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John (Plantagenet) of England
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John (Plantagenet) of England (1166 - 1216)

John "King of England, Lackland" of England formerly Plantagenet
Born in Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 29 Aug 1189 (to before 30 Aug 1199) in Marlborough Castle, Englandmap
Husband of — married 24 Aug 1200 in Bordeaux, Francemap
Descendants descendants
Died in Newark, Nottinghamshire, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 1 Feb 2011 | Last significant change: 8 Nov 2021
This page has been accessed 103,315 times.
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Preceded by
Richard I
King of England
6 April 1199 – 19 October 1216
Succeeded by
Henry III

Contents

Biography

Early Life: Birth and Parents

Name

The House of Plantagenet crest.
John (Plantagenet) of England is a member of the House of Plantagenet.
  • Richardson refers to him as "John of England" [1]
  • Nicknamed "Lackland" [1]

Titles

  • King of England
  • Lord of Ireland
  • Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine
  • Count of Anjou [1]

Birth

He was born at Oxford about 27 December 1166, the youngest son of his parents, [1] King Henry II and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine.

John was born 24 December 1166 or 1167 in Newark Castle, Lincolnshire, the son of Henry II, King of England and his wife Eléonore Dutchess of Aquitaine. Cawley notes that the primary sources are contradictory regarding John´s year of birth. [2]

Siblings

John had three brothers and three sisters:

  1. Henry the Young King (1155–1183),
  2. Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany (1158–1186)
  3. Richard the Lionheart.
  4. Matilda, Duchess of Saxony (1156–1189),
  5. Leonora of England (1161–1214)
  6. Joan Plantagenet (1165–1199)

Timeline of John's Reign

1177 John was designated King of Ireland in 1177 at the age of 11. [2]
1183 Jun: Dysentery kills the Young King. Richard's heir.
1184 Philip de Winchester was made Governor & Earl John, the son of King Henry, was made Lord of Ireland [3]
1185 Mar: His father knighted him and sent him to govern Ireland. He treated the Irishmen with such insolence they deserted the English cause. His father recalled him from Ireland in September.[1]
1186 Jul: Geoffrey dies in tournament.
1187 Saladin captures Jerusalem.
1189 ♦ Marriage to Isabel of Gloucester

♦ 06 Jul: Henry II dies at Chateau Chinon &diams: Richard is king.
♦ King Richard titles John: Count of Mortain[2] and Lord of Ireland (formerly king of Ireland under Henry II).[4] Orders him to stay out of England for 3 years.
♦ Richard names Arthur of Brittany, eldest son of brother Geoffrey as heir.

1190 4th of July: Richard goes on Third Crusade
1192 Going home, Richard shipwrecks off Adriatic coast. Duke of Austria imprisons him for ransom.
1190 - 1194♦ Tries to overthrow William Longchamp, Bishop of Ely and take the throne.
♦ Legend of Robin Hood is born.
1194 04 Feb: Richard's ransomed and released.
1199 ♦ 06 Apr: Lionheart dies. John takes throne.

♦ May 27, 1199: Coronation. 27 May 1199
♦ Marriage to Isabel of Gloucester annulled.

1200 24 Aug: Marries Isabelle of Angouleme. Issue:

♦ Henry (King Henry III)
♦ Richard, Earl of Cornwall
♦ Joan of England
♦ Isabella of England
♦ Eleanor of England

1202 Fourth Crusade

♦ 28 Apr: Declared a rebel, forfeits Aquitaine, Poitou and Anjou to Philippe of France.

1203 03 Apr: Rumors say John murdered Arthur of Brittany.[4]
1205 Dispute with Pope Innocent III.
1207 Rejects Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury.[4]
1208Papacy puts interdict on England. All church services stop.[4]
1209 Pope Innocent III excommunicates John. Lackland confiscates church revenue to finance military. Comes to enjoy wealth excommunication brings.[4] Ban later lifted.
1211 Defeats Llywelyn the Great.[4]
1214 27 Jul: Defeat at Battle of Bouvines: forced to accept unfavorable peace with France.
1212 Imposes taxes on Barons to regain Aquitaine, Poitou and Anjou.
1215 15 Jun: Barons force John to sign Magna Carta.
1215 - 1217 First Baron's War: Rebel barons support Prince Louis, son of the French king.
1216 ♦ 21 May: Louis invades England. Marches to London. With support, proclaimed and accepted as England's king (not crowned). John flees to Winchester.

♦ 14 Jun: Louis captures Winchester. Conquers over half the kingdom.
Seige of Dover Castle 25 Jul: Louis fails to capture castle.
♦ 19 Oct: John dies at Newark. Buried in Worcester Cathedral.
♦ 28 Oct: Barons turn on Louis and support John's nine year old son ... Henry III.

Marriages and Mistresses

In 1173 he was contracted to marry Alice of Maurienne, eldest daughter of Humbert III, Count of Maurienne and Savoy, Marquis of Italy. The marriage did not take place due to a dispute about castles. [1]

First Marriage

John married first at Marlborough, Wiltshire, 29 August 1189 Isabel of Gloucester, youngest daughter and co-heiress of William Fitz Robert, Earl of Gloucester. Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury, protested against the marriage, John and Isabel being related. They had no issue. Upon becoming king in 1199, John obtained a divorce on grounds of consanguinity. She was then kept a state prisoner until 1214. [1]

Second marriage and children

At Bordeaux on 24 August 1200 John then married Isabelle (Angoulême) de Lusignan, born Angouleme, Charente, Poitou, France. Isabel of Angouleme. They had five children. [1]

  1. Henry (Plantagenet) of England, born Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, 1 October 1207, succeeded his father as Henry III, King of England[5]
  2. Richard (Plantagenet) of England, born Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, 5 January 1209, created 1st Earl of Cornwall, died 1272[5]
  3. Joan (Plantagenet) of Scotland born Gloucester, Gloucesteshire, England, 22 July 1210, [5] married Alexander II of Scotland, and died 1238 [5]
  4. Isabella (Plantagenet) Hohenstaufen , born Gloucester, 1214 [5] married Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor.
  5. Eleanor (Plantagenet) Montfort , born Winchester, 1215, [5] married 1) William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke; married 2) Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, and died 1275.

Possible mistresses

Clemence was most likely the mother of Joan FitzJohn who was born, probably in 1188, quite possibly in France, and who subsequently married Llywelyn the Great (Llywelyn Fawr). See full discussion of Joan's possible mothers on her profile. The Annals of Tewkesbury name Clemencia as the mother of Llewelyn's wife Johanna when recording Johanna's death. [2] Cawley reports that Clementia's husband is identified as "Henry Pinel" by Weir, but without identification of a primary source. [2]


Agatha de Ferrers was well known as a mistress of John's over time. She never married. She is thought in some circles to be the mother of Joan. See full discussion of Joan's possible mothers on her profile. But there are numerous Agathas. Which one was John's mistress?

  • Agatha de Ferrers, b. 1168. daughter of William, 3rd Earl and Sybil Braose. Sister of millicent and William 4th Earl. On Pedigree form as concubine.
  • Agatha de Ferrers, b. 1192. daughter of William, 4th earl. Empty profile.
  • Agatha Pinel. The profile conflates Agatha and Clemence and a marriage to Henry Pinel.

Unknown de Warenne, sometimes she was assumed to be Ela (Warenne) de Newburgh, born in Surry, England, 1166, but only verified as an unknown daughter of her father, Hamelin, 5th Earl of Surrey.

Isabella FitzRobert born Fylingdale, Yorkshire, England, 1160

Possible illegitimate children

  1. Joan FitzJohn born London, Middlesex, 1189 [5] Joan, Lady of Wales[6] Joan of England married Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of North Wales, Prince of Aberffraw, Lord of Snowden. [7]
  2. Richard (FitzRoy) FitzJohn , born 1186 Chilham Castle, Kent [5] Richard Fitz Roy[8] Child of Unknown de Warenne, daughter of Hamelin, 5th Earl of Surrey. [7]
  3. Oliver (Plantagenet) FitzRoy, born 1187, Westminster, Middlesex [5] Oliver FitzRoy[9]. Child of John and Hawise Fitzwarin, daughter of Fulk Fitswarin, by Hawise, daughter and heiress of Jose de Dinan. [7] October 1215 given a tun of wine by his father the king. 1218 went on crusade with papel legate, died at Damietta. [7]
  4. Geofrey (Plantagenet) FitzRoy, born England 1192[5] Geoffrey FitzRoy[10] Child of King John by an unknown mistress. [7]
  5. John (Plantagenet) FitzRoy, born 1180, Hutt, Lancashire [5] John FitzRoy[11] Child of King John by an unknown mistress. [7]
  6. Henry FitzRoy, born Lancashire, 1207[5] Henry FitzRoy (d. 1245) Child of King John by an unknown mistress. [7]
  7. Osbert (Plantagenet) Gifford, born Oxfordshire, 1205 [5] Osbert Gifford [12] (living 1216)[13]Child of King John by an unknown mistress. [7]
  8. Eudo (Plantagenet) FitzRoy, born 1192, Essex [5] Eudes FitzRoy, who accompanied his half-brother Richard on Crusade and died in the Holy Land in 1241. Richard says is the same person as Ives or Ivo. Ivo (Plantagenet) FitzRoy, born Essex 1194 [5] Child of King John by an unknown mistress. [7]
  9. Bartholomew FitzRoy[14]Child of King John by an unknown mistress. [7]
  10. Unknown daughter FitzRoy, married Unknown Meulan, parents of Roger de Meulan. Child of King John by an unknown mistress. [7]
  11. Maud FitzRoy, Abbess of Barking (d.1252)Child of King John by an unknown mistress. [7]
  12. Isabel (FitzRoy) FitzIves, born 1186 [5] Isabel FitzRoy m. Richard Fitz Ives. Alleged child of King John by an unknown mistress. [7]
  13. Philip FitzRoy[15][16] Possible child of King John by an unknown mistress. [7]

Death and Burial

John died 18/19 October 1216 and was buried at Worcester Cathedral. [2]

King John died suddenly from dysentery at the Bishop of Lincoln's castle at Newark in Nottinghamshire, on 19 October 1216. [17]

He was buried in the Abbey Church of St. Peter in Worcester later that year in the choir before the high altar between the shrine of Wulfstan (d.1095), to the north, and another Worcester bishop-saint Oswald (d.992), to the south. In 1232 his remains were interred in a new tomb before the Worcester high altar in the presence of his son, King Henry III. His tomb was opened in 1529 and again in 1797. In 1529 the king's stone coffin and low-lying effigy slab were incorporated into a contemporary tomb-chest. King John's tomb today comprises a Purbeck marble effigy most likely dating from the 1232 reburial, and the sixteenth-century tomb-chest. His Worcester monument is important in several ways - it is the earliest surviving royal effigy in England, and the only example of an English royal effigy executed in Purbeck marble. [17]

Tomb note: King John's tomb is intact and the effigy is chipped. King John's facial likeness on the effigy is believed to be based on fact. [17]

The heart burial of King John at Croxton Abbey in Leicestershire:[17] [18]

His heart (and some say his bowels ("viscera")) was interred in Croxton Abbey in Croxton Kerrial in Leicestershire, in recognition of the services of the Croxton abbot who was King John's deathbed confessor at Newark. Little remains of the Abbey, which was dissolved by Henry VIII in 1538.[18]

Croxton Abbey was also the burial place of Henry VIII's elder brother Prince Arthur who died in 1502, having been Katherine of Aragon's first husband, with Henry VIII being her second. Katherine was the first of Henry's six wives.[18]


Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Douglas Richardson. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. Edited by Kamball G. Everingham. Salt Lake City, Utah: 2013. Volume 1, pages 43-46
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Charles Cawley. Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. Medieval Lands Database. England Kings Accessed July 8, 2017.
  3. The Present State of Great-Britain and Ireland: In Three Parts ... by Guy Miege pub: 1718
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Life and Times of King John, Maurice Ashley, 1972
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 data from linked profile, pending verification
  6. married Llywelyn the Great Welsh name Llywelyn Fawr, (by a woman named Clemence)
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 7.12 7.13 Douglas Richardson, Illegitimate children of King John, Royal Ancestry. Volume I, pages 52-57.
  8. by Adela dau. of John's uncle Hamelin de Warenne
  9. by mistress named Hawise who accompanied the papal legate Pelayo to Damietta in 1218, and never returned.
  10. Mother unknown; went on expedition to Poitou in 1205 and died there.
  11. a clerk in 1201.
  12. given lands in Oxfordshire, Norfolk, Suffolk, and Sussex
  13. Last seen at this time.
  14. member of the order of Friars Preachers.
  15. found living in 1263.
  16. FitzRoy is Norman-French for son of the king.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 Mark Duffy, Royal Tombs of Medieval England Mark Duffy, 2003 p. 22, 60-65
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 Wikipedia. Croxton Abbey

See also:

  • Royal Ancestry" Douglas Richardson, 2013 Vol. I page 85, and 88,vi.
page 85: Children of Edward III of England, by Philippe of Hainault:
page 88.vi.: John Of Gaunt, K.G., Duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster, Earl of Derby, Lincoln, and Leicester, married (1st) Blanche Of Lancaster; (2nd) Constance Of Castile-Leon; (3rd) Katherine De Roet (or Ruet).
  • Royal Ancestry" 2013 Douglas Richardson Vol. I. page 159
  • Royal Ancestry" 2013 Douglas Richardson Vol. I. page 197
  • Royal Ancestry" 2013 Douglas Richardson Vol. I. page 479
  • Royal Ancestry" 2013 Douglas Richardson Vol. II. page 126
  • Royal Ancestry" Douglas Richardson, 2013 Vol. V. p. 310
  • Worcester Cathedral King John
  • Middle-ages.org.uk Alcuin Lords and Ladies Alchin, L.K., Lords and Ladies, Retrieved April 5, 2014 from [www.lordsandladies.org Lords and Ladies]
  • Wikipedia: John, King of England Wikipedia John, King of England
  • The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 1 p. 22, 146, 305.
  • [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700 (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 3 line 1:26, p. 31 line 29A:26, p. 106 line 117:27, p. 234 line 260:29.
  • Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 278 PLANTAGENET:17, p. 279 PLANTAGENET:16.
  • The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 2 p. 126 fn. (b), 127; vol. 3 p. 430, vol. 4 p. 316; vol. 4 appndx. H chart III; vol. 5 pedigree between p. 116 and 117, 127; vol. 14 p. 60 [BALLIOL].
  • Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2004), Richardson, Douglas, edited by Kamball G. Everingham, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), FHL book 942 D5rd., p. xxviii.
  • The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 4 p. 316.
  • The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 3 p. 429.
  • Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 279 PLANTAGENET:16.
  • [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700 (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 106 line 117:27, p. 134 line 153:28.
  • Welsh Genealogies, AD 300-1400 (1980), Bartrum, Peter C. (Peter Clement), (25 volumes, with supplements containing additions and corrections. [Wales]: University of Wales Press, 1980), FHL book 942.9 D2bp; FHL microfiche 6025561., vol. 7 p. 446.
  • British Chronology, E. B. Fryde Greenway, S. Porter, and I. Roy, (London. Offices of the Royal Historical Society. University College. 1986.), FHL 942 C4rg., p. 51.
  • Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn (1846), Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, (2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees, 1846), FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668., vol. 2 p. 10, 54, 55.
  • Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families: with Their Collateral Branches in Denbighshire, Merionethshire (1914), Griffith, John Edwards, (Horncastle, England: W.K. Morton, 1914), FHL book Folio 942.9 D2gr; FHL microfilm 468,334., p. I, 178, 309.
  • The Genealogist (1980-), Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, (New York: Organization for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, 1980-), FHL book 929.105 G286n., Spring 1980, vol. 1 no. 1 p. 80, 81.
  • British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 5 p. E52; book 6 p. F2*.
  • The Golden Grove books of pedigrees (filmed 1970), (Manuscript, National Library of Wales manuscript number Castell Gorfod 7. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351., book 5 p. C623.
  • Genealogy of Shropshire [by Joseph Morris] (filmed 1966), Morris, Joseph, (10 volumes. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1966), vol. 1-2 FHL microfilm 504,551; vol.3-4 FHL microf., vol. 4 p. 1882*, 1883*.
  • Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families: with Their Collateral Branches in Denbighshire, Merionethshire (1914), Griffith, John Edwards, (Horncastle, England: W.K. Morton, 1914), FHL book Folio 942.9 D2gr; FHL microfilm 468,334., p. I.
  • [S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 6 p. F2.
  • The Genealogist (1980-), Association for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, (New York: Organization for the Promotion of Scholarship in Genealogy, 1980-), FHL book 929.105 G286n., Spring 1980, vol. 1 no. 1 p. 80.
  • Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn (1846), Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, (2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees, 1846), FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668., vol. 2 p. 10.
  • Genealogy of Shropshire [by Joseph Morris] (filmed 1966), Morris, Joseph, (10 volumes. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1966), vol. 1-2 FHL microfilm 504,551; vol.3-4 FHL microf., vol. 4 p. 1882, 1883.
  • The Genealogist (1877-1922), (Old Series, 7 volumes, 1877-1883. New Series, 38 volumes, 1884-1922. London: George Bell, 1877-1922), FHL book 942 B2gqm; see FHL catalog for list of vo., Spring 1980, vol. 1 no. 1 p. 91 fn. 21.
  • Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 279
  • Records of the Borough of Nottingham (London, 1882) Vol. 1, Page 6-10: "Charter of John, Earl of Mortain, confirming the Charter of his father, King Henry II. [Circa 1189]"
  • Deering, Charles. Nottinghamia Vetus et Nova (George Ayscough & Thomas Willington, Nottingham, 1751) Page 237

See Also...

  • John Grey or Gray, Bishop of Norwich (King John's most trusted advisor), Grey-525

Acknowledgements

Magna Carta Project

Magna Carta Project logo
John of England has Magna Carta connections.
Without King John, the Magna Carta Project would not exist, although he does not fall within the scope of the Project. The Project covers profiles in trails between Richardson-documented Gateway Ancestors to the barons who stood surety for King John’s Magna Carta. See Base Camp for information about Magna Carta trails.


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Comments: 34

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I'm not sure why John's second name of Plantagenet (and son Henry [Plantagenet-167] ) has been designated as 'formerly' Plantagenet and then changed to 'of England' . If this is the standard then it has not been adopted for Edward I Plantagenet [Plantagenet-2].

If a person is a King or a Queen or other noble rank then I think this prefix should be clear shown. Please note that the entry for our current Queen [Windsor-1] reads: 'Queen Elizabeth II Windsor'. I think this is a far better way to refer to the monarch. The reference 'of England' sounds dramatic but conveys little about the actual position of the person.

posted by Ian Miller
Removed Agatha Ferrers (Ferrers-286) as a spouse as they were never married. Also see the discussion under "Mistresses".

Jo, England Project Managed Profiles coordinator

posted by Jo Fitz-Henry
I have found this biography of King John to be very difficult to read, mainly because of the use of Latin without translation into English and also abbreviations.

The list of mistresses and offspring is very confusing and I wonder whether there is sufficient source evidence to confirm it all. Please also note that one of the Agatha de Ferrers listed as a possible mistress was born in 1232, 16 years after John’s death.

I gave up reading it as I became completely confused. Would it be possible for someone to re-write the biography to make it clearer and more able to be understood?

posted by Stuart Beavis
Thanks Stuart, feedback like that is always welcome. I have made some basic changes to improve the profile - deleted the entire section after the FMG heading, which included much of the latin and was a breach of copyright anyway as it was copy/pasted from Medieval Lands database. Also re-arranged some of the sections related to wives/mistresses and children. It still needs more work but hopefully it is a bit easier to read.
posted by John Atkinson
edited by John Atkinson
youtube- The Last Journey of the Magna Carta King (Documentary)

•Oct 11, 2017 Clark's History Reels with Stephen Church Professor of Medieval History UEA

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=04LdD7qiVqY

posted by Arora (G) Anonymous
FitzRoy is Norman/French for Son of the King, but was it really the LNAB for most of his children? Why wouldn't their LNAB be Plantagenet? Assuming someone does have a good answer for that, I think it would be helpful to have that reasoning somewhere in the profile, otherwise it's confusing.
posted by William Catambay
Usually children of kings with the prefix "Fitz" are illegitimate.
posted by L Anderson
His alleged mistress "Isabella FitzRobert" seems to be the same person as his 1st wife, Isabel of Gloucester.

The FitzWarin mistress, Oliver's mother, is FitzWarin-22.

posted by [Living Horace]