Palacio de Cristal del Retiro
The Palacio de Cristal, in the shape of a Greek cross, is made almost entirely of glass set in an iron framework on a brick base, which is decorated with ceramics. Its cupola makes the structure over 22 metres high. When it was erected, glass and iron construction on a large scale was already to be seen in Madrid at Delicias station (1880), the work of a French architect; however, the curved architecture of the Palacio de Cristal is more comparable to the techniques pioneered by the British architects Joseph Paxton (who was responsible for London's Crystal Palace) and Decimus Burton (who was responsible for the Palm House at Kew Gardens). The Palacio de Cristal was, alongside the Pabellón Central, one of the main venues of the 1887 Philippines Exposition.
The cast-iron frame was manufactured in Bilbao. The structure was designed in a way that would allow it to be re-erected on another site (as happened to the equivalent building in London). However, the building has remained on the original site, next to a lake, and has been restored to its original appearance. It is no longer used as a greenhouse, and is currently used for art exhibits.
- Sánchez Avendaño, María Teresa (1998). "Análisis histórico y sociológico de la Exposición de Filipinas en la España finisecular". Revista Española del Pacífico. VII (8): 271–287 – via Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes.
- "The adaptability of nineteenth century iron structures in Madrid". Retrieved 20 September 2016.
- "Palacio de Cristal". Go Madrid. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
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