Catholic Church by country - Wikipedia

Catholic Church by country

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The Catholic Church is "the Catholic Communion of Churches, both Roman and Eastern, or Oriental, that are in full communion with the Bishop of Rome."[2] The church is also known by members as the People of God, the Body of Christ, the "Temple of the Holy Spirit", among other names.[3] According to Vatican II's Gaudium et spes, the "church has but one sole purpose–that the kingdom of God may come and the salvation of the human race may be accomplished."[4][5]

Distribution of Catholics[1]
Percentage of Catholics by country
Number of Catholics by country

This communion of churches comprises the Latin Church (or the Roman or Western Church) as well as 23 Eastern Catholic Churches, canonically called sui juris churches, each led by either a patriarch or a major archbishop in full communion with the Holy See. Historically, these bodies separated from Eastern Christian communions, either to remain in or to return to full communion with the Catholic Church. Vatican II decree on Eastern Catholic Churches, however, explicitly recognizes Eastern Catholic communities as "true Churches" and not just rites within the Catholic Church.[6] This Communion of Churches "exists among and between the individual Churches and dioceses of the universal Catholic Church. Its structural expression is the College of Bishops, each of whom represents and embodies his own local church."[7]

Four Latin Church archbishops are also called patriarchs. This is only titular but gives them precedence in papal milieu. In the case of the Patriarch of Venice, he may wear the red vestments of a Cardinal. Archbishops and bishops administer individual dioceses as successors of the twelve apostles. They are responsible for the ordination, appointment, and supervision of parish priests and the oversight of all church affairs within their diocese except the internal affairs of religious orders of pontifical right. If the responsibility associated with a certain diocese is large, a bishop may be assisted by one or more auxiliary bishops, who are accorded a titular see. A diocese may also have a coadjutor bishop (coadjutor archbishop in the case of an archdiocese), who is effectively the "co-ruler" of the diocese and automatically succeeds to the office of bishop whenever the incumbent bishop leaves office. The title of primate refers to the bishop of the first diocese in a country or territory, which typically has grown into a metropolitan archdiocese, but carries no additional authority.[citation needed]

As of January 2020, the ecclesiastical jurisdiction statistics for Latin and Eastern Catholic Churches were as follows: 1 Holy See; 9 Patriarchates; 4 Major Archdioceses; 560 Metropolitan Archdioceses; 76 Archdioceses; 2,246 Dioceses; 42 Prelatures; 11 Territorial Abbeys; 13 Apostolic Exarchates; 9 (Eastern Catholic Church) Ordinariates; 36 Military Ordinariates; 3 Personal Ordinariates; 1 Personal prelature; 83 Apostolic Vicariates; 39 Apostolic Prefectures; 8 Apostolic Administrations; and 8 Missions 'sui juris'.[citation needed]

The Catholic Church is the "world's oldest continuously functioning international institution."[8] It is also the largest non-government provider of education and health care in the world,[9] while the diplomatic status of the Holy See facilitates the access of its vast international network of charities.

MethodologyEdit

Most of the figures are taken from the CIA Factbook[10] or PEW Research Center Surveys.[11][12][13]

According to the CIA Factbook and the Pew Research Center, the five countries with the largest number of Catholics are, in decreasing order of Catholic population, Brazil, Mexico, the Philippines, the United States, and Italy.

The country where the membership of the church is the largest percentage of the population is Vatican City at 100%, followed by East Timor at 97%.

According to the Census of the 2020 Annuario Pontificio (Pontifical Yearbook), the number of baptized Catholics in the world was about 1.329 billion at the end of 2018. The research initiative Catholics & Cultures compiles data on Catholic demographics, including from the Annuario Pontificio, by country.[14]

Conflicting numbers can be found in 2013 research conducted by the Brazilian polling institute Datafolha. This report states that the percentage of the population in Brazil of Catholic religion, over the age of 16 years, is just 57%,[15] in contrast to the 64.63% published by CIA and to the 68.6% of Pew Research Center. Also, the 2010 Mexican Census showed this percentage to be 83.9%[16] – against a 91.89% number in the CIA World Factbook.

By countryEdit

By clicking on the icons in the column titles you can re-order the table by column.

Catholic Church by country
Country Total population % Catholic Catholic total
  Afghanistan (details) 29,928,987 0.0003% 100
  Albania (details) 3,020,000 10%[17] 302,000
  Algeria (details) 32,531,853 0.14%[18] 45,000
  Andorra (details) 70,000 88.2%[11] 61,740
  Angola (details) 31,100,000 41.1%[10]-50%[19]-55%[20]-56.4%[21]-60%[22] 12,500,000-20,000,000[23]
  Antigua and Barbuda (details) 84,522 8.2%[10] 6,930
  Argentina (details) 42,000,000 62.9%[24]-63.3%[25]-66%[26]-71%[12][27] 26,000,000 - 29,820,000
  Armenia (details) 2,982,904 1% 29,829
  Australia (details) 23,400,000 22.6%[28] 5,292,000
  Austria (details) 8,900,000 55.9% 4,984,633[29]
  Azerbaijan (details) 8,581,400 0.03% 2,574
  Bahamas (details) 330,000 12%[10] 39,600
  Bahrain (details) 800,000 8.9%[11] 71,200
  Bangladesh (details) 158,000,000 0.07% 110,000[11]
  Barbados (details) 250,012 4.2%[10] 10,000
  Belarus (details) 9,500,000 7.1%[30] 674,500
  Belgium (details) 11,200,000 57.1%[31]-58%[32] 6,500,000
  Belize (details) 334,000 40%[33] 133,600
  Benin (details) 7,460,025 26.6%[34] 1,984,366
  Bhutan (details) 2,232,291 0.06% 1,339
  Bolivia (details) 10,500,000 70%[35]-73%[26]-77%[36] 7,980,000
  Bosnia and Herzegovina (details) 3,531,159 15.19%[37] 536,333
  Botswana (details) 1,640,115 4.9% 80,365
  Brazil (details) 210,600,000 54%[26]-58.1%[38]-61%[36]-64.6%[39]-65.0%[40] 123,000,000 - 134,000,000[41] - 140,000,000[42][43]
  Brunei (details) 372,361 5%[11] 18,618
  Bulgaria (details) 7,450,349 0.5%[11] 37,251
  Burkina Faso (details) 13,925,313 17%[10] 2,367,303
  Burundi (details) 12,000,000 62.1%[10] 7,440,000
  Cabo Verde (details) 512,096 77.3%[10] 395,850
  Cambodia (details) 13,607,069 <0.1% <10,000[11]
  Cameroon (details) 25,640,965 38.4%[10] 9,846,000
  Canada (details) 35,770,000 38.7%[44] 13,843,000
  Central African Republic (details) 3,799,897 29%[45] 949,974
  Chad (details) 12,000,000 20%[10]-22.8%[46] 2,520,000
  Chile (details) 18,000,000 45%[47]-55%[48]-64%[36]-66.6%[49] 8,100,000 - 12,000,000
  China (details) 1,400,000,000 0.43%-0.7%[11] 6,000,000[50]-12,000,000[51]
  Colombia (details) 48,000,000 70.9%[52][53]-73%[26]-75%[54]-79%[36][55] 34,000,000-37,900,000
  Comoros (details) 800,000 0.2%[11] 1,600
  Congo, Republic of (details) 5,062,021 33.1%[10]-52.9%[56] 1,675,529-2,409,661
  Congo, Democratic Republic of (details) 100,000,000 36.8%[13]-45%[57]-47.3%[11]-55.8%[58] 36,800,000 - 55,800,000
  Costa Rica (details) 5,000,000 52%[59]-57%[26]-62%[12]-71.8%[60][61][62] 2,600,000 - 3,100,000
  Croatia (details) 4,284,889 86.3%[63] 3,698,000
  Cuba (details) 11,163,934 51.7%[11]-60%[64][65] 6,000,000[66]
  Cyprus (details) 1,100,000 2.9%[67] 11,000
  Czech Republic (details) 10,500,000 10.2%[68]-21%[69]-27.1%[70] 1,071,000
  Côte d'Ivoire (details) 23,800,000[71] 21.4%[11] 5,093,000
  Denmark (details) 5,630,000 0.7%[72] 40,000
  Djibouti (details) 476,703 0.2% 953
  Dominica (details) 71,540 58.1%[11] 41,564
  Dominican Republic (details) 10,400,000 48%[26]-57%[12] 4,992,000 - 5,928,000
  East Timor (details) 1,054,000 97.57%[73]-98.3%[74] 1,021,000
  Ecuador (details) 15,223,680 77.0%[26]-79%[36]-80.4%[75][76] 11,265,523
  Equatorial Guinea (details) 1,620,000 80.7%[11] 1,410,000
  Egypt (details) 77,505,756 0.1% 187,320[77]
  El Salvador (details) 7,000,000 39%[26]-47%[78]-50%[36] 2,730,000
  Eritrea (details) 4,561,599 3.3% 150,532
  Estonia (details) 1,332,893 0.3% 3,998
  Ethiopia (details) 73,053,286 0.7%[10] 584,426
  Federated States of Micronesia (details) 104,468 52.6%[79]-55%[80] 60,000
  Fiji (details) 893,354 9.1%[11] 80,401
  Finland (details) 5,451,270 0.2%[81][82][83] 12,434
  France (details) 66,600,000 47%[84]-48%[85]-51%[86]-57%[87]-60%[88]–66%[89] 31,300,000–44,000,000
  Gabon (details) 1,389,201 50% 694,600
  Gambia (details) 1,593,256 2.1% 33,458
  Georgia (details) 4,677,401 0.8%[10] 84,193
  Germany (details) 83,100,000 27.2%[90] 22,600,000
  Ghana (details) 21,029,853 12.9%[11] 2,712,851
  Greece (details) 11,170,957 0.4% 44,683
  Grenada (details) 89,502 44.6%[10] 39,917
  Guatemala (details) 15,773,000 43%[26]-45%[91]-50%[36] 7,000,000
  Guinea (details) 9,467,866 2.6% 246,164
  Guinea-Bissau (details) 1,416,027 8.9% 126,026
  Guyana (details) 765,283 8.1%[10] 91,833
  Haiti (details) 10,000,000 54.7%[10]-56.7%[11]-56.8%[92] 5,470,000
  Honduras (details) 8,800,000 37%[26]-46%[12] 3,256,000-4,048,000
  Hungary (details) 9,877,000 37.2%[10]–53.0%[32]-56%[69]-62%.[93] 3,674,244
  Iceland (details) 355,277 3.9%[94] 13,799
  India (details) 1,280,000,000 0.9%[11]–1.5%[95][96] 11,520,000–19,900,000[97]
  Indonesia (details) 255,000,000 2.9%[98] 7,395,000
  Iran (details) 68,017,860 0.02% 13,603
  Iraq (details) 38,000,000 0.35%[11] 133,000
  Ireland (details) 4,762,000 78.3%[99] 3,729,000
  Israel (details) 7,746,000 1.2%[11] 92,952
  Italy (details) 60,800,000 74%[100]-75%[101]-76.5%[102]-78.9%[31]-81.7%[103] 42,000,000 - 50,000,000
  Jamaica (details) 2,889,000 2% 57,780
  Japan (details) 127,417,244 0.3%-[11] 0.5%[104] 382,251
  Jordan (details) 5,759,732 0.4%[11] 23,038
  Kazakhstan (details) 15,185,844 0.6% 91,115
  Kenya (details) 47,560,000 20.6%[105][106]-22.1%[11] 9,816,000
  Kiribati (details) 98,000 55.8%[10]-57.3%[107] 54,684
  Korea, North (details) 22,912,177 0.01% 2,291
  Korea, South (details) 53,121,668 11.1%[108] 5,914,669
  Kosovo (details) 1,920,079 3.4% 65,000
  Kuwait (details) 2,335,648 6.1% 142,474
  Kyrgyzstan (details) 5,146,281 0.1% 5,146
  Laos (details) 6,217,141 0.6% 37,302
  Latvia (details) 2,290,237 19.1%[11] 437,435
  Lebanon (details) 4,800,000 28.8%[11] 1,382,400
  Lesotho (details) 2,067,000 45.7%[11]-49.4%[109] 946,000-1,052,237[109]
  Liberia (details) 3,482,211 5.4% 188,039
  Libya (details) 5,765,563 0.7% 40,358
  Liechtenstein (details) 33,863 75.9%[10]-81.7%[11] 25,803
  Lithuania (details) 2,944,459 77.2%[110]-83%[93] 2,311,722
  Luxembourg (details) 538,000 63.8%[31]-65.9%[11] 369,600
  Madagascar (details) 18,040,341 29.5%[34]-38.1%[111] 5,318,293-7,890,000[111]
  Malawi (details) 12,158,924 28.4%[34] 3,449,487
  Malaysia (details) 23,953,136 3.3% 1,290,453
  Maldives (details) 349,106 0.02% 80
  Mali (details) 12,291,529 1.5% 189,289
  Malta (details) 428,000 84.4%[112]-93%[113] 361,372
  Marshall Islands (details) 62,000 8.4%[10] 5,208
  Mauritania (details) 3,086,859 0.1%[11] 3,086
  Mauritius (details) 1,230,602 23.6%[10] 289,314
  Mexico (details) 126,500,000 80%[26]-81%[36]-82.7%[114]-84.9%[11] 100,000,000
  Moldova (details) 4,455,421 0.5% 20,494
  Monaco (details) 36,371 82.3%[11] 29,933
  Mongolia (details) 2,791,272 0.04% 1,116
  Montenegro (details) 625,266 3.4% 21,299
  Morocco (details) 32,725,847 0.07% 22,908
  Mozambique (details) 19,406,703 27.2%[10]-28.4%[11]-30.5%[115] 4,618,795
  Myanmar (details) 42,909,464 1.1% 450,549
  Namibia (details) 2,030,692 22.8%[116] 344,202
    Nepal (details) 27,676,547 0.03% 8,302
  Netherlands (details) 16,970,000 23.3%[117] 3,943,000
  New Zealand (details) 4,700,000 10.0%[118] 470,000
  Nicaragua (details) 6,000,000 40%[26]-50%[12]-55%[119][120] 2,400,000-3,000,000
  Niger (details) 11,665,937 0.1% 11,665
  Nigeria (details) 190,000,000 12.6%[11] 23,940,000
  North Macedonia (details) 2,038,514 1% 20,452
  Norway (details) 5,060,000 2.4%[121]-3.02%[122] 120,900
  Oman (details) 3,000,000 4.1%[11] 110,000
  Pakistan (details) 207,000,000 0.8% 1,656,000
  Palau (details) 19,949 41.6%[10] 8,299
  Palestine (details) 3,761,904 2% 80,000
  Panama (details) 3,500,000 55%[26]-63%[123]-70%[12] 1,925,000 - 2,400,000
  Papua New Guinea (details) 7,000,000 26%[124] 1,890,000
  Paraguay (details) 6,800,000 88.3%[125]-89%[36][26] 6,000,000
  Peru (details) 32,800,000 74%[26]-76%[12][126] 24,600,000
  Philippines (details) 105,000,000[127] 80.6%[128]-81.4%[11]-82.9%[129][130]-86%[131] 85,470,000
  Poland (details) 38,496,000 85.8%[132]-87.5%[133]-92.9%[134] 33,000,000
  Portugal (details) 10,500,000[135] 81.0%[136]–85%[137]-88.0%[138] 8,600,000–9,240,000
  Qatar (details) 863,051 5.8% 50,000
  Romania (details) 22,329,977 4.7%[10] 1,787,408
  Russia (details) 143,420,309 0.5%[11] 717,101
  Rwanda (details) 11,000,000 43.7%[139]-49.5%[140] 4,807,000
  Saint Kitts and Nevis (details) 51,000 6.7% 3,400
  Saint Lucia (details) 165,600 61.3% 101,500
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (details) 106,000 7.5% 7,950
  Samoa (details) 179,000 19.6%[10] 35,084
  San Marino (details) 32,500 90.5%[11]-97%>[141] 29,412
  São Tomé and Príncipe (details) 163,000 73.5%[34] 119,805
  Saudi Arabia (details) 26,417,599 2.5%-3.8%[10]-7%[142] 660,439-1,300,000
  Senegal (details) 11,126,832 3.5% 389,439
  Serbia (details) 7,120,600 6.1%[10] 433,167
  Seychelles (details) 93,000 76.2%[143] 70,866
  Sierra Leone (details) 6,017,643 2.9% 174,511
  Singapore (details) 4,425,720 4.8%[10]-6.7%[144]-7.1%[11] 165,964
  Slovakia (details) 5,397,036 62%[145] 3,347,277
  Slovenia (details) 2,088,908 72.7%[146] 1,513,756
  Solomon Islands (details) 523,000 19%[10] 100,000
  Somalia (details) 8,591,629 0.001% 100
  South Africa (details) 44,344,136 7.1%[10] 2,851,327
  South Sudan (details) 10,000,000 39.7%[147] 3,950,000[147]
  Spain (details) 46,700,000 66.0%[148]-67%[149]-68%[150]-68.9%[151]-70%[152] 32,364,000[153]
  Sri Lanka (details) 20,264,000 6.1%[154] 1,237,000
  Sudan (details) 31,000,000 1% 300,000
  Suriname (details) 551,000 21.6%[155] 119,000
  Swaziland (details) 1,100,000 4.9%[11] 62,803
  Sweden (details) 10,000,000 1.8% 180,000
   Switzerland (details) 8,500,000 35.2%[156][157]-35.9%[158]-36.5%[159] 3,000,000
  Syria (details) 18,448,752 2.1%[10] 368,975
  Taiwan (details) 22,894,384 1.3% 297,626
  Tajikistan (details) 7,163,506 0.01% <1,000[11]
  Tanzania (details) 57,000,000 31.4%[160] 18,000,000
  Thailand (details) 69,000,000 0.3%[11]-0.58%[161][162] 388,468[163][164]
  Togo (details) 5,681,519 26.4%[11] 1,499,921
  Tonga (details) 102,000 15.6%[10] 15,912
  Trinidad and Tobago (details) 1,330,000 21.6%[165] 286,000
  Tunisia (details) 11,000,000 0.2% 22,000
  Turkey (details) 77,700,000 0.05% 35,000
  Turkmenistan (details) 4,750,000 0.01%[166] 500
  Tuvalu (details) 10,000 1% 100
  Uganda (details) 42,000,000 39.3%[167] 16,500,000
  Ukraine (details) 43,000,000 5.6%[11] -10%[168][169] 2,408,000-4,300,000
  United Arab Emirates (details) 2,563,212 5% 128,160
  United Kingdom (details) 63,100,000 9%[170][171][172][173] 5,700,000
  United States (details) 330,000,000 20%[174][175]-22%[176][177]-23%[178] 66,000,000-72,600,000
  Uruguay (details) 3,500,000 38%[26]-41%[179]-42%[36]-47.1%[10] 1,330,000
  Uzbekistan (details) 26,851,195 0.01% 2,685
   Vatican City (details) 842 100% 842
  Vanuatu (details) 243,304 13.1%[10] 36,500
  Venezuela (details) 32,000,000 67%[26]-71%[180]-73%[12] 21,440,000 -23,360,000
  Vietnam (details) 90,000,000 6.9%[181] 6,200,000
  Western Sahara (details) 273,008 0.06% 163
  Yemen (details) 20,727,063 0.02% 4,145
  Zambia (details) 14,300,000 21%[11] 3,003,000
  Zimbabwe (details) 12,746,990 7.71% 982,792
Total 7,093,798,000 17.68% 1,253,926,000

By dependent territoryEdit

Catholic Church by territory
Territory Total population % Catholic Catholic total
  U.S. Virgin Islands (details) 109,840 34%[10] 37,345
  Anguilla (details) 14,108 5.7%[10] 804
  Aruba (details) 101,484 75.3%[182] 76,464
  British Virgin Islands (details) 24,041 9.5%[10] 2,283
  Cayman Islands (details) 47,862 14.1%[10] 6,748
  Curaçao (details) 142,180 72.8%[10] 103,507
  Falkland Islands (details) 3,000 10% 300
  French Guiana (details) 221,500 75% 166,500
  Greenland (details) 55,984 0.2%[11] 111
  Guadeloupe (details) 405,500 85.2%[10] 345,486
  Guam (details) 154,623 85%[10] 131,430
  Hong Kong (details) 7,409,800 5.3% 394,000[183]
  Martinique (details) 390,000 80% 312,000
  Macau (details) 650,000 4.6%[184] 30,000
  New Caledonia (details) 249,000 60.2%[10] 150,000
  Puerto Rico (details) 3,600,000 56%[12]-69.7%[185] 2,016,000
  Réunion (details) 839,500 79.7%[34] 669,249
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (details) 6,025 93%[11] 5,600
  Turks and Caicos Islands (details) 22,352 11.4%[10] 2,548
  Wallis and Futuna (details) 14,231 95.8% 13,631

By regionEdit

These percentages were calculated by using the above numbers. The first percentage, 4th column, is the percentage of population that is Catholic in a region (number in the region x 100 / total population of the region). The last column shows the national Catholic percentage compared to the total Catholic population of the world (number in the region x 100 / total RC population of the world).

AfricaEdit

Catholic Church in Africa
Region Total population Catholic % Catholic % of global Catholic pop.
Central Africa 83,121,055 37,353,218 44.93% 3.47%
East Africa 193,741,900 34,872,130 17.99% 3.24%
North Africa 202,151,323 2,369,490 1.17% 0.22%
Southern Africa 137,092,019 24,463,640 17.84% 2.27%
West Africa 268,997,245 36,152,847 13.43% 3.36%
Total 885,103,542 135,211,325 15.27% 12.57%

AmericasEdit

Catholic Church in the Americas
Region Total population Catholic % Catholic % of global Catholic pop.
Caribbean 24,364,622 19,062,198 78.23% 1.77%
Central America 42,883,849 32,317,384 75.36% 3.00%
North America 448,587,847 173,212,640 38.61% 16.11%
South America 371,363,897 299,570,011 80.66% 27.87%
Total 887,200,215 524,162,233 59.08% 48.75%

AsiaEdit

Catholic Church in Asia
Region Total population Catholic % Catholic % of global Catholic pop.
Central Asia 92,019,166 199,086 1.23% 0.01%
East Asia 1,528,384,440 13,853,142 0.90% 1.28%
South Asia 1,437,326,682 20,107,050 1.39% 1.87%
Southeast Asia 571,337,070 86,701,421 15.17% 8.06%
Total 3,629,067,358 120,860,699 3.33% 11.24%

EuropeEdit

Catholic Church in Europe
Region Total population Catholic % Catholic % of global Catholic pop.
Southeast Europe 65,903,464 6,562,775 9.95% 0.61%
Central Europe 74,591,476 56,787,176 74.8% 5.19%
Eastern Europe 228,118,665 9,702,334 4.25% 0.90%
Western Europe 381,458,905 211,466,942 55.43% 19.67%
Total 730,072,510 285,916,457 37.85% 26.37%

Middle EastEdit

Catholic Church in the Middle East
Region Total population Catholic % Catholic % of global Catholic pop.
Middle East 260,026,365 2,990,573 1.15% 0.27%

OceaniaEdit

Catholic Church in Oceania
Region Total population Catholic % Catholic % of global Catholic pop.
Oceania 30,686,468 7,747,654 25.24% 0.72%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "PEW Research Center: Christian Population as Percentages of Total Population by Country 2010". Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  2. ^ Richard P. McBrien. The Church: The Evolution Of Catholicism. (New York: Harper One, 2008) p.447
  3. ^ Ibid., 2.
  4. ^ Ibid., 3.
  5. ^ Vatican II documents: Pastoral Constitution On The Church in the Modern World: Gaudium et Spes Paragraph 45
  6. ^ Edward P. Hahnenberg. A CONCISE GUIDE TO THE DOCUMENTS OF VATICAN II (Cincinnati, OH: St. Anthony Messenger Press, 2007).
  7. ^ McBrien, 447.
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