Theme of Cyprus

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Theme of Cyprus

θέμα Κύπρου
965– 1191
Cyprus shaded within the Byzantine Empire, AD 1000
Cyprus shaded within the Byzantine Empire, AD 1000
StatusTheme of the Byzantine Empire (965-1185) Rump State (1185-1191)
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Establishment as a theme
960s
• Isaac Komnenos of Cyprus proclaims independence
1185
ISO 3166 codeCY
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Roman Cyprus
Kingdom of Cyprus
Today part of Cyprus
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia

The Theme of Cyprus (Greek: θέμα Κύπρου, thema Kyprou) was a Byzantine military-civilian province, located in the island of Cyprus, established in the 960s after the reconquest of Cyprus by the Byzantine navy. Prior to this the island had been a Byzantine-Arab condominium for three centuries, except occasional short periods where it was occupied by either power. A rebellion by governor Theophilos Erotikos in 1042, and another in 1092 by Rhapsomates, failed as they were quickly subdued by imperial forces. At the end of the 12th century there were again separatist tendencies in Cyprus: Isaac Komnenos of Cyprus proclaimed himself as "basileus" (emperor) in 1185. Cyprus remained under his command until its conquest in 1191 during the Third Crusade by Richard I of England, who sold it to the Knights Templars.

Sources[edit]

  • Gregory, Timothy E. (1991). "Cyprus". In Kazhdan, Alexander (ed.). The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 567–569. ISBN 0-19-504652-8.