William Horace Marshall
August 19, 1924
Gary, Indiana, U.S.
|Died||June 11, 2003 (aged 78)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Awards||Emmy Award (1974)|
William Horace Marshall (August 19, 1924 – June 11, 2003) was an American actor, director and opera singer. He played the title role in the 1972 blaxploitation classic Blacula and its sequel Scream Blacula Scream (1973), and appeared as the King of Cartoons on the 1980s television show Pee-wee's Playhouse and as Dr. Richard Daystrom on the Star Trek television series. He was 6‘5” (1.96 m) tall and was known for his bass voice.
He attended New York University as an art student but transferred to the Actors Studio to study theater. He studied at the American Theatre Wing and with Sanford Meisner at the Neighborhood Playhouse.
Marshall made his Broadway debut in 1944 in Carmen Jones. In 1950, he understudied Boris Karloff as Captain Hook in the Broadway production of Peter Pan. He played the leading role of De Lawd in the 1951 revival of The Green Pastures, a role he repeated in 1958 in a BBC telecast of the play. He performed in several Shakespearean plays on the stage in the U. S. and Europe, including the title role in at least six productions of Othello. Harold Hobson of the London Sunday Times praised Marshall’s portrayal as "the best Othello of our time."
Marshall portrayed Paul Robeson and Frederick Douglass on stage. He researched Douglass's life extensively, and in 1983 produced and played the lead role in Frederick Douglass: Slave and Statesman.
Film and television career
Marshall's career on screen began in the 1952 film Lydia Bailey as a Haitian leader. He followed that with a prominent role as Glycon, comrade and fellow gladiator to Victor Mature in the 1954 film Demetrius and the Gladiators. His demeanor, voice and stature gave him a wide range, though he was ill-suited for the subservient roles that many black actors of his generation were most frequently offered. He was a leader of the Mau-Mau uprising in Something of Value (1957), and Attorney General Edward Brooke in The Boston Strangler (1968). He probably received the most notice for his role in the vampire film Blacula and its sequel Scream Blacula Scream.
In the early 1950s, Marshall starred briefly in Harlem Detective, a series about black police officers. The show was canceled when Marshall was named as a communist in the anti-communist newsletter Counterattack.
Despite blacklisting because of his supposed communist connections, Marshall continued to appear in both television and films. He appeared on the British spy series Danger Man in episodes titled "Deadline" (1962) and "The Galloping Major" (1964). Marshall played the role of traveling opera singer Thomas Bowers in the 1964 Bonanza episode "Enter Thomas Bowers," and that same year he appeared, with actor Ivan Dixon, as the leader of a newly independent African nation and as a T.H.R.U.S.H. agent in the first-season episode of The Man from U.N.C.L.E. entitled "The Vulcan Affair", also on the 1964 Rawhide episode "Incident at Seven Fingers" where he played a Buffalo Soldier. In 1968, he appeared as Dr. Richard Daystrom in the Star Trek episode "The Ultimate Computer". In 1969, he had a special guest appearance as the character Amalek in an episode of The Wild Wild West entitled "The Night of the Egyptian Queen". He reprised his Othello persona in 1979 on Steve Allen's "Meeting of the Minds".
He won two local Emmys for producing and performing in a PBS production, As Adam Early in the Morning, a theatre piece originally performed on stage. He also was featured in an episode of The Alfred Hitchcock Hour titled, "The Jar", with actors Pat Buttram and George Lindsey.
In 1985, guest starred on Benson as Mr. Reaper (death) season 7, episode 4 "The Stranger"
Later life and death
In addition to acting and producing, Marshall taught acting at various universities including the University of California, Irvine, and the Mafundi Institute, an African-American arts and music institution in the Watts section of Los Angeles. He did similar work at Chicago's ETA Creative Arts Foundation, which in 1992 named Marshall one of its Epic Men of the 20th century.
For 42 years, Marshall was the partner of Sylvia Gussin Jarrico, former wife of blacklisted screenwriter Paul Jarrico. Marshall died on June 11, 2003, from complications arising from Alzheimer's disease and diabetes. He was survived by sons Tariq, Malcolm, and Claude Marshall and daughter Gina Loring. Eulogists at his funeral included Sidney Poitier, Ivan Dixon, Paul Winfield, and Marla Gibbs.
- Emmy Award for Best Lead Actor in a Drama Series, As Adam Early in the Morning (1974).
- Lydia Bailey (1952) – King Dick
- Demetrius and the Gladiators (1954) – Glycon
- Something of Value (1957) – Leader – Intellectual in Suit
- Sabu and the Magic Ring (1957) – Ubal, the genie
- La fille de feu (1958) – Stork
- The Big Pride (1961) – Sutlej
- Piedra de toque (1963) – African Missionary (uncredited)
- To Trap a Spy (1964) – Sekue Ashumen
- The Hell with Heroes (1968) – Al Poland
- The Boston Strangler (1968) – Atty. Gen. Edward W. Brooke
- Skullduggery (1970) – Attorney General
- The Mask of Sheba (1970) – Captain Condor Sekallie
- Zig Zag (1970) – Morris Bronson
- Honky (1971) – Dr. Craig Smith
- Blacula (1972) – Blacula / Mamuwalde
- Scream Blacula Scream (1973) – Blacula / Mamuwalde
- Abby (1974) – Bishop Garnet Williams
- Twilight's Last Gleaming (1977) – William Klinger – Attorney General
- The Great Skycopter Rescue (1980) – Mr. Jason
- The Tragedy of Othello (1981) – Othello
- Vasectomy: A Delicate Matter (1986) – Dr. Dean
- Amazon Women on the Moon (1987) – Pirate Captain (segment "Video Pirates")
- Maverick (1994) – Riverboat Poker Player #10
- Sorceress (1995) – John Geiger
- Dinosaur Valley Girls (1996) – Dr. Benjamin Michaels
- "N/A". Long Beach Press-Telegram. May 26, 1952. p. 27.
- Sebastian, Simone M. (June 22, 2003). "William Marshall, 78, Stage, screen actor starred in 'Blacula'". Chicago Tribune.
- "William Marshall Biography (1924–2003)". filmreference.com. July 1, 2015.
- "William Marshall Biography (1924–2003)". CNN. Associated Press. June 17, 2003. Archived from the original on June 20, 2003.
- "William Marshall Biography (1924–2003)". Internet Broadway Database. July 1, 2015.
- "William Marshall, 'Blacula' actor, succumbs at 78". Jet Magazine. June 30, 2003. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved July 1, 2015.
- Christgau, Robert (June 2000). Any Old Way You Choose It. Cooper Square Press. ISBN 978-0815410416.
- "1983 Peabody Awards entry form". Hargrett Library, University of Georgia. 1983.
- Caute, David (May 1, 1979). The Great Fear: The Anti-Communist Purge Under Truman and Eisenhower. Touchstone. ISBN 978-0671248482.
- Kaye, Don (September 16, 2016). "The 17 best Star Trek: The Original Series guest stars (hero or villain)". SYFY WIRE. Retrieved June 26, 2019.
- "N/A". EXo News. July 9, 2003.
- William Marshall at IMDb
- William Marshall at the Internet Broadway Database
- William Marshall at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- In Loving Memory Of William-Marshall
- William Marshall at Memory Alpha
- The Associated Press (June 16, 2003). "'Blacula' Actor Dead At 78". CBS News. Retrieved September 17, 2007. Via CBS News.