Prince Frederick of Prussia (1911–1966)

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Prince Frederick of Prussia
Kronprinzessin Cecilie mit Prinz Friedrich.jpg
Crown Princess Cecilie presents her son Frederick, 1911
Born19 December 1911
Berlin, German Empire
Died20 April 1966(1966-04-20) (aged 54)
Rhine River, West Germany
Burial11 May 1966
Spouse
(m. 1945)
IssuePrince Nicholas
Prince Andreas
Princess Victoria Marina, Mrs. Achache
Prince Rupert
Princess Antonia, Duchess of Wellington
Names
German: Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Christoph
HouseHohenzollern
FatherWilhelm, German Crown Prince
MotherDuchess Cecilie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Prince Frederick George William Christopher of Prussia (German: Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Christoph Prinz von Preußen; 19 December 1911 – 20 April 1966), also known as Friedrich von Preussen in the United Kingdom,[1] was the fourth son of Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany and Duchess Cecilie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

Marriage[edit]

Frederick married on 30 July 1945 at Little Hadham, Lady Brigid Guinness. They had five children:[2]

Prince Nicholas, the eldest son
  • Prince Frederick Nicholas (born 3 May 1946) married non-dynastically,[3] Hon. Victoria Lucinda Mancroft (born 7 March 1952, daughter of Stormont Mancroft, 2nd Baron Mancroft) on 27 February 1980 in London and has issue.
    • Beatrice von Preussen (born 10 February 1981). On 20th September 2021 her engagement to Edmund Henry Jenner was announced.
    • Florence von Preussen (born 28 July 1983) married Hon. James Tollemache (son of Timothy Tollemache, 5th Baron Tollemache) on 10 May 2014, and has issue:
      • Sylvie Beatrice Selina Tollemache (born 2 March 2016)
    • Augusta Lily von Preussen (born 15 December 1986) married Caspar Helmore on 19 September 2015. They have one son:
      • Otto Frederick Charles Helmore (born 11 August 2018)
    • Frederick (Fritz) Nicholas Stormont von Preussen (born 11 June 1990) married Mathilda (Tilly) Noel Johnson (born in 1989) on 25 May 2021.
  • Prince Andreas (born 14 November 1947) married non-dynastically,[3] Alexandra Blahova (28 December 1947 - 8 September 2019) on 2 January 1979, and has issue:
    • Tatiana von Preussen (born 16 October 1980) married Philip Alan Womack (born in 1981) on 28 June 2014. They have three children:
      • Arthur Frederick Richard Womack (born 21 November 2015)
      • Xenia Alexandra Selena Womack (born 29 August 2020)
      • Amalia Maria Brigid Womack (born 29 August 2020)
    • Frederick Alexander von Preussen (born 15 November 1984) married Antalya Nall-Cain (born 3 November 1987) on 27 September 2020.
  • Princess Victoria Marina (born 22 February 1952) married Philippe Alphonse Achache (born 25 March 1945) on 3 May 1976, and has issue:
    • George Jean Achache (born 8 June 1980)
    • Francis Maximilian Frederick Achache (born 30 April 1982)
  • Prince Rupert (born 28 April 1955) married non-dynastically,[3] Ziba Rastegar-Javaheri (born 12 December 1954, into a family of wealthy Iranian industrialists[4]) on 5 January 1982 in London, and has issue:
    • Brigid von Preussen (born 24 December 1983)
    • Astrid von Preussen (born 16 April 1985)
  • Princess Antonia (born 28 April 1955) who married Charles Wellesley, 9th Duke of Wellington on 3 February 1977 at St. Paul's Church, London, and has issue.

Studies in Britain and internment[edit]

He was studying at Cambridge and lived incognito as the Count von Lingen when war broke out in September 1939. He was arrested and interned in May 1940. He was held in Britain for several months and sent to internment camps near Quebec City and soon afterwards in Farnham, Quebec. In both camps, he was elected camp leader by fellow inmates.[5]

British naturalisation in 1947[edit]

He renounced his German citizenship in 1947.[2] He was naturalised as a British citizen in October 1947 under the name Friedrich von Preussen (having also been known during residence in the UK as "George Mansfield").[2] This naturalisation was controversial, in part because being a descendant of Sophia of Hanover, and having rights under the Act of Settlement 1701, as amended by the Sophia Naturalisation Act 1705, he had a claim to British citizenship from birth. His status in context of his claim for compensation for property seized in Poland was debated in Parliament and the law courts until 1961.[1]

Death[edit]

He was the owner of Reinhartshausen Palace at Erbach, Germany. While staying there in 1966, he went missing and was found two weeks later after he had drowned in the Rhine. Whether it was suicide or an accident could not be determined.[2]

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Commons Debate of 19 October 1961
  2. ^ a b c d Eilers, Marlene. Queen Victoria's Descendants. Rosvall Royal Books, Falkoping, Sweden, 1997. pp.17-18, 124-125, 172. ISBN 91-630-5964-9
  3. ^ a b c Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser XIV. "Haus Preußen". C.A. Starke Verlag, 1991, pp. 148-149. ISBN 37-980-0700-4.
  4. ^ Milani, Abbas. Eminent Persians, The Men and Women Who Made Modern Iran, 1941-1979, Volume 1, Syracuse University Press and Persian World Press, Syracuse, New York, 2008. pp.661-664. ISBN 978-0-8156-0907-0
  5. ^ Grandson of Kaiser Was Held in Canada. Toronto Star, June 1, 1945, p. 28