Genealogy of the Grand-Ducal Family of Baden

Genealogy of the Grand-Ducal Family of Baden1, 2

House Zähringen


HRH Grand Duke Karl Friedrich of BadenHRH Grand Duke Karl Friedrich of Baden
(Born as: HSH Margrave Karl Friedrich of Baden-Durlach)
(Since October 21st, 1771:) HSH Margrave Karl Friedrich of Baden
(Since July 25th, 1803:) HSH Elector Karl Friedrich of Baden
* Karlsruhe, November 22nd, 1728
† Karlsruhe, June 10th, 1811
Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach, March 26th, 1732
Margrave of Baden-Durlach, May 12th, 1738; Margrave of Baden, October 21st, 1771; Elector of Baden, July 25th, 1803; Grand Duke of Baden, July 25th, 1806

HSH Margravine Karoline Luise of Baden née Landgravine of Hesse-DarmstadtMarried:

  1. Schloßkapelle, Darmstadt, January 28th, 1751:
    HSH Landgravine Karoline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt
    * Darmstadt, July 11th, 1723
    † (stroke) Hotel d'Angleterre, Paris, April 8th, 1783
  2. Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Luise Karoline of Baden née Geyer von Geyersberg(morganatic) Schloß Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, November 24th, 1787:
    Luise Karoline Geyer von Geyersberg
    * Karlsruhe, May 26th, 1768
    † Karlsruhe, July 23rd, 1820
    Created Freifrau von Hochberg, Karlsruhe, November 24th, 1787; created Reichgräfin von Hochberg by HIM Emperor Franz II, Vienna, May 12th, 1796; created Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine of Baden by HRH Grand Duke Karl of Baden, October 4th, 1817
    (The marriage was declared dynastic by HRH Grand Duke Karl Friedrich of Baden, September 10th, 1806)
    Lady in waiting to HGDH Hereditary Princess Amalie

Children from the first marriage:

  1. Stillborn son
    * Schloß Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, September 19th, 1751
  2. Miscarriage
    1752
  3. Stillborn child
    * June 1753
  4. HSH Margrave Karl Ludwig of Baden-Durlach
  5. HGDH Grand-Ducal Prince and Margrave Friedrich of BadenHSH Margrave Friedrich of Baden-Durlach ("Fritz")
    (Since October 21st, 1771:) HSH Margrave Friedrich of Baden
    (Since July 25th, 1803:) HSH Prince and Margrave Friedrich of Baden
    (Since July 25th, 1806:) HGDH Grand-Ducal Prince and Margrave Friedrich of Baden
    * Karlsruhe, August 29th, 1756
    † Karlsruhe, May 28th, 1817
    Heir Pressumptive to the Throne of Baden, June 10th, 1811 - September 29th, 1812; October 16th, 1812 - May 1st, 1816; and since May 8th, 1817
    Major-General of the Army of the Republic of the United Netherlands

    Married:

    Schloß Usingen, Usingen, December 9th, 1791:
    HSH Princess Christiane Luise of Nassau-Usingen
    * Biebrich, August 16th, 1776
    † Karlsruhe, February 19th, 1829

  6. Stillborn son
    * 1760
  7. HRH Grand Duke Ludwig I of BadenHRH Grand Duke Ludwig I Wilhelm August of Baden
    (Born as: HSH Margrave Ludwig Wilhelm August of Baden-Durlach)
    (Since October 21st, 1771:) HSH Margrave Ludwig Wilhelm August of Baden
    (Since July 25th, 1803:) HSH Prince and Margrave Ludwig Wilhelm August of Baden
    (Since July 25th, 1806:) HGDH Grand-Ducal Prince and Margrave Ludwig Wilhelm August of Baden
    * Karlsruhe, February 9th, 1763
    † Karlsruhe, March 30th, 1830
    Heir Pressumptive to the Throne of Baden, May 28th, 1817
    Grand Duke of Baden, December 8th, 1818
  8. Stillborn child
    * July 1764
  9. HSH Margravine Luise Karoline of Baden-Durlach
    * Karlsruhe, January 8th, 1767
    † Karlsruhe, January 11th, 1767
  10. Miscarriage
    1769

Children from the second marriage:3

  1. HRH Leopold Grand Duke of Baden
  2. Wilhelm Ludwig August Freiherr von Hochberg
    (Since May 12th, 1796:) Wilhelm Ludwig August Graf von Hochberg
    (Since October 4th, 1817:) HGDH Grand-Ducal Prince and Margrave Wilhelm Ludwig August of Baden
    * Schloß Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, April 8th, 1792
    † Karlsruhe, October 11th, 1859

    Married:

    Stuttgart, Ocotber 16th, 1830:
    HRH Duchess
    Elisabeth Alexandrine Konstanze of Württemberg
    (Born as: HSH Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine Konstanze of Württemberg)
    * Riga, February 27th, 1802
    † Karlsruhe, December 5th, 1864

    Children from this marriage:

    1. Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Wilhelmine Pauline Henriette Leopoldine Sophie Amalie Maximiliane of Baden
      * Karlsruhe, May 7th, 1833
      † Karlsruhe, August 7th, 1834
    2. Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Sophie Pauline Henriette Marie Amalie Luise of Baden
      (Since August 15th, 1844:) HGDH Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Sophie Pauline Henriette Marie Amalie Luise of Baden
      * Karlsruhe, August 7th, 1834
      † Karlsruhe, April 6th, 1904

      Married:

      Karlsruhe, November 9th, 1858:
      HSH Fürst Günther Friedrich Woldemar of Lippe
      (Born as: HSH Prince Günther Friedrich Woldemar of Lippe)
      * Detmold, April 18th, 1824
      † Detmold, March 20th, 1895
      Heir Pressumptive to the Throne of Lippe, January 1st, 1851
      Fürst of Lippe, December 8th, 1875

    3. Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Pauline Sophie Elisabeth Marie of Baden
      (Since August 15th, 1844:) HGDH Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Pauline Sophie Elisabeth Marie of Baden
      * Karlsruhe, December 18th, 1835
      † Karlsruhe, May 15th, 1891
    4. Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Leopoldine Wilhelmine Pauline Amalie Maximiliane of Baden
  3. Friedrich Alexander Freiherr von Hochberg
    * Karlsruhe, June 10th, 1793
    † Karlsruhe, June 18th, 1793
  4. HGDH Fürstin Amalie zu Fürstenberg née Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine of BadenAmalie Christine Karoline Freifrau von Hochberg
    (Since May 12th, 1796:) Amalie Christine Karoline Gräfin von Hochberg
    (Since October 4th, 1817:) HGDH Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Amalie Christine Karoline of Baden
    * Karlsruhe, January 26th, 1795
    † Karlsruhe, September 14th, 1869

    Married:

    Karlsruhe, April 19th, 1818:
    HSH Fürst Karl Egon II zu Fürstenberg
    (Born as: HSH Prince Karl Egon zu Fürstenberg
    * Prague, October 28th, 1796
    † Bad Ischl, October 22nd, 1854
    Fürst zu Fürstenberg, May 17th, 1804

  5. HGDH Grand-Ducal Prince and Margrave Maximilian of BadenMaximilian Friedrich Johann Ernst Graf von Hochberg
    (Since October 4th, 1817:) HGDH Grand-Ducal Prince and Margrave Maximilian Friedrich Johann Ernst of Baden
    * Triesdorf, December 8th, 1796
    † Karlsruhe, March 6th, 1882

HSH Hereditary Prince Karl Ludwig of BadenHSH Margrave Karl Ludwig of Baden-Durlach
(Since October 21st, 1771:) HSH Margrave Karl Ludwig of Baden
* Karlsruhe, February 14th, 1755
† (stroke) Arboga, December 16th, 1801
Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach, February 14th, 1755; Hereditary Prince of Baden, October 21st, 1771

HSH Hereditary Princess Amalie of Baden née Landgravine of Hesse-DarmstadtMarried:

Darmstadt, July 15th, 1774:
HSH Landgravine Friederike Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
* Prenzlau, June 20th, 1754
† Bruchsal, July 21st, 1832

Children from this marriage:

  1. HSH Margravine Katharina Amalie Christiane Luise of Baden
    (Since July 25th, 1803:) HSH Princess and Margravine Katharina Amalie Christiane Luise of Baden
    (Since July 25th, 1806:) HGDH Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Katharina Amalie Christiane Luise of Baden
    * Karlsruhe, July 13th, 1776
    † Bruchsal, October 26th, 1823
  2. HM Queen Karoline of Bavaria née Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine of BadenHSH Margravine Friederike Karoline Wilhelmine of Baden
    (Since July 25th, 1803:) HSH Princess and Margravine Friederike Karoline Wilhelmine of Baden
    (Since July 25th, 1806:) HGDH Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Friederike Karoline Wilhelmine of Baden
    * Karlsruhe, July 13th, 1776
    † Munich, November 13th, 1841

    HM King Maximilian I of BavariaMarried:

    Karlsruhe, March 9th, 1797:
    HM King
    Maximilian I Maria Michael Johann Baptist Franz von Paula Joseph Kaspar Ignatius Johann Nepomuk of Bavaria ("Max")
    (Born as: HSH Count Palatine Maximilian Maria Michael Johann Baptist Franz von Paula Joseph Kaspar Ignatius Johann Nepomuk of the Rhine of Zweibrücken)
    (Since February 16th, 1799:) HSH Elector Maximilian IV Maria Michael Johann Baptist Franz von Paula Joseph Kaspar Ignatius Johann Nepomuk of Bavaria
    * Schloß Mannheim, May 27th, 1756
    † Schloß Nymphenburg, October 23rd, 1825
    Count Palatine of the Rhine of Zweibrücken, 1795; Elector of Bavaria, February 16th, 1799; King of Bavaria, December 26th, 1805

  3. HIM Empress Elisaveta Aleksejevna of Russia née Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Luise of BadenHSH Margravine Luise Marie Auguste of Baden
    (Since July 25th, 1803:) HSH Princess and Margravine Luise Marie Auguste of Baden
    (Since July 25th, 1806:) HGDH Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Luise Marie Auguste of Baden
    (Took the name Elisaveta Aleksejevna following her conversion to the Orthodox faith, May 20th n.s., 1793)
    * Karlsruhe, January 24th, 1779
    † Bjelev near Kaluga, May 16th n.s., 1826

    Married:

    Winter Palace Church, Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, October 9th n.s., 1793:
    HIM Emperor and Autocrat
    Aleksandr I Pavlovitch of all the Russias
    (Born as: HIH Grand Duke Aleksandr Pavlovitch of Russia)
    (Since November 28th n.s., 1796:) HIH Czarevitch Aleksandr Pavlovitch of Russia
    * Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, December 23rd n.s, 1777
    † Taganrog, December 1st n.s., 1825
    Proclaimed Heir to the Throne of Russia, November 17th n.s., 1796 and granted the title Czarevitch of Russia, November 28th n.s., 1796
    Emperor of Russia, March 24th n.s., 1801 (crowned: Dormition Cathedral, Kremlin, Moscow, September 27th n.s., 1801); King of Poland, 1815

  4. HSH Margravine Friederike Dorothea Wilhelmine of Baden
  5. HSH Margravine Marie Elisabeth Wilhelmine of Baden
    (Since July 25th, 1803:) HSH Princess and Margravine Marie Elisabeth Wilhelmine of Baden
    (Since July 25th, 1806:) HGDH Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Marie Elisabeth Wilhelmine of Baden
    * Karlsruhe, September 7th, 1782
    † Bruchsal, April 20th, 1808

    Married:

    Karlsruhe, November 1st, 1802:
    HSH Duke Friedrich Wilhelm of Brunswick
    * Brunswick, October 9th, 1771
    † (killed in action) Quatre Bras near Waterloo, June 16th, 1815
    Duke of Brunswick, November 10th, 1806

  6. HSH Margrave Karl Friedrich of Baden
    * Karlsruhe, September 13th, 1784
    † Karlsruhe, March 1st, 1785
  7. HRH Grand Duke Karl of BadenHRH Grand Duke Karl Ludwig Friedrich of Baden
    (Born as: HSH Margrave Karl Ludwig Friedrich of Baden)
    (Since July 25th, 1803:) HSH Hereditary Prince and Margrave Karl Ludwig Friedrich of Baden
    (Since July 25th, 1806:) HRH Hereditary Grand Duke Karl Ludwig Friedrich of Baden
    * Karlsruhe, June 8th, 1786
    † (dropsy) Schloß Rastatt, December 8th, 1818
    Hereditary Prince of Baden, December 16th, 1801; Hereditary Grand Duke of Baden, July 25th, 1806
    Grand Duke of Baden, June 10th, 1811

    HRH Grand Duchess Stéphanie of Baden née de BeauharnaisMarried:

    (civil) Paris, April 7th and (religious) Paris, April 8th, 1806:
    Stéphanie Louise Adrienne de Beauharnais
    (Since March 2nd, 1806:) HIH Princesse Stéphanie Louise Adrienne Napoléon of France
    * Versailles, August 28th, 1789
    † Nice, Alpes-Maritimes, January 29th, 1860
    Created "Alltesse Impériale Princesse Stéphanie Napoléon de France fille adoptive de SM l'Empereur & Roy" by HM Emperor Napoléon I of the French, March 2nd, 1806; deprived of the style Imperial Highness in 1815; restored to that style in 1855

    Children from this marriage:

    1. Miscarriage
      August/September 1806
    2. HGDH Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Luise Amalie Stephanie of Baden
      * Schloß Schwetzingen, June 5th, 1811
      † (dropsy) Karlsruhe, July 19th, 1854

      Prince Gustaf VasaMarried:

      Karlsruhe, November 9th, 1830:
      HRH Crown Prince Gustaf of Sweden
      (Since ...:) Prince Gustaf Vasa
      * Royal Palace, Stockholm, November 9th, 1799
      † Schloß Pillnitz, October 4th, 1877
      (Divorced: 1844)

    3. Son
      * Karlsruhe, September 29th, 1812
      † Karlsruhe, October 16th, 1812
      Hereditary Grand Duke of Baden, September 29th, 1812
      (A legend later arose that this child was kidnapped and raised as Caspar Hauser)
    4. HRH Fürstin Josephine of Hohenzollern née Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine of BadenHGDH Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Josephine Friederike Luise of Baden
      * Mannheim, October 21st, 1813
      † Sigmaringen, June 19th, 1900

      HRH Fürst Karl Anton of HohenzollernMarried:

      Karlsruhe, October 21st, 1834:
      HRH Fürst Karl Anton Joachim Zephyrinus Friedrich Meinrad of Hohenzollern
      (Born as: HSH Prince Karl Anton Joachim Zephyrinus Friedrich Meinrad of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen)
      (Since October 17th, 1831:) HSH Hereditary Prince Karl Anton Joachim Zephyrinus Friedrich Meinrad of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
      (Since August 27th, 1848:) HSH Fürst Karl Anton Joachim Zephyrinus Friedrich Meinrad of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
      (Since March 20th, 1850:) HH Fürst Karl Anton Joachim Zephyrinus Friedrich Meinrad of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
      (Since October 18th, 1861:) HRH Fürst Karl Anton Joachim Zephyrinus Friedrich Meinrad of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
      * Sigmaringen, September 7th, 1811
      † Berlin, June 2nd, 1885
      Hereditary Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, October 17th, 1831
      Fürst of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, August 27th, 1848 (ceded his sovereign rights to the King of Prussia: December 7th, 1849); granted the style Highness, March 20th, 1850; granted the style Royal Highness, October 18th, 1861

    5. HRH Hereditary Grand Duke Alexander Maximilian Karl of Baden
      * Karlsruhe, May 1st, 1816
      † Karlsruhe, May 8th, 1817
      Hereditary Grand Duke of Baden, May 1st, 1816
    6. HGDH Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Marie Amalie Elisabeth Karoline of Baden
      * Karlsruhe, October 11th, 1817
      † Baden-Baden, October 8th, 1888

      Married:

      Mannheim, February 23rd, 1843:
      William Alexander Anthony Archibald Douglas-Hamilton 11th Duke of Hamilton and 8th Duke of Brandon
      (Born as: William Alexander Anthony Archibald Douglas-Hamilton Earl of Arran)
      (Since February 16th, 1819:) William Alexander Anthony Archibald Douglas-Hamilton Marquess of Clydesdale
      * London, February 19th, 1811
      † Paris, July 15th, 1863
      11th Duke of Hamilton and 8th Duke of Brandon, Marquess of Clydesdale, Earl of Arran, etc., August 18th, 1852

  8. HRH Grand Duchess Wilhelmine Luise of Hesse and by Rhine née Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine of BadenHSH Margravine Wilhelmine Luise of Baden ("Mimi")
    (Since July 25th, 1803:) HSH Princess and Margravine Wilhelmine Luise of Baden
    (Since July 25th, 1806:) HGDH Grand-Ducal Princess and Margravine Wilhelmine Luise of Baden
    * Karlsruhe, September 10th, 1788
    † Rosenhöhe near Darmstadt, January 27th, 1836
    HRH Grand Duke Ludwig II of Hesse and by Rhine

    Married:

    Karlsruhe, June 19th, 1804:
    HRH Grand Duke Ludwig II of Hesse and by Rhine
    (Born as: HSH Landgrave Ludwig of Hesse-Darmstadt)
    (Since August 13th, 1806:) HRH Hereditary Grand Duke Ludwig of Hesse
    (Since July 7th, 1816:) HRH Hereditary Grand Duke Ludwig of Hesse and by Rhine
    * Darmstadt, December 26th, 1777
    † Darmstadt, June 16th, 1848
    Hereditary Prince of Hesse-Darmstadt, April 6th, 1790; Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse, August 13th, 1806; Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine, July 7th, 1816
    Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine, April 6th, 1830


Footnotes:

  1. With special thanks to: Anuschka Becker, Brigitte Gastel Lloyd, Frank Johansen, Netty Leistra, Paul Theroff and John from Zwolle.
  2. Since July 25th, 1806 the official titles of the sovereigns of Baden were (in German): Großherzog von Baden, Herzog von Zähringen, Landgraf zu Sausenberg, Graf zu Sponheim und Eberstein with the style Königliche Hoheit (Royal Highness). Since the end of the monarchy the head of the family bears the titles Markgraf von Baden, Herzog von Zähringen with the style Königliche Hoheit.
    Since July 25th, 1806 the official title of the heir to the throne was: Erbgroßherzog von Baden with the style Königliche Hoheit. Since the end of the monarchy the heir apparent bears the title Erbprinz von Baden with the style Königliche Hoheit.
    Since July 25th, 1806 the members of the family bore the title Großherzogliche Prinz/Prinzessin und Markgraf/Markgräfin von Baden with the style Großherzogliche Hoheit (Grand-Ducal Highness). Since the end of the monarchy the members of the family bear the title Prinz/Prinzessin von Baden with the style Großherzogliche Hoheit.
  3. The children from this marriage were granted the right of succession by HRH Grand Duke Karl Friedrich on September 10th, 1806. They were created Großherzogliche Prinz/Prinzessin und Markgraf/Markgräfin von Baden with the style Großherzogliche Hoheit by HRH Grand Duke Karl on October 4th, 1817. Their descendants in male lineage were granted the style Großherzogliche Hoheit on August 15th, 1844.

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Last updated: July 8th, 2005.