List of European monarchs and pretenders : monarchism
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List of European monarchs and pretenders

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Posted byjust now

List of European monarchs and pretenders

Hi, some of you might remember me from a post (now deleted) in which I drew a map that showed a theoretical Europe that had all monarchs restored. There were multiple errors with it (like putting the late Rainier III in place of his son Albert II), and also some confusion (people thought Belarus was directly annexed to Russia, but I meant it to be in a personal union with it). In this list, I have once again listed the monarchs, but this time I have made many corrections and changes to it. While making it, I followed a series of rules:

  1. No border changes or independent states.

  2. All incumbents remain in their positions.

  3. Pretenders will be restored to their thrones, if possible.

  4. Monarchs have to be descended or related to an independent monarch, a monarch who rules that country only and resides there.

  5. Native monarchs take precedence over those of foreign origin.

  6. Personal unions are allowed but no more than 3 per monarch. This is to provide a semblance of a balance of power, and to avoid results like a Habsburg blob in Central Europe.

Albania

  • Monarch: Leka II, King of Albania

  • House: Zogu

  • Descent: Zog I of Albania > Leka I, Crown Prince of Albania > Leka II, Crown Prince of Albania

Austria, Hungary, and Croatia

  • Monarch: Károly IV, King of Hungary; Karl II, Emperor of Austria; Karlo IV, King of Croatia

  • House: Habsburg-Lorraine

  • Austrian descent: Leopold I, Margrave of Austria > Adalbert, Margrave of Austria > Ernest, Margrave of Austria > Leopold II, Margrave of Austria > Leopold III, Margrave of Austria > Henry II, Duke of Austria > Leopold V, Duke of Austria > Leopold VI, Duke of Austria > Constance of Austria, Margravine of Meissen (m. Henry III, Margrave of Meissen) > Albert II, Margrave of Meissen > Frederick I, Margrave of Meissen > Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen > Elisabeth of Meissen (m. Frederick V, Burgrave of Nuremberg) > Beatrice of Nuremberg (m. Albert III, Duke of Austria) > Albert IV, Duke of Austria > Albert II of Germany > Elizabeth of Austria, Queen of Poland (m. Casimir IV Jagiellon) > Vladislaus II of Hungary > Anne of Bohemia and Hungary (m. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor) > Charles II, Archduke of Austria > Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor > Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor > Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor > Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor > Maria Theresa (m. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor) > Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor > Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor > Archduke Franz Karl of Austria > Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria > Archduke Otto Franz of Austria > Charles I of Austria > Otto von Habsburg > Karl von Habsburg

  • Hungarian descent: Árpád > Zoltán of Hungary > Taksony of Hungary > Michael of Hungary > Vazul > Béla I of Hungary > Géza I of Hungary > Prince Álmos > Béla II of Hungary > Géza II of Hungary > Béla III of Hungary > Andrew II of Hungary > Béla IV of Hungary > Anna of Hungary, Duchess of Macsó (m. Rostislav Mikhailovich) > Kunigunda of Halych (m. Ottokar II of Bohemia) > Wenceslaus II of Bohemia > Elizabeth of Bohemia, Queen of Bohemia (m. John of Bohemia) > Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor > Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor > Elizabeth of Luxembourg (m. Albert II of Germany) > Elizabeth of Austria, Queen of Poland

  • Croatian descent: Trpimir I of Croatia > Muncimir of Croatia > Trpimir II of Croatia > Dragomir of Travunia and Zachlumia > Stefan Vojislav > Mihailo Vojislavljević > Petrislav of Rascia > Prince Marko > Uroš I, Grand Prince of Serbia > Helena of Serbia, Queen of Hungary (m. Béla II of Hungary) > Géza II of Hungary

Belgium

  • Monarch: Philippe, King of the Belgians

  • House: Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

  • Descent: Baldwin I, Margrave of Flanders > Baldwin II, Margrave of Flanders > Arnulf I, Count of Flanders > Baldwin III, Count of Flanders > Arnulf II, Count of Flanders > Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders > Baldwin V, Count of Flanders > Baldwin VI, Count of Flanders > Baldwin II, Count of Hainaut > Baldwin III, Count of Hainaut > Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut > Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut > Baldwin I, Latin Emperor > Margaret II, Countess of Flanders (m. William II of Dampierre) > Guy, Count of Flanders > Robert III, Count of Flanders > Louis I, Count of Nevers > Louis I, Count of Flanders > Louis II, Count of Flanders > Margaret III, Countess of Flanders (m. Philip the Bold) > John the Fearless > Philip the Good > Charles the Bold > Mary of Burgundy (m. Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor) > Philip I of Castile > Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor > Philip II of Spain > Philip III of Spain > Maria Anna of Spain (m. Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor) > Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor > Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor > Maria Theresa (m. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor) > Maria Carolina of Austria (m. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies) > Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily (m. Louis Philippe I) > Louise of Orléans (m. Leopold I of Belgium) > Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders > Albert I of Belgium > Leopold III of Belgium > Albert II of Belgium > Philippe of Belgium

Bulgaria

  • Monarch: Simeon II, Tsar of Bulgaria

  • House: Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

  • Descent: Krum > Omurtag of Bulgaria > Zvinitsa > Presian I of Bulgaria > Boris I of Bulgaria > Simeon I of Bulgaria > Peter I of Bulgaria > Boris II of Bulgaria > Maria, Empress of Bulgaria (m. Ivan Vladislav of Bulgaria) > Troian of Bulgaria > Maria of Bulgaria (m. Andronikos Doukas, cousin of Michael VIII) > Irene Doukaina (m. Alexios I Komnenos) > Theodora Komnene, daughter of Alexios I (m. Constantine Angelos) > Andronikos Doukas Angelos > Alexios III Angelos > Eirene Angelina (m. Despot Alexios Palaiologos) > Theodora Angelina Palaiologina (m. Andronikos Komnenos Palaiologos) > Michael VIII Palaiologos > Irene Palaiologina, Empress of Bulgaria (m. Ivan Asen III of Bulgaria) > Andronikos Asen > Irene Asanina (m. John VI Kantakouzenos) > Matthew Kantakouzenos > Theodore Kantakouzenos > Irene Kantakouzene (m. Đurađ Branković) > Stefan Branković > Maria of Serbia, Marchioness of Montferrat (m. Boniface III, Marquess of Montferrat) > Margaret Paleologa (m. Federico II Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua) > Louis Gonzaga, Duke of Nevers > Charles I Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua > Charles II Gonzaga, Duke of Nevers > Eleonora Gonzaga the Younger (m. Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor) > Eleonore of Austria, Queen of Poland (m. Charles V, Duke of Lorraine) > Leopold, Duke of Lorraine > Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor > Maria Carolina of Austria (m. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies) > Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily (m. Louis Philippe I) > Princess Clémentine of Orléans (m. Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha) > Ferdinand I of Bulgaria > Boris III of Bulgaria > Simeon Saxe-Coburg and Gotha*

Czechia

  • Monarch: František II, Czech King

  • House: Wittelsbach

  • Descent: Bořivoj I, Duke of Bohemia > Vratislaus I, Duke of Bohemia > Boleslaus I, Duke of Bohemia > Boleslaus II, Duke of Bohemia > Oldřich, Duke of Bohemia > Bretislav I > Vratislaus II of Bohemia > Vladislaus I, Duke of Bohemia > Vladislaus II, Duke and King of Bohemia > Ottokar I of Bohemia > Wenceslaus I of Bohemia > Ottokar II of Bohemia > Wenceslaus II of Bohemia > Elizabeth of Bohemia, Queen of Bohemia (m. John of Bohemia) > Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor > Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor > Elizabeth of Luxembourg (m. Albert II of Germany) > Elizabeth of Austria, Queen of Poland (m. Casimir IV Jagiellon) > Vladislaus II of Hungary > Anne of Bohemia and Hungary (m. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor) > Charles II, Archduke of Austria > Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor > Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor > Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor > Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor > Maria Theresa (m. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor) > Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor > Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany > Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany > Archduchess Auguste Ferdinande of Austria (m. Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria) > Ludwig III of Bavaria > Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria > Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria > Franz, Duke of Bavaria

Denmark

  • Monarch: Margrethe II, Queen of Denmark

  • House: Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

  • Descent: Harthacnut I of Denmark > Gorm the Old > Harald Bluetooth > Sweyn Forkbeard > Estrid Svendsdatter (m. Ulf the Earl) > Sweyn II of Denmark > Eric I of Denmark > Canute Lavard > Valdemar I of Denmark > Valdemar II of Denmark > Christopher I of Denmark > Eric V of Denmark > Richeza of Denmark (m. Nicholas II of Werle) > Sophia of Werle (m. Gerhard III, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg) > Henry II, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg > Gerhard VI, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg > Helvig of Schauenberg (m. Dietrich, Count of Oldenburg) > Christian I of Denmark > Frederick I of Denmark > Christian III of Denmark > Frederick II of Denmark > Christian IV of Denmark > Frederick III of Denmark > Christian V of Denmark > Frederick IV of Denmark > Christian VI of Denmark > Frederick V of Denmark > Princess Louise of Denmark (m. Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel) > Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel (m. Frederick William, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg) > Christian IX of Denmark > Frederick VIII of Denmark > Christian X of Denmark > Frederick IX of Denmark > Margrethe II of Denmark

Finland

  • Monarch: Henrik Donatus, King of Finland

  • House: Hesse

  • Descent: Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse > Philipp, Landgrave of Hesse > Moritz, Landgrave of Hesse > Donatus, Landgrave of Hesse

France and Andorra

  • Monarch: Jean IV, King of the French, Co-Prince of Andorra

  • House: Bourbon-Orléans

  • French descent: Robert I of France > Hugh the Great > Hugh Capet > Robert II of France > Henry I of France > Philip I of France > Louis VI of France > Louis VII of France > Philip II of France > Louis VIII of France > Louis IX of France > Robert, Count of Clermont > Louis I, Duke of Bourbon > James I, Count of La Marche > John I, Count of La Marche > Louis, Count of Vendôme > John VIII, Count of Vendôme > Francis, Count of Vendôme > Charles, Duke of Vendôme > Antoine of Navarre > Henry IV of France > Louis XIII > Philippe I, Duke of Orléans > Philippe II, Duke of Orléans > Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans > Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans > Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans > Louis Philippe I > Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans > Prince Robert, Duke of Chartres > Prince Jean, Duke of Guise > Henri VI, Count of Paris > Henri VII, Count of Paris > Jean, Count of Paris

  • Andorran descent: Roger-Bernard III, Count of Foix > Gaston I, Count of Foix > Roger-Bernard IV, Viscount of Castelbon > Roger-Bernard V, Viscount of Castelbon > Isabella, Countess of Foix (m. Archambaud, Count of Foix) > John I, Count of Foix > Gaston IV, Count of Foix > Gaston, Prince of Viana > Catherine of Navarre (m. John III of Navarre) > Henry II of Navarre > Jeanne d’Albret (m. Antoine of Navarre) > Henry IV of France

Germany

  • Monarch: Friedrich IV, German Emperor

  • House: Hohenzollern

  • Descent: Henry the Fowler > Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor > Liutgard of Saxony (m. Conrad, Duke of Lorraine) > Otto I, Duke of Carinthia > Henry of Speyer > Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor > Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor > Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor > Agnes of Waiblingen (m. Frederick I, Duke of Swabia) > Frederick II, Duke of Swabia > Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor > Philip of Swabia > Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen (m. Wenceslaus I of Bohemia) > Ottokar II of Bohemia > Wenceslaus II of Bohemia > Elizabeth of Bohemia, Queen of Bohemia (m. John of Bohemia) > Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor > Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor > Elizabeth of Luxembourg (m. Albert II of Germany) > Elizabeth of Austria, Queen of Poland (m. Casimir IV Jagiellon) > Sophie Jagiellon, Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach (m. Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach) > Albert, Duke of Prussia > Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia > Duchess Anna of Prussia (m. John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg) > George William, Elector of Brandenburg > Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg > Frederick I of Prussia > Frederick William I of Prussia > Prince Augustus William of Prussia > Frederick William II of Prussia > Frederick William III of Prussia > William I, German Emperor > Frederick III, German Emperor > Wilhelm II, German Emperor > Wilhelm, German Crown Prince > Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia > Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia > Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia

Greece

  • Monarch: Konstantinos II, King of the Hellenes

  • House: Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

  • Descent: Alexios I Komnenos > Theodora Komnene, daughter of Alexios I (m. Constantine Angelos) > Andronikos Doukas Angelos > Alexios III Angelos > Anna Komnene Angelina (m. Theodore I Laskaris) > Maria Laskarina (m. Béla IV of Hungary) > Stephen V of Hungary > Mary of Hungary, Queen of Naples (m. Charles II of Naples) > Eleanor of Anjou (m. Frederick III of Sicily) > Elisabeth of Sicily, Duchess of Bavaria (m. Stephen II, Duke of Bavaria) > Frederick, Duke of Bavaria > Elisabeth of Bavaria, Electress of Brandenburg (m. Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg) > John, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach > Dorothea of Brandenburg (m. Christian I of Denmark) > Frederick I of Denmark > Christian III of Denmark > John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg > Alexander, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg > August Philipp, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck > Frederick Louis, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck > Peter August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck > Prince Karl Anton August of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck > Frederick Charles Louis, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck > Frederick William, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg > Christian IX of Denmark > George I of Greece > Constantine I of Greece > Paul of Greece > Constantine II of Greece*

Ireland

  • Monarch: Conor Ó Briain, High King of Ireland

  • House: O’Brien

  • Descent: Brian Boru > Tadc mac Briain > Toirdelbach Ua Briain > Diarmait Ua Briain > Toirdhealbhach mac Diarmada Ua Briain > Domnall Mór Ua Briain > Donnchadh Cairbreach Ó Briain > Conor na Siudane Ua Briain > Tadhg Cael Uisce Ó Briain > Toirdhealbhach Mór Ó Briain > Muircheartach Ó Briain > Mathghamhain Maonmhaighe Ó Briain > Brian Sreamhach Ua Briain > Toirdhealbhach Bóg Ó Briain > Tadhg an Chomhaid Ó Briain > Toirdhealbhach Donn Ó Briain > Murrough O'Brien, 1st Earl of Thomond > Donough O'Brien I > Conor O’Brien I > Donough O’Brien II > Conor O’Brien II > Sir Donough O'Brien, 1st Baronet > Lucius O’Brien > Sir Edward O'Brien, 2nd Baronet > Sir Lucius O'Brien, 3rd Baronet > Lucius O'Brien, 13th Baron Inchiquin > Edward O'Brien, 14th Baron Inchiquin > Lucius O'Brien, 15th Baron Inchiquin > Fionn Myles Maryons O'Brien > Conor O’Brien, 18th Baron Inchiquin

Italy and Cyprus

  • Monarch: Amedeo I, King of Italy; Theophilos I, King of Cyprus

  • House: Savoy

  • Italian descent: Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor > Liutgard of Saxony (m. Conrad, Duke of Lorraine) > Otto I, Duke of Carinthia > Henry of Speyer > Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor > Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor > Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor > Agnes of Waiblingen (m. Frederick I, Duke of Swabia) > Frederick II, Duke of Swabia > Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor > Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor > Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor > Manfred, King of Sicily > Constance of Sicily, Queen of Aragon (m. Peter III of Aragon) > James II of Aragon > Alfonso IV of Aragon > Peter IV of Aragon > Eleanor of Aragon, Queen of Castile (m. John I of Castile) > Ferdinand I of Aragon > John II of Aragon > Ferdinand II of Aragon > Joanna of Castile (m. Philip I of Castile) > Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor > Philip II of Spain > Philip III of Spain > Maria Anna of Spain (m. Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor) > Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor > Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor > Maria Theresa (m. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor) > Maria Carolina of Austria (m. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies) > Luisa of Naples and Sicily (m. Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany) > Maria Theresa of Austria, Queen of Sardinia (m. Charles Albert of Sardinia) > Victor Emmanuel II of Italy > Amadeo I of Spain > Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta > Prince Aimone, Duke of Aosta > Prince Amedeo, 5th Duke of Aosta

  • Cypriot descent: Aimery of Cyprus > Hugh I of Cyprus > Isabella of Cyprus (m. Henry of Antioch) > Hugh III of Cyprus > Guy, Constable of Cyprus > Hugh IV of Cyprus > James I of Cyprus > Janus of Cyprus > Anne of Cyprus (m. Louis, Duke of Savoy) > Philip II, Duke of Savoy > Charles III, Duke of Savoy > Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy > Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy > Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano > Emmanuel Philibert, Prince of Carignano > Victor Amadeus I, Prince of Carignano > Louis Victor, Prince of Carignano > Victor Amadeus II, Prince of Carignano > Charles Emmanuel, Prince of Carignano > Charles Albert of Sardinia

Latvia

  • Monarch: Ernsts Johans II, Prince of Latvia

  • House: Biron

  • Descent: Ernst Johann von Biron > Karl Ernst von Biron > Gustav Kalixt von Biron > Kalixt von Biron > Gustav von Biron > Karl von Biron > Ernst-Johann Biron, Prince of Courland

Liechtenstein

  • Monarch: Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein

  • House: Liechtenstein

  • Descent: Franz Joseph I, Prince of Liechtenstein > Johann I Joseph > Prince Franz de Paula of Liechtenstein > Prince Aloys of Liechtenstein > Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein > Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein

Lithuania

  • Monarch: Vilhelmas Albertas, Grand Duke of Lithuania

  • House: Württemberg-Urach

  • Descent: Butvydas > Gediminas > Algirdas > Władysław II Jagiełło > Casimir IV Jagiellon > Barbara Jagiellon (m. George, Duke of Saxony) > Christine of Saxony (m. Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse) > Barbara of Hesse (m. George I of Württemberg-Mömpelgard) > Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg > John Frederick, Duke of Württemberg > Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg > Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental > Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg > Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg > Duke William Frederick Philip of Württemberg > Wilhelm, Duke of Urach > Wilhelm Karl, Duke of Urach > Prince Eberhard of Urach > Wilhelm Albert, Duke of Urach

Luxembourg

  • Monarch: Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

  • House: Nassau-Weilburg-Bourbon-Parma

  • Descent: Sigfried, Count of the Ardennes > Frederick of Luxembourg > Giselbert of Luxembourg > Conrad I, Count of Luxembourg > Ermesinde of Luxembourg, Countess of Namur (m. Godfrey I, Count of Namur) > Henry IV, Count of Luxembourg > Ermesinde, Countess of Luxembourg (m. Waleran III, Duke of Limburg) > Henry V, Count of Luxembourg > Henry VI, Count of Luxembourg > Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor > John of Bohemia > Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor > Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor > Elizabeth of Luxembourg (m. Albert II of Germany) > Anne of Austria, Landgravine of Thuringia (m. William III, Landgrave of Thuringia) > Margaret of Thuringia (m. John Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg) > Joachim I Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg > Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg > John George, Elector of Brandenburg > Joachim Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg > John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg > George William, Elector of Brandenburg > Princess Hedwig Sophie of Brandenburg (m. William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel) > Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (m. Maria Amalia of Courland) > Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel (m. John William Friso, Prince of Orange) > William IV, Prince of Orange > Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau (m. Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg) > William, Duke of Nassau > Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg > William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg > Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (m. Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma) > Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg > Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

Monaco

  • Monarch: Albert II, Prince of Monaco

  • House: Grimaldi

  • Descent: Rainier I of Monaco, Lord of Cagnes > Charles I, Lord of Monaco > Rainier II, Lord of Monaco > Jean I, Lord of Monaco > Catalan, Lord of Monaco > Claudine, Lady of Monaco (m. Lamberto, Lord of Monaco) > Lucien, Lord of Monaco > Honoré I > Ercole, Lord of Monaco > Honoré II > Ercole, Marquis of Baux > Louis I, Prince of Monaco > Antonio I, Prince of Monaco > Louise Hippolyte (m. Jacques I, Prince of Monaco) > Honoré III > Honoré IV > Florestan, Prince of Monaco > Charles III, Prince of Monaco > Albert I, Prince of Monaco > Louis II, Prince of Monaco > Princess Charlotte, Duchess of Valentinois (m. Prince Pierre, Duke of Valentinois) > Rainier III, Prince of Monaco > Albert II, Prince of Monaco

Montenegro

  • Monarch: Nikola II, King of Montenegro

  • House: Petrović-Njegoš

  • Descent: Nicholas I of Montenegro > Prince Mirko of Montenegro > Michael, Prince of Montenegro > Nicholas, Crown Prince of Montenegro

Netherlands

  • Monarch: Willem-Alexander, King of the Netherlands

  • House: Orange-Nassau-Amsberg

  • Descent: Dirk I, Count of Holland > Dirk II, Count of Holland > Arnulf, Count of Holland > Dirk III, Count of Holland > Floris I, Count of Holland > Dirk V, Count of Holland > Floris II, Count of Holland > Dirk VI, Count of Holland > Floris III, Count of Holland > William I, Count of Holland > Floris IV, Count of Holland > Adelaide of Holland (m. John I, Count of Hainaut) > John II, Count of Holland > William I, Count of Hainaut > Joanna of Hainuat (m. William V, Duke of Jülich) > William II, Duke of Jülich > Joanna of Jülich (m. John V, Lord of Arkel) > Maria van Arkel (m. John II, Lord of Egmond) > Arnold, Duke of Guelders > Mary of Guelders (m. James II of Scotland) > James III of Scotland > James IV of Scotland > James V of Scotland > Mary, Queen of Scots > James VI and I > Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia (m. Frederick V of the Palatinate) > Sophia of Hanover (m. Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover) > George I of Great Britain > George II of Great Britain > Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Hanover (m. William IV, Prince of Orange) > William V, Prince of Orange > William I of the Netherlands > William II of the Netherlands > William III of the Netherlands > Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (m. Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin) > Juliana of the Netherlands (m. Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld) > Beatrix of the Netherlands (m. Prince Claus of the Netherlands) > Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands

Norway

  • Monarch: Harald V, King of Norway

  • House: Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

  • Descent: Sverre of Norway > Haakon III of Norway > Haakon IV of Norway > Magnus VI of Norway > Haakon V of Norway > Ingeborg of Norway (m. Eric Magnusson, Duke of Södermanland) > Euphemia of Sweden (m. Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg) > Ingeborg of Mecklenburg (m. Henry II, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg) > Gerhard VI, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg > Helvig of Schauenberg (m. Dietrich, Count of Oldenburg) > Christian I of Denmark > Frederick I of Denmark > Christian III of Denmark > Frederick II of Denmark > Christian IV of Denmark > Frederick III of Denmark > Christian V of Denmark > Frederick IV of Denmark > Christian VI of Denmark > Frederick V of Denmark > Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark > Prince Charlotte of Denmark (m. Prince William of Hesse-Kassel) > Louise of Hesse-Kassel (m. Christian IX of Denmark) > Frederick VIII of Denmark > Haakon VII of Norway > Olav V of Norway > Harald V of Norway

Poland

  • Monarch: Rydygier, King of Poland

  • House: Wettin

  • Descent: Siemowit > Lestek > Siemomysł > Mieszko I > Bolesław I the Brave > Mieszko II Lambert > Casimir I the Restorer > Władysław I Herman > Bolesław III Wrymouth > Casimir II the Just > Konrad I of Masovia > Casimir I of Kuyavia > Władysław I Łokietek > Casimir III the Great > Elizabeth of Poland, Duchess of Pomerania (m. Bogislaw V, Duke of Pomerania) > Elizabeth of Pomerania (m. Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor) > Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor > Elizabeth of Luxembourg (m. Albert II of Germany) > Elizabeth of Austria, Queen of Poland (m. Casimir IV Jagiellon) > Vladislaus II of Hungary > Anne of Bohemia and Hungary (m. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor) > Charles II, Archduke of Austria > Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor > Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor > Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor > Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor > Maria Josepha of Austria (m. Augustus III of Poland) > Frederick Christian I, Elector of Saxony > Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Saxony > John of Saxony > George, King of Saxony > Frederick Augustus III of Saxony > Prince Ernst Heinrich of Saxony > Prince Timo of Saxony > Rüdiger, Margrave of Meissen

Portugal

  • Monarch: Duarte II, King of Portugal

  • House: Braganza

  • Descent: Mumadona Dias (m. Hermenegildo González) > Gonzalo Menéndez > Menendo González > Elvira Menéndez (m. Alfonso V of León) > Sancha of León (m. Ferdinand I of León) > Alfonso VI of León and Castile > Theresa, Countess of Portugal (m. Henry, Count of Portugal) > Afonso I of Portugal > Sancho I of Portugal > Afonso II of Portugal > Afonso III of Portugal > Denis of Portugal > Afonso IV of Portugal > Peter I of Portugal > John I of Portugal > Edward, King of Portugal > Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu > Manuel I of Portugal > Duarte, Duke of Guimarães > Catarina of Portugal, Duchess of Braganza (m. João I, Duke of Braganza) > Teodósio II, Duke of Braganza > John IV of Portugal > Peter II of Portugal > John V of Portugal > Joseph I of Portugal > Maria I of Portugal (m. Peter III of Portugal) > John VI of Portugal > Miguel I of Portugal > Miguel, Duke of Braganza > Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza > Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza

Romania

  • Monarch: Margareta, Queen of Romania

  • House: Hohenzollern

  • Descent: Ferdinand I of Romania > Carol II of Romania > Michael I of Romania > Margareta of Romania

Russia

  • Monarch: Maria Vladimirovna, Empress of Russia

  • House: Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov

  • Descent: Rurik > Igor of Kiev > Sviatoslav I > Vladimir the Great > Yaroslav the Wise > Vsevolod I of Kiev > Vladimir II Monomakh > Yuri Dolgorukiy > Vsevolod the Big Nest > Yaroslav II of Vladimir > Andrey II of Vladimir > Vasily Andreyevich, Prince of Suzdal > Konstantin V, Prince of Suzdal > Dmitry of Suzdal > Simeon of Suzdal > Vasily Simeonovich Shuysky > Ivan Vasilyevich Shuysky > Boris Gorbaty-Shuysky > Alexander Gorbaty-Shuysky > Eudoxia Gorbataya-Shuyskaya (m. Nikita Romanovich) > Patriarch Filaret of Moscow > Michael of Russia > Alexis of Russia > Peter the Great > Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia (m. Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp) > Peter III of Russia > Paul I of Russia > Nicholas I of Russia > Alexander II of Russia > Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia > Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich of Russia > Grand Duke Vladimir Kirillovich of Russia > Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia

Serbia

  • Monarch: Aleksandar II, King of Serbia

  • House: Karađorđević

  • Descent: Stefan Vojislav > Mihailo Vojislavljević > Petrislav of Rascia > Prince Marko > Uroš I, Grand Prince of Serbia > Zavida > Stefan Nemanja > Stefan the First-Crowned > Stefan Uroš I > Stefan Milutin > Stefan Dečanski > Simeon Uroš > John Uroš > Helena Ouresina Palaiologina (m. Theodore Kantakouzenos) > Irene Kantakouzene (m. Đurađ Branković) > Stefan Branković > Maria of Serbia, Marchioness of Montferrat (m. Boniface III, Marquess of Montferrat) > Margaret Paleologa (m. Federico II Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua) > Louis Gonzaga, Duke of Nevers > Charles I Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua > Charles II Gonzaga, Duke of Nevers > Eleonora Gonzaga the Younger (m. Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor) > Eleonore of Austria, Queen of Poland (m. Charles V, Duke of Lorraine) > Leopold, Duke of Lorraine > Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor > Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor > Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor > Maria Leopoldina of Austria (m. Pedro I of Brazil) > Maria II of Portugal (m. Ferdinand II of Portugal) > Infanta Antónia of Portugal (m. Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern) > Ferdinand I of Romania > Maria of Yugoslavia (m. Alexander I of Yugoslavia) > Peter II of Yugoslavia > Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia

Spain

  • Monarch: Felipe VI, King of Spain

  • House: Bourbon-Anjou

  • Astur-Leonese-Castilian descent: Bermudo I of Asturias > Ramiro I of Asturias > Ordoño I of Asturias > Alfonso III of Asturias > Ordoño II of León > Ramiro II of León > Ordoño III of León > Bermudo II of León > Alfonso V of León > Sancha of León (m. Ferdinand I of León) > Alfonso VI of León and Castile > Urraca of León (m. Raymond of Burgundy) > Alfonso VII of León and Castile > Sancho III of Castile > Alfonso VIII of Castile > Berengaria of Castile (m. Alfonso IX of León) > Ferdinand III of Castile > Alfonso X of Castile > Sancho IV of Castile > Ferdinand IV of Castile > Alfonso XI of Castile > Henry II of Castile > John I of Castile > Henry III of Castile > John II of Castile > Henry IV of Castile > Isabella I of Castile (m. Ferdinand II of Aragon) > Joanna of Castile (m. Philip I of Castile) > Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor > Philip II of Spain > Philip III of Spain > Philip IV of Spain > Maria Theresa of Spain (m. Louis XIV) > Louis, Grand Dauphin of France > Philip V of Spain > Charles III of Spain > Charles IV of Spain > Ferdinand VII of Spain > Isabella II of Spain (m. Francisco de Asís, Duke of Cádiz) > Alfonso XII > Alfonso XIII > Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona > Juan Carlos I > Felipe VI

  • Catalan-Aragonese descent: Wilfred the Hairy > Sunyer, Count of Barcelona > Borrell II, Count of Barcelona > Ramon Borrell, Count of Barcelona > Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Barcelona > Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona > Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona > Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona > Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona > Alfonso II of Aragon > Peter I of Aragon > James I of Aragon > Peter II of Aragon > James II of Aragon > Alfonso IV of Aragon > Peter IV of Aragon > Eleanor of Aragon, Queen of Castile (m. John I of Castile) > Ferdinand I of Aragon > John II of Aragon > Ferdinand II of Aragon > Joanna of Castile

  • Navarrese descent: Íñigo Arista of Pamplona > García Íñiguez of Pamplona > Fortún Garcés of Pamplona > Onneca Fortúnez (m. Aznar Sánchez de Laron) > Toda of Pamplona (m. Sancho I of Pamplona) > García Sánchez I of Pamplona > Sancho II of Pamplona > García Sánchez II of Pamplona > Sancho III of Pamplona > García Sánchez III of Pamplona > Sancho Garcés, Lord of Uncastillo > Ramiro Sánchez > García Ramírez of Navarre > Sancho VI of Navarre > Blanche of Navarre, Countess of Champagne (m. Theobald III, Count of Champagne) > Theobald I of Navarre > Henry I of Navarre > Joan I of Navarre (m. Philip IV of France) > Louis X of France > Joan II of Navarre (m. Philip III of Navarre) > Charles II of Navarre > Charles III of Navarre > Blanche I of Navarre (m. John II of Aragon) > Eleanor of Navarre (m. Gaston IV, Count of Foix) > Gaston, Prince of Viana > Catherine of Navarre (m. John III of Navarre) > Henry II of Navarre > Jeanne d’Albret (m. Antoine of Navarre) > Henry IV of France > Louis XIII > Louis XIV > Louis, Grand Dauphin of France

Sweden

  • Monarch: Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden

  • House: Bernadotte

  • Descent: Eric the Victorious > Olof Skötkonung > Emund the Old > Ingamoder (m. Stenkil) > Inge the Elder > Catherine Ingesdotter of Sweden (m. Bjørn Haraldsen Ironside) > Christina of Denmark, Queen of Sweden (m. Eric IX of Sweden) > Canute I of Sweden > Eric X of Sweden > Ingeborg Eriksdotter (m. Birger Jarl) > Magnus III of Sweden > Eric Magnusson, Duke of Södermanland > Euphemia of Sweden (m. Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg) > Ingeborg of Mecklenburg (m. Henry II, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg) > Gerhard VI, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg > Helvig of Schauenberg (m. Dietrich, Count of Oldenburg) > Christian I of Denmark > Frederick I of Denmark > Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp > John Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp > Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp > Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp > Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin > Adolf Frederick, King of Sweden > Gustav III > Gustav IV Adolf > Princess Sophie of Sweden (m. Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden) > Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden > Victoria of Baden (m. Gustaf V) > Gustaf VI Adolf > Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten > Carl XVI Gustaf

Ukraine

  • Monarch: Borys Skoropadsky, Hetman of Ukraine

  • House: Skoropadsky

  • Descent: Ivan Skoropadsky > Petro Skoropadsky > Pavlo Skoropadsky > Danylo Skoropadsky > Borys
    Skoropadsky

United Kingdom

  • Monarch: Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom

  • House: Windsor

  • English descent: Alfred the Great > Edward the Elder > Edmund I > Edgar the Peaceful > Æthelred the Unready > Edmund Ironside > Edward the Exile > Saint Margaret of Scotland (m. Malcolm III of Scotland) > Matilda of Scotland (m. Henry I of England) > Empress Matilda (m. Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou) > Henry II of England > John, King of England > Edward I of England > Edward II of England > Edward III of England > Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York > Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Duke of Cambridge > Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York > Edward IV of England > Elizabeth of York (m. Henry VII of England) > Margaret Tudor (m. James IV of Scotland) > James V of Scotland > Mary, Queen of Scots (m. Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley) > James VI and I > Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia (m. Frederick V of the Palatinate) > Sophia of Hanover (m. Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover) > George I of Great Britain > George II of Great Britain > Frederick, Prince of Wales > George III > Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn > Queen Victoria > Edward VII > George V > George VI > Elizabeth II

  • Scottish descent: Kenneth MacAlpin > Constantín mac Cináeda > Donald II of Scotland > Malcolm I of Scotland > Kenneth II of Scotland > Malcolm II of Scotland > Bethóc (m. Crínán of Dunkeld) > Duncan I of Scotland > Malcolm III of Scotland > David I of Scotland > Henry of Scotland > David, Earl of Huntingdon > Isobel of Huntingdon (m. Robert de Brus, 4th Lord of Annandale) > Robert de Brus, 5th Lord of Annandale > Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale > Robert the Bruce > Marjorie Bruce (m. Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland) > Robert II of Scotland > Robert III of Scotland > James I of Scotland > James II of Scotland > James III of Scotland > James IV of Scotland > James V of Scotland

  • Welsh descent: Merfyn Frych > Rhodri the Great > Cadell ap Rhodri > Hywel Dda > Owain ap Hywel Dda > Einion ab Owain > Edwin ab Owain > Owain ab Edwin > Angharad ferch Owain (m. Gruffudd ap Cynan) > Owain Gwynedd > Iorwerth Drwyndwn > Llywelyn the Great > Angharad ferch Llywelyn (m. Maelgwn Fychan) > Elen ferch Maelgwn (m. Maredydd ab Owain) > Owain ap Maredydd > Llywelyn ab Owain > Tomas ap Llywelyn > Marged ferch Tomos (m. Tudur ap Goronwy) > Maredudd ap Tudur > Owen Tudor > Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond > Henry VII of England > Margaret Tudor

Obviously, this is going to cause some arguments. I can see Legitimists and Bonapartists criticizing the Orleanist claimant I have up well, as well some Russian monarchists disputing Maria Vladimirovna's accession to the Russian throne. Regardless, this is my point of view, and what I think. I encourage discussion, criticism, and feedback in the comments.

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Created Nov 17, 2010