Prince George William of Great Britain

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Prince George William
Mezzotint of the infant Prince George William
Born(1717-11-13)13 November 1717[1]
St James's Palace, London
Died(1718-02-17)17 February 1718 (aged 3 months 4 days)
Kensington Palace, London
Burial23 February 1718
HouseHanover
FatherGeorge II of Great Britain
MotherCaroline of Ansbach

Prince George William of Great Britain (13 November 1717 – 17 February 1718) was a member of the British royal family, second son of the Prince and Princess of Wales (later King George II and Queen Caroline). He died aged 3 months, 4 days.

Early life[edit]

Prince George William was born at St James's Palace in London on 13 November 1717 (2 November 1717 on the Julian calendar in use at the time).[2] His father, The Prince of Wales, was the son of George I. His mother was Caroline of Ansbach, daughter of Johann Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach. Twenty-six days after his birth, he was baptised at St James's Palace by Bishop of London John Robinson. His godparents were his grandfather the King, the Duke of Newcastle (Lord Chamberlain of the King's Household) and the Duchess of St Albans (First Lady of the Bedchamber to his mother).[3]

The baptism was the catalyst for a family quarrel. The infant's parents wanted to call the baby Louis, and suggested the Queen in Prussia and the Duke of York as sponsors. The King chose the names George William,[4] and, supposedly following custom, appointed the Lord Chamberlain, the Duke of Newcastle, as one of the baptismal sponsors of the child. The King was angered when the Prince of Wales, who disliked Newcastle, verbally insulted the Duke at the christening, which the Duke misunderstood as a challenge to a duel; the Prince shook his fist at Newcastle and said "You are a rascal, but I shall find you out!", which the Duke apparently misheard as "I shall fight you!"[5] The Prince of Wales was banished from court, and he and the Princess of Wales moved into Leicester House, while their children remained in the care of the King.[6] Caroline fell sick with worry, and fainted during a secret visit to her children made without the King's approval.[7] By January, the King had relented and allowed Caroline unrestricted access.[8] In February, Prince George William fell ill, and the King allowed both the Prince and Princess of Wales to see him at Kensington Palace without any conditions. When George William died, a post-mortem was conducted to prove that the cause of death was disease (a polyp on the heart) rather than the separation from his mother.[9]

The young prince died at just over three months of age, long before his father acceded to the throne as George II. His parents blamed George I for his death because his grandfather made his parents leave St. James's Palace and leave their young children behind. Even though this didn't cause his death, this only worsened the relationship between father and son.

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 13 November 1717 – 17 February 1718: His Royal Highness Prince George William[10][11]

Ancestors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All dates in the article are New Style.
  2. ^ "No. 5587". The London Gazette. 2–5 November 1717. p. 2. The Gazette of 2 November was using the "old style") British calendar, which was 11 days behind the Gregorian calendar adopted by Britain in 1752, decades after George William's death.
  3. ^ "Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Royal Christenings". Archived from the original on 2011-08-06. Retrieved 2008-05-20.
  4. ^ Arkell, p. 100
  5. ^ Arkell, p. 101; Van der Kiste, p. 63
  6. ^ Van der Kiste, p. 64
  7. ^ Van der Kiste, p. 66
  8. ^ Van der Kiste, p. 67
  9. ^ Van der Kiste, p. 67
  10. ^ "No. 5615". The London Gazette. 8–11 February 1718. p. 2.
  11. ^ "No. 5616". The London Gazette. 11–15 February 1718. p. 2.
  12. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 55.
  • Arkell, R. L. (1939) Caroline of Ansbach. Oxford University Press.
  • Van der Kiste, John (1997) George II and Queen Caroline. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-1321-5