Kano State

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Kano State

Jihar Kano (Hausa)
Kano State collage.png
Flag of Kano State
Flag
Seal of the Governor of Kano State
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Centre of Commerce, Tumbin Giwa
Location of Kano State in Nigeria
Location of Kano State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 11°30′N 8°30′E / 11.500°N 8.500°E / 11.500; 8.500Coordinates: 11°30′N 8°30′E / 11.500°N 8.500°E / 11.500; 8.500
Country Nigeria
Date createdMay 27, 1967
CapitalKano
Government
 • Governor[1]Abdullahi Umar Ganduje
 • Deputy GovernorNasiru Yusuf Gawuna
 • Senators
 • RepresentativesList
Area
 • Total20,131 km2 (7,773 sq mi)
Area rank20th of 36
Population
 (2006 census)[3]
 • Total9,401,288
 • Estimate 
(2011)
11,058,300[2]
 • Rank1st of 36
 • Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)
 • Year2007
 • Total$12.39 billion[4]
 • Per capita$1,288[4]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
700001
ISO 3166 codeNG-KN
HDI (2018)0.483[5]
low · 27th of 37
Website[2]
^1 Preliminary results

Kano State (Hausa: Jihar Kano) is one of the 36 states of Nigeria, located in the northern region of the country.[6] As of the most recent national census (2006), Kano State is the most populous in Nigeria. The recent official estimates taken in 2016 by the National Bureau of Statistics found that Kano State was still the largest state by population in Nigeria.[7][8] Created in 1967 from the former Northern Region, Kano State borders Katsina State to the northwest, Jigawa State to the northeast, Bauchi State to the southeast, and Kaduna State to the southwest.[6] The state's capital and largest city is the city of Kano, the second most populous city in Nigeria after Lagos.[6]

Modern day Kano State was the site of numerous kingdoms and empires, including the Kingdom of Kano, which was centered in Dalla Hill and existed from prior to 1000 AD to 1349.[9] In 1349, the Sultanate of Kano would be established with Yaji I as its first Sultan.[10] In the 15th century, Kurmi Market was opened, which helped Kano become a center of commercial activity in Hausaland;[11] the market remains open in the 21st century and its historic importance is reflected in the state's nickname, the Centre of Commerce.[12] During the 16th and 17th centuries, the Sultanate of Kano would establish itself as the most powerful of the Hausa Kingdoms.[13] In 1903, the British Empire would conquer the Kano Emirate, incorporating the region into the Northern Nigeria Protectorate.[14]

Since independence, Kano State has developed a diverse economy, establishing itself as a center for industry,[15] agriculture,[16] and Islamic banking.[17] The Hausa and Fulani make up a majority of Kano State's population.[18] The Hausa language is the dominant language in the state, as it is in most of Northern Nigeria.[19][20] Challenges faced by Kano State in the 21st century include attacks by Islamist terrorist group Boko Haram,[21][22][23] inter-religious violence,[24][25] and extreme poverty.[26] A Muslim-majority state, Kano State is one of the twelve states in Nigeria to operate under Sharia law within the legal framework of the Nigerian Constitution.[27]

Photo of Kano in December 1930
Kofar Nassarawa Flyover Bridge

History[edit]

An important early center of commerce in the region was Kurmi Market, founded by the Emir of Kano Muhammadu Rumfa in 1463 CE.[16] Subsequent leaders made contributions to the emergence of Kano as a leading commercial centre in Sudanic Africa.[citation needed] During the time of the Kano Emirate, Emir Ibrahim Dabo made a number of administrative reforms, seeking to increase commerce in the region.[28]

Leaders during this time encouraged traders to move from Katsina, capitalising on raids from the Hausa Sultanate of Maradi.[citation needed] The Jihad leaders of the Caliphate encouraged Kola nut trade and Kano was the greatest beneficiary with an annual turnover of about $30 million.[citation needed] Craft industries also evolved in the pre-colonial period contributing to the prosperity of the province.[citation needed]

After a British occupation of the region, culminating in the Battle of Kano in February 1903, the region became a part of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate.[29] Kano later became a part of the Northern Region of Nigeria.[6] Kano state was created on May 27, 1967.[6] In 1991, part of Kano State was separated to form Jigawa State.

Economy[edit]

Many large markets exist within Kano today, such as Kurmi Market, Kwari Market, Sabon Gari Market and Dawanau Market.[16] Many of these markets specialize in a certain product, such as textiles or grain.[16]

Agriculture[edit]

Subsistence and commercial agriculture is mostly practised in the outlying districts of the state. Some of the food crops cultivated are millet, cowpeas, sorghum, maize and rice for local consumption while groundnuts and cotton are produced for export and industrial purposes. During the colonial period and several years after the country's independence, the groundnuts produced in the state constituted one of the major sources revenue of the country. Kano State is a major producer of hides and skins, sesame, soybean, cotton, garlic, gum arabic and chili pepper.

Industry[edit]

Kano State is the second-largest industrial Centre after Lagos State in Nigeria and the largest in Northern Nigeria with textile, tanning, footwear, cosmetics, plastics, enamelware, pharmaceuticals, ceramics, furniture and other industries.[15] Others include agricultural implements, soft drinks, food and beverages, dairy products, vegetable oil, animal feeds etc.[30] Kano is also the center of a growing Islamic banking industry in Nigeria.[17][31][32][33][34][35]

Tourism[edit]

The tourist attractions in the state include:

  • Kurmi Market established in the 15th century
  • Kano's centuries-old city wall
  • Gidan Rumfa (Emir's Palace, the oldest continuous site of authority in Nigeria)
  • Kano Zoo
  • Dala and Gwauron Dutse
  • Gidan makama (Kano Museum)

Education[edit]

[36]

High School[edit]

Universities[edit]

Kano State is home to five universities: one federal university, one regimented federal university, two states universities, and one private university.

Polytechnics and Colleges[edit]

The following is a list of the approved Polytechnics and Colleges in the state of Kano:

Research Centres[edit]

The following is a list of research centres and institutes in the state of Kano:

Local Government Areas[edit]

Kano State consists of forty-four (44) Local Government Areas (LGAs). They are:

LGA Name Area (km2) Census 2006
population
Administrative capital Postal
Code
Fagge 21 200,095 Waje 700
Dala 19 418,759 Gwanmaja 700
Gwale 18 357,827 Gwale 700
Kano Municipal 17 371,243 Kofar Kudu 700
Tarauni 28 221,844 Unguwa Uku 700
Nassarawa 34 596,411 Bompai 700
Kumbotso 158 294,391 Kumbotso 700
Ungogo 204 365,737 Ungogo 700
Kano Metropolitan Area 499 2,828,861 700
Dawakin Tofa 479 246,197 Dawakin Tofa 701
Tofa 202 98,603 Tofa 701
Rimin Gado 225 103,371 Rimin Gado 701
Bagwai 405 161,533 Bagwai 701
Gezawa 340 282,328 Gezawa 702
Gabasawa 605 211,204 Zakirai 702
Minjibir 416 219,611 Minjibir 702
Dambatta 732 210,474 Dambatta 702
Makoda 441 220,094 Makoda 702
Kunchi 671 110,170 Kunchi 703
Bichi 612 278,309 Bichi 703
Tsanyawa 492 157,730 Tsanyawa 703
Shanono 697 139,128 Shanono 704
Gwarzo 393 183,624 Gwarzo 704
Karaye 479 144,045 Karaye 704
Rogo 802 227,607 Rogo 704
Kabo 341 153,158 Kabo 704
Northern Kano State 8,332 3,143,899 701 to 704
Bunkure 487 174,467 Bunkure 710
Kibiya 404 138,618 Kibiya 710
Rano 520 148,276 Rano 710
Tudun Wada 1,204 228,658 Tudun Wada 710
Doguwa 1,473 150,645 Riruwai 710
Madobi 273 137,685 Madobi 711
Kura 206 143,094 Kura 711
Garun Mallam 214 118,622 Garun Mallam 711
Bebeji 717 191,916 Bebeji 711
Kiru 927 267,168 Kiru 711
Sumaila 1,250 250,379 Sumaila 712
Garko 450 161,966 Garko 712
Takai 598 202,639 Takai 712
Albasu 398 187,639 Albasu 712
Gaya 613 207,419 Gaya 713
Ajingi 714 172,610 Ajingi 713
Wudil 362 188,639 Wudil 713
Warawa 360 131,858 Warawa 713
Dawakin Kudu 384 225,497 Dawakin Kudu 713
Southern Kano State 11,554 3,410,922 710 to 713

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

According to the 2006 PON census figures from Nigeria Kano State had a population totalling 9,401,288. Officially, Kano State is the most populous state in the country.[42] The state is mostly populated by the Hausa and Fulani people.[18]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1991 5,810,470—    
2006 9,401,288+61.8%
2016 13,076,900+39.1%
source:[43]

Languages[edit]

The official language of Kano State is Hausa and Fulfulde language.[44][verification needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See List of Governors of Kano State for a list of prior governors
  2. ^ "Nigeria:Federal States & Major Cities- Statistics & Maps on City Population". CITYPOPULATION. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  3. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Archived from the original on October 10, 2017. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved August 20, 2008.
  5. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e "About Kano". Kano State. December 30, 2017. Archived from the original on May 19, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  7. ^ "2006 Census" (PDF). web.archive.org. May 19, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  8. ^ "Nigeria Statistics".
  9. ^ "Kano State Government". web.archive.org. May 1, 2010. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  10. ^ "Hausa" (PDF).
  11. ^ "Kurmi Market", Wikipedia, January 4, 2021, retrieved March 14, 2021
  12. ^ Ujorha, Tadaferua (May 9, 2003). "Kano's 500-year-old market". Daily Trust. Biafra Nigeria World. Retrieved November 1, 2007.
  13. ^ "Embassy of the Federal Republic of Nigeria - History". www.nigeriaembassyusa.org. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  14. ^ "The Fall of Kano | History Today".
  15. ^ a b https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Kano-Metropolis-Kano-metropolis-is-the-second-largest-industrial-and-commercial-centre-in_fig6_308576260#:~:text=Murtala%20Uba%20Mohammed-,Kano%20Metropolis%20Kano%20metropolis%20is%20the%20second%20largest%20industrial%20and,1.6million%20(Maiwada%202000).
  16. ^ a b c d "Kano Markets". Kano State. June 6, 2018. Archived from the original on May 19, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  17. ^ a b "Islamic Finance Nigeria". SukFin. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
  18. ^ a b "Nigeria Ethnic Groups|Map". onlinenigeria.com. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  19. ^ "Hausa Language Variation and Dialects". African Languages at UCLA. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  20. ^ Adoti, Olive (July 30, 2020). "10 Top languages spoken in Nigeria (plus the states)". Legit.ng - Nigeria news. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  21. ^ Nossiter, Adam (March 19, 2013). "Bombs Strike Bus Station in Nigeria (Published 2013)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  22. ^ Nigeria suicide bombers target Potiskum and Kano buses
  23. ^ "BBC News - Nigeria unrest: Kano mosque attack kills dozens". BBC News. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  24. ^ Obasanjo Assesses Riot Damage in Kano – 2001-10-16. Voice of America News.
  25. ^ "Kano: Nigeria's ancient city-state". BBC online. BBC. May 20, 2004. Retrieved July 12, 2007.
  26. ^ "(PDF) Geographies of poverty in Kano State: The role of GIS in identifying and mapping multidimensionally deprived households". ResearchGate. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  27. ^ "Nigerian singer sentenced to death for blasphemy in Kano state". BBC News. August 10, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  28. ^ Miers, Suzanne; Klein, Martin A. (1999). Slavery and Colonial Rule in Africa. Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-7146-4884-2.
  29. ^ "CAPTURE OF KANO". West Gippsland Gazette (Warragul, Vic. : 1898 - 1930). May 19, 1903. p. 6. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  30. ^ https://www.unrisd.org/80256B3C005BCCF9/(httpAuxPages)/307D3402769F396280256B67005B6C56/$file/dp77.pdf
  31. ^ "Nigeria: cities with the largest population 2020". Statista. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  32. ^ http://kubanni.abu.edu.ng/jspui/bitstream/123456789/12023/1/COLLAPSE%20OF%20TEXTILE%20INDUSTRY%20IN%20NIGERIA%20A%20STUDY%20OF%20KANO.pdf
  33. ^ http://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/769551524576691390/pdf/WP-NigeriaBiannualEconomicUpdateAprilFinalVersion-PUBLIC.pdf
  34. ^ "Kano". BBC News. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  35. ^ "Why is business suffering in Kano?". BBC News. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  36. ^ "Kano State second largest industrial - Google Search". www.google.com. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  37. ^ "History, Facts & Figures | Bayero University, Kano". buk.edu.ng. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  38. ^ "Nigeria Police Force". www.npf.gov.ng. Retrieved March 28, 2021.
  39. ^ a b "BRIEF HISTORY OF KUST WUDIL – Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil". Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  40. ^ "ABOUT SKYLINE UNIVERSITY NIGERIA". sun.edu.ng. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  41. ^ IITA Research Station, Kano
  42. ^ [1] Archived January 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  43. ^ Kano population statistics
  44. ^ Ibrahim Ado-Kurawa (2003). "Brief History of Kano 999 to 2003". kanostate.net. Kano State Government Nigeria. Archived from the original on December 10, 2009. Retrieved December 7, 2009.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]