Simon III, Count of Saarbrücken

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Simon III of Saarbrücken
Count of Saarbrücken
Graf von Saarbrücken
Count of Saarbrücken
Reign1207-1243
Bornb. 1180
Diedc. 1240
SpouseLauretta of Upper Lorraine
IssueDietrich
Johanna
Loretta, Countess of Saarbrücken
Elisabeth
Mathilde, Countess of Saarbrücken
HouseHouse of Saarbrücken
FatherSimon II, Count of Saarbrücken
MotherLiutgard of Leiningen

Simon III of Sarrebrück, Simon III von Saarbrücken (Saarbrücken-Leiningen) (c. 1180–1243)[1] was the Count of Saarbrücken (de) from 1207 until his death, about 1240.

Background[edit]

Simon III was the eldest son of Simon II (de) (d.1207), Count of Saarbrücken (in office 1183-1207) and Count jure uxoris of Leiningen, and his wife Liutgard of Leiningen (d.a. 1239), who was daughter, sister, cousin or aunt of Emich III? (d. 1180/87 or c.1208), Count of Leiningen.[2] When Liutgard's relative Friedrich (First cousin of Emich III) died c. 1215, she inherited the County of Leiningen. Simon II and his younger brother Heinrich (de) (d. 1228) got a share each of their father Simon's County of Saarbrücken, with Heinrich's part called County of Zweibrücken.

Simon III's younger brother Friedrich III, "Frederick" (d. 1237), inherited the County of Leiningen, and founded "the younger House of Leiningen". His brother Heinrich (de) (d. 1234) was a Bishop of Worms. They belonged to the House of Saarbrücken and related to the "Walramids" (de), descendants of Siegbert and Frederick, Count of Saarbrücken, who was the father-in-law of Frederick II, Duke of Swabia.

In the struggle about the power in the Holy Roman Empire 1208-1215, he sided with the Hohenstaufen. He recognised however Otto of Braunschweig (1175-1218) as the King of Germany, but attended the crowning of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor in 1215 when Otto had to abdicate.

Simon III was a participant in the Fifth Crusade 1217-1219. He acted there as leader in operations in front of Damietta in 1218.[3]

Marriage and issue[edit]

According to a doubtful source Simon III married Gertrude of Dagsburg/Dachsburg (c.1190 - 1225) as her third husband. She was the daughter of Gertrude of Baden (b.1160 – 1225) and Albert II, Count of Dagsburg, and heiress of the County of Dagsburg. It is more likely that it was Simon's nephew, Simon of Leiningen (c. 1205 - 1234/36), son of Friedrich (d. 1237), that married Gertrude in 1224, and became count jure uxoris of Dagsburg in 1234, but was heirless. The line of Dagsburg-Leiningen (de) continued on Friedrich's side, with Simon's brother Friedrich IV (d. 1249/1254).

In 1215/20 Simon then married Lauretta of Upper Lorraine (1195 - a.1226),[4] daughter of "Ferry". Frederick II, Duke of Lorraine[5] with whom he had five children:

After the death of his son Dietrich in 1227, he chose Laurette as his heiress as Countess of Saarbrücken, with an official statement in 1235 with the Bishop of Metz, and gave a part of the county to each of the daughters (mentioning "Joffroi d´Aspremont, Lorate, Mahaus & Jehane"). Mathilde gained the title as Countess of Saarbrücken, but the inheritance was contended by Bishop Lorenz von Leistenberg, and first Mathilde's son Simon IV could safeguard their reign after her death, and the House of Saarbrücken-Commercy prevailed until 1381, when the male line became extinct.

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ [1], [2].
  2. ^ FMG: Emich of Leiningen and the diffuculty of documentation
  3. ^ Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades III, p.151, where he is called Simon II.
  4. ^ Fiche : Laurette de Haute Lorraine
  5. ^ Généalogie Famille de Carné
  6. ^ Women in power 1200-1300 Archived 2007-05-23 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ [3]; "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Retrieved 2007-03-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-29. Retrieved 2017-08-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link).
  8. ^ I20086: COMMERCY, Simon III (Bef 1249 - ____) - seems to be erroneous Archived 2007-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Cawley, Charles, Nobility of Upper Lotharingia, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy,[self-published source][better source needed]
Simon III, Count of Saarbrücken
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Simon II
Wappen der Grafen von Saarbrücken.svg Count of Saarbrücken
1207-1243
Succeeded by
Laure