Rudolf I, Duke of Bavaria
Rudolf I of Bavaria (
October 4 1274, Basle– August 12 1319), (German: "Rudolf I , Herzog von Bayern, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein"), since 1294 he was the Duke of Bavaria, Count Palatine of the Rhine, and a member of the Wittelsbachdynasty. Rudolf was the son of Louis II, Duke of Upper Bavaria, and Mechthild (Matilda), a daughter of King Rudolph I.
He succeeded his father in 1294 and supported his father-in-law king
Adolf of Nassau-Weilburgagainst his uncle, the HabsburgAlbert of Austria. After Adolf's death Rudolf joined Albert's party but the strong dynastic policy of the new king caused a new conflict. Since Albert put pressure on Rudolf he had to accept his younger brother Louis IV as co-regent in 1301. After Albert's assassination in 1308 Rudolf voted for Henry of Luxemburg and then accompanied the new king to Italy.
A civil war against his brother Louis IV due to new disputes on the partition of their lands was ended in 1313, when peace was made at Munich. Louis IV was elected German king in 1314 but Rudolf had voted for his opponent Frederick of Austria. In 1317 after another long controversy with Louis IV he lost the Palatinate and it was agreed that Rudolf gave up his rule until the conflict of Louis with Habsburg was ended. But then Rudolf died already in 1319, assumedly in
But by the Treaty of Pavia in 1329, Louis granted the Palatinate to Rudolf's sons Rudolf II "the Blind" and Rupert I and Rudolf's grandson Rupert II, a son of Adolf. This way finally Rudolf I and his grandson Rupert II became the ancestors of the older (Palatinate) line of the Wittelsbach dynasty, which returned to power also in Bavaria in 1777 after the extinction of the younger (Bavarian) line, the descendants of Louis IV.
Family and children
He married in
Nuremberg 1 September 1294with Mechtild of Nassau, daughter of king Adolf of Nassau-Weilburgand had the following children:
# Ludwig (1297–before
5 April 1311).
Adolf, Count Palatine of the Rhine( 27 September 1300, Wolfratshausen– 29 January 1327).
# Rudolf II the Blind (
8 August 1306, Wolfratshausen– 4 October 1353, Neustadt).
# Rupert I the Red (
9 June 1309, Wolfratshausen– 16 February 1390).
# Mathilde (1312–
25 November 1375), married 1330/1 to Count John III of Sponheim.
# Anna (1318–1319).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria — Rudolf IV der Stifter (the Founder) (November 1 1339 ndash; July 27 1365) was a member of the House of Habsburg and Duke (self proclaimed Archduke) of Austria from 1358 to 1365.BiographyBorn in Vienna, Rudolf was the eldest son of Albert II and… … Wikipedia
Louis II, Duke of Bavaria — Not to be confused with King Ludwig II of Bavaria .Duke Louis II of Bavaria (German: Ludwig II der Strenge, Herzog von Bayern, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein ); 13 April 1229 ndash; 2 February 1294, was Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine from… … Wikipedia
Otto V, Duke of Bavaria — (1346 – 15 November 1379), was a duke of Bavaria and Elector of Brandenburg as Otto VII. Otto was the fourth son of Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV by his second wife Margaret II of Avesnes, countess of Hainaut and Holland. Biography Jointly duke of… … Wikipedia
Welf I, Duke of Bavaria — Welf I (died 6 November 1101, Paphos) was duke of Bavaria from 1070 to 1077 and from 1096 to his death. He was the first member of the Welf branch of the House of Este. In the Welf genealogy he is counted as Welf IV.Welf was the son of Azzo II of … Wikipedia
Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria — Henry IX (died 13 December 1126), called the Black, a member of the House of Welf, was duke of Bavaria from 1120 to 1126.Henry was the second son of Welf I, Duke of Bavaria and Judith of Flanders. As a young man, he administered the family s… … Wikipedia
Rudolf II, Count Palatine of the Rhine — Rudolf II the blind (August 8 1306 in Wolfratshausen ndash; October 4 1353 in Neustadt) was Count Palatine of the Rhine (see Palatinate) from 1329 to 1353.He was the son of Rudolf I, Duke of Bavaria and Matilde of Nassau, daughter of King Adolf… … Wikipedia
Duke Wilhelm in Bavaria — Wilhelm Count Palatine of Birkenfeld Gelnhausen Duke in Bavaria Spouse Countess Palatine Maria Anna of Birkenfeld Zweibrücken Issue Maria Elisabeth, Princess of Neûchatel Duke Pi … Wikipedia
Duke Robert of Württemberg — Spouse Archduchess Maria Immakulata of Austria Full name German: Robert Maria Klemens Philipp Joseph House House of Württemberg Father Duke Philipp of Württemberg … Wikipedia
Duke Philipp of Württemberg — Duke Philipp Spouse Archduchess Marie Thérèse of Teschen Issue Duke Albrecht Duchess Marie Amélie Duchess Maria Isabella Duke Robert Duke Ulrich Full name … Wikipedia
Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria — For the friend and patron of Beethoven, see Archduke Rudolf of Austria (1788–1831). Rudolf Crown Prince of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia Spouse Princess Stéphanie of Belgium Issue … Wikipedia