Theodora Komnene (daughter of Alexios I)

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Theodora Komnene
Born15 January 1096
Constantinople
Diedunknown
SpouseConstantine Kourtikes
Constantine Angelos
IssueJohn Doukas
Alexios Komnenos Angelos
Andronikos Doukas Angelos
Isaac Angelos
Maria Angelina
Eudokia Angelina
Zoe Angelina
HouseKomnenos
FatherAlexios I Komnenos
MotherIrene Doukaina
ReligionOrthodox

Theodora Komnene (Greek: Θεοδώρα Κομνηνὴ; born 15 January 1096) was a Byzantine noblewoman, being the fourth daughter of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina. She married Constantine Angelos, by whom she had seven children. Byzantine emperors Alexios III Angelos and Isaac II Angelos were her grandsons, thereby making her an ancestor of the Angelos dynasty.

Family[edit]

Theodora was born in Constantinople at 3 after midnight on 15 January 1096, the fourth of the five daughters, and seventh child overall, of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (r. 1081–1118) and Irene Doukaina.[1] In c. 1111 she married the nobleman Constantine Kourtikes,[a] but her husband died soon after—Theodora is mentioned as a widow in 1118—and the marriage remained childless.[4] In c. 1122, certainly after the death of Alexios I, she married a second time, to Constantine Angelos, a minor noble from Philadelphia. He was exceedingly beautiful, but Empress Irene apparently disapproved of it, and it seems to have soured her relations with Theodora, who is listed last and with the least favourable provisions in the typikon that Irene granted to the Kecharitomene Monastery.[5] Theodora herself is mentioned for the last time in October 1136, and it is unknown when she died. [6] Her husband went on to hold a series of not very successful military commands under Manuel I Komnenos (r. 1143–1180). He is last attested in 1166.[7]

Children[edit]

From her second marriage to Constantine Angelos, Theodora had seven children.[8] Through her sons, Theodora was the progenitor of the Angelos dynasty, which produced three Byzantine emperors, as well as the Komnenodoukas family, which founded the state of EpirusThessalonica.[9][10]

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Kourtikios/Kourtikes family was of Armenian origin, having entered Byzantine service in the 870s. The exact relationship of Constantine to other members of the family, such as the Kourtikios who took part in the conspiracy of the Anemas brothers against Alexios I, is unknown.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Varzos 1984, p. 259.
  2. ^ ODB, "Kourtikios" (A. Kazhdan), pp. 1157–1158.
  3. ^ Varzos 1984, pp. 259–260 (note 3).
  4. ^ Varzos 1984, pp. 259–260.
  5. ^ Varzos 1984, pp. 260–261, esp. note 9.
  6. ^ Varzos 1984, p. 263.
  7. ^ Varzos 1984, pp. 261–264.
  8. ^ Varzos 1984, p. 264.
  9. ^ ODB, "Angelos" (A. Kazhdan), pp. 97–98.
  10. ^ Varzos 1984, pp. 260–261 note 6.
  11. ^ Varzos 1984, pp. 641–649.
  12. ^ Varzos 1984, pp. 650–653.
  13. ^ Varzos 1984, pp. 654–655.
  14. ^ Varzos 1984, pp. 656–662.
  15. ^ Varzos 1984, pp. 663–667.
  16. ^ Varzos 1984, pp. 668–672.
  17. ^ Varzos 1984, pp. 673–674.

Sources[edit]

  • Kazhdan, Alexander, ed. (1991). The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-504652-8.
  • Varzos, Konstantinos (1984). Η Γενεαλογία των Κομνηνών [The Genealogy of the Komnenoi] (PDF) (in Greek). A. Thessaloniki: Centre for Byzantine Studies, University of Thessaloniki. OCLC 834784634.