Leonor, Princess of Asturias
|Princess of Asturias (more)|
|Born||31 October 2005|
|Father||Felipe VI of Spain|
|Mother||Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano|
|Spanish royal family|
Leonor, Princess of Asturias[a] (Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz; born 31 October 2005) is the heir presumptive to the throne of Spain as the elder daughter of King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia.
In addition to the official title of Princess of Asturias, she bears the historical titles of Princess of Girona, Princess of Viana, Duchess of Montblanc, Countess of Cervera and Lady of Balaguer. If Leonor ascends to the throne, she would be Spain's first queen regnant since Isabella II, who reigned from 1833 to 1868.
Leonor was born to Felipe and Letizia, then the prince and princess of Asturias, on 31 October 2005 at 01:46, during the reign of her paternal grandfather, King Juan Carlos I, in the Ruber International Hospital in Madrid by means of a caesarean section necessitated by non-progression of labour. As the daughter of the heir apparent, she was an infanta and the second in the line of succession to the Spanish throne. Her birth was announced by the royal family to the press via SMS.
Leonor left the Ruber International Hospital with her parents on 7 November 2005. She was baptised in the Zarzuela Palace by the archbishop of Madrid, Cardinal Antonio Rouco Varela, on 14 January 2006. Like her father, Leonor was christened – with water from the Jordan River – in a romanesque baptismal font that has been used to christen Spanish princes since the 17th century.
Education and activities
Leonor's education began at Escuela Infantil Guardia Real, the daycare for the children of the Spanish Royal Guard. She began her first year of primary school on 15 September 2008 at the Santa María de los Rosales School in Aravaca, just outside Madrid. Her father is an alumnus of the private school and her younger sister, Sofía, is also enrolled there. Leonor is fluent in both Spanish and English (the latter learnt from her British nanny and also from her grandmother, Queen Sofía) and has studied Mandarin.
On 18 June 2014, King Juan Carlos signed the instrument of abdication, and the following day at the stroke of midnight (18–19 June 2014) Leonor's father ascended the throne becoming King Felipe VI, and Leonor became his heir presumptive and Princess of Asturias.
According to the Spanish constitution of 1975, the succession to the Spanish throne is under a system of male-preference cognatic primogeniture, meaning that Leonor, as the elder of Felipe's two daughters, is first in line to inherit the throne. Under the current law, however, if her father has a legitimate son while still being king, Leonor would be displaced in the line of succession and again become an Infanta of Spain. There have been discussions about changing the succession law to absolute primogeniture, allowing for the inheritance of the eldest child, regardless of sex; however, the birth of Leonor, followed by that of her younger sister Sofía, stalled these plans. Despite a change from male-preference to absolute primogeniture for Spanish titles of nobility in 2009, as of 2022 no legislation has been passed affecting the succession to the throne.
A day before her 10th birthday, she was granted the Order of the Golden Fleece by her father. In addition, the Council of Ministers approved the design of her personal standard and guidon. Coinciding with the 50th birthday of King Felipe, in January 2018, the King officially gave Leonor the collar of the Golden Fleece in a ceremony at the Royal Palace of Madrid.
In September 2018, Leonor conducted her first public engagement outside the palace by accompanying her parents to Covadonga to celebrate the 1,300th anniversary of the Kingdom of Asturias. On 31 October 2018, Princess Leonor gave her first public speech, held at the Instituto Cervantes in Madrid, where she read the first article of the Constitution of Spain. The speech coincided with the 40th anniversary of the constitution and her 13th birthday.
On 18 October 2019, she made her first significant speech at Premio Princesa de Asturias. On 4 November 2019, she made her first speech at the Princess of Girona Foundation awards in Barcelona, in which she spoke in Spanish, Catalan, English and Arabic.
On 10 February 2021, it was announced that in the autumn of 2021 she would continue her secondary education at the United World College of the Atlantic in Wales, studying the 2-year IB Diploma Programme. She carried out her first public solo engagement in the same month by attending a ceremony to mark the 30th anniversary of the Instituto Cervantes.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
- 2005 – 2014: Her Royal Highness Infanta Leonor of Spain
- 2014 - present: Her Royal Highness The Princess of Asturias
As heir presumptive to the throne, she is the nominal chairwoman of the Princess of Asturias Foundation and the Princess of Girona Foundation, although until she becomes 18, those functions are assumed by her father.
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- "Nace la infanta Leonor". El País (in Spanish). Prisa. 30 October 2005. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
- Marcos, Charo; Cernuda, Olalla (31 October 2005). "Letizia Ortiz da a luz una niña". El Mundo (in Spanish). Mundinteractivos. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
- "La Princesa de Asturias y la Infanta Leonor abandonan este lunes el hospital". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 6 November 2005. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
- "La Princesa de Asturias y la Infanta Leonor abandonan a las 12:00 horas el hospital". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 7 November 2005. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
- "Princess Leonor of Spain: Facts about the future queen". hellomagazine.com. 31 October 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
- "Royal christenings around the world". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. 9 November 2015. p. 8. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
- "Los Reyes serán los padrinos de Leono". El Periódico de Aragón (in Spanish). Grupo Zeta. 18 December 2005. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
- "La Infanta Leonor sólo abrió los ojos en su bautizo al recibir el agua del río Jordán". El Mundo (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 June 2019.
- "La infanta Sofía irá a la Escuela Infantil de la Guardia Real en septiembre". Hola.com (in Spanish). 15 July 2009. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
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- "Princess Leonor preparing for her role as Spain's future queen". 4 April 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
- "Spanish constitution" (PDF). Congress of Spain. congreso.es. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- Marcos, Charo. "Una esperada confirmación". El Mundo.
- "LOS 'PROBLEMAS' SI EL PRIMOGÉNITO ES PRIMOGÉNITA: Pendientes de la Constitución hasta saber si será niño o niña". El Mundo.
- Woolls, Daniel (27 September 2006). "Royal Pregnancy a Conundrum for Spain". The Washington Post. The Associated Press. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
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- Tremlett, Giles (12 July 2009). "Spanish nobles rebel over inheritance law". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- "Princess Leonor of Spain's waxwork is unveiled in Madrid". 10 October 2014. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
- Galaz, Mábel (20 May 2015). "Leonor hace la comunión como colegiala, no como princesa". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- Remírez, Carmen (20 May 2015). "La Princesa Leonor, tras su primera comunión: 'Estaba muy nerviosa'". El Mundo (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- "El Rey concede el Toisón de Oro a Leonor por su décimo cumpleaños". El País (in Spanish). 30 October 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- Remírez, Carmen (30 October 2015). "El Rey Felipe VI concede a la Princesa de Asturias el Toisón de Oro". El Mundo (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- Real Decreto 978/2015 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
- Real Decreto 979/2015 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
- "King Felipe of Spain gives daughter Princess Leonor same honour as the Queen". HELLO!. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
- Abellán, Lucía (8 September 2018). "La princesa Leonor estrena su agenda oficial de viajes en Asturias". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 November 2018.
- "La princesa Leonor lee en su primera intervención pública el artículo 1 de la Constitución". Corporación de Radio y Televisión Española (in Spanish). 31 October 2018. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
- Alberola, Miquel (1 November 2018). "La princesa Leonor hace su primera lectura pública para conmemorar la Constitución". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 November 2018.
- "El histórico primer discurso de Leonor en los Premios Princesa de Asturias". Hola! (in Spanish). 18 October 2019. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- "De rojo y con un discreto maquillaje: Leonor brilla en los Premios Princesa de Girona". ABC (in Spanish). Madrid: Vocento. 5 November 2019. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
- "Leonor sorprende en los Princesa de Girona con su discurso en catalán, inglés y árabe". El Español (in Spanish). 4 November 2019. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
- "Spanish princess Leonor to attend UWC Atlantic College in Wales". BBC. 10 February 2021. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
- Boucher, Phil (24 March 2021). "Princess Leonor of Spain, 15, Steps Out for Her First Solo Public Outing". People. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
- "Leonor, princesa de Asturias, cumple diez años en la más estricta intimidad familiar" [Leonor, Princess of Asturias, turns ten in the strictest family intimacy]. Republica.com (in Spanish). 30 October 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
- "Los primeros Premios Princesa de Asturias no tendrán a su Princesa" [The first Princess of Asturias Awards will not have their Princess]. ¡Hola! USA. 19 October 2015. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
- "BOLETÍN OFICIAL DEL ESTADO" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 31 October 2015.