Theobald III, Count of Champagne

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Theobald III
Count of Champagne
Thibaut 1198.jpg
Seal of Theobald III
Born13 May 1179
Troyes
Died24 May 1201(1201-05-24) (aged 22)
Troyes
Noble familyBlois
Spouse(s)
(m. 1199)
Issue
FatherHenry I, Count of Champagne
MotherMarie of France

Theobald III (French: Thibaut; 13 May 1179 – 24 May 1201) was the count of Champagne from 1197 to his death. He was designated heir by his older brother Henry II when the latter went to the Holy Land on the Third Crusade, and succeeded him upon his death. He cooperated closely with his uncle and suzerain King Philip II of France. He died young, and was succeeded by a posthumous son, Theobald IV, while his widow, Blanche of Navarre, ruled as regent.

Family[edit]

Theobald III was the younger son of Count Henry I of Champagne and Marie of France.[1] He succeeded as count of Champagne in 1197 upon the death of his older brother Henry II.[2] Theobald married Blanche of Navarre[1] on 1 July 1199 at Chartres. They had two children, a daughter, Marie, and a son, Theobald IV, born after Theobald III's death.[1]

Rule[edit]

Charters were written by Theobald and King Philip II of France in September 1198 to dictate the rights of the Jews of the one vis-à-vis the other and to repay debts by Philip to the count of Champagne for the employment of his Jews. These laws were reinforced subsequently in charters that were signed between 1198 and 1231.

In 1198, Pope Innocent III called the Fourth Crusade. There was little enthusiasm for the crusade at first, but on 28 November 1199 various nobles of France gathered at Theobald's court for a tournament (in his castle at Ecry-sur-Aisne), including the preacher Fulk of Neuilly.[a][4] There, they "took the cross", and elected Theobald their leader, but he died in 1201 and was replaced by Boniface I, Marquess of Montferrat.[5]

Following his death on 24 May 1201, Theobald's widow Blanche ruled Champagne as regent for the following 21 years,[6] during which the succession was contested by Theobald's nieces Alice and Philippa, daughters of his predecessor, Henry II.[7] Theobald was buried beside his father, Henry, at the Church of Saint Stephen at Troyes.

Genealogical table[edit]

Selective genealogy of the house of Champagne[1][8][9]
Matilda of CarinthiaTheobald II of Champagne
Henry II of EnglandEleanor of AquitaineLouis VII of FranceAdela
Richard I of EnglandHenry I of ChampagneMarie of FrancePhilip II of France
Isabella I of JerusalemHenry II of ChampagneTheobald III of ChampagneBlanche of Navarre
Alice of ChampagnePhilippa of ChampagneTheobald IV of Champagne

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Edgar McNeal and Robert Wolff both state that Villehardouin's account of the tournament makes no mention of Fulk of Neuilly and that Fulk's inclusion was the work of nineteenth-century writers(ex.Michaud, M. Pettitot[3]).[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Evergates 2007, p. 248.
  2. ^ Evergates 2007, p. 34.
  3. ^ McNeal 1953, p. 371-373.
  4. ^ a b McNeal & Wolff 1969, p. 158.
  5. ^ McNeal & Wolff 1969, p. 164.
  6. ^ Evergates 2007, p. 36-37.
  7. ^ Evergates 2007, p. 39.
  8. ^ Evergates 2011, p. xxviii.
  9. ^ Evergates 2018, p. 109.

Sources[edit]

  • Evergates, Theodore (2007). The Aristocracy in the County of Champagne, 1100-1300. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0812201884.
  • Evergates, Theodore (2011). Feudal Society in Medieval France: Documents from the County of Champagne. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0812200462.
  • Evergates, Theodore (2018). Marie of France: Countess of Champagne, 1145-1198. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 081225077X.
  • McNeal, Edgar H. (1953). "Fulk of Neuilly and the Tournament of Écry". Speculum. Vol. 28, No. 2 April. |volume= has extra text (help)
  • McNeal, Edgar H.; Wolff, Robert Lee (1969). "The Fourth Crusade". In Setton, Kenneth M.; Wolff, Robert Lee; Hazard, Harry W. (eds.). The Later Crusades, 1189-1311. Vol. Two. University of Wisconsin Press. |volume= has extra text (help)
Theobald III, Count of Champagne
Born: 13 May 1179 Died: 24 May 1201
Preceded by Count of Champagne
1197–1201
Succeeded by