Prince George of Cambridge

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Prince George
Prince George of Cambridge in 2019 (cropped).jpg
Prince George in 2019
Born (2013-07-22) 22 July 2013 (age 8)
St Mary's Hospital, London, UK
Names
George Alexander Louis[1]
HouseWindsor
FatherPrince William, Duke of Cambridge
MotherCatherine Middleton

Prince George of Cambridge (George Alexander Louis; born 22 July 2013) is a member of the British royal family. He is the eldest child of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, and is third in the line of succession to the British throne, behind his grandfather Prince Charles and his father. Due to his rank in the line of succession, and the subsequent expectation that he will one day become the British monarch, his birth was widely celebrated across the Commonwealth realms. George occasionally accompanies his parents on royal tours and engagements.

Birth and christening[edit]

George in the arms of his mother, July 2013

Prince George was born in the Lindo Wing of St Mary's Hospital, London, at 16:24 BST (15:24 UTC) on 22 July 2013.[2] The birth was announced by press release, and was followed by the display of a traditional easel in the forecourt of Buckingham Palace.[2][3] The newborn was widely hailed as a future king in the majority of British newspapers.[4][5] 21-gun salutes signalled the birth in the capitals of Bermuda[6] and New Zealand;[7] the bells of Westminster Abbey and many other churches were rung;[8][9] and landmarks in the Commonwealth realms were illuminated in various colours, mostly blue to signify the birth of a boy.[10] On 24 July, his name was announced as George Alexander Louis.[11] Prince George's official title and style is "His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge",[12][13] which he has carried since birth, in accordance with Letters Patent dated 1898,[14] 1917,[15] and most recently 31 December 2012.[16]

George's father, the Duke of Cambridge, is the elder son of the Prince of Wales, who is the heir apparent to Queen Elizabeth II,[17] placing George third in the line of succession to the British throne.[18] Speculation ensued during the pregnancy of the Duchess of Cambridge that George's birth would boost the British national economy and provide a focus for national pride.[18] Commemorative coins were issued by the Royal Mint and the Royal Canadian Mint,[19][20] the first time a royal birth had been marked that way.[19] Prince George's birth marked the second time that three generations in direct line of succession to the throne have been alive at the same time, a situation that last occurred between 1894 and 1901, in the last seven years of the reign of Queen Victoria.[21]

George was christened by Justin Welby, Archbishop of Canterbury, in the Chapel Royal at St James's Palace on 23 October 2013, with Oliver Baker, Emilia Jardine-Paterson, Earl Grosvenor, Jamie Lowther-Pinkerton, Julia Samuel, William van Cutsem and Zara Tindall serving as godparents.[22][23] The font used at the ceremony was made for Queen Victoria's first child and the water was taken from the River Jordan.[24][25] Prince George spent his first months at his parents' cottage on the grounds of Bodorgan Hall in Anglesey, Wales, before his family relocated to Kensington Palace in 2014.[26][27] His younger siblings, Charlotte and Louis, were born in 2015 and 2018, respectively.[28]

Education[edit]

George's formal education began in January 2016, when, at the age of two, he began attending the Westacre Montessori School Nursery, near his family home at Anmer Hall in Norfolk.[29] He attended his first day of primary school on 7 September 2017 at the Thomas's School in Battersea.[30][31] He attends the school under the name of George Cambridge.[32]

Official appearances[edit]

George embarked on his first royal tour with his parents in April 2014, during which the Cambridges spent three weeks in New Zealand and Australia. Although he only appeared twice, the BBC described the "nine-month-old future king" as "the star of the show".[33] Prime Minister of Australia Tony Abbott predicted in Parliament House, Canberra, that George would one day be welcomed there as King of Australia.[33] In June 2015, he made his first public appearance on the balcony of Buckingham Palace following the Trooping the Colour parade marking the Queen's Official Birthday.[34]

On 22 April 2016, George met U.S. President Barack Obama and his wife Michelle Obama. He was photographed with a rocking horse that the Obamas had given him when he was born. The encounter later prompted Barack Obama to joke that "Prince George showed up to our meeting in his bathrobe... a clear breach of protocol."[35] George and his younger sister, Charlotte, accompanied their parents on a tour of Canada in September 2016,[36][37] and on a diplomatic visit to Poland and Germany in July 2017.[38]

In March 2020, Prince George joined his siblings, Charlotte and Louis, in an online video to applaud key workers during the coronavirus pandemic.[39] In September 2020, the children met David Attenborough; Kensington Palace subsequently released a video of them asking Attenborough questions regarding environmental conservation.[40][41] In December 2020, they made their first red carpet appearance accompanying their parents to the London Palladium for a performance of a pantomime held to thank key workers for their efforts during the pandemic.[42]

In 2021, he and his parents attended the England–Italy final of UEFA Euro 2020 at Wembley Stadium in London. He was referred to as a "good-luck charm" after England won an earlier game he attended.[43]

Public image[edit]

Fashion impact[edit]

The "Prince George effect", sometimes known as the "royal baby effect", is a term used to describe an uptick in sales of clothing and other products used by George.[44] In 2016, the dressing gown that he wore while meeting President Obama sold out after he was seen wearing it.[45] In September 2017 the news that the Prince's school had served a Le Puy green lentil dish resulted in a spike in the sales of the legume.[46] He was ranked number 49 on GQ's "50 Best Dressed Men in Britain" list in 2015.[47] In 2018, George became the youngest person to appear on Tatler's best-dressed list.[48]

Media relations[edit]

George's parents have been adamant about maintaining their son's privacy as he grows up.[49] In August 2015, Kensington Palace stated that they wanted all global media to stop taking unauthorised photographs of George, saying that "a line [had] been crossed" in paparazzi methods of locating and photographing him, including surveilling the family and sending children to bring George into view.[50]

Cultural depictions[edit]

In the British satirical sketch programme Newzoids then toddler Prince George is depicted as a rebellious, foul mouthed character with a lewd sense of humour.[51] The 2016 children's book Winnie-the-Pooh Meets the Queen, written in honor of the 90th birthdays of both Queen Elizabeth II and the fictional character of Winnie-the-Pooh, features a cameo appearance from Prince George, whom Piglet presents a red balloon.[52] The 2021 animated sitcom The Prince stars a fictionalized eight-year-old Prince George (voiced by showrunner Gary Janetti) who makes life difficult both for his family and for the British monarchy.[53]

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ As a member of the royal family entitled to be called His Royal Highness, George does not usually use a family name. But when one is needed, it is Mountbatten-Windsor.
  2. ^ a b Owen, Paul; Walker, Peter; Quinn, Ben; Gabbatt, Adam (22 July 2013). "Royal baby: Duchess of Cambridge gives birth to a boy – as it happened". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 17 May 2021. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  3. ^ "Royal baby bulletin displayed at palace (video)". BBC News. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013. A formal bulletin confirming that the Duchess of Cambridge has given birth to a baby boy has been displayed on an easel at Buckingham Palace.
  4. ^ Malkin, Bonnie; Johnson, Daniel (23 July 2013). "Royal baby: what the British papers said". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 29 April 2021. Retrieved 29 April 2018. News that the Duchess of Cambridge has given birth to the future king has been celebrated on the front page of every paper in Britain.
  5. ^ "A Future Monarch is Born". The Times. 23 July 2013. Archived from the original on 4 June 2021. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  6. ^ "Royal Baby Born, Regiment to Fire 21 Gun Salute". Bernews. 22 July 2013. Archived from the original on 6 May 2021. Retrieved 22 July 2013. The Bermuda Regiment will fire a 21 gun salute at 6.30pm at Albouys Point.
  7. ^ Shuttleworth, Kate (23 July 2013). "Royal baby: NZ marks birth with 21-gun salute". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 23 July 2013. New Zealand was one of the first Commonwealth countries to mark the birth of the Royal baby today with a 21-gun salute.
  8. ^ "Live: Royal baby welcomed with full peal of bells at Westminster Abbey (video)". The Telegraph. 23 July 2013. Archived from the original on 17 August 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2013. Watch live as the bells of Westminster Abbey ring out to signal the mark the birth of Prince to The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.
  9. ^ "The birth of HRH Prince George Alexander Louis of Cambridge". Bell Board. The Ringing World. Archived from the original on 6 May 2021. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  10. ^ Waldie, Paul (12 July 2013). "Around the world, the countdown is on for the royal baby". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 6 August 2020. Retrieved 17 July 2013. Toronto's CN Tower will light up in pink or blue in honour of the birth, depending on whether the baby is a boy or a girl. Niagara Falls is following suit and in New Zealand, 20 landmarks, including Auckland's Sky Tower and Hamilton's Victoria Bridge, will be flashing blue or pink as well.
  11. ^ Davies, Caroline (24 July 2013). "Prince George: royal couple choose name fit for a king". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 6 May 2021. Retrieved 24 July 2013. Sticking rigidly to royal tradition, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge have announced that their baby son is to be called George Alexander Louis, to be known as His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge.
  12. ^ "The Duchess of Cambridge has been delivered of a son". Duke and Duchess of Cambridge website. 22 July 2013. Archived from the original on 31 March 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2013. He is styled His Royal Highness Prince [name] of Cambridge.
  13. ^ "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge name their baby". Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall website. 24 July 2013. Archived from the original on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2021. The baby will be known as His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge.
  14. ^ London Gazette, issue 26973, page 3388, "Crown Office, May 31, 1898. THE Queen has been pleased, by Letters Patent under the Great Seal, to declare that the Children of the Eldest Son of any Prince of Wales shall have, and at all times hold and enjoy, the style, title, or attribute of "Royal Highness." "
  15. ^ London Gazette, issue 30428, page 13086, "Whitehall, 11th December,1917. The KING has been pleased by Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, bearing date the 30th ultimo, to define the styles and titles....the eldest living son of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales shall have and at all times hold and enjoy the style, title or attribute of Royal Highness..."
  16. ^ "No. 60384". The London Gazette. 8 January 2013. p. 213.
  17. ^ "Royal family tree: How the line of succession to the British throne has changed with the birth of Prince Louis". The Telegraph. 26 April 2018. Archived from the original on 10 August 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  18. ^ a b Andrew, Trotman (17 June 2013). "Brits to spend £243m celebrating birth of Royal baby". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 29 April 2021. Retrieved 29 April 2018. The birth of the royal baby, who will be third in line to the throne after Prince Charles and Prince William, is the latest in a run of royal and sporting events.
  19. ^ a b Low, Valentine (26 July 2013). "Royal Mint strikes lucky with prince's name". The Times. Archived from the original on 7 May 2021. Retrieved 11 July 2021. It is the first time a coin has been struck by the Mint to mark a royal birth.
  20. ^ "Governor General unveils coins commemorating birth of Prince George". CTV News. 8 August 2013. Archived from the original on 6 May 2021. Retrieved 11 July 2021. Governor General David Johnston unveiled collector coins commemorating the birth of Prince George of Cambridge Thursday.
  21. ^ Johnson, Daniel (22 July 2013). "Royal baby: three generations of heirs in waiting". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 29 April 2021. Retrieved 14 September 2019. This is only the second time there have been three generations of heirs, the first being in 1894 when Edward VII, George V, and Edward VIII were all in line to succeed Queen Victoria.
  22. ^ "The christening of Prince George of Cambridge". Duke and Duchess of Cambridge website. 27 September 2013. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 27 September 2013. Their Royal Highnesses The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are pleased to announce the christening of Prince George will take place on Wednesday, 23rd October at The Chapel Royal, St James’s Palace. / Prince George will be christened by The Archbishop of Canterbury, the Most Reverend Justin Welby.
  23. ^ "Prince George christening: Godparents announced". BBC News. 23 October 2013. Archived from the original on 10 February 2021. Retrieved 23 October 2013. The names of Prince George's seven godparents have been announced ahead of his christening later. / They are Oliver Baker, Emilia Jardine-Paterson, Earl Grosvenor, Jamie Lowther-Pinkerton, Julia Samuel, William van Cutsem and Zara Tindall.
  24. ^ Relph, Daniela (23 October 2013). "Low-key christening for Prince George". BBC News. Archived from the original on 11 February 2021. Retrieved 11 July 2021. He will be baptised over a font that was made for Queen Victoria's first child, with water from the River Jordan.
  25. ^ Rayner, Gordon (23 October 2013). "Prince George on his best behaviour as he is christened". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 17 May 2021. Retrieved 11 July 2021. Insiders said he barely raised a whimper of protest when the Archbishop of Canterbury trickled water from the River Jordan on his head, unlike his father, who cried during and after his own christening, prompting the Queen Mother to say: 'He has a good set of lungs.'
  26. ^ "Prince George Not Yet Sleeping Through the Night, Says His Dad". ABC News. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  27. ^ "Kate Middleton, Prince William and Baby George to be Honoured by Anglesey". International Business Times UK. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  28. ^ "Prince George". The Royal Family. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  29. ^ Hunt, Peter (18 December 2015). "Prince George to attend Westacre Montessori School Nursery". BBC News. Archived from the original on 24 April 2021. Retrieved 10 June 2021. The two-year-old will go to the Westacre Montessori School Nursery in Norfolk from January.
  30. ^ Hunt, Peter (24 March 2017). "Prince George to attend Thomas's School in Battersea". BBC News. Archived from the original on 11 November 2020. Retrieved 10 June 2021. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge will send Prince George to a private south London primary school in September.
  31. ^ Hunt, Peter (7 September 2017). "Prince George starts first day of school". BBC News. Archived from the original on 15 November 2020. Retrieved 10 June 2021. The four-year-old is attending Thomas's Battersea, an £18,000-a-year preparatory school in London.
  32. ^ Davies, Caroline (7 September 2017). "Prince George arrives for first day at £18,000-a-year prep school". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 27 April 2021. Retrieved 10 June 2021. The newest and most famous pupil, who will be known as George Cambridge, was escorted into the reception class.
  33. ^ a b Witchell, Nicholas (25 April 2014). "Royal tour: Prince George steals the show as support for monarchy rises". BBC News. Retrieved 10 June 2021. 'From the moment he was carried down the aircraft steps... on their arrival in New Zealand on Monday 7 April... He has only appeared twice... On each occasion the appeal of a nine-month-old future king has upstaged even the glamour of a future queen consort and her husband.' & 'Australia's Tony Abbott is a particularly fervent supporter [of the monarchy], even going so far - in a speech in Parliament House in front of William and Catherine - to declare with confidence that their son would one day be welcomed to Australia as King George VII.'
  34. ^ "Prince George watches on excitedly as Royal family arrive at Trooping the Colour parade". The Telegraph. 13 June 2015. Archived from the original on 23 August 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  35. ^ Millward, David; Allen, Nick (1 May 2016). "Barack Obama jokes Prince George's pyjamas greeting was 'slap in the face' in his final speech at White House Correspondents' dinner". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 6 May 2021. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  36. ^ Hunter, Justine (1 October 2016). "Prince William, Kate and children bid farewell to Canada as royal tour ends". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 5 May 2021. Retrieved 23 May 2017. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge ended their Canadian tour on Saturday in Victoria's inner harbour, greeted by delighted cheers as three-year-old Prince George peered out at the crowd and waved with both hands.
  37. ^ "No five: Prince George refuses greeting from Canada's Justin Trudeau". The Guardian. 26 September 2016. Archived from the original on 17 January 2021. Retrieved 29 April 2018. The Canadian prime minister was shut down while trying to greet Britain’s Prince George on the runway when the royal family arrived for their tour of British Columbia.
  38. ^ Hunt, Peter (17 July 2017). "George and Charlotte join Poland and Germany diplomacy tour". BBC News. Archived from the original on 6 May 2021. Retrieved 29 April 2018. Kensington Palace said Prince George, three, and Princess Charlotte, two, would be seen 'on at least a couple of occasions over the course of the week'.
  39. ^ Young, Sarah (27 March 2020). "Clap for our carers: Harry and Meghan join Prince George, Charlotte and Louis in applause for NHS workers". Independent. Archived from the original on 13 November 2020. Retrieved 11 July 2021. The children of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge took part in the nationwide round of applause to thank the NHS for their work amid the coronavirus outbreak.
  40. ^ "Royal children quiz Sir David Attenborough". BBC News. 3 October 2020. Archived from the original on 30 April 2021. Retrieved 11 July 2021. Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis were given the chance to ask the 94-year-old broadcaster questions about the natural world.
  41. ^ Taylor, Elise (3 October 2020). "The Cambridge Kids Have Some Adorable Questions for Sir David Attenborough". Vogue. Condé Nast. Archived from the original on 30 April 2021. Retrieved 11 July 2021. Today on social media, Kensington Palace shared something that could make even the most hard-hearted of us smile: a video of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s three children—Prince George, Princess Charlotte, and Prince Louis—eagerly asking Sir David Attenborough animal questions.
  42. ^ "Prince William and Kate make red carpet debut with royal children". BBC News. 11 December 2020. Archived from the original on 23 December 2020. Retrieved 2 January 2021. Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis watched a performance of Pantoland at the London Palladium with their parents in the royal box.
  43. ^ Javed, Samen. "Prince George wears suit as he cheers England on in Euro 2020 final with his parents". The Independent. Retrieved 20 July 2021.
  44. ^ Thompson, Isobel (20 July 2017). "'The Prince George Effect': How a 4-year-old royal is changing the course of children's fashion". Vogue Paris. Condé Nast. Archived from the original on 11 July 2021. Retrieved 11 July 2021. This was the first iteration of what has been dubbed the 'Prince George Effect', and since then, his continuous ability to deplete the shops of stock has become a national phenomenon.
  45. ^ Ura, Daniel (25 April 2016). "Prince George's $39 robe from Obama meeting sold out in minutes". United Press International. Archived from the original on 6 May 2021. Retrieved 3 March 2017. A robe worn by England's Prince George sold out in minutes after he was photographed in it while meeting President Barack Obama.
  46. ^ Sage, Adam (14 September 2017). "Prince George connection drives demand for French lentils". The Times. Archived from the original on 18 May 2021. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  47. ^ "50 Best Dressed Men in Britain 2015". GQ. 5 January 2015. Archived from the original on 7 January 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2021. Already following in the footsteps of his great-great-great-uncle, Edward VIII, and his grandfather, the Prince of Wales, Prince George looks set to become the UK's best-dressed man.
  48. ^ Taylor, Rebecca (2 August 2018). "Prince George joins Meghan and Kate on Tatler best-dressed list". Sky News. Archived from the original on 14 August 2020. Retrieved 11 July 2021. Prince George has become the youngest person to be named on Tatler's best-dressed list.
  49. ^ Hunt, Peter (29 September 2016). "Prince George and Princess Charlotte in Canada play day". BBC News. Archived from the original on 2 May 2021. Retrieved 29 April 2018. William and Kate are determined their children grow up in private and not in public.
  50. ^ "Prince George 'being harassed by paparazzi'". BBC News. 14 August 2015. Archived from the original on 1 April 2021. Retrieved 14 August 2015. Paparazzi harassment of Prince George has increased and photographers' tactics are becoming increasingly dangerous, Kensington Palace has said. / The palace has issued an appeal to world media not to publish unauthorised images of the two-year-old. / Some paparazzi had gone to 'extreme lengths' to take pictures and 'a line has been crossed', the palace said.
  51. ^ Kimble, Lindsay (30 April 2015). "Royal Baby: Prince William and Princess Kate Puppets Spoof Upcoming Birth". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  52. ^ "Winnie-the-Pooh Meets Queen Elizabeth II (and Prince George) in New Release". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  53. ^ "HBO Max Greenlights Animated Comedy "The Prince" from Creator Gary Janetti and 20th Century Fox Television". WarnerMedia (Press release). 21 January 2020. Retrieved 5 May 2021.

External links[edit]

Prince George of Cambridge
Born: 22 July 2013
Lines of succession
Preceded by Succession to the British throne
3rd in line
Followed by
Princess Charlotte of Cambridge