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Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

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Louis IX
Portrait of Louis IX around 1780 in the Musée historique de Strasbourg
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Reign12 October 1768 –
6 April 1790
PredecessorLouis VIII
SuccessorLouis X
Born(1719-12-15)15 December 1719
Darmstadt
Died6 April 1790(1790-04-06) (aged 70)
Pirmasens
Spouses
(m. 1741; died 1774)
Marie Adelaide of Cheirouze, Countess of Lemberg
(m. 1775)
Issue
HouseHesse-Darmstadt
FatherLouis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
MotherCountess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg

Louis IX of Hesse-Darmstadt (German: Ludwig) (15 December 1719 – 6 April 1790) was Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1768 to 1790.

Overview[edit]

Louis IX was a son of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, and Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg and Müntzenberg.

He was born in Darmstadt on 15 December 1719. On 12 August 1741, Louis married Caroline, daughter of Christian III, Duke of Zweibrücken. They had three sons and five daughters, including:

In 1775, Louis IX married Marie Adelaide of Cheirouze, countess of Lemberg. On 6 April 1790, Louis died in Pirmasens.

Louis IX and his first wife became the most recent common ancestors of all current sovereigns of hereditary monarchies in Europe in 2022 after Charles III became King of the United Kingdom.[citation needed]

Royal descendants[edit]

Dotted lines indicate marriage.

Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-DarmstadtCountess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken
Princess Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt
Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
Frederick William II of Prussia
Louis I, Grand Duke of HessePrincess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
Princess Amalie of Hesse-Homburg
Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
Frederick William III of PrussiaWilhelmine of Prussia
William I of the Netherlands
Louis II, Grand Duke of HesseCaroline of Baden
Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
Frederica of Baden
Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden
Charles, Grand Duke of BadenPrincess Wilhelmine of Baden
Prince Frederick Augustus of Anhalt-DessauWilliam I, German EmperorAlexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia)
Nicholas I of Russia
William II of the NetherlandsPrince Frederick of the NetherlandsPrince Charles of Hesse and by RhinePrince Alexander of Hesse and by RhinePrincess Sophie of Bavaria
Archduke Franz Karl of Austria
Princess Sophie of Sweden
Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden
Princess Josephine of Baden
Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern (born 1811)
Princess Marie Amelie of Baden
William Hamilton, 11th Duke of Hamilton
Princess Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau
Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Frederick III, German EmperorGrand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of RussiaWilliam III of the NetherlandsLouise of the Netherlands
Charles XV of Sweden
Louis IV, Grand Duke of HessePrince Louis of BattenbergPrince Henry of BattenbergArchduke Karl Ludwig of AustriaFrederick I, Grand Duke of BadenPrincess Marie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders
Lady Mary Victoria Douglas-Hamilton
Albert I, Prince of Monaco
William IV, Grand Duke of LuxembourgWilhelm II, German EmperorSophia of PrussiaOlga Constantinovna of Russia
George I of Greece
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Louise of Sweden
Frederick VIII of Denmark
Princess Victoria of Hesse and by RhinePrincess Alice of BattenbergVictoria Eugenie of Battenberg
Alfonso XIII of Spain
Archduchess Elisabeth Amalie of Austria
Prince Alois of Liechtenstein (1869–1955)
Victoria of Baden
Gustaf V of Sweden
Albert I of BelgiumLouis II, Prince of Monaco
Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma
Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia
Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick
Constantine I of GreecePrince Andrew of Greece and DenmarkJuliana of the Netherlands
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
Christian X of DenmarkHaakon VII of NorwayPrincess Ingeborg of Denmark
Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
Infante Juan, Count of BarcelonaFranz Joseph II, Prince of LiechtensteinGustaf VI Adolf of SwedenLeopold III of BelgiumPrincess Charlotte, Duchess of Valentinois
Prince Pierre, Duke of Valentinois
Jean, Grand Duke of LuxembourgFrederica of HanoverPaul I of GreecePrince Philip, Duke of EdinburghBeatrix of the Netherlands
Prince Claus of the Netherlands
Frederik IX of DenmarkOlav V of NorwayPrincess Märtha of SwedenAstrid of SwedenJuan Carlos I of Spain
Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein
Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of VästerbottenIngrid of SwedenPrincess Joséphine-Charlotte of BelgiumAlbert II of BelgiumRainier III, Prince of Monaco

Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Queen Sofía of Spain
Charles III of the United Kingdom

Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands
Margrethe II of Denmark
Harald V of Norway

Felipe VI of Spain

Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden

Philippe I of Belgium

Albert II, Prince of Monaco

Frederik X of Denmark

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 68.

External links[edit]

Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Cadet branch of the House of Hesse
Born: 15 December 1719 Died: 6 April 1790
Regnal titles
Preceded by Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
1768–1790
Succeeded byas Grand Duke of
Hesse and by Rhine