Green Party of the United States
This article has multiple issues. Please help to improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)
|Governing body||Green National Committee|
|Split from||Greens/Green Party USA|
|Preceded by||Association of State Green Parties|
|Headquarters||6411 Orchard Avenue, Suite 101, Takoma Park, Maryland 20912|
|Youth wing||Young Ecosocialists|
|Women's wing||National Women's Caucus|
|LGBTQIA+ wing||Lavender Greens|
|Latino and Hispanic wing||Latinx Caucus|
|Black wing||Black Caucus|
|Political position||Left-wing to far-left|
|International affiliation||Global Greens|
|Seats in the Senate|
0 / 100
|Seats in the House of Representatives|
0 / 435
0 / 50
|Seats in state upper chambers|
0 / 1,972
|Seats in state lower chambers|
0 / 5,411
0 / 6
|Seats in territorial upper chambers|
0 / 97
|Seats in territorial lower chambers|
0 / 91
|Other elected officials||95 (October 2021)[update]|
|United States portal|
The Green Party of the United States (GPUS) is a federation of Green state political parties in the United States. The party promotes green politics, specifically environmentalism; nonviolence; social justice; participatory democracy, grassroots democracy; anti-war; anti-racism and eco-socialism. On the political spectrum, the party is generally seen as left-wing.
The GPUS was founded in 2001 as the Association of State Green Parties (ASGP) split from the Greens/Green Party USA (G/GPUSA). After its founding, the GPUS soon became the primary national green organization in the country, surpassing the G/GPUSA, which was formed in 1991 out of the Green Committees of Correspondence (CoC), a collection of local green groups active since the year 1984. The ASGP, which formed in 1996, had increasingly distanced itself from the G/GPUSA in the late 1990s.
The Greens gained widespread public attention during the 2000 presidential election, when the ticket composed of Ralph Nader and Winona LaDuke won 2.7% of the popular vote. Nader was accused by Democrats of spoiling the election for Al Gore. Nader maintains that he was not a spoiler in the 2000 election. As of 2021,[update] it is the fourth-largest political party in the United States by voter registration, behind the Libertarian Party.
The political movement that began in 1985 as the decentralized Committees of Correspondence evolved into a more centralized structure by 1990, opening a national clearinghouse and forming governing bodies, bylaws and a platform as the Green Committees of Correspondence (GCoC) and by 1990 simply The Greens. The organization conducted grassroots organizing efforts, educational activities and electoral campaigns.
Internal divisions arose between members who saw electoral politics as ultimately corrupting and supported the notion of an "anti-party party" formed by Petra Kelly and other leaders of the Greens in Germany vs. those who saw electoral strategies as a crucial engine of social change. A struggle for the direction of the organization culminated in a "compromise agreement", ratified in 1990 at the Greens National Congress in Elkins, West Virginia and in which both strategies would be accommodated within the same 527 political organization renamed the Greens/Green Party USA (G/GPUSA). It was recognized by the FEC as a national political party in 1991.
The compromise agreement subsequently collapsed and two Green party organizations have co-existed in the United States since then. The Green Politics Network was organized in 1990 and the National Association of Statewide Green Parties formed by 1994. Divisions between those pressing to break onto the national political stage and those aiming to grow roots at the local level continued to widen during the 1990s. The Association of State Green Parties (ASGP) encouraged and backed Nader's presidential runs in 1996 and 2000. By 2001, the push to separate electoral activity from the G/GPUSA issue-based organizing led to the Boston Proposal and the subsequent rise of the Green Party of the United States. The G/GPUSA lost most of its affiliates in the next few months and dropped its FEC national party status in the year 2005.
|Part of a series on|
The Green Party of the United States follows the ideals of green politics, which are based on the Four Pillars, namely:
The Ten Key Values, which expand upon the Four Pillars, are as follows:
- Grassroots democracy,
- Social justice and equal opportunity,
- Ecological wisdom,
- Community-based economics,
- Feminism and gender equality,
- Respect for diversity,
- Personal and global responsibility, and
- Future focus and sustainability.
The Green Party doesn't accept donations from corporations, political action committees (PACs), 527(c) organizations or soft money. The party's platforms and rhetoric harshly criticize corporate influence and control over government, media, and society at large.
|Part of a series on|
In 2016, the Green Party passed a motion in favor of rejecting both capitalism and state socialism, supporting instead an "alternative economic system based on ecology and decentralization of power". The motion states the change that the party says could be described as promoting "ecological socialism", "communalism", or perhaps the "cooperative commonwealth". The Green Party rejection of both state socialism and capitalism and their promotion of communalism which was created by libertarian socialist Murray Bookchin places the Green Party into the ideology of libertarian socialism.  The eco-socialist economy the Green Party of the United States wants to create is similar to the market socialist mutualist economics of Proudhon which consists of a large sector of democratically controlled public enterprises, a large sector of cooperative enterprises, and a smaller sector of small businesses and self-employed.   Consumer goods and services would be sold to consumers in the market by cooperatives, public enterprises, and small businesses.  Services that would be for free include health care, education, child care, and urban mass transit. Goods and services that would be available at low cost would include public housing, power, broadband, and water.  The party will also create cooperative banks offering low interest somewhat similar to Proudhon's Mutualist banks.  Howie Hawkins who was nominated by the Green Party to run for president of the United States identifies as a libertarian socialist.
The Green Party calls for providing tuition-free college at public universities and vocational schools, increasing funding for after-school and daycare programs, cancelling all student loan debt, and repealing the No Child Left Behind Act. They are strongly against the dissolution of public schools and the privatization of education.
Green New Deal
In 2006, the Green Party developed a Green New Deal that would ultimately serve as a transitional plan to a 100% clean, renewable energy by the year 2030 utilizing a carbon tax, jobs guarantee, tuition-free college, single-payer healthcare and a focus on using public programs.
The Green Party advocates for "complete and full" reparations to the African American community, as well the removal of the Confederate flag from all government buildings.
The party supports same-sex marriage, the right of access to medical and surgical treatment for transgender and gender-nonconforming people, and withdrawing foreign aid to countries with poor LGBT+ rights records.
The Green Party calls on the United States to join the International Criminal Court, and sign the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty and Non-Proliferation Treaty. Additionally, it supports cutting the defense budget in half, as well as prohibiting all arms sales to foreign countries.
The Green Party advocates for the Palestinian right of return and cutting all U.S. aid to Israel. It has also expressed support for the international Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement.
Structure and composition
The Green Party has two national committees recognized by the Federal Election Commission (FEC):
Green National Committee
The GNC is composed of delegates elected by affiliated state parties. The state parties also appoint delegates to serve on the various standing committees of the GNC. The National Committee elects a steering committee of seven co-chairs, a secretary and a treasurer to oversee daily operations. The National Committee performs most of its business online, but it also holds an annual national meeting to conduct business in person.
Five Identity Caucuses have achieved representation on the GNC:
- Black Caucus
- Latinx Caucus
- Lavender Greens Caucus (LGBTQIA+)
- National Women's Caucus
- Young Ecosocialists
Other caucuses have worked toward formal recognition by the GNC:
The Green Party has its strongest popular support on the Pacific Coast, Upper Great Lakes, and Northeast, as reflected in the geographical distribution of Green candidates elected. As of June 2007[update], Californians have elected 55 of the 226 office-holding Greens nationwide. Other states with high numbers of Green elected officials include Pennsylvania (31), Wisconsin (23), Massachusetts (18) and Maine (17). Maine has the highest per capita number of Green elected officials in the country and the largest Green registration percentage with more than 29,273 Greens comprising 2.95% of the electorate as of November 2006[update]. Madison, Wisconsin is the city with the most Green elected officials (8), followed by Portland, Maine (7).
The 2016 presidential campaign of Jill Stein got substantive support from counties and precincts with a high percentage of Native American population. For instance, in Sioux County (North Dakota, 84,1% Native American), Stein gained her best county-wide result: 10.4% of the votes. In Rolette County (also North Dakota, 77% Native American), she got 4.7% of the votes. Other majority Native American counties where Stein did above state average are Menominee (WI), Roosevelt (MT) and several precincts in Alaska.
At its peak in 2004, the Green Party had 319,000 registered members in states allowing party registration and tens of thousands of members and contributors in the rest of the country. As of 2020[update], this has dropped to 251,000. One challenge that the Green Party (as well as other third parties) faces is the difficulty of overcoming ballot access laws in many states, yet the Green Party has active state parties in all but a few states.
As of October 2016[update], 143 officeholders in the United States were affiliated with the Green Party, the majority of them in California, several in Illinois, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Oregon, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin, with five or fewer in ten other states. These included one mayor and one deputy mayor and fourteen county or city commissioners (or equivalent). The remainder were members of school boards, clerks and other local administrative bodies and positions.
Several Green Party members have been elected to state-level office, though not always as affiliates of the party. John Eder was elected to the Maine House of Representatives, re-elected in 2004, but defeated in 2006. Audie Bock was elected to the California State Assembly in 1999, but switched her registration to independent seven months later running as such in the 2000 election. Richard Carroll was elected to the Arkansas House of Representatives in 2008, but switched parties to become a Democrat five months after his election. Fred Smith was elected to the Arkansas House of Representatives in 2012, but re-registered as a Democrat in 2014. In 2010, former Green Party leader Ben Chipman was elected to the Maine House of Representatives as an unenrolled candidate and was re-elected in 2012 and 2014. He has since registered as a Democrat, and is serving in the Maine Senate.
Gayle McLaughlin was twice elected mayor of Richmond, California, defeating two Democrats in 2006 and then reelected in 2010; and elected to City Council in 2014 after completing her second term as mayor. With a population of over 100,000 people, it was the largest American city with a Green mayor. Fairfax, California; Arcata, California; Sebastopol, California; and New Paltz, New York are the only towns in the United States to have had a Green Party majority in their town councils. Twin Ridges Elementary in Nevada County, California held the first Green Party majority school board in the United States.
On September 21, 2017, Ralph Chapman, a member of the Maine House of Representatives, switched his party registration from unaffiliated to Green, providing the Green Party with their first state-level representative since 2014. Henry John Bear became a member of the Green Party in the same year as Chapman, giving the Maine Green Independent Party and GPUS its second currently-serving state representative, though Bear is a nonvoting tribal member of the Maine House of Representatives.
Though several Green congressional candidates have topped 20%, no nominee of the Green Party has been elected to office in the federal government. In 2016, Mark Salazar set a new record for a Green Party nominee for Congress. Running in the Arizona 8th district against incumbent Republican Congressman Trent Franks, Salazar received 93,954 votes or 31.43%.
With exception to state legislatures and major city councils, all other legislative bodies included in the following chronological table had/have more than two affiliated members simultaneously serving in office.
2001–2005: (2/13 seats)
|Minneapolis City Council||Minnesota|
|Maryland House of Delegates||Maryland|
|Maine House of Representatives||Maine|
|Anoka Water Conservation District||Minnesota|
|Arkansas House of Representatives||Arkansas|
(3–4 out of 9 seats)
|Berkeley Rent Stabilization Board||California|
|Fairfax Town Council||California|
(2–5 out of 30 seats)
|Douglas County Board of Supervisors||Wisconsin|
(2–4 out of 20 seats)
|Madison Common Council||Wisconsin|
(2–4 out of 39 seats)
|Dane County Board of Supervisors||Wisconsin|
(3–4 out of 29 seats)
|Portage County Board of Supervisors||Wisconsin|
|Sebastopol City Council||California|
(2–4 out of 9 seats)
|Portland Board of Education||Maine|
|Kalamazoo City Commission||Michigan|
|Arcata City Council||California|
|School Board of Twin Ridges Elementary||California|
|New Paltz Village Council||New York|
|New Jersey General Assembly||New Jersey|
|Santa Monica City Council||California|
|New Haven Board of Aldermen||Connecticut|
|Salem City Council||Oregon|
|Santa Fe City Council||New Mexico|
|Point Arena Town Council||California|
|California State Assembly||California|
|Fayetteville City Council||Arkansas|
List of national conventions and annual meetings
The Green National Convention is scheduled in presidential election years and the Annual National Meeting is scheduled in other years. The Green National Committee conducts business online between these in-person meetings.
- 1996 – Los Angeles, California
- 2000 – Denver, Colorado
- 2001 – Santa Barbara, California
- 2002 – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- 2003 – Washington, D.C.
- 2004 – Milwaukee, Wisconsin
- 2005 – Tulsa, Oklahoma
- 2006 – Tucson, Arizona
- 2007 – Reading, Pennsylvania
- 2008 – Chicago, Illinois
- 2009 – Durham, North Carolina
- 2010 – Detroit, Michigan
- 2011 – Alfred, New York
- 2012 – Baltimore, Maryland
- 2013 – Iowa City, Iowa
- 2014 – Saint Paul, Minnesota
- 2015 – St. Louis, Missouri
- 2016 – Houston, Texas
- 2017 – Newark, New Jersey
- 2018 – Salt Lake City, Utah
- 2019 – Salem, Massachusetts
- 2020 – Virtual Online (originally planned for Detroit, Michigan prior to COVID-19 pandemic)
Presidential ballot access
|History of Green Party ballot access by state or territory|
|#States + D.C. (#write-in)||22 (14)||44 (4)||28 (14)||33 (10)||37 (6)||45 (3)||30 (17)||TBD|
|#Pos. Elect. Votes (#Pos. w-i E.V.)||239 (200)[c]||481 (32)||294 (201)[d]||413 (68)||439 (47)[e]||480 (42)||381 (133)||+204[f]|
|Alabama||Not on ballot||On ballot||Not on ballot||On ballot||(write-in)||TBD|
|Alaska||On ballot||Not on ballot||On ballot||(write-in)[g]||TBD|
|Arizona||(write-in)||On ballot||(write-in)||On ballot||(write-in)||TBD|
|Connecticut||On ballot||(write-in)||On ballot||TBD|
|District of Columbia||On ballot|
|Georgia||Not on ballot||(write-in)||TBD|
|Idaho||Not on ballot||(write-in)||On ballot||(write-in)||TBD|
|Illinois||(write-in)||On ballot||(write-in)||On ballot||TBD|
|Kansas||(write-in)||On ballot||(write-in)||On ballot||(write-in)||TBD|
|Kentucky||(write-in)||On ballot||Not on ballot||On ballot||(write-in)||TBD|
|Louisiana||On ballot||Not on ballot||On ballot|
|Mississippi||Not on ballot||On ballot|
|Missouri||(write-in)||On ballot||Not on ballot||(write-in)||Not on ballot||On ballot||TBD|
|Montana||Not on ballot||On ballot||(write-in)||Not on ballot||On ballot||(write-in)||TBD|
|Nebraska||Not on ballot||On ballot||Not on ballot||On ballot||(write-in)||TBD|
|Nevada||On ballot||Not on ballot||TBD|
|New Hampshire||Not on ballot||On ballot||Not on ballot||(write-in)||On ballot||(write-in)||TBD|
|New Jersey||On ballot||TBD|
|New Mexico||On ballot||TBD|
|New York||On ballot||(write-in)||On ballot||TBD|
|North Carolina||(write-in)||Not on ballot||(write-in)||Not on ballot||(write-in)||On ballot||TBD|
|North Dakota||Not on ballot||On ballot||Not on ballot||On ballot||(write-in)||TBD|
|Ohio||(write-in)||On ballot||(write-in)||On ballot||TBD|
|Oklahoma||Not on ballot||TBD|
|Pennsylvania||(write-in)||On ballot||Not on ballot||On ballot||(write-in)||TBD|
|Rhode Island||On ballot||(write-in)||TBD|
|South Carolina||Not on ballot||On ballot|
|South Dakota||Not on ballot||TBD|
|Tennessee||Not on ballot||On ballot||(write-in)||On ballot||TBD|
|Texas||(write-in)||On ballot||(write-in)||On ballot|
|Utah||On ballot||(write-in)||On ballot||TBD|
|Vermont||On ballot||Not on ballot||(write-in)||On ballot||TBD|
|Virginia||Not on ballot||On ballot||(write-in)||On ballot||(write-in)||TBD|
|West Virginia||Not on ballot||On ballot||(write-in)||On ballot|
|Wyoming||Not on ballot||(write-in)||Not on ballot||On ballot||(write-in)||TBD|
- Includes the three non-voting elected members to the Maine House of Representatives. Henry John Bear, a non-voting member, joined the Green Party along with Representative Ralph Chapman.
- 1996 and 2000 presidential campaigns were prior to formation of GPUS but campaign was endorsed by existing state Green Parties and predecessors ASGP and G/GPUSA.
- Electoral vote allocation for 1996 and 2000 based on 1990 census.
- Electoral vote allocation for 2004 and 2008 based on 2000 census.
- Electoral vote allocation for 2012, 2016 and 2020 based on 2010 census.
- Electoral vote allocation for 2024 based on 2020 census
- Green Party of Alaska, despite having ballot access, did not place the GPUS nominee Howie Hawkins on the ballot.
President and Vice President
|Year||Presidential/Vice presidential candidate||Popular votes||Percentage||Electoral votes||Image|
|2020||Howie Hawkins/Angela Walker
|2016||Jill Stein/Ajamu Baraka
|2012||Jill Stein/Cheri Honkala
|2008||Cynthia McKinney/Rosa Clemente
|2004||David Cobb/Pat LaMarche
|2000||Ralph Nader/Winona LaDuke
|1996||Ralph Nader/Winona LaDuke
- While Stein and Baraka did not receive any electoral votes, Green Winona LaDuke received one vote for Vice President from a Washington faithless elector; the presidential vote went to Faith Spotted Eagle, a Democrat.
- Ralph Nader and Matt Gonzalez, a Green, ran an independent campaign and received 0.6% of the vote, but they were not affiliated with the Green Party.
- Ralph Nader and Peter Camejo, a Green, ran an independent campaign and received 0.4% of the vote; however, they were not affiliated with the Green Party.
- Nader was not formally nominated by the party itself, but he did receive the endorsement of a large number of state parties and is considered as the de facto Green Party candidate.
- In Iowa and Vermont, Anne Goeke was Nader's running mate, in New Jersey it was Madelyn Hoffman and in New York it was Muriel Tillinghast.
House of Representatives
|Election year||No. of overall general
|% of overall vote||No. of overall seats won||+/-|
0 / 435
0 / 435
0 / 435
0 / 435
0 / 435
0 / 435
0 / 435
0 / 435
0 / 435
0 / 435
0 / 435
0 / 435
0 / 435
0 / 435
0 / 435
|Election year||No. of overall general
|% of overall vote||No. of overall seats won||+/-|
0 / 34
0 / 34
0 / 34
0 / 33
0 / 33
0 / 37
0 / 33
0 / 33
0 / 33
0 / 33
0 / 33
Best results in major races
|US Senate||20.5%||Arkansas||2008||Rebekah Kennedy|
|15.4%||District of Columbia||2018||Eleanor Ory|
|14.3%||District of Columbia||2006||Joyce Robinson-Paul|
|US House||31.5%||Arizona District 8||2016||Mark Salazar|
|27.5%||California District 34||2018||Kenneth Mejia|
|23.2%||Arkansas District 2||2008||Deb McFarland|
|10.3%||New Mexico||1994||Roberto Mondragón|
|Other statewide||32.7%||New Mexico State Treasurer||1994||Lorenzo Garcia|
|32.4%||Arkansas State Treasurer||2010||Bobby Tullis|
|26.7%||Arkansas Attorney General||2010||Rebekah Kennedy|
|State Legislature||67.1%||Maine District 38||2002||John Eder|
|50.9%||Maine District 118||2004|
|48.4%||Maine District 118||2006|
Fundraising and position on Super PACs
In the early decades of Green organizing in the United States, the prevailing American system of money-dominated elections was universally rejected by Greens, so that some Greens were reluctant to have Greens participate in the election system at all because they deemed the campaign finance system inherently corrupt. Other Greens felt strongly that the Green Party should develop in the electoral arena and many of these Greens felt that adopting an alternative model of campaign finance, emphasizing self-imposed contribution limits, would present a wholesome and attractive contrast to the odious campaign finance practices of the money-dominated major parties.
Over the years, some state Green parties have come to place less emphasis on the principle of self-imposed limits than they did in the past. Nevertheless, it is safe to say that Green Party fundraising (for candidates' campaigns and for the party itself) still tends to rely on relatively small contributions and that Greens generally decry not only the rise of the Super PACs, but also the big-money system, which some Greens criticize as plutocracy.
Some Greens feel that the Green Party's position should be simply to follow the laws and regulations of campaign finance. Other Greens argue that it would injure the Green Party not to practice a principled stand against the anti-democratic influence of money in the political process. Candidates for office, like Jill Stein, the 2012 and 2016 Green Party nominee for the President of the United States, typically rely on smaller donations to fund their campaigns.
State and territorial parties
The following is a list of accredited state parties which comprise the Green Party of the United States.
Green Party of Alaska
- disaffiliated since January 12, 2021 due to nominating the wrong candidate for the 2020 United States presidential election.
- Arizona Green Party
- Green Party of Arkansas
- Green Party of California
- Green Party of Colorado
- Connecticut Green Party
- Green Party of Delaware
- D.C. Statehood Green Party
- Green Party of Florida
Green Party of Georgia
- disaffiliated July 26, 2021 due to transphobic amendments passed in Party platform
- Green Party of Montana
- Green Party of Hawaii
- Idaho Green Party
- Illinois Green Party
- Indiana Green Party
- Iowa Green Party
- Kansas Green Party
- Kentucky Green Party
- Green Party of Louisiana
- Maine Green Independent Party
- Maryland Green Party
- Green-Rainbow Party (Massachusetts)
- Green Party of Michigan
- Green Party of Minnesota
- Green Party of Mississippi
- Green Party of New York
- Nebraska Green Party
- Green Party of New Jersey
- North Carolina Green Party
- Green Party of Ohio
- Green Party of Oklahoma
- Pacific Green Party (Oregon)
- Green Party of Pennsylvania
Green Party of Rhode Island
- South Carolina Green Party
- Green Party of Tennessee
- Green Party of Texas
- Green Party of Utah
- Vermont Green Party
- Green Party of Virginia
- Green Party of Washington State
- Mountain Party (West Virginia)
- Wisconsin Green Party
- 2020 Green Party presidential primaries
- List of state Green Parties in the United States
- List of political parties in the United States
- Movement for a People’s Party
- Progressivism in the United States
- Ellen Brown
- Mike Feinstein
- Paul Glover
- Daniel Hamburg
- Dario Hunter
- Ben Manski
- Brent McMillan
- Ross Mirkarimi
- Kent Warner Smith
- Dona Spring
- Charlene Spretnak
- Kevin Zeese
- Margaret Flowers
- Does not include 30,992 votes from 2018 United States Shadow Senator election in the District of Columbia
- "Caucuses". Green Party of the United States. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
- "LGBTQIA+ – National Lavender Greens Caucus Green Party of the United States". Green Party of the United States. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
- Winger, Richard. "March 2021 Ballot Access News Print Edition". Ballot Access News. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
- "Ten Key Values". Green Party US. Archived from the original on September 3, 2019. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
- McLarty, Scott (December 20, 2010). "Memo to Progressives: Green or the Graveyard" (PDF). Green Party of the United States. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
- "Green Party of the United States – National Committee Voting – Proposal Details". Green Party US. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
- Lendman, Stephen (October 26, 2012). "Green Party Populism". CounterPunch. Retrieved September 28, 2020.
- "Presidential Hopefuls Meet in Third Party Debate". PBS. October 25, 2012. Archived from the original on January 15, 2017. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
- Resnikoff, Ned (June 23, 2015). "Green Party's Jill Stein Running for President". Al Jazeera. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
- Michel, Casey (April 11, 2017). "How Putin Played the Far Left". The Daily Beast. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
- Roberts, Molly (May 2, 2018). "Opinion: Jill Stein isn't doing the left any favors". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
- Weissmann, Jordan (July 27, 2016). "Jill Stein's Ideas Are Terrible. She Is Not the Savior the Left Is Looking For". Slate. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
- Thompson, Alex; Otterbein, Holly (June 20, 2020). "Jill Stein cost Hillary dearly in 2016. Democrats are still writing off her successor". Politico. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
- "Greens in Office". Green Party of the United States. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
- "Green Party". ballotpedia.org. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
- "Advisory Opinion 2001–13" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. November 8, 2001. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
- "AOR 2011–13: Advisory Opinion Request (AOR) Seeking Recognition of the Coordinating Committee of the Green Party of the United States as the National Committee of the Green Party" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. August 9, 2001. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
- "Coordinating Committee for the Greens/Green Party USA National Committee Governing Body of the "Green Party", Greens/Green Party USA" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. September 7, 2001. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
- Dao, James (November 9, 2000). "The 2000 Elections: The Green Party; Angry Democrats, Fearing Nader Cost Them Presidential Race, Threaten to Retaliate". The New York Times. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
- Nader, Ralph (June 2, 2016). "I was not a 'spoiler' in 2000. Jill Stein doesn't deserve that insulting label, either". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
- Marks, Jodean (1997). "A Historical Look at Green Structure: 1984 to 1992". Synthesis/Regeneration. 14. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- Kelly, Petra (2002). "On Morality and Human Dignity (excerpts)". Synthesis/Regeneration. 28. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- "The Four Pillars". Green Party US. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- "Why Register as a Green – Green Party Website". Green Party. Archived from the original on November 12, 2014. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
- gp.org. A. Ecological Economics. gp.org: IV. Economic Justice & Sustainability. Retrieved 5/21/21 from: https://www.gp.org/economic_justice_and_sustainability#ecosoc
- Bookchin, Murray et all. Social Ecology and Communalism. AK Press. Oakland. 2006. Retrieved 5-20-21 from: http://new-compass.net/sites/new-compass.net/files/Bookchin%27s%20Social%20Ecology%20and%20Communalism.pdf
- https://howiehawkins.us What's Wrong With Capitalism And Why We Need EcoSocialism. howiehawkins.us. Ecosocialism. 3-2-2020. Retrieved 5-28-21 from: https://howiehawkins.us/whats-wrong-with-capitalism-and-why-we-need-ecosocialism/
- Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph. General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Cosimo, Inc. 2007. pp 218-219.
- greensocialist.net. Green Socialist Notes #26. Green Socialist Notes: Greensocialist.net. 5-29-21. Retrieved 6-1-21 from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V9Mr0gzNIsM&ab_channel=HowieHawkins
- PRIMO NUTMEG. Green Party's Howie Hawkins on Anarchism. PRIMO NUTMEG #175. www.youtube.com. 5-30-19. Retrieved 6-1-21 from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=onpeJZUHh68&ab_channel=PrimoNutmeg
- "II. Social Justice – Health Care". Green Party US. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- "II. Social Justice – Economic Justice". Green Party US. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- Atkin, Emily (February 22, 2019). "The Democrats Stole the Green Party's Best Idea". The New Republic. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- Schroeder, Robert (February 12, 2019). "The 'Green New Deal' isn't really that new". MarketWatch. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- "II. Social Justice – Criminal Justice". Green Party US. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- "II. Social Justice – Civil Rights and Equal Rights". Green Party US. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- "I. Democracy – Foreign Policy". Green Party US. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- "Green Party Condemns Trump's Withdrawal from Iran Nuclear Deal". Green Party US. May 9, 2018. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- "Greens, Calling for Palestinian Rights, Urge Divestment from Israel". Green Party US. November 28, 2005. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- "The Green Senatorial Campaign Committee". Greenscc.org. Archived from the original on January 15, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2019.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
- Grigsby, Karen (October 21, 2010). "Green Party Black Caucus Journal". Gpblackcaucus.blogspot.com. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "Latinx Caucus of The Green Party of the United States". Green Party US. August 17, 2019.
- "National Women's Caucus: Green Party". Greens.org. Archived from the original on February 10, 2018. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "Young Ecosocialists". yesgp.org. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "Disability Caucus of the USGP". Immuneweb.org. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "Green Labor Network". Green Party of The United States. Archived from the original on June 15, 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "Indigenous Caucus – Green Party Watch". greenpartywatch.org. Archived from the original on December 22, 2017. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "Green Party Elders Caucus". Greenpartyelderscaucus Wordpress. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "2010 Election Database". Greens.org. Archived from the original on January 6, 2009. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- Winger, Richard (March 26, 2007). "Maine Green Registration Rises Again". Ballot Access News. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "Creating a National Precinct Map – Decision Desk HQ". decisiondeskhq.com. Archived from the original on August 20, 2017. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "Green Party Ballot Status and Voter Registration Totals (United States)". Green Party of California. May 2005. Archived from the original on May 26, 2008. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "Green Party Voter Registration Statistics". registergreenparty.org. Retrieved October 7, 2020.
- "Officeholders". Green Party of the United States. Archived from the original on February 17, 2017. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "Sole Green Party Legislator Makes Switch". RAND California Policy Bulletin. October 18, 1999. Archived from the original on August 13, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "Ca 2000 Election Night Returns" (PDF). The Capital Connection. November 8, 2000. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 1, 2010. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "Nation's highest-ranking Green switching parties". The San Diego Union-Tribune. April 29, 2009. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- Hardy, Ronald. "Fred Smith Elected to Arkansas State House on Green Party Ticket". Green Party Watch. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- Winger, Richard (February 26, 2014). "Arkansas Representative Fred Smith, Elected as a Green Party Nominee in 2012, Files for Re-Election as a Democrat". Ballot Access News. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- Hardy, Ronald. "Maine Greens Elect Three; Plus Independent to State Assembly". Green Party Watch. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- "District 27 - State Senator Benjamin Chipman (D - Cumberland) | Maine State Legislature". legislature.maine.gov.
- "Official Results of the 2006 Municipal Election Held on November 7, 2006". Richmond City Clerk's Office. January 25, 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- "Results of 2010 midterm elections are mixed bag for Mayor Bloomberg". Daily News. New York. November 7, 2010. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
- "Most Greens holding elected office at the same time on a single legislative body". Green Party of the United States. September 12, 2012. Archived from the original on September 16, 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- Cousins, Christopher (September 22, 2017). "Lawmaker's party switch gives Greens a seat in the Maine House". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- Winger, Richard (December 10, 2016). "Green Party Nominee for U.S. House in Arizona Sets a New Record for Green Candidates for Congress – Ballot Access News". Ballot Access News. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- "Most Greens on a Legislative Body". GP Elections. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
- "Greens in State Legislatures". GP Elections. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
- Winger, Richard (September 9, 1996). "PRESIDENTIAL STATUS". Ballot Access News. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- "1996 PRESIDENTIAL GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS". FEDERAL ELECTIONS 96. Federal Election Commission. June 1997. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Winger, Richard (October 1, 2000). "PRESIDENTIAL BALLOT STATUS". Ballot Access News. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- "2000 PRESIDENTIAL GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS". FEDERAL ELECTIONS 2000. Federal Election Commission. June 2001. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Winger, Richard (November 4, 2004). "2004 BALLOT STATUS FOR PRESIDENT". Ballot Access News. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- "OFFICIAL GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS FOR UNITED STATES PRESIDENT NOVEMBER 2, 2004" (PDF). FEDERAL ELECTIONS 2004. Federal Election Commission. May 2005. pp. 27–39. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Winger, Richard (November 1, 2008). "2008 BALLOT STATUS FOR PRESIDENT". Ballot Access News. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- "OFFICIAL GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS FOR UNITED STATES PRESIDENT NOVEMBER 4, 2008" (PDF). FEDERAL ELECTIONS 2008. Federal Election Commission. July 2009. pp. 27–40. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Winger, Richard (October 1, 2012). "2012 BALLOT STATUS FOR PRESIDENT". Ballot Access News. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- "OFFICIAL GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS FOR UNITED STATES PRESIDENT NOVEMBER 6, 2012" (PDF). FEDERAL ELECTIONS 2012. Federal Election Commission. July 2013. pp. 27–40. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Winger, Richard (November 1, 2016). "BALLOT STATUS FOR PRESIDENT, INCLUDING WRITE-IN STATUS". Ballot Access News. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- "OFFICIAL GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS FOR UNITED STATES PRESIDENT NOVEMBER 8, 2016" (PDF). FEDERAL ELECTIONS 2016. Federal Election Commission. December 2017. pp. 25–44. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- "Ballot Access". Howie Hawkins 2020. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
- "Ballot Access". Green Party US. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
- "U.S. Electoral College: 1992, 1996, and 2000 List Of States And Votes". Federal Register. U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- "U.S. Electoral College: Distribution of 2004 and 2008 Electoral Votes". Federal Register. U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- "U.S. Electoral College: Distribution of Electoral Votes". Federal Register. U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Bullington, Kathryn (August 2, 2016). "Jill Stein's Ballot Access Campaign Gets Major Boost from Bernie Defectors". Idependent Voter News. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- Winger, Richard (September 9, 2016). "Rhode Island Secretary of State Says Three Independent Presidential Petitions Have Enough Valid Signatures". Ballot Access News. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- Winger, Richard (December 25, 2016). "U.S. House National Totals by Party, 2016". Ballot Access News. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
- Winger, Richard (December 22, 2016). "Democrats Outpoll Republicans in U.S. Senate Races by 10,512,669 Votes, but Republicans Win 22 of the 34 Seats". Ballot Access News. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
- Garecht, Joe (December 8, 2011). "7 Creative Political Fundraising Ideas". Localvictory.com. Archived from the original on March 16, 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
- Becker, Colleen (February 9, 2012). "Long Shots". The Huffington Post. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
- "Green Party – State Parties". Green Party US. 2015. Archived from the original on September 26, 2015. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Green Party of the United States.|