Duchy of Legnica

LegnicaDuke of LegnicaLiegnitzDuchess of LegnicaDuchy of Liegnitzduchess of LiegnitzDuke of LiegnitzDukes of Legnica
The Duchy of Legnica (Księstwo Legnickie, Lehnické knížectví) or Duchy of Liegnitz (Herzogtum Liegnitz) was one of the Duchies of Silesia.wikipedia
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Legnica

LiegnitzLiegnitz (Legnica)Leignitz
Its capital was Legnica (Liegnitz) in Lower Silesia.
Legnica was most likely the seat of Bolesław and it became the residence of the High Dukes that ruled the Duchy of Legnica from 1248 until 1675.

Silesian Wars

First Silesian WarSilesian WarSecond Silesian War
Formed by Bolesław II the Bald, Duke of Lower Silesia at Wrocław, Legnica shared the fate of most of the others Silesian duchies, falling into Bohemian, Austrian and eventually - after the First Silesian War - Prussian spheres of influence.
Brandenburg–Prussia's claims in Silesia were based, in part, on a 1537 inheritance treaty between the Silesian Piast Duke Frederick II of Legnica and the Hohenzollern Prince-Elector Joachim II Hector of Brandenburg, whereby the Silesian Duchies of Liegnitz, Wohlau and Brieg were to pass to the Hohenzollerns of Brandenburg if the Piast dynasty in Silesia should become extinct.

Silesian Piasts

PiastSilesian Piast dynastySilesian Piast
Legnica Castle had become a residence of the Silesian dukes in 1163 and from 1248 was the seat of a principality in its own right, ruled by the Silesian branch of the Piast dynasty until the extinction of the line in 1675.
Bolesław established the duchy of Legnica, Konrad I Glogow, Henry III kept Wroclaw together with Ladislaus, who would become archbishop of Salzburg.

Henryk IV Probus

Henry IV ProbusHenry IVHenry IV of Silesia
Nevertheless, Bolesław's son Henry V the Fat, who succeeded his father in 1278, was able to enlarge the duchy's territories by defeating his cousin Henry Probus, Duke of Wrocław, and, with support of King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia succeeded him as duke in 1290.
In 1273 Henry IV was formally proclaimed an adult and by himself assumed the government of his Silesian Duchy of Wrocław, which however, after the split between Opole, Legnica and Głogów only comprised the eastern part of the Lower Silesian lands.

Duchy of Głogów

GłogówDuke of GłogówGlogau
Furthermore, he came into conflict with his younger brother Konrad, who, originally predestined for an ecclesiastical career as Bishop of Passau, also demanded his distributive share and had to be paid off by Bolesław with the newly created Duchy of Głogów in 1251.
Konrad I, a child when his father died, claimed his rights too and in 1251 and received the northern Głogów territory from his elder brother Bolesław II the Bald, then Duke of Legnica.

Wenceslaus II of Legnica

Wenceslaus IIBishop Wenceslaus IIWenceslaus
When in 1419 the Legnica branch of the Silesian Piasts became extinct with the death of Duke Wenceslaus II, the duchy was inherited by Duke Louis II of Brzeg.
Wenceslaus II, Duke of Legnica (1348 – 30 December 1419) was a Duke of Legnica from 1364 (only nominal; from 1409 he reigned alone and personally) until 1413, Bishop of Lebus (1375–82) and Breslau (Wroclaw) (1382–1417; also Duke of Nysa-Otmuchów.

Frederick II of Legnica

Frederick IIDuke Frederick II of LiegnitzFrederick
Frederick's son Frederick II, Duke from 1499, again inherited the Duchy of Brzeg in 1520.
Frederick II, Duke of Legnica (Fryderyk II Legnicki) (12 February 1480 – 17 September 1547), also known as the Great of Legnica (Legnicki Wielki), was a Duke of Legnica from 1488 (until 1495 and 1505 with his brothers), of Brzeg from 1521.

Duchies of Silesia

Silesian duchiesSilesiaSilesian duchy
The Duchy of Legnica (Księstwo Legnickie, Lehnické knížectví) or Duchy of Liegnitz (Herzogtum Liegnitz) was one of the Duchies of Silesia.

Lower Silesia

NiederschlesienLowerDuchies of Lower Silesia
Its capital was Legnica (Liegnitz) in Lower Silesia.

George William, Duke of Liegnitz

George WilliamGeorge William of LegnicaGeorge William of Liegnitz
After the death of the last Piast duke, George William, in 1675, Legnica passed to the direct rule of the Habsburg emperor Leopold I, despite claims raised by Elector Frederick William of Brandenburg referring to the inheritance pact in 1537.
George William (Georg Wilhelm), also known as George IV William ; Jerzy IV Wilhelm; 29 September 1660 – 21 November 1675) was the last Silesian duke of Legnica and Brzeg from 1672 until his death.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Passau

Bishop of PassauPrince-Bishopric of PassauPassau
Furthermore, he came into conflict with his younger brother Konrad, who, originally predestined for an ecclesiastical career as Bishop of Passau, also demanded his distributive share and had to be paid off by Bolesław with the newly created Duchy of Głogów in 1251.

Duchy of Brzeg

BrzegBriegDuchy of Brieg
Frederick's son Frederick II, Duke from 1499, again inherited the Duchy of Brzeg in 1520.
When the Piast duke Henry V of Wrocław and Legnica died in 1296, his sons and heirs were still minors and his estates were ruled by their uncle Duke Bolko I the Strict of Świdnica, succeeded by their maternal uncle King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia in 1301 and by the Wrocław bishop Henryk z Wierzbnej in 1305.

Sophie of Brandenburg-Ansbach-Kulmbach

auntSophiaSophia of Brandenburg-Ansbach
In turn, Duke Frederick II signed an inheritance pact with the Hohenzollern elector Joachim II Hector of Brandenburg, a cousin of his second wife Sophia.
Sophie of Brandenburg-Ansbach-Kulmbach (10 March 1485, Ansbach – 24 May 1537, Liegnitz (Legnica)) was a princess of Brandenburg-Ansbach and was by marriage Duchess of Legnica.

Bolesław II Rogatka

Bolesław II the BaldBolesław IIbitter conflicts
Formed by Bolesław II the Bald, Duke of Lower Silesia at Wrocław, Legnica shared the fate of most of the others Silesian duchies, falling into Bohemian, Austrian and eventually - after the First Silesian War - Prussian spheres of influence.
After the partition, he ruled the Silesian Duchy of Legnica until his death.

Louis I of Brzeg

Louis I the FairLudwik I the FairLudwik I, Duke of Legnica-Brzeg
A Bohemian vassal from 1329 on, the political weakness of the duchy continued, caused by domestic conflicts between Bolesław's sons Wenceslaus and Louis the Fair strengthening the influences of the Bohemian monarchs.
1321 – 6/23 December 1398), a member of the Silesian Piasts, was a Silesian duke of Legnica from 1342 to 1346 (jointly with his elder brother Wenceslaus I until 1345) and of Brzeg from 1358 until his death.

Caspar Schwenckfeld

Kaspar SchwenkfeldKaspar Schwenkfeld von OssigSchwenckfeld
The Protestant Reformation was introduced in the duchy as early as 1522, decisively promoted by the theologians Caspar Schwenckfeld and Valentin Krautwald, and the population quickly turned Lutheran.
Between 1511 and 1523, Schwenckfeld served the Duchy of Liegnitz as an adviser to Duke Charles I (1511–1515), Duke George I (1515–1518), and Duke Frederick II (1518–1523).

Konrad I, Duke of Głogów

Konrad IKonrad I of GłogówKonrad I, Duke of Silesia-Glogau
Furthermore, he came into conflict with his younger brother Konrad, who, originally predestined for an ecclesiastical career as Bishop of Passau, also demanded his distributive share and had to be paid off by Bolesław with the newly created Duchy of Głogów in 1251.
However, in 1248, when the young man found out about the division of the family lands between his older brothers Bolesław II, ruling as a Duke of Legnica, and Henry III the White, Duke at Wrocław, he returned to the country and claimed his part of the Silesian inheritance.

George II of Brieg

George II the PiousGeorge IIGeorge II of Brzeg
He was the second son of Frederick II, Duke of Legnica-Brzeg, by his second wife Sophie, daughter of Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach.

Frederick IV of Liegnitz

Frederick IVFrederick IV of LegnicaFrederick IV, Duke of Legnica
Frederick IV, Duke of Legnica (20 April 1552 – 27 March 1596) was Duke of Legnica since 1571 until his death (as a co-ruler of his elder brother during 1571–1576 and 1580–1581).

Christian, Duke of Brieg

ChristianChristian of BriegChristian of Brzeg-Legnica
Christian of Brieg-Legnica (Christian von Liegnitz-Brieg, Chrystian Brzeski-Legnicki, ; 19 April 1618 in Oława – 28 February 1672 in Oława) was a Duke of Legnica (during 1653-1654 and 1663-1664 with his brothers), Brzeg (during 1639-1654 with his brothers), Wołów (during 1653-1654 with his brothers, then alone) and Oława (during 1639-1654 with his brothers, then alone).

Duchy of Silesia

SilesiaSilesianDuchy of Silesia (Wrocław)
Legnica Castle had become a residence of the Silesian dukes in 1163 and from 1248 was the seat of a principality in its own right, ruled by the Silesian branch of the Piast dynasty until the extinction of the line in 1675.

Piast dynasty

PiastHouse of PiastPiasts
Legnica Castle had become a residence of the Silesian dukes in 1163 and from 1248 was the seat of a principality in its own right, ruled by the Silesian branch of the Piast dynasty until the extinction of the line in 1675.

Wrocław

BreslauWroclawBreslau (Wrocław)
Formed by Bolesław II the Bald, Duke of Lower Silesia at Wrocław, Legnica shared the fate of most of the others Silesian duchies, falling into Bohemian, Austrian and eventually - after the First Silesian War - Prussian spheres of influence.