One main distinction between Trentino and South Tyrol wine production is the fact that in the northern area (South Tyrol) the wines are produced mostly by small family-owned and managed wineries that sell their high quality wine mainly locally with limited exports to Germany and Austria. Trentino on the other hand counts on a large number of growers who joined into large cooperatives, such as Cavit and Mezzacorona, which produce wines that have consistent taste and characteristics year after year. These wines are popular, both in Italy and abroad, among wine drinkers who look for reasonably good and affordable wines for daily enjoyment.
Three grapes are native to this region: one is the white Nosiola and the other two are the red Teroldego Rotaliano and the Marzemino. Trentino D.O.C. Nosiola is made from the eponymous vine grown on the hillsides of Valle dei Laghi and Val di Cembra. Amongst other things, its partially dried grapes are used to make the Trentino D.O.C. Vino Santo from Trentino. In addition to the native grapes, well known international grape varieties such as Chardonnay, Cabernet, Merlot, Moscato, Pinot Nero and Pinot Grigio, as well as Müller-Thurgau, are grown throughout the region.
Trentino DOC regions
- Casteller DOC - Produced from Schiava, Merlot and Lambrusco.
- Sorni DOC - Produced from Schiava, Teroldego, Lagrein, Nosiola, Müller-Thurgau, Sylvaner and Pinot bianco.
- Teroldego Rotaliano DOC - produced from Teroldego.
- Trentino DOC - Blends and varietal wines produced from Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet franc, Merlot, Chardonnay, Pinot blanc, Moscato, Müller-Thurgau, Nosiola, Pinot grigio, Riesling Italico, Riesling Renano, Traminer Aromatico, Lagrein, Marzemino and Pinot noir.
- Trento DOC - Produced from Pinot noir, Chardonnay, Pinot blanc and Pinot Meunier.
- Valdadige DOC - Shared with the Veneto wine region. Produced wines from Schiava, Lambrusco, Merlot, Pinot noir, Lagrein, Teroldego, Negrara, Pinot blanc, Pinot grigio, Riesling Italico, Rossignola, Müller-Thurgau, Chardonnay, Bianchetta, Trebbiano, Nosiola, Vernaccia, Sylvaner and Veltliner bianco.
- Edmund Mach Foundation, wine academy located in Trentino
- http://www.winecountry.it/regions/trentino/ Wine making in Trentino
- http://www.visittrentino.it/en/articolo/dett/i-vini-del-trentino Trentino wines
- P. Saunders Wine Label Language pp. 120–212 Firefly Books 2004 ISBN 1-55297-720-X
- J. Robinson, J. Harding and J. Vouillamoz Wine Grapes - A complete guide to 1,368 vine varieties, including their origins and flavours pg 112 Allen Lane 2012 ISBN 978-1-846-14446-2