New York

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New York
CountryUnited States
Admitted to the UnionJuly 26, 1788 (11th)
Largest cityNew York
Largest metroGreater New York
 • GovernorAndrew Cuomo (D)
 • Lieutenant GovernorKathy Hochul (D)
LegislatureNew York Legislature
 • Upper houseState Senate
 • Lower houseState Assembly
U.S. senators
U.S. House delegation
  • 21 Democrats
  • 6 Republicans
 • Total19,542,209 (2,018 est.)[1]
 • Density416.42/sq mi (159/km2)
 • Median household income
$58,005 (2,016)[2]
 • Income rank
 • Official languageNone
 • Spoken language
Trad. abbreviationN.Y.
Latitude40° 30′ N to 45° 1′ N
Longitude71° 51′ W to 79° 46′ W
New York state symbols
Flag of New York.svg
Seal of New York.svg
Living insignia
BirdEastern bluebird
FishBrook trout (fresh water), Striped bass (salt water)
InsectNine-spotted ladybug
ReptileCommon snapping turtle
TreeSugar maple
Inanimate insignia
  • Fruit: Apple
  • Muffin: Apple
FossilEurypterus remipes
ShellBay scallop
OtherBush: Lilac bush
State route marker
New York state route marker
State quarter
New York quarter dollar coin
Released in 2001
Lists of United States state symbols

New York is one of the 50 states of the United States and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies, which were the first thirteen states to make up the US. New York is in the northeastern United States, bordered by Lake Ontario and Canada on the north, Lake Erie and Canada on the west, Pennsylvania on the west and south, Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut on the east, and New Jersey on the south in the eastern parts of the state.

New York was originally New Netherland, started by the Dutch Empire in the early 17th century. Late in the century, it surrendered to an English fleet during the Anglo-Dutch Wars and became part of the British Empire. About half the Dutch colony was given to neighboring English colonies. The Battle of Long Island, Battle of Saratoga, and other important battles of the American Revolution were fought in New York and it joined the new United States.

The United States Census Bureau says that, as of 2005, New York had the fourth most people (population) in the United States, after California, Texas, and Florida. New York's estimated population is 19,297,729.[4]

Many famous people were born in New York, including politicians, scientists, soldiers, artists, writers, entertainers, and others.

Midtown Manhattan Skyline at Twilight Hour
Midtown Manhattan Skyline at Twilight Hour

Cities[change | change source]

The biggest city in New York is also called New York, located in the south-eastern part of the state and built on the Hudson River; it is by far the biggest city in the U.S.. Part of New York City is on Long Island, a large island in the Atlantic Ocean, and another part of it is on Staten Island, which is to the southwest of Manhattan, the central business district. Most people living in New York state live in the New York metropolitan area, one of the world's biggest metropolitan areas, which also includes part of eastern New Jersey.

The larger part of New York, north and northwest of the metropolitan area, is called "Upstate New York". Cities in this part of New York include Buffalo, the state's second largest city, Rochester, Syracuse, and the state capital of Albany. These places became cities because of the Erie Canal. Between 1788 and 1797, the Legislature moved the state capital around between Albany, Kingston, Poughkeepsie, and New York City. Albany became the permanent capital from 1797.[5]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "New York; UNITED STATES". QuickFacts. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  2. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  3. "Language spoken at home by ability to speak English for the population 5 years and over – 2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  4. .United States Census
  5. Stevens, John Austin (1886). The Magazine of American History with Notes and Queries. Historical Publication Co. p. 24.