List of last survivors of historical events

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Living to the age of 106, Walter Walsh was the last member of the FBI teams that captured Arthur Barker and killed Al Brady.
Millvina Dean, pictured here before her death in 2009, was the last surviving passenger of the RMS Titanic before its sinking in 1912.

A historical event can be defined as any occurrence from the past regardless of significance,[1] with the term "history" an umbrella term relating to past events and any associated memories, discoveries, collections, organizations, presentations, and/or interpretations of them. This differs from a historic event which is often less inclusive, and stands out as having made a significant impact on history itself.[2]

The following is a list of notable people documented as the last living individuals to have witnessed, survived or participated in significant historical events or whom were the last living members of a historic group that directly contributed to such an event (e.g. Manhattan Project scientists). Excluded from this list are last living survivors of wars, speakers of languages, and others who are already recorded on pages representing more narrow categories.

  Background shading indicates the individual is still living

Before 1701[edit]

Name Death Distinction Date ended
Narmer (possibly Menes) c. 3100 BC Last King of Upper Egypt and first pharaoh of Unified Egypt 3150 BC
Lucius Tarquinius Superbus c. 495 BC Last King of Rome (Etruscan Era) 509 BC
Seleucus I Nicator c. September 281 BC (aged ~77) Last of the original Diadochi of Alexander the Great 11 June 323 BC
Ankhmakis c. 185 BC Last native Egyptian Pharaoh c. 185 BC
John the Apostle c. 100 (aged 93–94) Last Apostle
Last witness to the Crucifixion
3 April 33
Julian the Apostate 26 June 363 (aged 32) Last pagan Roman Emperor 26 June 363
Romulus Augustulus c. 507 Last Western Roman Emperor 4 September 476
Wehha of East Anglia c. 571 Last native Saxon invader in the British Isles 493-560s
Childeric III c. 754 (aged ~37) Last Frankish king from the Merovingian dynasty March 751
Alfred the Great 26 October 899 (aged ~51) Last King of Wessex and first King of the Anglo-Saxons 886
Æthelstan 27 October 939 (aged ~45) Last King of the Anglo-Saxons and first King of the English 927
Pope John XII 14 May 964 (aged 27–34) Last Pope elected of the Pornocracy 16 December 955
Adelaide, Countess of Vermandois 23 September 1123 (aged ~40) Last member of the Carolingian dynasty c. 1020
Mstislav I of Kiev 14 April 1132(1132-04-14) (aged 55) Last ruler of united Kievan Rus' 14 April 1132
Henry I of England 1 December 1135 (aged 66–67) Last member of the House of Normandy 1 December 1135
Alfonso VII of León and Castile 21 August 1157 (aged 52) Last Emperor of All Spain 21 August 1157
Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 2 December 1198 (aged ~82) Last High King of Ireland before the Norman invasion 2 December 1198
Swietopelk II, Duke of Pomerania 11 January 1266 (aged 66–76) Last participant of the Gąsawa massacre 24 November 1227
Pope Honorius IV 3 April 1287 (aged 76–77) Last married Pope 3 April 1287
Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York 1 August 1402 (aged 61) Last Issue of Edward III of England 7 January 1355
Pope Urban VI 15 October 1389 (age 70–71) Last Non-Cardinal elected Pope 15 October 1389
Antipope Felix V 7 January 1451 (aged 67) Last major Antipope who had the support of at least one Cardinal 7 April 1449
Sophia Palaiologina 7 April 1503 (aged 54–63) Last member of the Imperial Byzantine court 29 May 1453
Henry VI of England 21 May 1471 (aged 49) Last sovereign of the Hundred Years' War 19 October 1453
Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury 27 May 1541 (aged 67) Last Plantagenet 22 August 1485
Last member of the House of York
Sancho de Tovar c. 1547 (aged 75–82) Last known member of the Second Portuguese India Armada 9 March 1500
Last known witness to the Discovery of Brazil 22 April 1500
Pope Alexander VI 18 August 1503 (age 72) Last Borgia Pope 18 August 1503
Cuauhtémoc 1525 (age 27–28) Last Aztec Emperor 13 August 1521
Don Mancio Serra de Leguízamo[3][4] 18 September 1589 (aged 78) Last known conquistador who participated in the capture of Atahualpa 16 November 1532
Atahualpa 26 July 1533 (aged 31) Last Sapa Inca 26 July 1533
António, Prior of Crato 26 August 1595 (aged 64) Last noble of the House of Aviz 31 January 1580
Mary Allerton 28 November 1699 (aged 83) Last passenger of the Mayflower 11 November 1620
John Alden 12 September 1687 (aged 88) Last signer of the Mayflower Compact
Richard Bellingham 7 December 1672 (aged 80) Last signer of the Massachusetts Colonial Charter 4 March 1629
Gaspar de Bracamonte, 3rd Count of Peñaranda 14 December 1676 (aged ~81) Last known diplomat at The Peace of Westphalia 24 October 1648
Edmund Ludlow c.1692 (aged ~75) Last regicide of Charles I of England 30 January 1649
Francisco Barreto de Meneses 21 January 1688 (aged ~72) Last known commander Portuguese Brazilian of the Pernambuco Insurrection 16 February 1649
Sir Christopher Wren 8 March 1723 (aged 90) Last founder of the Royal Society 28 November 1660
Françoise Marie de Bourbon 1 February 1749 (aged 72) Last issue of Louis XIV of France 6 June 1678

According to the consensus of modern Biblical studies and 1st century historians, this distinction is not verifiable, but instead is to be considered accurate according to tradition.

1701–1800[edit]

Name Death Distinction Date ended
Peter the Great 8 February 1725 (aged 52) Last Tsar of Russia and first Emperor of All Russia 22 October 1721
George II of Great Britain 25 October 1760(1760-10-25) (aged 76) Last British monarch to lead an army in battle 27 June 1743
John Fortescue[5][6] 9 May 1808 (aged 87) Last sailor who took part in George Anson's voyage around the world 15 June 1744
Kirill Razumovski 21 January 1803(1803-01-21) (aged 74) Last Hetman of Zaporizhian Host on both sides of the Dnieper 17 November 1764
George Dance the Younger 14 January 1825(1825-01-14) (aged 83) Last founder of the Royal Academy of Arts 10 December 1768
George Robert Twelves Hewes 5 November 1840(1840-11-05) (aged 98) Last survivor of the Boston Massacre 5 March 1770
Last participant of the Boston Tea party 16 December 1773
Isaac Smith 2 July 1831(1831-07-02) (aged 78–79) Last participant of James Cook's first voyage 12 July 1771
Ephraim Bowen[7][8] 2 September 1841(1841-09-02) (aged 88) Last individual involved in the Gaspée Affair 10 June 1772
John Hatley 12 December 1832(1832-12-12) (aged 69–70) Last participant of James Cook's second voyage 30 July 1775
Charles Carroll 14 November 1832(1832-11-14) (aged 95) Last signer of the United States Declaration of Independence 4 July 1776
Sir John Wentworth 8 April 1820(1820-04-08) (aged 82) Last British colonial governor of the Thirteen Colonies
Conrad Heyer 19 February 1856 (aged 106) Last crew member of George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River 26 December 1776
William Ellery 15 February 1820(1820-02-15) (aged 92) Last signer of the Articles of Confederation 1 March 1781
Şahin Giray 1 January 1787(1787-01-01) (aged 42) Last ruling Khan of the Crimean Khanate 8 April 1783
John Jay 17 May 1829(1829-05-17) (aged 83) Last signer of the Treaty of Paris 3 September 1783
James Madison 28 June 1836(1836-06-28) (aged 85) Last signer of The United States Constitution 17 September 1787
Barthélemy de Lesseps[9] 4 June 1834(1834-06-04) (aged 68) Last participant of the scientific expedition led by Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse 1788
Elizabeth Thackery 7 August 1856 (aged 89) Last survivor of the First Fleet 20 January 1788
John Armstrong Jr. 1 April 1843(1843-04-01) (aged 84) Last delegate to the Continental Congress 2 March 1789
John Adams 5 March 1829(1829-03-05) (aged 61) Last mutineer of HMS Bounty 28 April 1789
Michel Eugène Chevreul 9 April 1889 (aged 102) Last Frenchman scientist born before the French Revolution 5 May 1789
Nicolas Savin 29 November 1894(1894-11-29) (aged 107) Last known Frenchman born before the French Revolution
Padre Manuel Rodrigues da Costa 19 January 1844 (aged 89) Last member of the Minas Gerais Conspiracy 15 June 1789
Arthur Dardenne[10] 8 September 1872(1872-09-08) (aged 95–96) Last participant of the Storming of the Bastille 14 July 1789
Ludovico Manin 24 October 1802(1802-10-24) (aged 77) Last Doge of Venice 12 May 1797
Augusta Hejnek 1 March 1908(1908-03-01) (aged 108) Last known person born in the 1700s 31 December 1799
Salome Sellers 9 January 1909(1909-01-09) (aged 108) Last known person born in the 18th century 31 December 1800

1801–1850[edit]

Name Death Distinction Date ended
Francis II 2 March 1835(1835-03-02) (aged 67) Last Holy Roman Emperor 6 August 1806
Patrick Gass 2 April 1870(1870-04-02) (aged 98) Last member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition 23 September 1806
Henry Benedict Stuart 13 July 1807(1807-07-13) (aged 82) Last surviving member of the House of Stuart 13 July 1807
Henry Goulburn 12 January 1856(1856-01-12) (aged 71) Last signer of the Treaty of Ghent 24 December 1814
André Marie Jean Jacques Dupin 11 August 1865(1865-08-11) (aged 82) Last delegate to the Congress of Vienna June 1815
Seth Weeks 12 September 1887 (aged 84) Last survivor of the sinking of the whaleship Essex 20 November 1820
Joaquim José de Sousa Breves 30 September 1889 (aged 85) Last witness of the Cry of Ipiranga 7 September 1822
Dmitry Zavalishin 17 February 1892(1892-02-17) (aged 87) Last member of the Decembrist movement 14 December 1825
Laureano Tacuavé Martínez c. 1850 (aged c. 41) Last charrúa exhibited to the public as a circus attraction 11 November 1833
William Carroll Crawford[11] 3 September 1895(1895-09-03) (aged 90) Last signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence 2 March 1836
Alijo Perez Jr. 21 October 1918(1918-10-21) (aged 83) Last Texian survivor of the Battle of the Alamo 6 March 1836
Thomas Patrickson[12] 15 October 1914(1914-10-15) (aged 85–86) Last participant of the Second voyage of HMS Beagle 2 October 1836
Rebecca Tickaneesky Neugin[13][14] 15 July 1932(1932-07-15) (aged 97–98) Last Cherokee survivor of the Trail of Tears 1839
Milvern Harrell[15][16] 10 August 1910(1910-08-10) (aged 86) Last Texian survivor of the Dawson Massacre 17 September 1842
François X. Matthieu 4 February 1914(1914-02-04) (aged 95) Last participant at the Champoeg Meetings 2 May 1843
Walter T. Avery[17] 10 June 1904(1904-06-10) (aged 90) Last participant of the first official baseball game 19 June 1846
Margaret Isabella Breen McMahon[18] 25 March 1935(1935-03-25) (aged 89) Last survivor of the Donner Party 29 April 1847
James Stephens Brown[19][20] 25 March 1902(1902-03-25) (aged 73) Last witness to the discovery of Gold at Sutter's Mill 28 January 1848
Charlotte L. Woodward Peirce[21][22] 15 March 1924(1924-03-15) (aged 94) Last participant in the Seneca Falls Convention 20 July 1848
Last signer of the Declaration of Sentiments

1851–1900[edit]

Name Death Distinction Date ended
Thomas Kelly[23] 14 April 1932(1932-04-14) (aged 83) Last survivor of the Birkenhead disaster 26 February 1852
Edwin Hughes 18 April 1927(1927-04-18) (aged 96) Last participant in the Charge of the Light Brigade 25 October 1854
Bahadur Shah Zafar 7 November 1862(1862-11-07) (aged 87) Last Mughal Emperor 14 September 1857
Teodolfo Mertel 11 July 1899(1899-07-11) (aged 93) Last non-priest cardinal 15 March 1858
Pressley Corbin Hyman[24][25] 20 June 1912(1912-06-20) (aged 81) Last witness to the Broderick–Terry duel 13 September 1859
Owen Brown[26][27] 8 January 1889(1889-01-08) (aged 64) Last abolitionist present at John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry 18 October 1859
George Pilson[28] 22 April 1916(1916-04-22) (aged 73–74) Last witness at Harpers Ferry
Matilda McCrear January 1940 (aged c. 83) Last passenger of the slave ship Clotilda 9 July 1860
Georg Hermann Quincke 13 January 1924 (aged 89) Last known attendee of the Karlsruhe Congress 5 September 1860
Samuel J. Seymour[29] 12 April 1956(1956-04-12) (aged 96) Last witness to the assassination of Abraham Lincoln 14 April 1865
John Henry Coghill[30] Possibly 1942 (aged 90) Last witness to the death of John Wilkes Booth 26 April 1865
Charles M. Eldridge[31] 8 September 1941(1941-09-08) (aged 96) Last survivor of the Sultana disaster 27 April 1865
Irene Triplett[32] 31 May 2020(2020-05-31) (aged 90) Last recipient of an American Civil War pension 9 May 1865
Helen Viola Jackson 16 December 2020(2020-12-16) (aged 101) Last known surviving widow of an American Civil War veteran
John Henninger Reagan 6 March 1905(1905-03-06) (aged 86) Last cabinet member of the Confederate States of America 10 May 1865
Peter Mills 22 September 1972(1972-09-22) (aged 110) Last known surviving American who was born into legal slavery 18 December 1865
Samuel Speed[33][34][35] 8 November 1938 (aged 95) Last surviving British convict sent to Australia 4 July 1866
Carlota of Mexico 19 January 1927 (aged 86) Last Empress of Mexico 19 June 1867
Agustín de Iturbide y Green 3 March 1925(1925-03-03) (aged 61) Last member of the Imperial Court of the Second Mexican Empire
Charles Tupper 30 October 1915(1915-10-30) (aged 94) Last Canadian Father of Confederation 1 July 1867
Tokugawa Yoshinobu 22 November 1913(1913-11-22) (aged 76) Last Shōgun 19 November 1867
Cornelius Cole 3 November 1924(1924-11-03) (aged 102) Last United States Senator who participated in the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson 26 May 1868
Matthew Jackson 4 February 1947 (aged 88)[36] Last participant involved in the escape of John Boyle O'Reilly 2 March 1869
George H. Large 15 August 1939(1939-08-15) (aged 88) Last participant of the first American football game 6 November 1869
Napoleon III 9 January 1873 (aged 64) Last monarch of France 4 September 1870
Augustine Teissier[37] 8 March 1981 (aged 112) Last known subject of Napoleon III
Reginald Courtenay Welch 4 June 1939(1939-06-04) (aged 87)[38] Last participant of the first English FA Cup Final 16 March 1872
James Wilson 6 November 1921 (aged 85) Last Fenian prisoner who escaped the British penal colony of Western Australia on the Catalpa 19 April 1876
Herbert Swire[39][40] 21 December 1934 (aged 84) Last member of the Challenger expedition 24 May 1876
Mary Ann Mitchell (née Stammers) 27 July 1958 (aged 84) Last survivor of the sinking of the SS Georgette 1 December 1876
Tom Garrett 6 August 1943(1943-08-06) (aged 85) Last player from the first official cricket test match 19 March 1877
James Robert Cummins 9 July 1929(1929-07-09) (aged 82) Last member of the James-Younger Gang 7 September 1881
Wyatt Earp 13 January 1929(1929-01-13) (aged 80) Last participant of the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral 26 October 1881
Pete Spence 1914 (aged 61–62) Last member of the Cochise County Cowboys 1882
Alphonse Chodron de Courcel 17 August 1919(1919-08-17) (aged 84) Last participant of the Berlin Conference 26 February 1885
James Stockley[41] 5 March 1954(1954-03-05) (aged 91) Last policeman to work on the Jack the Ripper case 1888
Robert Muldrow 28 July 1950(1950-07-28) (aged 86) Last founder of the National Geographic Society 13 January 1888
Danny Ryan 31 December 1966(1966-12-31) (aged 96) Last member of the Tipperary hurling team that won the first All-Ireland Championship 1 April 1888
Armand Hippolyte Louis Fizeau 18 September 1896 (aged 76) Last of the 72 people whose names are inscribed on the Eiffel Tower 31 March 1889
Frank Shomo[42] 20 March 1997(1997-03-20) (aged 108) Last survivor of the Johnstown Flood 31 May 1889
Pedro II of Brazil 5 December 1891 (aged 66) Last Emperor of Brazil 15 November 1889
Louisa Motley (née Yellow Shield)[43] 1 May 1979 (aged 95) Last survivor of the Wounded Knee Massacre 29 December 1890
Dr. Ernest Gotthold Hildner[44][45] 1 July 1968(1968-07-01) (aged 94) Last participant of the first basketball game ever played 21 December 1891
Michael Shonsey[46] 5 August 1954(1954-08-05) (aged 89) Last veteran of the Johnson County War 24 May 1893
Dimitrios Loundras[47] 15 February 1970(1970-02-15) (aged 84) Last known competitor at the 1896 Summer Olympics 15 April 1896
George Fox[48] 27 December 1964(1964-12-27) (aged 86) Last survivor of the sinking of the USS Maine 15 February 1898
Manu Ruma[49] April 1961 (aged 87) Last veteran of the Dog Tax War 5 May 1898
Emma Bear 13 July 2001 (aged 103) Last American Indian survivor of the Battle of Sugar Point 5 October 1898
Jan Van Mirlo[50][51] 3 June 1964 (aged 87) Last member of the Belgian Antarctic Expedition 5 November 1899
Emma Morano 15 April 2017(2017-04-15) (aged 117)[52] Last person verified to have been born in the 1890s 31 December 1899
Last subject of King Umberto I 29 July 1900
Maude Conic[53] 14 November 2004(2004-11-14) (aged 105–106) Last survivor of the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 12 September 1900
Lucien Démanet 16 March 1979(1979-03-16) (aged 104) Last participant in the 1900 Summer Olympics 28 October 1900
Nabi Tajima 21 April 2018 (aged 117) Last person verified to have been born in the 19th century 31 December 1900

1901–1915[edit]

Name Death Distinction Date ended
Prince Wolfgang of Hesse 12 July 1989(1989-07-12) (aged 92) Last descendant of Queen Victoria born during her lifetime 22 January 1901
Violet Brown 15 September 2017(2017-09-15) (aged 117) Last known subject of Queen Victoria[54]
Laura Bullion 2 December 1961(1961-12-02) (aged 85) Last member of the Wild Bunch gang 2 April 1901
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen 10 February 1923 (aged 77) Last laureate of the first Nobel Prize ceremony 10 December 1901
Léon Compère-Léandre 1936 (aged 62) Last known survivor on the shore of Saint-Pierre during the eruption of Mount Pelée 8 May 1902
Irénise Moulonguet[55] 28 May 2013(2013-05-28) (aged 112) Last witness to the eruption of Mount Pelée
Alauddin Muhammad Da'ud Syah II 6 February 1939(1939-02-06) (aged 74–75) Last Sultan of Aceh 10 January 1903
Gladys Verquin (née Ennis)[56] 20 March 1993(1993-03-20) (aged 91) Last survivor of the Frank Slide 29 April 1903
Roscinda Nolasquez[57] 4 February 1987(1987-02-04) (aged 94) Last speaker of Cupeño and last survivor of the removal of the Cupeño to Pala, California, the final of the Federal Indian Removals 13 May 1903
Jean Dargassies 7 August 1965(1965-08-07) (aged 93) Last known participant of the 1903 Tour de France 19 July 1903
Jennings J. Dunlap[58] 20 September 1964(1964-09-20) (aged 84–85) Last survivor of the Wreck of the Old 97 27 September 1903
Freddy Parent 2 November 1972(1972-11-02) (aged 96) Last player of the 1903 World Series 13 October 1903
Broncho Billy Anderson 20 January 1971(1971-01-20) (aged 90) Last surviving cast member of The Great Train Robbery 1 December 1903
Johnny Moore[59][60] 28 February 1952(1952-02-28) (aged 66) Last witness of the Wright Brothers' first heavier than air flight 17 December 1903
Verde Clark Graff[61] 3 July 1989(1989-07-03) (aged 97) Last survivor of the Iroquois Theatre fire 30 December 1903
Adella Wotherspoon 26 January 2004(2004-01-26) (aged 100) Last and youngest survivor of the General Slocum disaster 15 June 1904
Michael Barne 31 May 1961(1961-05-31) (aged 83) Last participant of the Discovery Expedition 10 September 1904
John Dellert 3 February 1985(1985-02-03) (aged 100) Last participant in the 1904 Summer Olympics 23 November 1904
Princess Olga of Greece and Denmark 16 October 1997(1997-10-16) (aged 94) Last descendant of Christian IX of Denmark born during his lifetime 29 January 1906
William Del Monte[62] 11 January 2016(2016-01-11) (aged 109) Last known survivor of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake 18 April 1906
Vahram Papazyan 6 March 1986(1986-03-06) (aged 93) Last participant in the 1906 Intercalated Games 2 May 1906
Alessandro Cagno 23 December 1971(1971-12-23) (aged 88) Last participant in the 1906 French Grand Prix 27 June 1906
Dorsie Williams Willis[63] 24 August 1977(1977-08-24) (aged 91) Last soldier accused in the Brownsville Affair 13 August 1906
Using Daeng Rangka 1927 (aged 81–82) Last Makassan trepanger to visit Australia 1907
(End of Makassan contact with Australia)
Mangnellai Daeng Maro[64] 1978 (aged 80–81) Last known Makassan traveler to make contact with Australia
Brian Evans-Lombe[65] 31 January 1994(1994-01-31) (aged 100) Last participant of the Brownsea Island Scout camp, the founding event of the Scout movement 8 August 1907
Willem Winkelman 1 July 1990(1990-07-01) (aged 102) Last participant in the 1908 Summer Olympics 31 October 1908
Francesca Nato[66] 16 April 2017(2017-04-16) (aged 110)[67] Last known survivor of the 1908 Messina earthquake 28 December 1908
Philip Brocklehurst 28 January 1975(1975-01-28) (aged 87) Last member of Ernest Shackleton's Nimrod Expedition 23 March 1909
Donald Baxter MacMillan[68] 7 September 1970(1970-09-07) (aged 95) Last member of Robert Peary's final expedition towards the North Pole 6 April 1909
Olav V of Norway 17 January 1991(1991-01-17) (aged 87) Last descendant of Edward VII born during his lifetime 6 May 1910
Sunjong 24 April 1926(1926-04-24) (aged 52) Last Emperor of Korea and last leader of a free united Korean state 29 August 1910
Manuel II 2 July 1932(1932-07-02) (aged 42) Last King of Portugal 5 October 1910
Mary Jo Estep 19 December 1992(1992-12-19) (aged 82–83) Last survivor of the Battle of Kelley Creek 25 February 1911
Rose Freedman[69] 15 February 2001(2001-02-15) (aged 107) Last survivor of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire 25 March 1911
Ralph Mulford 23 October 1973(1973-10-23) (aged 88) Last participant in the 1911 Indianapolis 500 30 May 1911
Ishi 25 March 1916 (aged 55) Last known member of the Native American Yahi people, the last uncontacted peoples of the United States 29 August 1911
Georges Hostelet 4 November 1960 (aged 85) Last attendee of the First Solvay Conference 3 November 1911
Puyi 17 October 1967(1967-10-17) (aged 61) Last Emperor of China 12 February 1912
Zhang Rentian[70][71] 29 April 1995(1995-04-29) (aged 107) Last Scholar of Imperial China
Sid Daniels 25 May 1983(1983-05-25) (aged 89) Last crew member of the RMS Titanic 15 April 1912
Millvina Dean 31 May 2009(2009-05-31) (aged 97) Last and youngest survivor of the sinking of RMS Titanic
Jalmari Kivenheimo 29 October 1994(1994-10-29) (aged 105) Last participant in the 1912 Summer Olympics 22 July 1912
Ermenia Daley (née Padilla)[72] 14 March 2019(2019-03-14) (aged 105) Last survivor of the Ludlow Massacre 20 April 1914
Grace Hanagan (Martyn)[73][74] 15 May 1995(1995-05-15) (aged 87) Last survivor of the sinking of the RMS Empress of Ireland 29 May 1914
Vaso Čubrilović 11 June 1990(1990-06-11) (aged 93) Last participant in the conspiracy to assassinate Archduke Franz Ferdinand 28 June 1914
Alexander Bernard Heron[75] 24 January 2000(2000-01-24) (aged 105) Last worker involved in the construction of the Panama Canal 15 August 1914
Alfred Anderson 21 November 2005(2005-11-21) (aged 109) Last known holder of the 1914 Star 22 November 1914
Last known combatant to participate in the Christmas truce of 1914 24 December 1914
Last Scottish veteran of World War I 11 November 1918
Mary Wynn 22 December 2001(2001-12-22) (aged 99) Last surviving actress from the film The Birth of a Nation 8 February 1915
Audrey Warren Lawson-Johnston (née Pearl)[76][77] 11 January 2011(2011-01-11) (aged 95) Last survivor of the sinking of the RMS Lusitania 7 May 1915
Marion Eichholz[78] 24 November 2014(2014-11-24) (aged 102) Last survivor of the capsizing of the SS Eastland 24 July 1915

1916–1930[edit]

Name Death Distinction Date ended
George Perman[79] 24 May 2000(2000-05-24) (aged 99) Last survivor of the sinking of the HMHS Britannic 21 November 1916
Hank Mann 25 November 1971(1971-11-25) (aged 83) Last surviving member of the Keystone Cops 1917
Nicholas II 17 July 1918(1918-07-17) (aged 50) Last Emperor of All Russia 15 March 1917
Carl Vinson 1 June 1981(1981-06-01) (aged 97) Last member of the United States Congress to vote on the United States declaration of war on Germany 6 April 1917
Richard W. Richards 8 May 1985(1985-05-08) (aged 91) Last member of the British Trans-Antarctic Expedition 29 May 1917
Lúcia Santos 13 February 2005(2005-02-13) (aged 97) Last of the three children who claimed to have spoken to Our Lady of Fátima 13 October 1917
Lazar Kaganovich 25 July 1991(1991-07-25) (aged 97) Last Old Bolshevik to participate in the October Revolution 7 November 1917
Boris Gudz[80] 27 December 2006(2006-12-27) (aged 104) Last participant of the October Revolution
Henry Allingham 18 July 2009(2009-07-18) (aged 113) Last member of the RNAS and last founding member of the Royal Air Force 1 April 1918
Edward Smout 22 June 2004(2004-06-22) (aged 106) Last witness to the death of the Red Baron 21 April 1918
Mykhailo Hrushevsky 24 November 1934(1934-11-24) (aged 68) Last President of the Central Rada of the Ukrainian People's Republic 29 April 1918
Juan Filloy[81] 15 July 2000(2000-07-15) (aged 105) Last student who took part in the Argentine university reform of 1918 12 October 1918
Wilhelm Gisbert Groos[82] 1997 (aged 102–103) Last member of Jasta 11 and possibly last German flying ace of World War I 29 October 1918
Ernst Jünger 17 February 1998(1998-02-17) (aged 102) Last wearer of the military Pour le Mérite 9 November 1918
Harry Patch 25 July 2009(2009-07-25) (aged 111) Last British Army veteran of World War I 11 November 1918
(End of World War I)
Last trench warfare veteran of World War I
James William Pearson 26 January 1993(1993-01-26) (aged 97) Last American World War I flying ace, served with the Royal Air Force
Albert Wagner 20 January 2007(2007-01-20) (aged 107) Last U.S. Marine veteran of World War I
Arthur Raymond Brooks 17 July 1991(1991-07-17) (aged 95) Last Air Service, United States Army flying ace of World War I
Alexander P. de Seversky 24 August 1974(1974-08-24) (aged 80) Last Russian Empire flying ace of World War I
Alfred Pugh[83] 7 January 2004(2004-01-07) (aged 108) Last United States combat veteran wounded in World War I
Florence Green 5 February 2012(2012-02-05) (aged 110) Last participant of World War I and last member of the original Royal Air Force; the Women's Royal Air Force (WRAF)
Charles I of Austria 1 April 1922 (aged 34) Last Emperor of Austria
Otto von Habsburg 4 July 2011(2011-07-04) (aged 98) Last member of the Imperial Habsburg Court
Albert Marshall 16 May 2005(2005-05-16) (aged 108) Last British cavalryman of World War I
Cecil Arthur Lewis 27 January 1997(1997-01-27) (aged 98) Last British flying ace of World War I
Wilhelm II 4 June 1941(1941-06-04) (aged 82) Last German Emperor 28 November 1918
Pavlo Skoropadskyi 26 April 1945(1945-04-26) (aged 71) Last Hetman of the Ukrainian State 14 December 1918
Yevhen Petrushevych 29 August 1940(1940-08-29) (aged 77) Last (and only) President of the Ukrainian National Council of the West Ukrainian People's Republic 22 January 1919
Raul Fernandes[84][85] 6 January 1968(1968-01-06) (aged 90) Last signer of the Treaty of Versailles 28 June 1919
Vittorio Emanuele Orlando 1 December 1952 (aged 92) Last Big Four leader
Swede Risberg 13 October 1975(1975-10-13) (aged 81) Last player involved in the Black Sox Scandal 9 October 1919
José Ameal Peña[86][87] 12 May 2020(2020-05-12) (aged 105) Last survivor of the 1918 flu pandemic in Spain April 1920
Aileen Riggin 17 October 2002(2002-10-17) (aged 96) Last participant in the 1920 Summer Olympics 12 September 1920
George Halas 31 October 1983(1983-10-31) (aged 88) Last participant of a meeting that led to the founding of the National Football League 17 September 1920
Symon Petliura 25 May 1926(1926-05-25) (aged 47) Last Chairman of the Directorate of the Ukrainian People's Republic 10 November 1920
Fritz Pollard 11 May 1986(1986-05-11) (aged 92) Last member of the winning Akron Pros team during the 1920 APFA season 19 December 1920
Peter Casserly 24 June 2005(2005-06-24) (aged 107) Last member of the First Australian Imperial Force 1 April 1921
Lessie Benningfield Randle[88] Living (age 106) Last survivor of the Tulsa race massacre 1 June 1921
Dan Keating 2 October 2007(2007-10-02) (aged 105) Last surviving veteran of the Irish War of Independence 11 July 1921
Altino Gomes da Silva 23 March 1996 (aged 91) Last survivor of the 18 of the Copacabana Fort revolt 6 July 1922
Mary Hall Daniels 2 May 2018 (aged 98) Last known survivor of the Rosewood massacre 7 January 1923
Evelyn Beauchamp 31 January 1980 (aged 79) Last witness of the opening of Tutankhamun's tomb 16 February 1923
Gonzaque Lécureul [de] 31 December 1984(1984-12-31) (aged 97) Last known participant of the 1923 Grand Prix d'Endurance de 24 Heures 27 May 1923
Gene Bruce[89] 6 December 2005(2005-12-06) (aged 98) Last survivor of the Honda Point Disaster 8 September 1923
Emil Klein[90] 22 February 2010(2010-02-22) (aged 104) Last participant of Adolf Hitler's unsuccessful Beer Hall Putsch 9 November 1923
Cecil Smith 9 November 1997(1997-11-09) (aged 89) Last participant in the 1924 Winter Olympics 5 February 1924
Dürrüşehvar Sultan 7 February 2006(2006-02-07) (aged 92) Last member of the Imperial Ottoman Court 3 March 1924
Robert Bloch 17 March 1984(1984-03-17) (aged 95) Last known participant of the 1924 24 Hours of Le Mans 15 June 1924
Ivo Pavelić 22 February 2011(2011-02-22) (aged 103) Last participant in the 1924 Summer Olympics 27 July 1924
Edgar Nollner[91][92] 15 January 1999(1999-01-15) (aged 94) Last musher of the 1925 serum run to Nome 2 February 1925
Thomas J. Brewer[93] 16 August 2003(2003-08-16) (aged 82–83) Last participant in the Scopes Trial 21 July 1925
George Lascelles, 7th Earl of Harewood 11 July 2011(2011-07-11) (aged 88) Last descendant of Queen Alexandra born during her lifetime 20 November 1925
Mary Pickford 29 May 1979(1979-05-29) (aged 87) Last of the original 36 founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 11 January 1927
Last award winner of the 2nd Academy Awards 3 April 1930
Georgia Warren[94] 6 March 2016(2016-03-06) (aged 100) Last person to have been recorded during the Bristol Sessions 5 August 1927
Louis de Broglie 19 March 1987(1987-03-19) (aged 94) Last attendee of the Fifth Solvay Conference 29 October 1927
Hans Kleppen 12 April 2009(2009-04-12) (aged 102) Last participant in the 1928 Winter Olympics 19 February 1928
Last participant in the 1932 Winter Olympics 15 February 1932
Clara Marangoni 18 January 2018(2018-01-18) (aged 102) Last participant in the 1928 Summer Olympics 12 August 1928
Janet Gaynor 14 September 1984(1984-09-14) (aged 77) Last award winner of the 1st Academy Awards 16 May 1929
Norman D. Vaughan 23 December 2005(2005-12-23) (aged 100) Last member of Richard Byrd's first expedition to Antarctica 18 June 1930
Francisco Varallo[95] 30 August 2010(2010-08-30) (aged 100) Last player from the 1930 FIFA World Cup in Uruguay 30 July 1930
Rachel Johnson[96] 7 April 2016(2016-04-07) (aged 93) Last St. Kildan 29 August 1930
Alfred Cook[97] 7 November 1998(1998-11-07) (aged 91) Last known survivor of the R101 disaster 5 October 1930
Venceslau Brás Pereira Gomes 15 May 1966 (aged 98) Last President of First Brazilian Republic 24 October 1930
Nair de Teffé von Hoonholtz 10 June 1981 (aged 95) Last First Lady of First Brazilian Republic
Norma Shearer 12 June 1983(1983-06-12) (aged 80) Last award winner of the 3rd Academy Awards 5 November 1930

1931–1945[edit]

Name Death Distinction Date ended
Albert H. Wolff 21 March 1998(1998-03-21) (aged 95) Last member of the Untouchables 1931
Doris Eaton Travis 11 May 2010(2010-05-11) (aged 106) Last Ziegfeld girl
Alf Howard[98][99] 4 July 2010(2010-07-04) (aged 104) Last member of the BANZARE expedition to Antarctica 19 March 1931
Clarence Norris[100] 27 January 1989(1989-01-27) (aged 75–76) Last Scottsboro Boy 25 March 1931
Floyd Crosby 30 September 1985(1985-09-30) (aged 85) Last award winner of the 4th Academy Awards 10 November 1931
George Haigh[101] 23 April 2019(2019-04-23) (aged 103) Last participant in the Mass trespass of Kinder Scout 24 April 1932
Simone Schaller 20 October 2016(2016-10-20) (aged 104) Last participant in the 1932 Summer Olympics 14 August 1932
Josef Felder 28 October 2000(2000-10-28) (aged 100) Last Reichstag member to vote against the Nazi Enabling Act of 1933 23 March 1933
Moody E. Erwin[102] 20 October 1989(1989-10-20) (aged 85) Last survivor of the USS Akron disaster 3 April 1933
Jennings Randolph 8 May 1998(1998-05-08) (aged 96) Last member of the United States Congress to vote during the First 100 Days 11 June 1933
Lyle Talbot 2 March 1996(1996-03-02) (aged 94) Last founding member of the Screen Actors Guild 12 July 1933
Errie Ball 2 July 2014(2014-07-02) (aged 103) Last participant in the 1934 Masters Tournament 25 March 1934
Karina Vasilieva[103] Living (age 87) Last survivor of the SS Chelyuskin disaster 13 April 1934
Edd L. Miller[104] 18 September 2000(2000-09-18) (aged 87) Last witness to the shooting of Bonnie and Clyde 23 May 1934
René Llense 12 March 2014(2014-03-12) (aged 100) Last participant in the 1934 FIFA World Cup 10 June 1934
Last participant in the 1938 FIFA World Cup 19 June 1938
Thomas J. Conner[105] 14 April 1997(1997-04-14) (aged 90–91) Last member of the FBI team that killed John Dillinger 22 July 1934
Jerry Edgerton[106] 14 September 2013(2013-09-14) (aged 99) Last survivor of the SS Morro Castle disaster 8 September 1934
Bill Eiserman[107] Living (age 91–92) Last witness to the Battle of Barrington 27 November 1934
Jānis Lidmanis 29 November 1986(1986-11-29) (aged 76) Last winner of EuroBasket 1935, the first FIBA EuroBasket regional basketball championship 7 May 1935
Lü Zhengcao 13 October 2009(2009-10-13) (aged 105) Last witness of the Xi'an Incident 26 December 1936
Werner Franz[108] 13 August 2014(2014-08-13) (aged 92) Last crew member to survive the Hindenburg disaster 6 May 1937
Werner Doehner[109] 8 November 2019(2019-11-08) (aged 90) Last passenger to survive the Hindenburg disaster
Walter Walsh 29 April 2014(2014-04-29) (aged 106) Last member of the FBI teams that captured Arthur Barker and killed Al Brady 12 October 1937
Fon Huffman 4 September 2008(2008-09-04) (aged 95) Last survivor of the USS Panay incident 12 December 1937
Ruthie Tompson Living (age 110) Last animator involved in the production of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs 21 December 1937
William Herz 10 May 2016(2016-05-10) (aged 99) Last cast member of The War of the Worlds radio drama 30 October 1938
Con Shiels[110] 3 January 2013(2013-01-03) (aged 96) Last participant in the Jarrow March 31 October 1938
Moon Mullen 28 February 2013(2013-02-28) (aged 96) Last member of the first winners of the NCAA March Madness, the 1938 Oregon Webfoots 27 March 1939
Paul Pietsch 31 May 2012(2012-05-31) (aged 100) Last participant in the 1939 AIACR European Championship, the last full Grand Prix season before World War II 20 August 1939
Kazimierz Świtalski 28 December 1962(1962-12-28) (aged 76) Last Prime Minister of the Second Polish Republic 30 September 1939
Arthur Smith[111] 10 December 2016(2016-12-10) (aged 93–94) Last survivor of the sinking of HMS Royal Oak 14 October 1939
Emilio Ochoa 27 June 2007(2007-06-27) (aged 99) Last signer of the 1940 Constitution of Cuba 1 July 1940
Albert Lebrun 6 March 1950(1950-03-06) (aged 78) Last President of the French Third Republic 11 July 1940
Paul Farnes 28 January 2020(2020-01-28) (aged 101) Last flying ace of the Battle of Britain 31 October 1940
John Hemingway Living (age 101) Last verified surviving airman (The Few) of the Battle of Britain
Robert R. Johnson[112] Living (age 100–101) Last survivor of the United States Antarctic Service Expedition 22 March 1941
Ted Briggs 4 October 2008(2008-10-04) (aged 85) Last survivor of the sinking of the HMS Hood 24 May 1941
Donald "Nick" Clifford[113][114] 23 November 2019(2019-11-23) (aged 98) Last worker who participated in the construction of Mount Rushmore 31 October 1941
Edwin Arthur Hall 18 October 2004(2004-10-18) (aged 95) Last member of the United States Congress to vote on the United States declaration of war on Japan 8 December 1941
Gerhard Klopfer 29 January 1987(1987-01-29) (aged 81) Last attendant of the Wannsee Conference 20 January 1942
David Stoliar 1 May 2014(2014-05-01) (aged 91) Last survivor of the Struma disaster 24 February 1942
Lloyd Seaward[115] 16 March 2020(2020-03-16) (aged 102) Last survivor of the sinking of the HMS Exeter 1 March 1942
Rudolf Brazda 3 August 2011(2011-08-03) (aged 98) Last concentration camp survivor deported by Nazi Germany on charges of homosexuality 8 August 1942
Tuomas Gerdt[116] 1 November 2020(2020-11-01) (aged 98) Last recipient of the Mannerheim Cross 8 September 1942
Orrel Glenn Cecil[117] 4 November 2010(2010-11-04) (aged 90) Last survivor of the sinking of the USS Juneau 13 November 1942
Havala Laula[118] 24 December 2017(2017-12-24) (aged 92) Last known member of the Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels during the Kokoda Track campaign 16 November 1942
Bill Sparks 1 December 2002(2002-12-01) (aged 80) Last member of the Cockleshell Heroes 12 December 1942
Joachim Rønneberg 21 October 2018(2018-10-21) (aged 99) Last officer of Operation Gunnerside 16 February 1943
Traute Lafrenz[119] Living (age 101) Last member of the White Rose 18 February 1943
Viktor Zhelobkovich[120] 24 May 2020(2020-05-24) (aged 86) Last survivor of the Khatyn massacre 22 March 1943
Marek Edelman 2 October 2009(2009-10-02) (aged 86–87) Last leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising 16 May 1943
Aliza Melamed Vitis-Shomron[121] Living (age 92–93) Last participant of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Samuel Willenberg 19 February 2016(2016-02-19) (aged 93) Last participant in the revolt at the Treblinka extermination camp 2 August 1943
Gerard Zinser[122] 21 August 2001(2001-08-21) (aged 83) Last crewman of Motor Torpedo Boat PT-109
Simjon Rosenfeld[123] 3 June 2019(2019-06-03) (aged 96) Last survivor of the Sobibor uprising 14 October 1943
Emanuele Di Porto[124] Living (age 89–90) Last survivor of the Raid of the Ghetto of Rome 16 October 1943
Jennifer Jones 17 December 2009(2009-12-17) (aged 90) Last award winner of the 1st Golden Globe Awards 20 January 1944
Frank Ellis Sublett[125] 27 September 2006(2006-09-27) (aged 86) Last member of the Golden Thirteen March 1944
Richard Sidney Albion Churchill[126] 13 February 2019(2019-02-13) (aged 99)[127] Last prisoner who participated in the Great Escape from Stalag Luft III 25 March 1944
Clifford Brewer[128] 29 April 2017(2017-04-29) (aged 104) Last surgeon involved in the Normandy landings 6 June 1944
David Wood 12 March 2009(2009-03-12) (aged 86) Last officer of Operation Deadstick during the Normandy landings
Robert Hébras Living (age 95) Last survivor of the Oradour-sur-Glane massacre 10 June 1944
Ewald-Heinrich von Kleist-Schmenzin 8 March 2013(2013-03-08) (aged 90) Last participant of the 20 July plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler 20 July 1944
Edward Osóbka-Morawski 9 January 1997(1997-01-09) (aged 87) Last signer of the PKWN Manifesto 22 July 1944
Miep Gies 11 January 2010(2010-01-11) (aged 100) Last member of the group which hid Anne Frank in the Secret Annex 4 August 1944
Teruo Murakami[129][130] Living (age 91–92) Last participant of the Cowra breakout 5 August 1944
Bill Leibold[131] Living (age 97–98) Last survivor of the sinking of the USS Tang 25 October 1944
Joe Medicine Crow 3 April 2016(2016-04-03) (aged 102) Last war chief of the Crow Nation and last Plains Indian war chief 1945
Dario Gabbai 25 March 2020(2020-03-25) (aged 97) Last member of the Sonderkommando at Auschwitz 18 January 1945
Charles W. Lindberg 24 June 2007(2007-06-24) (aged 86) Last Marine in the Iwo Jima Flag Raisings 23 February 1945
Günther Schwägermann Living (age 105) Last survivor of the Führerbunker during the Battle of Berlin 30 April 1945
Luciano "Louis" C. Graziano[132][133] Living (age 97) Last witness to the German Surrender ceremony 7 May 1945
Rudolf Hess 17 August 1987(1987-08-17) (aged 93) Last cabinet member of the Third Reich 8 May 1945
Harold Stassen 4 March 2001(2001-03-04) (aged 93) Last signer of the United Nations Charter 26 June 1945
Theodore Van Kirk 28 July 2014(2014-07-28) (aged 93) Last crew member of the Enola Gay 6 August 1945
Russell Gackenbach[134][135] 13 November 2019 (aged 96) Last crew member of the Necessary Evil 9 August 1945
Levi Oakes[136] 28 May 2019(2019-05-28) (aged 94) Last Mohawk code talker 2 September 1945
(End of World War II)
Earl C. Acuff 13 February 2013 (aged 94) Last member of Castner's Cutthroats
Robert Kenneth Kaufman[137] 10 February 2019(2019-02-10) (aged 99) Last American officer present at the Surrender of Japan on board the USS Missouri
Bruce Fraser, 1st Baron Fraser of North Cape 12 February 1981(1981-02-12) (aged 93) Last signer of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender
Claude Choules 5 May 2011(2011-05-05) (aged 110) Last veteran of both World War I and World War II
Jerzy Glowczewski[138] 14 May 2020(2020-05-14) (aged 97) Last pilot in the Polish Air Forces in France and Great Britain
Michael I of Romania 5 December 2017(2017-12-05) (aged 96) Last recipient of the Order of Victory 9 September 1945
Last King of Romania 30 December 1947
Betty McIntosh[139][140] 8 June 2015(2015-06-08) (aged 100) Last woman assigned to the Morale Operations Branch of the OSS in World War II 20 September 1945
Edward Shames Living (age 98) Last officer of Easy Company, 2nd Battalion in World War II 30 November 1945

1946–1960[edit]

Name Death Distinction Date ended
Hubert Germain Living (age 100) Last Compagnon de la Libération 23 January 1946
Victor Emmanuel III of Italy 28 December 1947 (aged 78) Last King of Albania 9 May 1946
Umberto II 18 March 1983(1983-03-18) (aged 78) Last King of Italy 12 June 1946
Consalvo Sanesi 28 July 1998(1998-07-28) (aged 87) Last participant of the 1946 Turin Grand Prix, the first Formula One Grand Prix 1 September 1946
Simeon II Living (age 83) Last Tsar of Bulgaria 15 September 1946
Benjamin Ferencz Living (age 100) Last prosecutor during the Nuremberg Trials 1 October 1946
Ossie Schectman 30 July 2013(2013-07-30) (aged 94) Last participant of the Inaugural NBA Game 1 November 1946
John L. Tucker[141] Living (age 102) Last surviving scientist of the Manhattan project 31 December 1946
Brajraj Mahapatra 30 November 2015(2015-11-30) (aged 94) Last royal to sign the merger agreement with the Indian state 1947
Maharaja Tej Singh Prabhakar 15 February 2009(2009-02-15) (aged 97) Last recipient of the Order of the Star of India
Mayurdwajsinhji Meghrajji III 1 August 2010(2010-08-01) (aged 87) Last recipient of the Order of the Indian Empire
Patricia Neal 8 August 2010(2010-08-08) (aged 84) Last award winner of the 1st Tony Awards 6 April 1947
Jerry Rullo 21 October 2016(2016-10-21) (aged 94) Last winner in the 1947 BAA Finals, the inaugural National Basketball Association season 22 April 1947
Knut Haugland 25 December 2009(2009-12-25) (aged 92) Last crew member on the Kon-Tiki expedition 7 August 1947
Ring Lardner Jr. 31 October 2000(2000-10-31) (aged 85) Last member of the Hollywood Ten 25 November 1947
Clarence Beavers 4 December 2017(2017-12-04) (aged 96) Last member of the Triple Nickles 15 December 1947
Gopal Godse[142] 26 November 2005(2005-11-26) (aged 86) Last conspirator involved in the assassination of Gandhi 30 January 1948
Murray Dowey Living (age 95) Last member of Canada men's national ice hockey team at the 1948 Winter Olympics 8 February 1948
Arieh Handler 20 May 2011(2011-05-20) (aged 95) Last witness to the signing of the Israeli Declaration of Independence 14 May 1948
Edward VIII 28 May 1972(1972-05-28) (aged 77) Last surviving British monarch to hold the title of Emperor of India 22 June 1948
Hernán Santa Cruz 1999(1999-00-00) (aged 92–93) Last member of the Drafting Committee of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 10 December 1948
Arnie Ferrin Living (age 95) Last Minneapolis Lakers player to participate in the 1949 BAA Finals 13 April 1949
Ernie Lyons 5 February 2014(2014-02-05) (aged 99) Last rider of the first 1949 motorcycle Grand Prix, the Isle of Man TT 17 June 1949
Archie Smith[citation needed] 27 December 2019(2019-12-27) (aged 90) Last driver in the inaugural 1949 NASCAR Series 19 June 1949
Isaak Khalatnikov[143] 9 January 2021(2021-01-09) (aged 101) Last physicist involved in the Soviet atomic bomb project 29 August 1949
Tony Lovink 27 March 1995(1995-03-27) (aged 92) Last Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies 27 December 1949
Andor Lilienthal 5 August 2010(2010-08-05) (aged 99) Last of the original FIDE chess grandmasters 1950
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma 27 August 1979(1979-08-27) (aged 79) Last Governor-General of India 26 January 1950
Tony Rolt 6 February 2008(2008-02-06) (aged 89) Last driver in the first World Championship Grand Prix 13 May 1950
Robert Manzon 19 January 2015(2015-01-19) (aged 97) Last driver to take part in the inaugural FIA World Championship of Drivers 3 September 1950
Omar Bradley 8 April 1981(1981-04-08) (aged 88) Last General of the Army and last American to hold a Five-star rank 22 September 1950
Ian Hamilton Living (age 95) Last participant in the removal of the Stone of Scone from Westminster Abbey 25 December 1950
Tsuzuko Sugawara [ja] Living (age 93) Last performer at the 1st [ja] NHK Kōhaku Uta Gassen 3 January 1951
Rokurō Tsuruta [ja] 30 March 1997(1997-03-30) (aged 80) Last performer on the winning team at the 1st [ja] NHK Kōhaku Uta Gassen
Morton Sobell 26 December 2018(2018-12-26) (aged 101) Last defendant in the Rosenberg spy trial 5 April 1951
Andrew Fitzgerald[144] 15 November 2018(2018-11-15) (aged 86) Last Coast Guard rescuer involved in the S.S. Pendleton rescue 18 February 1952
Reginald Kray 1 October 2000(2000-10-01) (aged 66) Last prisoner at the Tower of London March 1952
Kenneth McAlpine Living (age 100) Last participant of the 1952 World Championship of Drivers 18 May 1952
Jenő Buzánszky 11 January 2015(2015-01-11) (aged 89) Last member of the Golden Team at the 1952 Summer Olympics 3 August 1952
Last member of the Golden Team at the 1954 FIFA World Cup 4 July 1954
Nikolai Baibakov 31 March 2008(2008-03-31) (aged 97) Last Soviet government minister who served during the Stalin Era 5 March 1953
Nuritdin Mukhitdinov 27 August 2008(2008-08-27) (aged 90) Last member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the Stalin Era
Kanchha Sherpa[145] Living (age 87–88) Last member of the 1953 British Everest Expedition 29 May 1953
William Kelly Harrison, Jr. 29 May 1987(1987-05-29) (aged 91) Last signer of the Korean Armistice Agreement 27 July 1953
Paik Sun-yup 10 July 2020(2020-07-10) (aged 99) Last South Korean commander in the Korean War
Sergey Kramarenko 21 May 2020(2020-05-21) (aged 97) Last Soviet Korean War flying ace
Charles G. Cleveland Living (age 93) Last American Korean War flying ace
Jackie Sewell 26 September 2016(2016-09-26) (aged 89) Last player in the Match of the Century 25 November 1953
Kenneth A. Roberts 9 May 1989(1989-05-09) (aged 76) Last wounded congressman in the 1954 United States Capitol shooting incident 1 March 1954
Rafael Cancel Miranda 2 March 2020(2020-03-02) (aged 89) Last perpetrator in the 1954 United States Capitol shooting incident
Viktor Shuvalov Living (age 97) Last living member of the inaugural Soviet Union national ice hockey team at the 1954 Ice Hockey World Championships 7 March 1954
Last living member of the Soviet Union national ice hockey team at the 1956 Winter Olympic Games 5 February 1956
Zelma Henderson 20 May 2008(2008-05-20) (aged 88) Last plaintiff in the Brown v. Board of Education case 17 May 1954
Horst Eckel Living (age 89) Last player in the 1954 FIFA World Cup Final 4 July 1954
Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington[146] 9 July 2018(2018-07-09) (aged 99) Last member of the Third Churchill ministry 5 April 1955
Last member of the Eden ministry 9 January 1957
Last member of the Macmillan ministry 18 October 1963
Richard Harding Poff 27 June 2011(2011-06-27) (aged 87) Last signer of the Southern Manifesto 12 March 1956
Iskander Mirza 13 November 1969(1969-11-13) (aged 80) Last Governor-General of Pakistan 23 March 1956
Francisco Gento Living (age 87) Last winner of the 1956 European Cup Final, the inaugural UEFA Champions League 13 June 1956
Jerry Lee Lewis Living (age 85) Last member of the Million Dollar Quartet 4 December 1956
Nikita Simonyan Living (age 94) Last living member of the Soviet Union national football team at the 1956 Summer Olympics 8 December 1956
Maurice Faure[147] 6 March 2014(2014-03-06) (aged 92) Last signer of the Treaty of Rome 25 March 1957
Krachang Tularak 23 June 2009(2009-06-23) (aged 96) Last member of the Khana Ratsadon 16 September 1957
Bobby Charlton Living (age 83) Last Manchester United F.C. player to survive the Munich air disaster 6 February 1958
A. J. Foyt Living (age 86) Last driver to participate in the Races of Two Worlds 29 June 1958
Alvils Gulbis Living (age 84) Last winner of the 1958 FIBA European Champions Cup, the inaugural EuroLeague season 19 July 1958
Bill Hastie[148] 7 November 2020 (aged 101)[149] Last survivor of the Knox Mine Disaster 22 January 1959
Jimmy Cobb 24 May 2020(2020-05-24) (aged 91) Last player in the Kind of Blue recording sessions 22 April 1959
Barron Hilton 19 September 2019(2019-09-19) (aged 91) Last member of the Foolish Club, the 8 original franchise owners of American Football League teams 14 August 1959
Boris Volynov Living (age 86) Last living member of the First Squad of Soviet Cosmonauts 7 March 1960
Kurt Diemberger Living (age 88) Last person to make the first ascents on two mountains over 8,000 metres 25 May 1960
William Hare, 5th Earl of Listowel 12 March 1997(1997-03-12) (aged 90) Last Governor-General of Ghana 1 July 1960
Viktor Ponedelnik 5 December 2020(2020-12-05) (aged 83) Last winner of the 1960 European Nations' Cup, the inaugural UEFA European Championship 10 July 1960
Željko Matuš Living (age 85) Last football player in the 1960 European Nations' Cup Final, the inaugural UEFA European Championship final
Sander Vanocur 16 September 2019(2019-09-16) (aged 91) Last on-screen participant in the first Kennedy-Nixon presidential debate 26 September 1960

1961–1999[edit]

Name Death Distinction Date ended
C. R. Swart 16 July 1982(1982-07-16) (aged 87) Last Governor-General of South Africa 30 April 1961
Antonio Imbert Barrera 31 May 2016(2016-05-31) (aged 95) Last participant in the assassination of Rafael Trujillo 30 May 1961
Ted Sorensen 31 October 2010(2010-10-31) (aged 82) Last member of EXCOMM during the Cuban Missile Crisis 28 October 1962
Richard Turnbull 21 December 1998(1998-12-21) (aged 89) Last Governor-General of Tanganyika 9 December 1962
John Glenn 8 December 2016(2016-12-08) (aged 95) Last astronaut from Project Mercury and therefore last member of the Mercury Seven 16 May 1963
Valentina Tereshkova Living (age 83) Last cosmonaut who flew in a Vostok mission 19 June 1963
Tommy Wisbey 30 December 2016(2016-12-30) (aged 86) Last known participant in the Great Train Robbery 8 August 1963
John Lewis 17 July 2020(2020-07-17) (aged 80) Last speaker at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom and last member of the Big Six 28 August 1963
Thomas Edwin Blanton Jr. 26 June 2020(2020-06-26) (aged 82) Last perpetrator in the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing 15 September 1963
Nnamdi Azikiwe 11 May 1996(1996-05-11) (aged 91) Last Governor-General of Nigeria 1 October 1963
Walter Coutts 4 November 1988(1988-11-04) (aged 75) Last Governor-General of Uganda 9 October 1963
Clint Hill Living (age 89) Last passenger of John F. Kennedy's presidential limousine after Kennedy was shot 22 November 1963
James Ramsden 29 March 2020(2020-03-29) (aged 96) Last Secretary of State for War 1 April 1964
Andrew Mlangeni 21 July 2020(2020-07-21) (aged 95) Last Rivonia Trialist 12 June 1964
Birch Bayh 14 March 2019(2019-03-14) (aged 91) Last United States Senator to vote on the Civil Rights Act of 1964 19 June 1964
Gerald Ford 26 December 2006(2006-12-26) (aged 93) Last member of the Warren Commission 24 September 1964
Suhardiman 13 December 2015(2015-12-13) (aged 90) Last signer of the declaration of the Golkar 20 October 1964
Malcolm MacDonald 11 January 1981(1981-01-11) (aged 79) Last Governor-General of Kenya 12 December 1964
Alexei Leonov 11 October 2019(2019-10-11) (aged 85) Last member of the Voskhod programme 19 March 1965
Glyn Smallwood Jones 10 June 1992(1992-06-10) (aged 84) Last Governor-General of Malawi 6 July 1966
Waldemar Levy Cardoso 13 May 2009 (aged 108) Last Marshal of Brasil 1967
Artati Marzuki-Sudirdjo 15 June 2011(2011-06-15) (aged 90) Last minister who served in Sukarno's regime 12 March 1967
Stylianos Pattakos 8 October 2016(2016-10-08) (aged 103) Last leader of the 1967 Greek coup d'état and subsequent military junta 21 April 1967
Fred R. Harris Living (age 90) Last living member of the Kerner Commission 29 February 1968
Walter Cunningham Living (age 88) Last crew member of Apollo 7 22 October 1968
Joe Engle Living (age 88) Last X-15 pilot 24 October 1968
Ralph Leonard Starkey 2 February 2019(2019-02-02) (aged 91) Last survivor of the Farmington Mine No.9 Disaster 20 November 1968
Thomas P. Stafford Living (age 90) Last crew member of Apollo 10 26 May 1969
Alan Bean 26 May 2018(2018-05-26) (aged 86) Last crew member of Apollo 12 24 November 1969
Joe DeRita 3 July 1993(1993-07-03) (aged 83) Last surviving member of The Three Stooges 5 February 1970
Farimang Mamadi Singateh 19 May 1977(1977-05-19) (aged 64) Last Governor-General of the Gambia 24 April 1970
James Cross 6 January 2021(2021-01-06) (aged 99) Last kidnapping victim of the Front de libération du Québec during the October Crisis 28 December 1970
Jacques Rose Living (age 74) Last perpetrator of the October Crisis
Edgar Mitchell 4 February 2016(2016-02-04) (aged 85) Last crew member of Apollo 14 9 February 1971
David Scott Living (age 88) Last crew member of Apollo 15 7 August 1971
Nurul Amin 2 October 1974 (aged 81) Last Prime Minister of both the East and West wings of Pakistan 16 December 1971
William Gopallawa 31 January 1981(1981-01-31) (aged 84) Last Governor-General of Ceylon 22 May 1972
G. Gordon Liddy Living (age 90) Last member of the original Watergate Seven 17 June 1972
Ernest Hendon[150] 16 January 2004(2004-01-16) (aged 96) Last survivor of the Tuskegee syphilis experiment November 1972
Harrison Schmitt Living (age 85) Last crew member of Apollo 17 19 December 1972
Idham Chalid 11 July 2010(2010-07-11) (aged 88) Last signer of the declaration of the United Development Party 5 January 1973
Sabam Sirait Living (age 84) Last signer of the declaration of the Indonesian Democratic Party 11 January 1973
Constantine II Living (age 80) Last King of Greece 1 June 1973
Joseph P. Kerwin Living (age 89) Last crew member of Skylab 2, the first manned mission to Skylab 22 June 1973
Jack R. Lousma Living (age 84) Last crew member of Skylab 3 25 September 1973
William Ruckelshaus 27 November 2019(2019-11-27) (aged 87) Last government official involved in the Saturday Night Massacre 20 October 1973
Edward Gibson Living (age 84) Last crew member of Skylab 4, the final manned mission to Skylab 8 February 1974
Lowell Weicker Living (age 89) Last living member of the United States Senate Watergate Committee 27 June 1974
Ronald Reagan 5 June 2004(2004-06-05) (aged 93) Last member of the Rockefeller Commission 1975
Nguyễn Văn Thiệu 29 September 2001(2001-09-29) (aged 78) Last former President of South Vietnam 30 April 1975
Khamtai Siphandon Living (age 97) Last Pathet Lao leader in the Vietnam War
Fernando Suárez González Living (age 87) Last minister who served in Francisco Franco's regime 20 November 1975
José Alberty Correia [pt] 9 June 2011(2011-06-09) (aged 94) Last Governor of Portuguese Timor 28 November 1975
Tôn Đức Thắng 30 March 1980(1980-03-30) (aged 91) Last President of North Vietnam 2 July 1976
Yao Wenyuan[151] 23 December 2005(2005-12-23) (aged 74) Last member of China's Gang of Four 6 October 1976
Ollie Johnston 14 April 2008 (aged 95) Last of Walt Disney's Nine Old Men 22 June 1977
Larry Newman 20 December 2010(2010-12-20) (aged 63) Last crew member of the Double Eagle II 17 August 1978
Khieu Samphan Living (age 89) Last senior member of the Khmer Rouge 7 January 1979
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi 27 July 1980(1980-07-27) (aged 60) Last Shah of Iran 11 February 1979
Luz Isabel Cuevas 6 May 2014(2014-05-06) (aged 91)[152] Last witness to the assassination of El Salvadorian bishop Óscar Romero 24 March 1980
Robert Crippen Living (age 83) Last crew member of STS-1, first operational flight of the Space Shuttle program 14 April 1981
Mikhail Gorbachev Living (age 89) Last living member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the Brezhnev Era 10 November 1982
Last Head of State of the Soviet Union 25 December 1991
Karel Urbánek Living (age 79) Last General Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia 20 December 1989
Edward Babiuch 2 February 2021(2021-02-02) (aged 93) Last Prime Minister of the Polish People's Republic 31 December 1989
Stanisław Kania 3 March 2020(2020-03-03) (aged 92) Last leader of the Polish United Workers' Party 29 January 1990
Aleksandar Lilov 20 July 2013 (aged 79) Last Chairman of the Bulgarian Communist Party 3 April 1990
Egon Krenz Living (age 83) Last Chairman of the State Council of East Germany 5 April 1990
Dmitry Yazov 25 February 2020(2020-02-25) (aged 95) Last Marshal of the Soviet Union 28 April 1990
Helmut Kohl 16 June 2017(2017-06-16) (aged 87) Last Chancellor of West Germany 3 October 1990
Oleg Baklanov Living (age 88) Last living member of the State Committee on the State of Emergency (GKChP) 21 August 1991
Stanislav Hurenko 14 April 2013(2013-04-14) (aged 76) Last First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Ukrainian SSR 1 September 1991
Vadim Bakatin Living (age 83) Last Chairman of the KGB 16 November 1991
Milan Kučan Living (age 80) Last President of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia 23 December 1991
Denis Sassou Nguesso Living (age 77) Last President of the People's Republic of the Congo 25 March 1992
Václav Havel 18 December 2011(2011-12-18) (aged 75) Last President of Czechoslovakia 31 December 1992
Cornelius Botha 6 February 2014(2014-02-06) (aged 81) Last administrator of the Natal Province 27 April 1994
F. W. de Klerk Living (age 84) Last leader of the apartheid government of South Africa and last State President 10 May 1994
Haris Silajdžić Living (age 75) Last Prime Minister of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina 7 January 1997
Mário Viegas Carrascalão 19 May 2017(2017-05-19) (aged 80) Last Governor of Timor Timur 25 October 1999

2000–present[edit]

Name Death Distinction Date ended
Gyanendra Living (age 73) Last King of Nepal 28 May 2008
Yuri Oganessian Living (age 87) Last individual person to have a chemical element named after him. He is historically one of only two individuals with elements named after them in their lifetimes. The other was Glenn T. Seaborg (Seaborgium), who died in 1999. 28 November 2016

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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