail route to California and tween runs in New York and London. the routes from St. Louis westward Made his first appearance on the before the construction of the railAmerican stage as O'Callaghan in roads. A member of Pulaski Chapter His Last Legs on D'ct. 4, 1842 at the No.7, R.A.M., Tenn. he was junior Park theatre in New York City. In grand warden路 of the Grand Lodge of addition to acting he wrote about 'Tennessee in 1825. d. March 8, 1859, 100 plays. Misfortune struck him in and buried Masonically at Nashville later years and a benefit performance was given at the New York Academy on March 14. of Music which netted $10,279 with Albert G. Brown (1813-1880) Govwhich his friends bought him an ernor of Mississippi and U.s. Senator. annuity. He was a member of St. b. May 31, 1813 in Chester Dist., S.C. John's Lodge No.1, New York City. Was made brigadier general in Missisd. June 7, 1880 in NYC. sippi state militia when only 19 years William E. Brougher Brigadier old. A lawyer, he was a member of General, U.S. Army.b. Feb. 17, 1889 the state legislature from 1835-39 and in Miss. Commissioned 2nd lieut. in member of the U.S. Congress from 1911 and advanced through grades Miss. in 1840-41; from 1841-43 he was to brigadier general in 1941 (ad- circuit judge, and governor of Misvanced by Gen. MacArthur for lead- sissippi from 1843-1848. He was again ership in Philippines). Served in WW1 a member of Congress from 1848-54 as major of infantry. Served through and U.S. Senator from 1854-58. ReBataan campaign, Philippines and elected in 1859 for six: years, he retaken prisoner by Japanese and liber- signed in 1861 to join the Confederate ated in Aug., 1945. Became command- forces with his colleague of the sening general of Ft. McClellan, Ala. in ate, Jefferson Davis.d. June 12, 1880. 1946 and later Camp Gordon, Augus- Member of Gallatin Lodge No. 25, Gallatin, Miss. and later Silas Brown ta, Ga. Mason, 32 0 AASR. Lodge, U.D. J. M. Broughton Former Governor of North Carolina. Member of Wake Anthony Brown (see 6th Viscount Forest Lodge No. 282, receiving his Montagu) degrees on Oct. 17, 1909 and Jan. 18 Charles W. Brown (1858-1928) and Feb. 1, 1910. President of Pittsburgh Plate Glass Aaron V. Brown (1795-1859) Post- Co. from 1916. b. June 14, 1858 at master General of u.s. and Governor Newburyport, Mass. Was master marof Tennessee. b. Aug. 15, 1795 in iner in charge of vessels in Chinese Brunswick Co., Va. Graduated from and Australian trade for six years. Chapel Hill (N.C.) in 1814 and Was identified with the manufacture moved with parents to Tennessee in of plate glass from 1898 until his 1815 where he studied law and be- death, Mar. 6, 1928. Mason and Knight came the partner of James K. Polk Templar.


Clarence J. Brovvn Clarence J. BrO\VD U.S" C路ongressman from 7th Ohio dist., 76th to 84th Congresses (1939-1956). b. July 14, 1893 at Blanchester, O. Purchased first newspaper in 1917 and has been in publishing business since that date. President of The Brown Publishing Co. Was lieut. governor of Ohio from 1919-23 and secretary of state, 192733. Was a member of the Hoover commission for organization of the executive branch of the Federal government. Mason, 33掳 AASR (N.J.).

Clarence J. Brown Vice Admiral, U.S. Navy. b. Jan. 15, 1895 at Plum City, Wis. Received B.S. from Univ. of Wisconsin in 1915 and M.D. from Washington Univ. in 1917, entering Navy Medical Corps in 1917, advancing to rear admiral in 1946, and retired as vice admiral in 1954. Assistant chief, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery of Navy 1947-49 and general inspector, 1949; deputy surgeon general of the Navy from 1950 and presently chief of medical services, State of California, Youth Authority. Raised in Maiden Rock Lodge No. 196, Maiden Rock, Wis. in 1916; member of Mt. Horeb Chapter No.6, Pensacola, Fla. and Coeur Ie Leon Commandery No.1, Pensacola. DII Russell Brown (1848-1919) Governor of Rhode Island, 1892-95. b.

March 28, 1848 at Bolton, Conn. Pub.. lisher of the Evening News in Provi.. dence, R.I. Mason. d. Feb. 28, 1919. Egbert B., Brown (1816-?) Union Brigadier General in Civil War. b. Oct. 24, 1816 in Brownsville, N.Y. Elected mayor of Toledo, Ohio in 1849. Spent four years in the Pacific on a whaling vessel returning to St. Louis, Mo. as a railway manager from 1852-61. He was instrumental in saving the city of St.. Louis from southern hands at start of Civil War. Was severely wounded at Battle of Springfield (Mo.) in 1863. Served

through Civil War in Missouri, Arkansas ,and Texas. From 1866-68 he wa$ U.S. pension agent at St. Louis, retiring to a farm near Hastings, lli. in 1869. Member of Toledo Lodge No. 144, Toledo, Ohio. Everett C. Brown (1863-1937) Livestock commission man and Olym.. pic committee member. b. Oct. 14, 1863 at Oneida, TIL Started in live.. stock industry, Chicago, 1881 and later general manager of Brown-St. John Commission Co. In 1918-19 he was chairman of the Price Control Commission of Live Stock, U.S. Food Administration; president of the Chicago Live Stock Exchange 1916-20 and 1923-28; president of the National Live Stock Exchange 1918-23. Member of the Chicago Plan Committee. President of the National Amateur Athletic Union in 1910. Member of the 路executive committee of American Olympic Committee in charge of Olympic teams to London in 1908, Stockholm, 1912, Antwerp" 1920 and Paris, 1924. Mason and Knight Templar. d. April 11, 1937. Fred H. Bro\Vll Former U.S'. Senator from New Hampshire., A Mason and Knight Templar.

Gustavus R. Brown One of the physicians called into consultation during the last illness of George Washington. He was one of the organ.. izers of St. Columbia Lodge No. 10, Port Tobacco" Md., and was the fifth grand master of Maryland (1797). Guy L. Brown Head of Brother.. hood of Locomotive Engineers. b. ,Aug. 22, 1893 at Boone, Ia. Lacomo.. tive fireman and engineer on the C. & N.W. Railroad from 1909-1945 when he assumed office in the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers; as.. sistant grand chief engineer 1950-53 and grand chief since that date. Raised in Mount Olive Lodge No. 79, Boone, Iowa in 1941. Member of Tug...


John Brown

can Chapter No. 31, R.A.M.; Gebal Council No.5, R. & S.M.; Excalibar Commandery No. 13, K.T. all of Boone, Iowa. 32掳 AASR (NJ), Cleveland, Ohio and Al Koran Shrine Temple of Cleveland. Harvey W. Brown (1883-1956) International president of International Association of Machinists. b. Oct. 28, 1883 in Schuylkill Co., Pa. Mter serving as a machinist apprentice from 1902-05, he became business representative for International Association of Machinists for Anthracite Coal Region in 1911; general vice president in 1921 and president in 1938. Elected international president in 1940. Member of American Federation of Labor executive council, 1940-43. Member of Roseville Lodge No. 143, Newark, N.J. d. Sept., 1956.

Jacob Brovvn (1775-1828) Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Army (1821-28) and major general in War of 1812. b. May 9, 1775 in Bucks Co., Pat Taught school and did surveying in Ohio until 1798 when he moved to New York and settled at present town of Brownsville. Having had military experience as secretary to Alexander Hamilton q.v. he was made colonel of militia in 1809 and advanced to brigadier general in 1810. In command of a 200 mile section along Canadian border in 1812 and repulsed several attacks from superior British forces including fights at Ogdensburg, Sackets Harbor, Chippewa and Lundy's Lane. Made brigadier general of regular army in 1813 and major general in 1814. At the close of the war he commanded the northern division of the army and on March 10, 1821 became generalin-chief of the U.S. Army. He was initiated in Ontario Lodge at Sackets Harbor, N.Y. on Jan. 2, 1806 and was probably raised there. He later became a member of Watertown Lodge No.. 49, Watertown, N.Y. d. Feb. 24,

1828 and buried in Congressional cemetery, Washington, D.C.

James W. Brown President of Editor and Publisher, 1912-52 and chairman of the board since 1953. b. Oct. 20, 1873 at Detroit, Mich. With Detroit News and Tribune 1891-95; Chicago Journal, Chicago路 American and Chicago Tribune 1895-1903. General manager of the Louisville Herald 1903-11. Raised April 29,. 1907 in Louisville Lodge No. 400, Louisville, Ky. and at present a member of Publicity Lodge No. 1000, New York City. Member of DeMalay Commandery, K.T. No. 12 of Kentucky. James W. Brown, -Jr. Newspaper executive. b. Jan. 1, 1902 at Chicago, lli. With Editor and Publisher for 23 years and was president, member of the board and chairman of the executive committee 1941-48, and general manager since 1953. With Chicago Tribune-N.Y. Daily News Syndicate as sales manager 1948-51. Member of Publicity Lodge No. 1000, New York City and master in 1937. Member of Jerusalem Chapter No.8, R.A.M. and Coeur de Leon Commandery No. 23, K.T., both of New York City. Joe E. Brown Stage and screen star. b. July 28, 1892 at Holgate, Ohio. Began a's a circus acrobat in 1902 and was with burlesque and vaudeville from 1916-19. From 191B-27 was with musical comedies including Listen LesteT, Greenwich Village Follies, Captain Jinks and others. Leading roles in movies of which Crooks Can't Win was his first "silent" and Painted

Faces. his first talking. Made the "Elmer" films famous. Member of Rubicon Lodge No. 237, Toledo, Ohio and of AI Malaikah Shrine in Los Angeles. John Brown (1800..1859) American abolitionist fanatic, regarded by some northern sympathizers as a martyr. Brown's cause was glorified by the


John Brown famous marching song, John BTown's Body. He was a Freemason who later turned anti-Mason. b. May 9, 1800, he was executed on Dec. 2, 1859 in Charlestown, Va. From 1856 on, he was obsessed with the idea of abolishing slavery by force. When a pro-slavery massacre occurred at Lawrence, Kans., Brown killed five slavery adherents at Pottawatomie, Kans. in retaliation. He next made a heroic stand at Osawatomie, Kans. against a raid by pro-slavery forces from Missouri. He conceived a plan of establishing a new state as a refuge for negroes. With help from Massachusetts abolitionists, he seized the government arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Va. in 1859, intending the action as a signal for a general insurrection of slaves. Overpowered and convicted of treason, he was hanged Dec. 2, 1859. Brown was raised in Hudson Lodge No. 68, Hudson, Ohio, on May 11, 1824, serving as junior deacon in 1825-26.. His uncle was the first master of the lodge. Shortly after 1826 he moved to Pennsylvania and with the anti-Masonic movement, he renounced Freemasonry and continued to do so on every possible occasion. His son, John Brown, Jr. became a Freemason and was buried with Masonic honors. His daughter, Sarah, once told a biographer that Brown had stated that "the forms of the initiatory ceremonies of the Masons struck him as silly," and in a negro newspaper Brown wrote, "another of the few errors of my life is that I have joined the Freemasons" Oddfellows, Sons of Temperance, and a score of other secret societies instead of seeking the company of intelligent, wise and good men." John Brown (1757-1837) First u.s. Senator from Kentucky and last survivor of the Continental Congress. b.. Sept. 12, 1757 at Staunton, Va. Was a student at Princeton when the Revolutionary army retreated through

N.J.. and he joined it, serving until the close of the' war. Admitted to bar in 1782, he practiced at Frankfort, Ky. He was elected to the Virginia legislaturefrom the district of Ky. and from the same district to the Conti.. nental Congress of 1787-88. Later he was congressman from this district (1789-92) and became the first U.s. Senator from Kentucky, serving from No:v.. 5,. 1792 until March 3, 1805. He took a prominent part in the Indian warfare, the admission of Kentucky into- the union and in securing navigation of the Mississippi for the west. Member of Lexington Lodge No.1, Lexington, Ky. and Lexington Chapter No.. 1, R.A.M. d. Aug. 29, 1837.

John C. Brown (1827-1889) Major General, C.S.A. and twice governor of Tennessee. b. Jan. 6, 1827 in Giles Co., Tenn. J ained the Confederate army at start of war and rose to major general. ."Left almost destitute at close of war, he was employed as a railroad surveyor and rose to president of the Nashville Railroad. He later had charge of the Texas Pacific's construction to the Rio Grande and was receiver of the entire property. President of the constitutional convention of Tennessee, he was twice governor (in 1870 and 1875). A memberof Pulaski Lodge No. 101, Pulaski, Tenn., he served three terms as master and was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Tennessee in 1869. Received his Royal Arch degree in Pulaski Chapter No. 20 on Mar. 28, 1871 and Knight Templar in Pulaski Commandery No. 12 on April 26, 1871. d. Aug. 16, 1889. J'ohn R. Brown (1820-1895) Early Texas newspaper editor, soldier. b. Oct. 20, 1820 in Pike Co-., Mo. Moved to Texas in 1840 with his uncle, Dr. James Kerr, and worked on the Texas Sentinel. As first sergeant of the "Minute Men" he engaged in several


Prentiss M. Brown Indian campaigns and after being wounded in the Battle of Salado in 1842 was discharged in 1843. Worked on the Victoria Advocate and accepted a position of colonel in state militia. In 1854 he bought an interest in the Galveston Civilian and in 1858 became editor of the Belton Democrat. Attended the Secession Convention of 1861 and served in the Confederate army until 1862 when he was named adjutant general. Following the war he went to Mexico and became commissioner of immigration under Maximilian, returning to Texas in 1871. Represented Dallas in legislature in 1873 and member of the 1875 Convention. He was revising editor of the Encyclopedia of the New West and wrote History of Dallas County, Life and Times of Henry Smith, History of Texas (2 volumes) and Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas. Was raised in Clarksville Lodge No. 17, Clarksville, Mo. March 1, 1845 (on a visit to his old state), demitting the same date and became one of the original signers for a charter of Victoria Lodge No. 40, Victoria, Tex. d. May 31, 1895. Louis M. Brown President of Eberhard Faber Pencil Co. b. Aug. 25, 1896 at Atlanta, Ga. Started with Eberhard Co. in 1923, successively Canadian representative, advertising manager, assistant sales manager, sales manager, general manager, vice president and president since 1952. Mason.

Mordecai P. C. BroiWD. (1876-1949) Elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame in 1949. b. Oct. 19, 1876 at Nyesville, Ind. Full name was Mordecai Peter Centennial and was c'alled "Three Fingered" as he lost two digits of his pitching hand in an accident during his coal mining days. His two fingerstumps helped give his pitches strange and bafHing twists and curves. Throwing right handed, he was a

switch batter. Was the ace hurler of Chance's Chicago Cubs and for six straight seasons (1906-11) won 20 or more games for the Cubs. His lifetime major league record was 239 wins against 130 losses. A good hitter, he was one of the best fielding pitchers of all time. In 1908 he accepted 108 chances without an error. The same year he hurled four shutout games in a row-the first major league pitcher to perform such a feat. He 路was often pitted against the other pitching star of that era-Christy Mathewson q.1J'. and their duels were classics. In 24 meetings Brown was victorious over Mathewson 13 times. He was a member of Edward Dobbins Lodge No. 164, Lawrenceville, m. receiving his degrees on March 24, May 19 and July 7, 1925. At the time his petition was presented it was referred to the DDGM, Byron R. Lewis, for determining whether the loss of two fingers would disqualify him for Masonic membership. d. Feb. 14, 1949. Norris Brown Former U.S. Senator from Nebraska. A Mason, he served as grand orator of the Grand Lodge of Nebraska.

Prentiss M. Brown U.S'. Senator from Michigan, lawyer, business executive. b. June 18, 1889 in St. Ignace, Mich. Graduate of Albion College and Univ. of Michigan. Practiced law since 1914. Member of 73rd and 74th Congresses (1933-87) from 11th Mich. district. Appointed to U.S. Senate in 1936 and elected for term. 1937-43. Administrator,. Office of Price Administration, 1943. Chairman of the board of the Detroit Edison Company since 1944. Chairman of the Mackinac Bridge Authority. President, vice president and director of many corporations. Member o路f St. Ignace Lodge No. 369, St. Ignace, Mich. he received the 33 0 AASR (NJ) in October, 1955.


Rex I. Brown

Wallace E. Brown (1868-1939) Methodist bishop. b. Oct. 30, 1868 at Chittenango, N.Y. Ordained Method.. ist minister in 1894, holding pastor.. ates in New York state until 1924 when ordained bishop. He was direc.. tor of the Epworth League of the church and member of the general conferences of 1912-16-20-24 and the Ecumenical conference of London in 1921. Mason. d. Nov. 18, 1939.

Rex I. Brown President of Mississippi Power and Light Co. b. Aug. 22, 1889 at Lowell, Mich. Began with Little Rock Railway & Electric Co. in 1880 as clerk. With Arkansas Power & Light Co. 1927-32.. In 1932 he became vice president and general manager or the Mississippi Power & Light and president since 1936. Member of Trinity Lodge No. 694, Little Rock, Ark.; Union Chapter No.2, R.A.M.; Occidental Council No.1, R. & S.M. and Hugh de Payens Commandery No.1, K.T., all of Little Rock, Ark. 32째 AASR (SJ) at Little Rock April 23, 1925. Member of Wahabi Shrine Temple, Jackson, Miss.

Wilfred J. Brown Railroad executive. b. Aug. 10, 1893 at Plymouth, Mass. Graduate of Harvard, 1917. President and director of Consolidated Railroads of Cuba and The Cuba Railroad Co., 1941-48 and chairman of the board :from 1948 until retirement in 1954. Served in Navy during WW1. Mason.

Roy H. Brown University president, Presbyterian missionary. b. May 2, 1878 at Girard, Kans. Ordained Presbyterian minister in 1903 and from that date was a pioneer missionary in the Philippines, establishing 79 churches and receiving over 2,500 members. Held pastorates in U.S. from 1922-32, but returned to the Philippines to be president of Silliman Univ., the largest theological evangelical institution in the islands. Interned prisoner by the Japanese for 31/2 years and freed by U.s. troops during WW2. Mason and 32째 AASR.

William A. Brown Bishop, Protestant Episcopal Church. b. Jan. 3, 1878 at Albemarle Co., Va. Ordained in 1901, serving churches of Virginia until ordained bishop in 1938, serving Diocese of Southern Va. Mason.

Thomas Brown Former Governor of Florida. Raised in Hiram Lodge No. 59: of Virginia in August, 1807, he became a member of Jackson Lodge No.1, Tallahassee, Fla. serving as secretary in 1833 and master in 1855 and was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Florida in 1849. He was also grand secretary of the Grand Lodge of Florida in 1834-35. He assisted in the formation of the grand lodge in 1830. A member of Florida Chapter No.1, Tallahassee and Mackey Council No. 1 of the same city, he was grand treasurer of the grand chapter in 1848-59 and grand high priest in 1851.

Wm. Moseley Brown Educator, explorer, army officer, linguist and per.. sonnel consultant. b. Feb. 27, 1894 at Lynchburg, Va. B.A. from Washing.. ton and Lee Univ. in 1914; M.A. from Washington and Lee, Columbia, and Ph.D. from Columbia. Professor of language, biology and psychology in Washington and Lee from 1913-29. President of Atlantic Univ. (Va.) 1929-32. Personnel .director of Vick Chemical Co. 1937.. 42 and personnel consultant since 1947. Served in WW1, advancing from private to 2nd It. In WW2 as major and It. colonel, 1942.. 47. Independent Republican candidate for governor of Virginia in 1929 and to Congress in 1932. Was U.S. representative on Ulrich expedition to interior of Brazil in 1931-32 and "Rio Brown" discovered and so named for him by the Brazilian government. Also representative on similar expe.-


John Browne clition to interior of Brazil in 1933-34. 33 0 AASR (SJ), past grand master of Grand Lodge of Virginia, past high priest of Grand Chapter, R.A.M. of Virginia and past grand commander, Grand Commandery, K.T. of Virginia. As president of the National Sojourners, his name was placed on the black list of the Vichy French government during WW2. Author of many volumes including Character Traits as Factors in Intelligence Test Performance (1923), Best Books on the Choice of a Career (1926), His,tory of Freemasonry in Virginia. (1935), Templary in the Old Dominion (1937), The Making of a Mason (1949), German Psychological Warfare (1941), Highlights of Templar History (1943).

Charles F. Browne (1834-1867) (originally "Brown") American humorist who wrote under the pseudonym of "Artemus Ward." b. in Waterford, Maine. Learned the printer's trade at age of 14 on a Maine newspaper and later employed by the Plaindealer in Cleveland, O. where his first series of Artemus Ward's Sayings were printed. When the Vanity Fair was established in New York he was asked to be a contributor,路 and later its editor. He then gave humorous lectures throughout the country, 1861-1866, and an English tour, 1866-1867. He died in Southampton, England of tuberculosis on March 6, 1867. He received his degrees in Manhattan Lodge No. 62, New York City on Sept. 4, 25, and Oct. 2, 1863.

ida. b. June 6, 1857 at Key West, Fla. Received LL.B. from Univ. of Iowa in 1880. In Key West he was successively city. attorney, postmaster and collector of customs. Member of Florida state senate from 1891-95 and exofficio lieut.-governor 1891-93. Was chief justice of Supreme Court of Florida from 1917-23 and associate justice 1923-25, resigning to become judge of 20th judicial circuit. Mason, Knight Templar and 32 0 AASR (SJ). d. May 4, 1937.

J. Lewis Browne' (1866-1933) Organist. b. May 18, 1866 at London, Eng., coming to America in 1875. Studied in U.S. and Europe. Was soloist at Royal Academy of St. Cecilia in Rome, 1901. Organist at Wanamaker's Egyptian Hall, Philadelphia 1908-10 and the St. Louis and J amestown world fairs. Organist and choirmaster of St. Patrick's Church, Chicago from 1912. Faculty member, Univ. of Notre Dame. Designed the great organ in Medinah Shrine Temple, Chicago and conducted symphony concerts there. Director of music public schools of Chicago 拢rom 1928. Composed the opera La Corsicana (1923) which was produced in the Chicago Playhouse. His Ecce Sacerdos Magnus was produced by the Paulist Choristers of Rome in 1912. In 1921 he wrote Missa Immaculatae Concep,tionis B.V.M. for the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the Catholic Diocese of Cincinnati. Also wrote more than 60 songs, pieces for organ, orchestra, piano, etc. Mason and 32 0 AASR (NJ). d. Oct. 23, 1933.

Edward E. Browne (1868-1945)

U.S. Congressman, 63rd to 71st Congresses (1913-31) from 8th Wis. district. b. Feb. 16, 1868 at Waupaca, Wis. Graduate of Univ. of Wisconsin. In law practice at Waupaca from 1892. Mason and 32掳 AASR (NJ).

Jefferson B. Browne (1857-1937) Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Flor-

John Browne Englishman who in 1798 published in London one of the mst. ciphers of the Masonic ritual. It was entitled: The Master Key Through All the Degrees of a Freemason's Lodge, to Which Is Added" Eullogittms aoo Illustrations 路Upon Freemaso1try. In 1802 he published a second edition under a much length-


John M. Browne ier title. The works are now very rare. Browne claimed to have been past master of six lodges, and his ciphers are considered to be a very complete representation of the monitorial Prestonian lectures. He stated that he printed them not as an offensive expose, but as a means of giving Freemasons instruction and the key to the cipher was only given personally.

Calif. in 1878; a member of California Commandery No.1, K.T. (knighted in 1867). In the Scottish Rite he re" ceived his 33째 on Oct. 20, 1880 and on Oct. 18, 1886 was elected treasurer general of the Supreme Council (S.J.. ). His wife was a daughter of Francis Scott Key, author of the national anthem. d. Dec. 7, 1894.

John M. Browne (1831-1894) Surgeon General of U.s. Navy. b. May 10, 1831 at Hinsdale, N.H. Graduated from Harvard Medical School in 1852, entering Navy following year as as.. sistant surgeon. Sent to Calif.. in 1954, he served aboard the storeship Warren at Sausalito and was then transferred to the Mare Island Navy Yard. In the Civil War he saw much service in Atlantic waters and was surgeon on the U.S.S.Kearsarge in its engagement with the Alabama in 1864. According to one account in the files of Naval Lodge, he was also surgeon in the battle between the ironclads, the Merrimac and the MonitoT. Following the war, Browne was back at Mare Island where he was Medical Inspector in 1871 and Director in. 1878. His next promotion was to surgeon-general, the highest medical rank in the Navy. He retired as commodore in 1893 at the age of 62. Browne was initiated just 24 days after he was 21 in PhUesian Lodge No. 40, Winchester, N.H., receiving all the degrees the night of June 3, 1852 by special dispensation. In 1866, on returning to California after the Civil War, he affiliated with Naval Lodge No. 87 of Vallejo. He was elected master in 1870. In 1871 he was named grand orator of the Grand Lodge of Cali. fornia and in 1875 was' elected grand master for the :first of the four terms he was to serve (1875-79). A memher of Naval Chapter No. 35, R.A.M., he served as grand high priest of

Thomas C. Brownell (1779..1865) Protestant Episcopal Bishop. b. Oct 19, 1779 at Westport, Mass. Ordained deacon in 1816. Consecrated bishop of Connecticut in 1819. First president of Washington (now Trinity) College in 1829. During his last 12 years, he was by seniority the presiding bishop of the United States. He retired in 1851. Received his degrees in Adelphi Lodge No. 63, New Haven, Conn. in 1824. d. Jan. 13, 1865. Gordon Browning Governor 0:1 Tennessee. b. Nov. 22, 1889 in Carroll Co., Tenn. Admitted to bar in 1915 and began practice at Huntingdon. Member of 68th to 73rd Congresses (1923-35) from 7th Tenn. dist. Governor of Tennessee in 1937-39 and again in 1949-51. In WWl he served ten months overseas and in WW2 served three years in European theater. Member of Huntingdon Lodge No. 106, Huntingdon, Tenn., receiving his degrees on Aug. 8, Oct. 6, 1919 and Aug. 24,. 1920. Was officially received in the Grand Lodge of Tennessee in 1952. 32째 AASR in Valley of Tennessee (SJ) and member of AI Menah Shrine Temple. Charles B. Brownson U.S. C'ongressman from 11th Indiana dist. to 82nd, 83rd, 84th Congresses. b. Feb. 5, 1914 at Jackson, Mich. Established Central Wallpaper and Paint Corp., in Indianapolis, 1936. In WW2 he served as infantry lieutenant and later as executive officer to assistant chief of staff, G-l, 1st Army in the invasion planning staff of the Nor-


Robert Ie Bruce mandy invasion, European campaign and the Philippines. Raised in Mystic Tie Lodge No. 398 of Indianapolis, Ind. in 1950. 32° AASR (NJ) at Indianapolis and Murat Shrine Temple of same city. Nailian Bro~on (1742-1796) Member of the Continental Congress, Revolutionary surgeon and Governor of Georgia. b. May 14, 1742 at Woodbury, Conn. Graduated from Yale in 1761 and studied medicine, practicing in Liberty Co., Ga. An early supporter of the American cause, he was for some time a surgeon in the Revolutionary army. He was a member of the provincial congress of 1775 and was a delegate to the Continental Congresses of 1776 and 1778. As speaker of the Georgia legislature, he was chosen by that body as governor of the state in 1781. He was again speaker in 1788 and president· of the state senate in 1789-91. In 1789 he was a member of the convention that framed the state constitution. He was a member of North Star Lodge of Manchester, Vt. d. Nov. 6, 1796.

Eli Bruce Resident of Lockport, N.Y. and sheriff of Niagara Co. at the time of the William Morgan affair. He aided in releasing Morgan to unknown persons for which Governor DeWitt Clinton q.'V. removed him from office and he was later sent to prison for "aiding and abetting the unlawful abduction." Bruce later wrote a book on the Morgan episode. He was a member of Lockport Lodge No. 73 and Ames Chapter No. 88, both of Lockport, N.Y. James Bruce (1730-1794) Scottish explorer. Explored Africa, and was known as "The Abyssinian Traveller." Was British consul at Algiers from 1763-65. In 1770 he rediscovered the source of the Blue Nile. Author of Travels to Discover the SOUTce of tke Nile (1790 in 5 vols.) Raised in Can-

ongate Kilwinning Lodge, Edinburgh, Scotland on Aug. 1, 1753.

James Bruce Executive and former U.S. Ambassador to Argentina (1947-49). b. Dec. 23, 1892 at Baltimore, Md. Served as officer overseas in WW1 with 2nd Infantry Division; special aide to President Wilson; military attache in Italy and representative at Versailles Peace Conference. In 1949-50 he was the first director of the Mutual Defence Assistance Program. Has served as vice president of several banks, including Chase National, Atlantic Exchange and president of Baltimore Trust Co. He is a director of many large corporations including Revlon, American Airlines, American-Hawaiian Steamship, AVCO Mfg., Fruehauf Trailer and Technicolor, Inc. Mason and 32° AASR. Robert Ie Bruce (1274-1329) King and liberator of Scotland. Opposed to Edward I of England as King of Scotland in 1296 and fought against him in 1298, but adhered to him during invasion of 1302-4. He murdered John Comyn in 1306 and was crowned as Robert I, King of Scotland, at Scone in 1306. In the same year he was defeated by the English and took refuge on the coast of Ireland, excommunicated and outlawed. He returned the following year and in two years wrested most of Scotland from the English, routing Edward D's army at Bannockburn in 1314. He repulsed the English time after time until Edward ill recognized the independence of Scotland and Bruce's right to rule by the treaty of 1328 at Northampton. He died of leprosy. He is traditionally said to have introduced Freemasonry into Scotland and in 1314 established the Order of Her'Cdom for the reception of those Knights Templar who had taken re£uge in his dominions from the persecutions of the Pope and King of France. As part of a combined order,


Wallace Bruce 133, R.A.M. of Detroit and Detroit Commandery No.1, K.T., he served the latter as commander in 1943 and was grand commander of Michigan in 1951. He belongs to Detroit Con路 sistory AASR (NJ) and Moslem Shrine Temple.

he is said to have established the Royal Order of Scotland at the Battle of Bannockburn in recognition of the Freemasons who helped him defeat the English. His descendant, Lord Elgin q.v., is present head of the Royal Order of Scotland and the possessor of the great sword of Robert Ie Bruce.

Wallace Bruce (1844-1914) Poet, author and orator. b. Nov. 10, 1844 at Hillsdale, N.Y. Engaged in literary work from 1868 on. Was U.S. consul at Edinburgh, Scotland 1889-93. Was poet and orator at numerous centennial and memorial occasions in U.S., Scotland and England, delivering the Burns anniversary addresses at Ayr, Edinburgh and Kilmarnock. Among his writings were The Land of Burns (1878), The Yosemite (1879), The Hudson, (1882), Old Homestead Poems (1887), Leaves of Gold (1907), and Wanderers (1907). Member of Hudson Lodge No.7, Hudson, N.Y. d. Jan., 1914. Walter Bruchhausen U.S. District Judge for eastern district of New York since 1953. b. May 29, 1892 in Brooklyn, N.Y. Graduate of New York U. in 1912 and admitted to bar in 1919, practicing in New York City. Mason and 32 0 AASR (N.J.). Wilber M. Brucker Secretary of Army, Governor o拢 Michigan. b. June 23, 1894 at Saginaw, Mich. Received LL.B. from Univ. of Michigan in 1916. Admitted.to bar in 1919 and began practice at Saginaw. Attorney general of Michigan 1928..30 and governor of the state from 1931-33. Named general counsel of Depart.. ment of Defense, Washington in 1954 and on June 23, 1955 President Eisenhower appointed him Secretary of the Army. Filed his Masonic petition on his 21st birthday and was raised in Salina Lodge No. 155 on Sept. 15, 1915, later serving as its master. A member of King Cyrus Chapter No.

Henry Bruclmer (1871-1942) U.S. Congressman from N.Y. 63rd to 65th Congresses from 22nd N.Y. dist. b. June 17, 1871 in New York City. President of Bruckner Bros., manu路 facturers. Member of New York As.. sembly 1900-01, and commissioner of public works for New York from 1902-06. Mason. d. April 14, 1942.

James Bruff Commandant of Upper Louisiana Territory shortly after the U.S. took over the Louisiana pur.. chase. In the Revolutionary War he was a 1st lieutenant with the 7th Maryland regiment. A close associate of General J ames Wilkinson q.v" governor of the Louisiana Territory, he no doubt received his appoint.. ment as commandant through his in.. fluence. He signed a . petition to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, asking for a dispensation for a lodge in St. Louis, Mo., signing "J. Bruff, R.A.M." His original lodge is unknown. He is listed as a visitor to American Union Lodge and as being "from Bal.. timore." He was present on Dec. 27, 1799 at Morristown, N.J. when ape.. tition was filed nominating General Mordecai Gist q.v. to represent the lodge at a convention to select a grand master of the United States (to be Washington, but he declined), Clement Brumbaugh (1863 ..1921) U.S. Congressman 63rd to 66th Con.. gresses (1913-21) from 12th Ohio dist. b. Feb. 28, 1863 at Greenville, O. Founder and principal of Van Buren Academy, 1887. Admitted to bar in 1900 and practiced at Columbus. Mason. d. Sept. 28, 1921. David E. Brumbaugh U.S. Con.. gressman 79th Congress (1945-47)


Maximilian, Prince of Brunswick from 22nd Pa. dist. b,. Oct. 8, 1894 at Martinsburg, Pa. In insurance, lumber and banking fields since 1914. Served as enlisted man in WW1. Member of Woodbury Lodge No. 539 at Roaring Spring, Pa.; 32° AASR (NJ) at Altoona, also past potentate of Jaffa Shrine Temple; Royal Order of Jesters and DeMalay Legion of Honor.

Martin G. Brumbaugh (1862-1930) Governor of P~nnsylvania. b. April 14, 1862 in Huntington Co., Pa. Received the degrees of B.E., M.E., M.S., A.M., Ph.D. from Juniata College and Univ. of Pa. He was president of Juniata College from 1895-1906 and again from 1924 until death. He was superintendent of Philadelphia schools 1906-15; first commissioner of education for Puerto Rico (1900-02). Elected governor of Pennsylvania serving 1915-19. Author of many educational books. Member of Mt. Moriah Lodge No. 300, Huntington, Pa. d. May, 1930. Avery Brundage Amateur sportsman who was president of the U.S. Olympic Association and Committee from 1939-45 and president of the Cimite Internationale Olympique since 1952. b. Sept. 28, 1887 at Detroit, l\Hch. Graduated in engineering from Univ. of Illinois in 1909. Was American all-around alnateur champion in 1914, 1916 and 1918. President of Avery Brundage Co. builders 1915.. 47, chairman Roanoke Real Estate Co. since 1932; president Roanoke Hotel Corp., 1939-45. A collector of Oriental art, he is a trustee of the Art Institute of Chicago. Received many foreign decorations for his devotion to amateur athletics. Member of North Shore Lodge No. 937, Chicago, 111.32° AASR (NJ) at Chicago and member of Medinah Shrine Temple, Chicago.

Guillaume M. A. Brone (1763-1815) French army officer who was Marshal of France in 1804. Was murdered by a royalist mob during the White Ter-

ror at Avignon on Aug. 2, 1815. In 1814 he was grand administrator of

the Grand Orient of France.

Albert, Prince of Brunswick-Luneburg Prussian Major General. Initiated in the Lodge "Jonathan" at Brunswick in 1744. . Ferdinand,

Duke of Brunswick Prussian Field Marshal. b. inWolfenbuttel, son of Ferdinand Albert II. Entered Prussian service in 1740 and fought with Frederick the Great, who was for many years his close companion. He rendered distinguished service at Hohenfriedeberg in 1745 and was one of the ablest commanders of the Seven Years' War. Was governor of Madgeburg in 175557 and 1763-66, when in the latter year he became estranged from Frederick and resigned £rom his service, devoting himself to Freemasonry. Initiated in 1740 in the Lodge of Three Globes, Berlin, he received his Master's degree in 1743 at Breslau. Became protector of the Lodge St. Charles, Brunswick in 1764 and English past grand master of Brunswick in 1770. In 1771 he was protector of Von Hund's Strict Observance and in 1772 was declared grand master of the Scottish lodges. He was present in 1782 at the convent at Wilhelmsbad when the Templar system was supposedly disbanded and while there was declared general grand master of the assembled lodges. When presiding at the St. John's festival at Brunswick in 1792, he proudly stated that he had been a Freemason for 50 years. (1721-1792)

Maximilian, Prince of Brunswick Youngest son of Duke Charles I. Educated at the Collegium Carolinum and went to Italy in 1775. Admitted in the Saint Charles Lodge, Brunswick in 1770, becoming its protector. Served Frederick the Great with honors.


William, Prince of Brunswick

William, Prince of Brunswick Third son of Duke Charles I of Bruns.. wick who joined the Lodge St. Charles in 1769. Died, 1770. His brothers, Maximilian and Frederick Au.. gustus q.v. were prominent mem.. bers of the Craft. Alvin G. Brush Business executive.. b. Sept. 16, 1896 at Dunton, N..Y. In accounting field from 1919-32 when he became president of R. L. Watkins Co., mfgrs. of Dr.. Lyons tooth powder until 1934.. President of Affiliated Products Co., cosmetics mfgr. until 1935 and chairman of the board of American Home Products, mfgrs. of drugs and household items since 1935. Raised in Garden City Lodge No. 1083, Garden City, LI., N.Y. in Nov., 1917. George W. Brush (1842-1927) Congressional Medal of Honor winner, physician. b. Oct. 4, 1842 at West Hills, L.I., N.Y. Served in U.S. Volunteers, 1861-65 from private to captain, receiving Medal of Honor in 1897. First practiced dentistry and later went into medicine. Retired from medical practice in 1906 to devote his time to civic betterment. Served terms in bothN..Y. houses of legislature. Mason. d. Nov. 18, 1927. Henry Brush (1778-1855) Judge of Supreme Court of Ohio and member of Congress from Ohio (1818-21). b. in June, 1778 in Dutchess C'o., N.Y. Member of Scioto Lodge No.2, Chillicothe, 0., he was grand master of Ohio. d. Jan. 19, 1855.

Louis H. Brush (1872-1948) Newspaper publisher. b. Jan.. 24, 1872 at Alliance, O. Purchased the Salem News in 1897; East Liverpool Review in 1901; and with others the Marion Star, 1923; Steubenville Herald-Star, 1926; Canton Repository, 1927; Portsmouth Times, 1930. In 1927 he organized the Brush-Moore .Newspapers, Inc. of which he was president. Ma-

son, 32° AASR and Shriner. d. June 24, 1948. Nathaniel Brosh Revolutionary War colonel who headed the Benning. ton (Vt.) militia at the hattIe of Ben.. nington in Aug. 1777 which later proved to be the turning point in the Revolution. He was a charter member and first master of North Star Lodge, Manchester, Vt., fonned in 1785. William Bryan B,rigadierGeneral of militia in the Revolutionary War. Member of St. John's Lodge No.3, New Bern, North Carolina. William Jennings Bryan (1860-1925) Secretary of State, U.S. Congressman and presidential nominee three times. b. Mar. 18, 1860 at Salem, Ill. Ad.. mitted to bar in 1883 and began practice at Jacksonville, Ill. moving to Lincoln, Nebr. in 1887. Was member of 52nd and 53rd Congresses (189195) £rom 1st Nebr.. dist. Edited Omaha, World-Herald in 1894-96. As a delegate to the Democratic convention of 1896 he wrote the famous "silver plank," of its platform and was nom.. inated for President, but defeated by McKinley 176 to 271 electoral votes. In the Spanish-American war he was colonel of the 3rd Nebraska regiment. Was again defeated for President by McKinley in 1900 155 votes to 292. Nominated for third time for President in 1908, he was defeated by Taft, 162 votes against 321. As secretary of state in Wilson's cabinet (1913-15) he negotiated 30 treaties. He was raised in Lincoln Lodge No. 19, Lincoln, Nebr. on Apr. 15, 1902 and later affiliated with Temple Lodge No. 247, Miami, Fla. d. in Miami July 26, 1925.

Joseph R. Bryson (1893-1953) U.S. Congressman 76th to 82nd Congresses (1939-53) from fifth S. Car. Dist. b. Jan. 18, 1893 at Brevard, N.C. Graduate of Furman Univ. and Univ. of South Carolina. Member of state


George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham legislature 1921...24 and senate 192982. Mason, 32 0 AASR, (SJ) and Shriner. d. March 10, 1953.

Charles William, Duke of Buccleuch (See Earl of Dalkeith) Francis, 2nd Duke of Buccleuch (See Earl of Dalkeith) Earls of Buchan Henry David, 10th Earl was the 10th Grand Master Mason of Scotland, 1745-46. David, 11th Earl was 34th Grand Master Mason 1782-83 and Henry David, 12th Earl was 59th Grand Master Mason, 1832..33.

of his life if in town. He was exalted to the Royal Arch degree in Chapter No. 43 at Lancaster. On Feb. 22, 1860 he assisted in the Masonic dedication of the George Washington statue in Washington Circle, Washington, D.C. and delivered the dedicatory address. d. June 1, 1868 and was given Masonic burial by his home lodge at Lancaster on June 4.' Four thousand persons attended the funeral.

James I. Buchanan (1853-1) Business executive and authority路 on Masonic history, literature and doctrines. b. Aug. 3, 1853 at Hamilton, Ont., Canada, settling in Pennsylvania in James Buchan'an (1791-1868) Fif- 1877. He was at one time president of teenth President of the United States the Pittsburgh Trust Co., and Pitts(1857..61). b. April 23, 1791 near Mer- burgh Terminal Warehouse & Transcersburg, Pat He was U.S. minister fer Co. Raised in Strict Observance to Russia from 1832-34, U.S. senator Lodge at Hamilton, Onto on Aug. 17, from Pennsylvania 1934-45, secretary 1875. Knighted in Talbot Commandof state in Polk's cabinet 1845-49 and ery No. 43, K.T., Oil City, Pa. on July U.S. minister to England 1853-56. His 23, 1883 and received council degre路es undated petition to Lodge No. 43, in Mt. Moriah Council No.2, R. & Lancaster, Pa. stated that he resided S.M. at Pittsburgh on Dec. 3, 1883. in the borough of Lancaster, age 25 At time of his death he was dean of and was an attorney at law. One of路 the Northern SupremeCouncU AASR. the signers was Malton C. Rogers q.'V. who was later secretary of the John P. Buchanan Former GoverCommonwealth of Pennsylvania and nor of Tennessee. Member of Charles for 25 years a justice of the supreme Fuller Lodge No. 412, Rutherford Co., court of that state. Buchanan was Tenn. which was later Mt. Moriah initiated Dec. 11, 1816 by John Reyn- Lodge No. 18, of Murfreesboro. olds, passed and raised Jan. 24, 1817 by George Whitaker. On Dec. 13, George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buck1820 he was elected junior warden ingham (1628-1687) b. Jan. 30, 1628. and on Dec. 7, 1822 unanimously A questionable character whom Dryelected master. On Dec. 27, 1823 he den described as the "epitome of was appointed as the first district mankind" and Dr. Anderson stated deputy grand master of that district. was the grand master of England in On March 10,1858 he donated $100 to 1674. He joined the Royalists in 1640 the lodge and was elected an "honor- and served under Prince Rupert, later ary" member, the record book being joining Lord Holland's rising in Surchanged from "life" to "honorary." rey in 1648. He engaged in a series of On May 15, 1865 he attended a special intrigues and caused much scandal meeting of No. 43 which was his last by his personal immorality. He was attendance. A history of Perseverance attacked in parliament as a promotLodge No. 21, Hamsburg, Pat states er of popery and arbitrary governthat Buchanan never failed to visit ment, and dismissed from office in Perseverance路 during the earlier days 1674. Remembered as Simri in Dry-


James T. Buckley

signing from U.S. Army in 1855. He was inspector general of Kentucky from 1860-61 and at start of Civil War was made brigadier general, advancing through major general to lieutenant general in 1864. Was prisoner of war for two months in 1862. Governor of Kentucky in 1887-91. He was a candidate for vice president of the United States on the "Gold Ticket" in 1896. d. Jan. 8, 1914. Listed as a Freemason in the Grand Lodge of Kentucky proceedings of 1891.

den's Absalom and Achitophel and a figure in Scott's Peveri! of the Peak. A poet and author, himself, his best known is the burlesque, The Rehear'sal (1671). d. April 16, 1687. James T. Buckley President of PhUco Corp. b. Oct. 13, 1896 at Philadelphia, Pa. Began as a laboratory assistant with Philco in 1912, rising as chief draftsman, assistant engineer, general purchasing agent, treasurer and president from 1939-43. Chairman of executive committee since 1943 and chairman of the board since 1949. Member of Palestine Lodge No. 470, Philadelphia; Germantown Chapter No. 208, and 32째 AASR (NJ) all of Philadelphia.

Alexander Buckner ( 1785 -1833 ) U.S. Senator from Missouri and first grand master of Indiana in 1818. b. in Jefferson Co., Ky., he practiced law in Charlestown, Ind. as early as 1812. He was probably raised in Union Lodge No. 29, Madison, Ind. for he demitted from there on May 6, 1816, affiliating with Blazing Star Lodge No.3, Charleston, Indiana Territory and by 1818 was a past master of that lodge. Shortly after serving as the first grand master of Indiana (1818) he moved to Missouri. While grand master he engaged in a duel with another Mason, Col. Thomas H. Blake. In Missouri he became the first master of Unity Lodge No.6, Jackson, Mo. He was a member of Missouri's state constitutional convention of 1820 and served several terms in the state legislature. Was U.S. Senator from 1831 until his death on June 6, 1833. Simon Bolivar Buckner (1823-1914) Lieutenant General in Confederate Army and Governor of Kentucky. b. in Hart Co., Ky. April 1, 1823. Served with distinction in war with Mexico being advanced from 2nd lieut. to captain. Taught at West Point, re-

Frederick G. Budlong (1881-1953) Protestant Episcopal bishop of Connecticut. b. July 10, 1881 at Camden, N.Y. Ordained deacon and priest in 1907, serving churches in St. Paul, Minn., Winnetka, Ill., Chicago, Pittsburgh and Greenwich, Conn. until 1931 when he was consecrated bishop.. coadjutor of Connecticut and bishop in 1934. Mason. d. Sept. 25, 1953. Buffalo Bill Cody)

(S,ee William F.

Howard Buffett U.S. Congressman, 78th to 80th Congresses (1943-49) from 2nd Nebr. dist. b. Aug. 13, 1903 at Omaha, Nebr. Began as journalist and bond salesman. President of Buf.. fett & Co. since 1931 and South Omaha Feed Co. since 1938. Mason, 32 0 AASR and Shriner. Raised in Covert Lodge No. 11, Omaha, Nebr. in 1930; 32째 and KCCH in AASR (SJ) at Omaha and past master of Mt. Moriah Lodge of Perfection. Past president of Omaha Square and Compass Club, m.ember of Tangier Shrine Temple, Omaha. Charles H. Buford President of C.M. St.P. & P. Railroad. b. Feb. 5, 1886 at Newport, Ark. Graduated from Univ. of Arkansas in 1907. Started with the C.M. St.P. & P. as engineer of track elevation in 1907 and worked way up to presidency in May, 1947. Was vice president of Operations and Maintenance Dept. of


Ole B. Bull

the Association of American Railroads from 1939-46. Member of Ottumwa Lodge No. 16, Ottumwa, la.; 32 0 AASR (SJ) at Sioux City, Ia. and member of Zorah Shrine Temple, Terre Haute, Ind.

Member of El Kalah Shrine Temple; 32째 AASR (SJ) at Salt Lake City. Chief Crazy Bull Great grandson of Sitting Bull is said to have been a member of Suffolk Lodge No. 60, Port Jefferson, N.Y.

Rivers H. Buford Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Florida. b. Jan. 18,

Daniel F. Bull President of the Cream of Wheat Corp. b. at Grand Forks, N.D. in 1886. Graduated from Univ. of North Dakota in 1906. In engineering ITom 1908-18 when he became associated with the Cream of Wheat Corp. as assistant general manager and has been president and general manager since 1940. Director of a number of large corporations. Mason.

1878 at Pulaski, Tenn. Admitted to Florida bar in 1900. Served in many public capacities, as prosecuting attorney, state's attorney, and attorney general of the state (1921-25), resigning to be appointed supreme court justice and has served on the court since that date. Was chief justice from 1931-33 and 1943-45. Mason and Shriner. Johann Gottlieb BuhIe (1753-1821) Professor of philosophy in the University of Gottingen, who, although not a Freemason, published a work in 1804 entitled Origin and the Principal Events of the Order of Rosicrucianism and Freemasonry. His theory was that Freemasonry was invented in the year 1629 by John Valentine Andrea q.v.

William F. Bulkley


Episcopal Archdeacon for Utah, (1924-49). Now retired. b. April 21,

1881 at Tashua, Conn. Ordained deacon in 1908 and subsequently, priest, and general missionary. Raised in Wasatch Lodge No.1, Salt Lake City, Utah in 1916 and presently member of Story Lodge No.4, Provo, Utah. Member of Utah Chapter No.1, R.A.M. and past grand high priest of the Grand Chapter of Utah in 1927; Utah Council No.1, and past grand illustrious master in 1942; Utah Commandery No.1, K.T. and past grand generalissimo of Grand Commandery of Utah in 1928. Served as master of his lodge, president of Order of High Priesthood, master of Order of Silver Trowel; prior of K.Y.C.H. and presently prelate of national K.Y.C.H.

Harold R. Bull Lieutenant General, U.S. Army. b. Jan. 6, 1893 at Springfield, Mass. Graduate of U.S. Military Academy in 1914. Served in WW1 with 3rd Division, A.E.F. In WW2 he was with the Allied Force Headquarters in North Africa (1943), conunanding general of the III Corps (1943); assistant chief of staff, G-3, Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force, 1943-45; deputy chief of staff and chief of staff U.S. Forces, European theater (1945-46). Received rank of lieutenant general in 1949. Mason and National Sojourner. Ole B. Bull (1810-1880) Famed Norwegian violinist. b. Feb. 5, 1810 in Bergen, Norway. Studied under Spohr and P'aganini and toured as virtuoso throughout the world. Made five tours through North America (1843-79) and eventually spent each summer in America and the winters in Norway. In 1852 he attempted to found a Norwegian colony in Pennsylvania, but he had been deceived by land titles and lost a fortune. His own lodge is not knovvn, but he was a visitor to St. Cecile Lodge No. 568 of New York City in March, 1868 and the Lodge of St. Andrew in Massachusetts. His business manager in this


Egbert F. Bullene country was Fred Widdows, past master of Clinton Lodge No. 453, N.Y. On Oct. 30, 1845 Bull gave a concert for the Masonic Hall and Asylum Fund of the Grand Lodge of New York which netted $1,400. d. Aug. 18, 1880.

Nile Shrine Temples in the Philip.. pines in 1922.. 23.

Egbert F. Bullene Brigadier General, U.S. Army. b. Jan. 25, 1895 at Salinas, Calif. A graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy in 1917, he was commissioned that year and advanced through grades to general officer in 1943. During WW1 he was a battalion commander in 4th Division. In 1944 he commanded a joint AmericanBritish secret Army-Navy project. Served in European and Pacific theaters in 1945. He was a member of the military commission that tried and convicted General Yamashita. Mason.

H. Edmund Bullis b. July 24, 1888 at Manlius, N.Y. Engaged in chamber of commerce organization 1910-17. Sent by General Leonard Wood q.1). on special mission to rulers of IndoChina, Siam, Malay, Borneo 1922-23. Chief of Organized Reserve Section, General Staff, U.S. Army, 1924-27. Active in associations for mental hygiene, dementia praecox and human relations. Served in both world wars. In WW2 he was on claims commission for England, French Morocco, North Africa, Sicily, Italy. Author of several volumes including The Land of Masonic Romance' and Human Relations in Action. Raised in Fredericksburg Lodge No.4, of Va. in 1910; member of Lake Ontario Chapter No. 165, R.A.M. at Oswego, N.Y. and Lake Ontario Commandery, K.T. of same city. 32 0 AASR (NJ) in Wilmington~ D'el.; Media Shrine Temple of Watertown, N.Y.; past president of DuPont Chapter of National Sojourners; organizing president of Rockefeller Square Club in N.Y.C. (1935); served as ceremonial director for Afifi and

Archibald Bulloch (1730 . . 1777) President of Georgia, holding that office in 1776-77 just before the state constitution came into existence. b. in Charleston, S. Car. he studied law, was admitted to the bar and settled in Georgia. In 1772 he became speaker of the commons house and in 1775 was elected a member of the provincial congress, and became its president. The next year he was again elected and presided over the second provincial congress and was sent as a delegate to the Continental Congress at Philadelphia. He missed sign.. ing the Declaration of Independence as he was in Georgia at the time. His son, William B. q.v. was later a U.S. Senator from Georgia. Member of Solomons Lodge No.1, Savannah. William B. Bulloch (1776-1852) U.S. Senator from Georgia. b. in Savannah, he was the son of Archibald Bulloch q.v. Became a prominent lawyer and in 1809 was elected mayor of Savannah. Subsequently he was collector of the port. Served in War of 1812 in Savannah heavy artillery. Appointed U.S. Senator to fill a vacant term and served in year 1813. His lodge is not known, but prob-ably was Solomon's No.1, Savannah. He wrote an address on Masonry about 1810-15 and the original copy is in the House 'of the Temple, Washington.

Edward G. E. Bulwer-Lytton (18031873) First Baron Lytton of Knebworth and brother of Sir Henry Bul.. wer. English novelist and politician. His first novel was Faulkland (1827) followed by Pelham (1828). He was a member of Parliament from 183141 during which time he produced three plays, The Lady oj Lyo1t8, Richelieu, and Mcmey. Returning to politics he was a member of parlia-


John Bunyan ment from 1852-66 and colonial secretary 1858-59. Created baron in 1866. Among his historical and romantic novels are Eugene Ar'am (1832), The Last Days of Pompeii (1834) and Rienzi (1835) on which Wagner's opera of the same name is based. Among his poems is The W orrld May Rail at Masonry. Mason. Alfred L. Bulwinkle U.S. Congressman, 67th to 70th Congresses (1921-29) and 72nd to 81st Congresses (1931-51) from 11th N. Car. district. b. April 21, 1883 at Charlestown, S. Car. Admitted to bar in 1904. Served overseas as major in WW1. Member of executive board of United Lutheran Church in America. Mason. Horace A. Bumby Manufacturing executive. b. Aug. 22, 1890 at Burnett,

Wis. President and general manager of Speed Queen Corp., Ripon, Wis. since 1940. P'resident and director of Ripon Foods, Inc., since 1930. Officer and director of several corporations. Mason.

Edward Buncombe (? -1777) Colonel in American Revolution. b. in the West Indies, he was educated in England and inherited a large estate. Came to America in 1776, settling in Tyrrel Co., N. Car. He raised and commanded the 5th N. Car. regiment and fought in the battles of Brandywine and Germantown, b'eing wounded and taken prisoner in the latter, dying of wounds at Philadelphia. In 1791 his name was given to a county in N. Car. The Americanism "speaking for Buncombe," signifying any speech made solely to please a constituency, is derived from a congressional representative from that county who was in the habit of making speeches to which no one listened. One day, observing many members were leaving the house, he declared that he did not care how many lefthe was not speaking to them, but to

Buncombe! Buncombe was a member o£ Unanimity Lodge No.7 at Edenton, N. Car. His degree dates were May 16, May 26, June 3, 1776. Charles E. Bunnell First president of University of Alaska. b. Jan. 12, 1878 at Dimock, Pa. Received A.B., A.M. and LL.D. from Bucknell Univ. Arrived in Alaska in 1900 and taught school, being admitted to bar in 1908.. Appointed judge of U.S. District Court, 4th Division, serving 1915-21.. First president of Alaska Agricultural College and School of Mines (now Univ. o£ Alaska) from 1922-35 and president of the Univ. of Alaska from 1935. Mason.

George A. Bunting President of Noxzema Chemical Co. b. April 3, 1870 at Bishopville, Md. A.B. and A.M. from Washington College, Md. and Ph.G. from Univ. of Maryland School of Pharmacy. First with public schools '0£ Bishopville, Md. as principal then proprietor of Bunting's Drug Store in Baltimore (1902-22) where he originated the Noxzema formula in 1914. Established the Noxzema Co. in 1917 and was president until 1949, being chairman of the board since that time. Mason, 32° AASR and Shriner. John Bunyan (1628-1688) Preacher and most celebrated allegorical writer o£ England. b. at Elstow, near Bedford, he served ·in the Parliamentary army from 1644-46. Moved by two devotional books of his wife's, he gave up amusements and swearing and joined the nonconformist church in Bedford in 1653. He began to preach in 1657 and published his first writings against the Quakers in 1656. Served 12 years (1660-72) in prison for preaching without a license. Wrote nine books while in prison. During a short imprisonment in 1675 he is supposed to have written the immortal Pilgrim's Progress, published


Luther Burbank tioned at West Point and commanded the troops that took over New York City from the British on Nov. 25, 1783. He was discharged from service in 1784 but re-entered the army and was in command of his birthplace, Castle William in 1786. He served again at West Point, building Ft. St. Tam.. many and was with Wayne in the Luther Burbank (1849-1926) Hor- Northwest Territory in 1792. In 1800 he ticulturist and naturalist. b. March was named Chief of Artillerists and 7, 1849 at Lancaster, Mass. Spent his Engineers and recommended the estabboyhood on the farm and became lishment of a military school for interested in plant life at an early training cadets that later developed age. He moved to Santa Rosa, Calif. into the U.S. Military Academy at in 1875 where he established Bur- West Point. When the Corps of Enbank's Experimental Farms. The first gineers was created in 1801, Burbeck practical result of his experiments was its first chief. In the War of 1812 was the Burbank potato. Others were he commanded the harbor defenses of a :r.apid-growing, edible, thornless cac- New York, New London and New.. tus; 11 types of plums and four types port. It is no doubt that under his of prunes; a new fruit, the ('plumcot"; instructions volunteer working part.. Peachblow, Burbank and Santa Rosa ies of Freemasons marched to those roses; gigantic forms of amaryllis, ti- several sites where earthworks were gridian, the Shasta daisy and various raised under the name of Fort Hiram, new apples, peaches, nuts, berries, Fort Masonic, etc. Burbeck retired trees, fruits, flowers, grasses, grains in 1815 as a brigadier general. He was and vegetables. Burbank was raised a member of St. John's Lodge, Bos.. in Santa Rosa Lodge No. 57 on Au- ton, as was his father. In the spring gust 13, 1921 and coroneted an honor- of 1792 he commanded a force sent ary 33 0 AASR (SJ) on Oct. 20, 1925. to Fort Recovery, Ohio to bury over d. April 11, 1926. 200 Americans that had fallen there on Nov. 4 of the preceding year under Henry Burbeck (1754-1848) Foun- General St. Clair when the Miami der of West Point, soldier of the Rev- Indians overwhelmed them. At his olution and War of 1812. b. June 8,. direction they were all buried in a 1754 at Castle William in Boston har- common grave and both military and bor. His father, William, was com- Masonic ceremonies were given over manding officer of Castle William and the grave. d. Oct. 2, 1848. as senior grand warden of St. John's Provincial Grand Lodge in Boston, Thomas G. Burch (1869-1951) U.S. he had signed the warrant for Ameri- Congressman, 72nd to 77th Congresscan Union Lodge. Henry was com- es (1931-43) from 5th Virginia dist. missioned as lieutenant of artillery in b. July 3, 1869 in Henry Co., Va. In May, 1775 and his commission was banking business. u.s. Marshal Westsigned by Joseph Warren q.v. He ern Dist. of Va. from 1914-21. Mason served under such famous artillery- and Shriner. d. March 20, 1951. men (and Masons) as Gridley, Knox and Crane q.1). In the Revolution Clark Burdick (1868-1948) U.S. he was at the battles of Long Island, Congressman 66th to 72nd Congresses Brandywine and Germantown, win- (1919-33) from 1st R.I. dist. b. Jan. tering at Valley Forge. He was sta- 13, 1868 at Newport, R.I. Practiced

in 1678.. Although it is not known whether he was a Freemason or not, his little-known work Solomon's Temple Spiritualized contains so much Masonic phraseology and dogma that it would be hard to believe that he did not have some knowledge of the Craft.


Haslett P. Burke century. In opposing the despotic powers of the Spanish friars, he was on the side of many Masons, who while they were in accord with the spiritual side of the Catholic Church, resisted the subjugation of the people under the cloak of religion. For this, he with two other priests were put to death Feb. 17, 1872 by garroting.

law at Newport from 1894. Served as city solicitor, mayor, and in the state house and senate. Mason and 32째 AASR. d. Aug. 27, 1948.

Usher L. Burdick U.S. Congressman 74th to 78th and 8Ist to 84th Congresses from North Dakota at large. b. Feb. 21, 1879 at Owatonna, .Minn., he was raised among the Sioux Indians. Received law degree from Univ. of Minnesota and admitted to N. Dak. bar in 1904. He has been a member of the N. Dak. house, speaker of the house, lieutenant governor, states attorney and assistant federal attorney of N. Dak. Author of several books including The Last Battle of the Sioux Nation (1928), Tragedy in the Great Sioux Camp (1939), and Tales from Buffalo Land (1940). Member of Mt. Moriah Lodge No. 51, Williston, N. Dak. Dimitted from York and Scottish Rite.

Andrew H. Burke Former Governor of North Dakota. Mason, 33째 AASR (SJ).

Gottfried A. Burger ( 1 7 4 7-1 7 9 4 ) German romantic poet and writer of

ballads. Translated Homer and Shakespeare. His ballad Lenore (1773) is considered to be his masterpiece. Also wrote Die Kuh (1784), Der Wilde Jager (1785), DeT Kaiser und deT Abt (1785) and Lenardo una Blandine. Edited the first German version of Baron Munchausen. Was initiated in 1775. William O. Burgin (?-1946)


Congressman 76th to 78th Congresses

(1939-45) from 8th N. Car. <list. b. at Marion, N. Car. Practiced law in Lexington. Served in N. Car. house and senate. Mason. d. April 11, 1946. Father Jose Burgos (?-1872) CathoUe priest, who although not a Freemason, had a Scottish Rite chapter of Rose Croix. named for him-Burgos Chapter, Manila, Philippines. A liberal-minded native priest, he campaigned vigorously for reforms in religion and government in the Philippines in the second half of the 19th

Edmund Burke (1729-179'7) British statesman and orator who gained fame by favoring the cause of the American colonies. b. in Dublin of Protestant father and Catholic mother, he was brought up a P:rotestant. He abandoned legal studies for writing. Became a member of Parliament in 1765 and gained high position among the Whigs through his eloquence on the American question. Delivered a nine-day speech for the impeachment of Warren Hastings. Advocated abolishment of the slave trade, advocated free trade with Ireland and emancipationof Catholics; denounced use of Indians in American war. He was thought to be a member of J erusalem Lodge No. 44, Clerkenwell, London which was sometimes referred to as "Burke's Lodge." Burke championed John Wilkes q.v. when he was imprisoned for libel, writing the political pamphlet Thoughts on the Present Discontents in his defense. It is significant that members of Jerusalem Lodge No. 44 went to the King's Bench Prison on March 3, 1769 and made John Wilkes a Mason. d. July 9, 179'7. Edward R. Burke Former U.S. 'Senator from Nebraska. Member of Omaha Lodge No. 288, Omaha, Nebr. receiving his Scottish Rite (8J) in 1927 and KCCH on Oct. 17, 1933. Haslett P. Burke Chief Justice, S,upreme Court of Colorado. b. April


Elmer J. Burkett 1916. Member of Augusta Lodge No. 141, Augusta, Me.

28, 1874 in Monona Co., Iowa. Admitted to bar and moved to Colorado in 1896. Served as clerk in district court of Logan Co. and then as district judge from 1907-19. Served as judge of the supreme court from 1919 until voluntary retirement in 1949. He was chief justice in 1927, 1937, 1938. Declined appointment as U.S. Senator in 1941. Served in Spanish American War. Self educated, the first time he ever set foot on a campus of higher learning was· to deliver the commencement address, and the first time he entered the door of a law school was as a teacher of constitutional law. Raised in Sterling Lodge No. 34 in 1903 and elected master three months later. He was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Colorado in 1920-21. Received 32° AASR (SJ) in 1905, KCCH in 1909; 33° in 1914 and GCCH in 1939. Appointed deputy in Colorado in 1940; crowned active member in 1941 and in 1955 elected as lieutenant grand commander of the Southern Jurisdiction. d.

Albert S. Burleson (1863-1937) Postmaster General of U.S. b. June 7, 1863 at San Marcos, Tex. Received degrees from Baylor Univ. and Univ. of Texas and admitted to bar in 1885. Member of 56.th to 62nd Congresses (1899-1903) from 9th Texas dist. Also congressman from 10th dist. in 1903.13. Resigned from 63rd Congress to accept postmaster generalship in cabinet of President Wilson, serving from 19'13-21. Member of the Masonic bodies of Austin, Texas. d. Nov. 24, 19'37.


Edward Burleson Vice President of Republic of Texas. Member of Clinton Lodge No. 54, Bolivar, Tenn. Initiated March 2'2, 1826. Anson Burlingame


U.S. Minister to China. b,. Nov. 14, 1820 in New Berlin, N.Y. Graduated from Harvard law school in 1846 and practiced in Boston, serving in the

1957. Elmer J. Burkett (1867-1935)

U.S. Senator from Nebraska. b. Dec. 1, 1867 in Mills Co., Iowa. LL.B. and LL.M. from Univ. of Nebraska and entered law practice in 1891 at LincoIn, Nebr. Member of the Nebraska lower house for one term and U.S. Congressman, 56th to 59th Congresses (1899-1905) from 1st Nebr. dist. U.S. Senator 1905-11. Mason and 32 0 AASR. d. May 23, 1935. Edwin C. Burleigh (1843-1916) U.S. Senator and Governor of Maine. b. Nov. 27, 1843 at Linneus, Me. Taught school and was land surveyor in early life, later p,ublisher of the Kennebec Journal (1887 on). He was state treasurer £rom 1885-88 and governor of Maine 1889-92. A memb,er of the u.S. Congresses, 1897-1911 from 3rd Maine dist. and U.S. Senator 1913' until death on June 16,

state senate and a member of the state constitutional convention. U.S. Congressman to 34th, 35th and 36th Congresses, he was one of the founders of the Republican party in 1855. He gained national fame when he denounced the assault by Preston S. Brooks on Senator Sumner over the slavery question, and when Brooks challenged him to a duel, he promptly accepted, naming rifles as the weapons and the place to be Navy island above Niagara Falls. Brooks backed down. President Lincoln appointed him as minister to Austria, hut the government refused to receive him as he had spoken in favor of Hun.. garian independence. He was then named minister to China in which capacity he served with distinction and in 1867 Prince Kung, regent of China,. named him as special envoy to the United States and European powers to frame treaties of amity With


William Burnet those nations. It became known as the "Burlingame Treaty." He died in St. Petersburg, Russia on Feb. 23, 1870 while completing his mission for China. He was made a Freemason in Amicable Lodge, Cambridge, Mass. on Jan. 5, 1854.

mitted April 13, 1842 and there is no later Masonic record of him. He was defeated for presidency in 1841 by Sam Houston q.v. and was first secretary of state under Governor Henderson q.v. He then retired to his farm and died Dec. 5, 1870. His brother Jacob q.'V. was U.S. Senator from Ohio and deputy grand master of the Grand Lodge of Ohio.

David G. Burnet (1788-1870) President of Texas, soldier of fortune, lawyer, jurist. b. April 1, 1788 at Newark, N.J., son of Dr. William Burnet, Jacob Burnet (1770-1853) U.S. first master of Nova Caesarea Lodge Senator from Ohio, pioneer jurist and No. 10, Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1806 he political figure. b. Feb. 22, 177() at joined the liberator Miranda q.v. Newark, N.J., son of Dr. William on the ship Leander in an attempt to q.v. and brother of David G. q.v. free Venezuela, and was with him Graduated at Princeton in 1791 and again in 1808 on another attempt. in 1796 was admitted to the bar and Afterwards studied law at Newark. settled in Ohio where he became a On Nov. 24, 1813 he petitioned St. leading citizen. In 1799 he was apJohn's Lodge of Newark and the pointed to the legislative council of minutes of Dec. 8, 1813 state that his the Northwest Territory and was acpetition was laid over for further tive in forming the state government. consideration. Failing in health, he In 1812 he was a member of the state drifted to the plains in 1817 and lived legislature and judge of the supreme with the Comanches for two years.. court in 1821-28. From 1828-31 he He returned to Ohio where his family served Ohio as u.S. Senator. He was lived and then to Louisiana where he first president of the colonizing 80practiced law for six years. He mi- ciety of Cincinnati. In 179'9 -1801 he grated to Texas in 1826 and in 1833 was master of Nova Caesarea Lodge he wrote the document sent by the No. 10 (now N.C. Harmony, No.2) convention of American settlers to at Cincinnati. His father was first the Mexican government. In 1834 he master of this lodge. He also is listed was appointed one of the first three in the grand lodge proceedings as a district judges of Texas. When Texas past master of Scioto Lodge No.6. declared her independence from Mex- A Royal Arch Mason, he was deputy ieo on March 2, 1836, Burnet was grand master of the Grand Lodge chosen as the first president of the of Ohio in 1810-12 and at one time Republic to serve until the adoption served as grand orator of that body. of a constitution which took place on d. May 10, 1853. Oct. 22, 183'6. During his eight months as president many important events William Burnet (1730-1791) Piooccurred including the Battle of the neer physician, member of ContinenAlamo, Goliad and San Jacinto as tal Congress of 1776. b. Dec. 13, 1730 well as the capture of Santa Anna at Newark, N.J., he was the son of q.'V. In 1838 he was elected vice a physician who came from Scotland. president, and was president in 1840 Two of his six sons became faduring the illness of President La- mous, David G. q.v. being the first mar. It was while vice president that President of Texas and Jacob q.v., he was initiated in Holland Lodge U.S. Senator from Ohio. He graduated No.1 of Houston the dates being Jan. from Princeton in 1749-the school's 18, Jan. 24, and May 21, 1839. He de- second year. He was a member of 157 1

George H. Burnett

Congress in 1780-81. From 1776 until the close of the war, he was surgeon general of the eastern district of the United States. When the grand lodge of New Jersey chartered Nova Caesarea Lodge No. 10 at Cincinnati on Sept. 8, 1791 he was named as first master. Shortly after this (Oct. 7, 179'1) he died. George H. Burnett (1853-1927) Justice, Supreme Court of Oregon from 1892-1911. b,. May 9, 1853 in Yamhill Co., Oreg. Practiced law at Salem, Oreg. 1876-92 and then路 served as district attorney, court reporter and circuit judge. Mason. d. Sept. 10, 19'27. James Burnett (Lord Monboddo) q.v. (1714-1799) Scottish judge and pioneer anthropologist. Samuel Johnson visited him in 1773. He was the author of The Origin and Progress of Language (1773-92) which brought man into affinity with orangutans and traced elevation or man to a social state as a natural process. The Bulletin of the International Masonic Congress (1917) states that he was a Freemason.

Henry E. Burnham (1844-1917) U.S. Senator from New Hampshire. b. Nov. 8, 1844 at Dunbarton, N.H. Graduate of DartInouth in 1867 and admitted to bar in 1868. Held several political offices and was u.s. SenatoT from 1901-13. A member of Washington Lodge No. 61, Manchester, he was grand master of the Grand Lodge of New Hampshire in 1885. A 33掳 AASR (NJ). d. Feb. 8, 1917.

Commerce Bank; from 1927-30, vice president of Bank of Italy; and from 1930-32, vice president of its succes.. sor, the Bank of America. Past grand commander, Grand Commandery, K.T. of Calif. d. June, 19:39'.

Lord Burnham (Edward Frederick Lawson) English peer and managing director of the London Daily Tele.. grap,h, founded by his family. He was educated at Eaton and Oxford and served with distinction in WWl, receiving the D.S.O. In WW2 he was recalled to service as a major general and appointed director of public rela.. tions in 1941 at the War Office. He was senior military adviser to the Ministry of Infonnation, remaining in that capacity long after the end of the war. As Edward Frederick Lawson, he succeeded his father to the barony in 1943 at the latter's death. In 1942 he was junior grand warden of the Grand Lodge of England and since 1944 Masonic ruler of the Province of Buckinghamshire. Wilbur H. Burnham Artist and designer of stained glass windows. b. Feb. 4, 1887 at Boston, Mass. Studied both at home and abroad, beginning as designer of stained glass in 1906. Has designed scores of church, cathedral and memorial windows ineluding Cathedral of St. John the Divine, Washington Cathedral, Riverside Church (N.Y.), Princeton Univ. Chapel, Rollins College (Fla.) Chapel, Univ. of Southern Calif. Chapel, Belleau Chapel, France, American Church of Paris. Mason.

Bob Burns (1890-1956) Actor and George Burnham (1868-1939) U.S. Congressman, 73rd and 74th Con- humorist. b. Aug. 2, 1890 at Van gresses (1933'-37). b. Dec. 28, 1868 in Buren, Ark. Attended the Univ. of London, England. Came to United Arkansas but did not graduate. StartStates in 1881 and naturalized in 1890. ed his professional career on vaude.. Began as a clerk in store, became ville stage in 1911, but gained his engaged in ranching and real estate fame through homely philosophy in and banking. From 1917-27 was vice movies and particularly radio. His president of the Southern Truce & famous homemade musical instrument


Aaron Burr

the "bazooka" was immortalized in WW2, with the infantry rocket launchwO er being given that name. Mason. d. Feb. 2, 1956.

gree in St. Ebbe Lodge at Eyemouth, Scotland. Although Robert Ainslie who was exalted at the same time paid one guinea dues, the minute-s testify "but on account of R. B:urns' remarkable poetical genius, the encampment unanimously agreed to, admit him gratis" and considered themselves "honoured by having a man of such shining ab-ilities as one of their Companions." He wrote several Masonic poems including "Farewell to the Brethren of St. James Lodge, Tarbolton" and "The Freemasons' Apron." d. July 21, 1796.

Gilbert Burns (? -1827) Brother of Scottish poet, Robert Burns q.v'. who together farmed 118 acres at Mossgiel, Scotland. Raised in St. J ames Lodge, No. 178 Tarbolton on March 1, 1786. d. April 27, 1827. Robert Burns (1759-1796)


national poet. b. Jan. 25, 1759 at Allo1

way, near Ayr, the son of a gardener. He first worked as a farm laborer and

from 1784-88 farmed with his brother Gilbert q.v. on 118 acres at Mossgiel where he wrote some of his best poems. Constantly plagued with financial trouble and affairs of the heart, he determined to go to Jamaica as a plantation overseer, but when the edition of poems he published to raise his fare became a success, he decided to stay and moved to Edinburgh where he was lionized by literary circles. He was made a Freemason in St. David's Lodge No. 174 at Tarbolton, 'Scotland being initiated on July 4, 1781 and passed and raised O'ct. 1, same year. He was one of those who withdrew from the lodge in 1782 and constituted St. James Lodge No. 178 in the same town. On July 27, 1784 he was made deputy master of the lodge and held that office until 1788. He was made an honorary member of St. John's Lodge No. 22, Kilmarnock, Scotland on Oct. 26, 1786. He was also a member of the Loudoun Kilwinning Lodge No. 51, Newmilns, Scotland. On Feb. 1, 1787, he became a member of the famous Lodge- Canongate Kilwinning No.2 at Edinburgh and was made poet laureate of the lodge on March 1, 1787. While on a visit to 'St. Andrew's Lodge No. 179, DumÂŁries, Scotland on Dec. 27, 1788 the brethren "assumed" him as a member of that lodge. On May 19, 1787 he received the Royal Arch de-

Robert E. Burns President of College of the Pacific. b. Ju1y 26, 1909 at Flat River, Mo. Received A.B. and A.M. from College of the Pacific and LL.D. ÂŁromWillamette Univ. Began as field secretary of College of the Pacific in 1931, later becoming alumni and placement secretary, registrar, assistant to president and has been president since 19:46. Raised Jan. 20, 1945 in San Joaquin Lodge No. 19, exalted Oct. 29, 1952 in Stoekton Chapter No. 28, R.A.M.; greeted in Stockton Council No. 10, R. & S,.M. Oct. 29, 1952 and knighted in Stockton Commandery No.8, K.T. Dec. 1, 1953. Received 32 ~SR (8J) Nov. 18, 19'45. Served as grand chaplain, Grand Lodge of California in 1955 and grand high prelate, Red Cross of Constantine, 1956-57. 0

Aaron Burr (1756-1836) American Revolutionary officer; third vice-president of the United States. He fell into disrepute by killing Alexander Hamilton in a duel (1804) and later by conspiring to seize territory from Spanish America to create a new rep,ublic in the Southwest. In spite of the fact that many authorities have claimed he was a Mason, there is not a shred of proof as to his membership. It is true that many of his close associates were Freemasons. He is often confused with another contempolrary


Jonathan Burrall

been active in 'Support of British on accession of George 1. He was removed and succeeded by Sir Richard Everard on April 7, 1725 as being "ignorant and profligate." He was ordered tried for his actions but did not appear at the trial and left for England. Although removed in 1730, he was again sent to North Carolina as governor, in Feb., 1731. Again he conducted himself with want of prudence and when he learned that the chief justice of the colony had been sent to England to protest against him, he left in April, 1734 for the British Isles. Shortly after his arrival, he was found murdered one morning in St. James' Park, London. He was a member of the lodge at the "King's Arms on New Bond Street" in London and his name also appears on the list of members of "Bear and Harrow in Butcher Roe," London in 1730. Murdered in London, F'eb. 22, 1759.

"Aaron Burr" who was a member of Union Lodge No. 40, Danbury, Conn., being initiated June 13, passed Ju1y 3 and raised Sept. 13, 1806. That summer Burr was in New Jersey with his daughter and left for the Southwest in Sept. of that year. There is also a record of "Aaron Burr" visiting Western Star Lodge No. 107 at Kaskaskia, ill. on April 4, 1812. At this time he was either in England or aboard the ship Aurora. which reached Boston in May, 1812. During the Anti-Masonic period, those opposed to the Craft associated Burr's name with the fraternity as a traitor who used the Craft to further his plans. The following from an address in 1829' before a citizens meeting in Philadelphia is indicative of the times: "It was the key of the Royal Arch degree which was used by the celebrated Aaron Burr, in conducting his correspondencies, during his treasonable conspiracies against our liberties. That arch intriguer travelled over the United States; visited the Lodges and Chapters; communicated his private designs where the members were bound by oath to conceal the disclosures of their brethren." d. Sept. 14, 1836.

Harry E. Burroughs (1890-1946) Lawyer and founder of the Burroughs Newsboys Foundation, a charitable organization for the benefit of newsboys, shoeblacks, etc. b. April 15, 1890 in Kashoffka, Russia. Received degrees from Suffolk Law School and Boston Univ., being admitted to Mass. bar in 1912 taking up practice in Boston. Mason and 32 0 AASR. d. Dec. 18, 1946.

Jonathan Durrall (1753-1834) Revolutionary soldier. Joined the northern army under Schuyler in 1776. He soon became assistant paymaster and at the close of the war he was on the commission to settle the accounts of the commissary and quartermaster departments. He was later assistant postmaster general and cashier of the U.S. branch bank of New York and manager of the New York state lotteries. Admitted to Masters' Lodge No. 2 at Albany, N.Y. in 1778. d. Nov. 18, 183'4. George Burrington (?-1759) Twice colonial governor of North Carolina under the British. First appointed on Jan. 15, 1724 because his father had

Julius C. Burrows (1837-1915) U.S. Senator from Michigan. b. Jan. 9', 1837 at Northeast, Pia. Began law practice in Kalamazoo, Mich. in 1861. Member of 43rd, 46th, 47th and 49th to 54th Congresses. U;S. Senator from 1895 to 1911. Was temporary chairman of the Republican National Convention in Chicago, 1908. Past master of Anchor Lodge of Strict Observance No. 87 at Kalamazoo and member of Kalamazoo Chapter, R.A.M. No. 13 and Peninsular Commandery No.8,' K.T. of same city. d. Nov. 16, 1915.


Robert Burton

Lansing Burrows (1843-1919)801dier and clergyman. Secretary of Southern Baptist Convention from 1881-1914. b. April 10, 1843' at Philadelphia, Pal and educated in Richmond College (Va.), Wake Forest College (N.C.), Princeton, Madison, Univ. Bethel College (Ky.). Served with C.S.A., enlisting in 1861, captured at Winchester, Va. in 1864. Ordained to Baptist ministry in 1867 serving churches in Mo., N.J., Ky., Ga. and Tenn. d. Oct. 17, 1H19. Mason.

brother of the same name represented Mount Morris Lodge No. 27 of Iredell Co., N.C. as well as Phalanx Lodge No. 31 at the grand lodge in 1809'. A ' brother of the same name is listed in the proceedings of 1805 as a representative of Philantropic Lodge of Tennessee (in Grand Lodge of Kentucky proceedings). To further complicate the matter, there was an "H. G. Burton" listed as a member of Royal White Hart Lodge No. 2 at Halifax, N.C. in the proceedings of 1836.

Calvin C. Burt Achieved prominence in the Rite of Memphis, b,ut was expelled from his lodge in Michigan,

said expulsion being confirmed by the Grand Lodge of Michigan when ap'pealed. Harold H. Burton Associate Justice, Supreme Court of United States. b. June 22:, 1888 at Jamaica Plain, Mass. Educated in Bowdoin College and Harvard Univ., practicing law in Cleveland, Ohio from 1912. Served as an officer in 9Ist Infantry Div. in WWl in France and Belgium. Acting mayor of Cleveland in 1931-32 and mayor from 19,35-40. Member of the· Ohio house of representatives in 1929 and U.S. Senator from Ohio from 1941-45. Associate Justice of Supreme Court of U.s. since Oct. 1, 1945. Member of Pythagoras Lodge No. 682 of Cleveland; 33° AASR (NJ) and member of AI Koran Shrine Temple, Cleveland. Hutchins G. Burton (?-1836) Former Governor of North Carolina. Grand master of North Carolina in 1826-27. Was governor in 1824-27. His lodge memberships are not clear. In 1803 there was a H., G. Burton as a member of Hiram Lodge No. 24, Williamsborough, N.C.; said brother represented this lodge at grand lodge in 1817. However there was another H.G. Burton a membero£ ,Phalanx Lodge No. 31, Charlotte, N.C. in 1813. A

John Hill Burton (1809-1881) Scottish historian. He achieved fame with his Life of David Hu,me in 1846 and was editor with Sir John Bowring, of Bentham's works. Made a Freemason in Glenkindil Lodge No. 333, Scotland on Aug. 17, 1827. Sir Richard F. Burton '(1821-1890) British explorer and writer. He joined the Indian army in 1842 and recorded his experiences in Scinde J or the Unhappy Valley in 1851. In 1853 he made a pilgrimage to Mecca disguised as p'athan, which he described in Personal Narrative (1855). With Speke, he explored 'Somaliland in 1854, Lake Tanganyika region in 1858 and accompanied Capt. Cameron to the Gold Coast in 1881. His First Footstep's in East Africa was published in 1856. He was British consul at Fernando Po, Damascus and Trieste from 1861-82. Member of Hope Lodge, Kurrachee, Scinde, India. Robert Burton (1747-1825) Quartermaster General of militia in American Revolution and member of the Continental Congresses from North Carolina from 1787-88. b. in Mecklenburg, Va. Oct. 20~ 1747, he was a planter, removing to Granville, S. Car. about 1775. In 1801 he was a member of the commission to fix the boundary between the Carolinas and Georgia. Memb,er of Hiram Lodge No.. 24 o£ Williamsborough, N. Car..


Theodore E. Burton Theodore E. Burton (1851-1929) U.S. Senator and Congressman from Ohio. b. Dec. 20, 1851 at Jefferson, O,hio. Graduate of Oberlin, heing ad.. mitted to bar in 1875 and practicing at Cleveland. Served in 51st, and 54th to 60th Congresses from 21st Ohio dist. Resigned from 61st Congress to be U.S. Senator from Ohio from 1909-15. Again served in 67th to 70th Congresses (1921-29) from 22nd Ohio dist. Member of Iris Lodge No. 229, Webb Chapter, R.A.M., Orion Commandery, K.T. and Al Koran Shrine Temple, all of Cleveland. d. Oct. 28, 1929.

tice, Supreme Court of Michigan and Sovereign Grand Commander of Scot.. tish Rite, Northern Jurisdiction. b. Nov. 4, 1887 at Roanoke, Va. Graduate of Virginia Poly. Inst. and D'etroit College of Law with honorary LL.D. degrees from Detroit College of Law, Wayne Dniv., Boston Univ., and Univ. of Michigan. His early years were spent as an advertising salesman from D'enver, Colorado to London, England. Later he was supervisor for Canada Life Assurance Co. of Toronto. In 1915 he was admitted to the Virginia bar in the following year to the Michigan bar. In 1933 he was elected justice of the Supreme Court of Michigan, and reelected until he resigned in 1954 to accept the chieftainship of the Northern Jurisdiction of the AASR, upon the retirement of Melvin M. Johnson q.v. He was raised in Taylor Lodge No. 23 at Salem, Va. in 1909 and served a's master of Sojourners Lodge No. 483 of Detroit in 1925. He received his 33° in 1924. Bushnell was a member of the Masonic Service Association European Conunittee sent abroad in 1945 to investigate the state of the Craft in Europe following the war.

William Burton Governor of Delaware for term starting 1861. Member of Temple Lodge No. 9 and deputy grand master of the Grand Lodge of D'elaware from 1851..52. Harlan J. Bushfield (1882-1948) U.S. Senator and Governor of South Dakota. b. Aug. 6, 1882 at Atlantic, Iowa. Graduate of Dakota Wesleyan Univ. and Univ. of Minn. Admitted to S. Dak. bar in 1904 and began practice in Miller. Served as governor of S. D'ak. £rom 1938-42 and U.S. Senator from 19'43. He was a member of St. Lawrence Lodge No. 39 at Miller, Oriental Consistory AASR at Yankton, La-Co-Tah Commandery K.T. No.6 at Huron and El Riad Shrine at Sioux Falls. d. Sept. 27, 1948. Asa S. Bushnell (1834-1904) Governor of Ohio. b. Sept. 16, 1834 at Rome, N.Y., moving to Cincinnati in 1845. Received a common school education and rose from a dry goods clerk to pi'esident of Warder, Bushnell & Glessner Co. mower and reaper manuiacturers. Served as company commander in 152nd Ohio volunteer infantry in Civil War. Elected go:vernor of Ohio for two terms, 1895-9-9. Was made a Mason "at sight" and received the 33° AASR (N.J.). George E. Bushnell Associate Jus-

Anastasio Bustamante (1780~1853) President of Mexico and soldier. b. in Jiquilpan, Michoacan, he fought in the Spanish army against revolutionists as early as 1808, but in 1821 supported Iturbide q.1.? and his plan for government. He was vice-president of the republic under Guerrero q.v. in 1829, but joined Santa Anna q.v'. in a revolt against him. He was president of Mexico from 1829-32, but was driven out by Santa Anna. After the lat.. ter's downfall in 1836, Bustamante again became president from 1937-39. He was a Royal Arch Mason.

Benjamin F. Butler (1818-?) Un.. ion Major General in Civil War and lawyer. b. Nov. 5, 1818 at Deerfield, N.H. Practiced law at Lowell, Mass.


John Butler Entered war in 1861 as brigadier general of militia and promoted to major general the same year. He occupied Baltimore with 900 men and later commanded Fort Monroe in Virginia. He captured Forts Hatteras and Clark on the North Carolina coast and then formed an expedition for the Gulf of Mexico. On May 1, 1862 he took possession of New Orleans. After he hanged a man for pulling down the U.s. flag, issued "Order No. 28" to prevent women from insulting soldiers and confiscated $800,000 from the Dutch consul, he was recalled and placed in command of the department of Virginia and N. Carolina. In North Carolina he issued general order No. 38 which had to do with the care or Confederate Masonic property at New Bern. In 1865 Grant removed him from command and he returned to Massachusetts where he engaged in politics and practiced law. In Lowell, Mass. he was a member of Pentucket Lodge, Mt.. Horeb Chapter, and Pilgrim Commandery.. He was made a 33 0 honorary of the AASR (NJ) on March 16, 1864. Burridge D. Butler (1868-19'48) Publisher. b. Feb. 5, 1868 at Louisville, Ky. Founded Omaha Daily News in 1899, St. Paul Daily News in 1900, Minneapolis Daily News in 1900. Sold these p,roperties in 1009. Became owner and publisher of The Prairie Farmer in 1909, also president of WLS Agricultural Broadcasting Co., Chicago. Mason. d. March 80



Charles C. Butler (1865-1946) Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Colorado. b. Feb. 6, 1865 at Milwaukee, Wis. Graduate of Univ. of Michigan in 1891 and admitted to Colorado bar same year. Practiced at Denver. Judge of Colorado district court 191327 and justice of supreme court 192737, being chief justice part of that time. Initiated in Union Lodge No.7,

Denver on April 27, 1935. d. Nov. 16, 1946. David Butler First Governor of Nebraska. Governor when Nebraska was admitted to statehood on March 1, 1867. Butler affiliated with Pawnee Lodge No. 23 at Pawnee City in 1879. His original1odge is not known. Hugh A. Butler (1878-1954) U.S'. Senator from Nebraska. b,. Feb. 28, 1878 at Missouri Valley, Iowa. Became engineer for C.B. & Q. Railroad in 1900 and in 1908 a grain miller at Curtis, Nebr. and was associated with the grain trade the rest of his life. Elected U . S. Senator from Nebraska in 1941, serving until IH52. He was raise.d in Wellsville Lodge No.. 194, Wellsville, Mo. and later became a member of St. John's Lodge No. 25 of Omaha, Nebr. 32 0 AASR. d. July 1,19'54. 1

John Butler (1728-1794) Colonel in the British service during the American Revolution. b. in New London, Conn. At outbreak of war he recruited a force of Indians and rangers known as "Butler's Rangers." An expert in Indian tactics, he participated in many battles with them including Oriskany, the Wyoming massacre and raids on the Schoharie and Mohawk settlements. Many atrocities have been attributed to him. He was a close friend of Joseph Brant q..v., the famous Indian chief. After Brant had saved the life of Lt. Thomas Boyd on Sept. 13, 1779 near Genessee when Boyd had given a Masonic sign, he was turned over to either Col. Butler or his son, Walter, who in tum. let the Indians torture and kill him. Previous to the war he had been made deputy superintendent of Indian affairs in New York and after the war when he removed to Canada he was special Indian agent. He was probably raised in Union Lodge No. 1, Albany, N.Y. and became the first


Richard Butler

secretary of the famous St. Patrick's Lodge No.8 at Johnstown, N.Y. which first met on August 23, 1766. In Canada, after the war, he became a charter member of St. John's Lodge of Friendship No. 2 and served as its master. He became the first grand senior warden of the Provincial Grand Lodge of Upper Canada. Barton Lodge No.6 (then 10) had many of his former rangers as members, and Brant himself was at one time a member of this lodge.

for four years, being grand master of the Grand Lodge of Florida in 1833. William Morgan Butler Fonner U.S. Senator from Massachusetts. Although his membership is not known he is listed in a Masonic publication of 1925 as "prominent in Masonic circles."

Richard Butler (1743-1791) Major General, U.S. Army. b. April 1, 1743 at Dublin, Ireland, coming to America with his parents before 1760. A lieut. colonel in the P'ennsylvania line at the beginning or the Revolution; with Morgan's rifles in 1777. While with Lafayette's detachment near Williamsburg, Va. in 1781, he attacked Simcoe's rangers and defeated them. Promoted to colonel in the 9th Pennsylvania regiment at close of war. Was Indian agent in Ohio- in 1787, and in the St. Clair's expedition against the Indians, he commanded the right wing with the rank of major general. He was killed in the attack on Ft. Recovery on Nov. 4, 1791, tomahawked and scalped. He was initiated in Lodge No.2, Philadelphia on April 14, 1779, passed April 20 and raised April 27. He later affiliated with Pennsylvania-Union Lodge -a lodge of the Pennsylvania line and on January 9, 1787 is recorded as having been admitted to Lodge No. 45 of Pittsburgh. Lodge records show that he visited St. George's Lodge 0'ÂŁ Schenectady, N.Y. in June, 1779' and later American Union Lodge (military). Robert Butler General in War of 1812. On the roll of the Grand Lodge of Alabama when it was organized on June 3,1825 and member of Jackson Lodge No. 23, Tallahassee, Fla. He was charter member and master

Isaac Butt (1813-1879) Irish lawyer and nationalist leader.. Formed coalition between Irish Protestants and other nationalists and inaugurated home-rule movement in 1870. Member of Lodge No.2, Dublin. George C. Butte (1877-1940) Acting Governor General of Philippines and Puerto Rico. b. May 9, 1877 at San Francisco, Calif. Educated home and abroad. Practiced law in Oklahoma and Texas. Attorney general of Puerto Rico 19'25-28. Vice governor of Philippines 1930-32. Acting governor of Puerto Rico three times. Associate justice supreme court of Philippines 1932-36. In WWl served as chief of foreign intelligence section of the General Staff, U.S. Army. Mason. d. Jan. 18, 1940.

John S. Buttles (1877-1949) Justice, Supreme Court of Vermont. b. Jan. 20, 1877 at Troy, N.Y. Admitted to Vermont bar in 1906. Member of Vermont house of representatives in 1919, superior judge 1926-37; associate justice supreme court, 1937-49. Retired. Mason, Knight' Templar and Shriner. d. May 18, 1949. Harold Bye Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy. b. Jan. 16, 1886 at St. Paul, Minn. Enlisted in U.S. Navy in 1907 and advanced through grades to rear admiral in 1947, retiring from service that year. Raised in Bremerton Lodge No. 117, Bremerton, Wash.. in 1922. Received 32° AASR (SJ) at Honolulu in 1935; member of Aloha Shrine Temple of Honolulu and was president of the Shrine Club at Sandpoint, Idaho in 1953.


Richard E. Byrd Clovis E. Byers Lieutenant Generu.s. Army. b,. Nov. 5, 1899' at Columbus, Ohio. Graduated U.S'. Military Academy in 1920, advancing through grades to majoT general in 1944. With War Dept. General Staff 1940-42, chief of staff, 77th Div. 1942,; chief of staff 1st Corps 1942-43; chief of staff 8th Army, 1944; commanding general 82nd Airborne Div. from 194849; chief of staff, Gl Dept. of Army 1949..51; commanding general X Corps in Korea, 1951, XVI Corps, Japan, 1952. Presently military adviser to assistant secretary of Defense (In.. ternational Security Affairs). Received EA degree on April 1, 1923 in Laredo Lodge No. 547, Laredo, Texas and the Fe on Nov. 2, 1925. MM degree in Star of the East Lodge No. 650 in Yokahama, Japan on Nov. 3, 1947.


Harry C. Byrd President, University of Maryland. b. Feh. 12, 1889; at Crisfield, Md. Graduated from Univ. of Maryland in 1908 and after law studies at several universities returned to his alma mater in 1912 as English and history instructor, later serving as director of athletics, football coach, assistant to president, vicepresident, acting president and president since 1936. Raised in Harmony Lodge No. 17, Washington, D'.C. in 1914. Member of chapter, council and commandery (Hyattsville) and 32째 AASR (SJ) at Washington; Tall Cedars, Shrine and Jesters. Harry F. Byrd Governor and U.S. Senator from Virginia. b. June 10, 1887 at Martinsburg, W. Va., he is a brother of Admiral Richard E. Byrd q.v. the explorer. Started with the WinchesteT (Va.) StaT at the age of 15 and now owns the paper as well as the HarrisonbuTg Daily News Rec.... ord. Actively interested in peach and apple culture, owning orchards and cold storage facilities. Served in Virginia s,enate from 1915-25 and a lead-

er in establishing state highway system. He served as governor of Virginia from 192'6-30. In 1933 he was appointed to fill unexpired term in U.S. 'Senate and has served in that body continuously since. He was raised in Hiram Lodge No. 21 at Winchester in Nov., 1925 and a member of the AASR (SJ) at Alexandria, Va. receiving the degrees in Oct. 1929. In 1943 he received the 33째.

Richard E. Byrd (1888-1957) Polar explorer, naval officer, pioneer aviator. b. Oct. 25, 1888 at Winchester, Va., a brother of Harry F. Byrd q.'V., governor and senator. Graduated from U.S. Naval Academy in 19:12 and advanced to lieut. commander at retirement in 1916 and later promoted to commander after flight over North Pole in 1926. Given rank of rear admiral in 1930. During WWl he ente.red the Aviation Service and commanded u.s. Air Forces until annistice. In WW2 he served with Admiral King in Washington and Nimitz in the Pacific, going overseas four times. He was highly decorated including the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1926 and special Congressional Medals in 1930, 37 and 46. Made plane fight over North Pole on May 9, 1926 with Floyd Bennett. In 19'27 he made trans-Atlantic flight of 4~'OO miles with three companions-New York to France. His first Antarctic expedition was in 1928-30 and his second in 1933-35. Discovered Edsel Ford Mountains and Marie Byrd Land. He spent five months alone near the South Pole. In 1939 he was made commander of the U.S. Antarctic Service and again went to' the South Polar region, discovering five new mountain ranges, five islands and more than 100,000 square miles of area. In 1946 he was named commanding officer of the u.s. Navy Antarctic Expedition and again in 1956 headed the U.S. expedition in Antarctic exploration. He became a member of Federal Lodge No.. 1,


Frank M. Byrne nomic stabilization in 1942; director of war mobilization 1943-45 and secre" tary of state 1945-47. Governor of S. Car. 1951-55. Raised in Aiken Lodge No.. 156 on Jan. 12, 1911 and affiliated with Spartan Lodge No. 10, July 5, 1926. Received Royal Arch Nov. 21, 1911 in Kadoshlayah Chapter No. 41, Aiken and affiliated with Chicora Chapter 23, Spartanburg in 1934. Received into Aiken Council R. & S.M. No. 23, Nov. 26, 1920 and affiliated with Blakce' Council No. 19 Oct. 22, 1945.. Knighted in Columbia Commandery No.2 Oct. 20, 1916 and affiliFrank M. Byrne (1858-1927) Gov- ated with Aiken Commandery No. 14 ernor of South Dakota. b.. O'ct. 23, in 1923 and Spartanburg Command1858 at Volney, Iowa. Moved to Sioux ery No. 3 in 1934. Falls in Dakota Territory in 1878 and Joseph W. Byrns (1869-1936) took homestead in McCook Co. Was Speaker, U.S. House of Representaa farmer and real estate dealer. He tives. b. July 20, 186.9 at Cedar Hill, served in the first state senate in Tenn. Graduate of Vanderbilt Univ. 1890 and also sessions of 1907 and 1909; lieut. governor 1909,-13 and gov- Served many years in the lower house (1895-1900) (1909-33) (1933-37) . He ernor 1913-17. Mason. d. D'ec. 25,1927.. died on June 4, 1936 before his term. James F. Byrnes Secretary of in the 74th Congress had expired. He State; Justice, Supreme Courl of U.S.; was twice speaker of the house, 1899 Governor of South Carolina; U.S.. Sen- and 1936. Mason, Knight Templar, 32째 ator. b. May 2, 1879 in S. Car. Ad- KCCH and Shriner. mitted to bar in 1903. First edited a John Byrom (1692-1763) English newspaper and then served as court poet, hymnologist and inventor of an reporter.. Was a member of the 62nd early shorthand system that was to 68th Congresses (1911-25) from copyrighted in 1742. He was the au.. 2nd S.. Car. dist. Served as U..S. Sen- thor of the famous phrase "tweeclleator two te,rms, 1931-43. Appointed dum and tweedledee." He is listed as justice of supreme court in 1941 but a member of a lodge held at The resigned to become director of eco- Swan in Long Acre, England, 1750.

Washington, D'.C. on March 19, 1921 and affiliated with Kane Lodge No. 454, New York City, Sept. 18, 1928 (see Elisha Kent Kane). He is a member of National Sojourner Chapter No.3 at Washington. He and his pilot, Bernt Balchen q.v. dropped Masonic flags on the two poles-Balchen also added his Shrine fez. In the Antarctic expedition of 1933-35, 60 of the 82 members were Freemasons and on Feb. 5, 1935 established First Antarctic Lodge No. 777 of New Zealand constitution. d. March 11, 19:57.



c Pierre Jean Georges Cabanis (17571808) French surgeon, philosopher and writer. Was administrator of Paris hospitals and physician to Mirabeau. A sympathizer with the revolutionists, he was a member of the Council of Five Hundred. He is often called the founder of modern physiological psychology. The bulletin of the International Masonic Congress, 1917, Geneva, Switzerland, lists him as a Freemason. James A. Cabell (?-1930) Governor of Virginia and Judge, Supreme Court of Appeals. Served as governor of Virginia 1805-08; judge of the generalcourt 1808-11; judge of supreme court of appeals 1842-51 and president of that court 1842-54. He revived the Virginia Society- of the Cincinnati and was first president of the temporary organization in 1889 Mason. d. July 22, 1930. 1•

Roberta Cabell (1867-1947) President of Armour & Co. b. Dec. 1, 1867 at Brunswick, Mo. Began as a salesman with Armour in 1892; managing director of European interests with headquarters in London, 1913-34; general manager, Chicago, 1934 and president from 1935 until retirement in 1940. Mason. d.. D'ec. 12, 1947.

Court of Appeals from 1811 until bis death on Jan. 17, 1853, at which time he was president of the court. A member of George Lodge No. 32, Warminster, Virginia, he served as master and treasurer. John L. Cable U.S. Congressman 67th to 68th (19-21-25) and 71st and 72nd (1929-33) Congresses from 4th Ohio dist. b. April 15, 1884 at Lima, Ohio. Practiced law at Lima from 1909. Mason. Charles L.. Cadet-Gassincourt (17691821) A :French anti-Mason who later became a Freemason. b. Jan. 23, 1769 at Paris. A victim of political persecution, he attributed his sufferings to the infiuence of Masonic lodges in France and published the book Le Tombeau de Jacq1Les de Molay in 1796 in which he attempted to show that Freemasonry was the instigator of all the European political revolutions. He later changed his views and became a member of the Lodge l'Abeille in Paris, serving as master in 1805. d. Nov. 21, 1821.

Charles Wakefield Cadman (18811946) American composer. b. Dec. 24, 1881 at Johnstown, Pa. Began as music critic and organist in Pittsburgh. His best known songs are William H. Cabell (1772-1853) Gov- From the Land of the' Sky Blue ernor of Virginia for three years Water and At Dawning. He became (1805-07). b. Dec. 16, 1772 at Boston interested in American Indian muHill, Va. Graduated from William and sic, basing many of his, songs and Mary College and admitted to the operas on that theme. Composed canbar in 1794.. Was elected to house of tatas, chamber music', sonatas, quindelegates in 1796 and frequently re- tets, symphonies, suites and operas. elected. He served·· on the Virginia Member of Albert Pike Lodge No. 167

S,. Parkes Cadman

Hessians at Trenton and Viras at the battles of BrandyV\,"ine, Germantown and Monmouth as a volunteer. In the fall of 1777 he organized the militia of western Maryland at the request of Washington. After the war he moved to Maryland and became a member of the state legislature. Be was a member of Lodge No. 8 in Philadelphia. d. Feb. 11, 1786.

484, Los Angeles, received 32掳 AASR (SJ) May 26, 1923. Member of York Rite and Shrine. d. Dec. 30, 1946.

s. Parkes Cadman (1864-1936) Clergyman. b. D'ec. 18, 1864 at Wellington, Salop, England. Received honorary degrees from a dozen universities. Served as pastor of the Central Congregational Church of Brooklyn for many years, starting in 1901. From 1924-28 he was president of the Federal COlUlcil, Churches of Christ in America and as radio minister of the same, starting in 1928, he was one of the most popillar radio artists路 of that decade. Contributed to the daily press and wrote many books. He was noted for his broad and liberal attitude with regard to the religious opinions of others. It has been said that in his generation no man exerted more in.. fluence for the b:rotherhood of man. A member of Independent Royal Arch Lodge No.2, New York City, he was grand chaplain of the Grand Lodge of New York for 28 years. Once in a question period, he was baited with a question concerning membership in secret societies. He answered thus: "That question is aimed at the Masons. I am a Mason and I know Masonry to be a broad-minded, Christlike institution. Masons are friendly and as a Christian minister, I can say that they fear God and are the orches.. tra of God toward bringing about fraternity, and for that reason I am and shall always remain a Mason." d. July 12, 1.9-36.

Thomas Cadwalader (1707 -1779) Revolutionary surgeon. b. in Phila路 delphia in 1707, he was medical director of the Army hospital at Phila.. delphia in 1776. He was senior grand warden of first St. John's lodge of Philadelphia in 1738. d. at Trenton, N.J. in 1779. James H. Cafferty (1819-1869) Painter. He began as a portrait painter and attained a wide reputation as such, but in his later years he turned to still life painting. He was chosen an associate member of the national academy of design in 1849 and in 1853 became an academician. His most notable paintings were My Girl, My Father and Brook Trout. Member of Independent Royal Arch Lodge No. 2, New York City.

John CadwaIader (1742-1786) Brigadier General in American Revolutiona b. Jan. 10, 1742 at Philadelphia. Took an active part in public affairs previous to the war and was captain of a military company. On the formation of the city battalions, he was placed in command of one and promoted to brigadier general in command of the Pennsylvania militia. He cooperated in the capture of the

Count Alessandro di Cagliostro (1743-1795) Italian imposter, charlatan. Real name was Giuseppe Balsamo. b. June 8, 1743 in Palermo, Italy of poor p,arents, he was placed in the convent of the Good Brotherhood at Castiglione where he was assistant to the apothecary of the monastery and picked up, some knowl.. edge of chemistry and medicine. He fled the monastery and after many brushes with the law, left Italy to travel in Greece, Egypt, Arabia, Per.. sia, Rhodes and Malta, picking up the title of "count." Back in Italy he married Lorenza Feliciani q.'V. who lat路 er was to play an important part in his "Masonic" career. In 1776 he appeared in London and during the


Joseph Caldwell early part of that year was initiated in Esperance Lodge No. 289 which

met at the King's Head Tavern, Soha, London. The lodge was founded as a French lodge in 1768 under English constitution. The next year (1777) while still in London, he was said to have invented his grand scheme of Egyptian Freemasonry. He assumed the impressive title of Grand Master Supreme of the .Egyptian Freemasonry of High Science, Grand Cophta of Europe and Asia. Searching for more lucrative fields, he moved his operations to the continent, posing as a physician, alchemist, neo-romancer and Freemason. In addition to his "Masonic" activities he practiced many frauds, selling love philters, elixirs of youth, etc. It is claimed that he was driven from England by exposes of the editor Morand in the Courier de l'Europe, and although he had several "Egyptian lodges" established, he appears to have lost his popularity. The last official Masonic record we have of him was when he visited the Lodge of Antiquity in London on November 1, 1786.. He left England permantly' in May, 1787. In Europe he was the associate of princes, prelates and philosophers. He established his Egyptian rite throughout the continent, admitting women as well as men. In 1789 he daringly organized a lodge in Rome under the very shadow of the Vatican. That was the last straw and the Holy Inquisition caught up with him, tried and sentenced him to death. The penalty was later commuted to life imprisonment. He spent four years in the prison of St. Leo, in the Duchy of Urbina, and in 1795 died in a fit of apoplexy.

Rolly M. Cain (1882-1947) President of Abbot Laboratories. b,. Jan. 14, 1882 in Davies Co., Ind. President of Swan-Myers Co., Indianapolis 1913'30 and when company merged with Abbott Lab. ChicagO', he became vice

president, and in 1943 president and director of Abbott Labs. International. Mason. d. Feb. 21, 1947.

Wellins Calcott English Masonic writer of the 18th century, ranking with Anderson, Hutchinson and P'reston. He has been called the father of the didactic school. His work, A Candid Disquisition of the Principles and Practices of the Most Ancient and Honourable Society . . ." was published in 1769. At that time it is thought that he was past master of the P'alladian Lodge of Hereford, now No. 120. He twice visited America. On Jan. 20, 1779 was made an honorary member of Apollo Lodge at York, England. William M. Calder (1869-1945) U.S. Senator from New York. b. March 3, 1869 at Brooklyn, N.Y. As a contractor he erecte路d over 4,000 houses in Brooklyn and was building commissioner of Brooklyn in 1902-03. A delegate to the national Republican convention nine times, he was U.S. Senator from 1917-23. Mason. d. March 3, 1945. Harmon W. Caldwell President, University of Georgia. b. Jan. 29, 1899 in Meriwether Co., Ga. A.B,. Univ. of Georgia and LL.B,. from Harvard with honorary degrees from Emory, Mercer and Tulane. Practiced law at Atlanta from 1926 to 19'33 with exception of four years when he was professor of law at the Univ. of Georgia. Became president of the Univ. of Georgia in 1935-, serving until 1948 when he became Chancellor of the university system of Georgia. Raised in John W. Akin No. 537, Taylorsville, Ga. in 1920; 32 0 AASR (8J) at Atlanta and Yaarab Shrine Temple of Atlanta. Joseph Caldwell (1773-1835) President of University of North Carolina. b. April 21, 1773 at Lammington, N.J. He graduated from Princeton in 1791


Millard F. Caldwell, Jr. and after teaching school he became professor of mathematics in 1796 at the Univ. of North Carolina when it was just five years old. The school was in a feeble state and in 1804 he was made president, serving until his death on Jan. 24, 1835. He was raised on April 14, 1798 by Eagle Lodge No. 19 of Hillsboro, N. Car., the lodge going to Chapel Hill where the university was located, to comer the degrees.

Aug. 18, 1916. Member of Tyler Chap.. ter No. 24, R.A.M., George M. Pat.. rick Council No. 13, R. & S.M.; As.. cension Commandery No. 25, K.T. and past commander of same. 33 0 AASR (SJ), Dallas. Chairman of board of trustees for Shriners Hos.. pitals for Crippled Children; grand junior general Empire of the West, Red Cross of Constantine; active member S,upreme Council of DeMo-lay.

Millard F. Caldwell, Jr. Governor of Florida, U.. S. Congressman, 73rd to 76th Congresses (1933-41) from 3rd Florida dist. b. Feb. 6, 1879 at Knoxville, Tenn. Practiced law and elected to Florida state legislature in 1928 and 1930. Governor of Florida from 1945-49. Was chairman of the National Governors Conference in 1946-47; a delegate of the Interparliamentary Union at the Hague in 1938 and at Oslo in 1939. Served in field artillery in WWl.路 Member and past master of Santa Rosa Lodge No. 16, Milton, Fla., but was raised in a lodge in Macon, Miss. 32掳 AASR (SJ) at Meridian, Miss. and member of Morocco Shrine Temple, J acksonville, Fla.

Nonnan C路aI1 President of the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad since 1932. b. March 29, 1880 at Richmond, Va. Began with Richmond Locomotive Works and started with the R.F. & P. as secretary to the president in 1900. Member of Dove Lodge No. 51 and Meridian Lodge No. 284; Washington Chapter No.9, R.A.M. and Richmond Commandery No.2, K.T. all of Richmond, Va. Member of Acca Shrine Temple.

Richard K. CalI (1791-1862) Governor of Florida, Brigadier GeneraL' b. near Petersburg, Va. Was brigadier general of Florida militia in 1833, and led the army against the Seminoles in 1836 in second and third battles of Wahoo Swamp. Served as governor Galloway Calhoun Lawyer and of Florida from 1835-40, but in a Imperial Potentate of the Shrine of controversy with Joel R. Poinsett, q.v. North America in 1948-49. b. Aug. secretary of war, he was removed 22, 1894 at Athens, Texas. Admitted from office. President Harrison again to Texas bar in 1915 and served as appointed him governor from 1841 to district attorney of 7th judicial dist. of 1844 and he was an unsuccessful canTexas; assistant attorney general of didate for governor in 1845 when Florthe state and special assistant to at- ida became a state. He joined Cumtorney general of the U.S. on Selec- berland Lodge No. 8 at Nashville, tive Service matters during WW2. In Tenn. in 1821 and later of Centerville WWl he was band leader of the 144th Lodge No. 18, Leon Co., Fla. of which Ini. band. An active Methodist, his he was master in 1851. In 1853 he lectures to the men's bible class at affiliated with Concordia Lodge No. Tyler, Texas are broadcast. In 1944 28, Gadsden Co., Fla. He assisted in he was a delegate to the general con- the formation of the Grand Lodge of ference of the Methodist Church. In Florida in 1830 and was grand master 1936 he was grand master of the' in 1851. In 1847 he was made an hon.. Grand Lodge of Texas. Raised in St. orary member of Florida Royal Arch John's Lodge No. 53, Tyler, Texas, Chapter No.. 1 (formerly No. 32) and


Charles Calvert an honorary member of the Grand Chapter of Florida the same year. d. Sept. 14, 1862. Charles H. Callahan (1858-1944) He is credited with the idea that brought into being the George Washington National Masonic Memorial at Alexandria, Va. He was conunissioner of revenue of Alexandria for 44 years and a member of Alexandria-Washington Lodge No. 22. He served as grand master of the Grand Lodge of Virginia from 1924-26 and was the author of the noted book, Washington, the Man and the Mason. b. Aug. 22, 1858 at Acquia Mills, Va., he died July 31, 1944 at Alexandria. Albert S. Callan Newspaper p,ublisher. b. July 27, 1884 at Albany, N.Y. Graduate of Hobart College, 1907. President of the Chatham Courier Co. since 1912. Member of New York general assembly 1909-10 and delegate to Republican state convention 17 times. Served in WWl as captain and in WW2 as lieutenant colonel. Member of New York National Guard 1906-17. Raised in Valatie Lodge No. 362, Kinderhook, N.Y. in 1908. Llewellyn L. Callaway (1868-1951) Chief justice, Supreme Court of-Montana. b. Dec. 15, 1868 at Tuscola, Ill. Graduate of Univ. of Michigan, 189'1. Practiced law in Montana from 1891. Appointed chief justice of Montana supreme court fu 1922, retiring in 19~5. Past grand master of Montana, 33 AASR, past grand commander Knights Templar, past grand high priest, Royal Arch Masons, and member of Supreme Councfl, Scottish Rite and inspector general for same in Montana. d. Aug. 6, 1951. Plutarco Elias Calles (1878-1945) President of Mexico. b. Sept. 25, 1878 at Guaymas, Sonora,' where he was later a schoolteacher, farmer and tradesman. From 1913-15 he served in

the army under Obregon and Carranza. In 1917 he was governor of Sonora. He held cabinet positions under Carranza in 1919-20 and under Obregon in 1920-24. Calles served as President of Mexico from 1924-28, during which time he carried out reforms in an administration marked by struggle between the church and the state. He fought for control of the government with Cardenas in 19'35 and in 1936 was driven into exile in the United States. He was made a Freemason in Hellos Lodge in his home town of Guaymas and at one time served as its secretary.

Charles Alexandre de Calonne (1734-1802) French minister of finance under Louis XVI. From 186874, he held government positions at Douai, Metz and Lille. When he became controller general of finance in 1783, he found the state treasury in hopeless disorder, without money or credit. He is said to have been one of the principals who precipitated the French Revolution. In 1787 he opened the Assembly of Notables and proposed the taxation of nobles and clergy, which received violent opposition, causing his removal from office. He then lived in England from 1787 until 1802 when Napoleon allowed him to return to France a month before his death. His lodge is not known, but he is recorded as a visitor to the Loge des Maitres at Amiens, France. Charles Calvert 5th Baron (Lord) Baltimore. Member of the English family that obtained patent for the colonization of Maryland. He was the first Protestant in his family's line since his ancestor, George, 1st Baron, turned Roman Catholic in 1625. Charles was proprietary governor of Maryland from 1715 to 17S1. He was made a Mason about April, 1730 at Goodwood, Sussex, England, and was one of the eight brethren present when Dr. Dessaugliers q.1'. initiated


Francisco Calvo Frederick, Prince of Wales q.v. at the Castle Kew on April 28, 1737.

French Lodge No. 15, Washington, D.C., serving as master in 1932 and grand master of District of Columbia Francisco C'aIvo (1820-1890) Cath- in 1952. Honorary member of Hope olic priest of the Jesuit order, who Lodge No. 20, Samuel Gompers Lodge established Freemasonry in Costa No. 45 and Washington-Centennial Rica in 1867. At that time he was Lodge No. 14 of District of Columbia. canon of the San Jose Cathedral. He Member of Mt. Vernon Chapter No. received his degrees in Lodge Cruz 3, R.A.M.; Adoniram Council No.2, Austrail No. 5 in 1862 at Callao, R. & S.M.; Washington Commandery Peru. He obtained a charter for Cari- No.1, K.T.; Kallipolis Grotto; Tall dad Lodge No. 29 at San J ase from Cedars of Lebanon; Na~ional League the Grand Orient of Spain, then oper- of Masonic Clubs; Masonic Boosters ating in Colombia. Out of this lodge Club; Masonic Veterans Association developed the Supreme Council 33° National Sojourners, Heroes of '76; AASR of Central America, which past potentate of Almas Shrine Tem· covers five republics, and which char- pIe of Washington, D.C. (1949). In tered lodges of its own until the turn AASR, he received KCCH in 1949 of the 20th century. Calvo served as and 33° in 1953. He served as soverign master of Caridad Lodge No. 29: and of St. Simeon Stylites Conclave No. eventually became the first sovereign 51, Red Cross of Constantine and grand commander of the Scottish grand marshal of the Grand Imperial Rite, a position which he held until Council in 1957. Member of Royal his death. The Masonic temple in Order of Scotland, being at present San J ase now displays the gavel he provincial first grand steward. used. Others who were active with Duke Jean Jacques Regis Camba.. Calvo in the founding of the Scottish Rite were Dr. Jose Maria Castro ceres (1753-1824) Archchancellor of q:v., president of the Republic in the French Empire. One of the greats 1847-49, who served as grand chan- of the Napoleonic period, he was a cellor in 1866-68 and was also founder jurist and statesman who was a memand rector of Santo Tomas Univer- ber of the convention of 1792'. In 1794 sity; Dr. Lorenzo Montu£ar q.v., he was president of the Committee lawyer, historian, and rector of Santo of Public Safety and also of the Tomas University, serving also as Committee of Five Hundred in 1796. grand minister of state; Francisco In 1799 he was minister of justice and Poralta Alvarado, teacher, banker second consul in 1799,. Above all, he and benefactor of San Juan de Dies was the friend and chief counselor o£ Hospital, who was first grand repre- Napoleon, who made him chief coun.. sentative. selor of the Empire in 1804. In 1808 he was created Duke of Parma. A Renah F. Camalier Commissioner Mason, he became grand commander of Washington, D.C. b. Oct. 8, 1890. of the Supreme Council of France Lawyer by profession. Was 2nd as- and was so· recognized in the official sistant secretary of the Navy in 1917- register of the Supreme Council (SJ). 20; examiner of Federal Trade ComComte Pierre Jacques Etienne Cammission, 1925-27; assistant U.S. Attorney, U.S. Department of Justice bronne (1770-1842) Commander of a 1927-30; fuel coordinator O.P.A. 1942- division of the French Imperial Guard 43. Appointed commissioner of Wash- at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. He ington in 1954 by President Truman. served with distinction in the camRaised Sept. 18, 1922 in Benjamin B. paigns of 1812-14 and accompanied


Thomas J. Camp Napoleon to Elba. He was active in the founding of French military lodges.

Simon Cameron (1799-1889) Secretary of War in Lincoln's cabinet. b. March 8, 1799 in Lancaster Co., Paw and orphaned at an early age. Worked as a journeyman and edited newspapers before hecoming' interested in banking and railroad construction. Became Republican political czar of Pennsylvania and served three terms in the U.S. Senate, 1845-49, 1857-61, 1867-77. For a time he was adjutant general of Pennsylvania. Named by Lincoln as Secretary of War in his first cabinet; resigned in 1862 when criticized for manner of awarding army contracts, but immediately appointed U.S. Minister to Russia by Lincoln. He served but six months as U.S. Minister, resigning on Nov. 8, 1862. Initiated in Perseverance Lodge No. 21 at Harrisburg, p'a., on July 12" 1826, he served as master in 1833. He was a member of Perseverance Chapter No. 21, R.A.M. at Harrisburg and St. John's Commandery No.4, K.T. at Philadelphia. Strangely, he received the Order of the Temple on Oct. 25, 1826 and the Red Cross and Malta on Oct. 30, 1826.

c. B. Camerer R,ear Admiral, U.S. Navy. b. Aug. 20, 1882 at Kinmundy, 111. Received M.D. :from St. Louis Univ. School of Medicine in 1909. Entered U.S. Navy as a medical of.. ficer in 1909: and advanced through grades to rear admiral in 1945. He was with the Root Commission to Russia in 1917 and brigade surgeon for the Marine Corps in WWl. In WW2 he was medical officer for the 9th Naval district and with the 14th Naval district from 1945-46. His specialty in the service was eye, ear, nose and throat. Returned from active service in 1946. After retirement he engaged in Red Cross work. Mason and member of the National Sojourners. Augustus G. Cameron Vice president of Goodyear Tire and Rubber Export Co. b. Mar. 21, 1880 at Knightstown, Ind. Began in the wholesale grocery business at Indianapolis in 1910 and first employed by Goodyear in 1913, rising to his present position in 1939. Raised in Golden Rule Lodge No. 16, Knightstown, Ind. on April 3, 1903 and served as its master. Presently a member of Joppa Lodge No. 666, Akron, Ohio. Received Royal Arch in Knightstown Chapter No. 33, Knightstown, Ind. (now Akron No. 209) and served as high priest. Cryptic degrees in Knightstown Council R. & S.M. No. 29 Dec. 10, 1909. Knighted in Knightstown Commandery No.9, K.T. (now B,ethany No. 72 of Akron) March 6, 1906, serving as prelate of both No. 9 and 22. Tadmor Shrine Temple of Akron.

Ralph H. Cameron Fonner U.S. Senator from Arizona. Member of Flagstaff Lodge No.7,. Flagstaff, Ariz. and member of El Zaribah Shrine Temple of Phoenix.

Albert S. Camp (1892-1954) U.S. Congressman from 4th Georgia dist. in 76th and 78th-S3rd Congresses. b. July 26, 1892 in Coweta Co., Georgia. Admitted to Georgia bar in 1915. Practiced law in Newnan and was U.S. attorney for Northern Dist. of Ga. in 1934-39. Served overseas with Army in WWl. Mason and Shriner. d. July 24, 1954. Thomas J. Camp Brigadier General, U.S. Army. b. Nov. 10, 1886 at Seymour, Conn. Received B.A. from Yale in 1908 and M.A. in 1915. Commissioned 2nd lieutenant in 1912 and rose to temporary brigadier general in 1942. Served in Hawaii from 191217; instructed in first officers training camp路 in 1917; battalion commander in France in 1918; on War Department General Staff from 1937.. 41; or-


Alexander W. Campbell ganized 51st Armored Infantry in 1941; edited Infantry JouTnal from 1931-34. Raised in Pyramid Lodge No. 92, New Egypt, N.J. in 1918. 32'0 AASR (SJ) at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

ecutive council in 193'6 and minister of agriculture and immigration from 1936-48. Elected premier of Manitoba in 1948 and has since been the leader of the Liberal-Progressive Party. He was initiated in Assiniboine Lodge No. 7 at P'ortage La Prairie in 1917 and served as master in 1922. Also member of Keystone Chapter No.2 of the same place.

Alexander W. Campbell (1828-?) Brigadier General, Confederate Army in Civil War. Raised in Jackson, Tenn. June, 1858. Royal Arch Mason in same year and knighted in Jackson Commandery, K . T. on April 3, 1874..

Dwight Campbell Judge, Supreme Court of South Dakota. b. Nov. 5, 1887. Graduate of Iowa College, 1909 and Harvard, 1912. Began practice in Aberdeen, S.D'. in 1919. Appointed judge of Supreme Court of S.D. in 1925, serving until 1937 when he resigned to re-enter private practice. Mason, 32째 and Shriner.

Archibald Douglas Campbell (see 4th Lord of Blythswood) Arthur G. Campbell Brig,adier General, u.s. Army.. b. Nov.. 15, 1884 at Lexington, Va. Commissioned in 1908 in Coast Artillery and promoted through grades to brigadier general in 1940. Served with A.E.F. in WWl and was member of War Department General Staff from 1918-21; assistant chief of staff of 6th Corps Area 192832 and 8th Corps Area 1939-40. Retired in 1944. Mason. Doak S. Campbell President of Florida State University since 19'41. b. Nov. 16-, 1888 at Tate, Arkansas.. Received degrees from Ouachita College, George Peabody College, Stetson Univ. and Florida Southern. Was superintendent of Columbus, Ark. high school from 1911-14; vice-president of Central College, Ark. 1916-20 and president 1920-28; with George Peabody College 1928-41. Has written several hooks on education. Raised in Buck Range Lodge, Howard Co., Ark. and presently a member of Jackson Lodge No.1, Tallahassee, Fla. Has served as grand orator of the Grand Lodge of Florida. Douglas L. Campbell Prime Minister of Manitoba, Canada. b. May 27, 1895 at Portage 1a Prairie. Owner and operator of a :farm near High Bluff, Manitoba since 1918. Served as a member of the Manitoba legislature since 1922; member of the ex-

George W. Campbell (1768-1848) Secretary of the Treasury and U.S. Senator from Tennessee. b. 1768 in Tenn. Graduated from Princeton in 1794. Served in u.s. Congress as representative from 1803-09,. Elected U.S. Senator in 1811, but resigned in 1814 to become Secretary of the Treasury. He was again elected to the Senate in 1815, serving until 1818 when he was appointed U.S. Minister to Rus.. sia, returning to the United States in 1820. He served as master of Greenville Lodge No. 43, Greenville, Tenn. and is also reported to have held offices in three other Tennessee lodges: Knoxville No.2, Mount Libanus No. 59 and Tennessee No. 41, all of Knoxville. Jacob M. Campbell UnionGeneral in Civil War. Became a member of Cambria Lodge No. 278 at Johnstown, Pa. on Oct. 26, 1858, but demitted Apri113, 1875 to become a charter memb,er of Johnstown. Lodge No. 538, serving as first senior warden.

James Campbell (1813-?) Postmas.. ter General of the United _States under President Pierce, 1853-1857. b. in Philadelphia, son of an Irish emi-


Thomas D. CampbeU grant. Admitted to bar in 1834, becoming attorney general of the state in

1852. His lodge is not known, but he was a member of Harmony Chapter No. 52, R.A.M. of Philadelphia.

James U. Campbell (1866-1937) Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Oregon. b. Aug. 29, 1866, Prince Edward Island, Canada and educated in Prince of Wales College, studying law privately. Came to the U.S. in 1887 and was naturalized in 1893. Began teaching public schools in 1884 and admitted to Oregon bar in 1893. Served as circuit judge of the 5th district five times. Elected to supreme court in 1930 and was chief justice from 1935 until his death on July 16, 1937. John Campbell 4th Earl of Loudoun (1705-1782) Governor of Virginia and commander of all British forces in America in 1756. He was grand master of the Grand Lodge of England in 1736. He was the first PGM of England to visit a grand lodge in America, when on Jan. 31, 1757 the Festival of St. John the Evangelist was postponed by the Provincial Grand Lodge in Boston so that he might attend. A special working lodge was opened and four members of Campbell's staff "were made enter'd Prentices & P'ass'd Fellow crafts" with Richard Gridley q.v. in the chair." Commissioned in the Scots Greys at an early age, he succeeded his father to the title and became one of the 16 representative Scottish peers in Parliament. As a mark of royal esteem, he was made governor of Stirling Castle and Edinburgh, and was aide-de-camp to the king, serving in the Flanders campaigns and the rebellion of 1745. Following the disastrous expeditions of 1755 against the French and Indians in America, and the death of General Braddock, General Campbell was appointed governor of Virginia (as a

sinecure) and to command all British forces in America. Due to politics at home and poor handling of colonial authorities in the new world, he served only from July 23, 1756 until December, 1757. The earl was said to have resembled "Saint George on the tavern sign-always on horseback, but never advancing." He lost Forts Oswego and William Henry, and failed in the planned invasion of French Canada. However, he was far from discredited with the king or later ministries. In 1762 he took part in the Peninsular Waxs in Portugal, where although second in command, he was actually first in the field. He was promoted to 拢ull general in 1770. He retired to Scotland as: titular路 governor of Edinburgh until his death in 1782.

Sir Malcolm Campbell (1885...1948) English businessman and famed automobile racer. Employed in 1906 on the staff of Lloyds of London. He served through WWl from 1914-18, the last two years, being an airplane pilot. He began motor racing as a hobby in 1910 and later established many world records for speed at Daytona Beach, Fla. and Salt Lake City, Utah. He wrote Spee.d, 1931; The Romance of Motor-Racing, 1936; and The Roads and the Problem ot Their Safety, 1937. A Freemason, he was made a member of the Azngi Grotto of Daytona Beach, Fla. Price Campbell President of West Texas Utilities Co. b. Jan. 22, 1890 at Weatherford, Texas. Received B.S. and E.E. from Texas Agricultural and Mechanical College. With the American Public Service Co. since 1915 and a director of many public utilities. Mason. Thomas D. Campbell Agricultural engineer and Brigadier General, U.S. Army. b. Feb. 19, 1882 at Grand Forks, N.D. Graduate of North Da-


Wayne Campbell

kota, Cornell and Southern Calif. universities. Engaged in fanning since 1898, operating 95,000 acres of wheat and flax land in Montana. President of Campbell Farming Corp. since 1922. In 19:29 he was special adviser for Russian government to assist in operation of 10 million acres in Russia. Was special advisor to British governme.nt on increased wheat production in 1941. Made report for French government on wheat production in North Africa in 1948. Served as colonel with Air Corps from 1942 and made brigadier general in 1946; now general U.S. Army R.eserve. Inventor of Campbell grain dryer and developer of Campbell windrow method of harvesting grain. Raised in Acacia Lodge No.4, Grand Forks, N. Dak. on Nov. 29, 1907. 32 0 AASR (8J) and member of Kern Shrine Temple, Grand Forks.

1826-29. Served with the British in the American Revolution. Founded Guysboro and Temple Lodge No. 7 in 1785. He was appointed attorney general of the province of Cape Breton and while there was identified with Freemasonry in Sydney. He went to England in connection with the affairs of the province, and while there, was appointed a justice of the King's Bench, Upper Canada in 1811, becoming chief justice in 1826 and resigning in 1829. He was the founder of St. Andrew's Lodge No. 16 in Toronto. Campbell was knighted and died in 1834.

Wayne Campbell Actor and university professor. b. May 9, 1872. Taught school and worked on his father's newspaper in Waterville, Kansas before becoming an entertainer with the Lyceum Bureau. Barnstormed with repertory and stock companies and was leading character actor from 1915. Head of the drama department of Oklahoma City University since 1922. Author and producer of annual pre-dawn Easter play, Life, Lord of Death from 1937-43, and the annual passion play Via Crucis produced at the Guthrie Masonic Temple since 1940. Has written several books on writing and acting. Mason, member of Scottish Rite. Lord William Campbell (?-1778) English governor in America. He was appointed governor of Nova Scotia in 1766 and was the last British governor of South Carolina (1773), which he unsuccessfully attempted to keep loyal to the Crown. Sir William Campbell (? -1834) Chief Justice of Upper Canada from

William B. Campbell (1807-1867) Governor of Tennessee. b. Feb. 1, 1807 in Sumner Co., Tenn. Practiced law in Carthage, Tenn. Raised a cavalry company and commanded it in Creek and Florida wars of 1836. From 1837-43 was Whig member of u.s. Congress from Tennessee. Was major general of militia in 1844 and served in the Mexican War, distinguishing himself in the battles of Monterey and Cerro Gordo. He served as governor of Tennessee, 1851-53. From 1857 he served as judge of the state circuit court. Lincoln appointed him brigadier general in the Federal Army in 1862, but he was forced to retire in 1863 due to ill health. He was a memb路er of Lebanon Lodge No. 98, Lebanon, Tenn. d. Aug. 19, 1867. Joachim Heinrich Campe (17461818) German writer and educator. Studied theology and was tutor to the Humboldt family in Berlin in 1769 and 1774-75. He was director of the schools in Dessau and Hamburg, 1786-1805 and head of the Brunswick educational book house from 17871808, which published many of his own writings including Robinson deT Jungere, based on Defoe. He was a learned and zealous Freemason as


Erwin D. Canham

sho"Wll by his correspondence with Gotthold Lessing q.v. Edwm.-d R. S. Canby (1819-1873) Brigadier General, U.S. Army. Born in Kentucky, his family later moved to Indiana and he graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1835. He served in the Florida Indian War and assisted in the removal of the Five Civilized Nations to Oklahoma. In the Mexican war he saw action in most of the important engagements and was promoted to captain. As a major in 1855 he served the next three years on frontier duty and when the Civil War broke out, he- was on an expedition against the Navajos in the Southwest. Made colonel, he commanded the New Mexico forces that repelled a Confederate thrust into that area. He was then made brigadier general and called to Washington to assist Secretary of War Stanton. He then saw service in New York, Mississippi Valley, Virginia, Louisiana, Alabama. After the War he served in Washington, D.C. and was then sent to California, where he attempted to bring the Modoc Indians to terms with the government. On April 11, 1873 he met "Capt. Jack," the Modoc leader on neutral grotUld, but the Indians waylaid Canby and two other officers at the meeting ,place and killed them. The principal Indians were later tried and executed. General Canby "was a member of a lodge in the East. His body was escorted under auspices of the Craft to the Masonic Temple at Yreka and afterwards conveyed East where he was buried with Masonic honors."

Allen D. Candler Former Governor of Georgia. Member of Gainesville Lodge No. 219, Gainesville, Ga. John S. Candler (1861-1941) Justice, Supreme Court of Georgia 190206. b. Oct. 22, 1861 at Villa Rica, Ga. Alderman of City of Atlanta and

president of the general council in 1911, 12, +4. Served in Spanish American War as colonel. Member of the general conference of the Methodist Episcopal church five times between 1890 and 1934, being a member of the commission on unification of the two branches. Mason, 32掳 AASR, and Shriner. d. Dec. 9, 1941. Thomas S. Candler Justice, Supreme Court of Georgia since 1945. b. Dec. 15, 1890 at Blairsville, Ga. Engaged in law practice from 191539. Judge of Superior Court, N.E. Judicial Circuit, 1939-45. Mason. William Candler (1890-1936) P'resident of Atlanta Biltmore Hotel Co. from 1923 and vice president of CocaCola Bottling Co. of N.Y. from 1925. b. Jan. 24, 1890. Former director of U.S. Chamber of Commerce and officer and director in several corporations. Mason. d. Oct. 2, 1936.

Gordon Canfield U.S路. Congressman 77th to 84th Congresses from 8th N.J. district. b. April 15, 1898 at Salamanca, N.Y. Received LL.B. from National Univ. in 1928. Began as newsboy in Binghamton, N.Y. in 1912, later clerk for Western Union, reporter for Passaic (N.J.) Daily News and for 17 years secretary to Congressman George N. Seger. He served in WW1 in the Signal Corps and in WW2 was on active duty with the Merchant Marine (incognito) in the North Atlantic. He visited Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany as an observer at request of General Eisenhower in 1945, made a 30,000 mile inspection trip of island bases in Pacific in 1946 and visited 16 European and Middle East countries in 1947 on investigating committee. In 1952 he inspected the Pacific defenses and the Korean front. Mason. Envin D. Canham Editor of Chris.. tian Scienc'e MonitOT. b. Feb. 13, 1904


Ralph J. Canine

at Auburn, Maine. Received B.A. and Litt.D. from Bates College; L.H.D. Boston University and was Rhodes Scholar at Oxford Univ. England, receiving B.A. and M.A. in 1936. Began with the Christian Science MonitoT, in 1925 and has covered many important national and international stories for his paper including the League of Nations assemblies of 1926-28, Ramsay MacDonald's tour of the U.S.; London Naval conference; trips of American presidents; nationwide political surveys; inauguration of Philippine Commonwealth. He was head of the Washington Bureau from 193239; general news editor 1939-41, managing editor, 1941..44 and editor since 1945. Mason. Ralph J. Canine Lieutenant General, U.S. Army. b. Nov. 9, 1895 at Flora, Ind. A graduate of Northwestern Univ. and several army schools, he advanced through grades from 2nd lieutenant in 1917 to lieutenant general in 1953. In WW2 he served as commanding general of First Infantry Division Artillery in Europe. He is now serving with the Department of Defense, Washington, as director of the National Security Agency. Raised in East Chicago Lodge No. 595, East Chicago, Ind. in 1917. 32 0 AASR (SJ) at Guthrie, Oklahoma and member of Ararat Shrine Temple, Kansas City, Mo. George Canning (1770-1827) English statesman who served as Foreign Secretary, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Prime Minister. Educated at Oxford, he was a brilliant orator. Member of parliament in 1793, he became under-secretary for foreign affairs in Pitt's administration (1796-99), but was barred from advancement because of poverty and his merciless wit, which he directed against the Whigs. Chief confidant of Pitt, he left office as treasurer of the Navy on Pitt's death in 1806. Was foreign sec-

retary from 1807-10. After 12 years of minor offices he again became foreign secretary in 1822, succeeding Castlereagh as leader of the House of Com.. mons. In 1827 he succeeded Liver.. pool as prime minister and chancellor of the exchequer. He was a member of Royal Somerset House and Inver.. ness No.4, but the date of his initi.. ation is not known. In 1810 he became a dual member and "was admitted" to the Lodge of the Antiquity No.2, re.. signing in 1811 and being reinstated in 1812. Clarence Cannon Missouri Congressional representative continuously since the 68th (1923) Congress. b. April 11, 1879 at Elsberry, Mo., he is a graduate of LaGrange College, William Jewell College and the Univ. of Missouri. Was professor of history at Stephens College, Columbia, Mo. 1904-08, beginning practice of law at Troy, Mo. in 1908. Has been parliamentarian of the House of Representatives for many years, both in Republican as well as Democratic administrations, and parliamentarian for the Democratic National Conventions since 1920. He is regent of the Smithsonian Institute. He is the author of Synopsis of the Procedure' of the House (1919), Cannon's Procedures (1928), Convention Parliamentary ManuaL (1928, 1951) and other writings. Member of Troy Lodge No. 34, Troy, Mo. Exalted in Troy Chapter R.A.M. No. 85, (now extinct) and transferred to Mexico Chapter No. 27, Mexico, Mo.; Crusade Command.. ery No. 23, K.T. Mexico and AASR, Valley of St. Louis. Joseph G. Cannon (1836-1926) Served in the U.S. House of Repre.. sentatives for 50 years (1872.. 1923) with the exception of two terms. "Uncle Joe" was speaker of the House from 1903-11" ruling that body with a stern and august hand. b. May 7, 1836 at Guilford, N.C., he was ad-


Joseph P. E. Capelle mitted to illinois bar in 1858. After serving eight years as state's attorney he began his long service in Congress. Was made a Mason in Shelbyville, ID. in 1858 and later affiliated

with Olive Branch Lodge No. 38 of Danville in Feb., 1888. In Jan., 1888 he was exalted in Vermilion Chapter No. 82, R.A.M. and on Feb. 9, knighted in Athelstan Commandery No. 45, K.T. both of Danville, ill. d. Nov. 12, 1926 at age of 90 and was buried with Masonic honors. Newton Cannon (1781-1842) Governor of Tennessee, 1835-39. b. in N. Carolina and after public school education removed to Tennessee where he was a member of the legislature in 1811-12. Served in the Tennessee Mounted Rifles as a colonel in 1813 and commanded the left column in the Battle of Tallushatchee with the Creek Indians on Nov. 3, 1813. Elected to Congress in 1814 to fill vacancy of Felix Grundy q.v. and served until 1817, and again from 1819-23. In 1819 he was appointed one of the two commissioners to treat with the Chickasaw Indians by President Monroe. A member of Cumberland Lodge No.8, Nashville, he was present at a called meeting of the Grand Lodge of Tennessee in 1825. d. Sept. 29, 1842.

Archbishop of Canterbury Henry Chicheley)


and Florenz Ziegfeld. In 1916 he toured the country as "Sam Beverly Moon" in Canary Cottage. He played in Broadway Brevities (1920), Make It Snappy (1922), and starred in Kid Boots (1923-26), Whoopee (192.9-30), making his first motion picture appearance in 1926. He is known for his charitable work with Christians as well as Jews, and founded the Eddie Cantor Camp which sends poor and Wldernourished boys to the coun... try. He has served as president of the Jewish Theatrical Guild of America, and president of the American Federation of Radio Artists. He was initiated in Munn Lodge No. 190, N.Y.C. on Nov. 6, 1919 and raised on June 23,1921. Homer E. Capehart u.s. Senator from Indiana. b. June 6, 1897 at Algiers, Ind. Began as salesman with Burton-Paige Mfg. Co., Chicago, in 1919. From 1927-33 he was president of The Capehart Corp., m£grs., Fort Wayne, Ind., and vice president of The Wurlitzer Co. from 1933-40. He is chairman of the board of Packard Mfg. Co., Indianapolis, and owner of the Capehart Farms, Washington, Ind.. Served in army during WWl (1917-19). Elected U.S. Senator in 1944 and again in 1950. Mason, 32° AASR and Shriner.

Joseph P. E. Capelle (1757-1796) Surgeon of the American Revolution, he was born in Flanders, coming to of Kershaw Lodge No. 29, Camden, America with Count Rochambeau q.v. and later served on General Las. Car. fayette's q . v. staff as surgeon. After Eddie Cantor Stage, screen and the Revolution, he settled in Wilmingradio star. b. Jan. 31, 1892 in New ton, Del., and was both popular and York City, he was educated in the successful as a physician. He was one public schools and at Wood's Business of the incorporators of the Delaware School, Williamsburgh, N.Y. Married State Medical Society. He was raised Ida Tobias in 1914; they have five in Lodge No. 14 at Wilmington (under girls-Marjorie, Natalie, Edna J., Pennsylvania charter) on Aug. 21, Marilyn and Janet. He began as a 1783. He served as master in 1786 and vaudeville and burlesque entertainer again in 1792. He was treasurer of the and later with Morosco, the Shuberts lodge from 1788-91. On Aug. 6, 1789, 179 James Cantey Confederate Brigadier General in Civil War. Member

Luigi Capello he was in the first group of Delaware Masons to receive the Royal Arch Degree, conferred in his own lodge, and played a prominent part in the effort to establish a grand lodge in Delaware. He died on Nov. 5, 1796 and was bur.. ied with Masonic services in Old Swedes Cemetery. As the Masonic rites began, the sky suddenly darkened, and winds of near-hurricane velocity tore at the graveyard, forcing a number of crows to the ground among the onlookers, where they helplessly flapped their wings over the grave. The strange incident so terrified some of the onlookers, that they sprang over the cemetery wall and forever after talked of the strange alchemy and close affinity the Freemasons had with evil spirits. Luigi Capello (1859- 1) Italian General of World War I. He commanded the army which captured Gorizia in August, 1916 and the 2nd Army in the Italian offensive of Bainsizza plateau the following year. He retired in July of 1918. An opponent of Fascism, Mussolini called on him to choose between Freemasonry and Facism. He chose the craft and in Nov., 1925 he was arrested and accused of plotting against Mussolini's life. He was not brought to trial until the spring of 1927 when he was convicted and sentenced to 30 years' penal servitude. William T. Capers (1867-1943) Bishop of Protestant Episcopal Church. b. Aug. 9, 1867 at Greenville, S.C. Graduate 'Of Theological Seminary of Virginia, State Univ. of Kentucky and Univ. of the South. In business from 1887.. 90. Became P.E. deacon, 1894; priest, 1895 and served as rector in Anderson, S"C., Vickshurg, Miss., Asheville, N.C., Lexington, Ky., Philadelphia, Pa. from 1895-1913. Elected bishop of missionary district of Spokane in 1913 but declined. Was then named bishopco-adjutor of Diocese of West Texas, serving from

1913-16 and bishop of West Texas from Oct. 16, 1916. Mason, 32° AASR. d. March 29, 1943. Arthur Capper (1865-1951) U.S. Senator, Governor of Kansas and publisher. b. July 14, 1865 at Garnett, Kans. Began as a compositor on the Topeka Daily Capital in 1884 and by 1892 owned and published the paper. Eventually he added the following publications to become one of the largest publishers in the world: Cap.. per's Weekly, Kansas Farmer, Household Magazine, Capper"s Farmer, Missouri Ruralist, Ohio Farmer, Pennsyl.. vania Farmer, Michigan Farmer, Kan.. sa,s City Kansan. He also owned radio stations KIBW, Topeka and KCKN, Kansas City, Kans. Elected governor of Kansas, 1915-19 and served Kansas as U.S. Senator from 1919-1951. He was a member of Ori.. ent Lodge No. 51 of Topeka and received his 33° AASR, (SJ) in Oct. 1948. d. Dec. 19, 1951. John H. Capstick (1856-1918) U.S. Congressman from 5th N.J. district in 64th Congress (1915-17). b. Sept. 2, 1856 at Lawrence, Mass. Business interests were dyeing, printing and bleaching of textile fabrics. Mason. d. March 16, 1918. Thaddeus H. Caraway (1871-1931) U.S. Senator from Arkansas, 1921-33, dying in office. b. Oct. 17, 1871 in Stoddard Co., Mo., he was admitted to Arkansas har in 1900. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives from the 1st Arkansas district in the 63rd to 66th Congresses (1913-21) . Mason and member of Sahara Shrine Temple at Pine Bluff, Ark. d. Nov. 6, 1931. Giosue Carducci (1835-1907) Considered the national poet of modern Italy. b. in Valdicastello, Tuscany, his early pseudonym was Enotrio Romano. From 1861-1904 he was pro£essor of literary history at Bologna.


1st Marquess of Carisbrooke He was awarded the Nobel prize for literature in 1906. Wrote many volumes of verse and historical studies in literary criticism. The Bulletin of

the International Masonic Congress of 1917 lists him as a Freemason. Henry C. Carey (1793-1879) Political economist. b. in Philadelphia, the son of Mathew Carey, an Irish publisher who fled to America in 1784 to escape prosecution for attacks on British government. Henry continued his father's publishing and bookselling business from 1817-35 when he retired to devote himself to study and writing. He was the author of Principles of Political Economy (183740) in three volumes, and The Principles of Social Science (1858-59) in three volumes. He was raised in Lodge No.3, Philadelphia on January 21, 1817.

James B. Carey Judge, Delaware Supreme Court since 1945. b. Feb. 17, 1905. Graduated from Univ. of Delaware (1926) and Temple Univ. (1931). Admitted to Pennsylvania bar in 19'31 and Delaware bar in 1936. Practiced law in Georgetown, Del. from 1936-45. Member and past master of Franklin Lodge No. 12, Georgetown, Del. Past grand marshal of Grand Lodge of Delaware. Member of Hope Chapter No.7, R.A.M. and Joppa Council No.3, R. & S.M. both of Georgetown; 32 0 AASR (NJ) at Wilmington; Evergreen No. 49, Tall Cedars and member of Kent and Sussex Past Masters' Association.

Jeremiah C'arhart (1813-1868) Inventor. b~ Sept. 1813 in Dutchess Co., N.Y., he received no extended education, but when 15 learned the cabinet making trade and became adept in the use of tools. He moved to Buffalo where he perfected several inventions between 1836-46, including the exhaustion bellows and tubular reed-

board for reed instruments. With E. P. Needham, he founded firm of Carhart and Needham, moving to New York City where they manufactured melodeons and organs. His Blue Lodge is not known, but he was a member of Jerusalem Chapter No. 8, N.Y.C. d. Aug. 16, 1868. 1st Marquess of Carisbrooke (Alexander Albert Mountbatten) b. Nov. 22, 1886. His father was the third son of Prince Alexander, of Hesse, brother of the ruling grand duke, Prince Louis of Battenberg, later the Marquess of Milford Haven, was the elder brother of Prince Henry, and married Princess Victoria of Hesse, granddaughter of the late Queen Victoria. Their eldest daughter, Princess Alice of Battenberg married Prince Alexander of Greece and is the mother of H.R.H., Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburg and royal consort of Queen Elizabeth. The family name was changed from Battenberg to Mountbatten in 1914 at the outbreak of WWl when there was a popular outcry against names of Teutonic origin. The marquisate of Carisbrooke was created in 1917, taking its name from Carisbrooke Castle on the Isle of Wight. The Marquess was educated at Wellington College and went to sea as a midshipman on the H.M.S. Britannia, the royal yacht, remaining in the navy from 1902-08. Commissioned as lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards in 1911, he was promoted to captain three years later. He served throughout the War of 1914-18, subsequently on the staff, retiring in 1919. A member of Prince of Wales Lodge No. 259, the lodge connected with .the royal family, he served as master in 1952 and as grand steward of the Grand Lodge of England in that year. In 1956 he was master of Royal Colonial Institute Lodge No. 3556. He has served on the board for the Royal Masonic Institution for Boys for several years.


Carl XIII Carl xm King of Sweden (see Charles XIII)

general in 1865 and major general in U.S. forces. He was raised in Montezuma Lodge No. 109 in New Mexico, chartered by the Grand Lodge of Missouri, and is later thought to have belonged to San Diego Lodge No. 35, San Diego, Calif.

Carl XIV, John King of Sweden (see Charles XIV) Carl XV, Ludwig Eugen King of Sweden (see Charles XV)

Will Carleton (1845-1912) American poet. b. Oct. 21, 1845 at Hudson, Mich. In newspaper work at Hillsdale, Mich., Detroit, Chicago, Boston and New York and became editor of Everywhere, a monthly published in Brooklyn. Lecturer and reader of his own works in U.S. and Europe. Author of Farm Ballads, Farm Legends, Farm Festivals, Young Folks' Rhymes, City Ballads., City Legends, City Festivals, Rhymes of OUT Planet, The Old Infant and many others. Mason. d. Dec.. 18, 1912.

Father Antoine Carles ( ?-1824) French Catholic priest, an Austrian by birth, who was chaplain of L'Esperance Lodge in Savannah, Georgia. This lodge was composed of French Roman Catholic refugees from the "black uprising" of San Domingo. He first settled in Pennsylvania, but in 1803 moved to Savannah. He was associated with John Paul Jones q.v. in France as well as Benjamin Franklin q.v. French Naval Captain Denis Nicholas Cottineau was buried from his home on Broughton St. in Savannah on Nov. 30, 1808. He returned to France after the Bourbons were restored and died in 1824, just after completing Easter services at the Cathedral of Bordeaux. James H. Carleton (1814-1873) Major General U.S. Army. Fought in the Aroostook war of 1839 as a lieutenant of the Maine volunteers on the N.E. boundary of the U.S. Later with the 1st U.S. Dragoons and was with Kearny's expedition to the Rocky Mountains in 1846. In the Mexican War he was made captain and then major, serving with General Wool in Mexico and cited in the battle of Buena Vista. After the Mexican War, he engaged in exploration and expeditions against hostile Indians. In one expedition against the Utes and Apaches, Kit Carson q.'V. was his guide. He led the "California Column" in the Civil War across the Yuma and Gila deserts to Mesilla, on the Rio Grande, and in April, 1862 was ordered to relieve General Canby q.'V. as commander of the department of New Mexico, where he remained for several years. Advanced to brigadier

Richard Carlile (1790-1843) Printer and bookseller of London who wrote and published several pretended exposes of Freemasonry, which after his death,. were collected in one volume under the title of A Manual of Freemasonry (in three parts). An atheist and freethinker, he was inprisoned for the publication of Paine's Age of Reason and Palmer's Light of Nature. His Masonic works are interspersed with considerable learning, and are not as abusive of the craft as most expositions generally are. Carlini English sculptor. Early member of the Lodge of Nine Muses No. 325 in London, and one of the four members of this lodge to be original members of the Royal Academy at its foundation in 1768. Evans F. Carlson (1896-1947) Brigadier General, U.S. Marine Corps. b. Feb. 26, 1896 at Sidney, N.Y. Entered army in 1912 and served in Philippines, Hawaii, Mexican border, France and Germany and was memher of Pershing's staff. Entered Marine Corps in 1922 and served in West


Henry, 4th Earl of Carnarvon Indies, Nicaragua, and observer with Chinese armies. He joined Chinese guerrilla forces in penetrations behind Japanese lines. Resigned from Marine Corps to lecture and write in 1939 but reentered in 1941 as commander of 2nd Marine Raider Bn. which became known as "Carlson's Raiders," advancing ÂŁrom colonel to brigadier general. Retired in 1946 as result of wounds. d. May 27, 1957. Mason, member of Scottish Rite.

Frank Carlson Former Governor and u.s. Senator from Kansas. b. Jan. 23, 1893 at Concordia, Kansas. Farmer and stockman since 1914; member of Kansas state legislature, 1929-33 and governor of Kansas, term of 1947. U.S. senator from Kansas, 1951-57. Served as private in army, WWl. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 113, Concordia and 33 0 AASR (8J).

George A. Carlson (1876 . . 1926) Governor of Colorado from 1915-17. b. Oct. 23, 1876 at Alta, Iowa. Graduate of Colorado State Normal and Univ. of Colorado. Admitted to Idaho bar in 1904 and practiced at Lewiston, removing to Colorado in 1905, practicing at Fort Collins. After governorship he resumed practice at

Denver. d. I>ec. 6,


Wilbur G. Carlson Dairy expert. b. May 11, 1904 at Madison, Wis. Editor of Pure Milk Products Press in 1931-32; director of Wisconsin Agricultural Authority, 1939-39; executive with Kraft Foods, 1940-49. Technical specialist with Quartermaster Corps in WW2 in France and Germany. Director of livestock products, division of Foreign Agricultural Service, Dept. of Agriculture since 1954. Cofounder of American Dairy Association. Was secretary general of first World Congress for Milk Utilization in 1953. Mason, 32 0 AASR and Shrin-


Doyle E. Carlton Governor of Florida from 1929-33. b. Ju1y 6, 1887 at Wauchula, Fla. Graduate of Univ. of Chicago and Columbia Univ. Admitted to Florida bar and began practice at Tampa in 1912. Member OI Florida state senate from 1917-19:. He received his first degree on April 27, 1909 in St. John's Lodge No. 37, DeLand, Fla., his second degree on July 7, 1911 in Damascus Lodge No. 888, Chicago, and his third in Hillsborough Lodge No. 25, Tampa, on Sept. 29, 1915, affiliating with the latter lodge. Newcomb Carlton (1869-19S3) President (ret.) of Western Union Telephone and Telegraph Co. 191433, chairman of the board 1933-43 and honorary chairman 1943-49. b. Feb. 19, 1869 at Elizabeth, N.J. Graduate of Harvard and Colgate. Began as a mechanical engineer in Buffalo, N.Y. in 1891, becoming vice president of Bell Telephone of Buffalo in 1902 and vice president of Westinghouse Electric in 1904. In 1910 he was made vice president of Western Union. Life trustee of American Academy in Rome, grand officer of Crown of Italy, and holder of French Legion of Honor. Member of Kane Lodge No. 454, New York City. d. March 12, 1953. Henry, 4th Earl of Carnarvon (Henry Howard Molyneux) (1831-1890) Undersecretary for the colonies in 1858-59 and colonial secretary, 186667, 1874-78. He presented bill for the federation of North American provinces in 1867, abolished slavery on the African Gold Coast in 1874 and favore.d federation for South Africa. Resigned in 1878 in opposition to breach of neutrality in Russo-Turkish conflict. As lord lieutenant of Ireland (1885-86) , he favored limited self government, and resigned in opposition to Gladstone's home rule bill. He was grand master of the Grand Lodge of England in 1870-74,


Henry, Marquis of Carnarvon

tary under Gladstone 1886, 1892..94, holding to policy of distrust of Russia; firmness with France during Egyptian trouble. Was governor of New South Wales from 1888-1891 and at the same time served as the first grand master of the United Grand Lodge of New South Wales, being installed Sept. 18, 1888. Prior to the union he was provincial grand master under English constitution. He was leader of the liberal opposition from 189596.

and from 1874-90 served as pro-grand master for H.R.H. Albert Edward, later King Edward VII. The office of pro-grand master must be held by a peer of the realm. and is created only when the grand master is a king or prince of royal blood. Henry, Marquis of Carnarvon (see 2nd Duke of Chandos) James, Marquis of Carnarvon (see 3rd Duke of Chandos) L. J. J. Caron Governor of the Celebes in Dutch East Indies, he was elected grand master of the N etherlands in 1945 succeeding the late General H. van Tongeren. The Chinese government conferred the high distinction of "Brilliant Jade of China" on him. He was a member of the committee sent to Syria by League of Nations when that nation declared. its independence. At the German invasion of Holland in 1938, he was grand orator and senior surviving grand officer after liberation. He was head of the first chapter of Royal Arch Masons established in Holland on Feb. 3, 1949 by the Grand Chapter of England. Grand Secretary, Sir Sydney White, of England was present at the consecration of the chapter as were other English notables.

Frank Carrington Theatrical producer. b. Sept. 13, 1901 at Angel Island, Calif. Began acting at the P'asadena Community Playhouse in 1915 and in 1925 he organized his own Shakespeare company. In 1944-45 he was producer for Theatre Guild and the Shuberts. He was the co-founder of The Paper Mill Playhouse, N.J. in 1934 and since that time has directed over 150 plays and musicals. He stud路 ied subsidized theatres in England, France and Germany in 1937 and was with the U.S. Navy in WW1. Raised Oct. 24, 1923 in Hope Lodge No. 124, East Orange, N.J.

Admiral Carraciola Italian naval officer and Freemason who during the uprising at Naples in 1799 was hanged from the masthead of his own vessel and his body thrown into the sea. Lord Carrington (Archibald Philip, 5th Earl of Primrose) (1847-1929). Left Oxford without a degree because he owned race horses. An avid sportsman, he won the Derby three times (1894, 1895, 1905). Was prime minister of Britain (1894-95) following Gladstone. Undersecretary for home department with charge of Scottish affairs from 1881-83; visited Australia in 1883-84. Foreign secre-

Charles Carroll, Jr. Son of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence. Although the family was strong Roman Catholic, Schultz in his History of Freemasonry in Maryland states that Charles, Jr. was a Free.. mason in a Maryland Lodge. Daniel Carroll q.v., cousin of Charles Carroll of Carrollton was definitely a Mason. Daniel Carroll (1-1829) Member of the Continental Congress of 1780.. 84 and a delegate to the convention that framed the U.S. Constitution. He was also a representative in congress in 1789-91, when in the latter year he was appointed commissioner for sur.. veying the District of Columbia. His farm formed the site of the present city of Washington, D.C. He was 'a


Christopher I'Kit" Carson cousin of Charles Carroll, signer of the Declaration of Independence (see Charles Carroll, Jr.). He was raised in Maryland Lodge No. 16, Baltimore, Md. on May 8, 1781. His birth date is not known, but he lived to an advanced age.

Horace Bailey Carroll Historian, editor and college professor. b. April 29, 1903 at Gatesville, Texas. Taught at Texas Technical College, Texas Univ., Texas Wesleyan, Hillsboro College, West Texas State College, Eastern New Mexico College, Texas Agricultural College. Professor of history in Texas Univ. since 1946. Director of Texas State Historical Association since 1946. Editor of Southwestern Historical Quarterly. Associate editor of Panhandle-Plains Historical Review. Editor of several volumes on S.W. American history. Member of Yellowhouse Lodge No. 841, Lubbock, Texas. Thomas K. Carroll Governor of Maryland in 1829. Joined Somerset Lodge No. 49, Princess Anne, Md. "upon reaching his maturity." Later associated with Washington Lodge No.3, Baltimore and Concordia Lodge No. 13, Baltimore. Served as deputy grand master of the Grand Lodge of Maryland. Arthur J. Canuth,. Jr. Journalist and editor. b. July 26, 1887 at Clinton, N.Y. With the Topeka State Journal since 1908. Managing editor in 1914. Columnist, editor and copublisher from 1933-40. Director of North American Light & Power Co. since 1942. Mason. Christopher "Kit" Carson (18091868) One of America's most famous plainsmen, Indian scouts, guide, trapper and soldier.. b. Dec. 24, 1809 in Madison Co., Ky. While an infant, his parents moved to Howard Co., Mo. which was then a wilderness. At the a~e of 15 h~ was apprenticed

to a saddler, but ran away after two years (in 1826) to join a party of hunters in Santa Fe, N.M. His em.. ployer advertised in the Missouri Intelligencer, offering one cent reward for his return. For eight years he lived the life of a plains trapper and was then appointed hunter for the garrison at Bent's Fort, where he remained eight more years. Carson was closely associated with Charles Bent q.'V. and married Josefa Jaramillo, sister of Bent's wife. Next he served as guide for General John C. Fremont q.v., "The Pathfinder," on his first expedition-and later others, including the famous one to California in 1843-44. In 1851 he settled down to ranching, 50 miles east of Taos. In 1853, he drove 6,500 head of sheep over the mountains to CaliÂŁ.-a hazardous undertaking at that time, and on his return to Taos, was appointed Indian agent. He was perhaps better known among the western Indians than any other white man. He knew their habits, customs; understood their mode of warfare; and spoke their language as a mother tongue. Under this appointment, he was largely instrumental in bringing about the treaties between the Indians and the U.S. At the advent of the Civil War he was made colonel of a New Mexico regiment and later breveted brigadier-general for his achievements. After the war, he returned to his appointment as Indian agent. Unlike Inost frontiersmen, he was modest almost to the point of bashfulness. He received his degrees in Montezuma Lodge No. 109 (then under Missouri charter): EA March 29, 1854, FC June 17, 1854; MM Dec. 26, 1854. When Bent Lodge No. 204 (named after his friend) was chartered by Missouri in Taos on Dec. 15, 1859, Carson demitted to it on April 30, 1860 and became its first junior warden. However circumstances forced the lodge to surrender its char-


Enoch Terry Carson Raised Feb. 21, 1928 in Lathrop Lodge No. 676, Canton, Ohio. 320 AASR (NJ) April 6, 1928 at Cleveland and member of AI Koran Shrine Temple and Nazir Grotto.

ter in 1864 and in 1865 Carson again affiliated with his mother lodge (Montezuma) and remained a member until his death on May 24, 1868.. Carson City, Nev. is named for him, as is Carson Lodge No.1, Nev. His brother was Moses B. Carson q.'V.

Ken Carson Radio star. Born at Carman, Canada in 1910. Member of Hollywood Lodge No. 355, Hollywood, Calif.

Enoch Teny Carson (1822-1899) Masonic scholar. b. Sept. 18, 1822 in Hamilton Co., Ohio. An active worker in all rites and bodies of Freemasonry. Was an active 33掳 and deputy for Ohio in the AASR. He printed, at his own expense, many important works on Freemasonry, including the first facsimile of the Book of Constitutions of 1723 in 1855. His valuable Masonic library was acquired by General Samuel C. Lawrence of Medford, Mass. q.?)'. at the close of the last century. General Lawrence bequeathed it to the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. Carson was raised in Cynthia Lodge No. 155 in 1846 and served as its master. He was also the founder and first master of Kilwinning Lodge No. 356 in 1865.

Moses B. Carson Founded Mis~ souri Fur Company with two other Freemasons-Joshua Pilcher and Joseph Perkins. They were in competition with the American Fur Company headed by brothers Pierre Chouteau, Jr. and Bartholomew Berthold. Moses was a brother of Kit Carson q.'V., the famous plainsman. Their father brought them from Kentucky and they settled at Old Franklin in Howard county on the Missouri river. It was here that Moses was initiated, passed and raised in Franklin Union Lodge No.7 i.ri 1826. He was a member of a niUnary company at Fort Hempsted in 1812.

Harry R. Carson (1869-1948) Bishop of Protestant Episcopal Church. b. Dec. 8, 1869 at Norristown, Pa. Deacon, 1895; priest, 1896; general missionary (La.) 1895-98; chaplain 2nd La. Vol. Inf. of Spanish-American War; rector at Franklin and Monroe, La.; archdeacon of Northern La. 191012; chaplain of Ancon Hospital, Canal Zone 1913-22 and also archdeacon of Panama; bishop of Haiti from Jan. 10, 1923 and also in charge of Dominican Republic from 1928-43. Mason. Henderson H. Carson Congressman, 78th and 80th Congresses (194345, 1947-49) from 16th Ohio district. b. Oct. 25, 1893 at Cadiz, Ohio. Lawyer. With legal department of Pennsylvania Railroad in 1915. Entered private practice, but retained railroad connection. Specializes in insurance law. Served in field artillery in WWl.

William L. Carss (1865-1931) Congressman from 8th Minnesota dist. to 66th, 69th and 70th Congresses (1919-21 and 1925-29). b. Feb. 15, 1865 at Pella, Iowa. Mason.

Benjamin E. Carter (1894-1943) Justice, Supreme Court of Arkansas. b. Nov. 1, 1894 at Texarkana, Ark. Graduate of Harvard in 1916. Practiced law in Texarkana from 1922. Named to supreme court in 1943. d. April 11, 1943. Mason.

Edward F. Carter Justice, Supreme Court of Nebraska since 1935. b. March 11, 1897 at Middlebranch, Nebr. Admitted to bar in 1919 and practiced fu Bayard, Nebr. until 1927 when he became 路judge of the 17th district. He served as judge on the 5th Military Tribunal, Nurnberg, Germany, to try major German war criminals in 1947-48. Served in WWl.


William C. Carter Raised in Scotts Bluff Lodge No..201, Gering, Nebr. Feb. 22, 1929 and past master of same. Grand master of Grand Lodge of Nebraska in 1941. Member of Oregon Trail Chapter No. 65, R.A.M., Gering; Lincoln Council No.4, R. & S.M. and Mt. Moriah Commandery No.4, K.T. of Lincoln; consistory membership at Alliance; 33° AASR (SJ); member of Shrine, Red Cross of Constantine, High Twelve and Eastern Star.

Frank J. Carter Vice president of Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co.. b. Dec. 20,1900 at Warren, Ark. Started with Goodyear as a trainee in 1922, advancing to vice president in charge of industrial relations in 1956. Mason, 32° AASR and Shriner. Fred A. Carter (1870-1948) President and general manager of American Textile Woolen Co. from 1910. b. Oct. 14, 1870 in Sweetwater, Tenn. Started as a laborer, clerk and bookkeeper and became secretary-treasurer of Sweetwater Woolen Mills in 1892, going to the American Textile Woolen Co. in 1906 in the same position. Mason, 32° AASR and Shriner. d. Feb. 17, 1948. George H. C81 ter (1874-1948) Public printer of the U.S. from 1921-34. b. Sept. 10, 1874 at Mineral Point, Wis. Degrees from Univ. of Iowa and George Washington Univ. Worked as editor and political writer of several Iowa newspapers from 1890 to 1907 when he went to the Washington (D.C.) Post. He served as secretary of the Printing Investigation Commission in Washington in 1910-11 and as clerk of the J oint Committee on Printing, U.S. Congress from 191121. Mason, 33° AASR, Knight Templar, Shriner and member of Royal Order of Scotland.. d. Oct. 23, 1948. 4

Jesse F. Carter (1873-1943) Justiee, Supreme Court of South Carolina. b. Sept. 12, 1873 at Lodge, S.C.

Admitted to bar in 1905 and practiced in Bamberg, S.C. until 1927 when he was elected associate justice of the state supreme court. He was reelected in 1930 and again in 1940. He was a member of the state senate TIa 192527. Mason. d. Nov. 5, 1943. Jesse W. Carter Justice, Supreme Court of California. b. Dec. 19, 1888 at Carrville, Calif. Admitted to California bar in 1913 and practiced in San Francisco and then Redding. Appointed to supreme court bench in 1939. Raised in Western Star Lodge No.2, Shasta, Calif. in 1914, serving as master in 1922 and senior grand steward of the Grand Lodge of California in 1922. 32° AASR (SJ) in Sacramento Consistory; Ben Ali Shrine Temple of Sacramento and honorary life member of AI Malaikah Temple, Los Angeles. Honorary member of DeMalay Legion of Honor. Joseph H. Carter President of Pittsburgh Steel Co. b. 1893 in Harvey, Ill. Graduate of Rase Polytechnic Institute in 1916. Mason and Shriner. Thomas J. Carter Commanding officer, u.S. Naval Hospital at Portsmouth since 1953. b. July 3, 1899 at Lawrence, Kans. Served in Navy in WW1. Commissioned in 1927, advancing to captain in 1943. Has served as naval medical officer throughout the world. Raised in Lawrence Lodge No.6,. Lawrence, Kansas in 1926. Thomas M. Carter Bandmaster. Made a Mason in Newburyport, Mass. Knighted in Boston Commandery in 1889, he took an active part in the musical side of Freemasonry. He is the composer of the Boston Commandery March. William C. Carter President of Link-Belt Co. 1942-46 and chairman of executive committee since 1946. b. Oct. 10, 1881 at Homer, lli. Graduated from Univ. of Illinois and started


William S. Carter with Link-Belt Co. in 1902 as a draftsman. Raised in Olympia Lodge No. 864, Chicago, Ill. in 1904.

William S. Carter (1859-1923) Labor executive. b. Aug. 11, 1859 at Austin, Texas. Was fireman and engineer on railroads in Texas, Colo. and Mexico from 1789..94, and editor of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemens magazine until 1903, when he became general secretary and treasurer of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. He was president of the organization :from 1909 until 1918. In 1918 he became director, Division of Labor of U.S. Railroad Administration. In 1920 he was elected president of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Engineers, a position which he held until his death on Mar. 15, 1923. Mason. .Julius VictorCarus (1823-1903) German zoolqgist and a professor at Leipzig from 1853. He authored a history of zoology and translated most of Darwin's works. The bulletin of the International Masonic Congress lists him as a Freemason. Ugo C'arusi Former U.S. Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization (1945-47) and chairman of Displaced Persons Commission since 1948. b. Mar. 17, 1902 in Carrara, Italy and brought to the u.s. in 1902. Was secretary and assistant to U.S. attorney general from 1925-30. Was official delegate of u.s. at first international congress on criminology in Rome, 1938. Raised in Justice Lodge No. 46, Washington, D.C. on May 31, 1927. 32° AASR (SJ) in Washington, D.C. and presently guardian of the temple in Evangelist Chapter of Rose Croix. Member of Almas Shrine Temple, Washington. Elbert N. Carvel Governor of Delaware, 1949-53. b. Feb. 9, 1910 at Shelter Island Heights, N.Y. Graduated from Univ. of Baltimore in 1931.

President of Valliant Fertilizer Co. of Laurel, Del. since 1945. Lieutenant governor of Delaware from 1945-49. Raised in Hope Lodge No.4, Laurel, Del.· in 1946 and junior steward of his lodge in 1957. 32° AASR (NJ); Nur Shrine Temple; Evergreen Forest, Tall Cedars and National Sojourners.

Edgar M. Carver Vice President of Dodge Mfg. Company. b. Oct. 22,1886 at Morton, Ind. B.S. and M.E. degrees from Purdue. Employed by the Dodge company since 1909, beginning as a draftsman. Was general superintendent from 1927 and now vice president and director. Served in WW1 with Army Ordnance. Raised in Tippicanoe Lodge No. 492, Lafayette, Ind. about 1907. Glover H., Cary (1885-1936) Congressman from Kentucky to 72nd and 74th Congresses (1931-33 and 1935-37) and 73rd Congress (1933-35). b. May 1, 1885 at Calhoun, Ky. Admitted to Kentucky bar in 1909 and began practice in Owensboro. Mason. d. Dec. 5, 1936.

John Proby, 1st Lord Carysfort Grand master of the Grand Lodge of England (Moderns) from 1752 to 1754. Thomas Casady Bishop, Protestant Episcopal church. b. June 6, 1881 at Des Moines, Iowa. Graduate of Univ. of Iowa in 1902. Deacon, 1906; priest, 1907. Served as rector in Oelwein and Des Moines, Iowa, Pueblo, Colo. and Omaha, Nebr. Elected bishop of Oklahoma on June 2, 1927, and consecrated Oct. 2, 1927. Elected presidento£ the Province of the Southwest in 1944. Mason.

Peter Casanave Master of George.. town Lodge No.9 of Maryland (now Potomac No.5 of D.C.) who laid the cornerstone of the White House on Oct. 17, 1792. Like James Hoban q.'V. the architect, Casanave was a


Francis H. Case

devout Romanist. At the time of the cornerstone laying, Casanave was probably a young man in his mid.. twenties. A copy of his will dated Apri114, 1856 and probated March 31, 1860, is in the archives of Potomac Lodge. Casanave gave "an oration well adapted to the occasion" at the laying of the stone.

Casanova, or Casanova de Seingalt Born Giovanni Jacopo in Venice, Italy, of family of actors. He was educated for the priesthood and showed brilliance of mind and wit, but was expelled for scandalous conduct from Seminary of St. Cyprian in 1741. He then became secretary in the household of Cardinal Aquaviva, followed by a spell in the Venetian army at Corfu. He was by turn a preacher, abbe, alchemist, cabalist, .gambler, and violin player. For 20 years he roamed Europe, alternately in fortune and distress. Skeptic and sensualist, he was involved in one intrigue after another. He was imprisoned as a spy in Venice in 1755. As director of the state lotteries in Paris, he accumulated a fortune. He ,vas an agent of Louis XV. He made acquaintance with the great of his day, including the pope (who bestowed him with the papal order of the Golden Spur). He was alternately forced to flee Russia, France, Spain and Italy. He is best known for his Memoirs, which although a cynical record of his rogueries and amours, is of great historical importance. He was thought to have entered Freemasonry in Lyons in 1750. The Craft must have had a mighty appeal to this wild adventurer without morals, for scattered through his Memoirs are numerous references to Freemasonry. He advised all young men, well-born, who wished to become of value in society to become Freemasons "even though it would only be to know superficially what it is." He defended the fraternity with unmeasured scorn

from those who thought it political, anarchistic or subversive. He asked young men to "choose well the Lodge, for although bad company cannot work in the Lodge, it may however be found there and the candidate 'Ought to guard himself against dangerous associations." What is really remarkable, however, is his reverent appreciation of the inner content of the art. He asserted that the real secrets of the fraternity were not in its symbols or words, but were to be found only in reflection, reason, comparison and deduction. He averred that the secret of Freemasonry, discovered by the individual, cannot be imparted to another.


Clarence E. Case Chief Justice, Supreme Court of New Jersey. b. Sept. 24, 1877 at Jersey City, N.J. Admitted to N.J. bar in 1903. Judge o£county court, secretary to president of N.J. senate, member of senate from 191829; acting governor of New Jersey in 1920. Justice of N.J. supreme court, 1929-46 and chief justice £roln 194548 when court was terminated. Was senior associate justice on the new court from 1948. Mason.

Francis, H. Case U.S. Senator from South Dakota. b. Dec.· 9, 1896 at Everly, Iowa. Graduate of Dakota Wesleyan, and Northwestern Universities. Was assistant editor of the Epworth Herald, Chicago in 1920-22 and afterward editor of Rapid City (S.D.) Daily Journal, Hot Springs (S.D.) Star, C'USter (S.D.) Chronicle. He was Congressman from 2nd S.D. dist. to 75th to 81st Congresses (1937-51), and u.S. Senator from South Dakota since 1951.. Served in Marine Corps, WW1, as a private and later a major in Marine Corps Reserve. Member of Custer City Lodge No. 66, Custer, S. Dak.; Black Hills Chapter No. 25, R.A.M.; Black Hills Council No.3, R. & S.M.; Schrader Commandery No.. 9,K.T. all of Rapid City, S. Dak. Was


Norman Sâ&#x20AC;˘. Case in 1953 and general manager of the Naugatuck (Conn.) chemical division. Raised in Shepherd Lodge No. 478 at Naugatuck, Conn. in 1924 and served as master of same. Member of Allerton Chapter No. 39, R.A.M. Naugatuck.

member of Acacia fraternity at Northwestern Univ.

Norman S. Case Governor of Rhode Island, three terms (1928-33). b. Oct. 11, 1888 at Providence, R.I. Graduate of Brown, Harvard and Boston Universities. Admitted to bar in 1911. Was lieutenant governor of Rhode Island in 1927-28. Member of Federal Communications Commission 1934-45 and now senior member of law firm of Case & Wozencraft, Washington, D.C. Served as an officer in Mexican border campaign and overseas in WWl with a machine gun battalion and later with General Staff, A.E.F. Raised in Corinthian Lodge No. 27, Providence, R.I. on May 8, 1817 and a past master of his lodge. Member of Tall Cedars of Lebanon.

Marion M. Caskie Vice President of Reynolds Metals Company. b. July 29, 1890 at Remington, Va. First an accountant for Southern Railroad, he engaged in practice before Interstate Commerce Commission and came to Reynolds Metals as traffic executive in 1930. He has been executive vice president and director of Reynolds Metals since 1940. Mason. Albin R. Caspar Vice President of Great Northern Paper Company. b. July 20, 1896 at Lisbon Falls, Me. With Great Northern since 1919, successively as pulp mill foreman, assistant superintendent of paper and pulp mill, assistant manager of manufacturing and vice president and manager of sales. Mason. Served in Navy in WWl.

Robert o. Case Author of western books. b. Oct. 8, 1895 at Dallas, Texas. Graduate of Univ. of Oregon. After serving as reporter and financial editor of the Morning Oregonian~ Portland, he began as a professional writer in 1924. Among his many books are: Just Buckaroo Riders of the Grande Ronde, The Yukon Drive, A Pair O'Mavericks, Dynamite SmithCowboy, Whispering Valley~ The Loop, Big Timber, Wings, North, Golden Portage, West of Barter River and The Empire Builders. Contributor of fiction to Saturday Evening Post and Colliers. Mason. Charles C. Casey (1881-1946) President of Western State College of Colorado from 1930. b. Dec. 5, 1881. Was principal of high school and supt. of schools in Longmont, Colo. from 1909-30. Mason, 32° AASR. d. July 31, 1946. John E. Caskey Vice president of U.S. Rubber Company. b. Feb. 29, 1892 in Fairmont, Ind. Graduate of Ohio State Univ. in 1915. Has been with U.S. Rubber since graduation from college, becoming vice president

Lewis Cass (1782'-1866) General, Governor of Michigan, Secretary of War, Minister to France, U.S. Senator, Secretary of State and candidate for president. b. Oct. 9, 1782 at Exeter, N.Y., he practiced law at Zanesville, Ohio in 1802. He was made a Mason in old American Union Lodge No.1 at Marietta, Ohio (EA Dec. 5, 1803, Fe April 2, 1804, MM May 7, 1804). He was admitted a member of Amity Lodge No.5, Zanesville June 24, 1805. After a term in congress he was named U.s. marshal of Ohio (1807-13). An early volunteer in the War of 1812 he became a brigadier general. Following the defeat of the British in the Battle of the Thames, he was given command of the garri.. son at Detroit and in 1813 appointed civil governor of the territory of Michigan-a position he held for


Francisco Pio Pacheco Castilla nearly 18 years. During this time his constructive administration opened up the territory. Travelling 5,000 miles by canoe, he negotiated more than 20 treaties with the Indians. In 1831-36 he was secretary of war in Jackson's cabinet. In 1836-42 he was U.S. minister to France, and returned home to run for president, but a deadlock with Van Buren resulted in election of Polk. Michigan sent him. to the U.S. senate from 1845-57. He again ran for president against Zachary Taylor and was defeated. Buchanan appointed him secretary of state in 1857, but when he found himself to be a mere figurehead, he resigned in 1860 and retired to his home in Detroit. Cass received the four degrees of the chapter in American Union Royal Arch Chapter on the same day-Aug. 17, 1804. He later became the first high priest of Monroe Chapter No.1, Detroit on Feb. 7, 1821. He helped organize the Grand Lodge of Ohio and was its grand master from 1810-13. Upon moving to De.. trait, he affiliated with Zion Lodge No.1 and was the first grand master of Michigan in 1826. After the antiMasonic furor died down he was again installed grand master in 1844. d. June 17, 1866. Andres Cassard Masonic writer, member of La Fraternidad Lodge No. 387, New York City. Senior grand deacon of Grand Lodge of New York in 1859 and 33掳 AASR. Archibald, 15th Earl of Cassillis (see Marquess of Ailsa) John, 7th Earl of Cassillis Prominent figure in the Revolution of 1688. He was deacon, or路head, of the Lodge Kilwinning in 1672.

Stephen Cassin (1783-1857) U.s.. naval officer. b. Feb. 16, 1783 in Philadelphia, Pa. and entered the navy as a midshipman in 1800. Advanced through lieutenant (1807) , master

(1814) and captain (1825). Both he and his father (another naval officer) served in the War of 1812. Stephen served with distinction in the war with Tripoli and commanded the Ticonderoga in Macdonough's victory on Lake Champlain. For this he was awarded a gold medal by congress. He was a terror to the pirates that infested the West Indies, and captured four of their vessels in Sept., 1822. He was a member of Holland Lodge No.8, New York City. d. Aug. 29, 1857. Emilio Castelar (y RipolI) (18321899) Spanish statesman, orator and writer. Was professor of history in Madrid 1856-65, exiled to France in 1866, returning to teach again from 1868-75. As a deputy to the Cortes in 1869 he advocated the republic and separation of church and state. After the proclamation of the republic in 1873 he was minister of foreign affairs and prime minister 1873-74 and deputy 1876-93. The bulletin of the International Masonic Congress (1917) lists him as a Freemason.

Juan Jose Castelli (1764-1812) Argentine patriot, lawyer and politician of indomitable courage. He was a member of the Lautaro Lodge and took an active part in the struggle for independence. He was a member of the first governing "junta." Francisco Pio Pacheco Castilla (1826-1896) Roman Catholic priest of Costa Rica who was a member of Esperanza Lodge No.2 and Maraville Lodge No. 12. b. July 9, 1826, he was ordained priest in 1849. In 1851 he was in Guatemala at the consecration of Monsignor Llorente and returned with him to Costa Rica. In 1874 he was a deputy to the constitutional congress. Served as orator and junior warden of his lodge. d. Aug. 20, 1896.


Aleiandro Aguilar Castillo Alejandro Aguilar Castillo Costa Rican patriot. Deputy to constitutional congress in 1874. Spoke against the Jesuits in 1875 and aided in their expulsion :from Co'sta Rica. A charter member of Esperanza Lodge No. 2, he founded Maraville Lodge No. 12 and Lodge No.. 19 in San Jose. Was officer of Supreme Council AASR. William I" Castle (1836-1909) Operatic tenor. b. Dec. 22, 1836 in England. Studied music in New York, London and Milan and was leading tenor of English opera for 30 years. Made debut as concert singer in New York, 1861 and in opera in 1864. Sang in Europe 1872-74 and retired from stage in 1891. Later he became vocal director of the Chicago Musical College. He was raised in St. Cecile Lodge No. 568, New York City on Jan. 20, ·1867. d. in 1909. Jose Antonio Pinto Castro Governor of San Juan, Costa Rica, secretary of state and president of the supreme court at his death. He prohibited the Jesuits from entering the country. He belonged to Lodge Caridad No. 26 and was master of No.3.

Richard Caswell (1729-1789) General of American Revolution, Governor of North Carolina and member of Continental Congress. b. Aug. 3, 1729 in Maryland, he moved to North Carolina in 1746. Became a colonel early in the Revolution and was in command at battle of Moore's Creek where he defeated a large body of Loyalists. Delegate to congress in 1774-75 and again in 1787-89 when the Federal constitution was framed and ratified. He was president of the provincial congress which framed the state constitution in Nov. 1776 and governor of the state in 1777-79 and again in 1784-86. In 1780 he led state troops in the disastrous battle of Camden. Where he was initiated is unknown, but he was "healed" Dec. 28, 1772 in St. John's Lodge No.3, New Bern, N.C. He was elected deputy grand master of North Carolina Dec. 11, 1787 and grand master Nov. 18, 1788. d. Nov. 20, 1789.

Thomas H. Caswell (1825..1900) 11th Grand Commander, Southern Supreme Council AASR (1894-1900). b. Aug. 10, 1825 at Exeter, N.Y. He served as grand high priest of the Dr. Jose Maria Castro (1818-1892) Grand Chapter of California, R.A.M. President of the Republic of Costa and was grand secretary of the same Rica in 1847-49 and again 1866-68. -also grand lecturer for 37 years. He He was founder and rector of Santo was grand commander of the Grand Tomas University and was one of the Commandery, K.T. of Calif. and founders of the Scottish Rite of Cen- served as recorder of that state body tral America and its first grand chan- for 20 years. He was also grand recorder of the Grand Council of Calif. cellor. He was initiated in Lafayette Lodge Julian Castro Venezuelan General U.D. at Nevada City, Cali£. on Dec. and tenth President of the Republic 10, 1850 and received his other deof Venezuela (1858-1860). He was 18°, grees in Nevada Lodge No. 13, Nevada City in May 1851. Received his AASR. 32° AASR at San Francisco on Oct. Tobias Zuniga Castro Diplomat 17, 1867, 33° July 9, 1868 and crowned and former Secretary of State of Costa active member of Supreme Council Rica. Was candidate for president, May 3, 1870. d.. Nov:13, 1900. deputy to constitutional congress and president of the charity board of Louis S" Cates Mining executive. San J ase.. Member of Union Fraternal b. Dec. 20, 1881 at Boston, Mass. Grad.. Lodge No. 19. uate of M.I.T. in 1902. Began as'mine


Roscoe A. Cattell operator in Mexico; in charge of construction at Bingham Canyon, Utah for Boston Consolidated Mining 190408 and was general manager in 1909,. With Utah Copper Co. 1919-30, first as assistant general manager, general manager and vice president; president of Phelps Dodge Corp., 1930-47 and chairman of board since 1947. Developed system making it economically possible by underground methods, to mine low grade ores. Member of Kane Lodge No. 454, New York City and past master of Canyon Lodge No. 13 Brigham City, Utah. 32掳 AASR (SJ) at Salt Lake City, Utah and El Kalah Shrine Temple, same city.

Catherine I, Czarina of Russia (1684?-1727) She was of Livonian peasant origin, taken prisoner in 1702 and made a serf of Prince Menshikov. She attracted the attention of Peter I (The Great) q.v. who established the first Masonic lodge in Russia. First she was his mistress and advisor. Later married him and succeeded him as empress in 1725-27. Shortly after their marriage in 1712 she obtained permission from P'eter to found the Order of St. Catherine, an order of knighthood for women only of which she was grand mistress. It was a quasi-Masonic body. Catherine IT (The Great) Empress of Russia (1729-1796) In 1762 she issued an edict against all Masonic meetings in her dominions, but subsequently learned the true character of the institution, and not only revoked her order, but invited the Freemasons to reestablish their lodges and constitute new ones. She reigned from 1762-96, and was followed by her son Paul I q.v.., who during the early part of his reign was a Freemason, but later fell under the influence of the Jesuits and Knights -of Malta and banned Freemasonry..

John D. Caton (1812-?) Chief Justice, illinois Supreme Court. b. March 19, 1812 in Monroe, N.Y. Set up law office in Chicago, Ill. 1833. He became judge of Illinois supreme court in 1842 and chief justice in 1855. He resigned in 1864, having acquired wealth in business. He traveled widely through Europe, China and Japan, and wrote extensively on his travels and nature subjects. A member of Occidental Lodge No. 40, Ottawa, Ill., he was master in 1846, 1851 and 1852. John Catron (1778-1865) Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court (183765). b. in Wythe Co., Va. Studied law and served in the New Orleans campaign under Jackson in War of 1812. Returned to Nashville, Tenn. to practice, and in 1824 was chosen one of the judges of the state bench and was its chief justice from 1830-36, when he retired. While on the bench, he did his utmost to suppress the practice of duelling, although he had been a noted duelist himself. He was a member of Cumberland Lodge No. 8, Nashville, Tenn.

Thomas B. Catron (?-19'21) U.S. Senator from New Mexico, 1912-17. b. in Lafayette Co., Mo. he received A.B. and A.M. from Univ. of Missouri. Began practice of law in New Mexico in 1867. Member of N. Mex. legislature for several terms and attorney general from 1869-72. He was U.S. attorney, dist.路 of N. Mex. 1872-79 and a delegate from his state to U.S. Congress in 1895-96. He was the first senior warden of the Santa Fe Lodge of Perfection (AASR).

Roscoe A. Cattell Chief of petroleum and natural gas division of Bureau of Mines since 1933. b. Jan. 6, 1892 at New Sharon, ra. Graduate of Univ. of Calif. 1916. Employed by oil companies in Calif., Okla., England and Algeria from 1916-20 and with Bureau of Mines since 1921. From 193




1925-33 he was chief of helium division, in charge of research, construction and operation of plants which produce the world's supply of helium gas. Member of Bartlesville Lodge No. 284, Bartlesville, Okla. since 1924.

Henry S. Caulfield Governor of Missouri 1929-33. b. Dec. 9, 1873 at St. Louis, Mo. Graduate of Washington Univ. 1895. Began law practice in St.. Louis in 1895. Member -of the 60th Congress from 11th district (1907-09) and judge of St. Louis court of appeals 1910-12. Raised May 9, 1922 in Tuscan Lodge No. 360, St. Louis, Mo. Peter F. Causey Former Governor of Delaware. Member of Temple Lodge No.. 9 at Milford and at one time was junior grand warden of the Grand Lodge of Delaware. Anthony Cavalcante U.S. Congressman, 81st Congress (1949-51) from 23rd Pa. district. b. Feb.. 6, 1897 at Vanderbilt, Pa. Graduate of Dickinson College and admitted to bar in 1924. Member of Pennsylvania state senate, 1935-43. Chief counsel for United Mine Workers of America, Dist. 4.. Served overseas with 110th In£., 28th Div. in WW1. Mason. Member of Order of Sons of Italy.. Peter A. Cavicchia U.S. Congressman 72nd-74th Congresses (1931-37) from New Jersey. b. May 22, 1879 in Italy and brought to U.S. at age of nine. Graduate of American International ColI. Began law practice at Newark, N.J. Mason. Past grand master of N.J. for Order Sons of Italy. Duque de Canas (Luiz Alves de Lima e Silva) (1803-1880) Brazilian general and statesman. b.. in Rio de Janeiro. He was commander in chief of the Brazilian army in war against Argentina in 1851-52 and as marshal in 1862 commanded forces in Sllccess£u1 war against Paraguay.. Made duke

by Dom Pedro I and was prime min.. ister in 1850, 1856-57, 1861-62 and 1875-78. Mason.

Roland B. Caywood (1890-1952) President of H. D. Lee Co., wholesale grocers. b. Aug. 24, 1890 at New Hartford, Iowa. Was with H. D. Lee Company, Kansas City, Mo. from 1910; vice president and general man.. ager from 1935. Mason. d. Jan. 7, 19502.. Elford A. Cederberg U.S. e'ongressman 83rd and 84th Congresses from 10th Michigan dist. b. March 6, 1918 at Bay City, Mich. Manager of Nelson Mfg. Co., Bay City, 1946~ 52. Mayor of Bay City 1949-53. Served in WW2 as Infantry major and was in Normandy invasion. Mason. Charles F. Cellarius Architect. b. July 28, 1891 at Dayton, Ohio. Graduate of Yale and M.I.T. An architect since 1921. At Berea College, Ky. he designed the library, Draper, and Art buildings; dormitories at Miami Dniv.; Norvrood, Ohio Masonic Temple; Eastern Hills Y.M.C.A. and Bond Hill school at Cincinnati; and was supervising architect for model town of Mariemont, Ohio. Served as Infantry lieutenant in WWl. Raised in Norwood Lodge No. 576, Nonvood, Ohio, about 1916 and also member of Trinity Commandery No. 193, K.T. of that city. 32° AASR (NJ) at Cincinnati and member of Syrian Shrine Temple, Cincinnati. Miguel Juarez CeIman (1844-1902) President of the Argentine Republic from 1886-90. A "get-rich-quick" fever, accompanied with unrestrained speculation on the stock market and corrupt public administration led to an unsuccessful revolt in 1890. It was led by L. N. Alem (who became grand master). In spite of the failure of the revolt, Celman was forced to resign. He was succeeded in office by Pellegrini q.'V. another Mason.


Chaillou (de Joinville) Anton J. Cermak (1873-1933) Mayor of Chicago, Ill. 1931-33. b. May 9, 1873 in Prague, Bohemia and came to U.s. with parents in 1874. Engaged in coal mining in Illinois until 1892 and in coal and wood business in Chicago until 1908. Organized partnership of Cermak & Serhant, real estate in 1908. Member of the 43rd to 46th general assemblies of illinois. He was fatally wounded on Feb. 15, 1933 in Miami, Fla. by a bullet intended for President F. D. Roosevelt and died March 6. He was a member of Lawndale Lodge No. 995, Chicago, Columbia Commandery, K.T., Chicago, the Shrine and Grotto.

De Witt Clinton, governor of New York and grand master of the grand lodge.. He also established a separate degree called Aaron's Band which worked as a separate body, but in 1825 the grand chapter, R.A..M. stopped it as an infringement on its degrees. Cerneau was also a member of the York Rite and in April, 1814 he is recorded as having visited Jerusalem Chapter No.8, N . Y.C. and acted as senior warden. The New York Grand Encampment Constitution of 1820 lists him as a past officer of the Grand Encampment of New York.. His rite spread to Puerto Rico and other states. He subsequently fell into disrepute and he left for France in December, 1827, where he died between the years 1840 and 1845 in comparative poverty.

Joseph Cerneau French jeweler who founded spurious rite in competition with Scottish Rite, known as "Cerneauism." b. in Villeblevin, Yonne, a department of central France. Cenon S. Cervantes Philippine paHe was probably a member of a triot and past grand master of the French lodge, but migrated to the Grand Lodge of the Philippines West Indies and became a member of (1951). b. March 29, 1903 at Davao Lodge Reunion des Coeurs at Port- City. During WW2 he received worldau-Prince, Santo Domingo and in wide attention by concealing $1,720,1802 was junior grand warden of the 000 in Philippine and American funds provincial grand lodge for the Is- during the Japanese occupation and land of St. Domingo. In 1804 the returning it to the reorganized govGrand Lodge of Pennsylvania grant- ernment after liberation. He also ed dispensation for a new lodge in served as an under-cover man for Havana, Cuba named Le Temple des Col.. Macario p'eralta in Panay, riskVertus Theologalis No. 103. Joseph ing his life on a number of occasions Cerneau was its first master. In 1807 in the transmission of reports on his lodge in Cuba expelled him and enemy movements. He was made a on petition to the governor of Cuba, Freemason in Pangasian Lodge No. he was expelled from the island, com- 56 in 1933. He has been a bank maning to New York City about 1807 ager for many years and is technical where he was proposed in Washing- assistant to the president of the ton Lodge No. 21 on Jan. 2, 1810 and Philippine National Bank. elected Jan. 16, 1810. His son, Augustus T. Cerneau joined the same lodge S. F. Chadwick Former Governor by affiliation Jan. 20, 1824. In NewoÂŁ Oregon. Past master of Laurel York he founded his spurious Sover- Lodge No. 13, Roseburg, Oregon. eign Grand Consistory of Supreme Chiefs of Exalted Masonry, According Chaillou (de Joinville) Prominent to the Ancient Constitutional Scot- French Freemason of the middle 18th tish Rite of Heredom in 1807 and it century. Played a large part in the continued until 1827. In 1823 it was schisms th.at developed in that period.. presided over by none other than He was an active member of the


Thomas Chalmers

priest, Royal Arch Masons of Ore.. gon in 1892.

Council of Emperors of the East and West, or Rite of Perfection, and signed the patent of Stephen Morin q.v., authorizing him to extend the order in America, which was the first step that subsequently led to the establishment of the Scottish Rite in the United States. In 1762 the Prince of Clermont, grand master of the Grand Lodge of France removed Locorne as his substitute general and put de J oinville in his place. This action created a schism in the grand lodge, but de J oinville eventually became as notorious as his predecessor by issuing irregular charters and deputations. On the death of Clermont in 1771, de Joinville, himself, seems to disappear from the field of French Freemasonry and Masonic intrigues.

Joshua L. Chamberlain (1828-1914) Major General, Union forces, Civil War and Governor of Maine. b. Sept. 8, 1828 at Brewer, Me. Awarded Con.. gressional Medal of Honor for "Dar.. ing heroism, holding position Little Round Top and carrying Great Round Top in Battle of Gettysburg on July 3, 1863. Three times wounded. Gover.. nor of Maine from 1866 to 1871. Was professor of rhetoric, oratory and modern languages of Bowdoin College and president of that institution from 1871-83. Member of United Lodge No.8, Brunswick, Maine. d. Feb. 24, 1914. Richard H. Chambers Federal Judge. b. Nov. 7, 1906 at Danville, lli. Admitted to Arizona bar in 1932 and practiced at Tucson. Judge of circuit court of appeals 9th circuit from 1954. Served as major in USAAF, 1942-45. Mason.

Thomas Chalmers Scottish theologian and philosopher. Initiated in Lodge St. Vigean No. 101, Arbroath, Scotland April 26, 1800. Frank Chamberlain (1826-1910) Brigadier General of U.S. Army. b. Dec. 1826 at Romulus, N.Y. Studied law under Gov. William H. Seward, but did not enter the profession. Engaged in grain and milling business in Seneca Falls and Albany, N.Y. In Civil War he was Commissary General. Mason. d. 1910. George E. Chamberlain (1854-1928) U.S. Senator and Governor of Oregon. b. Jan. 1,1854 at Natchez, Miss. Graduate of Washington and Lee Univ., 1876. Went to Oregon in 1879, serving in the house of representatives, districtattorney, attorney general and elected governor (11th) for terms 1903-11, but resigned in 1909 on election as U.S. Senator for term 190915 and reelected from 1915-21. Mem... ber of U.S. Shipping Board, 1921-23. Past master of St. John's Lodge No. 62, Albany, Oreg. and representative of Grand Lodge of England near Oregon. d. July 9, 1928. Was grand high

Alexander W. Chambliss (18641947) Chief Justice Supreme Court of Tennessee. b. Sept. 10, 1864 at Greenville, S.C. Admitted to Virginia bar in 1884 and began practice at Chattanooga, Tenn. in 1866. Vice president of Provident Life & Accident Ins. Co.; member of Tenn. state senate, mayor of Chattanooga and judge of state court of civil appeals. Apointed justice of state supreme court in 1923, elected to same in 1924 and chief justice from 1947. Mason. d. Sept. 30, 1947. Sebastian Roch Nicholas Chamfori (1741-1794) French writer, scholar and wit. At outbreak of Revolution he joined the Jacobins and took part in the storming of the Bastille. He bitterly attacked the National Conventionand mortally wounded him.. self when about to be arrested by order of that body.. He is best known for his Maximes, published postbu..


John Chandler mously, but was also the author of comedies, literary criticisms, letters and verse" The bulletin of the International Masonic Congress of 1917 lists him as a Freemason. Adelbert von Chamisso (1781-1838) German romantic writer and naturalist. Born in Champagne, France but his family was forced to flee by the Revolution. Served in Prus'sian army from 1798 to 1807. In 1815-18 he made a scientific voyage around the world. He was curator of the Berlin botanical gardens in 1818. He wrote much, but is best known by the prose tale, Peter Schlemihls Wunderbare Geschichie (1814), the humorous story of a man who sold his shadow. The International Masonic Congress bulletin of 1917 lists him as a Freemason. John W. Champlin (1831-1901) Judge, Supreme Court of Michigan from 1884-91. b. Feb. 17, 1831 at Kingston, N.Y. Moved to Grand Rapids, Mich. in 1854 and admitted to bar following year. Mayor of Grand Rapids in 1867. Professor of law at Univ. of Michigan from 1892-96. Served as grand master of the Grand Lodge of Michigan.. d. 1901. Albert B. "Happy" Chandler Governor of Kentucky and former baseball commissioner.. b. July 14, 1898 at Corydon, Ky. Graduate of Transylvania College and Univ. of Kentucky.. Began practice of law at Versailles, Ky. in 1924. Served in state senate and as lieutenant governor, being elected governor 1935-39, but resigned in 1939 when appointed U.S. Senator to fill vacancy of Logan.. He was reelected in 1940 and again in 1942. In 1945 he was elected high commissioner of baseball and served until 1951.. Member' of Landmark Lodge No.. 41, Versailles, Ky. being raised Feb. 4, 1924.路 He is also an honorary member of Monitor Lodge No. 528, New York City.. Also a mem-

ber of Webb Chapter No.6 (Sept. 14, 1931) and Versailles Commandery No.3, K.T. (Nov. 19, 1931) both of Versailles, Ky.. ; 32掳 AASR (SJ) in Valley of Louisville as well as Oleka Shrine Temple in Lexington. Member of board of state Shrine Hospital. Bert D. Chandler (1874-1947) Jus.. tice, Supreme Court of Michigan. b. March 19, 1874 in Lenawee Co.. , Mich. Admitted to Michigan bar in 1895. Was circuit judge in 1914 and elected associate justice, Michigan supreme court in 1936. Mason.. d. Dec. 13, 1947.

Harry Chandler (1864-1944) Publisher of Los Angeles Times and real estate speculator. b. May 17, 1864 at Landaff, N.H. Began as clerk in circulation dept. of Los Angeles Times and became chairman of the board of Times-Mirror Co. In 1899 organized syndicate that purchased 862,000 acres in Lower Calif. and president of Calif.-Mexico Land & Cattle Co. In 1909 he purchased 47,000 acres of land adjoining Los Angeles and sold entire area for homes in seven years. In 1912 he organized a syndicate that purchased the Tejon Ranch of 281,000 acres in Los Angeles and Kern counties, and in 1927 he helped organize the Vermejo Club and purchased the Bartlett ranch in Colorado, famous for its 340,000 acres as a sportsman's paradise.. Mason, 33 0 AASR and Shriner~ d. Sept. 23, 1944.. John Chandler (1760-1841) U.S. Senator from Maine (1820-29) and Brigadier General in War of 1812. b. in Epping, N. Hamp. He was a blacksmith who gained much wealth.. Member of Congress from 1805-08. In War of 1812 he was wounded and made prisoner at battle of Stoney Creek, Upper Canada.. He was collector of Portland, 1829-37, trustee of Bowdoin college and sheriff of Kennebec Co. His lodge membership is not known,


Joseph R. Chandler but he attended a session of the Grand Lodge of Maine in 1820. d. Sept. 25, 1841.' Joseph R. Chandler (1792-1880) Journalist and member of U.S. Con.. gress (1848-55). b. Aug. 25, 1792 in Kingston, Mass. Moved to Philadelphia, Pa. in 1815 where he and his wife opened a private school. In 1822 he took over the United States Gazette, and developed it into a prominent Whig journal. Buchanan appointed him U.S. Minister to Sicily in 1858. Raised in Colwnbia Lodge, Boston, Mass., on Oct. 28, 1813 and later became member of Phoenix Lodge No. 130, Philadelphia and Columbia Mark Lodge of same city. He served as high priest of Harmony Chapter No. 52, Philadelphia, and served as grand high priest of the Grand Chapter of Pennsylvania five years (1836-40). He was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania two terms, 1841-42. Paul G. Chandler President of Clarion (Pa.) State Teachers College since 1937. b. Nov. 7, 1889 at Princeton, Ky. Graduate of Kentucky Wesleyan and Columbia. Began as a rural teacher in 1908. Mason, Knight Templar and Shriner.

Stephen S. Chandler U.S. Judge, western district of Oklahoma since 1943. b. Sept. 13, 1899 at Blount Co., Tenn. Graduate Univ. or Kansas 1922. Practiced law in Oklahoma City 192243. Mason, Shriner. Zachariah Chandler ( 1813-187 9 ) U.S. Senator from Michigan and Secretary of Interior under Grant. b. Dec.. 10, 1813 in Bedford, N.H. Moved to Detroit, Mich. in 1833, where he engaged in dry goods business and became mayor of Detroit in 1851. Elected to u.s. Senate in 1857 to succeed General Lewis Cass q..v., serving until 1875 and again in 1879. He was outspoken for Republicanism, Lincoln

and the Union. Grant named him as secretary of Interior in his second cabinet and he served from 1875-77. He was raised in Detroit Lodge No.2, Detroit, Mich. on July 7,1857. d. Nov. 1, 1879. Henry, 2nd Duke of Chandos As Marquess of Carnarvon, he was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Eng.. land (Moderns) in 1738. James, 3rd Duke of Chandos As Marquis of Carnarvon, he was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Eng.. land (Moderns) from March, 1754 to May 1757.

George Channing (1888-?) Editor of Christian Science Journal, Sentinel and Herald since 1949. First reader, mother church, Boston, Mass., 1941.. 42. b. Nov. 21, 1888 at Providence, R.I. Studied at Brown, Yale and Boston Univ. Began journalistic work on Providence (R.I.) Journal 1913. Was city editor of Seattle Star, 1921-23. Mason, 32째 AASR. Deceased. Albert K. Chapman President of Eastman Kodak Co. since 1952. b. May 31, 1890 at Marysville, Ohio. A.B. and A.M. from Ohio State Univ. and Ph.D. from Princeton. With Eastman since 1919 as head of development dept., assistant to vice president, production manager, vice president and assistant general manager. Director of Eastman since 1943. Served in WWl with Army Ordnance. Mason. Arthur Chapman Justice, Supreme Court of Maine 1925-42. b. Aug. 6, 1873 at P'ortIand, Me. Admitted to Maine bar in 1900. Was assistant U.S. attorney 1905-16 and u.s. commissioner 1917-25. Justice of supreme judiciary court of Maine 1942-45 and active retired justice since 1946. Mason. Roy H. Chapman (1885-1952) Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Flor.. ida. b. July 15, 1885 at Lake Butler,


Charles XIV John, King of Sweden and Norway Fla. Graduate of Florida and John B. Stetson Universities. Admitted to bar and began practice in Lake City. On supreme court of Florida and chief justice from 1945. Mason, Knight Templar and Shriner. d. Aug. 9, 1952. Virgil M. Chapman U.S. Congressman from Kentucky to ,69th, 70th, 72nd, 73rd and 74th to 80th Congresses. b. March 15, 1895 in Simpson Co., Ky. Graduate of Univ. of Kentucky. Admitted to bar in 1917 and practiced at Irvine, Ky. Mason, York Rite and Scottish Rite as well as Shrine. Ellwood B. Chappell Justice, Supreme Court of Nebraska since 1943. b. May 4, 1889 at Osmond, Nebr. Graduate of Univ. of Nebraska and admitted to bar in 1916, practicing in Lincoln. Served a's municipal judge, district judge. Mason and 32° AASR.

Sidney L. Chappel Brigadier General, U.S. Army Medical Corps. b. Ju1y 22, 1886 at Washington, D.C. Received M.D. ·degree from George Washington Univ. in 1909. Entered Medical Corps as 1st lieutenant in 1913 and advanced through grades to brigadier general in 1945, retiring in 1946. Raised in Watertown Lodge No. 49, Watertown, N.Y. in 1918 and joined Wm. R. Singleton Lodge No. 30, Washington, D.C. Charlemange, Charles, King of France (742.. 814) A numb,er of Masonic writers have claimed him as a "patron of Freemasonry," inasmuch as he encouraged the arts and invited the traveling Freemasons to come to France and construct importing buildings. He ascended the throne in 768, ruling until his death; first as King of the Franks and later as Emperor of the West. His benefaction was obviously to operative masons and not the speculative craft which grew out of it. Charles XIII, King of Sweden (1748-1818) Second son of Adolphus

Frederick and younger brother of Gustavus III. Commanded Swedish fleet against Russia in 1788-90. Last of the Holstein-Gottorp dynasty, his reign lasting from 1809 to 1818. As Duke of Sodermanland, he was made regent after the assassination of Gustavus III (his brother) and again re.. gent on the deposition of Gustavus IV (his nephew). As king, he signed a new constitution restoring limited monarchy. Compelled by peace with Russia in 1809 to give up Finland. During reign, Norway united with Sweden (1814) and much material progress was made. As duke of Soder.. manland (or Sundermania) in 1778, he became grand master of the VII Province. In 1780 King Gustavus III became interested in the fraternity and through his instigation the IX Province of the Rite of Strict Observance was created i.n Sweden. The Duke of Sodermanland was named as grand master and "Vicarius Salomonis" of the rite in that year. In 1777, becoming dissatisfied with the rite, he ordered all rituals returned and from 1778 to 1780 he personally rewrote and revised them. They can be seen today in his own handwriting. After his ascension to the throne, he instituted the 11th Degree of the Swedish Rite-the Civil Order of Charles XIII, of highly restricted membership. (1811). Since his reign, each King of Sweden has been either grand master or "protector" of the Craft in Sweden.

Charles XIV John, King of Sweden and Norway (1763-1844). b. at Pau, France, he entered the army in 1780 and served in the French Revolution. In diplomatic service for Napoleon from 1798-99, he rose from ranks to become one of Napoleon's marshals in 1804. His original name was Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte. He was named Prince of Pontecorvo in 1805. Named Crown Princeo£ Sweden in 1810 and in 1818 succeeded Charles


Charles XV, King of Sweden XIII as King_ of Sweden and Norway, thereby establishing the Bernadotte line.. He allied himself with Czar Alexander of Russia in 1812 and the following year commanded an allied army against Napoleon, aiding in winning the battle of Leipzig. His reign was peaceful and profitable to both kingdoms, although he was criticized at times for ultraconservative views. Since the time of Charles XIII (Bernadotte's predecessor) each King has been Grand Master or "Protector" of Freemasonry. Bernadotte assumed the grandrnastership in 1811..

Charles XV, King of Sweden (18261872) King of Sweden and Norway from 1859-72. Son of Oscar 1. He instituted legal reforms in 1865, especially of the estntes, and promulgated the decree of 1866 by which a two-chamber parliament (one electoral) was established. He was popular in both kingdoms and was a writer, poet and artist of ability. His family name was John Charles Bernadotte.. He was grand master of Sweden and a 33 0 AASR. Charles Martel (689?-741) Grandfather of Charlemagne, who was the founder of the Carlovigian dynasty. Martel governed France from 720741 as Duke of the Franks, with the nominal kings being only puppets. Legend only, state's that he was a patron of the Freemasons and gave them charters from "yeare to yeare" and "sent many workmen and Masters into England." William. B. Charles (1862-1950) Congressman from 30th N.Y. dist. to 30th Congress (1915-17). b. April 3, 1862 at Glasgow, Scotland and came to u.s. in 1884. Dealer in cotton and mill supplies. Mason. d. Nov. 25, 1950.

Joseph Charless Catholic and Freemason who published the first newspaper west of the Mississippi.

Born in Ireland, he was implicated in the Irish Rebellion of 1795 when but 23. He fled to France and then to New York, arriving in 1796. Next he found employment in Philadelphia as a printer on the AU1"'ora, being pub-lished by William Duane. In 1800 he moved to Lexington, Ky. where he established a newspaper, and in 1806 he was in .Louisville. On JuIy 12, 1808 the first issue of The Missouri Gazette appeared on the streets of St. Louis with Charless as its editor. He changed the name of the paper in November, 1809 to Louisiana Gazette, and back to its original name in 1812. He also printed the first book published in the Territory of Louisiana, The Laws of the Territory of Louisiana. His Masonic history is somewhat obscure. He was a member of Missouri No. 111, and later of Missouri No. 11. He was in the lodge limelight on several occasions, and as a result of one such experience, was indefi.. nitely suspended on Feb.. 2, 1824. He was also one of the organizers of the "Erin Benevolent Society" in 1818, which strangely enough met at the home of Brother Jeremiah Connor with Brother Thomas Brady of Missouri No. 12 as chairman.. Brothers Arthur Magenis, Hugh O'Neill and Robert Ranken also participated in the organization. Earle P. Charlton (1863-1930) One of the founders of F . W.. Woolworth Co. in 1912, at which time he was operating 54 stores. b. June 19, 1863 at Chester, Conn. Began in 5& 10 cent business at age of 17. He separated from his partner in 1895, dividing the stores; he then organized the E. P. Charlton Co. He pioneered 5 & 10 stores west of the Rocky Moun.. tains and in Canada.. He built CharI.. ton Mills in Fall River, Mass. in 1909 and was its president. He was also vice president of F.W. Woolworth Co. Mason. d. Nov. 20, 1930.


George W. Chase

Francis Charteris

by 1,000 of the French elite, as grand master.

Sixth Earl of

Wemyss. Was grand master of Scotland in 1747. Another Francis Charteris, afterwards Lord Elcho, was deputy grand master of Scotland in

Benjamin F. Chase (1869-1925) U.S. Consul. b. Feb. 1, 1869. Graduate of law at Univ. of Michigan in 1891 and practiced in Clearfield, Pa. u.s. Consul at Catania, Italy, 1905-07; Leeds, England, 1909-13; Leghorn, Italy, 1913-14; Fiume, Hungary, 191416; San Jose, Costa Rica, 1916-20; Trondhjem, Norway and Messina, Italy. Mason. d. Nov. 23, 1925.


Louis Philippe Joseph, Due de Chartres (1747-1793) Was Due de Montpensier from his birth unti11752, when he became Due de Chartres; in 1785, on the death of his father, he inherited title of Due d'Orleans. A reformer with liberal views, he was a friend of the common people. He advocated the cause of the American colonies and aided French revolutionists in 1789. He incurred the enmity of Louis XVI and the queen and was sent abroad by Louis, but returned in 1790 to '\vork with Mirabeau and Danton against him. He renounced his title and became Citizen PhilippeEgalite (Equality). In 1793 his estates were confiscated by the Jacobins and he was imprisoned at Marseilles and sentenced to death by the Revolutionary tribunal at Paris and guillotined. He was grand master of the Grand Orient of France in 1771, but failed to apply himself to the office. His wife, the Duchess of Chartres q.V':J was prominent in French Adoptive Masonry. Their son, Louis Philippe became King of France (1830-48) . Duchess of Chartres (Louise Marie Adelaide de Bourbon-Penthievre) (1753-1821) Wife of Louis Philippe Joseph, Due de Chartres q.'V'. who was grand master of the Grand Orient of France in 1771. She was an early member of French Adoptive Freemasonry and was present at the fete d' adoption given by the Lodge of Candour (a regular lodge under the Grand Orient of France) when the Duchess of Bourbon q.v. was installed as first grand mistress of French Adoptive Freemasonry. Her husband presided over the occasion attended

Carlton Chase (1794-1870) Protestant Episcopal Bishop. b. Feb. 20, 1794 at Hopkinton, N.H. Graduated from Dartmouth in 1817 and was ordained deacon in 1818, priest in 1820. Served in Bellows Falls, Vt. for 24 years and consecrated first bishop of N.H. in Philadelphia on Oct. 20, 1844, after which he moved to Claremont,. N.H. Mason. d. Jan. 18, 1870. Charles "Charlie" Chase (18931940) Movie comedian of the silent films famous for his "Charlie Chase Comedies." Member of Henry S. Orme Lodge No. 458, Los Angeles, Calif. Dudley Chase (1771-1846) U.S. Senator from Vermont and Chief Justice of Supreme Court of Vermont. b.Dec. 30, 1771 in Cornish, N.H. Graduated from Dartmouth in 1791 and admitted to bar in 1793. Member of state constitutional conventions of 1814 and 1822 and state legislature from 1805-12, serving as speaker his last four years. U.S. senator from Vermont 1813-17 and 1825-31. From 1817-21 he was chief justice of the Vermont supreme court. Retired in 1831 to farm. Served as master of Federal Lodge No. 15, Brookfield, Vt. d. Feb. 23, 1846. George W. Chase Masonic author who in 1864 published The Freemason's Pocket LibrarY:J composed of a working monitor for the degrees in


Harrie B. Chase lodge, chapter, council and commandery; a Masonic dictionary and a manual of Masonic law.

1818. His name appears in the proceedings of the Grand Chapter of Ohio in 1818 as a member of Horeb Chapter No.3. d. Sept. 20, 1852.

Harrie B. Chase Judge. b. Aug. 9, 1889 at Whitingham, Vt. Admitted to Vermont bar in 1912 and practiced at Brattleboro. Judge of superior court of Vermont 1919-27 and chief judge his last two years. Associate justice supreme court of Vermont from 1927-29 and judge of U.S. circuit court of appeals since 1929. Mason.

. Benedict Chastanier French sur.. geon, who introduced a modification of the Rite of Pernetty, in nine degrees, into England in 1767. He established a London lodge called illuminated Theosophisis. It soon abandoned its Masonic form and became a theosophic sect intended to propagate the religious system of Swedenborg.

Norman S. Chase Former Governor of Rhode Island. Received his degrees in Corinthian Lodge No. 27 at Providence, R.I. in 1917.

Femtimore Chatterton Former Gov.. ernor of Wyoming. Member of Raw.. lins Lodge No.5, Rawlins, Wyo. and past grand master of the Grand Lodge of Wyoming.

Philander Chase (1775-1852) Prottestant Episcopal Bishop of Ohio and later illinois. b. Dec. 14, 1775 at Cornish, N.H., he graduated from Dartmouth in 1795. Ordained deacon in 1798 and priest in 1799, he first served in western New York and then in New Orleans, La. He returned to Hartford, Conn. in 1811, and feeling the urge to establish his church in the west, he moved to Ohio in 1817. On a trip to England he raised $30,000 with which he purchased 8,000 acres of land and laid the foundations of a college and theological semmary, naming them after two English contributors-Kenyon and Gambier. He was ordained bishop of Ohio Feb. 11, 1819. When difficulties arose over the handling of the funds, he resigned and moved to Michigan, doing missionary duty. He again visited England and obtained $10,000 for educationa! work and he founded Jubilee college in 1838 at Robin's Nest, lli. He was chosen bishop of illinois in 1835 and served until his death. He received his third degree at the hands of Thomas Smith Webb q.v. in TempIe Lodge No. 14, Albany, N.Y. Webb also exalted him to the Royal Arch in Worthington, Ohio on Oct. 26,

Louis W. Chaudet Movie director and actor. He organized the "233 Club" a Masonic ritualistic group composed of Hollywood actors that sought to bring out character delineations in the ritual. Organized in 1926, many famous movie stars were on the teams. Chaudet directed more than 150 feature films and was raised in Kaskaska Lodge No. 86, Evansville, ill. Isaac Chauncey (1772-1840) Arner.. ican naval hero of War of 1812. b. Feb. 20, 1772 at Black Rock, Conn. He entered merchant service at an early age and commanded a ship at 19, making several voyages to the East Indies in the ships of Jolm Jacob Astor q.v. On the organization of the navy he was made a lieutenant in 1798 and distinguished himself in several actions off Tripoli. He became captain in 1806. When the War of 1812 broke out he was in command of the Navy yard at New York and was given command of all the lakes except Champlain. He built and equipped with unequaUed rapidity a number of ships including the Mo~ hawk, a 42-gun frigate which was launched in 34 days after her keel


Claire L. Chennault was laid and the corvette Madison, launched in nine weeks after the first tree of her frame was cut from the forest. He aided in the capture of York (now Toronto) and Fort George, and put to flight the British fleet under Sir James Yeo. He later served on the board of navy commissioners at Washington from 1838 until his death. He was a member of Independent Royal Arch Lodge No.2, New York City in 1796 and was later suspended. d. Jan. 27, 1840. Robert S. Cheek Corporation executive. b. Jan. 14, 1878 at Burkesville, Ky. With father, in 1900, he engaged in coffee business which was sold to Postum Co. and later was absorbed by General Foods Corp. Member of board of directors of General Foods; director of National Life and Accident Insurance Co., Nashville Trust Co.; trustee of Vanderbilt Univ. Mason and 32° AASR (SJ).

Frank L. Chelf Congressman 79th and 80th Congresses (1945-49) from 4th Kentucky dist. b. Sept. 22, 1907 at Elizabethtown, Ky. Admitted to bar in 1931 and since practiced at Lebanon. Served with Navy and Air Corps as major in· WW2. Raised in Lebanon Lodge No. 87, Lebanon, Ky. in 1937. Member of chapter, council and commandery at Lebanon, serving as commander of Marion Commandery No. 24, K.T. in 1945. Chelf states that he believes he is the only former member of a "Masonic Home" (orphanage) that was ever elected to Congress. 1st Viscount of Chelmsford (Frederic John Napier) (1868-1933) Governor of Queensland from 1905-09 and of New South Wales 1909-13 at which time he was also grand master of the United Grand Lodge of New South Wales. As Viceroy of India from 191621, he formulated a system of reforms which were rejected by the followers of Gandhi. He was first lord o£ad-

miralty in the Labor ministry of 1924 and agent-general for New South Wales from 1926-28.

Edward S. Chenette Composer and director. Has composed over 300 pieces for band, orchestra and voice. Was band and orchestra director at age of 17. He enlisted with the Canadian Expeditionary Forces in 1916 and conducted the "American Band," also known as the "Concert Band," of the Canadian Army. Later was director of music at Iowa State College; led" Chicago Regimental Band and Illinois State Legion Band. Mason, 32° AASR and Shriner. Jerome L. Cheney (1863-1932) Justice Supreme Court of New York, 1921-32. b. June 18, 1863 at Baldwins.. ville, N.Y. Admitted to N.Y. bar in 1884. Raised in Central City Lodge No. 305, Syracuse, in 1900 and served as master in 1906. Knighted in Central City Commandery No. 25, K.T. in 1902, Syracuse. Received 33° AASR in 1911 and in 1915 became active member of Supreme Council (NJ). Exalted in Central City Chapter No. 70, R.A.M. in 1901. d. Nov.' 29, 1932.

Person C. Cheney Governor of New Hampshire 1875-77. Raised in Altemont Lodge, No. 26, Peterborough, N.H., March 19, 1853 and served as master in 1862. Claire L. Chennault Air Force Major General famous for his "Flying

Tigers" in WW2. b. Sept. 6, 1890 at Commerce, Texas. Commissioned 1st lieutenant of Infantry in 1917 and transferred to aviation section of Signal Corps. Retired from Army in 1937 to become advisor to Chiang Kaishek q.'V. until 1941 when he was recalled to active duty and promoted to brigadier general in 1942. He activated the 14th Air Force and commanded it from 1943-45. Was made major general in 1943 and retired again in 1945 to organize the CNRRA ·Air Trans-


J. Edgdr Chenoweth port, now Civil Air Transport, of which he became president in 1948. Bro. Chennault v;rites "You will note that my Masonic affiliations are widely scattered-Texas to China to California. This is particularly unfortunate since I now divide my time between Louisiana and Formosa-Free China.. " Member of League City Lodge No. 1053, League City, Texas. 32째 AASR Orient of China at Shanghi (in exile) and member of .Islam Shrine Temple, San Francisco, Calif.

Raised in Jonesboro Lodge No. 129, Jonesboro, Ark. in 1944. Member of Union Chapter No.2, R.A.M.; Occi.. dental Council No. 1 and Hugh de Payens Commandery No.1, all of Little Rock. 32 0 AASR hi Valley of Little Rock; Sahara Shrine Temple at Pine Bluff, Ark. and member of O.E.S. and Amaranth.

J. Edgar Chenoweth Congressman from 3rd Colorado dist. to 77th to 80th Congresses (1941-49). b. Aug. 17, 1897 at Trinidad, Colo. Admitted to Colorado bar in 1925, and began practice at Trinidad. Member of Trinidad Lodge No. 89, Trinidad, Colo., being raised in 1922. 32 0 AASR (8J) ..

Ernest H. Cherrington (1877-1950) Editor and temperance leader. b. Nov. 24, 1877 at Hamden, Ohio. Edited Kingston (Ohio) Tribune in 1900 and became active in Ohio Anti-Saloon League in 1902. Edited The Pacific Issue (Washington), The Citizen (Seattle) and The American Issue from 1909; The American Patriot and The Voice from 1936 as well as others. He was general secretary of the World League Against Alcoholism; U.S. delegate to 13th, 14th, 16th, 17th International Congresses on Alcoholism, meeting throughout the world, and secretary of the 15th congress that met in Washington, D.C. A lay delegate to the general conference of the Methodist church eight times. Mason, 33 0 AASR, Knight Templar. d. Mar. 13, 1950.

Francis A. Cherry Governor of Arkansas, 1953-55. b. Sept. 5, 1908 at Fort Smith, .Ark. Admitted to Arkansas bar in 1936 and practiced law at Jonesboro until 1942 when elected district judge of the 12th circuit.

James W. Cheney (1872-1949) Justice, Supreme Court of Utah 1923-32 and grand master of the Grand Lodge of Utah in 1914. b. Apr. 5, 1872 in Hancock Co., Ill.. Admitted to Utah bar in 1893 and practiced successively at Salt Lake City, Manti, La Grande, Oreg., and Mt. Pleasant, Utah. He was a member of Damascus Lodge No. 10, Mt. Pleasant, serving as mas.. ter in 1909. Received his Scottish Rite degrees in Valley of Salt Lake in April, 1918. d.. March 23, 1949. Robert Gregg Cherry Governor of North Carolina 1945-49. b. Oct. 17, 1891 in York Co., N.C. Graduate of Duke Univ. in 1914, and admitted to bar same year. Has engaged in prac.. tice at Gastonia, serving as mayor from 1919-23. Served as state representative, speaker of the house and state senator. Served in 30th Div. overseas in WW1. State commander of American Legion in 1928. Mason and Knight Templar. Raised in Gas.. tonia Lodge No. 369 on July 23, 1915. Philip, 4th Earl of Chesterfield (Philip Dormer Stanhope) (16941733) English statesman and man of letters who was intimate with the great men of his day such as Voltaire q.v., Pope, Swift and Dr. Johnson q.v. Effective orator in House of Lords, he was a Whig M.P., ambassador to the Hague (twice); lord high steward. As lord lieutenant of Ireland (174546) he established schools, encouraged manufacturers and counciliated Orangemen and Catholics. He was raised in Lodge No.4, one of the "old lodges"


George M. Chilcott established in 1717, that met in Horn Tavern. He was active in Masonic work and was once asked to preside in the Grand East, but was unable to do so because of an impending foreign assignment.

Augustus L. Chetlain (1824-?) Major General, Union army, Civil War. b. Dec. 26, 1824 at St. Louis, Mo. of French Huguenot stock. He became a merchant in Galena,. Ill. and early volunteered for service in the Civil War. He was chosen captain of a company which General Grant

(then captain) and declined. In December, 1863 he was promoted brig. general. Participated in Smith's campaign on Tennessee river to Fort Henry, and led his regiment at Fort Donelson, Shiloh and Corinth. Breveted major general in 1864 for raising a force of 17,000 men. He commanded the post of Memphis and then Talladega, Ala., and was mustered out on Feb. 5, 1866. In 1867-69 he was assessor of internal revenue for Utah and U.S. consul at Brussels, Belgium until 1872 when he established himself in Chicago as a banker and stockbroker. Lodge is not known but he was exalted in Washington Chapter No. 43, R.A.M. Chicago, Ill. on Sept. 11, 1885. Ng Poon Chew. (1866-1931) Established the first Chinese daily paper in America in 1899. b. Mar. 14, 1866 at Sun Ning, Canton Province, China. Educated in Occidental School, San Francisco and San Francisco Theological Seminary. Was placed in training for Taoist priesthood, but was converted to Christianity and entered ministry in San Francisco. He re.. signed from ministry in 1899 and established the Chung Sai Yat PO' daily newspaper, of which he was managing editor until his death on Mar. 13, 1931. He was vice consul of China at San Francisco from 1913. Mason.

Chiang Kai-shek Although some sources state that this famous Chinese Nationalist leader is a member of "Pagoda Lodge" under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Mass., the grand secretary of Massachusetts does not have any record of his membership. Henry Chicheley Archbishop of Canterbury (1364-1443) English prelate and diplomat, who according to William Preston in his Illustrations of Masonry, gave permission for a lodge to be held in the year 1429 at Canterbury under his patronage with Thomas Stapylton as master. Tradition states that Chicheley was grand master of English Masons until 1443. Jonas Chickering (1797-1853) Piano inventor and manufacturer. b. April 5, 1797 at New Ipswich, N.H. Son of a blacksmith, he learned the trade of cabinet making, and became a workman in a Boston piano manufactury. He went into business for himself in 1823 and later in partnership with John Mackay in 1830. Mackay was a shipmaster and they imported fine woods for piano cases. When Mackay was drowned at sea in 1841, Chickering carried on alone. He received a number of patents on piano construction and improvements.. He was initiated in St. Andrews Lodge, Boston, Mass. in 1821; was a member of St. Andrews Chapter, R.A.M. and DeMolay Commandery, K.T. as well as 32째 AASR. d. Dec.. 8, 1853.

Merrill Chilcote Managing editor and director of St. Joseph NewsPress (Mo.) . b. Feb.. 23, 1905 at Conway, Iowa. After some time with newspapers in Bedford, Iowa, he came to the News-Pres8 in 19,26 and has been editor since 1949. Member of Brotherhood Lodge No. 269, St. Joseph, Mo.

George M. Chilcott. (1828-1891) U.S. Senator from Colorado in 1882. 205

George W. Childs b. Jan. 2, 1828 at Trough Creek, Pa. Moved to Iowa with his family in 1844, serving as sheriff of Jefferson Co. in 1853. Moved to Nebraska in 1856; elected to state legislature in that year. In 1859 he went to Denver, Colo., and in 1860 settled in southern Colorado. He was a member of the constitutional convention of that state and served in the territorial legislature during the first two sessions (1861-62). Served in U.S. congress in 1867-69. He was a member of Pueblo Lodge No. 17, Pueblo, Colo. and affiliated with Golden City Lodge No.1, Golden City, June 19, 1869. He was knighted in Pueblo Commandery No. 3, K.T. on March 24, 1876. d. Mar. 6, 1891.

William E. Chilton (1858-1939) U.S. Senator from West Virginia, 1911-17. b. March 17, 1858 at St. Albans, W. Va. Began practice of law at Charleston, W. Va. in 1880. Served as secretary of state for West Virginia 1893-97. Mason. d. Nov. 7, 1939. William P. Chilton (?-1871) Chief Justice of Supreme Court of Alabama. b. in Kentucky, he was at times a member of each house of the Ala.. bama legislature. In 1848 he was elected to the supreme court of Ala.. bama, serving for ten years. Part of this time he was chief justice. During the existence oÂŁ the Confederate gov.. ernment (1861-65) he was a member oÂŁ its congress. He was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Alabama in 1869-70.

George W. Childs (1829-?) Pennsylvania publisher and philanthropist. b. May 12, 1829 in Baltimore, Md. Headed book-printing firm of Childs & Peterson and owned the Public Ledger" Philadelphia newspaper, which was quite prosperous. Childs made liberal use of his wealth for benevolent purposes, including a stained glass window in Westminster Abbey in memory of poets Cowper and Herbert and fountain in Stratfordon-Avon in honor of Shakespeare. Mason.

Carl R. Chindblom Congressman, 66th to 72nd Congresses (1919-33) from 10th Illinois dist. b. Dec. 21, 1879 at Chicago, Ill. Admitted to Illinois bar in 1900. Master in chan.. cery, circuit court of Cook Co. (Chi. cago) from 1916-19. Referee in bankruptcy, u.s. district court, northern dist. of Ill., 1934-42. Mason.

Thomas Childs (1796-1853) Brigadier General in Mexican War. b. in Pittsfield, Mass. Graduated from West Point in 1814. Distinguished himself at Fort Erie and Niagara in 1814. Took part in the Seminole Indian War in Florida in 1840-42. In the Mexican War he was at Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey, Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, La Hoya and Puebla. Breveted brigadier general on Oct. 12, 1847 for gallantry at Puebla. He commanded eastern Florida sectors from 1852 until his death Oct. 8, 1853. Member of Alexandria-Washington Lodge No. 22, Alexandria, Va.

Daniel Chipman (1765-1850) Lawyer and author. b. Oct. 22, 1765 at Salisbury, Conn. Graduated at Dartmouth iD. 1788 and studied law with his brother Nathaniel q.'V. at Rutland, Vt. Made a member of the American Academy in 1812. Was in state constitutional conventions of 1793, 1816, 1850, and was orten a member of the legislature. U.S. congressman from 1815-17. Published. a volume on Seth Warner q.v. and Gen. Thomas Chit.. tenden q.'V. and another on his brother, Nathaniel q.'V. Mason. d. April 23, 1850. John Chipman (1744-1829) Revolutionary soldier. b. Oct. 22, 1744 at Salisbury, Conn. He was present at the capture of Fort Ticonderoga, Montreal and St. John. He was cap-


John M. Chivingfon tain in the Revolution, participating in the battles of Hubbardton, Bennington and Saratoga. Raised in Union Lodge, Albany, N.Y. prior to Oct., 1779, he was passed and raised in Maters Lodge, Albany on Oct. 19, 1799 and was a charter member of Dorchester Lodge, Vergennes, Vt. and Union Lodge, Middlesbury, Vt. He was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Vermont from 1797-1814 and grand high priest of the Grand Chapter, R.A.M. of Vermont from 1813-15. d. Aug. 28, 182g.. Nathaniel Chipman (1752-1843) U.S. Senator from Vermont, 17971803, 1806-1811. b. Nov. 15, 1752 at Salisbury, Conn., he was a brother of Daniel Chipman q.v'. Served as a lieutenant in the Revolutionary War and was at Valley Forge in the winter of 1777; present at battles of Monmouth and White Plains. Served in Vermont legislature; judge of state supreme court in 1786 and chief justice in 1789. In the latter year he was one of the commissioners in behalf of Vermont to adjust differences with New York, and in 1791 to negotiate the admission of Vermont into the Union. George Washington appointed him judge of the U.S. district court of Vermont in 1791; he resigned in 1793, but was appointed chief justice of the supreme court in 1796, and again from 1813-15. In 1826 he revised the laws of Vermont. He was probably raised in a military lodge, but in 1795 he was a member of Center Lodge No.6, Rutland, Vt. and its first master. He affiliated with Rainbow Lodge in Middletown, Vt. d. Feb. 15, 1843.

vention that adopted the U.S. Constitution. From 1803-1813 he was a member of congress and judge of probate from 1821-22. As governor, he refused to comply with the request of General Macomb for the state militia and this prevented his reelection. Member of Washington Lodge No.7, Burlington, Vt.; and was one of the petitioners for a new lodge to be named "Chittenden" at Williston, Vt. in honor of his father. d. Sept. 路5, 1841.

Thomas Chittenden (1730-1797) First Governor of Vermont, 1778-1797 and father of Martin Chittenden q.v. a later governor. b. Jan. 6, 1730 in East Guilford, Conn., Chittenden, together with two fellow members of Vermont Lodge (now 18, Windsor) ... Ira Allen q.v. and Dr. Jonas Fay q.v., led the fight for statehood in the face of considerable opposition 拢rom New York. Statehood was granted to Vermont as the 14th state by congress on March 4,1791. Previous to this, he had been president of the council of safety in which were invested the powers of government. About this time he became charter master of Dorchester Lodge of Vergennes, chartered in 1791 by the Grand Lodge of Canada, and now No. 1 under the Grand Lodge of Vermont. d. Aug. 24, 1797. John M. Chivington (?-18HS) Minister, missionary and soldier. He was, paradoxically, both a Methodist missionary to the Indians and an Indian fighter. Born in Ohio, he came to Kansas City, Kansas, in 1854 as a missionary to the Indians. While there he became the first master of the first lodge in Kansas-Wyandotte Lodge No.3, established Aug. 11, 1854. From Kansas he went to Omaha, Nebr. and served as grand chaplain of the Grand Lodge of Nebraska. In 1860 he accepted the assignment as presiding elder of the Methodist

Martin Chittenden (1769-1841) Governor of Vermont 1813-14, and son of Thomas Chittenden q.v. first go:vernor of Vermont. b. March 12, 1769 in Salisbury, Conn. Graduate of Dartmouth in 1789. He engaged in farming and was a member of the can... 207

Isaac W. Choate church in the new gold mining dis.. trict of Colorado. In 1861 he became the first grand master of the Grand Lodge of Colorado. Later Chivington Lodge No.6 (now extinct) was named for him and the lodge at Central City now has the old bible of this lodge. When the 1st Colorado cavalry was organized in 1862, he resigned as pre~ siding elder of the church and was commissioned major in the regiment. He distinguished himself in the Apache Canyon fight, known as the Battle of Glorieta, when he led 500 men in a rear attack on the Confederate troops who were attempting to invade Colorado from New Mexico. His attack saved Colorado and her gold deposits for the Union. For this he was made colonel. Indian massacres were troubling Colorado and Governor John Evans called for volunteers who, under Chivington engaged the Indians at Sand Creek near Ft. Lyon on Nov. 29, 1864 and killed several hundred of them, including women and children. For this he was "defrocked" by the Methodist church. This action, plus attacks by the "eastern press" forced him to leave Colorado for several years. He was potentially a national hero, but fell into near disgrace. He moved to Oregon where he lived for many years, returning to Denver where he was once more identified with the church and fraternity. More than 500 brethren attended his funerale

was an outstanding scholar and known for his command of language. At the age of six he could repeat large portions of Pilgrim's Progress from memory. In the Senate he delivered many brilliant orations on such subjects as the Oregon bound.. ary, the tariff, the fiscal bank bill, the Smithsonian Institution and the an.. nexation of Texas, the latter of which he opposed. After his term in the senate he returned to Boston and continued the practice of law. Following his graduation from Dartmouth, he entered the law office of William Wirt, q.v. then attorney general of the u.s. and later the Anti-Masonic Party's candidate for president. Choate was a member of Jordan Lodge, Pea.. body, Mass. d. July 13, 1859. Countess of Choiseul-Gouffier An early member of French Adoptive Freemasonry, a female organization which received quasi-Masonic recog.. nition from the Grand Orient of France. Other famous names who were her contemporaries were the Duchess of Chartres q.'V., Countess of Polignac and Marchioness of Conte.. bonne.

Isaac W. Choate (1882-1953) Justice, Supreme路Court of Montana, 194749. b. Sept. 12, 1882 near Peacham, Vt. Graduate of Univ. of Minnesota, 1904. Practiced at Bozeman, Helena and Miles City, Mont. Member of Helena Lodge No.3. d. Oct. 23, 1953. Rufus Choate (1799-1859) U.S. Senator from Massachusetts, 1841-45, succeeding Daniel Webster. b. Oct. 1, 1799 in Essex, Mass. Valedictory graduate of Dartmouth in 1819, he

Pierre Choteau, Jr. (1789-1865) One of the founders of the American Fur Company and grandson of Laclede, founder of St. Louis. b. Jan. 19, 1789 in St. Louis. Entered fur trade as young man following Indians from point to point-St. Joseph, Kansas City, Council Bluffs, Fort Pierre, Fort Berthold, Fort Union and Fort Benton. He also established trading posts along the Mississippi from Keokuk to St. Paul. With two other Freemasons, Bernard Pratte and Bartholomew Berthold q.'V., . he purchased the American Fur Co. from John Jacob Astor q.v. another partner in 1839. The trading area of the new company (P. Choteau, Jr. & Co.) extended from Texas to the Blackfeet country on the north and


Christian X of Wilhelmsbad in 1872, when the Rectified Rite was developed, the Landgrave of Hesse q.v. was inducted and in 1786 he became provincial grand master of Denmark, though Ferdinand of Brunswick was recognized as general grand master until his death in 1792. In that year Christian VII named the Landgrave of Hesse as general grand master, who held the office until his death in 1836 and was路 succeeded by the crown prince who was later Christian VIII

also the trade of Santa Fe. He was a member of the first constitutional convention of Missouri, in 1820, together with his partner, Bernard Pratte. In 1807 he was associate judge of the court of common pleas and in 1808 was captain in a volunteer company of mounted troops in St. Louis. He received his degrees in Lodge L'AmeniteNo. 73 at Philadelphia, Pa. and in 1808 was one of the organizers of St. Louis Lodge No. 111 in St. Louis.. d. Sept. 8, 1865 in St. Louis.


Morgan H. Chrisler Union Brigadier General in Civil War. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 22 of New York. Edward R. Chrisman (1866-1939) Brigadier General, u.s. Army. b. Aug. 13, 1866 at Connersville, Ind. Graduate of West Point in 1888. Retired in 1821. Participated in Sioux Indian Campaign of 1890, Spanish American War, Cuba in 1898, Philippine Insurrection of 1890. Commanded u.s. forces in Puerto Rico during WW1. Mason. d. Jan. 15, 1939. Christian Vll, King of Denmark (1749-1808) King of Denmark and Norway from 1766 to 1808. Neglected in childhood, he was brought up by a cruel tutor. He became depraved and when hopelessly insane relinquished control to Crown Prince Frederick who ruled as regent from 1784-1808 and later as king. He was a stepbrother to Christian VIII q.v. In 1780 newspaper accounts carried the story that lodges in Denmark and Holstein were subordinate to the Grand Lodge of Sweden, whereupon Christian VII directed notice to, be sent that lodges in Denmark did not recognize a foreign prince as grand master, and after the passing of Ferdinand of Brunswick q.v. then general grand master, that no foreigner could rule the Danish craft except with the consent of the king. After the Masonic congress

Christian VllI, King of Denmark (1786-1848) He was appointed viceroy of Norway in 1813 and when he refused to consent to the union of Norway and Sweden, was driven out of Norway in 1814 with his second wife, living in retirement from 1815 to 1831. From 1831-39 he was a member of the council of state. He was king of Denmark and Norway from 1839-48. He opposed liberal projects and in trying to appease the Germans in Schleswig and Holstein, he helped bring about the war of 1848. He became the protector of Danish Freemasonry in 1836, taking over from the Landgrave of Hesse on the latter's death and becoming grand master. His son, King Frederick VII q.v. succeeded him on the throne and also as grand master. Christian IX, King of Denmark (1818-1906) Was King of Denmark and Norway from 1863-1906. A direct descendent of King Christian III, he was brought up by King Frederick VI as guardian. Succeeded to throne on death of Frederick VII q.v. in 1863. He was the father of Frederick VIII of Denmark. He received the title of Protector of Danish Freemasonry.


Christian X, King of Denmark (1870-1947) Son of Frederick VIII q.v. He was King of Denmark from 1912-47 and of Iceland from 1918-44.


Christian Ludwig

He studied for a military career and during WWl established closer relations with other Scandinavian countries. Under him, a new constitution was enacted in 1915, enfranchising women. Christian X became grand master of the National Grand Lodge of Denmark upon the death of his father, Frederick VIII, who had served in that capacity since 1872. King Christian was made an honorary past grand master of the Grand Lodge of England in 1946.

as justice of North Dakota Supreme Court from 1915-45 and as chief justice 1945-49. He was a member of the national council, Boy Scouts of America and president of the Missouri Valley Area Council. From 1933-34 he was administrator of the Federal Civil Works Administration. Raised Feb. 20, 1902 in Mouse River Lodge No. 43; exalted in Mystic Chapter No. 13 April 24, 1902; greeted in council of R. & S.M. on Nov. 14, 1911-all of Towner, N.D. He was knighted in Cyrene Commandery No.7, K.T. at Devils Lake on June 23, 1902. He later affiliated with Fargo Council No. 1, R. & S.M. then Lebanon No.2 at Rugby and finally Twin City Council at Bismarck. He was grand master of the Grand Council of S.D. in 1922 and grand high priest of the Grand Chapter, R.A.M.. in 1919. The 4th to 32 degrees AASR (SJ) were communicated to him by Walter R. Reed in Jan., 1929 and he demitted on June 26, 1929. Deceased.

Christian Ludwig, Prince of HesseDarmstadt (1763-1834) He was initiated in 1778 and was one of the founders of the Darmstadt Lodge "Johannes der Evangelist zue Eintracht."

George B. Christian Private secretary to President Harding.. Was a member of Marion Lodge No. 70, Marion Chapter No. 62, Marion Coun.. cil No. 22, Marion Commandery-all of Marion, Ohio and Aladdin Temple at Columbus, Ohio. Hugh C. Christian British Naval Admiral. Became member of Phoenix Lodge No. 257, P'ortsmouth, England on Nov. 5, 1788. James G. Christiansen Major General, U.S. Army. b. Sept. 23, 1897 at Portland, Oreg. Graduated from West Point in 1918. Made brigadier general in 1943 and major general in 1944. He is former chief of staff of Army Ground Forces, commanding general 2nd Armored Division and Camp Hood, Texas. He also commanded the 6th Armored Division and Fort Leonard Wood, Mo. He retired in 1954 and is now with the Hoover commission in Washington. Mason.

Adolph M. Christianson (1877-?) Chief Justice, Supreme Court of North Dakota. b. Aug. 11, 1877 at Brummundalen, Norway. He was brought to the u.s. in 1882. Served

Theodore Christianson (1883-1948) Governor of Minnesota three terms (1925-31). b. Sept. 12, 1883 in Lac qui Parle Co., Minn., he graduated from the Univ. of Minnesota with A.B. and LL.B. Admitted to bar in 1909 he began practice at Dawson. From 190925 he was the publisher of the Dawson Sentinel. He served in the state house of representatives from 191525 and was a member of the 73rd and 74th Congresses (1933-37). He is the author of Minnesota, A History of the State and Its People. Member of Atelier Lodge No. 202 at Dawson, Minn., he received his 32掳 AASR in Minneapolis on Dec. 19路, 1925.

w. W. Christman (1865-1937) Poet and farmer. b. May 30, 1865 at Delanson, N.Y. He spent his entire life farming. In 1934 he was awarded the Burroughs medal by John Burroughs Memorial Assn. for the best nature book published that year. He is the


Ralph E. Church author of Songs of the Helderhills, Songs 01 the- Western Gateway and Wild Pasture Pine. Mason. d. Feb. 26, 1937. George H. Christopher U.S. Con.. gressman from Missouri. b. Dec. 9, 1888 at Butler, Mo. Member of 81st Congress (1949-51). Elected a second term. in 1956. Engaged in farming. Raised Feb. 22, 1938 in Amsterdam Lodge No. 141, Am'ster dam, Mo. 32째 AASR (SJ) in Kansas City and member of Ararat Shrine Temple, Kansas City. O.E.S. in Columbia Chapter No. 15, Washington, D.C. Charles A. Christopherson (18711951) U.S. Congressman to 66th to 72nd Congresses (1919-33) from 1st South Dakota dist. b. July 23, 1871 in Fillmore Co., Minn. Admitted to bar in 1893 and practiced at Sioux Falls, S.D. Member of state house of representatives 1912-16 and speaker in 1914. Served as grand commander of the Grand Commandery, K.T. of South Dakota in 1917. Past potentate of Shrine. d. Nov.. 2, 1951.

Morgan H. Chrysler (1826-1) Union Major General in Civil War. b. Sept. 30, 1826 in Ghent, N.Y. Farmed most of his life. Enlisted as a private in the 30th N.Y. volunteers in 1861 and was promoted to major general in March, 1865. Served in the Anny of the Potomac and later in the Army of the Gulf, commanding all the troops in northern Alabama. He was present at the capture of Mobile. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 22, Greenfield Center, N.Y. and served as master. Walter P. Chrysler (1875-1940) Motor car manufacturer. b. April 2, 1875 at Wamego, Kansas, he was a de.. scendant of Tuenis Van Dolsen, the first male child born in Manhattan, N.Y. He started as a machinist's apprentice on the railroad. In 1910 he was assistant manager of the Pitts-

burgh works of the American Locomotive Co., and was manager in 1911. From 1912.. 16 he was works manager of Buick Motor Co. and president and general manager from 1916.. 19. He was vice president in charge of operations of General Motors Corp. from 1919-20 and executive vice president of Willys-Overland Co. 1920-22. He was later chairman of the board of Chrysler Corp. Mason. d. Aug. 18, 1940. Conrad N. Church Newspaper editor. b. Feb. 1, 1894 at St. Louis, Mo. Graduated from Univ. of Michigan in 1917. Began with Ann Arbor News in 1919 as a reporter; was city editor in 1920 and managing editor from 1921-23. Began with the Pontiac Daily Press as a reporter in 1924; was managing editor from 1926 and editor since 1945. Mason. Earl F. Church Potogrammetrist, astronomer, civil engineer. b. Aug. 11, 1890 at Parish, N.Y. Was topographer and astronomer on Alexander Hamil... ton Rice expedition up Amazon and Negro rivers, Brazil, 1916-17. Field officer in northwestern states and Alaskan coast, U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1911.. 13; mathematician, U.S. Boundary Commissions, 1913-15. Served in AEF during WWl in charge of geodetic computations for intelligence section of 2nd Army. Mason, Knight Templar and Shriner. Edward B. Church (1844-1904) Founder of Irving Institute (for higher education of young ladies) at San Francisco, Calif. in 1881. b. Sept. 7, 1844 in Greenville, Miss. Made deacon of Protestant Episcopal church in 1868; priest,. 1874. He served as grand chaplain of the Grand Lodge of California from 1896-1902. d. 1904.

Ralp,h E. Church (1883-1950) U.S. Congressman to 74th to 76th Congresses (1935-40), 78th to 80th Congresses (1943-48) and 81st Congress


Lord Randolph Henry Churchill (1948) from Illinois. b. May 5, 1883 in Vermilion Co., Ill. Graduate of Univ. of Michigan and Northeastern. Admitted to bar in 1909 and practiced at Chicago. Served as state representative from 1917-32. Mason, 32째 AASR (NJ) and Shriner. d. March 21, 1950. Lord Randolph Henry Churchill (1849-1895) British statesman, third son of 7th Duke of Marlborough and father of Winston L. Churchill q.'V'. Married Jennie Jerome of New York in 1874. As an M.P. from 1874 he led the Tory front, assailing Gladstone and the conservatives. He was secretary of state for India from 1885-86 and was chancellor of exchequer and leader of the House of Commons in 1886, resigning due to ill health. He returned to parliament in 1892. He is recorded as having visited Harmony Lodge No. 17, Washington, D.C. on Oct. 15, 1873. Sir Winston L. Churchill British statesman and author, son of Lord Randolph Henry Churchill q.'V. b. in 1874. One of the most outstanding leaders of the 20th century in both national and international levels. Sir Sidney White q.v. grand secretary of the Grand Lodge of England states that "Sir Winston Churchill was initiated into Freemasonry as a young man, but he never progressed in the Order, and has taken no part for many years." He was initiated in Studholme Lodge No. 1591, London and raised Malch 25, 1902 in Rosemary Lodge No. 2851. Joseph Cilley (1735-1799) Revolutionary soldier and first Major General of New Hampshire militia. b. in Nottingham" N.H. where his father was one of the first settlers. He was one of the party in Dec. 1774 that dismantled the fort at Portsmouth; and immediately after the Battle of Lexington, he raised a company of volunteers and led them into Boston. In May

1775, he was a major in Poor's regiment and was commissioned colonel in April, 1777 in the 1st New Hampshire regiment, succeeding General Stark. He served at Ticonderoga, Battle of Monmouth, with Wayne in the storming of Stony Point and in Sullivan's expedition against the Indians in New York. After the war he was appointed major general of militia in 1786. He was successively treasurer, vice president and president of the Society of the Cincinnati in N.H. His grandson, Joseph Cilley q.'V. became u.s. Senator from N.H. He was raised in St. John's Lodge No.1, Portsmouth, N.H. on June 15, 1775 and his fees were waived due to his service to his country. d. Aug. 25, 1799. Joseph Cilley (1791-1887) U.S. Senator from New Hampshire and grandson of Joseph Cilley q.?). Revolutionary soldier. b. Jan. 4, 1791 at Nottingham, N.H. Fought as a lieutenant in the Infantry in the War of 1812. He participated in the battles of Chippewa, Lundy's Lane and Chrysler's Field. At Lundy's Lane, his company led the famous charge of Col. Miller's regiment on the British battery, where nearly half of his men were either killed, wounded or missing. Every officer in Cilley's company was either killed or wounded. Subsequent to the war, he held appointments in the New Hampshire militia. He was elected to the senate in June, 1846 to fill a vacancy and served until March, 1847, when he retired to his farm in Nottingham. At the time of his death, Sept. 16, 1887, he was the oldest living U.S. senator. Cilley was a member of Sullivan Lodge No. 19, Lee, New Hampshire, and was deputy grand master of the Grand Lodge of New Hampshire in 1848-49.

Giovanni Battista Cipriani (17271785) Italian historical painter, designer and engraver who came to England in 1755 and cooperated with


Clare de Gilberi Bartolozzi q.v. in the production of the frontispiece of the 1784 edition of the Book of Constitutions. He was an early member of the Lodge of the Nine Muses No. 325 in London and painted the officers' jewels of the lodge that are still worn today. He was one of the four members of this lodge to become original members of the exclusive Royal Academy at its foundation in 1768.

1804, he was made governor, and when it became a state, he was elected by the people to the same office. He was elected to the U.S. senate, but died before taking his seat. His name was on the 1810 roster of Perfect Union Lodge No.1, New Orleans, La. d. Nov. 23, 1817. Matthew W. Clair (1865-1943) Methodist bishop. b. Oct. 21, 1865 at Union, W. Va. Ordained to Methodist Episcopal ministry in 1889, subsequently serving in Harpers Ferry, W. Va., Staunton, Va., Washington, D.C. In 1920 he was elected bishop and assigned to Monrovia, Liberia. Mason. d. June 28, 1943.

Jean Civiale (1792-1857) French surgeon, famous for his method of crushing the stone in the bladder (lithotrity). Member of the lodge La Bonne Union at Paris, being initiated in 1825.

Moses E. Clapp (1851-1929) U.S. Senator from Minnesota, 1901-17. b. May 21, 1851 at Delphi, Ind. Graduated in law at Univ. of Wisconsin in 1873 and admitted to bar same year, practicing subsequently at Hudson, Wis., Fergus Falls, Minn. and St. Paul, Minn. Was attorney general of Minnesota from 1887-93. In 1917 he resumed law practice in Washington, D.C. He was raised in Hudson Lodge, Wis. in 1872; past commander of Palestine Commandery, K.T., and received AASR degrees in St. Paul in 1897. d. March 6, 1929.

Nathaniel H. Claiborne (1777-1859) U.S. Congressman from Virginia from 1825-1837. b. Nov. 14, 1777 in Franklin Co., Va. a brother of William C. C. Claiborne q.v. first governor of Louisiana. He served for many years in both branches of the state legislature where he achieved a reputation as reformer of extravagance and abuses of government. He was the author of Notes on the Wa:r in the South. Claiborne was a member of Abingdon Lodge No. 48, Washington Co., Va. d. Aug. 15, 1859. William C. C. Claiborne (1775-1817) First Governor of Louisiana. b. in Sussex Co., Va., he was the older brother of Nathaniel H. Claiborne q.v. congressman and author. Following his admission to the bar, he settled in Nashville, Tenn., and soon received the appointment of territorial judge, assisting in the framing of the .state constitution in 1796. He was elected to the U.S. congress and served from 1797-1801. In 1802 he was appointed governor of Mississippi, and in 1803 became commissioner, with General James Wilkinson q.v. to take possession of Louisiana when it was purchased from France. After the establishment of the new government in

Martin Clare (?-1751) An English schoolmaster who wrote A Defence of Masonry in 1730 which was later reproduced路 in Anderson's Constitutions of 1738. It was written as a reply to Prichard's expose, Masonry Dissected. He was grand steward in 1734, grand junior warden in 1735 and deputy grand master in 1741. He was authorized by the grand lodge to prepare a system of lectures. It路 is believed that he was initiated in the Old King's Arms Lodge (now No. 28). He was master of what is now Lodge of Friendship No.6. d.May 19, 1751. Clare de Gilbert (1243-1295) Marquis of Pembroke, 9th Earl of Clare,


William, Duke of Clarence tice at Richmond. He was a member of the state legislature from 1917.. 20 and of the state senate from 1931-38. He was judge of the supreme court of Missouri from Jan. 1, 1939 until his death on Jan. 9, 1950. A Mason, he wrote a paper on "Judges of the Supreme Court (Mo.) who have been Masons" which was read at the 1949 communication of the Grand Lodge of Missouri. He was a member of Richmond Lodge No. 57, Cyrus Chapter No. 36, and Richmond Commandery No. 47, K.T., all of Richmond, Mo.

7th Earl of Hertford, 8th Earl of Gloucester. Married niece of Henry ill in 1253. J ained Monfort in 1263 and with Prince Edward in repelling de Montfort in 1265. He took London in 1267, but became reconciled to Henry III. He later married Joan, daughter of Edward I (1290). Tradition states that he, with Ralph Lord Monthermer, and Walter Gifford, Archbishop New York, was given charge of the operative masons in 1272.


William, Duke of Clarence William IV, King 'of England)


Arthur H. Clark (1868-1951) Pub.. lisher, author, manufacturer. h. Dec. 20, 1868 in London, England, coming to U.S. in 1888 and naturalized in 1895. Founder and president of the Arthur H. Clark Co., publishers in 1902. President of the Cleveland Worm & Gear Co. 1920-28; president of the Cleveland Laboratory Co. 192237. Founder and president of the Cleveland Institute of Aviation, 192834. Author of Bibliography of Books on History of States, Counties" Etc. of u.s. in 1928. Mason. d. May 15, 1951.

Duke of Clarence and Avondale (H.R.H. Albert Victor Christian Edward) (1864-1892) He was the eldest son of King Edward VII q.v. and brother of King George V. He entered naval training on the ship Britania in 1877 and was aide-de-camp to Queen Victoria in 1889. He was betrothed to Princess Mary of Teck in 1891 but died before the marriage. Mary later became Queen Mary, consort of his brother, King George V. He was initiated on March 17, 1885 in Royal Alpha Lodge No. 16 by his father, Edward VII, while the latter was grand master of England. In 1890 he was installed provincial grand master for Berkshire, by H.R.H. the Prince of Wales. Jules Claretie (1840-1913) French novelist, journalist and director of the Comedie Francaise in 1885. Wrote many novels including Une Drolesse, Un Assassin, Monsieur Ie Ministre', La Ciga.rette. His historical works included Les Derniers Mo-ntagnards, Historie de la Revolution de 1870-71, Le Drapeau. The Bulletin of the International Masonic Congress of 1917 lists him as a Freemason. Albert M. Clark (1879-1950) Judge of Supreme Court of Missouri. b. March 4, 1879 at Lawson, Mo. Admitted to bar in 1900 and began prac-

Bennett Champ Clark (1890-1954) U.S. Senator from Missouri. b. Jan. 8, 1890, son of Champ Clark q.v. Graduate of Univ. of Missouri and George Washington Univ. He was parliamentarian for U.S. house of representatives from 1913-17. Admitted to Missouri bar in 1914, he prac.. ticed in St. Louis from 1919. Served in WW1 as a colonel on the General Staff. Elected senator from Missouri 1933-1945. Was associate justice of the u.S. court of appeals, District of Columbia from 1945 until his death on July 13, 1954. He was initiated in Phoenix路 Lodge No. 136, Bowling Green, Mo. on July 5, 1912 and was suspended NPD on June 1, 1950. Champ Clark (1850-1921) U.S. Congressman from Missouri. b. March


Henry T. Clark 7 1850 in Anderson Co., Ky., his full

n~me was James Beauchamp. Edu-

cated in Kentucky Univ., Bethany College and Cincinnati Law School, he was president of Marshall College (W. Va.) in 1873-74. He served as congressman from Missouri from 1893-95 and 1897-1921, being speaker from 1911-19. He was a prominent candidate for Democratic presidential nomination in 1912 and led on 27 ballots, having a clear majority on eight, but lost when Wm. J. Bryan turned his influence to support Woodrow Wilson. His son, Bennett Champ q.'V. was a u.s. senator. He was a member of Perseverance Lodge No. 92 at Louisiana, Mo. Clarence D. Clark (1851-1930) U.S. Senator from Wyoming, 18951917. b. Aptil16, 1851 at Sandy Creek, N.Y. Attended Iowa State Univ. and admitted to the bar in 1874. He practiced in Delaware Co., Iowa from 1874-81 and then moved to Evanston, Wyoming, where he resumed practice. He was appointed associate justice of the supreme court of Wyoming in 1889, but declined. He was U.S. congressman to 51st and 52nd congresses from Wyoming in 188993. He was raised in Evanston Lodge No.4, March 21, 1883; member of Evanston Chapter No.2, R.A.M.; Albert Pike Commandery, K.T. all of Evanston. He received his 32째 AASR (8J) on Aug. 6, 1885 and 33째 on Oct. 22, 1897. d. Nov. 18, 1930. Edgar E. Clark (1856-1930) Labor leader and Interstate Commerce Commissioner. b. Feb. 18, 1856 at Lima, N.Y. Entered railroad service in 1873 and remained until 1889 when he went with the Order of Railway Con. ductors of America; was grand chief conductor from 1890-1906. Member of Interstate Commerce Commission from 1906-1921, and afterward member of the finn of Clark & La Roe. Mason. d. Dec. 1, 1930.

Edward Clark Former Governor of Texas. Member of Austin Lodge No. 12, Austin, Texas.

Frank S. Clark General manager of Portland Cement Co. b. Mar. 7, 1868 at Middletown, Conn. He was captured by the Sioux Indians when his parents crossed the plains in 1872 and was not found by his father until four years later. However, he spent most of his time until manhood with the Indians. Started as an electrical engineer with a railroad. He was assistant to president and assistant general manager of U.S. Cement Co., Bedford, Ind. in 1908-09. In 1910 he was general manager of Continental Portland Cement Co., President of Frank S. Clark & Co., and treasurer of U.S. Mail Box Co. Mason, 32째 AASR.

George Rogers Clark (1752..1818) Brigadier General in American Revolution. b. Nov. 19, 1752 near Monticello,. Va. Became a surveyor in Kentucky where he organized and led the frontiersmen in defense against Indian attacks in 1776-77. He gained the approval of Patrick Henry, governor of Virginia for an expedition to conquer territory in what is now Illinois, and he captured the key points of Kaskaskia in 1778 and Vincennes in 1779, saving the Illinois and Kentucky region for the colonies. He was engaged in fighting the British and Indians in that territory until 1783. He died in poverty. Dr. Richard Ferguson, master of Abraham. Lodge No. 8 Louisville, Ky. was the surgeon ~ho amputated General Clark's leg, with music from a drum and fife furnishing the only anesthetic. His lodge is unknown, but he was buried Masonically by Abraham Lodge No. 8, Louisville. d. Feb. 13, 1818. He was the older brother of the explorer William Clark q.v.

Henry T. Clark Former Governor of North Carolina. Member of Con-


James Clark the Revolution he served in the siege of Boston and the defense of New York. He was wounded at the Battle of Long Island and taken prisoner. Confined to a fi1thy prison, he died in December of his wounds. He had been made a Mason during his fre.. quent business trips to New Haven in old Hiram Lodge No.1 on Feb. 20, 1763. Two years later he was named junior warden in the charter granted a lodge at Waterbury (present King Solomons No.7 of Woodbury). There is also reason to believe that he was later active in the lodge at Wallingford, now Compass No.9. In February 1776, he was commissioned by the grand master of St. John's Provincial Grand Lodge at Boston to organize American Union Lodge among the Freemasons holding military commissions in the Connecticut line regiments. This famous military lodge numbered many American pa.. triots among its members... Clark was founding master. It traveled with the Continental Army throughout the war, working in New Jersey and New York. After the war the charter was carried west and it was established in Marietta, Ohio, where it is No. 1 on the Ohio register and one of the most famous lodges of the country.

cord Lodge No. 58, Tarboro, N.C., serving as its master in 1852 and 1865. He represented the lodge at grand lodge in 1852, 1853 and 1865. Member of Concord Chapter No.5, R.A.M. and active in the Grand Chapter of N.C. He was a trustee of St. John's Masonic College. James Clark Territorial Governor of Iowa. Initiated in Des Moines Lodge No. 1 at Burlington, Iowa on March 1, 1841. James Clark (1779-1839) Governor of Kentucky. b. in Bedford Co., Va., he moved with family to Kentucky when a child. Practiced law at Winchester and was a member of the state legislature several times. Was judge of court of appeals in 1810, and served in U.S. congress from 1813-16 and 1825-30. In 1832 he was elected to the state senate, becoming its speaker; and in 1836 was elected governor, serving until his death on Aug. 27, 1839. Mason. James W. Clark (1877-1939) Justice, Supreme Court of Oklahoma. b. Dec. 8, 1877 at Allisona, Tenn. He began law practice in Atoka Co., Okla. in 1909. He was justice of the supreme court of Oklahoma from 192533 and vice chief justice from 1931-33. Mason. d. Feb. -24, 1939.

John Clark Governor of Delaware in 1817. Member of Lodge No. 14 at Christiana Ferry, Del., being initiated March 20, 1783.

Jerome B. Clark U.S. Congressman from North Carolina to 71st and 72nd Congresses (1929-33) and 73rd to 80th Congresses (1939-49). b. April 5, 1882 at Elizabethtown, N.C. Began practice in Elizabethtown in 1906. Mason.

John M. Clark Brigadier General Air Force. b. Nov. 1, 1893 at Lockhart, Tex. Commissioned lieutenant in 1917 and advanced through grades to brigadier general in 1942. Retired in 1946. Mason.


Joel Clark (1730-1776) Colonel in Revolutionary War and founder of famous American Union Lodge (military). He was a farmer and trader of Farmington, Conn. and when a boy of 15 served on the expedition against Louisbourg in 1745 and later in the French and Indian Wars. In

John R. Clark (1888-?) Justice Supreme Court .0ÂŁ Colorado. b. Dec. 19, 1888 at Louisville, Colo. Admitted to bar in 1911. Appointed to supreme court in 1951 and elected to ten year term in 1952. Grand m.aster QÂŁ the


Thomas C. Clark Grand Lodge of Colorado in 1944-45

forces in the Far East. He retired in 1953 to accept the presidency of The Citadel, a military college in Charleston, S. Car. Clark was raised in Mystic Tie Lodge No. 398 at Indianapolis on Dec. 30, 1929, later affiliating with Hancock Lodge No. 11 at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas. He received his 32° AASR in Indianapolis in 1930 and affiliated with the Scottish Rite in Leavenworth in 1934, removing his membership back to Indianapolis and receiving his 33° in 1946. In 1954 the Supreme Council AASR (NJ) presented him the Gourgas Medal, their highest decoration, which has been given only to six others. It is "in recognition of notably distinguished service in the cause of Freemasonry, humanity or country."

and 33 0 AASR (SJ). Member of Rio Blanco Lodge No. 80 at Meeker, Colo.; Meeker Chapter No. 37, R.A.M.; Meeker Commandery No. 33, K.T. and 33° AASR (SJ). Deceased. Joseph J. Clark

Vice Admiral,

U.S. Navy. b. Nov. 12, 1893 of Chero-

kee Indian blood. He graduated from

the Naval Academy in 1917, advancing through the grades to vice admiral and commander of the 7th Fleet. Now retired, he is vice president of Radio Receptor Co. He was raised on December 6, 1945 in Chelsea Lodge No. 84, Chelsea, Okla. with many old time Cherokee leaders present. Clark was treated like just plain Joe Clark, Indian boy in his fifties, come home to be a Master Mason in his home lodge.

Mark Wayne Clark General, U.S. Anny. b. May 1, 1896 at Madison Barracks, N.Y. Graduate of u.s. Military Academy in 1917, he later graduated from many service schools and has received honorary degrees from a dozen universities both here and abroad. He was commissioned 2nd lieutenant in April, 1917 and advanced to full general in 1945. Led a battalion in WW1 and was wounded. Participated in St.. Mihiel and MeuseArgonne offensives. In WW2 he became deputy chief of staff, then chief of staff of the Army Ground Forces in 1942. He was one of the officers landed in Africa by submarine to confer with representatives of General Giraud on the forthcoming invasian by Allied forces. He subsequently was commander of the 5th Army (first active in the ETO) in 1943, commanded the 15th Army group, (U.S. and British armies) in Italy, 1944-45; commander-in-chief of U.S. occupation forces in Austria. In 1952 he was commander in chief of the United Nation Command in Korea and commanding general of all U.S.

Melville Clark Harpist, inventor. b. Sept. 12, 1883 at Syracuse, N.Y. Has been in music business since 1899 and is president of Clark Music Co. His harp inventions have included a per£ectportable harp, the Clark nyIon harp, string; a plastic and nylon harp impervious to weather. He has given more than 4,000 harp concerts in U.S., Canada and England. He per£ected plan for aero"'stations to distribute literature, used by England in WW1. Mason, Scottish Rite- member. Stephen C. Clark President of Baseball Hall of Fame at Cooperstown, N.Y. b. Aug. 29, 1882 at Cooperstown, N.Y. Graduate of Columbia and Yale Universities. He is vice president of the Safe Deposit Co. of New York and director of Singer Manufacturing Co. Served in .80th division during WWl with rank of lieutenant colonel. Member of Otsego Lodge No. 138, Cooperstown, N.Y. Thomas C. Clark u.s. Attorney General and Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court. b. Sept. 23, 1899 at Dallas, Texas. Attended Virginia Military Institute and graduated from Univ. of Texas in 1921, being admitted


Thomas D. Clark

to bar the following year. With Department of Justice from 1937-45, serving as Attorney General of the U.S. from 1945-49 at which date he was appointed associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court in August. Served in 153rd Inf. during WW1. Member of Washington Lodge No. 1117 at Dallas, Texas, and received his 32° AASR (SJ) at Dallas in 1930.

army in 1807 and officiated as Indian agent until appointed by Congress as brigadier general for territory of Upper Louisiana. President Madison appointed him governor of Missouri Territory in 1813 and he held the office until Missouri became a state in 1822. He ran, .against his will, for the governorship at that time, but was de.. feated. President Monroe then made him superintendent of Indian affairs at St. Louis, and he held the office until his death on Sept. 1, 1838 in St. Louis. He was a member of St. Louis Lodge No. 111 (under Pennsylvania charter) and was buried in Bellefontaine Cemetery, St. Louis, with Masonic honors. A large monument with the square and compasses is over his grave.

Thomas D. Clark Historian. b. July 14, 1903 at Louisville, Miss. Graduate of Mississippi, Kentucky and Duke Universities. History professor in turn at Western State Teachers College (Tenn.), Univ. of Tenn., Univ. of Rochester, Duke Univ.,. Univ. of North Carolina, Univ. of Chicago and with the Univ. of Kentucky since 1931. Among his many books are:

History of Kentucky, The Rampaging Frontier., Exploring Kentucky, The Ken.tucky (Rivers of America Series) Pills, Petticoats and Plows. Mason. William Clark (1770-1838) Famed partner of the Lewis and Clapk Expedition to the Northwest, brigadier general, U.S. Army and territorial governor of Missouri. h. Aug. 1, 1770 in Virginia, he was a brother of the famous George Rogers Clark q.v'. of Revolutionary fame. He early became acquainted with Indian warfare when his family moved to site of present city of Louisville and his brother, George Rogers, built a fort. He migrated to St. Louis and in March, 1804 Jefferson appointed him a lieutenant of artillery with orders to join Capt. Merriwether Lewis' expedition from St. Louis across the Rocky mountains to the mouth of the Columbia River. Clark was really the principal military director of the expedition, materially assisting Lewis in the arrangements and kept a journal, which was afterward published. His intimate knowledge of Indian habits and character had much to do with the success of the expedition. He resigned from the

William A. Clark (1839-1925) U.S. Senator from Montana, 1901-07. b. Jan. 8, 1839 at Connellsville, Pa. Although he studied law, he did not enter the proÂŁes'sion, but taught school in Missouri, Colorado and then Montana. In Montana he became a banker, mine owner and president and director of many enterprises including railroads, sugar production and realty. He led the Butte battalion in the Nez Perce campaign of 1878 and was president of the constitutional convention of 1884 and 1889. He claimed election to U.S. Senate as Democrat in 1890 but was denied seat. Elected again in 1898, a contest ensued at Washington, but before the investigation was concluded, he resigned. He was variously a member of Virginia City Lodge 'No.1, Morning Star Lodge No.5, Helena, and Deer Lodge No. 14, Deer City, Mont., serving as master of the latter. He was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Montana in 1877. d. Mar. 2, 1925. Bascom B. Clarke (1851-1929) Editor and president of Clarke Publish.. ing Co., Madison, Wis. b. June 24, 1851 in Lexington, Va. Started in pub-


Angelo R. elas James P. Clarke (1854-1916) U.S. Senator and Governor of Arkansas. b. Aug. 18, 1854 at Yazoo City, Miss. Graduated from Univ. of Virgiriia in 1878 and admitted to bar in that year, moving to Helena, Ark. in 1879, where he practiced until 1897 and then removed to Little Rock. Served in both houses of state legislature and was attorney general of Arkansas. He was governor from 1895-97, and U.S. senator from Arkan'sas for three terms, 1903-21, dying on Oct. 1, 1916 before completing his last term. Member of Western Star Lodge No.2, Little Rock, Ark.

lishing business in 1898. Editor of American Thresherman and founder of Brotherhood of Threshermen. Mason and author of Uncle Silas' Gospel of Freemasonry, 1920, and The Gospel 01 DeMolay, 1924. d. March 17,

1929. Bruce C. Clarke Brigadier General, U.S. Army. b. April 20, 1901 at Adams, N.Y. Graduate of West Point in 1925, advancing through grades to brigadier general in 1944. Member of General Staff in 1942-43; combat commander of armored division 1943-45; staff member of Army Ground Forces, 1945-48 and assistant commandant of The Armored School since 1948.

.John H. Clarke (1857-1945) Justice of U.S. Supreme Court and pacifist. b. Sept. 18, 1857 at Lisbon, Ohio. Graduate of WesteIil Reserve Univ. Admitted to Ohio har in 1878 and practiced at Lisbon, Youngstown and Cleveland. Was u.S. district judge for Northern Ohio, 1914-16, and associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme court from July 14, 1916 to Sept. 1922. He resigned in order to give his entire time to cultivating public opinion favorable to world peace. He was president of the League of Nations Non-Partisan Association of the U.S. from 1922-30, trustee of World Peace Foundation. Member of Western Star Lodge No. 21, Youngstown, Ohio. d. March 22, 1945.


Sir Casper P. Clarke (1846-1911) Director of Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City. b. Dec. 21, 1846 at London, England and educated in England and France. He was director of the Victoria and Albert Museum of London until 1905 when he came to America to be director of the Metropolitan Museum. He was created a knight in 1902 and received the Chevalier Legion d'Honneur from France in 1878; Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire in 1883; Commander Victorian Order in 1905; and Commander's Cross Order of the Crown (German). He was a member of Quatuor Coronati Lodge No. 2076 of London. d. 1911.

Robert Clarke Architect of the Capitol at Washington, D.C. Served as high priest of Washington Chapter No. 16. Was later suspended.


Hop,ewell Clarke (1854-1931) One of the developers of the Mesabi Iron Range in Northern Minnesota. b. March 10, 1854 at Williamsport, Pa., he studied civil and mining engineering. Was with various Minnesota railroads in the early day as a surveyor and an early settler of far northern Minnesota. During controversy over the source of the Mississippi River, he made a survey of its headwaters. Mason. d. Feb. 3, 1931.

Angelo R. etas Architect. b. Feb. 13, 1887 at路 Milwaukee, Wis. Graduated from Harvard in 1909. Began iti manufacturing business and later partner with D. H. Burnham & Co. in Chicago. In 1935-36 was director of housing for Federal Emergency Administration of Public Works. He is now an architect and consultant. Recent works include Federal Loan


Charles R. Clason raphy, Tell Me Why Stories, About Mother Nature, Making Pictures of Children, Partners 01 the Forest Trail, Pirates by Force, The Gold He Found, Dangerous Waters, The' Girl Reporter, Beginner's Book of Model Airplanes, Mystery Men of Mars, Thousand Years a Minute, Land of No Shadow, Treasures of Darkness, and many others. His Masonic writ.. ings include hundreds of short talk bulletins and digests for the Masonic Service Association representing some of the best Masonic writing and research available. Masonic books are The Lion's Paw, The Master?s Book, Washington's Home and Fraternal Life, The' Unknown Mason, and Introduction to Freemasonry (2 volurnes). His best known Masonic plays are: Greatest of These, He That Believeth, Greater Love Hath No Man, A Rose UPOfll, the Altar, Judge Not and Hearts ot the Fathers. d. May 27, 1957.

Agency, Maritime buildings, Statler Hotel, Y.M.C.A. addition, all of Washington, D.C. -and large scale private housing developments in .Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania and Tennessee. Mason. Charles R.. Clason Congressman to 75th to 80th Congresses (1937-49) from 2nd Mass. district. b. Sept. 3, 1890 at Gardiner, Maine. Graduate of Bates College, and Rhodes scholar from Maine in 1917. Admitted to Mass. bar in 1917, practicing in Boston and later Springfield. Served in WWl. Mason. David G. Classon (1870-1930) U.S. Congressman 65th to 67th Congresses (1917-23) from 9th Wisconsin dist. b. Sept. 27, 1870 at Oconto, Wis. Admitted to bar in 1891 and practiced at Oconto. Judge of the 20th judicial circuit of Wisconsin from 1928 until his death Sept. 6, 1930. Mason. Carl H. Claudy (1879-1957) Writer. b. Jan. 13, 1879 in Washington, D.C. In 1898 he was a prospector and pioneer in Alaska. He was editor of American Inventor from 1900-04; Prism, 1908-09; Cathedral Calendar, 1921-27, and The Master Mason, 192430. He was later a free-lance writer and aviation correspondent for New York Herald at Washington. He was director of publicity for National Highways Association from 1911 and executive secretary of the Masonic Service Association since 1929. He was raised in Hannony Lodge No. 17, Washington, D.C. in 1908, serving as master in 1932 and grand master of Grand Lodge of District of Columbia' in 1943. A member of chapter, council and commandery he was a 33 0 AASR (8J) and holder of many grand lodge medals and honorary memberships. He is the author of many books, plays and short stories including Press Photograp,hy, Battle of Base'ballJ First Book of Photog-

Henry C. Clausen Lawyer. In charge of the investigation of the Pearl Harhoi"' disaster of WW2. Admitted to California bar and practiced in San Francisco since 1927. Served in WW2 in Judge Advocate General's dept. Member of Ingleside Lodge No. 630, San Francisco, he was grand master of the Grand Lodge of California in 1954-55. 33 0 AASR (8J), he is sovereign grand inspector general of Calif. Member of Islam Shrine Temple. George Claussen (1882-1948) Chief Justice. Supreme Court of Iowa, 1934-35. b. Aug. 6, 1882 at Clinton, Ia. He graduated from Univ. of Iowa and practiced in Clinton. Mason. d. Dec. 18, 1948.

F. T. BegueClavel A French abbe and Masonic writer who in 1842 published Picturesque History of Freemasonry and of Ancient and Modern SeCTetSocie'ties. Because he published


Henry Clay the work without the consent of the

war.. Clay was admitted to the bar in 1809 and began practice in Huntsville, Ala.. in 1811. Served in Creek War of 1813 and elected to territorial council in 1817. Delegate to state constitutional convention in 1819 and chosen circuit judge by first legislature in 1820... Served as chief justice from 1920-23.. Served in u.S. Congress from 1829-35 and elected governor of Alabama in 1835 and again in 1837, resigning before the expiration of term to fill U.S. Senate vacancy. Member of Alabama Lodge No. 21..

Grand Orient of France, he was suspended for two months and condemned to pay a fine. In 1844 he began the publication of a Masonic journal called Grand Orient, later changing it to Orient. Again he failed to receive the approval of the grand lodge and was sentenced by it to perpetual exclusion in spite of his popularity within the Craft. Brooke Claxton Canadian Minister of Health and National Welfare 1944-46 and Minister of National Defense 1946-54. Presently president and general manager of Canadian Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. b. Aug. 23, 1898 at Montreal, P.Q. Canadian representative at UNRRA in 1943-44; International Labor Organization, 1945, International Health Conference, 1946, and head of the Canadian delegation to Conference of Nation'S of British Commonwealth in 1947. Mason. Cassius M. Clay (1810-1903) American abolitionist, politician and U.S. Minister to Russia. b. Oct. 19, 1810 in Madison Co., Ky.. , son of Green Clay q.v. General of the War of 1812. Graduated from Yale in 1832.. Practiced law in Kentucky and was elected to路 legislature in 1835, 1837, 1839, 1840. In 1845 he issued an antislavery paper in Lexington called The True American and was almost lynched for it.. He was continually involved in quarrels and bloody encounters and 'Vvas constantly armed.. Taken prisoner in Mexican War and later exchanged. WaS made major general of volunteers in 1862.. He was minister to Russia in 1861-62 and again in 1863-69. He was a member of Davies Lodge No. 22, Ky.. Clement C. Clay (1789-1866) U.S.. Senator and Governor of Alabama.. b.. Dec. 17, 1789 in Halifax Co.. , Va. Son of a Revolutionary officer; his family moved to Tennessee after the

Green Clay (1757-1826) General in War of 1812. b.. Aug. 14, 1757 in Powhatan Co., Va. he was the father of Cassius M. Clay q.v'. American abolitionist and a cousin of Henry Clay q.. v . He emigrated to Kentucky b'efore he was 21 and acquired a fortune as a surveyor. He was a representative of the Kentucky district in the Virginia legislature and a member of the convention that ratified the Federal constitution and a leading member of the Kentucky constitutional convention of 1799.. He served many years in both branches of the state legislature, and was at one time speaker of the senate. In 1813 when General Harrison was besieged by the B,ritish at Fort Meigs, he came to his relief with 3,000 volunteers and forced the enemy to withdraw.. He was left in command of the fort and defended it with skill against the British and Indians under Proctor and Tecumseh. He was a member of Lexington Lodge No.. 1,' Lexington,. Ky.. Suspended in 1805 and reinstated in 1808. d. Oct. 31, 1826.. Henry Clay (1777-1852) U.S. Senator, Congressman, and 'Secretary of State. b. April 12, 1777 in Hanover Co., Va. Self educated, he studied law under Robert Brooke q..'V .. of Virginia and moved to Lexington, Ky.. in 1797, where he p~acticed law. A successful lawyer, he once defended Aaron Burr q..1 ). He was U . S. senator from Ken-


John G. Claybourn tucky from 1806-07, 1831-42, 1849-52. Served in U.S. congress from 1811-21 and 1823-25 and was speaker of the house. From 1825-29 he was Secretary of State. He was raised in Lexington Lodge No.1, Lexington, Ky., sometime between 1798 and 1801, served as its master and was grand master of Kentucky in 1820. He was one of the proponents of a general grand lodge, and offered a resolution to that effect at a Masonic conference held in the senate chambers on March 9, 1882 in Washington' D'.C. 'After the defeat of the idea he demitted from his lodge on Nov. 18, 1824, but seemingly reinstated, as he was present at the grand lodge sessions in 1829. He was an honorary member of St. John's Lodge No.1, New York City. During the anti-Masonic period he flirted politically with members of that' party. When questioned as to his views. on Masonry he answered, "But it must not be said that I concur in the denunciation of Masonry. Nor must it be expected that I will make any formal renunciation of it. I believe it does more good than harm, although it does not practically effect all that it theoretically promises. I would not denounce and formally renounce it to be made President of the United States." He was grand orator of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky in 1806, 1807 and 1809. He was buried with Masonic honors and his monument was Masonically dedicated on July 4, 1858. d. June 29, 1852.

struction engineer of Dique canal, Colombia, 1917, Costa Rica, 1925-4648 and Trans-Florida ship canal, 1933. He has written Dr'edging on the Panama Canal, Evolution of the Panama Canal and other works. Raised in Western Star Lodge No. 26, Albert Lea, Minn. about 1907. Member of Canal Zone Chapter No.1, R.A.M.; Canal Zone Council No.1, R. & S.M.; Canal路 Zone Commandery No.1, K.T. and San Lorenco Conclave No. 70, Red Cross of Constantine at Ancon" Canal Zone.

Moses Cleaveland (1754-1806) Founded Cleveland, Ohio in 1796, which was first called "Cleaveland." b. at Canterbury, Conn., he was at Yale when the Revolution broke out. He rushed to Boston to volunteer, but was persuaded to return and finish his education. In 1777 he was commissioned in Col. Blatchley Webb's Continentals (sometimes called the "Yale" regiment). After the war he practiced law in Connecticut and rose to a position of influence in the state. He represented his town in the general assembly for 18 sessions and commanded the 5th Militia Brigade for ten years. He led the exploration and survey party as an official of the Connecticut Land Company which had purchased land in the Northwest Ter.. ritory (later Ohio) and laid out several million acres into townships. The venture was far from successful for the immediate investors. He was made a Mason in American Union Lodge John G. Claybourn Dredging engi- (military) in September 1779 while neer. b.. May 23, 1886 at Albert Lea, the army was stationed in the Hud.. Minn. Was employed as rodman, lev- son Highlands. At Litchfield, Conn. elman and transitman on the Isthmian he affiliated with St. Paul's Lodge in Canal from 1910-14 and with the 1781, and in 1791 was named master Panama Canal from 1914 to 1948. Now of Moriah Lodge-the first to be charretired, he is a conslutant on rivers, tered by the new Grand Lodge of harbors, and canals. He has invented Connecticut.. He also appears in the and collaborated on many new de- grand lodge minutes as grand junior signs of dredges; compressors and mo- warden pro-tern at one communica.. tors. With Columbia and Venezuela tion, and was the first appointed harbor development in 1948; con- grand marshal. As deputy for the


Samuel L. Clemens

grand master, he instituted Putnam Lodge at Pomfret in 1801.

Lodge No. 491, Mathiston, Miss. in Sept., 1923.

Patrick R. Cleburne (1828-1864) Confederate Major General in Civil War. b. March 17, 1828 in County Cork, Ireland. He came to the U.S. and settled at Helena, Ark. where he studied law and later engaged in a successful practice. He joined the Confederate army as a private, planned the capture of the U.S. arsenal in Arkansas in 1861, and received various promotions to major general in Dec. 1862. He commanded the 2nd brigade of the 3rd corps at Shiloh, was wounded in the battle of Perryville, and commanded a division of the right wing at Murfreesboro and Chickamauga. He distinguished himself in the rear guard action at Missionary Ridge and defended Ringgold Gap. At Jonesboro he covered the retreat of Hood and commanded a corps at Franklin, where he was killed on Nov. 30, 1864. He was a favorite with the Irish brigade and was called the "Stonewall of the West." He instituted the Order of the Southern Cross and was among the first to advise the use of colored troops in the armies of the Confederacy. Cleburne was a member of Lafayette Lodge No. 16 at Helena, Ark. and treasurer of the same.

Robert I. Clegg (1866-1931) Mechanical engineer. b. May 13, 1866 in Lancashire, England. Became U.S. citizen in 1891. Held several important positions in professional societies and edited technical journals. He wrote extensively for Masonic periodicals and made complete revisions of Mackey's History of Freemasonry, Encyclopedia of Freemasonry, Jurisprudence of Freemasonry, and Symbolism of Freemasotnry. He was 12th president of the National League of Masonic Clubs and at one time president of. the Masonic History Co. of Chicago. :t-Ie was raised in Tyrian Lodge No. 370, Cleveland, Ohio on Oct. 25, 1905, 33掳 AASR (NJ) and member of practically every Masonic body. d. Dec. 3, 1931.

Hugh H. Clegg Former Assistant Director of F.B.I. b. July 17, 1898 at Mathiston, Miss. Professor of history, Latin, chemistry and science before entering the F.B.I. as a special agent in 1926. He later served as special agent of field divisions at Atlanta, Washington and Chicago. From 193254 he was assistant director in charge of training and inspection division. He was in charge of the F.B.I. "National Academy from 1935 and in charge of special mission making wartime studies in intelligence, defense and enforcement路 in England, 1940-41. Retired. Raised Mathiston

Samuel L. Clemens (1835-1910) American author and humorist. b. Nov. 30, 1835 at Florida, Mo. He was apprenticed to a printer at 12 and was Mississippi River pilot for a short time. He went west as secretary to his brother who had been appointed territorial secretary of Nevada. Was city editor of the Virginia City (Nev.) Enterprise in 1862, and alternated between mining and newspaper work, until, becoming noted as a humorist, he began lecturing and writing books. He founded the publishing house of C. L. Webster & Co. in 1884 and its failure nearly ruined him financially. Among his many famous books are The Innocents Abroad, Roughing It, Adventures of Tom Sawyer, The Prince and the Paup'er, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, A Yankee at the Court of King Arthur, etc. He was a member of Polar Star Lodge No. 79, St. Louis, Mo. (EA May 22, 1861, Fe, June 12, 1861, MM Ju1y 10, 1861). He was later suspended and reinstated on April 24, 1867. He dimitted Oct. 8, 1868 and presumably


William M. Clemens never again affiliated with any lodge. He is recorded as having visited Carson City Lodge, U.D. in Feb. and March of 1862.. During his trip to Palestine, he sent his lodge a gavel with this note: "This mallet is a cedar, cut in the forest of Lebanon, whence Solomon obtained the timbers for the temple." Clemens cut the handle himself :from a cedar just outside the walls of Jerusalem. He had it made in Alexandria, Egypt and it was presented to the lodge on April 8, 1868. d. 1910. William M. Clemens (1876-1932) Newspaper editor. h. April 30, 1876 at Louisville, Ky. He edited the following papers: Memphis N ews-Scimitar, 1906, Birmingham News, 1912, Mobile Item, 1915, Atlanta Georgian, 1920, Knoxville' Journal, 1922, Flushing Journal (L.I.), 1929-31. Served in Spanish American War. Mason. d. Nov. 23, 1932. Augustus Clement (1700-1766) Duke of Bavaria and Elector of Cologne, who was a Freemason until 1738, when at the publication of Pope Clement XII's Bull against Freemasonry, he withdrew from the Craft at least openly, although it is said he privately maintained his affiliation and founded the Society of Mopses. Clement V (1264-1314) The 195th Pope. Originally Bertrand de Got. He was Archbishop of Bordeaux. As a friend of King Philip the Fair, he moved the papal residence from Rome to Avignon, Jrrance in 1309 and thus created' a schism in the church with Popes and Antipopes. As the price of his papal crown, he is said to have made an agreement with Philippe Ie Bel for the destruction of the Knights Templar (1312). It is also recorded that either Jacques de Malay, or Guy, the Dauphin d'Auvergne, when at the stake, summoned Clement V before God in forty days. A few days. after

the execution (March 11, 1314), an illness began for Clement, endirlg in his death on April 20, 1314. Clement xn The 248th Pope, he issued the first Papal Bull against Freemasonry on April 24, 1738. Entitled In Eminenti Apostolatus Specula, it stated in part: "For which reason the temporal and spiritual communities are enjoined, in the name of holy obedience, neither to enter the society of Freemasons, to disseminate its principles, to defend it, nor to admit nor conceal it within their houses or places, or elsewhere, under the pain of excommunication ipso facto, for all acting in contradiction to this, and from which the pope only can absolve the dying." He served as Pope from 1730-40 and was a bitter persecutor of the Craft. He caused his secretary of state, Cardinal Firrao g.v. to issue a more stringent order on Jan. 14, 1739 that pertained to the Papal states in which death was the penalty for membership. Charles M. Clement (1855-1934) Major General, U.S. Army.. b. Oct. 28, 1855 at Sunbury, Pa. Served in Spanish American War, Mexican border conflict and WW1. Enlisted as private in Pennsylvania National Guard in 1877, advancing through grades to major. general in 1915, retiring in 1919. He commanded the 28th Division at Camp Hancock, Ga., in 1917. Mason and 33째 AASR .(NJ). d. Sept. 9, 1934. Frank G. Clement Governor of Tennessee. b.June 2, 1920 at Dickson, Tenn. Graduated from Vanderbilt Univ. in 1942. Admitted to bar in 1941, he practiced in Nashville and Dickson from 1946-50. He was with the F.B.I. from 1941-43. He has served as governor of Tennessee since 1953. Served as lieutenant in Army in WW1. In 1948 was named outstanding young man by Tennessee Junior


Edgar L. Clewell Chamber of Commerce and as one of the nation's 10 outstanding young men by the U.S. Junior Chamber of Commerce in 1953. Was state commander of the American Legion in 1948. Mason, 32 0 AASR (SJ) and Shriner. A member of Dickson Lodge No. 468 at Dickson, Tenn., he attended the Grand .Lodge of Tennessee at its sessions in 1954 and 1956.

Chester W. Cleveland Magazine editor. b. Aug. 11, 1898 at Plymouth, Ind. Editor of The Magazine of Sigma Chi, also The Sigma Chi Bulletin since 1921. Edited The' Quill, official publication of Sigma Delta Chi professional journalistic fraternity, 192225. Author of History of Sigma Chi (7 volumes), SagCL of a Hoosier Boy, The N orman Shield;, George Ade-: The Great American Humorist, Indiana Is So Rich (lyrics), Fielding H. Yost: Football Immortal, B.ooth Tarkington, T'ke Great American Novelist and others. Mason, Knight Ternplar, 32°AASR (NJ) and Shriner.

John P. Clement Officer, British forces, War of 1812. Member of Niagara Lodge No.2, G.R.e. of Ontario. Served as captain in the 8th Foot and during a skirmish on Ju1y 5, 1814, he saw an Indian in the act o£killing an American prisoner, who gave him a Masonic sign. Clement rescued the brother and took him to a farm house and cared for him until well enough to be sent home. Some months after, Clement was taken prisoner and his jailor turned out to be the very man he had succored. His jailor informed him that a conveyance would return him to Canada the next morning. Clement died in 1845.

Grover Cleveland (1837-1908) Twenty-second and twenty-fourth President of the United States (188589, 1893-97). Not a Freemason, but favorable to the fraternity.. At the banquet following the dedication by the Grand Lodge of Virginia of the monument erected to Mary, the mother of Wa'shington, he· said he "regarded it as his misfortune that he had never been made a Mason." At one time there was talk of making him a Mason "at sight" in the Grand Lodge of New Jersey, but it was never accomplished.

Earle C. Clements U.S. Senator and Governor of Kentucky. b. Oct. 22, 1896 at Morganfield, Ky. Served as official in Kentucky for 28 years, successively as sheriff, county clerk, judge and state .senator. Congressman to 79th and 80th congresses (1945-49) . Governor of Kentucky, 1947-50 and u.s. senator from Kentucky since 1950. Member of Morganfield Lodge No. 66, Morganfield, Ky. Chauncey" F. Cleveland (1799-1887) Governor of Connecticut in 1842. b. Feb. 16, 1799 at Hampton, Conn. Admitted to bar in 1819. First elected to state legislature in 1826, and reelected eleven times. Served as u.s. Congressman for terms starting in 1849 and 1851. Member of the .peace congress of 1861. Member o£ Eastern Star Lodge No. 44, Windham. Initiated in 1821 and later served as junior warden. d. June 6, 1887.

Cliff Clevenger Congressman, 76th to 81st Congresses (1939-51) from 5th Ohio dist. b. Aug. 20, 1885 at Long Pine, Nebr. Entered dry goods business at Marengo, Iowa in 1901. President of The Clevenger Stores, Bowling Green, Ohio 1915-26, and manager of F. W. Uhlman Stores, Bryan, Ohio, 1927-38. Raised in Waverly Lodge No. 51, Appleton, Wis. in 1913 and presently a member of Bryan Lodge No. 215, Bryan, Ohio. Dimitted from chapter, council and commandery at Appleton, Wis. and life member, 32 0 AASR (SJ) at Toledo. Member of Zenobia Shrine Temple, Toledo. Edgar L. Clewell Brigadier General, U.S. Army. b. July 22, 1896 at Bethesda, Minn. Commissioned in


Walter D. Cline 1917 and advanced to brigadier general in 1942. Executive officer of Ft. Monmouth, N.J. 1940-42. Director of Signal Supply, E.T.O., 1944. Chief of Procurement & Distribution Service, 1945-46. Retired, Nov. 30, 1946. Raised in St. Johns Lodge No.9, Seattle, Wash. in 1918, 32째 AASR in Caldwell Consistory at Bloomsburg, Pa., Aloha Shrine Temple at Honolulu, T.H. and National Sojourners at Harrisburg,

Fa. Walter D. Cline Oil producer and Imperial Potentate of Shrine, 193940. b. March 26, 1883 at St. Helena Parish, La. Was successively teacher, mille driver, carpenter, timekeeper. Moved to Texas in 1905 and brought in Fowler Well No.1, the discovery well of the Burkburnett Pool. A pioneer operator in the Panhandle field of West Texas, he brought in the first well north of the Canadian River in 1922.

Charles Clingman Protestant Episcopal Bishop. b. Jan. 19, 1883 at Covington, Ky. Graduate of Kenyon College in 1905. Made deacon in 1907, . priest in 1908. Served as rector in churches at Newport, Ky., Dallas Texas, Birmingham, Ala., 1908-36. Elected bishop diocese of Kentucky on Jan. 24, 1936. Initiated in Fort Thomas Lodge No. 808, Ft. Thomas, Ky. in April, 1910. Charter member, life member and first chaplain of Washington Lodge No. 1117, Dallas, Texas. 82째 AASR (SJ) at Dallas, Texas and member of Arabia Shrine Temple at Houston, Texas. DeWitt Clinton (1769-1828) Governor of New York, U.S. Senator from New York, Mayor of New York City, and instigator of the Erie Canal. b. March 2, 1769 in New Windsor, Conn. Graduated from Columbia in 1786, studied law, but practiced very little, devoting most of his time to politics. He became private secretary

to his uncle, George, q.v. in 1790, then governor of New York. Served in the lower house in 1797 and state senate from 1798-1802. While in the latter, he worked to secure public defense, passage of sanitary laws, abolition of slavery and promotion of steam in navigation. Elected to the U.S. senate in 1802, he resigned to take the office of mayor of New York City, to which his uncle George, then governor for the second time, had appointed him. He continued as mayor until 1815 with the exception of the years 1807-09 and 1810-11. During this time he was again state senator from 1805-11 and lieutenant governor from 1811-13. He was a promising candidate for the presidency on the Peace Party ticket in 1812 but was defeated by Madison. As mayor of New York he promoted the establishment of public schools, founded institutions of literature and art and helped to give the city a metropolitan character. As early as 1809 he had been appointed one of the seven commissioners to examine and survey a route for canal from the Hudson to the great lakes. He was sent by the legislature in 1812 to congress to urge the adoption of the project. In 1815, he petitioned the state legislature for immediate construction of the Erie and Champlain canals and the motion was carried in 1817. He was elected governor in 1817, again in 1819 and the third time in 1826, holding that office at his death on Feb. 11, "1828. It was during the last term that the Morgan q.v. incident took place in New York. In Oct., 1825 the Erie canal was opened with great ceremony and Clinton was carried on a barge in a triumphal procession from Lake Erie to New York. He was raised in Holland Lodge No. 16 (now No.8) Sept. 3, 1790, serving as its master in 1793 and grand master of the Grand Lodge of New York from 1806-19. He was grand high priest of the Grand Chap-


Henry R. Cloud ter, R.A.M. of New York in 1798 and general grand high priest of the General Grand Chapter of the u.s. from 1816-26. He was knighted in "Holland Lodge" May 17,1792, served as grand commander of the Grand Commandery, K.T. of New York from 1814-28 and was grand master of the Grand Encampment of the U.S. from 181828. d. Feb. 11, 1828. George Clinton (1739-1812) Member of Continental Congress (17751776); Governor of New York (177795 and 1801-04); Vice-President of the United State's (1805-12), Brigadier General in American Revolution (1777). b. July 26, 1739 in Little Britain, N.Y. He was an uncle of DeWitt Clinton q.'V. He missed signing the Declaration of Independence as Washington asked him to take a post in the highlands as a general of militia. In 1758, he participated in the expedition against Fort Frontenac with his father and brother James. In 1780 he thwarted an expedition led by Sir John Johnson q.'V. and Joseph Brant q.'V. into the Mohawk Valley. As governor, he took a great interest in education and initiated the movement for the organization of a common school system in his address to the legislature in 1795. His Masonic membership is hazy, but he appears to have been a member of Warren Lodge No. 17, N.Y.C., serving as master in 1800 and representing the lodge at the Grand Steward's Lodge on May 28, 1800. The following year he is referred to as a past master and also an honorary member of Courtland Lodge No. 34. There is also record of a George Cliriton, Jr., who in 1799 was secretary o£ Howard Lodge No. 35, N.Y.C. and senior warden in 1800. From 1806 to 1819 there was a rash of five lodges named "Clinton"· chartered in New York and they were undoubtedly named for George rather than his nephew DeWitt, for the latter had not reached his peak of fame by that time. The

numbers of these lodges were 143 (present in the 1818 proceedings); 151 at Plattsburg (warranted in 1806); 183 (in Clinton) warranted in 1809; 202 (Watervliet) warranted in 1812; and a 278 represented in the proceedings of 1819. d. April 20, 1812 in Washington, D.C. Arthur R. Clippinger Bishop, United Brethren Church. b. Sept. 3, 1878 in Franklin Co., P'a. Ordained U.B. minister in 1905, serving pastorates in New Cumberland, Pa. and Dayton, Ohio unti11918 when elected bishop in May, 1821. He has been senior bishop of the Evangelical United Brethren Church since Nov. 1946. Raised June 7, 1920 in Miami Valley Lodge No. 660, exalted to Royal Arch in Unity Ch'apter No. 16, R.A.M., Feb. 24, 1921 and knighted in Reed Commandery No.6, K.T. April 5, 1921. 32° AASR in Valley of Dayton and 33° at Philadelphia, Pa. on Sept. 27, 1950. Roy Clippinger U.S. Congressman, 79th and 80th Congresses (1945-49) from 24th Illinois Dist. b. Jan. 13, 1886 at Fairfield, TIL With the NOTris City Record (Ill.) from 1896-1909 and publisher of the Carmi Democrat Tribune since 1909. Past president o£ Illinois Press Association. Mason, 32 0 AASR (NJ) and Shriner. Henry R. Cloud (1886-1950) Superintendent of Haskell Institute. b. Dec. 28, 1886 in Thurston· Co., Nebr. of Indian parents and married Elizabeth Bender, Chippewa. Received A.B. and A.M. from Yale; B.D. from Auburn Theol. Seminary and D.D. from Emporia (Kansas) College. He was an ordained Presbyterian minister, teacher, edited The Indian Ou.tlook and president of the American Indian Institute ·from 1915. He was chairman of the official delegation of Winnebagoes to the President in 191213, and member of the Committee of 100 appointed by secretary of Interior


J. W. Clous in 1925. Appointed superintendent of Haskell Institute in Aug., 1933 by ex-

ecutive order of President Roosevelt. Received Indian achievement award in 1935. Mason. d. Feb. 9, 1950. J. W. Clous Brigadier General, U.S. Army. Member of Normal Lodge No. 523, New York City.

Leo Cluesmann Secretary, American Federation of Musicians. b. Dec. 17, 1885 at Newark, N.J. Graduate of National Conservatory of Music in 1904, and L.B. from New Jersey Law School. Admitted to bar in 1927. Was assistant to president of American Federation of Musicians from 193942 and secretary since 1942. 'Editor and publisher of International Musician since 1942. Mason and Shriner. William G. Clyde (1868-1931) President of Carnegie Steel Co. b. July 29, 1868 at Chester, Pa. Began as a civil engineer. Was vice president and general manager from 191825 and president from 1925. Also president of Clairton Steel Co., Carnegie Land Co., Clairton By-Products Coke, Co., Carnegie Land Co., Girard Land Co., Conneaut Land Co., Sharon Land Co., Sharon Coke Co., and Bessemer Electric Power Co. d. March 0 23, 1931. Mason, received 33 AASR from Northern Supreme Council on Sept. 19, 1929. Andrew J. Cobb (1857-1925) Presiding Justice, Supreme Court of Georgia. b. April 12, 1857 at Athens, Ga. Practiced law in Athens, professor of law and dean of Atlanta Law School. Associate justice of supreme court of Georgia from 1896-1907, serving as presiding justice from 1905-07. Judge of superior court for Western Georgia from 1917-21. Mason. d. March 27, 1925. Cully A. Cobb Editor of Progressive Farmer and Southern Ruralist since 1930. b. Feb. 25, 1884 at Prospect, Tenn. Teacher, high school su-

perintendent, state agricultural agent and in charge of boy's agricultural club work from 1910-19. Member of Battle Hill Lodge No. 523, and 32째 AASR (SJ) at Atlanta, Ga.

Ernest Cobb Author of children's books. b. Dec. 3, 1877' at Newton Upper Falls, Mass. Studied at Harvard, Sorbonne. In early life was a news.. paper reporter, high school principal, music teacher and school superintend.. ent. Among his many works are Garden Steps; The Hen at Work; Around the World With Father Time; Metcalf Readers; Busy Builders' Books; Europe Today and Yesterday; Arlo; Anita; Allspice; Dan's Boy; Pennie; Andre; Picore and Robin. Mason. Howell Cobb (1815-1868) Secre.. tary of Treasury, Governor of Georgia and Confederate General. b. Sept. 7, 1815 in Cherry Hill, Ga. Entered con.. gress as a Democrat in 1843 and served by reelections unti11851, serving as speaker in 1849,. Elected governor of Georgia in 1851 by the Union party. Returned to congress in 1855 and supported Buchanan. On his election, Buchanan named Cobb as secretary of the Treasury in 1857. He re.. signed in 1860 to return to Georgia where he urged secession. He presided over the sessions of the provisional congress which adopted the con.. stitution of the Confederacy. He was made a brigadier general and later a major general, but took very little part in military movements. He was a member of Mt. Vernon Lodge No,. 22, Athens, Ga., serving as master in 1843. He acted as grand junior warden of the Grand Lodge of Georgia on Nov. 13, 1843. He became an active member of the Southern Supreme Council AASR on March 31, 1860. d. Oct. 9, 1868. JohnB. Cobb (1857-1923) Capitalist. b. Oct. 5, 1857 in Caswell Co., N. Car.. He borrowed $500 at age of


Charles D. Coburn 19 and entered leaf tobacco business, becoming associated with American Tobacco Co. in 1890 as leaf buyer and serving as vice president of 'Same from 1896-1908. Also director and officer of affiliated companies, retiring in 1908. Mason. d. April 9, 1923.

Rufus W. Cobb Former Governor of Alabama and grand master of the Grand Lodge of Alabama in 1882.

Sylvanus Cobb, Jr. (1823-1887) Author of fiction. b. in Waterville, Maine, the son of Rev. Sylvanus Cobb, noted Universalist, who was leader in anti-slavery and temperance movements. His most noted work is The Caliph of Bagd.ad. Others include The King's Talisman; The Patriot Cruiser; Ben Hamed, etc. He was a member of Oxford Lodge No. 18, Norway, Maine, serving as master for five years (185861 and 1866). He served as high priest of Norfolk Chapter, R.A.M., master of Hyde Park Council R. & S.M. and commander of Cyprus Commandery, K.T. all of Hyde Park, N.Y. Also member of Scottish Rite. d. July 20, 1887. Tyrus R. "Ty" Cobb Member of Baseball Hall of Fame. b. Dec. 18, 1886 in Narrows, Banks Co., Ga. Played with the Detroit American League team from 1905 until 1926 and with Philadelphia from 1927-28. He led the American League in batting 12 times and created or equalled more major league records than any other ball player. He retired with 419 major league hits. His all-time high batting average for lifetime is .369. He was one of the first four elected to BasebalI's Hall of Fame. He is a member of Royston Lodge No. 426 (now No. 52), joining in 1907 at the age of 21. He received his 32掳 AASR (NJ) in Detroit on Jan.. 25, 1912. He was elected honorary life member of City of Straights Lodge No. 452, Detroit, on May 7, 1921. Joined Moslem Shrine Temple, Detroit, in 1912. A Shrine

class was named for him in Newark, N.J. in Dec. 1955. His father, Wm. H. Cobb, was master of Royston Lodge No. 426 from 1899 to 1903 and organized a fine fel10wcraft team that traveled over Georgia. Charles D. Coburn Stage and screen actor. b. June 19, 1877 in Savannah, Ga. Became manager of Savannah Theatre at 18 and took up the stage as a profession at 22. He served in stock companies through the South and Middle West and became a leading man. He starred as John Storm in The Christian. In 1906 he organiz.ed the Coburn Players and he and Mrs. Coburn played the principal parts in Electra of Euripedes, Iphigenia in Tans, The Canterbury Pilgrims, Jeanne a: Arc, The Rivals and 16 Shakespearean plays from 1906-17. He then moved to the legitimate stage in New York and for 20 years was one of the most famous actors of that period. He made the monocle famous. He was closely associated with the greatest writers and producers of the time, and for a while was under the management of George M. Cohan q.v. In 1935 with Mrs. Coburn and Dixon Ryan Fox, he founded the Mohawk Drama Festival Institute of Theatre at Union College. He made his first appearance in moving pictures in 1937, appearing in Of Human Hearts and 41 other pictures including ldio't's Delight, The Story of Alexander Graham Bell, Stanley and. Livingstone, Kings Row, George Washington Slep,t Here, The Constant Nymph, Prin路ce-ss O'Rou.rke', Heaven Can Wait, Knickerbocker Holiday, Rhapsody in Blue, The 1mpatient Years) Shady Lady, The Ore'en Years. He was raised in Prince of Orange Lodge No. 16, New York City on Feb. 6, 1913. He was exalted in Constitution Chapter No. 230, R.A.M. and knighted in Palestine Commandery No. 18, K.T. in 1913 and created a noble in the Mecca Shrine Temple





in Jan. 1914. He is a life member of

lodge, chapter, commandery and Shrine. On May 19, 1957 he received the gold medal for distinguished service from the General Grand Chapter, Royal Arch Masons.

Frank S. Cocheu (1871-1940) Ma.. jor General, U.S. Army. b. Nov. 22, 1871. Graduate of West Point in 1894, advancing through grades to major general in 1934. He participated in the Santiago Campaign in 1898, the Philippine Insurrection, 1899-1902, in France 1918-19. Member of General Staff 1907-11, 1914-17 and 1921-25. Retired in 1935. Mason, Knight Templar and member of National Sojourners. d 路 July11, 1940.

letics as catcher from 1925 to 1933 and for the Detroit American League team from 1934-37. He was later man.. ager at Detroit and at present is a Yankee scout, doubling as a coach. A fiery catcher, he compiled a nota.. ble record both as a player and man.. ager. He was the spark of the Ath~ letic's championship teams of 192930-31 and had an average batting mark of .346 for those three years. He led Detroit to two league championships and a world 'series title in 1935. He was raised in Fellowship Lodge of Bridgewater, Mass. about 1925 and member of AI Bedoo Shrine Temple of Billings, Mont. in 1952. Sir George Cockburn (1772-1853)d British Naval Admiral who burne the White House in 1814. b. April 22, 1772 in London. He entered the navy when 9. He became a rear admiral in 1812 and took路路 a conspicious part in the war with the United States. In 1813 he posted his squadron in Lynn Haven Bay and sent off marauding expeditions in all directions. He burned towns, carried off property and slaves and took the fortified works at Hampton on June 26. In August, 1814 he accompanied the expedition against the city of Washing.. ton, and in conjunction with General Ross, defeated a small force of Ameri.. cans at Bladensburg, Md., four miles from the capitol on Aug. 24. They then entered Washington accompanied by a guard of 200 men. and burned the public buildings. They were unsuccessful in their attempt to capture Baltimore the next month. In 1815 he received the Order of the Bath and in the autumn of that year carried Napoleon q.v. to St. Helena. He served repeatedly. as a member of parliament and lord of the admiral.. ty, being made admiral of the fleet in 1851. In 1852 he inherited a baronetcy from his brother. He was made a member of Royal Somerset House and Inverness Lodge No.4,

Robert L. Cochran Governor of Nebraska, 1934-41. b. Jan. 28, 1886 at Avoca, Nebr. Graduate of Univ. of Nebraska in 1910. Employed as a country surveyor, railroad surveyor, state bridge inspector, district engineer, and state engineer from 192334. He served three terms as governor,. starting in 1934. He was with the UNRRA in the Mediterranean Theater from 1944-45 and chief of civil works branch, .Bureau of Budget, since 1945. He served in WW1 as an army officer. Member of Gothenberg Lodge No. 249, Gothenberg, Nebr. 32掳 AASR (SJ) at Lincoln, Tangier Shrine Temple, Omaha and member of Royal Arch chapter and commandery, K.T. Thomas C. Cochran Congressman, 70th to 73rd Congresses (1927-35) from 20th Pa..dist. b. NOiV. 30, 1877 in Mercer Co., Pa. Studied law and admitted to bar in. 1903. Congressiona1 delegate to Interparliamentary Union at Paris, 1927, Berlin, 1928, GenM eva, 1929 and London, 1930. ason. Gordon S. "Mickey" Cochrane Member of Baseball Hall of Fame. b. April 6t 1903 at Bridgewater, Mass. He played for the Philadelphia Ath230

William F. Cody Sir James Cockle (1819-1895) English lawyer and mathematician. First chief justice of Queensland, Australia from 1863-79.. He made important contributions to theory of differential equations. Member of Lodge of Nine Muses No. 325, London, England.

London on Nov_ 25, 1811, and in 1812 was admitted to the Lodge of Antiquity No.2, London. d. Aug. 19, 1853.

John Cocke (1772-1854) Major General in War of 1812. b. in Brunswick, Va. and migrated early with his father to Tennessee. He was admitted to the bar and was a member of the first legislature in 1796 and speaker of the house for many years. Afterwards he was a state senator. Was made major general of the East Tennessee Volunteers in Sept., 1813 and commanded them in the Creek War. He served under Jackson at New Orleans in 1814. Was U.S. congressman from 1819-27. Member of Rising Star Lodge No. 44, Rutledge, Tenn.

David F. Cocks Vice President and Treasurer of Standard Oil Co. of Kentucky since 1948. b. Sept. 17, 1897 in New York City.. Started as office boy with Standard Oil in 1917. Raised in Louisville Lodge No. 400, Louisville, Ky. about 1920. Knighted in DeMolay Commandery No. 12, K.T., 32掳 AASR and past potentate of Kosair Shrine Temple, all of Louisville.

John H. Cocke (1780-1866) Brigadier General in War of 1812. b. Sept. 19, 1780 in Surry Co., Va. Graduate of William and Mary in 1798 and was general commanding the Virginia troops at Camp Carter and Camp Holly in 1812-13 and in the defense of the city of Richmond. He was vicepresident of the American Temperance Society and a member of the board of visitors of the University of Virginia. An extract from his diary gives an account of the Masonic cornerstone laying of the University of Virginia at Charlottesville in 1817 which was attended by presidents Monroe, Jefferson and Madison. He received his E.A. degree in J efferson Lodge No. 65 at Surry Court Court House, Va. according to the proceedings of the grand lodge in 1804. Later he seems to have become a member of Philanthropic Lodge No. 127 for he was suspended from it on May 18, 1827 for "gross unmasonic conduct."

George P. Codd (1869-1927) U.S. Congressman, 67th Congress (192123) from 1st Michigan dist. and circuit judge from 1924-27. b. 路Dec. 7, 1869. Lawyer in practice in Detroit from 1892. Mason. d. Feb. 16, 1927.

William F. Cody (1846-1917) Better known as "Buffalo Bill," the famous pony express rider, Indian fighter, scout, plainsman and showman. b. Feb. 26, 1846 in Scott Co., Iowa. His father was killed in the Kansas border war. He was a pony express rider from 1860-61 with the famous "Russell, Majors & Waddell" q.v. From 1861-65 he was a government scout and guide with the 7th Kansas Cavalry. He contracted to furnish the Kansas Pacific Railroad with all the buffalo meat required to feed the laborers engaged in road construction and in 18 months (1867-68) killed 4,280 buffalo, earning the name "Buffalo Bill" by which he is best known. From 1868-72 he was again a government scout and John A. Cockerill Author, journal- guide, operating against the Sioux ist, and editor of New Yorr1c World. and Cheyenne. He killed Yellow Member of Republic Lodge No. 690 Hand, the Cheyenne chief, in a handand served as trustee of same for" to-hand fight~ He served as a general in the Nebraska national guard durthree years.


Charles F. Coe ing the Sioux outbreak in 1890-91. In 1872 he was a member of the Nebraska legislature. He was in the Battle of Wounded Knee. From 1883 on he headed the famous "Wild West Show" that toured America and Europe. He was president of the Shoshone Irrigation Co. and co-author of The Great Salt Lake Trail. He was raised in Platte Valley Lodge No.. 32, North Platte, Nebr. on Jan. 10, 1871. Member of Euphrates Chapter No. 15 at North Platte, and when he received his mark master degree, appropriately selected a buffalo's head as his mark. He was knighted in Palestine Commandery, No. 13, K.T. of North Platte, 32째 AASR (8J). d. Jan. 10, 1917 and was buried with Masonic honors on Lookout Mountain near Golden, Colo. Charles F. Coe Author and lawyer. Outstanding penologist and criminologist and writer of special articles on crime. b. Nov. 25, 1890 at Buffalo, N.Y. Practicing attorney in Palm Beach, Fla. Author of Me ... GangsteT, The River Pirate, Swag, Hooch, Triumph, Votes, In This Corner (with Jack Dempsey) q.v., Pay ,Off, The OtheT' Half, Show Down, Vigilanti, Ransom, G-Man, Lifer, Knocko1Lt, Law' and the Profits and many others. Mason. John A. Coe (1868-1948) President of Anaconda American Brass Co. With American Brass Co. from 1903. Mason. d. Aug. 4, 1948.

and instrumental music. Ph.D. from Harvard in music. Taught music in Olivet College, Univ. of Wisconsin, Buffalo, N.Y., Harvard. Served as organist and choirmaster in many churches. Mason. d. 1922.

John M. Coffee Congressman 75th to 79th Congresses (1937-47) from 6th Washington dist. b. Jan. 23, 1897 at Tacoma, Wash. Graduate of Univ. of Washington and Yale. Lawyer, practicing at Tacoma from 1922. Raised in Tacoma Lodge No. 22, Tacoma, Washington in Nov., 1936. Leslie Coffelt Secret Service man who was killed on Nov. 1, 1950 by a Puerto Rican who was attempting to force his way into the Blair House and kill President Truman q.v. Truman was at this time living at the Blair House while the White House was being remodeled. Coffelt was a member of Potomac Lodge No.5, Washington, D.C., being raised on Sept. 28, 1945. The lodge gave Masonic burial in Arlington Cemetery with President and Mrs. Truman present. Seven Freemasons of the White House Police were active pallbearers and six other Masonic White House guards were honorary pallbearers. Walter C. Coffey President of University of Minnesota. b. Feb. 1, 1876 at Hartsville, Ind. Taught animal husbandry and related subjects in public schools of Indiana and later Univ. of Minn. President of the uni.. versity 'from 1941-45 and emeritus since 1945. Mason.

John A. Coe, Jr. President of American Brass Co. b. Nov.. 14, 1897 at Shelton, Conn. Joined American Brass in 1920 and president since 1950; director since 1941. Also president and director of Anaconda American Brass. Served in army' in WW1. Mason.

Thomas C. Coffin (1887-1934) Congressman, 73rd Congress (1933.. 35) from Idaho. Lawyer practicing at Pocatello, Idaho. Assistant attorney general of Idaho from 1913-15. Mason. d. June 8, 1934.

Louis A. Coerne (1870-1922) Composer. b. Feb. 27, 1870 at Newark, N.J. Composer of 182 works of vocal

William C. Coffin (1862-1944) Architect who designed and built some of the largest blast furnaces, steel


JamesL. Coke

plants and oil refineries in the United States and Canada, Ireland, Scotland and England. b. Sept. 7, 1862 at Pittsburgh, Pat Mason and 32° AASR. d. Dec. 4, 1944. John D. Coffman Chief Forester, Department of Interior, 1933-52. b. May 10, 1882 at Allentown, Pat Graduate of Yale. With Forestry Service from 1909 as forester at Inyo National Forest, Shasta National Forest, Trinity National Forest. Awarded Department of Interior Distinguished Service medal in 1952. Raised in Easton Lodge No. 152, Easton, Pa. on Feb. 5, 1904 and received his 50-year pin Jan. 7, 1954. Was senior deacon of the lodge in 1903 when he left for Cornell Univ. Charter member (1907) of Cornell chapter of Acacia fraternity. Dimitted from chapter and commandery at Easton, Pa. and also Islam Shrine Temple of San Francisco, Calif. Chandler C. Cohagen


b. April 24, 1889 near Pierson, Iowa. Graduate of Univ. of Michigan. President of McIver, Cohagen & Marshall, architects of Billings and Great Falls, Mont. 1915-20 and of McIver & Cohagen, 1920-36. Independent practice since 1936. Member of executive board, grand council, Order of DeMolay since 1929. Grand master of Order of DeMolay, 1938.. 33° and inspector general of AASR (SJ) since 1937. Raised in Billings Lodge No. 113, Billings, Mont., July 9, 1917 and past master of same. Grand master Grand Lodge of Montana in 1951. Member of Billings Chapter No.6, R.A.M., Adoniram Council No.8, R. & S.M. and Aldemar Commandery all of Billings. Grand treasurer of DeMolay since 1955. Founder of Rocky Mountain Masonic Conference in 1952.

George M. Cohan (1878-1942) Actor, playwright, comedian, composer

and producer. Both a Roman Catholic and a Freemason. b. July 4, 1878 at Providence, R.I. He made his first professional appearance at 9 years in DanieL Boone at Haverstraw, N.Y. Later in vaudeville, he appeared in Peck's Bad Boy, The Four Cohans', Little Johnny Jones and GeoTgl~ Washington, Jr. He authored the fol.. lowing plays: The Wise Guy, The Governcrr's . Son, Running for Office, Fifty Miles From Bo,ston, The Man Who Owns Broadway, The Yankee Prince, The Little Millionaire, Seven Keys to Baldpate, Hit-the-Trail Holiday, The Song and Dance' Man, American Born, The Merry Malones and many others. He also wrote· many popular songs and starred in I'd Rather Be Right in 1937-38. He was a life member of Pacific Lodge No. 233, New York City, being raised on Nov. 16, 1905. He received his. 32° AASR (NJ) on Feb. 3, 1906 and was a life member. He was also a life member of Mecca Shrine Temple, New York City. At his death on Nov. 5, 1942, he was buried with Catholic services. William W. Cohen (1874-1940) Congressman, 70th Congress (192729). b.. Sept.. 6, 1874 at Brooklyn, N.Y. Brokerage business in New York City from 1902. Mason. d. Oct. 12, 1940. Arthur C. Coit (1869-1929) Lyceum manager. b. April 8, 1869 at Shalersville, Ohio. Began in lyceum and chautauqua business in 1895 and was president of eoit Lyceum 'Bureau, eoit-Alber Chautauquas, CoitAlber Independent Chautauqua Co., Dominion Chautauqua (Toronto). Served as YMCA secretary overseas in ·1918. Retired in 1924.. Mason. d. Aug. 3, 1929.. James L. Coke Chief Justice, SupremeCourt of Hawaii. b. Aug. 31, 1875 in Marshfield, Oreg. Lawyer.


Richard Coke Territorial senator of Hawaii in 1912. President Wilson appointed him circuit judge in 1916 and associate justice of supreme court of Hawaii in 1917 and chief justice following year for four year term. -He retired in 1922 to private practice and was appointed by Pres. Roosevelt as chief justice in 1934 and reappointed in 1939. Mason 32째 AASR (SJ), Shriner and Jester. Richard Coke (1829-?) U.S. Senator and Governor of Texas. b. March 13, 1829 at Williamsburg, Va. Removed toWaco, Texas and practiced law. Served in the Confederate army first as a private and later as captain. In 1866 he was elected judge' of the supreme court and was removed a year later by General Sheridan on the grounds that he was an impediment to reconstruction. In 1873 he was elected governor and in 1876 was reelected. He resigned as governor on March 4, 1877 to take his seat in the U.S. senate, being reelected to that body in 1883. Member of Waco Lodge No. 92, Waco, Texas. Bainbridge Colby (1869-1950) Secretary of State under President Wilson. b. Dec. 22, 1869 at St. Louis, Mo. A lawyer, he practiced in New York

grees from Univ. of Wisconsin. Served as Nebraska district judge, assistant attorney general of U.S., and state Nebraska senator for two terms. With Nebraska troops in Sioux Indian cam.. paign of 1890, commanding a brigade. Rose from lieutenant to brigadier general in Nebraska national guard. Was brigadier general of U.S. Vol.. unteers in 1898-99 during Spanish American War and adjutant general of Nebraska 1901..03. In 1897 he organized the Cuban-American Volunteer Legion. Mason. d. Nov. 15, 1925. Charles F. Colcord (1859..1934) Capitalist. b. Aug. 18, 1859 at Baur.. bon Co., Ky. and was self educated. He was a range rider in Texas when 12, and making the run into Oklahoma in 1889, he staked lots in present Oklahoma City. He was organizer and first president of the Commercial Natl. Bank in that city. He entered the oil business in 1903, drilling first wells at Red Fork and discovered the Glen Pool, the great oil field of Oklahoma in 1906. In 1917 he discovered and developed the South Bend, Texas oil field. He was first sheriff of Oklahoma County in 1889, deputy U.S. marshal in 1893 and first chief of police of Oklahoma City in 1889. Ma-

from 1892. He represented Samuel L. Clemens q.v. in settlement of his son. d. in Dec., 1934. bankrupt publishing house. He was Lincoln Colcord (1883-1947) Auactive in pushing Theodore Roosevelt thor. b. Aug. 14, 1883 at sea off Cape for the presidency and was one of Horn. Spent his boyhood days to age the founders of the Progressive Na- of 14 with his father at sea, mostly tional Party in 1912. Appointed com- on voyages to China. He began writmissioner of U.S. Shipping Board in ing short stories in 1909, and was 1917. He was named secretary of editor of American Neptune from state by Wilson in 1920, serving .a 1941. Among his writings are The year. He then became the law part- Drifting Diamond, The Game of Life ner of Wilson from 1921-23. He was and Death, Vision of War, Instrument raised in Kane Lodge No. 454, New of the Gods and others. Mason. d.. York City on Nov. 18, 1902. In May, Nov. 16, 1947. R. K. Colcord Former Governor 1931 he addressed the Grand Lodge of New York. of Nevada. Member of Silver Star Leonard W. Colby (1846-1925) Lodge No.5 at Goldhill, Nev. and of Soldier and lawyer. b. Aug. 5, 1846 at Carson Lodge No.1, Carson City, Ashtabula Co., Ohio. Earned four de- Nevada. 234

Thomas Cole Cadwallader D. Colden ( 1 7691834) Soldier, politician who succeeded DeWitt Clinton q.v. as mayor of New York. b. April 4, 1769 in Springhill, N.Y. Practicing lawyer in New York City most of his life. Served in a volunteer regiment in 1812 and one term in congress. In 1824-27 he was a state senator. He is variously listed as ca member ofClinton Lodge No. 453, Brooklyn (dimitted Dec. 9, 1817) and Albion Lodge No. 31, New York City. He was senior grand warden of the Grand Lodge of New York for five years. In the anti-Masonic period he denounced Freemasonry for political gain, but failed to be elected governor of New York. d. Feb. 7, 1834. Charles S. Colden Justice, Supreme Court of New York. b. June 3, 1885 at Whitestone, N.Y. Worked as a teacher, newspaper reporter, lawyer and banker. Justice of supreme court since 1943. Charter member of Whitestone Lodge No. 973, New York City and in 1955 was named grand representative for the Netherlands near New York. Benjamin Cole English engraver, who in 1728 and again in 1731 published the old constitutions engraved on 30 copper plates under the title of A Book of The Ancient Constitutions of the Free and Accepted Masons. He printed a third edition in 1751 changing the title, and subsequent editions were published up to 1794.

Frank L. Cole Brigadier General U.S. Medical Corps. b. June 11, 1890 at Paris, Idaho. M.D. degree from Univ. of illinois in 1914. Entered army in 1917 and advanced through grades to brigadier general in 1948. Served in Honolulu, Letterman, Walter Reed and Hot Springs general hospitals. Commanding general of Letterman General Hospital since 1948. Raised in Eagle Rock Lodge No. 19, Idaho Falls, Idaho in spring of 1920. George M. Cole Major General, U.S. Army. Mason and member of Hartford Chapter No. 56 of National Sojourners. George W. Cole (1858-1923) Justice, Supreme Court of New York, 1916-23. b. Dec. 31, 1858 at Humphrey, N.Y. Mason. d. Mar. 30, 1923. Russell D. Cole President of Cornell College since 1943. b. March 4, 1900 at Northwood, Iowa. Vice president and secretary of the college from 1939-43. Raised in Crescent Lodge No. 25, Cedar Rapids, Iowa and present membership in Mt. Vernon Lodge No. 112, Mt. Vernon, Iowa. 32° AASR at Cedar Rapids and member of Za-Ga-Zig Shrine Temple, Des Moines. Thomas Cole (1801-1848) American painter who was one of the first landscape artists of this country. b. Feb. 1, 1801 at Bolton-Ie-Moor, England, he came to the U.S. with his father in 1819, settling in Ohio, where Cole took lessons from a mediocre portrait-painter named Stein. In 1825 he settled in New York and did much paintingo£ Hudson River .scenes. Later he made professional visits to England and Europe. His most popular paintings were Course of Empire and Voyage of Life. Others were The Tomb of General Brock; A View of the United States; Garden of Eden; Expulsion From Paradise; Catskill Creek; Conway Peak; Mount Etna.

Ernest E. Cole (1871-1949) President of University of State of New York, 1940-42 and lawyer. b. Nov. 18, 1871 at Savona, N.Y. Admitted to bar in 1895. Was principal of public schools in several New· York cities and in private law practice in Bath, N.Y. from 1916. Served in both state legislative branches. Mason, 32° AASR (NJ). d. Nov. 19, 1949. 235

William C. Cole He was raised in Amity Lodge No.5, Zanesville, Ohio in 1822. d. Feb. 11, 1848. William C. Cole Congressman from Missouri to 78th to 80th and 83rd Congresses from third and sixth districts. b. Aug. 29, 1897 at Filmore, Mo. Admitted to bar in 1928 and practiced at St. Joseph, Mo. since. Served as mounted scout in Mexican Border and on U.S.S. Machias 14 months in WWl. Member of Charity Lodge No.. 331, St. Joseph, Mo.; 32 0 AASR and Molia Temple at St. J 0seph. Honorary Legion of Honor, DeMalay. W. Sterling Cole Congressman from New York (39th dist.) to 74th to 84th Congresses (1935-55). b. April 18, 1904 at Painted Post, N.Y. Graduate of Colgate and Albany Law School. Taught school and began law practice at Bath, N.Y. in 1936. Trustee of Colgate Univ. since 1945. Member of Steuben Lodge No. 112, Almas Shrine Temple, Washington, D.C., DeMolay Commandery No. 22, K.T. in Hornell, N.Y. Holmes Colebert, Sr. Chickasaw Indian chief who received the 32 0 AASR from Albert Pike in the spring of 1860. Benjamin W. Coleman (1869-1939) Chief Justice of Supreme Court of Nevada. b. July 1, 1869 at Ballsville, Va. Graduate of Richmond College and began practice of law in Denver, Colo. in 1893 and at Cripple Creek in 1897. Moved to Nevada in 1906 and practiced in Ely. Member of the supreme court from 1915 until death and chief justice from 1919-20, 192526, 1931-33, 1937-88. Mason.

Frederick W. Coleman (1878-1945) Major General, U.S. Army. b. July 16, 1878 at Baltimore, Md. Appointed Infantry lieutenant in 1898 and advanced through grades to major genera! and chief of finance, U.S. Army

from 1932-36. Retired Sept. 30~ 1936. Served in Spanish-American War Philippine Insurrection, Mexican bor~ der and with 9Ist Division in WWl. Mason. d. Jan. 5, 1945. John S. Coleman President of Burroughs Adding Machine Co. since 1946. b. Oct. 12, 1897 at Charlestown, W. Va. Graduate of Georgetown Univ. in 1924. Started as salesman with Burroughs in 1920. Director of Stand.. ard Accident Ins. Co., Fruehauf Trailer Co. Served overseas in 1917-18. Mason.

J. Winston" Coleman, Jr. Author and tobacco planter. b. Nov. 5, 1898 at Lexington, Ky. Holds degrees from Univ. of Kentucky, Lincoln Memorial Univ. Engaged as an engineer from 1920-23 and president of Coleman & Davis Inc., general contractors from 1924-36. Owner and operator of Winburn Farm, specializing in tobacco and hemp at Lexington, Ky. since 1936. Author of Masonry in the Bluegrass, Stage-Coach Days in the Bluegrass, The Court Houses路 of Lexington, Lexington During the Civil War Slavery Times in Kentucky, A Bibliography of Kentucky History, 150 Years of Freemaso1try in Lexington and Historical Sketch of Lexington Lodge No.1. Raised in Lexington Lodge No. 1, Lexington, Ky. in 1920. Member of Lexington Chapter No.1, R.A.M.; Washington Council No. -1, R. & S.M. and Webb Commandery No.1, K.T. all of Lexington and 32 AASR at Covington, Kentucky. Member of Oleika Shrine Temple, American Lodge of Research, The Philalethes Society, Quatuor Coronati Lodge No. 2076 (England) and Societas Rosi.. cruciana, Virginia College, VII *. 0

Leighton Coleman (1837-?) Protestant Episcopal Bishop of Delaware. b. May 3, 1837 in Philadelphia, Pa. and graduated from the General Theological Seminary, N.Y. in 1861. After


Raymond S. Coli holding pastorates in Philadelphia, Wilmington, Del. and Mauch Chunk, Pa., he became rector of Trinity chmch, Toledo, Ohio in 1874. In 1875 he was elected bishop of Fond du Lac, Wis., hut declined. He resided abroad for several years, and on June 6, 1888 was chosen bishop of Delaware. He served as grand chaplain of the Grand'Lodge of Pennsylvania and was a Knight Templar.

Sydney H. Coleman President of American Humane Association from 1927-46 and editor of the Humane Review since 1934. b. Aug. 31, 1886 at Bellona, N.Y. Began in social service work as general manager of the Erie County Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in 1910. Mason. William T. Coleman (1824-?) California pioneer and vigilantes leader. b. Feb. 29, 1824 in Cythiana, Ky., he migrated to San Francisco in 1849 and became a wealthy shipping and commission merchant. He became nationally famous as a vigilante leader when he organized the citizens of San Francisco in 1851 and again in 1856 to restore law and order from gangs of hoodlums. His business took him to New York in 1856 and in 1863 when the disastrous "draft riots" swept New York City, Governor Horatio Seymour called upon Coleman to organize the law-abiding elements, which he did with great success and became known as "The Lion of the Vigilantes." On his return to California in 1877 and when hoodlums were committing depredations in the Chinese quarter, he again orgaillzed the citizens into an anny wielding hickory clubs. He was made a Mason is Holland Lodge No.8, New York City in 1863 and was past commander of California Commandery No.1, San Francisco.

Schuyler Colfax (1823..1835) Vice President of the United States, 186973. b. March 23, 1823 in New York City. Settled with family in Indiana in 1836. Became owner and editor of St. Joseph Valley Register of South Bend. He was a member of congress from Indiana from 1855-69 and was speaker of the house from 1863-69. He declined the offer to be secretary of state from Grant in 1871 and was prominently mentioned. as a presidential candidate in 1872. He declined the editorship of the New Yorrk Tribune in 1872. In 1873 he was implicated in charges of corruption brought against members of congress who had received shares of stock in the credit mobilier of America, and although they were never proved, it ruined him politically. He was initiated in Lebanon Lodge No.7, Washington, D.C. on Aug. 15, 1856, and the other two degrees given him by St. Joseph Lodge No. 45, South Bend, Ind. He was dropped from the roll of Lebanon Lodge on .Dec. 16, 1864. d. Jan. 13, 1885. Frederic R. Colie路 Justice, Supreme Court of New Jersey. b. May 4, 1895 at East Orange, N.J. Practiced law in New Jersey from 1922. Appointed to supreme court in 1941 and again in 1948. Mason. Vincente Mejia Colindres President of Honduras from 1929-33. A Freemason.

Raymond S. CoIl Editor of Honolulu Advertiser since 1922. b. Jan. 22, 1875 at Pittsburgh, Pa. Began in newspaper work in. 1893. Was managing editor of Bisbee (Ariz.) Review; editor of Douglas (Ariz.) Disp'atch and managing editor of Pittsburgh Dispatch from 1916-21. Member of Lodge Ie Progres de l'Oceania No. 371; HonoHenry, 3rd Lord of Coleraine lulu Chapter No.1, R.A.M.; Honolulu Grand Master of the Grand Lodge Commandery No.1, K.T.; Honolulu of England (Modems) in 1727. Chapter No. 11, National Sojourners; 237

Edgar B. Colladay Aloha Shrine Temple, all of Honolulu Hawaii.

Edgar B. Colladay Brigadier General, U.. S.. Army.. b. Jan. 8, 1885 at Madison, Wis. Graduate of Univ. of Wisconsin in 1909.. Commissioned in 1910 and advanced to brigadier general in 1940.. Mason.. Jacob Collamer (1791-1865) U.S. Senator from Vermont and Po'stmaster General under President Taylor. b. Jan. 8, 1791 at Troy, N.Y.. Graduated from Univ. of Vennont in 1810 and served in, the militia in the frontier campaign of War of 1812. Practiced law in Vermont and was elected associate justice of supreme court of Vermont from 1833-42. U.S. congressman from 2nd dist. in 1844 and 1846, declining to be a candidate in next election. Named as postmaster general in March, 1849, he resigned with the rest of the cabinet on the death of Taylor. He was again elected to supreme court of Vermont, and held the office until 1854 when he was chosen U.S. senator, an office he held until his death on Nov. 9, 1865. He was a member of Rising Sun Lodge No.7, Royalton, Vt.

John Caskie Collett (1898-1955) Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals, 8th Judicial Circuit from 1947. b. May 25, 1898 at Keytesville, Mo. Admitted to Missouri bar in 1902. He. was appointed to Missouri supreme court in 1935 and elected for 10 year term in 1936. In 1937 he was appointed judge of u.s. district court for Western Mo.. Member of Salisbury Lodge No. 208, Salisbury, Mo. and exalted to Royal Arch in Salisbury Chapter No. 133 on March 22, 1923. d. Dec. 5, 1955.. George R. Collett (1872-1942) President of the Kansas City Stock Yards Co.. from 1921. b. Jan. 6, 1872 at Hartford, Mich. Began as a railroader and after six years turned to

the cattle industry, being associated with Armour & Co., and the stockyards in Milwaukee, St. Louis and Kansas City. Was vice president of Morris & Co. of Chicago from 191821. Mason, Knight Templar, 32째 AASR and Shriner. d. July 4, 1942. Edward Trowbridge Collins (18881953) Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame. b. May 2, 1888 at Millerton, N.Y. He was known as "Cocky" and also played under the name of "Ed.. ward T. Sullivan." He played with the American league from 1906 to 1930, a very long time for a professional ball player. During this time he was either with Philadelphia or Chicago. He was the greatest 2nd baseman ever to play ball. Famed as a batsman and base runner and field captain, he was second only to Ty Cobb q.v. in base stealing. His batting average was 333 and he made 3313 hits in 2826 games. He was elected to the Hall of Fame in 1939. He was initiated in Solomons Lodge No. 466 at Tarrytown, N.. Y. at the age of 22 on Jan. 19, 1911, passed Feb. 2, 1911 and raised Feb. 16, 1911.. He demitted March 17, 1921.

John B. Collins (1850-1917) Com.. modore, U.S. Navy. b. Jan. 20, 1850 at New Orleans, La., he graduated from U.S.. Naval Academy in 1870. From a midshipman in 1866 he became captain in 1906 and commodore in 1909 when he retired. He served in the Behring Sea, Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. He commanded the Princeton, Rainbow, Brooklyn, and Indiana. d. April 12, 1917.. Mason. Ross A. Collins Congressman from Mississippi to 67th to -73rd Congresses (1921-35) and 75th to 77th Congresses (1937-43) from 5th dist. b. April 25, 1880 at Collinsville, Miss. Graduate of Kentucky, Mississippi and Transyl.. vania universities. A lawyer, he was attorney general of Mississippi in


Gilbert R. Combs 1911..15. In the u.s. congress as chairman of the military appropriation committee he fought for mechanized weapons during the early 30's, and is credited with bringing the "Flying Fortress" into .being. Mason.

first patent for revolving firearms. He established the Patent Arms Company and supplied the' government with revolvers for the Seminole War and for the Texas and Indian frontiers. Colt was a member of St. John's Lodge No.4; Pythagoras Chapter No. 17 and Washington Commandery No.1, all of Hartford, Conn. d. Jan. 10, 1862.

William M. Colmer Congressman from Mississippi to 73rd to 80th Congresses (1933-49) from 6th dist. b. Feb. 11, 1890 at Moss Point, Miss. Admitted to bar in 1917. Served in WWl. Member ·0£ Pascagoula Lodge No. 419, Pascagoula, Miss. and 32° AASR (SJ) at Gulfport, Miss.

Lord Alexander Colville (17101770) English Vice Admiral. He was the 8th Baron Colville in the peerage of Scotland; entering the navy at an early age, he commanded the North American station before the revolution. He was present at the capture of Louisburg in 1758 and served in the expedition against Quebec in 1759, and in command of the fleet at the recapture of Newfoundland in 1762, for which he was promoted to rear admiral a short time later. In 1770 he received the rank of vice admiral. Colville was the first initiate of St. Andrews Lodge No.1 at Halifax, Nova Scotia in July, 1749, receiving his degrees at the hands of General Edward Cornwallis q.V., founder and first go:vernor of Nova Scotia. The following year Colville became master of the "2nd lodge at Boston," which he represented at every meeting of the provincial grand lodge until his appointment as deputy grand master of North America in 1752. d. May 21, 1770.

Sir Ian Colquhoun (1887-1948) Chief of the clan of Colquhoun of Scotland, he was 89th Grand Master Mason o£ Scotland in 1935 and as such installed King George VI q.v., who was then duke of Yark, as grand master mason. He was a member of Dumbarton Kilwinning Lodge No. 18. He held the DSO for gallantry in action in 1916. He was an amateur boxer and lightweight champion of the British army. He held the rank of lieutenant colonel and was a fisherman and hunter of renown. He was lord high commissioner to the general assembly of the church; scout commissioner; chairman of Scotland's National Trust; Knight of the· Thistle and holder of many titles and official positions. b. June 20, 1887; d. Nov. 18, 1948. Samuel Colt (1814-1862) Inventor of the Colt firearms. b. July 19,. 1814 at Hartford, Conn. Apprenticed in his father's factory, but ran away in 1827 for an East India voyage, returning to his father's factory in the dyeing department. He again left home to seek his fortune at age of 17 and toured the continent under the name of "D'r. Coult," giving lectures on chemistry and making a considerable profit from them. The first model of his pistol was made of wood in 1829. In 1835, when but 21, he took out his

Sir Stapleton Cotton Combermere (1773-1865) English Field Marshal. Born in Wales, he served at Cape of Good Hope in 1796; against Tipu Sahib in 1799; in Ireland in 1800. He commanded the cavalry in the Peninsular War of 1803..12; fought at Salamanca in 1812; was commanderin-chief in Ireland in 1822-25; in India 1825-30 and named field marshal in 1855. He was provincial grand master of Chester from 1830 until his death. Gilbert R. Combs (1863-1934) Musician. b. Jan. 5, 1863 at Philadelphia.


Lewis B. Combs

He studied under the best American and foreign masters. He founded Combs Broad St. Conservatory of Music, and¡ was one of the founders and president of Sin£onia, national music fraternity. A founder and vice president of National Association of Schools of Music. Was composer for orchestra, piano, voice and violin. Mason. d. June 14, 1934.

nel in the 67th Ohio regiment in war, he wa's brevetted brigadier general of volunteers on Feb. 27, 1865. Member of Northern Light Lodge No. 40, Toledo. d. Sept. 5, 1867.

Lewis B. Combs Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy. b. April 7, 1895 at Manchester Centre, Vt. Commissioned in U.S. Navy in 1917 and advanced through grades to rear admiral in 1942. Deputy chief of Bureau of Yards and Docks, Washington, D.C. 193846, and director of Atlantic division of the bureau in 1946. Retired in 1947. Appointed head of department of civil engineering of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Raised in Greenbush Lodge' No. 337, Rensselaer, N.Y. about 1917. 32° AASR at Portsmouth and Dover, N.H. Member of National Sojourners. Braxton B. Comer Former Governor of Alabama. His original lodge is not known, but he affiliated with Anniston Lodge No. 443 at Anniston, Ala. on May 8, 1888 and demitted from from same in 1889. On Nov. 6, 1888 he was one of the petitioners for the establishment of Anniston Chapter No. 105, and was designated as its first high priest, but later reports show no record of him. Hugh M. Comer President and Treasurer of Avondale Mills, cotton manufacturers since 1945. b. June 9, 1892 at Birmingham, Ala. Also president and director of Comer-Avondale Mills, N.Y. City and director of several other companies. Mason. Henry S. Commager (1825-1867) Union Brigadier General in Civil war. A prominent Democratic politician in Toledo, Ohio, who in 1864 was unsuccessful candidate for congress. A colo-

Ignacio Comonfort (1812-1863) President of Mexico and soldier. b. March 12, 1812 in Pueblo, he entered the Jesuit college in his native city in 1826; became a captain of cavalry in 1832 and allied himself to the liberal party. A member of congress in 1842 and took part in the revolution of 1846. He became third alcalde of the capital and prefect of western Mexico, but left to engage in the war with the United States. After the American victory he organized guerrillas in the west for another campaign, and was a member of the Queretero congress which made peace with the U.S. and was then chosen senator by his native state, serving until 1851. He joined Alvarez in an insurrection against Santa Anna, and after a trip to New York for financial aid, forced Santa Anna to abdicate in 1855. Alvarez assumed the government, but retired on Dec. 11 and made Comonfort provisional president. He was vigorously opposed by the clergy, the army and the conservatives, and on Dec. 19 the junta of Zacapoastla declared their opposition. They massed a force against him, but he forced their surrender on March 20, 1857. On March 31 he issued a decree confiscating church property, followed by another on June 28, forbiddirig the clergy to hold landed estate. On March 11, 1857, congress promulgated a new constitution, vesting in itself all control over religious and military affairs. Comonfort was proclaiined constitutional president with extraordinary pow'ers. When the army deserted him, Comonfort appointed Benito Juarez q.v. provisional .president and fled first to the U.S. and then to France. When his friend Juarez won over the church


Omar D. Conger party in 1859, and the French invaded Mexico, Comonfort returned, was appointedcommander-in-chief of the troops and showed great skill and bravery. On his way from Mexico to San Luis Potosi, on Nov. 13, 1863, he was murdered by bandits. He was grand commander, 33째, of the Supreme Council. AASR of Mexico at Vera Cruz.

Boy. He was a member of Commonwealth Lodge No. 409, Brooklyn, N.Y. Frederick P. COlle (1871-1948) Governor of Florida, 1937-41. b. Sept. 28, 1871 at Benton, Fla. Admitted to Florida bar in 1892, he served in state senate from 1907-13 and was president of that body in 1911. Member of Lake City Lodge No. 27, Lake City, Fla. d. July 28, 1948.

F. Ray Comstock (1880-1949) Theatrical producer. b. in Buffalo, N.Y., he began as a theatrical producer in 1900. He was the producer of Very Good Eddie, Oh Boy, Oh, Lady, Lady, Oh My Dear, Nobody Home, Rose' of China, Leave It to Jane, Sitting Pretty, Let Us Be Gay, Polly Preferred, Adam and Eva, Chu Chin Chow, Mecca and The Miracle. He brought Balieff's Chauve-Souris to the U.S. as well as the Moscow Art Theatre and The Moscow Art Theatre Musical Studio, and presented Mme. Eleanora Duse for her last tour of America. Mason and Shriner. d. Oct. 15, 1949.

S. H. Cone A Seneca Indian chief who received the three degrees in Manhattan Lodge No. 370 of New York City on June 5, 1840. AbrahamB. Conger (1887-1953) U.S. District Judge of Georgia from 1949. b. Ju1y 14, 1887 near Ty Ty, Ga. Practiced law at Bainbridge, Ga. from 1912. Served in Georgia lower house and was mayor of Bainbridge. For his work in both WW1and WW2 he was cited by Presidents Wilson and Truman. Mason and Shriner. d. Dec. 9, 1953.

William A. Comstock (1877-1949) Governor of Michigan 1933-34. b. July 2, 1877 at Alpena, Mich. he graduated from Univ. of Michigan in 1899 and engaged in the construction and operation of electrical railroads until 1922. Was vice president of Gale Mfg. Co. from 1926, and had several other manufacturing and real estate interests. Served as private during 1917. Member of Alpena Lodge No. 199, Alpena, Mich. d. June 16, 1949. Samuel S. Conant (1831-1885?) Editor of Harper's Weekly from 1869 until January 1885, when he mysteriously disappeared.. b. Dec. 11, 1831 at Waterville, Maine, he studied at Madison Univ., Hamilton, N.Y. and went abroad in 1858, studying in Berlin, Heidelberg and Munich. He contributed to many periodicals and translated from the Russian, through the German, Lermontoff's Circassian

Edwin H. Conger (1843-1907) Diplomat. b. March 7, 1843 in Knox Co., TIL Served in Civil War and was breveted a major. Practiced law in Galesburg, Ill. from 1866-68, when he moved to Iowa and became a farmer, banker and stockman. Was state treasurer of Iowa from 1882-85 and member of U.S. congress from 188591. He was named minister to Brazil from 1891-93 and again in 1898. He was transferred to China in 1898 and was in Peking during the Boxer siege, where he conducted negotiations on the part of the U.S. He was head of the commission which negotiated a new commercial treaty with China in 1902. Was appointed ambassador to Mexico in 1905 but resigned the same year. Mason. Omar D. Conger (1818-?) U.S. Senator from Michigan. b. in Cooperstown, N.Y., he removed to Huron Co., Ohio with his family in 1824 and was


Roscoe· P. Conkling

graduated at Western Reserve in 1842. He was engaged in the geologi-

mandery No. 13, K.T. at South Bend in 1877, serving as commander of same in 1881. At formation of Elkhart

cal survey of the Lake Superior iron and copper region from 1845-47, and in 1848 became a lawyer in Port Huron, Mich. A state senator from 1855-61, he· served as president of that body in 1859. A member of the state constitutional convention in 1866, he was U.S. congressman from 1869-81, at which time he was elected U.S. senator. Member of Pine Grove Lodge No. 11, Port Huron, Mich.

Commandery, he was commander of it from 1884-86. Tom Connally U.S. Senator from Texas from 1929-1953. b. Aug. 19, 1877 in McLennan Co., Texas. Grad.. uate of Baylor and Univ. of Texas. Admitted to Texas bar in 1898, he served in state house of representatives £rom 1901-04 and was U.S. con.. gressman from the 11th dist. to the 65th-70th congresses ( 191 7-29). As chairman of the Senate Foreign Re.. lations Committee from 1941-51 he had great power on the international scene during ·these crucial years. He was a delegate to the lnter-Parlia.. mentary Union in meetings at Geneva, London, Constantinople and Rome from 1924-48. He was vice chairman of the United States dele.. gation to United Nations Conference on International Organization at San Francisco in 1945, and served as U.S. delegate to the 1st General Assembly of the United Nations in London in 1946. He was advisor to the Secretary of State at the following meetings: Council of Foreign Ministers, Paris, 3rd Council of . Foreign Ministers in New York. He served with the 2nd Texas Inf. Volunteers in the Spanish American War in 1898, and was captain and adjutant of the 22nd Infantry of 11th Division in WW1. He is a member of Marlin· Lodge No. 152, Marlin, Texas, being raised July 24, 1904. He received his 32° AASR (8J) on May 7, 1931 and is a 33°

Roscoe P. Conkling (1889-1954) Justice, Supreme Court of Missouri from 1947, Chief Justice, 1953. b. May 3, 1889 at Carrollton, Mo. Attended Univ. of Missouri and admitted to bar in 1912, practicing at Kansas City and later St. Joseph. Member of board of curators of Stephens College, Mo. He was a member of Zeredatha Lodge No. 189, 32° AASR (8J) and Molla Shrine Temple, all of St. Joseph, Mo. d. Oct. 28, 1954. William G. Conley (1866-1940) Governor of West Virginia, 1929-33. b. Jan. 8, 1866 at Kingwood, W. Va. Graduate of West Virginia Univ. in 1893, he first taught school and in 1893 began practice of law at Parsons. He was editor and part owner of the Parsons Advocate from 1896-1903. He was assistant secretary of the Republican national convention of 1896. Was raised in Preston Lodge No. 90, Kingwood, W. Va. on Dec. 7, 1903, affiliating with Charleston Lodge No. 153 upon removal to Charleston on Nov. 13, 1919. He was 32° and KCCH in the AASR (8J). d. Oct. 21, 1940. G. C. Conn Manu£acturer of musical instruments. Raised in Kane Lodge No. 183, Elkhart, Ind. in 1870 and master of the lodge in 1873. He was also a member of Elkhart Chapter No. 81, R.A.M. in 1873; joined Bashar Council R. & S.M. at Goshen, Ind. in 1875 and South Bend Com-

H.R.H. Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught (and Strathearn) (18501942) His full name was Arthur Wi!.. liam Patrick Albert. He was the third son and 7th child of Queen Victoria. He married Princess Louise Marguerite of Prussia. He joined the Royal Engineers in 1868 and held a command in India from 1886-90. Was


Donald H. Connolly

of Nebraska Territory, Quantrill and the Border Wars, Eastern Kentucky Papers, History of Kansas (5 volumes), History of Kentucky (5 volumes). He prepared the only vocabulary ever written of Wyandot Indian language, and made extensive investigations in language and history of Delawares, Shawnees and other tribes. d. July 15, 1930. Mason.

made general in 1893 and was commander-in-chief in Ireland in 1900, and in the Mediterranean from 190709. In 1911-16 he was governor general of Canada. He served as grand master of the Grand Lodge of England longer than any other grand master-38 years from 1901-1939. He was raised in Prince of Wales Lodge, March 24, 1874 by his elder brother, the Prince of Wales, who was later King Edward VII q.'V. When he became king, Edward relinquished the office of grand master which he held for 27 years to Prince Arthur. Arthur was installed as provincial grand master for Sussex in 1886 and two years later district grand master for Bombay. He ruled over the Irish Knights Templar as grand prior from 1878 to 1895 when the Convent General was dissolved. He was sovereign grand inspector general of the Supreme Council 33掳 for England and Wales and was the originator of the Masonic Million Dollar Memorial Fund for the erection of the present London temple as a tribute to the Masons who lost their lives in WW1. He was succeeded as grand master by H.R.H. Prince George q.'I:J. When Prince Albert invested Prince George as senior grand warden, Albert's two brothers-both to become kingswere present. They were H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, later Edward VIII and now Duke of Windsor q.'V. and R.R.H. the Duke of York, later King George VI q.v.

James Conner (1829-1883) Confederate General, Civil War. b. Sept. 1, 1829 at Charleston, S. Car. Admitted to bar in 1852 and appointed u.s. district attorney for S.. Car. in 1856. Entered Confederate army as captain in 1861, serving in many campaigns and rising to the rank of brigadier general, commanding a division in the latter part of the war. d. June 26, 1883. He was a member and past master of Landmark Lodge No. 76, Charleston, and in 1868 served as grand master of the Grand Lodge of South Carolina. Martin S. "Mike" Conner Governor of Mississippi from 1932-36. b. Aug. 31, 1891 at Hattiesburg, Miss. he graduated from Univ.. of Miss. in 1910, and law degree cum laude from Yale in 1913. Began practice at Seminary, Miss. in 1913. Was speaker of the state lower house from 191624. Now member of Conner & Nobles.. Mason and Shrjner, received his KCCH in Scottish Rite (SJ).

William E. Connelley (1855-1930) Author. b. March 15, 1855 in Johnson Co., Ky. Connected with banking interests in Kansas City, Kans., he wrote call for the first meeting of oil men in Kansas in 1905, which resulted in organization of Kansas Oil Producers' Assn.. and began the crusade against Standard Oil Co., which resuIted in the dissolution of that corporation by the supreme court. Author of The Provisional G01)ernment

Donald H. Connolly Major General, U.S. Army. b. Feb. 11, 1886 at Fort Mojave, Ariz. Graduate of U.S. Military Academy in 1910 and in Corps of Engineers since that time. Saw foreign service in Canal Zone, PhiIippines and France. Member of generaI staff from 1918-22. With headquarters, Army Air Forces in Washington in 1942, and commanded the Persian Gulf Command from 194244. Retired in 1948, and since that time路 has been director of department


Frank L. Conrad ing as master and was treasurer of lodge for 30 years. Member of Bucyrus Chapter No. 160, R.A.M., Bucyrus Council No. 83, R. & S.M. (past master and secretary for three years) and Marion Commandery No. 36, K.T. Received 33° AASR (NJ) in 1937 and is life member of Toledo Consistory. Member of Aladdin Shrine Temple, Columbus, Ohio; Red Cross of Con.. stantine, Toledo and Royal Order of Scotland in Washington, D.C.

of aviation, City of Baltimore. Life member of Lebanon Lodge No.7, Washington, D.C.

Frank L. Conrad (1886-1949) Utilities executive. b. Sept. 15, 1886 at Cincinnati, Ohio. Was president and director of the following companies: United Light & Railways Co.. ; American Light & Traction Co.; Continental Gas & Electric Corp; United Light & Railways Service Co. Was director of half a dozen other corporations. Mason. d. Oct. 22, 1949. Marchioness of Contebonne An early member of French Adoptive Freemasonry, a female organization which received quasi-Masonic recognition from the Grand Orient of France. Other famous contemporaries in the order were the Duchess of Chartres q.. v., Duchess of Bourbon q.v., P'rincess Lambelle q..v., Countess of Polignac q.'D. and Countess of Choiseul-Gouffier q.v. Julius Converse Governor of Vermont in 1872..74. His lodge membership is not known, but on Sept. 21, 1831 he was a visitor at Rising Sun Lodge No.7 of Royalton, Vt. Edmond E. Cook (1874-1931) Newspaper editor. b. Jan. 21, 1874 at Dalton, Ohio. Began as reporter on Columbus Press-Post in 1895. Became editor in chief of central group (Ohio) of Scripps-Howard newspapers with headquarters in Cleveland, 1922, returning to Columbus in 1922 to head a similar group. Mason. d. May 3, 1931. H. Earl Cook Chairman of the Board, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Director of same since 1947. Retired, Nov. 1, 1957. b. June 19, 1886 at Bucyrus, Ohio. With 2nd National Bank of Bucyrus from 190746, being president of same ÂŁrom 1929-46. Was superintendent of banks of Ohio from 1943-47.. Raised in Bucyrus Lodge No. 139 in June, 1908, serv~

James Cook (1728-1779) English explorer, mariner and circumnavigator. b. Oct. 28, 1728 in Martin, Yorkshire.He entered the British navy as a common seaman in 1755 and by 1759 was master of a vessel. He surveyed the St. Lawrence channel in 1759, coast of Newfoundland and Labrador from 1763-67. Explored the South Pacific in the Endeavou'r in 1768, charting the coasts of New Zealand, Australia and New Guinea and returning by way of Cape of Good Hope in 1771. With the Reso!ution and the Adventure he conducted an expedition in search of the great southern continent then believed to exist in 1772-75. On this trip he skirted the Antarctic ice fields, visit.. ed Tahiti, New Hebrides and discovered New Caledonia. His last trip was with the Resolution and the Discovery, starting in 1776 to discover a 'passage around North America from the Pacific. He rediscovered the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) and charted the Pacific coast of North America as far as the Bering Strait.. He was killed on Feb. 14, 1779 in Hawaii in a scuffle with natives over a stolen boat.. Although no proof of his membership is available, he is constantly referred to as a member of the Craft.. Lawrence. F. Cook Chief Forester of National Park Service. b. May 21, 1900 at Newton Center, Mass. B.S. in forestry from Syracl:lSe Univ. in 1923. Served as park ranger, chief ranger


Calvin Coolidge and forester in charge of Western division of National Parks until 1937 when he became assistant chief forester of the service at Washington, and chief forester since June 1952. Mason. Robert C. Cook President of Mississippi Southern College since 1945. b. July 6, 1903 at Fayette, Ala. Teacher and principal of high schools until 1937 when he became professor of education at his alma mater, the Univ. of Mississippi. Served as dean of the school of education unti11943. Mason.

Willian1 L. Cook (1869-1942)


tice, Supreme Court of Tennessee

from 1926-42. b. Dec. 6, 1869 at Bon Aqua, Tenn. Admitted to bar in 1892 and practiced at Charlotte. Member

of state general assembly, circuit court judge from 1908-23.. Mason. d. March 5, 1942.

George A. Cooke (1869-1938) Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Illinois, 1913-14. b. July 3, 1869 at New Athens, Ohio. Graduate of Knox College in 1892. Served in illinois lower house for four years and elected to supreme court of illinois in 1900, serving until he resigned in 1918. He resumed private practice in Chicago in 1919. Mason. d. Dec. 6, 1938. . Harold G. Cooke President of McMurry College, Abilene, Texas since 1942. b. June 12, 1890 at Scatterwood, S.D. Admitted to Texas bar in 1912 and ordained to Methodist ministry in 1913. He served as a pastor from 1913-38 and was professor of homiletics at Southern Methodist Univ. from 1928-30. Member of Abilene Lodge No. 559 of Abilene, Texas.

L. Perry Cookingham City Manager of Kansas City, Mo. since 1940. b. Oct. 23, 1896 at Chicago, Ill. He first served as city manager of Clawson, M~ch. from 1927-31, then Plymouth, Mich. from 1931-36 and Saginaw, Mich. from 1936-40. Served as president of the International City Managers' Assn. in 1940 and received the LaGuardia q.v. Memorial Award for achievement in municipal administration. Member of Anchor Lodge No. 980 of Danville, Ill. since 1920. Shriner and member of DeMolay Legion of Honor.

George Cooke An impostor. It is not often that the Grand Lodge of England allows itself to be hoodwinked, but it so happened in 1847 when a visiting American, who styled himself Major General George Cooke, LL.D., and said that he was a chancellor of the University of Ripley, joined the Prince of Wales Lodge No. 259. A generous supporter of the Masonic charities, he became vice president of the Girls' School and a life governor of the Boys' School and Calvin路 Coolidge (1872-1933) Thirof the Benevolent Institution. Before he left England, the grand master tieth President of the United States. conferred on him the rank of past A non-Mason, his wife was a member grand warden and appointed him his of the Order of Eastern Star and his representative at the Grand Lodge son, John, became a member of Wylof New York. A fund was even raised lys Lodge No. 99, West Hartford, for the purpose of putting his bust Conn.. on Oct. 18, 1944. While goverin Freemasons' Hall. It was not until nor of Mass. Coolidge addressed the Cooke was safely back in the states Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, havthat it came to light he was a mere ing this to say: "It has not been my medical quack who advertised his 'fortune to know very much of Freewares. He was accordingly stripped masonry, but I have had the great of his grand rank, expelled from the fortune to know many Freemasons, grand lodge and reimbursed the sums and I have been able in that way to judge the tree by its fruits. I know he had subscribed to charity. 245

Samuel H. Coon of your high ideals. ·1 have seen that you hold your meetings in the presence of the open Bible, and I know that men who observe that formality have high sentiments of citizenship, of worth, and of character. That is the strength of our Commonwealth and Nation."

tory, AASR (SJ), Washington, D.C. receiving 33° on Oct. 23, 1931. On June 14, 1930 he was elected president of the National Sojourners in convention at Atlantic City, N.J. d. Jan. 26, 1935.

Sir Ernest Cooper British industrialist. b. June 10, 1877 in Clinton, Samuel H. Coon U.S. Congress- Huron Co., Ontario, Canada, of Britman from Oregon to 83rd and 84th ish parents. He graduated from Tor.. Congresses. b. April 15, 1903 at Boise, onto Univ. in 1900 and left Canada Idaho. Graduate of Univ. of Idaho in for England in 1908. During WW1 he 1925. A cattle rancher since 1929. served with the Canadian ExpediWas state senator in 1951-52. Raised tionary Forces from 1916-19, retiring in Baker Lodge No. 47 in 1948 and with rank of captain. Cooper is chair32° AASR (SJ), both in Baker, Oreg. man of Gillette Industries, Ltd., the European counterpart of the Gillette Robert E. Coontz (1864-1935) Ad- Safety Razor Co. in the United States, miral, U.S. Navy and Commander-in- of which American company he is Chief of the U.S. Fleet. b. June 11, vice president and director. In 19411864 at Hannibal, Mo. Graduated U.S. 43 he served as industrial adviser to Naval Academy in 1885. Was com- the government of Northern Ireland, missioned ensign in 1887 and promot- and in 1943-46 was director of Infored through grades to rear admiral mation Services in London. In 1940-41 in 1917 and full admiral on Oct. 24, he was England's minister of air1919. He was in Alaska six years as craft production. In 1944 he was erea pilot, and in 1908 was executive ated a knight at the hands of late officer of the Nebraska on a trip George VI q.v. in recognition of his around the world. In 1910-11 he was services in industry and production. commandant of midshipmen at the He was initiated July 25, 1911 in CanNaval Academy, and governor of ada Lodge No. 3527, London, serving Guam in 1912-13. From 1913-15 he as its master in 1917. He has served commanded the Georgia. In WWl he on the Grand Lodge of England's commanded the 7th Division, U.S. board of general purposes since 1939 Atlantic Fleet in 1918 and command- and has been chairman of the board ed U.S.S. Wyoming, flagship of the since appointed as such by the late Pacific Fleet. He was confirmed by Earl of Harewood in 1946. He has rethe senate aschie£ or naval opera- ceived'many Masonic honors. In 1951 tions in 1919 and commanded the the late Duke of Devonshire q.v. U.S. Fleet from Aug. 4, 1923 to Oct. then grand master, conferred on him 3, 1925. He retired in 1928, but was. the rank of past grand warden. He recalled in 1930 to investigate Alas- is also a senior grand warden of the kan railroads. He was raised in Naval Grand Lodge of Scotland, past deputy and Military Lodge No. 206 at Brem- grand master of the Grand Lodge of erton, Wash. on Oct. 23, 1915 and Nova Scotia, past grand registrar of served as master of same (now Wil- the Grand Lodge of Canada (Onliam H. Upton Lodge). He was grand tario), and past grand warden of the orator of the Grand Lodge of Wash- National Grand Lodge of France. In ington in 1925. He was a member of May, 1956 the Grand Lodge of New Olympia Chapter No. 27, R.A.M. of York bestowed its exclusive award Bremerton and Albert Pike Consis- for distinguished achievement on him. 246

Wyllis Cooper Henry Cooper (1827-?) U.S. Senator from Tennessee from 1871-77. b. Aug. 22, 1827 in Columbia, Tenn., he graduated at West Tennessee Univ. in 1847. Admitted to bar in 1849, he practiced at Shelbyville. He was elected to the state's legislature in 1853 and again in 1857. He served in the state senate in 1869-70. He was raised in Shelbyville Benevolent Lodge No. 122 on Jan. 6, 1849 and later demitted to Euphemia Lodge No. 195 of Columbia. He was exalted in Tannehill Chapter No. 40, R.A.M. in Jan. 1852, and knighted in Nashville Commandery No.1, K.T. on Oct. 13, 1853.

Jere Cooper U.S. 路Congressman 71st to 84th Congresses from Tennessee (1929-56) . b. July 20, 1893 in Dyer Co., Tenn. Admitted to bar in 1915 and practiced at Dyersburg. Served with A.E.F. in WW1 as captain. Mason,. Knight Ternplar and Shriner.

52, and president of same since 1952. Architect on many public and residential buildings, schools,. colleges, libraries, dormitories, gymnasium, office buildings and public housing. Mason. Thomas A. Cooper (1776-1849) Actor. b. in London, England. His first stage appearance was in Stephen Kemble's company in Edinburgh and later at Covent Garden, London, with great success as Hamlet and Macbeth. In Dec., 1796 he made his first appearance in Philadelphia as Macbeth at the Chestnut Street Theatre and in August of the following year played in the Greenwich Street Theatre in New York as Pierre in Venice Preserved. He returned to England in 1802, and for several years held a foremost rank on the English stage. He returned to New York in 1804, and for a long time was lessee of the Park Theatre. He made one more trip to England, but returned to America and continued to play 1..Ultil advanced years. His daughter, havingmarried the son of President Tyler, he held several public offices, including surveyor to ports' of New York and Philadelphia. He was a member of Holland Lodge No.8, New York City. d. April 21, 1849.

Robert A. Cooper (1874-1953) Twice Governor of South Carolina (1919-22) and federal judge. b. June 12, 1874 at Laurens Co., S. Car. Admitted to bar in 1898 and began practice at Laurens. Member of the Federal Farm Loan Board 1922-27. Was U.S. district judge of Puerto Rico from 1934-47. He was raised in Ornan Lodge No. 69, Fork Shoals, S. Car., Wyllis Cooper Radio writer and afterwards demitting to Princeton Lodge No. 129 and then to Palmetto . producer. b.. Jan. 26, 1899路 at Pekin, Lodge No. 19. He was the first elected Ill., he has been a radio writer since master of Laurens Lodge No. 260, 1929 and motion picture writer from Laurens, and was grand master of 1936-39. He was continuity editor of the Grand Lodge of South Carolina Columbia Broadcasting System, cenfrom 1915-17. He also served as poten- tral division from 1930-32. He origitate of Ornar Shrine Temple at nated the radio dramatic series Lights Out, in 1933, directing it until 1936. Charleston. d. Aug. 7, 1953. He directed a number of other series Samuel I. Cooper Architect. b. including Empire Builders, Immortal Feb. 14, 1894 at Atlanta, Ga. Gradu- Dramas, Hollywood Hotel" Good ate of Univ. of Pennsylvania in archi- Neighbors, Spirit of '41, Quiet Please, tecture, he was president of Cooper and was writer and producer of The & Cooper from 1925-42; vice president Army Hour by the War Department of Cooper, Bond & Cooper, Inc. 1945- in 1943. Mason. 247

Robert W. Copelan Robert W. Copelan Managing Editor of Cincinnati Times-Star since 1952. b. Dec. 22, 1894 at Cincinnati. He began as a reporter for the Cin,cinnati Enquirer in 1914, turning to advertising and insurance business from 1920-24, and back to newspaper work with the Times-Star in 1924, successively as reporter, rewrite, make up editor, assistant city editor, news editor and associate managing editor. Served as an officer in both WWl and WW2. Member of Chevoit Lodge No. 140, Cincinnati, Ohio, being raised in 1915; McMillan Chapter No. 19 and Trinity Commandery No. 44, K.T.; Syrian Shrine Temple-all of Cincinnati. Served as commander of his commandery in 1932.

James Millikin Univ. and Lincoln Memorial Univ. After teaching in Colorado College and Harvard, he became president of Lincoln eTI1.) College from 1935-44, then vice president of Lake Forest (Ill.) College from 1944-46, and president of Rocky Mountain College (Mont.). Presently pastor of 1st Presbyterian Church in Polson, Mont. Raised in Tejon Lodge No. 104, Colorado Springs, Colo. in 1920 and -member of chapter and council in Colorado Springs. 32° AASR (SJ) in Denver. Charles H. Copestake (? -1956) Masonic historian. Known for his research work on Masonic subjects, he was raised in Column Lodge No. 120, Trenton, N.J., but demitted to Christopher Yates Lodge No. 971, Schenectady, N.Y. when he moved there and served as master in 1939. He was active in almost all Masonic fields, especially the American Lodge of Research, which he had served as master. He was a 33° AASR (NJ) and a member of the special committee on history and a consultant archivist of the Supreme Council in New York City. d. Feb. 25, 1956.

Royal S. Copeland (1868-1938)U.S. Senator from N.Y. and physician. b. Nov. 7, 1868. Received M.D. degree from Univ. of Michigan in 1889, and took postgraduate work in England, France, Germany, Switzerland and Belgium. He practiced in Bay City, Mich. from 1890-95, and was professor of ophthalmology at the Univ. of Michigan from 1895-1908. He moved to New Yorka.nd held the same position in the Flower Hospital Medical Ira C. Copley (1864-1947) PubCollege from 1908-18.. He was commissioner of health and president of lisher, U.S. Congressman and philanthe New York City board of health thropist. b. Oct. 25, 1864 in Knox Co., from 1918-23, and then served three TIL Became associated with public terms as U.S.. senator from New York . utilities early in life, and was presi·· (1923-41), dying on June 17,1938 be- dent of Western United Corp. until fore his third term was completed. 1926. Among the various newspapers He was a member of Bay City Lodge he published at one time or another No. 129, Bay City, Mich., and Ann were The Aurora Beacon News, Elgin Arbor Commandery No. 13, K.T. at Courier, Joliet Herald News, Illinois Ann Arbor as well as Moslem Shrine State Journal, Illinois State Register Temple.. On Dec. 4, 1920 he delivered and chairman and president of The an address before Stuyvesant Lodge Copley Press, Inc., Aurora-all of IlliNo. 745, N..Y . There was a Knight nois. He was also the owner of the Templar guard of honor at his San Diego Union and ·Tribune, San Diego Sun and papers now comprisfuneral. ing the Southern California AssociWilliam D.. Copeland College ated Newspapers, Los Angeles. He President. b. Jan. 9, 1897 at Denver, served as congressman from 62nd to Colo. Degrees from Colorado College, 67th Congresses (1911-23) from 11th 248

Harvey W. Corbett

nlinois dist. He gave site and building 拢und as well as a million dollar

endowment to a hospital at Aurora which was renamed Copley Memorial Hospital. Mason. d. Nov. 2, 1947. George H. Coppers President of the National Biscuit Co. since 1945. b. Nov. 29, 1902 in New York City. Graduated LL.B. cum laude from Fordham Univ. in 1929. He entered the employ of National Biscuit in New York City as an office boy in 1920, rising as clerk, accountant, law clerk, assistant secretary, general counsel and finally director and president. His record also includes directorships and trusteeships of many important corporations. Member of Charter Oak Lodge No. 249 of New York City.

Pompeo Coppini Sculptor and painter. b. May 19, 1870 in Moglia, Mantua, Italy, he came to America in 1896 and was naturalized in 1902. He has executed 45 public monuments in various cities, including such notable ones as the equestrian statue of Gen. J. H. Morgan, Lexington, Ky.; George Washington, Mexico City; Senator John H. Reagan, Palestine, Tex.; Terry's Ranger, Austin, Tex.; Falkenberg monument, Denver, Colo.; Gen. J. C. Root monument, Memphis, Tenn.; Stephen F. Austin statue, Austin, Tex.; Gen. Sam Houston memorial, Huntsville, Texas; U.S. Senator James P. Clarke of Ark. for Statuary Hall in national capitol; Confederate Memorial at Corpus Christi. Tex.; allegorical bronze doors of Scottish Rite Cathedral, San Antonio, Tex.; centotaph "Heroes of the Alamo" at Waco; and many others. He was raised in Italia Lodge, Pitrasanta, Italy and is an honorary member of Mazzini Lodge No. 824, New York City, a 32 0 AASR, Knight Templar and Shriner. Robert L. Copsey Major General, U.S. Air Force. b. Feb. 15, 1896 at

Broken Bow, Nebr., he attended Univ. of Nebraska until 1918 when he was commissioned 2nd lieut. in U.S. Army and rose to major general in 1953. From 1928-31 he was president of the Metropolitan Airways, Inc., Newark Air Service, Inc., and from 1931-49 was commissioner of aviation, State of N.J. From 194750 he commanded the 91st Air Division and 63rd Troop Carrier Air Wing USAF Reserve. Was recalled to active duty in 1950 in the Office of Chief of Staff, USAF. Since 1953 路he has been director of Joint Air Transportation Board,. Dept. of the Air Force. Mason and Shriner. George Copway (1818-1863) Chippewa Indian chief. b. near mouth of Trent river in Ontario, his Indian name was Kah-ge-ga-gah-bowh and his father was a tribal medicine man. Copway became a Methodist missionary among his people, converted many of them including his father. He married a white woman (Elizabeth . Howell), who accompanied him on many dangerous trips among hostile tribes. He received his degrees in Federal Lodge No.. 1, Washington, D.C. sometime prior to 1848 as he is listed .as a member in that year. He appealed to Masonic lodges on several occasions to help support educational institutions for Indian children. In his writings he frequently referred to Freemasonry. A man of pronounced likes and dislikes, he wrote on them at length. He loved his family, his tribe, nature, the Christian religion, fellow Methodists and missionaries. He abhorred whisky, tobacco, the Sioux and cash payments路 to the Indians by the government. Harvey W. Corbett (1873-1954) Architect who designed the Rockefeller Center and the George Washington Masonic National Memorial. b. Jan. 8, 1873 at San Francisco. He graduated from Univ. of California


William W. Corcoran and also studied abroad. He lectured in architecture at Columbia Univ.,

and was member of advisory board of school of architecture, Princeton Univ. Among the many buildings of his design are the Holy Innocents Church, Brooklyn; Bush Terminal Office Building, N.Y.; Bush House, London; Metropolitan Life Ins. Building, N.Y.; Roerich Musewn, N.Y. His wife, Gail Sherman Corbett, is a sculptress who executed a portrait 0'£ Washington for the Masonic Memorial at Alexandria, Va. which her husband designed. Corbett was a memb,er of Sagamore Lodge No. 371, being raised on Feb. 15, 1922. d. April, 1954.

William W. Corcoran (1798-1888) American financier and philanthropist. b. De'c. 27, 1798 in Georgetown, D.C. Amassed great wealth first in dry goods (which was lost) and later in real estate and banking. At one time he held 12 million in U.S. 6% loans. When the interest fell he went to England and enlisted the aid of the great banking houses of that nation to such an extent that there was a premium on the money and it laid the basis for his great wealth.. He retired from the banking business in 1854 to manage his own estate. The art gallery in Washington, D.C., bearing his: name was his gift to the nation in 1869. He was a member of Potomac Lodge No.5, Georgetown, D.C. from July 26, 1827. d. Feb. 24, 1888.

Oscar L. Cordell President of Bareco Oil Co. since 1939.. b. May 26, 1887 at Helenwood, Tenn. In petroleum refining and marketing since 1907. Member of Siloam Lodge No. 276, Oklahoma City, Okla. and past master of same. 32° AASR (SJ) in McAlester and India Shrine Temple, O'kIahoma City..

prominent member of the Lodge of the Nine Sisters in Paris, France. It was Cordier and Benjamin Franklin q.v., who supported the author Voltaire q.v. during his initiation into that famous lodge. Ralph J. Cordiner Vice President of General Electric Co. since 1945. b. March 20,1900 at Walla Walla, Wash. With power and appliance companies since 1922. President of Schick, Inc., Stamford, Conn., 1939-42. Served with U.S. Navy in WW1. Mason. Guy Cordon U.S. Senator from Oregon. Raised April 10, 1912 in Laurel Lodge No. 13, Roseburg, Oregon and master of the lodge in 1919. George C. SO' Corea Ambassador of Ceylon to U.S.A. since 1948. b. Sept. 5, 1895 near Colombo, Ceylon. Admitted to bar of Ceylon in 1916 and practiced in Chilaw from 1916-31. President of Ceylon National Congress, 1934-36 and minister of Labour Industry and Commerce of Ceylon £rom 1936-46. High commissioner for Ceylon in United Kingdom 1946-48. President of Boy Scouts of Ceylon :from 1942-46. He is a member of Orion Lodge No. 5130 and founding member of Ceylon Lodge No. 6436 of London, England. He is credited with winning independence for Ceylon. Herbert F. Corn Newspaper editor.. b. Jan. 23, 1897 at Metropolis, lli. With the Washington Herald in 1920 and Washington Evening Star since 1921, being managing. editor since 1942. President of Associated Press Managing Editors Assn. in 1952 and member of White House Conespondents Assn. Member of TempleNoyes Lodge No. 32, Washington, D.C. and Mount Pleasant Chapter No. 13, R.A.M., Washington.

. e Cordier French Catholic Abb Duke of Cornwall (see Edward clergyman, who in spite of threats from the Roman hierarchy, was a VII) 250

Lord Fiennes Stanley Wykeham Cornwallis after the regiment's glorious action in the battle of Minden in August 1759, the lodge was named Minden Lodge No. 63. In 1868 while governor of Gibraltar, he founded a third lodge-No. 426 of the 24th Foot under the Grand Lodge of Nova Scotia.

Lord Charles Cornwallis (17381805) British General of American Revolution who surrendered to Washington at Yorktown and thus ended the war. b. Dec. 31, 1738 in Suffolk. He was 2nd Earl and first Marquis of Cornwallis. A major general in the American Revolution, he was created full general in 1793. He fought in Germany in 1761-62 and defeated Greene at Guilford Court House in 1781, but was besieged at Yorktown and forced to capitulate. He was governor general and commander-inchief of India in 1786, and viceroy of Ireland from 1798-1801, resigning because of the king's refusal to grant Roman Catholic emancipation. He negotiated the treaty of Amines in 1802, and was again governor general of India in 1805. He performed the grand honors of Masonry at the funeral of Major General DeKalb q.v. who had been wounded and taken prisoner on Aug. 17,1780 at the battle of Camden. d. Oct. 5, 1805. Edward Cornwallis English Lieutenant General; founder and first governor of Nova Scotia. He sailed to North America in 1749 with 1,140 settlers and landed safely in Nova Scotia on June 21. Almost as soon as there was a house erected, he established a lodge under provincial dispensation from Major E. J. Phillips, P.G.M. of Annapolis Royal, N.S., representing Henry Price of Boston, who was grand master for North America. This lodge is the oldest Canadian lodge and is now St. Andrews Lodge No.1, Halifax. The dispensation was received in July, 1749 "and on the same evening Captain Lord Colville q.v. and a number of the Navy gentlemen, were entered Apprentices in this Lodge." Previously, while fighting in Germany, Cornwallis was oneoÂŁ the three founders of another lodge in the 20th Foot under Irish constitution. The warrent for same was received in Dec. 1748, and

Lord Fiennes Stanley Wykeham Cornwallis (1864-1935) b. at Chalcombe Priory near Banbury on May 27, 1864 and educated at Eton. He served as a colonel of the West Kent ,Queen's Own Imperial Yeomanry. He was prominent in various sports including hunting, cricket and shooting. He was Master of the Linton Beagles from 1888 until a few years before his death. In public life, he had a distinguished career, representing Maidstone in the House of Commons from 1888-1895 and again from 1898 to 1900. He was president of the Royal Agricultural Society of England in 1906. He was deputy grand master of the Grand Lodge of England from 1926-35. He was raised in Douglas Lodge No. 1725, Maidstone, and served a's master. He subsequently joined Crane Lodge No. 2660, Cranbrook and served twice as mastel". He was also the founder of East Kent Masters' Lodge No. 3931, in 1919, and was its first master. He attained grand rank in 1901 as junior grand warden and in 1905 was appointed provincial grand master for Kent. He was exalted in Montreal Chapter No. 2046 and served it as first principal and later as grand superintendent for Kent. In 1926 he was appointed as 2nd grand principal for the Supreme Grand Chapter in succession to his uncle, the third Earl Amherst. He was chairman of the annual festival of the Royal Masonic Benevolent Institution in 1920 and the Royal Masonic Girls' Institution in 1930. The peerage was reestablished in his name in 1927, thus restoring the Cornwallis name to the House of Lords after a long absence.


Lord Wykeham Stanley Cornwallis In 1931 he visited the United States, attending the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania and dedicating a statue of his ancestor Lord Charles Cornwallis at Yorktown, where he had surrendered to Washington. d. Sept. 27, 1935, he was succeeded in title and Masonic offices by his son Wykeham Stanley Cornwallis q.'l:J. Lord Wykeham Stanley Cornwallis 2nd Baron Cornwallis, succeeding his father Lord F. S. W. Cornwallis on the latter's death q.v. in 1935. Educated at Eaton, he entered the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst and saw service with the Royal Scots Greys during WW1, in which he was wounded and earned the Military Cross. He was on the General Staff, both in France and Flanders. He is now a colonel of the Thames and Medway Heavy Regiment, Royal Artillery. Since 1944 he has been Her Majesty's Lord Lieutenant of Kent and also one of Her Majesty's lieutenants for the City of London. He entered Douglas Lodge No. 1725 and was its master in 1928. His father had served as master 34 years earlier. He was appointed as junior grand warden of the Grand Lodge of England in 1935 and ruler of the Masonic province of Kent-a position held by his father for 30 years.

John J. Cornwell Governor or West Virginia 1917-21. b. July 11, 1867 in Ritchie Co., W. Va. He has been principal owner of The Hamp,shire Review since 1890. He financed and built the Hampshire Southern Railroad (40 miles long) and is president or the Bank of Romney. Was five times a delegate to Democratic National Convention. Mason.

government and member of Supreme Council AASR of Central America.

Fred P. Corson Methodist bishop. b. April 11, 1896 at Millville, N.J. A graduate of Dickinson (1917) , and Drew Univ. (1920), holding honorary degrees from nine other colleges and universities. Ordained in 1920, he served as pastor in Jackson Heights, N.Y., New Haven, Conn., Port Washington, N.W. until 1929 when made superintendent of the Brooklyn Southern Dist., N.Y. He has been president of Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa. since 1934. Elected bishop in 1944. A Mason, he was grand chaplain of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania in 1947 and grand prelate of the Grand Comrnandery, K.T. of Pennsylvania in 1942. Publio Cortini Italian industrialist and grand master of the Grand Orient of Italy in 1956. When Marconi was studying the problem of radio-telephone transmission by the Fleming tube, Cortini worked with him as an officer of the Wireless Signal Section of the Italian Army, and under his guidance did the first transmission, beginning from a distance of 300 yards, and finishing, after three months' of experimentation, with the transmission of over 1,000 miles. The latter transmission was from Rome to Tripoli. At the conclusion of WWl Cortini began his work with manufacturing electrical machinery. During the Mussolini regime, Cortini hid the documents of the Grand Orient of France in his factory notwithstanding the danger to his life that such an act represented. A member of Coli di Firenza Lodge in Rome, he is a member of Trenton Chapter No. 66, Royal Arch Masons and Trenton Council No. 37, R. & S.M., both of Trenton, Mo. He has also received the honorary Order of High Priest.. hood from the Grand Chapter, R.A.M. of Missouri and honorary member of

Buenaventura Correoso President of the extinct state of Panana; minister of Colombia to Costa Rica, president of the Colombian Congress; judge, prefect, deputy, secretary of 252

Charles de Coster Order of Silver Trowel, Grand Council, R. & S.M. of Missouri. Cortini has visited in the United States several times since WW2. Thomas Corwin (1794-1865) Ohio Congressman, Senator, Secretary of the Treasury and Minister to Mexico. b. July 29, 1794 in Bourbon Co., Ky. His family moved to Lebanon, Ohio when he was four. Admitted to the bar in 1818 and developed an extensive practice. He was elected to the state legislature in 1822, serving until 1829. Next elected to the U.S. congress, he served from 1830-40, resigning to become candidate for governor and was elected to serve 1840-42. In 1844 he was elected to the U.S. senate, where in 1847 he made a notable speech against the war in Mexico. He served in the senate until 1850, when President Fillmore named him as secretary of the treasury. He served two more terms in congress; starting in 1858, and when Lincoln became president, Corwin was named as minister to Mexico. He became a member of Lebanon Lodge No. 26, Lebanon, Ohio in 1819, serving as master; and grand master of the Grand Lodge of Ohio in 1828. He had also served as grand orator and deputy grand master. He was a member of Lebanon Chapter No.5, R.A.M. and knighted in Mount Vernon Commandery, K.T. on Jan. 13, 1826. d. Dec. 18, 1865.

George Cosgrave (1870-1945) Federal Judge, Southern district of California from 1930. b. Feb. 20, 1870 at Calaveras Co., Calif. Admitted to bar in 1895 and practiced at Fresno. Mason. d. Aug. 4,. 1945. Edward B. Cosgrove Industrialist. b.. July 7, 1888 at Le Sueur, Minn. Graduate of Univ. of Minnesota, 1910. Began as secretary of Minn. Valley Canning Co. at LeSueur in 1913 and president since 1929.. President of Minnesota Valley Corp. and chair-

man of the board of Fine Foods of Canada, Ltd. A director of Pillsbury Mills, Inc., First Nat. Bank of St. Paul and other corporations. Mason

and Shriner. Samuel G. Cosgrove Eighth Governor of Washington. Member of Evening Star Lodge No. 30, Pomeroy, Washington. Oliver P. Coshow (1863-1) Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Oregon. b. Aug. 14, 1863 at Brownsville, Oreg. Admitted to bar in 1890 and practiced at McMinnville and Roseburg. Member of state senate from 190509. Associate justice of supreme court from 1924 and chief justice from 192930. Mason. Deceased. Sir Michael Andrew Agnus Costa (1808-1884) Italian composer and conductor who resided in England from 1829 and was knighted. He conducted opera at Her Majesty's Theatre, London from 1832-46, and at Covent Garden from 1846. He was the composer of oratorios, operas and ballets and served as grand organist of the Grand Lodge of England. Costa was initiated May 3, 1848 in the Bank of England Lodge No. 263, London, and served as its master in 1852-53.

WiIIiamC. Costello and director of R.F.C. and director of Federal Assn. b. April 6, 1894, Mason.

Vice president Mortgage Co. Nat. Mortgage Columbus, O.

Charles de Coster (1827 -1879) Belgian author. His chief work was La Legende de Thyl Ulenspiegel et de Lamme Goedzak, written in old Flemish in 1868. It was a romance of the 16th century which stressed Belgian patriotism. In his late years he taught general history and French literature at a military school. He was born in Munich and died in Brussels. Also author of Legendes Flamandes in 1858. According to Maurice



Kent Costikyan

Cock's Dictionnaire 'Maconique, published in Brussels, Coster was a Freemason.

s. Kent Costikyan (1867 -1949) Merchant and importer. b. Jan. 23, 1867 in Marsovan, Asia Minor. Came to U.S. in 1884 and naturalized in 1891. Organized firm of Costikyan Feres, importers, at Rochester in 1886 and reorganized as Kent-Costikyan, Inc., New York City in 1900. He maintained a school for orphans and needy children at Marsovan, Asia Minor from 1900-1915. Decorated by Shah of Persia for promoting commercial relations between Persia and the U.S. in 1907. Mason. d. July 3, 1949. Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (17531811) Catholic priest who led the first revolt against the Spaniards in Mexico and started the Mexican revolution that resulted in their freedom five years later. In an attempt to improve the condition of the natives, he proclaimed a revolt on Sept. 16, 1810 against the Spanish government. He seized Guanajuato and Guadalajara and was joined by Allende and Aldama. With an army of 80,000 he marched on Mexico City in October, 1810, winning the first battle, but was forced to fall back when defeated by Spanish forces under Felix Calleja on Nov. 6. He was overwhelmed by Calleja in January, 1811 near Guadalajara and was forced to flee north~ He was betrayed to the Spaniards, and after being degraded from the priesthood, was executed at Chihuahua on July 30, 1811. He joined Arquitechtura Moral Lodge of Mexico City in 1806. Norman D. Cota Major General, U.S. Army. b. May 30, 1893 at Chelsea, Mass. Graduated U.S. Military Academy in 1917 and advanced through grades to major general. In WW2 he commanded the 28th Infantry of the 1st Division. Nowexecu-

tive director of Philadelphia Civil Defense Council. Raised in Robert Lash Lodge of Chelsea, Mass. on Oct. 24, 1917. Thomas P. Cothran (1857-1934) Associate Justice Supreme Court of S. Carolina~ 1921-34. b. Oct. 24, 1857 at Abbeville, S. Car. Admitted to bar in 1878 and practiced at Abbeville. Member of S. Car. lower house, 190410 and 1914-21, being speaker of the house from 1918-21. Mason. d. April 11, 1934. Capt. John Cotton Naval officer of the Revolutionary War. He was one of the early initiates of St. John's Mark Lodge of Middletown, Conn. (1st in the U.S.). By resolution of congress, it was directed that two frigates of 36 and 28 guns be built in Connecticut. Gov. Trumbull and his council voted on Feb. 17, 1777 that one of these vessels "should be built at Chatham (across from Middletown) on the Connecticut River, under the supervision of Capt. John Cotton of Middletown." The records of the mark lodge contain this interesting item: "On a motion made by Bro. John Cotton that his Mark he purchased from this War. Mark Master Lodge, which was Inker and Pen, should be altered to the mark of Hope and Anchor, which last mark he purchased of Bro. John DeKoven, who is now absent, and never likely to return. Accordingly, was voted to be altered, and ordered to be recorded as such, and there to remain as such until honestly redeemed." Norris Cotton U.S. Senator from New Hampshire, 1954-56. b. May 11, 1900 at Warren, N.H. Editor of the Granite Monthly:! Concord, N.H. 192324; admitted to bar in 1928 and practiced in Concord and later Lebanon. Served in 80th-83rd congresses from 2nd N.H. dist. and elected to senate to fill unexpired term of Charles


Wirt Courtney W. Tobey q.v. Director of Lebanon Woolen Mills, Inc. and Lebandale Mills, Inc. Grand master of Odd Fellows in 1943. Raised in Moosehillock Lodge No. 63, Warren, N.H. in 1924 and presently a member of Franklin Lodge No.6, Lebanon, N.H. Also member of St. Andrews Chapter No. 1, R.A.M. and Washington Council No. 10, R. & S.M., both of Lebanon; 32掳 AASR (NJ) at Nashua and member of Bektash Shrine Temple, Concord, N.H.

Charles P. Couch Utilities and railroad executive. b. Aug. 16, 1890 at Magnolia, Ark. Began as railroad fireman. From 1923-27 was vice president and general manager of Mississippi Power & Light Co. Was vice pres. of Louisiana & Arkansas Railroad in 1929-32 and president from 1932-41, becoming chairman of the board from 1941-44. From 1939-41 he was president of Kansas City Southern. Railroad and chairman of the board from 1941-44. Mason and Shriner.


Harvey C. Couch (1877-1941) Utilities executive. b. Aug. 21, 1877 at Calhoun, Ark. Began as drug store clerk. Organized and operated North Louisiana Telephone Co. from 190412. In 1913 he organized and was president of the Arkansas Power & Light Co.; in 1925 organized and was president of Mississippi Power & Light Co. and in the same year organized and was president of the Louisiana Power & Light Co. He was president of the Louisiana & Arkansas Railway from 1928-32; chairman of the board of Kansas City Southern Railway and president from 1939. In 1933 he was selected by citizens as Arkansas' most outstanding citizen and presented with a plaque in recognition of services to nation and state in fields of industry. Mason. d. July 30, 1941.

Joseph B. Coghlan (1844-1908) Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy and hero of Manila Bay. b. Dec. 9, 1844 at Frankfort, Ky. Graduated from Naval Academy in 1863. He was路 advanced six numbers in rank for eminent and conspicuous conduct in battle of Manila Bay where he commanded the Raleigh under Dewey. He later commanded the Naval War College, North Atlantic Fleet and New York Navy Yard. R,etired in 1906. He gained wide publicity by reciting the poem "Me und Gott," ridiculing the Kaiser. He was a member and past master of Solano Lodge No.. 229, past high priest of Naval Chapter No. 35, and member of Naval Commandery, K.T. all of Vallejo, Calif. James A. Coulter Vice president of Colgate-Palmolive 1933-45. b. May 27, 1882 at Oxford, Ohio. Graduate of Miami and Oxford Universities. He was a chemist and plant superintendent for Procter & Gamble from 1905-23, and in foreign service of Palmolive Co. from 1923-28. Now retired as vice president, he continues as director of Colgate-Palmolive Co. Mason, 32 0 AASR and Shriner. Antoine Court de Gebelin (17251784) French scholar and author. Son of Antoine Court, a French Protestant clergyman. He wrote Le Monde Primitif (1773-84) Affaires de l'Angleterre et d,e l' Amerique (1776) and others. He is named a Freemason by the Bulletin of the International Masonic Congress in 1917.. Raphael Courteville English Organist at St. James Church, West.. minster, in Picadilly, London and composer of the song named for this church. He was a member of a lodge meeting at The George, Charing Cross, circa 1723.

Wirt Courtney U.S. Congressman 76th to 80th Congresses (1939-49) from 7th Tennessee dist. b. Sept. 7, 255

James R. N. Stopford, Earl of Courtown 1889 at Franklin, Tenn. Admitted to bar in 1911 and engaged in private practice. Served as lieutenant of In.. fantry in WWl and was wounded. Be.. came adjutant general of Tennessee in 1932; brigadier general in Tennes.. see National Guard. Served as circuit judge from 1933-39. Raised in Hiram Lodge No.7, Franklin, Tenn. in 1912. Also member of chapter, council and commandery in that city; AI Menah Shrine Temple in Nashville.

1740 he moved to Lisbon, Portugal where he founded a lodge and served as its master. He was a dealer in precious stones. In 1738 Pope Clem.. ent XII q.v. issued his Bull condemn.. ing Freemasonry, and in 1743, Coustos was seized by the Inquisition, and after imprisonment and torture, condemned to the galley for refusing to divulge the secrets of the craft. Falling ill, he was sent to the infinnary, and was able to contact his brotherin-law, the Duke of Newcastle. Admiral Matthews was ordered to anchor his fleet in the Tagas for 24 hours, thus causing the release of Coustos, who was returned to England where he was welcomed by the fraternity and wrote his narrative entitled The Sufferings of John Cousto's for Freemasonry, and f01* Refusing to Turn Roman Catholic, in the Inquisition at Lisbon.

James R. N. Stopford, Earl of Courtown Succeeded his father in 1933 as the seventh Earl of Courtown, the earldom dating back to 1762 with a barony in the Peerage of Ireland and also a barony of SaltersÂŁord in the Peerage of England. He attended Eton and served in the South African War, 1900-01, for which he holds the Queens Medal. He was in active serv.. ice throughout WW1, being mentioned in dispatches and created D.B.E. in 1919. During WW2 he was deputy assistant adjutant general at the Brit.. ish War Office. He was grand senior warden of the Grand Lodge of England in 1938, and is ruler of both the Craft and Royal Arch provinces of BedÂŁordshire. Since 1935 has been supreme grand ruler of the Order of the Secret Monitor, and was appointed first grand constable in the Order of Knights Templar in 1940.

William E. R. Covell Major General, U.S. Army. b. Nov. 29, 1892 at Washington, D.C. Graduate of U.S. Military Academy in 1915. Commissioned in Corps of Engineers in 1915. Retired from army in 1940 as lieut. colonel, and became general manager and director of Crossett-Ark. Co. Was recalled to duty in 1941, made brigadier general in 1943, and major general later the same year, retiring from service again in 1946 to become civilian engineer. Director general of Damon, Dinerman & Cia, S.A., Buenos Aires since 1948. Mason.

John P. Courtright President of Marion Steam Shovel Co. since 1952. b. Dec. 25, 1896 at Ashville, Ohio. Graduate of Ohio State, 1918. Began as salesman for Marion Steam Shovel Co. in 1927. Member of Marion Lodge No. 70, Marion, Ohio and 32 0 AASR at Columbus, Ohio. John Coustos A Freemason who was a victim of the Inquisition. Born in Berne, Switzerland, the son of a naturalized Englishman, he moved to England in 1716 and was initiated in Britannia Lodge No. 33, London. In

Edgar Cowan (1815-1885) U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania, 1861-67. b. Sept. 19, 1815 at Sewickley, Pa. Graduate of Franklin College, Ohio in 1839. Admitted to bar in 1842 and practiced at Greenburg, Pa. Was appointed as minister to Austria in 1867, but the senate failed to confirm the appointment. Returned to private practice after his second 'senatorial term. Mason.


Hereford T. Cowling Roy T. Cowdrey Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy. b. Feb. 4, 1898 at Milwaukee, Wis. Graduated, cum laude from u.s. Naval Academy in 1920 and also M.S. cum laude from Mass. Inst. Tech., 1923. Commissioned ensign in 1919, advancing through grades to rear admiral in 1948. Raised March 31, 1932 in Darien Lodge, B·alboa, C.Z. Honorary member of Lodge of United Services No. 1118, New York City. Received 32 0 AASR in Honolulu, Hawaii Dec.. 9, 1948 and dimitted to Brooklyn, N.Y. on March 5, 1956. Member of Aloha Temple AAONMS of Honolulu and ambassador at large of same. Member of Court No. 30, Royal Order of Jesters, Past president of Sinclair Inlet Chapter No. 80 and N.Y. Chapter No. 13 of National Sojourners. Honorary member of Karem Shrine Temple and Masonic Square Club of the N.Y. Naval Shipyard. Myron M. Cowen U.S. Ambassador. b. Jan. 25, 1898 at Logan, Iowa. Admitted to bar in 1919 and practiced at Des Moines, la. until 1933 when he moved to Washington, practicing there until 1948. He was ambassador to Australia in 1948-49, ambassador to Philippines, 1949-51; and ambassador to Belgium 1952-53. He addressed the Grand Lodge of the Philippines in 1951. Raised in Home Lodge No. 370, Des Moines, Iowa about 1920. 32° AASR (SJ). Thomas J. Cowie (1857-1936) Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy. b. Feb. 15, 1857 at Montezuma, Ia. He was appointed assistant postmaster of the Navy in 1880 and promoted through various grades to postmaster general with ranko£ rear admiral in 1910. He was also chief of Bureau of Supplies and Accounts. Mason. d. July 16, 1936.

John H. Cowles (1863-1954) Sovereign Grand Commander of the Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite

(SJ) from 1921 to 1953. b. Aug. 22, 1863 at Dripping Springs, Ky. He held honorary degrees from Cumberland and George Washington Universities and William Jewell College. He was in the wholesale mercantile business at Louisville at one time and head of the John H. Cowles & Co., brass founders. He served as a captain in the 1st Kentucky Volunteer Infantry in the Spanish-American War in 1898. He was raised in Louisville Lodge No. 400, Louisville, Ky. on Oct. 16, 1888 and served as master four years. Organized Kentucky Army Lodge No. 1, U.D. and was first master during Spanish-American War. He was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky in 1909, and wa's president of the Masonic Relief Association of the United States and Canada 190709. Cowles was ~ Royal Arch Mason and Knight Templar -63 years and a Royal and Select Master for 60 years. He was a 33 0 Mason for 54 years.. d. June 18, 1954 and is buried in the House of the Temple at Washington, D.C.

Hereford T. Cowling Photographer and explorer. b.. Aug. 20, 1890 in Nansemond Co., Va. Was chief photog.. rapher for U.S. Reclamation Service in 1906-16 traveling extensively in U.S., Canada and Mexico. Headed cinematographic expedition to Formosa, Philippines, Indo-China, Siam, Tasmania, and South Sea islands, producing semi-educational movies in 1917. Was chief cinematographer for Paramount (Burton Holmes Travel Films). He has also been technical advisor for Eastman Kodak, official photographer of Century of Progress in Chicago, teclmical director for U.S. National Archives, Washington, chief of photographic services, Dept. of Labor. In 1922 was on expedition to East Africa, Uganda, Congo and The Sudan. Made movies in Tibet and was China war correspondent in 1924. Member of Benjamin B. French


Allyn Cox Lieut. governor of state, 1919-20. Has been president of Mass. Committee on Public Safety since 1940. He is president of the Old Colony Trust Co., and a director of a dozen or more corporations including United Fruit, Revere Sugar, First National Bank of Boston, U.S. Smelting & Refining. His Masonic memberships in Boston include St. John's Lodge, St. Andrew's Chapter, R.A.M., St. Bernard Commandery, K.T., 33 0 AASR (NJ) , and Aleppo Shrine Temple.

Lodge No. 15, Columbia Chapter No. 1, R.. A.M.; Columbia Commandery No.3, K.T. all of Washington, D.C. Kena Shrine Temple at Alexandria, Va. and National Sojourners at Dayton, Ohio. Allyn Cox Mural painter. b. June 5, 1896 in New York City.. Studied at National Academy of Design, Art Students' League, American Academy in Rome from 1911-20. Has been mural painter since 1921. In 1952 he was chosen by a congressional committee to finish the uncompleted frieze in the U.S. Capitol rotunda and he completed it in 1953. In 1954 he painted the 18 x 47 foot murals for the George Washington National Masonic Memorial, representing Washington laying the cornerstone of the u.s. Capitol and Washington celebrating St. John's Day in Philadelphia. In 1955 he painted the murals for the Royal Arch room of the Washington Memorial, and in 1957 the murals for the Cryptic room of the same memorial. Other works consist of ceilings of the W. A. Clark, Jr. Library of Los Angeles; panels of the law building of the Univ. of Virginia; Continental Bank and Cosmopolitan Club of New York City; S.S. America.; Guaranty Trust Co., N.Y. He has served as president of the National Society of Mural Painters; a fellow of the American Academy in Rome; an associate of the National Academy of Design; member of Fine Arts Federation of New York and trustee of the Abbey Fund. He served with the American Red Cross in Italy in 1918. He is a member of Holland Lodge No. 8 and Phoenix Chapter No.2 of New York City and Trenton Council No. 37, R. & S.M. Trenton, Mo.

Edward E. Cox (1880-1952) Con.. gressman, 69th to 81st Congresses (1925-51) from 2nd Georgia dist. b. April 3, 1880 at Mitchell Co., Ga. Be.. gan law practice in Camilla, Ga. in 1902. Mason. d. Dec. 24, 1952.

Channing H. Cox Governor of Massachusetts, 1921-24. b. Feb. 28, 1879 at Manchester, N.H. Member of lower house of Mass. from 1910-15 and speaker of same from 1915-18.

James M. Cox (1870-1957) Served three terms as Governor of Ohio (1913-15, 1917-19, 1919-21). b. ~arch 31, 1870, he was raised on a farm, worked in a printer's office and became a newspaper reporter. His newspaper chain included the Dayton Dairy News, Dayton Journal Herald, Springfield Sun, Springfield News, Miami (Fla.) Daily News, Atlanta (Ga.) Journa.l and Atlanta Constitution.. He also operated stations WIDO and WHIO-TV in Dayton, WSBand WSB-TV in Atlanta and WCKT and WCKR radio and TV stations in Miami, Fla. In 1920 he was the Demo.. cratic presidential nominee' with F. D. Roosevelt q.v. as his running mate. He was, however, defeated by another Ohio newspaper publisher, Warren G. Harding q.v. He was a member of the 61-63rd congresses :from 3rd Ohio dist. in 1909-13. He was a member of Jefferson Lodge No. 90, Middletown, Ohio, being raised June 1, 1891. d. July 15, 1957. Palmer Cox (1840-1) Artist. b. April 28, 1840 in Granby, Quebec, Canada. From 1863-75 he made San Francisco his home. In 1875 he settled


Samuel C. Crafts in New York where he followed his artistic pursuits. He distinguished himself chiefly by illustrating his own writings with characteristic drawings as shown in The Brownie Stories. He published Squibs of California, Hans VO'11.. PelteT's Trip to Gotham" How Colu.mbus Found America and That Stanley. He was past master of Mission Lodge No. 169, San Francisco, Calif. Richard F. Cox Brigadier General, U.S. Army. b. Feb. 26, 1886 at Graceville,. Minn. Graduated from Coast Artillery School in 1915 and was commissioned in 1910, advancing through grades to brigadier general in 1940, retiring in 1944. Mason.

of the Grand Lodge of England. An American landed-proprietor, he was appointed first provincial grand master for New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania in 1730 by the Duke of Norfolk. The following year he attended a meeting of the Grand Lodge of England and his health was drunk as "a provincial grand master for North America." There is unfortunately no record of any Masonic activity by Coxe in his province and it is unusual that his memoir in the Pennsylvania Gazette which was edited by Benjamin Franklin q.v'. made no mention of his membership. d. April 25, 1739.

William B. Coxe (1869-1927) Shipbuilder. b. Feb. 25, 1869 at Reading, Richard G. Cox President of Gulf Pa., he served apprenticeship as maPark College, Gulfport, Miss. since rine engineer in Scotland and Brem1919. b. Jan. 1, 1881 at Ebensburg, Pa. erhaven, Germany. As assistant genTaught in several colleges and was eral superintendent of Wm. Cramp at one time dean of Ward-Belmont & Sons Shipbuilding Co., Philadelin Nashville and president of Nash- phia, he delivered the battleship Retville College fOr" Young Women. He vizan and cruiser Variag to Russia was president of the 路American As- and the cruiser Kasagi to Japan. Was sociation of Junior Colleges in 1931, president of Harlan & Hollingsworth and president of the Mississippi As- Corp., Wilmington for 13 112 years and sociation of Colleges in 1948. Mason president of Reading Paper Mills Co. 0 Served in U.S. Navy in Spanishand 32 AASR. William R. Cox (1832-1919) Sol- American War. Mason. d. July 4, dier, Congressman and cotton planter. 1927. b. March 11, 1832 in Halifax Co., N. John G. Crabbe (1865-1924) ColCar. Brigadier general, C.S.A. in Civil lege president. b. Nov. 29, 1865 at War, he was wounded 11 times. He Mt. Sterling Ohio. Served as supt. served in the 47th to 49th Congresses of schools in Kentucky and as state (1881-87) and was secretaryo拢 the supt. of public instruction for that U.S. senate from 1893-99. He was state. President of Eastern Kentucky president of the Chatham Coal Field State Normal at Richmond, 1910-16, Railroad in 1866, and judge of the and president of Colorado State 6th district of N. Car. in 1877-80. He Teachers College, Greeley 拢rom 1916. served as grand master of the Grand Mason and 32 0 AASR (SJ). d. Jan. Lodge of North Carolina for four 20, 1924. years. He was a member of William S I C C 路ft F G amue . ra s ormer G. Hill Lodge No. 218. d. Dec. 26, 1919. V overnor and U.S. Senator from ermont. Daniel Coxe (1673-1739) First Member of Harmony Lodge No. 14, provincial grand master in America. St. Johnsbury, Vt. and also given as b. Aug. 31. 1673 in London, he' was member of Meridian Sun Lodge No. a member of Lodge No. 80n the roll 17 at Hardwick, Vt. 259

Aaron H. Cragin Kansas and later at McAlester until 1901, when he entered banking business. President of Oklahoma Bankers' Ass'n in 1904. Regent of Univ. of Oklahoma 1924-28. Initiated in Albert Pike Lodge No. 303, Wichita, Kans. Dec. 30, 1896. Received 33° AASR (8J) on Oct. 25, 1907, and made sovereign grand inspecto'r general for Oklahoma. d. Ju1y 14, 1926.

Aaron H. Cragin (1821-?) U.S. Senator from New Hampshire, 186577. b. Feb. 3, 1821 at Weston, Vt. Admitted to New York bar in 1847, removing to Lebanon, N.H. where he took up practice. Elected to N.H. state legislature, 1855-65. Was one of the commissioners appointed for the sale of the Hot Springs of Arkansas. Member of Franklin Lodge No. 6, Lehanon, N.H.

Isaac Craig Revolutionary Naval officer who served as a captain under John Paul Jones. Member of Military Lodge No. 19 (now Montgomery No. 19 of Philadelphia, P'a.) and was master of the lodge.

Thomas S. Crago (1866-1925) U.S. Congressman to 62nd (1911-13) and 64th to 67th Congresses (1915-23). Served in Spanish-American War in Pennsylvania Volunteers. Mason, 33 AASR (NJ). d. Sept. 12, 1925. 0

James E. Craig Editor. b. Oct. 8, 1881 at Norborne, Mo. Served as a reporter successively in Kansas City and St. Louis, editorial writer for St.. Louis POlst-Dispatch and then city editor for St. Louis Globe-DemocTlLt. After a stay as editor of Brownsville (Tex.) Herald in 1920, he went to New York where he became first, city editor of New Y orrk Evening Mail, editorial writer for New YOTk Sun, and chief editorial writer for that paper from 1940 until 1951 when it closed publication. He then became managing editor of the Protestant World, a new weekly tabloid. He has written the correspondence report for the Grand Lodge of New York, and with H. L. Haywood was co-author of History of FreemasOTt.Ty. Craig served as master of Mosaic· Lodge No. 418, New York in 1927, and was a charter member of the American Lodge of Research (N.Y.).

Burt J. Craig Vice President and Treasurer of Ford Motor Co. b. Aug. 7,1885 at Detroit, Mich. Was accountant with Ford £rom 1907-08; secretary, 1918-43; vice president and treasurer, 1943-46; and secretary, treasurer and trustee of Ford Foundation from 1946. A director in several other corporations. Mason.. Deceased. Cornelius A. Craig Former president of National Life and Accident Ins. Co. of Nashville (1902-32) . b June 15, 1868 at Pulaski, Tenn. Started as clerk and druggist and entered insurance business in 1896. Chairman of Board of National Life 1932-43, and chairman of executive committee from 1943. Son, Edwin W.. Craig q.v. now president. Mason.. Edwin W. Craig President of National Life and Accident Ins. Co., Nashville since 1943. Son of Edwin W. Craig q.v. fonner president. b. March 8, 1893 at Pulaski, Tenn.. With National Life since 1913. Mason and Shriner.

Frank Craig (1870-1926) President and founder of City National Bank) McAlester, Okla. b. April 29, 1870 at Ghent, Ky. Admitted to bar in 1891 and practiced first at Wichita,

Locke Craig (1860-1925) Governor of North Carolina, 1913-17. ,b. Aug. 16, 1860 in Bertie Co., N.C. Graduate of Univ. of N.C. and ad.. mitted to bar in 1883, practicing at Asheville. Member of N.C. lower house in 1899 and 1901. Raised in Mt. Hermon Lodge No. 118 at Asheville on July 2, 1891; suspended in 1895;


Kenneth F. Cramer reinstated in 1897; suspended in 1905 and 1909 but reinstated in a short time. At one time served as grand orator of Grand Lodge of North Carolina. d. June 9, 1925. Malin Craig (1875-1945) Full General, U.S. Army. b. Aug. 5, 1875 at St. Joseph, Mo. Commissioned an Infantry lieutenant in 1898, advancing through grades to brigadier general in 1924, major general, 1924, and full general in 1935. Retired in 1939. He served as chief-of-staff of the U.S. Army from 1935-39. A member of Union Lodge No.7, Junction City, Kans., he was made 32 0 AASR (SJ) in Albert Pike Consistory, Washington, D.C. on May 25, 1936 and received his KCCH on Oct. 19, 1937, but demitted on Nov. 19, 1940. d. July 25, 1945. William Craig (1807-1869) Plainsman, fur trader, Indian fighter and first homesteader of Idaho; was thought to have given the state its name. He was born in Greenbrier Co., Va. and was first settler in Idaho, being Nez Perce Indian agent in 1848, and interpreter at Walla Walla, Flathead and Blackfoot councils in 1855. He was a lieutenant colonel in the Washington Territory Volunteers and fought in the Indian Wars of 1861. He was first postmaster of Walla Walla in 1858. He married an Indian woman. Craig is thought to have been a member of Multono'mah Lodge No. 1 of Oregon City, Oreg.

George Washington, and attended him in his last illness. He named his son George Washington Craik q.v. b. in Scotland, he was educated to be a surgeon in the British anny, but came to Virginia early in life and accompanied Washington in the expedition against the French and Indians in 1754, attending Braddock in 1755 after his defeat and dressing his wounds. In the Revolution he rose to surgeon general of the C'ontinental Army and was first U.S. surgeon general. He was active in disclosing the conspiracy of 1777 to remove Washington as commander-in-chief, and in 1781, as director-general of the hospital at Yorktown, was present at the surrender of Cornwallis. After the war he removed to the neighborhood of Mount Vernon at Washington's request, and was one of the three physicians who attended him in his last illness. He was also present at the death. of Martha Washington. A member of Alexandria Lodge No. 22 at Alexandria, he was initiated when it was No. 39, under Pennsylvania charter. d. Feb. 6, 1814. Washington referred to him as "My compatriot in arms, myoId and intimate friend."

Kenneth F. Cramer (1894-1954) Major General, u.s. Army. b. Oct. 3, 1894 at Gloversville, N.Y. Graduate of Princeton Univ. in 1916 and 1917. He first taught school and later went into wholesale coal business, being president of the K. F. Cramer Coal George Washington Craik Son of Co., Inc. from 1927-52. Entered WWl Dr. James Craik, q.v. who was per- as a lieutenant in reserve corps and sonal physician of Geo(l"ge Washing- was discharged in 1919. Continuing ton and present at Washington's his reserve status, he was inducted death. Dr. Craik named his son for into army in 1941 and promoted to Washington and Washington educated brigadier general in 1942 and major him. He later served as private sec- general commanding 43rd Infantry retary to Washington. Member of Division in 1946. He was again reAlexandria Lodge No. 22, Alexandria, called to active duty in 1950 to comVa. mand that division, and was comDr. James Craik (1731-1814) Close manding general of the Southern friend and personal physician of Area Command from 1952 until his 261

William C. Cramer

death. Mason, 32째 AASR, Shriner and National Sojourner. d. Feb. 20, 1954. William C. Cramer U.S. Congressman 84th Congress from 1st Florida dist. b. Aug. 4. 1922. Graduate of Univ.. of North Carolina and Harvard. Admitted to Florida and Massachusetts bars in 1948 and practiced at St.. Petersburg. Member of Florida lower house 1950-52 and minority leader in 1951. Served as naval lieutenant in WW2. Charter member of Sunshine Lodge No. 288, St. Petersburg, Fla. and Sunshine Commandery No. 20, K.T. of the same city; 32째 AASR (SJ) at Tampa; Selama Grotto, National Sojourners, DeMolay, Eastern Star, Amaranth. LouisC. Cramton U.S. Congressman, 63rd to 71st Congresses (191331) from 7th Michigan dist.. b. Dec. 2, 1875 in Lapeer Co., Mich. Prac.. ticed law and published newspaper in Lapeer from 1899-1923. Served as clerk of state senate for three sessions and one term as state representative in 1909. Decorated by Serbia and Greece. Mason. Earl of Cranbrook Fourth earl on the earldom that dates back to, 1892, succeeding in 1915 on the death of his father.. He was only 15 at that time and was a student at Eton. He served as junior grand warden of the Grand Lodge of England in 1939. Charles H. Crandon Wholesale druggist. b. Nov. 9, 1886 at Acushnet, Mass. Organizer and president of The Crandon-Hunter Co., 1916-25 and president of Crandon Wholesale Drug Co. 1935-43. Vice president and director of 1st National Bank of Miami; president and director of The Cranter Corp.; president of Fairchild Tropical Garden. Active in Dade Co. (Fla.) civic improvement associations, and had a six million dollar park on Big.. cayne Key named in his honor. Mason and Knight Templar.

Arthur G. Crane Governor of Wyoming, 1949-51, and president of Univ. of Wyoming, 1922-41. b. Sept. 1, 1877 at Davenport Center, N.Y. Was supt. of schools in Minto, N. Dak.; principal of High School in Lewistown, Mont.; supt. of schools, Jamestown, N. Dak. and president of State Normal School, Minot, N. Dak., having built and organized the latter in 1912. He was later principal of the State Normal School at Edinboro, Pa. Mason.

Frank Crane (1861-1928) Journalist and minister. b.. May 12, 1861 at Urbana, Ill. Ordained a Methodist minister in 1882 and served as pastor at Trinity and Hyde Park churches in Chicago 1896-1903 and then at Union Congregational Church in Worcester, Mass. He entered journal.. ism in 1909' and was editorial writer for syndicate of 100 newspapers and edited Current Opinion. He is best known for his short common sense essays published in ten volumes (1920). Other writings were The Religio1't of Tomorrow, Vision, The Song of the Infinite, Human Confessions, God and Democracy, Lame and Lovely, Foot Notes to, Life, War and World Government, Just Hum'an, Adventures in Common Sense:t The Crane Classics (10 volumes) and others. He was a member of Home Lodge No. 508, Chicago, and served as grand chaplain of the Grand Lodge of Illinois. d. Nov. 6, 19'28. John Crane Member of the Boston Tea Party, served as a general in the Revolution and was made a Mason in American Union Lodge (Military) while encamped at West Point in 1781. Robert C. Crane Editor and publisher of Elizabeth (N.J.) Daily Jour.. nal since 1948. b. Sept. 25, 1920 at Pittsburgh, Pa., he graduated from Dartmouth in 1941. Became associated


John Crawford with the Daily J o1l,rnal in 1946. He is also director, president and treasurer of station WPO'E. Served overseas with Quartermaster Corps in WW2, advancing from private to captain. Mason and Shriner.

Earl of Crawford (John Lindsay, 20th Earl) Was grand master of the Grand Lodge of England (Moderns) in 1734. He was raised in the Lodge of Edinb,urgh in 1733, and five months afterwards was introduced to the English fraternity by the Earl of Strathmore, a captain in Barrel's Foot. Crawford succeeded Strathmore as grand master in 1734. He served as a colonel in the 3rd Regiment of Foot Guards and later in the 42nd Foot. Served with the Germans against France and with the Russians against the Turks. Afterwards he greatly distinguished himself at the battles of Dettigen and Fontenoy. He later commanded the 2nd Troop of Horse Grenadier Guards (1740) and was colonel of the Royal Regiment of North British Dragoons.

R. Newton Crane (1848-1927) Diplomat, journalist and lawyer. b. April 1, 1848 at Long Branch, N.J. Graduate of Wesleyan Univ. (Conn.), he started on the editorial staff of New... ark Daily Advertis!er, in 1867, and in 1869 founded with R. W. Gild.er the Newark Morning Register. In 1873 he became managing editor of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. From 1874-80 he was U.S. consul at Manchester, England. Admitted to Missouri bar in 1880 and called to English bar in 1894. He was representative of the U.S. in the South African deportation claims commission in 1901; chancellor of the Episcopal Diocese of Missouri in 1894; grand deacon of the Grand Lodge of England in 1908 and grand herald of the Great Priory of K.T. of England in 1907. d. May 6, 1927. David M. Crawford B,rigadier General, U.S. Anny. b. Oct. 10, 1889 at Flanders, N.J. Graduated from u.s. Military Academy in 1912 and rose to brigadier general in 1942. Was instructor in chemistry at West P'oint from 1916-21 and again from 1927-28. With the Signal Corps of army, serving as signal officer in Panama Canal Zone, II Corps Area, VII Corps, and communications chief coordinator of U.S. Joint Army-Navy Communications Board and Inter-Allied Combined Communications Board, 194246, retiring in 1946. Member of Hancock Lodge No. 311, Ft. Leavenworth, Kans. but was raised in summer of 1924 by Washington Lodge No.9, Freehold, N.J. Member of Albert Pike Consistory AAS,R (5J), Washington, D.C. and Almas Shrine Temple of Washington.

Harry J. Crawford (1867-1953) Oil executive and banker. b. Jan. 19, 1867 at Emlenton, Pa., he began as foreman for South Penn. Oil Co. in 1888. Became president of 1st National Bank of Emlenton and Oil City National Bank. He was chairman of the board of nine corporations, including Quaker State Oil Refining Corp,. and director of five others. Mason and 33 0 AASR (NJ). He presented a high school building to Emlenton, an administration building to Grove City College, and a home for the blind in Venango Co., Pa. d. in Nov., 1953. John Crawford (1746-1813) An M.D. who held a chair in the Medical College in Baltimore, Md. and was the first physician to introduce vaccination in Baltimore. b. May 13, 1746 in Ireland. He was the founder of the Baltimore General Dispensary, Bible Association of Baltimore and Maryland Society of Useful Knowledge. He was the first grand high priest of the Grand Chapter of Maryland. A member of Amicable Lodge No. 25, Baltimore, he served as master in 1799. From 1801-13 he served


Nelson A. Crawford as both grand master of the Grand Lodge of Maryland and grand commander of Knights Templar in the state. d. May 9, 1813. NeIson A. Crawford Editor and author. b. May 4, 1888 at Miller, S. Dak. Graduate of Iowa and Kansas Universities. Engaged in newspaper work in 1906, and then taught English and journalism in a number of colleges and universities. Managing editor of Kansas Industrialist 191426; editor Kansas Churchman, 191618; was director of information for U.S. Department of Agriculture from 1925-28. Has been editor in chief of Household magazine since 1928. As an author he has written a number of novels, fiction, poems and textbooks, and has edited a dozen other volumes. He has contributed to Encyclopedia Britannica, Columbia Encyclopedia, Reader's Digest~' Coronet, American and others. Member of Lafayette Lodge No. 16, Manhattan, Kansas. Demitted from chapter, council, commandery and consistory. Samuel J. Crawford (1835-1913) Governor of Kansas, 1865-69. b. April 15, 1835 in Lawrence Co., Ind. Admitted to bar in Indiana in 1856 and removed to Garnett, Kansas in 1859. Served as captain in 2nd Kansas Cavalry in 1861 and made colonel of 83rd U.S.C.T. in 1863, resigning in 1864. Was breveted brigadier general of volunteers in 1865 for "meritorious services." Farmed in Kansas from 1869. Member of Orient Lodge No.

and was grand treasurer of the Grand Lodge of Ireland from 1904 until his death. William M. Creasy Major General, U.S. Army. b. April 26, 1905 at Wilmington, N.C. Graduate of U.S. Military Academy in 1926. Advanced through grades to major general in 1950. Was chief of strategic planning staff of China-Burma-India Theater, 1944-45 and department commander of Service of Supply in China The.. ater, 1945. Chief chemical officer, Department of Army since 1954. Raised in St. John's Lodge, No.1, Wilmington, N.C. June 27, 1939. 32 AASR (SJ) in Army Consistory No.1, Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas. Member of Sahara Shrine Temple, Pine Bluff, Ark., National Sojourners and Court No. 38, Royal Order of Jesters. 0

Cecil W. Creel Agriculture expert. b. Oct. 22, 1889 at Angola, Ind. Began career at Agricultural Experiment Station, Purdue Univ. in 1911, and in 1912 went with the Indian Service, Dept. of Interior. In charge of campaign to stimulate food production in N.W. during WWl. Dean of Agriculture, Univ. of Nevada 194549'. Went with the Foreign Service dept. of Dept. of Agriculture in 1953, being sent to Israel. In 1954 became consultant to Foreign Operations Administration. Republican nominee for U.S. senate from Nevada in 1942. President of Association of Land

Grant Colleges in 1938. Raised Feb. 22, 1912 in Reno Lodge No. 13, Reno, 51, Topeka, Kansas. d. Oct. 21, 1913. Nev. Member of Reno Chapter No. William J. C. Crawley (1884-1916) 7, R.A.M.; Reno Council No.4, R. & Irish Masonic historian best known S.M., DeWitt Clinton Commandery for his work C,aementaria Hibernica. No.1, K.T.; 32 0 AASR (SJ) and He was a member of Scientific Lodge Kerak Shrine Temple, all of Reno. No. 250, Dublin, being raised in 1872. Past master of his council and past The lodge later merged with Trinity grand master of Grand Council R.& College No. 357. He served as master S.M. of Nevada. Past potentate of in 1876 and was secretary for seven Kerak Shrine Temple; past director years. He was grand secretary of the of Reno Court No. 33, Royal Order Grand Lodge of Instruction (Ireland) of Jesters, and past sovereign, Joan 264

Donald Crisp of Ark Conclave No. 38, Red Cross of Constantine. Joseph P. Creesey Commander of world-renowned clipper "Flying Cloud." Member of Philanthropic Lodge at Marblehead, Mass. Andrew E. Creesy Brigadier General, U.S. Marine Corps.. b. Nov. 7, 1893 at Beverly, Mass.. Graduate of U.S. Naval Academy in 1917, advancing through grades to brigadier general in 1944. Commanding general Office Q.M.C., Marine Corps Headquarters, Washington.. Mason. Adolphe Cremieux (1796-1880) French lawyer and politician. His real name was Isaac Moise. Was a member of the Chamber of Deputies 1842-48; 1849-51; 1869-70; 1871-75. He was minister of justice in 1848; 187071 and in 1875 was appointed senator for life. Member of Lodge Alsace Lorraine.

John Crerar (1827-1889) American businessman and philanthropist. b. in New York City, he endowed John Crerar Library in Chicago. He was a member of Holland Lodge No. 8, New York City (1857). Joaquin Crespo (1845-1898) Venezuelan General and twice President of Venezuela. b. in San Francisco, Cuba, he was a supporter of Guzman Blanco and served as figurehead president under Blanco's dominance from 1884-86. He led the revolution deposing President Andueza Palacio in 1892 and set up a dictatorship in 1892-94. Served again as president from 1894-98, this time being elected. He was killed in the unsuccessful defense of his successor, Ignacio Andrade q.",. Crespo was the 20th sovereign grand commander of the Supreme Council 33 0 AASR for Venezuela from 1894-98.

Ltd. since 1948. b. May 6, 190;1 in Nottingham, England. Became associated with the steamship line in 1916, and has been a director since 1951. Also director of several allied corporations. Mason. Leslie F. Crews Managment Consultant and Vice President of Montgomery Ward & Co. 1945-47. b. Nov. 19, 1896 at New Canton, Ill. Graduate of LaSalle Univ. in 1922. Began as a buyer for Marshall Field & Co. and later entered C.P.A. firm, going to Montgomery Ward in 1928. Has been management consultant since 1949. Member of New Canton Lodge No. 821, New Canton, Illinois, AASR at Minneapolis and Zuhrah Shrine Temple. Douglas Henry Crick Bishop, Church of England. Studied at Winchester College and later New College, Oxford, England. After his ordination, he served as chaplain to the Mersey Mission for Seamen for four years, followed by another four year period at the Maltby Main Colliery Village until 1916 when he became assistant master at Winchester College, leaving in 1918 ashousemaster at Bradfield College. Known as England's tallest bishop (6 ft. 4 in.). He succeeded the present Archbishop of Canterbury, Geoffrey Fisher q."'" as Bishop of Chester in 1939. He followed Fisher as grand chaplain of the Grand Lodge of England, holding the. position for two years. Lloyd K. Crippen Vice president of Acacia Mutual Life Insurance Co. since 1937. b. Jan. 4, 1895 at Jackson, Mich. Graduate of Univ. of Michigan in 1921. Joined Acacia Mutual in 1921. Raised March 3, 1923 in Osiris Lodge No. 26, Washington, D.C..

Donald Crisp Movie Actor. MemHerbert A. Cresswell Vice Presi- ber of Henry S.. anne Lodge No. 548, dent of Canadian Steamship Lines, Los Angeles,CaliÂŁ. 265

Francisco Crispi Francisco Crispi (1819-1901) Italian statesman and Premier of Italy in 1887-91 and 1893-96. b. at Ribera, Sicily. He aided Garibaldi q.v. in expedition to Sicily in 1860 and was first representative from Palermo to the Italian parliament in 1861. He was the leader of the radical Left and president of the Chamber of Deputies in 1876. In 1877-78 he was minister of interior. He advocated the Triple Alliance of Germany, Italy and Austria and sought Italian protectorate over Abyssinia. He was deposed after Italian defeat at Aduwa in 1896. According to Bulletin of International Masonic Congress, 1917, he was a Freemason.

Forces (G-2) , Central Europe since 1954. Mason and National Sojourner.

Daniel H. Crissinger (1860-1942) Governor of Federal Reserve Board, 1923-27. b. Dec. 10, 1860 in Marion Co., Ohio and began practice of law in Marion in 1886. Owner of several farms, he had supervision of National City B,ank & Trust of Marion, becoming president in 1920. From 192123 he was U.S. comptroller of currency. After resigning as governor of the Federal Reserve, he was chairman of the executive committee of the F. H. Smith Co., Washington from 1927 until his death. Mason, Knight Templar and Shriner. d. Ju1y 12:,1942. William E. Crist Brigadier General, U.S. Army. b. Aug. 10, 1898 at Harrisburg, Pa. Graduated U.S. Military Academy in 1920 and advanced through grades to brigadier general in 1951. He served on the War Dept. General Staff in Military Intelligence from 1939-43 and then became assistant division commander of the 91st Infantry division. He served on the U.S. Military Mission to Moscow in 1944 and with the military government of Okinawa in 1945. Later with First Army staff in N:'anking, China and Tokyo, Japan. Has been assistant chief of staff of the Allied Land

Arthur S. Crites (1879-1957) Banker. b. Feb. 4,1879 on Bear Moun.. tain, Kern Co., Calif. A self-made man of considerable weath, during his youth he rode the ranges as a cowboy, pulled the jerk line over an eight-horse plow, freighted on the Mojave Desert, worked in the hayfields on a hay baler and cut and hauled wood until 1898 when he rode 30 miles out of the mountains to volunteer for the war with Spain. Following the war he worked as a messenger for the Kern Valley Bank. He advanced in the California banking world to become president of several banks, which by merger, later became part of the Bank of America system. He served the Bank of America as executive vice president until 1932 when he retired to look after his extensive business and oil interests. Active in Republican politics, he was a delegate to several national conventions and took an active part in the work of the Republican central committee. He was a close personal friend of Chief Justice Earl Warren q.v. and Senator William Knowland q.v. In 1956 he attended the White House Conference on Education, serving as chairman of one of the panels. Crites was grand master of the grand lodge of California in 1923, grand commander of the Grand Commandery, K.T. of California in 1932. He served the grand lodge on the finance committee for 27 years and was treasurer of his blue lodge for 45 years. He died April 28, 1957, only a few days before he was scheduled to preside over the Red Cross of Constantine meeting as its national grand sovereign. John J. Crittenden (1787-1863) U.S. Senator from Kentucky, Governor of Kentucky and Attorney Genera! of the United States. b. Sept. 10,


Edward Croft 1787 in Woodford Co., Ky. He served four terms as U.S. senator-1817-19; 1835-41; 1842-48; 1855-61. He was U.S. attorney general in 1841 and again from 1850-53. He served as governor of Kentucky from 1848-50. In 1860 he introduced the "Crittenden Compromise" in the U.S. senate as a measure of conciliation hetween the North and South, but it was defeated in committee. He was a member of Lexington Lodge No.1, Lexington, Ky. and later of Russellville Lodge No. 17, Russellville. His nephew, Thomas T. Crittenden q.v. became governor of Missouri. d. July 26, 1863.

tered the service as a major of the 2nd Iowa Infantry in 1861. He fought at Shiloh, Vicksburg and was with Sherman in his Georgia campaign, commanding a division part of the time. He was suffering from consumption during the whole of his military duty. d. Aug. 26, 186S in Washington, D.C. Member of Pioneer Lodge No. 22, Des Moines, Iowa.


David Crockett (1786-1836) Ameri.. can frontiersman. b. Aug. 17, 1786 in Limestone, Tenn. His father was a veteran of the American Revolution and was of Irish birth. Unable to read or write, he was nevertheless a shrewd man. His ability to tell humorous stories and shoot a rifle enabled him to be elected to the U.S. congress from Tennessee for two terms, 1827-31 and 1833-35. He served under Jackson in the Creek War in 1813-14, but later opposed Jackson q.v. politically. Jackson had a strong following in western Tennessee, and Crockett eventually fell from popular favor and joined the Texans in their struggle for Independence. His life ended at the Alamo, where as one of the six survivors of a band of 140 Texans, he surrendered to Santa Anna q.'V'.~ only to be shot by order of that Mexican general on March 6, 1836,. Crockett is often referred to as a Mason, but no proof 0.拢 his membership has been found. In 1897 it was claimed that a Mr. E. M. Taylor of Paducah; Ky. was in possession of his Masonic apron. On April 21, 1936 the Grand Lodge o,f Texas dedicated a Masonic memorial on the San Jacinto (Tex.) battlefield. The plaque on the monument carried a list of 48 names, including that of Crockett, stating "A tribute' to the fidelity of pioneer Masons under whose outstanding leadership was laid the cornerstone of the Republic of Texas."

his second year, studied law and practiced in D'es Molnes, Iowa. He en-

Edward Croft (1875-1938) Major General, U.S. Army and路 Chief of In-

Robert Crittenden First Secretary of Arkansas Territory. When congress defined the Arkansas Territory in 1819, Robert Crittenden, a Kentucky Mason and charter secretary of Arkansas Post Lodge No. 59, was selected as territorial secretary. He

was also a member of Webb Royal Arch Chapter No.6, Versailles, Ky. Thomas L. Crittenden Union General of Civil War. Mason. Visited Ward Lodge, an army lodge, during the war. Thomas T. Crittenden (1832-1909) Governor of Missouri, 1881-85. b. Nov. 21, 1832 at Shelby Co., Ky. Served as lieutenant colonel in 7th Missouri Cav. from 1862 until close of Civil War, practicing law after the war. He filled an unexpired term as attorney general of Missouri, and was a member of congress in 1877-81 from the 7th Missouri dist. He was U.S. consul at Mexico City, Mexico, 1893-97. Belonged to Masonic bodies in Kentucky. Marcellus M. Crocker (1830-1865) Union Brigadier General of Civil War. b. Feb. 6, 1830 in Franklin, Ind. He entered the Military Academy in 1847, but left at the end of





ment from Lincolnshire for over 30 years, and at one time was leader of the House of Commons and Lord Privy Seal. In 1934 he was appointed Parliamentary Undersecretary to the Home Office and became successively Secretary for Mines, Financial Secretary to the Treasury and Postmaster General. He served the Grand Lodge of England as senior grand deacon in 1935 and junior grand warden in 1947. In the Grand Chapter, Royal Arch Masons of England he was past grand sojourner in 1935, and grand superintendent for Lincolnshire in 1946. He served the Mark Grand Lodge of England as grand senior warden in 1943. A Knight Templar, he was first grand constable in 1941. He is a member of the supreme council 33 0 AAR.

fantry, U.S.A. 1933-38. b. July 11, 1875 at Greenville, S.C. Commissioned in 1898, advancing through grades to major general in 1933. Mason. d. Jan. 28, 1938.

Frederick S. Crofts (1883-1951) Book publsher. b. Jan. 10, 1883 at Hudson, N.Y. Managed the educational department of Harper & Brothers from 1919-24, and founded the F. S. Crofts & Co. in Oct. of the latter year, being president and director. He was also vice president and director of Appleton-Century Crofts, Inc., and a director of Cornell Univ. Press and Comstock Publishing Co. Mason. d. Sept. 16, 1951. William M. Croll (1866-1929) U.S. Congressman to 68th Congress (192325) ÂŁrom 14th Pennsylvania dist. b. April 9, 1866 in Upper Macungie, Pa. Engaged in general merchandise and clothing business. Mason, 32 AASR (NJ). d. O'ct. 22, 1929.

Marshall F. Cropley (1882-1957) Vice President of Matson Navigation Co. from 1947. b. May 26, 1882 in San Jose, Calif. Worked as a stenographer for Rock Island Railroad, cashier of Alaska Pacific Steamship Co., general agent for Pacific Steamship Co. and later became manager. Went with Matson as assistant freight traffic manager in 1925. Mason and Shriner. d. Aug. 28, 1957.


George, Earl of Cromarty Scottish nobleman who succeeded William St. Clair as the 2nd Grand Master Mason of Scotland in 1737. He afterwards engaged in the rebellion of 1745, and, with 400 of his clan, took part in the Battle of Falkirk. He and his son, Lord Macleod, were taken prisoners. Both pleaded guilty, but were pardoned. Harry F. C. Crookshank British politician. b. May 27, 1893. Attended Eton as King's Scholar and.later Magdalen College, Oxford. He served throughout WW1, first with the Hampshire regiment and ÂŁrom 1915 with the Grenadier Guards. Was twice wounded. He entered the diplomatic service after the war and was third secretary in the foreign office and in 1921 was 2nd secretary at Constantinople. In 1924 he was stationed at the British Embassy in Washington, D.C. His mother was of American birth. He has served as a member of Parlia-

Harley N. Crosby (1873-1955) Presiding Justice, Supreme Court of New York, 1940-43. Retired. b. June 25, 1873 at Parish, N.Y. Graduate of Cornell and Syracuse universities. Justice of supreme court from 192228 and associate justice appellate division, 1929-39. Member of Republican Lodge No. 325, Parish, N.Y. William G. Crosby (1806-1881) Governor of Maine for two terms beginning in 1853. Graduate of Bowdoin and practiced law in Belfast. He was prominent in promoting the public school system of Maine. Member of Timothy Chase Lodge No. 126, Belfast and, master of his lodge twice.


Wilbur L. Cross Bert S. Cross Vice president 0'£ Minnesota Mining and Mfg. Co. since 1948. b. Oct. 16, 1905 in Superior, Wis. Began as office boy for General Mills in Minneapolis, going with Minn. Mining and Mfg. Co. in 1926 where he was successively manager of the abrasive division, new products manager, and general manager of scotchlite division. He holds several patents in the field of abrasives, paper, printing, coating and scotchlite reflectors. Member of Ancient Landmark Lodge No.5, St. Paul, Minn.; Minnesota Chapter No.1, R.A.M.; Damascus Commandery No.1, K.T. and Osman Shrine Temple, all of St. Paul, Minn. Burton M. Cross Governor of Maine in 1953. b. Nov. 15, 1902 in Augusta, M.aine. He began as a florist in Augusta and now president of Cross Flowers, Inc. in Farmingdale. Member of the Maine lower house in 1940-43 and state senate from 1944-52, serving as maj ority floor leader in 1946-49 and president of the senate 1948-52. Mason, 32 AASR (NJ) and Shriner. 0

1863. A member of North Star Lodge No.8, Lancaster, N.H. Jeremy L. Cross (1783-1861) Masonic ritualist and organizer. b. in Haverhill, N.H. on June 27, 1783, he was made a Mason in St. John's Lodge No.1, Portsmouth, N.H. in 1808 and affiliated with Hiram Lodge No. 1, New Haven, Conn. in 1818. He received the Mark Master degree in Aurora Mark Master Lodge No.7, Bradford, Vt. and the Royal Arch degree in Champlain Chapter No.2, St. Albans, Vt., in July, 1815. Admitted to Harmony Council No.8, New Haven, Conn. on Oct 16, 1818, serving as master in 1822 and 1827. He was knighted in St. John's Commandery, K.T. No.1, Providence, R.I. in 1819. Received 33° AASR. He organized a number of councils of royal and select masters throughout the country. His education was poor, but his memorizing of the work enabled him to teach in all the recognized divisions of Masonry. His True Masonic Chart OT' Hieroglyphic Monitor, which went through at least two dozen editions, is his greatest contribution. He worked with another famous ritualist, Thomas Smith Webb q.'V. for a time.

Edward E. Cross (1832-1863) Journalist and soldier. b. April 22, 1832 in Lancaster, N.H. He began as a Sir Ronald Cross Go,vemor of Tasjourneyman printer, going to Cincin- mania. Initiated in Fidelity Lodge No. nati in 1852 and becoming editor of 63, Tasmania, in 1953 while serving the Cincinnati Times in 1854. He was' as governor. employed as an agent of the St. Louis and Arizona Mining Co.. and subseWilbur L. Cross (1862-1948) Four quently became a large sto:ckholder. times Governor of Connecticut, 1931In 1860 he held a lieutenant colonel's 39. b. April 10, 1862 at Mansfield, commission in the Mexican army, and Conn. A.B. and Ph.D. degrees from when the news of the attack on Fort Yale, and honorary degrees from. 12 Sumter reached him, he resigned and universities and colleges. Was a prohastened to Concord, N.H. where he fessor of English, author and editor. recruited a regiment and was made Dean of Yale graduate school from its colonel. The regiment distin- 1916-30. Wrote eight books on biogguished itself in many battles and raphy and edited a score of classics. was lmown as the UFighting Fifth." Raised in Trumbull Lodge No. 22, He was mortally· wounded at the New Haven, Conn. on Aprll 21, 1932. battle of Gettysburg, and died July 2, d.. Oct. 5, 1948. 269

Horace Crotty Horace Crotty (1886-1951) Bishop of Church of England. b. O'ct. 8, 1886, at Bleasby, near Nottingham. Educated in Australia, graduating from Melbourne Univ. with honors. He entered the holy orders in 1909, being appointed vicar of Ivanhoe, Melbourne and later rector of St. Thomas in North Sydney. Served in WWl in France with the Australian expeditionary forces and on his return was appointed dean of Newcastle (N.S.W.). He was consecrated bishop of Bathhurst (N.S.W.) in 1928 and served until his resignation in 1936. He served as grand chaplain of the Grand Lodge of New South Wales and provincial grand chaplain in England. d. Jan. 16, 1951. William E. Crow (1870-1922) U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania, 1921-23. b. March 10, 1870 at Fayette Co., Pa. Admitted to bar in 1895. Member of state senate three terms. Member of Fayette Lodge No. 228, Uniontown,. Pa. d. Aug. 2, 1922. Benjamin W. Crowninshield (17721851) Secretary of the Navy under Madison and Monroe.. b. Dec. 27, 1772 in Boston, Mass. He engaged in business in Salem, Mass. and during the War of 1812, commanded several ships. He was state senator in 1811 and appointed secretary of Navy in 1814 by Madison, resigning in 1818. He returned to the state senate in 1822-23 and was elected to U.S. congress from 1823-31. Member of Essex Lodge, Salem, Mass. d. Feb. 3, 1851. Frank Crowther (1870-1955) Congressman to 66th to, 77th Congresses (1919-43) from 30th New York dist. b. July 10, 1870 at Liverpool, England. Graduate of Harvard Dental School in 1898. Mason. d. July 20, 1955.

1837 in Bourbon Co., Ky. He graduated from Yale in 1857 and was admitted to bar in 1858, practicing in Paris, Ky. from 1859. In 1861 he began raising Union troops and was made an officer, rising to major general. He participated in the battles of Shennan's army, and at the close of the war was put in command of the military district of southwest

Georgia. He resigned from the army in 1865 and returned to Kentucky

where he resumed the practice of law. He was named minister to Bo.. livia in 1873 and accepted the office in 'the expectation that it would be beneficial to his health, but it was too late and died in La Paz, Bolivia April 16, 1874. He was given Masonic buriaL Lee Croce (1863-1933) Governor of Oklahoma, 1911-15. b. July 8, 1863 in Crittenden Co., Ky. Began law practice in Ardmore, Indian Territory in 1891, and went with the Ardmore Nalional Bank in 1901, becoming president of it in 1903. Mason and 32 0 AASR (8J). d. Jan. 16,1933. Robert T. Crucefix (1797 ..1850) The doctor was both an M.D'. and LL.D. and founded what is now the Royal Masonic Benevolent Institution in England. He started The Freemasons' Quarterly Review in 1843 to promote the cause of the home for aged and decrepit Freemasons, and on his motion in 1837, :the Grand Lodge of England recommended the home. However the Duke of Sussex was opposed to the idea, favoring an annuity fund. Dr. Crucefix used some intemperate words at a meeting and in 1839 was suspended for six months. He then wrote a strong letter to the grand master and was ordered to appear at a special meeting of the grand lodge and apologize or be expelledhe apologized. d. Feb. 25, 1850.

John T. Croxton (1837-1874) Union Major General in Civil War and Charles Cruft (?-1883) Union MaU.S. Minister to Bolivia. b. Nov. 20, jor General in Civil War. He was 270

Ernest Augustus, Duke of, Cumberland commissioned an officer of volunteers from Indiana in 1862, and became major general in 1865. He served with distinction in the battles fought, near Richmond, Ky. on Aug. 29-30, 1862, commanding a brigade. His Masonic memberships were in Terre Haute, Ind. Lodge No. 19; Chapter, R.A.M. No. 11; Council R. & S.M. No.8; and Commandery No. 16, K.T. of which he was past commander. He also was grand commander of the Grand Commandery, Knights Templar of Indiana in 1873. d. March 23, 1883. Thomas Cruse (1857-1943) Brigadier General, U.S.. Army. b. Dec. 29, 1857 at Owensboro, Ky. He graduated from U.S. Military Academy in 1879. Commissioned in that year, he advanced through the grades to brigadier general in 1917. He was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for "distinguished gallantry in action with hostile Indians" in 1882. Mason. d. June 8,1943.

reviving interest in classic monuments and study. He has served as a public relations consultant for various Balkan and European countries.. In 1939 he visited Panama at the invitation of the governor to write a historic guide of that country (This Is Panama). He has been a news analyst for National Broadcasting Co.. since 1951. Mason. Charles A. Culberson (1855-1925) U.S. Senator and Governor of Texas. b. June 10, 1855 at Dadeville, Ala. He settled'in Texas in 1856 and practiced law at Dallas from 1887. Served two terms as governor of Texas, 189498 and four terms as U.. S. senator from Texas, 1899-192'3. Memb,er of Jefferson Lodge No. 36, JeffersoIl, Texas and Ben Hur Shrine Temple of Austin. d. March 19, 1925.

Walter B. Cruttenden (1873-1949) Insurance executive. b. Jan. 27, 1873 at Madison, Conn. Graduate of Yale and engaged in practice of law from 1896-1900.. Vice president and director of Fire & Marine Ins. Co. from 1924; same for Sentinel Fire Ins. Co. from 1926; New England Fire Ins. Co. from 1927; Michigan Fire & Marine Ins. Co. since 1927; N.E. Casualty Ins. Co. from 1939. Mason, 32째 AASR. d. Sept. 5, 1949.

Frank. P. Culver, Jr. Justice, Supreme Court of Texas since 1953. b. Sept. 25, 1889 at Birmingham, Ala. Graduate of Vanderbilt and Texas universities. Began practice of law at Ft. Worth in 1914. From 1928 he served as district judge, associate justice of court of civil appeals. Served in both WWl and WW2. Raised in Julian Field' Lodge No. 908, Fort Worth, Texas in 1914, serving as master in 1922 and district deputy grand master in 1936. Member of Texas Chapter, R.A.M. and Worth Commandery, K.T. as well as Moslah Shrine Temple, all of Fort Worth.

Samuel H. Cuff Writer and news analyst. b. Oct. 17, 1901 in American colony at Jerusalem. He was taken as a hostage by the Turks in the evacuation of Jerusalem in 1917, and acted as hostage-interpreter for them. In 1927 he organized the Travel Institute of Bible Research in New York, London and Jerusalem. From 1932-35 he assisted the Greek government in cooperation with Princeton Univ. and Brooklyn Museum in

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1771-1851) First King of Hanover serving from 1837-51. He was a son of King George III of England. Was created Duke of Cumberland in 1799, the title previously being held by his uncle Henry Frederick q.v.. who was grand master of England. He became King of Hanover on the separation of the English and Hanoverian crowns in 1837 upon the accession of Victoria as queen of Eng-


Henry Frederick H.R.H., the Duke of Cumberland land~

lIe was $ucceeded on the throne by his son George V q.v., who ruled until 1866 when Hanover was an.. nexed to Prussia. He was initiated at a special meeting held in the house of the Earl of Moira q.v., the acting grand master, on May 11, 1796. He was elected granp. master of the Grand Lodge of Hanover on Nov. 1, 1828.

since 1951. b. March 16, 1904 in New York City. He graduated from Harvard in 1926. Served as officer in Navy during WW2. Mason.,

Henry Frederick H.R.H., the Duke of Cumberland (1745-1790) Brother of King George lIT of England. He was initiated in Royal Lodge No. 313 (later Royal Alpha No. 16) on Feb. 10, 1767. He was the first grand master of the Grand Lodge of England of royal blood, serving from 1782-90. At that time (April, 1782) the grand lodge resolved "that whenever a prince of the blood did the society the honour to accept the office of grand master, he should be at liberty to nominate any peer of the realm to be acting grand master." Thus was created the office of pro-grand master. William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-1765) Third son of George ll, King of England and Queen Caroline. Educated for the navy, he was privy councilor in 1742. He was commander-in-chie拢 of the British, Hanoverian, Austrian and Dutch forces that unsuccessfully engaged Marshal Saxe at Fontenoy in 1745. He quelled the Jacobite uprising headed by Prince Charles Edward, and suppressed Jacobitism with utmost severity, thus acquiring the nickname of "The Butcher." He was again defeated by Saxe at Lauffeld in 1747 and defeated by d'Estress at Hastenbeck in 1757, thus capitulating Hanover. After this he retired to private life. He was initiated in 1743. b. April 26, 1721. d. Oct. 31,1765. Thayer Cumings Vice president and director of the advertising firm of Batten, Barton, Durstine & Osborn

Homer S. Cummings (1870-1956) Attorney General of U.S. under Franklin Roosevelt, 1933-39'. b. April 30, 1870 at Chicago, Ill. Graduate of Yale, he practiced at Stamford, Conn. from 1893 until 1923 and since 1939. Delegate to National Democratic Convention seven times, delivering keynote speech in 1920. He was floor leader for F. Di. Roosevelt in 1932. As at.. torney general he was the author and sponsor of many reforms in the Department of Justice and Federal judicial system, including new rules of civil procedure, creation of adminis.. trative office for federal courts, juvenile delinquency act; he extended and improved prison system, established Alcatraz; called national conference on crhne; ~dened scope of Feder~ power in matter of kidnapping and inter-state crime. He was raised in Hiram Lodge No.1, New Haven, Conn. Aug. 5, 1892. d. Sept. 10, 1956.

o. Sam Cummings Organizer of Kiwanis, International. b. July 9, 1893 in Evanston, ill. Owner of O. Sam Cummings Agency (ins.), and state agent for Kansas City Life Ins. Co. in Texas. He is recognized internationally for development of Kiwanis organization in the U.S. ahd Canada. He was first international executive secretary of the Kiwanis clubs of the u.s. and Canada from路 1918-21, and international president in 1928. Mason. Albert B. Cummins (1850-1926) U.S. Senator and Governor of Iowa. b. Feb. 15, 1850 at Cannichaels, Pa. Admitted to illinois bar in 1874 and practiced in Chicago until 1878, when he removed to Des Moines, Iowa. He served in the Iowa lower house in 1888, and was governor of Iowa three


Andrew G. Curtin

u.s. senator from Iowa from 1908-27. He succeeded Calvin Coolidge as president of the senate in 1923. Member of Capitol Lodge No. 110, Des Moines and ZaGa-Zig Shrine Temple of Des Moines. d. July 30, 1926., terms (1902-08), and

First practiced at Grand Rapids and Grand Haven, Mich. and in Des Moines since 1920. Served as first lieutenant in WW1. Mason. William Cunningham (?-1791) English Captain and Provost Marshal of the American Revolution who was notorious for his treatment of American prisoners. He arrived in New York in 1774, where he broke horses and gave riding lessons. His conduct was obnoxious to the Whigs in New York and he fled to Boston where he attracted the attention of General Thomas Gage, who appointed him provost marshal. In 1778 he had charge of the prisons in Philadelphia and later of those in New York. In both places his cruelties to the prisoners became notorious. More than 250 were hanged without trial and 2,000 starved to death. His only known virtue was in the recovery of the stolen jewels, books and records of Lodges No.2 and 3 in Philadelphia. His own lodge is not known, but he was a visitor to Lodge No.. 3 on O路ct. 10, 1777. Later he resided in London where he became dissipated, and for forging a draft was convicted and executed on Aug. 10, 1791.

Robert R. Cummins Railroad executive. b. Sept. 30, 1884 at Marion,

Ala. Began with Central of Georgia Railroad in 1909. Presently president and director of S路ylvania Central Railway, Albany Terminal Co., Macon Terminal Co., Chatham Terminal Co., and Central of Georgia Motor Transport Co. Vice president and director of three other terminal companies. Mason.

Albert B. Cunningham Author and educator (pen name of Garth Hale). b. June 22, 1888 at Linden, W. Va. Served as dean of Lebanon Univ. and College of Puget Sound, and has taught English at Washington State, State Teachers College, Shippensburg, Pa. and has been professor of English at Texas Technical College since 1929. He has written 23 fiction books such as Singing Mountains, Old Black Bass:1 Murder at Deer Lick, Murder at the Schoolhouse, The Strange Death of Manny Square, Murder Before Midnight, After The Storm, The Victorry of Paul Kent, and others. Member of Village Lodge No. 274, Burton, Ohio, but now demitted.

George R. Currie Justice of Supreme Court of Wisconsin since 1951. b. Jan. 16, 1900 at Princeton, Wis. Graduate of Univ. of Wisconsin in 1925. Practiced law in Sheboygan from 1925-51. Mason.

Edward H. Cunningham (18691930) Member of Federal Reserve Board, 1923-30. b. Dec. 14, 1869 at Burlington, Wis. Farmed in Iowa from 1889. He was a member of the lower house of Iowa three terms, 1909-13 and speaker of house in 1913. Mason. d. Nov. 28, 1930.

Paul H.. Cunningham U.S. Congressman to 77th to 8Ist Congresses (1941-51) from Iowa. b. June 15, 1890 in Indiana Co., Pa. Admitted to Michigan bar in 1915 and Iowa bar in 1920.

Charles F. Curry (1858-1930) U.S. Congressman, 63rd to 71st Congresses (1913-31) from 3rd California dist. b. March 14, 1858. Member of the California Assembly in 1887 and superintendent of Station B. postoffice in San Francisco from 1890-94. Secretary of State of California in 1899-1911. Mason. d. Olct. ~O, 1930. Andrew G. Curtin (1815-1) Governor of Pennsylvania, 1860~65. b. April 22, in Bellefonte, Pa. He was


Carl T. Curtis 1892 at San Bernardino, Calif. Gradu.. ate of Univ. of California and George Washington Univ. Commissioned 2nd lieutenant in 1917 and advanced through grades to brigadier general in 1944. Chief disbursing officer of supply department U.S. Marine Corps at Washington from 1946.. Member of the bar in California and District of Columbia, and admitted to practice in supreme court. Dual membership in Sojourners Lodge No. 51, Washington, D.C. (1941) and life member of International Lodge (Mass.) of Peking, China (1928). 32° AASR, Peking, China in 1929. Member of Almas Shrine Temple, Washington, D.C. National president of National Sojourners, 1948-49 and national sec.. retary-treasurer-editor of same, 194953.

admitted to the bar in 1839. Was appointed secretary of the commonwealth and ex-officio superintendent of common schools in 1854, and did much toward reforming the public school system of P'ennsylvania. As governor he instituted a system of caring for the children of men killed in the Civil War, and thus became known in the ranks as "the soldiers friend." President Grant appointed him minister to Russia in 1869. He served in the U.S. congress three consecutive terms from 1881.. 1887. Member of Bellefonte Lodge No. 268, Bellefonte, Pa.

Carl T. Curtis U.S. Congressman 76th to 80th Congresses (1939-49) from Nebraska. b. March 15, 1905 at Minden, Nebr. Began law practice in Minden in 1930. Raised in Minden Lodge No. 127, Minden, Nebr. and 32°, KCCH in AAS,R (SJ) at Hastings. Member of Tehama Shrine Temple at Hastings and Royal Order of Jesters. Jesse W. Curtis Justice, Supreme Court of California for terms 1926-50, retiring in 1945. b. July 18, 1865 in San Bernardino, Calif. Began practice of law at San B,ernardino in 1891, serving as judge and district attorney of several courts. Mason and Knight Templar. John J. Curtis (1857-1931) Publisher. b. Jan. 21, 1857 at Indianapolis, Ind. Became vice president of Bowen, Stewart & Co. (now Bobbs-Merrill & Co.) book publishers.. Was known as "dean of modern book advertising" and originator of colored pictorial book jackets. Mason. d. July 22, 1931.

Sir Lucius Curtis Admiral of English Navy. Initiated in Phoenix Lodge No. 257, Portsmouth, Eng. June 13, 1827, serving as master in 1833 and provincial grand master from 1840-57. Merritt B. Curtis Brigadier Genereral, U.S. Marine Corps. b. Aug. 31,

Newton M. Curtis (1835-?) Union Major General in Civil War. b. May· 21, 1835 in DePeyster, N.Y. On April 14, 1861 he enrolled a company of volunteers from New York and was made their captain. During the prog.. ress of the war he was advanced through the ranks to major general of volunteers in Oct., 1864. He served in·· the Army of the Potomac, commanded a brigade in the B,attle of Cold Harbor, and was known as the "hero of Ft. Fisher." In 1865 he was given command of southwest Vir.. ginia with headquarters at Lynchburg, and was mustered out of service on Jan. 15, 1866. He later served as a member of the New York legislature, special agent of the u.s. Treasury and collector of customs. He received his degrees in Ogdensburg, N.Y., and his chapter degrees there on St. John's Day, Dec.. , 1858. He became a member of DeMolay Commandery No.4, Lynchburg, Va. about the close of the Civil War. Oakley C. Curtis (1865-1924) Gov.. ernor of Maine, 1915-16. b. March 29, 1865 at Portland, Me.. He was man..


Richard R. Czerwonky ager of Randall & McAllister,wholesale coal from 1894; served in the state house of representatives 190304; state senator, 1905-08 and was mayor of Portland from 1911-14. Mason, 32° AASR (NJ). d. Feb. 22, 1924.

ury by President Tyler, but the senate refused to seat him. He "vas subsequently confirmed as conlmissioner to China and made the first treaty between that country and the U.S. In 1847 he raised a regiment for the Mexican War at his own expense, and eventually became brigadier general. In 1853 President Pierce appointed him U.S. attorney general, and he held that office until he retired in 1857. Later he was sent to Bogota on a special diplomatic mission, and served as minister to Spain. He was a member of St. John's Lodge, Newburyport, Mass. d. Jan. 2, 1879.

Sir Roger Curtis Admiral in British Navy. Made a Mason in Phoenix Lodge No. 257, Portsmouth, Eng. on Aug. 1, 1787. Samuel R. Curtis (1807-1866) Union Major General in Civil War. b. Feb. 3, 1807 in New York state, he graduated from U.S. Military Academy in 1831, but resigned from army in 1832 and became a civil engineer. He then studied law and practiced in Ohio from 1841-46. Active in the state militia, he was adjutant general of Ohio, and organized volunteers for the Mexican War. He served as colonel in that war, and was governor of Saltillo, Mexico in 1847-48. Elected to congress for three terms beginning in 1857, he resigned in 1861 to become colonel of the 2nd Iowa regiment. He was in charge of a large camp of instruction near St. Louis in 1861 and commanded the southwestern district of Mo. He gained a decisive victory at Pea Ridge, Ark. against Generals Price and McCulloch, and was promoted to major general in 1862. He later commanded Fort Leavenworth and defeated General Price's army, and at close of war was commander of the department of the Northwest. A Mason, he was buried by the Knights Templar. d. Dec. 26, 1866.

Nathania! Cushing (1753-18114) Major of the American Revolution who was first master of Fanners Lodge No. 20, Belpre, Ohio. b. April 8, 1753 in Pembroke, Mass. Fought with Massachusetts troops from 1775-1782 and at close of war moved to Belpre, Ohio. d. Aug. 1814.

Caleb Cushing (1800-1879) Brigadier General of Mexican War and Attorney General of U.S. (1853.. 57). b. Jan. 17, 1800 at Salisbury, Mass., he graduated from Harvard in 1817, studied law and practiced at Newburyport, Mass. He served several terms in the state senate and house of representatiave's and was elected four terms to u.s. congress. He was nominated as secretary of the Treas-

William Cushing (1732-1810) First appointed Justice of U.S. Supreme Court (1789). In 1796 Washington named him chief justice, but he declined. b. March 1, 1732 in Scituate, Mass., he graduated from Harvard in 1751, studied law with Jeremy Gridley q.v. and became attorney general for Mass. In 1772 he became judge of the Massachusetts superior court and chief justice in 1777. In 1780 he was chosen the first chief justice '0ÂŁ the state under the state constitution. He was one of the founders of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1780 and was vice president of the Mass. convention that ratified the federal constitution. Member of St. Andrew's Lodge, Boston, Mass. d. Sept. 13, 1810. Nathan Cutler Former Governor of Maine. Member of Maine Lodge No. 20, Farmington, Maine. Was delegate to the grand lodge in 1919.


Richard R. Czerwonky (1886-1949)

Richard R. Czerwonky

Violin virtuoso. b. May 23, 1886 at Birnbaum, Posen, Germany. He made his debut with the Philharmonic orchestra in Berlin in 1910 and played throughout Europe. He was assistant concertmaster of the Boston Symphony in 1907-08 and concertmaster and soloist for Minneapolis Symphony 1909-18. From 1918..32 he was head of the violin dept. of the Bush Con-

servatory of Music in Chicago and was vice president of the Chicago Conservatory from 1932-35. He founded the Women's Symphony Orchestra of Chicago and was conductoroÂŁ the Chicago Philharmonic from 1925..45. Composed extensively for violin, piano, voice and orchestra. Czerwonky became a citizen in 1915. Mason, 32 AASR and Shriner. d. April 16, 1949.



D Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca (1827ffippolyte J. DaCosta (?-1823) Masonic victim of the Inquisition. A 1892) First president of Brazil (1889native of Colonia-do-Sacramento on 1891). A Brazilian general, he was the River La Plata, he was made a active in the war with Paraguay in Freemason in Philadelphia, Pa. He 1868-70; served as governor of Rio settled in Lisbon and came to Eng- Grande do SuI, 1887-89 and leader land in 1802 to negotiate a treaty in the movement against Emperor between the grand lodges of England Dom Pedro which dethroned him in and Portugal, whereby the brethren 1889 and placed da Fonseca in as prounder each jurisdiction also enjoyed visional president. He was sovereign the privileges of the other. On his grand commander of the Grand return he was arrested by the In- Orient. quisition and kept in solitary confineDavid Daggett (1764-1851) U.S. ment for six months and after three years imprisonment, was able to ef- Senator and Chief Justice, Supreme fect his release through some Eng- Court of Connecticut. b. Dec. 31, 1764 lish Freemasons. He then dwelt in at Attleborough, Mass. He graduated England the re'st of his life. Sources from Yale in 1783 and practiced law do not agree on his lodge affiliations in New Haven, Conn. Was member in England. Some say it was the of state legislature from 1791-1813; Lodge of the Nine Muses No. 325 elected U.S. senator in 1813, serving while others say he joined Antiquity until 1819.. From 1826-32 he was judge Lodge in 1808, and Inverness Lodge of the Conne'cticut supreme court, (now Royal Somerset House and In- and chief judge until 1834. He was verness No.4) on Feb. 2, 1815. In initiated in Hiram Lodge No.1, New .1813 he was appointed provincial Haven on June 21, 1891, serving as master from 1796-99 and deputy grand grand master for Rutlandshire-a master of the Grand Lodge of Concurious appointment, for at that time necticut from 1798-1810. d. April 12, there were no Masonic lodges in the 1851. county. In 1819 he was one of a notable trio, which included the Duke Benjamin D. Dagwell Episcopal of Sussex q.v. and the Duke of Lein- Bishop. b. July 21, 1890 at Susquester q.v., grandmasters of England and hanna, Pa. Ordained deacon in 1916 Ireland, respectively, to whom a and priest in 1917, and bishop of the patent was issued by the French Su- diocese of Oregon since 1936. He preme Council of the Ancient and served churches in Keyport, N.J., Accepted Rite, constituting them a Pueblo, Colo. and Denver. Raised in supreme council for the British Isles Caesarea Lodge No. 64, Keyport, N.J. and possessions. The project, however, about 1918 and presently a member came to nothing at that time. In 1811, of Imperial Lodge No. 159, Portland, he published an account of his suffer- Oreg. Served as grand chaplain of ings at the hands of the Inquisition. the Grand Lodge of Oregon. 32째 277 e

John A. Dahlgren 1939 the charter and lodge effects were smuggled out of China on a submarine by the senior warden, Mohammed Nemazee, an Indian brother, and taken to Hong Kong. In June, 1947, the lodge was reconstituted at Fareham, England, and Capt. Daintree, in his 87th year, was present again at its rebirth. Daintree was past grand deacon of the Grand Lodge of England.

AASR (SJ) and KCCH at Portland, Oregon. Member of Al Kader Shrine Temple, Portland and served as chaplain. John A. Dahlgren (1809-1870) Union Rear Admiral in Civil War. b. Nov. 13, 1809 in Philadelphia, where his father was Swedish consul until his death in 1824. He entered the U.S. Navy as a midshipman in 1826, and with the exception of a few years when he retired to a :farm for his health, he remained the rest of his life in the navy. He had a scientific mind and invented many improvements for the navy, particularly in guns and gunnery, serving as chief of Naval Ordnance. During the Civil War he secured the Potomac River; commanded the Southern Atlantic blockade squadron; attacked Charleston and silenced Fort Sumter. He led a force up the St. John's river and cooperated with Sherman in the capture of Savannah. In 1866 he was given command of the South Pacific squadron. Mason. d. July 12, 1870. John E. Dahlquist Major General, U.S. Army. b. March 12, 1896 at Minneapolis, Minn. Commissioned in 1917 and advanced through grades to major general in 1943. He was on the War Department General Staff from 1937-41 and commanded a division overseas from July, 1944. Mason. Joseph E. Daily Justice, Supreme Court of Illinois since 1948. h. Jan. 22, 1888 at Manito, lli. Graduate of Univ. of Illinois and Yale, he was an attorney at Peoria from 1911-15, and later circuit court judge of 10th circuit. Mason, 32째 AASR and Shriner.

J. Dodson Daintree British Naval Captain who was co-founder of Daintree Lodge No. 2938 in Wei-hai-Wei, Shantung, China in September, 1902. The lodge was named for him. In

Frederick Dalcho (1770-1836) b. in London, England of Prussian parents, his father, also a Freemason, had served under Frederick the Great and retired to England. At the death of his father, he came to Baltimore, Md. to live with an uncle.. There he studied medicine and practiced as an army doctor. He later became an Episcopal priest, serving as assistant rector of St. Michael's P. E. Church in Charleston in 1819 in his 50th year. He was mainly responsible for bringing about the union of the two rival English grand lodges (Ancients and Moderns) in South Carolina in 1817. He affiliated with UnionKilwinning Lodge No.4, Charleston, and served as master. In 1801 Dr. Dalcho received the 33 0 ,and on May 31 of that year was instrumental in the establishment of the Supreme Council, Southern Jurisdiction at Charleston and was appointed grand secretary and later served as the second grand master, holding it until 1823, when he became involved in a controversy with his associates and resigned, never again participating actively in Freemasonry. d. Nov. 24, 1836. Albert E. Dale (1890-1954) Newspaper editor. b. Nov. 4, 1890 at Whitehall, N.Y. Began as a reporter in Albany, N.Y. Managing editor of AIbany Evening News, 1922-29; Detroit Times, 1929-30; Wisconsin News (Milwaukee) 1931-32; news editor of New York Evening Journal" 1932; editor


Charles William, Earl of Dalkeith of Detroit Tim,es, 1932-36; Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, 1936-38; Chicago American, 1938-39 and Times Herald, \Vashington, 1940. Served as public relations director for N.B,.C., New York City from 1941-45 and editor of the Sun-Telegrap,h, Pittsburgh from 1951. Mason. d. Nov. 21, 1954.

from 1820-32 and was a member of parliament in 1835. From 1835-41 he was undersecretary for home affairs, and secretary for war. from 1846-52 and 1855-58. He was censured for the management of the Crimean War. In 1861 he assumed his surname of Ramsay.

Charles M. Dale Governor of New Hampshire, 1944-48. b路. March 8, 1893 at Brown's Valley, Minn. Graduate of Univ. of Minn. and engaged in law practice since 1920 at Portsmouth. State senator for three terms and president of the senate 1935-36. President of WHEB, Inc. (radio) and director of the New Hampshire National Bank. Served in WW1. Raised in Cataract Lodge No.2, Minneapolis, he affiliated with Saint Andrew's Lodge No. 56, Portsmouth. He was exalted in Washington Chapter No. 3, R.A.M., Portsmouth, Dec. 10, 1924; greeted in Davenport Council R. & S.M. April 6, 1925; knighted in DeWitt Clinton Commandery June 12, 1925 and received the AASR degrees in bodies at Dover and Portsmouth. He was high priest of his chapter in 1932, and when elected governor was grand high priest of the Grand Chapter, R.A.M. of New Hampshire.

George, Earl of Dalhousie (8th Earl of) He served as the 26th Grand Master Mason of Scotland, 1767-68.

Charles Dale The "Charlie Dale" of the Smith and Dale vaudeville team. They have been together fOT 59 years in their act. When Variety magazine polled the veteran stars on the best acts of the vaudeville era a few years ago, the Smith and Dale team won the top spot with their "Dr. Kronkite" sketch. Both Dale and Joe Smith are Masons.

George, Earl of Dalhousie (17701838) (9th Earl of) The 45th Grand Master Mason of Scotland, 1804-05. He was one of Wellington's generals. Served as governor-in-chief of the Canadian colonies from 1819-28 and was commander-in-chief in India. His third son, James Andrew Broun q.'lJ. also served as grand master Mason of Scotland in 1836-37. James Andrew Broun Dalhousie (1812-1860) 10th Earl and 1st Marquis of Dalhousie; third son of George, 9th Earl of Dalhousie q.'lJ. He served as grand master Mason of Scotland, 1836-37, as his father had hefore him. He graduated at Oxon in 1833 and entered the House of the Lords in 1838. He succeeded Gladstone as p,resident of the board of trade in 1845 and was the youngest governor general of India ever appointed (1847-56). Under his administration of India, he acquired territory, developed resources, reformed the administration and annexed Junjab, Pego, Lower Burma, Jaitpur, Sambalpur, Jhansi, and Nagpur. He established public works, engineering colleges, built railways, bridges, telegraph system and post offices. b. April 22, 1812. d. Dec. 19, 1860.

Fox-Maule Dalhousie (1801-1874) 11th Earl of Dalhousie and 2nd Baron of Panmure. He was grandson of 8th Earl (George) q.'V'. He was grand Charles master Mason of Scotland in 1867-69, The 43rd his grandfather having also served in Scotland, that capacity. He served in the army 4th Duke 279

William, Earl of Dalkeith Grand Master Mason of 1800-01. He was later the of Buccleuch.

Francis, Earl of Dalkeith

Francis, Earl of Dalkeith Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of England (Moderns) in 1723. He was afterwards the 2nd路 Duke of Buccleuch.

Charles D. Dallas President of Revere Copper & Brass Co. b. Oct. 24, 1881 in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Began as office boy for American Brass Co. in Chicago in 1902. Became associated with his father in 1906 in organizing the Dallas Brass & Copper Co. of which he was presi.. dent, treasurer and director Wltil the merger of five large brass and copper companies into the Revere Copper & Brass, Inc. of which he was president until 1947, being chairman of the board since that date. He is also a director of several other large corporations including General Cable Co., American Smelting and Gov. Copper and Brass Research Assn. Mason. George Mifllin Dallas (1792-1864) 11th Vice President of the United States. b. July 10, 1792 at Philadelphia. His father, Alexander James, was secretary of the U.S. treasury in 1814-16. Dallas was mayor of Philadelphia in 1828, and U.S. senator from Pennsylvania in 1831-33. From 1837-39' he was minister to Russia, and vice president of the United States from 1845-49. He was appointed 'minister to Great Britain in 1856-61. He was initiated March 21, 1818 in Franklin Lodge No. 134, Philadelphia and became senior warden the 拢ollowing year and elected master in 1820 and again in 1821. He started in the grand lodge line as junior grand warden in December, 1828 and was elected grand master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania in December, 1834 at the height of the anti-Masonic period. In 1821 he delivered three different lectures on the origin, benefits, science and principles of Masonry before his lodge. In January 18, 1822, he was appointed on a commit-

tee from his lodge to form. a grand committee with representatives of other lodges to consider the griev.. ances of the subordinate lodges in Pa. In Feb., 1825 he was chosen proxy of Perseverance Lodge No. 21 of Harrisburg to the grand lodge and for many years held this position. His lodge (Franklin) ceased its labors in 1832, probably due to the anti.. Masonic crusade, but he remained with it until the last. On its reorganization in Oct., 1846, he did not rejoin it. At that time he was vice president. On June 24, 1834 he delivered an oration at the celebration of St. John's Day by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, and it was on this date that he prepared for the grand lodge the resolutions of condolence for the death of the Marquis de Lafayette. In January, 1836, during the antiMasonic fever, some members of the state legislature had carried through a proposition to appoint a committee on an act to suppress secret societies, with power to send for persons and papers. He was summoned among others to testify against the order. But in a staunch and masterly argument, he refused to be sworn and the investigation failed. On May 1, 1847 he was at the Masonic cornerstone laying of the Smithsonian Institution. On Sept. 14, 1847, he visited St. John's Lodge No. 219, Pittsburgh, on which occasion were also present the members of lodges No. 45 and 221. After being welcomed, he replied in kind, after which the lodge was called off for 15 minutes for personal introduetions and social conversation. On July 4, 1848, he was present at the Masonic cornerstone laying of the Washington Monument by the Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia. d. Dec. 31, 1864. The Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania held memorial services for him in 1865. S. P. Dalton Judge, Supreme Court of Missouri (1950-64). b. Nov.


Robert M. Danford 16, 1892 near Nevada, Mo. Graduate of Westminster College and Univ. of Missouri. Admitted to bar in 1917 and practiced at Cape Girardeau. Member of Elvins Lodge No. 599, Flat River, Mo.; exalted in Wilson Chapter No..75, R.A.M., Cape Girardeau in May 1927; received in Cape Council No. 20, R. & S.M. and Knighted in Cape Girardeau Commandery No.

55, K.T. Count Goblet d'Aviella (?-1925) Belgian nobleman and member of parliament who was sovereign grand commander of the Supreme Council of Belgium. d. Sept. 9, 1925 in Brussels. Sir Charles Dalrymple 74th Grand Master Mason of Scotland, 1894-96. Sir David Dalrymple 30th Grand Master Mason of Scotland, 1774-75. Later Lord Westhall. Ralph S. Damon (1897-1956) Aviation executive. b. Ju1y 6, 1897 at Franklin, N.H. Graduate (cum laude) of Harvard in 1918. Began as milwright's assistant and employed by Curtiss Aeroplane & Motor Co. in 1922, ending as president in 1935. He developed the Curtiss-Wright "Condar," a commercial transport, in 1933. He was vice president in charge of American Airlines operation from 1936-41, vice president and general manager, 1943-45, and president, 194549. He was president of Republic Aviation Corp, 1941-43 and president and director of TWA, Inc. from 1949. Mason. d. Jan. 6, 1956. James F. Dana (1793-1827) Early chemist. b. Sept. 23, 1793 at Amherst, N.H., he graduated from Harvard in 1813 and in the medical dept. in 1817. He was selected by Harvard to procure a new chemical laboratory for the school, and spent six months in England under leading chemists, training and securing equipment. He

practiced medicine in Camden, taught chemistry at Dartmouth, and became professor of chemistry in路 the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York in 1825, serving until his death on April 14, 1827. His lodge and chapter membership is not known, but he was knighted in Vermont Commandery at Windsor, Vt. and became a member of Trinity Commandery No. 1, Manchester, N.H. in 1822.

Judah Dana (1772-1845) U.S. Senator from Maine, 1836-37. b. April 25, 1772 at Pomfret, Conn., his mother was the eldest daughter of General Israel Putnam q.1). Graduated at Dartmouth in 1795, studied law and began practice in Fryeburg, Maine and later in Massachusetts. Served as judge of court of common pleas and circuit court. He was a delegate to the convention that framed the state constitution of Maine in 1819. He was a member of Pythagorean Lodge No. 11, Fryeburg, was delegate to the grand lodge and served as deputy grand master in 1819. d. Dec. 27, 1845. Lynn B. Dana (1875-1941) Musiciano b. Oct. 15, 1875 at Middleport, N.Y. He was a concert pianist and accompanist from 1896 and director of Dana's Symphony Orchestra from 1906. He was president of Dana's Musical Instruments, and was actively connected with the music department of the Chautauqua institution for 15 years. He was director of the National Music Convention and Chautauqua at Lockport, N.Y. and :founder of Tau Delta Beta, national musical fraternity. He served with the 2nd Ohio Infantry in the Spanish-American War. Mason and 32 0 AASR. d. Sept. 22, 1941. Robert M. Danford Major GeneraI, U.S. Army. b. July 7, 1878 at New Boston, TIL Graduated from U.S. Military Academy in 1904 and commissioned that year, rising through grades to major general in. 1938..


John W. Daniel

Served in Philippines, 1907-08 and with field artillery assignments in colleges and camps until WW1, when he commanded the 129th F.A. at Camp Doniphan, Okla. and F.A. replacement depot in Camp Jackson, S.C. From 1919-23 he was commandant of cadets at the U.S. Military Academy. With the office of chief of field artillery in Washington, chief of staff of 6th Corps Area at Chicago, and from 1938 until retirement in 1942 was chief of field artillery, U.S. Army. Mason.

chapter, council and commandery and KCCH in AASR. Clarence H. Danielson (1889-1952) Major General, U.S. Army. b. Aug. 7, 1889 at Lead, S. Dak. Graduated from u.S. Military Academy in 1913, advancing through grades to major general in 1944. Saw Mexican border service from 1913-17 and with Mexican punitive expedition in 1916, and during WW1 was with the Hawaiian Department and Inspector General's Dept. in the U.S. He later served with the Adjutant General's Dept. in the Philippines, Hawaii, U.S. Military Academy, and Governors Island, N.Y. At his retirement in 1946 he was commanding general of 7th Service Command. Mason. d. May 22, 1952.

John W. Daniel (1842..1910) U.S. Senator from Virginia five tenns, 1887-1917, dying before entering his last term. b. Sept. 5, 1842 at Lynchburg, Va., he fought with the Confederate Anny in the Civil War and was wounded four times. He became adjutant general on General Early's staff. He studied law at the Univ. of Virginia after the war and was admitted to bar in 1866. He was a member of both houses of the Virginia legislature and member of the 49th U.S. congress. Member of Marshall Lodge No. 39, Lynchburg, Va.

Harris L. Danner (1888-1941) Justice, Supreme Court of Oklahoma, 1938-41. b. Feb. 13, 1888 near Astoria, Ill. Taught in rural illinois schools before being admitted to Oklahoma bar in 1909, practicing in Oklahoma City. Served in WWl as a private. Mason. d. Jan. 7, 1941.

Price Daniel U.S. Senator and Governor of Texas. b. Oct. 10, 1910 in Dayton, Texas. A.B. and LL.B. from Baylor Univ. Before graduating from college, he was a reporter for the Fort Worth Star Telegram (192729) and Waco News Tribune (192931). He was admitted to the bar in 1932 and practiced at Liberty, Texas. He was speaker of the house of· representatives in 1943, and attorney general of Texas from 1946-53. In 1953 he was elected U.S. senator from Texas and governor of the state in 1956. Co-publisher of Liberty Vindicator and Anahuac Progress since 1939. Served with U.S. Army as an officer in WW2, 1942-46 in Pacific area. Past master of Liberty Lodge No. 48, Liberty, Texas; member of

Georges Jacques Danton (17591794) French revolutionary leader. A founder of the Cordelier in 1790, he advocated extreme action. Was forced to flee to England in 1791 but returned and incited the Tuileries riots of 1792. He assumed the leadership of the revolutionaries and was minister of justice. When elected to the National Convention in 1792 he voted for the death of the king. In 1793 he was elected president of the Jacobin Club, whose aim was the unity of the country and a stable republican government. When his £01lowers were overcome by the more radical Robespierre, he was seizedt imprisoned, given a £arcial trial, and guillotined on April 5, 1794. He was a member of the famous Lodge of the Nine Sisters at Paris.


William H. V. Darell Harry Darby U.S. Senator and owner and chairman of board of The Darby Co., manufacturers of steel, aluminum, corrosion resistant products, railroad cars and ships, at Kansas City, Kansas. b. Jan 23, 1895 in Kansas City, Kansas. B,egan with the Missouri Boiler Works, Co. in 1911 as a helper, rising to vice p,resident in 1919. He established the Darby Corp. in 1920. Director of a dozen corporations, banks and railroads. U.S. Senator from Kansas 1949-50. Raised in Westgate Lodge No. 438, Kansas City, Kansas, Jan. 23, 1931. Member of Wyandotte Chapter, R.A.M. No. 6 and Ivanhoe Commandery No. 21, K.T. both of Kansas City, Kans.. 32 0 AASR in Orient of Kansas. Abdallah Shrine Temple, DeMolay Legion of Honor, Royal Order of Jesters Court 93. John S. Darcey (1788-1863) Physician and first president of what is now the Pennsylvania Railroad. b . Feb. 24, 1788 in Hanover, N.J.. He studied with his father who was also a physician. When the Asiatic cholera broke out in the U..S. in 1832 he moved to Newark, N.J., and by his skill in the treatment of that disease, attained a practice more extensive than any other in the state.. However it impaired his health. In 1835-41 he was u.s. marshal for New Jersey. On the incorporation of the New Jersey Railroad Co. he was elected president and held that office for thirty years until his death. He was initiated. in Cincinnati Lodge No. 17 in Oct., 1808 and served as master in 1819. He was grand master of the Grand Lodge of New Jersey in 1826-27. On May 28, 1851 he affiliated with St. John's Lodge No. 1 of Newark.

Columbia Univ. Studied on Carnegie Fellowship at Oxford, England. Entered legal profession. Member of the state general assembly ror two terms (1930-33) and served in the 73rd, 74th and 75th U.S. congresses. Governor of Virginia for term ending 1946, and president of the University of Virginia since 1947. Served in Marine Corps and with French Army in WWl. He was initiated in Franklin Lodge No. 151, Franklin, Va. on May 25, 1920 and raised on Dec. 21 same year.. He affiliated with Corinthian Lodge No.. 266, Norfolk on April 12, 1938 and holds joint membership in both lodges. Received AASR degrees in Norfolk in 1941. Miles Darden (1798-1857) A giant seven feet, six inches in height and at his death weighed more than one thousand pounds. Until 1853 he was active, energetic, and able to labor, but from that time on he was obliged to remain at home, or be moved about in a wagon. In 1850 it required thirteen and a half yards of cloth one yard wide to make him a coat. He was six feet four inches around the waist. He died in Henderson Co., Tenn. on Jan. 23, 1857 and The Lexington Progress stated: "The funeral sermon of Mr. Miles Darden, who died at his residence in Henderson Co.. will be preached on the fourth Sunday in this month, five miles southwest from Lexington, Tenn. The Masonic fraternity will be in attendance in full regalia on this occasion. The deceased was, beyond all question, the largest man in the world. His height was seven feet six inches-two inches higher than Porter, the Kentucky giant. It required seventeen to put him in his coffin, which took over 100 feet of lumb,er to make." Mrs. Darden, wife of the large man, weighed only 90 pounds.

Colegate W. Darden, Jr. Congress.. man, Governor of Virginia and president of the University of Virginia. b.. Feb.. 11, 1897 in Southampton Co., William H. V. Darell (1878-1954) Va. Graduate or Univ. of Virginia and English Brigadier General. He retired 283

Herbert A. Dargue

from the army in 1929 after fighting gallantly in the South African and First World Wars, having been Adjutant-General and commanded both the Coldstream and Irish Guards. He was the first assistant grand master of England, 1937-54 and was grand master of the Mark Grand Lodge of England, 1948-54, and. grand treasurer of the Knights Templar to 1948. He was lieutenant grand commander of the Supreme Council AAR; past grand scribe of the Grand Chapter R.A.M. of England, and past grand principal conductor of the work in the Grand Council Royal and Select Masters. Herbert A. Dargue (1886-1942) Major General, U.S. Army. b. Nov. 17, 1886 at Brooklyn, N.Y. Graduate of U.S. Military Academy in 1911 and advanced through grades to major general in 1941. Fo:rmerly commanded the Observers School of the Air Corps, and then the 1st Air Force at Mitchell Field, New York from 1941. Mason and Shriner. d. Dec. 8, 1942. James H. Darlington (1856-1930) Episcopal Bishop. b. June 9, 1856 at Brooklyn, N.Y. Graduate of Princeton, 1880, 1885. Ordained deacon and priest in P'rotestant Episcopal church, 1882. Consecrated first bishop of Harrisburg in 1905, and was archdeacon of Brooklyn, 1896-98. Honorary orders conferred on him by France, Greece, Serbia, Spain, Italy and Belgium. He was chairman of commission to confer with Eastern Orthodox Churches and the Old Catholics from Episcopal Church of U.S. in 1910-25, and arranged and signed the concordat between Eastern and Western churches. Mason. d. Aug. 14, 1930.. E.dward, 2nd Earl of Darnley Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of England (Moderns) in 1737. Leslie R. Darr U.S. Judge of eastern and middle districts of Tennessee

since 1939. b. Nov. 8, 1886 in Jasper, Tenn. Graduate of Cumberland Univ. He was admitted to Tennessee bar in 1910, and practiced at Jasper until 1926 when he became a circuit judge. Raised in Olive Branch Lodge No. 297, Jasper, Tenn. serving as master three terms and also as secretary several times. 32째 AASR (SJ) in Nashville, Tenn. and member of Alhambra Shrine Temple, Chattanooga since 1922. Delmar D. Darrah (1868-1945) Masonic editor and author. b. July 15, 1868 at Tolono, Ill. Graduate of Univ. of Illinois and instructed at Wesleyan Dniv. for 20 years. Editor of the Illinois Freemason for 33 years, he is best known for his Evolution of Freemasonry. Grand master of the Grand Lodge of Illinois in 1911-12. Active 33째 AASR (NJ) in 1911 and deputy for Illinois from 1932. Raised in Bloomington Lodge No. 43, and served twice as master. First master of Arts and Crafts Lodge No. 1017. d. March 5, 1945. Whitney Darrow Vice President of Charles Scribner's Sons, publishers since 1931. b. May. 16, 1881 at Geneva, N.Y. Graduate of Princeton in 1903. Manager and secretary of the Princeton Univ. Press 1905-17 and president since 1948. Mason. Thomas C~ Darst (11875'-1948) Episcopal Bishop. b. Nov. 10, 1875 in Pulaski, Va. Ordained priest of Protestant Episcopal Church in 1903, serving churches at Fairmount, W. Va., Meade and John's parishes, Va., Rich.. mond and Newport News. Consecrated bishop of Eastern Carolina in 1915. Retired in 1945. Mason. d. Sept. 1, 1948. Raymond O. Dart Physician and Brigadier General, U.S. Army. b. July 5, 1890 in Kansas City, Kans. Graduated from Univ. of Kansas and Rush Medical College. Commissioned


Harry M. Daugherty

1st lieutenant in Medical Corps of U.S. Army in 1917 and advanced through grades to brigadier general in 1948. Commanding officer of 105th General Hospital in S.W. Pacific, 194243. Director of Army Institute of Pathology, Washington from 1946. Raised in Acacia Lodge No. 18, Washington, D.C. about 1916. William Legge, 7th Earl of Dartmouth English nobleman. b. Feb. 22,

1881, he was educated at Eton and Oxford. Elected to parliament from West Bromwich in 1910, retaining the seat until 1918. From 1928 to 1936 he was lord great chamberlain of England, succeeding his father the 6th Earl in 1936 to the title. He also served many years as high b'ailiff of Westminster. In 1941 he hecame ruler of the Craft in the province of Staffordshire, a position his father had held for 44 years. In 1952 he was appointed as grand superintendent of the Royal Arch in Staffordshire, an appointment his father had held for 33 years.

Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802) English physiologist and poet who was

den, The Temple of Nature. He was made a Mason in the famous Canongate Kilwinning Lodge No.2 of Edinburgh, Scotland. George Dasch Musician. b. May 14, 1877 in Cincinnati, Ohio. Member

of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra from 1895-98, joining Theodore Thomas Orchestra in Chicago in 1898 and continuing with same and its successor, the Chicago Symphony Orchestra until 1923. He was assistant conductor of the Chicago Civic Orchestra under Frederick A. Stock for four years, and conductor of the Little Symphony Orchestra since 1921. Taught at Northwestern, and since 1945 has been faculty member of Evanston College. Mason. Fifield d'Assigny (1707-1744) A physician of Dublin, Ireland, who in 1744 wrote A Serious and lmpa,rtial Inquiry Into: the Cause of the Pr'esen,t Decay of Freemasonry in the Kingdom of Ireland. An exceedingly rare pamphlet of 400 copies, which had among the suhscribers the names of Laurence Dermott q.v. and Elizabeth St. Leger q.v., the Lady Freemason. It is important inasmuch as it is the first written reference to Royal Arch Masonry, i.e. "I am informed in that city (York) is held an assembly of master masons, who in their qualifications and excellencies are superior to others; they receive a larger pay than working Masons." It was re'printed in 1893.

the grandfather of Charles Robert Darwin, the great naturalist and author of Darwin's Origin of Species. In addition to being an eminent physician, poet and scientist, Dr. Darwin was the first man in England to suggest those ideas which were later to be embodied in the Darwinian Theory by his grandson and to be brought into the stream of popular discussion by Tennyson and Herbert Harry M. Daugherty (1860-1941) Spencer. He was a practicing physi- Attorney General of the U.S. under cian at Litchfield from 1757 where Harding and Coolidge, 1921-24. b. Jan. he cultivated an 8-acre botanical gar- 26, 1860 in Washington Courthouse, den. He moved to Derby in 1781 Ohio. Graduate of Univ. of Michigan where he founded the Philosophical in 1881, and began practice of law Society in 1784, which was the ÂŁoun~ at Washington Courthouse, moving to tainhead for the ideas developed by Columbus, Ohio in 1893. Resigned his grandson, Charles. Among his from attorney-generalship, and was books were The Loves of the Plants, indicted on charges of conspiracy to Economy 01 Vegetation, Botanic Gar- defraud the U.S. government, but was 285

Erie V. Daveler acquitted of the charge. Member of Fayette Lodge No. 107, Washington C.H., Ohio and LaFayette Lodge No. 19, Washington, D.C. Wrote The Inside StOTY of the Harding Tragedy. d. Oct. 12, 1941. ErIe V. Daveler

Mining engineer

and executive. b. Dec. 31, 1885 in Denver, Colo. Graduate of Univ. of Calif. Variously with Utah Copper Co., Ray Consolidated Copper Co., Alaska Gold Mines, Butte & Superior Co. He is vice president, treasurer and director of Nevada Consolidated Copper Corp, Utah Copper Co., Bingham & Garfield Railway, Ray & Gila Valley Railway and others. Also vice president and director of American Zinc, Lead & Smelting Co. in 1943, and vice president and director of Mesabi Iron Co. Trustee or director in a dozen other corporations.. Mason. George W. Davenport Episcopal Bishop. b. Aug. 14, 1870 at Brandon, Vt. Ordained deacon in 1893 and priest in 1896, serving churches in Baltimore, Md.,. New York City, Richmond Hill, L.I., N.Y., Astoria, N.Y., Danbury and Burlington, Vt. Consecrated bishop in 1920, retiring in 1938. Mason. Thomas Davenport (1802-1851) Inventor in field of electro-magnetism. b. July 9, 1802 in Williamstown, Vt. Apprenticed at age of 14 to a blacksmith and in 1832 began study of electro-magnetism, exhibiting in 1835 a rotary engine driven by electricity at Rensselaer and Franklin institutes. Set up a company to manufacture the engines and it went broke through the dishonesty of an agent. His experiments were numerous' and costly and exhausted his resources, forcing him to return with his family to his hom.e in Brandon, Vt. in 1842. Member of Washington Lodge No. 21, Brandon. d. July 6, 1851.

Martin L. Davey (1884-1946) Gov.. ernor路 of Ohio, member of Congress and President of The Davey Tree Expert Co., Inc. b. July 25, 1884 at Kent, Ohio. Served from Ohio to the 65th, 66th, and 68th to 70th Congresses (1918-29). Elected twice as governor of Ohio-1934 and 1936. Initiated in Rockton Lodge No. 316, Kent, Ohio. on May 25, 1910. Exalted in Tyrian Chapter No. 91, R.A.M., Ravenna, Ohio on Oct. 24, 1911. Also Knight Templar and Shriner. d. March 31, 1946. David I (1084-1153) King of Scotland, who, tradition states, was the protector of Freemasons (operative) and patron of the building art. He was called the "Scotch Justinian." Gained the earldom of Huntingdon by marriage, and on the death of King Edgar in 1107 received southern Scotland and in 1124, on the death of brother Alexander, became ruler of all Scotland. He unsuccessfully invaded England in 1149. He founded bishoprics and monasteries and fur.. thered the process of feudalizing Scotland.

Howard C. Davidson Major General, U.S. Air Force. b.路 Sept. 15, 1890 at Wharton, Texas. Graduate of U.S. Military Academy in 1913, advancing through grades to major general in 1944. Appointed commander of 10th Air Force, India, in 1942. Raised in Mystic Lodge No. 405, Dayton, Ohio, in 1920. 32 0 AASR (NJ) and Antioch Shrine Temple, all of Dayton. James E. Davidson (1865-1947) Shipbuilder and banker. b,. Dec. 7, 1865 at B,uffalo, N.Y.. Was president of the Inter-Ocean Steamship Co., Continental Steamship Co., Duluth Steamship Co., Globe Steamship Corp. (Ind.), United Steamship Co., Triton Steamship Co., Sumatra Steam.. ship Co., Consolidated Steamship Co. (Del.). He was also vice president,


Count Goblet d'Avielia treasurer and director of the American Ship Building Co. at Cleveland and director of many corporations. Was chairman of board of Hillsdale County Natl. Bank and Bay Trust Co. and president of Peoples Commercial and Savings Bank. Former director of Detroit branch of Chicago Federal Reserve Bank and served as president of Michigan Bankers Assn. in 1934. 33째 AASR (NJ) , he served as grand commander of the Grand Commandery, K.T. of Michigan in 1923, having previously served as commander of Bay City Commandery No. 26, K.T. He was, past potentate of his Shrine temple and member of the board of control of the Michigan Masonic Home. d. July 25, 1947.

James E. Davidson (1879-1949) Public utilities executive. b. Nov. 10, 1879 at Flint, Mich. President of Consolidated Lighting Co. at Montpelier, Vt. until 1910 when he became general manager of Pacific Power & Light Co., Portland, Oreg. until 1917, moving to the Nebraska Power Co. at Omaha in that year and becoming president of same in 1928, serving until 1946. Was also vice president and general manager of the Citizens Power & Light Co. of Council Bluffs, la. from 1917-36. Was director of many corporations including Chicago Great Western Railway, Union Stock Yards Co. of Omaha and a trustee of Father Flanagan's Boys' Home. Elected as Omaha's first citizen in 1929 and cited for outstanding civic service by Veterans of Foreign Wars in 1942. Member of National Sojourners, Joseph Warren Camp of Heroes of '76 and past potentate of Tangier Shrine Temple. d. Nov. 12, 1949. James o. Davidson (1854-1922) Governor of Wisconsin 1907-11. b. Feb. 10, 1854 in Norway, coming to U.S. in 1872 where he engaged in the milling and mercantile business at Soldier's Grove, Wis. from 1877. Mem-

ber of state legislature from 1893-99; state treasurer, 1899-1903; lieutenant governor, 1903-06. Mason. d. Dec. 16, 1922.

William R. Davie (1756-1820) Governor of North Carolina, Revolutionary War officer and member of the Constitutional Convention. bl. June 20, 1756 in Egremont, England, coming to U.S. with father in 1763. He graduated from Princeton in 1776 and entered the war. He fought with distinction at battles of Stone Ferry, Hanging Rock, Rocky Mount and Charlotte (N.C.). He later became major general of militia. Although he was active in the framing of the Federal constitution, he was not a signer, being sick at home at that time. He drew up the act to establish the Univ. of North Carolina. He was elected governor of North Carolina in 1799. He was raised in Occasional Lodge No. 1791 and served as grand master of North Carolina from 179298 although he had never served as master of a lodge. d. Nov. 8, 1820. Count Goblet d'Aviella (1846-1925) Belgian nobleman, and statesman. A learned man, he held several honorary doctorates and was professor of history of religion at Brussels Univ. From 1878-84 he sat in the Belgian chamber as deputy for Brussels. In 1900 he was elected to the senate, of which he became vice president in 1912. At the outbreak of WW1, he was made minister of state and from January, 1917 until peace was declared, he was a member of the de Broqueville cabinet. A member of the lodge Les Amis Philanthropes No. 2 of Brussels, he served it as master and was past grand master of Belgium. During the war he :fled to England and became associated with an English lodge and did considerable writing for the Lodge Quatuor Coronati including The' QuatuO'r COTornati in Belgium; Mithraic Rite's; A Bel-


Elmer D. Davies gian DaughteT of the Orand Lodge of Scotland; The English Provincial Grand Lodge of the Austrian Netherlands: and The Papal Buns and Free路masonry in Belgium. d. Sept. 7, 1925. EImer D. Davies U.S. District Judge of Tennessee. b. Jan. 12, 1899 at Magnolia, Ark. Graduate of Vanderbilt and admitted to bar in 1921. Member of state senate from 1935-39 and U.S. district judge since 1939. Mason. 32掳 AASR (SJ) and Shriner. Fred A. Davies Oil executive. b. April 17, 1894 at Aberdeen, S_ Dak. Began as metallurgist and oil geologist becoming president of California Arabian Standard Oil Co. (now Arabian American Oil Co.) in 1940. Has been chairman of board and chief executive officer since 1952. Member of Cascade Lodge No. 34, Great Falls, Mont. Joseph H.. Daviess (1744-1811) Hero of Battle of Tippecanoe and grand master of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky at the time. b. March 4, 1774 in Bedford Co., Va., he moved with parents to Kentucky in 1779. He served in the Indian campaign of 1793 and then studied law, practicing in Danville, Ky. His eccentricities made him famous. Instead of "riding the circuit" he would shoulder his rifle and range the woods from town to town, usually appearing in court in a hunting costume. In 1799 he acted as a second to John Rowan q.v. for a duel in which Rowan's antagonist was killed. All associated with the duel fled to avoid prosecution and Daviess was for some time a fugitive. Both Rowan and Daviess were members of Lexington Lodge No.1. Later, hearing that Rowan had been arrested, Daviess returned and appeared in court as his counsel and secured his acquittal. It is said that he is the first western lawyer to appear before the u.s. supreme court. He came to

Washington in a dilapidated hunting uniform, gained an important decision and returned home in the same peculiar costume. About this time he married a sister of Chief Justice Marshall q.v. and afterward became attorney general for Kentucky. In this capacity, he ordered Aaron Burr q.'V. to appear in 1806 to answer a charge of levying war against a nation with which the U.S. was at peace. Burr hired Henry Clay for a lawyer and won the case. In 1811 Daviess joined the army of General William H. Harrison as a major and served in the campaign against the northwestern Indians. In the Battle of Tippecanoe, seeing that an exposed angle of the line was likely to give way, he led a cavalry charge at that point and was killed. The date was Nov. 7,1811. He was grand master of Kentucky at the time. In September he had visited Vincennes Lodge No.1 Vincennes, Ind.路路 and presided at meetings of the lodge on the 18th, 19th and 21st of that month. It was probably the last Masonic work he conducted. His sword and camp knife were later presented to the Grand Lodge of Kentucky. Charles K. Davis President of Remington Arms, Inc., Bridgeport, Conn. 1933-54. b. Jan. 7, 1889 at Lebanon, Pa. Began as a chemist with Aluminum Co. of America in 1905 and later with American Steel Foundries, American Smelting & Refining and E. I. du Pont de Nemours. He was president and director of DuPont Viscoloid Co. from 1919-31 and president, general manager and director of Roessler & Hasslacher Chemical Co. 1932-33. He is founder and trustee of the American Wildlife Foundation. Chairman of the board . of Remington since 1954. Received E.A. degree in 1911 in Santiago, Chile; F.e. degree in 1916 in DuPont Lodge of Hopewell, Va. and M.M. degree in Mountain Lodge No. 214, 1920 at Up-


Garrett Davis

per Montclair, N.J. A 32째 AASR (N.J.) in 1921 in Jersey City, N.J. He is a life member of Salaam Shrine Temple of Newark, N.J.

Charles S. Davis (1877-1954) President and Chairman of Board of Borg-Warner Corp., Chicago.b.. Feb. 2, 1877 at Terre Haute, Ind. Began with the New Yark Times editorial staff in 1899 and became a coal miner and jobber in 1901. From 1907-18 he was an officer and general manager of Glascock Bros. Mfg. Co., Muncie, Ind. and president of Borg-Warner from 1929-50 and chairman of board from 1950 to death on July 2, 1954. Officer and director of several corporations. Mason, 32째 AASR and Knight Templar. Clifford Davis U.S. Congressman, 76th to 80th Congresses (1939-49) from 10th Tenn. district. b. Nov. 18, 1897 at Hazelhurst, Miss. Mason, Knight Templar and Shriner.

David Davis (1815-1866) Judge of U.S. Supreme Court from 1862. Friend of Abraham Lincoln who administered the latter's estate. He died June 26, 1866 and was buried with Masonic ceremonies in Bloomington, Ill. . David J. Davis (1878-1938) U.S. District Judge of Alabama from 193538. b. Oct. 15, 1878 at Weedowee, Ala. Graduate of Yale in 1906 and admitted to Alabama bar in 1906, practicing in Birmingham. At one time he was a law partner of Hugo L. Black, q.'V. supreme court justice. Mason. d. Dec. 7, 1938.

joint owner of the American Falls Press. He was a member of the state senate in 1912-14 and in 1923 was special assistant secretary of the Interior. From 1923-24 he was U.S. commissioner of reclamation and the following two years was director of finance for the Reclamation Bureau. Mason, 32째 AASR (SJ) and KCCH. Now resides in Orlando, Fla. Edmond J. Davis Former Governor of Texas. Member of Rio Grande Lodge No. 81, Brownsville, Texas.

Edwin L. Davis (1876-1949) Former Chairman of Federal Trade Commission and u.S. Congressman, 66th to 72nd Congresses (1919-33) from 5th Tennessee dist. b. Feb. 5, 1876 in Bedford Co., Tenn. A lawyer, practicing at Tullahoma from 1899. Member of Federal trade commission from 1933-46 and chainnan in 1935-40-45. Mason and ~2째 AASR (SJ). d. Oct. 23, 1949. Fred H. Davis (1894-1937) Chief Justice, Supreme Court of lflorida. b. May 18, 1894 in Greenville, S.C. Admitted to Florida bar in 1914 and practiced at Tallahassee. Served as county attorney, county prosecutor and assistant U.S. attorn.ey. Served in WWl as private and later 2nd lieutenant of Infantry. Was attorney general of Florida in 1927 and elected again in 1928. A judge of Florida supreme court from 1931 and chief justice, 1933-35. Mason. d. June 20, 1937.

Garrett Davis (1801-1872) U.S. Senator from Kentucky, 1861-67. b. Sept. 10, 1801 in Mount Sterling, Ky. David W. Davis Governor of Ida- Admitted to the bar in 1823 and three ho, 1919-23. b. April 23, 1873 in Wales, times elected to state legislature, 00being brought to U.S. in infancy. ginning in 1823. Was member of state When 12 years old he was a coal constitutional convention from 1838miner and at 16 a clerk at Dawson, 47, when he served one term in the Iowa. Entering the banking business u.s. congress. In 1864 he was aphe became organizer and president pointed regent of the Smithsonian Inof the First National Bank at Ameri- stitution. He was elected to a second can Falls, Idaho in 1907 and later term in the senate in 1867-73. Early 289

George H. Davis

in life he became the friend of Henry Clay q..v . and his speeches were characterized by sarcasm and fierce invective. He served the Grand Lodge of Kentucky as grand orator at one time. d.. Sept. 22) 1872. George H. Davis (1876-1955) President of U.. S.. Chamber of Commerce, 1937-38. b. April 7, 1876 in Amboy, lli. Began as a clerk in 1891 and entered grain busines's with own firm :from 1898. He was chairman of the Missouri State Highway Commission from 1942-46, president of the Kansas City Board of Trade in 1912; president of American Royal live stock show, 1938-40, and chairman of the code authority, grain exchange, United States N.R..A. 1934-35. Mason and Shriner. d. May 5, 1955. Glenn R. Davis U.S. Congressman, 80th to 84th Congresse's from 2nd Wisconsin dist. b. Oct. 28, 1914 in Vernon, Wis. He instructed in public high schools of Wisconsin and began law practice in Waukesha in 1940. Was member of state assembly in 1941-42. In 1948 he was named as one of the 10 outstanding young men in America by United States Junior Chamber of Commerce.. Mason..

Henry G. Davis (1823-1916) U.S. Senator from West Virginia, 1871-83, declining renomination. Was Democratic nominee for vice president of the U . S. in 1904. b. Nov. 16, 1823 in Baltimore, Md. Being left fatherless, he went to work at an early age. Became manager of a plantation then brakeman, conductor and agent of the B. & o. Railroad. He promoted and built the West Virginia Central & Pittsburgh Railroad (sold to Wabash) and then the Coal & Coke Railroad of whi~h he was p~esident. Member of Elkins Lodge No. 108, Elkins, W. Va. d. March 11,1916. Jacob E. Davis Vice President of The Kroger Co. since 1945 and U.S. Congressman to 77th Congress (194143) from 6th Ohio dist. b. Oct..31, 1905 at Beaver Pike Co.. , Ohio. Graduate of Ohio State and Harvard Universities. Admitted to bar in 1930 and practiced at Waverly, Ohio. Served in Ohio general assembly and was speaker pro tem and majority floor leader. Served as judge of common pleas court and special assistant to the under secretary of the Navy in 1943-44. Mason.

James J. Davis (1873-1947) SecreHarry L. Davis Former Governor tary of Labor under three presidents of Ohio. Mason and member of AI and u.s. Senator from Pennsylvania. Sirat Shrine Temple. b. Oct. 27, 1873 in South Wales, comHarry o. Davis Editor.. b. July 15, ing to U.S. with parents in 1881. He 1877 at Cadiz, Ohio. He built and began as a puddler's assistant in an operated the Panama California Ex- iron works at Sharon.. Pa. at the age position in San Diego in 1913. He was of 11 and at 16 was a puddler. Movvice president and general manager ing to Elwood, Ind. in 1893, he worked of Universal FUm Mfg. Co. from 1915- in steel mills until he became city 17 and same for Triangle Film Corp. clerk in 1898 and county recorder in 1917-18. In 1920 he was editor of 1903. In 1906 he became director genLadies' H ome Journal and was in eralof Loyal Order of Moose a~d general management of Hearst Cor- under his supervision they increased porations from 1922. In 1933 he was from 247 members to over 600,000. a member of the executive council of President Harding appointed him secthe Olympic games. Raised in Mo- retary of labor on March 5, 1921, and mence Lodge No. 481 of Momence, he was continued under Presidents ID. about 1899.路 Member of Coachella Coolidge and Hoover until Dec. 9, 1930. He was appointed u.s. senator Valley (Calif.) High Twelve Club. 290

Jonathan M. Davis

from Pennsylvania in 1933 and reelected for the next two terms (193345) . He was the founder of Mooseheart Home and School and chairman of Mooseheart governors as well as Home for Old Folks, Moosehaven, Fla. He was a member of Quincy Lodge No. 23, Elwood, Ind. Received 32 0 in Albert Pike Consistory No.1, Washington, D.C. on Dec. 15, 1925 and 33 0 on Sept. 19, 1929. Also member of Tall Cedars of Lebanon and Syria Shrine Temple of Pittsburgh. d. Nov. 22, 1947.

1799 in Cumberland Co., Pa. Was a member of the Indiana house of representatives for several years, being speaker in 1832. In 1834 he- was named as commissioner to negotiate a treaty with the Indians. He served in the U.S. congress from 1835-41 and 1843-47 and during his last term was speaker of the house. He was U.S. commissioner to China in 1848-50. He presided over the convention in Baltimore in 1852 that nominated Franklin Pierce for the presidency. Mason. d. Aug. 22, 1859.

Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) President of the Confederate States of America. He was not a Mason although his father, Samuel and brother, Joseph E., were members of the craft. He was, however, friendly to the fraternity. Following the war this statement was made in a magazine article against Davis: "Jefferson Davis, a Free and Accepted Mason, headed the great rebellion, and the fact did not even taint his Masonic standing, but did have much to do in receiving his pardon." In answering this to an inquirer, Davis wrote, in part: " (I) regard the fraternity with respect and have never felt any disapproval of it other than that which pertains to every secret society. Viewing Freemasonry from a distance, and judging the tree by its fruits, I have believed it to be in itself good."

John W. Davis (1873..1955) Democratic presidential candidate in 1924 and Ambassador to England, 1918-21. b. April 13, 1873 at Clarksburg, w. Va. A graduate of Washington and Lee Univ. (A.B. and LL.B.), he held honorary degrees from 14 universities and colleges including Yale, Dartmouth, Princeton and Oxford. He was admitted to the bar is 1895 and practiced at Clarksburg. He was elected to 62nd and 63rd congresses (1911-15) but resigned to become solicitor general of U.S. on Aug. 30, 1913, serving in that capacity until 1918. He became a member of Hennan Lodge No.6, Clarksburg, W. Va. in 1898 and member of the AASR bodies at Wheeling. In July, 1919, he wa's the first non-British Freemason to be made senior grand warden of the Grand Lodge of England. The honor was conferred on him by the Duke of Connaught q.v. the grand master in a ceremony attended by 10,0