Neuburg an der Donau

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Neuburg a.d. Donau
Residenzschloss, the seat of Palatine Electors.
Residenzschloss, the seat of Palatine Electors.
Coat of arms of Neuburg a.d. Donau
Location of Neuburg a.d. Donau within Neuburg-Schrobenhausen district
IngolstadtAichach-FriedbergAugsburg (district)Dachau (district)Eichstätt (district)Donau-RiesPfaffenhofen (district)AresingBerg im GauBergheimBrunnenBurgheimEhekirchenGachenbachKarlshuldKarlskronKönigsmoosLangenmosenNeuburg an der DonauOberhausenRennertshofenRohrenfelsSchrobenhausenWaidhofenWeicheringNeuburg an der Donau in ND.svg
About this image
Neuburg a.d. Donau is located in Germany
Neuburg a.d. Donau
Neuburg a.d. Donau
Neuburg a.d. Donau is located in Bavaria
Neuburg a.d. Donau
Neuburg a.d. Donau
Coordinates: 48°44′N 11°11′E / 48.733°N 11.183°E / 48.733; 11.183Coordinates: 48°44′N 11°11′E / 48.733°N 11.183°E / 48.733; 11.183
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionOberbayern
DistrictNeuburg-Schrobenhausen
Subdivisions16 Ortsteile
Government
 • Lord mayor (2020–26) Dr. Bernhard Gmehling[1] (CSU)
Area
 • Total81.32 km2 (31.40 sq mi)
Elevation
383 m (1,257 ft)
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total29,830
 • Density370/km2 (950/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
86633
Dialling codes08431
Vehicle registrationND
Websitewww.neuburg-donau.de

Neuburg an der Donau (Central Bavarian: Neiburg an da Donau) is a town which is the capital of the Neuburg-Schrobenhausen district in the state of Bavaria in Germany.

Divisions[edit]

The municipality has 16 divisions:

  • Altmannstetten
  • Bergen, Neuburg
  • Bittenbrunn
  • Bruck
  • Feldkirchen
  • Gietlhausen
  • Hardt
  • Heinrichsheim
  • Herrenwörth
  • Hessellohe
  • Joshofen
  • Marienheim
  • Maxweiler
  • Laisacker
  • Sehensand
  • Zell

History[edit]

Neuburg has been inhabited since the Bronze Age with artifacts discovered on the hill where the modern palace is located.[3]

A Roman settlement was also located on the high hill overlooking the Danube, providing a part of the Limes, the border between the Empire and its Germanic enemies.[4]

The massive Neuburg Castle was built during the early Middle Ages by the Aiglolfings, at the site of the old Roman fortress. In 1527 the Wittelsbach Family re-designed the castle into a Renaissance palace, which is what we see today.[5]

Neuburg was part of an episcopal see. In the 10th century it passed to the counts of Scheyern and through them to Bavaria, being ceded to the Rhenish Palatinate at the close of a war in 1507. From 1557 to 1742 it was the capital of a small principality ruled by a cadet branch of the family of the elector palatine of the Rhine. This principality of Palatinate-Neuburg had an area of about 2,600 square kilometres (1,000 sq mi) and about 100,000 inhabitants.

During the Thirty Years' War, the city was conquered and occupied several times between 1632 and 1634 during the battles for Regensburg by Swedish troops passing through here, while crossing the Danube.[6]

In 1742 it was united again with the Rhenish Palatinate, with which it passed in 1777 to Bavaria.[7]

In 1806 in became part of firstly Altmühlkreis (its center was Eichstätt) between 1806 and 1808, later Oberdonaukreis (its center was firstly Eichstätt between 1810 and 1817, later Augsburg between 1817 and 1837). It was a rural district center in Schwaben region in 29 November 1837. On 30 June 1972, Neuburg an der Donau became a Grosse Kreisstadt (similar to a county seat) and was passed to Upper Bavaria region.

During the Second World War, Neuburg was bombed by the Allies in April 1943. By late April 1945 the US Army liberated the town from the Nazis.[8]

Main sights[edit]

Hofkirche

Neuburg an der Donau has a defensive wall around the old town. The old town contains some well worth seeing institutions and happenings, such as the 'Birdland Jazz Club Neuburg', one of the best locations for jazz auditions in Germany.

The Renaissance Ducal Palace (Pfalz-Neuburger Residenzschloss), Neuburg Castle, which was built 1530-45 under Otto Henry, Elector Palatine and took on its present-day form during the reign of Philip William, Elector Palatine, today houses several museums including a Baroque gallery of the Bavarian State Picture Collection and the Archäologie-Museum Schloss Neuburg an der Donau (Neuburg an der Donau Castle Archaeology Museum), a branch of the Bavarian State Archaeological Collection.

Other main sights include the late Renaissance court church Hofkirche (1607/08 built by Josef Heintz), the Town Hall (1603/09), the rococo Provinzialbibliothek (Provincial Library, 1731/32) and the baroque churches of St. Peter (1641/46) and St. Ursula (1700/01). Grünau is a renaissance hunting lodge of Elector Otto Henry, which is situated 7 km further east (built from 1530 onwards).

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Neuburg an der Donau is twinned with:[9]

Neuburg an der Donau also is a part of the Newcastle Alliance (cities named "New Castle") alongside with:[9]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liste der ersten Bürgermeister/Oberbürgermeister in kreisangehörigen Gemeinden, Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik, 15 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Tabelle 12411-003r Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes: Gemeinden, Stichtag" (in German). Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik. June 2022.
  3. ^ Jörg Biel: Vorgeschichtliche Höhensiedlungen in Südwürttemberg-Hohenzollern. Theiss, Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 380620778X, S. 214.
  4. ^ Volker Bierbrauer: Neuburg. In: Heinrich Beck (Hrsg.): Reallexikon der germanischen Altertumskunde. Band 21, de Gruyter, Berlin 2002, ISBN 3-11-017272-0, S. 106–108; hier: S. 106.
  5. ^ Reinhard H. Seitz: Die Schloßkapelle zu Neuburg a. d. Donau. Einer der frühesten evangelischen Kirchenräume im Spiegelbild von Reformation und Gegenreformation. Weißenhorn 2016, ISBN 978-3-87437-572-6.
  6. ^ Peter Engerisser, Pavel Hrnčiřík: Nördlingen 1634. Die Schlacht bei Nördlingen – Wendepunkt des Dreißigjährigen Krieges. Verlag Späthling Weißenstadt 2009, ISBN 978-3-926621-78-8, Pages 29-33.
  7. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Neuburg". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 423.
  8. ^ "Neuburg a.d.Donau - Wiederaufbauatlas :: Haus der Bayerischen Geschichte".
  9. ^ a b "Partner und Freunde". neuburg-donau.de (in German). Neuburg an der Donau. Retrieved 2021-03-01.

External links[edit]