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New York's 20th congressional district

                   
New York's 20th congressional district
New York District 20 109th US Congress.png
Current Representative Chris Gibson (RKinderhook)
Distribution 44.88% urban, 55.12% rural
Population (2000) 654,360
Median income $44,239
Ethnicity 94.7% White, 2.5% Black, 0.8% Asian, 2.2% Hispanic, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% other
Cook PVI R+2

The 20th Congressional District of New York is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in eastern New York. It includes all or parts of Columbia, Dutchess, Delaware, Essex, Greene, Otsego, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Warren, and Washington counties. It includes the cities of Glens Falls and Saratoga Springs. This largely rural district stretches to include parts of the Adirondacks, Catskills and Hudson Valley.

Politically, the geographic area constituting the current district has traditionally been conservative, having been held by right of center Republicans since the 1970s. Despite this, moderate Democrat Kirsten Gillibrand was able to win the district in 2006 from incumbent conservative Republican John E. Sweeney. She handily won reelection in 2008 on the same ticket as Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama, who barely carried the district.

Gillibrand resigned her seat in early 2009 after being appointed to the United States Senate to replace Hillary Clinton following her appointment as Secretary of State. A special election, held on March 31, 2009, was won by Democrat Scott Murphy.[1]

On Nov 2, 2010, Republican Chris Gibson defeated the incumbent Democrat Scott Murphy, and took office on January 3, 2011.

Contents

  Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 45 - 41%
1996 President Clinton 54 - 37%
2000 President Bush 51 - 44%
2004 President Bush 54 - 46%
2008 President Obama 51 - 48%

  Components: past and present

2003–present:

All of Columbia, Greene, Warren, Washington
Parts of Delaware, Dutchess, Essex, Otsego, Rensselaer, Saratoga

1993-2003:

All of Rockland
Parts of Orange, Sullivan, Westchester

1983-1993:

Parts of Westchester

1973-1983:

Parts of Bronx, Manhattan

1913-1973:

Parts of Manhattan

1875-1893:

Montgomery

  Representatives

  1813 - 1833: two seats

From the creation of the district in 1813 to 1833, two seats were apportioned, elected at-large on a general ticket.

  Seat A

Representative Party Years District home Note
Daniel Avery Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Enos T. Throop Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 –
June 4, 1816
Resigned
Vacant June 4, 1816 –
September 30, 1816
Daniel Avery Democratic-Republican September 30, 1816 –
March 3, 1817
Daniel Cruger Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
Caleb Baker Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
Vacant March 4 - December 3, 1821 The United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 1821 were held in April, after the congressional term had already begun. It is not clear when the result was announced or the credentials were issued.
William B. Rochester Democratic-Republican December 3, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Ela Collins Crawford DR March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Nicoll Fosdick Adams March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Rudolph Bunner Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Joseph Hawkins Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
Charles Dayan Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833

  Seat B

Representative Party Years District home Note
Oliver Comstock Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1819
Jonathan Richmond Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
Vacant March 4 - December 3, 1821 The United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 1821 were held in April, after the congressional term had already begun. It is not clear when the result was announced or the credentials were issued.
David Woodcock Democratic-Republican December 3, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Egbert Ten Eyck Crawford DR March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Election contested
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
December 15, 1825
Daniel Hugunin, Jr. Adams December 15, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Successfully contested election of Egbert Ten Eyck
Silas Wright, Jr. Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
February 16, 1829
Resigned
Vacant February 16, 1829 –
March 4, 1829
George Fisher Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
February 5, 1830
election successfully contested by Silas Wright, Jr., but declined to qualify
Vacant February 5, 1830 –
November 3, 1830
Jonah Sanford Jacksonian November 3, 1830 –
March 3, 1831
Daniel Wardwell Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Redistricted to 18th district

  1833 - present: one seat

Representative Party Years District Home Note
Noadiah Johnson Jacksonian March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1835
William Seymour Jacksonian March 4, 1835 – March 3, 1837
Amasa J. Parker Democratic March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1839
Judson Allen Democratic March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1841
Samuel Gordon Democratic March 4, 1841 – March 3, 1843
Samuel Beardsley Democratic March 4, 1843 – February 29, 1844 Resigned
Vacant February 29, 1844 – November 5, 1844
Levi D. Carpenter Democratic November 5, 1844 – March 3, 1845
Timothy Jenkins Democratic March 4, 1845 – March 3, 1849
Orsamus B. Matteson Whig March 4, 1849 – March 3, 1851
Timothy Jenkins Democratic March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1853
Orsamus B. Matteson Whig March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855
Opposition March 4, 1855 – February 27, 1857 Resigned
Vacant February 27, 1857 – March 4, 1857
Orsamus B. Matteson Republican March 4, 1857 – March 3, 1859
Roscoe Conkling Republican March 4, 1859 – March 3, 1863
Ambrose W. Clark Republican March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1865 Redistricted from 23rd district
Addison H. Laflin Republican March 4, 1865 – March 3, 1871
Clinton L. Merriam Republican March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873 Redistricted to 21st district
David Wilber Republican March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875
Henry H. Hathorn Republican March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877 Redistricted from 19th district
John H. Starin Republican March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1881
George West Republican March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1883
Edward Wemple Democratic March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1885
George West Republican March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1889
John Sanford Republican March 4, 1889 – March 3, 1893
Charles Tracey Democratic March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1895 Redistricted from 19th district
George N. Southwick Republican March 4, 1895 – March 3, 1899
Martin H. Glynn Democratic March 4, 1899 – March 3, 1901
George N. Southwick Republican March 4, 1901 – March 3, 1903 Redistricted to 23rd district
Thomas W. Bradley Republican March 4, 1903 – March 3, 1913
Francis B. Harrison Democratic March 4, 1913 – September 3, 1913 Resigned to become chief executive of The Philippines
Vacant March 4, 1913 – September 3, 1913
Jacob A. Cantor Democratic November 4, 1913 – March 4, 1915 New York City
Isaac Siegel Republican March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1923 New York City
Fiorello H. LaGuardia Republican March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1933 New York City
James J. Lanzetta Democratic March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1935 New York City
Vito Marcantonio Republican January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1937 New York City
James J. Lanzetta Democratic January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1939 New York City
Vito Marcantonio American Labor Party January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1945 New York City Redistricted to 18th district
Sol Bloom Democratic January 3, 1945 – March 7, 1949 New York City Redistricted from 19th district, died
Vacant March 8, 1949 – May 16, 1949
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. Liberal May 17, 1949 – January 3, 1951 New York City
Democratic January 3, 1951 – January 3, 1955
Irwin D. Davidson Democratic-Liberal January 3, 1955 – December 31, 1956 New York City Resigned after being elected judge of Court of General Sessions for New York County
Vacant January 1, 1957 – January 2, 1957
Ludwig Teller Democratic January 3, 1957 – January 3, 1961 New York City
William Fitts Ryan Democratic January 3, 1961 – September 17, 1972 New York City Died
Vacant September 18, 1972 – January 2, 1973
Bella Abzug Democratic January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1977 New York City Redistricted from 19th district
Theodore S. Weiss Democratic January 3, 1977 – January 3, 1983 New York City Redistricted to 17th district
Richard Ottinger Democratic January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1985 Mamaroneck Redistricted from 24th district
Joseph J. DioGuardi Republican January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1989 Ossining
Nita M. Lowey Democratic January 3, 1989 – January 3, 1993 Harrison Redistricted to 18th district
Benjamin A. Gilman Republican January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2003 Middletown Redistricted from 22nd district
John E. Sweeney Republican January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007 Clifton Park Redistricted from 22nd district
Kirsten Gillibrand Democratic January 3, 2007 – January 26, 2009 Hudson appointed US Senator
Vacant January 27, 2009 – April 29, 2009
Scott Murphy Democratic April 29, 2009 - January 3, 2011 Glens Falls Won special election on March 31, 2009
Chris Gibson Republican January 3, 2011 – present Kinderhook Incumbent

  Election results

Note that in New York State electoral politics there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

US House election, 2010: New York District 20[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Chris Gibson 130,176 54.87 +5.10
Democratic Scott Murphy 107,077 45.13 -5.10
Majority 23,099 9.74 +9.29
Turnout 237,253 100 +47.4
US House special election, 2009: New York District 20[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Scott Murphy 80,833 50.23 -11.57
Republican James Tedisco 80,107 49.77 +11.57
Majority 726 0.45 -23.15
Turnout 160,940 100 -44.0
US House election, 2008: New York District 20[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Kirsten Gillibrand 177,677 61.8 +8.7
Republican Sandy Treadwell 109,644 38.2 -8.7
Majority 68,033 23.6 +17.4
Turnout 287,321 100 +21.9
US House election, 2006: New York District 20
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Kirsten Gillibrand 125,168 53.1 +19.4
Republican John E. Sweeney 110,554 46.9 -18.9
Majority 14,614 6.2 -25.9
Turnout 235,722 100 -17.8
US House election, 2004: New York District 20
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John E. Sweeney 188,753 65.8 -7.5
Democratic Doris F. Kelly 96,630 33.7 +9.7
Centrist Party Morris N. Guller 1,353 0.5 +0.5
Majority 92,123 32.1 -17.2
Turnout 286,736 100 +49.9
US House election, 2002: New York District 20
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John E. Sweeney 140,238 73.3 +15.7
Democratic Frank Stoppenbach 45,878 24.0 -16.1
Green Margaret Lewis 5,162 2.7 +2.7
Majority 94,360 49.3 +31.8
Turnout 191,278 100 -19.0
US House election, 2000: New York District 20
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Benjamin A. Gilman 136,016 57.6 -0.7
Democratic Paul J. Feiner 94,646 40.1 +1.3
Right to Life Christine M. Tighe 5,371 2.3 -0.5
Majority 41,370 17.5 -2.0
Turnout 236,033 100 +39.7
US House election, 1998: New York District 20
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Benjamin A. Gilman 98,546 58.3 +1.2
Democratic Paul J. Feiner 65,589 38.8 +1.2
Right to Life Christine M. Tighe 4,769 2.8 -0.2
Majority 32,957 19.5 +0.1
Turnout 168,904 100 -21.3
US House election, 1996: New York District 20
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Benjamin A. Gilman 122,479 57.1
Democratic Yash A. Aggarwal 80,761 37.6
Right to Life Robert F. Garrison 6,356 3.0
Independence Ira W. Goodman 5,016 2.3
Majority 41,718 19.4
Turnout 214,612 100

  References

   
               

 

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