List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Europe

European countriesEuropean statesCountryEuropean countryEuropeEuropeancountries of EuropeList of European countries50 sovereign states27 EU
[[File:Europe Asia transcontinental.png|thumb|upright=1.5|wikipedia
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Italy

ItalianITAItalia
Italy (Italia ), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana ), is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands.

Regions of Europe

European RegionsGeopolitical divisions of Europevarious common definitions of Europe
The list below includes all entities falling even partially under any of the various common definitions of Europe, geographical or political.

Spain

SpanishESPKingdom of Spain
Spain (España ), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a European country located in Southwestern Europe with some pockets of Spanish territory across the Strait of Gibraltar and the Atlantic Ocean.

Council of Europe

CECoEthe Council of Europe
All are either member or observer states of the United Nations (UN), and all except Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City are members of the Council of Europe.
Nearly all European states have acceded to the Council of Europe, with the exceptions of Belarus (human rights concerns including active use of the death penalty), Kazakhstan (human rights concerns), and the Vatican City (a theocracy), as well as some of the territories with limited recognition.

De facto

de facto relationshipde-factode facto'' segregation
Fifty generally recognised sovereign states, Kosovo with limited, but substantial, international recognition, and five largely unrecognised de facto states with limited to no recognition, are listed with territory in Europe and/or membership in international European organisations.

Boundaries between the continents of Earth

boundary between Europe and AsiaBoundaries between continentsborder between Europe and Asia
Under the commonly used geographic definition, the boundary between the continents of Asia and Europe stretches along the Ural Mountains, Ural River, and Caspian Sea in the east, the Greater Caucasus range and the Black Sea, with its outlets, the Bosphorus and Dardanelles, in the south.

Ural Mountains

UralsUralthe Urals
Under the commonly used geographic definition, the boundary between the continents of Asia and Europe stretches along the Ural Mountains, Ural River, and Caspian Sea in the east, the Greater Caucasus range and the Black Sea, with its outlets, the Bosphorus and Dardanelles, in the south.

Ural River

UralYaikYaik River
Under the commonly used geographic definition, the boundary between the continents of Asia and Europe stretches along the Ural Mountains, Ural River, and Caspian Sea in the east, the Greater Caucasus range and the Black Sea, with its outlets, the Bosphorus and Dardanelles, in the south.

Caspian Sea

CaspianCaspian regionCaspian Sea basin
Under the commonly used geographic definition, the boundary between the continents of Asia and Europe stretches along the Ural Mountains, Ural River, and Caspian Sea in the east, the Greater Caucasus range and the Black Sea, with its outlets, the Bosphorus and Dardanelles, in the south.

Greater Caucasus

Caucasus MajorGreater Caucasus MountainsGreater Caucasus Mountain Range
Under the commonly used geographic definition, the boundary between the continents of Asia and Europe stretches along the Ural Mountains, Ural River, and Caspian Sea in the east, the Greater Caucasus range and the Black Sea, with its outlets, the Bosphorus and Dardanelles, in the south.

Black Sea

BlackEuxinePontus Euxinus
Under the commonly used geographic definition, the boundary between the continents of Asia and Europe stretches along the Ural Mountains, Ural River, and Caspian Sea in the east, the Greater Caucasus range and the Black Sea, with its outlets, the Bosphorus and Dardanelles, in the south.

Bosporus

BosphorusBosphorus StraitBosphorous
Under the commonly used geographic definition, the boundary between the continents of Asia and Europe stretches along the Ural Mountains, Ural River, and Caspian Sea in the east, the Greater Caucasus range and the Black Sea, with its outlets, the Bosphorus and Dardanelles, in the south.

Dardanelles

HellespontDardanelles StraitÇanakkale Boğazı
Under the commonly used geographic definition, the boundary between the continents of Asia and Europe stretches along the Ural Mountains, Ural River, and Caspian Sea in the east, the Greater Caucasus range and the Black Sea, with its outlets, the Bosphorus and Dardanelles, in the south.

List of transcontinental countries

transcontinentaltranscontinental countriestranscontinental country
Based on such commonly used division of the continents, transcontinental states Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey have territory both in Europe and Asia.

Azerbaijan

Republic of AzerbaijanAzerbaijan RepublicAZE
Based on such commonly used division of the continents, transcontinental states Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey have territory both in Europe and Asia.

Georgia (country)

GeorgiaGeorgianRepublic of Georgia
Based on such commonly used division of the continents, transcontinental states Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey have territory both in Europe and Asia.

Kazakhstan

KAZKazakhRepublic of Kazakhstan
Based on such commonly used division of the continents, transcontinental states Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey have territory both in Europe and Asia.

Russia

Russian FederationRUSRussian
Based on such commonly used division of the continents, transcontinental states Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey have territory both in Europe and Asia.

Turkey

TurkishRepublic of TurkeyTUR
Based on such commonly used division of the continents, transcontinental states Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey have territory both in Europe and Asia.

Cyprus

CypriotRepublic of CyprusCYP
The island of Cyprus in Western Asia is proximate to Anatolia (or Asia Minor), but often considered part of Europe and is a current member of the European Union (EU).

Western Asia

West AsiaSouthwest AsiaWest Asian
The island of Cyprus in Western Asia is proximate to Anatolia (or Asia Minor), but often considered part of Europe and is a current member of the European Union (EU).