362 relations: Adalbert of Prague, Adelaide of Meissen, Adelaide of Poland, Agnes of Antioch, Agnes of Bohemia, Agnes of Bohemia, Duchess of Jawor, Albert I, Margrave of Meissen, Anne of Bohemia (1290–1313), Anne of Bohemia, Duchess of Silesia, Čermná ve Slezsku, Świętosława of Poland, Świny, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Barbara Rockemberg, Bast shoe, Battle of Chlumec, Battle on the Marchfeld, Béla III of Hungary, Beatrice of Bohemia, Beatrice of Bourbon, Queen of Bohemia, Benešov, Bernhard von Spanheim, Bieruń, Bořivoj I, Duke of Bohemia, Bohemia, Bohemian Crown Jewels, Bohemians (tribe), Bolesław I, Duke of Cieszyn, Bolesław II Rogatka, Bolesław II the Generous, Bolesław the Pious, Boleslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, Boleslaus II, Duke of Bohemia, Boleslaus III, Duke of Bohemia, Boleslaus, son of Děpolt, Boleslaw (given name), Bolko I of Opole, Boppard, Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav, Bretislav I, Bretislav III, Brno, Broumov, Bruno von Porstendorf, Bruntál, Brzeg, Budeč (Kladno District), Casimir I of Opole, Casimir II the Just, Casimir of Bytom, Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, ..., Cherven Cities, Christianization of Bohemia, Church of St. James the Greater (Jihlava), Church of the Virgin Mary (Prague Castle), Cistercians, Coat of arms of Kłodzko, Coat of arms of Slovakia, Coat of arms of the Czech Republic, Conrad II of Znojmo, Conrad II, Duke of Bohemia, Cosmas of Prague, Countess of the Palatinate, County of Kladsko, Crown jewels, Czech Corner, Czech Gothic architecture, Czech lands, Czech nobility, Czech Republic, Czech Republic–Germany relations, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Czechs, Dagmar of Bohemia, Děčín, Děpolt, Děpolt II, Domoslav, Doubravka of Bohemia, Drahomíra, Duchess of Swabia, Duchy of Austria, Duchy of Bohemia, Duchy of Carinthia, Duchy of Głubczyce, Duchy of Krnov, Duchy of Legnica, Duchy of Luxemburg, Duchy of Münsterberg, Duchy of Pless, Duchy of Racibórz, Duchy of Sieradz, Duchy of Styria, Duchy of Troppau, Duke of Olomouc, Dynasty, Elizabeth of Bohemia (1292–1330), Elizabeth Richeza of Poland, Ernest, Duke of Opava, Euphrosyne of Opole, Family of Gediminas, First Mongol invasion of Poland, Flag of Austria, Flag of Moravia, Frýdlant, Frederick I, Margrave of Baden, Frederick II, Duke of Austria, Frederick, Duke of Bohemia, Frederick, Duke of Opava, Głubczyce, Głuchołazy, German–Polish War (1002–18), Gertrude of Babenberg, Duchess of Bohemia, Golden Bull of Sicily, Gregory Bicskei, Havel of Markvartice, Hedwig of Habsburg, Helen of Znojmo, Henry (VII) of Germany, Henry II the Pious, Henry III the White, Henry of Bohemia, Hevelli, History of Brno, History of Christianity in the Czech Lands, History of Moravia, History of Poland during the Piast dynasty, History of Prague, History of the Czech lands, History of the Czech lands in the High Middle Ages, History of Wrocław, Hluboká nad Vltavou, Horní Planá, Hostivít, House of Gorizia, House of Habsburg, House of Luxembourg, Hradisko Monastery, Hustopeče, Hynek Krušina of Lichtenburg, Ida of Wettin, Immurement, Jadwiga (wife of Władysław Odonic), Jan II the Good, Jaromír, Duke of Bohemia, Jaroměř, Johannes von Tepl, John Henry, Margrave of Moravia, John I, Duke of Opava, John I, Duke of Opava-Ratibor, John II, Duke of Opava, John II, Duke of Opava-Ratibor, John IV, Duke of Krnov, John of Bohemia, John Parricida, Judith of Bohemia, Judith of Habsburg, Judith of Schweinfurt, Judith of Thuringia, Kędzierzyn-Koźle, Kłodzko Land, Křesomysl, King and Charcoal Burner, Kingdom of Bohemia, Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385), Kings of Bohemia family tree, Kinsky, Kladno District, Konrad I of Masovia, Konrad I, Duke of Głogów, Kunigunda of Halych, Kunigunde of Bohemia, Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen, Ladislaus of Salzburg, Landštejn Castle, Lands of the Bohemian Crown, Lech (Bohemian prince), Lendians, Leopold II, Margrave of Austria, Leopold V, Duke of Austria, Levý Hradec, Libice nad Cidlinou, Libuše, Lichnowsky, List of Austrian consorts, List of Bavarian consorts, List of Bohemian consorts, List of Bohemian monarchs, List of consorts of Baden, List of consorts of Brandenburg, List of consorts of Luxembourg, List of consorts of Schleswig and Holstein, List of country-name etymologies, List of Danish consorts, List of Hungarian consorts, List of margraves of Meissen, List of margravines of Meissen, List of minor planets named after people, List of national founders, List of Polish consorts, List of Polish monarchs, List of Russian consorts, Litoměřice, Loket Castle, Lordship of Hummel, Louis I of Brzeg, Lower Silesia, Lubań, Ludmila (wife of Mieszko I Tanglefoot), Ludmila of Bohemia, Ludmilla of Bohemia, Luitpold of Znojmo, Luitpoldings, Madonna of Zbraslav, March of Carniola, Margaret of Austria, Queen of Bohemia, Margaret of Bohemia, Duchess of Wroclaw, Margaret of Opava, Margaret, Countess of Tyrol, Margravate of Meissen, Margraviate of Austria, Margraviate of Moravia, Maria of Bohemia, Mariánské Lázně, Mestwin II, Duke of Pomerania, Mieszko I of Poland, Mieszko I Tanglefoot, Mieszko I, Duke of Cieszyn, Mieszko, Duke of Lubusz, Mikulov, Mnata, Moravia, Moravian traditional music, Most (Most District), National symbols of the Czech Republic, Neklan, Nezamysl, Nicholas I, Duke of Troppau, Nicholas II, Duke of Opava, Nicholas III, Duke of Opava, Nicholas IV, Duke of Opava, Nicholas IV, Duke of Ratibor-Bruntál, Nicholas V, Duke of Krnov, Nitra, Oldřich of Olomouc, Oldřich, Duke of Bohemia, Olomouc, Opolans, Otto I of Olomouc, Otto II the Black, Otto, Duke of Austria, Ottokar I of Bohemia, Ottokar II of Bohemia, Outline of Prague, Příbor, Přemek I, Duke of Opava, Přemysl, Přemysl the Ploughman, Peace of Bautzen, Pernštejn Castle, Philip of Spanheim, Philip of Swabia, Piast dynasty, Pokřikov, Poland in the Early Middle Ages, Polish–Teutonic War (1326–32), Pomerelia, Postoloprty, Prague, Prague-East District, Predslava of Kiev, Przemko II, Duke of Opava, Przemko III, Duke of Opava, Przemysł I of Greater Poland, Przemysł II, Pszczyna, Racibórz, Rawa coat of arms, Rebellion of mayor Albert, Richeza of Berg, Royal family, Rudolf I of Bohemia, Rudolf I of Germany, Rudolf II, Duke of Austria, Rudoltice, Saint Wenceslas Cathedral, Salomea of Berg, Sedlčany, Seniorate Province, September 26, Siege of Niemcza, Silesians (tribe), Slavník, Slavník dynasty, Soběslav (died 1004), Soběslav I, Duke of Bohemia, Sokołowsko, Sponheim family, Spytihněv I, Duke of Bohemia, Spytihněv II, Duke of Bohemia, Stříbro, Střezislava, Steyr, Strachkvas, Sudeten Germans, Sudetenland, Svatopluk, Duke of Bohemia, Sviatopolk II of Kiev, Territorial evolution of Poland, Treaty of Trentschin, Ulrich I, Duke of Brno, Ulrich III, Duke of Carinthia, Uničov, Upper Lusatia, Upper Silesia, Velišovští z Velišova, Veveří Castle, Vladislaus I, Duke of Bohemia, Vladislaus II of Moravia, Vladislaus II, Duke of Bohemia, Vladislaus III of Moravia, Vladislaus III, Duke of Bohemia, Vladislav, Vladivoj, Duke of Bohemia, Vlastislav, Vnislav, Vojen, Vratislaus I, Duke of Bohemia, Vratislaus II of Bohemia, Vršovci, Vsevolod IV of Kiev, Vyšehrad, Waldstein family, Władysław I the Elbow-high, Władysław Odonic, Wenceslaus I of Bohemia, Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, Wenceslaus I, Duke of Opava, Wenceslaus II of Bohemia, Wenceslaus II, Duke of Opava, Wenceslaus II, Duke of Opava-Ratibor, Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, Wenceslaus III, Duke of Rybnik, West Slavs, White Croats, William, Duke of Opava, Willigis, Witiko of Prčice, Wratislaus of Brno, Wrocław Cathedral, Wyszesława of Kiev, Zavis of Falkenstein, Zbraslav Monastery, Zbyslava of Kiev, Zlicans, Znojmo, Znojmo Castle, Znojmo Rotunda, Zvíkov Castle, 15374 Teta, 3102 Krok, 721, 867. Expand index (312 more) » « Shrink index
Adalbert of Prague (Adalbertus / Wojciech Sławnikowic); 95623 April 997), known in Czech by his birth name Vojtěch (Voitecus), was a Bohemian missionary and Christian saint. He was the Bishop of Prague and a missionary to the Hungarians, Poles, and Prussians, who was martyred in his efforts to convert the Baltic Prussians to Christianity. He is said to be the composer of the oldest Czech hymn Hospodine, pomiluj ny and Bogurodzica, the oldest known Polish hymn, but the authorship has not confirmed. St. Adalbert (or St.
Adelaide of Meissen (Adléta Míšeňská, Adelheid von Meißen; – 2 February 1211), a member of the House of Wettin, was Queen of Bohemia from 1198 to 1199 as the first wife of King Ottokar I. When her husband declared their marriage null and void, she began a longstanding legal dispute that involved numerous religious and secular dignitaries of her time.
Adelaide of Poland (Adelajda Kazimierzówna) (c. late 1170s / early 1180s – 8 December 1211), was a Polish princess and member of the Piast dynasty.
Agnes of Antioch (1154 – c. 1184) was a Queen of Hungary from 1172 until 1184 as the first wife of Béla III.
Agnes of Bohemia, O.S.C., (Svatá Anežka Česká, 20 June 1211 – 2 March 1282), also known as Agnes of Prague, was a medieval Bohemian princess who opted for a life of charity, mortification of the flesh and piety over a life of luxury and comfort.
Agnes of Bohemia (Anežka Přemyslovna, Agnieszka Przemyślidka) (1305–1337) was the only child of King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia by his second wife, Elisabeth Richeza of Poland.
Albert I (1158 – 24 June 1195), called the Proud (Albrecht der Stolze), a member of the House of Wettin, was the Margrave of Meissen from 1190 until his death.
Anne of Bohemia (1290–1313) was the eldest surviving daughter of Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland and his first wife Judith of Habsburg.
Anne of Bohemia (Anna Lehnická, Anna Przemyślidka; c. 1203/1204 – 26 June 1265), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duchess of Silesia and High Duchess of Poland from 1238 to 1241, by her marriage to the Piast ruler Henry II the Pious.
Čermná ve Slezsku is a village in the district of Opava, Moravia, Czech Republic.
Świętosława of Poland (Svatava Polská (c. 1046-1048 – 1 September 1126)) was the third wife of Duke (later King) Vratislaus II of Bohemia and the first Queen of Bohemia as of 1085.
Świny (Schweinhaus) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Bolków, within Jawor County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.
Barbara Rockemberg (d. aft. 12 November 1463), also known as Barbara Orientowa, was a Polish bourgeois woman who in her third marriage became Duchess of Racibórz, Krnov, Bruntál and Rybnik during 1451-1452 and Sovereign ruler over Pszczyna during 1452-1462.
Bast shoes are shoes made primarily from bast — fiber taken from the bark of trees such as linden or birch.
The Battle of Chlumec was the culmination of a 12th-century war of succession in the Duchy of Bohemia.
The Battle on the Marchfeld (i.e. Morava Field; Bitva na Moravském poli; Morvamezei csata) at Dürnkrut and Jedenspeigen took place on 26 August 1278 and was a decisive event for the history of Central Europe for the following centuries.
Béla III (III., Bela III, Belo III; 114823 April 1196) was King of Hungary and Croatia between 1172 and 1196.
Beatrice of Bohemia (Božena Česká; 1225–1290) was a daughter of King Wenceslaus I of Bohemia and his wife Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen.
Beatrice of Bourbon (1320 – 23 December 1383) was a French noblewoman.
Benešov (Beneschau) is a town in the Central Bohemian Region, Czech Republic, about southeast of Prague, the biggest town and former capital of the Benešov District.
Bernhard von Spanheim (or Sponheim; 1176 or 1181 – 4 January 1256), a member of the noble House of Sponheim, was Duke of Carinthia for 54 years from 1202 until his death.
Bieruń (Berun) is a town in Upper Silesia, in southern Poland, about south of Katowice.
Bořivoj I (Borzivogius, c. 852 – c. 889) was the first historically documented Duke of Bohemia and progenitor of the Přemyslid dynasty.
Bohemia (Čechy;; Czechy; Bohême; Bohemia; Boemia) is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic.
The Bohemian Crown Jewels, sometimes called the Czech Crown Jewels (české korunovační klenoty), include the Crown of Saint Wenceslas (Svatováclavská koruna), the royal orb and sceptre, the coronation vestments of the Kings of Bohemia, the gold reliquary cross, and St. Wenceslas' sword.
The Bohemians (Behemanni) or Bohemian Slavs (Bohemos Slavos, Boemanos Sclavos), were an early Slavic tribe in Bohemia (modern Czech Republic).
Bolesław I of Cieszyn (Bolesław I cieszyński, Boleslav I. Těšínský, Boleslaus I. von Teschen) (– 6 May 1431) was a Duke of half of Bytom and Siewierz from 1405, Duke of Cieszyn and half of both Głogów and Ścinawa from 1410, and Duke of Toszek and Strzelin during 1410–1414.
Bolesław II Rogatka or Bolesław II the Horned (Bolesław II Rogatka), known also as Bolesław II the Bald, (Bolesław II Łysy) (c. 1220/5 – 26/31 December 1278), a member of the Silesian Piasts, was High Duke of Poland briefly in 1241 and Duke of Silesia at Wrocław from 1241 until 1248, when the duchy was divided between him and his brothers.
Bolesław II the Generous, also known as the Bold and the Cruel (Bolesław II Szczodry; Śmiały; Okrutny; c. 1042 – 2 or 3 April 1081 or 1082), was Duke of Poland from 1058 to 1076 and third King of Poland from 1076 to 1079.
Bolesław the Pious (Bolesław Pobożny) (1224/27 – 14 April 1279) was a Duke of Greater Poland during 1239–1247 (according to some historians during 1239–1241 sole Duke of Ujście), Duke of Kalisz during 1247–1249, Duke of Gniezno during 1249–1250, Duke of Gniezno-Kalisz during 1253–1257, Duke of whole Greater Poland and Poznań during 1257–1273, in 1261 ruler over Ląd, regent of the Duchies of Mazovia, Płock and Czersk during 1262–1264, ruler over Bydgoszcz during 1268–1273, Duke of Inowrocław during 1271–1273, and Duke of Gniezno-Kalisz from 1273 until his death.
Boleslaus I the Cruel, also called Boleslav I (Boleslav I. Ukrutný) (– 15 July, 967 or 972), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was ruler (kníže, "duke" or "prince") of the Duchy of Bohemia from 935 to his death.
Boleslaus II the Pious (Boleslav II.; - 7 February 999), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 972 until his death.
Boleslaus III (– 1037), called the Red (Boleslav III.; to denote "red hair") or the Blind, a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 999 until 1002 and briefly again during the year 1003.
Boleslaus, son of Děpolt (Czech: Boleslav Děpoltovic) (1182 or 1183 – April 9 1241 at Battle of Legnica) also known as "Szepiołka" was a Moravian Prince.
Boleslaw, Bolesław, Boleslav or Boleslaus in Latin, is a male given name of Slavic origin meaning great glory.
Bolko I of Opole (Bolko I Opolski; before 21 October 1258 – 14 May 1313), was a Duke of Opole from 1282 (until 1284 with his brother as co-ruler), Niemodlin and Strzelce Opolskie until his death.
Boppard, formerly also spelled Boppart, is a town and municipality (since the 1976 inclusion of 9 neighbouring villages, Ortsbezirken) in the Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis (district) in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, lying in the Rhine Gorge, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav (Brandeis-Altbunzlau) is an administratively united pair of towns in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic, in the heart of the agricultural region of Polabí, about 25 km northeast from Prague.
Bretislav I (Břetislav I.; 1002/1005–10 January 1055), known as the "Bohemian Achilles", of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 1035 until his death.
Henry Bretislaus (died 15 or 19 June 1197), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Bishop of Prague from 1182, then Duke of Bohemia as "Bretislaus III" from 1193 to his death.
Brno (Brünn) is the second largest city in the Czech Republic by population and area, the largest Moravian city, and the historical capital city of the Margraviate of Moravia.
Broumov (Braunau) is a town in the Czech Republic, in the Náchod District of the Hradec Králové Region, near the border with Poland.
Bruno von Porstendorf otherwise Bruno II of Meissen or Bruno II von Porstendorf (died 4 December 1228) was Bishop of Meissen from 1209 to 1228.
Bruntál (Freudenthal in Schlesien, Bruntal, Latin: Vallis Gaudiorum, Vrudental) is a town located near the western boundary of the Moravian-Silesian Region, in Czech Silesia.
Brzeg (Latin: Alta Ripa, former German name: Brieg) is a town in southwestern Poland with 36,381 inhabitants (2016) and the capital of Brzeg County.
Budeč is an early medieval settlement within the modern Czech Republic.
Casimir I of Opole (Kazimierz I opolski; – 13 May 1230), a member of the Piast dynasty, was a Silesian duke of Opole and Racibórz from 1211 until his death.
Casimir II the Just (Kazimierz II Sprawiedliwy; 1138 – 5 May 1194) was a Lesser Polish Duke at Wiślica during 1166–1173, and at Sandomierz after 1173.
Casimir of Bytom (Kazimierz bytomski) (1253/57 – 10 March 1312) was a Duke of Opole during 1282–1284 (with his brother as co-ruler) and Duke of Bytom from 1284 until his death.
Charles IV (Karel IV., Karl IV., Carolus IV; 14 May 1316 – 29 November 1378Karl IV. In: (1960): Geschichte in Gestalten (History in figures), vol. 2: F-K. 38, Frankfurt 1963, p. 294), born Wenceslaus, was a King of Bohemia and the first King of Bohemia to also become Holy Roman Emperor.
In the turn of 10th and 11th century the territory of Cherven Cities or Cherven Towns Червенські городи, Grody Czerwieńskie) was a point of dispute between the Kingdom of Poland and Kievan Rus', each claiming its own rights to the land. Finally it became a part of Ruthenia. In English texts these often literally translated as Red Cities/Red Towns.
The Christianization of Bohemia refers to the spread of the Christian religion in the lands of medieval Bohemia.
The Church of St.
The Church of the Virgin Mary was the first known church built in the current area of the Prague Castle.
A Cistercian is a member of the Cistercian Order (abbreviated as OCist, SOCist ((Sacer) Ordo Cisterciensis), or ‘’’OCSO’’’ (Ordo Cisterciensis Strictioris Observantiae), which are religious orders of monks and nuns. They are also known as “Trappists”; as Bernardines, after the highly influential St. Bernard of Clairvaux (though that term is also used of the Franciscan Order in Poland and Lithuania); or as White Monks, in reference to the colour of the "cuccula" or white choir robe worn by the Cistercians over their habits, as opposed to the black cuccula worn by Benedictine monks. The original emphasis of Cistercian life was on manual labour and self-sufficiency, and many abbeys have traditionally supported themselves through activities such as agriculture and brewing ales. Over the centuries, however, education and academic pursuits came to dominate the life of many monasteries. A reform movement seeking to restore the simpler lifestyle of the original Cistercians began in 17th-century France at La Trappe Abbey, leading eventually to the Holy See’s reorganization in 1892 of reformed houses into a single order Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance (OCSO), commonly called the Trappists. Cistercians who did not observe these reforms became known as the Cistercians of the Original Observance. The term Cistercian (French Cistercien), derives from Cistercium, the Latin name for the village of Cîteaux, near Dijon in eastern France. It was in this village that a group of Benedictine monks from the monastery of Molesme founded Cîteaux Abbey in 1098, with the goal of following more closely the Rule of Saint Benedict. The best known of them were Robert of Molesme, Alberic of Cîteaux and the English monk Stephen Harding, who were the first three abbots. Bernard of Clairvaux entered the monastery in the early 1110s with 30 companions and helped the rapid proliferation of the order. By the end of the 12th century, the order had spread throughout France and into England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Eastern Europe. The keynote of Cistercian life was a return to literal observance of the Rule of St Benedict. Rejecting the developments the Benedictines had undergone, the monks tried to replicate monastic life exactly as it had been in Saint Benedict's time; indeed in various points they went beyond it in austerity. The most striking feature in the reform was the return to manual labour, especially agricultural work in the fields, a special characteristic of Cistercian life. Cistercian architecture is considered one of the most beautiful styles of medieval architecture. Additionally, in relation to fields such as agriculture, hydraulic engineering and metallurgy, the Cistercians became the main force of technological diffusion in medieval Europe. The Cistercians were adversely affected in England by the Protestant Reformation, the Dissolution of the Monasteries under King Henry VIII, the French Revolution in continental Europe, and the revolutions of the 18th century, but some survived and the order recovered in the 19th century.
The coat of arms of Kłodzko shows a white Bohemian Lion on a red field with a golden crown and a double tail.
The coat of arms of Slovakia consists of a red (gules) shield, in early Gothic style, charged with a silver (argent) double cross standing on the middle peak of a dark blue mountain consisting of three peaks.
The coat of arms of the Czech Republic displays the three historical regions—the Czech lands—which make up the nation.
Conrad II of Znojmo (Konrád II.; d. 1161), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was a Bohemian prince who ruled in the Moravian principality of Znojmo from 1123 to 1128 and again from 1134 until his death.
Conrad II Otto (– 9 September 1191), a member of Přemyslid dynasty, was the first Margrave of Moravia from 1182 to 1189 and Duke of Bohemia from 1189 until his death.
Cosmas of Prague (Kosmas Pražský; Cosmas Decanus; – October 21, 1125) was a priest, writer and historian born in a noble family in Bohemia.
The Countess of the Palatinate was the consort of the Count of the Palatinate, one of the Empire's greatest princes.
The County of Kladsko (Kladské hrabství, Grafschaft Glatz, Hrabstwo kłodzkie) was a historical administrative unit within Bohemia as a part of the Kingdom of Bohemia and later in the Kingdom of Prussia with its capital at Kłodzko (Kladsko) on the Nysa river.
Crown Jewels are the objects of metalwork and jewellery in the regalia of a current or former monarchy.
The Czech Corner (Český koutek, Czeski kątek, Böhmischer Winkel) is a territory found in the western end of Klodzko land, close to the current Czech-Polish border.
Czech Gothic architecture refers to the architectural period primarily of the Late Middle Ages in the area of the present-day Czech Republic (former Crown of Bohemia, primarily consisting of the Kingdom of Bohemia and Margraviate of Moravia).
The Czech lands or the Bohemian lands (České země) are the three historical regions of Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia.
Czech nobility consists of the noble families of the Czech lands that include Bohemian nobility, Moravian nobility and Silesian nobility.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
Czech–German relations date back some 1,500 years.
The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (Czech/Slovak: Československá socialistická republika, ČSSR) ruled Czechoslovakia from 1948 until 23 April 1990, when the country was under Communist rule.
The Czechs (Češi,; singular masculine: Čech, singular feminine: Češka) or the Czech people (Český národ), are a West Slavic ethnic group and a nation native to the Czech Republic in Central Europe, who share a common ancestry, culture, history and Czech language.
Dagmar of Bohemia (also known as Margaret of Bohemia; 1186 – 24 May 1212 in Ribe) was queen consort of Denmark as the first spouse of King Valdemar II of Denmark.
Děčín (Tetschen, 1942–45: Tetschen–Bodenbach) is a town in the Ústí nad Labem Region in the north of the Czech Republic.
Děpolt or Děpold is the Czech language variant of the German name Diepold, a variant of Theobald.
Děpolt II (1150s – 21 November 1190), also known as Diepold II (modern English Theobald), was a Bohemian nobleman from the cadet branch of the Přemyslid dynasty and the leader of the Bohemian troop in the Third Crusade.
Domoslav (also written Domaslav), was a Czech hymnographer, living probably at the turn of 13th and in the first half of 14th century.
Doubravka of Bohemia or Dobrawa, Dąbrówka (Doubravka Přemyslovna, Dobrava Přemyslovna, Dobrawa Przemyślidka, Dąbrówka Przemyślidka) (ca. 940/45 – 977) was a Bohemian princess of the Přemyslid dynasty and by marriage Duchess of the Polans.
Drahomíra of Stodor (Drahomíra ze Stodor; – died after 934 or 936) was Duchess consort of Bohemia from 915 to 921, wife of the Přemyslid duke Vratislaus I. She also acted as regent of the Duchy of Bohemia from 921 to 924 during the minority of her son Wenceslaus.
The Duchy of Austria (Herzogtum Österreich) was a medieval principality of the Holy Roman Empire, established in 1156 by the Privilegium Minus, when the Margraviate of Austria (Ostarrîchi) was detached from Bavaria and elevated to a duchy in its own right.
The Duchy of Bohemia, also referred to as the Czech Duchy, (České knížectví) was a monarchy and a principality in Central Europe during the Early and High Middle Ages.
The Duchy of Carinthia (Herzogtum Kärnten; Vojvodina Koroška) was a duchy located in southern Austria and parts of northern Slovenia.
Duchy of Głubczyce (Hlubčické knížectví, Herzogtum Leobschütz, Księstwo Głubczyckie) was one of the duchies of Silesia.
The Duchy of Krnov (Ducatus Carnoviensis, Krnovské knížectví, Księstwo Karniowskie) or Duchy of Jägerndorf (Herzogtum Jägerndorf) was one of the Duchies of Silesia, which in 1377 emerged from the Duchy of Troppau (Opava), itself a fief of the Bohemian Crown.
The Duchy of Legnica (Księstwo Legnickie, Lehnické knížectví) or Duchy of Liegnitz (Herzogtum Liegnitz) was one of the Duchies of Silesia.
The Duchy of Luxemburg (Luxembourg, Lëtzebuerg) was a state of the Holy Roman Empire, the ancestral homeland of the noble House of Luxembourg.
The Duchy of Münsterberg (Herzogtum Münsterberg) or Duchy of Ziębice (Księstwo Ziębickie, Minstrberské knížectví) was one of the Duchies of Silesia, with a capital in Münsterberg (Ziębice).
The Duchy of Pless (or the Duchy of Pszczyna,Julian Janczak, (An outline for the History of Cartography till the End of the 18th century), Opole: 1976, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw: Institute of History of Science, Education and Technology, 1993,. This contains sections in several European languages, including; Accessed 2008-13-01. ^ Tadeusz Walichnowski, (Przynaleznosc terytorialna archiwaliow Panstwa Polskiego w stosunkach miedzynarodowych), Polish Scientific Publishers, Warsaw, 1977. Polish State Archives. ^Nagel's Encyclopedia Guide, Poland by Nagel Publishers, 1989, 399 pages,. Accessed 2008-13-01. Herzogtum Pleß, Księstwo Pszczyńskie) was a Duchy of Silesia, with its capital at Pless (present-day Pszczyna, Poland).
Duchy of Racibórz (Herzogtum Ratibor, Ratibořské knížectví) was one of the duchies of Silesia.
The Duchy of Sieradz (ducatus Siradiae, Księstwo Sieradzkie) was one of the territories created during the period of the fragmentation of Poland.
The Duchy of Styria (Herzogtum Steiermark; Vojvodina Štajerska; Stájer Hercegség) was a duchy located in modern-day southern Austria and northern Slovenia.
The Principality of Opava (Opavské knížectví) (Księstwo Opawskie) or Duchy of Troppau (Herzogtum Troppau) was a historic territory split off from the Margraviate of Moravia before 1269 by King Ottokar II of Bohemia to provide for his natural son, Nicholas I. The Opava territory thus had not been part of the original Polish Duchy of Silesia in 1138, and was first ruled by an illegitimate offshoot of the Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty, not by the Silesian Piasts like many of the neighbouring Silesian duchies.
The title of Duke of Olomouc (dux) or Prince of Olomouc (kníže olomoucký) was held by members of the Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty in the Middle Ages in Moravia.
A dynasty is a sequence of rulers from the same family,Oxford English Dictionary, "dynasty, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1897.
Elizabeth of Bohemia (Eliška Přemyslovna) (20 January 1292 – 28 September 1330) was a princess of the Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty who became queen consort of Bohemia as the first wife of King John the Blind (John of Luxembourg).
Elizabeth Richeza of Poland (Eliška-Rejčka; Ryksa-Elżbieta; 1 September 1288 – 19 October 1335), was a Polish princess member of the House of Piast and by her two marriages Queen consort of Bohemia, Poland and Duchess consort of Austria and Styria.
Ernest of Opava (Ernst von Troppau; Arnošt Opavský; – 1464) was a member of the Opava branch of the Přemyslid dynasty.
Euphrosyne of Opole (Eufrozyna opolska, Фрося, Yefrosinia) (1228/30 – 4 November 1292) was a daughter of Casimir I of Opole and his wife Viola, Duchess of Opole.
The family of Gediminas is a group of family members of Gediminas, Grand Duke of Lithuania (ca. 1275–1341), who interacted in the 14th century.
The Mongol Invasion of Poland from late 1240 to 1241 culminated in the battle of Legnica, where the Mongols defeated an alliance which included forces from fragmented Poland and their allies, led by Henry II the Pious, the Duke of Silesia.
The flag of Austria (Flagge Österreichs) has three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and red.
An official appearance of the Flag of Moravia, unlike the provincial Moravian coat of arms, does not exist, because such a flag has never been granted to Moravia.
Frýdlant, sometimes cited also as Frýdlant v Čechách (Friedland in Böhmen) is a town in the Liberec District of the Liberec Region in the Czech Republic.
Frederick I of Baden (1249 – October 29, 1268), a member of the House of Zähringen, was Margrave of Baden and of Verona, as well as claimant Duke of Austria from 1250 until his death.
Frederick II (Friedrich II.; 25 April 1211 – 15 June 1246), known as Frederick the Quarrelsome (Friedrich der Streitbare), was Duke of Austria and Styria from 1230 until his death.
Frederick (Bedřich) (– 25 March 1189), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 1172 to 1173 and again from 1178 to his death.
Frederick, Duke of Opava (Bedřich Opavský; Friedrich von Troppau; – 1470) was a member of the Opava branch of the Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty.
Głubczyce (Hlubčice or sparsely Glubčice, Leobschütz, Silesian German: Lischwitz) is a town in Opole Voivodeship in southern Poland, near the border with the Czech Republic.
Głuchołazy (Bad Ziegenhals; Hlucholazy) is a town in Nysa County, in Opole Voivodeship of southwestern Poland, near the border with the Czech Republic.
The German–Polish War which took place from 1002 to 1018 consisted of a series of struggles between the Ottonian king Henry II of Germany (Holy Roman Emperor from 1014) and the Polish Piast ruler Bolesław I the Brave.
Gertrude of Babenberg (Gertruda Babenberská; – 8 April 1150), a member of the House of Babenberg, was Duchess consort of Bohemia from 1140 until her death, by her marriage to the Přemyslid duke Vladislaus II.
The Golden Bull of Sicily (Zlatá bula sicilská, Bulla Aurea Siciliæ) was a decree issued by Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor in Basel on 26 September 1212 that confirmed the royal title obtained by Ottokar I of Bohemia in 1198, declaring him and his heirs Kings of Bohemia.
Gregory Bicskei (Bicskei Gergely; died 7 September 1303) was a prelate in the Kingdom of Hungary at the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries.
Havel of Markvartice, also Havel of Lemberk (Havel z Lemberka) or Gallus of Lämberg; fl. 1230–1255) was a Bohemian nobleman, Lord of Lemberk Castle and burgrave of Kladsko.
Hedwig (or Heilwig; – 1303), a member of the royal House of Habsburg, was Margravine of Brandenburg from 1279 until 1285/1286, by her marriage with the Ascanian margrave Otto VI of Brandenburg-Salzwedel.
Helena of Znojmo (Helena Znojemská; Helena znojemska; c. 1141–1202/06), was a Bohemian princess, a member of the Přemyslid dynasty.
Henry (VII) (1211 – 12 February ? 1242), a member of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was King of Sicily from 1212 until 1217 and King of Germany (formally Rex Romanorum) from 1220 until 1235, as son and co-ruler of Emperor Frederick II.
Henry II the Pious (Henryk II Pobożny) (1196 – 9 April 1241),*Cawley, Charles; Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, Medieval Lands Project; Silesia v3.0; Dukes of Breslau (Wrocław) and Lower Silesia 1163–1278 (Piast) (Chap 4); Heinrich II Duke of Lower Silesia; retrieved May 2015.
Henry III the White (Henryk III Biały) (– 3 December 1266), a member of the Silesian Piasts, was Duke of Silesia at Wrocław from 1248 until his death, as co-ruler with his brother Władysław.
Henry of Carinthia (Heinrich von Kärnten, Jindřich Korutanský; – 2 April 1335), a member of the House of Gorizia (Meinhardiner), was Duke of Carinthia and Margrave of Carniola (as Henry VI) as well as Count of Tyrol from 1295 until his death.
The Hevelli or Hevellians, also known as Stodorans (sometimes Havolane; Heveller or Stodoranen; Hawelanie or Stodoranie; Havolané or Stodorané) were a tribe of the Polabian Slavs, who settled around the middle Havel river in the present-day Havelland region of Brandenburg in eastern Germany from the 8th century onwards.
Brno was recognised as a town in 1243 by Wenceslaus I, King of Bohemia, but the area had been settled since the 2nd century.
The history of Christianity in the Czech Lands began in the 9th century.
The history of Moravia, one of the Czech lands, is diverse and characterized by many periods of foreign governance.
The period of rule by the Piast dynasty between the 10th and 14th centuries is the first major stage of the history of the Polish nation.
The history of Prague covers more than a thousand years, during which time the city grew from the Vyšehrad Castle to the capital of a modern European state, the Czech Republic.
The history of what are now known as the Czech lands (České země) is very diverse.
The history of the Czech lands in the High Middle Ages encompasses the period from the rule of Vladislav II (c.1110–1174 AD) to that of Henry of Bohemia (c.1265–1335).
Wrocław (Vratislav, Breslau) has long been the largest and culturally dominant city in Silesia, and is today the capital of Poland's Lower Silesian Voivodeship.
Hluboká nad Vltavou, until 1912: Podhrad, Frauenberg) is a town in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.
Horní Planá (Oberplan) is a town in Český Krumlov District, in South Bohemia, Czech Republic.
Hostivít was the last of the seven Bohemian mythical princes between the (also mythical) founder of the Přemyslid dynasty Přemysl the Ploughman and the first historical prince Bořivoj.
The Counts of Gorizia (Conti di Gorizia; Grafen von Görz; Goriški grofje), or Meinhardiner, were a comital dynasty in the Holy Roman Empire, originally officials in the Patriarchate of Aquileia, who ruled the County of Gorizia (Görz) from the early 12th century onwards.
The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.
The House of Luxembourg (Lucemburkové) was a late medieval European royal family, whose members between 1308 and 1437 ruled as King of the Romans and Holy Roman Emperors as well as Kings of Bohemia (Čeští králové, König von Böhmen) and Hungary.
Hradisko Monastery or Monastery Hradisko (Czech language: Klášter Hradisko or Klášterní Hradisko, or simply Hradiště; colloquially also: Moravský Escorial, English: Castle Monastery or Hillfort Monastery) is a former monastery and a former village north-east of the city of Olomouc, nowadays a suburb of Olomouc.
Hustopeče (Auspitz) is a town of Břeclav District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic.
Hynek Krušina of Lichtenburg (also: Henry Kruschina of Lichtenburg, in Hynek Krušina IV.; 1392 – 4 March 1454, Kłodzko (Kladsko, Glatz)) was a Hussite commander and governor and lien holders of the County of Kladsko, the Duchy of Münsterberg and the city of Ząbkowice Śląskie (Frankenstein).
Ida of Wettin (Ida Wettinská, Ida von Wettin, also Hidda von Eilenburg;born c.1031 died after 1061), a member of the Saxon House of Wettin, was Duchess consort of Bohemia from 1055 until 1061 by her marriage with Duke Spytihněv II.
Immurement (from Latin im- "in" and murus "wall"; literally "walling in") is a form of imprisonment, usually for life, in which a person is placed within an enclosed space with no exits.
Jadwiga; d. 29 December 1249), was by marriage Duchess consort of Greater Poland. Her parentage is disputed among historians and sources. Among the possible origins for Jadwiga include.
Jan II of Opole (Jan II Dobry) (– 27 March 1532) was a Duke of Opole-Brzeg (until 1481)-Strzelce-Niemodlin in 1476 (with his brothers as co-rulers during 1476), ruler over Gliwice (in 1494), Toszek (in 1495), Niemodlin (again, in 1497), Bytom (in 1498), Koźle (in 1509), and Racibórz (in 1521).
Jaromír (died 4 November 1035), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia, in 1003, from 1004 to 1012, and again from 1034 to 1035.
Jaroměř (Jermer) is a town in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic.
Johannes von Tepl (c. 1350 – c. 1415), also known as Johannes von Saaz (Jan ze Žatce), was a Bohemian writer of the German language, one of the earliest known writers of prose in Early New High German (or late Middle German—depending on the criteria).
John Henry of Luxembourg (Jan Jindřich, Johann Heinrich; 12 February 1322 – 12 November 1375), a member of the House of Luxembourg, was Count of Tyrol from 1335 to 1341 and Margrave of Moravia from 1349 until his death.
John I of Opava (also known as John of Fulnek, Hanuš z Fulneka, Hanuš Hlubčický, Johann I. von Troppau-Leobschütz; – 1454) was a member of the Opava branch of the Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty.
John I of Opava-Ratibor (Jan I. Ratibořský; Johann I. von Troppau-Ratibor; –) was the founder the Opava branch of the Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty, which lasted until 1521.
John II, Duke of Troppau (also known as John "the Pious" of Leobschütz, John of Głubczyce, Jan III Opavský or Jan Pobožný; –) was a Duke of Silesia from the Opava branch of the Přemyslid dynasty.
John II, Duke of Opava-Ratibor (also known as John II of Troppau or John the Iron; Jan II. or Hanuš Ferreus; after 1365 – 1424) was Duke of Opava-Racibórz (Ratibor), Krnov and Bruntál.
John IV, Duke of Krnov (also known as John IV of Opava-Racibórz or John the Elder; Jan IV.; Johann IV. or Johann III.; – 1483 in Wodzisław Śląski) was a member of the Opavian branch of the Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty.
John the Blind (Jang de Blannen; Johann der Blinde von Luxemburg; Jan Lucemburský; 10 August 1296 – 26 August 1346) was the Count of Luxembourg from 1309 and King of Bohemia from 1310 and titular King of Poland.
Portrait of John Parricida by Anton Boys in the Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna John Parricida (Johann Parricida) or John the Parricide (see: Parricide), also called John of Swabia (Johann von Schwaben), (ca. 1290 – 13 December 1312/13) was the son of the Habsburg duke Rudolf II of Austria.
Judith of Bohemia (c. 1056/58 – 25 December 1086), also known as Judith Přemyslid, was a Bohemian princess of the Přemyslid dynasty, and Duchess of Poland by marriage.
Judith (13 March 1271 – 21 May 1297), also named Guta (Guta Habsburská), a member of the House of Habsburg, was the youngest daughter of King Rudolf I of Germany and his wife Gertrude of Hohenburg.
Judith of Schweinfurt (Jitka ze Schweinfurtu; before 1003 – 2 August 1058) was Duchess consort of Bohemia from 1034 until 1055, by her marriage with the Přemyslid duke Bretislav I.Herwig Wolfram, Conrad II, 990-1039: Emperor of Three Kingdoms, transl.
Judith of Thuringia (Judita Durynská; – 9 September after 1174), a member of the Ludovingian dynasty, was Queen consort of Bohemia from 1158 until 1172 as the second wife of King Vladislaus II.
Kędzierzyn-Koźle (Kandrzin-Cosel, 1934-45: Heydebreck O.S. and Cosel; Kandrzin-Koźle) is a town in southwestern Poland, the administrative centre of Kędzierzyn-Koźle County in Opole Voivodeship.
Kłodzko Land (Kladsko; Glatzer Land; Ziemia kłodzka) is a historical region in southwestern Poland.
Křesomysl was the fifth of the seven Bohemian mythical princes between the (also mythical) founder of the Přemyslid dynasty Přemysl the Ploughman and the first historical prince Bořivoj.
King and Charcoal Burner, Op. 14, is a three-act (23-scene) comic opera by the Czech composer Antonín Dvořák.
The Kingdom of Bohemia, sometimes in English literature referred to as the Czech Kingdom (České království; Königreich Böhmen; Regnum Bohemiae, sometimes Regnum Czechorum), was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Central Europe, the predecessor of the modern Czech Republic.
The Kingdom of Poland (Polish: Królestwo Polskie; Latin: Regnum Poloniae) was the Polish state from the coronation of the first King Bolesław I the Brave in 1025 to the union with Lithuania and the rule of the Jagiellon dynasty in 1385.
This family tree of the kings of Bohemia includes only monarchs of the Kingdom of Bohemia and their descendants who are relevant to the succession lineage.
The House of Kinsky (formerly Vchynští, sg. Vchynský in Czech; later (in modern Czech) Kinští, sg. Kinský; Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau) is a prominent Czech noble family originating from the Kingdom of Bohemia.
The Kladno District (Okres Kladno in Czech) is a district (okres) within the Central Bohemian Region (Středočeský kraj) of the Czech Republic.
Konrad I of Masovia (Konrad I Mazowiecki) (ca. 1187/88 – 31 August 1247), from the Polish Piast dynasty, was the sixth Duke of Masovia and Kujawy from 1194 until his death as well as High Duke of Poland from 1229 to 1232 and again from 1241 to 1243.
Konrad I of Głogów (Konrad I głogowski; – 6 August 1273/74), a member of the Silesian Piasts, was Silesian duke of Głogów from 1251 until his death.
Kunigunda Rostislavna (1245 – 9 September 1285; Czech: Kunhuta Uherská or Kunhuta Haličská) was Queen consort of Bohemia and its Regent from 1278 until her death.
Kunigunde of Bohemia (January 1265 – 27 November 1321) was the eldest daughter of Ottokar II of Bohemia and his second wife, Kunigunda of Slavonia.
Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen or Kunigunde of Swabia (Kunigunde von Staufen or Kunigunde von Schwaben, Kunhuta Štaufská or Kunhuta Švábská) (February/March 1202 – 13 September 1248) was the third daughter of Philip, Duke of Swabia and his wife, Irene Angelina.
Władysław of Salzburg, also known as Władysław of Wrocław (Władysław Wrocławski) or Władysław of Silesia (Wladislaw von Schlesien, Vladislav Slezský; – 27 April 1270), a member of the Silesian Piasts, was co-ruler in the Duchy of Wroclaw since 1248.
Landštejn Castle is a 13th-century castle in the Jindřichův Hradec District of South Bohemia, Czech Republic, in the municipality of Staré Město pod Landštejnem.
The Lands of the Bohemian Crown, sometimes called Czech lands in modern times, were a number of incorporated states in Central Europe during the medieval and early modern periods connected by feudal relations under the Bohemian kings.
Lech (died 805) was a Bohemian tribal ruler, one of the earliest named rulers in early Slavic Bohemia.
The Lendians (Lędzianie) were a West Slavic tribe who lived in the area of East Lesser Poland and Cherven Towns between the 7th and 11th centuries.
Leopold II (1050 – 12 October 1095), known as Leopold the Fair (Luitpold der Schöne), a member of the House of Babenberg,Lingelbach 1913, p. 90.
Leopold V (1157 – 31 December 1194), known as the Virtuous (der Tugendhafte), a member of the House of Babenberg, was Duke of Austria from 1177 and Duke of Styria from 1192 until his death.
Levý Hradec is an early medieval Bohemian gord situated 3 km northwest of Prague borders near Roztoky, in the Czech Republic.
Libice nad Cidlinou is a village in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.
, Libussa, Libushe or, historically Lubossa, is a legendary ancestor of the Přemyslid dynasty and the Czech people as a whole.
The House of Lichnowsky or House of Lichnovský is a Czech aristocratic family of Silesian and Moravian origin, documented since the 14th century.
This is a list of the Austrian empresses, archduchesses, duchesses and margravines, wives of the rulers of Austria.
There have been three kinds of Bavarian consorts in history, Duchesses, Electresses and Queens.
This is a list of the royal consorts of the rulers of Bohemia.
This is a list of Bohemian monarchs now also referred to as list of Czech monarchs who ruled as Dukes and Kings of Bohemia.
Baden was a state of the Holy Roman Empire and later one of the German states along the frontier with France primarily consisting of territory along the right bank of the Rhine opposite Alsace and the Palatinate.
The Duchesses of Schleswig-Holstein were the consorts of the rulers of Schleswig-Holstein and the separate states of Schleswig and Holstein, before that, the two duchies of Schleswig and Holstein.
This list covers English language country names with their etymologies.
This list of Danish consorts includes each queen consort (wife of a reigning king) and each prince consort (husband of a reigning queen).
This is a list of the queens consorts of Hungary, the consorts of the kings of Hungary.
This article lists the margraves of Meissen, a march and territorial state on the eastern border of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Margraviate of Meissen was a territorial state on the border of the Holy Roman Empire.
This is a list of minor planets named after people, both real and fictional.
The following list of national founding figures is a record, by country, of people who were credited with establishing their nation.
The Polish royal consorts were the spouses of the reigning monarchs of the Kingdom of Poland.
Poland was ruled at various times either by dukes (the 10th–14th century) or by kings (the 11th-18th century).
The Russian consorts were the spouses of the Russian rulers.
Litoměřice (Leitmeritz) is a town at the junction of the rivers Elbe (Labe) and Ohře (Eger) in the north part of the Czech Republic, approximately northwest of Prague.
Loket Castle (Hrad Loket, Burg Elbogen) is a 12th-century Gothic style castle about from Karlovy Vary on a massive rock in the town of Loket, Karlovarský kraj, Czech Republic.
The Lordship of Hummel (Homole) is a historic landscape zone in the western part of the former County of Kladsko (Grafschaft Glatz, Schlesien), then part of Bohemia, now in Silesia, Poland.
Louis I the Fair, also known as the Wise or the Right (Ludwik I Sprawiedliwy, Roztropny, or Prawy) or Louis I of Brzeg (Ludwik I brzeski; – 6/23 December 1398), a member of the Silesian Piasts, was a Silesian duke of Legnica from 1342 to 1346 (jointly with his elder brother Wenceslaus I until 1345) and of Brzeg from 1358 until his death.
Lower Silesia (Dolny Śląsk; Dolní Slezsko; Silesia Inferior; Niederschlesien; Silesian German: Niederschläsing; Dolny Ślůnsk) is the northwestern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia; Upper Silesia is to the southeast.
Lubań (Lauban) is a town in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship in southwest Poland.
Ludmila (d. October 20 after 1210) was the wife of Mieszko I Tanglefoot.
Saint Ludmila (c. 860 – 15 September 921) is a Czech saint and martyr venerated by the Orthodox and the Roman Catholics.
Ludmilla of Bohemia (died 14 August 1240) was a daughter of Frederick, Duke of Bohemia, and his wife, Elizabeth of Hungary.
Luitpold of Znojmo (Lutoldus Znoyemsis; died 15 MarchThe day of deth: Z ČECHORODU, PEŠINA; Mars Moravicus III.3, P. 286. and NOVOTNÝ, V.; České dějiny I.2, p. 513-515 (+ footnote 15) 1112), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, ruled as Moravian duke of Znojmo for twenty years - from 1092 until his death.
The Luitpoldings were a medieval dynasty which ruled the German stem duchy of Bavaria from some time in the late ninth century off and on until 985.
The Zbraslav Madonna (c. 1360) comes from the parish church of St James the Greater in Zbraslav.
The March (or Margraviate) of Carniola (Kranjska krajina; Mark Krain) was a southeastern state of the Holy Roman Empire in the High Middle Ages, the predecessor of the Duchy of Carniola.
Margaret of Austria (Margarethe von Österreich; – 29 October 1266), a member of the House of Babenberg, was German queen from 1225 until 1235, by her first marriage with King Henry (VII), and Queen of Bohemia from 1253 to 1260, by her second marriage with King Ottokar II.
Margaret of Bohemia (Markéta Přemyslovna, Małgorzata Przemyślidka; 21 February 1296 – 8 April 1322) was a daughter of Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and his first wife, Judith of Habsburg.
Margaret of Opava (Czech: Markéta Opavská, Silesian: Margaret s Uopawje, German: Margaret von Troppau, Polish: Małgorzata opawska; 1330–1363) was the youngest daughter of Nicholas II of Opava, (grandson of Přemysl II, Otakar, King of Bohemia) and his third wife Anna of Racibórz.
Margaret, nicknamed Margarete Maultasch (1318 – 3 October 1369), was the last Countess of Tyrol from the House of Gorizia (Meinhardiner).
The Margravate of Meissen (Markgrafschaft Meißen) was a medieval principality in the area of the modern German state of Saxony.
The Margraviate of Austria was a southeastern frontier march of the Holy Roman Empire created in 976 out of the territory on the border with the Principality of Hungary.
The Margraviate of Moravia (Markrabství moravské; Markgrafschaft Mähren) or March of Moravia was a marcher state existing from 1182 to 1918 and one of the lands of the Bohemian Crown.
Maria of Bohemia (– after 1172), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Margravine of Austria and Duchess of Bavaria by her first marriage to Duke Leopold I, as well as Margravine of Baden and Verona by her second marriage to Margrave Herman III.
Mariánské Lázně (Marienbad) is a spa town in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic.
Mestwin II (Mściwój II or Mszczuj II) (1220 – December 25, 1294) was a Duke of Pomerelia, member of the Samborides dynasty.
Mieszko I (– 25 May 992) was the ruler of the Polans from about 960 until his death.
Mieszko IV Tanglefoot (Mieszko IV Plątonogi) (ca. 1130 – 16 May 1211) was Duke of Kraków and High Duke of Poland from 1202 and from 9 June 1210 until his death.
Mieszko I of Cieszyn (Mieszko cieszyński, Měšek I. Těšínský, Mesko I (Teschen); also known as Mieszko I of Opole; 1252/56 – by 27 June 1315), was a Duke of Racibórz during 1282–1290 (with his brother as co-ruler) and the first Duke of Cieszyn since 1290 until his death.
Mieszko of Lubusz (Mieszko lubuski; – 1242), a member of the Silesian Piasts, was Duke of Lubusz from 1241 until his death.
Mikulov (Nikolsburg; ניקאלשבורג, Nikolshburg) is a town in the Moravia, South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic.
Mnata was the second of the seven Bohemian mythical princes between the (also mythical) founder of the Přemyslid dynasty Přemysl, the Ploughman and the first historical prince Bořivoj.
Moravia (Morava;; Morawy; Moravia) is a historical country in the Czech Republic (forming its eastern part) and one of the historical Czech lands, together with Bohemia and Czech Silesia.
Moravian traditional music or Moravian folk music represents a part of the European musical culture connected with the Moravian region of the Czech Republic.
Most (Brüx; Pons) is the capital city of the Most District, situated between the Central Bohemian Uplands and the Ore Mountains, approximately northwest of Prague along the Bílina River and southwest of Ústí nad Labem.
The national symbols of the Czech Republic are flags, heraldry, cultural expressions and other symbols that represent the Czech Republic, Czech people and their history, culture and nationhood.
Neklan was the sixth of the seven Bohemian mythical princes between the (also mythical) founder of the Přemyslid dynasty Přemysl the Ploughman and the first historical prince Bořivoj.
Nezamysl was the first of the seven Bohemian mythical princes between the (also mythical) founder of the Přemyslid dynasty Přemysl the Ploughman and the first historical prince Bořivoj.
Nicholas I (Mikuláš I. Opavský) (c. 1255 – 25 July 1318) was the natural son of Bohemian king Ottokar II Přemysl and his mistress Agnes of Kuenring.
Nicholas II of Opava (also: Nicholas II of Troppau, Nicholas II of Ratibór; Mikuláš II.; 1288 – 8 December 1365) was Duke of Opava (Troppau) from 1318 to 1365 and Duke of Ratibór from 1337 to 1365 and Burgrave of Kladsko (Glatz) from 1350 to 1365 and also chamberlain of the Kingdom of Bohemia.
Nicholas III of Opava (Nikolaus III.; Mikuláš III. Opavský.; – 9 July 1394) was Duke of Opava from 1367 to 1377 and Duke of Głubczyce from 1377 until his death.
Duke Nicholas IV of Opava (Mikuláš IV.; Nikolaus IV.; – 1437) was Duke of Opava and Lord of Zlaté Hory from 1433 until his death.
Nicholas IV of Bruntál (also known as Nicholas IV of Ratibor and Bruntál, also Nicholas I of Opava-Ratibor; Mikuláš IV.; Nikolaus IV. von Freudenthal.; –) was a member of the Opava branch of the Přemyslid dynasty.
Nicholas V, Duke of Krnov (also known as Nicholas II of Opava-Ratibor; Mikuláš V. Krnovský; –1452) was a member of the Přemyslid dynasty.
Nitra (also known by other alternative names) is a city in western Slovakia, situated at the foot of Zobor Mountain in the valley of the river Nitra.
Udalrich of Olomouc (also known as Ulrich, Oldřich; Oldericus; 1134 – 18 October 1177) was Duke in Hradec Králové (eastern Bohemia) from 1152 till 1153 and between 1173–1177 ruled the appanage of Olomouc (as Duke of Olomouc), one of three ducal regions in Moravia, then part of the Duchy of Bohemia.
Oldřich (Odalricus, Udalrichus, Odalric, Udalrich; – 9 November 1034), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 1012 to 1033 and briefly again in 1034.
Olomouc (locally Holomóc or Olomóc; Olmütz; Latin: Olomucium or Iuliomontium; Ołomuniec; Alamóc) is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic.
Opolans (Opolanie; Opolané; Opolanen) were the West Slavic tribe that lived in the region of upper Odra.
Otto I (1045 – 9 June 1087), known as Otto the Fair (Ota Sličný), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Prince of Olomouc in Moravia from 1061 until his death.
Otto II the Black (Ota II.; – 18 February 1126), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, ruled as a Moravian prince in Olomouc from 1107 and in Brno from 1123 until his death.
Otto, the Merry (der Fröhliche; 23 July 1301 – 17 February 1339), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria from 1330, as well as Duke of Carinthia from 1335 until his death.
Ottokar I (Přemysl I. Otakar; c. 1155 – 1230) was Duke of Bohemia periodically beginning in 1192, then acquired the title King of Bohemia, first in 1198 from Philip of Swabia, later in 1203 from Otto IV of Brunswick and in 1212 from Frederick.
Ottokar II (Přemysl Otakar II; c. 1233 – 26 August 1278), the Iron and Golden King, was a member of the Přemyslid dynasty who reigned as King of Bohemia from 1253 until 1278.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Prague: Prague – capital and largest city in the Czech Republic.
Příbor (Freiberg in Mähren) is a town in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic.
Přemek I, Duke of Opava' (or Przemko I) (Přemysl I. Opavský; Přemysl I. von Troppau.; born:; died: 28 September 1433) was a member of the Opava branch of the Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty.
is a Czech masculine given name.
Přemysl the Ploughman (Přemysl Oráč; English: Premysl, Przemysl or Primislaus) was the legendary husband of Libuše, and ancestor of the Přemyslid dynasty, containing the line of princes (dukes) and kings which ruled in the Lands of the Bohemian Crown from 873 or earlier until the murder of Wenceslaus III in 1306.
The Peace of Bautzen or the Peace of Budziszyn was a treaty concluded on January 30, 1018, between the Ottonian Holy Roman Emperor Henry II and the Piast duke of the Polans Bolesław I Chrobry which ended a series of Polish-German wars over the control of Lusatia and Upper Lusatia (Milzenerland or Milsko, the eastern part of the margraviate of Meissen (Miśnia)) as well as Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
Pernštejn Castle (hrad Pernštejn, from Bernstein, originally from Bärenstein) is a castle on a rock above the village of Nedvědice and the rivers Svratka and Nedvědička, some northwest of Brno, in the South Moravian Region, Czech Republic.
Philip of Spanheim (also: Philip of Sponheim; died 22 July 1279) was elected Archbishop of Salzburg (1247–1257) and Patriarch of Aquileia (1269–1271).
Philip of Swabia (February/March 1177 – 21 June 1208) was a prince of the House of Hohenstaufen and King of Germany from 1198 to 1208.
The Piast dynasty was the first historical ruling dynasty of Poland.
Pokřikov is a village in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic.
The most important phenomenon that took place within the lands of Poland in the Early Middle Ages, as well as other parts of Central Europe was the arrival and permanent settlement of the West Slavs.
Polish–Teutonic War (1326–1332) was the war between the Kingdom of Poland and the State of the Teutonic Order over Pomerelia, fought from 1326 to 1332.
Pomerelia (Pomerelia; Pomerellen, Pommerellen), also referred to as Eastern Pomerania (Pomorze Wschodnie) or as Gdańsk Pomerania (Pomorze Gdańskie), is a historical region in northern Poland.
Postoloprty (Postelberg) is a town in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
The District of Prague-East (Okres Praha-východ in Czech) is a district (okres) in the Central Bohemian Region (Středočeský kraj), Czech Republic.
Predslava of Kiev (1104–07) was a Rurikid princess, the daughter of Sviatopolk II, the Grand Prince of Kiev (r. 1093–1113).
Przemko II of Opava (Primislaus of Troppau, Přemysl II., Przemek II Opawski; (– 16 June 1478) was a member of the Opava branch of the Přemyslid dynasty. He was Duke of Opava from 1433 until his death. From 1466, he was also a member of the cathedral chapter of Wrocław. In older literature, he is sometimes confused with his nephew Przemko III.
Przemko III, Duke of Opava (also known as Přemek III or Primislaus III; Přemysl III.; Přemysl III.; – 17 February 1493) was a member of the Opavian branch of the Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty.
Przemysł I (5 June 1220/4 June 1221 – 4 June 1257), a member of the Piast dynasty, was Duke of Greater Poland from 1239 until his death, from 1241 with his brother Bolesław the Pious as co-ruler.
Przemysł II (also given in English and Latin as Premyslas or Premislaus or less properly Przemysław; 14 October 1257 – 8 February 1296), was the Duke of Poznań from 1257–1279, of Greater Poland from 1279–1296, of Kraków from 1290–1291, and Gdańsk Pomerania (Pomerelia) from 1294–1296, and then King of Poland from 1295 until his death.
Pszczyna (English: Pless, Pleß) is a town in southern Poland with 25,415 inhabitants (2010) within the immediate gmina.
Racibórz (Ratibor, Ratiboř, Raćibůrz) is a town in Silesian Voivodeship in southern Poland.
The Rebellion of mayor Albert (bunt wójta Alberta) was an uprising by the burghers of the Polish city of Kraków against the duke Władysław I the Elbow-high in the years 1311–12.
Richeza of Berg (Richenza z Bergu; – 27 September 1125) was Duchess of Bohemia from 1111 to 1117 and again from 1120 until 1125, by her marriage with the Přemyslid duke Vladislav I. She was the daughter of the Swabian count Henry I of Berg (d. 1116) and his wife Adelheid of Mochental (d. 1127), a daughter of the Bavarian margrave Diepold II of Vohburg.
A royal family is the immediate family of a king or queen regnant, and sometimes his or her extended family.
Rudolf of Habsburg (– 3/4 July 1307), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria (as Rudolf III) from 1298 as well as King of Bohemia and titular King of Poland (as Rudolf I) from 1306 until his death.
Rudolf I, also known as Rudolf of Habsburg (Rudolf von Habsburg, Rudolf Habsburský; 1 May 1218 – 15 July 1291), was Count of Habsburg from about 1240 and the elected King of the Romans from 1273 until his death.
Rudolf II (– 10 May 1290), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria from 1282 to 1283, jointly with his elder brother Albert I, who succeeded him.
Rudoltice (Rudelsdorf) is a village in the Ústí nad Orlicí District, Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic.
Saint Wenceslas Cathedral (Czech language: Katedrála svatého Václava) is a gothic cathedral at Wenceslas square in Olomouc, in the Czech Republic, founded in 1107.
Salomea of Berg (Salome von Berg, Salomea z Bergu; – 27 July 1144) was a German noblewoman and, by marriage with Prince Bolesław III Wrymouth in 1115, High Duchess of Poland until her husband's death in 1138.
Sedlčany (Seltschan) is a town in Příbram District, in Central Bohemia, Czech Republic.
Seniorate Province, also known as the Senioral Province (Dzielnica senioralna), Duchy of Kraków (Księstwo krakowskie), Duchy of Cracow, Principality of Cracow, Principality of Kraków, was the superior among the five provinces established in 1138 according to the Testament of Bolesław III Krzywousty.
The Siege of Niemcza (Obrona Niemczy) took place during three weeks in August 1017, in the last phase of the German–Polish War (1002–18), when the forces of the Emperor Henry II besieged the town of Niemcza controlled by the Polish ruler Bolesław I the Brave.
Silesians (Ślężanie) were a tribe of West Slavs, specifically of the Lechitic/Polish group, inhabiting territories of Lower Silesia, near Ślęża mountain and Ślęza river, on the both banks of the Oder, up to the area of modern city of Wrocław.
Slavník (died 981) was a Bohemian nobleman, the founder of Slavník's dynasty.
The Slavniks/Slavníks or Slavnikids (Slavníkovci; Slawnikiden; Sławnikowice) was a dynasty in the Duchy of Bohemia during the 10th century.
Soběslav or Soběbor (c. 950 – 1004) was the brother of Saint Adalbert of Prague, son of Střezislava and Slavník and a friend of Polish king, Boleslaus the Brave.
Soběslav I (also "Sobeslaus"; c.1075 – 14 February 1140) was Duke of Bohemia from 1125 until his death.
Sokołowsko (Görbersdorf) is a village and traditional climatic health resort in Gmina Mieroszów, within Wałbrzych County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.
Sponheim or Spanheim was a medieval German noble family, which originated in Rhenish Franconia.
Spytihněv I (c. 875 – 915), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 894 or 895 until his death.
Spytihněv II (also Spitignew, Spitihnew or Spytihnev; Spitigneus; 1031 – 28 January 1061), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 1055 until his death.
Stříbro (Mies) is a town in the Pilsen Region of the Czech Republic.
Střezislava (died 987) was the wife of Slavník, a Bohemian nobleman and founder of Slavník dynasty.
Steyr is a statutory city, located in the Austrian federal state of Upper Austria.
Strachkvas (Kristián) (September 28, 929 or 935, Prague - 996, Prague) was a prince of Bohemia, son of Boleslav I and brother of Boleslav II, all members of the Přemyslid dynasty.
German Bohemians, later known as the Sudeten Germans, were ethnic Germans living in the lands of the Bohemian Crown, which later became an integral part of the state of Czechoslovakia.
The Sudetenland (Czech and Sudety; Kraj Sudecki) is the historical German name for the northern, southern, and western areas of former Czechoslovakia which were inhabited primarily by Sudeten Germans.
Svatopluk the Lion (Svatopluk Olomoucký; died 21 September 1109) was Duke of Bohemia from 1107 until his assassination in 1109.
Sviatopolk II Iziaslavich (1050 – April 16, 1113) was supreme ruler of the Kievan Rus for 20 years, from 1093 to 1113.
Poland (Polska) is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north.
The Treaty of Trentschin was concluded on 24 August 1335 between King Casimir III of Poland and King John of Bohemia as well as his son Margrave Charles IV.
Ulrich I, Duke of Brno (Udalricus Brunensis; died 5 January 1113) was the Duke of Moravia for twenty one years - between 1092 and 1113.
Ulrich III, Duke of Carinthia, also known as Ulrich III of Spanheim (– 27 October 1269) was ruling Lord in the March of Carniola from and Duke of Carinthia from 1256 until his death, the last ruler from the House of Sponheim.
Uničov (Mährisch-Neustadt, Hanakian Oničov) is a town in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic.
Upper Lusatia (Oberlausitz; Hornja Łužica; Górna Łužyca; Łużyce Górne or Milsko; Horní Lužice) is a historical region in Germany and Poland.
Upper Silesia (Górny Śląsk; Silesian Polish: Gůrny Ślůnsk; Horní Slezsko; Oberschlesien; Silesian German: Oberschläsing; Silesia Superior) is the southeastern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia, located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic.
Velišovští z Velišova is a Czech noble family.
Veveří Castle (Hrad Veveří; Burg Eichhorn) is an originally ducal and royal castle some northwest of Brno city centre, Moravia, Czech Republic, on the River Svratka.
Vladislaus I (Vladislav) (c. 1065 – 12 April 1125) was Duke of Bohemia from 1109 to 1117 and from 1120 until his death.
Vladislaus II of Moravia or Vladislaus of Bohemia (Vladislav II.; 1207 – 18 February 1227 or 1228) was the Margrave of Moravia from 1222 to his death.
Vladislaus II or Vladislaus I (king) (Vladislav II./I.,František Palacký: Dějiny národa českého v Čechách i v Moravě, book XVII c.1110 – 18 January 1174) was the second King of Bohemia from 1158.
Vladislaus III (1227–1247) was Margrave of Moravia and heir to the Bohemian Kingdom of the Přemyslid dynasty.
Vladislaus Henry (Vladislav Jindřich; – 12 August 1222), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was elected Duke of Bohemia (as "Vladislaus III") in 1197 and Margrave of Moravia from 1197 until his death.
Vladislav (Belarusian: Уладзіслаў (Uładzisłaŭ); Polish: Władysław, Włodzisław; Russian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian, Ukrainian: Владислав) is a male given name of Slavic origin.
Vladivoj (– January 1003) was Duke of Bohemia from 1002 until his death.
Vlastislav was mythological prince of Lucko (by Žatec).
Vnislav was the fourth of the seven Bohemian mythical princes between the (also mythical) founder of the Přemyslid dynasty Přemysl the Ploughman and the first historical prince Bořivoj.
Vojen was the third of the seven Bohemian mythical princes between the (also mythical) founder of the Přemyslid dynasty Přemysl the Ploughman and the first historical prince Bořivoj.
Vratislaus (or Wratislaus) I (Vratislav I.; – 13 February 921), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 915 until his death.
Vratislaus (or Wratislaus) II (Vratislav II.) (d. 14 January 1092), the son of Bretislaus I and Judith of Schweinfurt, was the first King of Bohemia as of 15 June 1085, his royal title granted as a lifetime honorific from Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV that did not establish a hereditary monarchy.
The Vršovci (Vrshovici) were a Czech noble family in the Duchy of Bohemia.
Vsevolod IV Svyatoslavich the Red (Вcеволод Святославич Чермный) (died August 1212) was a Rus' prince (a member of the Rurik dynasty).
Vyšehrad (Czech for "upper castle") is a historic fort located in the city of Prague, Czech Republic, just over 3 km southeast of Prague Castle, on the right bank of the Vltava River.
The House of Waldstein or House of Valdštejn is a German-Czech noble family that originates from Kingdom of Bohemia as a branch of the Markwartinger family (House of Markvartic) and gained prominence during the reign of the Přemyslid dynasty.
Władysław I the Elbow-high or the Short (Władysław I Łokietek; c. 1260 – 2 March 1333) was the King of Poland from 1306 to 1333, and duke of several of the provinces and principalities in the preceding years.
Władysław (also named Włodzisław) Odonic (nicknamed Plwacz) (Władysław (Włodzisław) Odonic (Plwacz)) (– 5 June 1239) was a Duke of Kalisz 1207–1217, Duke of Poznań 1216–1217, ruler of Ujście in 1223, ruler of Nakło from 1225, and Duke of all Greater Poland 1229–1234; from 1234 until his death he was ruler over only the north and east of the Warta river (some historians believed that shortly before his death, he lost Ujście and Nakło).
Wenceslaus I (Václav I. Přemyslovec; c. 1205 – 23 September 1253), called One-Eyed, was King of Bohemia from 1230 to 1253.
(Saint) Wenceslaus I (Václav; c. 907 – September 28, 935), Wenceslas I or Václav the Good was the duke (kníže) of Bohemia from 921 until his assassination in 935.
Wenceslaus I of Opava (Václav I. Opavský; Wenzel I. von Troppau; – 1381) was a member of the Opava branch of the Přemyslid dynasty.
Wenceslaus II Přemyslid (Václav II.; Wacław II Czeski; 27 SeptemberK. Charvátová, Václav II. Král český a polský, Prague 2007, p. 18. 1271 – 21 June 1305) was King of Bohemia (1278–1305), Duke of Cracow (1291–1305), and King of Poland (1300–1305).
Duke Wenceslaus II of Opava (also known as Wenceslaus of Głubczyce; Václav II.; – between 1445 and 1447) was a member of the Opavian branch of the Přemyslid dynasty.
Wenceslaus II, Duke of Opava-Ratibor (also known as Wenceslaus I of Ratibor and Krnov; Václav IV.; – 29 October 1456) was a member of the Opavian branch of the Přemyslid dynasty.
Wenceslaus III (Václav III., Vencel, Wacław, Václav; 6 October 12894 August 1306) was King of Hungary between 1301 and 1305, and King of Bohemia and Poland from 1305.
Wenceslaus III, Duke of Rybnik (also known as Wenceslaus II of Krnov and Rybnik; Václav V. z Rybnika a Pštíny; Wacław III Rybnicki; Wenzel II.; – 1479 in Kłodzko) was co-ruler of Krnov from 1452 to 1464 and the sole ruling Duke of Rybnik from 1464 to 1474.
The West Slavs are a subgroup of Slavic peoples who speak the West Slavic languages.
White Croats (Bijeli Hrvati, Biali Chorwaci, Bílí Chorvati, Білі хорвати tr. Bili Khorvaty) were a group of Slavic tribes who lived among other West and East Slavic tribes in the area of Bohemia, Lesser Poland, Galicia (north of Carpathian Mountains) and modern-day Western Ukraine.
Duke William of Opava (Vilém Opavský; – 15 August 1452) was a member of Opava branch of the Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty.
Saint Willigis (Willigisus; Willigis, Willegis; 940 – 23 February 1011 AD) was Archbishop of Mainz from 975 until his death as well as archchancellor of the Holy Roman Empire.
Witiko or Vitico of Prčice (Vítek z Prčice, Witiko von Purschitz; c. 11201194) was a Bohemian nobleman and liensman of the Přemyslid dynasty.
Wratislaus of Brno, Duke of Moravia, (Czech: Vratislav Brněnský, German: Wratislaus von Brünn, Latin: Wratislaus Brunensis, Russian: Вратислав (князь Брно); died 1146) was the Duke of Moravia for twenty years - between 1125-1129 and 1130 - 1146 (4+16 years - the second stage 1130-1146)). He was the first son and successor of Ulrich I, of Brno (+1092) and unknown princess (probably Slavic origin). He did not succeed as half monarch of Moravia (diarch), for all half of Moravia (the west one) as his father Ulrich I, but Brno was already divided into two parts: Brno and Znojmo and his father Ulrich was co-monarch in this part with his uncle Luitpold of Znojmo. Both brothers together later established a benedictine cloister and its St. Procopius Basilica in Třebíč and prepared as mausoleum for Brno-Znojmo branch House of Přemyslid. Wratislaus himself probably initiated the establishment of the Royal cathedral chapter of St. Peter and Paul in Brno, formally created later in 1292. He had long ruled over Moravia (as diarch in Brno) for 20 years, once interrupted by illegitimate regency: (1128-1130 by Soběslav I) By his marriage(1132) to a Russian princess, he probably had two (three ?) children.
The Cathedral of St.
Wyszesława Sviatoslavna of Kiev (b. ca. 1047? – d. aft. 1089), was a Kievan Rus' princess and member of the Rurikid dynasty and by marriage Duchess and later Queen of Poland.
Zavis of Falkenstein (Záviš z Falkenštejna; – 24 August 1290), a member of the Vítkovci dynasty, was a Bohemian noble and opponent of King Ottokar II.
The Cistercian Abbey of Zbraslav (Aula Regia, Zbraslavský klášter) located in Zbraslav near Prague (today part of Prague) was one of the most significant monasteries of the Cistercian Order in the Kingdom of Bohemia (present-day Czech Republic).
Zbyslava of Kiev (Сбыслава Святополковна, Zbysława kijowska; 1085/90 – c. 1114), was a Kievan Rus' princess member of the Rurikid dynasty and by marriage Duchess of Poland.
The Zliczans (Zličané, Zličany,; Zlitschanen) was a Slavic tribe in early medieval Bohemia, divided by a river from the tribe of the Bohemians.
Znojmo (Znaim) is a major town in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic, the administrative capital of the Znojmo District.
Znojmo Castle is a castle situated in the city of Znojmo, a historic city in Moravia, Czech Republic.
The Rotunda of St.
Zvíkov (Hrad Zvíkov, Klingenberg), often called "the king of Czech castles",Petr David, Vladimír Soukup, Lubomír Čech, Wonders of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia, pg.
15374 Teta, provisional designation, is bright, stony Hungaria asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, about 3.3 kilometers in diameter.
3102 Krok, provisional designation, is a rare-type asteroid and slow rotator, classified as a near-Earth object of the Amor group, that measures approximately 1.5 kilometers in diameter.
Year 721 (DCCXXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 867 (DCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
House of Premysl, House of Przemysl, House of Přemysl, House of Přemyslid, Premysl dynasty, Premyslid, Premyslid Dynasty, Premyslid dynasty, Premysliden, Premyslids, Premyslovci, Przemyslid, Przemyslid dynasty, Przemyslids, Przemyślidzi, Přemysl dynasty, Přemyslid, Přemyslid Dynasty, Přemyslids, Přemyslovci.