Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria

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Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria
Marie Gabrielle von Bayern.jpg
Photograph taken circa 1900
Born(1878-10-09)9 October 1878
Tegernsee, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire
Died24 October 1912(1912-10-24) (aged 34)
Sorrento, Kingdom of Italy
SpousePrince Rupprecht of Bavaria
IssueLuitpold, Hereditary Prince of Bavaria
Princess Irmingard
Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria
Prince Rudolf
Full name
German: Marie Gabrielle Mathilde Isabelle Therese Antoinette Sabine Herzogin in Bayern
FatherKarl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria
MotherInfanta Maria Josepha of Portugal

Marie Gabrielle (German: Marie Gabrielle Mathilde Isabelle Therese Antoinette Sabine Herzogin in Bayern; 9 October 1878 in Tegernsee, Bavaria – 24 October 1912 in Sorrento, Italy)[1] Duchess of Bavaria, was the youngest daughter of Duke Karl Theodor in Bavaria and his second wife, Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal. She married Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria in 1900 but died before he became Crown Prince. Through her second son Albrecht, Marie Gabrielle was the grandmother of the present Duke of Bavaria, Franz.



Her parents were ophthalmologist Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria, a member of the House of Wittelsbach and kinsman of the Kings of Bavaria, and his second wife, Princess Maria José of Bragança, a daughter of King Miguel I, exiled monarch of Portugal. Her paternal aunt was Empress Elisabeth of Austria (Sissi) and one of her sisters was Elisabeth in Bavaria, consort of Albert I of Belgium. Brought up mainly in Possenhofen Castle, she and her siblings had a happy childhood. She had an inclination for drawing, and in this was supported by her father.


On 10 July 1900 in Munich at the Allerheiligen-Hofkirche, Marie Gabrielle married her second cousin once-removed, Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria.[1] He was the eldest son of Prince Ludwig of Bavaria (later Prince Regent and King of Bavaria) and Maria Theresia of Austria-Este. The wedding was attended by Prince Joachim of Prussia, representing his father Emperor Wilhelm II.[1] After their marriage, the couple settled down in Bamberg, Bavaria, where Rupprecht was head of an army corps.[2] Their two eldest children were born there.[2]

The couple traveled a great deal. For example, they journeyed to Japan and returned by way of the United States in 1903.[3] The trip to Japan was scientific in nature, and the couple were accompanied by a renowned professor from the University of Munich.[2] Marie Gabrielle wrote home quite enthusiastically about their journey. Like her parents, she was a great lover of science and nature, as well as poetry and music.[2]

While in Japan, Marie Gabrielle became seriously ill.[4] Upon their return to Bavaria, she underwent surgery for appendicitis. She made a full recovery.[4]

Her husband Rupprecht became the heir apparent when his father became King of Bavaria in 1913, however, Marie Gabrielle had died from renal failure the previous year and never became Crown Princess of Bavaria. Her husband later remarried, to her first cousin Princess Antoinette of Luxembourg, on April 7, 1921.

Marie Gabrielle was interred at Theatinerkirche in Munich near her deceased children. Her only child to survive to adulthood was her second son Albrecht, who succeeded his father as the head of the House of Wittelsbach in 1955.


Princess Rupprecht of Bavaria with her three sons, Luitpold, Albrecht, and Rudolf, ca. 1912.
Name Birth Death Notes
By Rupprecht Maria Luitpold Ferdinand, Crown Prince of Bavaria (May 18, 1869–August 2, 1955; married on July 10, 1900 at the Court Church in The Residenz, Munich)[1]
Luitpold Maximilian Ludwig Karl of Bavaria May 8, 1901 August 27, 1914 died in childhood from polio.
Irmingard Maria Therese José Cäcilia Adelheid Michaela Antonia Adelgunde September 21, 1902 April 21, 1903 died in childhood from diphtheria.
Albrecht Luitpold Ferdinand Michael May 3, 1905 July 8, 1996 married first, 1930, Countess Maria Draskovich von Traskotjan;
married second 1971, Countess Marie-Jenke von Buzin;
had issue.
Daughter December 6, 1906 December 6, 1906 stillborn.
Rudolf Friedrich Rupprecht May 30, 1909 June 26, 1912 died in childhood from diabetes.



  1. ^ a b c d "Prince Ruprecht Married" (PDF), The New York Times, Munich, 10 July 1900
  2. ^ a b c d "Bavarian Royalties Coming to America" (PDF), The New York Times, Munich, 9 May 1903
  3. ^ "Bavarian Prince to See America" (PDF), The New York Times, Berlin, 26 April 1903
  4. ^ a b "Princess Rupprecht Ill" (PDF), The New York Times, Munich, 19 August 1903

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